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1

EVALUATION OF TEMPORAL VARIATIONS IN HYDRAULIC CAPTURE DUE TO CHANGING FLOW PATTERNS USING MAPPING AND MODELING TECHNIQUES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Robust performance evaluation represents one of the most challenging aspects of groundwater pump-and-treat (P&T) remedy implementation. In most cases, the primary goal of the P&T system is hydraulic containment, and ultimately recovery, of contaminants to protect downgradient receptors. Estimating the extent of hydraulic containment is particularly challenging under changing flow patterns due to variable pumping, boundaries and/or other conditions. We present a systematic approach to estimate hydraulic containment using multiple lines of evidence based on (a) water-level mapping and (b) groundwater modeling. Capture Frequency Maps (CFMs) are developed by particle tracking on water-level maps developed for each available water level data set using universal kriging. In a similar manner, Capture Efficiency Maps (CEMs) are developed by particle tracking on water-levels calculated using a transient groundwater flow model: tracking is undertaken independently for each stress period using a very low effective porosity, depicting the 'instantaneous' fate of each particle each stress period. Although conceptually similar, the two methods differ in their underlying assumptions and their limitations: their use together identifies areas where containment may be reliable (i.e., where the methods are in agreement) and where containment is uncertain (typically, where the methods disagree). A field-scale example is presented to illustrate these concepts.

SPILIOTOPOULOS AA; SWANSON LC; SHANNON R; TONKIN MJ

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

2

Temporal variations of the rotation rate in the solar interior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The temporal variations of the rotation rate in the solar interior are studied using frequency splittings from Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) data obtained during the period 1995-99. We find alternating latitudinal bands of faster and slower rotation which appear to move towards the equator with time - similar to the torsional oscillations seen at the solar surface. This flow pattern appears to persist to a depth of about 0.1R_sun and in this region its magnitude is well correlated with solar activity indices. We do not find any periodic or systematic changes in the rotation rate near the base of the convection zone.

H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

3

TEMPORAL VARIATIONS OF FRACTURE DIRECTIONS AND FRACTURE DENSITIES...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TEMPORAL VARIATIONS OF FRACTURE DIRECTIONS AND FRACTURE DENSITIES IN THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD FROM ANALYSES OF SHEAR-WAVE SPLITTING Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

4

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...

5

Solar cycle variations of large scale flows in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using data from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), we study the large-scale velocity fields in the outer part of the solar convection zone using the ring diagram technique. We use observations from four different times to study possible temporal variations in flow velocity. We find definite changes in both the zonal and meridional components of the flows. The amplitude of the zonal flow appears to increase with solar activity and the flow pattern also shifts towards lower latitude with time.

Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

2000-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

6

REVISITING THE SOLAR TACHOCLINE: AVERAGE PROPERTIES AND TEMPORAL VARIATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tachocline is believed to be the region where the solar dynamo operates. With over a solar cycle's worth of data available from the Michelson Doppler Imager and Global Oscillation Network Group instruments, we are in a position to investigate not merely the average structure of the solar tachocline, but also its time variations. We determine the properties of the tachocline as a function of time by fitting a two-dimensional model that takes latitudinal variations of the tachocline properties into account. We confirm that if we consider the central position of the tachocline, it is prolate. Our results show that the tachocline is thicker at latitudes higher than the equator, making the overall shape of the tachocline more complex. Of the tachocline properties examined, the transition of the rotation rate across the tachocline, and to some extent the position of the tachocline, show some temporal variations.

Antia, H. M. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Basu, Sarbani, E-mail: antia@tifr.res.in, E-mail: sarbani.basu@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

7

Temporal variations of solar rotation rate at high latitudes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frequency splitting coefficients from Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) and Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) observations covering the period 1995--2001 are used to study temporal variations in the solar rotation rate at high latitudes. The torsional oscillation pattern in the Sun is known to penetrate to a depth of about $0.1R_\\odot$ with alternate bands of faster and slower rotating plasma. At lower latitudes the bands move towards equator with time. At higher latitudes, however, the bands appear to move towards the poles. This is similar to the observed pole-ward movement of large scale magnetic fields at high latitudes. This also supports theoretical results of pole-ward moving bands at high latitudes in some mean field dynamo models. The polar rotation rate is found to decrease between 1995 and 1999 after which it has started increasing.

H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

8

An integrated experimental and numerical study: Developing a reaction transport model that couples chemical reactions of mineral dissolution/precipitation with spatial and temporal flow variations in CO2/brine/rock systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Generate and characterize mineral dissolution/precipitation reactions in supercritical CO2/brine/rock systems under pressure-temperature-chemistry conditions resembling CO2injection into EGS. Characterize three-dimensional spatial and temporal distributions of rock structures subject to mineral dissolution/precipitation processes by X-ray tomography, SEM imaging, and Microprobe analysis.

9

A study of possible temporal and latitudinal variations in the properties of the solar tachocline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal variations of the structure and the rotation rate of the solar tachocline region are studied using helioseismic data from the Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) and the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) obtained during the period 1995--2000. We do not find any significant temporal variation in the depth of the convection zone, the position of the tachocline or the extent of overshoot below the convection zone. No systematic variation in any other properties of the tachocline, like width, etc., is found either. Possibility of periodic variations in these properties is also investigated. Time-averaged results show that the tachocline is prolate with a variation by about 0.02R_sun in its position. The depth of the convection zone or the extent of overshoot does not show any significant variation with latitude.

Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

2001-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

International Association for Ecology Temporal Mechanisms Influencing Gender Expression and Pollen Flow within a Self-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow within a Self- Incompatible Perennial, Amianthium muscaetoxicum (Liliaceae) Author(s): Mary Palmer- cies. The roles of such temporal effects in self-incompatible specieshave not beenexaminedwith-Verlag1989 Temporalmechanismsinfluencinggenderexpression and pollen flow withina self

Antonovics, Janis

11

Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variational principle for optimal accelerated neutralized flow A. Fruchtman Holon Academic Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb Street, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102, Israel N. J. Fisch Princeton Plasma

12

Spatial and temporal variation in fruit use by wildlife in a forested landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial and temporal variation in fruit use by wildlife in a forested landscape John P. Mc of fruit from 22 common plant species over 2 years in five habitats of a managed landscape in South Carolina (USA). Our long-term goal is to determine the importance of fruit as a resource for vertebrates

McCarty, John P.

13

Analyzing the temporal variation of wind turbine responses using Gaussian Mixture Model and Gaussian Discriminant Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Analyzing the temporal variation of wind turbine responses using Gaussian Mixture Model characteristics have a significant impact on the structural response and the lifespan of wind turbines. This paper presents a machine learning approach towards analyzing and predicting the response of a wind turbine

Stanford University

14

Temporal integration of focus position signal during compensation for pursuit in optic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal integration of focus position signal during compensation for pursuit in optic flow Center in optic flow that specifies heading. Concurrent smooth pursuit causes distortion of the retinal flow on optic flow perception has received little attention. Here we separated the effects of velocity and gaze

Krekelberg, Bart

15

Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite, radiometric, and station data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia #12;2 Abstract1 Temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia are studied for 2000-20102 using satellite and ground-based Aerosol Optical

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

16

Temporal variations in space-time and progenitors of gamma ray burst and millisecond pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A time varying space-time metric is shown to be a source of electromagnetic radiation. The post-Newtonian approximation is used as a realistic model of the connection between the space-time metric and a time varying gravitational potential. Large temporal variations in the metric from the coalescence of colliding black holes and neutron stars are shown to be possible progenitors of gamma ray burst and millisecond pulsars.

Preston Jones

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Spatial and temporal climate variations influencing medium-range temperature predictions over south-central European Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL CLIMATE VARIATIONS INFLUENCING MEDIUM-RANGE TEMPERATURE PREDICTIONS OVER SOUTH-CENTRAL EUROPEAN RUSSIA A Thesis by JEFFREY EDWARD JOHNSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject: Meteorology SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL CLIMATE VARIATIONS INFLUENCING MEDIUM-RANGE TEMPERATURE PREDICTIONS OVER SOUTH-CENTRAL EUROPEAN RUSSIA A Thesis JEFFREY EDWARD...

Johnson, Jeffrey Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

{sup 222}Rn in water: A comparison of two sample collection methods and two sample transport methods, and the determination of temporal variation in North Carolina ground water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objectives of this field experiment were: (1) determine whether there was a statistically significant difference between the radon concentrations of samples collected by EPA`s standard method, using a syringe, and an alternative, slow-flow method; (2) determine whether there was a statistically significant difference between the measured radon concentrations of samples mailed vs samples not mailed; and (3) determine whether there was a temporal variation of water radon concentration over a 7-month period. The field experiment was conducted at 9 sites, 5 private wells, and 4 public wells, at various locations in North Carolina. Results showed that a syringe is not necessary for sample collection, there was generally no significant radon loss due to mailing samples, and there was statistically significant evidence of temporal variations in water radon concentrations.

Hightower, J.H. III [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences and Engineering] [North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences and Engineering

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

19

DDT in Mytilus edulis: Spatio-temporal variations in the Punta Banda estuary, Baja California, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mussel Mytilus sp. has been widely used as a sentinel organism or biological indicator of organic pollutants in the marine environment. In studies recently carried out in Baja California, Mexico, it was found that the spatial and temporal variations of DDT in samples of the mussel Mytilus californianus collected from the area exposed to the ocean do not follow a defined pattern and that the highest values of DDT are found at the border with the US. The Maneadero Valley in Baja California, Mexico, is an agricultural area where important volumes of pesticides are applied, part of which are transported to the Punta Banda Estuary where they remain for an undetermined period of time during which they are consumed and bioaccumulated by organisms. The main objective of the present work is to determine the levels and temporal variation of DDT in the mussel Mytilus edulis in the Punta Banda Estuary, Baja California. With the results, the authors will define the dynamics of this pollutant in the estuary.

Galindo-Bect, M.S.; Flores-Baez, B.P. (Univ. Autonoma de Baja California, Ensenada (Mexico))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Simulations of Turbulent Flows with Strong Shocks and Density Variations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we present the research efforts made by our group at UCLA in the SciDAC project ���¢��������Simulations of turbulent flows with strong shocks and density variations���¢�������. We use shock-fitting methodologies as an alternative to shock-capturing schemes for the problems where a well defined shock is present. In past five years, we have focused on development of high-order shock-fitting Navier-Stokes solvers for perfect gas flow and thermochemical non-equilibrium flow and simulation of shock-turbulence interaction physics for very strong shocks. Such simulation has not been possible before because the limitation of conventional shock capturing methods. The limitation of shock Mach number is removed by using our high-order shock-fitting scheme. With the help of DOE and TeraGrid/XSEDE super computing resources, we have obtained new results which show new trends of turbulence statistics behind the shock which were not known before. Moreover, we are also developing tools to consider multi-species non-equilibrium flows. The main results are in three areas: (1) development of high-order shock-fitting scheme for perfect gas flow, (2) Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of interaction of realistic turbulence with moderate to very strong shocks using super computing resources, and (3) development and implementation of models for computation of mutli-species non-quilibrium flows with shock-fitting codes.

Zhong, Xiaolin

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Bois B., Wald L., Pieri P., Van Leeuwen C., Commagnac L., Chery Ph., Christen M., Gaudillre J.-P., Saur E., Estimating spatial and temporal variations in solar radiation within bordeaux winegrowing region using remotely  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.-P., Saur E., Estimating spatial and temporal variations in solar radiation within bordeaux winegrowing-25, 2008. ESTIMATING SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATIONS IN SOLAR RADIATION WITHIN BORDEAUX WINEGROWING REGION presents a study solar radiation spatial and temporal variations in Bordeaux winegrowing area, for a 20

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

22

Temporal Entropy Generation in the Viscous Layers of Laterally-converging Duct Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since insight into entropy generation is a key to increasing efficiency and thereby reducing fuel consumption and/or waste and -- for wall-bounded flows -- most entropy is generated in the viscous layer, we examine the transient behavior of its dominant contributor there for a non-canonical flow. New measurements in oil flow are presented for the effects of favorable streamwise mean pressure gradients on temporal entropy generation rates and, in the process, on key Reynolds-stress-producing events such as sweep front passage and on the deceleration/outflow phase of the overall bursting process. Two extremes have been considered: (1) a high pressure gradient, nearing "laminarization," and (2), for comparison, a low pressure gradient corresponding to many earlier experiments. In both cases, the peak temporal entropy generation rate occurs shortly after passage of the ejection/sweep interface. Whether sweep and ejection rates appear to decrease or increase with the pressure gradient depends on the feature examined and the manner of sampling. When compared using wall coordinates for velocities, distances and time, the trends and magnitudes of the transient behaviors are mostly the same. The main effects of the higher pressure gradient are (1) changes in the time lag between detections -- representing modification of the shape of the sweep front and the sweep angle with the wall, (2) modification of the magnitude of an instantaneous Reynolds shear stress with wall distance and (3) enlarging the sweeps and ejections. Results new for both low and high pressure gradients are the temporal behaviors of the dominant contribution to entropy generation; it is found to be much more sensitive to distance from the wall than to streamwise pressure gradient.

Donald M. McEligot; Robert S. Brodkey; Helmut Eckelmann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

An analysis of spatial and temporal variation in fecal indicator concentrations in Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study used extensive measurements of indicator concentrations to describe spatial and temporal patterns of four fecal indicators: E. coli, enterococci, total coliform, and human factor. Twenty twelve-hour time series ...

Shin, Suejung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Temporal and spatial variation in methyl bromide emissions from a salt marsh   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methyl bromide (CH3Br) is a trace gas involved in stratospheric ozone depletion with both anthropogenic and natural sources. Estimates of natural source strengths are highly uncertain. In this study, >320 highly temporally ...

Drewer, Julia; Heal, Mathew R; Heal, Kate V; Smith, Keith A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Three-dimensional instabilities in a discretely heated annular flow: Onset of spatio-temporal complexity via defect dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Interest in natural convection in enclosures has a long history,1 motivated by both relevanceThree-dimensional instabilities in a discretely heated annular flow: Onset of spatio- temporal of the flow in an annular rotor-stator cavity Phys. Fluids 21, 064106 (2009); 10.1063/1.3156859 Stability

Marques, Francisco

26

Model for the spatio-temporal intermittency of the energy dissipation in turbulent flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling the intermittent behavior of turbulent energy dissipation processes both in space and time is often a relevant problem when dealing with phenomena occurring in high Reynolds number flows, especially in astrophysical and space fluids. In this paper, a dynamical model is proposed to describe the spatio-temporal intermittency of energy dissipation rate in a turbulent system. This is done by using a shell model to simulate the turbulent cascade and introducing some heuristic rules, partly inspired by the well known $p$-model, to construct a spatial structure of the energy dissipation rate. In order to validate the model and to study its spatially intermittency properties, a series of numerical simulations have been performed. These show that the level of spatial intermittency of the system can be simply tuned by varying a single parameter of the model and that scaling laws in agreement with those obtained from experiments on fully turbulent hydrodynamic flows can be recovered. It is finally suggested that the model could represent a useful tool to simulate the spatio-temporal intermittency of turbulent energy dissipation in those high Reynolds number astrophysical fluids where impulsive energy release processes can be associated to the dynamics of the turbulent cascade.

Fabio Lepreti; Vincenzo Carbone; Pierluigi Veltri

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

27

Temporal Variations in the Effective Reproduction Number of the 2014 West Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the individual, regional, and national levels. Methods to provide real-time assessment of changing transmission Authors Sherry Towers Oscar Patterson-Lomba Carlos Castillo-Chavez Temporal Varia,ons in the Effec or the recently deceased, and the disease is particularly prone to transmission in unprotected homecare settings

28

Robustness of spectro-temporal features against intrinsic and extrinsic variations in automatic speech recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨t Oldenburg, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany Abstract The effect of bio-inspired spectro-temporal processing- nition (ASR) is most drastically encountered in adverse acoustic conditions and prohibits ASR technology unknown clean speech is to be recognized. Intrinsic factors such as gender, speaking rate and style

Meyer, Bernd T.

29

Temporal and spatial variation of particulate matter and chlorophyll in the Arabian Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of approximately 6. 2 * 106 kmz (Burkhill et al. , 1993). Although this makes the Arabian Sea one of the smallest ocean basins in the world, it exhibits tremendous spatial and temporal heterogeneity. The basin contains regions characterized as oligotrophic... by Jerlov (1976) as c=a+b where c, a and b are the attenuation, absorption and scattering coefficients, respectively. The light transmission values (Tr) are dependent upon the pathlength (r) and the attenuation coefficient (c) giving; Tf ? e-cr For a...

Gundersen, Jan Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

30

Using Euler-Lagrange Variational Principle to Obtain Flow Relations for Generalized Newtonian Fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Euler-Lagrange variational principle is used to obtain analytical and numerical flow relations in cylindrical tubes. The method is based on minimizing the total stress in the flow duct using the fluid constitutive relation between stress and rate of strain. Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid models; which include power law, Bingham, Herschel-Bulkley, Carreau and Cross; are used for demonstration.

Taha Sochi

2013-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

31

Toposcale analyses of the temporal variations in the vertical distribution of moist-term refractivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF FIGURES Figure Page Map showing location of Hanford Reservation, Hanford, Washington. 9 Variation in M as a function of Tw. . . . . . . 19 Surface isobaric and 700-mb analysis, 0400 PST, 13 August 1959. 24 Sounding for Reservation, 2115 PST, 13... direction and the 1/4- to 32-m mean wind speed for 24-hr period beginning 1900 PST, 11 August 1959. 41 Sounding for Hanford Reservation, 2330 PST, 11 August 1959. 43 14 Gradients of M and N for 16- to 32-m layer from 1900 PST, 11 August 1959 to 1900...

Shumbera, August Leo, Jr

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

Detection of embedded radiation sources using temporal variation of gamma spectral data.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional full spectrum gamma spectroscopic analysis has the objective of quantitative identification of all the isotopes present in a measurement. For low energy resolution detectors, when photopeaks alone are not sufficient for complete isotopic identification, such analysis requires template spectra for all the isotopes present in the measurement. When many isotopes are present it is difficult to make the correct identification and this process often requires many trial solutions by highly skilled spectroscopists. This report investigates the potential of a new analysis method which uses spatial/temporal information from multiple low energy resolution measurements to test the hypothesis of the presence of a target spectrum of interest in these measurements without the need to identify all the other isotopes present. This method is referred to as targeted principal component analysis (TPCA). For radiation portal monitor applications, multiple measurements of gamma spectra are taken at equally spaced time increments as a vehicle passes through the portal and the TPCA method is directly applicable to this type of measurement. In this report we describe the method and investigate its application to the problem of detection of a radioactive localized source that is embedded in a distributed source in the presence of an ambient background. Examples using simulated spectral measurements indicate that this method works very well and has the potential for automated analysis for RPM applications. This method is also expected to work well for isotopic detection in the presence of spectrally and spatially varying backgrounds as a result of vehicle-induced background suppression. Further work is needed to include effects of shielding, to understand detection limits, setting of thresholds, and to estimate false positive probability.

Shokair, Isaac R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

HYDRODYNAMIC AND RADIATIVE MODELING OF TEMPORAL H{alpha} EMISSION V/R VARIATIONS CAUSED BY DISCONTINUOUS MASS TRANSFER IN BINARIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

H{alpha} emission V/R variations caused by discontinuous mass transfer in interacting binaries with a rapidly rotating accreting star are modeled qualitatively for the first time. The program ZEUS-MP was used to create a non-linear three-dimensional hydrodynamical model of a development of a blob of gaseous material injected into an orbit around a star. It resulted in the formation of an elongated disk with a slow prograde revolution. The LTE radiative transfer program SHELLSPEC was used to calculate the H{alpha} profiles originating in the disk for several phases of its revolution. The profiles have the form of a double emission and exhibit V/R and radial velocity variations. However, these variations should be a temporal phenomenon since imposing a viscosity in the given model would lead to a circularization of the disk and fading-out of the given variations.

Chadima, Pavel; Harmanec, Petr; Wolf, Marek [Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holesovickach 2, CZ-180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Firt, Roman [Mathematical Institute, University of Bayreuth, D-95447 Bayreuth (Germany); Ruzdjak, Domagoj; Bozic, Hrvoje [Hvar Observatory, Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Koubsky, Pavel, E-mail: pavel.chadima@gmail.com [Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, CZ-251 65 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Spatial and temporal analysis and experiments of annular two-phase flow under microgravity conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, sounding rockets, the Shuttle or the future Space Station. Under zero-g conditions the time average base state geometry of gas-liquid flow in cylindrical channels should be axisymmetric (as in vertical flow on Earth) because buoyancy does not act.../16/86. 62 23 Experimental set-up of 1987. 24 Experimental set-up of 1990. 65 66 25 Different flow conditions for the 1987 flights, from top to bottom: wavy turbulent, two bubbles touching each other or annular, wavy turbulent- laminar, slug flow. . 67...

Carron, Igor

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Surface tension of multi-phase flow with multiple junctions governed by the variational principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore a computational model of an incompressible fluid with a multi-phase field in three-dimensional Euclidean space. By investigating an incompressible fluid with a two-phase field geometrically, we reformulate the expression of the surface tension for the two-phase field found by Lafaurie, Nardone, Scardovelli, Zaleski and Zanetti (J. Comp. Phys. \\vol{113} \\yr{1994} \\pages{134-147}) as a variational problem related to an infinite dimensional Lie group, the volume-preserving diffeomorphism. The variational principle to the action integral with the surface energy reproduces their Euler equation of the two-phase field with the surface tension. Since the surface energy of multiple interfaces even with singularities is not difficult to be evaluated in general and the variational formulation works for every action integral, the new formulation enables us to extend their expression to that of a multi-phase ($N$-phase, $N\\ge2$) flow and to obtain a novel Euler equation with the surface tension of the multi-phase field. The obtained Euler equation governs the equation of motion of the multi-phase field with different surface tension coefficients without any difficulties for the singularities at multiple junctions. In other words, we unify the theory of multi-phase fields which express low dimensional interface geometry and the theory of the incompressible fluid dynamics on the infinite dimensional geometry as a variational problem. We apply the equation to the contact angle problems at triple junctions. We computed the fluid dynamics for a two-phase field with a wall numerically and show the numerical computational results that for given surface tension coefficients, the contact angles are generated by the surface tension as results of balances of the kinematic energy and the surface energy.

Shigeki Matsutani; Kota Nakano; Katsuhiko Shinjo

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fluid flow near reservoir lakes inferred from the spatial and temporal analysis of the electric potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2002. 1. Introduction [2] Detecting subsurface groundwater circulation using geophysical methods to result from the electrokinetic coupling associated with a vertical groundwater flow connecting a constant pore pressure source to the bottom of the lakes. Numerical modeling indicates that the spatial

Adolphs, Ralph

37

Trophic ecology of the invasive argentine ant: spatio-temporal variation in resource assimilation and isotopic enrichment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOI 10.1007/s00442-010-1694-1 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY - ORIGINALPAPER Trophic ecology of the invasive argentine ant: spatio-variation in the trophic ecology of prominent members of

Menke, Sean B.; Suarez, Andy V.; Tillberg, Chadwick V.; Chou, Cheng T.; Holway, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Temporal Pointing Variations of The Solar Dynamics Observatory's HMI and AIA Instruments on Sub-Weekly Time Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving sub-arcsecond co-registration across varying time-lines of multi-wavelength and instrument images is not trivial, and requires accurate characterization of instrument pointing jitter. In this work we have investigated internal pointing errors, on daily and yearly time-scales, occurring across the \\textit{Solar Dynamics Observatory}'s (SDO) {\\it Atmospheric Imaging Assembly} (AIA) and { \\it Helioseismic Magnetic Imager} (HMI). Using cross-correlation techniques on AIA 1700\\,{\\AA} passband and HMI line-of-sight (LOS) magnetograms, from three years of observational image pairs at approximately three day intervals, internal pointing errors are quantified. Pointing variations of $\\pm$\\,0.26$\\arcsec$ (jitter limited) and $\\pm$\\,0.50$\\arcsec$ in the solar East-West ($x$) and North-South ($y$) directions, respectively, are measured. AIA observations of the Venus June 2012 transit are used to measure existing coalignment offsets in all passbands. We find AIA passband pointing variations are $$\\,$=$\\, 1.10$\\a...

Orange, N Brice; Chesny, David L; Patel, Maulik; Champey, Patrick; Hesterly, Katie; Anthony, Dylan; Treen, Robert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Variational bounds on the energy dissipation rate in body-forced shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the bulk (space and time averaged) dissipation rate per unit mass is proportional to the power required applied to many flows driven by boundary conditions, including shear flows and a variety of thermal

Petrov, Nikola

40

Energy extremals and nonlinear stability in a variational theory of a coupled barotropic flow -Rotating solid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-body flow state is a constrained energy minimum provided the relative enstrophy is small enough, otherwise maximizers. Unlike the standard barotropic vorticity model which conserves angular momentum of the fluid. The coupled system is a conservative or nondissipative model in the sense that the energy and angular momentum

Lim, Chjan C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Simulations of Turbulent Flows with Strong Shocks and Density Variations: Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The target of this SciDAC Science Application was to develop a new capability based on high-order and high-resolution schemes to simulate shock-turbulence interactions and multi-material mixing in planar and spherical geometries, and to study Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov turbulent mixing. These fundamental problems have direct application in high-speed engineering flows, such as inertial confinement fusion (ICF) capsule implosions and scramjet combustion, and also in the natural occurrence of supernovae explosions. Another component of this project was the development of subgrid-scale (SGS) models for large-eddy simulations of flows involving shock-turbulence interaction and multi-material mixing, that were to be validated with the DNS databases generated during the program. The numerical codes developed are designed for massively-parallel computer architectures, ensuring good scaling performance. Their algorithms were validated by means of a sequence of benchmark problems. The original multi-stage plan for this five-year project included the following milestones: 1) refinement of numerical algorithms for application to the shock-turbulence interaction problem and multi-material mixing (years 1-2); 2) direct numerical simulations (DNS) of canonical shock-turbulence interaction (years 2-3), targeted at improving our understanding of the physics behind the combined two phenomena and also at guiding the development of SGS models; 3) large-eddy simulations (LES) of shock-turbulence interaction (years 3-5), improving SGS models based on the DNS obtained in the previous phase; 4) DNS of planar/spherical RM multi-material mixing (years 3-5), also with the two-fold objective of gaining insight into the relevant physics of this instability and aiding in devising new modeling strategies for multi-material mixing; 5) LES of planar/spherical RM mixing (years 4-5), integrating the improved SGS and multi-material models developed in stages 3 and 5. This final report is outlined as follows. Section 2 shows an assessment of numerical algorithms that are best suited for the numerical simulation of compressible flows involving turbulence and shock phenomena. Sections 3 and 4 deal with the canonical shock-turbulence interaction problem, from the DNS and LES perspectives, respectively. Section 5 considers the shock-turbulence inter-action in spherical geometry, in particular, the interaction of a converging shock with isotropic turbulence as well as the problem of the blast wave. Section 6 describes the study of shock-accelerated mixing through planar and spherical Richtmyer-Meshkov mixing as well as the shock-curtain interaction problem In section 7 we acknowledge the different interactions between Stanford and other institutions participating in this SciDAC project, as well as several external collaborations made possible through it. Section 8 presents a list of publications and presentations that have been generated during the course of this SciDAC project. Finally, section 9 concludes this report with the list of personnel at Stanford University funded by this SciDAC project.

Sanjiva Lele

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Temporal implicatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation proposes a theory of temporal implicatures, and applies it to the study of tense in Mbyá Guaraní. It is composed of two parts. In the first one, I discuss the analyses of temporal implicatures developed ...

Thomas, Guillaume (Guillaume Pierre Yves)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Limits on the temporal variation of the fine structure constant, quark masses and strong interaction from quasar absorption spectra and atomic clock experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform calculations of the dependence of nuclear magnetic moments on quark masses and obtain limits on the variation of $(m_q/\\Lambda_{QCD})$ from recent measurements of hydrogen hyperfine (21 cm) and molecular rotational transitions in quasar absorption systems, atomic clock experiments with hyperfine transitions in H, Rb, Cs, Yb$^+$, Hg$^+$ and optical transition in Hg$^+$. Experiments with Cd$^+$, deuterium/hydrogen, molecular SF$_6$ and Zeeman transitions in $^3$He/Xe are also discussed.

V. V. Flambaum; D. B. Leinweber; A. W. Thomas; R. D. Young

2004-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Bi-Annual Report 2010-2011: Shaping pulse flows to meet environmental and energy objectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a bioenergetic model developed to allocate seasonal pulse flows to benefit salmon growth. The model links flow with floodplain inundation and production of invertebrate prey eaten by juvenile Chinook salmon. A unique quantile modeling approach is used to describe temporal variation among juvenile salmon spawned at different times. Preliminary model outputs are presented and future plans to optimize flows both to maximize salmon growth and hydropower production are outlined.

Jager, Yetta [ORNL

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Source Characterization and Temporal Variation of Methane Seepage from Thermokarst Lakes on the Alaska North Slope in Response to Arctic Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals of this research were to characterize the source, magnitude and temporal variability of methane seepage from thermokarst lakes (TKL) within the Alaska North Slope gas hydrate province, assess the vulnerability of these areas to ongoing and future arctic climate change and determine if gas hydrate dissociation resulting from permafrost melting is contributing to the current lake emissions. Analyses were focused on four main lake locations referred to in this report: Lake Qalluuraq (referred to as Lake Q) and Lake Teshekpuk (both on Alaska?s North Slope) and Lake Killarney and Goldstream Bill Lake (both in Alaska?s interior). From analyses of gases coming from lakes in Alaska, we showed that ecological seeps are common in Alaska and they account for a larger source of atmospheric methane today than geologic subcap seeps. Emissions from the geologic source could increase with potential implications for climate warming feedbacks. Our analyses of TKL sites showing gas ebullition were complemented with geophysical surveys, providing important insight about the distribution of shallow gas in the sediments and the lake bottom manifestation of seepage (e.g., pockmarks). In Lake Q, Chirp data were limited in their capacity to image deeper sediments and did not capture the thaw bulb. The failure to capture the thaw bulb at Lake Q may in part be related to the fact that the present day lake is a remnant of an older, larger, and now-partially drained lake. These suggestions are consistent with our analyses of a dated core of sediment from the lake that shows that a wetland has been present at the site of Lake Q since approximately 12,000 thousand years ago. Chemical analyses of the core indicate that the availability of methane at the site has changed during the past and is correlated with past environmental changes (i.e. temperature and hydrology) in the Arctic. Discovery of methane seeps in Lake Teshekpuk in the northernmost part of the lake during 2009 reconnaissance surveys provided a strong impetus to visit this area in 2010. The seismic methods applied in Lake Teshekpuk were able to image pockmarks, widespread shallow gas in the sediments, and the relationship among different sediment packages on the lake?s bottom, but even boomer seismics did not detect permafrost beneath the northern part of the lake. By characterizing the biogeochemistry of shallow TKL with methane seeps we showed that the radical seasonal shifts in ice cover and temperature. These seasonal environmental differences result in distinct consumption and production processes of biologically-relevant compounds. The combined effects of temperature, ice-volume and other lithological factors linked to seepage from the lake are manifest in the distribution of sedimentary methane in Lake Q during icecovered and ice-free conditions. The biogeochemistry results illustrated very active methanotrophy in TKLs. Substantial effort was subsequently made to characterize the nature of methanotrophic communities in TKLs. We applied stable isotope probing approaches to genetically characterize the methanotrophs most active in utilizing methane in TKLs. Our study is the first to identify methane oxidizing organisms active in arctic TKLs, and revealing that type I methanotrophs and type II methanotrophs are abundant and active in assimilating methane in TKLs. These organisms play an important role in limiting the flux of methane from these sites. Our investigations indicate that as temperatures increase in the Arctic, oxidation rates and active methanotrophic populations will also shift. Whether these changes can offset predicted increases in methanogenesis is an important question underlying models of future methane flux and resultant climate change. Overall our findings indicate that TKLs and their ability to act as both source and sink of methane are exceedingly sensitive to environmental change.

None

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

46

Variation of Fish Habitat and Extent of the Low-Salinity Zone with Freshwater Flow in the San Francisco Estuary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prey, and fish early-life histories to striped bass Moroneby striped bass larvae. Trans Am Fish Soc 117(1):72–77.fish, freshwater flow, resource selec- tion function, delta smelt, longfin smelt, striped bass,

Kimmerer, Wim J.; MacWilliams, Michael L.; Gross, Edward S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Temporal variations in temperature over Northeastern Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-I 947 JAR '24 PER '/6 OCT '18 DEC '23 ARV '3! 299 0-/ 994477 3/AR 97 APR '40 3/Ar'55 JUN'!5 JUL'!5 NOV05 AVR 95 1912-1947 2906-1947 ADI HALFA APR 76 DEC '24 ANN '21 ~1909- 947 APR '4/ 6!A I' 'J6 PORT SUDAN ~190 - 94 !AN '29 PEB 23 APR... in which an average temperature was substituted for a missing value. EL OBEID 1911-1947 JAN '21 MIJI '21 APR '21 JUN '32 NOV '31 DEC '32 EL RASHER 1918-1947 NONE ROSEIRES 1905-1947 NOV '32 DEC '32 ANN '32 EL OBEID ROSEIRES 1911-1947 OCT '27...

Peterson, Robby Douglas

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Flow geometry variation of IGR 17091-3624 as revealed by Comptonizing Efficiency and its comparison with GRS 1915+105  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variability class transitions in the enigmatic black hole candidate GRS 1915+105 has been known to accompany variation of distinct flow geometry as is evidenced by the behavior of Comptonizing Efficiency (CE). This dynamical hardness ratio is defined to be the ratio between the number of power-law (hard) photons and injected seed (soft) photons and to some extent represent the geometry of the so-called Compton cloud. Similarities of light curves in some variability classes in GRS 1915+105 and IGR 17091-3624 have been reported in the literature. In the present paper, we present some more variability classes for which the light curves are similar. We examine CE variations in all these light curves of IGR 17091-3624 and find that they are also similar to what was reported for GRS 1915+105, even though masses of these objects are believed to be widely different. This shows that characterization of variability classes based on dynamical hardness ratios or CEs is likely to be black hole mass independent.

