Sample records for term context structural

  1. mu-term: A Tool for Proving Termination of Context-Sensitive Rewriting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Salvador

    mu-term: A Tool for Proving Termination of Context-Sensitive Rewriting Salvador Lucas DSIC@dsic.upv.es Abstract. Restrictions of rewriting can eventually achieve termination by pruning all infinite rewrite. This paper describes mu-term, a tool which can be used to automatically prove termination of CSR. The tool

  2. mu-term: A Tool for Proving Termination of Context-Sensitive Rewriting ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Salvador

    mu-term: A Tool for Proving Termination of Context-Sensitive Rewriting ? Salvador Lucas DSIC@dsic.upv.es Abstract. Restrictions of rewriting can eventually achieve termination by pruning all in#12;nite rewrite. This paper describes mu-term, a tool which can be used to automatically prove termination of CSR. The tool

  3. Term Structure Dynamics with Macroeconomic Factors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Ha-Il

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Affine term structure models (ATSMs) are known to have a trade-off in predicting future Treasury yields and fitting the time-varying volatility of interest rates. First, I empirically study the role of macroeconomic variables ...

  4. Navigation in Structured Multimedia Documents using Presentation Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

    Navigation in Structured Multimedia Documents using Presentation Context Loay Sabry­Ismail --- C in multimedia documents differs from the navigation in clas­ sical documents the fact that temporal information instants in the presentation of multimedia documents, and we describe how they can be used to navigate

  5. Data structures for context responsive modeling in architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Si, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context plays important roles in architecture design, any feelings we implement, or any existing conditions that we try to address in a design process intents emerge. Understanding the relationships between elements in a ...

  6. Solar Structure in terms of Gauss' Hypergeometric Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

    1995-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation determine the conditions in the gravitationally stabilized solar fusion reactor. We assume a matter density distribution varying non- linearly through the central region of the Sun. The analytic solutions of the differential equations of mass conservation, hydrostatic equilibrium, and energy conservation, together with the equation of state of the perfect gas and a nuclear energy generation rate $\\epsilon=\\epsilon_0\\rho^nT^m$, are given in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function. This model for the structure of the Sun gives the run of density, mass pressure, temperature, and nuclear energy generation through the central region of the Sun. Because of the assumption of a matter density distribution, the conditions of hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation are separated from the mode of energy transport in the Sun.

  7. Term structure of interest rates and monetary policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jing Cynthia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vestin (2006) ‘A joint econometric model of macroeconomicfrom the perspective of econometric methodology, in terms ofboth in terms of the econometric standard errors and

  8. Merchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error Nicola Secomandi,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    the futures term structure affect the valuation and hedging of natural gas storage. We find that even small impact on storage valuation and hedging. In particular, theoretically equivalent hedging strategies haveMerchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error Nicola Secomandi,1 Guoming Lai,2 Fran

  9. Handling Context-Sensitivity in Protein Structures Using Graph Theory: Bona Fide Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samudrala, Ram

    structure(s).5 METHODS General Description of the Graph-Theoretic Clique-Finding Approach Each possible

  10. A Hidden Markov Chain Model for the Term Structure of Bond Credit Risk Spreads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, L; Allen, David E; Morkel-Kingsbury, N

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a Markov chain model for the term structure and credit risk spreads of bond processes. It allows dependency between the stochastic process modeling the interest rate and the Markov chain process describing ...

  11. Examining the antecedents and structure of customer loyalty in a tourism context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the structure and antecedents of cruise passengers' loyalty. Specifically, the study examined the dimensionality of the loyalty construct. Moreover, the study investigated the utility...

  12. Examining the antecedents and structure of customer loyalty in a tourism context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the structure and antecedents of cruise passengers' loyalty. Specifically, the study examined the dimensionality of the loyalty construct. Moreover, the study ...

  13. WETwin: a structured approach to evaluating wetland management options in data-poor contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    .P. Uyttendaelec a International Water Management Institute (IWMI);b University of Geneva, enviroSPACE Laboratory; c ANTEA Group, Belgium; d Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK);e Irstea, UMR G-eau; f and structured approach to evaluate wetland management interventions and integrate impact, feasibility

  14. Revised August 2008 The NZ term structure: Going long in infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Revised August 2008 The NZ term structure: Going long in infrastructure Roger Bowden1 and Dawn at the Victoria University of Wellington, and Director, Kiwicap Research Ltd. Contact: emails roger Victoria University of Wellington P.O. Box 600 Wellington New Zealand. 2 Director, Victoria International

  15. LONG-TERM MONITORING STRATEGY FOR CONCRETE-BASED STRUCTURES USING NONLINEAR KALMAN FILTERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    LONG-TERM MONITORING STRATEGY FOR CONCRETE-BASED STRUCTURES USING NONLINEAR KALMAN FILTERING K 2 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD USA ABSTRACT Kalman filtering is introduced of linear Kalman filters are presented briefly, and the use of linear filters is demon- strated for Fickian

  16. Term Structure of Commodities Futures. Forecasting and Pricing. Marcos Escobar, Nicols Hernndez, Luis Seco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seco, Luis A.

    1 Term Structure of Commodities Futures. Forecasting and Pricing. Marcos Escobar, Nicolás Hernández that often exhibit sudden changes from backwardation into contango (such as energy, agricultural products generation purposes. It also provides the "risk neutral" processes needed for derivatives pricing, answering

  17. Structure transitions induced by the Hall term in homogeneous and isotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miura, H., E-mail: miura.hideaki@nifs.ac.jp [Department of Helical Plasma Research, National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Araki, K. [Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University of Science, 1-1 Ridai-cho, Okayama 700-0005 (Japan)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Hall effects on local structures in homogeneous, isotropic, and incompressible magnetohydrodynamic turbulence are studied numerically. The transition of vortices from sheet-like to tubular structures induced by the Hall term is found, while the kinetic energy spectrum does not distinguish the two types of structures. It is shown by the use of the sharp low-pass filter that the transition occurs not only in the scales smaller than the ion skin depth but also in a larger scale. The transition is related with the forward energy transfer in the spectral space. Analyses by the use of the sharp low-pass filter show that the nonlinear energy transfer associated with the Hall term is dominated by the forward transfer and relatively local in the wave number space. A projection of the simulation data to a Smagorinsky-type sub-grid-scale model shows that the high wave number component of the Hall term may possibly be replaced by the model effectively.

  18. The development of structural materials for reduced long-term activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehrlich, K.; Cierjacks, S.W.; Kelzenberg, S.; Moeslang, A. [Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A reliable calculation of neutron-induced activation of materials requires the inclusion of all kinematically allowed reactions and subsequent reaction chains. While neutron-induced reactions have been sufficiently covered in the past, sequential (x,n) reactions with charged particles x, produced in a first-step reaction, were neglected. To include this type of reaction three new libraries and a preparatory code were developed to produce pseudo cross sections for the European reference code FISPACT. Inventory calculations with the updated FISPACT code, done for all stable elements, showed for 30 elements an increase of at least one of the radiological quantities activity, dose rate and decay heat. Two types of candidate structural materials were investigated: ferritic-martensitic steels and vanadium-based alloys. While V-Cr-Ti alloys without impurities are known to have far superior long-term activation properties, a realistic assumption of technically achievable amounts of tramp elements leads nearly to the same level of activation as for the optimized ferritic-martensitic steels.

  19. Structure and Function of Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Land degradation in most of the Chihuahuan Desert is characterized by a shift from grass- to shrub objective where perennial plants have been completely lost from a site, whereas the term reclamation is used to support revegetation, reclamation, and restoration objectives. This chapter is organized into three

  20. International financial crises, term structure of foreign debt and monetary policy in open economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caliskan, Ahmet

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................................................19 II.2.4.2 Assumption on R ..................................................20 II.3 Types of Equilibria.......................................................................20 II.3.1 Overview of Equilibria with No Crises... Short-term Debt Is More Expensive ( 120102 r )................................61 II.5.1.4 Summary of Vulnerability to Bank Runs.............62 II.5.2 When Do International Creditors Stop Lending to Domestic Banks...

  1. Long Term Simulations Of Astrophysical Jets; Energy Structure and Quasi-Periodic Ejection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed Ibrahim; Kazunari Shibata

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed self-consistent 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD numerical simulations of jet formation as long as possible, including the dynamics of accretion disks. Although the previous nonsteady MHD simulations for astrophysical jets revealed that the characteristics of nonsteady jets are similar to those of steady jets, the calculation time of these simulations is very short compared with the time scale of observed jets. Thus we have investigated long term evolutions of mass accretion rate, mass outflow rate, jet velocity, and various energy flux. We found that the ejection of jet is quasi-periodic. The period of the ejection is related to the time needed for the initial magnetic filed to be twisted to generate toroidal filed. We compare our results with both the steady state theory and previous 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD simulations.

  2. Long-term variation of radar-auroral backscatter and the interplanetary sector structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeoman, T.K.; Burrage, M.D.; Lester, M.; Robinson, T.R.; Jones, T.B. (Univ. of Leicester (England))

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recurrent variation of geomagnetic activity at the {approximately}27-day solar rotation period and higher harmonics is a well-documented phenomenon. Auroral radar backscatter data from the Sweden and Britain Radar-Auroral Experiment (SABRE) radar provide a continuous time series from 1981 to the present which is a highly sensitive monitor of geomagnetic activity. In this study, Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) dynamic power spectra of SABRE backscatter data from 1981 to 1989, concurrent interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and solar wind parameters from 1981 to 1987, and the Kp index since 1932 are examined. Data since 1977 are compared with previously published heliospheric current sheet measurements mapped out from the solar photosphere. Stong periodic behavior is observed in the radar backscatter during the declining phase of solar cycle 21, but this periodicity disappears at the start of solar cycle 22. Similar behavior is observed in earlier solar cycles in the Kp spectra. Details of the radar backscatter, IMF, and solar wind spectra indicate that the solar wind momentum density is the dominant parameter in determining the backscatter periodicity. The temporal evolution of two- and four-sector structures, as predicted by SABRE backscatter spectra, throughout solar cycle 21 generally still agree well with heliospheric current sheet measurements. For one interval, however, there is evidence that evolution of the current sheet has occurred between the photospheric source surface and the Earth.

  3. Damage estimates from long-term structural analysis of a wind turbine in a US wind farm environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelley, N.D. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Sutherland, H.J. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time-domain simulations of the loads on wind energy conversion systems have been hampered in the past by the relatively long computational times for nonlinear structural analysis codes. However, recent advances in both the level of sophistication and computational efficiency of available computer hardware and the codes themselves now permit long-term simulations to be conducted in reasonable times. Thus, these codes provide a unique capability to evaluate the spectral content of the fatigue loads on a turbine. To demonstrate these capabilities, a Micon 65/13 turbine is analyzed using the YawDyn and the ADAMS dynamic analysis codes. The SNLWIND-3D simulator and measured boundary conditions are used to simulate the inflow environment that can be expected during a single, 24-hour period by a turbine residing in Row 41 of a wind farm located in San Gorgonio Pass, California. Also, long-term simulations (up to 8 hours of simulated time) with constant average inflow velocities are used to better define the characteristics of the fatigue load on the turbine. Damage calculations, using the LIFE2 fatigue analysis code and the MSU/DOE fatigue data base for composite materials, are then used to determine minimum simulation times for consistent estimates of service lifetimes.

  4. Effect of pH, sucrose and mannitol on structure and long-term stability of a model IgG1 antibody upon freeze-drying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jihea

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of pH and potential stabilizers on structure and long-term stability of an IgG1 monoclonal antibody in the solid state after freeze-drying. The inter-relationships between preservation...

  5. New cost structure approach in green buildings : cost-benefit analysis for widespread acceptance and long-term practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhiyong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the concepts of sustainable building have been widely accepted in the market, there are unavoidable challenges toward widespread acceptance and long-term practice. Crossing green building development, there is ...

  6. Interactions with context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Eric (Eric Peter)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My dissertation asks how we affect conversational context and how it affects us when we participate in any conversation -- including philosophical conversations. Chapter 1 argues that speakers make pragmatic presuppositions ...

  7. Skyscrapers in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobayashi, Kazuo, 1958-

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a study of the expressive quality of a skyscraper. Because of their size and conspicuousness, skyscrapers are simultaneously exposed to several different levels of"contexts, which are mainly defined by the ...

  8. Context-dependent protein folding of a virulence peptide in the bacterial and host environments: structure of an SycH–YopH chaperone–effector complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vujanac, Milos; Stebbins, C. Erec, E-mail: stebbins@rockefeller.edu [The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of a SycH–YopH chaperone–effector complex from Yersinia reveals the bacterial state of a protein that adopts different folds in the host and pathogen environments. Yersinia pestis injects numerous bacterial proteins into host cells through an organic nanomachine called the type 3 secretion system. One such substrate is the tyrosine phosphatase YopH, which requires an interaction with a cognate chaperone in order to be effectively injected. Here, the first crystal structure of a SycH–YopH complex is reported, determined to 1.9 Å resolution. The structure reveals the presence of (i) a nonglobular polypeptide in YopH, (ii) a so-called ?-motif in YopH and (iii) a conserved hydrophobic patch in SycH that recognizes the ?-motif. Biochemical studies establish that the ?-motif is critical to the stability of this complex. Finally, since previous work has shown that the N-terminal portion of YopH adopts a globular fold that is functional in the host cell, aspects of how this polypeptide adopts radically different folds in the host and in the bacterial environments are analysed.

  9. Modeling Long-term Creep Performance for Welded Nickel-base Superalloy Structures for Power Generation Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Chen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report here a constitutive model for predicting long-term creep strain evolution in ?’ strengthened Ni-base superalloys. Dislocation climb-bypassing ?’, typical in intermediate ?’ volume fraction (~20%) alloys, is considered as the primary deformation mechanism. Dislocation shearing ?’ to anti-phase boundary (APB) faults and diffusional creep are also considered for high-stress and high-temperature low-stress conditions, respectively. Additional damage mechanism is taken into account for rapid increase in tertiary creep strain. The model has been applied to Alloy 282, and calibrated in a temperature range of 1375-1450?F, and stress range of 15-45ksi. The model parameters and a MATLAB code are provided. This report is prepared by Monica Soare and Chen Shen at GE Global Research. Technical discussions with Dr. Vito Cedro are greatly appreciated. This work was supported by DOE program DE-FE0005859

  10. Study on the structure of the four-quark states in terms of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue-Wen Liu; Hong-Wei Ke; Yi-Bing Ding; Xue-Qian Li

    2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we use the Born-Oppenheimer approximation where the potential between atoms can be approximated as a function of distance between the two nuclei to study the four-quark bound states. By the approximation, Heitler and London calculated the spectrum of hydrogen molecule which includes two protons (heavy) and two electrons (light). Generally, the observed exotic mesons $Z_b(10610)$, $Z_b(10650)$, $Z_c(3900)$ and $Z_c(4020)$($Z_c(4025)$) may be molecular states made of two physical mesons and/or in diquark-anti-diquark structures. In analog to the Heitler-London method for calculating the mass of hydrogen molecule, we investigate whether there exist energy minima for these two structures. By contrary to the hydrogen molecule case where only the spin-triplet possesses an energy minimum, there exist minima for both of them. It implies that both molecule and tetraquark states can be stable objects. But since they have the same quantum numbers, the two states may mix to result in the physical states. A consequence would be that partner exotic states co-existing with $Z_b(10610)$, $Z_b(10650)$, $Z_c(3900)$ and $Z_c(4020)$($Z_c(4025)$) are predicted and should be experimentally observed.

  11. Ada : context-sensitive context-sensing on mobile devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yu-Han, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design, implementation, and evaluation of Ada, a context-sensing service for mobile devices. Ada explores new points in the accuracy-energy-responsiveness design space for mobile context sensing. ...

  12. Towards a redefinition of 'context'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehner, Michael P. (Michael Patrick), 1969-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context is an ever-present yet elusive issue in architecture and it is difficult for any two people to agree about its definition or role in architecture. Yet context casts a long shadow over architectural design no matter ...

  13. Context-Enabled Business Intelligence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troy Hiltbrand

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To truly understand context and apply it in business intelligence, it is vital to understand what context is and how it can be applied in addressing organizational needs. Context describes the facets of the environment that impact the way that end users interact with the system. Context includes aspects of location, chronology, access method, demographics, social influence/ relationships, end-user attitude/ emotional state, behavior/ past behavior, and presence. To be successful in making Business Intelligence content enabled, it is important to be able to capture the context of use user. With advances in technology, there are a number of ways in which this user based information can be gathered and exposed to enhance the overall end user experience.

  14. UNRES -a united-residue force field for energy-based prediction of protein structure -origin and significance of multibody terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istrail, Sorin

    UNRES - a united-residue force field for energy-based prediction of protein structure - origin, 80-952 Gdarlsk, Poland 2Baker Laboratory of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University to which the na- tive structure of a protein is a global minimum of its potential energy surface [32

  15. Policy Context: Behaviour Change 1 | Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change: Policy context | 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Context: Behaviour Change 1 | Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change: Policy context | 2012 Policy context: influencing and changing behaviours1 Contents Policy context: influencing .............................................................................................3 3. Behaviour change in government policy

  16. Regional Summary Pacific Management Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Bocaccio, Pacific ocean perch, cowcod, and darkblotched and widow rockfish are currently in rebuildingRegional Summary Pacific Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

  17. Context-dependent resistance to proteolysis of intrinsically disordered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussman, Joel L.

    (IDPs), also known as intrinsically unstructured proteins (IUPs), lack a well-defined 3D structureREVIEW Context-dependent resistance to proteolysis of intrinsically disordered proteins Marcin J.1002/pro.657 Published online 13 May 2011 proteinscience.org Abstract: Intrinsically disordered proteins

  18. Induced Spin from the $ISO(2,1)$ Gauge Theory with the Gravitational Chern-Simons Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin-Ho Cho; Hyuk-jae Lee

    1995-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of $ISO(2,1)$ gauge theory, we consider $(2+1)$-dimensional gravity with the gravitational Chern-Simons term (CST). This formulation allows the `exact' solution for the system coupled to a massive point particle (which is not the case in the conventional Chern-Simons gravity). The solution exhibits locally trivial structure even with the CST, although still shows globally nontrivialness such as the conical space and the helical time structure. Since the solution is exact, we can say the CST induces spin even for noncritical case of $\\s+\\al m\

  19. Neural Context Reinstatement Predicts Memory Misattribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gershman, Samuel J.

    What causes new information to be mistakenly attributed to an old experience? Some theories predict that reinstating the context of a prior experience allows new information to be bound to that context, leading to source ...

  20. Context as a Spurious Concept Graeme Hirst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Suzanne

    in artificial intelligence, primarily the formalization by McCarthy and Buvac, that regard context based on pre-defined contexts and pre-defined `lifting axioms' cannot account for how context is used`stressor'. A stressor is simply anything that causes stress--a deviation or distortion of a system from its normal state

  1. Business Processes Contextualisation via Context Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Business Processes Contextualisation via Context Analysis Jose Luis de la Vara1 , Raian Ali2.giorgini}@disi.unitn.it Abstract. Context-awareness has emerged as a new perspective for business process modelling. Even though for approaches that (i) facilitate the identification of the context properties that influence a business process

  2. Context Representation for Web Search Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

    Context Representation for Web Search Results Jesús Vegas Department of Computer Science U. Valladolid Context Representation for Web Search Results 2 Outline Intro Web search results in the web site and Future work #12;Context Representation for Web Search Results 3 Introduction Searching the web is one

  3. An Algorithm to Find Frequent Concepts of a Formal Context with Taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferré, Sébastien

    An Algorithm to Find Frequent Concepts of a Formal Context with Taxonomy Peggy Cellier1 , S the data set is not structured. When an attribute taxonomy exists, existing techniques produce a com- pleted context with all attributes deduced from the taxonomy. Usual algorithms can then be applied

  4. Spatial context as an aid to page layout : a system for planning and sketching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Morissa

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A graphics system has been developed to enable a user/designer to create a spatial context as an aid in page layout. This system facilitates the planning and structuring of a complex design work by providing programs to ...

  5. Term Structure Dynamics with Macroeconomic Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Ha-Il

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    (1985), researchers extended ATSMs to explain several important aspects of Treasury yields data. Recently, Dai and Singleton (2000), Du ee (2002), and Duarte (2004) reported that there exists a trade-o between improving forecast ability on future bond... be one way to resolve these issues. Along this line, Du ee (2002) and Duarte (2004) use alternative parameterizations of the market price of risk and report some success in increasing the predictive power of ATSMs, but they still have di culty...

  6. Long-term testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferber, M.; Graves, G.A. Jr.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Land-based gas turbines are significantly different from automotive gas turbines in that they are designed to operate for 50,000 h or greater (compared to 5,000--10,000 h). The primary goal of this research is to determine the long-term survivability of ceramic materials for industrial gas turbine applications. Research activities in this program focus on the evaluation of the static tensile creep and stress rupture (SR) behavior of three commercially available structural ceramics which have been identified by the gas turbine manufacturers as leading candidates for use in industrial gas turbines. For each material investigated, a minimum of three temperatures and four stresses will be used to establish the stress and temperature sensitivities of the creep and SR behavior. Because existing data for many candidate structural ceramics are limited to testing times less than 2,000 h, this program will focus on extending these data to times on the order of 10,000 h, which represents the lower limit of operating time anticipated for ceramic blades and vanes in gas turbine engines. A secondary goal of the program will be to investigate the possibility of enhancing life prediction estimates by combining interrupted tensile SR tests and tensile dynamic fatigue tests in which tensile strength is measured as a function of stressing rate. The third goal of this program will be to investigate the effects of water vapor upon the SR behavior of the three structural ceramics chosen for the static tensile studies by measuring the flexural strength as a function of stressing rate at three temperatures.

  7. Gamma ray bursts in their historic context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma Ray Bursts In Their Historic Context Virginia TrimbleMD 20742 USA Abstract. Gamma ray bursts remained essentiallyalso applies to the gamma ray bursts. First, an observation

  8. Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yishan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    for the new structure to maintain system reliability. Power system reliability is comprised of two basic components, adequacy and security. In terms of the time frame, power system reliability can mean short-term reliability or long-term reliability. Short...

  9. Exploiting Context Data Fidelity for Enhanced Privacy and Energy Angela B. Dalton, Carla S. Ellis, and Abhijit Vijay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Carla

    Off Project uses low-power sensors as tools in the service of OS-based energy manage- ment for mobile for energy ef- ficiency and privacy assurance in context-aware, #12;ubiquitous systems. We use the term and user context as it affects energy management of the display, capturing the direct dependency

  10. The impact of organizational context and competences on innovation ambidexterity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 The impact of organizational context and competences on innovation ambidexterity Sébastien Brion of organizational context on ambidexterity. The present research tests whether organizational context affects risk taking and creativity, and thereby build an organizational context suited to innovation

  11. Service Degradation in Context Management Ahmed Shawky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    Service Degradation in Context Management Frameworks Ahmed Shawky Networks and Security Dept aware application. This paper will review the service degradation in Context Management Frameworks (CMF in sever degradation? 2) What is the impact of the delay estimation on the mmPr? 3) How can this knowledge

  12. Context Ontology Implementation for Smart Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Nguyen, Tam; Nguyen, Huy; Choi, Deokjai; Lee, Chilwoo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context awareness is one of the important fields in ubiquitous computing. Smart Home, a specific instance of ubiquitous computing, provides every family with opportunities to enjoy the power of hi-tech home living. Discovering that relationship among user, activity and context data in home environment is semantic, therefore, we apply ontology to model these relationships and then reason them as the semantic information. In this paper, we present the realization of smart home's context-aware system based on ontology. We discuss the current challenges in realizing the ontology context base. These challenges can be listed as collecting context information from heterogeneous sources, such as devices, agents, sensors into ontology, ontology management, ontology querying, and the issue related to environment database explosion.

  13. El avión negro: The Political and Structural Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batchelder, Norma Woodward

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the streets, his drumsticks now covered by boxing gloves symbolizing the workers' muffled voices and their potential aggression. As Lucho evokes the "ghost" (Perón) of the political past, a group of players and singers (the murga) herald Perón's return...

  14. Characterizing population structure of cetaceans within an ecological context /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Alyson H.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JD, Calambokidis J, Balcomb KC et al. (1996) Movement of aMorton AB, Palm RS, Balcomb KC (1998) Dietary specializationGH, Evenson JR, Flynn KR, Balcomb KC, Claridge DE, Bloedel

  15. Bacterial Population Genetics in a Forensic Context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velsko, S P

    2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses the recent Department of Homeland Security (DHS) call for a Phase I study to (1) assess gaps in the forensically relevant knowledge about the population genetics of eight bacterial agents of concern, (2) formulate a technical roadmap to address those gaps, and (3) identify new bioinformatics tools that would be necessary to analyze and interpret population genetic data in a forensic context. The eight organisms that were studied are B. anthracis, Y. pestis, F. tularensis, Brucella spp., E. coli O157/H7, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and C. botulinum. Our study focused on the use of bacterial population genetics by forensic investigators to test hypotheses about the possible provenance of an agent that was used in a crime or act of terrorism. Just as human population genetics underpins the calculations of match probabilities for human DNA evidence, bacterial population genetics determines the level of support that microbial DNA evidence provides for or against certain well-defined hypotheses about the origins of an infecting strain. Our key findings are: (1) Bacterial population genetics is critical for answering certain types of questions in a probabilistic manner, akin (but not identical) to 'match probabilities' in DNA forensics. (2) A basic theoretical framework for calculating likelihood ratios or posterior probabilities for forensic hypotheses based on microbial genetic comparisons has been formulated. This 'inference-on-networks' framework has deep but simple connections to the population genetics of mtDNA and Y-STRs in human DNA forensics. (3) The 'phylogeographic' approach to identifying microbial sources is not an adequate basis for understanding bacterial population genetics in a forensic context, and has limited utility, even for generating 'leads' with respect to strain origin. (4) A collection of genotyped isolates obtained opportunistically from international locations augmented by phylogenetic representations of relatedness will not and enzootic outbreaks noted through international outbreak surveillance systems, and 'representative' genetic sequences from each outbreak. (5) Interpretation of genetic comparisons between an attack strain and reference strains requires a model for the network structure of maintenance foci, enzootic outbreaks, and human outbreaks of that disease, coupled with estimates of mutational rate constants. Validation of the model requires a set of sequences from exemplary outbreaks and laboratory data on mutation rates during animal passage. The necessary number of isolates in each validation set is determined by disease transmission network theory, and is based on the 'network diameter' of the outbreak. (6) The 8 bacteria in this study can be classified into 4 categories based on the complexity of the transmission network structure of their natural maintenance foci and their outbreaks, both enzootic and zoonotic. (7) For B. anthracis, Y. pestis, E. coli O157, and Brucella melitensis, and their primary natural animal hosts, most of the fundamental parameters needed for modeling genetic change within natural host or human transmission networks have been determined or can be estimated from existing field and laboratory studies. (8) For Burkholderia mallei, plausible approaches to transmission network models exist, but much of the fundamental parameterization does not. In addition, a validated high-resolution typing system for characterizing genetic change within outbreaks or foci has not yet been demonstrated, although a candidate system exists. (9) For Francisella tularensis, the increased complexity of the transmission network and unresolved questions about maintenance and transmission suggest that it will be more complex and difficult to develop useful models based on currently available data. (10) For Burkholderia pseudomallei and Clostridium botulinum, the transmission and maintenance networks involve complex soil communities and metapopulations about which very little is known. It is not clear that these pathogens can be brought into the in

  16. Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dustin Arthur

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

  17. Processing Chinese relative clauses in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Edward A.

    This paper presents a self-paced reading experiment comparing the processing of subject-extracted relative clauses (SRCs) and object-extracted relative clauses (ORCs) in supportive contexts in Chinese. It is argued that ...

