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1

Does the term structure forecast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provides more accurate forecasts of real consumption growth14. Harvey, C.R. (1989): \\Forecasts of economic growth fromC.R. (1993): \\Term structure forecasts economic growth", Fi-

Berardi, Andrea; Torous, Walter

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Context and Structure in Automated Full-Text Information Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context and Structure in Automated Full-Text Information Access Marti A. Hearst Report No. UCB 94720 #12;#12;Context and Structure in Automated Full-Text Information Access by Marti A. Hearst B and Structure in Automated Full-Text Information Access Copyright c 1994 by Marti A. Hearst #12;In memory of my

Hearst, Marti

3

Alternative Windpower Ownership Structures: Financing Terms and Project Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-38921 UC-1321 Alternative Windpower Ownership Structures: Financing Terms and Project Costs Terms and Variables: Description and Empirical Estimates . . . . . . . . . 8 Windpower Project, Cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Windpower Project Costs Under Various Ownership Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Analysis

4

The Structural Context of Executive Information Systems Adoption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While some firms are developing computer-based Executive Information Systems EIS to support key executives and managers, a large number of organizations are presently not using EIS. Our focus here is on structural factors associated with the adoption ...

Arun Rai; Arkalgud Ramaprasad; Deepinder S. Bajwa

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Merchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Merchants operations involves valuing and hedging the cash flows of commodity and energy conversion assets as real options based on stochastic models that inevitably embed model error. In this paper we quantify how empirically calibrated model errors about the futures price term structure affect the valuation and hedging of commodity storage assets, specifically the storage of natural gas, an important energy source. We also explore ways to mitigate the impact of these errors. Our analysis demonstrates the differential impact of term structure model error on natural gas storage valuation versus hedging. We also propose an effective approach to deal with the negative effect of such model error on factor hedging, a specific hedging approach. More generally, our work suggests managerial principles for option valuation and hedging in the presence of term structure model error. These principles should have relevance for the merchant management of other commodity conversion assets and for the management of financial options that also depend on term structure dynamics

Nicola Secom; Guoming Lai; François Margot; Alan Scheller-wolf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The Long-Term Inflow And Structural Test Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Long-term Inflow and Structural Test (LIST) program is collecting long-term, continuous inflow and structural response data to characterize the extreme loads on wind turbines. A heavily instrumented Micon 65/13M turbine with SERI 8-m blades is being used as the first test turbine for this program. This turbine and its two sister turbines are located in Bushland, TX, a test site that exposes the turbines to a wind regime that is representative of a Great Plains commercial site. The turbines and their inflow are being characterized with 60 measurements: 34 to characterize the inflow, 19 to characterize structural response, and 7 to characterize the time-varying state of the turbine. The primary characterization of the inflow into the LIST turbine relies upon an array of five sonic anemometers. Primary characterization of the structural response of the turbine uses several sets of strain gauges to measure bending loads on the blades and the tower and two accelerometers to measure the motion of the nacelle. Data from the various instruments are sampled at a rate of 30 Hz using a newly developed data acquisition system that features a time-synchronized continuous data stream that is telemetered from the turbine rotor. The data, taken continuously, are automatically divided into 10-minute segments and archived for analysis. Preliminary data are presented to illustrate the operation of the turbine and the data acquisition and analysis system.

Herbert J. Sutherland; Perry L. Jones; Byron A. Neal

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The Long-Term Inflow and Structural Test Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Long-term Inflow and Structural Test (LIST) program is collecting long-term, continuous inflow and structural response data to characterize the extreme loads on wind turbines. A heavily instrumented Micon 65/13M turbine with SERI 8-m blades is being used as the first test turbine for this test program. This turbine and its two sister turbines are located in Bushland, TX a test site that exposes the turbines to a wind regime that is representative of a Great Plains commercial site. The turbines and their inflow are being characterized with 60 measurements: 34 to characterize the inflow, 19 to characterize structural response, and 7 to characterize the time-varying state of the turbine. The primary characterization of the inflow into the LIST turbine relies upon an array of five sonic anemometers. These three-axis anemometers are placed approximately 2-diameters upstream of the turbine in a pattern designed to describe the inflow. Primary characterization of the structural response of the turbine uses several sets of strain gauges to measure bending loads on the blades and the tower and two accelerometers to measure the motion of the nacelle. Data from the various instruments are sampled at a rate of 30 Hz using a newly developed data acquisition system that features a time-synchronized continuous data stream that is telemetered from the turbine rotor. The data, taken continuously, are automatically divided into 10-minute segments and archived for analysis. Preliminary data are presented to illustrate the operation of the turbine and the data acquisition and analysis system.

SUTHERLAND,HERBERT J; JONES,PERRY L.; NEAL,BYRON A.

2000-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

8

Solar structure in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation determine the conditions in the gravitationally stabilized solar fusion reactor. We assume a matter density distribution varying non-linearly through the central region of the Sun. The analytic solutions of the differential equations of mass conservation, hydrostatic equilibrium, and energy conservation, together with the equation of state of the perfect gas and a nuclear energy generation rate $\\epsilon=\\epsilon_0 \\rho^nT^m$, are given in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function. This model for the structure of the Sun gives the run of density, mass, pressure, temperature, and nuclear energy generation through the central region of the Sun. Because of the assumption of a matter density distribution, the conditions of hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation are separated from the mode of energy transport in the Sun.

Hans J. Haubold; Arak Mathai Mathai

1995-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Solar structure in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation determine the conditions in the gravitationally stabilized solar fusion reactor. We assume a matter density distribution varying non- linearly through the central region of the Sun. The analytic solutions of the differential equations of mass conservation, hydrostatic equilibrium, and energy conservation, together with the equation of state of the perfect gas and a nuclear energy generation rate \\epsilon=\\epsilon_0\\rho^nT^m, are given in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function. This model for the structure of the Sun gives the run of density, mass pressure, temperature, and nuclear energy generation through the central region of the Sun. Because of the assumption of a matter density distribution, the conditions of hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation are separated from the mode of energy transport in the Sun.

Haubold, H J; Haubold, Hans J; Mathai, A M

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Solar Structure in terms of Gauss' Hypergeometric Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation determine the conditions in the gravitationally stabilized solar fusion reactor. We assume a matter density distribution varying non- linearly through the central region of the Sun. The analytic solutions of the differential equations of mass conservation, hydrostatic equilibrium, and energy conservation, together with the equation of state of the perfect gas and a nuclear energy generation rate $\\epsilon=\\epsilon_0\\rho^nT^m$, are given in terms of Gauss' hypergeometric function. This model for the structure of the Sun gives the run of density, mass pressure, temperature, and nuclear energy generation through the central region of the Sun. Because of the assumption of a matter density distribution, the conditions of hydrostatic equilibrium and energy conservation are separated from the mode of energy transport in the Sun.

H. J. Haubold; A. M. Mathai

1995-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

11

Structure Function Analysis of Long Term Quasar Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In our second paper on long-term quasar variability, we employ a much larger database of quasars than in de Vries, Becker & White. This expanded sample, containing 35165 quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 2, and 6413 additional quasars in the same area of the sky taken from the 2dF QSO Redshift Survey, allows us to significantly improve on our earlier conclusions. As before, all the historic quasar photometry has been calibrated onto the SDSS scale by using large numbers of calibration stars around each quasar position. We find the following: (1) the outbursts have an asymmetric light-curve profile, with a fast-rise, slow-decline shape; this argues against a scenario in which micro-lensing events along the line-of-sight to the quasars are dominating the long-term variations in quasars; (2) there is no turnover in the Structure Function of the quasars up to time-scales of ~40 years, and the increase in variability with increasing time-lags is monotonic and constant; and consequently, (3) there is not a single preferred characteristic outburst time-scale for the quasars, but most likely a continuum of outburst time-scales, (4) the magnitude of the quasar variability is a function of wavelength: variability increases toward the blue part of the spectrum, (5) high-luminosity quasars vary less than low-luminosity quasars, consistent with a scenario in which variations have limited absolute magnitude. Based on this, we conclude that quasar variability is intrinsic to the Active Galactic Nucleus, is caused by chromatic outbursts / flares with a limited luminosity range and varying time-scales, and which have an overall asymmetric light-curve shape. Currently the model that has the most promise of fitting the observations is based on accretion disk instabilities.

W. H. de Vries; R. H. Becker; R. L. White; C. Loomis

2004-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

QCD analysis of structure functions in terms of Jacobi polynomials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

z Tbilisi State University, SU-380 086 Tbilisi, USSR. Received 21 August 1986. Abstract. A new method of QCD-analysis of singlet and nonsinglet structure ...

13

The influence of cross-order terms in interface mobilities for structure-borne sound source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of cross-order terms in interface mobilities for structure-borne sound source of interface mobilities, however, relies upon the admissibility of neglecting the so-called cross- order terms-order terms for the characterization of vibrational sources. From previous studies, four conditions have been

Berlin,Technische Universität

14

Alternative windpower ownership structures: Financing terms and project costs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most utility-scale renewable energy projects in the United States are developed and financed by private renewable energy companies. Electric output is then sold to investor-owned and public utilities under long-term contracts. Limited partnerships, sale/leaseback arrangements, and project-financing have historically been the dominant forms of finance in the windpower industry, with project-finance taking the lead more recently. Although private ownership using project-finance is still the most popular form of windpower development, alternative approaches to ownership and financing are becoming more prevalent. U.S. public and investor-owned electric utilities (IOUs) have begun to participate directly in windpower projects by owning and financing their own facilities rather than purchasing windpower from independent non-utility generators (NUGs) through power purchase agreements (PPAs). In these utility-ownership arrangements, the wind turbine equipment vendor/developer typically designs and constructs a project under a turnkey contract for the eventual project owner (the utility). The utility will also frequently sign an operations and maintenance (O&M) contract with the project developer/equipment vendor. There appear to be a number of reasons for utility involvement in recent and planned U.S. wind projects. One important claim is that utility ownership and self-finance provides substantial cost savings compared to contracting with private NUGs to supply wind-generated power. In this report, we examine that assertion.

Wiser, R.; Kahn, E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Historical Context  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Context Historical Context for the Conversion EISs Important events and decisions that led to development of the depleted UF6 Conversion EISs. 1992: Concerns Raised by Ohio...

16

Forecasting future economic growth : the term structure of interest rates, volatility and inflation as leading indicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The broad literature documents the empirical regularity that slope of the term structure of interest rates is a reliable predictor of future real economic activity. Steeper slopes presage increasing growth, and downward ...

Khait, Maria

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Structure for a Living Requirements Repository for Long Term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the structure and specifications for a relational repository that will capture long-term requirements (LTRs) and their dependencies on underlying technologies. In addition, it presents principles and prototypical examples for graphical models that supplement the relational repository and support the development, capture, and re-use of long-term instrumentation and control architectural elements to support plant modifications that enable long-term ...

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

18

Guide for Predicting Long-Term Reliability of Nuclear Power Plant Systems, Structures, and Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidelines for predicting long-term reliability of nuclear power plant systems, structures, and components. The methods described will allow life cycle management planners to make improved estimates of lost generation and revenues, which play an important role in the choice of the economically optimum long-term maintenance plan for systems and components.

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

Role and Discipline Relationships in a Transdisciplinary Biomedical Team: Structuration, Values Override and Context Scaffolding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though accepted that "team science" is needed to tackle and conquer the health problems that are plaguing our society significant empirical evidence of team mechanisms and functional dynamics is still lacking in abundance. Through grounded methods the relationship between scientific disciplines and team roles was observed in a United States National Institutes of Health-funded (NIH) research consortium. Interviews and the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) were employed.. Findings show strong role and discipline idiosyncrasies that when viewed separately provide different insights into team functioning and change receptivity. When considered simultaneously, value-latent characteristics emerged showing self-perceived contributions to the team. This micro/meso analysis suggests that individual participation in team level interactions can inform the structuration of roles and disciplines in an attempt to tackle macro level problems.

Lotrecchiano, Gaetano R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

On soliton structure of the Vakhnenko equation with a 'dissipative' term: a peculiar fission phenomenon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present work, we investigate the soliton structure of the Vakhnenko equation with a 'dissipative' term, by means of the Hirota's method. As a result, we unearth three kinds of soliton solutions depending upon the dissipation parameter. We further find that the scattering behavior among such structures exhibits a peculiar feature that may be the fission phenomenon.

Kuetche Kamgang Victor; Bouetou Bouetou Thomas; Timoleon Crepin Kofane

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Outsourcing with Long Term Contracts: Capital Structure and Product Market Competition Effects ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes how capital structure and product market competition affect the firms ’ choice between outsourcing with long term contracts and outsourcing to the spot market. When outsourcing to the spot market firms are exposed to price uncertainty, whereas a long term contract allows them to set in advance the outsourcing price. We show that, to the extent that leverage and uncertainty can lead to financial distress costs in bad states of nature, firms may use long term contracts as a risk management device to hedge input price uncertainty. With a monopoly in the final product market, the outsourcing decision involves a trade-off between a positive convexity effect of input price uncertainty under the spot regime and the option to avoid financial distress costs under the long term contract regime. Moreover, product market competition among buyers can lead to an increase in financial distress costs not only for firms outsourcing to the spot market but also for firms outsourcing with a long term contract. We examine the monopolist’s outsourcing decision and derive the equilibrium for an oligopoly, and show that the equilibrium depends on the magnitude of these costs and on the level of efficiency of the supplier.

João C. A. Teixeira; I Ph. D; Bart M. Lambrecht; Grzegorz Pawlina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Long-term Energy Supply Contracts in European Competition Policy: Fuzzy not Crazy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-term supply contracts often have ambiguous effects on the competitive structure, investment and consumer welfare in the long term. In a context of market building, these effects are likely to be worsened and thus even ...

Glachant, Jean-Michel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Context-sensitive dependency pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Termination is one of the most interesting problems when dealing with context-sensitive rewrite systems. Although a good number of techniques for proving termination of context-sensitive rewriting (CSR) have been proposed so far, the adaptation to CSR ... Keywords: Dependency pairs, Program analysis, Term rewriting, Termination

Beatriz Alarcón; Raúl Gutiérrez; Salvador Lucas

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Context-sensitive dependency pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Termination is one of the most interesting problems when dealing with context-sensitive rewrite systems. Although there is a good number of techniques for proving termination of context-sensitive rewriting (CSR), the dependency pair approach, one of ... Keywords: dependency pairs, program analysis, term rewriting, termination

Beatriz Alarcón; Raúl Gutiérrez; Salvador Lucas

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Putting Tumors in Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interactions between cancer cells and their micro- and macroenvironment create a context that promotes tumor growth and protects it from immune attack. The functional association of cancer cells with their surrounding tissues forms a new 'organ' that changes as malignancy progresses. Investigation of this process might provide new insights into the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and could also lead to new therapeutic targets. Under normal conditions, ORGANS are made up of TISSUES that exchange information with other cell types via cell-cell contact, cytokines and the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX (ECM). The ECM, which is produced by collaboration between STROMAL fibroblasts and EPITHELIAL cells, provides structural scaffolding for cells, as well as contextual information. The endothelial vasculature provides nutrients and oxygen, and cells of the immune system combat pathogens and remove apoptotic cells. Epithelial cells associate into intact, polarized sheets. These tissues communicate through a complex network of interactions: physically, through direct contact or through the intervening ECM, and biochemically, through both soluble and insoluble signalling molecules. In combination, these interactions provide the information that is necessary to maintain cellular differentiation and to create complex tissue structures. Occasionally, the intercellular signals that define the normal context become disrupted. Alterations in epithelial tissues can lead to movement of epithelial sheets and proliferation - for example, after activation of mesenchymal fibroblasts due to wounding.Normally, these conditions are temporary and reversible, but when inflammation is sustained, an escalating feedback loop ensues.Under persistent inflammatory conditions, continual upregulation of enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by stromal fibroblasts can disrupt the ECM, and invading immune cells can overproduce factors that promote abnormal proliferation. As this process progresses, the normal organization of the organ is replaced by a functional disorder. If there are pre-existing epithelial cells within this changing context that possess tumorigenic potential, they can start to proliferate. Alternatively, the abnormal interactions might lead to genomic instability within the epithelial cells and the acquisition of tumorigenic potential. The proliferating cancer cells can then interact with their microenvironment and enhance the abnormal interactions. At this point, the tumor has become its own organ, with a distinct context that now defines all its cellular responses. Here, we will examine how the mechanisms that contribute to the normal context also act to suppress developing tumors, how disruption of this context initiates and supports the process of tumorigenicity, and how some cells with a tumorigenic genotype can become phenotypically normal if the context is appropriately manipulated.

Bissell, Mina; Radisky, Derek

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Ontology mapping context & approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Care Units, different vocab's Want to compare quality of care OLVG-1400: 1400 terms in a flat list used_system, respiratory_system) · aetiology (e.g. virus, poising) · abnormality (e.g. fracture, tumor) · action (e Combine lexical analysis with hierarchical structure 313 suggested matches, around 70 % correct 209

van Harmelen, Frank

27

Supporting ubiquitous sensor-cloudlets and context-cloudlets: Programming compositions of context-aware systems for mobile users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing widespread use of sensor and networking technologies are yielding ubiquitous sensors and applications that pervade daily life. At the same time, context-aware pervasive computing has experienced tremendous developments in terms of context ... Keywords: Composition operators, Context-aware pervasive systems, Context-cloudlets, Sensor-cloudlets

Seng W. Loke

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Pre-geometric structure of quantum and classical particles in terms of quaternion spinors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that dyad vectors on a local domain of complex-number valued surface, when squared, form a set of four quaternion algebra units. A model of proto-particle is built by the dyad's rotation and stretching; this transformation violates metric properties of the surface, but the defect is cured by a stability condition for normalization functional over an abstract space. If the space is the physical one then the stability condition is precisely Schrodinger equation; separated real and imaginary parts of the condition are respectively equation of mass conservation and Hamilton-Jacoby equation. A 3D particle (composed of the proto-particle's parts) has to be conceived as a rotating massive point, its Lagrangian automatically becoming that of relativistic classical particle, energy and momentum proportional to Planck constant. In uence of a vector ?eld onto the particle's propagation causes automatic appearance of Pauli spin term in Schrodinger equation.

Alexander P. Yefremov

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Context: Destruction/Conversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Context: Destruction/Conversion. ... Process for Conversion of Halon 1211.. Tran, R.; Kennedy, EM; Dlugogorski, BZ; 2000. ...

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

30

Context: Usage and Effectiveness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Context: Usage and Effectiveness. US Navy Aircraft Halon 1301 Effectivity Analysis.. Tedeschi, M.; Leach, W.; 1995. ...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

Core structure heat-up and material relocation in a BWR short-term station blackout accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analytical and numerical analysis which evaluates the core-structure heat-up and subsequent relocation of molten core materials during a NWR short-term station blackout accident with ADS. A simplified one-dimensional approach coupled with bounding arguments is first presented to establish an estimate of the temperature differences within a BWR assembly at the point when structural material first begins to melt. This analysis leads to the conclusions that the control blade will be the first structure to melt and that at this point in time, overall temperature differences across the canister-blade region will not be more than 200 K. Next, a three-dimensional heat-transfer model of the canister-blade region within the core is presented that uses a diffusion approximation for the radiation heat transfer. This is compared to the one-dimensional analysis to establish its compatibility. Finally, the extension of the three-dimensional model to include melt relocation using a porous media type approximation is described. The results of this analysis suggest that under these conditions significant amounts of material will relocate to the core plate region and refreeze, potentially forming a significant blockage. The results also indicate that a large amount of lateral spreading of the melted blade and canister material into the fuel rod regions will occur during the melt progression process. 22 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

Schmidt, R.C.; Dosanjh, S.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Lovelock Terms and BRST Cohomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lovelock terms are polynomial scalar densities in the Riemann curvature tensor that have the remarkable property that their Euler-Lagrange derivatives contain derivatives of the metric of order not higher than two (while generic polynomial scalar densities lead to Euler-Lagrange derivatives with derivatives of the metric of order four). A characteristic feature of Lovelock terms is that their first nonvanishing term in the expansion of the metric around flat space is a total derivative. In this paper, we investigate generalized Lovelock terms defined as polynomial scalar densities in the Riemann curvature tensor and its covariant derivatives (of arbitrarily high but finite order) such that their first nonvanishing term in the expansion of the metric around flat space is a total derivative. This is done by reformulating the problem as a BRST cohomological one and by using cohomological tools. We determine all the generalized Lovelock terms. We find, in fact, that the class of nontrivial generalized Lovelock terms contains only the usual ones. Allowing covariant derivatives of the Riemann tensor does not lead to new structure. Our work provides a novel algebraic understanding of the Lovelock terms in the context of BRST cohomology.

S. Cnockaert; M. Henneaux

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

33

Usability context analysis for virtual reality training in South African mines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The usability of any tool or system has to be viewed in terms of the context in which it is used, and its appropriateness to that context. According to the ISO definition of usability, the context of use includes the users, tasks, equipment (hardware, ... Keywords: context analysis, context of use, e-training, safety training, usability, virtual reality

Etienne van Wyk; Ruth de Villiers

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Skyscrapers in context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a study of the expressive quality of a skyscraper. Because of their size and conspicuousness, skyscrapers are simultaneously exposed to several different levels of"contexts, which are mainly defined by the ...

Kobayashi, Kazuo, 1958-

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Meaning, contexts and justification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contextualism in philosophy of language and in epistemology are two distinct but closely entangled projects. The epistemological thesis is grounded in a semantic claim concerning the context-sensitivity of the predicate "know": we gain insight into epistemological ...

Claudia Bianchi; Nicla Vassallo

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Interactions with context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My dissertation asks how we affect conversational context and how it affects us when we participate in any conversation -- including philosophical conversations. Chapter 1 argues that speakers make pragmatic presuppositions ...

Swanson, Eric (Eric Peter)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Dynamic Recovery in Silicate-Apatite Structures Under Irradiation and Implications for Long-Term Immobilization of Actinides  

SciTech Connect

The irradiation responses of Ca{sub 2}La{sub 8}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2} and Sr{sub 2}Nd{sub 8}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2} with the apatite structure are investigated to predict their long-term behaviour as host phases for immobilization of actinide elements from the nuclear fuel cycle. Different ions and energies are used to study the effects of dose, temperature, atomic displacement rate and ionization rate on irradiation-induced amorphization and recrystallization. The dose for amorphization increases with temperature in two stages, below and above 150 K. In the high temperature stage relevant to actinide immobilization, the increase of amorphization dose with temperature exhibits a strong dependence on the ratio of ionization rate to displacement rate for the different ions. Data analysis using a dynamic model for amorphization reveals that ionization-induced processes, with activation energy of 0.15 {+-} 0.02 eV, dominate dynamic recovery for ions from Ne through Xe. For heavier Au ions or for alpha-recoil nuclei emitted in alpha decay of actinides, ionization becomes less dominant and dynamic recovery is controlled primarily by thermally-driven processes. In post-irradiation annealing studies of amorphous samples, epitaxial thermal recrystallization is observed at 1123 K, and irradiation-enhanced nucleation of nanocrystallites is observed under irradiation with heavier ions. The recrystallization temperature under irradiation decreases with increasing ion mass to a value of {approx} 823 K, which also defines the thermally-driven critical temperature for amorphization under irradiation with heavy ions. Some partial recovery due to alpha particle irradiation at 300 K is observed that suggests a self-healing mechanism in apatite phases containing actinides. Based on the results and dynamic model, the temperature and time dependences of amorphization in silicate-apatite host phases for actinide immobilization are predicted.

Weber, William J.; Zhang, Yanwen; Xiao, Haiyan Y.; Wang, Lumin M.

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

Dynamic recovery in silicate-apatite structures under irradiation and implications for long-term immobilization of actinides  

SciTech Connect

The irradiation responses of Ca2La8(SiO4)6O2 and Sr2Nd8(SiO4)6O2 with the apatite structure are investigated to predict their long-term behaviour as host phases for immobilization of actinide elements from the nuclear fuel cycle. Different ions and energies are used to study the effects of dose, temperature, atomic displacement rate and ionization rate on irradiation-induced amorphization and recrystallization. The dose for amorphization increases with temperature in two stages, below and above 150 K. In the high temperature stage relevant to actinide immobilization, the increase of amorphization dose with temperature exhibits a strong dependence on the ratio of ionization rate to displacement rate for the different ions. Data analysis using a dynamic model for amorphization reveals that ionization-induced processes, with activation energy of 0.15 0.02 eV, dominate dynamic recovery for ions from Ne through Xe. For heavier Au ions or for alpha-recoil nuclei emitted in alpha decay of actinides, ionization becomes less dominant and dynamic recovery is controlled primarily by thermally-driven processes. In post-irradiation annealing studies of amorphous samples, epitaxial thermal recrystallization is observed at 1123 K, and irradiation-enhanced nucleation of nanocrystallites is observed under irradiation with heavier ions. The recrystallization temperature under irradiation decreases with increasing ion mass to a value of ~ 823 K, which also defines the thermally-driven critical temperature for amorphization under irradiation with heavy ions. Some partial recovery due to alpha particle irradiation at 300 K is observed that suggests a self-healing mechanism in apatite phases containing actinides. Based on the results and dynamic model, the temperature and time dependences of amorphization in silicate-apatite host phases for actinide immobilization are predicted.

Weber, William J [ORNL; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL; Xiao, Haiyan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Wang, Prof. Lumin [University of Michigan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Long-term activity-induced changes in the brain : a study of translational regulation and structural plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-lasting changes must take place in the brain to store the skills and memories that have been learned by the organism throughout its history. Long-term memory (LTM), and its cellular correlate, the late-phase of long-term ...

Govindarajan, Arvind

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Secure Contexts (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information flow security in a multilevel system aims at guaranteeing that no high level information is revealed to low levels. A usual requirement to ensure information flow security for a process is that no generic attacker can induce a high-to-low information flow. This requirement is too demanding when we have some knowledge about the contexts where the process is going to run. To deal with these situations we introduce the notion of secure contexts for a process. The notion is parametric with respect to both the observational equivalence and the operation used to characterize the low level behavior. In the paper we mainly analyze the cases of bisimulation and trace equivalence. We describe how to build secure contexts in these cases and we show that two well-known security properties, BNDC and NDC, are just special instances of our general notion.

Annalisa Bossi; Damiano Macedonio; Carla Piazza; Sabina Rossi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Spatiotemporal Structure of Twentieth-Century Climate Variations in Observations and Reanalyses. Part I: Long-Term Trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dominant interannual El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon and the short length of climate observation records make it difficult to study long-term climate variations in the spatiotemporal domain. Based on the fact that the ENSO ...

Junye Chen; Anthony D. Del Genio; Barbara E. Carlson; Michael G. Bosilovich

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Agility in context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evangelists for Agile methods strongly encourage all projects to follow every practice of their chosen method. Based on a Grounded Theory study involving 40 participants at 16 organizations, and corroborated by 4 independent case studies, we argue that ... Keywords: adaptation, agile software development, agility, context

Rashina Hoda; Philippe Kruchten; James Noble; Stuart Marshall

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Short-Term Climatic Variability in the Thermal Structure of the Pacific Ocean during 1979–82  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-term climatic variability in both sea surface temperature (SST) and vertically averaged temperature over the upper 400 m of ocean (Tav) is mapped over the Pacific from 20°S to 50°N each bimonth for four years from 1979 to 1982, leading up ...

Warren B. White; Gary A. Meyers; Jean Rene Donguy; Stephen E. Pazan

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Context Boosting Collaborative Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the operation of and research behind a networked application for the delivery of personalised streams of music at Trinity College Dublin. Smart Radio is a web based client-server application that uses streaming audio technology and recommendation techniques to allow users build, manage and share music programmes. Since good content descriptors are difficult to obtain in the audio domain, we originally used automated collaborative filtering, a ‘content less’ approach as our recommendation strategy. We describe how we improve the ACF technique by leveraging a light content-based technique that attempts to capture the user’s current listening ‘context’. This involves a two stage retrieval process where ACF recommendations are ranked according to the user’s current interests. Finally, we demonstrate a novel on-line evaluation strategy that pits the ACF strategy against the context-boosted strategy in a real time competition. 1.

