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1

The TE Wave Transmission Method for Electron Cloud Measurements at Cesr-TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLOUD MEASUREMENTS AT CESR-TA* S. De Santis # , J. Byrd,Wave measurements at the Cesr-TA ring at Cornell University.CBP-836 THE TE WAVE TRANSMISSION METHOD FOR

Desantis, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

29th International Cosmic Ray Conference Pune (2005) 00, 101-104 TeV Observations of EGRET Unidentified Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

29th International Cosmic Ray Conference Pune (2005) 00, 101-104 TeV Observations of EGRET sr), high (>90%) duty factor, TeV gamma-ray observatory is ideal for searching for TeV emission from Milagro has sufficient exposure. Of these 68 sources, 29 are within 10 degrees of the Galactic plane. Te

California at Santa Cruz, University of

3

X-ray Studies of Unidentified Galactic TeV Gamma-ray Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many of the recently discovered Galactic TeV sources remain unidentified to date. A large fraction of the sources is possibly associated with relic pulsar wind nebula (PWN) systems. One key question here is the maximum energy (beyond TeV) attained in the compact PWNe. Hard X-ray emission can trace those particles, but current non-focussing X-ray instruments above 10 keV have difficulties to deconvolve the hard pulsar spectrum from its surrounding nebula.Some of the new TeV sources are also expected to originate from middle-aged and possibly even from old supernova remnants (SNR). But no compelling case for such an identification has been found yet. In established young TeV-emitting SNRs, X-ray imaging above 10 keV could help to disentangle the leptonic from the hadronic emission component in the TeV shells, if secondary electrons produced in hadronic collisions can be effectively detected. As SNRs get older, the high energy electron component is expected to fade away. This may allow to verify the picture through X-ray spectral evolution of the source population.Starting from the lessons we have learned so far from X-ray follow-up observations of unidentified TeV sources, prospects for Simbol-X to resolve open questions in this field will be discussed.

Puehlhofer, Gerd [Institut fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Sand 1, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

4

DISCOVERY OF A NEW TeV GAMMA-RAY SOURCE: VER J0521+211  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the detection of a new TeV gamma-ray source, VER J0521+211, based on observations made with the VERITAS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Array. These observations were motivated by the discovery of a cluster of >30 GeV photons in the first year of Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. VER J0521+211 is relatively bright at TeV energies, with a mean photon flux of (1.93 ± 0.13{sub stat} ± 0.78{sub sys}) × 10{sup –11} cm{sup –2} s{sup –1} above 0.2 TeV during the period of the VERITAS observations. The source is strongly variable on a daily timescale across all wavebands, from optical to TeV, with a peak flux corresponding to ?0.3 times the steady Crab Nebula flux at TeV energies. Follow-up observations in the optical and X-ray bands classify the newly discovered TeV source as a BL Lac-type blazar with uncertain redshift, although recent measurements suggest z = 0.108. VER J0521+211 exhibits all the defining properties of blazars in radio, optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths.

Archambault, S. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Arlen, T.; Aune, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Behera, B.; Federici, S. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Bird, R. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Byrum, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Falcone, A., E-mail: fortin@veritas.sao.arizona.edu, E-mail: errando@astro.columbia.edu, E-mail: jholder@physics.udel.edu, E-mail: sfegan@llr.in2p3.fr [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Collaboration: VERITAS Collaboration; and others

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

5

Building America Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, Southface partnered with TaC Studios, an Atlanta based architecture firm specializing in residential and light commercial design, on the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA in the mixed-humid climate. This home serves as a residence and home office for the firm's owners, as well as a demonstration of their design approach to potential and current clients. Southface believes the home demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system. Construction quality and execution was a high priority for TaC Studios and was ensured by a third party review process. Post construction testing showed that the project met stated goals for envelope performance, an air infiltration rate of 2.15 ACH50. The homeowner's wished to further validate whole house energy savings through the project's involvement with Building America and this long-term monitoring effort. As a Building America test home, this home was evaluated to detail whole house energy use, end use loads, and the efficiency and operation of the ground source heat pump and associated systems. Given that the home includes many non-typical end use loads including a home office, pool, landscape water feature, and other luxury features not accounted for in Building America modeling tools, these end uses were separately monitored to determine their impact on overall energy consumption.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The GeV-TeV Connection in Galactic gamma-ray Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent observations by atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes such as H.E.S.S. and MAGIC have revealed a large number of new sources of very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-rays above 100 GeV, mostly concentrated along the Galactic plane. At lower energies (100 MeV - 10 GeV) the satellite-based instrument EGRET revealed a population of sources clustering along the Galactic Plane. Given their adjacent energy bands a systematic correlation study between the two source classes seems appropriate. While only a few of the sources connect, both in terms of positional coincidence and spectral consistency, most of the detections occur only in one or the other energy domain. In these cases, for the first time consistent upper limits in the other energy band have been derived. Here, the populations of Galactic sources in both energy domains are characterized on observational as well as on theoretical grounds, followed by an interpretation on their similarities and differences. The observational data at this stage suggest rather different major source populations at GeV and TeV energies. With regards to preparations for the upcoming GLAST mission that will cover the energy range bridging GeV and TeV instruments this paper investigates the connection between the population of sources in these bands and concludes with predictions for commonly observable sources for GLAST-LAT detections.

Funk, S.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Reimer, O.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Torres, Diego F.; /ICREA, Barcelona; Hinton, J.A.; /Leeds U.

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

7

TeV Scale Quantum Gravity and Mirror Supernovae as Sources of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror matter models have been suggested recently as an explanation of neutrino puzzles and microlensing anomalies. We show that mirror supernovae can be a copious source of energetic gamma rays if one assumes that the quantum gravity scale is in the TeV range. We show that under certain assumptions plausible in the mirror models, the gamma energies could be degraded to the 10 MeV range (and perhaps even further) so as to provide an explanation of observed gamma ray bursts. This mechanism for the origin of the gamma ray bursts has the advantage that it neatly avoids the ``baryon load problem''.

R. N. Mohapatra; S. Nussinov; V. L. Teplitz

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

8

Low temperature growth of ZnTe by synchroton radiation using metalorganic sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of synchrotron radiation to convert diethylzinc and diethyltelluride molecules into ZnTe has been employed for ZnTe growth. The formation of ZnTe epitaxial layer on (100) oriented GaAs substrate at room temperature is experimentally demonstrated. It is shown by x?ray photoelectron spectroscopy that no carbon is included in the film. ?

Makoto Ikejiri; Toshihiro Ogata; Hiroshi Ogawa; Mitsuhiro Nishio; Akira Yoshida

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

CMSC 412101 (Spring 1996) Professor: TA: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 412­101 (Spring 1996) Professor: TA: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Charles Lin Alex Kaplunovich 4161 AV Williams 1109 A V Williams 1109 A V Williams (40) 5­2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu clin

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

10

CMSC 412 (Spring 2002) Professor: TA: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 412 (Spring 2002) Professor: TA: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Abdel-Hameed Badawy Cemal Yilmaz 4161 AV Williams 1151 A V Williams 1151 A V Williams (40) 5-2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu absalam

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

11

Some possible sources of IceCube TeV-PeV neutrino events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The IceCube Collaboration has observed 37 neutrino events in the energy range $30\\, {\\text TeV}\\lesssim E_{\

Sarira Sahu; Luis Salvador Miranda

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

12

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells A a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx Keywords: Solar cells CdCl2 CdTe Thin absorbers Due to its high scalability and low production cost, CdTe solar cells have shown a very strong

Romeo, Alessandro

13

Preliminary design report of a relativistic-Klystron two-beam-accelerator based power source for a 1 TeV center-of-mass next linear collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary point design for an 11.4 GHz power source for a 1 TeV center-of-mass Next Linear Collider (NLC) based on the Relativistic-Klystron Two-Beam-Accelerator (RK-TBA) concept is presented. The present report is the result of a joint LBL-LLNL systems study. consisting of three major thrust areas: physics, engineering, and costing. The new RK-TBA point design, together with our findings in each of these areas, are reported.

Yu, S.; Goffeney, N.; Henestroza, E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

14

Note on XMM-Newton observations of the first unidentified TeV gamma-ray source TeV J2032+4130 by Horns et al. astro-ph/0705.0009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I comment on the -- apparent -- diffuse X-ray emission reported by Horns et al. in their XMM observations of TeV J2032+4130

Yousaf Butt

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag dy ta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tc 44 Ru 45 Rh 46 Pd 47 Ag 48 Cd 49 In 50 Sn 51 Sb 52 Te 53 I 54 Xe 55 Cs 56 Ba 57 La 72 Hf 73... Ta 74 W 75 Re 76 Os 77 Ir 78 Pt 79 Au 80 Hg 81 Tl 82 Pb 83 Bi 84 Po 85 At 86 Rn 87...

16

Low temperature CVD of TaB/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystalline TaB/sub 2/ has been deposited using the CVD reaction of TaCl/sub 5/ and B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ in the temperature range of 773-1200/sup 0/K. Thermodynamic calculations have been made which compare the use of both B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ and BCl/sub 3/ as B source gases. The deposits obtained with B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ exhibited extremely small crystal size and contained amorphous B when the deposition temperature was below approx. 873/sup 0/K but were substoichiometric in B above this temperature. Carbon analysis indicated that C may substitute for B and thereby stabilize the diboride structure at high deposition temperatures. Microhardness of the coatings decreased with increasing B/Ta ratio and decreasing crystal size.

Randich, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55 supports a wide range of national security programs that involve stockpile stewardship, plutonium processing, nuclear materials stabilization, materials disposition, nuclear forensics, nuclear counter-terrorism, and nuclear energy. ...the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. National Security At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), virtually all plutonium operations occur within the Plutonium Facility at Technical Area 55 (TA-55). TA-55 is the nation's most modern plutonium science and manufacturing facility, and it is the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. Thus, TA-55 supports a wide

18

Thin Metal Oxide Films to Modify a Window Layer in CdTe-Based Solar Cells for Improved Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on CdS/CdTe photovoltaic devices that contain a thin Ta2O5 film deposited onto the CdS window layer by sputtering. We show that for thicknesses below 5 nm, Ta2O5 films between CdS and CdTe positively affect the solar cell performance, improving JSC, VOC, and the cell power conversion efficiency despite the insulating nature of the interlayer material. Using the Ta2O5 interlayer, a VOC gain of over 100 mV was demonstrated compared to a CdTe/CdS baseline. Application of a 1nm Ta2O5 interlayer enabled the fabrication of CdTe solar cells with extremely thin (less than 30 nm) CdS window layers. The efficiency of these cells exceeded that of a base line cell with 95 nm of CdS.

Lemmon, John P.; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Bennett, Wendy D.; Kovarik, Libor

2012-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD,...

20

The Roles of Cu Impurity States in CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells Ken K. Chin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Roles of Cu Impurity States in CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells Ken K. Chin1 , T.A. Gessert2 of Cu impurity inclusion in CdTe thin film solar cells, such as degradation caused by Cu diffusion , and Su-Huai Wei2 1 Department of Physics and Apollo CdTe Solar Energy Research Center, NJIT, Newark, NJ

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

2014/2015 TA Training Program Page 1 of 4 Call for Proposals for 2014/2015 TA Training Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014/2015 TA Training Program Page 1 of 4 Call for Proposals for 2014/2015 TA Training Programs, the University is committed to providing educational programs specifically addressing TAs needs. The TA Training for the development, delivery, and assessment of TA training programs. In so doing, we expect a significant increase

Handy, Todd C.

22

CdSxTe1-x Alloying in CdS/CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering and coevaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both radio-frequency-magnetron-sputtered and coevaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x < 0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

125Te NMR chemical-shift trends in PbTe–GeTe and PbTe–SnTe alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex tellurides, such as doped PbTe, GeTe, and their alloys, are among the best thermoelectric materials. Knowledge of the change in 125Te NMR chemical shift due to bonding to dopant or “solute” atoms is useful for determination of phase composition, peak assignment, and analysis of local bonding. We have measured the 125Te NMR chemical shifts in PbTe-based alloys, Pb1?xGexTe and Pb1?xSnxTe, which have a rocksalt-like structure, and analyzed their trends. For low x, several peaks are resolved in the 22-kHz MAS 125Te NMR spectra. A simple linear trend in chemical shifts with the number of Pb neighbors is observed. No evidence of a proposed ferroelectric displacement of Ge atoms in a cubic PbTe matrix is detected at low Ge concentrations. The observed chemical shift trends are compared with the results of DFT calculations, which confirm the linear dependence on the composition of the first-neighbor shell. The data enable determination of the composition of various phases in multiphase telluride materials. They also provide estimates of the 125Te chemical shifts of GeTe and SnTe (+970 and +400±150 ppm, respectively, from PbTe), which are otherwise difficult to access due to Knight shifts of many hundreds of ppm in neat GeTe and SnTe.

Njegic, Bosiljka [Ames Laboratory; Levin, Evgenii M. [Ames Laboratory; Schmidt-Rohr, Klaus [Ames Laboratory

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

CMSC 311101 (Fall 1995) Professor: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 311­101 (Fall 1995) Professor: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Shekhar Patankar 4161 AV Williams 1109 A V Williams (40) 5­2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu shekhar@cs.umd.edu Office Hours: Tu 1:00­2:30 W 10

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

25

CRAD, Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal...

26

CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

27

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Emergency Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

28

CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Criticality Safety program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

29

CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Maintenance program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

30

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Emergency Management - Office of River Protection K Basin Sludge Waste System CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Training -...

31

AMS-TeX Source file  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The letter and the first suppressed manuscript remained hidden in the .... With these axioms mathematicians could understand the workings of the solar system,

32

$^{180}$Ta production in the classical s-process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production and survival of the quasistable isomer $^{180}$Ta during the stellar nucleosynthesis has remained a matter of discussion for years. A careful analysis of the available experimental data and theoretical calculations enabled us to reproduce the observed solar abundance of $^{180}$Ta in the classical s-process ($kT=28$ keV -- 33 keV).

Markus Loewe; Petr Alexa; Jorrit de Boer; Michael Wuerkner

2002-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

MCrAlY/TaC metal matrix composite coatings produced by electrospark deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MCrAlY/TaC metal matrix composite coatings with 10, 20 and 30 wt.% TaC have been successfully produced by electrospark deposition (ESD). The effects of TaC content...? columnar dendrite and large...

Yujiang Xie; Yanhong Yang; Mingsheng Wang…

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Magnetoluminescence of CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe heterostructures with ultrathin MnTe layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe/MnTe/CdMgTe quantum-well structures with one or two monolayers of MnTe inserted at CdTe/CdMgTe interfaces were fabricated. The spectra of the excitonic luminescence from CdTe quantum wells and their variation with temperature indicate that introduction of ultrathin MnTe layers improves the interface quality. The effect of a magnetic field in the Faraday configuration on the spectral position of the exciton-emission peaks indicates that frustration of magnetic moments in one-monolayer MnTe insertions is weaker than in two-monolayer insertions. The effect of a magnetic field on the exciton localization can be explained in terms of the exciton wave-function shrinkage and obstruction of the photoexcited charge-carrier motion in the quantum well.

Agekyan, V. F., E-mail: vfag@rambler.ru [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Holz, P. O. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Poland); Karczewski, G. [Linkoeping University (Sweden); Katz, V. N. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Moskalenko, E. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Serov, A. Yu.; Filosofov, N. G. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated radiation detector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work in this thesis is focused on the study of CdTe/CdZnTe pixellated detectors. During this research, three main aspects have been covered in the… (more)

Mohd Zain, Rasif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Weak topological insulators in PbTe/SnTe superlattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is desirable to realize topological phases in artificial structures by engineering electronic band structures. In this paper we investigate (PbTe)[subscript m](SnTe)[subscript 2n?m] superlattices along the [001] direction ...

Yang, Gang

37

TA53. Name of Tour: Tour Host and Z#: Date:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LANL-prohibited items (see P202-5). Y No NA Explain camera prohibition, including cell-phone cameras (P202-5, pg. 4). Y No NA Coordinate through LANSCE (TA-53) LANSCE...

38

Photoconduction in the Peierls conductor monoclinic TaS$_3$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoconduction in the monoclinic phase of quasi-one-dimensional conductor TaS$_3$ has been observed at $T quality dependence of both photoconduction and dark conduction at this temperature region has been observed. Together with a similarity of the main features of the photoconduction characteristic of both monoclinic ({\\it m-}TaS$_3$) and orthorhombic ({\\it o-}TaS$_3$) samples the following new peculiarities of photoconduction in {\\it m-}TaS$_3$ were found: 1) the dependence of the activation energy of photoconduction on temperature, $T$, 2) the change of the recombination mechanism from the linear type to the collisional one at low $T$ with a sample quality growth, 3) the existence of a fine structure of the electric-field dependence of photoconduction. Spectral study gives the Peierls energy gap value $2\\Delta ^*= 0.18$~eV.

V. E. Minakova; V. F. Nasretdinova; S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Measurements of the Threshold Displacement Energy in Ta and Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the damage rate (residual electrical resistivity per unit electron fluence) were measured as a function of incident electron energy in the range 1.0-2.2 MeV for 0.002-in.-diam Nb and Ta wires. The threshold energies, estimated by simple extrapolation to zero production rates, were 36 eV for Nb and 32 eV for Ta. The resistivity of a Frenkel pair was determined to be about 5.3 ?? cm/at.% for Nb and 1.9 ?? cm/at.% for Ta. The damage production curves for two other bcc metals, Mo and W, are compared with those for Nb and Ta.

G. Youngblood; S. Myhra; J. W. DeFord

1969-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Superficies y Vacio 8, 69-72(1999) Sociedad Mexicana de Ciencias de Superficies y de Vaco. Electronic properties of (CdTe)x(In2Te3)1-x thin films grown by close spaced vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(CSVT-FE); CdTe and In2Te3 were employed as sources. The temperature of evaporation of the CdTe and In2 the band gap energy from a value as low as 0.6 eV up to 1.5 eV, the band gap of CdTe. It has been reported I. INTRODUCTION The ternary compound CdIn2Te4 is of interest since all compounds formed by mixing CdTe

Meléndez Lira, Miguel Angel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Te INCLUSIONS IN CdTe GROWN FROM A SLOWLY COOLED Te SOLUTION AND BY THE TRAVELLING SOLVENT METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

135 Te INCLUSIONS IN CdTe GROWN FROM A SLOWLY COOLED Te SOLUTION AND BY THE TRAVELLING SOLVENT. Abstract. 2014 CdTe crystals have been grown from a slowly cooled Te solution and with the travelling. Introduction. - CdTe crystals for nuclear radia- tion detectors are usually grown from a slowly cooled solution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

42

CdS/CdTe Solar Cells Containing Directly-Deposited CdSxTe1-x Alloy Layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer forms by interdiffusion of CdS and CdTe during the fabrication of thin-film CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices. The CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer is thought to be important because it relieves strain at the CdS/CdTe interface that would otherwise exist due to the 10% lattice mismatch between these two materials. Our previous work [1] has indicated that the electrical junction is located in this interdiffused CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} region. Further understanding, however, is essential to predict the role of this CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} layer in the operation of CdS/CdTe devices. In this study, CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy films were deposited by radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering and co-evaporation from CdTe and CdS sources. Both RF-magnetron-sputtered and co-evaporated CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} films of lower S content (x<;0.3) have a cubic zincblende (ZB) structure akin to CdTe, whereas those of higher S content have a hexagonal wurtzite (WZ) structure like that of CdS. Films become less preferentially oriented as a result of a CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment (HT) at {approx}400 C for 5 min. Films sputtered in a 1% O{sub 2}/Ar ambient are amorphous as deposited, but show CdTe ZB, CdS WZ, and CdTe oxide phases after a CdCl{sub 2} HT. Films sputtered in O{sub 2} partial pressure have a much wider bandgap than expected. This may be explained by nanocrystalline size effects seen previously [2] for sputtered oxygenated CdS (CdS:O) films. Initial PV device results show that the introduction of a directly-deposited CdS{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} alloy layer into the device structure produces devices of comparable performance to those without the alloy layer when a CdCl{sub 2} HT is performed. Further investigation is required to determine whether the CdCl{sub 2} heat treatment step can be altered or eliminated through direct deposition of the alloy layer.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Moutinho, H. R.; To, B.; Pankow, J. W.; Kuciauskas, D.; Gessert, T. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

TeV Particle Astrophysics II: Summary comments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unifying theme of this conference was the use of different approaches to understand astrophysical sources of energetic particles in the TeV range and above. In this summary I review how gamma-ray astronomy, neutrino astronomy and (to some extent) gravitational wave astronomy provide complementary avenues to understanding the origin and role of high-energy particles in energetic astrophysical sources.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

Superficies y Vaco 12, 16-19, Junio 2001 Sociedad Mexicana de Ciencia de Superficies y de Vaco. Near-IR bandgap engineering employing the alloy (CdTe)x(In2Te3)1-x  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the closed space vapor transport technique combined with free evaporation. As sources we employed CdTe and In thin films 1. Introduction CdTe and its alloys are versatile optoelectronic materials, some of 1.19 eV and 1.15 eV have been reported [5, 6], suggest the use of the compounds In2Te3 and CdTe

Meléndez Lira, Miguel Angel

45

EA-1407: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

07: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and 07: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico EA-1407: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to construct and operate offices, laboratories, and shops within the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) Technical Area 16 engineering complex where Engineering and Science Applications Division operations would be consolidated from other locations at LANL. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 23, 2002 EA-1407: Finding of No Significant Impact

46

Extragalactic star-forming galaxies with hypernovae and supernovae as high-energy neutrino and gamma-ray sources: the case of the 10 TeV neutrino data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In light of the latest IceCube data, we discuss the implications of the cosmic ray energy input from hypernovae and supernovae into the Universe, and their propagation in the hosting galaxy and galaxy clusters or groups. The magnetic confinement in these environments may lead to efficient $pp$ collisions, resulting in a diffuse neutrino spectrum extending from PeV down to 10 TeV energies, with a spectrum and flux level compatible with that recently reported by IceCube. If the diffuse 10 TeV neutrino background largely comes from such the CR reservoirs, the corresponding diffuse gamma-ray background should be compatible with the recent \\textit{Fermi} data. In this scenario, the CR energy input from hypernovae should be dominant over that of supernovae, implying that the starburst scenario does not work if the supernova energy budget is a factor of two larger than the hypernova energy budget. Thus, this strong case scenario can be supported or ruled out in near future.

Senno, Nicholas; Murase, Kohta; Baerwald, Philipp; Rees, Martin J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Evaluation of airflow patterns in 2706-T and 2706-TA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of the current placement of fixed head air samplers and continuous air monitors (CAMs) in the 2706-T and 2706-TA Complex. The airflow study consisted of 6 configurations of facility HVAC and HEPA filtration equipment to determine impacts on CAM location. The results of this study provide recommendations based on guidance in DOE G 411.1-8 and NUREG-1400 for placement of fixed head air samplers or CAMS within 2706-T and 2706-TA.

DEROSA, D.C.

1999-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

48

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Abstract: Radiation detection...

49

New limits on the $?^{+}$EC and ECEC processes in $^{120}$Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New limits on the double beta processes for $^{120}$Te have been obtained using a 400 cm$^3$ HPGe detector and a source consisting of natural Te0$_2$ powder. At a confidence level of 90% the limits are $0.19\\times 10^{18}$ y for the $\\beta^+$EC$(0\

A S Barabash; F Hubert; Ph Hubert; V Umatov

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

50

Bandgap engineering of CdxZn1xTe nanowires Keivan Davami,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

junction. These structures have been used in solar cells2,3 and eld effect transistors.4 Alloy nanowires device fabrication. Alloy nano- wires in various systems have been used to construct solar cells into a furnace. In a set of trial experiments, ZnTe (99.99% Aldrich) and CdTe (99.99% Aldrich) source powders

Cuniberti, Gianaurelio

51

Diffuse TeV Emission at the Galactic Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The High-Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) has detected intense diffuse TeV emission correlated with the distribution of molecular gas along the galactic ridge at the centre of our Galaxy. Earlier HESS observations of this region had already revealed the presence of several point sources at these energies, one of them (HESS J1745-290) coincident with the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A*. It is still not entirely clear what the origin of the TeV emission is, nor even whether it is due to hadronic or leptonic interactions. It is reasonable to suppose, however, that at least for the diffuse emission, the tight correlation of the intensity distribution with the molecular gas indicates a pionic-decay process involving relativistic protons. In this paper, we explore the possible source(s) of energetic hadrons at the galactic centre, and their propagation through a turbulent medium. We conclude that though Sagittarius A* itself may be the source of cosmic rays producing the emission in HESS J1745-290, it cannot be responsible for the diffuse emission farther out. A distribution of point sources, such as pulsar wind nebulae dispersed along the galactic plane, similarly do not produce a TeV emission profile consistent with the HESS map. We conclude that only a relativistic proton distribution accelerated throughout the inter-cloud medium can account for the TeV emission profile measured with HESS.

Elizabeth Wommer; Fulvio Melia; Marco Fatuzzo

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

52

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Useful Matlab commands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Useful Matlab commands Basics help function is for ... Comments in function and script files: any text after the % is ignored by Matlab global x Make x a global/Output For input and output within Matlab save('fileName.mat','x','y') Save x and y in a file called file

Baskett, Marissa L.

53

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography Print Thursday, 22 August 2013 10:50 TE Connectivity is a world leader in connectivity-the...

54

TenTen: A New Array of Multi-TeV Imaging Cherenkov Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exciting results from H.E.S.S. point to a new population of gamma-ray sources at energies E > 10 TeV, paving the way for future studies and new discoveries in the multi-TeV energy range. Connected with these energies is the search for sources of PeV cosmic-rays (CRs) and the study of multi-TeV gamma-ray production in a growing number of astrophysical environments. TenTen is a proposed stereoscopic array (with a suggested site in Australia) of modest-sized (10 to 30m^2) Cherenkov imaging telescopes with a wide field of view (8 to 10deg diameter) optimised for the E~10 to 100 TeV range. TenTen will achieve an effective area of ~10 km^2 at energies above 10 TeV. We outline here the motivation for TenTen and summarise key performance parameters.

Rowell, G; Clay, R; Dawson, B; Denman, J; Protheroe, R; Smith, A G K; Thornton, G; Wild, N

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

TenTen: A New Array of Multi-TeV Imaging Cherenkov Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exciting results from H.E.S.S. point to a new population of gamma-ray sources at energies E > 10 TeV, paving the way for future studies and new discoveries in the multi-TeV energy range. Connected with these energies is the search for sources of PeV cosmic-rays (CRs) and the study of multi-TeV gamma-ray production in a growing number of astrophysical environments. TenTen is a proposed stereoscopic array (with a suggested site in Australia) of modest-sized (10 to 30m^2) Cherenkov imaging telescopes with a wide field of view (8 to 10deg diameter) optimised for the E~10 to 100 TeV range. TenTen will achieve an effective area of ~10 km^2 at energies above 10 TeV. We outline here the motivation for TenTen and summarise key performance parameters.

G. Rowell; V. Stamatescu; R. Clay; B. Dawson; J. Denman; R. Protheroe; A. G. K. Smith; G. Thornton; N. Wild

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

A combinatorial investigation of sputtered Ta–Al–C thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We describe a combinatorial experiment investigating the Ta–Al–C material system, conducted with the aim of determining why the tantalum-containing Mn + 1AXn phases have so far proved to be not amenable to thin-film synthesis. Samples were deposited onto (0001) Al2O3 wafers at 850 °C and characterized by X-ray diffraction wafer maps, scanning electron microscopy, and surface optical scattering. Elemental Ta, the binary phases TaC, Ta2C, and TaAl3, and the ternary phases Ta3Al2C and Ta5Al3C were identified. The morphology, phase composition and preferred orientation of the films deposited were found to be highly sensitive to the Ta fraction of the incident flux during deposition. No MAX phase material was observed, indicating that the Ta-containing MAX phases do not form under the deposition conditions investigated. Explanations associated with inadequate coverage of stochiometries, preferential sputtering, and thermodynamic instability have been ruled out. An explanation based on reduced surface diffusion of Ta during growth is proposed. A substantially higher substrate temperature during deposition is likely to be required to synthesize Ta-containing MAX phases.

Mark D. Tucker; Marcela M.M. Bilek; David R. McKenzie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Synthesis and Optical Properties of NuTaN2: Potential Solar Cell Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Layered CuTaN2 was synthesized by an ion exchange reaction of CuI and NaTaN2 as previously reported. Based on the results of EDX analysis, the Cu:Ta ratio of the CuTaN2 sample was 1:1 within the overall errors when examining powders of +/-10% and no Na was detected. The crystal structure and thermal stability of CuTaN2 was accurately determined by Rietveld analysis of the powder X-ray Diffraction profile and by TGA analysis, respectively. CuTaN2 crystallizes in a rhombohedral structure with space group R-3mH as shown in [figure 1]. CuTaN2 possesses a band gap of 1.53(x) eV, which is in reasonable agreement with density functional theory calculations of Cu containing nitrides. Similar materials may be even better suited for solar cell application.

Yang, M.; Zakutayev, A.; Zhang, X.; Ginley, D.; DiSalvo, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Complete genome sequence of Tolumonas auensis type strain (TA 4T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tolumonas auensis Fischer-Romero et al. 1996 is currently the only validly named species of the genus Tolumonas in the family Aeromonadaceae. The strain is of interest because of its ability to produce toluene from phenylalanine and other phenyl precursors, as well as phenol from tyrosine. This is of interest because toluene is normally considered to be a tracer of anthropogenic pollution in lakes, but T. auensis represents a biogenic source of toluene. Oth- er than Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila, T. auensis strain TA 4T is the only other member in the family Aeromonadaceae with a completely sequenced type-strain genome. The 3,471,292 bp chromosome with a total of 3,288 protein-coding and 116 RNA genes was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Program JBEI 2008.

Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Berry, Alison M [California Institute of Technology, University of California, Davis; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hammon, Nancy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Richardson, P M [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Schmutz, Jeremy [Stanford University; Brettin, Thomas S [ORNL; Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Spring, Stefan [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Rohde, Manfred [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goker, Markus [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Beller, Harry R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Complete genome sequence of Tolumonas auensis type strain (TA 4T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tolumonas auensis (Fischer-Romero et al. 1996) is currently the only validly named species of the genus Tolumonas in the family Aeromonadaceae. The strain is of interest because of its ability to produce toluene from phenylalanine and other phenyl precursors, as well as phenol from tyrosine. This is of interest because toluene is normally considered to be a tracer of anthropogenic pollution in lakes, but T. auensis represents a biogenic source of toluene. Other than Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila, T. auensis strain TA 4T is the only other member in the family Aeromonadaceae with a completely sequenced type-strain genome. The 3,471,292-bp chromosome with a total of 3,288 protein-coding and 116 RNA genes was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Program JBEI 2008.

Chertkov, Olga; Copeland, Alex; Lucas1, Susa; Lapidus, Alla; Berry, KerrieW.; Detter, JohnC.; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana; Hammon, Nancy; Dalin, Eileen; Tice, Hope; Pitluck, Sam; Richardson, Paul; Bruce, David; Goodwin, Lynne; Han, Cliff; Tapia, Roxanne; Saunders, Elizabeth; Schmutz, Jeremy; Brettin, Thomas; Larimer, Frank; Land, Miriam; Hauser, Loren; Spring, Stefan; Rohde, Manfred; Kyrpides, NikosC.; Ivanova, Natalia; Göker, Markus; Beller, HarryR.; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Woyke, Tanja

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

60

Detector Performance of Ammonium-Sulfide-Passivated CdZnTe and CdMnTe Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dark currents, including those in the surface and bulk, are the leading source of electronic noise in X-ray and gamma detectors, and are responsible for degrading a detector's energy resolution. The detector material itself determines the bulk leakage current; however, the surface leakage current is controllable by depositing appropriate passivation layers. In previous research, we demonstrated the effectiveness of surface passivation in CZT (CdZnTe) and CMT (CdMnTe) materials using ammonium sulfide and ammonium fluoride. In this research, we measured the effect of such passivation on the surface states of these materials, and on the performances of detectors made from them.

Kim, K.H.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; Camarda, G.S.; Marchini, L.; Yang, G.; Hossain, A.; Cui, Y.; Xu, L.; and James, R.B.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

IR spectroscopy of lattice vibrations and comparative analysis of the ZnTe/CdTe quantum-dot superlattices on the GaAs substrate and with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparative analysis of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with the CdTe quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers is carried out. The elastic-stress-induced shifts of eigenfrequencies of the modes of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibrations of materials forming similar superlattices but grown on different buffer ZnTe and CdTe layers are compared. The conditions of formation of quantum dots in the ZnTe/CdTe superlattices on the ZnTe and CdTe buffer layers differ radically.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of CdTe Nanoparticles. Upconversion Luminescence of CdTe Nanoparticles. Abstract: Efficient upconversion luninescence is observed from CdTe nanoparticles in solution and...

63

Diffusion of Te vacancy and interstitials of Te, Cl, O, S, P and Sb in CdTe: A density functional theory study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffusion of Te vacancy and interstitials of Te, Cl, O, S, P and Sb in CdTe: A density functional profiles in CdTe of native, Te adatom and vacancy, and anionic non-native interstitial adatoms P, Sb, O, S B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Cadmium telluride (CdTe) based thin films have emerged

Khare, Sanjay V.

64

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TA 55 SST TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Quality Assurance Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility

65

Magnetotransport measurements of current induced effective fields in Ta/CoFeB/MgO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluate current-induced effective magnetic fields in perpendicularly magnetized Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures from the external magnetic field angle dependence of the Hall resistance. We confirm the presence of two components of effective fields. The dependence of their magnitudes on Ta thickness implies that both components are related to the spin current in Ta layer generated by the spin Hall effect.

Zhang, Chaoliang [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yamanouchi, Michihiko, E-mail: m-yama@riec.tohoku.ac.jp; Ikeda, Shoji [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Sato, Hideo; Fukami, Shunsuke [Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Matsukura, Fumihiro; Ohno, Hideo [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

66

Reduced-temperature processing and consolidation of ultra-refractory Ta4HfC5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

TaC, HfC, and WC powders were subjected to high-energy milling and hot pressing to produce Ta4HfC5, a composite of Ta(4)HfC5 + 30 vol.% WC, and a composite of Ta4HfC5 + 50 vol.% WC. Sub-micron powders were examined after four different milling intervals prior to hot pressing. XRD was used to verify proper phase formation. SEM, relative density, and hardness measurements were used to examine the resulting phases. Hot pressed compacts of Ta4HfC5 showed densification as high as 98.6% along with Vickers hardness values of 21.4 GPa. Similarly, Ta4HfC5 + 30 vol.% WC exhibited 99% densification with a Vickers hardness of 22.5 GPa. These levels of densification were achieved at 1500 degrees C, which is lower than any previously reported sintering temperature for Ta4HfC5. Microhardness values measured in this study were higher than those previously reported for Ta4HfC5. The WC additions to Ta4HfC5 were found to improve densification and increase microhardness. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Gaballa, Osama [Ames Laboratory; Cook, B. A. [TRI International; Russell, A. M. [Ames Laboratory

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

67

Geology of the Western Part of Los Alamos National Laboratory (TA-3 to TA-16), Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data that elucidate the stratigraphy, geomorphology, and structure in the western part of Los Alamos National Laboratory between Technical Areas 3 and 16 (TA-3 and TA-16). Data include those gathered by geologic mapping of surficial, post-Bandelier Tuff strata, conventional and high-precision geologic mapping and geochemical analysis of cooling units within the Bandelier Tuff, logging of boreholes and a gas pipeline trench, and structural analysis using profiles, cross sections, structure contour maps, and stereographic projections. This work contributes to an improved understanding of the paleoseismic and geomorphic history of the area, which will aid in future seismic hazard evaluations and other investigations. The study area lies at the base of the main, 120-m (400-ft) high escarpment formed by the Pajarito fault, an active fault of the Rio Grande rift that bounds Los Alamos National Laboratory on the west. Subsidiary fracturing, faulting, and folding associated with the Pajarito fault zone extends at least 1,500 m (5,000 ft) to the east of the main Pajarito fault escarpment. Stratigraphic units in the study area include upper units of the Tshirege Member of the early Pleistocene Bandelier Tuff, early Pleistocene alluvial fan deposits that predate incision of canyons on this part of the Pajarito Plateau, and younger Pleistocene and Holocene alluvium and colluvium that postdate drainage incision. We discriminate four sets of structures in the area between TA-3 and TA-16: (a) north-striking faults and folds that mark the main zone of deformation, including a graben in the central part of the study area; (b) north-northwest-striking fractures and rare faults that bound the eastern side of the principal zone of deformation and may be the surface expression of deep-seated faulting; (c) rare northeast-striking structures near the northern limit of the area associated with the southern end of the Rendija Canyon fault; and (d) several small east-west-striking faults. We consider all structures to be Quaternary in that they postdate the Tshirege Member (1.22 million years old) of the Bandelier Tuff. Older mesa-top alluvial deposits (Qoal), which may have a large age range but are probably in part about 1.13 million years old, are clearly faulted or deformed by many structures. At two localities, younger alluvial units (Qfo and Qfi) appear to be truncated by faults, but field relations are obscure, and we cannot confirm the presence of fault contacts. The youngest known faulting in the study area occurred in Holocene time on a down-to-the-west fault, recently trenched at the site of a new LANL Emergency Operations Center (Reneau et al. 2002).

C.J.Lewis; A.Lavine; S.L.Reneau; J.N.Gardner; R.Channell; C.W.Criswell

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Study of possible systematics in the L*X - Ta* correlation of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic sources in the universe and among the farthest known astrophysical sources. These features make them appealing candidates as standard candles for cosmological applications so that studying the physical mechanisms for the origin of the emission and correlations among their observable properties is an interesting task. We consider here the luminosity L*X - break time Ta* (hereafter LT) correlation and investigate whether there are systematics induced by selection effects or redshift dependent calibra- tion. We perform this analysis both for the full sample of 77 GRBs with known redshift and for the subsample of GRBs having canonical X-ray light curves, hereafter called U0095 sample. We do not find any systematic bias thus con- firming the existence of physical GRB subclasses revealed by tight correlations of their afterglow properties. Furthermore, we study the possibility of applying the LT correlation as a redshift estimator both for the full distribution and for the canonical lightcurves. The large uncertainties and the non negligible intrin- sic scatter make the results not so encouraging, but there are nevertheless some hints motivating a further analysis with an increased U0095 sample.

M. G. Dainotti; V. F. Cardone; S. Capozziello; M. Ostrowski; R. Willingale

2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

69

Poly(ethyleneimine) as a Passivating Agent for Ta Chemical Mechanical Planarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of approximately 3 times in the Ta removal rate in a model CMP slurry upon addition of 3000 ppm PEI. © 2010 allow reduced downforce or higher removal rates. These observations are consistent with an increase and Ta removal and nanoscale planarization.3,4 Cu is easily chemically etched, so the chemical component

Suni, Ian Ivar

70

Physical and chemical characterization of combinatorial metal gate electrode Ta-C-N library film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports comprehensive structural and chemical analyses for the combinatorial Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2} system, crucial data for understanding the electrical properties of Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2}. Combinatorial Ta-C-N 'library' (composition spread) films were deposited by magnetron sputtering. Electron probe wavelength dispersive spectroscopy and x-ray fluorescence-yield near-edge spectroscopy were used to quantitatively determine the composition across these films. Scanning x-ray microdiffractometry determined that a solid solution of Ta(C,N){sub x} forms and extends to compositions (0.3<=Ta<=0.5 and 0.57<=Ta<=0.67) that were previously unknown. The thermal stability of the Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2} library was studied using high resolution transmission electron microscopy, which shows Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si exhibiting good thermal stability up to 950 deg. C.

