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1

Current results of the tandem mirror experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic operating characteristics of the Tandem Mirror Experiment, (TMX) at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in the USA have been established. Tandem-mirror plasmas have been produced using neutral-beam-fueled end plugs and a gas-fueled center cell. An axial potential well between the end plugs has been measured. There is direct evidence that this potential well enhances the axial confinement of the center-cell ions. The observed densities and loss currents are consistent with preliminary studies of the particle sources and losses near the magnetic axis. The observed confinement is consistent with theory when plasma fluctuations are low. When the requirement of drift-cyclotron loss-cone mode stability is violated, the plasma fluctuations degrade the center-cell confinement.

Drake, R.P.

1980-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

2

Technology for large tandem mirror experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of a large tandem mirror (MFTF-B) will soon begin at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Designed to reach break-even plasma conditions, the facility will significantly advance the physics and technology of magnetic-mirror-based fusion reactors. This paper describes the objectives and the design of the facility.

Thomassen, K.I.

1980-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

3

TMX-U (Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade) tandem-mirror thermal-barrier experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal-barrier experiments have been carried out in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). Measurements of nonambipolar and ambipolar radial transport show that these transport processes, as well as end losses, can be controlled at modest densities and durations. Central-cell heating methods using ion-cyclotron heating (ICH) and neutral-beam injection have been demonstrated. Potential mesurements with recently developed methods indicate that deep thermal barriers can be established.

Simonen, T.C.; Allen, S.L.; Baldwin, D.E.; Barter, J.D.; Berzins, L.V.; Carter, M.R.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Coensgen, F.H.; Correll, D.L.

1986-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

4

Electrostatic plasma-confinement experiments in a tandem mirror system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from the tandem mirror experiment are described. The configuration of axial density and potential profiles are created and sustained by neutral-beam injection and gas fueling. Plasma confinement in the center cell is shown to be improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. The electron temperature is higher than that achieved in our earlier 2XIIB single-cell mirror experiment.

Coensgen, F.H.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Condit, W.C.; Correll, D.L.; Cummins, W.F.; Davis, J.C.; Drake, R.P.; Foote, J.H.; Futch, A.H.; Goodman, R.K.; Grubb, D.P.; Hallock, G.A.; Hornady, R.S.; Hunt, A.L.; Logan, B.G.; Munger, R.H.; Nexsen, W.E.; Simonen, T.C.; Slaughter, D.R.; Stallard, B.W.; Strand, O.T.

1980-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

5

Electrostatic Plasma-Confinement Experiments in a Tandem Mirror System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from the tandem mirror experiment are described. The configuration of axial density and potential profiles are created and sustained by neutral-beam injection and gas fueling. Plasma confinement in the center cell is shown to be improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. The electron temperature is higher than that achieved in our earlier 2XIIB single-cell mirror experiment.

F. H. Coensgen, C. A. Anderson, T. A. Casper, J. F. Clauser, W. C. Condit, D. L. Correll, W. F. Cummins, J. C. Davis, R. P. Drake, J. H. Foote, A. H. Futch, R. K. Goodman, D. P. Grubb, G. A. Hallock, R. S. Hornady, A. L. Hunt, B. G. Logan, R. H. Munger, W. E. Nexsen, T. C. Simonen, D. R. Slaughter, B. W. Stallard, and O. T. Strand

1980-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

Summary of results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes results from the successful experimental operation of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) over the period October 1978 through September 1980. The experimental program, summarized by the DOE milestones given in Table 1-1, had three basic phases: (1) an 8-month checkout period, October 1978 through May 1979; (2) a 6-month initial period of operation, June through November 1979, during which the basic principles of the tandem configuration were demonstrated (i.e., plasma confinement was improved over that of a single-cell mirror); and (3) a 10-month period, December 1979 through September 1980, during which the initial TMX results were corroborated by additional diagnostic measurements and many detailed physics investigations were carried out. This report summarizes the early results, presents results of recent data analysis, and outlines areas of ongoing research and data analysis which will be reported in future journal publications.

Simonen, T.C. (ed.)

1981-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

7

Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment Photo of the Week: Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment December 28, 2012 - 2:22pm Addthis This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at both ends of a central magnetic tube. Very hot and dense plasmas inside each mirror enhanced the confinement of another plasma inside the central tube, where the bulk of the fusion would occur. | Photo courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at

8

Construction and operational experience of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) incorporates two new features at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) tandem mirror program, thermal barriers in the end plugs and injection of the neutral beams at several oblique angles. The thermal barriers isolate the electrons in the end plugs from those in the central cell, making it possible to heat them independently with microwaves. In addition, this innovation produces a large potential gradient in the end plugs with lower magnetic fields and lower neutral-beam energies than would be possible in a conventional tandem mirror device. The TMX-U is also designed to test neutral-beam-injection angles as an experimental parameter. We use angles other than 90/sup 0/ to produce a plasma with improved microstability.

Chargin, A.K.; Calderon, M.O.; Moore, T.L.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Plasma confinement experiments in the TMX tandem mirror. Paper IAEA-CN-38/F-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from the new Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) are described. Tandem-mirror density and potential profiles are produced using end-plug neutral-beam injection and central-cell gas-fueling. TMX parameters are near those predicted theoretically. The end-plug electron temperature is higher than in the comparably sized single-mirror 2XIIB. Axial confinement of the finite-beta central-cell plasma is improved by the end plugs by as much as a factor of 9. In TMX, end-plug microinstability limits central-cell confinement in agreement with theory.

Simonen, T.C.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

10

Status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the current status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostics system. For the initial instruments active on TMX-U, the expansions or upgrades that have been implemented are outlined. For the newly added systems, more implementation details are presented.

Coutts, G.W.; Coffield, F.E.; Hornady, R.S.

1983-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

11

TMX tandem-mirror experiments and thermal-barrier theoretical studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes recent analysis of energy confinement in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX). TMX data also indicates that warm plasma limits the amplitude of the anisotropy driven Alfven ion cyclotron (AIC) mode. Theoretical calculations show strong AIC stabilization with off-normal beam injection as planned in TMX-U and MFTF-B. This paper reports results of theoretical analysis of hot electrons in thermal barriers including electron heating calculations by Monte Carlo and Fokker-Planck codes and analysis of hot electron MHD and microinstability. Initial results from the TMX-U experiment are presented which show the presence of sloshing ions.

Simonen, T.C.; Baldwin, D.E.; Allen, S.L.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

12

Energy confinement studies in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX): Power balance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The power balance in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) is studied for several days of operation. Between them these days typified the operating range of TMX. Examining the power balance on axis it is found that 60% to 100% of the power is carried to the end walls by escaping central?cell ions. Globally these calculations account for 70% to 100% of the input power on each of the days studied. Based upon the power balance the energy confinement times of the particle species are calculated. The end?cell ion energy confinement time is similar to that achieved in the 2XIIB single?cell magnetic mirror experiment whereas the electron energy confinement in TMX was 10 to 100 times better. The central?cell ion energy confinement in the central flux tube was determined by axial particle loss. At the central?cell plasma?edge radial particle transport and charge exchange with the fueling gas are important processes.

D. P. Grubb; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; D. L. Correll; W. C. Cummins; J. C. Davis; D. Dietrich; R. P. Drake; J. H. Foote; R. J. Fortner; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; G. E. Gryczkowski; E. B. Hooper Jr.; R. S. Hornady; A. L. Hunt; C. V. Karmendy; T. Nash; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; G. D. Porter; P. Poulsen; T. C. Simonen; D. R. Slaughter; G. A. Hallock; O. T. Strand

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Initial results of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Initial experimental results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) are presented. Axial profiles of the plasma density and potential necessary for electrostatically enhanced confinement of the central-cell ions have been generated and sustained for the duration of neutral-beam injection. The resulting central-cell ion confinement against axial loss is improved by a factor as large as 9 above that given by magnetic confinement alone. The plasma exhibits gross magnetohydrodynamic stability and microstability. Under some conditions, a residual level of ion cyclotron fluctuations in the end cells heats the central-cell ions and degrades their confinement.

Grubb, D.P.; Anderson, C.A.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.; Coensgen, F.H.; Correll, D.L.; Cummins, W.F.; Davis, J.C.; Drake, R.P.; Foote, J.H.

1980-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

Radial transport in the central cell of the tandem mirror experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study of radial transport in the Tandem Mirror Experiment is reported here. Plasma parameters were measured in a series of well?diagnosed plasma discharges. A negative electric current (80±40 A within a 30?cm radius) flowed to the end wall implying an equal radial loss of plasma ions. The axial losses of plasma ions were 100 A from the same volume. The nonambipolar radial ion flux was of the same order as the flux resulting from resonant?neoclassical and ion?neutral transport but the uncertainties are large. The ambipolar radial transport (of both ions and electrons) was investigated by comparing the observed end losses with calculations of the plasma fueling by gas penetration and neutral beams. The ambipolar radial losses are probably smaller than the loses through other processes and may be as small as the classical losses resulting from Coulomb collisions.

R. P. Drake; E. B. Hooper Jr.; C. V. Karmendy; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; R. H. Cohen; D. L. Correll; J. C. Davis; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; D. P. Grubb; G. E. Gryczkowski; G. A. Hallock; A. L. Hunt; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; A. E. Pontau; P. Poulsen; T. C. Simonen; O. T. Strand; W. R. Wampler

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Energy confinement studies in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX): Power flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the measured plasma densities and energies the flow of power between the different particle species and regions of the tandem mirror experiment (TMX) is analyzed. The power flow is described by a simple classical model modified to include: (1) a halo of cool plasma that reduces end?cell ion losses due to charge exchange on background gas (2) instability heating of the central?cell ions both in the central cell and as they escape through the plugs (3) electron energy transport along the field lines which is less than predicted and (4) radial transport of the central?cell ions. Our global power balance including all particles and regions accounts for 87±27% of the trapped neutral?beam power.

D. P. Grubb; S. L. Allen; T. A. Casper; J. F. Clauser; F. H. Coensgen; R. H. Cohen; D. L. Correll; W. C. Cummins; J. C. Davis; R. P. Drake; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch; R. K. Goodman; G. E. Gryczkowski; E. B. Hooper Jr.; R. S. Hornady; A. L. Hunt; C. V. Karmendy; W. E. Nexsen; W. L. Pickles; G. D. Porter; P. Poulsen; T. D. Rognlien; T. C. Simonen; D. R. Slaughter; P. Coakley; G. A. Hallock; O. T. Strand

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Summary of Thomson-scattering data from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide a synthesis of our Thomson-scattering measurements of electron temperature (T/sub e/) and density (n/sub e/) for the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX). TMX operated in two modes - high and low T/sub e/. When performing in the high T/sub e/ mode (in general > 100 eV), heating the central-cell ions with neutral beams raised T/sub e/ in the end plug. We achieved a maximum T/sub e/ of 260 eV in the east end plug. Specifically, our experiments demonstrated that in the end plug, the radial T/sub e/ profiles were flat to r = 5 cm; the ratio of potential (phi/sub p/) to T/sub e/ ranged between four and six. In addition, we found that although T/sub e/ in the central cell was generally comparable to that in the plug, it was often not constant along a magnetic field line. Under some conditions a non-Maxwellian electron distribution may have been present.

Goodman, R.K.

1982-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

17

Study of impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment using extreme-ultraviolet spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Impurities in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) have been studied using extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy. Three time-resolving absolutely-calibrated normal-incidence monochromators, one on each section of TMX, were used to study the impurity emissions in the wavelength range of 300 A to 1600 A. The instruments on the east end cell and central cell were each capable of obtaining spatially-resolved profiles from 22 chords of the plasma simultaneously while the instrument on the west end cell monitored the central chord. The impurities identified in TMX were carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and titanium. Emphasis was placed upon determining the impurity densities and radiated power losses of the central cell; results indicate that the impurity concentrations were low - less than 0.4% for each species - and that less than 10% of the total net trapped neutral beam power was lost to radiation. The use of titanium gettering on the central cell walls was observed to decrease the brightnesses of singly- and doubly-ionized carbon and oxygen in the central cell plasma. In the end cells, oxygen was the main impurity with a concentration of about 1.5% and was injected by the neutral beams; the other impurities had concentrations of about 0.5%. Radiation losses from the end cells were negligible.

Strand, O.T.

1982-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

Measurements of radial profiles of ion cyclotron resonance heating on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A small Radial Energy Analyzer (REA) was used on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U), at Lawerence Livermore National Laboratory, to investigate the radial profiles of ion temperature, density, and plasma potential during Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH). The probe has been inserted into the central-cell plasma at temperatures of 200 eV and densities of 3 x 10/sup 12/cm/sup /minus 3// without damage to the probe, or major degradation of the plasma. This analyzer has indicated an increase in ion temperature from near 20 eV before ICRH to near 150 eV during ICRH, with about 60 kW of broadcast power. The REA measurements were cross-checked against other diagnostics on TMX-U and found to be consistent. The ion density measurement was compared to the line-density measured by microwave interferometry and found to agree within 10 to 20%. A radial intergral of n/sub i/T/sub i/ as measured by the REA shows good agreement with the diamagnetic loop measurement of plasma energy. The radial density profile is observed to broaden during the RF heating pulses, without inducing additional radial losses in the core plasma. The radial profile of plasma is seen to vary from axially peaked, to nearly flat as the plasma conditions carried over the series of experiments. To relate the increase in ion temperature to power absorbed by the plasma, a power balance as a function of radius was performed. The RF power absorbed is set equal to the sum of the losses during ICRH, minus those without ICRH. This method accounts for more than 70% of the broadcast power using a simple power balance model. The measured radial profile of the RF heating was compared to the calculations of two codes, ANTENA and GARFIELD, to test their effectiveness as predictors of power absorption profiles for TMX-U. 62 refs., 63 figs., 7 tabs.

Falabella, S.

1988-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

19

Tandem-mirror program: status and projection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of MFTF-B is scheduled for completion in 1985. Results of experiments in TMX-U and MFTF-B will permit the design of the D-T burning tandem-mirror next-step facility (TMNS) in which physics issues will not be at issue. TMNS will be a facility for engineering research and development. The end cells of TMNS are expected to be appropriate for a tandem-mirror demonstration fusion reactor (TMR), construction of which should begin about 1986 for operation in the 1990's.

Van Atta, C.M.

1981-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

20

Experimental results from TMX-U. [Tandem Mirror Experiment-Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the recent results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Update(TMX-U). Many of these results can be divided into two major areas: (1) axial confinement and plasma potential, and (2) radial transport and total confinement (i.e., particle balance). Among the key observations to be discussed are the following: When the ion-confining potential theta/sub ic/ is small, theta/sub ic//T/sub i/ approx. 1 to 2, the axial confinement time scales as the theoretical Pastukhov time. Deep thermal barriers (theta/sub b/ approx. 0.7 kV, theta/sub b//T/sub e/ approx. 6 to 7) have been measured, but there is no strong correlation between ion-confining potential and the thermal-barrier depth. By installing a calibrated H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission diagnostic to measure the ionization current, we have quantified particle balance between the ionization source current and the four plasma current channels: (1) axial losses, (2) nonambipolar radial losses, (3) ambipolar radial losses, and (4) density changes. All current channels are directly measured except for the ambipolar current, which is inferred from the particle balance equation. TMX-U operation above 1 to 3 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ is dominated by current channel (1) and below 1 x 10/sup 12/ cm/sup -3/ by one or more of the remaining three channels. Central-cell particle buildup has been observed for one or two e-foldings and, within the radial core, found consistent with particle balance.

Correll, D.L.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Plasma confinement in the TMX tandem mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma confinement in the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) is described. Axially confining potentials are shown to exist throughout the central 20-cm core of TMX. Axial electron-confinement time is up to 100 times that of single-cell mirror machines. Radial transport of ions is smaller than axial transport near the axis. It has two parts at large radii: nonambipolar, in rough agreement with predictions from resonant-neoclassical transport theory, and ambipolar, observed near the plasma edge under certain conditions, accompanied by a low-frequency, m = 1 instability or strong turbulence.

Hooper, E.B. Jr.; Allen, S.L.; Casper, T.A.

1981-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

22

Effects of end cell ion cyclotron fluctuations on central-cell ion confinement in the tandem mirror experiment (TMX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tandem mirror device (TMX) exhibits gross stability to both MHD and microinstability modes. The end-cell plasmas provide the tandem with average minimum-B stability, while the efflux of plasma from the central cell maintains the end cells (plugs) at marginal stability to loss cone modes. For some operating conditions, a residual level of plug ion cyclotron fluctuations is detected. These oscillations dominate the fluctuation frequency spectra in both the plugs and the central cell. The presence of plug ion cyclotron fluctuations in the central cell leads to resonance heating of some of the central cell ions. This heating degrades the confinement of the central cell ions; thereby increasing the amount of warm plasma stream flowing through the plugs.

Grubb, D.P.; Casper, T.A.; Clauser, J.F.

1980-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Buildup studies of a tandem mirror reactor with inboard thermal barriers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The build-up and quasi-steady state phases of the operation of the tandem mirror experiment, TMX, and of a tandem mirror machine with inboard thermal barriers, MFTF-B, have been simulated using a fluid model of the central cell and plug plasmas. The fluid model incorporates classical radial transport, three-dimensional cold gas transport in cylindrical geometry, and neutral beam transport corrected for finite-Larmor-orbit effects in both the central cell and yin yang end plugs.

Gryczkowski, G.E.; Gilmore, J.M.

1980-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

Plasma-wall interactions in tandem mirror machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description is presented of the plasma-surface interactions in thermal-barrier tandem-mirror machines. The thermal-barrier mode of axial confinement is an integral part of a tandem mirror, and it dictates the required plasma conditions, particularly at the surface of the plasma. For this reason, a qualitative discussion of the thermal barrier is presented first in Section 2. A brief description of the experimental configuration used in tandem mirrors to create the thermal barrier is then examined in detail in Section 3; the TMX-U and MFTF-B machines are used as specific examples. In Section 4, the relevant plasma-surface interaction issues are addressed, and experimental results from currently operating tandom mirror machines are included. Section 5 is both a summary and a discussion of future work concerned with plasma-surface interactions in tandem mirrors.

Allen, S.L.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Orbit averaged radial buildup code for tandem mirror geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radial Fokker-Planck (RFP) model of A. Futch was modified to treat plasma buildup in the tandem mirror plug and center cell with a self-consistent model (TOARBUC). Two major changes have been made to the original version of this code. First, the center cell is treated as having separate electron and ion confining potentials with the ion potential having the opposite sign of that in a conventional mirror. Second, a two-electron-temperature treatment derived by R. Cohen was included in the present model to allow the plug and center cell to have different T/sub e/'s as observed in the experiment. The following sections explain these changes in greater detail.

Campbell, M.; Futch, A.H.

1981-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Analysis of tandem mirror reactor performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Parametric studies are performed using a tandem mirror plasma point model to evaluate the wall loading GAMMA and the physics figure of merit, Q (fusion power/injected power). We explore the relationship among several dominant parameters and determine the impact on the plasma performance of electron cyclotron resonance heating in the plug region. These global particle and energy balance studies were carried out under the constraints of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium and stability and constant magnetic flux, assuming a fixed end-cell geometry. We found that the higher the choke coil fields, the higher the Q, wall loading, and fusion power due to the combination of the increased central-cell field B/sub c/ and density n/sub c/ and the reduced central-cell beta ..beta../sub c/. The MHD stability requirement of constant B/sub c//sup 2/..beta../sub c/ causes the reduction in ..beta../sub c/. In addition, a higher value of fusion power can also be obtained, at a fixed central-cell length, by operating at a lower value of B/sub c/ and a higher value of ..beta../sub c/.

Wu, K.F.; Campbell, R.B.; Peng, Y.K.M.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Calculation of density profiles in tandem mirrors fueled by pellets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have modified the LLNL radial transport code TMT to model reactor regime plasmas, fueled by pellets. The source profiles arising from pellet fueling are obtained from existing pellet ablation models. Because inward radial diffusion due to inverted profiles must compete with trapping of central cell ions in the transition region for tandem mirrors, pellets must penetrate fairly far into the plasma. In fact, based on our radial calculations, a pellet with a velocity of 10 km/sec cannot sustain the central flux tubes; a velocity more like 100 km/sec will be necessary. We also find that the central cell radial diffusion must exceed classical by about a factor of 100.

Campbell, R.B.; Gilmore, J.M.

1983-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self?consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on Fokker–Planck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX?U and MFTF?B) experiments [Nucl. Fusion 2 5 1205 (1985)]. Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

C. Litwin; R. N. Sudan

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self-consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on Fokker--Planck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX-U and MFTF-B) experiments (Nucl. Fusion 25, 1205 (1985)). Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

Litwin, C.; Sudan, R.N.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Fusion oriented plasma research in Bangladesh: theoretical study on low-frequency dust modes and edge plasma control experiment in tandem mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A collaboration with a Japanese institute in the field of plasma–wall interaction and dusty plasma has been formed in order to understand the physical properties of edge plasma. Results of the theoretical study on dusty plasma and the experimental study on GAMMA10 plasma are presented in this paper. Part A deals with the results obtained from the theoretical investigation of the properties and excitation of low-frequency electrostatic dust modes, e.g. the dust-acoustic (DA) and dust-lower-hybrid (DLH) waves, using the fluid models. In this study, dust grain charge is considered as a dynamic variable in streaming magnetized dusty plasmas with a background of neutral atoms. Dust charge fluctuation, collisional and streaming effects on DA and DLH modes are discussed. Part B deals with the results of the plasma control experiment in a non-axisymmetric magnetic field region of the anchor cell of GAMMA10. The observations, which indicate the comparatively low-temperature plasma formation in the anchor cell, are explained from the viewpoint of enhanced outgassing from the wall due to the interaction of the drifted-out ions. The drifting of ions is thought to be due to the effect of a local non-axisymmetric magnetic field. Experimental results on the control of the wall–plasma interaction by covering the flux tube of a non-axisymmetric magnetic field region by conducting plates are given. Possible influences of the asymmetric magnetic field and conducting plates on the GAMMA10 plasma parameters are discussed.

Md. Khairul Islam; Mohammed Salimullah; Kiyoshi Yatsu; Yousuke Nakashima; Yuki Ishimoto

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Plasma engineering models of tandem mirror devices with high-field test-cell inserts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma physics and engineering models of tandem mirror devices operated with a high-field technology test-cell insert in the central cell, which have been incorporated recently in the TMRBAR tandem mirror reactor physics code, are described. The models include particle and energy balance in the test-cell region as well as the interactions between the test-cell particles and those flowing through the entire device. The code calculations yield consistent operating parameters for the test-cell, central cell, and end cell systems. A benchmark case for the MFTF-..cap alpha..+T configuration is presented which shows good agreement between the code results and previous calculations.

Fenstermacher, M.E.; Campbell, R.B.

1985-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

32

Physics modeling of tandem mirror devices with high-field test cell inserts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently developed plasma physics models of tandem mirror operation with a high-field technology test cell insert in the central cell are described in detail. These models have been incorporated in the TMRBAR tandem mirror reactor physics code. Results of a benchmark case for the code models against previous analysis of the MFTF - ..cap alpha.. /sup +/ T configuration are given. A brief users guide to the new TMRBAR with the test cell models is also presented. Some description of the applications of the models to MFTF - ..cap alpha.. /sup +/ T and FPD - II + T configurations is made. References are given to separate reports on these studies.

Fenstermacher, M.E.; Campbell, R.B.

1985-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Thermal Barrier Formation and Plasma Confinement in the Axisymmetrized Tandem Mirror GAMMA 10  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the axisymmetrized tandem mirror GAMMA 10, thermal-barrier and plug potentials have been formed in the axisymmetric mirror cells at both ends and directly measured with Au neutral-beam probes and end-loss analyzers. Strong end-loss reduction associated with the potential formation results in enhancement of the axial particle confinement time 100 times over the mirror confinement time without plugging, in reasonable agreement with Pastukhov formula. An empirical scaling on nonambipolar radial ion confinement time in the axisymmetrized field configuration is presented.

M. Inutake; T. Cho; M. Ichimura; K. Ishii; A. Itakura; I. Katanuma; Y. Kiwamoto; Y. Kusama; A. Mase; S. Miyoshi; Y. Nakashima; T. Saito; A. Sakasai; K. Sawada; I. Wakaida; N. Yamaguchi; K. Yatsu

1985-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

34

Ra: A high efficiency, D-/sup 3/He, tandem mirror fusion reactor: Appendix C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ra tandem mirror fusion reactor concept features inherent safety, high net plant efficiency, low cost of electricity, low radioactive waste generation, low activation, highly efficient direct conversion, thin radiation shields, and axisymmetric magnets. The safety and environmental features are achieved through the use of D/He-3 fuel, while the high efficiency derives from a new operating mode. ICRF stabilization allows an axisymmetric magnet set. 11 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Santarius, J.F.; Attaya, H.; Corradini, M.L.; El-Guebaly, L.A.; Emmert, G.A.; Kulcinski, G.L.; Larsen, E.M.; Maynard, C.W.; Musicki, Z.; Sawan, M.E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Experimental beta limit in an average minimum-B tandem mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High density (non-thermal-barrier) operation in the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade (TMX-U) is found to be restricted by a stability limit. This limit is observed in the ratio of the neutral beam sustained central cell beta ?c to the hot ion beta ?ih in the minimum-B anchor cells at both ends of the central cell, qualitatively consistent with a flute interchange stability limit. The ratio is ?c/?ih = 5, over the range of 0.03 ? ?c ? 0.22, with no apparent reduction due to ballooning at high ?c. This is a factor of six below the standard magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) m = 1 stability theory prediction of ?c/?ih = 33 at ?c ? 0.1, where ballooning corrections to flute modes are small. The discrepancy could be due to approximations in the theory; however, experimental data indicate that the stability limit is due to drift wave turbulence or to large-m MHD flute or ballooning modes. The experimental beta limit is nearly independent of the hot electron beta in the anchor cells, which is compatible with theoretical predictions that the hot electron beta will decouple from MHD activity.

A.W. Molvik; T.A. Casper; A.H. Futch

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Conceptual design study FY 1981: synfuels from fusion - using the tandem mirror reactor and a thermochemical cycle to produce hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents the second year's effort of a scoping and conceptual design study being conducted for the express purpose of evaluating the engineering potential of producing hydrogen by thermochemical cycles using a tandem mirror fusion driver. The hydrogen thus produced may then be used as a feedstock to produce fuels such as methane, methanol, or gasoline. The main objective of this second year's study has been to obtain some approximate cost figures for hydrogen production through a conceptual design study.

Krikorian, O.H. (ed.)

1982-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

37

TMRBAR: a code to calculate plasma parameters for tandem-mirror reactors operating in the MARS mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to document the plasma power balance model currently used by LLNL to calculate steady state operating points for tandem mirror reactors. The code developed from this model, TMRBAR, has been used to predict the performance and define supplementary heating requirements for drivers used in the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) and for the Fusion Power Demonstration (FPD) study. The equations solved included particle and energy balance for central cell and end cell species, quasineutrality at several cardinal points in the end cell region, as well as calculations of volumes, densities and average energies based on given constraints of beta profiles and fusion power output. Alpha particle ash is treated self-consistently, but no other impurity species is treated.

Campbell, R.B.

1983-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Fokker-Planck equation in mirror research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open confinement systems based on the magnetic mirror principle depend on the maintenance of particle distributions that may deviate substantially from Maxwellian distributions. Mirror research has therefore from the beginning relied on theoretical predictions of non-equilibrium rate processes obtained from solutions to the Fokker-Planck equation. The F-P equation plays three roles: Design of experiments, creation of classical standards against which to compare experiment, and predictions concerning mirror based fusion power systems. Analytical and computational approaches to solving the F-P equation for mirror systems will be reviewed, together with results and examples that apply to specific mirror systems, such as the tandem mirror.

Post, R.F.

1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

39

Task II: ECRH and transport modeling in tandem mirrors and divertor physics. Annual progress report on fusion plasma theory, January 1, 1983-December 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research performed under Task II of this contract has focused on (1) the coupling of an ECRH ray tracing and absorption code to a tandem mirror transport code in order to self-consistently model the temporal and spatial evolution of the plasma, and (2) the further development of a semi-analytical kinetic model for plasma flow in divertors and pumped limiters. Work on these topics is briefly summarized in this progress report.

Emmert, G.A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) final report summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) has resulted in an overview of a first-generation tandem mirror reactor. The central cell fusion plasma is self-sustained by alpha heating (ignition), while electron-cyclotron resonance heating and negative ion beams maintain the electrostatic confining potentials in the end plugs. Plug injection power is reduced by the use of high-field choke coils and thermal barriers, concepts to be tested in the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) and Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Henning, C.D.; Logan, B.G.; Carlson, G.A.; Perkins, L.J.; Werner, R.W.; Gordon, J.D.; Parmer, J.F.; Bilton, J.R.; Glancy, J.E.; Kulcinski, G.L.

1983-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Plasma-surface interactions in large tandem mirror devices - MFTF-B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present experiments on TMX-U and modeling of MFTF-B indicate that plasma-surface interactions can be controlled in MFTF-B. The MFTF-B configuration uses a hot electron population created by ECRH and a sloshing-ion population created by neutral beams in the thermal barrier region to create a potential that confines the central cell ions. Neutral beams and ICRH are used to heat the central cell ions. Plasma-surface interactions can be minimized at radial surfaces by control of the axial confinement of the edge plasma. The thermal barrier configuration is sensitive to the background neutral density, and requires low wall reflux and efficient shielding by the edge plasma. Glow discharge cleaning, titanium gettering, and control of the gas from neutral beams will be used to provide wall conditioning and to reduce the background gas pressure. The shielding efficiency of the plasma edge has been modeled in MFTF-B by comparing computer codes with current experimental measurements. In addition, it is very important to reduce high-energy neutral-beam-injected impurities; this is accomplished by using gettering or magnetic separation in the injector systems. Plasma-edge scrapers, diverter-like devices, and direct-conversion equipment will be located in the end region. Major disruptions are not anticipated. Finally, MFTF-B will also test some technological issues that are revelant to reactors: superconducting magnet systems and nearly steady-state (30-s) operation.

Allen, S.L.

1984-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Evolution of the mirror machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The history of the magnetic-mirror approach to a fusion reactor is primarily the history of our understanding and control of several crucial physics issues, coupled with progress in the technology of heating and confining a reacting plasma. The basic requirement of an MHD-stable plasma equilibrium was achieved following the early introduction of minimum-B multipolar magnetic fields. In refined form, the same magnetic-well principle carries over to our present experiments and to reactor designs. The higher frequency microinstabilities, arising from the non-Maxwellian particle distributions inherent in mirror machines, have gradually come under control as theoretical prescriptions for distribution functions have been applied in the experiments. Even with stability, the classical plasma leakage through the mirrors posed a serious question for reactor viability until the principle of electrostatic axial stoppering was applied in the tandem mirror configuration. Experiments to test this principle successfully demonstrated the substantial improvement in confinement predicted. Concurrent with advances in mirror plasma physics, development of both high-power neutral beam injectors and high-speed vacuum pumping techniques has played a crucial role in ongoing experiments. Together with superconducting magnets, cryogenic pumping, and high-power radiofrequency heating, these technologies have evolved to a level that extrapolates readily to meet the requirements of a tandem mirror fusion reactor.

Damm, C. C.

1983-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tandem mirror theory workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop was divided into three sections which were constituted according to subject matter: RF Heating, MHD Equilibrium and Stability, and Transport and Microstability. An overview from Livermore's point of view was given at the beginning of each session. Each session was assigned a secretary to take notes. These notes have been used in preparing this report on the workshop. The report includes the activities, conclusions, and recommendations of the workshop.

None

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Modeling and optimization of operating parameters for a test-cell option of the Fusion Power Demonstration-II tandem mirror design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Models of tandem mirror devices operated with a test-cell insert have been used to calculate operating parameters for FPD-II+T, an upgrade of the Fusion Power Demonstration-II device. Two test-cell configurations were considered, one accommodating two 1.5 m blanket test modules and the other having four. To minimize the cost of the upgrade, FPD-II+T utilizes the same coil arrangement and machine dimensions outside of the test cell as FPD-II, and the requirements on the end cell systems have been held near or below those for FPD-II. The maximum achievable test cell wall loading found for the short test-cell was 3.5 MW/m/sup 2/ while 6.0 MW/m/sup 2/ was obtainable in the long test-cell configuration. The most severe limitation on the achievable wall loading is the upper limit on test-cell beta set by MHD stability calculations. Modification of the shape of the magnetic field in the test-cell by improving the magnet design could raise this beta limit and lead to improved test-cell performance.

Haney, S.W.; Fenstermacher, M.E.

1985-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

45

Summary of mirror experiments relevant to beam-plasma neutron source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A promising design for a deuterium-tritium (DT) neutron source is based on the injection of neutral beams into a dense, warm plasma column. Its purpose is to test materials for possible use in fusion reactors. A series of designs have evolved, from a 4-T version to an 8-T version. Intense fluxes of 5--10 MW/m/sup 2/ is achieved at the plasma surface, sufficient to complete end-of-life tests in one to two years. In this report, we review data from earlier mirror experiments that are relevant to such neutron sources. Most of these data are from 2XIIB, which was the only facility to ever inject 5 MW of neutral beams into a single mirror call. The major physics issues for a beam-plasma neutron source are magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium and stability, microstability, startup, cold-ion fueling of the midplane to allow two-component reactions, and operation in the Spitzer conduction regime, where the power is removed to the ends by an axial gradient in the electron temperature T/sub e/. We show in this report that the conditions required for a neutron source have now been demonstrated in experiments. 20 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

Molvik, A.W.

1988-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

46

Search for neutron - mirror neutron oscillations in a laboratory experiment with ultracold neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter is considered as a candidate for dark matter. In connection with this an experimental search for neutron - mirror neutron (nn') transitions has been carried out using storage of ultracold neutrons in a trap with different magnetic fields. As a result, a new limit for the neutron - mirror neutron oscillation time has been obtained, tau_osc >= 448 s (90% C.L.), assuming that there is no mirror magnetic field larger than 100 nT. Besides a first attempt to obtain some restriction for mirror magnetic field has been done.

A. P. Serebrov; E. B. Aleksandrov; N. A. Dovator; S. P. Dmitriev; A. K. Fomin; P. Geltenbort; A. G. Kharitonov; I. A. Krasnoschekova; M. S. Lasakov; A. N. Murashkin; G. E. Shmelev; V. E. Varlamov; A. V. Vassiljev; O. M. Zherebtsov; O. Zimmer

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

47

Physics of mirror systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years the emphasis in research on the magnetic mirror approach to fusion has been shifted to address what are essentially economically-motivated issues. The introduction of the Tandem Mirror idea solved in principal the problem of low Q (low fusion power gain) of mirror-based fusion systems. In order to optimize the tandem mirror idea from an economic standpoint, some important improvements have been suggested. These improvements include the thermal barrier idea of Baldwin and Logan and the axicell concept of Kesner. These new modifications introduce some special physics considerations. Among these are (1) The MHD stability properties of high energy electron components in the end cells; (2) The optimization of end-cell magnetic field configurations with the objective of minimizing equilibrium parallel currents; (3) The suppression of microstabilities by use of sloshing ion distributions. Following a brief outline of tandem mirror concepts, the above three topics are discussed, with illustrative examples taken from earlier work or from recent design studies.

Post, R.F.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Radial space potential measurements in the central cell of the tandem mirror experiment with a heavy-ion-beam probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal profiles of the space potential in the central-cell midplane of TMX have been obtained with a heavy-ion-beam probe. The absolute accuracy of measurements is +- 25 volts (with respect to the machine vacuum walls) with a resolution of approx. 2 volts. During moderate fueling with the gas boxes (i/sub gas/ approx. = 1200 Atom-Amperes D/sub 2/), the plasma potential is parabolic to at least 25 cm radius, with phi/sub e/ approx. = phi/sub max/(1-(r/32)/sup 2/) and 300 < phi/sub max/ <450 volts. With puffer-valve fueling, the space potential is relatively flat to at least 27 cm radius, with 250 < phi/sub e/ < 350 volts.

Hallock, G.A.

1983-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

49

Particle Deconfinement in a Bent Magnetic Mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coils misalignment in a magnetic mirror can produce additional particle transport. The magnetic field non axi-symmetry is responsible for radial and longitudinal drifts in a way much similar to the neo-classical transport in a tandem mirror cell distorted by end plugs. Accordingly, a regime exhibiting large radial displacements - similar to the resonant regime in tandem mirrors - can be obtained by confining ions azimuthally, for example by means of a properly tuned radial electric field. Because of the mass dependence of the magnetic field non-homogeneity drift velocities, the azimuthal trapping is mass specific, allowing in principle the filtering of a specific species based on its mass.

Renaud Gueroult and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

50

Preparation of radioactive targets for tandem accelerator experiments by high vacuum evaporation–condensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactive thin film targets have been prepared by high vacuum evaporation–condensation in the hot-lab facility of the University of Munich. Targets made by this technique are of high density and excellent smoothness, being well suited for experiments aimed at the production and spectroscopy of fission fragments. Cold crucible electron beam heating is the preferred method for evaporation of actinide isotopic material of sufficient abundance, for instance 230Th, 232Th, 233U, 235U, 238U and 239Pu. Exotic isotopes, which are available only in submilligram quantities, are processed in a micro-evaporator module consisting of a chimney-type crucible heated by low-tension electron bombardment. This set-up is characterised by a high collection efficiency and was used for the production of 244Pu and 10Be targets.

R. Grossmann; H.J. Maier; H.U. Friebel; D. Frischke

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Tanden Mirror Reactor Systems Code (TMRSC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a computer code developed to model a tandem mirror reactor. This is the first tandem mirror reactor model to couple the highly linked physics, magnetics, and neutronic analysis into a single code. Results from this code for two sensitivity studies are included in this paper. These studies are designed (1) to determine the impact of center cell plasma radius, length, and ion temperature on reactor cost and performance at constant fusion power and (2) to determine the impact of reactor power level on cost.

Reid, R.L.; Rothe, K.E.; Barrett, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study interim design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The status of the design of a tenth-of-a-kind commercial tandem-mirror fusion reactor is described at the midpoint of a two-year study. When completed, the design is to serve as a strategic goal for the mirror fusion program. The main objectives of the Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) are: (1) to design an attractive tandem-mirror fusion reactor producing electricity and synfuels (in alternate versions), (2) to identify key development and technology needs, and (3) to exploit the potential of fusion for safety, low activation, and simple disposal of radioactive waste. In the first year we have emphasized physics and engineering of the central cell and physics of the end cell. Design optimization and trade studies are continuing, and we expect additional modifications in the end cells to further improve the performance of the final design.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Alpha Channeling in Mirror Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of their engineering simplicity, high-?, and steady-state operation, mirror machines and related open-trap machines such as gas dynamic traps, are an attractive concept for achieving controlled nuclear fusion. In these open-trap machines, the confinement occurs by means of magnetic mirroring, without the magnetic field lines closing upon themselves within the region of particle confinement. Unfortunately, these concepts have not achieved to date very spectacular laboratory results, and their reactor prospects are dimmed by the prospect of a low Q-factor, the ratio of fusion power produced to auxiliary power. Nonetheless, because of its engineering promise, over the years numerous improvements have been proposed to enhance the reactor prospects of mirror fusion, such as tandem designs, end-plugging, and electric potential barriers.

Fisch N.J.

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Switchable Mirrors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switchable Mirrors Switchable Mirrors Speaker(s): Ronald Griessen Date: July 17, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas Richardson Switchable mirrors based on rare earth hydrides were discovered in my laboratory in 1994. PhD student J.N. Huiberts observed a reversible metal-to-insulator transition when a thin film (150 to 500 nm) of yttrium or lanthanum coated with a thin layer of palladium was exposed to hydrogen gas. The transition accompanies conversion of a metallic dihydride phase to a semiconducting trihydride. Since then, our group has carried out fundamental research that has elucidated many important aspects of switchable mirror phenomena. This talk will include demonstrations of the spectacular changes in optical properties in rare earth hydride films, and

55

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror while keeping the location of a point on the surface of the mirror fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount. Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders that are bearing mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell that is air bearing mounted to move between a clamp and an upper pedestal bearing. The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell lie upon the point. Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror by a pair of pitch paddles and a pair of roll paddles that are independently and separately moved by control rods driven by motors.

Humpal, H.H.

1986-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

56

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount (10) is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror (28) while keeping the location of a point (56) on the surface of the mirror (28) fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount (10). Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders (30,32) that are bearing (52) mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell (42) that is air bearing (72,74) mounted to move between a clamp (60) and an upper pedestal bearing (44). The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell (42) lie upon the point (56). Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror (28) by a pair of pitch paddles (34) and a pair of roll paddles (36) that are independently and separately moved by control rods (76,80) driven by motors (78,82).