Conor Hayes; Pádraig Cunningham

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Towards a redefinition of 'context'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context is an ever-present yet elusive issue in architecture and it is difficult for any two people to agree about its definition or role in architecture. Yet context casts a long shadow over architectural design no matter ...

Lehner, Michael P. (Michael Patrick), 1969-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Certification of thread context switching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With recent efforts to build foundational certified software systems, two different approaches have been proposed to certify thread context switching. One is to certify both threads and context switching in a single logic system, and the other certifies ... Keywords: context switching, program safety, program verification, proof-carrying code

Yu Guo; Xin-Yu Jiang; Yi-Yun Chen

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

VIVACE context based search platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key challenges of knowledge management is to provide the right knowledge to the right person at the right time. To face this challenge, a context based search platform was developed in the frame of the European Integrated Project VIVACE. This ... Keywords: analogy and case based reasoning, context aware systems and applications, context modelling, knowledge management

Romaric Redon; Andreas Larsson; Richard Leblond; Barthelemy Longueville

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Dalit Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to make a subtle distinction of the native terms jar and jari although both mean the species'. Etymologically, jari is a derivative (feminine, weaker, sub-species) of the term jar (species, group). However, their general usage in Nepal is reversed: jari... as ethnic group and jar as castes. This seems to reflect the reality of their relative political dominance. Following this convention, jar would refer to Hindu castes and jari to ethnic nationalities and Janajari as synonymous with jari. There is yet another...

Gurung, Harka

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Context reasoning technologies in ubiquitous computing environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-aware computing is a hot area in ubiquitous computing. There are several challenges to be covered. This paper focuses on context reasoning, which means deducing higher context from raw sensor data. The context reasoning problem is discussed on ...

Sun Jie; Wu ZhaoHui

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Context-Sensitive Query Auto-Completion ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Query auto completion is known to provide poor predictions of the user’s query when her input prefix is very short (e.g., one or two characters). In this paper we show that context, such as the user’s recent queries, can be used to improve the prediction quality considerably even for such short prefixes. We propose a context-sensitive query auto completion algorithm, NearestCompletion, which outputs the completions of the user’s input that are most similar to the context queries. To measure similarity, we represent queries and contexts as high-dimensional term-weighted vectors and resort to cosine similarity. The mapping from queries to vectors is done through a new query expansion technique that we introduce, which expands a query by traversing the query recommendation tree rooted at the query. In order to evaluate our approach, we performed extensive experimentation over the public AOL query log. We demonstrate that when the recent user’s queries are relevant to the current query she is typing, then after typing a single character, NearestCompletion’s MRR is 48 % higher relative to the MRR of the standard MostPopularCompletion algorithm on average. When the context is irrelevant, however, NearestCompletion’s MRR is essentially zero. To mitigate this problem, we propose HybridCompletion, which is a hybrid of NearestCompletion with MostPopularCompletion. HybridCompletion is shown to dominate both NearestCompletion and MostPopularCompletion, achieving a total improvement of 31.5 % in MRR relative to MostPopular-Completion on average.

Ziv Bar-yossef; Naama Kraus

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Context-Enabled Business Intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To truly understand context and apply it in business intelligence, it is vital to understand what context is and how it can be applied in addressing organizational needs. Context describes the facets of the environment that impact the way that end users interact with the system. Context includes aspects of location, chronology, access method, demographics, social influence/ relationships, end-user attitude/ emotional state, behavior/ past behavior, and presence. To be successful in making Business Intelligence content enabled, it is important to be able to capture the context of use user. With advances in technology, there are a number of ways in which this user based information can be gathered and exposed to enhance the overall end user experience.

Troy Hiltbrand

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

How to refer: objective context vs. intentional context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In "Demonstratives" Kaplan claims that the occurrence of a demonstrative must be supplemented by an act of demonstration, like a pointing (a feature of the objective context). Conversely in "Afterthoughts" Kaplan argues that the occurrence of a demonstrative ...

Claudia Bianchi

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Designing technology enhanced learning contexts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through iterative participatory design-based research I aim to explore the application of the Ecology of Resources (EoR) Framework (Luckin, 2008) to the design of technology enhanced contexts that scaffold learning and collaboration. Technology enhanced ...

Joshua Underwood

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Adaptive context reasoning in pervasive systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hard to believe that the internet is now in its adolescent stage. Our information age is replete with communication capable, intelligent, sensor equipped devices. Social networks, web services, and global information repositories make a wealth ... Keywords: context, context inference, context middleware adaptation, context quality, context reasoning, information quality, quality aggregation, quality propagation

Bridget Beamon; Mohan Kumar

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Illustrative Context-Preserving Exploration of Volume Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In volume rendering, it is very difficult to simultaneously visualize interior and exterior structures while preserving clear shape cues. Highly transparent transfer functions produce cluttered images with many overlapping structures, while clipping ... Keywords: Illustrative visualization, focus+context techniques, volume rendering.

Stefan Bruckner; Soren Grimm; Armin Kanitsar; M. Eduard Groller

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Synthesis of Elementary Net Systems with Context Arcs and Localities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the synthesis problem for ENCL-systems, defined as Elementary Net Systems extended with context (inhibitor and activator) arcs and explicit event localities. Since colocated events are meant to be executed synchronously, the behaviour ... Keywords: Petri nets, activator arcs, context arcs, elementary net systems, inhibitor arcs, localities, net synthesis, step sequence semantics, structure and behaviour of nets, theory of concurrency, theory of regions, transition systems

Maciej Koutny; Marta Pietkiewicz-Koutny

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Context aware health monitoring system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On one side of India, we have multi-specialty hospitals which satisfy the healthcare needs of people with specialized and speedy treatments. On the other side, a large part of the population in India resides in rural areas where basic medical facility ... Keywords: context awareness, e-healthcare, healthcare, mobile healthcare, wireless medical sensors

S. Sridevi; Bhattacharya Sayantani; K. Pal Amutha; C. Madan Mohan; R. Pitchiah

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Context-aware citation recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When you write papers, how many times do you want to make some citations at a place but you are not sure which papers to cite? Do you wish to have a recommendation system which can recommend a small number of good candidates for every place that you ... Keywords: bibliometrics, context, gleason's theorem, recommender systems

Qi He; Jian Pei; Daniel Kifer; Prasenjit Mitra; Lee Giles

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Context-Phonebook - Extending Mobile Phone Applications with Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today people use mobile phones to make calls and to receive calls anytime and anywhere. This gives the user a lot of freedom but also introduces that the phone can interrupt the user always and everywhere. In our work we implemented a phonebook that contains additionally to the phone number also context information, such as details on the users connection status, availability preferences, or location.

Albrecht Schmidt Tanjev; Albrecht Schmidt; Tanjev Stuhr; Hans Gellersen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A logic based context query language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context is a basic ingredient in pervasive computing. It refers to user's both external environment and internal status, implying user's information needs during the interaction between the user and computer systems. By context-awareness, a variety of ... Keywords: context, context query language, temporal description logic

Ling Feng; Junhui Deng; Zhanjiang Song; Wenwei Xue

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

CHAPTER 3: METHODS Research Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ensure a heterogeneous mix of students in terms of talkativeness, gender, and prior achievement the students analyze the motion of the orbiter in terms of systems, pushes and pulls, and energy transfer personality traits and characteristics. Kinet, for instance, is interested in energy and energy

Sandifer, Cody

62

Focus + context visualization with animation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present some novel animation techniques to help users understand complex structures contained in volumetric data from the medical imaging and scientific simulation fields. Because of the occlusion of 3D objects, these complex structures ...

Yingcai Wu; Huamin Qu; Hong Zhou; Ming-Yuen Chan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Role of context-awareness for demand response mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently due to major changes in the structure of electricity industry and the rising costs of power generation, many countries have realized the potential and benefits of smart metering systems and demand response programs in balancing between the supply ... Keywords: context-awareness, demand response, smart energy management

Pari Delir Haghighi; Shonali Krishnaswamy

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Context-Dependent Network Agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of dynamic networks and their embedded agents is one of the most challenging tasks in modern technology. This is particularly true of the U.S. power grid, the target application for the technology being developed by the Context-Dependent Network Agents (CDNA) Consortium in the EPRI/DOD Initiative on Complex Interactive Networks/Systems. This report develops the thesis that the agility and robustness of networks can be improved significantly by making some of the agents in the network more cont...

2000-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

65

Designing the context matching engine for evaluating and selecting context information sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The easy creation of context-aware services requires the support of management facilities that provide ways to more easily acquire, represent and distribute context information. This paper claims that the quality level of a context-aware service determines ...

Maria Chantzara; Miltiades Anagnostou

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Using quality of context to resolve conflicts in context-aware systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-aware systems in mobile and pervasive environments face many conflicting situations while collecting sensor data, processing sensor data to extract consistent and coherent high level context information, and disseminating that context information ...

Atif Manzoor; Hong-Linh Truong; Schahram Dustdar

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Structure functions 1 NOTE: THE FIGURES IN THIS SECTION ARE INTENDED TO SHOW THE REPRESENTATIVE DATA. THEY ARE NOT MEANT TO BE COMPLETE COMPILATIONS OF ALL THE WORLD'S RELIABLE DATA. Q 2 (GeV 2 ) F 2 (x,Q 2 ) * 2 i x H1 ZEUS BCDMS E665 NMC SLAC 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 Figure 16.6: The proton structure function F p 2 measured in electromagnetic scattering of positrons on protons (collider experiments ZEUS and H1), in the kinematic domain of the HERA data, for x > 0.00006 (cf. Fig. 16.9 for data at smaller x and Q 2 ), and for electrons (SLAC) and muons (BCDMS, E665, NMC) on a fixed target. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature are shown. The data are plotted as a function of Q 2 in bins of fixed x. Some points have been slightly offset in Q 2 for clarity. The ZEUS binning in x is used in this plot; all other data are rebinned to the x values of

68

Counting and generating lambda terms Katarzyna Grygiel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Counting and generating lambda terms Katarzyna Grygiel Theoretical Computer Science Department assistants. However, few is known about combinatorial properties of lambda terms, in particular, about many terms of a given size are there? What is a "typical" structure of a simply typed term? Despite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

On linear combinations of -terms Lionel Vaux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On linear combinations of -terms Lionel Vaux Institut de Math´ematiques de Luminy, CNRS UMR 6206, endowing the set of terms with a structure of R-module, where R is a fixed set of scalars. Terms with values in a vector space. We then extend -reduction on those algebraic -terms as follows: at + u reduces

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

A survey of context data distribution for mobile ubiquitous systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The capacity to gather and timely deliver to the service level any relevant information that can characterize the service-provisioning environment, such as computing resources/capabilities, physical device location, user preferences, and time constraints, ... Keywords: QoC, Ubiquitous system, context, context access, context data distribution, context data distribution infrastructure, context-aware, context-awareness, quality of context, research challenge, survey

Paolo Bellavista; Antonio Corradi; Mario Fanelli; Luca Foschini

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Examining the Social Context in Identity Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Psychology of Social Impact." American Psychologist 36:and Sharon Wolf. 1981. "The Social Impact of Majorities andin Social Contexts Social Impact and Proximity Conclusion

Carter, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Context-sensitive query auto-completion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Query auto completion is known to provide poor predictions of the user's query when her input prefix is very short (e.g., one or two characters). In this paper we show that context, such as the user's recent queries, can be used to improve the prediction ... Keywords: context-awareness, query auto-completion, query expansion

Ziv Bar-Yossef; Naama Kraus

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Context in problem solving: a survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dealing with context seems to be a major challenge which the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) will have to face in the next few years. The importance of the challenge is borne out by the various scientific events focusing on context which have been ...

Patrick Brézillon

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Refining visualization reference model for context information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-awareness can be used to decrease the need for interaction with a mobile device. This is increasingly important since the functionality of mobile devices and personal digital assistants gets more and more complex while the input and output capabilities ... Keywords: Context awareness, Hand-held devices, Information visualization, Mobile phones, Visualization reference model

Antti Aaltonen; Juha Lehikoinen

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Evolutionary induction of stochastic context free grammars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an evolutionary approach to the problem of inferring stochastic context-free grammars from finite language samples. The approach employs a distributed, steady-state genetic algorithm, with a fitness function incorporating a prior ... Keywords: Genetic algorithm, Grammar induction, Grammatical inference, Language modeling, Stochastic context-free grammar

Bill Keller; Rudi Lutz

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Context Ontology Implementation for Smart Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context awareness is one of the important fields in ubiquitous computing. Smart Home, a specific instance of ubiquitous computing, provides every family with opportunities to enjoy the power of hi-tech home living. Discovering that relationship among user, activity and context data in home environment is semantic, therefore, we apply ontology to model these relationships and then reason them as the semantic information. In this paper, we present the realization of smart home's context-aware system based on ontology. We discuss the current challenges in realizing the ontology context base. These challenges can be listed as collecting context information from heterogeneous sources, such as devices, agents, sensors into ontology, ontology management, ontology querying, and the issue related to environment database explosion.

Van Nguyen, Tam; Nguyen, Huy; Choi, Deokjai; Lee, Chilwoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China E 2004 Available online 26 November 2004 Abstract Reducing the use of non-renewable fossil energy scenarios in the context of North China. In general terms, the production of ethanol from the hemicel

California at Riverside, University of

78

Interoperability Context-Setting Framework  

SciTech Connect

As the deployment of automation technology advances, it touches upon many areas of our corporate and personal lives. A trend is emerging where systems are growing to the extent that integration is taking place with other systems to provide even greater capabilities more efficiently and effectively. GridWise™ provides a vision for this type of integration as it applies to the electric system. Imagine a time in the not too distant future when homeowners can offer the management of their electricity demand to participate in a more efficient and environmentally friendly operation of the electric power grid. They will do this using technology that acts on their behalf in response to information from other components of the electric system. This technology will recognize their preferences to parameters such as comfort and the price of energy to form responses that optimize the local need to a signal that satisfies a higher-level need in the grid. For example, consider a particularly hot day with air stagnation in an area with a significant dependence on wind generation. To manage the forecasted peak electricity demand, the bulk system operator issues a critical peak price warning. Their automation systems alert electric service providers who distribute electricity from the wholesale electricity system to consumers. In response, the electric service providers use their automation systems to inform consumers of impending price increases for electricity. This information is passed to an energy management system at the premises, which acts on the homeowner’s behalf, to adjust the electricity usage of the onsite equipment (which might include generation from such sources as a fuel cell). The objective of such a system is to honor the agreement with the electricity service provider and reduce the homeowner’s bill while keeping the occupants as comfortable as possible. This will include actions such as moving the thermostat on the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) unit up several degrees. The resulting load reduction becomes part of an aggregated response from the electricity service provider to the bulk system operator who is now in a better position to manage total system load with available generation. Looking across the electric system, from generating plants, to transmission substations, to the distribution system, to factories, office parks, and buildings, automation is growing, and the opportunities for unleashing new value propositions are exciting. How can we facilitate this change and do so in a way that ensures the reliability of electric resources for the wellbeing of our economy and security? The GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) mission is to enable interoperability among the many entities that interact with the electric power system. A good definition of interoperability is, “The capability of two or more networks, systems, devices, applications, or components to exchange information between them and to use the information so exchanged.” As a step in the direction of enabling interoperability, the GWAC proposes a context-setting framework to organize concepts and terminology so that interoperability issues can be identified and debated, improvements to address issues articulated, and actions prioritized and coordinated across the electric power community.

Widergren, Steven E.; Hardin, Dave; Ambrosio, Ron; Drummond, R.; Gunther, E.; Gilchrist, Grant; Cohen, David

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Modeling Of Structured Context-Aware Interactive Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using multimedia video objects in building rich, interactive and distributed environments is complex. We want to provide ways in which the user can interact freely with those objects. As a result, the quality of the applications is not only ruled by ...

João Benedito dos Santos Junior; Rudinei Goularte; Edson dos Santos Moreira; Gustavo Blengini Faria

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Formation of Coherent Structures in the Context of Blocking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the interaction of long, weakly nonlinear, quasigeostrophic baroclinic waves can be described by a pair of linearly coupled Korteweg–de Vries equations. Baroclinic energy conversion is investigated as the interaction of ...

Georg Gottwald; Roger Grimshaw

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Long-Term Environmental Stewardship  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Long-Term Environmental Stewardship Long-Term Environmental Stewardship The Long-Term Environmental Stewardship Program ensures protection of human health and the environment, following site remediations. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email Continuing environmental commitment Long-term stewardship activities are designed to prevent exposures to residual contamination and waste including groundwater monitoring ongoing pump-and-treatment activities maintenance of barriers and other contaminant structures periodic inspections control of site access posted signs Long-term environmental stewardship (LTES) data access DOE requires that data used to make decisions concerning LTES conditions be readily accessible to the public. To accomplish this, sample analysis data

82

Bacterial Population Genetics in a Forensic Context  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the recent Department of Homeland Security (DHS) call for a Phase I study to (1) assess gaps in the forensically relevant knowledge about the population genetics of eight bacterial agents of concern, (2) formulate a technical roadmap to address those gaps, and (3) identify new bioinformatics tools that would be necessary to analyze and interpret population genetic data in a forensic context. The eight organisms that were studied are B. anthracis, Y. pestis, F. tularensis, Brucella spp., E. coli O157/H7, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and C. botulinum. Our study focused on the use of bacterial population genetics by forensic investigators to test hypotheses about the possible provenance of an agent that was used in a crime or act of terrorism. Just as human population genetics underpins the calculations of match probabilities for human DNA evidence, bacterial population genetics determines the level of support that microbial DNA evidence provides for or against certain well-defined hypotheses about the origins of an infecting strain. Our key findings are: (1) Bacterial population genetics is critical for answering certain types of questions in a probabilistic manner, akin (but not identical) to 'match probabilities' in DNA forensics. (2) A basic theoretical framework for calculating likelihood ratios or posterior probabilities for forensic hypotheses based on microbial genetic comparisons has been formulated. This 'inference-on-networks' framework has deep but simple connections to the population genetics of mtDNA and Y-STRs in human DNA forensics. (3) The 'phylogeographic' approach to identifying microbial sources is not an adequate basis for understanding bacterial population genetics in a forensic context, and has limited utility, even for generating 'leads' with respect to strain origin. (4) A collection of genotyped isolates obtained opportunistically from international locations augmented by phylogenetic representations of relatedness will not and enzootic outbreaks noted through international outbreak surveillance systems, and 'representative' genetic sequences from each outbreak. (5) Interpretation of genetic comparisons between an attack strain and reference strains requires a model for the network structure of maintenance foci, enzootic outbreaks, and human outbreaks of that disease, coupled with estimates of mutational rate constants. Validation of the model requires a set of sequences from exemplary outbreaks and laboratory data on mutation rates during animal passage. The necessary number of isolates in each validation set is determined by disease transmission network theory, and is based on the 'network diameter' of the outbreak. (6) The 8 bacteria in this study can be classified into 4 categories based on the complexity of the transmission network structure of their natural maintenance foci and their outbreaks, both enzootic and zoonotic. (7) For B. anthracis, Y. pestis, E. coli O157, and Brucella melitensis, and their primary natural animal hosts, most of the fundamental parameters needed for modeling genetic change within natural host or human transmission networks have been determined or can be estimated from existing field and laboratory studies. (8) For Burkholderia mallei, plausible approaches to transmission network models exist, but much of the fundamental parameterization does not. In addition, a validated high-resolution typing system for characterizing genetic change within outbreaks or foci has not yet been demonstrated, although a candidate system exists. (9) For Francisella tularensis, the increased complexity of the transmission network and unresolved questions about maintenance and transmission suggest that it will be more complex and difficult to develop useful models based on currently available data. (10) For Burkholderia pseudomallei and Clostridium botulinum, the transmission and maintenance networks involve complex soil communities and metapopulations about which very little is known. It is not clear that these pathogens can be brought into the in

Velsko, S P

2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

83

Use of Multiword Terms and Query Expansion for Interactive Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Multiword Terms and Query Expansion for Interactive Information Retrieval Fidelia Ibekwe in the INEX 2008 Ad- Hoc Retrieval track. We investigated the effect of multiword terms on retrieval-Hoc tasks: Focused retrieval, Relevant-in-Context and Best-in-Context. 1 Introduction The INEX Ad-Hoc track

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(83/3Q) (83/3Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook iuarterly Projections August 1983 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. 20585 t rt jrt- .ort- iort- iort- iort- nort- lort- '.ort- ort- Tt- .-m .erm -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term Term .-Term -Term xrm Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy -OJ.UUK Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

85

Processing Chinese relative clauses in context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a self-paced reading experiment comparing the processing of subject-extracted relative clauses (SRCs) and object-extracted relative clauses (ORCs) in supportive contexts in Chinese. It is argued that ...

Gibson, Edward A.

86

Automated Generation of Context-Aware Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incorporation of context-awareness capabilities into pervasive applications allows them to leverage contextual information to provide additional services while maintaining an acceptable quality of service. These added capabilities, however, introduce ...

Zhimin Wang; Sebastian Elbaum; David S. Rosenblum

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Network Awareness, Social Context and Persuasion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper brings a sociological perspective to an area dominated by social psychology, that of persuasion. It discusses how networks can be used to describe context for persuasive messages. It has been previously argued that network awareness, having ...

Donald Steiny

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Social networks and context-aware spam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social networks are popular for online communities. This paper evaluates the risk of sophisticated context-aware spam that could result from information sharing on social networks and discusses potential mitigation strategies. Unlike normal spam, context-aware spam would likely have a high click-through rate due to exploitation of authentic social connections. Context-aware spam could lead to more insidious attacks that try to install malware or steal passwords. In this paper, we analyzed Facebook, a popular social networking website. Our goal was to determine how many users were vulnerable to context-aware attack email and understand aspects of Facebook's design that make such attacks possible. We also classified different kinds of email attacks based on certain pieces of data such as birthdays, lists of friends, wall posts, and user news feeds. We analyzed Facebook starting from a single university e-mail address to calculate the number of users who would be vulnerable to each type of attack. We found that a hacker could send sophisticated context-aware email to approximately 85 % of users. Furthermore, our analysis shows that people with private profiles are almost equally vulnerable to a subset of attacks. Finally, we discuss defense strategies. Some strategies would require users to coordinate their privacy policies with each other. We also suggest design improvements for social networks that may help reduce exposure to context-aware attack email.

Garrett Brown; Travis Howe; Micheal Ihbe; Atul Prakash; Kevin Borders

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Corpus based learning of stochastic, context-free grammars combined with Hidden Markov Models for tRNA modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new method for modelling tRNA secondary structures is presented. This method is based on the combination of stochastic context-free grammars (SCFG) and Hidden Markov Models (HMM). HMM are used to capture the local ... Keywords: HMM, Hidden Markov Models, RNA, SCFG, automatic inductive learning, bioinformatics, corpus based learning, grammatical inference, language modelling, secondary structure modelling, stochastic context-free grammars, syntactic pattern recognition, tRNA secondary structures, tRNA sequences

Juan Miguel Garcia-Gomez; Jose Miguel Benedi; Javier Vicente; Montserrat Robles

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Explain Spires Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spires terms Enter term below Example:   index :: Browse Examples Search Help :: About Explain SPIRES TopCites HEP Reviews SPIRES News Playground Preprint listings Resources...

91

Glossary Term - Tritium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Titans Previous Term (Titans) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Uranus) Uranus Tritium Discovered in 1934, tritium is an unstable isotope of the element hydrogen. An atom of tritium...

92

Glossary Term - Pluto  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pallas Previous Term (Pallas) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Positron) Positron Pluto A computer enhanced image of Pluto made from Hubble Space Telescope images taken in 1994....

93

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the
Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

94

Glossary Term - Beta Particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay Previous Term (Beta Decay) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Bohr Radius) Bohr Radius Beta Particle Beta particles are either electrons or positrons ejected from the nucleus....

95

Glossary Term - Alpha Particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decay Previous Term (Alpha Decay) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Atomic Number) Atomic Number Alpha Particle alphaparticle.gif Produced during alpha decay, an alpha particle is a...

96

Glossary Term - Deuterium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cyclotron Previous Term (Cyclotron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuteron) Deuteron Deuterium Discovered in 1932 by Harold C. Urey, deuterium is a stable isotope of the element...

97

Glossary Term - Pallas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nucleus Previous Term (Nucleus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Pluto) Pluto Pallas Pallas is an asteroid located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Discovered on March 28,...

98

Glossary Term - Prometheus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Positron Previous Term (Positron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Proton) Proton Prometheus In Greek mythology, Promethus was the son of the Titan Iapetus. He fought with Zeus...

99

Glossary Term - Neutron Emission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Previous Term (Neutron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Niobe) Niobe Neutron Emission After neutron emission, an atom contains one less neutron. Neutron emission is one...

100

Glossary Term - Atomic Number  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particle Previous Term (Alpha Particle) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Avogadro's Number) Avogadro's Number Atomic Number Silver's atomic number is 47 The atomic number is equal to...

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101

Glossary Term - Proton Emission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proton Previous Term (Proton) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Quark) Quark Proton Emission After proton emission, an atom contains one less proton. Proton emission is one process...

102

Glossary Term - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the
Earth's Atmosphere Previous Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuterium) Deuterium Cyclotron A cyclotron is a device used to...

103

Glossary Term - Proton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prometheus Previous Term (Prometheus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Proton Emission) Proton Emission Proton A Proton Protons are positively charged particles found within atomic...

104

Glossary Term - Alpha Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Universe Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Alpha Particle) Alpha Particle Alpha Decay Alpha Decay Diagram Alpha decay is one...

105

Glossary Term - Neutron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutrino Previous Term (Neutrino) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neutron Emission) Neutron Emission Neutron A Neutron Neutrons are uncharged particles found within atomic nuclei....

106

Glossary Term - Isotope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Helios Previous Term (Helios) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Joule) Joule Isotope The Three Isotopes of Hydrogen - Protium, Deuterium and Tritium Atoms that have the same number of...

107

Glossary Term - Positron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pluto Previous Term (Pluto) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Prometheus) Prometheus Positron A Positron The antimatter counterpart of the electron, positrons were discovered in 1932...

108

Glossary Term - Niobe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Emission Previous Term (Neutron Emission) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Nucleus) Nucleus Niobe In Greek mythology, Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus. She was punished by...

109

Glossary Term - Lepton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joule Previous Term (Joule) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Liquid Nitrogen) Liquid Nitrogen Lepton Leptons are particles with little mass that interact through the electromagnetic...

110

Status Company Terminal Term  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status of Short-Term Applications to Export Previously Imported LNG (as of March 5, 2013) Status Company Terminal Term (Years) Authorized Volume (Equivalent Bcf in natural gas)...

111

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction to Engineering (FYE) 2 CHEG 112 Introduction to Chemical Engineering 3 CHEM 111 General Chemistry 3 CHEM 112 General Chemistry and Writing 3 Breadth Requirement Elective 1 3 15 17 CHEG 231 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 3 CHEG 325

Lee, Kelvin H.

112

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FALL 2010 Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction to Chemical Engineering 3 MATH 242 Analytic Geometry & Calculus B 4 MATH 243 Analytic Geometry & Calculus C 4 Critical Reading and Writing 3 Breadth Requirement Elective 1 3 15 17 CHEG 231 Chemical Engineering

Lee, Kelvin H.

