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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa),...

2

Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yuan Solar Co Ltd Yuan Solar Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd Place Taiwan Sector Solar Product Private firm that specialises in financing and designing solar cell manufacturing factories. References Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd is a company located in Taiwan . References ↑ "Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tai_Yuan_Solar_Co_Ltd&oldid=351999" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs

3

Tianjin Tai Yang Photo electronic Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Tianjin Municipality, China Sector Solar Product China-based CIGS thin-film solar cell maker. References Tianjin Tai Yang Photo-electronic Technology Co., Ltd1 LinkedIn...

4

Susan Tai  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... has certified more than ten drugs of abuse ... CCQM comparisons for a steroid drug in human ... Department of Education, Taiwan, Republic of China; ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Application of the TaiWan Ionospheric Model to single-frequency ionospheric delay corrections for GPS positioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of a three-dimensional ionospheric electron density model derived from FormoSat3/COSMIC GPS Radio Occultation measurements, called the TaiWan Ionosphere Model (TWIM), in removing the ionospheric delays in single-frequency pseudorange ... Keywords: Ionospheric delay, Ionospheric model, Single-frequency GPS positioning

Ernest Pagaran Macalalad; Lung-Chih Tsai; Joz Wu; Chao-Han Liu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Quantitative languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative generalizations of classical languages, which assign to each word a real number instead of a Boolean value, have applications in modeling resource-constrained computation. We use weighted automata (finite automata with transition weights) ... Keywords: Model checking, expressiveness, quantitative verification, weighted automata

Krishnendu Chatterjee; Laurent Doyen; Thomas A. Henzinger

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Cedalion: a language for language oriented programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language Oriented Programming (LOP) is a paradigm that puts domain specific programming languages (DSLs) at the center of the software development process. Currently, there are three main approaches to LOP: (1) the use of internal DSLs, implemented as ... Keywords: Cedalion, domain-specific languages (DSLs), language workbench, language-oriented programming (LOP), logic programming

David H. Lorenz; Boaz Rosenan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Generating safe template languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Template languages are widely used within generative programming, because they provide intuitive means to generate software artefacts expressed in a specific object language. However, most template languages perform template instantiation on the level ... Keywords: generative programming, language extension, safe authoring, template language

Florian Heidenreich; Jendrik Johannes; Mirko Seifert; Christian Wende; Marcel Böhme

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Programming Languages in Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Young economists sometimes ask which computer programming languages they should learn. This paper answers that question by suggesting that they begin with a high level language like GAUSS, GAMS, Mathematica, Maple or MATLAB depending on their field ... Keywords: computational economics, computer languages, programming languages, software

David A. Kendrick; Hans M. Amman

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Situating language and consciousness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Language and consciousness enrich our lives. But they are rare commodities; most creatures are language-less and unconscious. This dissertation is about the conditions that distinguish the haves from the have-nots. The ...

Almotahari, Mahrad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A multiprocessor description language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A language for describing multiprocessor systems is presented. The language, called MPDL, provides a flexible and unambiguous model of concurrency and allows for hierarchical construction of concurrent systems. MPDL encourages the user to encapsulate ...

William T. Overman; Stephen D. Crocker; Vittal Kini

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Modeling language variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic way of defining variants of a modeling language is useful for adapting the language to domain or project specific needs. Variants can be obtained by adapting the syntax or semantics of the language. In this paper, we take a formal approach ...

Hans Grönniger; Bernhard Rumpe

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Languages of the future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores a new point in the design space of formal reasoning systems - part programming language, part logical framework. The system is built on a programming language where the user expresses equality constraints between types and the type ... Keywords: equality constrained types, formal methods, formal reasoning systems, staged languages, static constraint management

Tim Sheard

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Tool-based language development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows how to tackle the problem of ever larger languages and the problem of combining multiple languages. The central idea is to build a foundation for language definitions that uses a metamodel-driven approach with support of language engineering ... Keywords: Common language concepts, Language development, Model driven architecture, Model driven development, Model repositories, Modelling and metamodelling, Modelling language semantics

Joachim Fischer; Eckhardt Holz; Andreas Prinz; Markus Scheidgen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Language of Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with a class of algorithms that perform exhaustive search on propositional knowledge bases. We show that each of these algorithms defines and generates a propositional language. Specifically, we show that the trace of a search can be interpreted as a combinational circuit, and a search algorithm then defines a propositional language consisting of circuits that are generated across all possible executions of the algorithm. In particular, we show that several versions of exhaustive DPLL search correspond to such well-known languages as FBDD, OBDD, and a precisely-defined subset of d-DNNF. By thus mapping search algorithms to propositional languages, we provide a uniform and practical framework in which successful search techniques can be harnessed for compilation of knowledge into various languages of interest, and a new methodology whereby the power and limitations of search algorithms can be understood by looking up the tractability and succinctness of the corresponding propositional l...

Darwiche, A; 10.1613/jair.2097

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Equational descriptions of languages ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is a survey on the equational descriptions of languages. The first part is devoted to Birkhoff’s and Reiterman’s theorems on equational descriptions of varieties. Eilenberg’s variety theorem and its successive generalizations form the second part. The more recent results on equational descriptions of lattices of languages are presented in the third part of the paper. Equations have been used for a long time in mathematics to provide a concise description of various mathematical objects. This article roughly follows a historical approach to present such equational descriptions for formal languages, ranging over a period of 45 years: from Schützenberger’s characterization of star-free languages [36] to the following recent result of [18]: Every lattice of languages admits an equational description. This evolution was made possible by a gradual abstraction of the notion of equation. The story really starts in 1935 with Birkhoff’s theorem on equational

Jean-éric Pin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Processor Description Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient design of embedded processors plays a critical role in embedded systems design. Processor description languages and their associated specification, exploration and rapid prototyping methodologies are used to find the best possible design for ... Keywords: Computer Architecture, Computer Science

Prabhat Mishra; Nikil Dutt

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Extreme Markup Languages 2007®  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validation of XML documents is a challenging task whose aim is to ensure interoperability of such documents in various environments. With massive use of different XML languages, automated validation is often the only way to ensure compliance with different standards and recommendations. That's why it is important to use expressive validation languages and powerful and convenient validation tools and techniques to discover maximum standard violations automatically. This is the aim of the Relaxed project which is introduced within this text. Different approaches to face today's pressing validation issues and challenges used in Relaxed are examined; e. g. maximizing validation results by using expressive validation languages, schema modularization and reusability, effective compound document validation and validation of non-XML languages. Advanced approaches to XML document validation

Montréal Québec; Petr Nalevka; Jirka Kosek

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The JCilk multithreaded language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JCilk is a Java-based multithreaded programming language which extends Java to provide a dynamic threading model. Specifically, JCilk imports Cilk's fork-join primitives spawn and sync into Java to provide procedure-call ...

Lee, I-Ting Angelina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Manticore: a heterogeneous parallel language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Manticore project is an effort to design and implement a new functional language for parallel programming. Unlike many earlier parallel languages, Manticore is a heterogeneous language that supports parallelism at multiple levels. Specifically, ...

Matthew Fluet; Mike Rainey; John Reppy; Adam Shaw; Yingqi Xiao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Usability of XML Query Languages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The eXtensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language which enables re-use of information. Specific query languages for XML are developed to facilitate this. There… (more)

Graaumans, Joris Petrus Maria

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Physics of Language - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... The Physics of Language. ... Next: Dynamics of Change in Up: The Physics of Language: Previous: Head-last; right brain, head-first; ...

23

The Bee Language  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bee Language Bee Language Nature Bulletin No. 337-A March 22, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE BEE LANGUAGE Man has robbed and exploited the Honeybee since the earliest times of which we have any record. He may have been a bee hunter before he learned to hunt with dogs or made a fire. Eventually he discovered how to coax a swarm into an artificial hive which he could plunder at will. The honeybee, however, never has been completely domesticated. Its proper home is a hollow tree. There were no honeybees in North America until they were brought from Europe by the colonists. "The white man' s fly", as the Indians called it, gradually spread westward, usually a hundred miles or more ahead of the frontier. Wild honey became the most important source of "sweetenin" for the early settlers -- more easily obtained than molasses or than maple sugar. Especially productive were woodlands near the Illinois Prairies with their abundance of flowers.

24

Dog vs. human language  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dog vs. human language Dog vs. human language Name: Michelle Conte Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why can't dogs talk like humans? Replies: In very simple terms, they aren't made for it. In order to produce any kind of vocal sound, we not only need a set of vocal chords (or vibratory organs of some sort), we also need an air pipe and cranium shaped to deliver the vibrations in the right way -- you actually use your own head as a sort of sounding plate for several primary sounds (non-percussive) Dogs don't have the right shaped heads for the job, as well as the inability to vocalize many of the percussive sounds which make up a good percentage of our languages due to a differently shaped mouth. However, all things considered, we'd be ill-equipped to call meetings over long distances by simply howling, like dogs and their kin are wont to do in the wild.

25

Variability within Modeling Language Definitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a taxonomy of the variability mechanisms offered by modeling languages. The definition of a formal language encompasses a syntax and a semantic domain as well as the mapping that relates them, thus language variabilities are classified according ... Keywords: Modeling languages, UML, formal semantics, variability

María Victoria Cengarle; Hans Grönniger; Bernhard Rumpe

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

The role of language(s) in business: three danish cases and their corporate language policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines corporate and individual solutions to overcome language barriers in international business contexts. Specifically, attention is focused on decisions that go beyond 'English only'; in which context and why do languages other than English ... Keywords: denmark, international business, language barrier, language policy/management, mnc

Nina Bellak

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Property:Language | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Language Language Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Language Property Type String Description The written human language used This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Abkhazian Achinese Acoli Adangme Adyghe; Adygei Afar Afrihili Afrikaans Afro-Asiatic languages Ainu Akan Akkadian Albanian Aleut Algonquian languages Altaic languages Amharic Angika Apache languages Arabic Aragonese Arapaho Arawak Armenian Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian Artificial languages Assamese Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese Athapascan languages Australian languages Austronesian languages Avaric Avestan Awadhi Aymara Azerbaijani Balinese Baltic languages Baluchi Bambara Bamileke languages Banda languages Bantu (Other) Basa Bashkir Basque Batak languages Beja; Bedawiyet Belarusian

28

Computational models of language acquisition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Child language acquisition, one of Nature's most fascinating phenomena, is to a large extent still a puzzle. Experimental evidence seems to support the view that early language is highly formulaic, consisting for the most part of frozen items with ...

Shuly Wintner

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

ACTILOG: An Agent Activation Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ACTILOG is a language to write generalized condition ¿ action activation rules. We propose it as an alternative and a complement to OPENLOG [6], another agent logic programming language for an abductive reasoner. We want to show how implications (conditional ...

Jacinto A. Dávila

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

NLTK: the natural language toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Natural Language Toolkit is a suite of program modules, data sets and tutorials supporting research and teaching in computational linguistics and natural language processing. NLTK is written in Python and distributed under the GPL open source license. ...

Steven Bird

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

NLTK: the Natural Language Toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NLTK, the Natural Language Toolkit, is a suite of open source program modules, tutorials and problem sets, providing ready-to-use computational linguistics courseware. NLTK covers symbolic and statistical natural language processing, and is interfaced ...

Edward Loper; Steven Bird

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

XCCDF Language Schema Element Dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

- Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format - Element Dictionary. Schema: XCCDF Language; Version: 1.2; Release Date: 2011-07-26. ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

33

Programming Languages For Interactive Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional programming languages are algorithmic: they are best suited to writing programs that acquire all their inputs before executing and only produce a result on termination. By contrast most applications are interactive: they maintain ongoing ... Keywords: declarative concurrency, incremental computation, interaction, interactive programming languages, modal languages, persistent computation, retroactive data structures, semantic computing, transactional concurrency

Roly Perera

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Versions of a Language - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... The rate of language change is difficult to establish, but we assume that ... as Bichakjian suggests, exploited to increase linguistic efficiency.

35

QA Standard Contract Language Deliverable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

QA Contract Language Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 AUG 2 1 2009 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION THROUGH: FROM: JAMES M. OWENDOFF CHIEF OPERATIONS OFF1 ENVIRONMENTAL...

36

Semantic web reasoners and languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic web reasoners and languages enable the semantic web to function. Some of the latest reasoning models developed in the last few years are: DLP, FaCT, RACER, Pellet, MSPASS, CEL, Cerebra Engine, QuOnto, KAON2, HermiT and others. Some software ... Keywords: Description logic, Languages, Reasoners, Semantic web

R. B. Mishra; Sandeep Kumar

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

An expressive language of signatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current languages allow a programmer to describe an interface only by enumerating its parts, possibly including other interfaces wholesale. Such languages cannot express relationships between interfaces, yet when independently developed software components ... Keywords: interfaces, objective Caml, programming in the large, signature manipulation, signatures, standard ML

Norman Ramsey; Kathleen Fisher; Paul Govereau

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

A Semantic Graph Query Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic graphs can be used to organize large amounts of information from a number of sources into one unified structure. A semantic query language provides a foundation for extracting information from the semantic graph. The graph query language described here provides a simple, powerful method for querying semantic graphs.

Kaplan, I L

2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

39

Promoting Chinese language and culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bowl competition testing middle and high school students on their knowledge of Chinese language weeks of Chinese language and cultural studies for high school students. Michigan China Quiz Bowl A quiz Teaching Delegations to China K-12 teachers and administrators tour China, visit relevant schools

Baskaran, Mark

40

Toward understanding natural language directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speaking using unconstrained natural language is an intuitive and flexible way for humans to interact with robots. Understanding this kind of linguistic input is challenging because diverse words and phrases must be mapped ...

Kollar, Thomas Fleming

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Implementing controlled languages in GF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces GF, Grammatical Framework, as a tool for implementing controlled languages. GF provides a high-level grammar formalism and a resource grammar library that make it easy to write grammars that cover similar fragments in several natural ...

Krasimir Angelov; Aarne Ranta

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Design Procedure Language Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This manual describes the Design Procedure Language (DPL) for LSI design. DPL creates and maintains a representation of a design in a hierarchically organized, object-oriented LISP data-base. Designing in DPL involves ...

Batali, John

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Grounding language in spatial routines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a spatial language understanding system based on a lexicon of words defined in terms of spatial routines. A spatial routine is a script composed from a set of primitive operations on sensor data, ...

Tellex, Stefanie, 1980-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Modular extensions for modular (logic) languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of developing mechanisms for easily implementing modular extensions to modular (logic) languages. By (language) extensions we refer to different groups of syntactic definitions and translation rules that extend a language. Our ... Keywords: ciao, compilation, domain specific languages, language extensions, modular program processing, modules, prolog, separate compilation

José F. Morales; Manuel V. Hermenegildo; Rémy Haemmerlé

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A pattern language for screencasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many activities --- especially software related ones --- are more easily learned by observing a mentor as he performs the activity. However, such opportunities for observations are hard to come by and are usually infeasible when there are many ... Keywords: pattern language, patterns, screencasting

Nicholas Chen; Maurice Rabb

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Natural language processing information retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural language processing for information retrieval David D. Lewis AT&T Bell Laboratories Karen with `end' text. We will however use information retrieval (IR), sometimes taken to mean document retrieval the essential properties of document retrieval and reviews both conventional practice and research findings

Haddadi, Hamed

47

Asml: Automatic Site Markup Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Creation of large and complex World Wide Web sites is hampered by the “page at a time” approach of many tools and the programming knowledge and custom software development required for automated solutions. This paper describes the development ... Keywords: HTML, SGML, World Wide Web, courseware, markup languages, multimedia authoring

Charles B. Owen; Fillia Makedon

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Logical Problem of Language Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of language change. Linguists must explain not only how languages are learned but also how and why they have evolved along certain trajectories and not others. While the language ...

Niyogi, Partha

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A Dynamical Systems Model for Language Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formalizing linguists' intuitions of language change as a dynamical system, we quantify the time course of language change including sudden vs. gradual changes in languages. We apply the computer model to the historical ...

Niyogi, Partha

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Cross Language Information Retrieval for Biomedical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... If the ambiguous synonym “PSA” is encountered in ... The language models of the indexed documents ... by incorporating the concept language model. ...

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

51

Federal Energy Management Program: Model Acquisition Language...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product...

52

Ontology query languages for the Semantic Web.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ontology languages and corresponding query languages play key roles for representing and processing information about the real world for the emerging Semantic Web. Efforts have… (more)

Zhang, Zhijun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

QA Standard Contract Language | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standard Contract Language QA Standard Contract Language The success of the Office of Environmental Management (EM) depends upon the extent of its products and services to satisfy...

54

A Reliable Natural Language Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As household appliances grow in complexity and sophistication, they become harder and harder to use, particularly because of their tiny display screens and limited keyboards. This paper describes a strategy for building natural language interfaces to appliances that circumvents these problems. Our approach leverages decades of research on planning and natural language interfaces to databases by reducing the appliance problem to the database problem; the reduction provably maintains desirable properties of the database interface. The paper goes on to describe the implementation and evaluation of the EXACT interface to appliances, which is based on this reduction. EXACT maps each English user request to an SQL query, which is transformed to create a PDDL goal, and uses the Blackbox planner [13] to map the planning problem to a sequence of appliance commands that satisfy the original request. Both theoretical arguments and experimental evaluation show that EXACT is highly reliable.

To Household Appliances; Alexander Yates

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Tcl: An Embeddable Command Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tcl is an interpreter for a tool command language. It consists of a library package that is embedded in tools (such as editors, debuggers, etc.) as the basic command interpreter. Tcl provides (a) a parser for a simple textual command language, (b) a collection of built-in utility commands, and (c) a C interface that tools use to augment the built-in commands with tool-specific commands. Tcl is particularly attractive when integrated with the widget library of a window system: it increases the programmability of the widgets by providing mechanisms for variables, procedures, expressions, etc; it allows users to program both the appearance and the actions of widgets; and it offers a simple but powerful communication mechanism between interactive programs. This paper will appear in the 1990 Winter USENIX Conference Proceedings ############################# The work described here was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant ECS-8351961. Tcl: An Embeddable Command...

John K. Ousterhout

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The pragmatics of emotion language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pragmatics of Emotion Language Simone Schnall Department of Psychology University of Virginia Embodying the emotions also involves theoretically situating them in the social body such that one can ex- amine how emotional discourses are formed... of social contracts is considered especially crit- ical from an evolutionary perspective (Cosmides, 1989; but see also Cheng & Holyoak, 1985), and emo- tions associated with “cheater detection” should be es- pecially relevant. Hupka, Lenton, and Hutchinson...

Schnall, Simone

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Composing textual modelling languages in practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex systems require descriptions using multiple modelling languages, or languages able to express different concerns, like timing or data dependencies. In this paper, we propose techniques for the modular definition and composition of languages, ... Keywords: MetaDepth, concrete textual syntax, language composition, meta-modelling

Bart Meyers; Antonio Cicchetti; Esther Guerra; Juan de Lara

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

A multilingual GRUG treebank for underresourced languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe outcomes of an undertaking on building Treebanks for underresourced languages Georgian, Russian, Ukrainian, and German - one of the "major" languages in the NLT world. The monolingual parallel sentences in four languages were ... Keywords: Georgian, German, Russian, Treebanks, Ukrainian, alignment, annotation, underresourced languages

Oleg Kapanadze, Alla Mishchenko

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Component models for semantic web languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intelligent applications and agents on the Semantic Web typically need to be specified with, or interact with specifications written in, many different kinds of formal languages. Such languages include ontology languages, data and metadata query languages, ... Keywords: composition, modularization, semantic web, software engineering

Jakob Henriksson; Uwe Aßmann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Models and languages for parallel computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We survey parallel programming models and languages using six criteria to assess their suitability for realistic portable parallel programming. We argue that an ideal model should by easy to program, should have a software development methodology, should ... Keywords: general-purpose parallel computation, logic programming languages, object-oriented languages, parallel programming languages, parallel programming models, software development methods, taxonomy

David B. Skillicorn; Domenico Talia

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pattern Language Verification in Model Driven Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of verifying the application of a Pattern Language in a design that is built based upon the patterns of the language in a model-driven approach. We propose a process named Pattern Language Verifier (PLV) which consists ... Keywords: Model Driven Engineering, Pattern Language Verification

Bahman Zamani, Greg Butler

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Embodied object schemas for grounding language use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the Object Schema Model (OSM) for grounded language interaction. Dynamic representations of objects are used as the central point of coordination between actions, sensations, planning, and language ...

Hsiao, Kai-yuh, 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A multi-purpose language processing laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and implementation of a tool for creating language processors, in particular, translator generators. The purpose of this tool is to allow the fast implementation of (non-production quality) translators for any language, ...

Karen A. Lemone

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Dynamic language modeling for European Portuguese  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the work done on vocabulary and language model daily adaptation for a European Portuguese broadcast news transcription system. The proposed adaptation framework takes into consideration European Portuguese language characteristics, ... Keywords: Automatic speech recognition (ASR), Broadcast news transcription, Information retrieval techniques, Language modeling, Vocabulary selection

Ciro Martins; António Teixeira; João Neto

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

French sign language processing: verb agreement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an approach for the representation of the relationship between verbs and actors in French Sign Language. This proposal comes from the results of an experiment conducted in the France Télécom R&D's Natural Language ... Keywords: agreement, computational sciences, french sign language, morphology, nominal classes, verb typology

Loïc Kervajan; Emilie Guimier De Neef; Jean Véronis

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Minimal cover-automata for finite languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cover-automaton A of a finite language L &Sgr; is a finite deterministic automaton (DFA) that accepts all words in L and possibly other words that are longer than any word in L. A minimal deterministic finite cover automaton ... Keywords: cover language, deterministic cover automata, deterministic finite automata, finite automata, finite languages

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Automatic learning of subclasses of pattern languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic classes are classes of languages for which a finite automaton can decide the membership problem for the languages in the class, in a uniform way, given an index for the language. For alphabet size of at least 4, every automatic class of erasing ...

John Case; Sanjay Jain; Trong Dao Le; Yuh Shin Ong; Pavel Semukhin; Frank Stephan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

SVG web environment for z specification language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a web environment for the Z formal specification language using the Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) technology. The Z Specification Web Editor (ZSWE) is the first prototype of a web based graphical editor for the Z specification language. ... Keywords: Z formal specification language, scalable vector graphics, web based tool support

Jing Sun; Hai Wang; Sasanka Athauda; Tazkiya Sheik

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Growing a pattern language (for security)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers and practitioners have been successfully documenting software patterns for over two decades. But the next step--building pattern languages--has proven much more difficult. This paper describes an approach for building a large pattern language ... Keywords: architecture, pattern language, patterns

Munawar Hafiz; Paul Adamczyk; Ralph E. Johnson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

SWSNL: Semantic Web Search Using Natural Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As modern search engines are approaching the ability to deal with queries expressed in natural language, full support of natural language interfaces seems to be the next step in the development of future systems. The vision is that of users being able ... Keywords: Natural Language Understanding, Semantic Web, Semantic search, Statistical semantic analysis

Ivan Habernal; Miloslav KonopíK

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

SEMISTRUCTURED PROBABILISTIC OBJECT QUERY LANGUAGE (A Query Language for Semistructured Probabilistic Data).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents SPOQL, a structured query language for Semistructured Probabilistic Object (SPO) model [4]. The original query language for semistructured probabilistic database management system… (more)

Gutti, Praveen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Mathematics : The Language of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vast dimensions of the learning process necessitate the choice of a focussed enough theme -- more especially the Sciences-for a purposeful analysis. And Mathematics is the most natural language for such study, as it provides a quantitative basis for articulating the huge dimensions of Science. The purpose of this essay is to bring out the unique role of Mathematics in providing a base to the diverse sciences which conform to its rigid structure. Of these the physical and economic sciences are so intimately linked with mathematics, that they have become almost a part of its structure under the generic title of Applied Mathematics. But with the progress of time, more and more branches of Science are getting quantified and coming under its ambit. And once a branch of science gets articulated into a mathematical structure, the process goes beyond mere classification and arrangement, and becomes eligible as a candidate for enjoying its predictive powers! Indeed it is this single property of Mathematics which g...

Mitra, A N

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Shareability of language in a population - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... A crude account of neighbour interaction that leads to common context ... in the language: gone the way of the dodo, burning the midnight oil, ...

74

The Cultural Identities of Foreign Language Teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

125. Hannerz, U. (1990). Cosmopolitans and locals in worldand citizenship: Developing cosmopolitan perspectives.language teaching as a cosmopolitan act-- “a complex

Fichtner, Friederike; Chapman, Katie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Units: Cool Modules for HOT Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A module system ought to enable assembly-line programming using separate compilation and an expressive linking language. Separate compilation allows programmers to develop parts of a program independently. A linking language gives programmers precise control over the assembly of parts into a whole. This paper presents models of program units, MzScheme's module language for assembly-line programming. Units support separate compilation, independent module reuse, cyclic dependencies, hierarchical structuring, and dynamic linking. The models explain how to integrate units with untyped and typed languages such as Scheme and ML.

Matthew Flatt; Matthias Felleisen

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

A Hidden Language – Dutch in Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

language –Dutch in Indonesia H.M.J. Maier (UCRiverside)life of the Republik Indonesia: it was another Hari Sumpahcommemorated all over Indonesia, from Sabang to Merauke,

Maier, Hendrik M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Human Language Technologies Evaluation in the European ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ARC A4 : Message Understanding (P. Sabatier et al ... Spoken Language Processing (ILOR). ... a translation table or a translation process between its ...

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

78

Human Language Technologies Evaluation in the  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ARC A4 : Message Understanding(P. Sabatier et al ... Spoken Language Processing (ILOR) ARC B1 : Voice ... table or a translation process between its ...