  18. A note on organizational learning and knowledge sharing in the context of communities of practice*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A note on organizational learning and knowledge sharing in the context of communities of practice, the characteristics of communities of practice (CoP) will be discussed in more details. 2. Organizational learning, organizational capital and human capital. Here, human capital serves as a collective term for an organization

  19. Curating Scientific Research Data for the Long Term: A Preservation Analysis Method in Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, Esther; Dunckley, Matthew; Giaretta, David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    knowledge management technologies allowing critical failure of solution to be detected when risks are realized. We view preservation

  20. Identification of civil structural parameters using the extended Kalman filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foun, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of civil and industrial structures, structural control and damage detection have recently become an area of great interest. The safety of a structure is always the most important issue for structural engineers, ...

  1. Air-Conditioning Effect Estimation for Mid-Term Forecasts of Tunisian Electricity Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Air-Conditioning Effect Estimation for Mid-Term Forecasts of Tunisian Electricity Consumption Tunisian electricity consumption (the residential sector represents 68% of this class of consumers). Nevertheless, with the Tunisian electricity consumption context, models elaborating which take account weather

  2. Designing for long-term human-robot interaction and application to weight loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Cory David, 1977-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human-robot interaction is now well enough understood to allow us to build useful systems that can function outside of the laboratory. This thesis defines sociable robot system in the context of long-term interaction, ...

  3. Terms and Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and...

  4. Document Type: Subject Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major, Arkady

    Title: Authors: Source: Document Type: Subject Terms: Abstract: Full Text Word Count: ISSN at creating team results. In fact, it's priceless. Managers in Western corporations have received a lifetime

  5. Internet Control Message Protocol The Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 1 Internet Control Message Protocol ICMP 2 The Context IP-Related Protocol: ICMP TCP/IP Protocol Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used by routers is a separate protocol that sits above IP and uses IP to transport messages In practice, ICMP is an integral

  6. Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , for the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission, for the Western PacificRegional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

  7. Termination of (Canonical) ContextSensitive Rewriting ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Salvador

    Termination of (Canonical) Context­Sensitive Rewriting ? Salvador Lucas DSIC, Universidad Polit. Termination of such canonical CSR is desirable when using CSR for these purposes. Existing transformations for prov­ ing termination of CSR fulfill a number of new properties when used for proving termination

  8. Policy context 26/05/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    26/05/2010 Policy context #12;26/05/2010 Welsh Forestry Policy #12;26/05/2010 Adaptation related and Policy #12;26/05/2010 Woodland creation - Annual abatement Annual abatement impacts by year for 10, 20 public policy delivery Adaptation to enhance the resilience of woodland biodiversity #12

  9. Granular Context in Collaborative Mobile Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    facets of collaboration cover the whole life cycle of con- text information: sensing, aggregating teams. We present a methodology for context modeling and employ a framework that reduces costs/wireless setting, but also computing power needed to process information, and thus battery consumption R. Meersman

  10. DEVENIR A LONG TERME D'EXPLOITATIONS ABANDONNEES DE SEL LONG TERM EVOLUTION OF ABANDONED EXPLOITATIONS OF SALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    EXPLOITATIONS OF SALT GHOREYCHI Mehdi, DAUPLEY Xavier INERIS - Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel term evolution of abandoned exploitations of salt is discussed by analysing three basic aspects: geological and hydro-geological contexts of salt deposit, exploitation features (methods, geometries

  11. Effective Incentive Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents an in-depth look at effective incentive structures, how to clarify your program goals, and tips to plan for the long term.

  12. Mechanistic facility safety and source term analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PLYS, M.G.

    1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A PC-based computer program was created for facility safety and source term analysis at Hanford The program has been successfully applied to mechanistic prediction of source terms from chemical reactions in underground storage tanks, hydrogen combustion in double contained receiver tanks, and proccss evaluation including the potential for runaway reactions in spent nuclear fuel processing. Model features include user-defined facility room, flow path geometry, and heat conductors, user-defined non-ideal vapor and aerosol species, pressure- and density-driven gas flows, aerosol transport and deposition, and structure to accommodate facility-specific source terms. Example applications are presented here.

  13. CANDEL: Product Line Based Dynamic Context Management for Pervasive Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaodong

    , it is essential for computing applications to be context-aware. However, one of the major challenges the context as a dynamic product line composed of context primitives (CPs). Frame based software product line techniques are used together with OWL ontology to define CPs and to dynamically generate the current context

  14. Chameleon: Context-Awareness inside DBMSs Hicham G. Elmongui #1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mokbel, Mohamed F.

    includetime, location, identity, and activity of a user. This paper proposes a general context-aware DBMS DBMS, temporal DBMS, and Hippocratic DBMS, since space, time, and identity can be treated as contexts in the general context-aware DBMS. In Chameleon, we can combine multiple contexts into more complex ones using

  15. Langages HorsContexte Universit e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Csürös, Miklós

    (G) = {w # # # : S # # w} est le langage engendrâ?? e par G. Dâ?? efinition : Un langage L est hors contexte, aaabbb, . . . } = {a n b n : n # 0} Preuve : -- L(G) # {a n b n : n # 0} Soit w # L(G). # #i > 0 tel que} # L(G) w = a n b n #S # n+1 w #w # L(G) IFT 2102, v 2.2 Universitâ?? e de Montrâ?? eal Langages hors

  16. Preference Term List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    · Subject Bibliography Library #12; 1/2 · Edit Preferences #12; 2/2 · Library ­ PreferencesDisplay Fields · ­ PreferencesDuplicates · ­ PreferencesFind Full Text · PreferencesReference Types #12;? #12;Journal term list() · Bibliography() · Footnotes() · #12;15 4.Journal Article "Insert Field" #12;16 5. : "Reference Types ""Insert

  17. Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication is a glossary of terms used by the crop insurance industry. There are definitions for terms used in crop insurance documents and for terms pertaining to coverage levels, farming, reports, units and parties to contracts....

  18. The Cosmological Context of Extraplanar Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Binney

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    I review evidence that galaxies form from gas that falls into potential wells cold, rather than from virialized gas, and that formation stops once an atmosphere of trapped virialized gas has accumulated. Disk galaxies do not have such atmospheres, so their formation is ongoing. During galaxy formation feedback is an efficient process, and the nuclear regions of disk galaxies blow winds. The cold infalling gas that drives continued star formation has a significant component of angular momentum perpendicular to that of the disk. Extraplanar gas has to be understood in the context set by nuclear outflows and cold skew-rotating cosmic infall.

  19. CARBON OFFSETTING IN A TOURSIM CONTEXT: WHISTLER BC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CARBON OFFSETTING IN A TOURSIM CONTEXT: WHISTLER BC by Katie von Gaza Bachelor of Environmental: Carbon offsetting in a Tourism Context: Whistler, BC. Project No.: 471 Examining Committee: Chair 2.2 Carbon Offsetting

  20. Long Term by Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLogging in Logging inLogisticsLong Term

  1. GENERAL TERMS & CONDITIONS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental AssessmentsGeoffrey Campbell isOklahoma City,GENERAL TERMS &

  2. DIMENSIONS OF DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    1 DIMENSIONS OF DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT Steve Kempster*, Jason Cope** and Ken IN THE SME CONTEXT Abstract. Entrepreneurial ventures are led as effectively by small teams as by individuals individual leadership within the SME context. The overlap between heroic individual leadership

  3. Just-In-Time Context-Sensitive Questioning for Preventative Health Care Stephen S. Intille Kent Larson Chuck Kukla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : a preventative monitoring system for congestive heart failure that uses "just-in-time," context applications. The problem The U.S. medical system and those in other countries face an impending crisis: how that "financing problems in the near term will be dwarfed by the crisis that could occur as the baby- boom

  4. Abstract--We propose a partitioning problem in a power system context that weighs the two objectives of minimizing cuts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    and 118-bus electric power systems. Index Terms--Graph Partitioning, Extreme Events I. INTRODUCTION HIS work is motivated by extreme events in electric power systems that are caused by multiple contingenciesAbstract-- We propose a partitioning problem in a power system context that weighs the two

  5. Leveraging application context for efficient Jinseok Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    --Today's platforms for long-term environmental monitoring (e.g. buoys or towers) typically host large solar panels and batteries. Ideally, miniaturized platforms could be used instead, so state of the art power management the optimal sampling rate at the cost of high computational complexity O(n3 ), thus draining the batteries

  6. Entanglement entropy from surface terms in general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpan Bhattacharyya; Aninda Sinha

    2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement entropy in local quantum field theories is typically ultraviolet divergent due to short distance effects in the neighbourhood of the entangling region. In the context of gauge/gravity duality, we show that surface terms in general relativity are able to capture this entanglement entropy. In particular, we demonstrate that for 1+1 dimensional CFTs at finite temperature whose gravity dual is the BTZ black hole, the Gibbons-Hawking-York term precisely reproduces the entanglement entropy which can be computed independently in the field theory.

  7. Grounding language models in spatiotemporal context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Brandon C.

    Natural language is rich and varied, but also highly structured. The rules of grammar are a primary source of linguistic regularity, but there are many other factors that govern patterns of language use. Language models ...

  8. Terms and Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed Donat About Us TedJ. Reuder

  9. F-term Axion Monodromy Inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando Marchesano; Gary Shiu; Angel M. Uranga

    2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The continuous shift symmetry of axions is at the heart of several realizations of inflationary models. In particular, axion monodromy inflation aims at achieving super-Planckian field ranges for the inflaton in the context of string theory. Despite the elegant underlying principle, explicit models constructed hitherto are exceedingly complicated. We propose a new and better axion monodromy inflationary scenario, where the inflaton potential arises from an F-term. We present several scenarios, where the axion arises from the Kaluza-Klein compactification of higher dimensional gauge fields (or p-form potentials) in the presence of fluxes and/or torsion homology. The monodromy corresponds to a change in the background fluxes, and its F-term nature manifests in the existence of domain walls interpolating among flux configurations. Our scenario leads to diverse inflaton potentials, including linear large field behaviour, chaotic inflation, as well as potentials with even higher powers. They provide an elegant set of constructions with properties in the ballpark of the recent BICEP2 observational data on primordial gravitational waves.

  10. Cold War Context Statement: Sandia National Laboratories, California Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ULLRICH, REBECCA A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document was prepared to support the Department of Energy's compliance with Sections 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act. It provides an overview of the historic context in which Sandia National Laboratories/California was created and developed. Establishing such a context allows for a reasonable and reasoned historical assessment of Sandia National Laboratories/California properties. The Cold War arms race provides the primary historical context for the SNL/CA built environment.

  11. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  12. Pesticide risk perceptions and the differences between farmers and extensionists: Towards a knowledge-in-context model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ríos-González, Adriana, E-mail: adrianariosg@hotmail.com [Society, Culture and Health Academic Area, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur. Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur s/n, Barrio de María Auxiliadora cp. 29290 San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas (Mexico) [Society, Culture and Health Academic Area, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur. Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur s/n, Barrio de María Auxiliadora cp. 29290 San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas (Mexico); The Africa and Latin America Research Groups Network (GRAAL), Faculty of Medicine, Biostatistics Unit, Barcelona Autonomous University, Edificio M, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Jansen, Kees, E-mail: Kees.Jansen@wur.nl [Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen (Netherlands)] [Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen (Netherlands); Javier Sánchez-Pérez, Héctor, E-mail: hsanchez@ecosur.mx [Society, Culture and Health Academic Area, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur. Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur s/n, Barrio de María Auxiliadora cp. 29290 San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas (Mexico); The Africa and Latin America Research Groups Network (GRAAL), Faculty of Medicine, Biostatistics Unit, Barcelona Autonomous University, Edificio M, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A growing body of literature analyzes farmer perceptions of pesticide risk, but much less attention has been given to differences in risk perception between farmers and technical experts. Furthermore, inconsistencies in knowledge have too easily been explained in terms of lack of knowledge rather than exploring the underlying reasons for particular forms of thinking about pesticide risks. By doing this, the division between expert and lay knowledge has been deepened rather than transcended. Objective: This study aims to understand differences and similarities among the perceptions of pesticide risks of farmers, farm workers, and technical experts such as extensionists, by applying a social science approach towards knowledge and risk attitudes. Methods: Semi-structured interviews and field observations were conducted to smallholders, farm workers, extensionists, health professionals and scientists involved in the use and handling of pesticides. Subsequently, a survey was carried out to quantify the farmers and extensionists' acceptance or rejection of typical assertions expressed previously in the semi-structured interviews. Results: Smallholders showed to gain knowledge from their own experiences and to adapt pesticides practices, which is a potential basis for transforming notions of pesticide safety and risk reduction strategies. Though extensionists have received formal education, they sometimes develop ideas deviating from the technical perspective. The risk perception of the studied actors appeared to vary according to their role in the agricultural labor process; they varied much less than expected according to their schooling level. Conclusions: Commitment to the technical perspective is not dramatically different for extensionists on the one hand and farmers as well as farm workers on the other hand. Ideas about a supposed lack of knowledge by farmers and the need of formal training are too much driven by a deficit model of knowledge. Further research on risk perceptions of pesticides and training of rural people will benefit from the development of a knowledge-in-context model. -- Highlights: • Researching perceptions of farmers' extensionists and other professionals. • Experts as well as farmers deviate from the technical perspective. • Blaming who is responsible for pesticide problems creates expert-lay division. • Qualitative and quantitative methods, not as complementary but integrated. • Knowledge-in-context model as an alternative to the knowledge-deficit model.

  13. Bulgarian Verbs of Motion: Slavic Verbs in a Balkan Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Traci Speed

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jouko. 2000. Is there a Balkan verb system? In Milato South Slavic and Balkan Languages, Plovdiv Septemberof Motion: Slavic Verbs in a Balkan Context by Traci Speed

  14. apomorphine-induced context-specific behavioural: Topics by E...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    color detection. Depending on camera settings, illumination, shadows, people Cremers, Daniel 8 BehavioralSystemsCognitive Context-Specific Grasp Movement Representation in...

  15. Quantum Structure in Cognition: Why and How Concepts are Entangled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diederik Aerts; Sandro Sozzo

    2013-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One of us has recently elaborated a theory for modelling concepts that uses the state context property (SCoP) formalism, i.e. a generalization of the quantum formalism. This formalism incorporates context into the mathematical structure used to represent a concept, and thereby models how context influences the typicality of a single exemplar and the applicability of a single property of a concept, which provides a solution of the 'Pet-Fish problem' and other difficulties occurring in concept theory. Then, a quantum model has been worked out which reproduces the membership weights of several exemplars of concepts and their combinations. We show in this paper that a further relevant effect appears in a natural way whenever two or more concepts combine, namely, 'entanglement'. The presence of entanglement is explicitly revealed by considering a specific example with two concepts, constructing some Bell's inequalities for this example, testing them in a real experiment with test subjects, and finally proving that Bell's inequalities are violated in this case. We show that the intrinsic and unavoidable character of entanglement can be explained in terms of the weights of the exemplars of the combined concept with respect to the weights of the exemplars of the component concepts.

  16. Situvis: visualising multivariate context information to evaluate situation specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Simon

    Situvis: visualising multivariate context information to evaluate situation specifications Adrian K, highly multivariate, and constantly being updated as new readings are recorded. Situations have been. The visualisation of large and complex multivariate data sets, such as those that context-aware system developers

  17. Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context: Value-Driven Architecting and Design of Engineering Systems Presented by: Dr. Donna H. Rhodes and Dr. Adam M. Ross Massachusetts Topics PART I. Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context · Brief Overview

  18. Using Ontologies for Modeling Context-Aware Services Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Using Ontologies for Modeling Context-Aware Services Platforms Diego Rios1 , Patrícia Dockhorn-aware services platforms. It addresses the directions of research we are following in the WASP (Web Architectures for Services Platforms) project. For this purpose a simple scenario is considered. Keywords. Context

  19. Two-Dimensional Almost-Riemannian Structures with Tangency Points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    of the vector bundle corresponding to the structure. Moreover, we present a Gauss{Bonnet formula for almost the canonical Euclidean structure on R 2 . The model was originally in- troduced in the context of hypoelliptic

  20. Radiative generation of the CPT-even gauge term of the SME from a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Casana; M. M. Ferreira Jr; R. V. Maluf; F. E. P. dos Santos

    2013-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this letter we show for the first time that the usual CPT-even gauge term of the standard model extension (SME) can be radiatively generated, in a gauge invariant level, in the context of a modified QED endowed with a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term recently proposed in the literature. As a consequence, the existing upper bounds on the coefficients of the tensor $(K_{F}) $ can be used improve the bounds on the magnitude of the nonminimal coupling, $\\lambda(K_{F}),$ by the factors $10^{5}$ or $10^{25}.$ The nonminimal coupling also generates higher-order derivative contributions to the gauge field effective action quadratic terms.

  1. Radiative generation of the CPT-even gauge term of the SME from a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casana, R; Maluf, R V; Santos, F E P dos

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this letter we show for the first time that the usual CPT-even gauge term of the standard model extension (SME) can be radiatively generated, \\textbf{}in a gauge invariant level, in the context of a modified QED endowed with a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term recently proposed in the literature. As a consequence, the existing upper bounds on the coefficients of the tensor $(K_{F}) $ can be used improve the bounds on the magnitude of the nonminimal coupling, $\\lambda(K_{F}),$ by the factors $10^{5}$ or $10^{25}.$ The nonminimal coupling also generates higher-order derivative contributions to the gauge field effective action quadratic terms.

  2. President's Message: Mid Term Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Robert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NEWSLETTER President’s Message Mid-Term Report What have wegoals outlined in my first message was to bolster membership

  3. Short-term exploitative competition can explain human foraging patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saavedra, Serguei; Switanek, Nicholas; Uzzi, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory purports that animal foraging choices evolve to maximize returns, such as net energy intake. Empirical research in both human and nonhuman animals reveals that many times foraging choices are context dependent and affected by the foraging choices of others. Yet, broad empirical facts on the link between optimal foraging patterns, competition and context-dependent information are only now emerging due to the complication of gathering field data or constructing experiments. Here, we analyze foraging choices by a cohort of professional day traders who face the trade-off of trading the same stock multiple times in a row---patch exploitation---or switching to a different stock---patch exploration---with potentially higher returns. Our findings indicate that traders' foraging patterns are characterized by short-term comparative returns that decrease in proportion to patch exploitation and exploration, a novel measure that captures the difference between a trader's resource intake and the competitors' expecte...

  4. Long-term environmental stewardship.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagy, Michael David

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Supplemental Information Source Document is to effectively describe Long-Term Environmental Stewardship (LTES) at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). More specifically, this document describes the LTES and Long-Term Stewardship (LTS) Programs, distinguishes between the LTES and LTS Programs, and summarizes the current status of the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project.

  5. Terms & Conditions | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed Donat About Us TedJ. Reuder 2008Terms

  6. Defining, expressing, and using context in a simulation environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummel, J. R.; Christiansen, J. H.

    2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Reuse and interoperability are two keywords in the mantra of the modeling and simulation community. In order to achieve these goals, one must be able to capture, express, and manage the context of individual entities, models, and applications. Capturing the context requires having a thorough understanding of what the entity, model, or application was intended to do and is able to do. While many aspects of context are not easily expressible in a format or language that could be understood and managed in a simulation environment, there are some aspects that can be and the authors discuss how these aspects can be represented in a generalized object-oriented framework.

  7. Long-term drought severity variations in Morocco Jan Esper,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term temperature changes, potentially teleconnected with ENSO variability and forced by solar irradiance changes current conditions in the context of the past millennium [Treydte et al., 2006; Cook et al., 2004; Cook et al., 2002], and allowed spatial patterns of moisture anomalies over the past 150 years

  8. Loan Terms | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy andTerms Loan Terms The following terms are

  9. Constraints in term of stellar internal structure: report Gabrielle Berthomieu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    ://dasgal.obspm.fr/�michel/COROT­ SISMO.html for more information) involved in this theme. During an informal meeting which took place

  10. The Context of Film Production in Nigeria: The Colonial Heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okome, Onookome

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Folklori c Cinema in Nigeria" ( PhD Diuertation, Uni"policy in independent Nigeria has been the entrenchment of aCONTEXT OF FILM PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA: THE COLONIAL HERITAGE

  11. On Systems Generating Context Triggers Through Energy Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanov, Georgi

    and controlled based on the context. SCy-Phy spaces integrate smartness across various domains such as homes, offices, buildings, transportation and logistics, cities. The core idea to SCy-Phy spaces1 is to gather

  12. Exploring the context : a small hotel in Key West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanBeuzekom, Edrick

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a personal method and approach for designing in a delicate context such as the Key West Historic District. This thesis is composed of two parts. The first part presents observations of Key West, focusing ...

  13. A Tree-Based Context Model for Object Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Myung Jin

    2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been a growing interest in exploiting contextual information in addition to local features to detect and localize multiple object categories in an image. A context model can rule out some unlikely combinations ...

  14. Reflective Middleware Solutions for Context-Aware Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    Reflective Middleware Solutions for Context-Aware Applications Licia Capra, Wolfgang Emmerich and Cecilia Mascolo Dept. of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK {L.Capra|W.Emmerich

  15. ADJUSTMENT COEFFICIENT FOR RISK PROCESSES IN SOME DEPENDENT CONTEXTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

    ADJUSTMENT COEFFICIENT FOR RISK PROCESSES IN SOME DEPENDENT CONTEXTS H. COSSETTE, E. MARCEAU, AND V, ruin theory, non para- metric estimation, weak dependence. . 1 #12;2 H. COSSETTE, E. MARCEAU, AND V

  16. ADJUSTMENT COEFFICIENT FOR RISK PROCESSES IN SOME DEPENDENT CONTEXTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ADJUSTMENT COEFFICIENT FOR RISK PROCESSES IN SOME DEPENDENT CONTEXTS H. COSSETTE, E. MARCEAU, AND V" DOI : 10.1007/s11009-010-9182-y #12;2 H. COSSETTE, E. MARCEAU, AND V. MAUME-DESCHAMPS with UTu = u

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Chart Gallery for April 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Jan 2014...

  18. Calendar Year study term 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    laboratory and research facilities Carleton's laboratory and computer facilities are unparalleled association with, government organizations such as the National Research Council Canada. Your co Study Term 5 Dynamics of Machinery Mechanics of Solids II Systems and Simulation Electrical

  19. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  20. Generalized contexts and consistent histories in quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Losada, Marcelo [Instituto de Física Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Laura, Roberto, E-mail: rlaura@fceia.unr.edu.ar [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingeniería y Agrimensura, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Instituto de Física Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze a restriction of the theory of consistent histories by imposing that a valid description of a physical system must include quantum histories which satisfy the consistency conditions for all states. We prove that these conditions are equivalent to imposing the compatibility conditions of our formalism of generalized contexts. Moreover, we show that the theory of consistent histories with the consistency conditions for all states and the formalism of generalized context are equally useful representing expressions which involve properties at different times.

  1. Dynamic context discrimination : psychological evidence for the Sandia Cognitive Framework.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speed, Ann Elizabeth

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human behavior is a function of an iterative interaction between the stimulus environment and past experience. It is not simply a matter of the current stimulus environment activating the appropriate experience or rule from memory (e.g., if it is dark and I hear a strange noise outside, then I turn on the outside lights and investigate). Rather, it is a dynamic process that takes into account not only things one would generally do in a given situation, but things that have recently become known (e.g., there have recently been coyotes seen in the area and one is known to be rabid), as well as other immediate environmental characteristics (e.g., it is snowing outside, I know my dog is outside, I know the police are already outside, etc.). All of these factors combine to inform me of the most appropriate behavior for the situation. If it were the case that humans had a rule for every possible contingency, the amount of storage that would be required to enable us to fluidly deal with most situations we encounter would rapidly become biologically untenable. We can all deal with contingencies like the one above with fairly little effort, but if it isn't based on rules, what is it based on? The assertion of the Cognitive Systems program at Sandia for the past 5 years is that at the heart of this ability to effectively navigate the world is an ability to discriminate between different contexts (i.e., Dynamic Context Discrimination, or DCD). While this assertion in and of itself might not seem earthshaking, it is compelling that this ability and its components show up in a wide variety of paradigms across different subdisciplines in psychology. We begin by outlining, at a high functional level, the basic ideas of DCD. We then provide evidence from several different literatures and paradigms that support our assertion that DCD is a core aspect of cognitive functioning. Finally, we discuss DCD and the computational model that we have developed as an instantiation of DCD in more detail. Before commencing with our overview of DCD, we should note that DCD is not necessarily a theory in the classic sense. Rather, it is a description of cognitive functioning that seeks to unify highly similar findings across a wide variety of literatures. Further, we believe that such convergence warrants a central place in efforts to computationally emulate human cognition. That is, DCD is a general principle of cognition. It is also important to note that while we are drawing parallels across many literatures, these are functional parallels and are not necessarily structural ones. That is, we are not saying that the same neural pathways are involved in these phenomena. We are only saying that the different neural pathways that are responsible for the appearance of these various phenomena follow the same functional rules - the mechanisms are the same even if the physical parts are distinct. Furthermore, DCD is not a causal mechanism - it is an emergent property of the way the brain is constructed. DCD is the result of neurophysiology (cf. John, 2002, 2003). Finally, it is important to note that we are not proposing a generic learning mechanism such that one biological algorithm can account for all situation interpretation. Rather, we are pointing out that there are strikingly similar empirical results across a wide variety of disciplines that can be understood, in part, by similar cognitive processes. It is entirely possible, even assumed in some cases (i.e., primary language acquisition) that these more generic cognitive processes are complemented and constrained by various limits which may or may not be biological in nature (cf. Bates & Elman, 1996; Elman, in press).

  2. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  3. Dynamic Recovery in Silicate-Apatite Structures Under Irradiation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Recovery in Silicate-Apatite Structures Under Irradiation and Implications for Long-Term Immobilization of Actinides. Dynamic Recovery in Silicate-Apatite Structures Under...

  4. Long-Term Stewardship Study

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy andTerms Loan TermsLong Island HTSand

  5. A viewpoint on the approval context of strategic environmental assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kontic, Branko; Kontic, Davor, E-mail: davor.kontic@ijs.si

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A reflection on the last report from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the application and effectiveness of the Directive on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is provided. It covers the inadequacies of the approval/permitting context of SEA, which appears to be increasingly applied by a significant number of Member States in recent years. A viewpoint is provided on the main deficiencies of such praxis. As a practical defence of the planning context of SEA, the authors propose that the EC should consider a clear recommendation to Member States to cease performing SEA in the approval/permitting context until proper amendments to the SEA Directive are made and implemented. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Administrative and permitting context of SEA, has ousted the primary environmental impact assessment goal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The approval context moves from the environmental protection to the area of political power and economy. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA and EIA are misused. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Environmental evaluations should be used for improving the projects/plans/programmes and not for permitting them.

  6. Long-Term Stewardship Baseline Report and Transition Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kristofferson, Keith

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term stewardship consists of those actions necessary to maintain and demonstrate continued protection of human health and the environment after facility cleanup is complete. As the Department of Energy’s (DOE) lead laboratory for environmental management programs, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) administers DOE’s long-term stewardship science and technology efforts. The INEEL provides DOE with technical, and scientific expertise needed to oversee its long-term environmental management obligations complexwide. Long-term stewardship is administered and overseen by the Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology. The INEEL Long-Term Stewardship Program is currently developing the management structures and plans to complete INEEL-specific, long-term stewardship obligations. This guidance document (1) assists in ensuring that the program leads transition planning for the INEEL with respect to facility and site areas and (2) describes the classes and types of criteria and data required to initiate transition for areas and sites where the facility mission has ended and cleanup is complete. Additionally, this document summarizes current information on INEEL facilities, structures, and release sites likely to enter long-term stewardship at the completion of DOE’s cleanup mission. This document is not intended to function as a discrete checklist or local procedure to determine readiness to transition. It is an overarching document meant as guidance in implementing specific transition procedures. Several documents formed the foundation upon which this guidance was developed. Principal among these documents was the Long-Term Stewardship Draft Technical Baseline; A Report to Congress on Long-Term Stewardship, Volumes I and II; Infrastructure Long-Range Plan; Comprehensive Facility Land Use Plan; INEEL End-State Plan; and INEEL Institutional Plan.