113

Long-term testing  

SciTech Connect

Land-based gas turbines are significantly different from automotive gas turbines in that they are designed to operate for 50,000 h or greater (compared to 5,000--10,000 h). The primary goal of this research is to determine the long-term survivability of ceramic materials for industrial gas turbine applications. Research activities in this program focus on the evaluation of the static tensile creep and stress rupture (SR) behavior of three commercially available structural ceramics which have been identified by the gas turbine manufacturers as leading candidates for use in industrial gas turbines. For each material investigated, a minimum of three temperatures and four stresses will be used to establish the stress and temperature sensitivities of the creep and SR behavior. Because existing data for many candidate structural ceramics are limited to testing times less than 2,000 h, this program will focus on extending these data to times on the order of 10,000 h, which represents the lower limit of operating time anticipated for ceramic blades and vanes in gas turbine engines. A secondary goal of the program will be to investigate the possibility of enhancing life prediction estimates by combining interrupted tensile SR tests and tensile dynamic fatigue tests in which tensile strength is measured as a function of stressing rate. The third goal of this program will be to investigate the effects of water vapor upon the SR behavior of the three structural ceramics chosen for the static tensile studies by measuring the flexural strength as a function of stressing rate at three temperatures.

Ferber, M.; Graves, G.A. Jr.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Glossary of Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Glossary of Terms, Surface Engineering, Vol 5, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1994, p 944â??973...

115

Financial and Economic Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication lists and defines many financial and economic terms with which producers should be familiar.

McCorkle, Dean; Klinefelter, Danny A.

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

116

Context-aware personal diet suggestion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keeping a healthy and balanced diet has long been a critical issue for a person wanting to stay fit and energetic in her/his daily life. We can always turn to a dietitian (or a nutritionist) for professional diet suggestions if necessary. However, we ... Keywords: activity level, context-awareness, diet suggestion, smart refrigerator

Yu-Chiao Huang; Ching-Hu Lu; Tsung-Han Yang; Li-Chen Fu; Ching-Yao Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

An architecture for context aware management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Military networks are subject to frequent changes due to hostile activities, movement of forces, weather conditions, terrain, etc. In order to function optimally, the network nodes must be able to rapidly adapt to the changes in the environment. Traditionally, ... Keywords: ad hoc network, context aware management, core ad hoc network, policy management

Catharina Candolin; Hannu H. Kari

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Management Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Management Context The Gulf Region is comprised of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and West Florida. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf Region. The Gulf of Mexico red snapper fishery has been managed as an individual fishing quota

119

Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future Longer Term and Global Context 8.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; synthetic fuels; biofuels including biogas, biodiesels, and alcohols--even syngas derived from sources

120

Nitric Oxide Regulates Input Specificity of Long-Term Depression and Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Science and Technology, Takayama, Ikoma, Nara, Japan, 4 Initial Research Project, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Uruma, Okinawa, Japan Recent studies have shown that multiple internal models

Kawato, Mitsuo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Context representation using word sequences extracted from a news corpus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ambiguity in language is one of the most difficult problems in dealing with word senses using computers. Word senses vary dynamically depending on context. We need to specify the context to identify these. However, context also varies depending on ... Keywords: Conceptual fuzzy sets, Context representation, Word sense disambiguation, n-gram model

Hiroshi Sekiya; Takeshi Kondo; Makoto Hashimoto; Tomohiro Takagi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Model-based context privacy for personal data streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart phones with increased computation and sensing capabilities have enabled the growth of a new generation of applications which are organic and designed to react depending on the user contexts. These contexts typically define the personal, social, ... Keywords: context streams, context-awareness, dynamic bayesian networks, information leakage, privacy

Supriyo Chakraborty; Kasturi Rangan Raghavan; Mani Srivastava; Harris Teague

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Identifying and representing elements of local contexts in namibia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an attempt to represent local context in a 3D visualisation for rural elders in Namibia we have found major differences in the conceptualization of this context between external and local partners in the co-creation process. Through the evaluation ... Keywords: context, context-aware, indigenous knowledge, participatory design, re-contextualization

Kasper Rodil, Kasper Løvborg Jensen, Matthias Rehm, Heike Winschiers-Theophilus

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Context-information support for B2B collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context information is pervasive and is being tapped by many spheres of human endeavour to enhance decision making. Examples include location-based advertisements and user personalisation. Context-aware computing to facilitate Business-to-Business ... Keywords: B2B collaboration, SCM, business, business-to-, context aware computing, context information, partner selection, supplier selection criteria, supply chain management, web technology

P. S. Tan; A. E. S. Goh; S. S. G. Lee

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Context-oriented programming: A software engineering perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The implementation of context-aware systems can be supported through the adoption of techniques at the architectural level such as middlewares or component-oriented architectures. It can also be supported by suitable constructs at the programming language ... Keywords: Context, Context-awareness, Context-oriented programming

Guido Salvaneschi; Carlo Ghezzi; Matteo Pradella

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Glossary Term - Avogadro's Number  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic Number Previous Term (Atomic Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Decay) Beta Decay Avogadro's Number Avogadro's number is the number of particles in one mole of a...

127

Glossary Term - Vanadis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Van de Graaff Generator Previous Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds
in the...

128

Glossary Term - Liquid Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lepton Previous Term (Lepton) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Mercury) Mercury Liquid Nitrogen Liquid nitrogen boils in a frying pan on a desk. The liquid state of the element...

129

Glossary Term - Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen Previous Term (Liquid Nitrogen) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Mole) Mole Mercury Mercury as seen by the Mariner 10 spacecraft on March 24, 1974. Mercury is the...

130

Glossary Term - Mole  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury Previous Term (Mercury) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neptune) Neptune Mole A mole of a substance is the mass, in grams, that is numerically equal to that substance's...

131

Glossary Term - Helios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Half-life Previous Term (Half-life) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Isotope) Isotope Helios The sun seen in Hydrogen-alpha light. In Greek mythology, Helios was god of the sun....

132

Glossary Term - Nucleus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Niobe Previous Term (Niobe) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Pallas) Pallas Nucleus The nucleus of a nitrogen-14 atom. Discovered by Ernest Rutherford in 1911, the nucleus is the...

133

Glossary Term - Deuteron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deuterium Previous Term (Deuterium) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Dry Ice) Dry Ice Deuteron A Deuteron The nucleus of a deuterium atom. A deuteron consists of one proton and one...

134

Glossary Term - Joule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isotope Previous Term (Isotope) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Lepton) Lepton Joule A joule is the amount of work done when a force of one Newton is applied through a distance of...

135

Glossary Term - Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bohr Radius Previous Term (Bohr Radius) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Ceres) Ceres Catalyst A catalyst is a substance that increases the speed of a chemical reaction without being...

136

Glossary Term - Thor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tantalus Previous Term (Tantalus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Titans) Titans Thor In Norse mythology, Thor is the god of thunder and the son of Odin and Earth. Thor possesses a...

137

Glossary Term - Titans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thor Previous Term (Thor) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Tritium) Tritium Titans In Greek mythology, the Titans are the offspring of Earth and Sky and ruled before being overthrown...

138

Glossary Term - Gluon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volt (eV) Previous Term (Electron Volt (eV)) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Half-life) Half-life Gluon Gluons are the particles responsible for binding quarks to each other....

139

Glossary Term - Dry Ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deuteron Previous Term (Deuteron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Electron) Electron Dry Ice A block of dry ice sublimating on a table. Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide...

140

Toward a multidisciplinary model of context to support context-aware computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capturing, defining, and modeling the essence of context are challenging, compelling, and prominent issues for interdisciplinary research and discussion. The roots of its emergence lie in the inconsistencies and ambivalent definitions across and within ...

Nicholas A. Bradley; Mark D. Dunlop

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Glossary of Sewing Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication lists common terms used in sewing. It includes definitions of garment types, fabric qualities, notions and construction procedures.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The Cosmological Context of Extraplanar Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review evidence that galaxies form from gas that falls into potential wells cold, rather than from virialized gas, and that formation stops once an atmosphere of trapped virialized gas has accumulated. Disk galaxies do not have such atmospheres, so their formation is ongoing. During galaxy formation feedback is an efficient process, and the nuclear regions of disk galaxies blow winds. The cold infalling gas that drives continued star formation has a significant component of angular momentum perpendicular to that of the disk. Extraplanar gas has to be understood in the context set by nuclear outflows and cold skew-rotating cosmic infall.

James Binney

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

143

Thermal Density Functional Theory in Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter introduces thermal density functional theory, starting from the ground-state theory and assuming a background in quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. We review the foundations of density functional theory (DFT) by illustrating some of its key reformulations. The basics of DFT for thermal ensembles are explained in this context, as are tools useful for analysis and development of approximations. We close by discussing some key ideas relating thermal DFT and the ground state. This review emphasizes thermal DFT's strengths as a consistent and general framework.

Pribram-Jones, Aurora; Gross, E K U; Burke, Kieron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions As a premier national research and development laboratory, LANL seeks to do business with qualified companies that offer value and high quality products and services. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Use information below as guideline to doing business An "Appendix SFA-1" contains FAR and DEAR Clauses that are incorporated by reference into a particular subcontract. "Exhibit A General Conditions" are the general terms and conditions applicable to a particular subcontract. Note: The contents of the SFA-1 and Exhibit A (below) are not the only terms and conditions that will be in a LANS subcontract but represent the terms that generally do not change in a particular type of procurement. The

145

Long-Term Surveillance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long-Term Surveillance Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance Fiscal Year 2013 Year-End Summary Report September 2013 LMS/ESL/S10692 ESL-RPT-2013-03 This page intentionally left blank LMS/ESL/S10692 ESL-RPT-2013-03 Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance Fiscal Year 2013 Year-End Summary Report September 2013 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance FY 2013 Year-End Summary Report September 2013 Doc. No. S10692 Page i Contents Abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. ii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

146

Wireless sensor network system for supporting nursing context-awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a wireless sensor network system for supporting context-awareness of nursing activities in hospitals. Our system is aimed at automated recording of nursing work, providing context-aware services to nurses and visualising analytical results ...

Futoshi Naya; Ren Ohmura; Masakazu Miyamae; Haruo Noma; Kiyoshi Kogure; Michita Imai

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

CARBON OFFSETTING IN A TOURSIM CONTEXT: WHISTLER BC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARBON OFFSETTING IN A TOURSIM CONTEXT: WHISTLER BC by Katie von Gaza Bachelor of Environmental: Carbon offsetting in a Tourism Context: Whistler, BC. Project No.: 471 Examining Committee: Chair 2.2 Carbon Offsetting

148

CDL: an Integrated Framework for Context Specification and Recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A framework is introduced that is aimed at integrating ontology and logic approaches for context-awareness, suitable for use in Ambient Intelligence (AmI) scenarios. In particular, the context description language CDL is described, which allows to easily ...

Fulvio Mastrogiovanni; Antonello Scalmato; Antonio Sgorbissa; Renato Zaccaria

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Towards a standards-based autonomic context management system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pervasive computing applications must be sufficiently autonomous to adapt their behaviour to changes in computing resources and user requirements. This capability is known as context-awareness. In some cases, context-aware applications must be implemented ...

Jadwiga Indulska; Karen Henricksen; Peizhao Hu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The design and applications of a context service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context awareness enables applications to adapt themselves to their computing environment in order to better suit the needs of the user and the tasks. This paper describes a general middleware infrastructure for context collection and dissemination, ...

Hui Lei; Daby M. Sow; John S. Davis, II; Guruduth Banavar; Maria R. Ebling

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Building Technologies Office: Context-Aware Smart Home Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Context-Aware Smart Home Energy Manager Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Context-Aware Smart Home Energy Manager Research Project on...

152

Long-term fuzzy management of water resource systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present context of water resource scarcity, a complete approach for long-term storage/transfer/distribution system management is proposed. The main management objective of such a kind of system is to manage reserves and releases so as to minimize ... Keywords: fuzzy logic, modeling, optimization, water resource management

Roger Marcelin Faye; Salam Sawadogo; Claude Lishou; Félix Mora-Camino

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Context of '2002: Study Finds that Oil and Gas Industry ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Context of '2002: Study Finds that Oil and Gas Industry Responsible for Significant Portion of Louisiana Coastal Wetland Loss'

154

Irregular term courses (These do not roll to future terms) Irregular term courses are allowed only in fall and spring terms. Irregular term courses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irregular term courses (These do not roll to future terms) · Irregular term courses are allowed only in fall and spring terms. Irregular term courses in spring term cannot roll into summer term(s), no exceptions. · A course ending one day or more beyond the last final exam day for the fall term is considered

Bolding, M. Chad

155

Context-for-wireless: context-sensitive energy-efficient wireless data transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ubiquitous connectivity on mobile devices will enable numerous new applications in healthcare and multimedia. We set out to check how close we are towards ubiquitous connectivity in our daily life. The findings from our recent field-collected data from ... Keywords: context-for-wireless, energy-efficient wireless, multiple wireless interfaces

Ahmad Rahmati; Lin Zhong

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where · V is a nite set of non;Context-Free Languages recall the non-regular language {anban | n 0} · V = {S} · = {a,b} · productionSaaa aaabaaa 2 #12;Context-Free Languages We use to mean that can be obtained from using one application

Waterloo, University of

157

Library Terms That Users Understand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data resources about Library Terms That Users Understand ©terminology is a major factor. Terms most often cited asHumanities    or Social Sciences Terms most often cited as

Kupersmith, John

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Cornman's definition of observation terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

reconcile what is described in mentalistic terms with materialism. ... It is clearly important that the observation terms should not include terms which are ...

159

Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions Terms and Conditions R&D Overview 100G Testbed Testbed Description Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Performance (perfSONAR) Tools Development Green Networking Authentication & Trust Federation (ATF) Partnerships Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Terms and Conditions Researchers must provide ESnet copies of any articles, presentations, and publications based on testbed research for posting on the ESnet Testbed web site. All publications based on work conducted on the testbed must include the following statement:

160

Flu Terms Defined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flu Terms Defined H1N1 Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 flu, but...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow Short Term?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that emerging economies borrow short term due to the high risk premium charged by international capital markets on long-term debt. First, we present a model where the debt maturity structure is the outcome of a risk sharing problem between the government and bondholders. By issuing long-term debt, the government lowers the probability of a liquidity crisis, transferring risk to bondholders. In equilibrium, this risk is reflected in a higher risk premium and borrowing cost. Therefore, the government faces a trade-off between safer long-term borrowing and cheaper short-term debt. Second, we construct a new database of sovereign bond prices and issuance. We show that emerging economies pay a positive term premium (a higher risk premium on long-term bonds than on short-term bonds). During crises, the term premium increases, with issuance shifting toward shorter maturities. This suggests that changes in bondholders ’ risk aversion are important to understand emerging market crises.

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Mechanistic facility safety and source term analysis  

SciTech Connect

A PC-based computer program was created for facility safety and source term analysis at Hanford The program has been successfully applied to mechanistic prediction of source terms from chemical reactions in underground storage tanks, hydrogen combustion in double contained receiver tanks, and proccss evaluation including the potential for runaway reactions in spent nuclear fuel processing. Model features include user-defined facility room, flow path geometry, and heat conductors, user-defined non-ideal vapor and aerosol species, pressure- and density-driven gas flows, aerosol transport and deposition, and structure to accommodate facility-specific source terms. Example applications are presented here.

PLYS, M.G.

1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

163

Context-aware Authorization in Highly Dynamic Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly dynamic computing environments, like ubiquitous and pervasive computing environments, require frequent adaptation of applications. Context is a key to adapt suiting user needs. On the other hand, standard access control trusts users once they have authenticated, despite the fact that they may reach unauthorized contexts. We analyse how taking into account dynamic information like context in the authorization subsystem can improve security, and how this new access control applies to interaction patterns, like messaging or eventing. We experiment and validate our approach using context as an authorization factor for eventing in Web service for device (like UPnP or DPWS), in smart home security.

Tigli, Jean-Yves; Rey, Gaetan; Hourdin, Vincent; Riveill, Michel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computational modeling experience they can use in the classroom. Photo by Jamie DouglasLLNL. Laboratory academy provides teachers with 'real world' context to teach science...

165

Dictionary of petroleum terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terms included in the dictionary come from writers and contributors of the Petroleum Extension Service of Texas (PETEC), which constantly revises and updates the material to keep it current. Over 170 pages of petroleum-related words include those involving exploration, production, processing, transport, marketing, and use. Lists of abbreviations, units, and metric equivalents and prefixes follow the dictionary.

Leecraft, J. (ed.)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran  

SciTech Connect

The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Attachment J TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment J TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD # PON-10-603 #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................... 24 i #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant from is comprised of the grant funding award, the Terms and Conditions, and all attachments. These Terms

168

Attachment K TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment K TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD # #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE ............................................................................... 24 i #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant from, the Terms and Conditions, and all attachments. These Terms and Conditions are standard requirements

169

ShortShort--Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis ShortShort--Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook Chart Gallery for Chart Gallery for ...

170

BEDES Terms and Definitions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Terms and Definitions Terms and Definitions BEDES Terms and Definitions On this page you'll find terms and definitions associated with the Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES). Data Specification, or spec A data spec establishes clear field names, definitions, formats (e.g. number, text) and enumerations (categorical lists) It serves as a guide to ensure that data is consistent among a range of sources and uses. For example, Green Button is a data specification that is used for utility customers' energy consumption information. Data Schema A data schema (or model) describes the structural relationships, hierarchies, and dependencies between data fields. For example, a schema might dictate that energy consumption data should be associated with a meter and a space in a building. A data specification could be used as the

171

Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This publication is a glossary of terms used by the crop insurance industry. There are definitions for terms used in crop insurance documents and for terms pertaining to coverage levels, farming, reports, units and parties to contracts.

Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

172

Data-centric middleware for context-aware pervasive computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexity of developing and deploying context-aware pervasive-computing applications calls for distributed software infrastructures that assist applications to collect, aggregate, and disseminate contextual data. In this paper, we motivate a data-centric ... Keywords: Context-aware computing, Data-centric middleware, Emergency response, Pervasive computing, Smart environments

Guanling Chen; Ming Li; David Kotz

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Social temporal collaborative ranking for context aware movie recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most existing collaborative filtering models only consider the use of user feedback (e.g., ratings) and meta data (e.g., content, demographics). However, in most real world recommender systems, context information, such as time and social networks, are ... Keywords: Collaborative filtering, context awareness, recommender systems, user feedback

Nathan N. Liu; Luheng He; Min Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Context-aware systems: A literature review and classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, numerous journals and conferences have published articles related to context-aware systems, indicating many researchers' interest. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to review the works that were published in journals, suggest a new classification ... Keywords: Classification framework, Context-aware systems, Literature reviews

Jong-yi Hong; Eui-ho Suh; Sung-Jin Kim

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Support for context-aware intelligibility and control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intelligibility and control are important user concerns in context-aware applications. They allow a user to understand why an application is behaving a certain way, and to change its behavior. Because of their importance to end users, they must be addressed ... Keywords: context-aware computing, control, design support, intelligibility, toolkits

Anind K. Dey; Alan Newberger

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Modeling and simulation to assist context aware system design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a modelling and visualization design approach for context-aware systems, specifically focusing on applications that support location tracking and that exhibit their behaviour as actuations in the deployment environment. The design ... Keywords: Context awareness, design tool, modelling, prototyping, simulation, test-bed, ubiquitous computing

Eleanor O'Neill; Owen Conlan; David Lewis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Optimizing locality for self-organizing context-based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Running context-based systems with a fixed infrastructure involves substantial investments. There have been efforts to replace those systems with self-organizing ones. Therefore, recent systems use peer-to-peer (P2P) technology as a basis. Context-information ...

Mirko Knoll; Torben Weis

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Real time reactive programming in lucid enriched with contexts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a synchronous approach to real-time reactive programming in Lucid enriched with contexts as first class objects. The declarative intensional approach allows real-time reactive programs to manipulate both events and state-based representations ... Keywords: contexts, formal verification, intensional programming, real-time reactive programming

Kaiyu Wan; Vasu Alagar; Joey Paquet

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Geographic information retrieval: Modeling uncertainty of user's context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographic information retrieval (GIR) is nowadays a hot research issue that involves the management of uncertainty and imprecision and the modeling of user preferences and context. Indexing the geographic content of documents implies dealing with the ... Keywords: Bipolar criteria evaluation, Context dependent spatial query, Fuzzy aggregation operators, Geographic footprint, Geographic information retrieval, Soft constraint

Gloria Bordogna; Giorgio Ghisalberti; Giuseppe Psaila

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Glossary Term - Uranus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tritium Tritium Previous Term (Tritium) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Van de Graaff Generator Uranus Uranus as seen by the Voyager II spacecraft. Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun and takes 84 years to orbit the sun once. Uranus is about 4 times larger than the Earth and is about 14.5 times as massive. Uranus was discovered on March 13, 1781 by William Herschel. In greek mythology, Uranus was Father Sky. Planetary Data Distance from Sun Length of Day Length of Year Radius Mass 19.191 AU 17.2 hours 84.01 years 25,559 km 8.68*1025 kg Known Satellites Name Distance from Uranus Rotational Period Orbital Period Radius Cordelia 49,770 km -unknown- 0.335034 days 21 km Ophelia 53,790 km -unknown- 0.376400 days 23 km Bianca 59,170 km -unknown- 0.434579 days 27 km

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Glossary Term - Neptune  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mole Mole Previous Term (Mole) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Neutrino) Neutrino Neptune Neptune as seen by the Voyager II spacecraft on August 14, 1989. Neptune is the eighth planet from the sun and takes 165 years to orbit the sun once. Neptune is about 4 times larger than the Earth and is about 17 times as massive. Neptune was discovered on September 23, 1846 based on calculations done by the French astronomer Urbain LeVerrier and the English astronomer John Adams. Neptune is also the Roman name for Poseidon, the god of the sea and earthquakes. Neptune was the son of Chronus and Rhea and carries the trident, a three pronged spear. Planetary Data Distance from Sun Length of Day Length of Year Radius Mass 30.069 AU 16.1 hours 164.79 years 24,764 km 1.02*1026 kg Known Satellites

182

Glossary Term - Beta Decay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Avogadro's Number Avogadro's Number Previous Term (Avogadro's Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Particle) Beta Particle Beta Decay Beta decay results in the emission of an electron and antineutrino, or a positron and neutrino. Beta decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. There are two types of beta decay, beta-minus and beta-plus. During beta-minus decay, a neutron in an atom's nucleus turns into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The electron and antineutrino fly away from the nucleus, which now has one more proton than it started with. Since an atom gains a proton during beta-minus decay, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing beta-minus decay, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of nitrogen (with 7 protons).

183

Glossary Term - Electron Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Previous Term (Electron) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Electron Volt (eV)) Electron Volt (eV) Electron Capture After electron capture, an atom contains one less proton and one more neutron. Electron capture is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. During electron capture, an electron in an atom's inner shell is drawn into the nucleus where it combines with a proton, forming a neutron and a neutrino. The neutrino is ejected from the atom's nucleus. Since an atom loses a proton during electron capture, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing electron capture, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of boron (with 5 protons). Although the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom's nucleus change

184

Glossary Term - Ceres  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalyst Catalyst Previous Term (Catalyst) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Cloud Chamber) Cloud Chamber Ceres Ceres is an asteroid located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Discovered on January 1, 1801 by Giuseppi Piazzi, Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered. With a diameter of 1025 kilometers (637 miles), Ceres is also the largest known asteroid. Ceres is also the Roman name for the Greek goddess Demeter, the elder sister of Zeus and daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Demeter was the goddess of grain and helped the crops grow. One day her daughter, Persephone, was abducted by Hades. While Demeter searched for her missing daughter, no crops grew and people starved. Persephone was eventually found, but Hades refused to let her leave the underworld. As a compromise, Persephone is

185

Long Term Innovative Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE's Hydrogen and DOE's Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies, Fuel Cell Presolicitation Workshop Bryan Pivovar With Input/Feedback from Rod Borup (LANL), Debbie Myers (ANL), DOE and others as noted in presentation Lakewood, CO March 16, 2010 Long Term Innovative Technologies National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Innovative/Long Term and RELEVANT Mission of DOE Mission of EERE (Applied Program) Mission of HFCT To enable the widespread commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cells in diverse sectors of the economy-with emphasis on applications that will most effectively strengthen the nation's energy security and improve our stewardship of the environment-through research, development, and demonstration of critical improvements in the technologies, and through diverse activities to overcome

186

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal to Identify Context-Rules, Roles and Tools to Develop Action Plan to Implement Plan to Measure and Evaluate. Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle After determining your agency's institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they

187

DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms Latent Print AFIS Interoperability Working Group Page 2. DRAFT Glossary of AFIS Terms 2 ...

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

Glossary of nuclear criticality terms  

SciTech Connect

This is a glossary of terms generally encountered in the literature of nuclear criticality and criticality safety. Terms sometimes misused are emphasized. 7 refs.

Paxton, H.C.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Short Short- -Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook Chart Gallery for Chart Gallery for November...

190

Flu Terms Defined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flu Terms Defined Flu Terms Defined H1N1 Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 flu, but human infections can and do happen. H1N1 flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people. Avian flu (AI) is caused by influenza viruses that occur naturally among wild birds. Low pathogenic AI is common in birds and causes few problems. Highly pathogenic H5N1 is deadly to domestic fowl, can be transmitted from birds to humans, and is deadly to humans. There is virtually no human immunity and human vaccine availability is very limited. Pandemic flu is virulent human flu that causes a global outbreak, or pandemic, of serious illness. Because there is little natural immunity, the disease can spread easily from person to person. Currently, there is no pandemic flu.

191

Defining, expressing, and using context in a simulation environment  

SciTech Connect

Reuse and interoperability are two keywords in the mantra of the modeling and simulation community. In order to achieve these goals, one must be able to capture, express, and manage the context of individual entities, models, and applications. Capturing the context requires having a thorough understanding of what the entity, model, or application was intended to do and is able to do. While many aspects of context are not easily expressible in a format or language that could be understood and managed in a simulation environment, there are some aspects that can be and the authors discuss how these aspects can be represented in a generalized object-oriented framework.

Hummel, J. R.; Christiansen, J. H.

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

192

Massive gravity with mass term in three dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the effect of the Pauli-Fierz mass term on a recently established, new massive gravity theory in three space-time dimensions. We show that the Pauli-Fierz mass term makes the new massive gravity theory nonunitary. Moreover, although we add the gravitational Chern-Simons term to this model, the situation remains unchanged and the theory stays nonunitary despite that the structure of the graviton propagator is greatly changed. Thus, the Pauli-Fierz mass term is not allowed to coexist with mass-generating higher-derivative terms in the new massive gravity.

Nakasone, Masashi; Oda, Ichiro [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Interaction issues in context-aware intelligent environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-aware intelligent environments are computing systems embedded within physical spaces. They are equipped with input and output computing devices for users and sensors to provide contextual information to the system. These environments provide ...

Steven A. N. Shafer; Barry Brumitt; J. J. Cadiz

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A Discussion of US LNG Exports in an International Context  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A Discussion of US LNG Exports in an International Context Kenneth B Medlock III James A Baker III and Susan G Baker Fellow in Energy and Resource Economics, and

195

A context model for semantic mediation in web services composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a context-driven approach that aims at supporting semantic mediation between composed Web services. Despite the widespread adoption of Web services by the IT community, innovative solutions are needed in order to overcome the challenging ...

Michael Mrissa; Chirine Ghedira; Djamal Benslimane; Zakaria Maamar

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Context-based authentication and transport of cultural assets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a ubiquitous system that combines context information, security mechanisms and a transport infrastructure to provide authentication and secure transport of works of art. Authentication is provided for both auctions and exhibitions, where users ... Keywords: Authentication, Ubiquitous systems

Leonardo Mostarda; Changyu Dong; Naranker Dulay

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Challenges in modelling and using quality of context (qoc)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-awareness in the vision of Ubiquitous Computing implies more than just the integration of sensor data into applications. It promises vast benefits from automated sharing and combining of knowledge about current situations. We emphasize the necessity ...

Michael Krause; Iris Hochstatter

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Ooishi's Observation: Viewed in the Context of Jet Stream Discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although aircraft encounters with strong westerly winds during World War II provided the stimulus for postwar research on the jet stream, Wasaburo Ooishi observed these winds in the 1920s. Ooishi's work is reviewed in the context of earlier work ...