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

79

How Physics and Language are Related - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... How Physics and Language are Related. In comparing the uses of functional vocabulary and its lexical ancestors, we primarily notice that ...

80

Closing_Language_Patent_Waiver_Grant_Cases.pdf | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ClosingLanguagePatentWaiverGrantCases.pdf ClosingLanguagePatentWaiverGrantCases.pdf ClosingLanguagePatentWaiverGrantCases.pdf More Documents & Publications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Multi-language Struct Support in Babel  

SciTech Connect

Babel is an open-source language interoperability framework tailored to the needs of high-performance scientific computing. As an integral element of the Common Component Architecture (CCA) it is used in a wide range of research projects. In this paper we describe how we extended Babel to support interoperable tuple data types (structs). Structs are a common idiom in scientific APIs; they are an efficient way to pass tuples of nonuniform data between functions, and are supported natively by most programming languages. Using our extended version of Babel, developers of scientific code can now pass structs as arguments between functions implemented in any of the supported languages. In C, C++ and Fortran 2003, structs can be passed without the overhead of data marshaling or copying, providing language interoperability at minimal cost. Other supported languages are Fortran 77, Fortran 90, Java and Python. We will show how we designed a struct implementation that is interoperable with all of the supported languages and present benchmark data compare the performance of all language bindings, highlighting the differences between languages that offer native struct support and an object-oriented interface with getter/setter methods.

Ebner, D; Prantl, A; Epperly, T W

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

82

Spoken language processing: Piecing together the puzzle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attempting to understand the fundamental mechanisms underlying spoken language processing, whether it is viewed as behaviour exhibited by human beings or as a faculty simulated by machines, is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our age. Despite ... Keywords: Communicative behaviour, Sensorimotor control, Speech technology, Spoken language processing

Roger K. Moore

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Natural Language Specification of Performance Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accessible specification of performance queries is a key challenge in performance analysis. To this end, we seek to combine the intuitive aspects of natural language query specification with the expressive power and flexibility of the Performance ... Keywords: Natural language, Performance Trees, Performance analysis, Performance requirements specification

Lei Wang; Nicholas J. Dingle; William J. Knottenbelt

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Language Policies in South-Korea:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Korean historical linguistic resistance The Korean language is at least 5000 years old and spoken by about 67 million people in both South Korea and North Korea. The Korean language was first used by people of the ancient kingdom of Chosen, but records of the written alphabet can be traced back to 1443 (Lee, I. & Ramsey, 2000; Lee,

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Language choice for safety critical applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The programming languages currently most popular among software engineers for writing safety critical applications are C and, more recently, C++. The Ada language has been designed with software safety in mind. Although Ada is not perfect concerning ... Keywords: safety, safety-critical

James S. Rogers

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Computer language evaluation for MFTF SCDS  

SciTech Connect

The computer languages available for the systems and application implementation on the Supervisory Control and Diagnostics System (SCDS) for the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) were surveyed and evaluated. Four language processors, CAL (Common Assembly Language), Extended FORTRAN, CORAL 66, and Sequential Pascal (SPASCAL, a subset of Concurrent Pascal (CPASCAL)) are commercially available for the Interdata 7/32 and 8/32 computers that constitute the SCDS. Of these, the Sequential Pascal available from Kansas State University appears best for the job in terms of minimizing the implementation time, debugging time, and maintenance time. This improvement in programming productivity is due to the availability of a high-level, block-structured language that includes many compile-time and run-time checks to detect errors. In addition, the advanced data-types in language allow easy description of the program variables. 1 table.

Anderson, R.E.; McGoldrick, P.R.; Wyman, R.H.

1979-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

87

A lightweight specification language for bounded program verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a new light-weight specification language called JForge Specification Language (JFSL) for object-oriented languages such as Java. The language is amenable to bounded verification analysis by a tool ...

Yessenov, Kuat T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Technology enhanced language learning: student motivation in computer assisted language learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present a new investigation on the impact of implementing technology on Bulgarian students' motivation after a Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) course. It suggests designing and applying instruments for assessing ... Keywords: computer assisted language learning (CALL), information and communication technologies, student motivation, web-based language learning

Anelly Kremenska

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Improving statistical machine translation for a resource-poor language using related resource-rich languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel language-independent approach for improving machine translation for resource-poor languages by exploiting their similarity to resource-rich ones. More precisely, we improve the translation from a resource-poor source language X1 ...

Preslav Nakov; Hwee Tou Ng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Structured Query Language for Virtual Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently two query languages are defined as standards for the Virtual Observatory (VO). Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL) is used for catalog data query and Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) is for image data query. As a result, when we query each data service, we need to know in advance which language is supported and then construct a query language accordingly. The construct of SIAP is simple, but they have a limited capability. For example, there is no way to specify multiple regions in one query, and it is difficult to specify complex query conditions. In this paper, we propose a unified query language for any kind of astronomical database on the basis of SQL99. SQL is a query language optimized for a table data, so to apply the SQL to the image and spectrum data set, the data structure need to be mapped to a table like structure. We present specification of this query language and an example of the architecture for the database system.

Yuji Shirasaki; Masatoshi Ohishi; Yoshihiko Mizumoto; Masahiro Tanaka; Satoshi Honda; Masafumi Oe; Naoki Yasuda; Yoshifumi Masunaga

2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

91

Review of Speaking of Crime: The Language of Criminal Jusitce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter M. (2005). Speaking of Crime: The Language of Criminallargely to discussions of crimes in which language is a

Giles, Howard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The Physics of Language: The Fabric Metaphors - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... The Physics of Language: The Fabric Metaphors. ... Next: Quine's Fabric Up: The Physics of Language: Previous: Conclusion ...

93

Language Diversity of Measured Quantum Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of a quantum system depends on how it is measured. How much of what is observed comes from the structure of the quantum system itself and how much from the observer's choice of measurement? We explore these questions by analyzing the \\emph{language diversity} of quantum finite-state generators. One result is a new way to distinguish quantum devices from their classical (stochastic) counterparts. While the diversity of languages generated by these two computational classes is the same in the case of periodic processes, quantum systems generally generate a wider range of languages than classical systems.

Karoline Wiesner; James P. Crutchfield

2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

94

SystemJ: A GALS language for system level design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the syntax, semantics, and compilation of a new system-level programming language called SystemJ. SystemJ is a multiclock language supporting the Globally Asynchronous Locally Synchronous (GALS) model of computation. The synchronous ... Keywords: Compilation, Computer languages, Embedded systems, GALS languages, Reactive languages, Semantics, Synchronous languages

Avinash Malik; Zoran Salcic; Partha S. Roop; Alain Girault

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Detecting unknown network attacks using language models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method for network intrusion detection based on language models such as n-grams and words. Our method proceeds by extracting these models from TCP connection payloads and applying unsupervised anomaly detection. The essential part ...

Konrad Rieck; Pavel Laskov

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Typing a multi-language intermediate code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Microsoft .NET Framework is a new computing architecture designed to support a variety of distributed applications and web-based services. .NET software components are typically distributed in an object-oriented intermediate language, Microsoft IL, ...

Andrew D. Gordon; Don Syme

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Primer for the Act-1 Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is intended to describe the current design for computer programming language, Act-1. It describes the Actor computational model, which Act-1 was designed to support. A perspective is provided from which to ...

Theriault, Daniel G.

98

Utilizing patterns and pattern languages in education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents work that has been done in bringing patterns and pattern languages into undergraduate and postgraduate curricula in software engineering. Patterns are masterful designs that solve a real problem; they provide students ...

Elizabeth A. Kendall

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Article semantics in second language acquisition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines article choice and parameter-setting in second language (L2) acquisition. It argues, on the basis of L2-English elicitation and production data, that L2- learners have access to UG-based semantic ...

Ionin, Tania

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Compiler for the Tcl Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tcl is a highly dynamic language that is especially challenging to execute efficiently. The dual-language nature of the system enforced by the C callback mechanism makes traditional compilation and optimization unrealistic. In addition, the lack of formal data types (and therefore type checking) places severe limits on the ability to provide for efficient data storage at compile time. In this paper, we discuss the many issues involved with compiling Tcl, and present a design for such a system, including the mechanism for embedding a Tcl script into the compiler itself in order to provide user extensibility. The current implementation is presented along with results showing approximately ten times the performance of the existing Tcl interpreter. 1 Introduction 1.1 Overview of the Tcl Language Tcl[Ous93] is designed to address the need for a "scripting" language, providing high-level control over a program. The interface between Tcl and the running program consists of the Tcl runtime l...

Adam Sah And; Adam Sah; Jon Blow

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A modular programming language for engineering design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new universal model of computation called MDPL that generalizes other functional models like the lambda calculus and combinatory logic. This model leads naturally to a new type of programming language that ...

Coffee, Thomas Merritt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Minimal Cover-Automata for Finite Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cover-automaton A of a finite language L ? ?* is a finite automaton that accepts all words in L and possibly other words that are longer than any word in L. A minimal deterministic cover automaton of a finite ...

Cezar Campeanu; Nicolae Sântean; Sheng Yu

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A grammatical representation of visibly pushdown languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model-checking regular properties is well established and a powerful verification technique for regular as well as context-free program behaviours. Recently, through the use of ?-visibly pushdown languages (?VPLs), defined by ?-visibly ...

Joachim Baran; Howard Barringer

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Learning to match names across languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on research on matching names in different scripts across languages. We explore two trainable approaches based on comparing pronunciations. The first, a cross-lingual approach, uses an automatic name-matching program that exploits rules based ...

Inderjeet Mani; Alex Yeh; Sherri Condon

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Inheritance and persistence in database programming languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to represent inheritance, several recent designs for database programming languages have made use of class construct, which can be thought of as a restricted data type with an associated set of instances. Moreover, these classes ...

Peter Buneman; Malcolm Atkinson

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Extended finite state models of language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of the wide availability of more powerful (context free, mildly context sensitive, and even Turing-equivalent) formalisms, the bulk of the applied work on language and sublanguage modeling, especially for the purposes of recognition and topic ...

András Kornai

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Applications of action languages in cognitive robotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We summarize some applications of action languages in robotics, focusing on the following three challenges: 1) bridging the gap between low-level continuous geometric reasoning and high-level discrete causal reasoning; 2) embedding background/commonsense ...

Esra Erdem; Volkan Patoglu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Fun and Games: Multi-Language Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer games (or "electronic games" if you encompass those games played on console-class hardware) comprise one of the fastest-growing application markets in the world. Within the development community that creates these entertaining marvels, multi-language ...

Andrew M. Phelps; David M. Parks

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Binder, a Logic-Based Security Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of a security language, used to expresssecurity statements in a distributed system. Most existing securitylanguages encode security statements as schematized data structures,such as ACLs and X.509 certificates. In contrast, Binder ...

John DeTreville

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Graphical law beneath each written natural language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study twenty four written natural languages. We draw in the log scale, number of words starting with a letter vs rank of the letter, both normalised. We find that all the graphs are of the similar type. The graphs are tantalisingly closer to the curves of reduced magnetisation vs reduced temperature for magnetic materials. We make a weak conjecture that a curve of magnetisation underlies a written natural language.

Anindya Kumar Biswas

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

111

Exploring HPCS Languages in Scientific Computing  

SciTech Connect

As computers scale up dramatically to tens and hundreds of thousands of cores, develop deeper computational and memory hierarchies, and increased heterogeneity, developers of scientific software are increasingly challenged to express complex parallel simulations effectively and efficiently. In this paper, we explore the three languages developed under the DARPA High-Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) program to help address these concerns: Chapel, Fortress, and X10. These languages provide a variety of features not found in currently popular HPC programming environments and make it easier to express powerful computational constructs, leading to new ways of thinking about parallel programming. Though the languages and their implementations are not yet mature enough for a comprehensive evaluation, we discuss some of the important features, and provide examples of how they can be used in scientific computing. We believe that these characteristics will be important to the future of high-performance scientific computing, whether the ultimate language of choice is one of the HPCS languages or something else.

Barrett, Richard F [ORNL; Alam, Sadaf R [ORNL; de Almeida, Valmor F [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL; Kuehn, Jeffery A [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL; Shet, Aniruddha G [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Russian Russian The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Russian or related languages. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. Some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Russian or related languages. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Russian language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select

113

A language for shading and lighting calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A shading language provides a means to extend the shading and lighting formulae used by a rendering system. This paper discusses the design of a new shading language based on previous work of Cook and Perlin. This language has various types of shaders for light sources and surface reflectances, point and color data types, control flow constructs that support the casting of outgoing and the integration of incident light, a clearly specified interface to the rendering system using global state variables, and a host of useful built-in functions. The design issues and their impact on the implementation are also discussed. CR Categories: 1.3.3 [Computer Graphics] Picture/Image Generation- Display algorithms; 1.3.5 [Computer Graphics

Pat Hanrahan; Jim Lawsont

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Markov and fuzzy models for written language verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a computational algorithm for machine classification of written languages using the Markov chain-based method for building language models and the fuzzy set theory-based normalization method to verify language. For a language document, ... Keywords: Markov chain, fuzzy normalization method, written language verification

Dat T. Tran; Tuan D. Pham

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

ConSpec – A formal language for policy specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents ConSpec, an automata-based policy specification language. The language trades off clean semantics to language expressiveness; a formal semantics for the language is provided as security automata. ConSpec specifications can be used ... Keywords: Policy language, Runtime monitoring, Security enforcement mechanisms, Security frameworks

Irem Aktug; Katsiaryna Naliuka

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Language model adaptation using machine-translated text for resource-deficient languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Text corpus size is an important issue when building a language model (LM). This is a particularly important issue for languages where little data is available. This paper introduces an LM adaptation technique to improve an LM built using a small amount ...

Arnar Thor Jensson; Koji Iwano; Sadaoki Furui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Mobile application for learning the Thai language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present, mobile learning has increased popularity as it offers a better opportunity to leverage educational level. The major advantage of mobile learning is the ability to learn from anywhere at any time using the wireless internet access available ... Keywords: Thai language, m-Learning, mobile services oriented architecture (MSOA) framework, web services

Wichian Premchaiswadi; Nucharee Premchaiswadi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Emotional body language displayed by artificial agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex and natural social interaction between artificial agents (computer-generated or robotic) and humans necessitates the display of rich emotions in order to be believable, socially relevant, and accepted, and to generate the natural emotional responses ... Keywords: Human computer interactions, emotional body language, human robot interactions

Aryel Beck; Brett Stevens; Kim A. Bard; Lola Cañamero

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Eileen Reeves Of Language and the Lodestone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that occult or divine language permits communication by reassigning the lodestone's various properties of 1600 as an occult document. In this passage Galileo's spokesman Salviati, after suggesting's portrait of this stolid Aristotelian that suggested contact with the occult, nor anything in the modern

Qian, Ning

120

A Visual Language for Data Mapping  

SciTech Connect

I discuss a visual programming language and environment for doing data mapping between textual data files. Our experience using the environment is documented, as well as many of the constructs we used in the environment. I relate problems and solutions, and pose some questions to the readers of this document and the workshop.

Carlson, J

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Saving Languages with Statistics Kevin Scannell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

languages in the world have no written tradition For many others, limited literacy, or no electricity let, especially for phones Spelling and grammar checkers Online dictionaries and thesauri Translation software generated this way Upshot: lots of text needed for training... #12;An Crúbadán Web crawler that seeks out

Scannell, Kevin Patrick

122

Termination in language-based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language run-time systems are increasingly being embedded in systems to support run-time extensibility via mobile code. Such systems raise a number of concerns when the code running in such systems is potentially buggy or untrusted. Although sophisticated access ... Keywords: Applets, Internet, Java, resource control, soft termination, termination

Algis Rudys; Dan S. Wallach

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Languages recognized by nondeterministic quantum finite automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nondeterministic quantum finite automaton (NQFA) is the only known case wherea one-way quantum finite automaton (QFA) model has been shown to be strictly superiorin terms of language recognition power to its probabilistic counterpart. We give acharacterization ... Keywords: nondeterministic quantum finite automata, one-sided unbounded error, probabilistic automata, sublogarithmic space complexity, two-sided unbounded error

Abuzer Yakaryilmaz; A. C. Cem Say

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A logic based context query language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context is a basic ingredient in pervasive computing. It refers to user's both external environment and internal status, implying user's information needs during the interaction between the user and computer systems. By context-awareness, a variety of ... Keywords: context, context query language, temporal description logic

Ling Feng; Junhui Deng; Zhanjiang Song; Wenwei Xue

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Formal Semantics of the FLINT Intermediate Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Semantics of the FLINT Intermediate Language (Yale­CS­TR 1171) Christopher League Zhong Shao May 5, 1998 #12; Contents 1 Overview 3 1.1 Formal Semantics of FLINT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Type Checker for FLINT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 FLINT Abstract Syntax 8

126

Programming in Manticore, a heterogenous parallel functional language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Manticore project is an effort to design and implement a new functional language for parallel programming. Unlike many earlier parallel languages, Manticore is a heterogeneous language that supports parallelism at multiple levels. Specifically, the ...

Matthew Fluet; Lars Bergstrom; Nic Ford; Mike Rainey; John Reppy; Adam Shaw; Yingqi Xiao

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Proceedings of the 2007 symposium on Dynamic languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Dynamic Languages Symposium (DLS) is a forum for discussion of dynamic languages, their implementation and application. While mature dynamic languages including Smalltalk, Lisp, Scheme, Self, and Prolog continue to grow and inspire new converts, ...

Pascal Costanza; Robert Hirschfeld

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A pattern language for sacred secular places  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Â?Pattern LanguageÂ? is a term popularized by Christopher Alexander and his coauthors of the book A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein in the late 1970Â?s. Though intended to enable every citizen to design and construct their own home, pattern language never quite caught up with those in the field of architecture, mostly because of its lack of flexibility. The core idea of AlexanderÂ?s pattern language was to arm architects, designers, and the common people with a tool that would empower them to make informed decisions related to designing places that would comply with their needs and wants. What architecture needs the most today is the ability to heal and invigorate. I believe that contemporary architecture lacks such places that enable occupants to connect and communicate with what is within and what is without. A number of studies have proven that universally sacred (a majority of which are religious in function) places are charged with energies that could contribute towards this process. The energies, also referred to as Â?patterns,Â? are the energies unique to a place that make it special and sacred (not just in the religious context but also in the secular context). This thesis is an attempt to derive a new pattern language for the creation of sacred Â?secularÂ? places like our homes and work places which draw from the pattern lists that have been proposed in four separate instances by authors including Christopher Alexander and Phillip Tabb. This new pattern list is aimed at providing architects and designers with a tool for creating secular places with an element of sacrality without having to taking on a religious meaning.

Joseph, Melanie Rachel

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Hinton: Flutes of Fire: Essays on California Indian Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BASIN ANTHROPOLOGY master-apprentice language programs, thedescribes the six master-apprentice language teams that havemaster can in- struct the apprentice and, in doing so, pass

Parkman, E. Breck

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Washiw Wagayay Ma?al: Reweaving the Washoe Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Native Hawaiian and Blackfeet language programs. Though itKipp's Moccasin Flat School for Blackfeet language and evenKipp's Piegan Institute (Blackfeet) rely on the Lannan

Keliiaa, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A “natural” lexicalization model for language generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a general lexicalization model which accounts for how lexical units are selected and introduced in linguistic utterances during language generation. This model aims at “naturalness” by being based on actual lexical knowledge used in speech; consequently, it should be compatible with standard patterns of behavior shown by humans when they speak (flexibility in computing both content and form of linguistic utterances, prototypical types of mistakes and backtracking, etc.). The main advantage of our model, once implemented in automatic language generation, is that it takes into account fundamental differences that exist between lexical units, with regard to why and how they are used in texts. This is achieved by means of a stratificational approach to lexicalization, where each type of lexical unit is introduced at a proper level of representation, according to the role it plays in the enunciation. Section 1 offers a general characterization of the approach and makes explicit its main assumptions. Sections 2 to 4 successively examine the three levels of transition implied by the stratificational structuring of the model. Section 5 concludes with an examination of its relevance to the design of text generation systems. Keywords: language/text generation, lexicalization, lexical choice, Meaning-Text theory.

A. Polguère

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Other Other The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope, but are in a language not found on one of the other lists of Scientific Societies. These sites may have some minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in alternative languages. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to societies in languages other than one of the primary languages. If you wish to view

133

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nordic Nordic The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in one of the Nordic languages. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. Some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Nordic languages. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these communities in the Nordic region and to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Nordic language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options.

134

History of German Language Dermatology (Geschichte der deutschschprachigen Dermatologie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela History of German Language Dermatology (

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Clusters, language models, and ad hoc information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The language-modeling approach to information retrieval provides an effective statistical framework for tackling various problems and often achieves impressive empirical performance. However, most previous work on language models for information retrieval ... Keywords: Language modeling, aspect models, cluster hypothesis, cluster-based language models, clustering, interpolation model, smoothing

Oren Kurland; Lillian Lee

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Roadmap for enhanced languages and methods to aid verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This roadmap describes ways that researchers in four areas---specification languages, program generation, correctness by construction, and programming languages---might help further the goal of verified software. It also describes what advances the "verified ... Keywords: annotations, correctness by construction, program generation, programming languages, specification languages, tools, verification, verified software grand challenge

Gary T. Leavens; Jean-Raymond Abrial; Don Batory; Michael Butler; Alessandro Coglio; Kathi Fisler; Eric Hehner; Cliff Jones; Dale Miller; Simon Peyton-Jones; Murali Sitaraman; Douglas R. Smith; Aaron Stump

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

A Bibliography of Research in Natural Language Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document contains a reasonably comprehensive bibliography of natural language generation. Corrections and additions are welcomed.

Robert Dale; G. Sabah; Advances Natural; Language Generation

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Star-free geodesic languages for groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we show that every group with a finite presentation satisfying one or both of the small cancellation conditions $C'(1/6)$ and $C'(1/4)-T(4)$ has the property that the set of all geodesics (over the same generating set) is a star-free regular language. Star-free regularity of the geodesic set is shown to be dependent on the generating set chosen, even for free groups. We also show that the class of groups whose geodesic sets are star-free with respect to some generating set is closed under taking graph (and hence free and direct) products, and includes all virtually abelian groups.

Hermiller, S; Rees, Sarah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Cambridge researchers to record dying languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Moan, of the Institute of Physics at the University of Oslo, explained that light skin developed as a response to a move from a fish-based diet; food from farming is an insufficient source of Vitamin D and the low levels of solar radiation in the north... ,000 pilot project has already given grants for the recording of ceremonial chanting in the Barasana language of Colombia, spoken by just 1,890 people, and of the repertoire of Tashi Tsering, the last royal singer of the Lo Monthang region of Mustang...

Anon.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Quest to Save Endangered Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more homogenous, global society. Tags: Global Village, Languages, News and Briefs Comments (3) Share This Email to friend Twitter del.icio.us Digg Facebook Furl Ma.gnolia Mixx Reddit StumbleUpon Yahoo! Buzz Print Michael Yessis... Your Tip Got a suggestion? Send it to: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) //p> World Hum in the World Follow us on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook. Photos Courtesy:  REUTERS  |  iStockPhoto  |  flickr   ©2011 World Hum, All...

Anon.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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141

Data Shader Language and Interface Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The process of visualizing a scientific data set benefits from an extensive knowledge of the domain in which the data set is created. Because an in-depth knowledge of all scientific domains is not available to the creator of a visualization system, a flexible and extensible system is essential in providing a productive tool to the scientist. One approach to providing this flexibility is through a shading language that enables users to write programmable data shaders that determine how scientific data sets are rendered. This paper describes the implementation of such a shading system. The system consists of two parts, a shader library and a shader compiler. The shader library does not provide a shading model directly, but instead provides a means of loading and binding externally created shaders to a rendering engine which uses the library. The shader compiler is used to compile a shader description, written in the shading language, into a form that the shader library can load. The shad...

Brian Corrie; Brian Corrie; Paul Mackerras; Paul Mackerras

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Tajik + , Tamashek + , Tamil + , Tatar + , Telugu + , Tereno + , Tetum + , Thai + , Tibetan + , Tigre + , Tigrinya + , Timne + , Tiv + , Tlingit + , Tok Pisin + ,...

143

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Japanese Japanese The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Japanese. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Japanese. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Japanese language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options.

144

Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GFD-R-P.206 GFD-R-P.206 NML-WG nml-wg@ogf.org Jeroen van der Ham, UvA (editor) Freek Dijkstra, SURFsara Roman Łapacz, PSNC Jason Zurawski, Internet2 May 2013 Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1 Status of This Document Grid Final Draft (GFD), Proposed Recommendation (R-P). Copyright Notice Copyright c Open Grid Forum (2008-2013). Some Rights Reserved. Distribution is unlim- ited. Abstract This document describes a set of normative schemas which allow the description of computer network topologies. Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1 Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

145

Modular Chemical Descriptor Language (MCDL): Stereochemical modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In our previous papers we introduced the Modular Chemical Descriptor Language (MCDL) for providing a linear representation of chemical information. A subsequent development was the MCDL Java Chemical Structure Editor which is capable of drawing chemical structures from linear representations and generating MCDL descriptors from structures. In this paper we present MCDL modules and accompanying software that incorporate unique representation of molecular stereochemistry based on Cahn-Ingold-Prelog and Fischer ideas in constructing stereoisomer descriptors. The paper also contains additional discussions regarding canonical representation of stereochemical isomers, and brief algorithm descriptions of the open source LINDES, Java applet, and Open Babel MCDL processing module software packages. Testing of the upgraded MCDL Java Chemical Structure Editor on compounds taken from several large and diverse chemical databases demonstrated satisfactory performance for storage and processing of stereochemical information in MCDL format.

