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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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1

Energy losses in switches  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors experiments show energy losses between 2 and 10 times that of the resistive time predictions. The experiments used hydrogen, helium, air, nitrogen, SF{sub 6} polyethylene, and water for the switching dielectric. Previously underestimated switch losses have caused over predicting the accelerator outputs. Accurate estimation of these losses is now necessary for new high-efficiency pulsed power devices where the switching losses constitute the major portion of the total energy loss. They found that the switch energy losses scale as (V{sub peak}I{sub peak}){sup 1.1846}. When using this scaling, the energy losses in any of the tested dielectrics are almost the same. This relationship is valid for several orders of magnitude and suggested a theoretical basis for these results. Currents up to .65 MA, with voltages to 3 MV were applied to various gaps during these experiments. The authors data and the developed theory indicates that the switch power loss continues for a much longer time than the resistive time, with peak power loss generally occurring at peak current in a ranging discharge instead of the early current time. All of the experiments were circuit code modeled after developing a new switch loss version based on the theory. The circuit code predicts switch energy loss and peak currents as a function of time. During analysis of the data they noticed slight constant offsets between the theory and data that depended on the dielectric. They modified the plasma conductivity for each tested dielectric to lessen this offset.

Martin, T.H.; Seamen, J.F.; Jobe, D.O.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Energy Loss by Breaking waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of the frequency of wind wave breaking in deep water are combined with laboratory estimates of the rate of energy loss a from single breaking wave to infer the net rate of energy transfer to the mixed layer from breaking waves, as a ...

S. A. Thorpe

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Sound energy loss during sonolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives an analysis of sound energy losses due to sonolysis — dissociation of the part of water molecules to radicals H? and ?OH. The value of the energy loss can be evaluated by using the concentration of hydrogen peroxide which appears in the water as a result of cross?recombination of radicals ?OH+?OH=H2O2. Data previously obtained by different authors were used for the present analysis. Data for fresh water and also for water with dissolved gases were considered. Data covered a sound frequency range from 1.5 kHz to 2 MHz and sound pressure amplitudes 0.6–2.5 atm for normal static pressure and a water temperature of 20?°C. It is shown that the rate of increasing hydrogen peroxide concentration is proportional to the intensity of sound. The rate is also propor? tional to the concentration of dissolved oxygen and argon in water while other gases (hydrogen

Dmitry A. Selivanovsky; Grigory A. Domrachev

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Transmission electron microcopy (TEM) has been used since the 1950s to obtain very high resolution images of microstructures. As TEMs were enhanced to include features such as digitally scanned point beams and energy dispersive x-ray detectors

5

Gas Water Heater Energy Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

non-firing, non- recovery mode, i.e. , during standby mode.The stack losses while in standby mode account for about 43%can be made by reducing standby heat losses. This paper

Biermayer, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts Minimizing Energy Losses in Ducts June 24, 2012 - 5:45pm Addthis Placing ductwork in conditioned space can help reduce energy losses. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/SimplyCreativePhotography Placing ductwork in conditioned space can help reduce energy losses. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/SimplyCreativePhotography In new home construction or in retrofits, proper duct system design is critical. In recent years, energy-saving designs have sought to include ducts and heating systems in the conditioned space. Many existing duct systems lose a lot of energy from leakage and poor insulation, but you can reduce that loss by sealing and insulating your ducts. Existing ducts may also be blocked or may require simple upgrades.

7

BNL TEM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

structure and defects that determine the utility of functional materials, such as superconductors, multiferroics, and other energy related systems including thermoelectrics,...

8

The Energy Harvesting Multiple Access Channel with Energy Storage Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Harvesting Multiple Access Channel with Energy Storage Losses Kaya Tutuncuoglu and Aylin considers a Gaussian multiple access channel with two energy harvesting transmitters with lossy energy storage. The power allocation policy maximizing the average weighted sum rate given the energy harvesting

Yener, Aylin

9

Application of In situ ec-S/TEM for Energy Storage Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research supported by the DOE FIRST Energy Frontier Research Center, DOE EERE Office of Vehicle Technology Program, and ORNL's ShaRE scientific user  ...

10

Electron energy loss spectroscopy of disilane  

SciTech Connect

Electron energy loss spectra of disilane have been recorded over an excitation energy range of 20 eV employing electrons of 20 and 200 eV incident energy for scattering angles of 0/sup 0/--90/sup 0/. Every transition detected except one appears at an energy consistent with the first observed members of Rydberg series converging to one of four possible ion states. The first two observed transitions belong to (2a/sub 1//sub g/)/sup 2/..-->../sup 1//sup ,//sup 3/(2a/sub 1//sub g/,4s) dipole forbidden channels appearing at excitation energies of )similarreverse arrowto)6.3 and 7.05 eV for the triplet and singlet, respectively. Evidence is presented for the identification of additional forbidden transitions as well as possible low-lying valence transition

Dillon, M.A.; Spence, D.; Boesten, L.; Tanaka, H.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

In-situ TEM Characterization of Electrochemical Processess in Energy Storage Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accelerated development of materials for utilization in electrical energy storage systems will hinge critically upon our understanding of how interfaces (particularly electrode-electrolyte solid liquid interfaces) control the physical and electrochemical energy conversion processes in energy storage systems. A prime example is found in Lt ion-based battery systems, where a passive multiphase layer grows at the electrode/electrolyte interface due to the decomposition of the liquid electrolyte [ l]. Once formed, this solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) protects the active electrode materials from degradation and also regulates the transport and intercalation of Lt ions during battery charge/discharge cycling [2]. Due to the dynamically evolving nature of this nm-scaled interface, it has proven difficult to design experiments that will not only elucidate the fundamental mechanisms controlling SEI nucleation and growth, but will enable the SEI microstructural and chemical evolution as a function of charge/discharge cycling to be monitored in real time.

Unocic, Raymond R [ORNL; Adamczyk, Leslie A [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Alsem, D. H. [Hummingbird Scientific; Salmon, Norman [Hummingbird Scientific; More, Karren Leslie [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Energy harvesting: A battle against power losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is it possible, are indefinite operational life and wireless power grids possible? Maybe not for every application, but how about for micro-scale devices? The fact is in situ energy sources like MEMS vibrational and thermoelectric generators can potentially achieve these goals for small footprint systemin-package (SiP) solutions like bio-implantable devices and wireless sensor transceiver network nodes. The key objective is to scavenge sufficient energy from the environment to sustain the micro-power system indefinitely, or at least extend life to practical levels. The problem, however, is micro-scale harvesters can only generate low-to-moderate power, and the energy-storage and power-delivery processes of the system inherently consume a portion of that, which is why the various functions of a loading application must be power-moded, that is, multiplexed, duty-cycled, and turned off when not needed. Fortunately, low frequency ambient vibrations are relatively abundant, stable, and predictable, and tuned MEMS- and CMOS-compatible electrostatic harvesters, for instance, can generate moderate power levels [1], but only if they prevail over the power losses associated with energy storage and power delivery. The focus of this article is to therefore identify, quantify, and discuss the power-consuming mechanisms present in a harvester circuit. Harvesting energy

A. Rinc; Oacute N-mora; Senior Member; Erick O. Torres; Student Member; Ieee Georgia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production For Geothermal Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

14

A Study of Conversion Reactions Using Electron Energy Loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, conversion mechanism in NiO was studied using high resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS).

15

Definition: Reduced Electricity Losses | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Losses Losses Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Electricity Losses Functions that provide this benefit could help manage peak feeder loads, reduced electricity throughput, locate electricity production closer to the load and ensure that voltages remain within service tolerances, while minimizing the amount of reactive power provided. These actions can reduce electricity losses by making the system more efficient for a given load served or by actually reducing the overall load on the system.[1] Related Terms load, electricity generation, reactive power, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reduced_Electricity_Losses&oldid=502644

16

An electron energy loss spectrometer designed for studies of electronic energy losses and spin waves in the large momentum regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on 143 deg. electrostatic deflectors we have realized a new spectrometer for electron energy loss spectroscopy which is particularly suitable for studies on surface spin waves and other low energy electronic energy losses. Contrary to previous designs high resolution is maintained even for diffuse inelastic scattering due to a specific management of the angular aberrations in combination with an angle aperture. The performance of the instrument is demonstrated with high resolution energy loss spectra of surface spin waves on a cobalt film deposited on the Cu(100) surface.

Ibach, H. [Peter Gruenberg Institut PGI-3, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Juelich Aachen Research Alliance - Fundamentals of Future Information Technologies (JARA-FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany); Rajeswari, J.; Schneider, C. M. [Peter Gruenberg Institut PGI-6, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Juelich Aachen Research Alliance - Fundamentals of Future Information Technologies (JARA-FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Energy-loss rate of a fast particle in graphene  

SciTech Connect

The energy-loss rate of a fast particle in graphene is studied. The energy-loss rate always increases with increasing incident particle energy, which is quite unusual when compared to electron gas in normal metal. Graphene exhibits a ''discriminating'' behavior where there exists a low energy cut-off below which the scattering process is strictly forbidden, leading to lossless traverse of an external particle in graphene. This low energy cutoff is of the order of nearest neighbor hopping bandwidth. Our results suggest that backscattering is also absent in the external particle scattering of graphene.

Ang, Yee Sin; Zhang, C. [School of Engineering Physics, University of Wollongong, 2522 NSW (Australia); Kee, Chun Yun [Department of Mathematics, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260 (Singapore)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Partition of energy Loss from the Barotropic Tide in Fjords  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the barotropic tide propagates into and out of a fjord, it loses energy to friction, internal tides and high-frequency internal waves. Estimates of these losses for three British Columbia fjords, using current meter data, indicate that ...

B. De Young; S. Pond

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy Loss in Nuclear Drell-Yan Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of the nuclear parton distributions which can be used to provide a good explanation for the EMC effect in the whole x range, we investigate the energy loss effect in nuclear Drell-Yan process. When the cross section of lepton pair production is considered varying with the center-of-mass energy of the nucleon-nucleon collision, we find that the nuclear Drell-Yan(DY) ratio is suppressed due to the energy loss, which balances the overestimate of the DY ratio only in consideration of the effect of nuclear parton distributions.

Jian-Jun Yang; Guang-Lie Li

1998-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

20

Classical strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma. VII. Energy loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use linear response analysis and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem to derive the energy loss of a heavy quark in the SU(2) classical Coulomb plasma in terms of the l=1 monopole and nonstatic structure factor. The result is valid for all Coulomb couplings {Gamma}=V/K, the ratio of the mean potential to kinetic energy. We use the Liouville equation in the collisionless limit to assess the SU(2) nonstatic structure factor. We find the energy loss to be strongly dependent on {Gamma}. In the liquid phase with {Gamma}{approx_equal}4, the energy loss is mostly metallic and soundless with neither a Cerenkov nor a Mach cone. Our analytical results compare favorably with the SU(2) molecular dynamics simulations at large momentum and for heavy quark masses.

Cho, Sungtae; Zahed, Ismail [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy-Efficiency Options for Insurance Loss Prevention  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficiency improvements offer the insurance industry two areas of opportunity: reducing ordinary claims and avoiding greenhouse gas emissions that could precipitate natural disaster losses resulting from global climate change. We present three vehicles for taking advantage of this opportunity, including research and development, in- house energy management, and provision of key information to insurance customers and risk managers. The complementary role for renewable energy systems is also introduced.

Mills, E. [Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Div.; Knoepfel, I. [Swiss Reinsurance Co., Zurich (Switzerland)

1997-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

22

Acceleration and energy loss in N = 4 SYM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This contribution is based on two talks given at the XIII Mexican School of Particles and Fields. We revisit some of the results presented in [19], concerning the rate of energy loss of an accelerating quark in strongly-coupled N = 4 super-Yang-Mills.

Chernicoff, Mariano; Gueijosa, Alberto [Departamento de Fisica de Altas Energias, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

23

Energy Loss at Propagating Jamming Fronts in Granular Gas Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the initial moments of impact between two dense granular clusters in a two-dimensional geometry. The particles are composed of solid CO$_{2}$ and are levitated on a hot surface. Upon collision, the propagation of a dynamic "jamming front" produces a distinct regime for energy dissipation in a granular gas in which the translational kinetic energy decreases by over 90%. Experiments and associated simulations show that the initial loss of kinetic energy obeys a power law in time, $\\Delta E=-Kt^{3/2}$, a form that can be predicted from kinetic arguments.

Justin C. Burton; Peter Y. Lu; Sidney R. Nagel

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

24

Energy loss in high energy heavy ion collisions from the Hydro+Jet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of energy loss of jets in high energy heavy ion collisions by using a full three-dimensional space-time evolution of a fluid combined with (mini-)jets that are explicitly evolved in space-time. In order to fit the pi^0 data for the Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN}) = 130 GeV, the space-time averaged energy loss dE/dx(tau energy loss occurs at the very early time less than 2 fm/c in the QGP phase and that energy loss in the mixed phase is negligible within our parameterization for jet energy loss. This is a consequence of strong expansion of the system.

Hirano, T; Hirano, Tetsufumi; Nara, Yasushi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Acceleration and Energy Loss in N=4 SYM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a brief overview of the results obtained in arXiv:0803.3070, concerning the rate of energy loss of an accelerating quark in strongly-coupled N=4 super-Yang-Mills, both at zero and finite temperature. For phenomenological purposes, our main result is that, when a quark is created within the plasma together with its corresponding antiquark, the quark starts feeling the plasma only after the q-\\bar{q} separation becomes larger than the (v-dependent) screening length, and from this point on the motion is correctly described by the analytic energy loss formula previously derived by Herzog et al. and Gubser within the stationary or late-time approximations. The present text is a slightly expanded version of two talks given at the XIII Mexican School of Particles and Fields in October 2008.

Mariano Chernicoff; Alberto Guijosa

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

26

Extracting physically interpretable data from electron energy-loss spectra.  

SciTech Connect

Principal component analysis is routinely applied to analyze data sets in electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). We show how physically meaningful spectra can be obtained from the principal components using a knowledge of the scattering of the probe electron and the geometry of the experiment. This approach is illustrated by application to EELS data for the carbon K edge in graphite obtained using a conventional transmission electron microscope. The effect of scattering of the probe electron is accounted for, yielding spectra which are equivalent to experiments using linearly polarized X-rays. The approach is general and can also be applied to EELS in the context of scanning transmission electron microscopy.

Witte, C.; Zaluzec, N. J.; Allen, L. J.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Melbourn

2010-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

Theoretical developments in heavy and light flavor energy loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent developments in the many-body perturbative QCD theory of inelastic parton interactions in dense nuclear matter and the phenomenology of strongly-interacting hard probes in heavy ion collisions are reviewed. We highlight the progress that has been made toward consistent comparison between radiative and collisional energy loss, the exploration of novel heavy flavor suppression mechanisms in the quark-gluon plasma, and the determination of the stopping power of cold nuclear matter. Future directions and opportunities for jet physics in nuclear collisions, enabled by the unprecedentedly high center of mass energies at the LHC, are also discussed. We propose that the physics of jet shapes and a generalizations of the well-understood inclusive particle suppression in the QGP will provide a new differential, and accurate test of the underlying QCD theory and a new precision tool for jet tomography at the LHC.

Ivan Vitev

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Plant View On Reducing Steam Trap Energy Loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy will continue to be an ever increasingly important factor in the cost of doing business in the decade of the 80' s. In many petrochemical industries, energy is the second most costly item in producing a product. About 36% of our nation's total energy consumption is used by industry in producing the goods which are consumed around the world. Steam is the most commonly used energy source for the petrochemical industry. Most of this steam is used for heating and evaporating the many petrochemical liquids. This steam is then condensed and is removed from the system at the same rate as it is being formed or the loss of heat transfer will result. From a cost standpoint only condensate should be allowed through the trap. But at many plants half of the steam traps are passing excess steam. This is caused by neglect of aged steam traps which have worn out and misapplication of steam traps by oversizing or using the 'wrong' type trap. Elimination of steam wastes by an effective well engineered steam trap program is what is covered by this article.

Vallery, S. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Energy Loss Effect in High Energy Nuclear Drell-Yan Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy loss effect in nuclear matter, which is another nuclear effect apart from the nuclear effect on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering process, can be measured best by the nuclear dependence of the high energy nuclear Drell-Yan process. By means of the nuclear parton distribution studied only with lepton deep inelastic scattering experimental data, measured Drell-Yan production cross sections for 800GeV proton incident on a variety of nuclear targets are analyzed within Glauber framework which takes into account energy loss of the beam proton. It is shown that the theoretical results with considering the energy loss effect are in good agreement with the FNAL E866.

Chun-Gui Duan; Li-Hua Song; Li-Juan Huo; Guang-Lie Li

2004-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy Loss Effect in High Energy nuclear Drell-Yan Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy loss effect in nuclear matter,which is another nuclear effect apart from the nuclear effect on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering process,can be measured best by the nuclear dependence of the high energy nuclear Drell-Yan process. By means of the nuclear parton distribution studied only with lepton deep inelastic scattering experimental data, measured Drell-Yan production cross sections for 800GeV proton incident on a variety of nuclear targets are analyzed within Glauber framework which takes into account energy loss of the beam proton. It is shown that the theoretical results with considering the energy loss effect are in good agreement with the FNAL E866.

Chungui Duan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

In-situ TEM and Materials Testing Environmental Interactions and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of Cr was analysed by means of scanning TEM/energy dispersive ... has established a network of distributed partnerships with multiple university, ...

32

Study of high energy ion loss during hydrogen minority heating in TFTR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High energy ion loss during hydrogen minority ICRF heating is measured and compared with the loss of the D-D fusion products. During H minority heating a relatively large loss of high energy ions is observed at 45{degrees} below the outer midplane, with or without simultaneous NBI heating. This increase is most likely due to a loss of the minority tail protons, a possible model for this process is described.

Park, J.; Zweben, S.J.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Magnetic and electric contributions to the energy loss in a dynamical QCD medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The computation of radiative energy loss in a finite size QCD medium with dynamical constituents is a key ingredient for obtaining reliable predictions for jet quenching in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. It was previously shown that energy loss in dynamical QCD medium is significantly higher compared to static QCD medium. To understand this difference, we here analyze magnetic and electric contributions to energy loss in dynamical QCD medium. We find that the significantly higher energy loss in the dynamical case is entirely due to appearance of magnetic contribution in the dynamical medium. While for asymptotically high energies, the energy loss in static and dynamical medium approach the same value, we find that the physical origin of the energy loss in these two cases is different.

Magdalena Djordjevic

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

A strategy for the management of energy losses in a local electricity distribution network.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation contains a strategy to minimize the non-technical electrical energy losses in an electrical distribution network. In order to develop the strategy, a model… (more)

Fourie, Johannes Wilhelmus

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Vision Loss: Visual Impairment and Vision Impairment Visual impairment or vision impairment is vision loss that constitutes a significant limitation of visual capability resulting from disease, trauma, or a congenital or degenerative condition that cannot be corrected by conventional means, including refractive correction, medication, or surgery. Low Vision Anyone with non-correctable reduced vision is considered to be visually impaired, and can have a wide range of causes. Blindness Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. Hearing Impairment Hearing impairment is a full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. Losing the ability to detect some frequencies, or

36

Nature of the beam-density effect on energy loss by nonrelativistic charged-particle beams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors present a new formulation of the beam-density effect on energy loss by charged particles passing through matter, which exhibits an increased loss with a beam-shape dependence. This arises from a long-range dipolelike term contained in the two-particle vicinage function for cooperative energy loss by a pair of nonrelativistic particles. A new analytic expression for the vicinage function, which exhibits the long-range term, is also presented.

Rule, D.W.; Crawford, O.H.

1984-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

Power quality and electrical energy losses as a key drivers for smart grid platformdevelopment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents how the problems of power quality and electrical energy losses in distribution systems led to the development of an interoperable smart grid platform being implemented in several electrical utilities in Serbia through various pilot ... Keywords: ICT, MV/LV substation automation, electrical energy losses, power quality, smart grids

Zoran P. Staji?; Aleksandar Janji?; Zoran Simendi?

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Energy Loss of a Heavy Particle near 3D Charged Rotating Hairy Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider charged rotating black hole in 3 dimensions with an scalar charge and discuss about energy loss of heavy particle moving near the black hole horizon. We also study quasi-normal modes and find dispersion relations. We find that the effect of scalar charge and electric charge is increasing energy loss.

Jalil Naji

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

39

Observations of discrete energy loss effects in spectra of positrons reflected from solid surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surfaces of tungsten and silicon have been bombarded with monoenergetic beams of positrons and electrons. Spectra of reflected particles show energy loss tails with discrete peaks at kinetic energies about 15 eV lower than that of the elastic peaks. In the higher energy loss range for tungsten, positron spectra show fine structure that is not apparent in the electron spectra. This suggests that the positrons are losing energy through mechanisms different from that of the electrons.

Dale, J.M.; Hulett, L.D.; Pendyala, S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Nuclear parton distribution functions and energy loss effect in the Drell-Yan reaction off nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy loss effect in nuclear matter is another nuclear effect apart from the nuclear effects on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering process. The quark energy loss can be measured best by the nuclear dependence of the high energy nuclear Drell-Yan process. By means of two typical kinds of quark energy loss parametrization and the different sets of nuclear parton distribution functions, we present a analysis of the E866 experiments on the nuclear dependence of Drell-Yan lepton pair production resulting from the bombardment of Be, Fe and W targets by 800GeV protons at Fermilab. It is found that the quark energy loss in cold nuclei is strongly dependent on the used nuclear parton distribution functions. The further prospects of using relatively low energy proton incident on nuclear targets are presented by combining the quark energy loss rate determined from a fit to the E866 nuclear-dependent ratios versus $x_1$, with the nuclear parton distribution functions given from lA deep inelastic scattering (DIS) data. The experimental study of the relatively low energy nuclear Drell-Yan process can give valuable insight in the enengy loss of fast quark propagating a cold nuclei and help to pin down nuclear parton distributions functions.

ChunGui Duan; LiHua Song; ShuoHe Wang; GuangLie Li

2006-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The energy injection and losses in the Monte Carlo simulations of a diffusive shock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) could be simulated by some well-established models, the assumption of the injection rate from the thermal particles to the superthermal population is still a contentious problem. But in the self-consistent Monte Carlo simulations, because of the prescribed scattering law instead of the assumption of the injected function, hence particle injection rate is intrinsically defined by the prescribed scattering law. We expect to examine the correlation of the energy injection with the prescribed multiple scattering angular distributions. According to the Rankine-Hugoniot conditions, the energy injection and the losses in the simulation system can directly decide the shock energy spectrum slope. By the simulations performed with multiple scattering law in the dynamical Monte Carlo model, the energy injection and energy loss functions are obtained. As results, the case applying anisotropic scattering law produce a small energy injection and large energy losses leading to a s...

Wang, Xin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Atomic-Scale Chemical Imaging via Combination of Scanning Tunneling and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic-Scale Chemical Imaging via Combination of Scanning Tunneling and Electron Energy Loss visualization of chemical reaction pathways to provide mechanistic understanding for catalytically important systems at atomic level Develop atomically resolved chemical imaging platform via combination of low

43

Generalization of radiative jet energy loss to non-zero magnetic mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable predictions for jet quenching in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions require accurate computation of radiative energy loss. With this goal, an energy loss formalism in a realistic finite size dynamical QCD medium was recently developed. While this formalism assumes zero magnetic mass - in accordance with the one-loop perturbative calculations - different non-perturbative approaches report a non-zero magnetic mass at RHIC and LHC. We here generalize the energy loss to consistently include a possibility for existence of non-zero magnetic screening. We also present how the inclusion of finite magnetic mass changes the energy loss results. Our analysis indicates a fundamental constraint on magnetic to electric mass ratio.

Magdalena Djordjevic; Marko Djordjevic

2011-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

44

TEM Characterization of a Monolithic U-Mo Plate-Type Nuclear Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nuclear Energy: Processes and Policies. Presentation Title, TEM ...

45

Energy loss and thermalization of heavy quarks in a strongly-coupled plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we compute the medium-induced energy loss of a decelerating heavy quark moving through a strongly-coupled supersymmetric Yang Mills plasma. In the regime where the deceleration is small, a perturbative calculation is possible and we obtain the first two corrections to the energy-loss rate of a heavy quark with constant velocity. The thermalization of the heavy quark is also discussed.

Marquet, C; Xiao, B -W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Reducing heat loss from the energy absorber of a solar collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is provided for reducing convective heat loss in a cylindrical radiant energy collector. It includes a curved reflective wall in the shape of the arc of a circle positioned on the opposite side of the exit aperture from the reflective side walls of the collector. Radiant energy exiting the exit aperture is directed by the curved wall onto an energy absorber such that the portion of the absorber upon which the energy is directed faces downward to reduce convective heat loss from the absorber.

Chao, Bei Tse (Urbana, IL); Rabl, Ari (Downers Grove, IL)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

CMB bounds on dark matter annihilation: nucleon energy-losses after recombination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the propagation and energy losses of protons and anti-protons produced by dark matter annihilation at redshifts 100energy injected into e^\\pm and \\gamma's, but their interactions are normally neglected when deriving CMB bounds from altered recombination histories. Here, we follow numerically the energy-loss history of typical protons/antiprotons in the cosmological medium. We show that about half of their energy is channeled into photons and e^\\pm, and we present a simple prescription to estimate the corresponding strengthening of the CMB bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section.

Weniger, Christoph; Iocco, Fabio; Bertone, Gianfranco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2013 Topics: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Due October 10, in class, or before 5pm outside: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Due October 10, in class peripheral buildings; at peak output, the plant generates 185,000 pounds of steam each hour. It has been

Kammen, Daniel M.

49

Quark energy loss and shadowing in nuclear Drell-Yan process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy loss effect in nuclear matter is another nuclear effect apart from the nuclear effects on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering process. The quark energy loss can be measured best by the nuclear dependence of the high energy nuclear Drell-Yan process. By means of three kinds of quark energy loss parameterizations given in literature and the nuclear parton distribution extracted only with lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering experimental data, measured Drell-Yan production cross sections are analyzed for 800GeV proton incident on a variety of nuclear targets from FNAL E866. It is shown that our results with considering the energy loss effect are much different from these of the FNAL E866 who analysis the experimental data with the nuclear parton distribution functions obtained by using the deep inelastic lA collisions and pA nuclear Drell-Yan data . Considering the existence of energy loss effect in Drell-Yan lepton pairs production,we suggest that the extraction of nuclear parton distribution functions should not include Drell-Yan experimental data.

Chun-Gui Duan; Shu-Wen Cui; Zhan-Yuan Yan; Guang-Lie Li

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

Energy loss of charm quarks from $J/?$ production in cold nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$J/\\psi$ suppression in p-A collisions is studied by considering the nuclear effects on parton distribution, energy loss of beam proton and the finial state energy loss of color octet $c\\overline{c}$. The leading-order computations for $J/\\psi$ production cross-section ratios $R_{W/Be}(x_{F})$ are presented and compared with the selected E866 experimental data with the $c\\overline{c}$ remaining colored on its entire path in the medium. It is shown that the combination of the different nuclear effects accounts quite well for the observed $J/\\psi$ suppression in the experimental data. It is found that the $J/\\psi$ suppression on $R_{W/Be}(x_{F})$ from the initial state nuclear effects is more important than that induced by the energy loss of color octet $c\\overline{c}$ in the large $x_F$ region. Whether the $c\\overline{c}$ pair energy loss is linear or quadratic with the path length is not determined. The obtained $c\\overline{c}$ pair energy loss per unit path length $\\alpha=2.78\\pm0.81$ GeV/fm, which indicates that the heavy quark in cold nuclear matter can lose more energy compared to the outgoing light quark.

Li-Hua Song; Wen-Dan Miao; Chun-Gui Duan

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Soil fertility and soil loss constraints on crop residue removal for energy production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of the methodologies used to estimate the soil fertility and soil loss constraints on crop residue removal for energy production is presented. Estimates of excess residue are developed for wheat in north-central Oklahoma and for corn and soybeans in central Iowa. These sample farming situations are analyzed in other research in the Analysis Division of the Solar Energy Research Institute.

Flaim, S.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy dissipation in /sup 235/U(n/sub th/,f). [Energy losses, potential energy  

SciTech Connect

The maximum energy available for dissipation in the thermal-neutron induced fission of /sup 235/U was determined on the basis of the calculated (static) potential energy and the experimental post-scission data. High dissipation is found to be incompatible with experiment. 18 references.

Schultheis, H.; Schultheis, R.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy loss estimates at several beam intensities in the Fermilab Booster  

SciTech Connect

The difference between the effective rf voltage and the accelerating voltage required to match the rate of change of the Booster magnetic field can be used to estimate the energy loss per beam turn. Although the effective rf voltage (RFSUM) and the synchronous phase can be experimentally measured and used to calculate the accelerating voltage, the calibration of the signals during the fast change of the Booster rf frequency is difficult and appears to introduce some offset to the beam energy loss estimation. An observed linear relationship between energy loss and beam intensity is used to evaluate the offset, which is then applied to the experimental data. This approach, rather than recalibrating the signals, is simple and suitable for minimizing the error in the data.

Xi Yang and James MacLachlan

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

54

What`s new in building energy research: Thermal distribution technology. DOE looks at cutting energy losses in a building`s heating and cooling distribution system  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy takes a look at cutting energy losses in a building`s heating and cooling distribution system.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Systematic Study of Charm Quark Energy Loss Using Parton Cascade Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we use a Parton Cascade Model to study the evolution of charm quarks propagating through a thermal brick of QCD matter. We determine the energy loss and the transport coefficient 'qhat' for charm quarks. The calculations are done for constant temperature of 350 MeV and the results are compared to analytical calculations of heavy quark energy loss in order to validate the applicability of using a Parton Cascade Model for the study of heavy quark dynamics in hot and dense QCD matter.

Mohammed Younus; Christopher E. Coleman-Smith; Steffen A. Bass; Dinesh K. Srivastava

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

56

Neutrino Energy Loss Rates due to {sup 54,55,56}Fe in Stellar Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrino energy loss rates are required as a key nuclear physics input parameter in the simulation codes of core-collapse supernovae of massive stars. The weak interaction rates due to isotopes of iron, {sup 54,55,56}Fe, are considered to play an important role during the presupernova evolution of massive stars. Proton-neutron quasi-particle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory has recently being used for a microscopic calculation of stellar weak interaction rates of iron isotopes with success. The calculation of neutrino energy loss rates due to {sup 54,55,56}Fe is presented along with a comparison with large scale shell model results.

Nabi, Jameel-Un [Faculty of Engineering Sciences, GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi 23640, Swabi, NWFP (Pakistan)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Measurements of distributions of energy loss and additivity of energy loss for 50 to 150 keV protons in hydrogen and nine hydrogen gases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detailed measurements of energy-loss distributions were made for 51, 102 and 153 keV protons traversing hydrogen, methane, ethyne, ethene, ethane, propyne, propadiene, propene, cyclopropane and propane. Less detailed measurements were made at 76.5 and 127.5 keV. To simplify comparison with theory, all of the measurements were made at a gas density that gave a 4% energy loss. The mean energy, second central moment (a measure of the width of the distribution) and the third central moment (a measure of the skew) were calculated from the measured distributions. Stopping power values, calculated using the mean energy, agreed with the predictions of the theory by Bethe. For the second and third central moments, the best agreement between measurement and theory was obtained when the classical scattering probability was used for the calculations; but the agreement was not good. In all cases, variations were found in the data that could be correlated to the type of carbon binding in the molecule.

Thorngate, J.H.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production For Geothermal Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Correlation Of Surface Heat Loss And Total Energy Production For Geothermal Systems Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Geothermal systems lose their heat by a site-specific combination of conduction (heat flow) and advection (surface discharge). The conductive loss at or near the surface (shallow heat flow) is a primary signature and indication of the strength of a geothermal system. Using a database of

59

Electron energy-loss spectroscopy of boron-doped layers in amorphous thin film silicon solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron energy-loss spectroscopy of boron-doped layers in amorphous thin film silicon solar cells. de Bariloche, Argentina 3 ECN Solar Energy, High Tech Campus, Building 5, 5656 AE Eindhoven energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) is used to study p-doped layers in n-i-p amorphous thin film Si solar

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

60

Fast-ion Energy Loss During TAE Avalanches in the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Strong TAE avalanches on NSTX, the National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono, et al., Nucl. Fusion 40 (2000) 557] are typically correlated with drops in the neutron rate in the range of 5% - 15%. In previous studies of avalanches in L-mode plasmas, these neutron drops were found to be consistent with modeled losses of fast ions. Here we expand the study to TAE avalanches in NSTX H-mode plasmas with improved analysis techniques. At the measured TAE mode amplitudes, simulations with the ORBIT code predict that fast ion losses are negligible. However, the simulations predict that the TAE scatter the fast ions in energy, resulting in a small (? 6%) drop in fast ion ?. The net decrease in energy of the fast ions is sufficient to account for the bulk of the drop in neutron rate, even in the absence of fast ion losses. This loss of energy from the fast ion population is comparable to the estimated energy lost by damping from the Alfven wave during the burst. The previously studied TAE avalanches in L-mode are re-evaluated using an improved calculation of the potential fluctuations in the ORBIT code.

Fredrickson, E D; Darrow, D S; Gorelenkov, N N; Kramer, G J; Kubota, S; Podesta, M; White, R B; Bortolon, A; Gerhardt, S P; Bell, R E; Diallo, A; LeBlanc, B; Levinton, F M

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

Extended electron energy loss fine structure simulation of the local boron environment in sodium aluminoborosilicate glasses containing gadolinium  

SciTech Connect

Phase separation in sodium-aluminoborosilicate glasses was systematically studied as a function of Gd2O3 concentration with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) methods. Gadolinium-induced phase separation in the three systems can be consistently explained by proposing that Gd cations partition to the borate-rich environments and subsequent agglomeration of the Gd-borate moieties, or short-range ordered structural groups, in the glass. Agglomeration of the Gd-borate rich environments is further discussed within the context of excess metal oxides,[Na2O]ex or[Al2O3]ex=|Na2O - Al2O3|, and excess B2O3,[B2O3]ex, available for incorporating Gd cations. Results showed that agglomeration of the Gd-borate rich environments occurred at a much lower Gd2O3 concentration in the glass without[Na2O]ex or[Al2O3]ex and at a significantly higher Gd2O3 concentration in the glass with either[Na2O]ex or[Al2O3]ex. Assuming 1BO4 : 1Gd : 2BO3 (based on literature-reported Gd-metaborate structure) as a local Gd-borate environment in glass, we introduced the saturation index of boron, SI[B]= Gd2O3/(1/3[B2O3]ex), to examine the glass susceptibility to Gd-induced phase separation for all three alkali-aluminoborosilicate systems. While our results have provided some insight to the glass structure, they also provide insight to the mechanism by which the metal oxide is dissolved into the melt. This appears to occur predominantly through boron complexation of the metal oxide.

