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  1. International Law and the War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John C.

    2003-01-01

    and sanctions regime against Iraq and Kuwait); SC Res. 662 (Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991, toto bring charges against Iraq for its violations of

  2. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    Two of the three (Brazil and Russia) are energy and naturalBrazil and India”, Portuguese Journal of International Affairs, No 4 Autumn/Winter 2011 Adam Stulberg, Well-Oiled Diplomacy : Strategic Manipulation and Russia's Energy

  3. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust —~Enstitute 11/‘U103 9143 9“ a Iraq and the Betrayal of TrustBetrayal? , Oil and Betrayal in Iraq, and The Senate Votes

  4. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    refugee consequences of a conflict in Iraq at their peril.IMMIGRATION STUDIES War in Iraq: An Impending RefugeeCalifornia 92093-0510 War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee

  5. Iraq and the utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1990-09-13

    This article discusses the possible impact on the public utilities of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. The author feels the industry is in better shape to weather this than the energy crisis of 1973 and 1974. However regulatory policies that prohibit some utilities from recovering fuel costs through rate adjustments may cause distress for some. The author feels that a revision of regulatory policies is needed.

  6. COMMENTARY: What to Expect from US "Democracy Promotion" in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I.

    2004-01-01

    Democracy Promotion” in Iraq William I. Robinson Universityfor “promoting democracy” in Iraq is an integral componentinvasion and occupation of Iraq and they face an expanding

  7. Reassessing Putin's Russia: Russia's Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberstadt, Nicholas; Satter, David; Reese, Roger

    2014-11-03

    assumed control of the American consulate at Batum, Rus- sia, on the eastern coast of the Black Sea. Smith's a?rival at Batum marked the return to Russia of a man who was intimately familiar with the culture and customs of the southern region... at Batum, and later Tif li s, Russia, from Apr il, 1914 to April, 1919. The United States' entry into the war in April of 1917 catapul ted Consul Smith into a position of immense responsibility, for he was wel I-aware of the military, political...

  8. The IAEA: Neutralizing Iraq's nuclear weapons potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zifferero, M.

    1993-04-01

    With support from UNSCOM and staff members from several countries, the IAEA has succeeded in identifying and destroying most of Iraq's nuclear weapons potential. IAEA activities in Iraq have also established a sound basis for long-term monitoring of Iraq. This will involve several procedures and techniques, including the periodic monitoring of Iraq's main bodies of water and unannounced visits of resident inspectors to plants, factories, and research centers.

  9. Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AL-Gailani, M. [GeoDesign Ltd., Kingston-upon-Thames (United Kingdom)

    1996-07-29

    Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

  10. Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the National Museum Army Reserve Major Corine Wegener is mobilized for Everyone (SAFE) develops the DoD Iraq & Afghanistan Heritage Reference Websites. DoD hosts a symposium Iraq/Afghanistan Playing Cards sent to US military locations and in-theatre. CENTCOM Historical

  11. Traumatic Brain Injury: The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aftandilians, Tania

    2009-01-01

    news/nationworld/iraq/bal- factorvii,0,2855253.storygallery?The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War by Tania Aftandiliansremains undi- lives in Iraq; however, funding is severely

  12. Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.C. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Kay, D.A. (Uranium Institute, London (United Kingdom))

    1992-07-01

    UN inspectors discovered an electromagnetic isotope separation factory that put Iraq just 18-30 months away from having enough material for a bomb. They also found European centrifuge technology and plans for an implosion device. The inspections of Iraq mandated by the United Nations as a cease-fire condition at the end of the Gulf War in February 1991 have revealed a clandestine nuclear materials production and weapons design program of unexpected size and sophistication. The total value of that program, in terms of equipment and personnel deployed between 1981 and 1991, may be on the order of $5-10 billion. The program employed an estimated 7000 scientist and 20,000 workers. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  13. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in the Cooperation in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq et en Syrie (rapport en fran

  14. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq, Mali, Nepal://www.math.jussieu.fr/miw/cooperations.html Moyen-Orient - Middle East · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq

  15. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. “Iraq Considered: Review Article. ”Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

  16. Iraq's nuclear hide-and-seek

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1991-09-01

    The revelation that Iraq had spent as much as $8 billion on its calutron program implies that Iraq sought to develop a large and renewable weapons material stockpile. While the calutron revelations are alarming, a nuclear weapons program requires more than equipment to produce fissile materials. Iraq lacked the hands-on experience required to nudge its fledgling gas centrifuge program out of the laboratory and into the large-scale production phase. No information to date suggests that Iraq would have escaped serious difficulties as it moved from a calutron pilot stage to large-scale production of highly enriched uranium. The revelations have raised hard questions about the quality of reconnaissance information on Iraq's nuclear effort. But the heat fingerprints left by a large calutron production plant would become visible only after the facility was producing enriched uranium. Tracking down and eliminating Iraq's nuclear weapons capabilities under the terms of Resolution 687, and a continued embargo to halt imports of relevant technologies and equipment, will be the most effective way to prevent Iraq's nuclear program from resurfacing.

  17. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  18. Iraq: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that no reliable information on Iraqi E and P operations and only a few reports on oil field facilities damage have been available since last August. Most of what is known originated from the Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), the authoritative newsletter covering the Middle East. According to MEES reports in major northern oil fields (Kirkuk, Bai Hasan and Jambur) is put at 800,000 bpd. The northern fields and the pipeline system through Turkey to the Mediterranean Sea that serves as an export outlet for the area apparently were not damaged much by coalition air strikes or subsequent fighting by the Kurds. Last May production was estimated at 250,000 bpd, presumably from northern fields. If and when U.N. sanctions are lifted, Iraq should be able to export promptly through the Turkish line.

  19. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.R.; Danneels, J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kenagy, W.D. [U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear Energy, Safety and Security, Washington, DC (United States); Phillips, C.J.; Chesser, R.K. [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX (United States)

    2007-07-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a significant number of nuclear facilities from Saddam Hussein's dictatorship. Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there is now an enormous radioactive waste problem at Al Tuwaitha. Al Tuwaitha contains uncharacterised radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals. The current security situation in Iraq hampers all aspects of radioactive waste management. Further, Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility, which means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive waste and material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS has funded the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to provide technical assistance to the GOI via a Technical Cooperation Project. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with U.S. and GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and for providing waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for the vast majority of the implementation of the NDs Program. (authors)

  20. Iraq's Oil Tomorrow Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iraq's Oil Tomorrow April 2003 By Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow John V. Mitchell the prior permission of the copyright holder. #12;Iraq's Oil Tomorrow 2 Introduction Public perceptions that the American-led military campaign against Iraq is fuelled by oil are widespread in Europe and in the Middle

  1. Perspectives Computational Biology in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neshich, Goran

    is an article like this important now? It is estimated that Brazil combined with China, Russia, and India, for example, one of the major exporters of medium-sized aircraft. Further, the Brazilian petroleum company

  2. Ongoing monitoring and verification in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1994-05-01

    When Iraq informed the United Nations last November 26 that it would cooperate in implementing the plans to monitor compliance with its obligations not to reacquire weapons banned under the ceasefire agreements following the Gulf War, it signalled an apparent policy reversal after two years of difficulties, deadlocks and limited cooperation. While claiming never to have rejected the plans to implement nationwide monitoring and inspections to prevent the import or manufacture of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, Iraq consistently spoke of the plans in terms of political, if not legal, rejection.

  3. The cigarette “transit” road to the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq: Illicit tobacco trade in the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    No. 303610452-524. Parker J. Iraq depending more on importedtrough the Silopi Pass into Iraq probably transport over aother goods imported into Iraq. . . . Cigarettes from Greek

  4. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  5. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Although he pennedVietnam and have become Iraq—with regard to the role playedwith America today in Iraq, there is no need to consider

  6. From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the Professional Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2011-01-01

    by Maia Wolins, 2011. [3] “Iraq: Latest Return Survey ShowsRosen, Nir. “The Flight From Iraq. ” The New York Times, 13From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the

  7. Secretary Bodman Visits Iraq | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits Iraq Secretary

  8. JPRS report supplement: Nuclear developments. Iraq -- Nuclear and missile proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1990-09-14

    This document contains articles from foreign periodicals from throughout the world, translated into English, that concern nuclear developments, specifically nuclear and missile proliferation in Iraq.

  9. Study sizes up Iraq`s reserves, exploration status, production potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibrahim, M.W. [Target Exploration Consultants, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-06-24

    Iraq has a volatile exploration and production history, but unlike more stable OAPEC countries it was National Oil Co. (INOC) rather than foreign oil companies that discovered most of the country`s proved oil reserves. Proved reserves are in Paleozoic, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary reservoirs charged by Silurian and Jurassic and/or Cretaceous source rocks. The pre-gulf war production capacity was 3.5 million b/d, but the country`s current damaged production capacity is about 2.5 million b/d. New discoveries have elevated Iraq`s proved reserves to 120 billion bbl of oil. The paper discusses exploration history, proven reserves, exploration plays, exploration potential, and production potential.

  10. Decommissioning of the Iraq former nuclear complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbas, Mohammed [Ministry of Science and Technology (Iraq); Helou, Tuama; Ahmead, Bushra [Ministry of Environment (Iraq); Al-Atia, Mousa; Al-Mubarak, Mowaffak [Iraqi Radiation Sources Regulatory Authority (Iraq); Danneels, Jeffrey; Cochran, John; Sorenson, Ken [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: A number of sites in Iraq have some degree of radiological contamination and require decommissioning and remediation in order to ensure radiological safety. Many of these sites in Iraq are located at the nuclear research centre at Al Tuwaitha. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors has approved a project to assist the Government of Iraq in the evaluation and decommissioning of former facilities that used radioactive materials. The project is divided into three phases: Phase 1: collect and analyze all available data and conduct training of the Iraqi staff, Phase 2: develop a decommissioning and remediation plan, and Phase 3: implement field activities relating to decommissioning, remediation and site selection suitable for final disposal of waste. Four working groups have been established to complete the Phase 1 work and significant progress has been made in drafting a new nuclear law which will provide the legal basis for the licensing of the decommissioning of the former nuclear complex. Work is also underway to collect and analysis existing date, to prioritize future activities and to develop a waste management strategy. This will be a long-term and costly project. (authors)

  11. Iraq's shop-till-you-drop nuclear program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1992-04-01

    In a series of articles that began in March 1991, the authors have tried to separate fact from fiction about Iraq's ability to build nuclear weapons and to produce material to fuel them. After exposing Iraq's efforts to enrich uranium and design an atomic bomb, UN and IAEA experts zeroed in on how Iraq put its program together. The basic answer is that along with determination and persistence, Iraq had a great deal of foreign help. Iraq's Petrochemical Three,' the secret nuclear program conducted under the authority of its Atomic Energy Commission with links to the Defense Ministry and the Ministry of Industry and Military Industrialization, received massive infusions of money and resources. Like the Manhattan Project that built the first atomic bombs in the United States, Iraq's program simultaneously pursued a number of different technical avenues to the bomb. Not knowing which efforts would succeed, Iraq poured billions of dollars into its multifaceted quest. Providing for these programs required the establishment of elaborate procurement networks in Europe, North America, and Asia. Like the technical quest, the procurement effort was carried out on many fronts at once. Diplomacy and secrecy were required, because few companies would knowingly supply a nuclear weapons program, or even a secret nuclear program that was ostensibly for civil purposes. Iraq showed great ingenuity in hiding its purchases behind such innocuous pursuits as automobile manufacturing, dairy production, and oil refining.

  12. The Security of Russia's Nuclear Arsenal: The Human Factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D.Y.

    1999-10-12

    Assertions by the Russian military that all of their nuclear weapons are secure against theft and that nuclear units within the military are somehow insulated from the problems plaguing the Russian military should not be accepted uncritically. Accordingly, we should not give unwarranted credence to the pronouncements of military figures like Cal.-Gen. Igor Valynkin, Chief of the Defense Ministry's 12th Main Directorate, which oversees the country's nuclear arsenal. He contends that ''Russian nuclear weapons are under reliable supervision'' and that ''talk about the unreliability of our control over nuclear weapons has only one pragmatic goal--to convince international society that the country is incapable of maintaining nuclear safety and to introduce international oversight over those weapons, as it is done, for example, in Iraq.'' While the comparison to Iraq is preposterous, many analysts might agree with Valynkin's sanguine appraisal of the security of Russia's nuclear weapons. In contrast, I argue that the numerous difficulties confronting the military as a whole should cause concern in the West over the security of the Russian nuclear arsenal.

  13. Russia`s atomic tsar: Viktor N. Mikhailov

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reams, C.A.

    1996-12-01

    Minatom (Ministry of Atomic Energy) was created to manage Russia`s nuclear weapons program in the age of disarmament. The ministry is responsible for the development, production, and maintenance of nuclear weapons, warhead dismantlement, the production of nuclear materials for weapons, the disposition of nuclear materials disassembled from warheads, the administration of Russia`s vast nuclear weapons complex, the development of policy for the future role of Russia`s nuclear complex and payment of employees entrusted with such tasks. Thus, Minatom is instrumental in the implementation of arms control, disarmament and nonproliferation agreements. The director of Minatom, Viktor N. Mikhailov, wields a great deal of power and influence over Russia`s nuclear infrastructure. He is an important player amidst efforts to reduce the threats posed by Russia`s decaying nuclear complex. There are certainly other personalities in the Russian government who influence Minatom; however, few affect the ministry as profoundly as Mikhailov. His ability to influence Russia`s nuclear complex has been clearly demonstrated by his policies in relation to the US purchase of Russian highly enriched uranium, the planned fissile material storage facility at Mayak, materials protection, control and accountability programs, and his unwavering determination to sell Iran commercial nuclear technology. Mikhailov has also been a key negotiator when dealing with the US on issues of transparency of weapons dismantlement and fissile material disposition, as well as the use of US threat reduction funds. His policies and concerns in these areas will affect the prospects for the successful negotiation and implementation of future nuclear threat reduction programs and agreements with Russia.

  14. Iraq hedges on arms inspections; CIA warns of ongoing programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.

    1992-12-01

    International inspection terms received distinctly mixed signals from Iraqi officials during December inspection visits. Iraq's liasion to U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspection teams told the head of an UNSCOM chemical and biological weapons team that began a visit December 5 that Iraqi citizens would like to drink the blood' of the inspectors, and that Iraq would no longer cooperate with U.N. weapon inspection activities. An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) nuclear inspection team in Iraq at the same time, however, was told by its chief Iraqi liasion officer that Baghdad was finally willing to answer questions about Iraq's foreign procurement network for nuclear equipment and technology. These contradictory developments came only days before the head of U.S. Intelligence made renewed allegations about Iraq's weapons capabilities.

  15. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  16. Iraq: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13Renewable PowerMismatchInformationPageIra,Iraq:

  17. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01

    plants. In European Russia, gas and electricity productionlevel distribution of gas within Russia. 3, foreign ownersoligarchs – Gazprom (Russia’s gas monopolist), UES (the

  18. Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia EDITED BY MichaelJ. Bemon University of Bristol Mikhail recorded in the eighteenth century from the Permian of the Urals, during the reign of Peter the Great and South Africa, but others are unique to Russia. Marine rep- tiles have been found at many localities

  19. Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloonan, Michè le V.

    2008-07-14

    Michèle V. Cloonan, Dean and Professor at the Simmons College Graduate School of Library & Information Science, presents "Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire," April 3, 2008 at the Spooner Commons, University of Kansas. Presentation...

  20. Iraq's housing crisis : upgrading settlements for IDPS (internally displaced persons)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaikley, Layla Karim

    2013-01-01

    The most recent war in Iraq has resulted in a large wave of internal and external displacement with increased sectarian violence and ethnic tension. Subsequent conflict has exacerbated conditions within the nation and ...

  1. Support of the Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria); Cochran, John; Danneels, Jeff [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Chesser, Ronald; Phillips, Carlton; Rogers, Brenda [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Iraq's former nuclear facilities contain large quantities of radioactive materials and radioactive waste. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the Iraq NDs Program) is a new program to decontaminate and permanently dispose of radioactive wastes in Iraq. The NDs Program is led by the Government of Iraq, under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) auspices, with guidance and assistance from a number of countries. The U.S. participants include Texas Tech University and Sandia National Laboratories. A number of activities are ongoing under the broad umbrella of the Iraq NDs Program: drafting a new nuclear law that will provide the legal basis for the cleanup and disposal activities; assembly and analysis of existing data; characterization of soil contamination; bringing Iraqi scientists to the world's largest symposium on radioactive waste management; touring U.S. government and private sector operating radwaste disposal facilities in the U.S., and hosting a planning workshop on the characterization and cleanup of the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Facility. (authors)

  2. Mental Health Diagnoses and Utilization of VA Non-Mental Health Medical Services Among Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Beth E.; Gima, Kris; Bertenthal, Daniel; Kim, Sue; Marmar, Charles R.; Seal, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    Soldiers Returning From the Iraq War. Jama. 2007;298:2141–8.returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA.soldiers returning from the Iraq war. JAMA. 2007;298:2141–8.

  3. Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey

    Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...

  4. Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of special body for licensing export operations · changes in the Federal Crime Code #12;RUSSIA ...A barbarianCombating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia #12;Primorsky

  5. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    War-Prayer”—Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Althoughthe Philippines became Vietnam and have become Iraq—withThe photographs depicted Vietnam from 1954-1975, the war

  6. U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree By KEVIN D. THOMPSON Palm President Obama on Friday declared the war in Iraq over and announced that all U.S. troops would be leaving

  7. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project (NDs Project).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell

    2010-06-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a number of facilities from Saddam Hussan's nuclear weapons program. Past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting have created an enormous radioactive waste problem at the Al Tuwaitha complex, which contains various, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility and the lack of a disposal facility means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS is funding the IAEA to provide technical assistance via Technical Cooperation projects. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for implementation of the NDs Program.

  8. What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Graldine Chatelard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Géraldine Chatelard Research: This chapter aims at reconnecting the mass refugee migration from Iraq that has followed the fall of the regime and social anthropology. Focusing on the case of refugee migration from Iraq to Jordan between 1990 and 2008

  9. Deception and Denial in Iraq--The Limits of Secret Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    Deception and Denial in Iraq-- The Limits of Secret Intelligence and the Intelligent Adversary Corollary Running title: Deception and Denial in Iraq Jonathan I. Katz Department of Physics CB1105 1 #12;Abstract Prior to the Second Gulf War Iraq accomplished the remarkable feat of convincing

  10. Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the Baath Party Archive Bruce P. Montgomery* Abstract: Shortly after the 2003 American invasion of Iraq, Kanan Makiya, a long in power. Soon after the discovery of the documents, the Iraq Memory Foundation (IMF), a private Washington

  11. International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

    1994-12-31

    Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

  12. Iran and Iraq - the proliferation challenge. Strategic research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, F.R.

    1996-04-15

    Worldwide proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles has been on the rise since the end of the Cold War. This escalation has brought a new set of challenges to post-Cold War strategists and policymakers. This study focus on the impact of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. It assesses the possibility of Iran`s and Iraq`s ability to develop a nuclear capability within the next twenty to thirty years. United States` strategy and policy to counter this potential is also considered.

  13. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01

    hydro-electric power plant, Sayano-Shushenskaia Hydroelectric Power Plant (SSGES, Russia’s hydro-electric power. Unlike in European Russia, where theRussia’s utilities, while Rusal targeted Siberian hydro-electric power

  14. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01

    Electricity Sector in Russia: Regional Aspects " In Economics EducationElectricity Sector in Russia: Regional Aspects " in Economics Education

  15. Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the creation of special body for licensing export operations · changes in the Federal Crime Code #12;RUSSIACombating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia http://www

  16. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  17. UNSCOM faces entirely new verification challenges in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1993-04-01

    Starting with the very first declarations and inspections, it became evident that Iraq was not acting in good faith, would use every possible pretext to reinterpret UNSCOM's inspection rights, and occasionally would use harassment tactics to make inspections as difficult as possible. Topics considered in detail include; initial assumptions, outstanding issues, and UNSCOM's future attitude.

  18. Crustal structure along geotransect Baghdad-Dohuk, northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saigh, N.H. (Mosul Univ. (Iraq)); Namik, I.; Hameed, I.A.

    1990-06-01

    Seismic reflection data correlated to five exploration wells along with geological, gravity, and magnetic data are used to construct the subsurface structure along an approximately 100 km wide corridor that traverses central Iraq in a SE-NW direction for a distance of about 500 km from Baghdad in the central part of Iraq to Dohuk near the Turkish border. This transect is one of few such transects that represents the Iraqi contribution to the Global Geoscience Transects (GGT) project. A strong reflector has been identified at a depth of about 10- 13 km. This reflector is believed to be the top surface of the crystalline basement. This seismic evidence finds support in the interpretation of gravity and magnetic data. The crystalline basement becomes shallower as the authors approach the Turkish border, until about 100 km from the border, and then becomes deeper again to subduct under the Anadolian plate. In central Iraq the basement also becomes deeper as they approach the Iranian border to subduct under the Iranian plate. It appears that the thickness of the crust varies between 35.5 km in the central part of Iraq and about 30.5 km near the Turkish border.

  19. Iraq cracks a few heads in the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, J.

    1990-08-20

    Last month Saddam Hussein charged that oil overproduction by his neighbors was costing Iraq dearly. When an OPEC meeting collapsed last week, he sent 100,000 troops to seize Kuwait, which he had accused of stealing oil. The US is scrambling to organize a Western boycott, but some analysts question just how effective such a more would be.

  20. Russia’s R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-05-01

    Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

  1. Russia`s nuke complex: A case for downsizing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bukharin, O.

    1995-07-01

    Nuclear weapons stored in former Soviet republics, uncontrolled export of bomb-grade nuclear materials, and recruitment of ex-Soviet nuclear physicists by Third-World nations remain today`s top proliferation risks, reports Oleg Bukharin, a visiting researcher at Princeton University`s Center for Energy and Environment Studies. To address these risks, Russia {open_quotes}must shift its weapons production and development to weapons dismantlement, management of weapons materials, and maintenance of a much smaller...arsenal,{close_quotes} Bukharin writes. The goal of such conversion, he says, {open_quotes}is a nuclear complex that is environmentally safe...and compatible with nonproliferation objectives.{close_quotes} Reconfiguration of Russia`s weapons complex also must provide for redeployment of the hundreds of thousands of scientists, engineers, and technicians who have supported the federation`s nuclear weapons program, Bukharin insists. {open_quotes}A truly durable strategy to prevent the dispersion of Russian weapons expertise must [involve] these weapons experts in non-weapons research,{close_quotes} says Bukharin. Furthermore, Bukharin writes, the Russian conversion program must prevent nuclear materials from falling into the wrong hands. {open_quotes}Widespread corruption, crime, and emerging black markets increase the risk of diversion of weapons-grade uranium or plutonium,{close_quotes} he says.

  2. Press Release: New calculations show as many as 7.3 million Americans know someone killed or injured in Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Sally

    2006-01-01

    know a soldier killed in Iraq, it’s going to make the costSomeone Killed or Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan The socialor injured in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to

  3. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    of the Use of Force against Iraq in 2003." Dissertation,Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, Table 1.1:Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, 225–250.

  4. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    increase of Iraq's energy supply to the global markets. Following on that meeting, today in Baghdad, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and...

  5. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  6. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01

    and for a large share of Russia’s export revenue, accordingRussia’s gas-fired power plant would significantly reduce domestic gas consumption, freeing up gas for lucrative export.

  7. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01

    European Russia’s gas-fired power plant would significantlypredominately gas-fired power plants in European Russia;interested in acquiring gas-fired power plants and in price

  8. START Fact Sheet START, June 2014 1 The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Baghdadi announced the expansion of ISI to Syria, officially rebranding the organization as the Islamic State of IraqSTART Fact Sheet © START, June 2014 1 FACT SHEET The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE 1) The group currently known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL

  9. Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey Brantingham Andrea Bertozzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey reports in Iraq. For this purpose we employ a branching point process model similar to those used activity, such an assumption is not valid in the context of civilian deaths in Iraq. We propose three

  10. Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . . From Prof John Ure . Sir, The big story about the current crisis in Iraq surely is the opportunity it offers Iran-Assad in neighbouring Syria. Iran has already sent the Revolutionary Guard to help the government beat back the Islamic

  11. NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material December 10, 2004 NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material...

  12. The origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program: Technical reality and Western hypocrisy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erkman, S; Hurni, J P; Klement, S; Erkman, Suren; Gsponer, Andre; Hurni, Jean-Pierre; Klement, Stephan

    2005-01-01

    This report is based on a series of papers written between 1980 and 2005 on the origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which was known to one of the authors in the late 1970s already, as well as to a number of other physicists, who independently tried without success to inform their governments and the public. It is concluded that at no point did the Western governments effectively try to stop Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which suggests that its existence was useful as a foreign policy tool, as is confirmed by its use as a major justification to wage two wars on Iraq.

  13. Meeting report:Iraq oil ministry needs assessment workshop.3-5 Septemner 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2006-11-01

    Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Nuclear Security Administration, and Sandia National Laboratories met with mid-level representatives from Iraq's oil and gas companies and with former employees and senior managers of Iraq's Ministry of Oil September 3-5 in Amman, Jordan. The goals of the workshop were to assess the needs of the Iraqi Oil Ministry and industry, to provide information about capabilities at DOE and the national laboratories relevant to Iraq, and to develop ideas for potential projects.

  14. Russia vows to end oil export tax

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-27

    This paper reports that Russia will eliminate its oil export tax by 1994 and until then will allow some exemptions, Russian officials have assured a group of US tax specialists. They stopped short of saying it would be repealed by the end of the year, the Ken Crawford, a member of a Tax Foundation delegation visiting Russia and managing partner of KPMG Peat Marwick's Moscow office. The export tax was one of several tax related Russian economic issues on which the US experts and Russian officials exchanged views early this month. The 15 member delegation was in Moscow on invitation from Russia's Ministry of Finance and State Committee on Taxation to help develop guidelines for laws governing Russia's taxation of foreign investment. The US group was sponsored by the Tax Foundation, Washington, DC, a nonprofit, nonpartisan tax and fiscal policy research and public education group.