Gakh, Andrei A [ORNL; Burnett, Michael N [ORNL; Trepalin, Sergei V. [Institute Physiologically Active Compouds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Yarkov, Alexander V [Institute Physiologically Active Compouds, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Classes: an abstract data type facility for the C language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language constructs for definition and use of abstract data types ease the design and maintenance of large programs. This paper describes the C class concept, an extension to the C language providing such constructs. A class is defined ...

Bjarne Stroustrup

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

LaTaT: language and text analysis tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LaTaT is a Language and Text Analysis Toolset. This paper gives a brief description of the components comprising LaTaT, including a Minimalist parser and language and concept learning programs.

Dekang Lin

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Language identification: the long and the short of the matter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language identification is the task of identifying the language a given document is written in. This paper describes a detailed examination of what models perform best under different conditions, based on experiments across three separate datasets and ...

Timothy Baldwin; Marco Lui

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Crowd-supervised training of spoken language systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spoken language systems are often deployed with static speech recognizers. Only rarely are parameters in the underlying language, lexical, or acoustic models updated on-the-fly. In the few instances where parameters are ...

McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A definition and short history of Language Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the nature, history and current characteristics of Language Engineering, which is contrasted with Natural Language Processing and Computational Linguistics, and which is shown to have attained its own distinct identity in recent ...

Hamish Cunningham

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Proceedings of the Fifth International Natural Language Generation Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are pleased to introduce the technical program of the Fifth International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG 2008), the Biennial Meeting of SIGGEN, the ACL Special Interest Group in Natural Language Generation. INLG is the leading international ...

Michael White; Crystal Nakatsu; David McDonald

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Proceedings of the Fourth International Natural Language Generation Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are pleased to introduce the technical programme of the Fourth International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG), the Biennial Meeting of SIGGEN, the ACL Special Interest Group in Natural Language Generation. INLG is the leading international ...

Nathalie Colineau; Cécile Paris; Stephen Wan; Robert Dale

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

language that resembles mathematical notation, and offer convenient ..... Therefore, it is fundamental that the way a stochastic programming problem ..... [ 14] E. Fragni`ere and J. Gondzio, Optimization modeling languages, in Handbook of Ap-.

154

Automatic Language-Specific Stemming in Information Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We employ Automorphology, an MDL-based algorithm that determines the suffixes present in a language-sample with no prior knowledge of the language in question, and describe our experiments on the usefulness of this approach for Information Retrieval, ...

John A. Goldsmith; Derrick Higgins; Svetlana Soglasnova

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evaluating the language resources of chatbots for their potential in english as a second language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the linguistic worth of current ‘chatbot’ programs – software programs which attempt to hold a conversation, or interact, in English – as a precursor to their potential as an ESL (English as a second language) ... Keywords: CALL, ESL, chatbots, linguistic accuracy

David Coniam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Applying Light Natural Language Processing to Ad-Hoc Cross Language Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lioma,C. Macdonald,C. Plachouras,V. He,B. Ounis,I. In Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005, Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4022 LNCS, Springer

Lioma, C.

157

The human language project: building a Universal Corpus of the world's languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a grand challenge to build a corpus that will include all of the world's languages, in a consistent structure that permits large-scale cross-linguistic processing, enabling the study of universal linguistics. The focal data types, bilingual ...

Steven Abney; Steven Bird

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Parameterizing and Eliciting Text Elements across Languages for Use in Natural Language Processing Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the structure and meaning of text elements cross-linguistically and discusses how that information can be elicited from people in a way that is directly useful for NLP applications. We describe a recently developed computer-based ... Keywords: field linguistics, knowledge elicitation tools, lexicon, morphology, under-resourced languages

Marjorie McShane; Sergei Nirenburg

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Evaluation of KQML as an Agent Communication Language ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocols Agent languages KQML Tcl/Tk Java Telescript CORBA ILU OpenDoc OLE Fig. 1. A taxonomyofagent

Finin, Tim

160

Language Model Passage Retrieval for Question-Oriented ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of natural language processing for this task such as information retrieval (IR), information extraction (IE), and automatic text summarization (ATS). ...

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Washiw Wagayay Ma?al: Reweaving the Washoe Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apprentice.  .  and  Washoe  Master  Apprentice.   As the revitalizationWorkshop, the Master-Apprentice Language Learning Program (

Keliiaa, Caitlin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A special-purpose language for picture-drawing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Special purpose languages are typically characterized by a type of primitive data and domain-specific operations on this data. One approach to special purpose language design is to embed the data and operations of the language within an existing functional ...

Samuel N. Kamin; David Hyatt

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

CISC 860: Course Project A Case Study on TCL Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CISC 860: Course Project A Case Study on TCL Language By H. Shahriar Abstract The Tool Command Language (TCL) is a widely used command language in today's programming world. Although it was designed community of programmers and researcher. This project aims at understanding the original design goals of TCL

Cordy, James R.

164

Component-Oriented Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Component-Oriented Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types Peter H. Fr¨ohlich (phf Abstract Programming languages should support the paradigm of component-oriented software development. Component-oriented programming languages must ex- plicitlydistinguish messages vs. methods and modules vs

Fröhlich, Peter

165

BPSL Modeler -- Visual Notation Language for Intuitive Business Property Reasoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The urgent need for reliable business applications demands the emergence of a powerful yet easy-to-use language for business property reasoning. The Business Property Specification Language (BPSL) and its supporting tool (BPSL modeler) are presented ... Keywords: Business Property Specification Language, Business Property Template, Formal Verification, Temporal Logic

Ke Xu; Ying Liu; Cheng Wu

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Automatic detection of nocuous coordination ambiguities in natural language requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural language is prevalent in requirements documents. However, ambiguity is an intrinsic phenomenon of natural language, and is therefore present in all such documents. Ambiguity occurs when a sentence can be interpreted differently by different readers. ... Keywords: coordination ambiguity, human judgments, machine learning, natural language requirements, nocuous ambiguity

Hui Yang; Alistair Willis; Anne De Roeck; Bashar Nuseibeh

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Exploring the effects of language skills on multilingual web search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multilingual access is an important area of research, especially given the growth in multilingual users of online resources. A large body of research exists for Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR); however, little of this work has considered ... Keywords: cross-language web search, design, language skills, user study

Jennifer Marlow; Paul Clough; Juan Cigarrán Recuero; Javier Artiles

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

V.: GLOO: A Graphical Query Language for OWL Ontologies. OWLED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The database usability experience has shown that visual query languages tend to be superior to textual languages in many aspects. By applying this principle in the context of ontologies, we present GLOO, a graphical query language for OWL-DL ontologies. GLOO maps diagrammatic queries to DL based query languages such as nRQL, which is offered by the OWL-DL reasoner Racer. GLOO hides the complexity of a DL query language from users and allows them to query OWL ontologies with less difficulty. 1

Amineh Fadhil; Volker Haarslev

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Symbolic Analysis of Imperative Programming Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We present a generic symbolic analysis framework for imperative programming languages. Our framework is capable of computing all valid variable bindings of a program at given program points. This information is invaluable for domain-specific static program analyses such as memory leak detection, program parallelisation, and the detection of superfluous bound checks, variable aliases and task deadlocks. We employ path expression algebra to model the control flow information of programs. A homomorphism maps path expressions into the symbolic domain. At the center of the symbolic domain is a compact algebraic structure called supercontext. A supercontext contains the complete control and data flow analysis information valid at a given program point. Our approach to compute supercontexts is based purely on algebra and is fully automated. This novel representation of program semantics closes the gap between program analysis and computer algebra systems, which makes supercontexts an ideal intermediate representation for all domainspecific static program analyses. Our approach is more general than existing methods because it can derive solutions for arbitrary (even intra-loop) nodes of reducible and irreducible control flow graphs. We prove the correctness of our symbolic analysis method. Our experimental results show that the problem sizes arising from real-world applications such as the SPEC95 benchmark suite are tractable for our symbolic analysis framework. 1

Bernd Burgstaller; Bernhard Scholz; Johann Blieberger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

German German The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in German. Some may have English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in German. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to German language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese Dutch English

171

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Italian Italian The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Italian. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Italian. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Italian language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese

172

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

French French The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate in French. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in French. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to French language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese Dutch English

173

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Dutch Dutch The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Dutch. Some may have English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Dutch. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Dutch language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese English French

174

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

English English The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in English. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in English. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to English language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Chinese Dutch French German Italian Japanese Nordic Russian Spanish and Portuguese

175

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Chinese Chinese The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Chinese. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Chinese. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Chinese language societies. If you wish to view societies in another language, please select from the following options. Dutch

176

Grammatical gender effects on cognition: Implications for language learning and language use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 4 experiments, the authors addressed the mechanisms by which grammatical gender (in Italian and German) may come to affect meaning. In Experiments 1 (similarity judgments) and 2 (semantic substitution errors), the authors found Italian gender effects for animals but not for artifacts; Experiment 3 revealed no comparable effects in German. These results suggest that gender effects arise as a generalization from an established association between gender of nouns and sex of human referents, extending to nouns referring to sexuated entities. Across languages, such effects are found when the language allows for easy mapping between gender of nouns and sex of human referents (Italian) but not when the mapping is less transparent (German). A final experiment provided further constraints: These effects during processing arise at a lexical–semantic level rather than at a conceptual level.

Gabriella Vigliocco; David P. Vinson; Federica Paganelli; Katharina Dworzynski

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Language pyramid and multi-scale text analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classical Bag-of-Word (BOW) model represents a document as a histogram of word occurrence, losing the spatial information that is invaluable for many text analysis tasks. In this paper, we present the Language Pyramid (LaP) model, which ... Keywords: bag of word, language pyramid, multi-scale language models, multi-scale text analysis, multi-scale text kernel, text spatial contents modeling

Shuang-Hong Yang; Hongyuan Zha

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A static cost analysis for a higher-order language.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? We develop a static complexity analysis for a higher-order functional language with structural list recursion. The complexity of an expression is a pair consisting… (more)

Danner, Norman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) Track Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) Track Overview Martin Braschler1, Jürgen Krause2, Carol Peters3, Peter Schäuble4 ...

180

ITL participates in Cross-Language Evaluation Forum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... model, the CLEF series of system evaluation aims at promoting research and development in Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) by ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Development of a Graphics Ontology for Natural Language Interfaces.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The overall context of this thesis research is to explore natural language as a medium to interact with computer software in the graphics domain, e.g.… (more)

Niknam, Mehdi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Formal hardware specification languages for protocol compliance verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of the system-on-chip and intellectual property hardware design paradigms makes protocol compliance verification increasingly important to the success of a project. One of the central tools in any verification project is the modeling language, ... Keywords: Esterel, Heterogeneous Hardware Logic, Hierarchical Annotated Action Diagrams, Java, Lava, Live Sequence Charts, Message Sequence Charts, Objective VHDL, OpenVera, Property Specification Language, SpecC, Specification and Description Language, Statecharts, SystemC, SystemVerilog, The Unified Modeling Language, e, hardware monitors, timing diagrams

Annette Bunker; Ganesh Gopalakrishnan; Sally A. Mckee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

IMPLEMENTATION FOR A COHERENT KEYWORD-BASED XML QUERY LANGUAGE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Due to the increasing pervasiveness of data sets using the XML data format,numerous query languages have been proposed that exploit the structure inherent in XML.… (more)

Potturi, Venkatakalyan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Globalizing of technology module in contextualized language instruction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The module "Technology in Contextualized Language Instruction" provides models and insights into the ways in which teachers can use technology to connect their students and… (more)

Aglawe, Anjali A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Computer analysis of the language of deaf children  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of a computer parsing system for analyzingspeech and language development in deaf children is being investigated. To this end

Barbara G. Parkhurst; Marian P. Mac Eachron

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Studies in the History and Geography of California Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Deep Relationships Among California Languages 3.1for California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1The Geography of the Northern California Linguistic Area 4.1

Haynie, Hannah Jane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

Cugola, Gianpaolo

188

The function of semantics in automated language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a survey of some of the major semantic models that have been developed for automated semantic analysis of natural language. Current approaches to semantic analysis and logical inference are based mainly on models of human cognitive processes ... Keywords: computational linguistics, grammars, natural language processing, semantics

Milos Pacak; Arnold W. Pratt

1971-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Concept of language solution for foreign students from didactic perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article provides readers with an insight into the process of teaching/learning the inflectional West Slavic Czech language at the Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Králové. The contribution is elaborated from ... Keywords: didactic principles, e-learning, information and communication technologies, language, learning management system, motivation, multicultural environment, teaching/learning theories

?erná Miloslava

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A debug interface for debugging multiple domain specific aspect languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in the area of multi-DSAL development has been mainly devoted to enabling the interoperability of multiple aspect mechanisms. Less attention has been given to making programming with multiple aspect languages practical. For domain specific aspect ... Keywords: AspectJ, aspect-oriented programming (AOP), aspect-oriented software engineering (AOSE), awesome, cool, debugging, domain specific languages (DSLs), validate

Yoav Apter; David H. Lorenz; Oren Mishali

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The efficacy of human post-editing for language translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language translation is slow and expensive, so various forms of machine assistance have been devised. Automatic machine translation systems process text quickly and cheaply, but with quality far below that of skilled human translators. To bridge this ... Keywords: experiment, language translation, modeling, post-editing

Spence Green; Jeffrey Heer; Christopher D. Manning

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Multilingual pseudo-relevance feedback: performance study of assisting languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a previous work of ours Chinnakotla et al. (2010) we introduced a novel framework for Pseudo-Relevance Feedback (PRF) called MultiPRF. Given a query in one language called Source, we used English as the Assisting Language to improve ...

Manoj K. Chinnakotla; Karthik Raman; Pushpak Bhattacharyya

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79.181.48.102 on 29-processing steps for a variety of natural language processing applications, from search and information extraction

Wintner, Shuly

194

Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

Rosso, Paolo

195

The Open Digital Rights Language: XML for Digital Rights Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital Rights Management (DRM) covers a broad area of intellectual property management and enforcement. DRM aims to provide secure and trusted services to control the use and distribution of content. DRM technologies have evolved from the primarily ... Keywords: Digital Rights Management (DRM), Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL), Open Mobile Alliance (OMA), Rights Expression Language, XML, XML Schema

Renato Iannella

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Texas Tech University Knowledge Representation Group Modular Action Language ALM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Texas Tech University Knowledge Representation Group Modular Action Language ALM Michael Gelfond and Daniela Inclezan Computer Science Department Texas Tech University February 11, 2010 #12;2 Texas Tech for specifying such diagrams. #12;3 Texas Tech University Knowledge Representation Group Action Languages and ASP

Zhang, Yuanlin

197

On-line Approximate String Matching in Natural Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider approximate pattern matching in natural language text. We use the words of the text as the alphabet, instead of the characters as in traditional string matching approaches. Hence our pattern consists of a sequence of words. From the algorithmic ... Keywords: Approximate string matching, filtering, natural language processing, phrase matching, word alphabet

Kimmo Fredriksson

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Language, interactivity and solution probing: repetition without repetition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognition of the importance of autopoiesis to biological systems was crucial in building an alternative to the classic view of cognitive science. However, concepts like structural coupling and autonomy are not strong enough to throw light on language ... Keywords: Enactivism, distributed cognition, distributed language, ecological psychology, interactivity, organism-environment system, problem solving, sense-making

Stephen Cowley, Luarina Nash

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Resources Report on Languages of Indonesia Hammam Riza  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resources Report on Languages of Indonesia Hammam Riza IPTEKNET Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) Jakarta, Indonesia hammam@iptek.net.id Abstract In this paper, we report a survey of lan- guage resources in Indonesia, primarily of indigenous languages. We look at the offi- cial

200

Technical Section: A multimedia framework for effective language training  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel framework for the multimodal display of words using topological, appearance, and auditory representations. The methods are designed for effective language training and serve as a learning aid for individuals with dyslexia. Our topological ... Keywords: Coding, Dyslexia, Entropy, Information theory, Learning, Natural language, Visual information, Visualization

Markus Gross; Christian Voegeli

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Information-based Cross-Language Information Retrieval Model Bo Li and Eric Gaussier Universit in the information-based family for information retrieval, namely the LL (log-logistic) and SPL (smoothed power law, yielding the best performance overall. 1 Introduction Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Language support for processing distributed ad hoc data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design, theory and implementation of Gloves, a domain-specific language that allows users to specify the provenance (the derivation history starting from the origins), syntax and semantic properties of collections of distributed ... Keywords: declarative language, distributed data sources

Kenny Q. Zhu; Daniel S. Dantas; Kathleen Fisher; Limin Jia; Yitzhak Mandelbaum; Vivek Pai; David Walker

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A natural-language approach to biomimetic design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes various aspects of identifying and applying biological analogies in engineering design using a natural-language approach. To avoid the immense as well as potentially biased task of creating a biological database specifically for ... Keywords: Analogical Reasoning, Biologically Inspired Design, Biomimetic Design, Design By Analogy, Natural-Language Approach

L. h. Shu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Calling variadic functions from a strongly-typed language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of providing a mechanism to call C functions from high-level languages has been understood for many years and, these days, almost all statically-typed high-level-language implementations provide such a mechanism. One glaring omission, ... Keywords: compilers, foreign-function interfaces, interpreters

Matthias Blume; Michael Rainey; John Reppy

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A scheduling framework for general-purpose parallel languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trend in microprocessor design toward multicore and manycore processors means that future performance gains in software will largely come from harnessing parallelism. To realize such gains, we need languages and implementations that can enable parallelism ... Keywords: compilers, heterogeneous parallel languages, run-time systems, scheduling

Matthew Fluet; Mike Rainey; John Reppy

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2005 Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL-2005) is the ninth in a series of meetings organized by SIGNLL, the ACL special interest group on natural language learning. This year's CoNLL will be held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, ...

Ido Dagan; Daniel Gildea

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Position paper: Sapper -- a language for provable hardware policy enforcement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe Sapper, a language for creating critical hardware components that have provably secure information flow. Most systems that enforce information flow policies place the hardware microarchitecture within the trusted computing base, and also ... Keywords: hardware description language, information flow, non-interference

Xun Li, Vineeth Kashyap, Jason K. Oberg, Mohit Tiwari, Vasanth Ram Rajarathinam, Ryan Kastner, Timothy Sherwood, Ben Hardekopf, Frederic T. Chong

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Using the CASM language for simulator synthesis and model verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the CASM language, an abstract state machine (ASM) based modeling language originally designed for verifying compiler backends. We demonstrate the expressiveness by describing an instruction set simulator (ISS) for MIPS in approximately 700 ... Keywords: ASM, correctness proofs, simulator synthesis

Roland Lezuo; Andreas Krall

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Translating Nondeterministic Functional Language based on Attribute Grammars into Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knowledge-based systems are suitable for realizing advanced functions that require domain-specific expert knowledge, while knowledge representation languages and their supporting environments are essential for realizing such systems. Although Prolog is useful and effective in realizing such a supporting environment, the language interoperability with other implementation languages, such as Java, is often an important issue in practical application development. This paper describes the techniques for translating a knowledge representation language that is a nondeterministic functional language based on attribute grammars into Java. The translation is based on binarization and the techniques proposed for Prolog to Java translation although the semantics are different from those of Prolog. A continuation unit is introduced to handle continuation efficiently, while the variable and register management on backtracking is simplified by using the single and unidirectional assignment features of variables. An experim...

Umeda, Masanobu; Sone, Hiroaki; Katamine, Keiichi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Spanish and Portuguese Spanish and Portuguese The following scientific society websites represent research and development interests that are within the E-print Network scope. They communicate primarily in Spanish, Portuguese, or Catalan. Some may have minimal English content on the linking pages. In addition, some of these societies may also provide electronic publications and/or information concerning scientific literature published in Spanish, Portuguese, or Catalan. The intent of this compilation is to provide an easy entry point into these scientific communities to encourage the formation of personal contacts among researchers pursuing similar interests. You are currently viewing the page that provides access to Spanish and Portuguese language societies. If you wish to view societies in another

211

Gay slang Polari on list of endangered languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Religion Travel Lifestyle Beauty Home and Garden Sport Employment My About Advertise Around the World iPhone App RSS Facebook Twitter iGoogle Search 9 comments UK  Gay slang Polari on list of endangered languages by Jessica Geen 9 December 2010, 4:02pm... of the Sami communities based in northwestern Russia. Languages from the UK include Welsh, Scots, Manx, Cornish and Old Kentish Sign Language. Discuss this story: 9 comments Add Pink News to your Facebook news feed facebook.com/pinknews" show...

Geen, Jessica

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

212

Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: oee.nrcan.gc.ca/corporate/statistics/neud/dpa/home.cfm?attr=24 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/canadian-national-energy-use-database Language: "English,French" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

213

Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves Agency/Company /Organization: various Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan, Create Early Successes Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Presentation, Video User Interface: Website Website: ttp://www.bioenergylists.org/ Cost: Free Language: "English, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

214

Handbook of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Handbook of Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA) Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.hbefa.net/e/index.html Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/handbook-emission-factors-road-transp Language: "English,French,German" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

215

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Toolkit Website | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Toolkit Website Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Toolkit Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Toolkit Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy Impacts Website: toolkits.reeep.org/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/renewable-energy-and-energy-efficienc Language: "English,Chinese,French,Portuguese,Spanish" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

216

Miljoforden Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Miljoforden Website Miljoforden Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Miljoforden Website Focus Area: Natural Gas Topics: Deployment Data Website: www.miljofordon.se/in-english/this-is-miljofordon-se Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/miljoforden-website Language: "English,Swedish" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

217

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Focus Area: Propane Topics: Socio-Economic Website: theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/Retrosp_final_bilingual.p Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/overview-china's-vehicle-emission-con Language: "English,Chinese" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

218

Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Design and Installation Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Solar Energy International Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, - Solar PV Resource Type: Training materials User Interface: Other Website: www.solarenergy.org/bookstore/photovoltaics-design-installation-manual Cost: Paid Language: "English, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

219

OLADE-Solar Thermal World Portal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » OLADE-Solar Thermal World Portal Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE-Solar Thermal World Portal Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar Hot Water User Interface: Website Website: www.solarthermalworld.org/ Cost: Free UN Region: Caribbean, South America Language: "English, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Proven√ßal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volap√ºk, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

220

Freight Best Practice Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Freight Best Practice Website Freight Best Practice Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Freight Best Practice Website Focus Area: Public Transit Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.freightbestpractice.org.uk/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/freight-best-practice-website Language: "English,Welsh" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

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221

COMFAR III: Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COMFAR III: Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting COMFAR III: Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: COMFAR III: Computer Model for Feasibility Analysis and Reporting Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Focus Area: Industry Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.unido.org/index.php?id=o3470 Language: "Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

222

Sustainable Logistics Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Logistics Website Sustainable Logistics Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Logistics Website Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Best Practices Website: www.duurzamelogistiek.nl/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/sustainable-logistics-website Language: "English,Dutch" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

223

IGES-Market Mechanism Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IGES-Market Mechanism Group IGES-Market Mechanism Group Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: IGES-Market Mechanism Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis Resource Type: Training materials Website: www.iges.or.jp/en/cdm/index.html Cost: Free Language: "English, Japanese" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

224

Eco TransIT World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eco TransIT World Eco TransIT World Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Eco TransIT World Focus Area: Low Carbon Communities Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.ecotransit.org/index.en.html Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/eco-transit-world Language: "English,Dutch,French,German,Spanish" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

