Sample records for tanzania thailand tonga

  1. Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization (TaTEDO) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization (TaTEDO)...

  2. Density anomalies in the crust and upper mantle below the Tonga-Kermadec trench and below the Rio Grande Rift: implied magnitude and orientation of maximum shear stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mecham, Brent Bradshaw

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DENSITY ANOMALIES IN THE CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE BELOW THE TONGA ? KERMADEC TRENCH AND BELOW THE RIO GRANDE RIFT: IMPLIED MAGNITUDE AND ORIENTATION OF MAXIMUM SHEAR STRESS A Thesis by BRENT BRADSHAW MECHAM Submitted to the Graduate College... of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics DENSITY ANOMALIES IN THE CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE BELOW THE TONGA ? KERMADEC TRENCH AND BELOW THE RIO GRANDE...

  3. Erika Smith, '08 Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erika Smith, '08 Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania This past summer I had the opportunity to spend six weeks volunteering in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Dar es Salaam is the largest city and until recently was the capital! During my time in Dar es Salaam, I worked at the Mother Teresa's Children's Home, run by the Missionaries

  4. Kenya & Tanzania: a ClassiC safari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    Kenya & Tanzania: a ClassiC safari A Special Departure August 15 ­ 27, 2012 for Johns Hopkins volcano; Bilila Lodge Serengeti in the heart of the northern Serengeti; the Fairmont Mount Kenya SafariMartinCenter,2ndFloor 3400N.CharlesStreet Baltimore,Maryland21218 Johns Hopkins Reservation Form ­ Kenya

  5. UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia) The University of Canterbury is pleased in Indonesia and Thailand over this summer break (2013-2014). There will be an information session on Tuesday will be expected to participate in. For Indonesia, students will help Indonesian students coming to UC for the next

  6. Asian Clinical Tropical Medicine Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Asian Clinical Tropical Medicine Bangkok, Thailand July 21 August 3, 2012 Join the Faculty, and the University of Minnesota as they co-host the fourth Asian Clinical Tropical Medical Course in beautiful Bangkok, Thailand. Healthcare providers with experience and/or a special interest in clinical tropical

  7. Thailand

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronic Input Options Gary L. Hirsch SNLMay 20102 | NationalThis1QA:2 42

  8. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand has continued to promote domestic biofuel utilization. Production and consumption of biofuel in Thailand have continued to increase at a fast rate due to aggressive policies of the Thai government in reducing foreign oil import and increasing domestic renewable energy utilization. This paper focuses on ethanol production and consumption, and the use of gasohol in Thailand. The paper is an update on the previous paper--Biofuel Infrastructure Development and Utilization in Thailand--in August 2008.

  9. Chagga elites and the politics of ethnicity in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Thomas James

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this thesis is on elite members of the Chagga ethnic group. Originating from the fertile yet crowded slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, this group is amongst the most entrepreneurial and best educated in Tanzania. ...

  10. US fossil fuel technologies for Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buehring, W.A.; Dials, G.E.; Gillette, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.; Traczyk, P.A.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy has been encouraging other countries to consider US coal and coal technologies in meeting their future energy needs. Thailand is one of three developing countries determined to be a potentially favorable market for such exports. This report briefly profiles Thailand with respect to population, employment, energy infrastructure and policies, as well as financial, economic, and trade issues. Thailand is shifting from a traditionally agrarian economy to one based more strongly on light manufacturing and will therefore require increased energy resources that are reliable and flexible in responding to anticipated growth. Thailand has extensive lignite deposits that could fuel a variety of coal-based technologies. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors could utilize this resource and still permit Thailand to meet emission standards for sulfur dioxide. This option also lends itself to small-scale applications suitable for private-sector power generation. Slagging combustors and coal-water mixtures also appear to have potential. Both new construction and refurbishment of existing plants are planned. 18 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

  11. Negotiating reforms at home: Natural resources and the politics of energy access in urban Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghanadan, Rebecca

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Tanzania's rural electrification." Energy Policy 30: 977-than 2% in rural areas (TNBS 2002). Electrification is only

  12. Thailand Statistician July 2010; 8(2) : 207-222

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volodin, Andrei

    University, Rangsit Center, Pathum Thani 12121, Thailand. [c] University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling area, livestock biomass, and urban nitrogenous wastes since the European settlement [4]. 2. Methodology

  13. Artificial Muscle Construction Using Natural Rubber Latex in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

    Artificial Muscle Construction Using Natural Rubber Latex in Thailand Sathaporn Laksanacharoen of the inner rubber tube, made from natural rubber latex in Thailand, and the braided outer sleeve of natural rubber latex, however, its value of export is very minimal. This work try to make it worthwhile

  14. From the Constitution to the Hospital: Universal Health Care in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattison, Shawn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Implementing Quality Management Systems in Thailand: Asystem requires accredited hospitals to apply Total Quality Management (

  15. Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

    Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast.1080/08920750590883132 Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast YEQIAO WANG and the area of woodland interspersed with agriculture increased. This study demonstrates how geospatial

  16. Agriculture and Trade Opportunities for Tanzania: Past Volatility and Future Climate Changerode_672 429..447

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Agriculture and Trade Opportunities for Tanzania: Past Volatility and Future Climate Changerode_672 global heterogeneity in climate-induced agricultural variability,Tanzania has the potential to substan could thus export grain to countries as climate change increases the likelihood of severe precipitation

  17. Natural ventilation : design for suburban houses in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tantasavasdi, Chalermwat, 1971-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Ventilation is the most effective passive cooling design strategy for architecture in hot and humid climates. In Thailand, natural ventilation has been the most essential element in the vernacular architecture such ...

  18. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.; Foster, Nikolas AF

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In spite of the recent political turmoil, Thailand has continued to develop its ethanol based alternative fuel supply and demand infrastructure. Its support of production and sales of ethanol contributed to more than doubling the production over the past five years alone. In April 2014, average consumption stood at 3.18 million liter per day- more than a third on its way to its domestic consumption goal of 9 million liters per day by 2021. Strong government incentives and the phasing out of non-blended gasoline contributed substantially. Concurrently, exports dropped significantly to their lowest level since 2011, increasing the pressure on Thai policy makers to best balance energy independency goals with other priorities, such as Thailands trade balance and environmental aspirations. Utilization of second generation biofuels might have the potential to further expand Thailands growing ethanol market. Thailand has also dramatically increased its higher ethanol blend vehicle fleet, with all new vehicles sold in the Thai market now being E20 capable and the number of E85 vehicles increasing three fold in the last year from 100,000 in 2013 to 300,000 in 2014.

  19. Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxxxxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania--New SIMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxxxxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania Research xxx (2006) xxxxxx Table 1 Overview of age data from recent literature for East African and some

  20. An analysis of the potential economic impact of natural gas production in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umeike, Ekenedilinna (Ekenedilinna Onyedikachi)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following substantial discoveries of natural gas in recent years, Tanzania has new options for economic development. The country's policy makers are faced with having to make decisions about how best to utilize the gas in ...

  1. Natural Ventilation Design for Houses in Thailand Chalermwat Tantasavasdia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Natural Ventilation Design for Houses in Thailand Chalermwat Tantasavasdia , Jelena Srebricb This paper explores the potential of using natural ventilation as a passive cooling system for new house conditions in Bangkok, the study found that it is possible to use natural ventilation to create a thermally

  2. Northern Thailand Geophysics Field Camp: Overview of Activities Lee M. Liberty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Northern Thailand Geophysics Field Camp: Overview of Activities Lee M. Liberty Boise State University conducted a geophysics field camp in northern Thailand in January, 2010 to train students and professionals in geophysical methods to address environmental and engineering challenges. Faculty, technicians

  3. Isotopic and microbial indicators of sewage pollution from Stone Town, Zanzibar, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvell, Catherine Drew

    , such as Enterococcus (ENT) and Escherichia coli, as used by the USEPA (Gro, Washington, DC, USA c Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, Tanzania a r t i c pro- vided by marine ecosystems, (Harvell et al., 2004; Pastorok and Bilyard, 1985

  4. High-resolution population grids and future scenarios for Tanzania Philip J. Platts & Ruth D. Swetnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Rob

    this grid and the LandScan grid to remove all persons from these protected areas (Single Map Algebra Tool1 High-resolution population grids and future scenarios for Tanzania Philip J. Platts & Ruth D, were obtained by hindcasting the LandScan grid on a ward-by-ward basis, such that ward totals matched

  5. The Political economy of the Film Industry in Tanzania: From Socialism to an Open Market economy, 1961-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mwakalinga, Mona Ngusekela

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    were projected to its citizenry. This study reveals that government institutions such as the Government Film Unit (GFU), the Tanzania Film Company (TFC), the Audio Visual Institute (AVI), the National Film Censorship Board (NFCB), the Film and Stage...

  6. Contribution of university-industry linkages (UILs) to tourism clusters: multiple-case studies in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasunpangsri, Siriluk

    2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This research develops a theoretical framework explaining how University-Industry Linkages (UILs) affect the performance of tourism clusters in Thailand. Significant external and internal factors affecting Thai tourism ...

  7. The Great Equalizer: Health Care Access and Infant Mortality in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruber, Jonathan

    This paper analyzes Thailand's 2001 healthcare reform, "30 Baht." The program increased funding available to hospitals to care for the poor and reduced copays to 30 Baht (~$0.75). Our estimates suggest the supply-side ...

  8. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Evidence-based Mitigation Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name GIZ-Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for an activity- and evidence-based mitigation...

  9. A forecasting model of tourist arrivals from major markets to Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Ching

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    important to forecast tourism demand in the region and understand the factors affecting demand. Considering the national importance of tourism, Thailand was chosen as the destination country with nine major markets as the countries of origin. A model...

  10. Geochemical associations and availability of cadmium (Cd) in a paddy field system, Northwestern Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosolsaksakul, Peerapat

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mae Tao watershed, northwestern Thailand, has become contaminated with cadmium (Cd) from the zinc mining activities area in the nearby Thanon-Thongchai mountains. Consumption of Cd-contaminated rice has led to ...

  11. Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vater, Katherine Ann

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

  12. The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper reports on the results of research to reduce energy consumption in residential buildings in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components, energy efficient building systems, and renewable...

  13. Extensional tectonics in the Gulf of Thailand and South China Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Susan Marie

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS IN THE GULF OF THAILAND AND SOUTH CHINA SEA A Thesis by SUSAN MARIE MARSHALI. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requhements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE AUGUST 1992 Major Subject: Geophysics EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS IN THE GULF OF THAILAND AND SOUTH CHINA SEA A Thesis by SUSAN MARIF MARSHALL Approved as to style and content by: Steven . H der (Chairman of Committee) Robert J. Mc...

  14. The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

    SimBuild 2004, IBPSA-USA National Conference, Boulder, CO, August 4-6th, 2004, p. 1 THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENT 1 HOUSING FOR THAILAND UTILIZING RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY 2 3... The paper reports on the results of research to reduce energy consumption in residential buildings in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components, energy efficient building systems, and renewable energy...

  15. Ra-Th disequilibria: Timescale of carbonatite magma formation at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, R.W.; Gill, J.B.; Bruland, K.W. (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (USA))

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses geologic models dealing with the formation of carbonatites from recent lavas of the Oldoninyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania. This paper also acts as a rebutal to an earlier writing which discussed potential flaws in the collection and dating of the carbonatites. The paper goes on to provide activity ratios from different carbonatites and discussion the lack of evidence for fractional crystallization in a olivine sovite magma.

  16. An overview of the global threat reduction initiative's physical protection work in Tanzania.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banzi, Firmi Paul (Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania); Itamura, Michael Takeshi (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration, Washington, DC); Robinson, Phillip W. (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration, Washington, DC); Strosinski, Micheal Vernon

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) established the Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) mission to reduce and protect nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide. Internationally, over 80 countries are cooperating with GTRI to enhance security of facilities with these materials. In 2004, a GTRI delegation began working with the Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, (TAEC). The team conducted site assessments for the physical protection of radiological materials in Tanzania. Today, GTRI and the Government of Tanzania continue cooperative efforts to enhance physical security at several radiological sites, including a central sealed-source storage facility, and sites in the cities of Arusha, Dar Es Salaam, and Tanga. This paper describes the scope of physical protection work, lessons learned, and plans for future cooperation between the GTRI program and the TAEC. Additionally the paper will review the cooperative efforts between TAEC and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with regards to a remote monitoring system at a storage facility and to the repackaging of radioactive sources.

  17. GIS representation and assessment of water distribution system for Mae La Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Mary Pierce

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArcGIS is used to analyze water access in Mae La, Thailand, home to 45,000 residents living as refugees in a temporary camp. Drinking water for the shelter is supplied at public tap stands while water for hygienic purposes ...

  18. TP53 gene mutations of lung cancer patients in upper northern Thailand and environmental risk factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TP53 gene mutations of lung cancer patients in upper northern Thailand and environmental risk mutations are observed in about 40e70% of lung cancer tissues, and the hot spot codon mu- tations factors that influence TP53 gene mutation in lung cancer patients residing areas with high lung cancer

  19. RURAL POVERTY AND DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS IN UPPER NORTHEAST THAILAND.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    RURAL POVERTY AND DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS IN UPPER NORTHEAST THAILAND. C. BARNAUD 1 , G and government support to help them catch-up is still needed. INTRODUCTION Unacceptable levels of poverty the seriousness of the situation. But a fundamental question remains: How can we reduce poverty, particularly

  20. Tonga Capital Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolarTharaldsonInformation 61Tokamachi

  1. Tonga: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower Station Jump to:Tioga

  2. The Impact of U.S. Economic Policies on a Commodity-Exporting Debtor: The Case of Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Jeffrey A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    payments owed by the typical LDC that like Thailand borrowsPolicies in the OECD and LDC External Adjustment" NBERgrowth must attain if the LDC debt situation is to improve.

  3. Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty, and Spencer H. Wood, Boise State University, Fongsaward Singharajawarapan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty of Western Australia Summary As part of the 2010 near-surface geophysics workshop in Chiang Mai, Thailand, local archaeological targets were used as a basis for teaching geophysical data collection, processing

  4. Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformationInformationThailand UN

  5. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformationInformationThailand

  6. Potential impact of Thailand's alcohol program on production, consumption, and trade of cassava, sugarcane, and corn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boonserm, P.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the first of May 1980, Thailand's fuel-alcohol program was announced by the Thai government. According to the program, a target of 147 million liters of ethanol would be produced in 1981, from cassava, sugarcane, and other biomasses. Projecting increases in output each year, the target level of ethanol produciton was set at 482 million liters of ethanol for 1986. The proposed amount of ethanol production could create a major shift up in the demand schedule of energy crops such as cassava, sugarcane, and corn. The extent of the adjustments in price, production, consumption, and exports for these energy crops need to be evaluated. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential impact of Thailand's fuel-alcohol program on price, production, consumption, and exports of three potential energy crops: cassava, sugarcane, and corn. Econometric commodity models of cassava, sugarcane, and corn are constructed and used as a method of assessment. The overall results of the forecasting simulations of the models indicate that the fuel-alcohol program proposed by the Thai government will cause the price, production, and total consumption of cassava, sugarcane, and corn to increase; on the other hand, it will cause exports to decline. In addition, based on the relative prices and the technical coefficients of ethanol production of these three energy crops, this study concludes that only cassava should be used to produce the proposed target of ethanol production.