  15. Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tantsuyev, Andriy

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

  16. Iraq liquid radioactive waste tanks maintenance and monitoring program plan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis, Matthew L.; Cochran, John Russell; Sol Shamsaldin, Emad

    2011-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to develop a project management plan for maintaining and monitoring liquid radioactive waste tanks at Iraq's Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center. Based on information from several sources, the Al-Tuwaitha site has approximately 30 waste tanks that contain varying amounts of liquid or sludge radioactive waste. All of the tanks have been non-operational for over 20 years and most have limited characterization. The program plan embodied in this document provides guidance on conducting radiological surveys, posting radiation control areas and controlling access, performing tank hazard assessments to remove debris and gain access, and conducting routine tank inspections. This program plan provides general advice on how to sample and characterize tank contents, and how to prioritize tanks for soil sampling and borehole monitoring.

  17. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) in marsh sediments, Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saad, H.T.; Al-Timari, A.A. (Univ. of Basrah (Iraq))

    1989-12-01

    Recently there has been a growing concern in the release of harmful organics into the environment. Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) are a class of compounds of interset due to their possible harmful effects to man as well as organisms. Anthropogenic PAH's may reach aquatic environment as a result of both industrial and domestic effluents, deposition of airborne particles, surface runoff and oil spillage. Having a relatively low water solubility and high affinity to sorb to the suspended particulate matter, most of the PAH's introduced to the aquatic environment tend to accumulate in bottom sediments. Sedimentary PAH's may thus provide a record of the input and history of these pollutants. Consequently, the distribution of PAH's in aquatic sediments have received considerable attention. The purpose of the present work was to establish the distribution of PAH's in the sediments of the marsh region located in southern Iraq.

  18. Examining the influence of civilian casualties on insurgent attacks in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnis, Jessica Eve

    2006-01-01

    Although there have been several attempts to tabulate civilian casualties in the Iraq War, the effect of these casualties on the Iraqi population and insurgent organizations has not been thoroughly examined. From the ...

  19. Death before dismount? : mechanization, force employment, and counterinsurgency outcomes in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Raphael (Raphael E.)

    2011-01-01

    Recent research suggests that heavily mechanized armies perform worse in counterinsurgency campaigns than those that use fewer vehicles. The U.S. military's 2007 operations in Iraq, however, present an empirical quandary ...

  20. Preventing ballistic missile proliferation: Lessons from Iraq. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talay, B.J.

    1996-12-01

    This thesis examines the case of Iraq to assess the performance of the missile nonproliferation regime since 1970. By analyzing the methods used by Iraq to obtain missile systems and missile technology, this thesis assesses the ability of the international community to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Understanding Iraq`s past capabilities as well as its post-war efforts to rebuild weapons programs and procurement networks, this thesis provides suggestions for improving the regime`s performance. This thesis finds that (1) prior to 1992, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) failed in its attempts to prevent proliferation; (2) the existence of the MTCR, while necessary to slow proliferation, is not sufficient to prevent proliferation; and (3) additional enforcement is needed to counter weapons of mass destruction acquisition by resourceful and determined states.

  1. The development of a monitoring system for use in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuess, D.A.

    1996-08-12

    In April 1993, the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), through the U.S. Department of State, requested hardware to monitor two rocket motor test stands in Iraq. The Department of Energy`s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory responded with project Dustcloud. Within two weeks of the request, LLNL delivered two video monitoring systems which were deployed to Iraq and installed at the Al Azim solid motor test site and the Al Rafah liquid engine test site, each about 75 km from Baghdad. The original request included a set of loosely defined requirements to perform remote monitoring in accordance with applicable United Nations Resolutions. The Sheraton Hotel in Baghdad was to be the site of the central monitoring station. While these first systems satisfied the original requirements, they were technically cumbersome and did not lend themselves to easy expansion, or mass production. A request for a second phase design was received in May 1994. The second phase design provided a more general solution to the monitoring requirement and extended the number of monitored facilities to a total of 25 and provided a continuous monitoring capability at a mutually agreed upon site located outside of the monitored country. The Phase II hardware was placed in service in June 1994. In both the Phase I and Phase II designs we worked against extremely tight time constraints where the schedule was driven solely by international negotiations and agreements. One result of the tight time schedules was the inability to consider a wide range of international sources for the hardware. This paper is devoted to an in depth discussion of the requirements and the hardware design.

  2. Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lussier, Danielle Nicole

    2011-01-01

    2000, 51 percent of Russia’s export income was generated byexport income for the year 2000 (World Bank, 2002). While Russia

  3. Why Russia is not a state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, J.E.

    1993-08-16

    This article makes two principal points. First the author argues that the Russian federation has never been a state and is not sustainable as a state. Four centrifugal indicators are presented to support this claim: ethnic divisiveness; uncertainty about the legitimacy of Russia`s current borders; competing claims for legitimacy on the part of federal and regional leaders; and army units` unpredictable allegiances. Second, she argues that Soviet policies intended to facilitate central control of the periphery had the perverse effect of creating ethnic identity and demands for national autonomy where, in many cases, they did not exist prior to the Communist regime. Following the introduction, part one briefly reviews the concepts of state, nation, and nationalism and the roles they play in Russia. Criteria for state-hood are discussed. Part two lists the main ethnic groups in Russia and considers the roots of ethnic nationalism in the Russian Federation. Part three discusses confusion over the legitimacy of the physical, economic, and political boundaries of the Russian Federation. Part four discusses political disarray in the center and the regions and the lack of unity among order-enforcing entities. The Volga-Ural region -- where there is a large concentration of nuclear weapons and facilities, and which is especially volatile politically -- is discussed in somewhat more detail. Part five argues that these factors taken together call into question Russia`s identity as a state. The author concludes that Russia remains a multi-ethnic empire in which the rule of law is still not supreme.

  4. Sandia National Laboratories support of the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Danneels, Jeffrey John

    2009-03-01

    Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there are now enormous radioactive waste problems in Iraq. These waste problems include destroyed nuclear facilities, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, liquid radioactive waste in underground tanks, wastes related to the production of yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, activated metals and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq currently lacks the trained personnel, regulatory and physical infrastructure to safely and securely manage these facilities and wastes. In 2005 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed to organize an international cooperative program to assist Iraq with these issues. Soon after, the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) was initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to support the IAEA and assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials. The Iraq NDs Program is providing support for the IAEA plus training, consultation and limited equipment to the GOI. The GOI owns the problems and will be responsible for implementation of the Iraq NDs Program. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is a part of the DOS's team implementing the Iraq NDs Program. This report documents Sandia's support of the Iraq NDs Program, which has developed into three principal work streams: (1) training and technical consultation; (2) introducing Iraqis to modern decommissioning and waste management practices; and (3) supporting the IAEA, as they assist the GOI. Examples of each of these work streams include: (1) presentation of a three-day training workshop on 'Practical Concepts for Safe Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste in Arid Settings;' (2) leading GOI representatives on a tour of two operating low level radioactive waste disposal facilities in the U.S.; and (3) supporting the IAEA's Technical Meeting with the GOI from April 21-25, 2008. As noted in the report, there was significant teaming between the various participants to best help the GOI. On-the-ground progress is the focus of the Iraq NDs Program and much of the work is a transfer of technical and practical skills and knowledge that Sandia uses day-to-day. On-the-ground progress was achieved in July of 2008 when the GOI began the physical cleanup and dismantlement of the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) facility at Al Tuwaitha, near Baghdad.

  5. A review of "Russia’s Steppe Frontier. The Making of a Colonial Empire." by Michael Khodarkovsky 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2004-01-01

    efforts is a solid, working foundation. Michael Khodarkovsky. Russia?s Steppe Frontier. The Making of a Colonial Empire, 1500-1800. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002. Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies. xiv + 290 pp... and the coasts of the Pacific Ocean. It is the growth of the Russia?s expansion to these territories, along with its mechanisms, that Michael Khodarkovsky analyzes in his work Russia?s Steppe Frontier. After reading the book and looking at its title, I am...

  6. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    around 25% of Russia’s current exports and 20% of China’sprevious section, Russia has also imposed export tariffs onhydrocarbon exports and fears that Russia will try to use

  7. Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

    2007-01-01

    of the oil and gas industries in Russia are cruciallyoperating within Russia in gas and electricity production.the projected increase in Russia’s natural gas exports and,

  8. Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

    2007-01-01

    operating within Russia in gas and electricity production.of the oil and gas industries in Russia are cruciallythe projected increase in Russia’s natural gas exports and,

  9. Business Planning: A Key to Energy Efficiency in Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, M.

    1997-01-01

    Financing is a significant barrier to energy efficiency in Russia. Many banks and Western companies would like to invest in energy efficiency projects in Russia, but are frustrated by the lack of Western-style business planning and preparation...

  10. U.S. and Russia Sign Statement of Intent

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu and Sergei Kiriyenko, Director General of Russia’s State Corporation for Atomic Energy (Rosatom), signed a Statement of Intent (SOI) concerning collaboration in innovative technologies for environmental restoration and radioactive waste management.

  11. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01

    Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate. Why has Moscow oscillated between resistance to sanctions and support for punitive measures against Iran in the meantime supplying Tehran with new arms technologies...

  12. CENTRIFUGAL FORCES: READING RUSSIA'S REGIONAL IDENTITIES AND INITIATIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    CENTRIFUGAL FORCES: READING RUSSIA'S REGIONAL IDENTITIES AND INITIATIVES Thursday, March 26 and Natural Heritage, Moscow, Russia), " : , " ("The Centrifugality of the Centripetal: Space, Identity and Industry as Centrifugal Forces in Tsarist Transcaucasia" Helen Hundley (History, Wichita State U

  13. Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

    2009-01-01

    rents and Russia’s revenue dependence on natural gas rents;Russia, the current locus of energy redistribution is in the natural gasof Russia’s energy sector: Gazprom. Unlike natural gas,

  14. Russia's role in the Kyoto Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Alain.

    As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...

  15. Dispatch from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielson, Rex P

    2013-01-01

    Works Dispatch from Brazil Rex P. Nielson, Introduction and2013 fair chose to focus on Brazil in its opening ceremonypolitical dignitaries, namely, Brazil’s Minister of Culture,

  16. The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    1 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War Pino G. Audia Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College pino volume of media coverage of the Iraq War. #12;2 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion

  17. Effects of global eustatic sea level variations and tectonism on stratigraphy of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gawarecki, S.L.; Schamel, S.

    1986-05-01

    The stratigraphy of Iraq is marked by complex vertical and lateral facies sequences controlled predominantly by two factors: (1) eustatic sea level variations, and (2) tectonic movements. Analysis of the sedimentary cycles provides a framework for evaluating the relative economic importance of transgressive versus regressive facies within the Iraq stratigraphic succession. Most reservoir rocks, principally reefal and neritic limestones and to a lesser extent deltaic facies, were deposited during relatively high sea level stands. Source rock depositional environments in Iraq were typically either deep subsiding or shallow restricted intrashelf basins. These environments were not controlled by sea level, but primarily by local tectonics. Applying modern theories of plate tectonics and sea level control of facies to this well-studied petroleum province allows new interpretations of the region's geologic evolution.

  18. Russia Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, NewMichigan:Roxbury,Rush County,New York: Energy ResourcesRussia

  19. Limiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    proliferation of nuclear weapons. The first conclusion is that proliferation is easy and inevitable. The secondLimiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz Washington University, St development of nuclear weapons in 1949. Two plausible conclusions may be drawn from this history of the first

  20. The US Export-Import Bank: No evidence of financing restricted chemical exports to Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelowitz, A.I.; Watson, J.E.; Wood, S.E.; Logan, D.L.; Hinojosa, S.L.

    1991-09-01

    The authors have reviewed U.S. Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) transactions involving chemicals exported to Iraq from January 1987 to August 1990. Specifically, the authors examined (1) whether there was any evidence that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals to Iraq and (2) what the Eximbank`s role was in monitoring and controlling chemical exports. Results are based primarily on a review of documents provided to them by the Eximbank. They did not verify the Eximbank data or corroborate it with the records of the banks or exporters involved in the transactions. There was no evidence in the documents they reviewed to suggest that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals (chemicals with both commercial and military applications that could be used for chemical weapons) -- as defined by the Department of Commerce -- to Iraq between January 1987 and August 1990. There were approximately 190 transactions between Iraq and the Eximbank during this period. They focused their review on the eight transactions involving pesticides and related products. The Eximbank has no responsibility or authority for monitoring or controlling the export of chemicals or any other commodities: the Departments of Commerce and State and the US Customs Service share those responsibilities. Nevertheless, the Eximbank has recently developed specific procedures to review applications for financing chemical exports. However, such procedures were not in place when the Eximbank approved the applications for seven of eight pesticide transactions that occurred between January 1987 and August 1990.

  1. Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

    2009-01-01

    an export partnership between RAO UESR, Russia’s electricityRussia’s nuclear intensity is due to drastic increase of uranium exports

  2. Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a bid to punish it for opposing the U.S.-led war in Iraq -- back Japan's fishing village of Rokkasho

  3. Russia's energy policy, 1992-2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milov, V.; Coburn, L.L.; Danchenko, I. [Inst. for Energy Policy, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2006-05-15

    A team comprising a former Russian policymaker and American analysts of the current Russian energy policy examines the course of that policy and its limitations during the post-Soviet period. In the process, they critically analyze key problems in Russia's oil, gas, coal, and electricity sectors that represent a potential drag on growth of the entire Russian economy and at the very least call into question the sustainability of further increases in exports to the West. The authors explore in considerable depth and detail both the factors underlying the recent increase in government intervention in the energy sector and the likely consequences for domestic production, consumption, resource security, and critical exports.

  4. Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulga, Mayia

    2012-01-01

    Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania: SourcesEvidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.

  5. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01

    2009, “Milk war smells of gas”, Russia Today, June 15, 2009.Interfax, June 17, 2010. gas from Russia. 465 Russian energyThe pipeline brings gas directly from Russia to Turkey via

  6. Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lussier, Danielle Nicole

    2011-01-01

    of Russia’s export income was generated by oil and gas (Russia is the biggest country in the world, has the largest volume of combined oil and natural gas

  7. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront....

  8. Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantir, Cristian

    2011-04-19

    This mixed-methods dissertation investigates the countries of the Coalition of the Willing in Iraq (2003-2009) to identify the determinants of defection and of fluctuation in troop numbers. It makes theoretical contributions ...

  9. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    Energy Empire: Oil, Gas, and Russia’s Revival (Washington,energy depends on natural gas….Russia could freeze. ” 152Ukraine stealing our gas….Russia should become more closely

  10. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

  11. Military-Technical Cooperation Between Russia and China: Current State and Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KASHIN, Vasily

    2013-01-01

    exports in the early 2000s, and to a crisis after Russia’sRussia, stated that the Chinese share of the total Russian defense exports

  12. Radioactive Waste Management and Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Progress in Iraq - 13216

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Musawi, Fouad; Shamsaldin, Emad S.; Jasim, Hadi; Cochran, John R.

    2013-07-01

    Management of Iraq's radioactive wastes and decommissioning of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are the responsibility of Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST). The majority of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are in the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located a few kilometers from the edge of Baghdad. These facilities include bombed and partially destroyed research reactors, a fuel fabrication facility and radioisotope production facilities. Within these facilities are large numbers of silos, approximately 30 process or waste storage tanks and thousands of drums of uncharacterised radioactive waste. There are also former nuclear facilities/sites that are outside of Al-Tuwaitha and these include the former uranium processing and waste storage facility at Jesira, the dump site near Adaya, the former centrifuge facility at Rashdiya and the former enrichment plant at Tarmiya. In 2005, Iraq lacked the infrastructure needed to decommission its nuclear facilities and manage its radioactive wastes. The lack of infrastructure included: (1) the lack of an organization responsible for decommissioning and radioactive waste management, (2) the lack of a storage facility for radioactive wastes, (3) the lack of professionals with experience in decommissioning and modern waste management practices, (4) the lack of laws and regulations governing decommissioning or radioactive waste management, (5) ongoing security concerns, and (6) limited availability of electricity and internet. Since its creation eight years ago, the MoST has worked with the international community and developed an organizational structure, trained staff, and made great progress in managing radioactive wastes and decommissioning Iraq's former nuclear facilities. This progress has been made, despite the very difficult implementing conditions in Iraq. Within MoST, the Radioactive Waste Treatment and Management Directorate (RWTMD) is responsible for waste management and the Iraqi Decommissioning Directorate (IDD) is responsible for decommissioning activities. The IDD and the RWTMD work together on decommissioning projects. The IDD has developed plans and has completed decommissioning of the GeoPilot Facility in Baghdad and the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) in Al-Tuwaitha. Given this experience, the IDD has initiated work on more dangerous facilities. Plans are being developed to characterize, decontaminate and decommission the Tamuz II Research Reactor. The Tammuz Reactor was destroyed by an Israeli air-strike in 1981 and the Tammuz II Reactor was destroyed during the First Gulf War in 1991. In addition to being responsible for managing the decommissioning wastes, the RWTMD is responsible for more than 950 disused sealed radioactive sources, contaminated debris from the first Gulf War and (approximately 900 tons) of naturally-occurring radioactive materials wastes from oil production in Iraq. The RWTMD has trained staff, rehabilitated the Building 39 Radioactive Waste Storage building, rehabilitated portions of the French-built Radioactive Waste Treatment Station, organized and secured thousands of drums of radioactive waste organized and secured the stores of disused sealed radioactive sources. Currently, the IDD and the RWTMD are finalizing plans for the decommissioning of the Tammuz II Research Reactor. (authors)

  13. Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinman, L.

    1993-04-01

    The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

  14. Iraq challenges sanctions, offers 4.5 million b/d developable capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, T.R. [Stauffer (Thomas R.), Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-04-10

    The prospective oil deals of the century were unveiled last month in Baghdad at the unlikely venue of the first international oil conference in Iraq in decades. In a dramatic twist Iraq detailed 33 oil fields that are now open for joint development with foreign partners. The productive capacity of the listed fields totals some 4.5 million b/d, and the underlying proved reserves exceed 50 billion bbl--equal to more than US and Canadian reserves combined. Reversing its prior compulsive secretiveness concerning oil affairs, the government cleared at the highest level the proposal to publicize the available resources and to offer corroborative detail. ``Four and a half million b/d is an awful lot of oil,`` noted one foreign oilman who was loath to be quoted because his company feared possible reprisals in the US. The economic bait was both clear and enticing. Iraq chose the public forum to signal to the world the gains that could accrue to the first countries that break with the US over continuing the sanctions. The paper discusses the political impacts, the substantial offerings, exploitation costs, and bypassing sanctions.

  15. The economic development of oil-exporting countries: The case of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, M.A.

    1988-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to measure the response of Iraqi development to the influx of oil-export revenues. The study employs several econometric techniques using data from 1960 to 1980. From 1960 to 1980, Iraq achieved remarkable economic growth, a high rate of investment and employment, more equitable income distribution, a favorable balance of trade, and a stabilized economy. The 1972 government takeover of oil industries and the oil price boom of 1973 brought even more unprecedented growth and prosperity to the nation. Despite this remarkable performance however, the economic structure of Iraq remains dominated by the oil-export sector. In other words, Iraq's ability to reduce its dependence on oil revenues has been constructed because home sectors were not yet developed sufficiently to provide outputs and revenues needed by the country. Recommendations include development of policies designed to link the oil export sector with the rest of the economy, to encourage more investment by the private sector, to expand and improve the productivity of the agricultural and industrial sectors, and to develop inter-nation regional cooperatives capable of expanding the market for locally produced goods.

  16. The Reception of Gerhart Hauptmann's Dramas in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Findlay, Roger L.

    1997-01-01

    The reception of Gerhart Hauptmann's dramas in nineteenth-century Russia began in 1889 with the Russian review of Vor Sonnenaufgang as performed in Germany. Hanneles Himmelfahrt was the first play by Hauptmann to be staged ...

  17. Background In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 146 months before the invasion with the 178 months after it.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chazelle, Bernard

    , invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14·6 months before the invasion with the 17·8 months after it. Methods A cluster sample survey was undertaken throughout Iraq during September invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces

  18. Taking Women Seriously Makes us Smarter about the US War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enloe, Cynthia

    2006-01-01

    to one of the main “the- atres of action” – this is how militaries talk. So you are a mechanic and you have been deployed with your unit to Kuwait, which is one of the main staging grounds used by the U.S. government for its operations in Iraq.... Negotiations with the Kuwaiti government went on long before the Bush Administration was willing to talk about engaging; we now know that started in about 2002. These diplo- matic negotiations take a lot of time. So you’re stationed in Kuwait. Here’s the reason...

  19. Crustal Structure of Iraq from Receiver Functions and Surface Wave Dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gok, R; Mahdi, H; Al-Shukri, H; Rodgers, A J

    2006-08-31

    We report the crustal structure of Iraq, located in the northeastern Arabian plate, estimated by joint inversion of P-wave receiver functions and surface wave group velocity dispersion. Receiver functions were computed from teleseismic recordings at two temporary broadband seismic stations in Mosul (MSL) and Baghdad (BHD), separated by approximately 360 km. Group velocity dispersion curves at the sites were derived from continental-scale tomography of Pasyanos (2006). The inversion results show that the crustal thicknesses are 39 km at MSL and 43 km at BHD. Both sites reveal low velocity surface layers consistent with sedimentary thickness of about 3 km at station MSL and 7 km at BHD, agreeing well with the existing models. Ignoring the sediments, the crustal velocities and thicknesses are remarkably similar between the two stations, suggesting that the crustal structure of the proto-Arabian Platform in northern Iraq was uniform before subsidence and deposition of the sediments in the Cenozoic. Deeper low velocity sediments at BHD are expected to result in higher ground motions for earthquakes.

  20. The perils and pitfalls of business in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spears, R.B.

    1995-09-01

    It is not for the lack of trying that few Western oil companies have profitable operations in Russia. Quite the contrary. Every oil company with a thirst for opportunity has searched that once-forbidden region for deals. This gold rush was triggered by an apparent crying need or Western know-how and capital, but appearances in Russia often widely differ from reality. Hype of early oil ventures set a false tone of promise, but company and company came home poorer and wiser. The gold rush went bust. Now in the fourth year of the West`s involvement in Russia`s oilfields, operators are soberly evaluating their prospects. Even while signals are encouraging the West, like a reduction in export tariffs and some progress on contract law, a remarkable event is occuring that throws out many Western arguments for continuing involvement and investment: On their own, the Russians are arresting their production decline and have increased output. This will have immediate and long term effects on Westerners. First, it lends credibility to Russian voices demanding that Mother Russia not sign away its precious resources to foreigners. Second, it encourages trade barriers to protect domestic industry. Third, it weakens the bargaining position of Westerners. Fourth, it reduces the options available to Western operators. What remains will be E&P opportunities where Western technology and capital really can play a role-complex reservoirs, hostile environments-but poor contract terms.

  1. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  2. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    natural resources in Russia for export to their homegas produced in Russia for export to the same destination is351 As a result, Russia had to export more and more crude

  3. Web MSNBC Search Alerts Newsletters RSS Help MSN Home Hotmail Sign In Conflict in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3,000 deaths, the vast majority in Haiti, and $45 billion in damage in the United States alone, the United States among them, have chosen France as the site for a $13 billion experimental nuclear fusion by Japan, the United States, South Korea, Russia, China and the European Union, but the six parties had

  4. Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

  5. Russia to import more goods for upstream projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-12

    This paper reports that Russia is stepping up its imports of petroleum hardware. In the latest developments; Nippon Steel Corp. and C. Itoh and Co. Ltd., Tokyo, signed contracts to provide Russia $300 million worth of export credits for steel pipe and undisclosed drilling equipment; Nizhnevartovskneftegaz, a Russian oil and gas production association, asked the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a $60 million loan to buy western oil and gas equipment. The hardware, mostly pipe, tools, pumps, and workover rigs, will be used in part to return shut-in wells to production.

  6. Chaos and Cossacks, two fatal vendettas : the invasions of Russia in 1708 and 1812

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollander, Samuel, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: There were two invasions of Russia by foreign powers in the early eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Charles XII of Sweden entered Russia in 1708 and was destroyed in battle outside Poltava in 1709. Napoleon ...

  7. DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement January 12, 2007 - 9:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -...

  8. U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy...

  9. Culture and History Matter: Russia's Search for Identity after the Fall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Maria

    2007-04-11

    Maria Carlson, professor and associate chair of Slavic Languages and Literatures at KU, presented the lecture “Culture and History Matter: Russia’s Search for Identity After the Fall” as the 2007 KU faculty speaker in the ...

  10. United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

  11. United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the...

  12. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    112 Norway, state management, and investment in the ECT:gas imports from Russia and Norway (EU-15) 101gas imports from Russia and Norway (EU-27) 101

  13. Brazil, Florianpolis Exchange Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Brazil, Florianópolis Exchange Program Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (UNISUL) Brazil, one Culture through Music and Cinema (Beg./Int. level), (Alternative Media and Social Movements in Brazil (int Economics in the Age of Globalization: focus in Brazil Consumer Behavior Ethnicity and Society

  14. BRAZIL RESEARCH INITIATIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    BRAZIL RESEARCH INITIATIVES Michigan State University (MSU) identifies Brazil as a global priority and challenges become increasingly part of the U.S.-Brazil agenda, MSU desires partnerships aimed at producing in the U.S. and one in Brazil, to share research strategies and explore joint projects in several research

  15. Labelling and Packaging in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavalcante, Tania M; World Health Organization

    2003-01-01

    Labelling and Packaging in Brazil Tania Maria Cavalcante11 337 8805 Labelling and Packaging in Brazil Introductionchoosing Labelling and Packaging in Brazil about hazards is

  16. Carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of the Middle Riphean type section (Avzyan Formation, Southern Urals, Russia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kah, Linda

    Urals, Russia): Signal recovery in a fold-and-thrust belt Julie K. Bartley a,, Linda C. Kah b , Julie L The Avzyan Formation of the southern Ural Mountains, Russia, forms part of the Middle Riphean (1300­1000 Ma Mesoproterozoic age. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Mesoproterozoic; Russia; Urals; Carbonate

  17. Tetrapod localities from the Triassic of the SE of European Russia Valentin P. Tverdokhlebova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    of the southern Urals area of European Russia. The first sites were found in the 1940s, and subsequent surveys B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Permian; Triassic; Tetrapod; Amphibian; Reptile; Russia; UralsTetrapod localities from the Triassic of the SE of European Russia Valentin P. Tverdokhlebova

  18. Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia Valentin P in the Upper Permian of the Southern Urals area of European Russia. The first sites were found in the 1940s; Amphibian; Reptile; Russia; Urals; Stratigraphy 1. Introduction The end-Permian crisis was the largest mass

  19. Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Provides an assessment of the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The report was prepared in cooperation with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is part of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP).