Humpal, Harold H. (San Ramon, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Mirror mount  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror mount is provided that allows free pitch, yaw and roll motion of the mirror while keeping the location of a point on the surface of the mirror fixed in the rest frame of reference of the mount. Yaw movement is provided by two yaw cylinders that are bearing mounted to provide rotation. Pitch and roll motion is provided by a spherically annular shell that is air bearing mounted to move between a clamp and an upper pedestal bearing. The centers of curvature of the spherical surfaces of the shell lie upon the point. Pitch motion and roll motion are separately and independently imparted to mirror by a pair of pitch paddles and a pair of roll paddles that are independently and separately moved by control rods driven by motors. 5 figs.

Humpal, H.H.

1987-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

Tandem betatron  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Two betatrons are provided in tandem for alternately accelerating an electron beam to avoid the single flux swing limitation of conventional betatrons and to accelerate the electron beam to high energies. The electron beam is accelerated in a first betatron during a period of increasing magnetic flux. The eletron beam is extracted from the first betatron as a peak magnetic flux is reached and then injected into a second betatron at a time of minimum magnetic flux in the second betatron. The cycle may be repeated until the desired electron beam energy is obtained. In one embodiment, the second betatron is axially offset from the first betatron to provide for electron beam injection directly at the axial location of the beam orbit in the second betatron.

Keinigs, Rhonald K. (Santa Fe, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Magnetic-mirror principle as applied to fusion research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tutorial account is given of the key physics issues in the confinement of high temperature plasma in magnetic mirror systems. The role of adiabatic invariants and particle drifts and their relationship to equilibrium and stability are discussed, in the context of the various forms of mirror field geometry. Collisional effects and the development and the control of ambipolar potentials are reviewed. The topic of microinstabilities is discussed together with the means for their control. The properties and advantages for fusion power purposes of various special embodiments of the mirror idea, including tandem mirrors, are discussed.

Post, R.F.

1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

60

TMX-U thermal-barrier experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This review of thermal-barrier experiments in the Tandem Mirror Experiment Upgrade (TMX-U) describes our progress at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in plasma confinement and central-cell heating. Thermal barriers in TMX-U improved axial confinement by two orders of magnitude over a limited range of densities, compared with confinement in single-cell mirrors at the same ion temperature. Our study shows that central-cell radial nonambipolar confinement scales as neoclassical theory and can be eliminated by floating the end walls. Radial ambipolar losses can also be measured and reduced. The electron energy balance is improved in tandem mirrors to near classical, resulting in T/sub e/ up to 0.28 keV. Electron cyclotron heating (ECH) efficiencies up to 42 percent, with low levels of electron microinstability, were achieved when hot electrons in the thermal barrier were heated to average betas as large as 15 percent. The hot-electron distribution is measured from X rays and is modeled by a Fokker-Planck code that includes heating from cavity radio-frequency (RF) fields. Neutral-beam injection in the central cell created average ion betas up to 5 percent with radial profiles of hot ions that are modeled accurately by a radial Fokker-Planck code. Gas fueling between two fundamental ion cyclotron heating (ICH) resonances resulted in symmetrical heating of passing ions toward both ends.

Simonen, T.C.; Allen, S.L.; Barter, J.D.; Casper, T.A.; Correll, D.L.; Carter, M.R.; Clauser, J.F.; Dimonte, G.; Foote, J.H.; Futch, A.H.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Tandem mobile robot system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.

Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM); Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Electrons and Mirror Symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutral weak force between an electron and a target particle, mediated by the Z boson, can be isolated by measuring the fractional change under a mirror reflection of the scattering probability of relativistic longitudinally polarized electrons off unpolarized targets. This technique yields neutral weak force measurements at a length scale of 1 femtometer, in contrast to high energy collider measurements that probe much smaller length scales. Study of the variation of the weak force over a range of length scales provides a stringent test of theory, complementing collider measurements. We describe a recent measurement of the neutral weak force between two electrons by the E158 experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. While the weak force between an electron and positron has been extensively studied, that between two electrons had never directly been measured. We conclude by discussing prospects for even more precise measurements at future facilities.

Kumar, Krishna (University of Massachusetts, Amherst) [University of Massachusetts, Amherst

2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

63

Mirror Technology Roadmap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NASA’s Mirror Technology Roadmap identifies specific capabilities requiring significant advances in optical fabrication and testing to enable the next generation of...

Stahl, H Philip

64

ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mirror Servers Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network IPv6 Implementation Checklist ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers ESnet IPv6 History ESnet supports Sandia and...

65

Nanolaminate deformable mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror formed out of two layers of a nanolaminate foil attached to a stiff substrate is introduced. Deformation is provided by an electrostatic force between two of the layers. The internal stiffness of the structure allows for high-spatial-frequency shapes. The nanolaminate foil of the present invention allows for a high-quality mirror surface. The device achieves high precision in the vertical direction by using foils with accurately controlled thicknesses, but does not require high precision in the lateral dimensions, allowing such mirrors to be fabricated using crude lithography techniques. Such techniques allow structures up to about the meter scale to be fabricated.

Papavasiliou, Alexandros P. (Oakland, CA); Olivier, Scot S. (Santa Cruz, CA)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

Monolithic tandem solar cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is an object of the invention to provide a monolithic tandem photovoltaic solar cell which is highly radiation resistant and efficient; in which the energy bandgap of the lower subcell can be tailored for specific applications; solar cell comprising layers of InP and GaInAsP (or GaInAs), where said photovoltaic cell is useful, for example, in space power applications; having an improved power-to-mass ratio; in which subcells are lattice-matches; and are both two terminal and three terminal monolithic tandem photovoltaic solar cells. To achieve the foregoing and other objects and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, the monolithic tandem photovoltaic solar cell may comprise; (a) an InP substrate having an upper surface; (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate; wherein the first subcell comprises GaInAs (which could include GaInAsP) and includes a homojunction; and (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell; wherein the second subcell comprises InP and includes a homojunction. The cell is described in detail. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Wanlass, M.W.

1989-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

67

Monolithic tandem solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell is described which includes (a) an InP substrate having upper and lower surfaces, (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate, (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell; and (d) an optically transparent prismatic cover layer over the second subcell. The first photoactive subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched. 9 figs.

Wanlass, M.W.

1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

68

Monolithic tandem solar cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell which includes an InP substrate having an upper and lower surfaces, a first photoactive subcell on the upper surface of the InP substrate, and a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell. The first photovoltaic subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched. The solar cell can be provided as a two- terminal device or a three-terminal device.

Wanlass, M.W.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

69

Thermomechanical characterization of a membrane deformable mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A membrane deformable mirror has been investigated for its potential use in high-energy laser systems. Experiments were performed in which the deformable mirror was heated with a 1 kW incandescent lamp and the thermal profile, the wavefront aberrations, and the mechanical displacement of the membrane were measured. A finite element model was also developed. The wavefront characterization experiments showed that the wavefront degraded with heating. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the wavefront characterization experiments indicated a dramatic increase in the high-order wavefront modes before the optical beam became immeasurable in the sensors. The mechanical displacement data of the membrane mirror showed that during heating, the membrane initially deflected towards the heat source and then deflected away from the heat source. Finite element analysis (FEA) predicted a similar displacement behavior as shown by the mechanical displacement data but over a shorter time scale and a larger magnitude. The mechanical displacement data also showed that the magnitude of membrane displacement increased with the experiments that involved higher temperatures. Above a temperature of 35 deg. C, the displacement data showed that random deflections as a function of time developed and that the magnitude of these deflections increased with increased temperature. We concluded that convection, not captured in the FEA, likely played a dominant role in mirror deformation at temperatures above 35 deg. C.

Morse, Kathleen A.; McHugh, Stuart L.; Fixler, Jeff

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical NoteFEASIBILITY STUDIES OF ALPHA-PARTICLE CHANNELING IN MIRROR MACHINES A. I. ZHMOGINOV such as mirror machines can benefit this concept by efficiently redirecting a-particle energy to fuel ion heating designs and for proof-of-principle experiments. KEYWORDS: alpha channeling, mirror machines, ray tracing

71

Development of magnetic mirror systems for nuclear testing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several system studies have concluded that the small size and steady state nature of magnetic mirror systems provide attractive features for nuclear-testing applications. The principle shortcoming of mirror systems is their small data base relative to that of tokamaks. This paper summarizes the present data base and describes experiments that could be carried out with small modifications of existing facilities to explore plasma physics issues associated with the production of high neutron fluxes in magnetic mirror configurations. The experiments would demonstrate physics principles important to such future applications of fusion power neutrons as blanket testing, tritium production, fissile fuel production, or decontamination of high-level radioactive nuclear-reactor wastes.

Simonen, T.C.; Futch, A.H.; Kaiser, T.B.

1986-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

BNL | Tandem Van de Graaff | Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tandem Van de Graaff Tandem Van de Graaff Tandem Home Conduct Research at the Tandem Capabilities Testing & Callibration SEU Test Facility Ion Species Ion Irradiation / Implantation Schedule Org Chart (.pdf) Contact Welcome to the Tandem The Tandem Van de Graaff Facility consists of two 15-megavolt electrostatic accelerators capable of delivering continuous, or high-intensity pulsed ion beams in a wide range of ion species at various energies to experimental chambers that are available to researchers on a full cost-recovery basis. More » Use the Tandem Follow these simple steps to determine if the Tandem meets your experimental needs, reserve beam time, and to plan for your visit. Review Capabilities Learn what ion species are available at the Tandem and at what LETs, maximum energies, and energy ranges, as well as other capabilities.

73

Focussing of synchroton radiation X-ray beams using synthetic multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two multilayer X-ray mirror system has been developed to focus 8 keV X-rays from a synchrotron X-ray source. The system uses a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror geometry and the mirrors are made by sputtering carbon and tungsten layers on spherical optical mirror substrates. A focused X-ray spot 40 ?m wide by 10 ?m high was obtained using an 8 keV X-ray beam from a wiggler beamline at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. Similar mirror systems may be useful for microprobe and small sample experiments using both synchrotron and laboratory sources.

A.C. Thompson; Y. Wu; J.H. Underwood; T.W. Barbee Jr.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

More about neutron - mirror neutron oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was pointed out recently that oscillation of the neutron $n$ into mirror neutron $n'$, a sterile twin of the neutron with exactly the same mass, could be a very fast process with the the baryon number violation, even faster than the neutron decay itself. This process is sensitive to the magnetic fields and it could be observed by comparing the neutron lose rates in the UCN storage chambers for different magnetic backgrounds. We calculate the probability of $n-n'$ oscillation in the case when a mirror magnetic field $\\vec{B}'$ is non-zero and show that in this case it can be suppressed or resonantly enhanced by applying the ordinary magnetic field $\\vec{B}$, depending on its strength and on its orientation with respect to $\\vec{B}'$. The recent experimental data, under this hypothesis, still allow the $n-n'$ oscillation time order 1 s or even smaller. Moreover, they indicate that the neutron losses are sensitive to the orientation of the magnetic field. %at about $3\\sigma$ level. If these hints will be confirmed in the future experiments, this would point to the presence of the mirror magnetic field on the Earth of the order of 0.1 G, or some equivalent spin-dependent force of the other origin that makes a difference between the neutron and mirror neutron states.

Zurab Berezhiani

2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

75

Deformable Mirror Materials Issue Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It was a pleasure to speak with you and Dr. Olivier Guyon about your project to develop a coronagraph and in particular about materials science considerations in the development of the deformable mirror (DM) for the coronagraph. The coronagraph application will demand more of a DM than previous applications with regard to precision, and since the characterization and modeling tools are currently under development, you asked me to comment on materials issues that might impact the DM design and testing. I have not conducted research on this question, and my own research on modeling MEMS has not included DM systems. I am only in a position to discuss some general considerations that may help in developing a research plan for the DM system. As I understand it, the relevant points about the DM system are as follows. The DM surface needs to be positioned to less than 1 {angstrom} RMS of the desired shape, and be stable to 0.3 {angstrom} RMS for an hour. In the ultimate application in space the stability requirements may be greater. For example, the DM shape can be set using a bright star and then allow the coronagraph to be turned to a dim star to collect data for several hours, counting on the mirror shape to be stable. The DM is made of a polysilicon membrane coated with one or more metal layers for the reflective surface and actuated by 32x32 or 64x64 electrostatic actuators on the back side. The uncertainty in the position of any one actuator should be at the few-picometer level or less averaged over the 300-{micro}m region of the actuator. Currently, experiments are conducted that can characterize the surface shape to the 1 nm level, and it is anticipated that the experiments will be able to characterize the shape at the sub-Angstrom level but not in the immediate future. Regarding stability, under relatively large deformations (10's of nm), the DM mirror surface shows no hysteresis at the measurable nm level. Let me begin by saying that I am not aware of any article in the literature that directly assesses surface position stability at the sub-Angstrom level across 100's of microns of surface. Interferometry is typically used for precise metrology over areas this large, but not typically at the sub-Angstrom level. For the purpose of these comments, I assume that it will be possible to measure the precision of the mirror shape and stability at the requisite sub-Angstrom level at some point during the coronagraph development using interferometers or some other high-precision metrology technique. The hope is that the comments at this point may identify some potential issues that can be resolved early in the development to avoid costly surprises in the later stages.

Rudd, R E

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

76

Lithium-based electrochromic mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson*with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed andand silver. INTRODUCTION Electrochromic devices that exhibit

Richardson, Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Results and analysis of the TMX electron-beam injection experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron beams (e-beams) were injected into the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) plasma in order to investigate the effect on the ion cyclotron fluctuations of the plasma. The power level of the e-beams was comparable to that of the injected neutral beams. It was found that injection of the e-beams produced no significant effect on the ion cyclotron fluctuations, the measured plasma parameters, or the particle and power flow of the plasma. The increase in bulk electron temperature and the production of mirror-confined electrons found in previous experiments in which e-beams were injected into a mirror-confined plasma were not observed in this experiment. Analysis of the regions and frequencies of wave creation and absorption within the plasma shows that the plasma density and magnetic field profiles through the plasma strongly affect the resonances encountered by the waves. The steep axial density profiles produced by neutral-beam injection in the TMX experiment are not conducive to efficient coupling of the e-beam energy to the plasma.

Poulsen, P.; Grubb, D.P.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Neutron diagnostics for mirror hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fusion-fission (FuFi) hybrids will need instrumentation to diagnose the deuteriumtritium plasma, whose 14-MeV neutron emission is the driver of the sub-critical fission core. While the fission neutron yield rate (Y{sub fi} and hence power P{sub fi}) can be monitored with standard instrumentation, fusion plasmas in hybrids require special diagnostics where the determination of Y{sub th} ({proportional_to}P{sub fu}) is a challenge. Information on Y{sub fu} is essential for assessing the fusion plasma performance which together with Y{sub fi} allows for the validation of the neutron multiplication factor (k) of the subcritical fission core. Diagnostics for hybrid plasmas are heuristically discussed with special reference to straight field line mirror (SFLM). Relevant DT plasma experience from JET and plans for ITER in the main line of fusion research were used as input. It is shown that essential SFLM plasma information can potentially be obtained with proposed instrumentation, but the state of the hybrid plasma must be predictably robust as derived from fully diagnosed dedicated experiments without interface restrictions of the hybrid application.

Kaellne, Jan; Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Gorini, Giuseppe; Tardocchi, Marco; Grosso, Giovanni [Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 256, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Universita degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, Dip. di Fisica 'G. Occhialini', Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126, Milan (Italy)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

79

Science, Optics and You: Mirror and Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

opticstutorialsindex.html INTRODUCTION MIRRORS AND IMAGES MODULE m3 SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - 44 - SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - 45 - m3: Mirrors and...

80

ROSAT wide field camera mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ROSAT wide field camera (WFC) is an XUV telescope operating in the 12–250-eV energy band. The mirror system utilizes Wolter-Schwarzschild type I (WS I) grazing incidence optics...

Willingale, R

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

"Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supported catalysts are widely used in industry and can be optimized by tuning the composition and interface of the metal nanoparticles and oxide supports. Rational design of metal-metal oxide interfaces in nanostructured catalysts is critical to achieve better reaction activities and selectivities. We introduce here a new class of nanocrystal tandem catalysts that have multiple metal-metal oxide interfaces for the catalysis of sequential reactions. We utilized a nanocrystal bilayer structure formed by assembling platinum and cerium oxide nanocube monolayers of less than 10 nm on a silica substrate. The two distinct metal-metal oxide interfaces, CeO2-Pt and Pt-SiO2, can be used to catalyse two distinct sequential reactions. The CeO2-Pt interface catalysed methanol decomposition to produce CO and H2, which were subsequently used for ethylene hydroformylation catalysed by the nearby Pt-SiO2 interface. Consequently, propanal was produced selectively from methanol and ethylene on the nanocrystal bilayer tandem catalyst. This new concept of nanocrystal tandem catalysis represents a powerful approach towards designing high-performance, multifunctional nanostructured catalysts

Yamada, Yusuke; Tsung, Chia Kuang; Huang, Wenyu; Huo, Ziyang; E.Habas, Susan E; Soejima, Tetsuro; Aliaga, Cesar E; Samorjai, Gabor A; Yang, Peidong

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

82

High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an active solid target positioning device for driving plasma mirrors with high repetition rate ultra-high intensity lasers. The position of the solid target surface with respect to the laser focus is optically monitored and mechanically controlled on the nm scale to ensure reproducible interaction conditions for each shot at arbitrary repetition rate. We demonstrate the target capabilities by driving high-order harmonic generation from plasma mirrors produced on glass targets with a near-relativistic intensity few-cycle pulse laser system operating at 1 kHz. During experiments, residual target surface motion can be actively stabilized down to 47?nm (root mean square), which ensures sub-300-as relative temporal stability of the plasma mirror as a secondary source of coherent attosecond extreme ultraviolet radiation in pump-probe experiments.

Borot, A.; Douillet, D.; Iaquaniello, G.; Lefrou, T.; Lopez-Martens, R. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée, ENSTA-ParisTech, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France)] [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquée, ENSTA-ParisTech, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7639, 91761 Palaiseau (France); Audebert, P.; Geindre, J.-P. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Doppler Effect Associated with the Reflection of Light on a Moving Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Doppler Effect associated with the reflection on a moving mirror is reduced to two Doppler Effect experiments involving the incoming incident ray and the outgoing reflected ray or vice-versa. The dependence of the corresponding Doppler factors on the incidence angle on the stationary mirror.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Ioan Damian

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

84

Firewalls, smoke and mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radiation emitted by a black hole (BH) during its evaporation has to have some degree of quantum coherence to accommodate a unitary time evolution. We parametrize the degree of coherence by the number of coherently emitted particles $N_{coh}$ and show that it is severely constrained by the equivalence principle. We discuss, in this context, the fate of a shell of matter that falls into a Schwarzschild BH. Two points of view are considered, that of a stationary external observer and that of the shell itself. From the perspective of the shell, the near-horizon region has an energy density proportional to $N_{coh}^2$ in Schwarzschild units. So, if $N_{coh}$ is parameterically larger than the square root of the BH entropy $S_{BH}^ {1/2}$, a firewall or more generally a "wall of smoke" forms and the equivalence principle is violated while the BH is still semiclassical. To have a degree of coherence that is parametrically smaller than $S_{BH}^{1/2}$, one has to introduce a new sub-Planckian gravitational length scale, which likely also violates the equivalence principle. And so our previously proposed model which has $N_{coh}=S_{BH}^{1/2}$ is singled out. From the external-observer perspective, we find that the time it takes for the information about the state of the shell to get re-emitted from the BH is inversely proportional to $N_{coh}$. When the rate of information release becomes order unity, the semiclassical approximation starts to break down and the BH becomes a perfect reflecting information mirror.

Ram Brustein; A. J. M. Medved

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

Compact neutron imaging system using axisymmetric mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A dispersed release of neutrons is generated from a source. A portion of this dispersed neutron release is reflected by surfaces of a plurality of nested, axisymmetric mirrors in at least an inner mirror layer and an outer mirror layer, wherein the neutrons reflected by the inner mirror layer are incident on at least one mirror surface of the inner mirror layer N times, wherein N is an integer, and wherein neutrons reflected by the outer mirror are incident on a plurality of mirror surfaces of the outer layer N+i times, where i is a positive integer, to redirect the neutrons toward a target. The mirrors can be formed by a periodically reversed pulsed-plating process.

Khaykovich, Boris; Moncton, David E; Gubarev, Mikhail V; Ramsey, Brian D; Engelhaupt, Darell E

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

86

Improved monolithic tandem solar cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single-crystal, monolithic, tandem, photovoltaic solar cell is described which includes (a) an InP substrate having upper and lower surfaces, (b) a first photoactive subcell on the upper surf ace of the InP substrate, (c) a second photoactive subcell on the first subcell; and (d) an optically transparent prismatic cover layer over the second subcell. The first photoactive subcell is GaInAsP of defined composition. The second subcell is InP. The two subcells are lattice matched.

Wanlass, M.W.

1991-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

87

Parasitic driven heliostat mirror declinator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An automatic parasitically driven declinator is disclosed for changing the tilt angle of the mirror of a heliostat to provide solar declination tracking by the heliostat. The declinator includes an axial gear drive train coupled to the polar axial shaft of the heliostat, which shaft is rotated. A pendulum arrangement coupled via an input shaft to the axial gear drive train is substantially held in plumb position by gravity wherein the gear drive train is driven as it is rotated about the polar axis by the polar axial shaft. An output shaft coupled to the gear train is rotated to drive a skew bar linkage assembly that is connected to the mirror mounting assembly of the heliostat. The gear ratio of the gear drive train assembly is made 365:1 so that the mirror angle is annually nutated a predetermined number of degrees corresponding to the cyclic variations of solar declination.

Rhodes, W.A.

1983-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

88

Compaction managed mirror bend achromat  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for controlling the momentum compaction in a beam of charged particles. The method includes a compaction-managed mirror bend achromat (CMMBA) that provides a beamline design that retains the large momentum acceptance of a conventional mirror bend achromat. The CMMBA also provides the ability to tailor the system momentum compaction spectrum as desired for specific applications. The CMMBA enables magnetostatic management of the longitudinal phase space in Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) thereby alleviating the need for harmonic linearization of the RF waveform.

Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

89

CubeSat deformable mirror demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of the CubeSat Deformable Mirror Demonstration (DeMi) is to characterize the performance of a small deformable mirror over a year in low-Earth orbit. Small form factor deformable mirrors are a key technology needed ...

Cahoy, Kerri

90

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

91

Status and development of magnetic mirror systems for nuclear testing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several system studies have concluded that the small size and steady-state nature of magnetic mirror systems provide attractive features of nuclear testing applications such as blanket testing, fissile fuel production, tritium production, or decontamination of high-level radioactive nuclear reactor wastes. A summary of the data base is presented, and next-generation experiments that could be carried out to explore plasma physics issues associated with the production of high neutron fluxes in magnetic mirror configurations are described.

Simonen, T.C.; Futch, A.H.; Kaiser, T.B.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Deformable mirror for short wavelength applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A deformable mirror compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation that can be precisely controlled to nanometer and subnanometer accuracy is described. Actuators are coupled between a reaction plate and a face plate which has a reflective coating. A control system adjusts the voltage supplied to the actuators; by coordinating the voltages supplied to the actuators, the reflective surface of the mirror can be deformed to correct for dimensional errors in the mirror or to produce a desired contour.

Chapman, Henry N. (2417 Kilkare Rd., Sunol, CA 94586); Sweeney, Donald W. (5020 Canyon Crest Dr., San Ramon, CA 94583)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Cryogenic wavefront correction using membrane deformable mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-machined membrane deformable mirrors (MMDMs) are being evaluated for their suitability as wavefront correctors at cryogenic temperatures. Presented here are experimental...

Dyson, Harold; Sharples, Ray; Dipper, N; Vdovin, Gleb

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Miniature Kinematic Mirror Mount for UHV Service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A miniature kinematic mount allows adjustment of mirror pointing inside ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) by rotating finely threaded screws outside of vacuum. The mount assembly is less than...

Havstad, Mark A; McLean, William; Lewis, Rebecca C

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

POLYMERIC MIRROR FILMS: DURABILITY IMPROVEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact Test Methods Corrosion Coating failure Edge sealing failure Mirror graying Loss of reflectivity Damp heat Outdoor exposure Abrasion Installation Windborne sand Low...

96

Experiences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experiences Experiences with 100Gbps Network Applications Mehmet Balman, Eric Pouyoul, Yushu Yao, E. Wes Bethel Burlen Loring, Prabhat, John Shalf, Alex Sim, and Brian L. Tierney Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA {mbalman,epouyoul,yyao,ewbethel,bloring,prabhat,jshalf,asim,btierney}@lbl.gov ABSTRACT 100Gbps networking has finally arrived, and many research and educational institutions have begun to deploy 100Gbps routers and services. ESnet and Internet2 worked together to make 100Gbps networks available to researchers at the Supercomputing 2011 con- ference in Seattle Washington. In this paper, we describe two of the first applications to take advantage of this network. We demon- strate a visualization application that enables remotely located sci- entists to gain insights from large datasets. We also demonstrate climate

97

Plasma debris sputter resistant x-ray mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A diamond-like carbon (DLC) mirror, used as a grazing incident mirror in a plasma x-ray source, exhibits a high resistance to plasma debris sputtering. Good mirror reflectivity at a...

Amano, Sho; Inoue, Tomoaki; Harada, Tetsuo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Cryogenic optical testing of sandwich-type silicon carbide mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental cryogenic performance of 160-mm-diameter silicon carbide (SiC) mirrors, one of which, a 700-mm-diameter mirror, is to be used as a primary mirror of the Japanese...

Kaneda, Hidehiro; Onaka, Takashi; Kawada, Mitsunobu; Murakami, Hiroshi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature Richard Rorty Philosophy and the Mir- ror of Nature hit has since gone on to be- come one of its all-time best-sellers in philosophy. Rorty argued that, repairing, and polishing the mirror-- belongs to philosophy. Rorty's book was a powerful critique

Landweber, Laura

100

LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Astronomy: Experiment in Self-Sufficiency Blossoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Through the auspices of Martin Schwarzschild of Princeton, they were able...unusually high-quality 36-inch mirror, in-tended as a backup for...never used. The loan of the mirror propelled the group to upgrade...architecture of the 36-inch mirror. In the NASA experiment for...

ALLEN L. HAMMOND

1977-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

Concentrating Solar Power: Energy from Mirrors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mirror mirror on the wall, what's the Mirror mirror on the wall, what's the greatest energy source of all? The sun. Enough energy from the sun falls on the Earth everyday to power our homes and businesses for almost 30 years. Yet we've only just begun to tap its potential. You may have heard about solar electric power to light homes or solar thermal power used to heat water, but did you know there is such a thing as solar thermal-electric power? Electric utility companies are using mirrors to concentrate heat from the sun to produce environmentally friendly electricity for cities, especially in the southwestern United States. The southwestern United States is focus- ing on concentrating solar energy because it's one of the world's best areas for sun- light. The Southwest receives up to twice the sunlight as other regions in the coun-

103

Status of BINP proton tandem accelerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of a unique 2.0 MeV, 10 mA proton tandem accelerator with vacuum insulation is presented. The accelerator is intended to be used in facilities generating resonant gamma rays for explosives detection and epithermal neutrons for boron neutron-capture therapy of brain tumors. A magnetically coupled DC voltage multiplier derived from an industrial ELV-type electron accelerator is used as a high voltage source for the accelerator. A dc high current negative ion source has been developed for injection into the tandem. In the tandem accelerator there is set of nested potential electrodes with openings which form a channel for accelerating the negative hydrogen ion beam and subsequently accelerating the proton beam after stripping in the gas target. The electrodes are connected to a high voltage feedthrough insulator to which required potentials are applied from the high voltage power supply by means of a resistor voltage divider. In the paper the first experimental results obtained with the vacuum insulated tandem accelerator are also given.

A. Burdakov; V. Davydenko; V. Dolgushin; A. Dranichnikov; A. Ivanov; J.P. Farrell; A. Khilchenko; V. Kobets; S. Konstantinov; A. Krivenko; A. Kudryavtsev; M. Tiunov; V. Savkin; V. Shirokov; I. Sorokin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Improved large-area, two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress in the development of high-efficiency, large-area, two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells is reported. Five tandem cells with total areas of {approximately}4 cm{sup 2}, with 1-sun AM0 efficiencies ranging from 19.4% to 21.1%, were prepared for the STRV-1 satellite solar cell flight experiment. Additionally, an {approximately}1 cm{sup 2} tandem cell with a 1-sun AM0 efficiency of 22.2% has been confirmed. Possible further improvements and performance potential are discussed.

Wanlass, M.W.; Ward, J.S.; Emery, K.A.; Duda, A.; Coutts, T.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

LCLS X-ray mirror measurements using a large aperture visible light interferometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synchrotron or FEL X-ray mirrors are required to deliver an X-ray beam from its source to an experiment location, without contributing significantly to wave front distortion. Accurate mirror figure measurements are required prior to installation to meet this intent. This paper describes how a 300 mm aperture phasing interferometer was calibrated to <1 nm absolute accuracy and used to mount and measure 450 mm long flats for the Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Measuring focus mirrors with an interferometer requires additional calibration, because high fringe density introduces systematic errors from the interferometer's imaging optics. This paper describes how these errors can be measured and corrected. The calibration approaches described here apply equally well to interferometers larger than 300 mm aperture, which are becoming more common in optics laboratories. The objective of this effort was to install LCLS flats with < 10 nm of spherical curvature, and < 2 nm rms a-sphere. The objective was met by measuring the mirrors after fabrication, coating and mounting, using a 300 mm aperture phasing interferometer calibrated to an accuracy < 1 nm. The key to calibrating the interferometer accurately was to sample the error using independent geometries that are available. The results of those measurements helped identify and reduce calibration error sources. The approach used to measure flats applies equally well to focus mirrors, provided an additional calibration is performed to measure the error introduced by fringe density. This calibration has been performed on the 300 mm aperture interferometer, and the measurement correction was evaluated for a typical focus mirror. The 300 mm aperture limitation requires stitching figure measurements together for many X-ray mirrors of interest, introducing another possible error source. Stitching is eliminated by applying the calibrations described above to larger aperture instruments. The authors are presently extending this work to a 600 mm instrument. Instruments with 900 mm aperture are now becoming available, which would accommodate the largest mirrors of interest.

McCarville, T; Soufli, R; Pivovaroff, M

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

106

Lenses and Mirrors for Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the design simulation of the nonimaging Fresnel lens solar concentrator was completed, we thought of the lens as being a direct competitor to the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC), which is a mirror-b...

Dr. Ralf Leutz; Dr. Akio Suzuki

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats: Basic relations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 is shown to lead to ... extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild

V. Yu. Terebizh

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

High explosives vapor detection by atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization/tandem mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combination of atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization with tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of traces of high explosives is described. Particular emphasis is placed on use of the quadrupole ion trap as the type of tandem mass spectrometer. Atmospheric sampling glow discharge provides a simple, rugged, and efficient means for anion formation while the quadrupole ion trap provides for efficient tandem mass spectrometry. Mass selective ion accumulation and non-specific ion activation methods can be used to overcome deleterious effects arising from ion/ion interactions. Such interactions constitute the major potential technical barrier to the use of the ion trap for real-time monitoring of targeted compounds in uncontrolled and highly variable matrices. Tailored waveforms can be used to effect both mass selective ion accumulation and ion activation. Concatenated tailored waveforms allow for both functions in a single experiment thereby providing the capability for monitoring several targeted species simultaneously. The combination of atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization with a state-of-the-art analytical quadrupole ion trap is a highly sensitive and specific detector for traces of high explosives. The combination is also small and inexpensive relative to virtually any other form of tandem mass spectrometry. The science and technology underlying the glow discharge/ion trap combination is sufficiently mature to form the basis for an engineering effort to make the detector portable. 85 refs.

McLuckey, S.A.; Goeringer, D.E.; Asano, K.G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Chemical and Analytical Sciences Div.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The mirror effect: Virginia Woolf's war writings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Semor Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Humanities THE MIRROR EFFECT: VIRGINIA WOOLF'S WAR WRITINGS A Senior Honors Thesis By MARCIA WILKENS MURCHISON Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships Texas Ak...

Murchison, Marcia Wilkens

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

110

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Tandem microwave waste remediation and decontamination system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention discloses a tandem microwave system consisting of a primary chamber in which microwave energy is used for the controlled combustion of materials. A second chamber is used to further treat the off-gases from the primary chamber by passage through a susceptor matrix subjected to additional microwave energy. The direct microwave radiation and elevated temperatures provide for significant reductions in the qualitative and quantitative emissions of the treated off gases. The tandem microwave system can be utilized for disinfecting wastes, sterilizing materials, and/or modifying the form of wastes to solidify organic or inorganic materials. The simple design allows on-site treatment of waste by small volume waste generators.

Wicks, George G. (North Aiken, SC); Clark, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Schulz, Rebecca L. (Gainesville, FL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Experiments on the DM to LPC tandem interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigates Kalman filtering the DN rece1ver output to provide a better input for LPC. Autoregressive coeff1cients for the filter are 1naccurate and unstable at 16 k1losamples/sec. (16 ks/s) and thus Kalman filtering is done on a rate converted 8 ks... to whiten the 16 ks/s signal. However, most of this whitening was removed when the 16 ks/s output was rate converted to 8 ks/s and the resulting filter performance was not significantly changed. Uarious Kalman structures and coeffic1ent identiflers were...

McVay, John William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

113

Neutron - Mirror Neutron Oscillations: How Fast Might They Be?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the phenomenological implications of the neutron (n) oscillation into the mirror neutron (n'), a hypothetical particle exactly degenerate in mass with the neutron but sterile to normal matter. We show that the present experimental data allow a maximal n-n' oscillation in vacuum with a characteristic time $\\tau$ much shorter than the neutron lifetime, in fact as small as 1 sec. This phenomenon may manifest in neutron disappearance and regeneration experiments perfectly accessible to present experimental capabilities and may also have interesting astrophysical consequences, in particular for the propagation of ultra high energy cosmic rays.

Zurab Berezhiani; Luis Bento

2005-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Design of a Thermal Imaging Diagnostic Using 90-Degree, Off-Axis, Parabolic Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal imaging is an important, though challenging, diagnostic for shockwave experiments. Shock-compressed materials undergo transient temperature changes that cannot be recorded with standard (greater than ms response time) infrared detectors. A further complication arises when optical elements near the experiment are destroyed. We have designed a thermal-imaging system for studying shock temperatures produced inside a gas gun at Sandia National Laboratories. Inexpensive, diamond-turned, parabolic mirrors relay an image of the shocked target to the exterior of the gas gun chamber through a sapphire vacuum port. The 3000–5000-nm portion of this image is directed to an infrared camera which acquires a snapshot of the target with a minimum exposure time of 150 ns. A special mask is inserted at the last intermediate image plane, to provide dynamic thermal background recording during the event. Other wavelength bands of this image are split into high-speed detectors operating at 900–1700 nm, and at 1700–3000 nm for timeresolved pyrometry measurements. This system incorporates 90-degree, off-axis parabolic mirrors, which can collect low f/# light over a broad spectral range, for high-speed imaging. Matched mirror pairs must be used so that aberrations cancel. To eliminate image plane tilt, proper tip-to-tip orientation of the parabolic mirrors is required. If one parabolic mirror is rotated 180 degrees about the optical axis connecting the pair of parabolic mirrors, the resulting image is tilted by 60 degrees. Different focal-length mirrors cannot be used to magnify the image without substantially sacrificing image quality. This paper analyzes performance and aberrations of this imaging diagnostic.

Malone, Robert M.; Becker, Steven A.; Dolan, Daniel H.; Hacking, Richard G.; Hickman, Randy J.; Kaufman, Morris I.; Stevens, Gerald D.; Turley, William D.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Tandem spheres in hypersonic flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of determining the forces acting on a secondary body when it is travelling at some point within the shocked region created by a hypersonic primary body is of interest in such situations as store or stage separation, re-entry of multiple vehicles, and atmospheric meteoroid fragmentation. The current work is concerned with a special case of this problem, namely that in which both bodies are spheres and are stationary with respect to one another. We first present an approximate analytical model of the problem; subsequently, numerical simulations are described and results are compared with those from the analytical model. Finally, results are presented from a series of experiments in the T5 hypervelocity shock tunnel in which a newly-developed force-measurement technique was employed.

Laurence, Stuart J [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena; Deiterding, Ralf [ORNL] [ORNL; Hornung, Hans G [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Tandem robot control system and method for controlling mobile robots in tandem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A control system for controlling mobile robots provides a way to control mobile robots, connected in tandem with coupling devices, to navigate across difficult terrain or in closed spaces. The mobile robots can be controlled cooperatively as a coupled system in linked mode or controlled individually as separate robots.

Hayward, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttz, James H. (Albuquerque, NM); Shirey, David L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Method of fabricating bifacial tandem solar cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of fabricating on a semiconductor substrate bifacial tandem solar cells with semiconductor subcells having a lower bandgap than the substrate bandgap on one side of the substrate and with subcells having a higher bandgap than the substrate on the other including, first, growing a lower bandgap subcell on one substrate side that uses only the same periodic table group V material in the dislocation-reducing grading layers and bottom subcells as is present in the substrate and after the initial growth is complete and then flipping the substrate and growing the higher bandgap subcells on the opposite substrate side which can be of different group V material.

Wojtczuk, Steven J; Chiu, Philip T; Zhang, Xuebing; Gagnon, Edward; Timmons, Michael

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

118

Mirror-based hybrids of recent design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early application of the simple axisymmetric mirror requiring intermediate performance between a neutron source for materials testing Q=Pfusion/Pinput ?0.05 and pure fusion Q>10 are the hybrid applications. The Axisymmetric Mirror has attractive features as a driver for a fusion-fission hybrid system: geometrical simplicity as well as the typical mirror features of inherently steady-state operation and natural divertors in the form of end tanks. Operation at Q?0.7 allows for relatively low electron temperatures in the range of 3 keV for the DT injection energy ? 80 keV from existing positive ion neutral beams designed for steady state. This level of physics performance has the virtue of being low risk with only modest R&D needed; and its simplicity promises economy advantages. A simple mirror with the plasma diameter of 1 m and mirror-to-mirror 2.5 T solenoid length of 40 m is discussed. Simple circular steady state superconducting coils at each end are based on 15 T technology development of the ITER central solenoid. Hybrids obtain important revenues from the sale of both electricity and fuel production or waste burning. Burning fission reactor wastes by fissioning transuranics in the hybrid will multiply fusion's neutron energy by a factor of ?10 or more and diminish the Q needed to overcome the cost of recirculating power for good economics to less than 2 and for minor actinides with multiplication over 50 to Q?0.2. Hybrids that produce fissile fuel with fissioning blankets might need Q4.

Dimitri Ryutov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - attractive small tandem Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de Tandem existantes, par l... prsent. Abstract. 2014 Activities concerned with the upgrading of final ion energies at existing Tandem Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

120

Scalable stacked array piezoelectric deformable mirror for astronomy and laser processing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype of a scalable and potentially low-cost stacked array piezoelectric deformable mirror (SA-PDM) with 35 active elements is presented in this paper. This prototype is characterized by a 2 ?m maximum actuator stroke, a 1.4 ?m mirror sag (measured for a 14 mm × 14 mm area of the unpowered SA-PDM), and a ±200 nm hysteresis error. The initial proof of concept experiments described here show that this mirror can be successfully used for shaping a high power laser beam in order to improve laser machining performance. Various beam shapes have been obtained with the SA-PDM and examples of laser machining with the shaped beams are presented.

Wlodarczyk, Krystian L., E-mail: K.L.Wlodarczyk@hw.ac.uk; Maier, Robert R. J.; Hand, Duncan P. [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Bryce, Emma; Hutson, David; Kirk, Katherine [School of Engineering and Science, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE (United Kingdom)] [School of Engineering and Science, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE (United Kingdom); Schwartz, Noah; Atkinson, David; Beard, Steven; Baillie, Tom; Parr-Burman, Phil [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)] [UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Strachan, Mel [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom) [Institute of Photonics and Quantum Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Enhanced loss of magnetic-mirror-trapped fast electrons by a shear Alfvén wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory observations of enhanced loss of magnetic mirror trapped fast electrons irradiated by a shear Alfvén Wave (SAW) are reported. The experiment is performed in the quiescent after-glow plasma in the Large Plasma Device [Gekelman et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62(12), 2875–2883 (1991)]. A trapped energetic electron population (>100?keV) is generated in a magnetic mirror section (mirror ratio???2, length?=?3.5?m) by an X-mode high power microwave pulse, and forms a hot electron ring due to the grad-B and curvature drift. SAWs of arbitrary polarization are launched externally by a Rotating Magnetic Field source (?B/B{sub 0}???0.1%, ?{sub ?}???9?m). Irradiated by a right-handed circularly polarized SAW, the loss of electrons, in both the radial and the axial direction of the mirror field, is significantly enhanced and is modulated at f{sub Alfvén}. The periodical loss continues even after the termination of the SAW. Experimental observations suggest that a spatial distortion of the ring is formed in the SAW field and creates a collective mode of the hot electron population that degrades its confinement and leads to electron loss from the magnetic mirror. The results could have implications on techniques of radiation belt remediation.