  7. Development of a Context Aware Virtual Smart Home Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Nguyen, Tam; Choi, Deokjai

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context awareness is the most important research area in ubiquitous computing. In particular, for smart home, context awareness attempts to bring the best services to the home habitants. However, the implementation in the real environment is not easy and takes a long time from building the scratch. Thus, to support the implementation in the real smart home, it is necessary to demonstrate that thing can be done in the simulator in which context information can be created by virtual sensors instead of physical sensors. In this paper, we propose ISS, an Interactive Smart home Simulator system aiming at controlling and simulating the behavior of an intelligent house. The developed system aims to provide architects, designers a simulation and useful tool for understanding the interaction between environment, people and the impact of embedded and pervasive technology on in daily life. In this research, the smart house is considered as an environment made up of independent and distributed devices interacting to supp...

  8. Structural health monitoring for ship structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Angel, Marian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bement, Matthew [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salvino, Liming [NSWC, CADEROCK

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently the Office of Naval Research is supporting the development of structural health monitoring (SHM) technology for U.S. Navy ship structures. This application is particularly challenging because of the physical size of these structures, the widely varying and often extreme operational and environmental conditions associated with these ships missions, lack of data from known damage conditions, limited sensing that was not designed specifically for SHM, and the management of the vast amounts of data that can be collected during a mission. This paper will first define a statistical pattern recognition paradigm for SHM by describing the four steps of (1) Operational Evaluation, (2) Data Acquisition, (3) Feature Extraction, and (4) Statistical Classification of Features as they apply to ship structures. Note that inherent in the last three steps of this process are additional tasks of data cleansing, compression, normalization and fusion. The presentation will discuss ship structure SHM challenges in the context of applying various SHM approaches to sea trials data measured on an aluminum multi-hull high-speed ship, the HSV-2 Swift. To conclude, the paper will discuss several outstanding issues that need to be addressed before SHM can make the transition from a research topic to actual field applications on ship structures and suggest approaches for addressing these issues.

  9. Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Short term forecasting of solar radiation based on satellite data Elke Lorenz, Annette Hammer University, D-26111 Oldenburg Forecasting of solar irradiance will become a major issue in the future integration of solar energy resources into existing energy supply structures. Fluctuations of solar irradiance

  10. The Realization of Scalar Inferences: Context Sensitivity without Processing Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politzer-Ahles, Stephen; Fiorentino, Robert

    2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ]. Breheny, Katsos, and Williams ([17]; hereafter ‘‘BKW’’) performed such an experiment: they compared reading times to the Greek equivalent of some of in contexts that bias readers towards making the implicature (‘‘upper-bound’’ contexts, where what.... Lower-bound: Mary was surprised to see John cleaning his apartment and she asked the reason why. John told her that he intended to host some of his relatives. The rest would stay in a nearby hotel. BKW found slower reading times to some of in the upper...

  11. Maximum Entropy Method Approach to $?$ Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Imachi; Yasuhiko Shinno; Hiroshi Yoneyama

    2004-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In Monte Carlo simulations of lattice field theory with a $\\theta$ term, one confronts the complex weight problem, or the sign problem. This is circumvented by performing the Fourier transform of the topological charge distribution $P(Q)$. This procedure, however, causes flattening phenomenon of the free energy $f(\\theta)$, which makes study of the phase structure unfeasible. In order to treat this problem, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to a Gaussian form of $P(Q)$, which serves as a good example to test whether the MEM can be applied effectively to the $\\theta$ term. We study the case with flattening as well as that without flattening. In the latter case, the results of the MEM agree with those obtained from the direct application of the Fourier transform. For the former, the MEM gives a smoother $f(\\theta)$ than that of the Fourier transform. Among various default models investigated, the images which yield the least error do not show flattening, although some others cannot be excluded given the uncertainty related to statistical error.

  12. Outstanding Long-Term Liabilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomass and Biofuels BiomassOutstanding-Long-Term-Liabilities Sign

  13. Context and Mythology John Duda john@manifestor.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    of meaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2 The crisis at the heart of meaning, the crisis is the heart in his The Crisis of European Sciences and the work of Roland Barthes in ``Myth Today''. 1 #12; Contents 1 Context as the Ground of Meaning 3 1.1 The Crisis of the `Insu#ciency' of Expression

  14. Context and Mythology John Duda john@manifestor.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    of meaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.2 The crisis at the heart of meaning, the crisis is the heart in his The Crisis of European Sciences and the work of Roland Barthes in "Myth Today". 1 #12;Contents 1 Context as the Ground of Meaning 3 1.1 The Crisis of the `Insufficiency' of Expression

  15. Paper #32 1 Social Context: Supporting Interaction Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jun

    environments, certain entities (or actors) often need to interact with each other in achieving a joint goal to adapt to changes in the operating environment and user requirements. In these early days of ubiquitousPaper #32 1 Social Context: Supporting Interaction Awareness in Ubiquitous Environments Minh H

  16. Multiple Blind Watermarking in the DRM-Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhl, Andreas

    Multiple Blind Watermarking in the DRM-Context #12;#12;Multiple Blind Watermarking in the DRM have helped me throughout my master thesis in one or the other way. I want to thank my supervisor Andreas Uhl who guided me through my master thesis and supported me much more than a supervisor has to. I

  17. A Context-aware Approach to Wireless Transmission Adaptation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    ebelding@cs.ucsb.edu Abstract--Recent advancements in wireless transmission have enabled networksA Context-aware Approach to Wireless Transmission Adaptation Veljko Pejovic University with a high level of physical layer flexibility. Unfortunately, these new opportunities are not harnessed

  18. The Cricket Compass for ContextAware Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cricket Compass for Context­Aware Mobile Applications Nissanka B. Priyantha, Allen K. L. Miu compass, knowledge of orientation through the Cricket com- pass attached to a mobile device enhances, and \\augmented-reality" displays. Our compass infrastructure enhances the spatial inference capability

  19. An Ultrasonic Compass for Context-Aware Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Ultrasonic Compass for Context-Aware Mobile Applications by Kevin John Wang Submitted by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;2 #12;An Ultrasonic Compass in the Cricket system. I design and implement a prototype of this Cricket Compass using a combination of hardware

  20. Improving Access to Environmental Data using Context Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, John

    , governments have recognized that environmental information could have a pro- found impact on our abilityImproving Access to Environmental Data using Context Information Anthony Tomasic INRIA Rocquencourt they want to search and use environmental information. In this paper, we analyze these problems. We describe

  1. Business Activities in an Industrial Context Boris Gruschko1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    Business Activities in an Industrial Context Boris Gruschko1 , Friedrich H. Vogt1 , Simon for an encapsulated business activity, hidden behind a well-defined interface. This abstraction fosters the view of complex business activities, as interactions between Services, allowing for an agile business activity

  2. On the effective Liapunov exponent in the tokamak context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the effective Liapunov exponent in the tokamak context A. Maluckov 1 Faculty of Sciences with positive Liapunov exponent and statistics of the Liapunov exponents. Three models relevant for tokamak in the stochastic magnetic field [6,7], ergodic divertor problem [8,9], the radial heat diffusion in the tokamak

  3. Context-Based Vision System for Place and Object Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torralba, Antonio

    2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    While navigating in an environment, a vision system has to be able to recognize where it is and what the main objects in the scene are. In this paper we present a context-based vision system for place and object ...

  4. Solar: An Open Platform for Context-Aware Mobile Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotz, David

    Solar: An Open Platform for Context-Aware Mobile Applications Guanling Chen and David Kotz Dept the user state and the physical and computational environ- ment in which they run. Solar is a middleware into the in- frastructure, Solar allows applications to run on thin mo- bile clients more effectively

  5. Leadership in Professional Contexts PG Certificate/Diploma/MSc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    Leadership in Professional Contexts PG Certificate/Diploma/MSc The University of Aberdeen in developing their leadership and management skills. Central to the programme is a menu of University based modules. Participants will also be encouraged to engage with leadership development opportunities provided

  6. Hot context for organizational learning Charlotte FILLOL, Phd Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Hot context for organizational learning Charlotte FILLOL, Phd Student CREPA, Research center.fillol@dauphine.fr ABSTRACT The organizational learning, studied in resource-based view, is a strategic resource (Wernerfelt 1999, Heraty 2005), and encouraging organizational learning become major issues in management sciences

  7. NRE 509: Ecology: Science of Context and Interaction (2012) Instructors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 NRE 509: Ecology: Science of Context and Interaction (2012) Instructors William S. Currie in the MS program in NRE. It covers a wide range of topics in ecology, biogeochemistry, and global change some prior instruction in these areas. It covers basic ecological concepts and processes including

  8. Industrialization and manufacturing steps within the Global Product Lifecycle context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    steps within the Product Life cycle Management (PLM) context. Initially, PLM was focused almost. In the same time, the industrialization and the manufacturing are not sufficiently integrated into the PLM solutions. Actually, there is much to be gained by extending the coverage of PLM to production stage

  9. Industrialization and manufacturing steps within the Global Product Lifecycle context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    steps within the Product Life cycle Management (PLM) context. Initially, PLM was focused almost. In the same time, the industrialization and the production are not sufficiently integrated into the PLM solutions. Currently, there is much to be gained by extending the coverage of PLM to production step

  10. LES OUTILS DE CONTROLE DE GESTION DANS LE CONTEXTE DES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    LES OUTILS DE CONTROLE DE GESTION DANS LE CONTEXTE DES PME : CAS DES PMI AU LIBAN Numéro d différents outils de contrôle de gestion utilisés dans les PMI libanaises et plus précisément, d gestion ­ outil de contrôle ­ calcul de coût Key words: SME - management control - cost control

  11. FORMATION GESTION DU STRESS CONTEXTE, PUBLIC, FINALITE DE LA FORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    FORMATION GESTION DU STRESS CONTEXTE, PUBLIC, FINALITE DE LA FORMATION La vie moderne et le stress : mettre en place des stratégies de gestion , étudier quelques aspects essentiels de la et cas cliniques composés par les participants ou fournis par le formateur . - Jeux de rôle en sous

  12. Context-Aware Query Classification Huanhuan Cao1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    Context-Aware Query Classification Huanhuan Cao1 Derek Hao Hu2 Dou Shen3 Daxin Jiang4 Jian-Tao Sun {derekhh, qyang}@cse.ust.hk 3,4 {doushen, djiang, jtsun}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Understanding users' search become one of the most popular tools for Web users to find their desired information. As a result

  13. Mobile Context-based Ride Sharing Alireza Sahami Shirazi12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in groups to share cars (car pooling), taxis, or (group) tickets for trains. How- ever, ad hoc situations (eMobile Context-based Ride Sharing Alireza Sahami Shirazi12 , Thomas Kubitza1 , Florian Alt1 to that people are preferring to use cars, air pollution, traffic jams, and high cost due to fuel price

  14. Spectrum tailoring of the neutron energy spectrum in the context of delayed neutron detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koehler, William E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Steve J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Nathan P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Mike L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the purpose of measuring plutonium mass in spent fuel, a delayed neutron instrument is of particular interest since, if properly designed, the delayed neutron signal from {sup 235}U is significantly stronger than the signature from {sup 239}Pu or {sup 241}Pu. A key factor in properly designing a delayed neutron instrument is to minimize the fission of {sup 238}U. This minimization is achieved by keeping the interrogating neutron spectrum below {approx} 1 MeV. In the context of spent fuel measurements it is desirable to use a 14 MeV (deuterium and tritium) neutron generator for economic reasons. Spectrum tailoring is the term used to describe the inclusion of material between the 14 MeV neutrons and the interrogated object that lower the neutron energy through nuclear reactions and moderation. This report quantifies the utility of different material combination for spectrum tailoring.

  15. Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms of Reference Agency...

  16. Structuring Structural Operational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousavi, Mohammad

    aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, op gezag van de Rector Magnificus, prof.dr.ir. C.J. van.A. Reniers CIP­DATA LIBRARY TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN Mousavi, MohammadReza Structuring Structural Operational Semantics / MohammadReza Mousavi. ­ Eindhoven : Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2005

  17. Structuring Structural Operational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reniers, Michel

    aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, op gezag van de Rector Magnificus, prof.dr.ir. C.J. van.A. Reniers CIP-DATA LIBRARY TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN Mousavi, MohammadReza Structuring Structural Operational Semantics / MohammadReza Mousavi. - Eindhoven : Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2005

  18. ammonia policy context: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and online drugstores. Index Terms Reeves, Douglas S. 46 Energy Savings from Floating Head Pressure in Ammonia Refrigeration Systems Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary:...

  19. Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijayakumar, Sethu

    Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts Georgios Petkos for adaptive motor control exist which learn the system's inverse dynamics online and use this single model;II Command Context 1 Context 2 Dynamics models Context n Control Learning Commands Switch / Mix

  20. Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Marc

    Learning Multiple Models of Non-Linear Dynamics for Control under Varying Contexts Georgios Petkos for adaptive motor control exist which learn the system's inverse dynamics online and use this single model version - to appear in ICANN 2006 #12;II Command Context 1 Context 2 Dynamics models Context n Control

  1. Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term Durability of Advanced Aftertreatment Systems Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...

  2. Long-Term Environmental Stewardship

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLogging in Logging inLogisticsLongLong-Term

  3. Standard Terms and Conditions | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarshipSpiraling Laser Pulses Could VideoAboutStandard Terms

  4. Analysis of blast mitigation strategies exploiting fluid-structure interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambouchev, Nayden Dimitrov, 1980-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blast attacks have become the most pervasive threat in both civil and military contexts. However, there is currently a limited understanding of the mechanisms of loading, damage and failure of structures, and injury to ...

  5. Assessment for the extended uses of historic structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Geoffrey John

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis constructs a tool for assessing the interventions required to extend the use of historic properties in historic districts. The continued use of these structures, either historically noteworthy or important as contributing to the context...

  6. Heparin and Heparan Sulfate: Analyzing Structure and Microheterogeneity [chapter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shriver, Zachary H.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural microheterogeneity of heparin and heparan sulfate is one of the major reasons for the multifunctionality exhibited by this class of molecules. In a physiological context, these molecules primarily exert their ...

  7. Assessment for the extended uses of historic structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Geoffrey John

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis constructs a tool for assessing the interventions required to extend the use of historic properties in historic districts. The continued use of these structures, either historically noteworthy or important as contributing to the context...

  8. A Taxonomy and Evaluation for Systems Analysis Methodologies in a Workflow Context: Structured Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Systems Analysis Design Method (SSADM), Unified Modelling Language (UML), Unified Process, Soft Systems taxonomy dealing with both hard- and soft-system aspects. The results show that there is no methodology that covers all of the taxonomic aspects identified. Organisational Process Modelling (OPM) and Soft Systems

  9. Structure of the EGF receptor transactivation circuit integrates with cell context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joslin, Elizabeth J.

    Transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is thought to be a process by which a variety of cellular inputs can be integrated into a single signaling pathway through either stimulated proteolysis ...

  10. Structure, function and context : the impact of morphometry and ecology on olfactory sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Jennifer, 1974-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, the relationships of olfactory sensitivity to three biological variables were tested. The sensitivity of a marine mammal, the sea otter (Enhydra lutris) was measured in order to determine whether a marine ...

  11. Structure of the EGF receptor transactivation circuit integrates multiple signals with cell context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joslin, Elizabeth J.; Shankaran, Harish; Opresko, Lee K.; Bollinger, Nikki; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Wiley, H. S.

    2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been proposed to be a mechanism by which a variety of cellular inputs can be integrated into a single signaling pathway, but the regulatory topology of this important system is unclear. To understand the transactivation circuit, we first created a “non-binding” reporter for ligand shedding. We then quantitatively defined how signals from multiple agonists were integrated both upstream and downstream of the EGFR into the extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) cascade in human mammary epithelial cells. We found that transactivation is mediated by a recursive autocrine circuit where ligand shedding drives EGFR-stimulated ERK that in turn drives further ligand shedding. The time from shedding to ERK activation is fast (<5 min) whereas the recursive feedback is slow (>15 min). Simulations showed that this delay in positive feedback greatly enhanced system stability and robustness. Our results indicate that the transactivation circuit is constructed so that the magnitude of ERK signaling is governed by the sum of multiple direct inputs, while recursive, autocrine ligand shedding controls signal duration.

  12. The Grammar of Tolerance: On Vagueness, Context-Sensitivity, and the Origin of Scale Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnett, Heather Susan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    so useful for modelling natural language. We already argueda framework for modelling vague language. The framework isfor modelling the properties of vague language that I will

  13. Gasoline price spikes and regional gasoline context regulations : a structural approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muehlegger, Erich J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1999, gasoline prices in California, Illinois and Wisconsin have spiked occasionally well above gasoline prices in nearby states. In May and June 2000, for example, gasoline prices in Chicago rose twenty eight cents ...

  14. Level of processing and list structure as moderating variables in context-dependent recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vela, Eddie

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for target information. It is equally important to note, however, that environmental potentiation does not guarantee an instantiation of increased memory performance with environmental reinstatement. Environmental p t ti ti i i t d d to de t ii th p t ti... is posited to be effective in prompting recall and recognition only if it was encoded with target information at the time of learning. An important point, however, is what this positon does not posit. Consistent with the notion of environmental...

  15. Specification and Verification of Context-dependent Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibrahim, Naseem; Mohammad, Mubarak; 10.4204/EPTCS.61.2

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current approaches for the discovery, specification, and provision of services ignore the relationship between the service contract and the conditions in which the service can guarantee its contract. Moreover, they do not use formal methods for specifying services, contracts, and compositions. Without a formal basis it is not possible to justify through formal verification the correctness conditions for service compositions and the satisfaction of contractual obligations in service provisions. We remedy this situation in this paper. We present a formal definition of services with context-dependent contracts. We define a composition theory of services with context-dependent contracts taking into consideration functional, nonfunctional, legal and contextual information. Finally, we present a formal verification approach that transforms the formal specification of service composition into extended timed automata that can be verified using the model checking tool UPPAAL.

  16. Suggested Treatment of CHP Within an EERS Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittum, A.; Elliott, R. N.; Trombley, D.; Watson, S.

    Discussion Draft: Do not cite SUGGESTED TREATMENT OF CHP WITHIN AN EERS CONTEXT Anna Chittum Research Associate R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Director for Research Dan Trombley Engineering Associate Suzanne Watson Policy... Director American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Washington, DC ABSTRACT Reliable monitoring and measurement of the energy savings resulting from the installation of combined heat and power (CHP) systems and power recovered from waste...

  17. Commande des liaisons HVDC dans un contexte reseau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Commande des liaisons HVDC dans un contexte r´eseau Leyla Arioua , Bogdan Marinescu , Eric´esum´e : Maintes solutions ont ´et´e propos´ees afin de contr^oler les liaisons `a courant continu (HVDC Matlab ainsi qu'Eurostag pour des syst`emes de grande dimension. Mots-cl´es: HVDC, stabilit´e transitoire

  18. Environmental indicators of biofuel sustainability: What about context?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Bielicki, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Smith, Raymond [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indicators of the environmental sustainability of biofuel production, distribution, and use should be selected, measured, and interpreted with respect to the context in which they are used. These indicators include measures of soil quality, water quality and quantity, greenhouse-gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and vegetation productivity. Contextual considerations include the purpose for the sustainability analysis, the particular biofuel production and distribution system (including supply chain, management aspects, and system viability), policy conditions, stakeholder values, location, temporal influences, spatial scale, baselines, and reference scenarios. Recommendations presented in this paper include formulating the problem for particular analyses, selecting appropriate context-specific indicators of environmental sustainability, and developing indicators that can reflect multiple environmental properties at low cost within a defined context. In addition, contextual considerations such as technical objectives, varying values and perspectives of stakeholder groups, and availability and reliability of data need to be understood and considered. Sustainability indicators for biofuels are most useful if adequate historical data are available, information can be collected at appropriate spatial and temporal scales, organizations are committed to use indicator information in the decision-making process, and indicators can effectively guide behavior toward more sustainable practices.

  19. Reducing Coalition Structures via Agreement Specification Guido Boella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    on multiagent systems: a mind structure, a power structure, a dependence structure and a coalition structure systems General Terms MAS theory Keywords Coalition formation, power theory 1. INTRODUCTION The concept agents. In [1] we propose a way to define coalition structures from power structures. In this paper we

  20. Recent advances in ceramic joining in the context of the needs of CFCC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, R.B. [Ames Lab., IA (United States); Jonkouski, J.E. [Department of Energy, Argonne, IL (United States); Rabin, B.H. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a part of the DOE Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials, a distributed activity coupling twelve national laboratories, research in the joining of ceramics to ceramics and to dissimilar materials is in progress. Included are activities involving reaction bonding, displacement reactions, transient liquid phases, polymeric precursors, and functionally graded joints. A discussion of particular needs associated with the joining of continuous fiber ceramic composites (CFCCs), encountered in the design of structural systems to demonstrate their performance at elevated temperatures, will first be presented. This will be followed by a presentation of initial results obtained in evaluating the above joining technologies in the context of the CFCC joining needs.

  1. The Gospel of Jesus' Wife: Constructing a Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gathercole, Simon

    2015-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    to the more renowned Priscilla than vice versa (Tabbernee, Fake Prophecy, 118). 9 to the twelve, who at least in the dialogue about their status relative to Mary are much more benighted.30 2. A Linguistic and Text-Historical Context for the Influence... ’ Marital Status It appears that the main point of our GJW fragment is to reject a view which excludes a Mary (probably Mary Magdalene) from discipleship, perhaps with a wider application to the discipleship of women in general: line 2 (‘the disciples...

  2. Total termination of term rewriting is undecidable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Total termination of term rewriting is undecidable Hans Zantema Utrecht University, Department Usually termination of term rewriting systems (TRS's) is proved by means of a monotonic well­founded order. If this order is total on ground terms, the TRS is called totally terminating. In this paper we prove that total

  3. Hierarchical Network Structure Promotes Dynamical Robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron Smith; Raymond S. Puzio; Aviv Bergman

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis of dynamical systems that attempts to model chemical reaction, gene-regulatory, population, and ecosystem networks all rely on models having interacting components. When the details of these interactions are unknown for biological systems of interest, one effective approach is to study the dynamical properties of an ensemble of models determined by evolutionary constraints that may apply to all such systems. One such constraint is that of dynamical robustness. Despite previous investigations, the relationship between dynamical robustness-an important functional characteristic of many biological systems-and network structure is poorly understood. Here we analyze the stability and robustness of a large class of dynamical systems and demonstrate that the most hierarchical network structures, those equivalent to the total ordering, are the most robust. In particular, we determine the probability distribution of robustness over system connectivity and show that robustness is maximized by maximizing the number of links between strongly connected components of the graph representing the underlying system connectivity. We demonstrate that this can be understood in terms of the fact that permutation of strongly connected components is a fundamental symmetry of dynamical robustness, which applies to networks of any number of components and is independent of the distribution from which the strengths of interconnection among components are sampled. The classification of dynamical robustness based upon a purely topological property provides a fundamental organizing principle that can be used in the context of experimental validation to select among models that break or preserve network hierarchy. This result contributes to an explanation for the observation of hierarchical modularity in biological networks at all scales.

  4. Shell Gas to Liquids in the context of a Future Fuel Strategy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shell Gas to Liquids in the context of a Future Fuel Strategy - Technical Marketing Aspects Shell Gas to Liquids in the context of a Future Fuel Strategy - Technical Marketing...

  5. Spatiotemporal nutrient loading to Cultus Lake: Context for eutrophication and implications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatiotemporal nutrient loading to Cultus Lake: Context for eutrophication and implications of Thesis: Spatiotemporal nutrient loading to Cultus Lake: Context for eutrophication and implications Cultus Lake, British Columbia experiences significant anthropogenic nutrient loadings and eutrophication

  6. Hydrology and channel form of an urban creek : Rheem Creek in the context of restoration efforts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balazs, Carolina; Lang, Micah

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Reach 3 Hydrology and Channel Form of an Urban Creek:Rheem Creek in the Context of Restoration Efforts CarolinaChannel Form of an Urban Creek: Rheem Creek in the Context

  7. A Corticostriatal Neural System Enhances Auditory Perception through Temporal Context Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiser, Eveline

    The temporal context of an acoustic signal can greatly influence its perception. The present study investigated the neural correlates underlying perceptual facilitation by regular temporal contexts in humans. Participants ...

  8. The Relationship between Students’ Verbal and Nonverbal Test Scores within the Context of Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaya, Fatih

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    –achievement relationship within the context of poverty. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the verbal and the nonverbal scores of students within the context of poverty. The study investigated how students’ verbal and nonverbal scores...

  9. Learning physics in context: a study of student learning about electricity and magnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    re-centres the discussion of student learning in physics to focus on context. In order to do soLearning physics in context: a study of student learning about electricity and magnetism This paper and inextricable role of context in student learning. This work sits within a broader effort to create and analyze

  10. Toward a Revision for Multi-Context Systems Aldo Franco Dragoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toward a Revision for Multi-Context Systems Aldo Franco Dragoni Computer Science Institute agents mental states' architecture, no revision methods for multi-context systems have been proposed by multi-context systems, and then we propose an extension of a basic belief revision framework to multi

  11. Non-Droop Methods for Context-Sensitive Sharing in Multi-Module Switching Converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Jonathan W.

    Non-Droop Methods for Context-Sensitive Sharing in Multi-Module Switching Converters Philip T droop or voltage droop controls support context-sensitive sharing. Droop gains can be set readily is to elucidate non-droop approaches that support context-sensitive sharing in various modular converter

  12. SmartTecO: Context-Based Ambient Sensing and Monitoring for Optimizing Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigl, Michael

    SmartTecO: Context-Based Ambient Sensing and Monitoring for Optimizing Energy Consumption Yong Ding networks and a context awareness system, the acquired data will be interpreted into different energy the actuation mod- ule a certain context, which allows managing and saving the energy consumption of home

  13. DynamicSchema: A Lightweight Persistency Framework for Context-Oriented Data Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for the problem of context-oriented data management, using a concrete example of a mobile application. WeDynamicSchema: A Lightweight Persistency Framework for Context-Oriented Data Management Sergio While context-oriented programming technology so far has focused mostly on behavioral adaptation

  14. A personal context-aware multi-device coaching service that supports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    A personal context-aware multi-device coaching service that supports a healthy lifestyle Rieks op devices and situations. e-health, multi-device networked, context-aware, personal, adaptive services system and the interactions that users 1 #12;A personal context-aware multi-device healthy life coach R

  15. Long-term contracts and asset specificity revisited : an empirical analysis of producer-importer relations in the natural gas industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Anne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we analyze structural changes in long-term contracts in the international trade of natural gas. Using a unique data set of 262 long-term contracts between natural gas producers and importers, we estimate the ...

  16. Hessian structures, Euler vector fields, and thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Á. García-Ariza

    2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a geometric structure which generalizes that of thermodynamics is presented; spaces of equilibrium states are portrayed as a particular case of the former. For this end, concepts like Euler vector field and extensive function, which are usual in thermodynamics, are introduced in a wider context.