  20. A Study to Assess Needed Improvements and Barriers in Planning and Delivering Agricultural Extension Activities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoshnaw, Yousif Khalid

    2013-07-22

    The purpose of this study was to assess planning and delivering agricultural extension activities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq for future program implementation. The study was a descriptive research and used a modified ...

  1. Collateral Damage In Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Jason Scott

    2010-07-28

    Collateral Damage in Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death This dissertation investigates the tendencies, attitudes, beliefs, ideologies, and narratives that citizens in the Pacific...

  2. Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. -Print Version -International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. - Print Version - International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. John Deutch The New York. This is true whether we are acting alone, as is largely the case in Iraq, or as part of an international

  3. Demonstration of a PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John C. Trocciola; Thomas N. Pompa; Linda S. Boyd

    2004-09-01

    This project involved the installation of a 200kW PC25C{trademark} phosphoric-acid fuel cell power plant at Orgenergogaz, a Gazprom industrial site in Russia. In April 1997, a PC25C{trademark} was sold by ONSI Corporation to Orgenergogaz, a subsidiary of the Russian company ''Gazprom''. Due to instabilities in the Russian financial markets, at that time, the unit was never installed and started by Orgenergogaz. In October of 2001 International Fuel Cells (IFC), now known as UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), received a financial assistance award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entitled ''Demonstration of PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia''. Three major tasks were part of this award: the inspection of the proposed site and system, start-up assistance, and installation and operation of the powerplant.

  4. Evidences of global warming for various regions of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batyreva, O.V.; Pischehko, V.A.; Vilfand, R.M.; Vasiliev, A.A.

    1997-12-31

    The automatical classification of mean monthly temperature fields of Russia was carried out. The data of 42 years in regular grid-points 5 x 10{degree} of Northern Hemisphere were used. The combination of land`s algorithm of K-averages was applied. The increasing of prevailing occurrence of warm types during last decades was discovered. It turned out that different regions had different dynamics of type occurrences.

  5. United States-Russia: Environmental management activities, Summer 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    A Joint Coordinating Committee for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (JCCEM) was formed between the US and Russia. This report describes the areas of research being studied under JCCEM, namely: Efficient separations; Contaminant transport and site characterization; Mixed wastes; High level waste tank remediation; Transuranic stabilization; Decontamination and decommissioning; and Emergency response. Other sections describe: Administrative framework for cooperation; Scientist exchange; Future actions; Non-JCCEM DOE-Russian activities; and JCCEM publications.

  6. Current status and prospects of research on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion in 2009 in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grishina, I. A.; Ivanov, V. A.; Kovrizhnykh, L. M.

    2010-12-15

    Papers presented at the XXXVII International Zvenigorod Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion in Russia are reviewed, and the main research directions are analyzed.

  7. HITIQA: A Data Driven Approach to Interactive Analytical Question Sharon Small and Tomek Strzalkowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the nuclear arms program be- tween Russia and Iraq? HITIQA: [responses and clarifications] User: Who financed the nuclear arms program in Iraq? HITIQA:... User: Has Iraq been able to import uranium? HITIQA:... User: What type of debt does exist between Iraq and Russia? FIGURE 1a: A fragment of analytic session 2 Factoid vs

  8. Plasma activities in Russia and in the newly independent states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vursel, P.B. [Plasmasil Co. Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation); Camacho, S. [Plasma Technology Corp., Raleigh, NC (United States)

    1995-12-31

    In addition to plasma technologies designed and applied in Russia and NIS (Vursel, et al, 1993) several new technologies had been explored and found practical application within the last few years: wastes (W) treatment (solid W in plasma furnaces, liquid radioactive W in HF plasma, gaseous W in flue gas and atmospheric impurities in nonequilibrium plasma (NEP)); deposition of films and coatings for different purposes in NEP; production of powders with ordered properties; surface modification in NEP; and improvement of traditional technologies for increasing ecological, economical, technical characteristics.

  9. Letter to Russia (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journalspectroscopy ofArticle) | SciTech Connect Learning How toLetter to Russia

  10. Russia and Eurasian Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting inServicesRecoveryRhode IslandSoft Costs »Russia

  11. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01

    Rate and Job Flows in Brazil,” Journal of Policy Reform,intensive occupations in Brazil’s traded-goods sector isinput tari? (in z jt ). Brazil’s nominal exchange rate is

  12. INTERNATIONALIZING BRAZIL’S UNIVERSITIES: Creating Coherent National Policies Must Be a Priority

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobel, Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    INTERNATIONALIZING BRAZIL’S UNIVERSITIES: Creating Coherentalternatives. How will Brazil fare in this competition foreducation study programs, Brazil must deal with a number of

  13. Sedimentology, diagenesis, and oil habitat of Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group, Northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al Shdidi, S.; Thomas, G.; Delfaud, J. [Avenue de l`Universite, Pau (France)

    1995-05-01

    The Zagros basin (Iraq) constitutes a rich petroleum province. The Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group comprises on of its major reservoirs. Data from about 30 wells, drilled in a limited sector corresponding to a northwest-southeast anticlinal structure situated in the Kirkuk region, permit analysis of serveral sedimentological and diagenetic events that led to the formation of this reservoir. Facies changes took place and divided the structure into three parts: the northwestern part in which neritic facies dominate, the central part in which basinal influence is considerable, and the southeastern part that shows basinal mudstone type facies. The Lower Cretaceous carbonate platform in the northwestern part of the study area displays good primary porosity. During the course of burial, high secondary porosity related to dolomitization appeared. However, a major part of the porosity was produced when the reservoir was fractured during the Priabonian after the collision between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. Lopatin`s method suggests that organic matter maturation started during the Turonian (around 90 MA), whereas most of the maturation developed during the Miocene due to the rapid accumulation of foreland basin sediments containing evaporite facies (lower Fars Formation) followed by the accumulation of thick upper molasse-type sediments from the erosion of the Zagros Mountains. The accumulation of sediments enhanced the total tectonic subsidence. During this period, the relatively brief time spent by the source rock in a given temperature interval was compensated for by a rapid rise in temperature. This late thermal maturation period controlled most of the transformation of the organic matter into hydrocarbons.

  14. Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biasutti, Michela

    Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five centuries. The data are drawn principally from three regions: the Urals, southwest Siberia, and northeast

  15. Seismic characterization of the fall 2007 eruptive sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Michael

    Seismic characterization of the fall 2007 eruptive sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Russia Weston of Geophysical Services, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petropavlosk, Russia d Cascade Volcano Observatory, United classification scheme. Low-frequency tremor, interpreted as gas escape, and low-frequency earthquakes

  16. Presidential Address 2007: The end-Permian mass extinction events on land in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    Presidential Address 2007: The end-Permian mass extinction ­ events on land in Russia Michael J. Benton BENTON, M. J. 2008. The end-Permian mass extinction ­ events on land in Russia. Proceedings dioxide ­ a greenhouse gas ­ as well as acid rain, which killed plants and led to stripping of soils

  17. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    portal/energy/data/database. B. Barkanov Chapter Four: RussiaRussia’s transit demands. 863 “About the Treaty,” accessed December 9, 2011, http://www.energy- community.org/portal/

  18. Preservation of exceptional vertebrate assemblages in Middle Permian fluviolacustrine mudstones of Kotel'nich, Russia: stratigraphy, sedimentology,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    of Kotel'nich, Russia: stratigraphy, sedimentology, and taphonomy Michael J. Benton a, , Andrew J. Newell b

  19. Magnetostratigraphy of Permian/Triassic boundary sequences in the Cis-Urals, Russia: No evidence for a major temporal hiatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    Magnetostratigraphy of Permian/Triassic boundary sequences in the Cis-Urals, Russia: No evidence sections spanning the Permian Triassic Boundary (PTB) of the SE Urals in the Orenburg region of Russia, Astrakhanskaya 83, 410075 Saratov, Russia a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 6 June

  20. International initiative to engage Iraq's science and technology community : report on the priorities of the Iraqi science and technology community.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Munir, Ammar M. (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Alnajjar, Abdalla Abdelaziz (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2004-05-01

    This report describes the findings of the effort initiated by the Arab Science and Technology Foundation and the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories to identify, contact, and engage members of the Iraqi science and technology (S&T) community. The initiative is divided into three phases. The first phase, the survey of the Iraqi scientific community, shed light on the most significant current needs in the fields of science and technology in Iraq. Findings from the first phase will lay the groundwork for the second phase that includes the organization of a workshop to bring international support for the initiative, and simultaneously decides on an implementation mechanism. Phase three involves the execution of outcomes of the report as established in the workshop. During Phase 1 the survey team conducted a series of trips to Iraq during which they had contact with nearly 200 scientists from all sections of the country, representing all major Iraqi S&T specialties. As a result of these contacts, the survey team obtained over 450 project ideas from Iraqi researchers. These projects were revised and analyzed to identify priorities and crucial needs. After refinement, the result is approximately 170 project ideas that have been categorized according to their suitability for (1) developing joint research projects with international partners, (2) engaging Iraqi scientists in solving local problems, and (3) developing new business opportunities. They have also been ranked as to high, medium, or low priority.

  1. Mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis in Iraq. Final report, January-April 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swahn, I.D.; Brzezinski, J.H.

    1996-11-01

    The U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center has developed mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis equipment to collect environmental samples in highly contaminated areas. This equipment is being used by the United Nations Special Commission at the Baghdad Monitoring and Verification Center (BMVC), which provides long-term monitoring of dual-purpose chemical sites in Iraq, especially those with potential for chemical warfare (CW) production. A mobile laboratory was set-up in the BMVC to prepare and analyze samples collected throughout Iraq. Automatic air samplers were installed at various sites to collect vapor samples on absorption tubes that were analyzed using a gas chromatographic (GC) flame photometric detector (FPD). Mobile sample collection kits were used to collect solid, liquid, air, and wipe samples during challenge inspections. These samples were prepared using a sample preparation kit, which concentrates CW agent, breakdown products, and their precursors in complex matrices down to sub part per million levels for chemical analysis by a GC mass selective detector (MSD). This report describes the problems and solutions encountered with setting up a self-sufficient mobile analytical laboratory. Details of the various components associated with the laboratory and the collection kits are included.

  2. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    /aluminum cans Munitions and other unexploded ordnance Petroleum and lubricant products Plastics and styrofoam across the country have filed numerous lawsuits which have been consolidated in the United States, National Guard personnel, contract employees and others serving our country in Iraq and/or Afghanistan

  3. Nuclear proliferation: Learning from the Iraq experience. Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, October 17 and 23, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Most of this hearings record is devoted to brief statements to the committee and prepared statements submitted for the record by: (1) Dr. David Kay, Deputy Leader, IAEA Action Team for Nuclear Inspections; and (2) Dr. Hans Blix, Director General, IAEA. Dr. Kay spent considerable time in Iraq during the seven IAEA inspections of Iraqi facilities between May 14-23, 1991 and October 11-21, 1991. He says (1) it is overwhelmingly clear that Iraq had a clandestine nuclear weapons program of considerable breadth; and (2) there is a very high probability that Iraq is still withholding information from the inspection effort of the IAEA. He concludes that IAEA, with firm backing of the U.N. Security Council and a minimum of constraints, has a substantial proven capacity to carry out inspections. Dr. Blix reviews briefly the history of the IAEA inspection effort, starting with the 1950s' Atoms for Peace Program. He emphasizes that the one factor that enabled IAEA inspectors to find out in 5 months in Iraq what had not been uncovered in 10 years, was intelligence information; further, IAEA will make special efforts in the future to obtain such intelligence information.

  4. BRAZIL, Belo Horizonte Exchange Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    BRAZIL, Belo Horizonte Exchange Program Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) Brazil, one and Carnival. Belo Horizonte is the 1st planned city in Brazil and is the capital of Minas Gerais. It has transportation, and spending money. These fees are paid in Brazil and are estimated at R$1,800 Real per month

  5. Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

    2010-10-01

    Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

  6. Essays on Municipal Public Finance in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Rachel Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    on Municipal Public Finance in Brazil By Rachel Elizabethon Municipal Public Finance in Brazil by Rachel Elizabethlocal public finance in Brazil, with a focus on how federal

  7. Main Principles of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia - 13333

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baryshnikov, Mikhail

    2013-07-01

    For the last several years the System of the Spent Nuclear Fuel management in Russia was seriously changed. The paper describes the main principles of the changes and the bases of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia. Among such the bases there are the theses with the interesting names like 'total knowledge', 'pollutant pays' and 'pay and forget'. There is also a brief description of the modern Russian SNF Management Infrastructure. And an outline of the whole System. The System which is - in case of Russia - is quite necessary to adjust SNF accumulation and to utilize the nuclear heritage. (authors)

  8. Economic Study of Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage and Reprocessing Practices in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. E. Singer; G. H. Miley

    1997-10-01

    This report describes a study of nuclear power economics in Russia. It addresses political and institutional background factors which constrain Russia's energy choices in the short and intermediate run. In the approach developed here, political and institutional factors might dominate short-term decisions, but the comparative costs of Russia's fuel-cycle options are likely to constrain her long-term energy strategy. To this end, the authors have also formulated a set of policy questions which should be addressed using a quantitative decision modeling which analyzes economic costs for all major components of different fuel cycle options, including the evolution of uranium prices.

  9. Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits Iraq

  10. 21H.466 Imperial and Revolutionary Russia: Culture and Politics, Fall 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Elizabeth A.

    At the beginning of the eighteenth century Russia began to come into its own as a major European power. Members of the Russian intellectual classes increasingly compared themselves and their autocratic order to states and ...

  11. Rescaling space, recapturing power : the role of Russia's Federal Districts in Putin's recentralizing project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaladiouk, Ksenia M

    2014-01-01

    In the course of Russia's history-as an imperial, Soviet and post-Soviet state-the central government has repeatedly used spatial interventions, such as the manipulation of internal borders, to strengthen control over its ...

  12. Anthropogenic Disturbance of Western Gray Whale Behavior Off Sakhalin Island, Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gailey, Glenn Andrew

    2013-05-14

    , the western gray whale population face several threats to their future survival. On their only known feeding grounds off the northeastern coast of Sakhalin Island, Russia, anthropogenic activity has increased in the past decade due to oil and gas exploration...

  13. Social Structure and Development: A Legacy of the Holocaust in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    We document a statistical association between the severity of the persecution, displacement and mass murder of Jews by the Nazis during World War II and long-run economic and political outcomes within Russia. Cities that ...

  14. ENOC 2008, Saint Petersburg, Russia, June, 30July, 4 2008 TIME-DELAYED FEEDBACK CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiedler, Bernold

    ENOC 2008, Saint Petersburg, Russia, June, 30­July, 4 2008 TIME-DELAYED FEEDBACK CONTROL and Socolar, 2001; Pyra- gas, Pyragas and Benner, 2004; Pyragas and Pyragas, 2006]. We have refuted

  15. Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (Rosatom) Director General Sergey Kirienko held talks in Washington, D.C., about the future of U.S.-Russia collaborative work in the nuclear energy field, including nuclear...

  16. "Centrifugal Forces," Spring, 2015 Centrifugal Forces: Reading Russia's Regional Identities and Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    "Centrifugal Forces," Spring, 2015 Centrifugal Forces: Reading Russia's Regional Identities and articulating their particular identities and interests. Proposals for "Centrifugal Forces" will resist "Moscow and periphery. "Centrifugal Forces" will be a three-day conference offering broad interdisciplinary perspectives

  17. Groundwater monitoring program plan and conceptual site model for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center in Iraq.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copland, John Robin; Cochran, John Russell

    2013-07-01

    The Radiation Protection Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Environment is developing a groundwater monitoring program (GMP) for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located near Baghdad, Iraq. The Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center was established in about 1960 and is currently being cleaned-up and decommissioned by Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology. This Groundwater Monitoring Program Plan (GMPP) and Conceptual Site Model (CSM) support the Radiation Protection Center by providing:A CSM describing the hydrogeologic regime and contaminant issues,recommendations for future groundwater characterization activities, anddescriptions of the organizational elements of a groundwater monitoring program. The Conceptual Site Model identifies a number of potential sources of groundwater contamination at Al-Tuwaitha. The model also identifies two water-bearing zones (a shallow groundwater zone and a regional aquifer). The depth to the shallow groundwater zone varies from approximately 7 to 10 meters (m) across the facility. The shallow groundwater zone is composed of a layer of silty sand and fine sand that does not extend laterally across the entire facility. An approximately 4-m thick layer of clay underlies the shallow groundwater zone. The depth to the regional aquifer varies from approximately 14 to 17 m across the facility. The regional aquifer is composed of interfingering layers of silty sand, fine-grained sand, and medium-grained sand. Based on the limited analyses described in this report, there is no severe contamination of the groundwater at Al-Tuwaitha with radioactive constituents. However, significant data gaps exist and this plan recommends the installation of additional groundwater monitoring wells and conducting additional types of radiological and chemical analyses.

  18. Nationalizing Sacher-Masoch: A Curious Case of Cultural Reception in Russia and Ukraine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chernetsky, Vitaly

    2008-08-01

    Curious Case of Cultural Reception in Russia and Ukraine Vitaly Chernetsky Comparative Literature Studies, Volume 45, Number 4, 2008, pp. 471-490 (Article) Published by Penn State University Press For additional information about this article..., University Park, PA. 471 nationalizing sacher-masoch: a curious case of cultural reception in russia and ukraine Vitaly Chernetsky Few writers can rival Leopold von Sacher-Masoch in the degree of notoriety that has accompanied his name. To an even...

  19. Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Russia and Chelyabinsk Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

    2012-01-01

    Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This paper reviews opportunities to implement energy efficiency projects in Russian public buildings, created by new Russian legislation and regulations. Given Russia's limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. The authors use Chelyabinsk Region as an example to discuss opportunities, challenges and solutions to financing and implementing an EPC in Russia, navigating through federal requirements and specific local conditions.

  20. Corrupting Learning: Evidence From Missing Federal Education Funds in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraz, Claudio; Finan, Frederico; Moreira, Diana B

    2012-01-01

    from rural northeast Brazil. Oxford: Oxford Universityncia Brasil. 2005. “Brazil: The Hidden Cost of DecentralizedPoliciticans: The E?ects of Brazil’s Publicily Released

  1. Lithostratigraphy and environmental considerations of Cenomanian-Early Turonian shelf carbonates (Rumaila and Mishrif Formations) of Mesopotamian basin, middle and southern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherwani, G.H.M.; Aqrawi, A.A.M.

    1987-05-01

    Rumaila and Mishrif Formations form the major part of the Cenomanian early Turonian deposits of middle and southern Iraq. The Rumaila Formation consists of lithographic chalky limestone at the lower part and marly limestone and marl at the upper part. The formation represents deep off-shelf deposits, whereas the overlying Mishrif Formation is composed of various types of shallow-shelf carbonates such as rudist-bearing patchy reefs and lagoonal and off-shelf limestones. An environmental model is suggested to delineate the stratigraphic relationships between the above mentioned two formations and to correlate them with their equivalents in central Iraq (i.e., Mahilban, Fahad, and Maotsi Formations). The gradational contact between the two formations and the intertonguing with their equivalents are considered to be the most important stratigraphic phenomena.

  2. Stopping the emergence of nuclear weapon states in the Third World: An examination of the Iraq weapons inspection program. Study project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, D.A.

    1993-01-31

    The end of the Gulf War and the implementation of United Nation (UN) resolutions uncovered an Iraqi multi-billion dollar nuclear weapons program. Iraq's ability to pursue this clandestine program for more than a decade, despite periodic inspections, suggest that the myriad of treaties and agreements designed to curb proliferation may be inadequate. Clearly more must be done to deter and counter the spread of these deadly weapon. The UN weapons inspections in Iraq provide insight into possible solutions to the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology in the developing world. This study examines the policy and operational aspects associated with an intrusive United Nations inspection program. In its final analysis, this paper suggests that an effective challenge inspection program is a necessary element in countering the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Further, it suggests that the UN, as the only internationally accepted enforcement organization, be fully engaged in nonproliferation issues and support the challenge inspection program.

  3. EU, U.S., Russia, Asian States Sign Nuclear-Fusion Reactor May 24 (Bloomberg) --The European Union, the U.S., Russia and Asian nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -gas emissions from fossil fuels, rising oil prices and worries about the safety of existing nuclear plantsEurope EU, U.S., Russia, Asian States Sign Nuclear-Fusion Reactor Pact May 24 (Bloomberg nuclear-fusion reactor, forging ahead with a 4.6 billion- euro ($5.9 billion) project to cut oil demand

  4. Short-Period Seismic Noise in Vorkuta (Russia)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kishkina, S B; Spivak, A A; Sweeney, J J

    2008-05-15

    Cultural development of new subpolar areas of Russia is associated with a need for detailed seismic research, including both mapping of regional seismicity and seismic monitoring of specific mining enterprises. Of special interest are the northern territories of European Russia, including shelves of the Kara and Barents Seas, Yamal Peninsula, and the Timan-Pechora region. Continuous seismic studies of these territories are important now because there is insufficient seismological knowledge of the area and an absence of systematic data on the seismicity of the region. Another task of current interest is the necessity to consider the seismic environment in the design, construction, and operation of natural gas extracting enterprises such as the construction of the North European Gas Pipeline. Issues of scientific importance for seismic studies in the region are the complex geodynamical setting, the presence of permafrost, and the complex tectonic structure. In particular, the Uralian Orogene (Fig. 1) strongly affects the propagation of seismic waves. The existing subpolar seismic stations [APA (67,57{sup o}N; 33,40{sup o}E), LVZ (67,90{sup o}N; 34,65{sup o}E), and NRIL (69,50{sup o}N; 88,40{sup o}E)] do not cover the extensive area between the Pechora and Ob Rivers (Fig. 1). Thus seismic observations in the Vorkuta area, which lies within the area of concern, represent a special interest. Continuous recording at a seismic station near the city of Vorkuta (67,50{sup o}N; 64,11{sup o}E) [1] has been conducted since 2005 for the purpose of regional seismic monitoring and, more specifically, detection of seismic signals caused by local mining enterprises. Current surveys of local seismic noise [7,8,9,11], are particularly aimed at a technical survey for the suitability of the site for installation of a small-aperture seismic array, which would include 10-12 recording instruments, with the Vorkuta seismic station as the central element. When constructed, this seismic array will considerably improve the recording capacity of regional and local seismic events. It will allow detection of signatures of seismic waves propagating in submeridional and sublatitudinal directions. The latter is of special interest not only to access the influence of the Urals on propagation patterns of seismic waves, but also to address other questions, such as the structure and dynamic characteristics of the internal dynamo of the Earth [9,13]. Recording seismic waves at low angular distances from seismically active subpolar zones will allow us to collect data on vortical and convective movements in subpolar lithosphere blocks and at the boundary of the inner core of the Earth, possibly giving essential clues to the modeling of the Earth's electromagnetic field [3,13]. The present study considers basic features of seismic noise at the Vorkuta station obtained through the analysis of seismic records from March, 2006 till December, 2007.

  5. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    Experts Panel: Energy Security and the G8 Summit,” RussiaF.Umbach, “Global energy security and the implications forinvestments, LTCs, and energy security were very similar to

  6. Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

    2009-01-01

    then I compare the politics of nuclear policy in Russia andpaper, I discussed the politics of nuclear energy regulationNuclear Energy Regulation and the Politics of Social

  7. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    have been described above: energy security is now discussedExperts Panel: Energy Security and the G8 Summit,” RussiaMankoff, “Eurasian energy security, Council on Foreign

  8. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company and development of the Arctic Shelf of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velikhov, E.P.

    1994-09-01

    The Russian {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company for developing the shelf is the nucleus of a new branch of industry for developing oil and gas fields on shelves of Russia, primarily in the Arctic. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes}, created on the basis of leading naval defence enterprises, Russia`s largest geological and mining enterprises, and territorial organizations managing the northern regions of Russia, obtained a license in March 1993 for the right to use the natural resources of Europe`s largest Shtokman gas-condensate field and Prirazlomnoe oil field in the Barents Sea and thus has all the conditions and possibilities for the successful organization of oil and gas production on the continental shelf of Russia. The goals of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} are: the production of oil and gas equipment at converted defence enterprises, including under foreign license and for export; the development of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of Russia; the creation of new prospective technologies for offshore oil and gas production under conditions of the Russian and mainly the arctic shelf. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} should develop the Pechora Sea fields, mainly the Prirazlomnoe oil field with its relatively small depth and distance from the shore. It is planned to develop Europe`s largest Shtokman field at a distance of 600 km from the shore in the course of 10-12 years with expenditures of about $6 billion. The use of defence technologies underlying the activities of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} gives the company a real change to reach the world level of offshore oil- and gas-production technology. Broad cooperation with foreign companies, mainly in the area of engineering, finances, ecology, and safety, planned also for this. Calculations show that already the priority projects of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} will provide 250,000-300,000 highly skilled jobs at Russian defence enterprises.

  9. Incentive Aspects of Revenue Sharing: Central and Regional Government in Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plekhanov, Alexander

    Plekhanov1 Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge 8 Harvey Road, Cambridge, CB1 2ET, UK E-mail: ap339@cam.ac.uk 15 July 2004 I. Introduction In a federation as huge and heterogeneous as Russia the role of governance and economic policies... at the regional level is of particular importance for economic development. But Russian regional authorities are deprived of traditional fiscal instruments: all taxes in Russia are collected by the federal Ministry of Tax Collection and are subsequently...

