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1

Russia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia: Energy Resources Russia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60,"lon":100,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Russia's energy policy: A framing comment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prominent specialist on the Russian economy provides a framing comment on two preceding papers entitled 'Russia's Energy Policy' (by Vladimir Milov, Leonard Coburn, and Igor Danchenko) and 'Russia's Energy Policy: A Divergent View' (by Matthew J. Sagers). The author argues that Russia's current energy policy should be viewed as an outcome of competition between three overlapping programs. In this context, he identifies three policy models - the old Soviet, the liberal or oligarchic, and the most recent state capitalist. The latter is currently supported by President Putin, who prioritizes diversification of the country's economy at the expense of diminished investments in the oil and gas sector.

Aslund, A. [Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Russia’s R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

STATE RESEARCH CENTER OF RUSSIA INSTITUTE FOR HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATE RESEARCH CENTER OF RUSSIA INSTITUTE FOR HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS - High Energy Physics Energy Physics" BNPI, Novosibirsk, September 2010 #12;2 STATE RESEARCH CENTER OF RUSSIA INSTITUTE

5

Business Planning: A Key to Energy Efficiency in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Financing is a significant barrier to energy efficiency in Russia. Many banks and Western companies would like to invest in energy efficiency projects in Russia, but are frustrated by the lack of Western-style business planning and preparation...

Evans, M.

6

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L. "From Yeltsin's Russia to Putin's Russia." (In Russian).subsequently to President Putin. This means that the energyRussia under Yeltsin and Putin administrations has evolved

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Russia Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

8

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for nuclear cooperation with Russia", The Nonproliferationof nuclear energy see for Russia, Trenin Dmitri. "Russia`s Nuclear Policy in the 21 st Century Environment",

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Russia Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Russia Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0)...

10

Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Russia to Advance Energy Security Russia to Advance Energy Security Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security March 15, 2006 - 12:20pm Addthis Promotes Transparent Markets and Clean Energy Technologies; Participates in G8 Energy Ministerial and Delivers Remarks on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership MOSCOW, RUSSIA-U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today began a two-day visit to Russia where he will lead the U.S. delegation to the G8 Energy Ministerial. During his visit the Secretary will promote greater energy security through the use of advanced energy technologies, the promotion of stable and transparent investment climates, and increased conservation and energy efficiency. Secretary Bodman will also deliver remarks to the Carnegie Center on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership

11

Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Poneman to Travel to Russia Poneman to Travel to Russia Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia December 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Monday, December 6, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman will travel to Russia as part of the ongoing cooperation between the two countries on nuclear security and peaceful nuclear energy issues. On Tuesday, Deputy Secretary Poneman will co-chair the U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Plenary Meeting with Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergei Kiriyenko. The Working Group was established under the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission at the July 2009 Presidential Summit. Last fall, Director Kiriyenko visited the United States for the first meetings of the

12

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferat...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy...

13

Russia-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-IEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website...

14

Energy Intensity Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our presentation will cover how we began the journey of conserving energy at our facility. We’ll discuss a basic layout of our energy intensity plan and the impact our team has had on the process, what tools we’re using, what goals have been...

Rappolee, D.; Shaw, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Unlocking energy intensive habits  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energy intensive habits energy intensive habits Presentation at LBL Oct 10, 2013 by Hal Wilhite Professor and Research Director University of Oslo Centre for Development and the Environment Source: WWF US EIA Outlook 2011 Conventional framing of the energy consumption and savings * Sovereign consumers * Economically rational and persistentely reflexive. * Uninfluenced by social and material conditions of everyday life * Focus on efficiency and not on size and volume which is for the most part treated as an indifferent variable Cognitive reductionism The change of frame * From individual to socio-material * From rational/reflexive experience-based (practical) knowledge * From efficiency to reduction A theory of habit * Acknowledges the role of lived experience (history, both cultural and personal) in forming

16

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parliamentary parameters of energy market reform in Russia.development in Russian energy markets. Deputies who arebeen negative toward energy market reform during the time

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Travel to Russia Next Week to Travel to Russia Next Week Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week June 3, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to Russia from June 6-11 where he will highlight the tremendous potential for mutually beneficial cooperation and shared economic opportunities with Russia in the areas of innovative clean energy technology, safe and reliable civilian nuclear power, best practices in energy efficiency, and nuclear non-proliferation. The visit will promote continued collaboration between U.S. and Russian scientists, technical experts, and energy sector businesses. It will also pave the way for U.S. investment and clean technology exports to Russia. "From clean energy to nuclear security, the United States and Russia have a

18

energy intensity | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

intensity intensity Dataset Summary Description Energy intensity data and documentation published by the U.S. DOE's office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). Energy intensity is defined as: amount of energy used in producing a given level of output or activity; expressed as energy per unit of output. This is the energy intensity of the the electricity sector, which is an energy consuming sector that generates electricity. Data are organized to separate electricity-only generators from combined heat and power (CHP) generators. Data is available for the period 1949 - 2004. Source EERE Date Released May 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Electricity Energy Consumption energy intensity fossil fuels renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon electricity_indicators.xls (xls, 2.1 MiB)

19

US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security R&D | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

20

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

teChnologIes Program IntroduCtIon the research and development (r&d) portfolio for energy-Intensive Processes (eIP) addresses the top technology opportunities to save energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting December 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Moscow - Earlier this week, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman, representing the United States government, signed a joint statement with Russia's Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko on the results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group meeting that took place on December 6-7, 2010. The Working Group meeting strengthened cooperation between the U.S. and Russia on civil nuclear energy and nuclear security. Read the joint statement (PDF - 412 kb) signed by Deputy Secretary Poneman

22

Russia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Partner U.S. Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Russia Eastern Europe References USAID Russia[1] "Currently, USAID/Russia addresses global climate change issues through its support to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). Forests play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change; therefore establishing good management practices and avoiding deforestation are critical. USFS collaboration with Russia focuses on sustainable forest management topics, including inventory and monitoring, fire management, illegal logging, and

23

Changes in Energy Intensity 1985-1991  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Changes in Energy Intensity Changes in Energy Intensity 1985-1991 Overview Full Report The focus is on intensity of energy use measured by energy consumption relative to constant...

24

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States December 10, 2013 - 2:30pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and State Corporation for Nuclear Energy (Rosatom) Director General Sergey Kirienko today held talks in Washington, D.C., about the future of U.S.-Russia collaborative work in the nuclear energy field, including nuclear research and development, commercial aspects of cooperation, nuclear safety, and nonproliferation. The meeting coincided with the arrival of the final shipment of low

25

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Russia and Chelyabinsk Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This paper reviews opportunities to implement energy efficiency projects in Russian public buildings, created by new Russian legislation and regulations. Given Russia's limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. The authors use Chelyabinsk Region as an example to discuss opportunities, challenges and solutions to financing and implementing an EPC in Russia, navigating through federal requirements and specific local conditions.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Energy Performance Contracts (EPCs) in Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

: Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This report overviews the latest developments in the Russian legislation related to energy efficiency in the public sector, describes the major challenges the regulations pose, and proposes ways to overcome these challenges. Given Russia’s limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. This paper discusses how EPCs and other mechanisms can help harness energy savings opportunities in Russia in general, and thus, can be applicable to any Russian region.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Iron and Steel Energy Intensities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Home > >Energy Users > Energy Efficiency Page > Iron and Steel Energy Intensities First Use of Energy Blue Bullet First Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet First Use/Ton of steel End Uses of Consumption Blue Bullet Total End Use/Value of Production Blue Bullet Total End Use/Ton of Steel Boiler Fuel as End Use Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Value of Production Blue Bullet Boiler Fuel /Ton of Steel Process Heating as End Use Blue Bullet Process Heating Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Process Heating /Value of Production Machine Drive as End Use Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel/Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Machine Drive Fuel /Value of Production Expenditures Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Ton of Steel Blue Bullet Purchased Fuel /Value of Production

28

Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Learn more at betterbuildings.energy.gov Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance i Preface The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Better Buildings, Better Plants Program...

29

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ekonomika, 2003. Shevtsova, L. "From Yeltsin's Russia toPutin's Russia." (In Russian). Contemporary Europe. No. 4 (Moscow, Russian Federation: Russia's Information Agency-

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance for the Better Buildings, Better Plants Program helps companies meet the program’s reporting requirements by describing the steps necessary to develop an energy consumption and energy intensity baseline and calculating consumption and intensity changes over time.

31

Description of Energy Intensity Tables (12)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Description of Energy Intensity Data Tables 3. Description of Energy Intensity Data Tables There are 12 data tables used as references for this report. Specifically, these tables are categorized as tables 1 and 2 present unadjusted energy-intensity ratios for Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy for 1985, 1988, 1991, and 1994; along with the percentage changes between 1985 and the three subsequent years (1988, 1991, and 1994) tables 3 and 4 present 1988, 1991, and 1994 energy-intensity ratios that have been adjusted to the mix of products shipped from manufacturing establishments in 1985 tables 5 and 6 present unadjusted energy-intensity ratios for Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy for 1988, 1991, and 1994; along with the percentage changes between 1988 and the two subsequent

32

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Aluminium Production (

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Primary Energy Intensity Values for Stand-

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Impact Factors of Energy Intensity in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity reflects energy usage efficiency in the production and consumption process, and leads to carbon dioxide emissions and the energy security of an economy. Liao et al. (2007) analyzed factors contribute to the fluctuation of China’s energy intensity from 1997 to 2006, and found that efficiency effects and structural effects are the major impacting factors. Therefore, they suggested that China should attach more importance to optimizing its sectoral structure, and lowering its investment ratio in the future. However, economic development and energy intensity are influenced by many factors. In their research, Liao et al. (2007) omitted some important contributing factors to energy intensities, and their suggestions also had some practical limitations. First of all, Liao et al. (2007) did not analyze impacts from energy prices in energy usage efficiency. In the existing literature, Birol and Keppler (2000) applied economics theory and suggested that higher energy prices can induce the improvements in energy usage efficiency, thereby lowering energy intensity. Hang and Tu (2007) studied the influence of energy price on the Chinese economy's energy intensity and their empirical results also showed that higher energy prices can lower energy intensity. Because energy prices have been regulated by the

unknown authors

35

ESMAP-China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intensity Reduction Strategy Intensity Reduction Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name China-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy[1] Overview "The study involves the development of pragmatic "implementation" focused policy notes to support the Government of China's goal of reducing energy intensity in China focusing on: Reevaluation of renewable energy targets, growth path, and related

36

Technical Change, Investment and Energy Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the role of different components of technical change on energy intensity by applying a Translog variable cost function setting to the new EU KLEMS dataset for 3 selected EU countries (Italy, Finland and ...

Kratena, Kurt

37

Sustaining Performance Improvements in Energy Intensive Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experience has shown that significant opportunity for performance improvements exists in energy intensive operations. Often, efforts to improve efficiency focus on vendor-led initiatives to improve operations of particular equipment. This approach...