Pal, Partha Sarathi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Complex temporal and spatial patterns in nonequilibrium systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamical systems methods are being developed and used to characterize the formation and evolution of temporal and spatial patterns in systems maintained far from equilibrium. In particular, experiments and analyses are considering electrodeposition of fractal metallic clusters, pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems, and the primary instabilities of some fluid flows. Novel reactors have been developed to search for chemical patterns (spatial variations in the chemical composition), and sustained patterns have been found in several different one- and two-dimensional geometries. Bifurcations in these patterns are studied by varying control parameters, e.g., the concentrations of the feed chemicals or the temperature. The observed two-dimensional chemical patterns range from the stationary patterns, similar to those predicted by Turing in 1952 but not observed until 1990, to chemical turbulence, which is characterized by large numbers of defects and a rapid decay of spatial correlations. These provide general insights into the formation of spatiotemporal patterns in nonequilibrium systems.

Swinney, H.L.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Cooling Flows or Heating Flows?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is now clear that AGN heat cooling flows, largely by driving winds. The winds may contain a relativistic component that generates powerful synchrotron radiation, but it is not clear that all winds do so. The spatial and temporal stability of the AGN/cooling flow interaction are discussed. Collimation of the winds probably provides spatial stability. Temporal stability may be possible only for black holes with masses above a critical value. Both the failure of cooling flows to have adiabatic cores and the existence of X-ray cavities confirm the importance of collimated outflows. I quantify the scale of the convective flow that the AGN Hydra would need to drive if it balanced radiative inward flow by outward flow parallel to the jets. At least in Virgo any such flow must be confined to r<~20 kpc. Hydrodynamical simulations suggest that AGN outbursts cannot last longer than ~25 Myr. Data for four clusters with well studied X-ray cavities suggests that heating associated with cavity formation approximately balances radiative cooling. The role of cosmic infall and the mechanism of filament formation are briefly touched on.

James Binney

2003-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

51

Anomalous diffusion in bounded temporally irregular flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics, Department of Electrical Engineering and Institute for Plasma Research, University

Venkataramani, Shankar C.

52

Intermittent dry granular flow in a vertical pipe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intermittent compact flow of glass beads in a vertical glass pipe of small diameter is studied experimentally by combining particle fraction, pressure, and air and grain flow rates measurements with a spatio-temporal analysis of the flow. At the onset of the flow, a decompaction front is observed to propagate from the bottom to the top of the tube at a velocity much larger than that of the grains. The blockage front also propagates upwards and at a still higher velocity. The decompaction induces a decreasing pressure wave strongly amplified as it propagates upwards towards the top of the tube. Pressure variations of 3000 Pa or more are detected in this region while particle fraction variations are of the order of 0.02. Grain velocities during the flow period also increase strongly at the top of the tube while the corresponding fraction of total time decreases. A 1D numerical model based on a simple relation between the effective acceleration of the grains and the particle fraction variations reproduces the amplification effect and provides predictions for its dependence on the permeability of the packing.

Yann Bertho; Frederique Giorgiutti-Dauphine; Jean-Pierre Hulin

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

53

Lateral downflows in sunspot penumbral filaments and their temporal evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the temporal evolution of downflows observed at the lateral edges of penumbral filaments in a sunspot located very close to the disk center. Our analysis is based on a sequence of nearly diffraction-limited spectropolarimetric scans of the Fe I 6173 A line taken with the CRISP instrument at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope. We compute Dopplergrams from the observed intensity profiles using line bisectors and filter the resulting velocity maps for subsonic oscillations. Lateral downflows appear everywhere in the center-side penumbra as small, weak patches of redshifts next to or along the edges of blueshifted flow channels. These patches have an intermittent life and undergo mergings and fragmentations quite frequently. The lateral downflows move together with the hosting filaments and react to their shape variations, very much resembling the evolution of granular convection in the quiet Sun. There is a good relation between brightness and velocity of the flow structures in the center-side penumbra, wi...

Pozuelo, S Esteban; Rodriguez, J de la Cruz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Correcting the record on the analysis of IBEX and STEREO data regarding variations in the neutral interstellar wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The journey of the Sun through space carries the solar system through a dynamic interstellar environment that is presently characterized by Mach 1 motion between the heliosphere and the surrounding interstellar medium (ISM). The interaction between the heliosphere and ISM is an evolving process due to the variable solar wind and to interstellar turbulence. Frisch et al. presented a meta-analysis of the historical data on the interstellar wind flowing through the heliosphere and concluded that temporal changes in the ecliptic longitude of the wind were statistically indicated by the data available in the refereed literature at the time of that writing. Lallement and Bertaux disagree with this result, and suggested, for instance, that a key instrumental response function of IBEX-Lo was incorrect and that the STEREO pickup ion data are unsuitable for diagnosing the flow of interstellar neutrals through the heliosphere. Here we show that temporal variations in the interstellar wind through the heliosphere are con...

Frisch, P C; Drews, C; Leonard, T; Livadiotis, G; McComas, D J; Moebius, E; Schwadron, N A; Sokol, J M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Doing time : inducing temporal graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of constructing a directed acyclic graph that encodes temporal relations found in a text. The unit of our analysis is a temporal segment, a fragment of text that maintains temporal coherence. The ...

Bramsen, Philip James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

POC algorithms based on spectral remote sensing data and its temporal and spatial variability in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of POC concentrations calculated with PCA algorithms. The spatial and temporal variations of POC and physical forcing data were analyzed with the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) method. The results showed variations in the Gulf of Mexico on both...

Son, Young Baek

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Markov Temporal Logic Wojciech Jamroga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Richter (Technical Computer Science) Prof. Dr. Gabriel Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Markov Temporal

Zachmann, Gabriel

58

An initial look at the dynamics of the microscale flow field within a large wind farm in response to variations in the natural inflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses some early results from a study to examine the influence of the natural inflow structure on the internal microscale turbulence environment of a large wind farm. Two fully equipped, high-resolution boundary layer measurement systems were employed to document the alteration of the turbulent structure as the flow entered and left a wind park consisting of 41 rows of turbines. These systems collected data continuously for a period of several weeks during the peak wind season in San Gorgonio Pass. In addition, statistical summaries of the inflow and outflow characteristics from a hub-height elevation were recorded prior to, during and after the detailed measurement period. Results of these hub-height summaries will be discussed and interpreted in this paper. 11 figs.

Kelley, N.D.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Temporal Velocity Variations beneath the Coso Geothermal Field...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Field Observed using Seismic Double Difference Tomography of Compressional and Shear Wave Arrival Times Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference...

60

TEMPORAL VARIATION OF LFG EMISSION FROM DIFFERENT TYPES OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). This reduction of the landfill gas (LFG) emissions requires the ability to measure low methane emissions methane emissions were observed only near the landfill gas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Temporal Variation in Fish Communities Off Santa Cruz Island, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at sub-tidal reefs and kelp beds at Santa Cruz Island in theand/or by the loss of giant kelp, which occurs during warm-diminishing the extent of giant kelp beds. Student Michelle

Larson, Ralph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Temporal Variation in Fish Communities off Santa Cruz Island, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mean log count mean log count Kelp perch Olive rockfish meancount mean log count Opaleye Kelp coverage mean lkelp scoreLerma D, Richards D. 1999. Kelp Forest Monitoring Handbook,

Graves, Michelle R.; Larson, Ralph J.; Alevizon, William S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Variation in temporal [14 photosynthesis among warm monomictic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA, PO BOX 3020 STN CSC, VICTORIA, BC V8N 3N5, CANADA). In ice-covered lakes $10% of annual areal PP occurs under ice [range 2% to >30% (Alvarez- Cobelas isothermal conditions in Lake Michigan and that this was also an important time of new production. Coastal

Mazumder, Asit

64

Spatial and Temporal Variations of Groundwater Arsenic in South and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-lying, topographically flat floodplains of rivers that drain the Himalayas (Fig. 1A) (7). Unconsolidated sands underlying in the thickness of unconsolidated sand deposits (8). More than half the wells in at least one depth interval

van Geen, Alexander

65

Analysis and visualization of temporal variations in video  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our world is constantly changing, and it is important for us to understand how our environment changes and evolves over time. A common method for capturing and communicating such changes is imagery - whether captured by ...

Rubinstein, Michael, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

TEMPORAL VARIATIONS OF FRACTURE DIRECTIONS AND FRACTURE DENSITIES IN THE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g GrantAtlas (PACAOpenSummersideJumpSyria: Energy ResourcesTACTDKCOSO

67

Temporal Velocity Variations beneath the Coso Geothermal Field Observed  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to: navigation,TelluricTODO: Would be nice496939°,using

68

Sandia National Laboratories: temporal variation of current direction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbineredox-activeNational SolartSSL George Wang's

69

Sandia National Laboratories: temporal variation of current speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbineredox-activeNational SolartSSL George Wang'sspeed Tidal Energy

70

Sandia National Laboratories: temporal variation of power density  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbineredox-activeNational SolartSSL George Wang'sspeed Tidal Energypower

71

Sandia National Laboratories: temporal variation of turbulence intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbineredox-activeNational SolartSSL George Wang'sspeed Tidal

72

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to:TaosISGANAttribution JumpRRElement JumpNewTempleton is

73

Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Salt Marsh Vegetation across Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Denmark responding to environmental variations at large, medium, and fine scales along both spatial and temporal spectrums. At the broad scale, this research addressed the importance of wind-induced rise of the sea surface in such biogeographic changes. A...

Kim, Daehyun

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

74

acute postural variation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.1.1 Flow Graphs Mller-Olm, Markus 469 Multiobjective Optimization Problem with Variational Inequality Constraints...

75

Spatio-temporal statistical models with applications to atmospheric processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This doctoral dissertation is presented as three self-contained papers. An introductory chapter considers traditional spatio-temporal statistical methods used in the atmospheric sciences from a statistical perspective. Although this section is primarily a review, many of the statistical issues considered have not been considered in the context of these methods and several open questions are posed. The first paper attempts to determine a means of characterizing the semiannual oscillation (SAO) spatial variation in the northern hemisphere extratropical height field. It was discovered that the midlatitude SAO in 500hPa geopotential height could be explained almost entirely as a result of spatial and temporal asymmetries in the annual variation of stationary eddies. It was concluded that the mechanism for the SAO in the northern hemisphere is a result of land-sea contrasts. The second paper examines the seasonal variability of mixed Rossby-gravity waves (MRGW) in lower stratospheric over the equatorial Pacific. Advanced cyclostationary time series techniques were used for analysis. It was found that there are significant twice-yearly peaks in MRGW activity. Analyses also suggested a convergence of horizontal momentum flux associated with these waves. In the third paper, a new spatio-temporal statistical model is proposed that attempts to consider the influence of both temporal and spatial variability. This method is mainly concerned with prediction in space and time, and provides a spatially descriptive and temporally dynamic model.

Wikle, C.K.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

Temporal Representation in Semantic Graphs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wide range of knowledge discovery and analysis applications, ranging from business to biological, make use of semantic graphs when modeling relationships and concepts. Most of the semantic graphs used in these applications are assumed to be static pieces of information, meaning temporal evolution of concepts and relationships are not taken into account. Guided by the need for more advanced semantic graph queries involving temporal concepts, this paper surveys the existing work involving temporal representations in semantic graphs.

Levandoski, J J; Abdulla, G M

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

77

Solar-cycle variation of the sound-speed asphericity from GONG and MDI data 1995-2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the variation of the frequency splitting coefficients describing the solar asphericity in both GONG and MDI data, and use these data to investigate temporal sound-speed variations as a function of both depth and latitude during the period from 1995-2000 and a little beyond. The temporal variations in even splitting coefficients are found to be correlated to the corresponding component of magnetic flux at the solar surface. We confirm that the sound-speed variations associated with the surface magnetic field are superficial. Temporally averaged results show a significant excess in sound speed around 0.92 solar radii and latitude of 60 degrees.

H. M. Antia; S. Basu; F. Hill; R. Howe; R. W. Komm; J. Schou

2001-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

78

Predictability in Temporal Alexandru Marcu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predictability in Temporal Networks Alexandru Marcu Supervisors: Sune Lehmann Jørgensen Jakob Eg First and foremost, I would like to thank my supervisors, Sune Lehmann and Jakob Eg Larsen

79

VARIATIONS IN THE HELIOSPHERIC POLAR ENERGETIC NEUTRAL ATOM FLUX OBSERVED BY THE INTERSTELLAR BOUNDARY EXPLORER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ecliptic poles are observed continuously by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX); thus, it is possible to discern temporal variations in the energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) from the outer heliosphere on timescales ...

Reisenfeld, D. B.

80

Spatiotemporal variation in survival rates: implications for population dynamics of yellow-bellied marmots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatiotemporal variation in age-specific survival rates can profoundly influence population dynamics, but few studies of vertebrates have thoroughly investigated both spatial and temporal variability in age-specific survival rates. We used 28 years...

Ozgul, Arpat; Armitage, Kenneth; Blumstein, Daniel T.; Oli, Madan K.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Cotton flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the conformally invariant Cotton tensor, we define a geometric flow, the "Cotton flow", which is exclusive to three dimensions. This flow tends to evolve the initial metrics into conformally flat ones, and is somewhat orthogonal to the Yamabe flow, the latter being a flow within a conformal class. We define an entropy functional, and study the flow of nine homogeneous spaces both numerically and analytically. In particular, we show that the arbitrarily deformed homogeneous 3-sphere flows into the round 3-sphere. Two of the nine homogeneous geometries, which are degenerated by the Ricci flow, are left intact by the Cotton flow.

Ali Ulas Ozgur Kisisel; Ozgur Sarioglu; Bayram Tekin

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

82

Criterion for purely elastic Taylor-Couette instability in the flows of shear-banding fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past twenty years, shear-banding flows have been probed by various techniques, such as rheometry, velocimetry and flow birefringence. In micellar solutions, many of the data collected exhibit unexplained spatio-temporal ...

Fardin, M. A.

83

Variations of surface water extent and water storage in large river basins: A comparison of different global data sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the spatio-temporal variations of total terrestrial water storage (the sum of ground water, soil water1 Variations of surface water extent and water storage in large river basins: A comparison mass variations monitored by GRACE, simulated surface and total water storage from WGHM, water levels

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Observations and simulations of synoptic, regional, and local variations in atmospheric CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations and simulations of synoptic, regional, and local variations in atmospheric CO2 Jih] Synoptic events may play an important role in determining the CO2 spatial distribution and temporal 2001, which had the most significant CO2 concentration variation in our case pool. The CO2

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

85

Radiotherapy Adapted to Spatial and Temporal Variability in Tumor Hypoxia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To explore the feasibility and clinical potential of adapting radiotherapy to temporal and spatial variations in tumor oxygenation. Methods and Materials: Repeated dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance (DCEMR) images were taken of a canine sarcoma during the course of fractionated radiation therapy. The tumor contrast enhancement was assumed to represent the oxygen distribution. The IMRT plans were retrospectively adapted to the DCEMR images by employing tumor dose redistribution. Optimized nonuniform tumor dose distributions were calculated and compared with a uniform dose distribution delivering the same integral dose to the tumor. Clinical outcome was estimated from tumor control probability (TCP) and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) modeling. Results: The biologically adapted treatment was found to give a substantial increase in TCP compared with conventional radiotherapy, even when only pretreatment images were used as basis for the treatment planning. The TCP was further increased by repeated replanning during the course of treatment, and replanning twice a week was found to give near optimal TCP. Random errors in patient positioning were found to give a small decrease in TCP, whereas systematic errors were found to reduce TCP substantially. NTCP for the adapted treatment was similar to or lower than for the conventional treatment, both for parallel and serial normal tissue structures. Conclusion: Biologically adapted radiotherapy is estimated to improve treatment outcome of tumors having spatial and temporal variations in radiosensitivity.

Sovik, Aste [Department of Medical Physics, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Malinen, Eirik [Department of Medical Physics, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway) and Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)]. E-mail: emalinen@fys.uio.no; Skogmo, Hege K. [Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo (Norway); Bentzen, Soren M. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Bruland, Oyvind S. [Department of Oncology, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Department of Clincal Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Olsen, Dag Rune [Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Department of Radiation Biology, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway)

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Microfluidic Device for Temporally Controlled Gene Expression and Long-Term Fluorescent Imaging in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Microfluidic Device for Temporally Controlled Gene Expression and Long-Term Fluorescent Imaging of the cell cycle. Over the past ten years, microfluidic techniques in cell biology have emerged that allow a microfluidic flow cell to grow Saccharomyces Cerevisiae for more than 8 generations (

Siggia, Eric

87

Nano-elastohydrodynamics: Structure, dynamics, and flow in nonuniform lubricated junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structure, flow, and response characteristics of molecularly thin films of hexadecane, sheared by topographically nonuniform solid gold surfaces sliding at a relative velocity of 10 meters per second, were investigated with molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations reveal three characteristics: spatial and temporal variations in the density and pressure of the lubricant in the region confined by the approaching asperities, accompanied by asperity-induced molecular layering transitions that are reflected in oscillatory patterns in the friction force; asperity deformations and microstructural transformations mediated by the lubricant; and an onset of cavitated zones in the lubricant after the asperity-asperity collision process. The simulations extend micrometer-scale elastohydrodynamic investigations into the nanometer-scale regime and provide molecular-scale insights into the fundamental mechanisms of ultrathin film lubrication phenomena under extreme conditions. 20 refs., 3 figs.

Gao, J.; Luedtke, W.D.; Landman, U. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1995-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

Self-regulating flow control device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable, self-regulating valve having a hydraulic loss coefficient proportional to a positive exponential power of the flow rate. The device includes two objects in a flow channel and structure which assures that the distance between the two objects is an increasing function of the flow rate. The range of spacing between the objects is such that the hydraulic resistance of the valve is an increasing function of the distance between the two objects so that the desired hydraulic loss coefficient as a function of flow rate is obtained without variation in the flow area.

Humphreys, Duane A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Time series of high resolution photospheric spectra in a quiet region of the Sun. II. Analysis of the variation of physical quantities of granular structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From the inversion of a time series of high resolution slit spectrograms obtained from the quiet sun, the spatial and temporal distribution of the thermodynamical quantities and the vertical flow velocity is derived as a function of logarithmic optical depth and geometrical height. Spatial coherence and phase shift analyzes between temperature and vertical velocity depict the height variation of these physical quantities for structures of different size. An average granular cell model is presented, showing the granule-intergranular lane stratification of temperature, vertical velocity, gas pressure and density as a function of logarithmic optical depth and geometrical height. Studies of a specific small and a specific large granular cell complement these results. A strong decay of the temperature fluctuations with increasing height together with a less efficient penetration of smaller cells is revealed. The T -T coherence at all granular scales is broken already at log tau =-1 or z~170 km. At the layers beyon...

Puschmann, K G; Vazquez, M; Bonet, J A; Hanslmeier, A; 10.1051/0004-6361:20047193

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Calculus of Variations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calc. Var. 15, 451–491 (2002). Calculus of Variations. Donatella Danielli ..... u ? W1,p loc (Rn) such that for every ? ? W1,p o. (Rn) with compact support. (2.14).

Katharina Steingraeber Heidelberg 1107 1997 Oct 17 14:59:21

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

Hybrid Ockhamist Temporal Logic Patrick Blackburn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid Ockhamist Temporal Logic Patrick Blackburn INRIA, Lorraine Campus Scientifique, BP 239 Nancy Johannesburg, South Africa vfg@na.rau.ac.za Abstract We introduce hybrid Ockhamist temporal logic, which combines the mechanisms of hybrid logic with Ockhamist semantics by employing nominals, satisfaction

Goranko, Valentin

92

Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses Dan Oron and Yaron Silberberg of harmonic generation with temporally focused ultrashort pulses are explored both theoreti- cally and experimentally. Analyzing the phase-matching conditions for harmonic generation we find a corre- spondence

Silberberg, Yaron

93

Flow chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow chamber having a vacuum chamber and a specimen chamber. The specimen chamber may have an opening through which a fluid may be introduced and an opening through which the fluid may exit. The vacuum chamber may have an opening through which contents of the vacuum chamber may be evacuated. A portion of the flow chamber may be flexible, and a vacuum may be used to hold the components of the flow chamber together.

Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

94

Geological flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper geology and planetology are considered using new conceptual basis of high-speed flow dynamics. Recent photo technics allow to see all details of a flow, 'cause the flow is static during very short time interval. On the other hand, maps and images of many planets are accessible. Identity of geological flows and high-speed gas dynamics is demonstrated. There is another time scale, and no more. All results, as far as the concept, are new and belong to the author. No formulae, pictures only.

Yu. N. Bratkov

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

95

Structure of Turbulence in Katabatic Flows below and above the Wind-Speed Maximum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of small-scale turbulence made over the complex-terrain atmospheric boundary layer during the MATERHORN Program are used to describe the structure of turbulence in katabatic flows. Turbulent and mean meteorological data were continuously measured at multiple levels at four towers deployed along the East lower slope (2-4 deg) of Granite Mountain. The multi-level observations made during a 30-day long MATERHORN-Fall field campaign in September-October 2012 allowed studying of temporal and spatial structure of katabatic flows in detail, and herein we report turbulence and their variations in katabatic winds. Observed vertical profiles show steep gradients near the surface, but in the layer above the slope jet the vertical variability is smaller. It is found that the vertical (normal to the slope) momentum flux and horizontal (along the slope) heat flux in a slope-following coordinate system change their sign below and above the wind maximum of a katabatic flow. The vertical momentum flux is directed...

Grachev, Andrey A; Di Sabatino, Silvana; Fernando, Harindra J S; Pardyjak, Eric R; Fairall, Christopher W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Variational symmetries, conserved quantities and identities for several equations of mathematical physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We find variational symmetries, conserved quantities and identities for several equations: envelope equation, Böcher equation, the propagation of sound waves with losses, flow of a gas with losses, and the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with losses or gains, and an electro-magnetic interaction. Most of these equations do not have a variational description with the classical variational principle and we find such a description with the generalized variational principle of Herglotz.

Donchev, Veliko, E-mail: velikod@ie.bas.bg [Laboratory “Physical Problems of Electron and Ion Technologies,” Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko shosse, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria)] [Laboratory “Physical Problems of Electron and Ion Technologies,” Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko shosse, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Temporal Evolution of Social Innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acceptance of an innovation can occur through mutliple exposures to individuals who have already accepted it. Presented here is a model to trace the evolution of an innovation in a social network with a preference $\\lambda$, amidst topological constraints specified mainly by connectivity, $k$ and population size, $N_k$. With the interplay between properties of innovation and network structure, the model attempts to explain the variations in patterns of innovations across social networks. Time in which the propagation attains highest velocity depends on $\\lambda^{-2}k^{-2}N_{k}^{1/2}$. Dynamics in random networks may lead or lag behind that in scale-free networks depending on the average connectivity. Hierarchical propagation is evident across connectivity classes within scale-free networks, as well as across random networks with distinct topological indices. For highly preferred innovations, the hierarchy observed within scale-free networks tends to be insignificant. The results have implications for administ...

Kulkarni, Varsha S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

A Computational Strategy to Analyze Label-Free Temporal Bottom...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Strategy to Analyze Label-Free Temporal Bottom-up Proteomics Data. A Computational Strategy to Analyze Label-Free Temporal Bottom-up Proteomics Data. Abstract:...

99

Temporal Discounting in Moral and Economic Judgement   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

higher subjective valuations for sooner rewards relative to later ones, psychologists have proposed two competing models of temporal discounting: hyperbolic and exponential. In our study we presented a series of economic preference questions between a...

Morton, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The temporal efficiency of SO? emissions trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the temporal efficiency of the U.S. Acid Rain Program, which implemented a nationwide market for trading and banking sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission allowances. We first develop ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A Spatial-Temporal Representation of Land  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A frontier in GIScience is converting objective data of dynamic and complex real world phenomena into spatial-temporal building blocks for generating new knowledge. My study includes the analysis of objective data

Hall, Sharon J.

102

Mdp Optimal Control under Temporal Logic Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we develop a method to automatically generate a control policy for a dynamical system modeled as a Markov Decision Process (MDP). The control specification is given as a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) formula ...

Ding, Xu Chu

103

A study of temporal visual composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the rapid growth of digital art, the temporal dimension is becoming a more and more important aspect of visual creations. This thesis is an effort to contribute to the construction of a disciplined basis for the ...

Sun, Xiaohua, 1972-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Variational transition state theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Agents, Beliefs, and Plausible Behavior in a Temporal Setting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Agents, Beliefs, and Plausible Behavior in a Temporal Setting Nils Bulling

Zachmann, Gabriel

106

Zenet: Generating and Enforcing Real-Time Temporal Chris Lewis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generator, temporal invariants, runtime software- fault monitoring, rule engine, video games 1. PROBLEM

California at Santa Cruz, University of

107

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscagliaa of flows with significant surface tension effects has grown significantly in recent years. This has been, since at small length scales surface phenomena are dominant. In this article, surface tension

Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

108

Abstract--Meteorological time series are characterized by important spatial and temporal variation. Model determination and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the meteorological time series used, which includes the use of statistical techniques to detect whether there exist for the time series using an evolutionary algorithm that adaptively adjusts some of its parameters during its and temperatures collected in a region of Romania. The results are promising for the analysis of such time series

Fernandez, Thomas

109

Spatial and temporal variation of photosynthetic parameters of phytoplankton in a subtropical coastal lagoon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be developed to estimate production of phytoplankton in coastal lagoons. Satellite ocean colour data photosynthesis­irradiance (P­E) and phytoplankton absorption data for a coastal lagoon of northwestern Baja: an outer and an inner region. Since there is substantial variability within data sets, we conclude

Montes, Martin A.

110

Temporal Variation in Space and Resource Use of Macaws in the Southeastern Peruvian Amazon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to resource use (Buskirk and Millspaugh 2006; Clark and Strevens 2008) and since animal movement is rarely random, there is an underlying link between the spatial arrangement of resources on the landscape and the response of animals to these resources (Mc...), especially for animals with wide-ranging movements that vary seasonally (Boyce 2006; Johnson et al. 2006). ___________ This thesis follows the style of Biological Conservation. 2 According to Birdlife International (Snyder et al. 2000), parrots...

Adamek, Krista Anne

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

111

Temporal variation of heavy metal contamination in fish of the river lot in southern France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2009 Keywords: Heavy metals Historical pollution Freshwater fish Muscle Liver Quality index a b of intense heavy metal pollution and has been the focus of studies dating back to the 1970s (Audry et al Lot is derived from anthropogenic origin. As such, the main sources of heavy metal pollution

Grenouillet, Gael

112

Environmental Research 105 (2007) 3452 Spatial and temporal variations in silver contamination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Fig. 1) is a unique and interesting one. While the Bay is best known for its Golden Gate Bridge 2007 Available online 15 August 2007 Abstract Although San Francisco Bay has a ``Golden Gate'', it may (originally made golden by the sun reflecting off its toxic red lead paint), the Bay has since been

113

Supplementary Material Cover Sheet1 Temporal Variations of Organic Composition in the Tropical and Marine Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of oil palm plantations. The situation in Jambi mirrors the magnitude of proposed oil palm expansion are rampant throughout Sumatra, especially in the central and southern regions. As the price of palm oil has

Meskhidze, Nicholas

114

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATION IN CALCIUM AND ALUMINUM IN NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST FLOORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-6955) (Received 23 December 2003; accepted 22 July 2004) Abstract. Acid rain results in losses of exchangeable: acid rain, Ca:Al, cation depletion, forest floor, soil 1. Introduction Acid rain is thought to have and Simonsson, 2003). Alternatively, mobilization of Al by acid rain from the mineral soil below may provide

Phillips, Richard P.

115

Geographic and temporal variation in the genetic mating systems of pipefish  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................... 138 VITA ......................................................................................................................... 151 x LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 2.1 Sites, abbreviation, date(s) of collection, number of adults... density and mean adult female population size of Syngnathus floridae from different sample sites............................... 46 3.2 Microsatellite data comparing the number of alleles, sample sizes, observed and expected heterozygosities and F...

Mobley, Kenyon Brice

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

116

Spatial and temporal variation in fish assemblage structure at Village Creek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish assemblages were sampled seasonally at Village Creek, a blackwater tributary of the Neches River in Hardin County, Texas. Forty four fish species were captured at Village Creek from diverse aquatic mesohabitats, (e.g., backwater pools, deep...

Moriarty, Loren Joan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Spatial and Temporal Variation in Stone Raw Material Provisioning in the Chivay Obsidian Source Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems. In Prehis- toric Quarries and Lithic Production,Industrial organization at the Melos obsidian quarries.In Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production, edited by

Tripcevich, Nicholas; MacKay, Alex

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Spatial and temporal variations in trace metal concentrations in sediments and oysters from Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TBV1 GBT ~ FBHA BEP QBER CJALVETTOh' BAY ~ I 'GB54EBBH Olf INT eQBH ISAAC CITY 5 Cf C LUC5IOH NAHCI J C 5 I' tP pt pet J lraa al ~f I la 5 J C 5 5OJY Fig. 3. Sampling locations where sediments and/or oysters were collected on Trips...

Jiann, Kuo-Tung

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

"Method for Controlling of Spatial and Temporal Variations of Plasma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNG IHDR€ÍSolar Energy SystemsFebruary 7-8,MarchKnyszek,A. JaworskiAPS

120

Spatial and temporal variation of surface-enhanced Raman scattering at Ag  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutron Scattering Facilities »

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Spatial and Temporal Variation in Stone Raw Material Provisioning in the Chivay Obsidian Source Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

we go: A llama caravan in Bolivia. Llama World Spring:10–15.Interaction in Peru and Bolivia LBL6343. Lawrence BerkeleyPeru and northern Bolivia. Journal of World Prehistory 14(

Tripcevich, Nicholas; MacKay, Alex

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Mortality experience of Tsimane amerindians of Bolivia: Regional variation and temporal trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de adultos en el área rural de BoliviA (1829–1987). ArchivosAmerindians of Lowlands Bolivia [Ph.D. ]. Gainsville, FL:y originarios de Bolivia. Trinidad: Vice-Ministerio de

Supa, Alfredo Zelada; Kaplan, Hillard; Gurven, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Flow cytometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Faraday cage is described which encloses the flow chamber of a cytometer. Ground planes associated with each field deflection plate inhibit electric fields from varying the charge on designated events/droplets and further concentrates. They also increase forces applied to a passing charged event for accurate focus while concomitantly inhibiting a potential shock hazard. 4 figs.

Van den Engh, G.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

CFD analysis of laminar oscillating flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a numerical simulations of oscillating flow in a constricted duct and compares the results with experimental and theoretical data. The numerical simulations were performed using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code CFX4.2. The numerical model simulates an experimental oscillating flow facility that was designed to test the properties and characteristics of oscillating flow in tapered ducts, also known as jet pumps. Jet pumps are useful devices in thermoacoustic machinery because they produce a secondary pressure that can counteract an unwanted effect called streaming, and significantly enhance engine efficiency. The simulations revealed that CFX could accurately model velocity, shear stress and pressure variations in laminar oscillating flow. The numerical results were compared to experimental data and theoretical predictions with varying success. The least accurate numerical results were obtained when laminar flow approached transition to turbulent flow.

Booten, C. W. Charles W.); Konecni, S. (Snezana); Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Martin, R. A. (Richard A.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Porosity, Permeability, And Fluid Flow In The Yellowstone Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

section of the 0.6-Ma Lava Creek ash-flow tuff. In this core, the degree of welding appears to be responsible for most of the variations in porosity, matrix...

126

Flow conditions of fresh mortar and concrete in different pipes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variation in fresh concrete flow rate over the pipe cross section was investigated on differently coloured and highly flowable concrete mixes flowing through pipes of different materials (rubber, steel, acryl). First, uncoloured (gray) concrete was poured through the pipe and the pipe blocked. Similar but coloured (black) concrete was then poured into the pipe filled with gray concrete, flowing after the gray concrete for a while before being blocked and hardened. The advance of the colouring along the pipe wall (showing boundary flow rate) was observed on the moulded concrete surface appearing after removing the pipe from the hardened concrete. The shapes of the interfaces between uncoloured and coloured concrete (showing variation of flow rate over the pipe cross section) were observed on sawn surfaces of concrete half cylinders cut along the length axes of the concrete-filled pipe. Flow profiles over the pipe cross section were clearly seen with maximum flow rates near the centre of the pipe and low flow rate at the pipe wall (typically rubber pipe with reference concrete without silica fume and/or stabilizers). More plug-shaped profiles, with long slip layers and less variation of flow rate over the cross section, were also seen (typically in smooth acrylic pipes). Flow rate, amount of concrete sticking to the wall after flow and SEM-images of pipe surface roughness were observed, illustrating the problem of testing full scale pumping.