  10. Calcretes, fluviolacustrine sediments and subsidence patterns in Permo-Triassic salt-walled minibasins of the south Urals, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    -walled minibasins of the south Urals, Russia ANDREW J. NEWELL*, MICHAEL J. BENTON , TIMOTHY KEARSEYà, GRAEME TAYLOR Institute of Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaya 83, 410075 Saratov, Russia Associate Editor ­ Xavier of the Kul'chumovo salt minibasin near Orenburg in the south Urals in which sediments were deposited

  11. Cross-avenue politics : the case of Colombia and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachon Buitrago, Monica

    2008-01-01

    the Pragmatic Vote in Brazil’s 2006 Presidential Election,”Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University of2003. “Agenda Power in Brazil’s Câmara dos Deputados, 1989

  12. The State and income inequality in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts uponand income inequality in Brazil Journal. 1986;96(383):722–the inequality levels in Brazil would be much higher than

  13. Brazil Trip, 2014 Prepared by Sukant Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    1 Brazil Trip, 2014 Prepared by Sukant Misra 1. The Visits: Sao, National Coordinator of TTU ISD in Brazil. 3. Visits of Institutions of Higher/institutions of Brazil, and are the major players of the Brazilian Scientific Mobility Program

  14. O Que Não Dá Chupa: The Male-to-Female ‘Homosexual’ As Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Diego

    2012-01-01

    Homosexual” As The Star of Brazil’s Economic Boom (earlyof Southern California Two of Brazil’s most re-occurringabout itself are that Brazil is the country of the future,

  15. Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting the Arctic normalized difference vegetation index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Uma

    , Russia. We assess the effects of climate change, gas-field development, reindeer grazing and permafrostSpatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045004 Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological

  16. COMPLETION OF THE FIRST INTEGRATED SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL TRANSSHIPMENT/INTERIM STORAGE FACILITY IN NW RUSSIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dyer, R.S.; Barnes, E.; Snipes, R.L.; Hoeibraaten, S.; Gran, H.C.; Foshaug, E.; Godunov, V.

    2003-02-27

    Northwest and Far East Russia contain large quantities of unsecured spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from decommissioned submarines that potentially threaten the fragile environments of the surrounding Arctic and North Pacific regions. The majority of the SNF from the Russian Navy, including that from decommissioned nuclear submarines, is currently stored in on-shore and floating storage facilities. Some of the SNF is damaged and stored in an unstable condition. Existing Russian transport infrastructure and reprocessing facilities cannot meet the requirements for moving and reprocessing this amount of fuel. Additional interim storage capacity is required. Most of the existing storage facilities being used in Northwest Russia do not meet health and safety, and physical security requirements. The United States and Norway are currently providing assistance to the Russian Federation (RF) in developing systems for managing these wastes. If these wastes are not properly managed, they could release significant concentrations of radioactivity to these sensitive environments and could become serious global environmental and physical security issues. There are currently three closely-linked trilateral cooperative projects: development of a prototype dual-purpose transport and storage cask for SNF, a cask transshipment interim storage facility, and a fuel drying and cask de-watering system. The prototype cask has been fabricated, successfully tested, and certified. Serial production is now underway in Russia. In addition, the U.S. and Russia are working together to improve the management strategy for nuclear submarine reactor compartments after SNF removal.

  17. 7th Int. Symp. "Nanostructures: Physics and Technology" LOED.04 St Petersburg, Russia, June 1418, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    -dimensionalarraysofshort-wavelengthsemiconductorlasersimportant for high-density high-speed optical storage applications. At the same time, fabrication of such devices7th Int. Symp. "Nanostructures: Physics and Technology" LOED.04 St Petersburg, Russia, June 14¨ur Festk¨orperphysik, Technische Universit¨at Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, D-10623 Berlin, Germany Devices

  18. Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Energy Performance Contracts (EPCs) in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

    2012-02-01

    : Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This report overviews the latest developments in the Russian legislation related to energy efficiency in the public sector, describes the major challenges the regulations pose, and proposes ways to overcome these challenges. Given Russia’s limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. This paper discusses how EPCs and other mechanisms can help harness energy savings opportunities in Russia in general, and thus, can be applicable to any Russian region.

  19. Sounding Ceará: Music and the Environment in Northeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvers, Michael Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Cabot. 1865. A Journey in Brazil. Boston: Houghton, OsgoodSamuel. 1991. “Review: Brazil: Forro. Music for Maids andBranca. Accordion Forro from Brazil. ” Latin American Music

  20. A new species of Thelypteris (Thelypteridaceae) from southern Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matos, Fernando B.; Smith, Alan R.; Labiak, Paulo H.

    2010-01-01

    Forests of Northeastern Brazil. Memoirs of the New Yorkin southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 7:Atlantic Coastal Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil. In: W. W.

  1. Abortion in Brazil: Contending Discourses and Women's Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tussi, Fernanda P.

    2010-01-01

    Gender 2010 Abortion in Brazil: contending discourses andthe practice of abortion in Brazil in hope to reach anthe practice of abortion in Brazil. In contrast to the US,

  2. When Crime Pays: Measuring Judicial Efficacy against Corruption in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribeiro de Alencar, Carlos Higino; Gico, Ivo Jr.

    2010-01-01

    for now - crime pays in Brazil. Paginal5de27 ReferencesEfficacy against Corruption in Brazil Carlos Higino Ribeiroa widespread perception in Brazil that civil servants caught

  3. Patent Bargains in NICs: The Case of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Bruno Meyerhof; Benoliel, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    in Sub-Saharan Africa. 100 In Brazil, the illiteracy rate isgeneric medicines sold in Brazil are manufactured locally.Essential Medicines in Brazil: Recent Regulation and Public

  4. Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    1988. The private sector in Brazil owned (in 1986) 40% ofElectricity Conservation in Brazil: Potential and Pro-electricity consumption in Brazil's residential sector was

  5. Regulation and Moral Hazard in Forest Concessions in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balbinotto Neto, Giácomo; Tillmann, Eduardo A; Ratnieks, Ianes

    2012-01-01

    and Forest Concessions in Brazil. Planejamento e Políticaswelfare maximization in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: IPEA, 1998.in Forest Concessions in Brazil Eduardo A. Tillmann MS.

  6. Brazil Week 2014Brazil Week 2014MONDAYMONDAY SEPT. 29SEPT. 29 Brazil Week is sponsored by: And co-sponsored by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Brazil Week 2014Brazil Week 2014MONDAYMONDAY SEPT. 29SEPT. 29 Brazil Week is sponsored by: And co and the Brazil Week 2014 Student Committee. WEDNESDAYWEDNESDAY Oct. 1Oct. 1 THURSDAYTHURSDAY Oct. 2Oct. 2 by Professor Jay Coakley "Winners & LosersJay Coakley "Winners & Losers in Brazil: World Cupin Brazil: World

  7. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    natural gas pipeline transit, competition, investment, and energy security)natural gas, the significance of LTCs, and the threat to energy securitysecurity both in Russia and Europe. For Yazev, the natural gas

  8. ISSN 1054-660X, Laser Physics, 2007, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 14. MAIK "Nauka /Interperiodica" (Russia), 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narevicius, Edvardas

    " (Russia), 2007. Original Text © Astro, Ltd., 2007. This paper is dedicated to the memory of Professor and molecules that can be trapped. These methods include buffer gas cooling [2], Stark decelerator [3], optical

  9. Conductivity corrections in a strongly correlated and disordered two-dimensional electron system Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    . D. Kvon Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia O. Estibals GHMF, MPI-FKF/CNRS, BP. Portal GHMF, MPI-FKF/CNRS, BP-166, F-38042, Grenoble, Cedex 9, France; INSA-Toulouse, 31077, Cedex 4

  10. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01

    Energy Security and the G8 Summit,” Russia Profile July 14,the St. Petersburg G8 291 The grandprocess. In advance of the 2006 G8 summit in St. Petersburg,

  11. Material protection, control and accounting cooperation at the Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP), Novouralsk, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McAllister, S., LLNL

    1998-07-15

    The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is one of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy`s nuclear material production sites participating in the US Department of Energy`s Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program. The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is Russia`s largest uranium enrichment facility and blends tons of high-enriched uranium into low enriched uranium each year as part of the US high-enriched uranium purchase. The Electrochemical Integrated Plant and six participating national laboratories are cooperating to implement a series of enhancements to the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability systems at the site This paper outlines the overall objectives of the MPC&A program at Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant and the work completed as of the date of the presentation.

  12. Desk study of production energy savings control systems feasibility study. (Russia). Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-17

    The objective of the feasibility study is to determine the marketability of heating/ventilating energy conserving control systems in the major city markets of eastern Russia. The second part of the objective is to determine if the existing military based Zelenograd micro-electronic manufacturing and research facility can be utilized to produce Direct Digital Control systems for use within Russia as well as for export to the European Economic Community (EEC) and other countries. Because significant exports of U.S. products and services to support the joint venture are questionable, it is suggested that, potential markets for U.S. products be identified. Sources of capital to finance the joint venture should be identified.

  13. Feasibility study for integrated solar cell manufacture in Russia. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-07-01

    This report, conducted by Global Photovoltaic Specialists, Inc., was funded by the US Trade and Development Agency. The study concerns the techno-economic feasibility of fully integrated photovoltaic manufacture in Russia. In addition to the executive summary, the study consists of the following: (1) background of the project; (2) world market study; (3) technology prospects; (4) techno-economic feasibility-proprietary deleted; (5) financial-proprietary deleted; (6) conclusions and recommendations; (7) references; (8) bibliography.

  14. NORTHWEST RUSSIA AS A LENS FOR CHANGE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seward, Amy M.

    2009-04-18

    The region of Northwest Russia – encompassing the Kola Peninsula and the Arctic seas to its north – offers a lens through which to view the political, economic, ecological and cultural change occurring in the Russian Federation (RF) today. Amidst the upheaval that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union, this region was left to address the legacy of a Cold War history in which it was home to the Soviet (and now Russian) Navy’s Northern Fleet. This paper addresses the naval nuclear legacy from an ecological and environmental and perspective, first addressing the situation of radioactive contamination of the region. The focus then turns to one of the largest problems facing the RF today: the management and disposal of SNF and RW, much of which was produced by the Northern Fleet. Through the international programs to address these issues, and Russia's development of a national infrastructure to support spent nuclear fuel and waste management, the author discusses political, economic, environmental and cultural change in Russia.

  15. Estimate of the Sources of Plutonium-Containing Wastes Generated from MOX Fuel Production in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudinov, K. G.; Tretyakov, A. A.; Sorokin, Yu. P.; Bondin, V. V.; Manakova, L. F.; Jardine, L. J.

    2002-02-26

    In Russia, mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is produced in a pilot facility ''Paket'' at ''MAYAK'' Production Association. The Mining-Chemical Combine (MCC) has developed plans to design and build a dedicated industrial-scale plant to produce MOX fuel and fuel assemblies (FA) for VVER-1000 water reactors and the BN-600 fast-breeder reactor, which is pending an official Russian Federation (RF) site-selection decision. The design output of the plant is based on a production capacity of 2.75 tons of weapons plutonium per year to produce the resulting fuel assemblies: 1.25 tons for the BN-600 reactor FAs and the remaining 1.5 tons for VVER-1000 FAs. It is likely the quantity of BN-600 FAs will be reduced in actual practice. The process of nuclear disarmament frees a significant amount of weapons plutonium for other uses, which, if unutilized, represents a constant general threat. In France, Great Britain, Belgium, Russia, and Japan, reactor-grade plutonium is used in MOX-fuel production. Making MOX-fuel for CANDU (Canada) and pressurized water reactors (PWR) (Europe) is under consideration in Russia. If this latter production is added, as many as 5 tons of Pu per year might be processed into new FAs in Russia. Many years of work and experience are represented in the estimates of MOX fuel production wastes derived in this report. Prior engineering studies and sludge treatment investigations and comparisons have determined how best to treat Pu sludges and MOX fuel wastes. Based upon analyses of the production processes established by these efforts, we can estimate that there will be approximately 1200 kg of residual wastes subject to immobilization per MT of plutonium processed, of which approximately 6 to 7 kg is Pu in the residuals per MT of Pu processed. The wastes are various and complicated in composition. Because organic wastes constitute both the major portion of total waste and of the Pu to be immobilized, the recommended treatment of MOX-fuel production waste is incineration or calcination, alkali sintering, and dissolution of sintered products in nitric acid. Insoluble residues are then mixed with vitrifying components and Pu sludges, vitrified, and sent for storage and disposal. Implementation of the intergovernmental agreement between Russia and the United States (US) regarding the utilization of 34 tons of weapons plutonium will also require treatment of Pu containing MOX fabrication wastes at the MCC radiochemical production plant.

  16. U.S. second line of defense: preventing nuclear smuggling across Russia's borders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D. Y.

    1998-11-16

    Preventing the theft of weapons-usable highly enriched uranium and plutonium in Russia is one of the central security concerns facing the US today. The dissolution of the highly centralized USSR and the resulting societal crisis has endangered Russia's ability to protect its more than 200 metric tons of plutonium and 1000 tons of highly enriched uranium (roughly 8 kg Pu or 25 kg HEU is sufficient to make a bomb). Producing this fissile material is the most difficult and expensive part of nuclear weapons production and the US must make every effort to ensure that fissile material (and nuclear-related technologies) does not reach the hands of terrorist groups, rogue states or other potential proliferators. In response to this concern, the US has undertaken a number of initiatives in partnership with Russia and other FSU states to prevent the theft of fissile material. The Material Protection, Control and Accounting Program (MPC&A) was begun in 1993 to prevent the theft of nuclear materials from Russian civilian complexes, that is facilities not under control of the Ministry of Defense, which is largely responsible for possession and oversight of nuclear weapons. The MPC&A program is considered the first line of defense against theft of nuclear material because its goal is to prevent theft of material at production and storage facilities. This year the Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a new program called the Second Line of Defense (SLD), the goal of which is to assist Russia in preventing the smuggling of nuclear material and weapons at its borders, either by land, sea or air. The SLD program represents an important phase in the overall effort to ensure the security of nuclear material and weapons in Russia. However, as the US engages Russian customs officials in this important project, Americans should keep in mind that providing equipment--even indigenous equipment--is insufficient by itself; material aid must be accompanied by rigorous inspection and accounting procedures. In addition, the equipment must be assessed according to international standards to ensure a high degree of confidence in its nuclear detection capability.

  17. MAPSAR Simulation in Brazil: Current StatusMAPSAR Simulation in Brazil: Current Status Dr. Waldir Renato Paradella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MAPSAR MAPSAR Simulation in Brazil: Current StatusMAPSAR Simulation in Brazil: Current Status Dr #12;MAPSAR MAPSAR Simulation in Brazil (SARMAPSAR Simulation in Brazil (SAR--R99 Campaign)R99 Campaign

  18. Coalitional Choices and Strategic Challenges: The Landless Movement in Brazil, 1970–2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinek, Wendy M.

    2007-01-01

    Socio-Religious Origins of Brazil’s Landless Rural WorkersOrdinary Revolution: Brazil’s Landless Workers’ Movement. ”2000. “Breaking New Ground: Brazil’s MST. ” NACLA Report on

  19. Brazil Should Facilitate Research Brazil is home to more species of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letters Brazil Should Facilitate Research Permits Brazil is home to more species of plants 2009). Given Brazil's expanding in- vestments in meat and ethanol pro- duction and industrial in Brazil is particularly prob- lematic. To further assess this prob- lem, we launched a survey among

  20. Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muendler, Marc-Andreas

    2007-01-01

    foreign direct investment (FDI) ?ows in the wake of Brazil’sBrazil simultaneously liberalized capital-account restrictions. These measures were accompanied by a surge in foreign direct investment

  1. Some social and economic problems, tasks and purposes of nuclear power in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamov, E.O.; Bryunin, S.V.; Orlov, V.V.

    1996-08-01

    The complicated economic situation in Russia in power generation is manifested in a low efficiency of power utilization and in reduction of its generation and mining of energy resources. Primary energy production per capita in Russia is approximately 50% higher than on the average for Western Europe and approximately the same amount of electric power is generated. But per unit value of gross domestic product (GDP) its consumption is 3.0 and 2.7 times higher, respectively. Amount of diverse pollutants release to the atmosphere per GDP unit value is about 3.0 times higher. Restructuring of Russian economy and modernization of its power generation, which is also a matter of international community concern, will improve these indices, though it will require a lot of time and expenses. A number of aspects should be emphasized: (1) energy policy is to be considered in the context of general economic situation, as well as a key element for solving long-term social problems and base of Russia integration into the world economy; (2) comparatively large resources of fossil fuel are to be considered as national wealth and, strategically, reduction of their consumption for energy generation and export purposes should be envisaged; (3) reactor technologies, that do not rule out potentiality of recurrence of the gravest accidents (reactivity type accidents and the ones involving loss of coolant), can not be put at the foundation of large-scale NP; (4) conditions of nonproliferation that are in use now failed to prevent nuclear weapons propagation to new states and should be replaced by more effective ones; (5) for a country, where NP share in fuel and energy balance is slightly above 3%, not solely evolutionary course of development is feasible; (6) expanding scale of high-level wastes disposal is unacceptable in principle; (7) radical solution of growing ecological problems all over the world, including global warming of climate, is unthinkable without NP development.

  2. *Reprinted from Climate change policy in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    *Reprinted from Climate change policy in Brazil and Mexico: Results from the MIT EPPA model: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Climate change policy in Brazil and Mexico School of Economics, Fundacao Getulio Vargas, Sao Paulo, Brazil a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o

  3. UF in Brazil Urban, Medical, & Agricultural Entomology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    UF in Brazil Urban, Medical, & Agricultural Entomology Summer B: August 9 - 21, 2015 Explore aspects in Brazil and the United States. Course Information College of Agricultural and Life Sciences: Urban, Medical and Agricultural Entomology in Brazil Total Number of Credits Offered: 3 About

  4. ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil www.abeq.org.br/bjche Vol. 27, No. 03, pp. 000 - 000, July, Brazil, and published in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol. 27, p. 1917-1922. Brazilian Journal-909, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil. E-mail: ofelia@eq.ufrj.br (Submitted: December 1, 2009 ; Revised: June 1

  5. BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    BRAZIL VISITING FELLOWSHIP SCHEME Application Form APPLICATIONS SHOULD BE TYPEWRITTEN AND BOXES of attendance Qualifications awarded and class of Honours, etc. Principal Subject(s) taken #12;BRAZIL VISITING): Date(s) From To To Nature of work and Position held Name and address of employer #12;BRAZIL VISITING

  6. room name arrival departure country Fedorova Ksenia 1.6.2015 5.6.2015 Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .6.2015 Ukraine Kyryliuk Mykola 1.6.2015 4.6.2015 Ukraine Shustov Pavel 1.6.2015 5.6.2015 Russia Dmytriiev Anton 1.6.2015 5.6.2015 Ukraine Cheshkivskyi Dmytro 1.6.2015 5.6.2015 Ukraine Shpyga Sergii 2.6.2015 4.6.2015 Ukraine Korbut Alexander 2.6.2015 4.6.2015 Ukraine Kozak Oleksii 2.6.2015 4.6.2015 Ukraine Cech Peter 1

  7. Estimate of the Sources of Plutonium-Containing Wastes Generated from MOX Fuel Production in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudinov, K.G.; Tretyakov, A.A.; Sorokin, Y.P.; Bondin, V.V.; Manakova, L.F.; Jardine, L.J.

    2001-12-01

    In Russia, mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is produced in a pilot facility ''Paket'' at ''MAYAK'' Production Association. The Mining-Chemical Combine (MCC) has developed plans to design and build a dedicated industrial-scale plant to produce MOX fuel and fuel assemblies (FA) for VVER-1000 water reactors and the BN-600 fast-breeder reactor, which is pending an official Russian Federation (RF) site-selection decision. The design output of the plant is based on production capacity of 2.75 tons of weapons plutonium per year to produce the resulting fuel assemblies: 1.25 tons for the BN-600 reactor FAs and the remaining 1.5 tons for VVER-1000 FAs. It is likely the quantity of BN-600 FAs will be reduced in actual practice. The process of nuclear disarmament frees a significant amount of weapons plutonium for other uses, which, if unutilized, represents a constant general threat. In France, Great Britain, Belgium, Russia, and Japan, reactor-grade plutonium is used in MOX-fuel production. Making MOX-fuel for CANDU (Canada) and pressurized water reactors (PWR) (Europe) is under consideration Russia. If this latter production is added, as many as 5 tons of Pu per year might be processed into new FAs in Russia. Many years of work and experience are represented in the estimates of MOX fuel production wastes derived in this report. Prior engineering studies and sludge treatment investigations and comparisons have determined how best to treat Pu sludges and MOX fuel wastes. Based upon analyses of the production processes established by these efforts, we can estimate that there will be approximately 1200 kg of residual wastes subject to immobilization per MT of plutonium processed, of which approximately 6 to 7 kg is Pu in the residuals per MT of Pu processed. The wastes are various and complicated in composition. Because organic wastes constitute both the major portion of total waste and of the Pu to be immobilized, the recommended treatment of MOX-fuel production waste is incineration or calcination, alkali sintering, and dissolution of sintered products in nitric acid. Insoluble residues are then mixed with vitrifying components and Pu sludges, vitrified, and sent for storage and disposal.

  8. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342ChinaRussia (Million

  9. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChina (Million CubicRussia (Million

  10. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01

    Russia Sep Country 1 Dom. Rep. Finland Iceland Ireland ChinaRussia Russia France Finland Iceland Ireland PhilippinesBrazil Chile Chile Chile Finland Finland Finland Finland

  11. Debt swapping as a tool for economic and social stabilization in Russia's closed nuclear cities (briefing paper)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JL Fuller; KM Leek

    2000-03-08

    The next great issue on the Russian landscape will be management of its foreign debt. In the near future the United States will be called upon to lead an international program of debt restructuring to assist Russia in overcoming the burden of its debt trap. With debt service obligations equal to 50{percent} of 1999 revenues, Russia has virtually no chance of sustaining a program of economic recovery without debt relief (Hardt, 1999). With some form of debt restructuring a foregone conclusion, Russia, the United States, and world community have a vital stake in searching for creative ways to transform the inevitability of debt restructuring into something of value and constructive to Russia and the problems it faces. This was the rationale behind debt-for-nature swaps which emerged in the early 1980s in Latin American and Eastern Europe as a means of relieving developing nations of their crippling foreign debt. Debt-for-nature swaps served both domestic and international needs by converting a portion of foreign debt, often at steep discounts, into local currency that was then used to fund programs to preserve the environment. The debt swap mechanism provides the prospect of getting something of real value where nothing is expected. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has proposed to use the same model to synergistically capitalize defense threat reduction activities and environmental remediation within Russia's closed nuclear cities. Preventing the emigration of nuclear technology, expertise, and hardware from these cities to subnational groups and countries of proliferation concern is one of the world's foremost pressing problems. It is in the best national security interest of the United states to assist Russia in overcoming the legacy of the Cold War by helping to address the catastrophic environmental and public health effects of nuclear production that negatively impact economic stabilization.

  12. Masha Udensiva-Brenner: Can you tell us about Russia's role in the Eurasian gas market before and after the Central Asia-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    become competitors harriman magazine | 11 iNtervieWS The CenTral asia-China PiPeline and russia's energy and after the Central Asia- China Pipeline? Holly Decker: When the Soviet Union collapsed, all gas pipelines transit fees for political and economic gains. Russia had tight control and tried to disrupt pipelines

  13. Dual Protection, Relationship Dynamics, and Women's Empowerment in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuyuki, Kiyomi

    2013-01-01

    among men and women, Brazil 1998 and 2005." Revista de SaudeAge (15-49 years) in Brazil, Pesquisa Nacional Demografica eAge (15-49 years) in Brazil, Pesquisa Nacional Demografica e

  14. The Social Function of Property Rights in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santinoni Vera, Flavia

    2006-01-01

    of Law & Economics in Brazil will provide a more analyticalFUNCTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS IN BRAZIL Flávia Santinoni Vera*at the Federal Senate in Brazil since 1985 and currently

  15. Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Residential Energy Demand in Brazil and Income Classes:in Brazil: Potential and Pro- gress", ENERGY, vol. 13, no.decreasing energy services in India and Brazil. The initial

  16. Patent Bargains in NICs: The Case of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Bruno Meyerhof; Benoliel, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    See also Foreign Direct Investment in Brazil Doubles in 2007direct investment (FDI). Neoclassic political economics narrations, such as of Brazil’direct investment (FDI). Neoclassic political economics narrations, such as of Brazil

  17. Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu For publication on 14 Dec 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    don't want to see Islamic State terrorists claiming Syria and Iraq, or Russia claiming the Crimean, and Russia, but engages only the Islamic State militarily and then using only American air power. Virtually action in dealing with the world. This John Wayne style of foreign policy didn't work out so well in Iraq

  18. Managing the global environmental risks in Russia: The missing links and external influences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sokolov, V.

    1996-12-31

    Based on analysis of management history of three global environmental issues in Russia--climate change, ozone depletion and acid rains--the author suggests a few explanations of failure to build-up the nationwide strategy to manage global risks. Among them are specific factors related to the science-policy relationship on global changes processes and impacts. Particular attention is given to such internal factors as: the monopolization of these issues by the single state agency Hydromet until the late 1980s; the interest of the Soviet military in global atmospheric issues; the absence of any major input from the public or the media; and the manner in which the discussion of these issues was nested within the Soviet government`s broader foreign policy agenda.

  19. Status of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Government to Government Program in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olascoaga, M.T.

    1996-10-01

    The US-Russian Government-to-Government Program of Cooperation on Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) evolved from the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. In 1995, the US Department of Energy (DOE) assumed responsibility as the executive agent for implementation of the Government-to-Government MPC&A Program, followed by the programmatic responsibility for funding. The Russian Program initially emphasized limited exchanges, demonstrations, and upgrades at low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel fabrication facility at Elektrostal in 1994. The program has expanded to include upgrades at nuclear facilities across Russia, development of the Russian Methodological Training Center (RMTC) in Obninsk; and cooperation with Gosatomnadzor, the Russian Federal Nuclear Radiation and Safety Authority. This paper describes the overall program including program objectives, approach, and US-Russian participation, with an emphasis on DOE-GAN cooperation.

  20. Integrated approach to nuclear materials safety management in the U.S. and Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jardine, L.J.

    1997-06-01

    The United States and Russia are dismantling nuclear weapons and generating hundreds of tons of excess plutonium and high enriched uranium fissile nuclear materials that require disposition. The U.S. Department of Energy and the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy (Minatom) organizations are planning and implementing safe, secure storage and disposition operations for these materials in numerous facilities. This provides a new opportunity for technical exchanges between Russian and Western scientists that can establish an integrated and improved common safety culture for handling these materials. The development and use of personal relationships and joint projects among Russian and Western participants involved in fissile nuclear materials safety management contributes to improving nuclear materials nonproliferation and to making a safer world. Technical exchanges and workshops are being used to systematically identify opportunities in the nuclear fissile materials facilities to improve and ensure the safety of workers, the public, and the environment.