225

CRiSTAL Project Management Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CRiSTAL Project Management Tool CRiSTAL Project Management Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: CRiSTAL Project Management Tool Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: Implementation Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.iisd.org/cristaltool/ Cost: Free Language: "English, French, Portuguese, Spanish; Castilian" is not in the list of possible values (Abkhazian, Achinese, Acoli, Adangme, Adyghe; Adygei, Afar, Afrihili, Afrikaans, Afro-Asiatic languages, Ainu, Akan, Akkadian, Albanian, Aleut, Algonquian languages, Altaic languages, Amharic, Angika, Apache languages, Arabic, Aragonese, Arapaho, Arawak, Armenian, Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian, Artificial languages, Assamese, Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese, Athapascan languages, Australian languages, Austronesian languages, Avaric, Avestan, Awadhi, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Balinese, Baltic languages, Baluchi, Bambara, Bamileke languages, Banda languages, Bantu (Other), Basa, Bashkir, Basque, Batak languages, Beja; Bedawiyet, Belarusian, Bemba, Bengali, Berber languages, Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Bikol, Bini; Edo, Bislama, Blin; Bilin, Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss, Bosnian, Braj, Breton, Buginese, Bulgarian, Buriat, Burmese, Caddo, Catalan; Valencian, Caucasian languages, Cebuano, Celtic languages, Central American Indian languages, Central Khmer, Chagatai, Chamic languages, Chamorro, Chechen, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chibcha, Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja, Chinese, Chinook jargon, Chipewyan; Dene Suline, Choctaw, Chuukese, Chuvash, Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa, Classical Syriac, Coptic, Cornish, Corsican, Cree, Creek, Creoles and pidgins , Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish, Croatian, Cushitic languages, Czech, Dakota, Danish, Dargwa, Delaware, Dinka, Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian, Dogri, Dogrib, Dravidian languages, Duala, Dutch; Flemish, Dyula, Dzongkha, Eastern Frisian, Efik, Egyptian (Ancient), Ekajuk, Elamite, English, Erzya, Esperanto, Estonian, Ewe, Ewondo, Fang, Fanti, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino; Pilipino, Finnish, Finno-Ugrian languages, Fon, French, Friulian, Fulah, Ga, Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, Galibi Carib, Galician, Ganda, Gayo, Gbaya, Geez, Georgian, German, Germanic languages, Gilbertese, Gondi, Gorontalo, Gothic, Grebo, Greek, Modern, Guarani, Gujarati, Gwich'in, Haida, Haitian; Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hebrew, Herero, Hiligaynon, Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages, Hindi, Hiri Motu, Hittite, Hmong; Mong, Hungarian, Hupa, Iban, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ijo languages, Iloko, Inari Sami, Indic languages, Indo-European languages, Indonesian, Ingush, Interlingue; Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho, Kalaallisut; Greenlandic, Kalmyk; Oirat, Kamba, Kannada, Kanuri, Kara-Kalpak, Karachay-Balkar, Karelian, Karen languages, Kashmiri, Kashubian, Kawi, Kazakh, Khasi, Khoisan languages, Khotanese; Sakan, Kikuyu; Gikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirghiz; Kyrgyz, Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol, Komi, Kongo, Konkani, Korean, Kosraean, Kpelle, Kru languages, Kuanyama; Kwanyama, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kurukh, Kutenai, Ladino, Lahnda, Lamba, Land Dayak languages, Lao, Latin, Latvian, Lezghian, Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish, Lingala, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lower Sorbian, Lozi, Luba-Katanga, Luba-Lulua, Luiseno, Lule Sami, Lunda, Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), Lushai, Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch, Macedonian, Madurese, Magahi, Maithili, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Manchu, Mandar, Mandingo, Manipuri, Manobo languages, Manx, Maori, Mapudungun; Mapuche, Marathi, Mari, Marshallese, Marwari, Masai, Mayan languages, Mende, Mi'kmaq; Micmac, Minangkabau, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moksha, Mon-Khmer languages, Mongo, Mongolian, Mossi, Multiple languages, Munda languages, N'Ko, Nahuatl languages, Nauru, Navajo; Navaho, Ndebele, North; North Ndebele, Ndebele, South; South Ndebele, Ndonga, Neapolitan, Nepal Bhasa; Newari, Nepali, Nias, Niger-Kordofanian languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Niuean, North American Indian languages, Northern Frisian, Northern Sami, Norwegian, Nubian languages, Nyamwezi, Nyankole, Nyoro, Nzima, Occitan (post 1500); Provençal, Ojibwa, Oriya, Oromo, Osage, Ossetian; Ossetic, Otomian languages, Pahlavi, Palauan, Pali, Pampanga; Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Panjabi; Punjabi, Papiamento, Papuan languages, Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho, Persian, Philippine languages, Phoenician, Pohnpeian, Polish, Portuguese, Prakrit languages, Pushto; Pashto, Quechua, Rajasthani, Rapanui, Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori, Romance languages, Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan, Romansh, Romany, Rundi, Russian, Salishan languages, Samaritan Aramaic, Sami languages, Samoan, Sandawe, Sango, Sanskrit, Santali, Sardinian, Sasak, Scots, Selkup, Semitic languages, Serbian, Serer, Shan, Shona, Sichuan Yi; Nuosu, Sicilian, Sidamo, Sign Languages, Siksika, Sindhi, Sinhala; Sinhalese, Sino-Tibetan languages, Siouan languages, Skolt Sami, Slave (Athapascan), Slavic languages, Slovak, Slovenian, Sogdian, Somali, Songhai languages, Soninke, Sorbian languages, Sotho, Southern, South American Indian (Other), Southern Altai, Southern Sami, Spanish; Castilian, Sranan Tongo, Sukuma, Sumerian, Sundanese, Susu, Swahili, Swati, Swedish, Swiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian, Syriac, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tai languages, Tajik, Tamashek, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tereno, Tetum, Thai, Tibetan, Tigre, Tigrinya, Timne, Tiv, Tlingit, Tok Pisin, Tokelau, Tonga (Nyasa), Tonga (Tonga Islands), Tsimshian, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Tupi languages, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvalu, Tuvinian, Twi, Udmurt, Ugaritic, Uighur; Uyghur, Ukrainian, Umbundu, Uncoded languages, Undetermined, Upper Sorbian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vai, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Wakashan languages, Walamo, Walloon, Waray, Washo, Welsh, Western Frisian, Wolof, Xhosa, Yakut, Yao, Yapese, Yiddish, Yoruba, Yupik languages, Zande languages, Zapotec, Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki, Zenaga, Zhuang; Chuang, Zulu, Zuni) for this property.

226

Automatic Detection of Learner's Affect From Gross Body Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explored the reliability of detecting learners' affect by monitoring their gross body language (body position and arousal) during interactions with an intelligent tutoring system called AutoTutor. Training and validation data on affective states were ...

Sidney D'Mello; Art Graesser

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Attachment A.1: Summary of Mandatory Language Provisions | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A.1: Summary of Mandatory Language Provisions A.1: Summary of Mandatory Language Provisions Attachment A.1: Summary of Mandatory Language Provisions SUMMARY OF MANDATORY LANGUAGE PROVISIONS 1. Regulatory and non-regulatory activities "The parties to this Agreement further understand that the oversight activities authorized by this Agreement are intended to supplement activities conducted under applicable environmental laws and regulations, but not to support specific State regulatory, permitting, and legally-required environmental oversight activities, such as issuance of regulatory permits, the review of DOE regulatory submissions when such review serves primarily as the basis for State action under regulatory programs, required regulatory inspections, required monitoring, issuance of regulatory notices of violation and other citations, nor to support the

228

Prolog - the language and its implementation compared with Lisp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prolog is a simple but powerful programming language founded on symbolic logic. The basic computational mechanism is a pattern matching process (“unification”) operating on general record structures (“terms” of logic). We briefly ...

David H D Warren; Luis M. Pereira; Fernando Pereira

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Rapid application development using the Tcl/Tk language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last year, high level applications at CEBAF were written using the Tcl/Tk scripting language. This language is rapidly gaining in popularity, in part due to ease of constructing programs with X11 graphical user interfaces, and in part to ease of adding compiled user code for specialized purposes. Extensions to the language provide object oriented programming, which was used to develop a hierarchy of classes relevant for high level accelerator control. We describe basic language features, some 3rd party add-on packages, and local additions to the toolbox. Next we describe features of the accelerator object hierarchy, and finally describe applications written using this toolbox such as the ModelServer prototype, Slow Orbit and Energy Lock, the Linac Energy Management System, and other applications.

van Zeijts, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programming language TCL/TK. The interface between the two parts is done through a communication protocol minimal work left for the TCL/TK front­end (which is much slower than SML/NJ), besides the imperative

Peled, Doron A.

231

A method for mapping between ASMs and implementation language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the challenges of model-based engineering is traceability: the ability to relate the set of models developed during the design stages to the implemented system. This thesis develops a language specific method for ...

Wang, David Cheng-Ping

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Trusted source translation of a total function language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a trusted source translator that transforms total functions defined in the specification language of the HOL theorem prover to simple intermediate code. This translator eliminates polymorphism by code specification, removes higher-order functions ...

Guodong Li; Konrad Slind

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Lightweight flexible isolation for language-based extensible systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safe programming languages encourage the development of dynamically extensible systems, such as extensible Web servers and mobile agent platforms. Although protection is of utmost importance in these settings, current solutions do not adequately address ...

Laurent Daynès; Grzegorz Czajkowski

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Constructing parallel corpora for six Indian languages via crowdsourcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work has established the efficacy of Amazon's Mechanical Turk for constructing parallel corpora for machine translation research. We apply this to building a collection of parallel corpora between English and six languages from the Indian subcontinent: ...

Matt Post; Chris Callison-Burch; Miles Osborne

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Large linguistically-processed web corpora for multiple languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Web contains vast amounts of linguistic data. One key issue for linguists and language technologists is how to access it. Commercial search engines give highly compromised access. An alternative is to crawl the Web ourselves, which also allows us ...

Marco Baroni; Adam Kilgarriff

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Bridging language-based and process calculi security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language-based and process calculi-based information security are well developed fields of computer security. Although these fields have much in common, it is somewhat surprising that the literature lacks a comprehensive account of a formal link between ...

Riccardo Focardi; Sabina Rossi; Andrei Sabelfeld

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Language model rest costs and space-efficient storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approximate search algorithms, such as cube pruning in syntactic machine translation, rely on the language model to estimate probabilities of sentence fragments. We contribute two changes that trade between accuracy of these estimates and memory, holding ...

Kenneth Heafield; Philipp Koehn; Alon Lavie

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Coupling a linguistic formalism and a script language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a novel syntactic parser architecture, in which a linguistic formalism can be enriched with all sorts of constraints, included extra-linguistic ones, thanks to the seamless coupling of the formalism with a programming language.

Claude Roux

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

System Model-Based Definition of Modeling Language Semantics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach to define the semantics for object-oriented modeling languages. One important property of this semantics is to support underspecified and incomplete models. To this end, semantics is given as predicates over elements ...

Hans Grönniger; Jan Oliver Ringert; Bernhard Rumpe

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Spontaneous speech recognition using visual context-aware language models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis presents a novel situationally-aware multimodal spoken language system called Fuse that performs speech understanding for visual object selection. An experimental task was created in which people were asked to ...

Mukherjee, Niloy, 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Natural language processing for unmanned aerial vehicle guidance interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, the opportunities and challenges involved in applying natural language processing techniques to the control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are addressed. The problem of controlling an unmanned aircraft ...

Craparo, Emily M. (Emily Marie), 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Natural language human-machine interface using artificial neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper there is a natural language interface presented, which consists of the intelligent mechanisms of human identification, speech recognition, word and command recognition, command syntax and result analysis, command safety assessment, technological ...

Maciej Majewski; Wojciech Kacalak

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Embedding domain-specific modelling languages in maude specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an approach for embedding Domain-Specific Modelling Languages (DSML) into Maude, based on representing models and metamodels as Maude specifications, and on representing operational semantics and model transformations as computable functions/relations ...

Vlad Rusu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A higher-order extension for imperative synchronous languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the very first effective design of higher-order modules in the synchronous programming language Esterel. Higher-order modules, together with the robust separate compilation scheme that implements it, allow us to address a yet unexplored ...

Eric Vecchié; Jean-Pierre Talpin; Sébastien Boisgérault

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Evolving GATE to meet new challenges in language engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present recent work on GATE, a widely-used framework and graphical development environment for creating and deploying Language Engineering components and resources in a robust fashion. The GATE architecture has facilitated the development ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Valentin Tablan; Diana Maynard; Hamish Cunningham

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

On Graph Based Interaction for Semantic Query Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last years, several proposals have been presented concerning graphical query languages working on diagrammatic representations of semantic data models. Such proposals are mainly based on two different user interaction modalities, i.e., to allow ...

Giuseppe Santucci

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

6.035 Computer Language Engineering (SMA 5502), Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzes issues associated with the implementation of higher-level programming languages. Fundamental concepts, functions, and structures of compilers. The interaction of theory and practice. Using tools in building software. ...

Amarasinghe, Saman P.

249

Reasoning support for expressive ontology languages using a theorem prover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is claimed in [45] that first-order theorem provers are not efficient for reasoning with ontologies based on description logics compared to specialised description logic reasoners. However, the development of more expressive ontology languages requires ...

Ian Horrocks; Andrei Voronkov

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A lightweight approach for managing XML documents with MDE languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of contemporary model management languages that support MDE tasks (such as model transformation, validation and code generation) require models to be captured using metamodelling architectures such as Ecore and MOF. In practice, a limited ...

Dimitrios S. Kolovos; Louis M. Rose; James Williams; Nicholas Matragkas; Richard F. Paige

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Examining Dual Language, Bilingual, and ESL Teachers’ Knowledge, Professional Development Experiences, and Perceptions About Second Language Programs In Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid increase of the English Language Learner (ELL) student population in the United States and their continued lack of achievement means that research must focus on examining differences between the types of second language programs that are available in the U.S. to assist ELLs to learn a second language. The lack of research about teachers’ knowledge and perceptions along with professional development practices in second language programs indicates the need to improve teacher training. This dissertation includes two research studies that followed a mixed-methods approach. Study 1 was conducted with 225 Bilingual and English as Second Language (ESL) teachers in a large suburban school district. Study 2 included 335 Dual Language and ESL teachers from forty school districts in Texas. Study 1 examined Bilingual and ESL teachers’ knowledge of research on bilingual programs, instructional issues for ELLs, general instructional strategies, and second language development amongst bilingual/ESL teachers who work in different language programs. Also, the study considered the professional development opportunities provided to teachers of ELLs. In addition, it examined teachers’ perceptions about administrators, program implementation, program features, school and community, and adequate training along with the degree of program satisfaction. Study 2 investigated whether the program of instruction, grade level, years of experience, types of route to certification, and feelings of pre-service teacher preparation made a difference on Dual Language and ESL teachers’ knowledge and perceptions of second language programs. It also focused on the type of professional development that teachers receive and program strengths and challenges. Findings from both studies indicated significant differences in regards to teachers’ knowledge and perceptions based on a number of variables examined. There were similarities and differences in regards to professional development experiences, program strengths and challenges. Findings indicated that a large number of teachers of ELLs are not receiving adequate training and that bilingual and Dual Language teachers know more than ESL teachers about research on bilingual programs and second language development. These findings have policy implications because they provide information about the type of knowledge and training that teachers are receiving and most importantly the deficits.

Franco-Fuenmayor, Susana Elena

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Network governance and public policy: language planning and language policy in Australia and Greece within a globalising context (1970-2005).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is a study of language planning and language policy in Australia and Greece between 1970 and 2005, in the light of network governability… (more)

Tripolitakis, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

PGAS Language Codes (UPC, CoArray Fortran) on Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGAS PGAS Languages PGAS Language Codes (UPC, Coarray Fortran) Introduction PGAS (Partitioned Global Address Space) languages such as Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Coarray Fortran (CAF) are available with the Cray compilers. To use them, swap to the Cray programming environment and compile as usual with the Cray wrappers ftn and cc. See the examples below for command line usage. module swap PrgEnv-pgi PrgEnv-cray Using Large Pages Due to a hardware requirement, SHMEM, UPC, and CAF applications on Cray XE systems that use more than 2 GB of memory per compute node for static data must back the static data with huge pages. The 2 GB of static data per compute node is the sum of the static data used per core, multiplied by the number of cores used per compute node. It includes initialized data and

254

Federal Energy Management Program: Model Acquisition Language for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Training Available Graphic of the eTraining logo Energy-Efficient Federal Purchasing: This intermediate FEMP eTraining course offers hands-on learning on finding, specifying, and selecting energy-efficient products. Energy-Efficient Product Procurement: This introductory FEMP First Thursday Seminar details executive order and Federal Acquisition Regulation requirements for purchasing FEMP-designated and ENERGY STAR products. Federal agencies must insert specific contract language for Energy Efficiency in Energy-Consuming Products as defined in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Section 52.223-15 in solicitations and contracts when ENERGY STAR®-qualified or FEMP-designated energy-consuming products are:

255

B.: System Model-Based Definition of Modeling Language Semantics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In this paper, we present an approach to define the semantics for object-oriented modeling languages. One important property of this semantics is to support underspecified and incomplete models. To this end, semantics is given as predicates over elements of the semantic domain. This domain is called the system model which is a general declarative characterization of object systems. The system model is very detailed since it captures various relevant structural, behavioral, and interaction aspects. This allows us to re-use the system model as a domain for various kinds of object-oriented modeling languages. As a major consequence, the integration of language semantics is straight-forward. The whole approach is supported by tools that do not constrain the semantics definition’s expressiveness and flexibility while making it machinecheckable. 1

Hans Grönniger; Jan Oliver Ringert; Bernhard Rumpe; Lehrstuhl Informatik (softwaretechnik) Rwth Aachen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technologies » Energy-Efficient Products » Model Acquisition Technologies » Energy-Efficient Products » Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts October 8, 2013 - 2:39pm Addthis Federal agencies must insert specific contract language for Energy Efficiency in Energy-Consuming Products as defined in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Section 52.223-15 in solicitations and contracts when ENERGY STAR®-qualified or FEMP-designated energy-consuming products are: Delivered Acquired by the contractor for use in performing services at a Federally-controlled facility Furnished by the contractor for use by the Government Specified in the design of a building or work, or incorporated during its construction, renovation, or maintenance.

257

Racism and Religious Bias in Castilian Spanish Language Dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study examines the evolution of the definitions of 31 terms having to do with three prominent religions in Spain: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The definitions are analyzed for racism and religious bias in reference to the cultural and ideological periods of Spanish society throughout history. Each word is studied from the earliest date of appearance in a Spanish language dictionary. The database used is the Nuevo Tesoro Lexicográfico de la Lengua Española (NTLLE), published by the Real Academia Española (RAE) in 2001, which includes 70 dictionaries, 37 of which are written by authors not connected with the RAE. In an attempt to broaden the historical point of view, as many entries from dictionaries as possible are used in this analysis. Racist definitions are defined as containing abusive or pejorative language that insinuates that one race, or religion, is superior to another. Biased definitions use language that inhibits neutrality in the descriptions. It is shown that Christian terms are generally associated with positive concepts. Terms related to Judaism suffer much racism and religious bias through pejorative language and direct comparison to Christianity. Islamic terms reveal less racism in their entries and fall more often under neutral descriptions. That fewer biased entries exist for Islamic terms may be related to their status as a majority in Spain during large periods of history, whereas Jews suffered more racism because they were consistently the minority. The role of the Spanish Inquisition in the persecution of Jews will is shown to have heavy influence in the entries for several Jewish terms. While the item judío suffers the most extensive use of pejorative language, moro is the only term for which negative language endures to the present.

Howard, Lauren Kelli

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

State-complexity hierarchies of uniform languages of alphabet-size length  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the state complexity of certain simple languages. If A is an alphabet of k letters, then a k-language is a nonempty set of words of length k, that is, a uniform language of length k. We show that the minimal state complexity of a k-language ... Keywords: Automaton, Bound, Hierarchy, Language, Permutation, State complexity, Tree, Uniform

Janusz Brzozowski; Stavros Konstantinidis

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Using the information resource dictionary system command language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document introduces and provides examples of the Command Language of the draft proposed Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS). A dictionary maintained by the US Air Force is defined in the IRDS and used as a continuing example throughout the document. The dictionary is populated, manipulated, and reported on using the precise syntax of the Command Language. An appendix to the document provides a complete listing of the creation of the example. Other appendices provide indices of all command appearances and all clause appearances.

Goldfine, A.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Linguistic profiling of texts for the purpose of language verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to control the quality of internet-based language corpora, we developed a method to verify automatically that texts are of (near-) native quality. For the LOCNESS and ICLE corpora, the method is rather successful in separating native and non-native ...

Hans Van Halteren; Nelleke Oostdijk

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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261

An operational foundation for the tactic language of Coq  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a semantic toolbox for Ltac, the tactic language of the popular Coq proof assistant. We present three formats of operational semantics, each of which has its use in the practice of tactic programming: a big-step specification in the form ... Keywords: abstract machine, natural semantics, proof assistant Coq, reduction semantics, tactics

Wojciech Jedynak, Ma?gorzata Biernacka, Dariusz Biernacki

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A-STAR: Toward translating Asian spoken languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines the first Asian network-based speech-to-speech translation system developed by the Asian Speech Translation Advanced Research (A-STAR) consortium. Eight research groups comprising the A-STAR members participated in the experiments, ... Keywords: Asian languages, Machine translation, Speech recognition, Speech-to-speech translation, Text-to-speech

Sakriani Sakti; Michael Paul; Andrew Finch; Shinsuke Sakai; Thang Tat Vu; Noriyuki Kimura; Chiori Hori; Eiichiro Sumita; Satoshi Nakamura; Jun Park; Chai Wutiwiwatchai; Bo Xu; Hammam Riza; Karunesh Arora; Chi Mai Luong; Haizhou Li

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Designing a cross-language comparison-shopping agent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research pertains to the design and development of a shopbot called WebShopper+. This shopbot is intended to help customers find and compare e-tailers that market their wares using different languages. WebShopper+ is built with a multilingual ontology ... Keywords: Comparison-shopping, Formal concept analysis, Ontology, Semantic similarity, Shopbot

Shiu-Li Huang; Yu-Hsiang Tsai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Creating interactive driver experiences with the scenario markup language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serious games became an important device for increasing the awareness of issues that are important to society. One such issue is the environmental impact of driving. To support the training and wide promotion of eco-friendly driving, an appropriate platform ... Keywords: 3D virtual worlds, eco-friendly driving, markup languages, scenario programming

Kugamoorthy Gajananan; Eurico Doirado; Arturo Nakasone; Pedro Cuba; Helmut Prendinger; Marc Miska

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Language, logic and ontology: Uncovering the structure of commonsense knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is twofold: (i) we argue that the structure of commonsense knowledge must be discovered, rather than invented; and (ii) we argue that natural language, which is the best known theory of our (shared) commonsense knowledge, should ... Keywords: Commonsense knowledge, Ontology, Reasoning, Semantics

Walid S. Saba

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Formal semantics and expressiveness of a web service composition language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web Services have become the standard for exposing services on the Internet. Since many operations require the collaboration between two or more services, the need to have languages to express Web Services compositions has emerged. In this paper, we ... Keywords: PEWS, operational semantics, web services, workflow patterns

Marcelo Guerra Hahn; Regina Motz; Alberto Pardo; Martin A. Musicante

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fault-safe code motion for type-safe languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compilers for Java and other type-safe languages have historically worked to overcome overheads and constraints imposed by runtime safety checks and precise exception semantics. We instead exploit these safety properties to perform code motion optimizations ... Keywords: code motion, intermediate representations, partial redundancy elimination, safe code motion, safety dependences, scheduling, speculative code motion

Brian R. Murphy; Vijay Menon; Florian T. Schneider; Tatiana Shpeisman; Ali-Reza Adl-Tabatabai

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

Wintner, Shuly

269

Integrating phonological knowledge in ASR systems for Spanish language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we undertake the use of phonological features applied to speech recognition in Spanish language. We investigate two different ways to integrate these phonological features into an HMM based speech recognition system. We also propose a method ... Keywords: acoustic modeling, phonological features, speech recognition

Javier Mikel Olaso; María Inés Torres

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

PL-detective: A system for teaching programming language concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The educational literature recognizes that people go through a number of stages in their intellectual development. During the first stage, called received knowledge or dualism, people expect knowledge to be handed to them by authority figures ... Keywords: Concepts of programming languages, collaboration, educational tools

Amer Diwan; William M. Waite; Michele H. Jackson; Jacob Dickerson

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

An ERP study of semantic anomalies in second language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study conducts an event-related potential (ERP) study to investigate the temporal neural dynamics of semantic processing in bilinguals. The experiment was done with Korean speakers of English as an L2, divided into two groups depending on their ... Keywords: N400, second language, semantic anomaly, semantic congruency, sentence processing

Jia Miao

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A general extension system for event processing languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Event processing languages (EPLs) for Complex Event Processing (CEP) systems are descriptive in nature. This allows the authoring of event processing applications at a higher level of abstraction. However, they are less suitable for dealing with low- ... Keywords: cep, cql, java

Alexandre De Castro Alves

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A generic language for application-specific flow sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flow records gathered by routers provide valuable coarse-granularity traffic information for several measurement-related network applications. However, due to high volumes of traffic, flow records need to be sampled before they are gathered. Current ... Keywords: application-specific traffic monitoring, flow sampling, language design

Harsha V. Madhyastha; Balachander Krishnamurthy

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

IBDL: a language for interface behavior specification and testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology and language for specifying behaviors of interfaces (a la OMG's IDL, JavaTM, C++, etc.) for object-oriented systems is proposed based on the message-passing paradigm. Signatures of messages are enhanced to include semantic information, ...

Sreenivasa Viswanadha; Deepak Kapur

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

OWL: Capturing Semantic Information using a Standardized Web Ontology Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) was launched in the US and it launched DAML-ONT #12;History Cont.. DAML project joined efforts with OIL Ontology Language History of OWL Characteristics of OWL Applications of OWL #12;SEMANTIC WEB Extension in a distributed environment #12;History of OWL Ontologies existed outside the computer science community

McLeod, Dennis

276

Index structures for efficiently searching natural language text  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many existing indexes on text work at the document granularity and are not effective in answering the class of queries where the desired answer is only a term or a phrase. In this paper, we study some of the index structures that are capable of answering ... Keywords: indexing natural language text, querying performance, wild card queries

Pirooz Chubak; Davood Rafiei

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Grounded discovery of symbols as concept-language pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In human designer usage, symbols have a rich semantics, grounded on experience, which permits flexible usage - e.g. design ideation is improved by meanings triggered by contrastive words. In computational usage however, symbols are syntactic tokens whose ... Keywords: Chunking, Cognition in design, Design symbols, Language learning

Amitabha Mukerjee; Madan Mohan Dabbeeru

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Next steps for security assertion markup language (saml)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) has established itself as one of the most advanced and popular standards in the Identity Federation and Assertion management space. SAML 2.0 has proved to be an almost complete specification, without requiring ... Keywords: SAML, assertion, delegation, federation, identity, liberty alliance, multifactor

Samir Saklikar; Subir Saha

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Multi-style language model for web scale information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web documents are typically associated with many text streams, including the body, the title and the URL that are determined by the authors, and the anchor text or search queries used by others to refer to the documents. Through a systematic large scale ... Keywords: information retrieval, mixture language models, parameter estimation, probabilistic relevance model, smoothing

Kuansan Wang; Xiaolong Li; Jianfeng Gao

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Domain-Specific Languages for Composing Signature Discovery Workflows  

SciTech Connect

Domain-agnostic signature discovery entails investigation across multiple scientific disciplines. The breadth and cross-disciplinary nature of this work requires that existing executables be integrated with new capabilities into workflows, representing a wide range of user tasks. An algorithm may be written in multiple programming languages for various hardware platforms, and so workflow composition requires integrating executables from any number of remote hosts. This raises an engineering issue on how to generate web service wrappers for these heterogeneous executables and to compose them into a scientific workflow environment (e.g., Taverna). In this paper, we introduce two simple Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) to automate these processes. Our Service Description Language (SDL) describes key elements of a signature discovery service and automatically generates its implementation code. The Workflow Description Language (WDL) describes the pipeline of services and generates deployable artifacts for the Taverna workflow management system. We demonstrate our approach with a real-world workflow composed of services wrapping remote executables.