Chang, K.-S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Green, M. L.; Levin, I.; Hattrick-Simpers, J. R.; Jaye, C.; Fischer, D. A. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Takeuchi, I. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); De Gendt, S. [IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium and Department of Chemistry, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Physica E 40 (2007) 430433 Trigger system for the TA fluorescence detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the SD array enables us to improve the energy and angular resolution. The TA is expected to achieve detector (SD) array to study ultra high energy cosmic rays. In this paper, we describe the development and status of the trigger system for the TA FDs. The trigger system consists of three components, those

72

CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Industrial Hygiene program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

73

X-ray standing wave study of CdTe/MnTe/CdTe(001) heterointerfaces J. C. Boulliard,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

features of the first stages of growth of ultrathin pseudomorphic MnTe 001 strained layers buried in CdTe on CdTe 001 substrates. Experiments with 004 and 113 reflecting planes show evidence of the presenceTe layers grown in CdTe 001 by molecular beam epitaxy. The results will be compared to high resolution

Boyer, Edmond

74

Observation de super-rseaux CdTe-HgTe par microscopie lectronique en transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-conducteurs II-VI a été beaucoup plus tardive [2]. Dans cette dernière famille, le système CdTe- HgTe présente l'avantage d'un accord de maille quasi parfait entre les deux composés (a = 0,648 nm pour CdTe contre a = 0 JET MOL�CULAIRE. - Les super- réseaux CdTe-HgTe ont été épitaxiés sur un substrat CdTe d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Chemical Concentrations in Field Mice from Open-Detonation Firing Sites TA-36 Minie and TA-39 Point 6 at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field mice (mostly Peromyscus spp.) were collected at two open-detonation (high explosive) firing sites - Minie at Technical Area (TA) 36 and Point 6 at TA-39 - at Los Alamos National Laboratory in August of 2010 and in February of 2011 for chemical analysis. Samples of whole body field mice from both sites were analyzed for target analyte list elements (mostly metals), dioxin/furans, polychlorinated biphenyl congeners, high explosives, and perchlorate. In addition, uranium isotopes were analyzed in a composite sample collected from TA-36 Minie. In general, all constituents, with the exception of lead at TA-39 Point 6, in whole body field mice samples collected from these two open-detonation firing sites were either not detected or they were detected below regional statistical reference levels (99% confidence level), biota dose screening levels, and/or soil ecological chemical screening levels. The amount of lead in field mice tissue collected from TA-39 Point 6 was higher than regional background, and some lead levels in the soil were higher than the ecological screening level for the field mouse; however, these levels are not expected to affect the viability of the populations over the site as a whole.

Fresquez, Philip R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays and Prompt TeV Gamma Rays from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) have been proposed as one {\\it possible} class of sources of the Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) events observed up to energies $\\gsim10^{20}\\ev$. The synchrotron radiation of the highest energy protons accelerated within the GRB source should produce gamma rays up to TeV energies. Here we briefly discuss the implications on the energetics of the GRB from the point of view of the detectability of the prompt TeV gamma rays of proton-synchrotron origin in GRBs in the up-coming ICECUBE muon detector in the south pole.

Pijushpani Bhattacharjee; Nayantara Gupta

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

77

Heterovalent substitutions in Na2M2TeO6 family: Crystal structure, fast sodium ion conduction and phase transition of Na2LiFeTeO6  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new solid electrolyte Na2LiFeTeO6 has been prepared by solid-state reactions in air at 700 °C and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, redox titration and impedance measurements on ceramic samples. It is a new superstructure type of the well-known hexagonal layered P2 type with complete ordering of Li, Fe and Te in octahedral brucite-like layers: orthorhombic, P212121, a = 5.2109(1), b = 8.9791(2), c = 11.2389(2) Å, Z = 4. At room temperature, sodium ions in the interlayer gap are concentrated in two of the six non-equivalent trigonal prisms; at elevated temperatures, they exhibit high ionic conductivity, e.g., 4 S/m at 300 °C. Orthorhombic distortion decreases on heating, presumably due to sodium movement, and vanishes at ca. 400 °C giving rise to the hexagonal Na2Co2TeO6-type structure. Analogous Na2LiRTeO6 (R = Al or Ga), Na2LiFeWO6, Na2Mn2TeO6, Na2M2WO6 (M = Ni or Cu), Na2NiMSbO6 (M = Al or Fe) and Na2NiAlTO6 (T = Nb or Ta) could not be prepared.

V.B. Nalbandyan; ?.?. Petrenko; M.A. Evstigneeva

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TE Connectivity Finds Answers in TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography TE Connectivity Finds Answers in Tomography Print Thursday, 22 August 2013 10:50 TE Connectivity is a world leader in connectivity-the $13 billion global company designs and manufactures more than 500,000 different electronic connectivity products for the automotive, energy, industrial, broadband communications, consumer device, healthcare, aerospace, and defense industries. TE Connectivity has a long-standing commitment to innovation and engineering excellence. Their products help address challenges arising from companies' need for energy efficiency, always-on communications, and ever-increasing productivity. Recently, a team led by TE's senior manager of materials development, Dr. Jerzy Gazda (at left), has been investigating how ALS tomography capabilities can help the company develop more efficient connectors.

79

Influence of shockwave obliquity on deformation twin formation in Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energetic loading subjects a material to a 'Taylor wave' (triangular wave) loading profile that experiences an evolving balance of hydrostatic (spherical) and deviatoric stresses. While much has been learned over the past five decades concerning the propensity of deformation twinning in samples shockloaded using 'square-topped' profiles as a function of peak stress, achieved most commonly via flyer plate loading, less is known concerning twinning propensity during non-I-dimensional sweeping detonation wave loading. Systematic small-scale energetically-driven shock loading experiments were conducted on Ta samples shock loaded with PEFN that was edge detonated. Deformation twinning was quantified in post-mortem samples as a function of detonation geometry and radial position. In the edge detonated loading geometry examined in this paper, the average volume fraction of deformation twins was observed to drastically increase with increasing shock obliquity. The results of this study are discussed in light of the formation mechanisms of deformation twins, previous literature studies of twinning in shocked materials, and modeling of the effects of shock obliquity on the evolution of the stress tensor during shock loading.

Gray, George T., III [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Livescu, V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, E K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mason, T A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maudlin, P J [RETIRED; Bingert, J F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

80

Si, CdTe and CdZnTe radiation detectors for imaging applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The structure and operation of CdTe, CdZnTe and Si pixel detectors based on crystalline semiconductors, bump bonding and CMOS technology and developed mainly at Oy… (more)

Schulman, Tom

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NEPA REVIEW LASO-10-002 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION PAJARITO ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY SHIFT AT TA-50 AND TA-55  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIEW REVIEW LASO-10-002 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION PAJARITO ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY SHIFT AT TA-50 AND TA-55 1. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION: LANL proposes to shift a segment of Pajarito Road slightly to the south along the edge of Two-Mile Canyon in the vicinity of TA-55. The existing centerline would be moved between 36 feet and 56 feet depending on final designs. This shift would address the need to integrate security requirements related to the Chemistry and Metallurgy Building Replacement Project (CMRR) and the Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades Project (NMSSIJP) - specifically placement of the Perimeter Intrusion Detection, Assessment, and Delay System fence improvements in proximity to Pajarito Road. Pajarito Road is not open to the public and is secured to preclude unauthorized access to the facilities between

82

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate and electrolyzing the leachate to separate Cd from Te, wherein the Te is deposits onto a cathode while the Cd remains in solution.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

High energy resolution hard X-ray and gamma-ray imagers using CdTe diode devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We developed CdTe double-sided strip detectors (DSDs or cross strip detectors) and evaluated their spectral and imaging performance for hard X-rays and gamma-rays. Though the double-sided strip configuration is suitable for imagers with a fine position resolution and a large detection area, CdTe diode DSDs with indium (In) anodes have yet to be realized due to the difficulty posed by the segmented In anodes. CdTe diode devices with aluminum (Al) anodes were recently established, followed by a CdTe device in which the Al anodes could be segmented into strips. We developed CdTe double-sided strip devices having Pt cathode strips and Al anode strips, and assembled prototype CdTe DSDs. These prototypes have a strip pitch of 400 micrometer. Signals from the strips are processed with analog ASICs (application specific integrated circuits). We have successfully performed gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy with a position resolution of 400 micrometer. Energy resolution of 1.8 keV (FWHM: full width at half maximum) was obtained at 59.54 keV. Moreover, the possibility of improved spectral performance by utilizing the energy information of both side strips was demonstrated. We designed and fabricated a new analog ASIC, VA32TA6, for the readout of semiconductor detectors, which is also suitable for DSDs. A new feature of the ASIC is its internal ADC function. We confirmed this function and good noise performance that reaches an equivalent noise charge of 110 e- under the condition of 3-4 pF input capacitance.

Shin Watanabe; Shin-nosuke Ishikawa; Hiroyuki Aono; Shin'ichiro Takeda; Hirokazu Odaka; Motohide Kokubun; Tadayuki Takahashi; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Hiroyasu Tajima; Mitsunobu Onishi; Yoshikatsu Kuroda

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

84

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - al hf ta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a JEOL electron microprobe and Ca, Ti, Nb, Ta, Hf and Zr abundances measured using laser ablation... for an Al-rich chon- drule. As Figure 1 shows there is little evidence for...

86

Roughening of the interface between grains and liquid matrix in sintered TaC-20Ni  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grains in TaC-20 wt pct Ni alloy prepared by liquidphase sintering at 1480°C have orthorhombic shapes with flat {100} faces and sharp edges. These grains show abnormal growth. When sintered at 2020°C, the gra...

Young Kyu Cho; Duk Yong Yoon; Jung Hoon Choi…

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A TA Suppression Method Based on Wavelet Transform for Perpendicular Recording Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the recording density yet with the decreasing of the flying heights, the TA effect, as a consequence, is taken into account even more seriously, especially for the designs of future disk drives. Undoubtedly, an approach

Kovintavewat, Piya

88

Collisional spreading of Enceladus' neutral cloud T.A. Cassidy *, R.E. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collisional spreading of Enceladus' neutral cloud T.A. Cassidy *, R.E. Johnson Charlottesville exchange momentum, causing deflections whether or not a charge exchange occurs (e.g., Johnson et al., 2006a

Johnson, Robert E.

89

Prediction of hexagonal Ta2O5 structure by first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The undetermined crystal structure of hexagonal Ta2O5 is predicted by the first-principles ultrasoft pseudopotential calculations. Among the several hypothetical structures, the structure which is energetically favorable and consistent with the available experimental data is determined by minimizing the total energy with respect to the volume, the c/a ratio, and the atomic configurations. The predicted structure has the space group of P6/mmm with two formula units in the unit cell. The calculated lattice constants, a=7.191 ? and c=3.831 ?, are in good agreement with the x-ray-diffraction measurement if a is assumed to be twice as large as the measured value due to the extinction rule. The coordination number of O atom to Ta atom is 8 for one Ta atom and 6 for the other three Ta atoms.

Atsuo Fukumoto and Kazutoshi Miwa

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Model independent determination of the spin of the {sup 180}Ta naturally occurring isomer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hyperfine structures of the 33715.27 cm{sup -1} and 33706.47 cm{sup -1} transitions from the ground state of singly ionized Ta have been measured by collinear laser spectroscopy. The structures were found to contain a large second order contribution. From fitting the observed hyperfine components for both {sup 181}Ta and the {sup 180}Ta naturally occurring isomer it was possible to determine the first and second order hyperfine structure coefficients. As no model independent determination of the nuclear spin of the {sup 180}Ta isomer has been performed, fitting was attempted for a range of spins. A clear chi-squared minimum is obtained for a nuclear spin of 9, in agreement with model dependent measurements.

Bissell, M. L.; Baczynska, K.; Forest, D. H.; Gardner, M. D.; Tungate, G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Billowes, J.; Campbell, P.; Cheal, B.; Tordoff, B. [Schuster Laboratory, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Eronen, T.; Moore, I. D.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, PB 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Kah-nee-ta Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Warm Springs, Oregon Coordinates 44.7634519°, -121.2661625° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

92

TeV J2032+4130: a not-so-dark Accelerator?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HEGRA gamma-ray source TeV J2032+4130 is considered the prototypical 'dark accelerator', since it was the first TeV source detected with no firm counterparts at lower frequencies. The Whipple collaboration observed this source in 2003-5 and the emission hotspot appears displaced about 9 arcminutes to the northeast of the HEGRA position, though given the large positional uncertainties the HEGRA and Whipple positions are consistent. Here we report on Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT), Very Large Array (VLA), Chandra and INTEGRAL data covering the locations of the Whipple and HEGRA hotspots. We confirm a dual-lobed radio source (also see Marti et al., 2007) coincident with the Whipple hotspot, as well as a weak, partially non-thermal shell-like object, with a location and morphology very similar to the HEGRA source, in our WSRT and mosaicked VLA datasets, respectively. Due to its extended nature, it is likely that the latter structure is a more plausible counterpart of the reported very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emissions in this region. If so, TeV J2032+4130 may not be a 'dark accelerator' after all. Further observations with the new generation of imaging Cherenkov telescopes are needed to pin down the precise location and morphology of the TeV emission region and thus clear up the confusion over its possible lower frequency counterparts.

Yousaf M. Butt; Jorge A. Combi; Jeremy Drake; John P. Finley; Alexander Konopelko; Matthew Lister; Jerome Rodriguez; Debra Shepherd

2006-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Recycling ZnTe, CdTe, and Other Compound Semiconductors by Ambipolar Electrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrochemical behavior of ZnTe and CdTe compound semiconductors dissolved in molten ZnCl[subscript 2] and equimolar CdCl[subscript 2]–KCl, respectively, was examined. In these melts dissolved Te is present as the ...

Osswald, Sebastian

94

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells and durabilityand durability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells Semitransparent ultrathin CdTe solar cells core technology is built around · sputter deposition · CdS/CdTe cell structure · Extensive IPTe cellsultrathin CdTe cells X26 stateoftheart compared with other CdTe deposition: [X26 technology has been

Rollins, Andrew M.

95

Unique LaTaO[subscript 4] Polymorph for Multiple Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare-earth niobate and tantalate (RE-Nb/Ta) materials are of considerable interest in environmental and energy-related applications that include phosphors for solid-state lighting, photocatalysts for both contaminant degeneration and H{sub 2} generation, chemically robust hosts for nuclear materials and wastes, and ion conductors for lithium batteries or solid-oxide fuel cells. However, the chemically inert nature limits the synthetic routes available to obtain these materials, which in turn hampers the discovery and development of new RE-Nb/Ta phases. Of the simple orthotantalate, LaTaO{sub 4}, there were three polymorphs known prior. With this paper, we present the structural characterization (from high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction data collected at the APS 11-BM line) of a fourth polymorph. It is obtained only from dehydration of La{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7}(OH){sub 2}, which is in turn synthesized hydrothermally. The structure of the new LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph is distinctive from the others in the arrangement of the alternating La-O polyhedra layers and TaO{sub 6} octahedra layers. Luminescence measurements (Eu-doped) and photocatalysis studies of the new LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph, and comparison to the performance of a previously described LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph reveals enhanced performance of the new polymorph in both applications. This study illustrates the relevance of form-function relationships in solid-state materials, as well as the important role of synthesis in the development of advanced functional materials.

Nyman, May; Rodriguez, Mark A.; Rohwer, Lauren E.S.; Martin, James E.; Waller, Mollie; Osterloh, Frank E.; (Sandia); (UCD)

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

96

Laser based synchrotron radiation Kim Ta Phuoc,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of x rays in the kiloelectronvolt energy range have been produced from laser-matter interaction. Here: 10.1063/1.1842755] I. INTRODUCTION Secondary x-ray radiation sources from laser-produced plasmas have-order harmonics from solid or gas tar- gets, extreme uv (xuv)-ray lasers and K x-ray sources have been shown

Umstadter, Donald

97

Response of Cds/CdTe Devices to Te Exposure of Back Contact: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical predictions of thin-film CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices have suggested performance may be improved by reducing recombination due to Te-vacancy (VTe) or Te-interstitial (Tei) defects. Although formation of these intrinsic defects is likely influenced by CdTe deposition parameters, it also may be coupled to formation of beneficial cadmium vacancy (VCd) defects. If this is true, reducing potential effects of VTe or Tei may be difficult without also reducing the density of VCd. In contrast, post-deposition processes can sometimes afford a greater degree of defect control. Here we explore a post-deposition process that appears to influence the Te-related defects in polycrystalline CdTe. Specifically, we have exposed the CdTe surface to Te prior to ZnTe:Cu/Ti contact-interface formation with the goal of reducing VTe but without significantly reducing VCd. Initial results show that when this modified contact is used on a CdCl2-treated CdS/CdTe device, significantly poorer device performance results. This suggests two things: First, the amount of free-Te available during contact formation (either from chemical etching or CuTe or ZnTe deposition) may be a more important parameter to device performance than previously appreciated. Second, if processes have been used to reduce the effect of VTe (e.g., oxygen and chlorine additions to the CdTe), adding even a small amount of Te may produce detrimental defects.

Gessert, T. A.; Burst, J. M.; Ma, J.; Wei, S. H.; Kuciauskas, D.; Barnes, T. M.; Duenow, J. N.; Young, M. R.; Rance, W. L.; Li, J. V.; Dippo, P.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles Performance of zintl phase thermoelectric...

99

MilagroA TeV Observatory for Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Milagro­A TeV Observatory for Gamma Ray Bursts B.L. Dingus and the Milagro Collaboration Los energy gamma-rays from gamma-ray bursts. The highest energy gamma rays supply very strong constraints on the nature of gamma-ray burst sources as well as fundamental physics. Because the highest energy gamma-rays

California at Santa Cruz, University of

100

Bixbyite- and anatase-type phases in the system Sc-Ta-O-N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of our study was to modify the basis compound ss-TaON, which crystallizes in the monoclinic baddeleyite-type, by incorporation of appropriate dopant ions, in order to obtain anion-deficient cubic fluorite-type phases, which are of interest as solids with mobile nitrogen ions. For this purpose, scandium-doped tantalum oxide nitrides were prepared by ammonolysis of amorphous oxide precursors. An unexpected variety of phases with different structural features was observed: bixbyite-type phases of general composition Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}(O,N){sub y} with 0.33{<=}x{<=}1 and 1.7{<=}y{<=}1.9, yellow colored metastable anatase-type phases such as Sc{sub 0.1}Ta{sub 0.9}O{sub 1.2}N{sub 0.8} or Sc{sub 0.15}Ta{sub 0.85}O{sub 1.3}N{sub 0.7} and, additionally, anosovite-type phases Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 3-x}O{sub 2x}N{sub 5-2x} with 0{<=}x{<=}1.05. Selected phases were investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy. Anatase- and anosovite-type compounds show brilliant colors. In the anatase-type phase, a possible anion ordering was examined by theoretical methods. Additionally, energy calculations on phase stability were performed for Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}O{sub 1+2x}N{sub 1-2x} in the baddeleyite, rutile, and anatase structure types with varying amounts of dopants. - Graphical abstract: New anatase- and bixbyite-type phases obtained as single-phase samples in the system Sc-Ta-O-N.

Stork, A.; Schilling, H. [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Wessel, C.; Wolff, H. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Boerger, A. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Baehtz, C. [HASYLAB at DESY, Netkestr. 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Becker, K.-D. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Dronskowski, R. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Lerch, M., E-mail: lerch@chem.tu-berlin.d [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy loss rate of a charged particle in HgTe/(HgTe, CdTe) quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy loss rate (ELR) of a charged particle in a HgTe/(HgTe, CdTe) quantum well is investigated. We consider scattering of a charged particle by the bulk insulating states in this type of topological insulator. It is found that the ELR characteristics due to the intraband excitation have a linear energy dependence while those due to interband excitation depend on the energy exponentially. An interesting quantitative result is that for a large range of the incident energy, the mean inelastic scattering rate is around a few terahertz.

Chen, Qinjun; Sin Ang, Yee [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Wang, Xiaolin [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)] [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Lewis, R. A.; Zhang, Chao [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia) [School of Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

102

Crystal growth and low coercive field 180 domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00847-X Lithium tantalate LiTaO3) and lithium niobate LiNbO3) are of interest in dry gas or wet gas had no distinct influence on the domain switching properties. Lithium tantalate Li only toward the Ta excess side in the Li2O­Ta2O5 pseudo- binary system.6 The melt composition, which

Gopalan, Venkatraman

103

Recycling of CdTe photovoltaic waste  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for extracting and reclaiming metals from scrap CdTe photovoltaic cells and manufacturing waste by leaching the metals in dilute nitric acid, leaching the waste with a leaching solution comprising nitric acid and water, skimming any plastic material from the top of the leaching solution, separating the glass substrate from the liquid leachate, adding a calcium containing base to the leachate to precipitate Cd and Te, separating the precipitated Cd and Te from the leachate, and recovering the calcium-containing base.

Goozner, Robert E. (Charlotte, NC); Long, Mark O. (Charlotte, NC); Drinkard, Jr., William F. (Charlotte, NC)

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

Infrared spectroscopy of lattice vibrations in ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with quantum dots on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the analysis of the infrared lattice reflectance spectra of multiperiod ZnTe/CdTe superlattices with CdTe quantum dots are reported. The samples are grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the GaAs substrate with the ZnTe buffer layer. Due to the large number of periods of the superlattices, it is possible to observe CdTe-like vibration modes in the quantum dots, i.e., the dislocation-free stressed islands formed during the growth due to relaxation of elastic stresses between the ZnTe and CdTe layers are markedly different in their lattice parameters. From the frequency shifts of the CdTe- and ZnTe-like vibration modes with respect to the corresponding modes in the unstressed materials, it is possible to estimate the level of elastic stresses.

Kozyrev, S. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: skozyrev@sci.lebedev.ru

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Formation and optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photoluminescence (PL) measurements were carried out to investigate the formation and the optical properties of CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with various CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates by using molecular beam epitaxy and atomic layer epitaxy. AFM images showed that uniform CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots with a CdTe layer thickness of 2.5 ML (monolayer) were formed on Si (100) substrates. The excitonic peaks corresponding to transitions from the ground electronic subband to the ground heavy-hole band in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures shifted to a lower energy with increasing thickness of the CdTe layer. The activation energies of the carriers confined in the CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures grown on Si (100) substrates were obtained from the temperature-dependent PL spectra. The present observations can help improve understanding of the formation and the optical properties in CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures with different CdTe thicknesses grown on Si (100) substrates.

Lee, H. S.; Park, H. L.; Lee, I.; Kim, T. W. [Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Advanced Semiconductor Research Center, Division of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Growth and optical properties of CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the formation of optically active CdTe quantum dots in ZnTe nanowires. The CdTe/ZnTe nanostructures have been grown by a gold nanocatalyst assisted molecular beam epitaxy in a vapor-liquid solid growth process. The presence of CdTe insertions in ZnTe nanowire results in the appearance of a strong photoluminescence band in the 2.0 eV-2.25 eV energy range. Spatially resolved photoluminescence measurements reveal that this broad emission consists of several sharp lines with the spectral width of about 2 meV. The large degree of linear polarization of these individual emission lines confirms their nanowire origin, whereas the zero-dimensional confinement is proved by photon correlation spectroscopy.

Wojnar, Piotr; Janik, Elzbieta; Baczewski, Lech T.; Kret, Slawomir; Karczewski, G.; Wojtowicz, Tomasz [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Goryca, Mateusz; Kazimierczuk, Tomasz; Kossacki, Piotr [Institute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

107

Charge transfer in liquid semiconductors: The K-Te system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron diffraction patterns of molten KxTe1-x alloys for x=0.12 and x-0.50 demonstrate the persistence of covalently bonded tellurium in the liquid. In the case of liquid K0.12Te0.88, the measured structure is domianted by the Te-Te contribution, and is remarkably similar to that of pure liquid tellurium. The equiatomic alloy K0.50Te0.50 is shown to contain mostly Te pairs which are identified with Zintl ions, Te22-. The presence of these ions explains the semiconducting behavior of these alloys deduced from recent electrical transport measurements.

J. Fortner, Marie-Louise Saboungi, and J. E. Enderby

1992-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Phonon blocking by two dimensional electron gas in polar CdTe/PbTe heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Narrow-gap lead telluride crystal is an important thermoelectric and mid-infrared material in which phonon functionality is a critical issue to be explored. In this Letter, efficient phonon blockage by forming a polar CdTe/PbTe heterojunction is explicitly observed by Raman scattering. The unique phonon screening effect can be interpreted by recent discovery of high-density two dimensional electrons at the polar CdTe/PbTe(111) interface which paves a way for design and fabrication of thermoelectric devices.

Zhang, Bingpo; Cai, Chunfeng; Zhu, He; Wu, Feifei; Ye, Zhenyu; Chen, Yongyue; Li, Ruifeng; Kong, Weiguang; Wu, Huizhen, E-mail: hzwu@zju.edu.cn [Department of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

109

ZnTe: Gibbs free energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Volume 44 ‘Semiconductors’, Subvolume B ‘New Data and Updates for II-VI Compounds’ of Landolt-Börnstein Group III ‘Condensed Matter’. It contains data on ZnTe (zinc telluride), Element...

J. Gutowski; K. Sebald; T. Voss

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NXRS > Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis NXRS > Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis Physicist Bldg. 223, B-205 Phone 630-252-1075 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Quick Links Selected Publications Selected Invited Talks Present Position Physicist, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory (2005-Present). Education Ph.D. Degree, Deft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1999). Masters Degree in Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands (1993). Professional Expirence Assistant Scientist, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, (2001-2005). Post-doctoral Scientist, Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory (1999-2001). Researcher in training (leading to PhD degree), Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands (1994 -1998).

111

Diffuse neutrinos from extragalactic supernova remnants: Dominating the 100 TeV IceCube flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IceCube has measured a diffuse astrophysical flux of TeV-PeV neutrinos. The most plausible sources are unique high energy cosmic ray accelerators like hypernova remnants (HNRs) and remnants from gamma ray bursts in star-burst galaxies, which can produce primary cosmic rays with the required energies and abundance. In this case, however, ordinary supernova remnants (SNRs), which are far more abundant than HNRs, produce a comparable or larger neutrino flux in the ranges up to 100-150 TeV energies, implying a spectral break in the IceCube signal around these energies. The SNRs contribution in the diffuse flux up to these hundred TeV energies provides a natural baseline and then constrains the expected PeV flux.

Chakraborty, Sovan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Atmospheric Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atmospheric Dispersion and Atmospheric Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Nuclear Facilities Jim Dahl Manager, Nuclear Safety Analysis Sandia National Laboratories Office: 505-284-9067 Email: jjdahl@sandia.gov SAND2012-4478P Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. 2 Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Topics: * Site Characteristics * Dispersion Analysis Inputs - Meteorological Data - Stability Class - Dispersion Coefficients - Deposition Velocity

113

[Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}][(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}2PrCn, a compound with homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 2+} and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 4+}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In transition metal cluster chemistry, compounds consisting of both a cluster cation and a cluster anion are not very common. The first members of this type of compound of the composition [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}X{sub 2}]{center{underscore}dot}mEtOH{center{underscore}dot}nEt{sub 2}O (M = Nb, Ta; X = Cl, Br) have been recently prepared. Crystal structure determinations for [Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}3EtOH{center{underscore}dot}3Et{sub 2}O and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}6EtOH revealed the presence of two different hexanuclear cluster cores; namely, the [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}]{sup 2+} cluster cations and the [(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}X{sub 2}]{sup 2{minus}} cluster anions. In fact, these compounds consist of two different heteronuclear cluster units with different charges: [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}]{sup 2+} in the cation and [Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8}]{sup 4+} in the anion. The preparation of cation-anion pairs with homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units is also possible. In the present study, the synthesis and crystal structure of the cluster pair [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}][(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}2PrCN is reported. The compound is built of two octahedral homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units: [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 2+} in the [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}]{sup 2+} cluster cation and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 4+} in the [(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{sup 2{minus}} cluster anion.

Brnicevic, N.; Sirac, S.; Basic, I.; Zhang, Z.; McCarley, R.E.; Guzei, I.A.

1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

114

DISCOVERY OF TeV GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM CTA 1 BY VERITAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission coincident with the shell-type radio supernova remnant (SNR) CTA 1 using the VERITAS gamma-ray observatory. The source, VER J0006+729, was detected as a 6.5 standard deviation excess over background and shows an extended morphology, approximated by a two-dimensional Gaussian of semimajor (semiminor) axis 0. Degree-Sign 30 (0. Degree-Sign 24) and a centroid 5' from the Fermi gamma-ray pulsar PSR J0007+7303 and its X-ray pulsar wind nebula (PWN). The photon spectrum is well described by a power-law dN/dE = N {sub 0}(E/3 TeV){sup -{Gamma}}, with a differential spectral index of {Gamma} = 2.2 {+-} 0.2{sub stat} {+-} 0.3{sub sys}, and normalization N {sub 0} = (9.1 {+-} 1.3{sub stat} {+-} 1.7{sub sys}) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -14} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} TeV{sup -1}. The integral flux, F {sub {gamma}} = 4.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -12} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} above 1 TeV, corresponds to 0.2% of the pulsar spin-down power at 1.4 kpc. The energetics, colocation with the SNR, and the relatively small extent of the TeV emission strongly argue for the PWN origin of the TeV photons. We consider the origin of the TeV emission in CTA 1.

Aliu, E.; Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Archambault, S. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)] [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Arlen, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Aune, T.; Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States)] [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland)] [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Collins-Hughes, E. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cui, W. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Duke, C. [Department of Physics, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112-1690 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112-1690 (United States); Dumm, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Dwarkadas, V. V. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Falcone, A., E-mail: muk@astro.columbia.edu, E-mail: smcarthur@ulysses.uchicago.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); and others

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fsica Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fâ??�sica Te â?? orica Jet production in charged current deep Ciencias Fâ??�sicas'' by M â?? onica Luisa V â?? azquez Acosta Director : Juan Terr â?? on Cuadrado 16/12/2002 #12; #12; Facultad de Ciencias Departamento de Fâ??�sica Te â?? orica Producci â?? on de chorros hadr â?? onicos en

116

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

117

Atomic and vacancy ordering in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} (0.28{<=}x{<=}0.40) and phase equilibria in the Ta-C system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structure of nonstoichiometric carbide phase {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} formed in the tantalum-carbon (Ta-C) system is studied by X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and metallography. Investigated carbide {zeta}-TaC{sub 0.67} crystallizes in a trigonal (rhombohedral) space group R3-barm with cell parameters a{sub tr}=1.0180(1) nm, {alpha}{sub tr}=17.64 deg. (or a{sub h}=0.31216(2) nm, c{sub h}=3.0058(1) nm in hexagonal axes). The closely packed metal sublattice in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} consists of alternating blocks where metal atoms are located in the same manner as on the FCC sublattice of the cubic carbide TaC{sub y} and the HCP sublattice of the hexagonal carbide Ta{sub 2}C{sub y}. This metal sublattice represents a transition sublattice between these FCC and HCP sublattices. An ordered distribution of atoms C and structural vacancies in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is revealed and the distribution function of atoms C is calculated for nonmetal sublattice sites, on which ordering takes place. It is shown that one long-range order parameter {eta} describes the ordering of {zeta}-carbide and the {eta} value in the investigated {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase does not exceed 0.7. Carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is stable in bulk and powdered states over a wide temperature interval of 300 to {approx}2400 K and has a narrow homogeneity interval from TaC{sub 0.65} to TaC{sub 0.68}. Microhardness of disordered and ordered tantalum carbide TaC{sub y} with the basic B1 structure and trigonal carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is measured. The phase diagram of the Ta-C system is refined considering data obtained for the {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase. - Graphical abstract: Ordered distribution of carbon atoms C and structural vacancies in a unit cell of the trigonal (space group R3-barm) {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase. The closely packed metal sublattice in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} consists of alternating blocks where Ta atoms are located in the same manner as on the FCC sublattice of the cubic carbide TaC{sub y} and the HCP sublattice of the hexagonal carbide Ta{sub 2}C{sub y}.

Gusev, A.I. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620041 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)], E-mail: gusev@ihim.uran.ru; Kurlov, A.S.; Lipatnikov, V.N. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620041 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

123 CdTe AND CdTe : Hg ALLOYS CRYSTAL GROWTH USING STOICHIOMETRIC AND OFF-STOICHIOMETRIC ZONE.-Briand, 92190 Meudon/Bellevue, France Résumé. 2014 En vue de la croissance de cristaux de CdTe de haute cristaux semi-isolants Cd0, 9Hg0, 1Te. Abstract. 2014 Some aspects of the thermodynamic state of CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

CRAD, Criticality Safety- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Criticality Safety program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

120

Electrical characteristics of Ta2O5 thin films deposited by electron beam gun evaporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical characteristics of Ta2O5 thin films deposited by electron beam gun evaporation V films deposited by a simple electron beam gun evaporator. We describe thicknessO5 thin films deposited by a simple electron beam gun evaporator which enables versatility

Eisenstein, Gadi

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121

CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Industrial Hygiene program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

122

Provable Unlinkability Against Tra#c Analysis Ron Berman # Amos Fiat + Amnon TaShma #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

currently known as onion routing ([RSG98, SGR97]). Chaum also suggested to solve the tra#c analysis problem analysis shows that while Chaum's protocol is not secure in the attack model where the adversary controlsProvable Unlinkability Against Tra#c Analysis Ron Berman # Amos Fiat + Amnon Ta­Shma # Abstract

Ta-Shma, Amnon

123

CRAD, Configuration Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

124

TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report Comparison Document and DOE Safety Evaluation Report Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of changes to the currently approved TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) that are included in the upgraded FSAR. The DOE Safety Evaluation Report (SER) requirements that are incorporated into the upgraded FSAR are briefly discussed to provide the starting point in the FSAR with respect to the SER requirements.

Alan Bond

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Teresa Larkin Video, Learning Styles, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Introduction Student learning interactive digital video as well preferences and student understanding and their ability to interpret motion

Zollman, Dean

126

Nonlinear effects in collision cascades and high energy shock waves during ta-C:H growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surface topography of hydrogenated tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C:H) is critical for various applications such as microelectromechanical devices, magnetic and optical storage devices, and medical implants. The surface topography of ta-C:H films deposited by distributed electron cyclotron resonance plasma from C{sub 2}H{sub 2} gas precursor was investigated. The effects of pressure, together with ion flux and energy, are studied by atomic force microscopy in relation to the structural evolution of the films. The results are compared with the predictions of the Edward-Wilkinson model [Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 44, 1039 (1966)] recently proposed to account for ta-C:H growth and with previous interpretations based on hypersonic shock waves. The random hillocks observed on the smooth surfaces of ta-C:H films deposited at high pressure are thought to result from the interference of high energy shock waves triggered by C{sub 4}H{sub x}{sup +} ions that produce overlapping collision cascades and induce nonlinear effects.

Piazza, F.; Resto, O.; Morell, G. [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 23343, San Juan, 00931 (Puerto Rico)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

TA B L E O F CO N T E N T S Mechanical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TA B L E O F CO N T E N T S Annual Report LEADERSHIP IMPACT Innovation Mechanical Engineering to the Ann Arbor area during the summer of 2000. In this 1999­2000 Annual Report for the Department, which from what they once were. Cars are hybrid electric, powered by fuel cells and with computer

Ulsoy, A. Galip

128

CRAD, Conduct of Operations- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Conduct of Operations program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

129

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyn Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyán Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong of Technology and Economics Abstract: API level vulnerabilities of hardware security modules represent a serious threat, thus, discovering and patching security holes in APIs are important. In this paper, we argue

Levente, Buttyán

130

CRAD, Emergency Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Emergency Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

131

Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings Yong Xiang Abstract An experimental technique is presented for measuring the fracture toughness of brittle thin films with a focused ion beam and the membranes are pressurized until rupture. The fracture stress of the membrane

132

CLOUD GAMING ONWARD: RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES AND OUTLOOK Kuan-Ta Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLOUD GAMING ONWARD: RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES AND OUTLOOK Kuan-Ta Chen1 , Chun-Ying Huang2 ABSTRACT Cloud gaming has become increasingly more popular in the academia and the industry, evident by the large numbers of related research papers and startup companies. Some pub- lic cloud gaming services have

Chen, Sheng-Wei

133

Low energy ion assisted deposition of Ta/Cu films J. J. Quana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low energy ion assisted deposition of Ta/Cu films J. J. Quana Department of Engineering Physics of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 Received 5 dynamics simulations and experiments has been used to investigate the use of various low energy ion

Wadley, Haydn

134

CRAD, Radiological Controls- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Radiation Protection Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

135

Bare-Handed Electronic Voting with Pre-processing , Amnon Ta-Shma2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bare-Handed Electronic Voting with Pre-processing Ben Riva1 , Amnon Ta-Shma2 School of Computer Many electronic voting schemes assume the user votes with some computing device. This raises, proposed what we call bare-handed electronic voting, where voters do not need any computational power

Ta-Shma, Amnon

136

Production ratio of meta-stable isomer in {sup 180}Ta by neutrino-induced reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleosynthesis of {sup 180}Ta has remained an unsolved problem and as its origin many nucleosynthesis mechanisms have been proposed. This isotope has the unique feature that the naturally occurring abundance of {sup 180}Ta is actually a meta-stable isomer (half-life of >=10{sup 15} yr), while the ground state is a 1{sup +} unstable state which beta-decays with a half-life of only 8.15 hr. We have made a new time-dependent calculation of {sup 180}Ta meta-stable isomer residual ratio after supernova neutrino-induced reactions. This isomer residual ratio is crucial for understanding the production and survival of this naturally occurring rare isotope. We have constructed a new model under temperature evolution after type II supernova explosion. We include the explicit linking between the isomer and all known excited states and found that the residual ratio is insensitive to astrophysical parameters such as neutrino energy spectrum, explosion energy, decay time constant. We find that the explicit time evolution of the synthesis of {sup 180}Ta avoids the overproduction relative to {sup 138}La for a neutrino process neutrino temperature of 4 MeV.

Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, Satoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-11 (Japan); Mathews, Grant [Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

Isomer residual ratio of odd-odd isotope {sup 180}Ta in supernova nucleosynthsis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleosynthesis of {sup 180}Ta has remained an unsolved problem and as its origin many nucleosynthesis mechanisms have been proposed. This isotope has the unique feature that the naturally occurring abundance of {sup 180}Ta is actually a meta-stable isomer (half-life of >=10{sup 15} yr), while the ground state is a 1{sup +} unstable state which beta-decays with a half-life of only 8.15 hr. We have made a new time-dependent calculation of {sup 180}Ta meta-stable isomer residual ratio after supernova neutrino-induced reactions. This residual isomer ratio is crucial for understanding the production and survival of this naturally occurring rare isotope. We have constructed a new model under temperature evolution after type II supernova explosion. We include the explicit linking between the isomer and all known excited states and found that the residual ratio is insensitive to astrophysical parameters such as neutrino energy spectrum, explosion energy, decay time constant. We find that the explicit time evolution of the synthesis of {sup 180}Ta avoids the overproduction relative to {sup 138}La for a neutrino process neutrino temperature of 4 MeV.

Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, Satoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-11 (Japan); Mathews, Grant [Enter for Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Rene T.A. Wietsma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Ren´e T.A. Wietsma and Francesco Ricci e- bile product recommender system which incorporates both structured (supplier driven) product://ectrl.itc.it ABSTRACT Recommender systems provide decision aid and information filtering functions that have a great

Ricci, Francesco

139

Excited States of Hf174 from the Decay of Ta174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Ta174 activity was produced via the Lu175(?,5n)Ta174 reaction with 66-MeV ? particles from the Crocker Nuclear Laboratory 76-in. isochronous cyclotron. After removal of the F18, the half-lives were deduced by direct measurements. The half-lives of approximately 200 transitions, ranging in energy from 60 to 3000 keV, were identified using Ge(Li) detectors. Over 95% of these lines were assigned to Hf175, Hf174, or Lu173. The half-life of Ta174 was measured to be 71.5 ± 6.5 min. Ge(Li)-Nal coincidence work has been done. The conversion-electron spectrum was first measured using a 3-mm Si(Li) detector with a cooled field-effect transistor and then using the same type of detector plus a magnet.The energies and ? intensities of the 100 transitions attributed to the decay of Ta174 were measured. 32 conversion coefficients were determined. 16 levels with spins and parities are proposed on the basis of ? intensities, coincidence information, and conversion coefficients. 16 more levels are proposed on the basis of energy sums. Spins and parities for four of these levels are suggested. 60 transitions are placed in the decay scheme. A very strong ? feed to the 4+ level of the ground-state rotational band was observed. M1 enhancement in the ? vibrational bands and K-forbidden ? transitions are discussed.

M. T. Gillin and N. F. Peek

1971-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

CRAD, Quality Assurance- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Quality Assurance Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nanoassembly control and optical absorption in CdTe-ZnO nanocomposite thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spatial distribution of CdTe nanoparticles within a ZnO thin-film matrix was manipulated using a dual-source, sequential radio-frequency (RF)-sputter deposition technique to produce nanocomposite materials with tuned spectral absorption characteristics. The relative substrate exposure time to each sputtering source was used to control the semiconductor phase connectivity, both within the film plane and along the film growth direction, to influence the degree of photocarrier confinement and the resulting optical transition energies exhibited by the CdTe phase. Significant changes (up to {Delta}E {approx_equal} 0.3 eV) in the absorption onset energy for the CdTe nanoparticle ensemble were produced through modification in the extended structure of the semiconductor phase. Raman spectroscopy, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction were used to confirm the phase identity of the CdTe and ZnO and to characterize the nanostructures produced in these composite films. Isochronal annealing for 5 min at temperatures up to 800 deg. C further indicated the potential to improve film crystallinity as well as to establish the post-deposition thermal processing limits of stability for the semiconductor phase. The study highlights the significance of ensemble behavior as a means to influence quantum-scale semiconductor optical characteristics of import to the use of such materials as the basis for a variety of optoelectronic devices, including photosensitized heterojunction components in thin film photovoltaics.

Potter, B. G. Jr. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Beal, R. J.; Allen, C. G. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 17261732 Optical and structural properties of Ta2O5CeO2 thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1726­1732 Optical and structural properties of Ta2O5

Thirumalai, Devarajan

143

High-throughput manufacturing of thin-film CdTe photovoltaic modules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main obstacle to the wide spread use of photovoltaics as a major source of renewable energy has been cost. The key to lowering the cost of photovoltaic generated energy to the levels of conventional sources of energy lays in the development of low cost high throughput manufacturing processes. Solar Cells Inc. (SCI) believes this can be achieved for CdTe based modules by integrating its PV fabrication processes with a modern glass plant. That is sand in finished module out. It is also necessary to have a stable end product in order to gain wide acceptance. SCI has been working at producing large-area CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) modules and the processes developed at SCI can be scaled to achieve high production levels at cost-effective rates.

Alan McMaster; Steve Johnson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Average resonance capture study of Te124  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An average resonance capture study of Te124 was carried out by bombarding samples of Te123 with 2- and 24-keV neutron beams. The complete set of 0+, 1+, 2+ states disclosed by the experiment is consistent with the data of Robinson, Hamilton, and Snelling, demonstrating that there are no undetected states of these spins (especially 0+ states) below about 2500 keV. In particular, proposed 0+ levels at 1156 and 1290 keV are ruled out. This impacts various attempted interpretations in terms of intruder states, U(5), and O(6) symmetries.

R. F. Casten; J.-Y. Zhang; B.-C. Liao

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KRGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEFECT STRUCTURE OF CdTe (*) F. A. KR�GER David Packard Professor of Electrical Engineering haute résistivité. Abstract. 2014 Evidence concerning the defect structure of CdTe is reviewed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

146

PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

365 PRESENT LIMITATIONS OF CdTe DETECTORS IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE R. ALLEMAND, P. BOUTEILLER, M. LAVAL quality criteria, it is necessary to compare Cd-Te detectors results (or estimated characteristics) with other methods (i. e. 8cintillation cameras) in order to know the effective interest of Cd-Te in nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

147

Halogen adsorption on transition-metal surfaces: A case study of Cl on Ta(110)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through a series of ab initio calculations, we not only predict the atomic and electronic structure of Cl on Ta(110), but also provide a quantitative basis for understanding a number of controversial questions regarding halogen adsorption on transition-metal surfaces. We demonstrate that a simple dipole layer model accurately describes the unexpected decrease in the work function upon halogen absorption, and that our proposed overlayer structure explains the one-dimensional streaking in the low-energy electron-diffraction pattern of the adsorbate-covered surface. An analysis of the electronic structure suggests that transition metals such as Ta look like simple metals from the point of view of highly electronegative adsorbates such as Cl.

Christine J. Wu and John E. Klepeis

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Rotational structures in Ta174 and ‘‘identical bands’’ in the normal deformation regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ta174 has been studied through the Tm169(9Be,4n) fusion-evaporation reaction in the energy range E(9Be)=40–65 MeV. ?- and x-ray in-beam and activity singles spectra, ?-?-t coincidences, and angular-distribution measurements were performed. Four rotational structures have been found and interpreted on the basis of coupling systematics. Mixing ratio signs have been calculated using a semiclassical method and compared with the signs of the angular-distribution coefficients, in order to consolidate configuration assignments. ‘‘Identical bands,’’ i.e., bands with similar transition energies, have been found in neighboring odd and doubly-odd Ta171-174. This similarity is interpreted here as due to fortuitous compensations between different transverse and collective angular momenta and moments of inertia.

D. Hojman; A. J. Kreiner; M. Davidson

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Hybrid functional calculations of a Te antisite in bulk CdTe.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The detection of gamma-rays is an important issue in a cast array ofindustries. CdTe is a semiconductor used for gamma-ray detectors whichcan operate at… (more)

Árdal, Kristinn Björgvin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Excited states of acceptors in CdTe and ZnTe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Higher excited states of acceptors in CdTe and ZnTe are obtained by using the Baldereschi and Lipari spherical model including the cubic correction and the central-cell effect. This is done by solving the coupled radial equations by the finite-element method with Arnoldi's algorithm, which gives several (?20) low-lying states simultaneously. Our procedure allows one to determine very accurately the host band-structure parameters. In the case of CdTe we obtain the Luttinger parameters ?1 = 5.30, ?2 = 1.62, ?3 = 2.10 and the dielectric constant ?0 = 9.3. For ZnTe we obtain ?1 = 3.80, ?2 = 0.86, ?3 = 1.32 and ?0 = 9.4.

M. Said; M.A. Kanehisa

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 The PeTroleum InsTITuTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report - 2009 online version #12;The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 #12;The PeTroleum InsTITuTe Annual report 2009 overvIew Annual Report 2009 THE PETROLEUM INSTITUTE Office of the President 4 OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT DR

152

Raman-Active Lattice Vibrations of the Commensurate Superlattic in 2H-TaSe2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman spectra have been obtained on 2H-TaSe2 at room temperature and in the commensurate charge-density-wave, superlattice state. At low temperatures six new low frequency modes are seen having symmetries consistent only with a symmetric, three-charge-density wave. A microscopic model of the lattice dynamics of this state is fitted to the four strongest new Raman lines. These are assigned to amplitude and phase modes of the charge-density wave.

John A. Holy, Miles V. Klein, W. L. McMillan, and S. F. Meyer

1976-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

153

Typesetting Posters withTypesetting Posters with LaTeXLaTeX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Typesetting Posters withTypesetting Posters with LaTeXLaTeX:: A Practical GuideA Practical Guide?What is the Problem? ·· Posters are used to present technicalPosters are used to present technical material at some conferencesmaterial at some conferences ­­ In some cases these posters may be very largeIn some cases these posters

Stephenson, Ben

154

Mechanism of terahertz photoconductivity in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terahertz photoconductivity in magnetic fields in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells has been studied. The main contribution to photoconductivity comes from a signal that appears as a result of electron-gas heating. It is shown that, with the cyclotron resonance conditions satisfied, the photoconductivity signal is composed of cyclotron-resonance and bolometric components. However, in this case too, the bolometric contribution predominates.

Vasilyev, Yu. B., E-mail: yu.vasilyev@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Mikhailov, N. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Gouider, F. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany); Vasilyeva, G. Yu. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University (Russian Federation); Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Regulation study for the facility control system design at the Facility Operations Center at TA55  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NMT-8 is proposing to upgrade the existing Facility Control System (FCS) located within the Facility Operations Center (FOC) at the TA-55 Plutonium Processing and Handling Facility (PPHF). The FCS modifications will upgrade the existing electronics to provide better reliability of system functions. Changes include replacement of the FCS computers and field multiplex units which are used for transmitting systems data. Data collected at the FCS include temperature, pressure, contact closures, etc., and are used for monitoring and/or control of key systems at TA-55. Monitoring is provided for the electrical power system status, PF-4 HVAC air balance status (Static Differential pressure), HVAC fan system status, site chill water return temperature, fire system information, and radioactive constant air monitors alarm information, site compressed air pressure and other key systems used at TA-55. Control output signals are provided for PF-4 HVAC systems, and selected alarms for criticality, fire, loss of pressure in confinement systems. A detailed description of the FCS modifications is provided in Section 2.

NONE

1994-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

156

Investigation of deep level defects in CdTe thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past few years, a large body of work has been dedicated to CdTe thin film semiconductors, as the electronic and optical properties of CdTe nanostructures make them desirable for photovoltaic applications. The performance of semiconductor devices is greatly influenced by the deep levels. Knowledge of parameters of deep levels present in as-grown materials and the identification of their origin is the key factor in the development of photovoltaic device performance. Photo Induced Current Transient Spectroscopy technique (PICTS) has proven to be a very powerful method for the study of deep levels enabling us to identify the type of traps, their activation energy and apparent capture cross section. In the present work, we report the effect of growth parameters and LASER irradiation intensity on the photo-electric and transport properties of CdTe thin films prepared by Close-Space Sublimation method using SiC electrical heating element. CdTe thin films were grown at three different source temperatures (630, 650 and 700 °C). The grown films were irradiated with Nd:YAG LASER and characterized by Photo-Induced Current Transient Spectroscopy, Photocurrent measurementand Current Voltage measurements. The defect levels are found to be significantly influenced by the growth temperature.

Shankar, H.; Castaldini, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Dieguez, E.; Rubio, S. [Crystal Growth Lab, Department of Materials Physics, Faculty of Science, University Autonoma of Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid (Spain); Dauksta, E.; Medvid, A. [Institute of Technical Physics, Riga Technical University, 14 Azenes Str, Riga, Latvia, Department of Materials (Latvia); Cavallini, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy,University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

157

Could the Wein fireball be associated to the "orphan" TeV flares ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TeV $\\gamma$-ray detections in flaring states without activity in X-rays from blazars have attracted much attention due to the irregularity of these "orphan" flares. Although the synchrotron self-Compton model has been very successful in explaining the spectral energy distribution and spectral variability of these sources, it has not been able to describe these atypical flaring events. On the other hand, an electron-positron pair plasma at the base of the AGN jet was proposed as the mechanism of bulk acceleration of relativistic outflows. This plasma in quasi-themal equilibrium called Wein fireball emits radiation at MeV-peak energies serving as target of accelerated protons. In this work we describe the "orphan" TeV flares presented in blazars 1ES 1959+650 and Mrk421 assuming geometrical considerations in the jet and evoking the interactions of Fermi-accelerated protons and MeV-peak target photons coming from the Wein fireball. After describing successfully these "orphan" TeV flares, we correlate the TeV $\\g...

Fraija, Nissim

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

COMPARISON OF CSS-CdTe AND PVD-CdTe WITH DIFFERENT ACTIVATION PROCESSES , G. Khrypunov2,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK ABSTRACT: CdTe polycrystalline thin film solar cells have a strong AM1.5 illumination. Amongst several attractive features high chemical stability of CdTe and a simple simplification has been done by substituting the CdCl2 step by treating CdTe films in an atmosphere containing

Romeo, Alessandro

159

THE PERFORMANCE OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS EMPLOYING PHOTOVOLTAIC Cu22014x Te-CdTe HETEROJUNCTIONS (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

195 THE PERFORMANCE OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS EMPLOYING PHOTOVOLTAIC Cu22014x Te This paper is a short status report on the continuing development of Cu22014xTe-CdTe thin film solar cells Company has had a conti- nuous effort on thin film solar cells for the past four and a half years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

First-principles study of the electronic and structural properties of (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present the results of a first-principles study of the electronic and structural properties of binary CdTe and ZnTe compounds and their (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices (SLs). The computational method is based on the full-potential linear muffin tin orbitals method (FP-LMTO) augmented by a plane-wave basis (PLW). The exchange and correlation energy is described in the local density approximation (LDA) using the Perdew–Wang parameterization including a generalized gradient approximation (GGA). The calculated structural properties of CdTe and ZnTe compounds are in good agreement with available experimental and theoretical data. We have also carried out band-structure calculations for the binary CdTe and ZnTe compounds and their (CdTe)n/(ZnTe)n superlattices (SLs). From the results of the electronic properties, we find that the parent material CdTe and ZnTe and their superlattices have a direct band gaps. The fundamental band gap decreases with increasing the number of monolayer n.

M. Boucharef; S. Benalia; D. Rached; M. Merabet; L. Djoudi; B. Abidri; N. Benkhettou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Magnetic phases of the quasi-two-dimensional compounds FexCo1-xTa2O6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic phases of the quasi-two-dimensional compounds FexCo1-xTa2O6 E G Santos1 , S R de Oliveira, 49100-000 S~ao Crist´ov~ao, SE, Brazil Abstract. We report new results about magnetic properties of the FexCo1-xTa2O6 series of compounds. Using essentially neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements we

Boyer, Edmond

162

Contaminant Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contaminant sources include almost every component in the manufacturing process: people, materials, processing equipment, and manufacturing environments. People can generate contaminating particles, gases, conden...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe Nanocomposites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation detection demands new scintillators with high quantum efficiency, high energy resolution and short luminescence lifetimes. Nanocomposites consisting of quantum dots and Ce3+ doped nanophosphors may be able to meet these requirements. Here we report the luminescence of LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites which were synthesized by a wet chemistry method. In LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites the CdTe quantum dots are converted into nanowires, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no such conversion is observed. The CdTe luminescence in LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites is enhanced about 5 times, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no enhancement was observed. Energy transfer, light-re-absorption and surface passivation are likely the reasons for the luminescence enhancement.

Yao, Mingzhen; Zhang, Xing; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Joly, Alan G.; Huang, Jinsong; Wang, Qingwu

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

New chalcogenide glasses in the CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Determination of the glass-forming region in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of macroscopic properties of the new CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of the total conductivity of CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparison between the selenide and telluride equivalent systems. -- Abstract: Chalcogenide glasses in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system were synthesized and the glass-forming range was determined. The maximum content of CdTe in this glass system was found to be equal to 15 mol.%. The macroscopic characterizations of samples have consisted in Differential Scanning Calorimetry, density, and X-ray diffraction measurements. The cadmium telluride addition does not generate any significant change in the glass transition temperature but the resistance of binary AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses towards crystallisation is estimated to be decreasing on the base of {Delta}T = T{sub x} - T{sub g} parameter. The total electrical conductivity {sigma} was measured by complex impedance spectroscopy. First, the CdTe additions in the (AgI){sub 0.5}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5} host glass, (CdTe){sub x}(AgI){sub 0.5-x/2}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5-x/2} lead to a conductivity decrease at x {<=} 0.05. Then, the behaviour is reversed at 0.05 {<=} x {<=} 0.15. The obtained results are discussed by comparison with the equivalent selenide system.

Kassem, M. [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France)] [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France); Le Coq, D., E-mail: david.lecoq@univ-littoral.fr [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France); Boidin, R.; Bychkov, E. [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France) [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

481 Relations between structural parameters and physical properties in CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te cristaux de CdTe et de Cd0,96Zn0,04Te, de densité de dislocations variant entre 5 x 104 et 6 x 105 cm-2. La and photoluminescence experiments were performed on several CdTe and Cd0.96Zn0.04Te crystals with dislocation density

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Competitive Sourcing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Report on Competitive Sourcing Results Fiscal Year 2006 May 2007 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary ...................................................................................... 1 Introduction................................................................................................. 4 I. The big picture ......................................................................................... 4 II. How public-private competition was used in FY 2006 .................................... 6 A. Anticipated benefits from competition in FY 2006

168

Emission patterns of neutral pions in 40A MeV Ta+Au reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential cross sections of neutral pions emitted in Ta181+Au197 collisions at a beam energy of 39.5A MeV have been measured with the two-arm photon spectrometer (TAPS). The kinetic energy and transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions cannot be properly described in the framework of the thermal model, nor when the reabsorption of pions is accounted for in a phenomenological model. However, high energy and high momentum tails of the pion spectra can be well fitted through thermal distributions with unexpectedly soft temperature parameters below 10 MeV.

K. Piasecki; T. Matulewicz; N. Yahlali; H. Delagrange; J. Díaz; D. G. d’Enterria; F. Fernández; A. Kugler; H. Löhner; G. Martínez-García; R. W. Ostendorf; Y. Schutz; P. Tlustý; R. Turrisi; V. Wagner; H. W. Wilschut (TAPS Collaboration)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

169

Decommissioning of TA-21-153, a /sup 227/Ac contaminated old filter building  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An exhaust air filter building contaminated with /sup 227/Ac was decommissioned at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, in 1978. The building was constructed in the late 1940s to clean exhaust air from several buildings at TA-21, DP Site. It was in service until March 1970. The project involved preliminary decontamination, dismantling the building, and burying the debris at an on-site waste disposal/storage area. This report presents the details on the decommissioning procedures, health physics, waste management, environmental surveillance, and costs for the operation.

Harper, J.R.; Garde, R.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment Waste Characterization Reduction and Repackaging Building, TA-50-69  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the seismic structural analyses completed on the Waste Characterization Reduction and Repackaging (WCRR) Building in support of ongoing safety analyses. WCRR is designated as TA-50-69 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. The facility has been evaluated against Department of Energy (DOE) seismic criteria for Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) Performance Category II (PC 2). The seismic capacities of two subsystems within the WCRR building, the material handling glove box and the lift rack immediately adjacent to the Glove Box are also documented, and the results are presented.

M.W.Sullivan; J.Ruminer; I.Cuesta

2003-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

171

Model for projectile fragmentation: case study for Ni on Ta, Be and Xe on Al  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For projectile fragmentation we work out details of a model whose origin can be traced back to the Bevalac era. The model positions itself between the phenomenological EPAX parametrization and microscopic transport models like "Heavy Ion Phase Space Exploration Model" (HIPSE) and antisymmetrised molecular dynamics(AMD). We apply the model to some recent data of projectile fragmentation of Ni on Ta and Be at beam energy 140 MeV/nucleon and some older data of Xe on Al at beam energy 790 MeV/nucleon. Reasonable values of cross-sections for various composites populated in the reactions are obtained.

S. Mallik; G. Chaudhuri; S. Das Gupta

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

172

Biztonsgi API analzis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyn Levente Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biztonsági API analízis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyán Levente Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong@crysys.hu CrySyS Adatbiztonsági Laboratórium BME Híradástechnikai Tanszék Kivonat: Az API szint támadások komoly veszélyt jelentenek a hardver biztonsági modulokra nézve, ezért fontos követelmény az API-ban rejl

Levente, Buttyán

173

The effect of Ta on the magnetic thickness of permalloy (Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}) films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of Ta and Ta/Cu seed layers, and Ta and Cu cap layers on the effective magnetic thickness of ultrathin permalloy (Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}) was investigated for MRAM applications. The films were deposited by Ion Beam Deposition. The magnetic moment of each as-deposited permalloy film was measured using a B-H looper and a SQUID magnetometer. The films were further annealed at either 525 K for 1/2 h or 600 K for 1 h to study the effect of thermally driven interdiffusion on the magnetic moment of the permalloy film. Our theoretical calculations showed that the presence of 12% intermixing at the interface reduces the Ni moments to zero. Experimentally, it was shown that the tantalum rather than the copper interfaces are primarily responsible for the magnetically dead layers. The Ta seed layer interface produces a loss of moment equivalent to a magnetically dead layer of thickness 0.6{+-}0.2 nm. The Ta metal in the cap layer results in a loss of moment equivalent to a dead layer of thickness 1.0{+-}0.2 nm. Upon annealing, thermally driven interdiffusion is concluded to have a strong effect on the Ta(seed)/ Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} as-deposited interface, based on the doubling of the magnetically dead layer to 1.2{+-}0.2 nm. The Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}/Ta(cap) as-deposited interface slightly increases its equivalent magnetically dead layer upon annealing to 1.2{+-}0.2 nm. As-deposited interfaces of Ta(seed)/permalloy and permalloy/Ta(cap) are not chemically equivalent and result in different magnetically dead layers, whereas after annealing to 600 K both interfaces attain comparable intermixing and magnetically dead layers. It was also shown that a half-hour anneal at the lower 525 K annealing temperature, which is closer to the actual processing temperature, results in only slight increase of the magnetically dead layer at both interfaces. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Kowalewski, M. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Butler, W. H. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Moghadam, N. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Stocks, G. M. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Schulthess, T. C. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Song, K. J. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Thompson, J. R. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Arrott, A. S. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States); Zhu, T. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States); Drewes, J. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] (and others) [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Characterization of CdZnTe ambient temperature detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A great deal of interest has been generated in the use of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) detectors for ambient temperature detection of radionuclides. The addition of zinc to CdTe provides several benefits that enhance the materials operational characteristics at ambient temperature. Recent movement in the industry is to produce larger volume detectors using CdZnTe without much known about the effects of larger geometry on performance. The purpose of this study is to get an idea of the relationship of detector performance to both area and thickness variations.

Lavietes, A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

High Performance Zintl Phase TE Materials with Embedded Particles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

TE Materials with Embedded Particles Presents results from embedding nanoparticles in magnesium silicide alloy matrix reducing thermal conductivity by phonon scattering and...

176

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation describes an experimental search for neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay of 130Te. An observation of 0??? decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana… (more)

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Crystal structure determination of the oxynitride Sr{sub 2}TaO{sub 3}N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the strontium tantalum oxynitride Sr{sub 2}TaO{sub 3}N has been resolved by Rietveld refinement using time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data. The structure is of the K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4} type with a partially ordered anion sublattice (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a = 4.04127(3) {angstrom}, c = 12.6073(2) {angstrom}, c/a = 3.120, Z = 2). The tantalum atoms are at the center of TaO{sub 2}(O, N){sub 4} octahedra built up from two oxygen atoms at the apexes and four (N + O) atoms statistically forming the median plane. The strontium atoms have a coordination number of nine: SrO{sub 5}(O, N){sub 4}. The profile agreement factors are R{sub p} = 0.022, R{sub wp} = 0.016, R{sub exp} = 0.012, and R{sub 1} = 0.063.

Diot, N.; Marchand, R. [Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques] [Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques; Haines, J.; Leger, J.M. [CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux] [CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux; Macaudiere, P. [Centre de Recherches d`Aubervilliers (France)] [Centre de Recherches d`Aubervilliers (France); Hull, S. [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.] [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Crystal structure determination of the oxynitride Sr[sub 2]TaO[sub 3]N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the strontium tantalum oxynitride Sr[sub 2]TaO[sub 3]N has been resolved by Rietveld refinement using time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data. The structure is of the K[sub 2]NiF[sub 4] type with a partially ordered anion sublattice (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a = 4.04127(3) [angstrom], c = 12.6073(2) [angstrom], c/a = 3.120, Z = 2). The tantalum atoms are at the center of TaO[sub 2](O, N)[sub 4] octahedra built up from two oxygen atoms at the apexes and four (N + O) atoms statistically forming the median plane. The strontium atoms have a coordination number of nine: SrO[sub 5](O, N)[sub 4]. The profile agreement factors are R[sub p] = 0.022, R[sub wp] = 0.016, R[sub exp] = 0.012, and R[sub 1] = 0.063.

Diot, N.; Marchand, R. (Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques); Haines, J.; Leger, J.M. (CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux); Macaudiere, P. (Centre de Recherches d'Aubervilliers (France)); Hull, S. (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.)

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Competitive Sourcing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Competitive Sourcing Competitive Sourcing The Department of Energy's (DOE) Competitive Sourcing program is a management initiative aimed at improving DOE's performance and reducing the Department's operational costs. The program is governed by Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76, Performance of Commercial Activities, dated May 29, 2003. The commercial activities selected for review and competition include functions performed by government employees that are readily available in the private sector, and where the potential for efficiencies, regardless of the winning provider, are highly likely. The candidate functions are chosen from the Department's annual Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act Inventory and subjected to a feasibility review to determine if a prudent business case can be made to enter

180

Effect of Manganese Concentration in the Cd1-xMnxTe/CdTe Tandem Structure on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The photovoltaic electricity is obtained by direct conversion of sunlight into electricity by solar cells. The objective of this work is the study and simulation of a Tandem photovoltaic structure based on Cd1-xMnxTe as top material cell. This paper describes the optimization of energy efficiency for Cd1-xMnxTe thin films deposited by epitaxy on CdTe substrat. We present the impact of the manganese concentration in Cd1-xMnxTe thin films on solar cells performances. Our study includes simulation results to show the conversion efficiency and main performances factors as function of the manganese concentration.

A. Aissat; M. El Bey; M. Fathi; J.P. Vilcot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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181

Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Atomistic simulation of CdTe solid-liquid coexistence equilibria. Abstract: Atomistic simulations of CdTe using a...

182

Strain relaxation of CdTe films growing on lattice-mismatched substrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gap approaches the value of bulk CdTe crystals. This makesbulk crystals with crystalline CdTe ?lms for the purpose ofthe top layer of thick CdTe ?lms grown on Si(001) substrate

Ma, Zhixun; Yu, Kin Man; Walukiewicz, Wladek; Yu, Peter Y.; Mao, Samuel S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Mechanical and Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Properties of CdTe Tetrapods Studied by Atomicelectrical properties of CdTe tetrapod-shaped nanocrystalsIntroduction CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals possess interesting

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - amorphous ge-sb-te films Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

times in GeSbTe films irradiated... commercial phase-change optical recording systems, such as those based on GeSbTe Ref. 3 or AglnSbTe,4 use... the crystalline and...

185

Effect of water vapor/hydrogen environments on niobium, B-66 niobium alloy, tantalum, and Ta-10W alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the results of an experimental investigation of the effect of water vapor/hydrogen environments on the mechanical properties of niobium, B-66 niobium alloy, tantalum, and Ta-10W alloy are presented. Tensile tests were conducted on specimens of these materials in water vapor/hydrogen mixture ratios of 1 and 3. The water vapor/hydrogen environment caused strength reductions on tantalum and Ta-10W and ductility reductions on all four materials. The degree and causes of embrittlement were a complex function of temperature.

Walter, R.J.; Bentle, G.G.; Chandler, W.T. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

On the formation of TeV radiation in LS 5039  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent detections of TeV gamma-rays from compact binary systems show that relativistic outflows (jets or winds) are sites of effective acceleration of particles up to multi-TeV energies. In this paper, we discuss the conditions of acceleration and radiation of ultra-relativistic electrons in LS 5039, the gamma-ray emitting binary system for which the highest quality TeV data are available. Assuming that the gamma-ray emitter is a jet-like structure, we performed detailed numerical calculations of the energy spectrum and lightcurves accounting for the acceleration efficiency, the location of the accelerator, the speed of the emitting flow, the inclination angle of the system, as well as specific features related to anisotropic inverse Compton scattering and pair production. We conclude that the accelerator should not be deep inside the binary system unless we assume a very efficient acceleration rate. We show that within the IC scenario both the gamma-ray spectrum and flux are strongly orbital phase dependent. Formally, our model can reproduce, for specific sets of parameter values, the energy spectrum of gamma-rays reported by HESS for wide orbital phase intervals. However, the physical properties of the source can be constrained only by observations capable of providing detailed energy spectra for narrow orbital phase intervals ($\\Delta\\phi\\ll 0.1$).

Dmitry Khangulyan; Felix Aharonian; Valenti Bosch-Ramon

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Spectral Break Near TeV of $e^\\pm$ Cosmic Rays - Standard Physics or Dark Matter Origin?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The complex spectra of high energy ${\\rm e^\\pm}$ cosmic rays (CRs) observed near Earth are those expected from standard model physics. In particular, the observed hardening of their spectra with increasing energy reported by the AMS-02 collaboration can be produced by the transition of their energy-loss by inverse Compton scattering off Galactic light from the Thomson to the Klein-Nishina regime. The "cut-off" near TeV in the combined ${\\rm e^\\pm}$ flux observed with H.E.S.S can be due to pair production in ${\\rm e^\\pm}\\gamma$ collisions in source rather than a bump produced by the decay/annihilation of dark matter particles with a mass of $\\sim$TeV. Beyond this "cutoff", the $e^\\pm$ CRs are mostly produced by the decay of mesons from hadronic collisions of CR protons in/near source with a positron fraction $\\sim 0.57$.

Dado, Shlomo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Interfacial Reaction Between Nb Foil and n-Type PbTe Thermoelectric Materials During Thermoelectric Contact Fabrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PbTe is a high-conversion-efficiency thermoelectric (TE) material that is commonly used in space exploration applications. Integration of PbTe in TE devices has a significant impact on the conversion efficienc...

Haiyang Xia; Cheng-Lung Chen; Fivos Drymiotis; Aiping Wu…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

DEVELOPMENT OF CdZnTe RADIATION DETECTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CdZnTe or CZT) is a very attractive material for room-temperature semiconductor detectors because of its wide band-gap and high atomic number. Despite these advantages, CZT still presents some material limitations and poor hole mobility. In the past decade most of the developing CZT detectors focused on designing different electrode configurations, mainly to minimize the deleterious effect due to the poor hole mobility. A few different electrode geometries were designed and fabricated, such as pixelated anodes and Frisch-grid detectors developed at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL). However, crystal defects in CZT materials still limit the yield of detector-grade crystals, and, in general, dominate the detector's performance. In the past few years, our group's research extended to characterizing the CZT materials at the micro-scale, and to correlating crystal defects with the detector's performance. We built a set of unique tools for this purpose, including infrared (IR) transmission microscopy, X-ray micro-scale mapping using synchrotron light source, X-ray transmission- and reflection-topography, current deep level transient spectroscopy (I-DLTS), and photoluminescence measurements. Our most recent work on CZT detectors was directed towards detailing various crystal defects, studying the internal electrical field, and delineating the effects of thermal annealing on improving the material properties. In this paper, we report our most recent results.

BOLOTNIKOV, A.; CAMARDA, G.; HOSSAIN, A.; KIM, K.H.; YANG, G.; GUL, R.; CUI, Y.; AND JAMES, R.B.

2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

190

NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND ZnSe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

405 NONLINEAR OPTICAL EFFECTS IN ROTATIONALLY-TWINNED CRYSTALS: AN EVALUATION OF CdTe, ZnTe AND Zn une loi en N2. On discutera les avantages potentiels en optique non linéaire des cristaux de CdTe, Zn-spaced twin planes the enhancement is proportional to N2. A comparison is made between CdTe, ZnTe, and Zn

Boyer, Edmond

191

TE Link Dormant Mode Used in GMPLS Optical Transport Networks for Energy Saving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper evaluates power efficiency of TE link dormant mode in optical transport network, considering daily traffic variability and GMPLS protocol. The proposed TE link dormant mode...

Li, Xin; Huang, Shanguo; Guo, Bingli; Zhang, Jie; Gu, Wanyi

192

A search for GeV-TeV emission from Gamma-ray Bursts using the Milagro detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for GeV-TeV emission from Gamma-ray Bursts using the Milagro detector p. M. Saz Parkinson of operation. Keywords: gamma-ray sources; gamma-ray bursts; astronomical observations gamma-ray; gamma-ray telescope; Milagro PACS: 95.55.Ka; 95.85.Pw; 98.70.Rz INTRODUCTION Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) were detected up

California at Santa Cruz, University of

193

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COMPETITIVE SOURCING COMPETITIVE SOURCING EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP MEETING PROCEEDINGS June 17, 2002 8:30 am - 11:00 am Room 5E-069 ATTENDEES John Gordon Robert Card Bruce Carnes Kathy Peery Brendan Danaher, AFGE Tony Lane Karen Evans Bill Sylvester Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Laurie Smith Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Rosalie Jordan Dennis O'Brien Mark Hively Robin Mudd Steven Apicella AGENDA 8:30 a.m. - 8:35 a.m. Opening Remarks 8:35a.m. - 8:55 a.m. Executive Steering Group roles and responsibilities, A-76 status, and talking points Team Briefings 8:55 a.m. - 9:20 a.m. Information Technology Study 9:20 a.m. - 9:45 a.m. Financial Services Study

194

3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.I Y. ,J,.- i .I Y. ,J,.- i - 3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. POST OFFICE BOX X OAK RIOGE. TENNESSEE 37631 July 20, 1984 Ms. Gale P. Turi Division of Remedial Action Projects Office of Nuclear Energy U.S. Department of Energy MS - NE24 Washington, D.C. 20545 Dear Ms. Turi: Radfoloafcal Survey of the Guterl Steel Fad1 ftya 1 o&a As requested, a visit was made to the Guterl Steel facility (formerly Simonds Saw and Steel) on July 9, 1984 to determine if there have been significant changes in the radiological status of the facility since the last survey. In general, measurements made during this survey are con- sistent with those made during the 1977 survey (ORNL) and a follow-up survey in 1981 (FBD). Significant amounts of contaminated material are present in the rolling

195

An overview of the TA-55, Building PF-4 ventilation system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of the TA-55, Building PF-4 ventilation system is provided in the following sections. Included are descriptions of the zone configurations, equipment-performance criteria, ventilation support systems, and the ventilation-system evaluation criteria. Section 4.2.1.1 provides a brief discussion of the ventilation system function. Section 4.2.1.2 provides details on the overall system configuration. Details of system interfaces and support systems are provided in Section 4.2.1.3. Section 4.2.1.4 describes instrumentation and control needed to operate the ventilation system. Finally, Sections 4.2.1.5 and 4.2.1.6 describe system surveillance/maintenance and Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) Limitations, respectively. Note that the numerical parameters included in this description are considered nominal; set points and other specifications actually fall within operational bands.

NONE

1994-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

196

Preparation and characterisation of isotopically enriched Ta$_2$O$_5$ targets for nuclear astrophysics studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The direct measurement of reaction cross sections at astrophysical energies often requires the use of solid targets of known thickness, isotopic composition, and stoichiometry that are able to withstand high beam currents for extended periods of time. Here, we report on the production and characterisation of isotopically enriched Ta$_2$O$_5$ targets for the study of proton-induced reactions at the Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics facility of the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. The targets were prepared by anodisation of tantalum backings in enriched water (up to 66% in $^{17}$O and up to 96% in $^{18}$O). Special care was devoted to minimising the presence of any contaminants that could induce unwanted background reactions with the beam in the energy region of astrophysical interest. Results from target characterisation measurements are reported, and the conclusions for proton capture measurements with these targets are drawn.

A. Caciolli; D. A. Scott; A. Di Leva; A. Formicola; M. Aliotta; M. Anders; A. Bellini; D. Bemmerer; C. Broggini; M. Campeggio; P. Corvisiero; R. Depalo; Z. Elekes; Zs. Fülöp; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyürky; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; M. Marta; R. Menegazzo; E. Napolitani; P. Prati; V. Rigato; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; C. Rossi Alvarez; E. Somorjai; C. Salvo; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; T. Szücs; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Trezzi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Laser irradiation effects on the CdTe/ZnTe quantum dot structure studied by Raman and AFM spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micro-Raman spectroscopy has been applied to investigate the impact of laser irradiation on semiconducting CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots (QDs) structures. A reference sample (without dots) was also studied for comparison. Both samples were grown by molecular beam epitaxy technique on the p-type GaAs substrate. The Raman spectra have been recorded for different time of a laser exposure and for various laser powers. The spectra for both samples exhibit peak related to the localized longitudinal (LO) ZnTe phonon of a wavenumber equal to 210 cm{sup -1}. For the QD sample, a broad band corresponding to the LO CdTe phonon related to the QD-layer appears at a wavenumber of 160 cm{sup -1}. With increasing time of a laser beam exposure and laser power, the spectra get dominated by tellurium-related peaks appearing at wavenumbers around 120 cm{sup -1} and 140 cm{sup -1}. Simultaneously, the ZnTe surface undergoes rising damage, with the formation of Te aggregates at the pinhole edge as reveal atomic force microscopy observations. Local temperature of irradiated region has been estimated from the anti-Stokes/Stokes ratio of the Te modes intensity and it was found to be close or exceeding ZnTe melting point. Thus, the laser damage can be explained by the ablation process.

Zielony, E.; Placzek-Popko, E.; Henrykowski, A.; Gumienny, Z.; Kamyczek, P.; Jacak, J. [Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw (Poland); Nowakowski, P.; Karczewski, G. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Use of separate ZnTe interface layers to form ohmic contacts to p-CdTe films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of is disclosed improving electrical contact to a thin film of a p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor comprising: depositing a first undoped layer of ZnTe on a thin film of p-type tellurium containing II-VI semiconductor with material properties selected to limit the formation of potential barriers at the interface between the p-CdTe and the undoped layer, to a thickness sufficient to control diffusion of the metallic-doped ZnTe into the p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor, but thin enough to minimize affects of series resistance; depositing a second heavy doped p-type ZnTe layer to the first layer using an appropriate dopant; and depositing an appropriate metal onto the outer-most surface of the doped ZnTe layer for connecting an external electrical conductor to an ohmic contact. 11 figs.

Gessert, T.A.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Use of separate ZnTe interface layers to form OHMIC contacts to p-CdTe films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of improving electrical contact to a thin film of a p-type tellurium-containing II-VI semiconductor comprising: depositing a first undoped layer of ZnTe on a thin film of p-type tellurium containing II-VI semiconductor with material properties selected to limit the formation of potential barriers at the interface between the p-CdTe and the undoped layer, to a thickness sufficient to control diffusion of the metallic-doped ZnTe into the p-type tellurim-containing II-VI semiconductor, but thin enough to minimize affects of series resistance; depositing a second heavy doped p-type ZnTe layer to the first layer using an appropriate dopant; and depositing an appropriate metal onto the outer-most surface of the doped ZnTe layer for connecting an external electrical conductor to an ohmic contact.

Gessert, Timothy A. (Conifer, CO)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Does Online Mobile Gaming Overcharge You for De-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Lin, and Kuan-Ta Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does Online Mobile Gaming Overcharge You for The Fun? De-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Lin, and Kuan-Ta Chen, National Chung Cheng University Abstract--With the growing popularity of online mobile games, the network traffic generated by them accounts for an increas- ingly significant proportion of mobile Internet traffic

Chen, Sheng-Wei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Lab 1 notes: Basic Matlab functions, plotting, and numerical integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Lab 1 notes: Basic Matlab functions, plotting for the class, and one within that for each problem set. Each time you open Matlab, make sure you change of the Matlab window). When you open Matlab, you should see a prompt that looks like this: >> You can do basic

Baskett, Marissa L.

