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  1. Tianjin Tai Yang Photo electronic Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tai Yang Photo electronic Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tianjin Tai Yang Photo-electronic Technology Co., Ltd Place: Tianjin Municipality, China Sector: Solar...

  2. Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taiwan Sector: Solar Product: Private firm that specialises in financing and designing solar cell manufacturing factories. References: Tai Yuan Solar Co Ltd1 This article is a...

  3. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... projects in support of the NG production mission in TA-I * Building 878 ... nuclear reactor, pressure, and solar energy testing. * PotableFire Water ...

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Luis.M. ; Tischer, Alexander ; Thompson, James R. ; Tai, Jonathan ; Wang, Lin ; ... Lebrun, Jean-Marie ; Morrissey, Timothy G. ; Francis, John S.C. ; Seymour, Kevin C. ; ...

  5. Search for: All records | DOE Patents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Filter Results Filter by Author Stephanopoulos, Gregory (2) Tai, Mitchell (2) Chakraborty, Sagar (1) Save Results Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback ...

  6. Search for: All records | DOE Patents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Filter Results Filter by Author Chakraborty, Sagar (1) Stephanopoulos, Gregory (1) Tai, Mitchell (1) Save Results Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback ...

  7. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Stephanopoulos, Gregory (2) Tai, Mitchell (2) Chakraborty, Sagar (1) Save Results Save this search to My Library Excel (limit 2000) CSV (limit 5000) XML (limit 5000) Have feedback ...

  8. Quadrennial Energy Review Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6, 2014 Humayun Tai Senior Partner, McKinsey & Company Bankability of Electricity Transmission, Storage and Distribution Infrastructure Secretary Moniz and Congresswoman...

  9. DOE A9024 Final Report Functional and Nanoscale Materials Systems...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    as described. The clusters were led by Professors Tai Chiang (Physics), Jeffrey Moore (Chemistry), Paul Goldbart (Physics), and Steven Granick (Materials Science and...

  10. Heidrich Gera o El trica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Heidrich Gera o El trica Jump to: navigation, search Name: Heidrich Gerao Eltrica Place: Tai, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 89190-000 Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian...

  11. Edge states and local electronic structure around an adsorbed...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    structure around an adsorbed impurity in a topological superconductor Authors: Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Choi, Hongchul ; Ahmed, Towfiq ; Ting, C. S. ; Zhu, Jian-Xin Publication Date:...

  12. Thermoacoustic imaging over large field of view for three-dimensional breast tumor localization: A phantom study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Yong; Ji, Zhong; Ding, Wenzheng; Ye, Fanghao; Lou, Cunguang

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: Previous studies demonstrated that thermoacoustic imaging (TAI) has great potential for breast tumor detection. However, large field of view (FOV) imaging remains a long-standing challenge for three-dimensional (3D) breast tumor localization. Here, the authors propose a practical TAI system for noninvasive 3D localization of breast tumors with large FOV through the use of ultrashort microwave pulse (USMP). Methods: A USMP generator was employed for TAI. The energy density required for quality imaging and the corresponding microwave-to-acoustic conversion efficiency were compared with that of conventional TAI. The microwave energy distribution, imaging depth, resolution, and 3D imaging capabilities were then investigated. Finally, a breast phantom embedded with a laboratory-grown tumor was imaged to evaluate the FOV performance of the USMP TAI system, under a simulated clinical situation. Results: A radiation energy density equivalent to just 1.6%2.2% of that for conventional submicrosecond microwave TAI was sufficient to obtain a thermoacoustic signal with the required signal-to-noise ratio. This result clearly demonstrated a significantly higher microwave-to-acoustic conversion efficiency of USMP TAI compared to that of conventional TAI. The USMP TAI system achieved 61 mm imaging depth and 12 12 cm{sup 2} microwave radiation area. The volumetric image of a copper target measured at depth of 46 cm matched well with the actual shape and the resolution reaches 230 ?m. The TAI of the breast phantom was precisely localized to an accuracy of 0.1 cm over an 8 8 cm{sup 2} FOV. Conclusions: The experimental results demonstrated that the USMP TAI system offered significant potential for noninvasive clinical detection and 3D localization of deep breast tumors, with low microwave radiation dose and high spatial resolution over a sufficiently large FOV.

