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Sample records for technology choice model

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: ParaChoice: Parametric Vehicle Choice Modeling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about ParaChoice:...

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ParaChoice: Parametric Vehicle Choice Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about parametric...

  3. Sparse choice models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farias, Vivek F.

    Choice models, which capture popular preferences over objects of interest, play a key role in making decisions whose eventual outcome is impacted by human choice behavior. In most scenarios, the choice model, which can ...

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Consumer-Segmented Vehicle Choice Modeling: the MA3T Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about consumer...

  5. Consumer Vehicle Choice Model Documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Changzheng; Greene, David L

    2012-08-01

    In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, “While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle.” Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.

  6. Nonparametric choice modeling : applications to operations management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagabathula, Srikanth

    2011-01-01

    With the recent explosion of choices available to us in every walk of our life, capturing the choice behavior exhibited by individuals has become increasingly important to many businesses. At the core, capturing choice ...

  7. Fairness hypothesis and managing the risks of societal technology choices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantor, R.; Rayner, S.

    1986-08-01

    Much of the literature on risk perception and management has asked how society should resolve the question, ''How safe is safe enough'' There has been political and technical disagreement over the types of answers that may be given, as well as over the social values attached to perceived probabilities and magnitudes of various outcomes. Despite controversy, there seems to have been a large measure of consensus that, ''How safe is safe enough'' is the right question to ask. This paper sets out to question that assumption. Various ingenious techniques of risk analysis have sought to discover the real risks inherent in various activities, but from a sociocultural viewpoint it can be seen that no single answer can be given to the problem of adequate safety in a complex society which contains a wide variety of perceptual biases about danger, expectations of the good life, and levels of demand for safety. The paper argues that, from a societal risk-management perspective, we should be addressing a different range of questions that views societal risk as a whole rather than as the sum of individual hazards. Resolving the question, ''How safe is safe enough'' is less important in making societal technology choices than ''How fair is safe enough.'' A recent empirical pilot study is reported which explored the fairness hypotheses in the context of nuclear power. The results indicate that the process of technology choice should recognize explicitly the preferred principles different parties hold with respect to obtaining consent from those affected by the risks, distributing the liabilities, and justifying trust in the relevant institutions. The paper closes with a discussion of future prospects for the fairness approach in areas such as noxious facility siting.

  8. A Nonparametric Approach to Modeling Choice with Limited Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farias, Vivek F.

    Choice models today are ubiquitous across a range of applications in operations and marketing. Real-world implementations of many of these models face the formidable stumbling block of simply identifying the “right” model ...

  9. Role of liability preferences in societal technology choices: results of a pilot study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantor, R.; Rayner, S.; Braid, B.

    1985-01-01

    At the 1984 Annual Meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis, Steve Rayner presented a paper that challenged the conventional wisdom of risk management research. In that paper, he argued that resolving the question, ''How safe is safe enough.'' is less important in making societal technology choices than ''How fair is safe enough.'' Adopting the fairness question as the concern of risk management would imply that the process of technology choice explicitly recognize the preferred principles different parties hold with respect to obtaining consent from those affected by the risks, distributing the liabilities, and justifying trust in the relevant institutions. This paper discusses a recent empirical pilot study which explored the fairness hypothesis in the context of nuclear power. Individual interviews and focus groups were conducted to examine whether or not preferred principles for liability distributions were consistent with those suggested by the cultural characteristics of the constituency. The results suggest that for this type of societal technology choice, violation of these preferred principles may be a major source of the conflict between different constituencies. Additionally, the study contributes towards the development of a new approach in risk management that combines the cultural model of risk perceptions with the decision-theoretic approaches found in economics and psychology.

  10. Postfeminist Technologies: Digital Media and the Culture Industries of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    to Jonathan Cohn. “Plastic Surgery Technology Questions,”to Jonathan Cohn, “Plastic Surgery Technology Questions,”markets its 3D imaging technology to plastic surgeons via

  11. A Data-Driven Approach to Modeling Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farias, Vivek F.

    2009-01-01

    We visit the following fundamental problem: For a 'generic' model of consumer choice (namely, distributions over preference lists) and a limited amount of data on how consumers actually make decisions (such as marginal ...

  12. A Plug-in Hybrid Consumer Choice Model with Detailed Market Segmentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL] [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a consumer choice model for projecting U.S. demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in competition among 13 light-duty vehicle technologies over the period 2005-2050. New car buyers are disaggregated by region, residential area, attitude toward technology risk, vehicle usage intensity, home parking and work recharging. The nested multinomial logit (NMNL) model of vehicle choice incorporates daily vehicle usage distributions, refueling and recharging availability, technology learning by doing, and diversity of choice among makes and models. Illustrative results are presented for a Base Case, calibrated to the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009 Reference Updated Case, and an optimistic technology scenario reflecting achievement of U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) FreedomCAR goals. PHEV market success is highly dependent on the degree of technological progress assumed. PHEV sales reach one million in 2037 in the Base Case but in 2020 in the FreedomCARGoals Case. In the FreedomCARGoals Case, PHEV cumulative sales reach 1.5 million by 2015. Together with efficiency improvements in other technologies, petroleum use in 2050 is reduced by about 45% from the 2005 level. After technological progress, PHEV s market success appears to be most sensitive to recharging availability, consumers attitudes toward novel echnologies, and vehicle usage intensity. Successful market penetration of PHEVs helps bring down battery costs for electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a significant EV market share after 2040.

  13. Postfeminist Technologies: Digital Media and the Culture Industries of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Digital Subjectivity Technology is essential to the transformationsdigital image technologies to present the body as a site of potential transformation –digital plenitude of seemingly endless information is just as much a force in this transformation.

  14. ENHANCING DISCRETE CHOICE DEMAND MODELING FOR DECISION-BASED DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    the Decision-Based Design framework. Even though demand modeling techniques exist in market research, little design, in particular that facilitates engineering decision-making. In market research, two major demand1 ENHANCING DISCRETE CHOICE DEMAND MODELING FOR DECISION-BASED DESIGN In Press of ASME Journal

  15. Applications of formal model choice to archaeological chronology building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahu, Sujit K

    Applications of formal model choice to archaeological chronology building Sujit K. Sahu, Faculty important than in the analysis and interpretation of chronological data, especially when information from several sources must be drawn together. Di#11;erent statistical models may, however, provide widely di#11

  16. A Statistical Model for Near-Synonym Choice DIANA INKPEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inkpen, Diana

    experiments in using supervised learning for this task. We present an application to an intelligent thesaurus, intelligent thesaurus ACM Reference Format: Inkpen, D. 2007. A statistical model for near-synonym choice. ACM applications. The first one is an intelligent thesaurus. A writer can access a thesaurus to retrieve words

  17. Human choice and climate change. Volume 2: Resources and technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.; Malone, E.L.

    1997-12-31

    Foreward: Preface; Introduction; The natural science of global climate change; Land and water use; Coastal zones and oceans; Energy and industry; Energy and social systems; Technological change; and Sponsoring organizations, International Advisory Board, and project participants.

  18. The fairness hypothesis and managing the risks of societal technology choices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantor, R.; Rayner, S.

    1987-01-01

    Much of the literature on risk perception and management published over the last few years has asked how society should resolve the question, ''How safe is safe enough.'' This paper argues that, from a societal risk-management perspective, we should be addressing a different range of questions that views societal risk as a whole rather than as the sum of individual hazards. Resolving the question, ''How safe is safe enough.'' is less important in making societal technology choices than ''How fair is safe enough.'' A recent empirical pilot study is reported which explored the fairness hypothesis in the context of nuclear power. The results indicate that the process of technology choice should recognize explicitly the preferred principles different parties hold with respect to obtaining consent from those affected by the risks, distributing the liabilities, and justifying trust in the relevant institutions. The paper closes with a discussion of future prospects for the fairness approach to areas such as noxious facility siting.

  19. A DISCRETE CHOICE PEDESTRIAN BEHAVIOR MODEL FOR PEDESTRIAN DETECTION IN VISUAL TRACKING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    A DISCRETE CHOICE PEDESTRIAN BEHAVIOR MODEL FOR PEDESTRIAN DETECTION IN VISUAL TRACKING SYSTEMS-based models. In this paper we propose the use of a discrete choice model (DCM) of pedestrian behavior and its application to the problem of the target detection in the particular case of pedestrian tracking. We analyze

  20. Choice modeling of relook tasks for UAV search missions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertuccelli, Luca F.

    This paper addresses human decision-making in supervisory control of a team of unmanned vehicles performing search missions. Previous work has proposed the use of a two-alternative choice framework, in which operators ...

  1. Destination Choice Model including panel data using WiFi localization in a pedestrian facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Destination Choice Model including panel data using WiFi localization in a pedestrian facility Loïc data using WiFi localization in a pedestrian facility April 2015 EPFL Destination Choice Model including panel data using WiFi localization in a pedestrian facility Loïc Tinguely, Antonin Danalet

  2. Modeling Decision of Choice Among Finite Alternative: Applications to Marketing and to Transportation Demand Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, John R.

    A methodology to improve the effectiveness of the design of innovation is proposed based on knowledge in the fields of psychometrics, utility theory and stochastic choice modeling. It is comprised of a consumer response ...

  3. Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    of space heating to air conditioning choice; 3) explicitthe presence of central air conditioning, it seems unwise tonot to have central air conditioning. Statistical evidence

  4. The Impact of Near-term Climate Policy Choices on Technology and Emissions Transition Pathways

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eom, Jiyong; Edmonds, James A.; Krey, Volker; Johnson, Nils; Longden, Thomas; Luderer, Gunnar; Riahi, Keywan; Van Vuuren, Detlef

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the implications of delays associated with currently formulated climate policies (compared to optimal policies) for long-term transition pathways to limit climate forcing to 450ppm CO2e on the basis of the AMPERE Work Package 2 model comparison study. The paper highlights the critical importance of the 2030-2050 period for ambitious mitigation strategies. In this period, the most rapid shift to non-greenhouse gas emitting technology occurs. In the delayed response emissions mitigation scenarios, an even faster transition rate in this period is required to compensate for the additional emissions before 2030. Our physical deployment measures indicate that, without CCS, technology deployment rates in the 2030-2050 period would become considerably high. Yet the presence of CCS greatly alleviates the challenges to the transition particularly after the delayed climate policies. The results also highlight the critical role that bioenergy and CO2 capture and storage (BECCS) could play. If this technology is available, transition pathways exceed the emissions budget in the mid-term, removing the excess with BECCS in the long term. Excluding either BE or CCS from the technology portfolio implies that emission reductions need to take place much earlier.

  5. Model choice considerations and information integration using analytical hierarchy process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langenbrunner, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Booker, Jane M [BOOKER SCIENTIFIC; Ross, Timothy J. [UNM

    2010-10-15

    Using the theory of information-gap for decision-making under severe uncertainty, it has been shown that model output compared to experimental data contains irrevocable trade-offs between fidelity-to-data, robustness-to-uncertainty and confidence-in-prediction. We illustrate a strategy for information integration by gathering and aggregating all available data, knowledge, theory, experience, similar applications. Such integration of information becomes important when the physics is difficult to model, when observational data are sparse or difficult to measure, or both. To aggregate the available information, we take an inference perspective. Models are not rejected, nor wasted, but can be integrated into a final result. We show an example of information integration using Saaty's Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), integrating theory, simulation output and experimental data. We used expert elicitation to determine weights for two models and two experimental data sets, by forming pair-wise comparisons between model output and experimental data. In this way we transform epistemic and/or statistical strength from one field of study into another branch of physical application. The price to pay for utilizing all available knowledge is that inferences drawn for the integrated information must be accounted for and the costs can be considerable. Focusing on inferences and inference uncertainty (IU) is one way to understand complex information.

  6. Understanding the Effect of Baseline Modeling Implementation Choices on Analysis of Demand Response Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    University of California, Berkeley; Addy, Nathan; Kiliccote, Sila; Mathieu, Johanna; Callaway, Duncan S.

    2012-06-13

    Accurate evaluation of the performance of buildings participating in Demand Response (DR) programs is critical to the adoption and improvement of these programs. Typically, we calculate load sheds during DR events by comparing observed electric demand against counterfactual predictions made using statistical baseline models. Many baseline models exist and these models can produce different shed calculations. Moreover, modelers implementing the same baseline model can make different modeling implementation choices, which may affect shed estimates. In this work, using real data, we analyze the effect of different modeling implementation choices on shed predictions. We focused on five issues: weather data source, resolution of data, methods for determining when buildings are occupied, methods for aligning building data with temperature data, and methods for power outage filtering. Results indicate sensitivity to the weather data source and data filtration methods as well as an immediate potential for automation of methods to choose building occupied modes.

  7. Modeling Solar Energy Technology Evolution breakout session ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modeling Solar Energy Technology Evolution breakout session Modeling Solar Energy Technology Evolution breakout session This presentation summarizes the information given on the...

  8. American black bear habitat selection in northern lower peninsula, Michigan, USA, using discrete-choice modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel G.

    data better than others; both indicated that locations of bears were negatively associated with water bear harvests, sightings, and nuisance reports. Policy makers and wildlife managers can prepare 1991­2000 for 20 males and 35 females. We developed Bayesian random effects discrete-choice models

  9. American black bear habitat selection in northern Lower Peninsula, Michigan, USA, using discrete-choice modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data better than others; both indicated that locations of bears were negatively associated with water bear harvests, sightings, and nuisance reports. Policy makers and wildlife managers can prepare 1991­2000 for 20 males and 35 females. We developed Bayesian random effects discrete-choice models

  10. Modeling the Choice of Residential Location and Home Type: Recent Movers in Austin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    -range travel demand forecasting [8]. Of course, residential mobility decisions are complex, involving variousModeling the Choice of Residential Location and Home Type: Recent Movers in Austin, Texas Khandker constrained by home availability across locations of the urban area. Thus, a focus simply on residential

  11. Modeling the choice to switch from fuelwood to electricity Implications for giant panda habitat conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lupi, Frank

    Dependence on fuelwood as the major energy source in rural areas of many developing countries has caused uses biomass fuels, accounting for 35% of the energy supplies in the developing countries (World BankANALYSIS Modeling the choice to switch from fuelwood to electricity Implications for giant panda

  12. Current Transportation Models Used in the Vehicle Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-04-06

    A summary of various transportation models (VISION, TRUCK, GREET, Oil Peaking Model, Feebate Model, Oil Security Metrics Model, ORNL PHEV Choice Model: Version 1, PSAT, PSAT-PRO,

  13. Technology choice and its performance: Towards a sociology of software package procurement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R.; Pollock, N

    2007-06-27

    Technology Acquisition is an important but neglected issue within the social science analysis of technology. The limited number of studies undertaken reproduce a schism between rationalist (e.g., economic) forms of ...

  14. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Model (GETEM) Development Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Development Project objective: Provide a tool for estimating the performance and...

  15. Conceptual design of an integrated technology model for carbon policy assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Backus, George A.; Dimotakes, Paul E.

    2011-01-01

    This report describes the conceptual design of a technology choice model for understanding strategies to reduce carbon intensity in the electricity sector. The report considers the major modeling issues affecting technology policy assessment and defines an implementable model construct. Further, the report delineates the basis causal structure of such a model and attempts to establish the technical/algorithmic viability of pursuing model development along with the associated analyses.

  16. Learning-by-Doing and the Choice of Technology: The Role of Patience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    . An agent who is less 1 #12;familiar with the existing technology has a lower opportunity cost of adopting technology and under the next best alternative, i.e. on the opportunity cost of adoption. The opportunity cost of adoption may be higher for the more advanced ¿rms, because of their pro¿ciency in using the old

  17. GETEM -Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    guide to providing input to GETEM, the Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model. GETEM is designed to help the Geothermal Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of...

  18. NEIGHBORHOOD CHOICE AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruch, Elizabeth; Mare, Robert D.

    2006-01-01

    Neighborhood Proportion Own-Group” Continuous Function Non-of Choice Proportion White Nonlinear Continuous Model 1976of Choice Proportion Black Nonlinear Continuous Model 1976

  19. Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    Substitution Residential Energy Demand Models," MIT EnergySubstitution in Residential Energy Demand," MIT Energythe Oak Ridge Residential Energy Demand Forecasting Model,

  20. History of Science, Technology, and Medicine Choose what you want to search from these choices.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). The default finds all the words entered and does not allow Boolean searching. 3. Use quotation marks are entered. A search for Euclidean geometry will have more results than and include the results of a searchHistory of Science, Technology, and Medicine Results Choose what you want to search from

  1. The impact of instrument choice on investment in abatement technologies: a case study of tax versus trade incentives for CCS and Biomass for electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laing, T.; Grubb, Michael

    opportunities for wider deployment of the technology, and may be externally funded, at least partially, through government support. CCS is an immature technology, in comparison with biomass for power, with greater uncertainty over costs and performance... K IN G P A P E R Abstract The impact of instrument choice on investment in abatement technologies: a case study of tax versus trade incentives for CCS and Biomass for electricity EPRG Working Paper 1004 Cambridge Working Paper...

  2. How fair is safe enough. The cultural approach to societal technology choice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.; Cantor, R.

    1987-03-01

    This paper consists of an argument and a pilot study. First is a general, perhaps philosophical, argument against the National Academy's viewpoint that dealing with risk is a two-stage process consisting of (a) assessment of facts, and (b) evaluation of facts in sociopolitical context. They argue that societal risk intrinsically revolves around social relations as much as around evaluations of probability. Second, they outline one particular approach to analyzing societal risk management styles. They call this the fairness hypothesis. Rather than focusing on probabilities and magnitudes of undesired events, this approach emphasizes societal preferences for principles of achieving consent to a technology, distributing liabilities, and investing trust in institutions. Conflict rather than probability is the chief focus of this approach to societal risk management. This view is illustrated by a recent empirical pilot study that explored the fairness hypothesis in the context of new nuclear technologies.

  3. Variation in Estimated Ozone-Related Health Impacts of Climate Change due to Modeling Choices and Assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Post, Ellen S.; Grambsch, A.; Weaver, C. P.; Morefield, Philip; Huang, Jin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Nolte, Christopher G.; Adams, P. J.; Liang, Xin-Zhong; Zhu, J.; Mahoney, Hardee

    2012-11-01

    Future climate change may cause air quality degradation via climate-induced changes in meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and emissions into the air. Few studies have explicitly modeled the potential relationships between climate change, air quality, and human health, and fewer still have investigated the sensitivity of estimates to the underlying modeling choices.

  4. Modeling TechnologyModeling Technology Innovation:Innovation: Uncertainties inUncertainties in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    costs and preferred technologies? #12;2 E.S. Rubin, Carnegie Mellon Focus on Innovation for technology for achieving climate change policy goals at the lowest cost, in conjunction with other mitigation1 Modeling TechnologyModeling Technology Innovation:Innovation: Uncertainties in

  5. Modeling Risk for SOD Nationwide: What Are the Effects of Model Choice on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    types of models generated from common input parameters, and investigate model agreement for distribution of risk for P. ramorum. We examine five models: (1) Rule-based, (2) Logistic regression, (3. Although theoretical in nature, the results of this paper have practical and applied value for managers

  6. Modeling and analysis of dynamic decision making in sequential two-choice tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is calculated, and thus needs to explore through a series of A and B using rewards as feedback. In this type is related to human factors such as personality. Human decision making in sequential two-choice tasks has

  7. Negotiating the neighborhood : modeling the relationship between built environment and transit choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chheda, Rinal (Rinal Komal)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the relationship between land use and built environment variables and peoples' mode choice for home-based work trips. Many studies recommend that factors like densification, mixed land use, optimal ...

  8. BEHAVIOURAL REALISM IN A TECHNOLOGY EXPLICIT ENERGY-ECONOMY MODEL: THE ADOPTION OF INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COGENERATION IN CANADA Prepared for: OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA Prepared by: NIC choice model was estimated from the results. The model showed that industrial cogeneration is a relatively unknown technology to many firms. Among those that were familiar with cogeneration, its high

  9. On modeling pollution-generating technologies July 22, 2010 On modeling pollution-generating technologies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    On modeling pollution-generating technologies July 22, 2010 On modeling pollution modeling pollution-generating technologies July 22, 2010 Abstract We distinguish between intended with respect to inputs and intended outputs that cause pollution. We derive implications from the phenomenon

  10. WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY? A Comparison with Biotech.genet@grenoble-em.com Website: www.nanoeconomics.eu Abstract. Nanotechnologies are often presented as breakthrough innovations. This article investigates the model of knowledge transfer in the nanotechnologies in depth, by comparing

  11. Modeling learning when alternative technologies are learning & resource constrained : cases In semiconductor & advanced automotive manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand-Nash, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    When making technology choice decisions, firms must consider technology costs over time. In many industries, technology costs have been shown to decrease over time due to (a) improvements in production efficiency and the ...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Alternative Fuel Market Development Program- Forwarding Wisconsin’s Fuel Choice

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Wisconsin Department of Administration at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  13. Multi-core Technologies Model Design and System Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albanese, Claudio

    Multi-core Technologies Model Design and System Architecture Conclusions High Performance Pricing-core Technologies Model Design and System Architecture Conclusions Summary Multi-core Technologies Model Design Model Design and System Architecture Conclusions Banking, Mathematics and Technology Modern banking

  14. The impact of computer technology on language choice and CMC practice: A study of Instant Messaging in Hong Kong 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIN, Pik-Yan

    2008-01-01

    Research on computer-mediated communication (CMC) has moved from the linguistic aspect to the sociolinguistic dimension in order to understand how human linguistic behaviour is influenced by the availability of new technology. ...

  15. Fact #814: January 27, 2014 More Choices when Buying Vehicles that Use Advanced Technology and Alternative Fuels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The number of models and types of alternative fuel vehicles produced by manufacturers has varied considerably over the last 22 years. In 1991, there were a total of 19 models available that did not...

  16. Institute for Software Technology Model-Based Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    t Institute for Software Technology Model-Based Testing Ausgewählte Kapitel Softwaretechnologie 2 2013/14 B.K. Aichernig Model-Based Testing 1 / 38 #12;t Institute for Software Technology Testing-Based Testing 2 / 38 #12;t Institute for Software Technology Testing vs. Model Checking vs. Proving One proves

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Emissions Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Modeling: GREET Life Cycle Analysis Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Emissions Modeling: GREET Life Cycle Analysis Presentation given by Argonne National...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Emissions Modeling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Modeling: GREET Life Cycle Analysis Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Emissions Modeling: GREET Life Cycle Analysis Presentation given by Argonne National...

  19. Modeling Field-level Irrigation Demands with Changing Weather and Crop Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MardanDoost, Babak

    2015-05-31

    . The presented water budget model is capable of estimate daily water demand over space and time under predicted climate and land-use change. The model-predicted irrigation demand was developed based on crop-specific evapotranspiration, weather data, and with 2007...

  20. A Micro-foundations Model of Dollarization with Network Externalities and Portfolio Choice: The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -in°ationary Bolivia and Peru to be well explained by standard `portfolio balance' variables. The primary aim of value, unit of account and/or medium of exchange. Naive models predict that the process would

  1. Modeling Solar Energy Technology Evolution breakout session

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Evolution What is a question we could ask about technology evolution, which when answered could yield deep insight into how to spur innovation? Introductory question...