  1. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  2. Optimization and life-cycle cost of health clinic PV system for a rural area in southern Iraq using HOMER software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Karaghouli, Ali; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401 (United States)

    2010-04-15

    This paper addresses the need for electricity of rural areas in southern Iraq and proposes a photovoltaic (PV) solar system to power a health clinic in that region. The total daily health clinic load is 31.6 kW h and detailed loads are listed. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) optimization computer model for distributed power, ''HOMER,'' is used to estimate the system size and its life-cycle cost. The analysis shows that the optimal system's initial cost, net present cost, and electricity cost is US$ 50,700, US$ 60,375, and US$ 0.238/kW h, respectively. These values for the PV system are compared with those of a generator alone used to supply the load. We found that the initial cost, net present cost of the generator system, and electricity cost are US$ 4500, US$ 352,303, and US$ 1.332/kW h, respectively. We conclude that using the PV system is justified on humanitarian, technical, and economic grounds. (author)

  3. Brazil Should Facilitate Research Brazil is home to more species of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Letters Brazil Should Facilitate Research Permits Brazil is home to more species of plants is probably the world's lowest; as much as 40 times lower than in the United States (World Taxonomist Database 2009). Given Brazil's expanding in- vestments in meat and ethanol pro- duction and industrial

  4. ~'SH' G INDUSTRY IN BRAZIL (TERES INA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~'SH' G INDUSTRY IN BRAZIL FORTALEZA (TERES INA. ~ SALVADOR BELO HOR I ZONTE · ~ VIT6RIA R I O DE··········· ··········· ····················· Y Vice Consul, American Embassyt R10 de Janeiro, Brazil. Report No. 202, June 3, 1948. Page 2 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 9 12 16 25 26 30 30 30 40 41 41 41 42 P-7 2;2 #12;BACKGrouND Fishing in Brazil is little

  5. Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape...

  6. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    Adilson. 2012. Brazil’s Petrobras: strategy and performance.s Statoil, Brazil’s Petrobras, Russia’s Rosneft, Saudiinstance, state-owned Petrobras and its board do not have

  7. A review of "Religion and the Early Modern State: Views From China, Russia, and the West." by James D. Tracy and Marguerite Ragnow eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yermolenko, Galina I.

    2006-01-01

    into war. James D. Tracy and Marguerite Ragnow, eds. Religion and the Early Modern State: Views From China, Russia, and the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. x + 415 pp. $85.00. Review by GALINA I. YERMOLENKO, DESALES UNIVERSITY... Protestantisms, but also to seventeenth-century religious dissent in several non-western countries, such as China, Ukraine, and Russia. The essays in the first part of the volume, Lived Religion and Official Religion, closely study the relations between...

  8. Greenergy Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro ElectricGreen St.GreenTops JumpBrazil

  9. Investigation of the Brazil Current front variability from altimeter data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the Brazil Current front variability from altimeter data Gustavo J. Goni Atlantic, Brazil Abstract. The southwestern Atlantic Ocean is characterized by the confluence of the Brazil in conjunction with a two-layer dynamical ocean scheme to monitor the Brazil Current front and to investigate its

  10. NOAAINMFS Developments u.s., Brazil Agree on Shrimp Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , formalizes an agreement ~ith Brazil under which the Brazilian Go\\ern- ment has, ~ith the United tateNOAAINMFS Developments u.s., Brazil Agree on Shrimp Conservation The Commerce Department'.., a with Brazil dealing ~ith the con enation of certain shrimp resources locateu off Brazil. The Act, igned

  11. Brazil's Right to Save Lives (NYT) 484 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Brazil's Right to Save Lives (NYT) 484 words Published: June 23, 2005 Brazil has the best anti-name drugs. Brazil can freely copy any drug commercialized before 1997, when the country began to respect are still imported and are expensive, and Brazil is spending two-thirds of its antiretroviral budget on just

  12. August 2012 Brazil is one of the great success stories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    August 2012 Brazil is one of the great success stories of the last several decades ­ and today has become a vibrant democracy and an economic powerhouse. Brazil's international profile has never been and staff. Our study of Brazil is strong and our engagement with Brazil is growing. Today, work

  13. Lessons Learned and Present Day Challenges of Addressing 20th Century Radiation Legacies of Russia and the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRISTOFZSKI, J.G.

    2000-10-26

    The decommissioning of nuclear submarines, disposal of highly-enriched uranium and weapons-grade plutonium, and processing of high-level radioactive wastes represent the most challenging issues facing the cleanup of 20th century radiation legacy wastes and facilities. The US and Russia are the two primary countries dealing with these challenges, because most of the world's fissile inventory is being processed and stored at multiple industrial sites and nuclear weapons production facilities in these countries.

  14. Petroleum and geothermal production technology in Russia: Summary of information obtained during informational meetings with several Russian Institutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schafer, D.M.; Glowka, D.A.; Teufel, L.W.

    1995-04-01

    Russian scientists and engineers have drilled the deepest holes in the world. It is recognized that this experience has given them an expertise in drilling superdeep holes, as well as other aspects of drilling, completions, and geophysics. More and more US oil and gas companies are vigorously expanding their exploration and development into Russia. It is important for them to identify and use Russian technology in drilling, completion, logging, and reservoir characterization to the extent possible, in order to both reduce drilling costs and help support the Russian economy. While these US companies are interested in becoming involved in and/or sponsoring research in Russia, they have been unsure as to which scientists and institutes are working on problems of interest. It was also important to determine in which areas Russian technology is farther advanced than in the West. Such technology could then be commercialized as part of the Industrial Partnering Program. In order to develop a clear understanding of these issues, two Sandia engineers with drilling and completions expertise and a geophysicist with expertise in reservoir analysis traveled to Russia to meet with Russian scientists and engineers to discuss their technologies and areas of interest. This report contains a summary of the information obtained during the visit.

  15. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Formation in Contemporary Brazil." In On Edge: The Crisis ofof Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. ” National Library of Ghana.197-204. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: UNESCO. Centro de Estudos

  16. Sabotaging Logics: How Brazil's Hip-Hop Culture Looks to Redefine Race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moulin, Maria Teresa

    2010-01-01

    Nascimento. Africans in Brazil: A Pan- American Perspective.Rebecca. “Dangerous Minds: Brazil's Escritura da exclusãoin Nineteenth-Century Brazil. ” Luso-Brazilian Review 37:

  17. New World Songs for Catholic Saints: Domestic Performances of Devotion and History in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyanaga, Michael Zenryu

    2013-01-01

    Andrew. 1809. History of Brazil. London: Henry Colburn.of Residence and Travels in Brazil, Embracing Historical andHenry. 1816. Travels in Brazil. London: Paternoster-Row.

  18. Self-Medication and Antibiotic Resistance in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandell, Joanna

    2007-01-01

    le of self-medication in Brazil]. Rev Saude Publica 1997;diarrhea in northeast Brazil. Berkeley: University ofInfections in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil]: Universidade Federal

  19. The Money Trap: NGO Funding and Political Action in Brazil's Favelas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinek, Wendy Grace Muse M

    2012-01-01

    States Penetration of Brazil. University of Pennsylvaniafrom Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Connolly, Paul M. 2007. “Deepered. Democratizing Brazil. New York: Oxford University Press.

  20. Interracial Marriage in Brazil: a discussion about local marriage market, parents' characteristics, and household chores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas, Maria Carolina

    2012-01-01

    Identity: Comparing the United States and Brazil. ” Pp.Politics in Contemporary Brazil, edited by M Hanchard and NUnmixing for Race Making in Brazil. ” American Journal of

  1. Mobilizing the Grassroots from Above: Political Engagement among AIDS Associations in Democratic Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rich, Jessica A. J.

    2009-01-01

    Participation in São Paulo, Brazil. World Development 33 (to AIDS challenges in Brazil: limits and possibilities.society in Argentina and Brazil. Comparative Politics:21-42.

  2. Mapping violence : homicides trends in Mexico and Brazil 1990-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arredondo Sanchez Lira, Jaime; Arredondo Sanchez Lira, Jaime

    2012-01-01

    and Economic Development in Brazil: Elements for Effectiveand Spatial Dependence in Brazil." IPEA Discussion PaperPolitics in Argentina and Brazil Lynne Rienner Publishers,

  3. Ethnicity in Wounded Spaces: Instrumentalism and the Making of Africa in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearney, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    Wideangle, Black and White Brazil: Introducing AffirmativeAction in Brazil (2007), http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/brazil-in-black-and-white/

  4. Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk, and Rule of Law in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holston, James

    2009-01-01

    Violence in Democratic Brazil. Ethnography Caldeira, TeresaResignifications of Justice in Brazil. In Law and DisorderDemocracy and Violence in Brazil. Comparative Studies in

  5. The Politics of Access to Higher Education in Argentina and Brazil: A comparative analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes Nogueira, Jaana Flavia

    2013-01-01

    education in Argentina and Brazil: a comparative analysis.education in Argentina and Brazil: strengths and challenges.education in Argentina and Brazil: current situation and

  6. Parties for rent? Ambition, ideology, and party switching in Brazil's chamber of deputies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desposato, S W

    2006-01-01

    and Presidentialism in Brazil. In S. Mainwaring and M. S.Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: The Universityin Nineteenth-Century Brazil. Stanford: Stanford University

  7. Prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity among tuberculosis patients in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reis-Santos, Bárbara; Gomes, Teresa; Macedo, Laylla R; Horta, Bernardo L; Riley, Lee W; Maciel, Ethel L

    2013-01-01

    tuberculosis patients in Brazil: a cross-sectional study.cases of tuberculosis in Brazil. Revista brasileira dediabetes mellitus in Brazil - a multivariate analysis. PLoS

  8. The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009: The Role Of The State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01

    Calva and Lustig 2010). In Brazil, the largest country of2003. “Inequality in Brazil: The Contribution of Pensions. ”Cash Transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts Upon

  9. Cultural Tourism for Salvador, Brazil: A Viable Means of Community Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciccone, Adrieannette

    2012-01-01

    Vol. 13 (36) Sao Paulo, Brazil. Pinho, Patricia. (2010).the Progressive State in Brazil. ” In Lisa Knauer and Daniel2025. Salvador de Bahia, Brazil: Perfeitura Municipial Do

  10. Fractured rock aquifer tests in the Western Siberian Basin, Ozyorsk, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, R.L.; Looney, B.B.; Eddy-Dilek, C.A.

    1997-10-01

    A series of multi-zone pumping tests was conducted in a contaminated fractured rock aquifer in the Western Siberian Basin, Ozyorsk, Russia. The tests were conducted adjacent to the Mishelyak River floodplain in fractured Paleozoic porphyrites, tufts, tuff breccia, and lava typical of the Ural mountain complex. Geophysical logs, borehole photography, core samples, and results from previous borehole contamination studies were used to identify the zones to be tested. A network of three uncased wells was tested using a system of inflatable packers, pressure transducers and data loggers. Seven zones were isolated and monitored in two of the uncased wells. A straddle packer assembly was used to isolate individual zones within the pumping well. Eight constant rate pumping tests were conducted. Results of the testing indicate that shallow groundwater migrates primarily in two intervals that are separated by an interval with low lateral conductivity. The water bearing intervals have moderate to high specific capacities (1.3 and 30 L/min/m). Several processes are responsible for fracturing present in the lower interval. The network of compound fractures produced a complex array of fracture intersections yielding a fractured media with hydraulic behavior similar to porous media. Models used for the analysis of pumping tests in porous media provide a good estimation of the hydraulic response of the lower interval to pumping. Future work will include more complex analysis of the data to determine hydraulic conductivity ellipses.

  11. Scientists in a Changed Institutional Environment: Subjective Adaptation and Social Responsibility Norms in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

    2008-06-05

    How do scientists react when the institutional setting in which they conduct their work changes radically? How do long-standing norms regarding the social responsibility of scientists fare? What factors influence whether scientists embrace or reject the new institutions and norms? We examine these questions using data from a unique survey of 602 scientists in Russia, whose science system experienced a sustained crisis and sweeping changes in science institutions following the collapse of the Soviet Union. We develop measures of how respondents view financing based on grants and other institutional changes in the Russian science system, as well as measures of two norms regarding scientists social responsibility. We find that the majority of scientists have adapted, in the sense that they hold positive views of the new institutions, but a diversity of orientations remains. Social responsibility norms are common among Russian scientists, but far from universal. The main correlates of adaptation are age and current success at negotiating the new institutions, though prospective success, work context, and ethnicity have some of the hypothesized associations. As for social responsibility norms, the main source of variation is age: younger scientists are more likely to embrace individualistic rather than socially-oriented norms.

  12. Interlayer interference in double wells in a tilted magnetic field G. M. Gusev, C. A. Duarte, and T. E. Lamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gusev, Guennady

    , Brazil A. K. Bakarov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia J. C. Portal GHMFL

  13. MSU AT WORK IN BRAZIL: AN OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazil's pioneering research, including renewable energy and natural resource protection. With faculty in Amazonian ecology for decades. Research on megadevelopments, renewable energy and agricultural practices Benefits in Partnership These collaborative efforts benefit MSU directly by training outstanding students

  14. Solidarity at the margins : literature, film, and justice in neoliberal Argentina, Brazil and Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniels, Jennie Irene

    2012-01-01

    Class Relations in Brazil’s New Neoliberal Phase. ”American Perspectives 34.5, Brazil under Cardoso (SeptemberPublic Life in Urban Brazil. ” Geographical Review 90.4 (

  15. Physical protection cooperation between US Department of Energy national laboratories and Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise (Eleron) of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishin, E.T.; Davydov, Y.L.; Izmailov, A. [Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1996-07-01

    US DOE national laboratories and Russian institutes are becoming increasingly cooperative in support of nonproliferation of nuclear materials. This paper describes completed projects, current work, and areas of possible future cooperation between US laboratories and a Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (MINATOM) entity, Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise (SNPO). The Kurchatov Institute, SNPO, and the US national laboratories jointly completed a physical protection system (PPS) for a facility housing two reactors at Kurchatov Institute within a very short time frame in 1994. Spin- off projects from this work resulted in a US-witnessed acceptance test of the new system adhering to a procedure adopted in Russia, and visits by DOE laboratories` personnel to SNPO`s sensor development and test facilities at Dubna and Penza. SNPO was one of the MINATOM sites at which Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducted a vulnerability assessment training course. Current cooperative projects include additional physical protection upgrades at Kurchatov where SNPO is involved as an installer and supplier of sensors, alarm display, video, and fiber optic equipment. Two additional contracts between SNL and SNPO result in information on Russian sensor performance and cost and an exchange of US and Russian sensors. Russian sensors will be tested in the United States,a nd US sensors will be tested in Russia. Pacific Northwest Laboratory administers a contract to document the process of certifying physical protection equipment for use at MINATOM facilities. Recent interest in transportation security has opened a new area of cooperation between the national laboratories and SNPO. Future projects are expected to include SNPO participation in physical protection upgrades at other locations in Russia, pedestrian and vehicle portal development, positive personnel identifier testing, and the exchange and testing of additional equipment.

  16. Petroleum Resource Management and Assessment project for the Western Siberian Administration Russia. TDA feasibility study. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The objective of the study is: (1) To determine the nature and availability of the information necessary for Resource Assessment in oil fields to be open to foreign investment; (2) To determine what resources are required to implement the 'Alberta Model' of Resource Management in Siberia; (3) To establish a pilot Data Collection and Information System, including software, hardware and technology; (4) To indicate whether the studied database model and related software can meet Russia's long term requirements for information management in the petroleum sector; (5) The transfer of information techniques to the Russian implementation teams; and (6) To define the requirements for a resource/economic study.

  17. US Department of Energy (DOE)/Gosatomnadzor (GAN) of Russia project at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baranov, I.A.; Konoplev, K.A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Hauser, G.C. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-08-01

    This paper presents a summary of work accomplished within the scope of the DOE-Gosatomnadzor (GAN) Agreement to reduce vulnerability to theft of direct-use nuclear materials in Russia. The DOE-GAN agreement concerns the Russian Academy of Science B.P. Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), located 45 kilometers from St. Petersburg. The PNPI operates facilities to research basic nuclear physics. Current world conditions require particular attention to the issue of Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) of nuclear materials. The long-term plan to increase security at the facility is outlined, including training, physical protection upgrades, and material control and accountability. 4 figs.

  18. Preparation for the Recovery of Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) at Andreeva Bay, North West Russia - 13309

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, D.; McAtamney, N. [Nuvia Limited (United Kingdom)] [Nuvia Limited (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01

    Andreeva Bay is located near Murmansk in the Russian Federation close to the Norwegian border. The ex-naval site was used to de-fuel nuclear-powered submarines and icebreakers during the Cold War. Approximately 22,000 fuel assemblies remain in three Dry Storage Units (DSUs) which means that Andreeva Bay has one of the largest stockpiles of highly enriched spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in the world. The high contamination and deteriorating condition of the SNF canisters has made improvements to the management of the SNF a high priority for the international community for safety, security and environmental reasons. International Donors have, since 2002, provided support to projects at Andreeva concerned with improving the management of the SNF. This long-term programme of work has been coordinated between the International Donors and responsible bodies within the Russian Federation. Options for the safe and secure management of SNF at Andreeva Bay were considered in 2004 and developed by a number of Russian Institutes with international participation. This consisted of site investigations, surveys and studies to understand the technical challenges. A principal agreement was reached that the SNF would be removed from the site altogether and transported to Russia's reprocessing facility at Mayak in the Urals. The analytical studies provided the information necessary to develop the construction plan for the site. Following design and regulatory processes, stakeholders endorsed the technical solution in April 2007. This detailed the processes, facilities and equipment required to safely remove the SNF and identified other site services and support facilities required on the site. Implementation of this strategy is now well underway with the facilities in various states of construction. Physical works have been performed to address the most urgent tasks including weather protection over one of the DSUs, installation of shielding over the cells, provision of radiation protection infrastructure and general preparation of the site for construction of the facilities for the removal of the SNF. This paper describes the development and implementation of the strategy and work to improve the safe and secure management of SNF, preparing it for retrieval and removal from Andreeva Bay. (authors)

  19. Policy-based abstention in Brazil's 2002 presidential election

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Gabriel

    This paper implements a unified model of individual abstention and vote choice to analyze policy-based alienation and indifference in Brazil’s 2002 presidential election. The results indicate that both alienation and ...

  20. Ecology and Geography of Plague Transmission Areas in Northeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, John R.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Ameida, Alzira

    2011-01-04

    Plague in Brazil is poorly known and now rarely seen, so studies of its ecology are difficult. We used ecological niche models of historical (1966-present) records of human plague cases across northeastern Brazil to assess hypotheses regarding...

  1. Brazil 1 Buzius and Salvador Brazil is one of those countries that have a very distinctive feel and a vivid image. Each one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beimel, Amos

    Brazil 1 ­ Buzius and Salvador Brazil is one of those countries that have a very distinctive feel and a vivid image. Each one of us carries a detailed picture of Brazil in his mind, even without being there and carnival. The fantastic thing is that upon arriving to Brazil, one finds out that the real Brazil matches

  2. 1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate A BrAzil-UK AnAlysis of ClimAte ChAnge And deforestAtion impACts in the AmAzon Change in Brazil #12;3DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL April 2011Alysis of ClimAte ChAnge And deforestAtion impACts in the AmAzon Change in Brazil #12;4 DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE

  3. 1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate A BrAzil-UK AnAlysis of ClimAte ChAnge And deforestAtion impACts in the AmAzon Change in Brazil #12;3DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL April 2011 Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Brazil, and the Met Office Hadley Centre, UK Dangerous Climate A BrAzil-UK An

  4. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Brazil 8/5/13ICTP Public Information Office 1 #12;*For the period 1970-1982, 253 visitors came from Brazil; the total number of visitors is 3538 from Brazil 1983-2012* Visitors Female** 8/5/13ICTP Public Information Office #12; Scientific visitors

  5. Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings William E. Johnsa*, Rainer J. Zantoppa of the North Brazil Current Rings Experiment are used to assess the role played by NBC rings in tropical the seasonal retroflection of the North Brazil Current into the North Equatorial Countercurrent near 6o N

  6. UNIVERSIDADE DO SUL DE SANTA CATARINA Florianopolis, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Paul Thomas

    UNIVERSIDADE DO SUL DE SANTA CATARINA Florianopolis, Brazil College of Charleston Bilateral for potential transfer credit. Florianopolis is the capital of Santa Catarina state in the south of Brazil. It has a vibrant and colorful mix of the best Brazil has to offer. It is located between the cities

  7. MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil Hundreds of indigenous people demonstrated at the National Congress in Brasilia, capital of Brazil, following the announcement in the 1990s in the midst of extensive protests in Brazil and around the world. On February 8, an indigenous

  8. Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil Christian Azar Department of Physical of Brazil on "good" versus "bad" lands is investigated. It is shown that the value of the higher yields) lands. The focus of the analysis is on the Northeast of Brazil (NE), where the prospects for dedicated

  9. Our engagement with Brazil Nosso compromisso com o Brasil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Our engagement with Brazil Nosso compromisso com o Brasil #12;2 A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP A strategic partnership Our engagement with Brazil The University of Birmingham and The University of Nottingham first and mobility of staff and students n Interactions with industry in both Brazil and Europe to enhance research n

  10. Japan-Brazil Space Sector Workshop August 26 27, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan-Brazil Space Sector Workshop August 26 ­ 27, 2010 Sergio Sobral de Oliveira Auditorium (IAI building) INPE's headquarters - São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil Satellite Applications on Agricultural;NDVI Desertification process ­ NE Brazil Surface Albedo Surface Temperature #12;Perfil temporal do NDVI

  11. ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT Late Holocene paleoenvironmental changes in Northeast Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazil recorded by organic matter in lacustrine sediments of Lake Boqueirão. Zocatelli, R, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. f LMI "PALEOTRACES" (Paléoclimatologie tropicale: TRACEurs et Variabilité Northeast Brazil represents a key area in terms of Holocene environmental changes in South America due

  12. Oil, Development, and the Environment: Coastal Brazil at a Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    ://www.petrobras.com/pt/energia-e-tecnologia/ #12;(E&P 2011) (BP 2013) *Brazil is 8th largest energy consumer and 10th largest producer (EIA 2012Oil, Development, and the Environment: Coastal Brazil at a Crossroads Dr. Tom Safford ­ UNH - Dept #12;Overview Background on coastal development and the environment in Brazil Global and local

  13. Ethnicity in a Mythical Racial Democracy’s Metropolis: Ethnic Identity and Politics in São Paulo, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Angela

    2015-01-01

    Struggle for Ethnicity in Brazil. Durham: Duke UniversityMiddle Eastern Immigration to Brazil. ” Academy of AmericanWelcoming the Undesirables: Brazil and the Jewish Question.

  14. Performable Nations: Music and Literature in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Cuba, Brazil, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, Bethany

    2013-01-01

    Magaldi, Cristina. “Two Musical Representations of Brazil. ”Brazil in the Making: Facets of National Identity. Eds.McCann, Bryan. Hello, Hello Brazil: Popular Music in the

  15. st rait st imes.com http://www.straitstimes.com/premium/opinion/story/russia-building-its-eastern-regions-20140104 By Salim Osman Senior Writer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    this approach. First, as the global economic and political gravity shif ts to the Asia-Pacif ic, Moscow Vladimir Putin and other leaders have realised the need to restructure Russia's solely energy-based economy stagnation there. The energy sector, however, is the low-hanging f ruit. The Russian Far East and the East

  16. UPb Silurian age for a gabbro of the Platinum-bearing Belt of the Middle Urals (Russia): evidence for beginning of closure of the Uralian Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    U­Pb Silurian age for a gabbro of the Platinum-bearing Belt of the Middle Urals (Russia): evidence-bearing Belt of the Urals consists of a series of zoned ultramafic bodies obducted onto the passive continental that the Uralian Platinum-bearing Belt is best interpreted as remnants of an island-arc oceanic lithosphere

  17. Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through the National Network of NGOs for Renewable Energy (RENOVE). ·The aim is to support the Brazilian1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe makers implement Electricity Law 10.438 in ways that enable small rural energy enterprises to coexist

  18. The Infrastructure Necessary to Support a Sustainable Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachner, Katherine M.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

    2011-07-20

    The NNSA Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) program has been engaged for fifteen years in upgrading the security of nuclear materials in Russia. Part of the effort has been to establish the conditions necessary to ensure the long-term sustainability of nuclear security. A sustainable program of nuclear security requires the creation of an indigenous infrastructure, starting with sustained high level government commitment. This includes organizational development, training, maintenance, regulations, inspections, and a strong nuclear security culture. The provision of modern physical protection, control, and accounting equipment to the Russian Federation alone is not sufficient. Comprehensive infrastructure projects support the Russian Federation's ability to maintain the risk reduction achieved through upgrades to the equipment. To illustrate the contributions to security, and challenges of implementation, this paper discusses the history and next steps for an indigenous Tamper Indication Device (TID) program, and a Radiation Portal Monitoring (RPM) program.