Wang, Y.; Gekelman, W.; Pribyl, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Papadopoulos, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Subcritical mirror structures in an anisotropic plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on Grad-Shafranov-like equations, a gyrotropic plasma where the pressures in the static regime are only functions of the amplitude of the local magnetic field is shown to be amenable to a variational principle with a free energy density given by the parallel tension. This approach is used to demonstrate that small- amplitude static holes constructed slightly below the mirror instability threshold identify with lump solitons of KPII equation and turn out to be unstable. It is also shown that regularizing effects such as finite Larmor radius corrections cannot be ignored in the description of large-amplitude mirror structures.

Kuznetsov, E A; Ruban, V P; Sulem, P L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Shaft Torque of a Tandem Axial-Piston Pump  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Shaft Torque of a Tandem Axial- Piston Pump Noah D. Manring Viral S. Mehta Mechanical of this study is to identify the best indexed position of two rotating groups within a tandem axial-piston pump characteristics of the pump, other vibration aspects of the machine are also expected to be reduced. In particular

Manring, Noah D.

124

Vacuum insulation tandem accelerator for B. Bayanov1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

273 Vacuum insulation tandem accelerator for NCT B. Bayanov1 , Yu. Belchenko1 , V. Belov1 , G. Fig. 1 shows the construction of vacuum insulation tandem accelerator developed at BINP, as a base accelerator with vacuum insulation. After charge- exchange of negative hydrogen ion in proton inside charge

Taskaev, Sergey Yur'evich

125

Photo Galleries | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SunShot Grand Challenge SunShot Grand Challenge Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment Photo of the Week Franklin County Courthouse (Before) Franklin County Courthouse: Before and...

126

Minimizing high spatial frequency residual in active space telescope mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trend in future space telescopes is towards large apertures and lightweight, rib-stiffened, and actively controlled deformable mirrors. These mirror architectures permit the development of segmented and deployed primary ...

Gray, Thomas, S.M. (Thomas L.) Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Flat plate solar collector with a cantilevered mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of flat booster mirrors with flat plate collectors provides moderate solar flux concentration and enhanced performance especially when the mirrors are seasonally adjusted. Curved mirrors provide higher flux concentration and a practical system has been developed where the booster mirror is bent elastically. The system employs a single cantilever mirror which is located below a conventional flat plate collector. The mirror is clamped at the base of the collector panel and its free end is deflected upward; a smaller deflection is used in the fall and winter than in the spring and summer. The prototype system consists of a 0.9 by 2.5 m collector panel mounted on its side (horizontal fluid flow) and a 2.7 by 2.5 m elastic mirror. The mirror is made with aluminum sheet with an adherent aluminized acrylic film. The system has been designed for mounting on horizontal surfaces at latitudes of 10 to 50/sup 0/.

Cohen, S.; Larson, D.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Control of a MEMS fast steering mirror for laser applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A control system for a MEMS fast steering mirror is designed and implemented to accurately steer a laser beam. This document contains a characterization of important mirror characteristics and the full analysis of an analog ...

Lane, Joseph Kerivan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

An Advanced Fast Steering Mirror for optical communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe in this thesis the design, fabrication, assembly, and testing of an Advanced Fast Steering Mirror (AFSM) for precision optical platforms. The AFSM consists of a mirror driven in two rotational axes by normal ...

Kluk, Daniel Joseph

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Novel neutron focusing mirrors for compact neutron sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrated neutron beam focusing and neutron imaging using axisymmetric optics, based on pairs of confocal ellipsoid and hyperboloid mirrors. Such systems, known as Wolter mirrors, are commonly used in x-ray telescopes. ...

Gubarev, M.V.

131

Three-Mirror Anastigmat Telescope with an Unvignetted Flat Focal Plane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......anastigmat with a two-mirror system except for some special cases (Schwarzschild 1905; Burch 1947). 3. Three-Mirror System In our three-mirror...Academic Press). Schwarzschild K. 1905, Investigations...Optics II, Theory of Mirror Telescopes, English......

Kyoji Nariai; Masanori Iye

2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

132

THE ARGUS EXPERIMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...first experiment which occurred to me stemmed out of my main field of endeavor in the last five years, namely, the Astron thermonuclear device. In this device it is contemplated to establish a cylindrical layer of relativistic electrons between two mirror...

N. C. Christofilos

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Solid State Replacement of Rotating Mirror Cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rotating mirror cameras have been the mainstay of mega-frame per second imaging for decades. There is still no electronic camera that can match a film based rotary mirror camera for the combination of frame count, speed, resolution and dynamic range. The rotary mirror cameras are predominantly used in the range of 0.1 to 100 micro-seconds per frame, for 25 to more than a hundred frames. Electron tube gated cameras dominate the sub microsecond regime but are frame count limited. Video cameras are pushing into the microsecond regime but are resolution limited by the high data rates. An all solid state architecture, dubbed ''In-situ Storage Image Sensor'' or ''ISIS'', by Prof. Goji Etoh, has made its first appearance into the market and its evaluation is discussed. Recent work at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has concentrated both on evaluation of the presently available technologies and exploring the capabilities of the ISIS architecture. It is clear though there is presently no single chip camera that can simultaneously match the rotary mirror cameras, the ISIS architecture has the potential to approach their performance.

Frank, A M; Bartolick, J M

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

134

Mirroring and the development of action understanding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...seems possible that motor processes could be involved in the prospective...understanding the developmental processes that shape the mirror neuron...require understanding the interrelated neural systems at work in...infants engage these same processes in making sense of others...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Radiation by Moving Mirrors in Curved Space-Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......theory in the presence of a mirror in a curved two-dimensional...change of acceleration of the mirror is independent of the state...comoving flux emitted by a mirror lowered in a static gravitational...Theory in Two-Dimensional Schwarzschild-de Sitter Spacetime. II......

Adrian Ottewill; Shin Takagi

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Few Observations about Mounting Moderately Sized Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the mirror mounting literature has focused on small (less than 0.1 meters) or large (greater than 1 meter) mirrors. We will examine the theory and practice of mounting moderately sized mirrors (between 0.1 and 1 meter). Two examples will be taken from optical diagnostic systems designed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF). In both cases the mirrors were removable (not bonded in place). One of the examples will be for a mirror with a poor aspect ratio (i.e. diameter to thickness ratio greater than 15:1).

Kaufman, M. I.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Magnetic mirror fusion-fission early history and applicability to other systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the mid 1970s to mid 1980s the mirror program was stuck with a concept, the Standard Mirror that was Q {approx} 1 where Q=P{sub fusion}/P{sub injection}. Heroic efforts were put into hybridizing thinking added energy and fuel sales would make a commercial product. At the same time the tokamak was thought to allow ignition and ultrahigh Q values of 20 or even higher. There was an effort to use neutral beams to drive the tokamak just like the mirror machines were driven in which case the Q value plunged to a few, however this was thought to be achievable decades earlier than the high Q versions. Meanwhile current drive and other features of the tokamak have seen the projected Q values come down to the range of 10. Meanwhile the mirror program got Q enhancement into high gear and various tandem mirrors projected Q values up towards 10 and with advanced features over 10 with axi-symmetric magnets (See R. F. Post papers), however the experimental program is all but non-existent. Meanwhile, the gas dynamic trap mirror system which is present day state-of-the-art can with low risk produce Q of {approx}0.1 useful for a low risk, low cost neutron source for materials development useful for the development of materials for all fusion concepts (see Simonen white paper: 'A Physics-Based Strategy to Develop a Mirror Fusion-Fission Hybrid' and D.D. Ryutov, 'Axisymmetric MHD-stable mirror as a neutron source and a driver for a fusion-fission hybrid'). Many early hybrid designs with multi-disciplinary teams were carried out in great detail for the mirror system with its axi-symmetric blanket modules. It is recognized that most of these designs are adaptable to tokamak or inertial fusion geometry. When Q is low (1 to 2) economics gives a large economic penalty for high recirculating power. These early studies covered the three design types: Power production, fuel production and waste burning. All three had their place but power production fell away because every study showed fusion machines that were extensively studied by multidisciplinary teams came up with power costs much higher than for existing fission plants except in very large sizes (3 GWe). There was lots of work on waste burning - Ted Parrish - comes to mind. However, fuel production along with power production became nearly everyone's goals. First, fast-fission blankets were favored but later to enhance safety, fission-suppressed blankets came into vogue. Both fuel producing and waste burning hybrid studies were terminated with the advent of accidents, high interest rates, rising 'green like' movement and cheap natural gas for power production. For waste burning and fast-fission fuel producing designs, the blanket energy multiplication was about 10 and economics was OK relative to recirculating power for Q over 2. For fission-suppressed fuel producers, where the blanket multiplication is under 2, the Q needed was over 5. In the mirror program we came at this problem by trying to find a product for mirror fusion technology. We hoped we had a product and studied and promoted it. There was no market pull and when the mirror program collapsed in the US, so did both hybrid programs for mirrors and tokamaks and IFE by the mid 1980s. Today, the problem of what to do with wastes that were supposed to be accepted by the government appears to be a high value market pull. It remains to be shown if fusion neutrons can be generated at low enough cost so that economics will not be a showstopper. For burning only the minor actinides, the economics will be the most favorable. Burning the Pu as well will lower the number of fission reactors supported by each burner fusion machine and hurt economics of the system. The fuel-producing role of fusion to fuel fission reactors remains an important possible use of fusion especially in the early stages of fusion development. It is not clear that burning fission wastes in a fusion machine is more appropriate than burning these wastes in specially designed fission machines. Fusion can produce U-233 along with over 2.4%U-232 making the material large

Moir, R

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

138

Applying Alpha-Channeling to Mirror Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ?-channeling effect entails the use of radio-frequency waves to expel and cool high-energetic ?- particles born in a fusion reactor; the device reactivity can then be increased even further by redirecting the extracted energy to fuel ions. Originally proposed for tokamaks, this technique has also been shown to benefi t open-ended fusion devices. Here, the fundamental theory and practical aspects of ?- channeling in mirror machines are reviewed, including the influence of magnetic field inhomogeneity and the effect of a finite wave region on the ?-channeling mechanism. For practical implementation of the ? -channeling effect in mirror geometry, suitable contained weakly-damped modes are identifi ed. In addition, the parameter space of candidate waves for implementing the ? -channeling effect can be signi cantly extended through the introduction of a suitable minority ion species that has the catalytic effect of moderating the transfer of power from the ?-channeling wave to the fuel ions.

A.I. Zhmoginov and N.J. Fisch

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

139

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats. Basic relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 leads to the unified description both the prefocal and the postfocal systems. The class of surfaces in the ZEMAX optical program has been properly extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild aplanats with approximate Ritchey-Chretien and Gregory-Maksutov aplanatic telescopes reveals a noticeable advantage of the former at fast focal ratio of the system.

Terebizh, V Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Two-mirror Schwarzschild aplanats. Basic relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the theory of aplanatic two-mirror telescopes developed by Karl Schwarzschild in 1905 leads to the unified description both the prefocal and the postfocal systems. The class of surfaces in the ZEMAX optical program has been properly extended to ascertain the image quality in exact Schwarzschild aplanats. A comparison of Schwarzschild aplanats with approximate Ritchey-Chretien and Gregory-Maksutov aplanatic telescopes reveals a noticeable advantage of the former at fast focal ratio of the system.

V. Yu. Terebizh

2005-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Putting together the full solar tandem cell | Center for Bio...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Putting together the full solar tandem cell 24 Oct 2012 Ben Sherman is a graduate student working in the Gust-Moore-Moore...

142

Physics and technologies of superhigh-efficiency tandem solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present status of superhigh-efficiency tandem solar cells has been reviewed and the key issues for realizing superhigh-efficiency have been discussed. The mechanical, stacked, three-junction cells of monol...

M. Yamaguchi

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

VOLUME 76, NUMBER 1 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 1 JANUARY 1996 First Study of Heavy-Ion Mirror Charge Exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are nuclear reaction studies with mirror nuclear pairs, since only one member of a mirror pair can be stable accessible excitation energy range. Charge-exchange p, n reactions at energies above 100 MeV have long been, since they involve the detection of rather low-energy neutrons. Furthermore, experiments in the b1

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

144

Optical analysis of an ultra-high resolution two-mirror soft x-ray microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Promoted by the successful application of multilayer coated optics in soft x-ray imaging experiments in solar physics and projection lithography, several groups have designed, analyzed, fabricated, and are testing Schwarzschild multilayer soft x-ray microscopes. Simulations have indicated that diffraction limited performance of a spherical Schwarzschild microscope operating near 100 Å will be limited to systems with a small numerical aperture of approximately 0.15 and a corresponding resolution, based on the Rayleigh criterion, of 3.3 times the wavelength of the incident radiation. In principle, a two aspherical mirror Head microscope, which satisfies the constant optical path length condition and the Abbé sine condition, should achieve diffraction limited performance for very large numerical apertures. For a practical soft x-ray microscope, surface contour errors, microroughness, reflectance of multilayer coatings, and variation of the angle of incidence over the multilayer substrates become significant factors in degrading system resolution and must be controlled before an ultra-high resolution, two-mirror microscope will be realized. For a 30x reflecting microscope with a numerical aperture ranging from 0.15 to 0.35, the effects on resolution of surface contour errors, tilts, and misalignments of the optics have been studied. Graded spacing of the multilayer coatings on the mirror substrates are required of a fast, two-mirror microscope.

David L. Shealy; Cheng Wang; Richard B. Hoover

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Neutron to mirror-neutron oscillations in the presence of mirror magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed ultracold neutron storage measurements to search for additional losses due to neutron (n) to mirror-neutron (n?) oscillations as a function of an applied magnetic field B. In the presence of a mirror magnetic field B?, ultracold neutron losses would be maximal for B?B?. We did not observe any indication for nn? oscillations and placed a lower limit on the oscillation time of ?nn?>12.0??s at 95% C.L. for any B? between 0 and 12.5???T.

I. Altarev et al.

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

146

Production of large-radius, high-beta, confined mirror plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports results of experiments in which mirror-confined plasmas with radii as high as 7 ion gyro-radii are produced and maintained by neutral-beam injection. In these plasmas, betas as high as 0.45 were achieved and limited only by the available neutral-beam power. Electron temperature and ion-energy confinement increased with larger plasma size.

D.L. Correll; J.H. Clauser; F.H. Coensgen; W.F. Cummins; R.P. Drake; J.H. Foote; A.H. Futch; R.K. Goodman; D.P. Grubb; G.M. Melin; W.E. Nexsen; T.C. Simonen; B.W. Stallard; W.C. Turner

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion Mirror Film Company Has 'Concentrated' Plans for Expansion September 10, 2010 - 1:19pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers In concentrating solar power, glass is king-but it's fighting to hold on to its crown. The reflectivity of glass mirrors makes them a great choice for focusing sunlight onto a heat generator. However, the glass mirrors can be expensive and heavy -- reducing their ability to compete with conventional energy sources. ReflecTech Inc. has an option: a silvered polymer-based film that does the same job, but with half the weight and cost. Using that film, the company can make 100,000 square feet of mirror panels per year at its factory in Arvada, Colo. Through an Advanced Manufacturing 48C tax credit through the Recovery Act,

148

Neutron-Mirror-Neutron Oscillations in a Trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the rate of neutron-mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov; O. Lychkovskiy

2008-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

149

Neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations in a trap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the rate of neutron–mirror-neutron oscillations for ultracold neutrons trapped in a storage vessel. Recent experimental bounds on the oscillation time are discussed.

B. Kerbikov and O. Lychkovskiy

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

150

Super-Gaussian mirror for high-field-seeking molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A matter wave mirror using a single, pulsed, super-Gaussian (SG) optical beam for specular reflection of neutral ground-state molecules is studied. The mirror has a high reflectivity close to 100% and nearly perfect specular reflection over a large incident angle. This mirror avoids the usual problems due to surface roughness and the van der Waals interactions that occur in conventional atomic mirrors. Further, it is capable of reflectance and transmittance with applications to velocity filtering and deceleration of cold molecules.

Dong Guangjiong; Edvadsson, Sverker [Electronic Division, ITM, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall (Sweden); Lu Weiping; Barker, P.F. [Physics Department, School of Engineering and Physical Science, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Elliptically Bent X-ray Mirrors with Active Temperature Stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stabilization based on a Peltier element attached directlyof the mirror with a Peltier element attached directly tostabilization based on a Peltier element have shown a

Yuan, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Elliptically Bent X-ray Mirrors with Active Temperature Stabilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present details of design of elliptically bent Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors developed and successfully used at the Advanced Light Source for submicron focusing. A distinctive feature of the mirror design is an active temperature stabilization based on a Peltier element attached directly to the mirror body. The design and materials have been carefully optimized to provide high heat conductance between the mirror body and substrate. We describe the experimental procedures used when assembling and precisely shaping the mirrors, with special attention paid to laboratory testing of the mirror-temperature stabilization. For this purpose, the temperature dependence of the surface slope profile of a specially fabricated test mirror placed inside a temperature-controlled container was measured. We demonstrate that with active mirror-temperature stabilization, a change of the surrounding temperature by more than 3K does not noticeably affect the mirror figure. Without temperature stabilization, the surface slope changes by approximately 1.5 ?mu rad rms (primarily defocus) under the same conditions.

Yuan, Sheng; Church, Matthew; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Celestre, Rich; McKinney, Wayne R.; Kirschman, Jonathan; Morrison, Greg; Noll, Tino; Warwick, Tony; Padmore, Howard A.

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

Using the Uncharged Kerr Black Hole as a Gravitational Mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We extend the study of the possible use of the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an...

Claes R. Cramer

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas Bifano, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas stroke of a deformable mirror. By arranging for the wavefront to traverse the deformable mirror more than to produce lower- cost mirrors. Unfortunately, most commercial MEMS mirrors have only a limited stroke

155

Wave-Driven Rotation In Centrifugal Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Centrifugal mirrors use supersonic rotation to provide axial confinement and enhanced stability. Usually the rotation is produced using electrodes, but these electrodes have limited the rotation to the Alfven critical ionization velocity, which is too slow to be useful for fusion. Instead, the rotation could be produced using radio frequency waves. A fixed azimuthal ripple is a simple and efficient wave that could produce rotation by harnessing alpha particle energy. This is an extension of the alpha channeling effect. The alpha particle power and efficiency in a simulated devices is sufficient to produce rotation without external energy input. By eliminating the need for electrodes, this opens new opportunities for centrifugal traps.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

156

Optical evaluation of heliostat mirrors using caustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar thermal power generation is based on the concept of concentrating solar radiation to provide high temperature heat for electricity generation via conventional power cycles. The high relative cost of optical subsystems necessitates a careful study of their components. Solar collector fields are typically modeled by ray-tracing or convolution methods; however no general method is available for engineering analysis. We propose the use of caustics to predict the image of the sun reflected by an arbitrary mirror of focal length F and aperture a on a target. The mirror surface is described parametrically by a quadric and placed at a distance L from the target on a heliostat. The method of caustics was validated against SolTRACE a ray-tracing code developed by U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratories . We show that there is a value of a F which depends on a L for which the incident average energy flux to the target reaches a maximum. The method of caustics allows the efficient computation of the image on an arbitrary target surface and obviates many of the difficulties with ray-tracing methods.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Results of TMX operations: January-July 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This interim report summarizes results from the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) during the period January to July 1980 and describes the physics experiments, the machine operation, and the diagnostics that were added to TMX during this period. This operating period followed the initial proof-of-principle TMX experiments and predated the ongoing final experiments preceding TMX shutdown for modification to TMX Upgrade. The results described in this report include measurements of plasma parameters and plasma behavior which confirm the initial TMX results that demonstrated that the tandem mirror configuration can be generated and sustained by neutral beam injection and that the tandem mirror configuration improves confinement of magnetic mirror systems.

Correll, D.L.; Drake, R.P. (eds.)

1980-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

158

Excitons in a mirror: Formation of “optical bilayers” using MoS{sub 2} monolayers on gold substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report coupling of excitons in monolayers of molybdenum disulphide to their mirror image in an underlying gold substrate. Excitons at the direct band gap are little affected by the substrate whereas strongly bound C-excitons associated with a van-Hove singularity change drastically. On quartz substrates only one C-exciton is visible (in the blue) but on gold substrates a strong red-shifted extra resonance in the green is seen. Exciton coupling to its image leads to formation of a “mirror biexciton” with enhanced binding energy. Estimates of this energy shift in an emitter-gold system match experiments well. The absorption spectrum of MoS{sub 2} on gold thus resembles a bilayer of MoS{sub 2} which has been created by optical coupling. Additional top-mirrors produce an “optical bulk.”.

Mertens, Jan; Baumberg, Jeremy J., E-mail: jjb12@cam.ac.uk [Nanophotonics Centre, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Shi, Yumeng; Yang, Hui Ying, E-mail: yanghuiying@sutd.edu.sg [Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); Molina-Sánchez, Alejandro; Wirtz, Ludger [Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, University of Luxembourg, L-1511 Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

159

Exact optics – V. Null tests for the mirrors of Schwarzschild's spectrograph camera  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......V. Null tests for the mirrors of Schwarzschild's spectrograph camera...lies behind the primary mirror, exactly as Schwarzschild found a century ago...eccentricities of the mirrors of Schwarzschild's original design should......

R. V. Willstrop

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces July 18, 2011 - 2:45pm View(active tab) Edit Workflow Addthis A unique new bilayer nanocatalyst system. | Image courtesy of Yang group A unique new bilayer nanocatalyst system. | Image courtesy of Yang group What does this mean for me? A prime example of these applications is artificial photosynthesis -- the effort to capture energy from the sun and transform it into electricity or chemical fuels. Catalysts (substances that speed up the rates of chemical reactions without themselves being chemically changed) are used to initiate virtually every industrial manufacturing process that involves chemistry. With the advent of nano-sized catalysts, metal and metal oxide catalysts have surged in

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161

MEASUREMENT OF MIRROR PANELS USING COLOURED PATTERN DEFLECTOMETRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and parabolic dish solar concentrators. Factory production of mirror panels also requires accurate measurementsMEASUREMENT OF MIRROR PANELS USING COLOURED PATTERN DEFLECTOMETRY Paul M. Scott1 , and Greg Burgess2 1 Research Assistant, Solar Thermal Group, Australian National University (ANU), Building 32 North

162

Mirror Mode Structures in the Solar Wind: STEREO Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror Mode Structures in the Solar Wind: STEREO Observations O. Enríquez-Rivera1 , X. Blanco-Cano1 Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, D.F., 04510, MEXICO 2. Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract. Mirror mode structures occur in the solar wind either

California at Berkeley, University of

163

Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields by Ramesh Gopalan A.B. (University: Chair Date Date Date University of California at Berkeley 1998 #12;Studies of Cryogenic Electron Plasmas in Magnetic Mirror Fields Copyright 1998 by Ramesh Gopalan #12;1 Abstract Studies of Cryogenic Electron

Fajans, Joel

164

Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

Lee, Jong-Seo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

THORIUM-BASED MIRRORS IN THE EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET Nicole Farnsworth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THORIUM-BASED MIRRORS IN THE EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET by Nicole Farnsworth Submitted to Brigham Young Ultraviolet and Thorium-based Mirrors . . . 1 1.2 Project Background the Optical Constants of Thorium Oxide 34 3.1 Reflectance and Transmittance Measurements

Hart, Gus

166

Analysis and estimation of the threshold for a microwave "pellicle mirror" parametric oscillator, via energy conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experiment is proposed to observe the dynamical Casimir effect by means of two tandem, high Q, superconducting microwave cavities, which are separated from each other by only a very thin wall consisting of a flexible superconducting membrane that can be driven into motion by means of resonant "pump" microwaves injected into the left cavity. Degenerate "signal" and "idler" microwave signals can then be generated by the exponential amplification of vacuum fluctuations in the initially empty right cavity, above a certain threshold. The purpose of this paper is calculate the threshold for this novel kind of opto-mechanical parametric oscillation, using energy considerations.

Chiao, Raymond Y

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Photothermal and thermo-refractive effects in high reflectivity mirrors at room and cryogenic temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing requirements in the sensitivity of interferometric measurements is a common feature of several research fields, from gravitational wave detection to quantum optics. This motivates refined studies of high reflectivity mirrors and of noise sources that are tightly related to their structure. In this work we present an experimental characterization of photothermal and thermo-refractive effects in high reflectivity mirrors, i.e., of the variations in the position of their effective reflection plane due to weak residual power absorption. The measurements are performed by modulating the impinging power in the range 10 Hz $\\div$ 100 kHz. The experimental results are compared with an expressly derived theoretical model in order to fully understand the phenomena and exploit them to extract useful effective thermo-mechanical parameters of the coating. The measurements are extended at cryogenic temperature, where most high sensitivity experiments are performed (or planned in future versions) and where characterizations of dielectric film coatings are still poor.

Alessandro Farsi; Mario Siciliani de Cumis; Francesco Marino; Francesco Marin

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

168

Nonlinear ion-cyclotron waves in mirror machines. Paper IAEA-CN-38/S-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental results on ion-cyclotron waves observed in the 2XIIB mirror machine are reviewed, and relevant theoretical work is discussed. The work reported generally substantiates the quasilinear diffusion model of mirror-plasma confinement, but also suggests alternatives. The end-loss current required by theory of the drift-cyclotron loss-cone (DCLC) instability agrees with measurements of this current. The experiment indicates that an increased ratio of plasma radius to ion gyroradius improves plasma confinement. However, measurements sometimes show a second ion-cyclotron mode, which is not the DCLC mode. Theoretical work on loss-cone instabilities has concentrated on linear, quasilinear, and fully nonlinear models of increased sophistication and experimental applicability.

Cohen, B.I.; Smith, G.R.; Berk, H.L.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - affinity capture tandem Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

capture tandem Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: affinity capture tandem Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 J Inherit Metab Dis (2006)...

170

Tandem Mass Spectrometry identifies many mouse brain O-GlcNAcylated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tandem Mass Spectrometry identifies many mouse brain O-GlcNAcylated proteins including EGF domain-specific O-GlcNAc transferase Tandem Mass Spectrometry identifies many mouse brain...

171

Compact Reflective Imaging Spectrometer Design Utilizing An Immersed Grating And Anamorphic Mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit, an anamorphic mirror, a grating, and a detector array. The entrance slit directs light to the anamorphic mirror. The anamorphic mirror receives the light and directs the light to the grating. The grating receives the light from the anamorphic mirror and defracts the light back onto the anamorphic mirror. The anamorphic mirror focuses the light onto a detector array.

Lerner, Scott A. (Corvalis, OR)

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

172

Background-reducing X-ray multilayer mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Background-reducing x-ray multilayer mirror. A multiple-layer "wavetrap" deposited over the surface of a layered, synthetic-microstructure soft x-ray mirror optimized for reflectivity at chosen wavelengths is disclosed for reducing the reflectivity of undesired, longer wavelength incident radiation incident thereon. In three separate mirror designs employing an alternating molybdenum and silicon layered, mirrored structure overlaid by two layers of a molybdenum/silicon pair anti-reflection coating, reflectivities of near normal incidence 133, 171, and 186 .ANG. wavelengths have been optimized, while that at 304 .ANG. has been minimized. The optimization process involves the choice of materials, the composition of the layer/pairs as well as the number thereof, and the distance therebetween for the mirror, and the simultaneous choice of materials, the composition of the layer/pairs, and their number and distance for the "wavetrap."

Bloch, Jeffrey J. (Los Alamos, NM); Roussel-Dupre', Diane (Los Alamos, NM); Smith, Barham W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Technology Institute (GTI), in partnership with Dennis Tool Company (DTC), has worked to develop an advanced drill bit system to be used with microhole drilling assemblies. One of the main objectives of this project was to utilize new and existing coiled tubing and slimhole drilling technologies to develop Microhole Technology (MHT) so as to make significant reductions in the cost of E&P down to 5000 feet in wellbores as small as 3.5 inches in diameter. This new technology was developed to work toward the DOE's goal of enabling domestic shallow oil and gas wells to be drilled inexpensively compared to wells drilled utilizing conventional drilling practices. Overall drilling costs can be lowered by drilling a well as quickly as possible. For this reason, a high drilling rate of penetration is always desired. In general, high drilling rates of penetration (ROP) can be achieved by increasing the weight on bit and increasing the rotary speed of the bit. As the weight on bit is increased, the cutting inserts penetrate deeper into the rock, resulting in a deeper depth of cut. As the depth of cut increases, the amount of torque required to turn the bit also increases. The Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System (CRTMDS) was planned to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) resulting in the reduction of the drilling cost. The system includes two counter-rotating cutter systems to reduce or eliminate the reactive torque the drillpipe or coiled tubing must resist. This would allow the application of maximum weight-on-bit and rotational velocities that a coiled tubing drilling unit is capable of delivering. Several variations of the CRTDMS were designed, manufactured and tested. The original tests failed leading to design modifications. Two versions of the modified system were tested and showed that the concept is both positive and practical; however, the tests showed that for the system to be robust and durable, borehole diameter should be substantially larger than that of slim holes. As a result, the research team decided to complete the project, document the tested designs and seek further support for the concept outside of the DOE.

Kent Perry

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Folded reflective tandem polymer solar cell doubles efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conjugated polymers are promising materials for the production of inexpensive and flexible photovoltaic cells. Organic materials display tunable optical absorption within a large spectral range. This enables the construction of organic tandem photovoltaic cells. The authors here demonstrate a reflective tandem cell where single cells are reflecting the nonabsorbed light upon another adjacent cell. By folding two planar but spectrally different cells toward each other spectral broadening and light trapping are combined to give an enhancement of power conversion efficiency of a factor of 1.8 ± 0.3 .

Kristofer Tvingstedt; Viktor Andersson; Fengling Zhang; Olle Inganäs

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1291 NORTH-AMERICAN MP TANDEM ACCELERATORS H. E. WEGNER and P. THIEBERGER (*) Brookhaven National elles. Abstract. 2014 The North-American MP Tandem accelerators are six in number. Serial § 1. Yale; § 2 characteristics of these six tandem accelerators will be discussed in the order of their serial numbers. Upgrade

Boyer, Edmond

176

Assessment of hot-electron microstability in the initial TMX-U experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the initial TMX-U experiments, we investigated the sloshing-ion and hot-electron distributions. We require these components to ultimately construct a thermal barrier for improved tandem mirror confinement. The plasma parameters we achieved approach values required for thermal barrier operation but have been limited by the power available. This report is concerned with the stability of the hot electron distribution formed. Nonthermal microwave emissions near the electron-cyclotron frequency f/sub ce/ of the minimum end-cell magnetic field indicate the presence of electron microinstabilities, which we have tentatively identified by their frequencies. We observed the upper-hybrid loss-cone mode (f/f/sub ce/ approx. 1.1) during high density operation with a relatively small fraction of hot electrons. At lower density operation with a higher hot electron fraction, we observed emissions consistent with the whistler instability. During emission bursts at 12.5 GHz (f/f/sub ce/ approx. 0.9) we observed a rapid rise in the high frequency thermal emissions, indicating a spreading of the distribution. Some of the more violent bursts are correlated with enhanced end loss currents.

Casper, T.A.; Chen, Y.J.; Ellis, R.; James, R.; Lasnier, C.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Gasdynamic Mirror Fusion Propulsion System -- Revisited  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many of the previous studies assessing the capability of the gasdynamic mirror (GDM) fusion propulsion system employed analyses that ignored the 'ambipolar' potential. This electrostatic potential arises as a result of the rapid escape of the electrons due to their small mass. As they escape, they leave behind an excess positive charge which manifests itself in an electric field that slows down the electrons while speeding up the ions until their respective axial diffusions are equalized. The indirect effect on the ions is that their confinement time is reduced relative to that of zero potential, and hence the plasma length must be increased to accommodate that change. But as they emerge from the thruster mirror - which serves as a magnetic nozzle - the ions acquire an added energy equal to that of the potential energy, and that in turn manifests itself in increased specific impulse and thrust. We assess the propulsive performance of the GDM thruster, based on the more rigorous theory, by applying it to a round trip Mars mission employing a continuous burn acceleration/deceleration type of trajectory. We find that the length of the device and travel time decrease with increasing plasma density, while the total vehicle mass reaches a minimum at a plasma density of 3 x 1016 cm-3. At such a density, and an initial DT ion temperature of 10 keV, a travel time of 60 days is found to be achievable at GDM propulsion parameters of about 200,000 seconds of specific impulse and approximately 47 kN of thrust.

Kammash, Terry [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Tang, Ricky [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University Michigan, 1320 Beal Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

179

Ultra-Thin, Triple-Bandgap GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of state-of-the-art, series-connected, lattice-matched (LM), triple-junction (TJ), III-V tandem solar cells could be improved substantially (10-12%) by replacing the Ge bottom subcell with a subcell having a bandgap of {approx}1 eV. For the last several years, research has been conducted by a number of organizations to develop {approx}1-eV, LM GaInAsN to provide such a subcell, but, so far, the approach has proven unsuccessful. Thus, the need for a high-performance, monolithically integrable, 1-eV subcell for TJ tandems has remained. In this paper, we present a new TJ tandem cell design that addresses the above-mentioned problem. Our approach involves inverted epitaxial growth to allow the monolithic integration of a lattice-mismatched (LMM) {approx}1-eV GaInAs/GaInP double-heterostructure (DH) bottom subcell with LM GaAs (middle) and GaInP (top) upper subcells. A transparent GaInP compositionally graded layer facilitates the integration of the LM and LMM components. Handle-mounted, ultra-thin device fabrication is a natural consequence of the inverted-structure approach, which results in a number of advantages, including robustness, potential low cost, improved thermal management, incorporation of back-surface reflectors, and possible reclamation/reuse of the parent crystalline substrate for further cost reduction. Our initial work has concerned GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cells grown on GaAs substrates. In this case, the 1-eV GaInAs experiences 2.2% compressive LMM with respect to the substrate. Specially designed GaInP graded layers are used to produce 1-eV subcells with performance parameters nearly equaling those of LM devices with the same bandgap (e.g., LM, 1-eV GaInAsP grown on InP). Previously, we reported preliminary ultra-thin tandem devices (0.237 cm{sup 2}) with NREL-confirmed efficiencies of 31.3% (global spectrum, one sun) (1), 29.7% (AM0 spectrum, one sun) (2), and 37.9% (low-AOD direct spectrum, 10.1 suns) (3), all at 25 C. Here, we include recent results of testing similar devices under the concentrated AMO spectrum, and also present the first demonstration of a high-efficiency, ultra-thin GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell processed on a flexible kapton handle.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimal Light Beams and Mirror Shapes for Future LIGO Interferometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of a recent search for the lowest value of thermal noise that can be achieved in LIGO by changing the shape of mirrors, while fixing the mirror radius and maintaining a low diffractional loss. The result of this minimization is a beam with thermal noise a factor of 2.32 (in power) lower than previously considered Mesa Beams and a factor of 5.45 (in power) lower than the Gaussian beams employed in the current baseline design. Mirrors that confine these beams have been found to be roughly conical in shape, with an average slope approximately equal to the mirror radius divided by arm length, and with mild corrections varying at the Fresnel scale. Such a mirror system, if built, would impact the sensitivity of LIGO, increasing the event rate of observing gravitational waves in the frequency range of maximum sensitivity roughly by a factor of three compared to an Advanced LIGO using Mesa beams (assuming all other noises remain unchanged). We discuss the resulting beam and mirror properties and study requirements on mirror tilt, displacement and figure error, in order for this beam to be used in LIGO detectors.

Mihai Bondarescu; Oleg Kogan; Yanbei Chen

2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Evaluation of histone sequence and modifications by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The histones, together with other specialized proteins and DNA, form the extraordinarily complex structure of chromatin. Electrospray ionization (ESI) permits the promotion of such protein species into the gas phase as intact, multiply charged molecular species. Mass spectrometry (MS), using a linear quadrupole mass filter, permits measurement of the relative molecular mass of these intact species with precision and accuracy. The latter are sufficient to evaluate variations in the primary structure of the histones and the type and extent of the natural and induced multiple covalent modifications. The locations of modifications are revealed by tandem mass spectrometry using tandem linear quadrupole or ion trap instruments on the intact species or the modified peptides derived by selective proteolysis. Experiments in applying this technique to histones from K562, a human-derived cell line, have demonstrated variations in the profile of modification through the normal cell cycle and in the presence of agents that inhibit enzymes responsible for reversal of the modification. The authors are currently testing the hypothesis that ESI-MS will permit the sensitive and selective identification of insult-induced modifications, distinguishing them from natural cell-cycle changes. This will be possible because ESI-MS reveals the full details of the profile of multiple posttranslational modifications of histones.

Edmonds, C.G.; Loo, J.A.; Smith, R.D.; Fuciarelli, A.F.; Thrall, B.D.; Morris, J.E.; Springer, D.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Mobile-mirror concentrators for solar thermal power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seven central-receiver, solar-thermal power plants with heliostat concentrators have been built around the world in the last two decades. This technology has proven to be much too expensive for commercial power plants and efforts to reduce the cost have reached an impasse. It is the nature of the solar concentrators which makes it so expensive. There are two types of concentrators: those, called heliostats, with mirrors on stationary supports, and those with mirrors on mobile supports. Mobile mirrors are potentially much cheaper than heliostats.

Ratliff, G. [Ratliff (George), Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Very highenergy ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ``Gamma Ray Astronomy at ALmerâ??�a'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat­mirrors with a total mirror area of an existing tower solar­power plant for this purpose. 2 The GRAAL detector CESA­1 is a heliostat field, 2 Ã? .360 W) at a height a.s.l. of 505 m. The 63 heliostats used for GRAAL have a mirror area of 39

184

Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future? Is There a Switchable Mirror in Your Future? Speaker(s): Thomas Richardson Date: February 10, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Electrochromic devices (switchable mirrors) that exhibit large dynamic ranges for reflectance in the visible and infrared regimes can now be made using a variety of materials. Devices incorporating these films can be used to improve energy efficiency in buildings and vehicles by controlling the flow of heat not only through windows and skylights, but also through opaque roof and wall panels. Switchable mirrors based on three completely different chemical reactions have been developed at LBNL. The best known example utilizes conversion of a thin metal film to an insulating and transparent metal hydride by either direct exposure to hydrogen gas

185

Lightweight diaphragm mirror module system for solar collectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mirror module system is provided for accurately focusing solar radiation on a point or a line as defined by an array of solar collectors. Each mirror module includes a flexible membrane stretched over a frame in a manner similar to that of a drum or a trampoline and further includes a silvered glass or plastic mirror for forming an optical reflecting surface. The configuration of the optical reflecting surface is variably adjustable to provide for the accurate focusing of the solar energy on a given collector array, e.g., a point or a linear array arrangement. The flexible mirror-membrane combination is lightweight to facilitate installation and reduce system cost yet structurally strong enough to provide for the precise focusing of the incident solar radiation in a semi-rigid reflector system in which unwanted reflector displacement is minimized.

Butler, B.L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Mirror-Image Argument: An Additional Reply to Johansson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In previous work we have defended a version of the deprivation theory of death’s badness. (e.g., Brueckner and Fischer 1986) Part of our defense involves a reply to Lucretius’ “Mirror-Image Argument”. Lucretius p...

John Martin Fischer; Anthony Brueckner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Use of Genetic Algorithms in Multilayer Mirror Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Use of Genetic Algorithms in Multilayer Mirror Optimization by Shannon Lunt March 1999.3 Optimization Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.3.1 Local Optimizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.3.2 Global Optimizers

Hart, Gus

188

EUV damage threshold measurements of Mo/Si multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An EUV Schwarzschild objective consisting of two spherical, annular mirror substrates coated with Mo/Si multilayers (reflectivity...R?0.65@13.5 nm) provides high EUV fluences [13]. The incidence angles on the sam...

Matthias Müller; Frank Barkusky; Torsten Feigl; Klaus Mann

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

History of mirror casting, figuring, segmentation and active optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The accurate general figures for the mirrors with which one could achieve the optimum ... the beginning of the twentieth century by Karl Schwarzschild. A first design for a reflecting telescope ... dispersing len...

Lothar Noethe

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Wavefront control in space with MEMS deformable mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To meet the high contrast requirement of 1 × 10[superscript ?10] to image an Earth-like planet around a Sun-like star, space telescopes equipped with coronagraphs require wavefront control systems. Deformable mirrors (DMs) ...

Cahoy, Kerri L.