Moore, D. A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

EIA Energy Efficiency-Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities: 1992- 2003 Released Date: December 2004 Page Last Revised: August 2009 These tables provide estimates of commercial sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1992, 1995, 1999 and 2003 based on the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). They also provide estimates of energy consumption and intensities adjusted for the effect of weather on heating, cooling, and ventilation energy use. Total Site Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) Html Excel PDF bullet By Principal Building Activity (Table 1a) html Table 1a excel table 1a. pdf table 1a. Weather-Adjusted by Principal Building Activity (Table 1b) html table 1b excel table 1b pdf table 1b.

39

The 2014 Ukraine-Russia crisis: Implications for energy markets and scholarship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract While the 2014 Ukrainian crisis is far from over, policy debates surrounding the standoff between Russia and the United States and Europe already offer some important lessons on the gap between the policy world and the realities of energy markets. In this communication, we will discuss three policy proposals proposed between February and April 2014 as an illustration of the aforementioned mismatch, and explain their broader implications. As we will show, while the energy world is entering the next phase with renewed emphasis on renewables and energy efficiency, and markets for energy becoming increasingly global and interconnected, a substantial number of politicians and foreign policy makers seem to be stuck in a Cold War paradigm. Though things do not necessarily bode well from a political standpoint, the observed tendencies may offer intriguing opportunities for research related to energy policy far beyond the traditional realms of economics and geopolitics.

Andreas Goldthau; Tim Boersma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Analysis of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the aggregate energy-intensity of industry. Applied Energyindustries with final energy intensities of 12.3 Billion BtuAs mentioned, the energy intensity of this sector is much

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

China-Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.esmap.orgfilezpub Country China Eastern Asia References China Energy Intensity Reduction Strategy1 Overview "The study involves the development of...

42

Measuring energy efficiency: Is energy intensity a good evidence base?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is a widespread assumption in energy statistics and econometrics that energy intensity and energy efficiency are equivalent measures of energy performance of economies. The paper points to the discrepancy between the engineering concept of energy efficiency and the energy intensity as it is understood in macroeconomic statistics. This double discrepancy concerns definitions (while engineering concept of energy efficiency is based on the thermodynamic definition, energy intensity includes economic measures) and use. With regard to the latter, the authors conclude that energy intensity can only provide indirect and delayed evidence of technological and engineering energy efficiency of energy conversion processes, which entails shortcomings for management and policymaking. Therefore, we suggest to stop considering subsectoral, sectoral and other levels of energy intensities as aggregates of lower-level energy efficiency. It is suggested that the insufficiency of energy intensity indicators can be compensated with the introduction of thermodynamic indicators describing energy efficiency at the physical, technological, enterprise, sub-sector, sectoral and national levels without references to any economic or financial parameters. Structured statistical data on thermodynamic efficiency is offered as a better option for identifying break-through technologies and technological bottle-necks that constrain efficiency advancements. It is also suggested that macro-level thermodynamic indicators should be based on the thermodynamic first law efficiency and the energy quality problem may be left to enterprise-level thermoeconomic optimization.

L. Proskuryakova; A. Kovalev

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

44

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

45

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers biomass-firedboilers.pd...

46

Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project Fact Sheet Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project Fact Sheet This fact sheet contains details regarding...

47

China energy issues : energy intensity, coal liquefaction, and carbon pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In my dissertation I explore three independent, but related, topics on China's energy issues. First, I examine the drivers for provincial energy-intensity trends in China, and finds that technology innovation is the key ...

Wu, Ning, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Schaeffer, 1997, “Energy Intensity in the Iron and Steelwhich is the ratio of the actual energy intensity to thebest practice energy intensity, where the best practice

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industryand Comparing the Energy Intensity in the Textile Industrywere visited. The energy intensity of each plant was

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ibid. 121 Iver B. Neumann, Russia and the Idea of Europe: AB. Barkanov Chapter Four: Russia as Regime Taker Underacute. An obvious example is Russia’s oil industry which for

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Status of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Government to Government Program in Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US-Russian Government-to-Government Program of Cooperation on Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) evolved from the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. In 1995, the US Department of Energy (DOE) assumed responsibility as the executive agent for implementation of the Government-to-Government MPC&A Program, followed by the programmatic responsibility for funding. The Russian Program initially emphasized limited exchanges, demonstrations, and upgrades at low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel fabrication facility at Elektrostal in 1994. The program has expanded to include upgrades at nuclear facilities across Russia, development of the Russian Methodological Training Center (RMTC) in Obninsk; and cooperation with Gosatomnadzor, the Russian Federal Nuclear Radiation and Safety Authority. This paper describes the overall program including program objectives, approach, and US-Russian participation, with an emphasis on DOE-GAN cooperation.

Olascoaga, M.T.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Energy use and energy intensity of the U.S. chemical industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 5.3 Energy Use and Energy Intensity of Chlorine44314 Energy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. ChemicalEnergy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. Chemical

Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian; Einstein, Dan; Martin, Nathan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual" Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected" " (quadrillion Btu / real GDP in billion 2005 chained dollars)" ,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 "AEO 1994",11.24893441,11.08565002,10.98332766,10.82852279,10.67400621,10.54170176,10.39583203,10.27184573,10.14478673,10.02575883,9.910410202,9.810812106,9.69894802,9.599821783,9.486985399,9.394733753,9.303329725,9.221322623 "AEO 1995",,10.86137373,10.75116461,10.60467959,10.42268977,10.28668187,10.14461664,10.01081222,9.883759026,9.759022105,9.627404949,9.513643295,9.400418762,9.311729546,9.226142899,9.147374752,9.071102491,8.99599906 "AEO 1996",,,10.71047701,10.59846153,10.43655044,10.27812088,10.12746866,9.9694713,9.824165152,9.714832565,9.621874334,9.532324916,9.428169355,9.32931308,9.232716414,9.170931044,9.086870061,9.019963901,8.945602337

54

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1992 - Index...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Energy End-Use Intensities 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities Overview Tables National estimates of energy consumption by fuel (electricity and natural gas) and end use (heating,...

55

China's energy intensity and its determinants at the provincial level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy intensity is defined as the amount of energy consumed per dollar of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The People's Republic of China's (China's) energy intensity has been declining significantly since the late 1970s. ...

Zhang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The energy triangle of Japan, China and Russia: the political economics of Tokyo, Beijing and the East Siberian pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the 1970s and 1980s, economic relations between Japan and China were based on energy commodities, beginning the phase of '(Japanese) technology for (Chinese) oil'. By the beginning of the 1990s, Japan had changed priorities in energy needs and aimed to wean off dependence on oil to less than 50% of its overall energy needs so Sino-Japanese political economic ties moved onto a new plateau of high-value added manufacturing activities. Raw materials that were much needed by the booming Japanese economy in the 1970s and 1980s are similarly needed by the buoyant Chinese economy since the 1990s. In this aspect, Russia's (a common neighbour of both Japan and China) commodity industry has attracted Japanese and Chinese attention in the minerals extraction industry, particularly in the commodity of oil. Based on competitive needs, Russia, Japan and China are now part of an emerging triangular energy relationship, both competitive and cooperative.

Tai Wei Lim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

ANALYSIS ON THE MAJOR INFLUENCE FACTORS OF ENERGY INTENSITY CHANGING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the energy intensity data of period 1990-2008, this paper uses impulse response function and variance decomposition model to empirical analysis the main influencing factors and effects of energy intensity,. The empirical results show that: the energy intensity of itself, and the proportion of secondary industry have a larger impact on energy intensity; the change of energy price and technological progress also play a certain impact on energy intensity; and the link with the internal relations and interaction mechanisms, which can play an active role in improving energy efficiency.

Xia Wang; Lu Tang

58

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and...

59

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER D. Taqqu Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, CH Abstract A scheme for obtaining an intense source of low energy muons is described. It is based of the decay muons an intense intermediate energy muon beam is obtained. For the specific case of negative

McDonald, Kirk

60

Motivation and decision criteria for energy efficiency in private households, companies and administrations in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent fundamental study on the dynamics of values in Russia in the course of structural and economic reforms (Lapin, 1996) only paid attention to health, freedom and other human values, but did not consider...

Inna Gritsevich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Russia Eastern Europe References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Like the US, Russia contains temperate and boreal forests. The forests share similar species, similar forest health problems, and some common threats. Since the mid-nineties, the US Forest Service has worked with Russian partners, including the State Forestry Service of Russia to: 1) promote sustainable forestry practices, 2) address forest health issues and

62

Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Table 23. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual (quadrillion Btu / $Billion Nominal GDP) 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 AEO 1982 20.1 18.5 16.9 15.5 14.4 13.2 AEO 1983 19.9 18.7 17.4 16.2 15.1 14.0 9.5 AEO 1984 20.1 19.0 17.7 16.5 15.5 14.5 10.2 AEO 1985 20.0 19.1 18.0 16.9 15.9 14.7 13.7 12.7 11.8 11.0 10.3 AEO 1986 18.3 17.8 16.8 16.1 15.2 14.3 13.4 12.6 11.7 10.9 10.2 9.5 8.9 8.3 7.8 AEO 1987 17.6 17.0 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.7 12.9 12.1 11.4 8.2 AEO 1989* 16.9 16.2 15.2 14.2 13.3 12.5 11.7 10.9 10.2 9.6 9.0 8.5 8.0 AEO 1990 16.1 15.4 11.7 8.6 6.4 AEO 1991 15.5 14.9 14.2 13.6 13.0 12.5 11.9 11.3 10.8 10.3 9.7 9.2 8.7 8.3 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 AEO 1992 15.0 14.5 13.9 13.3 12.7 12.1 11.6 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.6 8.1 7.7 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.2 AEO 1993 14.7 13.9 13.4 12.8 12.3 11.8 11.2 10.7 10.2 9.6 9.2 8.7 8.3 7.8 7.4 7.1 6.7 6.4

64

Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selectedworld-best-practice-energy-intensity-values- selected-2005. Changes in energy intensities of Thai industry between

Can, Stephane de la Rue de

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that liberalize energy markets, thereby protecting them frombuying into their energy markets. In 2006, Gazprom backedto liberalize Russia’s energy markets and impose Sergei

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Automated Checkpointing for Enabling Intensive Applications on Energy Harvesting Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Checkpointing for Enabling Intensive Applications on Energy Harvesting Devices Azalia intensive computation on ultra-low power devices with discontinuous energy-harvesting supplies. We devise on a battery-less RF energy-harvester platform. Extensive experiments targeting applications in medical implant

67

BEAM INTENSITY AND ENERGY CONTROL FOR THE SPIRAL2 FACILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAM INTENSITY AND ENERGY CONTROL FOR THE SPIRAL2 FACILITY C. Jamet, T. Andre, B. Ducoudret, C to control both beam intensity and energy by non-interceptive methods at the linac exit. The beam current will range in intensity from a few 10 A to 1mA for ions, up to 5 mA for deuterons, and in energy from 0.75 up

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Authority and its project partners will establish the Southeastern Center for Industrial Energy Intensity Reduction (the Center) to inform industrial facilities about the U.S....

69

Comparison of International Energy Intensities across the G7...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Comparison of International Energy Intensities across the G7 and other parts of Europe, including Ukraine Elizabeth Sendich November 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis...