Qian, Morris (Charles Evans and Associates) [Charles Evans and Associates; Li, Hong (PPG Industries, Inc) [PPG Industries, Inc; Li, Liyu (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB); Strachan, Denis M.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The extraction of nuclear sea quark distribution and energy loss effect in Drell-Yan experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The next-to-leading order and leading order analysis are performed on the differential cross section ratio from Drell-Yan process. It is found that the effect of next-to-leading order corrections can be negligible on the differential cross section ratios as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and the target nuclei for the current Fermilab and future lower beam proton energy. The nuclear Drell-Yan reaction is an ideal tool to study the energy loss of the fast quark moving through cold nuclei. In the leading order analysis, the theoretical results with quark energy loss are in good agreement with the Fermilab E866 experimental data on the Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios as a function of the momentum fraction of the target parton. It is shown that the quark energy loss effect has significant impact on the Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios. The nuclear Drell-Yan experiment at current Fermilab and future lower energy proton beam can not provide us with more information on the nuclear sea quark distribution.

Chun-Gui Duan; Na Liu; Zhan-Yuan Yan

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

63

Electron energy losses near pulsar polar caps: a Monte Carlo approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use Monte Carlo approach to study the energetics of electrons accelerated in a pulsar polar gap. As energy-loss mechanisms we consider magnetic Compton scattering of thermal X-ray photons and curvature radiation. The results are compared with previous calculations which assumed that changes of electron energy occurred smoothly according to approximations for the average energy loss rate due to the Compton scattering. We confirm a general dependence of efficiency of electron energy losses due to inverse Compton mechanism on the temperature and size of a thermal polar cap and on the pulsar magnetic field. However, we show that trajectories of electrons in energy-altitude space as calculated in the smooth way do not always coincide with averaged Monte Carlo behaviour. In particular, for pulsars with high magnetic field strength ($B_{pc} > 3\\times 10^{12}$ G) and low thermal polar cap temperatures ($T < 5\\times 10^6$ K) final electron Lorentz factors computed with the two methods may differ by a few orders of magnitude. We discuss consequences for particular objects with identified thermal X-ray spectral components like Geminga, Vela, and PSR B1055-52.

J. Dyks; B. Rudak

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

MHD activity and energy loss during beta saturation and collapse at high beta poloidal in PBX  

SciTech Connect

High-..beta.. experiments, in medium to high-q tokamak plasmas, exhibit a temporal ..beta.. saturation and collapse. This behavior has been attributed to ballooning, ideal kink, or tearing modes. In PBX, a unique diagnostic capability allowed studies of the relation between MHD and energy loss for neutral-beam-heated (<6 MW), mildly indented (10 to 15%), nearly steady I/sub p/ discharges that approached the Troyon-Gruber limit. Under these conditions, correlations between MHD activity and energy losses have shown that the latter can be almost fully accounted for by various long wavelength MHD instabilities and that there is no need to invoke high-n ballooning modes in PBX. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Kugel, H.W.; Sesnic, S.; Bol, K.; Chance, M.; Fishman, H.; Fonck, R.; Gammel, G.; Kaita, R.; Kaye, S.; LeBlanc, B.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Site-specific electronic configurations of Fe 3d states by energy loss by channeled electrons  

SciTech Connect

Site-specific configurations of Fe 3d electrons in a spinel ferrite were investigated by electron energy loss spectroscopy under electron channeling conditions. Site-specific spectra were extracted by applying a multivariate curve resolution (MCR) technique to the data set. An electronic difference in the Fe sites caused by ligand field splitting of trivalent Fe was probed. This demonstrated the promise of site-specific valence and spin state analysis in spintronics applications of spinel ferrites.

Tatsumi, Kazuyoshi; Muto, Shunsuke; Nishida, Ikuo [Department of Materials, Physics, and Energy Engineering, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Rusz, Jan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

APPARATUS FOR MINIMIZING ENERGY LOSSES FROM MAGNETICALLY CONFINED VOLUMES OF HOT PLASMA  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is described for controlling electron temperature in plasma confined in a Pyrotron magnetic containment field. Basically the device comprises means for directing low temperature electrons to the plasma in controlled quantities to maintain a predetermined optimum equilibrium electron temperature whereat minimum losses of plasma ions due to ambipolar effects and energy damping of the ions due to dynamical friction with the electrons occur. (AEC)

Post, R.F.

1961-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co for presupernova and supernova physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proton-neutron quasi-particle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory has recently being used for calculation of stellar weak interaction rates of $fp$-shell nuclide with success. Neutrino losses from proto-neutron stars play a pivotal role to decide if these stars would be crushed into black holes or explode as supernovae. The product of abundance and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co is substantial and as such can play a role in fine tuning of input parameters of simulation codes specially in the presupernova evolution. Recently we introduced our calculation of capture rates on $^{55}$Co, in a luxurious model space of $7 \\hbar \\omega$, employing the pn-QRPA theory with a separable interaction. Simulators, however, may require these rates on a fine scale. Here we present for the first time an expanded calculation of the neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co on an extensive temperature-density scale. These type of scale is appropriate for interpolation purposes and of greater utility for simulation codes. The pn-QRPA calculated neutrino energy loss rates are enhanced roughly up to two orders of magnitude compared with the large-scale shell model calculations and favor a lower entropy for the core of massive stars.

Jameel-Un Nabi; Muhammad Sajjad

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

Estimating Energy and Water Losses in Residential Hot WaterDistribution Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Residential single family building practice currently ignores the losses of energy and water caused by the poor design of hot water systems. These losses include; the waste of water while waiting for hot water to get to the point of use; the wasted heat as water cools down in the distribution system after a draw; and the energy needed to reheat water that was already heated once before. Average losses of water are estimated to be 6.35 gallons (24.0 L) per day. (This is water that is rundown the drain without being used while waiting for hot water.) The amount of wasted hot water has been calculated to be 10.9 gallons (41.3L) per day. (This is water that was heated, but either is not used or issued after it has cooled off.) A check on the reasonableness of this estimate is made by showing that total residential hot water use averages about 52.6 gallons (199 L) per day. This indicates about 20 percent of average daily hot water is wasted.

Lutz, James

2005-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

69

Experimental and theoretical study of the energy loss of C and O in Zn  

SciTech Connect

We present a combined experimental-theoretical study of the energy loss of C and O ions in Zn in the energy range 50-1000 keV/amu. This contribution has a double purpose, experimental and theoretical. On the experimental side, we present stopping power measurements that fill a gap in the literature for these projectile-target combinations and cover an extended energy range, including the stopping maximum. On the theoretical side, we make a quantitative test on the applicability of various theoretical approaches to calculate the energy loss of heavy swift ions in solids. The description is performed using different models for valence and inner-shell electrons: a nonperturbative scattering calculation based on the transport cross section formalism to describe the Zn valence electron contribution, and two different models for the inner-shell contribution: the shellwise local plasma approximation (SLPA) and the convolution approximation for swift particles (CasP). The experimental results indicate that C is the limit for the applicability of the SLPA approach, which previously was successfully applied to projectiles from H to B. We find that this model clearly overestimates the stopping data for O ions. The origin of these discrepancies is related to the perturbative approximation involved in the SLPA. This shortcoming has been solved by using the nonperturbative CasP results to describe the inner-shell contribution, which yields a very good agreement with the experiments for both C and O ions.

Cantero, E. D.; Lantschner, G. H.; Arista, N. R. [Centro Atomico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Montanari, C. C.; Miraglia, J. E. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio (CONICET-UBA), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Behar, M.; Fadanelli, R. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Goncalves 9500, Porto Alegre-RS (Brazil)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

OBSERVATION OF DIPOLAR FERROMAGNETISM BY TEM TECHNIQUES.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetostatic interactions play a central role in determining the magnetic response of an array of patterned magnetic elements or magnetized nanoparticles of given shape. The Fourier space approach recently introduced for the analytical computation of the demagnetizing tensor, field and energy for particles of arbitrary shape [1], has been recently extended to cover interactions between elements [2]. The main achievement has been the definition of a generalized dipole-dipole interaction for cylindrical objects, which takes into account the influence of shape anisotropy without resorting to,any kind of approximations [3]. Once the interaction energy is available, it becomes possible to evaluate the minimum energy state of the system for a given set of external parameters (such as applied field, aspect ratio, distance between elements). It turns out that, below a critical combination of aspect ratios and distances, the system undergoes a phase transition, changing abruptly from a closure domain state, with zero net magnetization, to a dipolar ferromagnetic state with a net magnetization which depends on the interaction strength between the elements. In order to observe this phenomenon by TEM, it is necessary to estimate the feasibility of the experiment by a series of simulations. Figure 1 shows the electron optical phase shifts for the system of three weakly (a-c) and strongly (d) interacting disks. The elements have a radius of 50 nm, a thickness of 5 nm (aspect ratio 1/20), and are uniformly magnetized at 2 T. By comparing Fig.1 (c) and (d), it can be seen that the fingerprint of the transition is the presence of fringing fields around the elements, revealed by the cosine fringes which resemble a dipole-like field in (d). When the system is in the closure-domain state, as in (a-c), no fringing field can be observed on a large scale. Figure 2 shows a set of Fresnel images, calculated for the same configurations as in Fig.1. As the Fresnel technique is scarcely sensitive to fringing fields, their effect is not evident in the images. However, by following the bright and dark contrast features in each image, a change in magnetization can be deduced, also when the electrostatic phase shift proportional to the thickness is taken into account. An alternative, more indirect, opportunity to observe the transition is granted by hysteresis loops. Figure 3 shows calculated hysteresis curves for non-interacting (a), weakly interacting (b) and strongly interacting (c) disks. The applied field is in-plane, along one of the triangular symmetry axis (0{sup o}, 60{sup o} or 120{sup o}). The transition is revealed by a remnant magnetization in zero field (c), contrary to the behavior of the weak interaction (b). Dipolar ferromagnetism can, therefore, be successfully investigated by TEM, where at least three different techniques, phase retrieval, phase contrast, and in-situ hysteresis experiments, are available for detecting the phase transition [4].

BELEGGIA, M.ZHU,Y.TANDON,S.ET AL.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Reduction in tribological energy losses in the transportation and electric utilities sectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is part of a study of ways and means of advancing the national energy conservation effort, particularly with regard to oil, via progress in the technology of tribology. The report is confined to two economic sectors: transportation, where the scope embraces primarily the highway fleets, and electric utilities. Together these two sectors account for half of the US energy consumption. Goal of the study is to ascertain the energy sinks attributable to tribological components and processes and to recommend long-range research and development (R and D) programs aimed at reducing these losses. In addition to the obvious tribological machine components such as bearings, piston rings, transmissions and so on, the study also extends to processes which are linked to tribology indirectly such as wear of machine parts, coatings of blades, high temperature materials leading to higher cycle efficiencies, attenuation of vibration, and other cycle improvements.

Pinkus, O.; Wilcock, D.F.; Levinson, T.M.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Acceleration, Energy Loss and Screening in Strongly-Coupled Gauge Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore various aspects of the motion of heavy quarks in strongly-coupled gauge theories, employing the AdS/CFT correspondence. Building on earlier work by Mikhailov, we study the dispersion relation and energy loss of an accelerating finite-mass quark in N=4 super-Yang-Mills, both in vacuum and in the presence of a thermal plasma. In the former case, we notice that the application of an external force modifies the dispersion relation. In the latter case, we find in particular that when a static heavy quark is accelerated by an external force, its rate of energy loss is initially insensitive to the plasma, and there is a delay before this rate approaches the value derived previously from the analysis of stationary or late-time configurations. Following up on work by Herzog et al., we also consider the evolution of a quark and antiquark as they separate from one another after formation, learning how the AdS/CFT setup distinguishes between the singlet and adjoint configurations, and locating the transition to the stage where the deceleration of each particle is properly accounted for by a constant friction coefficient. Additionally, we examine the way in which the energy of a quark-antiquark pair moving jointly through the plasma scales with the quark mass. We find that the velocity-dependence of the screening length is drastically modified in the ultra-relativistic region, and is comparable with that of the transition distance mentioned above.

Mariano Chernicoff; Alberto Guijosa

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

73

Analysis and minimization of power-transmission loss in locally daisy-chained systems by local energy buffering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power-transmission loss can be a severe problem for low-power embedded systems organized in a daisy-chain topology. The loss can be so high that it can result in failure to power the load in the first place. The first contribution of this article is ... Keywords: Power distribution, daisy-chaining, embedded systems, energy storage, power management, sensors

Sehwan Kim; Pai H. Chou

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A survey of energy loss calculations for heavy ions between 1 and 100 keV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The original Lindhard-Scharff-Schiřtt (LSS) theory and the more recent Tilinin theory for calculating the nuclear and electronic stopping powers of slow heavy ions are compared with predictions from the SRIM code by Ziegler. While little discrepancies are present for the nuclear contribution to the energy loss, large differences are found in the electronic one. When full ion recoil cascade simulations are tested against the elastic neutron scattering data available in the literature, it can be concluded that the LSS theory is the more accurate.

J. Pinto Da Cunha A; P. Sona D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Shock Treatment: Heavy Quark Energy Loss in a Novel AdS/CFT Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We first note the failures of traditional pQCD techniques as applied to high-pT heavy ion physics and the suggestion of examining the double ratio of charm to bottom nuclear modification factors to generically distinguish between these weak coupling ideas and the strong coupling ideas of AdS/CFT. In order to gain confidence in the use of AdS/CFT (and to increase the likelihood of falsifying it and/or pQCD) we extend its application to heavy quark energy loss in both thermal and nonthermal media by calculating the string drag in a shock metric.

W. A. Horowitz

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

76

Evaluation of Beam Loss and Energy Depositions for a Possible Phase II Design for LHC Collimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The LHC beams are designed to have high stability and to be stored for many hours. The nominal beam intensity lifetime is expected to be of the order of 20h. The Phase II collimation system has to be able to handle particle losses in stable physics conditions at 7 TeV in order to avoid beam aborts and to allow correction of parameters and restoration to nominal conditions. Monte Carlo simulations are needed in order to evaluate the behavior of metallic high-Z collimators during operation scenarios using a realistic distribution of losses, which is a mix of the three limiting halo cases. Moreover, the consequences in the IR7 insertion of the worst (case) abnormal beam loss are evaluated. The case refers to a spontaneous trigger of the horizontal extraction kicker at top energy, when Phase II collimators are used. These studies are an important input for engineering design of the collimation Phase II system and for the evaluation of their effect on adjacent components. The goal is to build collimators that can survive the expected conditions during LHC stable physics runs, in order to avoid quenches of the SC magnets and to protect other LHC equipments.

Lari, L.; /EPFL-ISIC, Lausanne /CERN; Assmann, R.; /CERN; Bracco, C.; /EPFL-ISIC, Lausanne /CERN; Brugger, M.; /CERN; Cerutti, F.; /CERN; Doyle, E.; /SLAC; Ferrari, A.; /CERN; Keller, L.; Lundgren, S.; Markiewicz, Thomas W.; /SLAC; Mauri, M.; Redaelli, S.; Sarchiapone, L.; /CERN; Smith, J.; /SLAC; Vlachoudis, V.; Weiler, T.; /CERN

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

77

Evaluation of Beam Losses And Energy Deposition for a Possible Phase II Design for LHC Collimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) beams are designed to have high stability and to be stored for many hours. The nominal beam intensity lifetime is expected to be of the order of 20h. The Phase II collimation system has to be able to handle particle losses in stable physics conditions at 7 TeV in order to avoid beam aborts and to allow correction of parameters and restoration to nominal conditions. Monte Carlo simulations are needed in order to evaluate the behavior of metallic high-Z collimators during operation scenarios using a realistic distribution of losses, which is a mix of the three limiting halo cases. Moreover, the consequences in the IR7 insertion of the worst (case) abnormal beam loss are evaluated. The case refers to a spontaneous trigger of the horizontal extraction kicker at top energy, when Phase II collimators are used. These studies are an important input for engineering design of the collimation Phase II system and for the evaluation of their effect on adjacent components. The goal is to build collimators that can survive the expected conditions during LHC stable physics runs, in order to avoid quenches of the SC magnets and to protect other LHC equipments.

Lari, L.; Assmann, R.W.; Bracco, C.; Brugger, M.; Cerutti, F.; Ferrari, A.; Mauri, M.; Redaelli, S.; Sarchiapone, L.; Vlachoudis, Vasilis; Weiler, Th.; /CERN; Doyle, J.E.; Keller, L.; Lundgren, S.A.; Markiewicz, Thomas W.; Smith, J.C.; /SLAC; Lari, L.; /LPHE, Lausanne

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

On the Loss of Wind-Induced Near-Inertial Energy to Turbulent Mixing in the Upper Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Loss of Wind-Induced Near-Inertial Energy to Turbulent Mixing in the Upper Ocean XIAOMING received 27 March 2009, in final form 23 June 2009) ABSTRACT Wind-induced near-inertial energy has been find that nearly 70% of the wind-induced near-inertial energy at the sea surface is lost to turbulent

Miami, University of

79

Comment on the paper "Energy Loss of Charm Quarks in the Quark-Gluon Plasma : Collisional vs Radiative"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the article by M. G. Mustafa published in Phys. Rev. C {\\bf 72}, 014905 (2005) the author has estimated the total energy loss of a charm quark and quenching of hadron spectra due to the collisional energy loss of energetic partons in an expanding quark-gluon plasma employing Fokker-Planck equation. We wish to point out through this comment that some of conceptual and numerical results of the said paper are unreliable.

Mishra, M; Patra, B K

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The uncertainties due to quark energy loss on determining nuclear sea quark distribution from nuclear Drell-Yan data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of two different parametrizations of quark energy loss and the nuclear parton distributions determined only with lepton-nuclear deep inelastic scattering experimental data, a leading order phenomenological analysis is performed on the nuclear Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and target nuclei for E772 experimental data. It is shown that there is the quark energy loss effect in nuclear Drell-Yan process apart from the nuclear effects on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering. The uncertainties due to quark energy loss effect is quantified on determining nuclear sea quark distribution by using nuclear Drell-Yan data. It is found that the quark energy loss effect on nuclear Drell-Yan cross section ratios make greater with the increase of quark momentum fraction in the target nuclei. The uncertainties from quark energy loss become bigger as the nucleus A come to be heavier. The Drell-Yan data on proton incident middle and heavy nuclei versus deuterium would result in an overestimate for nuclear modifications on sea quark distribution functions with neglecting the quark energy loss. Our results are hoped to provide good directional information on the magnitude and form of nuclear modifications on sea quark distribution functions by means of the nuclear Drell-Yan experimental data.

C. G. Duan; N. Liu; G. L. Li

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Extended electron energy loss fine structure simulation of the local boron environment in sodium aluminoborosilicate glasses containing gadolinium  

SciTech Connect

Gadolinium can be dissolved in sodium-alumino-borosilicate glasses up to 47 wt% in a baseline borosilicate glass (mol%) 20 B2O3, 5 Al2O3, 60 SiO2,and 20 Na2O. Understanding of Gd dissolution in borosilicate melts is important in glass formulation optimization. Electron energy loss fine structure (ELFS) spectroscopy is chosen, which provides well resolved local atomic structure information for both amorphous and crystalline materials with high sensitivity to low Z elements such as Al, B, Na, O, and Si where the x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) technique faces experimental difficulty. In this study, we report our results of boron K-edge ELFS study. Two borosilicate glass samples with 30 and 47 mass% Gd2O3, B20Gd30 and B20Gd47were chosen for B K-edge ELFS study. EEL spectra were acquired on a Philips 430 TEM equipped with Gatan PEELS system 666 and EL/P 2.1 software with Custom function AcqLong. The ELFS data analysis was performed using UWELFS, UWXAFS and FEFF software. From our Gd solubility study, the local structure of Gd in the borate environment possibly resembles double chain structure found in crystalline Gd(BO2)3 as proposed by Chakraborty et al. The B/Gd ratio's in both glasses are smaller then 3, which means the excess Gd atoms in the Si-sites would be 17 and 60 mol% of the total Gd atoms, respectively according to the model, yet the local environment of borate sites saturated with Gd should be remained. To verity above hypothesis, the double chain structure model was applied to fit boron K-edge. The model was shown to well fit experimental boron K-edge EELS spectra for both glasses with some degree of distance distortion which is understandable in amorphous structure. Therefore, it is very likely that Gd stabilized in borate sites has a local structure resembling the double chain Gd(BO2)3 structure as proposed by our solubility study and literature.

Qian, Morris (Charles Evans & Associates) [Charles Evans & Associates; Li, Hong (PPG Industries, Inc) [PPG Industries, Inc; Li, Liyu (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB); Strachan, Denis M.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) [BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

A Study of Achievable Potential for Transmission and Disitribution Loss Reduction and End-Use Energy Efficiency for Eskom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the results of a study undertaken to assess the "end-to-end" achievable efficiency potential for Eskom’s electrical system. The assessment includes potential energy and demand savings estimates due to transmission and distribution loss reduction measures and implementation of end-use energy-efficiency measures over the period of 20122030.

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

83

A method to determine stratification efficiency of thermal energy storage processes independently from storage heat losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for the calculation of a stratification efficiency of thermal energy storages based on the second law of thermodynamics is presented. The biasing influence of heat losses is studied theoretically and experimentally. Theoretically, it does not make a difference if the stratification efficiency is calculated based on entropy balances or based on exergy balances. In practice, however, exergy balances are less affected by measurement uncertainties, whereas entropy balances can not be recommended if measurement uncertainties are not corrected in a way that the energy balance of the storage process is in agreement with the first law of thermodynamics. A comparison of the stratification efficiencies obtained from experimental results of charging, standby, and discharging processes gives meaningful insights into the different mixing behaviors of a storage tank that is charged and discharged directly, and a tank-in-tank system whose outer tank is charged and the inner tank is discharged thereafter. The new method has a great potential for the comparison of the stratification efficiencies of thermal energy storages and storage components such as stratifying devices. (author)

Haller, Michel Y.; Streicher, Wolfgang [Institute of Thermal Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 25/B, 8010 Graz (Austria); Yazdanshenas, Eshagh; Andersen, Elsa; Furbo, Simon [Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Brovej, Building 118, DK-2800, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Bales, Chris [Solar Energy Research Center SERC, Hoegskolan Dalarna, 781 88 Borlaenge (Sweden)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Energy Loss of Gluons, Baryons and k-Quarks in an N=4 SYM Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider different types of external color sources that move through a strongly-coupled thermal N=4 super-Yang-Mills plasma, and calculate, via the AdS/CFT correspondence, the dissipative force (or equivalently, the rate of energy loss) they experience. A bound state of k quarks in the totally antisymmetric representation is found to feel a force with a nontrivial k-dependence. Our result for k=1 (or k=N-1) agrees at large N with the one obtained recently by Herzog et al. and Gubser, but contains in addition an infinite series of 1/N corrections. The baryon (k=N) is seen to experience no drag. Finally, a heavy gluon is found to be subject to a force which at large N is twice as large as the one experienced by a heavy quark, in accordance with gauge theory expectations.

Mariano Chernicoff; Alberto Guijosa

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

The uncertainties due to quark energy loss on determining nuclear sea quark distribution from nuclear Drell-Yan data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of two different parametrizations of quark energy loss and the nuclear parton distributions determined only with lepton-nuclear deep inelastic scattering experimental data, a leading order phenomenological analysis is performed on the nuclear Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and target nuclei for E772 experimental data. It is shown that there is the quark energy loss effect in nuclear Drell-Yan process apart from the nuclear effects on the parton distribution as in deep inelastic scattering. The uncertainties due to quark energy loss effect is quantified on determining nuclear sea quark distribution by using nuclear Drell-Yan data. It is found that the quark energy loss effect on nuclear Drell-Yan cross section ratios make greater with the increase of quark momentum fraction in the target nuclei. The uncertainties from quark energy loss become bigger as the nucleus A come to be heavier. The Drell-Yan data on proton incident mi...

Duan, C G; Li, G L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Numerical simulation of the plasma current quench following a disruptive energy loss  

SciTech Connect

The plasma electromagnetic interaction with poloidal field coils and nearby passive conductor loops during the current quench following a disruptive loss of plasma energy is simulated. By solving a differential/algebraic system consisting of a set of circuit equations (including the plasma circuit) coupled to a plasma energy balance equation and an equilibrium condition, the electromagnetic consequences of an abrupt thermal quench are observed. Limiters on the small and large major radium sides of the plasma are assumed to define the plasma cross section. The presence of good conductors near the plasma and a small initial distance (i.e., 5 to 10% of the plasma minor radius) between the plasma edge and an inboard limiter are shown to lead to long current decay times. For a plasma with an initial major radius R/sub o/ = 4.3 m, aspect ratio A = 3.6, and current I/sub P/ = 4.0 MA, introducing nearby passive conductors lengthens the current decay from milliseconds to hundreds of milliseconds.

Strickler, D.J.; Peng, Y.K.M.; Holmes, J.A.; Miller, J.B.; Rothe, K.E.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The influence of quark energy loss on extracting nuclear sea quark distribution from nuclear Drell-Yan experimental data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of two typical kinds of quark energy loss parametrization and the nuclear parton distributions determined only with lepton-nuclear deep inelastic scattering experimental data, a leading order analysis are performed on the proton-induced Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios of tungsten versus deuterium as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and target nuclei. It is found that the theoretical results with quark energy loss are in good agreement with the experimental data. The quark energy loss effect produce approximately 3% to 11% suppression on the Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios $R_{W/D}$ in the range $0.05\\leq x_2\\leq0.3$. The application of nuclear Drell-Yan data with heavy targets is remarkably subject to difficulty in the constraints of the nuclear sea-quark distribution.

Chun-Gui, Duan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The influence of quark energy loss on extracting nuclear sea quark distribution from nuclear Drell-Yan experimental data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By means of two typical kinds of quark energy loss parametrization and the nuclear parton distributions determined only with lepton-nuclear deep inelastic scattering experimental data, a leading order analysis are performed on the proton-induced Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios of tungsten versus deuterium as a function of the quark momentum fraction in the beam proton and target nuclei. It is found that the theoretical results with quark energy loss are in good agreement with the experimental data. The quark energy loss effect produce approximately 3% to 11% suppression on the Drell-Yan differential cross section ratios $R_{W/D}$ in the range $0.05\\leq x_2\\leq0.3$. The application of nuclear Drell-Yan data with heavy targets is remarkably subject to difficulty in the constraints of the nuclear sea-quark distribution.

Duan Chun-Gui; Liu Na

2008-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

89

A reverse Monte Carlo method for deriving optical constants of solids from reflection electron energy-loss spectroscopy spectra  

SciTech Connect

A reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) method is developed to obtain the energy loss function (ELF) and optical constants from a measured reflection electron energy-loss spectroscopy (REELS) spectrum by an iterative Monte Carlo (MC) simulation procedure. The method combines the simulated annealing method, i.e., a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling of oscillator parameters, surface and bulk excitation weighting factors, and band gap energy, with a conventional MC simulation of electron interaction with solids, which acts as a single step of MCMC sampling in this RMC method. To examine the reliability of this method, we have verified that the output data of the dielectric function are essentially independent of the initial values of the trial parameters, which is a basic property of a MCMC method. The optical constants derived for SiO{sub 2} in the energy loss range of 8-90 eV are in good agreement with other available data, and relevant bulk ELFs are checked by oscillator strength-sum and perfect-screening-sum rules. Our results show that the dielectric function can be obtained by the RMC method even with a wide range of initial trial parameters. The RMC method is thus a general and effective method for determining the optical properties of solids from REELS measurements.

Da, B.; Sun, Y.; Ding, Z. J. [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China)] [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China); Mao, S. F. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China)] [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China); Zhang, Z. M. [Centre of Physical Experiments, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China)] [Centre of Physical Experiments, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China (China); Jin, H.; Yoshikawa, H.; Tanuma, S. [Advanced Surface Chemical Analysis Group, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)] [Advanced Surface Chemical Analysis Group, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

SIMS and TEM Analysis of Niobium Bicrystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behaviour of interstitial impurities(C,O,N,H) on the Nb surface with respect to grain boundaries may affect cavity performance. Large grain Nb makes possible the selection of bicrystal samples with a well defined grain boundary. In this work, Dynamic SIMS was used to analyze two Nb bicrystal samples, one of them heat treated and the other non heat treated (control). H levels were found to be higher for the non heat treated sample and a difference in the H intensity and sputtering rate was also observed across the grain boundary for both the samples. TEM results showed that the bicrystal interface showed no discontinuity and the oxide layer was uniform across the grain boundary for both the samples. TOF-SIMS imaging was also performed to analyze the distribution of the impurities across the grain boundary in both the samples. C was observed to be segregated along the grain boundary for the control sample, while H and O showed a difference in signal intensity across the grain boundary. Crystal orientation appears to have an important role in the observed sputtering rate and impurity ion signal differences both across the grain boundary and between samples

Maheshwari, P; Griffis, D P; Stevie, F A; Zhou, C; Ciovati, G; Myneni, R; Spradlin, J K

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Motorized manipulator for positioning a TEM specimen  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to a motorized manipulator for positioning a TEM specimen holder with sub-micron resolution parallel to a y-z plane and rotating the specimen holder in the y-z plane, the manipulator comprising a base (2), and attachment means (30) for attaching the specimen holder to the manipulator, characterized in that the manipulator further comprises at least three nano-actuators (3.sup.a, 3.sup.b, 3.sup.c) mounted on the base, each nano-actuator showing a tip (4.sup.a, 4.sup.b, 4.sup.c), the at least three tips defining the y-z plane, each tip capable of moving with respect to the base in the y-z plane; a platform (5) in contact with the tips of the nano-actuators; and clamping means (6) for pressing the platform against the tips of the nano-actuators; as a result of which the nano-actuators can rotate the platform with respect to the base in the y-z plane and translate the platform parallel to the y-z plane.

Schmid, Andreas Karl (Berkeley, CA); Andresen, Nord (Berkeley, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

92

Estimating Energy and Water Losses in Residential Hot Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For dishwashers, not only is energy wasted as the hot waterhas the energy used to heat this water been wasted, but thewasted heat as water cools down in the distribution system after a draw; and the energy

Lutz, James

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Experimental investigation of the trapping and energy loss mechanisms of intense relativistic electron rings in hydrogen gas and plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of an experimental study on the trapping and energy loss mechanisms of intense, relativistic electron rings confined in Astron-like magnetic field geometries are presented. The work is subdivided into four sections: gas trapping; average ring electron energetics; plasma trapping, and hollow-beam cusp-injection into gas and plasma. The mechanisms by which the injected beam coalesces into a current ring in the existing Cornell RECE-Berta facility are considered. To investigate the nature of ring electron energy loss mechanisms following completion of the trapping process, a diagnostic was developed utilizing multi-foil X-ray absorption spectroscopy to analyze the Bremsstrahlung generated by the electrons as they impinge upon a thin tungsten wire target suspended in the circulating current. Finally, a set of preliminary experimental results is presented in which an annular electron beam was passed through a coaxial, non-adiabatic magnetic cusp located at one end of a magnetic mirror well.

Smith, A.C. Jr.

1977-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

94

Preliminary Analysis on Linac Oscillation Data LI05-19 and Wake Field Energy Loss in FACET Commissioning 2012  

SciTech Connect

In this note, preliminary analysis on linac ocsillation data in FACET linac LI05-09 plus LI11-19 is presented. Several quadrupoles are identified to possibly have different strength, compared with their designed strength in the MAD optics model. The beam energy loss due to longitudinal wake fields in the S-band linac is also analytically calculated, also by LITRACK numerical simulations.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

95

EMPIRICAL DETERMINATION OF THE ENERGY LOSS RATE OF ACCELERATED ELECTRONS IN A WELL-OBSERVED SOLAR FLARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present electron images of an extended solar flare source, deduced from RHESSI hard X-ray imaging spectroscopy data. We apply the electron continuity equation to these maps in order to determine empirically the form of the energy loss rate for the bremsstrahlung-emitting electrons. We show that this form is consistent with an energy transport model involving Coulomb collisions in a target with a temperature of about 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 7} K, with a continuous injection of fresh deka-keV electrons at a rate of approximately 10{sup -2} electrons s{sup -1} per ambient electron.

Torre, Gabriele; Pinamonti, Nicola; Guo, Jingnan; Piana, Michele [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Genova, Genova, via Dodecaneso 35, 16146 Genova (Italy); Emslie, A. Gordon [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States); Massone, Anna Maria, E-mail: torre@dima.unige.it, E-mail: pinamont@dima.unige.it, E-mail: guo@pitagora.dima.unige.it, E-mail: piana@dima.unige.it, E-mail: emslieg@wku.edu, E-mail: annamaria.massone@cnr.it [CNR-SPIN, Via Dodecaneso 33, I-16146 Genova (Italy)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A MathCAD procedure for commercial pipeline hydraulic design considering local energy losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a power type equation for friction factor, this paper presents a design procedure which provides accurate solutions for three types of pipe design problems (Types A-C) taking into consideration the effect of local losses. The parameters introduced ... Keywords: Commercial pipes, MathCAD, Pipe hydraulics, Pipeline design, Pressurized flows, Software, Steady-state analysis, Water distribution networks

Gürol Y?ld?r?m; Vijay P. Singh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Charge state evolution and energy losses in a beam?plasma interaction experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the charge state and energy evolutions of heavy ions travelling through the laser created plasma

R. Dei?Cas; J. M. Guihaumé; M. Beau; M. A. Beuve; J. F. Glicenstein; J. P. Laget; C. Moreau; J. P. Mosnier; M. Renaud; R. Barchewitz; M. Cukier

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Beräkning av värmeenergiförluster i flerbostadshus genom analys av den totala fjärrvärmeenergianvändningen; Calculation of the thermal energy losses in apartment buildings through analyze of the total district thermal energy consumption .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis has been carried out on behalf of IV Produkt AB and intends to set an average ratio of thermal energy losses in… (more)

Fredhav, Dennis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Loss of Quantum Coherence and Positivity of Energy Density in Semiclassical Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the semiclassical quantum gravity derived from the Wheeler-DeWitt equation, the energy density of a matter field loses quantum coherence due to the induced gauge potential from the parametric interaction with gravity in a non-static spacetime. It is further shown that the energy density takes only positive values and makes superposition principle hold true. By studying a minimal massive scalar field in a FRW spacetime background, we illustrate the positivity of energy density and obtain the classical Hamiltonian of a complex field from the energy density in coherent states.

