Sample records for technology type oscillating

  1. technology offer Non-Intrusive Remote Oscillator Measurement for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    technology offer Non-Intrusive Remote Oscillator Measurement for Distributed Systems based on Flex are quite intrusive: they require physical access to each single node and might interrupt system operation

  2. Stochastic excitation and damping of solar-type oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Houdek

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review on acoustic mode damping and excitation in solar-type stars is presented. Current models for linear damping rates are discussed in the light of recent low-degree solar linewidth measurements with emphasis on the frequency-dependence of damping rates of low-order modes. Recent developments in stochastic excitation models are reviewed and tested against the latest high-quality data of solar-like oscillations, such as from alpha Cen A, and against results obtained from hydrodynamical simulations.

  3. Cosmological implications of two types of baryon acoustic oscillation data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Yazhou; Li, Nan; Wang, Shuang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aims: We explore the cosmological implications of two types of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) data that are extracted by using the spherically averaged one-dimensional galaxy clustering (GC) statistics (hereafter BAO1) and the anisotropic two-dimensional GC statistics (hereafter BAO2), respectively. Methods: Firstly, making use of the BAO1 and the BAO2 data, as well as the SNLS3 type Ia supernovae sample and the Planck distance priors data, we constrain the parameter spaces of the $\\Lambda$CDM, the $w$CDM, and the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder (CPL) model. Then, we discuss the impacts of different BAO data on parameter estimation, equation of state $w$, figure of merit and deceleration-acceleration transition redshift. At last, we use various dark energy diagnosis, including Hubble diagram $H(z)$, deceleration diagram $q(z)$, statefinder hierarchy $\\{S^{(1)}_3, S^{(1)}_4\\}$, composite null diagnosic (CND) $\\{S^{(1)}_3, \\epsilon(z)\\}$ and $\\{S^{(1)}_4, \\epsilon(z)\\}$, to distinguish the differences between the...

  4. Resistance Fluctuations and AharonovBohm-Type Oscillations in Antidot Arrays in the Quantum Hall Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iye, Yasuhiro

    Resistance Fluctuations and Aharonov­Bohm-Type Oscillations in Antidot Arrays in the Quantum Hall fluctuations (RFs) and the other is the Aharonov­Bohm (AB)-type oscillations. Their dependences on the magnetic field and the gate voltage are quite distinct. While the aperiodic RFs are attributed to the complex

  5. Duffing-type oscillators with amplitude-independent period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, Richard H.

    , Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, 21125 Novi Sad, Serbia, e-mail: ivanakov], in which the kinetic energy Ek and potential energy Ep of nonlinear oscillators are made equal to the one/2, obtaining X = 2Ep. (6) Then, we also make the kinetic energy Ek of nonlinear oscillators equal to the one

  6. MHK Technologies/Vortex Oscillation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconverter < MHKDUCKInformationflowOscillation

  7. MHK Technologies/Nesheim Oscillating Device | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. MHK Technologies/Yu Oscillating Generator YOG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Property:Technology Type | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethod Jump to:This property isType" Showing 25 pages using

  10. Inhibitory coupling specifically generates emergent gamma oscillations in diverse cell types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huguenard, John R.

    phase-locked action potentials during gamma oscillations in entorhinal cortex slices (11). However­3). Isolated networks of FS cells generate emergent gamma oscillations in response to tonic excitation at particular phases of gamma oscillations and or intrinsically oscillate at gamma frequencies and may

  11. Exact solution of D{sub N}-type quantum Calogero model through a mapping to free harmonic oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, Pratyay; Basu-Mallick, B. [Theory Group, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve the eigenvalue problem of the D{sub N}-type of Calogero model by mapping it to a set of decoupled quantum harmonic oscillators through a similarity transformation. In particular, we construct the eigenfunctions of this Calogero model from those of bosonic harmonic oscillators having either all even parity or all odd parity. It turns out that the eigenfunctions of this model are orthogonal with respect to a nontrivial inner product, which can be derived from the quasi-Hermiticity property of the corresponding conserved quantities.

  12. The su(1,1) dynamical algebra from the Schrödinger ladder operators for N-dimensional systems: hydrogen atom, Mie-type potential, harmonic oscillator and pseudo-harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Martinez; J. C. Flores-Urbina; R. D. Mota; V. D. Granados

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply the Schr\\"odinger factorization to construct the ladder operators for hydrogen atom, Mie-type potential, harmonic oscillator and pseudo-harmonic oscillator in arbitrary dimensions. By generalizing these operators we show that the dynamical algebra for these problems is the $su(1,1)$ Lie algebra.

  13. MHK Technologies/Floating Duck Type Device | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHK Projects JumpPlaneElectricBuoy.jpg TechnologyDuck Type

  14. Technology and social process : oscillations in Iron Age copper production and power in Southern Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yosef, Erez

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yosef, E. , 2008. Technology and Society: Some Insights onYosef, E. , 2008a. Technology and Society: Some Insights onweb’) between technology and society (Chapter 1) and the

  15. Suppression of the asymmetric modes for experimentally achieving gigawatt-level radiation from a Ku-band Cerenkov type oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Hua; Shu, Ting, E-mail: mrtingshu@qq.com; Ju, Jinchuan; Wu, Dapeng; Bai, Zhen [College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the analysis and suppression of asymmetric modes in a Ku-band Cerenkov-type oscillator numerically and experimentally. The asymmetric modes generated in the initial experiments were identified to be HE{sub 11}, HE{sub 21}, and HE{sub 31} modes, respectively, by analyzing of the dispersion relationships, the simulation results and the experiment phenomenon. The factors, such as the cathode emission uniformity, the diode voltage, guiding magnetic field, and the concentricity play key roles in the excitation and suppression of these asymmetric modes. In the improved experiments, the asymmetric modes were suppressed effectively. In the improved experiments the asymmetric modes are suppressed effectively, and the designed TM{sub 01} mode microwave is generated at a frequency of 13.76 GHz with a power of 1.1 GW, which is in good agreement with numerically predications.

  16. 1 Industrial Electron Accelerators type ILU for Industrial Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    equipment - in not protected premises. The dimensions of main units of the various ILU machines are shown the beam extraction device, air pipes of ventillation system and technological equipment are placed

  17. Reflection type of terahertz imaging system using a high-T{sub c} superconducting oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kashiwagi, T.; Minami, H.; Kadowaki, K. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Nakade, K.; Saiwai, Y.; Kitamura, T.; Watanabe, C.; Ishida, K.; Sekimoto, S.; Asanuma, K.; Yasui, T.; Shibano, Y. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1, Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Markovi?, B.; Mirkovi?, J. [Faculty of Sciences, University of Montenegro, George Washington Str., 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Tsujimoto, M. [Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Yamamoto, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, Wide Bandgap Materials Group, Optical and Electronic Materials Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A reflection type of imaging system is shown at sub-terahertz frequencies generated from high-T{sub c} superconducting intrinsic Josephson junction mesa structures fabricated by single crystalline Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+?} to demonstrate how the sub-terahertz imaging technique using monochromatic radiation is powerful and unique for the variety of practical applications. Several examples are discussed in detail and are compared to other terahertz imaging systems.

  18. Technology and social process : oscillations in Iron Age copper production and power in Southern Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yosef, Erez

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ceramic finds whose typology and petrography were thought to be similar (except for the matrix)Matrix of the loci at Khirbat al-Jariya, Area A ……………….. 353 Table 5.14: Representative types of ceramic

  19. Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; W. Grimus

    1999-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This review is focused on neutrino mixing and neutrino oscillations in the light of the recent experimental developments. After discussing possible types of neutrino mixing for Dirac and Majorana neutrinos and considering in detail the phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and matter, we review all existing evidence and indications in favour of neutrino oscillations that have been obtained in the atmospheric, solar and LSND experiments. We present the results of the analyses of the neutrino oscillation data in the framework of mixing of three and four massive neutrinos and investigate possibilities to test the different neutrino mass and mixing schemes obtained in this way. We also discuss briefly future neutrino oscillation experiments.

  20. INTEGRATED GHz VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinget, Peter

    INTEGRATED GHz VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS Peter Kinget Bell Labs - Lucent Technologies Murray Hill, NJ (USA) Abstract The voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) is a critical sub. We focus on the de- sign of a critical sub-block: the voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). We review

  1. IMAGE: A new type of implantable device uses flexible silicon technology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    generation of active, flexible, implantable devices for applications in many areas of the body," says coIMAGE: A new type of implantable device uses flexible silicon technology. Click here for more-hugging implant maps heart electrical activity in unprecedented detail Next-generation devices pave way

  2. LSND neutrino oscillation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, W.C.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past several years, a number of experiments have searched for neutrino oscillations, where a neutrino of one type (say {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}) spontaneously transforms into a neutrino of another type (say {bar {nu}}{sub e}). For this phenomenon to occur, neutrinos must be massive and the apparent conservation law of lepton families must be violated. In 1995 the LSND experiment published data showing candidate events that are consistent with {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} oscillations. Additional data are reported here which provide stronger evidence for neutrino oscillations.

  3. Precipitation Hydrometeor Type Relative to the Mesoscale Airflow in Oceanic Deep Convection of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    1 Precipitation Hydrometeor Type Relative to the Mesoscale Airflow in Oceanic Deep located relative to mesoscale air motions Heavy rain and riming occur downstream of mesoscale Abstract Composite analysis of near-equatorial oceanic mesoscale convective systems (MCSs

  4. NOx Emission Reduction by Oscillating combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Institute of Gas Technology

    2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    High-temperature, natural gas-fired furnaces, especially those fired with preheated air, produce large quantities of NO{sub x} per ton of material processed. Regulations on emissions from industrial furnaces are becoming increasingly more stringent. In addition, competition is forcing operators to make their furnaces more productive and/or efficient. Switching from preheated air to industrial oxygen can increase efficiency and reduce NO{sub x}, but oxygen is significantly more costly than air and may not be compatible with the material being heated. What was needed, and what was developed during this project, is a technology that reduces NO{sub x} emissions while increasing furnace efficiency for both air- and oxy-fired furnaces. Oscillating combustion is a retrofit technology that involves the forced oscillation of the fuel flow rate to a furnace. These oscillations create successive, fuel-rich and fuel-lean zones within the furnace. Heat transfer from the flame to the load increases due to the more luminous fuel-rich zones, a longer overall flame length, and the breakup of the thermal boundary layer. The increased heat transfer shortens heat up times, thereby increasing furnace productivity, and reduces the heat going up the stack, thereby increasing efficiency. The fuel-rich and fuel-lean zones also produce substantially less NO{sub x} than firing at a constant excess air level. The longer flames and higher heat transfer rate reduces overall peak flame temperature and thus reduces additional NO{sub x} formation from the eventual mixing of the zones and burnout of combustibles from the rich zones. This project involved the development of hardware to implement oscillating combustion on an industrial scale, the laboratory testing of oscillating combustion on various types of industrial burners, and the field testing of oscillating combustion on several types of industrial furnace. Before laboratory testing began, a market study was conducted, based on the attributes of oscillating combustion and on the results of an earlier project at GTI and Air Liquide, to determine which applications for oscillating combustion would show the greatest probability for technical success and greatest probability for market acceptability. The market study indicated that furnaces in the steel, glass, and metal melting industries would perform well in both categories. These findings guided the selection of burners for laboratory testing and, with the results of the laboratory testing, guided the selection of field test sites.

  5. NOx Emission Reduction by Oscillating Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John C. Wagner

    2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    High-temperature, natural gas-fired furnaces, especially those fired with preheated air, produce large quantities of NO{sub x} per ton of material processed. Regulations on emissions from industrial furnaces are becoming increasingly more stringent. In addition, competition is forcing operators to make their furnaces more productive and/or efficient. Switching from preheated air to industrial oxygen can increase efficiency and reduce NO{sub x}, but oxygen is significantly more costly than air and may not be compatible with the material being heated. What was needed, and what was developed during this project, is a technology that reduces NO{sub x} emissions while increasing furnace efficiency for both air- and oxy-fired furnaces. Oscillating combustion is a retrofit technology that involves the forced oscillation of the fuel flow rate to a furnace. These oscillations create successive, fuel-rich and fuel-lean zones within the furnace. Heat transfer from the flame to the load increases due to the more luminous fuel-rich zones, a longer overall flame length, and the breakup of the thermal boundary layer. The increased heat transfer shortens heat up times, thereby increasing furnace productivity, and reduces the heat going up the stack, thereby increasing efficiency. The fuel-rich and fuel-lean zones also produce substantially less NO{sub x} than firing at a constant excess air level. The longer flames and higher heat transfer rate reduces overall peak flame temperature and thus reduces additional NO{sub x} formation from the eventual mixing of the zones and burnout of combustibles from the rich zones. This project involved the development of hardware to implement oscillating combustion on an industrial scale, the laboratory testing of oscillating combustion on various types of industrial burners, and the field testing of oscillating combustion on several types of industrial furnace. Before laboratory testing began, a market study was conducted, based on the attributes of oscillating combustion and on the results of an earlier project at GTI and Air Liquide, to determine which applications for oscillating combustion would show the greatest probability for technical success and greatest probability for market acceptability. The market study indicated that furnaces in the steel, glass, and metal melting industries would perform well in both categories. These findings guided the selection of burners for laboratory testing and, with the results of the laboratory testing, guided the selection of field test sites.

  6. UCI Student Information Technology Experience -Winter 2007 1. Please tell us how frequently you use various types of information technology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    and use them before most people I know. I usually use new technologies when most people I know do. I am usually one of the last people I know to use new technologies. I am skeptical of new technologies and use uses Power Point presentations in class, course on-line discussion groups, reading materials on

  7. APPLICATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY POLYMERS FOR THE IMMOBILIZATION AND SOLIDIFICATION OF COMPLEX LIQUID RADWASTE TYPES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelley, Dennis; Brunkow, Ward; Pokhitonov, Yuri; Starchenko, Vadim

    2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cold War era created a massive build-up of nuclear weapon stockpiles in the former Soviet Union and the United States. The primary objective during this period was the development of nuclear technologies for weapons, space and power with lack of attention to the impact of radioactive and hazardous waste products on the environment. Effective technologies for radioactive and hazardous waste treatment and disposal were not well investigated or promoted during the arms build-up; and consequently, environmental contamination has become a major problem. These problems in Russia and the United States are well documented. Significant amounts of liquid radwaste have existed since the 1950's. The current government of the Russian Federation is addressing the issues of land remediation and permanent storage of radwaste resulting from internal and external pressures for safe cleanup and storage. The Russian government seeks new technologies from internal sources and from the West that will provide high performance, long term stability, safe for transport and for long-term storage of liquid radwaste at a reasonable economic cost. With the great diversity of liquid chemical compositions and activity levels, it is important to note that these waste products cannot be processed with commonly used methods. Different techniques and materials can be used for this problem resolution including the use of polymer materials that are capable of forming chemically stable, solidified waste products. In 2001, the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia) and Pacific World Trade (Indianapolis, Indiana) began an extensive research and test program to determine the effectiveness and performance of high technology polymers for the immobilization and solidification of complex liquid radwaste types generated by the Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), Russia, organization. The high tech polymers used in the tests were provided by Nochar, Inc. (Indianapolis, Indiana).

  8. On The Harmonic Oscillator Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raquel M. Lopez; Sergei K. Suslov; Jose M. Vega-Guzman

    2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the maximum kinematical invariance group of the quantum harmonic oscillator from a view point of the Ermakov-type system. A six parameter family of the square integrable oscillator wave functions, which seems cannot be obtained by the standard separation of variables, is presented as an example. The invariance group of generalized driven harmonic oscillator is shown to be isomorphic to the corresponding Schroedinger group of the free particle.

  9. The Quantum Harmonic Oscillator C. David Sherrill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    The Quantum Harmonic Oscillator C. David Sherrill School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Georgia Institute of Technology February 2002 1 Introduction The harmonic oscillator is extremely useful by coupled harmonic oscillators. The atoms are viewed as point masses which are connected by bonds which act

  10. Power oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oscillator includes an amplifier having an input and an output, and an impedance transformation network connected between the input of the amplifier and the output of the amplifier, wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to provide suitable positive feedback from the output of the amplifier to the input of the amplifier to initiate and sustain an oscillating condition, and wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to protect the input of the amplifier from a destructive feedback signal. One example of the oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

  11. On the Production of Dissipation by Interaction of Forced Oscillating Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and parabolic type, oscillations, BKW Calculus, sta- bility. 1 Introduction In Section 1, we introduce

  12. A simple interpretation of the growth of scientific/technological research impact leading to hype-type evolution curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campani, Marco

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The empirical and theoretical justification of Gartner hype curves is a very relevant open question in the field of Technological Life Cycle analysis. The scope of the present paper is to introduce a simple model describing the growth of scientific/technological research impact, in the specific case where science is the main source of a new idea driving a technological development, leading to hype-type evolution curves. The main idea of the model is that, in a first stage, the growth of the scientific interest of a new specific field (as can be measured by publication numbers) basically follows the classical logistic growth curve. At a second stage, starting at a later trigger time, the technological development based on that scientific idea (as can be measured by patent deposits) can be described as the integral (in a mathematical sense) of the first curve, since technology is based on the overall accumulated scientific knowledge. The model is tested through a bibliometric analysis of the publication and pat...

  13. P-type and N-type multi-gate polycrystalline silicon vertical thin film transistors based on low-temperature technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    is obtained. P-type and N-type vertical TFTs have shown symmetric electrical characteristics. DifferentP-type and N-type multi-gate polycrystalline silicon vertical thin film transistors based on low) ABSTRACT P-type and N-type multi-gate vertical thin film transistors (vertical TFTs) have been fabricated

  14. Oscillator detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, B.M.

    1980-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An alien liquid detector employs a monitoring element and an oscillatory electronic circuit for maintaining the temperature of the monitoring element substantially above ambient temperature. The output wave form, eg., frequency of oscillation or wave shape, of the oscillatory circuit depends upon the temperaturedependent electrical characteristic of the monitoring element. A predetermined change in the output waveform allows water to be discriminated from another liquid, eg., oil. Features of the invention employing two thermistors in two oscillatory circuits include positioning one thermistor for contact with water and the other thermistor above the oil-water interface to detect a layer of oil if present. Unique oscillatory circuit arrangements are shown that achieve effective thermistor action with an economy of parts and energizing power. These include an operational amplifier employed in an astable multivibrator circuit, a discrete transistor-powered tank circuit, and use of an integrated circuit chip.

  15. Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesis of 2D AlloysTrails NewsTechnologyTechnology A

  16. Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesis of 2D AlloysTrails NewsTechnologyTechnology

  17. Magnetoatmospheric oscillations in sunspot umbrae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, S.S. (Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore (India))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of umbral oscillations is investigated using an empirical model for the sunspot umbra, based on the model of Maltby et al. (1986). Approximating the sunspot as a thick flux tube of circular cross section, the axisymmetric normal modes of magnetoatmospheric waves were determined, and a diagnostic diagram was generated for different field strengths. The diagram shows the existence of avoided crossings in the solution of magnetoatmospheric modes in a sunspot atmosphere. It was found that, for low values of the radial wavenumber k, corresponding to observed oscillations, a simple global classification is not possible. The oscillations in the low photosphere and below are of either fast or mixed type, but tend to acquire a slow or acoustic character above the temperature minimum. 61 refs.

  18. Holographic Charge Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mike Blake; Aristomenis Donos; David Tong

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Reissner-Nordstrom black hole provides the prototypical description of a holographic system at finite density. We study the response of this system to the presence of a local, charged impurity. Below a critical temperature, the induced charge density, which screens the impurity, exhibits oscillations. These oscillations can be traced to the singularities in the density-density correlation function moving in the complex momentum plane. At finite temperature, the oscillations are very similar to the Friedel oscillations seen in Fermi liquids. However, at zero temperature the oscillations in the black hole background remain exponentially damped, while Friedel oscillations relax to a power-law

  19. Voltage Oscillations in Power Distribution Networks in the Presence of DFIGs and Induction Motor Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Voltage Oscillations in Power Distribution Networks in the Presence of DFIGs and Induction Motor of oscillation between the electromechanical and subsynchronous oscillations of power systems. Time for the types of oscillations that occur in distribution systems. Finally, significant parameters of the system

  20. Rhythmic Robot Arm Control Using Oscillators Matthew M. Williamson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhythmic Robot Arm Control Using Oscillators Matthew M. Williamson MIT AI Lab, 545 Technology to robot arm con- trol based on exploiting the dynamical properties of a simple oscillator circuit coupled This paper presents an approach to robot arm con- trol that is computationally simple, and provides ro- bust

  1. Abstract--Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an emerging special type of ad-hoc wireless networks technology. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract-- Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an emerging special type of ad-hoc wireless networks the needs for special type of applications where Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can play an important role that differentiate it from other types of wireless networks. These differences raise new challenges to be overcome

  2. Why understanding neutrino interactions is important for oscillation physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. W. Walter

    2007-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainties in knowledge of neutrino interactions directly impact the ability to measure the parameters of neutrino oscillation. Experiments which make use of differing technologies and neutrino beams are sensitive to different uncertainties. Several experimental and theoretical issues are reviewed.

  3. Neutrino oscillations: another physics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. N. Vergeles

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the neutrino oscillations phenomenon may be attributed to the Wilson fermion doubling phenomenon. The Wilson fermion doubling exists only on the lattices, both periodic and non-periodic (simplicial complexes). Just the last case plays a key role here. Thereby, the neutrino oscillations may show for the existence of a space-time granularity.

  4. Active-bridge oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An active bridge oscillator is formed from a differential amplifier where positive feedback is a function of the impedance of one of the gain elements and a relatively low value common emitter resistance. This use of the nonlinear transistor parameter h stabilizes the output and eliminates the need for ALC circuits common to other bridge oscillators.

  5. Neutrino Oscillations and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Dolgov

    2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in cosmological plasma is considered. Neutrino oscillations in vacuum are usually described in plane wave approximation. In this formalism there is an ambiguity if one should assume $\\delta p =0$ and correspondingly $\\delta E\

  6. Neutrino oscillations: another physics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vergeles, S N

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the neutrino oscillations phenomenon may be attributed to the Wilson fermion doubling phenomenon. The Wilson fermion doubling exists only on the lattices, both periodic and non-periodic (simplicial complexes). Just the last case plays a key role here. Thereby, the neutrino oscillations may show for the existence of a space-time granularity.

  7. Secret of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Zhuridov

    2012-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The new effect of partial and full destruction of the neutrino oscillation pattern due to the neutrino wave packets separation in the transverse plane to the direction of the neutrino propagation is investigated. It is shown that this effect is significant in the real oscillation data, in particular, for the solar neutrinos, and dramatically changes the extracted physical properties of neutrinos.

  8. Oscillations at low energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, D A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A concise summary of the "Oscillation at low energies" parallel session at the 2014 Neutrino Oscillation Workshop is provided. Plans to use man-made neutrinos and antineutrinos to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy, search for sterile neutrinos, and to observe coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering were discussed. Potential measurements of solar neutrinos, supernova neutrinos, and geoneutrinos are also summarized.

  9. Neutrino oscillations beyond two flavours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2002-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    I review some theoretical aspects of neutrino oscillations in the case when more than two neutrino flavours are involved. These include: approximate analytic solutions for 3-flavour (3f) oscillations in matter; matter effects in nu_mu - nu_tau oscillations; 3f effects in oscillations of solar, atmospheric, reactor and supernova neutrinos and in accelerator long-baseline experiments; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; the problem of U_{e3}; 4f oscillations.

  10. Vortex Oscillation Technology Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeterUtah: Energydba Vision MotorVolusiaVortex

  11. The free energy cost of accurate biochemical oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yuansheng; Ouyang, Qi; Tu, Yuhai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oscillation is an important cellular process that regulates timing of different vital life cycles. However, in the noisy cellular environment, oscillations can be highly inaccurate due to phase fluctuations. It remains poorly understood how biochemical circuits suppress phase fluctuations and what is the incurred thermodynamic cost. Here, we study four different types of biochemical oscillations representing three basic oscillation motifs shared by all known oscillatory systems. We find that the phase diffusion constant follows the same inverse dependence on the free energy dissipation per period for all systems studied. This relationship between the phase diffusion and energy dissipation is shown analytically in a model of noisy oscillation. Microscopically, we find that the oscillation is driven by multiple irreversible cycles that hydrolyze the fuel molecules such as ATP; the number of phase coherent periods is proportional to the free energy consumed per period. Experimental evidence in support of this un...

  12. Driven harmonic oscillator as a quantum simulator for open systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jyrki Piilo; Sabrina Maniscalco

    2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We show theoretically how a driven harmonic oscillator can be used as a quantum simulator for non-Markovian damped harmonic oscillator. In the general framework, the results demonstrate the possibility to use a closed system as a simulator for open quantum systems. The quantum simulator is based on sets of controlled drives of the closed harmonic oscillator with appropriately tailored electric field pulses. The non-Markovian dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator is obtained by using the information about the spectral density of the open system when averaging over the drives of the closed oscillator. We consider single trapped ions as a specific physical implementation of the simulator, and we show how the simulator approach reveals new physical insight into the open system dynamics, e.g. the characteristic quantum mechanical non-Markovian oscillatory behavior of the energy of the damped oscillator, usually obtained by the non-Lindblad-type master equation, can have a simple semiclassical interpretation.

  13. High frequency nanotube oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, Haibing (Houston, TX); Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, TX)

    2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A tunable nanostructure such as a nanotube is used to make an electromechanical oscillator. The mechanically oscillating nanotube can be provided with inertial clamps in the form of metal beads. The metal beads serve to clamp the nanotube so that the fundamental resonance frequency is in the microwave range, i.e., greater than at least 1 GHz, and up to 4 GHz and beyond. An electric current can be run through the nanotube to cause the metal beads to move along the nanotube and changing the length of the intervening nanotube segments. The oscillator can operate at ambient temperature and in air without significant loss of resonance quality. The nanotube is can be fabricated in a semiconductor style process and the device can be provided with source, drain, and gate electrodes, which may be connected to appropriate circuitry for driving and measuring the oscillation. Novel driving and measuring circuits are also disclosed.

  14. Oscillating fluid power generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morris, David C

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for harvesting the kinetic energy of a fluid flow for power generation with a vertically oriented, aerodynamic wing structure comprising one or more airfoil elements pivotably attached to a mast. When activated by the moving fluid stream, the wing structure oscillates back and forth, generating lift first in one direction then in the opposite direction. This oscillating movement is converted to unidirectional rotational movement in order to provide motive power to an electricity generator. Unlike other oscillating devices, this device is designed to harvest the maximum aerodynamic lift forces available for a given oscillation cycle. Because the system is not subjected to the same intense forces and stresses as turbine systems, it can be constructed less expensively, reducing the cost of electricity generation. The system can be grouped in more compact clusters, be less evident in the landscape, and present reduced risk to avian species.

  15. Neutrino oscillations: theory and phenomenology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview of selected topics in the theory and phenomenology of neutrino oscillations is given. These include: oscillations in vacuum and in matter; phenomenology of 3-flavour neutrino oscillations and effective 2-flavour approximations; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; matter effects on \

  16. Gravitationally Induced Neutrino-Oscillation Phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Ahluwalia; C. Burgard

    2004-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this essay, we introduce a new effect of gravitationally induced quantum mechanical phases in neutrino oscillations. These phases arise from an hitherto unexplored interplay of gravitation and the principle of the linear superposition of quantum mechanics. In the neighborhood of a 1.4 solar-mass neutron star, gravitationally induced quantum mechanical phases are roughly 20% of their kinematical counterparts. When this information is coupled with the mass square differences implied by the existing neutrino-oscillation data we find that the new effect may have profound consequences for type-II supernova evolution.

  17. Weak chimeras in minimal networks of coupled phase oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Ashwin; Oleksandr Burylko

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest a definition for a type of chimera state that appears in networks of indistinguishable phase oscillators. Defining a "weak chimera" as a type of invariant set showing partial frequency synchronization, we show that this means they cannot appear in phase oscillator networks that are either globally coupled or too small. We exhibit various networks of four, six and ten indistinguishable oscillators where weak chimeras exist with various dynamics and stabilities. We examine the role of Kuramoto-Sakaguchi coupling in giving degenerate (neutrally stable) families of weak chimera states in these example networks.

  18. Neutrino oscillations and supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Ahluwalia-Khalilova

    2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In a 1996 JRO Fellowship Research Proposal (Los Alamos), the author suggested that neutrino oscillations may provide a powerful indirect energy transport mechanism to supernovae explosions. The principal aim of this addendum is to present the relevant unedited text of Section 1 of that proposal. We then briefly remind, (a) of an early suggestion of Mazurek on vacuum neutrino oscillations and their relevance to supernovae explosion, and (b) Wolfenstein's result on suppression of the effect by matter effects. We conclude that whether or not neutrino oscillations play a significant role in supernovae explosions shall depend if there are shells/regions of space in stellar collapse where matter effects play no essential role. Should such regions exist in actual astrophysical situations, the final outcome of neutrino oscillations on supernovae explosions shall depend, in part, on whether or not the LNSD signal is confirmed. Importantly, the reader is reminded that neutrino oscillations form a set of flavor-oscillation clocks and these clock suffer gravitational redshift which can be as large as 20 percent. This effect must be incorporated fully into any calculation of supernova explosion.

  19. Driven synchronization in random networks of oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Hindes; Christopher R. Myers

    2015-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchronization is a universal phenomenon found in many non-equilibrium systems. Much recent interest in this area has overlapped with the study of complex networks, where a major focus is determining how a system's connectivity patterns affect the types of behavior that it can produce. Thus far, modeling efforts have focused on the tendency of networks of oscillators to mutually synchronize themselves, with less emphasis on the effects of external driving. In this work we discuss the interplay between mutual and driven synchronization in networks of phase oscillators of the Kuramoto type, and resolve how the structure and emergence of such states depends on the underlying network topology for simple random networks with a given degree distribution. We provide a partial bifurcation analysis, centering on the appearance of a Takens-Bogdanov-Cusp singularity, which broadly separates homogeneous and heterogeneous network behavior in a weak coupling limit, and from which the number, stability and appearance of driven and mutually synchronized states can be determined, as a function of a few parameters. We find transitions such as Saddle-Node-Infinite-Periods, Limit-Point-of-Cycles, and Hopf bifurcations (both branches), as well as multiple bistability regions and dynamics that differ for the network types. This description is connected to the underlying dynamics of oscillator clusters for important states and transitions. Our results can provide a basis for studying the problem of frequency controlling disordered oscillator networks.

  20. Neutrino Oscillation Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kayser, Boris

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To complement the neutrino-physics lectures given at the 2011 International School on Astro Particle Physics devoted to Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics (ISAPP 2011; Varenna, Italy), at the 2011 European School of High Energy Physics (ESHEP 2011; Cheila Gradistei, Romania), and, in modified form, at other summer schools, we present here a written description of the physics of neutrino oscillation. This description is centered on a new way of deriving the oscillation probability. We also provide a brief guide to references relevant to topics other than neutrino oscillation that were covered in the lectures. Neutrinos and photons are by far the most abundant elementary particles in the universe. Thus, if we would like to comprehend the universe, we must understand the neutrinos. Of course, studying the neutrinos is challenging, since the only known forces through which these electrically-neutral leptons interact are the weak force and gravity. Consequently, interactions of neutrinos in a detector are very rare events, so that very large detectors and intense neutrino sources are needed to make experiments feasible. Nevertheless, we have confirmed that the weak interactions of neutrinos are correctly described by the Standard Model (SM) of elementary particle physics. Moreover, in the last 14 years, we have discovered that neutrinos have nonzero masses, and that leptons mix. These discoveries have been based on the observation that neutrinos can change from one 'flavor' to another - the phenomenon known as neutrino oscillation. We shall explain the physics of neutrino oscillation, deriving the probability of oscillation in a new way. We shall also provide a very brief guide to references that can be used to study some major neutrino-physics topics other than neutrino oscillation.

  1. A New Neutrino Oscillation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting in the late 1960s, neutrino detectors began to see signs that neutrinos, now known to come in the flavors electron ({nu}{sub e}), muon ({nu}{sub {mu}}), and tau ({nu}{sub {tau}}), could transform from one flavor to another. The findings implied that neutrinos must have mass, since massless particles travel at the speed of light and their clocks, so to speak, don't tick, thus they cannot change. What has since been discovered is that neutrinos oscillate at two distinct scales, 500 km/GeV and 15,000 km/GeV, which are defined by the baseline (L) of the experiment (the distance the neutrino travels) divided by the neutrino energy (E). Neutrinos of one flavor can oscillate into neutrinos of another flavor at both L/E scales, but the amplitude of these oscillations is different for the two scales and depends on the initial and final flavor of the neutrinos. The neutrino states that propogate unchanged in time, the mass eigenstates {nu}1, {nu}2, {nu}3, are quantum mechanical mixtures of the electron, muon, and tau neutrino flavors, and the fraction of each flavor in a given mass eigenstate is controlled by three mixing angles and a complex phase. Two of these mixing angles are known with reasonable precision. An upper bound exists for the third angle, called {theta}{sub 13}, which controls the size of the muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillation at an L/E of 500 km/GeV. The phase is completely unknown. The existence of this phase has important implications for the asymmetry between matter and antimatter we observe in the universe today. Experiments around the world have steadily assembled this picture of neutrino oscillation, but evidence of muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillation at 500 km/GeV has remained elusive. Now, a paper from the T2K (Tokai to Kamioka) experiment in Japan, reports the first possible observation of muon neutrinos oscillating into electron neutrinos at 500 km/GeV. They see 6 candidate signal events, above an expected background of 1.5 events. The probability that the 6 events are all background is only about 0.7%. Stated differently, this is a 2.7{sigma} indication that the parameter that controls the oscillation, the neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 13}, is nonzero, just shy of the 3{sigma} requirement to claim 'evidence for.' Nevertheless, this experiment provides the strongest indication to date that this oscillation actually occurs in nature.

  2. Kinetics of Oscillating Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Strack

    2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of core-collapse supernovae, Strack and Burrows (Phys. Rev. D 71, 093004 (2005)) have recently developed an extension of the classical Boltzmann kinetic formalism that retains all the standard neutrino oscillation phenomenology, including resonant flavor conversion (the MSW effect), neutrino self-interactions, and the interplay between neutrino-matter coupling and flavor oscillations. In this thesis, I extend the Strack & Burrows formalism to incorporate general relativity, spin degrees of freedom, and a possible neutrino magnetic-moment/magnetic-field interaction.

  3. Status of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. F. Valle

    2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar and atmospheric neutrino data require physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The simplest, most generic, but not yet unique, interpretation of the data is in terms of neutrino oscillations. I summarize the results of the latest three-neutrino oscillation global fit of the data, in particular the bounds on the angle $\\theta_{13}$ probed in reactor experiments. Even though not implied by the data, bi-maximal neutrino mixing emerges as an attractive possibility either in hierarchical or quasi-degenerate neutrino scenarios.

  4. Driven synchronization in random networks of oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hindes, Jason

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchronization is a universal phenomenon found in many non-equilibrium systems. Much recent interest in this area has overlapped with the study of complex networks, where a major focus is determining how a system's connectivity patterns affect the types of behavior that it can produce. Thus far, modeling efforts have focused on the tendency of networks of oscillators to mutually synchronize themselves, with less emphasis on the effects of external driving. In this work we discuss the interplay between mutual and driven synchronization in networks of phase oscillators of the Kuramoto type, and resolve how the structure and emergence of such states depends on the underlying network topology for simple random networks with a given degree distribution. We provide a partial bifurcation analysis, centering on the appearance of a Takens-Bogdanov-Cusp singularity, which broadly separates homogeneous and heterogeneous network behavior in a weak coupling limit, and from which the number, stability and appearance of dr...

  5. Quasivacuum solar neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo

    2000-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss in detail solar neutrino oscillations with \\delta m^2/E in the range [10^-10,10^-7] eV^2/MeV. In this range, which interpolates smoothly between the so-called ``just-so'' and ``Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein'' oscillation regimes, neutrino flavor transitions are increasingly affected by matter effects as \\delta m^2/E increases. As a consequence, the usual vacuum approximation has to be improved through the matter-induced corrections, leading to a ``quasi-vacuum'' oscillation regime. We perform accurate numerical calculations of such corrections, using both the true solar density profile and its exponential approximation. Matter effects are shown to be somewhat overestimated in the latter case. We also discuss the role of Earth crossing and of energy smearing. Prescriptions are given to implement the leading corrections in the quasi-vacuum oscillation range. Finally, the results are applied to a global analysis of solar nu data in a three-flavor framework.