John M. Lewis

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Context-Aware Modeling and Recognition of Activities in Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, rather than modeling activities in videos individually, we propose a hierarchical framework that jointly models and recognizes related activities using motion and various context features. This is motivated from the observations that the ...

Yingying Zhu, Nandita M. Nayak, Amit K. Roy-Chowdhury

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Exploring the context : a small hotel in Key West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a personal method and approach for designing in a delicate context such as the Key West Historic District. This thesis is composed of two parts. The first part presents observations of Key West, focusing ...

VanBeuzekom, Edrick

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Usable SPACE: security, privacy, and context for the mobile user  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Users breach the security of data within many financial applications daily as human and/or business expediency to access and use information wins over corporate security policy guidelines. Recognizing that changing user context often requires different ...

Dawn Jutla

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Alternative Dispute Resolution Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Dispute Resolution Terms Alternative Dispute Resolution Terms Alternative Dispute Resolution Terms Dispute Systems Design Dispute systems design is a process for assisting an organization to develop a structure for handling a series of similar recurring or anticipated disputes (e.g., environmental enforcement cases or EEO complaints within a federal agency) more effectively. Facilitation Facilitation is a collaborative process in which a neutral seeks to assist a group of individuals or other parties to discuss constructively a number of complex, potentially controversial issues. The neutral in a facilitation process (the "facilitator") plays a less active role than a mediator and, unlike a mediator, does not see "resolution" of a conflict as a goal of his or her work.

203

On the Rational Terms of the one-loop amplitudes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The various sources of Rational Terms contributing to the one-loop amplitudes are critically discussed. We show that the terms originating from the generic (n-4)-dimensional structure of the numerator of the one-loop amplitude can be derived by using appropriate Feynman rules within a tree-like computation. For the terms that originate from the reduction of the 4-dimensional part of the numerator, we present two different strategies and explicit algorithms to compute them.

Giovanni Ossola; Costas G. Papadopoulos; Roberto Pittau

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

204

Long-Term Preservation of Digital Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-Term Preservation of Digital Material { Building an Archive to Preserve Digital Cultural Heritage from the Internet by Andreas Aschenbrenner Digital information has become seemingly ubiquitous, as technology saturates all aspects of our life. Consequently, people become increasingly dependent on digital information and the Internet as a medium for gaining and exchanging information. At the same time, the structure and content of the Internet growingly mirrors society, making it an important part of our modern cultural heritage.

Andreas Aschenbrenner

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Glossary of Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiscal Year – The Council operates on a federal fiscal year (FFY) that begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. Focus Area – The Council has selected five areas on which to focus the remaining funds, four of which are addressed in this Invitation: herring, long-term monitoring of marine conditions and injured resources, harbor protection and marine restoration and lingering oil. Plan – is a multi-year program request for funding that includes all administrative and costs to run each program area. Preferred Proposer – after reviewing proposals submitted under this Invitation, the Council will identify a Preferred Proposer for each focus area and direct Council staff to work with each Preferred Proposer to revise the subject proposals to satisfy any scientific, technical or programmatic concerns. This identification is not a commitment to fund. Program – is a 20-year plan for spending the funds for each program area. Program Science Panel – a panel of scientific experts to review potential projects and give guidance and oversight on the direction of the program; is not required to be independent from the program.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2013 1 July 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights The U.S. Energy Information ...

207

Dynamic context discrimination : psychological evidence for the Sandia Cognitive Framework.  

SciTech Connect

Human behavior is a function of an iterative interaction between the stimulus environment and past experience. It is not simply a matter of the current stimulus environment activating the appropriate experience or rule from memory (e.g., if it is dark and I hear a strange noise outside, then I turn on the outside lights and investigate). Rather, it is a dynamic process that takes into account not only things one would generally do in a given situation, but things that have recently become known (e.g., there have recently been coyotes seen in the area and one is known to be rabid), as well as other immediate environmental characteristics (e.g., it is snowing outside, I know my dog is outside, I know the police are already outside, etc.). All of these factors combine to inform me of the most appropriate behavior for the situation. If it were the case that humans had a rule for every possible contingency, the amount of storage that would be required to enable us to fluidly deal with most situations we encounter would rapidly become biologically untenable. We can all deal with contingencies like the one above with fairly little effort, but if it isn't based on rules, what is it based on? The assertion of the Cognitive Systems program at Sandia for the past 5 years is that at the heart of this ability to effectively navigate the world is an ability to discriminate between different contexts (i.e., Dynamic Context Discrimination, or DCD). While this assertion in and of itself might not seem earthshaking, it is compelling that this ability and its components show up in a wide variety of paradigms across different subdisciplines in psychology. We begin by outlining, at a high functional level, the basic ideas of DCD. We then provide evidence from several different literatures and paradigms that support our assertion that DCD is a core aspect of cognitive functioning. Finally, we discuss DCD and the computational model that we have developed as an instantiation of DCD in more detail. Before commencing with our overview of DCD, we should note that DCD is not necessarily a theory in the classic sense. Rather, it is a description of cognitive functioning that seeks to unify highly similar findings across a wide variety of literatures. Further, we believe that such convergence warrants a central place in efforts to computationally emulate human cognition. That is, DCD is a general principle of cognition. It is also important to note that while we are drawing parallels across many literatures, these are functional parallels and are not necessarily structural ones. That is, we are not saying that the same neural pathways are involved in these phenomena. We are only saying that the different neural pathways that are responsible for the appearance of these various phenomena follow the same functional rules - the mechanisms are the same even if the physical parts are distinct. Furthermore, DCD is not a causal mechanism - it is an emergent property of the way the brain is constructed. DCD is the result of neurophysiology (cf. John, 2002, 2003). Finally, it is important to note that we are not proposing a generic learning mechanism such that one biological algorithm can account for all situation interpretation. Rather, we are pointing out that there are strikingly similar empirical results across a wide variety of disciplines that can be understood, in part, by similar cognitive processes. It is entirely possible, even assumed in some cases (i.e., primary language acquisition) that these more generic cognitive processes are complemented and constrained by various limits which may or may not be biological in nature (cf. Bates & Elman, 1996; Elman, in press).

Speed, Ann Elizabeth

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Optimising context data dissemination and storage in distributed pervasive computing systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context management systems are expected to administrate large volumes of spatial and non-spatial information in geographical disperse domains. In particular, when these systems cover wide areas such as cities, countries or even the entire planet, the ... Keywords: Context Distributed Database Management System, Context management & query languages, Context replication, Mobile physical object handling, Selective context data dissemination

Ioanna Roussaki; Maria Strimpakou; Carsten Pils; Nikos Kalatzis; Nicolas Liampotis

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Glossary of Terms in TDE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Glossary of Terms used in ThermoData Engine (TDE): Alternative Equations (Navigation Tree item): For most properties ...

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Crystallographic Terms and Concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Crystal structures of the elements...K) Tb oC 4 1 δ (60 kbar at RT) Sm hR 3 8 Tc (technetium) â?¦ Mg hP 2 1 , 8 Te (tellurium) â?¦ Se hP 3 1 Te II (>15 kbar) As hR 2(?) 1 Te II (>70 kbar) Hg hR 1 8 Th (thorium) α (RT) Cu cF 4 1 β (HT) W cI 2 1 Ti (titanium) α (RT) Mg hP 2 1 β (HT) W cI 2 1 Ti II (HP; retained when pressure removed) Ti hP 3 (Ï?...

211

THE LONG-TERM EVOLUTION OF DOUBLE WHITE DWARF MERGERS  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present a model for the long-term evolution of the merger of two unequal mass C/O white dwarfs (WDs). After the dynamical phase of the merger, magnetic stresses rapidly redistribute angular momentum, leading to nearly solid-body rotation on a viscous timescale of 10{sup -4}-1 yr, long before significant cooling can occur. Due to heating during the dynamical and viscous phases, the less massive WD is transformed into a hot, slowly rotating, and radially extended envelope supported by thermal pressure. Following the viscous phase of evolution, the maximum temperature near the envelope base may already be high enough to begin off-center convective carbon burning. If not, Kelvin-Helmholtz contraction of the inner region of the envelope on a thermal timescale of 10{sup 3}-10{sup 4} yr compresses the base of the envelope, again yielding off-center burning. As a result, the long-term evolution of the merger remnant is similar to that seen in previous calculations: the burning shell diffuses inward over {approx}10{sup 4} yr, eventually yielding a high-mass O/Ne WD or a collapse to a neutron star, rather than a Type Ia supernova. During the cooling and shell-burning phases, the merger remnant radiates near the Eddington limit. Given the double WD merger rate of a few per 1000 yr, a few dozen of these {approx}10{sup 38} erg s{sup -1} sources should exist in a Milky Way type galaxy. While the end result is similar to that of previous studies, the physical picture and the dynamical state of the matter in our model differ from previous work. Furthermore, substantial remaining uncertainties related to the convective structure near the photosphere and mass loss during the thermal evolution may significantly affect our conclusions. Thus, future work within the context of the physical model presented here is required to better address the eventual fate of double WD mergers, including those for which one or both of the components is a He WD.

Shen, Ken J.; Kasen, Daniel [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Bildsten, Lars [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Quataert, Eliot, E-mail: kenshen@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

ATTACHMENT E TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATTACHMENT E TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE NO. 1. Vehicle Buy-Down Incentive Program Agreement................................................ 1 2. Term of the Agreement..................................................................................................... 14 #12;TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Vehicle Buy-Down Incentive Program Agreement The Vehicle Buy

213

Eight Fermion Terms in the Effective Action of the ABJM Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study eight fermion terms in the effective action of the ABJM model. We show the non-renormalization of $v^2$ terms. After classifying all the possible eight fermion structures, we show that $\\CN=6$ supersymmetry determines all these terms completely up to an overall constant. This confirms the one loop non-renormalization of $v^4$ terms.

Jong-Hyun Baek; Seungjoon Hyun; Sang-Heon Yi

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

214

Long-Term Stewardship Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Long Term Stewardship Office of Long Term Stewardship LONG-TERM STEWARDSHIP STUDY Volume I - Report Prepared to comply with the terms of a settlement agreement: Natural Resources Defense Council, et al. v. Richardson, et al., Civ. No. 97-936 (SS) (D.D.C. Dec. 12, 1998). Final Study October 2001 - i - Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Long-term Stewardship Study ("Study" or "Final Study") to comply with the terms of a settlement agreement between DOE, the Natural Resources Defense Council, and 38 other plaintiffs [Natural Resources Defense Council, et al. v. Richardson, et al., Civ. No. 97-936 (SS) (D.D.C. Dec. 12, 1998)]. The Study describes and analyzes several issues and a variety of information associated with long-term stewardship. The Study

215

4d Lorentzian Holst action with topological terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Hamiltonian formulation of the general first order action of general relativity compatible with local Lorentz invariance and background independence. The most general simplectic structure (compatible with diffeomorphism invariance and local Lorentz transformations) is obtained by adding to the Holst action the Pontriagin, Euler and Nieh-Yan invariants with independent coupling constants. We perform a detailed canonical analysis of this general formulation (in the time gauge) exploring the structure of the phase space in terms of connection variables. We explain the relationship of these topological terms, and the effect of large SU(2) gauge transformations in quantum theories of gravity defined in terms of the Ashtekar-Barbero connection.

Danilo Jimenez Rezende; Alejandro Perez

2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

216

Isotope Programming Model: a Kind of Program Model for Context-Aware Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major feature of context-aware applications is that the program can implement different actions according to the context environment of users.With regard to programming context-aware applications with the traditional object-oriented model, behaviors ...

Xi Min; Zhao Jizhong; Qi Yong; He Hui; Li Ming; Wei Wei

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Random Context and Semi-Conditional Insertion-Deletion Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we introduce the operations of insertion and deletion working in a random-context and semi-conditional manner. We show that the conditional use of rules strictly increase the computational power. In the case of semi-conditional insertion-deletion systems context-free insertion and deletion rules of one symbol are sufficient to get the computational completeness. In the random context case our results expose an asymmetry between the computational power of insertion and deletion rules: systems of size $(2,0,0; 1,1,0)$ are computationally complete, while systems of size $(1,1,0;2,0,0)$ (and more generally of size $(1,1,0;p,1,1)$) are not. This is particularly interesting because other control mechanisms like graph-control or matrix control used together with insertion-deletion systems do not present such asymmetry.

Ivanov, Sergiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Development of a Context Aware Virtual Smart Home Simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context awareness is the most important research area in ubiquitous computing. In particular, for smart home, context awareness attempts to bring the best services to the home habitants. However, the implementation in the real environment is not easy and takes a long time from building the scratch. Thus, to support the implementation in the real smart home, it is necessary to demonstrate that thing can be done in the simulator in which context information can be created by virtual sensors instead of physical sensors. In this paper, we propose ISS, an Interactive Smart home Simulator system aiming at controlling and simulating the behavior of an intelligent house. The developed system aims to provide architects, designers a simulation and useful tool for understanding the interaction between environment, people and the impact of embedded and pervasive technology on in daily life. In this research, the smart house is considered as an environment made up of independent and distributed devices interacting to supp...

Van Nguyen, Tam; Choi, Deokjai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

An Infrastructure for Distributed Computing and Context Aware Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses what we see as main issues in context awareness, small size and low power of today's mobile computing devices. Until now, these devices are heterogenous and mostly used standalone to accomplish certain task. That means there is no a single generic type device and user needs to be aware of different devices to perform different tasks, which is of course practically inconvenient. We propose a generic device and a network infrastructure which address low power consumption, context aware computing and protable device for the ubiquitous computing environment. Where the generic device (as a mobile device) interacts with the different distributed devices which are fixed in the physical infrastructure.

Sujan Pandey; Sujan P; Peter Zipf; Oliver Soffke; Mihail Petrov; Tudor Murgan; Max Mühlhäuser; Manfred Glesner

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Quantum scholasticism: On quantum contexts, counterfactuals, and the absurdities of quantum omniscience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unlike classical information, quantum knowledge is restricted to the outcome of measurements of maximal observables corresponding to single contexts. Keywords: Context, Maximal observables, Omniscience, Quantum information

Karl Svozil

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Term Appointments | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Term Appointments Term Appointments Term Appointments A term appointment is a non-permanent time limited appointment for a period of more than 1 year but not more than 4 years. The appointment allows eiligibility for benefits and retirement coverage. Reasons for making a term appointment include but are not limited to: project work, extraordinary workload, scheduled abolishment, reorganization, uncertainty of future funding, or the need to maintain permanent positions for placement of employees who would otherwise be displaced from other parts of the organization. OPM may authorize exceptions beyond the 4-year limit when the extension is appropriately justifiable. For example, if the deadline of a major project is extended and the employee's term appointment is at the end of its time

222

RENEWABLE ENERGY Medium-Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Please note that this PDF is subject to specific restrictions that limit its use and distribution. The terms and conditions are available online at

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Efficient monitoring of parametric context-free patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in runtime verification and monitoring show that parametric regular and temporal logic specifications can be efficiently monitored against large programs. However, these logics reduce to ordinary finite automata, limiting their expressivity. ... Keywords: Context-free languages, Monitoring, Runtime verification

Patrick O'Neil Meredith; Dongyun Jin; Feng Chen; Grigore Ro?u

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fast app launching for mobile devices using predictive user context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As mobile apps become more closely integrated into our everyday lives, mobile app interactions ought to be rapid and responsive. Unfortunately, even the basic primitive of launching a mobile app is sorrowfully sluggish: 20 seconds of delay is not uncommon ... Keywords: application prediction, context, location, mobile devices

Tingxin Yan; David Chu; Deepak Ganesan; Aman Kansal; Jie Liu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

US STATE POLICIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY: CONTEXT AND EFFECTIVENESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 US STATE POLICIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY: CONTEXT AND EFFECTIVENESS Magali Delmas* UCLA Institute, Carlos III University, Madrid, Spain mmontes@emp.uc3m.es Forthcoming Energy Policy ABSTRACT Over the past decade, state policies on renewable energy have been on the rise in the United States, providing states

Delmas, Magali

226

Context-based distribution of points of interest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Location Based Services are a wide spread service family available at each mobile platform. One occurrence comprise services that allows users to find restaurants, hotels, sights, ATMs, gas stations, etc., i.e. points of interest (POIs). The next generation ... Keywords: authorization management, context-awareness, information sharing, location based services (lbs), points of interest (poi), user empowerment, user managed access

Mario Hoffmann; Alam Mohammad; Suleman Khan

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A framework for design engineering education in a global context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a framework for teaching design engineering in a global context using innovative technologies to enable distributed teams to work together effectively across international and cultural boundaries. The Digital Libraries for Global ... Keywords: Design Education, Design Engineering, Digital Libraries, Distributed Working

Andrew j. Wodehouse; Hilary j. Grierson; Caroline Breslin; Ozgur Eris; William j. Ion; Larry j. Leifer; Ade Mabogunje

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Organizational Reference Groups: A Missing Perspective on Social Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces and empirically explores the concept of an organizational reference group: the set of people an individual perceives as belonging to his or her work environment that defines the social world of work in which he or she engages. The ... Keywords: career achievement, career expectations, career referents, cognition, organizational reference groups, perception, reference groups, social context, social networks

Barbara S. Lawrence

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Using context to reveal factors that affect physical activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are many physical activity awareness systems available in today's market. These systems show physical activity information (e.g., step counts, energy expenditure, heart rate) which is sufficient for many self-knowledge needs, but information about ... Keywords: Physical activity, awareness, context, field study, interviews, monitoring, personal informatics, visualizations

Ian Li; Anind K. Dey; Jodi Forlizzi

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

On context-sensitive usability evaluation in mobile HCI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In usability evaluations, experiments are often conducted in closed laboratory situations to avoid disturbing influences. Due to non-realistic usage assumptions, this approach has important shortcomings when mobile Human Computer Interactions (m-HCIs) ... Keywords: context-sensitivity, field usability evaluation, mobile HCI, wireless sensor network

Karin Anna Hummel; Thomas Grill; Andrea Hess

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Named entity recognition in a South African context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of a probabilistic Named Entity Recognition system in a South African context was tested. The intended use of the system is in a cyber forensic domain. At the core of the system is a dynamic Bayesian Network, which takes into account ... Keywords: cyber forensics, dynamic Bayesian networks, gazetteers, information extraction, named entity

Anita Louis; Alta De Waal; Cobus Venter

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Solar: An Open Platform for Context-Aware Mobile Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar: An Open Platform for Context-Aware Mobile Applications Guanling Chen and David Kotz Dept the user state and the physical and computational environ- ment in which they run. Solar is a middleware into the in- frastructure, Solar allows applications to run on thin mo- bile clients more effectively

233

ON USING GRAPHICAL MODELS FOR SUPPORTING CONTEXT AWARE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON USING GRAPHICAL MODELS FOR SUPPORTING CONTEXT AWARE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL Lynda Tamine@irit.fr, boubekeur@irit.fr, bougha@irit.fr Keywords: Contextual information retrieval, Graphical models, Influence, a key challenge in in- formation retrieval nowadays consists in enhancing an information seeking process

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

Direct construction of compact context-dependency transducers from data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new method for building compact context-dependency transducers for finite-state transducer-based ASR decoders. Instead of the conventional phonetic decision tree growing followed by FST compilation, this approach incorporates the ... Keywords: LVCSR, WFST

David Rybach, Michael Riley, Chris Alberti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Process-context aware matchmaking for web service composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web service composition can help software developer design more powerful and flexible applications according to requirements of enterprise. But during compositing, how to discover suitable web services is a critical problem in design and implementing ... Keywords: Process-context aware, Web service composition, Web service matchmaking

Weili Han; Xingdong Shi; Ronghua Chen

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Region Management Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Region Management Context The Gulf of Mexico Region includes by the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council (GMFMC) and NOAA Fisheries (NMFS) under eight fishery in conjunction with the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC). Gulf of Mexico Region FMPs 1. Red Drum

237

High order ZIP' differencing of convective terms. Memorandum report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ZIP flux form for differencing the term (wv) sub x, where w is a convected quantity and v is a convective velocity, is observed to be equivalent to differencing the alternative expression wv sub x + w sub x v using centered second order finite differences. Based on this observation, the extension of the ZIP flux concept to arbitrarily high order accuracy is given. Computational examples show the advantage both of the ZIP flux concept itself and of its higher order forms within the context of flux-corrected transport (FCT) algorithms.

Zalesak, S.T.

1980-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

238

Term structure of interest rates and monetary policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maiden 1 MMIFL TALF AIG ABCP PDCF discount swaps CPLF TAC RPFund Liq- uidity Facility; PDCF: loans extended to primary

Wu, Jing Cynthia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Spectrum tailoring of the neutron energy spectrum in the context of delayed neutron detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the purpose of measuring plutonium mass in spent fuel, a delayed neutron instrument is of particular interest since, if properly designed, the delayed neutron signal from {sup 235}U is significantly stronger than the signature from {sup 239}Pu or {sup 241}Pu. A key factor in properly designing a delayed neutron instrument is to minimize the fission of {sup 238}U. This minimization is achieved by keeping the interrogating neutron spectrum below {approx} 1 MeV. In the context of spent fuel measurements it is desirable to use a 14 MeV (deuterium and tritium) neutron generator for economic reasons. Spectrum tailoring is the term used to describe the inclusion of material between the 14 MeV neutrons and the interrogated object that lower the neutron energy through nuclear reactions and moderation. This report quantifies the utility of different material combination for spectrum tailoring.

Koehler, William E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Steve J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Nathan P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Mike L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

An integrated approach to engineer and enforce context constraints in RBAC environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach that uses special purpose role-based access control (RBAC) constraints to base certain access control decisions on context information. In our approach a context constraint is defined as a dynamic RBAC constraint that checks ... Keywords: Context-dependent access control, constraints engineering, context constraints, role-based access control

Mark Strembeck; Gustaf Neumann

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Visualization and interaction of pervasive services using context-aware augmented reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pervasive, context-aware computing is a vision of our future computing lifestyle in which computer systems seamlessly integrate into our everyday lives, providing services and information in anywhere and anytime fashion. Augmented reality (AR) can naturally ... Keywords: Augmented reality, Context adaptation, Context visualization, Context-awareness, Ontology, Pervasive computing, Ubiquitous computing

Jae Yeol Lee; Dong Woo Seo; Guewon Rhee

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Telescoping in the context of symbolic summation in Maple - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 27, 2004 ... Symbolic summation is a vast research area in computer algebra. ...... hypergeometric terms, and 51 others used for accurate summation.

243

Context-based metrics for evaluating changes to web pages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The web provides a lot of fluid information but this information changes, moves, and even disappears over time. Bookmark lists, portals, and paths are collections where the building blocks are web pages, which are susceptible to these changes. A lot of research, both in industry and in academia, focuses on organizing this vast amount of data. In this thesis, I present context-based algorithms for measuring changes to a document. The methods proposed use other documents in a collection as the context for evaluating changes in the web pages. These metrics will be used in maintaining paths as the individual pages in paths change. This approach will enhance the evaluations of change made by the currently existing Path Manager, in the Walden's Paths project that is being developed in the Center for the Study of Digital Libraries at Texas A&M University.

Dash, Suvendu Kumar

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Environmental indicators of biofuel sustainability: What about context?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Indicators of the environmental sustainability of biofuel production, distribution, and use should be selected, measured, and interpreted with respect to the context in which they are used. These indicators include measures of soil quality, water quality and quantity, greenhouse-gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and vegetation productivity. Contextual considerations include the purpose for the sustainability analysis, the particular biofuel production and distribution system (including supply chain, management aspects, and system viability), policy conditions, stakeholder values, location, temporal influences, spatial scale, baselines, and reference scenarios. Recommendations presented in this paper include formulating the problem for particular analyses, selecting appropriate context-specific indicators of environmental sustainability, and developing indicators that can reflect multiple environmental properties at low cost within a defined context. In addition, contextual considerations such as technical objectives, varying values and perspectives of stakeholder groups, and availability and reliability of data need to be understood and considered. Sustainability indicators for biofuels are most useful if adequate historical data are available, information can be collected at appropriate spatial and temporal scales, organizations are committed to use indicator information in the decision-making process, and indicators can effectively guide behavior toward more sustainable practices.

Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Bielicki, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Smith, Raymond [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Colour Recognition In Outdoor Images Through Context-Based Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the variation of the color of objects with respect to existing models of daylight and surface reflectance, and develops context-based models of daylight (based on the CIE model [18]) and hybrid surface reflectance (based on existing hybrid surface reflectance models [21, 25, 32, 35]) called the Normalized Photometric Function. Thereafter, given the time-of-day (which, along with location, is used to calculate the sun-angle [23]), approximate cloud cover and sun-visibility, the color of the incident daylight is predicted, and combined with the reflectance model of the target object to predict the apparent color of the object; image pixels are then classified based on the predicted color. Section 2 describes the causes for the variation in apparent color; section 3 gives a brief literature review; section 4 describes the CIE daylight model and the context-based daylight model developed in this study; section 5 analyzes surface reflectance with respect to existing models and then develops the Normalized Photometric Function (NPF) model; section 6 combines the daylight and NPF models for context-based color prediction; finally, section 7 summarizes the conclusions of the study. 2 Causes for color shift in outdoor scenes

Shashi Buluswar; Red Green; Red Green

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Gasoline price spikes and regional gasoline context regulations : a structural approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, gasoline prices in California, Illinois and Wisconsin have spiked occasionally well above gasoline prices in nearby states. In May and June 2000, for example, gasoline prices in Chicago rose twenty eight cents ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Structure, function and context : the impact of morphometry and ecology on olfactory sensitivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the relationships of olfactory sensitivity to three biological variables were tested. The sensitivity of a marine mammal, the sea otter (Enhydra lutris) was measured in order to determine whether a marine ...

Hammock, Jennifer, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Structure, Function and Context: the Impact of Morphometry and Ecology on Olfactory Sensitivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

iGo Power Smart Towers Reduces "vampire" energy use Multi-function Devices 100 Watts (continuousNREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. The Road to Net Zero Bill Glover

249

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0202(98/3Q) Distribution Category UC-950 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 1998 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use

250

More on the term Fission?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

information, and he certainly did. His insight into the origin of the term "fission" expanded greatly on the mere mention I had made of it in the Y-12 history column he...

251

Interpretations of the JEBAR Term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In diagnostic calculations of the ocean's circulation, the so-called JEBAR (joint effect of baroclinicity and relief) term may induce a significant depth-average current field, as has been noted in the oceanographic literature. Here we present ...

Gordon Mertz; Daniel G. Wright

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Long-Term Surveillance Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NRC in the referenced letter have been addressed and are reflected in this submittal. This Long Term Surveillance Plan (LTSP) is intended to satisfy the requirements set forth in 10 CFR 40.28 whereby the long-term custodian must provide an LTSP to the NRC as a step in the licensing/license termination process. Please call me at (970) 248-6037 if you have questions. Sincerely, Enclosures cc w/enclosure:

Mail Stop Ta; M. Plessinger Mactec-ers

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

RHIC Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011 Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011 For the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider At Brookhaven National Laboratory Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory With the RHIC Scientific Community For the U.S. Department of Energy February 14, 2006 1 Table of Contents 1. Introduction............................................................... 3 1.1 BNL's vision for RHIC 1.2 Mid-Term strategy - motivation and overview 2. The science case for the future ....................................... 9 2.1 Discoveries in the first five years 2.2 Implications for the future program at RHIC 2.3 Exploring QCD matter 2.4 Gluon saturation 2.5 The spin structure of the nucleon 2.6 Physics goals for the mid-term 3. The mid-term run plan: 2006 - 2011................................ 24

254

data structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of data structure, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. data structure. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

255

The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a wind energy converter translates and operation of the wind energy converters make it beneficial to know the structural condition

Stanford University

256

EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Terms Key Terms to someone by E-mail Share EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on Facebook Tweet about EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on Twitter Bookmark EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on Google Bookmark EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on Delicious Rank EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on Digg Find More places to share EPAct Transportation Regulatory Activities: Key Terms on AddThis.com... Home About Covered Fleets Compliance Methods Alternative Fuel Petitions Resources Guidance Documents Statutes & Regulations Program Annual Reports Fact Sheets Newsletter Case Studies Workshops Tools Key Terms FAQs Key Terms The Energy Policy Act (EPAct) includes specific terminology related to

257

Long Term World Oil Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: The following pages summarize a recent EIA presentation on estimates of the world conventional oil resource base and the year when production from it will peak and then begin to decline. A version of this presentation was given by former EIA Administrator Jay Hakes to the April 18, 2000 meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in New Orleans, Louisiana. Specific information about this presentation may be obtained from John Wood (john.wood@eia.doe.gov), Gary Long (gary.long@eia.doe.gov) or David Morehouse (david.morehouse@eia.doe.gov). Long Term World Oil Supply http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld001.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:23 PM] Slide 2 of 20 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld002.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:24 PM]

258

A description of the target wave-function encoded in the source terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the gauge invariant source terms in the formalism of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) should properly describe the target wave-function if the microscopic structure is concerned in the regime where the parton distribution is not quite dense. The quantum property of color charge density is incorporated in the quantum weight function defined with the source terms. We sketch that the logarithmic source terms encompass a meaningful picture of the microscopic structure of the target wave-function.