  7. Dealing with power games in a companion modelling process: lessons from community water management in Thailand highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    with power games in a companion modelling process: lessons from community water management in Thailand facilitation methods that helped to manage power asymmetries and to level the playing field but we also discuss1 Dealing with power games in a companion modelling process: lessons from community water

  8. Water Footprints of Cassava- and Molasses-Based Ethanol Production in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mangmeechai, Aweewan, E-mail: aweewan.m@nida.ac.th [National Institute of Development Administration, International College (Major in Public Policy and Management) (Thailand)] [National Institute of Development Administration, International College (Major in Public Policy and Management) (Thailand); Pavasant, Prasert [Chulalongkorn University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering (Thailand)] [Chulalongkorn University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering (Thailand)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thai government has been promoting renewable energy as well as stimulating the consumption of its products. Replacing transport fuels with bioethanol will require substantial amounts of water and enhance water competition locally. This study shows that the water footprint (WF) of molasses-based ethanol is less than that of cassava-based ethanol. The WF of molasses-based ethanol is estimated to be in the range of 1,510-1,990 L water/L ethanol, while that of cassava-based ethanol is estimated at 2,300-2,820 L water/L ethanol. Approximately 99% of the water in each of these WFs is used to cultivate crops. Ethanol production requires not only substantial amounts of water but also government interventions because it is not cost competitive. In Thailand, the government has exploited several strategies to lower ethanol prices such as oil tax exemptions for consumers, cost compensation for ethanol producers, and crop price assurances for farmers. For the renewable energy policy to succeed in the long run, the government may want to consider promoting molasses-based ethanol production as well as irrigation system improvements and sugarcane yield-enhancing practices, since molasses-based ethanol is more favorable than cassava-based ethanol in terms of its water consumption, chemical fertilizer use, and production costs.

  9. Major shifts in calcareous phytoplankton assemblages through the Eocene-Oligocene transition of Tanzania and their implications for low-latitude primary production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Tom Dunkley; Bown, Paul R.; Pearson, Paul N.; Wade, Bridget S.; Coxall, Helen K.; Lear, Caroline H.

    Major shifts in calcareous phytoplankton assemblages through the Eocene-Oligocene transition of Tanzania and their implications for low-latitude primary production Tom Dunkley Jones, 1 Paul R. Bown, 2 Paul N. Pearson, 3 Bridget S. Wade, 4 Helen K... carbonate primary production at the onset of global cooling, and (3) a significant increase in nutrient availability in the low-latitude surface ocean through the EOT. Citation: Dunkley Jones, T., P. R. Bown, P. N. Pearson, B. S. Wade, H. K. Coxall, and C. H...

  10. Conditioning of the 4 Curies Radium-226 Sealed Radiation Source in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Punnachaiya, M.; Sawangsri, T.; Wanabongse, P.; Pruantonsai, P.; Nunjan, P.; Phattanasub, A.; Ya-Anant, N.; Thiangtrongjit, S. [Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP), Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Chatuchak District, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the conditioning of the 4 curies Radium-226 (Ra-226) sealed radiation source using as a teletherapy unit for cancer treatment in Thailand. The conditioning was under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) supervision and budgetary supports, comprised of 6 operational steps: the surface dose rate and actual dimension of radium unit measurements, the appropriate lead shielding design with IAEA approval, confirmation of radioactive contamination before conditioning (smear test and radon gas leakage test), transfer of radium source unit into the designed shielding, confirmation of radioactive contamination and dose rate measurement after conditioning, and transportation of Ra-226 conditioning waste package to OAP interim waste storage. The Ra-226 unit was taken out of OAP temporary waste storage for the surface dose rate and the actual dimension measurements behind the 12 inches thick heavy concrete shielding. The maximum measured surface dose rate was 70 R/hr. The special lead container was designed according to its surface dose rate along the source unit which the maximum permissible dose limit for surface dose rate of waste package after conditioning at 2 mSv/hr was applied. The IAEA approved container had total weight of 2.4 ton. After the confirmation of radioactive contamination, Ra-226 source unit was transferred and loaded in the designed lead shielding within 2 minutes. The results of smear test before and after conditioning including radon gas leakage test revealed that there was no radioactive contamination. After conditioning, the surface dose rate measured on the top, bottom were 15,10 mR/hr and varied from 6 - 50 mR/hr around lead container. The Ra-226 conditioning waste package was safely transported to store in OAP interim waste storage. Total working time including the time consumed for radon gas leakage test was 3.5 hours. The total radiation dose received by 16 operators, were ranged from 1 - 69.84 {mu}Sv and the operational team completed the conditioning safely within the effective dose limit for occupational exposure of 50 mSv/year (200 {mu}Sv/day). (authors)

  11. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2012 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Turkmenistan 1 Uganda 2 Ukraine 1 United Arab Emirates 2 United Kingdom 5 Uzbekistan 1 Viet Nam 4 Yemen 3 Switzerland 1 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 2 Tanzania, United Republic of 2 Thailand 2 Tunisia 1 Turkey 4

  12. Correlations of urinary cadmium with hypertension and diabetes in persons living in cadmium-contaminated villages in northwestern Thailand: A population study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swaddiwudhipong, Witaya, E-mail: swaddi@hotmail.com [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Mahasakpan, Pranee [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Limpatanachote, Pisit; Krintratun, Somyot [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak (Thailand)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk for hypertension and diabetes has not been conclusively found to be a result of cadmium exposure. A population-based study was conducted in 2009 to examine the correlations of urinary cadmium, a good biomarker of long-term cadmium exposure, with hypertension and diabetes in persons aged 35 years and older who lived in the 12 cadmium-contaminated rural villages in northwestern Thailand. A total of 5273 persons were interviewed and screened for urinary cadmium, hypertension, and diabetes. The geometric mean level of urinary cadmium for women (2.4{+-}2.3 {mu}g/g creatinine) was significantly greater than that for men (2.0{+-}2.2 {mu}g/g creatinine). Hypertension was presented in 29.8% of the study population and diabetes was detected in 6.6%. The prevalence of hypertension significantly increased from 25.0% among persons in the lowest tertile of urinary cadmium to 35.0% in the highest tertile. In women, the rate of hypertension significantly increased with increasing urinary cadmium levels in both ever and never smokers, after adjusting for age, alcohol consumption, body mass index, and diabetes. In men, such association was less significantly found in never smokers. The study revealed no significant association between urinary cadmium and diabetes in either gender. Our study supports the hypothesis that environmental exposure to cadmium may increase the risk of hypertension. Risk for diabetes in relation to cadmium exposure remains uncertain in this exposed population.

  13. Tonga-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformationThePty LtdOpenHabitat JumpOhkaLda

  14. Progress in cadmium-related health effects in persons with high environmental exposure in northwestern Thailand: A five-year follow-up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swaddiwudhipong, Witaya, E-mail: swaddi@hotmail.com [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Limpatanachote, Pisit [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Mahasakpan, Pranee [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Krintratun, Somyot [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Punta, Boonyarat; Funkhiew, Thippawan [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Food-borne cadmium was the principal source of exposure for persons living in the 12 cadmium-contaminated villages in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, northwestern Thailand. This report presents progress in cadmium-related health effects among persons with high cadmium exposure. The study included 436 persons who had urinary cadmium levels {>=}5 {mu}g/g creatinine and were screened for urinary cadmium, renal function, hypertension, diabetes and urinary stones in 2005 (baseline) and 2010 (5-year follow-up). Study renal biomarkers included urinary excretion of {beta}{sub 2}-microglobulin ({beta}{sub 2}-MG), total protein and calcium, serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The geometric mean level of urinary cadmium statistically significantly reduced from 9.5{+-}1.6 {mu}g/g creatinine in 2005 to 8.8{+-}1.6 {mu}g/g creatinine in 2010. Compared to baseline, the follow-up examination revealed significant increases in urinary {beta}{sub 2}-MG (tubular effect), urinary total protein and serum creatinine, and a decrease in GFR (glomerular effects). Progressive renal dysfunctions were similarly observed in persons both with and without reduction in cadmium intake. Significant increases in prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and urinary stones were also detected at follow-up. These three disorders were found to markedly impair renal functions in the study persons. Our study indicates that in persons with prolonged excessive cadmium exposure, toxic health effects may progress even after exposure reduction. Renal damage from cadmium can be due to its direct nephrotoxic effect and also through the related disorders causing nephropathy.

  15. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2011 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Uganda 4 United Arab Emirates 3 United Kingdom 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela 1 Viet Nam 6 Yemen 1 Zimbabwe 6 Switzerland 2 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 3 Tajikistan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 2 Thailand 4 Turkey 3's Democratic Republic 2 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Malaysia 1 Mauritius

  16. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  17. Curriculum Vitae Name: Matin QAIM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    in Developing Countries · Rural Development Policy Country Experience Extended research stays and/or project experience in Argentina, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, USA, Vietnam Awards and Honors · Excellence Award 2011 for Policy-Oriented Development Research

  18. Foreign Fishery Developments Thailand's Shrimp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , feeder roads, shrimp hatcheries, shrimp nurseries, feed mills, cold storage, and processing plants. Located within an hour's drive ofSong khla's new deep-waterport, the burgeon ing shrimp industry will have-production, processingand marketing-continues ata feverish pace. However, the industry faces significant problems, mostly

  19. Thailand | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich5 | NUMBER 1 | MARCHT

  20. Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpodsSweetwaterTMATalbot County

  1. Tanzania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley E PEnergy

  2. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 30/05/2013 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 17.46 Ukraine 50 16 41.98 United Arab Emirates 4 0 1.51 United Kingdom 198 33 109.25 United 104 19 61.51 Syrian Arab Republic 1 0 0.26 Thailand 21 6 35.05 The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia 5 Republic of Tanzania 13 3 6.28 United States of America 453 68 155.60 Uruguay 9 3 3.95 Uzbekistan 10 1 13

  3. Annual report 2007 + Rice farming\\Thailand.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : natural hazards and climate, ecosystems, access to water, food security, health and globalisation. In 2007 not only to reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also to apply strategies enabling populations to adapt and lagoons, deserts etc.) and population health. \\Prevention and management of natural and environmental

  4. Joseph Skowronek, '06 Khao Lak, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the rest of the trip. We went to the volunteer center to talk to them about where they needed the most help. This is when we decided to work construction in a village called Laem Pom, where the majority of the Tsunami in the construction work; rather they cooked in a community kitchen. The women got together and prepared all

  5. Constructed Wetlands for Industry in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heal, Kate

    Treatment System 2. The Artificially Constructed Wetland System 3. The Grass Filtration System 4. The Red treatment ponds 1 water quality improvement pond #12;23/05/2012 5 The Constructed Wetland System - Shallow wetlands (Natural treatment system) Ubol Ratana #12;23/05/2012 8 Immediate Objectives - Treat community

  6. Thailand-IEA Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2

  7. Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2Energy Information Partnership

  8. Thailand Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformation 5thTexas-New

  9. Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPower Systems Jump to:BaltimoreBangkok,

  10. Gas treatment and by-products recovery of Thailand`s first coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diemer, P.E.; Seyfferth, W. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Coke is needed in the blast furnace as the main fuel and chemical reactant and the main product of a coke plant. The second main product of the coke plant is coke oven gas. During treatment of the coke oven gas some coal chemicals like tar, ammonia, sulphur and benzole can be recovered as by-products. Since the market prices for these by-products are rather low and often erratic it does not in most cases justify the investment to recover these products. This is the reason why modern gas treatment plants only remove those impurities from the crude gas which must be removed for technical and environmental reasons. The cleaned gas, however, is a very valuable product as it replaces natural gas in steel work furnaces and can be used by other consumers. The surplus can be combusted in the boiler of a power plant. A good example for an optimal plant layout is the new coke oven facility of Thai Special Steel Industry (TSSI) in Rayong. The paper describes the TSSI`s coke oven gas treatment plant.

  11. Density anomalies in the crust and upper mantle below the Tonga-Kermadec trench and below the Rio Grande Rift: implied magnitude and orientation of maximum shear stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mecham, Brent Bradshaw

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kilometers. A third model assumes partial isostatic compensation of the bathymetry, but adds a superimposed lithospheric slab sub- ducting into the trench, and suggests an oceanic crust thickness of 8 kilometers. A complete Bouguer gravity anomaly over... are presented, which successfully account for the observed gravity anomaly across the rift. The first model assumes a heat source, below a 35 kilometer thick continental crust, which promotes regular lateral changes in density due to the horizontal geothermal...

  12. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  13. Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kafle, Nischal

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea 34.6 Greece 0.0 Spain 19.5 Guatemala 0.0 Sri Lanka 0.0 Hong Kong 0.0 Sudan 0.0 Hungary 43.3 Sweden 39.6 India 3.7 Switzerland 40.9 Indonesia 0.0 Syria 0.0 Iran 0.0 Taiwan 19.02 Iraq 0.0 Tanzania 0.0 Ireland 0.0 Thailand 0.0 Israel 0.0 Tunisia 0...

  14. artesian borehole, Singhida (central Tanzania) Hydrology, weather and groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    -WATCH Ensemble: WaterGAP contemporaneous hindcast of subsurface runoff using the Global Hydrological Model WaterGAP does not linear relationship plot prepared by Roz Price and Prof Martin Todd (USussex model (WaterGAP) is problematic Dll and Florke (2005) cited in AR4 a further stumbling block

  15. Political accountability at the local level in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Barak Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    33 Figure 2.2: CCM Structure of Accountability at Nationalof Revenue .13 Table 1.2: CCM Electoral ResultsGovernment Transfers on Change in CCM MP Vote Share in Table

  16. n the lush tropical forest of Tanzania's Gombe National Park,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    related project focuses on analyzing the data. For this project, behavioral ecology doctoral student mining to study patterns and commonalities in female chimpanzee relationships and location behavior. CSE

  17. africa tanzania determinants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Department of Agricultural Economics and the Department of Economics, Michigan State University (MSU). Funding for this research was provided by the Food Security II...

  18. www.deafrica.net Botswana Ghana Mali Senegal Tanzania Zambia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that they achieve maximum impact. #12;5 Why assess impacts from energy interventions? World Bank: Clean energy change Increasing energy access in Sub-Saharan Africa Annual investment needed: $4 billion Current funding: $2 billion Investment gap: $2 billion Even if funding for energy investments raised

  19. Productivity analysis and technology adoption for livestock in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Njukia, James Wambugu

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Variable Y. . . Analysis of Variable YM. Analysis of Variance for Variable YM. . . . , . . . . . Duncan's Multiple Range Test for Variable YM. . 59 62 65 66 66 67 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 Chapter Page Analysis of Variable YW (Cattle... 702 730 461 638 553 Source: Devplan Working Paper. )0 n n 55 " Z. -. - P I I "*": 7 -- -. . -?~ -'. . '. ~ "~ . . r- ) . , ? ' '. , ~. ':; . '. '' I ' . '. , ". ' ' - . &:":~ ~. ~ ':c. ' ' 'r \\ DA ( / / I n'H ~" ~ I' ~no, ' ' . z...