Jacob, Ferosh; Gray, Jeff; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan (Jenny) [Jenny; Baker, Nathan A.

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A natural language query interface to structured information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accessing structured data such as that encoded in ontologies and knowledge bases can be done using either syntactically complex formal query languages like SPARQL or complicated form interfaces that require expensive customisation to each particular ... Keywords: conceptual search, querying, searching, user interfaces

Valentin Tablan; Danica Damljanovic; Kalina Bontcheva

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Natural language technology for information integration in business intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business intelligence requires the collecting and merging of information from many different sources, both structured and unstructured, in order to analyse for example financial risk, operational risk factors, follow trends and perform credit risk management. ... Keywords: business intelligence, information extraction, information fusion, natural language processing, ontology

Diana Maynard; Horacio Saggion; Milena Yankova; Kalina Bontcheva; Wim Peters

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Crowdsourcing research opportunities: lessons from natural language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the field has led to promising early results, the use of crowdsourcing as an integral part of science projects is still regarded with skepticism by some, largely due to a lack of awareness of the opportunities and implications of utilizing these ... Keywords: crowdsourcing, games with a purpose, natural language processing, resource acquisition

Marta Sabou; Kalina Bontcheva; Arno Scharl

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

MCDL: a reduced but extensible multimedia contents description language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia contents are more and more present in our life and their presentation usually rests on a text-based description that defines rules and properties of such contents and is produced by markup description languages (e.g., XML, MPEG7-DDL and SMIL). ... Keywords: MPEG7-DDL, SMIL, contents sychronization, multimedia contents description

M. Furini

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

On Ontology, ontologies, Conceptualizations, Modeling Languages, and (Meta)Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In philosophy, the term ontology has been used since the 17th century to refer both to a philosophical discipline (Ontology with a capital “O”), and as a domain-independent system of categories that can be used in the conceptualization of ... Keywords: Conceptual Modeling, Formal Ontology, Language Adequacy, Metamodeling

Giancarlo Guizzardi

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

PlexC: a policy language for exposure control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the widespread use of online social networks and mobile devices, it is not uncommon for people to continuously broadcast contextual information such as their current location or activity. These technologies present both new opportunities for social ... Keywords: exposure, policy languages, privacy

Yann G. Le Gall; Adam J. Lee; Apu Kapadia

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Information extraction from concise passages of natural language sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will present a semi-automated approach for information extraction for ontology construction. The sources used are short news extracts syndicated online. These are used because they contain short passages which provide information in a concise ... Keywords: POS tagging, knowledge engineering, knowledge extraction, knowledge formalization, named entity recognition, natural language processing, ontology construction, ontology population

Sandi Pohorec; Mateja Verli?; Milan Zorman

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

An application of automated reasoning in natural language question answering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The LogAnswer system is an application of automated reasoning to the field of open domain question answering. In order to find answers to natural language questions regarding arbitrary topics, the system integrates an automated theorem prover in a framework ... Keywords: Question answering, theorem prover

Ulrich Furbach; Ingo Glöckner; Björn Pelzer

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Natural Language User Interface for SemanticWeb Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that completely hides the complexity of interpreting search terms into queries. Christian Kaiser Ginseng generic natural language search engine while the for- mer had to be entered in the train company`s own-text indexing search engines. Another goal concerns the graphical user interface: Users must be able to enter

Glinz, Martin

290

EXPLORER: A Natural Language Processing System for Oil Exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXPLORER: A Natural Language Processing System for Oil Exploration Wendy G. Lehnert Department", whereas the second time "show" is used it has a technical meaning (i.e., an indicator of oil or gas Steven P. Shwartz Cognitive Systems Inc. 234 Church Street New Haven, Ct. 06510 EXPLORER (Lehnert

291

Computational Thinking: Languages and Computation Prof. Brigitte Pientka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Thinking: Languages and Computation Prof. Brigitte Pientka School of Computer Science McGill University Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes. ­ E. Dijkstra #12;A grand vision "Computational Thinking will be a fundamental skill used by everyone

Pientka, Brigitte

292

The Arizona Home Language Survey and the Identification of Students for ELL Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised 8/17/10 THE ARIZONA HOME LANGUAGE SURVEY AND THEThe Arizona Home Language Survey: The Identification ofRevised 8/17/10 THE ARIZONA HOME LANGUAGE SURVEY AND THE

Goldenberg, Claude; Quach, Sara Rutherford

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Arabic Lexical Contributions to the English Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Arabic lexical contributions to the English language (2nd ed.) contains extensive additions to the main entries and their data from the original 1994 edition by Harrassowitz Verlag of Wiesbaden. It continues Cannon’s series on loans into English, refining the principles and procedures developed in the preceding German, Arabic, and Japanese books, and comprehensive articles on Mandarin Chinese, Malaysian, Spanish Turkish, and Welsh loans in English. The chief purpose is to advance the historical study of comprehensive, mainly lexical borrowing between languages in contact. The ancillary purpose is to show how a collected corpus of loans can shed light on multiple disciplines and the cultures represented therein. This wide-ranging 2007 book is the largest, most up-to-date collection of English words and multiword lexical units borrowed from Arabic, directly or sometimes through a mediating language such as Hindi or Urdu, Persian, or Turkish. All general English dictionaries were searched, particularly relying on electronic retrieval from the second edition of the Oxford English dictionary, Random House Webster’s unabridged dictionary, New shorter Oxford English dictionary, and Webster’s third international dictionary of the English language (W3’s two earlier editions were manually searched, as were smaller general collections, new-word collections, and college editions). Each dictionary entry gives its first known recorded date in written English, its semantic field, any modern variant forms and labels, etymology including ‘native’ and English meaning(s) in historical order when determinable, derivative forms including functional shifts and compounds, sometimes a grammatical note, the principal symbolized sources where the loan is recorded, and the degree of naturalization based on the procedure developed by Cannon. The Introduction and an essay that analyzes the loans by history and semantics are mainly reproduced from the 1994 edition, treating the 35 semantic fields so as to throw light on the individual field and make the book useful for specialists in religion, cloth(ing), the military, politics, rugs, botany, language, and linguistics, ethnology, etc. So is the final essay, which analyzes the data linguistically, with special attention to language sources, grammar, and variant forms, in order to cast more light on how languages interact and ultimately influence each other’s culture.

Cannon, Garland; Kaye, Alan S.

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

294

Ideology in the discourse of Montreal-based private language schools' websites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Canadian language training sector is a booming industry for those interested in capitalizing on the worldwide demand for English, such as private language schools.… (more)

Abrile, Juan.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The Role of Embodied Manual Action in Second Language Word Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CRUZ THE ROLE OF EMBODIED MANUAL ACTION IN SECOND LANGUAGETHE ROLE OF EMBODIED MANUAL ACTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE WORDvi The Role of Embodied Manual Action in Second Language

Morett, Laura

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Learning the Language of Nature to Save our Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Learning the Language of Nature to Save our Future Learning the Language of Nature to Save our Future Speaker(s): Eugene Tssui Date: June 25, 2012 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas McKone During this seminar, Eugene will take us through an insightful journey of the dire ecologicial issues of the planet, his currently practiced issues of change in human behavior, the shortcomings of conventional design, a brief review of nature's working organisms and principles and examples of his built, and preparing-to-be-built, architecture, that expresses the profound intelligence and multi-dimensional resourcefulness of nature. He will show us his ZED (Zero Energy Dwelling) which uses no electricity, and the design of the Coram Deo Floating Island, planned for the Carribean, using concrete leeched from sea water, an apartment complex, in China, for

297

An X11 Toolkit Based on the Tcl Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a new toolkit for X11 called Tk. The overall functions provided by Tk are similar to those of the standard toolkit Xt. However, Tk is implemented using Tcl, a lightweight interpretive command language. This means that Tk's functions are available not just from C code compiled into the application but also via Tcl commands issued dynamically while the application runs. Tcl commands are used for binding keystrokes and other events to application-specific actions, for creating and configuring widgets, and for dealing with geometry managers and the selection. The use of an interpretive language means that any aspect of the user interface may be changed dynamically while an application executes. It also means that many interesting applications can be created without writing any new C code, simply by writing Tcl scripts for existing applications. Furthermore, Tk provides a special send command that allows any Tk-based application to invoke Tcl commands in any other Tk-b...

John Ousterhout Computer; John K. Ousterhout

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

SOPHIA: a Modeling Language for Model-Based Safety Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of increasingly more sophisticated safety-critical embedded systems requires new paradigms, since manual approaches are reaching their limits. Experiences have shown that model-driven engineering is an approach that can overcome many of these limitations. Using model-based approaches however lead to new challenges regarding the cohesive integration of both safety engineering and system design along the system development process. In this paper, we present SOPHIA, a modelling language that formalizes safety-related concepts and their relations with system modelling constructs. We particularly focus on accident models and on how to achieve confidence that the frequency of possible accidents will be tolerable. In addition, we explore some strategies to implement SOPHIA as a complementary modelling language to SysML and reuse some useful constructs form the UML MARTE profile.

Daniela Cancila; Francois Terrier; Fabien Belmonte; Hubert Dubois; Huascar Espinoza; Sébastien Gérard; Arnaud Cuccuru

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The Quantum Challenge in Concept Theory and Natural Language Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mathematical formalism of quantum theory has been successfully used in human cognition to model decision processes and to deliver representations of human knowledge. As such, quantum cognition inspired tools have improved technologies for Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval. In this paper, we overview the quantum cognition approach developed in our Brussels team during the last two decades, specifically our identification of quantum structures in human concepts and language, and the modeling of data from psychological and corpus-text-based experiments. We discuss our quantum-theoretic framework for concepts and their conjunctions/disjunctions in a Fock-Hilbert space structure, adequately modeling a large amount of data collected on concept combinations. Inspired by this modeling, we put forward elements for a quantum contextual and meaning-based approach to information technologies in which 'entities of meaning' are inversely reconstructed from texts, which are considered as traces of these entities' states.

Diederik Aerts; Jan Broekaert; Sandro Sozzo; Tomas Veloz

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

300

Language Embedding by Dual Compilation and State Mirroring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience with the BinPro­ log Tcl/Tk interface. Compilation by each side, that targets the other's syntax programming environment to Prolog systems. The popular Tcl/Tk visual language by John Ousterhout [2­processor interaction model we will re­ port how it has been applied to an interface between BinProlog [3], and Tcl/Tk

Tarau, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A visual language for color-based painting retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of large image databases is emphasizing the relevance of filters, which permit one to focus on a small subset of data. Visual specification of such filters provides a natural way to express content-oriented queries. To support a high ... Keywords: art, color arrangement, color quality, color semantics, color-based painting retrieval, content-oriented queries, data subsets, expressiveness, filters, grammar, large image databases, symbolic representation, visual language, visual querying paradigm, visual specification

J. M. Corridoni; A. Del Bimbo; S. De Magistris; E. Vicario

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Language Specific Issue and Feature Exploration in Chinese Event Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a Chinese event extraction system. We point out a language specific issue in Chinese trigger labeling, and then commit to discussing the contributions of lexical, syntactic and semantic features applied in trigger labeling and argument labeling. As a result, we achieved competitive performance, specifically, F-measure of 59.9 in trigger labeling and F-measure of 43.8 in argument labeling. 1

Zheng Chen; Heng Ji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Quality in use of domain-specific languages: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) are claimed to increment productivity, while reducing the required maintenance and programming expertise. In this context, DSLs usability is a key factor for its successful adoption. In this paper, we propose a systematic ... Keywords: domain-specific languages, experimental software engineering, language evaluation, software language engineering, usability

Ankica Bariši?; Vasco Amaral; Miguel Goulão; Bruno Barroca

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Computerized Games and Simulations in Computer-Assisted Language Learning: A Meta-Analysis of Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article explores research on the use of computerized games and simulations in language education. The author examined the psycholinguistic and sociocultural constructs proposed as a basis for the use of games and simulations in computer-assisted ... Keywords: CALL, MMORPG, MOO, computer-assisted language learning, computerized game, computerized simulation, effective language learning, gaming, meta-analysis, psycholinguistic construct, research, second language acquisition, simulation, sociocultural construct, theories of language acquisition, virtual world

Mark Peterson

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A comparative study of six French-language Web directories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper presents a comparative study of six French-language Web directories (MSN, Nomade, Open Directory, Voila, Voila Pages Perso and Yahoo). The study focuses on the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the organization of these directories, and on the way in which they describe sites. It reveals a wide variety of structures, content and organizational principles. In this respect, Web directories do not correspond to classic theories of classification. They highlight the difficulty of proposing a structured representation of the heterogeneous content of the Web. 1.

Houssem Assadi; Thomas Beauvisage

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications  

SciTech Connect

This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

CDuce: An XML-Centric General-Purpose Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the functional language CDuce, discuss some design issues, and show its adequacy for working with XML documents. Distinctive features of CDuce are a powerful pattern matching, first class functions, overloaded functions, a very rich type system (arrows, sequences, pairs, records, intersections, unions, differences), precise type inference for patterns and error localization, and a natural interpretation of types as sets of values. We also outline some important implementation issues; in particular, a dispatch algorithm that demonstrates how static type information can be used to obtain very efficient compilation schemas.

Véronique Benzaken; Giuseppe Castagna; Alain Frisch

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Popularity, Interoperability, and Impact of Programming Languages in 100,000 Open Source Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Programming languages have been proposed even before the era of the modern computer. As years have gone, computer resources have increased and application domains have expanded, leading to the proliferation of hundreds of programming languages, each attempting to improve over others or to address new programming paradigms. These languages range from procedural languages like C, objectoriented languages like Java, and functional languages such as ML and Haskell. Unfortunately, there is a lack of large scale and comprehensive studies that examine the “popularity”, “interoperability”, and “impact ” of various programming languages. To fill this gap, this study investigates a hundred thousands of open source software projects from GitHub to answer various research questions on the “popularity”, “interoperability ” and “impact ” of various languages measured in different ways (e.g., in terms of lines of code, development teams, issues, etc.). Keywords-Programming languages; Popularity; Interoperability; Open source; Software projects; GitHub

Tegawendé F. Bissy; Ferdian Thung; David Lo; Lingxiao Jiang; Laurent Réveillère

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Reliable Natural Language Interface to Household Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“I have always wished that my computer would be as easy to use as my telephone. My wish has come true. I no longer know how to use my telephone.” – Bjarne Stroustrop (originator of C++) As household appliances grow in complexity and sophistication, they become harder and harder to use, particularly because of their tiny display screens and limited keyboards. This paper describes a strategy for building natural language interfaces to appliances that circumvents these problems. Our approach leverages decades of research on planning and natural language interfaces to databases by reducing the appliance problem to the database problem; the reduction provably maintains desirable properties of the database interface. The paper goes on to describe the implementation and evaluation of the EXACT interface to appliances, which is based on this reduction. EXACT maps each English user request to an SQL query, which is transformed to create a PDDL goal, and uses the Blackbox planner [13] to map the planning problem to a sequence of appliance commands that satisfy the original request. Both theoretical arguments and experimental evaluation show that EXACT is highly reliable.

Alexander Yates

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Development of Parsing Tools for CASL using Generic Language Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An environment for the Common Algebraic Specification Language CASL consists of several independent tools. A number of CASL tools have been built using the algebraic speci cation formalism ASF+SDF and the ASF+SDF Meta-Environment. CASL supports user-defined syntax which is non-trivial to process: ASF+SDF offers a powerful parsing technology (Generalized LR). Its interactive development environment facilitates rapid prototyping complemented by early detection and correction of errors. A number of core technologies developed for the ASF+SDF Meta-Environment can be reused in the context of CASL. Furthermore, an instantiation of a generic format developed for the representation of ASF+SDF specifications and terms provides a CASL-specific exchange format.

Mark Van Den Brand; Jeroen Scheerder

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

vlogsl: a strategy language for simulation-based verification of hardware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Languages such as SystemVerilog and e play an important role in contemporary hardware verification methodology. Through direct, language-level support for notions like constrained randoms, functional coverage, assertions, and so forth, they help ...

Michael Katelman; José Meseguer

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Are Scripting Languages Any Good? A Validation of Perl, Python, Rexx, and Tcl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Are Scripting Languages Any Good? A Validation of Perl, Python, Rexx, and Tcl against C, C, Python, Rexx, Tcl) are more productive than conventional languages. In terms of run time and memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.5 Tcl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3

Prechelt, Lutz

313

Large lexicons for natural language processing: utilising the grammar coding system of LDOCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article focusses on the derivation of large lexicons for natural language processing. We describe the development of a dictionary support environment linking a restructured version of the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English to natural language ...

Bran Boguraev; Ted Briscoe

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Creative language retrieval: a robust hybrid of information retrieval and linguistic creativity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information retrieval (IR) and figurative language processing (FLP) could scarcely be more different in their treatment of language and meaning. IR views language as an open-ended set of mostly stable signs with which texts can be indexed and retrieved, ...

Tony Veale

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Exploring a corpus-based approach for detecting language impairment in monolingual English-speaking children  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objectives: This paper explores the use of an automated method for analyzing narratives of monolingual English speaking children to accurately predict the presence or absence of a language impairment. The goal is to exploit corpus-based approaches inspired ... Keywords: Analysis of orthographic transcriptions, Language impairment, Machine learning, Monolingual English-speaking children, Natural language processing

Keyur Gabani; Thamar Solorio; Yang Liu; Khairun-nisa Hassanali; Christine A. Dollaghan

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Exploring social structure effect on language evolution based on a computational model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compositionality-regularity coevolution model is adopted to explore the effect of social structure on language emergence and maintenance. Based on this model, we explore language evolution in three experiments, and discuss the role of a popular agent ... Keywords: computational simulation, language evolution, power-law distribution, social structure

Tao Gong; James W. Minett; William S. -Y. Wang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A domain specific language to define gestures for multi-touch applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is increasingly common for software and hardware systems to support touch-based interaction. While the technology to support this interaction is still evolving, common protocols for providing consistent communication between hardware and software ... Keywords: TouchToolkit, domain specific language, domain-specific language, gesture, gesture definition language (GDL), multi-touch, multi-user, touch interaction

Shahedul Huq Khandkar; Frank Maurer

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Computational investigation of early child language acquisition using multimodal neural networks: a review of three models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current opinion suggests that language is a cognitive process in which different modalities such as perceptual entities, communicative intentions and speech are inextricably linked. As such, the process of child language acquisition is one in which the ... Keywords: Child language acquisition, Computational model, Control system, Neural network

Abel Nyamapfene

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Evolving a language in and for the real world: C++ 1991-2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines the history of the C++ programming language from the early days of its ISO standardization (1991), through the 1998 ISO standard, to the later stages of the C++0x revision of that standard (2006). The emphasis is on the ideals, constraints, ... Keywords: C++, ISO, STL, evolution, history, language use, libraries, multi-paradigm programming, programming language, standardization

Bjarne Stroustrup

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Domain-specific languages and program generation with meta-AspectJ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meta-AspectJ (MAJ) is a language for generating AspectJ programs using code templates. MAJ itself is an extension of Java, so users can interleave arbitrary Java code with AspectJ code templates. MAJ is a structured metaprogramming tool: a well-typed ... Keywords: Metaprogramming, domain-specific languages, language extensions, program synthesis, program transformation, program verification

Shan Shan Huang; David Zook; Yannis Smaragdakis

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Component-Oriented Programming Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Component-Oriented Programming Languages: Messages vs. Methods, Modules vs. Types Peter H. Fr 92697-3425, USA Acknowledgements Joint research with Dr. Michael Franz. Component-Oriented Programming Languages Slide 1 #12;Overview · Trend towards component-oriented programming languages. · Essential

Fröhlich, Peter

322

Applying the UFO ontology to design an agent-oriented engineering language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of designing suitable conceptual modeling languages for system engineering is far from being solved. In the past years, some works have proposed the use of foundational ontologies as analysis tools to enable semantic coherence when (re)designing ... Keywords: agent-oriented engineering language, conceptual modeling languages design, foundational ontologies, model-driven architecture

Renata S. S. Guizzardi; Giancarlo Guizzardi

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Plain Language: A Commitment to Writing You Can Understand | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plain Language: A Commitment to Writing You Can Understand Plain Language: A Commitment to Writing You Can Understand Plain Language: A Commitment to Writing You Can Understand The Plain Writing Act of 2010 requires federal agencies to write "clear Government communication that the public can understand and use." President Obama also emphasized the importance of establishing "a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration" in his January 21, 2009, Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government. We here at the Department of Energy are committed to writing new documents in plain language by October 2011, using the Federal Plain Language Guidelines. We have assigned staff to oversee our plain language efforts: Michael Coogan, Plain Language Contact We're training our employees and have strengthened our oversight process.

324

Inclusion of English language learners in conversion small schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small school reform is an increasingly popular reform in urban comprehensive high schools. Efforts to divide large high schools into small school groups have been funded by The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation as well as by the Coalition of Essential Schools (CES). The Coalition of Essential Schools is a network of small schools that adhere to similar educational ideologies such as the desirability to provide inclusive educational environments. CES promotes inclusion as a means to equitable and democratic education. This study explains the tensions the philosophy and practice of inclusion has produced concerning English language learner (ELL) programs in conversion small schools. This study investigates (a) the ways in which ELL programs in conversion small schools have supported inclusive education, (b) the ways small school inclusion has affected ELL programs, and (c) the impact inclusion philosophy in conversion small schools on inclusive and equitable instruction for ELL students. Through a multi-case qualitative study including interviews and observations, the contexts for the ELL programs in three different conversion schools are investigated and described. The data shows that none of the ELL programs investigated have been able to fully support instructional inclusion either due to a lack of belief in the efficacy of inclusion or a lack of resources. Small school inclusion has affected ELL programs differently in each school. At one school, the ELL program felt almost no effects of the conversion. At another, the program is radically different than previous to the conversion. Third, inclusive and equitable instruction for ELL students in conversion small schools, even in the best case, is happening only in some classes. Due to a lack of resources, no ELL program has been able to implement inclusion as a programmatic reform. Finally, the impetus to involve ELL students in inclusion programs is highly influenced by special education policies rather than by legislation overseeing ELLs. The study concludes that inclusion is understood and practiced differently at each site. At the sites where any type of inclusion was practiced, teachers reported that inclusion provided ELL students with more social than academic benefits.

Plett, Bethany Joy

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

A Grammar of Bantawa : grammar, paradigm tables, glossary and texts of a Rai language of Eastern Nepal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation provides a comprehensive overview of the grammar of Bantawa, a Kiranti (Rai) language spoken in Eastern Nepal. Bantawa is an SOV language featuring… (more)

Doornenbal, Marius Albert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A database approach to information retrieval: The remarkable relationship between language models and region models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report, we unify two quite distinct approaches to information retrieval: region models and language models. Region models were developed for structured document retrieval. They provide a well-defined behaviour as well as a simple query language that allows application developers to rapidly develop applications. Language models are particularly useful to reason about the ranking of search results, and for developing new ranking approaches. The unified model allows application developers to define complex language modeling approaches as logical queries on a textual database. We show a remarkable one-to-one relationship between region queries and the language models they represent for a wide variety of applications: simple ad-hoc search, cross-language retrieval, video retrieval, and web search.

Hiemstra, Djoerd

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Outfix-free regular languages and prime outfix-free decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A string x is an outfix of a string y if there is a string w such that x1wx2 = y, wherex = x1x2 and a set X of strings is outfix-free if no string in X is an outfix of any other string in X. We examine the outfix-free regular languages. Based on the properties of outfix strings, we develop a polynomial-time algorithm that determines the outfix-freeness of regular languages. We consider two cases: A language is given as a set of strings and a language is given by an acyclic deterministic finite-state automaton. Furthermore, we investigate the prime outfix-free decomposition of outfix-free regular languages and design a linear-time prime outfix-free decomposition algorithm for outfix-free regular languages. We demonstrate the uniqueness of prime outfix-free decomposition.

Yo-sub Han; Derick Wood

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE The Modular Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was developed to promote consistency throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). The Modular CRADA presents DOE- approved language, approved optional language, and guidance for each article. 2 CONTENTS Introduction 4 Negotiating and Approving CRADAs .......................................................................................................... 5 The Importance of Teamwork and Communication ..................................................................................... 5 ARTICLE I: DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................................ 8

329

Revising the worksheet with L3: a language and environment for user-script interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. J. K. Ousterhout, Tcl and the Tk Toolkit, Addison Wesley,languages, including Tcl [1], Lua [2], and Python [3], as

Hohn, Michael H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Pattern-Oriented Software Architecture: A Pattern Language for Distributed Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing a guide to the best practices in key areas of distributed computing, this book describes a single pattern language that links many patterns relevant to distributed computing.

Frank Buschmann; Kevlin Henney; Douglas Schmidt

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Trading off Complexity for Expressiveness in Programming Languages for Embedded Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-specific language that permits to define WDTs in a few lines of code. This allows an easy comparison of the amount

332

Factors Impacting University-Level Language Teachers' Technology Use and Integration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite the documented affordances of technology to enhance language teaching and learning, technology use does not seem to be normalized just yet. This dissertation investigates… (more)

Karabulut, Aliye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Visual language recognition with a feed-forward network of spiking neurons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analogy is made and exploited between the recognition of visual objects and language parsing. A subset of regular languages is used to define a one-dimensional 'visual' language, in which the words are translational and scale invariant. This allows an exploration of the viewpoint invariant languages that can be solved by a network of concurrent, hierarchically connected processors. A language family is defined that is hierarchically tiling system recognizable (HREC). As inspired by nature, an algorithm is presented that constructs a cellular automaton that recognizes strings from a language in the HREC family. It is demonstrated how a language recognizer can be implemented from the cellular automaton using a feed-forward network of spiking neurons. This parser recognizes fixed-length strings from the language in parallel and as the computation is pipelined, a new string can be parsed in each new interval of time. The analogy with formal language theory allows inferences to be drawn regarding what class of objects can be recognized by visual cortex operating in purely feed-forward fashion and what class of objects requires a more complicated network architecture.