70

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1989 -- Executive  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Energy End-Use Intensities > Executive Summary 9 Energy End-Use Intensities > Executive Summary Executive Summary Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. divider line The demand for energy in U.S. stores, offices, schools, hospitals, and other commercial buildings has been increasing. This report examines energy intensities in commercial buildings for nine end uses: space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, water heating, cooking, refrigeration, office equipment, and "other." The objective of this analysis was to increase understanding of how energy is used in commercial buildings and to identify targets for greater energy efficiency which could moderate future growth in demand.

71

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the area of EU-Russian energy trade, where both Ikenberry,way streak. Russia’s energy trade with the EU is its mostthe case of Russia EU energy trade, however, interdependence

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

China targets 20% reduction in energy intensity by 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Though China has made great achievement in energy conservation in the last two decades, its energy consumption is increasing rapidly. In March 2006, China's government set a target for reducing its energy intensity by 20% by 2010 compared to the 2005 value. In this paper, we analyse China's current energy efficiency situations, and put forward some policy implications on energy saving.

Hua Liao; Ying Fan; Yi-Ming Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...

Paltsev, Sergey

74

Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California Title Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors de la du Can, Stephane Rue, Ali Hasanbeigi, and Jayant A. Sathaye Journal Energy Policy Volume 46 Pagination 234-245 Keywords california, co2 emissions, energy intensity, energy use Abstract In 2008, the gross domestic product (GDP) of California industry was larger than GDP of industry in any other U.S. states. This study analyses the energy use of and output from seventeen industry subsectors in California and performs decomposition analysis to assess the influence of different factors on California industry energy use. The logarithmic mean Divisia index method is used for the decomposition analysis. The decomposition analysis results show that the observed reduction of energy use in California industry since 2000 is the result of two main factors: the intensity effect and the structural effect. The intensity effect has started pushing final energy use downward in 2000 and has since amplified. The second large effect is the structural effect. The significant decrease of the energy-intensive "Oil and Gas Extraction" subsector's share of total industry value added, from 15% in 1997 to 5% in 2008, and the increase of the non-energy intensive "Electric and electronic equipment manufacturing" sector's share of value added, from 7% in 1997 to 30% in 2008, both contributed to a decrease in the energy intensity in the industry sector

75

EIA - AEO2010 - Energy intensity trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

intensity trends in AEO2010 intensity trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Figure 17. Trends in U.S. oil prices, energy consumption, and economic output, 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Energy intensity trends in AEO2010 Energy intensity—energy consumption per dollar of real GDP—indicates how much energy a country uses to produce its goods and services. From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, U.S. total primary energy consumption and real GDP increased at nearly the same annual rate (Figure 17). During that period, real oil prices remained virtually flat. In contrast, from the mid-1970s to 2008, the relationship between energy consumption and real GDP growth changed, with primary energy consumption growing at less than one-third the previous average rate and real GDP growth continuing to grow at its historical rate. The decoupling of real GDP growth from energy consumption growth led to a decline in energy intensity that averaged 2.8 percent per year from 1973 to 2008. In the AEO2010 Reference case, energy intensity continues to decline, at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent from 2008 to 2035.

76

Towards a more coherent oil policy in Russia? S. Boussena,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a more coherent oil policy in Russia? S. Boussena, Professor, University of Grenoble II of Russia on the world oil scene. The first is the development of its oil production (over 9 Mb/d in 2004. Will Russia be a key variable in world energy balances? Could Russia ­ as some suggest and even desire

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China andof Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Physical protection cooperation between US Department of Energy national laboratories and Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise (Eleron) of Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

US DOE national laboratories and Russian institutes are becoming increasingly cooperative in support of nonproliferation of nuclear materials. This paper describes completed projects, current work, and areas of possible future cooperation between US laboratories and a Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (MINATOM) entity, Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise (SNPO). The Kurchatov Institute, SNPO, and the US national laboratories jointly completed a physical protection system (PPS) for a facility housing two reactors at Kurchatov Institute within a very short time frame in 1994. Spin- off projects from this work resulted in a US-witnessed acceptance test of the new system adhering to a procedure adopted in Russia, and visits by DOE laboratories` personnel to SNPO`s sensor development and test facilities at Dubna and Penza. SNPO was one of the MINATOM sites at which Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducted a vulnerability assessment training course. Current cooperative projects include additional physical protection upgrades at Kurchatov where SNPO is involved as an installer and supplier of sensors, alarm display, video, and fiber optic equipment. Two additional contracts between SNL and SNPO result in information on Russian sensor performance and cost and an exchange of US and Russian sensors. Russian sensors will be tested in the United States,a nd US sensors will be tested in Russia. Pacific Northwest Laboratory administers a contract to document the process of certifying physical protection equipment for use at MINATOM facilities. Recent interest in transportation security has opened a new area of cooperation between the national laboratories and SNPO. Future projects are expected to include SNPO participation in physical protection upgrades at other locations in Russia, pedestrian and vehicle portal development, positive personnel identifier testing, and the exchange and testing of additional equipment.

Mishin, E.T.; Davydov, Y.L.; Izmailov, A. [Special Scientific and Production State Enterprise, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Southeastern Center for Industrial Energy Intensity Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO; formerly the Industrial Technologies Program) has developed multiple resources and a best practices suite of tools to...

80

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview > Tables Overview > Tables 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities Tables Energy Consumption by End Use, 1992 Figure on Energy Consumption By End Use, 1992 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. divider line To View and/or Print Reports (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader If you experience any difficulties, visit our Technical Frequently Asked Questions. divider line Tables - (file size 31,655 bytes), pages 6. - requires Adobe Acrobat Reader Consumption of All Major Fuels by End Uses, 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities for All Major Fuels, 1992 Consumption of Electricity by End Uses, 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities for Electricity, 1992

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics High-Intensity Discharge Lighting Basics August 15, 2013 - 5:59pm Addthis High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. Illustration of a high-intensity discharge (HID) lIllustration amp. The lamp is a tall cylindrical shape, and a cutout of the outer tube shows the materials inside. A long, thin cylinder called the arc tube runs through the lamp between two electrodes. The space around the arc tube is labeled as a vacuum. In a high-intensity discharge lamp, electricity arcs between two electrodes, creating an intensely bright light. Mercury, sodium, or metal halide gas

82

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 52675286 The implications of the historical decline in US energy intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 5267­5286 The implications of the historical decline in US energy intensity 2007 Abstract This paper analyzes the influence of the long-run decline in US energy intensity change) and adjustments in the energy demand of individual industries (intensity change), and identifies

83

Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals March 2006 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester. Energy Information Administration / Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals

84

Should Russia Break Up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large Polities: Context for Russia," International StudiesWe might well ask whether Russia still exists as a state. OnOver 80 percent of Russia's finance capital stays in Moscow,

Taagepera, Rein

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, I examine the spatial and economic factors that influence energy intensity in China's iron and steel sector, namely industrial value added, renovation investment, coke consumption, and local coke supply. ...

Xu, Jingsi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

High energy density physics generated by intense heavy ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense ion beams from accelerators are now available to generate high energy density matter and to study astrophysical phenomena in the laboratory under controlled and reproducible conditions. A detailed unde...

D. H. H. Hoffmann; V. E. Fortov; M. Kuster; V. Mintsev…

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Some Intensive and Extensive Quantities in High-Energy Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the evolution of some statistical and thermodynamical quantities measured in difference sizes of high-energy collisions at different energies. We differentiate between intensive and extensive quantities and discuss the importance of their distinguishability in characterizing possible critical phenomena of nuclear collisions at various energies with different initial conditions.

A. Tawfik

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

88

Thesis Oral Energy-efficient Data-intensive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thesis Oral Energy-efficient Data-intensive Computing with a Fast Array of Wimpy Nodes Vijay has raised datacenter energy demand and created an increasingly large financial burden and scaling challenge: Peak energy requirements today are a significant cost of provisioning

89

A regular round of talks with atomic energy ministry representatives of Russia, the U.S., Japan, South Korea and China will be held Saturday in the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) HQ in Vienna. The sides will try to reach a compromise on the pro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A regular round of talks with atomic energy ministry representatives of Russia, the U.S., Japan, as there's a "stalemate" in regard to the new reactor: Russia, the EU and China are for ITER construction and composition of this process. However, Borovkov stressed, Russia insists on keeping the composition the same

90

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and theGJ/t crude steel Primary Energy Intensity* kgce/t GJ/t crudeChina U.S. Final Energy Intensity No. 5b Scenarios Country

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Department of Energy Commercial Building Benchmarks (New Construction): Energy Use Intensities, May 5, 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This file contains the energy use intensities (EUIs) for the benchmark building files by building type and climate zone.

92

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)-Energy Intensity Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Intensity Intensity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release) Energy Intensity Figure 7. Energy use per capita and per dollar of gross domestic product, 1980-2030 (index, 1980 = 1). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Energy intensity, measured as energy use (in thousand Btu) per dollar of GDP (in 2000 dollars), is projected to decline at an average annual rate of 1.6 percent from 2006 to 2030 in the AEO2008 reference case (Figure 7). Although energy use generally increases as the economy grows, continuing improvement in the energy efficiency of the U.S. economy and a shift to less energy-intensive activities are projected to keep the rate of energy consumption growth lower than the rate of GDP growth. Since 1992, the energy intensity of the U.S. economy has declined on

93

Energy Intensity of Federal Buildings Slashed 25% in Past Decade  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA), which builds and manages federal buildings, recently announced that it cut federal energy spending by $65.5 million in fiscal year (FY) 2012 by reducing the energy use intensity levels in its buildings by nearly 25% since FY 2003.

94

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projections of energy and intensity for the 12 th FYP werelevel projections of energy and intensity for the 12 th FYPth APPENDIX Table A-2 Energy Intensity Target Allocation

Ohshita, Stephanie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SCENARIOS WITH AN INTENSIVE CONTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY TO THE WORLD ENERGY SUPPLY H of primary energy demand by 250% in 2050 we find that a nuclear intensive scenario assuming the development level. Electricity production amounts to almost 40% of the primary energy supplyi , mostly i Here

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity B. Appendix: Scaling of Cost with Energy and Intensity With the two ongoing studies, one for the physics program, [1] and one for the accelerator and facilities [2] on the "Neutrino Factory Based on a Muon Storage Ring", a number of interesting suggestions and ideas came up. Almost immediately the question of scaling cost with the storage ring energy and with intensity came up. Nevertheless, it was impossible to explore all those questions in great detail, either in the report or in the preliminary cost estimate that is presented in Appendix A. During the study it became more and more clear, that one of the unique features of a neutrino source, namely the possibility to balance the cost of the accelerator with the cost of the detector, would urge the accelerator people to find an answer to this

97

U.S. and Russia Sign Statement of Intent  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Chu and Sergei Kiriyenko, Director General of Russia’s State Corporation for Atomic Energy (Rosatom), signed a Statement of Intent (SOI) concerning collaboration in innovative technologies for environmental restoration and radioactive waste management.