  17. MONITORING THE LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uranium Mill; W. J. Waugh

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of root intrusion on the performance of the uranium mill tailings disposal cell at Burrell, Pennsylvania, were evaluated. The intended design life of the disposal cell is 200 to 1,000 years. Within 3 years after construction, a diverse plant community established on the rock cover of the disposal cell. Within 10 years, Japanese knotweed, an exotic perennial, had rooted through the rock layer and an underlying 90-centimeter compacted clay layer. Air-entry permeameters were used to measure the in situ saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) of the compacted clay. The Ksat averaged 3.0? 105 centimeter per second (cm/s) at locations where Japanese knotweed roots penetrated the clay layer compared to 2.9? 107 cm/s at locations where there were no plants. The weighted-average Ksat for the 6-acre cover, calculated using the leaf area index for Japanese knotweed, was 4.4? 106 cm/s. At a nearby site with a subsoil consisting of the same type of clay, the Ksat of the subsoil averaged 1.3? 104 cm/s. Earthworm holes, root channels, and structural planes all contributed to macropore flow of water in the subsoil. This nearby site was considered to be a reasonable analog of the long-term condition of the Burrell disposal cell cover. These results indicate that if the ecological consequences of a landfill cover design are not considered during the design process, the establishment of deep-rooted vegetation can degrade low-permeable barriers. At Burrell, because of low-radioactivity levels in the tailings, root intrusion is not expected to adversely influence human health or the environment.

  18. HTGR Mechanistic Source Terms White Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne Moe

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purposes of this white paper are: (1) to describe the proposed approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms for HTGR design and licensing, (2) to describe the technology development programs required to validate the design methods used to predict these mechanistic source terms and (3) to obtain agreement from the NRC that, subject to appropriate validation through the technology development program, the approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms is acceptable

  19. Effectiveness of State-Level Policies on Solar Market Development in Different State Contexts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D.; Doris, E.; Krasko, V.; Hillman, D.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to public interest in customer-sited distributed solar photovoltaics (PV), state and local policymakers have implemented policy initiatives with the goal of encouraging private investment and building a robust PV market. Policymakers face challenges, including limited budgets and incomplete information about the effectiveness of the various policy options in their specific situation, in crafting and executing policy that supports market development goals. Recent work investigated the effect of the order in which policies are implemented (referred to as 'policy stacking') and the presence of low-cost enabling policies, such as interconnection standards and net metering, can have on the success of states in promoting PV markets. Findings indicate that implementation of interconnection standards and policy related to the valuation of excess electricity (e.g., net metering), along with indicators of long term government support for a solar PV market (e.g., RPS) and a non-policy determinant (population), explain about 70% of the variation among states in new PV capacity. This paper builds on that research to determine the most effective policy strategies for different types of states, as determined by their physical, demographic and macroeconomic context. A number of researchers have investigated the effectiveness of state-level policy using various statistical methods to determine relationships between installed solar PV projects and policy initiatives. In this study, the grouping of states by non-policy factors adds dimension to these analyses by identifying how policies function in different non-policy environments.

  20. Context-sensitive Spelling Correction Using Google Web 1T 5-Gram Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassil, Youssef; 10.5539/cis.v5n3p37

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In computing, spell checking is the process of detecting and sometimes providing spelling suggestions for incorrectly spelled words in a text. Basically, a spell checker is a computer program that uses a dictionary of words to perform spell checking. The bigger the dictionary is, the higher is the error detection rate. The fact that spell checkers are based on regular dictionaries, they suffer from data sparseness problem as they cannot capture large vocabulary of words including proper names, domain-specific terms, technical jargons, special acronyms, and terminologies. As a result, they exhibit low error detection rate and often fail to catch major errors in the text. This paper proposes a new context-sensitive spelling correction method for detecting and correcting non-word and real-word errors in digital text documents. The approach hinges around data statistics from Google Web 1T 5-gram data set which consists of a big volume of n-gram word sequences, extracted from the World Wide Web. Fundamentally, the...

  1. Stability of Horava-Lifshitz Black Holes in the Context of AdS/CFT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, Yen Chin; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U.; Chen, Pisin; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC

    2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence is a powerful tool that promises to provide new insights toward a full understanding of field theories under extreme conditions, including but not limited to quark-gluon plasma, Fermi liquid, and superconductor. In many such applications, one typically models the field theory with asymptotically AdS black holes. These black holes are subjected to stringy effects that might render them unstable. Horava-Lifshitz gravity, in which space and time undergo different transformations, has attracted attention due to its power-counting renormalizability. In terms of AdS/CFT correspondence, Horava-Lifshitz black holes might be useful to model holographic superconductors with Lifshitz scaling symmetry. It is thus interesting to study the stringy stability of Horava-Lifshitz black holes in the context of AdS/CFT. We find that uncharged topological black holes in {lambda} = 1 Horava-Lifshitz theory are nonperturbatively stable, unlike their counterparts in Einstein gravity, with the possible exceptions of negatively curved black holes with detailed balance parameter {epsilon} close to unity. Sufficiently charged flat black holes for {epsilon} close to unity, and sufficiently charged positively curved black holes with {epsilon} close to zero, are also unstable. The implication to the Horava-Lifshitz holographic superconductor is discussed.

  2. University of Pittsburgh SUMMER TERM HOUSING APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    SUMMER TERM HOUSING/FOOD SERVICES CONTRACT/Food Services Contract (this "Contract") is made by and between the University of Pittsburgh

  3. Variable cosmological term - geometry and physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Dymnikova

    2000-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the dynamics of a cosmological term in the spherically symmetric case by an r-dependent second rank symmetric tensor \\Lambda_{\\mu\

  4. STACE: Source Term Analyses for Containment Evaluations of transport casks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seager, K. D.; Gianoulakis, S. E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Barrett, P. R.; Rashid, Y. R. [ANATECH Research Corp., La Jolla, CA (United States); Reardon, P. C. [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the guidance of ANSI N14.5, the STACE methodology provides a technically defensible means for estimating maximum permissible leakage rates. These containment criteria attempt to reflect the true radiological hazard by performing a detailed examination of the spent fuel, CRUD, and residual contamination contributions to the releasable source term. The evaluation of the spent fuel contribution to the source term has been modeled fairly accurately using the STACE methodology. The structural model predicts the cask drop load history, the mechanical response of the fuel assembly, and the probability of cladding breach. These data are then used to predict the amount of fission gas, volatile species, and fuel fines that are releasable from the cask. There are some areas where data are sparse or lacking (e.g., the quantity and size distribution of fuel rod breaches) in which experimental validation is planned. The CRUD spallation fraction is the major area where no quantitative data has been found; therefore, this also requires experimental validation. In the interim, STACE conservatively assumes a 100% spallation fraction for computing the releasable activity. The source term methodology also conservatively assumes that there is 1 Ci of residual contamination available for release in the transport cask. However, residual contamination is still by far the smallest contributor to the source term activity.

  5. Can electrical resistivity tomography describe soil structure Anatja Samoulian1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    agricultural practices such as reduced tillage or no-tillage, soil structure mostly regenerates via natural. In the context of arable land, soil structure can be compacted due to either agriculture operation (wheel tracks artificial cracks are generated. Electrodes built with 2 mm ceramic cups permit a good electrical contact

  6. annealed si structures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alignments when matching protein structures. The method use mean-field annealing optimization of fuzzy alignment variables, based on a cost expressed in terms of distances...

  7. CCPExecutiveSummary The Long-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    of intermittent renewable are built in Great Britain. The implications of the model for operating patternsCCPExecutiveSummary March 2011 The Long-term Impact of Wind Power W: www.uea.ac.uk/ccp T: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ The Long-term Impact of Wind Power on Electricity Prices and Generating

  8. Winter Term University of Oldenburg (Core Provider)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habel, Annegret

    Evaluation Modul Winter Term Titel Wind Energy Wind Energy I Wind Tutorial Wind Energy Systems Wind Energy Conversion (Lab) Excursion/Wind/DEWI Modul Winter Term Titel Solar Energy PV Systems I Solar Thermal I Solar Tutorial PV Cell Characteristics (Lab) Solar

  9. SENATE COMMITTEE ON AWARDS TERMS OF REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    SENATE COMMITTEE ON AWARDS TERMS OF REFERENCE The committee shall: 1. Approve and recommend to Senate new or revised undergraduate and graduate student awards and the terms and conditions for those awards; 2. Consider and approve the student recipients nominated or recommended for undergraduate awards

  10. Bi23 BIOLOGY TUTORIALS WINTER TERM 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    Bi23 BIOLOGY TUTORIALS WINTER TERM 2014 SECTIONS 1 ­ 3 The Function and Regulation of Sleep (3. Huang, x3446, MC 156-29 #12;Bi23 BIOLOGY TUTORIALS WINTER TERM 2014 SECTIONS 4-6 Physical Principles crystallography and neutron scattering; nuclear magnetic resonance and magnetic resonance imaging; peptide and DNA

  11. Terms and Conditions | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed Donat About Us TedJ. ReuderTerms and

  12. Gamma-ray emission from binaries in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubus, Guillaume

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than a dozen binary systems are now established as sources of variable, high energy (HE, 0.1-100 GeV) gamma rays. Five are also established sources of very high energy (VHE, >100 GeV) gamma rays. The mechanisms behind gamma-ray emission in binaries are very diverse. My current understanding is that they divide up into four types of systems: gamma-ray binaries, powered by pulsar rotation; microquasars, powered by accretion onto a black hole or neutron star; novae, powered by thermonuclear runaway on a white dwarf; colliding wind binaries, powered by stellar winds from massive stars. Some of these types had long been suspected to emit gamma rays (microquasars), others have taken the community by surprise (novae). My purpose here is to provide a brief review of the current status of gamma-ray emission from binaries, in the context of related objects where similar mechanisms are at work (pulsar wind nebulae, active galactic nuclei, supernova remnants).

  13. The kinematics of the Local Group in a cosmological context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forero-Romero, Jaime E; Bustamante, Sebastian; Gottloeber, Stefan; Yepes, Gustavo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent observations constrained the tangential velocity of M31 with respect to the Milky Way (MW) to be v_tan<34.4 km/s and the radial velocity to be in the range v_rad=-109+/- 4.4 km/s (van der Marel et al. 2012). In this study we use a large volume high resolution N-body cosmological simulation (Bolshoi) together with three constrained simulations to statistically study this kinematics in the context of the LCDM. The comparison of the ensembles of simulated pairs with the observed LG at the 1-sigma level in the uncertainties has been done with respect to the radial and tangential velocities, the reduced orbital energy (e_tot), angular momentum (l_orb) and the dimensionless spin parameter, lambda. Our main results are: (i) the preferred radial and tangential velocities for pairs in LCDM are v_rad=-80+/-20 km/s, v_tan=50+/-10 km/s, (ii) pairs around that region are 3 to 13 times more common than pairs within the observational values, (iii) 15%to 24% of LG-like pairs in LCDM have energy and angular momentum...

  14. Structure glass technology : systems and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitch, Katherine K. (Katherine Kristen)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Glass cannot compete with steel in terms of strength or durability, but it is the only structural material that offers the highly sought after qualities of translucency and transparency. The use of glass has evolved from ...

  15. Considerations Related To Human Intrusion In The Context Of Disposal Of Radioactive Waste-The IAEA HIDRA Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seitz, Roger; Kumano, Yumiko; Bailey, Lucy; Markley, Chris; Andersson, Eva; Beuth, Thomas

    2014-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal approaches for management of radioactive waste are commonly termed ‘delay and decay’, ‘concentrate and contain’ and ‘dilute and disperse’. Containing the waste and isolating it from the human environment, by burying it, is considered to increase safety and is generally accepted as the preferred approach for managing radioactive waste. However, this approach results in concentrated sources of radioactive waste contained in one location, which can pose hazards should the facility be disrupted by human action in the future. The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) agree that some form of inadvertent human intrusion (HI) needs to be considered to address the potential consequences in the case of loss of institutional control and loss of memory of the disposal facility. Requirements are reflected in national regulations governing radioactive waste disposal. However, in practice, these requirements are often different from country to country, which is then reflected in the actual implementation of HI as part of a safety case. The IAEA project on HI in the context of Disposal of RadioActive waste (HIDRA) has been started to identify potential areas for improved consistency in consideration of HI. The expected outcome is to provide recommendations on how to address human actions in the safety case in the future, and how the safety case may be used to demonstrate robustness and optimize siting, design and waste acceptance criteria within the context of a safety case.

  16. Dynamical D-Terms in Supergravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerie Domcke; Kai Schmitz; Tsutomu T. Yanagida

    2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Most phenomenological models of supersymmetry breaking rely on nonzero F-terms rather than nonzero D-terms. An important reason why D-terms are often neglected is that it turns out to be very challenging to realize D-terms at energies parametrically smaller than the Planck scale in supergravity. As we demonstrate in this paper, all conventional difficulties may, however, be overcome if the generation of the D-term is based on strong dynamics. To illustrate our idea, we focus on a certain class of vector-like SUSY breaking models that enjoy a minimal particle content and which may be easily embedded into more complete scenarios. We are then able to show that, upon gauging a global flavor symmetry, an appropriate choice of Yukawa couplings readily allows to dynamically generate a D-term at an almost arbitrary energy scale. This includes in particular the natural and consistent realization of D-terms around, above and below the scale of grand unification in supergravity, without the need for fine-tuning of any model parameters. Our construction might therefore bear the potential to open up a new direction for model building in supersymmetry and early universe cosmology.

  17. Relativisticlike structure of classical thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernando Quevedo; Alberto Sanchez; Alejandro Vazquez

    2014-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze in the context of geometrothermodynamics a Legendre invariant metric structure in the equilibrium space of an ideal gas. We introduce the concept of thermodynamic geodesic as a succession of points, each corresponding to a state of equilibrium, so that the resulting curve represents a quasi-static process. A rigorous geometric structure is derived in which the thermodynamic geodesics at a given point split the equilibrium space into two disconnected regions separated by adiabatic geodesics. This resembles the causal structure of special relativity, which we use to introduce the concept of adiabatic cone for thermodynamic systems. This result might be interpreted as an alternative indication of the inter-relationship between relativistic physics and classical thermodynamics.

  18. Gauss-Bonnet Term on Vacuum Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong-Gen Cai; Bin Hu; Seoktae Koh

    2008-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of the Gauss-Bonnet term on vacuum decay process in the Coleman-De Luccia formalism. The Gauss-Bonnet term has an exponential coupling with the real scalar field, which appears in the low energy effective action of string theories. We calculate numerically the instanton solution, which describes the process of vacuum decay, and obtain the critical size of bubble. We find that the Gauss-Bonnet term has a nontrivial effect on the false vacuum decay, depending on the Gauss-Bonnet coefficient.

  19. Seven-dimensional gravity with topological terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lue, H. [China Economics and Management Academy Central, University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081 (China); Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University, Nanhai Ave 3688, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Pang Yi [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct new seven-dimensional gravity by adding two topological terms to the Einstein-Hilbert action. For a certain choice of the coupling constants, these terms exist naturally in seven-dimensional gauged supergravity from the S{sup 4} reduction of eleven-dimensional supergravity with the R{sup 4} corrections. We derive the full set of the equations of motion. We find that the static spherically-symmetric black holes are unmodified by the topological terms. We obtain squashed AdS{sub 7}, and also squashed seven spheres and Q{sup 111} spaces in Euclidean signature.

  20. Spring Term 2010 Assessment Report Page 1 Spring Term 2010: Assessment of the Learning Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    focused on the student learning experience, particularly the teaching methods employed in #12;Spring Term carries many aspects with it, but our main focus has always been on our central learning objectiveSpring Term 2010 Assessment Report Page 1 Spring Term 2010: Assessment of the Learning Outcomes

  1. Behavioral context of call production by eastern North Pacific blue whales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Erin M; Calambokidis, J; Burgess, W C; McDonald, M A; LeDuc, C A; Hildebrand, J A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by eastern North Pacific blue whales Erin M. Oleson 1, *,context of calls produced by blue whales Balaenoptera mus-North Pacific population of blue whales (Thompson 1965,

  2. Hypermodular Self-Assembling Space Solar Power -- Design Option for Mid-Term GEO Utility-Scale Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitgab, Martin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a design for scaleable space solar power systems based on free-flying reflectors and module self-assembly. Lower system cost of utility-scale space solar power is achieved by design independence of yet-to-be-built in-space assembly or transportation infrastructure. Using current and expected near-term technology, this study describe a design for mid-term utility-scale power plants in geosynchronous orbits. High-level economic considerations in the context of current and expected future launch costs are given as well.

  3. Sustainable solar thermal power generation (STPG) technologies in Indian context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, R.S. [Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, New Delhi (India). Solar Energy Centre

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    India is a fast developing country. Some of the factors like population growth, industrialization, liberalization in economic policies, green revolution and awareness toward the environment, are increasing the electricity demand rapidly. As per the 14th Power Survey Report, an energy deficit of (+) 9% and peak demand deficit of (+) 18% have been estimated. Keeping in view the liberalization in economic policies, this deficit may be higher by the year 2000 AD. An estimation indicates that India is blessed with solar energy to the tune of 5 x 10{sup 15} kWh/yr. Being clean and inexhaustible source of energy, it can be used for large-scale power generation in the country. Keeping in view the present state-of-art technologies for STPG in MW range, best possible efforts are required to be made by all the concerned, to develop sustainable STPG technology of the future, specially for tropical regions. Standardization of vital equipment is an important aspect. There are a few required criteria like simple and robust technology, its transfer and adaptation in tropical climate conditions; high plant load factor without fossil-fired backup; availability of plant during evening peak and night hours; least use of fragile components, and capacity optimization for MW plants as per solar irradiance and environmental factors. In this paper, efforts have been made to compare the different STPG technologies. On the basis, of literature surveyed and studies carried out by the author, it may be stated that Central Receiver System technologies using molten salt and volumetric air receiver, along with molten salt and ceramic thermal storage respectively seems to be suitable and comparable in Indian context. Performance of SOLAR-TWO and PHOEBUS plants may be decisive.

  4. Term: Spring 2013 University of Pittsburgh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    Term: Spring 2013 1 University of Pittsburgh HOUSING/DINING SERVICES CONTRACT This Housing/Dining Services Contract (this "Contract") is made by and between the University of Pittsburgh

  5. Term: Spring 2012 University of Pittsburgh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    Term: Spring 2012 1 University of Pittsburgh HOUSING/DINING SERVICES CONTRACT This Housing/Dining Services Contract (this "Contract") is made by and between the University of Pittsburgh

  6. Long Term Roadmap for DPNC September 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schibler, Ueli

    Long Term Roadmap for DPNC September 2003 Particle physics is the science to study, at the most experiments, we will organize the roadmap in three paths (the experiments in bold type are those in which

  7. Long-term care and the elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coe, Norma B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term care expenditures represent one of the largest uninsured financial risks facing the elderly. Medicaid provides incomplete insurance against these costs: unlimited nursing home benefits with a deductible equal to ...

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day Forecast -0.9 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2013 -1...

  9. Houses in Heaven are made of steel : understanding change in Ecuadorian amazon Secoya structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arboleda, Gabriel

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the change in the building structures of a Northeastern Ecuadorian group, the Secoya of the Aguarico River. In the context of environmental activism and cultural survival there are many reasons to ...

  10. Multi-tiered sensing and data processing for monitoring ship structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salvino, Liming [NSWCCD; Lynch, Jerome [UNIV. OF MICHIGAN; Brady, Thomas [NSWCCD

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive structural health monitoring (SHM) system is a critical mechanism to ensure hull integrity and evaluate structural performance over the life of a ship, especially for lightweight high-speed ships. One of the most important functions of a SHM system is to provide real-time performance guidance and reduce the risk of structural damage during operations at sea. This is done by continuous feedback from onboard sensors providing measurements of seaway loads and structural responses. Applications of SHM should also include diagnostic capabilities such as identifying the presence of damage, assessing the location and extent of damage when it does occur in order to plan for future inspection and maintenance. The development of such SHM systems is extremely challenging because of the physical size of these structures, the widely varying and often extreme operational and environmental conditions associated with the missions of high performance ships, the lack of data from known damage conditions, the limited sensing that was not designed specifically for SHM, the management of the vast amounts of data, and the need for continued, real-time data processing. This paper will discuss some of these challenges and several outstanding issues that need to be addressed in the context of applying various SHM approaches to sea trials data measured on an aluminum high-speed catamaran, the HSV-2 Swift. A multi-tiered approach for sensing and data processing will be discussed as potential SHM architecture for future shipboard application. This approach will involve application of low cost and dense sensor arrays such as wireless communications in selected areas of the ship hull in addition to conventional sensors measuring global structural response of the ship. A recent wireless hull monitoring demo on FSF-I SeaFighter will be discussed as an example to show how this proposed architecture is a viable approach for long-term and real-time hull monitoring.

  11. Detecting and characterizing mesoscale and submesoscale structures of Mediterranean water from joint seismic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Click Here for Full Article Detecting and characterizing mesoscale and submesoscale structures mesoscale and submesoscale structures of Mediterranean water from joint seismic and hydrographic the imaged structures in terms of mesoscale and submesoscale eddies, of homogeneous layers and of lateral

  12. Long-Term Energy Constraints and Power Control in Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mériaux, François; Lasaulce, Samson; Garnaev, Andrey

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When a long-term energy constraint is imposed to a transmitter, the average energy-efficiency of a transmitter is, in general, not maximized by always transmitting. In a cognitive radio context, this means that a secondary link can re-exploit the non-used time-slots. In the case where the secondary link is imposed to generate no interference on the primary link, a relevant issue is therefore to know the fraction of time-slots available to the secondary transmitter, depending on the system parameters. On the other hand, if the secondary transmitter is modeled as a selfish and free player choosing its power control policy to maximize its average energy-efficiency, resulting primary and secondary signals are not necessarily orthogonal and studying the corresponding Stackelberg game is relevant to know the outcome of this interactive situation in terms of power control policies.

  13. Ninebrane structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisham Sati

    2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    String structures in degree four are associated with cancellation of anomalies of string theory in ten dimensions. Fivebrane structures in degree eight have recently been shown to be associated with cancellation of anomalies associated to the NS5-brane in string theory as well as the M5-brane in M-theory. We introduce and describe "Ninebrane structures" in degree twelve and demonstrate how they capture some anomaly cancellation phenomena in M-theory. Along the way we also define certain variants, considered as intermediate cases in degree nine and ten, which we call "2-Orientation" and "2-Spin structures", respectively. As in the lower degree cases, we also discuss the natural twists of these structures and characterize the corresponding topological groups associated to each of the structures, which likewise admit refinements to differential cohomology.

  14. Passive solar residential design within a traditional and regional context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfeiffer, P.L.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper demonstrates how energy-efficient design can embody local symbolism and regionalism. A passive solar residence can be cost-effective, operate extremely efficiently, and conform to traditional residential aesthetics. The subject structure is a five-bedroom, 2600-ft/sup 2/ (240-m/sup 2/) residence located in the temperate climate of the mid-Atlantic states. It was constructed in 1984 and has been occupied for two years. The author presents actual energy consumption data and discusses passive solar design strategies.

  15. Towards Software Product Lines Application in the Context of a Smart Building Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Towards Software Product Lines Application in the Context of a Smart Building Project Thibaut. This paper presents proposals on how to apply software prod- uct lines in the context of smart buildings the various components involved in smart buildings, and to capitalize on the devel- oped IT components

  16. Intra-amygdala infusion of the protein kinase Mzeta inhibitor ZIP disrupts foreground context fear memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmstetter, Fred J.

    Intra-amygdala infusion of the protein kinase Mzeta inhibitor ZIP disrupts foreground context fear-pseudosubstrate inhibitory peptide (ZIP) remains in the brain after infusion. Here, we demon- strate that foreground context the brain by 24 h after infusion. These data contribute to a growing body of lit- erature that demonstrates

  17. Placing Search in Context: The Concept Revisited Lev Finkelstein, Evgeniy Gabrilovich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivlin, Ehud

    refinement questions or accumulated personalization information) [11]. Search engines have now enteredPlacing Search in Context: The Concept Revisited Lev Finkelstein, Evgeniy Gabrilovich 1 , Yossi describe a new paradigm for performing search in context. In the IntelliZap system we developed, search

  18. An Energy Efficient Quality Adaptive Multi-Modal Sensor Framework for Context Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Christine

    in the home) [1]. Energy-efficient operation is critical in pervasive computing environments. Communication1 An Energy Efficient Quality Adaptive Multi-Modal Sensor Framework for Context Recognition 1. In such environments, understanding the context of an entity is essential for adaptability of the application behavior

  19. An Evaluation of Graphical Context When the Graphics are Outside of the Task Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Evaluation of Graphical Context When the Graphics are Outside of the Task Area Cindy M of an augmentation. This paper describes the results of an experiment to evaluate the effects of graphical context in a Lego block placement task when the graphics are located outside of the task area. Four conditions were

  20. Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Secure Information Sharing and Dissemination in the Context of Public Security Professor Nabil R. Adam Director, The Center for Information Management Integration & Connectivity (CIMIC) Executive://cimic.rutgers.edu/~adam/ Abstract In the context of homeland security, one of the key challenges in such environment is achieving

  1. Solar energy in the context of energy use, energy transportation, and energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    Solar energy in the context of energy use, energy transportation, and energy storage By David J C to the following journal article, published July 2013: MacKay DJC. 2013 Solar energy in the context of energy use, converting, and delivering sustainable energy, looking in particular detail at the potential role of solar

  2. Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites Context is everything Sociality and privacy in online Social Network Sites Ronald LeenesRonald Leenes TILT ­ Tilburg Institute.e.leenes@tilburguniversity.nl Abstract. Social Network Sites (SNSs) pose many privacy issues. Apart from the fact that privacy

  3. Anatomy Dependent Multi-Context Fuzzy Clustering for Separation of Brain Tissues in MR Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang,Tianzi

    Zhu, FC Lin, TZ Jiang National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese. In a previous work, a local tissue distribution model and multi- context fuzzy clustering (MCFC) method had been- bution model and multi-context fuzzy clustering (MCFC) method for MRI brain tis- sue separation had been

  4. Characterization of Doppler Effects in the Context of Over-the-Horizon Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Characterization of Doppler Effects in the Context of Over-the-Horizon Radar Cornel Ioana Grenoble addresses the problem of the characterization of Doppler effect of maneuvering targets in the context reveals the Doppler effects characterizing the target's trajectory. Analysis of such signals

  5. Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma. #12;Proving Languages Not Context-Free Some languages cannot be recognized even by PDAs. But to prove this we need the Pumping Lemma. Pumping is in A for all i 0. We use notation z(i) = uviwxiy. Goddard 9b: 2 #12;Proof of Pumping Lemma Assume

  6. Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi Kumaran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi://register.eventarc.com/event/view/6129/tickets/peat-resource-management-in- the-context-of-climate-change-in-malaysia Abstract: As one-utilised and peat fires, which are linked with high emissions of carbon dioxide, have become an annually recurring

  7. Virtual Sensors and Data Fusion in a Multi-Level Context Computing Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .Weis@irisa.fr Abstract--Computing context is a major subject of interest in smart homes. In this paper, we present how we of smart home. After a quick explanation of why we use different methods at different levels of abstraction. INTRODUCTION Computing context is a major subject of interest in smart spaces such as smart homes. Contextual

  8. Context-dependent logo matching and retrieval Recherche et localisation des logos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahbi, Hichem

    Context-dependent logo matching and retrieval Recherche et localisation des logos Hichem Sahbi Groupe TII : Traitement et Interprétation des Images 2010D009 #12;Context-Dependent Logo Matching and Retrieval Recherche et Localisation des Logos Hichem Sahbi hichem.sahbi@telecom-paristech.fr CNRS LTCI UMR

  9. Semantic Features for Classifying Referring Search Terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, Chandler J.; Henry, Michael J.; McGrath, Liam R.; Bell, Eric B.; Marshall, Eric J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    When an internet user clicks on a result in a search engine, a request is submitted to the destination web server that includes a referrer field containing the search terms given by the user. Using this information, website owners can analyze the search terms leading to their websites to better understand their visitors needs. This work explores some of the features that can be used for classification-based analysis of such referring search terms. We present initial results for the example task of classifying HTTP requests countries of origin. A system that can accurately predict the country of origin from query text may be a valuable complement to IP lookup methods which are susceptible to the obfuscation of dereferrers or proxies. We suggest that the addition of semantic features improves classifier performance in this example application. We begin by looking at related work and presenting our approach. After describing initial experiments and results, we discuss paths forward for this work.