191

Wave-particle Interactions In Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wave-particle interactions in E×B rotating plasmas feature an unusual effect: particles are diffused by waves in both potential energy and kinetic energy. This wave-particle interaction generalizes the alpha channeling effect, in which radio frequency waves are used to remove alpha particles collisionlessly at low energy. In rotating plasmas, the alpha particles may be removed at low energy through the loss cone, and the energy lost may be transferred to the radial electric field. This eliminates the need for electrodes in the mirror throat, which have presented serious technical issues in past rotating plasma devices. A particularly simple way to achieve this effect is to use a high azimuthal mode number perturbation on the magnetic field. Rotation can also be sustained by waves in plasmas without a kinetic energy source. This type of wave has been considered for plasma centrifuges used for isotope separation. Energy may also be transferred from the electric field to particles or waves, which may be useful for ion heating and energy generation.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

192

Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Title Switchable Mirrors Based on Nickel-Magnesium Films Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-47180 Year of Publication 2001 Authors Richardson, Thomas J., Jonathan L. Slack, Robert D. Armitage, Robert Kostecki, Baker Farangis, and Michael D. Rubin Journal Applied Physics Letters Volume 78 Pagination 3047 Call Number LBNL-47180 Abstract An electrochromic mirror electrode based on reversible uptake of hydrogen in nickel magnesium alloy films is reported. Thin, magnesium-rich Ni-Mg films prepared on glass substrates by cosputtering from Ni and Mg targets are mirror-like in appearance and have low visible transmittance. Upon exposure to hydrogen gas or on cathodic polarization in alkaline electrolyte, the films take up hydrogen and become transparent. When hydrogen is removed, the mirror properties are recovered. The transition is believed to result from reversible formation of Mg2NiH4 and MgH2. A thin overlayer of palladium was found to enhance the kinetics of hydrogen insertion and extraction, and to protect the metal surface against oxidation.

193

Single-layer mirrors for advanced research light sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray mirrors are needed for beam guidance, beam alignment and monochromatisation at third-generation synchrotron light sources (PETRA III) and forthcoming Free-Electron Lasers (LCLS, European XFEL). Amorphous carbon coatings are currently used as total reflection mirrors at FLASH to guide the photon beam to the various beamlines. These coatings were prepared by means of magnetron sputtering. The new GKSS sputtering facility for the deposition of single and multilayer mirrors with a length of up to 1500 mm and a width of up to 120 mm is in operation. In this contribution we present the results of this new deposition system. A major advantage is that it is now possible to prepare one, two or more mirrors with similar properties over the whole deposition length. The mirror properties were investigated by means of X-ray reflectometry and interference microscopy. The performance of the mirrors is analyzed, considering X-ray reflectivity, film thickness and surface roughness. The uniformity of these properties over the whole deposition length of 1500 mm is demonstrated. The results obtained will be discussed and compared with former results.

Stoermer, M.; Horstmann, C. [GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht GmbH, Institute of Materials Research, Max-Planck-Str. 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Siewert, F. [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin / BESSY-II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Scholze, F.; Krumrey, M. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Hertlein, F.; Matiaske, M.; Wiesmann, J. [Incoatec GmbH, Max-Planck-Str. 2, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany); Gaudin, J. [European XFEL, DESY, 22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

194

Isorotation and differential rotation in a magnetic mirror with imposed E Multiplication-Sign B rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doppler spectroscopy of helium impurities in the Maryland Centrifugal Experiment reveals the simultaneous existence of isorotating and differentially rotating magnetic surfaces. Differential rotation occurs at the innermost surfaces and is conjectured to cause plasma voltage oscillations of hundreds of kilohertz by periodically changing the current path inductance. High-speed images show the periodic expulsion of plasma near the mirror ends at the same frequencies. In spite of this, the critical ionization velocity limit is exceeded, with respect to the vacuum field definition, for at least 0.5 ms.

Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Elton, R. C.; Young, W. C.; Reid, R.; Ellis, R. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

Long-Working-Distance Kirkpatrick-Baez Mirrors for Hard X-ray Beamlines at SPring-8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We designed and installed two types of long-working-distance Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors and mirror manipulators, which were customized into each experiment for hard x-ray undulator beamlines at SPring-8. For the BL32XU RIKEN Targeted Proteins beamline, 400-mm-long KB focusing mirrors for a beam size of 1 {mu}m with a 730-mm-long working distance were designed for carrying out the structural analysis of protein microcrystals. We realized a focusing beam size of 0.9x0.9 {mu}m{sup 2}(FWHM) and a focusing intensity of 6x10{sup 10} (photons/s) at an x-ray energy of 12.4 keV. For the BL19LXU RIKEN SR Physics beamline, we developed KB mirrors for 100-nm focusing with a 100-mm-working distance for the purpose of nano-focus x-ray diffraction. A focusing beam size of 100x100 nm{sup 2}(FWHM) and a high focusing intensity of 3.7x10{sup 10} (photons/s) at an x-ray energy of 12.4 keV were realized.

Yumoto, H.; Koyama, T. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI)/SPring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Hirata, K.; Kawano, Y.; Ueno, G.; Nisawa, A.; Hikima, T.; Takeshita, S.; Ito, K.; Tanaka, Y.; Arima, T.; Yamamoto, M. [RIKEN/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Ohsumi, H.; Ohashi, H.; Goto, S. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI)/SPring-8, 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); RIKEN/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

196

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

197

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

Investigation of flow in centrifugal impeller with tandem inducer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

streamline Static pressure Gas constant Radial Coordinate r c Radius of curvature of meridional streamline Glade thickness or time Impeller velocity Relative velocity in x direction (Fig. 26 ) Free stream velocity Absolute velocity Relative... Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering INVESTIGATION OF FLOW IN CENTRIFUGAL IMPELLER WITH TANDEM INDUCER A Thesis by AKIRA NISHIDA P&~ (Chairman of C ittee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) Ld 4(? (Member) (Member) August 1976 AOSTRACT...

Nishida, Akira

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Do Mirrors for Gravitational Waves Exist?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin superconducting films are predicted to be highly reflective mirrors for gravitational waves at microwave frequencies. The quantum mechanical non-localizability of the negatively charged Cooper pairs, which is protected from the localizing effect of decoherence by an energy gap, causes the pairs to undergo non-picturable, non-geodesic motion in the presence of a gravitational wave. This non-geodesic motion, which is accelerated motion through space, leads to the existence of mass and charge supercurrents inside the superconducting film. On the other hand, the decoherence-induced localizability of the positively charged ions in the lattice causes them to undergo picturable, geodesic motion as they are carried along with space in the presence of the same gravitational wave. The resulting separation of charges leads to a virtual plasma excitation within the film that enormously enhances its interaction with the wave, relative to that of a neutral superfluid or any normal matter. The existence of strong mass supercurrents within a superconducting film in the presence of a gravitational wave, dubbed the "Heisenberg-Coulomb effect," implies the specular reflection of a gravitational microwave from a film whose thickness is much less than the London penetration depth of the material, in close analogy with the electromagnetic case. The argument is developed by allowing classical gravitational fields, which obey Maxwell-like equations, to interact with quantum matter, which is described using the BCS and Ginzburg-Landau theories of superconductivity, as well as a collisionless plasma model. Several possible experimental tests of these ideas, including mesoscopic ones, are presented alongside comments on the broader theoretical implications of the central hypothesis.

Stephen J. Minter; Kirk Wegter-McNelly; Raymond Y. Chiao

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Black hole firewalls, smoke and mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiation emitted by a black hole (BH) during its evaporation has to have some degree of quantum coherence to accommodate a unitary time evolution. We parametrize the degree of coherence by the number of coherently emitted particles Ncoh and show that it is severely constrained by the equivalence principle. We discuss, in this context, the fate of a shell of matter that falls into a Schwarzschild BH. Two points of view are considered: that of a stationary external observer and that of the shell itself. From the perspective of the shell, the near-horizon region has an energy density proportional to Ncoh2 in Schwarzschild units. So, if Ncoh is parametrically larger than the square root of the BH entropy SBH1/2, a firewall or more generally a “wall of smoke” forms and the equivalence principle is violated while the BH is still semiclassical. To have a degree of coherence that is parametrically smaller than SBH1/2, one has to introduce a new sub-Planckian gravitational length scale, which likely also violates the equivalence principle. And so our previously proposed model which has Ncoh=SBH1/2 is singled out. From the external-observer perspective, we find that the time it takes for the information about the state of the shell to get re-emitted from the BH is inversely proportional to Ncoh. When the rate of information release becomes of order unity, the semiclassical approximation starts to break down and the BH becomes a perfect reflecting information mirror.

Ram Brustein and A.?J.?M. Medved

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The HVEM-Tandem Accelerator Facility at Argonne National Laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The HVEM-Tandem National User Facility consists of a modified Kratos/AE1 EM7 HVEM with a maximum accelerating voltage of 1.2 MeV, interfaced to both a 2MV National Electrostatics tandem ion accelerator and a 300 kV Texas Nuclear ion accelerator. The latter is being replaced with a 650 kV National Electrostatics accelerator which should be fully operational in FY 1987. These accelerators provide a wide range of ion species with energies from 25 keV to 8 MeV. The combination of HVEM and ion accelerators provides a truly unique capability for ion irradiation/implantation experimentation along with simultaneous microscopy. The HVEM-Tandem Facility currently is employed for a wide range of materials research, including basic in situ studies of mechanical properties, oxidation and hydrogen effects in metals, radiation effects including ion and electron irradiation-induced phase changes and general defect analysis. More than half of these studies are conducted by non-ANL scientists from universities and other national laboratories. Access to the National User Facility is by means of research proposals which are reviewed by a Steering Committee composed of both Argonne and non-Argonne scientists representing the user community.

A. Taylor; C.W. Allen; E.A. Ryan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Plasma heating and hot ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Possibilities of plasma heating and sloshing ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids are briefly reviewed. Sloshing ions, i.e. energetic ions with a velocity distribution concentrated to a certain pitch-angle, play an important role in plasma confinement and generation of fusion neutrons in mirror machines. Neutral beam injection (NBI) is first discussed as a method to generate sloshing ions. Numerical results of NBI modeling for a stellarator-mirror hybrid are analyzed. The sloshing ions could alternatively be sustained by RF heating. Fast wave heating schemes, i.e. magnetic beach, minority and second harmonic heating, are addressed and their similarities and differences are described. Characteristic features of wave propagation in mirror hybrid devices including both fundamental harmonic minority and second harmonic heating are examined. Minority heating is efficient for a wide range of minority concentration and plasma densities; it allows one to place the antenna aside from the hot ion location. A simple-design strap antenna suitable for this has good performance. However, this scenario is appropriate only for light minority ions. The second harmonic heating can be applied for the heavy ion component. Arrangements are similar for minority and second harmonic heating. The efficiency of second harmonic heating is influenced by a weaker wave damping than for minority heating. Numerical calculations show that in a hybrid reactor scaled mirror machine the deuterium sloshing ions could be heated within the minority heating scheme, while the tritium ions could be sustained by second harmonic heating.

Moiseenko, V. E.; Agren, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

203

Micro Mirrors for High-speed Laser Deflection and Patterning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper focuses on high-speed optical MEMS Scanners and Micro Mirror Arrays. Devices supporting spot/pixel rateshigher than 10 Mpixel/s are considered and discussed regarding limits and possibilities to further improve speed and optical properties. Several variants of both types, developed by our group, are presented. Scanning Micro Mirrors with frequencies up to 100 kHz enable spot rates of up to 130 Mpixels / s at 650 nm. Bragg-coatings enable high power applications up to 20 W (beam ø2 mm). Challenges like static and dynamic mirror planariy are discussed. A 29-kHz-scanner for laser projection serves as application example. Highly parallel operated Micro Mirror Arrays extend pattern speed to 10 Gpixel / s including analog grey scaling. Irradiation tests prove stable operation of the mirrors at DUV. Prospects regarding optical planarity and high reflective coatings are discussed. By means of two examples, laser patterning of semiconductor masks and laser patterning of Printed Circuit Boards, properties of the spatial light modulators are presented. The two device classes are compared regarding spot/pixel rate and frequency. The comparison includes representative MEMS device examples from literature.

Harald Schenk; Jan Grahmann; Thilo Sandner; Michael Wagner; Ulrike Dauderstädt; Jan-Uwe Schmidt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Energy Transfer and Light Tolerance Studies in a Fluorescent Tandem Phycobiliprotein Conjugate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light harvesting and energy transfer between allophycocyanin (APC) and a tandem conjugate dye was investigated using single-molecule recrossings in the probe volume. By comparing...

Tian, Yu; Pappas, Dimitri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - athens tandem accelerator Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: athens tandem accelerator Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Workshop on Thermonuclear Reaction Rates for Astrophysics Applications Summary: , particle physics, neutrino...

206

Application of the TANDEM scheme for reconstructing flaw images by the SAFT method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The question of applying the TANDEM scheme for reconstructing flaw images by the SAFT method is considered. When the reflection of...

A. E. Bazulin; E. G. Bazulin; D. A. Koval

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

New Tandem Catalytic Cycles take to the Rhod(ium) | The Ames...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Tandem Catalytic Cycles take to the Rhod(ium) Light, combined with a novel rhodium catalyst, enables greener production of chemical feedstocks from biorenewables. A key...

208

Thermal characteristics of a classical solar telescope primary mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed thermal and structural analysis of a 2m class solar telescope mirror which is subjected to a varying heat load at an observatory site. A 3-dimensional heat transfer model of the mirror takes into account the heating caused by a smooth and gradual increase of the solar flux during the day-time observations and cooling resulting from the exponentially decaying ambient temperature at night. The thermal and structural response of two competing materials for optical telescopes, namely Silicon Carbide -best known for excellent heat conductivity and Zerodur -preferred for its extremely low coefficient of thermal expansion, is investigated in detail. The insight gained from these simulations will provide a valuable input for devising an efficient and stable thermal control system for the primary mirror.

Banyal, Ravinder K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Coil system for a mirror-based hybrid reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two different superconducting coil systems for the SFLM Hybrid study - a quadrupolar mirror based fusion-fission reactor study - are presented. One coil system is for a magnetic field with 2 T at the midplane and a mirror ratio of four. This coil set consists of semiplanar coils in two layers. The alternative coil system is for a downscaled magnetic field of 1.25 T at the midplane and a mirror ratio of four, where a higher {beta} is required to achieve sufficient the neutron production. This coil set has one layer of twisted 3D coils. The 3D coils are expected to be considerably cheaper than the semiplanar, since NbTi superconductors can be used for most coils instead of Nb3Sn due to the lower magnetic field.

Hagnestal, A.; Agren, O.; Moiseenko, V. E. [Uppsala University, Angstroem laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna st. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Mirror eclipses in the cataclysmic variable IP Peg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present time resolved K-band infrared spectra of the dwarf nova (DN) IP Peg in early quiescence. The Brackett-gamma and HeI lines in our data show hitherto unseen behaviour, which we term a mirror eclipse, and interpret as an eclipse of the secondary star by an optically thin accretion disc. Mirror eclipses are a direct probe of the structure and physical conditions of accretion discs. For example, on assuming the relevant level populations to be in LTE, we constrain the temperature and density of the optically thin material causing the mirror eclipse to be 10,000 < T < 20,000 K and \\rho ~10^-11 g/cm^3 respectively. In order to match our data we find that at least the outermost 20% of the disc (in radius) must be entirely optically thin. Implications for time-dependant disc models are examined.

S. P. Littlefair; V. S. Dhillon; T. R. Marsh; E. T. Harlaftis

2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

211

Surface Slope Metrology on Deformable Soft X-ray Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the current state of surface slope metrology on deformable mirrors for soft x-rays at the Advanced Light Source (ALS). While we are developing techniques for in situ at-wavelength tuning, we are refining methods of ex situ visible-light optical metrology to achieve sub-100-nrad accuracy. This paper reports on laboratory studies, measurements and tuning of a deformable test-KB mirror prior to its use. The test mirror was bent to a much different optical configuration than its original design, achieving a 0.38 micro-radian residual slope error. Modeling shows that in some cases, by including the image conjugate distance as an additional free parameter in the alignment, along with the two force couples, fourth-order tangential shape errors (the so-called bird shape) can be reduced or eliminated.

Yuan Sheng; Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Celestre, Rich; Church, Matthew; McKinney, Wayne R.; Morrison, Greg; Warwick, Tony [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Goldberg, Kenneth A. [Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

IR Spectrometer Using 90-degree Off-axis Parabolic Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gated spectrometer has been designed for real-time, pulsed infrared (IR) studies at the National Synchrotron Light ource at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. A pair of 90-degree, off-axis parabolic mirrors are used to relay the light from an entrance slit to an output IR recording camera. With an initial wavelength range of 1500–4500 nm required, gratings could not be used in the spectrometer because grating orders would overlap. A magnesium oxide prism, placed between these parabolic mirrors, serves as the dispersion element. The spectrometer is doubly telecentric. With proper choice of the air spacing between the prism and the second parabolic mirror, any spectral region of interest within the InSb camera array’s sensitivity region can be recorded. The wavelengths leaving the second parabolic mirror are collimated, thereby relaxing the camera positioning tolerance. To set up the instrument, two different wavelength (visible) lasers are introduced at the entrance slit and made collinear with the optical axis via flip mirrors. After dispersion by the prism, these two laser beams are directed to tick marks located on the outside housing of the gated IR camera. This provides first-order wavelength calibration for the instrument. Light that is reflected off the front prism face is coupled into a high-speed detector to verify steady radiance during the gated spectral imaging. Alignment features include tick marks on the prism and parabolic mirrors. This instrument was designed to complement singlepoint pyrometry, which provides continuous time histories of a small collection of spots from shock-heated targets.

Robert M. Malone, Richard, G. Hacking, Ian J. McKenna, and Daniel H. Dolan

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

213

Can mirror matter solve the the cosmological lithium problem?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The abundance of lithium-7 confronts cosmology with a long lasting inconsistency between the predictions of standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with the baryonic density determined from the Cosmic Microwave Background observations on the one hand, and the spectroscopic determination of the lithium-7 abundance on the other hand. We investigated the influence of the existence of a mirror world, focusing on models in which mirror neutrons can oscillate into ordinary neutrons. Such a mechanism allows for an effective late time neutron injection, which induces an increase of the destruction of beryllium-7and thus a lower final lithium-7 abundance.

Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nucléaires et de Sciences de la Matière (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, Bâtiment 104, 91405 Orsay Campus (France); Uzan, Jean-Philippe; Vangioni, Elisabeth [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR-7095 du CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France and Sorbonne Universités, Institut Lagrange de Paris, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris (France)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

214

Normal incidence x-ray mirror for chemical microanalysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An x-ray mirror for both electron column instruments and micro x-ray fluorescence instruments for making chemical, microanalysis comprises a non-planar mirror having, for example, a spherical reflecting surface for x-rays comprised of a predetermined number of alternating layers of high atomic number material and low atomic number material contiguously formed on a substrate and whose layers have a thickness which is a multiple of the wavelength being reflected. For electron column instruments, the wavelengths of interest lie above 1.5nm, while for x-ray fluorescence instruments, the range of interest is below 0.2nm. 4 figs.

Carr, M.J.; Romig, A.D. Jr.

1987-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

ATLAS and CMS hints for a mirror Higgs boson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS and CMS have provided hints for the existence of a Higgs-like particle with mass of about 144 GeV with production cross section into standard decay channels which is about 50% that of the standard model Higgs boson. We show that this 50% suppression is exactly what the mirror matter model predicts when the two scalar mass eigenstates, each required to be maximal admixtures of a standard and mirror-Higgs boson, are separated in mass by more than their decay widths but less than the experimental resolution. We discuss prospects for the future confirmation of this interesting hint for non-standard Higgs physics.

Robert Foot; Archil Kobakhidze; Raymond R. Volkas

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Detection of atmospheric Cherenkov radiation using solar heliostat mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gamma-ray energy region between 20 and 250 GeV is largely unexplored. Ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov detectors offer a possible way to explore this region, but large Cherenkov photon collection areas are needed to achieve low energy thresholds. This paper discusses the development of a Cherenkov detector using the heliostat mirrors of a solar power plant as the primary collector. As part of this development, we built a prototype detector consisting of four heliostat mirrors and used it to record atmospheric Cherenkov radiation produced in extensive air showers created by cosmic ray particles.

Ong, R A

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

ATLAS and CMS hints for a mirror Higgs boson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ATLAS and CMS have provided hints for the existence of a Higgs-like particle with mass of about 144 GeV with production cross section into standard decay channels which is about 50% that of the standard model Higgs boson. We show that this 50% suppression is exactly what the mirror matter model predicts when the two scalar mass eigenstates, each required to be maximal admixtures of a standard and mirror-Higgs boson, are separated in mass by more than their decay widths but less than the experimental resolution. We discuss prospects for the future confirmation of this interesting hint for nonstandard Higgs physics.

Robert Foot; Archil Kobakhidze; Raymond R. Volkas

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

218

In Space Telescopes and Instruments V, Bely & Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 3356, Kona, HI, March 1998. A Phase Diversity Experiment to Measure Piston Misalignment on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998. A Phase Diversity Experiment to Measure Piston Misalignment on the Segmented Primary Mirror of an experiment to measure piston errors on the Keck II primary segmented mirror, through atmospheric turbulence, using phase­diverse phase retrieval. The segment piston errorss are separated from the random turbulence

Löfdahl, Mats

219

Achievement of a record electron temperature for a magnetic mirror device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate plasma discharges with extremely high temperature of bulk electrons at the large axially symmetric magnetic mirror device GDT (Budker Institute, Novosibirsk). According to Thomson scattering measurements, the on-axis electron temperature averaged over several sequential shots is 660 $\\pm$ 50 eV with peak values exceeding 900 eV in few shots. This corresponds to at least threefold increase as compared to previous experiments both at the GDT and at other comparable machines, thus demonstrating the maximum quasi-stationary (~1 ms) electron temperature achieved in open traps. The breakthrough is made possible with application of sophisticated electron cyclotron resonance heating in addition to standard heating by neutral beams. The reported increase of the electron temperature along with previous experiments, which demonstrated high-density plasma confinement with $\\beta\\approx$ 60%, provide a firm basis for extrapolating to fusion relevant applications of open magnetic systems.

Bagryansky, P A; Lizunov, A A; Maximov, V V; Prikhodko, V V; Shalashov, A G; Soldatkina, E I; Solomakhin, A L; Yakovlev, D V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A cryogenic liquid-mirror telescope on the moon to study the early universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the feasibility and scientific potential of zenith observing liquid mirror telescopes having 20 to 100 m diameters located on the moon. They would carry out deep infrared surveys to study the distant universe and follow up discoveries made with the 6 m James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), with more detailed images and spectroscopic studies. They could detect objects 100 times fainter than JWST, observing the first, high-red shift stars in the early universe and their assembly into galaxies. We explored the scientific opportunities, key technologies and optimum location of such telescopes. We have demonstrated critical technologies. For example, the primary mirror would necessitate a high-reflectivity liquid that does not evaporate in the lunar vacuum and remains liquid at less than 100K: We have made a crucial demonstration by successfully coating an ionic liquid that has negligible vapor pressure. We also successfully experimented with a liquid mirror spinning on a superconducting bearing, as will be needed for the cryogenic, vacuum environment of the telescope. We have investigated issues related to lunar locations, concluding that locations within a few km of a pole are ideal for deep sky cover and long integration times. We have located ridges and crater rims within 0.5 degrees of the North Pole that are illuminated for at least some sun angles during lunar winter, providing power and temperature control. We also have identified potential problems, like lunar dust. Issues raised by our preliminary study demand additional in-depth analyses. These issues must be fully examined as part of a scientific debate we hope to start with the present article.

Roger Angel; Simon P. Worden; Ermanno F. Borra; Daniel J. Eisenstein; Bernard Foing; Paul Hickson; Jean-Luc Josset; Ki Bui Ma; Omar Seddiki; Suresh Sivanandam; Simon Thibault; Paul van Susante

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Current- and lattice-matched tandem solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multijunction (cascade) tandem photovoltaic solar cell device is fabricated of a Ga/sub x/In/sub 1-x/P (0.505 equal to or less than x equal to or less than 0.515) top cell semiconductor lattice-matched to a GaAs bottom cell semiconductor at a low resistance heterojunction, preferably a p/sup +//n/sup +/ heterojunction between the cells. The top and bottom cells are both lattice-matched and current-matched for high efficiency solar radiation conversion to electrical energy.

Olson, J.M.

1985-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

Photo of the Week: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Mirror Fusion Test Facility The Mirror Fusion Test Facility Photo of the Week: The Mirror Fusion Test Facility July 19, 2013 - 4:17pm Addthis This 1981 photo shows the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF), an experimental magnetic confinement fusion device built using a magnetic mirror at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The MFTF functioned as the primary research center for mirror fusion devices. The design consisted of a 64-meter-long vacuum vessel fitted with 26 coil magnets bonding the center of the vessel and two 400-ton yin-yang magnet mirrors at either end. The first magnet produced a magnetic field force equal to the weight of 30 jumbo jets hanging from the magnet coil. | Photo courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This 1981 photo shows the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF), an

223

Heating by Optical Absorption and Cooling of High Power Laser Mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In high power laser system, laser mirror is the core and the most sensitive optical component, which influences the increase of laser power and the quality of laser. Absorption of light at mirrors causes wavef...

Ci-Ming Zhou; Zu-Hai Cheng; Yu-Feng Peng

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A KB-Focusing Mirror Pair for a VUV-Raman Spectrometer at FLASH - Mirror Metrology and Ray Tracing Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plane mirror and two strongly curved plane elliptical mirrors comprising the refocusing system downstream the plane grating monochromator at FLASH in DESY have been characterized with the Nanometer Optical Component Measuring Machine at the BESSY-II Optics Laboratory of the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin. Based on the measurement results the two elliptical cylinders were optimized by deterministic surface finishing technology (Ion Beam Finishing). The expected focusing performance was verified by ray tracings after each ion beam finish iteration using the measured topography results.

Siewert, Frank [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin / BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Reininger, Ruben [Scientific Answers and Solutions, 77 Constantine Way, Mount Sinai, NY 11766 (United States); Ruebhausen, Michael A. [CFEL, Center for Free Electron Laser Science, Notkestr. 15, 20355 Hamburg (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

Inheritance in turnip of variable-number tandem-repeat genetic markers revealed with synthetic repetitive DNA probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oligomers (16–26 mers) composed of short, tandemly repeated DNA sequences (3–10 bases) were used ... number of repeats to make 15 different PCR synthetic tandem-repeat (STR) probes. These PCR...Brassica rapa L.) ...

S. H. Rogstad

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Vehicle Dispatching Problem at the Container Terminal with Tandem Lift Quay Cranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the tandem lift operations bring new challenges to the vehicle dispatching at terminals and this has become a big issue in the application of tandem lift QCs. The vehicle dispatching at terminals is to enhance the QCs’ productivities by coordinating the QCs...

Xing, Yao

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

227

Optimization of the absorption efficiency of an amorphous-silicon thin-film tandem solar cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of the absorption efficiency of an amorphous-silicon thin-film tandem solar cell-wave approach was used to compute the plane-wave absorptance of a thin-film tandem solar cell with a metallic­4]. In this context, a basic idea is to periodically texture the metallic back reflector of a thin-film solar cell

228

Mirror thermal noise in laser interferometer gravitational wave detectors operating at room and cryogenic temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror thermal noise is and will remain one of the main limitations to the sensitivity of gravitational wave detectors based on laser interferometers. We report about projected mirror thermal noise due to losses in the mirror coatings and substrates. The evaluation includes all kind of thermal noises presently known. Several of the envisaged substrate and coating materials are considered. The results for mirrors operated at room temperature and at cryogenic temperature are reported.

Janyce Franc; Nazario Morgado; Raffaele Flaminio; Ronny Nawrodt; Iain Martin; Liam Cunningham; Alan Cumming; Sheila Rowan; James Hough

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Rhodium coated mirrors deposited by magnetron sputtering for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallic mirrors will be essential components of all optical spectroscopy and imaging systems for ITER plasma diagnostics. Any change in the mirror performance, in particular, its reflectivity, due to erosion of the surface by charge exchange neutrals or deposition of impurities will influence the quality and reliability of the detected signals. Due to its high reflectivity in the visible wavelength range and its low sputtering yield, rhodium appears as an attractive material for first mirrors in ITER. However, the very high price of the raw material calls for using it in the form of a film deposited onto metallic substrates. The development of a reliable technique for the preparation of high reflectivity rhodium films is therefore of the highest importance. Rhodium layers with thicknesses of up to 2 {mu}m were produced on different substrates of interest (Mo, stainless steel, Cu) by magnetron sputtering. Produced films exhibit a low roughness and crystallite size of about 10 nm with a dense columnar structure. No impurities were detected on the surface after deposition. Scratch tests demonstrate that adhesion properties increase with substrate hardness. Detailed optical characterizations of Rh-coated mirrors as well as results of erosion tests performed both under laboratory conditions and in the TEXTOR tokamak are presented in this paper.

Marot, L.; De Temmerman, G.; Oelhafen, P.; Covarel, G.; Litnovsky, A. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Laboratoire Mecanique, Materiaux et Procedes de Fabrication, 61 rue Albert Camus, Universite de Haute-Alsace, F-68093 Mulhouse Cedex (France); Institut fuer Energieforschung (Plasmaphysik), Forschungszentrum Juelich, Association EURATOM-FZJ, D 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Complex multiplication, rationality and mirror symmetry for abelian varieties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that complex multiplication on abelian varieties is equivalent to the existence of a constant rational K\\"ahler metric. We give a sufficient condition for a mirror of an abelian variety of CM-type to be of CM-type as well. We also study the relationship between complex multiplication and rationality of a toroidal lattice vertex algebra.

Meng Chen

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

231

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild objective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild effects in the two-mirror Schwarzschild objective with point diffraction interferometry. The chromatic the interferometry data on the two-mirror optical system are compared with previously reported coating properties

232

Very high-energy c-ray observations of the Crab nebula and other potential sources with the GRAAL experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Almeria'' (GRAAL) experiment uses 63 heliostat-mirrors with a total mirror area of %2500 m2 from the CESA of heliostat fields for c-ray astronomy are pointed out. In particular the effect of field- of-view restricted-rays from cosmic sources. In addition some gen- eral lessons we learnt about the heliostat-field approach

233

Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal multilayer mirrors have been designed for the ALEXIS satellite, which is to carry six wide field telescopes to perform an all-sky survey in three or four narrow wavelength bands in the EUV. Comprised of alternating layers of molybdenum and silicon, the mirrors are optimized to provide maximum reflectivity at angles from 11.5 to 17/degree/ off normal incidence and at wavelengths of 133, 171, or 186A. Simultaneously, the mirrors use a ''wavetrap'' described below to suppress reflectivity at 304A, where the extremely strong geocoronal line of He II causes severe background problems. Low reflectivity at 304A is achieved by superposing two layer pairs that provide destructive interference with an effective 2d spacing of 152A. The Mo layers in this wavetrap must be very thin, about 10A each, in order to allow the shorter wavelengths desired for peak reflectivity to penetrate without significant attenuation. Because refraction changes the effective angle of passage through the wavetrap, a joint optimization between layer thicknesses in the deep layers and the wavetrap layers must be performed for each target peak wavelength. For the 186A mirror, the optimum design from substrate upward is 40 layer pairs, each 74A Si and 31A Mo, followed by 2 layer pairs, each 55A Si and 10A Mo. Calculations predict this design will have a peak reflectivity at 186A of 35 percent and a 304A reflectivity less than 10/sup /minus/5/, if available optical constants are correct and the multilayer can be fabricated without difficulty. We will present details of the calculations and laboratory measurements of the reflectivity performance attained with prototype mirrors. 6 refs., 2 figs.

Smith, B.W.; Bloch, J.J.; Roussel-Dupre,D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Oak Ridge 25URC Tandem Accelerator 2007 SNEAP Lab Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During FY 2008, the 25URC operated for slightly over 3,000 research hours. The radioactive species 80Ge and 17,18F accounted for 763 of these hours. This included an experiment using 17F which was only possible due to an improvement of a factor of 50 in beam intensity over our previous facility record. Twenty stable beam species were provided this year. Operation for the experimental program was at terminal potentials from 2.02 to 23.8 MV. Approximately 200 hours of conditioning were done to return the machine to operation after tank openings. There were six tank openings during the year: three scheduled for general maintenance and three unscheduled. Two of the unscheduled openings were required to correct shorting rod issues and the other was to reestablish communication with one of the major dead sections. On July 28, an event happened that caused all accelerators at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) to suspend operation. At approximately 8 AM on that Monday, during operations with approximately 12 {micro}A of 50-MeV protons on a uranium carbide target, delivering neutron-rich 81Zn beam to the new Low-energy Radioactive Ion Beam Spectroscopy Station (LeRIBSS), a radiological control technician (RCT) reported higher than normal radiation levels just outside the shield door to the IRIS1 vault (the room in which RIBs are produced at HRIBF). The measured dose rate equivalent was 4 mrem/hr. The presence of radiological contamination on the floor just outside the shield door was subsequently noted, as was the possible presence of airborne radioactivity. These observations were reported to facility management. Accelerators were put in standby immediately and the building evacuated. The event was declared a laboratory operational emergency. Parts of the building were cleared for reentry to collect belongings on Monday afternoon. The entire building was cleared for reoccupation on Tuesday morning after a detailed radiological survey found no contamination outside the shielded vaults. No decontamination was required. No individual received any detectable radiological dose as a result of this event. The 25URC tandem accelerator was given permission to resume operation with stable beams in early September, but radioactive ion production is still not allowed. Subsequent analysis indicated a release that consisted entirely of noble gasses (Xe and Kr isotopes). We believe we have identified two unrelated failures, one associated with the HVAC system and the other with the roughing system exhaust which accounts for both the escape of noble gasses into the IRIS1 vault and their migration outside the vault. An investigation team report is expected by October 24. At that time, corrective actions will be determined and the path to future radioactive ion beam production will be known. The break from operations allowed a few upgrades to be implemented. The most notable was the installation and commissioning of a SNICS ion source purchased from National Electrostatics Corporation (NEC). The SNICS replaced the old Alton/Aarhus source that we have used for many years. An ANU style gas cathode holder was purchased also but has not yet been implemented. The first beams have been produced by the source and the biggest problem encountered was reducing the beam for very low current experiments. A new power supply for the injection magnet was installed during this period also. Radioactive ion beam (RIB) development at the High Power Target Laboratory (HPTL) has been delayed this year while installing the platforms, conduits and equipment for the second Injector for Radioactive Ion Species (IRIS2) which is co-located with the HPTL facility. The majority of development activities have been performed at the two off-line ion source test facilities (ISTF1 and ISTF2) and the On-Line Test Facility (OLTF). Both test facilities have been developing systems which will eventually be used with IRIS2. Two new tunable Ti:Sapphire lasers have been ordered for continuing development of an ion source based on laser ionization using all solid-state

Meigs, Martha J [ORNL; Juras, Raymond C [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Metal oxide coating on first mirror in fusion reactor with carbon wall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The lifetime of diagnostic equipment in a fusion reactor is typically very short. The first mirror used to reflect optical signals for diagnostics plays a crucial role in the reactor, and it is highly important to develop a more durable first mirror which can survive in the hostile environment. In this work, by conducting electron beam deposition on molybdenum substrates, metallic oxide mirrors are prepared and studied in the simulated environment. The multi-layered metal oxide mirror exhibits much higher reflectivity than the original molybdenum one and the in situ technique to monitor the performance of the first mirror is developed and described.

Xirui Hou; Zhengwei Wu; Paul K. Chu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interfaces Interfaces Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces July 18, 2011 - 2:45pm View(active tab) Edit Workflow Addthis A unique new bilayer nanocatalyst system. | Image courtesy of Yang group A unique new bilayer nanocatalyst system. | Image courtesy of Yang group What does this mean for me? A prime example of these applications is artificial photosynthesis -- the effort to capture energy from the sun and transform it into electricity or chemical fuels. Catalysts (substances that speed up the rates of chemical reactions without themselves being chemically changed) are used to initiate virtually every industrial manufacturing process that involves chemistry. With the advent of nano-sized catalysts, metal and metal oxide catalysts have surged in importance. Recently, researchers at the Department's Lawrence Berkeley National

237

Diurnal modulation due to self-interacting mirror and hidden sector dark matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mirror and more generic hidden sector dark matter models can simultaneously explain the DAMA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II dark matter signals consistently with the null results of the other experiments. This type of dark matter can be captured by the Earth and shield detectors because it is self-interacting. This effect will lead to a diurnal modulation in dark matter detectors. We estimate the size of this effect for dark matter detectors in various locations. For a detector located in the northern hemisphere, this effect is expected to peak in April and can be detected for optimistic parameter choices. The diurnal variation is expected to be much larger for detectors located in the southern hemisphere. In particular, if the CoGeNT detector were moved to e.g. Sierra Grande, Argentina then a 5? dark matter discovery would be possible in around 30 days of operation.

Foot, R., E-mail: rfoot@unimelb.edu.au [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Extreme ultraviolet diagnosis of a neutral-beam-heated mirror machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extreme ultraviolet emissions from the LLL 2XIIB fusion research experiment have been studied. (2XIIB was a magnetic-mirror-plasma-confinement device; beams of high-energy (20 keV) neutral deuterium created a high-density, high-temperature plasma.) A normal-incidence concave-grating monochromator, equipped with a windowless photomultiplier tube, was used to measure emissions in the spectral region from 400 Angstrom to 1600 A. Emissions of oxygen, titanium, carbon, nitrogen, and deuterium were identified; the oxygen brightnesses at times exceeded 10/sup 18/ ph-s/sup -1/-cm/sup -2/-sr/sup -1/. A survey of the emission characteristics found the oxygen concentration was 3%, the other impurities had concentrations near 0.4%. The radiated power loss was about 5% of the deposited neutral beam power.

Drake, R.P.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer - NERSC SCience News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lasers without Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer Lasers without Mirrors, Designed by Supercomputer October 14, 2009 | Tags: Lasers, Life Sciences, Materials Science Contact: Ji Qiang | Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | JQiang@lbl.gov John Corlett | Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Center for Beam Physics | JNCorlett@lbl.gov Sometimes it takes a big machine to understand the tiniest details. That's the case with free electron lasers (FELs). The powerful X-rays they generate can probe matter directly at the level of atomic interactions and chemical-bond formation, letting scientists observe such phenomena as chemical reactions in trace elements, electric charges in photosynthesis and the structure of microscopic machines. FELs have the potential to

240

Part One: Mirrors; Part Two: Synthesis of Camphor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

v e r mirrors is regarded as objectionable. Liebig f i r s t noted that s i l v e r could be deposited on glass as a mirror in 1835. He reduced the s i l v e r Silver from the solution of/nitrate i n ammonia with formal­ dehyde . The f i r... s method of depositing copper on glass i s not as nearly i d e a l as some of the methods of de­ po s i t i n g silver,owing to the imperfections that are some times caused by the o i l y decomposition product St the phenylhydrazine, the copper i...

Kent, Robert C.

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Mirror fusion. Quarterly report, April-June 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information in each Quarterly is presented in the same sequence as in the Field Work Package Proposal and Authorization System (WPAS) submissions prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy; the main sections are Applied Plasma Physics, Confinement Systems, Development and Technology, and Mirror Fusion Test Facility (Planning and Projects). On occasion, we shall include information pertaining to the LLNL role as Lead Laboratory for the Open Systems Mirror Fusion Program. Each of these sections is introduced by an overall statement of the goals and purposes of the groups reporting in it. As appropriate within each section, statements of the goals of individual programs and projects are followed by articles containing summaries of significant recent activity and descriptive text.

Not Available

1981-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

Mirror force induced wave dispersion in Alfvén waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent hybrid MHD-kinetic electron simulations of global scale standing shear Alfvén waves along the Earth's closed dipolar magnetic field lines show that the upward parallel current region within these waves saturates and broadens perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field and that this broadening increases with the electron temperature. Using resistive MHD simulations, with a parallel Ohm's law derived from the linear Knight relation (which expresses the current-voltage relationship along an auroral field line), we explore the nature of this broadening in the context of the increased perpendicular Poynting flux resulting from the increased parallel electric field associated with mirror force effects. This increased Poynting flux facilitates wave energy dispersion across field lines which in-turn allows for electron acceleration to carry the field aligned current on adjacent field lines. This mirror force driven dispersion can dominate over that associated with electron inertial effects for global scale waves.

Damiano, P. A.; Johnson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Measurements of Mirror Soiling at a Candidate CSP Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Loss of mirror reflectivity due to soiling at Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants is a significant consideration for design and operation of the plant. Increasingly, a bankable case for establishment of a new plant will include an evaluation of the cleanliness of the proposed site in addition to the solar resource assessment. The nature and quantity of atmospheric fallout is site specific and generally has a seasonal cycle. We describe an effort which has been underway for more than a year now for a candidate CSP site cleanliness assessment using dust buckets and loss of reflectivity on mirror samples installed at the site. The loss of reflectivity due to soiling was measured on a monthly cycle using a portable, imaging instrument that was designed and built for this purpose. The design of the instrument is described and typical results are presented.

D.J. Griffith; L. Vhengani; M. Maliage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gravitational field outside of a nonrotating black hole is described using the Schwarzschild metric. The geodesic equations of the Schwarzschild metric are derived and those describing null and circular timelike orbits are discussed. Some numerical solutions of the null geodesic equations are shown. These depict photon trajectories which circle the black hole one or two times and then terminate at their emission points. Thus a sequence of ring?shaped mirror images is produced. An equation which gives the angle between the photon’s trajectory and the radial direction at the emitter is derived and applied to the numerical solutions. These results serve to illustrate how an observer ‘‘passes through’’ his or her mirror image at r=3 MG/c 2 as he or she moves toward a Schwarzschild black hole.