  2. Understanding Geographical Markets of Online Firms Using Spatial Models of Customer Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jank, Wolfgang

    structure into models of aggregate demand/sales (Bronnenberg and Mahajan 2001; Bronnenberg and Sismeiro 2002 response variables/parameters of interest vary across geographical markets by incorporating spatial, service, order-of-entry, etc.) but also variations in demand side factors (geographical characteristics

  3. Investigating the Effect of Damage Progression Model Choice on Prognostics Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daigle, Matthew

    evidence or physics-based analysis. In this paper, using a centrifugal pump as a case study, we develop changes as wear and damage processes oc- cur (Luo, Pattipati, Qiao, & Chigusa, 2008; Saha & Goebel, 2009 a centrifugal pump as a case study with which to explore the impact of model quality on prognos- tics

  4. CFD Modeling for Mercury Control Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madsen, J.I.

    2006-12-01

    Compliance with the Clean Air Mercury Rule will require implementation of dedicated mercury control solutions at a significant portion of the U.S. coal-fired utility fleet. Activated Carbon Injection (ACI) upstream of a particulate control device (ESP or baghouse) remains one of the most promising near-term mercury control technologies. The DOE/NETL field testing program has advanced the understanding of mercury control by ACI, but a persistent need remains to develop predictive models that may improve the understanding and practical implementation of this technology. This presentation describes the development of an advanced model of in-flight mercury capture based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The model makes detailed predictions of the induct spatial distribution and residence time of sorbent, as well as predictions of mercury capture efficiency for particular sorbent flow rates and injection grid configurations. Hence, CFD enables cost efficient optimization of sorbent injection systems for mercury control to a degree that would otherwise be impractical both for new and existing plants. In this way, modeling tools may directly address the main cost component of operating an ACI system – the sorbent expense. A typical 300 MW system is expected to require between $1 and $2 million of sorbent per year, and so even modest reductions (say 10-20%) in necessary sorbent feed injection rates will quickly make any optimization effort very worthwhile. There are few existing models of mercury capture, and these typically make gross assumptions of plug gas flow, zero velocity slip between particle and gas phase, and uniform sorbent dispersion. All of these assumptions are overcome with the current model, which is based on first principles and includes mass transfer processes occurring at multiple scales, ranging from the large-scale transport in the duct to transport within the porous structure of a sorbent particle. In principle any single one of these processes could limit the overall capture of mercury. For example, capture may be severely limited in situations where the dispersion of sorbent is poor, or where adsorption rates are low because of relatively high temperatures. Application examples taken from the DOE/NETL field test program were considered. The sites considered include Brayton Point, Meramec, Monroe, and Yates. Some general lessons learned concerning the impact of turbulence and flow stratification on dispersion and capture will be presented.

  5. Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models for Climate Change Assessment Jennifer F. Morris: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;1 Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models is applied to a global economy-wide model to study the roles of low-carbon alternatives in the power sector

  6. Wind Technology Modeling Within the System Advisor Model (SAM) (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, N.; Dobos, A.; Ferguson, T.; Freeman, J.; Gilman, P.; Whitmore, J.

    2014-05-01

    This poster provides detail for implementation and the underlying methodology for modeling wind power generation performance in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) System Advisor Model (SAM). SAM's wind power model allows users to assess projects involving one or more large or small wind turbines with any of the detailed options for residential, commercial, or utility financing. The model requires information about the wind resource, wind turbine specifications, wind farm layout (if applicable), and costs, and provides analysis to compare the absolute or relative impact of these inputs. SAM is a system performance and economic model designed to facilitate analysis and decision-making for project developers, financers, policymakers, and energy researchers. The user pairs a generation technology with a financing option (residential, commercial, or utility) to calculate the cost of energy over the multi-year project period. Specifically, SAM calculates the value of projects which buy and sell power at retail rates for residential and commercial systems, and also for larger-scale projects which operate through a power purchase agreement (PPA) with a utility. The financial model captures complex financing and rate structures, taxes, and incentives.

  7. Modeling and simulation technology readiness levels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clay, Robert L.; Shneider, Max S.; Marburger, S. J.; Trucano, Timothy Guy

    2006-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of an effort to establish a framework for assigning and communicating technology readiness levels (TRLs) for the modeling and simulation (ModSim) capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories. This effort was undertaken as a special assignment for the Weapon Simulation and Computing (WSC) program office led by Art Hale, and lasted from January to September 2006. This report summarizes the results, conclusions, and recommendations, and is intended to help guide the program office in their decisions about the future direction of this work. The work was broken out into several distinct phases, starting with establishing the scope and definition of the assignment. These are characterized in a set of key assertions provided in the body of this report. Fundamentally, the assignment involved establishing an intellectual framework for TRL assignments to Sandia's modeling and simulation capabilities, including the development and testing of a process to conduct the assignments. To that end, we proposed a methodology for both assigning and understanding the TRLs, and outlined some of the restrictions that need to be placed on this process and the expected use of the result. One of the first assumptions we overturned was the notion of a ''static'' TRL--rather we concluded that problem context was essential in any TRL assignment, and that leads to dynamic results (i.e., a ModSim tool's readiness level depends on how it is used, and by whom). While we leveraged the classic TRL results from NASA, DoD, and Sandia's NW program, we came up with a substantially revised version of the TRL definitions, maintaining consistency with the classic level definitions and the Predictive Capability Maturity Model (PCMM) approach. In fact, we substantially leveraged the foundation the PCMM team provided, and augmented that as needed. Given the modeling and simulation TRL definitions and our proposed assignment methodology, we conducted four ''field trials'' to examine how this would work in practice. The results varied substantially, but did indicate that establishing the capability dependencies and making the TRL assignments was manageable and not particularly time consuming. The key differences arose in perceptions of how this information might be used, and what value it would have (opinions ranged from negative to positive value). The use cases and field trial results are included in this report. Taken together, the results suggest that we can make reasonably reliable TRL assignments, but that using those without the context of the information that led to those results (i.e., examining the measures suggested by the PCMM table, and extended for ModSim TRL purposes) produces an oversimplified result--that is, you cannot really boil things down to just a scalar value without losing critical information.

  8. Disruptive technology business models in cloud computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krikos, Alexis Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Cloud computing, a term whose origins have been in existence for more than a decade, has come into fruition due to technological capabilities and marketplace demands. Cloud computing can be defined as a scalable and flexible ...

  9. Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidball, R.; Bluestein, J.; Rodriguez, N.; Knoke, S.

    2010-11-01

    The goal of this project was to compare and contrast utility scale power plant characteristics used in data sets that support energy market models. Characteristics include both technology cost and technology performance projections to the year 2050. Cost parameters include installed capital costs and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. Performance parameters include plant size, heat rate, capacity factor or availability factor, and plant lifetime. Conventional, renewable, and emerging electricity generating technologies were considered. Six data sets, each associated with a different model, were selected. Two of the data sets represent modeled results, not direct model inputs. These two data sets include cost and performance improvements that result from increased deployment as well as resulting capacity factors estimated from particular model runs; other data sets represent model input data. For the technologies contained in each data set, the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) was also evaluated, according to published cost, performance, and fuel assumptions.

  10. 201202 Reservoir System Modeling Technologies Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling Applied To The Columbia River - PSR Adjoint Modeling Framework for Real-Time Control of Water - Deltares Reservoir Operations Analysis in the Willamette Water 2100...

  11. Technology and Technical Change in the MIT EPPA Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Henry D.

    Potential technology change has a strong influence on projections of greenhouse gas emissions and costs of control, and computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a common device for studying these phenomena. Using ...

  12. Energyenvironment policy modeling of endogenous technological change with personal vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - producing activity (notably fossil fuel consumption) and the level of emissions. They define abatement cost-down modelers focus on estimating aggregate price­quan- tity relationships between the cost of emission to acquiring low-GHG technologies and top- down modelers suggesting price-based policies like taxes

  13. NREL: Technology Deployment - Models and Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial ToolkitSMARTS - SimpleProject:DeploymentMicrogridModels

  14. Quality Competition, Insurance, and Consumer Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Thomas P.

    to lock in market share via managed-care plans with less choice and lower prices. As technology becomes managed care. 1. Introduction Health economists largely agree that the key driver of health care costs care payment plans. The interplay of technology, insur- ance, quality of care, and cost containment has

  15. Analysis of the benefits of designing and implementing a virtual didactic model of multiple choice exam and problem-solving heuristic report, for first year engineering students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennun, Leonardo

    2015-01-01

    Improvements in performance and approval obtained by first year engineering students from University of Concepcion, Chile, were studied, once a virtual didactic model of multiple-choice exam, was implemented. This virtual learning resource was implemented in the Web ARCO platform and allows training, by facing test models comparable in both time and difficulty to those that they will have to solve during the course. It also provides a feedback mechanism for both: 1) The students, since they can verify the level of their knowledge. Once they have finished the simulations, they can access a complete problem-solving heuristic report of each problem; 2) The teachers, since they can obtain information about the habits of the students in their strategies of preparation; and they also can diagnose the weaknesses of the students prior to the exam. This study indicates how this kind of preparation generates substantial improvements on the approval rates by allowing the students: 1) A more structured and oriented syste...

  16. Future Choices 1 Running head: EFFECT OF FUTURE CHOICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future Choices 1 Running head: EFFECT OF FUTURE CHOICES The Effect of Highlighting Future Choices on Current Preferences Uzma Khan Carnegie Mellon University Ravi Dhar Yale School of Management #12;Future future choices rather than as an isolated choice. Our finding contrasts with the general wisdom

  17. Legal Issues and Risks Associated with Building Information Modeling Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Leon Lewis

    2008-07-22

    International Alliance for Interoperability IFC Industry Foundation Classes IPD Integrated Project Delivery NIBS National Institute of Building Standards NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology VDC Virtual Design and Construction 1 CHAPTER 1... to generate cost and schedule savings. BIM is expected to drive the construction industry towards a ?model based? process and gradually move the industry away from a ?2D Based? process. 1.3 DEFINITION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF BIM BIM is not merely a 3D...

  18. AN INTEGRATED MODELING FRAMEWORK FOR CARBON MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anand B. Rao; Edward S. Rubin; Michael B. Berkenpas

    2004-03-01

    CO{sub 2} capture and storage (CCS) is gaining widespread interest as a potential method to control greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel sources, especially electric power plants. Commercial applications of CO{sub 2} separation and capture technologies are found in a number of industrial process operations worldwide. Many of these capture technologies also are applicable to fossil fuel power plants, although applications to large-scale power generation remain to be demonstrated. This report describes the development of a generalized modeling framework to assess alternative CO{sub 2} capture and storage options in the context of multi-pollutant control requirements for fossil fuel power plants. The focus of the report is on post-combustion CO{sub 2} capture using amine-based absorption systems at pulverized coal-fired plants, which are the most prevalent technology used for power generation today. The modeling framework builds on the previously developed Integrated Environmental Control Model (IECM). The expanded version with carbon sequestration is designated as IECM-cs. The expanded modeling capability also includes natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants and integrated coal gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems as well as pulverized coal (PC) plants. This report presents details of the performance and cost models developed for an amine-based CO{sub 2} capture system, representing the baseline of current commercial technology. The key uncertainties and variability in process design, performance and cost parameters which influence the overall cost of carbon mitigation also are characterized. The new performance and cost models for CO{sub 2} capture systems have been integrated into the IECM-cs, along with models to estimate CO{sub 2} transport and storage costs. The CO{sub 2} control system also interacts with other emission control technologies such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems for SO{sub 2} control. The integrated model is applied to study the feasibility and cost of carbon capture and sequestration at both new and existing PC plants as well as new NGCC plants. The cost of CO{sub 2} avoidance using amine-based CO{sub 2} capture technology is found to be sensitive to assumptions about the reference plant design and operation, as well as assumptions about the CO{sub 2} capture system design. The case studies also reveal multi-pollutant interactions and potential tradeoffs in the capture of CO{sub 2}, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub 2} and NH{sub 3}. The potential for targeted R&D to reduce the cost of CO{sub 2} capture also is explored using the IECM-cs in conjunction with expert elicitations regarding potential improvements in key performance and cost parameters of amine-based systems. The results indicate that the performance of amine-based CO{sub 2} capture systems can be improved significantly, and the cost of CO{sub 2} capture reduced substantially over the next decade or two, via innovations such as new or improved sorbents with lower regeneration heat requirements, and improvements in power plant heat integration to reduce the (currently large) energy penalty of CO{sub 2} capture. Future work will explore in more detail a broader set of advanced technology options to lower the costs of CO{sub 2} capture and storage. Volume 2 of this report presents a detailed User's Manual for the IECM-cs computer model as a companion to the technical documentation in Volume 1.

  19. Modeling the Benefits of Storage Technologies to Wind Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, P.; Short, W.; Blair, N.

    2008-06-01

    Rapid expansion of wind power in the electricity sector is raising questions about how wind resource variability might affect the capacity value of wind farms at high levels of penetration. Electricity storage, with the capability to shift wind energy from periods of low demand to peak times and to smooth fluctuations in output, may have a role in bolstering the value of wind power at levels of penetration envisioned by a new Department of Energy report ('20% Wind by 2030, Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply'). This paper quantifies the value storage can add to wind. The analysis was done employing the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model, formerly known as the Wind Deployment System (WinDS) model. ReEDS was used to estimate the cost and development path associated with 20% penetration of wind in the report. ReEDS differs from the WinDS model primarily in that the model has been modified to include the capability to build and use three storage technologies: pumped-hydroelectric storage (PHS), compressed-air energy storage (CAES), and batteries. To assess the value of these storage technologies, two pairs of scenarios were run: business-as-usual, with and without storage; 20% wind energy by 2030, with and without storage. This paper presents the results from those model runs.

  20. System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After;System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies Developing new aftertreatment technologies to meet emission regulations for diesel engines is a growing

  1. Environmental Modeling & ISSN 1420-2026

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The method included (1) data collection of key technology market shares, capital costs, and operating costs models attempt to combine the technological explicitness of bottom-up models with the macroeconomic estimation of behavioral parameters (portraying firm and household technology choices) with such models

  2. CCSI Technology Readiness Levels Likelihood Model (TRL-LM) User’s Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Sivaramakrishnan, Chandrika; Lansing, Carina

    2013-03-26

    This is the manual for the Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (CCSI) Technology Readiness Level Likelihood model based on PNNL velo.

  3. Technology and U.S. Emissions Reductions Goals: Results of the EMF 24 Modeling Exercise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, Leon E.; Fawcett, Allen; Weyant, John; McFarland, Jim; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Zhou, Yuyu

    2014-09-01

    This paper discusses Technology and U.S. Emissions Reductions Goals: Results of the EMF 24 Modeling Exercise

  4. Refining and Extending the Business Model with Information Technology: Dell Computer Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraemer, Kenneth L; Dedrick, Jason; Yamashiro, Sandra

    1999-01-01

    of Dell’s Direct Business Model Fuels Fifteenth ConsecutiveAND EXTENDING THE REFINING AND EXTENDING THE BUSINESS MODELBUSINESS MODEL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

  5. Resistive Bridge Fault Model Evolution From Conventional to Ultra Deep Submicron Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polian, Ilia

    Resistive Bridge Fault Model Evolution From Conventional to Ultra Deep Submicron Technologies Ilia three resistive bridging fault models valid for dif- ferent CMOS technologies. The models. The second model is obtained by fitting SPICE data. The third resistive bridging fault model uses Berkeley

  6. ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES J. R. Mc of carbon capture and sequestration technologies as applied to electric generating plants. The MIT Emissions, is used to model carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies based on a natural gas combined cycle

  7. Visual Tracking via Adaptive Structural Local Sparse Appearance Model Dalian University of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Ming-Hsuan

    Visual Tracking via Adaptive Structural Local Sparse Appearance Model Xu Jia Dalian University of Technology jiaxu1986@mail.dlut.edu.cn Huchuan Lu Dalian University of Technology lhchuan@dlut.edu.cn Ming

  8. Robust Object Tracking via Sparsity-based Collaborative Model Dalian University of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Ming-Hsuan

    Robust Object Tracking via Sparsity-based Collaborative Model Wei Zhong Dalian University of Technology zhongwei@mail.dlut.edu.cn Huchuan Lu Dalian University of Technology lhchuan@dlut.edu.cn Ming

  9. Advanced Technologies in Energy-Economy Models for Climate Change Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, J.F.

    Considerations regarding the roles of advanced technologies are crucial in energy-economic modeling, as these technologies, while usually not yet commercially viable, could substitute for fossil energy when relevant policies ...

  10. Representing energy technologies in top-down economic models using bottom-up information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarland, James R.; Reilly, John M.; Herzog, Howard J.

    This paper uses bottom-up engineering information as a basis for modeling new technologies within the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. ...

  11. Web 2.0 Wiki technology : enabling technologies, community behaviors, and successful business techniques and models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidi, Ilana

    2007-01-01

    Many technologies fall under the umbrella of what is commonly known as "Web 2.0," including the Wiki, a software product which allows multiple users to review and edit documents online. Like all Web 2.0 technologies, Wikis ...

  12. Model for a web-based hospital technology management system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Niranjana

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this project is to design a hospital technology management system that is web-based. Technology management may be defined as 'an accountable, systematic approach to ensure that cost-effective, efficacious, safe and appropriate...

  13. Economic Modeling of Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -617-253-6609) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Room E52-444 50 Memorial Drive Cambridge, MA 02139 ABSTRACT) technologies. The CCS technologies are based on a natural gas combined cycle plant and an integrated coal gasification combined cycle plant. Additionally, the role of natural gas combined cycle plants without capture

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Coupled Hierarchical Models for Thermal, Mechanical, Electrical and Electrochemical Processes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about coupled hierarchical models...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Model Development and Analysis of Clean & Efficient Engine Combustion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about model...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Atomistic models of LMRNMC Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about atomistic models...

  17. An Enterprise Decision Model for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    engineering simulation to provide a preliminary understanding of the technology's market and design potentialAn Enterprise Decision Model for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation by Adam B. Cooper for Optimal Vehicle Design and Technology Valuation by Adam B. Cooper Chair: Panos Y. Papalambros Design

  18. Industrial validation models 1 4/23/03 Experimental validation of new software technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelkowitz, Marvin V.

    Industrial validation models 1 4/23/03 Experimental validation of new software technology Marvin V When to apply a new technology in an organization is a critical decision for every software development organization. Earlier work defines a set of methods that the research community uses when a new technology

  19. Technolog

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    focuses on multi-scale, multiphysics approaches to understanding natural systems, "engineering the earth" with sensing and drilling technologies and characterizing geomaterials...

  20. Project Profile: An Emergent Model of Technology Adoption for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the solar strategies of electric utility companies to achieve maximum impact. Motivation The diffusion of solar energy technologies is affected as much by policy and...

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Unified Modeling...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

  2. Hydrogen Technology Analysis: H2A Production Model Update (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsden, T.

    2007-05-15

    This presentation by Todd Ramsden at the 2007 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review Meeting provides information about NREL's hydrogen technology analysis activities.

  3. Networking technology adoption : system dynamics modeling of fiber-to-the-home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelic, Andjelka, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    A system dynamics model is developed and run to study the adoption of fiber-to-the-home as a residential broadband technology. Communities that currently do not have broadband in the United States are modeled. This case ...

  4. Predicting Response to Political Blog Posts with Topic Models Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, William W.

    Predicting Response to Political Blog Posts with Topic Models Tae Yano Language Technologies Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA nasmith@cs.cmu.edu Abstract In this paper we model discussions in online po- litical weblogs (blogs). To do this, we extend La

  5. Emerging Energy-Efficient Technologies in Buildings Technology Characterizations for Energy Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, SW

    2004-10-11

    The energy use in America's commercial and residential building sectors is large and growing. Over 38 quadrillion Btus (Quads) of primary energy were consumed in 2002, representing 39% of total U.S. energy consumption. While the energy use in buildings is expected to grow to 52 Quads by 2025, a large number of energy-related technologies exist that could curtail this increase. In recent years, improvements in such items as high efficiency refrigerators, compact fluorescent lights, high-SEER air conditioners, and improved building shells have all contributed to reducing energy use. Hundreds of other technology improvements have and will continue to improve the energy use in buildings. While many technologies are well understood and are gradually penetrating the market, more advanced technologies will be introduced in the future. The pace and extent of these advances can be improved through state and federal R&D. This report focuses on the long-term potential for energy-efficiency improvement in buildings. Five promising technologies have been selected for description to give an idea of the wide range of possibilities. They address the major areas of energy use in buildings: space conditioning (33% of building use), water heating (9%), and lighting (16%). Besides describing energy-using technologies (solid-state lighting and geothermal heat pumps), the report also discusses energy-saving building shell improvements (smart roofs) and the integration of multiple energy service technologies (CHP packaged systems and triple function heat pumps) to create synergistic savings. Finally, information technologies that can improve the efficiency of building operations are discussed. The report demonstrates that the United States is not running out of technologies to improve energy efficiency and economic and environmental performance, and will not run out in the future. The five technology areas alone can potentially result in total primary energy savings of between 2 and 4.2 Quads by 2025, or 3.8% to 8.1% of the total commercial and residential energy use by 2025 (52 Quads). Many other technologies will contribute to additional potential for energy-efficiency improvement, while the technical potential of these five technologies on the long term is even larger.

  6. Results and Comparison from the SAM Linear Fresnel Technology Performance Model: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.

    2012-04-01

    This paper presents the new Linear Fresnel technology performance model in NREL's System Advisor Model. The model predicts the financial and technical performance of direct-steam-generation Linear Fresnel power plants, and can be used to analyze a range of system configurations. This paper presents a brief discussion of the model formulation and motivation, and provides extensive discussion of the model performance and financial results. The Linear Fresnel technology is also compared to other concentrating solar power technologies in both qualitative and quantitative measures. The Linear Fresnel model - developed in conjunction with the Electric Power Research Institute - provides users with the ability to model a variety of solar field layouts, fossil backup configurations, thermal receiver designs, and steam generation conditions. This flexibility aims to encompass current market solutions for the DSG Linear Fresnel technology, which is seeing increasing exposure in fossil plant augmentation and stand-alone power generation applications.

  7. Examining pervasive technology practices in schools : a mental models approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaikakul, Savalai, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Studies of computers and education have failed to account for the relevance and importance of tacit assumptions and unquestioned expectations that underlie educational technology practices. A major premise of this dissertation ...

  8. PV technology differences and discrepancies in modelling between...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sensitivity and limitations of present and alternative PV models The sensitivity and limitations of present and alternative PV models Steve Ransome - Independent PV Consultant,...

  9. Editor's Choice Editor's Choice: Crop Genome Plasticity and Its Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    . The term GE is preferred over the term "genetically modified" (commonly referred to as GMEditor's Choice Editor's Choice: Crop Genome Plasticity and Its Relevance to Food and Feed Safety of Genetically Engineered Breeding Stacks1 Genetically engineered (GE) stacks, combinations of two or more single

  10. Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel ProductionRecoverable15/2008Technologies Technologies

  11. Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnology /newsroom/_assets/images/s-icon.png Technology

  12. Model for a web based medical technology assessment system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabhu, Gopal

    1999-01-01

    would be able to compare and contrast existing medical technology. A central web site will be designed which clinical engineers/biomedical technicians can access. This web site will be used to interact with the database. When queried it will return HTML...

  13. The Future of Connective Technology: Greater Integration through Semantic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur and a master's degree in logistics from MIT. #12 to significant improvements in productivity, especially in the areas of logistics, supply chain management of Director, Affiliates Program in Logistics at the MIT Center for Transportation and Logistics

  14. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy community, and to collect information to help identify ways in which the development of a commercially viable marine energy industry can be accelerated. The workshop was comprised of plenary sessions that reviewed the state of the marine energy industry.