Jacobsen, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.jacobsen@ntnu.n [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept of Structural Engineering, Trondheim (Norway); Haugan, Lars; Hammer, Tor Arne [SINTEF Byggforsk AS Building and Infrastructure, Trondheim (Norway); Kalogiannidis, Evangelos [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dept of Structural Engineering, Trondheim (Norway)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Inclusion of Inter-Temporal Constraints into a Distributed Newton-Raphson Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Flow (OPF) and Economic Dispatch (ED) are important components of the Energy Man- agement System (EMS) in electric power systems. Economic Dispatch is used to determine the most cost-effective gen in the economic dispatch problem. Another approach to overcome the variations in the power output of the renewable

Li, Xin

128

Temporally Coherent Interactive Ray Tracing William Martin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems use a sparse sam- pling of the image (approximately one ray per pixel) and relatively small image in point sam- pled imagery by targeting new rays to intersection points from previous frames. Remaining to cause sub-pixel detail in rendered images, leading to temporal aliasing. We believe this is the dominant

Utah, University of

129

Hypothetical Temporal Reasoning with History (Extended Version)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a history--encoding based methodology developed by Chomicki for checking dynamic database integrityHypothetical Temporal Reasoning with History Encoding (Extended Version) Marcelo Arenas constraints into a situation­calculus based specification of database updates as proposed by Reiter. By doing

Bertossi, Leopoldo

130

Issues in Temporal Representation of Multimedia Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in line mode. This is because the document #12; 2 source integrate both elements descriptive markupIssues in Temporal Representation of Multimedia Documents Nabil Layaïda OPERA project, INRIA Rhône the means of increasing the rich­ ness of information contained in electronic documents. One of the goals

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

131

Extraterrestrial Search Through Temporal Erez N. Ribak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interesting possibility for naturally occurring coherence is in gravitational lensing by a small object, where to probe the temporal coherence of celestial objects to locate yield natural coherent sources processes. Among others, synchrotron radiation can be also coherent over the scale of electron groups

Ribak, Erez

132

SEISMIC INTERFEROMETRY FOR TEMPORAL MONITORING Norimitsu Nakata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEISMIC INTERFEROMETRY FOR TEMPORAL MONITORING by Norimitsu Nakata #12;c Copyright by Norimitsu Seismic interferometry, where one computes coherency of waves between two or more receivers and averages from the first study related to seismic interferometry (although the name of seismic interferometry has

Snieder, Roel

133

Heterogeneous Temporal Probabilistic Agents JURGEN DIX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and software modules. We will define the concept of a heterogeneous temporal probabilistic (HTP) agent). Intuitively, an FTPSI specifies what all an HTP agent is permitted/forbidden/obliged to do at various times t. As changes occur in the environment, the HTP agent must compute a new FTPSI. HTP agents continuously compute

Kraus, Sarit

134

Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlling Wild Bodies Using Linear Temporal Logic Leonardo Bobadilla Oscar Sanchez Justin or state feedback. We do this by exploiting the wild motions of very simple bodies in an environment propose to start with a "wildly behaving" body for which its precise equations of motion are unknown

LaValle, Steven M.

135

SFTEL: Flow Cell | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Flow Cell EMSL's Subsurface Flow and Transport Experimental Laboratory offers several meter-scale flow cells and columns for research in saturated and unsaturated porous media....

136

The Real Effects of Political Uncertainty: Elections, Information Flow, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, inflation, variation of GDP growth, variation of inflation Intl: property rights protection, rule of law.340 international sample diff = 0.408 Result The link between investment and stock prices is even weaker whenThe Real Effects of Political Uncertainty: Elections, Information Flow, and Investment Efficiency

Lin, Xiaodong

137

Quasistatic rheology of foams II. Continuous shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and numerically. We extract, from the images of the sheared foam, the plastic flow profiles and the modifications AND GEORGES DEBREGEAS2 1 Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Pierce Hall, 29 in the temporal and spatial correlations of the plastic events. The spa- tial fluctuations of the static stress

138

Downstream variations in the width of bedrock channels David R. Montgomery and Karen B. Gran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downstream variations in the width of bedrock channels David R. Montgomery and Karen B. Gran the Mokelumne River show that bedrock channel width decreases substantially downstream at the contact between show systematic channel widening after flood flows and debris flow impacts. We conclude that downstream

Montgomery, David R.

139

antibody encephalitis temporal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jon Reid 1987-01-01 57 Temporal Lorentzian Spectral Triples CERN Preprints Summary: We present the notion of temporal Lorentzian spectral triple which is an extension of the notion...

140

aminocaproic acid temporal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jon Reid 1987-01-01 36 Temporal Lorentzian Spectral Triples CERN Preprints Summary: We present the notion of temporal Lorentzian spectral triple which is an extension of the notion...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

archival temporal bones: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Temporal Search Web Archives Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Temporal...

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity temporal correlations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sensitivity of a neurone to the presence of temporal correlation amongst input spike trains, and point... , temporal coding is carried as temporal correlation amongst a...

143

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptation improves temporal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

temporal patterns with quantitative intervals Thomas Guyet Rene Quiniou INRIA, DREAM Team... the problem of discovering frequent temporal patterns in a database of temporal ......

144

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous...

145

Modeling Spatial-Temporal Binary Data Using Markov Random Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Spatial-Temporal Binary Data Using Markov Random Fields Jun Zhu Department of Statistics to the autologistic model for spatial-temporal binary data. The model we propose is a Markov chain across time, where discuss the generality of our approach for modeling other types of spatial-temporal lattice data. Keywords

Huang, Su-Yun

146

Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implementation issues. Database systems with temporal support maintain history data on line together with current. Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems TR86-018 August. #12;Performance Modeling and Access Methods for Temporal Database Management Systems by Ilsoo Ahn

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

147

Generating Descriptions that Summarize Geospatial and Temporal Data Martin Molina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pattern analysis, etc. In addition, geospatial and temporal data summarization can be combined with domainGenerating Descriptions that Summarize Geospatial and Temporal Data Martin Molina Department a knowledge-based method for automatically generating summaries of geospatial and temporal data, i.e. data

Molina, Martín

148

A Foundation for Conventional and Temporal Query Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantially from built-in temporal support in the DBMS. To achieve this, temporal query representation DBMS architectures and ones where the temporal support is obtained via a layer on top of a conventional DBMS. This foundation captures duplicates and ordering for all queries, as well as coalescing

Snodgrass, Richard T.

149

Gunfire characterization and simulation using temporal moments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of band-limited temporal moments is briefly reviewed. An input-output relationship for the band-limited product model is derived. The band-limited product model is then used to characterize and simulate a gunfire record in the following manner. An ensemble of 50 gunfire rounds are averaged to determine the mean response. The mean is subtracted from the original record and the remaining signal is characterized using a smoothed mean square response of the signal filtered into contiguous bandwidths. This operation preserves the lower bandlimited temporal moments of the original data. This smoothed mean square response was used as the deterministic window for the product model. The power spectrum of the response with the mean removed is used to estimate the spectrum for the random part a product model. An additional step varied the repetition rate in a random manner of the simulated gunfire rounds to match the original record in a statistical sense.

Smallwood, D.O.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Global Onshore Wind Speed Distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power, a renewable energy source, can play an important role in electrical energy generation. Information regarding wind energy potential is important both for energy related modeling and for decision-making in the policy community. While wind speed datasets with high spatial and temporal resolution are often ultimately used for detailed planning, simpler assumptions are often used in analysis work. An accurate representation of the wind speed frequency distribution is needed in order to properly characterize wind energy potential. Using a power density method, this study estimated global variation in wind parameters as fitted to a Weibull density function using NCEP/CFSR reanalysis data. The estimated Weibull distribution performs well in fitting the time series wind speed data at the global level according to R2, root mean square error, and power density error. The spatial, decadal, and seasonal patterns of wind speed distribution were then evaluated. We also analyzed the potential error in wind power estimation when a commonly assumed Rayleigh distribution (Weibull k = 2) is used. We find that the assumption of the same Weibull parameter across large regions can result in substantial errors. While large-scale wind speed data is often presented in the form of average wind speeds, these results highlight the need to also provide information on the wind speed distribution.

Zhou, Yuyu; Smith, Steven J.

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

151

Global Representation of the Fine Structure Constant and its Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fine structure constant, alpha, is shown to be proportional to the ratio of the quanta of electric and magnetic flux of force of the electron, and provides a new representation, which is global across all unit systems. Consequently, a variation in alpha was shown to manifest due to a differential change in the fraction of the quanta of electric and magnetic flux of force, while a variation in hcross.c was shown to manifest due to the common mode change. The representation is discussed with respect to the running of the fine structure constant at high energies (small distances), and a putative temporal drift. It is shown that the running of the fine structure constant is due to equal components of electric screening (polarization of vacuum) and magnetic anti-screening (magnetization of vacuum), which cause the perceived quanta of electric charge to increase at small distances, while the magnetic flux quanta decreases. This introduces the concept of the bare magnetic flux quanta as well as the bare electric charge. With regards to temporal drift, it is confirmed that it is impossible to determine which fundamental constant is varying if alpha varies.

Michael Edmund Tobar

2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

Performance of the nested grid model during cold air outbreaks and periods of return flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Return ot Wind and Geopotential Height Field Evolution 103 1) Offshore Flow Phase . . 2) Onshore Flow and the Low ? Level Jet. . . . 3) Extreme Case of 10-14 February 1988. . . . 105 117 126 7. REAL TIME VERIFICATION. . 132 a Satellite Data. b... and associated return flows are isolated. A good index of these cycles is the 950 mb meridional wind component. Composites and individual cases of the horizontal, vertical, and temporal structure of wind, temperature, and moisture are diagnosed for the NGM...

Janish, Paul Richard

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Variational Principle of Hydrodynamics and Quantization by Stochastic Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The well-known hydrodynamical representation of the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation is reformulated by extending the idea of Nelson-Yasue's stochastic variational method. The fluid flow is composed by the two stochastic processes from the past and the future, which are unified naturally by the principle of maximum entropy. We show that this formulation is easily applicable to the quantization of scalar fields.

T. Kodama; T. Koide

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

Determination of Transport Properties From Flowing Fluid Temperature LoggingIn Unsaturated Fractured Rocks: Theory And Semi-Analytical Solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flowing fluid temperature logging (FFTL) has been recently proposed as a method to locate flowing fractures. We argue that FFTL, backed up by data from high-precision distributed temperature sensors, can be a useful tool in locating flowing fractures and in estimating the transport properties of unsaturated fractured rocks. We have developed the theoretical background needed to analyze data from FFTL. In this paper, we present a simplified conceptualization of FFTL in unsaturated fractured rock, and develop a semianalytical solution for spatial and temporal variations of pressure and temperature inside a borehole in response to an applied perturbation (pumping of air from the borehole). We compare the semi-analytical solution with predictions from the TOUGH2 numerical simulator. Based on the semi-analytical solution, we propose a method to estimate the permeability of the fracture continuum surrounding the borehole. Using this proposed method, we estimated the effective fracture continuum permeability of the unsaturated rock hosting the Drift Scale Test (DST) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Our estimate compares well with previous independent estimates for fracture permeability of the DST host rock. The conceptual model of FFTL presented in this paper is based on the assumptions of single-phase flow, convection-only heat transfer, and negligible change in system state of the rock formation. In a sequel paper [Mukhopadhyay et al., 2008], we extend the conceptual model to evaluate some of these assumptions. We also perform inverse modeling of FFTL data to estimate, in addition to permeability, other transport parameters (such as porosity and thermal conductivity) of unsaturated fractured rocks.

Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Tsang, Yvonne W.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Low volume flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The low flow monitor provides a means for determining if a fluid flow meets a minimum threshold level of flow. The low flow monitor operates with a minimum of intrusion by the flow detection device into the flow. The electrical portion of the monitor is externally located with respect to the fluid stream which allows for repairs to the monitor without disrupting the flow. The electronics provide for the adjustment of the threshold level to meet the required conditions. The apparatus can be modified to provide an upper limit to the flow monitor by providing for a parallel electronic circuit which provides for a bracketing of the desired flow rate.

Meixler, Lewis D. (East Windsor, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Quantization of systems with temporally varying discretization. I. Evolving Hilbert spaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A temporally varying discretization often features in discrete gravitational systems and appears in lattice field theory models subject to a coarse graining or refining dynamics. To better understand such discretization changing dynamics in the quantum theory, an according formalism for constrained variational discrete systems is constructed. While this paper focuses on global evolution moves and, for simplicity, restricts to flat configuration spaces R{sup N}, a Paper II [P. A. Höhn, “Quantization of systems with temporally varying discretization. II. Local evolution moves,” J. Math. Phys., e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1401.7731 [gr-qc].] discusses local evolution moves. In order to link the covariant and canonical picture, the dynamics of the quantum states is generated by propagators which satisfy the canonical constraints and are constructed using the action and group averaging projectors. This projector formalism offers a systematic method for tracing and regularizing divergences in the resulting state sums. Non-trivial coarse graining evolution moves lead to non-unitary, and thus irreversible, projections of physical Hilbert spaces and Dirac observables such that these concepts become evolution move dependent on temporally varying discretizations. The formalism is illustrated in a toy model mimicking a “creation from nothing.” Subtleties arising when applying such a formalism to quantum gravity models are discussed.

Höhn, Philipp A., E-mail: phoehn@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Optical monitor for observing turbulent flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides an apparatus and method for non-invasively monitoring turbulent fluid flows including anisotropic flows. The present invention uses an optical technique to filter out the rays travelling in a straight line, while transmitting rays with turbulence induced fluctuations in time. The output is two dimensional, and can provide data regarding the spectral intensity distribution, or a view of the turbulence in real time. The optical monitor of the present invention comprises a laser that produces a coherent output beam that is directed through a fluid flow, which phase-modulates the beam. The beam is applied to a temporal filter that filters out the rays in the beam that are straight, while substantially transmitting the fluctuating, turbulence-induced rays. The temporal filter includes a lens and a photorefractive crystal such as BaTiO.sub.3 that is positioned in the converging section of the beam near the focal plane. An imaging system is used to observe the filtered beam. The imaging system may take a photograph, or it may include a real time camera that is connected to a computer. The present invention may be used for many purposes including research and design in aeronautics, hydrodynamics, and combustion.

Albrecht, Georg F. (Livermore, CA); Moore, Thomas R. (Rochester, NY)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Video sculpture:spatio-temporal warping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Committee) Carol LaFayette (Member) John Keyser (Member) Phillip Tabb (Head of Department) December 2003 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Video Sculpture: Spatio-temporal Warping. (December 2003) Jeff Groves, B.S., Portland State University..., 2002. [22] J. Groves, Journeys in Space and Time. digital video, 2003. 35 VITA Jeff Groves 1402 Kirkwood Unit A Austin, TX 78722 jgroves@viz.tamu.edu Education M.S. in Visualization Sciences Texas A&M University, 12/03 B.S. in Architecture Portland...

Groves, Jeff David

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

159

Propeller Flow Meter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Propeller flow meters are commonly used to measure water flow rate. They can also be used to estimate irrigation water use. This publication explains how to select, install, read and maintain propeller flow meters....

Enciso, Juan; Santistevan, Dean; Hla, Aung K.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Dispersed flow film boiling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersed flow consists of small liquid droplets entrained in a flowing vapor. This flow regime can occur in cryogenic equipment, in steam generators, and during nuclear reactor loss of coolant accidents. A theoretical ...

Yoder, Graydon L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bacteria in shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bacteria are ubiquitous and play a critical role in many contexts. Their environment is nearly always dynamic due to the prevalence of fluid flow: creeping flow in soil, highly sheared flow in bodily conduits, and turbulent ...

Marcos, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Conductivity Relationship for Steady-state Unsaturated Flow Processes under Optimal Flow Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimality principles have been used for investigating physical processes in different areas. This work attempts to apply an optimal principle (that water flow resistance is minimized on global scale) to steady-state unsaturated flow processes. Based on the calculus of variations, we show that under optimal conditions, hydraulic conductivity for steady-state unsaturated flow is proportional to a power function of the magnitude of water flux. This relationship is consistent with an intuitive expectation that for an optimal water flow system, locations where relatively large water fluxes occur should correspond to relatively small resistance (or large conductance). Similar results were also obtained for hydraulic structures in river basins and tree leaves, as reported in other studies. Consistence of this theoretical result with observed fingering-flow behavior in unsaturated soils and an existing model is also demonstrated.

Liu, H. H.

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

GSTP: A Temporal Reasoning System Supporting Multi-Granularity Temporal Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and algorithms proposed in the literature for Temporal Constraint Satisfaction Problems (TCSP) have essentially granularity, so that some of the standard algorithms for CSP, like consistency checking through arc- or path adopting these conversions as the only tool to reduce the problem to a standard CSP is in- evitably

Mascetti, Sergio

164

Multiphase flow calculation software  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Multiphase flow calculation software and computer-readable media carrying computer executable instructions for calculating liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of high void fraction multiphase flows. The multiphase flow calculation software employs various given, or experimentally determined, parameters in conjunction with a plurality of pressure differentials of a multiphase flow, preferably supplied by a differential pressure flowmeter or the like, to determine liquid and gas phase mass flow rates of the high void fraction multiphase flows. Embodiments of the multiphase flow calculation software are suitable for use in a variety of applications, including real-time management and control of an object system.

Fincke, James R. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

analise temporal das: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Series IfI-07-11 12;Impressum Richter (Technical Computer Science) Prof. Dr. Gabriel Zachmann (Computer Graphics) 12;Markov Temporal of Markov chains and Markov decision...

167

Taylor bubble-train flows and heat transfer in the context of Pulsating Balkrishna Mehta, Sameer Khandekar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taylor bubble-train flows and heat transfer in the context of Pulsating Heat Pipes Balkrishna Mehta Nusselt number Heat transfer enhancement a b s t r a c t Understanding the performance of Pulsating Heat Pipes (PHPs) requires spatio-temporally coupled, flow and heat transfer information during the self

Khandekar, Sameer

168

Comparative Analysis of Proteome and Transcriptome Variation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparative Analysis of Proteome and Transcriptome Variation in Mouse. Comparative Analysis of Proteome and Transcriptome Variation in Mouse. Abstract: The relationships between...

169

Counterintuitive temporal shape of single photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prepare heralded single photons from a photon pair source based on non-degenerate four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble via a cascade decay scheme. Their statistics shows strong antibunching with g(2)(0) < 0.03, indicating a near single photon character. In an optical homodyne experiment, we directly measure the temporal envelope of these photons and find, depending on the heralding scheme, an exponentially decaying or rising profile. The rising envelope will be useful for efficient interaction between single photons and microscopic systems like single atoms and molecules. At the same time, their observation illustrates the breakdown of a realistic interpretation of the heralding process in terms of defining an initial condition of a physical system.

Gurpreet Kaur Gulati; Bharath Srivathsan; Brenda Chng; Alessandro Cerè; Dzmitry Matsukevich; Christian Kurtsiefer

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Portable wastewater flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under fill pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

171

Portable wastewater flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under full pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Precision electron flow measurements in a disk transmission line.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytic model for electron flow in a system driving a fixed inductive load is described and evaluated with particle in cell simulations. The simple model allows determining the impedance profile for a magnetically insulated transmission line given the minimum gap desired, and the lumped inductance inside the transition to the minimum gap. The model allows specifying the relative electron flow along the power flow direction, including cases where the fractional electron flow decreases in the power flow direction. The electrons are able to return to the cathode because they gain energy from the temporally rising magnetic field. The simulations were done with small cell size to reduce numerical heating. An experiment to compare electron flow to the simulations was done. The measured electron flow is {approx}33% of the value from the simulations. The discrepancy is assumed to be due to a reversed electric field at the cathode because of the inductive load and falling electron drift velocity in the power flow direction. The simulations constrain the cathode electric field to zero, which gives the highest possible electron flow.

Clark, Waylon T.; Pelock, Michael D.; Martin, Jeremy Paul; Jackson, Daniel Peter Jr.; Savage, Mark Edward; Stoltzfus, Brian Scott; Mendel, Clifford Will, Jr.; Pointon, Timothy David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nested Temporal Networks with Alternatives Roman Bartk*, Ondej Cepek*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested Temporal Networks with Alternatives Roman Barták*, Ondej Cepek* *Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics Malostranské nám. 2/25, 118 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic {roman.bartak, ondrej logical and temporal constraints and respect some other constraints, (e.g. some nodes may be pre

Bartak, Roman

174

STQL --A SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUERY LANGUAGE Martin Erwig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evolutions of spatial objects over time. We consider spatio- temporal operations that are particularly useful is to provide a DBMS data model and query language capable of handling such time-dependent geome- tries. Thereby. Our modeling also includes the sim- pler, discrete case where temporal evolutions are stepwise

Erwig, Martin

175

Adaptable Query Optimization and Evaluation in Temporal Middleware  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that such data- base applications may benefit substantially from built-in temporal support in the DBMS the DBMS proper or as a source level translation from temporal queries to conventional SQL. This paper proposes a new approach: using a middleware component on top of a conventional DBMS. This component accepts

Snodgrass, Richard T.

176

ACCELERATED SPATIO-TEMPORAL WAVELET TRANSFORMS: AN ITERATIVE TRAJECTORY ESTIMATION. *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED SPATIO-TEMPORAL WAVELET TRANSFORMS: AN ITERATIVE TRAJECTORY ESTIMATION. * Jean accelerated motion in spatio-temporal discrete sig- nals. It is assumed that the digital signals of inter- est, they contain all the orders of acceleration. The purpose of this work is to estimate the trajectory

Wickerhauser, M. Victor

177

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global

Kent, University of

178

analyze temporal dynamics: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analyze temporal dynamics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 ATT: Analyzing Temporal...

179

Temporal, Spatial, and Morphologic Features of Hair Cell Regeneration in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal, Spatial, and Morphologic Features of Hair Cell Regeneration in the Avian Basilar Papilla 98195-7923 ABSTRACT Hair cell­selective antibodies were used in combination with the nucleotide bromode- oxyuridine (BrdU) to examine the temporal, spatial, and morphologic progression of auditory hair cell

Rubel, Edwin

180

Stratum Approaches to Temporal DBMS Implementation Kristian Torp Christian S. Jensen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stratum Approaches to Temporal DBMS Implementation Kristian Torp Christian S. Jensen Department temporal DBMSs have assumed that a temporal DBMS must be built from scratch, employing an integrated a temporal DBMS as a stratum on top of an existing non-temporal DBMS, rendering implementation more feasible

Snodgrass, Richard T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Regularization of Nonmonotone Variational Inequalities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we extend the Tikhonov-Browder regularization scheme from monotone to rather a general class of nonmonotone multivalued variational inequalities. We show that their convergence conditions hold for some classes of perfectly and nonperfectly competitive economic equilibrium problems.

Konnov, Igor V. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Kazan University, ul. Kremlevskaya 18, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Igor.Konnov@ksu.ru; Ali, M.S.S. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mazurkevich, E.O. [Informatics Problems Institute of AS RT, Kazan 420012 (Russian Federation)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Infrastructure Analysis Tools: A Focus on Cash Flow Analysis (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL has developed and maintains a variety of infrastructure analysis models for the U.S. Department of Energy. Business case analysis has recently been added to this tool set. This presentation focuses on cash flow analysis. Cash flows depend upon infrastructure costs, optimized spatially and temporally, and assumptions about financing and revenue. NREL has incorporated detailed metrics on financing and incentives into the models. Next steps in modeling include continuing to collect feedback on regional/local infrastructure development activities and 'roadmap' dynamics, and incorporating consumer preference assumptions on infrastructure to provide direct feedback between vehicles and station rollout.

Melaina, M.; Penev, M.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Anomalous diffusion for inertial particles under gravity in parallel flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the bounds between normal or anomalous effective diffusion for inertial particles transported by parallel flows. The infrared behavior of the fluid kinetic-energy spectrum, i.e. the possible presence of long-range spatio-temporal correlations, is modeled as a power law by means of two parameters, and the problem is studied as a function of these latter. Our results, obtained in the limit of weak relative inertia, extend well-known results for tracers and apply to particles of any mass density, subject to gravity and Brownian diffusion. We consider both steady and time-dependent flows, and cases of both vanishing and finite particle sedimentation.

Marco Martins Afonso

2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

184

Weak-strong clustering transition in renewing compressible flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the statistical properties of Lagrangian tracers transported by a time-correlated compressible renewing flow. We show that the preferential sampling of the phase space performed by tracers yields significant differences between the Lagrangian statistics and its Eulerian counterpart. In particular, the effective compressibility experienced by tracers has a non-trivial dependence on the time correlation of the flow. We examine the consequence of this phenomenon on the clustering of tracers, focusing on the transition from the weak- to the strong-clustering regime. We find that the critical compressibility at which the transition occurs is minimum when the time correlation of the flow is of the order of the typical eddy turnover time. Further, we demonstrate that the clustering properties in time-correlated compressible flows are non-universal and are strongly influenced by the spatio-temporal structure of the velocity field.

Ajinkya Dhanagare; Stefano Musacchio; Dario Vincenzi

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Professional Human Capital Flows: Temporal Structure of Loss, Replacement and Contingent Bundling Effects on Firm Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to appropriate more value than s/he brings to the new firm (Coff, _______________ This dissertation follows the style of Academy of Management Journal. 2 Pa ge 2 2011; 1999). Despite the evidence that losing and gaining PHC can negatively affect...

Brymer, Rhett

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

186

Polarized quasiperiodic structures in pulsar radio emission reflect temporal modulations of non-stationary plasma flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bright single pulses of many radio pulsars show rapid intensity fluctuations (called microstructure) when observed with time resolutions of tens of microseconds. Here, we report an analysis of Arecibo 59.5 $\\mu$sec-resolution polarimetric observations of 11 P-band and 32 L-band pulsars with periods ranging from 150 msec to 3.7 sec. These higher frequency observations forms the most reliable basis for detailed microstructure studies. Close inspection of individual pulses reveals that most pulses exhibit quasiperiodicities with a well-defined periodicity timescale ($P_{\\mu}$). While we find some pulses with deeply modulating microstructure, most pulses show low-amplitude modulations on top of broad smooth subpulses features, thereby making it difficult to infer periodicities. We have developed a method for such low-amplitude fluctuations wherein a smooth subpulse envelope is subtracted from each de-noised subpulse; the fluctuating portion of each subpulse is then used to estimate $P_{\\mu}$ via autocorrelation a...

Mitra, Dipanjan; Rankin, Joanna M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Two-phase air-water stratified flow measurement using ultrasonic techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a time resolved ultrasound system was developed for investigating two-phase air-water stratified flow. The hardware of the system includes a pulsed wave transducer, a pulser/receiver, and a digital oscilloscope. The time domain cross correlation method is used to calculate the velocity profile along ultrasonic beam. The system is able to provide velocities with spatial resolution of around 1mm and the temporal resolution of 200?s. Experiments were carried out on single phase water flow and two-phase air-water stratified flow. For single phase water flow, the flow rates from ultrasound system were compared with those from electromagnetic flow (EM) meter, which showed good agreement. Then, the experiments were conducted on two-phase air-water stratified flow and the results were given. Compared with liquid height measurement from conductance probe, it indicated that the measured velocities were explainable.

Fan, Shiwei; Yan, Tinghu; Yeung, Hoi [School of Engineering, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL (United Kingdom)

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Numerical integration of variational equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present and compare different numerical schemes for the integration of the variational equations of autonomous Hamiltonian systems whose kinetic energy is quadratic in the generalized momenta and whose potential is a function of the generalized positions. We apply these techniques to Hamiltonian systems of various degrees of freedom, and investigate their efficiency in accurately reproducing well-known properties of chaos indicators like the Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents (LCEs) and the Generalized Alignment Indices (GALIs). We find that the best numerical performance is exhibited by the \\textit{`tangent map (TM) method'}, a scheme based on symplectic integration techniques which proves to be optimal in speed and accuracy. According to this method, a symplectic integrator is used to approximate the solution of the Hamilton's equations of motion by the repeated action of a symplectic map $S$, while the corresponding tangent map $TS$, is used for the integration of the variational equations. A simple and systematic technique to construct $TS$ is also presented.

Ch. Skokos; E. Gerlach

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

189

Ultrasonic flow metering system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for determining the density, flow velocity, and mass flow of a fluid comprising at least one sing-around circuit that determines the velocity of a signal in the fluid and that is correlatable to a database for the fluid. A system for determining flow velocity uses two of the inventive circuits with directional transmitters and receivers, one of which is set at an angle to the direction of flow that is different from the others.

Gomm, Tyler J. (Meridian, ID); Kraft, Nancy C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Mauseth, Jason A. (Pocatello, ID); Phelps, Larry D. (Pocatello, ID); Taylor, Steven C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Quantization of systems with temporally varying discretization. II. Local evolution moves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several quantum gravity approaches and field theory on an evolving lattice involve a discretization changing dynamics generated by evolution moves. Local evolution moves in variational discrete systems (1) are a generalization of the Pachner evolution moves of simplicial gravity models, (2) update only a small subset of the dynamical data, (3) change the number of kinematical and physical degrees of freedom, and (4) generate a dynamical (or canonical) coarse graining or refining of the underlying discretization. To systematically explore such local moves and their implications in the quantum theory, this article suitably expands the quantum formalism for global evolution moves, constructed in Paper I [P. A. Höhn, “Quantization of systems with temporally varying discretization. I. Evolving Hilbert spaces,” J. Math. Phys. 55, 083508 (2014); e-print http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1401.6062 [gr-qc

Höhn, Philipp A., E-mail: phoehn@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Temporal condensed matter physics in gas-filled photonic crystal fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raman effect in gases can generate an extremely long-living wave of coherence that can lead to the establishment of an almost perfect periodic variation of the medium refractive index. We show theoretically and numerically that the equations, regulate the pulse propagation in hollow-core photonic crystal fibers filled by Raman-active gas, are exactly identical to a classical problem in quantum condensed matter physics -- but with the role of space and time reversed -- namely an electron in a periodic potential subject to a constant electric field. We are therefore able to infer the existence of Wannier-Stark ladders, Bloch oscillations, and Zener tunneling, phenomena that are normally associated with condensed matter physics only, now realized with purely optical means in the temporal domain.

Saleh, Mohammed F; Tran, Truong X; Marini, Andrea; Belli, Federico; Abdolvand, Amir; Biancalana, Fabio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing spatial-temporal gene-expression...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medicine 13 SPATIAL-TEMPORAL TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTION AND COMPRESSION OF SOIL FERTILITY DATA Summary: SPATIAL-TEMPORAL TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTION AND COMPRESSION OF SOIL FERTILITY...

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustics temporal patterns Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that affects the rate... temporal processing tasks" (p. 14), "defect in temporal acoustic processing" (p. 22), and the like are used... .g., HLH, LHL). Halperin et al. (1973)...

195

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscaglia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscaglia Keywords: Surface tension Marangoni force Capillarity Virtual-work principle Surface gradient Laplace-Beltrami operator a b s t r a c t The interest in the simulation of flows with significant surface tension effects

Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

196

Variation of hydraulic conductance of some adult conifers under natural conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variation of hydraulic conductance of some adult conifers under natural conditions A. Granier, N; in the liquid phase, the flow depends upon water potential gradients and hydraulic conductance from the soil present here some evaluations of hydraulic conductance of trees growing under natural conditions. Data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

Intracranial Pressure Variation Associated with Changes in End-Tidal CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intracranial Pressure Variation Associated with Changes in End-Tidal CO2 Sunghan Kim, James Mc that the partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2) can affect cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume, and therefore ICP. The end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) is usually monitored by clinicians as a proxy for PaCO2. We show

198

DNA Content Variation and Its Significance in the Evolution of the Genus Micrasterias (Desmidiales,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in their evolutionary history. However, study of genome size variation in microalgae lags behind that of higher plants Micrasterias. We applied flow-cytometric techniques of DNA quantification to microalgae and mapped the importance of cell/life cycle studies for interpretation of DNA content measurements in microalgae. Citation

199

Optimizing Motion Estimation with Linear Programming and Detail-Preserving Variational Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-preserving variational method to upgrade the result into a dense motion field. The proposed scheme is much faster thanD scene reconstruction. Optical flow based meth- ods have been intensively studied for the small scale mo- tion estimation problem, e.g. the motion analysis of succes- sive frames in a high frame

Drew, Mark S.

200

Multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamics with anisotropy and flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an extension of the multi-region relaxed magnetohydrodynamics (MRxMHD) equilibrium model that includes pressure anisotropy and general plasma flows. This anisotropic extension to our previous isotropic model is motivated by Sun and Finn's model of relaxed anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic equilibria. We prove that as the number of plasma regions becomes infinite, our anisotropic extension of MRxMHD reduces to anisotropic ideal MHD with flow. The continuously nested flux surface limit of our MRxMHD model is the first variational principle for anisotropic plasma equilibria with general flow fields.

Dennis, G. R., E-mail: graham.dennis@anu.edu.au; Dewar, R. L.; Hole, M. J. [Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Hudson, S. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Psychophysical Indexes of Temporal Processing Abnormalities in Children  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Psychophysical Indexes of Temporal Processing Abnormalities in Children With Developmental Dyslexia of Ophthalmology University of British Columbia, Canada Children with dyslexia and children progressing normally differen- tiate children with dyslexia from children with average reading abilities; (b) the ex- tent

Dougherty, Bob

202

Cineplastic : temporal paradox in the movement-image medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It could be argued that the term 'digital' as a prefix to architecture is evidence that contemporary design practice is lost in time. Modernity's predilection of spatial constructs over temporal ones continues to cast a ...

Hanks, Travis W. (Travis Wesley)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Study on spatio-temporal properties of rainfall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, area, season, region, and precipitation depth). The stochastic model for temporal disaggregation of rainfall data was evaluated across Texas. The hourly historic data from the selected 531 hourly gauges in Texas were used to evaluate the model...

Choi, Janghwoan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

204

Runtime Verification of Temporal Patterns for Dynamic Reconfigurations of Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Olga Kouchnarenko1 , and Arnaud Lanoix2 1 University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France {jdormoy Software - FACS 2011 (2011)" #12;In [14], we have proposed a temporal pattern logic, called FTPL, to char

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Using Temporal Logic for Dynamic Reconfigurations of Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Temporal Logic for Dynamic Reconfigurations of Components Julien Dormoy1 , Olga Kouchnarenko1, published in "FACS 2010, 7th Int. Ws. on Formal Aspects of Component Software, Portugal (2010)" #12;More

Boyer, Edmond

206

Using Temporal Logic for Dynamic Reconfigurations of Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Temporal Logic for Dynamic Reconfigurations of Components Julien Dormoy1 , Olga Kouchnarenko1, published in "7th International Workshop on Formal Aspects of Component Software - FACS'2010 (2010)" #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

207

Temporal Features for Broadcast News Segmentation Michael T. Johnson1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Features for Broadcast News Segmentation Michael T. Johnson1 and Leah H. Jamieson2 1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI mike.johnson

Johnson, Michael T.