  6. I. Introduction A. Neutrino oscillation results from solar and atmospheric neutrino data.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    V. This scenario is motivated in part by the need for an admixture (20{40%) of hot dark matter|roughly 7 eV worth oscillations in the matter of the Sun, and that the e and the neutrino type into which it oscillates, possibly and IMB imaging water Cherenkov detectors suggest that the observed disappearance of muon type neutrinos

  7. Oscillation-supported Information Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diba, Kamran

    , intrinsic currents of neurons, dendritic Ca2+ spikes, and other voltage-dependent membrane oscillations7 Oscillation-supported Information Processing and Transfer at the HippocampusÀected by macroscopic oscillations. In each oscillatory cycle, recruitment of principal neurons is temporally protracted

  8. Wavelength-doubling optical parametric oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A wavelength-doubling optical parametric oscillator (OPO) comprising a type II nonlinear optical medium for generating a pair of degenerate waves at twice a pump wavelength and a plurality of mirrors for rotating the polarization of one wave by 90 degrees to produce a wavelength-doubled beam with an increased output energy by coupling both of the degenerate waves out of the OPO cavity through the same output coupler following polarization rotation of one of the degenerate waves.

  9. Solar Energy Resources and Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar energy provides electricity, heating, and cooling for Federal facilities through four primary technology types. The four technologies are broken into two categories; technologies for electricity production and thermal energy technologies.

  10. PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

  11. PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. J. Langford

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

  12. Optical analog of Rabi oscillation suppression due to atomic motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. G. Muga; B. Navarro

    2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Rabi oscillations of a two-level atom illuminated by a laser on resonance with the atomic transition may be suppressed by the atomic motion through averaging or filtering mechanisms. The optical analogs of these velocity effects are described. The two atomic levels correspond in the optical analogy to orthogonal polarizations of light and the Rabi oscillations to polarization oscillations in a medium which is optically active, naturally or due to a magnetic field. In the later case, the two orthogonal polarizations could be selected by choosing the orientation of the magnetic field, and one of them be filtered out. It is argued that the time-dependent optical polarization oscillations or their suppression are observable with current technology.

  13. Entanglement in neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Blasone; Fabio Dell'Anno; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Flavor oscillations in elementary particle physics are related to multi-mode entanglement of single-particle states. We show that mode entanglement can be expressed in terms of flavor transition probabilities, and therefore that single-particle entangled states acquire a precise operational characterization in the context of particle mixing. We treat in detail the physically relevant cases of two- and three-flavor neutrino oscillations, including the effective measure of CP violation. We discuss experimental schemes for the transfer of the quantum information encoded in single-neutrino states to spatially delocalized two-flavor charged lepton states, thus showing, at least in principle, that single-particle entangled states of neutrino mixing are legitimate physical resources for quantum information tasks.

  14. Neutrino oscillations refitted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forero, D V; Valle, J W F

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we update our previous global fit of neutrino oscillations by including the recent results which have appeared since the Neutrino-2012 conference. These include the measurements of reactor anti-neutrino disappearance reported by Daya Bay and RENO, together with latest T2K and MINOS data including both disappearance and appearance channels. We also include the revised results from the third solar phase of Super-Kamiokande, SK-III, as well as new solar results from the fourth phase of Super-Kamiokande, SK-IV. We find that the preferred global determination of the atmospheric angle $\\theta_{23}$ is consistent with maximal mixing. We also determine the impact of the new data upon all the other neutrino oscillation parameters with emphasis on the increasing sensitivity to the CP phase, thanks to the interplay between accelerator and reactor data.

  15. Oscillations of Mossbauer neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny Kh. Akhmedov; Joachim Kopp; Manfred Lindner

    2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the probability of recoilless emission and detection of neutrinos (Mossbauer effect with neutrinos) taking into account the boundedness of the parent and daughter nuclei in the neutrino source and detector as well as the leptonic mixing. We show that, in spite of their near monochromaticity, the recoillessly emitted and captured neutrinos oscillate. After a qualitative discussion of this issue, we corroborate and extend our results by computing the combined rate of $\\bar{\

  16. Oscillations in glow discharges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prickett, Tom

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1950 CONTENTS Introduction ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 I. Review of Plasma Oscillations in Gas Discharges ? . . 2 II. Review of Relaxation Processes in Gas Discharges ? . 13 III. Report of Laboratory Investigation... 179540 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1. Sketch of Plasma Space in which Electrons are given Displacements in the X-direction ? ? ? ? ? ? 5 2* Early Circuit Arrangement of Discharge Study ? ? ? ? ? 19 3, Flow Diagram of the Experimental System...

  17. LSND neutrino oscillation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, W.C.; LSND Collaboration

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LSND (Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector) experiment at Los Alamos has conducted a search for muon antineutrino {r_arrow} electron antineutrino oscillations using muon neutrinos from antimuon decay at rest. The electron antineutrinos are detected via the reaction electron antineutrino + proton {r_arrow} positron + neutron, correlated with the 2.2-MeV gamma from neutron + proton {r_arrow} deuteron + gamma. The use of tight cuts to identify positron events with correlated gamma rays yields 22 events with positron energy between 36 and 60 MeV and only 4.6 {+-} 0.6 background events. The probability that this excess is due entirely to a statistical fluctuation is 4.1 {times} 10{sup -8}. A chi-squared fit to the entire positron sample results in a total excess of 51.8 {sup +18.7}{sub -16.9} {+-} 8.0 events with positron energy between 20 and 60 MeV. If attributed to muon antineutrino {r_arrow} electron antineutrino oscillations, this corresponds to an oscillation probability (averaged over the experimental energy and spatial acceptance) of (0.31 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.05){percent}. 10 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  18. LSND neutrino oscillation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, D.H.; LSND Collaboration

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LSND experiment at Los Alamos has conducted a search for {anti v}{sub {mu}} {yields} {anti v}{sub e} oscillations using {anti v}{sub {mu}} from {mu}{sup +} decay at rest. The {anti v}{sub e} are detected via the reaction {anti v}{sub e} p {yields} e{sup +}n, correlated with the 2.2 MeV {gamma} from n p {yields} d {gamma}. The use of tight cuts to identify e{sup +} events with correlated {gamma} rays yielded 22 events with e{sup +} energy between 36 and 60 MeV and only 4.6 {+-} 0.6 background events. The probability that this excess is due entirely to a statistical fluctuation is 4.1 {times} 10{sup {minus}8}. A {chi}{sup 2} fit to the entire e{sup +} sample results in a total excess of 51.8{sub {minus}16.9}{sup +18.7} {+-} 8.0 events with e{sup +} energy between 20 and 60 MeV. If attributed to {anti v}{sub {mu}} {yields} {anti v}{sub e} oscillations, this corresponds to an oscillation probability (averaged over the experimental energy and spatial acceptance) of 0.31 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.05%.

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 83, 052115 (2011) Quantum heating of a parametrically modulated oscillator: Spectral signatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dykman, Mark

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW A 83, 052115 (2011) Quantum heating of a parametrically modulated oscillator¨orperphysik and DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D-76128 Karlsruhe of the nonequidistance of the oscillator quasienergy levels and quantum heating that accompanies relaxation. The heating

  20. Are solar neutrino oscillations robust?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. G. Miranda; M. A. Tortola; J. W. F. Valle

    2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The robustness of the large mixing angle (LMA) oscillation (OSC) interpretation of the solar neutrino data is considered in a more general framework where non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) are present. Such interactions may be regarded as a generic feature of models of neutrino mass. The 766.3 ton-yr data sample of the KamLAND collaboration are included in the analysis, paying attention to the background from the reaction ^13C(\\alpha,n) ^16O. Similarly, the latest solar neutrino fluxes from the SNO collaboration are included. In addition to the solution which holds in the absence of NSI (LMA-I) there is a 'dark-side' solution (LMA-D) with sin^2 theta_Sol = 0.70, essentially degenerate with the former, and another light-side solution (LMA-0) allowed only at 97% CL. More precise KamLAND reactor measurements will not resolve the ambiguity in the determination of the solar neutrino mixing angle theta_Sol, as they are expected to constrain mainly Delta m^2. We comment on the complementary role of atmospheric, laboratory (e.g. CHARM) and future solar neutrino experiments in lifting the degeneracy between the LMA-I and LMA-D solutions. In particular, we show how the LMA-D solution induced by the simplest NSI between neutrinos and down-type-quarks-only is in conflict with the combination of current atmospheric data and data of the CHARM experiment. We also mention that establishing the issue of robustness of the oscillation picture in the most general case will require further experiments, such as those involving low energy solar neutrinos.

  1. Development of a Kelp-type Structure Module in a Coastal Ocean Model to Assess the Hydrodynamic Impact of Seawater Uranium Extraction Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Taiping; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Long, Wen; Gill, Gary A.

    2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, with the rapid growth of global energy demand, the interest in extracting uranium from seawater for nuclear energy has been renewed. While extracting seawater uranium is not yet commercially viable, it serves as a “backstop” to the conventional uranium resources and provides an essentially unlimited supply of uranium resource. With recent advances in seawater uranium extraction technology, extracting uranium from seawater could be economically feasible when the extraction devices are deployed at a large scale (e.g., several hundred km2). There is concern however that the large scale deployment of adsorbent farms could result in potential impacts to the hydrodynamic flow field in an oceanic setting. In this study, a kelp-type structure module was incorporated into a coastal ocean model to simulate the blockage effect of uranium extraction devices on the flow field. The module was quantitatively validated against laboratory flume experiments for both velocity and turbulence profiles. The model-data comparison showed an overall good agreement and validated the approach of applying the model to assess the potential hydrodynamic impact of uranium extraction devices or other underwater structures in coastal oceans.

  2. Baryogenesis via neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Kh. Akhmedov; V. A. Rubakov; A. Yu. Smirnov

    1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new mechanism of leptogenesis in which the asymmetries in lepton numbers are produced through the CP-violating oscillations of ``sterile'' (electroweak singlet) neutrinos. The asymmetry is communicated from singlet neutrinos to ordinary leptons through their Yukawa couplings. The lepton asymmetry is then reprocessed into baryon asymmetry by electroweak sphalerons. We show that the observed value of baryon asymmetry can be generated in this way, and the masses of ordinary neutrinos induced by the seesaw mechanism are in the astrophysically and cosmologically interesting range. Except for singlet neutrinos, no physics beyond the Standard Model is required.

  3. Calculation of the convex roof for an open entangled harmonic oscillator system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landau, Mayer A.; Stroud, C. R. Jr. [Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We explicitly calculate the time dependence of entanglement via the convex roof extension for a system of noninteracting harmonic oscillators. These oscillators interact only indirectly with each other by way of a zero-temperature bath. The initial state of the oscillators is taken to be that of an entangled Schroedinger-cat state. This type of initial condition leads to superexponential decay of the entanglement when the initial state has the same symmetry as the interaction Hamiltonian.

  4. Harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative quantum phase-space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Ben Geloun; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Frederik G Scholtz

    2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve explicitly the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator and the harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative phase-space without making use of any type of representation. A key observation that we make is that for a specific choice of the noncommutative parameters, the time reversal symmetry of the systems get restored since the energy spectrum becomes degenerate. This is in contrast to the noncommutative configuration space where the time reversal symmetry of the harmonic oscillator is always broken.

  5. Lorentz Invariance of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Giunti

    2003-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that, in spite of the appearances, the standard expression for the oscillation probability of ultrarelativistic neutrinos is Lorentz invariant.

  6. Gravitational Correction in Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasufumi Kojima

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the quantum mechanical oscillations of neutrinos propagating in weak gravitational field. The correction to the result in the flat space-time is derived.

  7. NEUTRINO OSCILLATION RESULTS FROM LSND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, G.B.

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector took data during the years 1993 through 1998. The results of a final analysis of the data are reported here. In summary, the analysis resulted in a cleaner sample of decay-at-rest oscillation candidates and provided a strong constraint on beam related backgrounds. The oscillation probability is fitted to the correlated photon parameter in the inclusive electron sample. The fit yields an excess of 83.3 {+-} 21.2 events attributable to neutrino oscillations. This corresponds to an oscillation probability of (0.25 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.04)% for that detector and beam configuration.

  8. Feedback Induced Death in Coupled Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming Luo

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate oscillation death in systems of coupled nonlinear oscillators with feedback loop. We find that feedback results in oscillation death both in small sets or large ensembles. More importantly, the death zone in parameter space is significantly enlarged and oscillation death could occur even in coupled identical oscillators in the presence of feedback. We find that there are two different ways to oscillation death, namely desynchronization and completely synchronization induced oscillation death. Feedback induced oscillation death may be used to suppress unexpected oscillations, e.g., in chaotic laser arrays.

  9. On the harmonic oscillator realisation of q-oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Gangopadhyay; A. P. Isaev

    2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The general version of the bosonic harmonic oscillator realisation of bosonic q-oscillators is given. It is shown that the currently known realisation is a special case of our general solution. The investigation has been performed at the Laboratory of theoretical Physics,JINR.

  10. Free Oscillations of a Linear Oscillator Eugene Butikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butikov, Eugene

    of a Linear Torsion Oscillator The linear oscillator simulated in this computer program is a balanced flywheel whose center of mass lies on the axis of rotation. Such a flywheel may consist, for example, of a rod that passes through its center. A spiral spring with one end fixed and the other attached to the flywheel

  11. Neutrino oscillations refitted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Forero; M. Tortola; J. W. F. Valle

    2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we update our previous global fit of neutrino oscillations by including the recent results which have appeared since the Neutrino-2012 conference. These include the measurements of reactor anti-neutrino disappearance reported by Daya Bay and RENO, together with latest T2K and MINOS data including both disappearance and appearance channels. We also include the revised results from the third solar phase of Super-Kamiokande, SK-III, as well as new solar results from the fourth phase of Super-Kamiokande, SK-IV. We find that the preferred global determination of the atmospheric angle $\\theta_{23}$ is consistent with maximal mixing. We also determine the impact of the new data upon all the other neutrino oscillation parameters with emphasis on the increasing sensitivity to the CP phase, thanks to the interplay between accelerator and reactor data. In the appendix we present the updated results obtained after the inclusion of new reactor data presented at the Neutrino 2014 conference. We discuss their impact on the global neutrino analysis.

  12. Nanoscale relaxation oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Regan, Brian C. (Los Angeles, CA); Aloni, Shaul (Albany, CA)

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A nanoscale oscillation device is disclosed, wherein two nanoscale droplets are altered in size by mass transport, then contact each other and merge through surface tension. The device may also comprise a channel having an actuator responsive to mechanical oscillation caused by expansion and contraction of the droplets. It further has a structure for delivering atoms between droplets, wherein the droplets are nanoparticles. Provided are a first particle and a second particle on the channel member, both being made of a chargeable material, the second particle contacting the actuator portion; and electrodes connected to the channel member for delivering a potential gradient across the channel and traversing the first and second particles. The particles are spaced apart a specified distance so that atoms from one particle are delivered to the other particle by mass transport in response to the potential (e.g. voltage potential) and the first and second particles are liquid and touch at a predetermined point of growth, thereby causing merging of the second particle into the first particle by surface tension forces and reverse movement of the actuator. In a preferred embodiment, the channel comprises a carbon nanotube and the droplets comprise metal nanoparticles, e.g. indium, which is readily made liquid.

  13. Neutrino Oscillations Physics 135c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golwala, Sunil

    Neutrino Oscillations Gary Cheng Physics 135c 6/1/07 #12;Introduction: Theory Neutrinos have mass neutrinos are produced. The difference between the mass eigenstates and the flavor eigenstates of neutrinos is what causes neutrino oscillations. #12;Introduction: Theory 2 The mass eigenstates 1, 2, 3

  14. The Phase of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Giunti

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Using an analogy with the well-known double-slit experiment, we show that the standard phase of neutrino oscillations is correct, refuting recent claims of a factor of two correction. We also improve the wave packet treatment of neutrino oscillations taking into account explicitly the finite coherence time of the detection process.

  15. Neutrino oscillations and dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    1996-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The significance of light massive neutrinos as hot dark matter is outlined. The power of neutrino oscillation experiments with respect to detect such neutrinos in the eV-region is discussed. Present hints for neutrino oscillations in solar, atmospheric and LSND data are reviewed as well as future experiments and their potential.

  16. Coulomb Oscillations in Antidots in the Integer and Fractional Quantum Hall Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kou; C. M. Marcus; L. N. Pfeiffer; K. W. West

    2012-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report measurements of resistance oscillations in micron-scale antidots in both the integer and fractional quantum Hall regimes. In the integer regime, we conclude that oscillations are of the Coulomb type from the scaling of magnetic field period with the number of edges bound to the antidot. Based on both gate-voltage and field periods, we find at filling factor {\

  17. Coulomb Oscillations in Antidots in the Integer and Fractional Quantum Hall Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kou, A; Pfeiffer, L N; West, K W

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report measurements of resistance oscillations in micron-scale antidots in both the integer and fractional quantum Hall regimes. In the integer regime, we conclude that oscillations are of the Coulomb type from the scaling of magnetic field period with the number of edges bound to the antidot. Based on both gate-voltage and field periods, we find at filling factor {\

  18. Resolved Sideband Cooling of a Micromechanical Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Schliesser; R. Rivière; G. Anetsberger; O. Arcizet; T. J. Kippenberg

    2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Micro- and nanoscale opto-mechanical systems provide radiation pressure coupling of optical and mechanical degree of freedom and are actively pursued for their ability to explore quantum mechanical phenomena of macroscopic objects. Many of these investigations require preparation of the mechanical system in or close to its quantum ground state. Remarkable progress in ground state cooling has been achieved for trapped ions and atoms confined in optical lattices. Imperative to this progress has been the technique of resolved sideband cooling, which allows overcoming the inherent temperature limit of Doppler cooling and necessitates a harmonic trapping frequency which exceeds the atomic species' transition rate. The recent advent of cavity back-action cooling of mechanical oscillators by radiation pressure has followed a similar path with Doppler-type cooling being demonstrated, but lacking inherently the ability to attain ground state cooling as recently predicted. Here we demonstrate for the first time resolved sideband cooling of a mechanical oscillator. By pumping the first lower sideband of an optical microcavity, whose decay rate is more than twenty times smaller than the eigen-frequency of the associated mechanical oscillator, cooling rates above 1.5 MHz are attained. Direct spectroscopy of the motional sidebands reveals 40-fold suppression of motional increasing processes, which could enable reaching phonon occupancies well below unity (cooling as reported here should find widespread use in opto-mechanical cooling experiments. Apart from ground state cooling, this regime allows realization of motion measurement with an accuracy exceeding the standard quantum limit.

  19. Neutrino Oscillations and Blazars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl Mannheim

    1999-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Three independent predictions follow from postulating the existence of protons co-accelerated with electrons in extragalactic jets (i) multi-TeV gamma ray emission from nearby blazars, (ii) extragalactic cosmic ray protons up to 10^20 eV, and (iii) extragalactic neutrinos up to 5 10^18 eV. Recent gamma ray observations of Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 employing the air-Cerenkov technique are consistent with the predicted gamma ray spectrum, if one corrects for pair attenuation on the infrared background. Prediction (ii) is consistent with cosmic ray data, if one requires that jets are responsible for at least a sizable fraction of the extragalactic gamma ray background. With kubic kilometer neutrino telescopes, it will be possible to test (iii), although the muon event rates are rather low. Neutrino oscillations can increase the event rate by inducing tau-cascades removing the Earth shadowing effect.

  20. Forced Oscillations in Fluid Tori and Quasi-Periodic Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William H. Lee

    2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The kilo-Hertz Quasi--Periodic Oscillations in X-ray binaries could originate within the accretion flow, and be a signature of non--linear fluid oscillations and mode coupling in strong gravity. The possibility to decipher these systems will impact our knowledge of fundamental parameters such as the neutron star mass, radius, and spin. Thus they offer the possibility to constrain the nuclear equation of state and the rotation parameter of stellar--mass black holes. We review the general properties of these oscillations from a hydrodynamical point of view, when the accretion flow is subject to external perturbations and summarize recent results.

  1. Quantum Mechanics of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Giunti; C. W. Kim

    2000-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a simple but general treatment of neutrino oscillations in the framework of quantum mechanics using plane waves and intuitive wave packet principles when necessary. We attempt to clarify some confusing statements that have recently appeared in the literature.

  2. ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Engineering Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Engineering Technology Program The Bachelor of Science in Engineering Technology (BSET) is a hands-on program based upon engineering technology fundamentals, engineering for employment or further education. The focus is on current engineering technology issues and applications used

  3. Solar cell as self-oscillating heat engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Alicki; David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky; Krzysztof Szczygielski

    2015-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar cells are engines converting energy supplied by the photon flux into work. Any type of engine is also a self-oscillating system which yields a periodic motion at the expense of a usually non-periodic source of energy. This aspect is absent in the existing descriptions and the main goal of this paper is to show that plasma oscillations provide this necessary ingredient of work extraction process. Our approach is based on Markovian master equations which can be derived in a rigorous way from the underlying Hamiltonian models and are consistent with the laws of thermodynamics.

  4. Transition between Two Oscillation Modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz; Yves Pomeau

    2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for the symmetric coupling of two self-oscillators is presented. The nonlinearities cause the system to vibrate in two modes of different symmetries. The transition between these two regimes of oscillation can occur by two different scenarios. This might model the release of vortices behind circular cylinders with a possible transition from a symmetric to an antisymmetric Benard-von Karman vortex street.

  5. Intermittent and sustained periodic windows in networked chaotic Rössler oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Zhiwei; Sun, Yong [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China) [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhan, Meng, E-mail: zhanmeng@wipm.ac.cn [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China)] [Wuhan Center for Magnetic Resonance, State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Route to chaos (or periodicity) in dynamical systems is one of fundamental problems. Here, dynamical behaviors of coupled chaotic Rössler oscillators on complex networks are investigated and two different types of periodic windows with the variation of coupling strength are found. Under a moderate coupling, the periodic window is intermittent, and the attractors within the window extremely sensitively depend on the initial conditions, coupling parameter, and topology of the network. Therefore, after adding or removing one edge of network, the periodic attractor can be destroyed and substituted by a chaotic one, or vice versa. In contrast, under an extremely weak coupling, another type of periodic window appears, which insensitively depends on the initial conditions, coupling parameter, and network. It is sustained and unchanged for different types of network structure. It is also found that the phase differences of the oscillators are almost discrete and randomly distributed except that directly linked oscillators more likely have different phases. These dynamical behaviors have also been generally observed in other networked chaotic oscillators.

  6. High-speed graphene interconnects monolithically integrated with CMOS ring oscillators operating at 1.3GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xiangyu

    We have successfully experimentally integrated graphene interconnects with commercial 0.25 ¿m technology CMOS ring oscillator circuit using conventional fabrication techniques, and demonstrated high speed on-chip graphene ...

  7. Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small MFI-Type Zeolite Crystals . Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small MFI-Type Zeolite...

  8. Oscillations of solar atmosphere neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Mirizzi; D. Montanino; P. D. Serpico

    2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sun is a source of high energy neutrinos (E > 10 GeV) produced by cosmic ray interactions in the solar atmosphere. We study the impact of three-flavor oscillations (in vacuum and in matter) on solar atmosphere neutrinos, and calculate their observable fluxes at Earth, as well as their event rates in a kilometer-scale detector in water or ice. We find that peculiar three-flavor oscillation effects in matter, which can occur in the energy range probed by solar atmosphere neutrinos, are significantly suppressed by averaging over the production region and over the neutrino and antineutrino components. In particular, we find that the relation between the neutrino fluxes at the Sun and at the Earth can be approximately expressed in terms of phase-averaged ``vacuum'' oscillations, dominated by a single mixing parameter (the angle theta_23).

  9. Symmetries in collective neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huaiyu Duan; George M. Fuller; Yong-Zhong Qian

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the relationship between a symmetry in the neutrino flavour evolution equations and neutrino flavour oscillations in the collective precession mode. This collective precession mode can give rise to spectral swaps (splits) when conditions can be approximated as homogeneous and isotropic. Multi-angle numerical simulations of supernova neutrino flavour transformation show that when this approximation breaks down, non-collective neutrino oscillation modes decohere kinematically, but the collective precession mode still is expected to stand out. We provide a criterion for significant flavour transformation to occur if neutrinos participate in a collective precession mode. This criterion can be used to understand the suppression of collective neutrino oscillations in anisotropic environments in the presence of a high matter density. This criterion is also useful in understanding the breakdown of the collective precession mode when neutrino densities are small.

  10. Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ballard, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, M. Collins (Albuquerque, NM); Marder, Barry M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields arfe produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap.

  11. Real Oscillations of Virtual Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Grimus; P. Stockinger

    1996-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the conditions for neutrino oscillations in a field theoretical approach by taking into account that only the neutrino production and detection processes, which are localized in space around the coordinates $\\vec{x}_P$ and $\\vec{x}_D$, respectively, can be manipulated. In this sense the neutrinos whose oscillations are investigated appear as virtual lines connecting production with detection in the total Feynman graph and all neutrino fields or states to be found in the discussion are mass eigenfields or eigenstates. We perform a thorough examination of the integral over the spatial components of the inner neutrino momentum and show that in the asymptotic limit $L=|\\vec{x}_D - \\vec{x}_P| \\rightarrow \\infty$ the virtual neutrinos become ``real'' and under certain conditions the usual picture of neutrino oscillations emerges without ambiguities.

  12. Real oscillations of virtual neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimus, Walter

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the conditions for neutrino oscillations in a field theoretical approach by taking into account that only the neutrino production and detection processes, which are localized in space around the coordinates \\vec{x}_P and \\vec{x}_D, respectively, can be manipulated. In this sense the neutrinos whose oscillations are investigated appear as virtual lines connecting production with detection in the total Feynman graph and all neutrino fields or states to be found in the discussion are mass eigenfields or eigenstates. We perform a thorough examination of the integral over the spatial components of the inner neutrino momentum and show that in the asymptotic limit L=|\\vec{x}_D - \\vec{x}_P| \\rightarrow \\infty the virtual neutrinos become ``real'' and under certain conditions the usual picture of neutrino oscillations emerges without ambiguities.

  13. Type B Accident Investigation, Subcontractor Employee Personal Protective Equipment Ignition Incident on February 18, 2003, at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On February 18, 2003, a general laborer employed at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) by MACTEC Constructors, Inc. (MACTEC) was performing rebar removal with a gas-powered cut-off machine. MACTEC is a subcontractor to Bechtel Jacobs Company LL (BJC). The sparks from the cut-off machine ignited the right leg of his 100% cotton anticontamination (anti-c) coveralls and the plastic bootie.

  14. Short Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katori, Teppei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Series of short baseline neutrino oscillation experiments provided unexpected results, and now they are called short baseline anomalies, and all indicates an existence of sterile neutrinos with a mass scale around 1~eV. The signals of short baseline anomalies are reported from 4 different classes of experiments. However, at this moment, there is no convincing theoretical model to explain such sterile neutrinos, and a single experiment to confirm 1~eV sterile neutrinos may be challenging. In this short note, we describe classes of short baseline neutrino oscillation experiments and their goals.

  15. SciTech Connect: Digital Actuator Technology

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Digital Actuator Technology Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Digital Actuator Technology There are significant developments underway in new types of actuators for power...

  16. Nonlinear Eigenmodes of a Polariton Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian Pinsker; and Tristram J. Alexander

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate theoretically the quantum oscillator-like states recently observed experimentally in polariton condensates (Nat. Phys. 8, 190 (2012)). We consider a complex Gross-Pitaevskii type model which includes the effects of self-interactions, and creation and decay of exciton-polaritons. We develop a perturbation theory for approximate solutions to this non-equilibrium condensate model and compare the results with numerically calculated solutions for both repulsive and attractive polariton-polariton interactions. While the nonlinearity has a weak effect on the mode selection their density profiles are modified at moderate gain strengths and becomes more dominant when a very large gain of polaritons implies an extended cloud with high condensate densities. Finally, we identify the relation of the observed patterns to the input pump configuration, and suggest this may serve as a generalized NOR gate in the tradition of optical computing.

  17. Sensitivity analysis of oscillating hybrid systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Vibhu Prakash

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many models of physical systems oscillate periodically and exhibit both discrete-state and continuous-state dynamics. These systems are called oscillating hybrid systems and find applications in diverse areas of science ...

  18. Single mode pulsed dye laser oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hackel, R.P.

    1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A single mode pulsed dye laser oscillator is disclosed. The dye laser oscillator provides for improved power efficiency by reducing the physical dimensions of the overall laser cavity, which improves frequency selection capability. 6 figs.

  19. Lepton textures and neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verma, Rohit

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systematic analyses of the textures arising in lepton mass matrices have been carried out using unitary transformations and condition of naturalness for the Dirac and Majorana neutrino possibilities. It is observed that the recent three neutrino oscillation data together with the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay provide vital clues in predicting the general structures of these lepton mass matrices.

  20. Pulsar kicks from neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Kusenko; Gino Segre

    1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations can explain the observed motion of pulsars. We show that two different models of neutrino emission from a cooling neutron star are in good quantitative agreement and predict the same order of magnitude for the pulsar kick velocity, consistent with the data.

  1. Lepton textures and neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohit Verma

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Systematic analyses of the textures arising in lepton mass matrices have been carried out using unitary transformations and condition of naturalness for the Dirac and Majorana neutrino possibilities. It is observed that the recent three neutrino oscillation data together with the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay provide vital clues in predicting the general structures of these lepton mass matrices.

  2. Do the Kamiokande results need neutrino oscillations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baillon, Paul

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations are a delicate and important subject. One needs to be sure that every aspect of it is well understood. The recent results of the Kamiokande experiment [1], indicate the possibility of -- neutrino oscillations. The period of oscillation observed by Kamiokande is not compatible with what one may deduce from the solar neutrino experiments [2]. In this letter, we examine if another mechanism could fake neutrino oscillations and could be measurement dependent

  3. Neutrino Oscillations and the Early Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. P. Kirilova

    2003-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The observational and theoretical status of neutrino oscillations in connection with solar and atmospheric neutrino anomalies is presented in brief. The effect of neutrino oscillations on the early Universe evolution is discussed in detail. A short review is given of the standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and the influence of resonant and nonresonant neutrino oscillations on active neutrinos and on primordial nucleosynthesis of He-4. BBN cosmological constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters are discussed.

  4. Neutrino oscillations: brief history and present status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilenky, S M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review of the problem of neutrino masses and oscillations is given. In the beginning we present an early history of neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations. Then we discuss all possibilities of neutrino masses and mixing (neutrino mass terms). The phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum is considered in some details. We present also the neutrino oscillation data and the seesaw mechanism of the neutrino mass generation.

  5. Silicon crystal growing by oscillating crucible technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schwuttke, G.H.; Kim, K.M.; Smetana, P.

    1983-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for growing silicon crystals from a molten melt comprising oscillating the container during crystal growth is disclosed.

  6. Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator to symplectic manifolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krysl, Svatopluk

    C -algebras Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation Geometry: Associating the oscillator to symplectic manifolds Global and (x) = 0 implies x = 0 2 S. Krýsl #12;C -algebras Oscillator or Segal-Shale-Weil representation

  7. Radiation reaction and quantum damped harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Kheirandish; M. Amooshahi

    2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    By taking a Klein-Gordon field as the environment of an harmonic oscillator and using a new method for dealing with quantum dissipative systems (minimal coupling method), the quantum dynamics and radiation reaction for a quantum damped harmonic oscillator investigated. Applying perturbation method, some transition probabilities indicating the way energy flows between oscillator, reservoir and quantum vacuum, obtained

  8. Neutrino oscillations: Current status and prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schwetz

    2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    I summarize the status of neutrino oscillations from world neutrino oscillation data with date of October 2005. The results of a global analysis within the three-flavour framework are presented. Furthermore, a prospect on where we could stand in neutrino oscillations in ten years from now is given, based on a simulation of upcoming long-baseline accelerator and reactor experiments.

  9. Neutrino oscillations: present status and outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schwetz

    2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    I summarize the status of three-flavour neutrino oscillations with date of Oct. 2007, and provide an outlook for the developments to be expected in the near future. Furthermore, I discuss the status of sterile neutrino oscillation interpretations of the LSND anomaly in the light of recent MiniBooNE results, and comment on implications for the future neutrino oscillation program.

  10. Velocity Induced Neutrino Oscillation and its Possible Implications for Long Baseline Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banik, Amit Dutta

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the three types of active neutrinos possess different maximum attainable velocities and the neutrino eigenstates in the velocity basis are different from those in the flavour (and mass) basis then this will induce a flavour oscillation in addition to the normal mass flavour oscillation. Here we study such an oscillation scenario in three neutrino framework including also the matter effect and apply our results to demonstrate its consequences for long baseline neutrinos. We also predict the possible signatures in terms of yields in a possible long baseline neutrino experiment.

  11. Ion beam oscillation due to fluctuation of a hot filament driven magnetized plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imakita, S.; Kasuya, T.; Kimura, Y.; Wada, M. [Graduate School of Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyoto 610-0321 (Japan); Miyamoto, N. [Nissin Ion Equipment Co. Ltd., Kyoto 601-8205 (Japan)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ion beam current extracted from a modified Bernas type ion source occasionally exhibits an oscillation at a frequency of several 100 kHz. Increase in the strength of a linear magnetic field induced to the ion source has either decreased or increased the frequency of this oscillation. The frequency showed an increase in proportion to the ion extraction voltage when the frequency decreased with increasing magnetic field. The change of extraction voltage did not affect the frequency when the frequency increased with the increasing magnetic field. Mechanisms causing these oscillations of an ion beam had been investigated.

  12. Low Phase-Noise 5 GHz AlGaN/GaN HEMT Oscillator Integrated with BaxSr1-xTiO3 Thin Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    Low Phase-Noise 5 GHz AlGaN/GaN HEMT Oscillator Integrated with BaxSr1-xTiO3 Thin Films Hongtao Xu -- A C-band MMIC oscillator in GaN HEMT technology with BaxSr1-xTiO3 (BST) film capacitors integrated with the common gate HEMT to generate negative resistance. The oscillator, based on AlGaN/GaN HEMT with 0.7um gate

  13. Combustor oscillating pressure stabilization and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gemmen, Randall S. (Morgantown, WV); Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Yip, Mui-Tong Joseph (Morgantown, WV); Robey, Edward H. (Westover, WV); Cully, Scott R. (Morgantown, WV); Addis, Richard E. (Smithfield, PA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High dynamic pressure oscillations in hydrocarbon-fueled combustors typically occur when the transport time of the fuel to the flame front is at some fraction of the acoustic period. These oscillations are reduced to acceptably lower levels by restructuring or repositioning the flame front in the combustor to increase the transport time. A pilot flame front located upstream of the oscillating flame and pulsed at a selected frequency and duration effectively restructures and repositions the oscillating flame in the combustor to alter the oscillation-causing transport time.

  14. Measuring neutrino oscillation parameters using $\

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Backhouse, Christopher James; /Oxford U.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MINOS is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. It consists of two large steel-scintillator tracking calorimeters. The near detector is situated at Fermilab, close to the production point of the NuMI muon-neutrino beam. The far detector is 735 km away, 716m underground in the Soudan mine, Northern Minnesota. The primary purpose of the MINOS experiment is to make precise measurements of the 'atmospheric' neutrino oscillation parameters ({Delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub atm}). The oscillation signal consists of an energy-dependent deficit of {nu}{sub {mu}} interactions in the far detector. The near detector is used to characterize the properties of the beam before oscillations develop. The two-detector design allows many potential sources of systematic error in the far detector to be mitigated by the near detector observations. This thesis describes the details of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, and presents a new technique to estimate the hadronic energy of neutrino interactions. This estimator achieves a significant improvement in the energy resolution of the neutrino spectrum, and in the sensitivity of the neutrino oscillation fit. The systematic uncertainty on the hadronic energy scale was re-evaluated and found to be comparable to that of the energy estimator previously in use. The best-fit oscillation parameters of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, incorporating this new estimator were: {Delta}m{sup 2} = 2.32{sub -0.08}{sup +0.12} x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}, sin {sup 2} 2{theta} > 0.90 (90% C.L.). A similar analysis, using data from a period of running where the NuMI beam was operated in a configuration producing a predominantly {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beam, yielded somewhat different best-fit parameters {Delta}{bar m}{sup 2} = (3.36{sub -0.40}{sup +0.46}(stat.) {+-} 0.06(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}eV{sup 2}, sin{sup 2} 2{bar {theta}} = 0.86{sub -0.12}{sup _0.11}(stat.) {+-} 0.01(syst.). The tension between these results is intriguing, and additional antineutrino data is currently being taken in order to further investigate this apparent discrepancy.