202

Properties of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films prepared by ion-assisted deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Investigating the effect of ion-beam parameters on optical properties. • Exploring the effect of ion-beam parameters on structural properties. • Studying XRD patterns of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films deposited at different ion energies. - Abstract: Tantalum penta-oxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) thin films were deposited onto highly polished and clean, fused silica glass substrates via ion beam-assisted deposition at room temperature using a high-vacuum coater equipped with an electron beam gun. The effects of ion beam parameters, oxygen flow rate, and deposition rate on the optical and structural properties as well as the stress of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films were studied. It has been revealed that Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films deposited at 300 eV ion beam energy, 60 ?A/cm{sup 2} ion current density, 20 sccm oxygen flow rate and 0.6 nm/s deposition rate demonstrated excellent optical, structural and compressive stress.

Farhan, Mansour S. [College of Engineering, Wasit University (Iraq); Zalnezhad, E., E-mail: erfan_zalnezhad@yahoo.com [Center of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing, Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia); Bushroa, A.R. [Center of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing, Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical discovery disTricT is designed The BUilding's collegial and physical relaTionship To neighBoring faciliTies in The U's BioMedical discovery in the U's Biomedical Discovery District. "The brick, precast concrete, and curtain wall vocabulary

Weiblen, George D

204

Real-time observation of nanoscale topological transitions in epitaxial PbTe/CdTe heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The almost completely immiscible PbTe/CdTe heterostructure has recently become a prototype system for self-organized quantum dot formation based on solid-state phase separation. Here, we study by real-time transmission electron microscopy the topological transformations of two-dimensional PbTe-epilayers into, first, a quasi-one-dimensional percolation network and subsequently into zero-dimensional quantum dots. Finally, the dot size distribution coarsens by Ostwald ripening. The whole transformation sequence occurs during all stages in the fully coherent solid state by bulk diffusion. A model based on the numerical solution of the Cahn-Hilliard equation reproduces all relevant morphological and dynamic aspects of the experiments, demonstrating that this standard continuum approach applies to coherent solids down to nanometer dimensions. As the Cahn-Hilliard equation does not depend on atomistic details, the observed morphological transformations are general features of the model. To confirm the topological nature of the observed shape transitions, we developed a parameter-free geometric model. This, together with the Cahn-Hilliard approach, is in qualitative agreement with the experiments.

Groiss, H., E-mail: heiko.groiss@jku.at, E-mail: istvan.daruka@jku.at; Daruka, I., E-mail: heiko.groiss@jku.at, E-mail: istvan.daruka@jku.at; Springholz, G.; Schäffler, F. [Institute of Semiconductor and Solid State Physics, Johannes Kepler University, Linz 4040 (Austria); Koike, K.; Yano, M. [Nanomaterials Microdevices Research Center, Osaka Institute of Technology, Asahi-ku Ohmiya, Osaka 535-8585 (Japan); Hesser, G. [Center for Surface- and Nanoanalytics (ZONA), Johannes Kepler University, Linz 4040 (Austria); Zakharov, N.; Werner, P. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle 06120 (Germany)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Process Development for High Voc CdTe Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a cumulative and final report for Phases I, II and III of this NREL funded project (subcontract # XXL-5-44205-10). The main research activities of this project focused on the open-circuit voltage of the CdTe thin film solar cells. Although, thin film CdTe continues to be one of the leading materials for large-scale cost-effective production of photovoltaics, the efficiency of the CdTe solar cells have been stagnant for the last few years. This report describes and summarizes the results for this 3-year research project.

Ferekides, C. S.; Morel, D. L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

COMPETITIVE SOURCING  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP Meeting Proceedings October 30, 2002 Room 6E-069, 10:30 - 12:00 Agenda Opening Remarks Bruce Carnes Competitive Sourcing Update Denny O'Brien Team Briefings Team Leads ESG Discussion/Wrap up Bruce Carnes Attendees Bruce Carnes, Acting Chair MaryAnn Shebek Robert Card Prentis Cook Ambassador Brooks Tony Lane Kyle McSlarrow Karen Evans Suzanne Brennan, NTEU Claudia Cross Brian Costlow Helen Sherman Frank Bessera Laurie Morman Denny O'Brien Travis McCrory Bill Pearce Jeff Dowl Mark Hively Steven Apicella Robin Mudd Bruce Carnes chaired the meeting and began with welcoming NTEU to the meeting. In regard to the OMB's Balanced Scorecard, the Department has achieved a Green on progress and we are close to achieving a yellow on status.

207

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

physica status solidi, 19 June 2012 Amorphous structures of Ge/Sb/Te alloys: Density functional functional simulations, Ge/Sb/Te alloys. Corresponding author: e-mail r.jones@fz-juelich.de, Phone: +49 discussed the alloy As30Ge10Si12Te48, and Te-based alloys have been well represented ever since. Alloys

208

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paul Sellin, Radiation Imaging Group The role of defects on CdTe detector performance P.J. Sellin1-destructive material characterisation techniques have been applied to CdTe wafers grown by the Travelling Heater Method Imaging Group PL mapping of whole CdTe wafers PL ( =819 nm) scan for two CdTe wafers, (left: wafer L700

Sellin, Paul

209

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of CdTe Tetrapods into Network Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface Matthew D present a versatile method for cadmium telluride (CdTe) tetrapod syn- thesis by utilizing multiple Te the tetrapod shape. CdTe tetra- pods are a promising inorganic semicon- ductor for photovoltaic cells due

Lin, Zhiqun

210

Energy measurement of muons above 1 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pair production and bremsstrahlung cross-sections have sufficient magnitude and energy-dependence for muons above 1 TeV to suggest the use of these cross-sections for measurement of muon energies. A series of Mon...

M. K. Moe

1970-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

211

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This… (more)

Fahey, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Selective Area Epitaxy of CdTe on Nanopatterned Substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??HgCdTe/Si devices can potentially be significantly improved by the use of nanopatterned substrate structures on Si to control point and extended crystal defects. This thesis… (more)

Fahey, Stephen D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolometric experiments for neutrinoless double beta 3.2.1A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te by AdamSpring 2010 A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Neganov-Luke amplified cryogenic light detectors for the background discrimination in neutrinoless double beta decay search with TeO$_{2}$ bolometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate that Neganov-Luke amplified cryogenic light detectors with Transition Edge Sensor read-out can be applied for the background suppression in cryogenic experiments searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{130}\\text{Te}$ with TeO$_{2}$ based bolometers. Electron and gamma induced events can be discriminated from $\\alpha$ events by detecting the Cherenkov light produced by the $\\beta$ particles emitted in the decay. We use the Cherenkov light produced by events in the full energy peak of $^{208}\\text{Tl}$ and by events from a $^{147}\\text{Sm}$ source to show that at the Q-value of the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{130}\\text{Te}$ ($Q_{\\beta \\beta} = 2.53 \\,\\text{MeV}$), a separation of $e^{-}/\\gamma$ events from $\\alpha$ events can be achieved on an event-by-event basis with practically no reduction in signal acceptance.

M. Willers; F. v. Feilitzsch; A. Giuliani; A. Gütlein; A. Münster; J. -C. Lanfranchi; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; S. Roth; S. Schönert; M. v. Sivers; S. Wawoczny; A. Zöller

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

INTERACTION OF DEFECTS IN CdTe-CRYSTALS HEAVILY DOPED WITH CHLORINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ClTe) and (VCd 2 ClTe)] form, but larger clusters as well. Thus, the compensation process in Cl doped CdTe, PAGE In order to clarify the mechanism of compensation in semi-insulating crystals of CdTe doped.1051/rphysap:01977001202023500 #12;236 FIG. 1. - Photoluminescence spectra of In and Cl doped CdTe. ND = 10 17

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

216

REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUE PHASE DIAGRAM CALCULATION IN THE Te-Bi-Sb TERNARY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the stoichio- metric compounds Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 and SnTe-PbTe [16, 17] exhibit complete miscibility in both liquid 1976) Résumé. 2014 On calcule le diagramme de l'équilibre liquide-solide dans le système ternaire Te be achieved either by means of time- and labor-consuming measurements which permit plotting the equilibrium

Boyer, Edmond

217

Radiation source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device and method for relativistic electron beam heating of a high-density plasma in a small localized region. A relativistic electron beam generator or accelerator produces a high-voltage electron beam which propagates along a vacuum drift tube and is modulated to initiate electron bunching within the beam. The beam is then directed through a low-density gas chamber which provides isolation between the vacuum modulator and the relativistic electron beam target. The relativistic beam is then applied to a high-density target plasma which typically comprises DT, DD, or similar thermonuclear gas at a density of 10.sup.17 to 10.sup.20 electrons per cubic centimeter. The target gas is ionized prior to application of the relativistic electron beam by means of a laser or other preionization source to form a plasma. Utilizing a relativistic electron beam with an individual particle energy exceeding 3 MeV, classical scattering by relativistic electrons passing through isolation foils is negligible. As a result, relativistic streaming instabilities are initiated within the high-density target plasma causing the relativistic electron beam to efficiently deposit its energy into a small localized region of the high-density plasma target.

Thode, Lester E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Electrical characteristics of the CdTe-n-CdHgTe structure fabricated in a single molecular-beam epitaxy process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extraordinary shape of the capacitance-voltage characteristics of CdTe-CdHgTe structures has been detected; these characteristics include a specific 'hump' in the inversion region, the height of which increased severalfold under illumination. Additional measurements using an optical probe, measurements of current-voltage characteristics, and an analysis of the energy-band diagram of the structure showed the following. CdTe, in contrast to CdHgTe, is a p-type semiconductor with an acceptor concentration of 1 x 10{sup 16} cm{sup -3}; there is a hole inversion layer in CdHgTe at the boundary with CdTe, which causes the 'hump'; and the barrier height for holes at the CdTe-Cd{sub 0.43}Hg{sub 0.57}Te interface was determined as 0.13 eV.

Mashukov, Yu. P., E-mail: dr_mashukov@mail.ru; Mikhailov, N. N.; Vasilyev, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Phonon self-energy and origin of anomalous neutron scattering spectra in SnTe and PbTe thermoelectrics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The anharmonic lattice dynamics of rock-salt thermoelectric compounds SnTe and PbTe are investigated with inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and first-principles calculations. The experiments show that, surprisingly, although SnTe is closer to the ferroelectric instability, phonon spectra in PbTe exhibit a more anharmonic character. This behavior is reproduced in first-principles calculations of the temperature-dependent phonon self-energy. Our simulations reveal how the nesting of phonon dispersions induces prominent features in the self-energy, which account for the measured INS spectra and their temperature dependence. We establish that the phase-space for three-phonon scattering processes, rather than just the proximity to the lattice instability, is the mechanism determining the complex spectrum of the transverse-optical ferroelectric mode.

Li, Chen [ORNL] [ORNL; Ma, Jie [ORNL] [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL] [ORNL; Cao, Huibo [ORNL] [ORNL; Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL] [ORNL; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL] [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL] [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A 3 TeV on 3 TeV proton-proton dedicated collider for Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermilab Dedicated Collider proposed in May 1983 is a 2 TeV on 2 TeV p)bar p) collider. The expected luminosity is )approximately) 10/sup 31/ cm/sup (minus/2)sec/sup )minus/1) and the estimated cost is )approximately) $362M (FY-83 dollars). Since 1983 both the superconducting magnet and the particle detector technologies have advanced and the countenance of physics, hence the desired characteristics of new facilities have also altered somewhat. We want to show here that with the new magnet technology used for the SSC one can construct a 3 TeV on 3 TeV pp collider on the Fermilab site. This pp Dedicated Collider )PPDC) will have a luminosity of about 10/sub 33/cm/sup )minus/2)sec)sup)minus)1) and a cost only )approximately) 50)percent) more than that of the p)bar p) Dedicated Collider. 3 figs

Teng, L.C.

1988-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Laboratory analysis of soil hydraulic properties of TA-49 soil samples. Volume I: Report summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hydrologic Testing Laboratory at Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc. (DBS&A) has completed laboratory tests on TA-49 soil samples as specified by Mr. Daniel A. James and summarized in Table 1. Tables 2 through 12 give the results of the specified analyses. Raw laboratory data and graphical plots of data (where appropriate) are contained in Appendices A through K. Appendix L lists the methods used in these analyses. A detailed description of each method is available upon request. Thermal properties were calculated using methods reviewed by Campbell and covered in more detail in Appendix K. Typically, soil thermal conductivities are determined using empirical fitting parameters (five in this case), Some assumptions are also made in the equations used to reduce the raw data. In addition to the requested thermal property measurements, calculated values are also presented as the best available internal check on data quality. For both thermal conductivities and specific heats, calculated and measured values are consistent and the functions often cross. Interestingly, measured thermal conductivities tend to be higher than calculated thermal conductivities around typically encountered in situ moisture contents ({plus_minus}5 percent). While we do not venture an explanation of the difference, sensitivity testing of any problem requiring nonisothermal modeling across this range is in order.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Progress in Studies of Electron-Cloud-Induced Optics Distortions at CesrTA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cornell Electron Storage Ring Test Accelerator (CesrTA) program has included extensive measurements of coherent betatron tune shifts for a variety of electron and positron beam energies, bunch population levels, and bunch train configurations. The tune shifts have been shown to result primarily from the interaction of the beam with the space-charge field of the beam-induced low-energy electron cloud in the vacuum chamber. Comparison to several advanced electron cloud simulation codes has allowed determination of the sensitivity of these measurements to physical parameters characterizing the synchrotron radiation flux, the production of photo-electrons on the vacuum chamber wall, the beam emittance, lattice optics, and the secondary-electron yield model. We report on progress in understanding the cloud buildup and decay mechanisms in magnetic fields and in field-free regions, addressing quantitatively the precise determination of the physical parameters of the modeling. Validation of these models will serve as essential input in the design of damping rings for future high-energy linear colliders.

Crittenden, James; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Calvey, Joseph; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Dugan, Gerald; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Kreinick, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Leong, Zhidong; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Livezey, Jesse; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Palmer, Mark; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Rubin, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Sagan, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Furman, Miguel; /LBL, Berkeley; Penn, Gregory; /LBL, Berkeley; Venturini, Marco; /LBL, Berkeley; Harkay, Katherine; /Argonne; Holtzapple, Robert; /Cal. Poly.; Pivi, Mauro; /SLAC; Wang, Lanfa; /SLAC

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

223

New Results on e+e- Line Emission in U+Ta Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new results obtained from a series of follow-up e+e- coincidence measurements in heavy-ion collisions, utilizing an improved experimental set-up at the double-Orange beta-spectrometer of GSI. The collision system U+Ta was reinvestigated in three independent runs at beam energies in the range (6.0-6.4)xA MeV and different target thicknesses, with the objective to reproduce a narrow sum-energy e+e- line at ~635 keV observed previously in this collision system. At improved statistical accuracy, the line could not be found in these new data. For the ''fission'' scenario, an upper limit (1 sigma) on its production probability per collision of 1.3x10^{-8} can be set which has to be compared to the previously reported value of [4.9 +- 0.8 (stat.) +- 1.0 (syst)]x10^{-7}. In the light of the new results, a reanalysis of the old data shows that the continuous part of the spectrum at the line position is significantly higher than previously assumed, thus reducing the production probability of the line by a factor of two and its statistical significance to < 3.4sigma.

The Orange Collaboration; U. Leinberger; E. Berdermann; F. Heine; S. Heinz; O. Joeres; P. Kienle; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; C. Kozhuharov; M. Rhein; A. Schroeter; H. Tsertos

1996-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

224

A Quasicontinuum Study of Nanovoid Collapse under Uniaxial Loading in Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanisms underlying the deformation of nanovoids in Ta single crystals are analyzed when they are subjected to cyclic uniaxial deformation using numerical simulations. Boundary and cell-size effects have been mitigated by means of the Quasicontinuum (QC) method. We have considered {approx} 1 billion-atom systems containing 10.9 nm voids. Two kinds of simulations have been performed, each characterized by a different boundary condition. First, we compress the material along the nominal [0 0 1] direction, resulting in a highly symmetric configuration that results in high stresses. Second, we load the material along the high-index [{bar 4}819] direction to confine plasticity to a single slip system and break the symmetry. We find that the plastic response under these two conditions is strikingly different, the former governed by dislocation loop emission and dipole formation, while the latter is dominated by twinning. We calculate the irreversible plastic work budget derived from a loading-unloading cycle and identify the most relevant yield points. These calculations represent the first fully three-dimensional, fully non-local simulations of any body-centered cubic metal using QC.

Marian, J; Knap, J; Campbell, G

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE F0RhqE.R SITE OF THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT PLANT (TA-45)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CERTIFICATION DOCKET CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE F0RhqE.R SITE OF THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT PLANT (TA-45) AND THE EFFLUENT RECEIVING AREAS OF ACID, PUEBLO, AND LOS ALAMOS CANYOM, LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects -. CONTENTS A Page - Introduction to the Certification Docket for the Former Site of the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) and the Effluent Receiving Areas of Acid, Pueblo, and Los Alamos Canyons, Los Alamos, New Mexico Description of the Formeriy Utilized Sites Program at the Former Site of the T.4-45 Treatment Plant and Acid, Pueblo, and Los Alamos Canyons Purpose Property Identification Docket Contents

226

NEPA REVIE\ry LASO-10-001 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FUELS RESEARCH LAB AT TA-35.455  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIE\ry REVIE\ry LASO-10-001 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FUELS RESEARCH LAB AT TA-35.455 I. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION: Los Alamos National Laboratory proposes to modify an existing laboratory for a Fuels Research Lab (455-FRL). The laboratory would be used to fabricate and characterize fuel pellets. The proposed activities would take place at the former location of the Polymers & Coating Lab (PCL) located at TA-35, Building 455, in room 104. Authorization would need to be obtained for the processing of radioactive materials in this location. The current laboratory configuration of chilled water supply and return, gas, compressed air, and vacuum supply, electrical supply, HEPA filtration, and ventilation would be assessed and modified to suit 455- TPCL facility needs. Analytical and process equipment would be required for this facility. Glovebox

227

Multi-quasiparticle structures up to spin $\\sim{44}\\hbar$ in the odd-odd nucleus $^{168}$Ta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus $^{168}$Ta have been populated in the $^{120}$Sn($^{51}$V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin $\\sim{20\\hbar}$ to above ${40\\hbar}$. As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly-coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, $B(M1)/B(E2)$ ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in $^{168}$Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring odd-$Z$, odd-$N$, and odd-odd nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

X. Wang; D. J. Hartley; M. A. Riley; L. L. Riedinger; A. Aguilar; M. P. Carpenter; C. J. Chiara; P. Chowdhury; I. Darby; U. Garg; Q. Ijaz; R. V. F. Janssens; F. G. Kondev; S. Lakshmi; T. Lauritsen; W. C. Ma; E. A. McCutchan; S. Mukhopadhyay; E. P. Seyfried; I. Stefanescu; S. K. Tandel; U. S. Tandel; C. Teal; J. R. Vanhoy; S. Zhu

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

228

The effect of Ta doping in polycrystalline TiO{sub x} and the associated thin film transistor properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum (Ta) is suggested to act as an electron donor and crystal phase stabilizer in titanium oxide (TiO{sub x}). A transition occurs from an amorphous state to a crystalline phase at an annealing temperature above 300?°C in a vacuum ambient. As the annealing temperature increases from 300?°C to 450?°C, the mobility increases drastically from 0.07 cm{sup 2}/Vs to 0.61 cm{sup 2}/Vs. The remarkable enhancement of thin film transistor performance is suggested to be due to the splitting of Ti 3d band orbitals as well as the increase in Ta{sup 5+} ions that can act as electron donors.

Ok, Kyung-Chul, E-mail: kchul2926@naver.com; Park, Yoseb, E-mail: jozeph.park@gmail.com; Park, Jin-Seong, E-mail: kbchung@dankook.ac.kr, E-mail: jsparklime@hanyang.ac.kr [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Kwun-Bum, E-mail: kbchung@dankook.ac.kr, E-mail: jsparklime@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

Stability analysis of NbTi-Ta-based high field conductor cooled by pool boiling below 4 K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stability analysis has been performed for cabled NbTi-Ta-based superconductors intended for the high field (12 T) toroidal field coils for a large scale tokamak device such as ETF. Ternary NbTi-Ta was selected as the superconductor because of its superior critical current density at high field as compared to the binary alloy NbTi. The operating temperature was chosen to be 2.5 K or below to optimize the performance of the superconductor. A cabled conductor was selected to minimize the pulsed field losses. The conductor is cooled by pool boiling in a subcooled (approx. 2.5 K, 0.25 atm) bath, or in a superfluid helium (He-II) bath (approx. 1.8 K, 0.02 atm). The analysis was based on numerically simulating the evolution of a normal zone in the conductor. Appropriate superconductor properties and heat transfer characteristics were utilized in the simulation.

Chen, W.Y.; Alcorn, J.S.; Hsu, Y.H.; Purcell, J.R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Coulomb interaction of acceptors in Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe quantum dot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The investigation on the effect of confining potential like isotropic harmonic oscillator type potential on the binding and the Coulomb interaction energy of the double acceptors in the presence of magnetic field in a Cd{sub 1?x}Mn{sub x}Te/CdTe Spherical Quantum Dot has been made for the Mn ion composition x=0.3 and compared with the results obtained from the square well type potential using variational procedure in the effective mass approximation.

Kalpana, P.; Nithiananthi, P., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com; Jayakumar, K., E-mail: kjkumar-gri@rediffmail.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram-624302, TamilNadu (India); Reuben, A. Merwyn Jasper D. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering, Saveetha University, Thandalam, Chennai- 600104, TamilNadu (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

231

Total fission cross section of {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb induced by protons at relativistic energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Total fission cross section induced by protons in {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb at energies in the range of 300 to 1000 A MeV have been measured at GSI (Germany) using the inverse kinematics technique. A dedicated setup with high efficiency made it possible to determine these cross sections with high accuracy. The new data seed light in the controversial results obtained so far and contribute to the understanding of the fission process at high excitation energies. (authors)

Ayyad, Y.; Benlliure, J.; Casarejos, E. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Schmidt, K. H. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Jurado, B. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Kelic-Heil, A. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Pol, H. A. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Ricciardi, M. V.; Pleskac, R. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Enqvist, T. [CUPP Project, P.O. Box 22, FI-86801, Pyhsalmi (Finland); Rejmund, F. [Grand Accelerateur National D Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Giot, L. [Subatech - Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France); Henzl, V. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77, Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Lukic, S. [Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ngoc, S. N. [Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Inst. of Physics, National Centre for Natural Science and Technology, NgiaDo-TuLiem, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Boudard, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Leray, S. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Fernandez, M. [Entro de Investigaciones Energticas Medioambientales Y Tecnolgicas, Madrid (Spain); Kurtukian, T. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Nadtochy, P. [Omsk State Univ., Dept. of Theoretical Physics, RU-644077 Omsk (Russian Federation); Schmitt, C. [Grand Accelerateur National D'Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Henzlova, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Safeguards Science and Technology Group N-1, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Paradela, C. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Bacquias, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Loureiro, D. P. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Foehr, V. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Tarrio, D. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Kezzar, K. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Ab initio density functional studies of stepped TaC surfaces V. B. Shenoy and C. V. Ciobanu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RevB.67.081402 PACS number s : 68.35.Bs, 68.35.Md, 73.20.At The stepped surfaces of transition-metal carbides TiC, TaC, etc. are technologically important due to their applica- tions as surface catalysts as they provide a rich ground for studying faceting transitions that involve single- and multiple-height steps

Ciobanu, Cristian

233

Effects of Cu Diffusion from ZnTe:Cu/Ti Contacts on Carrier Lifetime of CdS/CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the performance of CdS/CdTe thin film PV devices processed with a ZnTe:Cu/Ti contact to investigate how carrier lifetime in the CdTe layer is affected by Cu diffusion from the contact.

Gessert, T. A.; Metzger, W. K.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M. R.; Johnston, S.; Dhere, R. G.; Duda, A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Stochastic Acceleration in the Galactic Center HESS Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic acceleration of electrons interacting resonantly with a turbulent magnetic field in a small accretion torus appears to be the likely mechanism responsible for much of Sagittarius A*'s millimeter and shorter wavelength spectrum. The longer wavelength radiation is produced at larger radii by electrons either diffusing from smaller scales or accelerated in situ. An important prediction of this model is the ejection of a significant flux of relativistic protons from a magnetic-field-dominated acceleration site into the wind-shocked medium surrounding the black hole. Recently, several air Cerenkov telescopes, notably HESS, have detected TeV emission from the Galactic center, with characteristics hinting at a p-p-induced pion decay process for the \\gamma-ray emission. Given (1) the size of this acceleration region measured in the radio band and (2) the wind-injected ISM mapped with Chandra using the diffuse X-rays, it is feasible to test the idea that protons accelerated within \\~20 Schwarzschild radii of the black hole produce the TeV emission farther out. We show a fraction of TeV protons scattering about once within ~3 pc of Sagittarius A* and the proton power (~10^37 erg s^-1) produced in concert with the 7 mm radio emission matches the TeV luminosity well. This model explains why the TeV source does not vary on a timescale of a year or less. The particle cascade generated by the p-p scatterings also produces bremsstrahlung, inverse Compton, and synchrotron emission at longer wavelengths from secondary particles. We compare these with current measurements and demonstrate that GLAST will detect this source during its one-year all-sky survey.

Siming Liu; Fulvio Melia; Vahe Petrosian; Marco Fatuzzo

2006-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

235

Quasifission and difference in formation of evaporation residues in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W and $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The excitation functions of capture, complete fusion, and evaporation residue formation in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W and $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reactions leading to the same $^{200}$Pb compound nucleus has been studied theoretically to explain the experimental data showing more intense yield of evaporation residue in the former reaction in comparison with that in the latter reaction. The observed difference is explained by large capture cross section in the former and by increase of the quasifission contribution to the yield of fission-like fragments in the $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reaction at large excitation energies. The probability of compound nucleus formation in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W reaction is larger but compound nuclei formed in both reactions have similar angular momentum ranges at the same excitation energy. The observed decrease of evaporation residue cross section normalized to the fusion cross section in the $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reaction in comparison with the one in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W reaction at high excitation energies is explained by the increase of hindrance in the formation of compound nucleus connected with more quick increase of the quasifission contribution in the $^{19}$F induced reaction. The spin distributions of the evaporation residue cross sections for the two reactions are also presented.

A. K. Nasirov; G. Mandaglio; M. Manganaro; A. I. Muminov; G. Fazio; G. Giardina

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

236

Infrared optical properties of amorphous and nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical constants of tantalum pentoxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) are determined in a broad spectral region from the visible to the far infrared. Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films of various thicknesses from approximately 170 to 1600 nm are deposited using reactive magnetron sputtering on Si substrates. X-ray diffraction shows that the as-deposited films are amorphous, and annealing in air at 800 °C results in the formation of nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Ellipsometry is used to obtain the dispersion in the visible and near-infrared. Two Fourier-transform infrared spectrometers are used to measure the transmittance and reflectance at wavelengths from 1 to 1000 ?m. The surface topography and microstructure of the samples are examined using atomic force microscopy, confocal microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Classical Lorentz oscillators are employed to model the absorption bands due to phonons and impurities. A simple model is introduced to account for light scattering in the annealed films, which contain micro-cracks. For the unannealed samples, an effective-medium approximation is used to take into account the adsorbed moisture in the film and a Drude free-electron term is also added to model the broad background absorption.

Bright, T. J.; Watjen, J. I.; Zhang, Z. M. [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Muratore, C. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Voevodin, A. A. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Koukis, D. I.; Tanner, D. B. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Arenas, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

237

Low-temperature oriented growth of vanadium dioxide films on CoCrTa metal template on Si and vertical metal-insulator transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors achieved oriented growth of vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}) films on CoCrTa metal template grown on an Si substrate. Low-temperature ({approx}250 Degree-Sign C) deposition of VO{sub 2} films using inductively coupled-plasma-assisted sputtering technique realized an abrupt interface between VO{sub 2} and CoCrTa layers, suppressing the oxidation and diffusion of metal components. The films revealed a metal-insulator transition with resistance change of over 2 orders of magnitude. The CoCrTa film, in which Co hexagonal crystalline grains with c-axis orientation were surrounded by segregated Cr and Ta, serves for the oriented growth of VO{sub 2} crystalline film, enabling higher orders of transition in resistance and low voltage switching, even for the vertical (out-of-plane) direction.

Okimura, Kunio; Mian, Md.Suruz [School of Engineering, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

RAPID TeV GAMMA-RAY FLARING OF BL LACERTAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the detection of a very rapid TeV gamma-ray flare from BL Lacertae on 2011 June 28 with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS). The flaring activity was observed during a 34.6 minute exposure, when the integral flux above 200 GeV reached (3.4 {+-} 0.6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} photons m{sup -2} s{sup -1}, roughly 125% of the Crab Nebula flux measured by VERITAS. The light curve indicates that the observations missed the rising phase of the flare but covered a significant portion of the decaying phase. The exponential decay time was determined to be 13 {+-} 4 minutes, making it one of the most rapid gamma-ray flares seen from a TeV blazar. The gamma-ray spectrum of BL Lacertae during the flare was soft, with a photon index of 3.6 {+-} 0.4, which is in agreement with the measurement made previously by MAGIC in a lower flaring state. Contemporaneous radio observations of the source with the Very Long Baseline Array revealed the emergence of a new, superluminal component from the core around the time of the TeV gamma-ray flare, accompanied by changes in the optical polarization angle. Changes in flux also appear to have occurred at optical, UV, and GeV gamma-ray wavelengths at the time of the flare, although they are difficult to quantify precisely due to sparse coverage. A strong flare was seen at radio wavelengths roughly four months later, which might be related to the gamma-ray flaring activities. We discuss the implications of these multiwavelength results.

Arlen, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Aune, T.; Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States)] [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland)] [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Dumm, J.; Fortson, L. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Falcone, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Federici, S. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)] [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Finnegan, G., E-mail: qfeng@purdue.edu, E-mail: cui@purdue.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Collaboration: VERITAS Collaboration; and others

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

239

Short-Range Layered A-Site Ordering in Double Perovskites NaLaBB?O6 (B = Mn, Fe; B? = Nb, Ta)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic exchange interactions in NaLaFeTaO6 and NaLaFeNbO6 are antiferromagnetic, while they are ferromagnetic in NaLaMnTaO6 and NaLaMnNbO6. ... This work has benefited from the use of HIPD at the Lujan Center at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, funded by DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences. ...

Walid Dachraoui; Tao Yang; Chang Liu; Graham King; Joke Hadermann; Gustaaf Van Tendeloo; Anna Llobet; Martha Greenblatt

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

240

Search for point sources of high energy neutrinos with final data from AMANDA-II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a search for point sources of high energy neutrinos using 3.8 yr of data recorded by AMANDA-II during 2000–2006. After reconstructing muon tracks and applying selection criteria designed to optimally retain neutrino-induced events originating in the northern sky, we arrive at a sample of 6595 candidate events, predominantly from atmospheric neutrinos with primary energy 100 GeV to 8 TeV. Our search of this sample reveals no indications of a neutrino point source. We place the most stringent limits to date on E-2 neutrino fluxes from points in the northern sky, with an average upper limit of E2???+???5.2×10-11??TeV?cm-2?s-1 on the sum of ?? and ?? fluxes, assumed equal, over the energy range from 1.9 TeV to 2.5 PeV.

R. Abbasi et al. (IceCube Collaboration)

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Neutron total cross section measurements of gold and tantalum at the nELBE photoneutron source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron total cross sections of 197 Au and nat Ta have been measured at the nELBE photoneutron source in the energy range from 0.1 - 10 MeV with a statistical uncertainty of up to 2 % and a total systematic uncertainty of 1 %. This facility is optimized for the fast neutron energy range and combines an excellent t ime structure of the neutron pulses (electron bunch width 5 ps) with a short flight path of 7 m. Because of the low instantaneous neutron flux transmission measurements of neutron total cross sections are possible, that exhibit very different beam and back ground conditions than found at other neutron sources.

Hannaske, Roland; Beyer, Roland; Junghans, Arnd; Bemmerer, Daniel; Birgersson, Evert; Ferrari, Anna; Grosse, Eckart; Kempe, Mathias; Kögler, Toni; Marta, Michele; Massarczyk, Ralph; Matic, Andrija; Schramm, Georg; Schwengner, Ronald; Wagner, Andreas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Influence of EDTA{sup 2-} on the hydrothermal synthesis of CdTe nanocrystallites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transformation from Te nanorods to CdTe nanoparticles was achieved with the assistance of EDTA as a ligand under hydrothermal conditions. Experimental results showed that at the beginning of reaction Te nucleated and grew into nanorods. With the proceeding of reaction, CdTe nucleus began to emerge on the surface, especially on the tips of Te nanorods. Finally, nearly monodispersed hexagonal CdTe nanoparticles with diameters of about 200 nm were obtained. The effects of EDTA on the morphology and formation of CdTe nanoparticles were discussed in consideration of the strong ligand-effect of EDTA, which greatly decreased the concentration of Cd{sup 2+}. Furthermore, the possible formation process of CdTe nanoparticles from Te nanorods was further proposed. The crystal structure and morphology of the products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). - Graphical Abstract: Firstly, Te nucleated and grew into nanorods in the presence of EDTA{sup 2-}. Then CdTe nucleus began to emerge on Te nanorods and finally monodispersed CdTe nanoparticles were obtained. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EDTA serves as a strong ligand with Cd{sup 2+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The existence of EDTA constrains the nucleation of CdTe and promotes the formation of Te nanorods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer With the proceeding of reaction, CdTe nucleus began to emerge on the surface, especially on the tips of Te nanorods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nearly monodispersed hexagonal CdTe nanoparticles with diameters of about 200 nm were finally obtained.

Gong Haibo [Center of Bio and Micro/nano Functional Materials, State Key Lab of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Hao Xiaopeng, E-mail: xphao@sdu.edu.cn [Center of Bio and Micro/nano Functional Materials, State Key Lab of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Wu Yongzhong [Center of Bio and Micro/nano Functional Materials, State Key Lab of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Cao Bingqiang; Xu Hongyan [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Xu Xiangang [Center of Bio and Micro/nano Functional Materials, State Key Lab of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Electrical Characterization of Cu Composition Effects in CdS/CdTe Thin-Film Solar Cells with a ZnTe:Cu Back Contact: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effects of Cu composition on the CdTe/ZnTe:Cu back contact and the bulk CdTe. For the back contact, its potential barrier decreases with Cu concentration while its saturation current density increases. For the bulk CdTe, the hole density increases with Cu concentration. We identify a Cu-related deep level at {approx}0.55 eV whose concentration is significant when the Cu concentration is high. The device performance, which initially increases with Cu concentration then decreases, reflects the interplay between the positive influences and negative influences (increasing deep levels in CdTe) of Cu.

Li, J. V.; Duenow, J. N.; Kuciauskas, D.; Kanevce, A.; Dhere, R. G.; Young, M. R.; Levi, D. H.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Metallurgy, thermal stability, and failure mode of the commercial Bi-Te-based thermoelectric modules.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bi-Te-based thermoelectric (TE) alloys are excellent candidates for power generation modules. We are interested in reliable TE modules for long-term use at or below 200 C. It is known that the metallurgical characteristics of TE materials and of interconnect components affect the performance of TE modules. Thus, we have conducted an extensive scientific investigation of several commercial TE modules to determine whether they meet our technical requirements. Our main focus is on the metallurgy and thermal stability of (Bi,Sb){sup 2}(Te,Se){sup 3} TE compounds and of other materials used in TE modules in the temperature range between 25 C and 200 C. Our study confirms the material suite used in the construction of TE modules. The module consists of three major components: AlN cover plates; electrical interconnects; and the TE legs, P-doped (Bi{sub 8}Sb{sub 32})(Te{sub 60}) and N-doped (Bi{sub 37}Sb{sub 3})(Te{sub 56}Se{sub 4}). The interconnect assembly contains Sn (Sb {approx} 1wt%) solder, sandwiched between Cu conductor with Ni diffusion barriers on the outside. Potential failure modes of the TE modules in this temperature range were discovered and analyzed. The results show that the metallurgical characteristics of the alloys used in the P and N legs are stable up to 200 C. However, whole TE modules are thermally unstable at temperatures above 160 C, lower than the nominal melting point of the solder suggested by the manufacture. Two failure modes were observed when they were heated above 160 C: solder melting and flowing out of the interconnect assembly; and solder reacting with the TE leg, causing dimensional swelling of the TE legs. The reaction of the solder with the TE leg occurs as the lack of a nickel diffusion barrier on the side of the TE leg where the displaced solder and/or the preexisting solder beads is directly contact the TE material. This study concludes that the present TE modules are not suitable for long-term use at temperatures above 160 C due to the reactivity between the Sn-solder and the (Bi,Sb){sup 2}(Te,Se){sup 3} TE alloys. In order to deploy a reliable TE power generator for use at or below 200 C, alternate interconnect materials must be used and/or a modified module fabrication technique must be developed.

Yang, Nancy Y. C.; Morales, Alfredo Martin

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Photohadronic origin of the TeV-PeV neutrinos observed in IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform an unbiased search of the origin of the recently observed 28 events above ?30??TeV in the IceCube neutrino observatory, assuming that these are (apart from the atmospheric background) of astrophysical origin produced by photohadronic interactions. Instead of relying on the normalization of the neutrino flux, we demonstrate that spectral shape and flavor composition can be used to constrain or identify the source class. In order to quantify our observations, we use a model where the target photons are produced by the synchrotron emission of coaccelerated electrons, and we include magnetic field effects on the secondary muons, pions, and kaons. We find that the lack of observed events with energies much larger than PeV points towards sources with strong magnetic fields, which do not exhibit a direct correlation between highest cosmic ray and neutrino energies. While the simplest active galactic nuclei models with efficient proton acceleration plausibly describe the current data at about the 3? confidence level, we show that IceCube can rule out that the observed neutrinos stem from the sources of the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays with a factor of 10 increased statistics at more than 5? if the current observations are confirmed. A possible caveat are sources with strong magnetic fields and high Lorentz factors, such as magnetic energy dominated gamma-ray bursts.

Walter Winter

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effect of solvents on morphologies of PbTe nanostructures: Controllable synthesis of hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes by a solvothermal method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a facile solvothermal route to grow hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes. The hollow PbTe nanocubes were successfully achieved when EtOH was used as solvent in the presence of nonionic polymer PEG, while the solid PbTe nanocubes were obtained when EG was used as solvent in the presence of PEG, whilst keeping the other experimental conditions constant. The results indicate that the solvents used in reaction system play a key role to determine the interior structure of PbTe nanocubes. On the basis of the experimental results and analysis, a possible growth mechanism has been discussed in detail for the hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes. - Graphical abstract: A facile solution-phase route has been developed to synthesize hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes. The possible growth mechanism of hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes was discussed in detail. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A facile controllable route was described for hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hollow PbTe nanocubes were achieved using EtOH as solvent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The solid PbTe nanocubes were obtained using EG as solvent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The solvent played a key role for the formation of hollow and solid PbTe nanocubes.

Wang Wenzhong, E-mail: wzhwang@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [School of Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081 (China); Wang Lijuan [School of Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081 (China); Zhou Qing [College of Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Decaying dark matter as a probe of unification and TeV spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In supersymmetric unified theories the dark matter particle can decay, just like the proton, through grand unified interactions with a lifetime of order of ?1026??sec. Its decay products can be detected by several experiments—including Fermi, HESS, PAMELA, ATIC, and IceCube—opening our first direct window to physics at the TeV scale and simultaneously at the unification scale ?1016??GeV. We consider possibilities for explaining the electron/positron spectra observed by HESS, PAMELA, and ATIC, and the resulting predictions for the gamma-ray, electron/positron, and neutrino spectra as will be measured, for example, by Fermi and IceCube. The discovery of an isotropic, hard gamma ray spectral feature at Fermi would be strong evidence for dark matter and would disfavor astrophysical sources such as pulsars. Substructure in the cosmic ray spectra probes the spectroscopy of new TeV-mass particles. For example, a preponderance of electrons in the final state can result from the lightness of selectrons relative to squarks. Decaying dark matter acts as a sparticle injector with an energy reach potentially higher than the LHC. The resulting cosmic ray flux depends only on the values of the weak and unification scales.