Rasmussen, Craig E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garrett, Kenyan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sottile, Matthew [GALOIS; Shreyas, Ns [INDIANA UNIV.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The Application of Trend Following Strategies in Stock Market Trading Simon Fong, Jackie Tai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

moves without regards to the past price performance. In contrast with most prediction tools that stemmed use this approach can use current market price calculation, moving averages and channel breakouts following strategy do not aim to forecast or predict markets; they simply jump on the trend and ride it

Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

335

The when, why and why not of the BETA programming language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tells the story of the development of BETA: a programming language with just one abstraction mechanism, instead of one abstraction mechanism for each kind of program element (classes, types, procedures, functions, etc.). The paper explains ... Keywords: history of programming, object-oriented analysis, object-oriented design, object-oriented modeling, object-oriented programming, programming languages

Bent Bruun Kristensen; Ole Lehrmann Madsen; Birger Møller-Pedersen

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Using the web for automated translation extraction in cross-language information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There have been significant advances in Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) in recent years. One of the major remaining reasons that CLIR does not perform as well as monolingual retrieval is the presence of out of vocabulary (OOV) terms. Previous ... Keywords: OOV problem, cross-language IR, query translation

Ying Zhang; Phil Vines

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Neurolinguistic approach to natural language processing with applications to medical text analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding written or spoken language presumably involves spreading neural activation in the brain. This process may be approximated by spreading activation in semantic networks, providing enhanced representations that involve concepts not found directly ... Keywords: Medical ontologies, Natural language processing, Semantic networks, Spreading activation networks, Vector models in NLP

W?odzis?aw Duch; Pawe? Matykiewicz; John Pestian

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

University of Newcastle upon Tyne Understanding programming language concepts via Operational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, NE1 7RU, England. #12;Bibliographical details JONES, C. B. Understanding programming language" in that same paper. There are many useful texts [Gor79,Gor88,Hen90,NN92,Win93]; books which also look a language, one needs to know what are its valid "texts". The concern with the content (as opposed

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

339

Prototype of a second language writing tool for French speakers writing in English  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Language tools that help people with their writing are now usually included in today's word processors. Although these various tools provide increasing support to native speakers of a language, they are much less useful to non-native speakers who are ...

Etienne Cornu; Natalie Kübler; Franck Bodmer; François Grosjean; Lysiane Grosjean; Nicolas Léwy; Cornelia Tschichold; Corinne Tschumi

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Towards a cascade of morpho-syntactic tools for arabic natural language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a cascade of morpho-syntactic tools to deal with Arabic natural language processing. It begins with the description of a large coverage formalization of the Arabic lexicon. The built electronic dictionary, named "El-DicAr", which ... Keywords: NooJ linguistic platform, agglutinative morphology, arabic language, automatic vocalization, lexical analysis, named entities recognition

Slim Mesfar

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Toward a cyber-physical topology language: applications to NERC CIP audit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our Cyber-Physical Topology Language (CPTL) provides a language that utilities can use to programmatically analyze current and future cyber-physical architectures. The motivation for our research emerged from the importance and limitations of several ... Keywords: NERC CIP, audit, graph theory

Gabriel A. Weaver, Carmen Cheh, Edmond J. Rogers, William H. Sanders, Dennis Gammel

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Computational modeling of phonetic and lexical learning in early language acquisition: Existing models and future directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work reviews a number of existing computational studies concentrated on the question of how spoken language can be learned from continuous speech in the absence of linguistically or phonetically motivated background knowledge, a situation faced ... Keywords: Computer simulation, Distributional learning, Language acquisition, Lexical learning, Phonetic learning

Okko RäSäNen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Aspect-Oriented Programming with the e Verification Language: A Pragmatic Guide for Testbench Developers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What's this AOP thing anyway, really--when you get right down to it--and can someone please explain what an aspect actually is?Aspect-Oriented Programming with the e Verification Language takes a pragmatic, example based, and fun approach ... Keywords: Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Computers, Network Hardware, Programming Languages

David Robinson

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Answering natural language queries over linked data graphs: a distributional semantics approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates Treo, a natural language query mechanism for Linked Data graphs. The approach uses a distributional semantic vector space model to semantically match user query terms with data, supporting vocabulary-independent (or ... Keywords: distributional-compositional semantics, knowledge graphs, natural language queries, schema-agnostic queries, semantic search

André Freitas; Fabrício F. de Faria; Seán O'Riain; Edward Curry

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Translation enhancement: a new relevance feedback method for cross-language information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As an effective technique for improving retrieval effectiveness, relevance feedback (RF) has been widely studied in both monolingual and cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) settings. The studies of RF in CLIR have been focused on query expansion ... Keywords: cross-language information retrieval, query expansion, relevance feedback, translation enhancement

Daqing He; Dan Wu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

SafeCap Domain Language for Reasoning about Safety and Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The on-going UK SAFECAP project develops modeling techniques and tools for improving railway capacity while ensuring that safety standards are maintained. This paper reports recent SAFECAP results on designing a Domain Specific Language (DSL) that will ... Keywords: railway modelling, formal verification, domain language, route-based signalling, safety

Alexei Iliasov; Alexander Romanovsky

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Anatomic and electro-physiologic connectivity of the language system: A combined DTI-CCEP study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here we present a novel multimodal analysis of network connectivity in the language system. We assessed connectivity of Broca's area using tractography with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and with cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs) to measure ... Keywords: Arcuate fasciculus, Articulation, Broca's area, Connectivity, Cortico-cortical evoked potentials, Diffusion-weighted MRI, Epilepsy, Intracranial stimulation, Language, Phonation

Christopher R. Conner; Timothy M. Ellmore; Michael A. DiSano; Thomas A. Pieters; Andrew W. Potter; Nitin Tandon

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

KScript and KSWorld: a time-aware and mostly declarative language and interactive GUI framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on a language called KScript and a GUI framework called KSWorld. The goal of KScript and KSWorld is to try to reduce the accidental complexity in GUI framework code and application building. We aim for an understandable, concise way to specify ... Keywords: data-flow language, exploratory programming

Yoshiki Ohshima, Aran Lunzer, Bert Freudenberg, Ted Kaehler

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

From Monkey Alarm Calls to Human Language: How Simulations Can Fill the Gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of alarm calling behavior in putty-nosed monkeys are suggestive of a link with human language evolution. However, as is often the case in studies of animal behavior and cognition, competing theories are underdetermined by the available data. ... Keywords: alarm calls, communication, evolution, individual-based modeling, language, primates

Jason Noble; J.P. De Ruiter; Kate Arnold

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Modeling with Plato: the unified modeling language in a cultural context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present our experience in building and lecturing an interdisciplinary CS course aimed at teaching the Unified Modeling Language (UML) in a cultural context. Combining modeling concepts and ideas brought from philosophy and history of ... Keywords: humanistic informatics, modeling, unified modeling language (UML)

Luis de-Marcos; Fernando Flores; José-Javier Martínez

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A Survey of Languages for Specifying Dynamics: A Knowledge Engineering Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract¿During the last years, a number of formal specification languages for knowledge-based systems has been developed. Characteristics for knowledge-based systems are a complex knowledge base and an inference engine which uses this knowledge to solve ... Keywords: Specification languages, knowledge-based systems, dynamics, inference control, update logics.

Pascal van Eck; Joeri Engelfriet; Dieter Fensel; Frank van Harmelen; Yde Venema; Mark Willems

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition Yo-Sub Han and Derick Wood and a set X of strings is outfix-free if no string in X is an outfix of any other string in X. We examine the outfix-free regular languages. Based on the properties of outfix strings, we develop a polynomial

Han, Yo-Sub

353

The intentional relationship of representation between the constructs of a language and reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Specifications of conceptualisations (ontologies) are often employed for representing reality, both in knowledge representation and software engineering. While languages offer sophisticated constructs and rigorous semantics for building conceptual entities, ... Keywords: Conceptual modelling (7), Knowledge representation techniques, Language definition (19.1), Ontologies (26)

José M. Cañete-Valdeón; Francisco J. Galán; Miguel Toro

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Pounamu: A meta-tool for exploratory domain-specific visual language tool development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain-specific visual language tools have become important in many domains of software engineering and end user development. However building such tools is very challenging with a need for multiple views of information and multi-user support, the ability ... Keywords: Domain-specific languages, Meta-CASE, Meta-tools, Visual design environments

Nianping Zhu; John Grundy; John Hosking; Na Liu; Shuping Cao; Akhil Mehra

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Compilation, Synthesis, and Simulation of Hardware Description Languages - The Compositional Models of HDL's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compilation, Synthesis, and Simulation of Hardware Description Languages --- The Compositional Models of HDL's by Szu-Tsung Cheng Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science University of California, Berkeley Professor Robert K. Brayton, Chair With the advent of advanced CAD tools, people are now able to design multimillion gate chips. Generally, each of these tools has its specific view and model of the world. To represent designs in such a way that tools can understand and manipulate them, one needs to use certain languages. Hardware Description Languages (HDLs) like Verilog or VHDL are developed as description languages or simulator programming languages to describe the behavior of circuits at various abstraction levels. However, they suffer from the fact that they are based on the event-driven model, which does not match well with the Finite State Machine (FSM) model which is used by lots of synthesis, cycle-simulation, or verification engines. Therefore, one needs to maintain multi...

Szu-Tsung Cheng; Szu-tsung Cheng; Szu-tsung Cheng

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to examine the links between family background and home language factors on English reading achievement among bi/multilingual students. To explore the potential predictors of English reading achievement among bi/multilinguals, the study included literacy related resource, family socio-economic status (SES), and immigration status as constructs for family background; while for home language factors, the study looked at the orthography of home language, language preference, and multilingualism. Additionally, the study assessed the roles of school level factors (i.e., low SES students and English language learners in school) on school reading performance. The International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievement’s Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (IEA – PIRLS, 2006) data of Singaporean fourth grade students were used. The data were potentially nested, therefore, the models formulated in this study had multilevel structures, student- and school-levels. The results indicated that number of children’s books at home was the strongest predictor among other family background variables including parental education. However, having children’s books in English had a very small influence on English reading scores of the bi/multilingual students. More interestingly, the study found that parental immigration status did not influence students’ English reading scores. Looking at home language factors, the study found that the orthography of home language linked to English reading. Importantly, the study found that Malay language, which shares the same orthography with English (i.e., alphabetic), showed the strongest link to the students’ English reading achievement. Other variables of home language did not significantly predict English reading after controlling for parental education.

Yulia, Astri

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Foreign language learning in Second Life and the implications for resource provision in academic libraries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

communication in SL happens via voice chat, text chat and instant messaging. Mishan (2007) has written an interesting essay on online chat. Online chat is not necessarily a component of a foreign language class but it could be if so required. It has a role... with informal language. It is a creative way of 2 It is the researcher’s own experience that 9 years of learning English as a second language in a traditional classroom setting is a very good grounding with a big...

Hundsberger, Stefanie

358

Introducing the PilGRIM: a processor for executing lazy functional languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Processor designs specialized for functional languages received very little attention in the past 20 years. The potential for exploiting more parallelism and the developments in hardware technology, ask for renewed investigation of this topic. In this ...

Arjan Boeijink; Philip K. F. Hölzenspies; Jan Kuper

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Semantic spaces : behavior, language and word learning in the Human Speechome corpus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Human Speechome Project is an unprecedented attempt to record, analyze and understand the process of language acquisition. It is composed of over 90,000 hours of video and 150,000 hours of audio, capturing roughly 80% ...

Miller, Matthew Adam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Filet-o-fish: practical and dependable domain-specific languages for OS development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address a persistent problem with using domain-specific languages to write operating systems: the effort of implementing, checking, and debugging the DSL usually outweighs any of its benefits. Because these DSLs generate C by templated string concatenation, ...

Pierre-Evariste Dagand; Andrew Baumann; Timothy Roscoe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Filet-o-Fish: practical and dependable domain-specific languages for OS development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address a persistent problem with using domain-specific languages to write operating systems: the effort of implementing, checking, and debugging the DSL usually outweighs any of its benefits. Because these DSLs generate C by templated string concatenation, ...

Pierre-Evariste Dagand; Andrew Baumann; Timothy Roscoe

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Novel estimation methods for unsupervised discovery of latent structure in natural language text  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This thesis is about estimating probabilistic models to uncover useful hidden structure in data; specifically, we address the problem of discovering syntactic structure in natural language text. We present three new parameter estimation techniques that ...

Noah Ashton Smith / Jason Eisner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

DGRC AskCal: natural language question answering for energy time series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even quite sophisticated users can experience difficulty navigating large collections of data to locate the answers to their queries. We describe AskCal, a system that employs natural language processing, an ontology, a query planner, and various feedback ...

Andrew Philpot; Jose Luis Ambite; Eduard Hovy

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Knowledge-centric and language independent framework for safety analysis tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a knowledge-centric and language independent framework and its application to develop safety analysis tools for avionics systems. A knowledge-centric approach is important to address domain-specific needs, with respect to the types ...

S. C. Kothari; Luke Bishop; Jeremias Sauceda; Gary Daugherty

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

CARAMEL: a flexible model for interaction between the cognitive processes underlying natural language understanding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a general natural language processing system called CARAMEL (in French: Compréhension Automatique de Récits, Apprentissage et Modélisation des Échanges Langagiers). Over the last few years our ...

Gérard Sabah

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

The simple core and the complex periphery of natural language a formal and a computational view  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A complex procedure of syntactic annotation of a large text corpus may be helpful in checking a rich descriptive framework (the Praguian Functional Generative Description) that makes it possible to distinguish between the core of natural language, structured ...

Petr Sgall; Alena Böhmová

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Process Control System (PCS), Distributed Control System (DCS), etc. generally refer to the systems which control, monitor, and manage the nation's critical infrastructures such as electric power generators, subway systems, dams, telecommunication systems, natural gas pipelines, and many others. Simply stated, a control system gathers information and then performs a function based on established parameters or information it received. Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 More Documents & Publications AMI System Security Requirements - v1_01-1

368

Productive High Performance Parallel Programming with Auto-tuned Domain-Specific Embedded Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C and C++”. In: USENIX Tcl/Tk Workshop. TCLTK’96. Monterey,2006, pp. 325–335. [107] Tcl Developer Site. 2012. URL :scripting languages include Tcl [107], Perl [108], Python [

Kamil, Shoaib Ashraf

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The pragmatics of software agents: analysis and design of agent communication languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern ACLs, such as FIPA ACL, provide standardised catalogues of performatives and protocols, designed as general purpose languages to ensure interoperability among agent systems. However, recent work reports a need for new ad-hoc sets of performatives ...

Juan Manuel Serrano; Sascha Ossowski; Alberto Fernández

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

RegReg: a Lightweight Generator of Robust Parsers for Irregular Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In reverse engineering, parsing may be partially doneto extract lightweight source models. Parsing code containing preprocessing directives, syntactical errors andembedded languages is a difficult task using context-freegrammars. Several researchers ...

Mario Latendresse

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

A Virtual Machine for a Type-omega Denotational Proof Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I designed and implemented a virtual machine (VM) for a monomorphic variant of Athena, a type-omega denotational proof language (DPL). This machine attempts to maintain the minimum state required to ...

III, Teodoro Arvizo

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Making a fast curry: push/enter vs. eval/apply for higher-order languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Higher-order languages that encourage currying are typically implemented using one of two basic evaluation models: push/enter or eval/apply. Implementors use their intuition and qualitative judgements to choose one model or the other. Our ...

Simon Marlow; Simon Peyton Jones

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

On language equations XXK = XXL and XM = N over a unary alphabet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the recently discovered computational universality in systems of language equations over a unary alphabet occurs already in systems of the simplest form, with one unknown X and two equations XXK = XXL and XM = N, ...

Tommi Lehtinen; Alexander Okhotin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A Note of Zipf's Law, Natural Languages, and Noncoding DNA Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Phys. Rev. Letters (73:2), Mantegna et al. conclude on the basis of Zipf rank frequency data that noncoding DNA sequence regions are more like natural languages than coding regions. We argue on the contrary that an ...

Niyogi, Partha

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

IMAGE: a language for the interactive manipulation of a graphics environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses itself to the problems involved in programming an interactive computer graphics display. A list of graphical programming facilities considered necessary for an interactive graphic programming language is presented. An examination ...

C. D. O'Brien; H. G. Bown

1975-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Coevolution of languages and genes on the island of Sumba, eastern Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coevolution of languages and genes on the island of Sumba, eastern Indonesia J. Stephen Lansing Angeles, CA 90095; and Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Diponegoro 69, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Watkins, Joseph C.

377

Word learning in context : the role of lifetime language input and sentential context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quarterly, 20, 482?496.   McLaughlin,  J. ,  Osterhout, 785?806.   Osterhout, L. , McLaughlin, J. , Pitkanen, I. , language  learners  (McLaughlin,  Osterhout,  &  Kim, 

Borovsky, Arielle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

From regular expressions to nested words: unifying languages and query execution for relational and XML sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing interest in query language extensions for pattern matching over event streams and stored database sequences, due to the many important applications that such extensions make possible. The push for such extensions has led DBMS vendors ...

Barzan Mozafari; Kai Zeng; Carlo Zaniolo

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

One System for Two Tasks: A Commonsense Algorithm Memory that Solves Problems and Comprehends Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plan synthesis and language comprehension, or more generally, the act of discovering how one perception relates to others, are two sides of the same coin, because they both rely on a knowledge of cause and effect - algorithmic ...

Rieger, Chuck

380

The comparison and selection of programming languages for high energy physics applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the issues surrounding the comparison and selection of a programming language to be used in high energy physics software applications. The evaluation method used was specifically devised to address the issues of particular importance to high energy physics (HEP) applications, not just the technical features of the languages considered. The method assumes a knowledge of the requirements of current HEP applications, the data-processing environments expected to support these applications and relevant non-technical issues. The languages evaluated were Ada, C, FORTRAN 77, FORTRAN 99 (formerly 8X), Pascal and PL/1. Particular emphasis is placed upon the past, present and anticipated future role of FORTRAN in HEP software applications. Upon examination of the technical and practical issues, conclusions are reached and some recommendations are made regarding the role of FORTRAN and other programming languages in the current and future development of HEP software. 54 refs.

White, B.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Special issue on statistical learning of natural language structured input and output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During last decade, machine learning and, in particular, statistical approaches have become more and more important for research in Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Computational Linguistics. Nowadays, most stakeholders of the field use machine ...

Lluís Màrquez; Alessandro Moschitti

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Using Human Language Technology for Automatic Annotation and Indexing of Digital Library Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how we used robust human language technology, such as our domain-independent and customisable named entity recogniser, for automatic content annotation and indexing in two digital library applications. Each of these applications ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Diana Maynard; Hamish Cunningham; Horacio Saggion

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Developing Reusable and Robust Language Processing Components for Information Systems using GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present GATE, an architecture and a graphical development environment which enables users to develop and deploy HLT applications in a robust fashion. GATE also provides reusable, extendable, and customisable language processing modules ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham; Diana Maynard; Valentin Tablan; Horacio Saggion

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

zymake: a computational workflow system for machine learning and natural language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments in natural language processing and machine learning typically involve running a complicated network of programs to create, process, and evaluate data. Researchers often write one or more UNIX shell scripts to "glue" together these various ...

Eric Breck

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Communicative 2.0 : video games and digital culture in the foreign language classroom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explore two core concepts in today's youth entertainment culture that will increasingly become central in future attempts to design affordable foreign language learning materials that hope to bridge the chasm between ...

Purushotma, Ravi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The Use of Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S126. [26] Leon, A. (2003). “Does ’Ethnic Capital’ Matter?19] Hutchinson, W.K. (2002). “Does Ease of Communicationof Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English Native

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Fine-tuned: Phonology and semantics affect first-to second-language zooming in  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate how L1 phonology and semantics affect processing of interlingual homographs by manipulating language context before, and auditory input during, a visual experiment in the L2. Three experiments contained German--English homograph primes ...

Kerrie E. Elston-Güttler; Thomas C. Gunter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A C Language-Based Modular System for Analyzing and Displaying Gridded Numerical Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system for analyzing and displaying gridded numerical data called Candis is described. The system is written in the C programming language, and is built on a standard way of representing such data. The analysis package is modular, hierarchical, ...

David J. Raymond

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Running Modes in a Dataflow Language: Mode-Automata and their Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, modes are simply hierarchical and concurrent states like in Argos [Mar92]. In Modecharts, modes seem to be similar to the notion of task in Esterel, but they are not dealt with in the language itself; the mode structure of a reactive system may be described in Modecharts, but the behavior of the system in a particular mode is left to some host language that has no formal semantics.

Florence Maraninchi; Yann Rémond; Yannick Raoul; Yannick Raoul

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Tcl/Tk = Tool Command Language Tool Kit What is Tcl/Tk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSI605 Tcl/Tk #12;Tcl/Tk · Tcl/Tk = Tool Command Language Tool Kit · What is Tcl/Tk · A shell programming language · Uses of Tcl/Tk · Rapid prototyping · Shippable products · GUI-based products · Multi #12;Online Tcl/Tk Resources · www.tclconsortium.org · Tcl/Tk Consortium · www

Solka, Jeff

391

Visionary: a viewpoint-based visual language for querying relational databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The adoption of a visual interface can simplify the query formulation process in DBMSs by enabling naive users to interact with a friendly environment. In this work we propose a visual query language based on a diagrammatic paradigm, used for both data and query representation. The external data model is called vision and is made up of the visual primitives of concept and association. The external query model is based on the definition of a viewpoint, which is a perspective for accessing data defined dynamically by selecting a concept of primary interest. Internally, the data model is relational and the query language is SQL. An intermediate graph-based model ensures consistent mapping between the visual and the relational worlds. Our language has been implemented within a tool which can be mounted on top of any relational DBMS supporting ODBC. The system has been tested with naive users; the results of the experiment are reported and compared with those obtained with other visual languages. Keywords and phrases: VPL-II.B.1: Diagrammatic languages, VPL-V.B: Database languages 1

Francesca Benzi; Dario Maio; Stefano Rizzi

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Hybrid Query Language for an Extended Entity-Relationship Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the hybrid query language HQL/EER for an Extended Entity-Relationship model. As its main characteristic, this language allows a user to use both graphical and textual elements in the formulation of one and the same query. We demonstrate the lookand -feel of this query language by means of examples, and show how syntax and semantics of this language are formally defined using programmed graph rewriting systems. Although we present the language in the context of the EER model, the concept of hybrid languages is applicable in the context of other database models as well. We illustrate this claim by discussing a prototype implementation of a Hybrid Query Tool based on an object-oriented approach, namely the Object Modeling Technique (OMT). 1 Introduction The database research efforts of the past decade have provided us with a wide range of both database models and systems, allowing the user to perform complex manipulations on data structures of high modeling power. Th...

Marc Andries; Gregor Engels

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where · V is a nite set of non;Context-Free Languages recall the non-regular language {anban | n 0} · V = {S} · = {a,b} · productionSaaa aaabaaa 2 #12;Context-Free Languages We use to mean that can be obtained from using one application

Waterloo, University of

395

PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 , and Mark Stevenson2 1 NLE Lab - ELiRF, Universitat Politècnica de-language India news story search (CL!NSS), focuses to address the news story linking task across languages

Rosso, Paolo

396

Issues in the design of object-oriented database programming languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We see a trend toward extending object-oriented languages in the direction of databases, and, at the same time, toward extending database systems with object-oriented ideas. On the surface, these two activities seem to be moving in a consistent direction. However, at a deeper level, we see dif-ficulties that may inhibit their ending up at the same point. We feel that many of these difficufties are a result of the underlying assumptions that are inherent in the fields of programming language and database systems research. Many of these assumptions are historical and contribute to a set of cultural biases that often prevent the two communities from interacting as effectively as pos-sible. The purpose of this paper is to try to uncover some of the cultural presuppositions that have inhibited development of a fully integrated database programming language. We have identified database and language features that seem to be difficult to reconcile. We try to uncover the basic problems in these two areas that these features were intended to solve. In order to resolve these problems, we attempt to distinguish fundamental differences from historical artifacts. 1. lntroductlon The database and the programming language communities seem to be moving toward each other in terms of the problems that they are addressing. Database systems have been attempting to increase their power by associating more and more

Toby Bloom; Stanley B. Zdonik

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Revising the worksheet with L3: a language and environment foruser-script interaction  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a novel approach to the parameter anddata handling issues commonly found in experimental scientific computingand scripting in general. The approach is based on the familiarcombination of scripting language and user interface, but using alanguage expressly designed for user interaction and convenience. The L3language combines programming facilities of procedural and functionallanguages with the persistence and need-based evaluation of data flowlanguages. It is implemented in Python, has access to all Pythonlibraries, and retains almost complete source code compatibility to allowsimple movement of code between the languages. The worksheet interfaceuses metadata produced by L3 to provide selection of values through thescriptit self and allow users to dynamically evolve scripts withoutre-running the prior versions. Scripts can be edited via text editors ormanipulated as structures on a drawing canvas. Computed values are validscripts and can be used further in other scripts via simplecopy-and-paste operations. The implementation is freely available underan open-source license.

Hohn, Michael H.