  13. 05-05-2010 NNSA-B-09-0152

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    NNSA-B-09-0152 Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to remove the existing electrical bus duct system in Building 860, Tech Area I (TA-I), and install a new bus. ✖ Sandia Site Office Building 860 Electrical Bus Duct Replacement (TA-I) Sandia National Laboratories - New Mexico

  14. Agenda: Energy Infrastructure Finance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Sullivan, CEODirector of Investments, Grand River Dam Authority * Humayun Tai, Director, McKinsey Company * Steven J. Zucchet, SVP, Borealis Infrastructure 12:00 p.m. - 1:00 p.m. ...

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ting, C. S. (7) Zhu, Jian -Xin (5) Chia, Elbert E. M. (4) Das, Tanmoy (4) Gao, Yi (4) Ren, Jie (4) Si, Qimiao (4) Tai, Yuan-Yen (4) Ahmed, Towfiq (3) Balatsky, Alexander V. (3) ...

  16. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Chia, Elbert E. M. (4) Das, Tanmoy (4) Gao, Yi (4) Ren, Jie (4) Si, Qimiao (4) Tai, ... Superconductors Yu, Rong ; Zhu, Jian-Xin ; Si, Qimiao Full Text Available May 2011 , ...

  17. Search for: All records | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Haraldsen, Jason T. (2) Huang, Huaixiang (2) Janoschek, Marc (2) Pan, Lihua (2) Save ... Fe-based-122 compounds Li, Bo ; Pan, Lihua ; Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Graf, Matthias J. ...

  18. Evolution of quasiparticle states with and without a Zn impurity...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Evolution of quasiparticle states with and without a Zn impurity in doped 122 iron pnictides Authors: Pan, Lihua ; Li, Jian ; Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Graf, Matthias J. ; Zhu, ...

  19. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Unified description of superconducting pairing symmetry in electron-doped Fe-based-122 compounds Li, Bo ; Pan, Lihua ; Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Graf, Matthias J. ; Zhu, Jian-Xin ; Bassler, ...

  20. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Evolution of quasiparticle states with and without a Zn impurity in doped 122 iron pnictides Pan, Lihua ; Li, Jian ; Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Graf, Matthias J. ; Zhu, Jian-Xin ; Ting, C. S. ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Zhu, Jian-Xin (7) Tai, Yuan-Yen (4) Gao, Yi (3) Graf, Matthias J. (3) Huang, Huaixiang (2) Pan, Lihua (2) Ahmed, Towfiq (1) Bassler, Kevin E. (1) Chen Yan (1) Chen, Yan (1) Choi, ...

  2. Scientists take nanoparticle snapshots | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    An international team of researchers led by X-ray scientist Christoph Bostedt of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory and Tais Gorkhover of DOE's ...

  3. Unified description of superconducting pairing symmetry in electron...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    pairing symmetry in electron-doped Fe-based-122 compounds Authors: Li, Bo ; Pan, Lihua ; Tai, Yuan-Yen ; Graf, Matthias J. ; Zhu, Jian-Xin ; Bassler, Kevin E. ; Ting,...

  4. Quadrennial Energy Review Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Quadrennial Energy Review Meeting October 6, 2014 Humayun Tai Senior Partner, McKinsey & Company Bankability of Electricity Transmission, Storage and Distribution Infrastructure ■ Secretary Moniz and Congresswoman Maloney, it is an honor to be invited here to speak about the opportunities for improving and accelerating investment in the US grid system and in the new age of grid storage that is approaching. ■ My name is Humayun Tai, and I am a Senior Partner at McKinsey & Company.