208

Process Abstraction in the Verification of Temporal Properties   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as abstraction operations. We show that an abstract process satisfies a property expressed as a temporal logic formula just if the original process satisfies a transformed formula. We define various abstraction operators and illustrate their use in verification...

Bruns, Glen R

209

Relative permeability for two-phase flow through corrugated tubes as model porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale simulation, moving contact line, Cahn-Hilliard model, lubrication effect Corresponding author Email address of the solid wall, pore geometry, and the initial configuration. The effects of these factors are explored, for example. Finally, transient flows, such as occur in water- oil displacement, produce temporal and spatial

Feng, James J.

210

Shallow soil CO2 flow along the San Andreas and Calaveras Faults, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shallow soil CO2 flow along the San Andreas and Calaveras Faults, California J. L. Lewicki,1,2 W. C soil CO2 survey along the San Andreas fault (SAF) in Parkfield, and the Calaveras fault (CF) in Hollister, California, in the context of spatial and temporal variability, origin, and transport of CO2

Hilley, George

211

Stochastic analysis of transient flow to a well in a heterogeneous aquifer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Arizona) Mentors: Shlomo P. Neuman (U of Arizona) Daniel Tartakovsky (LANL-T7) Introduction of potable water on Earth. The term groundwater is usually used to describe water that is beneath the water groundwater flow are generally uncertain in their exact nature, magnitude, and spatio- temporal distribution

Kurien, Susan

212

A New Approach to Computing Max Flows using Electrical Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Approach to Computing Max Flows using Electrical Flows Yin Tat Lee (MIT) Satish Rao (UC-Kelner-Madry-Spielman-Teng'11]: approximate flow in time Uses electrical flows. 7 #12;Electrical Flows 3 1 S t 8 #12;Electrical Flows Identify Graph with Resistor Network R(e)=1/w(e) 1/3 S t 1 9 #12;Electrical Flows Electrical flow

Rajamani, Sriram K.

213

Low flow fume hood  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fume hood is provided having an adequate level of safety while reducing the amount of air exhausted from the hood. A displacement flow fume hood works on the principal of a displacement flow which displaces the volume currently present in the hood using a push-pull system. The displacement flow includes a plurality of air supplies which provide fresh air, preferably having laminar flow, to the fume hood. The displacement flow fume hood also includes an air exhaust which pulls air from the work chamber in a minimally turbulent manner. As the displacement flow produces a substantially consistent and minimally turbulent flow in the hood, inconsistent flow patterns associated with contaminant escape from the hood are minimized. The displacement flow fume hood largely reduces the need to exhaust large amounts of air from the hood. It has been shown that exhaust air flow reductions of up to 70% are possible without a decrease in the hood's containment performance. The fume hood also includes a number of structural adaptations which facilitate consistent and minimally turbulent flow within a fume hood.

Bell, Geoffrey C. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Feustel, Helmut E. (Albany, CA); Dickerhoff, Darryl J. (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Border flow rights and Contracts for differences of differences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

marginal price for energy that it delivers to the rest of the system and pays the locational marginal price analogously to "contracts for differences" (CFDs) that are used to hedge locational marginal price variation implementation of the border flow rights model, the owner of a transmission line or lines is paid the locational

Baldick, Ross

215

An Environmental Variation of Constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of modified gravity, whereby local tests of gravity are evaded thanks to a screening mechanism of the chameleon or Damour-Polyakov types, lead to a spatial variation of the particle masses and the fine structure constant. This is triggered by the environmental dependence of the value of the scalar field whose presence modifies gravity. In dense media, the field settles at a density dependent value while in sparse environments it takes the background cosmological value. We estimate that the maximal deviation of constants from their present values is constrained by local tests of gravity, and must be less than $10^{-6}$.

Philippe Brax

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

216

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group andCompositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures

217

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity InvolvementCompositional Variation Within Hybrid

218

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity InvolvementCompositional Variation Within

219

Plio-Pleistocene time-averaged field in southern Patagonia recorded in lava flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plio-Pleistocene time-averaged field in southern Patagonia recorded in lava flows V. Mejia and N. D of 53 lava flows from southern Patagonia (latitudes 49.5°­52.1°S) that include the Pali-Aike volcanic, 7 figures, 3 tables. Keywords: paleomagnetic secular variation; Patagonia; Pali-Aike Volcanic Field

Singer, Bradley S.

220

Soil respiration and microbial biomass in a savanna parkland landscape: spatio-temporal variation and environmental controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 CHAPTER Influence of Tree-Grass Dynamics on Nutrient Cycling in Savanna Ecosystems . Page 51 V CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX I . APPENDIX II APPENDIX III APPENDIX IV APPENDIX V 54 57 66 76 96 99 VITA 102 LIST OF TABLES TABLE... 173+ 118' 182+ 35' 356+ 105 ramage 83+48 133+ 50' 232+ 96 s number of understory shrub species in wooded elements; number of herbaceous species in grassland patches. 16 ~ 0-10 cm ~ 10-20 cm ~ Soil Temp 20 Grassland T =45. 8'C T 6=6. 2'C 40...

McCulley, Rebecca Lynne

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL VARIATION OF ATMOSPHERICALLY DEPOSITED ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS AT HIGH ELEVATION IN YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK, CALIFORNIA, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be transported tens of kilometers and deposited in adjacent mountains in many parts of the world. Atmospherically guidelines or critical thresholds in both parks. A general pattern of difference between Yosemite and Sequoia to organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. Variability of chemical concentrations among sites, between sampling

Knapp, Roland

222

Trophic ecology of the invasive argentine ant: spatio-temporal variation in resource assimilation and isotopic enrichment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

colonies in circular plastic containers (28 cm in diameter)L pots) inside a larger plastic container (27 9 66 9 40 cm).

Menke, Sean B.; Suarez, Andy V.; Tillberg, Chadwick V.; Chou, Cheng T.; Holway, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Temporal and spatial distribution of the black-legged tick, Ixodes scapularis, in Texas and its association with climate variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2012. These collections were obtained from 11 different host-types from October to March, suggesting subsequent immature activity in spring and early summer. County-level data show I. scapularis collections from East Texas to the Rio Grande, with the greatest prevalence...

Santelises, Joshua Steven

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

224

Temporal and spatial variations of butyltin concentrations in bivalve and sediment samples from some coastal areas of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and Duncan's new multiple range test. A 95% confidence level was selected for all the statistical analyses perl'armed. In order to discriminate if two avcragcs obtained were equal or different, ANOVA analysis (OTT, 1984) was performed on thc tncans of thc... butyltin 24 concentrations obtained for each site from Galveston Bay. The data sets were ranked (CONOVER and JMAN, 1981) and then compared by Duncan's new muhiple range test (OTT, 1984). Although the ranking procedure is laborious, this method...

Garcia-Romero, Bernardo

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Laboratory measurements of the temporal and cross-shore variation of the wave-induced bed stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed laboratory measurements of horizontal velocity above a rough, fixed, impermeable slope were made to determine the effect of varying wave conditions on the shear stress in the swash zone. The research involved the design, construction...

Sukumaran, Ashok

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Spatial, Temporal, and Habitat-Related Variation in Abundance of Pelagic Fishes in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mexico: Potential Implications of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Jay R. Rooker1,2 *, Larissa L. Kitchens in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM) before (2007­2009) and after (2010) the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Four in Abundance of Pelagic Fishes in the Gulf of Mexico: Potential Implications of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Rooker, Jay R.

227

A Temporal Approach to Managing Schema Evolution in Object Database Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Temporal Approach to Managing Schema Evolution in Object Database Systems Iqbal A. Goralwalla,duane,ozsug@cs.ualberta.ca randal@cs.umanitoba.ca Abstract The issues of schema evolution and temporal object models are generally of a temporal object model. The result is a uniform treatment of schema evolution and temporal support for many

Szafron, Duane

228

Query Plans for Conventional and Temporal Queries Involving Duplicates and Ordering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantially from built- in temporal support in the DBMS. To achieve this, temporal query representation for providing temporal support both via a stand-alone temporal DBMS and via a layer on top of a conventional DBMS. By capturing duplicate removal and retention and order preservation for all queries, as well

Snodgrass, Richard T.

229

Turbulent flow in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the possibility of a turbulent flow of electrons in graphene in the hydrodynamic region, by calculating the corresponding turbulent probability density function. This is used to calculate the contribution of the turbulent flow to the conductivity within a quantum Boltzmann approach. The dependence of the conductivity on the system parameters arising from the turbulent flow is very different from that due to scattering.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

Cardiac C-arm computed tomography using a 3D + time ROI reconstruction method with spatial and temporal regularization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Reconstruction of the beating heart in 3D + time in the catheter laboratory using only the available C-arm system would improve diagnosis, guidance, device sizing, and outcome control for intracardiac interventions, e.g., electrophysiology, valvular disease treatment, structural or congenital heart disease. To obtain such a reconstruction, the patient's electrocardiogram (ECG) must be recorded during the acquisition and used in the reconstruction. In this paper, the authors present a 4D reconstruction method aiming to reconstruct the heart from a single sweep 10 s acquisition. Methods: The authors introduce the 4D RecOnstructiOn using Spatial and TEmporal Regularization (short 4D ROOSTER) method, which reconstructs all cardiac phases at once, as a 3D + time volume. The algorithm alternates between a reconstruction step based on conjugate gradient and four regularization steps: enforcing positivity, averaging along time outside a motion mask that contains the heart and vessels, 3D spatial total variation minimization, and 1D temporal total variation minimization. Results: 4D ROOSTER recovers the different temporal representations of a moving Shepp and Logan phantom, and outperforms both ECG-gated simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique and prior image constrained compressed sensing on a clinical case. It generates 3D + time reconstructions with sharp edges which can be used, for example, to estimate the patient's left ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions: 4D ROOSTER can be applied for human cardiac C-arm CT, and potentially in other dynamic tomography areas. It can easily be adapted to other problems as regularization is decoupled from projection and back projection.

Mory, Cyril, E-mail: cyril.mory@philips.com [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon, Université Lyon 1, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France) [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon, Université Lyon 1, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Philips Research Medisys, 33 rue de Verdun, 92156 Suresnes (France); Auvray, Vincent; Zhang, Bo [Philips Research Medisys, 33 rue de Verdun, 92156 Suresnes (France)] [Philips Research Medisys, 33 rue de Verdun, 92156 Suresnes (France); Grass, Michael; Schäfer, Dirk [Philips Research, Röntgenstrasse 24–26, D-22335 Hamburg (Germany)] [Philips Research, Röntgenstrasse 24–26, D-22335 Hamburg (Germany); Chen, S. James; Carroll, John D. [Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Colorado Denver, 12605 East 16th Avenue, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Colorado Denver, 12605 East 16th Avenue, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States); Rit, Simon [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon (France) [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon (France); Université Lyon 1 (France); Centre Léon Bérard, 28 rue Laënnec, F-69373 Lyon (France); Peyrin, Françoise [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon, Université Lyon 1, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France) [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon, Université Lyon 1, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); X-ray Imaging Group, European Synchrotron, Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Douek, Philippe; Boussel, Loïc [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon (France) [Université de Lyon, CREATIS, CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1044, INSA-Lyon (France); Université Lyon 1 (France); Hospices Civils de Lyon, 28 Avenue du Doyen Jean Lépine, 69500 Bron (France)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Detecting Density Variations and Nanovoids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A combination of simulated and experimental data has been used to investigate the size range of nanovoids that can be detected in atom probe tomography data. Simulated atom probe tomography data have revealed that nanovoids as small as 1 nm in diameter can be detected in atom probe tomography data with the use of iso-density surfaces. Iso-density surfaces may be used to quantify the size, morphology and number density of nanovoids and other variations in density in atom probe tomography data. Experimental data from an aluminum-yttrium-iron metallic glass ribbon have revealed the effectiveness of this approach. Combining iso-density surfaces with atom maps also permits the segregation of solute to the nanovoids to be investigated. Field ion microscopy and thin section atom maps have also been used to detect pores and larger voids.

Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Longstreth-Spoor, L. [Washington University, St. Louis; Kelton, K. F. [Washington University, St. Louis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Analytical solutions for the flow of Carreau and Cross fluids in circular pipes and thin slits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, analytical expressions correlating the volumetric flow rate to the pressure drop are derived for the flow of Carreau and Cross fluids through straight rigid circular uniform pipes and long thin slits. The derivation is based on the application of Weissenberg-Rabinowitsch-Mooney-Schofield method to obtain flow solutions for generalized Newtonian fluids through pipes and our adaptation of this method to the flow through slits. The derived expressions are validated by comparing their solutions to the solutions obtained from direct numerical integration. They are also validated by comparison to the solutions obtained from the variational method which we proposed previously. In all the investigated cases, the three methods agree very well. The agreement with the variational method also lends more support to this method and to the variational principle which the method is based upon.

Sochi, Taha

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Grain shape variation and sedimentary processes of the Neogene-Quaternary sediments in Baffin Bay and Labrador Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fractured and overgrown grains. Fractured grains con- tribute to higher harnionic amplitudes of Fourier grain shape measurement; rounded grains contribute to lower harmonic amplitudes of Fourier grain shape iueasurement. The variation in the average grain... shape harmonic aiuplitudes reflects the variation of the three grain types. This varia. tion of fractured grains anil rounded grains are controlled by different sedinientary dynamics iuid(or) different sediiuent sources. 'The southward-directed flow...

Shan, Yongtang

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Productivity & Energy Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

Mitchell, Randall J.

235

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity. 3 figs.

McFarland, A.R.; Rodgers, J.C.; Ortiz, C.A.; Nelson, D.C.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

236

Microelectromechanical flow control apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microelectromechanical (MEM) flow control apparatus is disclosed which includes a fluid channel formed on a substrate from a first layer of a nonconducting material (e.g. silicon nitride). A first electrode is provided on the first layer of the nonconducting material outside the flow channel; and a second electrode is located on a second layer of the nonconducting material above the first layer. A voltage applied between the first and second electrodes deforms the fluid channel to increase its cross-sectional size and thereby increase a flow of a fluid through the channel. In certain embodiments of the present invention, the fluid flow can be decreased or stopped by applying a voltage between the first electrode and the substrate. A peristaltic pumping of the fluid through the channel is also possible when the voltage is applied in turn between a plurality of first electrodes and the substrate. A MEM flow control assembly can also be formed by providing one or more MEM flow control devices on a common substrate together with a submicron filter. The MEM flow control assembly can optionally include a plurality of pressure sensors for monitoring fluid pressure and determining flow rates through the assembly.

Okandan, Murat (NE Albuquerque, NM)

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

237

A Holistic Framework for Environmental Flows Determination in Hydropower Contexts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the ecological science community, the consensus view is that the natural flow regime sustains the ecological integrity of river systems. This prevailing viewpoint by many environmental stakeholders has progressively led to increased pressure on hydropower dam owners to change plant operations to affect downstream river flows with the intention of providing better conditions for aquatic biological communities. Identifying the neccessary magnitude, frequency, duration, timing, or rate of change of stream flows to meet ecological needs in a hydropower context is challenging because the ecological responses to changes in flows may not be fully known, there are usually a multitude of competing users of flow, and implementing environmental flows usually comes at a price to energy production. Realistically, hydropower managers must develop a reduced set of goals that provide the most benefit to the identified ecological needs. As a part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program, the Instream Flow Project (IFP) was carried out by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Argon National Laboratory (ANL) as an attempt to develop tools aimed at defining environmental flow needs for hydropower operations. The application of these tools ranges from national to site-specific scales; thus, the utility of each tool will depend on various phases of the environmental flow process. Given the complexity and sheer volume of applications used to determine environmentally acceptable flows for hydropower, a framework is needed to organize efforts into a staged process dependent upon spatial, temporal, and functional attributes. By far, the predominant domain for determining environmental flows related to hydropower is within the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) relicensing process. This process can take multiple years and can be very expensive depending on the scale of each hydropower project. The utility of such a framework is that it can expedite the environmental flow process by 1) organizing data and applications to identify predictable relationships between flows and ecology, and 2) suggesting when and where tools should be used in the environmental flow process. In addition to regulatory procedures, a framework should also provide the coordination for a comprehensive research agenda to guide the science of environmental flows. This research program has further reaching benefits than just environmental flow determination by providing modeling applications, data, and geospatial layers to inform potential hydropower development. We address several objectives within this document that highlight the limitations of existing environmental flow paradigms and their applications to hydropower while presenting a new framework catered towards hydropower needs. Herein, we address the following objectives: 1) Provide a brief overview of the Natural Flow Regime paradigm and existing environmental flow frameworks that have been used to determine ecologically sensitive stream flows for hydropower operations. 2) Describe a new conceptual framework to aid in determining flows needed to meet ecological objectives with regard to hydropower operations. The framework is centralized around determining predictable relationships between flow and ecological responses. 3) Provide evidence of how efforts from ORNL, PNNL, and ANL have filled some of the gaps in this broader framework, and suggest how the framework can be used to set the stage for a research agenda for environmental flow.

McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Elliptic flow phenomenon at ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize measurements of elliptic flow and higher order flow harmonics performed by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Results on event-averaged flow measurements and event-plane correlations in Pb+Pb collisions are discussed along with the event-by-event flow measurements. Further, we summarize results on flow in p+Pb collisions.

Martin Spousta

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

R & D Supercritiacl CO2/ Rock Chemicals Interactions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

model that couples chemical reactions of mineral dissolution precipitation with spatial and temporal flow variations in CO 2 brinerock systems Principal Investigator:...

240

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) with CO2as Heat Transmission...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

precipitation with spatial and temporal flow variations in CO2brinerock systems Tracer Methods for Characterizing Fracture Stimulation in Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Optimization Online - Variational principles with generalized ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 23, 2014 ... Variational principles with generalized distances and applications to behavioral sciences. T. Q. Bao(btruong ***at*** nmu.edu)

T. Q. Bao

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

242

Optimization Online - Total variation superiorization schemes in ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 8, 2010 ... Total variation superiorization schemes in proton computed tomography ... check improved the image quality, in particular image noise, in the ...

S.N. Penfold

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

243

Algorithms for Bilevel Pseudomonotone Variational Inequality ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 ... Variational innequality (shortlyVI) is a fundamental topic in applied mathematics. VIs are used for formulating and solving various problems arising in

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

244

Shroud leakage flow discouragers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine assembly includes a plurality of rotor blades comprising a root portion, an airfoil having a pressure sidewall and a suction sidewall, and a top portion having a cap. An outer shroud is concentrically disposed about said rotor blades, said shroud in combination with said tip portions defining a clearance gap. At least one circumferential shroud leakage discourager is disposed within the shroud. The leakage discourager(s) increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the clearance gap to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bailey, Jeremy Clyde (Middle Grove, NY); Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Bypass Flow Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments use Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to measure the velocity fields that will populate the bypass flow study database.

Richard Schultz

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Associations among hydrologic classifications and fish traits to support environmental flow standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classification systems are valuable to ecological management in that they organize information into consolidated units thereby providing efficient means to achieve conservation objectives. Of the many ways classifications benefit management, hypothesis generation has been discussed as the most important. However, in order to provide templates for developing and testing ecologically relevant hypotheses, classifications created using environmental variables must be linked to ecological patterns. Herein, we develop associations between a recent US hydrologic classification and fish traits in order to form a template for generating flow ecology hypotheses and supporting environmental flow standard development. Tradeoffs in adaptive strategies for fish were observed across a spectrum of stable, perennial flow to unstable intermittent flow. In accordance with theory, periodic strategists were associated with stable, predictable flow, whereas opportunistic strategists were more affiliated with intermittent, variable flows. We developed linkages between the uniqueness of hydrologic character and ecological distinction among classes, which may translate into predictions between losses in hydrologic uniqueness and ecological community response. Comparisons of classification strength between hydrologic classifications and other frameworks suggested that spatially contiguous classifications with higher regionalization will tend to explain more variation in ecological patterns. Despite explaining less ecological variation than other frameworks, we contend that hydrologic classifications are still useful because they provide a conceptual linkage between hydrologic variation and ecological communities to support flow ecology relationships. Mechanistic associations among fish traits and hydrologic classes support the presumption that environmental flow standards should be developed uniquely for stream classes and ecological communities, therein.

McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Frimpong, Dr. Emmanuel A, [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Plasma flow at a high Mach-number  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unlike the case of static magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibria, where an expansion in large aspect ratio of toroidal devices is common, cases of MHD equilibria with flow are rarely treated this way, and when this is done the expansion tends to be only partial. The main reason for the difference seems to be the difficulty of expanding the larger system of equilibrium equations with flow. Here, we use a recent expansion technique which employs a variational principle to simplify the process [E. Hameiri, Phys. Plasmas 20, 024504 (2013)]. We treat four cases of MHD equilibria with flow, developing their asymptotic expansions in full, and for an application consider the effect of the flow on the Shafranov shift.

Yu, Bing; Hameiri, Eliezer [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University New York, New York 10012 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University New York, New York 10012 (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Composition Pulse Time-Of-Flight Mass Flow Sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for measuring fluid flow rates over a wide range of flow rates (<1 nL/min to >10 .mu.L/min) and at pressures at least as great as 10,000 psi. The invention is particularly adapted for use in microfluidic systems. The device operates by producing compositional variations in the fluid, or pulses, that are subsequently detected downstream from the point of creation to derive a flow rate. Each pulse, comprising a small fluid volume, whose composition is different from the mean composition of the fluid, can be created by electrochemical means, such as by electrolysis of a solvent, electrolysis of a dissolved species, or electrodialysis of a dissolved ionic species. Measurements of the conductivity of the fluid can be used to detect the arrival time of the pulses, from which the fluid flow rate can be determined

Mosier, Bruce P. (San Francisco, CA); Crocker, Robert W. (Fremont, CA); Harnett, Cindy K. (Livermore, CA) l

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

249

Magnetically stimulated fluid flow patterns  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories' Jim Martin and Kyle Solis explain research on the effects of magnetic fields on fluid flows and how they stimulate vigorous flows. Fluid flow is a necessary phenomenon in everything from reactors to cooling engines in cars.

Martin, Jim; Solis, Kyle

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

250

Handling Database Updates in Two-dimensional Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describing the history of the world, the database system can also execute temporal speci cations in the form a reference point or a reference time. If we apply these concepts to the description of databases, the history the history of the world (database), and action is to be executed upon the world in the present or future time

Finger, Marcelo

251

Temporal Conditions and Integrity Constraints in Active Database Systems \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

database history. The evaluation algorithm is also an add­on component, executed on top of, and usingTemporal Conditions and Integrity Constraints in Active Database Systems \\Lambda A. Prasad Sistla, for specifying conditions and events in the rules for active database sys­ tem. This language permits

Wolfson, Ouri E.

252

Logical Data Expiration for Fixpoint Extensions of Temporal Logics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-order temporal logics in their relationship to expiration of database histories. We show that while the past about the past states of the database as well, often in the form of a history of the evolution over database histories, exhibits a severe de#12;ciency that relates to the ability to expire past data

Toman, David

253

Optimal Control with Weighted Average Costs and Temporal Logic Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time than constructing a feasible trajectory. We demonstrate our methods on simulations of autonomous, vehicles, and other cyberphysical systems increases, there is a need for expressive task with respect to some cost function, e.g., time or fuel consumption. Since temporal logic specifications include

Murray, Richard M.

254

argentina tendencia temporal: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

argentina tendencia temporal First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 La Politica de Derechos...

255

Spatio-Temporal Conceptual Models: Data Structures + Space + Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

facilities. Responses to such requirements may be found in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), in some DBMS are needed. Major DBMS tools are incorporating facilities for spatial or temporal data management (e and of durability of the design specifications. It is thus foreseeable that a similar evolution will lead spatio

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

256

The GLIMS Glacier Database: a spatio-temporal database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The GLIMS Glacier Database: a spatio-temporal database implemented using Open Source tools Bruce countries #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;System components PostgreSQL (relational database) PostGIS (geospatial) GDAL (Geospatial Data Abstraction Library) Perl, PHP, Shapelib, ... #12;GLIMS Glacier Database System

Raup, Bruce H.

257

The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy Lujo Bauer , Lorrie Faith Cranor the audience and emphasis of Facebook posts change over time. In a 63-participant longitudinal study, par- ticipants gave their audience and emphasis preferences for up to ten of their Facebook posts in the week

Reiter, Michael

258

Spatio-Temporal Signal Recovery from Political Tweets in Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatio-Temporal Signal Recovery from Political Tweets in Indonesia Anisha Mazumder, Arun Das activity in the provinces of Indonesia. Based on analysis of radical/counter radical sentiments expressed in tweets by Twitter users, we create a Heat Map of Indonesia which visually demonstrates the degree

Davulcu, Hasan

259

Temporal Changes in a Tropical Nekton Assemblage and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Changes in a Tropical Nekton Assemblage and Performance of a Prawn Selective Gear TING and weights of 39 trials conductedfor a selective prawning gear whose performance in bycatch reduc tionI., 1975; Rob erts, 1978; Allen and Coates, 1990), but is extremely rich in the marine coun terpart

260

Blind source separation using spatial and temporal priors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Blind source separation using spatial and temporal priors W D Addison Balliol University of Oxford A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Trinity 2009 2 #12;3 #12 for providing such fine accommodation in Oxford and to my wife for her incredible patience while this thesis

Roberts, Stephen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

TEMPORAL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CONTROL ARCHITECTURE IN AUTOMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEMPORAL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF CONTROL ARCHITECTURE IN AUTOMATION SYSTEMS Pascal Meunier, Bruno, France pascal.meunier@lurpa.ens-cachan.fr (Pascal Meunier) Abstract The performances of automation performances of networked automation system and which guides the engineer throughout the control architecture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

262

Circuit Area Optimization in Energy Temporal Sparse Scenarios for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Circuit Area Optimization in Energy Temporal Sparse Scenarios for Multiple Harvester Powered.alarcon@upc.edu Abstract--Multi-source energy harvesters are gaining interest as a robust alternative to power wireless sensors, since the sensor node can maintain its operation regardless of the fact that one of its energy

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

263

Gravi++: Interactive Information Visualization of Highly Structured Temporal Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tasks or computer tomography visualizations. In the field of medical treatment planning different kindsGravi++: Interactive Information Visualization of Highly Structured Temporal Data Klaus Hinum1, Vienna University of Technology Vienna, Austria, http://ieg.ifs.tuwien.ac.at/projects/in2vis/ Abstract

264

Temporal-Harmonic Specific POD Mode Extraction Gilead Tadmor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal-Harmonic Specific POD Mode Extraction Gilead Tadmor and Daniel Bissex Electrical changes the systems mean field changes significantly, as does the leading shedding harmonic4 , once mode pair will capture harmonically rich time dynamics, reflecting a spatial mix of multiple vortical

Dabiri, John O.

265

Range Temporal Search on Sensor-rich Mobile Videos Preliminaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Range Temporal Search on Sensor-rich Mobile Videos Preliminaries FOV model - A video as a set of video frames - Each video frame is modeled a Field Of View (FOV) based on the metadata (location, orientation, timestamp, etc.) of the video. - Note the size of is the maximum visible distance

Shahabi, Cyrus

266

Temporal Segmentation of Egocentric Videos Yair Poleg Chetan Arora  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Segmentation of Egocentric Videos Yair Poleg Chetan Arora Shmuel Peleg The Hebrew life logging egocentric videos. Browsing such long unstruc- tured videos is time consuming and tedious videos, enabling ef- ficient browsing, indexing and summarization of the long videos. Two sources

Peleg, Shmuel

267

Robust Execution of Temporally Flexible Plans for Bipedal Walking Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

walking machine. An example task for such a system is to walk to a soccer ball and kick it, as shown 02139 hofma@csail.mit.edu, williams@mit.edu Abstract Robotic wheeled rovers have been successfully controlled by activity execution systems that use plans with temporal flexibility to adapt to disturbances

Williams, Brian C.

268

A qualitative model for temporal reasoning with incomplete information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a qualitative framework for temporal reasoning with incomplete information that features a modeling language based on rules and a semantics based on infinitesimal probabilities. The framework relates logical and probabilistical models, and accommodates in a natural way features that have been found problematic in other models like non-determinism, action qualifications, parallel actions, and abduction to actions and fluents.

Geffner, H. [Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas (Venezuela)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Systems for controlling the intensity variations in a laser beam and for frequency conversion thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In order to control the intensity of a laser beam so that its intensity varies uniformly and provides uniform illumination of a target, such as a laser fusion target, a broad bandwidth laser pulse is spectrally dispersed spatially so that the frequency components thereof are spread apart. A disperser (grating) provides an output beam which varies spatially in wavelength in at least one direction transverse to the direction of propagation of the beam. Temporal spread (time delay) across the beam is corrected by using a phase delay device (a time delay compensation echelon). The dispersed beam may be amplified with laser amplifiers and frequency converted (doubled, tripled or quadrupled in frequency) with nonlinear optical elements (birefringent crystals). The spectral variation across the beam is compensated by varying the angle of incidence on one of the crystals with respect to the crystal optical axis utilizing a lens which diverges the beam. Another lens after the frequency converter may be used to recollimate the beam. The frequency converted beam is recombined so that portions of different frequency interfere and, unlike interference between waves of the same wavelength, there results an intensity pattern with rapid temporal oscillations which average out rapidly in time thereby producing uniform illumination on target. A distributed phase plate (also known as a random phase mask), through which the spectrally dispersed beam is passed and then focused on a target, is used to provide the interference pattern which becomes nearly modulation free and uniform in intensity in the direction of the spectral variation. 16 figs.

Skupsky, S.; Craxton, R.S.; Soures, J.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

270

Generating Beta Variates Via Patchwork Rejection \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating Beta Variates Via Patchwork Rejection \\Lambda H. Zechner and E. Stadlober, Graz --- Zusammenfassung Generating Beta Variates Via Patchwork Rejection. A new algorithm for sampling from beta(p; q deviates can often be accepted immediately, so that much fewer than two uniforms are needed for one beta

Stadlober, Ernst

271

A Fitting Robot for Variational Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a robot algorithm to maximise the number of distinct states reliably extracted from correlator data using the variational analysis method. The robot explores the variational parameter space and attempts to remove, as far as possible, the human element from the fitting of the subsequent orthogonalised data.

Alan Ó Cais; Derek Leinweber; Selim Mahbub; Tony Williams

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

272

Nucleotide Frequency Variation Across Human Genes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nucleotide Frequency Variation Across Human Genes Elizabeth Louie, Jurg Ott, and Jacek Majewski1 The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA The frequencies of individual nucleotides exhibit significant fluctuations across eukaryotic genes. In this paper, we investigate nucleotide variation across

Majewski, Jacek

273

Dynamics of wrinkles on a vesicle in external flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent experiments by Kantsler et. al. (2007) have shown that the relaxational dynamics of a vesicle in external elongation flow is accompanied by the formation of wrinkles on a membrane. Motivated by these experiments we present a theory describing the dynamics of a wrinkled membrane. Formation of wrinkles is related to the dynamical instability induced by negative surface tension of the membrane. For quasi-spherical vesicles we perform analytical study of the wrinkle structure dynamics. We derive the expression for the instability threshold and identify three stages of the dynamics. The scaling laws for the temporal evolution of wrinkling wavelength and surface tension are established and confirmed numerically.

K. S. Turitsyn; S. S. Vergeles

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

274

Optical flow switching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present-day networks are being challenged by dramatic increases in bandwidth demand of emerging applications. We will explore a new transport, ldquooptical flow switchingrdquo, that will enable significant growth and ...

Chan, Vincent W. S.

275

Olefin Autoxidation in Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handling hazardous multiphase reactions in flow brings not only safety advantages but also significantly improved performance, due to better mass transfer characteristics. In this paper, we present a continuous microreactor ...

Neuenschwander, Ulrich

276

Parallel flow diffusion battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A parallel flow diffusion battery for determining the mass distribution of an aerosol has a plurality of diffusion cells mounted in parallel to an aerosol stream, each diffusion cell including a stack of mesh wire screens of different density.

Yeh, H.C.; Cheng, Y.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Seismic Anisotropy and Mantle flow beneath Western Venezuela Jeniffer Masy,1 Fenglin Niu1 and Alan Levander1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic Anisotropy and Mantle flow beneath Western Venezuela Jeniffer Masy,1 Fenglin Niu1 and Alan the Caribbean (CAR) and South American (SA) plates in western Venezuela is a wide area where a variety- mic Network of Venezuela. Yellow and red symbols represent temporal de- ployments under the first

Alvarez, Pedro J.

278

A Variational Formulation of Kinematic Waves 1 A VARIATIONAL FORMULATION OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Variational Formulation of Kinematic Waves 1 A VARIATIONAL FORMULATION OF KINEMATIC WAVES proposes two algorithms that, based on a variational version of kinematic wave (KW) theory (Daganzo, 2003, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA ABSTRACT It has been recently shown that all kinematic

Daganzo, Carlos F.

279

Experimental and theoretical studies of the effects of nonuniformities in nonequilibrium magnetohydrodynamic flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of wake nonuniformities in a nonequilibrium magnetohydrodynamic plasma is described. Experimental results are presented from an electrodeless disk-shaped channel in both radial flow and swirl flow configurations. The experimental conditions are analyzed with a nonequilibrium plasma model that accounts for variations in the wake gas properties and wake width. The results show that the wake nonuniformities in the radial flow channel are weak, but in the swirl flow channel they are strong because of an instability. This instability is a consequence of the wake orientation. Furthermore, the intensity of the nonuniformity in an unstable plasma is dependent upon the wake gas velocity and wake width.