Sang Pyo Kim; Kwang-Sup Soh

1998-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

100

Estimating Energy and Water Losses in Residential Hot Water Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by showers, faucets, and dishwashers. (Actual leaks of hotdraws for sinks and dishwashers may not waste water, from anheat the water. For dishwashers, not only is energy wasted

Lutz, James

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

GA based energy loss minimization approach for optimal sizing & placement of distributed generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed Generators (DG) provide the lowest cost solution to handle low voltage or overload problems. In conjunction with such problems, a technique of energy saving is introduced by placement of distributed generation (DG) in distribution systems. ... Keywords: Distributed generation (DG), energy saving, genetic algorithms (GA), optimal sizing and placement

Deependra Singh; Devender Singh; K. S. Verma

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Energy Saving by Limiting Standby Power Loss and Using Smart Power Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Now-a-days efficient energy management has become very crucial. Fossil fuel is exhaustible and its use is discouraged because of its adverse effect on climate change, Nuclear power is also not suitable because of safety and security concerns, on the ... Keywords: energy saving, standby power, LDR, SSR, LM35, MCU, GSM

S. M. Masudur Rahman Al-Arif; Kazi Mahatb Kadir; Md. Adnan Morshed; A. H. M. Iftekharul Ferdous; Md. Mahabubul Alam; Md. Shahidul Haque

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ultra high-gradient energy loss by a pulsed electron beam in a plasma  

SciTech Connect

The plasma wake-field mechanism can be used to couple energy at a high rate from a bunched electron beam into a plasma wave. We will present results from the Fermilab A0 facility where a beam with an initial energy of 14 MeV passes through the plasma to emerge with a much broader energy spread, spanning from a low of 3 MeV to a high of over 20 MeV. Over the 8 cm length of the 10{sup 14} cm{sup -3} plasma, this implies a 140 MeV/m deceleration and 72 MeV/m acceleration gradient.

Nikolai Barov et al.

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

104

Unvented Attic Increases Energy Efficiency and Reduces Duct Losses - Sun Lake at Banning, California  

SciTech Connect

New houses in the Sun Lakes at Banning subdivision are designed by Pulte Homes with technical support from the Building Science Consortium as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program. These homes save their homeowners money by applying the principles of ''whole-building'' design, which considers the house as a complete system instead of separate components.

Anderson, R.; Wells, N.

2001-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Energy Loss of Li and C Ions with MeV Energies in the Polycarbonate and Polypropylene  

SciTech Connect

Stopping power and straggling of Li ions and C ions at mean energy 3.8-5.4 MeV and 5.6-6.9 MeV, respectively, in polycarbonate (PC) and at mean energy 3.7-5.2 MeV and 6.8-8.0 MeV in polypropylene (PP) foils have been measured using ion beams from a Tandetron 4130 MC accelerator. The ions scattered from a thin, primary gold target were registered by a surface barrier detector partially covered with a thin foil of the investigated polymer. The stopping power was determined from the energy difference between the signals from the ions directly backscattered from the Au layer and the ions backscattered and slowed down in the foil. The foil thickness was determined by the weighing procedure. The experimentally determined stopping powers were compared with those calculated with the SRIM 2010 code. The measured stopping powers are in good agreement for Li and C in PC, the differences being within 0.1-1.6% for Li and 0.2-2.1% for C. For Li and C in PP, the stopping powers are lower than the calculated ones, the differences being within 0.5-2.8% for Li and 3.6-6.1% for C. The energy straggling was determined from the width of the RBS signals. The experimentally determined energy straggling was found to fluctuate around the values calculated according to Bohr theory.

Miksova, R.; Mackova, A. [Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 25068 Rez (Czech Republic); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, J.E. Purkinje University, Ceske mladeze 8, 40096 Usti nad Labem (Czech Republic); Hnatowicz, V. [Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 25068 Rez (Czech Republic)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

106

Optical guided modes coupled with Cerenkov radiation excited in Si slab using angular-resolved electron energy-loss spectrum  

SciTech Connect

Retardation effects in the valence electron energy-loss spectrum (EELS) of a Si slab are analyzed by angular-resolved EELS. The dispersion curves of the valence spectra excited in a slab are directly observed from a specimen area with several different thicknesses and are interpreted by performing a calculation of the dispersion relation using Kroeger's formula. The dispersion curves observed below about 3 eV are attributed to guided modes coupled with Cerenkov radiation (CR). The coupling between guided modes and CR is found to be dependent on the sample thickness (t). For the sample with t > 150 nm, the intensity of the guided modes increased linearly with thickness, revealing the coupling with CR. For t < 150 nm, however, the intensity of the guided modes rapidly decreased due to a diminished coupling with CR, resulting from the thickness-dependent dispersion curves of the guided modes.

Saito, H.; Kurata, H. [Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan); Chen, C. H. [Center for condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

107

Exploration of jet energy loss via direct $?$-charged particle azimuthal correlation measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multiplicities of charged particles azimuthally associated with direct photons and $\\pi^{0}$ have been measured for Au+Au, p+p, and d+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV in the STAR experiment. Charged particles with transverse momentum 0.5 $direct photons and $\\pi^{0}$ of high transverse momentum 8 $direct $\\gamma$ in central Au+Au relative to p+p and d+Au are similar and constant with direct photon fractional energy $z_{T}$ ($z_{T}=p_{T}^{h^{\\pm}}/p_{T}^{\\gamma}$). The measured suppressions of the associated yields with direct $\\gamma$ are comparable to those with $\\pi^{0}$. The data are compared to theoretical predictions.

A. M. Hamed

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Auger line shape and electron energy loss spectroscopy analysis of amorphous, microcrystalline, and. beta. -SiC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) line shape analysis of the Si-{ital L}{sub 23}{ital VV} and C-{ital KLL} peaks has been performed in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) on Hg-sensitized photodeposited amorphous and microcyrstalline SiC films. Mixtures of SiH{sub 4}/CH{sub 3}SiH{sub 3} and SiH{sub 4}/(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}SiH{sub 2} with helium or hydrogen dilution were used for the depositions. AES line shape and EELS analyses were also performed on {beta}-SiC for comparison. Quantitative bulk compositional analysis to determine the Si and C concentrations in these films was performed with an electron microprobe (EMPA) using x-ray wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (WDS). AES and EELS results reveal the predominant Si--C bonding and relative crystallinity in the films as a function of deposition parameters, which includes the gas mixture, pressure, and H{sub 2}/He dilution. These parameters determine the H radical flux during growth, which leads to changes in the film structure.

Nelson, A.J.; Mason, A.R.; Swartzlander, A.B.; Kazmerski, L.L. (Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO (USA)); Saxena, N.; Fortmann, C.M.; Russell, T.W.F. (Institute of Energy Conversion, University of Delaware, Newark, DE (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN TEM CHARACTERIZATION OF IRRADIATED RERTR FUELS  

SciTech Connect

The recent development on TEM work of irradiated RERTR fuels includes microstructural characterization of the irradiated U-10Mo/alloy-6061 monolithic fuel plate, the RERTR-7 U-7Mo/Al-2Si and U-7Mo/Al-5Si dispersion fuel plates. It is the first time that a TEM sample of an irradiated nuclear fuel was prepared using the focused-ion-beam (FIB) lift-out technical at the Idaho National Laboratory. Multiple FIB TEM samples were prepared from the areas of interest in a SEM sample. The characterization was carried out using a 200kV TEM with a LaB6 filament. The three dimensional orderings of nanometer-sized fission gas bubbles are observed in the crystalline region of the U-Mo fuel. The co-existence of bubble superlattice and dislocations is evident. Detailed microstructural information along with composition analysis is obtained. The results and their implication on the performance of these fuels are discussed.

J. Gan; B.D. Miller; D.D. Keiser Jr.; A.B. Robinson; J.W. Madden; P.G. Medvedev; D.M. Wachs

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

An energy equivalency analysis of trade-offs between thermal efficiency and standby loss requirements for commercial gas service water heaters  

SciTech Connect

The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE) Standing Standard Project Committee 90.1 has approved an addendum (90.lb) to ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989. The addendum specifies an increase in the minimum thermal efficiency requirement (from 77% to 78%), accompanied by an easing of the standby loss requirements, for commercial gas-fired service water heaters. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory performed an energy equivalency analysis to assess the impact of trade-offs between the improved thermal efficiency and the less stringent standby loss requirements. The analysis objective was to estimate whether the energy savings during firing would offset the increased energy losses during standby periods. The primary focus of this report is to summarize the major results of the analysis and provide a recommendation for minimum energy-efficiency commercial gas-fired service water heaters. Limitations to the availability of detailed performance and energy-use data for these commercial water heaters are also pointed out.

Somasundaram, S.; Jarnagin, R.E.; Keller, J.M.; Schliesing, J.S.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Improvements in the computation of balances and localization of commercial losses of electric energy in 0.38-kV networks  

SciTech Connect

An example of four 0.38-kV overhead distribution lines fed from a 10/0.4-kV transformer substation of the Grodno Electrical Networks (Belarus') and supplying electricity to a cottage area is used for analyzing energy balances and commercial losses in the networks. It is shown that the reliability of such analysis can be ensured by the use of modern software and electronic energy meters recording a retrospective of half-hourly intervals of active and reactive electric energy.

Vorotnitskii, V. Z.; Zaslonov, S. V.; Lysyuk, S. S. [Electric Power Research Institute (VNIIE) (Russian Federation)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (Norway) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Norway Coordinates 60.472023°, 8.468946° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60.472023,"lon":8.468946,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

Energy efficiency and renewable energy options for riskmanagement and insurance loss reduction: An inventory oftechnologies, research capabilities, and research facilities at theU. S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The promotion of technologies and services for insurance loss reduction and loss prevention is as old as the fields of insurance and risk management. This report addresses a new category of risk management opportunity involving technologies and procedures that use energy more efficiently or supply renewable energy. While the economic benefits of these measures are of interest to energy consumers seeking to reduce their energy expenditures, we have found that they also offer a novel and largely untapped pathway for achieving traditional risk management objectives. Most of the technologies described in this report were supported by government- sponsored RD D programs over many years of effort. These technologies have many benefits, including insurance loss reduction and prevention. The insurance and risk management communities could take advantage of these technologies, either independently or in cost-sharing partnerships with existing R D programs. In this report, we present a compilation of energy-efficiency and renewable energy projects (e.g., energy-efficient halogen torchiere replacements) and techniques (e.g., infrared cameras to detect fire hazards) that are currently being investigated at the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories and which the insurance and risk management communities could encourage their customers to use to address their short-term and long-term needs. Once the loss-prevention benefits of these technologies and techniques (many of which are not yet available in the marketplace) are sufficiently demonstrated, insurers can promote their use through informational programs and perhaps financial incentives (e.g., risk-adjusted insurance premium schemes) through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes. We identified 78 technologies and techniques being investigated by nine national laboratories which can help to reduce insurance losses and manage risks, especially those associated with power failures, fire and wind damage, and home or workplace indoor air quality hazards. All help to reduce insurance losses in one or more of the following categories: boiler and machinery, builder's risk, business interruption, commercial property insurance, completed operations liability, comprehensive general liability, contractors liability, environmental liability, product liability, professional liability, service interruption, workers' compensation, health/life insurance, and homeowners insurance. We identify examples of existing collaborations between the national laboratories and the insurance industry, and indicate research activities being conducted by the insurance and risk management communities that would benefit from the work of the national laboratories. We also describe some of the risk factors associated with energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies. For the future, significant progress could be made through interdisciplinary collaborative applied research (i.e., integrating the actuarial sciences with the physical or engineering sciences). This collaboration could be sponsored jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy and the insurance and risk management communities (as well as working through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes).

Chen, Allan; Mills, Evan; Vine, Edward.

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy efficiency and renewable energy options for riskmanagement and insurance loss reduction: An inventory oftechnologies, research capabilities, and research facilities at theU.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The promotion of technologies and services for insurance loss reduction and loss prevention is as old as the fields of insurance and risk management. This report addresses a new category of risk management opportunity involving technologies and procedures that use energy more efficiently or supply renewable energy. While the economic benefits of these measures are of interest to energy consumers seeking to reduce their energy expenditures, we have found that they also offer a novel and largely untapped pathway for achieving traditional risk management objectives. Most of the technologies described in this report were supported by government- sponsored RD&D programs over many years of effort. These technologies have many benefits, including insurance loss reduction and prevention. The insurance and risk management communities could take advantage of these technologies, either independently or in cost-sharing partnerships with existing R&D programs. In this report, we present a compilation of energy-efficiency and renewable energy projects (e.g., energy-efficient halogen torchiere replacements) and techniques (e.g., infrared cameras to detect fire hazards) that are currently being investigated at the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories and which the insurance and risk management communities could encourage their customers to use to address their short-term and long-term needs. Once the loss-prevention benefits of these technologies and techniques (many of which are not yet available in the marketplace) are sufficiently demonstrated, insurers can promote their use through informational programs and perhaps financial incentives (e.g., risk-adjusted insurance premium schemes) through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes. We identified 78 technologies and techniques being investigated by nine national laboratories which can help to reduce insurance losses and manage risks, especially those associated with power failures, fire and wind damage, and home or workplace indoor air quality hazards. All help to reduce insurance losses in one or more of the following categories: boiler and machinery, builder's risk, business interruption, commercial property insurance, completed operations liability, comprehensive general liability, contractors liability, environmental liability, product liability, professional liability, service interruption, workers' compensation, health/life insurance, and homeowners insurance. We identify examples of existing collaborations between the national laboratories and the insurance industry, and indicate research activities being conducted by the insurance and risk management communities that would benefit from the work of the national laboratories. We also describe some of the risk factors associated with energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies. For the future, significant progress could be made through interdisciplinary collaborative applied research (i.e., integrating the actuarial sciences with the "physical" or "engineering" sciences). This collaboration could be sponsored jointly by the U.S. Department of Energy and the insurance and risk management communities (as well as working through the insurance regulatory and rate-making processes).

Chen, Allan; Mills, Evan; Vine, Edward

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Local field effects at Li K edges in electron energy-loss spectra of Li, Li{sub 2}O and LiF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local field effects (LFEs) in low-losses of electron energy-loss spectra of Li, Li{sub 2}O, and LiF were calculated using the density functional theory under the generalized gradient approximation. By including the lithium 1s semicore state in the pseudopotentials, the amplitude of LFE was assessed all the way up to the Li K edge (from 0 to 80 eV). They are found to be much larger for semicore levels (2s of oxygen, 2s of fluorine, and 1s of lithium) than for the valence electron energy-loss region. LFEs at the Li K edge are studied in detail. In particular, for q=0 they are shown to increase with the inhomogeneities of the compounds (from Li to LiF). The influence of the magnitude and the direction of q is also presented. Both parameters have negligible effect in the case of Li metal but changes are quite substantial for Li{sub 2}O and LiF. This is in agreement with the isotropy and the delocalization of the metallic bonding as compared to the ionic one. LFEs at the Li K edge are, however, whatever the compound, much smaller than those observed at transition metal M{sub 2,3} edges situated at similar energy positions. This result can be accounted for by considering the wave functions associated with the initial and final states involved in both edges. For lithium battery materials, most often presenting a transition metal edge close to the Li K edge, these findings imply significant consequences with respect to the interpretation of their electron energy-loss spectroscopy spectra. In particular, LFE can be expected to be stronger in positive electrodes than in negative ones.

Mauchamp, V.; Moreau, P.; Ouvrard, G.; Boucher, F. [Institut des Materiaux Jean Rouxel, UMR 6502, Universite de Nantes-CNRS, 2, Rue de la Houssiniere, 44322 Nantes Cedex (France)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

vulnerability vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country United Kingdom Coordinates 55.378052°, -3.435973° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.378052,"lon":-3.435973,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

117

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Czech Czech Republic) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Czech Republic Coordinates 49.817493°, 15.472962° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.817493,"lon":15.472962,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ireland) Ireland) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Ireland Coordinates 53.41291°, -8.24389° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53.41291,"lon":-8.24389,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

119

AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belgium) Belgium) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Belgium Coordinates 50.359482°, 4.63623° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.359482,"lon":4.63623,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

120

Correlation Analysis of TEM Images of Nanocrystal Molecules  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative characterizataion of images of naocrystals and nanostructures is a challenging but important task. The development and optimization of methods for the construction of complex nanostructures rely on imaging techniques. Computer programs were developed to quantify TEM images of nanocrystal/DNA nanostructures, and results are presented for heterodimers annd trimers of gold nanocrystals. The programs presented here have also been used to analyze more complex trimers and tetramers linked by branched DNA, as well as for structures made from attaching gold nanocrystals to CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots. This work has the additional goal of enabling others to quickly and easily adapt the methods for their own use.

Micheel, Christine; Zanchet, Daniele; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2008-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Moment-Preserving Single-Event Monte Carlo Model of Electron and Positron Energy-Loss Straggling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Analog simulation of energy straggling of electrons and positrons is computationally impractical because of long-range Coulomb forces resulting in highly peaked cross sections about small… (more)

Gonzales, Matthew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

On the Loss of Wind-Induced Near-Inertial Energy to Turbulent Mixing in the Upper Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind-induced near-inertial energy has been believed to be an important source for generating the ocean mixing required to maintain the global meridional overturning circulation. In the present study, the near-inertial energy budget in a realistic ...

Xiaoming Zhai; Richard J. Greatbatch; Carsten Eden; Toshiyuki Hibiya

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Soil loss and leaching, habitat destruction, land and water demand in energy-crop monoculture: some quantitative limits  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The environmental impacts of growing biomass for energy, especially for liquid automotive fuels, are potentially large. They are sensitive to the low power production per unit area (high land requirement) and to net energy balances. Initial quantitative estimates were made for impacts per unit power within several classes of impacts, and conversely, for limits to power produced if one avoids worst-class impacts. The following types of biomass energy technologies are considered: ethanol and methanol from grains and residues (temperate zone); jojoba wax (semi-tropical); ethanol from sugar cane and root crops (tropics); and silviculture for methanol via gasification.

Gutschick, V.P.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Low energy positron diffraction from Cu(111): Importance of surface loss processes at large angles of incidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intensities of positrons specularly diffracted from Cu(111) were measured at the Brandeis positron beam facility and analyzed in the energy range 8eV40{degree}. 30 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Lessor, D.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Duke, C.B. (Xerox Corp., Webster, NY (USA). Webster Research Center); Lippel, P.H.; Brandes, G.R.; Canter, K.F.; Horsky, T.N. (Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

In Situ Hot-Stage TEM Analysis of High Pressure Cold Sprayed ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CSP material was also analyzed with high resolution TEM (HRTEM), electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) scanning electron microscopy (SEM), ...

126

A TEM Study of the Effect of Platinum Group Metals in Advanced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

base alloys were investigated using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). ... Finally, a mechanism is proposed to explain the correlation between ?/?' ...

127

TEM and CBED Techniques for the Study of Point Defect Structure of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convergent beam electron diffraction (CBED) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results have been compared to Java electron microscopy simulation ...

128

COORDINATED TEM/NANOSIMS MICROANALYSIS OF STRUCTURALLY OR ISOTOPICALLY RARE PRESO-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, A+B, X, Y and Z [2]. We are presently per- forming coordinated Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM- coated TEM grids. Importantly, of the KJ-series size separates, KJB is most representative/H-intergrowth grains that were predominantly H were mapped by TEM. These grains were relocated and measured by Nano

129

HOSPITAL ENERGY AUDITS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guidelines for Solid Waste Boiler Sys- tems: Veteransreduce gas consumption by 3%; and boiler turbulators (infire tube boilers) can save 10% heat loss. Price. S.G. Air

Pollack, R. I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Reduce Radiation Losses from Heating Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This DOE Industrial Technologies Program tip sheet describes how to save energy and costs by reducing expensive heat losses from industrial heating equipment, such as furnaces.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Shield Losses in Medium-Voltage Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can substantially reduce cable costs and circulating current losses by optimizing the design of concentric neutral conductors for underground distribution cables and by configuring installed cables to minimize energy loss. This guide shows how to design neutral conductors for maximum cost-effectiveness and includes calculations of circulating current losses and ampacities for commonly used cables.

1987-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three dimensional reconstruction of aerogels from TEM images Florence Despetis1,2 ,Nadjette to compute their physical properties. We focus here on base catalyzed and colloidal silica aerogels, which are fractal materials and we use an original method for the reconstruction of these aerogels from TEM images

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Gas Water Heater Energy Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insul. Thk. (in) 11. Supply Pipe Heat Trap (0,1,-1)* 12.Draw Pipe Heat Trap (0,1,-1)* * 0 = No heat trap 1 = Metallosses through the pipes by improving heat traps and by

Biermayer, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Gas Water Heater Energy Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyses of storage-type water heaters. 2 TANK modelswater heater as part of the DOE rulemaking analysis. We used the most current version of this model--

Biermayer, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

coastal loss | NOLA DEFENDER  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

BP Oil Doubled Wetland Loss, Study Says Posted Tuesday, ... coastal loss; Deepwater Horizon; louisiana coast; Oil; proceedings of the national academy ...

136

Vehicle Technologies Office: Parasitic Loss Reduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parasitic Loss Reduction Parasitic Loss Reduction Heavy vehicles lose a tremendous amount of energy to wind resistance and drag, braking, and rolling resistance. Such non-engine losses can account for an approximate 45% decrease in efficiency. Other sources of energy loss include: friction and wear in the power train, thermal (heat) loads, operation of auxiliary loads (air conditioning, heaters, refrigeration, etc.), and engine idling. The parasitic loss activity identifies methodologies that may reduce energy losses, and tests those in the laboratory. Promising technologies are then prototyped and tested onboard heavy vehicles. Once validated, technologies must be tested on-road to obtain durability, reliability, and life-cycle cost data for the developmental component and/or design strategy.

137

Aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies of epitaxial Fe/MgO/(001)Ge heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Aberration correction in the scanning transmission electron microscope combined with electron energy loss spectroscopy allows simultaneous mapping of the structure, the chemistry and even the electronic properties of materials in one single experiment with spatial resolutions of the order of one Angstrom. Here the authors will apply these techniques to the characterization of epitaxial Fe/MgO/(001)Ge and interfaces with possible applications for tunneling junctions, and the authors will show that epitaxial MgO films can be grown on a (001)Ge substrates by molecular beam epitaxy and how it is possible to map the chemistry of interfaces with atomic resolution. Epitaxial growth of insulator oxides on semiconductors constitutes a key issue within the field of electronics, and a considerably large effort has been devoted to harness the growth of high-k oxides on Si. Ge, due to its high electronic and hole mobility, is a very interesting alternative as a potential substrate for future high performance complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors. However, a major issue is to avoid the high resistivity at the source and drain contacts ensuing from the pinning of the Fermi level at the valence-band maximum. It has been suggested that this problem could be fixed by depositing a thin insulating tunneling barrier between the Ge substrate and the metal contacts. In this case, single crystal epitaxy would represent an additional benefit, since it would lead to a reduction of interfacial defects and improved performance of the tunneling barrier. MgO has been suggested to fulfill such requisites. Furthermore, MgO has been demonstrated to be a good substrate for epitaxial growth of transition metals thin films, such as Fe and Co, thus avoiding the potential problem of chemical reactivity with Ge. In such a scenario, epitaxial deposition of high quality MgO films on Ge substrates is highly desirable. But in addition, successful epitaxial growth of MgO on a semiconductor would also constitute a plus for applications in spintronics, since the injection of a spin polarized current from a ferromagnetic electrode to a non-magnetic semiconductor requires the presence of a potential barrier. MgO represents a convenient choice because the symmetry filtering properties at the interface with transition metals would allow an efficient spin filtering effect. For this approach to succeed, a suitable semiconducting substrate where MgO can be grown epitaxially must be found. And again, while GaAs and Si have been investigated for such role, Ge has not received much attention so far. In this study the authors report on the atomic resolution characterization of high quality interfaces in Fe/MgO/(001)Ge heterostructures. The study of the defects, the inhomogeneities and the interface structure of such junctions is a must to pave the way toward future applications. For this aim, the combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) is a most useful tool, since it allows these features to be probed with atomic resolution. Spherical aberration correction in the STEM allows for increased contrast, allowing even single atoms to be detected both in imaging and spectroscopy.

Gazquez Alabart, Jaume [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Petti, D. [Politecnico di Milano; Cantoni, M. [Politecnico di Milano; Rinaldi, C. [Politecnico di Milano; Brivio, S. [Politecnico di Milano; Bertacco, R. [Politecnico di Milano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

BNL TEM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Another text My description Another text Another text Another text Another text My description Another text Another text Another text Another text Another text Another text My description Another text Another text Another text Another text My description Another text Another text Another text Another text Another text Nanostructure and Structural Defects of Advanced Materials Our major research interests are on nanoscale structural phenomena that determine the properties of materials using advanced and quantitative electron microscopy. We focus on three areas of research: Structural inhomogeneity of strongly correlated electron systems; Interfacial phenomena; and Nanostructured materials, utilizing our state-of-the-art electron microscopy facility and unique strength in method development. Our emphasis is on understanding the relationship between structure and properties, and the underlying mechanisms of the complex physical behaviors

139

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY - Final  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY August 2005 Revised May 2007 Prepared for: The United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory DOE Gasification...

140

When Do Losses Count?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current global and national databases that monitor losses from natural hazards suffer from a number of limitations, which in turn lead to misinterpretation and fallacies concerning the “truthfulness” of hazard loss data. These biases often go ...

Melanie Gall; Kevin A. Borden; Susan L. Cutter

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Evaluating Transformer Losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper outlines how to determine what transformer losses cost and how to evaluate transformer bids to optimize the investment.

Grun, R. L. Jr.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Heat loss from an open cavity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cavity type receivers are used extensively in concentrating solar thermal energy collecting systems. The Solar Total Energy Project (STEP) in Shenandoah, Georgia is a large scale field test for the collection of solar thermal energy. The STEP experiment consists of a large field array of solar collectors used to supplement the process steam, cooling and other electrical power requirements of an adjacent knitwear manufacturing facility. The purpose of the tests, conducted for this study, was to isolate and quantify the radiative, conductive, and convective components of total heat loss, and to determine the effects of operating temperature, receiver angle, and aperture size on cavity heat loss. An analytical model for radiative heat loss was developed and compared with two other methods used to determine radiative heat loss. A proposed convective heat loss correlation, including effects of aperture size, receiver operating temperature, and receiver angle is presented. The resulting data is a source to evaluate the STEP measurements.

McDonald, C.G. [California State Polytechnic Univ., Pomona, CA (United States). Coll. of Engineering

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

TEM CHARACTERIZATION OF IRRADIATED U3SI2/AL DISPERSION FUEL  

SciTech Connect

The silicide dispersion fuel of U3Si2/Al has been recognized as a reasonably good performance fuel for nuclear research and test reactors except that it requires the use of high enrichment uranium. An irradiated U3Si2/Al dispersion fuel (~75% enrichment) from the high flux side of a RERTR-8 (U0R040) plate was characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The fuel plate was irradiated in the advanced test reactor (ATR) for 105 days. The average irradiation temperature and fission density of the fuel particles for the TEM sample are estimated to be approximately ~110 degrees C and 5.4 x 10-21 f/cm3. The characterization was performed using a 200KV TEM with a LaB6 filament. Detailed microstructural information along with composition analysis is obtained. The results and their implication on the performance of this silicide fuel are discussed.

J. Gan; B. Miller; D. Keiser; A. Robinson; P. Medvedev; D. Wachs

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Exascale for Energy: The Role of Exascale Computing in Energy Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Modeling for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems” (2006),ex- isting and new nuclear energy applications. • Shortennew generation of advanced nuclear energy sys- tems is under

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Published as: Ha T. Nguyen and Joshua M. Pearce, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 12451260 (2012). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 1245­1260 (2012). DOI: http; Photovoltaic; Renewable energy; Solar energy; Solar irradiation modeling ; Shading Abbreviations (Apv, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

146

Distribution System Losses Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, there is not an industry standard on how utilities calculate and account for electrical losses and reductions in electric system losses. Computer models used to analyze power flows typically only include the primary components of the distribution system infrastructure. More detailed electric system models can benefit utilities by providing more accurate loss calculations as well as benefits for system planning and engineering. The utility industry could benefit from having a consistent and uni...

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

TEM and EDS investigation of heterogeneous interfaces in cofired multilayer ceramic capacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the rapid development of electrical industry, monolithic ceramic devices with smaller size and lami- natedTEM and EDS investigation of heterogeneous interfaces in cofired multilayer ceramic capacitors Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China b Department

Chen, Haydn H.

148

OSIRIS TEM CHEAT SHEET First log on with Coral, using the terminal out by the SEM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control, Gatan Digital Micrograph, TEM Imagaing & Analysis (TIA), and the Flucam viewer. You could start the correct amount of time between each one. Launching of the software is complete when the Flucam viewer is the "Esprit" x-ray controller. #12;LOADING Line up the pin (the one near the end of the rod) with the line

Haller, Gary L.

149

E9: Improving the Confidence Level of TEM-Based Orientation Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A18: Effect of Local Alendronate Delivery on In Vivo Osteogenesis From PCL ... A7: On-the-fly System Design for High Precision/Ultra Fast/Wide Area Fabrication .... C19: Dissolution Behavior of Cu Under Bump Metallization in Ball Grid Array ... High Volume and Fast Turnaround Automated Inline TEM Sample Preparation.

150

Modeling the Loss Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on modeling and predicting the loss distribution for credit risky assets such as bonds and loans. We model the probability of default and the recovery rate given default based on shared covariates. We develop a new class of default ... Keywords: Basel II, default prediction, loss distribution, recovery rates

Sudheer Chava; Catalina Stefanescu; Stuart Turnbull

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 1 Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss ... The gravity increased most at the ConocoPhillips Sweeny ...

152

Instrumentation for Evaluating PV System Performance Losses from Snow: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes the use of a pyranometer with a heater and a digital camera to determine losses related to snow for PV systems located at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Marion, B.; Rodriguez, J.; Pruett, J.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Effects of Fresnel fringes on TEM images of interfaces in X-ray multilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fresnel fringe effects make assessment of interfacial structures from high-resolution TEM images of cross-sectional specimens difficult, producing different apparent structures in the images. Fresnel fringes have been observed in many TEM images of W/C, WC/C, Ru/C, and Mo/Si, multilayers. Visibility of these fringes depends on the thickness of the specimen and the defocus value. Contrast of the fringes becomes higher with increasing defocus. The effects of these fringes have been commonly over-looked in efforts of making quantitative interpretation of interfacial profiles. In this report, we present the observations of the Fresnel fringes in nanometer period Mo/Si, W/C, and WC/C multilayers in through-focus-series TEM images. Calculation of the Fresnel fringes of a Mo/Si multilayer using charge density approximation is used to illustrate the characteristics of the fringes from different interfacial structures. We find that the potential difference and the abruptness of the interfacial composition change are a strong function of the fringe contrast, while the fringes spacing depends more strongly on the thickness of the transition or interfacial layer.

Nguyen, Tai D.; O'Keefe, Michael A.; Kilaas, Roar; Gronsky, Ronald; Kortright, Jeffrey B.

1992-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

154

Economics of heat loss for power cables  

SciTech Connect

Energy losses occur in power cables which cause a rise in the conductor temperature. A trend toward higher allowable conductor temperatures has increased the energy losses during operation. At the same time, the costs of the energy has increased dramatically. With a given installation and load, energy costs vary inversely with the conductor size. However, initial costs vary directly with the conductor size. This relationship can be utilized to select a conductor size which minimizes the sum of the initial costs an the energy costs. This paper reviews present value techniques and identifies the level of energy costs in some particular installation configurations. An analysis is made of the marginal costs and savings available by changing the size of the conductor in a cable circuit.

Cornelison, K.E.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Estimation of the electron density and radiative energy losses in a calcium plasma source based on an electron cyclotron resonance discharge  

SciTech Connect

The parameters of a calcium plasma source based on an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) discharge were calculated. The analysis was performed as applied to an ion cyclotron resonance system designed for separation of calcium isotopes. The plasma electrons in the source were heated by gyrotron microwave radiation in the zone of the inhomogeneous magnetic field. It was assumed that, in such a combined trap, the energy of the extraordinary microwave propagating from the high-field side was initially transferred to a small group of resonance electrons. As a result, two electron components with different transverse temperatures-the hot resonance component and the cold nonresonance component-were created in the plasma. The longitudinal temperatures of both components were assumed to be equal. The entire discharge space was divided into a narrow ECR zone, where resonance electrons acquired transverse energy, and the region of the discharge itself, where the gas was ionized. The transverse energy of resonance electrons was calculated by solving the equations for electron motion in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. Using the law of energy conservation and the balance condition for the number of hot electrons entering the discharge zone and cooled due to ionization and elastic collisions, the density of hot electrons was estimated and the dependence of the longitudinal temperature T{sub e Parallel-To} of the main (cold) electron component on the energy fraction {beta} lost for radiation was obtained.

Potanin, E. P., E-mail: potanin@imp.kiae.ru; Ustinov, A. L. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Carbyne contamination in carbon-coated TEM microgrids made from vacuum-resistive heating deposition from a graphite rod  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbyne contamination was found to exist on the as-prepared carbon-coated transmission electron microscope (TEM) microgrids made by the method of vacuum-resistive heating deposition from a graphite rod. It is a source to bring mistaken and confusing information to the samples being studied by TEM.

Li Hanying; Sun Jingzhi; Wang Youwen; Chen Hongzheng; Cao Jian; Wang Mang

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

A beacon of new physics: The Pioneer anomaly modelled as a path based speed loss driven by the externalisation of aggregate non-inertial QM energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This treatise outlines how a non-systematic based Pioneer anomaly, with its implied violation (re: 'low' mass bodies only) of both general relativity's weak equivalence principle and the Newtonian inverse-square law, can be successfully modelled. These theoretical hurdles and various awkward observational constraints, such as the low value of Pioneer 11's anomaly pre-Saturn encounter, have (to date) not been convincingly modelled. Notwithstanding the recent trend to embrace a non-constant Sun/Earth-directed heat based explanation of this anomalous deceleration, the actual: nature, direction, and temporal and spatial variation of the Pioneer anomaly remain an open arena of research. Working backwards from the observational evidence, and rethinking: time, mass, quantum entanglement and non-locality, we hypothesise a mechanism involving a quantum mechanical energy source and a new type of 'gravitational' field; neither of which lie within general relativity's domain of formulation/application. By way of a systemic conservation of energy principle, an internally inexpressible (aggregate) non-inertial energy discrepancy/uncertainty -- involving a myriad of quantum (lunar/third-body residing) atomic and molecular systems moving in analog curved spacetime -- is (non-locally) re-expressed externally as a (rotating) non-Euclidean spatial geometry perturbation. At a moving body each "rotating space-warp" induces sinusoidal proper acceleration and speed perturbations, as well as a path-based constant (per cycle) rate of speed shortfall relative to predictions that omit the additional effect. 'Solutions' of the new model may extend to: the Earth flyby anomaly, solar system related large-scale anomalies in the CMB radiation data, the nature of dark energy, and how a theory of everything unification agenda is inadvertently impeding a deeper understanding of physical reality and quantum entanglement.

Paul G. ten Boom

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Catalogue of a Loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalogue of a Loss is a collection of sixty-two prose poems written within the past year and half. The work is printed on 4x6 cards. Each poem may be read individually from a single card or the poems can be read in ...