W. M. Stuckey

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wave-driven Rotation in Supersonically Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supersonic rotation in mirrors may be produced by radio frequency waves. The waves produce coupled diffusion in ion kinetic and potential energy. A population inversion along the diffusion path then produces rotation. Waves may be designed to exploit a natural kinetic energy source or may provide the rotation energy on their own. Centrifugal traps for fusion and isotope separation may benefit from this wave-driven rotation.

A. Fetterman and N.J. Fisch

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Ray chaos in optical cavities based upon standard laser mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a composite optical cavity made of standard laser mirrors; the cavity consists of a suitable combination of stable and unstable cavities. In spite of its very open nature the composite cavity shows ray chaos, which may be either soft or hard, depending on the cavity configuration. This opens a new, convenient route for experimental studies of the quantum aspects of a chaotic wave field.

A. Aiello; M. P. van Exter; J. P. Woerdman

2003-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Steady mirror structures in a plasma with pressure anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first part we present a review of our results concerning the weakly nonlinear regime of the mirror instability in the framework of an asymptotic model. This model belongs to the class of gradient type systems for which the free energy can only decrease in time. It reveals a behavior typical for subcritical bifurcations: below the mirror instability threshold, all localized stationary structures are unstable, while above threshold, the system displays a blow-up behavior. It is shown that taking the electrons into account (non-zero temperature) does not change the structure of the asymptotic model. For bi-Maxwellian distribution functions for both electrons and ions, the model predicts the formation of magnetic holes. The second part contains original results concerning two-dimensional steady mirror structures which can form in the saturated regime. Based on Grad-Shafranov-like equations, a gyrotropic plasma, where the pressures in the static regime are only functions of the amplitude of the local magnet...

Kuznetsov, E A; Ruban, V P; Sulem, P L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Progress towards the synthesis of tetracyclic heteroaromatic compounds via tandem benzannulation-cyclization strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A tandem benzannulation-cyclization strategy was successfully applied to the synthesis of a tetracyclic heteroaromatic compound expected to have interesting electronic properties. Benzannulation of a diazo ketone and a ...

Mamaliga, Galina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

High efficiency thin-film crystalline Si/Ge tandem solar cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose and simulate a photovoltaic solar cell comprised of Si and Ge pn junctions in tandem. With an anti-reflection film at the front surface, we have shown that optimal solar...

Sun, G; Chang, F; Soref, R A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Organic photovoltaic cell in lateral-tandem configuration employing continuously-tuned microcavity sub-cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a lateral-tandem organic photovoltaic system consisting of a dispersive-focusing element and continuously-tuned, series-connected sub-cells. The proposed system overcomes...

Kim, Changsoon; Kim, Jungsang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Tandem Polymer Solar Cells Featuring a Spectrally Matched Low-Bandgap Polymer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tandem solar cells provide an effective way to harvest a broader spectrum of solar radiation by combining two or more solar cells with different absorption bands. However, for polymer solar cells, the performance of tandem devices lags behind single-layer solar cells mainly due to the lack of a suitable low-bandgap polymer. Here, we demonstrate highly efficient single and tandem polymer solar cells featuring a low-bandgap conjugated polymer (PBDTT-DPP: bandgap, {approx}1.44 eV). A single-layer device based on the polymer provides a power conversion efficiency of {approx}6%. When the polymer is applied to tandem solar cells, a power conversion efficiency of 8.62% is achieved, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest certified efficiency for a polymer solar cell to date.

Dou, L.; You, J.; Yang, J.; Chen, C. C.; He, Y.; Murase, S.; Moriarty, T.; Emery, K.; Li, G.; Yang, Y.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Optimal Audio Transmission over Wireless Tandem Channels Ala' Khalifeh Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Audio Transmission over Wireless Tandem Channels Ala' Khalifeh Homayoun Yousefi propose a statistical optimization framework for transmitting audio sequences over wireless links. Our proposed framework protects audio frames against both temporally cor- related random bit errors introduced

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

253

OPTIMIZATION OF a-SiGe BASED TRIPLE, TANDEM AND SINGLE-JUNCTION SOLAR Xunming Deng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the University of Toledo (UT) in the fabrication of high-efficiency triple, tandem and single-junction solar with 12.5% initial efficiency and 10.7% stable efficiency, tandem-junction a-Si/a-SiGe solar cells with 12.9% initial efficiency, and single-junction a-SiGe solar cells with 12.5-13% initial efficiency and 10

Deng, Xunming

254

Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Author U.S. Geological Survey Published U.S. Geological Survey, 2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site Citation U.S. Geological Survey. Borehole Imaging of In Situ Stress Tests at Mirror Lake Research Site [Internet]. 2013. U.S. Geological Survey. [cited 2013/10/16]. Available from: http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/bgas/toxics/ml_bips.html Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Borehole_Imaging_of_In_Situ_Stress_Tests_at_Mirror_Lake_Research_Site&oldid=688729"

255

Radial Fokker-Planck model for plasmas confined by magnetic mirror fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A time-dependent computer model has been developed for the spatially dependent distribution function f(r,v,t). An orbit averaged Fokker-Planck equation treats Coulomb collisions and various atomic physics processes. The motivation for the present code is to provide an accurate treatment of gyro-radius effects and realistic beam geometries which have been neglected in previous Fokker-Planck codes. Finite width beams may be offset from the plasma center to determine beam injection for build-up studies. The inclusion of a finite gyro-radius is essential for studying radial transport due to both quasilinear fluctuations and charge exchange collisions. Charge exchange with energetic beam atoms and plasma erosion due to charge-exchange collisions with thermal gas are both included. Quasilinear diffusion terms include the effects of turbulent diffusion in the model. The model has been used to study particle and energy confinement times in the 2XIIB experiment and in the mirror plug of the TMX experiment. Calculated values of T/sub e/ decrease from classical Fokker-Planck values (1000 eV for 2XIIB) to the 50 eV to 200 eV range observed in 2XIIB and TMX experiments. Radial density profiles and n tau scaling with plasma radius and magnetic field agree with experimental data.

Futch, A.H.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

On the Compliance of Simbol-X Mirror Roughness with its Effective Area Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface microroughness of X-ray mirrors is a key issue for the angular resolution of Simbol-X to comply with the required one (<20 arcsec at 30 keV). The maximum tolerable microroughness for Simbol-X mirrors, in order to satisfy the required imaging capability, has already been derived in terms of its PSD (Power Spectral Density). However, also the Effective Area of the telescope is affected by the mirror roughness. In this work we will show how the expected effective area of the Simbol-X mirror module can be computed from the roughness PSD tolerance, checking its compliance with the requirements.

Spiga, D.; Basso, S.; Cotroneo, V.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera-Via Bianchi 46-23807 Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

257

Project Profile: Cleanable and Hardcoat Coatings for Increased Durability of Silvered Polymeric Mirrors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

3M, under the CSP R&D FOA, is developing optical coatings for solar mirrors that are durable, easily maintained, and more cost-effective.

258

Aplanatic two mirror telescope from near-normal to grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surface equations for strictly aplanatic two-mirror telescopes of any configuration are given. They were used in a comparative performance analysis of the general Cassegrainian...

Korsch, Dietrich

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Cryogenic far-infrared laser absorptivity measurements of the Herschel Space Observatory telescope mirror coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Far-infrared laser calorimetry was used to measure the absorptivity, and thus the emissivity, of aluminum-coated silicon carbide mirror samples produced during the coating...

Fischer, Jacqueline; Klaassen, Tjeerd; Hovenier, Niels; Jakob, Gerd; Poglitsch, Albrecht; Sternberg, Oren

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic mirror alignment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reconstruction with Structured Light Emric Epstein, Martin Granger-Piche, and Pierre Poulin Summary: is the alignment (rotations) of the mirror local coordinate system so it lies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer/Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) is a single instrument that cycles through a series of complementary measurements of the physical properties of size-resolved submicron particles. In 2008, the TDMA was augmented through the addition of an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS), which extends the upper limit of the measured size distribution into the supermicron range. These two instruments are operated in parallel, but because they are controlled by a common computer and because the size distributions measured by the two are integrated in the produced datastreams, they are described together here. Throughout the day, the TDMA sequentially measures submicron aerosol size distributions and size-resolved hygroscopic growth distributions. More specifically, the instrument is operated as a scanning DMA to measure size distributions and as a TDMA to measure size-resolved hygroscopicity. A typical measurement sequence requires roughly 45 minutes. Each morning additional measurements are made of the relative humidity (RH) dependent hygroscopicity and temperature-dependent volatility of size-resolved particles. When the outside temperature and RH are within acceptable ranges, the hydration state of size-resolved particles is also characterized. The measured aerosol distributions complement the array of aerosol instruments in the Aerosol Observing System (AOS) and provide additional details of the light-scattering and cloud-nucleating characteristics of the aerosol.

Collins, D

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

262

Modularity, quaternion-Kähler spaces, and mirror symmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We provide an explicit twistorial construction of quaternion-Kähler manifolds obtained by deformation of c-map spaces and carrying an isometric action of the modular group SL(2,Z). The deformation is not assumed to preserve any continuous isometry and therefore this construction presents a general framework for describing NS5-brane instanton effects in string compactifications with N= 2 supersymmetry. In this context the modular invariant parametrization of twistor lines found in this work yields the complete non-perturbative mirror map between type IIA and type IIB physical fields.

Alexandrov, Sergei; Banerjee, Sibasish [Université Montpellier 2, Laboratoire Charles Coulomb UMR 5221, F-34095 Montpellier (France)] [Université Montpellier 2, Laboratoire Charles Coulomb UMR 5221, F-34095 Montpellier (France)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Using the uncharged Kerr black hole as a gravitational mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the study of the possibility to use the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an uncharged Kerr black hole. We use the null geodesic equation in the equatorial plane to prove a theorem concerning the conditions the impact parameter has to satisfy if there shall exist boomerang photons. We derive an equation for these boomerang photons and an equation for the emission angle. Finally, the radial null geodesic equation is integrated numerically in order to illustrate boomerang photons.

Cramer, C R

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Using the Uncharged Kerr Black Hole as a Gravitational Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the study of the possibility to use the Schwarzschild black hole as a gravitational mirror to the more general case of an uncharged Kerr black hole. We use the null geodesic equation in the equatorial plane to prove a theorem concerning the conditions the impact parameter has to satisfy if there shall exist boomerang photons. We derive an equation for these boomerang photons and an equation for the emission angle. Finally, the radial null geodesic equation is integrated numerically in order to illustrate boomerang photons.

Claes R Cramer

1995-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

265

3d mirror symmetry as a canonical transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the free Fermi-gas formulation of certain 3d ${\\cal N}=3$ supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories by allowing Fayet-Iliopoulos couplings as well as mass terms for bifundamental matter fields. The resulting partition functions are given by simple modifications of the argument of the Airy function found previously. With these extra parameters it is easy to see that mirror-symmetry corresponds to linear canonical transformations on the phase space (or operator algebra) of the 1-dimensional fermions.

Drukker, Nadav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Conifold singularities, resumming instantons and non-perturbative mirror symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the instanton corrected hypermultiplet moduli space in type IIB compactifications near a Calabi-Yau conifold point where the size of a two-cycle shrinks to zero. We show that D1-instantons resolve the conifold singularity caused by worldsheet instantons. Furthermore, by resumming the instanton series, we reproduce exactly the results obtained by Ooguri and Vafa on the type IIA side, where membrane instantons correct the hypermultiplet moduli space. Our calculations therefore establish that mirror symmetry holds non-perturbatively in the string coupling.

Frank Saueressig; Stefan Vandoren

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

267

The Startrack experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Legnaro Tandem-Alpi accelerator complex for studying...THE TANDEM-ALPI ACCELERATOR COMPLEX At the Legnaro...fundamental and applied nuclear research. Carbon and...superconductive Linac accelerator. Table-1 lists the...image is detected in vacuum by a beam profile detector......

L. DeNardo; V. Conte; M. Poggi; S. Canella; P. Colautti; D. Moro; G. Tornielli

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

An optically trapped mirror for reaching the standard quantum limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The preparation of a mechanical oscillator driven by quantum back-action is a fundamental requirement to reach the standard quantum limit (SQL) for force measurement, in optomechanical systems. However, thermal fluctuating force generally dominates a disturbance on the oscillator. In the macroscopic scale, an optical linear cavity including a suspended mirror has been used for the weak force measurement, such as gravitational-wave detectors. This configuration has the advantages of reducing the dissipation of the pendulum (i.e., suspension thermal noise) due to a gravitational dilution by using a thin wire, and of increasing the circulating laser power. However, the use of the thin wire is weak for an optical torsional anti-spring effect in the cavity, due to the low mechanical restoring force of the wire. Thus, there is the trade-off between the stability of the system and the sensitivity. Here, we describe using a triangular optical cavity to overcome this limitation for reaching the SQL. The triangular cavity can provide a sensitive and stable system, because it can optically trap the mirror's motion of the yaw, through an optical positive torsional spring effect. To show this, we demonstrate a measurement of the torsional spring effect caused by radiation pressure forces.

Nobuyuki Matsumoto; Yuta Michimura; Yoichi Aso; Kimio Tsubono

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

The ASTRI SST-2M Prototype: Structure and Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of IACT (Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope) will explore the uppermost end of the VHE (Very High Energy) domain up to about few hundreds of TeV with unprecedented sensibility, angular resolution and imaging quality. To this end, INAF (Italian National Institute of Astrophysics) is currently developing a scientific and technological telescope prototype for the implementation of the CTA (Cherenkov Telescope Array) observatory. ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) foresees the full design, development, installation and calibration of a Small Size 4 meter class Telescope. The telescope, named SST-2M, is based on an aplanatic, wide field, double reflection optical layout in a Schwarzschild-Couder configuration. In this paper we report about the technological solutions adopted for the telescope and for the mirrors. In particular the structural and electro-mechanical design of the telescope and the results on the optical performance derived after the development of a prototype of the segments that will be assembled to form the primary mirror.

Rodolfo Canestrari; Osvaldo Catalano; Mauro Fiorini; Enrico Giro; Nicola La Palombara; Giovanni Pareschi; Luca Stringhetti; Gino Tosti; Stefano Vercellone; for the ASTRI Collaboration; Francesco Martelli; Giancarlo Parodi; Pierfrancesco Rossettini; Raffaele Tomelleri

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

270

GDT-based neutron source with multiple-mirror end plugs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new linear trap to be built at the Budker Institute. It combines gasdynamictype central cell with sloshing ions for beam fusion and the multiple-mirror end plugs for improved axial confinement. Thus it is designed as an efficient neutron source and a testbed for future development of mirror-based fusion reactors.

Beklemishev, A.; Anikeev, A.; Burdakov, A.; Ivanov, A.; Ivanov, I.; Postupaev, V.; Sinitsky, S. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

271

Photo-patterning micro-mirror devices using azo dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo-patterning micro-mirror devices using azo dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals Tsung: A simple method for fabricating patternable micro-mirror devices by photo-induced alignment of dye to nearly perfect planar by the photo-excited adsorbed dyes. This structure transformation leads

Wu, Shin-Tson

272

Design study of 8 meter monolithic mirror UV/optical space telescope H. Philip Stahl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design study of 8 meter monolithic mirror UV/optical space telescope H. Philip Stahl NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 ABSTRACT The planned Ares V launch vehicle with its 10 meter to 8 meter class monolithic primary mirror telescope to Sun-Earth L2 using an Ares V. Specific

Sirianni, Marco

273

Planar Gold Nanoparticle Clusters as Microscale Mirrors Jin Young Kim and Frank E. Osterloh*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planar Gold Nanoparticle Clusters as Microscale Mirrors Jin Young Kim and Frank E. Osterloh,4,5 In extension of our work on nanoparticle-based waveguides,6-9 we report here a scalable chemical synthesis of micrometer-scale mirrors based on Au nanoparticles and Ca2Nb3O10 nanoplates. Similar to their macroscale

Osterloh, Frank

274

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme ultraviolet carrier-frequency shearing interferometry of a lithographic four-mirror optical of an EUV Schwarzschild objective.13 Direct comparison of this LSI to the PS/PDI has demon- strated a root-grating, carrier- frequency LSI for testing a lithographic four-mirror EUV optical system. The tests were performed

275

Resonance Effects in Photoemission from TiO2-capped Mo/Si Multilayer Mirrors for Extreme Ultraviolet Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the unbaked vacuum systems of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography steppers, oxide formation and carbon growth on Mo/Si multilayer mirrors (MLMs) are competing processes leading to reflectivity loss. A major contribution to this mirror degradation is a series of surface reactions that are thought to be driven in large part by photoemitted electrons. In this paper, we focus on the resonance effects in photoemission from Mo/Si MLMs protected by thin TiO{sub 2} cap layers. In the vicinity of the resonant energy of the mirror, the energy flux of the EUV radiation forming standing wave oscillates throughout the multilayer stack. As a result, light absorption followed by the emission of photoelectrons becomes a complex process that varies rapidly with depth and photon energy. The electron emission is characterized as a function of the EUV photon energy, the angle of incidence, and the position of the standing wave with respect to the solid/vacuum interface. In our experiments, the position of the standing wave was controlled both by deliberately varying the thickness of the Si terminating layer (of the Mo/Si stack) and by depositing C films of various thicknesses on the TiO{sub 2}. The experimental data are compared with model simulations to examine the changes in photoemission yield due to the presence of carbon and to the changes in the position of the standing wave. We find that carbon deposition can have a dramatic impact on the yield and, therefore, on the rates of electron mediated reactions at the surface.

N Faradzhev; B Yakshinskiy; E Starodub; T Madey; S Hill; S Grantham; T Lucatorto; S Yulin; E Vescovo; J Keister

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Monolithic, two-terminal InP/Ga[sub 0. 47]In[sub 0. 53]As tandem solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monolithic InP/Ga[sub 0.7]In[sub 0.53]As tandem solar cells have been studied extensively in our laboratory over the last 4 years. Using the three-terminal approach, the tandem cell performance progressed rapidly, and improvements in the epitaxial growth and device processing procedures eventually led to a terrestrial concentrator tandem cell efficiency of 31.8%. Recently, our research has been directed towards the development of two-terminal (i.e., series-connected) monolithic InP/Ga[sub 0.47]In[sub 0.53]As tandem cells. Two-terminal tandem cells are desirable because they can he substituted directly for single-junction solar cells in photovoltaic module circuits that are being manufactured presently. Furthermore, in principle, two-terminal tandems should take less time to grow and process than three-terminal tandems, which would lead to reduced cell manufacturing costs. The data obtained from our previous study of three-terminal InP/Ga[sub 0.47]In[sub 0.53]As tandem cells have shown that the potential performance of two-terminal InP/Ga[sub 0.47]In[sub 0.53]As cells is quite high. Two fundamental problems must be addressed to realize high-performance, two-terminal cells. First, an ohmic electrical interconnect between the top and bottom subcells must be integrated into the monolithic structure to connect the subcells in series. The optical and joule losses in the interconnect should be negligible compared to the tandem cell output. Second, because the subcells are connected in series, techniques for matching the subcell photocurrents and maximizing the tandem cell photocurrent, under relevant solar spectra, are necessary to achieve the highest tandem cell efficiency. In this paper, we describe preliminary progress towards solving these problems and outline directions for future work.

Wanlass, M.W.; Ward, J.S.; Emery, K.A.; Coutts, T.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Icon of God and the Mirror of the Soul: Exploring the Origins of Iconography in Patristic Writing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

face to face. ” The icon, therefore, is closely interrelatedTHE ICON OF GOD AND THE MIRROR OF THE SOUL: EXPLORING THEby Andreas Andreopoulos The icon is also a mirror, fashioned

Andreopoulos, Andreas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Broadband extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirror for supercontinuum light at a photon energy of 35-65 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a broadband multilayer mirror for photon energies between 35 and 65 eV. This extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mirror has an almost flat reflectivity profile at normal...

Hatayama, Masatoshi; Takenaka, Hisataka; Gullikson, Eric M; Suda, Akira; Midorikawa, Katsumi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Opto-thermal analysis of a lightweighted mirror for solar telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, an opto-thermal analysis of a moderately heated lightweighted solar telescope mirror is carried out using 3D finite element analysis (FEA). A physically realistic heat transfer model is developed to account for the radiative heating and energy exchange of the mirror with surroundings. The numerical simulations show the non-uniform temperature distribution and associated thermo-elastic distortions of the mirror blank clearly mimicking the underlying discrete geometry of the lightweighted substrate. The computed mechanical deformation data is analyzed with surface polynomials and the optical quality of the mirror is evaluated with the help of a ray-tracing software. The thermal print-through distortions are further shown to contribute to optical figure changes and mid-spatial frequency errors of the mirror surface. A comparative study presented for three commonly used substrate materials, namely, Zerodur, Pyrex and Silicon Carbide (SiC) is relevant to vast area of large optics requirements in gro...

Banyal, Ravinder K; Chatterjee, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Performance of an optimally contact-cooled high-heat-load mirror at the APS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray undulator beamlines at third-generation synchrotrons facilities use either a monochromator or a mirror as the first optical element. In this paper, the thermal and optical performance of an optimally designed contact-cooled high-heat-load x-ray mirror used as the first optical element on the 2ID undulator beamline at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) is reported. It is shown that this simple and economical mirror design can comfortably handle the high heat load of undulator beamlines and provide good performance with long-term reliability and ease of operation. Availability and advantages of such mirrors can make the mirror-first approach to high-heat-load beamline design an attractive alternative to monochromator-first beamlines in many circumstances.

Cai, Z.; Khounsary, A.; Lai, B.; McNulty, I.; Yun, W.

1998-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

All solid-state SBS phase conjugate mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) phase conjugate laser mirror uses a solid-state nonlinear gain medium instead of the conventional liquid or high pressure gas medium. The concept has been effectively demonstrated using common optical-grade fused silica. An energy threshold of 2.5 mJ and a slope efficiency of over 90% were achieved, resulting in an overall energy reflectivity of >80% for 15 ns, 1 um laser pulses. The use of solid-state materials is enabled by a multi-pass resonant architecture which suppresses transient fluctuations that would otherwise result in damage to the SBS medium. This all solid state phase conjugator is safer, more reliable, and more easily manufactured than prior art designs. It allows nonlinear wavefront correction to be implemented in industrial and defense laser systems whose operating environments would preclude the introduction of potentially hazardous liquids or high pressure gases. 8 figs.

Dane, C.B.; Hackel, L.A.

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

282

Collisional Processes at Low Densities in Magnetic Mirror Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of collisional processes in plasmas produced by neutral?atom injection into magnetic mirror fields is described. The emphasis is on the many collisional processes which occur as the plasma density increases. Experimental and theoretical results are given. The experimental results are discussed first in terms of a simple model which assumes a Maxwellian electron distribution and a monoenergetic ion component of much higher energy. Analytical solutions may be obtained for this model. Also presented is a more complete theory employing two time?dependent Fokker?Planck equations to describe the behavior of the electron and ion distribution functions. Both models are in good agreement with measured values of the electron temperature and plasma potential. The equilibrium values of these two quantities are found to vary as the 3 5 power of the ratio of the plasma density to the background?gas density.

A. H. Futch; C. C. Damm; J. H. Foote; A. L. Gardner; J. Killeen

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I show how to canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole in Lema\\^itre coordinates and then present a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation based upon this procedure. The key result of quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent and so problem is intrinsically non-static. From this it follows that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about vacuum states; rather, one should focus attention on steady state phenomena such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the approximations used to study this problem I begin by discussing the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Marvin Weinstein

2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

284

The ASTRI SST-2M Prototype: Structure and Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of IACT (Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope) will explore the uppermost end of the VHE (Very High Energy) domain up to about few hundreds of TeV with unprecedented sensibility, angular resolution and imaging quality. To this end, INAF (Italian National Institute of Astrophysics) is currently developing a scientific and technological telescope prototype for the implementation of the CTA (Cherenkov Telescope Array) observatory. ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana) foresees the full design, development, installation and calibration of a Small Size 4 meter class Telescope. The telescope, named SST-2M, is based on an aplanatic, wide field, double reflection optical layout in a Schwarzschild-Couder configuration. In this paper we report about the technological solutions adopted for the telescope and for the mirrors. In particular the structural and electro-mechanical design of the telescope and the results on the optical performance derived after the development ...

Canestrari, Rodolfo; Fiorini, Mauro; Giro, Enrico; La Palombara, Nicola; Pareschi, Giovanni; Stringhetti, Luca; Tosti, Gino; Vercellone, Stefano; Martelli, Francesco; Parodi, Giancarlo; Rossettini, Pierfrancesco; Tomelleri, Raffaele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I show how to canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole in Lema\\^itre coordinates and then present a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation based upon this procedure. The key result of quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent and so problem is intrinsically non-static. From this it follows that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about vacuum states; rather, one should focus attention on steady state phenomena such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the approximations used to study this problem I begin by discussing the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Weinstein, M A

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Moving Mirrors, Black Holes, Hawking Radiation and All That  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this talk I show how, in Lemaitre coordinates, one can canonically quantize a massless scalar field in the background of a Schwarzschild black hole and then show how this leads to a simplified derivation of Hawking radiation. The key result of the canonical quantization procedure is that the Hamiltonian of the system is explicitly time dependent, which immediately shows that the problem is intrinsically non-static and that, although a unitary time-development operator exists, it is not useful to talk about eigenstates. Rather, one should deal with the Heisenberg equations of motion and focus attention on steady state phenomena, such as the Hawking radiation. In order to clarify the procedure used to solve the Heisenberg equations I first discuss the related problem of the massless scalar field theory calculated in the presence of a moving mirror.

Weinstein, Marvin

2001-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

287

Gamma Ray Mirrors for Direct Measurement of Spent Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurement of the amount of Pu and U in spent nuclear fuel represents a challenge for the safeguards community. Ideally, the characteristic gamma-ray emission lines from different isotopes provide an observable suitable for this task. However, these lines are generally lost in the fierce flux of radiation emitted by the fuel. The rates are so high that detector dead times limit measurements to only very small solid angles of the fuel. Only through the use of carefully designed view ports and long dwell times are such measurements possible. Recent advances in multilayer grazing-incidence gamma-ray optics provide one possible means of overcoming this difficulty. With a proper optical and coating design, such optics can serve as a notch filter, passing only narrow regions of the overall spectrum to a fully shielded detector that does not view the spent fuel directly. We report on the design of a mirror system and a number of experimental measurements.

Pivovaroff, Dr. Michael J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ziock, Klaus-Peter [ORNL] [ORNL; Harrison, Mark J [ORNL] [ORNL; Soufli, Regina [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Development of stressed membrane heliostat mirror module: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a commercial stressed membrane 150 m/sup 2/ heliostat mirror module based on thin .0762 mm (.003 in.) stainless steel is reported. The fabrication and initial evaluations of a 50 m/sup 2/ first of a kind prototype is reported and represents the first proof of principal for this advanced heliostat concept. The baseline design, manufacturing and installation of these vacuum focused double membrane ''thin drum'' heliostats has been established. The results of prototype testing will allow the designs and manufacturing scenarios for these 10.7 kg/m/sup 2/, 2.2 lb/ft/sup 2/, $65/m/sup 2/ heliostats to be refined and installation costs reduced.

Butler, B.L.; Beninga, K.; Loomis, W.C.; Royval, P.J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

All solid-state SBS phase conjugate mirror  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) phase conjugate laser mirror uses a solid-state nonlinear gain medium instead of the conventional liquid or high pressure gas medium. The concept has been effectively demonstrated using common optical-grade fused silica. An energy threshold of 2.5 mJ and a slope efficiency of over 90% were achieved, resulting in an overall energy reflectivity of >80% for 15 ns, 1 um laser pulses. The use of solid-state materials is enabled by a multi-pass resonant architecture which suppresses transient fluctuations that would otherwise result in damage to the SBS medium. This all solid state phase conjugator is safer, more reliable, and more easily manufactured than prior art designs. It allows nonlinear wavefront correction to be implemented in industrial and defense laser systems whose operating environments would preclude the introduction of potentially hazardous liquids or high pressure gases.

Dane, Clifford B. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators G Johnston, G. Burgess, K. Lovegrove and A. Luzzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators G Johnston, G. Burgess, K. Lovegrove to the success of all solar concentrators of this nature are cost effective and durable mirror panel components World Solar Congress 743 #12;Economic Mass Producible Mirror Panels for Solar Concentrators Johnston

291

A POWER SHAFT FOR THE MUNICH MP-TANDEM H. STEFFENS, L. ROHRER and S. J. SKORKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

000 rpm was chosen. The generators are excited by permanent magnets and show a soft voltage1583 A POWER SHAFT FOR THE MUNICH MP-TANDEM H. STEFFENS, L. ROHRER and S. J. SKORKA power shaft developed for the Munich MP-Tandem is described. The shaft transfers energy at a rate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

TeV Scale Quantum Gravity and Mirror Supernovae as Sources of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter models have been suggested recently as an explanation of neutrino puzzles and microlensing anomalies. We show that mirror supernovae can be a copious source of energetic gamma rays if one assumes that the quantum gravity scale is in the TeV range. We show that under certain assumptions plausible in the mirror models, the gamma energies could be degraded to the 10 MeV range (and perhaps even further) so as to provide an explanation of observed gamma ray bursts. This mechanism for the origin of the gamma ray bursts has the advantage that it neatly avoids the ``baryon load problem''.

R. N. Mohapatra; S. Nussinov; V. L. Teplitz

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

293

Sagnac interferometry as a probe to the commutation relation of a macroscopic quantum mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single photon Sagnac interferometry as a probe to macroscopic quantum mechanics is considered at the theoretical level. For a freely moving macroscopic quantum mirror susceptible to radiation pressure force inside a Sagnac interferometer, a careful analysis of the input-output relation reveals that the particle spectrum readout at the bright and dark ports encode information concerning the noncommutativity of position and momentum of the macroscopic mirror. A feasible experimental scheme to probe the commutation relation of a macroscopic quantum mirror is outlined to explore the possible frontier between classical and quantum regimes. In the Appendix, the case of Michelson interferometry as a feasible probe is also sketched.

Yang Ran; Gong Xuefei; Pei Shouyong; Luo Ziren; Lau, Y. K. [Physics Department, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Institute of High Energy Physics, Theoretical Physics Center for Science Facilities, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Physics Department, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15, Beisihuanxi road, Beijing 100190 (China); Institute of Applied Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 55, Zhongguancun Donglu, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Experiments with probe masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...generated by very high energy muons will pass through the mirror...much more frequent low-energy muons of cosmic origin. At the...experimentalist should expect ?20 muons per sec hitting the mirror (within the energy range 0.2 GeV < ?...

V. B. Braginsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Tandem Queueing Model for Delay Analysis in Disconnected Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Tandem Queueing Model for Delay Analysis in Disconnected Ad Hoc Networks Ahmad Al-Hanbali, Roland, The Netherlands ABSTRACT Ad hoc network routing protocols may fail to operate in the absence of an end, Performance analysis. 1. INTRODUCTION End-to-end connectivity is not a natural property of ad hoc networks

Boucherie, Richard J.

296

Lattice Boltzmann simulations of 2D laminar flows past two tandem cylinders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Boltzmann simulations of 2D laminar flows past two tandem cylinders Alberto Mussa the lattice Boltzmann equation (LBE) with multiple-relaxation-time (MRT) colli- sion model to simulate laminar. Introduction In recent years the lattice Boltzmann equation (LBE) has become a viable means for computational

Luo, Li-Shi

297

Direct-bonded GaAs/InGaAs tandem solar cell Katsuaki Tanabe,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct-bonded GaAs/InGaAs tandem solar cell Katsuaki Tanabe,a Anna Fontcuberta i Morral,b and Harry, Pasadena, California 91125 Daniel J. Aiken Emcore Photovoltaics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 Mark W. Wanlass National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 Received 19 March 2006; accepted 26

Atwater, Harry

298

Tandem Mass Spectrometry for the Direct Assay of Lysosomal Enzymes in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS-I)4 is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of -L- iduronidase (Id-Scheie syndromes. IdA is essential for the degradation within lysosomes of the glycosamino- glycans dermatan recognition of MPS-I. Flu- orometric, radiometric, and electrospray ionization­ tandem mass spectrometry (ESI

Gelb, Michael

299

Synthetic Strategies for the Lepadiformines and Cylindricine C via Tandem Schmidt Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a formal synthesis of lepadiformine A and a total synthesis of lepadiformine C. In another project, a tandem Diels-Alder/Schmidt reaction is utilized to prepare a similar tricyclic lactam. This process is applied toward an asymmetric total synthesis...

Meyer, Angelica Michelle

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Tandem Catalytic Conversion of Glucose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural with an Immobilized Enzyme and a Solid Acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tandem Catalytic Conversion of Glucose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural with an Immobilized Enzyme and a Solid Acid ... Conversion of cellulosic biomass to renewable chemicals such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is of high current interest. ... The materials were studied and compared in the selective dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). ...

Hua Huang; Carl A. Denard; Ricardo Alamillo; Anthony J. Crisci; Yurun Miao; James. A. Dumesic; Susannah L. Scott; Huimin Zhao

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

THE UPGRADED YALE MP TANDEM ACCELERATOR A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1345 THE UPGRADED YALE MP TANDEM ACCELERATOR K. SATO A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory Yale. Substantial improvements have becii made to the accelerator tube and beam line vacuum by the addi- tion of 2 the vacuum at the low-energy and high energy ends of the accelerator is typically 5 x 10-g torr. Largely

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

Design of a small fast steering mirror for airborne and aerospace applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the analysis and design of a small advanced fast steering mirror (sAFSM) for airborne and aerospace platforms. The sAFSM provides feedback-controlled articulation of two rotational axes for precision ...

Boulet, Michael Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Microfabrication of Optically Flat Silicon Micro-Mirrors for Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Gratings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have fabricated and characterized a Fully Programmable Micro-Diffraction Grating (FPMDG) with 64 silicon micro-mirrors for spectral shaping in the visible and near-infrared wavelength range. The FPMDG arrays of 50 ?m ...

Timotijevic, B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Advanced Technology Solar Telescope 4.2 m Off-axis Primary Mirror Fabrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advanced optical surfacing technologies are applied for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope 4.2 m off-axis primary mirror fabrication. A newly developed Stressed lap and IR...

Kim, Dae Wook; Oh, Chang Jin; Su, Peng; Burge, James H

305

Flexural Stiffnesses of and Dimensional Stability in Circular Quasi-isotropic Laminate Mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buffer layers on composite mirrors for high surface smoothness. In this dissertation document, radial stiffness associated with stacking sequence effects in quasi-isotropic laminates (pi/n, where n=3, 4, and 6) and dimensional stability in the composite...

Kim, Kyungpyo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A DISCUSSION OF HEAT MIRROR FILM: PERFORMANCE, PRODUCTION PROCESS, AND COST ESTIMATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer thnough a window by using Intrex film as a heatwindow construction will be PROCESS DESCRIPTION Intrex filmWindows and Lighting Program Building 90, Room 2056 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Berkeley, California -ii- A DISCUSSION OF HEAT MIRROR FILM:

Levin, B. P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Demonstration of achromatic cold-neutron microscope utilizing axisymmetric focusing mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An achromatic cold-neutron microscope with magnification 4 is demonstrated. The image-forming optics is composed of nested coaxial mirrors of full figures of revolution, so-called Wolter optics. The spatial resolution, ...

Liu, Dazhi

308

Brain organization mirrors caste differences, colony founding and nest architecture in paper wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 42 14 133 Brain organization mirrors caste differences...social organization and may affect mosaic brain evolution. We asked whether the relative size of functionally distinct brain regions corresponds to species differences...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric mirror dark Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this picture, and (5) the flat mirror at the focal plane. Right image... on the design of Schwarzschild-Chang type telescope. With only two ... Source: Pak, Soojong - Department of...

310

On eikonal distribution in the aperture of a two-mirror telescopic system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The derivation of the formula describing the eikonal distribution in the aperture of an axially symmetric two-mirror system with the source displaced from the ... of the eikonal in the aperture of a Schwarzschild

A. S. Venetskiy; V. A. Kaloshin

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Anisotropy and crystal orientation of silicon--application to the modeling of a bent mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Matrix formula and MATLAB algorithm are proposed to calculate the stiffness coefficient matrix C, the Young's modulus, shear modulus and Poisson ratio for the silicon crystal in any orientation. Results for Si(110) and Si(311) are given as an example. The anisotropic material properties of the silicon have been used in the mirror width profile optimization for the nano-imaging end-station ID22NI at the ESRF. As the Si(110) is used as the substrate of this multilayer coated KB mirror, the silicon crystal axis [0 0 1] is proposed to orient to the mirror axis. This is the case to have low stress in the mirror and low bending forces from actuators.

Zhang Lin [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

312

On Integration of Mirror Collector and Stirling Engine for Solar Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the current work, several types of solar collectors, i.e. parabolic, cylindrical, and mirrors, were designed and fabricated. The aim of this study is to integrate the optimum collector with Stirling engine in ...

B.F. Yousif; Ammar Al-Shalabi; Dirk G. Rilling

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Comparison of Fresnel lenses and parabolic mirrors as solar energy concentrators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the gain that can be achieved with a one- or two-stage concentrator, when the first stage is a Fresnel lens or a parabolic mirror, as a function of the luminosity...

Lorenzo, E; Luque, A

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror system, high power laser and laser peening method and system using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

315

Method for pulse control in a laser including a stimulated brillouin scattering mirror system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser system, such as a master oscillator/power amplifier system, comprises a gain medium and a stimulated Brillouin scattering SBS mirror system. The SBS mirror system includes an in situ filtered SBS medium that comprises a compound having a small negative non-linear index of refraction, such as a perfluoro compound. An SBS relay telescope having a telescope focal point includes a baffle at the telescope focal point which blocks off angle beams. A beam splitter is placed between the SBS mirror system and the SBS relay telescope, directing a fraction of the beam to an alternate beam path for an alignment fiducial. The SBS mirror system has a collimated SBS cell and a focused SBS cell. An adjustable attenuator is placed between the collimated SBS cell and the focused SBS cell, by which pulse width of the reflected beam can be adjusted.

Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Harris, Fritz B. (Rocklin, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

316

Measurement of in-service vibration of interior mirrors using virtual laser technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Spanish company IDIADA AT, Santa Oliva (Tarragona), has developed a novel measurement technique that uses a virtual laser technique to quantify in-service vibration levels of interior and exterior mirrors and...

Carlos Grasas; Juan Jesus García

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Aerial 3D LED Display by use of Crossed-mirror Array  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to realize aerial 3D LED signage, we have fabricated a crossed-mirror array for LEDs. Aerial LED signs have been successfully formed. We have investigated image formation with...

Yamamoto, Hirotsugu

318

Design and shape control of lightweight mirrors for dynamic performance and athermalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The next generation of space telescopes will need to meet increasingly challenging science goals. For these new systems to meet resolution goals, the collecting area of the primary mirror will need to be increased. However, ...

Jordan, Elizabeth (Elizabeth O.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Optimal Design of Multilayer Mirrors for Water-Window Microscope Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A small bandwidth of periodic multilayers at wavelengths 2.4–4.4 nm presents problems for the spectral matching of mirrors. This leads to low throughput of a Schwarzschild microscope and its sensitivity to techno...

Yurii Uspenskii; Denis Burenkov; Tadashi Hatano; Masaki Yamamoto

320

Design and analysis of a two-channel three-mirror x-ray telescope: errata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternate configurations for a two-channel three-mirror glancing incidence x-ray telescope have been designed and evaluated. A Wolter-Schwarzschild type I telescope is used as a base...

Kassim, Abd M; Shealy, David L

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Planar feasibility study for primary mirror control of large imaging space systems using binary actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The greatest discoveries in astronomy have come with advancements in ground-based observatories and space telescopes. Latest trends in ground-based observatories have been ever increasing size of the primary mirror, providing ...

Lee, Seung Jae, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Performance analysis of Azimuth Tracking Fixed Mirror Solar Concentrator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fixed mirror solar collector (FMSC) fixes reflector and mobiles receiver to collect solar energy. However, this type of concentrator has a low efficiency and short operating duration in practical applications. In this paper, we propose to install the FMSC on an azimuth tracking device (ATFMSC) and the reflectors are arranged by intermission to avoid the shading of neighbor reflector for incidence angle of less than 10° to improve its optical performance. Through the integration of the reflected solar radiation distribution function over any reflection point, and then the whole collector aperture, we develop the analytical expressions of various system efficiencies to numerically simulate the performance of ATFMSC with evacuated tube receiver in different design parameters. It is validated by the ray tracing results. The result shows that the mean annual net heat efficiency of the whole system would be up to 61% with the operating temperature of 400 °C, which is higher than parabolic trough collector and traditional FMSC. This is because the longitudinal incidence angle of ATFMSC always remains zero by tracking the sun azimuth, so the end loss of the concentrator can be avoided and enables it to operate with high efficiency continually.