  19. The Brazil Eucalyptus Potential Productivity Project: Influence of water, nutrients and stand uniformity on wood production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    The Brazil Eucalyptus Potential Productivity Project: Influence of water, nutrients and stand, Brazil f Veracel Celulose, Eunapolis, Bahia, Brazil g International Paper do Brasil, Mogi Guacu, Sao Paulo, Brazil h Suzano Papel e Celulose, Teixeira de Freitas, Bahia, Brazil i CENIBRA, Ipatinga, Minas

  20. A Rua é Nossa (The Street is Ours): In Search of Childhood and Rights on the Streets of Guarulhos, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Alicia Taylor

    2012-01-01

    2008 Child Labor in Brazil: The Government Commitment. IIPProstitution on the Rise in Brazil. International ChildPax. Ituassu, Arthur 2011 Brazil’s revolution Isn’t Leading

  1. For a "Little Scrap of Paper" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  2. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  3. Simple Laser Accelerator - Optics and Particle Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    1991-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  4. Software Studies in action: Open Source and Free Software in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Cicero Inacio; de Almeida, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Open Source and Free Software in Brazil Cicero Inacio daSilva Software Studies Brazil Avenida Angelica, 1905 SãoPaulo, SP 01227-200, Brazil Jane de Almeida Mackenzie

  5. Carnaval, Samba Schools and the Negotiation of Gendered Identities in São Paulo, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunet, Carla Sacon

    2012-01-01

    Bradford. A History of Brazil. New York: Columbia UniversityAlexander (orgs. ). Brazil: Portrait of Half a Continent.Bahian carnival music in Brazil. ” World of Music, Vol. 35,

  6. Free, Social, and Inclusive: Appropriation and Resistance of New Media Technologies in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horst, Heather A

    2011-01-01

    of higher education in Brazil. Language and Education 21 (Press. Cellular-News. (2008). Brazil 2008 customer numbers.ecosystems.org/book/pdf/4.6.pdf+brazil+digital+media+youth

  7. Sensationalism, Cinema and the Popular Press in Mexico and Brazil, 1905-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navitski, Rielle Edmonds

    2013-01-01

    Arquivo Nacional, Brazil…………………. …42 Fig. 2.3: The firstThe Film Industry in Brazil: Culture and the State (and Cláudio DeNipoti (Cotia, Brazil: Editora Atliê, 2009),

  8. Queens of the Dancehall and Rudegyals: Rasta Women and Reggae-Dancehall in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarlane, Marisa

    2008-01-01

    and Reggae-Dancehall in Brazil Seeing a female behind a mic(interviewed in southeast Brazil, including MC’s, musicians,in the sound system culture in Brazil is an example the

  9. Health in black and white : debates on racial and ethnic health disparities in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagano, Anna

    2011-01-01

    Valle 1985 Updating the Cost of Not Being White in Brazil.Race, class, and power in Brazil. P. -M. Fontaine, ed. Pp.Ideas and Social Policy in Brazil, 1870-1940. In The Idea of

  10. Rheumatic Heart Disease and Beta-hemolytic Streptococci in Salvador, Brazil: A Study of Slum Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tartof, Sara Yee

    2010-01-01

    medicine in Southern Brazil. Ann Emerg Med 2001 Feb;37(2):Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999]. Cad Saude Publicaand sore throat in Salvador, Brazil. Covariate Slum Age 3-5

  11. State-Driven Activism: Interest Mobilization in Brazil's AIDS Policy Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rich, Jessica Alexis Jolicoeur

    2012-01-01

    U.S. : NAVIGATING CHALLENGES, BRAZIL STEPS UP AIDS RESPONSE.Grassroots Politics in Brazil. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil: University of Michigan

  12. Last date modified 1/11/13 Location and Institution BRAZIL -PORTO ALEGRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Last date modified 1/11/13 Location and Institution BRAZIL - PORTO ALEGRE throughout Brazil and service learning activities are and/or Scholarships available. See in Brazil. You must apply as soon as possible once accepted into the program

  13. Concerns About Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-01-01

    renewable sources of wood Brazil: Ethanol production for vehicles Brazil: End-use Energy efficiency increases India

  14. Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards...

  15. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Paulla A. 2002. Performing Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton30 (3): 847–861. Dzidzienyo, Anani. 1999. “Africa-Brazil: ‘Ex Africa Semper Aliquid Novi’? ” In Black Brazil: Culture,

  16. North Brazil Current Rings Experiment: RAFOS Float Data Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fratantoni, David

    WHOI-02-08 North Brazil Current Rings Experiment: RAFOS Float Data Report November 1998 ­ June 2000 of the United States Government. This report should be cited as: Woods Hole Oceanog. Inst. Tech. Rept., WHOI-02 tracked at depths of 200-1000 meters in and around several North Brazil Current Rings between November

  17. Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3C—Fostering Technology Adoption III: International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Artur Milanez, Manager of Biofuels Department, Brazilian Development Bank

  18. North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and North Brazil Current rings. The model mean and seasonal circulation feature near the western boundary is the North Brazil Current (NBC), which has sources

  19. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Toxicological effect of new mycotoxins produced by Fusarium species.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Toxicological effect of new mycotoxins produced by Fusarium collaboration in Brazil: Mycotoxin contamination is a serious problem in Brazil. The team already have collaboration with four different brazil an teams (see above). Thus project will help to strength the link

  20. Interested to bring your research to a market application? Interested in strengthening partnership with Brazil?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laemmli, Ulrich

    with Brazil? First Training Camp, focus on Health projects: Rio, Brazil.10th -15th November 2014 Applications are open until September 22nd on: http://venturelab.ch/AIT Academia-Industry Training Brazil Camp #12;This with potential mar- ket/industry application, by connecting partners from Switzerland and Brazil. By connecting

  1. Factors of paleosol formation in a Late Cretaceous eolian sand sheet paleoenvironment, Marlia Formation, Southeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Formation, Southeastern Brazil Patrick Francisco Führ Dal' Bó a, , Giorgio Basilici a , Rômulo Simões), Brazil b IG ­ Universidade Federal do Pará, 66075-110, Belém (PA), Brazil a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i Late Cretaceous The Marília Formation, which crops out in southeastern Brazil, is interpreted as a Late

  2. Private governance in royalty collection Effectiveness and limitations in tracing GM soybean in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Brazil Patricio. Mendez del Vilar1 , Carlos Magri Ferreira2 , Juliana Galvarros Bueno Lobo Ribeiro3, Brazil. 3 University of Brasilia, Brazil Summary This paper focuses on the emergence of an institutional innovation along with the diffusion of Genetically Modified Soybean in Brazil. It results in private

  3. 'One day, it could be my child who needs it': Exploring Reasons for Breast Milk Donation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tait, Aiden E

    2013-01-01

    a public tertiary hospital in Brazil. Clinics (Sao Paulo).the City of São Paulo, Brazil. 127. Rea MF. Reflexões sobrebased cohorts in Souther Brazil: trends and differentials.

  4. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    cases of transmission lines in the 700-800 kV range--in Canada, United States, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly

  5. National hydrogen energy program in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattos, M.C.

    1985-01-01

    To face the 1973 energy crisis and allow a reduction of fossil fuels imports. Brazil has developed an important alcohol program, suited to secure a major share of liquid fuels supply to be used in transportation sectors. National energy resource agencies point out that emphasis should be put on biomass and electricity Having the second largest hydropower potential in the world, the Brazilian dilemma is that one-third of this potential is situated in the far Amazon region, whereas consumption centres are in the Southeast region. Thus, hydrogen presents itself as an excellent carrier for our country. The energy system in Brazil should be oriented towards a system based on electricity and hydrogen. With the availability of off-peak hydroelectricity at a low cost and new, very large plants starting operation, the situation appears quite favourable for water electrolysis and hydrogen production development. The productio of electrolytic hydrogen, which can be transported and stored, is specially interesting because it allows a heavy electricity utilization well-fitted to production management. Its use would modulate and optimize electricity uses. Hydrogen production would be used in the chemical industry and for energy purposes. Relevant aspects of the Brazilian hydrogen energy program are described.

  6. Analysis of CZT crystals and detectors grown in Russia and the Ukraine by high-pressure Bridgman methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H. Hermon; M. Schieber; R. B. James; E. Y. Lee; N. Yang; A. J. Antolak; D. H. Morse; C. Hackett; E. Tarver; N. N. P. Kolesnikov; Yu N. Ivanov; V. Komar; M. S. Goorsky; H. Yoon

    2000-01-10

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is leading an effort to evaluate vertical high pressure Bridgman (VHPB) Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te (CZT) crystals grown in the former Soviet Union (FSU) (Ukraine and Russia), in order to study the parameters limiting the crystal quality and the radiation detector performance. The stoichiometry of the CZT crystals, with 0.04 < x < 0.25, has been determined by methods such as proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), X-ray diffraction (XRD), microprobe analysis and laser ablation ICP mass spectroscopy (LA-ICP/MS). Other methods such as triaxial double crystal x-ray diffraction (TADXRD), infrared transmission spectroscopy (IR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermoelectric emission spectroscopy (TEES) and laser induced transient charge technique (TCT) were also used to evaluate the material properties. The authors have measured the zinc distribution in a CZT ingot along the axial direction and also its homogeneity. The (Cd+Zn)/Te average ratio measured on the Ukraine crystals was 1.2, compared to the ratio of 0.9-1.06 on the Russian ingots. The IR transmission showed highly decorated grain boundaries with precipitates and hollow bubbles. Microprobe elemental analysis and LA-ICP/MS showed carbon precipitates in the CZT bulk and carbon deposits along grain boundaries. The higher concentration of impurities and the imperfect crystallinity lead to shorter electron and hole lifetimes in the range of 0.5--2 {micro}s and 0.1 {micro}s respectively, compared to 3--20 {micro}s and 1--7 {micro}s measured on US spectrometer grade CZT detectors. These results are consistent with the lower resistivity and worse crystalline perfection of these crystals, compared to US grown CZT. However, recently grown CZT from FSU exhibited better detector performance and good response to alpha particles.

  7. Analysis of CZT crystals and detectors grown in Russia and the Ukraine by high-pressure Bridgman methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermon, H.; Schieber, M. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)]|[Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel); James, R.B. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)] [and others

    1999-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is leading an effort to evaluate vertical high pressure Bridgman (VHPB) Cd{sub 1{minus}x}Zn{sub x}Te (CZT) crystals grown in the former Soviet Union (FSU) (Ukraine and Russia), in order to study the parameters limiting the crystal quality and the radiation detector performance. The stoichiometry of the CZT crystals, with 0.04 < x < 0.25, has been determined by methods such as proton-induced x-ray emission (PIXE), x-ray diffraction (XRD), microprobe analysis and laser ablation ICP mass spectroscopy (LA-ICP/MS). Other methods such as triaxial double crystal x-ray diffraction (TADXRD), infrared transmission spectroscopy (IR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermoelectric emission spectroscopy (TEES) and laser induced transient charge technique (TCT) were also used to evaluate the material properties. The authors have measured the zinc distribution in a CZT ingot along the axial direction and also its homogeneity. The (Cd+Zn)/Te average ratio measured on the Ukraine crystals was 1.2, compared to the ratio of 0.9--1.06 on the Russian ingots. The IR transmission showed highly decorated grain boundaries with precipitates and hollow bubbles. Microprobe elemental analysis and LA-ICP/MS showed carbon precipitates in the CZT bulk and carbon deposits along grain boundaries. The higher concentration of impurities and the imperfect crystallinity lead to shorter electron and hole lifetimes in the range of 0.5--2 and 0.1 {micro}s, respectively, compared to 3--20 and 1--7 {micro}s measured on US spectrometer grade CZT detectors. These results are consistent with the lower resistivity and worse crystalline perfection of these crystals, compared to US-grown CZT. However, recently grown CZT from FSU exhibited better detector performance and good response to alpha particles.

  8. Blend Down Monitoring System Fissile Mass Flow Monitor Implementation at the ElectroChemical Plant, Zelenogorsk, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uckan, T.

    2005-11-11

    The implementation plans and preparations for installation of the Fissile Mass Flow Monitor (FMFM) equipment at the ElectroChemical Plant (ECP), Zelenogorsk, Russia, are presented in this report. The FMFM, developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is part of the Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS), developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program. The BDMS provides confidence to the United States that the Russian nuclear facilities supplying the lower-assay ({approx}4%) product low enriched uranium (P-LEU) to the United States from down-blended weapons-grade HEU are meeting the nonproliferation goals of the government-to-government HEU Purchase Agreement, signed between the Russian Federation and the United States in 1993. The first BDMS has been operational at Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant, Novouralsk, since February 1999 and is successfully providing HEU transparency data to the United States. The second BDMS was installed at ECP in February 2003. The FMFM makes use of a set of thermalized californium-252 ({sup 252}Cf) spontaneous neutron sources for a modulated fission activation of the UF{sub 6} gas stream for measuring the {sup 235}U fissile mass flow rate. To do this, the FMFM measures the transport time of the fission fragments created from the fission activation process under the modulated source to the downstream detectors by detecting the delayed gamma rays from the fission fragments. The FMFM provides unattended, nonintrusive measurements of the {sup 235}U mass flow in the HEU, LEU blend stock, and P-LEU process legs. The FMFM also provides the traceability of the HEU flow to the product process leg. This report documents the technical installation requirements and the expected operational characteristics of the ECP FMFM.

  9. An environmental assessment strategy for the identification of pollution prevention opportunities in the southern Urals Region of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, M.A.; Ott, R.L.

    1993-08-23

    The serious environmental problems of the South Urals Region of Russia have been broadly described in a report coauthored by Russian weapons scientists. The importance of taking the first steps to prevent further environmental damage and adverse public health effects has been recognized by the international scientific community. Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have initiated a project to assist the Russians in their pollution prevention efforts. The specific objectives of this project are to: (1) conduct a pragmatic survey of the industrial and governmental pollution sources in a limited geographic region of the South Urals and (2) identify the priorities for pollution prevention and for food and water supply improvements at distribution points. The emphasis is on preventing adverse impacts to human health and improving industrial productivity. This project focuses on immediate pollution problems resulting from current operations and their solutions, not on long-term research related to the large-scale cleanup of legacy wastes. The project emphasizes near-term cost effective solutions to prevent pollution while longer term research aimed at contamination from past practices is pursued by other scientists. The project is being conducted in collaboration with environmental and physical scientists from institutes associated with the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; government officials at the national, regional, and local levels; and non-governmental Russian environmental groups. A broad cross section of Russian technical, political, and environmental abilities and interests is mandatory. This cross section will ensure the technical quality, the political acceptability, and the popular credibility of the project results to the affected Russians in the South Urals. Progress on this project is presented in this paper.

  10. Office of Strategic Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bilateral Partnerships * China * Japan * India * Mexico * Brazil * Korea * Israel * Russia * EU * Kazakhstan * United Arab Emirates * Canada Multilateral Partnerships * APEC...

  11. An analysis of commercial opportunities between Brazil and Russian Federation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiczer, Nicholas Vana Ferenczi Semelman

    2013-01-01

    This paper begins with the assumption that trade between Brazil and the Russian Federation is underdeveloped. It thus takes the view that there are other product categories, which presents great chances for further development ...

  12. U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Poneman, Brazil's Deputy Minister...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    their mutual energy security, create new jobs and new industries, and reduce carbon pollution. This weeks meetings took place in parallel with the U.S. - Brazil CEO Forum, a...

  13. Opportunities for technological and economic development policy in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalquist, Stephanie K. (Stephanie Kay), 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Brazil's transformation from an agriculturally-based colonial economy to an industrial republic spans seven decades - from the 1930s to the present - with three rapid growth phases which were each followed by economic and ...

  14. Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Ministry of Energy, Government of India, Annual Report 1087-of the Solar Energy Society of India, SESI-J, Vol. 1,without decreasing energy services in India and Brazil. The

  15. A special report on physics in Brazil New horizons for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    of deep offshore oil fields is creating a hub for industrial R&D, while research investment is opening upLLABoRAtions Alltheworld'sastage 25 Extra investment in international projects is opening up new opportunities for Brazil

  16. Blend Down Monitoring System Fissile Mass Flow Monitor and its Implementation at the Siberian Chemical Enterprise, Seversk, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uckan, T

    2005-07-28

    In this paper the implementation plans and preparations for installation of the Fissile Mass Flow Monitor (FMFM) equipment at the Siberian Chemical Enterprise (SChE), Seversk, Russia, are presented. The FMFM, developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is part of the Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS) for the U.S. Department of Energy Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program. The BDMS provides confidence to the United States that the Russian nuclear facilities supplying the lower assay ({approx}4%) product low enriched uranium (PLEU) to the United States from down-blended weapon-grade HEU are meeting the nonproliferation goals of the government-to-government HEU purchase agreement signed between the Russian Federation and the United States in 1993. The first BDMS has been operational at Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant, Novouralsk, since February 1999. The second BDMS has been operational at Electro Chemical Plant, Zelenogorsk, since March 2003. These systems are successfully providing HEU transparency data to the United States. The third BDMS was successfully installed on the HEU down-blending tee in the SChE Enrichment Plant in October 2004. The FMFM makes use of a set of thermalized {sup 252}Cf spontaneous neutron sources for modulated fission activation of the UF{sub 6} gas stream for measuring the {sup 235}U fissile mass flow rate. To do this, the FMFM measures the transport time of the fission fragments created from the fission activation process under the modulated source to the downstream detectors by detecting the delayed gamma rays from the fission fragments retained in the flow. The FMFM provides unattended nonintrusive measurements of the {sup 235}U mass flow of the UF{sub 6} gas in the blending tee legs of HEU, the LEU blend stock, and the resulting P-LEU. The FMFM also confirms that highly enriched UF{sub 6} gas identified in the HEU leg flows through the blending tee into the P-LEU leg. This report contains details of the SChE FMFM equipment characteristics as well as the technical installation requirements and the latest measurement results.

  17. Patterns of water and heat flux across a biome gradient from tropical forest to savanna in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Porto Velho, RO 78900-000, Brazil. P. Artaxo, L. S. Borma,tropical forest to savanna in Brazil Humberto R. da Rocha, 1RIMA Editora, Sa˜o Carlos, Brazil. Oliveira, R. , et al. (

  18. Examining Public Health System Responses to the Chronic Diseases of HIV/AIDS and Diabetes: Experiences from Mexico and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gidi, Virginia Eve

    2010-01-01

    A. Cohn, Health reform in Brazil: lessons to consider. Am JPetersen, M.L. , et al. , Brazil, in The HIV Pandemic: localof the AIDS epidemic in Brazil: principal epidemiological

  19. I am Black AND Jewish: Black Jewish Women’s Experiences in “White” Jewish Communities in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondek, Abby S.

    2008-01-01

    the contemporary black movement in Brazil. In R. Reichmann (Race in contemporary Brazil (pp. 155-166). University Park,J.J. Crocitti (Eds. ), The Brazil reader: History, culture,

  20. From International Idea to Domestic Policy: Explaining the Emergence of Same-Sex Partnership Recognition in Argentina and Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulenberg, Shawn Richard

    2010-01-01

    Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University ofParties and Governability in Brazil," in Party Politics in2008. "The Pope's Visit to Brazil: Context and Effects," SPW

  1. Patterns of alcohol consumption and related behaviors in Brazil: Evidence from the 2013 National Health Survey (PNS 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macinko, J; Macinko, J; Mullachery, P; Silver, D; Jimenez, G; Neto, OLM

    2015-01-01

    an accurate prevalence in Brazil. Injury 44: S11–S16.in the Federal District, Brazil. Rev Saúde Pública 42: 350–selected drinking behaviors, Brazil 2013. Data source: PNS

  2. Union-Party Links and the Reconfiguration of the Labor Movement: Brazil and Mexico 1990-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljanic, Andra Olivia

    2010-01-01

    São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Dominguez, Jorge. 1998. “FreePress. Flynn, Peter. 2005. “Brazil and Lula, 2005: crisis,para o Brasil [A project for Brazil]. São Paulo, São Paulo,

  3. Union-Party Links and the Reconfiguration of the Labor Movement: Brazil and Mexico 1990-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljanic, Andra Olivia

    2010-01-01

    2003, foreign direct investment declined in both Brazil andahead of Brazil as a recipient of foreign direct investment.direct investment, to approximately USD 37 billion—with Brazil

  4. Should Russia Break Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taagepera, Rein

    1999-01-01

    Such an arrangement was often connected with feudalism.Such quasi-feudalism is not necessarily bad in our own

  5. Energy choices in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebel, R.E.

    1994-12-31

    Ebel concentrates primarily on oil, his specialty and the foundation stone of the Russian energy economy. He also covers natural gas, another important export fuel, as well as coal, economically unproductive and socially explosive, and nuclear energy, whose growth remains adversely affected by Chernobyl.

  6. Affirmative Action in Higher Education and Afro-Descendant Women in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubel, Maraci G.

    2011-05-31

    Affirmative Action in Higher Education and Afro-Descendant Women in Bahia, Brazil In 2001, the federal government of Brazil under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995 - 2003) passed laws to remedy racial and socioeconomic inequality. Responding...

  7. Gendering Representation: Parties, Institutions, and the Under-Representation Of Women In Brazil's State Legislatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dos Santos, Pedro G.

    2012-12-31

    This dissertation provides insights on what influences women's descriptive representation in state legislatures in Brazil. The study of female representation in Brazil provides for a good case study as the country uses a gender quota system...

  8. The point of Corumbau : a case study in emerging market (Brazil) real estate development feasibility analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Paul B., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    In 2003, Renata Oliveira, a young Portuguese architect, has re-discovered the Point of Corumbau in Bahia, Brazil, and, like the Portuguese adventurers who had discovered Brazil 500 years earlier in the same location, found ...

  9. 2012 Joaquim Nabuco Award The Brazil Initiative of the Division of International Studies and the Latin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    2012 Joaquim Nabuco Award The Brazil Initiative of the Division of International Studies Award. This award is given annually to the two best essays on Brazil (any field) by a University

  10. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01

    1980. COUNTRY REPORT BRAZIL TRENDS OF ENERGY USE I N BRAZILBRAZIL KOREA PHILIPPINES INTRODUCTION During the 1970s, energyENERGY DEMAND AND FUEL SUPPLY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BRAZIL,

  11. The Money Trap: NGO Funding and Political Action in Brazil's Favelas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinek, Wendy Grace Muse M

    2012-01-01

    in Brazil: Brazil Beyond Lula: Forging Ahead or Pausing forGómez-Bruera, H.F. 2012. Lula, the PT, and Civil Society8.313). Finally, when President Lula da Silva made the “Zero

  12. Brazil advances subsea technology in Marlim pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-29

    Petroleum Brasileiro SA has extended several water depth records for subsea technology during a pilot project in giant Marlim oil field in the Campos basin off Brazil. Petrobras finished the 10 well Marlim pilot last December. The field's pilot phase was intended to begin early production and enable Petrobras to gather more reservoir data. Ten satellite wells, including two prepilot wells, were completed during the Marlim pilot phase with guidelineless (GLL) wet christmas trees designed and fabricated by FMC Corp., Houston, and CBV Industrial Mechanic SA, Rio de Janeiro. The subsea wells are producing 52,000 b/d of oil and 21.19 MMCfd of gas in water depths of 1,847-2,562 ft. Marlim pilot well flow is routed to a permanent semisubmersible floating production system (FPS). Oil moves from the FPS to a monobuoy that offloads to a shuttle tanker. In addition to marking the first successful uses of purpose-built GLL wet trees, FMC said the Marlim pilot project allowed GLL subsea technology to evolve from conceptual status into a proven deepwater completion method. The paper describes the project.

  13. PROPOSAL OF A FINANCING SCHEME FOR A THIRD NPP IN BRAZIL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filho, Z.D.T.

    2004-10-06

    This presentation discusses a proposal of a financing scheme for a third nuclear power plant in Brazil.

  14. First Report of Black Rot of Colocasia esculenta Caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, Thomas C.

    Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Cx. Postal 02372, CEP 70770-900, Brasília, DF, Brazil; 3 FCA/UNESP, Cx

  15. 2003 ICECE March 16 19, 2003, So Paulo, BRAZIL International Conference on Engineering and Computer Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larkin, Teresa L.

    Session ©2003 ICECE March 16 ­ 19, 2003, São Paulo, BRAZIL International Conference on Engineering

  16. State-Driven Activism: Interest Mobilization in Brazil's AIDS Policy Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rich, Jessica Alexis Jolicoeur

    2012-01-01

    2011. A participação na era Lula: repertórios de interaçãoCharlotte. 2010. Brazil's Lula visits anti-retroviral plant

  17. Brazil-nut effect versus reverse Brazil-nut effect in a moderately dense granular fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vicente Garzo

    2008-09-03

    A new segregation criterion based on the inelastic Enskog kinetic equation is derived to show the transition between the Brazil-nut effect (BNE) and the reverse Brazil-nut effect (RBNE) by varying the different parameters of the system. In contrast to previous theoretical attempts the approach is not limited to the near-elastic case, takes into account the influence of both thermal gradients and gravity and applies for moderate densities. The form of the phase-diagrams for the BNE/RBNE transition depends sensitively on the value of gravity relative to the thermal gradient, so that it is possible to switch between both states for given values of the mass and size ratios, the coefficients of restitution and the solid volume fraction. In particular, the influence of collisional dissipation on segregation becomes more important when the thermal gradient dominates over gravity than in the opposite limit. The present analysis extends previous results derived in the dilute limit case and is consistent with the findings of some recent experimental results.