Berger, Larisa (Larisa A.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

TEM and SIMS Analysis of (100), (110), and (111) Single Crystal Niobium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Single crystal niobium specimens of (100), (110) and (111) crystal orientations have been analyzed using TEM and SIMS. The TEM specimens were prepared using Focused Ion Beam (FIB) and show niobium oxide thicknesses ranging from 4.9 to 8.3 nm for the three specimens after buffer chemical polishing. The oxide layers appear uniform and no significant sub-oxide region was noted. SIMS analysis was made for all three orientations on hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen before and after heat treatments at 90, 600, and 1250şC. Hydrogen is at a high level between the oxide layer and niobium, but at a relatively low level in the oxide. No high oxygen concentration region was noted in the niobium below the oxide. C contamination on the surface is detected mainly at the surface. Analysis after heat treatments showed some decrease in hydrogen after the 600şC heat treatment, and significant oxidation of the niobium after the 1250şC heat treatment.

A. D. Batchelor; D. N. Leonard; P. E. Russell; F. A. Stevie; D. P. Griffis; G. R. Myneni

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

160

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pumped hydro, compressed air, and battery energy storage areto other energy storage sys tem s suc h as pumped hydro andenergy would be $50/MJ whereas the cost of the pumped hydro

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: TOP Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of different variants of a given energy system by CO2 emissions, energy consumption, energy loss, and costs. Computer Platform Windows PC Programming Language Mainly...

162

Gyrokinetic simulations of the nonlinear upshift of the critical density gradient for TEM turbulence in tokamak fusion plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of collisionality on a new nonlinear upshift of the critical density gradient for onset of Trapped Electron Mode (TEM) turbulence is investigated in detail. Both linear and nonlinear, high resolution simulations ...

Zeller, Kyle M. (Kyle Montgomery)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Multivalent Ion Intercalation Materials as Ultra-high Energy Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of In Situ ec-S/TEM for Energy Storage Research ... Bonding, Structure and Properties of Energy Storage and Conversion Materials with Electron ...

164

Multiscale Filler Structure in Simplified Industrial Nanocomposite Silica/SBR Systems Studied by SAXS and TEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simplified silica (Zeosil 1165 MP) and SBR (140k carrying silanol end-groups) nanocomposites have been formulated by mixing of a reduced number of ingredients with respect to industrial applications. The thermo-mechanical history of the samples during the mixing process was monitored and adjusted to identical final temperatures. The filler structure on large scales up to micrometers was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and very small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). A complete quantitative model extending from the primary silica nanoparticle (of radius \\approx 10 nm), to nanoparticles aggregates, up to micrometer-sized branches with typical lateral dimension of 150 nm is proposed. Image analysis of the TEM-pictures yields the fraction of zones of pure polymer, which extend between the branches of a large-scale filler network. This network is compatible with a fractal of average dimension 2.4 as measured by scattering. On smaller length scales, inside the branches, small silica aggregates are present. Their average radius has been deduced from a Kratky analysis, and it ranges between 35 and 40 nm for all silica fractions investigated here (\\phi_si = 8-21% vol.). A central piece of our analysis is the description of the interaggregate interaction by a simulated structure factor for polydisperse spheres representing aggregates. A polydispersity of 30% in aggregate size is assumed, and interactions between these aggregates are described with a hard core repulsive potential. The same distribution in size is used to evaluate the polydisperse form factor. Comparison with the experimental intensity leads to the determination of the average aggregate compacity (assumed identical for all aggregates in the distribution, between 31% and 38% depending on \\phi_si), and thus aggregation number (ca. 45, with a large spread). Because of the effect of aggregate compacity and of pure polymer zones, the volume fraction of aggregates is higher in the branches than \\phi_si. The repulsion between aggregates has a strong effect on the apparent isothermal compressibility: it leads to a characteristic low-q depression, which cannot be interpreted as aggregate mass decrease in our data. In addition, the reinforcement effect of these silica structures in the SBR-matrix is characterized with oscillatory shear and described with a model based on the same aggregate compacity. Finally, our results show that it is possible to analyze the complex structure of interacting aggregates in nanocomposites of industrial origin in a self-consistent and quantitative manner.

Guilhem Baeza; ANNE-CAROLINE GENIX; Christophe Degrandcourt; Laurent Petitjean; Jérémie Gummel; Marc Couty; Julian OBERDISSE

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Louisiana Wetland Loss at Askives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Louisiana Wetland Loss? - Find Questions and Answers at Askives, the first startup that gives you an straight answer

166

In-situ TEM studies of magnetisation reversal processes in magnetic nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

One of the most widely studied types of magnetic nanostructure is that used in devices based on the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) phenomena. In order to understand the behavior of these materials it is important to be able to follow their magnetization reversal mechanism, and one of the techniques enabling micromagnetic studies at the sub-micron scale is transmission electron microscopy. Two techniques can be used: Lorentz transmission electron microscopy and off-axis electron holography, both of which allow the magnetic domain structure of a ferromagnetic material to be investigated dynamically in real-time with a resolution of a few nanometers. These techniques have been used in combination with in situ magnetizing experiments, to carry out qualitative and quantitative studies of magnetization reversal in a range of materials including spin-tunnel junctions, patterned thin film elements and magnetic antidot arrays. Quantitative analysis of the Lorentz TEM data has been carried out using the transport of intensity equation (TIE) approach.

Petford-Long, A. K.; Bromwich, T.; Kohn, A.; Jackson, V.; Kasama, T.; Dunin-Borkowski, R.; Ross, C. A.; Materials Science Division; Univ. Oxford; Univ. Cambridge; Massachusetts Inst. of Tech.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Revealing Correlation of Valence State with Nanoporous Structure in Cobalt Catalyst Nanoparticles by in Situ Environmental TEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simultaneously probing the electronic structure and morphology of materials at the nanometer or atomic scale while a chemical reaction proceeds is significant for understanding the underlying reaction mechanisms and optimizing a materials design. This is especially important in the study of nanoparticle catalysts, yet such experiments have rarely been achieved. Utilizing an environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM) equipped with a differentially pumped gas cell, we are able to conduct nanoscopic imaging and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in situ for cobalt catalysts under reaction conditions. Analysis revealed quantitative correlation of the cobalt valence states to the particles' nanoporous structures. The in situ experiments were performed on nanoporous cobalt particles coated with silica while a 15 mTorr hydrogen environment was maintained at various temperatures (300-600\\degreeC). When the nanoporous particles were reduced, the valence state changed from cobalt oxide to metallic coba...

Xin, Huolin L; Diaz, Rosa E; Stach, Eric A; Salmeron, Miquel; Zheng, Haimei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

STAFF PAPER A Review of Transmission Losses in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STAFF PAPER A Review of Transmission Losses in Planning Studies Lana Wong Electricity Analysis Office Electricity Supply Analysis Division California Energy Commission would like to acknowledge the following individuals for providing their insight into transmission

169

Low Impact Weight Loss Exercises | Fish Oil Weight Loss  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Low Impact Weight Loss Exercises. You want to lose weight, but for whatever reason, you want to or only can perform low impact exercises. No problem.

170

Evaluation of strain caused by coherent precipitates in an Al alloy using TEM techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elastic strains, caused by GP zones in an aged Al alloy, were determined quantitatively using two techniques: Dark Field In-line Holography (DFH) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy-Geometric Phase Analysis (HRTEM-GPA). The results obtained by both techniques showed that the elastic strain was not uniform along the precipitate-matrix interface. In some areas, it was found that strain had negligible value and this was attributed to the loss of coherence between the lattices. It is suggested that a possible explanation for this fact could be a variation in the 'vacancies pump mechanism' kinetics. To obtain a better interpretation of the experimental deformation maps, a reference GP precipitate-matrix structure was built using QSTEM software. The main advantages of DFH over HRTEM-GPA were a bigger field of view and low electron dose requirements without spatial resolution loss. Another difference found was that crystalline defects such as dislocations were evidenced by HRTEM-GPA in contrast to the result obtained by DFH. However, strain measurements were affected by mask size effect in the former. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strain around GP precipitates was not uniform and was in a more relaxed state. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strain values determined by HRTEM had more artifacts compared with holography ones. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strain distribution was attributed to differences in the release of vacancies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Holography showed important advantages over HRTEM regarding field of view mainly.

Hernandez-Rivera, J.L., E-mail: jose.hernandez@cimav.edu.mx [Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados (CIMAV), Laboratorio Nacional de Nanotecnologia, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Z.C. 31109, Chihuahua (Mexico); Universidad del Valle de Mexico, Robles 600, Fraccionamiento Jacarandas, Z. C. 78220, San Luis Potosi (Mexico); Rivera, J.J. Cruz; Garay-Reyes, C.G.; Azpeitia, M. Ramos; Zuniga-Alonso, I. [Facultad de Ingenieria-Instituto de Metalurgia, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Sierra Leona 550, Lomas 2a seccion, Z.C. 78210, San Luis Potosi (Mexico)] [Facultad de Ingenieria-Instituto de Metalurgia, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Sierra Leona 550, Lomas 2a seccion, Z.C. 78210, San Luis Potosi (Mexico); Martinez-Sanchez, R. [Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados (CIMAV), Laboratorio Nacional de Nanotecnologia, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Z.C. 31109, Chihuahua (Mexico)] [Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados (CIMAV), Laboratorio Nacional de Nanotecnologia, Miguel de Cervantes 120, Z.C. 31109, Chihuahua (Mexico)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY - Final  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY August 2005 Revised May 2007 Prepared for: The United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory DOE Gasification Technology Manager: Gary J. Stiegel DOE Project Manager: James R. Longanbach Project Manager: Michael D. Rutkowski Principal Investigators: Michael G. Klett Norma J. Kuehn Ronald L. Schoff Vladimir Vaysman Jay S. White Power Plant Water Usage and Loss Study i August 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................................................................................................... I LIST OF TABLES.............................................................................................................................III

172

Using the equivalent source technique to estimate noise in 4D TEM data Kristopher MacLennan* and Yaoguo Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of groundwater aquifers and petroleum reservoirs, require dense data distribution over a grid, acquired using is related wholly to the distribution of electrical current in the subsurface at that particular instantUsing the equivalent source technique to estimate noise in 4D TEM data Kristopher Mac

173

Sustainable Energy by Improved Energy Efficiency - Programmaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By reducing the losses inherent to these activities, energy efficiency will be improved, adding to the overall energy sustainability. A main factor for efficiency is ...

174

band density of states whereas the higher energy side is deter-mined by the thermal distribution. With increasing tem-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. wavelength, pm ~ Fig. 4 Demonstration ofthe application ofan InAs, -.Sb, light emitting diode as a CO, sensor light emitting diodes on GaAs or Si substrates. The devices readily result in a new generation of infra

Chen, Sheng

175

Revealing Correlation of Valence State with Nanoporous Structure in Cobalt Catalyst Nanoparticles by In situ Environmental TEM  

SciTech Connect

Simultaneously probing the electronic structure and morphology of materials at the nanometer or atomic scale while a chemical reaction proceeds is significant for understanding the underlying reaction mechanisms and optimizing a materials design. This is especially important in the study of nanoparticle catalysts, yet such experiments have rarely been achieved. Utilizing an environmental transmission electron microscope equipped with a differentially pumped gas cell, we are able to conduct nanoscopic imaging and electron energy loss spectroscopy in situ for cobalt catalysts under reaction conditions. Studies reveal quantitative correlation of the cobalt valence states with the particles' nanoporous structures. The in situ experiments were performed on nanoporous cobalt particles coated with silica, while a 15 mTorr hydrogen environment was maintained at various temperatures (300-600 C). When the nanoporous particles were reduced, the valence state changed from cobalt oxide to metallic cobalt and concurrent structural coarsening was observed. In situ mapping of the valence state and the corresponding nanoporous structures allows quantitative analysis necessary for understanding and improving the mass activity and lifetime of cobalt-based catalysts, for example, for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis that converts carbon monoxide and hydrogen into fuels, and uncovering the catalyst optimization mechanisms.

Xin H. L.; Diaz R.; Pach, E.A.; Stach, E.A.; Salmeron, M.; Zheng, H.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Definition: Net Energy For Load | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

It includes Balancing Authority Area losses but excludes energy required for storage at energy storage facilities.1 Related Terms energy, Balancing Authority, Balancing...

177

Duplex Oxide Formation during Transient Oxidation of Cu-5%Ni(001) Investigated by In situ UHV-TEM and XPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transient oxidation stage of a model metal alloy thin film was characterized with in situ ultra-high vacuum (UHV) transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and analytic high-resolution TEM. We observed the formations of nanosized NiO and Cu{sub 2}O islands when Cu-5a5%Ni(100) was exposed to oxygen partial pressure, pO{sub 2} = 1 x 10{sup -4} Torr and various temperatures in situ. At 350 C epitaxial Cu{sub 2}O islands formed initially and then NiO islands appeared on the surface of the Cu{sub 2}O island, whereas at 750 C NiO appeared first. XPS and TEM was used to reveal a sequential formation of NiO and then Cu{sub 2}O islands at 550 C. The temperature-dependant oxide selection may be due to an increase of the diffusivity of Ni in Cu with increasing temperature.

Yang, J.C.; Starr, D.; Kang, Y.; Luo, L.; Tong, X.; Zhou, G.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

178

Minimize Boiler Short Cycling Losses  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on minimizing boiler short cycling losses provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Computed Grain Boundary Energies: Trends among Elements and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energies computed for boundaries in different elements but with the ... In-Situ TEM Investigation of Interfacial Processes in Aqueous and Environmental ...

180

Interfacial Free Energies from Data on Coarsening Plus ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An equation relating ? to the gradient energy demonstrates that ? can remain ... In-Situ TEM Investigation of Interfacial Processes in Aqueous and Environmental

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Initial measurements of fast ion loss in KSTAR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast ion loss detector (FILD) has been installed and tested in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR). KSTAR FILD measures the energy and the pitch-angle of the escaping ions with the striking positions on the scintillator plane. Measurements of the fast ion loss have been performed for the neutral beam heated plasmas. Initial experimental results indicate the prompt losses from neutral beam are dominant and the effects of the resonant magnetic perturbation on the fast ion loss are investigated. In addition, further design change of the detector-head in order to avoid excessive heat load and to detect the fusion products or the fast ions having order of MeV of energy is also discussed.

Kim, Junghee; Yoon, S. W.; Kim, W. C. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jun Young [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Garcia-Munoz, M. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association IPP, Garching D-85748 (Germany); Isobe, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki-shi 509-5292 (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Optimal detection of losses by thermal probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the discrimination of lossy bosonic channels and focus to the case when one of the values for the loss parameter is zero, i.e., we address the detection of a possible loss against the alternative hypothesis of an ideal lossless channel. This discrimination is performed by inputting one-mode or two-mode squeezed thermal states with fixed total energy. By optimizing over this class of states, we find that the optimal inputs are pure, thus corresponding to single- and two-mode squeezed vacuum states. In particular, we show that for any value of the damping rate smaller than a critical value there is a threshold on the energy that makes the two-mode squeezed vacuum state more convenient than the corresponding single-mode state, whereas for damping larger than this critical value two-mode squeezed vacua are always better. We then consider the discrimination in realistic conditions, where it is unlikely to have pure squeezing. Thus by fixing both input energy and squeezing, we show that two-mode squeezed thermal states are always better than their single- mode counterpart when all the thermal photons are directed into the dissipative channel. Besides, this result also holds approximately for unbalanced distribution of the thermal photons. Finally, we also investigate the role of correlations in the improvement of detection. For fixed input squeezing (single-mode or two-mode), we find that the reduction of the quantum Chernoff bound is a monotone function of the two-mode entanglement as well as the quantum mutual information and the quantum discord. We thus verify that employing squeezing in the form of correlations (quantum or classical) is always a resource for loss detection whenever squeezed thermal states are taken as input.

Carmen Invernizzi; Matteo G. A. Paris; Stefano Pirandola

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

183

Parabolic Trough Receiver Heat Loss Testing (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Parabolic trough receivers, or heat collection elements (HCEs), absorb sunlight focused by the mirrors and transfer that thermal energy to a fluid flowing within them. Thje absorbing tube of these receivers typically operates around 400 C (752 F). HCE manufacturers prevent thermal loss from the absorbing tube to the environment by using sputtered selective Cermet coatings on the absorber and by surrounding the absorber with a glass-enclosed evacuated annulus. This work quantifies the heat loss of the Solel UVAC2 and Schott PTR70 HCEs. At 400 C, the HCEs perform similarly, losing about 400 W/m of HCE length. To put this in perspective, the incident beam radiation on a 5 m mirror aperture is about 4500 W/m, with about 75% of that energy ({approx} 3400 W/m) reaching the absorber surface. Of the 3400 W/m on the absorber, about 3000 W/m is absorbed into the working fluid while 400 W/m is lost to the environment.

Price, H.; Netter, J.; Bingham, C.; Kutscher, C.; Burkholder, F.; Brandemuehl, M.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Transport AC loss in high temperature superconducting coils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the world’s population continues to grow, our existing methods for energy supply and usage are clearly unsustainable. In developed industrialised nations, such as the UK and the US, the industrial sector uses about one third of all energy consumed [2... superconducting coil is found to be significantly large, and this will reduce the efficiency of the device in which it is utilised, par- ticularly when the loss is reflected back to room temperature by including the refrigeration cost. Many existing AC loss...

Ainslie, Mark

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Comparison of airborne asbestos levels determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using direct- and indirect-transfer techniques. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A subset of air samples from a 1988 EPA study was reanalyzed for asbestos by TEM using an indirect transfer technique. The samples were originally analyzed using a direct transfer technique. The document presents the results of the reanalysis and extends the discussion to include data from six other studies. The development of the two techniques and their respective advantages and disadvantages are described. The data support the general opinion that TEM analysis of air samples using indirect transfer methods tends to provide estimates of total airborne asbestos structure concentration that are higher than those obtained using direct transfer methods. There is no single factor that can be used to convert measurements made by one method to a value that is comparable with measurements made by the other because the quantitative relationship is expected to depend on details of the sampling and analytical protocols and the nature of the asbestos in the air. The ratio of indirect measurements to direct measurements ranges from 3.8 to 1,700 for the studies considered. Additional research is needed to determine which transfer technique more accurately reflects biologically meaningful airborne asbestos concentrations. Breakdown of larger structures into smaller ones during indirect preparation does not appear to be sufficient to explain the difference in measured concentrations.

Chesson, J.; Hatfield, J.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Industrial Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cost savings and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. Understanding how energy is used and wasted-or energy use and loss footprints-can help plants pinpoint areas of energy...

187

Forecasting photovoltaic array power production subject to mismatch losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of photovoltaic (PV) energy throughout the world this last decade has brought to light the presence of module mismatch losses in most PV applications. Such power losses, mainly occasioned by partial shading of arrays and differences in PV modules, can be reduced by changing module interconnections of a solar array. This paper presents a novel method to forecast existing PV array production in diverse environmental conditions. In this approach, field measurement data is used to identify module parameters once and for all. The proposed method simulates PV arrays with adaptable module interconnection schemes in order to reduce mismatch losses. The model has been validated by experimental results taken on a 2.2 kW{sub p} plant, with three different interconnection schemes, which show reliable power production forecast precision in both partially shaded and normal operating conditions. Field measurements show interest in using alternative plant configurations in PV systems for decreasing module mismatch losses. (author)

Picault, D.; Raison, B.; Bacha, S. [Grenoble Electrical Engineering Laboratory (G2Elab), 961, rue Houille Blanche BP 46, 38402 St Martin d'Heres (France); de la Casa, J.; Aguilera, J. [Grupo de Investigacion IDEA, Departamento de Electronica, Escuela Politecnica Superior, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaen (Spain)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Beam Loss Control for the Fermilab Main Injector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From 2005 through 2012, the Fermilab Main Injector provided intense beams of 120 GeV protons to produce neutrino beams and antiprotons. Hardware improvements in conjunction with improved diagnostics allowed the system to reach sustained operation at 400 kW beam power. Losses were at or near the 8 GeV injection energy where 95% beam transmission results in about 1.5 kW of beam loss. By minimizing and localizing loss, residual radiation levels fell while beam power was doubled. Lost beam was directed to either the collimation system or to the beam abort. Critical apertures were increased while improved instrumentation allowed optimal use of available apertures. We will summarize the impact of various loss control tools and the status and trends in residual radiation in the Main Injector.

Brown, Bruce C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Commercial Buildings Energy-Efficiency Workshop Notes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cogeneration involves a localized loss versus electric system losses included in primary energy calculations. One of the EIA staff stated that in the ...

190

Modeling heavy ion ionization loss in the MARS15 code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The needs of various accelerator and space projects stimulated recent developments to the MARS Monte Carlo code. One of the essential parts of those is heavy ion ionization energy loss. This paper describes an implementation of several corrections to dE/dx in order to take into account the deviations from the Bethe theory at low and high energies as well as the effect of a finite nuclear size at ultra-relativistic energies. Special attention is paid to the transition energy region where the onset of the effect of a finite nuclear size is observed. Comparisons with experimental data and NIST data are presented.

I. L. Rakhno; N. V. Mokhov; S. I. Striganov

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

191

Status of wake and array loss research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, many projects have evaluated wind turbine wake effects and resultant array losses in both Europe and the United States. This paper examines the status of current knowledge about wake effects and array losses and suggests future research. Single-turbine wake characteristics have been studied extensively and are generally described well by existing theoretical models. Field measurements of wake effects in wind turbine arrays are largely limited to small arrays, with 2 to 4 rows of turbines. Few data have been published on wake effects within large arrays. Measurements of wake deficits downwind of large arrays that deficits are substantially larger and extend farther downwind than expected. Although array design models have been developed, these models have been tested and verified using only limited data from a few rows of wind turbines in complex terrain, whereas some of the largest arrays have more than 40 rows of wind turbines. Planned cooperative efforts with the wind industry will obtain existing data relevant to analyzing energy deficits within large arrays and identifying data sets for potential use in array model verification efforts. Future research being considered include a cooperative research experiment to obtain more definitive data on wake deficits and turbulence within and downwind of large arrays. 16 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Elliott, D.L.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlookTITUTE FOR sysTEMs AND INNOVATION REsEARCH, gERMANy Introduction Renewable resources, once almost insignificant, are now gradually expanding their role in global energy supply. In 2004, renewable energy from all sources

193

Energy  

Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. Send a link to Full Size Image - Energy Innovation Portalto someone by E-mail; Share Full Size Image - Energy ...

194

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Electrical Energy Storage R&D at PNNL...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PNNL Electrical Energy Storage (EES) R&D strategy Crosscutting science Advanced diagnostic study, NMR, TEM, etc. Electrochemical study * Masscharge transport * Electrochemical *...

195

Mechanical model for ductility loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanical model was constructed to probe into the mechanism of ductility loss. Fracture criterion based on critical localized deformation was undertaken. Two microstructure variables were considered in the model. Namely, the strength ratio of grain boundary affected area to the matrix, ..cap omega.., and the linear fraction, x, of grain boundary affected area. A parametrical study was carried out. The study shows that the ductility is very sensitive to those microstructure parameters. The functional dependence of ductility to temperature as well as strain-rate, suggested by the model, is demonstrated to be consistent with the observation.

Hu, W.L.

1980-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quasi-Static Conductor Loss Calculations in Transmission Lines using a New Conformal Mapping Technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- A new approximation technique to find the total series impedance per unit length for quasi-TEM transmission lines including conductor loss has been developed. It is shown through the use of conformal mapping that both frequency dependent skin-depth and proximity effects can be accurately modeled. Comparison between experimental measurements and calculations for twin-lead, coplanar strips, parallel square bars, and coplanar waveguide all show excellent agreement. This technique is easily generalized to any transmission line making use of polygonal cross-section conductors. I.

Emre Tuncer; Beom-taek Lee; M. Saiful Islam; Dean P. Neikirk

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Implementation of Beam-Loss Monitor systems for the SSC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beam-Loss Monitors (BLM) are used with each accelerator in the Superconducting Super Collider complex. The primary purpose of these detectors is to protect the accelerators from damage due to the loss of protons. Although the range of primary beam energies to be covered is very large, 20 MeV to 20 TeV, we plan to maintain commonality of detectors and electronics as much as possible. In this report the plans for developing and implementing BLM systems for each of the accelerators will be discussed. Possible solutions to problems that have been identified are presented.

Johnson, R.G.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Stochastic Jet Quenching in High Energy Nuclear Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy losses of fast color particles in random inhomogeneous color medium created in high energy nuclear collisions are estimated.

Kirakosyan, M R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Loss mechanisms in turbine tip clearance flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of tip clearance ow have been carried out to dene the loss generation mechanisms associated with tip leakage in unshrouded axial turbines. Mix- ing loss between the leakage, which takes the form of a ...

Huang, Arthur (Arthur C.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: ISOVER Energi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ISOVER Energi ISOVER Energi ISOVER Energi logo Calculates: U-value, for constructions with and without thermal bridges; total heat loss for buildings; and energy demand for buildings. ISOVER Energi compares heat loss to the heat loss frame in the Danish Building Regulations. The energy demand is compared to the energy frame in the Danish Building Regulations. Furthermore ISOVER Energi calculates the profitability of activities e.g. retrofit, renewing of windows, to improve the energy performance of existing buildings. The profitability is compared to the criteria in the Danish Building Regulations. Access to databases with characteristics for common building materials and with linear heat losses for typical solutions for connections. The database facility is planned to be enlarged with databases for windows, boilers,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Louisiana Wetland Loss Fact at Askives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Louisiana Wetland Loss Fact? - Find Questions and Answers at Askives, the first startup that gives you an straight answer

202

TEM Characterization of U-7Mo/Al-2Si Dispersion Fuel Irradiated to Intermediate and High Fission Densities  

SciTech Connect

This paper will discuss the results of TEM analysis that was performed on two samples taken from the low flux and high flux sides of the fuel plate with U-7Mo fuel particles dispersed in U-2Si matrix. The corresponding local fission density of the fuel particles and the peak fuel plate centerline temperature between the low flux and high flux samples are 3.32 x 10{sup 27} f/m{sup 3} and 90 C, and 6.31 x 10{sup 27} f/m{sup 3} and 120 C, respectively. The results of this work showed the presence of a bubble superlattice within the U-7Mo grains that accommodated fission gases (e.g., Xe). The presence of this structure helps the U-7Mo exhibit a stable swelling behavior during irradiation. The Si-rich interaction layers that develop around the fuel particles at the U-7Mo/matrix interface during fuel plate fabrication and irradiation become amorphous during irradiation. The change in bubble distribution at the high fission density suggests that the bubble superlattice is stable as the U-7Mo matrix remains crystalline. It appears that there is a threshold Si content in the fuel particle above which the U-Mo turns to amorphous under irradiation. The threshold Si content is approximately 8 at.% and 4 at.% for low flux and high flux condition, respectively.

J. Gan; D.D. Keiser, Jr.; B.D. Miller; A.B. Robinson; J-F. Jue; P.G. Medvedev; D.M. Wachs

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

In-Situ TEM Study Of Lithiation Behavior Of Silicon Nanoparticles Attached To And Embedded In A Carbon Matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rational design of silicon and carbon nanocomposite with a special topological feature has been demonstrated to be a feasible way for mitigating the capacity fading associated with the large volume change of silicon anode in lithium ion batteries. Although the lithiation behavior of silicon and carbon as individual component has been well understood, lithium ion transport behavior across a network of silicon and carbon are still lacking. In this paper, we probe the lithiation behavior of silicon nanoparticles attached to and embedded in a carbon nanofiber using in-situ TEM and continuum mechanical calculation. We found that aggregated silicon nanoparticles show contact flattering upon initial lithiation, which is characteristically analogous to the classic sintering of powder particles by neck-growth mechanism. As compared with the surface-attached silicon particle, particles embedded in the carbon matrix show delayed lithiation. Depending on the strength of the carbon matrix, lithiation of the embedded silicon nanoparticle can lead to the fracture of the carbon fiber. These observations provide insights on lithium ion transport in the network structured composite of silicon and carbon, and ultimately provide fundamental guidance for mitigating the failure of battery due to the large volume change of silicon anode.

Gu, Meng; Li, Ying; Li, Xiaolin; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Zhang, Xiangwu; Xu, Wu; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Baer, Donald R.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Juan; Wang, Chong M.

2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

204

Corona losses dependence from the conductor diameter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents possibility to decrease the corona power losses in overhead transmission lines. Corona power losses can be reduced by increasing the diameter of the conductor and used bundled conductors per phase. The objectives were to determine ... Keywords: corona model, critical disruptive voltage, electric discharge, electric field, power losses, transmission line

Isuf Krasniqi; Vjollca Komoni; Avni Alidemaj; Gazmend Kabashi

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Ris Energy Report 7 This Ris Energy Report, the seventh of a series that began  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;3 1 Risø Energy Report 7 This Risø Energy Report, the seventh of a series. This report presents state-of-the-art and development per- spectives for energy supply technologies, new energy sys- tems, end-use energy efficiency improvements and new pol- icy measures. It also includes

206

$10 Billion Loan Loss Reserve for the Department's Loan Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$10 Billion Loan Loss Reserve for the Department's Loan Programs $10 Billion Loan Loss Reserve for the Department's Loan Programs $10 Billion Loan Loss Reserve for the Department's Loan Programs November 17, 2011 - 11:33am Addthis In any portfolio of investments, there will be some individual companies that will succeed and some that won't. That is especially true for a program like this that was established to support American leadership in the most cutting edge, innovative companies. No one ever expected a 100 percent success rate, but those that do succeed will generate thousands of new jobs in the short term and pave the way for entire new industries in the long term. China, Germany, Korea and others understand the stakes and so do we: advanced auto manufacturing and clean energy are already huge global industries. The economic opportunities will grow dramatically in the years

207

H- AND PROTON BEAM LOSS COMPARISON AT SNS SUPERCONDUCTING LINAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of beam loss in the superconducting part (SCL) of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) linac for H- and protons is presented. During the experiment the nominal beam of negative hydrogen ions in the SCL was replaced by a proton beam created by insertion of a thin stripping carbon foil placed in the low energy section of the linac. The observed significant reduction in the beam loss for protons is explained by a domination of the intra beam stripping mechanism of the beam loss for H-. The details of the experiment are discussed, and a preliminary estimation of the cross section of the reaction H- + H- -> H- + H0 + e is presented. Earlier, a short description of these studies was presented in [1].

Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL; Galambos, John D [ORNL; Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy. Summary: Key metrologies/systems: Scanning tunneling microscopy and one- and two-photon photoemission/Model ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy  

Home. Site Map; Printable Version; Share this resource. About; Search; Categories (15) Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency ...

210

Induction machine stray loss from inter-bar currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stray load loss refers generally to the sources of induction machine loss not accounted for by typical calculations of primary or secondary copper loss, no load core loss, or friction and windage loss. Harmonic rotor bar ...

Englebretson, Steven Carl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy.gov » Energy Blog Energy.gov » Energy Blog Energy Blog RSS September 30, 2011 Colorized TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy) micrograph of a cell of Geobacter sulfurreducens (orange) with its pili (yellow) stretching out like arms and immobilizing the uranium (black precipitate). | Image courtesy of Dena Cologgi and Gemma Reguera, Michigan State University Geobacter: The Junk Food Connoisseurs of the Bacterial Kingdom With a healthy appetitie for uranium and petroleum, this family of bacteria clean up nuclear waste and other toxic materials. A team of researchers has discovered exactly how they use their arms to do this. September 30, 2011 This Month on Energy Savers: September 2011 September is a month full of changes: it marks the switch from summer to

212

Study of Heat Loss: Commercial and Residential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is much savings involved in the prevention of heat loss. Many structures exhibit such loss. Much can be done to improve or minimize the heat loss in a structure. These include interior and exterior modifications. It has been shown that heat can move by means of convection, conduction, and radiation. Problems with heat loss can be due to moisture, and poor construction techniques. There is a beneficial cost savings involved in the prevention of heat loss. Prevention techniques include insulation, caulking, weather stripping, and double pane windows. There are tables available for one to reference and calculate the return on their investment or “payback tim”

Emmett Ientilucci

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

On the Information Loss in Static Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we give a concise definition of information loss from a system-theoretic point of view. Based on this definition, we analyze the information loss in static input-output systems subject to a continuous-valued input. For a certain class of multiple-input, multiple-output systems the information loss is quantified. An interpretation of this loss is accompanied by upper bounds which are simple to evaluate. Finally, a class of systems is identified for which the information loss is necessarily infinite. Quantizers and limiters are shown to belong to this class.

Geiger, Bernhard C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor April 11, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last September, I blogged about how you can prepare for the heating season by getting an energy assessment for your home. This time, let's talk about the flipside: a career performing assessments. A home energy assessment is a series of tests that reveal energy leaks in a home such as air leaks, poor insulation, and hot water loss. By identifying sources of energy loss and making recommended changes, homeowners can save energy and money while reducing the use of fossil fuels. Read more about energy assessments and watch a video in our Home Energy Assessments section.

215

Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor April 11, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last September, I blogged about how you can prepare for the heating season by getting an energy assessment for your home. This time, let's talk about the flipside: a career performing assessments. A home energy assessment is a series of tests that reveal energy leaks in a home such as air leaks, poor insulation, and hot water loss. By identifying sources of energy loss and making recommended changes, homeowners can save energy and money while reducing the use of fossil fuels. Read more about energy assessments and watch a video in our Home Energy Assessments section.

216

LOFT advanced densitometer for nuclear loss-of-coolant experiments  

SciTech Connect

A ''nuclear hardened'' gamma densitometer, a device which uses radiation attenuation to measure fluid density in the presence of a background radiation field, is described. Data from the nuclear hardened gamma densitometer are acquired by time sampling the coolant fluid piping and fluid attenuated source energy spectrum. The data are used to calculate transient coolant fluid cross sectional average density to analyze transient mass flow and other thermal-hydraulic characteristics during the Loss-of-Fluid Test (LOFT) loss-of-coolant experiments. The nuclear hardened gamma densitometer uses a pulse height analysis or energy discrimination, pulse counting technique which makes separation of the gamma radiation source signal from the reactor generated gamma radiation background noise signal possible by processing discrete pulses which retain their pulse amplitude information.

Johnson, L.O.; Lassahn, G.D.; Wood, D.B.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a significant progress in converting solar energy using silicon technology to replace fossil fuels. However, its high cost of production has led ...

218

Energy  

Efficient, Low-cost Microchannel Heat Exchanger. Return to Marketing Summary. Skip footer navigation to end of page. ... Energy Innovation Portal on Facebook;

219

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy, including Fundamental advances in nuclear fuels Nonproliferation safeguards Reactor concepts Reactor waste disposition Animation of new reactor concept for deep space...