  15. Essays on the Evolution of Health Care Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodgson, Ashley Renee

    2011-01-01

    more tools for evaluating technology cost—effectiveness ifDiscourage Investment in Therapeutic Technology? 5 2.12008, “Input and Technology Choices in Regulated Indus-

  16. Utilizing spatial technologies to understand and model wildlife species distributions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugherty, Brad Ellis

    2000-01-01

    The objective of this study was to utilize Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing, and the Global Positioning System (GPS) to develop and test an environmental model. The model was designed to predict, based ...

  17. Watt-Sun: A Multi-Scale, Multi-Model, Machine-Learning Solar Forecasting Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of this project, new solar forecasting technology will be developed that leverages big data processing, deep machine learning, and cloud modeling integrated in a universal platform with an...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about validation of material models...

  19. Estimating the Market Penetration of Residential Cool Storage Technology Using Economic Cost Modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weijo, R. O.; and Brown, D. R.

    1988-01-01

    This study estimated the market penetration for residential cool storage technology using economic cost modeling. Residential cool storage units produce and store chill during off-peak periods of the day to be used during times of peak electric...

  20. Geospatial Science and Technology for Bioenergy Modeling the Sustainability of the National Bioenergy Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geospatial Science and Technology for Bioenergy Modeling the Sustainability of the National sensing, and geospatial data services. With High Performance Computing (HPC), global geospatial data: · Feasibility of sustainably producing biofuels · Reliability of biofuel production and distribution · Security

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: BatPaC Model Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about BatPaC model...

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Technical Cost Modeling for Vehicle Lightweighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by IBIS Associates at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about technical cost modeling for...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Modeling for Light and Heavy Vehicle Market Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Energetics at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about modeling for light and heavy...

  4. Technology detail in a multi-sector CGE model : transport under climate policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schafer, Andreas.

    A set of three analytical models is used to study the imbedding of specific transport technologies within a multi-sector, multi-region evaluation of constraints on greenhouse emissions. Key parameters of a computable general ...

  5. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation,

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Electrochemical Modeling of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobs SearchWater-SavingofCode&TechnologyDensityLMR-NMC

  7. Decision Analysis Science Modeling for Application and Fielding Selection Applied to Concrete Decontamination Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebadian, M.A. Ross, T.L.

    1998-01-01

    Concrete surfaces contaminated with radionuclides present a significant challenge during the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) process. As structures undergo D and D, coating layers and/or surface layers of the concrete containing the contaminants must be removed for disposal in such a way as to present little to no risk to human health or the environment. The selection of a concrete decontamination technology that is safe, efficient, and cost-effective is critical to the successful D and D of contaminated sites. To support U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management objectives and to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the best-suited concrete floor decontamination technology(s) for a given site, two innovative and three baseline technologies have been assessed under standard, non-nuclear conditions at the Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU). The innovative technologies assessed include the Pegasus Coating Removal System and Textron's Electro-Hydraulic Scabbling System. The three baseline technologies assessed include: the Wheelabrator Blastrac model 1-15D, the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model GPx-1O-18 HO Rider, and the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model EC-7-2. These decontamination technology assessments provide directly comparable performance data that have previously been available for only a limited number of technologies under restrictive site-specific constraints. Some of the performance data collected during these technology assessments include: removal capability, production rate, removal gap, primary and secondary waste volumes, and operation and maintenance requirements. The performance data generated by this project is intended to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the safest, most efficient, and cost-effective decontamination technologies to accomplish their remediation objectives.

  8. The Quantitative Genetics of Mate Choice Evolution: Theory and Empiricism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratterman, Nicholas 1981-

    2012-11-15

    emerged. From a theoretical standpoint, the nature of the genetic covariance built up by the process of mate choice has received considerable attention, though the models still make biologically unrealistic assumptions. Empirically, the difficulty...

  9. Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexico IndependentMatter and Technologies R&D

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Emissions Modeling: GREET

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReport FY 2009,BiofuelsLetEnergy Vehicle Technologies OfficeforLife

  11. Advanced Methods for Incorporating Solar Energy Technologies into Electric Sector Capacity-Expansion Models: Literature Review and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, P.; Eurek, K.; Margolis, R.

    2014-07-01

    Because solar power is a rapidly growing component of the electricity system, robust representations of solar technologies should be included in capacity-expansion models. This is a challenge because modeling the electricity system--and, in particular, modeling solar integration within that system--is a complex endeavor. This report highlights the major challenges of incorporating solar technologies into capacity-expansion models and shows examples of how specific models address those challenges. These challenges include modeling non-dispatchable technologies, determining which solar technologies to model, choosing a spatial resolution, incorporating a solar resource assessment, and accounting for solar generation variability and uncertainty.

  12. Autotuning programs with algorithmic choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansel, Jason (Jason Andrew)

    2014-01-01

    The process of optimizing programs and libraries, both for performance and quality of service, can be viewed as a search problem over the space of implementation choices. This search is traditionally manually conducted by ...

  13. Waste generation process modeling and analysis for fuel reprocessing technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kornreich, D. E. (Drew E.); Koehler, A. C. (Andrew C.); Farman, Richard F.

    2002-01-01

    Estimates of electric power generation requirements for the next century, even when taking the most conservative tack, indicate that the United States will have to increase its production capacity significantly. If the country determines that nuclear power will not be a significant component of this production capacity, the nuclear industry will have to die, as maintaining a small nuclear component will not be justifiable. However, if nuclear power is to be a significant component, it will probably require some form of reprocessing technology. The once-through fuel cycle is only feasible for a relatively small number of nuclear power plants. If we are maintaining several hundred reactors, the once-through fuel cycle is more expensive and ethically questionable.

  14. Enrichment Talk -The Biotech Company in the 21st New Models and Strategies for developing Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technologies covered with the digital and supercomputing age has spawned new opportunities in the biotech arena sectors and new models for growth and development of science and technology - how entrepreneurship and commercialization - introduce both theory and practice, new models for commercialization of science and technology

  15. A Model of Marketing Oriented Corporate Culture Influences on Information Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Model of Marketing Oriented Corporate Culture Influences on Information Technology Adoption Kofi-9792; kofi.poku@kodak.com 2 Richard P. Vlosky, Ph.D, Professor, Forest Products Marketing and Director a model to investigate the influence of corporate orientation (marketing orientation) on Internet adoption

  16. Modeling Energy Use and Technological Change for Policy Makers: Campbell Watkins'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    31 Modeling Energy Use and Technological Change for Policy Makers: Campbell Watkins' Contribution to Campbell, I survey the last 30 years of modeling energy use for assisting policy makers, an area where his buys more efficient fridges, we use less energy. We have substituted capital (in the form

  17. SpaceWire model development technology for satellite architecture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eldridge, John M.; Leemaster, Jacob Edward; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.

    2011-09-01

    Packet switched data communications networks that use distributed processing architectures have the potential to simplify the design and development of new, increasingly more sophisticated satellite payloads. In addition, the use of reconfigurable logic may reduce the amount of redundant hardware required in space-based applications without sacrificing reliability. These concepts were studied using software modeling and simulation, and the results are presented in this report. Models of the commercially available, packet switched data interconnect SpaceWire protocol were developed and used to create network simulations of data networks containing reconfigurable logic with traffic flows for timing system distribution.

  18. Argonne National Laboratory Smart Grid Technology Interactive Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ted Bohn

    2009-10-13

    As our attention turns to new cars that run partially or completely on electricity, how can we redesign our electric grid to not only handle the new load, but make electricity cheap and efficient for everyone? Argonne engineer Ted Bohn explains a model of a "smart grid" that gives consumers the power to choose their own prices and sources of electricity.

  19. Argonne National Laboratory Smart Grid Technology Interactive Model

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ted Bohn

    2010-01-08

    As our attention turns to new cars that run partially or completely on electricity, how can we redesign our electric grid to not only handle the new load, but make electricity cheap and efficient for everyone? Argonne engineer Ted Bohn explains a model of a "smart grid" that gives consumers the power to choose their own prices and sources of electricity.

  20. High Cost/High Risk Components to Chalcogenide Molded Lens Model: Molding Preforms and Mold Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernacki, Bruce E.

    2012-10-05

    This brief report contains a critique of two key components of FiveFocal's cost model for glass compression molding of chalcogenide lenses for infrared applications. Molding preforms and mold technology have the greatest influence on the ultimate cost of the product and help determine the volumes needed to select glass molding over conventional single-point diamond turning or grinding and polishing. This brief report highlights key areas of both technologies with recommendations for further study.

  1. Modeling Solar Energy Technology Evolution breakout session | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecialAPPENDIX F Wetlandsof Energy Model RepairCladdings: A

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office: Modeling and Simulation | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowingFuel Efficiency & Emissions » VehicleModeling, Testing,

  3. Model Year 2006: Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat Letter to Science of 2Model

  4. Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    Career Choices: Industry vs. Academia Yan Liu Assistant Professor Computer Science Department, IBM TJ Watson Research Center · Now, USC #12;1) What career path did you consider most during your Ph industry, and where can one make the most impact? · Best virtues in all jobs ­ Hardworking ­ Good attitude

  5. Life Choices Student Survey Items

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    by Topical Area: Life Choices Berea-Specific Entering Survey, Fall Term First-Year Students and New Transfers for life-long learning Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Entering Fall Term Students 2012, Historical Trends) Please indicate the extent to which each of the following describe you Searching

  6. FTT:Power : A global model of the power sector with induced technological change and natural resource depletion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercure, J -F

    2012-01-01

    This work introduces a model of Future Technology Transformations for the power sector (FTT:Power), a representation of global power systems based on market competition, induced technological change (ITC) and natural resource use and depletion. It is the first component of a family of sectoral bottom-up models of technology, designed for integration into the global macroeconometric model E3MG. ITC occurs as a result of technological learning produced by cumulative investment and leads to highly nonlinear, irreversible and path dependent technological transitions. The model uses a dynamic coupled set of logistic differential equations. As opposed to traditional bottom-up energy models based on systems optimisation, such differential equations offer an appropriate treatment of the times and structure of change involved in sectoral technology transformations, as well as a much reduced computational load. Resource use and depletion are represented by local cost-supply curves, which give rise to different regional...

  7. TOOLS TO MODEL ROAD IMPACTS Providing scientific knowledge and technology to sustain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fried, Jeremy S.

    TOOLS TO MODEL ROAD IMPACTS Providing scientific knowledge and technology to sustain our nation://www.fs.fed.us/rm/boise/AWAE_home.shtml BACKGROUND The Rocky Mountain Research Station has a long his- tory of developing tools that meet the needs. Existing tools have been optimized to answer particular man- agement questions at specific spatial scales

  8. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 146 (2004) 213220 A simulation model of gear skiving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    2004-01-01

    Journal of Materials Processing Technology 146 (2004) 213­220 A simulation model of gear skiving A are doubtlessly premium well designed and properly fabricated gears. The desired gear quality is performed. One of the most adopted methods in gear finishing is a variation of hobbing, the so-called gear

  9. Sub-Lithographic Patterning Technology for Nanowire Model Catalysts and DNA Label-Free Hybridization Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bokor, Jeffrey

    Sub-Lithographic Patterning Technology for Nanowire Model Catalysts and DNA Label were used as a mold in nanoimprint lithography and lift-off patterning of sub-30nm platinum nanowires a label-free tool for DNA hybridization detection based on measuring capacitance changes in the gap

  10. Representing energy technologies in top-down economic models using bottom-up information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    take energy and other prices as exogenous and, therefore, may overestimate the potential penetrationRepresenting energy technologies in top-down economic models using bottom-up information J.R. Mc 02139, USA c Laboratory for Energy and the Environment, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA Available

  11. Location Choice vis--vis Transportation: The Case of Apartment Dwellers Michelle Bina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    of residential location choice is fundamental to behavioral models of land use and, ultimately, travel demand and explores their reasons for moving, priorities when choosing a residential location, and tradeoffs involved of future travel patterns. Residential location choice models can inform such models. This paper focuses

  12. Testing the Subsistence Model for the Adoption of Ceramic Technology Among Coastal Sambaqui Foragers of Southern Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crouch, Maria Shannon Parks

    2013-12-10

    This research tests the subsistence model for the adoption of ceramic technology among coastal fisher-hunter-gatherers of the southern Atlantic coast of Brazil (5000 to 600 BP). The subsistence model correlates the appearance ...

  13. The ARPA-E Innovation Model: A Glimpse into the Future of Automotive Battery Technology

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gur, Ilan (Program Director and Senior Advisor, ARPA-E)

    2014-04-11

    The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) focuses on funding game-changing R&D aimed at reducing U.S. foreign energy dependence and emissions. ARPA-E has made a strong commitment to support breakthrough energy storage technologies that can accelerate the mass adoption of electrified vehicles. This presentation will highlight the range of ARPA-E's efforts in this area, offering a glimpse into the ARPA-E innovation model and the future of automotive battery technology.

  14. The ARPA-E Innovation Model: A Glimpse into the Future of Automotive Battery Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gur, Ilan

    2014-03-07

    The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) focuses on funding game-changing R&D aimed at reducing U.S. foreign energy dependence and emissions. ARPA-E has made a strong commitment to support breakthrough energy storage technologies that can accelerate the mass adoption of electrified vehicles. This presentation will highlight the range of ARPA-E's efforts in this area, offering a glimpse into the ARPA-E innovation model and the future of automotive battery technology.

  15. Tuning electronic and magnetic properties of armchair|zigzag hybrid graphene nanoribbons by the choice of supercell model of grain boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lian, Ke-Yan; Li, Xiao-Fei; Duan, Sai; Jin, Ming-Xing; Ding, Da-Jun; Luo, Yi

    2014-03-14

    Grain boundaries (GBs) attract much interest for its ability to tune the property of hybrid materials. Theoretically predicting the properties of hybrid graphene with GBs, even a linear GB remains challenging due to its inhomogeneous structure, which makes supercell model tough to choose in theoretic studies. For the first time, the applicability of supercells with different GBs and lattice-mismatches for describing armchair-zigzag hybrid graphene nanoribbons was validated by ab initio molecular dynamic simulations and first principles electronic structure calculations. And to what extent the electronic properties can be tuned by the strain effects resulting from the lattice-mismatch and the GBs distortion in supercells was demonstrated. This work showed that the intrinsic strain in such system plays a decisive role in determining the band structure and spin polarization properties. Hybrid graphene nanoribbon was found to be ferromagnetic in the ground state, especially for the case of using the supercell with nearly-perfect lattice match. Its high Curie temperature suggests the potential applications of this material in spintronics.

  16. BEHAVIOURAL REALISM IN A TECHNOLOGY EXPLICIT ENERGY-ECONOMY MODEL: THE ADOPTION OF INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COGENERATION IN CANADA by Nicholas J. Rivers B.Eng., Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2000 RESEARCH PROJECT: Behavioural realism in a technology explicit energy-economy model: The adoption of industrial cogeneration the results. The model showed that industrial cogeneration is a relatively unknown technology to many firms

  17. Eye movements in risky choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Neil; Hermens, Frouke; Matthews, William J.

    2015-01-26

    & Findlay, 2000; Rayner, 1998, 2009; Yarbus, 1967). Glaholt and Reingold (2011), Orquin and Mueller Loose (2013), and Russo (2011) all provide comprehensive reviews of eye tracking in the decision making literature, so we will just outline some key relevant... issues. EYE TRACKING AND DECISION MAKING The final fixation made at the point of choice is strongly bi- assed towards the chosen option (Fiedler & Glöckner, 2012; Glaholt & Reingold, 2009b; Krajbich et al., 2010; Schotter, Berry, McKenzie, & Rayner, 2010...

  18. A Study of Scientometric Methods to Identify Emerging Technologies via Modeling of Milestones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Udoeyop, Akaninyene W [ORNL; Schlicher, Bob G [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    This work examines a scientometric model that tracks the emergence of an identified technology from initial discovery (via original scientific and conference literature), through critical discoveries (via original scientific, conference literature and patents), transitioning through Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and ultimately on to commercial application. During the period of innovation and technology transfer, the impact of scholarly works, patents and on-line web news sources are identified. As trends develop, currency of citations, collaboration indicators, and on-line news patterns are identified. The combinations of four distinct and separate searchable on-line networked sources (i.e., scholarly publications and citation, patents, news archives, and online mapping networks) are assembled to become one collective network (a dataset for analysis of relations). This established network becomes the basis from which to quickly analyze the temporal flow of activity (searchable events) for the example subject domain we investigated.

  19. Systematic Assessment of Neutron and Gamma Backgrounds Relevant to Operational Modeling and Detection Technology Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Archer, Daniel E.; Hornback, Donald Eric; Johnson, Jeffrey O.; Nicholson, Andrew D.; Patton, Bruce W.; Peplow, Douglas E.; Miller, Thomas Martin; Ayaz-Maierhafer, Birsen

    2015-01-01

    This report summarizes the findings of a two year effort to systematically assess neutron and gamma backgrounds relevant to operational modeling and detection technology implementation. The first year effort focused on reviewing the origins of background sources and their impact on measured rates in operational scenarios of interest. The second year has focused on the assessment of detector and algorithm performance as they pertain to operational requirements against the various background sources and background levels.

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Accelerate the Development and Introduction of Advanced Technologies Through Model Based System Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about accelerate the...

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Accelerating the Evaluation and Market Introduction of Advanced Technologies Through Model Based System Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about accelerating the...

  2. ImSET 3.1: Impact of Sector Energy Technologies Model Description and User's Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Livingston, Olga V.; Balducci, Patrick J.; Roop, Joseph M.; Schultz, Robert W.

    2009-05-22

    This 3.1 version of the Impact of Sector Energy Technologies (ImSET) model represents the next generation of the previously-built ImSET model (ImSET 2.0) that was developed in 2005 to estimate the macroeconomic impacts of energy-efficient technology in buildings. In particular, a special-purpose version of the Benchmark National Input-Output (I-O) model was designed specifically to estimate the national employment and income effects of the deployment of Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)–developed energy-saving technologies. In comparison with the previous versions of the model, this version features the use of the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis 2002 national input-output table and the central processing code has been moved from the FORTRAN legacy operating environment to a modern C++ code. ImSET is also easier to use than extant macroeconomic simulation models and incorporates information developed by each of the EERE offices as part of the requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act. While it does not include the ability to model certain dynamic features of markets for labor and other factors of production featured in the more complex models, for most purposes these excluded features are not critical. The analysis is credible as long as the assumption is made that relative prices in the economy would not be substantially affected by energy efficiency investments. In most cases, the expected scale of these investments is small enough that neither labor markets nor production cost relationships should seriously affect national prices as the investments are made. The exact timing of impacts on gross product, employment, and national wage income from energy efficiency investments is not well-enough understood that much special insight can be gained from the additional dynamic sophistication of a macroeconomic simulation model. Thus, we believe that this version of ImSET is a cost-effective solution to estimating the economic impacts of the development of energy-efficient technologies.

  3. ISTUM PC: industrial sector technology use model for the IBM-PC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roop, J.M.; Kaplan, D.T.

    1984-09-01

    A project to improve and enhance the Industrial Sector Technology Use Model (ISTUM) was originated in the summer of 1983. The project had dix identifiable objectives: update the data base; improve run-time efficiency; revise the reference base case; conduct case studies; provide technical and promotional seminars; and organize a service bureau. This interim report describes which of these objectives have been met and which tasks remain to be completed. The most dramatic achievement has been in the area of run-time efficiency. From a model that required a large proportion of the total resources of a mainframe computer and a great deal of effort to operate, the current version of the model (ISTUM-PC) runs on an IBM Personal Computer. The reorganization required for the model to run on a PC has additional advantages: the modular programs are somewhat easier to understand and the data base is more accessible and easier to use. A simple description of the logic of the model is given in this report. To generate the necessary funds for completion of the model, a multiclient project is proposed. This project will extend the industry coverage to all the industrial sectors, including the construction of process flow models for chemicals and petroleum refining. The project will also calibrate this model to historical data and construct a base case and alternative scenarios. The model will be delivered to clients and training provided. 2 references, 4 figures, 3 tables.

  4. Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01

    of International Learning on Technology Cost. In Issues ofbetween initial new technology cost estimates and actualthe revolutionary technologies have cost reductions beyond

  5. Information for Media on Lighting Choices | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Information for Media on Lighting Choices Information for Media on Lighting Choices July 27, 2014 - 8:25am Addthis Information for Media on Lighting Choices These videos,...

  6. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musial, W.; Lawson, M.; Rooney, S.

    2013-02-01

    The Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop was hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Broomfield, Colorado, July 9–10, 2012. The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy community, and to collect information to help identify ways in which the development of a commercially viable marine energy industry can be accelerated. The workshop was comprised of plenary sessions that reviewed the state of the marine energy industry and technical sessions that covered specific topics of relevance. Each session consisted of presentations, followed by facilitated discussions. During the facilitated discussions, the session chairs posed several prepared questions to the presenters and audience to encourage communication and the exchange of ideas between technical experts. Following the workshop, attendees were asked to provide written feedback on their takeaways from the workshop and their best ideas on how to accelerate the pace of marine energy technology development. The first four sections of this document give a general overview of the workshop format, provide presentation abstracts, supply discussion session notes, and list responses to the post-workshop questions. The final section presents key findings and conclusions from the workshop that suggest what the most pressing MHK technology needs are and how the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and national laboratory resources can be utilized to assist the marine energy industry in the most effective manner.

  7. EAST COAST DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS Coastal Models Supporting our Nation's Needs through Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural resources. Data identified as coming from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center are provided Provided the Data? Why Model Portland, Maine? http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/coastal/ dem.info

  8. The role of domestic energy choices in building social resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    The role of domestic energy choices in building social resilience: Joined-up Scotland working in Buildings #12;Integrating a) thermal mass and b) renewable energy into modelling - New Joint PhDs Kevin Bowe · Fees · Energy for manufacture · Transport of products 2. Unstable markets 3. Smaller markets pond

  9. An Interactive Dynamic Model for Integrating Knowledge Management Methods and Knowledge Sharing Technology in a Traditional Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phoha, Vir V.

    An Interactive Dynamic Model for Integrating Knowledge Management Methods and Knowledge Sharing Technology in a Traditional Classroom Vir V. Phoha Computer Science Louisiana Tech University Ruston, LA Management methods and Knowledge Sharing technology to integrate the acquisition of skills and relevant

  10. Heat Pump Water Heater Technology Assessment Based on Laboratory Research and Energy Simulation Models: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hudon, K.; Sparn, B.; Christensen, D.; Maguire, J.

    2012-02-01

    This paper explores the laboratory performance of five integrated Heat Pump Water Heaters (HPWHs) across a wide range of operating conditions representative of US climate regions. Laboratory results demonstrate the efficiency of this technology under most of the conditions tested and show that differences in control schemes and design features impact the performance of the individual units. These results were used to understand current model limitations, and then to bracket the energy savings potential for HPWH technology in various US climate regions. Simulation results show that HPWHs are expected to provide significant energy savings in many climate zones when compared to other types of water heaters (up to 64%, including impact on HVAC systems).

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: MA3T—Modeling Vehicle Market Dynamics with Consumer Segmentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about MA3T—modeling...

  12. CARIBBEAN DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS Coastal Models Supporting our Nation's Needs through Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    natural resources. Data identified as coming from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center are provided, coastal managers, and policy makers in effectively managing marine ecosystems and coastal resources;DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL PuertoRicoIsland #12;http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/coastal/ dem.info

  13. Editor's Choice Editor's Choice: Evaluating the Potential for Adverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    breeders. The safe application of genetic engineering to food and feed crops is widely acknowledged- technology are identified by a number of terms, includ- ing genetically modified (GM), GE, transgenic Genetically Engineered Breeding Stacks1 Plant breeding has a long history of developing varieties

  14. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musial, W.; Lawson, M.; Rooney, S.