98

Energy Use and Energy Intensity of the U.S. Chemical Industry | ENERGY STAR  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intensity of the U.S. Chemical Industry Intensity of the U.S. Chemical Industry Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

99

The decline of the world’s energy intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy intensity of the total primary energy supply (TPES), total final energy consumption (TFC) and LOSSES in the conversion from TPES to TFC were analyzed for the World, OECD and Rest of the World (ROW) countries. LOSSES increased significantly for all groups of countries due to the increase of electricity production from coal in the period studied (1971–2008). Electricity share final consumption almost doubled, increasing from 8.8% to 17.2% in the period studied. However the energy intensity of LOSSES remained practically constant, which reflects the fact that the efficiency of electricity generation from coal (the main source of electricity) remained practically constant in that period. Despite the attractiveness of end-use devices running on electricity such as computers, which is typical of modern societies, the CO2 emissions are bound to increase unless coal is replaced by less carbon emitting sources such as natural gas, renewables and nuclear energy.

José Goldemberg; Luiz Tadêo Siqueira Prado

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 5. Comparison of Energy Intensity of Iron and Steelthe U.S. . 27 5.1. Energy Intensity of Iron and27 5.2. Energy Intensity of Iron and Steel Production in

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometric study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., physical energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product ...

Shi, Xiaoyu, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The energy required to produce materials: constraints on energy-intensity improvements, parameters of demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processes. Data for iron energy intensity are adapted...are adapted from Choate Green-[16]. Production...15 Smil, V . 2008 Energy in nature and society...Choate, WT , and JAS Green. 2003 US energy requirements for aluminum...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy prices and energy intensity in China : a structural decomposition analysis and econometrics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has ...

Shi, Xiaoyu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world-best-practice-energy- intensity-values-selected-World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selectedof the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S. Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Hasanbeigi, Ali, Lynn K. Price, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Date Published June/2011 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Iron & Steel Research Institute, Iron and Steel Industry Keywords energy intensity, energy use, Low Emission & Efficient Industry Abstract Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steelproduced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order industry energy use to develop a common framework for comparing steel intensity energy use.

106

Optimization of Power-Intensive Energy Systems with Carbon Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimization of Power-Intensive Energy Systems with Carbon Capture ... Three concepts for capturing CO2 from natural gas-fired combined gas/steam turbine power plants are evaluated and compared in this paper: (A) sepn. of CO2 from exhaust gas coming from a std. ...

Xuesong Zheng; Jin-Kuk Kim

2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

Final Stages in the Reform of RAO UES of Russia –Future Developments in the Russian Energy Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reform of Russia's RAO UES is in its final phase. The initial basis for it was the policy of shareholders' receiving assets pro rata. Changes to Russian law then also required full ownership unbundling by 1 Ju...

Anatoly Chubais

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Russia and Eurasian Partnerships and Projects  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages in the region in deployment-focused collaborations with Russia. In addition, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research...

109

Russia at GHG Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the first Kyoto commitment period Russia could be the major supplier for the greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions market. Potential Russian supply depends on the ability of Russia to keep GHG emissions lower than ...

Alexander Golub; Elena Strukova

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Energy end-use intensities in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines energy intensities in commercial buildings for nine end uses: space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, water heating, cooking, refrigeration, office equipment, and other. The objective of this analysis was to increase understanding of how energy is used in commercial buildings and to identify targets for greater energy efficiency which could moderate future growth in demand. The source of data for the analysis is the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption survey (CBECS), which collected detailed data on energy-related characteristics and energy consumption for a nationally representative sample of approximately 6,000 commercial buildings. The analysis used 1989 CBECS data because the 1992 CBECS data were not yet available at the time the study was initiated. The CBECS data were fed into the Facility Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) system, a building energy simulation program developed by the US Department of Energy`s Pacific Northwest Laboratory, to derive engineering estimates of end-use consumption for each building in the sample. The FEDS estimates were then statistically adjusted to match the total energy consumption for each building. This is the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) first report on energy end-use consumption in commercial buildings. This report is part of an effort to address customer requests for more information on how energy is used in buildings, which was an overall theme of the 1992 user needs study. The end-use data presented in this report were not available for publication in Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1989 (DOE/EIA-0318(89), Washington, DC, April 1992). However, subsequent reports on end-use energy consumption will be part of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures series, beginning with a 1992 data report to be published in early 1995.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

EIA Energy Efficiency-Residential Sector Energy Intensities, 1978-2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Sector Energy Intensities Residential Sector Energy Intensities RESIDENTIAL SECTOR ENERGY INTENSITIES: 1978-2005 Released Date: August 2004 Page Last Modified:June 2009 These tables provide estimates of residential sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1978 -1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1997, 2001 and 2005 based on the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). Total Site Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) Html Excel PDF By Type of Housing Unit (Table 1a) html Table 1a excel table 1a. excel table 1a. Weather-Adjusted by Type of Housing Unit (Table 1b) html table 1b excel table 1b excel table 1b Total Primary Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) By Type of Housing Unit (Table 1c) html Table 1c excel table 1c excel table 1c Weather-Adjusted by Type of Housing Unit (Table 1d)

112

Table 6. Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010)" Energy intensity by state (2000 - 2010)" "thousand Btu per dollar of GDP" ,,,,,,,,,,,,"Change" ,,,,,,,,,,,,"2000 to 2010" "State",2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percent","Absolute" "Alabama",18.27258197,17.12573602,17.40982338,17.21199023,16.87274619,16.36600572,16.26201029,16.16667416,15.88996309,15.31511861,15.97051076,-0.1259849985,-2.302071213 "Alaska",21.74118991,20.61708506,19.78031734,20.18143227,20.28953911,21.09573287,18.72961653,17.79373817,15.85124571,14.13669694,14.24461661,-0.3448097058,-7.496573297 "Arizona",8.723022426,8.474435286,8.399371812,7.993493579,8.274516227,7.602521438,7.232690272,7.328159916,7.62679414,7.507000095,7.628169778,-0.1255129924,-1.094852647

113

Towards an efficient and low carbon economy post-2012: opportunities and barriers for foreign companies in the Russian energy market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Russia is one of the most energy- and carbon-intensive countries in the world ... level of investments into modernization of the Russian energy industry cause huge energy wastage and carbon emissions. This situat...

Maria Garbuzova…

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A2E: Adaptively Aggressive Energy Efficient DVFS Scheduling for Data Intensive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A2E: Adaptively Aggressive Energy Efficient DVFS Scheduling for Data Intensive Applications Li Tan strategy to achieve energy efficiency for data intensive applications, and further save energy via five memory and disk access intensive benchmarks with imbalanced branches against another two energy

115

Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Agency/Company /Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.lahmeyer.de/fileadm Country Russia Eastern Europe References Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia[1] References ↑ "Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_of_the_Electricity_Carbon_Emission_Factors_for_Russia&oldid=383164" Category: Programs What links here Related changes Special pages

116

Fact #554: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit Systems Fact 554: January 19, 2009 Energy Intensity of Light Rail Transit Systems According to the 2007 National Transit...

117

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S. energy and carbon intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the decrease in energy intensity during the study period,trends in U. S. energy intensity: An index number analysis,industry structure and energy intensity, Energy Economics

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STAGED MUON-BASED FACILITY TO ENABLE INTENSITY AND ENERGY FRONTIER SCIENCE IN THE US* Jean. It requires facilities at both high energy and high intensity frontiers. Neutrino oscillations are irrefutable precision flavour physics at the high intensity frontier. At the high energy frontier, a multi-TeV lepton

McDonald, Kirk

119

Multi-energy CT Based on a Prior Rank, Intensity and Sparsity Model (PRISM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-energy CT Based on a Prior Rank, Intensity and Sparsity Model (PRISM) Hao Gao1 , Hengyong Yu2 spectrum. Besides, the energy-dependent intensity information can be incorporated into the PRISM in terms on the generalized rank and sparsity of a multi-energy image, and intensity/spectral characteristics of base

Soatto, Stefano

120

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System Tim Gollisch receptor; hearing; sound intensity; energy; model; locust Auditory receptor cells are commonly measurements of intensity-duration tradeoffs sug- gest that the stimulus energy is the crucial variable (Garner

Benda, Jan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effect of pulse intensity distributions on fragment internal energy in the infrared multiphoton dissociation of vinyl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of pulse intensity distributions on fragment internal energy in the infrared multiphoton of laser intensity on the production of fragment energy distribu- tions. Laser induced fluorescence (LIF pumping is pro- portional to the light intensity, the final energy of the parent molecule

Zare, Richard N.

122

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy...

123

EIA Energy Efficiency-Iron and Steel Energy Intensity, 1998-2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Iron and Steel Manufacturing Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Below are data for iron and steel industry from the 1998, 2002, and 2006 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The tables provide estimates for energy consumed for all purposes, end uses of fuel consumption, offsite-produced fuel consumption, expenditures for purchased energy, as well as energy intensities per value of production and per ton of steel. Energy Consumption 1998, 2002, and 2006 Table 1. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) html Table 1 excel table 1. pdf table 1. Table 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption html table 2. excel table 2. pdf table 2. Table 3. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption html table 3. excel table 3. pdf table 3. Table 4. Expenditures for Purchased Energy

124

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy intensity (energy per unit GDP) in the 11 th FYP. Forintensity (total energy per unit GDP)  industrial energyof total (primary) energy per unit GDP in fixed 2005 RMB [

Ohshita, Stephanie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

HIGH INTENSITY LOW-ENERGY POSITRON SOURCE AT JEFFERSON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a novel concept of a low-energy e{sup +} source with projected intensity on the order of 10{sup 10} slow e{sup +}/s. The key components of this concept are a continuous wave e{sup -} beam, a rotating positron-production target, a synchronized raster/anti-raster, a transport channel, and extraction of e{sup +} into a field-free area through a magnetic plug for moderation in a cryogenic solid. Components were designed in the framework of GEANT4-based (G4beamline) Monte Carlo simulation and TOSCA magnetic field calculation codes. Experimental data to demonstrate the effectiveness of the magnetic plug is presented.