Kenji Fukushima

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

259

Analysis of blast mitigation strategies exploiting fluid-structure interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blast attacks have become the most pervasive threat in both civil and military contexts. However, there is currently a limited understanding of the mechanisms of loading, damage and failure of structures, and injury to ...

Kambouchev, Nayden Dimitrov, 1980-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Long-Term Stewardship Baseline Report and Transition Guidance  

SciTech Connect

Long-term stewardship consists of those actions necessary to maintain and demonstrate continued protection of human health and the environment after facility cleanup is complete. As the Department of Energy’s (DOE) lead laboratory for environmental management programs, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) administers DOE’s long-term stewardship science and technology efforts. The INEEL provides DOE with technical, and scientific expertise needed to oversee its long-term environmental management obligations complexwide. Long-term stewardship is administered and overseen by the Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology. The INEEL Long-Term Stewardship Program is currently developing the management structures and plans to complete INEEL-specific, long-term stewardship obligations. This guidance document (1) assists in ensuring that the program leads transition planning for the INEEL with respect to facility and site areas and (2) describes the classes and types of criteria and data required to initiate transition for areas and sites where the facility mission has ended and cleanup is complete. Additionally, this document summarizes current information on INEEL facilities, structures, and release sites likely to enter long-term stewardship at the completion of DOE’s cleanup mission. This document is not intended to function as a discrete checklist or local procedure to determine readiness to transition. It is an overarching document meant as guidance in implementing specific transition procedures. Several documents formed the foundation upon which this guidance was developed. Principal among these documents was the Long-Term Stewardship Draft Technical Baseline; A Report to Congress on Long-Term Stewardship, Volumes I and II; Infrastructure Long-Range Plan; Comprehensive Facility Land Use Plan; INEEL End-State Plan; and INEEL Institutional Plan.

Kristofferson, Keith

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Toward the Determination of R^3F^2 Terms in M-theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher derivative terms in M-theory are investigated by applying the Noether method. Cancellation of variations under the local supersymmetry is examined to the order linear in F by a computer program. Structure of R^4 terms is uniquely determined and exactly matches with one-loop effective terms in type IIA superstring theory. A part of R^3F^2 terms is also determined.

Yoshifumi Hyakutake

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

262

Near-term electric-vehicle program. Phase II. Mid-term review summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The general objective of the Near-Term Electric Vehicle Program is to confirm that, in fact, the complete spectrum of requirements placed on the automobile (e.g., safety, producibility, utility, etc.) can still be satisfied if electric power train concepts are incorporated in lieu of contemporary power train concepts, and that the resultant set of vehicle characteristics are mutually compatible, technologically achievable, and economically achievable. The focus of the approach to meeting this general objective involves the design, development, and fabrication of complete electric vehicles incorporating, where necessary, extensive technological advancements. A mid-term summary is presented of Phase II which is a continuation of the preliminary design study conducted in Phase I of the program. Information is included on vehicle performance and performance simulation models; battery subsystems; control equipment; power systems; vehicle design and components for suspension, steering, and braking; scale model testing; structural analysis; and vehicle dynamics analysis. (LCL)

Not Available

1978-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

Context-aware middleware for pervasive and ad hoc environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Recent advances in the area of mobile computing and pervasive computing have driven the emergence of new challenges. For example, the “Intelligent Environment ” or “Smart Environment ” has become one of the key research areas in the pervasive computing arena. These scenarios typically consist of intelligent rooms capable of gathering raw sensory data from embedded “invisible ” sensors, then processing and analysing them to deduce highlevel context and infer personal preferences (for room temperature, light intensity, type and level of music, etc.) Mobile and ad hoc scenarios also include time-critical applications such as an automatic car control systems in which cars are able to operate independently and cooperate with each other to avoid collisions. Another example is an air traffic control system whereby thousands of aircraft are proactively coordinated to keep them at safe distances from each other. In this paper, we present a context-aware middleware architecture for the support of both pervasive and ad hoc environments. The approach makes use of both reflection and component technology. A prototype of the middleware has been implemented in OpenCOM, which is a lightweight, efficient and reflective component model based on Microsoft’s COM. 1.

Hector A. Duran-limon; Gordon S. Blair; Adrian Friday; Paul Grace; George Samartzidis; Thirunavukkarasu Sivaharan; Maomao Wu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Power is information: South Africa's promotion of access to information act in context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information professionals in some developing countries are likely to view ‘context' differently from those in developed countries. ‘Context' becomes even more problematic when the searchers for information are ordinary citizens and ...

Archie L. Dick

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Research and implementation of the context-aware middleware for controlling home appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart homes integrated with sensors, actuators, wireless networks and context-aware middleware soon becomes part of our daily life. This paper describes a context-aware middleware providing an automatic home service based on a user's preference inside ...

Jonghwa Choi; Dongkyoo Shin; Dongil Shin

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Modeling reducibility on ground terms using constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling reducibility on ground terms using constraints Isabelle GNAEDIGa , H´el`ene KIRCHNERb a on ground terms using (dis)equational constraints. We show in particular that innermost (ir)reducibility can on the ground term algebra that any rewriting chain starting from any term termi- nates, provided that terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results show that asymptotically, almost all terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

268

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically almost all -terms are strongly normalizing Ren´e David, Christophe Raffalli) properties of random -terms. Our main results are that asymptotically all the terms are strongly normalizing and that any fixed closed term almost never appears in a random term. Surprisingly, in combinatory logic (the

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

269

A Context Model and Reasoning System to improve object trackingin complex scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tracking algorithms in computer vision usually fail when dealing with complex scenarios. This paper presents an extension of a general tracking system that uses context knowledge to solve tracking issues. The context layer represents knowledge about ... Keywords: Context based reasoning, Knowledge modeling, Video processing, Visual tracking

A. M. Sánchez; M. A. Patricio; J. García; J. M. Molina

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Context-based design of mobile applications for museums: a survey of existing practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper includes a review of mobile applications used in museum environments, focusing on the notion of context and its constituent dimensions. Museums are a representative example in which the context influences interaction. During a museum visit, ... Keywords: context, cultural information, interaction design, mobile devices, museums

Dimitrios Raptis; Nikolaos Tselios; Nikolaos Avouris

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Towards a distributed architecture for context-aware mobile applications in UbiComp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The applications in Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp) environments must be aware of their contexts of interest and adapt to changes in them. Thus, a major research challenge in the area of UbiComp is related to context awareness. Considering the high distribution, ... Keywords: context awareness, distributed architecture, ubiquitous computing

João Lopes, Marcia Gusmao, Rodrigo Souza, Patricia Davet, Alexandre Souza, Cristiano Costa, Jorge Barbosa, Ana Pernas, Adenauer Yamin, Claudio Geyer

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

GLOSSARY OF WATER RESOURCES TERMS Compiled by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;GLOSSARY OF WATER RESOURCES TERMS Compiled by WRRC Staff D.C. Water Resources Research Center.........................................................................................................................03 Part I Glossary of Terms;PREFACE The glossary of water research terms was compiled from a variety of other glossaries, dictionaries

District of Columbia, University of the

273

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms Page 1 of 4 Glossary of Health Coverage and Medical Terms * This glossary has many commonly used terms, but isn't a full list. These...

274

One: The California Long-Term Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CALIFORNIA LONG-TERM OUTLOOK Tom K. Lieser, ExecutiveThe California Long-Term Outlook: Projections to 2020," TheThe California Long-Term Outlook: Projections to 2020," The

Lieser, Tom K

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Long-Term Surveillance Plan...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AL/62350-235 AL/62350-235 REV. 1 LONG-TERM SURVEILLANCE PLAN FOR THE ESTES GULCH DISPOSAL SITE NEAR RIFLE, COLORADO November 1997 DOE and DOE contractors can obtain copies of this report from: Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (615) 576-8401 This report is publicly available from: National Technical Information Service Department of Commerce 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 487-4650 Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the Estes Gulch Disposal Site Near Rifle... http://lts1.lm.doe.gov/documents/rfl/ltsp.html 1 of 25 5/20/2009 1:38 PM Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Environmental Restoration Division UMTRA Project Team Albuquerque, New Mexico Prepared by Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. Albuquerque, New Mexico

276

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. Crude oil prices fell sharply at the onset of war in Iraq, but the initial declines probably overshot levels that we consider to be generally consistent with fundamental factors in the world oil market. Thus, while near-term price averages are likely to be below our previous projections, the baseline outlook for crude oil prices (while generally lower) is not drastically different and includes an average for spot West Texas Intermediate (WTI) that is close to $30 per barrel in 2003 (Figure 1). The mix of uncertainties related to key oil production areas has changed since last month, as Venezuelan production has accelerated beyond previous estimates while Nigerian output has been reduced due to internal conflict.

277

Nonlinear Wave-Activity Conservation Laws and Hamiltonian Structure for the Two-Dimensional Anelastic Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exact, finite-amplitude, local wave-activity conservation laws are derived for disturbances to steady flows in the context of the two-dimensional anelastic equations. The conservation laws are expressed entirely in terms of Eulerian quantities, ...

J. F. Scinocca; T. G. Shepherd

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Glossary of Terms | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary of Terms Term Definition API (source: howto.govapi) An Application Programming Interface, or API, is a set of software instructions and standards that allows machine to...

279

EMSL: User Access: Terms and Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Terms and Conditions The following terms and conditions apply for using EMSL resources. Additional Information User Portal 2014 Call for Proposals 2014 Proposal Guidance 2014...

280

Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principles and Terms Lighting Principles and Terms July 29, 2012 - 5:20pm Addthis Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. |...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SOURCE TERMS IN THE TRANSIENT SEEPAGE EQUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equation; Pore Pressure Generation; Sources; Source Terms)In this paper, sources involving the generation of mass areincludes source terms for both fluid mass generation and

Narasimhan, T.N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

INTRODUCTION Information retrieval is a wide, often loosely-defined term but in these pages I shall be concerned only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One INTRODUCTION Information retrieval is a wide, often loosely-defined term but in these pages I shall be concerned only with automatic information retrieval systems. Automatic as opposed to manual. In the context of information retrieval (IR), information, in the technical meaning given in Shannon's theory

Jose, Joemon M.

283

Importance of context in adoption and progress in application of strategic environmental assessment: Experience of Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Following the example of other developed countries, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) tool is now being introduced in developing countries, with the expectations, among others, that it will influence decision-making process in planning, and also usher in the participatory and collaborative planning towards a more sustainable track in development. This article examines Thailand's own recent introduction of SEA. The authors underscore the particularity of the Thai planning context as well as the broader governance structure and processes in the country as the critical factor influencing the extent, substance and form of adoption of SEA. Top-down tradition of planning and serious limitation of public participation opportunity structures and institutional culture have minimized the tool's positive impact and influence in development planning. Thailand's experience in SEA introduction thus reaffirms the important lesson from a number of other developing countries: that legal framework for SEA is necessary and critical especially in its initial adoption; and, that public participation needs to be supported too and institutionalized for the tool to fulfill its promise of improving environmental governance and optimizing potentials of development projects vis-a-vis various social and environmental concerns.

Wirutskulshai, Uma, E-mail: st104686@ait.ac.th; Sajor, Edsel, E-mail: esajor@ait.ac.th; Coowanitwong, Nowarat

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fano type quantum inequalities in terms of $q$-entropies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizations of the quantum Fano inequality are considered. The notion of $q$-entropy exchange is introduced. This quantity is concave in each of its two arguments. For $q\\geq0$, the inequality of Fano type with $q$-entropic functionals is established. The notion of coherent information and the perfect reversibility of a quantum operation are discussed in the context of $q$-entropies. By the monotonicity property, the lower bound of Pinsker type in terms of the trace norm distance is obtained for the Tsallis relative $q$-entropy of order $q=1/2$. For $0\\leq{q}\\leq2$, Fano type quantum inequalities with freely variable parameters are obtained.

Alexey E. Rastegin

2010-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

285

Pennsylvania Source Term Tracking System  

SciTech Connect

The Pennsylvania Source Term Tracking System tabulates surveys received from radioactive waste generators in the Commonwealth of radioactive waste is collected each quarter from generators using the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Quarterly Report Form (hereafter called the survey) and then entered into the tracking system data base. This personal computer-based tracking system can generate 12 types of tracking reports. The first four sections of this reference manual supply complete instructions for installing and setting up the tracking system on a PC. Section 5 presents instructions for entering quarterly survey data, and Section 6 discusses generating reports. The appendix includes samples of each report.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

On counting untyped lambda terms Pierre Lescanne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On counting untyped lambda terms Pierre Lescanne University of Lyon, ENS de Lyon, 46 all´ee d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, France Abstract We present several results on counting untyped lambda terms, i.e., on telling how many terms belong to such or such class, according to the size of the terms and

287

Attachment 14 Special Terms and Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attachment 14 Exhibit D Special Terms and Conditions Exhbit D PON-12-605 Special Terms. By accepting this grant, Recipient as a material term of this agreement shall be fully responsible wage. Therefore, as a material term of this grant, Recipient must either: (a) Proceed on the assumption

288

Outlook positive over long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trends established in 1987 will be very important in reestablishing some level of confidence in future price expectations. The authors expect prices to fluctuate widely in the coming year as OPEC makes and breaks various production quota agreements. Continued price instability will certainly all but negate short term marginally economic exploration and development prospects. Utilization rates will suffer accordingly. But on the positive side, the long term outlook is considerably more stable. Rock-bottom prices will increase the demand for cheap oil substantially. We're already seeing world demand figures rise. Increased demand will cause the world's (mainly OPEC's) excess production to be depleted over the next three to five years. Prices will rise slowly in parallel with the decline in excess production capacity over several years. Banking on upward price pressure, financially sound operators with solid cash flow will want to take advantage of low exploration and development costs. Utilization, then, can be expected to follow oil prices in a slow upward spiral over the next three to five years. Next year, the industry should begin to feel the effect of the beginning of that upward trend.

Not Available

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The nature and purpose of relative terms in Plato  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge for financial support during my stay and , of the ENS, and Dmitri El–Murr, of L'Université Paris I: Panthéon–Sorbonne, for their personal hospitality. I must also thank Philip Pattenden, Ted Buttrey, Nick... ’ questions. These are not about the linguistic–level features of relative terms and the statements that contain them, but rather about the structures in the world that make such statements true or not. For example, are relative terms dyadic? ‘Dyadic’ means...

Duncombe, Matthew

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

290

Long-Term Surveillance Plan  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~- ~- 1 .. I I . I I I ' I I I I I t I ' 1 .. ~ * -. . * * , . -. * . - l' ** ... * . DOE/Al/62350-60F ~--- - · ---,~REV. 1 CONTROLLED COPY NO. United States Department of Energy LONG-TERM SURVEILLANCE PLAN fOR THE SHIPROCK DISPOSAL SITE; SHIPROCK, NEW MEXICO September 1994 Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project INTENDED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE This report has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available in paper copy and microfiche. Number of pages in this report: 1 1 3 DOE and DOE contractors can obtain copies of this report from: Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (615) 576-8401 This report is publicly available from: National Technical Information Service Department of Commerce

291

Beta optimization in the context of reactor relevant tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

In a reactor relevant tokamak the appropriate definition of {beta}, the ratio of the particle and magnetic field pressures, is {beta}* {equivalent to} (2 < p{sup 2} >{sup {1/2}} /B{sup 2}), which exceeds the conventional definition by a factor dependent on the pressure peaking factor, PPF. A simple scaling is obtained which relates the two definitions, {beta}*/{beta}{approx equal}0.9 {plus} 0.15 PPF. Stability properties are determined in terms of {beta}* in a circular and dee-shaped tokamak. 4 refs., 6 figs.

Manickam, J.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

On Measuring the Terms of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget from an AUV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The terms of the steady-state, homogeneous turbulent kinetic energy budgets are obtained from measurements of turbulence and fine structure from the small autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) Remote Environmental Measuring Units (REMUS). The ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine; Rolf G. Lueck

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Crystallographic Terms and Basic Concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3 Crystal structures and lattice parameters of allotropes of the metallic elements.... . . . . . . . . alpha 'Cr 25 HP tI 2 I 4/ mmm alpha 'Cr 0.2882 . . . 0.2887 1.002 alpha Cs 25 atm cI 2 Im [MathExpression] m W 0.6141 . . . . . . . . . beta Cs 25 >2.37 cF 4 Fm [MathExpression] m Cu 0.6465 . . . . . . . . . beta 'Cs 25 >4.22 cF 4 Fm [MathExpression] m Cu 0.5800 . . . . ....

294

Automatic Acquisition of a Thesaurus of Interoperability Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Enterprise Interoperability is the ability of different organizations to work together and exchange documents, data, services, best practices, etc. A preliminary step towards achieving this goal is the assessment of a common vocabulary of relevant domain concepts, a sort of initial, semi-formal, representation of shared domain knowledge. In this paper we describe an experiment, conducted within the INTEROP Network of Excellence (NoE), aimed at automatically extracting a thesaurus of interoperability terms from the web and a corpus of available documents. Statistical and text mining techniques have been used to extract a glossary of relevant terms and term definitions, as well as a preliminary taxonomic structure of the glossary. The result has been evaluated by a team of partners belonging to the NoE. Copyright © 2005 IFAC

Roberto Navigli; Paola Velardi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Model documentation report: Short-Term Hydroelectric Generation Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Short- Term Hydroelectric Generation Model (STHGM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on the model structure. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with the Energy Information Administration`s (AYE) legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). The STHGM performs a short-term (18 to 27- month) forecast of hydroelectric generation in the United States using an autoregressive integrated moving average (UREMIA) time series model with precipitation as an explanatory variable. The model results are used as input for the short-term Energy Outlook.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Structure Breakdown Workshop Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Breakdown Breakdown Workshop SLAC, Orange Room August 28 - 30 , 2000 Announcement Workshop Poster Workshop Goals: The Goal of the workshop is to review understanding of warm structure breakdown phenomena, to define common terms for comparing tests and to identify avenues for further study. For a partial bibliography, please view the following URL : http://www-project.slac.stanford.edu/lc/wkshp/RFBreakdwn/references/publist.htm Schedule and Presentations: Monday, August 28 8:30 - Operation Experience and Definition of Problem Moderator - G. Loew (initial questions) Opening remarks and introduction (C. Adolphsen) (15min) CERN Structure Operation Results (W. Wuensch) (30 min) NLCTA Structure Operation Results (C. Adolphsen) (30 min) ASTA Structure Operation Results (R. Loewen) (20 min)

297

Global-Aware and Multi-Order Context-Based Prefetching for High-Performance Processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data prefetching is widely used in high-end computing systems to accelerate data accesses and to bridge the increasing performance gap between processor and memory. Context-based prefetching has become a primary focus of study in recent years due to its general applicability. However, current context-based prefetchers only adopt the context analysis of a single order, which suffers from low prefetching coverage and thus limits the overall prefetching effectiveness. Also, existing approaches usually consider the context of the address stream from a single instruction but not the context of the address stream from all instructions, which further limits the context-based prefetching effectiveness. In this study, we propose a new context-based prefetcher called the Global-aware and Multi-order Context-based (GMC) prefetcher. The GMC prefetcher uses multi-order, local and global context analysis to increase prefetching coverage while maintaining prefetching accuracy. In extensive simulation testing of the SPEC-CPU2006 benchmarks with an enhanced CMP$im simulator, the proposed GMC prefetcher was shown to outperform existing prefetchers and to reduce the data-access latency effectively. The average Instructions Per Cycle (IPC) improvement of SPEC CINT2006 and CFP2006 benchmarks with GMC prefetching was over 55% and 44% respectively.

Chen, Yong [ORNL; Zhu, Huaiyu [Illinois Institute of Technology; Roth, Philip C [ORNL; Jin, Hui [Illinois Institute of Technology; Sun, Xian-He [Illinois Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Information Integration for Counter Terrorism Activities: The Requirement for Context Mediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Research Council has noted that although there are many private and public databases that contain information potentially relevant to counterterrorism programs, they lack the necessary context ...

Choucri, Nazli

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

User terms & conditions v1.2-27 April 2004.doc USER TERMS AND CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User terms & conditions v1.2- 27 April 2004.doc 1 USER TERMS AND CONDITIONS The following Terms and Conditions will apply to Your use of the Website and the Service:- 1. Definitions In these Terms the detailed information and conditions relating to a Lot, including the relevant online purchase terms

300

Jonsson Terms Imply Cyclic Terms For Finite Libor Barto, Marcin Kozik, Todd Niven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J´onsson Terms Imply Cyclic Terms For Finite Algebras Libor Barto, Marcin Kozik, Todd Niven Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic J´onsson implies cyclic #12;Cyclic terms DEFINITION n-ary cyclic term = term t(x1, . . . , xn) satisfying t is idempotent . . . t(x, x, . . . , x) x t(x1, x2, . . . , xn

Barto, Libor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Crystallographic Study of the Role of Sequence Context in Thymine Glycol Bypass by a Replicative DNA Polymerase Serendipitously Sheds Light on the Exonuclease Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thymine glycol (Tg) is the most common oxidation product of thymine and is known to be a strong block to replicative DNA polymerases. A previously solved structure of the bacteriophage RB69 DNA polymerase (RB69 gp43) in complex with Tg in the sequence context 5'-G-Tg-G shed light on how Tg blocks primer elongation: The protruding methyl group of the oxidized thymine displaces the adjacent 5'-G, which can no longer serve as a template for primer elongation [Aller, P., Rould, M. A., Hogg, M, Wallace, S. S. and Doublie S. (2007). A structural rationale for stalling of a replicative DNA polymerase at the most common oxidative thymine lesion, thymine glycol. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104, 814-818.]. Several studies showed that in the sequence context 5'-C-Tg-purine, Tg is more likely to be bypassed by Klenow fragment, an A-family DNA polymerase. We set out to investigate the role of sequence context in Tg bypass in a B-family polymerase and to solve the crystal structures of the bacteriophage RB69 DNA polymerase in complex with Tg-containing DNA in the three remaining sequence contexts: 5'-A-Tg-G, 5'-T-Tg-G, and 5'-C-Tg-G. A combination of several factors - including the associated exonuclease activity, the nature of the 3' and 5' bases surrounding Tg, and the cis-trans interconversion of Tg - influences Tg bypass. We also visualized for the first time the structure of a well-ordered exonuclease complex, allowing us to identify and confirm the role of key residues (Phe123, Met256, and Tyr257) in strand separation and in the stabilization of the primer strand in the exonuclease site.

Aller, Pierre; Duclos, Stéphanie; Wallace, Susan S.; Doublié, Sylvie (Vermont)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

302

Short-term hydroelectric generation model. Model documentation report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Short-Term Hydroelectric Generation Model (STHGM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on the model structure. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with the EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Perceptual learning of context-sensitive phonetic detail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

position in the prosodic structure. The acoustic signal is also influenced by the physical characteristics of the speaker, such as their vocal tract shape, vocal fold properties and lung capacity, which may change with age and state of health. Background... in phonemic errors. The authors suggest that ‘the cognitive-perceptual source of benefit may not lie in the mapping of suprasegmental patterning’ (p. 3028). However, there are many other indexes of suprasegmental learning than word boundary errors, so...

Barden, Katharine

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

304

Improving term extraction with terminological resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of different term extractors on a corpus of the biomedical domain revealed decreasing performances when applied to highly technical texts. Facing the difficulty or impossibility to customize existing tools, we developed a tunable term extractor. ...

Sophie Aubin; Thierry Hamon

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

On Superspace Chern-Simons-like Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We search for superspace Chern-Simons-like higher-derivative terms in the low energy effective actions of supersymmetric theories in four dimensions. Superspace Chern-Simons-like terms are those gauge-invariant terms which cannot be written solely in terms of field strength superfields and covariant derivatives, but in which a gauge potential superfield appears explicitly. We find one class of such four-derivative terms with N=2 supersymmetry which, though locally on the Coulomb branch can be written solely in terms of field strengths, globally cannot be. These terms are classified by certain Dolbeault cohomology classes on the moduli space. We include a discussion of other examples of terms in the effective action involving global obstructions on the Coulomb branch.

Philip C. Argyres; Adel M. Awad; Gregory A. Braun; F. Paul Esposito

2004-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summary Notes from 22 July 2008 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Long-Term Engineered Cap Performance

307

Glossary of terms related to load management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of the Glossary of Terms related to Load Management has been prepared by the Terminology Task Force of the Load Management Subcommittee. The glossary contains many definitions of terms used by the electric utility industry concerning the subject of Load Management. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and cross-referenced where necessary.

Gellings, C.W.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

On counting untyped lambda terms Pierre Lescanne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On counting untyped lambda terms Pierre Lescanne University of Lyon, ENS de Lyon, 46 all´ee d counting -terms has been proposed yet, and the combinatorics of -calculus is considered a hard problem. The difficulty lies in the fact that the recursive expression of the numbers of terms of size n with at most m

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

309

eoretical Terms without Analytic Truths Michael Strevens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eoretical Terms without Analytic Truths Michael Strevens To appear in Philosophical Studies A When new theoretical terms are introduced into scienti c discourse, pre- vailing accounts imply, analytic a new account of the intro- duction of theoretical terms that avoids both de nition and reference- xing

Strevens, Michael

310

TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE NO. 1. Grant Agreement .......................................................................... 19 i #12;EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS ii 21. Confidentiality..................................................................................................................... 33 #12;EXHIBT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. Grant Agreement This project is being funded with a grant

311

Unification of Concept Terms --Extended Abstract --  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unification of Concept Terms -- Extended Abstract -- Franz Baader \\Lambda LuFg Theoretical Computer of the domain can be described by concept terms, i.e., expressions that are built from atomic concepts (unary. The atomic concepts and concept terms represent sets of individuals, whereas roles represent binary relations

Baader, Franz

312

Use of elliptic curves in term discrimination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of discriminant terms allow us to improve the performance of natural language processing systems. The goal is to be able to find the possible term contribution in a given corpus and, thereafter, to use the terms of high contribution for representing ...

Darnes Vilariño; David Pinto; Carlos Balderas; Mireya Tovar; Beatriz Beltrán; Sofia Paniagua

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition Terms and Conditions for Site Transition More Documents &...

314

California’s Economic Outlook: Short-term Recovery But Longer-term Uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Long-Term Demographic Outlook for California and LosCALIFORNIA’S ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: SHORT-TERM RECOVERY BUTCalifornia’s short-term outlook remains one of expansion,

Hurd, Joseph; Mitchell, Daniel J.B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Long-Term Operations Program: Assessment of Research and Development Supporting Aging Management Programs for Long-Term Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presently, U.S. nuclear utilities and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are discussing a second round of plant license renewals, termed subsequent license renewal (SLR). For the U.S. plants this could mean extending a plant’s operating license from 60 years to 80. To achieve safe and reliable operation for such an extended period will require a comprehensive technical understanding of aging degradation effects on nuclear plant systems, structures, and components (SSCs). EPRI ...