  10. A Holistic Framework for Environmental Flows Determination in Hydropower Contexts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the ecological science community, the consensus view is that the natural flow regime sustains the ecological integrity of river systems. This prevailing viewpoint by many environmental stakeholders has progressively led to increased pressure on hydropower dam owners to change plant operations to affect downstream river flows with the intention of providing better conditions for aquatic biological communities. Identifying the neccessary magnitude, frequency, duration, timing, or rate of change of stream flows to meet ecological needs in a hydropower context is challenging because the ecological responses to changes in flows may not be fully known, there are usually a multitude of competing users of flow, and implementing environmental flows usually comes at a price to energy production. Realistically, hydropower managers must develop a reduced set of goals that provide the most benefit to the identified ecological needs. As a part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program, the Instream Flow Project (IFP) was carried out by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Argon National Laboratory (ANL) as an attempt to develop tools aimed at defining environmental flow needs for hydropower operations. The application of these tools ranges from national to site-specific scales; thus, the utility of each tool will depend on various phases of the environmental flow process. Given the complexity and sheer volume of applications used to determine environmentally acceptable flows for hydropower, a framework is needed to organize efforts into a staged process dependent upon spatial, temporal, and functional attributes. By far, the predominant domain for determining environmental flows related to hydropower is within the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) relicensing process. This process can take multiple years and can be very expensive depending on the scale of each hydropower project. The utility of such a framework is that it can expedite the environmental flow process by 1) organizing data and applications to identify predictable relationships between flows and ecology, and 2) suggesting when and where tools should be used in the environmental flow process. In addition to regulatory procedures, a framework should also provide the coordination for a comprehensive research agenda to guide the science of environmental flows. This research program has further reaching benefits than just environmental flow determination by providing modeling applications, data, and geospatial layers to inform potential hydropower development. We address several objectives within this document that highlight the limitations of existing environmental flow paradigms and their applications to hydropower while presenting a new framework catered towards hydropower needs. Herein, we address the following objectives: 1) Provide a brief overview of the Natural Flow Regime paradigm and existing environmental flow frameworks that have been used to determine ecologically sensitive stream flows for hydropower operations. 2) Describe a new conceptual framework to aid in determining flows needed to meet ecological objectives with regard to hydropower operations. The framework is centralized around determining predictable relationships between flow and ecological responses. 3) Provide evidence of how efforts from ORNL, PNNL, and ANL have filled some of the gaps in this broader framework, and suggest how the framework can be used to set the stage for a research agenda for environmental flow.

  11. Long Term Innovative Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy andTerms Loan TermsLong Island HTS Power CableLong

  12. Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Temperature and higher NO 2 :NOx have negligible impact on overall NOx Conversion Biodiesel Near-term Impacts Literature Review "Effect of Biodiesel Blends on Urea...

  13. China’s Defense Technology and Industrial Base in a Regional Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitzinger, Richard A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aindustries, in terms of technology innovation these regionalregion, in terms of technology innovation, continues to run

  14. Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference October 2009 1.0 Purpose The purposes Facilities Management Risk and Insurance Analyst Associate Vice-President Human Resources Administrative of the Steering Committee are: a) to follow a continuous process to understand and communicate risk from

  15. SENATE ANIMAL ETHICS COMMITTEE TERMS OF REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    and Teaching; the Appeal to Senate Animal Ethics Committee Standard Operating Procedures, the UCT Code from Faculty Animal Ethics Committees in terms of the Standard Operating Procedure for Appeals clarification and transparency in sharing information to ensure the maintenance of the highest ethical standards

  16. Terms of Reference Information Security Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Terms of Reference Information Security Group Version 3.1 8 March 2011 © University of Leeds 2011 Security Group Information Security Management 3.1 (8/3/11) Page 2 of 4 Document Control Owner: Kevin Darley, IT Security Co-ordinator, Information Systems Services, University of Leeds Source Location: V

  17. WINTER TERM SEMINARS HELD ON MONDAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    WINTER TERM SEMINARS HELD ON MONDAYS @ 3:30 PM IN ALS4001 unless otherwise noted JANUARY 13 JUSTIN, Marine Genomics Unit "A first assembly of the Symbiodinium minutum nuclear genome reveals dinoflagellate Sciences "TBA" Integrative Biology (formerly the OSU Department of Zoology and OSU Biology Program) Winter

  18. Genome Structure Gallery from the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Structual Genomics Consortium

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The TB Structural Genomics Consortium works with the structures of proteins from M. tuberculosis, analyzing these structures in the context of functional information that currently exists and that the Consortium generates. The database of linked structural and functional information constructed from this project will form a lasting basis for understanding M. tuberculosis pathogenesis and for structure-based drug design. The Consortium's structural and functional information is publicly available. The Structures Gallery makes more than 650 total structures available by PDB identifier. Some of these are not consortium targets, but all are viewable in 3D color and can be manipulated in various ways by Jmol, an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D from http://www.jmol.org/

  19. Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Elleson, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for ASHRAE Research Project 1004-RP: Determining Long-Term Performance of Cool Storage Systems from Short-Term Tests. This report presents the results of the development and application of the methodology to Case Study #2...

  20. Friedrich Schiller University Jena Winter Term 2005/2006 Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on page 21, where structural and technical details of the source code are given. To fine-tune Rock Science 07743 Jena, Germany Student Research Project Rock'n'Roll A Cross-Platform Engine for the Board of the term. The surprising result was that Rock'n'Roll won 17-3 and proved that sometimes even computers have

  1. http://biotech.nature.com SEPTEMBER 2001 VOLUME 19 nature biotechnology Interpreting function in terms of specific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran

    surfaced over the years--proteins for which lack of three-dimensional structure is required for function Interpreting function in terms of specific three-dimensional structure has dominat- ed thinking about proteins- guage: unfolded protein and denatured protein are used interchangeably. Furthermore, the avalanche

  2. Deployable structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernández Merchan, Carlos Henrique

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis has the purpose of describing the meaning and applications of deployable structures (making emphasis in the scissor-hinged and sliding mechanisms.) and the development of new geometries, details, and mechanisms ...

  3. BWR Source Term Generation and Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.C. Ryman

    2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This calculation is a revision of a previous calculation (Ref. 7.5) that bears the same title and has the document identifier BBAC00000-01717-0210-00006 REV 01. The purpose of this revision is to remove TBV (to-be-verified) -41 10 associated with the output files of the previous version (Ref. 7.30). The purpose of this and the previous calculation is to generate source terms for a representative boiling water reactor (BWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) assembly for the first one million years after the SNF is discharged from the reactors. This calculation includes an examination of several ways to represent BWR assemblies and operating conditions in SAS2H in order to quantify the effects these representations may have on source terms. These source terms provide information characterizing the neutron and gamma spectra in particles per second, the decay heat in watts, and radionuclide inventories in curies. Source terms are generated for a range of burnups and enrichments (see Table 2) that are representative of the waste stream and stainless steel (SS) clad assemblies. During this revision, it was determined that the burnups used for the computer runs of the previous revision were actually about 1.7% less than the stated, or nominal, burnups. See Section 6.6 for a discussion of how to account for this effect before using any source terms from this calculation. The source term due to the activation of corrosion products deposited on the surfaces of the assembly from the coolant is also calculated. The results of this calculation support many areas of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR), which include thermal evaluation, radiation dose determination, radiological safety analyses, surface and subsurface facility designs, and total system performance assessment. This includes MGR items classified as Quality Level 1, for example, the Uncanistered Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Container (Ref. 7.27, page 7). Therefore, this calculation is subject to the requirements of the Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (Ref. 7.28). The performance of the calculation and development of this document are carried out in accordance with AP-3.124, ''Design Calculation and Analyses'' (Ref. 7.29).

  4. Formulation of spinors in terms of gauge fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiv R. Vatsya

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown in the present paper that the transformation relating a parallel transported vector in a Weyl space to the original one is the product of a multiplicative gauge transformation and a proper orthochronous Lorentz transformation. Such a Lorentz transformation admits a spinor representation, which is obtained and used to deduce the transportation properties of a Weyl spinor, which are then expressed in terms of a composite gauge group defined as the product of a multiplicative gauge group and the spinor group. These properties render a spinor amenable to its treatment as a particle coupled to a multidimensional gauge field in the framework of the Kaluza-Klein formulation extended to multidimensional gauge fields. In this framework, a fiber bundle is constructed with a horizontal, base space and a vertical, gauge space, which is a Lie group manifold, termed its structure group. For the present, the base is the Minkowski spacetime and the vertical space is the composite gauge group mentioned above. The fiber bundle is equipped with a Riemannian structure, which is used to obtain the classical description of motion of a spinor. In its classical picture, a Weyl spinor is found to behave as a spinning charged particle in translational motion. The corresponding quantum description is deduced from the Klein-Gordon equation in the Riemann spaces obtained by the methods of path-integration. This equation in the present fiber bundle reduces to the equation for a spinor in the Weyl geometry, which is close to but differs somewhat from the squared Dirac equation.

  5. Luscher's mu-term and finite volume bootstrap principle for scattering states and form factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pozsgay

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the leading order finite size correction (Luscher's mu-term) associated to moving one-particle states, arbitrary scattering states and finite volume form factors in 1+1 dimensional integrable models. Our method is based on the idea that the mu-term is intimately connected to the inner structure of the particles, ie. their composition under the bootstrap program. We use an appropriate analytic continuation of the Bethe-Yang equations to quantize bound states in finite volume and obtain the leading mu-term (associated to symmetric particle fusions) by calculating the deviations from the predictions of the ordinary Bethe-Yang quantization. Our results are compared to numerical data of the E8 scattering theory obtained by truncated fermionic space approach. As a by-product it is shown that the bound state quantization does not only yield the correct mu-term, but also provides the sum over a subset of higher order corrections as well.

  6. Children's resiliency, adjustment, and coping: cancer-related, family context, and within-child factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Katherine Michele

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ; family context factors of parenting stress and family psychosocial risk; and within-child factors of personal resiliency. These factors were assessed among 37 children with leukemia or lymphoma, one of their caretakers (29 mothers, 7 fathers, 1...

  7. Context : physical and psycho-cultural : a design for the concert hall in Sarajevo, Bosnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritsch, Enno, 1966-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis proposes a mode of designing that emphasizes the active role that the physical context, including its embedded cultural implications and poetic ideas, might play in the process of architectural design. A successful ...

  8. Grandfathering and the Endowment Effect An Assessment in the context of the Spanish National Allocation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we test the Coase theorem in the context of carbon emissions trading. We investigate whether generating firms were influenced in their operational decisions by the initial amount of grandfathered emissions ...

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utility of TK/GCV in the context of highly effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemminki, Akseli

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Utility of TK/GCV in the context of highly effective oncolysis mediated simplex virus thymidine kinase (TK) together with ganciclovir (GCV) has been promising when coupled

  10. An examination of Boeing's supply chain management practices within the context of the global aerospace industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çizmeci, DaÄŸ lar

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the supply chain management practices of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Company within the context of the global aerospace industry. The methodology used for this study includes a study of emerging ...

  11. Reasoning about Temporal Context using Ontology and Abductive Constraint Logic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hongwei

    The underlying assumptions for interpreting the meaning of data often change over time, which further complicates the problem of semantic heterogeneities among autonomous data sources. As an extension to the COntext ...

  12. Growing Up in Scotland: Parenting and the Neighbourhood Context - Summary Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Government, Scottish

    2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    It presents key findings from the Growing Up in Scotland study (GUS) report Parenting and the neighbourhood context. The report uses data from GUS to explore families’ experiences of living in Scotland’s neighbourhoods....

  13. Utilizing the infrastructure to assist autonomous vehicles in a mobility on demand context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebsamen, B.

    In this paper we describe an autonomous vehicle that aims at providing shared transportation services in a mobility on demand context. As the service is limited to a known urban environment, prior knowledge of the environment ...

  14. From the Caribbean to the U.S.: Afro-Latinity in Changing Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez de Allen, Gertrude

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the Caribbean to the U.S. : Afro-Latinity in Changingas it shifts from the Caribbean to a mainland U.S. context,cultures, given that Caribbean and U.S. mainland cultural

  15. "Reading Between the Brides": Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti musicali in Textual and Musical Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Katrina

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT “Reading Between the Brides”: Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti musicali in Textual and Musical Context There had never been a Bolognese nun known to have published her music when Lucrezia Vizzana's Componimenti ...

  16. The Arsenal of Venice : a study on the degree of context-conscious architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Germen, Murat S. (Murat Seyda)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main focus of this study is to define a flexible approach for the most conventional challenge in architecture of introducing a new building into a fabric, that we sometimes call "context", composed of old buildings ...

  17. Context-Aware Service Utilisation in the Clouds and Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiani, Saad Liaquat; Antonopoulos, Nick; Knappmeyer, Michael; Baker, Nigel; McClatchey, Richard

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ubiquitous computing environments are characterised by smart, interconnected artefacts embedded in our physical world that are projected to provide useful services to human inhabitants unobtrusively. Mobile devices are becoming the primary tools of human interaction with these embedded artefacts and utilisation of services available in smart computing environments such as clouds. Advancements in capabilities of mobile devices allow a number of user and environment related context consumers to be hosted on these devices. Without a coordinating component, these context consumers and providers are a potential burden on device resources; specifically the effect of uncoordinated computation and communication with cloud-enabled services can negatively impact the battery life. Therefore energy conservation is a major concern in realising the collaboration and utilisation of mobile device based context-aware applications and cloud based services. This paper presents the concept of a context-brokering component to aid...

  18. Tailoring Action Parameterizations to Their Task Contexts Freek Stulp and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremers, Daniel

    Tailoring Action Parameterizations to Their Task Contexts Freek Stulp and Michael Beetz Intelligent Autonomous Systems Group, Technische Universit¨at M¨unchen Boltzmannstrasse 3, D-85747 Munich, Germany {stulp,beetz

  19. Pragmatically enriching and 1 Children's enrichments of conjunctive sentences in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Pragmatically enriching and 1 Children's enrichments of conjunctive sentences in context Ira Noveck Rutgers University Lewis Bott Cardiff University RUNNING HEAD: Pragmatically enriching and #12;Pragmatically enriching and 2 Abstract An utterance conjoining two propositions with and often conveys more

  20. Benefits Summary - Term Appointments in Regular Job Class | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Term Appointments in Regular Job Class Download a brochure on benefits offered to term appointments in the regular job class (over 6 months). 2015 Long Term Appts. in Regular...

  1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Coordinated Research Projects on Structural Integrity of Reactor Pressure Vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Server, W. L. [ATI Consulting, Pinehurst, NC; Nanstad, Randy K [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has conducted a series of Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) that have focused on irradiated reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steel fracture toughness properties and approaches for assuring structural integrity of RPVs throughout operating life. A series of nine CRPs have been sponsored by the IAEA, starting in the early 1970s, focused on neutron radiation effects on RPV steels. The purpose of the CRPs was to develop comparisons and correlations to test the uniformity of irradiated results through coordinated international research studies and data sharing. Consideration of dose rate effects, effects of alloying (nickel, manganese, silicon, etc.) and residual elements (eg., copper and phosphorus), and drop in upper shelf toughness are also important for assessing neutron embrittlement effects. The ultimate use of embrittlement understanding is assuring structural integrity of the RPV under current and future operation and accident conditions. Material fracture toughness is the key ingredient needed for this assessment, and many of the CRPs have focused on measurement and application of irradiated fracture toughness. This paper presents an overview of the progress made since the inception of the CRPs in the early 1970s. The chronology and importance of each CRP have been reviewed and put into context for continued and long-term safe operation of RPVs.

  2. The ecological context and population redistribution: an application of the human ecological framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMontel, John Edmond

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to 1970 on countywide levels of city dominance as measured by newspaper circulation combined with county context variables 134 Table 45. Regression of percent change in city population 1960 to 1970 on countywide levels of city dominance as measured... 141 Table 48. Table 49. Regression of percent change in city population 1960 to 1970 on countywide levels of city dominance as measured by newspaper circulation combined with county context variables categorized by functionality type Regression...

  3. Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    After determining your agency's institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they interact will help in implementing solutions for success.

  4. Hazardous constituent source term. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has several facilities that either generate and/or store transuranic (TRU)-waste from weapons program research and production. Much of this waste also contains hazardous waste constituents as regulated under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Toxicity characteristic metals in the waste principally include lead, occurring in leaded rubber gloves and shielding. Other RCRA metals may occur as contaminants in pyrochemical salt, soil, debris, and sludge and solidified liquids, as well as in equipment resulting from decontamination and decommissioning activities. Volatile organic compounds (VOCS) contaminate many waste forms as a residue adsorbed on surfaces or occur in sludge and solidified liquids. Due to the presence of these hazardous constituents, applicable disposal regulations include land disposal restrictions established by Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA). The DOE plans to dispose of TRU-mixed waste from the weapons program in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) by demonstrating no-migration of hazardous constituents. This paper documents the current technical basis for methodologies proposed to develop a post-closure RCRA hazardous constituent source term. For the purposes of demonstrating no-migration, the hazardous constituent source term is defined as the quantities of hazardous constituents that are available for transport after repository closure. Development of the source term is only one of several activities that will be involved in the no-migration demonstration. The demonstration will also include uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of contaminant transport.

  5. The impact of software design structure on product maintenance costs and measurement of economic benefits of product redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akaikine, Andrei

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports results of an empirical study that aimed to demonstrate the link between software product design structure and engineers' effort to perform a code modification in the context of a corrective maintenance ...

  6. Context Interchange Mediation for Semantic Interoperability and Dynamic Integration of Autonomous Information Sources in the Fixed Income Securities Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Michael

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine semantic interoperability problems in the fixed income securities industry and propose a knowledge representation architecture for context interchange ...

  7. Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications Delivering Renewable Hydrogen: A Focus on Near-Term Applications Agenda for the Delvering Renewable Hydrogen...

  8. accident source term: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    42 Long-term investigations of radiocaesium activity concentrations in carps in north Croatia after the Chernobyl accident CERN Preprints Summary: Long-term investigations of...

  9. accident source terms: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    42 Long-term investigations of radiocaesium activity concentrations in carps in north Croatia after the Chernobyl accident CERN Preprints Summary: Long-term investigations of...

  10. DOE Acquisition and Project Management (APM) Glossary of Terms...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Acquisition and Project Management (APM) Glossary of Terms Handbook FINAL VERSION 9-30-2014 DOE Acquisition and Project Management (APM) Glossary of Terms Handbook FINAL...

  11. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

  12. Los Alamos National Laboratory announces strategy for long-term...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Strategy for long-term environmental sustainability Los Alamos National Laboratory announces strategy for long-term environmental sustainability Provides a blueprint for protecting...

  13. Operational Simulation Tools and Long Term Strategic Planning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Operational Simulation Tools and Long Term Strategic Planning for High Penetrations of PV in the Southeastern U.S. Operational Simulation Tools and Long Term Strategic Planning for...

  14. Analysis of a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure Rollout in Southern California Analysis of a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure Rollout in Southern...

  15. Source Term Analysis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Term Analysis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Release Quantity Source Term Analysis for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Release Quantity This document was...

  16. MULTILEVEL FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD FOR MODELING PERMEABLE STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarabandi, Kamal

    MULTILEVEL FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD FOR MODELING PERMEABLE STRUCTURES USING CONFORMAL FINITE ELEMENTS #12;Copyright c Kubilay Sertel All Rights Reserved 2003 #12;ABSTRACT MULTILEVEL FAST MULTIPOLE METHOD fast multipole method for impen- etrable targets in the context of flat-triangular geometry

  17. An Incremental Framework for Adapting the Hypermedia Structure of Multimedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An Incremental Framework for Adapting the Hypermedia Structure of Multimedia Documents S.Laborie,Jerome.Euzenat}@inrialpes.fr Summary. The multiplication of presentation contexts (such as mobile phones, PDAs) for multimedia for multimedia document adaptation was proposed. This framework deals with the semantics of the document composi

  18. Systems of Systems and Emergent System Context Nirav B. Shah Dr. Donna H. Rhodes Prof. Daniel E. Hastings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Paper #85 Systems of Systems and Emergent System Context Nirav B. Shah Dr. Donna H. Rhodes Prof of systems of systems (SOS) is the emergent na- ture of the context of the SOS. In the spirit of Herbert that create the environment for goal attainment of a system. As SOS are sys- tems, they too have contexts

  19. Quasar Structure and Cosmological Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Elvis

    2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Feedback from quasars and AGNs is being invoked frequently in several cosmological settings. Currently, order of magnitude, or more, uncertainties in the structure of both the wind and the 'obscuring torus' make predictions highly uncertain. To make testable models of this 'cosmological feedback' it is essential to understand the detailed structure of AGNs sufficiently well to predict their properties for the whole quasar population, at all redshifts. Progress in both areas is rapid, and I describe the near-term prospects for reducing these uncertainties for 'slow' (non-relativistic) AGN winds and the obscuring torus.

  20. Method for protein structure alignment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blankenbecler, Richard; Ohlsson, Mattias; Peterson, Carsten; Ringner, Markus

    2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention provides a method for protein structure alignment. More particularly, the present invention provides a method for identification, classification and prediction of protein structures. The present invention involves two key ingredients. First, an energy or cost function formulation of the problem simultaneously in terms of binary (Potts) assignment variables and real-valued atomic coordinates. Second, a minimization of the energy or cost function by an iterative method, where in each iteration (1) a mean field method is employed for the assignment variables and (2) exact rotation and/or translation of atomic coordinates is performed, weighted with the corresponding assignment variables.

  1. Remote Structural Health Monitoring Systems for Next Generation SCADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Pai H.

    Remote Structural Health Monitoring Systems for Next Generation SCADA Sehwan Kim1 Marco Torbol2, and to validate its effectiveness with long-term field deployment results. Keywords: structural health monitoring, SCADA system, remote monitoring system 1. INTRODUCTION Structural health monitoring (SHM) is the use

  2. Long-term vs. Short-term Contracts; A European perspective on natural gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; von Hirschhausen, Christian

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyses the economics of long-term gas contracts under changing institutional conditions, mainly gas sector liberalisation. The paper is motivated by the increasingly tense debate in continental Europe, UK and the US on the security...

  3. Estimating long-term mean winds from short-term wind data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barchet, W.R.; Davis, W.E.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The estimation of long-term mean winds from short-term data is especially important in the area of wind energy. It is desirable to obtain reliable estimates of the long-term wind speed from as short a period of on-site measurements as possible. This study examined seven different methods of estimating the long-term average wind speed and compared the performance of these techniques. Three linear, three weather pattern, and one eigenvector methods were compared for measurement periods ranging from 3 months to 36 months. Average errors, both relative and absolute, and the rms errors in the techniques were determined. The best technique for less than 12 months of measurement was the eigenvector method using weekly mean wind speeds. However, this method was only slightly better than the linear adjusted method. When 12 or more months of data were used, the difference in errors between techniques was found to be slight.

  4. SPE 124332 (revised) Hierarchical Long-Term and Short-Term Production Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    . In our study we used a 3-dimensional reservoir in a fluvial depositional environment with a production at maximizing short-term production. The optimal life-cycle waterflooding strategy that includes short

  5. Structured Finance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solid ... Strengthening aStructure ofof the CompleteStructure

  6. MCSNA: Experimental Benchmarking of Pu Electronic Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobin, J G

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work is to develop and/or apply advanced diagnostics to the understanding of aging of Pu. Advanced characterization techniques such as photoelectron and x-ray absorption spectroscopy will provide fundamental data on the electronic structure of Pu phases. These data are crucial for the validation of the electronic structure methods. The fundamental goal of this project is to narrow the parameter space for the theoretical modeling of Pu aging. The short-term goal is to perform experiments to validate electronic structure calculations of Pu. The long-term goal is to determine the effects of aging upon the electronic structure of Pu. Many of the input parameters for aging models are not directly measurable. These parameters will need to be calculated or estimated. Thus a First Principles-Approach Theory is needed, but it is unclear what terms are important in the Hamiltonian. (H{Psi} = E{Psi}) Therefore, experimental data concerning the 5f electronic structure are needed, to determine which terms in the Hamiltonian are important. The data obtained in this task are crucial for reducing the uncertainty of Task LL-01-developed models and predictions. The data impact the validation of electronic structure methods, the calculation of defect properties, the evaluation of helium diffusion, and the validation of void nucleation models. The importance of these activities increases if difficulties develop with the accelerating aging alloy approach.

  7. Adding 3D-structural context to protein-protein interaction data from high-throughput experiments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttemann, Thomas

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past decade, automatisation has led to an immense increase of data in biology. Next generation sequencing techniques will produce a vast amount of sequences across all species in the coming years. In many cases, ...

  8. Managing Records for the Long Term - 12363

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montgomery, John V. [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, Morgantown, West Virginia (United States); Gueretta, Jeanie [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for managing vast amounts of information documenting historical and current operations. This information is critical to the operations of the DOE Office of Legacy Management. Managing legacy records and information is challenging in terms of accessibility and changing technology. The Office of Legacy Management is meeting these challenges by making records and information management an organizational priority. The Office of Legacy Management mission is to manage DOE post-closure responsibilities at former Cold War weapons sites to ensure the future protection of human health and the environment. These responsibilities include environmental stewardship and long-term preservation and management of operational and environmental cleanup records associated with each site. A primary organizational goal for the Office of Legacy Management is to 'Preserve, Protect, and Share Records and Information'. Managing records for long-term preservation is an important responsibility. Adequate and dedicated resources and management support are required to perform this responsibility successfully. Records tell the story of an organization and may be required to defend an organization in court, provide historical information, identify lessons learned, or provide valuable information for researchers. Loss of records or the inability to retrieve records because of poor records management processes can have serious consequences and even lead to an organisation's downfall. Organizations must invest time and resources to establish a good records management program because of its significance to the organization as a whole. The Office of Legacy Management will continue to research and apply innovative ways of doing business to ensure that the organization stays at the forefront of effective records and information management. DOE is committed to preserving records that document our nation's Cold War legacy, and the Office of Legacy Management will keep records management as a high priority. (authors)

  9. More about F-term uplifting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abe, Hiroyuki [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Higaki, Tetsutaro [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Kobayashi, Tatsuo [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study moduli stabilization and a realization of de Sitter vacua in generalized F-term uplifting scenarios of the Kachru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi-type anti-de Sitter vacuum, where the uplifting sector X directly couples to the light Kaehler modulus T in the superpotential through, e.g., stringy instanton effects. F-term uplifting can be achieved by a spontaneous supersymmetry breaking sector, e.g., the Polonyi model, the O'Raifeartaigh model, and the Intriligator-Seiberg-Shih model. Several models with the X-T mixing are examined, and qualitative features in most models even with such mixing are almost the same as those in the Kachru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi scenario. One of the quantitative changes, which are relevant to the phenomenology, is a larger hierarchy between the modulus mass m{sub T} and the gravitino mass m{sub 3/2}, i.e., m{sub T}/m{sub 3/2}=O(a{sup 2}), where a{approx}4{pi}{sup 2}. In spite of such a large mass, the modulus F term is suppressed not like F{sup T}=O(m{sub 3/2}/a{sup 2}), but like F{sup T}=O(m{sub 3/2}/a) for ln(M{sub Pl}/m{sub 3/2}){approx}a, because of an enhancement factor coming from the X-T mixing. Then we typically find a mirage-mediation pattern of gaugino masses of O(m{sub 3/2}/a), while the scalar masses would be generically of O(m{sub 3/2})

  10. Nanocrystal structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eisler, Hans J. (Stoneham, MA); Sundar, Vikram C. (Stoneham, MA); Walsh, Michael E. (Everett, MA); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Bawendi, Moungi G. (Cambridge, MA); Smith, Henry I. (Sudbury, MA)

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A structure including a grating and a semiconductor nanocrystal layer on the grating, can be a laser. The semiconductor nanocrystal layer can include a plurality of semiconductor nanocrystals including a Group II-VI compound, the nanocrystals being distributed in a metal oxide matrix. The grating can have a periodicity from 200 nm to 500 nm.