  5. Ilmastonmuutosta Tutkimassa

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ilmastonmuutosta Tutkimassa Tiedätkö, mitä eroa on "säällä" ja "ilmastolla?" Ovatko ne sama asia? Eivät ole. Sää on sitä, mitä näet, kun katsot ulos juuri nyt: on esimerkiksi pilvistä, tuulista tai aurinkoista, kylmää tai lämmintä. Ilmasto tarkoittaa melkein samaa kuin sää, mutta ilmasto kertoo säästä ja sen vaihteluista jonain pitkänä ajanjaksona - kuukausien, vuosien tai vuosikymmenten aikana. Ilmasto on jotakin, mitä voit odottaa kokevasi tietyssä

  6. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Tai, Mitchell" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything2 Electronic Full Text2 Citations0 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject Filter by Author Stephanopoulos, Gregory (2) Tai, Mitchell (2) Chakraborty, Sagar (1) Save Results Save this search to My

  7. CX-004729: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bio-Response Operational Testing and Evaluation (BOTE) Project (TA-I, TA-III, and Offsite at Idaho National Laboratory)CX(s) Applied: B3.12Date: 10/12/2010Location(s): IdahoOffice(s): Sandia Site Office

  8. Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development Hybrid Ventilation Optimization and Control Research and Development Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lead Performer: Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Cambridge, MA Partners: -- Chongqing University - Chongqing, China -- Tongji University - Shanghai, China -- Tianjin University - Tianjin, China -- Chongqing Fu Tai Construction Group

  9. 03-01-2010 NNSA-B-10-0101.PDF

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    01 Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to remodel office space within Building 880 in Tech Area I (TA-I). The goal of the renovation would be to abate all existing asbestos-containing materials, make necessary seismic retrofits, upgrade all mechanical and electrical systems to current standards, and conform with architectural guidelines. The renovated space would be used for offices. There would be no laboratories in the future space. ✖ Sandia Site Office Bldg. 880 North

  10. 05-19-2010 NNSA-B-10-0188

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    188 Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to relocate two T-Buildings, T-75 and T-42. Their current location is the northeast corner of 14th Street and Hardin Boulevard in southeast TA-I. The proposed new location is in TA-IV. ✖ Sandia Site Office Relocate T-Buildings T42 and T75 Sandia National Laboratories - New Mexico LACY,SUSAN DOYLENE 05/19/2010

  11. Evaluation Project 4492

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    12-2010 NNSA-B-10-0412 Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to support the Bio-Response Operational Testing and Evaluation (BOTE) project. The BOTE project would involve multiple releases of a biological simulant, characterization sampling, decontamination, and clearance sampling, at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Test Site. Sandia Site Office Bio-Response Operational Testing and Evaluation (BOTE) Project (TA-I, TA-III, & Offsite at INL) INL LACY,SUSAN DOYLENE

  12. SEMINAR ANNOUNCEMENTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Athanasios(Chan$s American(Physical(Society An(inside(View(of(the(Physical)Review(Family(of(Journals Wednesday,(August(19,(2015 2:00(I(3:00pm MSL(Auditorium((TAI03,(Bldg.(1698,(Room(A103) Abstract: The Physical Review journal was established in 1893 by Edward L. Nichols at Cornell University in Ithaca NY. That single journal, which was publishing about 100 papers each year, has been gradually transformed into the greatest family of scholarly physics journals which serve the world physics

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Yu, Tai-Yuan" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything1 Electronic Full Text0 Citations1 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject applied life sciences (1) basic biological sciences (1) crystal structure (1) dimerization (1) dna polymerases (1)