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

316

Advanced shape context for plant species identification using leaf image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel method for leaf species identification combining local and shape-based features. Our approach extends the shape context model in two ways. First of all, two different sets of points are distinguished when computing the shape ... Keywords: image retrieval, plant species identification, shape context

Sofiene Mouine; Itheri Yahiaoui; Anne Verroust-Blondet

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Wearable EOG goggles: Seamless sensing and context-awareness in everyday environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we introduce the analysis of eye motion as a new input modality for activity recognition, context-awareness and mobile HCI applications. We describe a novel embedded eye tracker that, in contrast to common systems using video cameras, ... Keywords: Wearable eye tracking, activity recognition, context-awareness, electrooculography (EOG), human-computer interaction (HCI)

Andreas Bulling; Daniel Roggen; Gerhard Tröster

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

An efficient online parser for contextual grammars with at most context-free selectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here we explore an efficient parser for a variant of contextual grammars (CGs) which is available via the internet. Contextual Grammar with context-free selectors allows for a simple representation of many non-context-free phenomena such as the copy ...

Karin Harbusch

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A Scalable and Energy-Efficient Context Monitoring Framework for Mobile Personal Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key feature of many emerging pervasive computing applications is to proactively provide services to mobile individuals. One major challenge in providing users with proactive services lies in continuously monitoring users' context based on numerous ... Keywords: Context monitoring, shared and incremental processing, sensor control, energy efficiency, personal computing, portable devices, ubiquitous computing, wireless sensor network, pervasive computing.

Seungwoo Kang; Jinwon Lee; Hyukjae Jang; Youngki Lee; Souneil Park; Junehwa Song

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Power and accuracy trade-offs in sound-based context recognition systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical design methodology to optimize a context recognition system with respect to a trade-off between power consumption and recognition performance rather than straightforward maximization of the recognition rate. As illustration, ... Keywords: Activity detection, Context recognition, Power awareness, Sound analysis, Wearable computing

Mathias Stäger; Paul Lukowicz; Gerhard Tröster

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hapori: context-based local search for mobile phones using community behavioral modeling and similarity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local search engines are very popular but limited. We present Hapori, a next-generation local search technology for mobile phones that not only takes into account location in the search query but richer context such as the time, weather and the ... Keywords: context-ware mobile search, local search, mobile phone sensing

Nicholas D. Lane; Dimitrios Lymberopoulos; Feng Zhao; Andrew T. Campbell

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Context and location aware public/personal information service based on RFID system integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a Context and Location Aware Public/Personal Information Service based on RFID System Integration (CLAPIS) that integrates the existed RFID systems is proposed. This system includes Embedded Service Middleware Platform, and End User RFID ... Keywords: RFID, context aware, information service, location aware, system integration

Ming-Shen Jian; Kuen Shiuh Yang; Chung-Lun Lee

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Using Description Logics for the Provision of Context-Driven Content Adaptation Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents our design and development of a description logics-based planner for providing contextdriven content adaptation services. This approach dynamically transforms requested Web content into a proper format conforming to receiving contexts ... Keywords: Content Adaptation, Context-Driven, Description Logics, Mobile Internet

Stephen J.H. Yang; Jia Zhang; Jeff J.S. Huang; Jeffrey J.P. Tsai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Hierarchical Spatio-Temporal Context Modeling for Action Recognition , Shuicheng Yan3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-temporal context model with the Space-Time Inter- est Point (STIP) proposed in [6] for recognizing human ac- tions performance comparison of our hierarchical spatial-temporal context model with the STIP features in [6+TPD, SIFT+TTD+TPD, STIP. jectory transition descriptor (TTD), and trajectory proxim- ity descriptor (TPD

Fah, Cheong Loong

325

A tangible programming tool for creation of context-aware applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

End-user programming tools, if properly designed, have the potential to empower end-users to create context-aware applications tailored to their own needs and lives, in order to help them break bad habits and change their behaviors. In this work, we ... Keywords: context-aware computing, end-user programming, mobile programming, tangible programming

Jisoo Lee, Luis Garduño, Erin Walker, Winslow Burleson

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

DeDe: design and evaluation of a context-enhanced mobile messaging system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design, implementation and validation of an enhanced mobile phone messaging system (DeDe), allowing the sender to define the context in which the message will be delivered to the recipient. A field trial among a socially tight ... Keywords: context, field trial, location-based messaging, mediated communication, mobile messaging

Younghee Jung; Per Persson; Jan Blom

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Combining global and local semantic contexts for improving biomedical information retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining global and local semantic contexts for improving biomedical information retrieval Duy,lechani}@irit.fr Abstract. In the context of biomedical information retrieval (IR), this paper explores the relationship, Concept Extraction, Document Expan- sion, Query Expansion, Biomedical Information Retrieval 1 Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Polynomial time learning of some multiple context-free languages with a minimally adequate teacher  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm for the inference of some Multiple Context-Free Grammars from Membership and Equivalence Queries, using the Minimally Adequate Teacher model of Angluin. This is an extension of the congruence based methods for learning some Context-Free ...

Ryo Yoshinaka; Alexander Clark

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

From Focus to Context and Back: Combining Mobile Projectors and Stationary Displays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1: Mobile projections add focus and context areas on a display. The projection automatically adjusts to the needed size and level of detail by the distance of the user to the display. In (a) the mobile projector provides context, while in (b) it provides focus. Focus plus context displays combine high-resolution detail and lower-resolution overview using displays of different pixel densities. Historically, they employed two fixed-size displays of different resolutions, one embedded within the other. In this paper, we explore focus plus context displays using one or more mobile projectors in combination with a stationary display. The portability of mobile projectors as applied to focus plus context displays contributes in three ways. First, the projector’s projection on the stationary display can transition dynamically from being the focus of one’s interest (i.e. providing a high resolution view when close to the display) to providing context around it (i.e. providing a low resolution view beyond the display’s borders when further away from it). Second, users can dynamically reposition and resize a focal area that matches their interest rather than repositioning all content into a fixed high-resolution area. Third, multiple users can manipulate multiple foci or context areas without interfering with one other. A proof-of-concept implementation illustrates these contributions. AUTHOR KEYWORDS Focus plus context, portable projectors, multiple users, multiple displays. Copyright is held by the author/owner(s).

Martin Weigel; Saul Greenberg; Anthony Tang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

On generic context lemmas for higher-order calculi with sharing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proves several generic variants of context lemmas and thus contributes to improving the tools for observational semantics of deterministic and non-deterministic higher-order calculi that use a small-step reduction semantics. The generic (sharing) ... Keywords: Context lemma, Functional programming languages, Lambda calculus, Observational semantics

Manfred Schmidt-Schau?; David Sabel

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Density Forecasting for Long-Term Peak Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-term electricity demand forecasting plays an important role in planning for future generation facilities and transmission augmentation. In a long-term context, planners must adopt a probabilistic view of potential peak demand levels. Therefore density forecasts (providing estimates of the full probability distributions of the possible future values of the demand) are more helpful than point forecasts, and are necessary for utilities to evaluate and hedge the financial risk accrued by demand variability and forecasting uncertainty. This paper proposes a new methodology to forecast the density of long-term peak electricity demand. Peak electricity demand in a given season is subject to a range of uncertainties, including underlying population growth, changing technology, economic conditions, prevailing weather conditions (and the timing of those conditions), as well as the general randomness inherent in individual usage. It is also subject to some known calendar effects due to the time of day, day of week, time of year, and public holidays. A comprehensive forecasting solution is described in this paper. First, semi-parametric additive models are used to estimate the relationships between demand and the driver variables, including temperatures, calendar effects and some demographic and economic variables. Then the demand distributions are forecasted by using a mixture of temperature simulation, assumed future economic scenarios, and residual bootstrapping. The temperature simulation is implemented through a new seasonal bootstrapping method with variable blocks. The proposed methodology has been used to forecast the probability distribution of annual and weekly peak electricity demand for South Australia since 2007. The performance of the methodology is evaluated by comparing the forecast results with the actual demand of the summer 2007–2008.

Rob J. Hyndman; Shu Fan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Visible structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All architecture is the interplay between structure, surface and ornament. Traditionally, ornament adorned structure thereby giving it its meaning. A society with its intellectual foundations resting in faith or the abstract ...

Conway, Helene Marie

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Long-term contracts and asset specificity revisited : an empirical analysis of producer-importer relations in the natural gas industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyze structural changes in long-term contracts in the international trade of natural gas. Using a unique data set of 262 long-term contracts between natural gas producers and importers, we estimate the ...

Neumann, Anne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Structural Collapse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... areas. The living room and bedroom areas of each structure were ignited simultaneously using electric matches. Peak ...

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Scalable Access within the Context of Digital Libraries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a summary of some of the work-in-progress within the Alexandria Digital Library Project. In particular, we present scalable methods of locating information at different levels within a distributed digital library environment. Starting at the high level, we show how queries can be routed to appropriate information sources. At a given source, efficient query processing is supported by using materialized views and multidimensional index structures. Finally, we propose solutions to the problem of storage and retrieval of large objects on secondary and tertiary storage. 1 Introduction Library services provide efficient access to information implicit in collections of information-bearing objects such as text documents and maps. Traditional libraries, based on information in non-digital form, are characterized by a limited set of services that provide relatively coarse-grained access to the information in controlled collections of items. Digital libraries, based on infor...

X. Cheng; R. Dolin; M. Neary; S. Prabhakar; K. V. Ravi; Kanth D. Wu; D. Agrawal; A. El; Abbadi M. Freeston; A. Singh; T. Smith; J. Su

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Proceedings of EACL '99 Finding content-bearing terms using term similarities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of EACL '99 Finding content-bearing terms using term similarities Justin Picard.picard@seco.unine.ch Abstract This paper explores the issue of using dif- ferent co-occurrence similarities between terms for separating query terms that are useful for retrieval from those that are harmful. The hypothesis under

337

NEW TERMS OF ACCOMMODATION: BENJAMIN ELMANS ON THEIR OWN TERMS AND EARLY MODERN GLOBAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEW TERMS OF ACCOMMODATION: BENJAMIN ELMANS ON THEIR OWN TERMS AND EARLY MODERN GLOBAL NETWORK-1850, the subtitle of Benjamin Elmans On Their Terms, hardly captures the depth of the historiographic revision role to science, that the very idea that Chinese developed science ,,on their own terms

Elman, Benjamin

338

Parallel Performance We multiplied random univariate polynomials with 8192 terms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel Performance We multiplied random univariate polynomials with 8192 terms. Typical problems run 5x faster with 4 cores on a Core i7 CPU. parallelspeedup threads 4 5 6 3 8192 x 8192 terms SPARSE DENSE 2 1 4321 = 33000 terms = 502000 terms = 1.63 M terms = 3.09 M terms = 6.01 M terms = 11.4 M terms

339

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? 5/17/99 Click here to start Table of Contents PPT Slide Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Demand U.S. Propane Demand Sectors (1996) PPT Slide 1998 Propane Prices Fell with Crude Oil PPT Slide Warm Weather Behind Demand Decline 1998 Warm Weather Kept Demand Down Supply Propane Production Fell in 1998 1998 Propane Net Imports Increased Algeria Was Major Source of ‘98 Import Increase U.S. Chemical Use & Large Storage Attracts Excess Propane Petroleum & Propane Market Over Supply Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane Futures Market Incentives to Build Petroleum Stocks New “Structure” or Cycle? Near-Term Future Large January Draw Did Not Remove Excess How Might Excess Stocks Decline? Near Term U.S. Propane Production

340

Property:Incentive/Terms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Terms Terms Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Terms Property Type Text Description Terms. Pages using the property "Incentive/Terms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program (Ohio) + RECs must be registered in the PJM-GATS Customer must have an interconnection agreement with AEP Ohio. APS - Solutions for Business Financing (Arizona) + 3.99% or higher (see website for details)Available for retrofit projects only through the comprehensive Solutions for Business program. Projects must qualify for a rebate under the Solutions for Business program. Work must be performed by Solutions for Business Trade Ally. Adams Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Loan Program (Pennsylvania) + Rate: 4.5%-5% Repayment Terms: up to 7 years

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

HTGR Mechanistic Source Terms White Paper  

SciTech Connect

The primary purposes of this white paper are: (1) to describe the proposed approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms for HTGR design and licensing, (2) to describe the technology development programs required to validate the design methods used to predict these mechanistic source terms and (3) to obtain agreement from the NRC that, subject to appropriate validation through the technology development program, the approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms is acceptable

Wayne Moe

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

User's Guide Short-Term Energy Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The personal computer version of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Short Term Energy Outlook, known simply as the Short-Term Energy Model, is a modeling system used to forecast future values for key energy variables. It replicates in a Windows environment most features of EIA's mainframe-based short-term modeling system, and adds capabilities that allow the user substitute assumptions to calculate alternative projections.

Information Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Houses in Heaven are made of steel : understanding change in Ecuadorian amazon Secoya structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the change in the building structures of a Northeastern Ecuadorian group, the Secoya of the Aguarico River. In the context of environmental activism and cultural survival there are many reasons to ...

Arboleda, Gabriel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Configurational Entropy and Structure of the Molten NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this context, we examine NaCl-KCl-ZnCl2 molten salts and pay particular attention to characterizing the thermodynamics and structure of these liquids in order ...

345

Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Motor Gasoline Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement – April 2008 1 ... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Transportation Data Book.

346

Industry Terms and Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2007 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Industry Terms and Definitions Citation Liberty Pioneer educational...

347

Definitions of Petroleum Products and Other Terms  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Definitions of Petroleum Products and Other Terms (Revised January 2001) Alcohol. The fa mily name of a group of organic chemical

348

EIA Short -Term and Winter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2008 NASEO 2008/09 Winter Fuels Outlook Conference October 7, 2008 Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht Acting ...

349

Mass terms in the Skyrme Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider various forms of the mass term that can be used in the Skyrme model and their implications on the properties of baryonic states. We show that, with an appropriate choice for the mass term, without changing the asymptotic behaviour of the profile functions at large $r$, we can considerably reduce or increase the mass term's contribution to the classical mass of the solitons. We find that multibaryon configurations can be classically bound at large baryon numbers for some choices of this mass term.

V. B. Kopeliovich; B. Piette; W. J. Zakrzewski

2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

350

Export.gov - Terms of Trade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Your Market Conduct Business Online Get Logistical Support Secure Export Financing Terms of Trade Related Topics Four Ways to Learn How to Export Attend Online or Classroom...

351

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Projections: EIA, Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System database, and Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels (hydroelectric and nuclear).

352

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—February 2008 2 Global Petroleum OPEC left production targets unchanged at its February 1st ...

353

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—March 2008 2 Diesel prices are projected to show larger gains in 2008, averaging $3.45 per

354

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—January 2009 2 Global Petroleum Overview. The downward trend in oil prices continued in ...

355

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—December 2008 2 Global Petroleum Overview The increasing likelihood of a prolonged global ...

356

devil's dictionary of security terms (nov 2013)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Devil's Dictionary of Security Terms November 2013 Roger Johnston Vulnerability Assessment Team Argonne National Laboratory Advanced Persistent Threat: (1) A buzzword to...

357

Structure glass technology : systems and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glass cannot compete with steel in terms of strength or durability, but it is the only structural material that offers the highly sought after qualities of translucency and transparency. The use of glass has evolved from ...

Leitch, Katherine K. (Katherine Kristen)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Surface terms, Asymptotics and Thermodynamics of the Holst Action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a first order formalism for general relativity derived from the Holst action. This action is obtained from the standard Palatini-Hilbert form by adding a topological-like term and can be taken as the starting point for loop quantum gravity and spin foam models. The equations of motion derived from the Holst action are, nevertheless, the same as in the Palatini formulation. Here we study the form of the surface terms of the action for general boundaries as well as the symplectic current in the covariant formulation of the theory. Furthermore, we analyze the behavior of the surface terms in asymptotically flat space-times. We show that the contribution to the symplectic structure from the Holst term vanishes and one obtains the same asymptotic expressions as in the Palatini action. It then follows that the asymptotic Poincare symmetries and conserved quantities such as energy, linear momentum and relativistic angular momentum found here are equivalent to those obtained from the standard Arnowitt, Deser and Misner formalism. Finally, we consider the Euclidean approach to black hole thermodynamics and show that the on-shell Holst action, when evaluated on some static solutions containing horizons, yields the standard thermodynamical relations.

Alejandro Corichi; Edward Wilson-Ewing

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Terms with unbounded demonic and angelic nondeterminacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show how to introduce demonic and angelic nondeterminacy into the term language of each type in typical programming or specification language. For each type we introduce (binary infix) operators @? and @? on terms of the type, corresponding to demonic ... Keywords: Angelic nondeterminacy, Demonic nondeterminacy, Free completely distributive lattice, Nondeterminism

Joseph M. Morris; Malcolm Tyrrell

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Skyrme Model with Different Mass Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a one parameter family of mass terms for the Skyrme model that disfavours shell-like configurations for multi-baryon classical solutions. We argue that a model with such mass terms can provide a better description of nuclei as shell like configurations are now less stable than in the traditional massive Skyrme model

Bernard Piette; Wojtek J. Zakrzewski

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Computation of term dominance in text documents  

SciTech Connect

An improved entropy-based term dominance metric useful for characterizing a corpus of text documents, and is useful for comparing the term dominance metrics of a first corpus of documents to a second corpus having a different number of documents.

Bauer, Travis L. (Albuquerque, NM); Benz, Zachary O. (Albuquerque, NM); Verzi, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

362

Multi-tiered sensing and data processing for monitoring ship structures  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive structural health monitoring (SHM) system is a critical mechanism to ensure hull integrity and evaluate structural performance over the life of a ship, especially for lightweight high-speed ships. One of the most important functions of a SHM system is to provide real-time performance guidance and reduce the risk of structural damage during operations at sea. This is done by continuous feedback from onboard sensors providing measurements of seaway loads and structural responses. Applications of SHM should also include diagnostic capabilities such as identifying the presence of damage, assessing the location and extent of damage when it does occur in order to plan for future inspection and maintenance. The development of such SHM systems is extremely challenging because of the physical size of these structures, the widely varying and often extreme operational and environmental conditions associated with the missions of high performance ships, the lack of data from known damage conditions, the limited sensing that was not designed specifically for SHM, the management of the vast amounts of data, and the need for continued, real-time data processing. This paper will discuss some of these challenges and several outstanding issues that need to be addressed in the context of applying various SHM approaches to sea trials data measured on an aluminum high-speed catamaran, the HSV-2 Swift. A multi-tiered approach for sensing and data processing will be discussed as potential SHM architecture for future shipboard application. This approach will involve application of low cost and dense sensor arrays such as wireless communications in selected areas of the ship hull in addition to conventional sensors measuring global structural response of the ship. A recent wireless hull monitoring demo on FSF-I SeaFighter will be discussed as an example to show how this proposed architecture is a viable approach for long-term and real-time hull monitoring.

Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Salvino, Liming [NSWCCD; Lynch, Jerome [UNIV. OF MICHIGAN; Brady, Thomas [NSWCCD

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Context-Aware Service Utilisation in the Clouds and Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ubiquitous computing environments are characterised by smart, interconnected artefacts embedded in our physical world that are projected to provide useful services to human inhabitants unobtrusively. Mobile devices are becoming the primary tools of human interaction with these embedded artefacts and utilisation of services available in smart computing environments such as clouds. Advancements in capabilities of mobile devices allow a number of user and environment related context consumers to be hosted on these devices. Without a coordinating component, these context consumers and providers are a potential burden on device resources; specifically the effect of uncoordinated computation and communication with cloud-enabled services can negatively impact the battery life. Therefore energy conservation is a major concern in realising the collaboration and utilisation of mobile device based context-aware applications and cloud based services. This paper presents the concept of a context-brokering component to aid...

Kiani, Saad Liaquat; Antonopoulos, Nick; Knappmeyer, Michael; Baker, Nigel; McClatchey, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

MANDOP Analysis over Complex Orography in the Context of the MAP Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper deals with the adaptation of the Multiple Analytical Doppler (MANDOP) analysis to Doppler radar observations over complex orography. The objective, in the context of the Mesoscale Alpine Programme (MAP), is to design a reliable ...

Pierre Tabary; Georges Scialom

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Evolution of Risk Management at NASA in the Context of Achieving Adequate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Evolution of Risk Management at NASA in the Context of Achieving Evolution of Risk Management at NASA in the Context of Achieving Adequate Safety Evolution of Risk Management at NASA in the Context of Achieving Adequate Safety September 20, 2012 Presenter: Homayoon Dezfuli, Ph.D. NASA Technical Fellow for System Safety Office of Safety and Mission Assurance NASA Headquarters Topics Covered: Historical Perspective on NASA Risk Management (RM) * RM Approach After 2008 * Future Direction of RM at NASA - The Concept of "Adequate Safety" - The Issue of Risk Analysis Completeness (Rationale for Future Trends in RM) Summary 2 Acknowledgment Evolution of Risk Management at NASA in the Context of Achieving Adequate Safety More Documents & Publications DOE Standard on Development and Use of Probabilistic Risk Assessment in DOE

366

U-233: Oracle Database INDEXTYPE CTXSYS.CONTEXT Bug Lets Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Oracle Database INDEXTYPE CTXSYS.CONTEXT Bug Lets Remote 3: Oracle Database INDEXTYPE CTXSYS.CONTEXT Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-233: Oracle Database INDEXTYPE CTXSYS.CONTEXT Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges August 13, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Oracle Database INDEXTYPE CTXSYS.CONTEXT Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Gain Elevated Privileges PLATFORM: Oracle Database Server versions 10.2.0.3, 10.2.0.4, 10.2.0.5, 11.1.0.7, 11.2.0.2, 11.2.0.3 ABSTRACT: A remote authenticated user with 'Create Table' privileges can gain 'SYS' privileges on the target system. Reference LINKS: Oracle Security Alert Oracle Security Alert - CVE-2012-3132 Risk Matrices SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027367 CVE-2012-3132 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Oracle Database. This vulnerability is not

367

A study of learners' attitudes using TAM in a context-aware mobile learning environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a context-aware mobile learning (CAML) environment based on situated learning. Furthermore, we used the CAML to process an outdoor learning activity and evaluated the attitudes of learners. The participants involved in ...

Tzung-Shi Chen; Po-Sheng Chiu; Yueh-Ming Huang; Cheng-Sian Chang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An examination of Boeing's supply chain management practices within the context of the global aerospace industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the supply chain management practices of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Company within the context of the global aerospace industry. The methodology used for this study includes a study of emerging ...

Çizmeci, DaÄŸ lar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Semantic context detection using audio event fusion: camera-ready version  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic-level content analysis is a crucial issue in achieving efficient content retrieval and management. We propose a hierarchical approach that models audio events over a time series in order to accomplish semantic context detection. Two levels of ...

Wei-Ta Chu; Wen-Huang Cheng; Ja-Ling Wu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Measuring contextual fitness using error contexts extracted from the Wikipedia revision history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate measures of contextual fitness on the task of detecting real-word spelling errors. For that purpose, we extract naturally occurring errors and their contexts from the Wikipedia revision history. We show that such natural errors are better ...

Torsten Zesch

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Chemistry in sport: context-based e-learning in chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper details the design and use of a learning resource for independent learning in chemistry. The course presents chemistry in the context of sport and draws upon a number of models of teaching and learning, including the Perry scheme of intellectual development, multiple intelligences (MI) theory, problem/context-based learning (P/CBL), mind mapping, case studies and web-based independent learning. The resource was produced as a website containing the context, content, and the tasks to be completed as part of the assessment. Hyperlinks to additional content and external web-pages were also included. The students ’ response to the learning resource was positive; they enjoyed the course, found the context interesting and the presentation helpful. The assessment marks compared well with those from other modules taken by the same students in the same academic year. [Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2006, 7 (3), 195-202

Nicholas M. Potter; Tina L. Overton

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Look Who's Talking : mechanisms for sharing interpersonal context and social titles as awareness information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile awareness systems aim to convey personal context information between people in a way that is less intrusive, somewhat automatic, and often much more persistent than a phone call. Although there are many ways in which ...

Adcock, Matthew Graham

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Reanalyses-Based Tropospheric Temperature Estimates: Uncertainties in the Context of Global Climate Change Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainties in estimates of tropospheric mean temperature were investigated in the context of climate change detection through comparisons of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) ...

Muthuvel Chelliah; C. F. Ropelewski

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The Turn of the Century North American Drought: Global Context, Dynamics, and Past Analogs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The causes and global context of the North American drought between 1998 and 2004 are examined using atmospheric reanalyses and ensembles of atmosphere model simulations variously forced by global SSTs or tropical Pacific SSTs alone. The drought ...

Richard Seager

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

ToscanaJ: Conceptual Scaling of Many-Valued Contexts. In: same volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Toscana and Anaconda started a tradition of applying conceptual scaling to attribute-value data in the form of many-valued contexts. This tradition is continued with ToscanaJ and its editing tools. 1

Peter Becker

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A comparison of co-occurrence and similarity measures as simulations of context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of word co-occurrences and similarity computations are often used as a straightforward way to represent the global contexts of words and achieve a simulation of semantic word similarity for applications such as word or document clustering ...

Stefan Bordag

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The Arsenal of Venice : a study on the degree of context-conscious architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main focus of this study is to define a flexible approach for the most conventional challenge in architecture of introducing a new building into a fabric, that we sometimes call "context", composed of old buildings ...

Germen, Murat S. (Murat Seyda)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A context-sensitive meta-classifier for color-naming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Humans are sensitive to situational and semantic context when applying labels to colors. This is especially challenging for algorithms which attempt to replicate human categorization for communicative tasks. Additionally, ...

Kubat, Rony Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Firing fields of dorsocaudal medial entorhinal cortex as a context-independent spatial map, Robotics Institute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The firing fields of the ”grid cells ” found in the rat dorsocaudal medial entorhinal cortex (dMEC) present a surprising pattern of context-independent regularity. We use computational means to analyze and validate the geometric and algebraic invariant properties of the firing fields, leading to a context invariant spatial map. Our method computes the specific symmetry group implicitly associated with the spatial map, and quantifies the regularity of the firing fields to achieve a symmetry-based clustering of two different types of “grid cells. ” This quantified regularity makes spatial mapping more computationally efficient and suggests a way to use the dMEC firing patterns to estimate the probabilty of the rat being located at different points in the room. Finally, general properties of context-independent population codes are suggested. Namely, context-independent population codes gain robustness by introducing uncertainty and ambiguity.

Erick Chastain; Yanxi Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Exclusivity structures and graph representatives of local complementation orbits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a construction that maps any connected graph G on three or more vertices into a larger graph, H(G), whose independence number is strictly smaller than its Lov\\'asz number which is equal to its fractional packing number. The vertices of H(G) represent all possible events consistent with the stabilizer group of the graph state associated with G, and exclusive events are adjacent. Mathematically, the graph H(G) corresponds to the orbit of G under local complementation. Physically, the construction translates into graph-theoretic terms the connection between a graph state and a Bell inequality maximally violated by quantum mechanics. In the context of zero-error information theory, the construction suggests a protocol achieving the maximum rate of entanglement-assisted capacity, a quantum mechanical analogue of the Shannon capacity, for each H(G). The violation of the Bell inequality is expressed by the one-shot version of this capacity being strictly larger than the independence number. Finally, given the correspondence between graphs and exclusivity structures, we are able to compute the independence number for certain infinite families of graphs with the use of quantum non-locality, therefore highlighting an application of quantum theory in the proof of a purely combinatorial statement.