  20. Tanzania-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpodsSweetwaterTMATalbot County(CTI PFAN) | Open

  1. Tanzania-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpodsSweetwaterTMATalbot County(CTI PFAN) |

  2. Tanzania Energy Development and Access Expansion Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0Information Expansion Project Jump to:

  3. Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0Information Expansion Project Jump

  4. Tanzania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0Information Expansion Project Jump(RECP)

  5. Tanzania-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley E P ATanfieldTangshan

  6. Tanzania-National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley E P

  7. Tanzania-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley E PEnergy Information

  8. The Impact of Climate Change on Electricity Demand in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkpoom, Suchao Jake

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is expected to lead to changes in ambient temperature, wind speed, humidity, precipitation and cloud cover. As electricity demand is closely influenced by these climatic variables, there is likely to be ...

  9. United States - Thailand (Siam) relations 1937-1954

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosman, Timothy John

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :lance of independence by an accom. , od- tion r:. 1th '-he J. . p nese occup='tion i. hai relations uith the United States, ;, hich ?as attacked on t no same 'ay becaa'e diiiicult clio strained;. hen th United Stat. s ente=taine; no ic!ea of reacl". ing any accom... unforiuna-cIy p ove~. ' ineffectual a id too late. Japanese po". ier seemed! i re- sistible, and chen. exerted or Decem!aer 7, 1941, the Tilal government c!ecided after only a '" -icf defiance to rego- tiatc a cease-fire and attempt io preserve a emi...

  10. area central thailand: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Central Norte (ACN) region is a designated portion of the TordiHo Field in which a pilot waterflood was initiated in September... Tuvio, Raul 2012-06-07 13 An analysis of the...

  11. Systems approach for housing prototype improvement : case study, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojanavanich, Pisit

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The urgent need for housing, especially for the low income families in most developing countries, is found to be exacerbated by various factors such as the adaptation of inappropriate policies, construction standards, ...

  12. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Partner on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission...

  13. Evidence for cenozoic rifting in Thailand from gravity modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohnstad, Tiffany A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the teriiunation of a large NiVW-SSE trending strike-slip fault related to the extrusion of a. portion of Indochina away froni India, as it collided with Eurasia. . Rifting did not continue alotlg the trencl of the strike-slip fault zone; instead... gravity anomalies from the gndderl geoid heights, a two-diuieusional forur of Lap)&ace's equation in cartesian coordinates was?sed: d~g, , 'i3s =- g?(r3, , 'i)z(?~, 'oz) ? 8/c)y(clh/ dy)) wher'e 2 7 is the gravit'y anoulalv to bc dp'terminpcl, Ji? ls...

  14. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    through its Alternative Energy Development Plan, has set a target to increase biofuel production to five billion litres by 2022. The Thai Government sees this expansion as...

  15. Social capital and participatory slum upgrading in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Diane

    2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . 236 Appendix 5 Non-upgr a d e d slum communit i e s 240 BIBLIOGRAPHY... 242 Acknowledgements I have been fortuna t e to expe ri e n c e suppor t from...

  16. Reinventing Siam: Ideas and Culture in Thailand, 1920-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subrahmanyan, Arjun

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Press, 1982 Fournereau, Lucien. Bangkok in 1892. Translatednineteenth century. In 1892 Lucien Fournereau, an advisor to

  17. Modeling the Water and Nutrient Freshwater Aquaculture in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    parameters 22 5.6 Biodegradation 23 6 Nile tilapia feeding on pellet: Data acquisition and results 24 6 to the canal. Catfish (lat. Clarias batrachus) has the highest production in the area and is also the most of freshwater because of the intensive production. Nutrient loads coming from catfish ponds are the highest

  18. Reinventing Siam: Ideas and Culture in Thailand, 1920-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subrahmanyan, Arjun

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    foreign camera and his eyeglasses bearing a Western name,close to a When his eyeglasses are destroyed, Pachaneuk

  19. Kyoto University has launched a Japan-Thailand collaborative research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and efficient utilization of low-rank coals as well as increased use of biomass will help to reduce CO2 emission Japanese researchers from Kyoto University, Akita University, the Central Research Institute for Electric

  20. Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phumsathan, Sangsan

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge of visitor impacts is critical for sustainable tourism management in national parks. The focus of past tourism impact research on national parks is either on bio-physical impacts (conducted as recreation ecology research) or on social...

  1. Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phumsathan, Sangsan

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    research in KYNP, the most common bio-physical impacts include soil compaction, removal of humus layer, erosion, plant damage, soil and root exposure, water quality deterioration, disturbance and feeding wildlife. Other environmental impacts include noise...

  2. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector...

  3. Dependency and development in northern Thailand's tourism industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacher, Richard Geoffrey

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    (consisting of travel agency fees, tour guide income, and gas) and village income for a two person trip. .................... 20 4 Spending on a two person Tom Lod trip.................................................... 21 5 Total revenue....................................................................... 42 Laissez-Faire ................................................................................... 43 Forming a Cooperative.................................................................... 45 Charging Substantial Entrance Fees...

  4. Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2

  5. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformation 5thTexas-New(EC-LEDS) |

  6. Thailand-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformation 5thTexas-New(EC-LEDS)

  7. Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformation

  8. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar

  9. Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation USDeveloping

  10. Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation

  11. Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI PFAN) |

  12. Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI PFAN) |

  13. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI PFAN)

  14. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTI

  15. Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-LaInformation(CTIEnergy

  16. Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation

  17. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformationPolicy | Open Energy Information

  18. Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformationPolicy | Open Energy

  19. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  20. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ruling Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) (party of the revolution),agreements between CUF and CCM in Zanzibar, accusations ofThus continual election of CCM members in the upper ranks of

  1. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  2. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a national scale included Coca-cola and cigarette companies.persons. For example, the Coca-cola company treats itsa fun carefree lifestyle. Coca-cola associates its soda with

  3. Political Ecology and Coastal Conservation: A Case Study of Menai Bay Conservation Area, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinn, Jamie Elizabeth

    2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    . This thesis begins to fill that gap by using a political ecology-based approach to understand the complex historical, political, and environmental factors that affect issues of degradation and conservation in the Menai Bay Conservation Area of Zanzibar...

  4. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the persons who use Coke sodas from Pepsis soda andthe persons who use Pepsi soda, despite the fact that both

  5. Ecology of a vector-borne zoonosis in a complex ecosystem: trypanosomiasis in Serengeti, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auty, Harriet K.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unravelling the complexities of a disease with multiple wildlife host and multiple tsetse vector species is no easy task. After over a century of field observations, experimental studies, anecdotal evidence and conjecture, ...

  6. Urban agriculture and operational mosquito larvae control: mitigating malaria risk in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Urban agriculture and operational mosquito larvae control: mitigating malaria risk in Dar es Salaam ................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Study area: Dar es Salaam ...................................................................................10 1.5 Urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam

  7. Prevalences of diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Hindu Indian subcommunities in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaiya, K L; Swai, A B; McLarty, D G; Bhopal, Raj; Alberti, K G

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OBJECTIVES--To seek differences in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and other coronary heart disease risk factors, and to identify factors associated with these differences within a Hindu Indian community. DESIGN--Population ...

  8. A planning paradigm for electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa : a case study of Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimson, Sarah

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, a lack of clean electricity generation sources, poor electricity access and low levels of electricity consumption are profoundly stifling sustainable development. This thesis presents a specialized ...

  9. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  10. Tanzania-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpodsSweetwaterTMATalbot County(CTI PFAN) |Energy

  11. Tanzania-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchie Valley E P ATanfieldTangshanEnergy

  12. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monitor influenza in the United States, Poland, Japan and Thailand, dengue fever in Brazil and Thailand, and tuberculosis in China and Thailand. The team was also able to...

  13. Marine Geophysical Researches 21: 489511, 2000. 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , UK; 3Department of Geology & Geophysics, School of Ocean & Earth Science &Technology, University margins, map series, multibeam bathymetry, tectonic erosion, Tonga forearc, Tonga Trench Abstract Four new-going programs in the region, particularly the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and the National Science Foundation

  14. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    finland nigeria serbia and montenegro peru tanzania, unitedcroatia serbia and montenegro zimbabwe tanzania, nigerianam georgia serbia and montenegro japan morocco azerbaijan

  15. From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busch, J.F. Jr.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains Appendix A, B, and C. In Appendix A, we are working as part of a research project with King Monkut's Institute of Technology, Thonburi, and the University of California, Berkeley (USA) to determine how people respond to the thermal environment inside buildings. We have prepared a short questionnaire which will survey thermal comfort. Our plan is to survey each building during each of three seasons over this year (e.g. hot, rainy, and cool seasons). Appendix B contains supporting technical documentation on conservation potential and Appendix C contains documentation on utility impacts.

  16. Int'l PVSEC -121 Technical Digest of the International PVSEC-14, Bangkok, Thailand, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    Properties of CIGS solar cells developed with evaporated II-VI buffer layers A. Romeo, R. Gysel, S. Buzzi, D in Voc and FF are measured. 1. Introduction High efficiency CIGS solar cells have been obtained. We present a comparison of the CIGS based solar cells made with CBD, PVD-CdS and PVD-Zn-based buffer

  17. The International Workshop on Mechatronics 2006 December 12-13, 2006, Supalai Resort, Saraburi, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    . In addition, it has an EDLC bank for an energy buffer. Two DC motors of the wheelchair are driven by a newly for the electric wheelchair. Keywords: wheelchair, PEM fuel cell, EDLC, DC motor, four-quadrant DC chopper 1 Membrane) fuel cell. The wheelchair also has an EDLC (Electric Double Layer Capacitor) bank for an energy

  18. An Assessment of Ecosystem Services Provided by Street Trees in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOONSAWAD, NATTHANIJ

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the valuation of ecosystem services. Ecologicalquantification and valuation of ecosystem services using i-their valuation Although research on ecosystem services has

  19. Thailand's natural rubber economy in an international setting: an econometric investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suwanakul, S.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thai natural rubber economy is described in the context of the world rubber market. An econometric model is estimated for 15 structural equations; it includes the Thai, US, and rest-of-the-world rubber economies. Several simulation experiments are analyzed for the period from 1984 to 1995. Impact and dynamic multipliers are reported for major endogenous variables in response to changes in US GDP, world crude oil price, Thai replanting cess tax and Thai natural rubber production. A 1%, one-time increase in the US GDP has a positive effect on the Singapore natural rubber price. A world crude oil price decline shock has a negative effect in both the short-run and the long-run. The INRO buffer stock stabilization policy as well as alternative domestic Thai policies of market intervention are analyzed. The simulation results show that buffer stock management which allows a price band of +/-20% around the price target has the most stabilized price, compared to other band widths and no stock management. The outcome of the increase of the Thai replanting cess tax raises not only cess tax revenue, but also producer and export earning. Results showed that a decrease in rubber production positively affected producer and export earnings in the long-run.

  20. Efficacy of an intervention for families living with HIV in thailand: A randomized controlled trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, L; Liang, L-J; Lee, S-J; Iamsirithaworn, S; Wan, D; Rotheram-Borus, MJ

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El resultado primario fue la calidad de vida (QoL); otrasn reporto que la calidad de vida hab?a mejorado

  1. Reinventing flexibility : a hybrid paradigm for Thai markets in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattamasattayasonthi, Ekachai

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis asserts that the current form of the proliferating modernization of Thai markets in terms of economic growth and the incorporation of building technology to improve goods storage, attractive envelope, and ...

  2. Determinants of Success for Community-based Tourism: The Case of Floating Markets in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajirakachorn, Thanathorn

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Community involvement has been promoted and studied in diverse disciplines including planning, geography, community development, and others. In the tourism field, the shift from conventional tourism toward sustainable forms of tourism which...

  3. Thermal and lighting performance of toplighting systems in the hot and humid climate of Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harntaweewongsa, Siritip

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    , light distribution, and uniformity. EnergyPlus was used as the thermal analysis tool, and RADIANCE, along with a physical scale model, was used as the lighting performance analysis tool. The sky conditions tested were overcast, clear sky...

  4. Behaviours and attitudes in the management of nonpoint source pollution: Ping River Basin, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumbudsanpharoke, Wimolpat

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural nonpoint source pollution is recognised as a major cause of water pollution. The characteristics of nonpoint source pollution suggest that an efficient approach should focus on a source control and hence land-use management. Recently...

  5. Architectures of Citizenship : : Democracy, Development, and the Politics of Participation in Northeastern Thailand's Railway Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elinoff, Eli Asher

    architecture to simultaneously improve physical infrastructure, remediate poverty, build a sustainable

  6. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Klong Luang, Pathumthani, Thailand The Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal Center of Research for Environment Energy and Water (CREEW), Kathmandu, Nepal International Research Center for River Basin Environment-University of Yamanashi (ICRE). Kathmandu Valley Groundwater Outlook. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), The Small Earth Nepal (SEN

  7. Transportation Applications for Developing Tourist Enclaves: Lessons From Koh Lanta, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittany Nikole Montgomery

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also cause congestion and environmental damage on Lanta Noi.the likelihood of environmental damage to Lanta Noi afterdevelopment, severe environmental damage - primarily oil and

  8. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Monkey Cheeks as wildlife habitat ? Treatment WetlandThe treatment wetland is used to manage stormwater runoffhabitat. walkway treatment wetland walkway Figure 35: Cross-

  9. Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2 RegisteredInformationTextronics

  10. Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2

  11. Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2Energy Information Partnership for

  12. Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformation 5thTexas-New(EC-LEDS)

  13. Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar JumpTennessee/WindPetroleumInformationInformation

  14. Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformationPolicy | Open Energy InformationRenewable

  15. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia

  16. Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Phillippines and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential for carbon sequestration and emission reductionForestry Options on Carbon Sequestration in India, Workinggas emissions and carbon sequestration in the forest sector

  17. THE EFFECT OF IN SITU ALTERATION ON GOLD COMPOSITION AT NYARKAGWE, SUKUMALAND GREENSTONE BELT, NW-TANZANIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to mineraiogical reactions and a change of temperature (initially high and later continuously de creasing of water incorporated In hydrous minerals due to the reaction of hot saline brines with country rock of deposition). Shear zones and quartz veins acted as chimneys for heat release due to hot fluid transfer

  18. The role of research in evaluating conservation strategies in Tanzania: the case of the Katavi-Rukwa ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgerhoff Mulder, Monique; Tim, Caro; Msago, Omari Ayubu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    863-885. Irwin, A. 1995. Citizen science: A study of people,comanagement schemes, and citizen-science initiatives arewith ecotourism and citizen science, has considerable

  19. Comment on Ra-Th disequilibria systematics: Timescale of carbonatite magma formation at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gittins, J. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses potential flaws in study by Williams, Gill, and bruland (1986) dealing with the extreme disequilibria between uranium and thorium series nuclides in alkalic carbonatite lava specimens. It discusses the apparent discrepencies between chemical compositions of lava which were reported from the same eruption. Clarification is made on the actual timing of eruptions in this volcanic region and the effects this would have on the petrogenesis interpretation of these rocks.

  20. Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Phillippines and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Potential and Costs of Forestry Options in Brazil, China,C), China, climate change mitigation potential, costs,in northeastern China. The cost of planting is relatively

  1. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  2. The Drive for Energy Independence and Fuels of the Future

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Sources Production of Shale in the US and Oil Sands in Canada 7 Korea Thailand Brazil Mexico Korea Thailand Brazil Mexico Korea Thailand Brazil India China Japan EU Australia...