220

Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Energy Express Licensing Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Of Spent Fuel Elements Express Licensing Acid-catalyzed dehydrogenation of amine-boranes Express Licensing Air Breathing Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Express Licensing Aligned Crystalline Semiconducting Film On A Glass Substrate And Method Of Making Express Licensing Anion-Conducting Polymer, Composition, And Membrane Express Licensing Apparatus for Producing Voltage and Current Pulses Express Licensing Biaxially oriented film on flexible polymeric substrate Express Licensing Corrosion Test Cell For Bipolar Plates Express Licensing Device for hydrogen separation and method Negotiable Licensing Durable Fuel Cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) Express Licensing Energy Efficient Synthesis Of Boranes Express Licensing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

System Losses Study - FIT (Fuel-cycle Integration and Tradeoffs)  

SciTech Connect

This team aimed to understand the broad implications of changes of operating performance and parameters of a fuel cycle component on the entire system. In particular, this report documents the study of the impact of changing the loss of fission products into recycled fuel and the loss of actinides into waste. When the effort started in spring 2009, an over-simplified statement of the objective was “the number of nines” – how would the cost of separation, fuel fabrication, and waste management change as the number of nines of separation efficiency changed. The intent was to determine the optimum “losses” of TRU into waste for the single system that had been the focus of the Global Nuclear Energy Program (GNEP), namely sustained recycle in burner fast reactors, fed by transuranic (TRU) material recovered from used LWR UOX-51 fuel. That objective proved to be neither possible (insufficient details or attention to the former GNEP options, change in national waste management strategy from a Yucca Mountain focus) nor appropriate given the 2009-2010 change to a science-based program considering a wider range of options. Indeed, the definition of “losses” itself changed from the loss of TRU into waste to a generic definition that a “loss” is any material that ends up where it is undesired. All streams from either separation or fuel fabrication are products; fuel feed streams must lead to fuels with tolerable impurities and waste streams must meet waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for one or more disposal sites. And, these losses are linked in the sense that as the loss of TRU into waste is reduced, often the loss or carryover of waste into TRU or uranium is increased. The effort has provided a mechanism for connecting these three Campaigns at a technical level that had not previously occurred – asking smarter and smarter questions, sometimes answering them, discussing assumptions, identifying R&D needs, and gaining new insights. The FIT model has been a forcing function, helping the team in this endeavor. Models don’t like “TBD” as an input, forcing us to make assumptions and see if they matter. A major addition in FY 2010 was exploratory analysis of “modified open fuel” cycles, employing “minimum fuel treatment” as opposed to full aqueous or electrochemical separation treatment. This increased complexity in our analysis and analytical tool development because equilibrium conditions do not appear sustainable in minimum fuel treatment cases, as was assumed in FY 2009 work with conventional aqueous and electrochemical separation. It is no longer reasonable to assume an equilibrium situation exists in all cases.

Steven J. Piet; Nick R. Soelberg; Samuel E. Bays; Robert S. Cherry; Denia Djokic; Candido Pereira; Layne F. Pincock; Eric L. Shaber; Melissa C. Teague; Gregory M. Teske; Kurt G. Vedros

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

TEM Study on the Evolution of Ge Nanocrystals in Si Oxide Matrix as a Function of Ge Concentration and the Si Reduction Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth and evolution of germanium (Ge) nanocrystals embedded into a silicon oxide (SiO?) system have been studied based on the Ge content of co-sputtered Ge-SiO? films using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray ...

Chew, Han Guan

223

Wetland loss dynamics in southwestern Barataria basin ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

ABSTRACT We determined spatial associations of wetland loss rates in a 950-km2 study area in the southwestern Barataria basin of Louisiana's ...

224

Louisiana Coastal Land Loss Video Release  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Today, the U.S. Geological Survey National Wetlands Research Center is pleased to announce the release of a new Louisiana coastal land loss video, ...

225

Analysis of TPV Network Losses (a Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This talk focuses on the theoretical analysis of electrical losses associated with electrically networking large numbers of TPV cells to produce high power TPV power generators.

DM DePoy; MW Dashiell; DD Rahner; LR Danielson; JE Oppenlander; JL Vell; RJ Wehrer

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

226

www.extension.ucdavis.edu/engineering Energy systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and geothermal energy systems. Small Wind Energy Systems: Overview .8 CEU. Receive the hands-on training you need to design the latest small wind energy sys- tems. This course brings together experts from the California Energy Commission, the California Wind Energy Collaborative and industry professionals to address

Thomases, Becca

227

Building for energy conservation. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: why conserve energy; energy usage in building; energy losses in buildings; climatic effects and considerations; improving the efficiency of buildings; and alternate sources.

Merton, R.E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Own Use of Fuel - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The process energy factors, Pi, are estimated from primary data on process energy use and fuel or feedstock output, at each stage. The conversion/loss factors, Ki ...

229

Appendix A Fact Sheets - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT2005) (Public Law 109-58) ... Interest Exclusion on Energy Facility Bonds, 1987 to 2012 (million nominal dollars) Revenue Loss

230

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

..) ".. ..) ".. _,; ,' . ' , ,; Depar?.me.nt ,of.' Energy Washington; DC 20585 : . ' , - $$ o"\ ' ~' ,' DEC ?;$ ;y4,,, ~ ' .~ The Honorable John Kalwitz , 200 E. Wells Street Milwaukee, W~isconsin 53202, . . i :. Dear,Mayor 'Kalwitz: " . " Secretary of Energy Hazel' O'Leary has announceha new,approach 'to,openness in " the Department of Ene~rgy (DOE) and its communications with'the public. In -. support of~this initiative, we areipleased to forward the enclosed information related to the Milwaukee Ai.rport site in your jurisdiction that performed work, for DOE orits predecessor agencies. information; use, and retention. ., This information .is provided for your '/ ,' DOE's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial:'Action~'Prog&is responsible for ,"'

231

Wind Energy Department Annual Progress Report 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy Department Annual Progress Report 2003 Edited by Birgitte D. Johansen and Ulla Riis Turbines (VIM) p. 36 Wind Energy Systems (VES) p. 41 Test and Measurements (TEM) p. 53 Sparkær Blade Test #12;Introduction The primary objective of the activities of the Wind Energy Department at Risø

232

A Rapid Loss Index for Tropical Cyclone Disasters in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disaster emergency response needs rapid estimation on disaster loss. In China it is of great importance to develop a loss index for rapidly assessing tropical cyclone (TC) disaster loss. In this paper, a new composite loss index for TC landing on China ... Keywords: Tropical Cyclone, Disaster, Loss Index, Rapid Loss Assessment

Ying Li; Weihua Fang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fit gives R- squared of 0.983. Standby losses (usage at zerowater in the tank); and standby losses (the constant lossesof hot water delivered + Standby losses) Total energy used

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Towards experimentally testing the paradox of black hole information loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information about the collapsed matter in a black hole will be lost if Hawking radiations are truly thermal. Recent studies discover that information can be transmitted from a black hole by Hawking radiations, due to their spectrum deviating from exact thermality when back reaction is considered. In this paper, we focus on the spectroscopic features of Hawking radiation from a Schwarzschild black hole, contrasting the differences between the nonthermal and thermal spectra. Of great interest, we find that the energy covariances of Hawking radiations for the thermal spectrum are exactly zero, while the energy covariances are non-trivial for the nonthermal spectrum. Consequently, the nonthermal spectrum can be distinguished from the thermal one by counting the energy covariances of successive emissions, which provides an avenue towards experimentally testing the long-standing "information loss paradox".

Zhang, Baocheng; Zhan, Ming-sheng; You, Li; 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.044006

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Indirect Determination of the 230Th(n,f) and 231Th(n,f) Cross Sections for Thorium-Based Nuclear Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Thorium-Based Nuclear Energy Systems B.L. Goldblum, 1for Thorium-Based Nuclear Energy Systems B.L. Goldblum, 1To the bene?t of future nuclear energy sys- tems, we present

Stroberg, S.R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Why Ť25?? and Y-12 mercury losses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"25"? and Y-12 mercury losses Recently I learned something new regarding the "shortcut names" or code names for uranium-235 and plutonium-239. It seems the codes used to discuss...

237

Corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines  

SciTech Connect

The problem related to the prediction of corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines has been solved, in the past, by means of semi-empirical monomial formulae. However, the proposed formulae that are simpler to use do not always give adequate calculation precision, while the formulae that provide the closest results require implicit functions of different complexity, which are difficult to apply; moreover, it is not possible to understand clearly what influence the variations of the different line parameters have on the losses themselves. The new monomial semi-empirical relationship, proposed to predict the corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines, is very simple to use; it highlights the dependence of power losses due to the corona effect by the different line parameters. The formula has been developed by elaborating a considerable amount of available experimental data.

Corbellini, U.; Pelacchi, P. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy). Dept. of Electric Systems and Automation

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Trough Receiver Heat Loss Testing (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes the design, fabrication, and qualification of an experimental capability for thermal loss testing of full-size trough receiver elements; and the testing on a variety of receivers.

Lewandowski, A.; Feik, C.; Hansen, R.; Phillips, S.; Bingham, C.; Netter, J.; Forristal, R.; Burkholder, F.; Meglan, B.; Wolfrum, E.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Mass-loss from Red Giants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although much is known about the nature of winds from hot stars and giants and supergiants with spectral types earlier than K, there is still much to be learned regarding the mass-loss process in cool, late-type stars. We will review the current state of research, with particular reference to observations and modelling of mass-loss from giant stars in symbiotic systems.

Brian Espey; Cian Crowley

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy Efficient Condensing Side-arm Gas Water Heater - Energy ...  

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and ... thereby eliminating standby energy losses that occur when heat is transferred from the hot water to ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nonlinear Dynamics and Energy Loss Mechanisms of ELMs (A25091)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. 32nd Euro. Conf. On Plasma Phys., Tarragona, Spain, 2005; General Atomics Report GA-A25091 (2005)32nd EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics Tarragona, ES, 2005999610795

Snyder, P.B.

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

242

Improving Diamagnetic Flux Temporal Resolution to Measure ELM Energy Loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 55, 130 (2010)52nd American Physical Society Annual Meeting of Division of Plasma Physics Chicago Illinois, US, 2010999618525

Sieck, P.E.

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

243

Heisenberg-limited estimation of losses with non-Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the estimation of the loss parameter of a bosonic channel probed by arbitrary signals. Unlike the optimal Gaussian probes, which can attain the ultimate bound on precision asymptotically either for very small or very large losses, we prove that Fock states at any fixed photon number saturate the bound unconditionally for any value of the loss. Photon counting is thus sufficient to obtain minimum-error estimation. In the relevant regime of low-energy probes, we demonstrate that physically realizable superpositions of the first low-lying Fock states yield an absolute improvement over any Gaussian probe. Such few-photon states can be recast quite generally as truncations of de-Gaussified photon subtracted states. Besides proving that truly optimal estimation of bosonic loss requires non-Gaussian signals for any energy of the probe signal, our results allow for a tangible technological simplification in implementing the optimal estimation strategy, compared to the quite demanding one required for Gauss...

Adesso, G; De Siena, S; Illuminati, F; Souza, L A M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Optimal estimation of losses at the ultimate quantum limit with non-Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the estimation of the loss parameter of a bosonic channel probed by arbitrary signals. Unlike the optimal Gaussian probes, which can attain the ultimate bound on precision asymptotically either for very small or very large losses, we prove that Fock states at any fixed photon number saturate the bound unconditionally for any value of the loss. In the relevant regime of low-energy probes, we demonstrate that superpositions of the first low-lying Fock states yield an absolute improvement over any Gaussian probe. Such few-photon states can be recast quite generally as truncations of de-Gaussified photon-subtracted states.

G. Adesso; F. Dell'Anno; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; L. A. M. Souza

2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

245

Determination of freeze-protection heat loss from a parabolic trough solar system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A small-scale experiment was undertaken to determine practical control temperatures for a parabolic trough, pulsed-flow water freeze-protection scheme. Measurements were also taken of heat loss from stagnant water in the absorber tube under freezing ambient conditions. Using the experimental data and data available from the literature, manipulation of long-term weather data provided estimates of annual thermal losses to prevent freezing. In a cold climate such as Denver, Colorado's, which typically has 155 freezing days per year, such losses should be less than 0.7% of the annual energy delivered by an efficient parabolic trough system.

May, E.K.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Loss tangent imaging: Theory and simulations of repulsive-mode tapping atomic force microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An expression for loss tangent measurement of a surface in amplitude modulation atomic force microscopy is derived using only the cantilever phase and the normalized cantilever amplitude. This provides a direct measurement of substrate compositional information that only requires tuning of the cantilever resonance to provide quantitative information. Furthermore, the loss tangent expression incorporates both the lost and stored energy into one term that represents a fundamental interpretation of the phase signal in amplitude modulation imaging. Numerical solutions of a cantilever tip interacting with a simple Voigt modeled surface agree with the derived loss tangent to within a few percent.

Proksch, Roger [Asylum Research, Santa Barbara, California 93117 (United States); Yablon, Dalia G. [ExxonMobil Research and Engineering, Annandale, New Jersey (United States)

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

247

Support vector machines with the ramp loss and the hard margin loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 4, 2008 ... Despite the fact that training SVM with the robust loss functions requires the solution of a quadratic mixed-integer program (QMIP) and is ...

248

Hubble Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light received from a cosmological source is redshifted with an apparent loss of energy, a problem first pointed out by Edwin Hubble in 1936. A new type of energy called Hubble Energy is introduced to restore the principle of energy conservation. The energy has no inertial or gravitational effect but retards radial motion in a manner consistent with the anomalous acceleration experienced by the Pioneer probes leaving the solar system. The energy is predicted to have important effects on the scale of galaxies, and some of these effects are qualitatively examined: for example, with Hubble Energy, flat rotation curves are found to be an inevitable consequence of spiral galaxy formation. The Hubble Energy is incorporated into the Friedmann Equation and shown to add a term similar to the cosmological term, with a magnitude of order 10^-35 s^-2.

Alasdair Macleod

2004-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Atom-molecule conversion with particle losses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the mean-field approximation and the phase space analysis, we study the dynamics of an atom-molecule conversion system subject to particle loss. Starting from the many-body dynamics described by a master equation, an effective nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation is introduced. The classical phase space is then specified and classified by fixed points. The boundary, which separate different dynamical regimes have been calculated and discussed. The effect of particle loss on the conversion efficiency and the self-trapping is explored.

B. Cui; L. C. Wang; X. X. Yi

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

AC Loss Measurements with a Cryocooled Sample  

SciTech Connect

A new cryostat cooled by a closed-cycle Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler for superconductor measurements at temperatures down to 20 K is described. The sample is conductively coupled to the cold stage so as to minimize vibration and thermal stresses. AC losses have been measured calorimetrically in several HTSC coils that have been wound to simulate sub-scale transformer winding pairs. Stable temperatures down to 20 K were reached on these coils, allowing measurements at practical levels of ac current and I{sub c}. By using short ac current pulses, losses on individual turns could be resolved. Results are reported mainly to showcase the apparatus, measurement procedure and analytical approach.

Schwenterly, S.W.

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Have Disaster Losses Increased Due to Anthropogenic Climate Change?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing impact of natural disasters over recent decades has been well documented, especially the direct economic losses and losses that were insured. Claims are made by some that climate change has caused more losses, but others assert ...

Laurens M. Bouwer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Trapped electron losses by interactions with coherent VLF waves  

SciTech Connect

VLF whistler waves from lightning enter the magnetosphere and cause the precipitation of energetic trapped electrons by pitch angle scattering. These events, known as Lightning-induced Electron Precipitation (LEP) have been detected by satellite and rocket instruments and by perturbations of VLF waves traveling in the earth-ionosphere waveguide. Detailed comparison of precipitating electron energy spectra and time dependence are in general agreement with calculations of trapped electron interactions with ducted whistler waves. In particular the temporal structure of the precipitation and the dynamic energy spectra of the electrons confirm this interpretation of the phenomena. There are discrepancies between observed and measured electron flux intensities and pitch angle distributions, but these quantities are sensitive to unknown wave intensities and trapped particle fluxes near the loss cone angle. The overall effect of lightning generated VLF waves on the lifetime of trapped electrons is still uncertain. The flux of electrons deflected into the bounce loss cone by a discrete whistler wave has been measured in a few cases. However, the area of the precipitation region is not known, and thus the total number of electrons lost in an LEP event can only be estimated. While the LEP events are dramatic, more important effects on trapped electrons may arise from the small but numerous deflections which increase the pitch angle diffusion rate of the electron population. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Walt, M.; Inan, U.S. [Space, Telecommunications and Radioscience Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States); Voss, H.D. [Lockheed Missiles and Space Co. (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for harmonization are standby losses, uniform endorsementthe three countries. a) Standby losses: Relevant activities:order on energy efficient standby power devices. The order

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho ... electrical system energy losses. ... includes industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) ...

255

ORNL analysis predicts losses from extreme weather damage could...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL analysis predicts losses from extreme weather damage could double by 2050 Researcher tackles unprecedented county-by-county economic loss forecast Research in impacts,...

256

Federal Offshore--Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Extraction Loss...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Pages: Extraction Loss of Natural Gas at Processing Plants (Summary) Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Plant Processing Extraction Loss of Natural Gas at...

257

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with 3 Blade Cascade with 3 - - D D Endwall Endwall Contouring Contouring...

258

South Dakota Natural Gas Extraction Loss (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Extraction Loss (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Extraction Loss (Million Cubic Feet) Decade...

259

On the reliability of mass-loss-rate estimates for AGB stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the recent literature there has been some doubt as to the reliability of CO multi-transitional line observations as a mass-loss-rate estimator for AGB stars. Mass-loss rates for 10 intermediate- to high-mass-loss-rate AGB stars are derived using a detailed non-LTE, non-local radiative transfer code based on the Monte-Carlo method to model the CO radio line intensities. The circumstellar envelopes are assumed to be spherically symmetric and formed by constant mass-loss rates. The energy balance is solved self-consistently and the effects of dust on the radiation field and thermal balance are included. An independent estimate of the mass-loss rate is also obtained from the combination of dust radiative transfer modelling with a dynamical model of the gas and dust particles. We find that the CO radio line intensities and shapes are successfully reproduced for the majority of our objects assuming a constant mass-loss rate. Moreover, the CO line intensities are only weakly dependent on the adopted micro-turbulent velocity, in contrast to recent claims in the literature. The two methods used in the present work to derive mass-loss-rates are consistent within a factor of ~3 for intermediate- to high-mass-loss-rate objects, indicating that this is a lower limit to the uncertainty in present mass-loss-rate estimates. We find a tentative trend with chemistry. Mass-loss rates from the dust/dynamical model are systematically higher than those from the CO model for the carbon stars and vice versa for the M-type stars. This could be ascribed to a discrepancy in the adopted CO/H_2-abundance ratio, but we caution that the sample is small and systematic errors cannot be excluded.

Sofia Ramstedt; Fredrik L. Schoeier; Hans Olofsson; Andreas A. Lundgren

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

260

Mobile device protection from loss and capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile devices play a critical role in assistive environments. How to authenticate and secure communications among them has become more important especially against loss and capture of the devices. In this paper, we present an approach to protect signing ... Keywords: assistive environment, authentication, digital signature, forward security, mobile device

Zhengyi Le; Yi Ouyang; Yurong Xu; Fillia Makedon

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Radiant energy collector. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cylindrical radiant energy collector is provided which includes a reflector spaced apart from an energy absorber. The reflector is of a particular shape which ideally eliminates gap losses.

McIntire, W.R.

1980-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006). Teaming Up To Save Energy US EPA, Washington DC (losses Total primary energy Source: U.S. Census (2004), U.S.plant’s total energy demand (U.S. DOE 2002a). Grinding. Most

Worrell, Ernst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wastes. Waste heat and waste energy utilization shall alsoto identify the sources of energy waste, material loss, andopportunities of reducing energy waste. The overlapping

Shen, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Reducing fischer-tropsch catalyst attrition losses in high ...  

Reducing fischer-tropsch catalyst attrition losses in high agitation reaction systems United States Patent

265

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging  

SciTech Connect

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging methods and apparatus are disclosed for producing three dimensional (3D) images of a target within a scene. Apparatus and methods according to the present invention comprise a light source providing at least three wavelengths (passbands) of illumination that are each loss modulated, phase delayed and simultaneously directed to illuminate the target. Phase delayed light backscattered from the target is spectrally filtered, demodulated and imaged by a planar detector array. Images of the intensity distributions for the selected wavelengths are obtained under modulated and unmodulated (dc) illumination of the target, and the information contained in the images combined to produce a 3D image of the target.

Sandusky, John V. (Albuquerque, NM); Pitts, Todd Alan (Rio Rancho, NM)

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

266

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging  

SciTech Connect

Scannerless loss modulated flash color range imaging methods and apparatus are disclosed for producing three dimensional (3D) images of a target within a scene. Apparatus and methods according to the present invention comprise a light source providing at least three wavelengths (passbands) of illumination that are each loss modulated, phase delayed and simultaneously directed to illuminate the target. Phase delayed light backscattered from the target is spectrally filtered, demodulated and imaged by a planar detector array. Images of the intensity distributions for the selected wavelengths are obtained under modulated and unmodulated (dc) illumination of the target, and the information contained in the images combined to produce a 3D image of the target.

Sandusky, John V. (Albuquerque, NM); Pitts, Todd Alan (Rio Rancho, NM)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

Scintillator Based Energetic Ion Loss Diagnostic for the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scintillator based energetic ion loss detector has been built and installed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) to measure the loss of neutral beam ions. The detector is able to resolve the pitch angle and gyroradius of the lost energetic ions. It has a wide acceptance range in pitch angle and energy, and is able to resolve the full, one-half, and one-third energy components of the 80 keV D neutral beams up to the maximum toroidal magnetic field of NSTX. Multiple Faraday cups have been embedded behind the scintillator to allow easy absolute calibration of the diagnostic and to measure the energetic ion loss to several ranges of pitch angle with good time resolution. Several small, vacuum compatible lamps allow simple calibration of the scintillator position within the field of view of the diagnostic's video camera.

D.S. Darrow

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

268

Recent Stirling engine loss - understanding results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For several years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and other US Government agencies have been funding experimental and analytical efforts to improve the understanding of Stirling thermodynamic losses. NASA`s objective is to improve Stirling engine design capability to support the development of new engines for space power. An overview of these efforts was last given at the 1988 IECEC. Recent results of this research are reviewed.

Tew, R.C.; Thieme, L.G.; Dudenhoefer, J.E.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Information Loss in Black Hole Evaporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parikh-Wilczek tunnelling framework is investigated again. We argue that Parikh-Wilczek's treatment, which satisfies the first law of black hole thermodynamics and consists with an underlying unitary theory, is only suitable for a reversible process. Because of the negative heat capacity, an evaporating black hole is a highly unstable system. That is, the factual emission process is irreversible, the unitary theory will not be satisfied and the information loss is possible.

Jingyi Zhang; Yapeng Hu; Zheng Zhao

2005-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

Sirius A: turbulence or mass loss?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Abundance anomalies observed in a fraction of A and B stars of both Pop I and II are apparently related to internal particle transport. Aims. Using available constraints from Sirius A, we wish to determine how well evolutionary models including atomic diffusion can explain observed abundance anomalies when either turbulence or mass loss is used as the main competitor to atomic diffusion. Methods. Complete stellar evolution models, including the effects of atomic diffusion and radiative accelerations, have been computed from the zero age main-sequence of 2.1M\\odot stars for metallicities of Z0 = 0.01 \\pm 0.001 and shown to agree with the observed parameters of Sirius A. Surface abundances were predicted for three values of the mass loss rate and for four values of the mixed surface zone. Results. A mixed mass of ~ 10^-6 M\\odot or a mass loss rate of 10^-13 M\\odot/yr were determined through comparison with observations. Of the 17 abundances determined observationally which are included in our calculati...

Michaud, G; Vick, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be wind energy. Transmission and line losses, however,plus the cost of transmission and line losses to deliver themay be substantial, transmission and line loss costs only

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ris Energy Report 5 Biomass biomass is one of few non-fluctuating renewable energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø Energy Report 5 Biomass 6.2 biomass is one of few non-fluctuating renewable energy resources- tem. Alongside stored hydro and geothermal, this sets biomass apart from most other renewables such as wind power, which must be used when available. A proportion of biomass is therefore attractive

273

Beam Loss Studies for Rare Isotope Driver Linacs Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fortran 90 RIAPMTQ/IMPACT code package is a pair of linked beam-dynamics simulation codes that have been developed for end-to-end computer simulations of multiple-charge-state heavy-ion linacs for future exotic-beam facilities. These codes have multiple charge-state capability, and include space-charge forces. The simulations can extend from the low-energy beam-transport line after an ECR ion source to the end of the linac. The work has been performed by a collaboration including LANL, LBNL, ANL, and MSU. The code RIAPMTQ simulates the linac front-end beam dynamics including the LEBT, RFQ, and MEBT. The code IMPACT simulates the beam dynamics of the main superconducting linac. The codes have been benchmarked for rms beam properties against previously existing codes at ANL and MSU. The codes allow high-statistics runs on parallel supercomputing platforms, particularly at NERSC at LBNL, for studies of beam losses. The codes also run on desktop PC computers for low-statistics work. The code package is described in more detail in a recent publication [1] in the Proceedings of PAC07 (2007 US Particle Accelerator Conference). In this report we describe the main activities for the FY07 beam-loss studies project using this code package.

Wangler, T P; Kurennoy, S S; Billen, J H; Crandall, K R; Qiang, J; Ryne, R D; Mustapha, B; Ostroumov, P; Zhao, Q; York, and R. C.

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

274

Casimir forces in multilayer magnetodielectrics with both gain and loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A path-integral approach to the quantization of the electromagnetic field in a linearly amplifying magnetodielectric medium is presented. Two continua of inverted harmonic oscillators are used to describe the polarizability and magnetizability of the amplifying medium. The causal susceptibilities of the amplifying medium, with negative imaginary parts in finite frequency intervals, are identified and their relationships to microscopic coupling functions are determined. By carefully relating the two-point functions of the field theory to the optical Green functions, we calculate the Casimir energy and Casimir forces for a multilayer magnetodielectric medium with both gain and loss. We point out the essential differences with a purely passive layered medium. For a single layer, we find different bounds on the Casimir force for fully amplifying and for lossy media. The force is attractive in both cases, even if the medium exhibits negative refraction. From our Lagrangian we also derive by canonical quantization the postulates of the phenomenological theory of amplifying magnetodielectrics.

Amooghorban, Ehsan [Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens. Lyngby (Denmark); Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jarib Avenue, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Wubs, Martijn; Mortensen, N. Asger [Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens. Lyngby (Denmark); Kheirandish, Fardin [Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jarib Avenue, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance May 2002 Prepared by S. M. Chin O. Franzese D. L. Greene H. L. Hwang Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee R. C. Gibson The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov

276

High temperature elemental losses and mineralogical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

future energy crops. Combustion in biomass fueled boilers,in ash during combustion of biomass fuels is important forC. Combustion characteristics of high alkali biomass. Final

Thy, P.; Jenkins, B. M.; Grundvig, S.; Shiraki, R.; Lesher, C. E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

System Losses and Assessment Trade Study  

SciTech Connect

This Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) study has developed new analysis methods to examine old and new technology options toward the goal of improving fuel cycle systems. We have integrated participants and information from AFCI Systems Analysis, Transmutation Fuels, Separations, and Waste Form Campaigns in the Systems Losses and Assessment Trade Study. The initial objectives of this study were to 1) increase understanding of system interdependencies and thereby identify system trade-offs that may yield important insights, 2) define impacts of separations product purity on fuel manufacture and transmutation reactivity, 3) define impacts from transuranic (TRU) losses to waste, 4) identify the interrelationships involved in fuels and separations technology performance, and 5) identify system configuration adjustments with the greatest potential for influencing system losses. While bounding and analyzing this initial problem, we also identified significantly higher-level programmatic drivers with broad implications to the current fuel cycle research charter and the general issue of a DOE complex wide need for a comprehensive and integrated nuclear material management as addressed by the new DOE Order 410.2 titled “Management of Nuclear Materials”. The initial modeling effort developed in this study for a much smaller subset of material (i.e., commercial fuel) and a selected transmutation scheme (i.e., fast reactor recycling) is a necessary first step towards examining a broader set of nuclear material management options, dispositioning strategies and integrated waste management options including potential areas of research leverage. The primary outcome from this initial study has been an enhanced integration among Campaigns and associated insights and analysis methods. Opportunities for improved understanding between the groups abound. The above lanthanide-actinide example highlights the importance of evaluating options via integration across the Campaigns. Plans for Fiscal Year 2010 are being made in a coordinated fashion such that the knowledge gained from the research performed by the Campaigns can benefit on-going work of the study, and that improved understanding of the system relationships can be used to guide the specific research and development (R&D) activities within the Campaigns. In FY-10, the System Losses and Assessment Trade Study will carry-over activities from FY-09. We will continue to refine impurity and loss estimates and impurity limits on fuels by incorporating results from ongoing R&D. And we will begin work on an enhanced nuclear material management model to allow us to continue to improve our overall system understanding of the trade-offs between separations, fuel fabrication, waste forms, waste disposition, SNM losses, reactor performance, and proliferation resistance. In the future, we can also better understand how used fuel and other forms of remote-handled SNM can be better integrated into an overall nuclear material management program that will evolve for the DOE complex via Order 410.2 (DOE 2009).

David Shropshire; Steve Piet; Nick Soelberg; Robert Cherry; Roger Henry; David Meikrantz; Greg Teske; Eric Shaber; Candido Pereira

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Clean Energy in the news | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency of buildings is through energy models that simulate various aspects such as power, cooling, and heat loss through windows. Until now, however, building accurate models...

279

Advanced Cables and Conductors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(HTS) wires that have 100 times the capacity of conventional wires without energy loss due to electrical resistance. One of the challenges with this technology has been to...

280

On the mechanisms of transport losses in high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Monte Carlo simulations of a high-temperature superconductor carrying an alternating transport current have been performed. The influence of defect concentration and external magnetic field on the transport energy losses is investigated. We show that there are two components of the losses in a superconductor carrying an alternating transport current: a hysteresis component related to the superconductor remagnetization by the self-current field and a dynamic component related to the steady flow of vortices-antivortices and their annihilation in the superconductor.

Odintsov, D. S., E-mail: dodintsov@mail.ru; Rudnev, I. A., E-mail: iarudnev@mephi.ru; Kashurnikov, V. A. [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University) (Russian Federation)], E-mail: kashur@rol.ru

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution of Nanostructured Silicon/Carbon Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that upon lithiation both crystalline and amorphous Si transform to a armorphous LixSi phase, which subsequently crystallizes to a (Li, Si) crystalline compound, either Li15Si or Li22Si5. Up to date, the detailed atomistic mechanism of this phase transformation, and degradation process in nanostructured Si, are not fully understood. Here, we report the microstructural evolution and phase transformation characteristic of a specially designed amorphous silicon (a-Si) coated carbon nanofiber (CNF) composite during charge/discharge process using in-situ TEM and density function theory molecular dynamic (DFT-MD) calculation. We found that the crystallization of Li15Si4 from amorphous LixSi is a spontaneous, congruent phase transition process without phase separation or large scale atomic motion, which is drastically different from what is expected from a classic nucleation and growth process. The a-Si layer is strongly bonded to the CNF and no spallation or cracking is observed during the early stages of cyclic charge/discharge. Reversible volume expansion/contraction upon charge/discharge is fully accommodated along the radial direction. However, with progressive cycling, damage in the form of surface roughness was gradually accumulated on the coating layer, which is believed to be the mechanism for the eventual capacity fade of the composite anode during long term charge/discharge cycling.

Wang, Chong M.; Li, Xiaolin; Wang, Zhiguo; Xu, Wu; Liu, Jun; Gao, Fei; Kovarik, Libor; Zhang, Jiguang; Howe, Jane; Burton, David J.; Liu, Zhongyi; Xiao, Xingcheng; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Baer, Donald R.

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

282

An overview of MHD seawater thruster performance and loss mechanisms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Loss mechanisms affecting the performance of an MHD seawater thruster system have ben identified and discussed. Among those losses are the jet and nozzle losses, joule heating losses, surface potential and electro-chemical losses, frictional losses, and electrical end losses. Simple, but accurate, models have seen used to assess the relative and absolute magnitude of these losses and to investigate their influence on the overall thruster efficiency. A parametric study has been performed for a generic full size seawater vehicle propelled by an MHD thruster at different operating conditions. The results of this study confirm that higher efficiencies can be achieved at high magnetic field strengths (> 10 Tesla). Furthermore, the results indicate that higher efficiencies can be maintained over a wide range of cruising speeds (2--20 m/s or 4--40 knots) at higher magnetic fields (20 Tesla).

Doss, E.D.; Geyer, H.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

An overview of MHD seawater thruster performance and loss mechanisms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Loss mechanisms affecting the performance of an MHD seawater thruster system have ben identified and discussed. Among those losses are the jet and nozzle losses, joule heating losses, surface potential and electro-chemical losses, frictional losses, and electrical end losses. Simple, but accurate, models have seen used to assess the relative and absolute magnitude of these losses and to investigate their influence on the overall thruster efficiency. A parametric study has been performed for a generic full size seawater vehicle propelled by an MHD thruster at different operating conditions. The results of this study confirm that higher efficiencies can be achieved at high magnetic field strengths (> 10 Tesla). Furthermore, the results indicate that higher efficiencies can be maintained over a wide range of cruising speeds (2--20 m/s or 4--40 knots) at higher magnetic fields (20 Tesla).

Doss, E.D.; Geyer, H.K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Gene family evolution by duplication, speciation and loss - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase of the lower bound. Let S = {S1,...,Sk} be a set .... (expected number of event by million years) and a gene loss rate of 0.02. We chose a gene gain/loss ...

285

Loss Mechanisms and High Power Piezoelectric Components - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2006 ... Loss Mechanisms and High Power Piezoelectric Components ... we demonstrated high power multilayer piezoelectric transformers with Cu or ...

286

Characterizing Shading Losses on Partially Shaded PV Systems (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on shaded PV power loss, practical issues with modeling shaded PV, and methods of implementing partially shaded PV modeling.

Deline, C.

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

287

Lightweighting Impacts on Fuel Economy, Cost, and Component Losses  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Future Automotive Systems Technology Simulator (FASTSim) is the U.S. Department of Energy's high-level vehicle powertrain model developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. It uses a time versus speed drive cycle to estimate the powertrain forces required to meet the cycle. It simulates the major vehicle powertrain components and their losses. It includes a cost model based on component sizing and fuel prices. FASTSim simulated different levels of lightweighting for four different powertrains: a conventional gasoline engine vehicle, a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), and a battery electric vehicle (EV). Weight reductions impacted the conventional vehicle's efficiency more than the HEV, PHEV and EV. Although lightweighting impacted the advanced vehicles' efficiency less, it reduced component cost and overall costs more. The PHEV and EV are less cost effective than the conventional vehicle and HEV using current battery costs. Assuming the DOE's battery cost target of $100/kWh, however, the PHEV attained similar cost and lightweighting benefits. Generally, lightweighting was cost effective when it costs less than $6/kg of mass eliminated.

Brooker, A. D.; Ward, J.; Wang, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Analysis of technical loss in distribution line system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was aimed to present Technical loss analysis in Hatyai of Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA). This Analysis used calculation and PSS/Adept program. For considering the technical loss in distribution system included: transmission line ... Keywords: PSS/Adept program, technical loss, three phase power flow

Narong Mungkung; Nittaya Gomurut; Tanes Tanitteerapan; Somchai Arunrungrusmi; Weerachai Chaokumnerd; Toshifumi Yuji

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Ac loss calorimeter for three-phase cable  

SciTech Connect

A calorimeter for measuring ac losses in meter-long lengths of HTS superconducting power transmission line cables is described. The calorimeter, which is based on a temperature difference technique, has a precision of 1 mW and measures single, two-phase (coupling), and three-phase losses. The measurements show significant coupling losses between phases.