Serkan Golge, Bogdan Wojtsekhowski, Branislav Vlahovic

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The energy required to produce materials: constraints on energy-intensity improvements, parameters of demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...data for embodied energy comes from Ashby-[10], for material prices for metals from the...10]. Plastic prices are for year 2011...2009. Figure 7. Energy intensity e versus...Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107, 20 905-20...an environmental history of the twentieth-century...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S. energy and carbon intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a lower energy-and-carbon-intensive mix of economicintensity into fuel mix and energy intensity terms. Thisof fuel mix and weather on energy and carbon intensity using

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds the world largest natural gas reserves and it is the world’s largest exporter of natural gas. Energy was one of the driving forces of Russia’s recent economic recovery from the economic collapse of 1990s. These prospects have changed drastically with a global recession and the collapse of oil and gas prices from their peaks of 2008. An additional factor is an ongoing surge in a liquefied natural gas (LNG) capacity and a development of Central Asia’s and the Middle East gas supplies that can compete with Russian gas in its traditional (European) and potential (Asian) markets. To study the long-term prospects for Russian natural gas, we employ the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. While we consider the updated reserve estimates for all world regions, in this paper we focus on the results for Russian natural gas trade. The role of natural gas is explored in the context of several policy assumptions: with no greenhouse gas mitigation policy and scenarios of emissions targets in developed countries. Scenarios where Europe takes on an even more restrictive target of 80

Sergey Paltsev; Sergey Paltsev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy intensity and the energy mix: What works for the environment?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the absence of carbon sequestration, mitigating carbon emissions can be achieved through a mix of two broad policy approaches: (i) reducing energy intensity by improving energy efficiency and conservation, and (ii) changing the fuel mix. This paper investigates the long-run relationship between energy intensity, the energy mix, and per capita carbon emissions; while controlling for the level of economic activity, the economic structure measured by the relative size of the manufacturing sector, and the differences in institutional qualities across countries. We aim to answer two particularly important policy questions. First, to what extent these policy approaches are effective in mitigating emissions in the long-run? Second, which institutional qualities significantly contribute to better long-run environmental performance? We use historical data for 131 countries in a heterogeneous panel framework for the period 1972–2010. We find that less dependence on fossil fuel and lower energy intensity reduce emissions in the long run. A goal of 10% reduction in CO2 levels in the long-run requires reducing the share of fossil fuel in total energy use by 11%, or reducing energy intensity by 13%. In addition, specific institutional qualities such as better corruption control and judiciary independence contribute to mitigating levels of emissions.

Amany A. El Anshasy; Marina-Selini Katsaiti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Present and future perspectives for high energy density physics with intense heavy ion and laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and future perspectives for high energy density physics with intense heavy ion and laser18, deliver an intense uranium beam that deposit about 1 kJ0g specific energy in solid matter. Using 2004! Abstract Intense heavy ion beams from the Gesellschaft fĂŒr Schwerionenforschung ~GSI, Darmstadt

131

Physics of neutralization of intense high-energy ion beam pulses by electronsa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics of neutralization of intense high-energy ion beam pulses by electronsa... I. D. Kaganovich beams,13 the physics of solar flares,14 high-intensity high- energy particle beam propagation Neutralization and focusing of intense charged particle beam pulses by electrons form the basis for a wide range

Kaganovich, Igor

132

An Overview of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 U.S. OECD Europe Japan South Korea China India Brazil Middle East Africa Russia Energy Intensity GDP per capita Population Howard Gruenspecht, The Central Role of...

133

ISSUANCE 2015-01-26: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for High-Intensity Lamps, Notice to Reopen Comment Period  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for High-Intensity Lamps, Notice to Reopen Comment Period

134

US Department of Energy (DOE)/Gosatomnadzor (GAN) of Russia project at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a summary of work accomplished within the scope of the DOE-Gosatomnadzor (GAN) Agreement to reduce vulnerability to theft of direct-use nuclear materials in Russia. The DOE-GAN agreement concerns the Russian Academy of Science B.P. Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), located 45 kilometers from St. Petersburg. The PNPI operates facilities to research basic nuclear physics. Current world conditions require particular attention to the issue of Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) of nuclear materials. The long-term plan to increase security at the facility is outlined, including training, physical protection upgrades, and material control and accountability. 4 figs.

Baranov, I.A.; Konoplev, K.A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Hauser, G.C. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

An Analysis of Residential Energy Intensity in Iran, A System Dynamics Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: substantial development of counties needs to use the resources in an efficient way. One indicator that shows the degree of efficient use of energy resources is energy intensity. Statistics show that Iran’s energy intensity was in a bad situation during past years and if this manner of using energy resources continues, it will get worse.In this study a system dynamics approach is used to model changes of energy intensity in residential sector in Iran. By implementation and simulation of this model we found some reasons of this problem in Iran. Then we tried to introduce some policies to make steady improvement in energy intensity in the future. Keywords:

Mohamed M. Jamshidi

136

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Portfolio of projects focused on investments in high-impact, crosscutting opportunities that provide significant energy savings and carbon reductions across a broad industrial base

137

Supplementary Paper SP 3.1: Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds the world largest natural gas reserves and it is the world’s largest exporter of natural gas. Energy was one of the driving forces of Russia’s recent economic recovery from the economic collapse of 1990s. The country enjoyed more that 5 percent annual real economic growth for the period of 2000-2008. The robust growth with ever increasing energy prices had contributed to a sense of a long-term economic stability in Russia. These

Sergey Paltsev

138

Table 22. Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Projected  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Energy Intensity, Projected vs. Actual Projected (quadrillion Btu / real GDP in billion 2005 chained dollars) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 AEO 1995 10.9 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.0 AEO 1996 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 AEO 1997 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 AEO 1998 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 AEO 1999 9.6 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.5 AEO 2000 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 AEO 2001 8.7 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.4

139

Winter 2010 EVENTS FOCUS: RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Winter 2010 EVENTS FOCUS: RUSSIA Tue, Jan 12, 4-5:30 pm WCED/CREES/Ford School Lecture. "U.S.-Russia Relations: Status of the `Reset'." John Beyrle, U.S. Ambassador to Russia. Co-sponsors: International Policy and literature, Oberlin College. Wed, Feb 3, 12-1:30 pm CREES Brown Bag. "Nostalgia in Post-Socialist Russia

Eustice, Ryan

140

Could energy-intensive industries be powered by carbon-free electricity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Gutowski and Ernst Worrell Could energy-intensive industries be powered...MacKay, DJC . 2008 Sustainable energy-without the hot air. Cambridge...com . 3 Gallman, PG . 2011 Green alternatives and national energy strategy: the facts behind the...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Determinants of energy intensity in industrialized countries : a comparison of China and India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The amount of final energy per unit of economic output (usually in terms of gross domestic product, or GDP), known as energy intensity, is often used to measure the effectiveness of energy use and the consumption patterns ...

Huang, Feiya

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

143

Going beyond energy intensity to understand the energy metabolism of nations: The case of Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The link between energy consumption and economic growth has been widely studied in the economic literature. Understanding this relationship is important from both an environmental and a socio-economic point of view, as energy consumption is crucial to economic activity and human environmental impact. This relevance is even higher for developing countries, since energy consumption per unit of output varies through the phases of development, increasing from an agricultural stage to an industrial one and then decreasing for certain service based economies. In the Argentinean case, the relevance of energy consumption to economic development seems to be particularly important. While energy intensity seems to exhibit a U-Shaped curve from 1990 to 2003 decreasing slightly after that year, total energy consumption increases along the period of analysis. Why does this happen? How can we relate this result with the sustainability debate? All these questions are very important due to Argentinean hydrocarbons dependence and due to the recent reduction in oil and natural gas reserves, which can lead to a lack of security of supply. In this paper we study Argentinean energy consumption pattern for the period 1990–2007, to discuss current and future energy and economic sustainability. To this purpose, we developed a conventional analysis, studying energy intensity, and a non conventional analysis, using the Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM) accounting methodology. Both methodologies show that the development process followed by Argentina has not been good enough to assure sustainability in the long term. Instead of improving energy use, energy intensity has increased. The current composition of its energy mix, and the recent economic crisis in Argentina, as well as its development path, are some of the possible explanations.

Marina Recalde; Jesús Ramos-Martin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

CHEM 740: ENERGIES, INTENSITIES AND POTENTIALS: CONCEPTS AND TOOLS IN SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHEM 740: ENERGIES, INTENSITIES AND POTENTIALS: CONCEPTS AND TOOLS IN SPECTROSCOPY Fall 2001 Instructor: R.J. Le Roy Wednesday Evenings The patterns of energy levels and transition intensities observed energy curves or surfaces characterizing the forces between the component atoms. This course will discuss

Le Roy, Robert J.

145

Optimization Intensive Energy Harvesting Mahsan Rofouei, Mohammad Ali Ghodrat, Miodrag Potkonjak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization Intensive Energy Harvesting Mahsan Rofouei, Mohammad Ali Ghodrat, Miodrag Potkonjak of primary limiting factors of MSs is their energy sensitivity. In order to overcome this limitation, we have developed an optimization intensive approach for energy harvesting. Our goal is to size and position

Potkonjak, Miodrag

146

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985-1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985 - 1994 Full Report Introduction Summary of Data Data Tables Data Summaries All (20-39) Food (20) Textiles (22) Apparel (23) Lumber (24) Furniture (25) Paper (26) Printing (27) Chemicals (28) Refineries (29) Rubber (30) Stone (32) Metals (33) Fab. Metals (34) Machinery (35) El. Equip.(36) Instruments (38) Misc. (39) Appendices Survey Design Quality of Data Sector Description Nonobservation Errors Glossary Intensity Sites Commercial Residential Transportation International Manufacturing Energy Intensity Changes in Energy Intensity Click for Full Graph Manufacturing Energy Consumption Consumption of Energy Click for Full Graph Manufacturing Shipments History of Shipments Click for Full Graph The focus of this data report is on intensity of energy use, measured by energy consumption relative to constant dollar shipments of manufactured products -- commonly called energy intensities (EI) by energy analysts. This report explicitly relates changes in two energy measures of energy intensity to efficiency, while being cognizant that there are structural and behavioral effects enmeshed in those measures of energy efficiency. Reporting EI serves to continue the Intensity Change report series.

147

Reducing Industrial Energy Intensity in the Southeast Project Fact Sheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet contains details regarding a Save Energy Now industrial energy efficiency project that the U.S. Department of Energy funded in Mississippi.

148

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report describes best practices in energy efficiency for keyImproving Energy Efficiency of shape casting. Best practice

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency. "Nuclear Energy and the Kyoto Protocol" OECD/Energy Agency. "Nuclear Energy and the Kyoto Protocol" OECD/et al. "Perception of Nuclear Energy and Coal in France and

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Estimating material and energy intensities of urban areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to develop methods to estimate, analyze and visualize the resource intensity of urban areas. Understanding the resource consumption of the built environment is particularly relevant in cities ...

Quinn, David James, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumers (Europe) and energy suppliers (USSR) to createthat whether you were an energy supplier or a consumer wass reliability as an energy supplier and raised concerns

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in its retail energy market. On January 18, Gazpromto the new realities on Energy markets] were in large parttransformation of the EU energy markets in greater detail.

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aimed to leverage the energy trade to create peace inwanted to increase its energy trade to boost its foreignthe lucrative foreign energy trade; and 5) gave the company

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products ... Sogut, Z.; Ilten, N.; Oktay, Z.Energetic and exergetic performance evaluation of the quadruple-effect evaporator unit in tomato paste evaporation Energy 2010, 35, 3821– 3826 ...

Michael E. Walker; Craig S. Arnold; David J. Lettieri; Margot J. Hutchins; Eric Masanet

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

155

Optically Interconnected Data Center Architecture for Bandwidth Intensive Energy Efficient Networking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically Interconnected Data Center Architecture for Bandwidth Intensive Energy Efficient) 854 2900, e-mail: howard@ee.columbia.edu ABSTRACT The relentless rise of data-intensive cloud will either be prohibitively costly, overly complex, or result in unsustainable energy requirements. Network

Bergman, Keren

156

Mapping the Energy Distribution of SERRS Hot Spots from Anti-Stokes to Stokes Intensity Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping the Energy Distribution of SERRS Hot Spots from Anti- Stokes to Stokes Intensity Ratios in the anti-Stokes to Stokes intensity ratios in single-molecule surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering-enhanced Raman scattering. Moreover, a methodology to estimate the distribution of resonance energies

Brolo, Alexandre G.