Asimina Arvanitaki; Savas Dimopoulos; Sergei Dubovsky; Peter W. Graham; Roni Harnik; Surjeet Rajendran

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

248

Hadron supercolliders: The 1-TeV scale and beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Greater understanding of the connection between the weak and electromagnetic interactions is central to progress in elementary-particle physics. A definitive exploration of the mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking will require collisions between fundamental constituents at energies on the order of 1 TeV. This goal drives the design of high-energy, high-luminosity hadron colliders that will be commissioned during the next decade, but by no means completely defines their scientific potential. These three lectures are devoted to a review of the standard-model issues that motivated an experimental assault on the 1-TeV scale, an introduction to the machines and the experimental environment they will present, and a survey of possibilities for measurement and discovery with a multi-TeV hadron collider. 72 refs., 29 figs.

Quigg, C.

1990-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

What causes high resistivity in CdTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shallow donors are often introduced into semiconductor materials to enhance n-type conductivity. However, they can sometimes also be used to obtain compensation between donors and acceptors, resulting in high resistivity in semiconductors. For example, CdTe can be made semi-insulating by shallow donor doping. This is routinely done to obtain high resistivity in CdTe-based radiation detectors. However, it is widely believed that the shallow donor alone cannot be responsible for the high resistivity in CdTe. This is based on the argument that it is practically impossible to control the shallow donor doping level so precisely that the free carrier density can be brought below the desired value suitable for radiation detection applications. Therefore, a deep native donor is usually assumed to exist in CdTe and pin the Fermi level near midgap. In this paper, we present our calculations on carrier statistics and energetics of shallow donors and native defects in CdTe and illustrate different donor-specific mechanisms for achieving carrier compensation. Our results show that the shallow donor can be used to reliably obtain high resistivity in CdTe without requiring additional deep donors. Since radiation detection applications require both high resistivity and good carrier transport, one should generally use shallow donors and shallow acceptors for carrier compensation and avoid deep centers that are effective carrier traps. This study highlights how the interaction between impurities and native defects intricately affects the Fermi level pinning in the semiconductor band gap and the associated resistivity of the material.

Biswas, Koushik [ORNL; Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Optically induced magnetic polarons in EuTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurements of the photoinduced magnetization in EuTe, using a two color pump-and-probe technique, are presented. The photoinduced effect was pumped using photons of above-the-bandgap energy, and detected by the Faraday rotation of a probe beam of energy below-the-bandgap. The photoinduced Faraday rotation changes sign, as expected from our model for the optically induced magnetic polaron. The EuTe spin-flop transition at low fields is also detected as a sharp step in the photoinduced Faraday rotation, and its observation provides additional supports for the photoinduced polaron model.

Henriques, A. B.; Galgano, G. D. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, São Paulo (Brazil); Abramof, E.; Rappl, P. H. O. [LAS - INPE, Av. Dos Astronautas, 1758, 12227-010, São José dos Campos (Brazil)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

251

Precision Calibration of the NuTeV Calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NuTeV is a neutrino-nucleon deep-inelastic scattering experiment at Fermilab. The detector consists of an iron-scintillator sampling calorimeter interspersed with drift chambers, followed by a muon toroidal spectrometer. We present determinations of response and resolution functions of the NuTeV calorimeter for electrons, hadrons, and muons over an energy range of 4.8 to 190 GeV. The absolute hadronic energy scale is determined to an accuracy of 0.43%. We compare our measurements to predictions from calorimeter theory and GEANT3 simulations.

The NuTeV Collaboration; D. A. Harris; J. Yu

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Relativistic calculations of electronic states of TeH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relativistic configuration interaction calculations of five ?–? states [3/2 1/2 1/2(II) 3/2(II) 5/2] of TeH are carried out. Comparison calculations of the 2? and 4? ?–s states are also carried out with the objective of understanding the effect of spin–orbit interaction on the electronic states of TeH. These calculations enable assignment of some of the experimentally observed spectra. The 1/2(II) 3/2(II) and 5/2 states exhibit interesting avoided crossings.

K. Balasubramanian; Ming Han; M. Z. Liao

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

PRECONTACT SURFACE CHEMISTRY EFFECTS ON CdWCdTe SOLAR CELL PERFORMANCE AND STABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRECONTACT SURFACE CHEMISTRY EFFECTS ON CdWCdTe SOLAR CELL PERFORMANCE AND STABILITY Dave Albin (CBD) and close spaced sublimation (CSS) respectively. CdTe growth is followed by either solution

Sites, James R.

254

Impurity and back contact effects on CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells are the most promising cost-effective solar cells. The goal of this project is to improve the performance for CdS/CdTe devices… (more)

Zhao, Hehong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Resonant Level Enhancement of the Thermoelectric Power of Bi2Te3...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Power of Bi2Te3 with Tin Application to practical p-type thermoelectric tin alloys for heat pumps. heremans.pdf More Documents & Publications The tin impurity in Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3...

256

Pressure-induced Phase Transition in Thiol-capped CdTe Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transitions for CdTe nanoparticles (NPs) under high pressure up to 37.0 GPa have been studied using fluorescence measurements. The phase transition from cinnarbar to rocksalt phase has been observed in CdTe NPs solution at 5.8 GPa, which is much higher than the phase transition pressure of bulk CdTe (3.8 GPa) and that of CdTe NPs in solid form (0.8 GPa). CdTe NPs solution therefore shows elevated phase transition pressure and enhanced stability against pressure compared with bulk CdTe and CdTe NPs in solid forms. The enhanced stability of CdTe NPs solution has been attributed to possible shape change in the phase transition and/or inhomogeneous strains in nanoparticle solutions.

Wu, F; Zaug, J; Young, C; Zhang, J Z

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

257

Ligand Mediated Surface Reconstruction of Photoluminescent CdTe Quantum Dots.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Enhancement of photoluminescence (PL) is observed for light-shielded dodecylamine-capped colloidal CdTe quantum dots (CdTe/DDA QDs) dispersed in toluene after washing and recapping. The PL quantum… (more)

Onnink, A.J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Development of Materials and Structures for p-type Contacts in CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Solar cells based on CdTe absorbers are attractive due to the optimal direct band gap energy and large absorption coefficient of CdTe, however, their performance… (more)

Ferizovic, Dino

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

WAVELENGTH DEPENDENT EFFECTIVE TRAP DENSITY IN CdTe : EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF TWO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 WAVELENGTH DEPENDENT EFFECTIVE TRAP DENSITY IN CdTe : EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF TWO.1016/S0030-4018(96)00516-0 #12;2 Photorefractive semiconductors like CdTe are characterized by a low

260

Change in the current-carrier concentration upon doping PbTe with gallium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upon doping PbTe with gallium, both high-resistivity samples with intrinsic conductivity and low-resistivity samples with electronic conductivity (n/sub e/ = 10/sup 18/ cm/sup -3/) are produced on the PbTe-GaTe section. A thorough investigation of the dependence of the thermo-emf of Pb/sub 1-x/Ga/sub x/Te on the excess Pb and Te side showed the presence of a wide region with intrinsic conductivity. The experimental data can be explained by the fact that impure gallium in PbTe has negative Hubbard energy and stabilizes the Fermi level almost at the center of the forbidden band. At high gallium concentrations, Ga/sub 2/Te/sub 3/ precipitates at first, and then GaTe precipitates as well. The lead forming in excess transforms Ga/sup 3 +/ to Ga/sup +/, which produces the electronic conductivity in the material.

Bushmarina, G.S.; Gruzinov, B.F.; Drabkin, I.A.; Lev, E.Ya.; Moizhes, B.Ya; Suprun, S.G.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Junction Evolution During Fabrication of CdS/CdTe Thin-film PV Solar Cells (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discussion of the formation of CdTe thin-film PV junctions and optimization of CdTe thin-film PV solar cells.

Gessert, T. A.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Search for $?^+$EC and ECEC processes in $^{112}$Sn and $?^-?^-$ decay of $^{124}$Sn to the excited states of $^{124}$Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limits on $\\beta^+$EC and ECEC processes in $^{112}$Sn and on $\\beta^-\\beta^-$ decay of $^{124}$Sn to the excited states of $^{124}$Te have been obtained using a 380 cm$^3$ HPGe detector and an external source consisting of natural tin. A limit with 90% C.L. on the $^{112}$Sn half-life of $0.92\\times 10^{20}$ y for the ECEC(0$\

A. S. Barabash; Ph. Hubert; A. Nachab; S. I. Konovalov; I. A. Vanyushin; V. I. Umatov

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

263

Two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations in central PbPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first measurement of two-pion Bose--Einstein correlations in central PbPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 2.76 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider is presented. We observe a growing trend with energy now not only for the longitudinal and the outward but also for the sideward pion source radius. The pion homogeneity volume and the decoupling time are significantly larger than those measured at RHIC.

ALICE Collaboration; K. Aamodt; A. Abrahantes Quintana; D. Adamová; A. M. Adare; M. M. Aggarwal; G. Aglieri Rinella; A. G. Agocs; S. Aguilar Salazar; Z. Ahammed; N. Ahmad; A. Ahmad Masoodi; S. U. Ahn; A. Akindinov; D. Aleksandrov; B. Alessandro; R. Alfaro Molina; A. Alici; A. Alkin; E. Almaráz Aviña; T. Alt; V. Altini; S. Altinpinar; I. Altsybeev; C. Andrei; A. Andronic; V. Anguelov; C. Anson; T. Anti?i?; F. Antinori; P. Antonioli; L. Aphecetche; H. Appelshäuser; N. Arbor; S. Arcelli; A. Arend; N. Armesto; R. Arnaldi; T. Aronsson; I. C. Arsene; A. Asryan; A. Augustinus; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; J. Äystö; M. D. Azmi; M. Bach; A. Badalà; Y. W. Baek; S. Bagnasco; R. Bailhache; R. Bala; R. Baldini Ferroli; A. Baldisseri; A. Baldit; J. Bán; R. Barbera; F. Barile; G. G. Barnaföldi; L. S. Barnby; V. Barret; J. Bartke; M. Basile; N. Bastid; B. Bathen; G. Batigne; B. Batyunya; C. Baumann; I. G. Bearden; H. Beck; I. Belikov; F. Bellini; R. Bellwied; E. Belmont-Moreno; S. Beole; I. Berceanu; A. Bercuci; E. Berdermann; Y. Berdnikov; L. Betev; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; L. Bianchi; N. Bianchi; C. Bianchin; J. Biel?ík; J. Biel?íková; A. Bilandzic; E. Biolcati; A. Blanc; F. Blanco; F. Blanco; D. Blau; C. Blume; M. Boccioli; N. Bock; A. Bogdanov; H. Bøggild; M. Bogolyubsky; L. Boldizsár; M. Bombara; C. Bombonati; J. Book; H. Borel; C. Bortolin; S. Bose; F. Bossú; M. Botje; S. Böttger; B. Boyer; P. Braun-Munzinger; L. Bravina; M. Bregant; T. Breitner; M. Broz; R. Brun; E. Bruna; G. E. Bruno; D. Budnikov; H. Buesching; O. Busch; Z. Buthelezi; D. Caffarri; X. Cai; H. Caines; E. Calvo Villar; P. Camerini; V. Canoa Roman; G. Cara Romeo; F. Carena; W. Carena; F. Carminati; A. Casanova Díaz; M. Caselle; J. Castillo Castellanos; V. Catanescu; C. Cavicchioli; P. Cerello; B. Chang; S. Chapeland; J. L. Charvet; S. Chattopadhyay; S. Chattopadhyay; M. Cherney; C. Cheshkov; B. Cheynis; E. Chiavassa; V. Chibante Barroso; D. D. Chinellato; P. Chochula; M. Chojnacki; P. Christakoglou; C. H. Christensen; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; C. Cicalo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; J. Cleymans; F. Coccetti; J. -P. Coffin; S. Coli; G. Conesa Balbastre; Z. Conesa del Valle; P. Constantin; G. Contin; J. G. Contreras; T. M. Cormier; Y. Corrales Morales; I. Cortés Maldonado; P. Cortese; M. R. Cosentino; F. Costa; M. E. Cotallo; E. Crescio; P. Crochet; E. Cuautle; L. Cunqueiro; G. D'Erasmo; A. Dainese; H. H. Dalsgaard; A. Danu; D. Das; I. Das; A. Dash; S. Dash; S. De; A. De Azevedo Moregula; G. O. V. de Barros; A. De Caro; G. de Cataldo; J. de Cuveland; A. De Falco; D. De Gruttola; N. De Marco; S. De Pasquale; R. De Remigis; R. de Rooij; H. Delagrange; Y. Delgado Mercado; G. Dellacasa; A. Deloff; V. Demanov; E. Dénes; A. Deppman; D. Di Bari; C. Di Giglio; S. Di Liberto; A. Di Mauro; P. Di Nezza; T. Dietel; R. Divià; Ø. Djuvsland; A. Dobrin; T. Dobrowolski; I. Domínguez; B. Dönigus; O. Dordic; O. Driga; A. K. Dubey; L. Ducroux; P. Dupieux; A. K. Dutta Majumdar; M. R. Dutta Majumdar; D. Elia; D. Emschermann; H. Engel; H. A. Erdal; B. Espagnon; M. Estienne; S. Esumi; D. Evans; S. Evrard; G. Eyyubova; C. W. Fabjan; D. Fabris; J. Faivre; D. Falchieri; A. Fantoni; M. Fasel; R. Fearick; A. Fedunov; D. Fehlker; V. Fekete; D. Felea; G. Feofilov; A. Fernández Téllez; A. Ferretti; R. Ferretti; M. A. S. Figueredo; S. Filchagin; R. Fini; D. Finogeev; F. M. Fionda; E. M. Fiore; M. Floris; S. Foertsch; P. Foka; S. Fokin; E. Fragiacomo; M. Fragkiadakis; U. Frankenfeld; U. Fuchs; F. Furano; C. Furget; M. Fusco Girard; J. J. Gaardhøje; S. Gadrat; M. Gagliardi; A. Gago; M. Gallio; P. Ganoti; C. Garabatos; R. Gemme; J. Gerhard; M. Germain; C. Geuna; A. Gheata; M. Gheata; B. Ghidini; P. Ghosh; M. R. Girard; G. Giraudo; P. Giubellino; E. Gladysz-Dziadus; P. Glässel; R. Gomez; L. H. González-Trueba; P. González-Zamora; H. González Santos; S. Gorbunov; S. Gotovac; V. Grabski; R. Grajcarek; J. L. Gramling; A. Grelli; A. Grigoras; C. Grigoras; V. Grigoriev; A. Grigoryan; S. Grigoryan; B. Grinyov; N. Grion; P. Gros; J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus; J. -Y. Grossiord; R. Grosso; F. Guber; R. Guernane; C. Guerra Gutierrez; B. Guerzoni; K. Gulbrandsen; H. Gulkanyan; T. Gunji; A. Gupta; R. Gupta; H. Gutbrod; Ø. Haaland; C. Hadjidakis; M. Haiduc; H. Hamagaki; G. Hamar; J. W. Harris; M. Hartig; D. Hasch; D. Hasegan; D. Hatzifotiadou; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Heide; M. Heinz; H. Helstrup; A. Herghelegiu; C. Hernández; G. Herrera Corral; N. Herrmann; K. F. Hetland; B. Hicks; P. T. Hille; B. Hippolyte; T. Horaguchi; Y. Hori; P. Hristov; I. H?ivná?ová; M. Huang; S. Huber; T. J. Humanic; D. S. Hwang; R. Ichou; R. Ilkaev; I. Ilkiv; M. Inaba; E. Incani; G. M. Innocenti; P. G. Innocenti; M. Ippolitov; M. Irfan; C. Ivan; A. Ivanov; M. Ivanov; V. Ivanov; A. Jacho?kowski; P. M. Jacobs; L. Jancurová

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

Analysis of Bose-Einstein correlations at fixed multiplicities in TeV energy $pp$ collisions in the quantum optical approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The multiplicity distribution and the two-particle Bose-Einstein correlations at fixed multiplicities observed in $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV by the ALICE Collaboration are analyzed by the formulae obtained in the quantum optical approach. The chaoticity parameters in the inclusive and semi-inclusive events are estimated from the analysis. Multiplicity or $k_T$ dependence of longitudinal and transverse source radii are also estimated.

N. Suzuki; M. Biyajima

2013-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

265

1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS solar cells are among the most promising  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Te/CdS SOLAR CELLS A.Romeo, A.N. Tiwari, and H. Zogg Thin Films Physics Group, Institute of Quantum ElectronicsTe/CdS thin film solar cells. The merits of different TCOs and the properties of the CdTe/CdS solar cells1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS solar cells are among the most promising devices for low cost and high

Romeo, Alessandro

266

{delta}{sup 0} resonance production in peripheral 4.2A GeV C+Ta collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of {delta}{sup 0}(1232){yields}p{pi}{sup -} resonance is studied in peripheral C+Ta collisions at 4.2A GeV using the 2-m propane bubble chamber exposed at JINR Dubna Synchrophasotron. Using an invariant mass distribution of p{pi}{sup -} pairs and additional kinematical constrains, the mass, width, and kinematical characteristics of {delta}{sup 0} resonance are determined. The ratio of the number of pions originated from {delta}{sup 0} resonance decay to the number of all pions (resonant and nonresonant) is estimated. The analogous ratio for protons is also determined.

Simic, Lj.; Milosavljevic, M. Vranjes; Mendas, I.; Popovic, D. S. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P. O. Box 68, 11081 Belgrade (Serbia); Krpic, D. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P. O. Box 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Nanoscale Imaging of Photocurrent and Efficiency in CdTe Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoscale Imaging of Photocurrent and Efficiency in CdTe Solar Cells ... The local collection characteristics of grain interiors and grain boundaries in thin-film CdTe polycrystalline solar cells are investigated using scanning photocurrent microscopy. ... photovoltaics; CdTe; scanning photocurrent microscopy; solar cells; NSOM ...

Marina S. Leite; Maxim Abashin; Henri J. Lezec; Anthony Gianfrancesco; A. Alec Talin; Nikolai B. Zhitenev

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Stan D. Wullschleger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Stan D. Wullschleger://csite.eds.ornl.gov PROJECT DESCRIPTION The Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) project conducts research of switchgrass growing in the field. #12;Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems (CSiTE) tion of inputs

269

NREL study may provide future guidance in improving CdS/CdTe photovoltaic device performance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL study may provide future guidance in improving CdS/CdTe photovoltaic device performance. The majority of minority carrier lifetime (MCL) studies performed on CdS/CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices have Carrier Lifetime Measurements in Superstrate and Substrate CdTe PV Devices." Proc. 37th IEEE Photovoltaic

270

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 13881391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1388­1391 Bifacial configurations for CdTe solar We present a different back contact for CdTe solar cell by the application of only a transparent that acts as a free-Cu stable back contact and at the same time allows to realize bifacial CdTe solar cells

Romeo, Alessandro

271

PHOTOSCANNING OF CdTe DETECTORS FOR INVESTIGATION OF CRYSTAL QUALITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

349 PHOTOSCANNING OF CdTe DETECTORS FOR INVESTIGATION OF CRYSTAL QUALITY AND CONTACT BEHAVIOUR P. A. Preliminary results are reported on light scanning of CdTe detectors with a mechanical scanning system using is absorbed in CdTe with an absorption length of appro- ximately 10 gm. The two mirrors were driven

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

272

Optical implementation of entangled multi-spin states in a CdTe quantum well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical implementation of entangled multi-spin states in a CdTe quantum well J.M. Baoa , A in a CdTe quantum well. Our method, relying on the exchange interaction between optically excited holes; 78.67.De; 42.50.Md Keywords: A. CdTe quantum wells; D. Ultrafast optics; D. Quantum computation; D

Bao, Jiming

273

Structural tuning of color chromaticity through nonradiative energy transfer by interspacing CdTe nanocrystal monolayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural tuning of color chromaticity through nonradiative energy transfer by interspacing CdTe transfer in the heterostructure of layer-by-layer spaced CdTe nanocrystal NC solids. We achieved highly demonstrated efficient FRET in LbL assembled bilayers of CdTe NCs. In another structure, alternating layers

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

274

USE OF VARIOUS DEVICE GEOMETRIES TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF CdTe DETECTORS (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

343 USE OF VARIOUS DEVICE GEOMETRIES TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF CdTe DETECTORS (*) K. ZANIO. - The most direct method of increasing the resolution of CdTe gamma ray and x-ray detectors is to increase of Environmental and Biomedical Research. doped CdTe. Devices do not polarize as those having blocking contacts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

NUMERICAL MODELING OF CIGS AND CdTe SOLAR CELLS: SETTING THE BASELINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUMERICAL MODELING OF CIGS AND CdTe SOLAR CELLS: SETTING THE BASELINE M. Gloeckler, A. Consequently specific baseline parameters for CIGS and CdTe are proposed. The modeling results important complications that are often found in experimental CIGS and CdTe solar cells. 1. INTRODUCTION

Sites, James R.

276

USE OF CdTe DETECTORS IN BONE MINERAL MEASUREMENTS J. VOGEL, J. ULLMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

375 USE OF CdTe DETECTORS IN BONE MINERAL MEASUREMENTS J. VOGEL, J. ULLMAN Nuclear Medicine. Cet ensemble emploie des détecteurs CdTe mesurant la transmission d'un faisceau collimaté de rayons X periods of prolonged bedrest or weightlessness. The unit employs CdTe detectors to mea- sure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Nonresonant four-wave mixing in photorefractive CdTe crystals using a picosecond parametric generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonresonant four-wave mixing in photorefractive CdTe crystals using a picosecond parametric at nonresonant interaction, thus allowing a study of time-resolved carrier transport in CdTe crystals to be made space-charge SC electric fields have been studied in vanadium or germanium doped semi-insulating CdTe

Boyer, Edmond

278

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CdTe GAMMA RAY DETECTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

141 IMPROVEMENTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CdTe GAMMA RAY DETECTORS S. BRELANT The Aerospace been made in the quality of chlorine-doped CdTe crystals manufactured by the traveling heater method applications of CdTe gamma ray detectors has been the continuous measurement of ablating materials

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

CRYSTAL GROWTH BY SOLVENT TECHNIQUES AND CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CdTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 CRYSTAL GROWTH BY SOLVENT TECHNIQUES AND CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES OF CdTe T. TAGUCHI, J and holes are obtained. REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUÃ?E TOME 12, FÃ?VRIER 1977, PAGE 117 1. Introduction. - CdTe during donor doping since CdTe has a strong tendency for self compensation However, in spite of a great

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

APPLICATIONS OF CdTe. A REVIEW Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation, 16 Hickory Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATIONS OF CdTe. A REVIEW F. V. WALD Mobil Tyco Solar Energy Corporation, 16 Hickory Drive sont également données. Abstract. 2014 The review considers the history of CdTe in short form advanced. II. APPLICATIONS OF CADMIUM TELLURIDE AND DEVICES BASED ON THIS MATERIAL. Section II. 1 : CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CHARACTERIZATION OF CdTe WITH PHOTOELECTRONIC TECHNIQUES A. M. MANCINI and C. MANFREDOTTI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

255 CHARACTERIZATION OF CdTe WITH PHOTOELECTRONIC TECHNIQUES A. M. MANCINI and C. MANFREDOTTI seront discutés dans le cas où elles sont mises en 0153uvre sur CdTe. Abstract. 2014 Thermally stimulated current (TSC) and space-charge limited current (SCLC) measurements have been performed in CdTe grown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

282

BIOTELEMETRY BASED ON CdTe-DETECTORS J. BOJSEN, N. ROSSING, O. SOEBERG and S. VADSTRUP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radionuclide detectors (CdTe) 2-3 mm3 (developed by C. R. N. Strasbourg) have been tested with special to the skin for surface detection [2, 3]. Among several new semiconductor materials the cadmium telluride (CdTe. - The detector probe, developed by C. R. N., Strasbourg, France, consists of a CdTe- crystal (2-3 mm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

EFFECT OF BACK-CONTACT COPPER CONCENTRATION ON CdTe CELL OPERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF BACK-CONTACT COPPER CONCENTRATION ON CdTe CELL OPERATION A.O. Pudov, M. Gloeckler, S of Mechanical Engineering Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523 ABSTRACT CdTe solar cells were Copper is commonly used to form low-barrier contacts to p-type CdTe absorbers. Copper, however, is a fast

Sites, James R.

284

CHARACTERIZATION OF UNDOPED HIGH RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A THM METHOD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

185 CHARACTERIZATION OF UNDOPED HIGH RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A THM METHOD R. STUCK, J. C. MULLER techniques of cadmium tellu- ride crystals (CdTe) allowed to obtain high resistivity crystals of detector shape of the phase diagram of CdTe, it seemed interesting to characterize these materials in order

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Exploring the Potential for High-Quality Epitaxial CdTe Solar Cells , Ana Kanevce2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the Potential for High-Quality Epitaxial CdTe Solar Cells Tao Song1 , Ana Kanevce2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, USA Abstract -- Traditional polycrystalline CdTeV and ~ 20%. Epitaxial CdTe with high-quality, low defect-density, and high carrier density, could yield

Sites, James R.

286

Biaxial CdTe/CaF2 films growth on amorphous surface , F. Tang a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electron microscopy Metal organic chemical vapor deposition A continuous and highly biaxially textured CdTe nanorods as a buffer layer. The interface between the CdTe film and CaF2 nanorods and the morphology of the CdTe film were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy

Wang, Gwo-Ching

287

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISSERTATION ELECTRON-REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS Submitted by Kuo-Jui Hsiao ELECTRON- REFLECTOR STRATEGY FOR CdTe THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS SOLAR CELLS The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical

Sites, James R.

288

Trace formula for dielectric cavities III: TE modes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of the semiclassical trace formula for the resonances with the transverse electric (TE) polarization for two-dimensional dielectric cavities is discussed. Special attention is given to the derivation of the two first terms of Weyl's series for the average number of such resonances. The obtained formulas agree well with numerical calculations for dielectric cavities of different shapes.

E. Bogomolny; R. Dubertrand

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

STAFF POSITION DESCRIPTION SAN JOSE STA TE HUMAN RESOURCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STAFF POSITION DESCRIPTION SAN JOSE STA TE HUMAN RESOURCES UNIVERSITY Workforce Planning l: 408-924-2250 I408-924-1784 (fax) Job Description Staff Date: Workforce Planning, Human Resources (Name [Workforce Planning reviews the CSU classification standards with essential duties of the positions] F

Su, Xiao

290

Results of a Si/CdTe Compton Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have been developing a semiconductor Compton telescope to explore the universe in the energy band from several tens of keV to a few MeV. We use a Si strip and CdTe pixel detector for the Compton telescope to cover an energy range from 60 keV. For energies above several hundred keV, the higher efficiency of CdTe semiconductor in comparison with Si is expected to play an important role as an absorber and a scatterer. In order to demonstrate the spectral and imaging capability of a CdTe-based Compton Telescope, we have developed a Compton telescope consisting of a stack of CdTe pixel detectors as a small scale prototype. With this prototype, we succeeded in reconstructing images and spectra by solving the Compton equation from 122 keV to 662 keV. The energy resolution (FWHM) of reconstructed spectra is 7.3 keV at 511 keV and 3.1 keV at 122 keV, respectively. The angular resolution obtained at 511 keV is measured to be 12.2 degree (FWHM).

Kousuke Oonuki; Takaaki Tanaka; Shin Watanabe; Shin'ichiro Takeda; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Takefumi Mitani; Tadayuki Takahashi; Hiroyasu Tajima; Yasushi Fukazawa; Masaharu Nomachi

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

291

Ion-beam-induced damage formation in CdTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Damage formation in <111>- and <112>-oriented CdTe single crystals irradiated at room temperature and 15 K with 270 keV Ar or 730 keV Sb ions was investigated in situ using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) in channeling configuration. Defect profiles were calculated from the RBS spectra using the computer code DICADA and additional energy-dependent RBS measurements were performed to identify the type of defects. At both temperatures no formation of a buried amorphous layer was detected even after prolonged irradiation with several 10{sup 16} ions/cm{sup 2}. The fact that CdTe is not rendered amorphous even at 15 K suggests that the high resistance to amorphization is caused by the high ionicity of CdTe rather than thermal effects. The calculated defect profiles show the formation of a broad defect distribution that extends much deeper into the crystal than the projected range of the implanted ions at both temperatures. The post-range defects in CdTe thus do not seem to be of thermal origin either, but are instead believed to result from migration driven by the electronic energy loss.

Rischau, C. W.; Schnohr, C. S.; Wendler, E.; Wesch, W. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

TheerbInsTITuTeSectionname The Erb Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation & Policy 17 Green Markets 20 Entrepreneurship 24 Corporate Sustainability & Public Policy 27 [ ]Year in Review 2012 #12;ii TheerbInsTITuTeSectionname Social Enterprise 4 Local Impact 7 Energy 10 Education 31 Climate Change & Communication 34 The Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise Erb Inst

Edwards, Paul N.

293

P. W. Guilbert, A. C. Fabian and Susan Stepney. Electron-ion coupling in rapidly varying sources. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 199:19P-21P, 1982.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. W. Guilbert, A. C. Fabian and Susan Stepney. Electron-ion coupling in rapidly varying sources- temperature, high-efficiency sources. 2. The efficiency limit and electron-ion coupling The maximum luminosity is the minimum value of te, the time-scale on which most photons can escape from the source. Ignoring electron

Stepney, Susan

294

Carrier dynamics and activation energy of CdTe quantum dots in a Cd{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}Te quantum well  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the optical properties of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) in a Cd{sub 0.3}Zn{sub 0.7}Te quantum well (QW) grown on GaAs (100) substrates. Carrier dynamics of CdTe/ZnTe QDs and quantum dots-in-a-well (DWELL) structure is studied using time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) measurements, which show the longer exciton lifetime of the DWELL structure. The activation energy of the electrons confined in the DWELL structure, as obtained from the temperature-dependent PL spectra, was also higher than that of electrons confined in the CdTe/ZnTe QDs. This behavior is attributed to the better capture of carriers into QDs within the surrounding QW.

Han, W. I.; Lee, J. H.; Yu, J. S.; Choi, J. C. [Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Wonju 220-710 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, H. S. [Advanced Photonics Research Institute, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

295

Exploring Resonance Levels and Nanostructuring in the PbTe?CdTe System and Enhancement of the Thermoelectric Figure of Merit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explored the effect of Cd substitution on the thermoelectric properties of PbTe in an effort to test a theoretical hypothesis that Cd atoms on Pb sites of the rock salt lattice can increase the Seebeck coefficient via the formation of a resonance level in the density of states near the Fermi energy. We find that the solubility of Cd is less than previously reported, and CdTe precipitation occurs to create nanostructuring, which strongly suppresses the lattice thermal conductivity. We present detailed characterization including structural and spectroscopic data, transmission electron microscopy, and thermoelectric transport properties of samples of PbTe?x% CdTe?0.055% PbI{sub 2} (x = 1, 3, 5, 7, 10), PbTe?1% CdTe?y% PbI{sub 2} (y = 0.03, 0.045, 0.055, 0.08, 0.1, 0.2), PbTe?5% CdTe?y% PbI{sub 2} (y = 0.01, 0.03, 0.055, 0.08), and PbTe?1% CdTe?z% Sb (z = 0.3, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). All samples follow the Pisarenko relationship, and no enhancement of the Seebeck coefficient was observed that could be attributed to a resonance level or a distortion in the density of states. A maximum ZT of 1.2 at 720 K was achieved for the PbTe?1% CdTe?0.055% PbI{sub 2} sample arising from a high power factor of 17 ?W/(cm K{sup 2}) and a very low lattice thermal conductivity of 0.5 W/(m K) at 720 K.

Ahn, Kyunghan; Han, Mi-Kyung; He, Jiaqing; Androulakis, John; Ballikaya, Sedat; Uher, Ctirad; Dravid, Vinayak; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

On the Energy Spectra of GeV/TeV Cosmic Ray Leptons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent observations of cosmic ray electrons from several instruments have revealed various degrees of deviation in the measured electron energy distribution from a simple power-law, in a form of an excess around 0.1 to 1 TeV energies. An even more prominent deviation and excess has been observed in the fraction of cosmic ray positrons around 10 and 100 GeV energies. These observations have received considerable attention and many theoretical models have been proposed to explain them. The models rely on either dark matter annihilation/decay or specific nearby astrophysical sources, and involve several additional assumptions regarding the dark matter distribution or particle acceleration. In this paper we show that the observed excesses in the electron spectrum may be easily reproduced without invoking any unusual sources other than the general diffuse Galactic components of cosmic rays. The model presented here assumes a power-law injection of electrons (and protons) by supernova remnants, and evaluates their expected energy spectrum based on a simple kinetic equation describing the propagation of charged particles in the interstellar medium. The primary physical effect involved is the Klein-Nishina suppression of the electron cooling rate around TeV energies. With a very reasonable choice of the model parameters characterizing the local interstellar medium, we can reproduce the most recent observations by Fermi and HESS experiments. Interestingly, in our model the injection spectral index of cosmic ray electrons becomes comparable to, or even equal to that of cosmic ray protons. The Klein-Nishina effect may also affect the propagation of the secondary e{sup {+-}} pairs, and therefore modify the cosmic ray positron-to-electron ratio. We have explored this possibility by considering two mechanisms for production of e{sup {+-}} pairs within the Galaxy. The first is due to the decay of {pi}{sup {+-}}'s produced by interaction of cosmic ray nuclei with ambient protons. The second source discussed here is due to the annihilation of the diffuse Galactic {gamma}-rays on the stellar photon field. We find that high positron fraction increasing with energy, as claimed by the PAMELA experiment, cannot be explained in our model with the conservative set of the model parameters. We are able, however, to reproduce the PAMELA (as well as Fermi and HESS) results assuming high values of the starlight and interstellar gas densities, which would be more appropriate for vicinities of supernova remnants. A possible solution to this problem may be that cosmic rays undergo most of their interactions near their sources due to the efficient trapping in the far upstream of supernova shocks by self-generated, cosmic ray-driven turbulence.

Stawarz, Lukasz; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Jagiellonian U., Astron. Observ.; Petrosian, Vahe; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Blandford, Roger D.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

297

TA-MAC: Task Aware MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-constrained device. This is because the main mission of wireless sensor nodes is to gather some information source is idle listening, i.e., listening to receive possible traffic while the node is idle state. Idle listening becomes more worse in WSNs, where there exist a number of nodes that are not involved in data

298

.:tiure Cited ., ^,"t*'{A.. "A Studv of the Interactions of Limestone in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an estimate of -230 r.netric tons from air pollution fallout originating in the Chicago?1 - - - ;' ,;il, p \\\\'-,-flidrocarbon Extractiongf-.rd Mine Drain- - :'iis'ii,L" in Chemical Engtteer concentration of lead and the histor-v-of local lead pollution sources(3). High surficial concentrationsof lead

Short, Daniel

299

Capital Sources and Providers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The most important elements of a clean energy lending program are the capital source and the capital provider. The capital source provides the funding to pay for clean energy projects, and the capital provider manages those funding sources. For example, a bank might use its customers' deposits as a capital source, but as the capital provider, the bank manages the investment of that capital.

300

A Possible Link Between the Galactic Center HESS Source and Sgr A*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, HESS and other air Cerenkov telescopes have detected a source of TeV gamma-rays coincident with the Galactic center. It is not yet clear whether the gamma-rays are produced via leptonic or hadronic processes, so it is important to consider possible acceleration sites for the charged particles which produce the gamma-rays. One exciting possibility for the origin of these particles is the central black hole, Sgr A*, where the turbulent magnetic fields close to the event horizon can accelerate protons to TeV energies. Using a realistic model of the density distribution in a 6 pc x 6 pc x 6pc cube at the Galactic center, we here calculate the trajectories followed by these TeV protons as they gyrate through the turbulent medium surrounding Sgr A*. Diffusing out from the black hole, the protons produce TeV gamma-rays via pi^0 decay following a collision with a proton in the surrounding medium. After following over 222,000 such trajectories, we find that the circumnuclear ring around Sgr A* can reproduce the observed 0.1-100 TeV HESS spectrum and flux if the protons are injected into this medium with an effective power-law index of 0.75, significantly harder than the observed photon index of 2.25. The total energy in the steady-state 1-40 TeV proton population surrounding Sgr A* is inferred to be approx 5x10^{45} ergs. Only 31% of the emitted 1-100 TeV protons encounter the circumnuclear torus, leaving a large flux of protons that diffuse outward to contribute to the Galactic ridge emission observed by HESS on scales of >~ 1 degree.

D. R. Ballantyne; Fulvio Melia; Siming Liu; Roland M. Crocker

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electrical, optical, and thermal properties of Sn-doped phase change material Ge2Sb2Te5  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, effect of Sn on the electrical, optical, and thermal properties of Ge2Sb2Te5 is studied. Ge2Sb2Te5, Ge1.55Sb2Te5Sn0.45, and Ge1.1Sb2Te5Sn0.9...alloys are prepared by melt quenching technique and ...

Gurinder Singh; Aman Kaura; Monika Mukul; S. K. Tripathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

High efficiency photodetectors fabricated by electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly of CdTe quantum dots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High efficiency photodetectors fabricated by electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly of CdTe 20 October 2008 We demonstrate high-performance photodetectors from multilayers of CdTe quantum dots. The synthesis of CdTe QDs in aqueous solution using cadmium perchlorate hydrate and Al2Te3 was previously re

Lin, Lih Y.

303

ROLE OF COPPER IN THE PERFORMANCE OF CdS/CdTe SOLAR CELLS * , D. Albin2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulations to reproduce and explain some of the experimental results. Introduction The performance of CdTe Cucd in CdTe [1,2]. Cu can also migrate along grain boundaries toward the main junction. The standard with a relatively simpler one in which Cu metal of varying thickness is evaporated on Te-rich CdTe surfaces

Sites, James R.

304

1. INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS is one of the most promising solar cell for low  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with CdTe grown by close space sublimation, electrodeposition, spray pyrolysis, vacuum evaporation and RF conversion of CdTe layers, as well as for the intermixing of CdS-CdTe. An optimum annealing condition is required for the formation of an appropriate CdTe1-x-Sx intermixed interface. It is desirable to separately

Romeo, Alessandro

305

GEOMETRIC SOURCE SEPARATION: MERGING CONVOLUTIVE SOURCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adaptive beamforming algorithms by a cross-power criteria, we gain new geometric source separation with convo- lutive blind source separation. We concentrate on cross-power spectral min- imization which is su to ambiguities in the choice of separating lters. There are in theory multiple lters that invert the room

Parra, Lucas C.

306

Simulation studies and spectroscopic measurements of a position sensitive detector based on pixelated CdTe crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation studies and spectroscopic measurements are presented regarding the development of a pixel multilayer CdTe detector under development in the context of the COCAE project. The instrument will be used for the localization and identification of radioactive sources and radioactively contaminated spots. For the localization task the Compton effect is exploited. The detector response under different radiation fields as well as the overall efficiency of the detector has been evaluated. Spectroscopic measurements have been performed to evaluate the energy resolution of the detector. The efficiency of the event reconstruction has been studied in a wide range of initial photon energies by exploiting the detector's angular resolution measure distribution. Furthermore, the ability of the COCAE detector to localize radioactive sources has been investigated.