    2013-02-01

    The Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop was hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Broomfield, Colorado, July 9-10, 2012. The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy community and collect information to help identify ways in which the development of a commercially viable marine energy industry can be accelerated. The workshop was comprised of plenary sessions that reviewed the state of the marine energy industry and technical sessions that covered specific topics of relevance. Each session consisted of presentations, followed by facilitated discussions. During the facilitated discussions, the session chairs posed several prepared questions to the presenters and audience to encourage communication and the exchange of ideas between technical experts. Following the workshop, attendees were asked to provide written feedback on their takeaways and their best ideas on how to accelerate the pace of marine energy technology development. The first four sections of this document give a general overview of the workshop format, provide presentation abstracts and discussion session notes, and list responses to the post-workshop questions. The final section presents key findings and conclusions from the workshop that suggest how the U.S. Department of Energy and national laboratory resources can be utilized to most effectively assist the marine energy industry.

  15. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  16. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  17. Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Cement Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Xu, T.; Galitsky, C.

    2010-08-15

    Adoption of efficient end-use technologies is one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. How to effectively analyze and manage the costs associated with GHG reductions becomes extremely important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Energy-climate (EC) models are often used for analyzing the costs of reducing GHG emissions for various emission-reduction measures, because an accurate estimation of these costs is critical for identifying and choosing optimal emission reduction measures, and for developing related policy options to accelerate market adoption and technology implementation. However, accuracies of assessing of GHG-emission reduction costs by taking into account the adoption of energy efficiency technologies will depend on how well these end-use technologies are represented in integrated assessment models (IAM) and other energy-climate models.

  18. Choice Inconsistencies among the Elderly: Evidence from Plan Choice in the Medicare Part D Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abaluck, Jason

    We evaluate the choices of elders across their insurance options under the Medicare Part D Prescription Drug plan, using a unique dataset of prescription drug claims matched to information on the characteristics of choice ...

  19. Future Implications of China's Energy-Technology Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................................................................................................. 17 3.3.5 Hydroelectric Power

  20. Postfeminist Technologies: Digital Media and the Culture Industries of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    referred to, even on Wikipedia, as the “porn mode. ” 19 Thisto allow users to view porn online without your browseropponent primarily rents S&M porn and films glorifying mass

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 28, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 615 Parameterized Physical Compact Thermal Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 28, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2005 615 properties. While most compact modeling approaches facilitate thermal characteriza- tion of existing package level and the package level. We show that our modeling method achieves reasonable boundary condition

  2. The Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation Enabling Computational Technologies FY09 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diachin, L F; Garaizar, F X; Henson, V E; Pope, G

    2009-10-12

    In this document we report on the status of the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Enabling Computational Technologies (ECT) effort. In particular, we provide the context for ECT In the broader NEAMS program and describe the three pillars of the ECT effort, namely, (1) tools and libraries, (2) software quality assurance, and (3) computational facility (computers, storage, etc) needs. We report on our FY09 deliverables to determine the needs of the integrated performance and safety codes (IPSCs) in these three areas and lay out the general plan for software quality assurance to meet the requirements of DOE and the DOE Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). We conclude with a brief description of our interactions with the Idaho National Laboratory computer center to determine what is needed to expand their role as a NEAMS user facility.

  3. Lighting Choices - White Background | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Choices - White Background Image icon All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take effect from 2012-2014. More...

  4. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

  5. Forecasting the Market Penetration of Energy Conservation Technologies: The Decision Criteria for Choosing a Forecasting Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, K.

    1982-01-01

    technologies. This paper briefly discusses the observed patterns of the diffusion of new' technologies and the determinants (both sociological and economic) which have been proposed to explain the variation in the diffusion rates. Existing market penetration...

  6. New media technology and new business models: Speculations on ‘post-advertising’ paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jing, 1950-

    This article offers some speculations on the challenges that new media technology poses to the concept and practice of advertising, particularly the impact of open-content technology. It canvasses a number of globalizing ...

  7. Development and application of a framework for technology and model selection under uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkelmans, Ingrid (Ingrid M.)

    2010-01-01

    Technology selection is a complex decision problem that is often faced in process engineering. This has been a particularly important problem recently in the energy field, in which many new technologies have been proposed. ...

  8. Technology investment decisions under uncertainty : a new modeling framework for the electric power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santen, Nidhi

    2013-01-01

    Effectively balancing existing technology adoption and new technology development is critical for successfully managing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the fossil-dominated electric power generation sector. The long ...

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Transportation Energy Transition Modeling and Analysis: the LAVE-Trans Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about transportation...

  10. Proceedings of the 1997 Deneb International Simulation Conference and Technology Showcase, Troy, MI. Virtual Machine Models in Electronics Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Virtual Machine Models in Electronics Assembly by Douglas A. Bodner, Matthew Damrau, Paul M. Griffin, Leon of Industrial and Systems Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0205 USA dbodner at Georgia Tech. Paul M. Griffin is an associate professor in the School of Industrial and Systems

  11. Asynchronous or synchronous? A misleading choice. Scott Fairbanks and Simon Moore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Simon

    to generate and globally distribute timing signals. The first paper questions the synchronous assumptionsAsynchronous or synchronous? A misleading choice. Scott Fairbanks and Simon Moore 15 May 2004 as the technology that will progress the art of compu- tation when the timing assumptions that hold the synchronous

  12. Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2007-09-30

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Unified Modeling, Simulation, and Market Implications: FASTSim and ADOPT

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about unified...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Vehicle Thermal Systems Modeling in Simulink

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about vehicle...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Coupling Mechanical with Electrochemical-Thermal Models Batteries Under Abuse

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about coupling...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: CLEERS: Aftertreatment Modeling and Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about CLEERS,...

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Cell Analysis, Modeling, and Prototyping (CAMP) Facility Research Activities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about cell analysis,...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Chemical Kinetic Models for Advanced Engine Combustion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Chemical Kinetic Models for Advanced Engine Combustion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  20. System modeling, analysis, and optimization methodology for diesel exhaust after-treatment technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graff, Christopher Dominic

    2006-01-01

    Developing new aftertreatment technologies to meet emission regulations for diesel engines is a growing problem for many automotive companies and suppliers. Balancing manufacturing cost, meeting emission performance, ...

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Unified Modeling, Simulation, and Market Implications: FASTSim and ADOPT

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the...

  2. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Joint Development and Coordination of Emissions Control Data and Models

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about joint...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Continuum Modeling as a Guide to Developing New Battery Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Vehicle Thermal Systems Modeling in Simulink

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about vehicle...

  5. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Thermoplastic Pultrusion with Modeling and Experiments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by University of Alabama at Birmingham at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Cell Analysis, Modeling, and Prototyping (CAMP) Facility Research Activities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Cell Analysis,...

  7. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement, and Computer Modeling Workshop...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Transportation Energy Transition Modeling and Analysis: the LAVE-Trans Model

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the LAVE-Trans...

  9. Home / News / The University of Queensland entry was the winner of ABB's Smart Grid City Model competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Tapan Kumar

    Home / News / The University of Queensland entry was the winner of ABB's Smart Grid City Model in engineering to get creative and demonstrate how they would design an interactive smart grid city model and integrate smart grid technology into an Australian city of their choice. The winner secured a grant

  10. Adoption of New Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Bronwyn H.; Khan, Beethika

    2003-01-01

    Firm Diffusion of New Technology: A Real Options Model. ”and the Adoption of New technology: Evidence from the U.S.affect whether or not new technologies are successful, the

  11. Adoption of New Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Bronwyn H.; Khan, Beethika

    2003-01-01

    Firm Diffusion of New Technology: A Real Options Model. ”and the Adoption of New technology: Evidence from the U.S.the Diffusion of New Technology in the Banking Industry. ”

  12. Sustainability: Preserving Choice for the Army

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Sustainability: Preserving Choice for the Army Friday, October 19, 2012 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. (lunch will be provided) Wrigley Hall, Room 481 Richard Kidd Deputy Assistant of the Army, Energy and Sustainability infrastructure. The development of Army-wide sustainability principles coupled with investments, training

  13. |Sustainable energy choices: comparing the options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for addressing these growing service demands, each of which has its attractions. Energy efficiency reduces are not renewable, but the resource can endure for centuries and is a high quality form of energy that can7 |Sustainable energy choices: comparing the options O ver the next century and beyond humans

  14. INTELLIGENT ENERGY CHOICES Lori L. Scarlatos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarlatos, Lori

    of their energy choices. We have developed an agent-based simulation in which the world's twenty-five most populous countries are represented by autonomous agents. Using initial data from the World Bank and other described in this paper relies on real data from the World Bank [5] to establish both initial values

  15. Natural Gas Vehicle Webinar: Technology, Best Strategies, and Lessons Learned

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Clean Cities program webinar elaborates first on successful past technology choices and then suggests future technological pathways that can be taken for the United States to expand its use of...

  16. A cost/benefit model for insertion of technological innovation into a total quality management program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratliff, William L

    1997-01-01

    This study provides economic justification for insertion of technological innovation into a total quality management (TQM) program in a remanufacturing environment. One of the core principles of TQM is continuous improvement. A preferred metric...

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Improve Fuel Economy through Formulation Design and Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ashland Inc. at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and vehicle technologies office annual merit review and peer evaluation meeting about improve fuel economy through...

  18. An Investigation of the Effect of using Anticipation in a Technological Substitution Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Mark

    borrowed many ideas from the ecological domain which enable them to see the technologies as interacting applied to the problem of an organisation choosing between developing knowledge and skills in-house

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: CLEERS: Aftertreatment Modeling and Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Pacific Northwest National Lab at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about CLEERS, a R...

  20. Thermal Modeling and Device Noise Properties of Three-Dimensional-SOI Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tze Wee

    Thermal test structures and ring oscillators (ROs) are fabricated in 0.18-mum three-dimensional (3-D)-SOI technology. Measurements and electrothermal simulations show that thermal and parasitic effects due to 3-D packaging ...

  1. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Modeling for Market Analysis: HTEB, TRUCK, and LVChoice

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by TA Engineering, Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about HTEB, TRUCK, and...

  2. Improvements in Modeling Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitation as a Leakage Mitigation Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    such as CO2 storage in the subsurface or fracking could be reduced with sealing technologies like microbially Abandonnedwell Injectionwellvicinity Fracking CO2 Reservoir Figure 1: Potential application sites of MICP

  3. Information Technology Project Execution Model Guide for Small and Medium Projects

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-07-07

    The Guide was developed to provide project management principles and guidelines to small and medium projects that fall outside the scope of DOE O 415.1, Information Technology Project Management, dated 12-3-12.

  4. Plasma technology directory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, P.P.; Dybwad, G.L.

    1995-03-01

    The Plasma Technology Directory has two main goals: (1) promote, coordinate, and share plasma technology experience and equipment within the Department of Energy; and (2) facilitate technology transfer to the commercial sector where appropriate. Personnel are averaged first by Laboratory and next by technology area. The technology areas are accelerators, cleaning and etching deposition, diagnostics, and modeling.

  5. Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Cement Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, J.

    2011-01-01

    energy-efficiency technology costs and improvementon behavioral responses, technology costs, energy savings,is to characterize technology costs and potentials for

  6. An LCA model for waste incineration enhanced with new technologies for metal recovery and application to the case of Switzerland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boesch, Michael E.; Vadenbo, Carl; Saner, Dominik; Huter, Christoph; Hellweg, Stefanie

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • An enhanced process-based LCA model for MSWI is featured and applied in case study. • LCA modeling of recent technological developments for metal recovery from fly ash. • Net release from Swiss MSWI 133 kg CO{sub 2}-eq/tonne waste from attributional LCA perspective. • Net savings from a consequential LCA perspective reach up to 303 kg CO{sub 2}-eq/tonne waste. • Impacts according to ReCiPe and CExD show similar pattern to climate change. - Abstract: A process model of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) and new technologies for metal recovery from combustion residues was developed. The environmental impact is modeled as a function of waste composition as well as waste treatment and material recovery technologies. The model includes combustion with a grate incinerator, several flue gas treatment technologies, electricity and steam production from waste heat recovery, metal recovery from slag and fly ash, and landfilling of residues and can be tailored to specific plants and sites (software tools can be downloaded free of charge). Application of the model to Switzerland shows that the treatment of one tonne of municipal solid waste results on average in 425 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. generated in the incineration process, and 54 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. accrue in upstream processes such as waste transport and the production of operating materials. Downstream processes, i.e. residue disposal, generates 5 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. Savings from energy recovery are in the range of 67 to 752 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. depending on the assumptions regarding the substituted energy production, while the recovery of metals from slag and fly ash currently results in a net saving of approximately 35 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. A similar impact pattern is observed when assessing the MSWI model for aggregated environmental impacts (ReCiPe) and for non-renewable resource consumption (cumulative exergy demand), except that direct emissions have less and no relevance, respectively, on the total score. The study illustrates that MSWI plants can be an important element of industrial ecology as they provide waste disposal services and can help to close material and energetic cycles.

  7. Long-Term Modeling of Solar Energy: Analysis of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) and PV Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yabei; Smith, Steven J.

    2007-08-16

    This report presents an overview of research conducted on solar energy technologies and their implementation in the ObjECTS framework. The topics covered include financing assumptions and selected issues related to the integration of concentrating thermal solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics PV technologies into the electric grid. A review of methodologies for calculating the levelized energy cost of capital-intensive technologies is presented, along with sensitivity tests illustrating how the cost of a solar plant would vary depending on financing assumptions. An analysis of the integration of a hybrid concentrating thermal solar power (CSP) system into the electric system is conducted. Finally a failure statistics analysis for PV plants illustrates the central role of solar irradiance uncertainty in determining PV grid integration characteristics.

  8. SMART: A Stochastic Multiscale Model for the Analysis of Energy Resources, Technology and Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    the methodology using both spatially aggregate and disaggregate representations of energy supply and demand and synthetic fuels, and end-use strategies (level of demand, demand response). A major component-term investments in new technologies, capturing different sources of uncertainty such as energy from wind, demands

  9. No Effects of Psychosocial Stress on Intertemporal Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haushofer, Johannes

    Intertemporal choices - involving decisions which trade off instant and delayed outcomes - are often made under stress. It remains unknown, however, whether and how stress affects intertemporal choice. We subjected 142 ...

  10. Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Choices to Save You Money Lighting Choices to Save You Money August 31, 2015 - 7:56am Addthis An error occurred. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by EC Power at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about evelopment of cell/pack level models...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: First Principles Modeling of SEI Formation on Bare and Surface/Additive Modified Silicon Anodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Texas A&M at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about first principles modeling of...

  13. Sacks R. (1998), `Issues in the Development and Implementation of a Building Project Model for an Automated Building System', International Journal of Construction Information Technology, Salford University, Salford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Rafael

    1998-01-01

    of an Automated, Computer Integrated Building Realization System is to automatically generate all. Keywords: Building Project Model, Computer Integrated Construction, Automated Building System. INTRODUCTION for an Automated Building System', International Journal of Construction Information Technology, Salford University

  14. Evaluating Energy Efficiency Policies with Energy-Economy Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundaca, Luis; Neij, Lena; Worrell, Ernst; McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-08-01

    The growing complexities of energy systems, environmental problems and technology markets are driving and testing most energy-economy models to their limits. To further advance bottom-up models from a multidisciplinary energy efficiency policy evaluation perspective, we review and critically analyse bottom-up energy-economy models and corresponding evaluation studies on energy efficiency policies to induce technological change. We use the household sector as a case study. Our analysis focuses on decision frameworks for technology choice, type of evaluation being carried out, treatment of market and behavioural failures, evaluated policy instruments, and key determinants used to mimic policy instruments. Although the review confirms criticism related to energy-economy models (e.g. unrealistic representation of decision-making by consumers when choosing technologies), they provide valuable guidance for policy evaluation related to energy efficiency. Different areas to further advance models remain open, particularly related to modelling issues, techno-economic and environmental aspects, behavioural determinants, and policy considerations.

  15. Technology reviews: Glazing systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuman, J.; Rubinstein, F.; Papamichael, K.; Beltran, L.; Lee, E.S.; Selkowitz, S.

    1992-09-01

    We present a representative review of existing, emerging, and future technology options in each of five hardware and systems areas in envelope and lighting technologies: lighting systems, glazing systems, shading systems, daylighting optical systems, and dynamic curtain wall systems. The term technology is used here to describe any design choice for energy efficiency, ranging from individual components to more complex systems to general design strategies. The purpose of this task is to characterize the state of the art in envelope and lighting technologies in order to identify those with promise for advanced integrated systems, with an emphasis on California commercial buildings. For each technology category, the following activities have been attempted to the extent possible: Identify key performance characteristics and criteria for each technology; determine the performance range of available technologies; identify the most promising technologies and promising trends in technology advances; examine market forces and market trends; and develop a continuously growing in-house database to be used throughout the project. A variety of information sources have been used in these technology characterizations, including miscellaneous periodicals, manufacturer catalogs and cut sheets, other research documents, and data from previous computer simulations. We include these different sources in order to best show the type and variety of data available, however publication here does not imply our guarantee of these data. Within each category, several broad classes are identified, and within each class we examine the generic individual technologies that fag into that class.

  16. A power algebra of games of choice Ingrid Rewitzky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jipsen, Peter

    A power algebra of games of choice Ingrid Rewitzky Department of Mathematics and Applied as forming a power algebra of the power set Boolean algebra of outcomes. Allowing a set of possible starting the power algebra of games of choice. With this algebraic view of simple games of choice we invoke (a

  17. Costs influence male mate choice in a freshwater fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keogh, Scott

    Costs influence male mate choice in a freshwater fish Bob B. M. Wong* and Michael D. Jennions that female mate choice decisions depend on the direct costs of choosing (either because of search costs or male-imposed costs). Far less is known about how direct fitness costs affect male mate choice. We

  18. An Empirical Study of Alternative Fuel Vehicle Choice by Commercial Fleets: Lessons in Transportation Choices, and Public Agencies' Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Soheila Soltani

    1996-01-01

    and safety are the primary NGV concern. The resale value ischoice (choices are EV, NGV, methanol, and gasoline) based

  19. First Choice Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbHFerrisFillmoreChoice Power Jump to:

  20. Choice Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL JumpCMNACelt PowerWindThreeWindChofuChoice

  1. Modeling and History Matching Hydrocarbon Production from Marcellus Shale using Data Mining and Pattern Recognition Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 161184 Modeling and History Matching Hydrocarbon Production from Marcellus Shale using Data. The abstract must contain conspicuous acknowledgment of SPE copyright. Abstract The Marcellus Shale play has a novel approach to modeling, history matching of hydrocarbon production from a Marcellus shale asset

  2. The Triple Helix Model and the Meta-Stabilization of Urban Technologies in Smart Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leydesdorff, Loet

    2010-01-01

    The Triple Helix model of university-industry-government relations can be generalized from a neo-institutional model of networks to a neo-evolutionary model of how three selection environments operate upon one another. The neo-evolutionary model enables us to appreciate both organizational integration in university-industry-government relations and differentiation among functions like the generation of intellectual capital, creation of wealth, and their attending legislation. The specification of innovation systems in terms of nations, sectors, cities, and regions can then be formulated as empirical questions: is synergy generated among functions in networks of relations? This Triple Helix model enables us to study the knowledge base of an urban economy in terms of a trade-off between locally stabilized and (potentially locked-in) trajectories versus the techno-economic and cultural development regimes which work with one more degree of freedom at the global level. The meta-stabilizing potentials of urban tec...

  3. Smart finite state devices: A modeling framework for demand response technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turitsyn, Konstantin

    We introduce and analyze Markov Decision Process (MDP) machines to model individual devices which are expected to participate in future demand-response markets on distribution grids. We differentiate devices into the ...

  4. Business model transformation for the international division of a fortune 100 high technology company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mokhtari Dizaji, Reza, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Raytheon Canada in Waterloo, Ontario offers a very interesting but challenging research case. As one of the international divisions of Raytheon Corporation, the company has a business model similar to its parent company. ...

  5. Technology Assessment TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Technology Assessment 10/14/2004 1 TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT STRATEGIC PLAN MISSION STATEMENT Support the Mission of Texas Tech University and the TTU Information Technology Division by providing timely and relevant information and assistance in current and emerging technologies and their practical applications

  6. Bioscience Technology Bioscience Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    Bioscience Technology Bioscience Technology Advantage Business Media 100 Enterprise Drive Rockaway, co-director of George Washington University's Institute for Proteomics Technology and Applications-by-point. Manufacturers have stampeded to offer the new technology. Applied Biosystems got out in front in 2004 when

  7. Security Science & Technology | Nuclear Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Security Treaty Verification Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation & Validation Nuclear Systems Technology Reactor Technology Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery |...

  8. Online optimization and choice of optimization variables for control of heat exchanger networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    On­line optimization and choice of optimization variables for control of heat exchanger networks B operation of a general heat exchanger network with given structure, heat exchanger areas and stream data to any heat exchanger network. Using this model periodically for optimization, the operating conditions

  9. On-line optimization and choice of optimization variables for control of heat exchanger networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    On-line optimization and choice of optimization variables for control of heat exchanger networks B operation of a general heat exchanger network with given structure, heat exchanger areas and stream data to any heat exchanger network. Using this model periodically for optimization, the operating conditions

  10. Dynamic model failure tests of dam structures Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., Billie F.

    index for the safety assessment of concrete dams and is predicted through dynamic model failure tests INTRODUCTION A great number of high dams will be built in highly seismic areas, the safety evaluation 116024, China ABSTRACT: For the earthquake safety evaluation of dam structures, it is desirable to extend

  11. SMART: A Stochastic Multiscale Model for the Analysis of Energy Resources, Technology and Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    -use strategies (level of demand, demand response). A major component will be renewable energy that depend from wind, demands, prices and rainfall. We also wish to model long-term investment decisions demonstrate the methodology using both spatially aggregate and disaggregate representations of energy supply

  12. Modeling, Optimization and Testing for Analog/Mixed-Signal Circuits in Deeply Scaled CMOS Technologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Guo

    2011-02-22

    variations which serves as the baseline for robust analog circuit design. We propose statistical performance modeling methods for two popular types of complex analog/mixed-signal circuits including Sigma-Delta ADCs and charge-pump PLLs. A more general...

  13. User Modeling for Personalized City Tours humanIT Human Information Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobsa, Alfred

    and tourism are aimed at providing informa- tion in a personalized manner, taking users' interests accessed by clients that need personalization services. Keywords: Personalization, user modeling server for travel and tourism has recently attracted considerable interest, both with regard to research

  14. Atomistic and Mesoscale Modeling of Dislocation B.S., Huazhong University of Science and Technology (1995)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Wei

    1995-01-01

    Atomistic and Mesoscale Modeling of Dislocation Mobility by Wei Cai B.S., Huazhong University by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sow-Hsin Chen Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;2 #12;Atomistic and Mesoscale theories and simulations of dislocations in Si and BCC transition metals, with emphasis on the atomistic-mesoscale

  15. Project Title Improved Emission Models for Project Evaluation (MOVES-Matrix) University Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Title Improved Emission Models for Project Evaluation (MOVES-Matrix) University Georgia or organization) DOT - $92,292.15 Total Project Cost $92,292.15 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and End Dates November 1, 2013 ­ June 30, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project Local governments

  16. A Model for Role Administration Using Organization Lab. for Information Security Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    A Model for Role Administration Using Organization Structure Sejong Oh Lab. for Information administration is a major issue. ARBAC97 is a well-known solution for decentralized RBAC administration. ARBAC97 authorizes administrative roles by means of `role ranges' and `prerequisite conditions'. Although attractive

  17. Officials launch Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, announce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , who is assistant secretary for Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, announced the launch of the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative, an effort to bolster U.S. competitiveness in producing clean energy technologies and increasing energy productivity. "Our nation faces a stark choice: The energy technologies

  18. Modeling principles and computing technology for high-speed simulation of LWR transients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wulff, W.; Cheng, H.S.; Mallen, A.N.