  3. Essays on Supply Chains Facing Competition from Gray Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iravani, Foad

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University. Bangkok Post. 2010. BMW Thailand to No Longernews-amp-analysis/ bmw-thailand-no-longer-service-gray-2011b). Prior to Mercedes-Benz, BMW Thailand had decided to

  4. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions inventories for agricultural burning using satellite observations of active fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hsiao-Wen; Jin, Yufang; Giglio, Louis; Foley, Jonathan A; Randerson, James T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria)Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria werehot spots across northern Kazakhstan, along the coast of

  5. Essays on predictability of emerging markets growth and financial performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banegas, Maria Ayelen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa Taiwan Thailand Turkey US Panel B: Global Aggregates Commodities Agriculture EnergySouth Africa Taiwan Thailand Turkey Slope T-stat Obs. Panel M: Energy

  6. Does Social Capital Lead to Support for Democracy in East Asia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jou, Willy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, the Philippines, Taiwan,Hong Kong Japan Korea Mongolia Philippines Taiwan ThailandHong Kong Japan Korea Mongolia Philippines Taiwan Thailand

  7. An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, Sakkara

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    . One photovoltaic system, the hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing...

  8. Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE 2006)" F-024 (O) 21-23 November 2006, Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    /removal of biomethanation projects, renewable energy projects and fuel switch projects. Large number of CDM projects from by renewable energy projects. Biomethanation projects have made a significant impact in the CDM market in terms a reasonable guidance for biomethanation projects in CDM. In India, The National Master Plan for biomethanation

  9. An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, Sakkara

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    the consumption of non-renewable energy. In residential buildings, solar energy has been utilized for space heating and domestic hot water using active solar collector systems and for generating electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. One photovoltaic... system, the hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity...

  10. Voluntary environmental programmes in the developing world: an examination of the ISO 14001 environmental management system certification in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tambunlertchai, Kanittha

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    is particularly severe for the case of developing countries. While VEPs in general and ISO 14001 in particular have rapidly increased across the developing world, the understanding of their implications in the academic literature trail far behind...

  11. University of Rhode Island inAdvance June 7, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    and The Coca-Cola Company. The grant is part of the Tanzania Water and Development Alliance, which aims

  12. 34 December 1997/Vol. 40, No. 12 COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM Shaman with elephant, Sandawe,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santini, Simone

    , Tanzania National Museum #12;COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM December 1997/Vol. 40, No. 12 35 Amarnath Gupta

  13. SE, HVILKE PRISZONER DE FORSKELLIGE LANDE HRER UNDER Frankrig (Monaco, Fransk Guyana,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montenegro Polen Portugal (Azorerne, Madeira) Tyskland Ungarn strig vrige Europa og Thailand Albanien

  14. SE, HVILKE PRISZONER DE FORSKELLIGE LANDE HRER UNDER Frankrig (Monaco, Fransk Guyana,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portugal (Azorerne, Madeira) Tjekkiet Tyskland Ungarn strig vrige Europa og Thailand Albanien Andorra

  15. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  16. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  17. The Making of the Entrepreneur in Tanzania: experimenting with neo-liberal power through discourses of partnership, entrepreneurship, and participatory education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boner, Elizabeth Helene

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trainings batik, composting, environmental enterprise, butTega activities, teaching composting, traveling to Lushoto,Preneur to set up city wide composting efforts. I met this

  18. Upper mantle seismic velocity variations beneath northern Tanza-nia coupled with the structure of the 410 and 660 km discontinuities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritsema, Jeroen

    of the litho- sphere or by a broad thermal upwelling extending from the lower mantle into the upper mantle: plume, rift, eastAfrica, craton. INTRODUCTION Although eastAfrica has long been regarded as a classic. 1). In the first study, relative traveltimes from P and S waves were inverted for upper mantle

  19. Savanna Sounds : : Using Remote Acoustic Sensing to Study Spatiotemporal Patterns in Wild Chimpanzee Loud Vocalizations in the Issa Valley, Ugalla, Western Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piel, Alexander Kenneth

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Third, SPATUs rely on solar power to recharge long-livedThird, SPATUs relied on solar power to recharge long-lived

  20. The montane circulation on Kilimanjaro, Tanzania and its relevance for the summit ice fields: Comparison of surface mountain climate with equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    in vegetation (Hemp, 2005), proxy data (Hastenrath, 2001) and paleoclimatic modelling (Mölg et al., 2006). Many et al., 2009a) and more local change induced by land-use change (Altmann et al., 2002; Hemp, 2005

  1. Oxidation and diffusion of Cu in SrS: Cu grown by MBE for blue phosphors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Oxidation and diffusion of Cu in SrS: Cu grown by MBE for blue phosphors Y.B. Xina,b,*, W. Tonga, ON M9W 5AS, Canada Abstract Systematic studies of MBE grown SrS:Cu thin film blue phosphors Thin film SrS:Cu is a potential candidate for blue electro- luminescent (EL) phosphors. Although recent

  2. Evidence for light perception in a bioluminescent organ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFall-Ngai, Margaret

    Evidence for light perception in a bioluminescent organ Deyan Tonga , Natalia S. Rozasb , Todd H of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706; cDepartment of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University species have been implicated in the perception and control of light emission, particularly

  3. License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Togo Tonga Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Tuvalu Uganda United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Ukraine X X United Arab Emirates X X Uzbekistan X X Vietnam X X Yemen X X ¹ Certain Missile Technology X X Sweden1 X X X Switzerland1 X X X Turkey X X Ukraine X United Kingdom X X X X United States X X X

  4. 6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)" 1-3 December 2004, Hua Hin, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)" 1 fuels for the reduction of carbon monoxide emissions from the vehicles operating in the area [11, 12

  5. Proceedings of the Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology (SAAIP), IJCNLP 2011, pages 7379, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cardiff Social Media Research Group, ITT Dublin / Ireland John.Cardiff@ittdublin.ie Paolo Rosso NLE Lab the second or third page in search results. In this paper, we propose the "Tell me What I Need" (TWIN

  6. Conference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 14-16, 2004. 2003 Dennis Ray and Frank Wayno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Education in a Transitioning Electric Power Industry Dennis Ray Executive Director Power Systems Engineering if they are considered as much a part of the electric supply industry infrastructure as poles and wires. By putting, in some cases over an extended period of time. Historically, the electric-power system has been vertically

  7. The relevance of contemporary bronze casting in Ubon, Thailand for understanding the archaeological record of the Bronze Age in Peninsular Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everly, Daniel Eugene

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ????????????........ 109 Bowl Furnace Construction????????????.. 109 Melting the Bronze?????????????........... 110 Pouring the Molten Bronze??????????........... 111 Removing the Bronze Product from the Clay Mould........... 112... arsenides) following the addition of the arsenic material to the molten copper with its subsequent diffusion into the copper due to the miscibility (blending) qualities of the two materials. ?Once the arsenates were exhausted in copper deposits...

  8. A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This working paper includes new analyses of the six R-PPs recently submitted by Argentina, Costa Rica, Kenya, Nepal, Republic of Congo and Tanzania for formal consideration...

  9. Edinburgh Research Explorer Citation for published version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    , Environmental Management and Energy Studies, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa Abstract in Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda are presented as three separate case studies. Each case examines

  10. international enrollment report

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    Gerber, Leah R.

    Singapore 22 Thailand 23 Vietnam 28 Europe 320 Albania 5 Armenia 1 Austria 8 Azerbaijan 6 Belgium 1 Bosnia

  11. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  12. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7_James Warden_2013-05-06 123 agreements...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Norway - Canada - Russian Federation - China - South Africa - Colombia - Switzerland - Egypt - Thailand - EURATOM (27 countries) - Turkey - India - Ukraine - Indonesia - United...

  14. 6 Conservation for Whose Benefit? Challenges and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in north-eastern Tanzania is a protected area where different social groups are involved in contest for natural resourc- es. The main groups include pastoralists, who have used Mkomazi as their grazing area Reserve, Tanzania. #12;People, Protected Areas and Global Change 222 North-South perspectives 6

  15. A l u m n i C a m p u si n h a l t i m p r e s s u m Eine Freundin Tanzanias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    neue Krebsmedikamente Kstenschutz und Windkraft auf See Karriere Kpfe Konzerne Prominente Alumni

  16. Trade and institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahakitsiri, Doungdao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    xi Chapter 1 Trade, Wage Premia and Labor1.2.2 Thailand: trade policy and labor market . . . . . 1.33.4 Free Trade Agreements and Customs Unions . . . . . . .

  17. asia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  18. asia chiiki sangyo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  19. asia actinopterygii acipenseridae: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  20. asia taiheiyo sekitan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  1. asia chiiki kokusai: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  2. asia sonraku ni: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    countries The Asia Strategy will focus on five countries: ChinaHong Kong, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Students* 829 34 199 71 90 Alumni**...

  3. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanka Mozambique Peru Kazakhstan Korea Georgia SwitzerlandThailand (2004), and Kazakhstan In addition to globalizationVietnam Taiwan Mozambique Kazakhstan Ukraine Georgia Korea

  4. Capital flows and economic growth in the era of financial integration and crisis, 1990-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin; Park, Donghyun

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the results of comparing Kazakhstan and Thailand for theis relatively higher in Kazakhstan throughout the decade.whereas the flow to Kazakhstan declined. It is possible that

  5. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet Union (Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Russia),kg CO 2 /$GDP FSS Ukraine Kazakhstan Iran East Asia BelarusAsia China South Africa Kazakhstan Malaysia Russia Thailand

  6. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy analysis of fuel ethanol from cassava in Thailand.of cassava-based fuel ethanol used as an alternativediversified materials for fuel ethanol production in China.

  7. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  8. amblyomma americanum ticks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY... Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George 29 SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TICKS IN THAILAND: A...

  9. amblyomma cajennense tick: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY... Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George 25 SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TICKS IN THAILAND: A...

  10. amblyomma parvum ticks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY... Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George 32 SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TICKS IN THAILAND: A...

  11. amblyomma variegatum ticks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY... Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George 27 SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TICKS IN THAILAND: A...

  12. John Krummel | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the principal investigator on projects that evaluated the effect of slash-and-burn agriculture on tropical forest loss in Thailand, the use of GIS technology in visualizing...

  13. au burkina faso: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIA KENYA SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL CHILE THAILANDE BOLIVIE MAROC TUNISIE TANZANIE VENEZUELA CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIE KENYA AFRIQUE DU SUD 17 La...

  14. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  15. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  16. Dr. David Kemp Australian Minister of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooperative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Ghana rural electrification Botswana / Senegal clean coal Southern States/Thailand sustainable industry development Southern States/Brazil clean coal power

  17. Public Health in East and Southeast Asia: Challenges and Opportunities in the Twenty-First Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detels, Roger; Sullivan, Sheena G.; Tan, Chorh Chuan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National OHS Profile of Mongolia. Geneva: Internationalthis book. Myanmar China Mongolia Japan 2 Changes in SocialPhilippines, Thailand, Inner Mongolia, Indonesia 6others

  18. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Financial Analysis of Cogeneration Projects. Presentation atfinancial analysis for cogeneration projects in Thailand.integrated steel mills Cogeneration for the use of untapped

  19. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  20. Developing Africa's economy Doing the sums on Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Governments in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are co-operating closely with America almost 2,000 troops in the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, based in Panos Page 1 of 6Economist

  1. The Political Economy of Health Care Problems in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ityavyar, Dennis A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the comparison between Nigeria and Tanzania are taken from:and Economic Changes in Nigeria and the Organization ofOF HEALTH CARE PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA by Dennis A. Ityavyar The

  2. VTA Annual Report 2009 Valuing the Arc Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchant, Rob

    which we organized at the Society for Conservation Biology (SCB) annual meeting in Beijing, and the use that exists for this region of Tanzania), to the initial construction of spatially explicit models

  3. The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership Conference is presented by NDIA with technical support from ONR The Naval Postgraduate School's Role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Directed Energy Systems Software Engineering Combat System Physics Electronic Warfare SIGINT 1 Kenya 1 Nigeria 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Tanzania 1 Tunisia 4 11 #12;The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership

  4. Household Segmentation in Food Insecurity and Soil Improving Practices in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nata, Jifar T

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    improved chickpea varieties, smallholder farmers in Ethiopia and Tanzania farmers are able to produce more and create a market surplus in their locality (Asfaw and Shiferaw 2010). Food security for these farmers improved after adoption. Further, Asfaw...

  5. http://medmyst.rice.eduRice University --Center for Technology in Teaching and Learning MedMyst MagazineA Companion to Web Adventures at http://medmyst.rice.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    instead of hours and design power packs that use solar energy. There is a mini-microscope, a centrifuge (a of diarrhea. This ingenious backpack has already been used in 14 different countries from Ecuador to Tanzania

  6. Around the World byprivatejet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    AngkorWat, Cambodia Petra or Wadi Rum, Jordan engeti Plain or rongoro Crater, Tanzania The Great Barrier cities of the ancient world at Petra, or explore the lunar-like landscape of Wadi Rum. Cambodia india

  7. Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean Energy and Development for South Africa: BackgroundSouth Africa Texas Thailand WN Central WS Central Yixing IEA EnergySouth Africa Thailand United States Uruguay Venezuela IEA Indicators (McNeil 2003) INE Venezuela A-20 Appendix 3 Unit Energy

  8. Theoretical Economics Letters, 2013, 3, 14-20 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/tel.2013.35A1003 Published Online September 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/tel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    of Ethanol Investment Decisions in Thailand Nisal Herath Mudiyanselage1 , C.-Y. Cynthia Lin2 , Fujin Yi3 1 in building ethanol plants in Thailand. We analyze the effects of economic factors, strategic factors, and government policies on ethanol investment using discrete response and fixed effects re- gres- sion models

  9. Review of Externality Valuation Lotte Schleisner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the project "Investigation of Pricing Incentives in a Renewable Energy Strategy in Thailand". The report gives of externalities in the project "Investigation of Pricing Incentives in a Renewable Energy Strategy in Thailand to elaborate pricing mechanisms to promote renewable energy and to assess the level of pricing incentive taking

  10. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into second generation biofuels using sugar cane bagasse, it's still at an experimental level but is expected/7/2010 GAIN Report Number:TH0098 Thailand Biofuels Annual Annual 2010 Approved By: Orestes Vasquez Highlights: The report discusses the effects of Thailand's biofuel policy on production, supply and demand

  11. Publications and other Writings *pretty much a complete listing, but always growing... mostly with links to the papers, some

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

    Electrical Engineering Conference of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1997. 10. Loke, S.W., Sterling, L - 245. ACM Press, March 1996. 2. Loke, S.W., Davison, A., and Sterling, L. CiFi: An Intelligent Agent report 96/4, as compressed postscript. 3. Loke, S.W., Davison, A., and Sterling, L. Lightweight Deductive

  12. Interview and talk of Elizabeth Colson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colson, Elizabeth

    2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    as Kluckhohn got me a job under Alex Leighton with the War Relocation Authority which was responsible for the Japanese who had been moved from the west coast; we were in a camp in Arizona called Poston; Layton was a psychiatrist, head of the Bureau... methods and approaches; now Kant and Hegel are in; on my own work it has been a bit of this then a bit of that; like learning; started out in life histories, then work on assimilation, then structural-functionalist line with Plateau Tonga, then migration...

  13. Effects of steeping and germination time on malt properties of two sorghum cultivars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mrema, Greyson Chris

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    production. Sorghum is a staple food grain in many rural areas of Africa and Asia. Sorghum is directly consumed in the form of traditional foods in SAT. But it has not withstood competition from cereals like maize, rice, and wheat in urban areas... (Subramanian et al. , 1988). Munck et al, (1982) observed an increasing trend in the use of wheat or rice in Africa even in countries where sorghum and pearl millet were the traditional staple grains. 6orghum in Tanzania In Tanzania, sorghum is the second...