  18. Women in Physics in Brazil Marlia Caldas and Marcia C. Barbosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Women in Physics in Brazil Marília Caldas and Marcia C. Barbosa Citation: AIP Conf. Proc. 628, 135;Women in Physics in Brazil Marilia Caldas1 and Marcia C. Barbosa2 ^niversidade de Sdo Paulo,2 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul The scientific community in Brazil has been growing steadily

  19. Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium Jo~ao Pessoa, Brazil, August 25-27, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, D. Greg

    Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium Jo~ao Pessoa, Brazil, August 25-27, 2010. Jorge Mechanical Engineering Institute Federal University of Itajub´a Itajub´a, MG, Brazil ariosto and Optimization Symposium Jo~ao Pessoa, Brazil, August 25-27, 2010 ## # # Thermocouples Heat source x y z Figure 1

  20. Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil A. B profile across the Parnaiba cratonic basin in NorthEast Brazil. The purpose of this project is to acquire margin of Parnaíba Basin, Brazil. Geophysics 64: 337-356. Ussami N, Cogo de Sa N, Molina EC. 1993

  1. Guianas-Brazil Shrimp Fishery and Related U.S. Research Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guianas-Brazil Shrimp Fishery and Related U.S. Research Activity Alexander Dragovich-free fishery began to crumble in 1970, as Brazil declared a 200-mile economic zone. To fish in Brazilian waters in the series of 2- and I-year agreements was signed on 9 May 1972 between the United States and Brazil

  2. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Earth-Air Heat exchangers at BUILDING scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Earth-Air Heat exchangers at BUILDING scale Thesis (Brazil) and continental (France) areas. Subject description: This proposal is part of a more global and Mass Transfer, 55 7832-7837, 2012. Expected collaboration in Brazil: Federal University of Rio Grande

  3. A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

    1 A Taxonomy of C-systems ···· WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JOÃO MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

  4. DEMAND-DRIVEN LAND EVALUATION With case studies in Santa Catarina, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEMAND-DRIVEN LAND EVALUATION With case studies in Santa Catarina, Brazil Ivan Luiz Zilli Bacic #12. Verheye, University of Gent, Belgium Dr. G. Sparovek, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. #12;DEMAND-DRIVEN LAND EVALUATION With case studies in Santa Catarina, Brazil Ivan Luiz Zilli Bacic Thesis to fulfill

  5. DIETARY OVERLAP IN FRUGIVOROUSAND INSECTIVOROUS BATS FROM EDAPHIC CERRADO HABITATS OF BRAZIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willig, Michael

    DIETARY OVERLAP IN FRUGIVOROUSAND INSECTIVOROUS BATS FROM EDAPHIC CERRADO HABITATS OF BRAZIL north- eastern Brazil suggest significant ecologicalseparation of species. Nonetheless, recent sim edaphic Cerrado habitats on the Chapada do Araripe in northeastern Brazil. For each of the 11 most common

  6. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Morphogenesis in 3D -understanding the emergence of termite nest architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Morphogenesis in 3D - understanding the emergence of termite are currently being investigated in an ongoing collaboration with two laboratories in Brazil laboratories in Brazil. These collaborations also explore how the nest architectures can be described

  7. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Dendrimers as new drugs against neglected tropical diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Dendrimers as new drugs against neglected tropical diseases America, particularly in Brazil. The #12;disease is severe in people with weakened immune systems, finding new medications is of high interest both for France and Brazil. We propose to use dendrimers

  8. Virtual and Embedded Nutrient Flows from Soybean Production in Mato Grosso, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosso, Brazil Michael J. Lathuillière1,2 (mlathuilliere@gmail.com), Eduardo Guimarães Couto2, Mark S (Vancouver, BC Canada) 2Departamento de Solos, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (Cuiabá, MT Brazil) 3 calculated from annual yields (IBGE 2012) Methods Soybean in Mato Grosso, Brazil Mato Grosso is home

  9. Reconstruction of regional atmospheric circulation features during the late Pleistocene in subtropical Brazil from oxygen isotope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuille, Mathias

    in subtropical Brazil from oxygen isotope composition of speleothems F.W. Cruz Jr. a,b,, S.J. Burns a , I, CEP 05508-080, São Paulo-SP, Brazil c Berkeley Geochronology Center, 2455 Ridge Road, Berkeley, CA of speleothems from caves located in subtropical Brazil provide a broad view of regional climate variations

  10. Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic-000 Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil, {lcalado, ana.claudia}@ieapm.mar.mil.br Acoustic tomography is now a well for an instantaneous sound speed field constructed from dynamical predictions for Cabo Frio, Brazil. The results show

  11. Investigation of Brazil Current rings in the confluence region Carlos A. D. Lentini,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of Brazil Current rings in the confluence region Carlos A. D. Lentini,1 Gustavo J Atlantic. These fields were used to monitor the formation and characteristics of the Brazil Current warm-core anticyclonic rings shed by the first meander trough after poleward excursions of the Brazil Current (BC

  12. A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Marlon C. Machado Grande do Sul, Brazil. jlarocca@unisinos.br ABSTRACT . A new species, Parodia gaucha M. Machado & Larocca (Cactaceae, Notocacteae), from Encruzilhada do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is described and illustrated

  13. The Caribbean spiny lobster, Panuli-rus argus, is distributed from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    870 The Caribbean spiny lobster, Panuli- rus argus, is distributed from Brazil throughout major commercial fisheries in Florida, the Caribbean and Brazil. Commercially, P. argus is especially seen within a spe- cies. Because previous studies did not include populations from Brazil, Sarver et al

  14. INVASION NOTE Crassostrea gigas in natural oyster banks in southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    INVASION NOTE Crassostrea gigas in natural oyster banks in southern Brazil Cla´udio M. R. Melo Æ.V. 2009 Abstract We report on the invasion of Brazil by the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and discuss was found amongst the native species in oyster banks up to 100 km south of oyster farms in South Brazil

  15. Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

  16. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Molecular diversity from renewable furan: Toward new MedChem scaffolds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Molecular diversity from renewable furan: Toward new Med collaboration in Brazil: Decoration of the different scaffolds synthesized and biological assays (antitumoral-Manguinhos Rua Sizenando Nabuco, 100, Manguinhos 21041-250 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Powered by TCPDF (www

  17. I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    I would like all figures in my article published in Black and White Education in Brazil: Marcia C Postal 15051 91501970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil marcia. barbosa@ufrgs.br Keywords Gender, Physics, Brazil Abstract An overview of the Brazilian educational system is presented with the main

  18. Dischargecalcium concentration relationships in streams of the Amazon and Cerrado of Brazil: soil or land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discharge­calcium concentration relationships in streams of the Amazon and Cerrado of Brazil: soil ecosystem function. Throughout the Amazon and Cerrado regions of Brazil rapid changes in land use and land with data from 28 streams throughout Brazil. These streams come from three distinct regions and varied

  19. Submarine groundwater discharge of nutrients to the ocean along a coastal lagoon barrier, Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jahnke, Richard A.

    Brazil L. Felipe H. Niencheski a , Herbert L. Windom b,, Willard S. Moore c , Richard A. Jahnke b a Department of Chemistry, Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Brazil b Skidaway Institute the southern coast of Brazil is linked to the coastal ocean by a narrow mouth and by groundwater transport

  20. ABE@IllinoisAgricultural and Biological Engineering Alumni Newsletter. Spring 2009 Rausch Travels to Brazil with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    Rausch Travels to Brazil with ACES Academy for Global Engagement Kent Rausch, Ph.D. '93 AgE, an associate, an overarching theme in the College has been biofuels," said Rausch. "So our class chose to go to Brazil, since of Rausch Travels to Brazil ...Continued http://abe.illinois.edu Page 2 Mato Grosso. "Mato Grosso could

  1. Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajos National Forest, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of yield regulation options for primary forest in Tapajo´s National Forest, Brazil PaulJN, Scotland b Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazo^nia (IMAZON), CEP 66060-160 Bele´m, Brazil c Projeto Dendrogene, EMBRAPA, CEP 66095-100 Bele´m, Brazil Received 23 November 2005; received

  2. CLEANING ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN BIRDS AND HERBIVOROUS MAMMALS IN BRAZIL: STRUCTURE AND COMPLEXITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordano, Pedro

    CLEANING ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN BIRDS AND HERBIVOROUS MAMMALS IN BRAZIL: STRUCTURE AND COMPLEXITY, Brazil; 2 Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC, E-41080 Sevilla, Spain; 3 Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

  3. Multidecadal climate variability in Brazil's Nordeste during the last 3000 years based on speleothem isotope records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuille, Mathias

    Multidecadal climate variability in Brazil's Nordeste during the last 3000 years based, precipitation record from north- eastern Brazil (hereafter referred to as `Nordeste') covering the last $3000 variability in Brazil's Nordeste during the last 3000 years based on speleothem isotope records, Geophys. Res

  4. Deformation regime variations in an arcuate transpressional orogen (Ribeira belt, SE Brazil) imaged by anisotropy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bascou, Jérôme

    Deformation regime variations in an arcuate transpressional orogen (Ribeira belt, SE Brazil) imaged Paulo, Brazil b Laboratoire de Tectonophysique, Universite´ de Montpellier II CNRS, Montpellier, France Instituto de Geocie^ncias, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil Received 23 September

  5. I. Electronic Voting Systems--Is Brazil Ahead of its Time?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivest, Ronald L.

    CONTENTS I. Electronic Voting Systems-- Is Brazil Ahead of its Time? II. Misassessment of Security. Electronic Voting Systems--Is Brazil Ahead of its Time? Pedro A.D. Rezende A B S T R A C T The first article;Electronic Voting Systems Is Brazil ahead of its time? Pedro A. D. Rezende Department of Computer Science

  6. Brazil Week "Vanderbilt"and the Vanderbilt logo are registered trademarks and service marks of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Brazil Week "Vanderbilt"and the Vanderbilt logo are registered trademarks and service marks of Citizenship in Late-Nineteenth-Century Brazil" 4:00 p.m. Buttrick Hall 123 Futebol Tournament All are invited.d.larson@vanderbilt.edu. 5:30 p.m. Alumni Lawn Wednesday SEPT World on Wednesday "Vanderbilt and Brazil: Past Present

  7. AGES CONSTRAINTS IN PEGMATITE PROVINCE RELATED TO CHARNOCKITIC HOST ROCKS IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AGES CONSTRAINTS IN PEGMATITE PROVINCE RELATED TO CHARNOCKITIC HOST ROCKS IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL Fernando Machado de MELLO1 , Essaid BILAL2* , 1- Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil/ +33 4 7749 9707 Abstract Cambrian-Neoproterozoic granitoids suites in southeastern Brazil are the main

  8. Natural Arsenic in Groundwater and Alkaline Lakes at the upper Paraguay basin, Pantanal, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural Arsenic in Groundwater and Alkaline Lakes at the upper Paraguay basin, Pantanal, Brazil L, Brazil d Université de Provence, Aix Marseille 1, France e Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Três Lagoas, Brazil f Laboratoire de Géomophologie Appliquée, Université de

  9. Soil mineral genesis and distribution in a saline lake landscape of the Pantanal Wetland, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Soil mineral genesis and distribution in a saline lake landscape of the Pantanal Wetland, Brazil S Geografia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil b Soil & Water Sciences Program, Department São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 20 August

  10. Soil morphological control on saline and freshwater lake hydrogeochemistry in the Pantanal of Nhecolndia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    morphological control on saline and freshwater lake hydrogeochemistry in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia, Brazil L-MS, Brazil 4 ­ Laboratório de Pedologia, Departamento de Geografia, Universidade de São Paulo C.P. 8105, 05508-900, São Paulo, Brazil 5 - UFMS, Departamento de Geografia, Campus de Três Lagoas, Av. Ranulfo

  11. The Role of Education in the U.S. -Brazil Relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavusoglu, Cenk

    The Role of Education in the U.S. - Brazil Relationship Featuring Ambassador Shannon U.S. Ambassador to Brazil Tuesday, March 05, 2013 2:15 ­ 3:00 p.m. Tomlinson Hall Lobby Join Ambassador Shannon as he discusses Brazil and its desire to use education and research in economic advancement

  12. Distribution and Dynamic of Gibbsite and Kaolinite in an Oxisol of Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Brazil Sônia Furian Depto de Geografia ­ USP-FFLCH Cidade universitaria C.P. 8105, Cep: 05508-900 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil Laurent Barbiéro IRD, Laboratoire des Mécanismes de Transfert en Géologie, 39, Allées, Cep: 05 422-970 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil Pierre Curmi INRA-ENSA,Unité Sol et Agronomie de Rennes Quimper

  13. MINERALOGY AND GENESIS OF SMECTITES IN AN ALKALINE-SALINE ENVIRONMENT OF PANTANAL WETLAND, BRAZIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    MINERALOGY AND GENESIS OF SMECTITES IN AN ALKALINE-SALINE ENVIRONMENT OF PANTANAL WETLAND, BRAZIL, Universidade de Sa~o Paulo (USP), Av. Prof. Dr. Lineu Prestes, 338, 05508-900, Sa~o Paulo, Brazil 2 Soil-saline lake of Nhecola^ndia, a sub-region of the Pantanal wetland, Brazil, and then to identify the mechanisms

  14. Winter distribution and abundance of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off Northeastern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões-Lopes, Paulo César

    Brazil Alexandre N. Zerbini* , Artur Andriolo+ , Jesuina M. da Rocha# , Paulo César Simões'). The northeastern coast of Brazil was an important whaling ground in the 20th century. Shipboard sighting surveys off northeastern Brazil suggests that the species is reoccupying historical areas of distribution

  15. A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

    15 A Taxonomy of C-systems · WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JOÃO MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

  16. IAS 3353 001 Modern Brazil Instructor: Dr. Erika Robb-Larkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    IAS 3353 001 Modern Brazil Instructor: Dr. Erika Robb-Larkins MW 3:00-4:15 p.m. Hester Hall, room an anthropological perspective. Beginning with a broad overview of Brazil's colonial history and emergence the course with an appreciation of the complexities of Brazil today.... and with a desire to hop on the next

  17. Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Investments in Brazil, China and India Brazil-China-India Workshop on Energy Efficiency Financing Cross country exchange, outreach and dissemination Juan Zak URC Brazil, May 2004 #12;2 What is URC ? · URC is the UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy

  18. Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil Margin University of Birmingham, biostratigraphy, Brazil, Cretaceous Overview The Late Cretaceous stratigraphy of the Equatorial margin of North East Brazil holds a unique record of the final stages of the opening of the South Atlantic. During

  19. Organisation of the soil mantle in tropical southeastern Brazil (Serra do Mar)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Organisation of the soil mantle in tropical southeastern Brazil (Serra do Mar) in relation-900 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil And INRA-ENSA. Laboratoire des sciences du sol 65 rue de St Brieuc 35042 RennesORSTOM - Instituto de geociencias - DGG ­ USP C.P. 11 348 Cep: 05 422-970 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil Correspondence

  20. Integrated modelling of water availability and water use in the semi-arid Northeast of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bronstert, Axel

    Integrated modelling of water availability and water use in the semi-arid Northeast of Brazil A: Bronstert 1 Integrated modelling of water availability and water use in the semi-arid Northeast of Brazil A con- straint for development in the semi-arid Northeast of Brazil. Quanti cation of natural water

  1. Brazil is a major international player in the carbon markets that function under the UN Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based ethanol, and the construction of Brazil's mega-hydropower facilities, resulting in a cleaner energy matrix Brazil's pursuit of energy independence in the context of a corresponding national development effortBrazil is a major international player in the carbon markets that function under the UN Framework

  2. Observed low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Brazil Current front. Trends of eddy kinetic energy, sea height anomaly, sea surface temperature and windObserved low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front Gustavo Jorge Goni,1 Francis Bringas; published 29 October 2011. [1] The Brazil Current is a weak western boundary current, the southwest

  3. Proc. of 2nd Intern. Workshop "New Models of Business: Managerial Aspects and Enabling Technology", St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 26-28, 2002, 212-220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivulin, Nikolai K.

    Proc. of 2nd Intern. Workshop "New Models of Business: Managerial Aspects and Enabling Technology, the information systems normally provide for modeling of business processes on the basis of both mathematical", St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 26-28, 2002, 212-220 Algebraic Modeling

  4. Desk study of the proposed Petroleum Resource Management and Assessment project for the Western Siberia Administration, Russia. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15

    The United States Trade and Development Program (TDP) is considering the provision of funds to allow a U.S. firm or firms to be hired to conduct a feasibility study on a Petroleum Resource Management and Assessment project in Russia's West Siberian Basin. To evaluate whether or not to fund the study, TDP contracted a Desk Study to evaluate the concept of the project; cost out the scope of work for the feasibility study; estimate the potential exports of U.S. equipment and services during project implementation; and make a recommendation as to whether TDP should fund the study. The goal of the feasibility study would be to stem the rapid decline in oil and gas production which has resulted in a well-publicized hard currency crisis.

  5. Shear wave splitting in SE Brazil: an eect of active or fossil upper mantle ow, or both?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barruol, Guilhem

    Shear wave splitting in SE Brazil: an e¡ect of active or fossil upper mantle £ow, or both?§ Maggy, Brazil c Universidade de SaBrazil Received 26 the structure of the upper mantle beneath southeastern Brazil using teleseismic shear wave splitting

  6. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    the possibility of Iraqi refugee movements seriously and tocoordination mechanisms. Refugees have constituted one ofyears. Not only have refugees constituted a major objective

  7. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    protect those oil interests - American investments and theup to 75% of oil profits until their investment was paid for

  8. Macei Alagoas -Brazil Beam casting implicit surfaces on the GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Maceió ­ Alagoas - Brazil Beam casting implicit surfaces on the GPU with interval arithmetic Francisco Ganacim Luiz Henrique de Figueiredo Diego Nehab #12;8/27/11 2Beam casting implicit surfaces on the GPU with interval arithmetic 2 Barth: Related work Introduction #12;8/27/11 3Beam casting implicit

  9. Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 and type 2 seroprevalence, incidence, and residual transfusion risk among blood donors in Brazil during 2007-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    in HIV/AIDS patients from Brazil: Comparative performances30220-090 Brazil E-mail: anna.proietti@hemominas.mg.gov.brRisk Among Blood Donors in Brazil During 2007–2009 Anna Ba´

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 105,NO. Cll, PAGES 26,167-26,177,NOVEMBER 15,2000 Annual cycle of the Brazil-Malvinas confluenceregion in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cycle of the Brazil-Malvinas confluenceregion in the National Center for Atmospheric Research Climate System Model liana Wainer DepartmentofPhysicalOceanography,Universityof SiloPaulo,Brazil Peter Gent coarseresolutionclimatemodel,suchastheCSM, cansuccessfullyreproduce majorcharacteristicsoftheBrazil

  11. Sunn hemp, a major source-plant of the phytoplasma associated with huanglongbing symptoms of sweet orange in São Paulo State, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    orange in São Paulo State, Brazil. N. A. Wulff 1* , D. C.Araraquara, SP, 14807-040, Brazil; 2 Departamento deWorkshop; Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. p.18. Zhao Y, Wei W, Lee

  12. Spin Structure of Nucleons XXVI Physics in Collisions, Bzios, Brazil, July 6-9 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spin Structure of Nucleons XXVI Physics in Collisions, Búzios, Brazil, July 6-9 2006 Wolf in Collisions, B´uzios, Brazil, July 6-9 2006 ­ p.1 #12;Table of Contents Spin budget of the proton DIS´uzios, Brazil, July 6-9 2006 ­ p.2 #12;Spin Budget of the Proton Naive Quark-Parton Model: qu = 4 3 qd = - 1 3

  13. Natural resource appropriation in cooperative artisanal fishing between fishermen and dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Laguna, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões-Lopes, Paulo César

    (Tursiops truncatus) in Laguna, Brazil De´bora Peterson a,*, Natalia Hanazaki a , Paulo Ce´sar Simo/ECZ, Floriano´polis, SC 88010-970, Brazil b Laborato´rio de Mami´feros Aqua´ticos, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, CCB/ECZ, Floriano´polis, SC 88010-970, Brazil a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Available

  14. O P I N I O N Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a `midway' strategy for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    in the 1970s, generated by the oil crisis, led Brazil to start a program to substitute ethanol for gasoline the `blending wall', which limited th

  15. Health in black and white : debates on racial and ethnic health disparities in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagano, Anna

    2011-01-01

    Maria Eliana Labra 2000 Health Sector Reform in Brazil: AInternational Journal of Health Services 30(1):129-162.Zilda Pereira da Silva 2007 Health Inequalities Based on

  16. Nuclear rapprochement in Argentina and Brazil: Workshop summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Doyle

    1999-10-01

    On October 21 and 22, 1998, the Center for International Security Affairs at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Center for Global Security and Cooperation at Science Applications International Corporation hosted the first of a series of work-shops on states that have chosen to roll back their pursuit of nuclear arms. The objective of the workshop series is to conduct a systematic evaluation of the roles played by U.S. nonproliferation policy in cases of nuclear rollback or restraint and to provide recommendations for future nonproliferation efforts based on lessons learned. Key attendees at the workshop included officials and former officials from the foreign ministries of Argentina and Brazil, and current and former officials from the U.S. Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and the Department of Energy (DOE). Scholars and independent researchers who have examined nuclear policy in Argentina and Brazil also participated. This workshop report includes important background information that helps set the stage for assessing nuclear policies in Argentina and Brazil. It describes national perspectives and areas of consensus and debate among the participants, particularly on the questions of lessons learned and their salience to proliferation challenges in other states. It also summarizes key questions and propositions regarding the roles played in these cases by U.S. nonproliferation policy.

  17. Intergenerational mobility in earnings in Brazil spanning three generations and optimal investment in electricity generation in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchon, Cassia Helena

    2008-10-10

    This dissertation contains three essays. The first and second essays examine intergenerational mobility in earnings in Brazil using a data set spanning three generations. I use data from PNAD{a nationally representative household survey in Brazil. I...

  18. EngOpt 2008 -International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 01 -05 June 2008.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    EngOpt 2008 - International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 01 - 05 Luiz Englert, s/n CEP: 90040-040 - Porto Alegre - RS - BRAZIL E-mail: arge@enq.ufrgs.br 1. Abstract

  19. Call for Submissions The Anthropology department is pleased to invite students to submit papers for the 2013 Brazil Abroad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    to submit papers for the 2013 Brazil Abroad scholarship compe>>on. The following>ons? · Email Laura Zano[ lzano[@purdue.edu PAPER COMPETITION BRAZIL ABROAD 2013 #12;

  20. Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Since 1992--the end of the Cold War--Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a niche for itself in the international community. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil embarked on a new direc- tion vis, positioning Brazil as a spokesperson for the global, using the language of solidarity to open new

  1. Entrepreneurial Strategies and New Forms of Rationalisation of Production in the Building Construction Sector of Brazil and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Construction Sector of Brazil and France Proceedings IGLC-7 369 ENTREPRENEURIAL STRATEGIES AND NEW FORMS OF RATIONALISATION OF PRODUCTION IN THE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SECTOR OF BRAZIL AND FRANCE Francisco F. Cardoso1 in France and Brazil, in the light of strategies of the building construction firms. The above mentioned

  2. A rescue robot of Team Hector in action at the Robocup world championship 2014 in Brazil. Image: Dept. SIM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    2014/07/31 A rescue robot of Team Hector in action at the Robocup world championship 2014 in Brazil. Image: Dept. SIM Rescue robots from TU Darmstadt win RoboCup world championship in Brazil At this year's RoboCup, which was held July 19 to 25 in João Pessoa, Brazil, Team Hector of the TU Darmstadt beat

  3. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Flow and ebb of the Afro-Brazilian memoirs in African French-speaking novels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Flow and ebb of the Afro-Brazilian memoirs in African French and of return connected to the slave trade between Africa and Brazil: Tierno Monénembo with Pelourinho (Paris, in Brazil, eather both. The research will combine, among others, the anthropological and narratological

  4. Deformation of a pervasively molten middle crust: insights from the neoproterozoic Ribeira-Aracuai orogen (SE Brazil)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommasi, Andrea

    -Arac¸uai´ orogen (SE Brazil) Alain Vauchez,1 Marcos Egydio-Silva,2 Marly Babinski,2 Andre´a Tommasi,1 Alexandre, 562 Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900 Sa~o Paulo, SP, Brazil; 3 Instituto de Geocie^ncias Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Anto^nio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; 4

  5. UV degradation of hdpe and pvc geomembranes in laboratory exposure So Paulo State University (UNESP) -Ilha Solteira (Brazil)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    University (UNESP) - Ilha Solteira (Brazil) Bueno, B.S. University of State of São Paulo (USP) at São Carlos (Brazil) Zornberg, J.G. University of Texas (UT) at Austin (USA) Keywords: UV degradation, weathering International Conference on Geosynthetics, Brazil, 2010 821 3 #12;were used like a guide: ASTM D638 (Standard

  6. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The sea-surface structure of North Brazil Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Brazil Current Rings derived from shipboard and moored ADCP observations G. P. Castel~ao Division Atlantic, the North Brazil Current retroflec- tion periodically sheds large anticyclonic rings, which then propagate north- westward. Between 1998­2000, the North Brazil Current Rings Experiment sampled a large

  7. Climbing the Academy Ladder in Brazil: Physics Mnica Alonso Cotta, Marlia J. Caldas, and Marcia C. Barbosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Climbing the Academy Ladder in Brazil: Physics Mônica Alonso Cotta, Marília J. Caldas, and Marcia C;Climbing the Academy Ladder in Brazil: Physics Monica Alonso Cotta^, Marilia J. Caldas'', and Marcia C. Barbosa'^ "Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil; Instituto de Fisica

  8. EngOpt 2012 -International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Frederico

    EngOpt 2012 - International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Departamento de Matem´atica, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, 35400-000 - Ouro Preto - MG, Brazil E-mail: anderson

  9. La utilizacin de imgenes de Landsat TM para cuantificar reas de deforestacin en la regin de Mato Grosso, Brazil.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Mato Grosso, Brazil. Yomayra A. Román Colón1 Departamento de Geología, Universidad de Puerto Rico cuantificar la deforestación en la zona más impactada del estado de Mato Grosso en Brazil. El estudio incluye Grosso, Brazil utilizando imágenes de alta resolución del satélite Landsat TM 4-5. Cómo parte de este

  10. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Computer Aided Design of bio-based molecules. Application to lipid derivatives.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Computer Aided Design of bio-based molecules. Application of value-added molecules. To improve the lipids usage in chemical industry, this collaborative work France-Brazil in France and 2) the knowledge in modeling of lipid-based systems in Brazil. Following a Process System

  11. Cyatta abscondita: Taxonomy, Evolution, and Natural History of a New Fungus-Farming Ant Genus from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    Brazil Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo1,2* , Ted R. Schultz2* , Carlos R. F. Brandão3 , Christiana Klingenberg4 Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, 4 Abteilung Entomologie, Staatliches Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, 6 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge

  12. Sulfate adsorption and its relationships with properties of representative soils of the Sa~o Paulo State, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    State, Brazil M.E. Alves, A. Lavorenti* Departamento de Cie^ncias Exatas, Escola Superior de Agricultura ``Luiz de Queiroz''--ESALQ/USP, Caixa Postal 09, 13418-900, Piracicaba (SP), Brazil Received 27 August, electrochemical and mineralogical properties of representative soils of the Sa~o Paulo State, Brazil, were

  13. Chemical and electrochemical properties of an OxisolUltisol transition in the state of Sa~o Paulo, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

    , Brazil Aline R. Coscionea,*, Antonio C. Moniza,1 , Daniel Vidal Pe´rezb , Ma´rcia M.C. Ferreirac , Ota^mico de Campinas, 13001-970, Campinas-SP, Brazil b Centro Nacional de Pesquisas de Solos, EMBRAPA, 22460-000, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil c Instituto de Qui´mica-Universidade Estadual de Campinas, CP 6154, 13084

  14. E-Voting in Brazil -The Risks to Democracy Jos Rodrigues-Filho, Cynthia J. Alexander, and Luciano C. Batista

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matwin, Stan

    - 85 - E-Voting in Brazil - The Risks to Democracy José Rodrigues-Filho, Cynthia J. Alexander, and Luciano C. Batista Federal University of Paraiba, Paraiba, Brazil and Acadia University, Nova Scotia be implemented - then the implications for democracy should be considered. Brazil's introduction of e

  15. Distribution and Status of the Guiana Dolphin Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea, Delphinidae) Population in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões-Lopes, Paulo César

    in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil Marta J. Cremer1,2, *, Fernando A.S. Hardt1 , Antonio J. Tonello Jr1 Região de Joinville, Caixa Postal 110, Cep 89240-000, São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil 2 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas ­ Zoologia, Univ. Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil 3

  16. Rust disease of eucalypts, caused by Puccinia psidii, did not originate via host jump from guava in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Brazil RODRIGO N. GRACß A,*1 AMY L. ROSS-DAVIS, NED B. KLOPFENSTEIN, MEE-SOOK KIM, TOBIN L. PEEVER,§ PHIL Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Vicßosa, Vicßosa, MG 36570-000, Brazil, USDA Forest Service ­ Rocky, Puccinia psidii, is a devastating pathogen of introduced eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp.) in Brazil where

  17. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 The italian manuscripts of Rio National Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: The italian manuscripts of Rio National Library Thesis National Library (cent. XVth to XIXth). The PhD will focus on the valuation of this specifical brasilian manuscripts Expected collaboration in Brazil: Collaboration with the Rio National Library, Mario de Andrade

  18. Family farmers and Manioc in contemporary Brazil: the management of agrobiodiversity and change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Patricia

    2006-01-01

    Manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food in the North and NE of Brazil and is the main crop and source of sustenance for many thousands of small-scale family farmers. It is native to Brazil and has been cultivated ...