Adan Cabello; Matthew G. Parker; Giannicola Scarpa; Simone Severini

2012-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Modélisation et évaluation du comportement dynamique d'une structure de machine outil UGV pour la prédiction des défauts géométriques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To achieve better performances in term of productivity, High Speed Machining centers have increasing kinematical characteristics. High accelerations caused by the trajectory execution dynamically load mechanical structure, axes and joints. Such deformations of mechanical components a ect the actual position of the tool in the machining frame. Hence, these gemetrical deviations make the machined geometry of the part vary from the expected one. Within the context of managing the HSM process, this study develops a framework and choice of nite element model to evaluate the structure dynamical behavior of a HSM center. Based on the proposed model, a calculation method is detailed to evaluate the geometrical deviations induced by the trajectory execution. The presented works can thus be used as a tool for the structure design of machine, the adjustment and the optimization of kinematical parameters for machining. --- Pour atteindre des performances accrues en terme de productivit\\'e, les centres d'Usinage Grande Vitesse poss\\`edent des caract\\'eristiques cin\\'ematiques \\'elev\\'ees. Les fortes acc\\'el\\'erations mises en jeu lors de l'ex\\'ecution des trajectoires sollicitent dynamiquement la structure et les liaisons. Les d\\'eformations engendr\\'ees peuvent alors se r\\'epercuter sur la position effective de l'outil par rapport \\`a la pi\\`ece cr\\'eant des \\'ecarts g\\'eom\\'etriques par rapport \\`a la g\\'eom\\'etrie attendue. Dans un contexte de ma\\^itrise du processus de r\\'ealisation de pi\\`eces en UGV, les travaux d\\'evelopp\\'es pr\\'esentent une d\\'emarche et un choix de mod\\'elisation \\'el\\'ements finis pour \\'evaluer le comportement dynamique d'une structure de centre UGV. Bas\\'e sur ce mod\\`ele, une m\\'ethodologie de calcul est propos\\'ee pour \\'evaluer les \\'ecarts g\\'eom\\'etriques g\\'en\\'er\\'es lors de l'ex\\'ecution de trajectoires types. Ces travaux constituent ainsi une voie pour le dimensionnement de structure, le r\\'eglage et l'optimisation des param\\`etres cin\\'ematiques pour l'usinage.

David Prévost; Sylvain Lavernhe; François Louf; Philippe Rouch

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

382

Structural Databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... c) http://bioinfo.nist.gov/biofuels/ A resource for Biofuels. ... Biofuels database (c) is a structural resource for biofuels research. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Investigating Servant Leadership in the Context of Cause-Related Sporting Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents three separate studies designed to provide systematic and evidence-based insight into how servant leadership could be a crucial success factor in helping non-profit organizations (NPOs) hosting cause-related sporting events achieve their missions. Thus, the purpose of my dissertation was to advance the literature and the practice of servant leadership. In Study one, I conducted a systematic literature review of studies that explored an application of servant leadership. A disciplined screening process resulted in a sample population of 39 studies. The synthesis of these applied studies revealed: a) there is no consensus on the definition of servant leadership; b) servant leadership is being applied across a variety of contexts, cultures, and themes; c) researchers are using multiple measures to explore servant leadership; and d) these studies provide strong evidence that servant leadership helps organizations and improves the well-being of followers. In Study two, I explored the leadership style of the founder of a cause-related sporting event to understand how this leadership style motivated volunteers. This was achieved through semi-structured personal interviews, document analysis, and personal observations of the 25th National Kidney Foundation (NKF) Surf Festival. Results indicated that the founder was a servant leader who influenced volunteer motivation by generating a shared vision dedicated to helping others, building a caring and loving community, and creating the freedom and resources for followers to become servants themselves. In Study three, using a longitudinal case study, I qualitatively explored if a cause-related sporting event could inspire participants to become servant leaders, and if so, how does the event achieve this? Data collection methods included focus groups, open-ended qualitative questionnaires, direct observations, document analysis, and semi-structured personal interviews with participants of the U.S. NKF Transplant Games, specifically Team Florida. Analyses revealed the event inspired participants to serve others and helped to build a community of servant leaders. It was found that three specific mechanisms of the Games generated community-level outcomes, which led to impacts on participants and helped them develop servant leadership. I then developed a model to describe a cause-related sporting event's ability to inspire participants to become servant leaders.

Parris, Denise

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Complex Structures in Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show that the basic external (i.e. not determined by the equations) object in Classical electrodynamics equations is a complex structure. In the 3-dimensional standard form of Maxwell equations this complex structure $\\mathcal{I}$ participates implicitly in the equations and its presence is responsible for the so called duality invariance. We give a new form of the equations showing explicitly the participation of $\\mathcal{I}$. In the 4-dimensional formulation the complex structure is extracted directly from the equations, it appears as a linear map $\\Phi$ in the space of 2-forms on $\\mathbb{R}^4$. It is shown also that $\\Phi$ may appear through the equivariance properties of the new formulation of the theory. Further we show how this complex structure $\\Phi$ combines with the Poincare isomorphism $\\mathfrak{P}$ between the 2-forms and 2-tensors to generate all well known and used in the theory (pseudo)metric constructions on $\\mathbb{R}^4$, and to define the conformal symmetry properties. The equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) do not also need these pseudometrics as beforehand necessary structures. A new formulation of the EED equations in terms of a generalized Lie derivative is given.

Stoil Donev

2001-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

Market Trends and Projections to 2016COAL Medium-Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Its primary mandate was – and is – two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply, and provide authoritative research and analysis on ways to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member countries and beyond. The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among its member countries, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports. The Agency’s aims include the following objectives: n Secure member countries ’ access to reliable and ample supplies of all forms of energy; in particular, through maintaining effective emergency response capabilities in case of oil supply disruptions. n Promote sustainable energy policies that spur economic growth and environmental protection in a global context – particularly in terms of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions that contribute to climate change. n Improve transparency of international markets through collection and analysis of energy data. n Support global collaboration on energy technology to secure future energy supplies and mitigate their environmental impact, including through improved energy efficiency and development and deployment of low-carbon technologies. n Find solutions to global energy challenges through engagement and dialogue with non-member countries, industry, international organisations and other stakeholders. © OECD/IEA, 2011 International Energy Agency 9 rue de la Fédération

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Protein Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Structure Protein Structure Name: Chris Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: what are the four levels or structure of protien Replies: Hi Chris... as you must know proteins are made of amino acids arranged in polypeptide chains, and the order of them in these chains is called primary structure. The regular way in which the polypeptide chains are arranged in space to form a protein molecule is called secondary structure. The arrangement of the three-dimensional structure of the polypeptide chain in space is the tertiary structure. The arrangement of the combination of two or more polypeptide chains constitutes the quartenary structure. Quite simple, isn't? If you just remember that the molecular weights of proteins range usually from 10,000 to 100,000 daltons (one dalton is the weight of one hydrogen atom) and that 20 different amino-acids in a chain 100 amino acids long can be arranged in far more than 10 to its 100 potency ( number 1 followed by 100 zeroes) ways!

387

Email for you (only?): design and implementation of a context-based learning process on internetworking and cryptography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The didactical approach of teaching computer science in context aims at enabling learners to understand concepts of computer science better through the help of concrete illustration and meaning. This paper describes a learning arrangement in which students ... Keywords: IniK, RSA, communication protocol, communication security, computer science in context, context-based computer science education, cryptology, email protocol

Andreas Gramm; Malte Hornung; Helmut Witten

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Seven-Dimensional Gravity with Topological Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct new seven-dimensional gravity by adding two topological terms to the Einstein-Hilbert action. For certain choice of the coupling constants, these terms may be related to the R^4 correction to the 3-form field equation of eleven-dimensional supergravity. We derive the full set of the equations of motion. We find that the static spherically-symmetric black holes are unmodified by the topological terms. We obtain squashed AdS_7, and also squashed seven spheres and Q^{111} spaces in Euclidean signature.

H. Lu; Yi Pang

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

389

Avian Interactions with Wind Power Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In October of 2002, in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, EPRI held a conference on avian interactions with wind power structures. Previous EPRI conferences on this same topic have focused on various aspects of the topic; the focus areas in 2002 were 1) assessing the state of knowledge with respect to avian interactions with wind powered generation facilities, and 2) providing a context for future research and development efforts. This report is an abbreviated version of the complete proceedings, which will be poste...

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

390

Term extraction + term clustering: an integrated platform for computer-aided terminology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel technique for automatic thesaurus construction is proposed. It is based on the complementary use of two tools: (1) a Term Extraction tool that acquires term candidates from tagged corpora through a shallow grammar of noun phrases, and (2) a Term ...

Didier Bourigault; Christian Jacquemin

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Gauge origin of M parity and the {mu} term in supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

In this article, we present a simple theoretical framework where the origin of the {mu} term and the matter-parity-violating interactions of the minimal supersymmetric standard model can be understood from the spontaneous breaking of new Abelian gauge symmetries. In this context, the masses of the Z{sup '} gauge bosons, the M-parity-violating scale and the {mu} term are determined by the supersymmetry breaking scale. The full spectrum of the theory is discussed in detail. We investigate the predictions for the Higgs masses in detail showing that it is possible to satisfy the LEP2 bounds even with sub-TeV squark masses. The model predicts the existence of light colored fields, lepton- and baryon-number violation, and new neutral gauge bosons at the Large Hadron Collider.

Fileviez Perez, Pavel; Gonzalez-Alonso, Martin; Spinner, Sogee [Phenomenology Institute (PHENO), Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics (CCPP), Department of Physics, New York University, New York, 10003 (United States); Theoretical Nuclear, Particle, Astrophysics, and Cosmology (NPAC) Group, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Phenomenology Institute (PHENO), Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Structural Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Structural testing at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) offers many benefits to wind turbine companies. NWTC includes a new high bay large enough to test any blade expected during the next 5 years. (There are four test bays.) In 1995, NWTC developed a saphisticated data acquisition system, known as the Blade Structural Testing Real-time Acquisition Interface Network (BSTRAIN), to monitor structural testing through 24-hour continuous video surveillance. NWTC recommends ultimate static-strength and fatigue testing, with nondestructive testing in some cases (vibrational testing is covered in a separate information sheet).

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Principles and Terms Principles and Terms Lighting Principles and Terms July 29, 2012 - 5:20pm Addthis Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of Tadson Bussey. Learn More Find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. To choose the best energy-efficient lighting options for your home, you should understand basic lighting principles and terms. Light Quantity Illumination The distribution of light on a horizontal surface. The purpose of all lighting is to produce illumination. Lumen A measurement of light emitted by a lamp. As reference, a 100-watt

394

Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2014  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chart Gallery for January 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 West Texas...

395

102nd Annual Meeting Expo Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exhibition Terms and Conditions PAYMENT, ALLOTMENT, CANCELLATION, AND INDEMNIFICATION The deposit of the rental fee is to be forwarded with the space reservation, and any balance shall be due before March 31, 2010. Space contrac

396

Long-term care and the elderly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-term care expenditures represent one of the largest uninsured financial risks facing the elderly. Medicaid provides incomplete insurance against these costs: unlimited nursing home benefits with a deductible equal to ...

Coe, Norma B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Vorticity Equation Terms for Extratropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All terms of the frictionless, nonlinear, vorticity equation are examined. Traditional scale analysis provides one of several justifications for using the quasigeostrophic (QG) system of equations to model extratropical cyclones. Analysts of ...

Richard Grotjahn

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Life Cycle Management Economic Tools Demonstration: Risk-Informed Long-Term Planning for Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To date, the EPRI Life Cycle Management (LCM) process and economic evaluation software tools have used point-value deterministic calculations to identify the economically optimum long-term plan for a system, structure, or component (SSC). This collaborative project demonstrates the unique capabilities of four tools that use probabilistic techniques to risk-inform LCM planning (i.e., accounting for risk and uncertainty in long-term asset management resource allocation decisions).

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Deployable structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis has the purpose of describing the meaning and applications of deployable structures (making emphasis in the scissor-hinged and sliding mechanisms.) and the development of new geometries, details, and mechanisms ...

Hernández Merchan, Carlos Henrique

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

APPOINTMENT TERMS A basic appointment term represents the length of an appointment, in months and the dates. Each of these terms is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05/21/07 APPOINTMENT TERMS A basic appointment term represents the length of an appointment, in months and the dates. Each of these terms is represented by a code. Standard appointment terms range from 9 to 12 months. A 9 month term may be used to indicate that entire length of time or a portion

Thomas, David D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE CONTROLLING PROVISIONS: No terms and conditions other than the terms and conditions contained herein shall be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE CONTROLLING PROVISIONS: No terms and conditions other than the terms's authorized agent. All terms and conditions contained in any prior oral or written communication, including, without limitation, Buyer's purchase order, which are different from or in addition to the terms

Herrick, Robert R.

402

A model for Long-term Industrial Energy Forecasting (LIEF)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to establish the content and structural validity of the Long-term Industrial Energy Forecasting (LIEF) model, and to provide estimates for the model's parameters. The model is intended to provide decision makers with a relatively simple, yet credible tool to forecast the impacts of policies which affect long-term energy demand in the manufacturing sector. Particular strengths of this model are its relative simplicity which facilitates both ease of use and understanding of results, and the inclusion of relevant causal relationships which provide useful policy handles. The modeling approach of LIEF is intermediate between top-down econometric modeling and bottom-up technology models. It relies on the following simple concept, that trends in aggregate energy demand are dependent upon the factors: (1) trends in total production; (2) sectoral or structural shift, that is, changes in the mix of industrial output from energy-intensive to energy non-intensive sectors; and (3) changes in real energy intensity due to technical change and energy-price effects as measured by the amount of energy used per unit of manufacturing output (KBtu per constant $ of output). The manufacturing sector is first disaggregated according to their historic output growth rates, energy intensities and recycling opportunities. Exogenous, macroeconomic forecasts of individual subsector growth rates and energy prices can then be combined with endogenous forecasts of real energy intensity trends to yield forecasts of overall energy demand. 75 refs.

Ross, M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.); Hwang, R. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A model for Long-term Industrial Energy Forecasting (LIEF)  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to establish the content and structural validity of the Long-term Industrial Energy Forecasting (LIEF) model, and to provide estimates for the model`s parameters. The model is intended to provide decision makers with a relatively simple, yet credible tool to forecast the impacts of policies which affect long-term energy demand in the manufacturing sector. Particular strengths of this model are its relative simplicity which facilitates both ease of use and understanding of results, and the inclusion of relevant causal relationships which provide useful policy handles. The modeling approach of LIEF is intermediate between top-down econometric modeling and bottom-up technology models. It relies on the following simple concept, that trends in aggregate energy demand are dependent upon the factors: (1) trends in total production; (2) sectoral or structural shift, that is, changes in the mix of industrial output from energy-intensive to energy non-intensive sectors; and (3) changes in real energy intensity due to technical change and energy-price effects as measured by the amount of energy used per unit of manufacturing output (KBtu per constant $ of output). The manufacturing sector is first disaggregated according to their historic output growth rates, energy intensities and recycling opportunities. Exogenous, macroeconomic forecasts of individual subsector growth rates and energy prices can then be combined with endogenous forecasts of real energy intensity trends to yield forecasts of overall energy demand. 75 refs.

Ross, M. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)]|[Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.; Hwang, R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

An Ordering of Terms Based on Semantic Relatedness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Ordering of Terms Based on Semantic Relatedness Abstract Term selection methods typically employ a statistical measure to filter or weight terms. Term expansion for IR may also depend on statistics, or use of terms based on a seman- tic relatedness measure. This semantic order can be exploited by term weighting

Tan, Chew Lim

405

A Case Study of NGO-Government Collaboration in Vietnam: Partnership Dynamics Explained through Contexts, Incentives, and Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaboration between international NGOs (INGOs) and governmental organizations (GOs) have contributed significantly to the goals of poverty alleviation and agricultural development in developing countries. Much of the literatures on NGO-GO partnerships have explored theoretically or empirically what motivate and hinder cross-sector collaboration. But not many have studied cross-sector collaboration from both analytical and descriptive perspectives. This study filled in this gap by drawing from previous studies a conceptual framework through which contexts, incentives, and barriers that influence INGO-GO partnerships were described and explained. The researcher adopted a qualitative case-study method with emergent design. Personal interviews were conducted with 20 key informants, including eight Vietnamese staff from one INGO and 12 government officials from six GOs who partnered with the INGO. All participating organizations were institutions serving agricultural and rural development in the south of Vietnam. The data were collected in 2010 and analyzed using the software package ATLAS.ti. The results showed four categories that interact to form a framework of a dynamic continuum of partnership development. The four categories included conditioning factors, incentives, barriers, and feedback loop. The categories held the following themes: 1) socio-political contexts and organizational natures for conditioning factors, 2) shared missions, resource mobilization, capacity building, and networking for incentives, 3) ideological conflicts, structural constraints, and operational hurdles for barriers, and 4) reflections and recommendations for feedback loop. The study contributed a theoretical- and empirical-based perspective on INGO-GO partnerships in post-reform countries. It provided a framework that comprehensively describes and explains partnership dynamics. The study also shared knowledge of the intricacies of INGO-GO partnerships in rural Vietnam. For institutions serving agricultural and rural development, the study could assist in strategic management to minimize constraints and maximize opportunities in collaborative environments.

Nguyen, Anh Thuc

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Controlling Structures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlling Structures Controlling Structures Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Controlling Structures Dictionary.png Controlling Structures: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Structure Description Associated Topography Tectonic Setting Major Normal Fault Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Major range front faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Mountainous, Horst and Graben Extensional Tectonics, Rift Zone Termination of a Major Normal Fault Major normal faults sometimes terminate into multiple horsetailing splays that result in increased hydrothermal fluid flux. As of 2011, 22% of all known Basin & Range structures hosting geothermal systems occur at normal fault terminations or tip-lines with multiple closely-spaced faults that enhance permeability. Mountainous, Horst and Graben Extensional Tectonics, Rift Zone

407

Procrastination on Long-Term Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

how people may incur costs on projects they never complete.to complete the project when these costs are allocatedcompletes the project under exogenous cost structure (c; k),

O'Donoghue, Ted; Rabin, Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) quarterly forecasts of short-term energy supply, demand, and prices are revised in January, April, July, and October for publication in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes previous forecast errors, compares recent projections by other forecasters, and discusses current topics of the short-term energy markets (see Short- Term Energy Outlook: Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The principal users of the Outlook are managers and energy analysts in private industry and government. The projections in this volume extend through the fourth quarter of 1990. The forecasts are produced using the Short-term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model uses two principal driving variables: a macroeconomic forecast and world oil price assumptions. Macroeconomic forecasts produced by data Resources, Inc., (DRI), are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic forecast. EIA's Oil Market Simulation Model is used to project world oil prices. 20 refs., 17 figs., 16 tabs.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Context: Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Decision Tree for Global Environmental Impact Screening.. ... United Nations Environment Programme's Role in Eliminating Halon Dependency in ...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

410

Context: Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Yang, JC; Huber, ML; Boyer, CI; 1995. Modeling of Hydrogen Fluoride Formation From Flame Suppressants During Combustion.. ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

411

Context: Discharge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Modification of the Characteristics of the Condensed Fire Extinguishing Aerosol During Its Distribution Through the Pipelines.. ...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Context: Suppression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the Halon Replacement Program for Army Ground Combat Vehicles ... Gas Measurement Using FTIR, GC/MS and Ion Selective Electrode Methods ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

On the effect of INQUERY term-weighting scheme on query-sensitive similarity measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluster-based information retrieval systems often use a similarity measure to compute the association among text documents. In this thesis, we focus on a class of similarity measures named Query-Sensitive Similarity (QSS) measures. Recent studies have shown QSS measures to positively influence the outcome of a clustering procedure. These studies have used QSS measures in conjunction with the ltc term-weighting scheme. Several term-weighting schemes have superseded the ltc term-weighing scheme and demonstrated better retrieval performance relative to the latter. We test whether introducing one of these schemes, INQUERY, will offer any benefit over the ltc scheme when used in the context of QSS measures. The testing procedure uses the Nearest Neighbor (NN) test to quantify the clustering effectiveness of QSS measures and the corresponding term-weighting scheme. The NN tests are applied on certain standard test document collections and the results are tested for statistical significance. On analyzing results of the NN test relative to those obtained for the ltc scheme, we find several instances where the INQUERY scheme improves the clustering effectiveness of QSS measures. To be able to apply the NN test, we designed a software test framework, Ferret, by complementing the features provided by dtSearch, a search engine. The test framework automates the generation of NN coefficients by processing standard test document collection data. We provide an insight into the construction and working of the Ferret test framework.

Kini, Ananth Ullal

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The organizational social context of mental health services and clinician attitudes toward evidence-based practice: A United States national study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is that mental health clinic organizational culture andCA: The organizational context of children's mental healthThe organizational social context of mental health services

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Summary of Important Terms PETROLEUM PRICES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Important Terms Important Terms PETROLEUM PRICES Refiner acquisition cost of crude oil (RAC): The average monthly cost of crude oil to U.S. refiners, including transportation and fees. The composite cost is the weighted average of domestic and imported crude oil costs. Typically, the imported RAC is about $1.50 per barrel below the monthly average spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil and is within about $0.20 per barrel of the average monthly spot price of Brent crude oil. Unless otherwise stated, the imported RAC is what is referred to in this report as the 'world oil price" or "average crude oil price." Retail motor gasoline prices: The average pump prices for gasoline reported in the Short-term Energy Outlook are derived from the Energy Information

416

Semantic Features for Classifying Referring Search Terms  

SciTech Connect

When an internet user clicks on a result in a search engine, a request is submitted to the destination web server that includes a referrer field containing the search terms given by the user. Using this information, website owners can analyze the search terms leading to their websites to better understand their visitors needs. This work explores some of the features that can be used for classification-based analysis of such referring search terms. We present initial results for the example task of classifying HTTP requests countries of origin. A system that can accurately predict the country of origin from query text may be a valuable complement to IP lookup methods which are susceptible to the obfuscation of dereferrers or proxies. We suggest that the addition of semantic features improves classifier performance in this example application. We begin by looking at related work and presenting our approach. After describing initial experiments and results, we discuss paths forward for this work.

May, Chandler J.; Henry, Michael J.; McGrath, Liam R.; Bell, Eric B.; Marshall, Eric J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

417

SUPPORT STRUCTURE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The core support structure for fuel elements of a fast reactor is described. The support structure comprises a nest of tubes of alternately long and short length in longitudinally parallel relationship and arranged in a symmetrical hexagonal lattice. Each tube has a hexagonal section of flat contact faces disposed intermediate its ends and at points wherein tube pairs are engaged in face to face contact. One of each pair of adjacent tubes is slotted to receive the intersecting portion of the other tube of the pair, the intersecting portion bearing against the fuel element contained in the slotted tube for locating the element therein. (AEC)

Tatlock, J.; Glass, J.A.F.

1962-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

418

Near Term Hydrogen and Electricity Infrastructure Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Denver, CO Denver, CO September 22, 2004 Abbas Akhil, DER and Energy Storage Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (505) 844-7308 aaakhil@sandia.gov Near-term Hydrogen and Electricity Infrastructure Integration Near-term Hydrogen and Electricity Infrastructure Integration Integration Scenarios and Issues Integration Scenarios and Issues ! How and where can electrolysis systems be integrated in the grid? " Siting/location " Operational issues " Investments " Benefits " Ownership ! Objectives are " Capture "grid" benefits " Seek to reduce emissions Siting and Location Siting and Location ! Electrolysis systems can be sited at " Existing generating stations " Transmission substations " Distribution substations ! Each locations has different

419

DOE/EIA-0202(87/2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2Q) 2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections April 1987 . m erm Term t-Term rt-Term jrt-Term ort-Term iort-Term ion-Term ion-Term lort-Term lort-Term ort-Term ort-Term Tt-Term ".-Term -Term Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

420

The structure of cosmic time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the approach of Julien Lesgourgues [1], we analyze the mathematical structure of the time co-ordinate of present day cosmological models, where these models include a cosmological constant term to account for the observed acceleration of the universe [2], [3]: we find that in all cases, except for a set of measure zero in the parameter space, the time is given by an (abelian) integral on a torus; the imaginary period of this integral then gives a natural periodicity in imaginary time for the universe; following Stephen Hawking [4], [5], this periodicity may be interpreted either as giving a fundamental mass scale for the universe, or (using Planck’s constant) a fundamental temperature, or both. The precise structure that emerges suggests that the structure of time can be regarded as an order parameter arising perhaps in a phase transition in the early universe; one might hope that this structure

George Sparling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Nanocrystal structures  

SciTech Connect

A structure including a grating and a semiconductor nanocrystal layer on the grating, can be a laser. The semiconductor nanocrystal layer can include a plurality of semiconductor nanocrystals including a Group II-VI compound, the nanocrystals being distributed in a metal oxide matrix. The grating can have a periodicity from 200 nm to 500 nm.

Eisler, Hans J. (Stoneham, MA); Sundar, Vikram C. (Stoneham, MA); Walsh, Michael E. (Everett, MA); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Bawendi, Moungi G. (Cambridge, MA); Smith, Henry I. (Sudbury, MA)

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

422

(Whose) value-sensitive design: a study of long- distance relationships in an Arabic cultural context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a qualitative study of how 11 Arab individuals use technology in the context of their long-distance romantic relationships. Our participants' communication practices bear similarities to previous findings on the mediation of intimacy ... Keywords: communication, culture, feminism, intimacy, values

Tamara Alsheikh; Jennifer A. Rode; Siân E. Lindley

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Solar: A pervasive-computing infrastructure for context-aware mobile applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar: A pervasive-computing infrastructure for context-aware mobile applications Guanling Chen}@cs.dartmouth.edu http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/~solar/ Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report TR2002-421 February 28 by discussing several applications under development, sketch the architecture of our system ("Solar

424

Geometry and context for semantic correspondences and functionality recognition in man-made 3D shapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of automatic recognition of functional parts of man-made 3D shapes in the presence of significant geometric and topological variations. We observe that under such challenging circumstances, the context of a part within a 3D shape ... Keywords: 3D shape segmentation, graph kernels, shape correspondence, shape similarity

Hamid Laga, Michela Mortara, Michela Spagnuolo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

On-Line Evidence for Context Use by Right-Brain-Damaged Patients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of right-brain-damaged (RBD) patients to use on-line contextual information in a word-monitoring task was examined. Subjects were required to monitor for target words in the contexts of both normal and semantically anomalous sentences. Similar ...

Carol L. Leonard; Shari R. Baum

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A framework for context-aware privacy of sensor data on mobile systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the competing goals of utility and privacy as they arise when a user shares personal sensor data with apps on a smartphone. On the one hand, there can be value to the user for sharing data in the form of various personalized services and recommendations; ... Keywords: Android, behavioral privacy, context-awareness, inferences, ipShield, model-based privacy

Supriyo Chakraborty; Kasturi Rangan Raghavan; Matthew P. Johnson; Mani B. Srivastava

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

OVERRIDE: a mobile privacy framework for context-driven perturbation and synthesis of sensor data streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart phones with increased computation and sensing capabilities have spurred the growth of context-aware apps. In current mobile platforms, these apps have direct access to raw sensor data streams, and can use the sensor data to infer a user's personal ...