  14. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

  15. Open to the public! : a new network of communal recreation waterfront space in Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srirojanapinyo, Apichart

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physically and historically, Bangkok has been shaped by its relationship to its waterfront. Flowing 370 kilometers through Thailand, the Chao Phraya River is more than the nation's lifeline. It was a principal waterway ...

  16. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  17. Ryan Corey `12 Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    Mozambique Peru Saint Lucia South Africa Thailand United States Interdisciplinary Environmental Center science and policy Renewable energy Resource conservation Sustainable agriculture Sustainable developmentRyan Corey `12 Electrical Engineering Ryan created a more energy efficient mid- infrared LED from

  18. INSTRUCTOR BIOGRAPHY Languages spoken

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand EMEA United Arab Emirates United Kingdom North America Canada United States Company experience: Big 4 firm First Chicago

  19. The Impact of Credit on Village Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Robert

    This paper evaluates the short- and longer term impact of Thailand's "Million Baht Village Fund" program, among the largest scale government microfinance iniatives in the world, using pre- and post-program panel data and ...

  20. The Geographic Concentration of Enterprise in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, John S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nation's economic geography can have an enormous impact on its development. In Thailand, we show that a high concentration of enterprise in an area predicts high subsequent growth in and around that area. We also find ...

  1. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20Fund%20-%20Thailand.pdf ETSU. 1999. Industrial SectorSee discussion of this report in ETSU, AEA Technology. 2001.environment/ccl/pdf/etsu-analysis.pdf European Commission,

  2. Southeast Asia applied geophysics workshop: Geoscientists without borders Lee M. Liberty*, Spencer H. Wood, Emily A. Hinz, and Dylan Mikesell, Boise State University, Fongsaward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Southeast Asia applied geophysics workshop: Geoscientists without borders Lee M. Liberty*, Spencer of the SEG Foundation Geoscientists Without Borders program, we conducted a geophysics workshop in northern Thailand to train students and professionals in geophysical methods to address environmental

  3. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  4. Scale-Dependent Relationships between Population and Environment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    Scale-Dependent Relationships between Population and Environment in Northeastern Thailand Stephen J. Walsh, Tom P. Evans, Willlam F. Welsh, Barbara Entwlsle, and Ronald R. Rindfuss Abstract with social

  5. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jrme

    , Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, APO AA 34002 Panama, Republic of Panama 3 Thai Royal Forest Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  6. Bull. Disas. Prey. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., Vol. 45, Part 2,3 No. 391, February, 1996 61 A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment Based on Heterogeneous Soil Water Storage Capacity, for the mesoscale catchments of Japan and Thailand. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters has been conducted

  7. Infrastructure investment and policy management of water resources for small-scale irrigated agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amornvivat, Sutapa, 1974-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the options for enhancing the welfare of small farmers in Thailand through subsidies of irrigation infrastructure. Enhanced water storage and irrigation can significantly improve yield and the welfare of the ...

  8. 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 1 of 5 Cisco Unified IP Phone 6945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    -over-Ethernet (PoE) Class 1, which is the lowest-power consumption IP phone to save energy and support your green (Sweden) Serbian (Republic of Serbia and Republic of Montenegro) Slovenian (Slovenia) Thai (Thailand

  9. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    , Thailand, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Cyprus, Turkey, Serbia, Iran, and Vietnam-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  10. Effects of Recreation Participation and Tildenian Interpretation on Tourists Environmental Concern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satchabut, Thitikan

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Student Council (GSC) at TAMU for providing me a travel grant to collect my data in Thailand. My earnest gratitude extends to the faculty and staff at Phattalung Polytechnic College (PPC), staff at Thale Noi Waterfowl Park, local sponsors in Phattalung... in the developing world (Ignatow, 2006). Aoyagi-Usui, Vinken, and Kuribayashi (2003) noted that, ?few studies have been conducted in Asian contexts? (p. 25). Pornpitakpan (2001) thus suggested, ?An index of environmental concern in Thailand serves as a...

  11. Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cooling. In cold-climate countries, electricity is often used for space heating as well. Natural gas is mainly Energy Used in Building Demolition Demolition Removal Energy Used in Building Operation Space Cooling Lighting Equipment Water... Lifetime Building Energy Consumption Figure 1: Lifetime Building Energy Consumption Components for a Typical Residence in Thailand. used for only cooking for hot and humid climates such as Thailand. In cold climates, gas is also used for space...

  12. Relation restricted prediction analysis Ivo Dntsch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dntsch, Ivo

    an ordinal attribute" situation ((n, o)-prediction), as well as in the (o, o)-situation. We show how 61 14 25 (6) Thailand 2.1 8 142 20 36 (7) Colombia 2.7 47 284 16 37 (8) Malaysia 1.6 29 313 18 38 (9 Indonesia 0 0 0 1 25 Thailand 1 0 0 1 36 Colombia 1 2 1 1 37 Malaysia 0 1 2 1 38 Guayana 2 1 2 0 42 Jamaica

  13. BOOK REVIEWS Gerald McGrath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    BOOK REVIEWS Gerald McGrath Land Law Reform in Eastern Africa: Traditional or Transformative of 50 years of land law reform in Eastern Africa, shows that some of them, especially Kenya and Tanzania to an examination of the land reform legislation that was been enacted by each jurisdiction after its independ- ence

  14. Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According-West Frontier Province), in northern Pakistan. But the provision of these goods and services is at risk payments for ecosystem services. Case studies featured here were conducted in: Pakistan, Tanzania

  15. QUICK FACTS Official Development Assistance (ODA) dropped from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    and Tanzania has allowed great strides in child mortality and education. Novartis sells medicine at lower,sustain economic growth and improve service delivery in areas like health and education. In sub-Saharan Africa,74% of the population lacks access to electricity.There is an urgent need to strengthen global public

  16. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for academic programs and living expenses, the program provides a custom leadership academy, experiential Partnerships for Sustainable Community Development Program INTERNATIONAL STUDIES & PROGRAMS DEAN; CTR FOR ADV STUDY OF INTL DEVELOPMENT - ISP Africa Tanzania The MSU-based Partnerships for Sustainable Community

  17. Partial Cranium of Cercopithecoides kimeui Leakey, 1982 From Rawi Gully, Southwestern Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plummer, Thomas

    Partial Cranium of Cercopithecoides kimeui Leakey, 1982 From Rawi Gully, Southwestern Kenya Stephen The Rawi Gully, located on the Homa Peninsula in southwestern Kenya, has produced several fossil elements habitat than the other occurrences of C. kimeui at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and Koobi Fora, Kenya

  18. Service in Cambridge ROLE MODELS FOR TOMORROW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuter, Martin

    the launch of their efficient, rechargeable batteries in Tanzania. EGG- energy customers can also swap@MIT.EDU Photos: courtesy of Public Service Fellows and Grantees Ruben has "an abiding reverence for education their depleted batteries for fully-charged ones. Jukka concentrated on improving EGG's day-to-day operations

  19. Dr. Timothy D. Baird 115 Major Williams Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resler, Lynn M.

    . of Geography, December 2007 Thesis Title: The Effects of Conservation on Risk Perception and Behavioral). Conservation and Unscripted Development in Northern Tanzania. Ecology and Society. Timothy D. Baird and Paul, Paul Leslie, and J. Terrence McCabe (2009). Effect of Conservation on Local Perceptions of Risk

  20. Glasgow Centre for International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    , the Universities of Dar es Salaam and Dodoma in Tanzania, North-West University in South Africa and the University University and partners in the Global South, but also between partners in the Global South. What does GCID do and development food security human health sustainable energy Currently, at the University of Glasgow

  1. The woman hidden in the Diwani ya Mnyampala Writing in Kiswahili, Mathias E. Mnyampala (1917-1969) was an important poet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -1969) was an important poet, historian, essayist and judge from Tanzania. A famous poet, renowned for his mastery of classical techniques of poetic composition, he was the president of a national-scale association of poets). The principle behind Diwani is that of a collection, created by the poet himself, of his own poems in order

  2. SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience) By Asapo, E. S. (PhD) 20th Development. The Nigeria Experience. Conclusion. #12;Development that meets the needs of present generations, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda projected to increase

  3. Contact | Recommend this newsletter Quarterly news on GTZ's work on energy and climate protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for East African and German solar industry Africa-EU Energy Partnership ­ High Level Meeting GTZ Energy The International Energy Agency (IEA) and the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) launched a study on 'Sustainable in Kosovo Solar now! Increasing the share of solar in Kenya's and Tanzania's energy mix: win-win potentials

  4. Are there other programs? Yes! This advising guide is a good place to start, but

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    -related internship, and elective options such as Environmental Issues in Chi- na, Politics in China, Chinese History, Sustainable Energy, Ethics & Sustainability, Frieburg: Green City, and many more. Wildlife Conservation and Political Ecology (SIT) Arusha, Tanzania Language Req: None Class Standing: Sophomore & Above Minimum GPA: 2

  5. Are there other programs? Yes! This advising guide is a good place to start, but you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    -related intern- ship, and elective options such as Environmental Issues in China, Politics in China, Chinese, Sustainable Energy, Ethics & Sustainability, Frieburg: Green City, and many more. Wildlife Conservation and Political Ecology (SIT) Arusha, Tanzania Language Req: None Class Standing: Sophomore & Above Minimum GPA: 2

  6. CURRICULUM VITAE Randall A. Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire, Lynn A.

    cost-sharing for biodiversity conservation. 2002-2007: Chair, Environmental Economics and Policy conservation in Tanzania, Mozambique and Mongolia. 1999-2000: Chair, Division of Environmental Sciences, and efforts in global environmental health. Professor of Environmental Economics and Global Health, Nicholas

  7. Increased use of Renewable Energy in Africa through a Program of Energy Enterprise Development and Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine Eibs Singer

    2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    To provide training in enterprise development and technical applications, local partner capacity building, individualized enterprise development services and seed capital investment to catalyze the creation of sustainable renewable energy enterprises that deliver clean energy services to households and businesses in South Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

  8. Seminar Series Friday, June 1st, 2012, 13.00 -14.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seminar Series Friday, June 1st, 2012, 13.00 - 14.00 Dynamics of indigenous soil-water management soil-water management practices found in Mbinga district, Ruvuma, Tanzania. The study aimed Nsenga Visiting PhD Student Centre for Sustainable Rural Development Sokoine University of Agriculture

  9. Identificando lugares con la gente del 1er Festival de la Calle Loza: El uso de mapas participativos como herramienta para recopilar y crear capas de informacin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    . Participatory mapping and geographical patterns of the social landscape values of rural communities in Zanzibar of the social landscape values of rural communities in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Fennia 187: 1, pp. 4360. Helsinki;Ejemplo #7: #12;Lugares donde el desarrollo turstico no debe ocurrir. Nivel de apoyo al desarrollo

  10. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  11. Seminar Series Monday, June 18th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . He is a natural resource economist with socio-economic, environmental and natural resources. In Tanzania, 70 % of the land is under village management, and nearly 30% is protected land. This means of allocating land. There seems to be no overview of areas of available land (land bank) people had different

  12. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sponsored by NOAA, California Energy Commission, and CalFed; #12;EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: USGS (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used their information needs. In the US, INFORM is a project that is motivated by the water and energy shortages

  13. Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

  14. PROCEEDINGS Stockholm Water Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    -0127 The Joint Conference 7th Stockholm Water Symposium1 3rd InternationalConference a11 tlie Enviro~~mnent;~l Ma.A.G.M, a Systematic Approach to Lake Water Pollution Assessment, - Eindhoven: University of Technology, Eindhoven Assessment, Water Pollution in the Catchment of Lake Victoria, Dares Salaam, Tanzania, August, 1994

  15. Preprints of the 8 International Conference on Wetland Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Preprints of the 8 th International Conference on Wetland Systems Arusha ­ Tanzania ­ 16 th to 19 th Spetember 2002 1 DESIGN CRITERIA AND PERFORMANCES OF REED BED FILTERS FOR THE TREATMENT OF WASHING.houdoy@inst-elevage.asso.fr ABSTRACT Initially designed for the treatment of domestic wastewater, Vertical Flow Reed Bed Filters [VFRBF

  16. Reduction of ruminant methane emissions - a win-win-win opportunity for business, development, and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, R. [Appropriate Technology International, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes research efforts of The Global Livestock Producers Program (GLPP) in establishing self-sustaining enterprises for cost-effective technologies (i.e., animal nutrition and genetic improvement) and global methane emissions reductions in developing world nations. The US Environmental Protection Agency has funded several studies to examine the possibilities of reducing ruminant methane emissions in India, Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Brazil. The results of the studies showed that: (1) many developing countries` production systems are inefficient, and (2) great potential exists for decreasing global methane emissions through increasing animal productivity. From this effort, the GLPP established livestock development projects in India, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, and is developing projects for Bangladesh, Nepal, and Brazil. The GLPP has developed a proven methodology for assessing ruminant methane and incorporating methane emissions monitoring into viable projects.

  17. Conclusions about Niche Expansion in Introduced Impatiens walleriana Populations Depend on Method of Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandle, Lisa; Warren, Dan L.; Hoffman, Matthias H.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Schmitt, Johanna; von Wettberg, Eric J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -range occurrences from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, and 100 naturalized occurrence points from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States...) Important bird area factsheet: Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe: BirdLife International. 45. Espenak F, Anderson J (1999) Total Solar Eclipse of 2001 June 21. GreenbeltMD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 46. United States Census Bureau (2002) Census 2000 U...