Karafasoulis, K; Seferlis, S; Kaissas, I; Lambropoulos, C; Loukas, D; Potiriadis, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Simulation studies and spectroscopic measurements of a position sensitive detector based on pixelated CdTe crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation studies and spectroscopic measurements are presented regarding the development of a pixel multilayer CdTe detector under development in the context of the COCAE project. The instrument will be used for the localization and identification of radioactive sources and radioactively contaminated spots. For the localization task the Compton effect is exploited. The detector response under different radiation fields as well as the overall efficiency of the detector has been evaluated. Spectroscopic measurements have been performed to evaluate the energy resolution of the detector. The efficiency of the event reconstruction has been studied in a wide range of initial photon energies by exploiting the detector's angular resolution measure distribution. Furthermore, the ability of the COCAE detector to localize radioactive sources has been investigated.

K. Karafasoulis; K. Zachariadou; S. Seferlis; I. Kaissas; C. Lambropoulos; D. Loukas; C. Potiriadis

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Prepared by Treating CdTe Films with a Freon Gas in Substitution of CdCl2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Prepared by Treating CdTe Films with a Freon Gas delle Scienze, 37/A-43010 Fontanini, Parma, Italy ABSTRACT: CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells have reached in the preparation of high efficiency CdTe/CdS solar cells is the activation treatment of CdTe film. Most research

Romeo, Alessandro

309

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet),  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA, that demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system.

310

Charge transport properties of CdMnTe radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growth, fabrication and characterization of indium-doped cadmium manganese telluride (CdMnTe)radiation detectors have been described. Alpha-particle spectroscopy measurements and time resolved current transient measurements have yielded an average charge collection efficiency approaching 100 %. Spatially resolved charge collection efficiency maps have been produced for a range of detector bias voltages. Inhomogeneities in the charge transport of the CdMnTe crystals have been associated with chains of tellurium inclusions within the detector bulk. Further, it has been shown that the role of tellurium inclusions in degrading chargecollection is reduced with increasing values of bias voltage. The electron transit time was determined from time of flight measurements. From the dependence of drift velocity on applied electric field the electron mobility was found to be n = (718 55) cm2/Vs at room temperature.

Kim K.; Rafiel, R.; Boardman, M.; Reinhard, I.; Sarbutt, A.; Watt, G.; Watt, C.; Uxa, S.; Prokopovich, D.A.; Belas, E.; Bolotnikov, A.E.; James, R.B.

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

Characterization of isothermal vapor phase epitaxial (Hg,Cd)Te  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the characterization of mercury cadmium telluride (Hg 1?x Cd x Te) film grown by the isothermal vapor phase epitaxial method (ISOVPE) and on the surface conversion of bulk Hg 1?xCd x Te to larger bandgap material. The crystal perfection is evaluated using defect etching electron beam and electrolyte electroreflectance (EBER and EER) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS). Hall measurements are used to measure carrier densities and mobilities. Surface concentrations and concentration profiles are measured for the ISOVPE grown layers by transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electron?probe microanalysis (EPMA) to establish quantitative informations about composition control. Metal–insulator?semiconductor (MIS) structures were made and the properties important to device performance such as compositional uniformity storage time and carrier concentration are measured. The ISOVPE layers are compared in quality to films grown by other methods and show promise for MIS devices.

S. B. Lee; L. K. Magel; M. F. S. Tang; D. A. Stevenson; J. H. Tregilgas; M. W. Goodwin; R. L. Strong

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Point Defect Characterization in CdZnTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the defect levels and performance testing of CdZnTe detectors were performed by means of Current Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (I-DLTS), Transient Charge Technique (TCT), Current versus Voltage measurements (I-V), and gamma-ray spectroscopy. CdZnTe crystals were acquired from different commercial vendors and characterized for their point defects. I-DLTS studies included measurements of defect parameters such as energy levels in the band gap, carrier capture cross sections, and defect densities. The induced current due to laser-generated carriers was measured using TCT. The data were used to determine the transport properties of the detectors under study. A good correlation was found between the point defects in the detectors and their performance.

Gul,R.; Li, Z.; Bolotnikov, A.; Keeter, K.; Rodriguez, R.; James, R.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

313

MHK Projects/TE4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TE4 TE4 < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.3247,"lon":1.68765,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

314

RARE B MESON DECAYS T.E. Browder \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supported by the US Department of Energy c fl 2002 by T.E. Browder #12; 1 Introduction, Motivation on the construction of the Standard Model of particle physics. Recall that in a physical picture with only three. As a result, the weak neutral current, J 0 NC , J 0 NC = u¯u + d c ¯ d c + s c ¯ s c (2) = u¯u + d ¯ d cos 2

Browder, Tom

315

Photoluminescence upconversion in colloidal CdTe quantum dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient photoluminescence (PL) up-conversion has been observed in colloidal CdTe quantum dots with an energy gain of as high as 360 meV. Compared with the normal PL, the peak energy of this up-converted PL (UCPL) shows a redshift of about 80 meV, and the corresponding radiative lifetime becomes nearly twice as long. This UCPL is attributed to the carrier recombination involving surface states mainly through a thermal excitation process.

Xiaoyong Wang; W. William Yu; Jiayu Zhang; Jose Aldana; Xiaogang Peng; Min Xiao

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

316

Mr. John E. Kieling, Chief Hazardous Was te Bureau  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

John E. Kieling, Chief John E. Kieling, Chief Hazardous Was te Bureau Depa rtment of Energy Carlsbad Field Office P. O. Box 3090 Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 NOV 0 5 2013 New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East. Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Panel 6 Closure and Final Waste Emplacement Notifications Dear Mr. Kieling : The purpose of this leiter is 1 0 notify th e New Mexico Environment Department (NMEO) that the

317

Application Of The Climafor Baseline To Determine Leakage: TheCase Of Scolel Te.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acceptance of forestry-based project activities tomitigate greenhouse gases emissions has been subjected to a number ofmethodological questions to be answered, of which the most challengingare baseline establishment and identification of and measuring leakage.Here we pose hypotheses for and quantify leakage of the Scolel Te projectin Chiapas, Mexico. In this project small-scale farmers are implementingforestry, agroforestry, and forest conservation activities, with carbonsequestration as one of the goals. The main leakage monitoring domain isdefined as the area owned by the participating farmers or communitiesoutside the area where the specific project activities take place. Thenull-hypothesis (no leakage) is that non-project land owned by the farmeror community will experience the same carbon stock changes as predictedby the regional baseline, specifically developed for the project. Firstwe assessed the most likely causes and sources of leakage that may occurin the project. From this analysis, one type of leakage seems to beimportant, i.e., activity shifting. Second we estimated the leakage of asample of participating farmers and communities. Actual land use was thencompared with expected land use derived from the baseline. The Plan Vivoof each participant, complemented with readily available tools toidentify the main sources and drivers of leakage are used to developsimple leakage assessment procedures, as demonstrated in this paper.Negative leakage was estimated to be negligible in this study.Incorporating these procedures already in the project planning stage willreduce the uncertainties related to the actual carbon mitigationpotential of any forestry project.

De Jong, B.H.J.; Bazan, E. Esquivel; Quechulpa Montalvo, S.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Density functional simulations of phase change materials: disordered phases of Ge8Sb2Te11 and Ag/In/Sb/Te alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E*PCOS2009 Density functional simulations of phase change materials: disordered phases of Ge8Sb2Te75.0Te17.7 (AIST). These represent two families used widely as phase change materials: pseudobinary and more flexible than those of Ag. Key words: Phase change materials, density functional calculations

319

ELUTIONS Inc formerly TeCom | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ELUTIONS Inc formerly TeCom ELUTIONS Inc formerly TeCom Jump to: navigation, search Name ELUTIONS Inc (formerly TeCom) Place Tampa, Florida Zip 33605 Sector Efficiency Product Tampa-based wireless enterprise automation solutions firm. Elutions provides an Active Energy Management service allowing users to increase efficiency by monitoring, forecasting and analyzing utility resource consumption. Coordinates 27.94653°, -82.459269° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.94653,"lon":-82.459269,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

320

A New Limit on the Neutrinoless DBD of 130Te  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the present results of CUORICINO a cryogenic experiment on neutrinoless double beta decay (DBD) of 130Te consisting of an array of 62 crystals of TeO2 with a total active mass of 40.7 kg. The array is framed inside of a dilution refrigerator, heavily shielded against environmental radioactivity and high-energy neutrons, and operated at a temperature of ~8 mK in the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory. Temperature pulses induced by particle interacting in the crystals are recorded and measured by means of Neutron Transmutation Doped thermistors. The gain of each bolometer is stabilized with voltage pulses developed by a high stability pulse generator across heater resistors put in thermal contact with the absorber. The calibration is performed by means of two thoriated wires routinely inserted in the set-up. No evidence for a peak indicating neutrinoless DBD of 130Te is detected and a 90% C.L. lower limit of 1.8E24 years is set for the lifetime of this process. Taking largely into account the uncertainties in the theoretical values of nuclear matrix elements, this implies an upper boud on the effective mass of the electron neutrino ranging from 0.2 to 1.1 eV. This sensitivity is similar to those of the 76Ge experiments.

C. Arnaboldi; D. R. Artusa; F. T. Avignone III; M. Balata; I. Bandac; M. Barucci; J. W. Beeman; C. Brofferio; C. Bucci; S. Capelli; L. Carbone; S. Cebrian; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; A. de Waard; H. A. Farach; E. Fiorini; G. Frossati; E. Guardincerri; A. Giuliani; P. Gorla; E. E. Haller; J. McDonald; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; E. Olivieri; M. Pallavicini; E. Palmieri; E. Pasca; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; L. Risegari; C. Rosenfeld; S. Sangiorgio; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; L. Torres; G. Ventura

2005-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ENERGY COMMISSION APPL.lCATION FOR SOURCE MATERIAL LICENSE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

COMMISSION COMMISSION APPL.lCATION FOR SOURCE MATERIAL LICENSE Pursuant to the rcgu!ations in Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1, Part 40, application is hereby made for a license to receive, possess, use, transfer, deliver or import into the United Stat-, source material for the activity or activities described. 1. (check ooa) 2. NAME OF APPLICANT W. R. GRACE 6 Co. 0 (a) New Iicense 0 (b) Amendment to License No.- Davison Chemical Division STA-422 3. Q (c) Renewal of Licensr No. 0 (d) Previous License No. Pompton Plains, N. J. 4. ST,.TE THE AOORESS(ES) AT WHICH SOURCE MATERIAL WILL BE POSSESSED OR USED 868 Black Oak Ridge Road, Wayne, fi. J. a*ocY s up/'l File IF 5. BUSINESS OR OCCUPATION I 6. (a) IF APPLICANT IS AN INDIVIDUAL. STATE CITIZENSHIP

322

REGISTRATION LIST P PR RE ES SO OL LI IC CI IT TA AT TI IO ON  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REGISTRATION LIST REGISTRATION LIST P PR RE ES SO OL LI IC CI IT TA AT TI IO ON N C CO ON NF FE ER RE EN NC CE E August 9, 2011 Holiday Inn Capitol  550 C Street, SW  Washington, DC 20024 Page 1 of 9 Instructions: (iii) Please indicate (by checking the appropriate box) whether the organization you represent is a large business, small business, or not a business. (iv) Please indicate (by checking the appropriate box) whether your name or the name of your organization may be released on the NNSA website as an attendee of this conference. (v) Please provide an email address if you would like it to be released on the NNSA website. An email address cannot be released if you select neither in column (iv). Name Organization Name Large/Small (iii) Release Attendance? (iv) Email (to release)

323

Electronic and thermal transport in GeTe: A versatile base for thermoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GeTe is a narrow-band gap semiconductor, where Ge vacancies generate free charge carriers, holes, forming a self-dopant degenerate system with p-type conductivity, and serves as a base for high-performance multicomponent thermoelectric materials. There is a significant discrepancy between the electronic and thermal transport data for GeTe-based materials reported in the literature, which obscures the baseline knowledge and prevents a clear understanding of the effect of alloying GeTe with various elements. A comprehensive study including XRD, SEM, EDS, Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, and 125Te NMR of several GeTe samples was conducted. Similar Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are observed for all GeTe samples used showing that the concentration of Ge vacancies generating charge carriers is constant along the ingot. Very short 125Te NMR spin-relaxation time agrees well with high carrier concentration obtained from the Hall effect measurements. Our data show that at ~700 K, GeTe has a very large power factor, 42 ?Wcm-1K-2, much larger than that of any high efficiency thermoelectric telluride at these temperatures. Electronic and thermal properties of GeTe are compared to PbTe, another well-known thermoelectric material, where free charge carriers, holes or electrons, are generated by vacancies on Pb or Te sites, respectively. Discrepancy in the data for GeTe reported in literature can be attributed to the variation in the Ge:Te ratio of solidified samples as well as to different conditions of measurements.

None

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

324

Electronic and thermal transport in GeTe: A versatile base for thermoelectric materials  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

GeTe is a narrow-band gap semiconductor, where Ge vacancies generate free charge carriers, holes, forming a self-dopant degenerate system with p-type conductivity, and serves as a base for high-performance multicomponent thermoelectric materials. There is a significant discrepancy between the electronic and thermal transport data for GeTe-based materials reported in the literature, which obscures the baseline knowledge and prevents a clear understanding of the effect of alloying GeTe with various elements. A comprehensive study including XRD, SEM, EDS, Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, and 125Te NMR of several GeTe samples was conducted. Similar Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity are observed for all GeTe samples used showing that the concentration of Ge vacancies generating charge carriers is constant along the ingot. Very short 125Te NMR spin-relaxation time agrees well with high carrier concentration obtained from the Hall effect measurements. Our data show that at ~700 K, GeTe has a very large power factor, 42 ?Wcm-1K-2, much larger than that of any high efficiency thermoelectric telluride at these temperatures. Electronic and thermal properties of GeTe are compared to PbTe, another well-known thermoelectric material, where free charge carriers, holes or electrons, are generated by vacancies on Pb or Te sites, respectively. Discrepancy in the data for GeTe reported in literature can be attributed to the variation in the Ge:Te ratio of solidified samples as well as to different conditions of measurements.

None

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

Development of ZnTe:Cu Contacts for CdTe Solar Cells: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-320  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main focus of the work at NREL was on the development of Cu-doped ZnTe contacts to CdTe solar cells in the substrate configuration. The work performed under the CRADA utilized the substrate device structure used at NREL previously. All fabrication was performed at NREL. We worked on the development of Cu-doped ZnTe as well as variety of other contacts such as Sb-doped ZnTe, CuxTe, and MoSe2. We were able to optimize the contacts to improve device parameters. The improvement was obtained primarily through increasing the open-circuit voltage, to values as high as 760 mV, leading to device efficiencies of 7%.

Dhere, R.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Selection of Russian Plutonium Beryllium Sources for Inclusion in the Nuclear Mateirals Information Program Archive  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, the former Soviet Union produced and exported Plutonium-Beryllium (PuBe) neutron sources to various Eastern European countries. The Russian sources consist of an intermetallic compound of plutonium and beryllium encapsulated in an inner welded, sealed capsule and consisting of a body and one or more covers. The amount of plutonium in the sources ranges from 0.002 g up to 15 g. A portion of the sources was originally exported to East Germany. A portion of these sources were acquired by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in the late 1990s for destruction in the Offsite Source Recovery Program. When the OSRP was canceled, the remaining 88 PuBe neutron sources were packaged and stored in a 55-gal drum at T A-55. This storage configuration is no longer acceptable for PuBe sources, and the sources must either be repackaged or disposed of. Repackaging would place the sources into Hagan container, and depending on the dose rates, some sources may be packaged individually increasing the footprint and cost of storage. In addition, each source will be subject to leak-checking every six months. Leaks have already been detected in some of the sources, and due to the age of these sources, it is likely that additional leaks may be detected over time, which will increase the overall complexity of handling and storage. Therefore, it was decided that the sources would be disposed of at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) due to the cost and labor associated with continued storage at TA-55. However, the plutonium in the sources is of Russian origin and needs to be preserved for research purposes. Therefore, it is important that a representative sample of the sources retained and archived for future studies. This report describes the criteria used to obtain a representative sample of the sources. Nine Russian PuBe neutron sources have been selected out of a collection of 77 sources for inclusion in the NMIP archive. Selection criteria were developed so that the largest sources that are representative of the collection are included. One representative source was chosen for every 20 sources in the collection, and effort was made to preserve sources unique to the collection. In total, four representative sources and five unique sources were selected for the archive. The archive samples contain 40 grams of plutonium with an isotopic composition similar to that of weapon grade material and three grams of plutonium with an isotopic composition similar to that of reactor grade plutonium.

Narlesky, Joshua E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Padilla, Dennis D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watts, Joe [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Activation cross sections of $\\alpha$-particle induced nuclear reactions on hafnium and deuteron induced nuclear reaction on tantalum: production of $^{178}$W/$^{178m}$Ta generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the frame of a systematic study of charged particle production routes of medically relevant radionuclei, the excitation function for indirect production of $^{178m}$Ta through $^{nat}$Hf($\\alpha$,xn)$^{178}$W-$^{178m}$Ta nuclear reaction was measured for the first time up to 40 MeV. In parallel, the side reactions $^{nat}$Hf($\\alpha$,x)$^{179,177,176,175}$W, $^{183,182,178g,177,176,175}$Ta, $^{179m,177m,175}$Hf were also assessed. Stacked foil irradiation technique and $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry were used. New experimental cross section data for the $^{nat}$Ta(d,xn)$^{178}$W reaction are also reported up to 40 MeV. The measured excitation functions are compared with the results of the ALICE-IPPE, and EMPIRE nuclear reaction model codes and with the TALYS 1.4 based data in the TENDL-2013 library. The thick target yields were deduced and compared with yields of other charged particle ((p,4n), (d,5n) and ($^3$He,x)) production routes for $^{178}$W.

Tárk'anyi, F; Ditrói, F; Hermanne, A; Ignatyuk, A V; Uddin, M S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA Kelly, TH Kunz. In Press. Partly cloudy with a chance of migration, MS Bowlin, PB Chilson, RH Diehl, RW Fléron, P Hartl, R Kays, JF Kelly, WD Robinson, M Wikelski. 2011

Kelly, Jeff

329

First-Principles Study of Back Contact Effects on CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forming a chemically stable low-resistance back contact for CdTe thin-film solar cells is critically important to the cell performance. This paper reports theoretical study of the effects of the back-contact material, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, on the performance of the CdTe solar cells. First-principles calculations show that Sb impurities in p-type CdTe are donors and can diffuse with low diffusion barrier. There properties are clearly detrimental to the solar-cell performance. The Sb segregation into the grain boundaries may be required to explain the good efficiencies for the CdTe solar cells with Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} back contacts.

Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Multi-TeV flaring from blazars: Markarian 421 a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TeV blazar Markarian 421 underwent multi-TeV flaring during April 2004 and simultaneously observed in x-ray and TeV energies. It was observed that the TeV outbursts had no counterparts in the lower energies, which implies that this might be an orphan flare. In the context of hadronic model, we have shown that this multi-TeV flaring can be produced due to the interaction of Fermi-accelerated protons of energy $\\lesssim 168$ TeV with the background photons in the low energy tail of the synchrotron self-Compton spectrum of the blazar jet. We fit very well the flaring spectrum with this model. Based on this study, we speculate that Mrk 501 and PG 1553+113 are possible candidates for orphan flaring in the future.

Sahu, Sarira; Rajpoot, Subhash

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Effect of Structural Vacancies on the Thermoelectric Properties of (Cu2Te)1-x(Ga2Te3)x  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the effects of structural vacancies on the thermoelectric properties of the ternary compounds (Cu2Te)1-x(Ga2Te3)x (x = 0.5, 0.55, 0.571, 0.6, 0.625, 0.667 and 0.75), which are solid solutions found in the pseudo-binary phase diagram for Cu2Te and Ga2Te3. This system possesses tunable structural vacancy concentrations. The x= 0.5 phase, CuGaTe2, is nominally devoid of structural vacancies, while the rest of the compounds contain varying amounts of these features, and the volume density of vacancies increases with Ga2Te3 content. The sample with x = 0.5, 0.55, 0.571, 0.6, 0.625 crystallize in the chalcopyrite structure while the x = 0.667 and 0.75 adopt the Ga2Te3 defect zinc blende structure. Strong scattering of heat carrying phonons by structural defects, leads to the reduction of thermal conductivity, which is beneficial to the thermoelectric performance of materials. On the other hand, these defects also scatter charge carriers and reduce the electrical conductivity. All the samples investigated are p-type semiconductors as inferred by the signs of their respective Hall (RH) and Seebeck (S) coefficients. The structural vacancies were found to scatter phonons strongly, while a combination of increased carrier concentration, and vacancies decreases the Hall mobility ( H), degrading the overall thermoelectric performance. The room temperature H drops from 90 cm2/V s for CuGaTe2 to 13 cm2/V s in Cu9Ga11Te21 and 4.6 cm2/V s in CuGa3Te5. The low temperature thermal conductivity decreases significantly with higher Ga2Te3 concentrations (higher vacancy concentration) due to increased point defect scattering which dominate thermal resistance terms. At high temperatures, the dependence of thermal conductivity on the Ga2Te3 content is less significant. The presence of strong Umklapp scattering leads to low thermal conductivity at high temperatures for all samples investigated. The highest ZT among the samples in this study was found for the defect-free CuGaTe2 with ZT ~ 1.0 at 840K.

Ye, Zuxin [GM Research and Development Center; Cho, Jung Y [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Tessema, Misle [GM Research and Development Center; Salvador, James R. [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Waldo, Richard [GM R& D and Planning, Warren, Michigan; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Cai, Wei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

DETERMINATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DEEP LEVELS IN p-CdTe(Cl)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photons de 122 keV (57Co) et de 5 keV pour des photons de 59 keV (241Am). Abstract. 2014 CdTe single doped CdTe single crystals grown from tellurium solvent have a good resolution for gamma-rays, when. The investigation of the energy levels system of charged centres in CdTe, as well as in other II-VI compounds

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

333

ELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF SEMI-INSULATING CRYSTALS CdTe : Cl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

239 ELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF SEMI-INSULATING CRYSTALS CdTe : Cl E. N. ARKADYEVA and O. A. MATVEEV A Des mesures d'effet Hall et de conductivité sont effectuées sur des cristaux de CdTe, dopé au chlore and conductivity measurement are carried out on chlorine doped semi- insulating CdTe crystals, of p and n electric

Boyer, Edmond

334

Voltage Dependent Carrier Collection in CdTe Solar Cells D.L. Btzner1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voltage Dependent Carrier Collection in CdTe Solar Cells D.L. Bätzner1 , Guido Agostinelli2 , A to 1000nm, i.e. the band edge region of CdTe. Region I is further divided in a `blue' part between 300 nm III is as well subdivided in region IIIa from about 800 nm to the band gap of CdTe (~850 nm

Romeo, Alessandro

335

CdTe OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS (*) D. L. SPEARS and A. J. STRAUSS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

401 CdTe OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS (*) D. L. SPEARS and A. J. STRAUSS Lincoln Laboratory guides d'ondes opto-acoustiques et opto-électriques ont été réalisés dans des guides d'ondes n-/n+ CdTe-électriques de faible tension ont été réalisés en appliquant des électrodes en or sur des plaquettes n+ de CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

ELECTROABSORPTION BY IMPURITIES AND DEFECTS IN SEMI-INSULATING CdTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

263 ELECTROABSORPTION BY IMPURITIES AND DEFECTS IN SEMI-INSULATING CdTe G. NEU, Y. MARFAING, R des défauts dans CdTe compensé non dopé et dopé au chlore de 1,2 à 1,6 eV. Trois groupes de symétrie. Abstract. 2014 Electroabsorption experiments have been conducted on semi-insulating CdTe prepared

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite: Aqueous synthesis and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were synthesized in aqueous solution by a seed-mediated growth approach. The effect of refluxing time and the concentration of Cu{sup 2+} on the preparation of these samples were measured using UV-visible absorption and photoluminescence analysis. The emission peak of the synthesized nanocomposites (CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2}) was shifted from 605 (CdTe seed) to 621 nm. The size of CdTe nanoparticles were averaged about 3.22 nm, and the CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were averaged as 5.19 nm. The synthesized CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite were characterized with XRD, EDAX, TEM, FT-IR, EPR, and thermal analysis (TG/DTG curves). The results indicate that as-prepared nanoparticles with core/shell structure exhibit interesting optical properties. -- Graphical Abstract: Schematic of aqueous synthesis route for CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposite and The Stokes shift of CdTe nanocrystals and CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} Nanocomposites, (CdTe: emission at 605 nm, CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2}: emission at 621 nm). Display Omitted Highlights: {yields} CdTe-Cu(OH){sub 2} nanocomposites were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth approach. {yields} The synthetic procedure is simple, and can be easily scaled up. {yields} The effect of refluxing time on the preparation of these samples was measured. {yields} The Cu(OH){sub 2} shell thickness was controlled by the amount of Cu in the solution. {yields} TEM images demonstrated homogeneous size distribution for these nanocomposites.

Abd El-sadek, M.S., E-mail: el_sadek_99@yahoo.co [Nanomaterial Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena 83523 (Egypt); Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025 (India); Moorthy Babu, S. [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University Chennai, Chennai 600025 (India)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

DISSERTATION Role of the Cu-O Defect in CdTe Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF THE CU-O DEFECT COMPLEX IN CDTE SOLAR CELLS Thin-film CdTe is one of the leading materials used the defects present in thin-film CdTe deposited for solar cells. One key defect seen in the thin-film CdDISSERTATION Role of the Cu-O Defect in CdTe Solar Cells Submitted by Caroline R. Corwine

Sites, James R.

339

Ion Sources - Cyclotron  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sources Sources The 88-Inch Cyclotron is fed by three Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) high-charge-state ion sources, the ECR, the AECR, and VENUS, currently the most powerful ECR ion source in the world. Built to answer the demand for intense heavy ion beams, these high performance ion sources enable the 88-Inch Cyclotron to accelerate beams of ions from hydrogen to uranium. The ECR ion sources allow the efficient use of rare isotopes of stable elements, either from natural or enriched sources. A variety of metallic ion beams are routinely produced in our low temperature oven (up to 600°C) and our high temperature oven (up to 2100°C). Furthermore, the ability to produce "cocktails" (mixtures of beams) for the Berkeley Accelerator Space Effects (BASE) Facility adds tremendously to the flexibility of the 88-Inch Cyclotron.

340

Electrical properties of PbTe single crystals with excess tellurium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of excess (up to 0.1 at %) Te atoms and heat treatment at 473 and 573 K for 120 h on the conductivity {sigma}, thermopower {alpha}, and Hall coefficient R of PbTe single crystals are studied. It is shown that excess Te atoms and annealing strongly affect the values and character of the temperature dependences of these parameters and the signs of {alpha} and R at low temperatures, which is caused by the acceptor effect of these atoms and the formation of antisite defects due to localization of Te in vacancies of the lead sublattice upon annealing.

Bagiyeva, G. Z., E-mail: bagieva-gjulandam@rambler.ru; Mustafayev, N. B.; Abdinova, G. Dj.; Abdinov, D. Sh. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Abdullaev Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Characterization and Analysis of CIGS and CdTE Solar Cells: December 2004 - July 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work reported here embodies a device-physics approach based on careful measurement and interpretation of data from CIGS and CdTe solar cells.

Sites, J. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Review of Photovoltaic Energy Production Using CdTe Thin-Film Modules: Extended Abstract Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe has near-optimum bandgap, excellent deposition traits, and leads other technologies in commercial PV module production volume. Better understanding materials properties will accelerate deployment.

Gessert, T. A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Fabrication of ultra thin CdS/CdTe solar cells by magnetron sputtering.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? CdTe is a nearly perfect absorber material for second generation polycrystalline solar cells because the bandgap closely matches the peak of the solar spectrum,… (more)

Plotnikov, Victor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Construção e caracterização de célula solar tipo barreira Schottky CdTe/Al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this work the techniques of hot wall epitaxy (HWE) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on thin films of CdTe (cadmium telluride) were used in… (more)

Denis Rafael de Oliveira Pereira

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

E-Print Network 3.0 - arond te dual-axis Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Michigan University Collection: Mathematics 62 BunchTiming Measurement in the Muon Cooling Experiment Summary: Bunch-Timing Measurement in the Muon Cooling Experiment Via TE...

346

Prospects for identifying the sources of the Galactic cosmic rays with IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We quantitatively address whether IceCube, a kilometer-scale neutrino detector under construction at the South Pole, can observe neutrinos pointing back at the accelerators of the Galactic cosmic rays. The photon flux from candidate sources identified by the Milagro detector in a survey of the TeV sky is consistent with the flux expected from a typical cosmic-ray generating supernova remnant interacting with the interstellar medium. We show here that IceCube can provide incontrovertible evidence of cosmic-ray acceleration in these sources by detecting neutrinos. We find that the signal is optimally identified by specializing to events with energies above 30?TeV where the atmospheric neutrino background is low. We conclude that evidence for a correlation between the Milagro and IceCube sky maps should be conclusive after several years.