  15. The Quality of Oscillations in Overdamped Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan O. Hodas

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The second law of thermodynamics implies that no macroscopic system may oscillate indefinitely without consuming energy. The question of the number of possible oscillations and the coherent quality of these oscillations remain unanswered. This paper proves the upper-bounds on the number and quality of such oscillations when the system in question is homogeneously driven and has a discrete network of states. In a closed system, the maximum number of oscillations is bounded by the number of states in the network. In open systems, the size of the network bounds the quality factor of oscillation. This work also explores how the quality factor of macrostate oscillations, such as would be observed in chemical reactions, are bounded by the smallest equivalent loop of the network, not the size of the entire system. The consequences of this limit are explored in the context of chemical clocks and limit cycles.

  16. Berry Phase in Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Gang He; Xue-Qian Li; Bruce H. J. McKellar; Yue Zhang

    2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Berry phase in neutrino oscillations for both Dirac and Majorana neutrinos. In order to have a Berry phase, the neutrino oscillations must occur in a varying medium, the neutrino-background interactions must depend on at least two independent densities, and also there must be CP violation if the neutrino interactions with matter are mediated only by the standard model W and Z boson exchanges which implies that there must be at least three generations of neutrinos. The CP violating Majorana phases do not play a role in generating a Berry phase. We show that a natural way to satisfy the conditions for the generation of a Berry phase is to have sterile neutrinos with active-sterile neutrino mixing, in which case at least two active and one sterile neutrinos are required. If there are additional new CP violating flavor changing interactions, it is also possible to have a non-zero Berry phase with just two generations.

  17. Carnot cycle for an oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnaud, J; Philippe, F

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carnot established in 1824 that the efficiency of cyclic engines operating between a hot bath at absolute temperature Th and a cold bath at temperature Tc cannot exceed 1-Tc/Th. This result implies the existence of an entropy function S(U) with the property that d^2S/dU^2 less equal 0, where U denotes the average energy. Linear single-mode systems alternately in contact with hot and cold baths obey these principles. A specific expression of the work done per cycle by an oscillator is derived from a prescription established by Einstein in 1906: heat baths may exchange energy with oscillators at angular frequency omega only by amounts hbar *omega, where 2*pi*hbar denotes the Planck constant. Non-reversible cycles are illustrated. The paper is essentially self-contained.

  18. Ladder operators for isospectral oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Seshadri; V. Balakrishnan; S. Lakshmibala

    1999-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We present, for the isospectral family of oscillator Hamiltonians, a systematic procedure for constructing raising and lowering operators satisfying any prescribed `distorted' Heisenberg algebra (including the $q$-generalization). This is done by means of an operator transformation implemented by a shift operator. The latter is obtained by solving an appropriate partial isometry condition in the Hilbert space. Formal representations of the non-local operators concerned are given in terms of pseudo-differential operators. Using the new annihilation operators, new classes of coherent states are constructed for isospectral oscillator Hamiltonians. The corresponding Fock-Bargmann representations are also considered, with specific reference to the order of the entire function family in each case.

  19. Oscillators: Old and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhattacharjee, Jayanta K. [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Roy, Jyotirmoy [UM-DAE Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Santa Cruz(E), Mumbai 400098 (India)

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider some of the well known oscillators in literature which are known to exhibit interesting effects of nonlinearity. We review the Lindstedt-Poincare technique for dealing with with the nonlinear effects and then go on to introduce the relevance of the renormalization group for the oscillator following the pioneering work of Chen et al. It is pointed out that the traditional Lindstedt-Poincare and the renormalization group techniques have operational connections. We use this to find an unexpected mode softening in the double pendulum. This mode softening prompted us to look for chaos in the double pendulum at low energies-energies that are just sufficient to allow the outer pendulum to rotate (the double pendulum is known to be chaotic at high energies-energies that are greater than that needed to make both pendulums to rotate). The emergence of the chaos is strongly dependent on initial conditions.

  20. Neutrino Masses and Flavor Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yifang Wang; Zhi-zhong Xing

    2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This essay is intended to provide a brief description of the peculiar properties of neutrinos within and beyond the standard theory of weak interactions. The focus is on the flavor oscillations of massive neutrinos, from which one has achieved some striking knowledge about their mass spectrum and flavor mixing pattern. The experimental prospects towards probing the absolute neutrino mass scale, possible Majorana nature and CP-violating effects will also be addressed.

  1. Neutrino Masses and Flavor Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yifang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This essay is intended to provide a brief description of the peculiar properties of neutrinos within and beyond the standard theory of weak interactions. The focus is on the flavor oscillations of massive neutrinos, from which one has achieved some striking knowledge about their mass spectrum and flavor mixing pattern. The experimental prospects towards probing the absolute neutrino mass scale, possible Majorana nature and CP-violating effects will also be addressed.

  2. Graphene, neutrino mass and oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Y. Wang

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma is presented that other constant velocities can play the role of c in the theory of relativity. For example, in 2005 electrons of graphene were discovered to behave as if the coefficient is a Fermi velocity. Then we propose a conjecture for neutrinos to avoid the contradiction among two-component theory, negative rest mass-square and oscillation.

  3. A Characterization of the Brightness Oscillations During Thermonuclear Bursts From 4U 1636-536

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Coleman Miller

    1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of nearly coherent brightness oscillations during thermonuclear X-ray bursts from six neutron-star low-mass X-ray binaries has opened up a new way to study the propagation of thermonuclear burning, and may ultimately lead to greater understanding of thermonuclear propagation in other astrophysical contexts, such as in Type Ia supernovae. Here we report detailed analyses of the ~580 Hz brightness oscillations during bursts from 4U 1636-536. We investigate the bursts as a whole and, in more detail, the initial portions of the bursts. We analyze the ~580 Hz oscillations in the initial 0.75 seconds of the five bursts that were used in a previous search for a brightness oscillation at the expected ~290 Hz spin frequency, and find that if the same frequency model describes all five bursts there is insufficient data to require more than a constant frequency or, possibly, a frequency plus a frequency derivative. Therefore, although it is appropriate to use an arbitrarily complicated model of the ~580 Hz oscillations to generate a candidate waveform for the ~290 Hz oscillations, models with more than two parameters are not required by the data. For the bursts as a whole we show that the characteristics of the brightness oscillations vary greatly from burst to burst. We find, however, that in at least one of the bursts, and possibly in three of the four that have strong brightness oscillations throughout the burst, the oscillation frequency reaches a maximum several seconds into the burst and then decreases. This behavior has not been reported previously for burst brightness oscillations, and it poses a challenge to the standard burning layer expansion explanation for the frequency changes.

  4. Micro-machined resonator oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koehler, Dale R. (Albuquerque, NM); Sniegowski, Jeffry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Bivens, Hugh M. (Albuquerque, NM); Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A micro-miniature resonator-oscillator is disclosed. Due to the miniaturization of the resonator-oscillator, oscillation frequencies of one MHz and higher are utilized. A thickness-mode quartz resonator housed in a micro-machined silicon package and operated as a "telemetered sensor beacon" that is, a digital, self-powered, remote, parameter measuring-transmitter in the FM-band. The resonator design uses trapped energy principles and temperature dependence methodology through crystal orientation control, with operation in the 20-100 MHz range. High volume batch-processing manufacturing is utilized, with package and resonator assembly at the wafer level. Unique design features include squeeze-film damping for robust vibration and shock performance, capacitive coupling through micro-machined diaphragms allowing resonator excitation at the package exterior, circuit integration and extremely small (0.1 in. square) dimensioning. A family of micro-miniature sensor beacons is also disclosed with widespread applications as bio-medical sensors, vehicle status monitors and high-volume animal identification and health sensors. The sensor family allows measurement of temperatures, chemicals, acceleration and pressure. A microphone and clock realization is also available.

  5. Micro-machined resonator oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koehler, D.R.; Sniegowski, J.J.; Bivens, H.M.; Wessendorf, K.O.

    1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A micro-miniature resonator-oscillator is disclosed. Due to the miniaturization of the resonator-oscillator, oscillation frequencies of one MHz and higher are utilized. A thickness-mode quartz resonator housed in a micro-machined silicon package and operated as a telemetered sensor beacon'' that is, a digital, self-powered, remote, parameter measuring-transmitter in the FM-band. The resonator design uses trapped energy principles and temperature dependence methodology through crystal orientation control, with operation in the 20--100 MHz range. High volume batch-processing manufacturing is utilized, with package and resonator assembly at the wafer level. Unique design features include squeeze-film damping for robust vibration and shock performance, capacitive coupling through micro-machined diaphragms allowing resonator excitation at the package exterior, circuit integration and extremely small (0.1 in. square) dimensioning. A family of micro-miniature sensor beacons is also disclosed with widespread applications as bio-medical sensors, vehicle status monitors and high-volume animal identification and health sensors. The sensor family allows measurement of temperatures, chemicals, acceleration and pressure. A microphone and clock realization is also available. 21 figs.

  6. MHK Technologies/Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHK ProjectsFlagshipNAREC <Air PistonOceanusDrive

  7. Irreducibility of the Lawrence-Krammer representation of the BMW algebra of type $A_{n-1}$, PhD thesis California Institute of Technology 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levaillant, Claire

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given two nonzero complex parameters $l$ and $m$, we construct by the mean of knot theory a matrix representation of size $\\chl$ of the BMW algebra of type $A_{n-1}$ with parameters $l$ and $m$ over the field $\\Q(l,r)$, where $m=\\unsurr-r$. As a representation of the braid group on $n$ strands, it is equivalent to the Lawrence-Krammer representation that was introduced by Lawrence and Krammer to show the linearity of the braid groups. We prove that the Lawrence-Krammer representation is generically irreducible, but that for some values of the parameters $l$ and $r$, it becomes reducible. In particular, we show that for these values of the parameters $l$ and $r$, the BMW algebra is not semisimple. When the representation is reducible, the action on a proper invariant subspace of the Lawrence-Krammer space must be a Hecke algebra action. It allows us to describe the invariant subspaces when the representation is reducible.

  8. Transition from amplitude to oscillation death in a network of oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauparna Nandan; C. R. Hens; Pinaki Pal; Syamal K. Dana

    2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a transition from a homogeneous steady state (HSS) to inhomogeneous steady states (IHSSs) in a network of globally coupled identical oscillators. We perturb a synchronized population in the network with a few local negative mean field links. It is observed that the whole population splits into two clusters for a certain number of negative mean field links and specific range of coupling strength. For further increases of the strength of interaction these clusters collapse to a HSS followed by a transition to IHSSs. We analytically determine the origin of HSS and its transition to IHSS in relation to the number of negative mean-field links and the strength of interaction using a reductionism approach to the model network in a two-cluster state. We verify the results with numerical examples of networks using the paradigmatic Landau-Stuart limit cycle system and the chaotic Rossler oscillator as dynamical nodes. During the transition from HSS to IHSSs, the network follows the Turing type symmetry breaking pitchfork or transcritical bifurcation depending upon the system dynamics.

  9. Faience Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Paul

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by Joanne Hodges. Faience Technology, Nicholson, UEE 2009Egyptian materials and technology, ed. Paul T. Nicholson,Nicholson, 2009, Faience Technology. UEE. Full Citation:

  10. Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

  11. Nonreciprocal wave scattering on nonlinear string-coupled oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Lepri; Arkady Pikovsky

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study scattering of a periodic wave in a string on two lumped oscillators attached to it. The equations can be represented as a driven (by the incident wave) dissipative (due to radiation losses) system of delay differential equations of neutral type. Nonlinearity of oscillators makes the scattering non-reciprocal: the same wave is transmitted differently in two directions. Periodic regimes of scattering are analysed approximately, using amplitude equation approach. We show that this setup can act as a nonreciprocal modulator via Hopf bifurcations of the steady solutions. Numerical simulations of the full system reveal nontrivial regimes of quasiperiodic and chaotic scattering. Moreover, a regime of a "chaotic diode", where transmission is periodic in one direction and chaotic in the opposite one, is reported.

  12. Collective neutrino oscillations and spontaneous symmetry breaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Huaiyu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations in a hot and dense astrophysical environment such as a core-collapse supernova pose a challenging, seven-dimensional flavor transport problem. To make the problem even more difficult (and interesting), neutrinos can experience collective oscillations through nonlinear refraction in the dense neutrino medium in this environment. Significant progress has been made in the last decade towards the understanding of collective neutrino oscillations in various simplified neutrino gas models with imposed symmetries and reduced dimensions. However, a series of recent studies seem to have "reset" this progress by showing that these models may not be compatible with collective neutrino oscillations because the latter can break the symmetries spontaneously if they are not imposed. We review some of the key concepts of collective neutrino oscillations by using a few simple toy models. We also elucidate the breaking of spatial and directional symmetries in these models because of collective oscillation...

  13. THE 3R ANTHRACITE CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY Economical Conversion of Browncoal to Anthracite Type Clean Coal by Low Temperature Carbonization Pre-Treatment Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Someus

    The pre ven tive pre-treat ment of low grade solid fu els is safer, faster, better, and less costly vs. the “end-of-the-pipe ” post treat ment so lu tions. The “3R ” (Re cy cle-Re duce-Re use) in te grated en vi ron-ment con trol tech nol ogy pro vides pre ven tive pre-treat ment of low grade solid fu els, such as brown coal and con tam i nated solid fu els to achieve high grade cleansed fu els with an thra cite and coke com-pa ra ble qual ity. The goal of the 3R tech nol ogy is to pro vide cost ef fi cient and en vi ron men tally sus-tain able so lu tions by pre ven tive pre-treat ment means for ex tended op er a tions of the solid fuel com-bus tion power plants with ca pac ity up to 300 MWe power ca pac i ties. The 3R An thra cite Clean Coal end prod uct and tech nol ogy may ad van ta geously be in te grated to the oxyfuel – oxy-fir ing, Fos ter Wheeler an thra cite arc-fired util ity type boiler and Heat Pipe Re former tech nol o gies in com bi na tion with CO2 cap ture and stor age pro grams. The 3R tech nol ogy is pat ented orig i nal so lu tion. Ad van tages. Feedstock flex i bil ity: ap pli ca tion of pre-treated multi fu els from wider fuel se lec tion and avail abil ity. Im proved burn ing ef fi ciency. Tech nol ogy flex i bil ity: ef fi cient and ad van ta geous inter-link to proven boiler tech nol o gies, such as oxyfuel and arc-fired boil ers. Near zero pol lut ants for haz ard ous-air-pol lut ants: pre ven tive sep a ra tion of halo gens and heavy met als into small vol ume streams prior uti li za tion of cleansed fu els. ?97 % or ganic sul phur re moval achieved by the 3R ther-

  14. Dynamics of two populations of phase oscillators with different frequency distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Terada; Toshio Aoyagi

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A large variety of rhythms have been observed in nature. These rhythms can be often regarded to interact with each other, such as electroencephalogram (EEG) in the brain. To investigate the dynamical properties of such systems, in this paper, we consider two populations of phase oscillators with different frequency distributions, particularly under the condition that the average frequency of fast oscillators is almost equal to the integral multiple of that of slow oscillators. What is the most important point is that we have to use the specific type of the coupling function derived from the phase reduction theory. Under some additional assumption, moreover, we can reduce the system consisting of two populations of coupled phase oscillators to a low-dimensional system in the continuum limit. As a result, we find chimera states in which clustering and incoherent states coexist. We also confirm that the behaviors of the derived low-dimensional model fairly agree with that of the original one.

  15. Dynamics of chiral oscillations - A comparative analysis with spin-flipping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex E. Bernardini

    2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Chiral oscillation as well as spin flipping effects correspond to quantum phenomena of fundamental importance in the context of particle physics and, in particular, of neutrino physics. From the point of view of first quantized theories, we are specifically interested in appointing the differences between chirality and helicity by obtaining their dynamic equations for a fermionic Dirac-type particle (neutrino). We also identify both effects when the non-minimal coupling with an external (electro)magnetic field in the neutrino interacting Lagrangian is taken into account. We demonstrate that, however, there is no constraint between chiral oscillations, when it takes place in vacuum, and the process of spin flipping related to the helicity quantum number, which does not take place in vacuum. To conclude, we show that the origin of chiral oscillations (in vacuum) can be interpreted as position very rapid oscillation projections onto the longitudinal direction of momentum.

  16. N=2 supersymmetric Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masterov, Ivan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct an N=2 supersymmetric extension of the Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator for distinct frequencies of oscillation. A link to a set of decoupled N=2 supersymmetric harmonic oscillators with alternating sign in the Hamiltonian is introduced. Symmetries of the model are discussed in detail. The investigation of a quantum counterpart of the constructed model shows that the corresponding Fock space contains negative norm states and the energy spectrum of the system is unbounded from below.

  17. N=2 supersymmetric Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivan Masterov

    2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct an N=2 supersymmetric extension of the Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator for distinct frequencies of oscillation. A link to a set of decoupled N=2 supersymmetric harmonic oscillators with alternating sign in the Hamiltonian is introduced. Symmetries of the model are discussed in detail. The investigation of a quantum counterpart of the constructed model shows that the corresponding Fock space contains negative norm states and the energy spectrum of the system is unbounded from below.

  18. Coherent states for the nonlinear harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, Subir [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B. T. Road, Kolkata 700108 (India)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave packets for the quantum nonlinear oscillator are considered in the generalized coherent state framework. To first order in the nonlinearity parameter the coherent state behaves very similar to its classical counterpart. The position expectation value oscillates in a simple harmonic manner. The energy-momentum uncertainty relation is time independent as in a harmonic oscillator. Various features (such as the squeezed state nature) of the coherent state have been discussed.

  19. Oscillations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomass and Biofuels Biomass and OrganizationalOriginal  

  20. On the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: Might they be related?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    ? Marc d'Orgeville1 and W. Richard Peltier1 Received 3 August 2007; revised 21 September 2007; accepted 1. Peltier (2007), On the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation: Might

  1. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel; Liangjian Wen; Chao Zhang

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  2. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel; Liangjian Wen; Chao Zhang

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  3. Pulsar kicks from neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Kusenko

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations in a core-collapse supernova may be responsible for the observed rapid motions of pulsars. Given the present bounds on the neutrino masses, the pulsar kicks require a sterile neutrino with mass 2-20 keV and a small mixing with active neutrinos. The same particle can be the cosmological dark matter. Its existence can be confirmed the by the X-ray telescopes if they detect a 1-10 keV photon line from the decays of the relic sterile neutrinos. In addition, one may be able to detect gravity waves from a pulsar being accelerated by neutrinos in the event of a nearby supernova.

  4. Neutrino Oscillation Studies with Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Petr; Zhang, Chao

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective, and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavors are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  5. Carnot cycle for an oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Arnaud; L. Chusseau; F. Philippe

    2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Carnot established in 1824 that the efficiency of cyclic engines operating between a hot bath at absolute temperature $T_{hot}$ and a bath at a lower temperature $T_{cold}$ cannot exceed $1-T_{cold}/T_{hot}$. We show that linear oscillators alternately in contact with hot and cold baths obey this principle in the quantum as well as in the classical regime. The expression of the work performed is derived from a simple prescription. Reversible and non-reversible cycles are illustrated. The paper begins with historical considerations and is essentially self-contained.

  6. Making space for harmonic oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michelotti, Leo; /Fermilab

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If we restrict the number of harmonic oscillator energy eigenstates to some finite value, N, then the discrete spectrum of the corresponding position operator comprise the roots of the Hermite polynomial H{sub N+1}. Its range is just large enough to accommodate classical motion at high energy. A negative energy term must be added to the Hamiltonian which affects only the last eigenstate, |N>, suggesting it is concentrated at the extrema of this finite ''space''. Calculations support a conjecture that, in the limit of large N, the global distribution of points approaches the differential form for classical action.

  7. Neutrino oscillation studies with reactors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Vogel, P. [California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Kellog Radiation Lab.; Wen, L.J. [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics (IHEP); Zhang, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactors are one of the most intense, pure, controllable, cost-effective and well-understood sources of neutrinos. Reactors have played a major role in the study of neutrino oscillations, a phenomenon that indicates that neutrinos have mass and that neutrino flavours are quantum mechanical mixtures. Over the past several decades, reactors were used in the discovery of neutrinos, were crucial in solving the solar neutrino puzzle, and allowed the determination of the smallest mixing angle ?13. In the near future, reactors will help to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy and to solve the puzzling issue of sterile neutrinos.

  8. Neutrino oscillation studies at LAMPF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, W.C.; LSND Collaboration

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for {anti v}{sub {mu}} {yields} {anti v}{sub e} oscillations has been made by the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector experiment at LAMPF after an initial month and a half run. The experiment observes eight events consistent with the reaction {anti v}{sub e}p {yields} e{sup +}n followed by np {yields} d{gamma} (2.2 MeV). The total estimated background is 0.9{plus_minus}0.2 events.

  9. The harmonic oscillator with dissipation within the theory of open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Isar

    2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Time evolution of the expectation values of various dynamical operators of the harmonic oscillator with dissipation is analitically obtained within the framework of the Lindblad theory for open quantum systems. We deduce the density matrix of the damped harmonic oscillator from the solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for the coherent state representation, obtained from the master equation for the density operator. The Fokker-Planck equation for the Wigner distribution function, subject to either the Gaussian type or the $\\delta$-function type of initial conditions, is also solved by using the Wang-Uhlenbeck method. The obtained Wigner functions are two-dimensional Gaussians with different widths.

  10. Impact of Neutrino Oscillation Measurements on Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was an amazing year in neutrino physics. Before March, thetheorists have a very good track record in neutrino physics.results from neutrino oscillation physics had surprised

  11. High frequency and high wavenumber solar oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

    1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine the frequencies of solar oscillations covering a wide range of degree (100< l <4000) and frequency (1.5 <\

  12. Shock propagation and neutrino oscillation in supernova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Takahashi; K. Sato; H. E. Dalhed; J. R. Wilson

    2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the shock propagation on neutrino oscillation in supernova is studied paying attention to evolution of average energy of $\

  13. Relaxed constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniela P. Kirilova; Mariana P. Panayotova

    2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the cosmological constraints on active-sterile neutrino oscillations nu_e nu_s for the case when nu_s is partially filled initially, i.e. 0 nu_s oscillations, effective after neutrino decoupling, accounting for all known oscillations effects on cosmological nucleosynthesis. Cosmological constraints on oscillation parameters corresponding to higher than 5% He-4 overproduction and different non-zero initial populations of the sterile state delta N_s 0 are relaxed in comparison with the delta N_s = 0 case and the relaxation is proportional to delta N_s.

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: Floating Oscillating Water Column

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This model has ... Joint Sandia-DOE-HMRC Testing of a Floating Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter Device On November 11, 2013, in Energy, News, News & Events,...

  15. Markovian evolution of strongly coupled harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaitanya Joshi; Patrik Ohberg; James D. Cresser; Erika Andersson

    2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate how to model Markovian evolution of coupled harmonic oscillators, each of them interacting with a local environment. When the coupling between the oscillators is weak, dissipation may be modeled using local Lindblad terms for each of the oscillators in the master equation, as is commonly done. When the coupling between oscillators is strong, this model may become invalid. We derive a master equation for two coupled harmonic oscillators which are subject to individual heat baths modeled by a collection of harmonic oscillators, and show that this master equation in general contains non-local Lindblad terms. We compare the resulting time evolution with that obtained for dissipation through local Lindblad terms for each individual oscillator, and show that the evolution is different in the two cases. In particular, the two descriptions give different predictions for the steady state and for the entanglement between strongly coupled oscillators. This shows that when describing strongly coupled harmonic oscillators, one must take great care in how dissipation is modeled, and that a description using local Lindblad terms may fail. This may be particularly relevant when attempting to generate entangled states of strongly coupled quantum systems.

  16. Self-oscillation in spin torque oscillator stabilized by field-like torque

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taniguchi, Tomohiro; Tsunegi, Sumito; Kubota, Hitoshi; Imamura, Hiroshi [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Spintronics Research Center, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the field-like torque on the self-oscillation of the magnetization in spin torque oscillator with a perpendicularly magnetized free layer was studied theoretically. A stable self-oscillation at zero field is excited for negative ? while the magnetization dynamics stops for ??=?0 or ??>?0, where ? is the ratio between the spin torque and the field-like torque. The reason why only the negative ? induces the self-oscillation was explained from the view point of the energy balance between the spin torque and the damping. The oscillation power and frequency for various ? were also studied by numerical simulation.

  17. Technology reviews: Glazing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology; determine the performance range of available technologies; identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances; examine market forces and market trends; and develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fag into that class.

  18. Technology reviews: Shading systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends. Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  19. Multipole expansion method for supernova neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Huaiyu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a multipole expansion method to calculate collective neutrino oscillations in supernovae using the neutrino bulb model. We show that it is much more efficient to solve multi-angle neutrino oscillations in multipole basis than in angle basis. The multipole expansion method also provides interesting insights into multi-angle calculations that were accomplished previously in angle basis.

  20. Multipole expansion method for supernova neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huaiyu Duan; Shashank Shalgar

    2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a multipole expansion method to calculate collective neutrino oscillations in supernovae using the neutrino bulb model. We show that it is much more efficient to solve multi-angle neutrino oscillations in multipole basis than in angle basis. The multipole expansion method also provides interesting insights into multi-angle calculations that were accomplished previously in angle basis.

  1. Neutrino optics and oscillations in gravitational fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Lambiase; G. Papini; R. Punzi; G. Scarpetta

    2005-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the propagation of neutrinos in gravitational fields using wave functions that are exact to first order in the metric deviation. For illustrative purposes, the geometrical background is represented by the Lense-Thirring metric. We derive explicit expressions for neutrino deflection, helicity transitions, flavor oscillations and oscillation Hamiltonian.

  2. Umbral oscillations as a probe of sunspot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdelatif, T.E.H.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of the solar five-minute oscillations with a sunspot is thoroughly explored, both on observational and theoretical grounds. Simple theoretical models are developed in order to understand the observations of umbral oscillations. Observations made at the National Solar Observatory detected both the three-minute and five-minute umbral oscillations at photospheric heights. The three-minute oscillations were found to have a kinetic energy density six times higher in the photosphere than in the chromosphere and to be concentrated in the central part of the umbra, supporting the photospheric resonance theory for the three-minute umbral oscillations. The five-minute oscillations are attenuated in the umbra, which appears to act as a filter in selecting some of the peaks in the power spectrum of five-minute oscillations in the surrounding photosphere. The k-omega power spectrum of the umbral oscillations shows a shift of power to longer wavelengths. Theoretical models of the transmission of acoustic waves into a magnetic region explain both observed effects.

  3. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Synchronous, Focally Modulated -Band Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graybiel, Ann M.

    , primarily synchronous -band voltage oscillations occur in the sensorimotor and frontal cortex of humansBehavioral/Systems/Cognitive Synchronous, Focally Modulated -Band Oscillations Characterize Local oscillations in the -frequency band ( 15­30Hz

  4. Massless neutrino oscillations via quantum tunneling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hai-Long

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order for different kinds of neutrino to transform into each other, the eigenvalues of energy of neutrino must be different. In the present theory of neutrino oscillations, this is guaranteed by the mass differences between the different eigenstates of neutrino. Thus neutrino cannot oscillate if it is massless. We suggest an explanation for neutrino oscillations by analogy with the oscillation of quantum two-state system, where the flipping of one state into the other may be regarded as a process of quantum tunneling and the required energy difference between the two eigenstates comes from the barrier potential energy. So neutrino with vanishing mass can also oscillate. One of the advantages of the explanation is that neutrino can still be described with Weyl equation within the framework of standard model.

  5. Massless neutrino oscillations via quantum tunneling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hai-Long Zhao

    2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In order for different kinds of neutrino to transform into each other, the eigenvalues of energy of neutrino must be different. In the present theory of neutrino oscillations, this is guaranteed by the mass differences between the different eigenstates of neutrino. Thus neutrino cannot oscillate if it is massless. We suggest an explanation for neutrino oscillations by analogy with the oscillation of quantum two-state system, where the flipping of one state into the other may be regarded as a process of quantum tunneling and the required energy difference between the two eigenstates comes from the barrier potential energy. So neutrino with vanishing mass can also oscillate. One of the advantages of the explanation is that neutrino can still be described with Weyl equation within the framework of standard model.

  6. Collective behavior of coupled nonuniform stochastic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir R. V. Assis; Mauro Copelli

    2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical studies of synchronization are usually based on models of coupled phase oscillators which, when isolated, have constant angular frequency. Stochastic discrete versions of these uniform oscillators have also appeared in the literature, with equal transition rates among the states. Here we start from the model recently introduced by Wood et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96}, 145701 (2006)], which has a collectively synchronized phase, and parametrically modify the phase-coupled oscillators to render them (stochastically) nonuniform. We show that, depending on the nonuniformity parameter $0\\leq \\alpha \\leq 1$, a mean field analysis predicts the occurrence of several phase transitions. In particular, the phase with collective oscillations is stable for the complete graph only for $\\alpha \\leq \\alpha^\\prime collective oscillations were found in the model.

  7. Torsional oscillations of longitudinally inhomogeneous coronal loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. V. Zaqarashvili; K Murawski

    2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the effect of an inhomogeneous mass density field on frequencies and wave profiles of torsional Alfven oscillations in solar coronal loops. Dispersion relations for torsional oscillations are derived analytically in limits of weak and strong inhomogeneities. These analytical results are verified by numerical solutions, which are valid for a wide range of inhomogeneity strength. It is shown that the inhomogeneous mass density field leads to the reduction of a wave frequency of torsional oscillations, in comparison to that of estimated from mass density at the loop apex. This frequency reduction results from the decrease of an average Alfven speed as far as the inhomogeneous loop is denser at its footpoints. The derived dispersion relations and wave profiles are important for potential observations of torsional oscillations which result in periodic variations of spectral line widths. Torsional oscillations offer an additional powerful tool for a development of coronal seismology.

  8. Chemical sensor with oscillating cantilevered probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adams, Jesse D

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides a method of detecting a chemical species with an oscillating cantilevered probe. A cantilevered beam is driven into oscillation with a drive mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A free end of the oscillating cantilevered beam is tapped against a mechanical stop coupled to a base end of the cantilevered beam. An amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured with a sense mechanism coupled to the cantilevered beam. A treated portion of the cantilevered beam is exposed to the chemical species, wherein the cantilevered beam bends when exposed to the chemical species. A second amplitude of the oscillating cantilevered beam is measured, and the chemical species is determined based on the measured amplitudes.

  9. Geothermal innovative technologies catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, D. (ed.)

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology items in this report were selected on the basis of technological readiness and applicability to current technology transfer thrusts. The items include technologies that are considered to be within 2 to 3 years of being transferred. While the catalog does not profess to be entirely complete, it does represent an initial attempt at archiving innovative geothermal technologies with ample room for additions as they occur. The catalog itself is divided into five major functional areas: Exploration; Drilling, Well Completion, and Reservoir Production; Materials and Brine Chemistry; Direct Use; and Economics. Within these major divisions are sub-categories identifying specific types of technological advances: Hardware; Software; Data Base; Process/Procedure; Test Facility; and Handbook.

  10. Flavor Oscillation from the Two-Point Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Martone; Dean J. Robinson

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a formalism for the flavor oscillation of unstable particles that relies only upon the structure of the time Fourier-transformed two-point Green's function. We derive exact oscillation probability and integrated oscillation probability formulae, and verify that our results reproduce the known results for both neutrino and neutral meson oscillation in the expected regimes of parameter space. The generality of our approach permits us to investigate flavor oscillation in exotic parameter regimes, and present the corresponding oscillation formulae.

  11. Pulse combustor with controllable oscillations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Welter, Michael J. (Columbiana, OH); Morris, Gary J. (Morgantown, WV)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A pulse combustor having thermally induced pulse combustion in a continuously flowing system is described. The pulse combustor is fitted with at lease one elongated ceramic body which significantly increases the heat transfer area in the combustion chamber of the combustor. The ceramic body or bodies possess sufficient mass and heat capacity to ignite the fuel-air charge once the ceramic body or bodies are heated by conventional spark plug initiated combustion so as to provide repetitive ignition and combustion of sequentially introduced fuel-air charges without the assistance of the spark plug and the rapid quenching of the flame after each ignition in a controlled manner so as to provide a selective control over the oscillation frequency and amplitude. Additional control over the heat transfer in the combustion chamber is provided by employing heat exchange mechanisms for selectively heating or cooling the elongated ceramic body or bodies and/or the walls of the combustion chamber.

  12. Oscillation of Capacitance inside Nanopores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Wu, Jianzhong [University of California, Riverside; Jin, Zhehui [University of California, Riverside

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    materials for supercapacitors. Although great attention has been given to the anomalous increase of the capacitance as the pore size approaches the ionic dimensions, there remains a lack of full comprehension of the size dependence of the capacitance in nanopores. Here we predict from a classical density functional theory that the capacitance of an ionic-liquid electrolyte inside a nanopore oscillates with a decaying envelope as the pore size increases. The oscillatory behavior can be attributed to the interference of the overlapping electric double layers (EDLs); namely, the maxima in capacitance appear when superposition of the two EDLs is most constructive. The theoretical prediction agreeswell with the experiment when the pore size is less than twice the ionic diameter.Confirmation of the entire oscillatory spectruminvites future experiments with a precise control of the pore size from micro- to mesoscales.

  13. accuracy neutrino oscillation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    effects are reviewed. The results from oscillations are confronted with neutrinoless double beta decay. G. Rajasekaran 2000-04-17 22 Neutrino Mass and Oscillation HEP -...

  14. Type B Accident Investigation, Subcontractor Employee Personal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    February 18, 2003, at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Type B Accident Investigation, Subcontractor Employee Personal Protective Equipment Ignition Incident...

  15. EVIDENCE FOR THE IMPACT OF STELLAR ACTIVITY ON THE DETECTABILITY OF SOLAR-LIKE OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED BY KEPLER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaplin, W. J.; Broomhall, A.-M.; Hekker, S.; Elsworth, Y.; Stevens, I. R. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Bedding, T. R.; Huber, D. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Bonanno, A. [INAF Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95123, Catania (Italy); GarcIa, R. A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM, CNRS, Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/SAp, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Verner, G. A. [Astronomy Unit, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Houdek, G. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Vienna, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Mathur, S.; Metcalfe, T. S. [High Altitude Observatory and, Scientific Computing Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307 (United States); Mosser, B. [LESIA, CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Universite Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); New, R. [Materials Engineering Research Institute, Faculty of Arts, Computing, Engineering and Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, S1 1WB (United Kingdom); Appourchaux, T. [Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Universite Paris XI, CNRS (UMR8617), Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Karoff, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Molenda-Zakowicz, J. [Astronomical Institute, University of Wroclaw, ul. Kopernika, 11, 51-622 Wroclaw (Poland); Monteiro, M. J. P. F. G. [Centro de Astrofisica and Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 (Portugal)

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use photometric observations of solar-type stars, made by the NASA Kepler Mission, to conduct a statistical study of the impact of stellar surface activity on the detectability of solar-like oscillations. We find that the number of stars with detected oscillations falls significantly with increasing levels of activity. The results present strong evidence for the impact of magnetic activity on the properties of near-surface convection in the stars, which appears to inhibit the amplitudes of the stochastically excited, intrinsically damped solar-like oscillations.

  16. Gamma Oscillation by Synaptic Inhibition in a Hippocampal Interneuronal Network Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiao-Jing

    both EPSPs and IPSPs phase-locked to the field oscillation frequencies (Jagadeesh et al., 1992; Chen and Sompolinsky, 1996). Traditionally, recurrent excitation between principal (pyramidal) neurons is viewed excitation of the AMPA type usually desynchronizes rather than synchronizes re- petitive spike firings

  17. The Intraseasonal Oscillation and the Energetics of Summertime Tropical Western North Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Eric

    The Intraseasonal Oscillation and the Energetics of Summertime Tropical Western North Pacific University of New York Albany, New York Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Submitted October 14, 2002 the energetics of tropical depression (TD)-type disturbances. An energetics analysis is conducted with NCEP

  18. Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines Technologies for Evaluating Fish Passage Through Turbines This report evaluated the feasibility of two types of...

  19. Oscillation modes of dc microdischarges with parallel-plate geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanovi?, Ilija; Škoro, Nikola; Mari?, Dragana; Petrovi?, Zoran Lj; Winter, Jörg

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two different oscillation modes in microdischarge with parallel-plate geometry has been observed: relaxation oscillations with frequency range between 1.23 and 2.1 kHz and free-running oscillations with 7 kHz frequency. The oscillation modes are induced by increasing power supply voltage or discharge current. For a given power supply voltage, there is a spontaneous transition from one to other oscillation mode and vice versa. Before the transition from relaxation to free-running oscillations, the spontaneous increase of oscillation frequency of relaxation oscillations form 1.3 kHz to 2.1 kHz is measured. Fourier Transform Spectra of relaxation oscillations reveal chaotic behaviour of microdischarge. Volt-Ampere characteristics associated with relaxation oscillations describes periodical transition between low current, diffuse discharge and normal glow. However, free-running oscillations appear in subnormal glow only.