Lytle, J.K.; Louis, J.F.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Computational Methods for Analyzing Fluid Flow Dynamics from Digital Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal (long term) of this work is to perform computational dynamics analysis and quantify uncertainty from vector fields computed directly from measured data. Global analysis based on observed spatiotemporal evolution is performed by objective function based on expected physics and informed scientific priors, variational optimization to compute vector fields from measured data, and transport analysis proceeding with observations and priors. A mathematical formulation for computing flow fields is set up for computing the minimizer for the problem. An application to oceanic flow based on sea surface temperature is presented.

Luttman, A.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Section 13: Flow control 1 Section 13: Flow control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometries for Energyefficient Flow Around Bodies Abstract 14:30 ­ 14:50: Elfriede Friedmann (Universität

Kohlenbach, Ulrich

282

Systematic characterization of degas-driven flow for poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic devices  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Degas-driven flow is a novel phenomenon used to propel fluids in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)-based microfluidic devices without requiring any external power. This method takes advantage of the inherently high porosity and air solubility of PDMS by removing air molecules from the bulk PDMS before initiating the flow. The dynamics of degas-driven flow are dependent on the channel and device geometries and are highly sensitive to temporal parameters. These dependencies have not been fully characterized, hindering broad use of degas-driven flow as a microfluidic pumping mechanism. Here, we characterize, for the first time, the effect of various parameters on the dynamics of degas-driven flow, including channel geometry, PDMS thickness, PDMS exposure area, vacuum degassing time, and idle time at atmospheric pressure before loading. We investigate the effect of these parameters on flow velocity as well as channel fill time for the degas-driven flow process. Using our devices, we achieved reproducible flow with a standard deviation of less than 8% for flow velocity, as well as maximum flow rates of up to 3 nL/s and mean flow rates of approximately 1-1.5 nL/s. Parameters such as channel surface area and PDMS chip exposure area were found to have negligible impact on degas-driven flow dynamics, whereas channel cross-sectional area, degas time, PDMS thickness, and idle time were found to have a larger impact. In addition, we develop a physical model that can predict mean flow velocities within 6% of experimental values and can be used as a tool for future design of PDMS-based microfluidic devices that utilize degas-driven flow.

Lee, Luke P.; Liang, David Y.; Tentori, Augusto M.; Dimov, Ivan K. [Universidad de Valparaiso (Chile)

2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

283

A pressurized model for compressible pipe flow. Universite de Toulon, IMATH, EA 2134, 83957 La Garde, France.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A pressurized model for compressible pipe flow. M. Ersoy1 1 Universit´e de Toulon, IMATH, EA 2134 water pipe including friction, changes of section and slope variation. Starting from the compressible 3D framework of unsteady mixed flows in closed water pipes. This model describes the evolution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

Air-flow regulation system for a coal gasifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved air-flow regulator for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which allows close air-flow regulation from a compressor source even though the pressure variations are too rapid for a single primary control loop to respond. The improved system includes a primary controller to control a valve in the main (large) air supply line to regulate large slow changes in flow. A secondary controller is used to control a smaller, faster acting valve in a secondary (small) air supply line parallel to the main line valve to regulate rapid cyclic deviations in air flow. A low-pass filter with a time constant of from 20 to 50 seconds couples the output of the secondary controller to the input of the primary controller so that the primary controller only responds to slow changes in the air-flow rate, the faster, cyclic deviations in flow rate sensed and corrected by the secondary controller loop do not reach the primary controller due to the high frequency rejection provided by the filter. This control arrangement provides at least a factor of 5 improvement in air-flow regulation for a coal gasifier in which air is supplied by a reciprocating compressor through a surge tank.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Timing in the Absence of Supraspinal Input: Effects of Temporally Regular Stimulation on Spinal Plasticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

task, in which response-contingent leg shock produces an increase in flexion duration. Exposure to temporally regular stimulation (fixed spaced stimulation; FT) promotes learning, and temporally irregular stimulation produces a learning deficit...

Lee, Kuan Hsien

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

286

Undecidability and temporal logic: some landmarks from Turing to the present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Temporal logic was born in the mid 1950s, right after the death of Alan Turing in temporal logic was essentially Alan Turing's celebrated Undecidability of the Halting problem of (what

Goranko, Valentin

287

Spatio-temporal changes in CO2 emissions during the second ZERT...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spatio-temporal changes in CO2 emissions during the second ZERT injection, August-September 2008. Spatio-temporal changes in CO2 emissions during the second ZERT injection,...

288

Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I.Skillicorn 1 Azimuthal asymmetry using energy flow method Azimuthal angle distribution at Q2 >100 GeV2 Energy flow method.Ukleja on behalf of the ZEUS Collaboration #12; Energy Flow Energy Flow Energy Flow A.Ukleja, T.Tymieniecka, I

289

Short-term Variations in the Galactic Environment of the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The galactic environment of the Sun varies over short timescales as the Sun and interstellar clouds travel through space. Small variations in the dynamics, ionization, density, and magnetic field strength of the interstellar medium (ISM) surrounding the Sun yield pronounced changes in the heliosphere. We discuss essential information required to understand short-term variations in the galactic environment of the Sun, including the distribution and radiative transfer properties of nearby ISM, and variations in the boundary conditions of the heliosphere as the Sun traverses clouds. The most predictable transitions are when the Sun emerged from the Local Bubble interior and entered the cluster of local interstellar clouds flowing past the Sun, within the past 140,000 years, and again when the Sun entered the local interstellar cloud now surrounding and inside of the solar system, sometime during the past 44,000 years.

Priscilla C. Frisch; Jonathan D. Slavin

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Evaluation of flow hood measurements for residential register flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow measurement at residential registers using flow hoods is becoming more common. These measurements are used to determine if the HVAC system is providing adequate comfort, appropriate flow over heat exchangers and in estimates of system energy losses. These HVAC system performance metrics are determined by using register measurements to find out if individual rooms are getting the correct airflow, and in estimates of total air handler flow and duct air leakage. The work discussed in this paper shows that commercially available flow hoods are poor at measuring flows in residential systems. There is also evidence in this and other studies that flow hoods can have significant errors even when used on the non-residential systems they were originally developed for. The measurement uncertainties arise from poor calibrations and the sensitivity of exiting flow hoods to non-uniformity of flows entering the device. The errors are usually large--on the order of 20% of measured flow, which is unacceptably high for most applications. Active flow hoods that have flow measurement devices that are insensitive to the entering airflow pattern were found to be clearly superior to commercially available flow hoods. In addition, it is clear that current calibration procedures for flow hoods may not take into account any field application problems and a new flow hood measurement standard should be developed to address this issue.

Walker, I.S.; Wray, C.P.; Dickerhoff, D.J.; Sherman, M.H.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Piezoelectric axial flow microvalve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is directed to a fuel cell operable with a quantity of fuel and a quantity of an oxidizer to produce electrical power, the fuel cell including a fuel cell body including a labyrinth system structured to permit the fuel and the oxidizer to flow therethrough; at least a first catalyst in fluid communication with the labyrinth; and at least a first microvalve operably disposed within at least a portion of the labyrinth. The microvalve utilizes a deflectable member operable upon the application of a voltage from a voltage source. The microvalve includes an elongated flow channel formed therein and extending substantially longitudinally between the first and second ends to permit substantially longitudinal flow of the fluid therethrough and between the first and second ends; and the deflectable member disposed on the valve body, the deflectable member including at least a first piezoelectric portion that is piezoelectrically operable to deflect the deflectable member between an open position and a closed position upon the application of a voltage, the deflectable member in the closed position being operable to resist the flow of the fluid through the flow channel.

Gemmen, Randall; Thornton, Jimmy; Vipperman, Jeffrey S.; Clark, William W.

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

292

SPATIAL-TEMPORAL TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTION AND COMPRESSION OF SOIL FERTILITY DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPATIAL-TEMPORAL TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTION AND COMPRESSION OF SOIL FERTILITY DATA D. Pokrajac propose several techniques for data reduction and spatial- temporal prediction in precision agriculture and applied for analysis and compression of multi-temporal precision agriculture data. The spatial

Obradovic, Zoran

293

Using XML to Build Efficient Transaction-Time Temporal Database Systems on Relational Databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(virtual) representations of the database history, (b) XQuery to express powerful temporal queriesUsing XML to Build Efficient Transaction-Time Temporal Database Systems on Relational Databases the ArchIS system that achieves full-functionality transaction-time databases without re- quiring temporal

Zaniolo, Carlo

294

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barthelemy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barth´el´emy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard of a client program. We propose Temporal API Usage Pattern Mining to detect API usage patterns in terms and detect temporal usage patterns, where a pattern contains a set of concepts that were added

Robillard, Martin

295

Implementation and evaluation of a hypercube-based method for spatio-temporal exploration and analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Introduction Spatio-temporal exploration and spatio-temporal analysis are two complementary processes of spatio) dealing with spatio-temporal data (Marchand et al., 2002). The exploration process identifies hypotheses of the hypotheses formulated in the exploration process and, in some cases, proposes new ones. The EDA iterative

296

Dynamics of Turing patterns under spatio-temporal forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study, both theoretically and experimentally, the dynamical response of Turing patterns to a spatio-temporal forcing in the form of a travelling wave modulation of a control parameter. We show that from strictly spatial resonance, it is possible to induce new, generic dynamical behaviors, including temporally-modulated travelling waves and localized travelling soliton-like solutions. The latter make contact with the soliton solutions of P. Coullet Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 56}, 724 (1986) and provide a general framework which includes them. The stability diagram for the different propagating modes in the Lengyel-Epstein model is determined numerically. Direct observations of the predicted solutions in experiments carried out with light modulations in the photosensitive CDIMA reaction are also reported.

S. Rudiger; D. G. Miguez; A. P. Munuzuri; F. Sagues; J. Casademunt

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

Temporal Intermittency of Energy Dissipation in Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy dissipation in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence is known to be highly intermittent in space, being concentrated in sheet-like coherent structures. Much less is known about intermittency in time, another fundamental aspect of turbulence which has great importance for observations of solar flares and other space/astrophysical phenomena. In this Letter, we investigate the temporal intermittency of energy dissipation in numerical simulations of MHD turbulence. We consider four-dimensional spatiotemporal structures, "flare events", responsible for a large fraction of the energy dissipation. We find that although the flare events are often highly complex, they exhibit robust power-law distributions and scaling relations. We find that the probability distribution of dissipated energy has a power law index close to -1.75, similar to observations of solar flares, indicating that intense dissipative events dominate the heating of the system. We also discuss the temporal asymmetry of flare events as a signatu...

Zhdankin, Vladimir; Boldyrev, Stanislav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Temporal process of plasma discharge by an electron beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process of the plasma discharge due to an electron beam is experimentally investigated. A pulse ({approximately}540 {mu}s) of an electron beam (0.5{endash}1.5 keV, {le}20 mA) is injected into argon gas (5{times}10{sup {minus}5}{endash}5{times}10{sup {minus}4} Torr) in a magnetic field (50{endash}300 G). The discharge based on a gas break down occurs cascade-likely in time. The gas beak down with some steps is explained by the two stream instability of an electron beam-plasma system, from the observation of the temporal evolution of the frequency spectra (0{endash}3.0 GHz) of the instability and the measurement of the temporal plasma density and temperature. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Sugawa, M.; Sugaya, R.; Isobe, S.; Kumar, A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790 (Japan); Honda, H. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565 (Japan)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Spatial-temporal event detection in climate parameter imagery.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previously developed techniques that comprise statistical parametric mapping, with applications focused on human brain imaging, are examined and tested here for new applications in anomaly detection within remotely-sensed imagery. Two approaches to analysis are developed: online, regression-based anomaly detection and conditional differences. These approaches are applied to two example spatial-temporal data sets: data simulated with a Gaussian field deformation approach and weekly NDVI images derived from global satellite coverage. Results indicate that anomalies can be identified in spatial temporal data with the regression-based approach. Additionally, la Nina and el Nino climatic conditions are used as different stimuli applied to the earth and this comparison shows that el Nino conditions lead to significant decreases in NDVI in both the Amazon Basin and in Southern India.

McKenna, Sean Andrew; Gutierrez, Karen A.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Electrocapturing flow cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow cell for electrophoretically-assisted capturing analytes from a flow. The flow cell includes a specimen chamber, a first membrane, a second membrane, a first electrode chamber, and a second electrode chamber. The specimen chamber may have a sample inlet and a sample outlet. A first portion of the first membrane may be coupled to a first portion of the specimen chamber. A first portion of the second membrane may be coupled to a second portion of the specimen chamber. The first electrode chamber may be configured to accept a charge. A portion of the first electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the first membrane. A second electrode chamber may be configured to accept an opposite charge. A portion of the second electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the second membrane.

Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Workshop on hypersonic flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview is given of research activity on the application of computational fluid dynamics (CDF) for hypersonic propulsion systems. After the initial consideration of the highly integrated nature of air-breathing hypersonic engines and airframe, attention is directed toward computations carried out for the components of the engine. A generic inlet configuration is considered in order to demonstrate the highly three dimensional viscous flow behavior occurring within rectangular inlets. Reacting flow computations for simple jet injection as well as for more complex combustion chambers are then discussed in order to show the capability of viscous finite rate chemical reaction computer simulations. Finally, the nozzle flow fields are demonstrated, showing the existence of complex shear layers and shock structure in the exhaust plume. The general issues associated with code validation as well as the specific issue associated with the use of CFD for design are discussed. A prognosis for the success of CFD in the design of future propulsion systems is offered.

Povinelli, L.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Tracer Interpretation Using Temporal Moments on a Spreadsheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a method for interpreting geothermal tracer tests. The method is based on the first temporal moment (mean residence time) of the tracer in the subsurface. The individual steps required to interpret a tracer test are reviewed and discussed. And an example tracer test directs the user through the interpretation method. An Excel spreadsheet application of the interpretation method is a companion document to this report.

G. Michael Shook; J. Hope Forsmann

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

TEMPORAL SMEARING OF TRANSIENT RADIO SOURCES BY THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temporal smearing of impulsive radio events at cosmological redshifts probes the properties of the ionized intergalactic medium (IGM). We relate the degree of temporal smearing and the profile of a scattered source to the evolution of a turbulent structure in the IGM as a function of redshift. We estimate the degree of scattering expected by analyzing the contributions to the scattering measure of the various components of baryonic matter embedded in the IGM, including the diffuse IGM, intervening galaxies, and intracluster gas. These estimates predict that the amount of temporal smearing expected at 300 MHz is typically as low as ?1 ms and suggests that these bursts may be detectable with low-frequency widefield arrays. A generalization of the dispersion-measure-scattering-measure relation observed for Galactic scattering to the densities and turbulent conditions relevant to the IGM suggests that scattering measures on the order of 10{sup –6} kpc m{sup –20/3} would be expected at z ? 1. This scattering is sufficiently low enough that its effects would not, for most lines of sight, be manifested in existing observations of the scatter broadening in images of extragalactic compact sources. The redshift dependence on the temporal smearing discriminates between scattering that occurs in the host galaxy of the burst and the IGM, with ?{sub host}?(1 + z){sup –3} if the scattering probes length scales below the inner scale of the turbulence or ?{sub host}?(1 + z){sup –17/5} if the turbulence follows a Kolmogorov spectrum. This differs strongly from the expected IGM scaling ?{sub IGM} ? z {sup 2} for z ?< 1 and (1 + z){sup 0.2–0.5} for z ?> 1.

Macquart, Jean-Pierre; Koay, Jun Yi, E-mail: J.Macquart@curtin.edu.au [ICRAR/Curtin University, Curtin Institute of Radio Astronomy, Perth WA 6845 (Australia)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

Characterization of the reactive flow field dynamics in a gas turbine injector using high frequency PIV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present work details the analysis of the aerodynamics of an experimental swirl stabilized burner representative of gas turbine combustors. This analysis is carried out using High Frequency PIV (HFPIV) measurements in a reactive situation. While this information is usually available at a rather low rate, temporally resolved PIV measurements are necessary to better understand highly turbulent swirled flows, which are unsteady by nature. Thanks to recent technical improvements, a PIV system working at 12 kHz has been developed to study this experimental combustor flow field. Statistical quantities of the burner are first obtained and analyzed, and the measurement quality is checked, then a temporal analysis of the velocity field is carried out, indicating that large coherent structures periodically appear in the combustion chamber. The frequency of these structures is very close to the quarter wave mode of the chamber, giving a possible explanation for combustion instability coupling.

Barbosa, Séverine; Ducruix, Sébastien

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Modeling Temporal-Spatial Earthquake and Volcano Clustering at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed national high-level nuclear repository at Yucca Mountain is close to Quaternary faults and cinder cones. The frequency of these events is low, with indications of spatial and temporal clustering, making probabilistic assessments difficult. In an effort to identify the most likely intrusion sites, we based a 3D finite element model on the expectation that faulting and basalt intrusions are primarily sensitive to the magnitude and orientation of the least principal stress in extensional terranes. We found that in the absence of fault slip, variation in overburden pressure caused a stress state that preferentially favored intrusions at Crater Flat. However, when we allowed central Yucca Mountain faults to slip in the model, we found that magmatic clustering was not favored at Crater Flat or in the central Yucca Mountain block. Instead, we calculated that the stress field was most encouraging to intrusions near fault terminations, consistent with the location of the most recent volcanism at Yucca Mountain, the Lathrop Wells cone. We found this linked fault and magmatic system to be mutually reinforcing in the model in that dike inflation favored renewed fault slip.

T. Parsons; G.A. Thompson; A.H. Cogbill

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

GEOMETRIC COMPUTATIONAL ELECTRODYNAMICS WITH VARIATIONAL INTEGRATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOMETRIC COMPUTATIONAL ELECTRODYNAMICS WITH VARIATIONAL INTEGRATORS AND DISCRETE DIFFERENTIAL develop a structure-preserving discretization of the Lagrangian framework for electromagnetism, combining) and remains one of the most successful numerical meth- ods used in the field of computational electromagnetics

Desbrun, Mathieu

307

1988 Wet deposition temporal and spatial patterns in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this report is on North American wet deposition temporal patterns from 1979 to 1988 and spatial patterns for 1988. It is the third in a series of reports that investigate the patterns of annual precipitation-weighted average concentration and annual deposition for nine ion species: hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium, chloride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Mosaic maps, based on surface estimation using kriging, display concentration and deposition spatial patterns of pH, hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, and calcium ion species for 1988 annual, winter, and summer periods. Temporal pattern analyses use a subset of 35 sites over a 10-year (1979--1988) period and an expanded subset of 137 sites, with greater spatial coverage, over a 7-year (1982--1988) period. The 10-year period represents the longest period with wet deposition monitoring data available that has a sufficient number of sites with data of known quality to allow a descriptive summary of annual temporal patterns. Sen's median trend estimate and Kendall's seasonal tau (KST) test are calculated for each ion species concentration and deposition at each site in both subsets.

Simpson, J.C.; Olsen, A.R.; Bittner, E.A.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

1988 Wet deposition temporal and spatial patterns in North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this report is on North American wet deposition temporal patterns from 1979 to 1988 and spatial patterns for 1988. It is the third in a series of reports that investigate the patterns of annual precipitation-weighted average concentration and annual deposition for nine ion species: hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium, chloride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Mosaic maps, based on surface estimation using kriging, display concentration and deposition spatial patterns of pH, hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, and calcium ion species for 1988 annual, winter, and summer periods. Temporal pattern analyses use a subset of 35 sites over a 10-year (1979--1988) period and an expanded subset of 137 sites, with greater spatial coverage, over a 7-year (1982--1988) period. The 10-year period represents the longest period with wet deposition monitoring data available that has a sufficient number of sites with data of known quality to allow a descriptive summary of annual temporal patterns. Sen`s median trend estimate and Kendall`s seasonal tau (KST) test are calculated for each ion species concentration and deposition at each site in both subsets.

Simpson, J.C.; Olsen, A.R.; Bittner, E.A.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Temporal modulation of plasma species in atmospheric dielectric barrier discharges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge in helium is a pulsed discharge in nature and the moment of maximum species densities is almost consistent with peak discharge current density. In this paper, a one-dimensional fluid model is used to investigate the temporal structure of plasma species in an atmospheric He-N{sub 2} dielectric barrier discharge (DBD). It is demonstrated that there exist microsecond delays of the moments of the maximum electron and ion densities from the peak of discharge current density. These time delays are caused by a competition between the electron impact and Penning ionizations, modulated by the N{sub 2} level in the plasma-forming gas. Besides, significant electron wall losses lead to the DBD being more positively charged and, with a distinct temporal separation in the peak electron and cation densities, the plasma is characterized with repetitive bursts of net positive charges. The temporal details of ionic and reactive plasma species may provide a new idea for some biological processes.

Yang, Aijun; Wang, Xiaohua, E-mail: xhw@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: mzrong@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Liu, Dingxin; Rong, Mingzhe, E-mail: xhw@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: mzrong@mail.xjtu.edu.cn [Centre for Plasma Biomedicine, State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Kong, Michael G. [Centre for Plasma Biomedicine, State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Frank Reidy Research Center for Bioelectrics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Old Dominion University, Virginia 23508 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

TRiPoD (Temporal Relationalism incorporating Principles of Dynamics)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Relationalism is that there is no time for the universe as a whole at the primary level. Time emerges rather at a secondary level; one compelling idea for this is Mach's: that time is to be abstracted from change. Temporal Relationalism leads to, and better explains, the well-known Frozen Formalism Problem encountered in GR and other background-independent theories at the quantum level. Abstraction from change is then a type of emergent time resolution of this. Moreover, the Frozen Formalism Problem is but one of the many Problem of Time facets, which are notoriously interconnected. The current article concerns modifications of physical formalism which ensure that once Temporal Relationalism is resolved, it stays incorporated. At the classical level, this involves modifying much of the Principles of Dynamics. I first introduce the anti-Routhian to complete the Legendre square of Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and Routhian. I next pass from velocities $\\dot{Q}\\mbox{}^{A}$ to changes d$Q^{A}$. Then Lagrangians are supplanted by Jacobi arc elements, Euler--Lagrange equations by Jacobi--Mach ones, and momentum requires redefining but actions remain unchanged. A differential (d) version of the Hamiltonian is required, giving rise to a variant of the Dirac approach based on a d-almost Hamiltonian subcase of the d-anti Routhian. On the other hand, the forms of the constraints themselves, and of Hamilton--Jacobi theory, remain unaltered.

Edward Anderson

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

311

Multiphase cooling flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss the multiphase nature of the intracluster medium whose neglect can lead to overestimates of the baryon fraction of clusters by up to a factor of two. The multiphase form of the cooling flow equations are derived and reduced to a simple form for a wide class of self-similar density distributions. It is shown that steady-state cooling flows are \\emph{not} consistent with all possible emissivity profiles which can therefore be used as a test of the theory. In combination, they provide strong constraints on the mass distribution within the cooling radius.

Peter A. Thomas

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

312

Satellite observations and estimates of surface flow in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods of observation do not provide sufficient spatial and temporal coverage and resolution to reliably depict surface flow on the required scales. In earlier studies, researchers extracted information on the nature of Gulf circulation from historical... 1992) Charlie Nelms Barron Jr. , B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Andrew C. Vastano Dr. Robert O. Reid Data from two satellite-based instrument systems are used to provide a description of the surface circulation...

Barron, Charlie Nelms

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Effect of flow leakage on the benchmarking of FLOWTRAN with Mark-22 mockup flow excursion test data from Babcock and Wilcox  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a revised analysis of the Babcock and Wilcox (B and W) downflow flow excursion tests that accounts for leakage between flow channels in the test assembly. Leak rates were estimated by comparing results from the downflow tests with those for upflow tests conducted using an identical assembly with some minor modifications. The upflow test assembly did not contain leaks. This revised analyses shows that FLOWTRAN with the SRS working criterion conservatively predicts onset of flow instability without using a local peaking factor to model heat transfer variations near the ribs.

Chen, Kuo-Fu.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of Doppler-shifted fluorescence imaging of velocity fields in supersonic reacting flows is analyzed. Focussing on fluorescence of the OH molecule in typical H2-air Scramjet flows, the effects of uncharacterized variations in temperature, pressure, and collisional partner composition across the measurement plane are examined. Detailed measurements of the (1,0) band OH lineshape variations in H2-air combustions are used, along with single-pulse and time-averaged measurements of an excimer-pumped dye laser, to predict the performance of a model velocimeter with typical Scramjet flow properties. The analysis demonstrates the need for modification and control of the laser bandshape in order to permit accurate velocity measurements in the presence of multivariant flow properties. 13 refs.

Allen, M.G.; Davis, S.J.; Kessler, W.J.; Sonnenfroh, D.M. (Physical Sciences, Inc., Andover, MA (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

ENERGY FLOWS CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY FLOWS FORCINGS CLIMATE CHANGE A REALLY TOUGH PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz, BNL, 7-20-11 www average temperature 15°C or 59°F #12;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Power per area Energy per time per area Unit" temperature to radiative flux. #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per

Schwartz, Stephen E.

316

Flow cytometry apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An obstruction across the flow chamber creates a one dimensional convergence of a sheath fluid. A passageway in the construction directs flat cells near to the area of one dimensional convergence in the sheath fluid to provide proper orientation of flat cells at fast rates.

Pinkel, Daniel (Walnut Creek, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

AGN and Cooling Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. For two decades the steady-state cooling-flow model has dominated the literature of cluster and elliptical-galaxy X-ray sources. For ten years this model has been in severe difficulty from a theoretical point of view, and it is now coming under increasing pressure observationally. A small number of enthusiasts have argued for a radically different interpretation of the data, but had little impact on prevailing opinion because the unsteady heating picture that they advocate is extremely hard to work out in detail. Here I explain why it is difficult to extract robust observational predictions from the heating picture. Major problems include the variability of the sources, the different ways in which a bi-polar flow can impact on X-ray emission, the weakness of synchrotron emission from sub-relativistic flows, and the sensitivity of synchrotron emission to a magnetic field that is probably highly localized.

James Binney

2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

318

Computations of high-pressure steam flow in the turbine bypass valve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the present study is to investigate the steam flow behavior through the high-pressure turbine bypass valve. Efforts have mainly been directed at investigating the process of steam flow and property variations aforementioned bypass valve as well as to obtain correlations between the flow rate and the valve opening ratio. Modeling of the high-pressure turbulent steam flow was performed on a three-dimensional non-staggered grid system by employing the finite volume method and by solving the three-dimensional, turbulent, compressible Navier-Stokes, and energy equations. Through this research, numerous data have been acquired and analyzed. These efforts enable one to obtain a correlation data set for the valve opening versus flow rate coefficient of the valve. One of the significant accomplishments is to use the model presented here to further improve a design of a turbine bypass flow valve.

Amano, R.S.; Draxler, G.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Temporally, spatially, and spectrally resolved barrier discharge produced in trapped helium gas at atmospheric pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental study was made on induced effects by trapped helium gas in the pulsed positive dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) operating in symmetrical electrode configuration at atmospheric pressure. Using fast photography technique and electrical measurements, the differences in the discharge regimes between the stationary and the flowing helium are investigated. It was shown experimentally that the trapped gas atmosphere (TGA) has notable impact on the barrier discharge regime compared with the influence of the flowing gas atmosphere. According to our experimental results, the DBD discharge produced in trapped helium gas can be categorized as a multi-glow (pseudo-glow) discharge, each discharge working in the sub-normal glow regime. This conclusion is made by considering the duration of current pulse (few {mu}s), their maximum values (tens of mA), the presence of negative slope on the voltage-current characteristic, and the spatio-temporal evolution of the most representative excited species in the discharge gap. The paper focuses on the space-time distribution of the active species with a view to better understand the pseudo-glow discharge mechanism. The physical basis for these effects was suggested. A transition to filamentary discharge is suppressed in TGA mode due to the formation of supplementary source of seed electrons by surface processes (by desorption of electrons due to vibrationally excited nitrogen molecules, originated from barriers surfaces) rather than volume processes (by enhanced Penning ionisation). Finally, we show that the pseudo-glow discharge can be generated by working gas trapping only; maintaining unchanged all the electrical and constructive parameters.

Chiper, Alina Silvia; Popa, Gheorghe [Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 700506 Iasi (Romania)] [Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 700506 Iasi (Romania)

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

320

Discovery of Photospheric Calcium Line Strength Variations in the DAZd White Dwarf G29-38  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metals in the photospheres of white dwarfs with Teff between 12,000 and 25,000 K should gravitationally settle out of these atmospheres in 1-2 weeks. Temporal variations in the line strengths of these metals could provide a direct measurement of episodic metal accretion. Using archival VLT and Keck spectroscopy, we find evidence that the DAZd white dwarf G29-38 shows significant changes in its Ca II K line strength. At the two best-observed epochs, we find that the Ca line equivalent width (EW) = 165 +- 4 mA (in 1996.885) and 280 +- 8 mA (in 1999.653), which is an increase of 70%. We consider the effect that pulsation has on the Ca EWs for this known variable star, and find that it adds an error of < 1 mA to these measurements. Calcium line strengths at other observational epochs support variations with timescales as short as two weeks. These Ca EW variations indicate that the metal accretion process in G29-38, presumably from its debris disk, is episodic on timescales of a few weeks or less, and thus the accretion is not dominated by Poynting-Robertson drag from an optically thin, continuous disk, which has a timescale of ~1 year.

Ted von Hippel; Susan E. Thompson

2007-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The effect of laser pulse shape variations on the adiabat of NIF capsule implosions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Indirectly driven capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [Moses et al., Phys. Plasmas 16, 041006 (2009)] are being performed with the goal of compressing a layer of cryogenic deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel to a sufficiently high areal density (?R) to sustain the self-propagating burn wave that is required for fusion power gain greater than unity. These implosions are driven with a temporally shaped laser pulse that is carefully tailored to keep the DT fuel on a low adiabat (ratio of fuel pressure to the Fermi degenerate pressure). In this report, the impact of variations in the laser pulse shape (both intentionally and unintentionally imposed) on the in-flight implosion adiabat is examined by comparing the measured shot-to-shot variations in ?R from a large ensemble of DT-layered ignition target implosions on NIF spanning a two-year period. A strong sensitivity to variations in the early-time, low-power foot of the laser pulse is observed. It is shown that very small deviations (?0.1% of the total pulse energy) in the first 2 ns of the laser pulse can decrease the measured ?R by 50%.

Robey, H. F.; MacGowan, B. J.; Landen, O. L.; LaFortune, K. N.; Widmayer, C.; Celliers, P. M.; Moody, J. D.; Ross, J. S.; Ralph, J.; LePape, S.; Berzak Hopkins, L. F.; Spears, B. K.; Haan, S. W.; Clark, D.; Lindl, J. D.; Edwards, M. J. [LLNL, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [LLNL, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Thermal-hydraulic and structural considerations on the gap variation between fuel bundle and hexcan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the safety concerns in reactor operation is the temperature of the fuel elements, which are contained in a hexagonal duct, referred to as the hexcan. There are gaps between the fuel bundle and the hexcan, and the gaps somewhat affect thermal-hydraulic behavior of the fuel element. This paper investigates the impact of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of the fuel element as well as the possibility of fuel bundle and hexcan interaction. The gap variation between hex duct and fuel bundle is caused by differential thermal expansion, creep strain, and irradiation-induced swelling of fuel-cladding and hex duct, and it is a function of fuel burnup. The effects of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of typical driver subassemblies in the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) are investigated. A structural analysis was performed to predict the in-reactor deformation behavior of fuel bundle and hex duct, and followed by a thermal-hydraulic analysis to determine the flow and temperature response due to gap changes. The effects of geometry variation on the thermal-hydraulic response are discussed. The study indicates that the effect of gap variation should not be ignored for subassembly designs.

Chang, L.K.; Lee, M.J.; Ku, J.Y.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Thermal-hydraulic and structural considerations on the gap variation between fuel bundle and hexcan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the safety concerns in reactor operation is the temperature of the fuel elements, which are contained in a hexagonal duct, referred to as the hexcan. There are gaps between the fuel bundle and the hexcan, and the gaps somewhat affect thermal-hydraulic behavior of the fuel element. This paper investigates the impact of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of the fuel element as well as the possibility of fuel bundle and hexcan interaction. The gap variation between hex duct and fuel bundle is caused by differential thermal expansion, creep strain, and irradiation-induced swelling of fuel-cladding and hex duct, and it is a function of fuel burnup. The effects of gap variations on the thermal-hydraulic responses of typical driver subassemblies in the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) are investigated. A structural analysis was performed to predict the in-reactor deformation behavior of fuel bundle and hex duct, and followed by a thermal-hydraulic analysis to determine the flow and temperature response due to gap changes. The effects of geometry variation on the thermal-hydraulic response are discussed. The study indicates that the effect of gap variation should not be ignored for subassembly designs.

Chang, L.K.; Lee, M.J.; Ku, J.Y.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Turbulence transition and the edge of chaos in pipe flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The linear stability of pipe flow implies that only perturbations of sufficient strength will trigger the transition to turbulence. In order to determine this threshold in perturbation amplitude we study the \\emph{edge of chaos} which separates perturbations that decay towards the laminar profile and perturbations that trigger turbulence. Using the lifetime as an indicator and methods developed in (Skufca et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 96}, 174101 (2006)) we show that superimposed on an overall $1/\\Re$-scaling predicted and studied previously there are small, non-monotonic variations reflecting folds in the edge of chaos. By tracing the motion in the edge we find that it is formed by the stable manifold of a unique flow field that is dominated by a pair of downstream vortices, asymmetrically placed towards the wall. The flow field that generates the edge of chaos shows intrinsic chaotic dynamics.