Daney, D.E.; Boenig, H.J.; Maley, M.P.; McMurry, D.E.; DeBlanc, B.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Superconductivity Technology Center

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Alison R. Lee1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids (EETs) Alison R. Lee1. , Angela S. Pechenino1 loss, caused by menopause, and aging have inflammatory consequences. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases. We hypothesized that aging and estrogen loss would reduce levels of anti

Hammock, Bruce D.

291

Quantum cryptographic system with reduced data loss  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secure method for distributing a random cryptographic key with reduced data loss. Traditional quantum key distribution systems employ similar probabilities for the different communication modes and thus reject at least half of the transmitted data. The invention substantially reduces the amount of discarded data (those that are encoded and decoded in different communication modes e.g. using different operators) in quantum key distribution without compromising security by using significantly different probabilities for the different communication modes. Data is separated into various sets according to the actual operators used in the encoding and decoding process and the error rate for each set is determined individually. The invention increases the key distribution rate of the BB84 key distribution scheme proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984. Using the invention, the key distribution rate increases with the number of quantum signals transmitted and can be doubled asymptotically.

Lo, Hoi-Kwong (1309, Low Block, Lei Moon House Ap Lei Chau Estate, Hong Kong, HK); Chau, Hoi Fung (Flat C, 42nd Floor, Tower 1, University Heights 23 Pokfield Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, HK)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Quantum cryptographic system with reduced data loss  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secure method for distributing a random cryptographic key with reduced data loss is disclosed. Traditional quantum key distribution systems employ similar probabilities for the different communication modes and thus reject at least half of the transmitted data. The invention substantially reduces the amount of discarded data (those that are encoded and decoded in different communication modes e.g. using different operators) in quantum key distribution without compromising security by using significantly different probabilities for the different communication modes. Data is separated into various sets according to the actual operators used in the encoding and decoding process and the error rate for each set is determined individually. The invention increases the key distribution rate of the BB84 key distribution scheme proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984. Using the invention, the key distribution rate increases with the number of quantum signals transmitted and can be doubled asymptotically. 23 figs.

Lo, H.K.; Chau, H.F.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

293

A red supergiant nebula at 25 micron: arcsecond scale mass-loss asymmetries of mu Cep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present diffraction limited (0.6") 24.5micron Subaru/COMICS images of the red supergiant mu Cep. We report the detection of a circumstellar nebula, that was not detected at shorter wavelengths. It extends to a radius of at least 6" in the thermal infrared. On these angular scales, the nebula is roughly spherical, in contrast, it displays a pronounced asymmetric morphology closer in. We simultaneously model the azimuthally averaged intensity profile of the nebula and the observed spectral energy distribution using spherical dust radiative transfer models. The models indicate a constant mass-loss process over the past 1000 years, for mass-loss rates a few times 10^(-7) Msun/yr. This work supports the idea that at least part of the asymmetries in shells of evolved massive stars and supernovae may be due to the mass-loss process in the red supergiant phase.

W. J. de Wit; R. D. Oudmaijer; T. Fujiyoshi; M. G. Hoare; M. Honda; H. Kataza; T. Miyata; Y. K. Okamoto; T. Onaka; S. Sako; T. Yamashita

2008-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

294

Robust-to-loss entanglement generation using a quantum plasmonic nanoparticle array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a scheme for generating entanglement between two quantum dots using a plasmonic waveguide made from an array of metal nanoparticles. We show that the scheme is robust to loss, enabling it to work over long distance plasmonic nanoparticle arrays, as well as in the presence of other imperfections such as the detuning of the energy levels of the quantum dots. The scheme represents an alternative strategy to the previously introduced dissipative driven schemes for generating entanglement in plasmonic systems. Here, the entanglement is generated by using dipole-induced interference effects and detection-based postselection. Thus, contrary to the widely held view that loss is major problem for quantum plasmonic systems, we provide a robust-to-loss entanglement generation scheme that could be used as a versatile building block for quantum state engineering and control at the nanoscale.

Changhyoup Lee; Mark Tame; Changsuk Noh; James Lim; Stefan A. Maier; Jinhyoung Lee; Dimitris G. Angelakis

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

295

BEAM LOSS MITIGATION IN THE OAK RIDGE SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accelerator complex routinely delivers 1 MW of beam power to the spallation target. Due to this high beam power, understanding and minimizing the beam loss is an ongoing focus area of the accelerator physics program. In some areas of the accelerator facility the equipment parameters corresponding to the minimum loss are very different from the design parameters. In this presentation we will summarize the SNS beam loss measurements, the methods used to minimize the beam loss, and compare the design vs. the loss-minimized equipment parameters.

Plum, Michael A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Energy Model Development and Heating Energy Investigation of the Nested Thermal Envelope Design (NTED (tm)).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Space heating accounts for approximately 60% of residential energy use in Canada. Minimizing envelope heat losses is one approach to reducing this percentage. Preliminary research… (more)

DIxon, Erin Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Significant opportunities exist for improving energy efficiency in U.S. manufacturing. A first step in realizing these opportunities is to identify how industry is using energy. Where does it come from? What form is it in? Where is it used? How much is lost? Answering these questions is the focus of this paper and the analysis described herein. Manufacturing energy and carbon footprints map energy consumption and losses, as well as greenhouse gas emissions, for the fifteen most energy intensive manufacturing sectors, and for the entire U.S. manufacturing sector. Analysts and decision-makers utilize the footprints to better understand the distribution of energy use in energy-intensive industries and the accompanying energy losses. The footprints provide a benchmark from which to calculate the benefits of improving energy efficiency and for prioritizing opportunity analysis. A breakdown of energy consumption by energy type and end use allows for comparison both within and across sectors.

Brueske, S.; Lorenz, T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Efficiency Energy Efficiency From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. Every year, much of the energy the U.S. consumes is wasted through transmission, heat loss and inefficient technology -- costing American families and businesses money, and leading to increased carbon pollution. Energy efficiency is one of the easiest and most cost effective ways to combat climate change, clean the air we breathe, improve the competitiveness of our businesses and reduce energy costs for consumers.

299

Shared-savings cuts hotel's losses from EMS removal  

SciTech Connect

A shared-savings contract will minimize the Myrtle Beach, SC Downtown Holiday Inn's losses of replacing a poorly performing Energy Master energy-management system with Scientific Atlanta equipment. The contract with Energy Master Inc. (EMI), which saved Holiday Inn the $80,000 to $90,000 purchase price, also permitted removal (a year after installation) of the equipment when it failed to generate energy savings. A dispute between Associated Energy Consultants (AEC), which was to receive half the savings in exchange for arranging the equipment financing, is described. At $51,745, the 262-point Scientific Atlanta system should have a 1.7-year payback. The hotel's electric bills were $2000 a month lower during the first three months of operation. (DCK)

Galvin, C.

1982-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

Detonation propagation in a high loss configuration  

SciTech Connect

This work presents an experimental study of detonation wave propagation in tubes with inner diameters (ID) comparable to the mixture cell size. Propane-oxygen mixtures were used in two test section tubes with inner diameters of 1.27 mm and 6.35 mm. For both test sections, the initial pressure of stoichiometric mixtures was varied to determine the effect on detonation propagation. For the 6.35 mm tube, the equivalence ratio {phi} (where the mixture was {phi} C{sub 3}H{sub 8} + 50{sub 2}) was also varied. Detonations were found to propagate in mixtures with cell sizes as large as five times the diameter of the tube. However, under these conditions, significant losses were observed, resulting in wave propagation velocities as slow as 40% of the CJ velocity U{sub CJ}. A review of relevant literature is presented, followed by experimental details and data. Observed velocity deficits are predicted using models that account for boundary layer growth inside detonation waves.

Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shepherd, Joseph E [CALTECH

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Process Refinements - Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses Motor fuel may be lost by leakage from storage tanks, spillage, fire, or other means; in addition, measurement differences brought about by temperature or other conditions and meter faults can result in apparent losses. Because this lost fuel is neither consumed on the highway nor used for off-highway purposes, it presents a problem for determining the appropriate base for taxation. In the past, FHWA allowed States to report actual losses or a percentage loss, which was capped at 1%. Usage data for States that did not report losses were not adjusted by FHWA to account for losses. In addition, diesel losses were not considered significant and were not counted. During the reassessment meetings and in the Federal Register notice of August 17, 2000, it was recommended that actual diesel losses also be documented and reported. However, because diesel reporting accounts for actual on-highway fuel use, a reporting of diesel losses is unnecessary.

302

Transmission System: Loss Reduction and Utilization Enhancement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI R&D program 172Efficient Transmission Systems for a Carbon-Constrained Worldcomprises base research activities and a series of demonstration projects under the collaborative efforts led by EPRI, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and the transmission industry. The program's goal is to understand, through real-life examples, designs that can help build a more efficient transmission system. Base research and development activities under program P172 have set the foundation for the demons...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

The dissipative effect of thermal radiation loss in high-temperature dense plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dynamical model based on the two-fluid dynamical equations with energy generation and loss is obtained and used to investigate the self-generated magnetic fields in high-temperature dense plasmas such as the solar core. The self-generation of magnetic fields might be looked at as a self-organization-type behavior of stochastic thermal radiation fields, as expected for an open dissipative system according to Prigogine's theory of dissipative structures.

L. H. Li; H. Q. Zhang

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

About: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades Two photos side by side showing energy loss through the use of infrared technology. As part of a home energy evaluation, an energy professional can use an infrared camera to pinpoint where air leaks and drafts are occurring in your home or building. Although normally difficult to see, these infrared photos clearly show in color where energy losses are occurring in a typical house. How We Use Energy in Our Buildings How We Use Energy in Our Homes (% of Energy Consumption) A pie chart illustrating the following breakdown: Space heating 43%, space cooling 9.7%, water heating 17.1%, lighting 6.2%, refrigeration 3.9%, electronics 3%, wet cleaning 3.2%, cooking 3.1%, computers 1.6%. Source: 2010 Buildings Energy Data Book, Table 2.1.6

305

Table 2.1d Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

System Energy Losses 12: Total: Fossil Fuels: Renewable Energy 2: Total Primary: Coal: Coal Coke Net Imports: Natural Gas 3: ... 8 Photovoltaic (PV) electricity net ...

306

Shoreline erosion and wetland loss in Mississippi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Set within a geologic framework that includes Pleistocene and Holocene barrier complexes, estuarine bays, and fluvio-deltaic tidal wetlands, coastal Mississippi shares environmental problems of shoreline erosion and wetland loss with her neighboring Gulf Coast states. The mainland coast consists of several Pleistocene headlands and barrier complexes interspersed with the St. Louis Bay and Back Bay of Biloxi estuaries. Tidal wetlands are found in the protected bays and tributary streams, as well as in the Pleistocene/Holocene deltaic environments associated with the Escatawpa, Pascagoula, Pearl, and Mississippi fluvial systems. Four barrier islands, formed by erosion and modification of a late Pleistocene/Holocene beach ridge, lie 6 to 12 mi offshore. Historically, these islands with a combined length of 30 mi have both migrated westward in response to prevailing longshore currents and also transgressed across the shallow platform of Mississippi Sound. Wave erosion, both normal and storm-induced, has historically caused shoreline retreat on both the barrier islands and on the mainland. Erosion rates in excess of 30 ft/yr have been measured at the updrift ends of the barrier islands while accretion has characterized the downdrift ends. Net shoreline retreat rates of 6 ft/yr have been measured on the Gulf side of the islands, although the Sound side rates are nearly as high. Since the earliest accurate maps were made in 1848, Mississippi's barrier islands have experienced a 20% reduction in area, amounting to about 2,000 acres (800 ha). Mainland shoreline retreat rates are similarly high, except for along the more stable and now artificially nourished beaches of Harrison County. Erosion rates exceeding 10 ft/yr since 1940 have been noted at the Point aux Chenes headland and the Grand Batture Islands. These islands, which formerly sheltered valuable oyster grounds and protected fragile marshes, have been reduced to shoals over the last several decades.

Meyer-Arendt, K.J. (Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State (USA)); Gazzier, C.A.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss Printer-Friendly PDF Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss By Joanne Shore and John Hackworth1 Introduction The loss of almost 3 million barrels per day of crude oil production in Venezuela following a strike in December 2002 resulted in an increase in the world price of crude oil. However, in the short term, the volume loss probably affected the United States more than most other areas. This country receives more than half of Venezuela's crude and product exports, and replacing the lost volumes proved difficult. U.S. imports of Venezuelan crude oil dropped significantly in December 2002 relative to other years

308

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Station #20 g Network- $15,000 183 Alternative Energy Sys Consulting, Inc. tems Three ABB/RWE DC Fast Enabled DC Fast Charging w Storage - 3450 Overland Avenue, Los A ith Energy ngeles $132,038 23 Smart Grid Enabled DC Fast Charging w Storage - 7858 Van Nuys Boulevard, Va ith Energy n Nuys $130,938 24 Smart Grid

309

Energy Audit Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tools (equipment) needed to perform an energy audit include those items which assist the auditor in measuring the energy used by equipment or lost in inefficiency. Each tool is designed for a specific measurement. They can be inexpensive simple tools or expensive technically complex or multifunctional tools. In general, tools are needed which measure light, temperature and humidity, electricity, air flow, heat loss, and general energy information.

Phillips, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Real time loss detection for SNM in process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the basis of a design for real time special nuclear material (SNM) loss detectors. The design utilizes process measurements and signal processing techniques to produce a timely estimate of material loss. A state estimator is employed as the primary signal processing algorithm. Material loss is indicated by changes in the states or process innovations (residuals). The design philosophy is discussed in the context of these changes.

Candy, J.V.; Dunn, D.R.; Gavel, D.T.

1980-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

311

Impacts of Substation Transformer and Bus Configuration on Distribution Losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technical losses on Electricit de France (EDF) distribution networks are annually estimated at about 18 TWh. Since the costs for these losses are ultimately covered by the end-use tariff paid by the customers, EDF has many reasons to find a way to reduce them, including the desire to increase customer satisfaction, meet commitments for sustainable development, and anticipate future regulatory requirements. EDF has identified two main ways to reduce losses on distribution systems: developing new rules...

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

312

Plasma end-loss studies on Scylla I-C  

SciTech Connect

The end-loss process in the collision dominated Scylla I-C plasma has been investigated with a local pressure sensitive diagnostic, integrated density measurement and axially arrayed diamagnetic loop probes. The development of a plasma loss orifice, well within the theta-pinch coil, has been identified. The magnitude of the observed orifice is found to be in excellent agreement with that predicted from collisional MHD theories. The axially flowing plasma is well confined until it flows through the loss orifice. After passing through the orifice, rapid axial expansion is observed. An indication of the existence of inward traveling rarefaction waves has been observed from the plasma midplane temperature data; an abrupt decrease in the plasma temperature at t approximately equal to 6.5 ..mu..s corresponds to the predicted time of arrival of rarefaction waves at the coil midplane. The plasma loss rate derived from the pressure data indicates an initial period (t < 4 ..mu..s) of rapid particle loss followed by a period (t > 4 ..mu..s) of gradual decay in the loss rate. This initial period of high loss rate is predicted from the MHD flow theories when the measured, time dependent plasma parameters are substituted into the analytical models. The loss rate determined from the end-on interferograms does not respond to the detailed structure of the plasma loss process.

McKenna, K.F.; York, T.M.

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Extraction Loss of Natural Gas at Processing Plants (Summary...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Extraction Loss Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area...

314

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Control Strategy Based on Power Loss Calculations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Defining an operation strategy for a Split Parallel Architecture (SPA) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is accomplished through calculating powertrain component losses. The results of these… (more)

Boyd, Steven J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Analysis of beam loss induced abort kicker instability  

SciTech Connect

Through more than a decade of operation, we have noticed the phenomena of beam loss induced kicker instability in the RHIC beam abort systems. In this study, we analyze the short term beam loss before abort kicker pre-fire events and operation conditions before capacitor failures. Beam loss has caused capacitor failures and elevated radiation level concentrated at failed end of capacitor has been observed. We are interested in beam loss induced radiation and heat dissipation in large oil filled capacitors and beam triggered thyratron conduction. We hope the analysis result would lead to better protection of the abort systems and improved stability of the RHIC operation.

Zhang W.; Sandberg, J.; Ahrens, L.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Mi, J.; Pai, C.; Tan, Y.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

316

Mitigating greenhouse gas and nitrogen loss with improved fertilizer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

impacts on greenhouse gas (GHG) emission, N loss and economic implication are rarely analysed. A decision support system (DSS) has been developed to.

317

Scientific assessment of coastal wetland loss, restoration and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Scientific assessment of coastal wetland loss, restoration and management in Louisiana. [Donald F Boesch; Louisiana State ...

318

Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Trends and causes of historical wetland loss in coastal Louisiana. [Julie Christine Bernier; Geological Survey (U.S.),

319

Abatement of wetland loss in Louisiana through diversions of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Abatement of wetland loss in Louisiana through diversions of Mississippi River water using siphons. [David W Roberts; ...

320

Primary causes of wetland loss at Madison Bay, Terrebonne ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Get this from a library! Primary causes of wetland loss at Madison Bay, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. [Robert A Morton; Ginger Tiling; Nicholas F ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining - ResearchGate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining. Albert J. Dijkstra. Journal of Oil & Fat Industries (Impact ... Experiments with cotton oil and soybean o ...

322

UPDATE: Oil set for longest weekly loss streak since 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

UPDATE: Oil set for longest weekly loss streak since 1998,Read most current stock market news, Get stock, fund, etf analyst reports from an ...

323

IMPACT Loss Prevention Software - Syntex Management Systems, Inc.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Developed by Houston's Syntex Management Systems, IMPACT Loss Prevention Software is quickly becoming a standard in the oil and gas industry

324

Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 12, 259295, 2009 AN ESTIMATION OF SENSOR ENERGY CONSUMP-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that minimizes energy dissipation. As in [25], we assume a symmetric radio channel making the energy needed). where Vsup is the supply voltage. 2.2. Sensor Logging Sensor logging consumes energy used for reading b-controller, is attributed to two components: energy loss from switching, Eswitch, and energy loss due to leakage current

Halgamuge, Malka N.

325

Energy Basics: Tidal Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

326

Energy Basics: Wave Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

327

Energy guides | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track, and benchmark Improve energy performance ENERGY STAR industrial partnership Energy guides Energy efficiency and air regulation Plant energy auditing Industrial...

328

Energy News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2010 8, 2010 Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for violations of DOE's worker safety and health regulations with a proposed civil penalty of $70,000. The violations are associated with an October 6, 2009, hand injury event that occurred while a Parsons worker was performing crane lubrication on a moving cable at the Salt Waste Processing Facility at DOE's Savannah River Site, resulting in the loss of three fingers. October 8, 2010 Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for Worker Safety and Health Violations

329

Energy Management of Steam Distribution Systems Through Energy Audits and Computerized Reporting Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"This presentation will highlight the economic losses associated with steam distribution systems and how to establish good energy management programs to reduce energy cost by 15 to 25 percent. Recognizing energy losses in steam systems involves: 1. Steam lost through defective valves, fittings and traps. 2. Loss through damaged or inefficient insulation. 3. Energy loss through misapplication of steam traps and improper piping practices. Energy management programs will cover steam energy auditing and computerized reporting systems that are proven methods of conserving energy and substantially reducing costs. Typical savings of a facility with 1,000 traps could exceed $300,000.00 annually. The use of computerized reporting systems can be a valuable tool in establishing good energy management practices and preventive maintenance programs. The reasons why, and the methods of how a computer aided preventive maintenance program can be established will be presented "

Rivers, N.; Mandzuk, N.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

22 IEEE power & energy magazine march/april 2011 THE SECURITY OF ENERGY SUP-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a continuous energy supply, but our complete style of living collapses when energy fails. Surges in fuel prices to their energy supply infrastructure and at times to their economic devel- opment, in addition to the loss22 IEEE power & energy magazine march/april 2011 T THE SECURITY OF ENERGY SUP- ply has become

Rudnick, Hugh

331

THE BAHADUR EFFICIENCY FOR ENERGY DETECTION OF STATIONARY GAUSSIAN PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

validates our asymptotic analysis in the finite sample regime. Index Terms- Energy detection, Bahadur is not optimal in gen- eral. Thus, the analysis of the loss or limitation of energy detec- tion compared of energy detection with noise variance uncertainty [3]. In particular, the analysis of per- formance loss

Sung, Youngchul

332

Global crop yield losses from recent warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global yields of the world-s six most widely grown crops--wheat, rice, maize, soybeans, barley, sorghum--have increased since 1961. Year-to-year variations in growing season minimum temperature, maximum temperature, and precipitation explain 30% or more of the variations in yield. Since 1991, climate trends have significantly decreased yield trends in all crops but rice, leading to foregone production since 1981 of about 12 million tons per year of wheat or maize, representing an annual economic loss of $1.2 to $1.7 billion. At the global scale, negative impacts of climate trends on crop yields are already apparent. Annual global temperatures have increased by {approx}0.4 C since 1980, with even larger changes observed in several regions (1). While many studies have considered the impacts of future climate changes on food production (2-5), the effects of these past changes on agriculture remain unclear. It is likely that warming has improved yields in some areas, reduced them in others, and had negligible impacts in still others; the relative balance of these effects at the global scale is unknown. An understanding of this balance would help to anticipate impacts of future climate changes, as well as to more accurately assess recent (and thereby project future) technologically driven yield progress. Separating the contribution of climate from concurrent changes in other factors--such as crop cultivars, management practices, soil quality, and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) levels--requires models that describe the response of yields to climate. Studies of future global impacts of climate change have typically relied on a bottom-up approach, whereby field scale, process-based models are applied to hundreds of representative sites and then averaged (e.g., ref 2). Such approaches require input data on soil and management conditions, which are often difficult to obtain. Limitations on data quality or quantity can thus limit the utility of this approach, especially at the local scale (6-8). At the global scale, however, many of the processes and impacts captured by field scale models will tend to cancel out, and therefore simpler empirical/statistical models with fewer input requirements may be as accurate (8, 9). Empirical/statistical models also allow the effects of poorly modeled processes (e.g., pest dynamics) to be captured and uncertainties to be readily quantified (10). Here we develop new, empirical/statistical models of global yield responses to climate using datasets on broad-scale yields, crop locations, and climate variability. We focus on global average yields for the six most widely grown crops in the world: wheat, rice, maize, soybeans, barley, and sorghum. Production of these crops accounts for over 40% of global cropland area (11). 55% of non-meat calories, and over 70% of animal feed (12).

Lobell, D; Field, C

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

333

Design of artificial neural networks for distribution feeder loss analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To enhance the efficiency for power loss analysis of voluminous distribution feeders, ANN-based simplified power loss models with the Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm have been developed for overhead feeders and underground feeders, respectively. The ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Customer information system, Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, Outage management system

Tsung-En Lee; Chin-Ying Ho; Chia-Hung Lin; Meei-Song Kang

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

MODELING OF EDDY CURRENT LOSS AND TEMPERATURE OF THE MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(SPMSM); interior magnet PM motors; time-stepped ÂŻnite-element analysis (FEA); thermal circuits in traditional motor design and analysis. However, due to the high conductivity of the rare-earth magnet, neody-element analysis (FEA) for the calculation of eddy current loss in the magnet. Based on the calculated losses

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

335

The Modeling of Slurry Friction Loss of Hydraulic Fracturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the research on theoretical model of hydraulic fracturing has experienced development. But there is little progress in the research on slurry friction loss in the fracturing string, which is the key to guide the design and construction ... Keywords: slurry, friction loss, momentum transfer

Yongming Li; Hu Mao; Fengsheng Yao; Song Wang; Jinzhou Zhao

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Testing a Model of IR Radiative Losses: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermopile pyranometers exhibit IR radiative losses that affect global and diffuse shortwave measurements made with first class thermopile based instruments. Pyrgeometers can be used to measure the sky temperature and are used to calculate the pyranometer?s IR radiative losses.

Vignola, F.; Long, C. N.; Reda, I.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Kalman filter model for determining block and trickle SNM losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an integrated decision procedure for deciding whether a diversion of SNM has occurred. Two possible types of diversion are considered: a block loss during a single time period and a cumulative trickle loss over several time periods. The methodology used is based on a compound Kalman filter model. Numerical examples will illustrate our approach.

Barlow, R.E.; Durst, M.J.; Smiriga, N.G.

1982-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

338

Poker Player Behavior After Big Wins and Big Losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We find that experienced poker players typically change their style of play after winning or losing a big pot---most notably, playing less cautiously after a big loss, evidently hoping for lucky cards that will erase their loss. This finding is consistent ... Keywords: break-even hypothesis, investment, prospect theory, risk

Gary Smith; Michael Levere; Robert Kurtzman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

AC Losses in the New High-Temperature Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses the properties of high-temperature ceramic oxide superconductors in low magnetic fields. It discusses ac losses in the superconducting and normal states, the influence of anisotropy, and a database for monitoring advances in superconductivity. The ac losses of the oxide superconductors were found to be excessive.

1989-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

340

Linear-optics manipulations of photon-loss codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss codes for protecting logical qubits carried by optical fields from the effects of amplitude damping, i.e. linear photon loss. We demonstrate that the correctability condition for one-photon loss imposes limitations on the range of manipulations than can be implemented with passive linear-optics networks.

Konrad Banaszek; Wojciech Wasilewski

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Home Energy Audits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

19, 2011 19, 2011 How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Professional Energy Assessments It's worth a small investment of time and money now to assure yourself that your home is operating the way it should be. April 11, 2011 Energy Careers: Energy Assessor or Auditor A home energy assessment is a series of tests that reveal energy leaks in a home such as air leaks, poor insulation, and hot water loss. March 31, 2011 How Do You Find Thermal Leaks in Your Home? How do you find thermal leaks in your home? March 9, 2011 Florida County Helping Homeowners Save Energy and Money Sarasota County is letting its citizens choose how best to take advantage of all the energy efficient measures they have to offer. February 7, 2011 Modern Smart Grid Offers Consumers the Power of Choice

342

Cycling Losses During Screw Air Compressor Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air compressors use 10-13 % of a typical industrial facilities' total electricity. Because they often operate at part load, their part load efficiency significantly affects plant energy cost. An intensive study of screw air compressor part load efficiency confirmed that modulation only controls are accurately portrayed by traditional part load models under most conditions. It also confirmed that load-unload type controls are accurately modeled when cycle times are longer than 5 minutes. However, the study revealed compressors with cycling controls require as much as 10-25 % more power than is normally assumed when cycle times decrease below 2 minutes. This short cycle time is common in industrial environments. The study also found that combined modulating and unloading controls operate the compressor as much as 20% more efficiently than previously predicted. Several measures are recommended for improving part load efficiency by up to 25 %: • Increase receiver capacity • Install load-unload controls • Maintain compressor controls • Set higher low-unloading setpoints.

Maxwell, J. B.; Wheeler, G.; Bushnell, D.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy policy in Malaysia is set and overseen by the Economic Planning Unit ... TNB plans to reduce transmission losses and ... is undergoing significant expansion.

344

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho ... System Energy Losses h: Total g: Distillate ... includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP ...

345

Connecticut - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho ... System Energy Losses i: Total f,h: Distillate ... commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) ...

346

Table 2.1 Energy Consumption by Sector (Trillion Btu)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

c Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) ... and electrical system energy losses. ... • Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the Distr ...

347

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

b Losses in CTL and biofuel production. c Energy consumption in the sectors includes electricity demand purchases from the electric power sector, ...

348

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Tools by Country -...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

flow, indoor air quality, noise level Software has been updated. KCL-ECO life cycle, inventory, assessment, LCA RIUSKA Energy calculation, heat loss calculation, system...

349

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

month. The Value of Solar rate is based upon several factors* including: loss savings, energy savings, generation capacity savings, fuel price hedge value, transmission and...

350

Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;2 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy MSTD/CD-Apr-08 Energy Storage Energy conversion Energy Source Input Energy Carrier A Multiple Energy Conversions Losses: Storage Conversion Hydrogen Electricity Storage: Chemical Electrochemical #12;3 5 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department

Pennycook, Steve

351

J ournal of China U niversity of Geosciences, V ol. 11, N o. 3, p. 264-270, S ep tem ber 2000 IS SN 1002-0705 P rinted in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J ournal of China U niversity of Geosciences, V ol. 11, N o. 3, p. 264- 270, S ep tem ber 2000 IS SN 1002- 0705 P rinted in China 3 This study is supported by the N ationalN atural Science Foundation of China (No. 49632070). M anuscrip t received M ay 8, 2000. M anuscrip t accep ted M ay 16, 2000. M iddle

Tong, Jinnan

352

Beam Loss Monitors for NSLS-II Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect

The shielding for the NSLS-II storage ring will provide adequate protection for the full injected beam losses in two cells of the ring around the injection point, but the remainder of the ring is shielded for lower losses of <10% top-off injection beam current. This will require a system to insure that beam losses do not exceed levels for a period of time that could cause excessive radiation exposure outside the shield walls. This beam Loss Control and Monitoring system will have beam loss monitors that will measure where the beam charge is lost around the ring, to warn operators if losses approach the design limits. To measure the charge loss quantitatively, we propose measuring the electron component of the shower as beam electrons hit the vacuum chamber (VC) wall. This will be done using the Cerenkov light as electrons transit ultra-pure fused silica rods placed close to the inner edge of the VC. The entire length of the rod will collect light from the electrons of the spread out shower resulting from the small glancing angle of the lost beam particles to the VC wall. The design and measurements results of the prototype Cerenkov BLM will be presented.

Kramer, S.L.; Cameron, P.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

353

Technology of direct conversion for mirror reactor end-loss plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design concepts are presented for plasma direct convertors (PDC) intended primarily for use on the end-loss plasma from tandem-mirror reactors. Recent experimental results confirm most of these design concepts. Both a one-stage and a two-stage PDC were tested in reactor-like conditions using a 100-kV, 6-kW ion beam. In a separate test on the end of the TMX machine, a single stage PDC recovered 79 W for a net efficiency of 50%. Tandem mirror devices are well suited to PDC. The high minimum energy of the end-loss ions, the magnetic expansion outside the mirrors, and the vacuum conditions in the end tanks required by the confined plasma, all preexist. The inclusion of a PDC is therefore a rather small addition. These facts and the scale parameters for a PDC are discussed.

Barr, W.L.; Moir, R.W.

1980-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

354

Stepwise method determines source of FCC catalyst losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of guidelines for fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) monitoring and a logical, stepwise approach to troubleshooting FCC catalyst losses is discussed. This will help process or operations engineers find the causes of such losses. A thorough understanding of the entire catalyst stem during normal operations establishes the base line data necessary for troubleshooting. A comprehensive, ongoing analysis of catalyst losses include: catalyst balance, fresh catalyst physical properties, equilibrium catalyst properties, fine particle size distribution, pressure surveys, and line and restriction orifice records. The paper goes on to identify each step in monitoring these operations and properties.

Fletcher, R. [Akzo-Nobel Chemicals Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

International Energy Statistics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

> Countries > International Energy Statistics > Countries > International Energy Statistics International Energy Statistics Petroleum Production| Annual Monthly/Quarterly Consumption | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Capacity | Bunker Fuels | Stocks | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Reserves | Imports | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Exports | CO2 Emissions | Heat Content Natural Gas All Flows | Production | Consumption | Reserves | Imports | Exports | Carbon Dioxide Emissions | Heat Content Coal All Flows | Production | Consumption | Reserves | Imports | Exports | Carbon Dioxide Emissions | Heat Content Electricity Generation | Consumption | Capacity | Imports | Net Imports | Exports | Distribution Losses | Heat Content Renewables Electricity Generation| Electricity Consumption | Biofuels Production | Biofuels Consumption | Heat Content Total Energy

356

Comparisons of Interception Loss from Tropical and Temperate Vegetation Canopies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multilayer crop model is used to investigate interception loss from oak, pine, wheat and grass canopies. It is shown that the evaporative properties of the full oak canopy are similar to those of the evergreen tropical rain forest. Evaporation ...

J. G. Lockwood; P. J. Sellers

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Process Modeling and Reduction of Copper Loss in Smelting Slag  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The copper losses in RHF slag was more than 3% in 2006 and 2007. ... How to Control Strength and Grain Structure of 304L Stainless Steel during Forging .... Use of Polymeric Residues from the Footwear Industry in Layers of Asphalt ...

358

Return channel loss reduction in multi-stage centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents concepts for improving the performance of return channels in multi-stage centrifugal compressors. Geometries have been developed to reduce both separation and viscous losses. A number of different ...

Aubry, Anne-Raphaëlle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Mode conversation losses in overmolded millimeter wave transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Millimeter wave transmission lines are integral components for many important applications like nuclear fusion and NMR spectroscopy. In low loss corrugated transmission lines propagating the HE,1 mode with a high waveguide ...

Tax, David S. (David Samuel)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings.Pressure Loss in Flexible HVAC Ducts Bass Abushakra, Ph.D.to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Modelling of Heat Losses in Aluminium Reduction Cell with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using of anodes with slots chanegd that heat transfer to a great extent.In order to Investigate heat loss dynamics in reduction cells with slot anodes,a modelling ...

362

Abatement of wetland loss in Louisiana through diversions of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Abatement of wetland loss in Louisiana through diversions of Mississippi River water using siphons (SuDoc I 19.76:92-274) [U.S. Geological Survey] on ...

363

EXAMINING PREFERENCES FOR PREVENTION OF LOUISIANAS WETLAND LOSS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This study analyzed preferences for wetland-loss prevention in coastal Louisiana. Data were obtained through a contingent-valuation mail survey of a random sample of Louisiana… (more)

Moore, Ross Gordon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Further Results on Forecasting and Model Selection Under Asymmetric Loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: We make three related contributions. First, we propose a new technique for solving prediction problems under asymmetric loss using piecewise-linear approximations to the loss function, and we establish existence and uniqueness of the optimal predictor. Second, we provide a detailed application to optimal prediction of a conditionally heteroskedastic process under asymmetric loss, the insights gained from which are broadly applicable. Finally, we incorporate our results into a general framework for recursive prediction-based model selection under the relevant loss function. Acknowledgements: Helpful discussion was provided by Adolf Buse, Hashem Pesaran, Dale Poirrier, Enrique Sentana, Jim Stock, Ken Wallis, participants at meetings of the Econometric Society World Congress, the NBER/NSF Forecasting Seminar, the UCSD Conference on Multivariate Financial Econometrics, and numerous university seminars. All remaining inadequacies are ours alone. We thank the National Science Foundation, t...