157

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 30% of total energy consumption in China. During the30 kWh/ADt 54 for total energy consumption of 11.2 GJ/ADt (leads to a total overall energy consumption value of 11.1

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) - Russia on Thursday declined failed to agree on the site. The plant would generate energy the same way the sun does. Russia and China. Japanese Science Minister Takeo Kawamura was in Moscow on Thursday for closed-door talks with Russia

159

Modelling of CO2 content in the atmosphere until 2300: influence of energy intensity of gross domestic product and carbon intensity of energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study provides a model of CO2 content in the atmosphere based on the global carbon cycle and the Kaya identity. The influences of: 1) energy intensity of GDP; 2) carbon intensity of energy on CO2 trajectories are given under four scenarios. The results from the most optimistic and technologically challenging scenario show that the atmospheric CO2 concentration can stabilise at 610 ppmv. It is also shown that the annual growth rates of atmospheric CO2 peak for all the scenarios before 2100 due to the expected world population peak in 2075 and the large share of fossil fuel energy.

Wojciech M. Budzianowski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Forest-steppe foothills near Tuva (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an ultra-continental steppe was determined at the Tuva study site from 1978 to 1985. Measurement of monthly dynamics of above-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (May-August). Cumulative above-ground net primary production was estimated for some years. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description The productivities of two meadows (i.e., one loamy soil, one sandy soil) were determined at the Otradnoe study site from 1969 to 1973. Measurements of monthly dynamics of above-ground and below-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (April-October). Above-ground net primary production was estimated for each year. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently assembled and checked by Dr. Tagir Gilmanov, which cover a wide range of climate and "continentality" (increasing

162

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia) the unique volcano with frequent basaltic plinian-Kamchatsky, Russia #12;#12;Historical eruptions of Chikurachki Year 1853-59 1958 1961 1964 1973 1986 2002 Column

Belousov, Alexander

163

PNNL Data-Intensive Computing for a Smarter Energy Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middleware for Data-Intensive Computing (MeDICi) Integration Framework, an integrated platform to solve data analysis and processing needs, supports PNNL research on the U.S. electric power grid. MeDICi is enabling development of visualizations of grid operations and vulnerabilities, with goal of near real-time analysis to aid operators in preventing and mitigating grid failures.

Carol Imhoff; Zhenyu (Henry) Huang [Henry; Daniel Chavarria

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

PNNL Data-Intensive Computing for a Smarter Energy Grid  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Middleware for Data-Intensive Computing (MeDICi) Integration Framework, an integrated platform to solve data analysis and processing needs, supports PNNL research on the U.S. electric power grid. MeDICi is enabling development of visualizations of grid operations and vulnerabilities, with goal of near real-time analysis to aid operators in preventing and mitigating grid failures.

Carol Imhoff; Zhenyu (Henry) Huang; Daniel Chavarria

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be world average energy intensities for the production ofWorld Steel Association (worldsteel) since imported products can be from different countries and will thus vary in their energy consumption during production

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the national energy policy,” Norway argued that: In theECH policy of Norway (also an energy exporter to Europe),added) Thus, Norway was arguing that energy policy was a

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Power", IAEA Nuclear Energy Series, No. NG-G-3.1.Essentials, March 2007. OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency. "Nuclear Energy and the Kyoto Protocol" OECD/IEA Report OECD/

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

DRAFT DO NOT QUOTE Energy Prices and Energy Intensity in China: A Structural Decomposition Analysis and Econometrics Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has declined dramatically, by about 70%, in spite of increases in energy consumption. Is this just a coincidence? Or does a systematic relationship exist between energy prices and energy intensity? In this study, we examine whether and how China’s energy price changes affect its energy intensity trend during 1980-2002 at a macro level. We conduct the research by using two complementary economic models: the input-output-based structural decomposition analysis (SDA) and econometric regression models and by using a decomposition method of own-price elasticity of energy intensity. Findings include a negative own-price elasticity of energy intensity, a price-inducement effect on energyefficiency improvement, and a greater sensitivity (in terms of the reaction of energy intensity towards changes in energy prices) of the industry sector, compared to the overall economy. Analysts can use these results as a starting point for China's energy and carbon

Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske; Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia EDITED BY MichaelJ. Bemon University of Bristol Mikhail South Africa, but others are unique to Russia. Marine rep- tiles have been found at many localities the CloetaCeous of Russia, Middle Asia, and :rvlongolia, arc equally important. Some of the dinosaurs

Benton, Michael

170

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for global nuclear security, given my aforementionedthe national security dimensions of nuclear energy see forecological and security risks associated with nuclear energy

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean to kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

172

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

173

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1989 data -- Publication  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

End-Use Intensities Executive Summary > Publication and Tables End-Use Intensities Executive Summary > Publication and Tables Publication and Tables Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Figure on Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Divider Bar To View and/or Print Reports (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader If you experience any difficulties, visit our Technical Frequently Asked Questions. Divider Bar You have the option of downloading the entire report or selected sections of the report. Full Report - Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings (1989 data) (file size .89 MB) pages: 140

174

Policies for eliminating low-efficiency production capacities and improving energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract China faced the greatest challenge in balancing its economic growth, energy and resource security as well as environmental pollution. The energy-intensive industries, which used to be the major force driving China?s economic growth, had seriously exhausted the countries? natural resources and energy, and at the same time polluted the environment because of the severe surplus of low-efficiency production capacities. As a result, the Chinese government had initiated multiple economic and administrative policies to eliminate these low-efficiency production capacities intended to improve the energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries. These policies are summarized in this paper, along with export tax rebating rate, resource tax, administrative audit and approvals, differential electric power pricing and shutting down the low-efficiency production capacities. The paper also evaluates the effects of these policies by analyzing several key indicators about the energy-intensive industries, including fixed asset investment growth rate, energy-intensity of industrial added-value, waste gas emission-intensity of industrial added-value. The VALDEX methodology is selected to examine the improving trends of energy-efficiency for energy-intensive industries. The analyzing results show that firstly the development of low-efficiency capacities tends to be more sensitive to the policies, so the policies that China had enacted really exert very important effects on improving the energy-efficiency of energy-intensive industries. However, the effects of economic policies seem more faster and obvious than the fiscal policies. Besides, the results also show that polices which are designed to reserve energy may not necessarily exert the same effects on reducing emissions. There is still large room for improving the energy efficiency of energy-intensive industries, substantial improvement still needs to be done for current policies’ system. Some suggestions for future work are provided.

Li Li; Jianjun Wang; Zhongfu Tan; Xinquan Ge; Jian Zhang; Xiaozhe Yun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Russia's Soft Underbelly: The Stability of Instability in Dagestan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Berkeley RUSSIA’S SOFT UNDERBELLY: THEsocrates.berkeley.edu/~bsp/ RUSSIA’S SOFT UNDERBELLY: THEin the North Caucasus and Russia’s weakening hold on the

Walker, Edward W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat of reaction Steam, heating and losses Fractionation and compression Separation Total Note: Primary energy includes electricity generation, transmission, and distribution losses

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

ITP Energy Intensive Processes: Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Improved Heat Recovery in Biomass-Fired Boilers Reducing Superheater Corrosion to Enable Maximum Energy Effi ciency This project will develop...

178

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Growth in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 47% in the US, 44% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 54% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 20% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 17% in West Germany, and 14% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation's economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L.; Andersson, B.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Grouch in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 46% in the US, 42% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 53% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 19% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 15% in West Germany, and l4% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation's economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Andersson, B. (Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Growth in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 47% in the US, 44% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 54% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 20% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 17% in West Germany, and 14% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation`s economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L.; Andersson, B.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The structure and intensity of energy use: Trends in five OECD nations. Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines trends in the structure and intensity of final energy demand in five OECD nations between 1973 and 1988. Our focus is on primary energy use, which weights fuels by their thermal content and multiplies district heat and electricity by factors of 1.15 and 3.24 to approximate the losses that occur in the conversion and distribution of these energy carriers. Grouch in the level of energy-using activities, given 1973 energy intensities (energy use per unit of activity), would have raised primary energy use by 46% in the US, 42% in Norway, 33% in Denmark, 37% in West Germany, and 53% in Japan. Reductions in end-use energy intensities, given 1973 activity levels, would have reduced primary energy use by 19% in the US, 3% in Norway, 20% in Denmark, 15% in West Germany, and l4% in Japan. Growth in national income parallelled increases in a weighted index of energy-using activities in the US, West Germany, and Denmark but substantially outstripped activity growth in Norway and Japan. We conclude that changes in the structure of a nation`s economy may lead to substantial changes in its energy/GDP ratio that are unrelated to changes in the technical efficiency of energy utilization. Similarly, changes in energy intensities may be greater or less than the aggregate change in the energy/GDP ratio of a given country, a further warning that this ratio may be an unreliable indicator of technical efficiency.

Howarth, R.B.; Schipper, L. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Andersson, B. [Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Carbon dioxide emissions intensity of Portuguese industry and energy sectors: A convergence analysis and econometric approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Given the relevance of energy and pollution issues for industrialised countries and the importance of industry and energy sectors to the achievement of their economic and environmental goals, it is important to know if there is a common pattern of emissions intensity, fuel intensity and energy intensity, between industries, to know if it justifies a more specific application of energy policies between sectors, which sectors have the greatest potential for reducing energy use and which are the long term effects of those specific variables on the mitigation of emissions. We found that although there is literature on decomposition of effects that affect emissions, the study of the convergence and of the relationships between these variables does not include ratios or effects that result from the decomposition analysis. Thus, the above questions are not answered, much less for the Portuguese reality. The purpose of this paper is to study: (i) the existence of convergence of some relevant ratios as Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions intensity, CO2 emissions by fossil fuel consumption, fossil fuel intensity, energy intensity and economic structure, between industry and energy sectors in Portugal, and (ii) the influence that the consumption of fossil fuels, the consumption of aggregate energy and GDP have on CO2 emissions, and the influence that the ratios in which CO2 emissions intensity decomposes can affect that variable, using an econometric approach, namely Panel corrected standard errors estimator. We concluded that there is sigma convergence for all ratios with exception of fossil fuel intensity. Gamma convergence verifies for all ratios, with exception of CO2 emissions by fossil fuel. From the econometric approach we concluded that the considered variables have a significant importance in explaining CO2 emissions and CO2 emissions intensity.