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Language Classification using N-grams Accelerated by FPGA-based Bloom Filters  

SciTech Connect

N-Gram (n-character sequences in text documents) counting is a well-established technique used in classifying the language of text in a document. In this paper, n-gram processing is accelerated through the use of reconfigurable hardware on the XtremeData XD1000 system. Our design employs parallelism at multiple levels, with parallel Bloom Filters accessing on-chip RAM, parallel language classifiers, and parallel document processing. In contrast to another hardware implementation (HAIL algorithm) that uses off-chip SRAM for lookup, our highly scalable implementation uses only on-chip memory blocks. Our implementation of end-to-end language classification runs at 85x comparable software and 1.45x the competing hardware design.

Jacob, A; Gokhale, M

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

399

The IOA Language and Toolset: Support for Designing, Analyzing, and Building Distributed Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes a new language for distributed programming, the IOA language, together with a high-level design and preliminary implementation for a suite of tools, the IOA toolset, to support the production of high-quality distributed software. The language and tools are based on the I/O automaton model, which has been used to describe and verify distributed algorithms. The toolset supports a development process that begins with a high-level specification, refines that specification via successively more detailed designs, and ends by automatically generating distributed programs. The toolset encourages system decomposition, which helps make distributed programs understandable and easy to modify. It also provides a variety of validation methods (theorem proving, model checking, and simulation), which can be used to ensure that the generated programs are correct, subject to assumptions about externally-provided system services (e.g., communication services), and about the correctness of hand-coded data type implementations.

Stephen J. Garland; Nancy A. Lynch

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: I, Surface energy budget  

SciTech Connect

This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning the surface energy budget as it relates to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included, to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A triangular approach to motivation in Computer Assisted Autonomous Language Learning (CAALL)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was carried out in a language centre, in French higher education. Teachers and researchers had contrived a pedagogical system labeled guided autonomy which combined class attendance in groups and self-study in the self-study room. This kind ... Keywords: CALL, autonomous learning, learning strategies, motivation, triangulation

Françoise Raby

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Evaluation of the bible as a resource for cross-language information retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An area of recent interest in cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) is the question of which parallel corpora might be best suited to tasks in CLIR, or even to what extent parallel corpora can be obtained or are necessary. One proposal, which in ...

Peter A. Chew; Steve J. Verzi; Travis L. Bauer; Jonathan T. McClain

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Assessing programming language impact on development and maintenance: a study on c and c++  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Billions of dollars are spent every year for building and maintaining software. To reduce these costs we must identify the key factors that lead to better software and more productive development. One such key factor, and the focus of our paper, is the ... Keywords: developer productivity, empirical studies, high-level languages, software evolution, software quality

Pamela Bhattacharya; Iulian Neamtiu

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Halide: a language and compiler for optimizing parallelism, locality, and recomputation in image processing pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image processing pipelines combine the challenges of stencil computations and stream programs. They are composed of large graphs of different stencil stages, as well as complex reductions, and stages with global or data-dependent access patterns. Because ... Keywords: autotuning, compiler, domain specific language, gpu, image processing, locality, optimization, parallelism, redundant computation, vectorization

Jonathan Ragan-Kelley; Connelly Barnes; Andrew Adams; Sylvain Paris; Frédo Durand; Saman Amarasinghe

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A generic XML language for characterising objects to support digital preservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dominance of digital objects in today's information landscape has changed the way humankind creates and exchanges information. However, it has also brought an entirely new problem: the longevity of digital objects. Due to the fast changes in technologies, ... Keywords: XML languages, content characterisation, digital preservation, migration, preservation planning

Christoph Becker; Andreas Rauber; Volker Heydegger; Jan Schnasse; Manfred Thaller

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Application of prosody models for developing speech systems in Indian languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate the use of prosody models for developing speech systems in Indian languages. Duration and intonation models developed using feedforward neural networks are considered as prosody models. Labelled broadcast news data in the ... Keywords: Duration, Feedforward neural network, Intonation, Prosody, Speech systems

K. Sreenivasa Rao

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Generic XML Language for Characterising Objects to Support Digital Preservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dominance of digital objects in today’s information landscape has changed the way humankind creates and exchanges information. However, it has also brought an entirely new problem: the longevity of digital objects. Due to the fast changes in technologies, digital documents have a short lifespan before they become obsolete. Digital preservation, i.e. actions to ensure longevity of digital information, thus has become a pressing challenge. Different strategies such as migration and emulation have been proposed; however, the decision between available tools for format migration is very complex. Preservation planning supports decision makers in reaching accountable decisions by evaluating potential strategies against well-defined requirements. Especially the evaluation of different migration tools for digital preservation has to rely on validating the converted objects and thus on an analysis of the logical structure and the content of documents. This paper presents the eXtensible Characterisation Languages (XCL) that support the automatic validation of document conversions and the evaluation of migration quality by hierarchically decomposing a document and XML language. We present the context of the development of these languages and tools and describe the overall concept and features of the languages and how they can be applied to the evaluation of digital preservation solutions.

Christoph Becker; Andreas Rauber; et al.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A hardware-aware debugger for the OpenGL shading language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enormous flexibility of the modern GPU rendering pipeline as well as the availability of high-level shader languages have led to an increased demand for sophisticated programming tools. As the application domain for GPU-based algorithms extends beyond ...

Magnus Strengert; Thomas Klein; Thomas Ertl

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Automatic recognition fingerspelling gestures in multiple languages for a communication interface for the disabled  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and evaluation of a multi-lingual fingerspelling recognition module that is designed for an information terminal. Through the use of multimodal input and output methods, the information terminal acts as a communication ... Keywords: assistive technologies, fingerspelling recognition, sign language

A. Alp Kindiroglu; H. Yalcin; O. Aran; M. Hrúz; P. Campr; L. Akarun; A. Karpov

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Assessment of emerging reading skills in young native speakers and language learners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To automate assessments of beginning readers, especially those still learning English, we have investigated the types of knowledge sources that teachers use and have tried to incorporate them into an automated system. We describe a set of speech recognition ... Keywords: Accented English, Children's speech recognition, Language learning, Reading assessment, Speaker adaptation

Patti Price; Joseph Tepperman; Markus Iseli; Thao Duong; Matthew Black; Shizhen Wang; Christy Kim Boscardin; Margaret Heritage; P. David Pearson; Shrikanth Narayanan; Abeer Alwan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

An ontological analysis of the notion of community in the RM-ODP enterprise language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In our past work, we have shown that a number of theories from conceptual modeling and ontological analysis can be used to clarify the definitions of role-related and goal-related concepts in the RM-ODP [1,2]. This paper builds up on our earlier efforts ... Keywords: Community, Enterprise language, Enterprise viewpoint, Foundational ontology, Social concepts

JoãO Paulo A. Almeida; Giancarlo Guizzardi

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Modeling an Electronic Throttle Controller using the Timed Abstract State Machine Language and Toolset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key challenge in the design and analysis of real-time systems is the integration of functional and non-functional properties into a single specification. In this paper, we present an integrated toolset based on the TASM language. The toolset is used to specify and analyze reactive embedded real-time systems. The toolset implements the features of the Timed Abstract State Machine (TASM) language, a novel specification language. The non-functional properties that can be expressed in the language include timing behavior and resource consumption. The toolset enables the creation of executable specifications with well-defined execution semantics, abstraction mechanisms, and composition semantics. The toolset includes facilities for editing, analyzing, and simulating TASM specifications. The features of the toolset are demonstrated using an Electronic Throttle Controller (ETC) from a major automotive vendor. The TASM toolset is used to analyze the mode switching logic of the ETC. The ETC is used to calculate fuel injection and air intake to optimize fuel consumption. The TASM toolset is used to analyze the resource consumption resulting from the mode switching logic, and to verify the completeness and consistency of the specification.

Martin Ouimet; Guillaume Berteau; Kristina Lundqvist

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Experience in using a process language to define scientific workflow and generate dataset provenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our experiences in exploring the applicability of software engineering approaches to scientific data management problems. Specifically, this paper describes how process definition languages can be used to expedite production of scientific ... Keywords: continuous process improvement, data provenance, scientific workflow

Leon J. Osterweil; Lori A. Clarke; Aaron M. Ellison; Rodion Podorozhny; Alexander Wise; Emery Boose; Julian Hadley

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Java Jr.: Fully abstract trace semantics for a core Java language.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

actions which represent interaction across package boundaries. A detailed example based on the Observer, subset of the Java language which allows for the declaration of classes and interfaces in packages. It includes two extensions of Java: it allows for packages to contain object declarations (rather than

Jeffrey, Alan

416

Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models  

SciTech Connect

This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

On the mono- and cross-language detection of text reuse and plagiarism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plagiarism, the unacknowledged reuse of text, has increased in recent years due to the large amount of texts readily available. For instance, recent studies claim that nowadays a high rate of student reports include plagiarism, making manual plagiarism ... Keywords: cross-language plagiarism detection, plagiarism detection, text similarity

Alberto Barrón-Cedeño

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Human Language Technology for Automatic Annotation and Indexing of Digital Library Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This demo will present a set of domain-independent and customisable Human Language Technology (HLT) tools and the way they were applied for annotating 18th century OldBailey proceedings and indexing multimedia content. This demo accompanies the paper ...

Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Can Real-Time Machine Translation Overcome Language Barriers in Distributed Requirements Engineering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distant cultures with different languages and communication styles that, in turn, exacerbate communication software development requires close cooperation of individuals with distant cultural backgrounds. Cultural to explore the performance of MT in real-time text chat. The findings from our simulation are presented

Lanubile, Filippo

420

Georeferencing Flickr photos using language models at different levels of granularity: An evidence based approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The topic of automatically assigning geographic coordinates to Web 2.0 resources based on their tags has recently gained considerable attention. However, the coordinates that are produced by automated techniques are necessarily variable, since not all ... Keywords: Dempster-Shafer evidence theory, Geographic information retrieval, Georeferencing, Language models, Web 2.0

Olivier Van Laere; Steven Schockaert; Bart Dhoedt

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Declaring and checking non-null types in an object-oriented language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinguishing non-null references from possibly-null references at the type level can detect null-related errors in object-oriented programs at compile-time. This paper gives a proposal for retrofitting a language such as C# or Java with non-null types. ... Keywords: Java, c#, non-null types, null references, type system

Manuel Fähndrich; K. Rustan M. Leino

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Comparison of HMM and DTW for isolated word recognition system of Punjabi language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Issue of speech interface to computer has been capturing the global attention because of convenience put forth by it. Although speech recognition is not a new phenomenon in existing developments of user-machine interface studies but the highlighted facts ... Keywords: Punjabi language, dynamic programming (DP), dynamic time warp (DTW), hidden markov model (HMM), linear predictive coding (LPC), vector quantization (VQ)

Kumar Ravinder

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

GovML: a markup language for describing public services and life events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Governmental Markup Language (GovML) has been proposed by the IST eGOV project to define structures (or vocabularies) for governmental data and metadata. In this paper, the GovML data vocabularies for describing public services and life events are ...

Gregory Kavadias; Efthimios Tambouris

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Natural Language Watermarking: Design, Analysis, and a Proof-of-Concept Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a scheme for watermarking natural language text by embedding small portions of the watermark bit string in the syntactic structure of a number of selected sentences in the text, with both the selection and embedding keyed (via quadratic residue) ...

Mikhail J. Atallah; Victor Raskin; Michael Crogan; Christian Hempelmann; Florian Kerschbaum; Dina Mohamed; Sanket Naik

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Language diversity across the consonant inventories: a study in the framework of complex networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we attempt to explain the emergence of the linguistic diversity that exists across the consonant inventories of some of the major language families of the world through a complex network based growth model. There is only a single parameter ...

Monojit Choudhury; Animesh Mukherjee; Anupam Basu; Niloy Ganguly; Ashish Garg; Vaibhav Jalan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Towards improving dependability of automotive systems by using the EAST-ADL architecture description language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexity of embedded automotive systems calls for a more rigorous approach to system development compared to current state of practice. A critical issue is the management of the engineering information that defines the embedded system. Development ... Keywords: architecture description language, automotive systems, systems engineering

Philippe Cuenot; DeJiu Chen; Sébastien Gérard; Henrik Lönn; Mark-Oliver Reiser; David Servat; Ramin Tavakoli Kolagari; Martin Törngren; Matthias Weber

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Language barrier broken with Multilingual WorldWideScience.org BETA | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Language barrier broken with Multilingual WorldWideScience.org BETA Language barrier broken with Multilingual WorldWideScience.org BETA Multilingual WordWideScience Officials at the June 11 launch of Multilingual WorldWideScience.org BETA at the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) annual conference held in Helsinki, Finland. Pictured, from left, Dr. Walter Warnick, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) Director; Yuri Arskiy, All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI) Director; Tony Hey, Microsoft Research Corporate Vice-President; Richard Boulderstone of the British Library and the WorldWideScience Alliance Chairman; and Wu Yishan, Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (ISTIC) Chief Engineer OSTI Homepage

428

VISIONARY: a visual query language based on the user viewpoint approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Query languages for RDBMSs lack in intuitive understanding; this precludes inexperienced users from taking advantage of them. The adoption of a visual interface can simplify the query formulation process by enabling users to interact with a friendly environment. In this work we propose a visual query language based on a hybrid iconic-diagrammatic paradigm, used for both data and query representation. The external data model is called vision and comprises the visual primitives of concept- represented by the combination of text and icon, and association- represented by a name and a multiplicity for each possible orientation. The external query model is based on the definition of a user viewpoint, which is a perspective for accessing data defined dynamically by selecting a concept of primary interest for formulating each query. 1

Francesca Benzi; Dario Maio; Stefano Rizzi

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Abductive Equivalential Translation and its application to Natural Language Database Interfacing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis describes a logical formalization of natural-language database interfacing. We assume the existence of a "natural language engine" capable of mediating between surface linguistic string and their representations as "literal" logical forms: the focus of interest will be the question of relating "literal" logical forms to representations in terms of primitives meaningful to the underlying database engine. We begin by describing the nature of the problem, and show how a variety of interface functionalities can be considered as instances of a type of formal inference task which we call "Abductive Equivalential Translation" (AET); functionalities which can be reduced to this form include answering questions, responding to commands, reasoning about the completeness of answers, answering meta-questions of type "Do you know...", and generating assertions and questions. In each case, a "linguistic domain theory" (LDT) \\Gamma and an input formula F are given, and the goal is to constr...

Manny Rayner

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

NLP-SIR: A Natural Language Approach for Spreadsheet Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spreadsheets are a ubiquitous software tool, used for a wide variety of tasks such as financial modelling, statistical analysis and inventory management. Extracting meaningful information from such data can be a difficult task, especially for novice users unfamiliar with the advanced data processing features of many spreadsheet applications. We believe that through the use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques this task can be made considerably easier. This paper introduces NLP-SIR, a Natural language interface for spreadsheet information retrieval. The results of a recent evaluation which compared NLP-SIR with existing Information retrieval tools are also outlined. This evaluation has shown that NLP-SIR is a more effective method of spreadsheet information retrieval.

Flood, Derek; Caffery, Fergal Mc

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

GeoCLEF 2008: The CLEF 2008 Cross-Language Geographic Information Retrieval Track Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GeoCLEF is an evaluation initiative for testing queries with a geographic specification in large set of text documents. GeoCLEF ran a regular track for the third time within the Cross Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF) 2008. The purpose of GeoCLEF is to test and evaluate cross-language geographic information retrieval (GIR). GeoCLEF 2008 consisted of two sub tasks. A search task ran for the third time and a Wikipedia pilot task (GikiP) was organized for the first time. For the GeoCLEF 2008 search task, twenty-five search topics were defined by the organizing groups for searching English, German and Portuguese document collections. Topics were developed also for English, German and Portuguese. Many topics were geographically challenging. Eleven groups submitted 131 runs. The groups used a variety of approaches, including sample documents, named entity extraction and ontology based retrieval. The evaluation methodology and results are presented in the paper.

Thomas Mandl; Paula Carvalho; Fredric Gey; Ray Larson; Diana Santos; Christa Womser-Hacker; Giorgio Di Nunzio; Nicola Ferro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Natural language processing-based COTS software and related technologies survey.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural language processing-based knowledge management software, traditionally developed for security organizations, is now becoming commercially available. An informal survey was conducted to discover and examine current NLP and related technologies and potential applications for information retrieval, information extraction, summarization, categorization, terminology management, link analysis, and visualization for possible implementation at Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents our current understanding of the technologies, lists software vendors and their products, and identifies potential applications of these technologies.

Stickland, Michael G.; Conrad, Gregory N.; Eaton, Shelley M.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Semantics of Chemical Markup Language (CML) for Computational Chemistry : CompChem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structure of XML. In addition, CML is accompanied by a num- ber of methodologies [11-13] and infrastructures, such as CMLXOM [14], Jumbo6 [15], Jumbo-Converter [16] and CMLValidator [17], which support the development of a more general computational... format that is more efficient for retrieval and processing. The eXtensible Markup Language [6] (XML) is usually selected for storing data due to its universal- ity and extensibility for both simple and complex data. Furthermore, XML provides the means...

Phadungsukanan, Weerapong; Kraft, Markus; Townsend, Joe A; Murray-Rust, Peter

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Standard generalized markup language: A guide for transmitting encoded bibliographic records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides the guidance necessary to transmit to DOE`s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) an encoded bibliographic record that conforms to International Standard ISO 8879, Information Processing -- Text and office systems -- Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). Included in this document are element and attribute tag definitions, sample bibliographic records, the bibliographic document type definition, and instructions on how to transmit a bibliographic record electronically to OSTI.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Linguist on mission to save Inuit 'fossil language' disappearing with the ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-American imagination of the Arctic than of the actual reality of Inuit or Greenlandic culture, which is culturally rich and far from technologically static, making use technological amenities such as motor boats, guns, planes, quad bikes, oil-stoves, televisions... content World news Greenland Science Language Education Research UK news Environment Climate change More news Related 24 Aug 2010 Greenland happy to be the new oil frontier 15 Jun 2010 Greenland is getting ready to stand alone | Mininnguaq Kleist 16 Dec...

Brown, Mark

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

436

Using the Learning Design Language to model activities supported by services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of the field of Learning Design (LD) is to provide teachers and instructional designers with the conceptual and technological means to create and manage e-learning activities. This paper addresses a paradox in existing ... Keywords: CSCL, LDL, MDE, computer-supported collaborative learning, e-learning, educational technologies, electronic learning, learning activities modelling, learning design language, learning technology, model driven architecture, model driven engineering, online learning, services modelling

Christian Martel; Laurence Vignollet

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger: Context and Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pacific region); Michael Walsh (Australia); Willem Adelaar (eastern South America); Marleen Haboud (Andean South America); Yolanda Lastra (Mexico and Central America); Lyle Campbell (United States) and Mary Jane Norris (Canada). Chr i s topher Mose ley... America, even poorly documented ones, are now being taught to new generations of learners after a hiatus of one or more generations. For examples of such languages see Evans (2009), and Hinton & Hale (2001). 8 As recounted in the film by the Estonian...

Moseley, Christopher

438

PyDecay/GraphPhys: A Unified Language and Storage System for Particle Decay Process Descriptions  

SciTech Connect

To ease the tasks of Monte Carlo (MC) simulation and event reconstruction (i.e. inferring particle-decay events from experimental data) for long-term BaBar data preservation and analysis, the following software components have been designed: a language ('GraphPhys') for specifying decay processes, common to both simulation and data analysis, allowing arbitrary parameters on particles, decays, and entire processes; an automated visualization tool to show graphically what decays have been specified; and a searchable database storage mechanism for decay specifications. Unlike HepML, a proposed XML standard for HEP metadata, the specification language is designed not for data interchange between computer systems, but rather for direct manipulation by human beings as well as computers. The components are interoperable: the information parsed from files in the specification language can easily be rendered as an image by the visualization package, and conversion between decay representations was implemented. Several proof-of-concept command-line tools were built based on this framework. Applications include building easier and more efficient interfaces to existing analysis tools for current projects (e.g. BaBar/BESII), providing a framework for analyses in future experimental settings (e.g. LHC/SuperB), and outreach programs that involve giving students access to BaBar data and analysis tools to give them a hands-on feel for scientific analysis.

Dunietz, Jesse N.; /MIT /SLAC

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

439

Programmability of the HPCS Languages: A Case Study with a Quantum Chemistry Kernel  

SciTech Connect

As high-end computer systems present users with rapidly increasing numbers of processors, possibly also incorporating attached co-processors, programmers are increasingly challenged to express the necessary levels of concurrency with the dominant parallel programming model, Fortran+MPI+OpenMP (or minor variations). In this paper, we examine the languages developed under the DARPA High-Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) program (Chapel, Fortress, and X10) as representatives of a different parallel programming model which might be more effective on coming high-performance systems. The application used in this study is the Hartree-Fock method from quantum chemistry, which combines access to distributed data with a task-parallel algorithm and is characterized by significant irregularity in the computational tasks. We present several different implementation strategies for load balancing of the task parallel computation, as well as distributed array operations, in each of the three languages. We conclude that the HPCS languages provide a wide variety of mechanisms for expressing parallelism, which can be combined at multiple levels, making them quite expressive for this problem.

Shet, Aniruddha G [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL; Harrison, Robert J [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Programmability of the HPCS Languages: A Case Study with a Quantum Chemistry Kernel (Extended Version)  

SciTech Connect

As high-end computer systems present users with rapidly increasing numbers of processors, possibly also incorporating attached co-processors, programmers are increasingly challenged to express the necessary levels of concurrency with the dominant parallel programming model, Fortran+MPI+OpenMP (or minor variations). In this paper, we examine the languages developed under the DARPA High-Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) program (Chapel, Fortress, and X10) as representatives of a different parallel programming model which might be more effective on coming high-performance systems. The application used in this study is the Hartree-Fock method from quantum chemistry, which combines access to distributed data with a task-parallel algorithm and is characterized by significant irregularity in the computational tasks. We present several different implementation strategies for load balancing of the task parallel computation, as well as distributed array operations, in each of the three languages. We conclude that the HPCS languages provide a wide variety of mechanisms for expressing parallelism, which can be combined at multiple levels, making them quite expressive for this problem.

Shet, Aniruddha G [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL; Harrison, Robert J [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

COMMUNICATING SEQUENTIAL PROCESSES C.A.R. Hoare's Communicating Sequential Processes CSP is a model-language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP is a model-language hybrid for describing concurrent and distributed computation. A CSP program the corresponding primitive. Guarded commands are used to introduce indeterminacy. CSP is a language fragment of CSP have been with issues of program correctness and operating systems description. CSP shows its

Filman, Robert E.

442

How Hot or Cool is It to Speak Two Languages: Executive Function Advantages in Bilingual Children  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the 2009 U.S. Census Bureau, approximately 57 million individuals, ages five and older, living in the United States spoke a language other than English at home. There is a clear and growing number of bilingual individuals and English Language Learners (ELL) in the United States. With these growing numbers, especially within the school-aged population, it is crucial that a clear understanding exist regarding the development of children who are bilingual or learning English as their second language. There is evidence that bilingual children differ from their monolingual peers in the development of executive function (EF), and specifically demonstrate some advantages on EF tasks. This research has not been expanded to include the new conceptualization of EF as hot and cool. This study seeks to examine bilingual EF advantages in EF in light of this recent conceptualization. A second goal of this study is to identify other psychosocial variables that predict EF in children and, thus, might impact its development. The variables of interest include socioeconomic status (SES), economic stress, parenting practices (e.g., disciplinary practices and relational frustration), and cultural beliefs (e.g., individualism/collectivism). A sample of 67 bilingual and monolingual English speaking children and their parents/guardians participated in this study. Children completed 4 EF tasks and parents completed a battery which included measures of the psychosocial variables and the BRIEF Parent Form. A MANCOVA model was utilized to examine bilingual differences in EF. Multiple regression models were also used to test for significant predictors of hot and cool EF and general EF (as measured by the BRIEF GEC) among the psychosocial variables. No significant group differences were found in multivariate analyses. Significant predictors of specific EF measures and hot and cool total scores were identified, including economic stress, age, relational frustration, vertical individualism, and vertical collectivism. These are discussed in light of current literature and clinical applications.

Weber, Rachel Christiane

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Building a simulator control station using the TCL/TK language  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the construction of a simulator graphical user interface (GUI) using the cross-platform, public domain programming language TCL/TK. TCL/TK is a high level scripting language for building GUIs. It is freely available for UNIX, Windows and the Mac operating systems. This paper will demonstrate how the traditionally difficult, time consuming aspects of producing a simulator control station are easily overcome with TCL/TK. Referred to as the Interactive Control Station (ICS), this user interface provides a graphical method for interactive control of real time applications produced with the Real Time Programming Environment (RTProE). The techniques and tools developed for connecting the ICS to real time simulator models are described in detail within the paper. The real time data collection and plotting tool included with the ICS is also discussed. The ICS uses a client/server design and can provide its features across a distributed computer network. Standard TCP/IP sockets are used as the communications transport medium. Multiple clients on a network may be served by a single server connected to the simulation. The clients may exist on the same or separate computers. Multiple servers, connected to different simulations, can also exist on the same or separate computers of the network.

LaBelle, D.R. [LaBelle (Dennis R.), Clifton Park, NY (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Role of Natural Language in Accident Investigation and Reporting Guidelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need to learn from incidents and accidents resulting from software failure to improve the development process and reduce the incidence of such events mandates a rigorous discipline of forensic software engineering. The proliferation of assumption in the notions and representations of critical concepts during a software process is a barrier to developing this discipline. This is true not only of documents such as requirements statements and investigation reports, but also of the guidelines that dictate how investigation of failures should take place. The goal of investigation guidelines is the production of a report with certain properties, and proliferation of assumptions in the statement of such guidelines impairs the attainment of this goal. Drawing on linguistics and cognitive psychology, we earlier motivated an approach to improving the natural language of requirements statements. In this paper, we examine the issues surrounding the natural language in which investigation and reporting guidelines are written, and suggest ways that they can be demonstrably and systematically improved with our approach. The issues and approach are demonstrated using the NASA Procedures and Guidelines for Mishap Reporting, Investigating, and Recordkeeping. Deficiencies are explored, potential consequences discussed, and a strategy for systematic improvement of the document is outlined.