  20. Neutrino Physics: Fundamentals of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. W. Kim

    1996-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this lecture we review some of the basic properties of neutrinos, in particular their mass and the oscillation behavior. First we discuss how to describe the neutrino mass. Then, under the assumption that neutrinos are massive and mixed, the fundamentals of the neutrino oscillations are discussed with emphasis on subtle aspects which have been overlooked in the past. We then review the terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments in the framework of three generations of neutrinos with the standard mass hierarchy. Finally, a brief summary of the current status of the solar and atmospheric neutrino problems will be given.

  1. Measuring Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillations with Neutrino Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivone F. M. Albuquerque; George F. Smoot

    2001-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino telescopes with large detection volumes can demonstrate that the current indications of neutrino oscillation are correct or if a better description can be achieved with non-standard alternatives. Observations of contained muons produced by atmospheric neutrinos can better constrain the allowed region for oscillations or determine the relevant parameters of non-standard models. We analyze the possibility of neutrino telescopes measuring atmospheric neutrino oscillations. We suggest adjustments to improve this potential. An addition of four densely-instrumented strings to the AMANDA II detector makes observations feasible. Such a configuration is competitive with current and proposed experiments.

  2. Self-seeding ring optical parametric oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM); Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical parametric oscillator apparatus utilizing self-seeding with an external nanosecond-duration pump source to generate a seed pulse resulting in increased conversion efficiency. An optical parametric oscillator with a ring configuration are combined with a pump that injection seeds the optical parametric oscillator with a nanosecond duration, mJ pulse in the reverse direction as the main pulse. A retroreflecting means outside the cavity injects the seed pulse back into the cavity in the direction of the main pulse to seed the main pulse, resulting in higher conversion efficiency.

  3. Axion Induced Oscillating Electric Dipole Moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Christopher T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The axion electromagnetic anomaly induces an oscillating electric dipole for any static magnetic dipole. Static electric dipoles do not produce oscillating magnetic moments. This is a low energy theorem which is a consequence of the space-time dependent cosmic background field of the axion. The electron will acquire an oscillating electric dipole of frequency $m_a$ and strength $\\sim 10^{-32}$ e-cm, two orders of magnitude above the nucleon, and within four orders of magnitude of the present standard model DC limit. This may suggest sensitive new experimental venues for the axion dark matter search.

  4. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    DOE’s Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database provides up-to-date information on marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy, both in the U.S. and around the world. The database includes wave, tidal, current, and ocean thermal energy, and contains information on the various energy conversion technologies, companies active in the field, and development of projects in the water. Depending on the needs of the user, the database can present a snapshot of projects in a given region, assess the progress of a certain technology type, or provide a comprehensive view of the entire marine and hydrokinetic energy industry. Results are displayed as a list of technologies, companies, or projects. Data can be filtered by a number of criteria, including country/region, technology type, generation capacity, and technology or project stage. The database was updated in 2009 to include ocean thermal energy technologies, companies, and projects.

  5. Sawtooth oscillations in shaped plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lazarus, E. A. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Luce, T. C.; Burrell, K. H.; Chu, M. S.; Ferron, J. R.; Hyatt, A. W.; Lao, L. L.; Lohr, J.; Osborne, T. H.; Petty, C. C.; Politzer, P. A.; Prater, R.; Scoville, J. T.; Strait, E. J.; Turnbull, A. D. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Austin, M. E.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Brennan, D. P. [University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104 (United States); Jayakumar, R. J.; Makowski, M. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] (and others)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of interchange and internal kink modes in the sawtooth oscillations is explored by comparing bean- and oval-shaped plasmas. The n=1 instability that results in the collapse of the sawtooth has been identified as a quasi-interchange in the oval cases and the internal kink in the bean shape. The ion and electron temperature profiles are followed in detail through the sawtooth ramp. It is found that electron energy transport rates are very high in the oval and quite low in the bean shape. Ion energy confinement in the oval is excellent and the sawtooth amplitude ({delta}T/T) in the ion temperature is much larger than that of the electrons. The sawtooth amplitudes for ions and electrons are comparable in the bean shape. The measured q profiles in the bean and oval shapes are found to be consistent with neoclassical current diffusion of the toroidal current, and the observed differences in q largely result from the severe differences in electron energy transport. For both shapes the collapse flattens the q profile and after the collapse return to q{sub 0} > or approx. 1. Recent results on intermediate shapes are reported. These shapes show that the electron energy transport improves gradually as the plasma triangularity is increased.

  6. Torsional oscillations of strange stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Mannarelli

    2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Strange stars are one of the hypothetical compact stellar objects that can be formed after a supernova explosion. The existence of these objects relies on the absolute stability of strange {\\it collapsed} quark matter with respect to standard nuclear matter. We discuss simple models of strange stars with a bare quark matter surface, thus standard nuclear matter is completely absent. In these models an electric dipole layer a few hundreds Fermi thick should exist close to the star surface. Studying the torsional oscillations of the electrically charged layer we estimate the emitted power, finding that it is of the order of $10^{45}$ erg/s, meaning that these objects would be among the brightest compact sources in the heavens. The associated relaxation times are very uncertain, with values ranging between microseconds and minutes, depending on the crust thickness. Although part of the radiated power should be absorbed by the electrosphere surrounding the strange star, a sizable fraction of photons should escape and be detectable.

  7. Four-Neutrino Oscillations at SNO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; C. Peña-Garay

    2001-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the potential of SNO to constraint the four-neutrino mixing schemes favoured by the results of all neutrino oscillations experiments. These schemes allow simultaneous transitions of solar $\

  8. Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

    2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric ...

  9. Oscillation damping means for magnetically levitated systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention presents a novel system and method of damping rolling, pitching, or yawing motions, or longitudinal oscillations superposed on their normal forward or backward velocity of a moving levitated system.

  10. The Case for Strategic Oscillation Fred Glover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Jin-Kao

    for Strategic Oscillation Fred Glover OptTek Systems, Inc., 1919 Seventh Street, Boulder, CO 80302 USA glover implications for future research. Manuscript Click here to download Manuscript: ANOR Glover and Jin

  11. Chimera States in Mechanical Oscillator Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martens, Erik Andreas; Fourrière, Antoine; Hallatschek, Oskar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The synchronization of coupled oscillators is a fascinating manifestation of self-organization that nature employs to orchestrate essential processes of life, such as the beating of the heart. While it was long thought that synchrony or disorder were mutually exclusive steady states for a network of identical oscillators, numerous theoretical studies in recent years revealed the intriguing possibility of 'chimera states', in which the symmetry of the oscillator population is broken into a synchronous and an asynchronous part. However, a striking lack of empirical evidence raises the question of whether chimeras are indeed characteristic to natural systems. This calls for a palpable realization of chimera states without any fine-tuning, from which physical mechanisms underlying their emergence can be uncovered. Here, we devise a simple experiment with mechanical oscillators coupled in a hierarchical network to show that chimeras emerge naturally from a competition between two antagonistic synchronization patte...

  12. Chimeras in networks of planar oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo R. Laing

    2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Chimera states occur in networks of coupled oscillators, and are characterized by having some fraction of the oscillators perfectly synchronized, while the remainder are desynchronized. Most chimera states have been observed in networks of phase oscillators with coupling via a sinusoidal function of phase differences, and it is only for such networks that any analysis has been performed. Here we present the first analysis of chimera states in a network of planar oscillators, each of which is described by both an amplitude and a phase. We find that as the attractivity of the underlying periodic orbit is reduced chimeras are destroyed in saddle-node bifurcations, and supercritical Hopf and homoclinic bifurcations of chimeras also occur.

  13. A Torsional Oscillator Study Solid Helium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    A Torsional Oscillator Study of Solid Helium George Edgar Marcus Nichols Royal Holloway College and Andy Nichols and Alexandra Zuckermann for theirs out of it. #12;Contents 1 Motivation 10 1.1 Helium

  14. Spatial xenon oscillation control with expert systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alten, S. (Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, Ankara (Turkey)); Danofsky, R.A. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatial power oscillations were attributed to the xenon transients in a reactor core in 1958 by Randall and St. John. These transients are usually initiated by a local reactivity insertion and lead to divergent axial flux oscillations in the core at constant power. Several heuristic manual control strategies and automatic control methods were developed to damp the xenon oscillations at constant power operations. However, after the load-follow operation of the reactors became a necessity of life, a need for better control strategies arose. Even though various advanced control strategies were applied to solve the xenon oscillation control problem for the load-follow operation, the complexity of the system created difficulties in modeling. The strong nonlinearity of the problem requires highly sophisticated analytical approaches that are quite inept for numerical solutions. On the other hand, the complexity of a system and heuristic nature of the solutions are the basic reasons for using artificial intelligence techniques such as expert systems.

  15. CFD analysis of laminar oscillating flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booten, C. W. Charles W.); Konecni, S. (Snezana); Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Martin, R. A. (Richard A.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a numerical simulations of oscillating flow in a constricted duct and compares the results with experimental and theoretical data. The numerical simulations were performed using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code CFX4.2. The numerical model simulates an experimental oscillating flow facility that was designed to test the properties and characteristics of oscillating flow in tapered ducts, also known as jet pumps. Jet pumps are useful devices in thermoacoustic machinery because they produce a secondary pressure that can counteract an unwanted effect called streaming, and significantly enhance engine efficiency. The simulations revealed that CFX could accurately model velocity, shear stress and pressure variations in laminar oscillating flow. The numerical results were compared to experimental data and theoretical predictions with varying success. The least accurate numerical results were obtained when laminar flow approached transition to turbulent flow.

  16. Experimental investigation of a coaxial gyrotron oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advani, Rahul N

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents experimental results of a megawatt power level, 140 GHz coaxial gyrotron oscillator. The coaxial gyrotron has the potential to transport very high power electron beams and thus achieve higher microwave ...

  17. PRESSURE ACTIVATED SEALANT TECHNOLOGY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael A. Romano

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to develop new, efficient, cost effective methods of internally sealing natural gas pipeline leaks through the application of differential pressure activated sealants. In researching the current state of the art for gas pipeline sealing technologies we concluded that if the project was successful, it appeared that pressure activated sealant technology would provide a cost effective alternative to existing pipeline repair technology. From our analysis of current field data for a 13 year period from 1985 to 1997 we were able to identify 205 leaks that were candidates for pressure activated sealant technology, affirming that pressure activated sealant technology is a viable option to traditional external leak repairs. The data collected included types of defects, areas of defects, pipe sizes and materials, incident and operating pressures, ability of pipeline to be pigged and corrosion states. This data, and subsequent analysis, was utilized as a basis for constructing applicable sealant test modeling.

  18. Evidence for Neutrino Oscillations I: Solar and Reactor Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. McDonald

    2004-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses evidence for neutrino oscillations obtained from measurements with solar neutrinos and reactor neutrinos.

  19. Newtonian gravity, red shift, confinement, asymptotic freedom and quarks oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Quznetsov

    2008-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Quarks oscillations give the Newtonian gravity law, the red shift, the confinement and the asymptotic freedom.

  20. Generalized oscillator strength of endohedral molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Ya. Amusia; L. V. Chernysheva; E. Z. Liverts

    2012-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate here the fast electron scattering upon endohedral atoms that present a fullerene CN staffed by an atom A, A@CN. We calculate the inelastic scattering cross-section expressing it via generalized oscillator strengths (GOS) density. We take into account two major effects of CN upon ionization of the atom A. Namely, the scattering of the electron by the static potential of the fullerenes shell and modification of the interaction between the fast incoming and atomic electrons due to polarization of the fullerenes shell by the incoming electron beam. To obtain the main features of the effect, we substitute the complex fullerenes shell CN by a static zero thickness potential, express its deformation under incoming electron action via CN polarizabilities. We perform all consideration in the frame of the so-called random phase approximation with exchange (RPAE) that gave reliable results for GOSes of isolated atoms, and expressions for absolute and differential in angle cross-sections. We limit ourselves with dipole and biggest non-dipole contributions to the differential in angle cross-section. We compare fast electron scattering with photoionization as a source of information on the target electronic structure and emphasize some advantages of fast electron scattering. As concrete objects of calculations, we choose noble gas endohedrals Ar@C60 and Xe@C60. The results are presented for two transferred momentum q values: q=0.1 and 1.0. Even for small q=0.1, in the so-called optical limit, the deviation from photoionization case is prominent and instructive. As an interesting and very specific object, we study onion-type endohedrals A@CN1@CN2, in which the all construction A@CN1 is stuffed inside CN2 with N2 >> N1.

  1. The remarkable agreement between the oscillation and wandering characteristics of solutions of differential systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sergeev, Igor N [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Lyapunov-type oscillation and wandering indicators are defined for solutions of systems of differential equations; these are the average frequency of zeros for the projection of a solution onto some line and the average angular velocity of rotation of a solution about the origin in some basis, respectively. An integral equality relating these indicators is obtained. The indicators introduced are shown to coincide if, prior to averaging, the oscillation indicators are minimized over all possible lines, and the wandering indicators over all possible bases. Bibliography: 17 titles.

  2. Field-Theoretical Treatment of Neutrino Oscillations The Strength of the Canonical Oscillation Formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimus, Walter; Stockinger, P

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss conceptual aspects of neutrino oscillations with the main emphasis on the field-theoretical approach. This approach includes the neutrino source and detector processes and allows to obtain the neutrino transition or survival probabilities as cross sections derived from the Feynman diagram of the combined source - detection process. In this context, the neutrinos which are supposed to oscillate appear as propagators of the neutrino mass eigenfields, connecting the source and detection processes. We consider also the question why the canonical neutrino oscillation formula is so robust against corrections and discuss the nature of the oscillating neutrino state emerging in the field-theoretical approach.

  3. Field-Theoretical Treatment of Neutrino Oscillations: The Strength of the Canonical Oscillation Formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Grimus; S. Mohanty; P. Stockinger

    1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss conceptual aspects of neutrino oscillations with the main emphasis on the field-theoretical approach. This approach includes the neutrino source and detector processes and allows to obtain the neutrino transition or survival probabilities as cross sections derived from the Feynman diagram of the combined source - detection process. In this context, the neutrinos which are supposed to oscillate appear as propagators of the neutrino mass eigenfields, connecting the source and detection processes. We consider also the question why the canonical neutrino oscillation formula is so robust against corrections and discuss the nature of the oscillating neutrino state emerging in the field-theoretical approach.

  4. Chaos control of parametric driven Duffing oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Leisheng; Mei, Jie; Li, Lijie, E-mail: L.Li@swansea.ac.uk [College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Duffing resonators are typical dynamic systems, which can exhibit chaotic oscillations, subject to certain driving conditions. Chaotic oscillations of resonating systems with negative and positive spring constants are identified to investigate in this paper. Parametric driver imposed on these two systems affects nonlinear behaviours, which has been theoretically analyzed with regard to variation of driving parameters (frequency, amplitude). Systematic calculations have been performed for these two systems driven by parametric pumps to unveil the controllability of chaos.

  5. Field-theoretical treatment of neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimus, Walter; Stockinger, P

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the field-theoretical approach to neutrino oscillations. This approach includes the neutrino source and detector processes and allows to obtain the neutrino transition or survival probabilities as cross sections derived from the Feynman diagram of the combined source -- detection process. In this context, the neutrinos which are supposed to oscillate appear as propagators of the neutrino mass eigenfields, connecting the source and detection processes.

  6. Field-theoretical treatment of neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Grimus; S. Mohanty; P. Stockinger

    1999-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the field-theoretical approach to neutrino oscillations. This approach includes the neutrino source and detector processes and allows to obtain the neutrino transition or survival probabilities as cross sections derived from the Feynman diagram of the combined source -- detection process. In this context, the neutrinos which are supposed to oscillate appear as propagators of the neutrino mass eigenfields, connecting the source and detection processes.

  7. Dirac oscillators and the relativistic R matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Grineviciute; Dean Halderson

    2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dirac oscillators are shown to be an excellent expansion basis for solutions of the Dirac equation by $R$-matrix techniques. The combination of the Dirac oscillator and the $R$-matrix approach provides a convenient formalism for reactions as well as bound state problems. The utility of the $R$-matrix approach is demonstrated in relativistic impulse approximation calculations where exchange terms can be calculated exactly, and scattering waves made orthogonal to bound state wave functions.

  8. Oscillation dynamics of multi-well condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mossmann; C. Jung

    2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new approach to the macroscopic dynamics of three-well Bose-Einstein condensates, giving particular emphasis to self-trapping and Josephson oscillations. Although these effects have been studied quite thoroughly in the mean-field approximation, a full quantum description is desirable, since it avoids pathologies due to the nonlinear character of the mean-field equations. Using superpositions of quantum eigenstates, we construct various oscillation and trapping scenarios.

  9. Digital Actuator Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Thomas; Ted Quinn; Jerry Mauck; Richard Bockhorst

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are significant developments underway in new types of actuators for power plant active components. Many of these make use of digital technology to provide a wide array of benefits in performance of the actuators and in reduced burden to maintain them. These new product offerings have gained considerable acceptance in use in process plants. In addition, they have been used in conventional power generation very successfully. This technology has been proven to deliver the benefits promised and substantiate the claims of improved performance. The nuclear industry has been reluctant to incorporate digital actuator technology into nuclear plant designs due to concerns due to a number of concerns. These could be summarized as cost, regulatory uncertainty, and a certain comfort factor with legacy analog technology. The replacement opportunity for these types of components represents a decision point for whether to invest in more modern technology that would provide superior operational and maintenance benefits. Yet, the application of digital technology has been problematic for the nuclear industry, due to qualification and regulatory issues. With some notable exceptions, the result has been a continuing reluctance to undertake the risks and uncertainties of implementing digital actuator technology when replacement opportunities present themselves. Rather, utilities would typically prefer to accept the performance limitations of the legacy analog actuator technologies to avoid impacts to project costs and schedules. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate that the benefits of digital actuator technology can be significant in terms of plant performance and that it is worthwhile to address the barriers currently holding back the widespread development and use of this technology. It addresses two important objectives in pursuit of the beneficial use of digital actuator technology for nuclear power plants: 1. To demonstrate the benefits of digital actuator technology over legacy analog sensor technology in both quantitative and qualitative ways. 2. To recognize and address the added difficulty of digital technology qualification, especially in regard to software common cause failure (SCCF), that is introduced by the use of digital actuator technology.

  10. Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tod E. Strohmayer

    2001-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    High amplitude, nearly coherent X-ray brightness oscillations during thermonuclear X-ray bursts were discovered with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) in early 1996. Spectral and timing evidence strongly supports the conclusion that these oscillations are caused by rotational modulation of the burst emission and that they reveal the spin frequency of neutron stars in low mass X-ray binaries, a long sought goal of X-ray astronomy. Studies carried out over the past year have led to the discovery of burst oscillations in four new sources, bringing to ten the number with confirmed burst oscillations. I review the status of our knowledge of these oscillations and indicate how they can be used to probe the physics of neutron stars. For a few burst oscillation sources it has been proposed that the strongest and most ubiquitous frequency is actually the first overtone of the spin frequency and hence that two nearly antipodal hot spots are present on the neutron star. This inference has important implications for both the physics of thermonuclear burning as well as the mass - radius relation for neutron stars, so its confirmation is crucial. I discuss recent attempts to confirm this hypothesis for 4U 1636-53, the source for which a signal at the putative fundamental (290 Hz) has been claimed.

  11. Organized Oscillations of Initially-Turbulent Flow Past a Cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.C. Lin; D. Rockwell

    2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Flow past an open cavity is known to give rise to self-sustained oscillations in a wide variety of configurations, including slotted-wall, wind and water tunnels, slotted flumes, bellows-type pipe geometries, high-head gates and gate slots, aircraft components and internal piping systems. These cavity-type oscillations are the origin of coherent and broadband sources of noise and, if the structure is sufficiently flexible, flow-induced vibration as well. Moreover, depending upon the state of the cavity oscillation, substantial alterations of the mean drag may be induced. In the following, the state of knowledge of flow past cavities, based primarily on laminar inflow conditions, is described within a framework based on the flow physics. Then, the major unresolved issues for this class of flows will be delineated. Self-excited cavity oscillations have generic features, which are assessed in detail in the reviews of Rockwell and Naudascher, Rockwell, Howe and Rockwell. These features, which are illustrated in the schematic of Figure 1, are: (i) interaction of a vorticity concentration(s) with the downstream corner, (ii) upstream influence from this corner interaction to the sensitive region of the shear layer formed from the upstream corner of the cavity; (iii) conversion of the upstream influence arriving at this location to a fluctuation in the separating shear layer; and (iv) amplification of this fluctuation in the shear layer as it develops in the streamwise direction. In view of the fact that inflow shear-layer in the present investigation is fully turbulent, item (iv) is of particular interest. It is generally recognized, at least for laminar conditions at separation from the leading-corner of the cavity, that the disturbance growth in the shear layer can be described using concepts of linearized, inviscid stability theory, as shown by Rockwell, Sarohia, and Knisely and Rockwell. As demonstrated by Knisely and Rockwell, on the basis of experiments interpreted with the aid of linearized theory, not only the fundamental component of the shear layer instability may be present, but a number of additional, primarily lower frequency components can exist as well. In fact, the magnitude of these components can be of the same order as the fundamental component. These issues have not been addressed for the case of a fully-turbulent in-flow and its separation from the leading corner of the cavity.

  12. Intensity oscillations in the carbon 1s ionization cross sections of 2-butyne

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas X. [Division of Natural Sciences, Keuka College, Keuka Park, New York 14478 (United States); Zahl, Maria G.; Borve, Knut J.; Saethre, Leif J. [Department of Chemistry, University of Bergen, Allegaten 41, NO-5007 Bergen (Norway); Decleva, Piero; Ponzi, Aurora [Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Via L. Giorgieri 1, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Kas, Joshua J.; Vila, Fernando D.; Rehr, John J. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Box 351560, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Thomas, T. Darrah [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States)

    2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon 1s photoelectron spectra for 2-butyne (CH{sub 3}C{identical_to}CCH{sub 3}) measured in the photon energy range from threshold to 150 eV above threshold show oscillations in the intensity ratio C2,3/C1,4. Similar oscillations have been seen in chloroethanes, where the effect has been attributed to EXAFS-type scattering from the substituent chlorine atoms. In 2-butyne, however, there is no high-Z atom to provide a scattering center and, hence, oscillations of the magnitude observed are surprising. The results have been analyzed in terms of two different theoretical models: a density-functional model with B-spline atom-centered functions to represent the continuum electrons and a multiple-scattering model using muffin-tin potentials to represent the scattering centers. Both methods give a reasonable description of the energy dependence of the intensity ratios.

  13. Chimera states in systems of nonlocal nonidentical phase-coupled oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jianbo Xie; Hsien-Ching Kao; Edgar Knobloch

    2015-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Chimera states consisting of domains of coherently and incoherently oscillating nonlocally-coupled phase oscillators in systems with spatial inhomogeneity are studied. The inhomogeneity is introduced through the dependence of the oscillator frequency on its location. Two types of spatial inhomogeneity, localized and spatially periodic, are considered and their effects on the existence and properties of multi-cluster and traveling chimera states are explored. The inhomogeneity is found to break up splay states, to pin the chimera states to specific locations and to trap traveling chimeras. Many of these states can be studied by constructing an evolution equation for a complex order parameter. Solutions of this equation are in good agreement with the results of numerical simulations.

  14. Tests of Lorentz and CPT violation with MiniBooNE neutrino oscillation excesses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teppei Katori

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Violation of Lorentz invariance and CPT symmetry is a predicted phenomenon of Planck-scale physics. Various types of data are analyzed to search for Lorentz violation under the Standard-Model Extension (SME) framework, including neutrino oscillation data. MiniBooNE is a short-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment at Fermilab. The measured excesses from MiniBooNE cannot be reconciled within the neutrino Standard Model; thus it might be a signal of new physics, such as Lorentz violation. We have analyzed the sidereal time dependence of MiniBooNE data for signals of the possible breakdown of Lorentz invariance in neutrinos. In this brief review, we introduce Lorentz violation, the neutrino sector of the SME, and the analysis of short-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. We then present the results of the search for Lorentz violation in MiniBooNE data. This review is based on the published result (ArXiv:1109.3480).

  15. Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts: A New Probe of Neutron Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tod E. Strohmayer

    1999-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations of thermonuclear (Type I) X-ray bursts from neutron stars in low mass X-ray binaries (LMXB) with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) have revealed large amplitude, high coherence X-ray brightness oscillations with frequencies in the 300 - 600 Hz range. Substantial spectral and timing evidence point to rotational modulation of the X-ray burst flux as the cause of these oscillations, and it is likely that they reveal the spin frequencies of neutron stars in LMXB from which they are detected. Here I review the status of our knowledge of these oscillations and describe how they can be used to constrain the masses and radii of neutron stars as well as the physics of thermonuclear burning on accreting neutron stars.

  16. Experimental study of the D-OSKIL mechanism for controlling the stick-slip oscillations in a drilling laboratory testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in a drilling laboratory testbed Haochuan Lu Electrical&Electronic Engineering Nanyang Technological University details of the experimental process and the obtained drilling performance. Results show that the stick are drilled with a rotary drillstring system. Different drillstring oscillations are an important cause

  17. CMM Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, Robert C.

    2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This project addressed coordinate measuring machine (CMM) technology and model-based engineering. CMM data analysis and delivery were enhanced through the addition of several machine types to the inspection summary program. CMM hardware and software improvements were made with the purchases of calibration and setup equipment and new model-based software for the creation of inspection programs. Kansas City Plant (KCP) personnel contributed to and influenced the development of dimensional metrology standards. Model-based engineering capabilities were expanded through the development of software for the tolerance analysis of piece parts and for the creation of model-based CMM inspection programs and inspection plans and through the purchase of off-the-shelf software for the tolerance analysis of mechanical assemblies. An obsolete database application used to track jobs in Precision Measurement was replaced by a web-based application with improved query and reporting capabilities. A potential project to address the transformation of the dimensional metrology enterprise at the Kansas City Plant was identified.

  18. Generation of high power sub-terahertz radiation from a gyrotron with second harmonic oscillation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saito, Teruo; Yamada, Naoki; Ikeuti, Shinji; Tatematsu, Yoshinori; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Ogawa, Isamu; Idehara, Toshitaka [Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan); Ogasawara, Shinya [Department of Energy Engineering and Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8463 (Japan); Manuilov, Vladimir N. [Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod 603600 (Russian Federation); Shimozuma, Takashi; Kubo, Shin; Nishiura, Masaki; Tanaka, Kenji; Kawahata, Kazuo [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    New power records of second harmonic gyrotron oscillation have been demonstrated in the sub-THz band. The first step gyrotron of demountable type had succeeded in oscillation with power more than 50 kW at 350 GHz and nearly 40 kW at 390 GHz [T. Notake et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 225002 (2009)]. Then, the second step gyrotron of sealed-off type was manufactured. A cavity mode was carefully selected to avoid mode competition with a neighboring fundamental harmonic mode. Matching of the selected mode with the electron gun was also circumspectly considered. The second step gyrotron has attained higher power radiation than the first gyrotron. The maximum single mode power was 62 kW at 388 GHz. Then, the electron gun was modified for use of a different cavity mode with a higher coupling coefficient than that for the 62 kW mode. The new mode proved single mode oscillation power of 83 kW at about 389 GHz. These results are new second-harmonic-oscillation power records for sub-THz gyrotrons. The present study constitutes foundations of development of high power second harmonic sub-THz gyrotron for application to collective Thomson scattering measurement on fusion plasmas, especially on high-density plasmas such as those produced in LHD [N. Ohyabu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 055002 (2006)]. This paper reports the design consideration to realize high power single mode gyrotron oscillation at second harmonic and the examination of oscillation characteristics of the gyrotron.

  19. Timescales of Kozai-Lidov oscillations at quadrupole and octupole order in the test particle limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antognini, Joseph M O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kozai-Lidov (KL) oscillations in hierarchical triple systems have found application to many astrophysical contexts, including planet formation, type Ia supernovae, and supermassive black hole dynamics. The period of these oscillations is known at the order-of-magnitude level, but dependences on the initial mutual inclination or inner eccentricity are not typically included. In this work I calculate the period of KL oscillations ($t_{\\textrm{KL}}$) exactly in the test particle limit at quadrupole order (TPQ). I explore the parameter space of all hierarchical triples at TPQ and show that except for triples on the boundary between libration and rotation, the period of KL oscillations does not vary by more than a factor of a few. The exact period may be approximated to better than 2 per cent for triples with mutual inclinations between 60$^{\\circ}$ and 120$^{\\circ}$ and initial eccentricities less than $\\sim$0.3. In addition, I derive an analytic expression for the period of octupole-order oscillations due to the...

  20. Phenomena of oscillations in atmospheric pressure direct current glow discharges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Fu-cheng [College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (China)] [College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (China); Yan, Wen; Wang, De-zhen [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-sustained oscillations in a dc glow discharge with a semiconductor layer at atmospheric pressure were investigated by means of a one-dimensional fluid model. It is found that the dc glow discharge initially becomes unstable in the subnormal glow region and gives rise to oscillations of plasma parameters. A variety of oscillations with one or more frequencies have been observed under different conditions. The discharge oscillates between the glow discharge mode and the Townsend discharge mode in the oscillations with large amplitude while operates in the subnormal glow discharge mode all the while in the oscillations with small amplitude. Fourier Transform spectra of oscillations reveal the transition mechanism between different oscillations. The effects of semiconductor conductivity on the oscillation frequency of the dominant mode, gas voltage, as well as the discharge current have also been analyzed.

  1. Attenuation of Beaming Oscillations Near Neutron Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Coleman Miller

    2000-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations with RXTE have revealed kilohertz quasi-periodic brightness oscillations (QPOs) from nearly twenty different neutron-star low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs). These frequencies often appear as a pair of kilohertz QPOs in a given power density spectrum. In many models the higher-frequency of these QPOs is a beaming oscillation at the frequency of a nearly circular orbit at some radius near the neutron star. In such models it is expected that there will also be beaming oscillations at the stellar spin frequency and at overtones of the orbital frequency, but no strong QPOs have been detected at these frequencies. We therefore examine the processes that can attenuate beaming oscillations near neutron stars, and in doing so extend the work on this subject that was initiated by the discovery of lower-frequency QPOs from LMXBs. Among our main results are (1)in a spherical scattering cloud, all overtones of rotationally modulated beaming oscillations are attenuated strongly, not just the even harmonics, and (2)it is possible to have a relatively high-amplitude modulation near the star at, e.g., the stellar spin frequency, even if no peak at that frequency is detectable in a power density spectrum taken at infinity. We discuss the application of these results to modeling of kilohertz QPOs.

  2. Antineutrino Oscillations in the Atmospheric Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Himmel, Alexander I.; /Caltech

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents measurements of the oscillations of muon antineutrinos in the atmospheric sector, where world knowledge of antineutrino oscillations lags well behind the knowledge of neutrinos, as well as a search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} transitions. Differences between neutrino and antineutrino oscillations could be a sign of physics beyond the Standard Model, including non-standard matter interactions or the violation of CPT symmetry. These measurements leverage the sign-selecting capabilities of the magnetized steel-scintillator MINOS detectors to analyze antineutrinos from the NuMI beam, both when it is in neutrino-mode and when it is in antineutrino-mode. Antineutrino oscillations are observed at |{Delta}{bar m}{sub atm}{sup 2}| = (3.36{sub -0.40}{sup +0.46}(stat) {+-} 0.06(syst)) x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}(2{bar {theta}}{sub 23}) = 0.860{sub -0.12}{sup +0.11}(stat) {+-} 0.01(syst). The oscillation parameters measured for antineutrinos and those measured by MINOS for neutrinos differ by a large enough margin that the chance of obtaining two values as discrepant as those observed is only 2%, assuming the two measurements arise from the same underlying mechanism, with the same parameter values. No evidence is seen for neutrino-to-antineutrino transitions.

  3. Coupled Oscillator Systems Having Partial PT Symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beygi, Alireza; Bender, Carl M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines chains of $N$ coupled harmonic oscillators. In isolation, the $j$th oscillator ($1\\leq j\\leq N$) has the natural frequency $\\omega_j$ and is described by the Hamiltonian $\\frac{1}{2}p_j^2+\\frac{1}{2}\\omega_j^2x_j^2$. The oscillators are coupled adjacently with coupling constants that are purely imaginary; the coupling of the $j$th oscillator to the $(j+1)$st oscillator has the bilinear form $i\\gamma x_jx_{j+1}$ ($\\gamma$ real). The complex Hamiltonians for these systems exhibit {\\it partial} $\\mathcal{PT}$ symmetry; that is, they are invariant under $i\\to-i$ (time reversal), $x_j\\to-x_j$ ($j$ odd), and $x_j\\to x_j$ ($j$ even). [They are also invariant under $i\\to-i$, $x_j\\to x_j$ ($j$ odd), and $x_j\\to- x_j$ ($j$ even).] For all $N$ the quantum energy levels of these systems are calculated exactly and it is shown that the ground-state energy is real. When $\\omega_j=1$ for all $j$, the full spectrum consists of a real energy spectrum embedded in a complex one; the eigenfunctions correspondi...

  4. PERSISTENT DOPPLER SHIFT OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED WITH HINODE/EIS IN THE SOLAR CORONA: SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNATURES OF ALFVENIC WAVES AND RECURRING UPFLOWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian Hui; McIntosh, Scott W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon [Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064 (United States); De Pontieu, Bart [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover St., Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Innes, Davina E.; Peter, Hardi, E-mail: htian@ucar.edu [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany)

    2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Using data obtained by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer on board Hinode, we have performed a survey of obvious and persistent (without significant damping) Doppler shift oscillations in the corona. We have found mainly two types of oscillations from February to April in 2007. One type is found at loop footpoint regions, with a dominant period around 10 minutes. They are characterized by coherent behavior of all line parameters (line intensity, Doppler shift, line width, and profile asymmetry), and apparent blueshift and blueward asymmetry throughout almost the entire duration. Such oscillations are likely to be signatures of quasi-periodic upflows (small-scale jets, or coronal counterpart of type-II spicules), which may play an important role in the supply of mass and energy to the hot corona. The other type of oscillation is usually associated with the upper part of loops. They are most clearly seen in the Doppler shift of coronal lines with formation temperatures between one and two million degrees. The global wavelets of these oscillations usually peak sharply around a period in the range of three to six minutes. No obvious profile asymmetry is found and the variation of the line width is typically very small. The intensity variation is often less than 2%. These oscillations are more likely to be signatures of kink/Alfven waves rather than flows. In a few cases, there seems to be a {pi}/2 phase shift between the intensity and Doppler shift oscillations, which may suggest the presence of slow-mode standing waves according to wave theories. However, we demonstrate that such a phase shift could also be produced by loops moving into and out of a spatial pixel as a result of Alfvenic oscillations. In this scenario, the intensity oscillations associated with Alfvenic waves are caused by loop displacement rather than density change. These coronal waves may be used to investigate properties of the coronal plasma and magnetic field.

  5. Insider protection technology developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foesch, J.; Bortniak, P.; Waddoups, I.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories evaluates and develops new techniques and technologies to ensure the integrity of special nuclear material (SNM) against potential insider threats. We have evaluated several types of sensor technologies and subsystems to monitor and/or track materials and personnel. This past year`s effort has been directed at characterizing commercial developments that meet the Department of Energy`s (DOE) needs in some of these areas. Some of these evaluations are complete and some are still in progress. This paper discusses our work with infrared light (IR), radio frequency (RF), and RF proximity technologies. After these technologies are judged to be applicable to DOE`s needs, we incorporate them into the generic, real time, personnel tracking and material monitoring system.

  6. Department of Engineering Technology Technology Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    Department of Engineering Technology Technology Education A Teacher Education Program New Jersey Institute of Technology #12;WHAT WILL YOU LEARN? Technology teachers teach problem-based learning utilizing math, science and technology principles. Technological studies involve students: · Designing

  7. Three-flavour neutrino oscillation update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schwetz; Mariam Tortola; Jose W. F. Valle

    2010-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the present status of three-flavour neutrino oscillations, taking into account the latest available neutrino oscillation data presented at the Neutrino 2008 Conference. This includes the data released this summer by the MINOS collaboration, the data of the neutral current counter phase of the SNO solar neutrino experiment, as well as the latest KamLAND and Borexino data. We give the updated determinations of the leading 'solar' and 'atmospheric' oscillation parameters. We find from global data that the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ is consistent with zero within $0.9\\sigma$ and we derive an upper bound of $\\sin^2\\theta_{13} < 0.035 (0.056)$ at 90% CL (3$\\sigma$).