Victor Moutinho; Margarita Robaina-Alves; Jorge Mota

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Title A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2011 Authors Price, Lynn K., Ali Hasanbeigi, Nathaniel T. Aden, Zhang Chunxia, Li Xiuping, and Shangguan Fangqin Conference Name ACEEE Industrial Summer Study Date Published 07/2011 Publisher American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Conference Location New York Keywords china, energy intensity, iron and steel, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, united states Abstract The goal of this study was to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity of steel production in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and industry structure. In addition to the base case analysis, six scenarios were developed to assess the effect of different factors such as the share of electric arc furnace (EAF) steel production, conversion factors for the embodied energy of imported and exported intermediary and auxiliary products, and the differences in net calorific values of the fuels. The results of the analysis show that for the whole iron and steel production process, the final energy intensity in 2006 was equal to 14.90 GJ/tonne crude steel in the U.S. and 23.11 GJ/tonne crude steel in China in the base scenario. In another scenario that assumed the Chinese share of electric arc furnace production in 2006 (i.e. 10.5%) in the U.S., the energy intensity of steel production in the U.S. increased by 54% to 22.96GJ/tonne crude steel. Thus, when comparing the energy intensity of the U.S and Chinese steel industry,the structure of the industry should be taken into account.

184

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings 1995 - Index...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1995 End-Use Data 1995 End-Use Data Overview Tables National estimates of energy consumption by fuel (electricity and natural gas) and end use (heating, cooling, lighting, etc.)...

185

CBECS 1989 - Energy End-use Intensities in Commercial Buildings -- Detailed  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Publication > Detailed Tables Publication > Detailed Tables 1989 Energy End-Use Intensities Detailed Tables Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Table Organization The following 13 tables present detailed energy end-use consumption data from the 1989 CBECS. Summary tables for all major fuels (electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat) appear first, followed by separate tables for each of the four major fuels. Within each energy source’s group of tables, there is a table showing end-use consumption, a table showing end-use intensities (consumption per square foot), and a table (except for fuel oil and district heat) showing the end-use shares of total consumption.

186

The role of energy intensity improvement in the AR4 GHG stabilization scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyzes the role of energy intensity improvement in the short term (to the year 2020) and midterm (to the year 2050) in the context of long-term greenhouse gases (GHG) stabilization scenarios. The dat...

Tatsuya Hanaoka; Mikiko Kainuma; Yuzuru Matsuoka

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Minimization in an Energy-Intensive Plant Using Mathematical Programming Approaches ... This creates a potential opportunity to reduce average operating costs by changing the operating mode and production rates depending on the power costs. ...

M. G. Ierapetritou; D. Wu; J. Vin; P. Sweeney; M. Chigirinskiy

2002-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

Energy Policy 30 (2002) 151163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicators measure the energy used per dollar of GDP produced by some sector, sub-sector, industry or productEnergy Policy 30 (2002) 151­163 Aggregating physical intensity indicators: results of applying School of Resource and Environmental Management, Energy Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby

189

European CommissionŽs Antitrust Investigation against Gazprom - Implications for the Energy Security of Russia and the European Union.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This master thesis analyzes the European and Russian energy security, in light of political science and international political economy. The aim of the study is… (more)

Rűe, Anni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial sector is the most important end-use sector in developing countries in terms of energy use and was responsible for 50% of primary energy use and 53% of associated carbon dioxide emissions in 1995 (Price et al., 1999). The industrial sector is extremely diverse, encompassing the extraction of natural resources, conversion of these resources into raw materials, and manufacture of finished products. Five energy-intensive industrial subsectors account for the bulk of industrial energy use and related carbon dioxide emissions: iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum refining, pulp and paper, and cement. In this paper, we focus on the steel and cement sectors in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico.1 We review historical trends, noting that China became the world's largest producer of cement in 1985 and of steel in 1996. We discuss trends that influence energy consumption, such as the amount of additives in cement (illustrated through the clinker/cement ratio), the share of electric arc furnaces, and the level of adoption of continuous casting. To gauge the potential for improvement in production of steel and cement in these countries, we calculate a ''best practice'' intensity based on use of international best practice technology to produce the mix of products manufactured in each country in 1995. We show that Brazil has the lowest potential for improvement in both sectors. In contrast, there is significant potential for improvement in Mexico, India, and especially China, where adoption of best practice technologies could reduce energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from steel production by 50% and cement production by 37%. We conclude by comparing the identified potential for energy efficiency improvement and carbon dioxide emissions reduction in these key developing countries to that of the U.S. This comparison raises interesting questions related to efforts to improve energy efficiency in developing countries, such as: what is the appropriate role of industrialized countries in promoting the adoption of low carbon technologies, how do international steel and cement companies influence the situation, and how can such information be used in the context of Clean Development Mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol?

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Reindeer husbandry in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Russia has about two-thirds of the world's population of domesticated reindeer. They are herded on a territory of more than three million square kilometres on the tundra, forest-tundra, taiga and mountain areas. The reindeer husbandry in Russia is one of the most important areas of indigenous self-employment especially in the remote Arctic and Siberian regions. It is the basis of the cultures of many northern indigenous peoples, who have varied traditions and wide experiences of reindeer herding in a diversity of landscapes. Domesticated reindeer allow them to live in harmony with the extremely severe natural conditions of the Far North. Many herders say: 'Our people will live as long as the reindeer are here. If there are no reindeer – there will not be our people'.

Konstantin Klokov

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Could energy intensive industries be powered by carbonfree electricity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chemical services -- for example, coal, converted to coke, acts as a reducing agent in blast furnaces.) (a comes from coal, oil, and natural gas. What infrastructure would be required to deliver the same amount to Royal Society T E X Paper #12; 2 David J C MacKay FRS Primary energy consumption: 2740TWh/y Coal: 475TWh

MacKay, David J.C.

194

Solar?energy conversion at high solar intensities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentration of sunlight offers distinct advantages for solar–electrical generation either by thermal conversion or by photovoltaics. A large variety of concentration techniques are available with concentration ratios of 1–1000. Concentration is required for thermal conversion systems to attain the high temperatures needed for efficiencies in the desired range of about 25%–35%. The projected costs for some of the solar thermal systems (especially the central receiver and the fixed mirror) indicate that they could be economically competitive in the southwestern states. The southwest may be required for these high?concentration systems to overcome the main disadvantage of concentration which is the use of the direct component of sunlight only. Other concerns of high?intensity systems are in tracking requirements reflective surface accuracy and material lifetimes of both the reflecting and absorbing components. Selective surface absorbers will be required for systems with concentration ratios below a few hundred. The present high cost of solar?cell?generated electricity can be reduced considerably by using concentrators. Cells can be used with any of the concentrator designs and the major concern is keeping them at acceptable operating temperatures. Planar silicon cells vertical multijunction and gallium–aluminum–arsenide cells all look attractive for concentrating systems.

Charles E. Backus

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Energy Intensity Development of the German Iron and Steel Industry between 1991 and 2007 Marlene Arensa), 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Intensity Development of the German Iron and Steel Industry between 1991 and 2007 Marlene industry, energy intensity 1) Corresponding Author. Tel: +49 721 6809 408, fax: +49 721 6809 272, marlene a decomposition method [25]. Kim and Worrell (2002) compared energy and CO2intensity in the steel sector among

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i How do consumers and firms purchase equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i CIEEDAC How do, 2007 #12;Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature ii Executive Summary Energy intense equipment purchasing behaviour: A review of the literature. CIEEDAC has been charged

197

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. DOE/EIA - 0617 Distribution Category UC-950 Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia November 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U. S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia iii Preface Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia is part of the Energy Information Administration's

198

Construction Endorsement Process in Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The construction endorsement and receiving of construction permit is a long lasting and very complicated process in Russia. There is no one and only instruction… (more)

Avanesov, Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Russia - Nato. The military balance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project aims to explain how the military balancing of Russia against NATO can be explained from a neoclassical realist framework. The project consists in… (more)

Skarequist, Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Chinaâs Oil Diplomacy with Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Chinaâs view, it is necessary to get crude oil and oil pipeline. Under Russia and China strategic partnership, China tries to obtain âlong term… (more)

Chao, Jiun-chuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

russia | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

russia | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

202

Energy End-Use Intensities in Commercial Buildings1992 -- Overview/End-Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

> Overview > Overview 1992 Energy End-Use Intensities Overview Energy Consumption by End Use, 1992 Figure on Energy Consumption By End Use, 1992 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. End-Use Estimation Methodology The end-use estimates had two main sources: (1) survey data collected by the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) and (2) building energy simulations provided by the Facility Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) system. The CBECS provided data on building characteristics and total energy consumption (i.e., for all end uses) for a national sample of commercial buildings. Using data collected by the CBECS, the FEDS engineering modules were used to produce estimates of energy consumption by end use. The FEDS engineering estimates were then statistically adjusted to match the CBECS total energy consumption.

203

Experimental Observation of Electrons Accelerated in Vacuum to Relativistic Energies by a High-Intensity Laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Free electrons have been accelerated in vacuum to MeV energies by a high-intensity subpicosecond laser pulse ( 1019 W/cm2, 300 fs). The experimental data are in good agreement with the relativistic motion of electrons in a spatially and temporally finite electromagnetic field, both in terms of maximum energy and scattering angle.

G. Malka; E. Lefebvre; J. L. Miquel

1997-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

204

Explaining Long-Run Changes in the Energy Intensity of the U.S. Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent events have revived interest in explaining the long-run changes in the energy intensity of the U.S. economy. We use a KLEM dataset for 35 industries over 39 years to decompose changes in the aggregate energy-GDP ...

Sue Wing, Ian.

205

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985-1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Introduction Rankeda EI Numbers of Total Inputs of Energy SIC Codeb Intensity for 1985c Intensity for 1994c 29 18.11 25.85 26 17.82 17.71 33 19.57 16.27 32 14.75 14.69 28 11.09 12.14 All 5.34 5.77 24 5.24 5.05 22 4.07 3.82 20 2.41 2.72 30 2.81 2.22 34 1.91 1.98 25 1.37 1.16 39 1.14 1.16 38 0.92 1.10 36 1.11 0.90 35 1.14 0.86 27 0.62 0.74 23 0.47 0.38 c For this report, all energy-intensity ratios are presented in units of thousands of Btu per 1992 constant dollars. Source: Table 12 of this report. The focus of this data report is on energy consumption relative to constant dollar shipments of manufactured products -- commonly called energy intensities (EI) by energy analysts. This report presents two measures of energy consumption, Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy,

206

Changes in Energy Intensity in the Manufacturing Sector 1985-1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Introduction Rankeda EI Numbers of Total Inputs of Energy SIC Codeb Intensity for 1985c Intensity for 1994c 29 18.11 25.85 26 17.82 17.71 33 19.57 16.27 32 14.75 14.69 28 11.09 12.14 All 5.34 5.77 24 5.24 5.05 22 4.07 3.82 20 2.41 2.72 30 2.81 2.22 34 1.91 1.98 25 1.37 1.16 39 1.14 1.16 38 0.92 1.10 36 1.11 0.90 35 1.14 0.86 27 0.62 0.74 23 0.47 0.38 c For this report, all energy-intensity ratios are presented in units of thousands of Btu per 1992 constant dollars. Source: Table 12 of this report. The focus of this data report is on energy consumption relative to constant dollar shipments of manufactured products -- commonly called energy intensities (EI) by energy analysts. This report presents two measures of energy consumption, Offsite-Produced Energy and Total Inputs of Energy,

207

Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us Climate Policy Design for Energy-Intensive Industries - And The Rest of Us Speaker(s): Holmes Hummel Date: January 8, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Diamond Driving the U.S. energy system toward climate stabilization requires integration of multiple policy instruments in a staged series of legislative and regulatory policy vehicles. Qualifying the limitations of a cap-and-trade approach, Dr. Hummel will present a framework for orienting and organizing a multi-faceted policy development process. After surveying key design recommendations for specific sectors, the presentation will drill deeper into the specific challenge of engaging energy-intensive industries subject to global competition. After briefly discussing some of

208

Energy intensities, \\{EROIs\\} (energy returned on invested), and energy payback times of electricity generating power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy returned on invested, EROI, has been evaluated for typical power plants representing wind energy, photovoltaics, solar thermal, hydro, natural gas, biogas, coal and nuclear power. The strict exergy concept with no “primary energy weighting”, updated material databases, and updated technical procedures make it possible to directly compare the overall efficiency of those power plants on a uniform mathematical and physical basis. Pump storage systems, needed for solar and wind energy, have been included in the EROI so that the efficiency can be compared with an “unbuffered” scenario. The results show that nuclear, hydro, coal, and natural gas power systems (in this order) are one order of magnitude more effective than photovoltaics and wind power.