Tobias M Schneider; Bruno Eckhardt; James A Yorke

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

Turing patterns visualized by index of refraction variations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gel pattern is visualized by the refractive index variations.The fossil patterns correspond to a spatial variation in the refractive index. (AIP)

Lee, K.J.; McCormick, W.D.; Swinney, H.L. (Center for Nonlinear Dynamics and Department of Physics, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)); Noszticzius, Z. (Center for Nonlinear Dynamics and Department of Physics, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States) Department of Chemical Physics, The Technical University of Budapest, H-1521, Budapest (Hungary))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Transient response of an industrial fin tube heat exchanger to flow variations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems are usually classified as transient response or frequency response procedures that information yielded by one method is related to the other. They utilized this fact by using Fourier transformation theory to compute the frequency response...

Rana, Gopalji Motiram

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

327

Lateral Current Density Variation in PEM Fuel Cells with Interdigitated Flow Fields.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is regarded as one of the most promising power systems for the future vehicles. When supplied with air and… (more)

Luo, Song

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Decadal-scale variations in ice flow along Whillans Ice Stream and its tributaries, West Antarctica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate velocity changes occurring along Whillans Ice Stream (WIS) by comparing velocities derived from repeat aerial photographs acquired in 1985–89 (average date of 1987) to interferometric satellite radar (InSAR) velocities collected...

Stearns, Leigh; Jezek, K.A.; Van der Veen, C.J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

VARIATIONAL MULTISCALE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR FLOWS IN HIGHLY POROUS MEDIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 99.7 % (see Figure 1.1(a)) and industrial foams with porosity up to 95% (see Figure 1.1(b)). In order in heterogeneous media is a difficult task which up to now is not fully mastered. (a) Glass wool

Lazarov, Raytcho

330

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils Dissertation Co-directed by the University of paths, varying flow mechanism or changing soil physical properties (stratification). Thus, in stratified-28Jan2010 #12;This doctoral thesis was prepared at the Department of Soil Physics, University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Berry and others: Temporal Trends of Canopy-forming Kelp Beds Temporal Trends in the Areal Extent of Canopy-forming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Berry and others: Temporal Trends of Canopy-forming Kelp Beds Temporal Trends in the Areal Extent of Canopy-forming Kelp Beds Along the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Washington's Outer Coast Helen Berry Ecoscan Resource Data Extended Abstract Kelp beds are important nearshore habitats that support commercial

California at Santa Cruz, University of

332

Radial flow pulse jet mixer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure provides a pulse jet mixing vessel for mixing a plurality of solid particles. The pulse jet mixing vessel is comprised of a sludge basin, a flow surface surrounding the sludge basin, and a downcoming flow annulus between the flow surface and an inner shroud. The pulse jet mixing vessel is additionally comprised of an upper vessel pressurization volume in fluid communication with the downcoming flow annulus, and an inner shroud surge volume separated from the downcoming flow annulus by the inner shroud. When the solid particles are resting on the sludge basin and a fluid such as water is atop the particles and extending into the downcoming flow annulus and the inner shroud surge volume, mixing occurs by pressurization of the upper vessel pressurization volume, generating an inward radial flow over the flow surface and an upwash jet at the center of the sludge basin.

VanOsdol, John G.

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

Study of flow fields induced by surface dielectric barrier discharge actuator in low-pressure air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface dielectric barrier discharge (SDBD) is a promising method for a flow control. Flow fields induced by a SDBD actuator driven by the ac voltage in static air at low pressures varying from 1.0 to 27.7?kPa are measured by the particle image velocimetry method. The influence of the applied ac voltage frequency and magnitude on the induced flow fields is studied. The results show that three different classes of flow fields (wall jet flow field, complex flow field, and vortex-shape flow field) can be induced by the SDBD actuator in the low-pressure air. Among them, the wall jet flow field is the same as the tangential jet at atmospheric pressure, which is, together with the vertical jet, the complex flow field. The vortex-shape flow field is composed of one vertical jet which points towards the wall and two opposite tangential jets. The complex and the vortex-shape flow fields can be transformed to the wall jet flow field when the applied ac voltage frequency and magnitude are changed. It is found that the discharge power consumption increases initially, decreases, and then increases again at the same applied ac voltage magnitude when the air pressure decreases. The tangential velocity of the wall jet flow field increases when the air pressure decreases. It is however opposite for the complex flow field. The variation of the applied ac voltage frequency influences differently three different flow fields. When the applied ac voltage magnitude increases at the same applied ac voltage frequency, the maximal jet velocity increases, while the power efficiency increases only initially and then decreases again. The discharge power shows either linear or exponential dependences on the applied ac voltage magnitude.

Che, Xueke, E-mail: chedk@163.com, E-mail: st@mail.iee.ac.cn; Nie, Wansheng; Tian, Xihui; Hou, Zhiyong; He, Haobo; Zhou, Penghui; Zhou, Siyin; Yang, Chao [Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416 (China)] [Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416 (China); Shao, Tao, E-mail: chedk@163.com, E-mail: st@mail.iee.ac.cn [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

The Big Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The late infall of cold dark matter onto an isolated galaxy, such as our own, produces streams and caustics in its halo. The outer caustics are topological spheres whereas the inner caustics are rings. The self-similar model of galactic halo formation predicts that the caustic ring radii $a_n$ follow the approximate law $a_n \\sim 1/n$. In a study of 32 extended and well-measured external galactic rotation curves evidence was found for this law. In the case of the Milky Way, the locations of eight sharp rises in the rotation curve fit the prediction of the self-similar model at the 3% level. Moreover, a triangular feature in the IRAS map of the galactic plane is consistent with the imprint of a ring caustic upon the baryonic matter. These observations imply that the dark matter in our neighborhood is dominated by a single flow. Estimates of that flow's density and velocity vector are given.

P. Sikivie

2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

335

Structural power flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous investigations of structural power flow through beam-like structures resulted in some unexplained anomalies in the calculated data. In order to develop structural power flow measurement as a viable technique for machine tool design, the causes of these anomalies needed to be found. Once found, techniques for eliminating the errors could be developed. Error sources were found in the experimental apparatus itself as well as in the instrumentation. Although flexural waves are the carriers of power in the experimental apparatus, at some frequencies longitudinal waves were excited which were picked up by the accelerometers and altered power measurements. Errors were found in the phase and gain response of the sensors and amplifiers used for measurement. A transfer function correction technique was employed to compensate for these instrumentation errors.

Falter, K.J.; Keltie, R.F.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop V. GravesV. Graves C. Caldwell IDS-NF Videoconference March 9, 2010 #12;Flow Loop Review · 1 cm dia nozzle, 20 m/s jet requires 1.57 liter/sec mercury flow (94 2 liter/min 24 9 gpm)mercury flow (94.2 liter/min, 24.9 gpm). · MERIT experiment showed that a pump

McDonald, Kirk

337

Orifice flow measurement uncertainty  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer program is now available from Union Carbide that evaluates the total flow uncertainty of orifice flowmeter systems. Tolerance values for every component in the system and the sensitivity of the measured flowrate to each component can be established using historical data and published hardware specifications. Knowing the tolerance and sensitivity values, a total measurement uncertainty can be estimated with a 95% confidence level. This computer program provides a powerful design tool to ensure correct component matching and total metering system optimization.

Samples, C.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Dark EnergyDark Energy from variation of thefrom variation of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, soil ! #12;Dark EnergyDark Energy dominates the Universedominates the Universe EnergyEnergy -- densityDark EnergyDark Energy from variation of thefrom variation of the fundamental scalefundamental in the Universedensity in the Universe == Matter + Dark EnergyMatter + Dark Energy 25 % + 75 %25 % + 75 % #12;Abell 2255

Heermann, Dieter W.

339

As was hypothesized, annual ET water losses appears to be driven by seasonal variations in the total aboveground biomass of the treatment wetland. We found that only air temperature and PAR were significant climatic drivers of ET. However, unlike  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shore-to-open-water transects were distributed proportionally across a treatment flow cell based.T.A. 2003. Water and mass budgets of a vertical=-flow constructed wetland used for wastewater treatment· As was hypothesized, annual ET water losses appears to be driven by seasonal variations

Hall, Sharon J.

340

Convective heat flow probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A convective heat flow probe device is provided which measures heat flow and fluid flow magnitude in the formation surrounding a borehole. The probe comprises an elongate housing adapted to be lowered down into the borehole; a plurality of heaters extending along the probe for heating the formation surrounding the borehole; a plurality of temperature sensors arranged around the periphery of the probe for measuring the temperature of the surrounding formation after heating thereof by the heater elements. The temperature sensors and heater elements are mounted in a plurality of separate heater pads which are supported by the housing and which are adapted to be radially expanded into firm engagement with the walls of the borehole. The heat supplied by the heater elements and the temperatures measured by the temperature sensors are monitored and used in providing the desired measurements. The outer peripheral surfaces of the heater pads are configured as segments of a cylinder and form a full cylinder when taken together. A plurality of temperature sensors are located on each pad so as to extend along the length and across the width thereof, with a heating element being located in each pad beneath the temperature sensors. An expansion mechanism driven by a clamping motor provides expansion and retraction of the heater pads and expandable packet-type seals are provided along the probe above and below the heater pads.

Dunn, J.C.; Hardee, H.C.; Striker, R.P.

1984-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Numerical Investigations of Magnetohydrodynamic Hypersonic Flows.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) hypersonic flow are presented for both laminar and turbulent flow over a cylinder and flow entering a scramjet inlet. ANSYS… (more)

Guarendi, Andrew N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

inria-00000007,version2-9May2005 Temporal and Spatial Data Mining with Second-Order Hidden Markov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inria-00000007,version2-9May2005 Temporal and Spatial Data Mining with Second-Order Hidden Markov- formation extraction from spatial and temporal data by means of an unsupervised classification. We use of images in which we look for spatial and temporal dependencies. The temporal segmentation of the data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

The effects of variations in the photocathode voltages of electronic streak cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electronic streak cameras are used to record subnanosecond data at the Nevada Test Site. It has been found that externally induced variations in the photocathode voltage of the streak tube can produce both temporal and spatial errors on the output image. An electron beam tracing code was used to model the magnification as a function of photocathode voltage and signal input position for streak tubes manufactured by RCA, ITT, and Kentech. Laboratory tests were also performed where pulsed and radio frequency signals were induced upon the photocathode and the errors on the resultant image were compared with the error predicted by the electron beam code. Also, methods for processing the distortion in digitized images were investigated. This paper will discuss the results of these investigations. 3 refs., 17 figs.

Bowers, M.W.; Biggs, G.L.; Ronchetto, J.J.; Teruya, A.T.

1988-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

344

Gaussian variational ansatz in the problem of anomalous sea waves: Comparison with direct numerical simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear dynamics of an obliquely oriented wave packet at sea surface is studied both analytically and numerically for various initial parameters of the packet, in connection with the problem of oceanic rogue waves. In the framework of Gaussian variational ansatz applied to the corresponding (1+2D) hyperbolic nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation, a simplified Lagrangian system of differential equations is derived, which determines the evolution of coefficients of the real and imaginary quadratic forms appearing in the Gaussian. This model provides a semi-quantitative description for the process of nonlinear spatio-temporal focusing, which is one of the most probable mechanisms of rogue wave formation in random wave fields. The system is integrated in quadratures, which fact allows us to understand qualitative differences between the linear and nonlinear regimes of the focusing of wave packet. Comparison of the Gaussian model predictions with results of direct numerical simulation of fully nonlinear long-cres...

Ruban, V P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Extracting Temporal Signatures for Comprehending Systems Biology Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with capabilities to model complex systems including cell division, stress response, energy metabolism multi-variate time series data, where the signatures are composed of ordinal comparisons between time]: Data mining; I.5.2 [Design Methodology]: Feature evaluation and selection General Terms Algorithms

Ramakrishnan, Naren

346

Processing of Natural Temporal Stimuli by Macaque Retinal Ganglion Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany, and 4State University of New York College of Optometry, New York, New York 10036 This study typically northern European and the other a flower show. The performance of the cells was evaluated signals contained more power than those of MC cells. Response variation between individual ganglion cells

Field, David

347

Theory on excitations of drift Alfvén waves by energetic particles. I. Variational formulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified theoretical framework is presented for analyzing various branches of drift Alfvén waves and describing their linear and nonlinear behaviors, covering a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. Nonlinear gyrokinetic quasineutrality condition and vorticity equation, derived for drift Alfvén waves excited by energetic particles in fusion plasmas, are cast in integral form, which is generally variational in the linear limit; and the corresponding gyrokinetic energy principle is obtained. Well known forms of the kinetic energy principle are readily recovered from this general formulation. Furthermore, it is possible to demonstrate that the general fishbone like dispersion relation, obtained within the present theoretical framework, provides a unified description of drift Alfvén waves excited by energetic particles as either Alfvén eigenmodes or energetic particle modes. The advantage of the present approach stands in its capability of extracting underlying linear and nonlinear physics as well as spatial and temporal scales of the considered fluctuation spectrum. For these reasons, this unified theoretical framework can help understanding experimental observations as well as numerical simulation and analytic results with different levels of approximation. Examples and applications are given in Paper II [F. Zonca and L. Chen, “Theory on excitations of drift Alfvén waves by energetic particles. II. The general fishbone-like dispersion relation,” Phys. Plasmas 21, 072121 (2014)].

Zonca, Fulvio, E-mail: fulvio.zonca@enea.it [ENEA C. R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, CP 65-00044 Frascati (Italy); Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Chen, Liu [Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-4575 (United States)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Controlled Flow of Spin-Entangled Electrons via Adiabatic Quantum Pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a method to dynamically generate and control the flow of spin-entangled electrons, each belonging to a spin-singlet, by means of adiabatic quantum pumping. The pumping cycle functions by periodic time variation of localized two-body interactions. We develop a generalized approach to adiabatic quantum pumping as traditional methods based on scattering matrix in one dimension cannot be applied here. We specifically compute the flow of spin-entangled electrons within a Hubbard-like model of quantum dots, and discuss possible implementations and identify parameters that can be used to control the singlet flow.

Kunal K. Das; Sungjun Kim; Ari Mizel

2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Database and Meta-Analysis of Ecological Responses to Flow in the South Atlantic Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Generalized and quantitative relationships between flow and ecology are pivotal to developing environmental flow standards based on socially acceptable ecological conditions. Informing management at regional scales requires compiling sufficient hydrologic and ecological sources of information, identifying information gaps, and creating a framework for hypothesis development and testing. We compiled studies of empirical and theoretical relationships between flow and ecology in the South Atlantic region (SAR) of the United States to evaluate their utility for the development of environmental flow standards. Using database searches, internet searches, and agency contacts, we gathered 186 sources of information that provided a qualitative or quantitative relationship between flow and ecology within states encompassing the SAR. A total of 109 of the 186 sources had sufficient information to support quantitative analyses. Ecological responses to natural changes in flow magnitude, frequency, and duration were highly variable regardless of the direction and magnitude of changes in flow. In contrast, the majority of ecological responses to anthropogenic-induced flow alterations were negative. Fish consistently showed negative responses to anthropogenic flow alterations whereas other ecological groups showed somewhat variable responses (e.g. macroinvertebrates and riparian vegetation) and even positive responses (e.g. algae). Fish and organic matter had sufficient sample sizes to stratify natural flow-ecology relationships by specific flow categories (e.g. high flow, baseflows) or by region (e.g. coastal plain, uplands). After stratifying relationships, we found that significant correlations existed between changes in natural flow and ecological responses. In addition, a regression tree explained 57% of the variation in fish responses to anthropogenic and natural changes in flow. Because of some ambiguity in interpreting the directionality in ecological responses, we utilized ecological gains or losses, where each represents a benefit or reduction to ecosystem services, respectively. Variables explained 49% of the variation in ecological gains and losses for all ecological groups combined. Altogether, our results suggested that the source of flow change and the ecological group of interest played primary roles in determining the direction and magnitude of ecological responses. Furthermore, our results suggest that developing broadly generalized relationships between ecology and changes in flow at a regional scale is unlikely unless relationships are placed within meaningful contexts, such as environmental flow components or by geomorphic setting.

McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Orth, Dr. Donald J [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Davis, Dr, Mary [Southeastern Aquatic Resources Partnership; Kauffman, John [John Kauffman LLC.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

2012 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSSIMIC) M07-4 Myocardial Blood Flow from Dynamic PET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-4 Myocardial Blood Flow from Dynamic PET using Independent Component Analysis Alexander Karpikov, Hemant Tagare) from dynamic PET requires a reproducible and reliable method to obtain left and right ventricular time-activity curves. We propose the use of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) on PET temporal information to segment

Duncan, James S.

351

A Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction Ayres Fan Stochastic Systems Group July 17, 2003 With W. Wells, J. Fisher, M. Cetin, S. Haker, R. Mulkern, C. Tempany, A. Willsky #12;Outline 1 inhomogeneity that corrupts magnetic resonance (MR) images. Correcting for the bias field makes both human

Willsky, Alan S.

352

A Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequences, the MR signal is given by: We can target , T1, and T2 measurements through appropriate selectionA Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction Ayres Fan Stochastic Systems Group Research Qualifying Exam June 10, 2003 #12;Outline 1. Introduction to bias correction 2. Magnetic resonance imaging 3

Willsky, Alan S.

353

A Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Variational Approach to MR Bias Correction Ayres Fan, W. Wells, J. Fisher, M. Cetin, S. Haker, A that corrupts magnetic resonance (MR) images. Correcting for the bias field makes both human analysis (e that encourages smoothness in b and piecewise smoothness in f: We generally choose p 1 to help preserve edges D

Willsky, Alan S.

354

Variational Gaussian Process Classifiers Mark N. Gibbs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variational Gaussian Process Classifiers Mark N. Gibbs Cavendish Laboratory Cambridge CB3 0HE United Kingdom David J.C. MacKay \\Lambda Cavendish Laboratory Cambridge CB3 0HE United Kingdom Submitted­linear interpolation tool (Williams 1995; Williams and Rasmussen 1996), but it is not straightforward to solve

MacKay, David J.C.

355

Flow Past a Sphere and a Prolate Spheroid at Low Reynolds Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thoroughly. The first part of this work is to investigate variations of the flow past a sphere occurring with increasing Reynolds number up to 400. The code used in this thesis is OpenFOAM which is an open source package providing a solver based...

Zhang, Youfeng

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

Leakage-flow-induced vibration of a tube-in-tube slip joint. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The susceptibility of a cantilevered tube conveying water to self-excitation by leakage flow through a slip joint is assessed experimentally. The slip joint is formed by inserting a smaller, rigid tube into the free end of the cantilevered tube. Variations of the slip joint annular gaps and engagement lengths are tested, and several mechanisms for self-excitation are described.

Mulcahy, T.M.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Utilizing Distributed Temperature Sensors in Predicting Flow Rates in Multilateral Wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and pressure data to determine the flow rate in real time out of a multilateral well. Temperature and pressure changes are harder to predict in horizontal laterals compared with vertical wells because of the lack of variation in elevation and geothermal...

Al Mulla, Jassim Mohammed A.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

358

UZ Flow Models and Submodels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the unsaturated zone (UZ) flow models and submodels, as well as the flow fields that have been generated using the UZ flow model(s) of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. In this report, the term ''UZ model'' refers to the UZ flow model and the several submodels, which include tracer transport, temperature or ambient geothermal, pneumatic or gas flow, and geochemistry (chloride, calcite, and strontium) submodels. The term UZ flow model refers to the three-dimensional models used for calibration and simulation of UZ flow fields. This work was planned in the ''Technical Work Plan (TWP) for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Section 1.2.7). The table of included Features, Events, and Processes (FEPs), Table 6.2-11, is different from the list of included FEPs assigned to this report in the ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654], Table 2.1.5-1), as discussed in Section 6.2.6. The UZ model has revised, updated, and enhanced the previous UZ model (BSC 2001 [DIRS 158726]) by incorporating the repository design with new grids, recalibration of property sets, and more comprehensive validation effort. The flow fields describe fracture-fracture, matrix-matrix, and fracture-matrix liquid flow rates, and their spatial distributions as well as moisture conditions in the UZ system. These three-dimensional UZ flow fields are used directly by Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). The model and submodels evaluate important hydrogeologic processes in the UZ as well as geochemistry and geothermal conditions. These provide the necessary framework to test hypotheses of flow and transport at different scales, and predict flow and transport behavior under a variety of climatic conditions. In addition, the limitations of the UZ model are discussed in Section 8.11.

Y. Wu

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

SHORT TIMESCALE VARIATIONS IN THE ATMOSPHERE OF ANTARES A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze three years of high-resolution spectroscopic data and find radial velocity variations with a characteristic timescale of 100 ± 6 days that are nearly sinusoidal. Simultaneous variations in line-depth ratios imply temperature variations of up to 100 K. No photometric variation is seen on a 100 day timescale. The timescale of the variation and its resonant nature suggest solar-like oscillations driven by large-scale convection.

Pugh, T.; Gray, David F., E-mail: tpugh@uwo.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western University, London, ON (Canada)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Composition pulse time-of-flight mass flow sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for measuring fluid flow rates over a wide range of flow rates (<1 nL/min to >10 .mu.L/min) and at pressures at least as great as 2,000 psi. The invention is particularly adapted for use in microfluidic systems. The device operates by producing compositional variations in the fluid, or pulses, that are subsequently detected downstream from the point of creation to derive a flow rate. Each pulse, comprising a small fluid volume, whose composition is different from the mean composition of the fluid, can be created by electrochemical means, such as by electrolysis of a solvent, electrolysis of a dissolved species, or electrodialysis of a dissolved ionic species. Measurements of the conductivity of the fluid can be used to detect the arrival time of the pulses, from which the fluid flow rate can be determined. A pair of spaced apart electrodes can be used to produce the electrochemical pulse. In those instances where it is desired to measure a wide range of fluid flow rates a three electrode configuration in which the electrodes are spaced at unequal distances has been found to be desirable.

Harnett, Cindy K. (Livermore, CA); Crocker, Robert W. (Fremont, CA); Mosier, Bruce P. (San Francisco, CA); Caton, Pamela F. (Berkeley, CA); Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Estimation of Parameterized Spatio-Temporal Dynamic Models Ke Xu and Christopher K. Wikle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Parameterized Spatio-Temporal Dynamic Models Ke Xu and Christopher K. Wikle: Christopher K. Wikle, Department of Statistics, University of Missouri, 146 Math Science Building, Columbia

362

The Importance of High Temporal Resolution in Modeling Renewable Energy Penetration Scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

differences. Keywords: Wind power integration, temporal-the particular wind energy integration challenges can bePlanning of the Grid Integration of Wind Energy in Germany

Nicolosi, Marco

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Embedded Temporal Difference in Life Cycle Assessment: Case Study on VW Golf A4 Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

may alter Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) results that wereLife Cycle Impact Assessment,” International Journal of LCAsystem for life cycle assessment. The LCA temporal space

Yuan, Chris; Simon, Rachel; Natalie Mady; Dornfeld, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Advanced tomographic flow diagnostics for opaque multiphase fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the work performed for the ``Advanced Tomographic Flow Diagnostics for Opaque Multiphase Fluids`` LDRD (Laboratory-Directed Research and Development) project and is presented as the fulfillment of the LDRD reporting requirement. Dispersed multiphase flows, particularly gas-liquid flows, are industrially important to the chemical and applied-energy industries, where bubble-column reactors are employed for chemical synthesis and waste treatment. Due to the large range of length scales (10{sup {minus}6}-10{sup 1}m) inherent in real systems, direct numerical simulation is not possible at present, so computational simulations are forced to use models of subgrid-scale processes, the accuracy of which strongly impacts simulation fidelity. The development and validation of such subgrid-scale models requires data sets at representative conditions. The ideal measurement techniques would provide spatially and temporally resolved full-field measurements of the distributions of all phases, their velocity fields, and additional associated quantities such as pressure and temperature. No technique or set of techniques is known that satisfies this requirement. In this study, efforts are focused on characterizing the spatial distribution of the phases in two-phase gas-liquid flow and in three-phase gas-liquid-solid flow. Due to its industrial importance, the bubble-column geometry is selected for diagnostics development and assessment. Two bubble-column testbeds are utilized: one at laboratory scale and one close to industrial scale. Several techniques for measuring the phase distributions at conditions of industrial interest are examined: level-rise measurements, differential-pressure measurements, bulk electrical impedance measurements, electrical bubble probes, x-ray tomography, gamma-densitometry tomography, and electrical impedance tomography.

Torczynski, J.R.; O`Hern, T.J.; Adkins, D.R.; Jackson, N.B.; Shollenberger, K.A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Wavelet-based Adaptive Techniques Applied to Turbulent Hypersonic Scramjet Intake Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simulation of hypersonic flows is computationally demanding due to large gradients of the flow variables caused by strong shock waves and thick boundary or shear layers. The resolution of those gradients imposes the use of extremely small cells in the respective regions. Taking turbulence into account intensives the variation in scales even more. Furthermore, hypersonic flows have been shown to be extremely grid sensitive. For the simulation of three-dimensional configurations of engineering applications, this results in a huge amount of cells and prohibitive computational time. Therefore, modern adaptive techniques can provide a gain with respect to computational costs and accuracy, allowing the generation of locally highly resolved flow regions where they are needed and retaining an otherwise smooth distribution. An h-adaptive technique based on wavelets is employed for the solution of hypersonic flows. The compressible Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations are solved using a differential Reynolds s...

Frauholz, Sarah; Reinartz, Birgit U; Müller, Siegfried; Behr, Marek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow meter and temperature measuring device are described comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips. 7 figures.

McKay, M.D.; Sweeney, C.E.; Spangler, B.S. Jr.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

367

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow meter and temperature measuring device comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips.

McKay, Mark D. (1426 Socastee Dr., North Augusta, SC 29841); Sweeney, Chad E. (3600 Westhampton Dr., Martinez, GA 30907-3036); Spangler, Jr., B. Samuel (2715 Margate Dr., Augusta, GA 30909)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Radial flow heat exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radial flow heat exchanger (20) having a plurality of first passages (24) for transporting a first fluid (25) and a plurality of second passages (26) for transporting a second fluid (27). The first and second passages are arranged in stacked, alternating relationship, are separated from one another by relatively thin plates (30) and (32), and surround a central axis (22). The thickness of the first and second passages are selected so that the first and second fluids, respectively, are transported with laminar flow through the passages. To enhance thermal energy transfer between first and second passages, the latter are arranged so each first passage is in thermal communication with an associated second passage along substantially its entire length, and vice versa with respect to the second passages. The heat exchangers may be stacked to achieve a modular heat exchange assembly (300). Certain heat exchangers in the assembly may be designed slightly differently than other heat exchangers to address changes in fluid properties during transport through the heat exchanger, so as to enhance overall thermal effectiveness of the assembly.

Valenzuela, Javier (Hanover, NH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Annular flow diverter valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A valve for diverting flow from the center of two concentric tubes to the annulus between the tubes or, operating in the reverse direction, for mixing fluids from concentric tubes into a common tube and for controlling the volume ratio of said flow consists of a toroidal baffle disposed in sliding engagement with the interior of the inner tube downstream of a plurality of ports in the inner tube, a plurality of gates in sliding engagement with the interior of the inner tube attached to the baffle for movement therewith, a servomotor having a bullet-shaped plug on the downstream end thereof, and drive rods connecting the servomotor to the toroidal baffle, the servomotor thereby being adapted to move the baffle into mating engagement with the bullet-shaped plug and simultaneously move the gates away from the ports in the inner tube and to move the baffle away from the bullet-shaped plug and simultaneously move the gates to cover the ports in the inner tube.

Rider, Robert L. (Walkersville, MD)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Non-isothermal flow in low permeable porous media: A comparison of Richards' and two-phase flow approaches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present work compares the performance of two alternative flow models for the simulation of thermal-hydraulic coupled processes in low permeable porous media: non-isothermal Richards and two-phase flow concepts. Both models take vaporization processes into account: however, the Richards model neglects dynamic pressure variations and bulk flow of the gaseous phase. For the comparison of the two approaches first published data from a laboratory experiment is studied involving thermally driven moisture flow in a partially saturated bentonite sample. Then a benchmark test of longer-term thermal-hydraulic behavior in the engineered barrier system of a geological nuclear waste repository is analyzed (DECOVALEX project). It was found that both models can be used to reproduce the vaporization process if the intrinsic permeability is relative high. However, when a thermal-hydraulic coupled problem has the same low intrinsic permeability for both the liquid and the gas phase, only the two-phase flow approach provides reasonable results.

Wang, W.; Rutqvist, J.; Gorke, U.-J.; Birkholzer, J.T.; Kolditz, O.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Temporal Profiles and Spectral Lags of XRF 060218  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectral and temporal properties of the non-thermal emission ofthe nearby XRF 060218 in 0.3-150 keV band are studied. We show that both the spectral energy distribution and the light curve properties suggest the same origin of the non-thermal emission detected by {\\em Swift} BAT and XRT. This event has the longest pulse duration and spectral lag observed to date among the known GRBs. The pulse structure and its energy dependence are analogous to typical GRBs. By extrapolating the observed spectral lag to the {\\em CGRO/BATSE} bands we find that the hypothesis that this event complies with the same luminosity-lag relation with bright GRBs cannot be ruled out at $2\\sigma$ significance level. These intriguing facts, along with its compliance with the Amati-relation, indicate that XRF 060218 shares the similar radiation physics as typical GRBs.

Liang, E W; Stamatikos, M; Zhang, B; Norris, J; Gehrels, N; Zhang, J; Dai, Z G; Liang, En-Wei; Zhang, Bin-Bin; Stamatikos, Mike; Zhang, Bing; Norris, Jay; Gehrels, Neil; Zhang, Jin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Unsupervised Learning in Networks of Spiking Neurons Using Temporal Coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. We propose a mechanism for unsupervised learning in networks of spiking neurons which is based on the timing of single firing events. Our results show that a topology preserving behaviour quite similar to that of Kohonen's self-organizing map can be achieved using temporal coding. In contrast to previous approaches, which use rate coding, the winner among competing neurons can be determined fast and locally. Hence our model is a further step towards a more realistic description of unsupervised learning in biological neural systems. 1 Introduction In the area of modelling information processing in biological neural systems, there is an ongoing debate about which essentials have to be taken into account (see e.g. [3,13,11,9]). Discrete models, such as threshold gates or McCullochPitts neurons, are undoubtedly very simplistic descriptions of biological neurons. Models with real-valued output, such as the sigmoidal gate, where analogue values are interpreted as firing rates of biologica...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Active combustion flow modulation valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow modulation valve has a slidably translating hollow armature with at least one energizable coil wound around and fixably attached to the hollow armature. The energizable coil or coils are influenced by at least one permanent magnet surrounding the hollow armature and supported by an outer casing. Lorentz forces on the energizable coils which are translated to the hollow armature, increase or decrease the flow area to provide flow throttling action. The extent of hollow armature translation depends on the value of current supplied and the direction of translation depends on the direction of current flow. The compact nature of the flow modulation valve combined with the high forces afforded by the actuator design provide a flow modulation valve which is highly responsive to high-rate input control signals.

Hensel, John Peter; Black, Nathaniel; Thorton, Jimmy Dean; Vipperman, Jeffrey Stuart; Lambeth, David N; Clark, William W

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

374

Variational nodal transport methods with anisotropic scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variational nodal method is generalized to treat within-group and group-to-group anisotropic scattering in two- and three-dimensional eigenvalue and fixed source problems. The resulting formalism is implemented as the VARIational Anisotropic Nodal Transport code (VARIANT) within the shell of the Argonne National Laboratory production code DIF3D. The code is applied to a series of Cartesian and hexagonal geometry model problems and the accuracy of the results compared to those from TWODANT and TWOHEX and to the Monte Carlo code VIM, respectively, in two and three dimensions. VARIANT is then applied to multigroup hexagonal representations of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II, and results are obtained for three-dimensional eigenvalue and for two-dimensional neutron-gamma heating problems.

Palmiotti, G. (Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saint-Paul-les-Durance (France)); Carrico, C.B. (Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL (United States)); Lewis, E.E. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

On seismic signatures of rapid variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an improved model for an asteroseismic diagnostic contained in the frequency spacing of low-degree acoustic modes. By modelling in a realistic manner regions of rapid variation of dynamically relevant quantities, which we call acoustic glitches, we can derive signatures of the gross properties of those glitches. In particular, we are interested in measuring properties that are related to the helium ionization zones and to the rapid variation in the background state associated with the lower boundary of the convective envelope. The formula for the seismic diagnostic is tested against a sequence of theoretical models of the Sun, and is compared with seismic diagnostics published previously by Monteiro & Thompson (1998, 2005) and by Basu et al. (2004).

G. Houdek; D. O. Gough

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Quantifying microbubble clustering in turbulent flow from single-point measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-point hot-wire measurements in the bulk of a turbulent channel have been performed in order to detect and quantify the phenomenon of preferential bubble accumulation. We show that statistical analysis of the bubble-probe colliding-times series can give a robust method for investigation of clustering in the bulk regions of a turbulent flow where, due to the opacity of the flow, no imaging technique can be employed. We demonstrate that micro-bubbles (radius R_0 ~ 0.1 mm) in a developed turbulent flow, where the Kolmogorov length-scale is, eta ~ R_0, display preferential concentration in small scale structures with a typical statistical signature ranging from the dissipative range, O(eta), up to the low inertial range, O(100 eta). A comparison with Eulerian-Lagrangian numeri- cal simulations is also presented to further support our proposed way to characterize clustering from temporal time series at a fixed position.