  8. Axion Induced Oscillating Electric Dipole Moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher T. Hill

    2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The axion electromagnetic anomaly induces an oscillating electric dipole for {\\em any} static magnetic dipole. Static electric dipoles do not produce oscillating magnetic moments. This is a low energy theorem which is a consequence of the space-time dependent cosmic background field of the axion in the limit that it is only locally time dependent $(\\overrightarrow{\\beta}=0)$. The electron will acquire an oscillating electric dipole of frequency $m_a$ and strength $\\sim 10^{-32}$ e-cm, three orders of magnitude above the nucleon, and within four orders of magnitude of the present standard model DC limit. This may suggest sensitive new experimental venues for the axion dark matter search.

  9. Frequency stabilization in nonlinear MEMS and NEMS oscillators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lopez, Omar Daniel; Antonio, Dario

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An illustrative system includes an amplifier operably connected to a phase shifter. The amplifier is configured to amplify a voltage from an oscillator. The phase shifter is operably connected to a driving amplitude control, wherein the phase shifter is configured to phase shift the amplified voltage and is configured to set an amplitude of the phase shifted voltage. The oscillator is operably connected to the driving amplitude control. The phase shifted voltage drives the oscillator. The oscillator is at an internal resonance condition, based at least on the amplitude of the phase shifted voltage, that stabilizes frequency oscillations in the oscillator.

  10. Distributed Energy Technology Characterization (Desiccant Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characterization (Desiccant Technologies), January 2004 Distributed Energy Technology Characterization (Desiccant Technologies), January 2004 The purpose of this report is to...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electric Drive Technologies Annual Progress Report Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies Annual Progress Report The Electric Drive Technologies research and...

  12. Neutrino oscillations in the early Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kirilova; M. Chizhov

    2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the oscillations effects on neutrinos in the early Universe and update the cosmological constraints on the oscillation parameters. It is shown that sterile LOW solution to the solar neutrino problem is almost completely excluded from cosmological nucleosynthesis considerations. Two possibilities for the relaxation of this constraint are discussed: high primordial helium-4 yield and a relic lepton asymmetry present at nucleosynthesis epoch. The numerical analysis proved that Y_p=0.25 only relaxes the constraint on LOW solution, while L > 10^{-5} is capable to remove it.

  13. New parametrization of cosmic neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palladino, Andrea

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new parameterization of neutrinos oscillations in vacuum, assuming the conventional three flavor scheme, is proposed and discussed. Applications of this parameterization are considered, that concern the study of the flavor ratios, of their uncertainties, the expectations for the signal due to Glashow resonance. It is shown that a Gaussian treatment describes to a good level of approximation the effects of the uncertainties on the mixing angles and on the CP violating phase. The recently obtained agreement of observations with the hypothesis of cosmic neutrino oscillations is confirmed.

  14. Large neutrino asymmetries from neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Foot; M. J. Thomson; R. R. Volkas

    1995-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We re-examine neutrino oscillations in the early universe. Contrary to previous studies, we show that large neutrino asymmetries can arise due to oscillations between ordinary neutrinos and sterile neutrinos. This means that the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) bounds on the mass and mixing of ordinary neutrinos with sterile neutrinos can be evaded. Also, it is possible that the neutrino asymmetries can be large (i.e. $\\stackrel{>}{\\sim} 10\\%$), and hence have a significant effect on BBN through nuclear reaction rates.

  15. Variations on Four-Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; S. Pakvasa; T. J. Weiler; K. Whisnant

    1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We make a model-independent analysis of all available data that indicate neutrino oscillations. Using probability diagrams, we confirm that a mass spectrum with two nearly degenerate pairs of neutrinos separated by a mass gap of $\\simeq1$ eV is preferred over a spectrum with one mass eigenstate separated from the others. We derive some new relations among the four-neutrino mixing matrix elements. We design four-neutrino mass matrices with three active neutrinos and one sterile neutrino that naturally incorporate maximal oscillations of atmospheric $\

  16. Probing supernova physics with neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Minakata; H. Nunokawa; R. Tomas; J. W. F. Valle

    2002-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We point out that solar neutrino oscillations with large mixing angle as evidenced in current solar neutrino data have a strong impact on strategies for diagnosing collapse-driven supernova (SN) through neutrino observations. Such oscillations induce a significant deformation of the energy spectra of neutrinos, thereby allowing us to obtain otherwise inaccessible features of SN neutrino spectra. We demonstrate that one can determine temperatures and luminosities of non-electron flavor neutrinos by observing bar{nu}_{e} from galactic SN in massive water Cherenkov detectors by the charged current reactions on protons.

  17. Dirac oscillator interacting with a topological defect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carvalho, J.; Furtado, C.; Moraes, F. [Unidade Academica de Tecnologia de Alimentos, CCTA, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Pereiros, 58840-000, Pombal, Paraiba (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Cidade Universitaria, 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we study the interaction problem of a Dirac oscillator with gravitational fields produced by topological defects. The energy levels of the relativistic oscillator in the cosmic string and in the cosmic dislocation space-times are sensible to curvature and torsion associated to these defects and are important evidence of the influence of the topology on this system. In the presence of a localized magnetic field the energy levels acquire a term associated with the Aharonov-Bohm effect. We obtain the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues and see that in the nonrelativistic limit some results known in standard quantum mechanics are reached.

  18. Faceting oscillations in nano-ferroelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, J. F., E-mail: jfs32@cam.ac.uk, E-mail: ashok553@nplindia.org [Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Kumar, Ashok, E-mail: jfs32@cam.ac.uk, E-mail: ashok553@nplindia.org [CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Delhi (India)

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe periodic faceting of 8-nm diameter ferroelectric disks on a 10?s time-scale when thin Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} film is exposed to constant high-resolution transmission electron microscopy beams. The oscillation is between circular disk geometry and sharply faceted hexagons. The behavior is analogous to that of spin structure and magnetic domain wall velocity oscillations in permalloy [Bisig et al., Nat. Commun. 4, 2328 (2013)], involving overshoot and de-pinning from defects [Amann et al., J. Rheol. 57, 149–175 (2013)].

  19. Single-ion nonlinear mechanical oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akerman, N.; Kotler, S.; Glickman, Y.; Dallal, Y.; Keselman, A.; Ozeri, R. [Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the steady-state motion of a single trapped ion oscillator driven to the nonlinear regime. Damping is achieved via Doppler laser cooling. The ion motion is found to be well described by the Duffing oscillator model with an additional nonlinear damping term. We demonstrate here the unique ability of tuning both the linear as well as the nonlinear damping coefficients by controlling the laser-cooling parameters. Our observations pave the way for the investigation of nonlinear dynamics on the quantum-to-classical interface as well as mechanical noise squeezing in laser-cooling dynamics.

  20. Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton

    2006-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.

  1. Asteroseismology of solar-type stars with K2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaplin, W J; Handberg, R; Basu, S; Buchhave, L A; Campante, T L; Davies, G R; Huber, D; Latham, D W; Latham, C A; Serenelli, A; Antia, H M; Appourchaux, T; Ball, W H; Benomar, O; Casagrande, L; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J; Coelho, H R; Creevey, O L; Elsworth, Y; Garc, R A; Gaulme, P; Hekker, S; Kallinger, T; Karoff, C; Kawaler, S D; Kjeldsen, H; Lundkvist, M S; Marcadon, F; Mathur, S; Miglio, A; Mosser, B; R, C; Roxburgh, I W; Aguirre, V Silva; Stello, D; Verma, K; White, T R; Bedding, T R; Barclay, T; Buzasi, D L; Deheuvels, S; Gizon, L; Houdek, G; Howell, S B; Salabert, D; Soderblom, D R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first detections by the NASA K2 Mission of oscillations in solar-type stars, using short-cadence data collected during K2 Campaign\\,1 (C1). We understand the asteroseismic detection thresholds for C1-like levels of photometric performance, and we can detect oscillations in subgiants having dominant oscillation frequencies around $1000\\,\\rm \\mu Hz$. Changes to the operation of the fine-guidance sensors are expected to give significant improvements in the high-frequency performance from C3 onwards. A reduction in the excess high-frequency noise by a factor of two-and-a-half in amplitude would bring main-sequence stars with dominant oscillation frequencies as high as ${\\simeq 2500}\\,\\rm \\mu Hz$ into play as potential asteroseismic targets for K2.

  2. The oscillating two-cluster chimera state in non-locally coupled phase oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Zhu; Yuting Li; Mei Zhang; Junzhong Yang

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate an array of identical phase oscillators non-locally coupled without time delay, and find that chimera state with two coherent clusters exists which is only reported in delay-coupled systems previously. Moreover, we find that the chimera state is not stationary for any finite number of oscillators. The existence of the two-cluster chimera state and its time-dependent behaviors for finite number of oscillators are confirmed by the theoretical analysis based on the self-consistency treatment and the Ott-Antonsen ansatz.

  3. Technology '90

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories have a long history of excellence in performing research and development in a number of areas, including the basic sciences, applied-energy technology, and weapons-related technology. Although technology transfer has always been an element of DOE and laboratory activities, it has received increasing emphasis in recent years as US industrial competitiveness has eroded and efforts have increased to better utilize the research and development resources the laboratories provide. This document, Technology '90, is the latest in a series that is intended to communicate some of the many opportunities available for US industry and universities to work with the DOE and its laboratories in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. Technology '90 is divided into three sections: Overview, Technologies, and Laboratories. The Overview section describes the activities and accomplishments of the DOE research and development program offices. The Technologies section provides descriptions of new technologies developed at the DOE laboratories. The Laboratories section presents information on the missions, programs, and facilities of each laboratory, along with a name and telephone number of a technology transfer contact for additional information. Separate papers were prepared for appropriate sections of this report.

  4. Bursting in a Subcritical Hopf Oscillator with a Nonlinear Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam C Sethia; Abhijit Sen

    2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Bursting is a periodic transition between a quiescent state and a state of repetitive spiking. The phenomenon is ubiquitous in a variety of neurophysical systems. We numerically study the dynamical properties of a normal form of subcritical Hopf oscillator (at the bifurcation point) subjected to a nonlinear feedback. This dynamical system shows an infinite-period or a saddle-node on a limit cycle (SNLC) bifurcation for certain strengths of the nonlinear feedback. When the feedback is time delayed, the bifurcation scenario changes and the limit cycle terminates through a homoclinic or a saddle separatrix loop (SSL) bifurcation. This system when close to the bifurcation point exhibits various types of bursting phenomenon when subjected to a slow periodic external stimulus of an appropriate strength. The time delay in the feedback enhances the spiking rate i.e. reduces the interspike interval in a burst and also increases the width or the duration of a burst.

  5. Are the small neutrino oscillation parameters all related?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pramanick, Soumita

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations reveal several small parameters, namely, \\theta_{13}, the solar mass splitting vis-a-vis the atmospheric one, and the deviation of \\theta_{23} from maximal mixing. Can these small quantities all be traced to a single source and, if so, how could that be tested? Here a see-saw model for neutrino masses is presented wherein a dominant term generates the atmospheric mass splitting with maximal mixing in this sector, keeping \\theta_{13} = 0 and zero solar splitting. A Type-I see-saw perturbative contribution results in non-zero values of \\theta_{13}, \\Delta m^2_{solar}, \\theta_{12}, as well as allows \\theta_{23} to deviate from \\pi/4 in consistency with the data while interrelating them all. CP-violation is a natural consequence and is large for inverted mass ordering. The model will be tested as precision on the neutrino parameters is sharpened.

  6. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  7. Neutrino Oscillations and the Supernova 1987A Signal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jegerlehner; F. Neubig; G. Raffelt

    1996-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the impact of neutrino oscillations on the interpretation of the supernova (SN) 1987A neutrino signal by means of a maximum-likelihood analysis. We focus on oscillations between $\\overline\

  8. Geometric Solutions for the Neutrino Oscillation Length Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Pruet; George M. Fuller

    1999-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a geometric interpretation of the neutrino 'oscillation length resonance' recently discovered by Petcov. We use this picture to identify two new solutions for oscillation length resonances in a 3-layer earth model.

  9. Striatal origin of the pathologic beta oscillations in Parkinson's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyden, Edward Stuart

    Enhanced oscillations at beta frequencies (8–30 Hz) are a signature neural dynamic pathology in the basal ganglia and cortex of Parkinson's disease patients. The mechanisms underlying these pathological beta oscillations ...

  10. Start-Up of FEL Oscillator from Shot Noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, V.; Krishnagopal, S.; Fawley, W.M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of start-up of the CUTE-FEL oscillator from shot noiseof passes required for the FEL to saturate is equivalent toSTART-UP OF FEL OSCILLATOR FROM SHOT NOISE V. Kumar ? , S.

  11. Maximum entropy method and oscillations in the diffraction cone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Dumbrajs; J. Kontros; A. Lengyel

    2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The maximum entropy method has been applied to investigate the oscillating structure in the pbarp- and pp-elastic scattering differential cross-section at high energy and small momentum transfer. Oscillations satisfying quite realistic reliability criteria have been found.

  12. Award Types

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugust AugustInstruments on theAward Types Types of

  13. Improved Theory of Neutrino Oscillations in Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard S. Kisslinger

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This is revision of the S-Matrix theory of neutrino oscillations used for many years. We evaluate the transition probability of a $\\mu$ to $e$ neutrino without an approximation used for many theoretical studies, and find important differences which could improve the extraction of neutrino parameters from experimental data in the future.

  14. Neutrino Oscillations and the Solar Neutrino Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton

    2000-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe the current status of the solar neutrino problem, summarizing the arguments that its resolution will require new particle physics. The phenomenon of matter-enhanced neutrino oscillations is reviewed. I consider the implications of current experiments -- including the SuperKamiokande atmospheric and LSND measurements -- and the need for additional constraints from SNO and other new detectors.

  15. Neutrino Mixing and Oscillations in Astrophysical Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Balantekin

    2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review of the current status of neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments, with particular emphasis on the Sun and core-collapse supernovae, is given. Implications of the existence of sterile states which mix with the active neutrinos are discussed.

  16. SOME ASPECTS OF NEUTRINO MIXING AND OSCILLATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    SOME ASPECTS OF NEUTRINO MIXING AND OSCILLATIONS THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA into the fascinating world of neutrinos and for being an excellent teacher and a perfect guide. I convey my regards everything I know about neutrino phenomenology, I owe to him. I consider myself very fortunate to have him

  17. Improved Theory of Neutrino Oscillations in Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kisslinger, Leonard S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is revision of the S-Matrix theory of neutrino oscillations used for many years. We evaluate the transition probability of a $\\mu$ to $e$ neutrino without an approximation used for many theoretical studies, and find important differences which could improve the extraction of neutrino parameters from experimental data in the future.

  18. Vacuum Oscillations and Future Solar Neutrino Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naoya Hata

    1994-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Vacuum oscillations are considered for the combined solar neutrino observations, including the Kamiokande II spectrum data and incorporating theoretical uncertainties and their correlations. Despite the conceptual difficulty of the fine tuning between the neutrino parameters and the Sun-Earth distance, 2-flavor vacuum oscillations provide phenomenologically acceptable solutions. There are allowed regions at 99\\% C.L. for $\\Delta m^2 = (0.45 - 1.2) \\times 10^{-10} \\; \\mbox{eV}\\,^2$ and $\\sin^22\\theta = 0.6 - 1$; the best fit solution is $\\chi^2 / \\mbox{d.f.} = 19.2 / 16$, which is acceptable at 16\\% C.L. Oscillations for sterile neutrinos are, however, excluded by the averaged data at 99.4\\% C.L. The vacuum oscillation solutions predict characteristic energy spectrum distortions and seasonal variations in Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, Super-Kamiokande, and BOREXINO. Those predictions are given in detail, emphasizing that the vacuum solutions are distinguishable from the MSW solutions.

  19. Oscillations in Beta UMi - Observations with SMEI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. J. Tarrant; W. J. Chaplin; Y. Elsworth; S. A. Spreckley; I. R. Stevens

    2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Aims: From observations of the K4III star Beta UMi we attempt to determine whether oscillations or any other form of variability is present. Methods: A high-quality photometric time series of approximately 1000 days in length obtained from the SMEI instrument on the Coriolis satellite is analysed. Various statistical tests were performed to determine the significance of features seen in the power density spectrum of the light curve. Results: Two oscillations with frequencies 2.44 and 2.92 microhertz have been identified. We interpret these oscillations as consecutive overtones of an acoustic spectrum, implying a large frequency spacing of 0.48 microhertz. Using derived asteroseismic parameters in combination with known astrophysical parameters, we estimate the mass of Beta UMi to be 1.3 +/- 0.3 solar masses. Peaks of the oscillations in the power density spectrum show width, implying that modes are stochastically excited and damped by convection. The mode lifetime is estimated at 18 +/- 9 days.

  20. ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Chuck

    2014-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of the ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Investigation Experiment (AMIE) field campaign are contributing significantly to concurrent national and international research efforts addressing questions about how the MJO initiates and changes as it passes phenomenon differs in observations versus models.

  1. Oscillation control system for electric motor drive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slicker, J.M.; Sereshteh, A.

    1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify the torque commands applied to the motor. 5 figs.

  2. ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Long, Chuck

    2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of the ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Investigation Experiment (AMIE) field campaign are contributing significantly to concurrent national and international research efforts addressing questions about how the MJO initiates and changes as it passes phenomenon differs in observations versus models.

  3. PHASE NOISE IN MICROWAVE OSCILLATORS AND AMPLIFIERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Zoya

    presents analysis and measurements of phase noise in oscilla- tors and amplifiers. Low phase noise- multaneous small size, low phase noise, DC power consumption and thermal drift is presented. Design stepsPHASE NOISE IN MICROWAVE OSCILLATORS AND AMPLIFIERS by MILOS JANKOVI´C B.E., University of Arkansas

  4. Oscillator Architectures and Enhanced Frequency Synthesizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sang Wook

    2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    a narrow band condition such that A? << 1 rad, cos(A? sin(?mt)) ? 1 and sin(A? sin(?mt)) ? A? sin(?mt) that yields the output of the oscillator, (2-20) [2], ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( )[ ]ttAVtV tAtVtVtV mm o o mooosc...

  5. Neutrino oscillations and neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Falcone; F. Tramontano

    2001-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The relation between neutrino oscillation parameters and neutrinoless double beta decay is studied, assuming normal and inverse hierarchies for Majorana neutrino masses. For normal hierarchy the crucial dependence on U_{e3} is explored. The link with tritium beta decay is also briefly discussed.

  6. High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kirkpatrick, Douglas A.; Gitsevich, Aleksandr

    2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    An oscillator includes an amplifier having an input and an output, a feedback network connected between the input of the amplifier and the output of the amplifier, the feedback network being configured to provide suitable positive feedback from the output of the amplifier to the input of the amplifier to initiate and sustain an oscillating condition, and a tuning circuit connected to the input of the amplifier, wherein the tuning circuit is continuously variable and consists of solid state electrical components with no mechanically adjustable devices including a pair of diodes connected to each other at their respective cathodes with a control voltage connected at the junction of the diodes. Another oscillator includes an amplifier having an input and an output, a feedback network connected between the input of the amplifier and the output of the amplifier, the feedback network being configured to provide suitable positive feedback from the output of the amplifier to the input of the amplifier to initiate and sustain an oscillating condition, and transmission lines connected to the input of the amplifier with an input pad and a perpendicular transmission line extending from the input pad and forming a leg of a resonant "T", and wherein the feedback network is coupled to the leg of the resonant "T".

  7. Oscillation control system for electric motor drive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

  8. Accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Deborah A.; /Fermilab

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations were first discovered by experiments looking at neutrinos coming from extra-terrestrial sources, namely the sun and the atmosphere, but we will be depending on earth-based sources to take many of the next steps in this field. This article describes what has been learned so far from accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments, and then describe very generally what the next accelerator-based steps are. In section 2 the article discusses how one uses an accelerator to make a neutrino beam, in particular, one made from decays in flight of charged pions. There are several different neutrino detection methods currently in use, or under development. In section 3 these are presented, with a description of the general concept, an example of such a detector, and then a brief discussion of the outstanding issues associated with this detection technique. Finally, section 4 describes how the measurements of oscillation probabilities are made. This includes a description of the near detector technique and how it can be used to make the most precise measurements of neutrino oscillations.

  9. Observation of Bloch oscillations in molecular rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannes Floß; Andrei Kamalov; Ilya Sh. Averbukh; Philip H. Bucksbaum

    2015-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The periodically kicked quantum rotor is known for non-classical effects such as quantum localisation in angular momentum space or quantum resonances in rotational excitation. These phenomena have been studied in diverse systems mimicking the kicked rotor, such as cold atoms in optical lattices, or coupled photonic structures. Recently, it was predicted that several solid state quantum localisation phenomena - Anderson localisation, Bloch oscillations, and Tamm-Shockley surface states - may manifest themselves in the rotational dynamics of laser-kicked molecules. Here, we report the first observation of rotational Bloch oscillations in a gas of nitrogen molecules kicked by a periodic train of femtosecond laser pulses. A controllable detuning from the quantum resonance creates an effective accelerating potential in angular momentum space, inducing Bloch-like oscillations of the rotational excitation. These oscillations are measured via the temporal modulation of the refractive index of the gas. Our results introduce room-temperature laser-kicked molecules as a new laboratory for studies of localisation phenomena in quantum transport.

  10. Neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balantekin, A. B. [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706 (United States)

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief review of the current status of neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments, with particular emphasis on the Sun and core-collapse supernovae, is given. Implications of the existence of sterile states which mix with the active neutrinos are discussed.

  11. Analysis of sawtooth relaxation oscillations in tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamazaki, K.; McGuire, K.; Okabayashi, M.

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sawtooth relaxation oscillations are analyzed using the Kadomtsev's disruption model and a thermal relaxation model. The sawtooth period is found to be very sensitive to the thermal conduction loss. Qualitative agreement between these calculations and the sawtooth period observed in several tokamaks is demonstrated.

  12. Phenomenology of n - n ¯ oscillations revisited

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gardner, S.; Jafari, E.

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the phenomenology of n-n¯ oscillations in the presence of external magnetic fields, highlighting the role of spin. We show, contrary to long-held belief, that the n-n¯ transition rate need not be suppressed, opening new opportunities for its empirical study.

  13. THE ASTEROSEISMIC POTENTIAL OF KEPLER: FIRST RESULTS FOR SOLAR-TYPE STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaplin, W. J.; Elsworth, Y.; Karoff, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Appourchaux, T. [Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Universite Paris XI-CNRS (UMR8617), Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); GarcIa, R. A. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot-IRFU/SAp, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Houdek, G. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Vienna, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Metcalfe, T. S. [High Altitude Observatory and Scientific Computing Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Molenda-Zakowicz, J. [Astronomical Institute, University of Wroclaw, ul. Kopernika, 11, 51-622 Wroclaw (Poland); Monteiro, M. J. P. F. G.; Bazot, M. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 (Portugal); Thompson, M. J. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Brown, T. M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Kjeldsen, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Gilliland, R. L. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Borucki, W. J.; Koch, D. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS 244-30, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Jenkins, J. M. [SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, MS 244-30, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Ballot, J. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, Universite de Toulouse, CNRS, 14 av E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse (France); Basu, S. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States)] (and others)

    2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present preliminary asteroseismic results from Kepler on three G-type stars. The observations, made at one-minute cadence during the first 33.5 days of science operations, reveal high signal-to-noise solar-like oscillation spectra in all three stars: about 20 modes of oscillation may be clearly distinguished in each star. We discuss the appearance of the oscillation spectra, use the frequencies and frequency separations to provide first results on the radii, masses, and ages of the stars, and comment in the light of these results on prospects for inference on other solar-type stars that Kepler will observe.

  14. On the detection of neutrino oscillations with Planck surveyor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Popa; C. Burigana; F. Finelli; N. Mandolesi

    2000-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The imprint of neutrino oscillations on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy and polarization power spectra is evaluated in a $\\Lambda$CHDM model with two active neutrino flavors, consistent with the structure formation models and the atmospheric neutrino oscillations data. We show the existence of a significant overlap between the region of the oscillation parameter space that can be measured by sc Planck surveyor and that implied by the atmospheric neutrino oscillations data.

  15. Injection locked oscillator system for pulsed metal vapor lasers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Warner, Bruce E. (Livermore, CA); Ault, Earl R. (Dublin, CA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An injection locked oscillator system for pulsed metal vapor lasers is disclosed. The invention includes the combination of a seeding oscillator with an injection locked oscillator (ILO) for improving the quality, particularly the intensity, of an output laser beam pulse. The present invention includes means for matching the first seeder laser pulses from the seeding oscillator to second laser pulses of a metal vapor laser to improve the quality, and particularly the intensity, of the output laser beam pulse.

  16. A Network of Relaxation Oscillators that Finds Downbeats in Rhythms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eck, Doug

    & Kolen [8] and McAuley [12] provide oscillator models that work online to find downbeats in temporal

  17. Phase patterns of coupled oscillators with application to wireless communication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arenas, A.

    2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we study the plausibility of a phase oscillators dynamical model for TDMA in wireless communication networks. We show that emerging patterns of phase locking states between oscillators can eventually oscillate in a round-robin schedule, in a similar way to models of pulse coupled oscillators designed to this end. The results open the door for new communication protocols in a continuous interacting networks of wireless communication devices.

  18. Type B Accident Investigation Board Report on the March 26, 1999, Worker Injury at the East Tennessee Technology Park Three-Building Decontamination and Decommissioning and Recycle Project Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report is an independent product of the Type B Investigation Board appointed by Steven D. Richardson, Acting Manager, Oak Ridge Operations Office, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Board was appointed to perform a Type B investigation of these incidents and to prepare an investigation report in accordance with DOE Order 225.1A, Accident Investigations.

  19. Precision Measurement of Neutrino Oscillation Parameters and Investigation of Nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desbrun, Mathieu

    Precision Measurement of Neutrino Oscillation Parameters and Investigation of Nuclear Georeactor thanks. #12;v Abstract A combined analysis of examining the neutrino oscillation parameters and investiga of the neutrino oscillation parame- ters, including the georeactor power as a free parameter, are tan2 12 = 0

  20. 13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Updated May 2012 by K. Nakamura have provided compelling evidences for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses of neutrino oscillations, the phenomenology of neutrino mixing, the problem of the nature - Dirac or Majorana

  1. 13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Updated October 2011 by K compelling evidences for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses and neutrino mixing. The data imply the existence of 3-neutrino mixing in vacuum. We review the theory of neutrino oscillations

  2. 13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13. Neutrino mixing 1 13. NEUTRINO MASS, MIXING, AND OSCILLATIONS Written May 2010 by K. Nakamura for oscillations of neutrinos caused by nonzero neutrino masses and neutrino mixing. The data imply the existence of 3-neutrino mixing in vacuum. We review the theory of neutrino oscillations, the phenomenology

  3. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1. The harmonic oscillator solution: displacement as a function of time We wish to solve the equation of motion for the simple harmonic oscillator shall employ for solving this di#erential equation is called the method of inspired guessing. In class

  4. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1. The harmonic oscillator solution: displacement as a function of time We wish to solve the equation of motion for the simple harmonic oscillator employ for solving this differential equation is called the method of inspired guessing. In class, we

  5. A LOW-VOLTAGE TEMPERATURE-STABLE MICROMECHANICAL PIEZOELECTRIC OSCILLATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayazi, Farrokh

    A LOW-VOLTAGE TEMPERATURE-STABLE MICROMECHANICAL PIEZOELECTRIC OSCILLATOR Reza Abdolvand, Hossein polarization voltages (5-20V) for operation, which complicates the design of the oscillator circuit in today reference oscillator that utilizes a temperature-stable thin- film piezoelectric-on-silicon resonator

  6. Metabolic and Electrical Oscillations: Partners in Controlling Rhythmic Islet Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertram, Richard

    Bursting Oscillations Simultaneous fast Ca2+ and voltage measurements from a mouse islet in 11.1 mM glucose+ and voltage from an islet... ...have period similar to slow insulin oscillations measured from a mouse in vivoMetabolic and Electrical Oscillations: Partners in Controlling Rhythmic Islet Activity Richard

  7. Interactions Between Membrane Conductances Underlying Thalamocortical Slow-Wave Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Destexhe, Alain

    or oscillations can be explained by interactions between calcium- and voltage-dependent channels. At the networkInteractions Between Membrane Conductances Underlying Thalamocortical Slow-Wave Oscillations A: Oscillations and Bursts Emerging From the Interplay of Intrinsic Conductances in Single Neurons 1404 A

  8. DCS1800/WCDMA ADAPTIVE VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serdijn, Wouter A.

    DCS1800/WCDMA ADAPTIVE VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR Aleksandar Tasiü, Wouter A. Serdijn and John R, an adaptive 2G/3G voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is described in this paper. For the DCS1800 operation with this reasoning, an adaptive 2G/3G voltage- controlled oscillator, meant for a dual-standard adaptive front

  9. PH-315 A. La Rosa VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PH-315 A. La Rosa VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR 1. PURPOSE: An integrator and a Schmitt Trigger voltage; hence its name "voltage-controlled oscillator." 2. VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR Figure 1 shows voltage. An unusual feature of the circuit is its operation using a single positive supply.1 #12;- + 50k V

  10. Theory of laser oscillation in resonators with photorefractive gain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yariv, A.; Kwong, S.

    1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A theory for oscillation in an optical resonator with photorefractive gain was formulated. The threshold conditions for the oscillation were also obtained. The result, applicable to a whole class of new devices, is a prediction for an oscillation frequency different from that of the pump beam.

  11. Simscape Design Flow for Memristor Based Programmable Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    oscillator is characterized within the Simscape framework. The oscillation frequency and power consumption of memristor-based oscillators. (2) A Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based optimization algorithm in terms of power consumption and frequency. (4) The first ever Simscape based models for titanium oxide

  12. The Quasi-Coherent Oscillations of SS Cygni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher W. Mauche

    1996-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Properties of the quasi-coherent oscillations in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) flux of the dwarf nova SS Cygni are described, with emphasis on (1) the scaling between the period of the oscillation and the EUV flux and (2) the mean power spectra and waveforms. In addition, a quasi-coherent oscillation at \

  13. Torsion Spring Oscillator with Dry Friction Eugene Butikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butikov, Eugene

    at investigation of free oscillations of a torsion spring pendulum damped by dry (Coulomb) friction. An idealizedTorsion Spring Oscillator with Dry Friction Manual Eugene Butikov Annotation. The manual includes as a prerequisite for the virtual lab "Torsion Spring Oscillator with Dry Friction." The manual includes also a set

  14. Chimeras in globally coupled oscillatory systems: From ensembles of oscillators to spatially continuous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennart Schmidt; Katharina Krischer

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We study an oscillatory medium with a nonlinear global coupling that gives rise to a harmonic mean-field oscillation with constant amplitude and frequency. Two types of cluster states are found, each undergoing a symmetry-breaking transition towards a related chimera state. We demonstrate that the diffusional coupling is non-essential for these complex dynamics. Furthermore, we investigate localized turbulence and discuss the question of a precise definition for chimera states.

  15. Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies Presentation at BARC 4th December 2007 #12/kWh) 0.14 0.03 0.6 #12;Energy Systems Engineering 9 Status of Advanced Coal Technologies Types of advanced coal technologies Supercritical Pulverised Combustion Circulating Fluidised Bed Combustion (CFBC

  16. Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy Annette R. Grilli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy.g., latching) of the SSLG, in order to further improve power generation. KEYWORDS : Wave energy systems networks), based on captur- ing renewable wave energy. To do so, we design and optimize a new type

  17. Technology reviews: Daylighting optical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends.Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  18. Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

  19. Slow oscillations of KATP conductance in mouse pancreatic islets provide support for electrical bursting driven by metabolic oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertram, Richard

    of the ramp current-voltage curves, oscillated and was larger during the silent phase than during the activeSlow oscillations of KATP conductance in mouse pancreatic islets provide support for electrical bursting driven by metabolic oscillations Jianhua Ren,1 Arthur Sherman,2 Richard Bertram,3 Paulette B

  20. Chiral oscillations in terms of the zitterbewegung effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex E. Bernardini

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We seek the {\\em immediate} description of chiral oscillations in terms of the trembling motion described by the velocity (Dirac) operator {\\boldmath$\\alpha$}. By taking into account the complete set of Dirac equation solutions which results in a free propagating Dirac wave packet composed by positive and negative frequency components, we report about the well-established {\\em zitterbewegung} results and indicate how chiral oscillations can be expressed in terms of the well know quantum oscillating variables. We conclude with the interpretation of chiral oscillations as position very rapid oscillation projections onto the longitudinally decomposed direction of the motion.

  1. FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and fuel cells offer great promise for our energy future. Fuel cell vehicles are not yet commercially, such as a hydrogen fueling station or hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. Technology validation does not certify, and the Federal Government to evaluate hydrogen fuel cell vehicle and infrastructure technologies together in real

  2. Spontaneous breaking of spatial symmetries in collective neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huaiyu Duan; Shashank Shalgar

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A dense neutrino medium can experience collective oscillations or self-induced flavor transformation through nonlinear neutrino-neutrino refraction. To make the problem of collective neutrino oscillations more tractable, all previous studies on this subject have assumed some spatial symmetry or symmetries in the neutrino medium (e.g., translation symmetries in the early universe and spherical symmetry in core-collapse supernovae). We point out that the collective oscillation modes studied in such models are very special. Using a simple toy model we show that spatial symmetries can be broken spontaneously in collective neutrino oscillations. We also show that the spatial-symmetry-breaking (SSB) modes of neutrino oscillations can exist for both neutrino mass hierarchies and even in the regimes where collective neutrino oscillations were previously thought to be suppressed. This finding calls for study of collective neutrino oscillations in multi-dimensional models.

  3. Spontaneous breaking of spatial symmetries in collective neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Huaiyu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dense neutrino medium can experience collective oscillations or self-induced flavor transformation through nonlinear neutrino-neutrino refraction. To make the problem of collective neutrino oscillations more tractable, all previous studies on this subject have assumed some spatial symmetry or symmetries in the neutrino medium (e.g., translation symmetries in the early universe and spherical symmetry in core-collapse supernovae). We point out that the collective oscillation modes studied in such models are very special. Using a simple toy model we show that spatial symmetries can be broken spontaneously in collective neutrino oscillations. We also show that the spatial-symmetry-breaking (SSB) modes of neutrino oscillations can exist for both neutrino mass hierarchies and even in the regimes where collective neutrino oscillations were previously thought to be suppressed. This finding calls for study of collective neutrino oscillations in multi-dimensional models.

  4. Aspects of Neutrino Oscillation in Alternative Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakraborty, Sumanta

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino spin and flavour oscillation in curved spacetime have been studied for the most general static spherically symmetric configuration. Using the symmetry properties we have derived spin oscillation frequency for neutrino moving along a geodesic or in a circular orbit. Starting from the expression of neutrino spin oscillation frequency we have shown that even in this general context, in high energy limit the spin oscillation frequency for neutrino moving along circular orbit vanishes. This finally lends itself to non-zero probability of neutrino helicity flip. While for neutrino flavour oscillation we have derived general results for oscillation phase, which subsequently have been applied to different gravity theories. These include dilaton field coupled to Maxwell field tensor, generalization of Schwarzschild solution by introduction of quadratic curvature terms of all possible form to the Einstein-Hilbert action and finally regular black hole solutions. In all these cases using the solar neutrino oscil...

  5. Oscillating side-branch enhancements of thermoacoustic heat exchangers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swift, Gregory W.

    2003-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A regenerator-based engine or refrigerator has a regenerator with two ends at two different temperatures, through which a gas oscillates at a first oscillating volumetric flow rate in the direction between the two ends and in which the pressure of the gas oscillates, and first and second heat exchangers, each of which is at one of the two different temperatures. A dead-end side branch into which the gas oscillates has compliance and is connected adjacent to one of the ends of the regenerator to form a second oscillating gas flow rate additive with the first oscillating volumetric flow rate, the compliance having a volume effective to provide a selected total oscillating gas volumetric flow rate through the first heat exchanger. This configuration enables the first heat exchanger to be configured and located to better enhance the performance of the heat exchanger rather than being confined to the location and configuration of the regenerator.

  6. Neutrino Oscillation Measurements with IceCube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carsten Rott; for the IceCube Collaboration

    2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present preliminary results for a neutrino oscillation analysis in progress on data collected with the IceCube 22-string detector during 2007 and 2008. The goal of this analysis is to measure muon neutrino disappearance as a function of energy for a constant baseline length of the diameter of the Earth by studying vertically up-going muon neutrinos. At this baseline disappearance effects are expected to become sizable at neutrino energies below 100 GeV. This energy range has not been previously explored with IceCube, however due to IceCube's vertical geometry there is some sensitivity for this specific class of events. Based on preliminary selection criteria, we show that IceCube has the potential to detect these events and we estimate the sensitivity to determining oscillation parameters.