Peter F. Christoffersen; Francis X. Diebold

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

An Analysis of Loss of Decay Heat Removal and Loss of Inventory Event Trends (1990-2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been an observed increase in plant events during shutdown conditions. This has increased interest among the industry and the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission to obtain a better understanding of the data and the trends. This report documents a long-term study of loss of decay heat removal and loss of inventory events during shutdown conditions in the nuclear industry, spanning a 20-year period from 1990 through 2009. The EPRI reports An Analysis of Loss of Decay Heat ...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Plantings that save energy  

SciTech Connect

In this 12th of a series on urban forestry, homeowners and community planners are offered practical guidance in selection of landscape plantings which will significantly reduce wind velocity and heat loss from homes in winter and reduce energy costs for air conditioning in summer.

Heisler, G.M.; DeWalle, D.R.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Energy-efficient windows  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes energy efficient windows for the reduction of home heating and cooling energy consumption. It discusses controlling air leaks by caulking and weatherstripping and by replacing window frames. Reducing heat loss and condensation is discussed by describing the types of glazing materials, the number of glass and air spaces, frame and spacer materials, and the use of movable insulation (shutters, drapes, etc.). A resource list is provided for further information.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

AC Loss Measurements on a 2G YBCO Coil  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is collaborating with Waukesha Electric Systems (WES) to continue development of HTS power transformers. For compatibility with the existing power grid, a commercially viable HTS transformer will have to operate at high voltages in the range of 138 kV and above, and will have to withstand 550-kV impulse voltages as well. Second-generation (2G) YBCO coated conductors will be required for an economically-competitive design. In order to adequately size the refrigeration system for these transformers, the ac loss of these HTS coils must be characterized. Electrical AC loss measurements were conducted on a prototype high voltage (HV) coil with co-wound stainless steel at 60 Hz in a liquid nitrogen bath using a lock-in amplifier technique. The prototype HV coil consisted of 26 continuous (without splice) single pancake coils concentrically centered on a stainless steel former. For ac loss measurement purposes, voltage tap pairs were soldered across each set of two single pancake coils so that a total of 13 separate voltage measurements could be made across the entire length of the coil. AC loss measurements were taken as a function of ac excitation current. Results show that the loss is primarily concentrated at the ends of the coil where the operating fraction of critical current is the highest and show a distinct difference in current scaling of the losses between low current and high current regimes.

Rey, Christopher M [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Schwenterly, S W [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

System for minimizing valve throttling losses in a steam turbine power plant  

SciTech Connect

A system which integrates the controls of a steam turbine power plant for minimizing power plant energy losses substantially caused by steam flow valve throttling is disclosed. The steam turbine power plant includes boiler pressure controls for controlling the boiler throttle pressure of a steam producing boiler and turbine-generator controls for positioning a plurality of turbine steam admission values to regulate the steam flow conducted through a steam turbine which governs the electrical energy generated by an electrical generator at a desired power generation level. The turbine-generator controls predetermine a plurality of valve position states to establish a predetermined valve grouping sequential positioning pattern for the steam admission valves to regulate steam flow through the steam turbine across the range of power generation, each predetermined state substantially corresponding to a minimum of valve throttling losses. The steam admission valves may be positioned at a present valve position state, which is other than one of the predetermined states, as a result of a change in desired power generation level. The disclosed system responds to this condition by governing the boiler pressure controls to adjust the boiler throttle pressure at a desired rate and in a direction to cause steam admission valves to be repositioned according to the sequential positioning pattern to a selected one of the predetermined efficient valve position states. The repositioning of the steam admission valves is performed by maintaining the generated energy substantially at the new desired power generation level.

Stern, L.P.; Johnson, S.J.

1979-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

370

Apparatus to measure liquid helium boil-off from low-loss superconducting current leads  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A low-loss liquid helium dewar was constructed to measure the liquid helium boil-off rate from high-temperature superconducting current leads. The dewar has a measured background heat leakage rate of 12 mW. Equations calculating the heat leakage rate from the measured vapor mass flow rate in liquid helium boil-off experiments are derived. Parameters that affect the experiments, such as density ratio, absolute pressure, and rate of pressure variation, are discussed. This study is important as superconducting current leads may be used in superconducting magnetic energy storage systems.

Cha, Y.S.; Niemann, R.C.; Hull, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Angular scattering in electron capture and loss D/sup -/ beam formation processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of high energy (> 150 keV) neutral beams for heating and fueling magnetic fusion devices depends on the ability to produce well-collimated negative ion beams. The double capture charge-exchange technique is a known, scalable method. In order to maximize the overall efficiency of the process and to achieve the desired beam characteristics, it is necessary to examine the optical qualities of the beams as well as the total efficiency of beam production. A combined modeling and experimental study of the angular scattering effects in negative ion formation and loss processes has therefore been undertaken.

Coggiola, M.J.; Hodges, R.V.; Huestis, D.L.; Peterson, J.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Very Fast Losses of the Circulating LHC Beam, their Mitigation and Machine Protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has a nominal energy of 362MJ stored in each of its two counter-rotating beams - over two orders of magnitude more than any previous accelerator and enough to melt 880kg of copper. Therefore, in case of abnormal conditions comprehensive machine protection systems extract the beams safely from the LHC within not more than three turns $\\approx$270$\\mu$s. The first years of LHC operation demonstrated a remarkable reliability of the major machine protection systems. However, they also showed that the LHC is vulnerable to losses of the circulating beams on very fast timescales, which are too fast to ensure an active protection. Very fast equipment failures, in particular of normal-conducting dipole magnets and the transverse damper can lead to such beam losses. Whereas these failures were already studied in the past, other unexpected beam loss mechanisms were observed after the LHC start-up: so-called (un)identified falling objects (UFOs), which are believed to be micrometer-sized m...

Baer, Tobias; Elsen, Eckhard

373

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy include natural gas power plants, oil refineries,energy include natural gas power plants, 16 oil refineries,Power Plants' Own Use Oil Refineries' Own Use Oil and Gas Extraction Distribution Losses a Includes natural

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Energy Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Total Energy Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Total Energy Flow diagram image Footnotes: 1 Includes lease condensate. 2 Natural gas plant liquids. 3 Conventional hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, and wind. 4 Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 5 Natural gas, coal, coal coke, biofuels, and electricity. 6 Adjustments, losses, and unaccounted for. 7 Natural gas only; excludes supplemental gaseous fuels. 8 Petroleum products, including natural gas plant liquids, and crude oil burned as fuel. 9 Includes 0.01 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net exports. 10 Includes 0.13 quadrillion Btu of electricity net imports. 11 Total energy consumption, which is the sum of primary energy consumption, electricity retail sales, and electrical system energy losses.

375

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 9290 of 26,764 results. 81 - 9290 of 26,764 results. Download CX-006458: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Retail Biofuel Infrastructure Supporting I-75 Green Corridor Project CX(s) Applied: A1, B5.1 Date: 08/08/2011 Location(s): Detroit, Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-006458-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-006459: Categorical Exclusion Determination Analytical Physics - Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 08/08/2011 Location(s): Albany, Oregon Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-006459-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-006460: Categorical Exclusion Determination

376

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

energy data used in this report do not reflect adjustments for losses in electricity generation or transmission. energy data used in this report do not reflect adjustments for losses in electricity generation or transmission. 1 The manufacturing sector is composed of establishments classified in Standard Industrial Classification 20 through 39 of the U.S. economy as defined 2 by the Office of Management and Budget. The manufacturing sector is a part of the industrial sector, which also includes mining; construction; and agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The EIA also conducts energy consumption surveys in the residential, commercial buildings, and residential transportation sectors: the Residential Energy 3 Consumption Survey (RECS); the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS); and, until recently, the Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS).

377

Protected Loss of Flow Transient Simulation (Quicktime format, High  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Analysis > Videos Engineering Analysis > Videos Engineering Analysis: Protected Loss of Flow Transient Simulation Quicktime format Quicktime Format - High Bandwidth | Size: 25.94 MB | Bit Rate: 1148 kbps Keywords: flow transient, plot, EBR-II, SAS4A, SASSYS-1, passive safety, protected loss of flow, PLOF, shutdown heat removal test, SHRT-17, SHRT17 Elevation plot showing detailed top of core temperatures in experimental assembly XX09 during a protected loss of flow transient in EBR-II. Surrounding assemblies are depicted using fuel average temperatures. Results show excellent decay heat removal capability of sodium through natural circulation and exceptionally low transient temperatures with metallic fuel. :: Please wait until video loads completely :: Closed Captioning Transcript

378

ANALYZING SURFACE ROUGHNESS DEPENDENCE OF LINEAR RF LOSSES  

SciTech Connect

Topographic structure on Superconductivity Radio Frequency (SRF) surfaces can contribute additional cavity RF losses describable in terms of surface RF reflectivity and absorption indices of wave scattering theory. At isotropic homogeneous extent, Power Spectrum Density (PSD) of roughness is introduced and quantifies the random surface topographic structure. PSD obtained from different surface treatments of niobium, such Buffered Chemical Polishing (BCP), Electropolishing (EP), Nano-Mechanical Polishing (NMP) and Barrel Centrifugal Polishing (CBP) are compared. A perturbation model is utilized to calculate the additional rough surface RF losses based on PSD statistical analysis. This model will not consider that superconductor becomes normal conducting at fields higher than transition field. One can calculate the RF power dissipation ratio between rough surface and ideal smooth surface within this field range from linear loss mechanisms.

Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Kelley, Michael J. [JLAB, W& M College; Xu, Chen [JLAB, W& M College

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Gas-rich sediment and coastal wetland loss in Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

High rates of wetland loss in southern Louisiana provide the impetus for examining the role that trapped, biogenic gases play in regulating subsidence of coastal areas. A significant cause for wetland loss in this region is relative sea-level rise produced by sediment-volume reduction. Dewatering, grain reorientation and packing, and oxidation of organic-rich sediments are thought to be the main processes for volume loss. It is argued that natural and anthropogenic causes for sediment degasification play a critical role in sediment-volume reduction. Compressional wave velocities were measured at 34 sites in both the abandoned (Holocene) and modern parts of the Mssissippi Delta. A low-frequency source (<200 Hz) was used to maximize sound-wave dispersion caused by interstitial gas bubbles. Compressional wave velocities measured at low frequencies relative to the gas-bubble resonant-frequency undergo maximum change from the velocity for a gas-free sediment.

Thompson, M.D.; McGinnis, L.D.; Wilkey, P.L.; Miller, S.F.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Fluid loss to formation stopped prior to gravel packing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Union Texas Petroleum has combined special techniques in offshore Louisiana gravel-packing operations to combat severe fluid loss that had jeopardized previous gravel-packed completions. By using an annulus pressure-controlled circulation valve and a crosslinked polymer gelled block, Union Texas was able to totally halt loss of fluid to a formation that had an 1,835-psi overbalanced (the hydrostatic pressure of well fluid in the treating string-to-casing annulus exceeded formation pressure by 1,835 psi). The pressure-controlled valve permitted process control without pipe movement, and the gelled block prevented fluid loss to the formation while the gravel pack was being installed. The well was perforated underbalanced, using tubing-conveyed guns, for perforation cleanup.

Quarnstrom, T.F. (Union Texas Petroleum, Houston, TX (US)); Cavender, T.W.; Shelton, G. (Vann Systems Houston, TX (US))

1989-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Integrated models for plasma/material interaction during loss of plasma confinement.  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive computer package, High Energy Interaction with General Heterogeneous Target Systems (HEIGHTS), has been developed to evaluate the damage incurred on plasma-facing materials during loss of plasma confinement. The HEIGHTS package consists of several integrated computer models that follow the start of a plasma disruption at the scrape-off layer (SOL) through the transport of the eroded debris and splashed target materials to nearby locations as a result of the energy deposited. The package includes new models to study turbulent plasma behavior in the SOL and predicts the plasma parameters and conditions at the divertor plate. Full two-dimensional comprehensive radiation magnetohydrodynamic models are coupled with target thermodynamics and liquid hydrodynamics to evaluate the integrated response of plasma-facing materials. A brief description of the HEIGHTS package and its capabilities are given in this work with emphasis on turbulent plasma behavior in the SOL during disruptions.

Hassanein, A.

1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

382

Solar Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and metal absorber tube attached to a fin. The fin is covered with a coating that absorbs solar energy well, but which inhibits radiative heat loss. Air is removed, or evacuated,...

383

Energy Basics: Tankless Demand Water Heaters  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

only as needed and without the use of a storage tank. They don't produce the standby energy losses associated with storage water heaters. How Demand Water Heaters Work Demand...

384

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development of Methods to Prohibit and Remediate Loss of Annular Isolation in Shale Gas Wells CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 01292013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy...

385

Distilling single-photon entanglement from photon loss and decoherence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-photon entanglement may be the simplest type of entanglement but it is of vice importance in quantum communication. Here we present a practical protocol for distilling the single-photon entanglement from both photon loss and decoherence. With the help of some local single photons, the probability of single photon loss can be decreased and the less-entangled state can also be recovered to maximally entangled state simultaneously. It only requires some linear optical elements which makes it feasible in current experiment condition. This protocol might find applications in current quantum communications based on the quantum repeaters.

Yu-Bo Sheng; Lan Zhou

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled "Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System." The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Loss of benefits resulting from mandated nuclear plant shutdowns  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies and discusses some of the important consequences of nuclear power plant unavailability, and quantifies a number of technical measures of loss of benefits that result from regulatory actions such as licensing delays and mandated nuclear plant outages. The loss of benefits that accompany such regulatory actions include increased costs of systems generation, increased demand for nonnuclear and often scarce fuels, and reduced system reliability. This paper is based on a series of case studies, supplemented by sensitivity studies, on hypothetical nuclear plant shutdowns. These studies were developed by Argonne in cooperation with four electric utilities.

Peerenboom, J.P.; Buehring, W.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Characterizing and Controlling Beam Losses at the LANSCE Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) currently provides 100-MeV H{sup +} and 800-MeV H{sup -} beams to several user facilities that have distinct beam requirements, e.g. intensity, micropulse pattern, duty factor, etc. Minimizing beam loss is critical to achieving good performance and reliable operation, but can be challenging in the context of simultaneous multi-beam delivery. This presentation will discuss various aspects related to the observation, characterization and minimization of beam loss associated with normal production beam operations in the linac.

Rybarcyk, Lawrence J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

389

Predictions of convective losses from a solar cavity receiver  

SciTech Connect

Convective losses arising from buoyancy driven flow were calculated for a two-dimensional model simulating a solar cavity receiver. The TEMPEST code, capable of fully three-dimensional coupled thermal-hydraulic transient calculations, was used for the simulation. Predicted velocity and temperature results for a 2.59 m deep by 2.88 m high rectangular cavity with an aperture opening of 1.72 m were used to determine convective losses for prescribed interior wall temperatures and cavity orientation. Velocity vector and temperature isotherm plots were used to analyze flow characteristics.

Eyler, L.L.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Beam Loss Monitors for NSLS-II Storage Ring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shielding for the NSLS-II storage ring will provide adequate protection for the full injected beam losses in two cells of the ring around the injection point, but the remainder of the ring is shielded for lower losses of Cerenkov light as electrons transit ultra-pure fused silica rods placed close to the inner edge of the VC. The entire length of the rod will collect light from the electrons of the spread out shower resulting from the small glancing angle of the lost beam particles to the VC wall. The design and measurements results of the prototype Cerenkov BLM will be presented.

Kramer, S.L.; Cameron, P.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

Passive magnetic bearing element with minimal power losses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems employing passive magnetic bearing elements having minimal power losses are provided. Improved stabilizing elements are shown, employing periodic magnet arrays and inductively loaded circuits, but with improved characteristics compared to the elements disclosed in US Patent No. 5,495,221 entitled ``Dynamically Stable Magnetic Suspension/Bearing System.`` The improvements relate to increasing the magnitude of the force derivative, while at the same time reducing the power dissipated during the normal operation of the bearing system, to provide a passive bearing system that has virtually no losses under equilibrium conditions, that is, when the supported system is not subject to any accelerations except those of gravity. 8 figs.

Post, R.F.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

392

Lumen Maintenance and Light Loss Factors: Consequences of Current Design Practices for LED's  

SciTech Connect

Synopsis: Light loss factors are used to help lighting systems meet quantitative design criteria throughout the life of the installation, but they also influence energy use. As the light sources currently being specified continue to evolve, it is necessary to reevaluate the methods used in calculating light loss factors, as well as carefully consider the consequences of different product performance attributes. Because of the unique operating characteristics of LEDs and lack of a comprehensive lifetime rating—as well as the problematic relationship between lifetime and lumen maintenance—determining an appropriate lamp lumen depreciation (LLD) factor for LED products is difficult. As a result, a unique solution has been advocated: when quantity of light is an important design consideration, the IES recommends using an LLD of not greater than 0.70. This method deviates from the typical practice for conventional sources of using the ratio of mean to initial lumen output, and can misrepresent actual performance, increase energy use, and inhibit comparisons between products. This paper discusses the complications related to LLD and LEDs, compares the performance of conventional and LED products, and examines alternatives to a maximum LLD of 0.70 for LEDs.

Royer, Michael P.

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

393

Applications of Solar Technology for Catastrophe Response, Claims Management, and Loss Prevention  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's insurance industry strongly emphasizes developing cost-effective hazard mitigation programs, increasing and retaining commercial and residential customers through better service, educating customers on their exposure and vulnerabilities to natural disasters, collaborating with government agencies and emergency management organizations, and exploring the use of new technologies to reduce the financial impact of disasters. In June of 1998, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the National Association of Independent Insurers (NAII) sponsored a seminar titled, ''Solar Technology and the Insurance Industry.'' Presentations were made by insurance company representatives, insurance trade groups, government and state emergency management organizations, and technology specialists. The meeting was attended by insurers, brokers, emergency managers, and consultants from more than 25 US companies. Leading insurers from the personal line and commercial carriers were shown how solar technology can be used in underwriting, claims, catastrophe response, loss control, and risk management. Attendees requested a follow-up report on solar technology, cost, and applications in disasters, including suggestions on how to collaborate with the utility industry and how to develop educational programs for business and consumers. This report will address these issues, with an emphasis on pre-disaster planning and mitigation alternatives. It will also discuss how energy efficiency and renewable technologies can contribute to reducing insurance losses.

Deering, A.; Thornton, J.P.

1999-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

394

Pin stack array for thermoacoustic energy conversion  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoacoustic stack for connecting two heat exchangers in a thermoacoustic energy converter provides a convex fluid-solid interface in a plane perpendicular to an axis for acoustic oscillation of fluid between the two heat exchangers. The convex surfaces increase the ratio of the fluid volume in the effective thermoacoustic volume that is displaced from the convex surface to the fluid volume that is adjacent the surface within which viscous energy losses occur. Increasing the volume ratio results in an increase in the ratio of transferred thermal energy to viscous energy losses, with a concomitant increase in operating efficiency of the thermoacoustic converter. The convex surfaces may be easily provided by a pin array having elements arranged parallel to the direction of acoustic oscillations and with effective radial dimensions much smaller than the thicknesses of the viscous energy loss and thermoacoustic energy transfer volumes.

Keolian, Robert M. (Monterey, CA); Swift, Gregory W. (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Save Energy with Axial Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are several ways to save energy in wet cooling towers and air cooled heat exchangers using axial fans. This paper will discuss ways to improve fan system efficiency in wet and dry towers both during the design phase and after installation by specifying energy efficient equipment. Variable pitch fan versus fixed pitch fan operation is discussed in terms of energy savings and means of control. The areas of interest to wet cooling tower users would be the influence on fan diameter and operating point on horsepower, how and when are velocity recovery stacks effective, the effect of varying fan speed to improve efficiency, and tip clearance effects. The areas of interest to dry tower (air cooled heat exchanger) users would be the effect of inlet losses, approach velocity losses, and losses due to air recirculation.

Monroe, R. C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Feedstock Loss from Drought is a Major Economic Risk for Biofuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feedstock Loss from Drought is a Major Economic Risk for Biofuel Producers Title Feedstock Loss from Drought is a Major Economic Risk for Biofuel Producers Publication Type Report...

397

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 12 Loss Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 12 Loss Management Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Loss Management from the book ...

398

THE USE OF CALORIMETRY IN SUPERFLUID HE II TO MEASURE LOSSES IN SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measuring the overall heat capacity of the sys­ tem and thecan define the total heat capacity as: ^-Q )dt r T f p mc (= system volume. The total heat capacity m En is fixed for a

Caspi, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Measurements of AC Losses and Current Distribution in Superconducting Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents our new experimental facility and techniques to measure ac loss and current distribution between the layers for High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables. The facility is powered with a 45 kVA three-phase power supply which can provide three-phase currents up to 5 kA per phase via high current transformers. The system is suitable for measurements at any frequency between 20 and 500 Hz to better understand the ac loss mechanisms in HTS cables. In this paper, we will report techniques and results for ac loss measurements carried out on several HTS cables with and without an HTS shielding layer. For cables without a shielding layer, care must be taken to control the effect of the magnetic fields from return currents on loss measurements. The waveform of the axial magnetic field was also measured by a small pick-up coil placed inside a two-layer cable. The temporal current distribution between the layers can be calculated from the waveform of the axial field.

Nguyen, Doan A [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ashworth, Stephen P [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Carter, Bill [AMSC; Fleshler, Steven [AMER Superconductor Corp, Devens, MA 01434

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Surrogate Data to Estimate Crop-Hail Loss  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop-hail insurance loss data for 1948–94 are useful as measures of the historical variability of damaging hail in those 26 states where most crop damages occur. However, longer records are needed for various scientific and business applications, ...

David Changnon; Stanley A. Changnon

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Massive global ozone loss predicted following regional nuclear conflict  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive global ozone loss predicted following regional nuclear conflict Michael J. Mills* , Owen B a chemistry-climate model and new estimates of smoke produced by fires in contemporary cities to calculate the impact on stratospheric ozone of a regional nuclear war between developing nuclear states involving 100

402

Galvanic battery. [tape wrapping to seal against moisture loss  

SciTech Connect

A galvanic battery comprises rigid battery components and a wrapping of insulating material. The wrapping consists of a length of thin, extensible plastic tape wound in successive laps under lengthwise stretch around the battery and having its outer end secured to a preceeding layer of tape. The tape in combination with the rigid battery components effectively seals the battery against loss of moisture.

Tamminen, P.J.

1962-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

403

Google's Loss: The Public's Gain APRIL 28, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google's Loss: The Public's Gain APRIL 28, 2011 Robert Darnton Musée du Louvre, Paris Jean a postmortem on Google's attempt to digitize and sell millions of books, despite the decision by Judge Denny Chin on March 23 to reject the agreement that seemed to make Google's project possible. Google Book

Hofri, Micha

404

Unsteady Loss in a High Pressure Turbine Stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The widespread use of the gas turbine as a means of aircraft propulsion has provided a considerable impetusUnsteady Loss in a High Pressure Turbine Stage Stephen John Payne Trinity College A thesis in a High Pressure Turbine Stage Stephen John Payne Trinity College A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment

Payne, Stephen J.

405

A utility framework for bounded-loss market makers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a class of utility-based market makers that always accept orders at their risk-neutral prices. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for such market makers to have bounded loss. We prove that hyperbolic absolute risk aversion utility market makers are equivalent to weighted pseudospherical scoring rule market makers. In particular, Hanson’s logarithmic scoring rule market maker corresponds to a negative exponential utility market maker in our framework. We describe a third equivalent formulation based on maintaining a cost function that seems most natural for implementation purposes, and we illustrate how to translate among the three equivalent formulations. We examine the tradeoff between the market’s liquidity and the market maker’s worst-case loss. For a fixed bound on worst-case loss, some market makers exhibit greater liquidity near uniform prices and some exhibit greater liquidity near extreme prices, but no market maker can exhibit uniformly greater liquidity in all regimes. For a fixed minimum liquidity level, we give the lower bound of market maker’s worst-case loss under some regularity conditions. 1

Yiling Chen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Services Energy Economy Energy Policy Energy Policy Energy Secretary Steven Chu speaks with President Barack Obama. | Energy Department Photo Energy Secretary Steven...

407

Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Renewable Energy October 7, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis Renewable energy increases energy security, creates jobs, and powers our clean energy economy. Renewable energy increases...

408

Theoretical mass loss rates of cool main-sequence stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a model for the wind properties of cool main-sequence stars, which comprises their wind ram pressures, mass fluxes, and terminal wind velocities. The wind properties are determined through a polytropic magnetised wind model, assuming power laws for the dependence of the thermal and magnetic wind parameters on the stellar rotation rate. We use empirical data to constrain theoretical wind scenarios, which are characterised by different rates of increase of the wind temperature, wind density, and magnetic field strength. Scenarios based on moderate rates of increase yield wind ram pressures in agreement with most empirical constraints, but cannot account for some moderately rotating targets, whose high apparent mass loss rates are inconsistent with observed coronal X-ray and magnetic properties. For fast magnetic rotators, the magneto-centrifugal driving of the outflow can produce terminal wind velocities far in excess of the surface escape velocity. Disregarding this aspect in the analyses of wind ram pressures leads to overestimations of stellar mass loss rates. The predicted mass loss rates of cool main-sequence stars do not exceed about ten times the solar value. Our results are in contrast with previous investigations, which found a strong increase of the stellar mass loss rates with the coronal X-ray flux. Owing to the weaker dependence, we expect the impact of stellar winds on planetary atmospheres to be less severe and the detectability of magnetospheric radio emission to be lower then previously suggested. Considering the rotational evolution of a one solar-mass star, the mass loss rates and the wind ram pressures are highest during the pre-main sequence phase.

V. Holzwarth; M. Jardine

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

409

EMSL: Science: Energy Materials and Processes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Materials & Processes Energy Materials & Processes Energy Materials logo TEM image In situ transmission electron microscopy at EMSL was used to study structural changes in the teamÂ’s new anode system. Real-time measurements show silicon nanoparticles inside carbon shells before (left) and after (right) lithiation. Energy Materials and Processes focuses on the dynamic transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties at critical interfaces in catalysts and energy materials needed to design new materials and systems for sustainable energy applications. By facilitating the development and rapid dissemination of critical molecular-level information along with predictive modeling of interfaces and their unique properties EMSL helps enable the design and development of practical, efficient, environmentally

410

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Energy Demand Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Demand Modeling Energy Demand Modeling The software is intended to be used for Energy Demand Modeling. This can be utilized from regional to national level. A Graphical User Interface of the software takes the input from the user in a quite logical and sequential manner. These input leads to output in two distinct form, first, it develops a Reference Energy System, which depicts the flow of energy from the source to sink with all the losses incorporated and second, it gives a MATLAB script file for advance post processing like graphs, visualization and optimizations to develop and evaluate the right energy mix policy frame work for a intended region. Keywords Reference Energy System, Software, GUI, Planning, Energy Demand Model EDM, Energy Policy Planning Validation/Testing

411

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Index (click to jump links) Residential Sector Commercial Sector Industrial Sector Transportation Sector Energy Demand in Alternative Technology Cases Annual Growth in Energy Use Is Projected To Continue Net energy delivered to consumers represents only a part of total primary energy consumption. Primary consumption includes energy losses associated with the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity, which are allocated to the end-use sectors (residential, commercial, and industrial) in proportion to each sectorÂ’s share of electricity use [103]. Figure 45. Primary and delivered energy consumption, excluding transportation use, 1970-2025 (quadrillion Btu). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help.

412

AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice Jump to: navigation, search Name AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice Place New York, New York Zip 10038 Sector Renewable Energy Product Practice to service the insurance, risk management and loss control needs of US-based renewable energy clients. References AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AIG_Global_Alternative_Energy_Practice&oldid=341930" Categories:

413

Energy-E cient Design of Battery-Powered Embedded Systems Tajana Simunicy Luca Benini Giovanni De Micheliy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-E cient Design of Battery-Powered Embedded Systems Tajana Simunicy Luca Benini Giovanni De Bologna, ITALY 40136 Abstract Energy-e cient design of battery-powered embedded sys- tems demands extend cycle-accurate architectural power simulation with battery models that provide battery lifetime

Simunic, Tajana

414

Performance Evaluation of Energy Consumption in MANETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mobility of nodes in MANET may result in dynamic topology with high rate of link breakage and network partitions leading to interruption in communication and packet loss. Many routing protocols have been proposed in the literature with different characteristics and properties. The routing protocols suffer from various overheads causing energy loss which is further aggravated by link breaks. The present work concentrate on the energy consumption issues of routing protocols. We have evaluated the performance of DSDV, DSR and AODV routing protocols with respect to energy consumption indicating their usage of node’s energy.

Ashish Kumar; M. Q. Rafiq; Kamal Bansal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Classifiers for the Causes of Data Loss Using Packet-Loss Signatures* Phillip M. Dickens1, 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transmission window. We are exploring the application of complexity theory to the problem of learning be mapped to the underlying causes of packet loss, and provide experimental results demonstrating the effectiveness of our approach. 1 Introduction Computational Grids create large-scale distributed systems

Dickens, Phillip M.

416

Asbestos Fiber Analysis (TEM Test Method)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... WA. Lab/Cor, Inc., Seattle, WA [101920- 0] CANADA. EMSL Canada, Inc., MISSISSAGUA, ONTARIO L5N 3L8, CANADA [200877- 0] KOREA. ...

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

417

GEOBULLETIN SEpTEmBEr 9Nd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tyler Blum Miao Du Andria Ellis Jessica Feenstra Tim Foltz Kyle Fredericks Philip Gopon Tamara Jeppson

Sheridan, Jennifer

418

TEM Characterization of Irradiated RERTR Dispersion Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The USA fuels program on Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors ... Segregation of Ru to Edge Dislocations in Uranium Dioxide.

419

GEOBULLETIN SEpTEmBEr 2Nd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.wisc.edu Brian Beard (Radiogenic Isotope Lab), Rm. 309, beardb@geology.wisc.edu John Fournelle (Electron.wisc.edu Peter Sobol (Electronics), Rm. 146, psobol@geology.wisc.edu Mike Spicuzza (Stable Isotope Lab), Rm. 337 are requested! If you have a news item, a request, an announcement etc. email it to geodept@geology

Sheridan, Jennifer

420

Designing a Residential Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System Based on the Energy Buffering Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the electricity price is low and supply energy for usage when the electricity price is high [6], and thereby energy buffering. Figure 3 shows the structure of a typical grid-connected HEES system. Without loss the proposed energy management system is targeting residential usage, we must limit its overall form factor

Pedram, Massoud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Electricity Flow, (Quadrillion Btu) Electricity Flow diagram image Footnotes: 1 Blast furnace gas, propane gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from fossil fuels. 2 Batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur, miscellaneous technologies, and non-renewable waste (municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels). 3 Data collection frame differences and nonsampling error. Derived for the diagram by subtracting the "T & D Losses" estimate from "T & D Losses and Unaccounted for" derived from Table 8.1. 4 Electric energy used in the operation of power plants. 5 Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the point of generation and delivery to the customer) are estimated

422

NCEM National Center for Electron Microscopy: Microscopes and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TEM and STEM. In addition, the incorporation of a monochromator into the gun permits electron energy loss spectroscopy to be performed with an energy resolution of 0.15eV. This...

423

The Packet Loss Effect on MPEG Video Transmission in Wireless Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to study the packet loss effect on MPEG video transmission quality in wireless networks. First, we consider the distribution of packet losses in wireless network, including distributed and burst packet losses. Besides, we ... Keywords: MPEG, wireless network, packet loss.

Cheng-Han Lin; Chih-Heng Ke; Ce-Kuen Shieh; Naveen K. Chilamkurti

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

STATE of COLORADO LOSS NOTICE THIS FORM IS USED TO REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE of COLORADO LOSS NOTICE THIS FORM IS USED TO REPORT PROPERTY, BOILER & MACHINERY, BOND, CRIME the appropriate insurance carrier(s). Agencies should take steps to mitigate the loss, maintain records to support coordination of coverages. Loss date Time Estimated Loss: State Dept: Colorado School of Mines (GLA) State Div

425

Energy Savings at a Rock Crushing and Finishing Operation: Energy Efficiency Assessment Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A utility asked the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to conduct an energy assessment of a manufacturer of rock-based product for use in construction materials in their service area. The EPRI energy audit team worked with facility personnel and the utility to understand energy usage in the facility and to identify areas where energy could be saved. The energy audit occurred during the summer season at a location in the upper Midwest United States. The areas of attention concerned system losses, ...

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

Matter & Energy Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry Electronics Over 1.2 Million Electronics Parts, Components and Equipment. www.AlliedElec.com solar energy

Rogers, John A.

427

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT AUGUST 2010 #12;2009 Wind Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Table of Contents Acknowledgments' Association); Ed DeMeo (Renewable Energy Consulting Services, Inc.); Mike O'Sullivan (NextEra Energy Resources

428

A Laboratory Study of Pressure Losses in Residential Air Distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Laboratory Study of Pressure Losses in Residential Air Distribution A Laboratory Study of Pressure Losses in Residential Air Distribution Systems Speaker(s): Bass Abushakra Date: March 7, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Duo Wang An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the pressure drop of residential air distribution system components that are either not available or poorly described in existing duct design literature. The tests were designed to imitate cases normally found in typical residential and light commercial installations. The study included three different sizes of flexible ducts, under different compression configurations, splitter boxes, supply boots, and a fresh air intake hood. The experimental tests apparatus followed ASHRAE Standard 120P - Methods of Testing to Determine Flow

429

Bootstrapping Timed Efficient Stream Loss-Tolerant Authentication (TESLA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards " (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). TESLA, the Timed Efficient Stream Loss-tolerant Authentication protocol, provides source authentication in multicast scenarios. TESLA is an efficient protocol with low communication and computation overhead that scales to large numbers of receivers and also tolerates packet loss. TESLA is based on loose time synchronization between the sender and the receivers. Source authentication is realized in TESLA by using Message Authentication Code (MAC) chaining. The use

Request Comments; H. Tschofenig; Status Of This Memo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

TIME DEPENDENCE OF SPACE CHARGE BEAM LOSSES IN THE COSMOTRON  

SciTech Connect

An investigation was made of Cosmotron intensity versus time through the entire time interval from the beginning of injection to the completion of r-f capture. The induction electrode signal was used for the instartaneous measurement of beam intensity. Oscilloscope displays of the signal were photographed and traced. Base lines were filled in on the tracings and the area of the pulses measured with a polar pianimeter. It was found that the relation losses of beam intensity increase with injection intensity (total injected charge), and that most of the losses take place in the time interval between the end of injection and the completion of the first synchrotron oscillation. (M.C.G.)

Barton, M.Q.; Sacharidis, E.J.

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Zero-switching-loss inverters for high-power applications  

SciTech Connect

The development of zero-switching-loss inverters has attracted much interest for industrial applications. The resonant dc link inverter (RDCLI) provides a simple and robust approach for realizing switching frequencies >20 kHz in multi-kilowatt systems but impresses substantial voltage stress (-- 2.5 supply voltage) across the devices. Two alternate topologies for realizing zero switching losses in high-power converters are proposed. The actively clamped resonant dc-link inverter (ACRLI) uses the concept of a lossless active clamp to restrict voltage stresses to only 1.3-1.5 supply voltage (V/sub s/) while maintaining a mode of operation similar to the RDCLI. For applications demanding substantially superior spectral performance, the resonant pole inverter (RPI), also called the quasi-resonant current mode inverter (QRCMI), is proposed as a viable topology. Detailed analysis, simulation, and experimental results are presented to verify operation principles of both power converters.