    1986-01-01

    The plant analyzer recently developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory embodies the unique combination of high simulation fidelity, with convenient interactive access, much faster than real-time simulation speed and low cost. This has been achieved through a deliberate match of modeling techniques with modern, special-purpose minicomputer architecture, designed for high-speed simulations of complex systems. The BNL Plant Analyzer is a powerful engineering tool for carrying out, routinely and cost-effectively, safety analyses, optimizations of procedures, parametric studies to obtain safety margins and for generic training. It is also applicable for operator assistance through plant performance monitoring, automatic fault diagnostics and on-line support during emergencies. This paper presents five modeling principles, the criteria for selecting numerical integration techniques and the key features of the special-purpose peripheral processor, the AD10 of Applied Dynamics International. The paper presentation is followed by a remote access demonstration of the plant analyzer.

  19. Smart Finite State Devices: A Modeling Framework for Demand Response Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turitsyn, Konstantin; Ananyev, Maxim; Chertkov, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We introduce and analyze Markov Decision Process (MDP) machines to model individual devices which are expected to participate in future demand-response markets on distribution grids. We differentiate devices into the following four types: (a) optional loads that can be shed, e.g. light dimming; (b) deferrable loads that can be delayed, e.g. dishwashers; (c) controllable loads with inertia, e.g. thermostatically-controlled loads, whose task is to maintain an auxiliary characteristic (temperature) within pre-defined margins; and (d) storage devices that can alternate between charging and generating. Our analysis of the devices seeks to find their optimal price-taking control strategy under a given stochastic model of the distribution market.

  20. Time-domain Simulation of Multibody Floating Systems based on State-space Modeling Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Xiaochuan

    2012-10-19

    operation. Hong, et al. (2005) applied the Higher-Order Boundary Element Method (HOBEM) to analyze the motions and drift force of side-by-side moored multiple vessels, such as Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) unit for Liquid Natural Gas... associated with the small gap between two barges, which is fundamental for understanding FPSO-shuttle tanker interactions during side-by- side offloading. The test results and comparisons with numerical model predictions were used to optimize future test...

  1. Awareness and Movement vs. the Spread of Epidemics - Analyzing a Dynamic Model for Urban Social/Technological Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsässer, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We consider the spread of epidemics in technological and social networks. How do people react? Does awareness and cautious behavior help? We analyze these questions and present a dynamic model to describe the movement of individuals and/or their mobile devices in a certain (idealistic) urban environment. Furthermore, our model incorporates the fact that different locations can accommodate a different number of people (possibly with their mobile devices), who may pass the infection to each other. We obtain two main results. First, we prove that w.r.t. our model at least a small part of the system will remain uninfected even if no countermeasures are taken. The second result shows that with certain counteractions in use, which only influence the individuals' behavior, a prevalent epidemic can be avoided. The results explain possible courses of a disease, and point out why cost-efficient countermeasures may reduce the number of total infections from a high percentage of the population to a negligible fraction.

  2. Neighborhood design and vehicle type choice: Evidence from Northern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, X Y; Mokhtarian, Patricia L; Handy, S L

    2006-01-01

    type choices (e.g. , Beggs and Cardell, 1980; Berkovec andWadsworth Publishing Company. Beggs, S. D. and Cardell, S.

  3. Battery Choices for Different Plug-in HEV Configurations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.

    2006-07-12

    Presents battery choices for different plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) configurations to reduce cost and to improve performance and life.

  4. Choices and Requirements of Batteries for EVs, HEVs, PHEVs (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A. A.

    2011-04-01

    This presentation describes the choices available and requirements for batteries for electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

  5. Polyhedral Methods for Adaptive Choice-Based Conjoint Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toubia, Olivier

    2003-02-26

    Choice-based conjoint analysis (CBC) is used widely in marketing for product design, segmentation, and marketing strategy. We propose and test a new "polyhedral" ...

  6. 15.912 Technology Strategy, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Rebecca

    Outlines tools for formulating and evaluating technology strategy, including an introduction to the economics of technical change, models of technological evolution, and models of organizational dynamics and innovation. ...

  7. A Cross-model Comparison of Global Long-term Technology Diffusion under a 2?C Climate Change Control Target

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van der Zwaan, Bob; Rosler, Hilke; Kober, Tom; Aboumahboub, Tino; Calvin, Katherine V.; Gernaat, David; Marangoni, Giacomo; McCollum, David

    2013-11-01

    We investigate the long-term global energy technology diffusion patterns required to reach a stringent climate change target with a maximum average atmospheric temperature increase of 2°C. If the anthropogenic temperature increase is to be limited to 2°C, total CO2 emissions have to be reduced massively, so as to reach substantial negative values during the second half of the century. Particularly power sector CO2 emissions should become negative from around 2050 onwards according to most models used for this analysis in order to compensate for GHG emissions in other sectors where abatement is more costly. The annual additional capacity deployment intensity (expressed in GW/yr) for solar and wind energy until 2030 needs to be around that recently observed for coal-based power plants, and will have to be several times higher in the period 2030–2050. Relatively high agreement exists across models in terms of the aggregated low-carbon energy system cost requirements on the supply side until 2050, which amount to about 50 trillion US$.

  8. Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Cement Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, J.

    2011-01-01

    Technology Support Unit (ETSU), 1988. “High Level Control ofCircle Industries and SIRA (ETSU, 1988). The LINKman system

  9. Software Engineering Management: strategic choices in a new decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, Anthony

    Software Engineering Management: strategic choices in a new decade Barbara Farbey & Anthony.farbey|a.finkelstein}@ucl.ac.uk 1. ABSTRACT This paper discusses the strategic choices faced by software engineering managers and organisational advances in software engineering and in its application. For the software engineering manager

  10. Blue Choice New EnglandSM Summary of Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Blue Choice New EnglandSM Summary of Benefits Williams College An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum Creditable Coverage Standards Reform Law. #12;Your Care Your Primary Care Provider. When you enroll in Blue Choice New England, you

  11. Measuring Transactions Costs from Observed Behavior: Market Choices in Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Measuring Transactions Costs from Observed Behavior: Market Choices in Peru Renos Vakis, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Alain de Janvry October 2003 Abstract Farmers incur proportional and fixed transactions costs these transactions costs. When opportunities exist to sell a crop on alternative markets, the observed choice

  12. Probabilistic Choice Models for Product Pricing using Reservation ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-02-03

    Feb 1, 2007 ... purchase a product can be swayed by the relative prices of similar ...... power of integer and convex nonlinear programming techniques and we ...

  13. Operator Choice Modeling for Collaborative UAV Visual Search Tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertuccelli, Luca F.

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide unprecedented access to imagery of possible ground targets of interest in real time. The availability of this imagery is expected to increase with envisaged future missions of one ...

  14. Operator Choice Modeling for UAV Visual Search Tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertuccelli, L.F.

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide unprecedented access to imagery of possible ground targets of interest in real time. The availability of this imagery is expected to increase with envisaged future missions of one ...

  15. Tractable multi-product pricing under discrete choice models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Philipp W. (Philipp Wilhelm), 1982-

    2013-01-01

    We consider a retailer offering an assortment of differentiated substitutable products to price-sensitive customers. Prices are chosen to maximize profit, subject to inventory/ capacity constraints, as well as more general ...

  16. Game Theoretic Models of Public Choice and Political Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balduzzi, Paolo

    This thesis is composed of three chapters, which can be read independently. In the first one, we present and solve some bargaining games a la Rubinstein, where the subjects can delegate the negotiating process to agents. ...

  17. Consumer Vehicle Technology Data

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technologies Relevance: An informed understanding of the consumer allows VTO to achieve petroleum-use reduction goals through: * Robust assumptions for consumer modeling,...

  18. Consumer Vehicle Technology Data

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technologies. Relevance: An informed understanding of the consumer allows VTO to achieve petroleum-use reduction goals through: * Robust assumptions for consumer modeling,...

  19. Design with Uncertain Technology Evolution 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arendt, Jonathan Lee

    2012-10-19

    of technology. Techniques for modeling evolution of a technology that has multiple performance attributes are developed. An S-curve technology evolution model is used. The performance of a technology develops slowly at first, quickly during heavy R&D effort...

  20. Interpersonal traits and the technology acceptance model: applying the interpersonal circumplex model as a nomological net for understanding user perceptions within human-to-computer interaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Houghton Gregory

    2009-05-15

    This study examines the effects that individual personality traits have on technology acceptance. Previous research on technology acceptance focuses primarily on exogenous variables such as trustor’s perceptions, attitudes, ...

  1. Household`s choices of efficiency levels for appliances: Using stated- and revealed-preference data to identify the importance of rebates and financing arrangements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Train, K.; Atherton, T.

    1994-11-01

    We examine customers` choice between standard and high-efficiency equipment, and the impact of utility incentives such as rebates and loans on this decision. Using data from interviews with 400 households, we identify the factors that customers consider in their choice of efficiency level for appliances and the relative importance of these factors. We build a model that describes customers` choices and can be used to predict choices in future situations under changes in the attributes of appliances and in the utility`s DSM and as part of the appliance-choice component of utilities` end-use forecasting systems. As examples, the model is used to predict the impacts of: doubling the size of rebates, replacing rebates with financing programs, and offering loans and rebates as alternative options for customers.

  2. Choice set as an indicator for choice behavior when lanes are managed with value pricing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mastako, Kimberley Allen

    2005-02-17

    -74)..............................................................................................62 Table 7.1 Chi-Square Tests of Equal Mode, Time, and Route Shares............................71 Table 7.2 Chi-Square Tests of Equal Gender Shares......................................................73 Table 7.3 Women: Chi-Square Tests of Equal Mode... choice sets are established and each commuter is assumed to choose from one of the four sets. In this study, a sample of travelers from the State Route 91 (SR-91) value-priced corridor in Orange County, California, who participated in a telephone...

  3. Technology Performance Exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    To address the need for accessible, high-quality data, the Department of Energy has developed the Technology Performance Exchange (TPEx). TPEx enables technology suppliers, third-party testing laboratories, and other entities to share product performance data. These data are automatically transformed into a format that technology evaluators can easily use in their energy modeling assessments to inform procurement decisions.

  4. Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 64, no. 7-8, pp. 1011-1020 (2004) Comparison of Two Models of SWCN Polymer Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odegard, Gregory M.

    2004-01-01

    Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 64, no. 7-8, pp. 1011-1020 (2004) Comparison of Two Models of SWCN Polymer Composites G.M. Odegarda , R.B. Pipesb , P. Hubertc a National Institute of Aerospace, 144 Abstract Two approaches for predicting elastic properties of SWCN/polymer composites, equivalent- continuum

  5. The choice: evaluating and selecting scientific proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarra, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    The selection process of proposals is a crucial component of scientific progress and innovations. Limited resources must be allocated in the most effective way to maximise advancements and the production of new knowledge, especially as it is becoming increasingly clear that technological and scientific innovation and creativity is an instrument of economic policy and social development. The traditional approach based on merit evaluation by experts has been the preferred method, but there is an issue regarding to what extent such a method can also be an instrument of effective policy. This paper discuss some of the basic processes involved in the evaluation and selection of proposals, indicating some criterion for an optimal solution.

  6. Faience Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Paul

    2009-01-01

    by Joanne Hodges. Faience Technology, Nicholson, UEE 2009Egyptian materials and technology, ed. Paul T. Nicholson,Nicholson, 2009, Faience Technology. UEE. Full Citation:

  7. Understanding technology diffusion and market adoption through modeling : implications on strategy for demand-side energy firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nath, Vivin

    2012-01-01

    Deregulation shaping the Electricity industry across the world is a systems challenge cutting across interdisciplinary fields of technology, economics, public policy, environment and sociology. Decision makers that shape ...

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Vehicle Level Model and Control Development and Validation Under Various Thermal Conditions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about vehicle level...

  9. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Significant Enhancement of Computational Efficiency in Nonlinear Multiscale Battery Model for Computer Aided Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by National Renewable Energy Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about...

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Reassessing the Outlook of US Oil Dependence Using Oil Security Metrics Model (OSMM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about reassessing ...

  11. Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Cement Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, J.

    2011-01-01

    de Beer, 1997. "Energy Efficient Technologies in Industry -Tracking Industrial Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions.and L. Price. 1999. Energy Efficiency and Carbon Dioxide

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Advancements in Fuel Spray and Combustion Modeling with High Performance Computing Resources

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advancements in...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Developing Kinetic Mechanisms for New Fuels and Biofuels, Including CFD Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and vehicle technologies office annual merit review and peer evaluation meeting about...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Significant Enhancement of Computational Efficiency in Nonlinear Multiscale Battery Model for Computer Aided Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by NREL at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about significant enhancement of computational...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advancement in Fuel Spray and Combustion Modeling for Compression Ignition Engine Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advancement in...

  16. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  17. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  18. 654 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 18, NO. 3, MAY 2010 Model-Based Electrochemical Estimation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Based Electrochemical Estimation and Constraint Management for Pulse Operation of Lithium Ion Batteries Kandler A. Smith Technologies, Graduate Automotive Technology Education Pro- gram. This work was performed at the Pennsylvania-mail: kandlers@hotmail.com; kandler_smith@nrel.gov). C. D. Rahn and C.-Y. Wang are with the Department

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Mechanistic Modeling Framework for Predicting Extreme Battery Response: Coupled Hierarchical Models for Thermal, Mechanical, Electrical and (Electro)chemical Processes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about mechanistic...

  20. Attitudes towards mode choice in Switzerland Bilge Atasoy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Attitudes towards mode choice in Switzerland Bilge Atasoy Aur´elie Glerum Michel Bierlaire 31st, Switzerland, {bilge.kucuk, aurelie.glerum, michel.bierlaire}@epfl.ch 1 #12;1 Introduction Transport mode

  1. Factors Affecting Cotton Producers' Choice of Marketing Outlet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Jason 1979-

    2012-08-16

    In recent years, changes in government policies, supply and demand fundamentals and price patterns in the cotton market have led to several shifts in how producers market their cotton. This thesis examined producer cash marketing choices, including...

  2. Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    be available to save you money. Q: When will the new bulbs be phased in? A: Newer energy-saving lightbulb choices that save about 25% to 75% in energy costs are on the market...

  3. Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Save You Money Banner Lighting Choices to Save You Money Banner All of these lightbulbs-CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving incandescents-meet the new energy standards that take...

  4. Leading by Example: Argonne Senior Management Makes "Green" Vehicle Choices

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Peters, Mark; Kearns, Paul;

    2013-04-19

    Argonne's senior management shows leadership in the sustainability arena with their own personal choices in "green" vehicles. They don't just talk the talk ? they walk the walk.

  5. Leading by Example: Argonne Senior Management Makes "Green" Vehicle Choices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, Mark; Kearns, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Argonne's senior management shows leadership in the sustainability arena with their own personal choices in "green" vehicles. They don't just talk the talk — they walk the walk.

  6. Considering representational choices of fourth graders when solving division problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Mary Chiles

    2007-09-17

    CONSIDERING REPRESENTATIONAL CHOICES OF FOURTH GRADERS WHEN SOLVING DIVISION PROBLEMS A Thesis by MARY CHILES GILBERT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2006 Major Subject: Curriculum & Instruction CONSIDERING REPRESENTATIONAL CHOICES OF FOURTH GRADERS WHEN SOLVING DIVISION PROBLEMS A Thesis by MARY CHILES GILBERT Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

  7. Development of Bottom-up Representation of Industrial Energy Efficiency Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models for the Iron and Steel Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, T.T.; Sathaye, J.; Galitsky, C.

    2010-09-30

    Adoption of efficient end-use technologies is one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. With the working of energy programs and policies on carbon regulation, how to effectively analyze and manage the costs associated with GHG reductions become extremely important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Energy-climate (EC) models are often used for analyzing the costs of reducing GHG emissions (e.g., carbon emission) for various emission-reduction measures, because an accurate estimation of these costs is critical for identifying and choosing optimal emission reduction measures, and for developing related policy options to accelerate market adoption and technology implementation. However, accuracies of assessing of GHG-emission reduction costs by taking into account the adoption of energy efficiency technologies will depend on how well these end-use technologies are represented in integrated assessment models (IAM) and other energy-climate models. In this report, we first conduct brief overview on different representations of end-use technologies (mitigation measures) in various energy-climate models, followed by problem statements, and a description of the basic concepts of quantifying the cost of conserved energy including integrating non-regrets options. A non-regrets option is defined as a GHG reduction option that is cost effective, without considering their additional benefits related to reducing GHG emissions. Based upon these, we develop information on costs of mitigation measures and technological change. These serve as the basis for collating the data on energy savings and costs for their future use in integrated assessment models. In addition to descriptions of the iron and steel making processes, and the mitigation measures identified in this study, the report includes tabulated databases on costs of measure implementation, energy savings, carbon-emission reduction, and lifetimes. The cost curve data on mitigation measures are available over time, which allows an estimation of technological change over a decade-long historical period. In particular, the report will describe new treatment of technological change in energy-climate modeling for this industry sector, i.e., assessing the changes in costs and energy-savings potentials via comparing 1994 and 2002 conservation supply curves. In this study, we compared the same set of mitigation measures for both 1994 and 2002 -- no additional mitigation measure for year 2002 was included due to unavailability of such data. Therefore, the estimated potentials in total energy savings and carbon reduction would most likely be more conservative for year 2002 in this study. Based upon the cost curves, the rate of change in the savings potential at a given cost can be evaluated and be used to estimate future rates of change that can be the input for energy-climate models. Through characterizing energy-efficiency technology costs and improvement potentials, we have developed and presented energy cost curves for energy efficiency measures applicable to the U.S. iron and steel industry for the years 1994 and 2002. The cost curves can change significantly under various scenarios: the baseline year, discount rate, energy intensity, production, industry structure (e.g., integrated versus secondary steel making and number of plants), efficiency (or mitigation) measures, share of iron and steel production to which the individual measures can be applied, and inclusion of other non-energy benefits. Inclusion of other non-energy benefits from implementing mitigation measures can reduce the costs of conserved energy significantly. In addition, costs of conserved energy (CCE) for individual mitigation measures increase with the increases in discount rates, resulting in a general increase in total cost of mitigation measures for implementation and operation with a higher discount rate. In 1994, integrated steel mills in the U.S. produced 55.

  8. Application of Remote Sensing Technology and Ecological Modeling of Forest Carbon Stocks in Mt. Apo Natural Park, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leal, Ligaya Rubas

    2015-01-23

    This dissertation work explored the application of remote sensing technology for the assessment of forest carbon storage in Mt. Apo Natural Park. Biomass estimation is traditionally conducted using destructive sampling with high levels...

  9. Draft - DOE G 415.1-2, Information Technology Project Execution Model Guide for Small and Medium Projects

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    The Guide was developed to provide project management principles and guidelines to small and medium projects that fall outside the scope of DOE O 415.1, Information Technology Project Management, dated 12-3-12.

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Heavy-Duty Low-Temperature and Diesel Combustion & Heavy-Duty Combustion Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about heavy-duty low...

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Heavy-Duty Low-Temperature and Diesel Combustion & Heavy-Duty Combustion Modeling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Sandia National Laboratories at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about heavy-duty low...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Assessing the Outlook of US Oil Dependence Using Oil Security Metrics Model (OSMM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about assessing the...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Validation of Material Models for Crash Simulation of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures (VMM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ford Motor Company at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about validation of material...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Heavy-Duty Engine Systems and Emissions Control Modeling and Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced heavy...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Efficient Safety and Degradation Modeling of Automotive Li-ion Cells and Pack

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by EC-Power at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about efficient safety and degradation...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Efficient Safety and Degradation Modeling of Automotive Li-ion Cells and Pack

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by EC Power at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about efficient safety and degradation...

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: 2015 KIVA-hpFE Development: A Robust and Accurate Engine Modeling Software

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Los Alamos National Laboratory  at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about 2015 KIVA...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Joint Development and Coordination of Emissions Control Data and Models (CLEERS Analysis and Coordination)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the joint...

  19. Customer-Specific Taste Parameters and Mixed Logit: Households' Choice of Electricity Supplier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revelt, David; Train, Kenneth

    2000-01-01

    M a y 2000 Keywords: energy suppliers, mixed logit, tastecustomers' choice among energy suppliers in conjoint-typecustomers' choice o f energy supplier and estimate the value

  20. Emerging technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shin-yee

    1993-03-01

    The mission of the Emerging Technologies thrust area at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to help individuals establish technology areas that have national and commercial impact, and are outside the scope of the existing thrust areas. We continue to encourage innovative ideas that bring quality results to existing programs. We also take as our mission the encouragement of investment in new technology areas that are important to the economic competitiveness of this nation. In fiscal year 1992, we have focused on nine projects, summarized in this report: (1) Tire, Accident, Handling, and Roadway Safety; (2) EXTRANSYT: An Expert System for Advanced Traffic Management; (3) Odin: A High-Power, Underwater, Acoustic Transmitter for Surveillance Applications; (4) Passive Seismic Reservoir Monitoring: Signal Processing Innovations; (5) Paste Extrudable Explosive Aft Charge for Multi-Stage Munitions; (6) A Continuum Model for Reinforced Concrete at High Pressures and Strain Rates: Interim Report; (7) Benchmarking of the Criticality Evaluation Code COG; (8) Fast Algorithm for Large-Scale Consensus DNA Sequence Assembly; and (9) Using Electrical Heating to Enhance the Extraction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Soil.

  1. The National Energy Modeling System: An overview 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-02-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period through 2020. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavior and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system, followed by a chapter on the overall modeling structure and solution algorithm. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. 21 figs.

  2. Normal Conducting CLIC Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, E

    2006-01-01

    The CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) multi-lateral study group based at CERN is studying the technology for an electron-positron linear collider with a centre-of-mass energy up to 5 TeV. In contrast to the International Linear Collider (ILC) study which has chosen to use super-conducting cavities with accelerating gradients in the range of 30-40 MV/m to obtain centre-of-mass collision energies of 0.5-1 TeV, the CLIC study aims to use a normal-conducting system based on two-beam technology with gradients of 150 MV/m. It is generally accepted that this change in technology is not only necessary but the only viable choice for a cost-effective multi-TeV collider. The CLIC study group is studying the technology issues of such a machine, and is in particular developing state-of-the-art 30 GHz molybdenum-iris accelerating structures and power extraction and transfer structures (PETS). The accelerating structure has a new geometry which includes fully-profiled RF surfaces optimised to minimize surface fields, and hybri...