  19. Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused by Teratosphaeria (Mycosphaerella) nubilosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    302 Mycosphaerella leaf disease (MLD) outbreak on Eucalyptus globulus in Brazil caused of young plantations of Eucalyptus globulus trees showing symptoms resembling My- cosphaerella leaf disease spread of T. nubilosa northwards into Brazil's main Eucalyptus-growing areas as well as to other South

  20. Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

    1989-07-01

    We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. NREL-Brazil Bilateral Technical Coordination | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name:NREL's Renewable EnergyBrazil

  2. BioClean Energy Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpower SrlHydroelectricBioClean Energy Brazil

  3. GE Global Research in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear Physics (NP)aboutRio de Janeiro, Brazil Rio

  4. CONVNIOS, PROJETOS, COOPERAES INTERNACIONAIS 2012-2013: Projeto MCT/CNPq No. 066/2010 (FP7-2011-EU-Brazil) "Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paraná, Universidade Federal do

    /2010 (FP7-2011-EU-Brazil) "Technology platform for point-of-care diagnostics for tropical deseases. 2010 - 2014: Titulo: P116M100008 - Sustainable Energy and Aeronautical Engineering - U.S.-Brazil Higher of Pittsburgh; Brazil Lead: Universidade Federal de Itajuba & Brazil Partner: Federal University of Parana

  5. Renewable energy in Brazil: opportunities, barriers, and remedies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jhirad, D.J.; Rutter, W.

    1982-03-01

    An overview of the major conclusions is presented according to the goals of the study; and contents of the various chapters of the report are outlined. All major energy planning organizations in Brazil at the federal and state level perceive an urgent need for petroleum substitution by means of energy-efficient technology, coal, hydroelectricity, biomass, solar, and wind. Technologies and applications considered of high priority for US/Brazilian cooperative efforts are the following: Energy-efficient technology, used with indigenous hydroelectricity, especially heat pumps to provide (1) low temperature hot water for industrial applications, and (2) air conditioning and hot water for residential and commercial applications; solar thermal technology for low and intermediate temperature industrial process heat, and for crop drying; and small wind turbines and photovoltaic power systems for irrigation pumping and other rural applications. Certain technologies were excluded from the scope of the study by mutual agreement because a great deal of activity in such technologies was already taking place in Brazil, or because commercialization prospects seemed remote, or because of regulatory barriers. Energy conversion systems employing biomass, small- and large-scale hydropower, ocean thermal energy gradients, and cogeneration systems are not examined.

  6. Geographic Distribution of Chagas Disease Vectors in Brazil Based on Ecological NicheModeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurgel-Gonç alves, Rodrigo; Galvã o, Cleber; Costa, Jane; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2011-01-01

    ]. At that time, 4.2% of the Brazilian population was estimated to be infected and around 100,000 new cases were recorded per year [7]. In 1991, Brazil joined the South- ern Cone Initiative, an international consortium with the main objective of reducing vectorial... Medicine reduced drastically [11]. In 2006, the Intergovernmental Initiative of Southern Cone, OMS, certified Brazil as free of vectorial transmission by T. infestans [12, 13]. In Brazil, the current estimate is that 1.9 million people are infected [10...

  7. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and students from 32 institutions in six countries, including Brazil, France, Greece, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The institutions include...

  8. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, the Peoples Republic of China, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States, and...

  9. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and students from 32 institutions in 6 countries, including Brazil, France, Greece, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The institutions include...

  10. russia | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

  11. Reassessing Putin's Russia: European Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corum, James; Thornton, Gabriela Marin; Yakobashvili, Temuri

    2014-11-03

    One essential element in a successful energy conservation or Encon program is effective motivation of employees and organizations to conserve energy. Encon motivation in our European refineries is a continuing effort that requires utilization...

  12. Free, Social, and Inclusive: Appropriation and Resistance of New Media Technologies in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horst, Heather A

    2011-01-01

    phone market, 81.1% is prepaid. Within this context, thephones in Brazil use the prepaid calls systems, and a largeSullivan (2006) estimate that prepaid subscribers talk four

  13. Almerio B. Franca Petrobras-E&P-BC, Av. Chile 65, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, J. Barry

    in 1972. He has worked in resource geology of both oil and minerals, in South Africa, Brazil, Mexico, Cuba, and China in addition to the United States, with focus on the inorganic geochem- istry of shales

  14. Reforming pharmaceutical regulation: a case study of generic drugs in Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonseca, Elize Massard da

    2011-12-09

    Brazil is renowned worldwide for its remarkable reforms in pharmaceutical regulation, which have enhanced access to essential medicines while lowering drug costs. As part of these reforms, the Generic Drug Act was introduced in 1999. This policy...

  15. Reforming pharmaceutical regulation: a case study of generic drugs in Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonseca, Elize Massard

    2012-06-29

    Brazil is renowned worldwide for its remarkable reforms in pharmaceutical regulation, which have enhanced access to essential medicines while lowering drug costs. As part of these reforms, the Generic Drug Act was ...

  16. International Telecommunications Symposium ITS2002, Natal, Brazil Joint Symbol Detection and Multi-Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    International Telecommunications Symposium ­ ITS2002, Natal, Brazil Joint Symbol Detection symbol, Ì is the symbol period and Դصis a unit amplitude rectangular shap- ing pulse of duration Ì

  17. Purification, crystallization and initial crystallographic characterization of brazil-nut allergen Ber e 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Feng; Jin, Tengchuan; Howard, Andrew; Zhang, Yu-Zhu, E-mail: zhangy@iit.edu [Department of Biology, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616 (United States)

    2007-11-01

    The crystallization of the brazil nut allergen Ber e 2 is reported. Peanut and tree-nut allergies have attracted considerable attention because of their frequency and their lifelong persistence. Brazil-nut (Bertholletia excelsa) allergies have been well documented and the 11S legumin-like seed storage protein Ber e 2 (excelsin) is one of the two known brazil-nut allergens. In this study, Ber e 2 was extracted from brazil-nut kernels and purified to high purity by crystalline precipitation and gel-filtration chromatography. Well diffracting single crystals were obtained using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. A molecular-replacement structural solution has been obtained. Refinement of the structure is currently under way.

  18. All that glitters is not gold : unexpected lessons from a slum upgrading program in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuin, Valentina

    2005-01-01

    This paper looks at the Ribeira Azul Slum Upgrading Program in Salvador de Bahia Brazil, implemented by the development agency of the state of Bahia, CONDER, and the Italian NGO Associazione Volontari per il Servizio ...

  19. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  20. Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. Discussions will cover of key international issues including relations with China, the Korean Peninsula, Russia, Iran and Iraq and security, enhancing trade, working together to tackle global challenges and the bringing together of people

  1. Genetic and environmental factors affecting growth and reproduction characters of Morada Nova sheep in Northeastern Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes, Antonio Amaury Oria

    1985-01-01

    sheep was raised at the Fazenda Iracema-Sertao Central Research Unit which belongs to the "Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Ceara" (EPACE). The Fazenda Iracema is located at Quixada, Ceara, Brazil situ- Table 3 Summary of the Experimental Morada... collected over a 6-year period (1979-1984) from the Morada Nova sheep flock (Figure 2) maintained by the Experimental Research Unit of the "Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Ceara" (EPACE) at the Experimental Iracema Farm, Quixada, Ceara, Brazil...

  2. Microsatellite diversity and genetic structure among common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces in Brazil, a secondary center of diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burle, Marília Lobo; Fonseca, Jaime Roberto; Kami, James A.; Gepts, Paul

    2010-01-01

    L. ) of south-Brazil. Euphy- tica 120:257–263 Maciel FL,e diversidade gené- tica no melhoramento do feijoeiro no

  3. Union-Party Links and the Reconfiguration of the Labor Movement: Brazil and Mexico 1990-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljanic, Andra Olivia

    2010-01-01

    Peter. 2005. “Brazil and Lula, 2005: crisis, corruption and3. ” In March 2007, President Lula signed into law a billtax collections. However, Lula vetoed the controversial “

  4. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342ChinaRussiaUnitedDecade

  5. Public perception of the nuclear area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imeida, R.A. de

    2013-07-01

    In Brazil electricity production is proving increasingly important, the Brazilian government has recently launched the National Energy Plan, PNE-2030 which aims, among other objectives, to conclude construction of the Angra 3 plant and to deploy new nuclear power plants in the Northeast region. The Brazilian government wants to assess how the public has perceived its energy policy and what the public thinks about the nuclear issue. A public opinion survey was performed and sampling resulted in 127 respondents who were stratified by gender, age and educational level. The survey results show that although most respondents have post-graduate degrees, 64.6% are not aware of, or had never heard of PNE-2030. While 72 respondents consider nuclear energy as an alternative source of clean energy, 84 respondents did not know where the next Brazilian nuclear power plant will be built. The nuclear regulator, CNEN, is seen by 45.7% of respondents as the body that has most credibility to talk about the safety of nuclear power plants and the media most used to obtain information about the nuclear area were newspapers and discussion forums, with 52 and 50 votes respectively. These results prove the need to implement communication plans with clear and concise goals for different segments of society, since the degree of understanding differs within each segment.

  6. FE Prediction of Bearing Capacity of Reinforced Soil under Plane Strain C.L. Nogueira, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto/MG, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    , Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto/MG, Brazil R.R.V. Oliveira, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto/MG, Brazil J.G. Zornberg, University of Texas at Austin, Austin/TX, USA R.F. Azevedo, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa/MG, Brazil ABSTRACT This paper presents a numerical simulation, using

  7. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 104, NO. C9, PAGES 21,063-21,082, SEPTEMBER 15, 1999 Intermediate water in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intermediate water in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence Zone: A Lagrangian view Olaf Boebel,· Claudia Schmid,2 subtropicalregionsaroundthe Brazil-Malvinas(Falkland)ConfluenceZone is studied,usingdailyhydrographicand kinematicdata from-frontalprocesseswere observedcloseto meander crests.The limited numberof floatsof this studyand the complexstructureof the Brazil

  8. Teaching Computer Graphics in Brazil M. WALTER1, A. FRERY2, CARLA M.D.S. FREITAS3, LEO P. MAGALH ~AES4, LUIZ VELHO5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Teaching Computer Graphics in Brazil M. WALTER1, A. FRERY2, CARLA M.D.S. FREITAS3, L´EO P. MAGALH about computer graphics teaching and education in Brazil. We hope this discussion will further The activities related with Computer Graphics Teaching in Brazil have received relatively little attention

  9. Women and physics in Brazil: Publications, citations and H index Jeferson J. Arenzon, Patrcia Duarte, Solange Cavalcanti, and Marcia C. Barbosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Women and physics in Brazil: Publications, citations and H index Jeferson J. Arenzon, Patrícia Ladder in Brazil: Physics AIP Conf. Proc. 1119, 87 (2009); 10.1063/1.3137921 Women in Physics: Power and Prejudice in Brazil AIP Conf. Proc. 1119, 199 (2009); 10.1063/1.3137773 Women in Physics in Slovakia AIP

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 101, NO. C7, PAGES 16,273-16,289, JULY 15, 1996 Dynamicsof the Brazil-Malvinas Confluencebasedon inverted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Brazil-Malvinas Confluencebasedon inverted echo soundersand altilnetry Gustavo Goni and Scott Kamholz the dynamicsof the upper layerin the Brazil-Malvinas Confluenceregion.We usethe altimeter data to estimatethe the BrazilCurrent,MalvinasCurrent, andwarm anticyclonicandcoldcycloniceddies.We introducea two

  11. ProFIS: A New Paradigm for Higher Education in Brazil1 Public universities represent nowadays a relatively small part of the Brazilian higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomes, Francisco A. M.

    1 ProFIS: A New Paradigm for Higher Education in Brazil1 Public universities represent nowadays and in terms of enrolment. Approximately 3/4 of all undergraduate students in Brazil attend private selective universities in Brazil. ProFIS (Interdisciplinary Higher Education Program) is a two

  12. Building bridges from B.C. to Brazil; Ties being developed through student exchanges will provide a foundation for future relationships that benefit all

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    Building bridges from B.C. to Brazil; Ties being developed through student exchanges will provide growth and a new-found confidence to compete in complex industries with established world leaders. Brazil is one of these new powerhouses. With a population of more than 190 million, Brazil is set to become one

  13. Traditional communities, multinationals and biodiversity: the example of an innovative partnership between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of So

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    between the cosmetic firm Natura and the Brazil nut extractivists of São Francisco in the Sustainable Studies Association, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 11-14th , 2009. 1 halshs-00493592,version1-20Jun2010 Author manuscript, published in "LASA 2009 conference, Rion de janeiro : Brazil (2009)" #12;Abstract

  14. BP Studentship* in the Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Oxford Tectonic evolution of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, NE Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, NE Brazil Supervisors: Prof. A. B. Watts and Dr. M. Daly (BP) * Subject to funding structure and petroleum play. The focus will be on the Parnaiba basin in NE Brazil, one of the world in Brazil and the UK, will involve the acquisition of seismic reflection and refraction profile data along

  15. Title of the paper: Comparison of frailty between users and non-users of a day care center using the Kihon Checklist in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    care center using the Kihon Checklist in Brazil Short running title: Frailty in users and non in Brazil to meet the needs of the increasing older population. However, the health profiles were recruited at a day care center for the elderly in Brazil. The measurements consisted

  16. Gemstone mining as a development cluster: A study of Brazil's emerald mines Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Gemstone mining as a development cluster: A study of Brazil's emerald mines Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira a,n , Saleem H. Ali b,1 a United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS), 6F scale mining Cluster Social upgrade Local development Latin America Brazil a b s t r a c t For many

  17. Spatialtemporal patterns of Ceratocystis wilt in Eucalyptus plantations in Brazil By M. A. Ferreira1,7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, Thomas C.

    Spatial­temporal patterns of Ceratocystis wilt in Eucalyptus plantations in Brazil By M. A Ceratocystis wilt, caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata, has become the most important disease in eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp. and hybrids) plantations in Brazil. To further our understanding of the epidemiology

  18. Unpublished manuscript, INPE, Brazil, Last update: December 2004 Efficacious sustainability of GIS Development within a low income country: the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    Unpublished manuscript, INPE, Brazil, Last update: December 2004 Efficacious sustainability of GIS (GIS) software and technological approaches in Brazil and their application. Issues encountered not possess the complex technical and human resources required by GIS technology. After a review of earlier

  19. Competition of Brazil nut effect, buoyancy, and inelasticity induced segregation in a granular mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Brito; Rodrigo Soto

    2010-12-21

    It has been recently reported that a granular mixture in which grains differ in their restitution coefficients presents segregation: the more inelastic particles sink to the bottom. When other segregation mechanisms as buoyancy and the Brazil nut effect are present, the inelasticity induced segregation can compete with them. First, a detailed analysis, based on numerical simulations of two dimensional systems, of the competition between buoyancy and the inelasticity induced segregation is presented, finding that there is a transition line in the parameter space that determines which mechanism is dominant. In the case of neutrally buoyant particles having different sizes the inelasticity induced segregation can compete with the Brazil nut effect (BNE). Reverse Brazil nut effect (RBNE) could be obtained at large inelasticities of the intruder. At intermediate values, BNE and RBNE coexist and large inelastic particles are found both near the bottom and at the top of the system.

  20. OSRP Source Repatriations-Case Studies: Brazil, Ecuador, Uruguay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Ray Jr. [U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Office of Global Threat Reduction, Washington, DC (United States); Abeyta, Cristy; Matzke, Jim; Wald-Hopkins, Mark; Streeper, Charles [Offsite Source Recovery Project, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Offsite Source Recovery Project (OSRP) began recovering excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources (sources) in 1999. As of February 2012, the project had recovered over 30,000 sources totaling over 820,000 Ci. OSRP grew out of early efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to recover disused excess Plutonium- 239 (Pu-239) sources that were distributed in the 1960's and 1970's under the Atoms for Peace Program. Source recovery was initially considered a waste management activity. However, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the interagency community began to recognize that excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources pose a national security threat, particularly those that lack a disposition path. After OSRP's transfer to the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to be part of GTRI, its mission was expanded to include all disused sealed sources that might require national security consideration. Recognizing the transnational threat posed by porous borders and the ubiquitous nature of sources, GTRI/OSRP repatriates U.S. origin sources based on threat reduction prioritization criteria. For example, several recent challenging source repatriation missions have been conducted by GTRI/OSRP in South America. These include the repatriation of a significant amount of Cs-137 and other isotopes from Brazil; re-packaging of conditioned Ra-226 sources in Ecuador for future repatriation; and, multilateral cooperation in the consolidation and export of Canadian, US, and Indian Co-60/Cs-137 sources from Uruguay. In addition, cooperation with regulators and private source owners in other countries presents opportunities for GTRI/OSRP to exchange best practices for managing disused sources. These positive experiences often result in long-term cooperation and information sharing with key foreign counterparts. International source recovery operations are essential to the preservation of U.S. national security interests. They are also mutually beneficial for fostering positive relationships with other governments and private industry, and demonstrate that responsible end-of-life options are given to legacy U.S.-origin sources in other countries. GTRI/OSRP does not take back sources that have a viable path for commercial disposal. Most US origin sources were sold commercially and were not provided by the US government. Below is a synopsis of cooperative efforts with Brazil, Ecuador, and Uruguay. Bilateral and multilateral efforts have been successful in removing hundreds of U.S.origin sealed radioactive sources from Latin American countries to the U.S. As many disused sources remain in the region, and since repatriation is not always an option, GTRI will continue to work with those countries to ensure that these sources are stored securely for the long-term. Successful Latin America operations should serve as a model for other regional cooperation in the repatriation of sealed sources, encouraging other source exporting countries to implement similar programs. Securing and removing sources, both domestically and internationally, is crucial to strengthening the life-cycle management of radioactive sources worldwide. Such efforts not only prevent these materials from being used maliciously, but also address public health and safety concerns, and under-gird the IAEA Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources. (authors)

  1. Global warming impact of gasoline and alcohol use in light-duty highway vehicles in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uria, L.A.B.; Schaeffer, R.

    1997-12-31

    This paper examines the direct and indirect global warming impact of gasoline and alcohol use in light-duty highway vehicles in Brazil. In order to do that, it quantifies emissions of CO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2} HC and NO{sub x} in terms of CO{sub 2}-equivalent units for time spans of 20, 100 and 500 years. It shows that the consideration of CO{sub 2} HC and NO{sub x} emissions in addition to CO{sub 2} provides an important contribution for better understanding the total warming impact of transportation fuels in Brazil.

  2. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  3. 8/16/20128/16/2012 JD2, 20JD2, 20--31 August 2012, Beijing, China, Brazil31 August 2012, Beijing, China, Brazil 11 A.F. KholtyginA.F. Kholtygin11 , V.V.Dushin, V.V.Dushin11, N.P.Sudnik, N.P.Sudnik11, S.N. Fabrika, S.N. Fabrika22,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    8/16/20128/16/2012 JD2, 20JD2, 20--31 August 2012, Beijing, China, Brazil31 August 2012, Beijing, China, Brazil 11 A.F. KholtyginA.F. Kholtygin11 , V.V.Dushin, V.V.Dushin11, N.P.Sudnik, N.P.Sudnik11, S, Brazil31 August 2012, Beijing, China, Brazil 22 Objects andObjects and program ofprogram

  4. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Tomato-Ralstonia solanacearum, plant-pathogen protein interaction network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Tomato-Ralstonia solanacearum, plant-pathogen protein name: Sciences for Ecology, Veterinary, Agronomy & Bioengineering (SEVAB) Research Laboratory: plant-microorganisms characterise the plant-pathogen protein interaction network. The aim is to identify important plant proteins

  5. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Enhanced evaporator for power electronics cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Enhanced evaporator for power electronics cooling Thesis prototype is already available at LAPLACE. Subject description: The two-phase cooling systems (heat pipes an interface with an imposed temperature in the vicinity of the wall to be cooled . When this interface

  6. High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bascou, Jérôme

    High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil; accepted 12 December 2001 Abstract The Neoproterozoic Ribeira belt is subdivided in two domains of anastomosing transcurrent shear zones parallel to the belt. This contrast is interpreted as reflecting

  7. Scientists unravel secrets of marine life at the only atoll in South Atlantic: Rocas Atoll, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    of a permanent research and monitoring station. Since then, the Marine Biological Reserve of Rocas Atoll have during low tide. The authors believe these environments provide shelter against direct wave action the Northeastern coast of Brazil is Rocas Atoll, the only atoll in the entire Southern Atlantic. Atolls

  8. Mesoscale circulations and atmospheric CO2 variations in the Tapajos Region, Para, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Mesoscale circulations and atmospheric CO2 variations in the Tapajo´s Region, Para´, Brazil Lixin; published 2 November 2005. [1] We have investigated mesoscale circulations and atmospheric CO2 variations over a heterogeneous landscape of forests, pastures, and large rivers during the Santare´m Mesoscale

  9. On-Road Emissions of Motor Vehicles in Brazil: Current Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions of Motor Vehicles in Brazil: Current Status and Future Possibilities of Denver 2101 E. Wesley Ave. Denver, CO 80208 #12;#12;On-road system Motorcycle system #12;#12;RSD measures pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department -quite precise

  10. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Causal model for flood risk assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Causal model for flood risk assessment Thesis supervisor: The thesis aims to provide an operational tool for the anticipation of flood risk in mountain areas. The work for the anticipation of flood risk in mountain areas. The work will lead to the establishment of a model

  11. Infancy and childhood growth and physical activity in adolescence: prospective birth cohort study from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallal, Pedro C.; Dumith, Samuel C.; Ekelund, Ulf; Reichert, Felipe F.; Menezes, Ana M. B.; Victora, Cesar G.; Wells, Jonathan C. K.

    2012-07-02

    activity (PA) in adolescence.MethodsThis is a prospective birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil, including 457 adolescents (mean age: 13.3?years) with weight and length/height data at birth, one, three and six months, one and four years of age. PA...

  12. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Earth-Air Heat Exchangers at DISTRICT scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Earth-Air Heat Exchangers at DISTRICT scale Thesis. The objective of the work is to design new classes of Earth-Air Heat Exchangers at district scale in the context: This proposal is part of a more global research project dedicated to the study of Earth-Air Heat Exchangers

  13. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Sustainability based decision making framework for bio-refining processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    are forcing industries to investigate the sustainable environmental performance of their processesThesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Sustainability based decision making framework for bio: Diverse policies such as REACH regulation, VOC directives, AIChE sustainability metrics and indicators

  14. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 treatment of open pit mines wastewater by a coupled ozone technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    /or hydroxides such as MnO2 or Fe(OH)3. The disinfection power of ozone is also well known. Thus the efficiency of University of São Paulo (USP). It has more than 2000 installations in Brazil, Argentina and Peru, treating of new application of ozone permitting to support his growth. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org) #12;

  15. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Continuous oscillatory baffled reactors for fast multiphase reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    is for the chemical and process industries. In particular it will focus on the development of the #12;continuous face is the creation of innovative processes for the production of commodity and intermediate productsThesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Continuous oscillatory baffled reactors for fast multiphase

  16. New Supply Chain Network in Brazil's House Construction Industry Proceedings IGLC-7 171

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    situation. With the main focus on the Brazilian supply management in this industry, this paper seeks on the Brazilian supply management in this industry, this paper seeks to identify and discuss the key factorsNew Supply Chain Network in Brazil's House Construction Industry Proceedings IGLC-7 171 NEW SUPPLY

  17. O P I N I O N Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a `midway' strategy for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    O P I N I O N Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a `midway' strategy for increasing ethanol of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Abstract This article reviews the history and current state of ethanol. We propose that it is possible to produce ethanol from sugarcane while maintaining or even recovering

  18. How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil ERIK-agricultural employment prospects and earnings. Key words: Rural non-agricultural employment, economic geography, Latin to assess the importance of economic geography for rural non-agricultural employment. To reach a deeper

  19. A model for estimation of potential generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araujo, Marcelo Guimaraes; Magrini, Alessandra; Mahler, Claudio Fernando; Bilitewski, Bernd

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Literature of WEEE generation in developing countries is reviewed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We analyse existing estimates of WEEE generation for Brazil. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present a model for WEEE generation estimate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer WEEE generation of 3.77 kg/capita year for 2008 is estimated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Use of constant lifetime should be avoided for non-mature market products. - Abstract: Sales of electrical and electronic equipment are increasing dramatically in developing countries. Usually, there are no reliable data about quantities of the waste generated. A new law for solid waste management was enacted in Brazil in 2010, and the infrastructure to treat this waste must be planned, considering the volumes of the different types of electrical and electronic equipment generated. This paper reviews the literature regarding estimation of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), focusing on developing countries, particularly in Latin America. It briefly describes the current WEEE system in Brazil and presents an updated estimate of generation of WEEE. Considering the limited available data in Brazil, a model for WEEE generation estimation is proposed in which different methods are used for mature and non-mature market products. The results showed that the most important variable is the equipment lifetime, which requires a thorough understanding of consumer behavior to estimate. Since Brazil is a rapidly expanding market, the 'boom' in waste generation is still to come. In the near future, better data will provide more reliable estimation of waste generation and a clearer interpretation of the lifetime variable throughout the years.

  20. Evaluation of two public housing projects : Baghdad and Mosul, Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atto, Faida Noori Salim

    1984-01-01

    Stage nine of the design process of the projects deals with the design of the cluster, which is a basic social and administrative unit proposed for settlement. The cluster represents a unit of approximately 200 persons. A ...