  14. TITLE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Mi w u United S taies Office of Radiation a ~ d EPA 8 Environmental Protection Indoor Air Dcccmbcr 1999 Q Agency Washington, DC 304hC) EPA-402-R-93-0 12 Q w 0 4 : 0 0 0 4 &€PA Annual Water Samp and Analysis Ca endar Year 1999: RULISON Test Site Area RIO BLANCO Test Site Area FAULTLESS Test Site Area SHOAL Test Site Area GASBUGGY Test Site Area GNOME Test Site Area Annual Water Sampling and Analysis, Calendar Year 1999 RULISON Test Site Area RIO BLANCO Test Site Area FAULTLESS Test Site

  15. 03-02-2010 NNSA-B-10-0161.PDF

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    02-2010 NNSA-B-10-0161 Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) proposes to renovate Building 770. The renovation would involve the removal and rearrangement of walls for office improvements, which would require electrical, mechanical, and communications work. Bldg. 770 is located at the intersection of K Avenue and 7th Street, Tech Area I northwest, on a portion of the Bldg. 805 footprint. ✖ Sandia Site Office Building 770, Office Building, Renovation (TA-I) Sandia National

  16. 06-14-2010 NNSA-B-10-0250

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    50 Sandia National Laboratories (SNL/NM) proposes to develop and test a terrestrial-based Tagging, Tracking, and Locating (TTL) system for Work-for-Others (WFO) customers. The activities would involve development of a TTL system using three or more passive or active receivers to geolocate a target radio-frequency (RF) emitter. Sensor development would take place in an existing light electrical laboratory in Tech Area I (TA-I), while geolocation activities would be performed at off-site locations

  17. N I

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    m7 -'Iq "ZtN N I 6", . In' -jZ b NA s " rl fl 2t - T -- ,7 5 N STAt OF WAORDWON o W wA AU WLY ~ "00 V.'SR au int &11 P0C5, M~ MaihS7 that. 2. xchierf t the Re"l ELA* DIirl io te Vola ta1UD ma triea o f t giuoem at 1*12* tfl Was' ig~i n a inerh 4ads9 8'IsOT~Adnyui the "q4umittW of the ne"nSpry we.esae e tai. twfl~a~ ed n~flk of' the Mftser4 -pen t!cs ~in t. The fikotsm annoos in the dftt otto aSrer J,~ east.4~~~~~~~~~ a ea te.r w a.t t th t4 . to t soa .a

  18. FRAPCON-2: A Computer Code for the Calculation of Steady State Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Oxide Fuel Rods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berna, G. A; Bohn, M. P.; Rausch, W. N.; Williford, R. E.; Lanning, D. D.

    1981-01-01

    FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light Mater reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and tai lure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e} fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code Is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version 2.

  19. Water Security Toolkit User Manual Version 1.2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klise, Katherine A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Hart, David; Hart, William E.; Phillips, Cynthia A.; Haxton, Terranna; Murray, Regan; Janke, Robert; Taxon, Thomas; Laird, Carl; Seth, Arpan; Hackebeil, Gabriel; McGee, Shawn; Mann, Angelica