  3. 1958 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 28, NO. 13, JULY 1, 2010 Outage Statistics in a Waveplate Hinge Model of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biondini, Gino

    1958 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 28, NO. 13, JULY 1, 2010 Outage Statistics sampling and the cross-entropy method. The outage probability is then obtained combining these results with the outage map method, allowing the fraction of bands with unac- ceptable outage probabilities

  4. Modeling and Technologies of Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Brandon G. Bale, Oleg G. Okhitnikov, and Sergei K. Turitsyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turitsyn, Sergei K.

    for simplicity, maintenance, and reliability, however, have not been met by conventional ultrafast technology with reliable and cost- effective components, which makes suitably designed fiber lasers real contenders many alignment issues, it also distributes heat generated by optical pumping over the length

  5. Models for evaluation of energy technology and policy options to maximize low carbon source penetration in the United States energy supply.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickard, Paul S.; Kataoka, Dawn; Reno, Marissa Devan; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Peplinski, William J.; Roach, Jesse D.; Brainard, James Robert; West, Todd H.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2009-12-01

    An initial version of a Systems Dynamics (SD) modeling framework was developed for the analysis of a broad range of energy technology and policy questions. The specific question selected to demonstrate this process was 'what would be the carbon and import implications of expanding nuclear electric capacity to provide power for plug in hybrid vehicles?' Fifteen SNL SD energy models were reviewed and the US Energy and Greenhouse gas model (USEGM) and the Global Nuclear Futures model (GEFM) were identified as the basis for an initial modeling framework. A basic U.S. Transportation model was created to model U.S. fleet changes. The results of the rapid adoption scenario result in almost 40% of light duty vehicles being PHEV by 2040 which requires about 37 GWy/y of additional electricity demand, equivalent to about 25 new 1.4 GWe nuclear plants. The adoption rate of PHEVs would likely be the controlling factor in achieving the associated reduction in carbon emissions and imports.

  6. Exploration Technologies - Technology Needs Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, Amanda I.; Thorsteinsson, Hildigunnur; Reinhardt, Tim; Solomon, Samantha; James, Mallory

    2011-06-01

    This assessment is a critical component of ongoing technology roadmapping efforts, and will be used to guide the Geothermal Technology Program's research and development.

  7. Proc. of 2nd Intern. Workshop "New Models of Business: Managerial Aspects and Enabling Technology", St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 26-28, 2002, 212-220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivulin, Nikolai K.

    Proc. of 2nd Intern. Workshop "New Models of Business: Managerial Aspects and Enabling Technology, the information systems normally provide for modeling of business processes on the basis of both mathematical", St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 26-28, 2002, 212-220 Algebraic Modeling

  8. Ryutarou Ohbuchi, Takahiro Minamitani, Tsuyoshi Takei, Shape-similarity search of 3D models by using enhanced shape functions, International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology (IJCAT), pp.70-85, Vol.23, No. 2/3/4, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    -85, Vol.23, No. 2/3/4, 2005 2 animation software are defined as polygon soup models, it is quite important on the Internet and in in-house databases prompted development of the technology for effective content

  9. MICROSIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL LAND DEVELOPMENT AND HOUSEHOLD LOCATION CHOICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    maximization and bid-rent theory, this paper investigates single-family residential location choices of new distribution). On the demand side, individual households (characterized by size, income, and presence and land owners maximize profits and/or rents. The simulation analysis offers insights into key features

  10. Emotion Regulation Choice: A Conceptual Framework and Supporting Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, James J.

    Emotion Regulation Choice: A Conceptual Framework and Supporting Evidence Gal Sheppes Tel Aviv that remains virtually unexplored is that of emotion regulation. This is surprising given that healthy adaptation requires flexibly choosing between regulation strategies in a manner that is responsive

  11. MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory The Choices We Make

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory The Choices We Make Frédo Durand MIT CSAIL #12;MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Introduction · My background ­ Math Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Introduction · I don't build tools, I am an academic

  12. Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaimé University.hankins@uky.edu Jarrad Harford University of Washington Email: jarrad@uw.edu August 2011 Abstract: Risk management of hedging and for other determinants of payout policy and risk management, including institutional ownership

  13. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1996-01-01

    Restructuring of interstate pipeline companies has created new choices and challenges for local distribution companies (LDCs), their regulators, and their customers. The process of separating interstate pipeline gas sales from transportation service has been completed and has resulted in greater gas procurement options for LDCs.

  14. Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS Directions. Please indicate the concentration to which you are applying: General Psychology (GEN) Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Substance Abuse Treatment Psychology (SATP) 2. Using a scale of 1 to 5 (where 1

  15. The ``Alternative'' Choice of Constitutive Exons throughout Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pupko, Tal

    The ``Alternative'' Choice of Constitutive Exons throughout Evolution Galit Lev-Maor1[ , Amir Goren of Neurobiochemistry, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel Alternative cassette exons are known to originate from two by which constitutively spliced exons become alternative cassette exons during evolution. We compiled

  16. Optimization of the BEOL Interconnect Stack for Advanced Semiconductor Technology Nodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Pooja Pradeep

    2015-01-01

    Stage Validation: Predictive Technology Models . . 3.4.12.6 Predictive Technology Models . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7Library in 15nm FreePDK Technology”, Proc. ISPD, 2015, pp.

  17. Thermally Activated Technologies Technology Roadmap, May 2003...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermally Activated Technologies Technology Roadmap, May 2003 Thermally Activated Technologies Technology Roadmap, May 2003 The purpose of this Technology Roadmap is to outline a...

  18. Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McDermott, K.A. [Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies

    1992-05-01

    This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

  19. Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); McDermott, K.A. (Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies)

    1992-01-01

    This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

  20. Technology Choices for the PV Industry: A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Sarah; Dornfeld, David A

    2005-01-01

    2000), “Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Solar HomePV INDUSTRY: A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Sarah Boydinput-output life cycle assessment (EIOLCA) to capture both

  1. Market Share Elasticities for Fuel and Technology Choice in Home Heating and Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    Data. Both fuel prices and capital costs are taken for the2 Price, Income, and Capital Cost Elasticities for Marketby operating and capital costs (or which are otherwise

  2. The Privacy and Safety Impact of Technology Choices for Command, Communications and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowcroft, Jon

    of removing road tax altogether, and funding the roads entirely from usage bills. However, the deployment the economic perspective, more efficient use of road resources may be achievable. From a safety perspective, it would clearly be good to reduce road injury and death statistics below the current "9/11"'s-worth per

  3. Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) (Fact Sheet)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,EnergyFinancingWIPPFixed Monthly1Industry - Factan

  4. Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) (Fact Sheet)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat Is andFederal Test

  5. Statistical Basis for Predicting Technological Progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagy, Bela

    Forecasting technological progress is of great interest to engineers, policy makers, and private investors. Several models have been proposed for predicting technological improvement, but how well do these models perform? ...

  6. Interactions among bioenergy feedstock choices, landscape dynamics, and land use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Wright, Lynn L [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Landscape implications of bioenergy feedstock choices are significant and depend on land-use practices and their environmental impacts. Although land-use changes and carbon emissions associated with bioenergy feedstock production are dynamic and complicated, lignocellulosic feedstocks may offer opportunities that enhance sustainability when compared to other transportation fuel alternatives. For bioenergy sustainability, major drivers and concerns revolve around energy security, food production, land productivity, soil carbon and erosion, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and water quantity and quality. The many implications of bioenergy feedstock choices require several indicators at multiple scales to provide a more complete accounting of effects. Ultimately, the long-term sustainability of bioenergy feedstock resources (as well as food supplies) throughout the world depends on land-use practices and landscape dynamics. Land-management decisions often invoke trade-offs among potential environmental effects and social and economic factors as well as future opportunities for resource use. The hypothesis being addressed in this paper is that sustainability of bioenergy feedstock production can be achieved via appropriately designed crop residue and perennial lignocellulosic systems. We find that decision makers need scientific advancements and adequate data that both provide quantitative and qualitative measures of the effects of bioenergy feedstock choices at different spatial and temporal scales and allow fair comparisons among available options for renewable liquid fuels.

  7. Artificial neural networks in models of specialization, guild evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Artificial neural networks in models of specialization, guild evolution and sympatric speciation on host choice, employing artificial neural networks as models for the host recognition system

  8. Application of a New Structural Model & Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Technologies Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Relevance of research: Improve exploration technologies for range-hosted geothermal systems:Employ new concept models and apply existing methods in new ways; Breaking geothermal exploration tasks into new steps, segmenting the problem differently; Testing new models for dilatent structures; Utilizing shallow thermal aquifer model to focus exploration; Refining electrical interpretation methods to map shallow conductive featuresIdentifying key faults as fluid conduits; and Employ soil gas surveys to detect volatile elements and gases common to geothermal systems.

  9. Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    home) Income REST OF NEW YORK CITY Population Density (home)Use For Commuting in New York City with Endogenous Choice ofResidential Location Choice in New York City: A Study of the

  10. PRESSURE ACTIVATED SEALANT TECHNOLOGY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael A. Romano

    2004-04-01

    The objective of this project is to develop new, efficient, cost effective methods of internally sealing natural gas pipeline leaks through the application of differential pressure activated sealants. In researching the current state of the art for gas pipeline sealing technologies we concluded that if the project was successful, it appeared that pressure activated sealant technology would provide a cost effective alternative to existing pipeline repair technology. From our analysis of current field data for a 13 year period from 1985 to 1997 we were able to identify 205 leaks that were candidates for pressure activated sealant technology, affirming that pressure activated sealant technology is a viable option to traditional external leak repairs. The data collected included types of defects, areas of defects, pipe sizes and materials, incident and operating pressures, ability of pipeline to be pigged and corrosion states. This data, and subsequent analysis, was utilized as a basis for constructing applicable sealant test modeling.

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGIES, VOL. 26, NO. 1, MARCH 2003 165 Creating Compact Models of Complex Electronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    packaging community has a great need to reduce the size of its heat transfer simulations so that it can identification: one would like to know how to dramatically reduce the size of heat transfer simulations when complex geometries). Fortunately, the topic of low-order modeling for design has been widely studied

  12. 288 Int. J. Nuclear Energy Science and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2013 Multi-physics modelling of nuclear reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    of nuclear reactors: current practices in a nutshell Christophe Demazière Department of Applied Physics of nuclear reactors are based on the use of different solvers for resolving the different physical fields and the corresponding approximations. Keywords: nuclear reactors; multi-physics; multi-scale; modelling; deterministic

  13. A Stochastic Optimization Case Study using ILOG CPLEX Concert Technology: Dual Sourcing Model for Managing Supply Chain Disruptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

    of a company under uncertainty is proposed in this study. Deterministic planning and scheduling models is optimal usage of future resources on the basis of available present information and future scenarios1 increase. As simple as uncertain lead time can affect the production plans which necessitates

  14. Normal Conducting CLIC Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, Erk

    2006-01-03

    The CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) multi-lateral study group based at CERN is studying the technology for an electron-positron linear collider with a centre-of-mass energy up to 5 TeV. In contrast to the International Linear Collider (ILC) study which has chosen to use super-conducting cavities with accelerating gradients in the range of 30-40 MV/m to obtain centre-of-mass collision energies of 0.5-1 TeV, the CLIC study aims to use a normal-conducting system based on two-beam technology with gradients of 150 MV/m. It is generally accepted that this change in technology is not only necessary but the only viable choice for a cost-effective multi-TeV collider. The CLIC study group is studying the technology issues of such a machine, and is in particular developing state-of-the-art 30 GHz molybdenum-iris accelerating structures and power extraction and transfer structures (PETS). The accelerating structure has a new geometry which includes fully-profiled RF surfaces optimised to minimize surface fields, and hybrid damping using both iris slots and radial waveguides. A newly-developed structure-optimisation procedure has been used to simultaneously balance surface fields, power flow, short and long-range transverse wakefields, RF-to-beam efficiency and the ratio of luminosity to input power. The slotted irises allow a simple structure fabrication by high-precision high-speed 3D milling of just four pieces, and an even easier bolted assembly in a vacuum chamber.

  15. High Impact Technology Catalyst: Technology Deployment Strategies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Impact Technology Catalyst: Technology Deployment Strategies High Impact Technology Catalyst: Technology Deployment Strategies The Energy Department released the High Impact...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies Annual Progress Report Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies Annual Progress Report The...

  17. Consumer Choice and Industrial Policy: a Study of UK Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giulietti, Monica; Waddams Price, Catherine; Waterson, Michael

    2003-01-01

    choice among retail energy suppliers: the willingness-to-payimposed for changing energy suppliers, there is a time cost

  18. Technology '90

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories have a long history of excellence in performing research and development in a number of areas, including the basic sciences, applied-energy technology, and weapons-related technology. Although technology transfer has always been an element of DOE and laboratory activities, it has received increasing emphasis in recent years as US industrial competitiveness has eroded and efforts have increased to better utilize the research and development resources the laboratories provide. This document, Technology '90, is the latest in a series that is intended to communicate some of the many opportunities available for US industry and universities to work with the DOE and its laboratories in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. Technology '90 is divided into three sections: Overview, Technologies, and Laboratories. The Overview section describes the activities and accomplishments of the DOE research and development program offices. The Technologies section provides descriptions of new technologies developed at the DOE laboratories. The Laboratories section presents information on the missions, programs, and facilities of each laboratory, along with a name and telephone number of a technology transfer contact for additional information. Separate papers were prepared for appropriate sections of this report.

  19. Centrifuge modeling of LNAPL transport in partially saturated sand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esposito, G.; Allersma, H.G.B.; Selvadurai, A.P.S.

    1999-12-01

    Model tests were performed at the Geotechnical Centrifuge Facility of Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, to examine the mechanics of light nonaqueous phase liquid (LNAPL) movement in a partially saturated porous granular medium. The experiment simulated a 2D spill of LNAPL in an unsaturated sand prepared at two values of porosity. The duration of the centrifuge model tests corresponded to a prototype equivalent of 110 days. The choice of modeling a 2D flow together with the use of a transparent container enabled direct visual observation of the experiments. Scaling laws developed in connection with other centrifuge modeling studies were used to support the test results. Tests were conducted at two different centrifuge accelerations to verify, by means of the modeling of models technique, the similitude between the different experiments. The paper presents details of the experimental methodologies and the measuring techniques used to evaluate the final distribution of water and LNAPL content in the soils.

  20. Weapons and commercial plutonium ultimate disposition choices: Destroy ``completely`` or store forever

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, C.D.

    1994-07-01

    All of the options under consideration for weapons and commercial plutonium disposition ultimately boil down to the choices of either ``complete`` destruction or storage ``forever.`` None of the reactor-based plutonium burning systems demonstrated over the past 50 years of reactor development consume this material completely. Ultimately considerable unburned plutonium must be stored ``forever`` from those systems. Plutonium is considered to be dangerous both as a weapons material and as a health hazard. While properly stored plutonium might never make its way back by natural phenomena into the environment as a health hazard, stored plutonium is always accessible to recovery for malevolent purposes. It must be guarded wherever in the world it is stored for as long as it continues to exist. Complete destruction of the plutonium eliminates this material as a concern of future generations. Los Alamos National Laboratory accelerator-driven technology promises to allow safe and complete destruction of this material. Furthermore it appears that in the process of destruction the neutron rich features of the weapons plutonium provides benefits to society that place a value on weapons plutonium exceeding that of highly enriched uranium. A realistic time scale for development and deployment of burial technology either with or without partial burning in reactors is expected to be comparable with or to exceed the time for development and deployment of the accelerator-driven destruction method under study at Los Alamos.

  1. IC-Compatible Technologies for Optical MEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krygowski, T.W.; Sniegowski, J.J.

    1999-04-30

    Optical Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (Optical MEMS) Technology holds the promise of one-day producing highly integrated optical systems on a common, monolithic substrate. The choice of fabrication technology used to manufacture Optical MEMS will play a pivotal role in the size, functionality and ultimately the cost of optical Microsystems. By leveraging the technology base developed for silicon integrated circuits, large batches of routers, emitters, detectors and amplifiers will soon be fabricated for literally pennies per part. In this article we review the current status of technologies used for Optical MEMS, as well as fabrication technologies of the future, emphasizing manufacturable surface micromachining approaches to producing reliable, low-cost devices for optical communications applications.

  2. FTT:Power : A global model of the power sector with induced technological change and natural resource depletion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercure, Jean-Francois

    2011-08-25

    to reproduce the sigmoid (S -shaped) character of techno- logical transitions that stem from their dynamic nature. Most models use instead procedures of energy systems optimisation based on cost minimisation, which produces optimal equilib- rium solutions... at every second, and therefore some flexibility must exist to make both meet. This is done with power plants which have the ability to vary their output rapidly, such as combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT) or hydroelectric dams. However, a large fraction...

  3. Development of a Kelp-type Structure Module in a Coastal Ocean Model to Assess the Hydrodynamic Impact of Seawater Uranium Extraction Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Taiping; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Long, Wen; Gill, Gary A.

    2014-02-07

    In recent years, with the rapid growth of global energy demand, the interest in extracting uranium from seawater for nuclear energy has been renewed. While extracting seawater uranium is not yet commercially viable, it serves as a “backstop” to the conventional uranium resources and provides an essentially unlimited supply of uranium resource. With recent advances in seawater uranium extraction technology, extracting uranium from seawater could be economically feasible when the extraction devices are deployed at a large scale (e.g., several hundred km2). There is concern however that the large scale deployment of adsorbent farms could result in potential impacts to the hydrodynamic flow field in an oceanic setting. In this study, a kelp-type structure module was incorporated into a coastal ocean model to simulate the blockage effect of uranium extraction devices on the flow field. The module was quantitatively validated against laboratory flume experiments for both velocity and turbulence profiles. The model-data comparison showed an overall good agreement and validated the approach of applying the model to assess the potential hydrodynamic impact of uranium extraction devices or other underwater structures in coastal oceans.

  4. Choice of materials for the construction of the TRT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romaniouk, A

    1998-01-01

    This paper is mainly based on a compilation of existing experimental data and on the experience gained by the TRT collaboration over more than 8 years, concerning ageing phenomena in proportional gas chambers and radiation hardness of materials commonly used for the construction of gaseous detectors. Aspects of the impact of the choice of construction materials on the TRT straw behaviour in an environment with high radiation levels are discussed. Explicit recommendations concerning the design of the detector mechanics and of the active gas system are given wherever possible at the end of each Section.

  5. Human choice and climate change. Four volume set

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.; Malone, E.L.

    1997-12-31

    The four-volume set assesses social science research relevant to global climate change from a wide-ranging interdisciplinary perspective. Taking human choice within social institutions as the starting point, noted researchers examine climate change issues in the context of societal issues such as population and consumption; cultural, institutional, and economic arrangements for human well-being; and the social processes by which decisions are made from local to global levels. This four-volume assessment is intended to complement the work of the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

  6. Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golove, William

    2003-03-01

    This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

  7. Technology Assessment

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    capabilities that are energy efficient, low environmental impact 72 and lower cost and that are employed to manufacture technologies and products for clean energy 73...

  8. Interactions between fuel choice and energy-efficiency in new homes in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, A.D.; Englin, J.E.; Bruneau, C.L.

    1990-12-01

    In recent years the Bonneville Power Administration has instituted programs to prompt the implementation of the residential Model Conservation Standards (MCS) issued by the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in 1983. These standards provide alternative methods for designing and constructing homes to cost effectively reduce residential energy consumption. Authority exists to apply them only to new, electrically heated homes. Because they apply to electrically heated homes, concerns have arisen about how the standards might affect buyers' decisions to purchase a new home, in particular, their choice of a heating fuel. Early data suggested that electricity started losing market share in Tacoma about when the MCS went into effect in 1984, and recent data have shown that about half of electricity's share of the new home market has shifted to natural gas. This decline in electric heating was consistent with concerns about the possible detrimental effect of the cost of MCS on sales of electrically heated homes. A desire to understand the causes of the perceived decline in electricity's market share was part of the impetus for this study. Multiple techniques and data sources are used in this study to examine the relationship between residential energy-efficiency and fuel choice in the major metropolitan areas in Washington: Spokane, Clark, Pierce, and King Counties. Recent regional surveys have shown that electricity is the predominant space heating fuel in the Pacific Northwest, but it appears to be losing its dominance in some markets such as Tacoma.

  9. Rebates, loans, and consumers` choice of appliance efficiency level: Combining stated and revealed-preference data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Train, K.E.; Atherton, T.

    1995-12-31

    Residential customers` choice of efficiency level for appliances, and their participation in demand-side management (DSM) programs, are examined using data on customers` stated preferences in hypothetical (i.e., conjoint-type) situations and their revealed preferences in real-world choices. The analysis provides information on customers` willingness to pay for energy savings, the importance of rebates in customers` decisions, and customers` response to DSM programs that offer loans for purchases of high-efficiency appliances. An estimated model is used to forecast the decisions of customers under: higher rebates, replacement of rebates with finance programs, offering of loans and rebates as alternative options for customers, and the elimination of DSM programs. We find that attractive loans (e.g., low interest rates, loan repayment periods) are necessary to have the same effect as rebates. Programs that offer customers the option of loans or rebates are found to be far more effective than programs that offer only loans or only rebates. 12 refs., 5 figs.

  10. Careers in science and technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The objective of this book is to expose junior and senior high school students to the science and technology fields. It also will convey the importance of getting a general education in science and mathematics while still in high school and of continuing such studies in college. This is intended to encourge students, particularly underrepresented minorities and women, to consider and prepare for careers in science and technology. This book attempts to point out the increasing importance of such knowledge in daily life regardless of occupational choice. This book is intended to be used by junior and senior high school students, as a classroom reference by teachers, and by scientist and engineers participating in outreach activities.

  11. Technology Commercialization Showcase 2008 Vehicle Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Patrick B.

    2009-06-19

    Presentation illustrating various technology commercialization opportunities and unexploited investment gaps for the Vehicle Technologies Program.

  12. Monte-Carlo Modeling of Parameters of a Subcritical Cascade Reactor Based on MSBR and LMFBR Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bznuni, S A; Zhamkochyan, V M; Polanski, A; Sosnin, A N; Khudaverdyan, A H

    2001-01-01

    Parameters of a subcritical cascade reactor driven by a proton accelerator and based on a primary lead-bismuth target, main reactor constructed analogously to the molten salt breeder (MSBR) reactor core and a booster-reactor analogous to the core of the BN-350 liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor (LMFBR). It is shown by means of Monte-Carlo modeling that the reactor under study provides safe operation modes (k_{eff}=0.94-0.98), is apable to transmute effectively radioactive nuclear waste and reduces by an order of magnitude the requirements on the accelerator beam current. Calculations show that the maximal neutron flux in the thermal zone is 10^{14} cm^{12}\\cdot s^_{-1}, in the fast booster zone is 5.12\\cdot10^{15} cm^{12}\\cdot s{-1} at k_{eff}=0.98 and proton beam current I=2.1 mA.

  13. Thermally activated technologies: Technology Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this Technology Roadmap is to outline a set of actions for government and industry to develop thermally activated technologies for converting America’s wasted heat resources into a reservoir of pollution-free energy for electric power, heating, cooling, refrigeration, and humidity control. Fuel flexibility is important. The actions also cover thermally activated technologies that use fossil fuels, biomass, and ultimately hydrogen, along with waste heat.