Francis Halzen; Alexander Kappes; Aongus Ó Murchadha

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

347

~~~~: Gmt Lakes Cat-bar) ALTERNaTE I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~~~: Gmt Lakes Cat-bar) ~~~: Gmt Lakes Cat-bar) ALTERNaTE I --------------------------------------- NAME: 333 Iv. Mkhi qr) Aw. thka o ~~~---~~~--~~~_-----__ C I TV : 8 Morim 'Love 82 10 bhh &Q Ir -+----------- STATE- fL I - ------ l OWNER(S) -__----_ past: Current: I --------------------____ Owner contacted q yes p no; _____--_____-____------~~~l if yes, data contacted -_--------__- TYPE OF OPERATION ---_------------- 0 Research & Development q Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis Facility Type p Manufacturing I ! fJ University 0 Research Organization ! 0 Government Sponsored F+ci li ty 0 Other ----~~-~~~----~------ 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CUNTRKT ----~---~__----_ / w Prime

348

Simple shear processing of bulk BI?TE? alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diagram of the ECAE process. 26 FIGURE Page 14. Optical photomicrograph of p-type Biz Te& alloy grains before extrusion. . . . . 29 15. Optical photomicrograph of n-type Bi&Tet alloy grains before extrusion . . . . . 30 16. Schematic of ECAE tool... route C at 0. 3 in/min and 500'C 26. Optical photomicrograph of p-type BisTes alloy grains, after two passes 41 via route C at 0. 01 in/min and 500'C 42 FIGURE 27. Optical photomicrograph of p-type Biz Teq alloy grains, after four passes via route...

Im, Jae-taek

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

349

TeV Astrophysics Constraints on Planck Scale Lorentz Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze observational constraints from TeV astrophysics on Lorentz violating nonlinear dispersion for photons and electrons without assuming any a priori equality between the photon and electron parameters. The constraints arise from thresholds for vacuum Cerenkov radiation, photon decay and photo-production of electron-positron pairs. We show that the parameter plane for cubic momentum terms in the dispersion relations is constrained to an order unity region in Planck units. We find that the threshold configuration can occur with an asymmetric distribution of momentum for pair creation, and with a hard photon for vacuum Cerenkov radiation.

Ted Jacobson; Stefano Liberati; David Mattingly

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

350

Electromagnetic leptogenesis at the TeV scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct an explicit model implementing electromagnetic leptogenesis. In a simple extension of the Standard Model, a discrete symmetry forbids the usual decays of the right-handed neutrinos, while allowing for an effective coupling between the left-handed and right-handed neutrinos through the electromagnetic dipole moment. This generates correct leptogenesis with resonant enhancement and also the required neutrino mass via a TeV scale seesaw mechanism. The model is consistent with low energy phenomenology and would have distinct signals in the next generation colliders, and, perhaps even the LHC.

Debajyoti Choudhury; Namit Mahajan; Sudhanwa Patra; Utpal Sarkar

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

351

Spallation Neutron Source, SNS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spallation Neutron Source Spallation Neutron Source Providing the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world... Accumulator Ring Commissioning Latest Step for Spallation Neutron Source The Spallation Neutron Source, located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has passed another milestone on the way to completion this year--the commissioning of the proton accumulator ring. Brookhaven led the design and construction of the accumulator ring, which will allow an order of magnitude more beam power than any other facility in the world. The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is an accelerator-based neutron source being built in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, by the U.S. Department of Energy. The figure on the right shows a schematic of the accumulator ring and transport beam lines that are being designed and built by Brookhaven

352

Sources and Electrodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new kind of particle theory is being explored, one that is intermediate in concept between the extremes of S matrix and field theory. It employs the methods of neither approach. There are no operators, and there is no appeal to analyticity in momentum space. It is a phenomenological theory, and cognizant that measurements are operations in space and time. Particles are defined realistically by reference to their creation or annihilation in suitable collisions. The source is introduced as an abstraction of the role played by all the other particles involved in such acts. Through the use of sources the production and detection of particles, as well as their interaction, are incorporated into the theoretical description. There is a creative principle that replaces the devices of other formulations. It is an insistence upon the generality of the space-time description of the coupling among sources that is inferred from a specific spatio-temporal arrangement, in which various particles propagate between sources. Standard quantum-mechanical and relativistic requirements, imposed on the source description of noninteracting particles, imply the existence of the two statistics and the connection with spin. In this situation sources are only required to emit and absorb the mass of the corresponding particle. Particle dynamics is introduced by an extension of the source concept. It is considered meaningful for a source to emit several particles with the same total quantum numbers as a single particle, if sufficient mass is available. This is most familiar as the photon radiation that accompanies the emission of charged particles. The new types of sources introduced in this way imply new couplings among sources, which supply still further varieties of sources. This proliferation of interactions spans the full dynamical content of the initial primitive interaction. The ambition of the phenomenological source theory is to represent all dynamical aspects of particles, within a certain context, by a suitable primitive interaction. This paper is devoted to the reconstruction of electrodynamics.

Julian Schwinger

1967-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

353

Effect of shells on photoluminescence of aqueous CdTe quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Size-tunable CdTe coated with several shells using an aqueous solution synthesis. CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots exhibited high PL efficiency up to 80% which implies the promising applications for biomedical labeling. - Highlights: • CdTe quantum dots were fabricated using an aqueous synthesis. • CdS, ZnS, and CdS/ZnS shells were subsequently deposited on CdTe cores. • Outer ZnS shells provide an efficient confinement of electron and hole inside the QDs. • Inside CdS shells can reduce the strain on the QDs. • Aqueous CdTe/CdS/ZnS QDs exhibited high stability and photoluminescence efficiency of 80%. - Abstract: CdTe cores with various sizes were fabricated in aqueous solutions. Inorganic shells including CdS, ZnS, and CdS/ZnS were subsequently deposited on the cores through a similar aqueous procedure to investigate the effect of shells on the photoluminescence properties of the cores. In the case of CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots, the outer ZnS shell provides an efficient confinement of electron and hole wavefunctions inside the quantum dots, while the middle CdS shell sandwiched between the CdTe core and ZnS shell can be introduced to obviously reduce the strain on the quantum dots because the lattice parameters of CdS is situated at the intermediate-level between those of CdTe and ZnS. In comparison with CdTe/ZnS core–shell quantum dots, the as-prepared water-soluble CdTe/CdS/ZnS quantum dots in our case can exhibit high photochemical stability and photoluminescence efficiency up to 80% in an aqueous solution, which implies the promising applications in the field of biomedical labeling.

Yuan, Zhimin; Yang, Ping, E-mail: mse_yangp@ujn.edu.cn

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Publications | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

research at the APS. It is the official source for listing APS-related journal articles, conference proceedings and papers, dissertations, books, book chapters, technical reports,...

355

Photo-nuclear astrophysics in NewSUBARU {gamma}-ray source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laser Compton scattering (LCS){gamma}-ray source has been installed at an electron storage ring NewSUBARU at SPring-8. We have studied the nuclear physics using this LCS g-ray source. The half-lives of unstable isotopes, {sup 184}Re and {sup 164}Ho{sup m}, produced by photo-induced reactions have been measured. These half-lives are shorter than previous recommended values by 7% and 3%, respectively. These changes of the half-lives affects to evaluation of cross-sections using the activation method. We have discussed a problem of the residual ratio of an isomer in {sup 180}Ta in supernova explosions. The unstable ground state and the metastable isomer are linked by ({gamma}, {gamma}') reactions. We have developed a new time-dependent model to calculate the isomer ratio in supernovae. The solar abundance of {sup 180}Ta is reproduced by the supernova neutrino process with the present calculated isomer ratio.

Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

Advanced CdTe Photovoltaic Technology: September 2007 - March 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last eighteen months, Abound Solar (formerly AVA Solar) has enjoyed significant success under the SAI program. During this time, a fully automated manufacturing line has been developed, fabricated and commissioned in Longmont, Colorado. The facility is fully integrated, converting glass and semiconductor materials into complete modules beneath its roof. At capacity, a glass panel will enter the factory every 10 seconds and emerge as a completed module two hours later. This facility is currently undergoing trials in preparation for large volume production of 120 x 60 cm thin film CdTe modules. Preceding the development of the large volume manufacturing capability, Abound Solar demonstrated long duration processing with excellent materials utilization for the manufacture of high efficiency 42 cm square modules. Abound Solar prototype modules have been measured with over 9% aperture area efficiency by NREL. Abound Solar demonstrated the ability to produce modules at industry leading low costs to NREL representatives. Costing models show manufacturing costs below $1/Watt and capital equipment costs below $1.50 per watt of annual manufacturing capacity. Under this SAI program, Abound Solar supported a significant research and development program at Colorado State University. The CSU team continues to make progress on device and materials analysis. Modeling for increased device performance and the effects of processing conditions on properties of CdTe PV were investigated.

Barth, K.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Electrolyte electroreflectance study of laser annealing effects on the CdTe/Hg0.8Cd0.2Te (111) system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the effects of laser annealing on the CdTe/Hg0.8Cd0.2Te?(111) system by measuring the electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) spectra from both the CdTe layer as well as the interface region. The sample was a Hg0.8Cd0.2Te?(111) single crystal with a 500?Å?thick polycrystallineCdTefilmdeposited on it; a section of the interface was annealed using the neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser 1.06??m line. Our observations indicate the presence of strain due to lattice mismatch at the interface; laser annealing relieves this strain. In addition the annealing also causes the diffusion of Hg ions from the interfacial region into the passivant layer. The changes in the line shapes of the EER spectra also show an improvement in the crystalline quality of the passivant layer.

P. M. Amirtharaj; Fred H. Pollak; J. R. Waterman; P. R. Boyd

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Stochastic conversions of TeV photons into axion-like particles in extragalactic magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Very-high energy photons emitted by distant cosmic sources are absorbed on the extragalactic background light (EBL) during their propagation. This effect can be characterized in terms of a photon transfer function at Earth. The presence of extragalactic magnetic fields could also induce conversions between very high-energy photons and hypothetical axion-like particles (ALPs). The turbulent structure of the extragalactic magnetic fields would produce a stochastic behaviour in these conversions, leading to a statistical distribution of the photon transfer functions for the different realizations of the random magnetic fields. To characterize this effect, we derive new equations to calculate the mean and the variance of this distribution. We find that, in presence of ALP conversions, the photon transfer functions on different lines of sight could have relevant deviations with respect to the mean value, producing both an enhancement or a suppression in the observable photon flux with respect to the expectations with only absorption. As a consequence, the most striking signature of the mixing with ALPs would be a reconstructed EBL density from TeV photon observations which appears to vary over different directions of the sky: consistent with standard expectations in some regions, but inconsistent in others.

Mirizzi, Alessandro [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner Heisenberg Institut), Föhringer Ring 6, 80805 München (Germany); Montanino, Daniele, E-mail: amirizzi@mppmu.mpg.de, E-mail: daniele.montanino@le.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università del Salento and Sezione INFN di Lecce, Via Arnesano, I–73100 Lecce (Italy)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Proposal of the Method for Energy Measurements of Muons over 10 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......energy determination method of high energy muons, which is based upon an observation...TeV. The uncertainty of the muon energy to be measured can be reduced if...the Editor paratus when a high energy muon in TeV region traverses through......

Tomonori Wada; Takashi Kitamura

1969-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Photocurrent Mapping of 3D CdSe/CdTe Windowless Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photocurrent Mapping of 3D CdSe/CdTe Windowless Solar Cells ... back contact; CdSe; CdTe; photovoltaic; 3D solar cells; SPCM ... Scanning photocurrent microscopy (SPCM) has been used to evaluate the local performance of solar cells by scanning a finely focused optical beam across the surface while monitoring device response. ...

Carlos M. Hangarter; Ratan Debnath; Jong Y. Ha; Mehmet A. Sahiner; Christopher J. Reehil; William A. Manners; Daniel Josell

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Unravelling the atomic structure of AgInSbTe phase change materials: Theoretical perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E*PCOS2011 Unravelling the atomic structure of AgInSbTe phase change materials: Theoretical-GST. Key words: phase change materials, Ag/In/Sb/Te alloys, density functional, molecular dynamics 1. INTRODUCTION Phase change (PC) materials are chalcogenide alloys that switch very rapidly between the amorphous

362

Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OG 2.3.07 Search for Short Duration Bursts of TeV Gamma Rays with the Milagrito Telescope Gus for short duration bursts of TeV photons. Such bursts may result from "traditional" gamma-ray bursts to gamma-ray bursts, the final stages of black hole evaporation) the most compelling reason may

California at Santa Cruz, University of

363

Unusual Otto excitation dynamics and enhanced coupling of light to TE plasmons in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unusual Otto excitation dynamics and enhanced coupling of light to TE plasmons in graphene Daniel R are a unique and unusual aspect of graphene's plasmonic response that are predicted to manifest when the sign plasmons in graphene. We show that TE plasmons supported by graphene in an Otto configuration unusually

Park, Namkyoo

364

Development of Nanostructures in Thermoelectric Pb-Te-Sb Alloys , L. A. Collins2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the figure of merit of thermoelectric materials. Fabrication of nanostructured thermoelectric materials via the discovery of materials with a high thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, defined as S2 T/, where immiscible thermoelectric materials: PbTe-Sb2Te3. This ternary system was selected for investigation because

365

Radiation Source Replacement Workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Epitaxial growth of CdTe thin film on cube-textured Ni by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe thin film has been grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on Ni(100) substrate. Using x-ray pole figure measurements we observed the epitaxial relationship of {111}CdTe// {001}Ni with [110]CdTe//[010]Ni and [112] CdTe//[100]Ni. The 12 diffraction peaks in the (111) pole figure of CdTe film and their relative positions with respect to the four peak positions in the (111) pole figure of Ni substrate are consistent with four equivalent orientational domains of CdTe with three to four superlattice match of about 0.7% in the [110] direction of CdTe and the [010] direction of Ni. The electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) images show that the CdTe domains are 30 degrees orientated from each other.

GIARE, C [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); RAO, S [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); RILEY, M [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); CHEN, L [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Goyal, Amit [ORNL; BHAT, I [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); LU, T [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); WANG, G [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

ZnO/Sn:In2O3 and ZnO/CdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . ZnOSn:In2O3 and ZnOCdTe band offsets for extremely thin absorber photovoltaics . Abstract: Band...

368

source | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 17, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into marketed renewable energy, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electric power. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Commercial Electric Power Industrial Renewable Energy Consumption Residential sector source transportation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Consumption by Sector and Source- Reference Case (xls, 105 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment

369

Neutron sources and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Band gap of CdTe and Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The band gap E{sub g} of the CdTe and Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te crystals and its temperature dependence are determined by optical methods. This is motivated by considerable contradictoriness of the published data, which hampers the interpretation and calculation of characteristics of detectors of X-ray and {gamma} radiation based on these materials (E{sub g} = 1.39-1.54 and 1.51-1.6 eV for CdTe and Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te, respectively). The used procedure of determination of E{sub g} is analyzed from the viewpoint of the influence of the factors leading to inaccuracies in determination of its value. The measurements are performed for well-purified high-quality samples. The acquired data for CdTe (E{sub g} = 1.47-1.48 eV) and Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te (E{sub g} = 1.52-1.53 eV) at room temperature substantially narrow the range of accurate determination of E{sub g}.

Kosyachenko, L. A., E-mail: lakos@chv.ukrpact.net; Sklyarchuk, V. M.; Sklyarchuk, O. V.; Maslyanchuk, O. L. [Chernovtsy National University (Ukraine)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Phase formation and phase transformations in Bi-Te films with nanoscale thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The processes of phase formation are studied in a binary Bi-Te system using the kinematic electron diffraction technique. It is established that, in the case of both simultaneous and layer-by-layer deposition of bismuth and tellurium and irrespective of the order of their deposition, phases with compositions Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and BiTe are formed at the condensation plane in the amorphous and crystalline state, respectively. The amorphous Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} phase is stable at room temperature and crystallizes at a temperature of 423 K. It is shown that ordering of the phase BiTe is not a consequence of atomic order of the structure; rather, it is caused by the real structure of the object (by blocks)

Akhmedov, K. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: axmedovqurban@rambler.ru

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe thin films grown on bi-layer graphene were demonstrated by using the close-spaced sublimation method, where CdTe was selectively grown on the graphene. The density of the CdTe domains was increased with increasing the number of the defective sites in the graphene, which was controlled by the duration of UV exposure. The CdTe growth rate on the bi-layer graphene electrodes was 400?nm/min with a bandgap energy of 1.45–1.49?eV. Scanning electron microscopy, micro-Raman spectroscopy, micro-photoluminescence, and X-ray diffraction technique were used to confirm the high quality of the CdTe thin films grown on the graphene electrodes.

Jung, Younghun; Yang, Gwangseok; Kim, Jihyun, E-mail: hyunhyun7@korea.ac.kr [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Chun, Seungju; Kim, Donghwan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

373

Cd-rich and Te-rich low-temperature photoluminescence in cadmium telluride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-temperature photoluminescence emission spectra were measured in cadmium telluride (CdTe) samples in which composition was varied to promote either Cd or Te-rich stoichiometry. The ability to monitor stoichiometry is important, since it has been shown to impact carrier recombination. Te-rich samples show transitions corresponding to acceptor-bound excitons (?1.58?eV) and free-electron to acceptor transitions (?1.547?eV). In addition to acceptor-bound excitons, Cd-rich samples show transitions assigned to donor-bound excitons (1.591?eV) and Te vacancies at 1.552?eV. Photoluminescence is a noninvasive way to monitor stoichiometric shifts induced by post-deposition anneals in polycrystalline CdTe thin films deposited by close-spaced sublimation.

Albin, D. S., E-mail: david.albin@nrel.gov; Kuciauskas, D.; Ma, J.; Metzger, W. K.; Burst, J. M.; Moutinho, H. R.; Dippo, P. C. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

374

V-183: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Bugs Let Remote Users Deny 3: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Remote Adjacent Authenticated Users Gain Root Shell Access V-183: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service and Remote Adjacent Authenticated Users Gain Root Shell Access June 21, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Three vulnerabilities were reported in Cisco TelePresence TC and TE PLATFORM: The following product models are affected by the vulnerabilities: Cisco TelePresence MX Series Cisco TelePresence System EX Series Cisco TelePresence Integrator C Series Cisco TelePresence Profiles Series running Cisco TelePresence Quick Set Series Cisco IP Video Phone E20 ABSTRACT: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Software contain two vulnerabilities in the implementation of the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) that could allow an

375

Page 6 T H E E N V I R O N M E N TA L F O R U M Managing Water Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as structural solutions, more emphasis on demand-side as well as supply-side management techniques, and a growPage 6 T H E E N V I R O N M E N TA L F O R U M Managing Water Demand: Price vs. Non-price demand management tech- niques." These would include actions such as requiring low-flow fixtures

Shapiro, Benjamin

376

Observation of a Magnetic Modulation of the Lattice Electric-Field Gradient of Fe2+ Substituted in 1T-TaS2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An unusual temperature dependence of the quadrupole splitting of Fe2+ in 1T-Fe0.1Ta0.9S2 can be understood in terms of a magnetic modulation of the lattice electric-field gradient. This modulation is produced by a strictive interaction between the local lattice environment and the continuous low-spin-high-spin transition of Fe2+. The onset of the charge-density-wave instability can also be observed.

M. Eibschütz and M. E. Lines

1977-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

377

CdTe Feedstock Development and Validation: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-00280  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this work was to evaluate different CdTe feedstock formulations (feedstock provided by Redlen) to determine if they would significantly improve CdTe performance with ancillary benefits associated with whether changes in feedstock would affect CdTe cell processing and possibly reliability of cells. Feedstock also included attempts to intentionally dope the CdTe with pre-selected elements.

Albin, D.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Investigation of Junction Properties of CdS/CdTe Solar Cells and their Correlation to Device Properties (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Junction Studies are: (1) understand the nature of the junction in the CdTe/CdS device; (2) correlate the device fabrication parameters to the junction formation; and (3) develop a self consistent device model to explain the device properties. Detailed analysis of CdS/CdTe and SnO{sub 2}/CdTe devices prepared using CSS CdTe is discussed.

Dhere, R. G.; Zhang, Y.; Romero, M. J.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M.; To, B.; Noufi, R.; Gessert, T. A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

HIGH EFFICIENCY CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH A NOVEL BACK-CONTACT Nicola Romeoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGH EFFICIENCY CdTe/CdS THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS WITH A NOVEL BACK-CONTACT Nicola Romeoa , Alessio in the fabrication of high efficiency CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells. Usually, it is done first by etching the Cd: Back Contact, CdTe, Thin Film 1 INTRODUCTION The back contact in the CdTe/CdS thin film solar cell

Romeo, Alessandro

380

Superconductivity in amorphous T5T9 transition-metal alloys (T5=Nb,Ta; T9=Rh,Ir)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superconducting transition temperature Tc has been measured for amorphous T5T9 alloys (where T5=Nb or Ta , T9=Rb or Ir ) as a function of composition. Nb and Ta dominated the Tc behavior with Tc for Nb alloys ? 4.8-5.1 K and Tc for Ta alloys ? 3.1-3.3 K. Changing the average group number by varying the T5T9 ratio had little effect on Tc within the ? 10 at.% range of composition in which the amorphous alloys form. Tc decreased approximately linearly with x for (Nb1-xTax)55Rh45 and (Nb1-xTax)55Ir45. The electrical resistivity ?n and the upper critical field Bc2 were measured as functions of temperature. The Sommerfeld constant ? was calculated from ?n and dBc2dT|Tc using the Ginzburg-Landau-Abrikosov-Gor'kov theory. The Debye temperature ?D was calculated from measurements of Young's modulus. The above parameters allowed calculations to be made of N(EF), the density of electronic states at the Fermi level, and ?, the electron-phonon coupling constant. It was found that ? more accurately reflected the Tc behavior than did N(EF) and that both electronic and phonon contributions had to be considered in the determination of ?.

C. C. Koch; D. M. Kroeger; J. O. Scarbrough; B. C. Giessen

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

OPTIMIZATION OF GRADED BAND GAP CdHgTe SOLAR CELLS A. BOUAZZI (*), Y. MARFAING and J. MIMILA-ARROYO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limited to 6 % in Cu2Te/CdTe junctions [4, 5], 7.9 % in CdS/CdTe heterojunctions and 6 % in homojunc with uniform doping followed by a base region with uni- form gap and doping. Our goal is to find the optimum

Boyer, Edmond

382

PHONONS-DEFECTS INTERACTIONS IN CdTe J. L. TISSOT, P. L. VUILLERMOZ and A. LAUGIER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

267 PHONONS-DEFECTS INTERACTIONS IN CdTe J. L. TISSOT, P. L. VUILLERMOZ and A. LAUGIER Laboratoire Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France Résumé. 2014 Les défauts électriquement inactifs dans CdTe ont of electrically inactive defects has been performed on CdTe single crystals by two different experimental

Boyer, Edmond

383

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films and contactless electroreflectance CER spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate, at energies below the band gap of CdTe. The simultaneous observation of OF in the reflectance (R) spectrum having the same period

Ghosh, Sandip

384

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 205305 (2011) Spin-phonon coupling in single Mn-doped CdTe quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 205305 (2011) Spin-phonon coupling in single Mn-doped CdTe quantum dot C. L dynamics of a single Mn atom in a laser driven CdTe quantum dot is addressed theoretically. Recent of single Mn-doped CdTe dots, information about the quantum spin state of a single Mn atom is extracted from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

385

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying electron-phonon coupling in CdTe12xSex nanocrystals via coherent phonon manipulation B to manipulate coherent phonon excitation and quantify the strength of electron-phonon coupling in CdTe1Ã?xSex nanocrystals (NCs). Raman active CdSe and CdTe longitudinal optical phonon (LO) modes are excited and probed

Xu, Xianfan

386

Effect of Shunts on Thin-Film CdTe Module Performance. Galymzhan T. Koishiyev, James R. Sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Shunts on Thin-Film CdTe Module Performance. Galymzhan T. Koishiyev, James R. Sites circuit model is used to analyze the impact of shunts on basic performance parameters of a CdTe thin with each other in their effect on the module. To address these questions, a 2-D circuit model of a CdTe

Sites, James R.

387

CdTe EPITAXIAL FILMS AND THEIR PROPERTIES S. N. MAXIMOVSKY, I. P. REVOCATOVA, V. M. SALMAN,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

161 CdTe EPITAXIAL FILMS AND THEIR PROPERTIES S. N. MAXIMOVSKY, I. P. REVOCATOVA, V. M. SALMAN, M CdTe films of p and n type conductivity with a given devia- tion of film composition from PHYSIQUE APPLIQUÃ?E TOME 12, FÃ?VRIER 1977, PAGE 161 The design of reliable CdTe nuclear radiation counters

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Post-Synthesis Crystallinity Tailoring of Water-Soluble Polymer Encapsulated CdTe Nanoparticles using Rapid Thermal Annealing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-Synthesis Crystallinity Tailoring of Water-Soluble Polymer Encapsulated CdTe Nanoparticles The crystallinity of colloidal CdTe nanoparticles has been enhanced post synthesis. This control over CdTe NPs have been demonstrated suitable for use in applications involving efficient solar cells

389

A SMALL PORTABLE DETECTOR HEAD USING MIS-CONTACTED CdTe FOR X-RAY SPECTROMETRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

339 A SMALL PORTABLE DETECTOR HEAD USING MIS-CONTACTED CdTe FOR X-RAY SPECTROMETRY P. EICHINGER for semiconductor radiation detectors is discussed. A versatile head consisting of a 2 mm thick, 10 mm diameter CdTe and its applica- tion to CdTe and CdS has already been published [2, 3], but because of the many

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Substrate effect on CdTe layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase N. V. Sochinskiia),b)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substrate effect on CdTe layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy N. V. Sochinskiia for publication 30 December 1996 CdTe layers were grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy MOVPE on different substrates like sapphire, GaAs, and CdTe wafers. The growth was carried out at the temperature 340 °C

Viña, Luis

391

Photoluminescence Studies on Cu and O Defects in Crystalline and Thin-film CdTe Caroline R. Corwine,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoluminescence Studies on Cu and O Defects in Crystalline and Thin-film CdTe Caroline R. Corwine Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401 ABSTRACT Polycrystalline thin-film CdTe is one of the leading materials used various process steps alter defect states in the CdTe layer. Low-temperature photoluminescence (PL

Sites, James R.

392

CARRIER TRANSPORT AND TRAPPING PROCESS IN HIGH-RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A MODIFIED THM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

189 CARRIER TRANSPORT AND TRAPPING PROCESS IN HIGH-RESISTIVITY CdTe GROWN BY A MODIFIED THM T, PAGE 189 1. Introduction. - Recent results of studies on carrier transport in high-purity CdTe crystals current measure- ments. This paper discusses trapping and detrapping effects in high-resistivity CdTe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

393

Micron-Resolution Photocurrent of CdTe Solar Cells Using Multiple Wavelengths Jason F. Hiltner1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micron-Resolution Photocurrent of CdTe Solar Cells Using Multiple Wavelengths Jason F. Hiltner1 variations in the quantum efficiency near the CdTe band gap, which track intermixing of Cd wavelengths with energies near and slightly below the CdTe band gap (1.5 eV) to be used. Temperature tuning

Sites, James R.

394

Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics Charge transport and mobility mapping in CdTe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paul Sellin, Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics Charge transport and mobility mapping in CdTe, JAP 92 (2002) 3198-3206 Introduction Motivation for this Work: r THM-grown CdTe supplied by Eurorad signal response? r Pulse shape analysis can identify regions of trapping or reduced mobility r Does CdTe

Sellin, Paul

395

Tunable terahertz radiation source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terahertz radiation source and method of producing terahertz radiation, said source comprising a junction stack, said junction stack comprising a crystalline material comprising a plurality of self-synchronized intrinsic Josephson junctions; an electrically conductive material in contact with two opposing sides of said crystalline material; and a substrate layer disposed upon at least a portion of both the crystalline material and the electrically-conductive material, wherein the crystalline material has a c-axis which is parallel to the substrate layer, and wherein the source emits at least 1 mW of power.

Boulaevskii, Lev; Feldmann, David M; Jia, Quanxi; Koshelev, Alexei; Moody, Nathan A

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

396

Ultracold Electron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a technique for producing electron bunches that has the potential for advancing the state-of-the-art in brightness of pulsed electron sources by orders of magnitude. In addition, this method leads to femtosecond bunch lengths without the use of ultrafast lasers or magnetic compression. The electron source we propose is an ultracold plasma with electron temperatures down to 10 K, which can be fashioned from a cloud of laser-cooled atoms by photoionization just above threshold. Here we present results of simulations in a realistic setting, showing that an ultracold plasma has an enormous potential as a bright electron source.

B. J. Claessens; S. B. van der Geer; G. Taban; E. J. D. Vredenbregt; O. J. Luiten

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

Particles and Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proposed that the phenomenological theory of particles be based on the source concept, which is abstracted from the physical possibility of creating or annihilating any particle in a suitable collision. The source representation displays both the momentum and the space-time characteristics of particle behavior. Topics discussed include: spin and statistics, charge and the Euclidean postulate, massless particles, and SU3 and spin. It is emphasized that the source description is logically independent of hypotheses concerning the fundamental nature of particles.

Julian Schwinger

1966-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

398

Polarisation measurements with a CdTe pixel array detector for Laue hard X-ray focusing telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polarimetry is an area of high energy astrophysics which is still relatively unexplored, even though it is recognized that this type of measurement could drastically increase our knowledge of the physics and geometry of high energy sources. For this reason, in the context of the design of a Gamma-Ray Imager based on new hard-X and soft gamma ray focusing optics for the next ESA Cosmic Vision call for proposals (Cosmic Vision 2015-2025), it is important that this capability should be implemented in the principal on-board instrumentation. For the particular case of wide band-pass Laue optics we propose a focal plane based on a thick pixelated CdTe detector operating with high efficiency between 60-600 keV. The high segmentation of this type of detector (1-2 mm pixel size) and the good energy resolution (a few keV FWHM at 500 keV) will allow high sensitivity polarisation measurements (a few % for a 10 mCrab source in 106s) to be performed. We have evaluated the modulation Q factors and minimum detectable polarisation through the use of Monte Carlo simulations (based on the GEANT 4 toolkit) for on and off-axis sources with power law emission spectra using the point spread function of a Laue lens in a feasible configuration.

Ezio Caroli; Rui M. Curado da Silva; Alessandro Pisa; John B. Stephen; Filippo Frontera; Matilde T. D. Castanheira; Stefano del Sordo

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

399

ATLAS SUSY search prospects at 10 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM) is one of the most important goals for the general purpose detector ATLAS at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Already with early LHC data, the ATLAS experiment should be sensitive to discover physics beyond the Standard Model. This paper summarizes the prospects of the ATLAS experiment to find experimental evidence for Supersymmetry (SUSY) and Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) in channels with jets, leptons and missing transverse energy for an integrated luminosity of L = 200pb-1 at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt s = 10 TeV. Only a selection of the results is presented focussing on the the discovery reach for inclusive searches.

Janet Dietrich

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

400

National Synchrotron Light Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Assessment Environmental Assessment Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York This Environmental Assessment addresses the proposed action by the U.S. Department of Energy to upgrade the facilities of the National Synchrotron Light Source Complex, namely the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), the Accelerator Test Facility and the Source Development Laboratory. The environmental effects of a No-Action Alternative as well as a Proposed Action are evaluated in the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment Fact Sheet” link below leads to a one-page summary of the Environmental Assessment. The “NSLS Environmental Assessment” link below leads to the whole 41-page

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

311 of P.L. 112-74 and as continued in P.L. 113-6 in excess of 1,000,000. This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

402

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

budget authority that is not fully funded under P.L. 113-76 Section 301(c). This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

403

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviole

None

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

404

ION SOURCES FOR CYCLOTRONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These utilize lasers, plasma focus, sparks, and ex­ plodingextractor voltage A plasma focus device has been used byf n a s Fig. 22: The plasma focus high charge state source

Clark, D.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electron Beam Ion Sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron beam ion sources (EBISs) are ion sources that work based on the principle of electron impact ionization, allowing the production of very highly charged ions. The ions produced can be extracted as a DC ion beam as well as ion pulses of different time structures. In comparison to most of the other known ion sources, EBISs feature ion beams with very good beam emittances and a low energy spread. Furthermore, EBISs are excellent sources of photons (X-rays, ultraviolet, extreme ultraviolet, visible light) from highly charged ions. This chapter gives an overview of EBIS physics, the principle of operation, and the known technical solutions. Using examples, the performance of EBISs as well as their applications in various fields of basic research, technology and medicine are discussed.

Zschornacka, G; Thorn, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Spallation Neutron Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

D/gim D/gim Spallation Neutron Source SNS is an accelerator-based neutron source. This one-of-a-kind facility pro- vides the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world. When ramped up to its full beam power of 1.4 MW, SNS will be eight times more powerful than today's best facility. It will give researchers more detailed snapshots of the smallest samples of physical and biological materials than ever before

407

Magnetron sputtering source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetron sputtering source for sputtering coating substrates includes a high thermal conductivity electrically insulating ceramic and magnetically attached sputter target which can eliminate vacuum sealing and direct fluid cooling of the cathode assembly. The magnetron sputtering source design results in greater compactness, improved operating characteristics, greater versatility, and low fabrication cost. The design easily retrofits most sputtering apparatuses and provides for safe, easy, and cost effective target replacement, installation, and removal.

Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, WA); McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Grabner, R. Fred (Brentwood, CA); Ramsey, Philip B. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Field emission electron source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel field emitter material, field emission electron source, and commercially feasible fabrication method is described. The inventive field emission electron source produces reliable electron currents of up to 400 mA/cm.sup.2 at 200 volts. The emitter is robust and the current it produces is not sensitive to variability of vacuum or the distance between the emitter tip and the cathode. The novel emitter has a sharp turn-on near 100 volts.

Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

National Synchrotron Light Source  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), hosted by Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources, Stephen Dierker. The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, medicine, geophysics, environmental, and materials sciences.

BNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

16 - Alternative energy sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter describes alternative energy sources. The substantial potential of the world's alternative energy sources are still comparatively little exploited, even in countries with limited conventional energy resources. Although this interest was heightened during the mid-1970s because of the oil price shock, most of the technologies are still at an early stage of development. While much research and development work has been undertaken by governments and industry throughout the world, the technical transfer process is comparatively slow. There are a number of abstracting services available in both the United States and the United Kingdom devoted wholly or in part to alternative energy sources. The most useful of the general abstract journals are the Renewable Energy Bulletin, Energy Review, and Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis. The principal source of information for all aspects of alternative energy sources is the Energy Data Base, established in 1974 b the U.S. Department of Energy, which is the online version of Energy Research Abstracts. There are very few good comprehensive books covering all the alternative energy sources, perhaps understandably given the scope of the subject.

Alan Heyes

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Prospects for Electroweakino Discovery at a 100 TeV Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the prospects of discovering split Supersymmetry at a future 100 TeV proton-proton collider through the direct production of electroweakino next-to-lightest-supersymmetric-particles (NLSPs). We focus on signatures with multi-lepton and missing energy: $3\\ell$, opposite-sign dileptons and same-sign dileptons. We perform a comprehensive study of different electroweakino spectra. A 100 TeV collider with 3000/fb data is expected to exclude Higgsino thermal dark matter candidates with $m_{\\rm{LSP}}\\sim 1 $ TeV if Wino NLSPs are lighter than about 3.2 TeV. The $3\\ell$ search usually offers the highest mass reach, which varies in the range of (2-4) TeV depending on scenarios. In particular, scenarios with light Higgsinos have generically simplified parameter dependences. We also demonstrate that, at a 100 TeV collider, lepton collimation becomes a crucial issue for NLSPs heavier than about 2.5 TeV. We finally compare our results with the discovery prospects of gluino pair productions and deduce which ...

Gori, Stefania; Wang, Lian-Tao; Wells, James D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Prospects for Electroweakino Discovery at a 100 TeV Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the prospects of discovering split Supersymmetry at a future 100 TeV proton-proton collider through the direct production of electroweakino next-to-lightest-supersymmetric-particles (NLSPs). We focus on signatures with multi-lepton and missing energy: $3\\ell$, opposite-sign dileptons and same-sign dileptons. We perform a comprehensive study of different electroweakino spectra. A 100 TeV collider with 3000/fb data is expected to exclude Higgsino thermal dark matter candidates with $m_{\\rm{LSP}}\\sim 1 $ TeV if Wino NLSPs are lighter than about 3.2 TeV. The $3\\ell$ search usually offers the highest mass reach, which varies in the range of (2-4) TeV depending on scenarios. In particular, scenarios with light Higgsinos have generically simplified parameter dependences. We also demonstrate that, at a 100 TeV collider, lepton collimation becomes a crucial issue for NLSPs heavier than about 2.5 TeV. We finally compare our results with the discovery prospects of gluino pair productions and deduce which SUSY breaking model can be discovered first by electroweakino searches.

Stefania Gori; Sunghoon Jung; Lian-Tao Wang; James D. Wells

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Studies on optoelectronic properties of DC reactive magnetron sputtered CdTe thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cadmium telluride continues to be a leading candidate for the development of cost effective photovoltaics for terrestrial applications. In the present work two individual metallic targets of Cd and Te were used for the deposition of CdTe thin films on mica substrates from room temperature to 300 °C by DC reactive magnetron sputtering method. XRD patterns of CdTe thin films deposited on mica substrates exhibit peaks at 2? = 27.7°, 46.1° and 54.6°, which corresponds to reflection on (1 1 1), (2 2 0) and (3 1 1) planes of CdTe cubic structure. The intensities of XRD patterns increases with the increase of substrate temperature upto 150 °C and then it decreases at higher substrate temperatures. The conductivity of CdTe thin films measured from four probe method increases with the increase of substrate temperature. The activation energies (?E) are found to be decrease with the increase of substrate temperature. The optical transmittance spectra of CdTe thin films deposited on mica have a clear interference pattern in the longer wavelength region. The films have good transparency (T > 85 %) exhibiting interference pattern in the spectral region between 1200 – 2500 nm. The optical band gap of CdTe thin films are found to be in the range of 1.48 – 1.57. The refractive index, n decreases with the increase of wavelength, ?. The value of n and k increases with the increase of substrate temperature.

Kumar, B. Rajesh, E-mail: rajphyind@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati - 517 502, A.P, India and Department of Physics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur - 515 003, A.P (India); Hymavathi, B.; Rao, T. Subba [Department of Physics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur - 515 003, A.P (India)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

414

Pion Transverse Momentum Spectrum, Elliptic Flow and Interferometry in the Granular Source Model in Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We systematically investigate the pion transverse momentum spectrum, elliptic flow, and Hanbury-Brown-Twiss (HBT) interferometry in the granular source model of quark-gluon plasma droplets in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The granular source model can well reproduce the experimental results of the Au-Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 200 GeV and the Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 2.76 TeV with different centralities. We examine the parameters of the granular source models with an uniform and Woods-Saxon initial energy distributions in a droplet. The parameters exhibit certain regularities for collision centrality and energy.

Yang, Jing; Zhang, Wei-Ning

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Simulation of relaxation times and energy spectra of the CdTe/Hg{sub 1-x}Cd{sub x}Te/CdTe quantum well for variable valence band offset, well width, and composition x  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependences of relaxation times and energy spectrum of the CdTe/Hg{sub 1-x}Cd{sub x}Te/CdTe quantum well (QW) on its parameters were simulated in the cadmium molar fraction range 0 < x < 0.16. It was found that the x increase from 0 to 0.16 changes electron wave function localization in the QW. A criterion for determining the number of interface levels of localized electrons depending on QW parameters was obtained. The effect of a sharp (by two orders of magnitude) increase in the relaxation time of localized electrons was detected at small QW widths and x close to 0.16.

Melezhik, E. O., E-mail: emelezhik@gmail.com; Gumenjuk-Sichevska, J. V.; Sizov, F. F. [National Academy of Sciences, Lashkariev Institute of Semiconductor Physics (Ukraine)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Beam current enhancement of microwave plasma ion source utilizing double-port rectangular cavity resonator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microwave plasma ion source with rectangular cavity resonator has been examined to improve ion beam current by changing wave launcher type from single-port to double-port. The cavity resonators with double-port and single-port wave launchers are designed to get resonance effect at TE-103 mode and TE-102 mode, respectively. In order to confirm that the cavities are acting as resonator, the microwave power for breakdown is measured and compared with the E-field strength estimated from the HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator) simulation. Langmuir probe measurements show that double-port cavity enhances central density of plasma ion source by modifying non-uniform plasma density profile of the single-port cavity. Correspondingly, beam current from the plasma ion source utilizing the double-port resonator is measured to be higher than that utilizing single-port resonator. Moreover, the enhancement in plasma density and ion beam current utilizing the double-port resonator is more pronounced as higher microwave power applied to the plasma ion source. Therefore, the rectangular cavity resonator utilizing the double-port is expected to enhance the performance of plasma ion source in terms of ion beam extraction.

Lee, Yuna; Park, Yeong-Shin; Jo, Jong-Gab; Yang, J. J.; Hwang, Y. S. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Effect of low energy ion irradiation on CdTe crystals: Luminescence enhancement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we show that low energy ion sputtering is a very efficient technique as a cleaning process for CdTe substrates. We demonstrate, by using several techniques like grazing-angle x-ray diffraction, cathodoluminescence, microluminescence, and micro-Raman spectroscopy that the luminescent properties of CdTe substrates can be very much increased when CdTe surfaces are irradiated with low energy Argon ions. We postulate that this enhancement is mainly due to the removal of surface damage induced by the cutting and polishing processes. The formation of a low density of nonluminescent aggregates after the sputtering process has also been observed.

Olvera, J.; Plaza, J. L.; Dios, S. de; Dieguez, E. [Departamento de Fisica de Materiales, Laboratorio de Crecimiento de Cristales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Martinez, O.; Avella, M. [Departamento Fisica Materia Condensada, GdS-Optronlab Group, Universidad de Valladolid, Edificio I-D, Paseo de Belen 1, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Chapter 1.19: Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Thin Film: CdTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chapter reviews the history, development, and present processes used to fabricate thin-film, CdTe-based photovoltaic (PV) devices. It is intended for readers who are generally familiar with the operation and material aspects of PV devices but desire a deeper understanding of the process sequences used in CdTe PV technology. The discussion identifies why certain processes may have commercial production advantages and how the various process steps can interact with each other to affect device performance and reliability. The chapter concludes with a discussion of considerations of large-area CdTe PV deployment including issues related to material availability and energy-payback time.

Gessert, T. A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Search for Neutral Heavy Leptons in the NuTeV Experiment at Fermilab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preliminary results from a search for neutral heavy leptons in the NuTeV experiment at Fermilab. The upgraded NuTeV neutrino detector for the 1996-1997 run included an instrumented decay region for the NHL search which, combined with the NuTeV calorimeter, allows detection in several decay modes (mu-mu-nu, mu-e-nu, mu-pi, e-pi, and e-e-nu). We see no evidence for neutral heavy leptons in our current search in the mass range from 0.3 GeV to 2.0 GeV decaying into final states containing a muon.

NuTeV Collaboration; R. B. Drucker

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

420

Pulsed ion beam source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved pulsed ion beam source is disclosed having a new biasing circuit for the fast magnetic field. This circuit provides for an initial negative bias for the field created by the fast coils in the ion beam source which pre-ionize the gas in the source, ionize the gas and deliver the gas to the proper position in the accelerating gap between the anode and cathode assemblies in the ion beam source. The initial negative bias improves the interaction between the location of the nulls in the composite magnetic field in the ion beam source and the position of the gas for pre-ionization and ionization into the plasma as well as final positioning of the plasma in the accelerating gap. Improvements to the construction of the flux excluders in the anode assembly are also accomplished by fabricating them as layered structures with a high melting point, low conductivity material on the outsides with a high conductivity material in the center. 12 figs.

Greenly, J.B.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Photon Source Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Source Parameters Photon Source Parameters Photon Source Parameters Print Summary Graph of Brightness Curves for All Insertion Devices Insertion Device and Bend Magnet Parameters Bend Magnet Superbend Magnet U30 Undulator U50 Undulator U80 Undulator U100 Undulator W114 Wiggler The ALS has six elliptically polarizing undulators, two in straight 4, two in straight 11, and one each in straights 6 and 7. All are arranged with chicanes so that two such devices can be installed to feed two independent beamlines. They can be used in a variety of polarization modes, including circular, elliptical, horizontal, and vertical. These modes can be chosen by appropriate phasing of the magnet rows. The brightness and flux curves below are shown for horizontal and circular polarization. Curves for elliptical and vertical polarization are similar to the horizontal polarization curve, but the minimum photon energy is higher.

422

Source Emissions and Transport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electron micrograph image, Lara Gundel with instrumentation electron micrograph image, Lara Gundel with instrumentation Source Emissions and Transport Investigators conduct research here to characterize and better understand the sources of airborne volatile, semi-volatile and particulate organic pollutants in the indoor environment. This research includes studies of the physical and chemical processes that govern indoor air pollutant concentrations and exposures. The motivation is to contribute to the reduction of potential human health effects. Contacts Randy Maddalena RLMaddalena@lbl.gov (510) 486-4924 Mark Mendell MJMendell@lbl.gov (510) 486-5762 Links Pollutant Sources, Dynamics and Chemistry Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Electricity Grid Energy Analysis Energy Technologies Environmental Impacts

423