  7. "Just So" Neutrino Oscillations Are Back

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon L. Glashow; Peter J. Kernan; Lawrence M. Krauss

    1998-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent evidence for oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande suggest, in the simplest see-saw interpretation, neutrino masses such that `just so' vacuum oscillations can explain the solar neutrino deficit. Super-K solar neutrino data provide preliminary support for this interpretation. We describe how the just-so signal---an energy dependent seasonal variation of the event rate, might be detected within the coming years and provide general arguments constraining the sign of the variation. The expected variation at radiochemical detectors may be below present sensitivity, but a significant modulation in the $^7$Be signal could shed light on the physics of the solar core---including a direct measure of the solar core temperature.

  8. Neutrino oscillations and gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Kluzniak

    1998-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    If the ordinary neutrinos oscillate into a sterile flavor in a manner consistent with the Super-Kamiokande data on the zenith-angle dependence of atmospheric mu-neutrino flux, an energy sufficient to power a typical cosmic gamma-ray burst (GRB) (about 10^{52} erg) can be carried by sterile neutrinos away from the source and deposited in a region relatively free of baryons. Hence, ultra-relativistic bulk motion (required by the theory of and observations of GRBs and their afterglows) can easily be achieved in the vicinity of plausible sources of GRBs. Oscillations between sterile and ordinary neutrinos would thus provide a solution to the ``baryon-loading problem'' in the theory of GRBs.

  9. Relic neutrino decoupling including flavour oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianpiero Mangano; Gennaro Miele; Sergio Pastor; Teguayco Pinto; Ofelia Pisanti; Pasquale D. Serpico

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early universe, neutrinos are slightly coupled when electron-positron pairs annihilate transferring their entropy to photons. This process originates non-thermal distortions on the neutrino spectra which depend on neutrino flavour, larger for nu_e than for nu_mu or nu_tau. We study the effect of three-neutrino flavour oscillations on the process of neutrino decoupling by solving the momentum-dependent kinetic equations for the neutrino spectra. We find that oscillations do not essentially modify the total change in the neutrino energy density, giving N_eff=3.046 in terms of the effective number of neutrinos, while the small effect over the production of primordial 4He is increased by O(20%), up to 2.1 x 10^{-4}. These results are stable within the presently favoured region of neutrino mixing parameters.

  10. Supernova neutrino oscillations: A simple analytical approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo

    2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyses of observable supernova neutrino oscillation effects require the calculation of the electron (anti)neutrino survival probability P_ee along a given supernova matter density profile. We propose a simple analytical prescription for P_ee, based on a double-exponential form for the crossing probability and on the concept of maximum violation of adiabaticity. In the case of two-flavor transitions, the prescription is shown to reproduce accurately, in the whole neutrino oscillation parameter space, the results of exact numerical calculations for generic (realistic or power-law) profiles. The analytical approach is then generalized to cover three-flavor transitions with (direct or inverse) mass spectrum hierarchy, and to incorporate Earth matter effects. Compact analytical expressions, explicitly showing the symmetry properties of P_ee, are provided for practical calculations.

  11. Neutrino Oscillation Experiments at Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giorgio Gratta

    1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I give an overview of the status of neutrino oscillation experiments performed using nuclear reactors as sources of neutrinos. I review the present generation of experiments (Chooz and Palo Verde) with baselines of about 1 km as well as the next generation that will search for oscillations with a baseline of about 100 km. While the present detectors provide essential input towards the understanding of the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, in the future, the KamLAND reactor experiment represents our best opportunity to study very small mass neutrino mixing in laboratory conditions. In addition KamLAND with its very large fiducial mass and low energy threshold, will also be sensitive to a broad range of different physics.

  12. Global fits to neutrino oscillation data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schwetz

    2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    I summarize the determination of neutrino oscillation parameters within the three-flavor framework from world neutrino oscillation data with date of May 2006, including the first results from the MINOS long-baseline experiment. It is illustrated how the determination of the leading "solar" and "atmospheric" parameters, as well as the bound on $\\theta_{13}$ emerge from an interplay of various complementary data sets. Furthermore, I discuss possible implications of sub-leading three-flavor effects in present atmospheric neutrino data induced by $\\Delta m^2_{21}$ and $\\theta_{13}$ for the bound on $\\theta_{13}$ and non-maximal values of $\\theta_{23}$, emphasizing, however, that these effects are not statistically significant at present. Finally, in view of the upcoming MiniBooNE results I briefly comment on the problem to reconcile the LSND signal.

  13. Review of Reactor Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Mariani

    2012-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this document we will review the current status of reactor neutrino oscillation experiments and present their physics potentials for measuring the $\\theta_{13}$ neutrino mixing angle. The neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ is currently a high-priority topic in the field of neutrino physics. There are currently three different reactor neutrino experiments, \\textsc{Double Chooz}, \\textsc{Daya Bay} and \\textsc{Reno} and a few accelerator neutrino experiments searching for neutrino oscillations induced by this angle. A description of the reactor experiments searching for a non-zero value of $\\theta_{13}$ is given, along with a discussion of the sensitivities that these experiments can reach in the near future.

  14. Comment on "Pulsar Velocities and Neutrino Oscillations"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. -Z. Qian

    1997-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent Letter, Kusenko and Segre proposed a new mechanism to explain the observed proper motions of pulsars. Their mechanism was based on the asymmetric neutrino emission induced by neutrino oscillations in the protoneutron star magnetic field. In this note I point out that their estimate of the asymmetry in the neutrino emission is incorrect. A proper calculation shows that their mechanism at least requires a magnetic field of 10**16 G in order to produce the observed average pulsar velocity.

  15. Lepton Mass Hierarchy and Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Fritzsch; Z. Z Xing

    1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting from the symmetry of lepton flavor democracy, we propose and discuss a simple pattern for the mass generation and flavor mixing of the charged leptons and neutrinos. The three neutrino masses are nearly degenerate, and the flavor mixing angles can be calculated. The observed deficit of solar and atmospheric neutrinos can be interpreted as a consequence of the near degeneracy and large oscillations of $\

  16. On Pulsar Velocities from Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Birkel; Ramon Toldra

    1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been recently suggested that magnetically affected neutrino oscillations inside a cooling protoneutron star, created in a supernova explosion, could explain the large proper motion of pulsars. We investigate whether this hypothesis is in agreement with the observed properties of pulsars and find that present data disfavor the suggested mechanism. The relevance of our results for other models proposed to understand the origin of pulsar velocities is also discussed.

  17. Mass transfer at vertically oscillating surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomaa, H.G. [Ontario Hydro Nuclear, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada); Landau, J. [Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Tawell, A.M.A. [Technical Univ. of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS (Canada)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of mass transfer at vertically oscillating surfaces is presented. It takes into account the interaction between forced and natural convection and can be used under conditions where the fluid velocity outside the boundary layer changes direction. Because of the good agreement with experimental data, the model can explain the multi-fold increase in mass transfer coefficient obtained under oscillatory conditions. 8 refs., 3 figs.

  18. Generalized Intelligent States for Nonlinear Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. H. El Kinani; M. Daoud

    2003-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction of Generalized Intelligent States (GIS) for the $x^4$% -anharmonic oscillator is presented. These GIS families are required to minimize the Robertson-Schr\\"odinger uncertainty relation. As a particular case, we will get the so-called Gazeau-Klauder coherent states. The properties of the latters are discussed in detail. Analytical representation is also considered and its advantage is shown in obtaining the GIS in an analytical way. Further extensions are finally proposed.

  19. ${\\cal D}$-deformed harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bagarello; F. Gargano; D. Volpe

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze systematically several deformations arising from two-dimensional harmonic oscillators which can be described in terms of $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. They all give rise to exactly solvable models, described by non self-adjoint hamiltonians whose eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be found adopting the quite general framework of the so-called $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. In particular, we show that several models previously introduced in the literature perfectly fit into this scheme.

  20. Superconductivity, superfluidity and zero-point oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Vasiliev

    2013-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently it is thought that in order to explain the phenomenon of superconductivity is necessary to understand the mechanism of formation of electron pairs. However, the paired electrons cannot form a superconducting condensate. They perform disorderly zero-point oscillations and there are no attractive forces in their ensemble. To create a unified ensemble of particles, the pairs must order their zero-point fluctuations so that an attraction between the particles appears. For this reason, the ordering of zero-point oscillations in the electron gas is the cause of superconductivity and the parameters characterizing this order determine the properties of superconductors. The model of condensation of zero-point oscillations creates the possibility to obtain estimates for the critical parameters of elementary superconductors, which are also in the satisfactory agreement with measured data. On the another hand, the phenomenon of superfluidity in He-4 and He-3 can be similarly explained due to the ordering of zero-point fluctuations. Thus it is established that the both related phenomena are based on the same physical mechanism.

  1. Oscillating plasma bubbles. II. Pulsed experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenzel, R. L.; Urrutia, J. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1547 (United States)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Time-dependent phenomena have been investigated in plasma bubbles which are created by inserting spherical grids into an ambient plasma and letting electrons and ions form a plasma of different parameters than the ambient one. There are no plasma sources inside the bubble. The grid bias controls the particle flux. There are sheaths on both sides of the grid, each of which passes particle flows in both directions. The inner sheath or plasma potential develops self consistently to establish charge neutrality and divergence free charge and mass flows. When the electron supply is restricted, the inner sheath exhibits oscillations near the ion plasma frequency. When all electrons are excluded, a virtual anode forms on the inside sheath, reflects all ions such that the bubble is empty. By pulsing the ambient plasma, the lifetime of the bubble plasma has been measured. In an afterglow, plasma electrons are trapped inside the bubble and the bubble decays as slow as the ambient plasma. Pulsing the grid voltage yields the time scale for filling and emptying the bubble. Probes have been shown to modify the plasma potential. Using pulsed probes, transient ringing on the time scale of ion transit times through the bubble has been observed. The start of sheath oscillations has been investigated. The instability mechanism has been qualitatively explained. The dependence of the oscillation frequency on electrons in the sheath has been clarified.

  2. Torsional oscillations of nonbare strange stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Mannarelli; Giulia Pagliaroli; Alessandro Parisi; Luigi Pilo; Francesco Tonelli

    2015-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Strange stars are one of the possible compact stellar objects that can be formed after a supernova collapse. We consider a model of strange star having an inner core in the color-flavor locked phase surmounted by a crystalline color superconducting layer. These two phases constitute the {\\it quarksphere}, which we assume to be the largest and heaviest part of the strange star. The next layer consists of standard nuclear matter forming a ionic crust, hovering on the top of the quarksphere and prevented from falling by a strong dipolar electric field. The dipolar electric field arises because quark matter is confined in the quarksphere by the strong interaction, but electrons can leak outside forming a few hundreds Fermi thick electron layer separating the ionic crust from the underlying quark matter. The ionic matter and the crystalline color superconducting matter constitute two electromagnetically coupled crust layers. We study the torsional oscillations of these two layers. Remarkably, we find that if a fraction larger than $10^{-4}$ of the energy of a Vela-like glitch is conveyed to a torsional oscillation, the ionic crust will likely break. The reason is that the very rigid and heavy crystalline color superconducting crust layer will absorb only a small fraction of the glitch energy, leading to a large amplitude torsional oscillation of the ionic crust.

  3. High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Dymond, Jr., Lauren E. (North Potomac, MD); Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD); Grimm, William G. (Silver Spring, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Ola, Samuel A. (Silver Spring, MD); Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD); Trimble, William C. (Columbia, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and I or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to adjust the driving frequency of the oscillator.

  4. High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Dolan, James T. (Frederick, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Leng, Yongzhang (Damascus, MD)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and/or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

  5. Sensitivity of DANSS detector to short range neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhail Danilov

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    DANSS is a highly segmented $1m^3$ plastic scintillator detector. Its 2500 scintillator strips have a Gd loaded reflective cover. Light is collected with 3 wave length shifting fibers per strip and read out with 50 PMTs and 2500 SiPMs. The DANSS will be installed under the industrial 3GW$_{th}$ reactor of the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant at distances varying from 9.7m to 12.2m from the reactor core. PMTs and SiPMs collect about 30 photo electrons per MeV distributed approximately equally between two types of the readout. Light collection non-uniformity across and along the strip is about $\\pm13\\%$ from maximum to minimum. The resulting energy resolution is modest, $\\sigma/E=15\\%$ at 5MeV. This leads to a smearing of the oscillation pattern comparable with the smearing due to the large size of the reactor core. Nevertheless because of the large counting rate ($\\sim 10000$ / day), small background ($<1\\%$) and good control of systematic uncertainties due to frequent changes of positions, the DANSS is quite sensitive to reactor antineutrino oscillations to hypothetical sterile neutrinos with a mass in eV ballpark suggested recently to explain a so-called "reactor anomaly". DANSS will have an elaborated calibration system. The high granularity of the detector allows calibration of every strip with about 40 thousand cosmic muons every day. The expected systematic effects do not reduce much the sensitivity region. Tests of the detector prototype DANSSino demonstrated that in spite of a small size ($4\\%$ of DANSS), it is quite sensitive to reactor antineutrinos, detecting about 70 Inverse Beta Decay events per day with the signal-to-background ratio of about unity. The prototype tests have demonstrated feasibility to reach the design performance of the DANSS detector.

  6. Type B Accident Investigation Board Report, May 8, 2004, Exothermic...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Report, May 8, 2004, Exothermic Metal Reactor Event During Sodium Transfer Activities, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Type B Accident Investigation Board...

  7. Type B Accident Investigation Board Report of the Bechtel Jacobs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at the K-25 Building, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Type B Accident Investigation Board Report of the Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC Employee Fall Injury on...

  8. Zero field high frequency oscillations in dual free layer spin torque oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braganca, P. M., E-mail: patrick.braganca@hgst.com; Pi, K.; Zakai, R.; Childress, J. R.; Gurney, B. A. [HGST, 3404 Yerba Buena Rd., San Jose, California 95135 (United States)] [HGST, 3404 Yerba Buena Rd., San Jose, California 95135 (United States)

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe microwave oscillations in relatively simple spin valve spin torque oscillators consisting of two in-plane free layers without spin polarizing layers. These devices exhibit two distinct modes which can reach frequencies >25?GHz in the absence of an applied magnetic field. Macrospin simulations identify these two modes as optical and acoustic modes excited by the coupling of the two layers through dipole field and spin torque effects. These results demonstrate the potential of this system as a large output power, ultrahigh frequency signal generator that can operate without magnetic field.

  9. Technology Application Centers: Facilitating Technology Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhel, G. J.

    's approach to technology deployment seeks to blend an industrial customer's priorities with the utility's marketing and customer service objectives. A&C Enercom sees technology deployment as the sum of an equation: technology deployment equals technology...

  10. Dynamical formation & scattering of hierarchical triples: Cross sections, Kozai-Lidov oscillations, and collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antognini, Joseph M O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamical scattering of binaries and triple systems of stars, planets, and compact objects may produce highly inclined triple systems subject to Kozai-Lidov (KL) oscillations, potentially leading to collisions, mergers, Type Ia supernovae, and other phenomena. We present the results of more than 400 million gravitational scattering experiments of binary-binary, triple-single, and triple-binary scattering. We compute the cross sections for all possible outcomes and explore their dependencies on incoming velocity, mass, semi-major axis, and eccentricity, including analytic fits and discussion of the velocity dependence. For the production of new triple systems by scattering we find that compact triples are preferred, with ratios of outer to inner semi-major axes of ~few--100, flat or quasi-thermal eccentricity distributions, and flat distributions in cosine of the mutual inclination. Dynamically formed triples are thus subject to strong KL oscillations, the "eccentric Kozai mechanism," and non-secular effects. ...

  11. Spicules Intensity Oscillations in SOT/HINODE Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavabi, E; Maralani, A R Ahangarzadeh; Zeighami, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aims. We study the coherency of solar spicules intensity oscillations with increasing height above the solar limb in quiet Sun, active Sun and active region using observations from HINODE/SOT. Existence of coherency up to transition region strengthens the theory of the coronal heating and solar wind through energy transport and photospheric oscillations. Methods. Using time sequences from the HINODE/SOT in Ca II H line, we investigate oscillations found in intensity profiles at different heights above the solar limb. We use the Fourier and wavelet analysis to measure dominant frequency peaks of intensity at the heights, and phase difference between oscillations at two certain heights, to find evidence for the coherency of the oscillations. Finally, we can calculate the energy and the mass transported by spicules providing energy equilibrium, according to density values of spicules at different heights. To extend this work, we can also consider coherent oscillations at different latitudes and suggest to study ...

  12. Excitation of the Morse oscillator by an ultrashort chirped pulse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Astapenko, V. A., E-mail: astval@mail.ru; Romadanovskii, M. S. [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The excitation of the classic Morse oscillator by an ultrashort electromagnetic pulse with a linear frequency chirp is studied theoretically. Formulas are derived for the oscillation amplitude and the radiation power averaged over a period as functions of the excitation energy for free oscillations of the Morse oscillator. Analytical expressions for describing the oscillator motion after the end of the pulse are obtained in the harmonic limit. In the general case of arbitrary parameters of the problem, the specific features of an excited Morse oscillator are analyzed numerically. Prominence is given to the effect of chirp on the excitation energy. The consideration is performed in terms of dimensionless variables, which makes it possible to apply the results obtained to a wide range of molecular systems and exciting-pulse parameters.

  13. FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology Demonstration Program Technology Focus FEMPFederal Energy Management Program Trends in Energy Management Technology: BCS Integration Technologies ­ Open Communications into a complete EMCIS. The first article [1] covered enabling technologies for emerging energy management systems

  14. Tracking Pulses of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoneyama, Kunio; Zhang, Chidong; Long, Charles N.

    2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An international field campaign aiming at atmospheric and oceanic processes associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) was conducted in and around the tropical Indian Ocean (IO) during October 2011 - March 2012. The objective of the field campaign was to collect observations urgently needed to expedite the progress of understanding the key processes of the MJO, focusing on its initiation but also including propagation and maturation, and ultimately to improve skills of numerical simulation and prediction of the MJO. Primary targets of the field campaign include interaction of atmospheric deep convection with its environmental moisture, evolution of cloud populations, and air-sea interaction. Several MJO events were captured by ground-based, airborne, and oceanic instruments with advanced observing technology. Numerical simulations and real-time forecasts were integrated components of the field campaign in its design and operation. Observations collected during the campaign provide unprecedented opportunities to reveal detailed processes of the MJO and to assist evaluation, improvement and development of weather and climate models. The data policy of the campaign encourages the broad research community to use the field observations to advance the MJO study.

  15. SU(3) symmetry in the triaxially deformed harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko [Otsuma Women's University, Tama, Tokyo 206-8540 (Japan); Tanabe, Kosai [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Sakura-Ku, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan); Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Arima, Akito [Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan); Gruber, Bruno [College of Science, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An anisotropic harmonic oscillator Hamiltonian can be brought into invariant form under SU(3) transformations by applying nonlinear transformations to the oscillator bosons. The classification of the single-particle levels based on this covering group predicts magic numbers for the triaxial oscillator. It is shown that when the deformation |{delta}| is not too large, the physical operators are approximated by the group operators. Estimation is carried out for the alignment of orbital angular momentum in a triaxial field.

  16. Absolute proof that hydrogen-antihydrogen oscillations occur in nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Van Hooydonk

    2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Detecting H-antiH oscillations is intimately connected with the existence of natural antiH. We detect natural H-antiH oscillations, generated by a classical spin-free Coulomb quantum gap, which we calculate analytically without any parameter. Oscillation times are much smaller than those predicted with the Standard Model. These unprecedented results also remove the so-called problem with matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe.

  17. Pontecorvo neutrino-antineutrino oscillations: theory and experimental limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Esposito; N. Tancredi

    1997-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study Pontecorvo neutrino-antineutrino oscillations both in vacuum and in matter within a field theoretic approach, showing that this phenomenon can occur only if neutrinos have a Dirac-Majorana mass term. We find that matter effects suppress these oscillations and cannot explain the solar neutrino problem. On the contrary, a vacuum neutrino-antineutrino oscillations solution to this problem exists. We analyze this solution and available data from laboratory experiments giving stringent limits on $\

  18. The Unruh effect and oscillating neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dharam Vir Ahluwalia; Lance Labun; Giorgio Torrieri

    2015-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We point out that neutrino oscillations imply an ambiguity in the definition of the vacuum and the coupling to gravity, with experimentally observable consequences due to the Unruh effect. In an accelerating frame, the detector should see a bath of mass Eigenstates neutrinos. In inertial processes, neutrinos are produced and absorbed as charge Eigenstates. The two cannot be reconciled by a spacetime coordinate transformation. This makes manifestations of the Unruh effect in neutrino physics a promising probe of both neutrinos and fundamental quantum field theory. In this respect, we suggest $p\\rightarrow n +\\ell^+ + {\

  19. Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; Patrick Huber; Danny Marfatia

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric neutrino and K2K data and with reactor antineutrino data at short and long baselines (from CHOOZ and KamLAND). We find that the survival probability of solar MaVaNs is independent of how the suppression of neutrino mass caused by the acceleron-matter couplings varies with density. Measurements of MeV and lower energy solar neutrinos will provide a rigorous test of the idea.

  20. Analysis of Bs flavor oscillations at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonardo, Nuno T

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The search for and study of flavor oscillations in the neutral B{sub s}B{sub s} meson system is an experimentally challenging task. It constitutes a flagship analysis of the Tevatron physics program. In this dissertation, they develop an analysis of the time-dependent B{sub s} flavor oscillations using data collected with the CDF detector. The data samples are formed of both fully and partially reconstructed B meson decays: B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}{pi}({pi}{pi}) and B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}lv. A likelihood fitting framework is implemented and appropriate models and techniques developed for describing the mass, proper decay time, and flavor tagging characteristics of the data samples. The analysis is extended to samples of B{sup +} and B{sup 0} mesons, which are further used for algorithm calibration and method validation. The B mesons lifetimes are extracted. The measurement of the B{sup 0} oscillation frequency yields {Delta}m{sub d} = 0.522 {+-} 0.017 ps{sup -1}. The search for B{sub s} oscillations is performed using an amplitude method based on a frequency scanning procedure. Applying a combination of lepton and jet charge flavor tagging algorithms, with a total tagging power {epsilon}'D{sup 2} of 1.6%, to a data sample of 355 pb{sup -1}, a sensitivity of 13.0 ps{sup -1} is achieved. They develop a preliminary same side kaon tagging algorithm, which is found to provide a superior tagging power of about 4.0% for the B{sub s} meson species. A study of the dilution systematic uncertainties is not reported. From its application as is to the B{sub s} samples the sensitivity is significantly increased to about 18 ps{sup -1} and a hint of a signal is seen at about 175. ps{sup -1}. They demonstrate that the extension of the analysis to the increasing data samples with the inclusion of the same side tagging algorithm is capable of providing an observation of B{sub s} mixing beyond the standard model expectation. They show also that the improved knowledge of {Delta}m{sub s} has a considerable impact on constraining the CKM matrix elements.

  1. Seismic metamaterials based on isochronous mechanical oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finocchio, G., E-mail: gfinocchio@unime.it; Garescì, F.; Azzerboni, B. [Department of Electronic Engineering, Industrial Chemistry and Engineering, University of Messina, C.da di Dio, I-98166 Messina (Italy); Casablanca, O.; Chiappini, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Via Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Roma (Italy); Ricciardi, G. [Department of Civil, Informatic, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering and Applied Mathematics, C.da di Dio, I-98166 Messina (Italy); Alibrandi, U. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter introduces a seismic metamaterial (SM) composed by a chain of mass-in-mass system able to filter the S-waves of an earthquake. We included the effect of the SM into the mono dimensional model for the soil response analysis. The SM modifies the soil behavior and in presence of an internal damping the amplitude of the soil amplification function is reduced also in a region near the resonance frequency. This SM can be realized by a continuous structure with inside a 3d-matrix of isochronous oscillators based on a sphere rolling over a cycloidal trajectory.

  2. Neutrino oscillations in the general spherically symmetric gravitational field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godunov, S. I., E-mail: sgodunov@itep.ru; Pastukhov, G. S., E-mail: grigoriypas@gmail.com [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results for neutrino oscillations in the gravitational field described by the Schwarzschild metric are generalized to the general spherically symmetric gravitational field.

  3. The Quality of Oscillations in Over-Damped Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodas, Nathan O

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second law of thermodynamics implies that no macroscopic system may oscillate indefinitely without consuming energy. This letter places bounds on the degree and quality of such oscillations when the system in question is homogeneous and has discrete states. In a closed system, the maximum number of oscillations is bounded by the system dimension. In open systems, the system size bounds the quality factor of oscillation. This fundamental limit serves as a key design principle for engineered dynamics in chemical systems and nano-scale machines.

  4. Classical and Quantum Oscillators of Sextic and Octic Anharmonicities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Pathak; Swapan Mandal

    2002-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical oscillators of sextic and octic anharmonicities are solved analytically up to the linear power of \\lambda (Anharmonic Constant) by using Taylor series method. These solutions exhibit the presence of secular terms which are summed up for all orders. The frequency shifts of the oscillators for small anharmonic constants are obtained. It is found that the calculated shifts agree nicely with the available results to-date. The solutions for classical anharmonic oscillators are used to obtain the solutions corresponding to quantum anharmonic oscillators by imposing fundamental commutation relations between position and momentum operators.

  5. Experimental observation of a transition from amplitude to oscillation death in coupled oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanmoy Banerjee; Debarati Ghosh

    2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first experimental evidence of an important transition scenario, namely the transition from amplitude death (AD) to oscillation death (OD) state in coupled limit cycle oscillators. We consider two Van der Pol oscillators coupled through mean-field diffusion and show that this system exhibits a transition from AD to OD, which was earlier shown for Stuart-Landau oscillators under the same coupling scheme [T. Banerjee and D. Ghosh, arXiv:1403.2907, 2014]. We show that the AD-OD transition is governed by the density of mean-field and beyond a critical value this transition is destroyed; further, we show the existence of a nontrivial AD state that coexists with OD. Next, we implement the system in an electronic circuit and experimentally confirm the transition from AD to OD state. We further characterize the experimental parameter zone where this transition occurs. The present study may stimulate the search for the practical systems where this important transition scenario can be observed experimentally.

  6. (Environmental technology)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boston, H.L.

    1990-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The traveler participated in a conference on environmental technology in Paris, sponsored by the US Embassy-Paris, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the French Environmental Ministry, and others. The traveler sat on a panel for environmental aspects of energy technology and made a presentation on the potential contributions of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to a planned French-American Environmental Technologies Institute in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Evry, France. This institute would provide opportunities for international cooperation on environmental issues and technology transfer related to environmental protection, monitoring, and restoration at US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The traveler also attended the Fourth International Conference on Environmental Contamination in Barcelona. Conference topics included environmental chemistry, land disposal of wastes, treatment of toxic wastes, micropollutants, trace organics, artificial radionuclides in the environment, and the use biomonitoring and biosystems for environmental assessment. The traveler presented a paper on The Fate of Radionuclides in Sewage Sludge Applied to Land.'' Those findings corresponded well with results from studies addressing the fate of fallout radionuclides from the Chernobyl nuclear accident. There was an exchange of new information on a number of topics of interest to DOE waste management and environmental restoration needs.

  7. SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 2004 SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY PRODUCTS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology Information technology security prod ucts are essential to better secure infor mation technology (IT) systems

  8. Enhanced synchronization in an array of spin torque nano oscillators in the presence of oscillating external magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Subash; V. K. Chandrasekar; M. Lakshmanan

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the synchronization of an array of electrically coupled spin torque nano-oscillators (STNO) modelled by Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski (LLGS) equation can be enhanced appreciably in the presence of a common external microwave magnetic field. The applied microwave magnetic field stabilizes and enhances the regions of synchronization in the parameter space of our analysis, where the oscillators are exhibiting synchronized oscillations thereby emitting improved microwave power. To characterize the synchronized oscillations we have calculated the locking range in the domain of external source frequency.

  9. Turbulent drag reduction through oscillating discs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wise, Daniel J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The changes of a turbulent channel flow subjected to oscillations of wall flush-mounted rigid discs are studied by means of direct numerical simulations. The Reynolds number is $R_\\tau$=$180$, based on the friction velocity of the stationary-wall case and the half channel height. The primary effect of the wall forcing is the sustained reduction of wall-shear stress, which reaches a maximum of 20%. A parametric study on the disc diameter, maximum tip velocity, and oscillation period is presented, with the aim to identify the optimal parameters which guarantee maximum drag reduction and maximum net energy saving, computed by taking into account the power spent to actuate the discs. This may be positive and reaches 6%. The Rosenblat viscous pump flow is used to predict the power spent for disc motion in the turbulent channel flow and to estimate localized and transient regions over the disc surface subjected to the turbulent regenerative braking effect, for which the wall turbulence exerts work on the discs. The...

  10. The CEBAF Master Oscillator and Distribution Remodeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasz Plawski, J. Hovater, John Musson, Ramakrishna Bachimanchi

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jefferson Lab?s CEBAF accelerator operation requires various frequency references to be distributed along the site. Three signals: 10 MHz, 70 MHz and 499 MHz are synthesized in the Machine Control Center (MCC) while 1427 MHz and 429 MHz are derived from 499 MHz and 70 MHz signals in four separate locations. We are replacing our obsolete 10 MHz, 70 MHz and 499 MHz sources with new sources that will incorporate a GPS receiver to discipline a 10 MHz reference. In addition the MO (Master Oscillator) system will be redundant (duplicate MO) and a third signal source will be used as a system diagnostic. Moreover, the 12 GeV Energy Upgrade for CEBAF accelerator will be adding 80 new RF systems. To support them the distribution of 1427 MHz and 70 MHz signals has to be extended and be able to deliver enough LO (Local Oscillator) and IF (Intermediate Frequency) power to 320 old and 80 new 80 RF systems. This paper discusses the new MO and the drive line extension.

  11. Uncertainty quantification of limit-cycle oscillations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beran, Philip S. [Multidisciplinary Technologies Center, Air Vehicles Directorate, AFRL/VASD, Building 146, 2210 Eighth Street, WPAFB, OH 45433 (United States)]. E-mail: philip.beran@wpafb.af.mil; Pettit, Chris L. [United States Naval Academy, 590 Holloway Rd., MS 11-B, Annapolis, MD 21402 (United States)]. E-mail: pettitcl@usna.edu; Millman, Daniel R. [USAF TPS/EDT, 220 South Wolfe Ave, Bldg. 1220, Rm. 131, Edwards AFB, CA 93524-6485 (United States)]. E-mail: daniel.millman@edwards.af.mil

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Different computational methodologies have been developed to quantify the uncertain response of a relatively simple aeroelastic system in limit-cycle oscillation, subject to parametric variability. The aeroelastic system is that of a rigid airfoil, supported by pitch and plunge structural coupling, with nonlinearities in the component in pitch. The nonlinearities are adjusted to permit the formation of a either a subcritical or supercritical branch of limit-cycle oscillations. Uncertainties are specified in the cubic coefficient of the torsional spring and in the initial pitch angle of the airfoil. Stochastic projections of the time-domain and cyclic equations governing system response are carried out, leading to both intrusive and non-intrusive computational formulations. Non-intrusive formulations are examined using stochastic projections derived from Wiener expansions involving Haar wavelet and B-spline bases, while Wiener-Hermite expansions of the cyclic equations are employed intrusively and non-intrusively. Application of the B-spline stochastic projection is extended to the treatment of aerodynamic nonlinearities, as modeled through the discrete Euler equations. The methodologies are compared in terms of computational cost, convergence properties, ease of implementation, and potential for application to complex aeroelastic systems.

  12. Sensitivity of DANSS detector to short range neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilov, Mikhail

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DANSS is a highly segmented $1m^3$ plastic scintillator detector. Its 2500 scintillator strips have a Gd loaded reflective cover. Light is collected with 3 wave length shifting fibers per strip and read out with 50 PMTs and 2500 SiPMs. The DANSS will be installed under the industrial 3GW$_{th}$ reactor of the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant at distances varying from 9.7m to 12.2m from the reactor core. PMTs and SiPMs collect about 30 photo electrons per MeV distributed approximately equally between two types of the readout. Light collection non-uniformity across and along the strip is about $\\pm13\\%$ from maximum to minimum. The resulting energy resolution is modest, $\\sigma/E=15\\%$ at 5MeV. This leads to a smearing of the oscillation pattern comparable with the smearing due to the large size of the reactor core. Nevertheless because of the large counting rate ($\\sim 10000$ / day), small background ($<1\\%$) and good control of systematic uncertainties due to frequent changes of positions, the DANSS is quite se...

  13. Technology disrupted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papatheodorou, Y. [CH2M Hill (United States)

    2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Three years ago, the author presented a report on power generation technologies which in summary said 'no technology available today has the potential of becoming transformational or disruptive in the next five to ten years'. In 2006 the company completed another strategic view research report covering the electric power, oil, gas and unconventional energy industries and manufacturing industry. This article summarises the strategic view findings and then revisits some of the scenarios presented in 2003. The cost per megawatt-hour of the alternatives is given for plants ordered in 2005 and then in 2025. The issue of greenhouse gas regulation is dealt with through carbon sequestration and carbon allowances or an equivalent carbon tax. Results reveal substantial variability through nuclear power, hydro, wind, geothermal and biomass remain competitive through every scenario. Greenhouse gas scenario analysis shows coal still be viable, albeit less competitive against nuclear and renewable technologies. A carbon tax or allowance at $24 per metric ton has the same effect on IGCC cost as a sequestration mandate. However, the latter would hurt gas plants much more than a tax or allowance. Sequestering CO{sub 2} from a gas plant is almost as costly per megawatt-hour as for coal. 5 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. Emerging technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shin-yee

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the Emerging Technologies thrust area at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to help individuals establish technology areas that have national and commercial impact, and are outside the scope of the existing thrust areas. We continue to encourage innovative ideas that bring quality results to existing programs. We also take as our mission the encouragement of investment in new technology areas that are important to the economic competitiveness of this nation. In fiscal year 1992, we have focused on nine projects, summarized in this report: (1) Tire, Accident, Handling, and Roadway Safety; (2) EXTRANSYT: An Expert System for Advanced Traffic Management; (3) Odin: A High-Power, Underwater, Acoustic Transmitter for Surveillance Applications; (4) Passive Seismic Reservoir Monitoring: Signal Processing Innovations; (5) Paste Extrudable Explosive Aft Charge for Multi-Stage Munitions; (6) A Continuum Model for Reinforced Concrete at High Pressures and Strain Rates: Interim Report; (7) Benchmarking of the Criticality Evaluation Code COG; (8) Fast Algorithm for Large-Scale Consensus DNA Sequence Assembly; and (9) Using Electrical Heating to Enhance the Extraction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Soil.

  15. Venus Technology Plan Venus Technology Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Venus Technology Plan May 2014 #12; ii Venus Technology Plan At the Venus Exploration Survey priorities, and (3) develop a Technology Plan for future Venus missions (after a Technology Forum at VEXAG Meeting 11 in November 2013). Here, we present the 2014 Venus Technology Plan

  16. IMPROVED ROOF STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) remediation sites have performed roof repair and roof replacement to stabilize facilities prior to performing deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) activities. This project will review the decision criteria used by these DOE sites, along with the type of repair system used for each different roof type. Based on this information, along with that compiled from roofing experts, a decision-making tool will be generated to aid in selecting the proper roof repair systems. Where appropriate, innovative technologies will be reviewed and applied to the decision-making tool to determine their applicability. Based on the results, applied research and development will be conducted to develop a method to repair these existing roofing systems, while providing protection for the D and D worker in a cost-efficient manner.

  17. Decay Oscillations in Electron Capture and the Neutrino Mass Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray Peshkin

    2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum mechanical theory disallows the model that has been used to infer the neutrino mass difference from the reported "GSI oscillations" in the rates of decay of hydrogen-like ions by electron capture. It has not been proved that the existence of mass-difference-dependent oscillations conflicts with quantum mechanics but no consistent quantum mechanical model has been shown to predict them.

  18. Revising neutrino oscillations in a curved space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visinelli, Luca

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revise the theory of neutrino oscillations in a gravitational field, starting from the WKB approximation of the Dirac equation in a curved spacetime. We discuss the expression for the phase shift in neutrino flavor oscillations in the geometry around a rotating, charged black hole (Kerr-Newman metric) and for cosmological neutrinos (Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric).

  19. Active-Sterile neutrino oscillations and BBN+CMBR constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Di Bari; R. Foot

    2000-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how active-sterile neutrino oscillations in the early Universe can play an interesting role in explaining the current observations of CMBR anisotropies and light element abundances. We describe different possible phenomenological scenarios in the interpretation of present data and how active-sterile neutrino oscillations can provide a viable theoretical framework.