  14. sustainable technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    : · realize continuous improvements in performance (efficiency), cost and manufacturability of PV technologies, transformative PV technologies that circumvent cost/performance trade-offs and maintain compatibility with P the growing demand for energy. Photovoltaics (PV) leverages one of the 20th century's greatest scientific

  15. Improving Food Acess in South and West Berkeley: An Evaluation of the Farm Fresh Choice Farmers Market Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messerschmidt, Matthew T

    2006-01-01

    of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity.Cancer Research. (1997). Food, Nutrition and the Preventionin Relation to Healthy Food Choice. Journal of Consulting

  16. Technology's Impact on Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

    2009-06-30

    As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

  17. Analysis of Auto Industry and Consumer Response to Regulations and Technological Change, and Customization of Consumer Response Models in Support of AB 1493 Rulemaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    of the Emerging Hybrid- Electric and Diesel Technologies toair bags, and hybrid electric vehicles in the US; and diesel

  18. National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. through 2030. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NEMS can be used to analyze the effects of existing and proposed government laws and regulations related to energy production and use; the potential impact of new and advanced energy production, conversion, and consumption technologies; the impact and cost of greenhouse gas control; the impact of increased use of renewable energy sources; and the potential savings from increased efficiency of energy use; and the impact of regulations on the use of alternative or reformulated fuels. NEMS has also been used for a number of special analyses at the request of the Administration, U.S. Congress, other offices of DOE and other government agencies, who specify the scenarios and assumptions for the analysis. Modules allow analyses to be conducted in energy topic areas such as residential demand, industrial demand, electricity market, oil and gas supply, renewable fuels, etc.

  19. INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES THERMOSELECT TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES THERMOSELECT TECHNOLOGY AN OVERVIEW Presented to the DELAWARE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP January 10, 2006 #12;2 INTERSTATE WASTE MANAGEMENT ALLIANCE and maintenance (30 years) ­ Will guarantee performance and Operation and Maintenance ­ Serves solid waste

  20. Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knittel, Christopher R

    2009-01-01

    engine power/weight technology costs is correlated withto Vehicle-Speci?c Technology Costs I estimate threefor Proxies of Technology Costs Base Cobb-Douglas Model

  1. Quantum cosmological solutions: their dependence on the choice of gauge conditions and physical interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2008-01-30

    In "extended phase space" approach to quantum geometrodynamics numerical solutions to Schrodinger equation corresponding to various choice of gauge conditions are obtained for the simplest isotropic model. The "extended phase space" approach belongs to those appeared in the last decade in which, as a result of fixing a reference frame, the Wheeler - DeWitt static picture of the world is replaced by evolutionary quantum geometrodynamics. Some aspects of this approach were discussed at two previous PIRT meetings. We are interested in the part of the wave function depending on physical degrees of freedom. Three gauge conditions having a clear physical meaning are considered. They are the conformal time gauge, the gauge producing the appearance of Lambda-term in the Einstein equations, and the one covering the two previous cases as asymptotic limits. The interpretation and discussion of the obtained solutions is given.

  2. The National Energy Modeling System: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period of 1990 to 2010. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system. The second chapter describes the modeling structure. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. Additional background on the development of the system is provided in Appendix A of this report, which describes the EIA modeling systems that preceded NEMS. More detailed model documentation reports for all the NEMS modules are also available from EIA.

  3. Probabilistic transient analysis of fuel choices for sodium fast reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denman, Matthew R

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents the implications of using a risk-informed licensing framework to inform the design of Sodium Fast Reactors. NUREG-1860, more commonly known as the Technology Neutral Framework (TNF), is a risk-informed ...

  4. U.S. Department of Energy Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    spreadsheet model developed by the Geothermal Technologies Program to assess power generation costs and the potential for technology improvements to impact those generation...

  5. Stigmergy in Comparative Settlement Choice and Palaeoenvironment Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ch'ng, Eugene; Hakvoort, Gido

    2015-01-01

    Decisions on settlement location in the face of climate change and coastal inundation may have resulted in success, survival or even catastrophic failure for early settlers in many parts of the world. In this study we investigate various questions related to how individuals respond to a palaeoenvironmental simulation, on an interactive tabletop device where participants have the opportunity to build a settlement on a coastal landscape, balancing safety and access to resources, including sea and terrestrial foodstuffs, whilst taking into consideration the threat of rising sea levels. The results of the study were analysed to consider whether decisions on settlement were predicated to be near to locations where previous structures were located, stigmergically, and whether later settler choice would fare better, and score higher, as time progressed. The proximity of settlements was investigated and the reasons for clustering were considered. The interactive simulation was exhibited to thousands of visitors at th...

  6. Technology Validation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To reduce solar technology risks, DOE and its partners evaluate the performance and reliability of novel photovoltaic (PV) hardware and systems through laboratory and field testing. The focus of...

  7. GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Fredrich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Technologies3 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Industrial demand on heat in Germany Heatdemandin Fredrich GEA Grasso heat pumps using ammonia ­ the megawatt range #12;GEA Refrigeration Technologies2 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Heat pumps using ammonia ­ a sustainable choice How to improve

  8. Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative: Technology Research and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Motors' lightweight composite technology. DOE R&D has reduced the modeled, high-volume cost of advanced battery technology to 289 per kilowatt hour-40 percent lower than what it...

  9. Technology Roadmap Analysis 2013: Assessing Automotive Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Roadmap Analysis 2013: Assessing Automotive Technology R&D Relevant to DOE Power Electronics Cost Targets Technology Roadmap Analysis 2013: Assessing Automotive...

  10. Building Technologies Office Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Roland Risser Director, Building Technologies Office Building Technologies Office Energy Efficiency Starts Here. 2 Building Technologies Office Integrated Approach: Improving...

  11. Comparison and validation of HEU and LEU modeling results to HEU experimental benchmark data for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MITR reactor.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newton, T. H.; Wilson, E. H; Bergeron, A.; Horelik, N.; Stevens, J. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (MIT Nuclear Reactor Lab.)

    2011-03-02

    The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Reactor (MITR-II) is a research reactor in Cambridge, Massachusetts designed primarily for experiments using neutron beam and in-core irradiation facilities. It delivers a neutron flux comparable to current LWR power reactors in a compact 6 MW core using Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) fuel. In the framework of its non-proliferation policies, the international community presently aims to minimize the amount of nuclear material available that could be used for nuclear weapons. In this geopolitical context, most research and test reactors both domestic and international have started a program of conversion to the use of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. A new type of LEU fuel based on an alloy of uranium and molybdenum (UMo) is expected to allow the conversion of U.S. domestic high performance reactors like the MITR-II reactor. Towards this goal, comparisons of MCNP5 Monte Carlo neutronic modeling results for HEU and LEU cores have been performed. Validation of the model has been based upon comparison to HEU experimental benchmark data for the MITR-II. The objective of this work was to demonstrate a model which could represent the experimental HEU data, and therefore could provide a basis to demonstrate LEU core performance. This report presents an overview of MITR-II model geometry and material definitions which have been verified, and updated as required during the course of validation to represent the specifications of the MITR-II reactor. Results of calculations are presented for comparisons to historical HEU start-up data from 1975-1976, and to other experimental benchmark data available for the MITR-II Reactor through 2009. This report also presents results of steady state neutronic analysis of an all-fresh LEU fueled core. Where possible, HEU and LEU calculations were performed for conditions equivalent to HEU experiments, which serves as a starting point for safety analyses for conversion of MITR-II from the use of HEU fuel to the use of UMo LEU fuel.

  12. Developing the Business of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    -a-Company Find-a-Company vs. #12;Business Model What Combination of Business Activities? Research ProductDeveloping the Business of Technology #12;Developing the Business of Technology Universities Business Development Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Product Development Business Development Naïve Planning

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: A Systematic Multiscale Modeling and Experimental Approach to Understand Corrosion at Grain Boundaries in Magnesium Alloys

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Mississippi State University at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a systematic...

  14. Specialty choice in times of economic crisis: a cross-sectional survey of Spanish medical students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey E.

    Objective: To investigate the determinants of specialty choice among graduating medical students in Spain, a country that entered into a severe, ongoing economic crisis in 2008.

  15. The Causal Relationship between the Built Environment and Personal Travel Choice: Evidence from Northern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, XinYu

    2007-01-01

    accessed on August 4, 2005. Beggs, S. D. and Cardell, S.type choices (e.g. , Beggs and Cardell, 1980; Berkovec and

  16. The Influence of Elections on the Accounting Choices of Governmental Entities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kido, Nolan

    This paper investigates whether gubernatorial elections affect state governments’ accounting choices. We identify two accounts, the compensated absence liability account and the unfunded pension liability account, which ...

  17. New technologies for refrigeration without CFCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, G.W.

    1992-09-01

    Today the appliance industry and other cooling industries are facing the double challenge of eliminating environmentally harmful CFCs while simultaneously improving energy efficiency. These challenges will force this industry to make tremendous changes and to work out many difficult problems, ranging from choice of technology through production-line retooling to product-liability concerns. Three new cooling technologies--sonic compression, thermoacoustic refrigeration, and Malone refrigeration--have been developed at least in part at Los Alamos National Laboratory. We will discuss the principles, features, and status of each of these three technologies. With these three examples we hope to show that mechanical compression and subsequent evaporation of CFCs is not the only potentially practical way to produce cooling. These examples are only three of many alternative cooling technologies. No new technology can be guaranteed a success before development is complete, from either an economic or engineering point of view. But enough alternative cooling technologies exist, and the probability for success of each technology is high enough, that one or more of these technologies can almost certainly be produced at reasonable cost, eliminate CFCS, and reduce the consumption of electricity.

  18. Appendix A: Energy storage technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The project financial evaluation section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes structures and models to support the technical and economic status of emerging renewable energy options for electricity supply.

  19. Roof bolting equipment & technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2009-04-15

    Technology provides an evaluator path to improvement for roof bolting machines. Bucyrus offers three different roof bolts models for various mining conditions. The LRB-15 AR is a single-arm boiler recommended for ranges of 32 inches and above; the dual-arm RB2-52A for ranges of 42 inches and above; and the dual-arm RB2-88A for ranges of 54 inches and above. Design features are discussed in the article. Developments in roof bolting technology by Joy Mining Machinery are reported. 4 photos.

  20. Photovoltaic manufacturing technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wohlgemuth, J.H.; Whitehouse, D.; Wiedeman, S.; Catalano, A.W.; Oswald, R. (Solarex Corp., Frederick, MD (United States))

    1991-12-01

    This report identifies steps leading to manufacturing large volumes of low-cost, large-area photovoltaic (PV) modules. Both crystalline silicon and amorphous silicon technologies were studied. Cost reductions for each step were estimated and compared to Solarex Corporation's manufacturing costs. A cost model, a simple version of the SAMICS methodology developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), projected PV selling prices. Actual costs of materials, labor, product yield, etc., were used in the cost model. The JPL cost model compared potential ways of lowering costs. Solarex identified the most difficult technical challenges that, if overcome, would reduce costs. Preliminary research plans were developed to solve the technical problems. 13 refs.

  1. Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids inCommercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui,Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

    2007-01-15

    The deployment of small (<1-2 MW) clusters of generators,heat and electrical storage, efficiency investments, and combined heatand power (CHP) applications (particularly involving heat activatedcooling) in commercial buildings promises significant benefits but posesmany technical and financial challenges, both in system choice and itsoperation; if successful, such systems may be precursors to widespreadmicrogrid deployment. The presented optimization approach to choosingsuch systems and their operating schedules uses Berkeley Lab'sDistributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model [DER-CAM], extendedto incorporate electrical storage options. DER-CAM chooses annual energybill minimizing systems in a fully technology-neutral manner. Anillustrative example for a San Francisco hotel is reported. The chosensystem includes two engines and an absorption chiller, providing anestimated 11 percent cost savings and 10 percent carbon emissionreductions, under idealized circumstances.

  2. Comparison of Uncertainty of Two Precipitation Prediction Models...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Lab Technical Area 54 Meteorological inputs are an important part of subsurface flow and transport modeling. The choice of source for meteorological data used as inputs has...

  3. Sandia Energy - Phenomenological Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phenomenological Modeling Home Stationary Power Nuclear Fuel Cycle Nuclear Energy Safety Technologies Phenomenological Modeling Phenomenological ModelingTara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-1...

  4. PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, Jane S.; Moezzi, Mithra; Lutzenhiser, Susan; Woods, James; Dethman, Linda; Kunkle, Rick

    2009-10-01

    Research Into Action, Inc. and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) worked together to conduct research on the behaviors and energy use patterns of SMUD residential customers who voluntarily signed on to a Time-of-Use rate pilot launched under the PowerChoice label. The project was designed to consider the how and why of residential customers ability and willingness to engage in demand reduction behaviors, and to link social and behavioral factors to observed changes in demand. The research drew on a combination of load interval data and three successive surveys of participating households. Two experimental treatments were applied to test the effects of increased information on households ability to respond to the Time-of-Use rates. Survey results indicated that participants understood the purpose of the Time-of-Use rate and undertook substantial appropriate actions to shift load and conserve. Statistical tests revealed minor initial price effects and more marked, but still modest, adjustments to seasonal rate changes. Tests of the two information interventions indicated that neither made much difference to consumption patterns. Despite the lackluster statistical evidence for load shifting, the analysis points to key issues for critical analysis and development of residential Time-of-Use rates, especially pertinent as California sets the stage for demand response in more California residences.

  5. Engineering &Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    Software Technologies Deloitte Dialog Semiconductor ECM Selection EDT-Year in Industry EMC Corporation to join our organisation and be based in our Ferndown, Dorset, location within our product electronics have application, design and manufacturing facilities in Canada, America, Europe and China. We

  6. Manufacturing technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Manufacturing Technologies Center is an integral part of Sandia National Laboratories, a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory, operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) with major facilities at Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. Our Center is at the core of Sandia`s Advanced Manufacturing effort which spans the entire product realization process.

  7. Pyroprocessing Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    of pyrochemical processes for the recycle of oxide, carbide and other advanced fuels and laid the foundationPyroprocessing Technologies RECYCLING USED NUCLEAR FUEL FOR A SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURE #12;32 Storing Used Nuclear Fuel is a Real Waste Nuclear power is the most environmentally friendly way

  8. Building Technologies Office Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Building Technologies Office Overview Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  9. How predictable is technological progress?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, J Doyne

    2015-01-01

    Recently it has become clear that many technologies follow a generalized version of Moore's law, i.e. costs tend to drop exponentially, at different rates that depend on the technology. Here we formulate Moore's law as a time series model and apply it to historical data on 53 technologies. Under the simple assumption of a correlated geometric random walk we derive a closed form expression approximating the distribution of forecast errors as a function of time. Based on hind-casting experiments we show that it is possible to collapse the forecast errors for many different technologies at many time horizons onto the same universal distribution. As a practical demonstration we make distributional forecasts at different time horizons for solar photovoltaic modules, and show how our method can be used to estimate the probability that a given technology will outperform another technology at a given point in the future.

  10. Vacuum Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biltoft, P J

    2004-10-15

    The environmental condition called vacuum is created any time the pressure of a gas is reduced compared to atmospheric pressure. On earth we typically create a vacuum by connecting a pump capable of moving gas to a relatively leak free vessel. Through operation of the gas pump the number of gas molecules per unit volume is decreased within the vessel. As soon as one creates a vacuum natural forces (in this case entropy) work to restore equilibrium pressure; the practical effect of this is that gas molecules attempt to enter the evacuated space by any means possible. It is useful to think of vacuum in terms of a gas at a pressure below atmospheric pressure. In even the best vacuum vessels ever created there are approximately 3,500,000 molecules of gas per cubic meter of volume remaining inside the vessel. The lowest pressure environment known is in interstellar space where there are approximately four molecules of gas per cubic meter. Researchers are currently developing vacuum technology components (pumps, gauges, valves, etc.) using micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) technology. Miniature vacuum components and systems will open the possibility for significant savings in energy cost and will open the doors to advances in electronics, manufacturing and semiconductor fabrication. In conclusion, an understanding of the basic principles of vacuum technology as presented in this summary is essential for the successful execution of all projects that involve vacuum technology. Using the principles described above, a practitioner of vacuum technology can design a vacuum system that will achieve the project requirements.

  11. Science &Technology Facilities Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science &Technology Facilities Council Science &Technology Facilities Council Science and Technology Facilities Council Annual Report and Accounts 2011-2012 Science and Technology Facilities Council Laboratory, Cheshire; UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Edinburgh; Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire; Isaac

  12. SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 2004 SELECTING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECURITY PRODUCTS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology Information technology security prod ucts are essential to better secure infor mation technology (IT) systems

  13. Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mausam

    Crowdsourcing Control: Moving Beyond Multiple Choice Christopher H. Lin Mausam Daniel S. Weld Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 {chrislin,mausam,weld, and Weld 2010; 2011) to quality control is the restriction to multiple choice questions, i.e., jobs where

  14. Risk Analysis, Vol. , No. , DOI: Mean-Deviation Analysis in The Theory of Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Risk Analysis, Vol. , No. , DOI: Mean-Deviation Analysis in The Theory of Choice Bogdan Grechuk: mean-deviation analysis, theory of choice, deviation measures, coherent risk measures 1. INTRODUCTION for Risk Analysis #12;2 B. Grechuk, A. Molyboha, M. Zabarankin r.v. PC such that PC > PB with probability 1

  15. EMPIRICAL ARTICLE Restrictive Food Intake as a Choice--A Paradigm for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochsner, Kevin

    of Anorexia Nervosa (AN). The neurocognitive mechanisms underlying pathological food choice have not been to maladaptive food choices characteristic of AN. VC 2014 Wiley Periodi- cals, Inc. Keywords: anorexia nervosa:59­66) Introduction Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe disorder with a mortality rate among the highest of any

  16. VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH by Andrew D. Krueger All Rights Reserved #12;ii VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT thank you for your perspective on offshore renewable energy regulation. As committee members, your

  17. BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER Lemming winter habitat choice: a snow-fencing experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebs, Charles J.

    to enhance winter reproduction and sur- vival by arctic lemmings (Lemmus and Dicrostonyx spp). This leads a component of this hypothesis, that snow depth influences habitat choice, at three Canadian Arctic sites is a primary determinant of winter habitat choice by tundra lemmings and voles. Keywords Arctic ecology Á

  18. Considering latent attitudes in mode choice: The case of Switzerland Hurtubia, Atasoy, Glerum, Curchod and Bierlaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Considering latent attitudes in mode choice: The case of Switzerland Hurtubia, Atasoy, Glerum, Curchod and Bierlaire Considering latent attitudes in mode choice: The case of Switzerland Ricardo, Switzerland, ricardo.hurtubia@epfl.ch Bilge Atasoy, Transport and Mobility Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique F

  19. Cattle grazing behavior with season-long free-choice access to four forage types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    Cattle grazing behavior with season-long free-choice access to four forage types Jeffrey S. Fehmi Abstract This experiment investigated how season-long, free-choice grazing affected weekly cattle grazing pastures was uneven and negatively correlated with salt and water sites. Cattle can rotate themselves among

  20. On the method of optimal portfolio choice by cost-efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rüschendorf, Ludger

    On the method of optimal portfolio choice by cost-efficiency Ludger R¨uschendorf*, Viktor Wolf Freiburg, Germany Abstract We develop the method of optimal portfolio choice based on the concept of cost-efficiency class of cost-efficient payoffs. While the results for the cost-efficient payoff given so far

  1. Spoilt for Choice? The Costs and Benefits of Opening UK Residential Energy Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    sectors to new entrants. This paper focuses on opening retail markets, when supplier choice was extendedSpoilt for Choice? The Costs and Benefits of Opening UK Residential Energy Markets by Catherine constraints on prices in these markets, even though incumbents continue to supply more than 60% of consumers

  2. CSEM WP 123 Spoilt for Choice? The Costs and Benefits of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    on opening retail markets, when supplier choice was extended to residential consumers (it had already beenCSEM WP 123 Spoilt for Choice? The Costs and Benefits of Opening UK Residential Energy Markets Anglia, UK, and UCEI February 2004 This paper is part of the Center for the Study of Energy Markets (CSEM

  3. Analyzing Social Network Structures in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with Choice and Refusal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Analyzing Social Network Structures in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with Choice and Refusal Mark of Computer Sciences Technical Report CS-TR-94-1259 Abstract The Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with Choice and Refusal (IPD/CR) 44] is an ex- tension of the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma with evolution that allows

  4. Optimal Choice for Number of Strands in a Litz-Wire Transformer Winding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimal Choice for Number of Strands in a Litz-Wire Transformer Winding C. R. Sullivan Found Choice for Number of Strands in a Litz-Wire Transformer Winding Charles R. Sullivan Thayer School/inductor Abstract -- The number of strands to minimize loss in a litz-wire transformer winding is determined

  5. What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coltman, Tim

    1 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider? Edward Anderson , Tim Coltman and the direction of the research project. #12;2 What Drives the Choice of a Third Party Logistics Provider of their distinctive value propositions ­ a fact one would also expect holds true when companies choose a logistics

  6. Choice of reconstructed tissue properties affects interpretation of lung EIT images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Andy

    Choice of reconstructed tissue properties affects interpretation of lung EIT images Bartlomiej patients. In lung EIT, the EIT inverse problem is commonly linearised and only changes in electrical properties of the lung and artefacts introduced by the linearisation. #12;Choice of reconstructed tissue

  7. Making Sustainable Energy Choices: Insights on the Energy/Water/Land Nexus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    This periodic publication summarizes insights from the body of NREL analysis work. In this issue of Analysis Insights, we examine the implications of our energy choices on water, land use, climate, developmental goals, and other factors. Collectively, NREL's work helps policymakers and investors understand and evaluate energy choices within the complex web of connections, or nexus, between energy, water, and land.

  8. Optimal Supplier Choice with Discounting B. Goldengorin, J. Keane, V. Kuzmenko & M. K-S. Tso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    Optimal Supplier Choice with Discounting B. Goldengorin, J. Keane, V. Kuzmenko & M. K-S. Tso First of Mathematics, The University of Manchester #12;Optimal supplier choice with discounting B Goldengorin, J. Keane suppliers operate discount schedules based on total business value. We formulate the buyers's decision

  9. USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    USING WEIGHTED SUM METHOD FOR THE CHOICE OF THE NIGHT VISION GOGGLES BATTERY POWER SUPPLY Daniela into account device working range, weight and price and also electrical battery power supply lifetime, temperature working range and its mechanics. The multicriteria optimization choice of the electrical battery

  10. New Technologies | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fabricated to fit various turnstile models. Chemical Agent DetectorInterrogator This gun-like tool is an example of innovative technology - a true breakthrough for law...

  11. Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology (MHK) Instrumentation, Measurement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Computer Modeling Workshop The workshop brought together over 60 experts in marine energy technologies to disseminate technical information to the marine energy...

  12. Photovoltaic (PV)energy conversion is a rapidly growing technology for converting solar energy into electricity. The current production is over 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    Photovoltaic (PV)energy conversion is a rapidly growing technology for converting solar energy polymers, is making rapid strides towards becoming the low cost material of choice for PV energy conversion

  13. Is Carbon a Realistic Choice for ITER's Divertor?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.H. Skinner; G. Federici

    2005-05-13

    Tritium retention by co-deposition with carbon on the divertor target plate is predicted to limit ITER's DT burning plasma operations (e.g. to about 100 pulses for the worst conditions) before the in-vessel tritium inventory limit, currently set at 350 g, is reached. At this point, ITER will only be able to continue its burning plasma program if technology is available that is capable of rapidly removing large quantities of tritium from the vessel with over 90% efficiency. The removal rate required is four orders of magnitude faster than that demonstrated in current tokamaks. Eighteen years after the observation of co-deposition on JET and TFTR, such technology is nowhere in sight. The inexorable conclusion is that either a major initiative in tritium removal should be funded or that research priorities for ITER should focus on metal alternatives.