  18. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  19. Mathematics Achievement Scale Score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Croatia 490 New Zealand 486 Spain 482 Romania 482 Poland 481 Turkey 469 Azerbaijan 463 Chile 462 Thailand Romania 505 Spain 505 Poland 505 TIMSS Scale Centerpoint 500 New Zealand 497 Kazakhstan 495 Norway 494 Kazakhstan 487 Sweden 484 Ukraine 479 Norway 475 Armenia 467 Romania 458 United Arab Emirates 456 Turkey 452

  20. USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew 1* , Wit, Thailand *Corresponding email address: krunapon@kku.ac.th ABSTRACT Facebook, a social media web application, is a part of million student lives. Students use Facebook for communicating with friends and playing games

  1. Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    1 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa, Burapha University, Thailand #12;2 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing by doing and exploring. This paper presents the approach and the experience in using Facebook and Google

  2. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    -3-9 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0001, Japan}12 [5]{Ocean Policy Research Foundation, 3-4-10 Toranomon Singapore SGP Thailand THA Vietnam VNM Bangladesh OSA BGD Bhutan BTN India/Andhra Pradesh IND ANPR India/Bihar, Jharkhand BIHA India/Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura EHIM India/Gujarat GUJA

  3. IEA participating countries Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    , the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland-encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy

  4. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    of natural rubber. World prices of rubber are not only subject to changes in demand, but also to speculation is one of the world's largest producers of rubber. As rubber prices are influenced by external markets, it is important to analyse the relationship between the relevant markets in Thailand, Japan and Singapore

  5. Assessing Evidence for a Pervasive Alteration in Tropical Tree Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of America, 13 Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, 14 Laboratory Thai National Park Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Chatuchak Bangkok, Thailand, 7 Institute Ecology Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan, 17 Faculty of Science

  6. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  7. Digital Technology For Conviviality 37 The Education Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Technology For Conviviality 37 Context: The Education Intervention effort in Thailand 3333://www.onec.go.th) #12;3 - Context 38 Digital Technology For Conviviality able to think, take action based on their ideas of the bodies of knowledge and learning process. The organization of system, structure, and process of education

  8. ELMs and the Performance of Burning Plasma Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Institute of Tech., Pathumthani 12121, Thailand 3SAIC, San Diego, CA 92121, USA IEA Workshop on Burning Plasma Physics and Simulation 4-5 July 2005 #12;Predictive Modeling of Burning Plasmas IEA of burning plasma experiments using static and dynamic pedestal models IEA Workshop on Burning Plasma Physics

  9. S U NTM U L T R ATM 10 WO R K S T A T I O N THE POWERFUL, EXPANDABLE ULTRA SYSTE M THAT ' S E A SY TO A FFORD.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    : +886-2-514-0567 THAILAND: +662-636-1555 TURKEY: +90-212-236-3300 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: +971-4-366-333 UNITED KINGDOM: +44-1-276-20444 UNITED STATES: +1-800-821-4643 VENEZUELA: +58-2-286-1044 WORLDWIDE

  10. DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

  11. Article Tools Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    disease detection combines Nature's diagnostic tools with nanotechnology and electronics Posted: Nov 7th nanomaterials design and production Posted: Nov 6th, 2008 New research fuels continued growth of San Diego Clean-Tech cluster Posted: Nov 6th, 2008 Tiny solar cells power carbon nanotube sensor Posted: Nov 6th, 2008 Thailand

  12. Neutron Scattering Presented to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Carbon capture and storage Major improvements in energy efficiency for: Transportation Buildings China India Brazil Mexico Greece France Japan South Korea Thailand Today's technology New science and technology Technology improvement Energy use and CO2 emissions, 19802005 #12;4 Managed by UT

  13. CHARLES WESLEY WOOD BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/wes-wood/71/499/230)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    , Thailand, Honduras, Mexico, The Philippines, Haiti, and New Zealand. Wes served as Associate Editor beneath buried fuel tanks in Dothan, AL; assessment of pollution problems from composting operations in Baldwin County, AL; assessment of water pollution from land applied swine waste in North Carolina

  14. Visualizing non-hierarchical and hierarchical cluster analyses with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schonlau, Matt

    are impractical when the data set is large. For non-hierarchical cluster algorithms (e.g. Kmeans) a graph like implementations of the Kmeans algorithm. A data set related to asbestos claims and the Thailand Landmine Data-hierarchical, large data, Kmeans algorithm #12;2 1 Introduction The purpose of cluster analysis is to cluster

  15. Briolant et al. Malaria Journal 2010, 9:141 http://www.malariajournal.com/content/9/1/141

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    -malarial activity of tetracycline and its derivatives [3]. Daily doxycycline (DOX) has been shown to be an effective chemoprophylactic in Thailand [4], Indonesia [5], and Kenya [6]. DOX is currently one of the recommended [7]. DOX is now recommended by the French Consensus Conference for chemoprophylaxis in countries

  16. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  17. The Benefits of Fish Meal in Aquaculture Diets1 R.D. Miles and F.A. Chapman2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    , color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political, especially fish and shrimp. Fishmeal carries large quantities of energy per unit weight and is an excellent principal fishmeal-producing countries are Chile, China, Thailand, U.S.A., Iceland, Norway, Denmark

  18. Bacteria-Induced Dscam Isoforms of the Crustacean, Pacifastacus leniusculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppsala Universitet

    Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Pathumthani, Thailand, 3 State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, College of Oceanography and Environmental Science Watthanasurorot et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons

  19. Mission Day The Call to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    knowledge and expertise on sustainability. #12;Our research Water research in Thailand Coffee waste water treatment in Nicaragua Garden- based education in the International District #12;The foods we enjoy... Bon Apptit buys local and organic whenever possible. The Farm to Fork program sources locally produced items

  20. Z .Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 153 2000 155163 www.elsevier.comrlocatermolcata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Thanh N.

    Z .Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 153 2000 155163 www and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart Uniersity, Bangkok 10900, Thailand. q 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Zeolite catalysis is of prime

  1. Fulbright U.S. Student Program, 1998-2011 Source: International Institute Fellowships Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    . Munger, Indonesia Francine Conley, France Michael J. Batek, Bolivia E.L. Goss, Netherlands Christel D. Kesler, Germany David M. Ciarlo, Germany Jennifer M. Fay, Germany Scott P. Lehmann, Germany James M James R. Peters, Thailand Vanessa Newburn, Norway David C. Mayes, Germany 1999-2000: David J. Brown

  2. Fulbright U.S. Student Program, 1998-2009 Source: International Institute Fellowships Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    , Indonesia Francine Conley, France Michael J. Batek, Bolivia E.L. Goss, Netherlands Christel D. Kesler, Germany David M. Ciarlo, Germany Jennifer M. Fay, Germany Scott P. Lehmann, Germany James M. Williams, South Africa Jeremy B. Liebowitz, Uganda Joshua D. Whitford, Italy Theodore W. Mayer, Thailand James R

  3. ANA and GIS zeolite synthesis directly from alumatrane and silatrane by sol-gel process and microwave technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulari, Erdogan

    ANA and GIS zeolite synthesis directly from alumatrane and silatrane by sol-gel process and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand b The Department of Chemical Engineering used as precursors to produce aluminosilicate via the sol-gel process. Due to their ability

  4. Structural and rheological aspect of mesoporous nanocrystalline TiO2 synthesized via solgel process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulari, Erdogan

    gel process N. Phonthammachai a , T. Chairassameewong a , E. Gulari b , A.M. Jamieson c , S. Wongkasemjit a,* a The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Phya Thai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand b glycolate; Titania; Rheology; Solgel process and viscoelastic properties 1. Introduction Titanium dioxide

  5. The investment in, and adoption of, innovative science andtechnologyiscrucialtoimprovingthehealthofpopu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    , which will improve treatment outcomes6 . Emerging economies such as India, Mexico and Thailand have also to provide cost savings in drug development, to reduce health-care costs, to stimulate growth and investment of the potential products will all need to be addressed. However, how a developing country chooses to leverage

  6. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  7. Linear Performance Indices to Predict Oscillatory Stability Problems in Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caizares, Claudio A.

    their stability limits due to economical and environmental constraints. Incidents of Submitted to IEEE Trans the financial support of NSERC, Canada, and the E&CE Department at the University of Waterloo. C. A. Ca.canizares@ece.uwaterloo.ca. N. Mithulananthan is with the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, mithulan

  8. Biofuels in the ASEAN Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Forum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/20/2012 1 Biofuels in the ASEAN Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Forum Bangkok, Thailand 19-21 September 2012 Biofuel Policy Group Asian Institute of Technology Outline of the Presentation 1. Objectives of this Presentation 2. Background 3. Status of Biofuel Development in ASEAN 4

  9. International Coal Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    NA South Africa 5.81 4.97 7.59 8.50 10.34 NA NA NA NA Spain NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Sweden NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Thailand NA...

  10. Chemical Engineering Journal 97 (2004) 241248 Effects of Pt and Ag on the photocatalytic degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulari, Erdogan

    Chemical Engineering Journal 97 (2004) 241­248 Effects of Pt and Ag on the photocatalytic, Thailand b Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA, Erdogan Gularib a The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330

  11. JournalofApplied Phycology 5: 593-604, 1993. 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers.Printed in Belgium. 593

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , Israel, Czechoslovakia, Japan, Thailand and France. With the onset of the energy crisis, microalgae were 19 July 1993; revised 16 August 1993; accepted 17 August 1993 Key words:microalgae, culture systems, race-ways, photobioreactors, mass culture, algal biotechnology Abstract Microalgae are very efficient

  12. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .-K. Chou Narai**** Chin*** (THAILAND) Dr. George T.F. Wong MCB Sand*** Satap****(INDIA) Dr. Cheng** Sah** (INDIA) Dr. Yeng-Long Chen Sanch*** Bis*** (INDIA) Dr. Chia-Fu Chou Sach** Vi*** Mul** (INDIA**** (PHILIPPINES) Dr. Paul E. Verslues HEN** AKR*** DO** (GHANA) KA* SYUA* L** (MALAYSIA) Dr. Pei-Wen Hsiao Mu

  13. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting 3-phenoxybenzoic acid in plasma and its application to farmers and consumers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    be detected in urine but urinary 3-PBA cannot be used to assess the active dose. The 3-PBA-adduct represents including the adduct formed after alkaline hydrolysis, liquid­liquid extraction (LLE) and solid phase. Introduction Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides in Thailand have been widely used in household products

  14. Experience of Consolidation Of Disused Sources In Developing Countries, An African Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kifanga, L.D.; Mompome, W.K.; Shao, D. [Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, Arusha (Tanzania, United Republic of)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application of sealed sources in agriculture, medicine and industry was used in many African countries without having any arrangements in place for managing the sources when their useful life was over. In Tanzania a substantial use of such sources was utilized. In the early days source management was not an area that was given the required attention hence a legacy associated with sealed sources became evident in many African countries and Tanzania was one of them. In the 90's Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), realized the scope of the waste problem and began to participate in an International Atomic Energy Agency Regional (IAEA) project on waste management. Tanzania in cooperation with IAEA initiated activities under the IAEA Technical Cooperation and the Regional projects 'Strengthening Waste Management Infrastructure, RAF/4/015'; and 'Sustaining the Waste Management Infrastructure RAF/3/005' which played a significant role. The first outcome of the project was realized in 1999, as the first 'Temporary Radioactive Waste Storage Facility' began to operate. This particular Storage facility gave the first impact as well as the need to develop this particular infrastructure further. As the project carried on, more and more orphan sources were recovered, collected and safely stored at the facility. As the use of nuclear technology was expanding and the identification of the extent of sealed sources in the countries became more defined, the need to develop a 'Central Radioactive Waste Management Facility' (CRWMF) was becoming more desired. The central radioactive waste storage facility was constructed and commissioned in 2005. The facility was more advanced and could be used for much longer periods of time, as one of the most advanced storage facility in the Region. At present a large number of disused sources from various industries as well as from different activities are being stored at the facility. Tanzanian authorities are also planning to initiate a nationwide mission to recover and properly store as well as dispose of abandoned sources. Cooperation among the AFRA Member states has been very rewarding in terms of experience and its importance. Skills that have been gained during the past years of existence of the AFRA project will be a vital contribution for years to come. This paper discusses the experiences of United Republic of Tanzania on management of orphan radioactive sources. The need to develop its own radioactive waste management infrastructure was required due to the fact, that many disused radioactive sources have been found abandoned and needed to be properly disposed of. The paper will also discuss some of these experiences. (authors)

  15. #WomenInSTEM: Using Science & Math to Power the Globe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, Rhonda

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Growing up, Dr. Rhonda Jordan always enjoyed math and science. After completing her master's in electrical engineering at Columbia University she co-founded a startup in Tanzania that provides access to power for residents who are not connected to the electrical grid. This video is part of the Energy Department's #WomenInSTEM video series. At the Energy Department, we're committed to supporting a diverse talent pool of STEM innovators ready to address the challenges and opportunities of our growing clean energy economy.

  16. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  17. #WomenInSTEM: Using Science & Math to Power the Globe

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jordan, Rhonda

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Growing up, Dr. Rhonda Jordan always enjoyed math and science. After completing her master's in electrical engineering at Columbia University she co-founded a startup in Tanzania that provides access to power for residents who are not connected to the electrical grid. This video is part of the Energy Department's #WomenInSTEM video series. At the Energy Department, we're committed to supporting a diverse talent pool of STEM innovators ready to address the challenges and opportunities of our growing clean energy economy.

  18. Effects of prescribed seasonal burning on a Combretum-Commiphora plant community in South Central Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinyamario, Jenesio Ikindu

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) I NRRS Headquarters Kiboko z B eb Nairobi referee N. R. R. S TANZANIA 0 000 K Mombasa 0 oq 2'20'5 NATIONAL RANGE RESEARCH STATION 0 oi oi Z 0 Z D 0 Aug Control Nov Reserve BLOCK I Jan Jul Mar X e 0 0 5 37'50'E Jut... Reserve Jul Msr 0 s o N Jan Cofilrol Reserve Aug Aug Nov Jan Nov Z ei Z c 37 50'E Plot~s 2' 20'S Experimental BLOCK III Mar Control BLOCK II Experimental plots 200 180 160 140 A verage Rainfall ~ tace CZ2 t904-t990 Average...

  19. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  20. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  1. International Student Enrollment Report Report based on Active F-1 & J-1 International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    3 27 Thailand 2 13 Ireland 1 28 Turkey 3 14 Israel 2 29 United Arab Emirates 1 15 Jamaica 1 30 Iraq 2 84 Turkey 23 38 Ireland 1 85 Uganda 2 39 Israel 3 86 Ukraine 5 40 Italy 4 87 United Arab Emirates 1 41 Jamaica 7 88 United Kingdom 10 42 Japan 31 89 Uzbekistan 2 43 Jordan 1 90 Venezuela 5 44

  2. The IMF/World Bank Structural Adjustment Program and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Initiatives Concluding Remarks #12;Background Oil crisis of the 1970's caused deterioration of Third World and the Environment cont'd WWF's landmark research (Ivory Coast, Thailand & Mexico) and publication in 1992 changed Reserve Other Research Sites 21.1 7.97 59.45 3.7 9.7 3.7 27.3 1.7 13,247.13 5,003.94 37,313.92 2

  3. Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    and across countries as to how constrained these emerging economies are by WTO disciplines over their applied import tariff policies. Argentina, India, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand, for example, each have years for which there are major changes... 0 Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks Chad P. Bown The World Bank Meredith A. Crowley University of Cambridge This version: March 2014 Abstract This paper estimates the impact of aggregate...

  4. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  5. Thai group set to invest in Chinese petchem complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A $5-billion refinery and petrochemical complex is planned by Thailand's Charoen Pokphand (Bangkok) at the seaport of Nimpoh, near Shanghai. The company has discussed the project with the central government of China, and state oil and petrochemicals company Sinopec (Beijing) is due to complete a feasibility study within the next two months. Charoen's plastics processing subsidiary, Kuo Shen (Hong Kong), is expected to hold 70% in the venture, Sinopec 20%, and the Chinese government the remaining 10%. Western companies have been invited to participate. Solvay (Brussels), a 49% partner with Charoen Pokphand in the Vinythai polyvinyl chloride (PVC) joint venture at Map Ta Pud, Thailand, has not yet made a commitment. The 5-million m.t./year oil refinery would feed the complex, which will be based on a 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant, downstream aromatics units, and a range of derivatives plants. The complex, which falls outside the many announced for Thailand's current five-year economic plan, is expcted to be implemented in stages. To begin with, a 120,000-m.t./year PVC plant will be built that will be fed on imported vinyl chloride monomer. Charoen is in discussions with process licensers, including Solvay, European Vinyl Corp., BFGoodrich, and Shinetsu. Half the PVC output will be consumed by Kuo Shen in China, where Charoen has several plastics processing units, including one in Shanghai and one in Nimpoh. Meanwhile, Sinopec's Hong Kong subsidiary is seeking partners to invest in joint venture projects in China. Sinopec president Liu Xuemin says the company is willing to cooperate with overseas companies to establish small petrochemical projects. In addition, Sinopec is negotiating with officials of Dayang in Jiangsu province and the special economic zone of Shen Zhen, near Hong Kong, on joint ventures for plastics and food additives.