Enrico Calzavarini; Thomas H. van den Berg; Federico Toschi; Detlef Lohse

2008-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

377

Differential probes aid flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonconstricting differential pressure flow probes which help solve the problems of clogging, wear, and pressure loss at the Seawater Filtration Facility in Saudi Arabia are described. Treated seawater is pumped into oil-bearing formations for secondary recovery. Figures showing principle of operation for probes, installation schematic and long-term accuracy results (flow probes vs. orifice meters) are presented. The new diamond-shaped design flow sensor offers accurate flow measurement with low permanent pressure loss, which translates into cost savings for the operator.

Mesnard, D.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Early universe constraints on time variation of fundamental constants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the time variation of fundamental constants in the early Universe. Using data from primordial light nuclei abundances, cosmic microwave background, and the 2dFGRS power spectrum, we put constraints on the time variation of the fine structure constant {alpha} and the Higgs vacuum expectation value without assuming any theoretical framework. A variation in leads to a variation in the electron mass, among other effects. Along the same line, we study the variation of {alpha} and the electron mass m{sub e}. In a purely phenomenological fashion, we derive a relationship between both variations.

Landau, Susana J.; Mosquera, Mercedes E.; Scoccola, Claudia G.; Vucetich, Hector [Departamento de Fisica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria-Pabellon 1, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); and Instituto de Astrofisica, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Systems for controlling the intensity variations in a laser beam and for frequency conversion thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In order to control the intensity of a laser beam so that its intensity varies uniformly and provides uniform illumination of a target, such as a laser fusion target, a broad bandwidth laser pulse is spectrally dispersed spatially so that the frequency components thereof are spread apart. A disperser (grating) provides an output beam which varies spatially in wavelength in at least one direction transverse to the direction of propagation of the beam. Temporal spread (time delay) across the beam is corrected by using a phase delay device (a time delay compensation echelon). The dispersed beam may be amplified with laser amplifiers and frequency converted (doubled, tripled or quadrupled in frequency) with nonlinear optical elements (birefringent crystals). The spectral variation across the beam is compensated by varying the angle of incidence on one of the crystals with respect to the crystal optical axis utilizing a lens which diverges the beam. Another lens after the frequency converter may be used to recollimate the beam. The frequency converted beam is recombined so that portions of different frequency interfere and, unlike interference between waves of the same wavelength, there results an intensity pattern with rapid temoral oscillations which average out rapidly in time thereby producing uniform illumination on target. A distributed phase plate (also known as a random phase mask), through which the spectrally dispersed beam is passed and then focused on a target, is used to provide the interference pattern which becomes nearly modulation free and uniform in intensity in the direction of the spectral variation.

Skupsky, Stanley (Rochester, NY); Craxton, R. Stephen (Rochester, NY); Soures, John (Pittsford, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Unusual Congenital Aortic Anomaly with Rare Common Celiamesenteric Trunk Variation: MR Angiography and Digital Substraction Angiography Findings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic resonance angiography and digital substraction angiography (DSA) findings in a case with a rare congenital thoracoabdominal aortic hypoplasia and common celiamesenteric trunk variation with occlusion of infrarenal abdominal aorta are described here. To our knowledge, this aortic anomaly has not been previously described in the English literature. DSA is the optimum imaging modality for determination of aortic hypoplasia, associated vascular malformations, collateral vessels, and direction of flow within vessels.

Tosun, Ozgur [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey)], E-mail: ztosun@yahoo.com; Sanlidilek, Umman [Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Cetin, Huseyin [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Ozdemir, Ozcan [Ankara Akay Hospital, Department of Cardiology (Turkey); Kurt, Aydin; Sakarya, Mehmet Emin; Tas, Ismet [Ankara Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Section 11: Interfacial flows 1 Section 11: Interfacial flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract 15:10 ­ 15:30: Martin Lübke, Olaf Wünsch (Universität Kassel): Two-Phase Flow in Single- Screw Extruders Abstract S11.4: Capillary Flows Wed, 16:00­18:00 Chair: Dieter Bothe S1|03­123 16:00 ­ 16:20: K

Kohlenbach, Ulrich

382

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of flow patterns and flow mechanisms in soils Dissertation Co-directed by the University mechanism or changing soil physical properties (stratification). Thus, in stratified soil, we restricted was prepared at the Department of Soil Physics, University of Bayreuth, and at the Hydrogeological Laboratory

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

383

IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY by Eric Identifying Temporal Trends in Treated Sagebrush Communities Using Remotely Sensed Imagery by Eric D. Sant over time, brightness and greenness provided diagnostic trends and condition of treated big sagebrush

Ramsey, R. Douglas

384

Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data Montserrat fields. Doppler radar data offer better spatial and temporal coverage, but Doppler radar measures values. We use spatial logistic regression to model the probability of rain for both sources of data

Reich, Brian J.

385

Temporal Triggers in Active Databases A. Prasad Sistla 1 Ouri Wolfson 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

these conditions refer to the evolution of the database state over time (i.e. the database history). For example­begin, transaction­commit, invocation of a method, etc.) in addition to the database history. The following temporalTemporal Triggers in Active Databases A. Prasad Sistla 1 Ouri Wolfson 1 Department of Electrical

Wolfson, Ouri E.

386

Improved techniques for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved techniques for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location John for studying the temporal and spatial behavior of fish in a fixed location. ­ ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 700­706. There are many situations when it is important to know accurately the behavior of fish

387

Modelling Alternatives in Temporal Networks Roman Bartk*, Ondej Cepek* , Pavel Surynek*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Alternatives in Temporal Networks Roman Barták*, Ondej Cepek* , Pavel Surynek* *Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics Malostranské nám. 2/25, 118 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic {roman temporal network is an NP-complete problem. To simplify solving this problem, we propose a pre

Qu, Rong

388

AN ITERATIVE SPATIO-TEMPORAL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM FOR MICROPHONE ARRAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ITERATIVE SPATIO-TEMPORAL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM FOR MICROPHONE ARRAYS !"#"$ %&'t" "nd +c ABSTRACT We present a new spatio-temporal algorithm for speech enhancement using microphone arrays. Our-dependent parameter settings. Index Terms4 Speech enhancement, acoustic arrays, adaptive arrays, eigenvalues

Douglas, Scott C.

389

Temporal Data Mining Approaches for Sustainable Chiller Management in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Temporal Data Mining Approaches for Sustainable Chiller Management in Data Centers DEBPRAKASH the design and im- plementation of CAMAS (Chiller Advisory and MAnagement System), a temporal data mining solution to mine and manage chiller installations. CAMAS embodies a set of algorithms for processing

390

Temporal Data Mining Approaches for Sustainable Chiller Management in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

34 Temporal Data Mining Approaches for Sustainable Chiller Management in Data Centers DEBPRAKASH the design and implementation of CAMAS (Chiller Advisory and MAnagement System), a temporal data mining solution to mine and manage chiller installations. CAMAS embodies a set of algorithms for processing

Ramakrishnan, Naren

391

Temporal Changes in Wind as Objects for Evaluating Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a method of evaluating numerical weather prediction models by comparing the characteristics of temporal for biases in features forecast by the model. 1. Introduction Verification of numerical weather predictionTemporal Changes in Wind as Objects for Evaluating Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction DARAN L

Knievel, Jason Clark

392

Hierarchical Representation of Videos with Spatio-Temporal Fibers Ratnesh Kumar Guillaume Charpiat Monique Thonnat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Representation of Videos with Spatio-Temporal Fibers Ratnesh Kumar Guillaume Charpiat representation of videos, as spatio- temporal fibers. These fibers are clusters of trajectories that are meshed spatially in the image domain. They form a hier- archical partition of the video into regions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

393

VIDEO SUMMARIZATION BY SPATIAL-TEMPORAL GRAPH OPTIMIZATION Shi Lu, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIDEO SUMMARIZATION BY SPATIAL-TEMPORAL GRAPH OPTIMIZATION Shi Lu, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King SAR {slu, lyu, king}@cse.cuhk.edu.hk ABSTRACT In this paper we present a novel approach for video sum-temporal content cov- erage and visual coherence of the video summary. The ap- proach has three stages. First

King, Kuo Chin Irwin

394

activated glomeruli, (ii) the spatial combination of active neurons, (iii) the slow temporal sequence of activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system is not a static phenomenon but a dynamical process with different temporal components, eachof them probably readout byan adapted mechanism. This spatio-temporal representation is moreover dyna- mically be selected on the basis of their respiratory phase. Such a functional phase-coding relative to theta cycle (i

395

Mercury: A Memory-Constrained Spatio-temporal Real-time Search on Microblogs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury: A Memory-Constrained Spatio-temporal Real-time Search on Microblogs Amr Magdy1§ , Mohamed Mercury; a system for real-time support of top-k spatio-temporal queries on microblogs, where users are able to browse recent microblogs near their locations. With high arrival rates of microblogs, Mercury

Bernstein, Phil

396

TimeML-Compliant Text Analysis for Temporal Reasoning Branimir Boguraev and Rie Kubota Ando  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expres- 1 This work was supported by the ARDA NIMD (Novel Intelli- gence and Massive Data) program PNWD], and temporal ordering of events in news [Mani et al., 2003]. Operational question answering (QA) systems can operational requirements for, in effect, temporal reasoning. More sophis- ticated QA, for instance, needs more

Johnson, Rie

397

Process Mining and Verification of Properties: An Approach based on Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, temporal logic, business process management, workflow management, data mining, Petri nets. 1 IntroductionProcess Mining and Verification of Properties: An Approach based on Temporal Logic W.M.P. van der flexible, both the need for, and the complexity of monitoring increases. Our earlier work on process mining

van der Aalst, Wil

398

ONLINE SEIZURE DETECTION IN ADULTS WITH TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY USING SINGLE-LEAD ECG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ONLINE SEIZURE DETECTION IN ADULTS WITH TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY USING SINGLE-LEAD ECG T. De Cooman detection using only single-lead ECG is pro- posed. It is tested on 300h of data from adults with temporal, online seizure detection, ECG, LSVM, LDA 1. INTRODUCTION Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects

399

Consistent parametric estimation of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consistent parametric estimation of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process. Frederic under which parametric estimates of the intensity of a spatial-temporal point process are consistent. Although the actual point process being estimated may not be Poisson, an estimate involving maximizing

Schoenberg, Frederic Paik (Rick)

400

Effect of flow fluctuations and nonflow on elliptic flow methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss how the different estimates of elliptic flow are influenced by flow fluctuations and nonflow effects. It is explained why the event-plane method yields estimates between the two-particle correlation methods and the multiparticle correlation methods. It is argued that nonflow effects and fluctuations cannot be disentangled without other assumptions. However, we provide equations where, with reasonable assumptions about fluctuations and nonflow, all measured values of elliptic flow converge to a unique mean v_2,PP elliptic flow in the participant plane and, with a Gaussian assumption on eccentricity fluctuations, can be converted to the mean v_2,RP in the reaction plane. Thus, the 20percent spread in observed elliptic flow measurements from different analysis methods is no longer mysterious.

Ollitrault, Jean-Yves; Poskanzer, Arthur M.; Voloshin, Sergei A.

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Detection and quantitation of single nucleotide polymorphisms, DNA sequence variations, DNA mutations, DNA damage and DNA mismatches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DNA mutation binding proteins alone and as chimeric proteins with nucleases are used with solid supports to detect DNA sequence variations, DNA mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms. The solid supports may be flow cytometry beads, DNA chips, glass slides or DNA dips sticks. DNA molecules are coupled to solid supports to form DNA-support complexes. Labeled DNA is used with unlabeled DNA mutation binding proteins such at TthMutS to detect DNA sequence variations, DNA mutations and single nucleotide length polymorphisms by binding which gives an increase in signal. Unlabeled DNA is utilized with labeled chimeras to detect DNA sequence variations, DNA mutations and single nucleotide length polymorphisms by nuclease activity of the chimera which gives a decrease in signal.

McCutchen-Maloney, Sandra L. (Pleasanton, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

INTERACTIONS OF FLOWING PLASMA WITH COLLECTING SPHERE/OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposer’s computational flowing plasma group, supported in part by NSF/DOE since 2006, has been enormously productive. It has published 22 journal articles, of which 3 are in Physical Review Letters; received a total of 330 citations, and made 5 invited and numerous contributed presentations at international conferences. In addition, other groups have published at least 3 papers [20-22] based upon results they have obtained from the SCEPTIC code, developed by the proposer. The codes developed for this subject are Particle In Cell (PIC) codes, representing the entire ion distribution function and its variation in space in the vicinity of an absorbing object.

HUTCHINSON, IAN H.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Numerical simulation of water flow around a rigid fishing net  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to the simulation of the flow around and inside a rigid axisymmetric net. We describe first how experimental data have been obtained. We show in detail the modelization. The model is based on a Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes turbulence model penalized by a term based on the Brinkman law. At the out-boundary of the computational box, we have used a "ghost" boundary condition. We show that the corresponding variational problem has a solution. Then the numerical scheme is given and the paper finishes with numerical simulations compared with the experimental data.

Roger Lewandowski; Géraldine Pichot

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

404

Statistical static timing analysis considering process variations and crosstalk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing relative semiconductor process variations are making the prediction of realistic worst-case integrated circuit delay or sign-off yield more difficult. As process geometries shrink, intra-die variations have become dominant...

Veluswami, Senthilkumar

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two Neotropical savannahs (Brazilian March 2001) Abstract ­ The belowground biomass of two types of ecosystems, frequently burned open by flotation and sieving. Belowground biomass showed significant seasonal variation, values being higher during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

406

TEMPORAL STABILITY OF SUNSPOT UMBRAL INTENSITIES: 1986-2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the relative intensity of sunspot umbrae during the period from 1986 to 2012 using photometric images from the San Fernando Observatory. We confirm the presence of a relationship between the mean umbral core intensity and the mean sunspot area, as found in previous studies, and do not find a notable change in this relationship between cycles 22 and 23. We looked for a possible time variation in the sunspot umbral contrast during the 27 yr covering cycles 22, 23, and the rise of cycle 24, and we did not find a significant change. These findings do not indicate that sunspots have become less dark during cycles 23 and 24.

De Toma, G. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Chapman, G. A.; Cookson, A. M.; Preminger, D., E-mail: detoma@ucar.edu [San Fernando Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Northridge, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

407

Network Flow Optimization under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network model in words Minimize the cost of satisfying demands for electric energy By: imports, exports and electricity Subject to: conservation of energy flows (net after losses), lower and upper bounds on flows is a reactive approach: how would the optimal solution have changed if I'd only known? · Proactive approaches

Tesfatsion, Leigh

408

Redox Flow Batteries, a Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Redox flow batteries are enjoying a renaissance due to their ability to store large amounts of electrical energy relatively cheaply and efficiently. In this review, we examine the components of redox flow batteries with a focus on understanding the underlying physical processes. The various transport and kinetic phenomena are discussed along with the most common redox couples.

U. Tennessee Knoxville; U. Texas Austin; McGill U; Weber, Adam Z.; Mench, Matthew M.; Meyers, Jeremy P.; Ross, Philip N.; Gostick, Jeffrey T.; Liu, Qinghua

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Temporal and spectral imaging with micro-CT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Micro-CT is widely used for small animal imaging in preclinical studies of cardiopulmonary disease, but further development is needed to improve spatial resolution, temporal resolution, and material contrast. We present a technique for visualizing the changing distribution of iodine in the cardiac cycle with dual source micro-CT. Methods: The approach entails a retrospectively gated dual energy scan with optimized filters and voltages, and a series of computational operations to reconstruct the data. Projection interpolation and five-dimensional bilateral filtration (three spatial dimensions + time + energy) are used to reduce noise and artifacts associated with retrospective gating. We reconstruct separate volumes corresponding to different cardiac phases and apply a linear transformation to decompose these volumes into components representing concentrations of water and iodine. Since the resulting material images are still compromised by noise, we improve their quality in an iterative process that minimizes the discrepancy between the original acquired projections and the projections predicted by the reconstructed volumes. The values in the voxels of each of the reconstructed volumes represent the coefficients of linear combinations of basis functions over time and energy. We have implemented the reconstruction algorithm on a graphics processing unit (GPU) with CUDA. We tested the utility of the technique in simulations and applied the technique in an in vivo scan of a C57BL/6 mouse injected with blood pool contrast agent at a dose of 0.01 ml/g body weight. Postreconstruction, at each cardiac phase in the iodine images, we segmented the left ventricle and computed its volume. Using the maximum and minimum volumes in the left ventricle, we calculated the stroke volume, the ejection fraction, and the cardiac output. Results: Our proposed method produces five-dimensional volumetric images that distinguish different materials at different points in time, and can be used to segment regions containing iodinated blood and compute measures of cardiac function. Conclusions: We believe this combined spectral and temporal imaging technique will be useful for future studies of cardiopulmonary disease in small animals.

Johnston, Samuel M.; Johnson, G. Allan; Badea, Cristian T. [Center for In Vivo Microscopy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Vertical flow chemical detection portal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portal apparatus is described for screening objects or persons for the presence of trace amounts of chemical substances such as illicit drugs or explosives. The apparatus has a test space, in which a person may stand, defined by two generally upright sides spanned by a horizontal transom. One or more fans in the transom generate a downward air flow (uni-directional) within the test space. The air flows downwardly from a high pressure upper zone, past the object or person to be screened. Air moving past the object dislodges from the surface thereof both volatile and nonvolatile particles of the target substance. The particles are entrained into the air flow which continues flowing downward to a lower zone of reduced pressure, where the particle-bearing air stream is directed out of the test space and toward preconcentrator and detection components. The sides of the portal are specially configured to partially contain and maintain the air flow. 3 figs.

Linker, K.L.; Hannum, D.W.; Conrad, F.J.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

411

ANTI-PARALLEL EUV FLOWS OBSERVED ALONG ACTIVE REGION FILAMENT THREADS WITH HI-C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma flows within prominences/filaments have been observed for many years and hold valuable clues concerning the mass and energy balance within these structures. Previous observations of these flows primarily come from H? and cool extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lines (e.g., 304 Å) where estimates of the size of the prominence threads has been limited by the resolution of the available instrumentation. Evidence of 'counter-steaming' flows has previously been inferred from these cool plasma observations, but now, for the first time, these flows have been directly imaged along fundamental filament threads within the million degree corona (at 193 Å). In this work, we present observations of an AR filament observed with the High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) that exhibits anti-parallel flows along adjacent filament threads. Complementary data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager are presented. The ultra-high spatial and temporal resolution of Hi-C allow the anti-parallel flow velocities to be measured (70-80 km s{sup –1}) and gives an indication of the resolvable thickness of the individual strands (0.''8 ± 0.''1). The temperature of the plasma flows was estimated to be log T (K) = 5.45 ± 0.10 using Emission Measure loci analysis. We find that SDO/AIA cannot clearly observe these anti-parallel flows or measure their velocity or thread width due to its larger pixel size. We suggest that anti-parallel/counter-streaming flows are likely commonplace within all filaments and are currently not observed in EUV due to current instrument spatial resolution.

Alexander, Caroline E.; Walsh, Robert W.; Régnier, Stéphane [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)] [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); Cirtain, Jonathan; Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, VP 62, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)] [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, VP 62, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Weber, Mark [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kobayashi, Ken [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)] [Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 320 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Platt, Simon; Mitchell, Nick [School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)] [School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); DePontieu, Bart; Title, Alan [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover Street, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab, 3251 Hanover Street, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA (United States); DeForest, Craig [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States)] [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Kuzin, Sergey [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt, 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [P.N. Lebedev Physical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospekt, 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

Mechanism governing separation in microfluidic pinched flow fractionation devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a computational investigation of the mechanism governing size-based particle separation in microfluidic pinched flow fractionation. We study the behavior of particles moving through a pinching gap (i.e., a constriction in the aperture of a channel) in the Stokes regime as a function of particle size. The constriction aperture is created by a plane wall and spherical obstacle, and emulates the pinching segment in pinched flow fractionation devices. The simulation results show that the distance of closest approach between the particle and obstacle surfaces (along a trajectory) decreases with increasing particle size. We then use the distance of closest approach to investigate the effect of short-range repulsive non-hydrodynamic interactions (e.g., solid-solid contact). We define a critical trajectory as the one in which the minimum particle-obstacle separation is equal to the range of the non-hydrodynamic interactions. The results further show that the initial offset of the critical trajectory (defined as the critical offset) increases with particle size. We interpret the variation of the critical offset with particle size as the basis for size-based microfluidic separation in pinched flow fractionation. We also compare the effect of different driving fields on the particle trajectories; we simulate a constant force driving the particles in a quiescent fluid as well as a freely suspended particles in a pressure-driven flow. We observe that the particles driven by a constant force approach closer to the obstacle than those suspended in a flow (for the same initial offset). On the other hand, the increment in the critical offset (as a function of particle size) is larger in the pressure-driven case than in the force-driven case. Thus, pressure-driven particle separation using pinched flow fractionation would prove more effective than its force-driven counterpart.

Sumedh R. Risbud; German Drazer

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

413

Flow calculations for Yucca Mountain groundwater travel time (GWTT-95)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1983, high-level radioactive waste repository performance requirements related to groundwater travel time were defined by NRC subsystem regulation 10 CFR 60.113. Although DOE is not presently attempting to demonstrate compliance with that regulation, understanding of the prevalence of fast paths in the groundwater flow system remains a critical element of any safety analyses for a potential repository system at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Therefore, this analysis was performed to allow comparison of fast-path flow against the criteria set forth in the regulation. Models developed to describe the conditions for initiation, propagation, and sustainability of rapid groundwater movement in both the unsaturated and saturated zones will form part of the technical basis for total- system analyses to assess site viability and site licensability. One of the most significant findings is that the fastest travel times in both unsaturated and saturated zones are in the southern portion of the potential repository, so it is recommended that site characterization studies concentrate on this area. Results support the assumptions regarding the importance of an appropriate conceptual model of groundwater flow and the incorporation of heterogeneous material properties into the analyses. Groundwater travel times are sensitive to variation/uncertainty in hydrologic parameters and in infiltration flux at upper boundary of the problem domain. Simulated travel times are also sensitive to poorly constrained parameters of the interaction between flow in fractures and in the matrix.

Altman, S.J.; Arnold, B.W.; Barnard, R.W.; Barr, G.E.; Ho, C.K.; McKenna, S.A.; Eaton, R.R.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Seismic attenuation due to wave-induced flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytical expressions for three P-wave attenuation mechanisms in sedimentary rocks are given a unified theoretical framework. Two of the models concern wave-induced flow due to heterogeneity in the elastic moduli at mesoscopic scales (scales greater than grain sizes but smaller than wavelengths). In the first model, the heterogeneity is due to lithological variations (e.g., mixtures of sands and clays) with a single fluid saturating all the pores. In the second model, a single uniform lithology is saturated in mesoscopic ''patches'' by two immiscible fluids (e.g., air and water). In the third model, the heterogeneity is at ''microscopic'' grain scales (broken grain contacts and/or micro-cracks in the grains) and the associated fluid response corresponds to ''squirt flow''. The model of squirt flow derived here reduces to proper limits as any of the fluid bulk modulus, crack porosity, and/or frequency is reduced to zero. It is shown that squirt flow is incapable of explaining the measured level of loss (10{sup -2} < Q{sup -1} < 10{sup -1}) within the seismic band of frequencies (1 to 10{sup 4} Hz); however, either of the two mesoscopic scale models easily produce enough attenuation to explain the field data.

Pride, S.R.; Berryman, J.G.; Harris, J.M.

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

415

Wavy flow cooling concept for turbine airfoils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An airfoil including an outer wall and a cooling cavity formed therein. The cooling cavity includes a leading edge flow channel located adjacent a leading edge of the airfoil and a trailing edge flow channel located adjacent a trailing edge of the airfoil. Each of the leading edge and trailing edge flow channels define respective first and second flow axes located between pressure and suction sides of the airfoil. A plurality of rib members are located within each of the flow channels, spaced along the flow axes, and alternately extending from opposing sides of the flow channels to define undulating flow paths through the flow channels.

Liang, George (Palm City, FL)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

Variational thermodynamics of relativistic thin disks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a relativistic model describing a thin disk system composed of two fluids. The system is surrounded by a halo in the presence of a non-trivial electromagnetic field. We show that the model is compatible with the variational multi-fluid thermodynamics formalism, allowing us to determine all the thermodynamic variables associated with the matter content of the disk. The asymptotic behaviour of these quantities indicates that the single fluid interpretation should be abandoned in favour of a two-fluid model.

A C Gutiérrez-Piñeres; C S Lopez-Monsalvo; H Quevedo

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

417

Variational Iteration Method for Image Restoration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The famous Perona-Malik (P-M) equation which was at first introduced for image restoration has been solved via various numerical methods. In this paper we will solve it for the first time via applying a new numerical method called the Variational Iteration Method (VIM) and the correspondent approximated solutions will be obtained for the P-M equation with regards to relevant error analysis. Through implementation of our algorithm we will access some effective results which are deserved to be considered as worthy as the other solutions issued by the other methods.

Yahya, Keyvan; Azari, Hossein; Fard, Pouyan Rafiei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Complexified cones. Spectral gaps and variational principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider contractions of complexified real cones, as recently introduced by Rugh in [Rugh10]. Dubois [Dub09] gave optimal conditions to determine if a matrix contracts a canonical complex cone. First we generalize his results to the case of complex operators on a Banach space and give precise conditions for the contraction and an improved estimate of the size of the associated spectral gap. We then prove a variational formula for the leading eigenvalue similar to the Collatz-Wielandt formula for a real cone contraction. Morally, both cases boil down to the study of suitable collections of 2 by 2 matrices and their contraction properties on the Riemann sphere.

Dubois, Loïc

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

VARIATIONS IN THE SOLAR NEUTRINO FZUX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II Field EmissionFunctionalPortalV > 1114 VARIATIONS IN

420

Modeling of temporal behavior of isotopic exchange between gaseous hydrogen and palladium hydride power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A parametric rate-equation model is described which depicts the time dependent behavior of the isotopic exchange process occurring between the solid and gas phases in gaseous hydrogen (deuterium) flows through packed-powder palladium deuteride (hydride) beds. The exchange mechanism is assumed to be rate-limited by processes taking place on the surface of the powder. The fundamental kinetic parameter of the model is the isotopic exchange probability, p, which is the probability that an isotopic exchange event occurs during a collision of a gas phase atom with the surface. Isotope effects between the gas and solid phases are explicitly included in terms of the isotope separation factor, ..cap alpha... Results of the model are compared with recent experimental measurements of isotope exchange in the ..beta..-phase hydrogen/palladium system and, using a literature value of ..cap alpha.. = 2.4, a good description of the experimental data is obtained for p approx. 10/sup -7/. In view of the importance of the isotope effects in the hydrogen/palladium system and the range of ..cap alpha.. values reported for the ..beta..-phase in the literature, the sensitivity of the model results to a variation in the value of ..cap alpha.. is examined.

Melius, C F; Foltz, G W

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Primordial black holes from temporally enhanced curvature perturbation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scalar field with generalized kinetic interactions metamorphoses depending on its field value, ranging from cosmological constant to stiff matter. We show that such a scalar field can give rise to temporal enhancement of the curvature perturbation in the primordial Universe, leading to efficient production of primordial black holes while the enhancement persists. If the inflation energy scale is high, those mini-black holes evaporate by the Hawking radiation much before Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the effective reheating of the Universe is achieved by the black hole evaporation. Dominance of PBHs and the reheating by their evaporation modify the expansion history of the primordial Universe. This results in a characteristic feature of the spectrum of primordial tensor modes in the DECIGO frequency band, opening an interesting possibility of testing PBH reheating scenario by measuring the primordial tensor modes. If the inflation energy scale is low, the PBH mass can be much larger than the solar mass. In this case, PBH is an interesting candidate for seeds for supermassive black holes residing in present galaxies.

Teruaki Suyama; Yi-Peng Wu; Jun'ichi Yokoyama

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

422

Facebook Applications' Installation and Removal: A Temporal Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facebook applications are one of the reasons for Facebook attractiveness. Unfortunately, numerous users are not aware of the fact that many malicious Facebook applications exist. To educate users, to raise users' awareness and to improve Facebook users' security and privacy, we developed a Firefox add-on that alerts users to the number of installed applications on their Facebook profiles. In this study, we present the temporal analysis of the Facebook applications' installation and removal dataset collected by our add-on. This dataset consists of information from 2,945 users, collected during a period of over a year. We used linear regression to analyze our dataset and discovered the linear connection between the average percentage change of newly installed Facebook applications and the number of days passed since the user initially installed our add-on. Additionally, we found out that users who used our Firefox add-on become more aware of their security and privacy installing on average fewer new application...

Kagan, Dima; Elyashar, Aviad; Elovici, Yuval

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Bypass Flow Computations using a One-Twelfth Symmetric Sector For Normal Operation in a 350 MWth VHTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant uncertainty exists about the effects of bypass flow in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). Bypass flow is the flow in the gaps between prismatic graphite blocks in the core. The gaps are present because of variations in their construction, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage from thermal heating and neutron fluence. Calculations are performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for flow of the helium coolant in the gap and coolant channels along with conjugate heat generation and heat transfer in the fuel compacts and graphite. A commercial CFD code is used for all of the computations. A one-twelfth sector of a standard hexagonal block column is used for the CFD model because of its symmetry. Various scenarios are computed by varying the gap width from zero to 5 mm, varying the total heat generation rate to examine average and peak radial generation rates and variation of the graphite block geometry to account for the effects of shrinkage caused by irradiation. The calculations are for a 350 MWth prismatic reactor. It is shown that the effect of increasing gap width, while maintaining the same total mass flow rate, causes increased maximum fuel temperature while providing significant cooling to the near-gap region. The maximum outlet coolant temperature variation is increased by the presence of gap flow and also by an increase in total heat generation with a gap present. The effect of block shrinkage is actually to decrease maximum fuel temperature compared to a similar reference case.

Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Bypass Flow Computations using a One-Twelfth Symmetric Sector For Normal Operation in a 350 MWth VHTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant uncertainty exists about the effects of bypass flow in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). Bypass flow is the flow in the gaps between prismatic graphite blocks in the core. The gaps are present because of variations in their construction, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage from thermal heating and neutron fluence. Calculations are performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for flow of the helium coolant in the gap and coolant channels along with conjugate heat generation and heat transfer in the fuel compacts and graphite. A commercial CFD code is used for all of the computations. A one-twelfth sector of a standard hexagonal block column is used for the CFD model because of its symmetry. Various scenarios are computed by varying the gap width from zero to 5 mm, varying the total heat generation rate to examine average and peak radial generation rates and variation of the graphite block geometry to account for the effects of shrinkage caused by irradiation. The calculations are for a 350 MWth prismatic reactor. It is shown that the effect of increasing gap width, while maintaining the same total mass flow rate, causes increased maximum fuel temperature while providing significant cooling to the near-gap region. The maximum outlet coolant temperature variation is increased by the presence of gap flow and also by an increase in total heat generation with a gap present. The effect of block shrinkage is actually to decrease maximum fuel temperature compared to a similar reference case.

Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Turbine blade tip flow discouragers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationery shroud. The rotating blade portions comprise a root section, a tip portion and an airfoil. The tip portion has a pressure side wall and a suction side wall. A number of flow discouragers are disposed on the blade tip portion. In one embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. In an alternative embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned at an angle in the range between about 0.degree. to about 60.degree. with respect to a reference axis aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. The flow discouragers increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Multiscale Simulations for Polymeric Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiscale simulation methods have been developed based on the local stress sampling strategy and applied to three flow problems with different difficulty levels: (a) general flow problems of simple fluids, (b) parallel (one-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids, and (c) general (two- or three-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids. In our multiscale methods, the local stress of each fluid element is calculated directly by performing microscopic or mesoscopic simulations according to the local flow quantities instead of using any constitutive relations. For simple fluids (a), such as the Lenard-Jones liquid, a multiscale method combining MD and CFD simulations is developed based on the local equilibrium assumption without memories of the flow history. (b), the multiscale method is extended to take into account the memory effects that arise in hydrodynamic stress due to the slow relaxation of polymer-chain conformations. The memory of polymer dynamics on each fluid element is thus resolved by performing MD simulations in which cells are fixed at the mesh nodes of the CFD simulations.For general (two- or three-dimensional) flow problems of polymeric liquids (c), it is necessary to trace the history of microscopic information such as polymer-chain conformation, which carries the memories of past flow history, along the streamline of each fluid element. A Lagrangian-based CFD is thus implemented to correctly advect the polymer-chain conformation consistently with the flow. On each fluid element, coarse-grained polymer simulations are carried out to consider the dynamics of entangled polymer chains that show extremely slow relaxation compared to microscopic time scales.

Takahiro Murashima; Takashi Taniguchi; Ryoichi Yamamoto; Shugo Yasuda

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

427

The transition from two phase bubble flow to slug flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process of transition from bubble to slug flow in a vertical pipe has been studied analytically and experimentally. An equation is presented which gives the agglomeration time as a function of void fraction, channel ...

Radovcich, Nick A.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Flow distribution channels to control flow in process channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention describes features that can be used to control flow to an array of microchannels. The invention also describes methods in which a process stream is distributed to plural microchannels.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee; Arora, Ravi; Kilanowski, David

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

429

1100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, VOL. 15, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2004 Temporal Codes and Computations for Sensory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potential implications of temporal codes and computations for new kinds of neural networks are explored and computations that different temporal codes afford, rather than respective information transmission capac- ities1100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, VOL. 15, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2004 Temporal Codes

Cariani, Peter

430

IMPROVED TEMPORAL FILTERING SCHEME TO REDUCE DELAY AND DISTORTION FLUCTUATION IN 3D WAVELET BASED VIDEO CODING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Temporal fil- tering using lifting and motion compensation in the Over- complete Discrete Wavelet Transform. MOTION-COMPENSATED TEMPORAL WAVELET TRANSFORM USING LIFTING In this work, the motion estimation option. A three-dimensional wavelet transform is employed to exploit the temporal redundancy in the video

Kondis, Lisimachos Paul

431

Gas flow characterization of restrictive flow orifice devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A restrictive flow orifice (RFO) can be used to limit the uncontrolled release of system media upon component or line failure in a gas handling system and can thereby enhance the system safety. This report describes a new RFO product available from the Swagelok Companies and specifies the gas flow characteristics of this device. A family of four different sizes of RFO devices is documented.