  11. Nanocrystal structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eisler, Hans J.; Sundar, Vikram C.; Walsh, Michael E.; Klimov, Victor I.; Bawendi, Moungi G.; Smith, Henry I.

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A structure including a grating and a semiconductor nanocrystal layer on the grating, can be a laser. The semiconductor nanocrystal layer can include a plurality of semiconductor nanocrystals including a Group II–VI compound, the nanocrystals being distributed in a metal oxide matrix. The grating can have a periodicity from 200 nm to 500 nm.

  12. Long-Term Wind Power Variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Y. H.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory started collecting wind power data from large commercial wind power plants (WPPs) in southwest Minnesota with dedicated dataloggers and communication links in the spring of 2000. Over the years, additional WPPs in other areas were added to and removed from the data collection effort. The longest data stream of actual wind plant output is more than 10 years. The resulting data have been used to analyze wind power fluctuations, frequency distribution of changes, the effects of spatial diversity, and wind power ancillary services. This report uses the multi-year wind power data to examine long-term wind power variability.

  13. Glossary of Terms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,Glen Wattman - Director, Office ofHere you'llTERM

  14. Long Term Care | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLogging in Logging inLogisticsLong Term Care

  15. Long-Term Stewardship - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLogging in LoggingLong-Term Stewardship

  16. Long-Term Measurements of Submicrometer Aerosol

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let usNucleartearingLongTerm Measurements of

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook- May 2003

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9 SeptemberSettingUncertainties in the3 1 Short-Term

  18. Current Long-Term Operating Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGas SeparationsRelevant toSiteCurrent Long-Term Operating Schedule

  19. 2003 Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Program Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactive waste was created by the Federal Government and private industry at locations around the country in support of national defense, research, and civilian power-generation programs. If not controlled, much of this legacy waste would remain hazardous to human health and the environment indefinitely. Current technology does not allow us to render this waste harmless, so the available methods to control risk rely on consolidation, isolation, and long-term management of the waste. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has an obligation to safely control the radioactive waste and to inform and train future generations to maintain and, perhaps, improve established protections. DOE is custodian for much of the radioactive and other hazardous waste under control of the Federal Government. DOE established the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) in 1974 and the Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) Program and the Surplus Facilities Management Program in the 1980s. Congress passed the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) in 1978. These federal programs and legislation were established to identify, remediate, and manage legacy waste. Remedial action is considered complete at a radioactive waste site when the identified hazardous material is isolated and the selected remedial action remedy is in place and functioning. Radioactive or other hazardous materials remain in place as part of the remedy at many DOE sites. Long-term management of radioactive waste sites incorporates a set of actions necessary to maintain protection of human health and the environment. These actions include maintaining physical impoundment structures in good repair to ensure that they perform as designed, preventing exposure to the wastes by maintaining access restrictions and warnings, and recording site conditions and activities for future custodians. Any actions, therefore, that will prevent exposure to the radioactive waste now or in the future are part of long-term site management. In response to post-closure care requirements set forth in UMTRCA, DOE Headquarters established the Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (LTS&M) Program in 1988 at the DOE office in Grand Junction, Colorado. The program assumed long-term management responsibility for sites remediated under UMTRCA and other programs. Since its inception, the LTS&M Program has evolved in response to changing stakeholder needs, improvements in technology, and the addition of more DOE sites as remediation is completed. The mission of the LTS&M Program was to fulfill DOE’s responsibility to implement all activities necessary to ensure regulatory compliance and to protect the public and the environment from long-lived wastes associated with the nation’s nuclear energy, weapons, and research activities. Key components of the LTS&M Program included stakeholder participation, site monitoring and maintenance, records and information management, and research and technology transfer. This report presents summaries of activities conducted in 2003 in fulfillment of the LTS&M Program mission. On December 15, 2003, DOE established the Office of Legacy Management (LM) to allow for optimum management of DOE’s legacy responsibilities. Offices are located in Washington, DC, Grand Junction, Colorado, Morgantown, West Virginia, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to perform long-term site management, land management, site transition support, records management, and other related tasks. All activities formerly conducted under the LTS&M Program have been incorporated into the Office of Land and Site Management (LM–50), as well as management of remedies involving ground water and surface water contaminated by former processing activities.

  20. Induced Lorentz-violating terms at finite temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Leite; T. Mariz

    2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the radiatively induced Lorentz-violating terms at finite temperature, namely, the higher-derivative term and the Chern-Simons term. These terms are induced by integrating out the fermions coupled to the coefficient $g^{\\kappa\\mu\

  1. Short-term energy outlook, January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from January 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the fourth quarter 1998, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the January 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  2. Short-term energy outlook, July 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares The Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly for distribution on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. In addition, printed versions of the report are available to subscribers in January, April, July and October. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from July 1998 through December 1999. Values for second quarter of 1998 data, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the July 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

  3. TRIGA MARK-II source term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Usang, M. D., E-mail: mark-dennis@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Hamzah, N. S., E-mail: mark-dennis@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Abi, M. J. B., E-mail: mark-dennis@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Rawi, M. Z. M. Rawi, E-mail: mark-dennis@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Abu, M. P., E-mail: mark-dennis@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my [Bahagian Teknologi Reaktor, Agensi Nuklear Malaysia, 43000 Kajang (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ORIGEN 2.2 are employed to obtain data regarding ? source term and the radio-activity of irradiated TRIGA fuel. The fuel composition are specified in grams for use as input data. Three types of fuel are irradiated in the reactor, each differs from the other in terms of the amount of Uranium compared to the total weight. Each fuel are irradiated for 365 days with 50 days time step. We obtain results on the total radioactivity of the fuel, the composition of activated materials, composition of fission products and the photon spectrum of the burned fuel. We investigate the differences of results using BWR and PWR library for ORIGEN. Finally, we compare the composition of major nuclides after 1 year irradiation of both ORIGEN library with results from WIMS. We found only minor disagreements between the yields of PWR and BWR libraries. In comparison with WIMS, the errors are a little bit more pronounced. To overcome this errors, the irradiation power used in ORIGEN could be increased a little, so that the differences in the yield of ORIGEN and WIMS could be reduced. A more permanent solution is to use a different code altogether to simulate burnup such as DRAGON and ORIGEN-S. The result of this study are essential for the design of radiation shielding from the fuel.

  4. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely arrangements and in the wider context of protein folding, function and evolution. Given the complicated nature

  5. A New Foundation For Control-Dependence and Slicing for Modern Program Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Anindya

    A New Foundation For Control-Dependence and Slicing for Modern Program Structures Technical Report definitions and approaches to calculating control dependence are difficult to apply seamlessly to modern pro be directly applied to modern program structures. In the context of slicing reactive systems, the paper

  6. Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of Lutetium-based Interlanthanide Selenides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Geng Bang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties ofin some cases atypical magnetism. 1-21 New developments insimpler systems in term of magnetism and less investigated,

  7. Exploiting Context for Biomedical Entity Recognition: From Syntax to the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Christopher

    ) retrained on the GENIA corpus gold standard part- of-speech tagging. We also used various interaction terms

  8. Learning to predict a context-free language: Analysis of dynamics in recurrent hidden units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, Alan

    and that the opera- tion of RNNs is better understood in terms of iterated function systems (Kolen, 1994) or, more

  9. Superconducting structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

  10. Terminal structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Frank (Langenhagen, DE); Allais, Arnaud (Hannover, DE); Mirebeau, Pierre (Villebon sur Yvette, FR); Ganhungu, Francois (Vieux-Reng, FR); Lallouet, Nicolas (Saint Martin Boulogne, FR)

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A terminal structure (2) for a superconducting cable (1) is described. It consists of a conductor (2a) and an insulator (2b) that surrounds the conductor (2a), wherein the superconducting cable (1) has a core with a superconducting conductor (5) and a layer of insulation that surrounds the conductor (5), and wherein the core is arranged in such a way that it can move longitudinally in a cryostat. The conductor (2a) of the terminal structure (2) is electrically connected with the superconducting conductor (5) or with a normal conductor (6) that is connected with the superconducting conductor (5) by means of a tubular part (7) made of an electrically conductive material, wherein the superconducting conductor (5) or the normal conductor (6) can slide in the part (7) in the direction of the superconductor.

  11. Superconducting Structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kwon, Chuhee (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconductive structure including a dielectric oxide substrate, a thin buffer layer of a superconducting material thereon; and, a layer of a rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film thereon the thin layer of yttrium-barium-copper oxide, the rare earth selected from the group consisting of samarium, gadolinium, ytterbium, erbium, neodymium, dysprosium, holmium, lutetium, a combination of more than one element from the rare earth group and a combination of one or more elements from the rare earth group with yttrium, the buffer layer of superconducting material characterized as having chemical and structural compatibility with the dielectric oxide substrate and the rare earth-barium-copper oxide superconducting film is provided.

  12. Monitoring the Long-Term Safety Performance of a Repository for Used Nuclear Fuel - 12294

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villagran, J.E. [Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto (Canada)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear waste management programs of several nations include plans for the design, construction and operation of deep geological repositories. Some of these programs have initiated the licensing process for their repository designs. Monitoring strategies and systems are at different levels of development in each program and there is common ground with respect to the ultimate goal of the monitoring function. In this context, the primary functions of a monitoring system are considered to be the verification of safety performance and making available information that may be required for implementation of future decisions such as the timing of repository decommissioning and closure or the possible retrieval of waste containers. This study examines some of the relevant issues and outlines a conceptual monitoring system for further study and development during implementation of Adaptive Phased Management, the method selected by the Government of Canada for long-term management of used nuclear fuel. (author)

  13. Annual resources report. [Glossary on technical terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is separated into the following sections: acknowledgments; a table of contents; a list of tables and figures; a glossary; an introduction; an overview of the role of energy resources in New Mexico; separate sections on oil and gas, coal, electrical generation, uranium, and geothermal energy; a section on the geologic setting of oil and gas, coal, and uranium; an appendix of additional tables pertaining to oil and gas development; and a listing of selected references. The glossary is a brief listing of technical terms used in the report with simplified definitions for the reader's use. The overview contains highlights of data found in the report as well as comparisons of New Mexico's resources with those of other states and the nation. In general, each section covering a resource area describes reserves, production, prices, consumption, transportation, employment, and revenue statistics over the past ten or more years and projections to the year 2000.

  14. Ethanol seeking triggered by environmental context is attenuated by blocking dopamine D1 receptors in the nucleus accumbens core and shell in rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhri, Nadia; Sahuque, Lacey L.; Janak, Patricia H.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ment into the prior ethanol self-administration context. SCHreinstatement of responding for ethanol cues triggered byplacement into an ethanol-associated context. Keywords

  15. A review of "European Contexts for English Republicanism" edited by Gaby Mahlberg and Dirk Wiemann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwarz, Marc

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Lviv—offers a succinct and illuminating discussion of the volume and its historiographic context. Gaby Mahlberg and Dirk Wiemann, eds. European Contexts for English Republicanism. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013. xii + 273 + 5 illus. $124.95. marc... with the transmission of Harringtonian ideas into late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Prussia. There are some contributions that don’t seem to fit into a collec- tion that is dominated by Harrington’s impact. Dirk Weiman, for example, discusses a Prussian...

  16. Effects of Economic Structure on Regional Economic Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Sa Heum

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    critical factor that constitutes regional economic performance. Thus, in this dissertation, I evaluate regional economic performance in terms of both growth and stability. In most previous studies, economic structure was found to be a factor that can...

  17. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, G.A.; Twardochleb, C.Z.

    1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally ``C`` configuration of the airfoil. The generally ``C`` configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion. 6 figs.

  18. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, Gary A. (Poway, CA); Twardochleb, Christopher Z. (Alpine, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally "C" configuration of the airfoil. The generally "C" configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion.

  19. PURCHASE TERMS AND CONDITION (PTC) Article 1 Scope of application of these terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    between the University and its co-contracting parties for all government supplies and services contracts and Conditions of standard government supplies and services contracts (hereinafter, the "CCAG FCS, the stipulations of the General Administrative Terms and Conditions applicable to standard supply and services

  20. Revealing the pulsational properties of the V777 Her star KUV 05134+2605 by its long-term monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bognár, Zs; Córsico, A H; Kepler, S O; Gy?rffy, Á

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context: KUV 05134+2605 is one of the 21 pulsating DB white dwarfs (V777 Her or DBV variables) known so far. The detailed investigation of the short-period and low-amplitude pulsations of these relatively faint targets requires considerable observational efforts from the ground, long-term single-site or multisite observations. The observed amplitudes of excited modes undergo short-term variations in many cases, which makes the determination of pulsation modes difficult. Methods: We re-analysed the data already published, and collected new measurements. We compared the frequency content of the different datasets from the different epochs and performed various tests to check the reliability of the frequency determinations. The mean period spacings were investigated with linear fits to the observed periods, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Inverse Variance significance tests, and Fourier analysis of different period sets, including a Monte Carlo test simulating the effect of alias ambiguities. We employed fully evolutiona...

  1. Short-term and long-term reliability studies in the deregulated power systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yishan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The electric power industry is undergoing a restructuring process. The major goals of the change of the industry structure are to motivate competition, reduce costs and improve the service quality for consumers. In the ...

  2. A ffine Regime-Switching Models for Interest Rate Term Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shu; Zeng, Yong

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    shifts is not priced in these models, hence does not contribute independently to bond risk premiums. The purpose of the present paper is to develop a tractable latent factor model that can capture the effects of regime-switching, especially...)/??B(?, st)rt/? , where A(?, s) and B(?, s) are determined by the following differential equations ? ?B(?, s) ?? + a˜1(s)B(?, s) + 1 2 ?1(s)B 2(?, s) + ? E [ e?sA(?sB + h˜1(z))? h˜1(z) ] eh˜0(z)1(s = i)#15;z(dz) = 1 (3.2) and ? ?A(?, s) ?? + a˜0(s)B(?, s) + 1...

  3. Structure and Function of Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on these data. With the launch of Earth resources satellites in 1972, a variety of sensors have been available to collect remote sensing data. These sensors are typically satellite- based but can be used from other satellites. These different platforms (ground, aircraft, and satellite) allow evaluation of landscape

  4. Structure and Function of Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to colonize northern Hispaniola during Columbus's second voyage in 1493. Livestock originating from or Hispaniola, whereas Peplow (1958) and Wellman (1954) claimed 6 animals arrived from Hispaniola. Irrespective

  5. Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Daniel J.

    Legacy effects of past land use and disturbance are increasingly recognized, yet consistent definitions of and criteria for defining them do not exist. To address this gap in biological- and ecosystem-assessment frameworks, ...

  6. International financial crises, term structure of foreign debt and monetary policy in open economies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caliskan, Ahmet

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .2 The Representative Domestic Bank?s Problem................16 II.2.3 The Representative International Creditor?s Problem......18 II.2.4 The Parameter Space and Existence of Equilibria ...........19 II.2.4.1 Assumption on s......................................................19 II.2.4.2 Assumption on R ..................................................20 II.3 Types of Equilibria.......................................................................20 II.3.1 Overview of Equilibria with No Crises...

  7. Calculated corrections to superallowed Fermi beta decay: New evaluation of the nuclear-structure-dependent terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towner, IS; Hardy, John C.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scaled adopted expt Tz50 38mK 0.068 0.062 0.090 ~30! ,0.28a 42Sc 0.007 0.029 0.020 ~20! 0.040~9!b 46V 0.020 0.046 0.035 ~15! 0.053~5!a 50Mn 0.038 0.049 0.045 ~20! ,0.016a 54Co 0.049 0.038 0.040 ~20! 0.035~5!a 62Ga 0.089 0.084 0.085 ~20! 66As 0...

  8. Calculated corrections to superallowed Fermi beta decay: New evaluation of the nuclear-structure-dependent terms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towner, IS; Hardy, John C.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electromagnetic isovector, and sv 5 spin isovector. Parent Unquenched Quenched CNS nucleus CNS os ss ov Tz521: 10C 21.669 0.002 20.283 20.002 14O 21.360 20.008 20.341 0.082 18Ne 21.531 20.011 20.249 20.119 22Mg 21.046 20.009 20.222 20.067 26Si 20.986 20...

  9. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA Brian identified as a catalyst to software industry and software exports development. Software development exports policy formulation. The complexities are highlighted through the case study of Costa Rica where

  10. A Blind Multi-User MIMO Transceiver using Code Modulation in a Multipath Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Blind Multi-User MIMO Transceiver using Code Modulation in a Multipath Context #3; Olivier| A deterministic blind equalizer for Multi- User Multiple Inout Multiple Output systemas (Multi-User MIMO systems techniques that use a cyclic pre#12;x. The results show that the proposed blind equalization method performs

  11. Architectural Implications for Context Adaptive Smart Spaces Paddy Nixon1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Simon

    the building, users cannot interact with the building itself. By contrast a smart building or smart spaceArchitectural Implications for Context Adaptive Smart Spaces Paddy Nixon1,2 Simon Dobson2 Sotirios Clifton House, Lower Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin 2 Ireland Simon.Dobson@aurium.net Abstract: Buildings

  12. Computer games in educational contexts didactic challenges Associate Professor Vigdis Vangsnes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    1 Computer games in educational contexts ­ didactic challenges Associate Professor Vigdis Vangsnes have looked specifically at the challenges that the educator faces in the didactic interaction when implementation in kindergartens. Because we consider the game itself and the didactic situation as a staging

  13. MyCampus: An Agent-Based Environment for Context-Aware Mobile Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    MyCampus: An Agent-Based Environment for Context-Aware Mobile Services Norman M. Sadeh School-3891 USA tingchak@andrew.cmu.edu Linh Van School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891 USA lvan@andrew.cmu.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we introduce My

  14. Group Dynamics in a Security Risk Management Team Context: A Teaching Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Group Dynamics in a Security Risk Management Team Context: A Teaching Case Study Rostyslav-up of security risk management teams and their performance. Three different models were used to construct team security risk management tasks. The study has shown that there is a possible correlation between the teams

  15. Animation de mod`eles UML -Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Animation de mod`eles UML - Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids Rachida Seghiri T'arriv´ee des Smartgrids dans le domaine ´electrique apporte de profonds changements au sein des Syst`emes d, nous ´etayons cet ´etat de l'art par la simulation d'un cas m´etier illustratif des Smartgrids en

  16. Recognizing and Interpreting Gestures within the Context of an Intelligent Robot Control Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    , can also support other forms of communication, and b) task contexts can act as resources for communica reasoning research in robot intelligence (Firby 1989 Gat1992 Connell 1992 Slack1992 Yu, Slack,& Miller 1994 Elsaesser & Slack 1994) and has proven useful for enabling mobile robots to accomplish tasks in eld

  17. Sourcing team success: Team studies in a purchasing and supply management context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    1 Sourcing team success: Team studies in a purchasing and supply management context Dissertation by Boudewijn A. Driedonks Summary Sourcing teams have become an increasingly important form of organization in purchasing and supply management. Sourcing teams, also referred to as category or commodity teams

  18. Indian agricultural development in the context of economic reforms. Causes of change and issues for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Indian agricultural development in the context of economic reforms. Causes of change and issues the influence of reforms in the 1990s regarding the agricultural development in India. Many studies have sector rather than on the agricultural sector. After India gained independence, the government

  19. Placing Search in Context: The Concept Revisited Lev Finkelstein, Evgeniy Gabrilovich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matias, Yossi

    Placing Search in Context: The Concept Revisited Lev Finkelstein, Evgeniy Gabrilovich , Yossi-based search engines are in widespread use today as a popular means for Web-based information retrieval to satisfy non-trivial information needs. This paper presents a new conceptual paradigm for performing search

  20. Towards a Quantitative Evaluation of Geospatial Metadata Quality in the Context of Semantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards a Quantitative Evaluation of Geospatial Metadata Quality in the Context of Semantic to facilitate the reuse of geospatial data in a distributed and heterogeneous environment. In this process, the provided geospatial metadata that are appropriate for the intended use may be incomplete or not appropriate

  1. Context-aware energy-efficient wireless sensor architecture for body activity recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    conditions [13], [15], [16], and the usage of devices with higher computing, storage and energy capabilitiesContext-aware energy-efficient wireless sensor architecture for body activity recognition Tifenn 60205 Compiègne, France Abstract--In this paper, we present EEWAA, a new Energy- Efficient Wireless

  2. Context-Free Grep and Hierarchical Diff Gabriel A. Weaver and Sean W. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    paradigms. In network administration however, there is a rise in high-level languages. Traditional grep administrators that such tools would be of practical use. A network administrator may use our Context-Free Grep instances of the service-policy command within two of the router's interfaces. A network administrator may

  3. Context-Free Grep and Hierarchical Diff1 Gabriel A. Weaver and Sean W. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -level languages for system and network administrators are increasingly on the rise over flat-file or line. Using context-free grep, a network administrator may extract blocks of Cisco IOS related to "security Abstract The rise in high-level programming languages in system in net- work administration has affected

  4. Technology and Education: Putting it in context A summary of the final Capital Research Project report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Technology and Education: Putting it in context A summary of the final Capital Research Project-00593093,version1-13May2011 #12;1 Box 1: Capital Project Capital (Curriculum and Pedagogy in Technology media and research claims such as these about the educational value of new technologies. But often

  5. TIME-FREQUENCY-PHASE COHERENCE GENERAL FRAMEWORK FOR SIGNAL ANALYSIS IN PASSIVE CONTEXT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    behavior (underwater mammals vocalizations) and electronic warfare will prove the efficiency case, the passive behavior of the signal intelligence field is a well-known problem in the electronic warfare problem. In this paper we propose a general signal analysis framework in passive context. We show

  6. Smart Sinks: Real-World Opportunities for Context-Aware Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with real-time feedback on the temperature of the water. Colored LEDs powered by a solid-state micro at the sink can motivate users to conserve water. Used in combination with an RFID reader, the sink can serve Conservation, Behavior Change, Context Aware Computing. Intelligent Systems, Health, Safety, Hygiene

  7. Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    and Kutulukskaya svitas, of equivalent age). This succession documents major climatic changes, with increasing aridity through the Late Permian. The climate changes are manifested in changing sedimentationUpper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia Valentin P

  8. An Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Approach for Voltage Sag Detection in a Smart Grid Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    An Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Approach for Voltage Sag Detection in a Smart Grid Context Yassine Amirat1,2 , Mohamed Benbouzid2 , Tianzhen Wang3 and Sylvie Turri2 Abstract­Smart grids have become, using the instantaneous power for voltage sags detection in smart grids. Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy

  9. High Resolution SAR Interferometry: influence of local topography in the context of glacier monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    High Resolution SAR Interferometry: influence of local topography in the context of glacier the opportu- nity to measure temperate glacier surface topography and displacement between the two for glacier activity monitoring, by providing regular measure- ments such as surface topography, velocity

  10. IEA-SHC Task 27: Environmental Performance Assessment of glazing and windows: context, overview, main concerns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEA-SHC Task 27: Environmental Performance Assessment of glazing and windows: context, overview, environmental quality criteria will just widen the actual scope of the technical assessment of building products. The first question is a double one : Who will use environmental criteria related to the building products

  11. L'intgration des Supply chains Internationales impliques au Maroc : Le rle du contexte culturel.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    « L'intégration des Supply chains Internationales impliquées au Maroc : Le rôle du contexte, Culture, Maroc. Abstract : This Article asks the question on the nature and the bases of development extérieur au Maroc, Maroc (2010)" #12;Introduction : Face à la mondialisation de l'économie et l

  12. High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bicknell, Geoff

    High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context 1 Some references The following set of volumes is an outstanding summary of the field of High Energy Astrophysics and its relation to the rest of Astrophysics High Energy Astrophysics, Vols. 1,2 and 3. M.S. Longair, Cam- bridge University

  13. An Interactive Context-aware Power Management Technique for Optimizing Sensor Network Lifetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    An Interactive Context-aware Power Management Technique for Optimizing Sensor Network Lifetime an important event with desired fidelity). To that end, in this paper we propose a novel interactive power sensor data and system specifications (battery and solar panel specs, sensing and communication costs

  14. Understanding Gene Sequence Variation in the Context of Transcription Regulation in Yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamir, Ron

    Understanding Gene Sequence Variation in the Context of Transcription Regulation in Yeast Irit Gat-Viks1. *, Renana Meller2. , Martin Kupiec3 , Ron Shamir2 1 Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, 2 School of Computer Science

  15. Composition of Municipal Solid Waste-Need for Thermal Treatment in the present Indian context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Composition of Municipal Solid Waste- Need for Thermal Treatment in the present Indian context of an eternally inherent low heating value on the other. Current status of Solid Waste Management The MSW Rules front in India17 . None of the major metros have any projects of significant scale of Solid Waste

  16. Application of Artificial Neural Network in Social Computing in the Context of Third World Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    Application of Artificial Neural Network in Social Computing in the Context of Third World - In the last decade, applications associated with artificial neural network (ANN) has been gaining popularity amount of data, application of computational tools like Artificial Neural Network, Association rules

  17. DNA damage responses in the context of the cell division cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giunta, Simona

    2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    During my PhD, I have investigated aspects of the DNA damage response (DDR) in the context of three different cellular scenarios: DNA damage signalling in response to double-strand breaks during mitosis, coordination of DNA replication with DNA...