  6. Efficiency, equity and the environment: Institutional challenges in the restructuring of the electric power industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haeri, M.H.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the electric power industry, fundamental changes are underway in Europe, America, Australia, New Zealand and, more recently, in Asia. Rooted in increased deregulation and competition, these changes are likely to radically alter the structure of the industry. Liberalization of electric power markets in the United Kingdom is, for the most part, complete. The generation market in the United States began opening to competition following the 1987 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). The Energy Policy Act of 1992 set the stage for a much more dramatic change in the industry. The most far-reaching provision of the Act was its electricity title, which opened access to the electric transmission grid. With legal barriers now removed, the traditionally sheltered US electric utility market is becoming increasingly open to entry and competition. A number of important legislative, regulatory and governmental policy initiatives are underway in the Philippines that will have a profound effect on the electric power industry. In Thailand, the National Energy Planning Organization (NEPO) has undertaken a thorough investigation of industry restructuring. This paper summarizes recent international developments in the deregulation and liberalization of electricity markets in the U.K., U.S., Australia, and New Zealand. It focuses on the relevance of these experiences to development underway in the Philippines and Thailand, and presents alternative possible structures likely to emerge in these countries, drawing heavily on the authors' recent experiences in Thailand and the Philippines. The impact of these changes on the business environment for power generation and marketing will be discussed in detail, as will the opportunities these changes create for investment among private power producers.

  7. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuvasanond, Kirati

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    : Function/ Use of vocabulary 118 Appendix B: Students Posttest : Spelling 120 Appendix B2: Students Posttest : Meaning 121 Appendix B3: Students Posttest : : Function/ Use of vocabulary 122 viii Appendix C: Students Vocabulary List 124.... The Expanding Circle e.g. Bhutan (1,1614) Brunet (260) China (1,208,841) Fiji (771) Hong Kong (5,838) Indonesia (194,615) Japan (124,815) Maldives (246) Mayanmar (45,555) Nepal (21,350) Thailand (58,183) South Korea (44,563) The Outer Circle...

  8. Emissions mitigation of blended coals through systems optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Labbe [IOM Invensys Operations Management (United States)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For coal fired power stations, such as those located in the US, that have installed NOx and SOx emissions abatement equipment substantial carbon dioxide reduction could be achieved by shifting from pure PRB coal to blended coals with local bituminous coal. Don Labbe explains how. The article is based on a presentation at Power-Gen Asia 2009, which takes place 7-9 October in Bangkok, Thailand and an ISA POWID 2009 paper (19th Annual Joint ISA POWID/EPRI Controlls and Instrumentation Conference, Chicago, Illinois, May 2009). 4 refs., 3 figs.

  9. Studies on antigen sharing between molluscs and Schistosoma mansoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Bruce Jeffrey

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Caribbean, and those parts of Surinam where S. haematobium has not esta'blished lf (M nest 0 G'1, 1976), S. ~, il | t t lly confined to the Far East, is present in Japan, Taiwan, the Phillipines, the Yangtze basin in China, and. parts of Burma, Thailand... of this type of immunity is apparent. By creating a barrier to continuous reinfection, concomitant immunity is able to prevent overcrowding of the parasite in the host. This form of population control is ultimately of value to the parasite and the host...

  10. Time-dependent performance of soil mix technology stabilised/ solidified contaminated site soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Fei; Wang, Hailing; Al-Tabbaa, Abir

    2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    for Compressive Strength of Molded Soil-Cement Cylinders, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, 2007, D1633 00 (2007), DOI: 10.1520/D1633-00R07. [18] BS EN 12457-2, Characterisation of WasteLeachingCompliance test for leaching... (1996) 107-120. [34] G.P. Gillman, Hydrotalcite: leaching-retarded fertilizers for sandy soils, in: Management of tropical sandy soils for sustainable agriculture, Khon Kaen, Thailand, 2005, pp. 107-111. [35] A. Al-Tabbaa, M. Liska, C. Ouellet...

  11. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  12. NNSA and Defense Nuclear Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate1, IssueThailand | National Nuclear Securityand

  13. Applying environmental externalities to US Clean Coal Technologies for Asia. [Including external environmental costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is well positioned to play an expanding role in meeting the energy technology demands of the Asian Pacific Basin, including Indonesia, Thailand, and the Republic of China (ROC-Taiwan). The US Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program provides a proving ground for innovative coal-related technologies that can be applied domestically and abroad. These innovative US CCTs are expected to satisfy increasingly stringent environmental requirements while substantially improving power generation efficiencies. They should also provide distinct advantages over conventional pulverized coal-fired combustors. Finally, they are expected to be competitive with other energy options currently being considered in the region. This paper presents potential technology scenarios for Indonesia, Thailand, and the ROC-Taiwan and considers an environmental cost-benefit approach employing a newly developed method of applying environmental externalities. Results suggest that the economic benefits from increased emission control can indeed be quantified and used in cost-benefit comparisons, and that US CCTs can be very cost effective in reducing emissions.

  14. International trade and waste and fuel management issue, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Innovative financing and workforce planning, by Donna Jacobs, Entergy Nuclear; Nuclear power - a long-term need, by John C. Devine, Gerald Goldsmith and Michael DeLallo, WorleyParsons; Importance of loan guarantee program, by Donald Hintz; EPC contracts for new plants, by Dave Barry, Shaw Power Group; GNEP and fuel recycling, by Alan Hanson, AREVA NC Inc.; Safe and reliable reactor, by Kiyoshi Yamauchi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.; Safe, small and simple reactors, by Yoshi Sakashita, Toshiba Corporation; Nuclear power in Thailand, by Tatchai Sumitra, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology; and, Nuclear power in Vietnam, by Tran Huu Phat, Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission. The Industry Innovation article this issue is Rectifying axial-offset-anomaly problems, by Don Adams, Tennessee Valley Authority. The Plant Profile article is Star of Stars Excellence, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc.

  15. Markets for rice husk-to-energy systems and equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velupillai, L. [LSU Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Mahin, D.B. [International Energy Projects, Charlotte, NC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A worldwide study of markets for U.S. equipment and systems for the production of energy from rice husks was conducted in 1995-96 by a team based at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Agricultural Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The project was carried out in cooperation with Agrilectric Power Inc. and Riceland Foods, Inc., and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The study included: (a) a global overview of the rice industry, rice husk availability and utilization, and husk-to-energy technologies, and (b) case studies of husk utilization and potential markets for husk-to-energy systems and equipment in five countries - the United States, Italy, China, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. The case studies in Italy, China, and Thailand were based in each case on a field trip to the country by a member of the project team. The study covered the following husk-to-energy technologies: furnace and boiler systems, steam engine systems, steam turbine systems, and gasifier/engine systems.

  16. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  17. Environmental externalities: Applying the concept to Asian coal-based power generation. [Includes external environmental and societal costs and methods of evaluating them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the concept of environmental externality. It discusses various factors -- the atmospheric transformations, relationship of point-source emissions to ambient air quality, dose-response relationships, applicable cause-and-effect principles, and risk and valuation research -- that are considered by a number of state utilities when they apply the environmental externality concept to energy resource planning. It describes a methodology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for general use in resource planning, in combination with traditional methods that consider the cost of electricity production. Finally, it shows how the methodology can be applied in Indonesia, Thailand, and Taiwan to potential coal-fired power plant projects that will make use of clean coal technologies.

  18. Environmental externalities: Applying the concept to Asian coal-based power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the concept of environmental externality. It discusses various factors -- the atmospheric transformations, relationship of point-source emissions to ambient air quality, dose-response relationships, applicable cause-and-effect principles, and risk and valuation research -- that are considered by a number of state utilities when they apply the environmental externality concept to energy resource planning. It describes a methodology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for general use in resource planning, in combination with traditional methods that consider the cost of electricity production. Finally, it shows how the methodology can be applied in Indonesia, Thailand, and Taiwan to potential coal-fired power plant projects that will make use of clean coal technologies.

  19. Final Report. SFAA No. DEFC02-98CH10961. Technical assistance for joint implementation and other supporting mechanisms and measures for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Denise

    2001-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    IIEC, a division of CERF, has developed an extensive base of experience implementing activities that support climate action by developing USIJI projects in transitional countries within Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and southern Africa. IIEC has been able to provide a range of technical and policy assistance to governments and industry in support of sustainable energy use. IIEC continues to work in key countries with local partners to develop and implement energy efficiency policies and standards, develop site-specific projects, and assist governing bodies to establish national priorities and evaluation criteria for approving GHG-mitigation projects. As part of this project, IIEC focused on promoting a series of activities in Thailand and South Africa in order to identify GHG mitigation projects and work within the national approval process of those countries. The sections of this report outline the activities conducted in each country in order to achieve that goal.

  20. International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficiency of electromagnetic induction heating (IH) rice cook

  1. Oil and gas developments in the Far East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courteney, S.; Soeparjadi, R.A.; Ahmad, S.M.S.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the stabilization of oil prices in 1987 following their collapse in 1986, the rate of slowdown in Far East exploration activities began to ease. Seismic acquisition increased slightly, and the fall in exploratory drilling was less dramatic in 1987 than in 1986. No major discoveries were reported during 1987, although small-to-medium-size oil and gas discoveries added to the potential reserves of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, People's Republic of China, Pakistan, Republic of China, and Thailand. Development drilling continued to rise by a modest amount. Far East oil and condensate production decreased in 1987 by just over 1% to 5.37 million b/d, whereas gas output rose to 11.7 bcf/day. New acreage awards were significantly higher in 1987 than in 1986, particularly in some of the region's key producing countries. 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  2. Research on farmers' objectives for tree breeding. Report of a workshop following a regional study in Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raintree, J.B.; Taylor, D.A.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1989, a study of farmers' tree breeding objectives was carried out in 31 villages in 7 countries of Asia. These conference proceedings contain discussion of the study's findings and its methodology and recommendations for follow-up activities. The primary aim of the study was to describe 'ideotypes' (plant models designed to yield products of greater quality and quantity than a conventional cultivar or wild plant) of multipurpose trees desired by farmer respondents. The study's main conclusion is that farmers' tree-breeding objectives can be elicited by the methodology used, and factors related to local situations. Recommended follow-up activities include: (1) consultation which extends beyond farmers to include other interest groups within the community; and (2) a small-scale study of processes by which farmers improve trees, with consideration of a larger scale study if warranted. Individual reports discuss tree breeding in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Nepal.

  3. Modeling and comparative assessment of municipal solid waste gasification for energy production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arafat, Hassan A., E-mail: harafat@masdar.ac.ae; Jijakli, Kenan

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Study developed a methodology for the evaluation of gasification for MSW treatment. Study was conducted comparatively for USA, UAE, and Thailand. Study applies a thermodynamic model (Gibbs free energy minimization) using the Gasify software. The energy efficiency of the process and the compatibility with different waste streams was studied. - Abstract: Gasification is the thermochemical conversion of organic feedstocks mainly into combustible syngas (CO and H{sub 2}) along with other constituents. It has been widely used to convert coal into gaseous energy carriers but only has been recently looked at as a process for producing energy from biomass. This study explores the potential of gasification for energy production and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). It relies on adapting the theory governing the chemistry and kinetics of the gasification process to the use of MSW as a feedstock to the process. It also relies on an equilibrium kinetics and thermodynamics solver tool (Gasify) in the process of modeling gasification of MSW. The effect of process temperature variation on gasifying MSW was explored and the results were compared to incineration as an alternative to gasification of MSW. Also, the assessment was performed comparatively for gasification of MSW in the United Arab Emirates, USA, and Thailand, presenting a spectrum of socioeconomic settings with varying MSW compositions in order to explore the effect of MSW composition variance on the products of gasification. All in all, this study provides an insight into the potential of gasification for the treatment of MSW and as a waste to energy alternative to incineration.

  4. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  5. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  6. Structure of continental rifts: Role of older features and magmatism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, G.R. (Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent geological and geophysical studies in several continental rifts have begun to shed light on the details of the processes which govern the structural evolution of these important exploration targets. In Kenya and Tanzania, the classic East African rift has been the object of several investigations which reveal that its location follows the boundary (suture ) between the Tanzanian craton (Archean) and Mozambiquan belt (Proterozoic), The Baikal rift also follows a similar boundary, and the Mid-continent rift of North America appears to do the same. Rifts themselves often act as zones of weakness which are reactivated by younger tectonic regimes. The classic North American example of this effect is the Eocambrian Southern Oklahoma aulacogen which was deformed to create the Anadarko basin and Wichita uplift in the late Paleozoic. The Central basin platform has a similar history although the original rift formed at [approximately]1,100Ma. Integration of geophysical data with petrologic and geochemical data from several rift zones has also provided a new picture of the nature and extent of magmatic modification of the crust. An interesting contradiction is that Phanerozoic rifts, except the Afar region, show little evidence for major magmatic modification of the crust whereas, at least in North America, many Precambrian rifts are associated with very large mafic bodies in the crust. The Kenya rift displays evidence for modification of the lower crust in a two-phase magmatic history, but upper crustal magmatic features are limited to local intrusions associated with volcanoes. In this rift, complex basement structure plays a much more important role than previously realized, and the geophysical signatures of basement structure and magmatism are easy to confuse. If this is also the case in other rifts, additional rift basins remain to be discovered.

  7. Structure of continental rifts: Role of older features and magmatism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, G.R. [Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent geological and geophysical studies in several continental rifts have begun to shed light on the details of the processes which govern the structural evolution of these important exploration targets. In Kenya and Tanzania, the classic East African rift has been the object of several investigations which reveal that its location follows the boundary (suture ?) between the Tanzanian craton (Archean) and Mozambiquan belt (Proterozoic), The Baikal rift also follows a similar boundary, and the Mid-continent rift of North America appears to do the same. Rifts themselves often act as zones of weakness which are reactivated by younger tectonic regimes. The classic North American example of this effect is the Eocambrian Southern Oklahoma aulacogen which was deformed to create the Anadarko basin and Wichita uplift in the late Paleozoic. The Central basin platform has a similar history although the original rift formed at {approximately}1,100Ma. Integration of geophysical data with petrologic and geochemical data from several rift zones has also provided a new picture of the nature and extent of magmatic modification of the crust. An interesting contradiction is that Phanerozoic rifts, except the Afar region, show little evidence for major magmatic modification of the crust whereas, at least in North America, many Precambrian rifts are associated with very large mafic bodies in the crust. The Kenya rift displays evidence for modification of the lower crust in a two-phase magmatic history, but upper crustal magmatic features are limited to local intrusions associated with volcanoes. In this rift, complex basement structure plays a much more important role than previously realized, and the geophysical signatures of basement structure and magmatism are easy to confuse. If this is also the case in other rifts, additional rift basins remain to be discovered.