  20. Remarks on the neutrino oscillation formula Massimo Blasone*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blasone, Massimo

    Remarks on the neutrino oscillation formula Massimo Blasone* Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College 1999 We show that the neutrino oscillation formula recently derived in the quantum field theory framework holds true despite the arbitrariness in the mass parameter for the flavor fields. This formula

  1. OBSERVED HYBRID OSCILLATIONS IN AN ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM Vaibhav Donde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 1 therefore provide an example of a hybrid limit cycle.1 Analysis of power system large disturbance-changing transformers and switched capacitors. Analysis required a hybrid systems framework, due to the non from usual power system oscillations [1]: 1) behav- iour was quite non-smooth, and 2) the oscillation

  2. THE AVERAGED CONTROL SYSTEM OF FAST OSCILLATING CONTROL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , control systems, small control, optimal control, Finsler geometry. AMS subject classifications. 34C29, 34H used for design. The use of averaging in optimal control of oscillating systems [10, 13, 14, 7THE AVERAGED CONTROL SYSTEM OF FAST OSCILLATING CONTROL SYSTEMS ALEX BOMBRUN AND JEAN

  3. Observation of Thermopower Oscillations in the Coulomb Blockade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    capacitance C oscillates about zero in a sawtooth fashion as a function of gate voltage with a peakObservation of Thermopower Oscillations in the Coulomb Blockade Regime in a Semiconducting Carbon-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) in the quantum dot regime. The TEP measured as a function of gate voltage

  4. Brief Communication Channel Noise is Essential for Perithreshold Oscillations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorval II, Alan D. "Chuck"

    Brief Communication Channel Noise is Essential for Perithreshold Oscillations in Entorhinal by the stochastic flicker of voltage-gated ion channels, can be a major contributor to electrical membrane noise of persistent Na channels is necessary for the existence of slow perithreshold oscillations that characterize

  5. Feedback damper system for quadrupole oscillations after transition at RHIC.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abreu,N.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Schultheiss, C.

    2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The heavy ion beam at RHIC undergoes strong quadrupole oscillations just after it crosses transition, which leads to an increase in bunch length making rebucketing less effective. A feedback system was built to damp these quadrupole oscillations and in this paper the characteristics of the system and the results obtained are presented and discussed.

  6. Chimeras in networks of planar oscillators Carlo R. Laing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laing, Carlo R.

    Chimeras in networks of planar oscillators Carlo R. Laing IIMS, Massey University, Private Bag 102-904 NSMC, Auckland, New Zealand (Dated: June 25, 2010) Chimera states occur in networks of coupled the remainder are desynchronized. Most chimera states have been observed in networks of phase oscillators

  7. Aspects of Neutrino Oscillation in Alternative Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumanta Chakraborty

    2015-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino spin and flavour oscillation in curved spacetime have been studied for the most general static spherically symmetric configuration. Using the symmetry properties we have derived spin oscillation frequency for neutrino moving along a geodesic or in a circular orbit. Starting from the expression of neutrino spin oscillation frequency we have shown that even in this general context, in high energy limit the spin oscillation frequency for neutrino moving along circular orbit vanishes. This finally lends itself to non-zero probability of neutrino helicity flip. While for neutrino flavour oscillation we have derived general results for oscillation phase, which subsequently have been applied to different gravity theories. These include dilaton field coupled to Maxwell field tensor, generalization of Schwarzschild solution by introduction of quadratic curvature terms of all possible form to the Einstein-Hilbert action and finally regular black hole solutions. In all these cases using the solar neutrino oscillation data we can put bounds on the parameters of these gravity theories. While for spin oscillation probability, we have considered two cases, Gauss-Bonnet term added to the Einstein-Hilbert action and the f(R) gravity theory. In both these cases we could impose bounds on the parameters which are consistent with previous considerations. Implications are also discussed.

  8. Grinding media oscillation: effect on torsional vibrations in tumble mills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toram, Kiran Kumar

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of oscillation of grinding media on torsional vibrations of the mill. A theoretical model was developed to determine the oscillating frequency of the grinding media. A 12" (0.3 m) diameter tumble mill test rig was built with a 0.5 hp DC motor. The rig is tested...

  9. Oscillations of Thick Accretion Discs Around Black Holes - II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Rubio-Herrera; William H. Lee

    2005-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a numerical study of the global modes of oscillation of thick accretion discs around black holes. We have previously studied the case of constant distributions of specific angular momentum. In this second paper, we investigate (i) how the size of the disc affects the oscillation eigenfrequencies, and (ii) the effect of power-law distributions of angular momentum on the oscillations. In particular, we compare the oscillations of the disc with the epicyclic eigenfrequencies of a test particle with different angular momentum distributions orbiting around the central object. We find that there is a frequency shift away from the epicyclic eigenfrequency of the test particle to lower values as the size of the tori is increased. We have also studied the response of a thick accretion disc to a localized external perturbation using non constant specific angular momentum distributions within the disc. We find that in this case it is also possible (as reported previously for constant angular momentum distributions) to efficiently excite internal modes of oscillation. In fact we show here that the local perturbations excite global oscillations (acoustic p modes) closely related to the epicyclic oscillations of test particles. Our results are particularly relevant in the context of low mass X-ray binaries and microquasars, and the high frequency Quasi-Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) observed in them. Our computations make use of a Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) code in azimuthal symmetry, and use a gravitational potential that mimics the effects of strong gravity.

  10. A New Lorentz-Violating Model of Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Labe

    2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A new model for neutrino oscillations is introduced, in which mass-like behavior is seen at high energies, but various behavior can be predicted at low energies. The model employs no neutrino masses, but instead relies on the Lorentz-violating parameters a and c. Oscillations into antineutrinos and sterile neutrinos are also considered.

  11. Number of negative modes of the oscillating bounces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavrelashvili, George [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Geneva, 24 quai Ernest-Ansermet, CH 1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland) and Department of Theoretical Physics, A.Razmadze Mathematical Institute, GE 0193 Tbilisi (Georgia)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum of small perturbations about oscillating bounce solutions recently discussed in the literature is investigated. Our study supports quite intuitive and expected result: the bounce with N nodes has exactly N homogeneous negative modes. Existence of more than one negative modes makes obscure the relation of these oscillating bounce solutions to the false vacuum decay processes.

  12. Viscous Resuspension of a sediment caused by oscillating stratified flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallner, Johannes

    Viscous Resuspension of a sediment caused by oscillating stratified flows J. Wallner U. Schaflinger resuspension of a sediment in a Couette channel with harmonically oscillating walls. Numerical experiments reveal that the resuspension height and the particle volume concentration at the bottom of the channel

  13. Quantum Logic Gates using q-deformed Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashis Gangopadhyay; Mahendra Nath Sinha Roy

    2006-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the quantum logic gates, {\\it viz.} the single qubit Hadamard and Phase Shift gates, can also be realised using q-deformed angular momentum states constructed via the Jordan-Schwinger mechanism with two q-deformed oscillators. {\\it Keywords :} quantum logic gates ; q-deformed oscillators ; quantum computation {\\it PACS:} 03.67.Lx ; 02.20.Uw

  14. Reactor-based neutrino oscillation experiments Carlo Bemporad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    Reactor-based neutrino oscillation experiments Carlo Bemporad Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare 91125 (Published 18 March 2002) The status of neutrino oscillation searches employing nuclear reactors neutrinos produced in the sun and in the earth's atmosphere. The low energy of the reactor ¯e makes them

  15. Dynamics of Bianchi type I elastic spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Calogero; J. Mark Heinzle

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the global dynamical behavior of spatially homogeneous solutions of the Einstein equations in Bianchi type I symmetry, where we use non-tilted elastic matter as an anisotropic matter model that naturally generalizes perfect fluids. Based on our dynamical systems formulation of the equations we are able to prove that (i) toward the future all solutions isotropize; (ii) toward the initial singularity all solutions display oscillatory behavior; solutions do not converge to Kasner solutions but oscillate between different Kasner states. This behavior is associated with energy condition violation as the singularity is approached.

  16. Fuel Cell Technologies Office Science and Technology Policy Fellowship...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cell Technologies Office Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Opportunities Available Fuel Cell Technologies Office Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Opportunities...

  17. Searching for solar-like oscillations in the delta Scuti star rho Puppis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoci, V; Grundahl, F; Carrier, F; Brugamyer, E J; Robertson, P; Kjeldsen, H; Kok, Y; Ireland, M; Matthews, J M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the shallow convective envelopes of delta Scuti pulsators, solar-like oscillations are theoretically predicted to be excited in those stars as well. To search for such stochastic oscillations we organised a spectroscopic multi-site campaign for the bright, metal-rich delta Sct star rho Puppis. We obtained a total of 2763 high-resolution spectra using four telescopes. We discuss the reduction and analysis with the iodine cell technique, developed for searching for low-amplitude radial velocity variations, in the presence of high-amplitude variability. Furthermore, we have determined the angular diameter of rho Puppis to be 1.68 \\pm 0.03 mas, translating into a radius of 3.52 \\pm 0.07Rsun. Using this value, the frequency of maximum power of possible solar-like oscillations, is expected at ~43 \\pm 2 c/d (498 \\pm 23 muHz). The dominant delta Scuti-type pulsation mode of rho Puppis is known to be the radial fundamental mode which allows us to determine the mean density of the star, and therefore an expecte...

  18. Reactor Anti-Neutrino Oscillations and Gadolinium Loaded Super-Kamiokande Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhya Choubey; S. T. Petcov

    2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the potential of measuring the solar neutrino oscillation parameters in the proposed gadolinium loaded Super-Kamiokande (SK-Gd) detector. Gadolinium dissolved in water can detect neutrons much more efficiently than pure water. This imparts the detector the ability to observe electron type antineutrinos, transforming Super-Kamiokande into a huge reactor antineutrino detector with an event rate approximately 43 times higher than that observed in KamLAND. We simulate the reactor antineutrino data expected in this high statistics detector. We use these prospective data to study the precision with which the solar neutrino oscillation parameters, $\\Delta m^2_{\\odot}$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{\\odot}$, can be determined i) with the SK-Gd detector, and ii) by combining the SK-Gd data with the global data on solar neutrino oscillations. For comparison and completeness the allowed regions of $\\Delta m^2_{\\odot}$ and $\\sin^2\\theta_{\\odot}$, expected to be obtained from the data of the solar neutrino and KamLAND experiments, are also presented.

  19. Decoherence by wave packet separation and collective neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Evgeny; Lindner, Manfred

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In dense neutrino backgrounds present in supernovae and in the early Universe, neutrino oscillations may exhibit complex collective phenomena, such as synchronized oscillations, bipolar oscillations and spectral splits and swaps. In this Letter we consider for the first time the effects of decoherence by wave packet separation on these phenomena. We derive the evolution equations that govern neutrino oscillations in a dense medium in the presence of decoherence and consider the evolution of several simple neutrino systems in detail. We show that decoherence may modify the oscillation pattern significantly and lead to qualitatively new effects. In particular, contrary to the no-decoherence case, strong flavor conversion becomes possible even in the case of constant or nearly constant density of the neutrino background.

  20. Triple inverter pierce oscillator circuit suitable for CMOS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf; Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    An oscillator circuit is disclosed which can be formed using discrete field-effect transistors (FETs), or as a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuit. The oscillator circuit utilizes a Pierce oscillator design with three inverter stages connected in series. A feedback resistor provided in a feedback loop about a second inverter stage provides an almost ideal inverting transconductance thereby allowing high-Q operation at the resonator-controlled frequency while suppressing a parasitic oscillation frequency that is inherent in a Pierce configuration using a "standard" triple inverter for the sustaining amplifier. The oscillator circuit, which operates in a range of 10 50 MHz, has applications for use as a clock in a microprocessor and can also be used for sensor applications.

  1. Solar-like oscillations in alpha Centauri B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans Kjeldsen; Timothy R. Bedding; R. Paul Butler; Joergen Christensen-Dalsgaard; Laszlo L. Kiss; Chris McCarthy; Geoffrey W. Marcy; Christopher G. Tinney; Jason T. Wright

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We have made velocity observations of the star alpha Cen B from two sites, allowing us to identify 37 oscillation modes with l=0-3. Fitting to these modes gives the large and small frequency separations as a function of frequency. The mode lifetime, as measured from the scatter of the oscillation frequencies about a smooth trend, is similar to that in the Sun. Limited observations of the star delta Pav show oscillations centred at 2.3 mHz with peak amplitudes close to solar. We introduce a new method of measuring oscillation amplitudes from heavily-smoothed power density spectra, from which we estimated amplitudes for alpha Cen A and B, beta Hyi, delta Pav and the Sun. We point out that the oscillation amplitudes may depend on which spectral lines are used for the velocity measurements.

  2. Fourier Analysis of the Parametric Resonance in Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masafumi Koike; Toshihiko Ota; Masako Saito; Joe Sato

    2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Parametric enhancement of the appearance probability of the neutrino oscillation under the inhomogeneous matter is studied. Fourier expansion of the matter density profile leads to a simple resonance condition and manifests that each Fourier mode modifies the energy spectrum of oscillation probability at around the corresponding energy; below the MSW resonance energy, a large-scale variation modifies the spectrum in high energies while a small-scale one does in low energies. In contrast to the simple parametric resonance, the enhancement of the oscillation probability is itself an slow oscillation as demonstrated by a numerical analysis with a single Fourier mode of the matter density. We derive an analytic solution to the evolution equation on the resonance energy, including the expression of frequency of the slow oscillation.

  3. Damping the zero-point energy of a harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. G Philbin; S. A. R. Horsley

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics of quantum electromagnetism in an absorbing medium is that of a field of damped harmonic oscillators. Yet until recently the damped harmonic oscillator was not treated with the same kind of formalism used to describe quantum electrodynamics in a arbitrary medium. Here we use the techniques of macroscopic QED, based on the Huttner--Barnett reservoir, to describe the quantum mechanics of a damped oscillator. We calculate the thermal and zero-point energy of the oscillator for a range of damping values from zero to infinity. While both the thermal and zero-point energies decrease with damping, the energy stored in the oscillator at fixed temperature increases with damping, an effect that may be experimentally observable. As the results follow from canonical quantization, the uncertainty principle is valid for all damping levels.

  4. Bistability in quantum nonlinear oscillator excited by stochastic force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor Protsenko; Evgenii Protsenko; Alexander Uskov

    2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present approximate analytical method of analysis of stationary states of nonlinear quantum systems with the noise. As an example we consider quantum nonlinear oscillator excited by fluctuating force and found parameter regions with more than one stationary solutions. Existence of such region is the necessary condition for bistability. We neglect by fluctuations in the amplitude of oscillations but do not neglect by fluctuations in its phase. Then oscillator noise power spectrum depends on oscillator mean energy n, which leads to nonlinear integral equation for n. Analytical solution of this equation can be found. Stationary states of the oscillator are found for various spectrums of fluctuations of the exciting force. Linear stability analysis of stationary states was carried out.

  5. A pair of oscillators interacting with a common heat bath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Ford; R. F. O'Connell

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Here the problem considered is that of a pair of oscillators coupled to a common heat bath. Many, if not most, discussions of a single operator coupled to a bath have used the independent oscillator model of the bath. However, that model has no notion of separation, so the question of phenomena when the oscillators are near one another compared with when they are widely separated cannot be addressed. Here the Lamb model of an oscillator attached to a stretched string is generalized to illustrate some of these questions. The coupled Langevin equations for a pair of oscillators attached to the string at different points are derived and their limits for large and small separations obtained. Finally, as an illustration of a different phenomenon, the fluctuation force between a pair of masses attached to the string is calculated, with closed form expressions for the force at small and large separations.

  6. Systematic expansion for infrared oscillator basis extrapolations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. J. Furnstahl; S. N. More; T. Papenbrock

    2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent work has demonstrated that the infrared effects of harmonic oscillator basis truncations are well approximated by imposing a partial-wave Dirichlet boundary condition at a properly identified radius L. This led to formulas for extrapolating the corresponding energy E_L and other observables to infinite L and thus infinite basis size. Here we reconsider the energy for a two-body system with a Dirichlet boundary condition at L to identify and test a consistent and systematic expansion for E_L that depends only on observables. We also generalize the energy extrapolation formula to nonzero angular momentum, and apply it to the deuteron. Formulas given previously for extrapolating the radius are derived in detail.

  7. Effect of Sawtooth Oscillations on Energetic Ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.B. White; V.V. Lutsenko; Ya. I. Kolesnichenko; Yu. V. Yakovenko

    1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The work summarizes results of the authors' studies on the energetic ion transport induced by sawtooth oscillations in tokamaks. The main attention is paid to description of physical mechanisms responsible for the transport. In addition to overview, the work contains new material. The new results concern the resonant interaction of the particles and the electromagnetic field of the sawtooth crash. In particular, it is discovered that the dominant harmonic of the crash (m = n = 1) can lead to stochastic motion of particles having large orbit width (potatoes). Regular motion of potatoes and quasi-stagnation particles in the presence of an n = 1 mode is studied, and their characteristic displacements associated with quick switching on/off the mode are found.

  8. Collective neutrino oscillations in turbulent backgrounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, Giles; Adams, Jenni; Seunarine, Suruj [University of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand); University of the West Indies, Bridgetown (Barbados)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a Kolmogorov turbulence model, we investigate the effects of fluctuations in matter and neutrino density in the region near a supernova core on the flavor oscillations of neutrinos emitted in the core collapse in a single-angle, two-flavor approximation. Deviation from a smooth background neutrino density causes significant alterations in the final flavor state of the neutrino ensemble after 400 km, but even very large fluctuations in the matter density do not strongly affect the state of the neutrinos after the collective phase. In both cases, there is a strong effect on the neutrino flavor evolution at intermediate radii, with the flavor evolution becoming much more chaotic. The effect of fluctuations also depends strongly on the initial neutrino spectra. We conclude that the true neutrino fluxes arriving at Earth from core-collapse supernova could differ considerably from predictions of neutrino fluxes based on approximate models with smoothly decreasing matter and neutrino densities.

  9. Quasi-Periodic Oscillations from Magnetorotational Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phil Arras; Omer Blaes; Neal J. Turner

    2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in the X-ray lightcurves of accreting neutron star and black hole binaries have been widely interpreted as being due to standing wave modes in accretion disks. These disks are thought to be highly turbulent due to the magnetorotational instability (MRI). We study wave excitation by MRI turbulence in the shearing box geometry. We demonstrate that axisymmetric sound waves and radial epicyclic motions driven by MRI turbulence give rise to narrow, distinct peaks in the temporal power spectrum. Inertial waves, on the other hand, do not give rise to distinct peaks which rise significantly above the continuum noise spectrum set by MRI turbulence, even when the fluid motions are projected onto the eigenfunctions of the modes. This is a serious problem for QPO models based on inertial waves.

  10. Spectrometry of the Earth using Neutrino Oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rott, Carsten; Bose, Debanjan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The unknown constituents of the interior of our home planet have provoked the human imagination and driven scientific exploration. We herein demonstrate that large neutrino detectors could be used in the near future to significantly improve our understanding of the Earth's inner chemical composition. Neutrinos, which are naturally produced in the atmosphere, traverse the Earth and undergo oscillations that depend on the Earth's electron density. The Earth's chemical composition can be determined by combining observations from large neutrino detectors with seismic measurements of the Earth's matter density. We present a method that will allow us to perform a measurement that can distinguish between composition models of the outer core. We show that the next-generation large-volume neutrino detectors can provide sufficient sensitivity to reject outer core models with large hydrogen content and thereby demonstrate the potential of this novel method. In the future, dedicated instruments could be capable of distin...

  11. Torsional oscillations of nonbare strange stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannarelli, Massimo; Parisi, Alessandro; Pilo, Luigi; Tonelli, Francesco

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strange stars are one of the possible compact stellar objects that can be formed after a supernova collapse. We consider a model of strange star having an inner core in the color-flavor locked phase surmounted by a crystalline color superconducting layer. These two phases constitute the {\\it quarksphere}, which we assume to be the largest and heaviest part of the strange star. The next layer consists of standard nuclear matter forming a ionic crust, hovering on the top of the quarksphere and prevented from falling by a strong dipolar electric field. The dipolar electric field arises because quark matter is confined in the quarksphere by the strong interaction, but electrons can leak outside forming a few hundreds Fermi thick electron layer separating the ionic crust from the underlying quark matter. The ionic matter and the crystalline color superconducting matter constitute two electromagnetically coupled crust layers. We study the torsional oscillations of these two layers. Remarkably, we find that if a fra...

  12. Utilising HVDC to damp power oscillations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smed, T.; Andersson, G. (Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Electric Power Systems)

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, damping of slow oscillations with active and reactive power modulation of HVDC-links is analyzed with the aim of gaining a physical insight into the problem. The analysis shows that active power modulation is efficient when applied to a short mass-scaled electrical distance from one of the swinging machines, and reactive power modulation is most efficient when there exists a well-defined power flow direction and the modulation is made at a point close to the electrical midpoint between the swinging machines. It is shown that the intuitively appealing feedback signals frequency and derivative of the voltage are appropriate for active and reactive power modulation, respectively. The impact of the constraints imposed by the HVDC equations are analyzed, and it is determined when the implicit reactive power modulation resulting from constant [gamma] control may be detrimental for the damping.

  13. Relativistic harmonic oscillator model for quark stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishnu M. Bannur

    2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) model of hadrons is used to study quark stars. The mass-radius relationship is obtained and compared with bag model of quark star, using Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. In this model, the outward degenerate pressure due to discrete Landau levels and Landau degeneracy balances the inward gravitational pressure. Where as in bag model the degenerate pressure is due to the standard continuum levels which balances the combined inward pressure due to gravitation and bag pressure. So in RHO model, the confinement effect is included in the degenerate pressure. We found a qualitative similarity, but quantitative differences in mass-radius relationship of quark stars in these two models. Masses and radii are relatively larger and the central energy densities, required for stable quark stars, are lower in RHO model than that of bag model.

  14. Shubnikov-de Haas Oscillations in the Bulk Rashba Semiconductor BiTeI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, C.; Bahramy, M.S.; Murakawa, H.; Checkelsky, J.G.; Arita, R.; Kaneko, Y.; Onose, Y.; Nagaosa, N.; Tokura, Y.; Hwang, H.Y.

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Bulk magnetoresistance quantum oscillations are observed in high quality single crystal samples of BiTeI. This compound shows an extremely large internal spin-orbit coupling, associated with the polarity of the alternating Bi, Te, and I layers perpendicular to the c-axis. The corresponding areas of the inner and outer Fermi surfaces around the A-point show good agreement with theoretical calculations, demonstrating that the intrinsic bulk Rashba-type splitting is nearly 360 meV, comparable to the largest spin-orbit coupling generated in heterostructures and at surfaces.

  15. Technology and the Box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maitland, Padma

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    its explorations of technology in partnership with radicalPadma Maitland Technology and the Box The room is thedisciplines. The theme of “Technology and the Box” emerged

  16. Hydrogen Technologies Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hydrogen Technologies Group at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory advances the Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center's mission by researching a variety of hydrogen technologies.

  17. Innovation and Transportation's Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William L.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decision making. Innovation and technology lock-in hasStage 1 imagine the innovation and technology developmentof emphasizing innovation and technology development. Pull

  18. Testing the parametric energy conservation law in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testing the parametric energy conservation law in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator verification of energy conservation in a parametric oscillator is reported with an optical frequency precision

  19. active-sterile neutrino oscillations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    effects are reviewed. The results from oscillations are confronted with neutrinoless double beta decay. G. Rajasekaran 2000-04-17 60 Neutrino Mass and Oscillation HEP -...

  20. Now available at the DNA Sequencing and Genotyping Core Facility OpenArray High-throughput nanofluidic PCR technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruvinsky, Ilya

    -throughput nanofluidic PCR technology from Life Technologies/Applied Biosystems Application/ Service Area Types · Experimental flexibility ­ open-format layout · Nanofluidic design reduces reagent usage Questions? Contact

  1. TECHNOLOGY FORUM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| Department of Energy 51:Cross-Site66 -Topic Groups TECHNOLOGY

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2009 Advanced Vehicle Technology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Advanced Vehicle Technology Analysis...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Advanced Vehicle Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technology Analysis and Evaluation Activities and Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization Program Annual Progress Report Vehicle Technologies Office: 2008 Advanced Vehicle...

  4. Assignment Types UTS LIBRARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Assignment Types UTS LIBRARY February 2013 Academic Writing Guide Part 2 ­ Assignment Types: This section outlines the basic types of written assignments, providing structural elements and examples. #12;2 II. Assignment Types 1. Essay Writing

  5. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  6. Clean coal technologies market potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drazga, B. (ed.)

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Looking at the growing popularity of these technologies and of this industry, the report presents an in-depth analysis of all the various technologies involved in cleaning coal and protecting the environment. It analyzes upcoming and present day technologies such as gasification, combustion, and others. It looks at the various technological aspects, economic aspects, and the various programs involved in promoting these emerging green technologies. Contents: Industry background; What is coal?; Historical background of coal; Composition of coal; Types of coal; Environmental effects of coal; Managing wastes from coal; Introduction to clean coal; What is clean coal?; Byproducts of clean coal; Uses of clean coal; Support and opposition; Price of clean coal; Examining clean coal technologies; Coal washing; Advanced pollution control systems; Advanced power generating systems; Pulverized coal combustion (PCC); Carbon capture and storage; Capture and separation of carbon dioxide; Storage and sequestration of carbon dioxide; Economics and research and development; Industry initiatives; Clean Coal Power Initiative; Clean Coal Technology Program; Coal21; Outlook; Case Studies.

  7. Dynamical Transitions in Large Systems of Mean Field-Coupled Landau-Stuart Oscillators: Extensive Chaos and Clumped States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wai Lim Ku; Michelle Girvan; Edward Ott

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we study dynamical systems in which a large number $N$ of identical Landau-Stuart oscillators are globally coupled via a mean-field. Previously, it has been observed that this type of system can exhibit a variety of different dynamical behaviors including clumped states in which each oscillator is in one of a small number of groups for which all oscillators in each group have the same state which is different from group to group, as well as situations in which all oscillators have different states and the macroscopic dynamics of the mean field is chaotic. We argue that this second type of behavior is $^{\\backprime}$extensive$^{\\prime}$ in the sense that the chaotic attractor in the full phase space of the system has a fractal dimension that scales linearly with $N$ and that the number of positive Lyapunov exponents of the attractor also scales with linearly $N$. An important focus of this paper is the transition between clumped states and extensive chaos as the system is subjected to slow adiabatic parameter change. We observe explosive (i.e., discontinuous) transitions between the clumped states (which correspond to low dimensional dynamics) and the extensively chaotic states. Furthermore, examining the clumped state, as the system approaches the explosive transition to extensive chaos, we find that the oscillator population distribution between the clumps continually evolves so that the clumped state is always marginally stable. This behavior is used to reveal the mechanism of the explosive transition. We also apply the Kaplan-Yorke formula to study the fractal structure of the extensively chaotic attractors.

  8. Dezincing Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudek, F.J.; Daniels, E.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Service Div.; Morgan, W.A. [Metal Recovery Technologies, Inc., East Chicago, IN (United States)

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Half of the steel produced in the US is derived from scrap. With zinc-coated prompt scrap increasing fivefold since 1980, steel-makers are feeling the effect of increased contaminant loads on their operations. The greatest concern is the cost of treatment before disposal of waste dusts and water that arise from remelting zinc-coated scrap. An economic process is needed to strip and recover the zinc from scrap to provide a low residual scrap for steel- and iron-making. Metal Recovery Technologies, Inc., with the assistance of Argonne National Laboratory, have been developing a caustic leach dezincing process for upgrading galvanized stamping plant scrap into clean scrap with recovery of the zinc. With further development the technology could also process galvanized scrap from obsolete automobiles. This paper will review: (1) the status of recent pilot plant operations and plans for a commercial demonstration facility with a dezincing capacity of up to 250,000 tons/year, (2) the economics of caustic dezincing, and (3) benefits of decreased cost of environmental compliance, raw material savings, and improved operations with use of dezinced scrap.

  9. Persistent Doppler shift oscillations observed with HINODE/EIS in the solar corona: spectroscopic signatures of Alfvenic waves and recurring upflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Hui; Wang, Tongjiang; Ofman, Leon; De Pontieu, Bart; Innes, Davina E; Peter, Hardi

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using data obtained by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) onboard Hinode, we have per- formed a survey of obvious and persistent (without significant damping) Doppler shift oscillations in the corona. We have found mainly two types of oscillations from February to April in 2007. One type is found at loop footpoint regions, with a dominant period around 10 minutes. They are characterized by coherent behavior of all line parameters (line intensity, Doppler shift, line width and profile asymmetry), apparent blue shift and blueward asymmetry throughout almost the en- tire duration. Such oscillations are likely to be signatures of quasi-periodic upflows (small-scale jets, or coronal counterpart of type-II spicules), which may play an important role in the supply of mass and energy to the hot corona. The other type of oscillation is usually associated with the upper part of loops. They are most clearly seen in the Doppler shift of coronal lines with forma- tion temperatures between one and two million degrees. The ...

  10. General com Technology community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Campus IT General com m unity Technology community ITsystem owners Campus Council for Information Technology (CCFIT) · ~30 members · Advisory evaluation and review role · Input from faculty, staff, students formal representation on steering team and subcommittees Technology Support Program · Technology support

  11. CSIR TECHNOLOGY AWARDS -2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

    CSIR TECHNOLOGY AWARDS - 2013 GUIDELINES & PROFORMAE FOR NOMINATIONS Planning and Performance 2013 #12;CSIR TECHNOLOGY AWARDS BRIEF DETAILS ,,CSIR Technology Awards were instituted in 1990 to encourage multi-disciplinary in- house team efforts and external interaction for technology development

  12. Northwest Regional Technology Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security The Northwest Regional Technology Center and deployment of technologies that are effective homeland security solutions for the region, and accelerate technology transfer to the national user community. Foster a collaborative spirit across agencies

  13. Emerging energy-efficient technologies for industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Worrell, Ernst; Martin, Nathan; Price, Lynn; Ruth, Michael; Elliott, Neal; Shipley, Anna; Thorn, Jennifer

    2001-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    For this study, we identified about 175 emerging energy-efficient technologies in industry, of which we characterized 54 in detail. While many profiles of individual emerging technologies are available, few reports have attempted to impose a standardized approach to the evaluation of the technologies. This study provides a way to review technologies in an independent manner, based on information on energy savings, economic, non-energy benefits, major market barriers, likelihood of success, and suggested next steps to accelerate deployment of each of the analyzed technologies. There are many interesting lessons to be learned from further investigation of technologies identified in our preliminary screening analysis. The detailed assessments of the 54 technologies are useful to evaluate claims made by developers, as well as to evaluate market potentials for the United States or specific regions. In this report we show that many new technologies are ready to enter the market place, or are currently under development, demonstrating that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. The study shows that many of the technologies have important non-energy benefits, ranging from reduced environmental impact to improved productivity. Several technologies have reduced capital costs compared to the current technology used by those industries. Non-energy benefits such as these are frequently a motivating factor in bringing technologies such as these to market. Further evaluation of the profiled technologies is still needed. In particular, further quantifying the non-energy benefits based on the experience from technology users in the field is important. Interactive effects and inter-technology competition have not been accounted for and ideally should be included in any type of integrated technology scenario, for it may help to better evaluate market opportunities.

  14. SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC OSCILLATIONS IN THE MICROWAVE EMISSION OF SOLAR FLARES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, S.; Shibasaki, K. [Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory/NAOJ, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakariakov, V. M., E-mail: sjkim@nro.nao.ac.jp [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of the microwave data, obtained in the 17 GHz channel of the Nobeyama Radioheliograph during the M1.6 flare on 2010 November 4, revealed the presence of 12.6 minute oscillations of the emitting plasma density. The oscillations decayed with the characteristic time of about 15 minutes. Similar oscillations with the period of about 13.8 minutes and the decay time of 25 minutes are also detected in the variation of EUV emission intensity measured in the 335 A channel of the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. The observed properties of the oscillations are consistent with the oscillations of hot loops observed by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar Ultraviolet Measurement of Emitted Radiation (SUMER) in the EUV spectra in the form of periodic Doppler shift. Our analysis presents the first direct observations of the slow magnetoacoustic oscillations in the microwave emission of a solar flare, complementing accepted interpretations of SUMER hot loop oscillations as standing slow magnetoacoustic waves.

  15. Oscillation modes of direct current microdischarges with parallel-plate geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stefanovic, Ilija; Kuschel, Thomas; Winter, Joerg [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik II, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44781 Bochum (Germany); Skoro, Nikola; Maric, Dragana; Petrovic, Zoran Lj [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 68, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two different oscillation modes in microdischarge with parallel-plate geometry have been observed: relaxation oscillations with frequency range between 1.23 and 2.1 kHz and free-running oscillations with 7 kHz frequency. The oscillation modes are induced by increasing power supply voltage or discharge current. For a given power supply voltage, there is a spontaneous transition from one to other oscillation mode and vice versa. Before the transition from relaxation to free-running oscillations, the spontaneous increase of oscillation frequency of relaxation oscillations form 1.3 kHz to 2.1 kHz is measured. Fourier transform spectra of relaxation oscillations reveal chaotic behavior of microdischarges. Volt-ampere (V-A) characteristics associated with relaxation oscillations describes periodical transition between low current, diffuse discharge, and normal glow. However, free-running oscillations appear in subnormal glow only.

  16. Are the B decay anomalies related to neutrino oscillations?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucenna, Sofiane M; Vicente, Avelino

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations are solidly established, with a hint of CP violation just emerging. Similarly, there are hints of lepton universality violation in $b \\to s$ transitions at the level of $2.6 \\sigma$. By assuming that the unitary transformation between weak and mass charged leptons equals the leptonic mixing matrix measured in neutrino oscillation experiments, we predict several lepton flavor violating (LFV) B meson decays. We are led to the tantalizing possibility that some LFV branching ratios for B decays correlate with the leptonic CP phase $\\delta$ characterizing neutrino oscillations. Moreover, we also consider implications for $\\ell_i \\to \\ell_j \\ell_k \\ell_k$ decays.

  17. Quasi-toroidal oscillations in rotating relativistic stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasufumi Kojima

    1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasi-toroidal oscillations in slowly rotating stars are examined in the framework of general relativity. The oscillation frequency to first order of the rotation rate is not a single value even for uniform rotation unlike the Newtonian case. All the oscillation frequencies of the r-modes are purely neutral and form a continuous spectrum limited to a certain range. The allowed frequencies are determined by the resonance condition between the perturbation and background mean flow. The resonant frequency varies with the radius according to general relativistic dragging effect.

  18. Carbon nanotube oscillator surface profiling device and method of use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Popescu, Adrian (Tampa, FL); Woods, Lilia M. (Tampa, FL); Bondarev, Igor V. (Fuquay Varina, NC)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed device is based on a carbon nanotube oscillator consisting of a finite length outer stationary nanotube and a finite length inner oscillating nanotube. Its main function is to measure changes in the characteristics of the motion of the carbon nanotube oscillating near a sample surface, and profile the roughness of this surface. The device operates in a non-contact mode, thus it can be virtually non-wear and non-fatigued system. It is an alternative to the existing atomic force microscope (AFM) tips used to scan surfaces to determine their roughness.

  19. Novel bias-field-free spin transfer oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Windbacher, Thomas, E-mail: windbacher@iue.tuwien.ac.at; Makarov, Alexander; Mahmoudi, Hiwa; Sverdlov, Viktor; Selberherr, Siegfried [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27–29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Two versions of magnetic field free spin torque oscillators with in- and out-of-plane spin polarizers are proposed. The field free spin torque oscillators comprise two spin valve stacks with a common free magnetic layer featuring an out-of-plane anisotropy. Their operation frequencies are controlled by the dimensions of the free layer and can also be tuned by the applied currents. Large and stable magnetization precessional motion of the whole shared free layer for both oscillators are obtained. The structure with in-plane polarizers allows more efficient microwave power extraction of the large in-plane magnetization precession of the free layer.

  20. Nanoconstriction-based spin-Hall nano-oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demidov, V. E., E-mail: demidov@uni-muenster.de [Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, University of Muenster, Corrensstr. 2-4, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Urazhdin, S.; Zholud, A. [Department of Physics, Emory University, 400 Dowman Dr., Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States); Sadovnikov, A. V. [Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, University of Muenster, Corrensstr. 2-4, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Saratov State University, 83 Astrakhanskaya str., Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Demokritov, S. O. [Department of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, University of Muenster, Corrensstr. 2-4, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division of RAS, Yekaterinburg 620041 (Russian Federation)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally demonstrate magnetic nano-oscillators driven by pure spin current produced by the spin Hall effect in a bow tie-shaped nanoconstriction. These devices exhibit single-mode auto-oscillation and generate highly-coherent electronic microwave signals with a significant power and the spectral linewidth as low as 6.2?MHz at room temperature. The proposed simple and flexible device geometry is amenable to straightforward implementation of advanced spintronic structures such as chains of mutually coupled spin-Hall nano-oscillators.