Longlong Li; Huairui Li; Qian Xu; Weidong Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Finite beta plasma equilibrium in toroidally linked mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of finite pressure plasma equilibrium in a system with closed magnetic field lines consisting of quadrupole mirrors linked by simple toroidal cells with elliptical cross-sections is analyzed. An appropriate analytical procedure is developed, that uses conformal mapping techniques, which enables one to obtain the magnetic field structure for the free boundary equilibrium problem. This method has general applicability for finding analytic solutions of the two-dimensional Dirichlet problem outside of an arbitrary closed contour. Using this method, the deformations of the plasma equilibrium configuration due to finite plasma pressure in the toroidal cell are calculated analytically to the second order in {lambda}-expansion, where {lambda} {approximately} {beta}/{epsilon}E, {beta} is the ratio of plasma pressure to the magnetic field pressure, {epsilon} is the inverse aspect ratio and E is the ellipticity of the plasma cross-section. The outer displacement of the plasma column is shown to depend nonlinearly on the increase of plasma pressure, and does not prevent the achievement of substantial {beta} {approximately} 10% in the toroidal cells.

Ilgisonis, V.I.; Berk, H.L.; Pastukhov, V.P.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Transport and equilibrium in field-reversed mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two plasma models relevant to compact torus research have been developed to study transport and equilibrium in field reversed mirrors. In the first model for small Larmor radius and large collision frequency, the plasma is described as an adiabatic hydromagnetic fluid. In the second model for large Larmor radius and small collision frequency, a kinetic theory description has been developed. Various aspects of the two models have been studied in five computer codes ADB, AV, NEO, OHK, RES. The ADB code computes two dimensional equilibrium and one dimensional transport in a flux coordinate. The AV code calculates orbit average integrals in a harmonic oscillator potential. The NEO code follows particle trajectories in a Hill's vortex magnetic field to study stochasticity, invariants of the motion, and orbit average formulas. The OHK code displays analytic psi(r), B/sub Z/(r), phi(r), E/sub r/(r) formulas developed for the kinetic theory description. The RES code calculates resonance curves to consider overlap regions relevant to stochastic orbit behavior.

Boyd, J.K.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Study of fusion product effects in field-reversed mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of fusion products (fps) on Field-Reversed Mirror (FRM) reactor concepts has been evaluated through the development of two new computer models. The first code (MCFRM) treats fps as test particles in a fixed background plasma, which is represented as a fluid. MCFRM includes a Monte Carlo treatment of Coulomb scattering and thus provides an accurate treatment of fp behavior even at lower energies where pitch-angle scattering becomes important. The second code (FRMOD) is a steady-state, globally averaged, two-fluid (ion and electron), point model of the FRM plasma that incorporates fp heating and ash buildup values which are consistent with the MCFRM calculations. These codes have been used extensively in the development of an advanced-fuel FRM reactor design (SAFFIRE). A Catalyzed-D version of the plant is also discussed along with an investigation of the steady-state energy distribution of fps in the FRM. User guides for the two computer codes are also included.

Driemeyer, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Vortex strings in electric dipole radiation near a mirror  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy flow pattern of the radiation emitted by an oscillating electric dipole near a mirror has a complicated structure, including numerous singularities and vortices. We consider the flow lines of energy in the plane through the surface normal and the oscillation direction of the dipole. It is shown that the vortices are due to the vanishing of the magnetic field at their centers. The locations of the vortices have the appearance of beads on strings, and there are four such strings. The rotation direction of the energy flow for each vortex on a given string is the same. There are two strings with clockwise rotation and two strings with counterclockwise rotation. Field lines of energy flow either start or end at the center of a vortex. For a given string, field lines end at each vortex or field lines start at each vortex. There are two strings on which field lines end at the centers of the vortices, and there are two strings on which field lines start inside the vortices.

Xin Li; Henk F. Arnoldus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Measurement of multilayer mirror reflectivity and stimulated emission in the XUV spectral region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of multilayer mirror reflectivity and stimulated emission in the XUV spectral region. A molybdenum-silicon multilayer mirror with 12% measured reflectivity at 182 A was found to produce a 120% enhancement of the C VI 182 A line (3 ..-->.. 2 transition) in a strongly recombining plasma. No such enhancement of the CV 186.7 A line was seen, demonstrating amplification of stimulated emission at 182 A.

Keane, C.; Nam, C.H.; Meixler, L.; Milchberg, H.; Skinner, C.H.; Suckewer, S.; Voorhees, D.; Barbee, T.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Relative radiant heat absorption characteristics of two types of mirror shields and a polished aluminum shield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Approved...

Herron, Steven Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

329

Fast Neutron - Mirror Neutron Oscillation and Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If there exists the mirror world, a parallel hidden sector of particles with exactly the same microphysics as that of the observable particles, then the primordial nucleosynthesis constraints require that the temperature of the cosmic background of mirror relic photons should be smaller than that of the ordinary relic photons, T'/T neutron - mirror neutron oscillation in vacuum, with an oscillation time $\\tau \\sim 1$ s, much smaller than the neutron lifetime. We show that this could provide a very efficient mechanism for transporting ultra high energy protons at large cosmological distances. The mechanism operates as follows: a super-GZK energy proton scatters a relic photon producing a neutron that oscillates into a mirror neutron which then decays into a mirror proton. The latter undergoes a symmetric process, scattering a mirror relic photon and producing back an ordinary nucleon, but only after traveling a distance $(T/T')^{3}$ times larger than ordinary protons. This may relax or completely remove the GZK-cutoff in the cosmic ray spectrum and also explain the correlation between the observed ultra high energy protons and far distant sources as are the BL Lacs.

Zurab Berezhiani; Luis Bento

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

330

A high selective and sensitive liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method for quantization of BPA urinary levels in children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A selective and highly sensitive liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for determination of Bisphenol A (BPA) in human urine using labeled d6-BPA as internal stand...

Carla Nicolucci; Sergio Rossi; Ciro Menale…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Tandem Accelerator with Vacuum Insulation for Boron-Neutron-Capture Therapy and Detection of Explosives by Resonance Absorption of ?-Rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of the design work on an electrostatic tandem-accelerator with vacuum insulation for 2.5 MeV protons and ... neutron therapy and the detection of explosives by nuclear-resonance absorption of ?-rays.

G. I. Dimov; Yu. I. Bel'chenko; G. S. Krainov; R. A. Salimov…

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Cells for High-Performance Solar Concentrators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new approach for ultra-high-performance tandem solar cells that involves inverted epitaxial growth and ultra-thin device processing. The additional degree of freedom afforded by the inverted design allows the monolithic integration of high-, and medium-bandgap, lattice-matched (LM) subcell materials with lower-bandgap, lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials in a tandem structure through the use of transparent compositionally graded layers. The current work concerns an inverted, series-connected, triple-bandgap, GaInP (LM, 1.87 eV)/GaAs (LM, 1.42 eV)/GaInAs (LMM, {approx}1 eV) device structure grown on a GaAs substrate. Ultra-thin tandem devices are fabricated by mounting the epiwafers to pre-metallized Si wafer handles and selectively removing the parent GaAs substrate. The resulting handle-mounted, ultra-thin tandem cells have a number of important advantages, including improved performance and potential reclamation/reuse of the parent substrate for epitaxial growth. Additionally, realistic performance modeling calculations suggest that terrestrial concentrator efficiencies in the range of 40-45% are possible with this new tandem cell approach. A laboratory-scale (0.24 cm2), prototype GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell with a terrestrial concentrator efficiency of 37.9% at a low concentration ratio (10.1 suns) is described, which surpasses the previous world efficiency record of 37.3%.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

High-efficiency, monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, photovoltaic energy converters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem solar photovoltaic converter has at least one, and preferably at least two, subcells grown lattice-matched on a substrate with a bandgap in medium to high energy portions of the solar spectrum and at least one subcell grown lattice-mismatched to the substrate with a bandgap in the low energy portion of the solar spectrum, for example, about 1 eV.

Wanlass, Mark W

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

334

A new simulation approach and its integration with perturbation analysis in tandem queueing systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. (August 1992) Ki- Young Jeong, B. E. (Industrial Engr. ), Korea University, Korea Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Don T, Phillips This research presents a new simulation approach (NSA) to a single-server tandem queueing system (TQS) and empirically... resource, a single name can be assigned to several different resource types with each resource having its own capacity. 2. 1. 2. Components and structures of an EDSA The following components and structures of an EDSA are well explained by Law P. aw...

Jeong, Ki-Young

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Photo of the Week | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Photo of the Week Photo of the Week Photo of the Week Addthis Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment 1 of 28 Inside the Tandem Mirror Experiment This 1978 photo shows two workers inside the Mirror Fusion Test Facility, a magnetic confinement fusion device designed and built at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In this experiment, magnetic mirrors are placed at both ends of a central magnetic tube. Very hot and dense plasmas inside each mirror enhanced the confinement of another plasma inside the central tube, where the bulk of the fusion would occur. Image: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Date taken: 2012-12-28 12:00 Rocky Flats Wildlife Refuge 2 of 28 Rocky Flats Wildlife Refuge The Rocky Flats Plant was first established in 1951 as a nuclear weapons manufacturing facility. Today, almost 4,000 acres make up the Rocky Flats

336

Characterization Of High-Stroke High-Aspect Ratio Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Deformable Mirrors For Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirrors For Adaptive Optics, PhD Thesis, University ofFabrication Adaptive  optics  applications  in  astronomy  Max, Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California,

Bouchti, Mohamed Amine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Fusion neutron generation computations in a stellarator-mirror hybrid with neutral beam injection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper [Moiseenko V.E., Noack K., Agren O. 'Stellarator-mirror based fusion driven fission reactor' J Fusion Energy 29 (2010) 65.], a version of a fusion driven system (FDS), i.e. a sub-critical fast fission assembly with a fusion plasma neutron source, is proposed. The plasma part of the reactor is based on a stellarator with a small mirror part. Hot ions with high perpendicular energy are assumed to be trapped in the magnetic mirror part. The stellarator part which connects to the mirror part and provides confinement for the bulk (deuterium) plasma. In the magnetic well of the mirror part, fusion reactions occur from collisions between a of hot ion component (tritium) with cold background plasma ions. RF heating is one option to heat the tritium. A more conventional method to sustain the hot ions is neutral beam injection (NBI), which is here studied numerically for the above-mentioned hybrid scheme. For these studies, a new kinetic code, KNBIM, has been developed. The code takes into account Coulomb collisions between the hot ions and the background plasma. The geometry of the confining magnetic field is arbitrary for the code. It is accounted for via a numerical bounce averaging procedure. Along with the kinetic calculations the neutron generation intensity and its spatial distribution are computed.

Moiseenko, V. E.; Agren, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-7512 Uppsala (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

Microscopic surface structure of C/SiC composite mirrors for space cryogenic telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the microscopic surface structure of carbon-fiber-reinforced silicon carbide (C/SiC) composite mirrors that have been improved for the Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA) and other cooled telescopes. The C/SiC composite consists of carbon fiber, silicon carbide, and residual silicon. Specific microscopic structures are found on the surface of the bare C/SiC mirrors after polishing. These structures are considered to be caused by the different hardness of those materials. The roughness obtained for the bare mirrors is 20 nm rms for flat surfaces and 100 nm rms for curved surfaces. It was confirmed that a SiSiC slurry coating is effective in reducing the roughness to 2 nm rms. The scattering properties of the mirrors were measured at room temperature and also at 95 K. No significant change was found in the scattering properties through cooling, which suggests that the microscopic surface structure is stable with changes in temperature down to cryogenic values. The C/SiC mirror with the SiSiC slurry coating is a promising candidate for the SPICA telescope.

Keigo Enya; Takao Nakagawa; Hidehiro Kaneda; Takashi Onaka; Tuyoshi Ozaki; Masami Kume

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Repl...

Pareschi, G; Antonelli, L A; Bastieri, D; Bellassai, G; Belluso, M; Bigongiari, C; Billotta, S; Biondo, B; Bonanno, G; Bonnoli, G; Bruno, P; Bulgarelli, A; Canestrari, R; Capalbi, M; Caraveo, P; Carosi, A; Cascone, E; Catalano, O; Cereda, M; Conconi, P; Conforti, V; Cusumano, G; De Caprio, V; De Luca, A; Di Paola, A; Di Pierro, F; Fantinel, D; Fiorini, M; Fugazza, D; Gardiol, D; Ghigo, M; Gianotti, F; Giarrusso, S; Giro, E; Grillo, A; Impiombato, D; Incorvaia, S; La Barbera, A; La Palombara, N; La Parola, V; La Rosa, G; Lessio, L; Leto, G; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Maccarone, M C; Malaguti, G; Malaspina, G; Mangano, V; Marano, D; Martinetti, E; Millul, R; Mineo, T; MistÒ, A; Morello, C; Morlino, G; Panzera, M R; Rodeghiero, G; Romano, P; Russo, F; Sacco, B; Sartore, N; Schwarz, J; Segreto, A; Sironi, G; Sottile, G; Stamerra, A; Strazzeri, E; Stringhetti, L; Tagliaferri, G; Testa, V; Timpanaro, M C; Toso, G; Tosti, G; Trifoglio, M; Vallania, P; Vercellone, S; Zitelli, V; Amans, J P; Boisson, C; Costille, C; Dournaux, J L; Dumas, D; Fasola, G; Hervet, O; Huet, J M; Laporte, P; Rulten, C; Sol, H; Zech, A; White, R; Hinton, J; Ross, D; Sykes, J; Ohm, S; Schmoll, J; Chadwick, P; Greenshaw, T; Daniel, M; Cotter, G; Varner, G S; Funk, S; Vandenbroucke, J; Sapozhnikov, L; Buckley, J; Moore, P; Williams, D; Markoff, S; Vink, J; Berge, D; Hidaka, N; Okumura, A; Tajima, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ignition Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ignition Experiments The goal of many NIF experiments is to create a self-sustaining "burn" of fusion fuel (the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium) that produces as much or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Safety and power multiplication aspects of mirror fusion-fission hybrids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, in a research project at Uppsala University a simplified neutronic model for a straight field line mirror hybrid has been devised and its most important operation parameters have been calculated under the constraints of a fission power production of 3 GW and that the effective multiplication factor k{sub eff} does not exceed 0.95. The model can be considered as representative for hybrids driven by other types of mirrors too. In order to reduce the demand on the fusion power of the mirror, a modified option of the hybrid has been considered that generates a reduced fission power of 1.5 GW with an increased maximal value k{sub eff}=0.97. The present paper deals with nuclear safety aspects of this type of hybrids. It presents and discusses calculation results of reactivity effects as well as of driver effects.

Noack, Klaus; Agren, Olov; Kaellne, Jan; Hagnestal, Anders; Moiseenko, Vladimir E. [Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

342

Phase effects owing to multilayer coatings in a two-mirror extreme-ultraviolet Schwarzschild objective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aberrations of a multilayer-coated reflective Schwarzchild objective, which are influenced both by mirror surface profiles and by multilayer coatings, are evaluated with a phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer operating in the extreme ultraviolet. Using wave-front measurements at multiple wavelengths near 13.4 nm, we observed chromatic aberrations and wavelength-dependent transmission changes that were due to molybdenum{endash}silicon multilayer coatings. The effects of chromatic vignetting due to limited multilayer reflection passbands on the imaging performance of the Schwarzchild optic are considered. The coating characteristics extracted from the interferometry data on the two-mirror optical system are compared with previously reported coating properties measured on individual mirror substrates. {copyright} 1998 Optical Society of America

Tejnil, E.; Goldberg, K.A.; Bokor, J. [Center for X-Ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Multi-range free-electron laser with a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the experimental achievement of a free-electron laser in three wavelength regions, mid-infrared, near-infrared, and visible, using a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors in the storage ring NIJI-IV. Dielectric multilayer mirrors can have high reflectivity at wavelength regions corresponding to higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength. A narrowing of the relative bandwidth of the dielectric multilayer mirrors was observed in the higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength and was found to be caused by high diffraction and carbon contamination. Our experimental results will be applied to development of a multi-rang laser that have a gain in a wade wavelength region.

Sei, Norihiro; Ogawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Kawakatsu [Research Institute of Instrumentation Frontier, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: II-Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation flight configuration of the Simbol-X mission implies that the X-ray mirror module will be open to Space on both ends. In order to reduce the power required to maintain the thermal stability and, therefore, the high angular resolution of the shell optics, a thin foil thermal shield will cover the mirror module. Different options are presently being studied for the foil material of these shields. We report results of an experimental investigation conducted to verify that the scattering of X-rays, by interaction with the thin foil material of the thermal shield, will not significantly affect the performances of the telescope.

Barbera, M. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Dip. di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Palermo (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor (WA) (United States); Collura, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Nasillo, G. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Centro Grandi Apparecchiature, Palermo (Italy); Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

345

Demonstration of achromatic cold-neutron microscope utilizing axisymmetric focusing mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An achromatic cold-neutron microscope with magnification 4 is demonstrated. The image-forming optics is composed of nested coaxial mirrors of full figures of revolution, so-called Wolter optics. The spatial resolution, field of view, and depth of focus are measured and found consistent with ray-tracing simulations. Methods of increasing the resolution and magnification are discussed, as well as the scientific case for the neutron microscope. In contrast to traditional pinhole-camera neutron imaging, the resolution of the microscope is determined by the mirrors rather than by the collimation of the beam, leading to possible dramatic improvements in the signal rate and resolution.

Liu, D.; Khaykovich, B. [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Hussey, D.; Jacobson, D.; Arif, M. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8461 (United States)] [Physical Measurement Laboratory, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8461 (United States); Gubarev, M. V.; Ramsey, B. D. [Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA, VP62, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States)] [Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA, VP62, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 (United States); Moncton, D. E. [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States) [Nuclear Reactor Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 138 Albany St., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

346

Demonstration of a plasma mirror based on a laminar flow water film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A plasma mirror based on a laminar water film with low flow speed 0.5-2 cm/s has been developed and characterized, for use as an ultrahigh intensity optical reflector. The use of flowing water as atarget surface automatically results in each laser pulse seeing a new interaction surface and avoids the need for mechanical scanning of the target surface. In addition, the breakdown of water does notproduce contaminating debris that can be deleterious to vacuum chamber conditions and optics, such as is the case when using conventional solid targets. The mirror exhibits 70percent reflectivity, whilemaintaining high-quality of the reflected spot.

Panasenko, Dmitriy; Shu, Anthony; Gonsalves, Anthony; Nakamura, Kei; Matlis, Nicholas; Toth, Csaba; Leemans, Wim

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

347

Collective F\\"orster energy transfer modified by the planar metallic mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of the F\\"orster energy transfer between the arrays of donor and acceptor molecules lying on the planar metallic mirror. We reveal strong modification of the effective transfer rate by the mirror in the incoherent pumping regime. The rate can be either suppressed or enhanced depending on the relative positions between acceptor and donor arrays. The strong modification of the transfer rate is a collective effect, mediated by the light-induced coupling between the donors; it is absent in the single donor model.

Poddubny, Alexander N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Elliptical magnetic mirror generated via resistivity gradients for fast ignition inertial confinement fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elliptical magnetic mirror scheme for guiding fast electrons for Fast Ignition proposed by Schmitz et al. (Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 54, 085016 (2012)) is studied for conditions on the multi-kJ scale which are much closer to full-scale Fast Ignition. When scaled up, the elliptical mirror scheme is still highly beneficial to Fast Ignition. An increase in the coupling efficiency by a factor of 3–4 is found over a wide range of fast electron divergence half-angles.

Robinson, A. P. L.; Schmitz, H. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Digestion Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blank in Bulletin] BULLETIN NO. 291 FEBRUARY, 1922 DIGESTION EXPERIMENTS This is the sixth bulletin in a series whose object is to ascertain the Aceding value of Texas feeding stuffs by means of digestion experiments. Previous bulletins... The productive values and the values for digestible protein in t Bulletin have been calculated from the results of digestion esperiine? with sheep. The method of conducting the experiments is described Bulletins Nos. 147 and 166 of this Station. The production...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Optical and Durability Evaluation for Silvered Polymeric Mirrors and Reflectors: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number, CRD-08-316  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3M is currently developing silvered polymeric mirror reflectors as low-cost replacements for glass mirrors in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems. This effort is focused on development of reflectors comprising both metallized polymeric mirror films based on improved versions of ECP-305+ or other durable mirror film concepts and appropriate mechanically robust substrates. The objectives for this project are to reduce the system capital and operating costs and to lower the levelized cost of energy for CSP installations. The development of mirror reflectors involves work on both full reflectors and mirror films with and without coatings. Mirror reflectors must meet rigid optical specifications in terms of radius of curvature, slope errors and specularity. Mirror films must demonstrate long-term durability and maintain high reflectivity. 3M would like to augment internal capabilities to validate product performance with methods and tools developed at NREL to address these areas.

Gray, M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Design and fabrication of a 1.2 meter long internally cooled silicon x-ray mirror for APS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the specifications, design, and fabrication of a 1.2 meter long ultra high vacuum (UHV) silicon mirror for use as the first optical element on an x-ray beamline at APS. The mirror, which is 1,200 mm x 90 mm x 120 mm in size, intercepts the incident x-ray beam at 0.15{degree}. The thermal power incident on the mirror is 1.2 kW with a peak heat flux of 0.38 W/mm{sup 2}. The heat is removed by flowing water through a set of channels configured in the face plate of the mirror. Various aspects of this mirror, including its purpose, utility, expected thermal and structural performance, cooling design, UHV provision, support and mounting, surface figure and finish, bonding of the cooling conduits, and other manufacturing steps are discussed.

Tonnessen, T.W. [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, NM (United States); Khounsary, A.M.; Yun, W.B.; Shu, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

352

Monolithic, two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monolithic InP/Ga{sub 0.7}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells have been studied extensively in our laboratory over the last 4 years. Using the three-terminal approach, the tandem cell performance progressed rapidly, and improvements in the epitaxial growth and device processing procedures eventually led to a terrestrial concentrator tandem cell efficiency of 31.8%. Recently, our research has been directed towards the development of two-terminal (i.e., series-connected) monolithic InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem cells. Two-terminal tandem cells are desirable because they can he substituted directly for single-junction solar cells in photovoltaic module circuits that are being manufactured presently. Furthermore, in principle, two-terminal tandems should take less time to grow and process than three-terminal tandems, which would lead to reduced cell manufacturing costs. The data obtained from our previous study of three-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem cells have shown that the potential performance of two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As cells is quite high. Two fundamental problems must be addressed to realize high-performance, two-terminal cells. First, an ohmic electrical interconnect between the top and bottom subcells must be integrated into the monolithic structure to connect the subcells in series. The optical and joule losses in the interconnect should be negligible compared to the tandem cell output. Second, because the subcells are connected in series, techniques for matching the subcell photocurrents and maximizing the tandem cell photocurrent, under relevant solar spectra, are necessary to achieve the highest tandem cell efficiency. In this paper, we describe preliminary progress towards solving these problems and outline directions for future work.

Wanlass, M.W.; Ward, J.S.; Emery, K.A.; Coutts, T.J.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Tandem-ESQ for Accelerator-Based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (AB-BNCT)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A folded tandem, with 1.25 MV terminal voltage, combined with an ElectroStatic Quadrupole (ESQ) chain is being proposed as a machine for Accelerator-Based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (AB-BNCT). The machine is shown to be capable of accelerating a 30 mA proton beam to 2.5 MeV. These are the specifications needed to produce sufficiently intense and clean epithermal neutron beams, based on the on the 7Li(p,n)7Be reaction, to perform BNCT treatment for deep seated tumors in less than an hour.

Kreiner, A. J. [Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad de Gral San Martin (Argentina); CONICET, (Argentina); Kwan, J. W.; Henestroza, E. [Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Burlon, A. A.; Di Paolo, H.; Minsky, D.; Debray, M. [Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad de Gral San Martin (Argentina); Valda, A.; Somacal, H. R. [Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad de Gral San Martin (Argentina)

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

A comparison of different alignment approaches for the segmented grazing incidence mirrors on Constellation-X  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Constellation-X Paul B. Reida , David Caldwella , William Davisa , Mark Freemana , Scott Owens Rohrbachb Spectroscopy X-ray Telescopes (SXT) on Constellation-X contain a mirror assembly comprised of 2600 primary, Constellation-X, Con-X 1. INTRODUCTION Constellation-X (Con-X) is the next large x-ray observatory-class mission

Christian, Eric

355

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: I - Design and X-Ray Transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Simbol-X mission is designed to fly in formation flight configuration. As a consequence, the telescope has both ends open to space, and thermal shielding at telescope entrance and exit is required to maintain temperature uniformity throughout the mirrors. Both mesh and meshless solutions are presently under study for the shields. We discuss the design and the X-ray transmission.

Collura, A.; Varisco, S. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); Barbera, M. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); DSFA Universita di Palermo, Via Archirafi 36, 90123 Palermo (Italy); Basso, S.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF-OAB, via E. bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor, WA 98250 (United States)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

356

Dyadic brain modelling, mirror systems and the ontogenetic ritualization of ape gesture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Francesco Ferrari and Giacomo Rizzolatti Dyadic brain modelling, mirror systems and the ontogenetic...Los Angeles, CA 90089-2520, USA 2 USC Brain Project, University of Southern California...implications . The paper introduces dyadic brain modelling, offering both a framework for...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Modeling and Design of Lightweight, Active Mirrors for Launch Survival and On-Orbit Performance Lucy E. Cohan and David W. Miller June 2010 SSL# 2-10 #12;#12;Integrated Modeling and Design-based design and evolutionary models to guide the technology development program. This methodology is applied

358

Analytical models of transient thermoelastic deformations of mirrors heated by high power cw laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and are suspended in a vacuum vessel : the heat losses are only due to the thermal radiation. The resulting2243 Analytical models of transient thermoelastic deformations of mirrors heated by high power cw substrat. La distribution de température engendrée dans le substrat produit des déformations

Boyer, Edmond

359

Development of a 4096 Element MEMS Continuous Membrane Deformable Mirror for High Contrast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water St, Watertown, MA 02472, (617)926-3948, SAC@bostonmicromachines.com, (617)926-8796, PAB. This deformable mirror will enable the next generation of adaptive optics ("Extreme" AO) capable of achieving parent star, atmospheric aberrations, and optical imperfections in the imaging systems1 . MEMS DMs

360

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601354 Micropatterned Porous-Silicon Bragg Mirrors by Dry-Removal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200601354 Micropatterned Porous-Silicon Bragg Mirrors by Dry-Removal Soft is reversible, the films can be cycled through multiple detec- tion runs without additional preparation steps- vious efforts in our group have demonstrated the effectiveness of PSi pattern formation by dry-removal

Buratto, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cryogenic Yb:YAG Total-Reflection Active-Mirror Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A regenerative amplifier with a cryogenic Yb:YAG total-reflection active-mirror shows 3.5mJ at 100Hz with M2<1.1. A high energy fluence of 2.6J/cm2 energy fluence is achieved for...

Kawanaka, Junji; Furuse, Hiroaki; Albach, Daniel; Takeuchi, Yasuki; Yoshida, Akira; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Kan, Hirofumi

362

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation M.A. Arbiba,b,*, A. Billardb , M. Iacobonic , E. Oztopa,b a USC Brain Project, University of Southern California, Los, CA 90089-2520, USA c Division of Brain Mapping, Neuropsychiatric Institute, UCLA School of Medicine

Oztop, Erhan

363

Active Optics Performance Study of the Primary Mirror of the Gemini Telescopes Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active Optics Performance Study of the Primary Mirror of the Gemini Telescopes Project Myung K. Cho Optical Sciences Center in the University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721 and Gemini Telescopes Project P. O. Box 26732 Tucson, AZ 85726­6732 Gemini Preprint #9 #12; Active optics performance study of the primary

364

4096-element continuous face-sheet MEMS deformable mirror for high-contrast imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structural support on electrical interconnections. Eight high-density flex cables connect the DM to the drive systems MEMS deformable mirror, fabricated using polysilicon surface micromachining manufacturing that is electrically isolated from the electrodes and maintained at a ground potential. The actuators are arranged

365

Evidence for Collisionless Damping of Unstable Waves in a Mirror-Confined Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of density thresholds for an ion-cyclotron instability in a mirror-confined plasma are interpreted in terms of a boundary for Landau damping of the unstable waves. Allowing for an observed normal-mode structure, experimental threshold values are accounted for quantitatively.

C. C. Damm, J. H. Foote, A. H. Futch, Jr., A. L. Hunt, K. Moses, R. F. Post, and J. B. Taylor

1970-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

366

Supernova explosions, 511 keV photons, gamma ray bursts and mirror matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are three astroparticle physics puzzles which fire the imagination: the origin of the ``Great Positron Producer'' in the galactic bulge, the nature of the gamma-ray bursts central engine and the mechanism of supernova explosions. We show that the mirror matter model has the potential to solve all three of these puzzles in one beautifully simple strike.

R. Foot; Z. K. Silagadze

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

367

Hardware Implementation of the Primary Mirror Surface Heating System for the Gemini 8 meter Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in nighttime ambient temperature. A development effort and subscale prototype testing of this technique axis). As the distance across the mirror changes, the voltages delivered to each electrode pair must. Accurately relaying this temperature data to the Primary Voltage Control system is essential in order to meet

368

Linear dispersion relation for the mirror instability in context of the gyrokinetic theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The linear dispersion relation for the mirror instability is discussed in context of the gyrokinetic theory. The objective is to provide a coherent view of different kinetic approaches used to derive the dispersion relation. The method based on gyrocenter phase space transformations is adopted in order to display the origin and ordering of various terms.

Porazik, Peter; Johnson, Jay R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08542 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

The dual-mirror Small Size Telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the development of the dual mirror Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is reviewed. Up to 70 SST, with a primary mirror diameter of 4 m, will be produced and installed at the CTA southern site. These will allow investigation of the gamma-ray sky at the highest energies accessible to CTA, in the range from about 1 TeV to 300 TeV. The telescope presented in this contribution is characterized by two major innovations: the use of a dual mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and of an innovative camera using as sensors either multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPM) or silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). The reduced plate-scale of the telescope, achieved with the dual-mirror optics, allows the camera to be compact (40 cm in diameter), and low-cost. The camera, which has about 2000 pixels of size 6x6 mm^2, covers a field of view of 10{\\deg}. The dual mirror telescopes and their cameras are being developed by three consortia, ASTRI (Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana, Italy/INAF), GATE (Gamma-ray Telescope Elements, France/Paris Observ.) and CHEC (Compact High Energy Camera, universities in UK, US and Japan) which are merging their efforts in order to finalize an end-to-end design that will be constructed for CTA. A number of prototype structures and cameras are being developed in order to investigate various alternative designs. In this contribution, these designs are presented, along with the technological solutions under study.

G. Pareschi; G. Agnetta; L. A. Antonelli; D. Bastieri; G. Bellassai; M. Belluso; C. Bigongiari; S. Billotta; B. Biondo; G. Bonanno; G. Bonnoli; P. Bruno; A. Bulgarelli; R. Canestrari; M. Capalbi; P. Caraveo; A. Carosi; E. Cascone; O. Catalano; M. Cereda; P. Conconi; V. Conforti; G. Cusumano; V. De Caprio; A. De Luca; A. Di Paola; F. Di Pierro; D. Fantinel; M. Fiorini; D. Fugazza; D. Gardiol; M. Ghigo; F. Gianotti; S. Giarrusso; E. Giro; A. Grillo; D. Impiombato; S. Incorvaia; A. La Barbera; N. La Palombara; V. La Parola; G. La Rosa; L. Lessio; G. Leto; S. Lombardi; F. Lucarelli; M. C. Maccarone; G. Malaguti; G. Malaspina; V. Mangano; D. Marano; E. Martinetti; R. Millul; T. Mineo; A. MistÒ; C. Morello; G. Morlino; M. R. Panzera; G. Rodeghiero; P. Romano; F. Russo; B. Sacco; N. Sartore; J. Schwarz; A. Segreto; G. Sironi; G. Sottile; A. Stamerra; E. Strazzeri; L. Stringhetti; G. Tagliaferri; V. Testa; M. C. Timpanaro; G. Toso; G. Tosti; M. Trifoglio; P. Vallania; S. Vercellone; V. Zitelli; For The Astri Collaboration; J. P. Amans; C. Boisson; C. Costille; J. L. Dournaux; D. Dumas; G. Fasola; O. Hervet; J. M. Huet; P. Laporte; C. Rulten; H. Sol; A. Zech; For The Gate Collaboration; R. White; J. Hinton; D. Ross; J. Sykes; S. Ohm; J. Schmoll; P. Chadwick; T. Greenshaw; M. Daniel; G. Cotter; G. S. Varner; S. Funk; J. Vandenbroucke; L. Sapozhnikov; J. Buckley; P. Moore; D. Williams; S. Markoff; J. Vink; D. Berge; N. Hidaka; A. Okumura; H. Tajima; For The Chec Collaboration; For The Cta Consortium

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

370

Hydronuclear experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydronuclear experiments, a method for assessing some aspects of nuclear weapon safety, were conducted at Los Alamos during the 1958 to 1961 moratorium on nuclear testing. The experiments resulted in subcritical multiplying assemblies or a very slight degree of supercriticality and, in some cases, involved a slight, but insignificant, fission energy release. These experiments helped to identify so-called one-point safety problems associated with some of the nuclear weapons systems of that time. The need for remedial action was demonstrated, although some of the necessary design changes could not be made until after the resumption of weapons testing at the end of 1961.

Thorn, R.N.; Westervelt, D.R.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

On characterization and measurement of average solar field mirror reflectance in utility-scale concentrating solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the emerging need for the development of acceptance test codes for commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) plants, an effort is made here to develop a mirror reflectance model suitable for CSP applications as well as a general procedure to measure the average mirror reflectance of a solar field. Typically, a utility-scale solar field includes hundreds of thousands of mirror panels (if not more), and their reflectance is subject to many factors, such as weather and planned washing schedule. The newly developed mirror reflectance model can be used to characterize different types of mirror materials and can be directly used to perform optical performance evaluation of solar collectors. The newly proposed procedure for average solar field reflectance measurements includes a baseline comprehensive measurement and an individual factor measurement: the former allows a comprehensive survey of mirror reflectance across the whole solar field, and the latter can provide correcting factors for selected individual factors to further improve the accuracy of the baseline measurements. A detailed test case implementing the general procedure is applied to a state-of-the-art commercial parabolic trough plant and validates the proposed mirror reflectance model and average reflectance measurement procedure. In the test case, the plant-wide reflectance measurements at a commercial utility-scale solar plant were conducted and can shed light on relevant analysis of CSP applications. The work can also be naturally applied to other types of solar plants, such as power towers and linear Fresnel plants.

Guangdong Zhu; David Kearney; Mark Mehos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Investigation of Cd1-XMgxTe Alloys for Tandem Solar Cell Applications: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical modeling of two-junction tandem solar cells shows that for optimal device performance, the bandgap of the top cell should be in the range of 1.6 to 1.8 eV. Cd1-xMgxTe (CMT) alloys have a lattice constant close to that of CdTe, and the addition of a small amount of Mg changes the bandgap considerably. In this paper, we present our work on developing CMT for solar cell applications. CMT films were prepared by vacuum deposition with co-evaporation of CdTe and Mg on substrates heated to 300-400 C. Films with a composition in the range of x = 0 to 0.66 were fabricated, and optical analysis of the films showed that the bandgap of the samples ranged from 1.5 to 2.3 eV and varied linearly with composition. For the fabrication of devices using these alloy films, we also investigated the effect of post-deposition CdCl2 heat treatment. We have investigated junctions between CdS and CMT alloys in the bandgap range of 1.5 to 1.8 eV for tandem cell applications. We have also worked on the ohmic contacts to the CMT alloy films using Cu/Au bilayers, and the preliminary data shows a significant effect of the contact processing on the device performance.

Dhere, R.; Ramanathan, K.; Scharf, J.; Moutinho, H.; To, B.; Duda, A.; Noufi, R.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

SAFT-UT field experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on a three-year program at the Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory to transfer the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT) technology that was developed at the University of Michigan into the field. A brief overview is given of the program and the field system is described. The main portion of the paper is devoted to the experience of using the SAFT system in a third-party role to aid in resolving inspection inconsistencies between several different UT inservice inspections results for intergranular stress corrosion cracks (IGSCC) in boiling water reactor (BWR) piping. A new method of scanning using a modified tandem technique (called TSAFT) was also developed and successfully employed in the field. The SAFT images made cracks easy to identify and the TSAFT data were easy to interpret for depth sizing. However, the most significant fact about the system is that it did work very well under field conditions even though a number of improvements were identified as a result of each field trip. These improvements are discussed in the paper. 6 refs., 15 figs.

Doctor, S.R.; Crawford, S.L.; Hall, T.E.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

tandem office  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Cost-effective upgrade of a focusing system for inelastic X-ray scattering experiments under high pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a scheme utilizing a set of low-cost and compact Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors for upgrading the optical system of the Taiwan Inelastic X-ray Scattering beamline at SPring-8 for high-pressure experiments using diamond-anvil cells. The scheme as implemented improves the focus to 13 µm × 16 µm with transmission of up to 72%.

Huang, C.-Y.

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

376

Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Amazing Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.29.11 Amazing Mirrors and Superlative Supercomputers Argonne's Mira will accelerate scientific discoveries and societal benefits. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Mira--Argonne's IBM Blue Gene/Q Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory's IBM Blue Gene/Q supercomputer, Mira, is an engineering marvel whose unique architecture and capabilities will be thoroughly explored as soon as it goes online in 2012. Supported by the

377

Schwarzschild-Couder two-mirror telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwarzschild-type aplanatic telescopes with two aspheric mirrors, configured to correct spherical and coma aberrations, are considered for application in gamma-ray astronomy utilizing the ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov technique. We use analytical descriptions for the figures of primary and secondary mirrors and, by means of numerical ray-tracing, we find telescope configurations which minimize astigmatism and maximize effective light collecting area. It is shown that unlike the traditional prime-focus Davies-Cotton design, such telescopes provide a solution for wide field of view gamma-ray observations. The designs are isochronous, can be optimized to have no vignetting across the field, and allow for significant reduction of the plate scale, making them compatible with finely-pixilated cameras, which can be constructed from modern, cost-effective image sensors such as multi-anode PMTs, SiPMs, or image intensifiers.

Vasilev, V V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Vectorial velocity filter for ultracold neutrons based on a surface-disordered mirror system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform classical three-dimensional Monte Carlo simulations of ultracold neutrons scattering through an absorbing-reflecting mirror system in the Earth's gravitational field. We show that the underlying mixed phase space of regular skipping motion and random motion due to disorder scattering can be exploited to realize a vectorial velocity filter for ultracold neutrons. The absorbing-reflecting mirror system proposed allows beams of ultracold neutrons with low angular divergence to be formed. The range of velocity components can be controlled by adjusting the geometric parameters of the system. First experimental tests of its performance are presented. One potential future application is the investigation of transport and scattering dynamics in confined systems downstream of the filter.

L. A. Chizhova; S. Rotter; T. Jenke; G. Cronenberg; P. Geltenbort; G. Wautischer; H. Filter; H. Abele; J. Burgdörfer

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

379

Schwarzschild-Couder two-mirror telescope for ground-based gamma-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwarzschild-type aplanatic telescopes with two aspheric mirrors, configured to correct spherical and coma aberrations, are considered for application in gamma-ray astronomy utilizing the ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov technique. We use analytical descriptions for the figures of primary and secondary mirrors and, by means of numerical ray-tracing, we find telescope configurations which minimize astigmatism and maximize effective light collecting area. It is shown that unlike the traditional prime-focus Davies-Cotton design, such telescopes provide a solution for wide field of view gamma-ray observations. The designs are isochronous, can be optimized to have no vignetting across the field, and allow for significant reduction of the plate scale, making them compatible with finely-pixilated cameras, which can be constructed from modern, cost-effective image sensors such as multi-anode PMTs, SiPMs, or image intensifiers.

V. V. Vassiliev; S. J. Fegan

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

380

Emplacing experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose that understandings of the role of space and place in everyday life are of value to designing the environment of Role Playing Games (RPGs). We compare aspects of space and place in spatial experiences while moving through terrains in physical ... Keywords: place, space, video games

David Browning; Steven Stanley; Michael Fryer; Nicola J Bidwell

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Effect of Unresponsive Time for User’s Touch Action of Selecting an Icon on the Video Mirror Interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contactless input methods implementing body motion allow users to control computer systems easily and enjoyably. We focus on the “video mirror interface” as an example of these methods. A user of the video mir...

Kazuyoshi Murata; Masatsugu Hattori…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive. It consists of 329-hexagonal segments on a 600 m pitch, each with tip/tilt and piston degrees of freedom

383

Compact scanning soft-x-ray microscope using a laser-produced plasma source and normal-incidence multilayer mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have constructed a scanning soft-x-ray microscope that uses a laser-produced plasma as the soft-x-ray source and normal-incidence multilayer-coated mirrors in a Schwarzschild...