  8. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  9. Microwave remote plasma enhanced-atomic layer deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dechana, A. [Program of Physics and General Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Songkhla Rajabhat University, Songkhla 90000 (Thailand); Thamboon, P. [Science and Technology Research Institute, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Boonyawan, D., E-mail: dheerawan.b@cmu.ac.th [Plasma and Beam Physics Research Facility, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A microwave remote Plasma Enhanced-Atomic Layer Deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber is established at the Plasma and Beam Physics research facilities, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The system produces highly-reactive plasma species in order to enhance the deposition process of thin films. The addition of the multicusp magnetic fields further improves the plasma density and uniformity in the reaction chamber. Thus, the system is more favorable to temperature-sensitive substrates when heating becomes unwanted. Furthermore, the remote-plasma feature, which is generated via microwave power source, offers tunability of the plasma properties separately from the process. As a result, the system provides high flexibility in choice of materials and design experiments, particularly for low-temperature applications. Performance evaluations of the system were carried on coating experiments of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers onto a silicon wafer. The plasma characteristics in the chamber will be described. The resulted Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} filmsanalyzed by Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry in channeling mode and by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy techniqueswill be discussed.

  10. Qatargas exporting LNG from Qatar`s new Ras Laffan Port

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    When the 135,000 cu m LNG carrier Al Zubarah departed Ras Laffan Port in December, Qatar entered a new era of commerce that will both boost the emirate`s economic development and influence energy trade around the world. The event capped more than a decade of planning, design, and construction of Ras Laffan Port--the world`s newest and largest LNG exporting facility. During the 1980s, the focus in Qatar was on exploration and development of North field, which holds the world`s largest reserves of nonassociated natural gas. In the 1990s, efforts concentrated on establishing a direct production and export link between North field, the new multi-billion-dollar Qatar Liquefied Gas Co. (Qatargas) gas liquefaction plant at Ras Laffan, and LNG export facilities at the 8.5 sq km Ras Laffan Port. Markets of the Far East will be first to be served by LNG from Ras Laffan Port. Two 25-year LNG supply contracts have been signed with buyers in Japan and South Korea, and negotiations are under way with potential customers from China, Taiwan, and Thailand. The paper describes the port, its operations, and export projects.

  11. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit, E-mail: pramachandran@adb.org [Environment Specialist (Regional Cooperation), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila (Philippines); Linde, Lothar, E-mail: lothar.linde@yahoo.de [Asian Development Bank Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center (RETA 6289), The Offices at Central World 23F, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  12. The institutional needs of joint implementation projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watt, E.; Sathaye, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Buen, O. de; Masera, O. [National Univ. of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico); Gelil, I.A. [Organization of Energy Conservation and Planning, Cairo (Egypt); Ravindranath, N.H. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India); Zhou, D.; Li, J. [Energy Research Inst., Beijing (China); Intarapravich, D. [Thailand Environmental Inst., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1995-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the authors discuss options for developing institutions for joint implementation (JI) projects. They focus on the tasks which are unique to JI projects or require additional institutional needs--accepting the project by the host and investor countries and assessing the project`s greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction or sequestration--and they suggest the types of institutions that would enhance their performance. The evaluation is based on four sets of governmental and international criteria for JI projects, the experiences of ten pilot JI projects, and the perspectives of seven collaborating authors from China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Thailand, who interviewed relevant government and non-government staff involved in JI issue assessment in their countries. After examining the roles for potential JI institutions, they present early findings arguing for a decentralized national JI structure, which includes: (1) national governmental panels providing host country acceptance of proposed JI projects; (2) project parties providing the assessment data on the GHG reduction or sequestration for the projects; (3) technical experts calculating these GHG flows; (4) certified verification teams checking the GHG calculations; and (5) members of an international JI Secretariat training and certifying the assessors, as well as resolving challenges to the verifications. 86 refs.

  13. Benchmarks for industrial energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amarnath, K.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Kumana, J.D. [Linnhoff March, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shah, J.V. [Electric Power Research Inst., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Chemicals and Petroleum Center

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the standards for improving energy efficiency for industries such as petroleum refining, chemicals, and glass manufacture? How can different industries in emerging markets and developing accelerate the pace of improvements? This paper discusses several case studies and experiences relating to this subject emphasizing the use of energy efficiency benchmarks. Two important benchmarks are discussed. The first is based on a track record of outstanding performers in the related industry segment; the second benchmark is based on site specific factors. Using energy use reduction targets or benchmarks, projects have been implemented in Mexico, Poland, India, Venezuela, Brazil, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Republic of South Africa and Russia. Improvements identified through these projects include a variety of recommendations. The use of oxy-fuel and electric furnaces in the glass industry in Poland; reconfiguration of process heat recovery systems for refineries in China, Malaysia, and Russia; recycling and reuse of process wastewater in Republic of South Africa; cogeneration plant in Venezuela. The paper will discuss three case studies of efforts undertaken in emerging market countries to improve energy efficiency.

  14. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  15. Participatory health impact assessment for the development of local government regulation on hazard control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inmuong, Uraiwan, E-mail: uraiwan@kku.ac.t [Department of Environmental Health Science, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University (Thailand); Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Thailand 123 Mittrapharb Road, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand); Rithmak, Panee, E-mail: panrit@kku.ac.t [Department of Environmental Health Science, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University (Thailand); Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Thailand 123 Mittrapharb Road, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand); Srisookwatana, Soomol, E-mail: soomol.s@anamai.mail.go.t [Public Health Law Administration Center, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health (Thailand); Traithin, Nathathai, E-mail: nathathai.t@anamai.mail.go.t [Public Health Law Administration Center, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health (Thailand); Maisuporn, Pornpun, E-mail: pornpun.m@anamai.mail.go.t [Public Health Law Administration Center, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health (Thailand)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thai Public Health Act 1992 required the Thai local governments to issue respective regulations to take control of any possible health-hazard related activities, both from commercial and noncommercial sources. Since 1999, there has been centrally decentralized of power to a new form of local government establishment, namely Sub-district Administrative Organization (SAO). The SAO is asmall-scale local governing structure while its legitimate function is for community services, including control of health impact related activities. Most elected SAO administrators and officers are new and less experience with any of public health code of practice, particularly on health-hazard control. This action research attempted to introduce and apply a participatory health impact assessment (HIA) tool for the development of SAO health-hazard control regulation. The study sites were at Ban Meang and Kok See SAOs, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, while all intervention activities conducted during May 2005-April 2006. A set of cooperative activities between researchers and community representatives were planned and organized by; surveying and identifying place and service base locally causing local environmental health problems, organizing community participatory workshops for drafting and proposing the health-hazard control regulation, and appropriate practices for health-hazard controlling measures. This action research eventually could successfully enable the SAO administrators and officers understanding of local environmental-related health problem, as well as development of imposed health-hazard control regulation for local community.

  16. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  17. Forestry management for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Silva, E.; Appanah, S.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forests in the developing world are in crisis. Nowhere is this more acute than in Asia: though one-third of the land mass is covered with forests, this ratio is shrinking rapidly at the rate of 2 million hectares per year. By current trends, half of the original 725 million hectares will disappear by the year 2000. The dramatic declines will occur in India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Some of the economic costs of deforestation are obvious. Timber export has long been an important income earner (eg, it is a second major export after oil earning $4.2 billion in 1991 for Indonesia and $3.8 billion in 1992 for Malaysia). Some of the losses from deforestation are of concern to the world community. China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia are among the 12 'mega-diversity' countries in which half of the earth's plant and animal species are to be found. (Copyright (c) 1993 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

  18. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  19. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agencys Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOEs International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a countrys end-state that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOEs AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  20. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  1. Environmental externalities: An ASEAN application to coal-based power generation. Extract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant benefits to human health that result from emissions control programs may justify the costs of pollution control policies. Many scientists, economists, risk analysts, and policymakers believe that comparisons of the benefits with the costs of pollution control demonstrate that the US stationary source, air emissions control program is justified. This justification is based upon pronounced benefits to human health, especially from controlling suspended particulates and sulfur compounds. Market decisions are usually made on the basis of a consideration of traditional costs such as capital, operating and maintenance, fuel costs, and fixed charges. Social costs, which could be significant, are not incorporated explicitly into such decisions. These social costs could result in a net reduction in the welfare of individuals, and of society as a whole. Because these social costs and their effects are not represented in the price of energy, individual have no way to explicitly value them; hence, they remain unaccounted for in market decisions. By accounting for external costs, the selection of energy sources and production of energy products can lead to and equilibrium, where the total cost of energy and energy products, together with resulting social costs, can be brought to an economic minimum. The concept of an air emissions control program is of interest to the ASEAN countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) and their governments, especially if such a program could be justified in cost-benefit terms and shown to be directly applicable to ASEAN conditions. It is the intent of the effort described herein to demonstrate that technical options are available to control emissions from coal-based, electric power plants and that that costs of these options may be justified in cost-benefit terms.

  2. Environmental externalities: An ASEAN application to coal-based power generation. [Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant benefits to human health that result from emissions control programs may justify the costs of pollution control policies. Many scientists, economists, risk analysts, and policymakers believe that comparisons of the benefits with the costs of pollution control demonstrate that the US stationary source, air emissions control program is justified. This justification is based upon pronounced benefits to human health, especially from controlling suspended particulates and sulfur compounds. Market decisions are usually made on the basis of a consideration of traditional costs such as capital, operating and maintenance, fuel costs, and fixed charges. Social costs, which could be significant, are not incorporated explicitly into such decisions. These social costs could result in a net reduction in the welfare of individuals, and of society as a whole. Because these social costs and their effects are not represented in the price of energy, individual have no way to explicitly value them; hence, they remain unaccounted for in market decisions. By accounting for external costs, the selection of energy sources and production of energy products can lead to and equilibrium, where the total cost of energy and energy products, together with resulting social costs, can be brought to an economic minimum. The concept of an air emissions control program is of interest to the ASEAN countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) and their governments, especially if such a program could be justified in cost-benefit terms and shown to be directly applicable to ASEAN conditions. It is the intent of the effort described herein to demonstrate that technical options are available to control emissions from coal-based, electric power plants and that that costs of these options may be justified in cost-benefit terms.

  3. Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

  4. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  5. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  6. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.][Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Deringer, J.J. [Deringer Group, Riva, MD (United States)

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  7. Using social network and stakeholder analysis to help evaluate infectious waste management: A step towards a holistic assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caniato, Marco, E-mail: marcocaniato@gmail.com [University of Brescia, Research Centre on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in Developing Countries (CeTAmb), Via Branze, 43, 25123 Brescia (Italy); Vaccari, Mentore, E-mail: mentore.vaccari@unibs.it [University of Brescia, Research Centre on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in Developing Countries (CeTAmb), Via Branze, 43, 25123 Brescia (Italy); Visvanathan, Chettiyappan, E-mail: visu@ait.ac.th [Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), School of Environment, Resources and Development (SERD), P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand); Zurbrgg, Christian, E-mail: zurbrugg@eawag.ch [University of Brescia, Research Centre on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in Developing Countries (CeTAmb), Via Branze, 43, 25123 Brescia (Italy); Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (Sandec), Ueberlandstrasse 133, 8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland)

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Assessment of infectious waste management in Bangkok, in particular incineration. Integration of social network and stakeholder analysis assessment methods. Assessment of stakeholder characteristics, role, interaction and communication. Interviewees self-evaluate their own characteristics and the system. Non-technical aspects are important for system acceptability, and sustainability. - Abstract: Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a solid waste management scheme requires an accurate analysis and integration of several determining features. In addition to the technical aspects, any such system shows a complex interaction of actors with varying stakes, decision-making power and influence, as well as a favourable or disabling environment. When capitalizing on the knowledge and experience from a specific case, it is also crucial that experts do not forget or underestimate the importance of such social determinants and that they are familiar with the methods and tools to assess them. Social network analysis (SNA) and stakeholder analysis (SA) methods can be successfully applied to better understand actors role and actions, analyse driving forces and existing coordination among stakeholders, as well as identify bottlenecks in communication which affect daily operations or strategic planning for the future way forward. SNA and SA, appropriately adjusted for a certain system, can provide a useful integration to methods by assessing other aspects to ensure a comprehensive picture of the situation. This paper describes how to integrate SNA and SA in order to survey a solid waste management system. This paper presents the results of an analysis of On-Nuch infectious waste incinerator in Bangkok, Thailand. Stakeholders were interviewed and asked to prioritize characteristics and relationships which they consider particularly important for system development and success of the scheme. In such a way, a large quantity of information about organization, communication between stakeholders and their perception about operation, environmental and health impact, and potential alternatives for the system was collected in a systematic way. The survey results suggest that stakeholders are generally satisfied with the system operation, though communication should be improved. Moreover, stakeholders should be strategically more involved in system development planning, according to their characteristics, to prevent negative reactions.

  8. QER- Comment of Brian West

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hello, Thanks for the invitation to the QER workshop. Here are a couple of comments that I was probably unable to fully articulate in the main session, although I did try to make some of these points in the breakout session: When considering alternatives and policy that drives alternative fuel use, it is important to learn from Policy successes and failures. Policy drivers put in place in Thailand, Brazil, and Sweden have been successful in transitions to greater alternative fuel use. US policy for Flex Fuel Vehicles has been largely unsuccessful at encouraging alternative fuel use. The fuel economy credit for the OEMs to build FFVs was generous but encouraged only modest production; nonetheless there are over 15M FFVs on the road. However, they use very little ethanol fuel due to cost ($/mile), range, etc. Natural Gas has a very real value proposition (lower $/gge) so fleet owners have good financial incentive to make the switch, even if investments are required. One participant commented that infrastructure costs are small compared to costs of imported oil. I agree with this statement. One presenter mentioned (a city?) with a law that requires infrastructure to support future EV charging be installed in any new parking garage. Great idea. (Better to have and not need than need and not have, especially when cost differential is small on the front end and very large on the back end). In the US we install about 20,000-40,000 new fuel dispensers per year (according to Gilbarco/Wayne). It would be a horrible missed opportunity to not put policy in place that encourages/requires E25 or E85-compatible dispensers. With a successful policy driver, in the next five years the nation could have over 100,000 ethanol-compatible dispensers in place, ready for a new High Octane Fuel (that could very likely contain more than 10 or 15% ethanol). Thanks Brian H. West Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory http://www.ornl.gov/ http://feerc.ornl.gov/ http://www.fueleconomy.gov/ From: Tillemann, Levi Sent: Thursday, July 03, 2014 3:52 PM To: West, Brian H. Subject: AMR/QER Technical Workshop Dear Brian: On behalf of the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis (EPSA) I want to thank you for your participation at the June 20th AMR/QER Alternative Transportation Refueling Infrastructure technical workshop. Your contribution in the breakout sessions and general discussion sessions provided valuable insight that will help inform EPSA during the QER process going forward. During the course of the workshop, detailed notes were taken. These have been anonymized and will be made publically available to you and the general public in the coming weeks. Once they are posted, we will provide you with a link for accessing them online. We encourage you to submit additional comments regarding infrastructure for transmission, storage or distribution of alternative transportation fuels to qercomments@hq.doe.gov. For more information about the QER's stakeholder meeting locations, areas of analysis and public comments you can visit the QER website at: http://energy.gov/epsa/initiatives/quadrennial-energy-review-qer. Please feel free to contact me or Sallie Gilbert (sallie.gilbert@hq.doe.gov) if you have additional questions. I will be leaving the DOE August 1, thereafter you may contact Renee Picket (adonica.pickett@hq.doe.gov) or Carla Frisch (carla.frisch@hq.doe.gov) with questions or comments. Thank you again for making the workshop a great success. I look forward to working together with all of you on these issues in the future. Best regards, Levi Tillemann, Ph.D. Special Advisor, EPSA US Department of Energy

  9. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  10. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).