  1. Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining% accuracy. ­ 2-5% of pre-production capital Types of Cost Estimates #12;3. Definitive ­ Based on definitive-even $ Production Level Fixed Cost Break-even $ Production Level Cost-Revenue Relationships · Capital Costs (or

  2. Perturbative exponential expansion and matter neutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Supanitsky; J. C. D'Olivo; G. Medina-Tanco

    2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive an analytical description of neutrino oscillations in matter based on the Magnus exponential representation of the time evolution operator. Our approach is valid in a wide range of the neutrino energies and properly accounts for the modifications that the respective probability transitions suffer when neutrinos originated in different sources traverse the Earth. The present approximation considerably improves over other perturbative treatments existing in the current literature. Furthermore, the analytical expressions derived inside the Magnus framework are remarkably simple, which facilitates their practical use. When applied to the calculation of the day-night asymmetry in the solar neutrino flux our result reproduces the numerical calculation with an accuracy better than 1% for the first order approximation. When the approximation is extended to the second order, the accuracy of the method is further improved by almost one order of magnitude, and it is still better than 5% even for neutrino energies as large as 100 MeV. In the GeV regime characteristic of atmospheric and accelerator neutrinos this accuracy is complemented by a good reproduction of the position of the maxima in the flavor transition probabilities.

  3. Two surface plasmon decay of plasma oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kluge, Thomas; Zeil, Karl; Bussmann, Michael; Schramm, Ulrich; Cowan, Thomas E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of ultra-intense lasers with solid foils can be used to accelerate ions to high energies well exceeding 60 MeV. The non-linear relativistic motion of electrons in the intense laser radiation leads to their acceleration and later to the acceleration of ions. Ions can be accelerated from the front surface, the foil interior region, and the foil rear surface (TNSA, most widely used), or the foil may be accelerated as a whole if sufficiently thin (RPA). Here, we focus on the most widely used mechanism for laser ion-acceleration of TNSA. Starting from perfectly flat foils we show by simulations how electron filamentation at or inside the solid leads to a spatial modulations in the ions. The exact dynamics depend very sensitively on the chosen initial parameters which has a tremendous effect on electron dynamics. In the case of step-like density gradients we find evidence that suggests a two-surface-plasmon decay of plasma oscillations triggering a Raileigh-Taylor-like instability.

  4. Casimir Friction Force for Moving Harmonic Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

    2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Casimir friction is analyzed for a pair of dielectric particles in relative motion. We first adopt a microscopic model for harmonically oscillating particles at finite temperature T moving non-relativistically with constant velocity. We use a statistical-mechanical description where time-dependent correlations are involved. This description is physical and direct, and, in spite of its simplicity, is able to elucidate the essentials of the problem. This treatment elaborates upon, and extends, an earlier theory of ours back in 1992. The energy change Delta E turns out to be finite in general, corresponding to a finite friction force. In the limit of zero temperature the formalism yields, however, Delta E ->0, this being due to our assumption about constant velocity, meaning slowly varying coupling. For couplings varying more rapidly, there will also be a finite friction force at T=0. As second part of our work, we consider the friction problem using time-dependent perturbation theory. The dissipation, basically a second order effect, is obtainable with the use of first order theory, the reason being the absence of cross terms due to uncorrelated phases of eigenstates. The third part of the present paper is to demonstrate explicitly the equivalence of our results with those recently obtained by Barton (2010); this being not a trivial task since the formal results are seemingly quite different from each other.

  5. High intensity neutrino oscillation facilities in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgecock, T R; Davenne, T; Densham, C; Fitton, M; Kelliher, D; Loveridge, P; Machida, S; Prior, C; Rogers, C; Rooney, M; Thomason, J; Wilcox, D; Wildner, E; Efthymiopoulos, I; Garoby, R; Gilardoni, S; Hansen, C; Benedetto, E; Jensen, E; Kosmicki, A; Martini, M; Osborne, J; Prior, G; Stora, T; Melo-Mendonca, T; Vlachoudis, V; Waaijer, C; Cupial, P; Chancé, A; Longhin, A; Payet, J; Zito, M; Baussan, E; Bobeth, C; Bouquerel, E; Dracos, M; Gaudiot, G; Lepers, B; Osswald, F; Poussot, P; Vassilopoulos, N; Wurtz, J; Zeter, V; Bielski, J; Kozien, M; Lacny, L; Skoczen, B; Szybinski, B; Ustrycka, A; Wroblewski, A; Marie-Jeanne, M; Balint, P; Fourel, C; Giraud, J; Jacob, J; Lamy, T; Latrasse, L; Sortais, P; Thuillier, T; Mitrofanov, S; Loiselet, M; Keutgen, Th; Delbar, Th; Debray, F; Trophine, C; Veys, S; Daversin, C; Zorin, V; Izotov, I; Skalyga, V; Burt, G; Dexter, A C; Kravchuk, V L; Marchi, T; Cinausero, M; Gramegna, F; De Angelis, G; Prete, G; Collazuol, G; Laveder, M; Mazzocco, M; Mezzetto, M; Signorini, C; Vardaci, E; Di Nitto, A; Brondi, A; La Rana, G; Migliozzi, P; Moro, R; Palladino, V; Gelli, N; Berkovits, D; Hass, M; Hirsh, T Y; Schaumann, M; Stahl, A; Wehner, J; Bross, A; Kopp, J; Neuffer, D; Wands, R; Bayes, R; Laing, A; Soler, P; Agarwalla, S K; Villanueva, A Cervera; Donini, A; Ghosh, T; Cadenas, J J Gómez; Hernández, P; Martín-Albo, J; Mena, O; Burguet-Castell, J; Agostino, L; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Marafini, M; Patzak, T; Tonazzo, A; Duchesneau, D; Mosca, L; Bogomilov, M; Karadzhov, Y; Matev, R; Tsenov, R; Akhmedov, E; Blennow, M; Lindner, M; Schwetz, T; Martinez, E Fernández; Maltoni, M; Menéndez, J; Giunti, C; García, M C González; Salvado, J; Coloma, P; Huber, P; Li, T; López-Pavón, J; Orme, C; Pascoli, S; Meloni, D; Tang, J; Winter, W; Ohlsson, T; Zhang, H; Scotto-Lavina, L; Terranova, F; Bonesini, M; Tortora, L; Alekou, A; Aslaninejad, M; Bontoiu, C; Kurup, A; Jenner, L J; Long, K; Pasternak, J; Pozimski, J; Back, J J; Harrison, P; Beard, K; Bogacz, A; Berg, J S; Stratakis, D; Witte, H; Snopok, P; Bliss, N; Cordwell, M; Moss, A; Pattalwar, S; Apollonio, M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The EUROnu project has studied three possible options for future, high intensity neutrino oscillation facilities in Europe. The first is a Super Beam, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of pions created by bombarding targets with a 4 MW proton beam from the CERN High Power Superconducting Proton Linac. The far detector for this facility is the 500 kt MEMPHYS water Cherenkov, located in the Fr\\'ejus tunnel. The second facility is the Neutrino Factory, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of {\\mu}+ and {\\mu}- beams in a storage ring. The far detector in this case is a 100 kt Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector at a baseline of 2000 km. The third option is a Beta Beam, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of beta emitting isotopes, in particular 6He and 18Ne, also stored in a ring. The far detector is also the MEMPHYS detector in the Fr\\'ejus tunnel. EUROnu has undertaken conceptual designs of these facilities and studied the performance of the detectors. Based on this, it has determined the ph...

  6. Sterile Neutrino Fits to Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, J. M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews short-baseline oscillation experiments as interpreted within the context of one, two, and three sterile neutrino models associated with additional neutrino mass states in the ~1?eV range. Appearance and ...

  7. Analytical Theory of Neutrino Oscillations in Matter with CP violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Mikkel B; Kisslinger, Leonard S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop an exact analytical formulation of neutrino oscillations in matter within the framework of the Standard Neutrino Model assuming 3 Dirac Neutrinos. Our Hamiltonian formulation, which includes CP violation, leads to expressions for the partial oscillation probabilities that are linear combinations of spherical Bessel functions in the eigenvalue differences. The coefficients of these Bessel functions are polynomials in the neutrino CKM matrix elements, the neutrino mass differences squared, the strength of the neutrino interaction with matter, and the neutrino mass eigenvalues in matter. We give exact closed-form expressions for all partial oscillation probabilities in terms of these basic quantities. Adopting the Standard Neutrino Model, we then examine how the exact expressions for the partial oscillation probabilities might simplify by expanding in one of the small parameters {\\alpha} and sin{\\theta}13 of this model. We show explicitly that for small {\\alpha} and sin{\\theta}13 there are branch poin...

  8. Quantum resources for hybrid communication via qubit-oscillator states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommaso Tufarelli; Davide Girolami; Ruggero Vasile; Sougato Bose; Gerardo Adesso

    2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate a family of qubit-oscillator states as resources for hybrid quantum communication. They result from a mechanism of qubit-controlled displacement on the oscillator. For large displacements, we obtain analytical formulas for entanglement and other nonclassical correlations, such as entropic and geometric discord, in those states. We design two protocols for quantum communication using the considered resource states, a hybrid teleportation and a hybrid remote state preparation. The latter, in its standard formulation, is shown to have a performance limited by the initial mixedness of the oscillator, echoing the behaviour of the geometric discord. If one includes a further optimization over non-unitary correcting operations performed by the receiver, the performance is improved to match that of teleportation, which is directly linked to the amount of entanglement. Both protocols can then approach perfect efficiency even if the oscillator is originally highly thermal. We discuss the critical implications of these findings for the interpretation of general quantum correlations.

  9. A PLL Design Based on a Standing Wave Resonant Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karkala, Vinay

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    with a plurality of wires connected in a mobius configuration, with a cross coupled inverter pair connected across the wires. The oscillation frequency can be modulated by coarse and fine tuning. Coarse modification is achieved by altering the number...

  10. Analysis of B [sigma] flavor oscillations at CDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonardo, Nuno Teotónio Viegas Guerreiro

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The search for and the study of flavor oscillations in the neutral B,B, meson system is an experimentally challenging endeavor. This constitutes a flagship analysis of the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider physics program. ...

  11. Metastable Chimera States in Community-Structured Oscillator Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shanahan, Murray

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of symmetrically coupled identical oscillators with phase lag is presented, which is capable of generating a large repertoire of transient (metastable) "chimera" states in which synchronisation and desynchronisation co-exist. The oscillators are organised into communities, such that each oscillator is connected to all its peers in the same community and to a subset of the oscillators in other communities. Measures are introduced for quantifying metastability, the prevalence of chimera states, and the variety of such states a system generates. By simulation, it is shown that each of these measures is maximised when the phase lag of the model is close, but not equal, to pi/2. The relevance of the model to a number of fields is briefly discussed, with particular emphasis on brain dynamics.

  12. Magnetization reversal driven by a spin torque oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sbiaa, R., E-mail: rachid@squ.edu.om [Department of Physics, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 36, PC 123 Muscat (Oman)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetization reversal of a magnetic free layer under spin transfer torque (STT) effect from a magnetic hard layer with a fixed magnetization direction and an oscillating layer is investigated. By including STT from the oscillating layer with in-plane anisotropy and orthogonal polarizer, magnetization-time dependence of free layer is determined. The results show that the frequency and amplitude of oscillations can be varied by adjusting the current density and magnetic properties. For an optimal oscillation frequency (f{sub opt}), a reduction of the switching time (t{sub 0}) of the free layer is observed. Both f{sub opt} and t{sub 0} increase with the anisotropy field of the free layer.

  13. GENIUS project, neutrino oscillations and Cosmology: neutrinos reveal their nature?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Czakon; J. Studnik; M. Zralek; J. Gluza

    2000-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutrinoless double beta decay as well as any other laboratory experiment has not been able to answer the question of the neutrino's nature. Hints on the answer are available when neutrino oscillations and $(\\beta\\beta)_{0 \

  14. Multispecies diel transcriptional oscillations in open ocean heterotrophic bacterial assemblages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, R.

    Oscillating diurnal rhythms of gene transcription, metabolic activity, and behavior are found in all three domains of life. However, diel cycles in naturally occurring heterotrophic bacteria and archaea have rarely been ...

  15. Neutron-Antineutron Oscillations: Theoretical Status and Experimental Prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, D. G.; Snow, W. M.; Babu, K.; Banerjee, S.; Baxter, D. V.; Berezhiani, Z.; Bergevin, M.; Bhattacharya, S.; Brooijmans, G.; Castellanos, L.; et al.,

    2014-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the relevant theoretical developments, outlines some ideas to improve experimental searches for free neutron-antineutron oscillations, and suggests avenues for future improvement in the experimental sensitivity.

  16. Self-Sustaining Dynamical Nuclear Polarization Oscillations in Quantum Dots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudner, M. S.

    Early experiments on spin-blockaded double quantum dots revealed robust, large-amplitude current oscillations in the presence of a static (dc) source-drain bias. Despite experimental evidence implicating dynamical nuclear ...

  17. Neurocomputing 6566 (2005) 751757 Two-oscillator model of ventilatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Timothy

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2) of the saline used to perfuse the preparation is low, activity property of the coupling between the oscillators, and may not require a perturbing input from another

  18. amplitude power oscillations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (arXiv) Summary: We present a study of 581 Hz oscillations observed during a thermonuclear X-ray burst from the low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) 4U 1636-54 with the Rossi X-ray...

  19. A mm-Scale Aeroelastic Oscillation-Based Anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Ian

    By combining the aeroelastic and vortex-forced flutter modes of a thin plastic strip, its oscillation frequency can be confined to scale monotonically with fluid velocity. This principle has been used to produce a low-cost, ...

  20. A mm-scale aeroelastic oscillation-based anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Ian Salmon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flutter of a thin filament can provide a good indication of fluid velocity at small scales. By combining a 'fishtail'-shaped filament's aeroelastic and vortex-forced flutter modes, its oscillation frequency can be ...

  1. The Great Season Climatic Oscillation and the Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucenna, Ahmed

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present earth warming up is often explained by the atmosphere gas greenhouse effect. This explanation is in contradiction with the thermodynamics second law. The warming up by greenhouse effect is quite improbable. It is cloud reflection that gives to the earth s ground its 15 degres C mean temperature. Since the reflection of the radiation by gases is negligible, the role of the atmosphere greenhouse gases in the earth warming up by earth radiation reflection loses its importance. We think that natural climatic oscillations contribute more to earth climatic disturbances. The oscillation that we hypothesize to exist has a long period (800 to 1000 years). The glacier melting and regeneration cycles lead to variations in the cold region ocean water density and thermal conductibility according to their salinity. These variations lead one to think about a macro climate oscillating between maximum hot and minimum cold temperatures. This oscillation is materialized by the passages of the planet through hot, mil...

  2. Genome Technology, No.56 October 2005 CROSSING OVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Genome Technology, No.56 October 2005 CROSSING OVER ACADEMIA OR INDUSTRY? WWW.GENOME-TECHNOLOGY importantly, if I try it out and don't like it, can I come back? Genome Technology interviewed a number-scientist types who chase down answers to impossibly huge (and sometimes useless) questions at the expense

  3. Distributions of alpha particles escaping to the wall because of sawtooth oscillations in TFTR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ". Furthermore, sawtooth oscillations can also essentially redistribute fast superthermal ions. The in uence

  4. Concept of Quasi-Capacitive Tapping of Bipolar Voltage-Controlled Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serdijn, Wouter A.

    Concept of Quasi-Capacitive Tapping of Bipolar Voltage-Controlled Oscillators Aleksandar Tasic the active part of the oscillator and the LC-tank, as proposed in this paper, the voltage swing over the tank of high- performance bipolar voltage-controlled oscillators (VCO's). As the voltage-controlled oscillators

  5. Parameter Variation Analysis for Voltage Controlled Oscillators in Phase-Locked Loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Un-Ku

    Parameter Variation Analysis for Voltage Controlled Oscillators in Phase-Locked Loops Igor Vytyaz), the oscillation frequency of a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is specified by the reference frequency on the oscillation frequency as the PLL adjusts the control voltage to keep the frequency unchanged. More importantly

  6. Resonant subharmonic absorption and second-harmonic generation by a fluctuating nonlinear oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dykman, Mark

    energy E or, equivalently, on the vibration amplitude . For a fluctuating oscillator the energy varies theoretically, numerically, and with an analog elec- tronic circuit model. The system studied has often been oscillator. The eigen- frequency of the vibrations of a nonlinear oscillator (E) depends on the oscillator

  7. A Non-SUSY Model for Neutrino Oscillation, Baryogenesis and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holger Bech Nielsen; Yasutaka Takanishi

    2001-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We fitted the neutrino oscillations, baryogenesis and neutrinoless double beta decay using Anti-GUT model.

  8. Suppression of radio frequency knock out in stacked beams by phase shifting the betatron oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwilliger, K M

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Suppression of radio frequency knock out in stacked beams by phase shifting the betatron oscillations

  9. Cosmological implications of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Éric Aubourg; Stephen Bailey; Julian E. Bautista; Florian Beutler; Vaishali Bhardwaj; Dmitry Bizyaev; Michael Blanton; Michael Blomqvist; Adam S. Bolton; Jo Bovy; Howard Brewington; J. Brinkmann; Joel R. Brownstein; Angela Burden; Nicolás G. Busca; William Carithers; Chia-Hsun Chuang; Johan Comparat; Antonio J. Cuesta; Kyle S. Dawson; Timothée Delubac; Daniel J. Eisenstein; Andreu Font-Ribera; Jian Ge; J. -M. Le Goff; Satya Gontcho A Gontcho; J. Richard Gott III; James E. Gunn; Hong Guo; Julien Guy; Jean-Christophe Hamilton; Shirley Ho; Klaus Honscheid; Cullan Howlett; David Kirkby; Francisco S. Kitaura; Jean-Paul Kneib; Khee-Gan Lee; Dan Long; Robert H. Lupton; Mariana Vargas Magaña; Viktor Malanushenko; Elena Malanushenko; Marc Manera; Claudia Maraston; Daniel Margala; Cameron K. McBride; Jordi Miralda-Escudé; Adam D. Myers; Robert C. Nichol; Pasquier Noterdaeme; Sebastián E. Nuza; Matthew D. Olmstead; Daniel Oravetz; Isabelle Pâris; Nikhil Padmanabhan; Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille; Kaike Pan; Marcos Pellejero-Ibanez; Will J. Percival; Patrick Petitjean; Matthew M. Pieri; Francisco Prada; Beth Reid; Natalie A. Roe; Ashley J. Ross; Nicholas P. Ross; Graziano Rossi; Jose Alberto Rubiño-Martín; Ariel G. Sánchez; Lado Samushia; Ricardo Tanausú Génova Santos; Claudia G. Scóccola; David J. Schlegel; Donald P. Schneider; Hee-Jong Seo; Erin Sheldon; Audrey Simmons; Ramin A. Skibba; Anže Slosar; Michael A. Strauss; Daniel Thomas; Jeremy L. Tinker; Rita Tojeiro; Jose Alberto Vazquez; Matteo Viel; David A. Wake; Benjamin A. Weaver; David H. Weinberg; W. M. Wood-Vasey; Christophe Yèche; Idit Zehavi; Gong-Bo Zhao

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive constraints on cosmological parameters and tests of dark energy models from the combination of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements with cosmic microwave background (CMB) and Type Ia supernova (SN) data. We take advantage of high-precision BAO measurements from galaxy clustering and the Ly-alpha forest (LyaF) in the BOSS survey of SDSS-III. BAO data alone yield a high confidence detection of dark energy, and in combination with the CMB angular acoustic scale they further imply a nearly flat universe. Combining BAO and SN data into an "inverse distance ladder" yields a 1.7% measurement of $H_0=67.3 \\pm1.1$ km/s/Mpc. This measurement assumes standard pre-recombination physics but is insensitive to assumptions about dark energy or space curvature, so agreement with CMB-based estimates that assume a flat LCDM cosmology is an important corroboration of this minimal cosmological model. For open LCDM, our BAO+SN+CMB combination yields $\\Omega_m=0.301 \\pm 0.008$ and curvature $\\Omega_k=-0.003 \\pm 0.003$. When we allow more general forms of evolving dark energy, the BAO+SN+CMB parameter constraints remain consistent with flat LCDM. While the overall $\\chi^2$ of model fits is satisfactory, the LyaF BAO measurements are in moderate (2-2.5 sigma) tension with model predictions. Models with early dark energy that tracks the dominant energy component at high redshifts remain consistent with our constraints, but models where dark matter decays into radiation are sharply limited. Expansion history alone yields an upper limit of 0.56 eV on the summed mass of neutrino species, improving to 0.26 eV if we include Planck CMB lensing. Standard dark energy models constrained by our data predict a level of matter clustering that is high compared to most, but not all, observational estimates. (Abridged)

  10. Influence of flavor oscillations on neutrino beam instabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendonça, J. T., E-mail: titomend@ist.utl.pt [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-090 São Paulo SP (Brazil); Haas, F. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91501-970 Porto Alegre RS (Brazil); Bret, A. [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain and Instituto de Investigaciones Energeticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the collective neutrino plasma interactions and study the electron plasma instabilities produced by a nearly mono-energetic neutrino beam in a plasma. We describe the mutual interaction between neutrino flavor oscillations and electron plasma waves. We show that the neutrino flavor oscillations are not only perturbed by electron plasmas waves but also contribute to the dispersion relation and the growth rates of neutrino beam instabilities.

  11. Effect of asymmetry in peak profiles on solar oscillation frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

    1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Most helioseismic analyses are based on solar oscillations frequencies obtained by fitting symmetric peak profiles to the power spectra. However, it has now been demonstrated that the peaks are not symmetric. In this work we study the effects of asymmetry of the peak profiles on the solar oscillations frequencies of p-modes for low and intermediate degrees. We also investigate how the resulting shift in frequencies affects helioseismic inferences.

  12. Simple and Compact Expressions for Neutrino Oscillation Probabilities in Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minakata, Hisakazu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We reformulate perturbation theory for neutrino oscillations in matter with an expansion parameter related to the ratio of the solar to the atmospheric Delta m^2 scales. Unlike previous works, we use a renormalized basis in which certain first-order effects are taken into account in the zeroth-order Hamiltonian. Using this perturbation theory we derive extremely compact expressions for the neutrino oscillation probabilities in matter. We find, for example, that the $\

  13. Influence of flavor oscillations on neutrino beam instabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendonça, José Tito; Bret, Antoine

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the collective neutrino plasma interactions, and study the electron plasma instabilities produced by a nearly mono-energetic neutrino beam in a plasma. We describe the mutual influence of neutrino flavor oscillations and electron plasma waves. We show that the neutrino flavor oscillations are not only perturbed by electron plasmas waves, but also contribute to the dispersion relation and the growth rates of neutrino beam instabilities.

  14. Longitudinal magnetohydrodynamics oscillations in dissipative, cooling coronal loops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Ghafri, K. S.; Ruderman, M. S.; Williamson, A.; Erdélyi, R., E-mail: app08ksa@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: m.s.ruderman@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: app09aw@sheffield.ac.uk, E-mail: robertus@sheffield.ac.uk [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the effect of cooling on standing slow magnetosonic waves in coronal magnetic loops. The damping mechanism taken into account is thermal conduction that is a viable candidate for dissipation of slow magnetosonic waves in coronal loops. In contrast to earlier studies, here we assume that the characteristic damping time due to thermal conduction is not small, but arbitrary, and can be of the order of the oscillation period, i.e., a temporally varying plasma is considered. The approximation of low-beta plasma enables us to neglect the magnetic field perturbation when studying longitudinal waves and consider, instead, a one-dimensional motion that allows a reliable first insight into the problem. The background plasma temperature is assumed to be decaying exponentially with time, with the characteristic cooling timescale much larger than the oscillation period. This assumption enables us to use the WKB method to study the evolution of the oscillation amplitude analytically. Using this method we obtain the equation governing the oscillation amplitude. The analytical expressions determining the wave properties are evaluated numerically to investigate the evolution of the oscillation frequency and amplitude with time. The results show that the oscillation period increases with time due to the effect of plasma cooling. The plasma cooling also amplifies the amplitude of oscillations in relatively cool coronal loops, whereas, for very hot coronal loop oscillations the damping rate is enhanced by the cooling. We find that the critical point for which the amplification becomes dominant over the damping is in the region of 4 MK. These theoretical results may serve as impetus for developing the tools of solar magneto-seismology in dynamic plasmas.

  15. Image-line voltage controlled oscillators and grating antennas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirk, Alexander MacDonald

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Approved as to style and content by: Kai Chang (Chair of Committee) Robert D. Nevels...

  16. Sinusoidal voltage controlled oscillators using operational transconductance amplifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoyle Passano, Javier Joaquin

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SINUSOIDAI. VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS I. SING OPERATIONAL TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMPLIFIERS A Thesis JAVIFB . IOAQUIN HOYI. K I'ASSANO Suhndtted to the Graduate College ol' 'I'exes A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering SINUSOIDAL VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS USING OPERATIONAI, TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMPLIFIERS A Thesis by JAVIER JOAQUIN HOYLE PASSANO Approved as to style and content by: o...

  17. Solvable model for chimera states of coupled oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel M. Abrams; Renato E. Mirollo; Steven H. Strogatz; Daniel A. Wiley

    2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Networks of identical, symmetrically coupled oscillators can spontaneously split into synchronized and desynchronized sub-populations. Such chimera states were discovered in 2002, but are not well understood theoretically. Here we obtain the first exact results about the stability, dynamics, and bifurcations of chimera states by analyzing a minimal model consisting of two interacting populations of oscillators. Along with a completely synchronous state, the system displays stable chimeras, breathing chimeras, and saddle-node, Hopf and homoclinic bifurcations of chimeras.

  18. Theory and simulation of field emission diode oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benedik, A. I.; Ryskin, N. M. [Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation)] [Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Han, S. T. [Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Ansan 426-170 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Ansan 426-170 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a theoretical analysis of a diode oscillator with a field-emission cathode are presented. A small-signal analysis of self-excitation conditions is performed. The time-domain particle-in-cell code is developed, and the performance of an X-band oscillator is numerically demonstrated using the simulation code. The simulation shows a rather high output power and efficiency for reasonable values of cathode current density.

  19. Nonlinear-damped Duffing oscillators having finite time dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald E. Mickens; Ray Bullock; Warren E. Collins; Kale Oyedeji

    2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A class of modified Duffing oscillator differential equations, having nonlinear damping forces, are shown to have finite time dynamics, i.e., the solutions oscillate with only a finite number of cycles, and, thereafter, the motion is zero. The relevance of this feature is briefly discussed in relationship to the mathematical modeling, analysis, and estimation of parameters for the vibrations of carbon nano-tubes and graphene sheets, and macroscopic beams and plates.

  20. Progress in understanding and exploiting stellar oscillation spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. A. Dziembowski

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rich oscillation spectra of dwarf-like pulsators contain a wealth of information about the object interiors and, in particular, about macroscopic transport processes, which is the most difficult aspect of stellar physics. Examples of extracting such information from data on solar-like and opacity driven pulsators are given. Problems in understanding new oscillation spectra are discussed. Importance of employing various data on excited mode is emphasized.

  1. Nonlinear lower-hybrid oscillations in cold plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maity, Chandan; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Sengupta, Sudip [Institute of Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In a fluid description nonlinear lower-hybrid oscillation have been studied in a cold quasineutral magnetized plasma using Lagrangian variables. An exact analytical solution with nontrivial space and time dependence is obtained. The solution demonstrates that under well defined initial and boundary conditions the amplitude of the oscillations increases due to nonlinearity and then comes back to its initial condition again. These solutions indicate a class of nonlinear transient structures in magnetized plasma.

  2. The design of a frequency modulated transistor oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Phil Dewey

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with temperature rise. c The germanium transistor, a Texas Instruments 3N365, has a maximum operating temperature of +75'C. Capacitor 06 and 0 were added to eliminate the high audio frequency noise generated by the heating of the thermistor and transistor... of the voltage applied to the modulator. The oscillator frequency deviations were measured 'by the communication receiver, crystal controlled oscillator, and electronic frequency counter method discussed on page 26. The voltage was varied in steps of 0. 0$ cf...

  3. Constraints on neutrinoless double beta decay from neutrino oscillation experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; M. Monteno

    1997-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that, in the framework of a general model with mixing of three Majorana neutrinos and a neutrino mass hierarchy, the results of the Bugey and Krasnoyarsk reactor neutrino oscillation experiments imply strong limitations for the effective Majorana mass || that characterizes the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay. We obtain further limitations on || from the data of the atmospheric neutrino experiments. We discuss the possible implications of the results of the future long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments for neutrinoless double beta decay.

  4. CP Violation in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Neutrino Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Fukuyama; K. Matsuda; H. Nishiura

    1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Taking account of possible CP violation, we discuss about the constraints on the lepton mixing angles from the neutrinoless double beta decay and from the neutrino oscillation for the three flavour Majorana neutrinos. From the CHORUS oscillation experiment, combined with the data of neutrinoless double beta decay, we show that the large angle solution of (\\theta_{23}) is improbable if the neutrino mass (m_3) of the third generation is a candidate of hot dark matters.

  5. Roadmap: Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology -Electrical Engineering Technology (General) -Associate of Applied Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    Roadmap: Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology - Electrical Engineering Technology (General GPA Type Term Taken Semester One [17 Credits] ! EERT 12000 Electric Circuits I 4 ! MERT 12000 Electric Circuits II 3 ! EERT 12010 Introduction to Electronics 4 ENG 20002 Introduction to Technical

  6. Sunspot umbral oscillations in the photosphere and low chromosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lites, B.W.; Thomas, J.H.

    1985-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Velocity oscillations in sunspot umbrae were measured simultaneously in two spectral lines, one formed in the low photosphere and the other formed in the low chromosphere, just above the temperature minimum. The power spectrum of velocity in each spectral line shows the presence of both 5 minute and 3 minute oscillations. The coherence spectrum and phase spectrum between the velocities in the two lines show that the 3 minute umbral oscillation has the character of a coherent, vertically standing wave in the photosphere. Also, the kinetic energy density of the 3 minute oscillation is found to be at least 5 times greater in the low photosphere than in the low chromosphere. These results indicate that the fundamental 3 minute umbral oscillation is caused by a photospheric resonance rather than a chromospheric resonance. Multiple peaks in the power spectrum of chromospheric velocity at periods near 3 minutes may be caused by the additional effect of a chromospheric resonance. The umbral 5 minute oscillations are coherent between the two heights, with a small, positive phase difference between the low photosphere and low chromosphere, much the same as in the quiet Sun. A negative phase difference at frequencies around 2 mHz suggests the presence of gravity waves in the umbra.

  7. Technology reviews: Dynamic curtain wall systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize die state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology. Determine the performance range of available technologies. Identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances. Examine market forces and market trends. Develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fall into that class.

  8. Fossil energy waste management. Technology status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bossart, S.J.; Newman, D.A.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the current status and recent accomplishments of the Fossil Energy Waste Management (FE WM) projects sponsored by the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The primary goal of the Waste Management Program is to identify and develop optimal strategies to manage solid by-products from advanced coal technologies for the purpose of ensuring the competitiveness of advanced coal technologies as a future energy source. The projects in the Fossil Energy Waste Management Program are divided into three types of activities: Waste Characterization, Disposal Technologies, and Utilization Technologies. This technology status report includes a discussion on barriers to increased use of coal by-products. Also, the major technical and nontechnical challenges currently being addressed by the FE WM program are discussed. A bibliography of 96 citations and a list of project contacts is included if the reader is interested in obtaining additional information about the FE WM program.

  9. Types of Commissioning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Several commissioning types exist to address the specific needs of equipment and systems across both new and existing buildings. The following commissioning types provide a good overview.

  10. Plasma technology directory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, P.P.; Dybwad, G.L.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plasma Technology Directory has two main goals: (1) promote, coordinate, and share plasma technology experience and equipment within the Department of Energy; and (2) facilitate technology transfer to the commercial sector where appropriate. Personnel are averaged first by Laboratory and next by technology area. The technology areas are accelerators, cleaning and etching deposition, diagnostics, and modeling.

  11. Exactly solvable model of two three-dimensional harmonic oscillators interacting with the quantum electromagnetic field: The far-zone Casimir-Polder potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciccarello, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Tecnologie Relative dell'Universita degli Studi di Palermo and CNR-INFM, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 18, 90128 Palermo (Italy); Karpov, E. [International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, Campus Plaine ULB, C.P. 231, Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050, Brussels (Belgium) and Quantum Information and Communication (QUIC), CP 165/59, Ecole Polytechnique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 50 av. F. D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Passante, R. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche dell'Universita degli Studi di Palermo and CNR-INFM, Via Archirafi 36, I-90123 Palermo (Italy)

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider two three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillators with the same frequency and interacting with the quantum electromagnetic field in the Coulomb gauge and within dipole approximation. Using a Bogoliubov-type transformation, we can obtain transformed operators such that the Hamiltonian of the system, when expressed in terms of these operators, assumes a diagonal form. We are also able to obtain an expression for the energy shift of the ground state, which is valid at all orders in the coupling constant. From this energy shift, the nonperturbative Casimir-Polder potential energy between the two oscillators can be obtained. When approximated to the fourth order in the electric charge, the well-known expression of the far zone Casimir-Polder potential in terms of the polarizabilities of the oscillators is recovered.

  12. Gas Storage Technology Consortium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

    2006-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission & distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. This report addresses the activities for the quarterly period of April 1 to June 30, 2006. Key activities during this time period include: (1) Develop and process subcontract agreements for the eight projects selected for cofunding at the February 2006 GSTC Meeting; (2) Compiling and distributing the three 2004 project final reports to the GSTC Full members; (3) Develop template, compile listserv, and draft first GSTC Insider online newsletter; (4) Continue membership recruitment; (5) Identify projects and finalize agenda for the fall GSTC/AGA Underground Storage Committee Technology Transfer Workshop in San Francisco, CA; and (6) Identify projects and prepare draft agenda for the fall GSTC Technology Transfer Workshop in Pittsburgh, PA.

  13. Fujita LaboratoryTokyo Instituteof Technology Tokyo Instituteof Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujita LaboratoryTokyo Instituteof Technology Tokyo Instituteof Technology Fujita LaboratoryTokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo Institute of Technology 231 #12;Fujita LaboratoryTokyo Instituteof Technology Tokyo Instituteof Technology 2 IT #12;Fujita LaboratoryTokyo Instituteof

  14. PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGY UPDATE This Technology Transfer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGY UPDATE This Technology Transfer Program publication is funded by the Division by the University of California Pavement Research Center. The University of California Pavement Research Center Using innovative research and sound engineering principles to improve pavement structures, materials

  15. On the modeling, design and validation of two dimensional quasi-static eddy current forces in a mechanical oscillator.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, John Anthony; Epp, David S.; Wittwer, Jonathan W.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Damping vibrations is important in the design of some types of inertial sensing devices. One method for adding damping to a device is to use magnetic forces generated by a static magnetic field interacting with eddy currents. In this report, we develop a 2-dimensional finite element model for the analysis of quasistatic eddy currents in a thin sheet of conducting material. The model was used for design and sensitivity analyses of a novel mechanical oscillator that consists of a shuttle mass (thin sheet of conducting material) and a set of folded spring elements. The oscillator is damped through the interaction of a static magnetic field and eddy currents in the shuttle mass. Using a prototype device and Laser Dopler Velocimetry (LDV), measurements were compared to the model in a validation study using simulation based uncertainty analyses. Measurements were found to follow the trends predicted by the model.

  16. Northwestern University Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    ... Integrated Technology Classrooms Online Lectures Collaborative Course Management Tools ...in any teaching environment Classroom Laptop Mobile Device www.it.northwestern.edu NUITAcademic&ResearchTechnologiesNorthwestern University Information Technology (NUIT) is committed to supporting faculty research

  17. 2010 DOE EERE Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review ? Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Integration 2010 DOE EERE Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review Technology Integration Technology integration merit review results 2010amr08.pdf More...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2010 Fuel Technologies R&D Annual...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Technologies R&D Annual Progress Report Vehicle Technologies Office: 2010 Fuel Technologies R&D Annual Progress Report The Fuels Technologies subprogram supports fuels and...

  19. Technology and social process : oscillations in Iron Age copper production and power in Southern Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yosef, Erez

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at Timna: thermoluminescence (TL) dating and evidence fromas well as thermoluminescence (TL), can be used for datingthermoluminescence (Aitken, 1985; and see Lorenz, 1988 for TL dating

  20. Technology and social process : oscillations in Iron Age copper production and power in Southern Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yosef, Erez

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mining and Extractive Metallurgy. (pp. 103-134). London:Copper Smelting, Archaeo- Metallurgy 1. (pp. 16-20). London.2000. Ancient African Metallurgy: The Scio-Cultural Contex :