  18. Calorimetry and exergy analysis in the context of renewable energy devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Calorimetry and exergy analysis in the context of renewable energy devices: Supercapacitors characterization of technolog- ical devices necessary in a renewable energy society. More specifically resistivity of the device, and hence the loss of exergy in the energy storing process. In the experimental

  19. A Programming Model for Context-Aware Applications in Large-Scale Pervasive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    .g. pervasive health-care, city traffic monitoring, environmental monitoring, smart grids). These large- scale, and smart grids. These systems differ significantly from conventional context-aware systems, which focus. Examples of such trends are pervasive health-care, city traffic scheduling, environmental monitoring

  20. Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora Center Leo Apostel natural selection is often viewed as synonymous with evolution, it is widely felt to be inadequate as a theory of biological evolution; moreover, historically the concept of evolution has not been limited

  1. A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net- Energy Buildings Youngcheol Kang1, there have been various efforts to design and develop zero-net-energy (ZNE) buildings. A ZNE building a significant portion of energy produced in the United States. In order to achieve Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE

  2. Context-dependent savings in procedural category learning Matthew J. Crossley a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    treatments for a variety of behavioral afflictions. For example, relapse of drug addiction is often triggered where patients often relapse soon after leaving the context of the treatment facility. A similar pattern not been carefully examined in the laboratory. Here, we provide the first known empirical demonstration

  3. SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risbey, James S.

    SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE of climate variability and change in agricultural adaptation, and developed for a case study of Australian, agriculture, climate change, decision-making, variability 1. Introduction The global agricultural industry

  4. Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments in a Global Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments in a Global Context by Matthew Johnston. All rights reserved. #12;#12;Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments on the subject of biodiesel, but I can only hope she takes comfort knowing now much I appreciate everything she

  5. Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision Making Using representation, Reasoning under uncertainty 1 Introduction As the development of Smart Homes (SH) has gained.chahuara,francois.portet,michel.vacher}imag.fr Abstract. This research addresses the issue of building home automa- tion systems reactive to voice

  6. Making Context Aware Decision from Uncertain Information in a Smart Home: a Markov Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Making Context Aware Decision from Uncertain Information in a Smart Home: a Markov Logic Network. The approach has been experiemented in a real smart home with naive and users with special needs. Keywords 1 Introduction As the development of Smart Homes (SH) has gained a growing interest among many

  7. Context-free Grammars and Multivariate Stable Polynomials over Stirling Permutations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Bill

    Context-free Grammars and Multivariate Stable Polynomials over Stirling Permutations William Y of some results of B´ona, Brenti, Janson, Kuba, and Panholzer concerning Stirling permutations. Let Bn(x) be the generating polynomials of the descent statistic over Legendre-Stirling permutations, and let Tn(x) = 2n Cn

  8. Context-based polynomial extrapolation and slackened synchronization for fast multi-core simulation using FMI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    updates for the mod- els inputs. An internal combustion engine, based on FMI for model exchange, is usedContext-based polynomial extrapolation and slackened synchronization for fast multi-core simulation by multi-core chips, calls for the parallelization of simulation. Simu- lation speed-ups are expected from

  9. CERAMIC COMPOSITES FOR NEAR TERM REACTOR APPLICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Windes, Will [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Katoh, Yutai [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, two composites types are being developed for incore application: carbon fiber carbon composite (CFC), and silicon carbide fiber composite (SiC/SiC.) Irradiation effects studies have been carried out over the past few decades yielding radiation-tolerant CFC's and a composite of SiC/SiC with no apparent degradation in mechanical properties to very high neutron exposure. While CFC's can be engineered with significantly higher thermal conductivity, and a slight advantage in manufacturability than SiC/SiC, they do have a neutron irradiation-limited lifetime. The SiC composite, while possessing lower thermal conductivity (especially following irradiation), appears to have mechanical properties insensitive to irradiation. Both materials are currently being produced to sizes much larger than that considered for nuclear application. In addition to materials aspects, results of programs focusing on practical aspects of deploying composites for near-term reactors will be discussed. In particular, significant progress has been made in the fabrication, testing, and qualification of composite gas-cooled reactor control rod sheaths and the ASTM standardization required for eventual qualification.

  10. Short-term energy outlook, April 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from April 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the first quarter 1999, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the April 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated forecasting system (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 25 figs., 19 tabs.

  11. THE SPECTRUM AND TERM ANALYSIS OF V II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorne, A. P.; Pickering, J. C.; Semeniuk, J. I., E-mail: j.pickering@imperial.ac.uk [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum and extended term analysis of V II are presented. Fourier transform spectrometry was used to record high resolution spectra of singly ionized vanadium in the region 1492-5800 A (67020-17260 cm{sup -1}) with vanadium-neon and vanadium-argon hollow cathode lamps as sources. The wavenumber uncertainty for the center of gravity of the strongest lines is typically 0.002 cm{sup -1}, an improvement of an order of magnitude over previous measurements. Most of the lines exhibit partly resolved hyperfine structure. The V II energy levels in the 1985 compilation of Sugar and Corliss have been confirmed and revised, with the exception of the high-lying 4f levels and eight of the lower levels. Thirty-nine of the additional eighty-five high levels published by Iglesias et al. have also been confirmed and revised, and three of their missing levels have been found. The energy uncertainty of the revised levels has been reduced by about an order of magnitude. In total, 176 even levels and 233 odd levels are presented. Wavenumbers and classifications are given for 1242 V II lines.

  12. Higher Derivative Terms in Three Dimensional Supersymmetric Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adel Awad; Mir Faizal

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we systematically analyze higher derivative terms in the effective actions for three dimensional scalar field theories with $\\mathcal{N} =1$ supersymmetry. In these effective actions, we show that the auxiliary fields do not acquire kinetic terms and their effective actions can be expressed in terms of physical fields. We use the derivative expansion to generate four, five and six dimensional terms for $\\phi^6$ scalar field theory with $\\mathcal{N} =1$ supersymmetry. We show that along with pure fermionic terms, there are various five and six dimensional topological terms that contain bosonic and fermionic fields. Finally, we use these results to obtain higher derivative topological terms in the effective action for two M2-branes. Thus, using an off-shell formalism, we obtain several higher derivative topological terms, which we compare with an earlier study that was done using an on-shell formalism.

  13. Higher Derivative Terms in Three Dimensional Supersymmetric Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awad, Adel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we systematically analyze higher derivative terms in the effective actions for three dimensional scalar field theories with $\\mathcal{N} =1$ supersymmetry. In these effective actions, we show that the auxiliary fields do not acquire kinetic terms and their effective actions can be expressed in terms of physical fields. We use the derivative expansion to generate four, five and six dimensional terms for $\\phi^6$ scalar field theory with $\\mathcal{N} =1$ supersymmetry. We show that along with pure fermionic terms, there are various five and six dimensional topological terms that contain bosonic and fermionic fields. Finally, we use these results to obtain higher derivative topological terms in the effective action for two M2-branes. Thus, using an off-shell formalism, we obtain several higher derivative topological terms, which we compare with an earlier study that was done using an on-shell formalism.

  14. Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance Fiscal Year...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance (LTS-O&M) subtask has a critical long-term surveillance and maintenance (LTS&M) role for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)...

  15. Strategies for Defining and Understanding Critical Technology Integration Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagehi, Ahmed Yahya

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of three online instructional strategies (Text-only, Text plus Video, and Text plus Video plus Question) in conveying meaning to native and non-native English speakers. During the term identification phase, educational technology experts reviewed 79 terms...

  16. Line-of-Credit to Term Loans (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CDA’s Line-of-Credit to Term Loans good for one year for capital expenditures, converting to a fully amortizing term loan. Funds may be used for building expansion, equipment, or IT upgrades.

  17. Negative kinetic energy term of general relativity and its removing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mei

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We first present a new Lagrangian of general relativity, which can be divided into kinetic energy term and potential energy term. Taking advantage of vierbein formalism, we reduce the kinetic energy term to a sum of five positive terms and one negative term. Some gauge conditions removing the negative kinetic energy term are discussed. Finally, we present a Lagrangian that only include positive kinetic energy terms. To remove the negative kinetic energy term leads to a new field equation of general relativity in which there are at least five equations of constraint and at most five dynamical equations, this characteristic is different from the normal Einstein field equation in which there are four equations of constraint and six dynamical equations.

  18. Oxford University Final Honour Schools Trinity Term 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Oxford University Final Honour Schools Trinity Term 2007 Mathematics and Statistics Part A: First and Friday of week 9 in Trinity Term, June 21nd and 22rd 2007, but these dates should be regarded

  19. Oxford University Final Honour Schools Trinity Term 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Oxford University Final Honour Schools Trinity Term 2007 Mathematics and Statistics Part A: Second, the examination will be held on Thursday and Friday of week 9 in Trinity Term, June 21st and 22nd 2007, in Ewert

  20. Campus Planning Committee 2014-2015 Position Name Membership Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Kuehne Ex Officio, term n/a Vice President External Relations (or designate) Carmen Charette Ex Officio

  1. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. Third quarter 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the 1997 third quarter short term energy projections. Information is presented for fossil fuels and renewable energy.

  2. A three-term conjugate gradient method with sufficient descent ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, some numerical results of the proposed method are given. keyword; Unconstrained optimization, three-term conjugate gradient method, sufficient.

  3. Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Context of Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is centered on the role of smart buildings in the context ofdiscuss the role of smart buildings in the emerging smart61]. Introduction Smart buildings today have sophisticated

  4. Decentralized Fault Detection and Isolation in Wireless Structural Health Monitoring Systems using Analytical Redundancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    1/43 Decentralized Fault Detection and Isolation in Wireless Structural Health Monitoring Systems when deploying wireless sensor networks for long-term structural health monitoring (SHM) is the correct Fault detection and isolation, structural health monitoring, wireless sensing, smart structures

  5. Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Semester, Academic Year and Short Term SUNY Programs: Asia #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use Year 10 Japan Short-term 12 Korea Semester & Academic Year 13 Korea Short-term 17 Programs in Other Contact Information 23 How to Use this Booklet This handout contains listings of all the programs offered

  6. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. First quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short- term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets.

  7. Page 1 of 8 Reviewing Current Term Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    the Report Search (available Feb 09) function. When the current term reporting period closes, those reports will only be accessible from the Report Search function and the new term reports will be displayed. When the current term reporting period closes, reports are only accessible from the Report Search

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olufsen, Mette Sofie

    in short-term cardiovascular­respiratory regulation, (ii) to develop mathematical models that can improve involved in short-term cardio- vascular­respiratory control include auto-regulation of vasculature, controlORIGINAL PAPER Introduction to the Special Issues: Short-term Cardiovascular­Respiratory Control

  9. 54 | P a g e Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    in campus sustainability by: o Working together to reduce the amount of water, energy and products we use 54 | P a g e Terms of Reference DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY Rethink: Sustainability on Campus SUSTAINABILITY TEAMS Terms of Reference 1.0 Introduction These terms of reference

  10. Final Honour School of Mathematics and Statistics Trinity Term 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Final Honour School of Mathematics and Statistics Trinity Term 2007 Guidance notes for 4th year of preferences) is Friday of week 9, Trinity Term. · The deadline for submission of the form for approval of personalised projects is Monday of week 6, Trinity Term. · · A selection of project suggestions is compiled

  11. Short-term nitrogen-15 recovery vs. long-term total soil N gains in conventional and alternative cropping systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    -term 15 N tracer experiments did not re¯ect known long- term trends of increased total soil N with conventional cropping systems that use high quantities of external energy in the form of fuel, fertilizers to sequester soil C and N and renew the ability of soil to sustain long-term nutrient availability. Studies

  12. III. VALUE OF LONG-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Long-term solar radiation data sets are scarce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    5 III. VALUE OF LONG-TERM SOLAR RADIATION DATA Long-term solar radiation data sets are scarce due answered. The utilizability of 5, 15, and 30-year solar radiation data sets is summarized as follows. · 5-year data sets determine the long-term average solar radiation with a fair degree of accuracy, but do

  13. Photonic Crystal Laser-Driven Accelerator Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowan, Benjamin M.

    2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Laser-driven acceleration holds great promise for significantly improving accelerating gradient. However, scaling the conventional process of structure-based acceleration in vacuum down to optical wavelengths requires a substantially different kind of structure. We require an optical waveguide that (1) is constructed out of dielectric materials, (2) has transverse size on the order of a wavelength, and (3) supports a mode with speed-of-light phase velocity in vacuum. Photonic crystals---structures whose electromagnetic properties are spatially periodic---can meet these requirements. We discuss simulated photonic crystal accelerator structures and describe their properties. We begin with a class of two-dimensional structures which serves to illustrate the design considerations and trade-offs involved. We then present a three-dimensional structure, and describe its performance in terms of accelerating gradient and efficiency. We discuss particle beam dynamics in this structure, demonstrating a method for keeping a beam confined to the waveguide. We also discuss material and fabrication considerations. Since accelerating gradient is limited by optical damage to the structure, the damage threshold of the dielectric is a critical parameter. We experimentally measure the damage threshold of silicon for picosecond pulses in the infrared, and determine that our structure is capable of sustaining an accelerating gradient of 300 MV/m at 1550 nm. Finally, we discuss possibilities for manufacturing these structures using common microfabrication techniques.

  14. Development and characterization of a new MgSO4-zeolite composite for long-term thermal energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the material. For that specific purpose, a new thermal energy storage composite material has been developed expanded structure for MgSO4, with energy densities of 150-400 kWh.m-3 at a storage temperature compatible. Keywords: thermal energy storage; thermochemical process; long-term storage; zeolites; magnesium sulphate

  15. Long Term Thermal Stability In Air Of Ionic Liquid Based Alternative Heat Transfer Fluids For Clean Energy Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, Elise B; Kendrick, Sarah E.; Visser, Ann E.; Bridges, Nicholas J.

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term aging on the thermal stability and chemical structure of seven different ILs so as to explore their suitability for use as a heat transfer fluid. This was accomplished by heating the ILs for 15 weeks at 200?C in an oxidizing environment and performing subsequent analyses on the aged chemicals.

  16. Integrating Long-Term Avian Studies with Planning and Adaptive Management: Department of Energy Lands as a Case Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, J.

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term bio-monitoring of avian communities have been initiated, but they often lack a management component. Integration of the managers needs at an early stage is suggested as a means to increase the use of the data. Variation in community structure is important in understanding impacts. In addition, reference site must be carefully selected.

  17. Physics Education Research and Contexts of Student Learning Why do university students exit courses capable of solving difficult analytic problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, Noah

    Physics Education Research and Contexts of Student Learning Why do university students exit courses? Building on the well-established foundations of physics education research that have focused on student from which we may understand student learning in physics ­ one that emphasizes learning in context

  18. Automotive Cyber Physical Systems in the Context of Human Mobility Daniel Work, Alexandre Bayen, and Quinn Jacobson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automotive Cyber Physical Systems in the Context of Human Mobility Daniel Work, Alexandre Bayen with other technologies. In the larger context of human mobility, the automotive CPS must become more open in the surrounding physical environment. II. FUNDAMENTAL LIMITATIONS OF THE EXISTING AUTOMOTIVE CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEM

  19. Use of short-term test systems for the prediction of the hazard represented by potential chemical carcinogens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glass, L.R.; Jones, T.D.; Easterly, C.E.; Walsh, P.J.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been hypothesized that results from short-term bioassays will ultimately provide information that will be useful for human health hazard assessment. Historically, the validity of the short-term tests has been assessed using the framework of the epidemiologic/medical screens. In this context, the results of the carcinogen (long-term) bioassay is generally used as the standard. However, this approach is widely recognized as being biased and, because it employs qualitative data, cannot be used to assist in isolating those compounds which may represent a more significant toxicologic hazard than others. In contrast, the goal of this research is to address the problem of evaluating the utility of the short-term tests for hazard assessment using an alternative method of investigation. Chemicals were selected mostly from the list of carcinogens published by the International Agency for Research on Carcinogens (IARC); a few other chemicals commonly recognized as hazardous were included. Tumorigenicity and mutagenicity data on 52 chemicals were obtained from the Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) and were analyzed using a relative potency approach. The data were evaluated in a format which allowed for a comparison of the ranking of the mutagenic relative potencies of the compounds (as estimated using short-term data) vs. the ranking of the tumorigenic relative potencies (as estimated from the chronic bioassays). Although this was a preliminary investigation, it offers evidence that the short-term tests systems may be of utility in ranking the hazards represented by chemicals which may contribute to increased carcinogenesis in humans as a result of occupational or environmental exposures. 177 refs., 8 tabs.

  20. A.W.N. Pugin's English residential architecture in its context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittain-Catlin, Timothy John

    2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Contents Vol I: The Dissertation and Appendices Chapters page 1 Introduction and Literature Survey 1 2 The Historical and Theoretical Background to Pugin’s Residential Architecture 26 3 The Architectural Context of Pugin... . For example, much work has been done by Belcher in identifying references in contemporary press, and no attempt is made here to duplicate that endeavour.3 In 2 Wedgwood 1994, p 43. 3 In Belcher 1987. A...

  1. A review of "Shifting Contexts: Reinterpreting Samson Agonistes" by Joseph Wittreich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William B. Hunter

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of which are sketched very impressively in this important volume. Joseph Wittreich. Shifting Contexts: Reinterpreting Samson Agonistes. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2002. xxxii + 352 pp.+ 5 illus. $60.00. Review by WILLIAM B. HUNTER... Skulsky (1995), John Shawcross, and Derek Wood (both 2001), plus collections of essays edited by George Maclean (1995) and by Mark Kelley and Joseph Wittreich (2002). Earlier books on Samson by Mary Ann Radzinowicz (1978) and Wittreich (1986) won...

  2. Children with disabilities in the context of disaster: A social vulnerability perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through a social vulnerability perspective they all can be seen as lacking access to vital economic and social resources, possessing lim- ited autonomy and power, and having low levels of social capital (Morrow, 1999). They also, for socio- historical... of these socially vulnerable populations, but we do not yet know what parts of the community infrastructure are most critical to support their resilience in the post- disaster context. Given the dearth of empirical studies that actu- ally explore how disaster...

  3. The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages. A pumping lemma can. #12; Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let A be a CFL. There exists a num- ber p, for all w, if jsj; ) uvRyz #3; ) uvxyz S u R z R y v x #12; Using the Pumping Lemma A 1 = fa n b n c n : n #21; 0g Choose

  4. Final Scientific/Technical Report: Context-Aware Smart Home Energy Manager (CASHEM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foslien, Wendy K; Curtner, Keith L

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of growing energy demands and shortages, residential home owners are turning to energy conservation measures and smart home energy management devices to help them reduce energy costs and live more sustainably. In this context, the Honeywell team researched, developed, and tested the Context Aware Smart Home Energy Manager (CASHEM) as a trusted advisor for home energy management. The project focused on connecting multiple devices in a home through a uniform user interface. The design of the user interface was an important feature of the project because it provided a single place for the homeowner to control all devices and was also where they received coaching. CASHEM then used data collected from homes to identify the contexts that affect operation of home appliances. CASHEM�s goal was to reduce energy consumption while keeping the user�s key needs satisfied. Thus, CASHEM was intended to find the opportunities to minimize energy consumption in a way that fit the user�s lifestyle.

  5. Selection of Long-Term Reference Frames in Dual-Frame Video Coding Using Simulated Annealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwari, M.; Cosman, P. C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Index Terms—Dual-frame video coding, long-term reference frame, simulated annealing, video compression.

  6. Structure-Preserving Sparsification of Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindner, Gerd; Hamann, Michael; Meyerhenke, Henning; Wagner, Dorothea

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sparsification reduces the size of networks while preserving structural and statistical properties of interest. Various sparsifying algorithms have been proposed in different contexts. We contribute the first systematic conceptual and experimental comparison of \\textit{edge sparsification} methods on a diverse set of network properties. It is shown that they can be understood as methods for rating edges by importance and then filtering globally by these scores. In addition, we propose a new sparsification method (\\textit{Local Degree}) which preserves edges leading to local hub nodes. All methods are evaluated on a set of 100 Facebook social networks with respect to network properties including diameter, connected components, community structure, and multiple node centrality measures. Experiments with our implementations of the sparsification methods (using the open-source network analysis tool suite NetworKit) show that many network properties can be preserved down to about 20\\% of the original set of edges....

  7. University of Pittsburgh SUMMER TERM HOUSING/FOOD SERVICES CONTRACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    1 University of Pittsburgh SUMMER TERM HOUSING/FOOD SERVICES CONTRACT/Food Services Contract (this "Contract") is made by and between the University of Pittsburgh

  8. Preliminary/Sample Residential EE Loan Term Sheet and Underwriting...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sheet for single family residential energy efficiency loans. Author: Energy Efficiency Finance Corp. PreliminarySample Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Term Sheet & Underwriting...

  9. Identification and Characterization of Near-Term Direct Hydrogen...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Publications Identification and Characterization of Near-Term Direct Hydrogen PEM Fuel Cell Markets 2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report 2008 Fuel Cell Technologies...

  10. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The feature article for this issue is Demand, Supply and Price Outlook for Reformulated Gasoline, 1995.

  11. ORISE: Applications being accepted for 2015 spring term of DOE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    being accepted for 2015 spring term of DOE's Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program at ORNL Students have the opportunity to perform research alongside...

  12. Optimization Online - A three-term conjugate gradient method with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y Narushima

    2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 3, 2009 ... A three-term conjugate gradient method with sufficient descent property for unconstrained optimization. Y Narushima(narusima ***at*** ...

  13. An Analytical Framework for Long Term Policy for Commercial Deployment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    An Analytical Framework for Long Term Policy for Commercial Deployment and Innovation in Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technology in the United States Jump to: navigation,...

  14. Nevada Department of Transportation - Terms and Conditions Relating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transportation - Terms and Conditions Relating to Highway Occupancy Permits Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Nevada Department of...

  15. Long-Term Lightweight MaterialVehicle Technologies Office: Long...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Researchs Research In the long term, advanced materials such as magnesium and carbon fiber reinforced composites could reduce the weight of some components by 50-75...

  16. Identification and Evaluation of Near-term Opportunities for...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and model simulations. Near-term Pathways * Waste-heat recovery - Bottoming cycles - Turbo-compounding - Thermo-electrics * Reduce heat loss - Advanced combustion modes -...

  17. Analysis of ABCB phosphoglycoproteins (PGPs) and their contribution to monocot biomass, structural stability, and productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Angus Stuart [Purdue University

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts to manipulate production of plant secondary cell walls to improve the quality of biofuel feedstocks are currently limited by an inability to regulate the transport of small molecule components out of the cell. Plant ABCB p-glycoproteins are a small family of plasma membrane organic molecule transporters that have become primary targets for this effort, as they can potentially be harnessed to control the export of aromatic compounds and organic acids. However, unlike promiscuous mammalian ABCBs that function in multidrug resistance, all plant ABCB proteins characterized to date exhibit relatively narrow substrate specificity. Although ABCBs exhibit a highly conserved architecture, efforts to modify ABCB activity have been hampered by a lack of structural information largely because an eukaryotic ABCB protein crystal structure has yet to be obtained. Structure/ function analyses have been further impeded by the lack of a common heterologous expression system that can be used to characterize recombinant ABCB proteins, as many cannot be functionally expressed in S. cereviseae or other systems where proteins with analogous function can be readily knocked out. Using experimentally-determined plant ABCB substrate affinities and the crystal structure of the bacterial Sav1866 “half” ABC transporter, we have developed sequence/structure models for ABCBs that provide a testable context for mutational analysis of plant ABCB transporters. We have also developed a flexible heterologous expression system in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in which all endogenous ABC transporters have been knocked out. The effectiveness of this system for transport studies has been demonstrated by the successful functional expression all of the known PIN, AUX/LAX and ABCB auxin transporters. Our central hypothesis is that the domains of the ABCB proteins that we have identified as substrate docking sites and regulators of transport directionality can be altered or swapped to alter the transport characteristics of the proteins. We propose to combine computer modelling, mutational analyses, and complementation of well characterized Arabidopsis abcb4,14,and 19 mutants to elucidate ABCB function. The long term objective of this project is to enhance ABCB transport of cell wall components, to manipulate the direction of ABCB substrate transport, and, ultimately, to produce “designer” ABC transporters that can be used to modify plant feedstock quality.

  18. Structure and thermodynamics of surface recognition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, G.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Interactions of the surface glycoprotein, gp120, with the receptors of host cells define the pathogenesis of HIV-1, the virus that causes AIDS. gp120 is made of several disulfide-bridged loops--the amino acid sequences of some of these loops are fairly conserved whereas the rest are variable. The third variable (V3) loop has been the target of vaccine design for quite some time since this loop is involved in various steps of viral pathogenesis. However, this loop also happens to be the most variable one. The authors have carried out structural and immunological studies to determine the sequence-structure-antigenicity correlations of the HIV-1 V3 loops. This resulted in the identification of a secondary structure at the tip of the V3 loop that remains invariant in spite of the sequence variation. The authors designed a multi-valent V3-based antigen that presents multiple copies of the same tip element several times in the same structure. During the course of this project, they realized that the protective epitopes of gp120 should be judged in the context of the native structure. Therefore, the authors developed a method to obtain a model of gp120 that is consistent with all the immunology and virology data. This model is useful in choosing or designing gp120 subdomains for vaccine development.

  19. Re-appraisal and extension of the Gratton-Vargas two-dimensional analytical snowplow model of plasma focus evolution in the context of contemporary research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auluck, S K H

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent resurgence of interest in applications of dense plasma focus and doubts about the conventional view of dense plasma focus as a purely irrotational compressive flow have re-opened questions concerning device optimization. In this context, this paper re-appraises and extends the analytical snowplow model of plasma focus sheath evolution developed by F. Gratton and J.M. Vargas (GV) (Energy Storage, Compression and Switching, Ed. V. Nardi, H. Sahlin, and W. H. Bostick, Eds., vol. 2. New York: Plenum, 1983, p. 353) and shows its relevance to contemporary research. The GV model enables construction of a special orthogonal coordinate system in which the plasma flow problem can be simplified and a model of sheath structure can be formulated. The LPP plasma focus facility, which reports neutron yield better than global scaling law, is shown to be operating closer to an optimum operating point of the GV model as compared with PF-1000.

  20. Re-appraisal and extension of the Gratton-Vargas two-dimensional analytical snowplow model of plasma focus evolution in the context of contemporary research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auluck, S. K. H. [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)] [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent resurgence of interest in applications of dense plasma focus and doubts about the conventional view of dense plasma focus as a purely irrotational compressive flow have re-opened questions concerning device optimization. In this context, this paper re-appraises and extends the analytical snowplow model of plasma focus sheath evolution developed by F. Gratton and J. M. Vargas [Energy Storage, Compression and Switching, edited by V. Nardi, H. Sahlin, and W. H. Bostick (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 2, p. 353)] and shows its relevance to contemporary research. The Gratton-Vargas (GV) model enables construction of a special orthogonal coordinate system in which the plasma flow problem can be simplified and a model of sheath structure can be formulated. The Lawrenceville Plasma Physics (LPP) plasma focus facility, which reports neutron yield better than global scaling law, is shown to be operating closer to an optimum operating point of the GV model as compared with PF-1000.

  1. Amino-acid-dependent main-chain torsion-energy terms for protein systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakae, Yoshitake

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many commonly used force fields for protein systems such as AMBER, CHARMM, GROMACS, OPLS, and ECEPP have amino-acid-independent force-field parameters of main-chain torsion-energy terms. Here, we propose a new type of amino-acid-dependent torsion-energy terms in the force fields. As an example, we applied this approach to AMBER ff03 force field and determined new amino-acid-dependent parameters for $\\psi$ and $\\psi'$ angles for each amino acid by using our optimization method, which is one of the knowledge-based approach. In order to test the validity of the new force-field parameters, we then performed folding simulations of $\\alpha$-helical and $\\beta$-hairpin peptides, using the optimized force field. The results showed that the new force-field parameters gave structures more consistent with the experimental implications than the original AMBER ff03 force field.