Kasturi Rangan Raghavan; Supriyo Chakraborty; Mani Srivastava; Harris Teague

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Line graph explorer: scalable display of line graphs using Focus+Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientific measurements are often depicted as line graphs. State-of-the-art high throughput systems in life sciences, telemetry and electronics measurement rapidly generate hundreds to thousands of such graphs. Despite the increasing volume and ubiquity ... Keywords: Focus+Context, line graph

Robert Kincaid; Heidi Lam

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

An Investigation of User Behaviour Consistency for Context-Aware Information Retrieval Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Users interact with the Internet in dynamic environments that require the IR system to be context aware. Modern IR systems take advantage of user location, browsing history or previous interaction patterns, but a significant number of contextual factors ... Keywords: Implicit Feedback, Information Relevance, Information Retrieval, Information Retrieval Systems, Personalisation, User Behaviour

Adam Grzywaczewski; Rahat Iqbal; Anne James; John Halloran

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Exploring phrasal context and error correction heuristics in bootstrapping for geographic named entity annotation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographic named entities can be classified into many sub-types that are useful for applications such as information extraction and question answering. In this paper, we present a high-performance bootstrapping algorithm with error correction heuristics ... Keywords: Bootstrapping, Error correcting heuristics, Geographic named entity annotation, Location normalization, Phrasal context

Seungwoo Lee; Gary Geunbae Lee

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Capturing and supporting contexts for scientific data sharing via the biological sciences collaboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientific collaboration is largely focused on the sharing and joint analysis of scientific data and results. Today, a movement is afoot within the scientific computing community to shift "collaboratory" development from traditional tool-centric approaches ... Keywords: collaboratory, data provenance, data sharing, data sharing contexts, data-centric collaboration, metadata, scientific workflow, tool-centric collaboration

George Chin, Jr.; Carina S. Lansing

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Multilevel and hybrid architecture for device abstraction and context information management in smart home environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hardware device management, and context information acquisition and abstraction are key factors to develop the ambient intelligent paradigm in smart homes. This work presents an architecture that addresses these two problems and provides a usable framework ... Keywords: frameworks, middleware, smart home

Víctor Peláez; Roberto González; Luis Ángel San Martín; Antonio Campos; Vanesa Lobato

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Representation of context-dependant knowledge in ontologies: A model and an application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of current Information and Knowledge Based Systems manage impressive amounts of information, ranging from local databases to resources imported from the web. In addition to widely pointed-out integration and maintenance difficulties, other common ... Keywords: Context-aware systems, Knowledge representation, Medical informatics, Mobile systems, Ontologies

Fernando Bobillo; Miguel Delgado; Juan Gómez-Romero

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Age and technology innovation in the workplace: Does work context matter?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two workplace trends will become increasingly important in years to come: reliance on information technology (IT) and workforce aging. This study explores the influence of workplace context on employee reactions to the implementation of a new IT initiative ... Keywords: Age, Implementation, Organizational climate, Technology

Tracey E. Rizzuto

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Agent-Based Support for Context-Aware Provisioning of IMS-Enabled Ubiquitous Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia applications executed on mobile devices allow users to be present and communicate with other users, anywhere and anytime, through wide area cellular networks, wireless local area networks (WLAN), or fixed networks. In order to enable ubiquitous ... Keywords: IMS-enabled services, context-aware service provisioning, multi-agent system, session mobility

Ana Petric; Krunoslav Trzec; Kresimir Jurasovic; Vedran Podobnik; Gordan Jezic; Mario Kusek; Igor Ljubi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

It/cs workshop: multimodal, multimedia courseware for teaching technical concepts in humanistic context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As global competition in IT increases, IT/CS students must learn concepts, theory, and implementation more efficiently, more broadly (e.g., technical and humanistic context) and in greater technical depth. IT (esp. CS and mathematics) is data-intensive ... Keywords: courseware, distributed learning, performance measurement

Mark S. Schmalz; Lynn Conway

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Analysis of user mobility data sources for multi-user context modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding the right data source for research is a challenge that many of us face. Although we live in times where 'Open Data' and 'Big Data' have become buzzwords, getting hold of a reasonable size and quality dataset is often hard. When it comes to user ... Keywords: context, dataset, mobility, model, multi-user, situation

Paras Mehta; Agnès Voisard

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A method of extracting malicious expressions in bulletin board systems by using context analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bulletin board systems are well-known basic services on the Internet for information frequent exchange. The convenience of bulletin boards enables us to communicate with other persons and to read the communication contents at any time. However, malicious ... Keywords: Bulletin board systems, Context analysis, Filtering systems, Malicious expressions, Multi-attribute rules, Separate co-occurrence expressions

Hiroshi Hanafusa; Kazuhiro Morita; Masao Fuketa; Jun-ichi Aoe

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effect of Practitioner Self-Care and Anxiety on Relationships within the Context of Organizational Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews the literature and suggests a causal model of the relationships between practitioner anxiety and effective caring practitioner-patient and practitioner-practitioner relationships within the context of organizational change through ... Keywords: Anxiety, Electronic Health Record, Health Information Technology, Healthcare System Implementation, Organizational Change, Organizational Culture, Patient Relationships, Practitioner Relationships, Relationship-centered Care

Sharie L. Falan; Juanita Manning-Walsh

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Enhancing naturalness of pen-and-tablet drawing through context sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among artists and designers, the pen-and-tablet combination is widely used for creating digital drawings, as digital pens outperform other input devices in replicating the experience of physical drawing tools. In this paper, we explore how contextual ... Keywords: context sensing, drawing, pen interface

Minghui Sun; Xiang Cao; Hyunyoung Song; Shahram Izadi; Hrvoje Benko; Francois Guimbretiere; Xiangshi Ren; Ken Hinckley

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oil Palm Research in Context: Identifying the Need for Biodiversity Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Palm Research in Context: Identifying the Need for Biodiversity Assessment Edgar C. Turner, Cambridge, United Kingdom Abstract Oil palm cultivation is frequently cited as a major threat to tropical was used to find papers on oil palm published since 1970, which were assigned to different subject

Foster, William A.

442

Environmental impact of small scale pellets boilers in the context of Belgian quality labeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental impact of small scale pellets boilers in the context of Belgian quality labeling of pellet boilers in standard laboratory and in field conditions. This part had three main targets were identified. Pollutants emissions and efficiency of a multi- fuel boiler was compared

Glineur, François

443

TRANSPORTATION CONDITIONS AND ACCESS TO SERVICES IN A CONTEXT OF URBAN SPRAWL AND DEREGULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION CONDITIONS AND ACCESS TO SERVICES IN A CONTEXT OF URBAN SPRAWL AND DEREGULATION Transports Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat Rue Maurice Audin 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin cedex France corresponding author. e-mail: pochet@entpe.fr #12;#12;1 TRANSPORTATION CONDITIONS AND ACCESS TO SERVICES

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

Information Retrieval in Context Preprint: please use official springer version for citing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Retrieval in Context Preprint: please use official springer version for citing Ian to different users or to help us make better search decisions. Keywords: Information retrieval, human computer in Information Retrieval for sev- eral decades. Recently, through initiatives such as the IIiX conference series1

St Andrews, University of

445

Modeling with Plato: the unified modeling language in a cultural context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present our experience in building and lecturing an interdisciplinary CS course aimed at teaching the Unified Modeling Language (UML) in a cultural context. Combining modeling concepts and ideas brought from philosophy and history of ... Keywords: humanistic informatics, modeling, unified modeling language (UML)

Luis de-Marcos; Fernando Flores; José-Javier Martínez

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Integration of infrastructure based positioning systems and inertial navigation for ubiquitous context-aware engineering applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents research that investigated and implemented a hybrid integrated location tracking framework that was developed by integrating infrastructure based positioning systems and inertial navigation. The authors implemented this research by ... Keywords: Context-aware applications, Facilities management, Indoor tracking, Inertial navigation, Mobile computing, Ubiquitous tracking

Manu Akula; Suyang Dong; Vineet R. Kamat; Lauro Ojeda; Adam Borrell; Johann Borenstein

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The Use of Context-Aware Policies and Ontologies to Facilitate Business-Aware Network Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of autonomic networking is to manage the business and technical complexity of networked components and systems. However, existing network management data has no link to business concepts. This makes it very difficult to ensure that services ... Keywords: Context, Ontology-based management, Policy management, Semantic reasoning

John Strassner; Sven Meer; Declan O'Sullivan; Simon Dobson

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Context-aware remote healthcare support system based on overlay network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many countries are facing an ever-growing need to supply constant care and support for their disabled and elderly populations. So the importance to remote monitoring is becoming essential for looking after them. With an environment full of smart and ... Keywords: adaptive context aware, multi-agent system, overlay networks, security, ubiquitous healthcare

Debasish Chakraborty; Hideyuki Takahashi; Takuo Suganuma; Atsushi Takeda; Gen Kitagata; Kazuo Hashimoto; Norio Shiratori

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context 1 Some references The following set of volumes is an outstanding summary of the field of High Energy Astrophysics and its relation to the rest of Astrophysics High Energy Astrophysics, Vols. 1,2 and 3. M.S. Longair, Cam- bridge University

Bicknell, Geoff

450

Bag of spatio-visual words for context inference in scene classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the ''bag of visual words (BoVW)'' representation each image is represented by an unordered set of visual words. In this paper, a novel approach to encode ordered spatial configurations of visual words in order to add context in the representation ... Keywords: Bag of spatio-visual words, Contextual descriptors, Ensembles' learning, High dimensional features' clustering, Scene classification, Spatial co-occurrence

A. Bolovinou; I. Pratikakis; S. Perantonis

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Bayesian and behavior networks for context-adaptive user interface in a ubiquitous home environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern home theater systems require users to control various devices simultaneously including a TV, audio equipment, DVD and video players, and a receiver. To perform the requested user functions in this situation, the user is required to know the functions ... Keywords: Adaptive user interface, Bayesian network, Behavior network, Context-awareness

In-Jee Song; Sung-Bae Cho

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Exploiting mobile contexts for Petri-net to generate a story in cartoons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, various personal information in daily life is stored in mobile devices with sensors. This information reflects heterogeneous aspects of personal life history. People have a tendency to record precious memories from the information in their ... Keywords: Mobile context, Petri-net, Story generation

Young-Seol Lee; Sung-Bae Cho

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The MACODO organization model for context-driven dynamic agent organizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's distributed applications such as sensor networks, mobile multimedia applications, and intelligent transportation systems pose huge engineering challenges. Such systems often comprise different components that interact with each other as peers, ... Keywords: Context, intelligent transportation systems, middleware, multiagent system, organization, role

Danny Weyns; Robrecht Haesevoets; Alexander Helleboogh

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

How much is too much in a hypertext link?: investigating context and preview -- a formative evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high quality of free movement, or mobility, is key to the accessibility, design, and usability of many 'common-use' hypermedia resources (Web sites) and key to good mobility is context and preview. This is especially the case when a hypertext anchor ... Keywords: document engineering, evaluation, hypertext, web mobility

Simon Harper; Yeliz Yesilada; Carole Goble; Robert Stevens

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Information Processing View of Organizations: An Exploratory Examination of Fit in the Context of Interorganizational Relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses Galbraith's information processing theory to examine the fit between information processing needs and information processing capability in an interorganizational supply chain context and to examine its effect on performance. Information ... Keywords: B2b, Cluster Analysis, Information Processing Capability, Information Processing Needs, Information Processing Theory, Interorganizational Systems, Strategic Fit, Supply Chain

G. Premkumar; K. Ramamurthy; Carol Stoak Saunders

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Context and profile based cascade classifier for efficient people detection and safety care system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study propose a system of extracting and tracking objects for a multimedia system and addresses how to extract the head feature from an object area. It is observed in images taken from real-time records like a video, there is always a variance in ... Keywords: Context-awareness, Feature selection, Human detection, Tracking

Kang-Dae Lee; Mi Young Nam; Kyung-Yong Chung; Young-Ho Lee; Un-Gu Kang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Fusing LIDAR, camera and semantic information: A context-based approach for pedestrian detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a context-based multisensor system, applied to pedestrian detection in urban environments, is presented. The proposed system comprises three main processing modules: (i) a LIDAR-based module acting as the primary object detector, (ii) a ... Keywords: Sensor fusion, computer vision, field and service robotics, field robots, range sensing, recognition, sensing and perception

Cristiano Premebida, Urbano Nunes

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections  

SciTech Connect

Energy Information Administration (EIA) quarterly forecasts of short-term energy supply, demand, and prices are revised in February, May, August, and November for publication in the Short-Term Energy Outlook, quarterly projections. Methodology volumes, which are published with the May and November issues, contain descriptions of the forecasting system and detailed analyses of the current issues that affect EIA's short-term energy forecasts. The forecasts are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). Two principal driving variables are used in the STIFS model: the macroeconomic forecast and the world oil price assumptions. The macroeconomic forecasts, which are produced by Data Resources, Inc., (DRI), are adjusted by EIA in cases where EIA projections of the world price of crude oil differ from DRI estimates. EIA's Oil Market Simulation Model is used to project the world oil prices. The three projections for petroleum supply and demand are based on low, medium, and high economic growth scenarios which incorporate high, medium, and low crude oil price trajectories. In general, the following discussion of the forecast refers to the medium, or base case, scenario. Total petroleum consumption sensitivities, using varying assumptions about the level of price, weather, and economic activity are tabulated.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A gravity term from spontaneous symmetry breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this model, the gravity term in the Lagrangean comes from spontaneous symmetry breaking of an additional scalar quadruplet field $\\Upsilon$. The resulting gravitational field is approximate to one of the models of coframe gravity with parameters $\\rho_1 + 4 \\rho_2 = 0$, $\\rho_3 = 0$. This article includes an exact solution of coframe gravity with model parameters $\\rho_1 \

Mihai Moise

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

460

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The forecasts were generated by simulation of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System. 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 Avg.02-07 07-08 08-09 % Change Natural Gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOE/EIA-0202(84/1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1Q) 1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections February 1984 Published: March 1984 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt- .ort- iort- iort- .iort- iort- lort- Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term Term Term .-Term -Term uergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term' Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

462

passive data structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of passive data structure, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. passive data structure. (data structure). ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD PON-11-609  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXHIBIT C TERMS AND CONDITIONS AWARD PON-11-609 #12;i 46B TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTSU ............................................................................... 24 #12;General Grant Terms and Conditions Rev. January 10, 2012 1 TERMS AND CONDITIONS 1. 0BGrant Awards. This Agreement is comprised of the grant funding award, the Terms and Conditions, and all

464

Life beyond infection : home-based pastoral care to people with HIV-positive status within a context of poverty.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The basic premise of this study is that the congregation is the key to providing homebased pastoral care support to HIV-positive people in poor contexts.… (more)

Magezi, Vhumani

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

DOE/EIA-0202(88/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8/1Q) 8/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections January 1988 .m erm Term t-Term rt-Term jrt-Term ort-Term ion-Term ion-Term tort-Term jort-Term ion-Term ort-Term ore-Term rt-Term 't-Term -Term Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy "^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook ~">Mook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

466

Protein structure classification by structural transformatio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protein structure classification plays an important role in understanding the relationships among structure and sequence. Recently, as the number of known protein structure are increasing steeply, automatic classification is highly required. This paper ... Keywords: Brookhaven Protein Data Bank, automatic classification, molecular biophysics, primitive operations, protein folds, protein structure classification, secondary structural elements, sequence, structural transformation

T. Ohkawa; D. Namihira; N. Komoda; A. Kidera; H. Nakamura

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

BWR Source Term Generation and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This calculation is a revision of a previous calculation (Ref. 7.5) that bears the same title and has the document identifier BBAC00000-01717-0210-00006 REV 01. The purpose of this revision is to remove TBV (to-be-verified) -41 10 associated with the output files of the previous version (Ref. 7.30). The purpose of this and the previous calculation is to generate source terms for a representative boiling water reactor (BWR) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) assembly for the first one million years after the SNF is discharged from the reactors. This calculation includes an examination of several ways to represent BWR assemblies and operating conditions in SAS2H in order to quantify the effects these representations may have on source terms. These source terms provide information characterizing the neutron and gamma spectra in particles per second, the decay heat in watts, and radionuclide inventories in curies. Source terms are generated for a range of burnups and enrichments (see Table 2) that are representative of the waste stream and stainless steel (SS) clad assemblies. During this revision, it was determined that the burnups used for the computer runs of the previous revision were actually about 1.7% less than the stated, or nominal, burnups. See Section 6.6 for a discussion of how to account for this effect before using any source terms from this calculation. The source term due to the activation of corrosion products deposited on the surfaces of the assembly from the coolant is also calculated. The results of this calculation support many areas of the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR), which include thermal evaluation, radiation dose determination, radiological safety analyses, surface and subsurface facility designs, and total system performance assessment. This includes MGR items classified as Quality Level 1, for example, the Uncanistered Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Container (Ref. 7.27, page 7). Therefore, this calculation is subject to the requirements of the Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (Ref. 7.28). The performance of the calculation and development of this document are carried out in accordance with AP-3.124, ''Design Calculation and Analyses'' (Ref. 7.29).

J.C. Ryman

2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 The report is intended to help assess and establish the technical basis for extended long-term storage and transportation of used nuclear fuel. It provides: 1) an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927; 2) definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms; 3) TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs; and 4) AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs

469

Topological terms and the global symplectic geometry of the phase space in string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using an imbedding supported background tensor approach for the differential geometry of an imbedded surface in an arbitrary background, we show that the topological terms associated with the inner and outer curvature scalars of the string worldsheet, have a dramatic effect on the global symplectic geometry of the phase space of the theory. By identifying the global symplectic potential of each Lagrangian term in the string action as the argument of the corresponding pure divergence term in a variational principle, we show that those topological terms contribute explicitly to the symplectic potential of any action describing strings, without modifying the string dynamics and the phase space itself. The variation (the exterior derivative on the phase space) of the symplectic potential generates the integral kernel of a covariant and gauge invariant symplectic structure for the theory, changing thus the global symplectic geometry of the phase space. Similar results for non-Abelian gauge theories and General Relativity are briefly discussed

R. Cartas-Fuentevilla

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites presents a comprehensive knowledge-set of matrix, fiber and interphase behavior under long-term aging conditions, theoretical modeling and experimental methods.This bookcovers long-term constituent ...

Kishore V. Pochiraju; Gyaneshwar P. Tandon; Gregory A. Schoeppner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Constrained Standard Model: Effects of Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms Riccardo Barbieri a ,E?ects of Fayet-Iliopoulos Terms arXiv:hep-ph/0110102v1 7divergent Fayet-Iliopoulos term was found at one loop in

Barbieri, Riccardo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Glossary of Energy Related Terms | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Glossary of Energy Related Terms Glossary of Energy Related Terms August 20, 2013 - 9:20am Addthis Here you'll find a glossary of energy-related terms. A | B | C | D | E | F | G |...

473

Source term characterization for SNM pit storage facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to properly design a mobile system to validate and verify the presence of special nuclear materials for non-proliferation and safeguards applications, accurate modeling of source materials is imperative. In this work, models were developed for use in design assessments based on an AL-R8 SNM standardized container specification to determine the radioactive signatures for both highly enriched uranium (HEU) and weapons plutonium (WGPu) special nuclear materials (SNM) housed in the containers. Intrinsic gamma boundary leakage currents were evaluated for this system, performed using 3D fixed-source deterministic SN photon transport (PENTRAN) as well as with stochastic Monte Carlo methods (MCNP5). Group-dependent leakage radiation terms were calculated at two 'source box' interfaces within the models, one directly surrounding the SNM source, and one immediately surrounding the canister. Analysis showed good agreement between the two models for energy groups of interest, based on a 24 group gamma library established for HEU and WGPu gamma signatures of interest. Intrinsic and neutron induced gamma leakage was determined using Monte Carlo calculations, and the combined gamma signatures were then treated as a net gamma leakage to be used in subsequent photon transport calculations. Neutron leakage based on the BUGLE-96 47 group structure was determined using Monte Carlo calculations for the WGPu canisters. These results will be used to evaluate the source term from stored nuclear materials and augment our efforts to design a detection system to validate the presence of these materials for safeguards purposes. (authors)

Chin, M.; Paul, J.; Sjoden, G. [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Program, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Inst. of Technology, 770 State St, Atlanta, GA 30332-0745 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Glossary Term - Van de Graaff Generator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uranus Uranus Previous Term (Uranus) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Vanadis) Vanadis Van de Graaff Generator A Van de Graaff generator discharges to a grounded metal sphere. A Van de Graaff generator is a device used to create a high voltage static charge. In this Van de Graaff generator, an electric motor pulls a latex belt over a felt covered pulley. Electrons are transferred from the felt to the belt as the belt pulls away from the pulley. The electrons ride the belt to the upper dome, where a pick-up wire transfers them from the belt to the dome. Each electron carries a negative charge and, since like charges repel, the electrons on the dome attempt to get as far away from each other as possible. At some point, too many electrons are placed on the dome. When this occurs the electrons attempt to reach the earth by leaping

475

Centre de Referència en Economia Analítica Barcelona Economics Working Paper Series Working Paper nº 185 Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow Short Term?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barcelona Economics WP nº 185 We argue that emerging economies borrow short term due to the high risk premium charged by international capital markets on long-term debt. First, we present a model where the debt maturity structure is the outcome of a risk sharing problem between the government and bondholders. By issuing long-term debt, the government lowers the probability of a liquidity crisis, transferring risk to bondholders. In equilibrium, this risk is reflected in a higher risk premium and borrowing cost. Therefore, the government faces a trade-off between safer long-term borrowing and cheaper short-term debt. Second, we construct a new database of sovereign bond prices and issuance. We show that emerging economies pay a positive term premium (a higher risk premium on long-term bonds than on short-term bonds). During crises, the term premium increases, with issuance shifting toward shorter maturities. This suggests that changes in

O A. Broner; Guido Lorenzoni; Sergio L. Schmukler

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Microsoft Word - National Policy AssurancesAwardTermsREVJuly2005...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Word - National Policy AssurancesAwardTermsREVJuly2005.doc Microsoft Word - National Policy AssurancesAwardTermsREVJuly2005.doc More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word -...

477

Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance at Rocky Flats: Early...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at Rocky Flats: Early Experiences and Lessons Learned Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance at Rocky Flats: Early Experiences and Lessons Learned Long-Term Surveillance and...

478

Los Alamos National Laboratory announces strategy for long-term...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strategy for long-term environmental sustainability Los Alamos National Laboratory announces strategy for long-term environmental sustainability Provides a blueprint for protecting...

479

Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

480

Long-term Preservation and Management of Electronic Health ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term Data Preservation and Management of Electronic Health Records. ... Long-term Data Preservation and Management of EHRs Fact Sheet.

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "term context structural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earth's Crust Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Alpha Decay) Alpha Decay 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe...

482

Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Earth's Crust Previous Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Universe) 10 Most Abundant...

483

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power Title Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar...

484

Probabilistic Assessment of Long-Term Vault Durability in ...  

Probabilistic Forecast (GoldSim software) Short-term effect Long-term rate Failure time Results Vault thickness Sulfate attack depth Hypothetical ...

485

Airfoil structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally "C" configuration of the airfoil. The generally "C" configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion.

Frey, Gary A. (Poway, CA); Twardochleb, Christopher Z. (Alpine, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Airfoil structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally ``C`` configuration of the airfoil. The generally ``C`` configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion. 6 figs.

Frey, G.A.; Twardochleb, C.Z.

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

487

Preliminary long-term stability criteria for compressed air energy storage caverns in salt domes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Air storage caverns, which are an essential and integral component of a CAES plant, should be designed and operated so as to perform satisfactorily over the intended life of the overall facility. It follows that the long-term ''stability'' of air storage caverns must be considered as a primary concern in projecting the satisfactory operation of CAES facilities. As used in the report, ''stability'' of a storage cavern implies the extent to which an acceptable amount of cavern storage volume can be utilized with routine maintenance for a specified time interval, e.g., 35 years. In this context, cavern stability is relative to both planned utilization and time interval of operation. The objective of the study was to review the existing literature and consult knowledgeable workers in the storage industry, and then report state-of-the-art findings relative to long-term stability of compressed air energy storage caverns in salt domes. Further, preliminary cavern stability criteria were to be presented in a form consistent with the amount of information available on cavern performance in salt domes. Another objective of the study was to outline a methodology for determining the long-term stability of site-specific CAES cavern systems in salt domes.

Thoms, R.L.; Martinez, J.D.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

DOE/EIA-0202(84/2QH Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2QH 2QH Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections May 1984 Published: June 1984 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt .ort lort .iort .iort- iort- iort- '.ort- ort- .m .erm Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term i-Term rTerm -Term xrm uergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Tern Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

489

DOE/EIA-0202(85/2Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2Q) 2Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook amm Quarterly Projections April 1985 Published: May 1985 Energy Information Administration Washington, D C t rt jrt .ort lort .iort iort iort lort '.ort ort .erm -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term xrm nergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

490

Long-term vs. Short-term Contracts; A European perspective on natural gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyses the economics of long-term gas contracts under changing institutional conditions, mainly gas sector liberalisation. The paper is motivated by the increasingly tense debate in continental Europe, UK and the US on the security...

Neuhoff, Karsten; von Hirschhausen, Christian

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

491

Estimation of Long-Term Climate Information at Locations with Short-Term Data Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate mapping of climate has widespread interest and benefit and depends on the availability of long-term data. Accuracy increases with the amount of data, but, often, insufficient data exist for the desired accuracy. To produce accurate ...

John Sansom; Andrew Tait

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Present, Mid-Term, and Long-Term Supply Curves for Tellurium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For calculating the material intensity (I A ) and W p cost, it is assumed that the long-term thickness (d) is 1.0 micron, the Te utilization (U A ) is 90%, the CdTe density is...

493

Out on the town: A socio-physical approach to the design of a context-aware urban guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As urban environments become increasingly hybridized, mixing the social, built, and digital in interesting ways, designing for computing in the city presents new challenges—how do we understand such hybridization, and then respond to it as designers? ... Keywords: Pervasive computing, conceptual framework, field evaluation, field study, physical context, prototype design, social context, urban environment

Jeni Paay; Jesper Kjeldskov; Steve Howard; Bharat Dave

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Context-aware Battery Management for Mobile Phones Nishkam Ravi, James Scott**, Lu Han* and Liviu Iftode*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context-aware Battery Management for Mobile Phones Nishkam Ravi, James Scott**, Lu Han* and Liviu,iftode}@cs.rutgers.edu} Abstract In this paper, we propose a system for context- aware battery management that warns the user when it detects that the phone battery can run out before the next charging opportunity is encountered

Iftode, Liviu

495

Review: Reinforcement learning for context awareness and intelligence in wireless networks: Review, new features and open issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless networks, context awareness and intelligence are capabilities that enable each host to observe, learn, and respond to its complex and dynamic operating environment in an efficient manner. These capabilities contrast with traditional approaches ... Keywords: Cognitive radio networks, Context awareness, Intelligence, Mobile ad hoc networks, Reinforcement learning, Wireless networks, Wireless sensor networks

Kok-Lim Alvin Yau; Peter Komisarczuk; Paul D. Teal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Animation de mod`eles UML -Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Animation de mod`eles UML - Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids Rachida Seghiri T'arriv´ee des Smartgrids dans le domaine ´electrique apporte de profonds changements au sein des Syst`emes d, nous ´etayons cet ´etat de l'art par la simulation d'un cas m´etier illustratif des Smartgrids en

497

Projective Structures in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projective structures have successfully been used for the construction of measures in the framework of loop quantum gravity. In the present paper we establish such a structure for the space $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$ recently constructed in the context of homogeneous isotropic loop quantum cosmology. This space has the advantage to be canonically embedded into the quantum configuration space of the full theory, but, in contrast to the traditional space $R_Bohr$, there exists no Haar measure on $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$. The introduced projective structure, however, allows to construct a family of canonical measures on $R \\sqcup R_Bohr$ whose corresponding Hilbert spaces of square integrable functions we finally investigate.

Maximilian Hanusch

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

498

Short-Term Climatic Variability of the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The circulation of the Arctic atmosphere undergoes large fluctuations about its monthly and annual means. The statistics of Arctic sea level pressure and temperature are evaluated in order to place Arctic atmospheric variability into the context ...

John E. Walsh; William L. Chapman

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Reanalyses Suitable for Characterizing Long-Term Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reanalyses are, by a substantial margin, the most utilized climate data products, and they are applied in a myriad of different contexts. Despite their popularity, there are substantial concerns about their suitability for the monitoring of long-...

P. W. Thorne; R. S. Vose

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis" Independent Statistics & Analysis" ,"U.S. Energy Information Administration" ,"Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures, December 2013" ,"U.S. Prices" ,,"West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Crude Oil Price" ,,"U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"U.S. Diesel Fuel and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Price" ,,"U.S. Natural Gas Prices" ,"World Liquid Fuels" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Production and Consumption Balance" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages Among OPEC Producers" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Disruptions Among non-OPEC Producers" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption Growth"