Divan, D.M.; Skibinski, G. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Mitigating Flood Loss through Local Comprehensive Planning in Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning researchers believe that property losses from natural hazards, such as floods can be reduced if governments address this issue and adopt appropriate policies in their plans. However, little empirical research has examined the relationship between plan quality and actual property loss from floods. My research addresses this critical gap in the planning and hazard research literature by evaluating the effectiveness of current plans and policies in mitigating property damage from floods. Specifically, this study: 1) assesses the extent to which local comprehensive plans integrate flood mitigation policies in Florida; and 2) it examines the impact of the quality of flood mitigation policies on actual insured flood damages. Study results show that fifty-three local plans in the sample received a mean score for total flood mitigation policy quality of 38.55, which represents 35.69% of the total possible points. These findings indicate that there is still considerable room for improvement by local governments on flooding issues. The scores of local plans varied widely, with coastal communities receiving significantly higher scores than non-coastal communities. While most communities adopted land use management tools, such as permitted land use and wetland permits as primary flood mitigation tools, incentive based tools/taxing tools and acquisition tools were rarely adopted. This study also finds that plan quality associated with flood mitigation policy had little discernible effect on reducing insured flood damage while controlling for biophysical, built environment and socio-economic variables. This result counters the assumption inherent in previous plan quality research that better plans mitigate the adverse effects associated with floods and other natural hazards. There are some possible explanations for this result in terms of plan implementation, land use management paradox and characteristics of insurance policies. The statistical analysis also suggests that insured flood loss is considerably affected by wetland alteration and a community's location on the coast. Another finding indicates that very strong leadership and dam construction are factors in mitigating flood loss.

Kang, Jung Eun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Low-loss binder for hot pressing boron nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This report describes an invention utilizing Borazine derivatives as low-loss binders and precursors for making ceramic boron nitirde structures. The derivative forms the same composition as the boron nitride starting material, thereby filling the voids with the same boron nitride material upon forming and hot pressing. The derivatives have a further advantage of being low in carbon thus resulting in less volatile byproduct that can result in bubble formation during pressing.

Maya, L.

1989-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

434

Optimization of the Low Loss SRF Cavity for the ILC  

SciTech Connect

The Low-Loss shape cavity design has been proposed as a possible alternative to the baseline TESLA cavity design for the ILC main linacs. The advantages of this design over the TESLA cavity are its lower cryogenic loss, and higher achievable gradient due to lower surface fields. High gradient prototypes for such designs have been tested at KEK (ICHIRO) and TJNAF (LL). However, issues related to HOM damping and multipacting still need to be addressed. Preliminary numerical studies of the prototype cavities have shown unacceptable damping factors for some higher-order dipole modes if the typical TESLA HOM couplers are directly adapted to the design. The resulting wakefield will dilute the beam emittance thus reducing the machine luminosity. Furthermore, high gradient tests on a 9-cell prototype at KEK have experienced multipacting barriers although a single LL cell had achieved a high gradient. From simulations, multipacting activities are found to occur in the end-groups of the cavity. In this paper, we will present the optimization results of the end-groups for the Low-Loss designs for effective HOM damping and alleviation of multipacting.

Sekutowicz, J.S.; /DESY; Kneisel, P.; /Jefferson Lab; Higo, T.; Morozumi, Y.; Saito, K.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Ge, L.; Ko, Yong-kyu; Lee, L.; Li, Z.; Ng, C.K.; Schussman, G.L.; Xiao, L.; /SLAC

2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

The LCLS Undulator Beam Loss Monitor Readout System  

SciTech Connect

The LCLS Undulator Beam Loss Monitor System is required to detect any loss radiation seen by the FEL undulators. The undulator segments consist of permanent magnets which are very sensitive to radiation damage. The operational goal is to keep demagnetization below 0.01% over the life of the LCLS. The BLM system is designed to help achieve this goal by detecting any loss radiation and indicating a fault condition if the radiation level exceeds a certain threshold. Upon reception of this fault signal, the LCLS Machine Protection System takes appropriate action by either halting or rate limiting the beam. The BLM detector consists of a PMT coupled to a Cherenkov radiator located near the upstream end of each undulator segment. There are 33 BLMs in the system, one per segment. The detectors are read out by a dedicated system that is integrated directly into the LCLS MPS. The BLM readout system provides monitoring of radiation levels, computation of integrated doses, detection of radiation excursions beyond set thresholds, fault reporting and control of BLM system functions. This paper describes the design, construction and operational performance of the BLM readout system.

Dusatko, John; Browne, M.; Fisher, A.S.; Kotturi, D.; Norum, S.; Olsen, J.; /SLAC

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

436

Save energy | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy Stamp out energy waste Find cost-effective investments Engage occupants Purchase energy-saving products Put computers to sleep Get help from an expert Take a comprehensive...

437

Improving the Fermilab Booster Notching Efficiency, Beam Losses and Radiation Levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast vertical 1.08-m long kicker (notcher) located in the Fermilab Booster Long-05 straight section is currently used to remove 3 out of 84 circulating bunches after injection to generate an abort gap. With the maximum magnetic field of 72.5 Gauss, it removes only 87% of the 3-bunch intensity at 400 MeV, with 75% loss on pole tips of the focusing Booster magnets, 11% on the Long-06 collimators, and 1% in the rest of the ring. We propose to improve the notching efficiency and reduce beam loss in the Booster by using three horizontal kickers in the Long-12 section. STRUCT calculations show that using horizontal notchers, one can remove up to 96% of the 3-bunch intensity at 400-700 MeV, directing 95% of it to a new beam dump at the Long-13 section. This fully decouples notching and collimation. The beam dump absorbs most of the impinging proton energy in its jaws. The latter are encapsulated into an appropriate radiation shielding that reduces impact on the machine components, personnel and environment to the tolerable levels. MARS simulations show that corresponding prompt and residual radiation levels can be reduced ten times compared to the current ones.

Rakhno, I.L.; Drozhdin, A.I.; Mokhov, N.V.; Sidorov, V.I.; Tropin, I.S.; /Fermilab

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

438

Energy Basics: Ocean Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Tidal Energy Wave Energy...

439

Plant energy auditing | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track, and benchmark Improve energy performance ENERGY STAR industrial partnership Energy guides Energy efficiency and air regulation Plant energy auditing Industrial...

440

Improve energy performance | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track, and benchmark Improve energy performance ENERGY STAR industrial partnership Energy guides Energy efficiency and air regulation Plant energy auditing Industrial...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance: Phase 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 09 Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance: Phase 2 November 2004 Prepared by S. M. Chin O. Franzese D. L. Greene H. L. Hwang Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee R. C. Gibson The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov

442

Modeling of lead-acid battery capacity loss in a photovoltaic application  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed a model for the probabilistic behavior of a rechargeable battery acting as the energy storage component in a photovoltaic power supply system. Stochastic and deterministic models are created to simulate the behavior of the system components. The components are the solar resource, the photovoltaic power supply system, the rechargeable battery, and a load. One focus of this research is to model battery state of charge and battery capacity as a function of time. The capacity damage effect that occurs during deep discharge is introduced via a non-positive function of duration and depth of deep discharge events. Because the form of this function is unknown and varies with battery type, the authors model it with an artificial neural network (ANN) whose parameters are to be trained with experimental data. The battery capacity loss model will be described and a numerical example will be presented showing the predicted battery life under different PV system use scenarios.

JUNGST,RUDOLPH G.; URBINA,ANGEL; PAEZ,THOMAS L.

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

443

The Rationality of EIA Forecasts under Symmetric and Asymmetric Loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prices Natural Gas Wellhead Prices Coal Prices to Electricgas imports, world oil price, coal prices to electricFor energy intensity and coal prices to electric generating

Auffhammer, Maximilian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy; · increase efficiency and productivity of the existing energy infrastructure; · bring clean lives of Americans by productively enhancing their energy choices and quality of life. Energy Efficiency Performance and Sustainable Buildings by 2015 Design all new Federal buildings which begin the planning

445

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

446

Analysis of the working process and mechanical losses in a Stirling engine for a solar power unit  

SciTech Connect

In this paper a second level mathematical model for the computational simulation of the working process of a 1-kW Stirling engine has been used and the results obtained are presented. The internal circuit of the engine in the calculation scheme was divided into five chambers, namely, the expansion space, heater, regenerator, cooler and the compression space, and the governing system of ordinary differential equations for the energy and mass conservation were solved in each chamber by Euler`s method. In addition, mechanical losses in the construction of the engine have been determined and the computational results show that the mechanical losses for this particular design of the Stirling engine may be up to 50% of the indicated power of the engine.

Makhkamov, K.K. [Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Physical and Technical Inst.; Ingham, D.B. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). Dept. of Applied Mathematics

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Variance Ratios, Loss of Energy and Regression in Satellite Temperature Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent papers have reported that temperatures from satellites lack the variance found in radiosonde temperatures. Because of these results, we performed an experiment to distinguish between limitations of the satellite processing system ...

Larry M. McMillin; Charles A. Dean

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Pitch and Energy Resolved Fast Ion Losses in the DIII-D Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 55, 348 (2010)52nd American Physical Society Annual Meeting of Division of Plasma Physics Chicago Illinois, US, 2010999618675

Pace, D.C.

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

449

Plasma ion heating and energy loss from alpha-particle micro-instabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An engineering model is described which scopes the effect of a velocity space relaxation of fast alphas on a quasi-linear time scale. An approximation for the ion heating is given. (MOW)

Sutton, W.R.; Choi, C.K.; Miley, G.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Spectroscopic imaging of electron energy loss spectra using ab initio data and function field visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA b Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Atomic-scale structure is the basis of all properties microscopy plays an important role in the atomic-scale characterization of materials, especially

Pennycook, Steve

451

Surfactant loss: Effects of temperature, salinity, and wettability  

SciTech Connect

Adsorption of sodium dodecylsulfate, Triton X-100, decyltrimethylammonium bromide surfactants onto silica gel and Berea sandstone mineral surfaces has been studied as a function of temperature, solution salt concentration, and mineral surface wettability. Adsorption studies using a flow calorimeter were conducted using pure surfactants and minerals. The studies were then extended to the adsorption of one type of commercial surfactant onto both consolidated and crushed Berea sandstone using column techniques. This has allowed the comparison of different methods to evaluate surfactant losses from flowing rather than static surfactant solutions. 20 refs., 15 figs., 37 tabs.

Noll, L.A.; Gall, B.L.; Crocker, M.E.; Olsen, D.K.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Spin flip loss in magnetic storage of ultracold neutrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the depolarization of ultracold neutrons confined in a magnetic field configuration similar to those used in existing or proposed magneto-gravitational storage experiments aiming at a precise measurement of the neutron lifetime. We use an approximate quantum mechanical analysis such as pioneered by Walstrom \\emph{et al} [Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 599, 82 (2009)]. Our analysis is not restricted to purely vertical modes of neutron motion. The lateral motion is shown to cause the predominant depolarization loss in a magnetic storage trap.

A. Steyerl; C. Kaufman; G. Müller; S. S. Malik; A. M. Desai

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

453

No loss fueling station for liquid natural gas vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a no loss fueling station for delivery of liquid natural gas (LNG) to a use device such as a motor vehicle. It comprises: a pressure building tank holding a quantity of LNG and gas head; means for delivering LNG to the pressure building tank; means for selectively building the pressure in the pressure building tank; means for selectively reducing the pressure in the pressure building tank; means for controlling the pressure building and pressure reducing means to maintain a desired pressure in the pressure building tank without venting natural gas to the atmosphere; and means for delivering the LNG from the pressure building tank to the use device.

Cieslukowski, R.E.

1992-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

454

Loss compensated negative index material at optical wavelengths  

SciTech Connect

We present a computational approach, allowing for a self-consistent treatment of three-dimensional (3D) fishnet metamaterial operating at 710 nm wavelength coupled to a gain material incorporated into the nanostructure. We show numerically that loss-free negative index material is achievable by incorporating gain material inside the fishnet structure. The effective gain coefficient of the combined fishnet-gain system is much larger than its bulk counterpart and the figure-of-merit (FOM = | Re(n)/Im(n) |) increases dramatically with gain. Transmission, reflection, and absorption data, as well as the retrieved effective parameters, are presented for the fishnet structure with and without gain.

Fang, Anan; Huang, Zhixiang; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

Doors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Doors Doors Doors June 18, 2012 - 9:19am Addthis Although many people choose wood doors for their beauty, insulated steel and fiberglass doors are more energy-efficient. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/cstewart Although many people choose wood doors for their beauty, insulated steel and fiberglass doors are more energy-efficient. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/cstewart Your home's exterior doors can contribute significantly to air leakage, and can also waste energy through conduction, especially if it's old, uninsulated, improperly installed, and/or improperly air sealed. Weatherstripping can reduce the energy losses due to air leakage. Selecting New Exterior Doors New exterior doors often fit and insulate better than older types. If you have older doors in your home, replacing them might be a good investment,

456

Doors | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Doors Doors Doors June 18, 2012 - 9:19am Addthis Although many people choose wood doors for their beauty, insulated steel and fiberglass doors are more energy-efficient. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/cstewart Although many people choose wood doors for their beauty, insulated steel and fiberglass doors are more energy-efficient. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/cstewart Your home's exterior doors can contribute significantly to air leakage, and can also waste energy through conduction, especially if it's old, uninsulated, improperly installed, and/or improperly air sealed. Weatherstripping can reduce the energy losses due to air leakage. Selecting New Exterior Doors New exterior doors often fit and insulate better than older types. If you have older doors in your home, replacing them might be a good investment,

457

Energy-Efficient Window Treatments | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Window Treatments Energy-Efficient Window Treatments Energy-Efficient Window Treatments September 25, 2012 - 9:04am Addthis The awnings on this home shade the windows and generate electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jhorrocks The awnings on this home shade the windows and generate electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jhorrocks What does this mean for me? Window treatments can reduce energy use in your home, and are less expensive than purchasing new, energy-efficient windows. In addition to saving energy, window treatments can be aesthetic additions to your home. You can choose window treatments or coverings not only for decoration but also for saving energy. Some carefully selected window treatments can reduce heat loss in the winter and heat gain in the summer. Window

458

Loss of spent fuel pool cooling PRA: Model and results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This letter report documents models for quantifying the likelihood of loss of spent fuel pool cooling; models for identifying post-boiling scenarios that lead to core damage; qualitative and quantitative results generated for a selected plant that account for plant design and operational practices; a comparison of these results and those generated from earlier studies; and a review of available data on spent fuel pool accidents. The results of this study show that for a representative two-unit boiling water reactor, the annual probability of spent fuel pool boiling is 5 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} and the annual probability of flooding associated with loss of spent fuel pool cooling scenarios is 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}3}. Qualitative arguments are provided to show that the likelihood of core damage due to spent fuel pool boiling accidents is low for most US commercial nuclear power plants. It is also shown that, depending on the design characteristics of a given plant, the likelihood of either: (a) core damage due to spent fuel pool-associated flooding, or (b) spent fuel damage due to pool dryout, may not be negligible.

Siu, N.; Khericha, S.; Conroy, S.; Beck, S.; Blackman, H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Kuhn Losses Regained: Van Vleck from Spectra to Susceptibilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We follow the trajectory of John H. Van Vleck from his 1926 Bulletin for the National Research Council (NRC) on the old quantum theory to his 1932 book, The Theory of Electric and Magnetic Susceptibilities. We highlight the continuity of formalism and technique in the transition from dealing with spectra in the old quantum theory to dealing with susceptibilities in the new quantum mechanics. Our main focus is on the checkered history of a numerical factor in the Langevin-Debye formula for the electric susceptibility of gases. Classical theory predicts that this factor is equal to 1/3. The old quantum theory predicted values up to 14 times higher. Van Vleck showed that quantum mechanics does away with this "wonderful nonsense" (as Van Vleck called it) and restores the classical value 1/3. The Langevin-Debye formula thus provides an instructive example of a Kuhn loss in one paradigm shift that was regained in the next. In accordance with Kuhn's expectation that textbooks sweep Kuhn losses under the rug, Van Vle...

Midwinter, Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management: Energy Education .... A Suggestion for Establishing Energy Management Policy in ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tem energy losses" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Energy Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Energy Portal. Energy Portal - Overview. ... see all Energy programs and projects ... Instruments. Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

Motor voltage asymmetry influence to the efficient energy usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of the effect of unbalanced voltages on the three-phase induction motor is presented in the paper. Since the unbalanced voltage of 2%, 3.5% and 5% increase in losses could reach, in the same order, the amount of 8%, 25% and 50% of nominal power ... Keywords: asymetry, energy efficiency, induction motor, power losses, standard

Miloje Kostic; Aleksandar Nikolic

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Heat-Loss Testing of Solel's UVAC3 Parabolic Trough Receiver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For heat-loss testing on two Solel UVAC3 parabolic trough receivers, a correlation developed predicts receiver heat loss as a function of the difference between avg absorber and ambient temperatures.

Burkholder, F.; Kutscher, C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Losses of Offsite Power at U.S. Nuclear Power Plants - 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the loss of offsite power experience at U.S. nuclear power plants during the year 2011 and provides insights into the causes of offsite power losses during the period 2002–2011.

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

465

Diagnostics for Causes of Packet Loss in a High Performance Data Transfer System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

limited to the current loss rate and some measure of historical loss rates. Arguably, this limited view of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Coordinated Science Laboratory, University of Illinois Urbana

Dickens, Phillip M.

466

Wetland Loss Is Not The Fault of Any One Company | America's ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wetland Loss Is Not The Fault of Any One Company. By: Berwick Duvall II, Houma Courrier | 9.28.2007 September 28, 2007 Wetlands loss is not the fault ...

467

Nonlinear and linear models for losses of plug in hybrid electric vehicle: A computation approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents nonlinear and linear models for the losses of Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). An accurate model to calculate the PHEV losses for just one vehicle is not remarkable. However

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

A Method for Estimating Crop Losses from Hail in Uninsured Periods and Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The insurance industry, insurance regulatory bodies, and scientists investigating climate change all desire long records of hail losses. Existing loss records for some states cover the 1948–present period; this span is helpful but is not long ...

David Changnon; Stanley A. Changnon; Suzy S. Changnon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Regional earthquake loss estimation : role of transportation network, sensitivity and uncertainty, and risk mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large earthquakes near densely populated areas such as the 1994 Northridge and 1995 Kobe events have caused extensive damage to the physical infrastructure and losses to the regional and national economies. Economic losses ...

Karaca, Erdem, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency, energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Energy Efficiency Page reflects EIA's information on energy efficiency and related information. This site provides an in depth discussion of the concept of energy ...

471

Closeout of IE Bulletin 80-15: Possible loss of Emergency Notification System (ENS) with loss of offsite power  

SciTech Connect

Documentation is provided in this report for the closeout of IE Bulletin 80-15 for nuclear power reactors. This bulletin pertained to a possible loss of the Emergency Notification System (ENS) upon loss of offsite power. Closeout is based on the implementation and verification of six (6) required actions by licensees of nuclear power reactors in operation or near to receiving an operating license when the bulletin was issued on June 18, 1980. Evaluation of utility responses and NRC/Region inspection reports indicates that the bulletin is closed for all of the 69 nuclear power reactors to which it was issued for action and which were not shut down indefinitely or permanently at the time of issuance of this report. Background information is supplied in the Introduction and Appendix A. Nuclear fuel facilities as well as nuclear power facilities were identified in the enclosures to the bulletin. However, per an NRC memorandum, the closeout of the bulletin for nuclear fuel facilities is not within the scope of this report.

Foley, W.J.; Dean, R.S.; Hennick, A. (Parameter, Inc., Elm Grove, WI (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Using Zeolites Synthesized from Fly Ash to Reduce Ammonia Loss to the Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim report describes studies using zeolites synthesized from fly ash to reduce ammonia loss to the environment.

2002-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 en Energy Efficiency: Helping Home Owners and Businesses Understand Energy Usage http:energy.govarticlesenergy-efficiency-helping-home-owners-and-businesses-understand-energy...

474

Energy Basics: Renewable Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Renewable Energy Technologies Renewable energy...

475

Energy Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Energy Policy Energy Secretary Steven Chu speaks with President Barack Obama. | Energy Department Photo Energy Secretary Steven Chu speaks with President Barack Obama. |...

476

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sources Energy Sources Renewable Energy Learn more about Solar, Water, Biomass, Geothermal and Wind Energy. Read more Nuclear Learn more about how we use Nuclear Energy. Read more...

477

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation Energy Sources Energy Sources Renewable Energy Learn more about Solar, Water, Biomass, Geothermal and Wind Energy. Read more Nuclear Learn more about how we...

478

Leonardo Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Resource Type: Webinar, Training materials Website: www.leonardo-energy.org References: Leonardo Energy 1 "Leonardo...

479

Dry matter losses during hay production and storage of sweet sorghum used for methane production  

SciTech Connect

Losses from production and storage of large round hay bales from sweet sorghum were measured. Dry matter losses from hay production were 55.3%. Storage losses were 18.1% and 10.1% for outdoor and indoor storage, respectively. It was concluded hay storage of sweet sorghum used for anaerobic digestion is not a viable option.

Coble, C.G.; Egg, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Selective Loss and Preservation of Biographical Knowledge: Implications for Representation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper we review the evidence from individual patients with either selective loss or preservation of personrelated knowledge (e.g. recognition of a person as famous, knowledge of a person's occupation, nationality and any uniquely identifying information) in public and autobiographical domains, associated with various pathologies (e.g. cerebrovascular involvement, herpes simplex viral encephalitis, particular forms of dementia). Furthermore, we address explanations of the phenomena and raise issues for future research. The focus of our review is on conceptual representation in semantic memory rather than on pure expressive problems, as difficulties in retrieving names (in proper name anomia, for example) appear to involve separate levels of processing (e.g. Valentine et al., 1996)

Catherine Haslam; Janice Kay; J. Richard Hanley

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Generator loss of field study for AEP's Rockport plant  

SciTech Connect

Generator loss of field (LOF) conditions occur rarely. However, when LOF and consequent out-of-step conditions occur, the resultant high currents and pulsating torques can damage the turbine-generator under some conditions. Also the electrical system near the disturbance can be impacted by abnormal levels and cyclic swings of power, VArs, and voltages. This article describes the computed performance of AEP's remotely-located 2600 MW Rockport plant after simulated LOF disturbances to one of its 1300 MW cross-compound units. It shows the transmission facilities near Rockport, as well as nearby plants. Because of this topology, LOF on one unit can significantly impact the adjacent Rockport unit, and the reactive power drain could impose a heavy burden on transmission, impacting local voltages.

Rana, R.D.; Schulz, R.P.; Heyeck, M.; Boyer, T.R. Jr. (American Electric Power, Inc., Canton, OH (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Instrumentation for Evaluating PV System Performance Losses from Snow  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When designing a photovoltaic (PV) system for northern climates, the prospective installation should be evaluated with respect to the potentially detrimental effects of snow preventing solar radiation from reaching the PV cells. The extent to which snow impacts performance is difficult to determine because snow events also increase the uncertainty of the solar radiation measurement, and the presence of snow needs to be distinguished from other events that can affect performance. This paper describes two instruments useful for evaluating PV system performance losses from the presence of snow: (1) a pyranometer with a heater to prevent buildup of ice and snow, and (2) a digital camera for remote retrieval of images to determine the presence of snow on the PV array.

Marion, B.; Rodriguez, J.; Pruett, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Starlight and Sandstorms: Mass Loss Mechanisms on the AGB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are strong observational indications that the dense slow winds of cool luminous AGB stars are driven by radiative pressure on dust grains which form in the extended atmospheres resulting from pulsation-induced shocks. For carbon stars, detailed models of outflows driven by amorphous carbon grains show good agreement with observations. Some still existing discrepancies may be due to a simplified treatment of cooling in shocks, drift of the grains relative to the gas, or effects of giant convection cells or dust-induced pattern formation. For stars with C/O alternative is scattering by Fe-free silicate grains with radii of a few tenths of a micron. In this scenario one should expect less circumstellar reddening for M- and S-type AGB stars than for C-stars with comparable stellar parameters and mass loss rates.

Höfner, Susanne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Overview of NASA supported Stirling thermodynamic loss research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is funding research to characterize Stirling machine thermodynamic losses. NASA`s primary goal is to improve Stirling design codes to support engine development for space and terrestrial power. However, much of the fundamental data is applicable to Stirling cooler and heat pump applications. The research results are reviewed. Much has been learned about oscillating-flow hydrodynamics, including laminar/turbulent transition, and tabulated data has been documented for further analysis. Now, with a better understanding of the oscillator-flow field, it is time to begin measuring the effects of oscillating flow and oscillating pressure level on heat transfer in heat exchanger flow passages and in cylinders. This critical phase of the work is just beginning.

Tew, R.C.; Geng, S.M.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

BOOSTER GOLD BEAM INJECTION EFFICIENCY AND BEAM LOSS  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the BNL requires the AGS to provide Gold beam with the intensity of 10{sup 9} ions per bunch. Over the years, the Tandem Van de Graaff has provided steadily increasing intensity of gold ion beams to the AGS Booster. However, the gold beam injection efficiency at the Booster has been found to decrease with the rising intensity of injected beams. As the result, for Tandem beams of the highest intensity, the Booster late intensity is lower than with slightly lower intensity Tandem beam. In this article, the authors present two experiments associated with the Booster injection efficiency and beam intensity. One experiment looks at the Booster injection efficiency by adjusting the Tandem beam intensity, and another looks at the beam life time while scraping the beam in the Booster. The studies suggest that the gold beam injection efficiency at the AGS Booster is related to the beam loss in the ring, rather than the intensity of injected beam or circulating beam. A close look at the effect of the lost gold ion at the Booster injection leads to the prediction that the lost gold ion creates large number of positive ions, and even larger number of electrons. The lost gold beam is also expected to create large numbers of neutral particles. In 1998 heavy ion run, the production of positive ions and electrons due to the lost gold beam has been observed. Also the high vacuum pressure due to the beam loss, presumably because of the neutral particles it created, has been measured. These results will be reported elsewhere.

ZHANG,S.Y.; AHRENS,L.A.

1998-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

486

Network flow model for multi-energy systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel approach to model networks with multiple energy carrier. The proposed nodal matrix establishes a link between an optimization of enclosed areas and their interconnections via networks. In the envisioned network flow model ... Keywords: energy conversion, energy hubs, grids, line losses, network flow, optimal power flow

Matthias Schulze; Goran Gašparovi?

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Fuel Cell Tri-Generation System Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Fuel Cell Tri-Generation System Case and analyze a range of realistic case studies for tri-generation systems. #12;National Renewable Energy Tri-Generation System Provides Hydrogen as an Additional Output Reformer 90100 43 Heat Loss (10

488

Wireless Network Interface Energy Consumption Implications of Popular Streaming Formats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

loss rates. We also explore history-based client-side strategies to reduce the energy consumed to conserve energy. We will present our results for the client-side history-based policy outlined in Section 2 seconds) History=1 History=2 History=3 History=4 History=5 (a) Energy consumed (28.8 Kbps) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

Chandra, Surendar

489

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

103.3 -- 112.7 -- -- -- -- not reported. aIEA data are for 2009. bLosses in CTL and biofuel production. c Energy consumption in the sectors includes electricity demand purchases...

490

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) FY06 Business and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the energy arena. World events drove oil prices to historic levels, and natural gas prices rose sharply during the heating season, in part because of the loss of...

491

Scintillator based detector for fast-ion losses induced by magnetohydrodynamic instabilities in the ASDEX upgrade tokamak  

SciTech Connect

A scintillator based detector for fast-ion losses has been designed and installed on the ASDEX upgrade (AUG) tokamak [A. Herrmann and O. Gruber, Fusion Sci. Technol. 44, 569 (2003)]. The detector resolves in time the energy and pitch angle of fast-ion losses induced by magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) fluctuations. The use of a novel scintillator material with a very short decay time and high quantum efficiency allows to identify the MHD fluctuations responsible for the ion losses through Fourier analysis. A Faraday cup (secondary scintillator plate) has been embedded behind the scintillator plate for an absolute calibration of the detector. The detector is mounted on a manipulator to vary its radial position with respect to the plasma. A thermocouple on the inner side of the graphite protection enables the safety search for the most adequate radial position. To align the scintillator light pattern with the light detectors a system composed by a lens and a vacuum-compatible halogen lamp has been allocated within the detector head. In this paper, the design of the scintillator probe, as well as the new technique used to analyze the data through spectrograms will be described. A last section is devoted to discuss the diagnosis prospects of this method for ITER [M. Shimada et al., Nucl. Fusion 47, S1 (2007)].

Garcia-Munoz, M.; Fahrbach, H.-U.; Zohm, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Collaboration: ASDEX Upgrade Team

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

Energy Programs | Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Solar Energy Harnessing the Sun's Power for Fuel and Electricity Page 1 of 2 Solar Panels Featured Publication: Artificial Photosynthesis The average power need of the world's energy economy is 13 terawatts - a thousand trillion watts of power - and by 2050, that amount is expected to double. Fossil fuels and other nonrenewable sources are not the answer to the world's ever-expanding need for energy. Also, burning oil, coal or natural gas pollutes the atmosphere and contributes to global warming, which threatens the long-term viability of the earth and its inhabitants. Efficient utilization of energy from the sun may provide a solution to this important problem. The amount of clean, renewable energy derived from the sun in just one hour would meet the world's energy needs for a year. If

493

Ion orbit loss and the poloidal electric field in a tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Monte Carlo simulation studies for ion orbit loss in limiter tokamaks show a poloidal asymmetry in ion loss arising from differences in ion orbit geometry. Since electron loss to the limiter is uniformly distributed because of its tiny orbit width, the nonuniform ion loss could cause a poloidal electric field that would tend to make the ion loss to the limiter more uniform. A simple analytical derivation of this poloidal electric field and a discussion of its effects ion movement and transport are also presented.

Xiao, H.; Hazeltine, R.D.; Valanju, P.M.

1994-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

494

Oblique inlet pressure loss for swirling flow entering a catalyst substrate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This experimental study investigates the oblique inlet pressure loss for the entry of an annular swirling flow into an automotive catalyst substrate. The results are applicable to a wide range of compact heat exchangers. For zero swirl, the total pressure loss agrees with established expressions for pressure loss in developing laminar flow in parallel channels with finite wall thickness. For positive swirl, the additional pressure loss due to oblique flow entry is correlated to the tangential velocity upstream of the catalyst, measured using laser-Doppler anemometry. The obtained oblique inlet pressure loss correlation can improve the accuracy of numerical calculations of the flow distribution in catalysts. (author)

Persoons, T.; Vanierschot, M.; Van den Bulck, E. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Celestijnenlaan 300A, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

INCREASED UNDERSTANDING OF BEAM LOSSES FROM THE SNS LINAC PROTON EXPERIMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Beam loss is a major concern for high power hadron accelerators such as the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). An unexpected beam loss in the SNS superconducting linac (SCL) was observed during the power ramp up and early operation. Intra-beam-stripping (IBS) loss, in which interactions between H- particles within the accelerated bunch strip the outermost electron, was recently identified as a possible cause of the beam loss. A set of experiments using proton beam acceleration in the SNS linac was conducted, which supports IBS as the primary beam loss mechanism in the SNS SCL.

Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL; Shishlo, Andrei P [ORNL; Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Lebedev, Valerie [FNAL; Laface, Emanuele [ESS; Galambos, John D [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Solar receiver protection means and method for loss of coolant flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are disclosed for preventing a solar receiver utilizing a flowing coolant liquid for removing heat energy therefrom from overheating after a loss of coolant flow. Solar energy is directed to the solar receiver by a plurality of reflectors which rotate so that they direct solar energy to the receiver as the earth rotates. The apparatus disclosed includes a first storage tank for containing a first predetermined volume of the coolant and a first predetermined volume of gas at a first predetermined pressure. The first storage tank includes an inlet and outlet through which the coolant can enter and exit. The apparatus also includes a second storage tank for containing a second predetermined volume of the coolant and a second predetermined volume of the gas at a second predetermined pressure, the second storage tank having an inlet through which the coolant can enter. The first and second storage tanks are in fluid communication with each other through the solar receiver. The first and second predetermined coolant volumes, the first and second gas volumes, and the first and second predetermined pressures are chosen so that a predetermined volume of the coolant liquid at a predetermined rate profile will flow from the first storage tank through the solar receiver and into the second storage tank. Thus, in the event of a power failure so that coolant flow ceases and the solar reflectors stop rotating, a flow rate maintained by the pressure differential between the first and second storage tanks will be sufficient to maintain the coolant in the receiver below a predetermined upper temperature until the solar reflectors become defocused with respect to the solar receiver due to the earth's rotation.

Glasgow, L.E.

1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

497

Solar receiver protection means and method for loss of coolant flow  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for preventing a solar receiver (12) utilizing a flowing coolant liquid for removing heat energy therefrom from overheating after a loss of coolant flow. Solar energy is directed to the solar receiver (12) by a plurality of reflectors (16) which rotate so that they direct solar energy to the receiver (12) as the earth rotates. The apparatus disclosed includes a first storage tank (30) for containing a first predetermined volume of the coolant and a first predetermined volume of gas at a first predetermined pressure. The first storage tank (30) includes an inlet and outlet through which the coolant can enter and exit. The apparatus also includes a second storage tank (34) for containing a second predetermined volume of the coolant and a second predetermined volume of the gas at a second predetermined pressure, the second storage tank (34) having an inlet through which the coolant can enter. The first and second storage tanks (30) and (34) are in fluid communication with each other through the solar receiver (12). The first and second predetermined coolant volumes, the first and second gas volumes, and the first and second predetermined pressures are chosen so that a predetermined volume of the coolant liquid at a predetermined rate profile will flow from the first storage tank (30) through the solar receiver (12) and into the second storage tank (34). Thus, in the event of a power failure so that coolant flow ceases and the solar reflectors (16) stop rotating, a flow rate maintained by the pressure differential between the first and second storage tanks (30) and (34) will be sufficient to maintain the coolant in the receiver (12) below a predetermined upper temperature until the solar reflectors (16) become defocused with respect to the solar receiver (12) due to the earth's rotation.

Glasgow, Lyle E. (Westlake Village, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

DIVERSITY OF LUMINOUS SUPERNOVAE FROM NON-STEADY MASS LOSS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that the diversity in the density slope of the dense wind due to non-steady mass loss can be one way to explain the spectral diversity of Type II luminous supernovae (LSNe). The interaction of SN ejecta and wind surrounding it is considered to be a power source to illuminate LSNe because many LSNe show the wind signature in their spectra (Type IIn LSNe). However, there also exist LSNe without the spectral features caused by the wind (Type IIL LSNe). We show that, even if LSNe are illuminated by the interaction, it is possible that they do not show the narrow spectra from the wind if we take into account the non-steady mass loss of their progenitors. When the shock breakout takes place in a dense wind with the density structure {rho}{proportional_to}r{sup -w}, the ratio of the diffusion timesca