    2014-08-01

    The Water Security Toolkit (WST) is a suite of open source software tools that can be used by water utilities to create response strategies to reduce the impact of contamination in a water distribution network . WST includes hydraulic and water quality modeling software , optimizati on methodologies , and visualization tools to identify: (1) sensor locations to detect contamination, (2) locations in the network in which the contamination was introduced, (3) hydrants to remove contaminated water from the distribution system, (4) locations in the network to inject decontamination agents to inactivate, remove, or destroy contaminants, (5) locations in the network to take grab sample s to help identify the source of contamination and (6) valves to close in order to isolate contaminate d areas of the network. This user manual describes the different components of WST , along w ith examples and case studies. License Notice The Water Security Toolkit (WST) v.1.2 Copyright c 2012 Sandia Corporation. Under the terms of Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000, there is a non-exclusive license for use of this work by or on behalf of the U.S. government. This software is distributed under the Revised BSD License (see below). In addition, WST leverages a variety of third-party software packages, which have separate licensing policies: Acro Revised BSD License argparse Python Software Foundation License Boost Boost Software License Coopr Revised BSD License Coverage BSD License Distribute Python Software Foundation License / Zope Public License EPANET Public Domain EPANET-ERD Revised BSD License EPANET-MSX GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) v.3 gcovr Revised BSD License GRASP AT&T Commercial License for noncommercial use; includes randomsample and sideconstraints executable files LZMA SDK Public Domain nose GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) v.2.1 ordereddict MIT License pip MIT License PLY BSD License PyEPANET Revised BSD License Pyro MIT License PyUtilib Revised BSD License PyYAML MIT License runpy2 Python Software Foundation License setuptools Python Software Foundation License / Zope Public License six MIT License TinyXML zlib License unittest2 BSD License Utilib Revised BSD License virtualenv MIT License Vol Common Public License vpykit Revised BSD License Additionally, some precompiled WST binary distributions might bundle other third-party executables files: Coliny Revised BSD License (part of Acro project) Dakota GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) v.2.1 PICO Revised BSD License (part of Acro project) i Revised BSD License Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * Neither the name of Sandia National Laboratories nor Sandia Corporation nor the names of its con- tributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS %22AS IS%22 AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IM- PLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL SANDIA CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUD- ING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. ii Acknowledgements This work was supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development (Interagency Agreement %23 DW8992192801). The material in this document has been subject to technical and policy review by the U.S. EPA, and approved for publication. The views expressed by individual authors, however, are their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mention of trade names, products, or services does not convey official U.S. EPA approval, endorsement, or recommendation. The Water Security Toolkit is an extension of the Threat Ensemble Vulnerability Assessment-Sensor Place- ment Optimization Tool (TEVA-SPOT), which was also developed with funding from the U.S. Environ- mental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development (Interagency Agreement %23 DW8992192801). The authors acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to the devel- opment of TEVA-SPOT: Jonathan Berry (Sandia National Laboratories), Erik Boman (Sandia National Laboratories), Lee Ann Riesen (Sandia National Laboratories), James Uber (University of Cincinnati), and Jean-Paul Watson (Sandia National Laboratories). iii Acronyms ATUS American Time-Use Survey BLAS Basic linear algebra sub-routines CFU Colony-forming unit CVAR Conditional value at risk CWS Contamination warning system EA Evolutionary algorithm EDS Event detection system EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EC Extent of Contamination ERD EPANET results database file GLPK GNU Linear Programming Kit GRASP Greedy randomized adaptive sampling process HEX Hexadecimal HTML HyperText markup language INP EPANET input file LP Linear program MC Mass consumed MILP Mixed integer linear program MIP Mixed integer program MSX Multi-species extension for EPANET NFD Number of failed detections NS Number of sensors NZD Non-zero demand PD Population dosed PE Population exposed PK Population killed TAI Threat assessment input file TCE Tailed-conditioned expectation TD Time to detection TEC Timed extent of contamination TEVA Threat ensemble vulnerability assessment TSB Tryptic soy broth TSG Threat scenario generation file TSI Threat simulation input file VAR Value at risk VC Volume consumed WST Water Security Toolkit YML YAML configuration file format for WST iv Symbols Notation Definition Example %7B , %7D set brackets %7B 1,2,3 %7D means a set containing the values 1,2, and 3. [?] is an element of s [?] S means that s is an element of the set S . [?] for all s = 1 [?] s [?] S means that the statement s = 1 is true for all s in set S . P summation P n i =1 s i means s 1 + s 2 + * * * + s n . %5C set minus S %5C T means the set that contains all those elements of S that are not in set T . %7C given %7C is used to define conditional probability. P ( s %7C t ) means the prob- ability of s occurring given that t occurs. %7C ... %7C cardinality Cardinality of a set is the number of elements of the set. If set S = %7B 2,4,6 %7D , then %7C S %7C = 3. v