Kimberly S. Hanks; John C. Knight; C. Michael Holloway

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Intracellular distribution of a speech/language disorder associated FOXP2 mutant  

SciTech Connect

Although a mutation (R553H) in the forkhead box (FOX)P2 gene is associated with speech/language disorder, little is known about the function of FOXP2 or its relevance to this disorder. In the present study, we identify the forkhead nuclear localization domains that contribute to the cellular distribution of FOXP2. Nuclear localization of FOXP2 depended on two distally separated nuclear localization signals in the forkhead domain. A truncated version of FOXP2 lacking the leu-zip, Zn{sup 2+} finger, and forkhead domains that was observed in another patient with speech abnormalities demonstrated an aggregated cytoplasmic localization. Furthermore, FOXP2 (R553H) mainly exhibited a cytoplasmic localization despite retaining interactions with nuclear transport proteins (importin {alpha} and {beta}). Interestingly, wild type FOXP2 promoted the transport of FOXP2 (R553H) into the nucleus. Mutant and wild type FOXP2 heterodimers in the nucleus or FOXP2 R553H in the cytoplasm may underlie the pathogenesis of the autosomal dominant speech/language disorder.

Mizutani, Akifumi [Divisions of Development and Differentiation, Department of Human Inherited Metabolic Disease, National Institute of Neuroscience, Ogawahigashi-machi 4-1-1, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502 (Japan); Department of Pediatrics, Jichi Medical University, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsukeshi, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan); Matsuzaki, Ayumi [Divisions of Development and Differentiation, Department of Human Inherited Metabolic Disease, National Institute of Neuroscience, Ogawahigashi-machi 4-1-1, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502 (Japan); Momoi, Mariko Y. [Department of Pediatrics, Jichi Medical University, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsukeshi, Tochigi 329-0498 (Japan)]. E-mail: mymomoi@jichi.ac.jp; Fujita, Eriko [Divisions of Development and Differentiation, Department of Human Inherited Metabolic Disease, National Institute of Neuroscience, Ogawahigashi-machi 4-1-1, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502 (Japan); Tanabe, Yuko [Divisions of Development and Differentiation, Department of Human Inherited Metabolic Disease, National Institute of Neuroscience, Ogawahigashi-machi 4-1-1, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502 (Japan); Momoi, Takashi [Divisions of Development and Differentiation, Department of Human Inherited Metabolic Disease, National Institute of Neuroscience, Ogawahigashi-machi 4-1-1, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502 (Japan)

2007-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

Clinging to a barbed wire fence: the language policy of the international community in Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1995.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study takes one aspect of the post-conflict peace-building process in Bosnia- Herzegovina since 1995 - the recognition of three official but mutually comprehensible languages… (more)

Askew, Louise

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Cross-Language Differential Item Functioning of the Job Content Questionnaire Among European Countries: The JACE Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

binary IRT models to job analysis data. In A. Meade (Chair),applicability to job and occupational analysis data has notjob content questionnaire analyzed for the cross-language DIF analysis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

COMPASS An Intelligent Dictionary System for Reading Text in a Foreign Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a system which assists in the comprehension of on--line texts in foreign languages by utilising a context--sensitive dictionary look--up system. The system employs state--of--the--art finite state technology for the context analysis and uses converted bilingual print dictionaries as its primary resource of lexical information. A comprehenision--specific view of the conventional print dictionaries was made available for the system by analysing the dictionary structure and parsing the typesetting tapes. The lexical information was validated and augmented by corpus--based lexicographic revision, and was finally formalised to meet the requirements of an NLP system. An estimation of the efforts required to prepare full dictionaries for the system is given. 1 Introduction Electronic dictionaries have substantially simplified the time--consuming task of looking up words. This is particularly true when the text to be read is in electronic form, a reading situation that is ...

Helmut Feldweg; Elisabeth Breidt

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Issues In Natural Language Access To Databases From A Logic Programming Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I shall discuss issues in natural language (NL) access to databases in the light of an experimental NL question-answering system, Chat, which I wrote with Fernando Perelra at Edinburgh University, and which is described more fully elsewhere [8] [6] [5]. Our approach was strongly influenced by the work of Alain Colmerauer [2] and Veronlca Dahl [3] at Marseille University. Chat processes a NL question in three main stages: translation planning execution English .... > logic .... > Prolog .... > answer corresponding roughly to: "What does the question mean?", "How shall I answer it?", "What is the answer?". The meaning of a NL question, and the database of information about the application domain, are both represented as statements in an extension of a subset of first-order logic, which we call "definite closed world" (DCW) logic. This logic is a subset of first-order logic, in that it admits only "definite" statements; uncertain information ("Either this or that") is no

David H. D. Warren

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Impact of Science Notebook Writing on ELL and Low-SES Students' Science Language Development and Conceptual Understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This quantitative study explored the impact of literacy integration in a science inquiry classroom involving the use of science notebooks on the academic language development and conceptual understanding of students from diverse (i.e., English Language Learners, or ELLs) and low socio-economic status (low-SES) backgrounds. The study derived from a randomized, longitudinal, field-based NSF funded research project (NSF Award No. DRL - 0822343) targeting ELL and non-ELL students from low-SES backgrounds in a large urban school district in Southeast Texas. The study used a scoring rubric (modified and tested for validity and reliability) to analyze fifth-grade school students’ science notebook entries. Scores for academic language quality (or, for brevity, language) were used to compare language growth over time across three time points (i.e., beginning, middle, and end of the school year) and to compare students across categories (ELL, former ELL, non-ELL, and gender) using descriptive statistics and mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA). Scores for conceptual understanding (or, for brevity, concept) were used to compare students across categories (ELL, former ELL, non-ELL, and gender) in three domains using descriptive statistics and ANOVA. A correlational analysis was conducted to explore the relationship, if any, between language scores and concept scores for each group. Students demonstrated statistically significant growth over time in their academic language as reflected by science notebook scores. While ELL students scored lower than former ELL and non-ELL students at the first two time points, they caught up to their peers by the third time point. Similarly, females outperformed males in language scores in the first two time points, but males caught up to females in the third time point. In analyzing conceptual scores, ELLs had statistically significant lower scores than former-ELL and non-ELL students, and females outperformed males in the first two domains. These differences, however, were not statistically significant in the last domain. Last, correlations between language and concept scores were overall, positive, large, and significant across domains and groups. The study presents a rubric useful for quantifying diverse students’ science notebook entries, and findings add to the sparse research on the impact of writing in diverse students’ language development and conceptual understanding in science.

Huerta, Margarita

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater): A steady state and dynamic systems code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater) is a lumped parameter approach to system analysis which is totally modular. The modules are all precompiled and only the main program, which is generated by SALT, needs to be compiled for each unique system configuration. This is a departure from other lumped parameter codes where all models are written by MACROS and then compiled for each unique configuration, usually after all of the models are lumped together and sorted to eliminate undetermined variables. The SALT code contains a robust and sophisticated steady-sate finder (non-linear equation solver), optimization capability and enhanced GEAR integration scheme which makes use of sparsity and algebraic constraints. The SALT systems code has been used for various technologies. The code was originally developed for open-cycle magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) systems. It was easily extended to liquid metal MHD systems by simply adding the appropriate models and property libraries. Similarly, the model and property libraries were expanded to handle fuel cell systems, flue gas desulfurization systems, combined cycle gasification systems, fluidized bed combustion systems, ocean thermal energy conversion systems, geothermal systems, nuclear systems, and conventional coal-fired power plants. Obviously, the SALT systems code is extremely flexible to be able to handle all of these diverse systems. At present, the dynamic option has only been used for LMFBR nuclear power plants and geothermal power plants. However, it can easily be extended to other systems and can be used for analyzing control problems. 12 refs.

Berry, G.; Geyer, H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Linking English Words in Two Bilingual Dictionaries to Generate Another Language Pair Dictionary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In developing a machine translation system, one of the difficult tasks is how to build a transfer dictionary. It has been built by human labor from scratch in most cases. This approach, however, is very ineffective from the viewpoint of cost and time. To avoid this problem, we generate a Korean to Japanese dictionary as a sample, taking advantage of existing linguistic resources, which consist of a Japanese to English dictionary and a Korean to English dictionary for the present goal. First, we extract some sets of English words corresponding to Korean words from a Korean to English dictionary. Second, we search for Japanese words having English equivalents that are similar to Korean counterparts in meaning. Finally, we link the Korean words to Japanese ones. The degree of similarity is determined according to how many translated words are shared between Korean and Japanese. We test 1,000 Korean words extracted at random and get 365 appropriate Japanese words. The result shows that 72% are accurate for a degree of similarity of 0.8 and above. Keywords: bilingual dictionary, dictionary generation, intermediate language, similarity of translation 1

Satoshi Shirai And; Satoshi Shirai; Kazuhide Yamamoto

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Supporting Generic Sketching-Based Input of Diagrams in a Domain-Specific Visual Language Meta-Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software engineers often use hand-drawn diagrams as preliminary design artefacts and as annotations during reviews. We describe the addition of sketching support to a domain-specific visual language meta-tool enabling a wide range of diagram-based design ...

John Grundy; John Hosking

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

IBM History of Far Eastern Languages in Computing, Part 1: Requirements and Initial Phonetic Product Solutions in the 1960s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article begins a three-part series, presenting an overview of events in IBM that preceded todayýs versatility in handling Far Eastern languages in the IT arena. Here, Part 1 analyzes the complexities and characteristics of the Japanese, Korean, ... Keywords: Kanji, Katakana, Hiragana, Hangul, Hanzi, Thai, Korean, Chinese, BCD, EBCDIC

Kurt Hensch

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGPLAN international workshop on Programming language and systems technologies for internet clients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is our pleasure to welcome you to the 1st ACM SIGPLAN International Workshop on Programming Language and Systems Technologies for Internet Clients (PLASTIC 2011). The focus of the workshop is both on innovative solutions in the area of Internet client ...

Adam Welc; Michael Franz; Krzysztof Palacz

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Talk to Language and Cognition Seminar, School of Psychology, UoB. 6 Nov 2009 Why the "hard" problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Talk to Language and Cognition Seminar, School of Psychology, UoB. 6 Nov 2009 Why the "hard" problem of consciousness is easy and the "easy" problem hard. (And how to make progress) Aaron Sloman Sem Birmingham 2009 Slide 1 Last revised: January 27, 2010 #12;Why? Because: 1. The "hard" problem can

Sloman, Aaron

457

Top down approach for designing an e-learning pattern language based on IMS-LD specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing an efficient e-learning system is a multipart problem that includes several issues such as designing learning tasks, learning resources and social forums that will enable each student to learn in a good and effective way. Learning Design patterns ... Keywords: IMSLD, XML, e-learning, learning patterns, learning workflow, pattern languages

Maysoon Aldekhail; Alaa Eldeen Sayed Ahmed; Mohammed Alawairdhi; Azeddine Chikh

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling Report of a Workshop held at the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling Report of a Workshop held at the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, University of Massachusetts Amherst, September 2002 James Allan (editorXiang Zhai Summary Information retrieval (IR) research has reached a point where it is appropriate to assess

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

459

Eutaxy-ML: meta language to homogenize a product for distribution in a custom made barter network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new standard belonging to SGML class of languages is proposed under the term EUTAXY ML. This new definition will facilitate Business to Business barter along European SMEs. Apart this straightforward approach of EUTAXY-barter sales and delivery network, ... Keywords: Barter, EEIG, SGML, SME, innovation and invention, processes and incentives

Dimitrios Zissopoulos; Panagiotis Serdaris; Andreas Karakizos; Stefania Zisopoulou

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Application of association rules mining to Named Entity Recognition and co-reference resolution for the Indonesian language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new method, association rules mining for Named Entity Recognition (NER) and co-reference resolution. The method uses several morphological and lexical features such as Pronoun Class (PC) and Name Class ... Keywords: Indonesia, Indonesian language, NER, association rules mining, co-reference resolution, data mining, entity equivalence, information extraction, information retrieval, named entity recognition

Indra Budi; Stephane Bressan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Proceeedings of the Workshop on NLP and XML (NLPXML-2004): RDF/RDFS and OWL in Language Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the fourth in the NLPXML series of workshops on natural language processing and XML. The first two workshops (NLPXML-2001 in Tokyo and NLPXML-2002 in Taipei) were primarily concerned with XML-based NLP tools and the use of XML in a wide range ...

Nancy Ide; Laurent Romary

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Language, mobile phones and internet : a study of SMS texting, email, IM and SNS chats in computer mediated communication (CMC) in Kenya.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This book examines the use of language in Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) genres in Kenya. It focuses on Short Messaging Service (SMS), Email, Instant Messages… (more)

Barasa, Sandra Nekesa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

FPGA acceleration using high-level languages of a Monte-Carlo method for pricing complex options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present an FPGA implementation of a Monte-Carlo method for pricing Asian options using Impulse C and floating-point arithmetic. In an Altera Stratix-V FPGA, a 149x speedup factor was obtained against an OpenMP-based solution in a 4-core ... Keywords: Field programmable gate arrays, Financial data processing, Floating-point arithmetic, High level language synthesis, Parallel machines

Diego Sanchez-Roman, Victor Moreno, Sergio Lopez-Buedo, Gustavo Sutter, Ivan Gonzalez, Francisco J. Gomez-Arribas, Javier Aracil

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

I found the article ``Statistical Language Approach Translates into Success'' by Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols (IEEE Computer, Nov. 2003) at one time rather fascinating and deeply troubling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dilemmas are not quite at the level of drama of giving the Atom bomb to the military, but a bit of debate, an extremely impoverished form of language. (At one time, writing a report for a company for which I 1 #12;was working, I was asked to ``dumb down'' the language to a seventh grade level, because the report

Santini, Simone

465

A Case Study of Using Online Communities and Virtual Environment in Massively Multiplayer Role Playing Games MMORPGs as a Learning and Teaching Tool for Second Language Learners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games MMORPGs create large virtual communities. Online gaming shows potential not just for entertaining, but also in education. This research investigates the use of commercial MMORPGs to support second language ... Keywords: E-Learning, Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games MMORPGs, Online Education, Online Gaming, Personalized Learning, Second Language Learning, Virtual Environment

Isara Kongmee; Rebecca Strachan; Alison Pickard; Catherine Montgomery

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

From data to analysis: linking NWChem and Avogadro with the syntax and semantics of Chemical Markup Language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background Multidisciplinary integrated research requires the ability to couple the diverse sets of data obtained from a range of complex experiments and computer simulations. Integrating data requires semantically rich information. In this paper the generation of semantically rich data from the NWChem computational chemistry software is discussed within the Chemical Markup Language (CML) framework. Results The NWChem computational chemistry software has been modified and coupled to the FoX library to write CML compliant XML data files. The FoX library was expanded to represent the lexical input files used by the computational chemistry software. Conclusions The production of CML compliant XML files for the computational chemistry software NWChem can be relatively easily accomplished using the FoX library. A unified computational chemistry or CompChem convention and dictionary needs to be developed through a community-based effort. The long-term goal is to enable a researcher to do Google-style chemistry and physics searches.

De Jong, Wibe A.; Walker, Andrew M.; Hanwell, Marcus D.

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

Australasian Language Workshop 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;FOREWORD There are twice as many people in the United States now as there were 50 years ago. The gross- ing the year, 4.2 percent less than during the pre- vious year. The decreases are attributed to severe during the 4-year period, increasing the first 2 years, but declining 63 percent below the peak

468

Development Languages and Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It combines many of the best features of the standard UNiX working environment like C, sed, awk, csh and sh. Similar to sh and csh, it is used as a scripting ...

469

Criticality and language - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... For our purposes, these processes can be described as mechanical, chemical and nuclear, each operating at increasingly fundamental levels.

470

Ising and Language - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... (flipping a spin changes the energy by $2*\\Delta$ ... Figure 6.6: This graph illustrates how the critical point (green or thick lines) at which a ...

471

Language resources and localisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localisation is one of the fastest growing industrial sectors in the digital world. Since the mid-eighties, the role of localisation has developed and changed dramatically. Localisation has been redefined as the provision of services and technologies ...

Reinhard Schäler

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Programming Language Abstractions for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ready availability of information on who currently owns what rights in what land. (i)Management of State

Zenger, Matthias

473

The language of GIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis provides a vocabulary of GIS for landscape architects through the use of history, definitions and a pplications. This thesis is based on the… (more)

Collins, James Barrie, II

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Database lists endangered languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the discussion thread. Advertisement / / / More Like This Google adapts Chrome OS for tablets Posted 12 hours ago by Trent Nouveau Toyota and Microsoft unveil 'smart car' plans Posted 23 hours ago by Emma Woollacott...

Woollacott, Emma

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

Deciphering foreign language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we tackle the task of machine translation (MT) without parallel training data. We frame the MT problem as a decipherment task, treating the foreign text as a cipher for English and present novel methods for training translation models from ...

Sujith Ravi; Kevin Knight

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

NATURAL LANGUAGE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is based on the Linguistic String Grammar developed by Sager (1981). ... to its score, but if it does not fulfill ... which are relevant but which do not fulfill ...

477

The Worker Component At The World Trade Center Cleanup: Addressing Cultural And Language Differences In Emergency Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) caused astronomical loss of life and property. Systems in place to manage disaster response were strained to the limit because key first responders were among the casualties when the twin towers collapsed. In addition, the evolution of events required immediate response in a rapidly changing and extremely hazardous situation. Rescue, recovery, and clean up became an overpowering and sustained effort that would utilize the resources of federal, state and local governments and agencies. One issue during the response to the WTC disaster site that did not receive much attention was that of the limited and non-English speaking worker. The Operating Engineers National HAZMAT Program (OENHP), with its history of a Hispanic Outreach Program, was acutely aware of this issue with the Hispanic worker. The Hispanic population comprises approximately 27% of the population of New York City (1). The extremely unfortunate and tragic events of that day provided an opportunity to not only provide assistance for the Hispanic workers, but also to apply lessons learned and conduct studies on worker training with language barriers in a real life environment. However, due to the circumstances surrounding this tragedy, the study of these issues was conducted primarily by observation. Through partnerships with other organizations such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the New York Health Department, the New York Department of Design and Construction (DDC), the New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH), and private companies such as 3M and MSA, OENHP was able to provide translated information on hazards, protective measures, fit testing of respirators, and site specific safety and health training. The OENHP translated materials on hazards and how to protect workers into Spanish to assist in getting the information to the limited and non- English speaking workers.

McCabe, B.; Carpenter, C.; Blair. D.

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

478

Proceedings of the Workshop on Multilingual Language Resources and Interoperability, pages 2531, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retrieving full informa- tion on text excepts cited in the term bank and to store important meta data: full title, short title, abbreviation, legal system, language, legal hierarchy, legal text type into the cor- pus database, such as structural mark-up and bib- liographical information. The full text

479

The influence of an educational course on language expression and treatment of gaming addiction for massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) players  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Addiction to Massive Multiple Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) among juveniles has become a serious problem in Korea and has led to legislation prohibiting juveniles from playing games after midnight. One key factor in gaming addiction is the so-called ... Keywords: Addiction, Education, Event-related potential, Language, Massive multiplayer online role-playing game, P300

Pyoung Won Kim; Seo Young Kim; Miseon Shim; Chang-Hwan Im; Young-Min Shon

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 2004, Pages 66-85. An Ontology of Time for the Semantic Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 2004, Pages 66. __________________________________________________________________________________________ This research was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under Air Force Research Laboratory of appear, and notice is given that copying is by permission of the ACM, Inc. To copy otherwise

Hobbs, Jerry R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tai languages tajik" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Report on the Common Information Model (CIM) Extensible Markup Language (XML) Interoperability Test #1: The Power of the CIM to Exch ange Power System Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Control Center Application Program Interface (CCAPI) and Common Information Model (CIM) translated into Extensible Markup Language (XML) provide a very important standard for exchanging power system models. Interoperability tests started in December 2000 have validated the use and acceptance of this standard. This report presents results of these tests.

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

482

HDL (hardware description language) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) devices allow designers to quickly develop and simulate a sophisticated digital circuit, realize it  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PREFACE HDL (hardware description language) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) devices allow device, and verify operation of the physical implementation. As these technologies mature, they have a complex and sophisticated digital system. This book uses a "learning by doing" approach and illustrates

Chu, Pong P.

483

Report on the Common Information Model (CIM) Extensible Markup Language (XML) Interoperability Test #3: The Power of the CIM to Exch ange Power System Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of interoperability tests conducted in September 2001 extended the validation of the Control Center Application Program Interface (CCAPI) and Common Information Model (CIM) translated into Extensible Markup Language (XML) by testing with the California ISO (CAISO) power system model as well as the Duke Energy model. These tests confirmed the ability of the products under test to handle real-world, large-scale models. They also provided confidence that the final version of CIM used for these tests (...

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

484

Report on the Common Information Model (CIM) Extensible Markup Language (XML) Interoperability Test #2: The Power of CIM to Exchange Power System Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Control Center Application Program Interface (CCAPI) and Common Information Model (CIM) translated into Extensible Markup Language (XML) provide a very important standard for exchanging power system models. Interoperability tests conducted in December 2000 validated the use and acceptance of this standard by a number of suppliers who provide products to the electric utility industry. A second set of interoperability tests conducted in April 2001 extended this validation to include the transfer of a l...

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

Breaking the Language Barrier: NIST Tests Afghan Language ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These included vehicle checkpoints; communication of key information, such as how long electricity will be available each day; facility inspections ...

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Sustainable Solutions for Endangered Languages Data: The Language Archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

access, legal & ethical issues • Open access to research results and data (Berlin declaration on Open Access to Scientific Knowledge) • Accountability: EL data are irreproducible • But: respect for privacy of human subjects • Informed consent...

Drude, Sebastian

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

ROKmusic2011 – database of musical works relating to the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#7;PO#7;Polish#7;#7;POR#7;Portuguese#7;#7;R#7;Russian#7;#7;SA#7;South African#7;#7;SL#7;Slovenian#7;#7;SP#7;Spanish#7;#7;SW#7;Swedish#7;#7;TJ#7;Tajik#7;#7;TU#7;Turkish#7;#7;UR#7;Uruguayan#7;#7;UZ#7;Uzbek#7;#7;#12; ... Netherlands PO Polish Nationality code Definition POR Portuguese R Russian SA South African SL Slovenian SP Spanish SW Swedish TJ Tajik TU Turkish UR Uruguayan UZ Uzbek ...

Martin, William H.; Mason, Sandra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Degenerate states in language - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... Attenuation can also be considered in terms of energy level. ... this fact, we say that attenuation levels are unevenly distributed across vocables.

489

Gay Code Language Faces Extinction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two years after filming a bareback scene in a gay porn film, Jack Ryan is off drugs, out of porn, and urging people to practice safe sex and not follow his lead. News Frank Spinelli: Assisting Arrest Frank Spinelli, a prominent Manhattan doctor and a...

Bolcer, Julie

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

Development Languages and Environment - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is so much so that Netscape Communications, makers of the most popular browser ... Unfortunately, most of the existing Perl-based technology is relatively  ...

491

Endangered languages database launched online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simmered like a chilly, bubbling cauldron with ice volcanoes, or has this distant moon gone dead? In a newly published ... Helping the heart help itself: Research points to new use for stem cells (PhysOrg.com) -- Human trials of stem cell therapy... on hot days: New research brings us closer (PhysOrg.com) -- New materials science research from the University at Buffalo could hasten the creation of "smart" windows that reflect heat from the sun on hot summer days but let in the heat in colder...

Anon.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

492

Plain Language Compliance Report (2012)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy sees the implementation of the Plain Writing Act as an important initiative that helps the Department share relevant information in a way that is clear, concise, and...

493

Learning for deep language understanding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper addresses the problem of learning to parse sentences to logical representations of their underlying meaning, by inducing a syntactic-semantic grammar. The approach uses a class of grammars which has been proven to be learnable from representative ...

Smaranda Muresan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Assembly language courses in transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the CS 3 course of the ACM Curriculum '78 was defined almost a decade ago, the broader perspectives that are desired for that course have not been present in many undergraduate programs. Only recently has the pivotal role of this course begun ...

R. Rainey Little; Mark K. Smotherman

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Bid to document endangered languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.” Approached MI6 Six months after arriving in the U.K., and with U.S.-led forces about to invade Iraq, he is said to have approached MI6 to inform the agency that his father’s regime was prepared to abandon its nu- clear weapons programme. The contact led... . - PHOTO: REUTERS His former university distances itself from Seif al-Islam el-Qadhafi — he had a role in nuclear talks and in Megrahi’s release, convicted in the Lockerbie bombing case. Ian Cobain, Amelia Hill and Kartik Mehta No obvious successors...

Tobin, Lucy

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

496

Project aims to safeguard languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-0;0;46452328;3823-300/100;0/0/0;;~sscs=%3f"> Facebook Modelsearch 2010 Classifieds Campaign Universities Delivery Rounds Property Entertainment Blogs National News Announcements Weather Messageboards...

Anon.

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

497

Endangered languages database launched online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tweet Share to facebook Reddit Google Delicious Slashdot Yahoo! bookmarks Windows Live RSS QR code Recitation of oral texts by the late Latte Apa, senior ritual practitioner of the Thangmi community, India. Image credit... Newsletter RSS feeds iPhone iPad Apps Blackberry App Android App&Widget Amazon Kindle PDA version Featur