  14. Materials challenges in advanced coal conversion technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powem, C.A.; Morreale, B.D. [National Energy Technology Laboratory, Albany, OR (United States)

    2008-04-15

    Coal is a critical component in the international energy portfolio, used extensively for electricity generation. Coal is also readily converted to liquid fuels and/or hydrogen for the transportation industry. However, energy extracted from coal comes at a large environmental price: coal combustion can produce large quantities of ash and CO{sub 2}, as well as other pollutants. Advanced technologies can increase the efficiencies and decrease the emissions associated with burning coal and provide an opportunity for CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration. However, these advanced technologies increase the severity of plant operating conditions and thus require improved materials that can stand up to the harsh operating environments. The materials challenges offered by advanced coal conversion technologies must be solved in order to make burning coal an economically and environmentally sound choice for producing energy.

  15. Market penetration of new energy technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Packey, D.J.

    1993-02-01

    This report examines the characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and, for some, the mathematical formulas of forecasting methods that can be used to forecast the market penetration of renewable energy technologies. Among the methods studied are subjective estimation, market surveys, historical analogy models, cost models, diffusion models, time-series models, and econometric models. Some of these forecasting methods are more effective than others at different developmental stages of new technologies.

  16. The ASMGHG Model A Brief Technical Overview ASMGHG is an U.S. agricultural sector model specifically built for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    specifically built for the assessment of greenhouse gas emission mitigation options through agriculture. Thus, technological choices in ASMGHG are discrete in nature. However, sufficient flexibility plus the sum of producers' surplus in all input markets. Since prices are treated endogenously

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: First Principles Modeling of SEI Formation on Bare and Surface/Additive Modified Silicon Anodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Texas A&M University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about first principles...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Coupling of Mechanical Behavior of Cell Components to Electrochemical-Thermal Models for Computer-Aided Engineering of Batteries under Abuse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by NREL at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about coupling of mechanical behavior of cell...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: A Combined Experimental and Modeling Approach for the Design of High Coulombic Efficiency Si Electrodes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by General Motors at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a combined experimental and...

  20. The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programming Paradigm in the Context of Computer Systems for Climate and Weather Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shujia

    2009-01-01

    The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programmingin computing power. The IBM Cell processor’s order-of-C and ported it to an IBM BladeCenter QS20. For performance,

  1. Analysis of the impacts of Internet-based business activities on the container shipping industry : the system dynamics modeling approach with the framework of technological evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auh, Jae Hyuck, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    The internet-based business (e-business) activities have become a new technological challenge to the container shipping industry (CSI) in recent years. Despite the growing importance of e-business in the CSI, little ...

  2. Portal Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warner, Beth Forrest

    2002-03-27

    Portal Technology Beth Forrest Warner Director, KU Digital Library Initiatives bwarner@ku.edu PUAD 839 March 27, 2002 Defining the issue… Today’s government agencies at all levels should note that the citizens they serve are “little concerned... their citizens’ perspectives. Instead of launching online services on a department-by-department basis, they are aggregating services across departments, accessible through a common portal.” (Janet Caldow, “The Quest for Electronic Government: A Defining...

  3. Technology disrupted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papatheodorou, Y.

    2007-02-15

    Three years ago, the author presented a report on power generation technologies which in summary said 'no technology available today has the potential of becoming transformational or disruptive in the next five to ten years'. In 2006 the company completed another strategic view research report covering the electric power, oil, gas and unconventional energy industries and manufacturing industry. This article summarises the strategic view findings and then revisits some of the scenarios presented in 2003. The cost per megawatt-hour of the alternatives is given for plants ordered in 2005 and then in 2025. The issue of greenhouse gas regulation is dealt with through carbon sequestration and carbon allowances or an equivalent carbon tax. Results reveal substantial variability through nuclear power, hydro, wind, geothermal and biomass remain competitive through every scenario. Greenhouse gas scenario analysis shows coal still be viable, albeit less competitive against nuclear and renewable technologies. A carbon tax or allowance at $24 per metric ton has the same effect on IGCC cost as a sequestration mandate. However, the latter would hurt gas plants much more than a tax or allowance. Sequestering CO{sub 2} from a gas plant is almost as costly per megawatt-hour as for coal. 5 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  4. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and defined five different theoretical models describing different ways competitive suppliers and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided...

  5. BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES Volume 15, No 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    121 BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES CYBERNETICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES · Volume 15, No 5-centric organization. 1. Introduction Distributed simulation technologies are a paradigm to model dynamic as strategic technologies for linking simulation components of various types [1]. Distributed technologies can

  6. Venus Technology Plan Venus Technology Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Venus Technology Plan May 2014 #12; ii Venus Technology Plan At the Venus Exploration Survey priorities, and (3) develop a Technology Plan for future Venus missions (after a Technology Forum at VEXAG Meeting 11 in November 2013). Here, we present the 2014 Venus Technology Plan

  7. Technology and Liquidity Provision: The Blurring of Traditional Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aazhang, Behnaam

    there is a trade. Third, the models feature a clean dichotomy between liquidity suppliers (who enter limit orders) and liquidity demanders (who use market orders). The strategic order choice models suggest an alternative suppliers or liquidity demanders. Under certain circumstances (a wide spread, for example), even a trader

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Significant Enhancement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Significant Enhancement of Computational Efficiency in Nonlinear Multiscale Battery Model for Computer Aided Engineering...

  9. Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat PumpsTechnologies |LibraryCenterCenter (LMI-EFRC)Lighting

  10. Technology and the Box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maitland, Padma

    2013-01-01

    its explorations of technology in partnership with radicalPadma Maitland Technology and the Box The room is thedisciplines. The theme of “Technology and the Box” emerged

  11. Information Technology and Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubble, Ann; Murphy, Deborah A.; Perry, Susan Chesley

    2011-01-01

    Sue Chesley Perry 196 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIBRARIES |LITA - Library & Information Technology Association). ”Two of the 190 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND LIBRARIES |

  12. Nuclear Science & Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Science & Technology Nuclear Science & Technology1354608000000Nuclear Science & TechnologySome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access. No...

  13. Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satchwell, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    calculation of resource benefits, we include the avoided cost of energy,energy costs. Model Inputs Utility Characterization Business-as-Usual Scenario Analysis Model Calculations

  14. Carrots and Sticks: A Comprehensive Business Model for the Successful Achievement of Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satchwell, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    of the energy efficiency business model in further detail.7   4.3 Business Modelenergy efficiency business model on utility earnings .

  15. The Impact of IBM Cell Technology on the Programming Paradigm in the Context of Computer Systems for Climate and Weather Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shujia

    2009-01-01

    Acceleration of Numerical Weather Prediction,” ProceedingsComputer Systems for Climate and Weather Models Shujia Zhouprocesses in climate and weather models demands a continual

  16. Contending Parties: A Logistic Choice Analysis of Inter- and Intra-group Blog Citation Dynamics in the 2004 US Presidential Election

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almquist, Zack W

    2011-01-01

    The 2004 US Presidential Election cycle marked the debut of Internet-based media such as blogs and social networking websites as institutionally recognized features of the American political landscape. Using a longitudinal sample of all DNC/RNC-designated blog-citation networks we are able to test the influence of various strategic, institutional, and balance-theoretic mechanisms and exogenous factors such as seasonality and political events on the propensity of blogs to cite one another over time. Capitalizing on the temporal resolution of our data, we utilize an autoregressive network regression framework to carry out inference for a logistic choice process. Using a combination of deviance-based model selection criteria and simulation-based model adequacy tests, we identify the combination of processes that best characterizes the choice behavior of the contending blogs.

  17. Available Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O DBiomass andAtomsVehicles and Fuels VehiclesTechnologies

  18. Distributed Energy Technology Characterization (Desiccant Technologies...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    technologies can be designed to utilize the available thermal energy from a combined heat and power (CHP) system. This technology characterization is intended to provide...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office: 2014 Electric Drive Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    automotive technologies under development. Research is focused on developing power electronics (PE), electric motor, and traction drive system (TDS) technologies that will reduce...

  20. NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY Technology Transfer Basic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Technology Transfer" award from the Federal Laboratory Consortium. Application of this technology reduces the costs and energy associated with more conventional scrubbing...

  1. Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    comply to EISA's standards could save consumers nearly 6 billion in 2015. In your own home, replacing your five most frequently used light fixtures or bulbs with models that...

  2. Essays on Bank Optimal Portfolio Choice under Liquidity Constraint 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Eul Jin

    2012-10-19

    Long term asset creates more revenue, however it is riskier in a liquidity sense. Our question is: How does a liquidity constrained bank make decisions between profitability and liquidity? We present a computable DSGE model of banks optimal...

  3. On the Choice of Average Solar Zenith Angle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Timothy W.

    Idealized climate modeling studies often choose to neglect spatiotemporal variations in solar radiation, but doing so comes with an important decision about how to average solar radiation in space and time. Since both ...

  4. Fact #814: January 27, 2014 More Choices when Buying Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to note that there were a number of both electric and compressed natural gas (CNG) models in the late 1990s to early 2000s and they all but disappeared by 2007. Both...

  5. This leads to a robust practical choice of Price = 0.26 U + 0.84 H -U = 0.84 (H -U) per item.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    is carried over into the Investment model as the projected net trading revenue for the new device. PricingThis leads to a robust practical choice of Price = 0.26 Ã? U + 0.84 Ã? H - U = 0.84 Ã? (H - U) per Decisions The Headroom is supposed to represent a price at which device can be sold to the NHS. But

  6. Royal Institute of Technology Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.

    Royal Institute of Technology Cognitive Radio Model-Based Competence for Software Radios Joseph Communication Systems Laboratory Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden Cognitive Radio Model-Based Competence for Software Radios Joseph Mitola III August 1999 A thesis submitted to the Royal Institute

  7. Technology assessment of external heat systems for Stirling heat pumps. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasilakis, A.D.

    1993-12-01

    A technology assessment and design improvement effort was undertaken for the Stirling engine heat pump external heat system (EHS) in order to reduce costs. It was found that only two applicable EHS design approaches have been developed to any extent: a relatively undeveloped design featuring a premixed fuel and air transpiration burner, and a turbulent diffusion type burner system developed by Mechanical Technology, Inc. To evaluate and optimize the design concepts, an analytical model was developed that examined design and performance variables. The model calculated key temperatures, allowing the specification of materials requirements. Adherence to American National Standards Institute appliance furnace code material specifications was assumed. Concepts for EHS control systems were evaluated, and a cost-effective control system design was developed for the turbulent diffusion burner EHS. The study reveals that optimizing the diffusion burner EHS design can result in significant cost savings. No clear choice between the diffusion burner and transpiration burner systems could be determined from this study, but the designs of both were further developed and improved. Estimates show the EHS based on a transpiration burner to have a manufactured cost that is roughly 70% of the turbulent diffusion burner EHS cost, but fuel efficiency is lower by about 18%.

  8. Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program: Project fact sheets 2000, status as of June 30, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2000-09-01

    The Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program (CCT Program), a model of government and industry cooperation, responds to the Department of Energy's (DOE) mission to foster a secure and reliable energy system that is environmentally and economically sustainable. The CCT Program represents an investment of over $5.2 billion in advanced coal-based technology, with industry and state governments providing an unprecedented 66 percent of the funding. With 26 of the 38 active projects having completed operations, the CCT Program has yielded clean coal technologies (CCTs) that are capable of meeting existing and emerging environmental regulations and competing in a deregulated electric power marketplace. The CCT Program is providing a portfolio of technologies that will assure that U.S. recoverable coal reserves of 274 billion tons can continue to supply the nation's energy needs economically and in an environmentally sound manner. As the nation embarks on a new millennium, many of the clean coal technologies have realized commercial application. Industry stands ready to respond to the energy and environmental demands of the 21st century, both domestically and internationally, For existing power plants, there are cost-effective environmental control devices to control sulfur dioxide (S02), nitrogen oxides (NO,), and particulate matter (PM). Also ready is a new generation of technologies that can produce electricity and other commodities, such as steam and synthetic gas, and provide efficiencies and environmental performance responsive to global climate change concerns. The CCT Program took a pollution prevention approach as well, demonstrating technologies that remove pollutants or their precursors from coal-based fuels before combustion. Finally, new technologies were introduced into the major coal-based industries, such as steel production, to enhance environmental performance. Thanks in part to the CCT Program, coal--abundant, secure, and economical--can continue in its role as a key component in the U.S. and world energy markets. The CCT Program also has global importance in providing clean, efficient coal-based technology to a burgeoning energy market in developing countries largely dependent on coal. Based on 1997 data, world energy consumption is expected to increase 60 percent by 2020, with almost half of the energy increment occurring in developing Asia (including China and India). By 2020, energy consumption in developing Asia is projected to surpass consumption in North America. The energy form contributing most to the growth is electricity, as developing Asia establishes its energy infrastructure. Coal, the predominant indigenous fuel, in that region will be the fuel of choice in electricity production. The CCTs offer a means to mitigate potential environmental problems associated with unprecedented energy growth, and to enhance the U.S. economy through foreign equipment sales and engineering services.

  9. Technology Support Bob Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Support Services · Bob Davis · Associate Director User Support Services 1 #12;Technology Support Services · NUIT Technology Support Services (TSS) helps Northwestern faculty, staff, and students Technologies · Brian Nielsen · Project Manager Faculty Initiatives 8 #12;Support for Teaching & Learning

  10. NREL: Technology Deployment - Technology Acceleration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial ToolkitSMARTS -Being Replicated AcrossSolarTechnology

  11. Technological Changes and Transportation Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William L.

    2001-01-01

    Consumption Production Segmentation Choices F~gure 1. Aand market and production segmentation and the diffusion of

  12. Environmental, Economic, and Social Impacts of Concrete Pavement Material Choices: A Life-Cycle Assessment Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hyunsoung

    2014-12-12

    Transportation Agencies (STAs) in rendering better-informed decisions for the concrete pavement material choices, the major research objective is to analyze the environmental, economic, and social impacts of the four concrete pavement alternatives from...

  13. Content Analysis of Reasons for Song Choices Among Individuals Receiving Hospice Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Laurie

    2014-05-31

    The purpose of this study was to describe the reasons for song choices of patients and their loved ones in a hospice setting. In all, 21 patients and caregivers participated in semi-structured interviews that were embedded ...

  14. Source choice in agricultural news coverage: impacts of reporter specialization and newspaper location, ownership, and circulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Judith McIntosh

    2009-05-15

    This study examined coverage of the December 2003 bovine spongiform encephalopathy event to discover reporters’ sources for breaking agricultural news, the impact of reporter specialization on source choices, and the impact ...

  15. Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

    2004-01-01

    REFERENCES [1] American Wind Power Association (AWEA), Road-CHOICE FOR SMALL-SCALE WIND POWER UNDER UNCERTAINTY Stein-Power production from wind power has stochastic inflows, and

  16. Hindi-english, Code Switching and Language Choice in Urban, Uppermiddle-class Indian Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, Sunita

    1980-01-01

    Most bilingual speakers tend to 'code switch' between the languages they speak. The present study deals with code-switching and language choice and the speech of Hindi-English bilinguals residing in North India and the ...

  17. Paying Too Much for Energy? The True Costs of Our Energy Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Looney, Adam

    Energy consumption is critical to economic growth and quality of life. America's energy system, however, is malfunctioning. The status quo is characterized by a tilted playing field, where energy choices are based on the ...

  18. Top of Mind in Task-Based Environments and Choice Under Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaidi, Farhan

    2010-01-01

    biases that influence what is top of mind for consumers inZinman. “Getting to the Top of Mind: How Reminders IncreaseTop of Mind in Task-Based Environments and Choice Under Risk

  19. Hysteresis and urban rail : the effects of past urban rail on current residential and travel choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Block-Schachter, David

    2012-01-01

    Cities are endowed with and accumulate assets based on their unique histories, which in turn define the choice set of the present. These assets range from the natural-sheltered ports, fertile land--to the constructed--concrete ...

  20. Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus

    2004-01-01

    A 20-year industry plan for small wind turbine tech- nology,has estimated that small wind turbines could contribute to 3CAPACITY CHOICE FOR SMALL-SCALE WIND POWER UNDER UNCERTAINTY

  1. Food choices for hungry broiler breeders: do they prefer quantitative or qualitative dietary restriction? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Louise Anne

    2012-06-30

    This programme of research uses choice test methodologies to quantify hungry broiler breeder chickens’ preferences for qualitative or quantitative dietary restriction. It begins with an outline of quantitative dietary ...

  2. On the Tradeoff between Economic Efficiency and Strategyproofness in Randomized Social Choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    schemes 1. INTRODUCTION Two fundamental notions in microeconomic theory are efficiency--no agent can-valued social choice functions that satisfy non-imposition--a weakening of efficiency--and strategyproofness

  3. Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yu, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution ...

  4. Three essays on the economic theory of mating and parental choice 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antrup, Andreas Hermann

    2012-06-26

    Chapter 1: Relative Concerns and the Choice of Fertility Empirical research has shown that people exhibit relative concerns, they value social status. If they value their children's status as well, what effect will that ...

  5. On Choice of Subject and Replicates in Estimating Among and Within Subject Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng-Kee Wong; Peter A. Lachenbruch; Philip J. Clements

    2011-01-01

    777 Akademie Verlag On Choice of Subjects and Replicates inEstimating Among and Within Subject Variation WENG WONG KEEof replicates a d number of subjects in a compo- nents of

  6. Freight mode choice : air transport versus ocean transport in the 1990's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Dale B.

    1994-01-01

    Value density is often considered when considering the choice whether to ship cargo by air or by water. However, although cargo value is directly linked to the overall cost of shipment, it is the deciding factor in mode ...

  7. Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices: Shifting Routine Automobile Travel to Walking and Bicycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Robert James

    2011-01-01

    Schwartz, and J. Hood. “Bicycle Route Choice Data CollectionFactors Associated with Bicycle Ownership and Use: A StudyTime Human Perceptions: Towards a Bicycle Level of Service,”

  8. Chu: America Faces a Choice to "Compete in the Clean Energy Race...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    faces a choice today: Are we going to recognize the opportunity and compete in the clean energy race or will we wave the white flag and watch all of these jobs go to China, Korea,...

  9. ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 470, Vol. 43, No. 3, September 2006, pp. 49-64 PROBABILISTIC MODELING OF EARTHQUAKE HAZARD IN STABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vinay Kumar

    and Ravi Sinha Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Powai, Mumbai-400076 seismic hazard is higher than the level specified in the current seismic zoning map given in IS 1893 of probabilistic seismic-hazard maps based on regional geological and seismological information on a global scale

  10. Technologies de base Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoras, .Romulus

    Technologies de base Architectures Cinquième partie Technologies Web Intergiciels et applications communicantes 1 / 38 #12;Technologies de base Architectures Client-serveur HTTP Présentation Plan 1 Technologies Contenu dynamique 2-tier 3-tier V ­ Technologies Web 2 / 38 #12;Technologies de base Architectures Client

  11. TECHNOLOGY LICENSE APPLICATION Office of Technology Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 1 TECHNOLOGY LICENSE APPLICATION Office of Technology Transfer UT-Battelle, LLC (UT. One of the functions of UT-BATTELLE's Office of Technology Transfer is to negotiate license agreements for such intellectual property with companies for commercial applications of ORNL-developed technologies. Such licenses

  12. APPROPRIATE HOME TECHNOLOGY: Depending on Dependable Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    penetrate more and more into people's everyday lives and homes, the `design problem' is not so muchAPPROPRIATE HOME TECHNOLOGY: Depending on Dependable Technology Systems Guy Dewsbury, Karen Clarke 2002 #12;Dewsbury et al (2002): Appropriate Home Technology APPROPRIATE HOME TECHNOLOGY: Depending

  13. Confronting the challenge of hybrid modeling: Using discrete choice models to inform the behavioural parameters of a hybrid model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    designed to forecast the effects of policies on energy demand, economic output, and environmental pollution Tiedemann, Habart and Associates Published in: 6th Biennial ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Sustainability in Industry: Increasing Energy Efficiency, Reducing Emissions Rye Brook, New York

  14. Clean coal technologies: Research, development, and demonstration program plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, has structured an integrated program for research, development, and demonstration of clean coal technologies that will enable the nation to use its plentiful domestic coal resources while meeting environmental quality requirements. The program provides the basis for making coal a low-cost, environmentally sound energy choice for electric power generation and fuels production. These programs are briefly described.

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPONENTS, PACKAGING, AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY--PART C, VOL. 21, NO. 2, APRIL 1998 97 Material-Centric Modeling of PWB Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    processes. Index Terms-- Cost modeling, design-for-environment (DFE), design-to-cost, material, Associate Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper presents an activity-based cost model for printed wiring board-based manufacturing cost models, activities are based on equipment and facilities ("equipment

  16. Trenchless rehabilitation: Which choice for gas distribution pipe replacement?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, S.R. [Jason Consultants International, Washington, DC (United States); Gauthier, S.W. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

    1995-01-01

    Replacement or rehabilitation of deteriorating gas piping currently relies largely on open-cut excavation or pipe insertion. Open-cut replacement is satisfactory for communities where adverse environmental impact can be tolerated and road closures and traffic delays are kept to a minimum. However, most of the systems in need of replacement/rehabilitation are in urban areas where environmental impact, traffic delays, and site restoration costs are costly. With these parameters in mind, the Gas Research Institute (GRI); and its member organizations designed a research program to test and evaluate promising trenchless technologies for potential use in gas distribution rehabilitation projects. The programs`s goals were to identify product strengths, weaknesses, cost, applications, and recognition of areas which needed modification or further development. During this research a significant amount of data were gathered. All rehabilitation systems maximize pipe capacity while minimizing surface disruptions. Cost savings realized by some of the participating utilities was significant. This is even more impressive when one considers that this was the first gas installation for some of the methods. A summary of advantages, disadvantages, and lessons learned from each process is shown on Tables 2--6. Comments listed are for field trials conducted and may not be accurate or applicable to other projects. A common limitation of all rehabilitation methods is lack of a complete system with appropriate tees, fittings, transition materials, and other connection devices.

  17. Power Plant Modeling and Simulation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08

    The National Energy Technology Laboratory's Office of Research and Development provides open source tools and expetise for modeling and simulating power plants and carbon sequestration technologies.

  18. Power Plant Modeling and Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-07-21

    The National Energy Technology Laboratory's Office of Research and Development provides open source tools and expetise for modeling and simulating power plants and carbon sequestration technologies.

  19. Web Services-Enhanced Agile Modeling and Integrating Business Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belouadha, Fatima-Zahra; Roudiès, Ounsa

    2012-01-01

    In a global business context with continuous changes, the enterprises have to enhance their operational efficiency, to react more quickly, to ensure the flexibility of their business processes, and to build new collaboration pathways with external partners. To achieve this goal, they must use e-business methods, mechanisms and techniques while capitalizing on the potential of new information and communication technologies. In this context, we propose a standards, model and Web services-based approach for modeling and integrating agile enterprise business processes. The purpose is to benefit from Web services characteristics to enhance the processes design and realize their dynamic integration. The choice of focusing on Web services is essentially justified by their broad adoption by enterprises as well as their capability to warranty interoperability between both intra and inter-enterprises systems. Thereby, we propose in this chapter a metamodel for describing business processes, and discuss their dynamic in...

  20. SWORDTAIL MATE CHOICE AND REPRODUCTIVE ALLOCATION: EFFECTS OF MALE CONDITION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Suzanne

    2011-04-26

    linear mixed model HF High-food LF Low-food R Statistical program used for data analysis vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... were placed on a ?High-food? (HF) or ?Low-food? (LF) diet with 30 HF and 30 LF. Within each group (HF or LF) the males were then divided into tanks with 5 males per tank. Thus we had 6 HF replicates and 6 LF replicates. The males were consistently fed...