Trail, J A; Byer, R L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A helium film coated quasi-parabolic mirror to focus a beam of ultra-cold spin polarized atomic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 350 mK helium-4-coated mirror was used to increase the intensity of an ultra-cold electron-spin-polarized atomic hydrogen beam. The mirror uses the observed specular reflection of atomic hydrogen from a superfluid-helium-covered surface. A quasi-parabolic polished copper mirror was installed with its focus at the 5 mm diameter exit aperture of an atomic hydrogen stabilization cell in the gradient of an 8 T solenoid field. The four-coned mirror shape, which was designed specifically for operation in the gradient, increased the beam intensity focused by a sextupole magnet into a compression tube detector by a factor of about 7.5.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Hill, K.M.; Raymond, R.S.; Kirsch, A.D. (Randall Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1120 (United States))

1993-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Relation between Group Delay, Energy Storage and Absorbed/Scattered Power in Highly Reflective Dispersive Dielectric Mirror Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the reflection group delay as well as the absorption/scattering loss of a dielectric multilayer mirror is proportional to the energy stored in such 1-D photonic bandgap...

Szipocs, Róbert; Antal, Peter

386

Simbol-X Hard X-ray Focusing Mirrors: Results Obtained During the Phase A Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simbol-X will push grazing incidence imaging up to 80 keV, providing a strong improvement both in sensitivity and angular resolution compared to all instruments that have operated so far above 10 keV. The superb hard X-ray imaging capability will be guaranteed by a mirror module of 100 electroformed Nickel shells with a multilayer reflecting coating. Here we will describe the technogical development and solutions adopted for the fabrication of the mirror module, that must guarantee an Half Energy Width (HEW) better than 20 arcsec from 0.5 up to 30 keV and a goal of 40 arcsec at 60 keV. During the phase A, terminated at the end of 2008, we have developed three engineering models with two, two and three shells, respectively. The most critical aspects in the development of the Simbol-X mirrors are i) the production of the 100 mandrels with very good surface quality within the timeline of the mission, ii) the replication of shells that must be very thin (a factor of 2 thinner than those of XMM-Newton) and still have very good image quality up to 80 keV, iii) the development of an integration process that allows us to integrate these very thin mirrors maintaining their intrinsic good image quality. The Phase A study has shown that we can fabricate the mandrels with the needed quality and that we have developed a valid integration process. The shells that we have produced so far have a quite good image quality, e.g. HEW < or approx. 30 arcsec at 30 keV, and effective area. However, we still need to make some improvements to reach the requirements. We will briefly present these results and discuss the possible improvements that we will investigate during phase B.

Tagliaferri, G.; Basso, S.; Civitani, M.; Conconi, P.; Cotroneo, V.; Pareschi, G.; Spiga, D. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Borghi, G.; Garoli, D.; Mattarello, V.; Orlandi, A.; Valsecchi, G.; Vernani, D. [Media Lario Technologies S.r.l., Localita Pascolo, 23842 Bosisio Parini (Italy); Burkert, W.; Freyberg, M.; Hartner, G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Citterio, O. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Media Lario Technologies S.r.l., Localita Pascolo, 23842 Bosisio Parini (Italy); Gorenstein, P.; Romaine, S. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Production of field-reversed mirror plasma with a coaxial plasma gun  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of a coaxial plasma gun to produce a plasma ring which is directed into a magnetic field so as to form a field-reversed plasma confined in a magnetic mirror. Plasma thus produced may be used as a target for subsequent neutral beam injection or other similarly produced and projected plasma rings or for direct fusion energy release in a pulsed mode.

Hartman, Charles W. (Alamo, CA); Shearer, James W. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Advanced ultraviolet-resistant silver mirrors for use in solar reflectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A silver mirror construction that maintains a high percentage of hemispherical reflectance throughout the UV and visible spectrum when used in solar reflectors, comprising:a) a pressure sensitive adhesive layer positioned beneath a silver overlay;b) a polymer film disposed on the silver overlay;c) an adhesive layer positioned on the polymer film; andd) a UV screening acrylic film disposed on the adhesive layer.

Jorgensen, Gary J. (Pine, CO); Gee, Randy (Arvada, CO)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

389

Mirroring or Muscling: An Examination of State Class Action Appellate Rulemaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

class action appeals even before Rule 23(f), and appear to have been more amenable to amending their class action rules post-Rule 23(f) to provide greater levels of appellate access. But the flexing of interest group muscles does not wholly explain...HINES GALLEY 5/27/2010 9:26:06 AM Mirroring or Muscling: An Examination of State Class Action Appellate Rulemaking Laura J. Hines ? I. INTRODUCTION This Symposium focuses on the developments in aggregate litigation since Amchem...

Hines, Laura J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A microwave tomography system using a tunable mirror for beam steering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microwave tomography is a fast-growing technique in the fields of NDE and medical industry. This paper presents a new microwave tomography system which reduces the complexities of conventional microwave imaging systems by utilizing a reconfigurable mirror, a tunable reflectarray antenna. In order to build a tunable reflectarray with beam steering capabilities, the unit cell characteristics should dynamically alter. Modelling and experimental results of a single unit cell are presented in this work.

Tayebi, A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physic (United States); Tang, J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Paladhi, P. Roy; Udpa, L.; Udpa, S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Non-Destructive Evaluation Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

The Transatlantic Mirror: Effects of the American Image on Postwar British Identity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#8; #8; #8; #8;#8;#8; #12;ABSTRACT The Transatlantic Mirror: Effects of the American Image on Postwar British Identity (April 2007) Philip Evans Department of English Texas A&M University Fellows Advisor: Dr. Elizabeth Ho... that is transatlantic in its scope, which is also the approach the remaining discussion will follow. At first this inspection was concerned with the formation of an American identity by the British, but in studying the changing characterization of American identity...

Evans, Philip

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

392

A review of "The Public Mirror: Molière and the Social Commerce of Depiction." by Larry F. Norman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the characters to the comic mirror indicate not only the power of its image, but also the forcefulness of the spectators? resistance to it. Norman discusses two levels that are present in theatrical performance: the level of ?representation? or ?spectacle... of the characters to the comic mirror indicate not only the power of its image, but also the forcefulness of the spectators? resistance to it. Norman discusses two levels that are present in theatrical performance: the level of ?representation? or ?spectacle...

Kiki Gounaridou

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Air drilling operations improved by percussion-bit/hammer-tool tandem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contractors and operators air drill whenever possible to improve rate of penetration (ROP). This is done with pneumatic hammer tools (HT's) and various bit types used with standard rotary air rigs. The recent application of a ''flat-bottomed'' percussion bit (FPB) combined with a custom-designed HT originally developed for mining operations has significantly improved air drilling operations in the Arkoma basin. The improvements include a large increase in ROP, improved hole geometry, reduced drillstring stresses, and a substantial reduction in cost per foot. This paper describes (1) a discussion of the engineering design and operation of the FPB/HT tandem, (2) applications and limitations of the tools, (3) guidelines for optimization of performance, and (4) documentation of field performance on Arkoma basin wells to demonstrate the improvements in air drilling operations.

Whiteley, M.C.; England, W.P.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Design and analysis of the internally cooled silicon mirrors and benders for wiggler sources at the Advanced Photon Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When silicon single crystal mirrors are bent to cylindrical figures of typically 6 km bending radius, the moments needed are very small and easy to disturb by cooling attachments to the sides of the mirror. Hence, we decided to abandon the conventional concept of cooling plates attached to the sides of the mirrors and instead have chosen to use internal water channels. We present here the design of mirrors with cooling channels near the neutral axis of the silicon beam that have a rather thick {open_quote}{open_quote}hot wall.{close_quote}{close_quote} The results of this analytical work are nonintuitive, regarding the stresses produced by wiggler heating. The design path chosen minimizes figure errors due to coolant pressure variations and residual stresses from machining and bonding of multiple layers of silicon. The geometry of the water channels avoids water-to-vacuum seals and uses the mirror bender as the coolant manifold. Engineering efforts, which reduce the bending stresses at bender-to-silicon interface by a factor of five, will be presented. The complete mirror bender and motion control mechanics will be shown. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Schildkamp, W.; Jaski, Y. [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Tonnessen, T.; Douglas, G. [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)] [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Efficient entry to 1-benzoxepine ring skeleton via tandem SN2/Wittig reaction. Total synthesis of NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) antagonist pterulinic acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concise synthesis of NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) antagonist pterulinic acid (1a) is reported. The key architectural framework in the natural product, 1-benzoxepine ring skeleton, was smoothly prepared from known salicylaldehyde 2g and phosphorane 3 via tandem SN2/Wittig reaction. Pterulinic acid was prepared in 5 steps from 2g with overall yield of 25%. The versatility of tandem SN2/Wittig reaction was investigated. This tandem reaction tolerated various alkyl, ether, tertiaryamine and nitro substituted salicylaldehyde, and it gave the corresponding 1-benzoxepine ring skeleton in moderated yield (21–72%).

Yuh-Lin Lin; Hsien-Shou Kuo; Yi-Wen Wang; Sheng-Tung Huang

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Rapid determination of endogenous cytokinins in plant samples by combination of magnetic solid phase extraction with hydrophilic interaction chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (Fe3O4/SiO2/P(AMPS-co-EGDMA)) copolymer was prepared and used as a magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) medium for recovery of endogenous cytokinins (CKs) from plant extracts. This magnetic porous polymer was characterized by electron microscopy, nitrogen sorption experiments, elemental analysis and Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy. It was demonstrated to have high extraction capacity toward \\{CKs\\} in plants due to its specificity, surface area and porous structure. Coupled with hydrophilic interaction chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC–MS/MS), a rapid, simple, and effective MSPE–HILIC–MS/MS analytical method for the quantitative analysis of endogenous \\{CKs\\} in Oryza sativa (O. sativa) roots was successfully established. Good linearities were obtained for all \\{CKs\\} investigated with correlation coefficients (R2) > 0.9975. The results showed that \\{LODs\\} (S/N = 3) were ranged from 0.18 to 3.65 pg mL?1. Reproducibility of the method was obtained with intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) less than 16.1% and the recoveries in plant samples ranged from 72.8% to 115.5%. Finally, the MSPE–HILIC–MS/MS method was applied to several plant samples, and the amounts of endogenous \\{CKs\\} in O. sativa roots, leaves and Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) were successfully determined.

Zhao Liu; Bao-Dong Cai; Yu-Qi Feng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

New Optical Link Technologies for HEP Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a concern with the reliability and mass of current optical links in LHC experiments, we are investigating CW lasers and light modulators as an alternative to VCSELs. In addition we are developing data links in air, utilizing steering by MEMS mirrors and optical feedback paths for the control loop. Laser, modulator, and lens systems used are described, as well as two different electronic systems for a free space steering feedback loop. Our prototype system currently operates at 1.25 Gb/s, but could be upgraded. This link works over distances of order meters. Such links might enable one to move communication lasers (e.g. VCSELs) and optical fibers out of tracking detectors, for reasons such as reliability and power consumption. Some applications for free space data links, such as local triggering and data readout and trigger-clock distribution and links for much longer distances are also discussed.

P. Delurgio; W. Fernando; B. Salvachua; D. Lopez; R. Stanek; D. Underwood

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

398

Distinct Characteristics of Single Starch-Binding Domain SBD1 Derived from Tandem Domains SBD1-SBD2 of Halophilic Kocuria varians Alpha-Amylase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kocuria varians alpha-amylase contains tandem starch-binding domains SBD1-SBD2...Escherichia coli. The circular dichroism (CD) spectrum of His-SBD12 was characterized by a positive peak at 233 nm...

Rui Yamaguchi; Tsutomu Arakawa; Hiroko Tokunaga; Matsujiro Ishibashi…

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Optical constants of materials in the EUV/soft x-ray region for multilayer mirror applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response of a given material to an incident electromagnetic wave is described by the energy dependent complex index of refraction n = 1 {minus} {delta} + i{beta}. In the extreme ultraviolet (EUV)/soft x-ray spectral region, the need for accurate determination of n is driven by activity in areas such as synchrotron based research, EUV/x-ray lithography, x-ray astronomy and plasma applications. Knowledge of the refractive index is essential for the design of the optical components of instruments used in experiments and applications. Moreover, measured values of n may be used to evaluate solid state models for the optical behavior of materials. The refractive index n of Si, Mo and Be is investigated in the EUV/soft x-ray region. In the case of Si, angle dependent reflectance measurements are performed in the energy range 50--180 eV. The optical constants {delta}, {beta} are both determined by fitting to the Fresnel equations. The results of this method are compared to the values in the 1993 atomic tables. Photoabsorption measurements for the optical constants of Mo are performed on C/Mo/C foils, in the energy range 60--930 eV. Photoabsorption measurements on Be thin films supported on silicon nitride membranes are performed, and the results are applied in the determination of the absorption coefficient of Be in the energy region 111.5--250 eV. The new results for Si and Mo are applied to the calculation of normal incidence reflectivities of Mo/Si and Mo/Be multilayer mirrors. These calculations show the importance of accurate knowledge of {delta} and {beta} in the prediction and modeling of the performance of multilayer optics.

Soufli, R. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Simultaneous Quantitation of 2-Acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole, 2- and 4-Methylimidazoles, and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Beverages by Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simultaneous Quantitation of 2-Acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole, 2- and 4-Methylimidazoles, and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Beverages by Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry ... An ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous quantification of 2-acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole (THI), 2- and 4-methylimidazoles (2-MI and 4-MI), and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in beverage samples. ... 2-acetyl-4-tetrahydroxybutylimidazole; methylimidazole; 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; carcinogen; beverage; UHPLC; mass spectrometry ...

Jinyuan Wang; William C. Schnute

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Novel wide band gap materials for highly efficient thin film tandem solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tandem solar cells (TSCs), which use two or more materials to absorb sunlight, have achieved power conversion efficiencies of >25% versus 11-20% for commercialized single junction solar cell modules. The key to widespread commercialization of TSCs is to develop the wide-band, top solar cell that is both cheap to fabricate and has a high open-circuit voltage (i.e. >1V). Previous work in TSCs has generally focused on using expensive processing techniques with slow growth rates resulting in costs that are two orders of magnitude too expensive to be used in conventional solar cell modules. The objective of the PLANT PV proposal was to investigate the feasibility of using Ag(In,Ga)Se2 (AIGS) as the wide-bandgap absorber in the top cell of a thin film tandem solar cell (TSC). Despite being studied by very few in the solar community, AIGS solar cells have achieved one of the highest open-circuit voltages within the chalcogenide material family with a Voc of 949mV when grown with an expensive processing technique (i.e. Molecular Beam Epitaxy). PLANT PV�s goal in Phase I of the DOE SBIR was to 1) develop the chemistry to grow AIGS thin films via solution processing techniques to reduce costs and 2) fabricate new device architectures with high open-circuit voltage to produce full tandem solar cells in Phase II. PLANT PV attempted to translate solution processing chemistries that were successful in producing >12% efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells by replacing copper compounds with silver. The main thrust of the research was to determine if it was possible to make high quality AIGS thin films using solution processing and to fully characterize the materials properties. PLANT PV developed several different types of silver compounds in an attempt to fabricate high quality thin films from solution. We found that silver compounds that were similar to the copper based system did not result in high quality thin films. PLANT PV was able to deposit AIGS thin films using a mixture of solution and physical vapor deposition processing, but these films lacked the p-type doping levels that are required to make decent solar cells. Over the course of the project PLANT PV was able to fabricate efficient CIGS solar cells (8.7%) but could not achieve equivalent performance using AIGS. During the nine-month grant PLANT PV set up a variety of thin film characterization tools (e.g. drive-level capacitance profiling) at the Molecular Foundry, a Department of Energy User Facility, that are now available to both industrial and academic researchers via the grant process. PLANT PV was also able to develop the back end processing of thin film solar cells at Lawrence Berkeley National Labs to achieve 8.7% efficient CIGS solar cells. This processing development will be applied to other types of thin film PV cells at the Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. While PLANT PV was able to study AIGS film growth and optoelectronic properties we concluded that AIGS produced using these methods would have a limited efficiency and would not be commercially feasible. PLANT PV did not apply for the Phase II of this grant.

Brian E. Hardin, Stephen T. Connor, Craig H. Peters

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

402

Accurate spectral response measurements of a complementary absorbing organic tandem cell with fill factor exceeding the subcells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells based on co-evaporated donor–acceptor layers with power conversion efficiencies (?) above 5.5% are demonstrated, using either high (1.8?eV) or low (1.4?eV) optical gap materials. The high energy absorbing cell utilizes a high fullerene-C{sub 70} content, in combination with a high mobility amorphous donor, while the low energy absorbing cell consists of a donor–acceptor molecule paired with C{sub 60} as the acceptor. The integration of the two cells in an optimized tandem configuration leads to ? =7.2%, verified by external quantum efficiency measurements of the subcells. Notably, the fill-factor of the tandem stack is higher than either one of the sub-cells.

Cheyns, David, E-mail: cheyns@imec.be [Organic Photovoltaics, imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven-Heverlee (Belgium); Kim, Minjae [Organic Photovoltaics, imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven-Heverlee (Belgium); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Verreet, Bregt; Rand, Barry P. [Organic Photovoltaics, imec, Kapeldreef 75, 3001 Leuven-Heverlee (Belgium); Department of Electrical Engineering and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

403

A helium-film-coated quasi-parabolic mirror to focus a beam of ultra-cold spin-polarized atomic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 350 mK helium-4 coated mirror was used to increase the intensity of an ultra-cold electron-spin-polarized atomic hydrogen beam. The mirror uses the observed specular reflection of atomic hydrogen from a superfluid-helium-covered surface. A quasi-parabolic polished copper mirror was installed with its focus at the 5 mm diameter exit aperture of an atomic hydrogen stabilization cell in the gradient of an 8 T solenoid. The four-coned mirror shape, which was designed specifically for operation in the gradient, increased the beam intensity focused by a sextupole magnet into a compression tube detector more than seven-fold.

Luppov, V.G.; Kaufman, W.A.; Hill, K.M. [and others

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Development of tandem time-of-flight instrumentation for the examination of prompt photodissociation of peptides using 193-nm radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

YIHPF)........................................................................................ 115 65 Prompt photofragment ion spectrum of phosphorylated peptide KRpTLRR............................................................................................... 116 66 Prompt photofragment ion spectrum of phosphorylated peptide F(Nle)(Nle... acid sequence is then determined by manual inspection of the data [30], or via database searching [109- 111]. Although CID has several limitations, it is the most commonly employed method for tandem MS analysis [38,39]. For example, activation...

Morgan, Joseph William

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

405

Enhanced visible and near-infrared capabilities of the JET mirror-linked divertor spectroscopy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mirror-linked divertor spectroscopy diagnostic on JET has been upgraded with a new visible and near-infrared grating and filtered spectroscopy system. New capabilities include extended near-infrared coverage up to 1875 nm, capturing the hydrogen Paschen series, as well as a 2 kHz frame rate filtered imaging camera system for fast measurements of impurity (Be II) and deuterium D?, D?, D? line emission in the outer divertor. The expanded system provides unique capabilities for studying spatially resolved divertor plasma dynamics at near-ELM resolved timescales as well as a test bed for feasibility assessment of near-infrared spectroscopy.

Lomanowski, B. A., E-mail: b.a.lomanowski@durham.ac.uk; Sharples, R. M. [Centre for Advanced Instrumentation, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Meigs, A. G.; Conway, N. J.; Zastrow, K.-D.; Heesterman, P.; Kinna, D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Center, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Team

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Principles of passive and active cooling of mirror-based hybrid systems employing liquid metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents principles of passive and active cooling that are suitable to mirrorbased hybrid, nuclear fission/fusion systems. It is shown that liquid metal lead-bismuth cooling of the mirror machine with 25 m height and 1.5 GW thermal power is feasible both in the active mode during the normal operation and in the passive mode after the reactor shutdown. In the active mode the achievable required pumping power can well be below 50 MW, whereas the passive mode provides enough coolant flow to keep the clad temperature below the damage limits.

Anglart, Henryk [Div. of Nuclear Technology, School of Engineering Sciences, Royal Institute of Technology Roslagstullsbacken 21, 106-91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

407

A Mirror of Our World: Google Earth and the History of Cartography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hak Saeng, preface to his untitled manuscript atlas of China during the Ming Dynasty, dated 1721. Quoted on Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, Atlas page: http://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/ guide/gmillatl.html. file...Coordinates Series B, No. 12 A Mirror of Our World: Google Earth and the History of Cartography Persistent URL for citation: http://purl.oclc.org/ coordinates/b12.pdf Date of Publication: 08/20/09 David Y. Allen David Y. Allen (e...

Allen, David Y.

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

The ASTRI Project: a mini-array of dual-mirror small Cherenkov telescopes for CTA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI is a flagship project of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, which aims to develop an end-to-end prototype of the CTA small-size telescope. The proposed design is characterized by a dual-mirror Schwarzschild-Couder configuration and a camera based on Silicon photo-multipliers, two challenging but innovative technological solutions which will be adopted for the first time on a Cherenkov telescope. Here we describe the current status of the project, the expected performance and the possibility to realize a mini-array composed by a few small-size telescopes, which shall be placed at the final CTA Southern Site.

La Palombara, N; Antonelli, L A; Bastieri, D; Bellassai, G; Belluso, M; Bigongiari, C; Billotta, S; Biondo, B; Bonanno, G; Bonnoli, G; Bruno, P; Bulgarelli, A; Canestrari, R; Capalbi, M; Caraveo, P; Carosi, A; Cascone, E; Catalano, O; Cereda, M; Conconi, P; Conforti, V; Cusumano, G; De Caprio, V; De Luca, A; Di Paola, A; Di Pierro, F; Fantinel, D; Fiorini, M; Fugazza, D; Gardiol, D; Ghigo, M; Gianotti, F; Giarrusso, S; Giro, E; Grillo, A; Impiombato, D; Incorvaia, S; La Barbera, A; La Parola, V; La Rosa, G; Lessio, L; Leto, G; Lombardi, S; Lucarelli, F; Maccarone, M C; Malaguti, G; Malaspina, G; Mangano, V; Marano, D; Martinetti, E; Millul, R; Mineo, T; Mistó, A; Morello, C; Morlino, G; Panzera, M R; Pareschi, G; Rodeghiero, G; Romano, P; Russo, F; Sacco, B; Sartore, N; Schwarz, J; Segreto, A; Sironi, G; Sottile, G; Stamerra, A; Strazzeri, E; Stringhetti, L; Tagliaferri, G; Testa, V; Timpanaro, M C; Toso, G; Tosti, G; Trifoglio, M; Vallania, P; Vercellone, S; Zitelli, V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

On the feasibility of electron cyclotron heating of overcritical plasma in a magnetic mirror trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of matching electromagnetic radiation in the electron cyclotron frequency range to a dense plasma in an open magnetic trap by producing an inverted (with a minimum on the axis) plasma density profile is discussed. The use of such a profile shows promise for the implementation of efficient cyclotron heating at plasma densities above the critical density, at which the Langmuir frequency is equal to the heating radiation frequency. Examples of the magnetic field and plasma density distributions in a mirror trap are presented for which analysis of the beam trajectories shows the feasibility of efficient electron cyclotron absorption of microwave beams in overcritical plasma.

Vodopyanov, A. V.; Golubev, S. V.; Gospodchikov, E. D.; Smolyakova, O. B.; Suvorov, E. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Applied Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Durable silver mirror with ultra-violet thru far infra-red reflection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A durable highly reflective silver mirror characterized by high reflectance in a broad spectral range of about 300 nm in the UV to the far infrared (.about.10000 nm), as well as exceptional environmental durability. A high absorptivity metal underlayer is used which prevents the formation of a galvanic cell with a silver layer while increasing the reflectance of the silver layer. Environmentally durable overcoat layers are provided to enhance mechanical and chemical durability and protect the silver layer from corrosion and tarnishing, for use in a wide variety of surroundings or climates, including harsh or extreme environments.

Wolfe, Jesse D. (Discovery Bay, CA)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

Recognition of SUMO-modified PCNA requires tandem receptor motifs in Srs2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ubiquitin (Ub) and ubiquitin-like (Ubl) modifiers such as SUMO (also known as Smt3 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mediate signal transduction through post-translational modification of substrate proteins in pathways that control differentiation, apoptosis and the cell cycle, and responses to stress such as the DNA damage response. In yeast, the proliferating cell nuclear antigen PCNA (also known as Pol30) is modified by ubiquitin in response to DNA damage and by SUMO during S phase. Whereas Ub-PCNA can signal for recruitment of translesion DNA polymerases, SUMO-PCNA signals for recruitment of the anti-recombinogenic DNA helicase Srs2. It remains unclear how receptors such as Srs2 specifically recognize substrates after conjugation to Ub and Ubls. Here we show, through structural, biochemical and functional studies, that the Srs2 carboxy-terminal domain harbors tandem receptor motifs that interact independently with PCNA and SUMO and that both motifs are required to recognize SUMO-PCNA specifically. The mechanism presented is pertinent to understanding how other receptors specifically recognize Ub- and Ubl-modified substrates to facilitate signal transduction.

Armstrong, Anthony A.; Mohideen, Firaz; Lima, Christopher D. (SKI)

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

412

A high-current light-ion injector for tandem accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dual-source injector for tandem accelerators to produce negative ion currents of H, D, and He has been developed and built. The system consists of a central vacuum enclosure that accommodates two multicusp ion sources. Beam currents of several mA of H{sup -} and D{sup -} have been obtained by direct negative extraction of one of the multicusp ion sources. The yield for He{sup -} was optimized applying differentially pumped vacuum sections that support space compensation in the He{sup +} transport section a well as low neutralization loss of He{sup -} after charge exchange. In addition, an optimized extraction geometry and beam transport system enabled in excess of 10 mA He{sup +} within the low acceptance of the charge exchange canal. Early measurements yielded {approx}50 {mu}A for He{sup -} using Li as a charge exchange medium, but currents over 100 {mu}A are anticipated if Na would be used.

Quax, G. W. W.; Gottdang, A.; Mous, D. J. W. [High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V., P.O. Box 99, 3800 AB Amersfoort (Netherlands)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Approximate Mirror Symmetry in Heliospheric Plasma Flow Explains VOYAGER 2 Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sun and the undisturbed interstellar magnetic field and plasma velocity vectors (Bis,Vis) define a mirror symmetry plane of the flow at large heliospheric distances. We show that for the Bis direction defined by IBEX Ribbon center, the radial direction of Voyager 2 over the last decade, and the (thermal proton) plasma velocity measured by the spacecraft since 2010.5, are almost parallel to the (Bis,Vis)-plane, which coincides in practice with the Hydrogen Deflection Plane. These facts can be simply explained if approximate mirror symmetry is also maintained on the inner side of the heliopause. Such approximate symmetry is possible since the solar wind ram pressure is almost spherically symmetric and the plasma beta value in the inner heliosheath is high. In the proposed symmetry, the plasma flow speed measured by Voyager 2 in the inner heliosheath is expected to rotate more in the transverse than in the polar direction (explanation alternative to McComas & Schwadron (2014)), in evident agreement with ...

Grygorczuk, Jolanta; Grzedzielski, Stan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Photo-Thermal Transfer Function of Dielectric Mirrors for Precision Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photo-thermal transfer function from absorbed power incident on a dielectric mirror to the effective mirror position is calculated using the coating design as input. The effect is found to change in amplitude and sign for frequencies corresponding to diffusion length comparable to the coating thickness. Transfer functions are calculated for the $Ti$-doped ${\\rm Ta_2O_5:SiO_2}$ coating used in Advanced LIGO and for a crystalline ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coating. The shape of the transfer function at high frequencies is shown to be a sensitive indicator of the effective absorption depth, providing a potentially powerful tool to distinguish coating-internal absorption from surface contamination related absorption. The sign change of the photo-thermal effect could also be useful to stabilize radiation pressure-based opto-mechanical systems. High frequency corrections to the previously published thermo-optic noise estimates are also provided. Finally, estimating the quality of the thermo-optic noise cancellation occurring in fine-tuned ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coatings requires the detailed heat flow analysis done in this paper.

Stefan W. Ballmer

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

415

Photo-Thermal Transfer Function of Dielectric Mirrors for Precision Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photo-thermal transfer function from absorbed power incident on a dielectric mirror to the effective mirror position is calculated using the coating design as input. The effect is found to change in amplitude and sign for frequencies corresponding to diffusion length comparable to the coating thickness. Transfer functions are calculated for the $Ti$-doped ${\\rm Ta_2O_5:SiO_2}$ coating used in Advanced LIGO and for a crystalline ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coating. The shape of the transfer function at high frequencies is shown to be a sensitive indicator of the effective absorption depth, providing a potentially powerful tool to distinguish coating-internal absorption from surface contamination related absorption. The sign change of the photo-thermal effect could also be useful to stabilize radiation pressure-based opto-mechanical systems. High frequency corrections to the previously published thermo-optic noise estimates are also provided. Finally, estimating the quality of the thermo-optic noise cancellation occurring in fine-tuned ${\\rm Al_xGa_{1-x}As}$ coatings requires the detailed heat flow analysis done in this paper.

Stefan W. Ballmer

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

Energy-dependent finite-orbit treatment for plasma buildup in mirror fusion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer simulation of hot plasma buildup in mirror fusion devices and results from this model are presented. In a small, hot magnetically confined plasma, the ion orbit radius (rho/sub i/) can be comparable to the plasma radius (R/sub p/). It a mirror-confined plasma were rho/sub i//R/sub p/ > 1/25 (such as 2XII-B), a point kinetic treatment of ion interactions becomes inaccurate and a finite gyro-radius (FGR) treatment must be used to adequately describe plasma buildup processes. This is particularly true for describing losses due to cold-gas charge exchange (c-x) near the plasma surface, since a particle lost near the vacuum interface may have contributed to the density as far as 2 rho/sub i/ radially inward from the c-x point. A similar FGR effect applies to beam-deposited ions whose large orbits influence the density up to 2 rho/sub i/ from the trapping point.

Campbell, M.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Development of mirrors made of chemically tempered glass foils for future X-ray telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin slumped glass foils are considered good candidates for the realization of future X-ray telescopes with large effective area and high spatial resolution. However, the hot slumping process affects the glass strength, and this can be an issue during the launch of the satellite because of the high kinematical and static loads occurring during that phase. In the present work we have investigated the possible use of Gorilla glass (produced by Corning), a chemical tempered glass that, thanks to its strength characteristics, would be ideal. The un-tempered glass foils were curved by means of an innovative hot slumping technique and subsequently chemically tempered. In this paper we show that the chemical tempering process applied to Gorilla glass foils does not affect the surface micro-roughness of the mirrors. On the other end, the stress introduced by the tempering process causes a reduction in the amplitude of the longitudinal profile errors with a lateral size close to the mirror length. The effect of the ov...

Salmaso, B; Brizzolari, B; Basso, S; Ghigo, M; Pareschi, G; Spiga, D; Proserpio, L; Suppiger, Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Optimized Si/SiO2 high contrast grating mirror design for mid-infrared wavelength range: robustness enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high reflectivity and polarization selective high contrast grating mirror has been designed with the use of an automated optimization algorithm. Through a precise study of the tolerance of the different lengths of the structure, the robustness with respect to the fabrication errors has been enhanced to high tolerance values between 5 % and 210 %. This adjustment of the dimensions of the structure leads to a 250 nm large bandwidth mirror well adapted for a VCSEL application at \\lambda = 2.65 $\\mu$m and can easily be scaled for other wavelengths.

Chevallier, Christyves; Jacquet, Joel; Fressengeas, Nicolas; 10.1016/j.optlastec.2011.09.010

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Abstract--Grazing incidence metal mirrors in laser-driven IFE power plants are subject to a variety of threats that result  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of threats that result in damages leading to increased laser absorption, beam quality degradation and reduced of threats, including prompt neutron and gamma fluxes, x-ray and ionic emissions, and contamination from in the ARIES study. II. MIRROR DEFECTS AND ANALYSIS APPROACHES Depending on the type of threat, the mirror can

Tillack, Mark

420

E-E L T Primary Mirror Control System M. Dimmler, T. Erm, B. Bauvir, B. Sedghi, H. Bonnet, M. Mller and A. Wallander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! ! ! E-E L T Primary Mirror Control System M. Dimmler, T. Erm, B. Bauvir, B. Sedghi, H. Bonnet, M. Müller and A. Wallander European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany ABSTRA C T During the past year the control of the 42m segmented primary mirror of the E

Liske, Jochen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick Naulleaua, Phillip J. Batsona, Paul Denhama,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV Interferometry of a Four-Mirror Ring-Field EUV Optical System Kenneth A. Goldberg*a, Patrick At-wavelength, extreme ultraviolet interferometric measurements of a new, four-mirror, ring of several small-field EUV 10Ã? Schwarzschild objec- tives.5 A new branchline of the undulator source

Bokor, Jeffrey

422

The hybrid reactor project based on the straight field line mirror concept  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The straight field line mirror (SFLM) concept is aiming towards a steady-state compact fusion neutron source. Besides the possibility for steady state operation for a year or more, the geometry is chosen to avoid high loads on materials and plasma facing components. A comparatively small fusion hybrid device with 'semi-poor' plasma confinement (with a low fusion Q factor) may be developed for industrial transmutation and energy production from spent nuclear fuel. This opportunity arises from a large fission to fusion energy multiplication ratio, Q{sub r} = P{sub fis}/P{sub fus}>>1. The upper bound on Q{sub r} is primarily determined by geometry and reactor safety. For the SFLM, the upper bound is Q{sub r} Almost-Equal-To 150, corresponding to a neutron multiplicity of k{sub eff}=0.97. Power production in a mirror hybrid is predicted for a substantially lower electron temperature than the requirement T{sub e} Almost-Equal-To 10 keV for a fusion reactor. Power production in the SFLM seems possible with Q Almost-Equal-To 0.15, which is 10 times lower than typically anticipated for hybrids (and 100 times smaller than required for a fusion reactor). This relaxes plasma confinement demands, and broadens the range for use of plasmas with supra-thermal ions in hybrid reactors. The SFLM concept is based on a mirror machine stabilized by qudrupolar magnetic fields and large expander tanks beyond the confinement region. The purpose of the expander tanks is to distribute axial plasma loss flow over a sufficiently large area so that the receiving plates can withstand the heat. Plasma stability is not relying on a plasma flow into the expander regions. With a suppressed plasma flow into the expander tanks, a possibility arise for higher electron temperature. A brief presentation will be given on basic theory for the SFLM with plasma stability and electron temperature issues, RF heating computations with sloshing ion formation, neutron transport computations with reactor safety margins and material load estimates, magnetic coil designs as well as a discussion on the implications of the geometry for possible diagnostics. Reactor safety issues are addressed and a vertical orientation of the device could assist passive coolant circulation. Specific attention is put to a device with a 25 m long confinement region and 40 cm plasma radius in the mid-plane. In an optimal case (k{sub eff}= 0.97) with a fusion power of only 10 MW, such a device may be capable of producing a power of 1.5 GW{sub th}.

Agren, O.; Noack, K.; Moiseenko, V. E.; Hagnestal, A.; Kaellne, J.; Anglart, H. [Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Royal Institute of Technology, Nuclear Reactor Technology, SE 100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

423

Mirrors for X-ray telescopes: Fresnel diffraction-based computation of Point Spread Functions from metrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The imaging sharpness of an X-ray telescope is chiefly determined by the optical quality of its focusing optics, which in turn mostly depends on the shape accuracy and the surface finishing of the grazing incidence X-ray mirrors that compose the optical modules. In order to ensure the imaging performance during the mirror manufacturing, a fundamental step is represented by the prediction of the mirror Point Spread Function (PSF) from the metrology of its surface. Traditionally, the PSF computation in X-rays is assumed to be different depending on whether the surface defects are classified as figure errors or roughness [...] The aim of this work is to overcome this limit, providing analytical formulae, valid at any light wavelength, to compute the PSF of an X-ray mirror shell from the measured longitudinal profiles and the roughness Power Spectral Density (PSD), without distinguishing spectral ranges with different treatments. The method we adopted is based on the Huygens-Fresnel principle to compute the diffr...

Raimondi, Lorenzo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Magnetic Mirrors at the Nanoscale : Theory M. P. J. L. Chang, D. Jia1 and H. Nazari2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as electrons tend to move through a magnetic field by following a helical path about a magnetic field line. A magnetic mirror is a static magnetic field that, within a localized region, has a strong gradient (provided their velocity vector is not wholly parallel to the field line). If the field lines along the path

Chang, Mark J. L.

425

Preparation of dielectrics HR mirrors from colloidal oxide suspensions containing organic polymer binders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colloidal suspensions of oxides have been used to prepare dielectric HR (high reflective) mirrors, specifically for high power fusion case applications, on substrates up to 38 cm square using a meniscus coater. These coatings consist of porous quarterwave layers of alternating high and low refractive index oxides. Silica was used as the low index oxide and AlOOH, ZrO{sub 2}, or HfO{sub 2} as the high index material. Coatings were weak because of low particle-to-particle adhesion. Use of organic polymer binders in the high index component was found to increase strength, thereby improving the laser damage threshold and also reducing the number of layers required for 99% reflection due to increased refractive index.

Thomas, I.M.

1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

426

Electronic film with embedded micro-mirrors for solar energy concentrator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel electronic film solar energy concentrator with embedded micro-mirrors that track the sun is described. The potential viability of this new concept is presented. Due to miniaturization, the amount of material needed for the optical system is minimal. Because it is light-weight and flexible, it can easily be attached to the land or existing structures. This presents an economic advantage over conventional concentrators which require the construction of a separate structure to support them, and motors to orient them to intercept and properly reflect sunlight. Such separate structures must be able to survive gusts, windstorms, earthquakes, etc. This concentrator utilizes the ground or existing edifices which are already capable of withstanding such vicissitudes of nature.

Mario Rabinowitz; Mark Davidson

2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

427

Current Helicity and Twist as Two Indicators of The Mirror Asymmetry of solar Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison between the two tracers of magnetic field mirror asymmetry in solar active regions, twist and current helicity, is presented. It is shown that for individual active regions these tracers do not possess visible similarity while averaging by time over the solar cycle, or by latitude, reveals similarities in their behaviour. The main property of the dataset is anti-symmetry over the solar equator. Considering the evolution of helical properties over the solar cycle we find signatures of a possible sign change at the beginning of the cycle, though more systematic observational data are required for a definite confirmation. We discuss the role of both tracers in the context of the solar dynamo theory.

D. D. Sokoloff; H. Zhang; K. Kuzanyan; V. N. Obridko; D. N. Tomin; V. N. Tutubalin

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

428

Electronic film with embedded micro-mirrors for solar energy concentrator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel electronic film solar energy concentrator with embedded micro-mirrors that track the sun is described. The potential viability of this new concept is presented. Due to miniaturization, the amount of material needed for the optical system is minimal. Because it is light-weight and flexible, it can easily be attached to the land or existing structures. This presents an economic advantage over conventional concentrators which require the construction of a separate structure to support them, and motors to orient them to intercept and properly reflect sunlight. Such separate structures must be able to survive gusts, windstorms, earthquakes, etc. This concentrator utilizes the ground or existing edifices which are already capable of withstanding such vicissitudes of nature.

Rabinowitz, M; Rabinowitz, Mario; Davidson, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Finite-orbit method for dynamic analysis of mirror fusion systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model (FOREMD) is described which treats plasma buildup in small mirror fusion devices where finite gyroradius effects are important to the dynamic evolution of the density and energy profiles. An energy-dependent group technique is employed, but unlike conventional point-kinetic diffusion models, the local density is calculated by a summing over orbits passing through the volume of interest. This treatment is particularly important during buildup via neutral beam injection where charge-exchange losses near the surface affect the inner-volume density distribution through loss of large orbit ions. As an example of the use of FOREMD, buildup processes in two experimental devices (2X-IIB and TMX) are examined.

Campbell, M.M.; Miley, G.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Compact tunable Compton x-ray source from laser-plasma accelerator and plasma mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of the first tunable Compton backscattering (CBS) x-ray source that is based on the easily aligned combination of a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) and a plasma mirror (PM). The LPA is driven in the blowout regime by 30 TW, 30 fs laser pulses, and produces high-quality, tunable, quasi-monoenergetic electron beams. A thin plastic film near the gas jet exit efficiently retro-reflects the LPA driving pulse with relativistic intensity into oncoming electrons to produce $2\\times10^{7}$ CBS x-ray photons per shot with 10-20 mrad angular divergence and 50 % (FWHM) energy spread without detectable bremsstrahlung background. The x-ray central energy is tuned from 75 KeV to 200 KeV by tuning the LPA e-beam central energy. Particle-in-cell simulations of the LPA, the drive pulse/PM interaction and CBS agree well with measurements.