Shrouf, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Safety Engineering Dept.; Page, S.R. [Albuquerque Valve and Fitting Co., NM (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fluid flow passage bridgepiece for insertion into an open-face fluid flow channel of a fluid flow plate is provided. The bridgepiece provides a sealed passage from a columnar fluid flow manifold to the flow channel, thereby preventing undesirable leakage into and out of the columnar fluid flow manifold. When deployed in the various fluid flow plates that are used in a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, bridgepieces of this invention prevent mixing of reactant gases, leakage of coolant or humidification water, and occlusion of the fluid flow channel by gasket material. The invention also provides a fluid flow plate assembly including an insertable bridgepiece, a fluid flow plate adapted for use with an insertable bridgepiece, and a method of manufacturing a fluid flow plate with an insertable fluid flow passage bridgepiece.

Jones, Daniel O. (Glenville, NV)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Probing spectral-temporal correlations with a versatile integrated source of parametric down-conversion states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectral-temporal correlation and the correlation time of a biphoton wavepacket generated in the process of parametric down-conversion (PDC), is of great importance for a broad range of quantum experiments. We utilise an integrated PDC source to generate biphotons with different types of spectral-temporal correlations and probe their respective correlation times. The outcomes confirms that the correlation time is independent of the coherence time of the pump light, and it is only determined by the waveguide length and its dispersion properties. Furthermore, we investigate the properties of the PDC biphoton wavepacket exhibiting different types of spectral-temporal correlations and their suitability for quantum-enhanced applications.

Vahid Ansari; Benjamin Brecht; Georg Harder; Christine Silberhorn

2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

434

Drainage capture and discharge variations driven by glaciation in the Southern Alps, New Zealand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sediment flux in proglacial fluvial settings is primarily controlled by discharge, which usually varies predictably over a glacial–interglacial cycle. However, glaciers can flow against the topographic gradient to cross drainage divides, reshaping fluvial drainage networks and dramatically altering discharge. In turn, these variations in discharge will be recorded by proglacial stratigraphy. Glacial-drainage capture often occurs in alpine environments where ice caps straddle range divides, and more subtly where shallow drainage divides cross valley floors. We investigate discharge variations resulting from glacial-drainage capture over the past 40 k.y. for the adjacent Ashburton, Rangitata, and Rakaia basins in the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Although glacial-drainage capture has previously been inferred in the range, our numerical glacier model provides the first quantitative demonstration that this process drives larger variations in discharge for a longer duration than those that occur due to climate change alone. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the effective drainage area of the Ashburton catchment increased to 160% of the interglacial value with drainage capture, driving an increase in discharge exceeding that resulting from glacier recession. Glacial-drainage capture is distinct from traditional (base level–driven) drainage capture and is often unrecognized in proglacial deposits, complicating interpretation of the sedimentary record of climate change.

Ann V. Rowan; Mitchell A. Plummer; Simon H. Brocklehurst; Merren A. Jones; David M. Schultz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Variation in DNA content of blood cells of largemouth bass from contaminated and uncontaminated waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) were collected from locations with and without documented histories of pollution in Georgia and South Carolina. Whole blood samples were collected from over 3,000 bass and analyzed by flow cytometry to measure changes in cellular DNA content and cell cycle distribution. The coefficient of variation (CV) of the cell cycle phase G{sub 0}G{sub 1} peak was used as a measure of variation in DNA content within an individual. The mean CV varied significantly among locations, and some locations with known chemical or radioactive contaminants had higher CVs. Plotting the frequency distribution of CV values for each site revealed greater skewness and kurtosis in most locations with known contaminants. In each case, a right skewness indicated higher proportions of bass with unusually high CV in these locations. Aneuploid-like patterns were detected in the DNA histograms of five fish, all from locations with histories of contamination. The percentage of cells distributed among phases of the cell cycle (G{sub 0}/G{sub 1}, S, and G{sub 2}M) varied significantly among locations, but there was no apparent relationship to contaminant distribution. Differences in CV and frequency of aneuploids among sites with and without histories of pollution were generally small, but increased variation in DNA content may be associated with contaminant exposure at some locations.

Lingenfelser, S.F. [Fish and Wildlife Service, White Marsh, VA (United States); Dallas, C.E. [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Dept. of Pharmacology and Toxicology; Jagoe, C.H.; Smith, M.H.; Brisbin, I.L. Jr.; Chesser, R.K. [Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

High speed flow cytometer droplet formation system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A droplet forming flow cytometer system allows high speed processing without the need for high oscillator drive powers through the inclusion of an oscillator or piezoelectric crystal such as within the nozzle volume or otherwise unidirectionally coupled to the sheath fluid. The nozzle container continuously converges so as to amplify unidirectional oscillations which are transmitted as pressure waves through the nozzle volume to the nozzle exit so as to form droplets from the fluid jet. The oscillator is directionally isolated so as to avoid moving the entire nozzle container so as to create only pressure waves within the sheath fluid. A variation in substance concentration is achieved through a movable substance introduction port which is positioned within a convergence zone to vary the relative concentration of substance to sheath fluid while still maintaining optimal laminar flow conditions. This variation may be automatically controlled through a sensor and controller configuration. A replaceable tip design is also provided whereby the ceramic nozzle tip is positioned within an edge insert in the nozzle body so as to smoothly transition from nozzle body to nozzle tip. The nozzle tip is sealed against its outer surface to the nozzle body so it may be removable for cleaning or replacement.

Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Capillary flows in flexible structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions between capillary and elastic effects are relevant to a variety of applications, from micro- and nano-scale manufacturing to biological systems. In this thesis, we investigate capillary flows in extremely ...

Hoberg, Theresa B. (Theresa Blinn)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

2007 Estimated International Energy Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An energy flow chart or 'atlas' for 136 countries has been constructed from data maintained by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and estimates of energy use patterns for the year 2007. Approximately 490 exajoules (460 quadrillion BTU) of primary energy are used in aggregate by these countries each year. While the basic structure of the energy system is consistent from country to country, patterns of resource use and consumption vary. Energy can be visualized as it flows from resources (i.e. coal, petroleum, natural gas) through transformations such as electricity generation to end uses (i.e. residential, commercial, industrial, transportation). These flow patterns are visualized in this atlas of 136 country-level energy flow charts.

Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

439

particle flow for nonlinear filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particle flow for nonlinear filters Fred Daum 19 June 2012 Copyright © 2012 Raytheon Company. All rights reserved. Customer Success Is Our Mission is a trademark of Raytheon Company. 1 #12;discrete time

Dobigeon, Nicolas

440

Fluid Flow Modeling in Fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study fluid flow in fractures using numerical simulation and address the challenging issue of hydraulic property characterization in fractures. The methodology is based on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ...

Sarkar, Sudipta

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Mechanical design of flow batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is to investigate the design of low-cost, high-efficiency flow batteries. Researchers are searching for next-generation battery materials, and this thesis presents a systems analysis encompassing ...

Hopkins, Brandon J. (Brandon James)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Field Flows of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field Flows of Dark Energy Robert N. Cahn, Roland de Putter,July 8, 2008) Scalar ?eld dark energy evolving from a longthe key aspects of the dark energy evolution during much of

Cahn, Robert N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Longitudinal dispersion in vegetated flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vegetation is ubiquitous in rivers, estuaries and wetlands, strongly influencing both water conveyance and mass transport. The plant canopy affects both mean and turbulent flow structure, and thus both advection and ...

Murphy, Enda

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Pipe Flow System Holly Guest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

numbers #12;Pipe Flow System Form #12;Components Form Fitting Loss Coefficient, k Globe valve, fully open 10 Angle valve, fully open 5 Swing check valve, fully open 2.5 Gate valve, fully open .2 Shortradius

Clement, Prabhakar

445

Multiscale modeling in granular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granular materials are common in everyday experience, but have long-resisted a complete theoretical description. Here, we consider the regime of slow, dense granular flow, for which there is no general model, representing ...

Rycroft, Christopher Harley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Subcooled flow boiling of fluorocarbons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study was conducted of heat transfer and hydrodynamic behavior for subcooled flow boiling of Freon-113, one of a group of fluorocarbons suitable for use in cooling of high-power-density electronic components. Problems ...

Murphy, Richard Walter

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Minimum Stream Flow Standards (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations apply to all dams and structures which impound or divert waters on rivers or their tributaries, with some exceptions. The regulations set standards for minimum flow (listed in the...

448

Automation of radiochemical analysis by applying flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of detection systems, including scintillation counting, a-spectrometers, proportional counters, mass spectrometry and spectrophotometry. ª 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Keywords: Flow-analysis technique; Flow

Sánchez, David

449

MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN MULTIPHASE FLOW & HEAT TRANSFER "ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF FRACTAL and multiphase flow & heat transfer will be stressed. This paper will begin by reviewing some important concepts

Lahey, Richard T.

450

Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer, Longer-lasting Batteries Colorado: Isothermal Battery Calorimeter Quantifies Heat Flow, Helps Make Safer,...

451

Equidistribution results for geodesic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the works of Ma\\~n\\'e \\cite{Ma} and Paternain \\cite{Pat} we study the distribution of geodesic arcs with respect to equilibrium states of the geodesic flow on a closed manifold, equipped with a $\\mathcal{C}^{\\infty}$ Riemannian metric. We prove large deviations lower and upper bounds and a contraction principle for the geodesic flow in the space of probability measures of the unit tangent bundle. We deduce a way of approximating equilibrium states for continuous potentials.

Abdelhamid Amroun

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Frictional granular mechanics: A variational approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of a cohesionless granular material are evaluated from grain-scale simulations. Intergranular interactions, including friction and sliding, are modeled by a set of contact rules based on the theories of Hertz, Mindlin, and Deresiewicz. A computer generated, three-dimensional, irregular pack of spherical grains is loaded by incremental displacement of its boundaries. Deformation is described by a sequence of static equilibrium configurations of the pack. A variational approach is employed to find the equilibrium configurations by minimizing the total work against the intergranular loads. Effective elastic moduli are evaluated from the intergranular forces and the deformation of the pack. Good agreement between the computed and measured moduli, achieved with no adjustment of material parameters, establishes the physical soundness of the proposed model.

Holtzman, R.; Silin, D.B.; Patzek, T.W.

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

453

A modified variational approach to scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject: Physics A MODIFIED VARIATIOiNAL APPROACH TO SCATTERING A Thesis by GREGORY ELLIOTT PARNELL Approved as to sty1 e and content by: Chairman o Committee Head of O p Hc, . . o~e Mem er Member December 1978 ABSTRACT A Modified Variational...~i)l'l'&='(ALP@*&~ulV&](2. 13) or &+[0, (+V I&) (&lQSi. l0 l&0 2&&P~)i=-. -. ij &4 &&l&l&06&l&&'&&55&3. I& I"& '&~& I=. -'. It?& = e[5l&&&~ I?" 8l&0&t ~~&1 (2. 14) If we recall that H. $ I (r) = E' f . (r), that H. is hermitian, and that i n(m n nLm 1 the g I (r...

Parnell, Gregory Elliott

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Novel Variational Principle arising from Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing one example of LC circuit in [8], show its Lagrange problem only have other type critical points except for minimum type and maximum type under many circumstances. One novel variational principle is established instead of Pontryagin maximum principle or other extremal principles to be suitable for all types of critical points in nonlinear LC circuits. The generalized Euler-Lagrange equation of new form is derived. The canonical Hamiltonian systems of description are also obtained under the Legendre transformation, instead of the generalized type of Hamiltonian systems. This approach is not only very simple in theory but also convenient in applications and applicable for nonlinear LC circuits with arbitrary topology and other additional integral constraints.

Hanzhong Wu

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Subcritical dynamos in shear flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying generic physical mechanisms responsible for the generation of magnetic fields and turbulence in differentially rotating flows is fundamental to understand the dynamics of astrophysical objects such as accretion disks and stars. In this paper, we discuss the concept of subcritical dynamo action and its hydrodynamic analogue exemplified by the process of nonlinear transition to turbulence in non-rotating wall-bounded shear flows. To illustrate this idea, we describe some recent results on nonlinear hydrodynamic transition to turbulence and nonlinear dynamo action in rotating shear flows pertaining to the problem of turbulent angular momentum transport in accretion disks. We argue that this concept is very generic and should be applicable to many astrophysical problems involving a shear flow and non-axisymmetric instabilities of shear-induced axisymmetric toroidal velocity or magnetic fields, such as Kelvin-Helmholtz, magnetorotational, Tayler or global magnetoshear instabilities. In the light of several recent numerical results, we finally suggest that, similarly to a standard linear instability, subcritical MHD dynamo processes in high-Reynolds number shear flows could act as a large-scale driving mechanism of turbulent flows that would in turn generate an independent small-scale dynamo.

F. Rincon; G. I. Ogilvie; M. R. E. Proctor; C. Cossu

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Pressure and flow characteristics of restrictive flow orifice devices.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Restrictive Flow Orifice (RFO) can be used to enhance the safe design of a pressure system in several ways. Pressure systems frequently incorporate a regulator and relief valve to protect the downstream equipment from accidental overpressure caused by regulator failure. Analysis frequently shows that in cases of high-flow regulator failure, the downstream pressure may rise significantly above the set pressure of the relief valve. This is due to limited flow capacity of the relief valve. A different regulator or relief valve may need to be selected. A more economical solution to this problem is to use an RFO to limit the maximum system flow to acceptable limits within the flow capacity of the relief valve, thereby enhancing the overpressure protection of laboratory equipment. An RFO can also be used to limit the uncontrolled release of system fluid (gas or liquid) upon component or line failure. As an example, potential asphyxiation hazards resultant from the release of large volumes of inert gas from a 'house' nitrogen system can be controlled by the use of an RFO. This report describes a versatile new Sandia-designed RFO available from the Swagelok Company and specifies the gas flow characteristics of this device. Two sizes, 0.010 and 0.020 inch diameter RFOs are available. These sizes will allow enhanced safety for many common applications. This new RFO design are now commercially available and provide advantages over existing RFOs: a high pressure rating (6600 psig); flow through the RFO is equal for either forward or reverse directions; they minimize the potential for leakage by incorporating the highest quality threaded connections; and can enhance the safety of pressure systems.

Shrouf, Roger D.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Spatial and temporal variation of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyls in Crassostrea virginica and sediments from Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

naphthalene 2-methylnaphthalene 1-methylnaphthalene biphenyl 2, 6-dimethylnaphthalene acenaphthene fluorene phenanthrene anthracene 1-methylphenanthrene fluoranthene pryene benz[a]anthracene chrysene benzo[e]pyrene benzo[a]pyrene perylene... trichlorobiphenyls tetrachlorobiphenyls pentachlorobiphenyls hexachlorobiphenyls heptachlorobiphenyls octachlorobiphenyls nonachlorobiphenyls Aromatic Internal Standards Pesticide Internal Standards naphthalene-dg acenaphthene-dlO phenanthrene-dlO chrysene...

Fox, Richard George

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Temporal variation of residential pesticide use and comparison of two survey platforms: a longitudinal study among households with young children in Northern California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005, 113:123–136. Vogt R, Bennett D, Cassady D, Frost J,Health 2012, 11:83. Wu XM, Bennett DH, Ritz B, Cassady DL,48:3109–3119. Moran RE, Bennett DH, Tancredi D, Wu XM, Ritz

Wu, Xiangmei (May); Bennett, Deborah H; Ritz, Beate; Tancredi, Daniel J; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Aquatic Mammals 2014, 40(2), 150-161, DOI 10.1578/AM.40.2.2014.150 Spatial and Temporal Variation in River Otter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

restrictions are appropriately enforced (Tuya et al., 2000; Fanshawe et al., 2003; Greenstreet et al., 2009

Acevedo, Alejandro

460

Spatial and Temporal Variation of Elemental Deposition in Maricopa County T. Zschau1, S. Getty2, C. Gries1, T.H. Nash III1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Copper deposition patterns were indicative of both mining and smelting activities. Secondarily Pb, Sb%, a pattern that reflects the switch to unleaded gasoline. Similarly the closure of the Ajo smelter has Copper 0 50 100 150 200 2 8 9 10 13 25 Sites ppmindrymass 1972 1998 SAMPLING DESIGN ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Hall, Sharon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Bacterial Community Succession During in situ Uranium Bioremediation: Spatial Similarities Along Controlled Flow Paths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bacterial community succession was investigated in a field-scale subsurface reactor formed by a series of wells that received weekly ethanol additions to re-circulating groundwater. Ethanol additions stimulated denitrification, metal reduction, sulfate reduction, and U(VI) reduction to sparingly soluble U(IV). Clone libraries of SSU rRNA gene sequences from groundwater samples enabled tracking of spatial and temporal changes over a 1.5 y period. Analyses showed that the communities changed in a manner consistent with geochemical variations that occurred along temporal and spatial scales. Canonical correspondence analysis revealed that the levels of nitrate, uranium, sulfide, sulfate, and ethanol strongly correlated with particular bacterial populations. As sulfate and U(VI) levels declined, sequences representative of sulfate-reducers and metal-reducers were detected at high levels. Ultimately, sequences associated with sulfate-reducing populations predominated, and sulfate levels declined as U(VI) remained at low levels. When engineering controls were compared to the population variation via canonical ordination, changes could be related to dissolved oxygen control and ethanol addition. The data also indicated that the indigenous populations responded differently to stimulation for bio-reduction; however, the two bio-stimulated communities became more similar after different transitions in an idiosyncratic manner. The strong associations between particular environmental variables and certain populations provide insight into the establishment of practical and successful remediation strategies in radionuclide-contaminated environments with respect to engineering controls and microbial ecology.

Hwang, Chiachi; Wu, Weimin; Gentry, Terry J.; Carley, Jack; Corbin, Gail A.; Carroll, Sue L.; Watson, David B.; Jardine, Phil M.; Zhou, Jizhong; Criddle, Craig S.; Fields, Matthew W.

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

462

Deconvolving the temporal response of photoelectric x-ray detectors for the diagnosis of pulsed radiations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the conjugate gradient method, a simple algorithm is presented for deconvolving the temporal response of photoelectric x-ray detectors (XRDs) to reconstruct the resolved time-dependent x-ray fluxes. With this algorithm, we have studied the impact of temporal response of XRD on the radiation diagnosis of hohlraum heated by a short intense laser pulse. It is found that the limiting temporal response of XRD not only postpones the rising edge and peak position of x-ray pulses but also smoothes the possible fluctuations of radiation fluxes. Without a proper consideration of the temporal response of XRD, the measured radiation flux can be largely misinterpreted for radiation pulses of a hohlraum heated by short or shaped laser pulses.

Zou, Shiyang; Song, Peng; Pei, Wenbing [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China)] [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100094 (China); Guo, Liang [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P.O. Box 919-986, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P.O. Box 919-986, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Structured video content analysis : learning spatio-temporal and multimodal structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video data exhibits a variety of structures: pixels exhibit spatial structure, e.g., the same class of objects share certain shapes and/or colors in image; sequences of frames exhibit temporal structure, e.g., dynamic ...

Song, Yale

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Temporal Motif Mining Approach to Unsupervised Energy Disaggregation: Applications to Residential and Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Temporal Motif Mining Approach to Unsupervised Energy Disaggregation: Applications to Residential consumers with detailed feedback on their energy consumption pat- terns. By contrasting such `drill monitoring has emerged as an attractive approach to study energy consumption patterns without instrumenting

Ramakrishnan, Naren

465

Temporal Dependency based Checkpoint Selection for Dynamic Verification of Fixed-time Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.4 [Software Engineering]: Software/Program Verification. General Term Algorithms, Design, Reliability, Theory strategy, the corresponding unnecessary verification can be avoided. The comparison and experimental simulation further demonstrate that our new strategy can improve the efficiency of overall temporal

Yang, Yun

466

SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUALITY POOLING ACCOUNTING FOR TRANSIENT SEVERE IMPAIRMENTS AND EGOMOTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the perceptual quality of video sequence. An important hypoth- esis in the field of VQA is that local spatial or temporal pooling. This work was supported by Agency for Defense Development under the contract UD100022ID

Bovik, Alan

467

Nanoparticle coatings for spatial and temporal control of cancer imaging and therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nature has evolved elegant strategies to temporally and spatially control protein activity, including the synthesis of subunits that require assembly for function, the incorporation of pro-domains that require cleavage for ...

Harris, Todd J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Examination of temporal DDT trends in Lake Erie fish communities using dynamic linear modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examination of temporal DDT trends in Lake Erie fish communities using dynamic linear modeling 25 July 2013 Communicated by Dr. Erik Christensen Keywords: DDT Bayesian inference Dynamic linear (DDT) was initially heralded for its effectiveness against malaria and agricultural pests

Arhonditsis, George B.

469

NONLINEAR TEMPORAL MODELING FOR MOTION-BASED VIDEO OVERVIEWING Eric Bruno and Stephane Marchand-Maillet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NONLINEAR TEMPORAL MODELING FOR MOTION-BASED VIDEO OVERVIEWING Eric Bruno and St´ephane Marchand, Switzerland email: bruno, marchand@cui.unige.ch ABSTRACT This paper presents a method for video collection

Genève, Université de

470

Towards a temporal network analysis of interactive WiFi users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex networks are used to depict topological features of complex systems. The structure of a network characterizes the interactions among elements of the system, and facilitates the study of many dynamical processes taking place on it. In previous investigations, the topological infrastructure underlying dynamical systems is simplified as a static and invariable skeleton. However, this assumption cannot cover the temporal features of many time-evolution networks, whose components are evolving and mutating. In this letter, utilizing the log data of WiFi users in a Chinese university campus, we infuse the temporal dimension into the construction of dynamical human contact network. By quantitative comparison with the traditional aggregation approach, we find that the temporal contact network differs in many features, e.g., the reachability, the path length distribution. We conclude that the correlation between temporal path length and duration is not only determined by their definitions, but also influenced b...

Zhang, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Qing; Li, Xiang; 10.1209/0295-5075/98/68002

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

An expert system for temporal planning with an application to runway configuration management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes an expert system to aid in the management of operations in complex qualitative domains characterized by multiple parallel activities with time-critical relationships. An extension to "standard" temporal ...

Hazelton, Lyman R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Keeping Time in Mind: Working Memory and Temporal Perception in the Context of Musicianship   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal perception is an illusive process known to recruit a variety of sensory motor and higher cognitive faculties, including auditory working memory. The present study was intended as an exploration of the relationship ...

Noordanus, Nathanael W.

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

473

Geospatial and Temporal Semantic Analytics Matthew Perry, Amit Sheth, Ismailcem Budak Arpinar, Farshad Hakimpour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Geospatial and Temporal Semantic Analytics Matthew Perry, Amit Sheth, Ismailcem Budak Arpinar thematic knowledge of entities and their relationships with geospatial knowledge for purposes of semantic analysis and discovery. Next generation geoinformatics applications that can successfully combine knowledge

Arpinar, I. Budak

474

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrary spatio-temporal tactile Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Kernel-Based Spectral Model for Non-Gaussian Spatio-Temporal Processes Christopher K. Wikle... Building, Columbia, MO 65211; wikle@stat.missouri.edu 1 12;Abstract...

475

Revealing latent factors of temporal networks for mesoscale intervention in epidemic spread  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The customary perspective to reason about epidemic mitigation in temporal networks hinges on the identification of nodes with specific features or network roles. The ensuing individual-based control strategies, however, are difficult to carry out in practice and ignore important correlations between topological and temporal patterns. Here we adopt a mesoscopic perspective and present a principled framework to identify collective features at multiple scales and rank their importance for epidemic spread. We use tensor decomposition techniques to build an additive representation of a temporal network in terms of mesostructures, such as cohesive clusters and temporally-localized mixing patterns. This representation allows to determine the impact of individual mesostructures on epidemic spread and to assess the effect of targeted interventions that remove chosen structures. We illustrate this approach using high-resolution social network data on face-to-face interactions in a school and show that our method afford...

Gauvin, Laetitia; Barrat, Alain; Cattuto, Ciro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Using temporal averaging to decouple annual and nonannual information in AVHRR NDVI time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As regularly spaced time series imagery becomes more prevalent in the remote sensing community, monitoring these data for temporal consistency will become an increasingly important problem. Long-term trends must be identified, and it must...

Kastens, Jude Heathcliff; Lerner, David E.; Jakubauskas, Mark E.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Adapting Component-based Systems at Runtime via Policies with Temporal Patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adapting Component-based Systems at Runtime via Policies with Temporal Patterns Olga Kouchnarenko1 Aspect of Component Software - FACS 2013, Nanchang : Chine (2013)" #12;2 O. Kouchnarenko, J-F. Weber

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Turbo ASL: Arterial Spin Labeling With Higher SNR and Temporal Resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbo ASL: Arterial Spin Labeling With Higher SNR and Temporal Resolution Eric C. Wong,* Wen the ASL SNR per image. We refer to this modified technique as turbo ASL. THEORY In pulsed ASL techniques

Sereno, Martin

479

Dynamic Procurement Subject to Temporal and Capacity Constraints and Norman Sadeh2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Procurement Subject to Temporal and Capacity Constraints Jiong Sun1 and Norman Sadeh2 1 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA Email: 1 jiongs@andrew.cmu.edu, 2 sadeh@cs.cmu.edu Abstract

Sadeh, Norman M.

480

Author's personal copy Thorium-234 as a tracer of spatial, temporal and vertical variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Thorium-234 as a tracer of spatial, temporal and vertical variability 2009 Accepted 6 April 2009 Available online 16 April 2009 Keywords: Thorium-234 Particle flux Sediment

Buesseler, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "temporal flow variations" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

Moore, John

482

Thank Goodness that Argument is Over: Explaining the Temporal Value Asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to personal, social and political decisions (e.g., drug addiction, global warming). The literature is also develop a theory of the nature and causes of the temporal value asymmetry. After de- scribing what little

Callender, Craig

483

Adaptive Temporal Tone Mapping Shaun David Ramsey, J. Thomas Johnson III, Charles Hansen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Abstract Monitor intensity ranges are much lower than the rangeAdaptive Temporal Tone Mapping Shaun David Ramsey, J. Thomas Johnson III, Charles Hansen

Utah, University of

484

Analyzing spatial-temporal patterns of motor vehicle crashes using GIS: a case study in Dallas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper uses GIS to analyze the characteristics of temporal and spatial distributions of motor vehicle crashes. These characteristics include that traffic accidents are most likely to occur in the afternoon "rush hour" (4:00 - 6:00PM...

Lu, Bing

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Generating spatially and temporally controllable long-range concentration gradients in a microfluidic device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concentration gradients have important applications in chemical and biological studies. Here we have achieved rapid generation of spatially and temporally controllable concentration gradients of diffusible molecules (i.e. ...

Vidula, Mahesh K.

486

The petrous portion of the human temporal bone: potential for forensic individuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are threefold: (1) To investigate variability in the shape of the petrous portion of the human temporal bone using two-dimensional morphometric analysis; (2) to evaluate the reliability of the resultant method in forensic identification; and (3) to consider...

Wiersema, Jason Matthew

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

487

Development and verification of a numerical simulator to calculate the bottom hole flowing pressures in multiphase systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Middle East, but there were some wells located in offshore Louisiana. There was a wide range Of variation in the variables for each well, some of these were: flow rates, gas/oil ratios, total depths, tubing sizes, fluid Compositions, and water cuts...

Rasool, Syed Ahmed

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Variation and correlation of hydrologic properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrological properties vary within a given geological formation and even more so among different soil and rock media. The variance of the saturated permeability is shown to be related to the variance of the pore-size distribution index of a given medium by a simple equation. This relationship is deduced by comparison of the data from Yucca Mountain, Nevada (Peters et al., 1984), Las Cruces, New Mexico (Wierenga et al., 1989), and Apache Leap, Arizona (Rasmussen et al., 1990). These and other studies in different soils and rocks also support the Poiseuille-Carmen relationship between the mean value of saturated permeability and the mean value of capillary radius. Correlations of the mean values and variances between permeability and pore-geometry parameters can lead us to better quantification of heterogeneous flow fields and better understanding of the scaling laws of hydrological properties.

Wang, J.S.Y. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

Studies of Shear Band Velocity Using Spatially and Temporally Resolved Measurements of Strain During Quasistatic Compression of Bulk Metallic Glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have made measurements of the temporal and spatial features of the evolution of strain during the serrated flow of Pd{sub 40}Ni{sub 40}P{sub 20} bulk metallic glass tested under quasistatic, room temperature, uniaxial compression. Strain and load data were acquired at rates of up to 400 kHz using strain gages affixed to all four sides of the specimen and a piezoelectric load cell located near the specimen. Calculation of the displacement rate requires an assumption about the nature of the shear displacement. If one assumes that the entire shear plane displaces simultaneously, the displacement rate is approximately 0.002 m/s. If instead one assumes that the displacement occurs as a localized propagating front, the velocity of the front is approximately 2.8 m/s. In either case, the velocity is orders of magnitude less than the shear wave speed ({approx}2000 m/s). The significance of these measurements for estimates of heating in shear bands is discussed.

Wright, W J; Samale, M; Hufnagel, T; LeBlanc, M; Florando, J

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Stochastic models for turbulent reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program is to develop and apply stochastic models of various processes occurring within turbulent reacting flows in order to identify the fundamental mechanisms governing these flows, to support experimental studies of these flows, and to further the development of comprehensive turbulent reacting flow models.

Kerstein, A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow Duration Curve Load Duration Curve 1. Develop Flow Duration Curve 2. Estimate load given flow and concentration data--select appropriate conversion factors 3. Develop Load Duration Curve 4. Plot observed data with Load Duration Curve What are they? How do you make one? Describes the percent of time a flow rate

493

SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Enerag Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;SHORT-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW Y. C. Mei Enerag Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge-tube subcritical flow. For short tubes used as refrigerant expansion devices, the orifice model is found inadequate-TUBE SUBCRITICAL FLOW INTRODUCTION Much theoretical and experimental work regarding short tube fluid flow has

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

494

A microfluidic flow-cell for the study of the ultrafast dynamics of biological systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of biochemical dynamics by ultrafast spectroscopic methods is often restricted by the limited amount of liquid sample available, while the high repetition rate of light sources can induce photodamage. In order to overcome these limitations, we designed a high flux, sub-ml, capillary flow-cell. While the 0.1 mm thin window of the 0.5 mm cross-section capillary ensures an optimal temporal resolution and a steady beam deviation, the cell-pump generates flows up to ?0.35 ml/s that are suitable to pump laser repetition rates up to ?14 kHz, assuming a focal spot-diameter of 100 ?m. In addition, a decantation chamber efficiently removes bubbles and allows, via septum, for the addition of chemicals while preserving the closed atmosphere. The minimal useable amount of sample is ?250 ?l.

Chauvet, Adrien, E-mail: adrien.chauvet@epfl.ch; Chergui, Majed [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Laboratoire de Spectroscopie Ultrarapide, ISIC, Faculté des Sciences de Base, Station 6, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Tibiletti, Tania; Caffarri, Stefano [Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, CEA, UMR 7265 Biologie Végétale et Microbiologie Environnementales, 13009 Marseille (France)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Simulations for Complex Fluid Flow Problems from Berkeley Lab's Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE) develops and applies advanced computational methodologies to solve large-scale scientific and engineering problems arising in the Department of Energy (DOE) mission areas involving energy, environmental, and industrial technology. The primary focus is in the application of structured-grid finite difference methods on adaptive grid hierarchies for compressible, incompressible, and low Mach number flows. The diverse range of scientific applications that drive the research typically involve a large range of spatial and temporal scales (e.g. turbulent reacting flows) and require the use of extremely large computing hardware, such as the 153,000-core computer, Hopper, at NERSC. The CCSE approach to these problems centers on the development and application of advanced algorithms that exploit known separations in scale; for many of the application areas this results in algorithms are several orders of magnitude more efficient than traditional simulation approaches.

496

Mach flow angularity probes for scramjet engine flow path diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mach-flow angularity (MFA) probes were developed for use in scramjet flow path probe rakes. Prototype probes were fabricated to demonstrate the assembly processes (numerical control machining, furnace brazing, and electron beam welding). Tests of prototype probes confirmed the thermal durability margins and life cycle. Selected probes were calibrated in air at Mach numbers from 1.75 to 6.0. Acceptance criteria for the production probes stressed thermal durability and pressure (and, consequently, Mach number) measurement quality. This new water-cooled MFA probe has 0.397-cm shaft diameter and is capable of withstanding heat fluxes of 2.724 kW/sq cm.

Jalbert, P.A.; Hiers, R.S. Jr. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold AFS, TN (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

P wave velocity variations in the Coso region, California, derived...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: P wave velocity variations in the Coso region, California, derived from local earthquake...

498

arrestin fold variations: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Variational theory for site resolved protein folding free energy surfaces Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: We present a microscopic...

499

avian predation variation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Alexander V. Badyaev Avian life history variation along altitudinal gradients Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Alexander V. Badyaev Avian life history...

500

The Non-Homologous Nature of Solar Diameter Variations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show in this paper that the changes of the solar diameter in response to variations of large scale magnetic fields and turbulence are not homologous. For the best current model, the variation at the photospheric level is over 1000 times larger than the variation at a depth of 5 Mm, which is about the level at which f-mode solar oscillations determine diameter variations. This model is supported by observations that indicate larger diameter changes for high degree f-modes than for low degree f-modes, since energy of the former are concentrated at shallower layers than the latter.

Sabatino Sofia; Sarbani Basu; Pierre Demarque; Linghuai Li; Gerard Thuillier

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z