Heat Source Lire,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Source Lire, Source Lire, (liayrICS-25 ) tooling Tulles (Ai 1,06:1) - 11 (31.118 Module Stack Thermoelectric Module:, (14) ltcal L/Mr r a it i lli tisli Block Mounting Interface MMRTG Design Housing (At 2219) Fin (At Go63) Thermal Insulation (Min-K & Microtherm) Space Radioisotope Power Systems Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator January 2008 What is a Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator? Space exploration missions require safe, reliable, long-lived power systems to provide electricity and heat to spacecraft and their science instruments. A uniquely capable source of power is the radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) - essentially a nuclear battery that reliably converts heat into electricity. The Department of Energy and NASA are developing

424

Source Selection Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Source Selection Source Selection Overview This chapter provides guidance to the acquisition team on conducting source selection in accordance with Part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Background The mid 1990's was a time of significant change in many areas of procurement, particularly in the introduction of new tools and processes that help the procurement professional better meet the needs of demanding customers. The passage of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act in 1994 and the Federal Acquisition Reform Act in 1995 , coupled with Government-wide and Department of Energy (DOE) contract reform efforts not only changed traditional procurement processes but also changed the role of the procurement professional. No longer are procurement

425

ISG8-RF Sources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RF Sources - (WG3) RF Sources - (WG3) Orange Rm Yong Ho Chin, Christopher Nantista, and Sami G. Tantawi Parallel Sessions: Working Groups: WG1: Parameters, Design, Instrumentation and Tuning WG2: Damping Rings and ATF WG3: RF Sources WG4:Structures WG5: Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations Monday Morning 9:00-10:30 Plenary Coffee Break 11:00-12:00 Planning Session. Monday Afternoon 13:30-15:30 High Gradient Issues (Joint with working group 4) Coffee Break 16:00-16:30 The 8-Pack Project -- D. Atkinson 16:30-17:30 High Gradient Issues and Discussions Continued. Tuesday Morning 9:30-10:30 Klystrons 9:30-10:00 Status of PPM Klystron Development for JLC -- Y. H. Chin 10:00-10:30 Design of 150MW Multi-Beam Klystron -- S. Matsumoto Coffee Break 11:00-11:30 Klystron Development at SLAC -- G. Caryotakis

426

Sources and Magnetic Charge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A beginning is made on a phenomenological reconstruction of the theory of magnetic charge. The concept is introduced by reference to a new kind of photon source. It is shown that photon exchange between different source types is relativistically invariant. The space-time generalization of this coupling involves an arbitrary vector. The only way to remove a corresponding arbitrariness of physical predictions is to recognize the localization of charge and impose a charge quantization condition. The consideration of particles that carry both kinds of charge loosens the charge restrictions. The great strength of magnetic attraction indicated by g24?=4(137) suggests that ordinary matter is a magnetically neutral composite of magnetically charged particles that carry fractional electric charge. There is a brief discussion of such a magnetic model of strongly interacting particles, which makes contact with empirical classification schemes. Additional remarks on notation, and on the general nature of the source description, are appended.

Julian Schwinger

1968-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

427

Three Dimensional Structure of the MqsR:MqsA Complex: A Novel TA Pair Comprised of a Toxin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was collected at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) X6A beamline, funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, under agreement GM-0080. The NSLS

Wood, Thomas K.

428

Advanced NTR options. [Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced NTR concepts which offer performance improvements over the ROVER/NERVA designs have been investigated. In addition, the deliverable performance of low pressure operation and materials issues have been investigated. Based on current experience, a maximum exit gas temperature of 3200 K is likely achievable with a ZrC based PBR design. At 3200 K a low pressure NTR would have marginal performance advantage (Isp) over a high pressure system. If tantalum or other high melting point carbides are used then an exit gas temperature of 3500 K may be feasible. At 3500 K low pressure operation offers more significant performance improvements which could outweigh associated size and mass penalties.

Davis, J.W.; Mills, J.C.; Glass, J.F.; Tu, W. (Rockwell International/Rocketdyne Division, 6633 Canoga Avenue, MS HB23 Canoga Park, California 81303 (US))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

429

OLED area illumination source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to an area illumination light source comprising a plurality of individual OLED panels. The individual OLED panels are configured in a physically modular fashion. Each OLED panel comprising a plurality of OLED devices. Each OLED panel comprises a first electrode and a second electrode such that the power being supplied to each individual OLED panel may be varied independently. A power supply unit capable of delivering varying levels of voltage simultaneously to the first and second electrodes of each of the individual OLED panels is also provided. The area illumination light source also comprises a mount within which the OLED panels are arrayed.

Foust, Donald Franklin (Scotia, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Nealon, William Francis (Gloversville, NY); Bortscheller, Jacob Charles (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Energy spectrum of cosmic ray muons above 10 TeV according to BUST data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy spectrum of cosmic ray muons in the range of several TeV to ... obtained through the analysis of multiple interactions of muons (the pair meter technique) in the ... are compared with prior BUST data o...

A. G. Bogdanov; R. P. Kokoulin…

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

TeV scale left-right symmetry with spontaneous D-parity breaking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The different scenarios of spontaneous breaking of D parity have been studied in both the nonsupersymmetric and the supersymmetric version of the left-right symmetric models (LRSM). We explore the possibility of a TeV scale SU(2){sub R} breaking scale M{sub R} and hence TeV scale right-handed neutrinos from both minimization of the scalar potential as well as the coupling constant unification point of view. We show that, although minimization of the scalar potential allows the possibility of a TeV scale M{sub R} and tiny neutrino masses in LRSM with spontaneous D-parity breaking, the gauge coupling unification at a high scale {approx}10{sup 16} GeV does not favor a TeV scale symmetry breaking except in the supersymmetric left-right model with Higgs doublet and bidoublet. The phenomenology of neutrino mass is also discussed.

Borah, Debasish [Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai-400076 (India); Patra, Sudhanwa; Sarkar, Utpal [Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad-380009 (India)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Molybdenum Nitride Films in the Back Contact Structure of Flexible Substrate CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??CdTe solar cells in the superstrate configuration have achieved record efficiencies of 16% but those in the substrate configuration have reached efficiencies of only 7.8%.… (more)

Guntur, Vasudha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Optical properties of single ZnTe nanowires grown at low temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optically active gold-catalyzed ZnTe nanowires have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy, on a ZnTe(111) buffer layer, at low temperature (350 °C) under Te rich conditions, and at ultra-low density (from 1 to 5 nanowires per ?m{sup 2}). The crystalline structure is zinc blende as identified by transmission electron microscopy. All nanowires are tapered and the majority of them are <111> oriented. Low temperature micro-photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence experiments have been performed on single nanowires. We observe a narrow emission line with a blue-shift of 2 or 3 meV with respect to the exciton energy in bulk ZnTe. This shift is attributed to the strain induced by a 5 nm-thick oxide layer covering the nanowires, and this assumption is supported by a quantitative estimation of the strain in the nanowires.

Artioli, A.; Stepanov, P.; Den Hertog, M.; Bougerol, C.; Genuist, Y.; Donatini, F.; André, R.; Nogues, G.; Tatarenko, S.; Ferrand, D.; Cibert, J. [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France) [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Inst NEEL, CNRS, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Rueda-Fonseca, P. [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France) [Inst NEEL, Universiy of Grenoble Alpes, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Inst NEEL, CNRS, F-38042 Grenoble (France); INAC, CEA and Université de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Bellet-Amalric, E.; Kheng, K. [INAC, CEA and Université de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)] [INAC, CEA and Université de Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

434

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, TeV Energy Spectra of the Crab Nebula, Mrk 421 and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE TeV Energy Spectra of the Crab Nebula, Mrk 421 and the Cygnus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 i Cosmic Rays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 ii The Search for the Origin with Milagro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 IVThe Milagro Energy Reconstruction Algorithm 73 I

California at Santa Cruz, University of

435

V-183: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Bugs Let Remote Users Deny...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cisco TelePresence Profiles Series running Cisco TelePresence Quick Set Series Cisco IP Video Phone E20 ABSTRACT: Cisco TelePresence TC and TE Software contain two vulnerabilities...

436

Collimation and Radiative Deceleration of Jets in TeV AGNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider some implications of the rapid X-ray and TeV variability observed in M87 and the TeV blazars. We outline a model for jet focusing and demonstrate that modest radiative cooling can lead to recollimation of a relativistic jet in a nozzle having a very small cross-sectional radius. Such a configuration can produce rapid variability at large distances from the central engine and may explain recent observations of the HST-1 knot in M87. Possible applications of this model to TeV blazars are discussed. We also discuss a scenario for the very rapid TeV flares observed with HESS and MAGIC in some blazars, that accommodates the relatively small Doppler factors inferred from radio observations.

Amir Levinson; Omer Bromberg

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

437

p-CdTe/n-CdS photovoltaic cells in the substrate configuration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, p-CdTe/n-CdS solar cells in the substrate configuration have been studied. The focus is on device fabrication, performance optimization, and the development of… (more)

Wu, Hsiang Ning (1984 - )

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Development of high efficieny CdTe thin-film solar cell.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??CdTe films were deposited by sputtering technique and were then carried out by CdCl2 treatment. The SEM micrographs show that the grain sizes of the… (more)

Huang, Yein-rein

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Stability Issues in Sputtered CdS/CdTe Solar Cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Magnetron sputtering is a well-established thin-film deposition technique which is particularly well-suited for sub-micron layers. We use this method to deposit ultra-thin CdS/CdTe layers… (more)

Paudel, Naba Raj

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Studies of sputtered CdTe and CdSe solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??CdTe has recently become the most commercially successful polycrystalline thin filmsolar module material. Its low cost, large-area solar module is reshaping the silicondominatedsolar panel market;… (more)

Kwon, Dohyoung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Development of CdTe thin film solar cells on flexible foil substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cadmium telluride (CdTe) is a leading thin film photovoltaic (PV) material due to its near ideal band gap of 1.45 eV, its high optical absorption… (more)

Hodges, Deidra Ranel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

CdTe/CdS Thin Film Solar Cells Fabricated on Flexible Substrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is a leading thin film photovoltaic (PV) material due to its near ideal bandgap of 1.45 eV and its high optical absorption… (more)

Palekis, Vasilios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Photoluminescence and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Studies on CdTe Material.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The direct-band-gap semiconductor CdTe is an important material for fabricating high efficiency, polycrystalline thin-film solar cells in a heterojunction configuration. The outstanding physical properties of… (more)

Liu, Xiangxin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electron-reflector strategy for CdTe thin-film solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical efficiency. Moreover, large-area photovoltaic panels can be economically fabricated. These features potentially… (more)

Hsiao, Kuo-Jui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Approaches to fabricating high-efficiency ultra-thin CdTe solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is an investigation of the fabrication, characterization and performance of high-efficiency and ultra-thin CdTe solar cells with an aim of reducing the material… (more)

Xia, Wei (1981 - )

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Room temperature ferromagnetism in Co defused CdTe nanocrystalline thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanocrystalline Co defused CdTe thin films were prepared using electron beam evaporation technique by depositing CdTe/Co/CdTe stacked layers with different Co thickness onto glass substrate at 373 K followed by annealing at 573K for 2 hrs. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of of all the Co defused CdTe thin films has been investigated. XRD pattern of all the films exhibited zinc blende structure with <111> preferential orientation without changing the crystal structure of the films. The grain size of the films increased from 31.5 nm to 48.1 nm with the increase of Co layer thickness from 25nm to 100nm. The morphological studies showed that uniform texture of the films and the presence of Co was confirmed by EDAX. Room temperature magnetization curves indicated an improved ferromagnetic behavior in the films with increase of the Co thickness.

Rao, N. Madhusudhana; Kaleemulla, S.; Begam, M. Rigana [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore - 632 014 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

447

Shunt Passivation Process for CdTe Solar Cell - New Post Deposition Technique.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? A cadmium sulfide / cadmium telluride (CdS/CdTe) solar cell consists of thedevice stack: Glass substrate / SnO2:F (TCO, transparent conductive oxide) / CdS (n-type… (more)

Tessema, Misle Mesfin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Effect of Cu doping on Hole Mobility in CdTe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High quality CdTe thin films grown by laser deposition technique and heavily doped with Cu have recently been reported to have resistivity and hole mobility comparable to those of bulk single crystals. To explain the experimental results we have calculated the effect of Cu on the band structure and phonon spectrum of CdTe using the density functional theory (DFT) and the linearized augmented plane wave (LAPW) method. We found that the introduction of a high density of Cu can lead to a reduction in the hole-LO phonon scattering. In addition, Cu doping can remove Cd vacancies in CdTe and thereby enhance the hole mobility in CdTe.

Ma Zhixun; Mao, Samuel S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Liu Lei; Yu, Peter Y. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

449

Efficiency, Cost and Weight Trade-off in TE Power Generation System for Vehicle Exhaust Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It contains a detailed co-optimization of the thermoelectric module with the heat sink and a study of the tradeoff between the material cost and efficiency for the TE module and the heat sink. An optimum design is found.

450

The tin impurity in Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 alloys  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Extends work on tin to p-type thermoelectric alloys of formula Bi(2-x)Sb(x)Te(3) doped with Sn. Both single crystals and polycrystals prepared using powder metallurgical techniques are studied and properties reported.

451

TeC: end-user development of software systems for smart spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents TeC, a framework for end-user design, deployment, and evolution of applications for smart spaces. This work is motivated by the current gap between traditional software development approaches and end user desire to easily personalise and evolve their systems for smart spaces. TeC is precise enough to support the fully automated deployment of systems designed by end users, and it addresses important characteristics of ubiquitous computing, namely, the ability to describe dynamic adaptations and to relate system features to physical location and to the presence and identity of users. TeC is described by example, with four home automation systems concerning surveillance and energy management. The paper also discusses the implementation of the TeC middleware and preliminary evaluation concerning usability and engineering effort.

João P. Sousa; Daniel Keathley; Mong Le; Luan Pham; Daniel Ryan; Sneha Rohira; Samuel Tryon; Sheri Williamson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Combined SIMS, AES and XPS Study of CdxHg1-xTe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ternary compound CdxHg1_xTe is of great importance in infrared technology. The band gap of this material depends critically on the concentration x. Therefore, a detailed knowledge of the surface and bulk comp...

O. Ganschow; H. M. Nitz; L. Wiedmann…

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Aqueous Synthesis of Zinc Blende CdTe/CdS Magic-Core/Thick-Shell...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CdTeCdS Magic-CoreThick-Shell Tetrahedral Shaped Nanocrystals with Emission Tunable to Near-Infrared Authors: Deng, Z., Schulz, O., Lin, S., Ding, B., Liu, X., Wei, X., Ros, R.,...

454

First results on neutrinoless double beta decay of Te-130 with the calorimetric cuoricino experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay” arXiv:hep-on “Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay”- arXiv:hep-Results on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130 Te with the

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Surveying The TeV Sky With Milagro G. P. Walker for the Milagro Collaboration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveying The TeV Sky With Milagro G. P. Walker for the Milagro Collaboration Los Alamos National been reported by the Milagro collaboration [5]. In this analysis, the emission is resolved into regions

California at Santa Cruz, University of

456

Strategic Sourcing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Sourcing Strategic Sourcing Strategic Sourcing Energy Wide Strategic Sourcing (EWSS) DOE leadership has recognized that benefits could be achieved at the federal level through an organized, systematic and collaborative approach to acquiring commonly used goods and services. The DOE strategic sourcing program builds upon historical accomplishments as well as establishes a more cohesive and disciplined program, consistent with OMB's direction, for the conduct of DOE future strategic sourcing efforts. The DOE and NNSA Senior Procurement Executives have created a strategic sourcing capability and organizational components to identify federal strategic sourcing opportunities and coordinate strategic thinking. To date, this program has identified a number of opportunities; particularly in the areas of

457

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sources Energy Sources Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Learn more about energy from solar, wind, water, geothermal and biomass. Read more Nuclear Nuclear Learn more about how we...

458

The Orsay Polarized Electron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A polarized electron source is developed at Orsay to equip existing ... have chosen to adapt the flowing helium afterglow source working at Rice University: it is able...

S. Essabaa; C. G. Aminoff; J. Arianer; I. Brissaud

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of the 2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources (RMUS), which was updated by the Environmental Protection (ENV) Division's Environmental Stewardship (ES) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). ES classifies LANL emission sources into one of four Tiers, based on the potential effective dose equivalent (PEDE) calculated for each point source. Detailed descriptions of these tiers are provided in Section 3. The usage survey is conducted annually; in odd-numbered years the survey addresses all monitored and unmonitored point sources and in even-numbered years it addresses all Tier III and various selected other sources. This graded approach was designed to ensure that the appropriate emphasis is placed on point sources that have higher potential emissions to the environment. For calendar year (CY) 2011, ES has divided the usage survey into two distinct reports, one covering the monitored point sources (to be completed later this year) and this report covering all unmonitored point sources. This usage survey includes the following release points: (1) all unmonitored sources identified in the 2010 usage survey, (2) any new release points identified through the new project review (NPR) process, and (3) other release points as designated by the Rad-NESHAP Team Leader. Data for all unmonitored point sources at LANL is stored in the survey files at ES. LANL uses this survey data to help demonstrate compliance with Clean Air Act radioactive air emissions regulations (40 CFR 61, Subpart H). The remainder of this introduction provides a brief description of the information contained in each section. Section 2 of this report describes the methods that were employed for gathering usage survey data and for calculating usage, emissions, and dose for these point sources. It also references the appropriate ES procedures for further information. Section 3 describes the RMUS and explains how the survey results are organized. The RMUS Interview Form with the attached RMUS Process Form(s) provides the radioactive materials survey data by technical area (TA) and building number. The survey data for each release point includes information such as: exhaust stack identification number, room number, radioactive material source type (i.e., potential source or future potential source of air emissions), radionuclide, usage (in curies) and usage basis, physical state (gas, liquid, particulate, solid, or custom), release fraction (from Appendix D to 40 CFR 61, Subpart H), and process descriptions. In addition, the interview form also calculates emissions (in curies), lists mrem/Ci factors, calculates PEDEs, and states the location of the critical receptor for that release point. [The critical receptor is the maximum exposed off-site member of the public, specific to each individual facility.] Each of these data fields is described in this section. The Tier classification of release points, which was first introduced with the 1999 usage survey, is also described in detail in this section. Section 4 includes a brief discussion of the dose estimate methodology, and includes a discussion of several release points of particular interest in the CY 2011 usage survey report. It also includes a table of the calculated PEDEs for each release point at its critical receptor. Section 5 describes ES's approach to Quality Assurance (QA) for the usage survey. Satisfactory completion of the survey requires that team members responsible for Rad-NESHAP (National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants) compliance accurately collect and process several types of information, including radioactive materials usage data, process information, and supporting information. They must also perform and document the QA reviews outlined in Section 5.2.6 (Process Verification and Peer Review) of ES-RN, 'Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Rad-NESHAP Compliance Project' to verify that all information is complete and correct.

Sturgeon, Richard W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

460

Characterization of passive oxide film on a Ti-5%Ta-1.8%Nb alloy on exposure to severe oxidizing conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study on the characteristics of the passive oxide film that forms on the surface of an {alpha} + {beta} Ti-5%Ta-1.8%Nb alloy, which possesses good corrosion resistance in severe oxidizing environment of boiling 11.5 M nitric acid. Through systematic structure-property studies, the microstructure with low corrosion rate (< 1 mpy) in liquid, vapor and condensate phases of nitric acid was identified. The characteristics of the passive film, which imparts corrosion resistance to the alloy, are influenced by its microstructure, temperature and concentration of the acid. The microstructure, thickness and composition of the oxide film were characterized using different techniques. TiO{sub 2}, Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} formed on exposure to vapor and condensate phases, while TiO{sub 2} was observed on exposure to the liquid phase. Detailed microstructural studies showed that the passive film consists of nano-crystalline phases of titanium and tantalum oxides, predominantly anatase in an amorphous matrix. Based on these studies, the mechanism of corrosion of the alloy is derived. - Research Highlights: {yields}Liquid phase corrosion results in a thicker and protective oxide film. {yields}Oxide film is a mixture of amorphous and nano-crystalline anatase. {yields}Higher amounts of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} form on vapor and condensate phase corrosion. {yields}High corrosion rate in condensate phase is due to selective dissolution of Ti in {alpha} phase.

Mythili, R.; Saroja, S., E-mail: saroja@igcar.gov.in; Vijayalakshmi, M.

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ta te source" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Study of spontaneous and induced absorption in amorphous Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} and SiO{sub 2} dielectric thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum pentoxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) and silicon dioxide (SiO{sub 2}) are common high-index and low-index materials used in dielectric optical coatings for high average-power lasers since high-density sputtered oxide films with absorption losses at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths of less than 1 ppm can be obtained. These oxides have been chosen to investigate the spontaneous and optically induced absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm that occurs due to simultaneous illumination at shorter wavelengths. The effect is measured using the photothermal common-path interferometric technique. This technique is capable of detecting sub-ppm levels of optical absorption and tracking its changes at a given wavelength when a second laser beam is also incident on a thin film oxide sample. In this work, dual beam experiments are employed to assess changes in the optical absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm in ion beam sputtered Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} and SiO{sub 2} thin films deposited on fused silica substrates, with stimulating illumination {lambda}{sub 1} ranging from {lambda}{sub 1} = 266 nm to {lambda}{sub 1} = 780 nm. The power and wavelength of the stimulating radiation were found to affect the optical absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm. Furthermore, the relaxation dynamics of the induced infrared absorption was found to be wavelength dependent and is thought to be associated with various electron traps existing in the forbidden gap that depend essentially on the film's preparation conditions. The significantly greater effect observed in Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} at {lambda}{sub 1} = 266 nm is attributed to band-to-band transitions.

Markosyan, A. S.; Route, R.; Fejer, M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, E.L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Patel, D.; Menoni, C. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and NSF ERC for Extreme Ultraviolet Science and Technology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

The effects of shockwave profile shape and shock obliquity on spallation in Cu and Ta: kinetic and stress-state effects on damage evolution(u)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Widespread research over the past five decades has provided a wealth of experimental data and insight concerning shock hardening and the spallation response of materials subjected to square-topped shock-wave loading profiles. Less quantitative data have been gathered on the effect of direct, in-contact, high explosive (HE)-driven Taylor wave (or triangular-wave) loading profile shock loading on the shock hardening, damage evolution, or spallation response of materials. Explosive loading induces an impulse dubbed a 'Taylor Wave'. This is a significantly different loading history than that achieved by a square-topped impulse in terms of both the pulse duration at a fixed peak pressure, and a different unloading strain rate from the peak Hugoniot state achieved. The goal of this research is to quantify the influence of shockwave obliquity on the spallation response of copper and tantalum by subjecting plates of each material to HE-driven sweeping detonation-wave loading and quantify both the wave propagation and the post-mortem damage evolution. This talk will summarize our current understanding of damage evolution during sweeping detonation-wave spallation loading in Cu and Ta and show comparisons to modeling simulations. The spallation responses of Cu and Ta are both shown to be critically dependent on the shockwave profile and the stress-state of the shock. Based on variations in the specifics of the shock drive (pulse shape, peak stress, shock obliquity) and sample geometry in Cu and Ta, 'spall strength' varies by over a factor of two and the details of the mechanisms of the damage evolution is seen to vary. Simplistic models of spallation, such as P{sub min} based on 1-D square-top shock data lack the physics to capture the influence of kinetics on damage evolution such as that operative during sweeping detonation loading. Such considerations are important for the development of predictive models of damage evolution and spallation in metals and alloys.

Gray, George T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

463

Chapter 2 - Energy Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In today’s industrialized world, energy became vital to all human activities including manufacturing, data processing, heating, cooling, lighting, transportation, food processing, etc., yet it is invisible for most of us. Today’s energy generation technologies are undergoing a paradigm shift; the solution to our current dilemma requires more renewable contribution as well as the more efficient utilization of conventional energy sources. Recognizing this importance, this chapter focuses on energy sources and energy generation technologies including, coal, hydroelectric, nuclear, solar, wind, ocean, and several others. Alternative energy technologies received great interest in recent years due to environmental impact, greenhouse gas emissions, national energy security, and increasing cost of fossil fuel-based sources. With particular emphasis on renewable and alternative energy systems, characteristic features of the renewable energy sources have been reviewed. Since power electronics is a key enabling technology for renewable energy utilization, power electronic converters and interfaces that are used for grid interconnection and stand-alone operation have been presented.

Omer C. Onar; Alireza Khaligh

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Sealed Radioactive Source Accountability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Notice extends DOE N 5400.9, Sealed Radioactive Source Accountability, of 12-24-91, until 12-24-95, unless sooner superseded or rescinded. The contents of DOE N 5400.9 will be updated and incorporated in the revised DOE O 5480.11, Radiation Protection for Occupational Workers.

1994-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

465

New Sources of Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and new ideas on recent progress in the applications of solar energy, wind power and geothermal energy, and held in Rome during August 21-31. The term 'new is ... power resources. These three forms of energy are very different in their characteristics; a geothermal energy source is a gift for any nation fortunate enough to possess such a site ...

H. HEYWOOD

1961-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

466

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

P.L. 113-6 or P.L. 112-74 Section 301(b) to include P.L. 113-76 Section 301(c). This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

467

Sealed Radioactive Source Accountability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) interim policy and to provide guidance for sealed radioactive source accountability. The directive does not cancel any directives. Extended by DOE N 5400.10 to 12-24-93 & Extended by DOE N 5400.12 to 12-24-94.

1991-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

468

Selective ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ion source is described wherein selected ions maybe extracted to the exclusion of unwanted ion species of higher ionization potential. Also described is a method of producing selected ions from a compound, such as P{sup +} from PH{sub 3}. The invention comprises a plasma chamber, an electron source, a means for introducing a gas to be ionized by electrons from the electron source, means for limiting electron energy from the electron source to a value between the ionization energy of the selected ion species and the greater ionization energy of an unwanted ion specie, and means for extracting the target ion specie from the plasma chamber. In one embodiment, the electrons are generated in a plasma cathode chamber immediately adjacent to the plasma chamber. A small extractor draws the electrons from the plasma cathode chamber into the relatively positive plasma chamber. The energy of the electrons extracted in this manner is easily controlled. The invention is particularly useful for doping silicon with P{sup +}, As{sup +}, and B{sup +} without the problematic presence of hydrogen, helium, water, or carbon oxide ions. Doped silicon is important for manufacture of semiconductors and semiconductor devices. 6 figs.

Leung, K.N.

1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

469

Selective ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ion source is described wherein selected ions maybe extracted to the exclusion of unwanted ion species of higher ionization potential. Also described is a method of producing selected ions from a compound, such as P.sup.+ from PH.sub.3. The invention comprises a plasma chamber, an electron source, a means for introducing a gas to be ionized by electrons from the electron source, means for limiting electron energy from the electron source to a value between the ionization energy of the selected ion species and the greater ionization energy of an unwanted ion specie, and means for extracting the target ion specie from the plasma chamber. In one embodiment, the electrons are generated in a plasma cathode chamber immediately adjacent to the plasma chamber. A small extractor draws the electrons from the plasma cathode chamber into the relatively positive plasma chamber. The energy of the electrons extracted in this manner is easily controlled. The invention is particularly useful for doping silicon with P.sup.+, AS.sup.+, and B.sup.+ without the problematic presence of hydrogen, helium, water, or carbon oxide ions. Doped silicon is important for manufacture of semiconductors and semiconductor devices.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Superluminal sources in astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......February-March 1997 news News Superluminal sources...manifestations of natural violence in recorded...RAS Librarian. NEWS It is now 30 years...magnetic pres- sure drives a rapid outflow...resulting outflow of gas drags with it small......

Peter Wilkinson; Ralph Spencer

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Synthesis, characterization and performance of Cd1xInxTe compound for solar cell applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Tebbin, P.O. Box 87 Helwan, Cairo 11412, Egypt b Department of Physics, University of Central Florida­vis­NIR spectrophotometer and band gap energy of 1.37 eV for Cd0.6In0.4Te was obtained. The best photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 1.89% was obtained for the Cd0.6In0.4Te sample with a short circuit current density (Jsc) of 15

Chow, Lee

472

Simultaneous TE{sub 1} and TE{sub 2} mode lasing yielding dual-wavelength oscillation in a semiconductor laser with a tunnel junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dual-frequency oscillation is obtained and investigated in a new type of injection heterolaser, an interband two-stage cascade laser with a tunneling p-n junction separating two active regions with quantum wells located in a common waveguide. The laser design provides for simultaneous oscillation at the first-order TE mode of wavelength {lambda} = 1.086 {mu}m and the second-order TE mode of wavelength {lambda} = 0.96 {mu}m in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature.

Aleshkin, V. Ya., E-mail: aleshkin@ipm.sci.nnov.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Babushkina, T. S.; Birykov, A. A. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation); Dubinov, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N.; Kolesnikov, M. N.; Nekorkin, S. M. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

CATHODOLUMINESCENCE STUDIES OF THE 1.4 eV BANDS IN CdTe (*) C. B. NORRIS and C. E. BARNES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

219 CATHODOLUMINESCENCE STUDIES OF THE 1.4 eV BANDS IN CdTe (*) C. B. NORRIS and C. E. BARNESV luminescence bands in nominally undoped, nominally stoichiometric CdTe and in donor-compensated, Te-rich CdTe.4 eV transitions in CdTe arose from the fact that this transition is of a more complex nature than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

Optical Stark Effect and Dressed Exciton States in a Mn-Doped CdTe Quantum Dot C. Le Gall,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Stark Effect and Dressed Exciton States in a Mn-Doped CdTe Quantum Dot C. Le Gall,1 A spin in a CdTe QD, like the strain- induced magnetic anisotropy or hyperfine coupling to the nuclei in this study is grown on a ZnTe substrate and contains CdTe QDs. A 6.5 monolayer thick CdTe layer is deposited

Boyer, Edmond

475

Polarisation measurements with a CdTe pixel array detector for Laue hard X-ray focusing telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polarimetry is an area of high energy astrophysics which is still relatively unexplored, even though it is recognized that this type of measurement could drastically increase our knowledge of the physics and geometry of high energy sources. For this reason, in the context of the design of a Gamma-Ray Imager based on new hard-X and soft gamma ray focusing optics for the next ESA Cosmic Vision call for proposals (Cosmic Vision 2015-2025), it is important that this capability should be implemented in the principal on-board instrumentation. For the particular case of wide band-pass Laue optics we propose a focal plane based on a thick pixelated CdTe detector operating with high efficiency between 60-600 keV. The high segmentation of this type of detector (1-2 mm pixel size) and the good energy resolution (a few keV FWHM at 500 keV) will allow high sensitivity polarisation measurements (a few % for a 10 mCrab source in 106s) to be performed. We have evaluated the modulation Q factors and minimum detectable polaris...

Caroli, E; Pisa, A; Stephen, J B; Frontera, F; Castanheira, M T D; Sordo, S; Caroli, Ezio; Silva, Rui M. Curado da; Pisa, Alessandro; Stephen, John B.; Frontera, Filippo; Castanheira, Matilde T. D.; Sordo, Stefano del

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Properties of triaxial, strongly deformed bands in {sup 167}Ta and {sup 167}Lu and the top-on-top model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the particle-rotor model with one particle coupled to a triaxially deformed rotor, the experimental excitation energy relative to a reference E*-aI(I+1) and the ratio between interband and intraband electromagnetic transitions are well reproduced for {sup 167}Ta with {gamma}=19 deg. The same parameter set for the angular-momentum-dependent rigid-body moments of inertia attains good agreement with experimental data for the positive-parity triaxial, strongly deformed (TSD) band levels in {sup 167}Lu. An attempt is made to investigate the negative-parity TSD band in {sup 167}Lu.

Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko [Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Otsuma Women's University, Tama, Tokyo 206-8540 (Japan); Tanabe, Kosai [Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Saitama University, Sakura-Ku, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Electronic Instability in a Zero-Gap Semiconductor: The Charge-Density Wave in (TaSe4)2I  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report a comprehensive study of the paradigmatic quasi-1D compound (TaSe4)2I performed by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and first-principles electronic structure calculations. We find it to be a zero-gap semiconductor in the nondistorted structure, with non-negligible interchain coupling. Theory and experiment support a Peierls-like scenario for the charge-density wave formation below TCDW=263??K, where the incommensurability is a direct consequence of the finite interchain coupling. The formation of small polarons, strongly suggested by the ARPES data, explains the puzzling semiconductor-to-semiconductor transition observed in transport at TCDW.

Tournier-Colletta, C.; Moreschini, L.; Autès, G.; Moser, S.; Crepaldi, A.; Berger, H.; Walter, A. L.; Kim, K. S.; Bostwick, A.; Monceau, P.; Rotenberg, E.; Yazyev, O. V.; Grioni, M.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Abundance determinations in HII regions: model fitting versus Te-method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discrepancy between the oxygen abundances in high-metallicity HII regions determined through the Te-method (and/or through the corresponding "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibration) and that determined through the model fitting (and/or through the corresponding "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibration) is discussed. It is suggested to use the interstellar oxygen abundance in the solar vicinity, derived with very high precision from the high-resolution observations of the weak interstellar absorption lines towards the stars, as a "Rosetta stone" to verify the validity of the oxygen abundances derived in HII regions with the Te-method at high abundances. The agreement between the value of the oxygen abundance at the solar galactocentric distance traced by the abundances derived in HII regions through the Te-method and that derived from the interstellar absorption lines towards the stars is strong evidence in favor of that i) the two-zone model for Te seems to be a realistic interpretation of the temperature structure within HII regions, and ii) the classic Te-method provides accurate oxygen abundances in HII regions. It has been concluded that the "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibrations must be based on the HII regions with the oxygen abundances derived with the Te-method but not on the existing grids of the models for HII regions.

L. S. Pilyugin

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

479

Enhanced thermoelectric performance in Cd doped CuInTe{sub 2} compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CuIn{sub 1?x}Cd{sub x}Te{sub 2} materials (x?=?0, 0.02, 0.05, and 0.1) are prepared using melting-annealing method and the highly densified bulk samples are obtained through Spark Plasma Sintering. The X-ray diffraction data confirm that nearly pure chalcopyrite structures are obtained in all the samples. Due to the substitution of Cd at In sites, the carrier concentration is greatly increased, leading to much enhanced electrical conductivity and power factor. The single parabolic band model is used to describe the electrical transport properties of CuInTe{sub 2} and the low temperature Hall mobility is also modeled. By combing theoretical model and experiment data, the optimum carrier concentration in CuInTe{sub 2} is proposed to explain the greatly enhanced power factors in the Cd doped CuInTe{sub 2}. In addition, the thermal conductivity is reduced by extra phonon scattering due to the atomic mass and radius fluctuations between Cd and In atoms. The maximum zTs are observed in CuIn{sub 0.98}Cd{sub 0.02}Te{sub 2} and CuIn{sub 0.9}Cd{sub 0.1}Te{sub 2} samples, which are improved by over 100% at room temperature and around 20% at 600?K.

Cheng, N. [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049 (China); Liu, R. [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); Bai, S. [CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); Shi, X., E-mail: xshi@mail.sic.ac.cn; Chen, L. [State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1295 Dingxi Road, Shanghai 200050 (China)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

480

Strong lensing probability in TeVeS theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recalculate the strong lensing probability as a function of the image separation in TeVeS (tensor-vector-scalar) cosmology, which is a relativistic version of MOND (MOdified Newtonian Dynamics). The lens is modeled by the Hernquist profile. We assume an open cosmology with $\\Omega_b=0.04$ and $\\Omega_\\Lambda=0.5$ and three different kinds of interpolating functions. Two different galaxy stellar mass functions (GSMF) are adopted: PHJ (Panter-Heavens-Jimenez, 2004) determined from SDSS data release one and Fontana (Fontana et al., 2006) from GOODS-MUSIC catalog. We compare our results with both the predicted probabilities for lenses by Singular Isothermal Sphere (SIS) galaxy halos in LCDM (lambda cold dark matter) with Schechter-fit velocity function, and the observational results of the well defined combined sample of Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS) and Jodrell Bank/Very Large Array Astrometric Survey (JVAS). It turns out that the interpolating function $\\mu(x)=x/(1+x)$ combined with Fontana GSMF matches the results from CLASS/JVAS quite well.

Da-Ming Chen

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

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481

X-Ray Observations of Unidentified H.E.S.S. Gamma-Ray Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a survey of the inner part of the Galaxy, performed with the H.E.S.S. Instrument (High energy stereoscopic system) in 2004 and 2005, a large number of new unidentified very high energy (VHE) {gamma}-ray sources above an energy of 100 GeV was discovered. Often the {gamma}-ray spectra in these sources reach energies of up to {approx} 10 TeV. These are the highest energy particles ever attributed to single astrophysical objects. While a few of these sources can be identified at other wavebands, most of these sources remain unidentified so far. A positive identification of these new g-ray sources with a counterpart object at other wavebands requires (a) a positional coincidence between the two sources,( b) a viable {gamma}-ray emission mechanism and (c) a consistent multiwavelength behavior of the two sources. X-ray observations with satellites such as XMM-Newton, Chandra or Suzaku provide one of the best channels to studying these enigmatic {gamma}-ray sources at other wavebands, since they combine high angular resolution and sensitivity with the ability to access non-thermal electrons through their synchrotron emission. We therefore have started a dedicated program to investigate VHE {gamma}-ray sources with high-sensitivity X-ray instruments.

Funk, S.; /SLAC

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

482

Electrical conduction mechanism in La{sub 3}Ta{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 5.3}Al{sub 0.2}O{sub 14} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical conduction mechanism in La{sub 3}Ta{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 5.3}Al{sub 0.2}O{sub 14} (LTGA) single crystals was studied by nonstoichiometric defect formation during crystal growth. Since stoichiometric LTGA is not congruent, the single crystal grown from the stoichiometric melt was Ta-poor and Al-rich, where Al atoms were substituted not only in Ga sites but also in Ta sites. The population of the substitutional Al in Ta sites increased with increasing oxygen partial pressure during growth (growth-pO{sub 2}) in the range from 0.01 to 1?atm. Below 600?°C, substitutional Al atoms in Ta sites were ionized to yield holes, and thus the electrical conductivity of the LTGA crystal depended on temperature and the growth-pO{sub 2}. The dependence of the electrical conductivity on the growth-pO{sub 2} decreased as temperature increased. The temperature rise increases ionic conductivity, for which the dominant carriers are oxygen defects formed by the anion Frenkel reaction.

Yaokawa, Ritsuko, E-mail: e4777-1009@yahoo.co.jp; Aota, Katsumi [Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd., 840, Shimotomi, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8511 (Japan); Uda, Satoshi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

483

Photon Source Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Source Parameters Print Photon Source Parameters Print Summary Graph of Brightness Curves for All Insertion Devices Insertion Device and Bend Magnet Parameters Bend Magnet Superbend Magnet U30 Undulator U50 Undulator U80 Undulator U100 Undulator W114 Wiggler The ALS has six elliptically polarizing undulators, two in straight 4, two in straight 11, and one each in straights 6 and 7. All are arranged with chicanes so that two such devices can be installed to feed two independent beamlines. They can be used in a variety of polarization modes, including circular, elliptical, horizontal, and vertical. These modes can be chosen by appropriate phasing of the magnet rows. The brightness and flux curves below are shown for horizontal and circular polarization. Curves for elliptical and vertical polarization are similar to the horizontal polarization curve, but the minimum photon energy is higher.

484

Overview | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APS Overview: APS Overview: Introduction APS Systems Map LINAC Booster Synchrotron Storage Ring Insertion Devices Experiment Hall LOMs & Beamlines Overview of the APS The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory provides this nation's (in fact, this hemisphere's) brightest storage ring-generated x-ray beams for research in almost all scientific disciplines. Photo: Aerial Photo of APS Aerial photo of the Advanced Photon Source These x-rays allow scientists to pursue new knowledge about the structure and function of materials in the center of the Earth and in outer space, and all points in between. The knowledge gained from this research can impact the evolution of combustion engines and microcircuits, aid in the development of new pharmaceuticals, and pioneer nanotechnologies whose

485

National Synchrotron Light Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Report 2001 Report 2001 National Synchrotron Light Source For the period October 1, 2000 through September 30, 2001 Introduction Science Highlights Year in Review Operations Publications Abstracts Nancye Wright & Lydia Rogers The National Synchrotron Light Source Department is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven Science Associates, Inc. Upton, New York 11973 Under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 Mary Anne Corwin Steven N. Ehrlich & Lisa M. Miller Managing Editor Science Editors Production Assistants Cover images (clockwise from top left) 1. from Science Highlight by K.R. Rajashankar, M.R. Chance, S.K. Burley, J. Jiang, S.C. Almo, A. Bresnick, T. Dodatko, R. Huang, G. He,

486

Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tomography Interest Group Contact: Robert Winarski, Center for Nanoscale Materials winarski@anl.gov Contact: Francesco De Carlo, Advanced Photon Source decarlo@aps.anl.gov The tomography special interest group of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory has been created to promote awareness of the tomography facilities at the APS and to foster communications between the various research groups. Through this group, we believe we can build a strong user community for tomography. The following beamlines have active tomography research programs: 2-BM-B (XOR) http://www.aps.anl.gov/Xray_Science_Division/Xray_Microscopy_and_Imaging/Science_and_Research/Techniques/Tomography/index.html Information about the beamline: http://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/beamline_display_pkg.display_beamline?p_beamline_num_c=31

487

Posters | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Your Cart (0 Posters) Your Cart (0 Posters) Your cart is empty. checkout Subtotal: $0.00 update empty Posters Order a printed APS poster! 11 in. x 17 in. prints will be mailed in the order requests are received. 36 in. x 36 in. posters will be sent to school addresses once all orders are processed. The Advanced Photon Source Is The Advanced Photon Source Is Qty: 1 add to cart Technologies from Materials Science Technologies from Materials Science Qty: 1 add to cart Materials Under Extreme Pressure Materials Under Extreme Pressure Qty: 1 add to cart Biological Macromolecules in Action Biological Macromolecules in Action Qty: 1 add to cart Journey to the Center of the Earth Journey to the Center of the Earth Qty: 1 add to cart Earthshaking Monitor Earthshaking Monitor Qty: 1 add to cart Imaging with X-rays

488

Photon Source Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Source Parameters Print Photon Source Parameters Print Summary Graph of Brightness Curves for All Insertion Devices Insertion Device and Bend Magnet Parameters Bend Magnet Superbend Magnet U30 Undulator U50 Undulator U80 Undulator U100 Undulator W114 Wiggler The ALS has six elliptically polarizing undulators, two in straight 4, two in straight 11, and one each in straights 6 and 7. All are arranged with chicanes so that two such devices can be installed to feed two independent beamlines. They can be used in a variety of polarization modes, including circular, elliptical, horizontal, and vertical. These modes can be chosen by appropriate phasing of the magnet rows. The brightness and flux curves below are shown for horizontal and circular polarization. Curves for elliptical and vertical polarization are similar to the horizontal polarization curve, but the minimum photon energy is higher.

489

Photon Source Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Source Parameters Print Photon Source Parameters Print Summary Graph of Brightness Curves for All Insertion Devices Insertion Device and Bend Magnet Parameters Bend Magnet Superbend Magnet U30 Undulator U50 Undulator U80 Undulator U100 Undulator W114 Wiggler The ALS has six elliptically polarizing undulators, two in straight 4, two in straight 11, and one each in straights 6 and 7. All are arranged with chicanes so that two such devices can be installed to feed two independent beamlines. They can be used in a variety of polarization modes, including circular, elliptical, horizontal, and vertical. These modes can be chosen by appropriate phasing of the magnet rows. The brightness and flux curves below are shown for horizontal and circular polarization. Curves for elliptical and vertical polarization are similar to the horizontal polarization curve, but the minimum photon energy is higher.

490

Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home Home Group Members Accelerator Magnets Insertion Devices Facilities Presentations & Publications Internal Magnetic Devices Group The primary mission of the Magnetic Devices (MD) Group is to design, build, and maintain Insertion Devices (IDs) that are reliable and transparent to the electron beam at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). The majority of IDs at the APS are conventional planar hybrid undulators, but an essential part of the mission is to develop novel IDs, such as short-period superconducting undulators and long-period electromagnetic undulators. The capabilities of APS IDs are matched to users' experimental needs. The mission also includes magnetic tuning of the IDs to ensure their near-ideal performance as x-ray sources and calculations to predict the radiation

491

Photon Source Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Source Parameters Print Photon Source Parameters Print Summary Graph of Brightness Curves for All Insertion Devices Insertion Device and Bend Magnet Parameters Bend Magnet Superbend Magnet U30 Undulator U50 Undulator U80 Undulator U100 Undulator W114 Wiggler The ALS has six elliptically polarizing undulators, two in straight 4, two in straight 11, and one each in straights 6 and 7. All are arranged with chicanes so that two such devices can be installed to feed two independent beamlines. They can be used in a variety of polarization modes, including circular, elliptical, horizontal, and vertical. These modes can be chosen by appropriate phasing of the magnet rows. The brightness and flux curves below are shown for horizontal and circular polarization. Curves for elliptical and vertical polarization are similar to the horizontal polarization curve, but the minimum photon energy is higher.

492