Tsai, Hai-En; Shaw, Joseph; Li, Zhengyan; Arefiev, Alexey V; Zhang, Xi; Zgadzaj, Rafal; Henderson, Watson; Khudik, V; Shvets, G; Downer, M C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Time interval and lattice vibration in Raman effect, photoelectric effect and plane mirror reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time interval between the incident and scattered photon in Raman effect and absorption of photon and emission of electron in photoelectric effect has not been determined till now. This is because there is no such high level instrument discovered till now to detect time interval to such a small level. But this can be calculated theoretically by applying a basic principle of physics like impulse is equal to the change in momentum. Considering the collision between electron and photon as perfect inelastic collision in photoelectric effect, elastic and inelastic collision in Raman effect and elastic collision in plane mirror reflection and the interaction between electron and photon as strong gravitational interaction we calculate the required time interval. During these phenomena there is lattice vibration which can be quantized as phonon particles.

M. Kumar; S. Sahoo

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cooperative Effects in a Tenuous Energetic Plasma Contained by a Magnetic Mirror Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation and characteristics of a steady?state hydrogen plasma contained in a magnetic mirror field are described. The mean ion energy is 20 keV. The plasma is formed by ionizing and trapping a portion of a beam of energetic hydrogen atoms passing through the confining field. The methods of measurement used to determine the plasma properties are described. Measurements of the radial and azimuthal trapped?ion distributions the average ion and electron densities and the plasma potential are compared with the predictions of simple theory neglecting cooperative plasma effects. The observed deviations from these simple predictions show that the plasma properties are dominated by cooperative phenomena. The plasma density is found to be limited to a low value (?4 × 107 ions/cm3) by a flute or drift instability. This instability is characterized by a low frequency rotation of the plasma at a frequency typically close to the ?B precession frequency of a 20?keV proton in the nonuniform mirror field. The plasma density at the unstable limit is observed to be related to the value of plasma potential. This relationship can be understood quantitatively by an extension of an earlier theoretical treatment of the drift instability to the case of unequal ion and electron densities. The flute oscillation frequency is also derived from this theory. Oscillations at the ion gyrofrequency are observed marking the presence of an electrostatic resonance type of instability. Coupling of these modes with the flute oscillations is described but detailed identification of the electrostatic resonance modes cannot yet be made.

C. C. Damm; J. H. Foote; A. H. Futch Jr.; A. L. Gardner; F. J. Gordon; A. L. Hunt; R. F. Post

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Programmable matched filter and Hadamard transform hyperspectral imagers based on micro-mirror arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI), in which each pixel contains a high-resolution spectrum, is a powerful technique that can remotely detect, identify, and quantify a multitude of materials and chemicals. The advent of addressable micro-mirror arrays (MMAs) makes possible a new class of programmable hyperspectral imagers that can perform key spectral processing functions directly in the optical hardware, thus alleviating some of HSI's high computational overhead, as well as offering improved signal-to-noise in certain important regimes (e.g. when using uncooled infrared detectors). We have built and demonstrated a prototype UV-Visible micro-mirror hyperspectral imager that is capable not only of matched-filter imaging, but also of full hyperspectral imagery via the Hadamard transform technique. With this instrument, one can upload a chemical-specific spectral matched filter directly to the MMA, producing an image showing the location of that chemical without further processing. Target chemicals are changeable nearly instantaneously simply by uploading new matched-filter patterns to the MMA. Alternatively, the MMA can implement Hadamard mask functions, yielding a full-spectrum hyperspectral image upon inverting the transform. In either case, the instrument can produce the 2D spatial image either by an internal scan, using the MMA itself, or with a traditional external push-broom scan. The various modes of operation are selectable simply by varying the software driving the MMA. Here the design and performance of the prototype is discussed, along with experimental results confirming the signal-to-noise improvement produced by the Hadamard technique in the noisy-detector regime.

Love, Steven P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Stability of single and tandem junction a-Si:H solar cells grown using the ECR process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on the fabrication and stability tests of single junction a-Si:H, and tandem junction a-Si:H/A-Si:H solar cells using the ECR process under high hydrogen dilution (H-ECR process). They show that devices with high fill factors can be made using the H-ECR process. They also report on the stability studies of the solar cells under 1 and 2-sun illumination conditions. The solar cells show very little degradation even after 500 hours of illumination under 2 x sunlight illumination.

Dalal, V.L.; Maxson, T.; Girvan, R.; Haroon, S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Effect of Manganese Concentration in the Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Tandem Structure on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The photovoltaic electricity is obtained by direct conversion of sunlight into electricity by solar cells. The objective of this work is the study and simulation of a Tandem photovoltaic structure based on Cd1-xMnxTe as top material cell. This paper describes the optimization of energy efficiency for Cd1-xMnxTe thin films deposited by epitaxy on CdTe substrat. We present the impact of the manganese concentration in Cd1-xMnxTe thin films on solar cells performances. Our study includes simulation results to show the conversion efficiency and main performances factors as function of the manganese concentration.

A. Aissat; M. El Bey; M. Fathi; J.P. Vilcot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Validation experiment of a numerically processed millimeter-wave interferometer in a laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a new interferometer system for density profile measurements. This system produces multiple measurement chords by a leaky-wave antenna driven by multiple frequency inputs. The proposed system was validated in laboratory evaluation experiments. We confirmed that the interferometer generates a clear image of a Teflon plate as well as the phase shift corresponding to the plate thickness. In another experiment, we confirmed that quasi-optical mirrors can produce multiple measurement chords; however, the finite spot size of the probe beam degrades the sharpness of the resulting image.

Kogi, Y., E-mail: kogi@fit.ac.jp; Higashi, T.; Matsukawa, S. [Department of Information Electronics, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Mase, A. [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-0811 (Japan); Kohagura, J.; Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Nagayama, Y.; Kawahata, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5202 (Japan); Kuwahara, D. [Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at Lawrence Livermore's  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 08/26/2013 | NR-13-08-04 High Resolution Image All NIF experiments are controlled and orchestrated by the integrated computer control system in the facility's control room. It consists of 950 front-end processors attached to about 60,000 control points, including mirrors, lenses, motors, sensors, cameras, amplifiers, capacitors and diagnostic instruments. Laser fusion experiment yields record energy at Lawrence Livermore's National Ignition Facility Breanna Bishop, LLNL, (925) 423-9802, bishop33@llnl.gov High Resolution Image The preamplifiers of the National Ignition Facility are the first step in increasing the energy of laser beams as they make their way toward the target chamber. LIVERMORE, Calif. -- In the early morning hours of Aug.13, Lawrence

438

The next-generation BLASTPol experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for Polarimetry (BLASTPol) is a suborbital mapping experiment designed to study the role magnetic fields play in star formation. BLASTPol has had two science flights from McMurdo Station, Antarctica in 2010 and 2012. These flights have produced thousands of polarization vectors at 250, 350 and 500 microns in several molecular cloud targets. We present the design, specifications, and progress towards the next-generation BLASTPol experiment (BLAST-TNG). BLAST-TNG will fly a 40% larger diameter primary mirror, with almost 8 times the number of polarization-sensitive detectors resulting in a factor of 16 increase in mapping speed. With a spatial resolution of 22 arcseconds and four times the field of view of BLASTPol, BLAST-TNG will bridge the angular scales between Planck's low resolution all-sky maps and ALMA's ultra-high resolution narrow fields. The new receiver has a larger cryogenics volume, allowing for a 28 day hold time. BLAST-TNG employs three arr...

Dober, Bradley; Ashton, Peter; Angilè, Francesco E; Beall, James A; Becker, Dan; Bradford, Kristi J; Che, George; Cho, Hsiao-Mei; Devlin, Mark J; Fissel, Laura M; Fukui, Yasuo; Galitzki, Nicholas; Gao, Jiansong; Groppi, Christopher E; Hillbrand, Seth; Hilton, Gene C; Hubmayr, Johannes; Irwin, Kent D; Klein, Jeffrey; Van Lanen, Jeff; Li, Dale; Li, Zhi-Yun; Lourie, Nathan P; Mani, Hamdi; Martin, Peter G; Mauskopf, Philip; Nakamura, Fumitaka; Novak, Giles; Pappas, David P; Pascale, Enzo; Santos, Fabio P; Savini, Giorgio; Scott, Douglas; Stanchfield, Sara; Ullom, Joel N; Underhill, Matthew; Vissers, Michael R; Ward-Thompson, Derek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Normal-incidence Sb/B{sub 4}C multilayer mirrors for the 80 A < {lambda} < 120 A wavelength range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Periodic and aperiodic Sb/B4C multilayer structures have been theoretically calculated and synthesised for the first time for the application in soft X-ray optics in the 80 A < {lambda} < 120 A range. The reflection spectra of the periodic multilayer mirrors are measured using synchrotron radiation and laser plasma-generated radiation. The experimental spectra are theoretically interpreted with the inclusion of transition layers and substrate roughness. The density of antimony layers is supposedly {rho}{sub (Sb)} = 6.0 g cm{sup -3}, and the thickness of transition layers (if any) in the Sb/B4C multilayer structures does not exceed 10 A. A peak reflectivity of 19 % is attained at a wavelength of 85 A. An aperiodic mirror optimised for maximum uniform reflectivity in the 100 - 120 A range is tested employing the laser plasma radiation source. (x-ray optics)

Vishnyakov, E A; Voronov, D L; Gullikson, E M; Kondratenko, V V; Kopylets, I A; Luginin, M S; Pirozhkov, A S; Ragozin, Evgenii N; Shatokhin, A N

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Determination of Zofenopril and Its Active Metabolite in Human Plasma Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Combined With a Triple-Quadruple Tandem Mass Spectrometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Chromatography Combined With a Triple-Quadruple Tandem Mass Spectrometer Yuan Tian 1 Jing Cao 1 Lifang Luo 1 Zunjian Zhang 1 2 * Pengcheng Ma 3 * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Email: zunjianzhangcpu@hotmail.com 1 Key Laboratory of Drug......

Yuan Tian; Jing Cao; Lifang Luo; Zunjian Zhang; Pengcheng Ma

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Stand alone computer system to aid the development of Mirror Fusion Test Facility rf heating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) control system architecture requires the Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System (SCDS) to communicate with a LSI-11 Local Control Computer (LCC) that in turn communicates via a fiber optic link to CAMAC based control hardware located near the machine. In many cases, the control hardware is very complex and requires a sizable development effort prior to being integrated into the overall MFTF-B system. One such effort was the development of the Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) system. It became clear that a stand alone computer system was needed to simulate the functions of SCDS. This paper describes the hardware and software necessary to implement the SCDS Simulation Computer (SSC). It consists of a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) LSI-11 computer and a Winchester/Floppy disk operating under the DEC RT-11 operating system. All application software for MFTF-B is programmed in PASCAL, which allowed us to adapt procedures originally written for SCDS to the SSC. This nearly identical software interface means that software written during the equipment development will be useful to the SCDS programmers in the integration phase.

Thomas, R.A.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

SST-GATE: A dual mirror telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will be the world's first open observatory for very high energy gamma-rays. Around a hundred telescopes of different sizes will be used to detect the Cherenkov light that results from gamma-ray induced air showers in the atmosphere. Amongst them, a large number of Small Size Telescopes (SST), with a diameter of about 4 m, will assure an unprecedented coverage of the high energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum (above ~1TeV to beyond 100 TeV) and will open up a new window on the non-thermal sky. Several concepts for the SST design are currently being investigated with the aim of combining a large field of view (~9 degrees) with a good resolution of the shower images, as well as minimizing costs. These include a Davies-Cotton configuration with a Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (GAPD) based camera, as pioneered by FACT, and a novel and as yet untested design based on the Schwarzschild-Couder configuration, which uses a secondary mirror to reduce the plate-scale and to all...

Zech, A; Blake, S; Boisson, C; Costille, C; De-Frondat, F; Dournaux, J -L; Dumas, D; Fasola, G; Greenshaw, T; Hervet, O; Huet, J -M; Laporte, P; Rulten, C; Savoie, D; Sayede, F; Schmoll, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Kinetic stabilization of interchange modes in an axisymmetric mirror by large orbit radius thermal ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dispersion functional analysis that includes the full kinetic effects of large Larmor radius thermal ions is applied to the problem of stability of an axisymmetric mirror to finite azimuthal mode number ({ital m}) interchange modes. Vlasov theory is used to describe the ions, which are imbedded in a background of fluid electrons. The dispersion functional is solved numerically, both for a trial function displacement, where only the growth rate is determined, and the general case, where both the displacement and the growth rate are determined. In the trial function case, it is found that finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects are recovered, with a significant reduction in the growth rate when ({rho}{sub {ital i}}/{ital L}){sup 2}{approx gt}{gamma}{sub MHD}/{Omega}{sub {ital i}}. In a general case, the growth rate is reduced, but not so strongly as in the trial function case. It is shown heuristically that FLR effects may be recovered from the analysis and that these effects increase with the phase-space decorrelation time of the thermal ion distribution.

Krall, J.; Seyler, C.E.; Sudan, R.N. (Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (US))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Kinetic stabilization of interchange modes in an axisymmetric mirror by large orbit radius thermal ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dispersion functional analysis that includes the full kinetic effects of large Larmor radius thermal ions is applied to the problem of stability of an axisymmetric mirror to finite azimuthal mode number (m) interchange modes. Vlasov theory is used to describe the ions which are imbedded in a background of fluid electrons. The dispersion functional is solved numerically both for a trial function displacement where only the growth rate is determined and the general case where both the displacement and the growth rate are determined. In the trial function case it is found that finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects are recovered with a significant reduction in the growth rate when (? i /L)2?? MHD /? i . In a general case the growth rate is reduced but not so strongly as in the trial function case. It is shown heuristically that FLR effects may be recovered from the analysis and that these effects increase with the phase?space decorrelation time of the thermal ion distribution.

J. Krall; C. E. Seyler; R. N. Sudan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Rational reductions of the 2D-Toda hierarchy and mirror symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce and study a two-parameter family of symmetry reductions of the two-dimensional Toda lattice hierarchy, which are characterized by a rational factorization of the Lax operator into a product of an upper diagonal and the inverse of a lower diagonal formal difference operator. They subsume and generalize several classical 1 + 1 integrable hierarchies, such as the bigraded Toda hierarchy, the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy and E. Frenkel's q-deformed Gelfand-Dickey hierarchy. We establish their characterization in terms of block Toeplitz matrices for the associated factorization problem, and study their Hamiltonian structure. At the dispersionless level, we show how the Takasaki-Takebe classical limit gives rise to a family of non-conformal Frobenius manifolds with flat identity. We use this to generalize the relation of the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy to Gromov-Witten theory by proving an analogous mirror theorem for rational reductions: in particular, we show that the dual-type Frobenius manifolds we obtain are isomorphic to the equivariant quantum cohomology of a family of toric Calabi-Yau threefolds obtained from minimal resolutions of the local orbifold line.

Andrea Brini; Guido Carlet; Stefano Romano; Paolo Rossi

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

446

High?quality focused?ion?beam?made mirrors for InGaP/InGaAlP visible?laser diodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We employed a focused ion beam(FIB) to sputter the end mirrors on InGaP/InGaAlP laser diodes. This particular diode operates at a wavelength of about 670 nm. For this wavelength the quality of the sputteredmirrors is far more critical than for longer wavelength devices. The present lasers do in fact show a relatively large increase in their threshold current after FIBmicromachining. In this article we investigate the origins of this increase and how to prevent it. After optimization the lasers with a FIB?made end mirror have a threshold current comparable to that of cleaved?facet devices. We have seen that the polycrystalline structure of the device metallization on top of the laser diode causes roughening of the mirror during sputtering which results in severe scatter losses of the laser light. A method to decrease the surface roughness is given. A further reason for the increase in threshold current is optical absorption at the mirror presumably by a Ga?rich layer. This can be circumvented by chemical etching after FIB treatment to remove the absorbing layer. Finally to demonstrate the quality and the applicability of the FIB?made mirrors the influence of the tilt angle of the end mirror on the threshold current of the laser has been investigated. This dependency can be excellently described by theory.

M. H. F. Overwijk; J. A. de Poorter

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry analysis of phospholipid molecular species from Antarctic and non-Antarctic yeasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry was applied to the comprehensive analysis of phospholipids from seven Antarctic and seven non-Antarctic yeasts. Identification of specific fatty acyl moieties to the sn-1 and sn-2 positions of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylinositol (PI) were determined by relative abundance of fragment ions associated with formation of carboxylate anions and loss of fragment ions as free fatty carboxylic acid and ketene. Modulations with growth temperature in fatty acyl moieties in the sn-1 and sn-2 positions were characterized. Principal component analysis demonstrated that PE, PC and to a lesser extent PS, but not PI, were grouped into three distinct clusters consisting of seven Antarctic yeasts (Cryptococcus victoriae, Holtermanniella wattica, H. nyarrowii, Candida psychrophila, Leucosporidium fellii, Glaciozyma antarctica, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa), four non-Antarctic yeasts (C. albicans, Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, Cr. humicolus, R. mucilaginosa) and three strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Mohammad Bhuiyan; David Tucker; Kenneth Watson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection applied for analysis of pteridines in two Graphosoma species (Insecta: Heteroptera)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new separation method involving hydrophilic interaction chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection has been developed for the analysis of pteridines, namely biopterin, isoxanthopterin, leucopterin, neopterin, xanthopterin and erythropterin in the cuticle of heteropteran insect species. Two columns, Atlantis HILIC Silica and ZIC®-HILIC were tested for the separation of these pteridines. The effect of organic modifier content, buffer type, concentration and pH in mobile phase on retention and separation behavior of the selected pteridines was studied and the separation mechanism was also investigated. The optimized conditions for the separation of pteridines consisted of ZIC®-HILIC column, mobile phase composed of acetonitrile/5 mM ammonium acetate, pH 6.80, 85/15 (v/v), flow rate 0.5 mL/min and column temperature 30 °C. Detection was performed by tandem mass spectrometry operating in electrospray ionization with Agilent Jet Stream technology using the selected reaction monitoring mode. The optimized method provided a linearity range from 0.3 to 5000 ng/mL (r > 0.9975) and repeatability with relative standard deviation < 8.09% for all the studied pteridines. The method was applied to the analysis of pteridines in the cuticle of larvae and three adult color forms of Graphosoma lineatum and one form of Graphosoma semipunctatum (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). The analysis shows that different forms of Graphosoma species can be characterized by different distribution of individual pteridines, which affects the coloration of various forms. Only isoxanthopterin was found in all the five forms tested.

Petr Kozlík; Jan Krají?ek; Kv?ta Kalíková; Eva Tesa?ová; Radomír ?abala; Alice Exnerová; Pavel Štys; Zuzana Bosáková

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Protonation sites and dissociation mechanisms of t-butylcarbamates in tandem mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(isobutylene, i-C4H8) and carbon dioxide is shown by experi- ment and theory to proceed in two steps. Energy-methylpropene (isobutylene, i-C4H8) and carbon dioxide to result in the combined loss of 100Da neutral fragments of tert-butylcarbamate ions in the gas-phase and methanol solution were studied for simple secondary

Gelb, Michael

450

Bob Ellis designs a PPPL first: A 3D printed mirror for microwave...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for shorter experiments, decided to try out a novel manufacturing process called 3D printing that produces components as unified wholes with minimal need for further...

451

High Energy Gamma-Ray Observations of the Crab Nebula and Pulsar with the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) is a new ground-based atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for gamma-ray astronomy. STACEE uses the large mirror area of a solar heliostat facility to achieve a low energy threshold. A prototype experiment which uses 32 heliostat mirrors with a total mirror area of ~ 1200\\unit{m^2} has been constructed. This prototype, called STACEE-32, was used to search for high energy gamma-ray emission from the Crab Nebula and Pulsar. Observations taken between November 1998 and February 1999 yield a strong statistical excess of gamma-like events from the Crab, with a significance of $+6.75\\sigma$ in 43 hours of on-source observing time. No evidence for pulsed emission from the Crab Pulsar was found, and the upper limit on the pulsed fraction of the observed excess was E_{th}) = (2.2 \\pm 0.6 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^{-10}\\unit{photons cm^{-2} s^{-1}}. The observed flux is in agreement with a continuation to lower energies of the power law spectrum seen at TeV energies.

STACEE Collaboration; S. Oser; D. Bhattacharya; L. M. Boone; M. C. Chantell; Z. Conner; C. E. Covault; M. Dragovan; P. Fortin; D. T. Gregorich; D. S. Hanna; R. Mukherjee; R. A. Ong; K. Ragan; R. A. Scalzo; D. R. Schuette; C. G. Theoret; T. O. Tumer; D. A. Williams; J. A. Zweerink

2000-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

Recent AGN Observations by the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) is a ground?based atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for the detection of very high energy gamma rays from Galactic and extra?galactic sources. By utilizing the large collection area provided by the solar mirrors of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque New Mexico STACEE achieves a low energy threshold around 100 GeV for the detection of gamma rays. We briefly describe the STACEE detector and detail recent observations of Active Galactic Nuclei.

J. Kildea; A. Alabiso; D. A. Bramel; J. Carson; C. E. Covault; D. Driscoll; P. Fortin; D. M. Gingrich; D. S. Hanna; A. Jarvis; T. Lindner; R. Mukherjee; C. Mueller; R. A. Ong; R. A. Scalzo; D. A. Williams; J. Zweerink

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

COR Summary of Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Effective January 1, 2012 CORs who are applying for certification must demonstrate past contracting, acquisition, procurement, program/project management, and general business experience. This experience is based on a set of competencies. Some of the competencies are listed below to use as a reference when you are documenting your previous experience. Use this template to document your experience. Experience should be supported by a written confirmation from the cognizant Contracting Officer/Contract Specialist showing the contract number, title and date(s) to which the experience applied. Once you have completed this document, please forward it and its supporting statement(s) to your Site Acquisition Career Manager (SACM) as part of your application for COR certification.

454

Development of tandem amorphous/microcrystalline silicon thin-film large-area see-through color solar panels with reflective layer and 4-step laser scribing for building-integrated photovoltaic applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, tandem amorphous/microcrystalline silicon thin-film large-area see-through color solar modules were successfully designed and developed for building-integrated photovoltaic applications. Novel and key technologies of reflective layers and ...

Chin-Yi Tsai, Chin-Yao Tsai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Discover Jacksonville | Ultimate Jaguars | First Coast Fugitives | Internet Directory | Jax2Go Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Periscope | Ultimate Yellow Pages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wireless Water's Edge magazine | H for Health magazine | Jax Air News | Mayport Mirror | Kings Bay Manatee County Port Authority Central Florida: Furniture Refinishers Sub- Contract Leathersmith

Richardson, Martin C.

456

Spectrally selective laminated glazing consisting of solar control and heat mirror coated glass: preparation, characterization and modelling of heat transfer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, solar control coatings were prepared by sequential depositions of thin films of ZnS (40 nm)–CuS (150 nm) and ZnS (40 nm)–Bi2S3 (75 nm)–CuS (150 nm) from chemical baths on 3 mm thick commercial sheet glass. These were laminated to 3 mm thick clear glass or commercially available SnO2 based heat mirror coating of sheet resistance 15 ? on float glass of 3 mm thickness using a poly(ethylene vinyl acetate), EVA, sheet of 0.36 mm thickness in a vacuum process at 120 °C for 30 min. In total, the thickness of the glazing was 6.35 mm. The glazings possess visible transmittance, weighted for D65 solar spectra and sensitivity of the human eye for daylight vision, of 36% or 14% with solar absorptance of 71% or 78% depending on the coating type, i.e ZnS–CuS or ZnS–Bi2S3–CuS-heat mirror respectively. The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) was evaluated for these glazings at exterior temperatures of 15 and 32 °C for an exterior convective heat transfer coefficient (hex) of 6–100 Wm?2 K?1 using a mathematical model. The model predicts the extent of reduction in SHGC through the presence of the heat mirror coating as a function of hex and hence helps to decide on the relative benefit, which may be derived through their use in different locations. Though the deposition technique mentioned here involves longer duration compared with vacuum techniques, it may be developed into a low throughput, low-capital alternate technology for small-scale production.

G. Alvarez; J.J. Flores; J.O. Aguilar; O. Gómez-Daza; C.A. Estrada; M.T.S. Nair; P.K. Nair

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A Review of "Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Colonial Mexico" by Laura A. Lewis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.95 cloth; $22.95 paperback. Review by patricia m. garc?a, the university of texas at austin. Laura A. Lewis?s Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Co- lonial Mexico begins with the first of many case histories of men and women accused... witchcraft) and within the system as they maintained a protected legal status exempting them from court proceedings and from enslavement. Chapter two, ?The Roads are Harsh: Spanish and Indians in the Sanctioned Domain,? examines such relationships...

Garcia, Patricia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Potential Structure Modified by Electron Cyclotron Resonance in a Plasma Flow along Magnetic Field Lines with Mirror Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A plasma potential structure is modified by the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) in a collisionless plasma flow along magnetic field lines with simple mirror configuration. In the presence of a single ECR point at the bottom of the magnetic well, there appears a potential dip (thermal barrier) around this point, being followed by a potential hump (plug potential) in the downstream side. The result in this simplified configuration gives a clear-cut physics to the formation of field-aligned plug potential with thermal barrier.

T. Kaneko; R. Hatakeyama; N. Sato

1998-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

Two-stream cyclotron radiative instabilities due to the marginally mirror-trapped fraction for fustion alphas in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown here that the marginally mirror-trapped fraction of the newly-born fusion alpha particles in the deuterium-tritium (DT) reaction dominated tokamak plasmas can induce a two-stream cyclotron radiative instability for the fast Alfven waves propagating near the harmonics of the alpha particle cyclotron frequency {omega}{sub c{alpha}}. This can explain both the experimentally observed time behavior and the spatially localized origin of the fusion product ion cyclotron emission (ICE) in TFTR at frequencies {omega} {approx} m{omega}{sub c{alpha}}.

Arunasalam, V.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Hot electrons in the anchor region of the axicell design of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The axicell design of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) requires electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) up to average electron energies of as high as 450 keV. These temperatures, plus the magnetic field and plasma beta profiles, lead to the requirement for three frequencies-28, 35, and 56 (or 60) GHz. Power balance studies include the effects of scattering, drag, synchrotron radiation, and cold electron production, and they predict that about 600 kW of ECRH power is needed at each end of MFTF.

Shearer, J.W.

1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Multi-species Fokker-Planck calculations for D-T and D-3He mirror reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Values of the confinement parameter ntau and the figure of merit Q (the ratio of thermonuclear power to injected power) are obtained for postulated reactor conditions. The heart of the work is the numerical solution, under tested assumptions, of the coupled Fokker-Planck equations for as many as six charged species. A study is made of D-T and D-3He fuel cycles, including reaction products, in the following parameter ranges: mirror ratio, 2m03He fraction for the D-3He cycle, 0.05HeDTDHe

A H Futch Jr; J P Holdren; J Killeen; A A Mirin

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Prototype Test Results of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are currently no experiments, either satellite or ground-based, that are sensitive to astrophysical gamma-rays at energies between 20 and 250 GeV. We are developing the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) to explore this energy range. STACEE will use heliostat mirrors at a solar research facility to collect Cherenkov light from extensive air showers produced by high energy gamma-rays. Here we report on the results of prototype test work at the solar facility of Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM). The work demonstrates that the facility is suitable for use as an astrophysical observatory. In addition, using a full scale prototype of part of STACEE, we detected atmospheric Cherenkov radiation at energies lower than any other ground-based experiment to date.

STACEE Collaboration

1997-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

463

Soft X-ray reflectivity and structure evaluation of CoCr/C multilayer X-ray mirrors for spectral region around 6 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of highly-reflective multilayer mirrors for use in the 6-nm region is desired for X-ray photoemission spectroscopy for inner-shell excitation using a Schwarzschild objective. For this application, reflectivity is the most critical parameter determining the performance of multilayer mirrors, because the reflectivities of multilayers in the 6-nm region are generally very low. We have designed CoCr/C multilayer mirrors with a comparatively high reflectivity at around normal incidence and have fabricated them by magnetron sputtering. The measured peak reflectivity is about 11.5% at a wavelength of around 6 nm and an incident angle of 88°. Thermal annealing was found to markedly improve the reflectivity, and a high value of 13% was obtained by annealing at 400 in an Ar atmosphere for 1 h.

H. Takenaka; K. Nagai; H. Ito; Y. Muramatsu; T. Kawamura; E. Gullikson; R.C.C. Perera

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Three mirror off axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy for the detection of ethylene using a quantum cascade laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We demonstrate the performance of a compact and robust gas sensor based on a pulsed distributed feedback quantum cascade laser (QCL, laser pulses 30 ns, repetition rate 1 MHz) in combination with off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (OA-ICOS) in an improved 3 mirror configuration. The room temperature laser (wavelength 915 cm?1) was wavelength tuned over ?0.25 cm?1 with a 4 kHz repetition frequency. A detection limit of 10 ppbv (part-per-billion volume) for regular OA-ICOS is demonstrated for ethylene in 2 min averaging time, which is equal to a noise equivalent absorption sensitivity (NEAS) of 1 × 10?8 cm?1 Hz?1/2. An improved three mirror configuration OA-ICOS scheme showed a four times increase in sensitivity as compared to standard OA-ICOS, resulting in a NEAS of 2.5 × 10?9 cm?1 Hz?1/2. The sensor was used for ethylene detection from apples, stored under controlled atmosphere conditions.

R. Centeno; J. Mandon; S.M. Cristescu; F.J.M. Harren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Fertilizer Experiments with Cotton.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIBRARY. A & M COLLEGE, CAMPUS I TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 469 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY Fertilizer Experiments with Cotton AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE... of seven years experiments with fertilizers on cotton at Troup, Nacogdoches, Angleton, College Station, Beeville, Tem- ple, and Denton, Texas, are reported in this Bulletin. The Kirvin fine sandy loam at Troup and the Nacogdoches and Ruston fine sandy...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Irish Potato Fertilizer Experiments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. BULLETIN NO 101 January, 1908. ish Potato Fertilizer Experiments - Postoffice, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS OFFICERS. GOVERNING BOARD. (Board of Directors... was sc Be Irish Potato Fl nents W. S. Hotchkiss and E. J. Kyle. e fertilizer work with the Irish potato at Troupe was first planned fall of 1902. The results which were gotten upon harvesting the the spring of 1903 were so opposed, especially...

Hotchkiss, W.S.; Kyle, E. J. (Edwin Jackson)

1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

A Simple Eclipse Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the experiment above cited may be produced in one of three ways: first, by roughening the surface of the pin's head; secondly, by dust on the edges of ...

W. G. ROYAL-DAWSON

1912-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

468

CASL Test Stand Experience  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Industry Test Stand Experience Stephen Hess, EPRI Heather Feldman, EPRI Brenden Mervin, EPRI Martin Pytel, EPRI Rose Montgomery, TVA Bill Bird, TVA Fausto Franceschini,...

469

Operating Experience Committee Charter  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and the ability to learn from experience are attributes consistently evident in High Reliability Organizations. These organizations are learning organizations, which have...

470

A proposed design and fabrication of lenses and mirrors from a set of spherical rings that produce desired energy distributions for solar energy applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The amount of energy contained in the solar aureole affects the performance of solar systems. Solar optical systems are, therefore, dependent on the characteristics of the shape of the sun in a specific geographical location. For this reason, the present study proposes the design of solid lenses and mirrors modelled from a set of concentric spherical rings that give a desired distribution of energy in the focal plane. One hundred spherical rings, whose optimum curvature radius values were calculated by Genetic Algorithms, were employed in the modelling process. The study also proposes a design of a petal tool to polish lens and mirror surfaces. (author)

Gonzalez-Garcia, Jorge [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla BUAP, Apartado Postal 1152, 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Vazquez-Montiel, Sergio [Instituto de Optica, Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica INAOE, Santa Maria, Tonantzintla Puebla, Apartado Postal 51 y 216 (Mexico); Santiago-Alvarado, Agustin [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico); Instituto de Optica, Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica, Optica y Electronica INAOE, Santa Maria, Tonantzintla Puebla, Apartado Postal 51 y 216 (Mexico); Cordero-Davila, Alberto [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla BUAP, Apartado Postal 1152, 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Castro-Gonzalez, Graciela [Universidad Tecnologica de la Mixteca UTM, Km 2.5 Carretera a Acatlima, Huajuapan de Leon Oaxaca, C. P. 69000 (Mexico)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Experiments Approved at the May 20-21, 2005 ATLAS PAC Meeting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Priority I Experiments Approved at the May 20-21, 2005 ATLAS PAC Meeting Priority I Experiments Approved at the May 20-21, 2005 ATLAS PAC Meeting Proposal # PI Name Title Days 1036-2 S. Williams High Spin States in the T = 3/2 Mirror Nuclei 37Ca and 37Cl, and the T = 1/2 Mirror Nuclei 37K and 37Ar 4 1050-2 M.A.Bentley High Spin States in the N=Z-3 Nucleus 49Fe - Coulomb Effects at Large Proton Excess 6 1078-2 N. Scielzo Production of 14O for Future Measurements with the Advanced Penning Trap and Precision Measurement of the Q-Value of the Superallowed Branch 7 1085 T. Ahn Identification of the mixed-symmetry one-phonon 2+{1,ms} state of 136Ce and 134Xe in inverse-kinematics Coulomb excitation 2 1086 A. H. Wuosmaa Study of excited states in 7He through the d(8Li,3He)7He reaction 6 1088X A. H. Wuosmaa Development of a 10C Beam 2

472

The DITE Tokamak Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 1981 research-article The DITE Tokamak Experiment J. W. M. Paul W. H. M...magnetic containment of hot plasma in the tokamak toroidal configuration, and plasma heating...these concepts in the Divertor Injection Tokamak Experiment (DITE) at Culham Laboratory...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Practical Experiments in Statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An simple and inexpensive experiment in radioactive decay that can be applied to any field that requires a knowledge of statistics; the primary goal is to familiarize students with probability distributions. ... A Didactic Experience of Statistical Analysis for the Determination of Glycine in a Nonaqueous Medium Using ANOVA and a Computer Program ...

Craig A. Stone; Lorin D. Mumaw

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Conference: Synergy Between Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kaxiras (Harvard) Synopsis ­ Society's ceaseless demand for clean, renewable energy resources on rapidly developing areas of nanoscale computation, will hold a conference on energy research, experimentAn NNIN/C Conference: Synergy Between Experiment and Computation in Energy ­ Looking to 2030. Yu

Heller, Eric

475

COR Summary of Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COR SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE Effective January 1, 2012, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) added a requirement for past COR experience to qualify for FAC-COR Level II (journeyman level) and III (senior/expert level). At least 1 year of COR experience is required to qualify for Level II; 2 years for Level III. OFPP strongly advises that applicants for Level III have prior experience at Level II. Applicants with no prior experience as an appointed COR must demonstrate proficiency in the specific competencies listed below for the same time period, validated by a cognizant Contracting Officer or Contract Specialist by signature below or an accompanying e-mail. Submit this form to your Site Acquisition Career Manager (SACM) as part of your application

476

Stabilization of a Neutral-Beam—Sustained, Mirror-Confined Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report results of plasma confinement experiments with an auxiliary warm-plasma component flowing along magnetic field lines to suppress ion-cyclotron instabilities. The reduced plasma losses, with the lower fluctuation amplitude, permits neutral-beam build-up of a 13-keV deuterium plasma to densities as high as 4 × 1013 cm-3 corresponding to peak beta values of 0.4. Variation of the beam energy demonstrates that longer confinement times are achieved at higher ion energies.

F. H. Coensgen, W. F. Cummins, B. G. Logan, A. W. Molvik, W. E. Nexsen, T. C. Simonen, B. W. Stallard, and W. C. Turner

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The Neutron EDM Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutron EDM experiment has played an important part over many decades in shaping and constraining numerous models of CP violation. This review article discusses some of the techniques used to calculate EDMs under various theoretical scenarios, and highlights some of the implications of EDM limits upon such models. A pedagogical introduction is given to the experimental techniques employed in the recently completed ILL experiment, including a brief discussion of the dominant systematic uncertainties. A new and much more sensitive version of the experiment, which is currently under development, is also outlined.

P. G. Harris

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

478

Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices Majid Esfandyarpour1, Erik C. Garnett1, Yi Cui1,2, Michael D. McGehee1 and Mark L. Brongersma1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices Majid Esfandyarpour1, Erik C. Garnett1, Yi Cui1 is highly undesirable in optoelectronic devices that use metal films as both electrical contacts and optical optoelectronic devices becomes obvious when an active semiconductor layer is placed in direct contact

Cui, Yi

479

BNL | Completed ATF Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Completed / Terminated ATF Experiments Completed / Terminated ATF Experiments AE01 - Micro-undulator FEL Experiment. Spokesperson: I. Ben-Zvi, BNL. (1992 - 1997) AE02. - Inverse FEL Accelerator. Spokesperson: A. van Steenbergen, BNL. [Yale, Columbia]. (1992-1997) AE03 - Laser Grating Accelerator Experiment. Spokesperson: R. Fernow, BNL. [Princeton, LANL]. (1992- 1996) AE05 - Nonlinear-Compton Scattering. Spokesperson: K. McDonald, Princeton (1992-) AE06 - Inverse Cherenkov Acceleration. Spokesperson: W. Kimura, STI Optronics. [UCSB,BNL]. (1992-1997) AE08 - Far Infrared Radiation Source. Spokesperson J. Walsh, Dartmouth. [Oxford, BNL]. (1992 - 1994) AE09. - Photocathode R&D. Spokesperson: T. Rao, BNL. (1992 - ) AE10. - High Gain Harmonic Generation FEL. Spokesperson: L.H. Yu, BNL. [ANL] (1992 - 2001)

480

The Colorado FRC Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new experiment is under development for the study of turbulence, flow, and cross-field transport in a field-reversed configuration. The facility is a merged-spheromak device driven by magnetized coaxial plasma ...

T. Munsat; C. L. Ellison; A. Light; J. Nuger; W. Willcockson…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tandem mirror experiment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Corporate Operating Experience Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program helps to prevent the recurrence of significant adverse events/trends by sharing performance information, lessons learned and good practices across the DOE complex.

482

General relativity and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The confrontation between Einstein's theory of gravitation and experiment is summarized. Although all current experimental data are compatible with general relativity, the importance of pursuing the quest for possible deviations from Einstein's theory is emphasized.

T. Damour

1994-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

483

Some Experiments in Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1904 research-article Some Experiments in Magnetism T. C. Porter The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1904-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Solar neutrino experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main results of solar neutrino experiments are presented, ranging from the pioneering Cl - Ar experiment up to the most recent Borexino data. Solar neutrino fluxes and spectra are given for two versions of the standard solar model, and radiochemical and electronic detectors are briefly described. The results of Be- and pep-neutrino detection by Borexino are presented. The LMA-MSW oscillation solution of the solar neutrino problem is considered.

A V Derbin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The MAJORANA Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MAJORANA collaboration is actively pursuing research and development aimed at a tonne-scale 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay) experiment. The current, primary focus is the construction of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR experiment, an R&D effort that will field approximately 40kg of germanium detectors with mixed enrichment levels. This article provides a status update on the construction of the DEMONSTRATOR.

The MAJORANA Collaboration

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

486

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

487

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

488

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

489

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print Complete Experiment Safety Documentation Print User Safety Overview The steps for authorization of your experiment are described below. The ALS Experiment Coordinators are available to support you through this process. Please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it at any stage if you have questions or need more information. Prior to Your Arrival at the ALS 1. Complete or Update and Experiment Safety Sheet If you did not submit a General User Proposal, you must submit an ESS one month prior to arrival at the ALS. 2. Biological, Radioactive, Hazardous, and Electrical Materials, and Lasers If your experiment involves the use of any of the above materials-no matter how small the quantities are or how innocuous the sample may be-additional authorization may be required. Please submit your ESS early and clearly identify your materials. Our staff will assess the hazards and contact you about any necessary supplementary documentation.

490

Long Pulse EBW Start-up Experiments in MAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The non-solenoid start-up technique reported here relies on a double mode conversion for electron Bernstein wave (EBW) excitation. It consists of the mode conversion of the ordinary mode, entering the plasma from the low field side of the tokamak, into the extraordinary (X) mode at a mirror-polarizer located at the high field side. The X mode propagates back to the plasma, passes through electron cyclotron resonance and experiences a subsequent X to EBW mode conversion near the upper hybrid resonance. Finally the excited EBW mode is totally absorbed at the Doppler shifted electron cyclotron resonance. The absorption of EBW remains high even in cold rarefied plasmas. Furthermore, EBW can generate significant plasma current giving the prospect of a fully solenoid-free plasma start-up. First experiments using this scheme were carried out on MAST [V. Shevchenko et al, Nuclear Fusion 50, 022004 (2010)]. Plasma currents up to 33 kA have been achieved using 28 GHz 100kW 90ms RF pulses. Recently experimental results ...

Shevchenko, V F; Caughman, J B; Diem, S; Mailloux, J; Brien, M R O; Peng, M; Saveliev, A N; Takase, Y; Tanaka, H; Taylor, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Experimenting with concentrated sunlight using the DLR solar furnace  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high flux solar furnace that is operated by the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) at Cologne was inaugurated in June 1994 and we are now able to look back onto one year of successful operation. The solar furnace project was founded by the government of t