  2. Long-term Turnaround Planning for Integrated Chemical Sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Long-term Turnaround Planning for Integrated Chemical Sites Satya Amaran, Tong Zhang, Nick Company) 1 #12;Problem Statement · Exploit network interactions, storage availability, and prices considerations · Future/current work ­ Medium-term turnaround scheduling under duration uncertainty for manpower

  3. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: Italy Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 8 Contact of programs offered in Italy by SUNY campuses. These listings provide a summary about the basic

  4. SUNY Programs: Semester, Academic Year and Short Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: France Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 A Brief Overview 2 Semester and Academic Year Programs 3 Short Term Programs 6 SUNY Programs in Canada and other Francophone Locations 9 Recommended non-SUNY Program 11 Contact Information for all SUNY

  5. Short-term energy outlook, annual supplement 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (Supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  6. Short-term energy outlook annual supplement, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

  7. Natural Resources Wales Standard Terms and Conditions for Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Resources Wales Standard Terms and Conditions for Services Date: April 2013 Page 1 These Conditions may only be varied with the written agreement of Natural Resources Wales. No terms or conditions Natural Resources Wales and the Supplier/Contractor incorporating these Conditions; Environmental Law

  8. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Ozone and Short-term Mortality in 95 US Urban Communities, 1987-2000 MichelleD E XPOSURE TO TROPOSPHERIC OZONE is widespread in the United States,1,2 occurring also outside southernCalifornia,whereozone formation was first recognized.3 Short- term exposure to ozone has been

  9. Term-Level Verification of a Pipelined CISC Microprocessor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Term-Level Verification of a Pipelined CISC Microprocessor Randal E. Bryant December, 2005 CMU verification, Microprocessor verification, UCLID #12;Abstract By abstracting the details of the data representations and operations in a microprocessor, term-level verification can formally prove that a pipelined

  10. TermLevel Verification of a Pipelined CISC Microprocessor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Term­Level Verification of a Pipelined CISC Microprocessor Randal E. Bryant December, 2005 CMU verification, Microprocessor verification, UCLID #12; Abstract By abstracting the details of the data representations and operations in a microprocessor, term­level verification can formally prove that a pipelined

  11. HAWC Calibration: Near Term Goals John A.J. Matthews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAWC Calibration: Near Term Goals John A.J. Matthews johnm@phys.unm.edu University of New Mexico;Calibration system: Recent Progress (I) The near term goals from the Madison meeting included: · Upgrade the calibration systems at CSU and at MTU: 1. to incorporate minor design changes based on CSU/MTU studies 2

  12. Word learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Prahlad

    for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. We then review a number of themes that in recent as a useful organizing scheme for thinking about various types of studies of word learning. In §2, we reviewWord learning, phonological short-term memory, phonotactic probability and long-term memory

  13. LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL TERMS & CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maizels, Rick

    LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE TERMS & CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS October 2003 #12 in accordance with these Terms and Conditions; · "School" shall mean the London School of Hygiene & Tropical of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine · "School Purchasing Officer" shall mean the Postholder, Mr Keith Flanders

  14. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections November 2012 #12;Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections David Feldman1 , Galen Barbose2 , Robert Margolis1 , Ryan Wiser2 , Naïm Darghouth2 , and Alan Goodrich1 1 National Renewable Energy

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term variability; PV plant ramp rate; daily aggregate ramp rate; inverter shells *Correspondence Rob van HaarenRESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from utility-scale solar PV plants and the output from 390 inverters. We use a simple metric, "daily aggregate ramp rate" to quantify, categorize

  16. A LONG-TERM SUSTAINABLE PLAN FOR DALHOUSIE LIBRARY COLLECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    A LONG-TERM SUSTAINABLE PLAN FOR DALHOUSIE LIBRARY COLLECTIONS 2004 ­ 2008: INPUT FOR BAC XXVIII interests of the University, that a long- term sustainable plan for the future of library collections of a base level of resources the Libraries are recommending a modest sustained level of growth to match

  17. Market-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Market-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts - Valuation Framework-Consistent Valuation of Long-Term Insurance Contracts Valuation Framework and Application to German Private Health with respect to prot sharing rules and premium adjustment mechanisms. In contrast to the valuation of life

  18. ASPECT OBJECTIVE SHORT TERM TARGET by 2015 (unless otherwise stated)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    the remainder. Completion of Waste Management Strategy by the end of 2012. Implementation of the short term actions of the WMS by 2015 and long term actions by 2020. Development of a Waste Management Strategy (WMS costs per student (FTE). Estates and Facilities and Sustainability Committee 3 Energy consumed and used

  19. The termination hierarchy for term rewriting Hans Zantema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giesl, Juergen

    The termination hierarchy for term rewriting Hans Zantema Utrecht University, The Netherlands e-mail: hansz@cs.uu.nl (Tutorial talk) A natural way to prove termination of a term rewriting system is to #12. If the operations are strictly monotone in all arguments then indeed termination of the TRS can be concluded

  20. POLYGRAPHS FOR TERMINATION OF LEFT-LINEAR TERM REWRITING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POLYGRAPHS FOR TERMINATION OF LEFT-LINEAR TERM REWRITING SYSTEMS February 2, 2007 Yves GUIRAUD termination of left-linear term rewriting systems (TRSs) by using Albert Burroni's polygraphs, a kind whose termination is proven with a polygraphic interpretation, then we get back the property on the TRS

  1. 8, 453488, 2008 Long-term solar UV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    irradiance is25 modeled, and the cloud effect subsequently accounted for by cloud modification factors 454ACPD 8, 453­488, 2008 Long-term solar UV radiation reconstructed by ANN U. Feister et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Long-term solar UV radiation reconstructed by Artificial Neural Networks

  2. Long-term oxidation behavior of spinel-coated ferritic stainless steel for solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Yang, Zhenguo (Gary) [Gary; Xia, Guanguang; Nie, Zimin; Templeton, Joshua D.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term tests (>8,000 hours) indicate that AISI 441 ferritic stainless steel coated with a Mn-Co spinel protection layer is a promising candidate material system for IT-SOFC interconnect applications. While uncoated AISI 441 showed a substantial increase in area-specific electrical resistance (ASR), spinel-coated AISI 441 exhibited much lower ASR values (11-13 mOhm-cm2). Formation of an insulating silica sublayer beneath the native chromia-based scale was not observed, and the spinel coatings reduced the oxide scale growth rate and blocked outward diffusion of Cr from the alloy substrate. The structure of the scale formed under the spinel coatings during the long term tests differed from that typically observed on ferritic stainless steels after short term oxidation tests. While short term tests typically indicate a dual layer scale structure consisting of a chromia layer covered by a layer of Mn-Cr spinel, the scale grown during the long term tests consisted of a chromia matrix with discrete regions of Mn-Cr spinel distributed throughout the matrix. The presence of Ti in the chromia scale matrix and/or the presence of regions of Mn-Cr spinel within the scale may have increased the scale electrical conductivity, which would explain the fact that the observed ASR in the tests was lower than would be expected if the scale consisted of pure chromia.

  3. Transition metal chemistry of main group hydrazides. 11. Synthesis and coordination chemistry of novel tetraphosphano phosphorinanes. X-ray crystal structure of [(W(CO){sub 4}){sub 2}({mu}-[PhPN(Me)N(P(OCH{sub 2}CF{sub 3}){sub 2})]{sub 2})

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, V.S.; Katti, K.V.; Barnes, C.L. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New main group compounds which can combine the reactivities of >P-N(R)-P< and also >P-N(R)-N(R)-P< frameworks in a single compound via a tetraphosphane network are important in the context of studying the coordination chemistry of multiphosphine ligands. The coordination chemistry of such multifunctional phosphanes may offer an important insight on the preferred mode of coordinations (viz., C vs D) and also provide unique opportunities for the construction of new bi- and multimetallic organometallic compounds. Herein, the authors report the first example of a novel tetraphosphane which contains both >P-N-P< and >P-N-N-P< functionalities in a cyclic network. The fundamental coordination chemistry of this new class of ligands is discussed in terms of its reactions with the group 6 transition metal carbonyl precursors and also through an X-ray crystal structure of a W(0) representative.

  4. Variably porous structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braun, Paul V. (Savoy, IL); Yu, Xindi (Urbana, IL)

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of making a monolithic porous structure, comprises electrodepositing a material on a template; removing the template from the material to form a monolithic porous structure comprising the material; and electropolishing the monolithic porous structure.

  5. NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, R.B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CALIFORNIA NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE R. B. Firestone and E.11089 NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE by R.B. Firestone and E.iii- NUCLEAR STRUCTURE DATABASE R.B Firestone and E. Browne

  6. SSI response of a typical shear wall structure. Appendix B. In-structure response spectra comparisons. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, J.J.; Schewe, E.C.; Maslenikov, O.R.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this study were two-fold: (1) develop building response calibration factors, i.e., factors which relate best estimate or median level response to responses calculated by selected design procedures. Soil-structure interaction was the phenomenon of interest because significant simplifications are frequently introduced in its treatment; and (2) the second objective can be viewed in the context of a question: what effect does placing an identical structure on different sites and with different foundation conditions have on structure response. The structure selected for this study is a part of the Zion AFT complex. Only the auxiliary, fuel-handling, and diesel generator buildings were studied. This structure is a connected group of shear-wall buildings constructed of reinforced concrete, typical of nuclear power plant structures. The bases of comparison for this study were structure responses: peak in-structure accelerations (27 components), and peak wall forces and moments (111 components). In-structure response spectra were also considered. This appendix contains in-structure response spectra comparisons in detail.

  7. Behavior as mind-in-context: A cultural psychology analysis of "paranoid" suspicion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Glenn E.; Salter, Phia Shante; Pickett, Kate M.; Kurti?, Tu?ç e; Phillips, Nia L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    illuminates the theme of “mind in context” in two impor- tant senses that we have represented in Figure 14.1. the top arrow of Figure 14.1 refers to the cultural constitution of psychological experi- ence: the idea that human experience is not the simple...)—that provide the eco- logical scaffolding for these regularities. the bottom arrow of Figure 14.1 refers to the psychological con- stitution of cultural worlds: the idea that the world is not a natural object separate from human action, but instead...

  8. Application of Maximum Entropy Method to Lattice Field Theory with a Topological Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Imachi; Y. Shinno; H. Yoneyama

    2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In Monte Carlo simulation, lattice field theory with a $\\theta$ term suffers from the sign problem. This problem can be circumvented by Fourier-transforming the topological charge distribution $P(Q)$. Although this strategy works well for small lattice volume, effect of errors of $P(Q)$ becomes serious with increasing volume and prevents one from studying the phase structure. This is called flattening. As an alternative approach, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to the Gaussian $P(Q)$. It is found that the flattening could be much improved by use of the MEM.

  9. Systems Long Term Exposure Program: Analysis of the First Year of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposed Action(InsertAbout theSystems Long Term Exposure

  10. Combustion fume structure and dynamics. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flagan, R.C.

    1995-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation of the fundamental physical processes that govern the structures of fume particles that are produced from the vapor phase in a wide range of high temperature systems has been conducted. The key objective of this study has been to develop models of the evolution of fine particles of refractory materials that are produced from the vapor phase, with particular emphasis on those processes that govern the evolution of ash fumes produced from volatilized mineral matter during coal combustion. To accomplish this goal, the study has included investigations of a number of fundamental aspects of pyrogenous fumes: Structural characterization of agglomerate particles in terms of fractal structure parameters; the relationship between the structures of agglomerate particles and the aerodynamic drag forces they experience; coagulation kinetics of fractal-like particles; sintering of aerosol agglomerates past the early stage of neck formation and incorporating the simultaneous influences of several transport mechanisms.

  11. Structural Health Monitoring for Impact Damage in Composite Structures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roach, Dennis P.; Raymond Bond (Purdue); Doug Adams (Purdue)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Composite structures are increasing in prevalence throughout the aerospace, wind, defense, and transportation industries, but the many advantages of these materials come with unique challenges, particularly in inspecting and repairing these structures. Because composites of- ten undergo sub-surface damage mechanisms which compromise the structure without a clear visual indication, inspection of these components is critical to safely deploying composite re- placements to traditionally metallic structures. Impact damage to composites presents one of the most signi fi cant challenges because the area which is vulnerable to impact damage is generally large and sometimes very dif fi cult to access. This work seeks to further evolve iden- ti fi cation technology by developing a system which can detect the impact load location and magnitude in real time, while giving an assessment of the con fi dence in that estimate. Fur- thermore, we identify ways by which impact damage could be more effectively identi fi ed by leveraging impact load identi fi cation information to better characterize damage. The impact load identi fi cation algorithm was applied to a commercial scale wind turbine blade, and results show the capability to detect impact magnitude and location using a single accelerometer, re- gardless of sensor location. A technique for better evaluating the uncertainty of the impact estimates was developed by quantifying how well the impact force estimate meets the assump- tions underlying the force estimation technique. This uncertainty quanti fi cation technique was found to reduce the 95% con fi dence interval by more than a factor of two for impact force estimates showing the least uncertainty, and widening the 95% con fi dence interval by a fac- tor of two for the most uncertain force estimates, avoiding the possibility of understating the uncertainty associated with these estimates. Linear vibration based damage detection tech- niques were investigated in the context of structural stiffness reductions and impact damage. A method by which the sensitivity to damage could be increased for simple structures was presented, and the challenges of applying that technique to a more complex structure were identi fi ed. The structural dynamic changes in a weak adhesive bond were investigated, and the results showed promise for identifying weak bonds that show little or no static reduction in stiffness. To address these challenges in identifying highly localized impact damage, the possi- bility of detecting damage through nonlinear dynamic characteristics was also identi fi ed, with a proposed technique which would leverage impact location estimates to enable the detection of impact damage. This nonlinear damage identi fi cation concept was evaluated on a composite panel with a substructure disbond, and the results showed that the nonlinear dynamics at the damage site could be observed without a baseline healthy reference. By further developing impact load identi fi cation technology and combining load and damage estimation techniques into an integrated solution, the challenges associated with impact detection in composite struc- tures can be effectively solved, thereby reducing costs, improving safety, and enhancing the operational readiness and availability of high value assets.

  12. A modeling and control framework for operating large-scale electric power systems under present and newly evolving competitive industry structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces a systematic, structure-based modeling framework for analysis and control of electric power systems for processes evolving over the mid-term and long-term time horizons. Much simpler models than the ...

  13. STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING SOLUTIONS FOR POWER PLANTS Benoit Jouan, Jurgen Rudolph, Steffen Bergholz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    but also in the context of conventional power plants and renewables such as wind power plants. Consequently of the fatigue analysis process: new design fatigue curves, consideration of environmental fatigue (EAF : Structural Health Monitoring, Fatigue Monitoring, Ageing Management, Power Plants, AREVA Fatigue Concept (AFC

  14. ENS'05 Paris, France, 14-16 December 2005 STRUCTURE, MAGNETISM AND DYNAMICS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the development of recording media and devices with always bigger storage capacities. In this context, magneticENS'05 Paris, France, 14-16 December 2005 STRUCTURE, MAGNETISM AND DYNAMICS OF NANOSTRUCTURED on nanostructured materials including i) magnetic alloyed CoRh nanoparticles that are good candidates to combine

  15. Evolutionary metadynamics: a novel method to predict crystal structures Qiang Zhu,*a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oganov, Artem R.

    for the study of pressure-induced structural transformations.3 The method proved to be much more powerful and evolutionary variation operators developed in the context of the USPEX method [Oganov, Glass, J. Chem. Phys (FES), several global optimization algorithms have been devised and applied.2­7 Due to these efforts

  16. New French Guidelines for Structural Safety of Embankment Dams in a Semi-probabilistic Format

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    New French Guidelines for Structural Safety of Embankment Dams in a Semi-probabilistic Format P in France and in most countries, hydraulic works (dams and levees) have remained excluded from semi rules. In this context, the French Committee on Large Dams ­ FRCOLD - initiated, with a panel of experts

  17. An Empirical Study on Statistical Disambiguation of Japanese Dependency Structures Using a Lexically Sensitive Language Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirai, Kiyoaki

    : The language model used in a statistical parser should have probabilistically well-founded se- mantics, which simultaneously1 . In this context, we newly designed a framework of statistical language modeling taking all) and (Collins, 1997) due to the lack of modularity of statistical types. 2Although syntactic structure R

  18. Structural Differences Mouse-over highlighting shows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munzner, Tamara

    regions accordingly · See individual nucleotides in the context· See individual nucleotides in the context· See individual nucleotides in the context· See individual nucleotides in the context of a sequence Finding motifs · Interactive mouse-over highlighting · Search for nucleotide or codon strings · Simple

  19. Late Glacial to Preboreal sea-level rise recorded by the previous termRhne deltaic systemnext term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Glacial to Preboreal sea-level rise recorded by the previous termRhône deltaic systemnext term by progradation initiated during the first phase of the Younger Dryas, a period of reduced sea-level rise or stillstand. The delta kept pace with resumed sea-level rise during the Preboreal (which is estimated at about

  20. Journal of Data Science 6(2008), 135-154 A Statistical Approach for Dating Archaeological Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sets), but also as a help to answer cer- tain archaeological and historical questions. The data set of contexts, but never on the scale of a whole town ((Djindjian, 1991); (Tyers and Orton, 1991); (Baxter, 1994

  1. Integrating transaction cost and institutional theories in an emerging market context: the case of the Tiger Leaping Gorge, Southwest China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rawlence, Sacha

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the applicability of transaction cost theory to an emerging market context, and to complement it with institutional theory to achieve a closer fit. The research questions are: (1) ...

  2. PSTAR: Primary and secondary terms analysis and renormalization: A unified approach to building energy simulations and short-term monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a unified method of hourly simulation of a building and analysis of performance data. The method is called Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization (PSTAR). In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance equation is best satisfied in the least squares sense, hence, the name PSTAR. PSTAR allows extraction of building characteristics from short-term tests on a small number of data channels. These can be used for long-term performance prediction (''ratings''), diagnostics, and control of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems (HVAC), comparison of design versus actual performance, etc. By combining realistic building models, simple test procedures, and analysis involving linear equations, PSTAR provides a powerful tool for analyzing building energy as well as testing and monitoring. It forms the basis for the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) project at SERI.

  3. Long-term Black Carbon Dynamics in Cultivated Soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Binh T.; Lehmann, Johannes C.; Kinyangi, James; Smernik, Ron; Riha, Susan J.; Engelhard, Mark H.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Black carbon (BC) is a quantitatively important C pool in the global carbon cycle due to its relative recalcitrance against decay compared with other C pools. However, how rapidly BC is oxidized and in what way the molecular structure changes during decomposition over decadal time scales, is largely unknown. In the present study, the long-term dynamics in quality and quantity of BC were investigated in cultivated soil using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) techniques. BC particles, obtained from soil samples at 8 conversion ages stretching over 100 years and from a forest soil sample from Kenya, were manually picked under a light microscope for characterization and quantification. BC contents rapidly decreased from 12.7 to 3.8 mg C g?¹ soil during the first 30 years since conversion, after which they slowly decreased to a steady state at 3.51 mg C g ?¹soil. BC-derived C losses over 100 years were estimated at 6000 kg C ha?¹ to a depth of 0.1 m. The initial rapid changes in BC stocks resulted in a mean residence time of only around 8.3 years, which was likely a function of both decomposition as well as transport processes. The molecular properties of BC changed more rapidly on surfaces than in the interior of BC particles and more rapidly during the first 30 years than during the following 70 years. The Oc/C ratios (Oc is O bound to C) and carbonyl groups (C=O) increased over time by 133 and 192 %, respectively, indicating oxidation was an important degradation process controlling BC quality. Al, Si, polysaccharides, and to a lesser extent Fe were rapidly adsorbed on BC particle surfaces within the first few years after BC deposition to soil. The protection by physical and chemical stabilization was apparently sufficient to not only minimize decomposition below detection between 30 and 100 years after deposition, but also physical export by erosion and vertical transport below 0.1 m.

  4. Logarithmic Wind Profile: A Stability Wind Shear Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakagami, Yoshiaki; Haas, Reinaldo; Passos, Julio C; Taves, Frederico F

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A stability wind shear term of logarithmic wind profile based on the terms of turbulent kinetic energy equation is proposed. The fraction influenced by thermal stratification is considered in the shear production term. This thermally affected shear is compared with buoyant term resulting in a stability wind shear term. It is also considered Reynolds stress as a sum of two components associated with wind shear from mechanical and thermal stratification process. The stability wind shear is responsible to Reynolds stress of thermal stratification term, and also to Reynolds stress of mechanical term at no neutral condition. The wind profile and its derivative are validated with data from Pedra do Sal experiment in a flat terrain and 300m from shoreline located in northeast coast of Brazil. It is close to the Equator line, so the meteorological condition are strongly influenced by trade winds and sea breeze. The site has one 100m tower with five instrumented levels, one 3D sonic anemometer, and a medium-range wind...

  5. Long-term system dynamics simulation methods. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manke, J.W.; Pauly, W.R.; Hemmaplardh, K.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of long-term dynamic simulations is to analyze the effects of wide excursions of voltage, frequency and power flows for extended periods of time on the bulk power system. The emphasis on modeling the sequence of system events over an extended period of time that follows a major disturbance distinguishes long-term dynamics from transient and midterm stability analysis where the effects of inter-machine oscillations on synchronous machines is the primary focus. The assumption of a uniform system frequency during quiscent system conditions makes it possible to use a numerical stepsize of one or more seconds for long-term studies, as opposed to a fraction of a cycle for transient/midterm stability, and to simulate the voltage and frequency effects of such system events as automatic load shedding and unit tripping for long periods of time. Both the time frame and the type of system events of interest in long-term dynamic studies establish the modeling and simulation requirements for a long-term program and the need for system data to validate the models and program. The sequence of system events that occur during the long-term time frame may introduce step changes in the system, i.e., load shedding, which cause transients that must be modeled on the transient stability time scale. This is the basis for the requirements that a long-term program have an adequate interface with a transient stability program.

  6. Generic Structures in Parameter Space and Ratchet Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Celestino; Cesar Manchein; Holokx A. Albuquerque; Marcus W. Beims

    2011-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This work reports the existence of Isoperiodic Stable Ratchet Transport Structures in the parameter spaces dissipation versus spatial asymmetry and versus phase of a ratchet model. Such structures were found [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 234101 (2011)] in the parameter space dissipation versus amplitude of the ratchet potential and they appear to have generic shapes and to align themselves along preferred directions in the parameter space. Since the ratchet current is usually larger inside these structures, this allows us to make general statements about the relevant parameters combination to obtain an efficient ratchet current. Results of the present work give further evidences of the suggested generic properties of the isoperiodic stable structures in the context of ratchet transport.

  7. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  8. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the second quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates.

  9. Scoping Analysis of Source Term and Functional Containment Attenuation Factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pete Lowry

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to meet future regulatory requirements, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project must fully establish and validate the mechanistic modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) source term. This is not possible at this stage in the project, as significant uncertainties in the final design remain unresolved. In the interim, however, there is a need to establish an approximate characterization of the source term. The NGNP team developed a simplified parametric model to establish mechanistic source term estimates for a set of proposed HTGR configurations.

  10. Scoping Analysis of Source Term and Functional Containment Attenuation Factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pete Lowry

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to meet future regulatory requirements, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project must fully establish and validate the mechanistic modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) source term. This is not possible at this stage in the project, as significant uncertainties in the final design remain unresolved. In the interim, however, there is a need to establish an approximate characterization of the source term. The NGNP team developed a simplified parametric model to establish mechanistic source term estimates for a set of proposed HTGR configurations.

  11. Scoping Analysis of Source Term and Functional Containment Attenuation Factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pete Lowry

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to meet future regulatory requirements, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project must fully establish and validate the mechanistic modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) source term. This is not possible at this stage in the project, as significant uncertainties in the final design remain unresolved. In the interim, however, there is a need to establish an approximate characterization of the source term. The NGNP team developed a simplified parametric model to establish mechanistic source term estimates for a set of proposed HTGR configurations.

  12. Nucleon sigma term and quark condensate in nuclear matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Tsushima; K. Saito; A. W. Thomas; A. Valcarce

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the bound nucleon sigma term and its effect on the quark condensate in nuclear matter. In the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model it is shown that the nuclear correction to the sigma term is small and negative. Thus, the correction decelerates the decrease of the quark condensate in nuclear matter. However, the quark condensate in nuclear matter is controlled primarily by the scalar-isoscalar sigma field of the model. It appreciably moderates the decrease relative to the leading term at densities around and larger than the normal nuclear matter density.

  13. Long term experiences with HDD SCR Catalysts | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomy andTerms Loan TermsLong Island HTS PowerLong term

  14. Sandia Energy - Structural Health Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structural Health Monitoring Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Materials, Reliability, & Standards Structural Health Monitoring Structural Health...

  15. Data Archive of the Harvard Forest, a Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Site

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Since 1907 research and education have been the mission of the Harvard Forest is one of the oldest and most intensively studied forests in North America. Located in Petersham, Massachusetts, its 3000 acres of land have been a center of research and education since 1907. The Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) program, established in 1988 and funded by the National Science Foundation, provides a framework for much of this activity. An understanding of forest responses to natural and human disturbance and environmental change over broad spatial and temporal scales pulls together research topics including biodiversity studies, the effects of invasive organisms, large experiments and permanent plot studies, historical and retrospective studies, soil nutrient dynamics, and plant population and community ecological interactions. Major research in forest-atmosphere exchange, hydrology, and regional studies places the work in regional and global context, aided by modeling tools. Conservation and management research and linkages to policy have been part of the Forest since its beginning, and the approaches used in New England can often apply to international studies. [Copied from http://harvardforest.fas.harvard.edu/research.html] In addition to more than 150 datasets, the Visual Information Access system at Harvard University Library makes nearly 900 images pertaining to Harvard Forest research available online to the public.

  16. Complex structure of a real Clifford algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Hanson

    2011-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The classification of real Clifford algebras in terms of matrix algebras is well--known. Here we consider the real Clifford algebra ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ not as a matrix algebra, but as a Clifford module over itself. We show that ${\\mathcal Cl}(r,s)$ possesses a basis independent complex structure only when the square of the volume element $\\omega$ is -1, in which case it is uniquely given up to sign by right multiplication with $\\omega$.

  17. Mind the gap: modeling local and global context in (road) networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    structural prior: roads form a connected network of thin segments, with slowly changing width and curvature-scale appearance information from a large neighborhood in the per-pixel classier. Globally, the network structure-pixel evidence, and then select pixels on an optimal subset of these paths by energy minimization in a CRF, where

  18. Earth Structure Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earth Structure Introduction Earth Structure (2nd Edition), 2004 W.W. Norton & Co, New York Slide show by Ben van der Pluijm © WW Norton, unless noted otherwise #12;© EarthStructure (2nd ed) 210/4/2010 Aerial views #12;© EarthStructure (2nd ed) 310/4/2010 http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/Ben/ES/ #12

  19. Greenhouse gas emission impacts of alternative-fueled vehicles: Near-term vs. long-term technology options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, M.Q.

    1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Alternative-fueled vehicle technologies have been promoted and used for reducing petroleum use, urban air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, greenhouse gas emission impacts of near-term and long-term light-duty alternative-fueled vehicle technologies are evaluated. Near-term technologies, available now, include vehicles fueled with M85 (85% methanol and 15% gasoline by volume), E85 (85% ethanol that is produced from corn and 15% gasoline by volume), compressed natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. Long-term technologies, assumed to be available around the year 2010, include battery-powered electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, vehicles fueled with E85 (ethanol produced from biomass), and fuel-cell vehicles fueled with hydrogen or methanol. The near-term technologies are found to have small to moderate effects on vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. On the other hand, the long-term technologies, especially those using renewable energy (such as biomass and solar energy), have great potential for reducing vehicle greenhouse gas emissions. In order to realize this greenhouse gas emission reduction potential, R and D efforts must continue on the long-term technology options so that they can compete successfully with conventional vehicle technology.

  20. Results on the disconnected contributions for hadron structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constantia Alexandrou; Martha Constantinou; Vincent Drach; Kyriakos Hadjiyiannakou; Karl Jansen; Giannis Koutsou; Alejandro Vaquero

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results on the disconnected contributions to three point functions entering in studies of hadron structure. We use $N_F = 2+1+1$ twisted mass fermions and give a detailed description on the results of the nucleon {\\sigma}-terms, isoscalar axial charge and first moments of bare parton distributions for a range of pions masses. In addition we give the {\\sigma}-terms and the computations are performed using QUDA code implemented on GPUs.