D. Weißbach; G. Ruprecht; A. Huke; K. Czerski; S. Gottlieb; A. Hussein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: U.S. National Energy Use Intensity |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. National Energy Use U.S. National Energy Use Intensity Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

210

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China Title National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5253E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Zhou, Nan, Lynn K. Price, Nina Zheng, Jing Ke, and Ali Hasanbeigi Date Published 10/2011 Publisher Lawrence Berkerley National Laboratory ISBN Number LBNL-5253E Keywords china, china energy, co-control, energy intensity, industrial energy efficiency, iron and steel industry, Low Emission & Efficient Industry, policy studies, sulfur dioxide Abstract Since 2006, China has set goals of reducing energy intensity, emissions, and pollutants in multiple guidelines and in the Five Year Plans. Various strategies and measures have then been taken to improve the energy efficiency in all sectors and to reduce pollutants. Since controlling energy, CO2 emissions, and pollutants falls under the jurisdiction of different government agencies in China, many strategies are being implemented to fulfill only one of these objectives.Co-controls or integrated measures could simultaneously reduce greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions and criteria air pollutant emissions. The targets could be met in a more cost effective manner if the integrated measures can be identified and prioritized. This report provides analysis and insights regarding how these targets could be met via co-control measures focusing on both CO2 and SO2 emissions in the cement, iron & steel, and power sectors to 2030 in China. An integrated national energy and emission model was developed in order to establish a baseline scenario that was used to assess the impact of actions already taken by the Chinese government as well as planned and expected actions. In addition, CO2 mitigation scenarios and SO2 control scenarios were also established to evaluate the impact of each of the measures and the combined effects.

211

A High Intensity Linear e+ e- Collider Facility at Low Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss a proposal for a high intensity $e^+e^-$ linear collider operated at low center of mass energies $\\sqrt{s}intensity beams. Such a facility would provide high statistics samples of (charmed) vector mesons and would permit searches for LFV with unprecedented precision in decays of $\\tau$ leptons and mesons. Implications on the design of the linear accelerator are discussed together with requirements to achieve luminosities of $10^{35}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ or more.

A. Schoning

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production of iron and steel is an energy-intensive manufacturing process. In 2006, the iron and steel industry accounted for 13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and the U.S., respectively (U.S. DOE/EIA, 2010a; Zhang et al., 2010). The energy efficiency of steel production has a direct impact on overall energy consumption and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The goal of this study is to develop a methodology for making an accurate comparison of the energy intensity (energy use per unit of steel produced) of steel production. The methodology is applied to the steel industry in China and the U.S. The methodology addresses issues related to boundary definitions, conversion factors, and indicators in order to develop a common framework for comparing steel industry energy use. This study uses a bottom-up, physical-based method to compare the energy intensity of China and U.S. crude steel production in 2006. This year was chosen in order to maximize the availability of comparable steel-sector data. However, data published in China and the U.S. are not always consistent in terms of analytical scope, conversion factors, and information on adoption of energy-saving technologies. This study is primarily based on published annual data from the China Iron & Steel Association and National Bureau of Statistics in China and the Energy Information Agency in the U.S. This report found that the energy intensity of steel production is lower in the United States than China primarily due to structural differences in the steel industry in these two countries. In order to understand the differences in energy intensity of steel production in both countries, this report identified key determinants of sector energy use in both countries. Five determinants analyzed in this report include: share of electric arc furnaces in total steel production, sector penetration of energy-efficiency technologies, scale of production equipment, fuel shares in the iron and steel industry, and final steel product mix in both countries. The share of lower energy intensity electric arc furnace production in each country was a key determinant of total steel sector energy efficiency. Overall steel sector structure, in terms of average plant vintage and production capacity, is also an important variable though data were not available to quantify this in a scenario. The methodology developed in this report, along with the accompanying quantitative and qualitative analyses, provides a foundation for comparative international assessment of steel sector energy intensity.

Hasanbeigi, Ali; Price, Lynn; Aden, Nathaniel; Chunxia, Zhang; Xiuping, Li; Fangqin, Shangguan

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

In-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An arrangement is provided for the in-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams. The beam is directed onto a target surface of known composition, such that Rutherford backscattering of the beam occurs. The yield-energy characteristic response of the beam to backscattering from the target is analyzed using Rutherford backscattering techniques to determine the yields of energy species components of the beam.

Kugel, Henry W. (Somerset, NJ); Kaita, Robert (Englishtown, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy intensities and CO2 emissions in Catalonia: a SAM analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we estimate sectoral energy intensities and CO2 emissions for the Catalonian economy. In order to evaluate energy intensities, we use the SAM (Social Accounting Matrix) multiplier analysis applied to a SAM of the economy. CO2 emissions are estimated by means of the Leontief input-output submodel of the SAM, together with a table of coefficients of emissions per unit of monetary expenditures. This new methodology allows us to dispense with energy input-output tables for the base period. Our results are of the same order of magnitude as others obtained by physical measurement methods. We also simulate how changes in demand and energy energy efficiency parameters may affect CO2 emissions for the economy.

Antonio Manresa; Ferran Sancho

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The relationship between maximum tolerated light intensity and photoprotective energy dissipation in the photosynthetic antenna: chloroplast gains and losses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tolerated light intensity and photoprotective energy dissipation in the photosynthetic antenna...photoinhibition by non-photochemical energy dissipation (NPQ) has been recently...membrane. protective non-photochemical energy dissipation|thylakoid membrane|photosystem...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

217

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

218

Department of Energy Commercial Building Benchmarks (New Construction): Energy Use Intensities, May 5, 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Benchmarks Benchmarks New Construction Energy Use Intensities (EUIs) [kBtu/ft 2 /yr] May 5, 2009 Miami Houston Phoenix Atlanta Los Angeles Las Vegas San Francisco Baltimore Albuquerque Seattle Chicago Denver Minneapolis Helena Duluth Fairbanks 2003 CBECS Avg. Climate Zone 1A 2A 2B 3A 3B 3B 3C 4A 4B 4C 5A 5B 6A 6B 7 8 Large Office 39 42 40 39 32 40 34 43 39 37 43 38 47 44 49 62 99 Medium Office 38 44 42 44 35 41 40 51 43 46 53 47 59 54 62 82 94 Small Office 46 48 49 46 36 44 38 53 47 47 61 52 70 62 77 110 80 Warehouse 15 15 15 16 14 16 14 18 17 16 21 20 26 23 27 43 48 Stand-alone Retail 48 46 46 41 34 41 35 45 42 40 48 45 54 51 61 88 70 Strip Mall 46 44 44 44 35 43 38 48 45 42 51 47 60 55 66 99 110 Primary School 65 71 69 69 57 65 71 78 68 65 85 74 99 88 107 147 68 Secondary School 69 74 74 73 50 68 67 87 72 72 99 81 117 101 128 181 80 Supermarket 161 171 161 175 155 162 171 191 174 186 206 188 224 209 240

219

(M)other Russia: Evolution or Revolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(M)other Russia: Evolution or Revolution Twenty Years since the Collapse of Communism An inter.music.sas.ac.uk ÂŁ25 (ÂŁ15 student) Keynote speakers: Sir Rodric Braithwaite (former UK Ambassador to Russia) Vladimir Ambassador to Russia: Russia Today Coffee 11:00 Irina Souch (University of Amsterdam): Double Thinking

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

220

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia http://www region: 2000 #12;RUSSIA Official Responses 7 of July 2000 Head of Nature Resource Committee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combating Illegal LoggingCombating Illegal Logging in Russia:in Russia: Case study ofCase study of PrimorskyPrimorsky RegionRegion AlexeyAlexey MorozovMorozov Greenpeace RussiaGreenpeace Russia #12;Primorsky #12;RUSSIA Official Responses 7 of July 2000 Head of Nature Resource Committee of the Primorsky

222

Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Study Title Smart Grid as a Driver for Energy-Intensive Industries: A Data Center Case Study Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-6104E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ganti, Venkata, and Girish Ghatikar Conference Name Grid-Interop 2012 Date Published 12/2012 Conference Location Irving, TX Keywords data centers, market sectors, technologies Abstract The Smart Grid facilitates integration of supply- and demand-side services, allowing the end-use loads to be dynamic and respond to changes in electricity generation or meet localized grid needs. Expanding from previous work, this paper summarizes the results from field tests conducted to identify demand response opportunities in energy-intensive industrial facilities such as data centers. There is a significant opportunity for energy and peak-demand reduction in data centers as hardware and software technologies, sensing, and control methods can be closely integrated with the electric grid by means of demand response. The paper provides field test results by examining distributed and networked data center characteristics, end-use loads and control systems, and recommends opportunities and challenges for grid integration. The focus is on distributed data centers and how loads can be "migrated" geographically in response to changing grid supply (increase/decrease). In addition, it examines the enabling technologies and demand-response strategies of high performance computing data centers. The findings showed that the studied data centers provided average load shed of up to 10% with short response times and no operational impact. For commercial program participation, the load-shed strategies must be tightly integrated with data center automation tools to make them less resource-intensive.

223

A multivariate analysis of the energy intensity of sprawl versus compact living in the U.S. for 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Household energy consumption Sprawl Compact living Energy impact We explore the energy intensity of sprawl versus compact living by analyzing the total energy requirements of U.S. households for the year 2003. The methods used are based on previous studies on energy cost of living. Total energy requirement

Vermont, University of

224

Laser-Energy Transfer and Enhancement of Plasma Waves and Electron Beams by Interfering High-Intensity Laser Pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser-Energy Transfer and Enhancement of Plasma Waves and Electron Beams by Interfering High-Intensity) The effects of interference due to crossed laser beams were studied experimentally in the high- intensity regime. Two ultrashort (400 fs), high-intensity (4 1017 and 1:6 1018 W=cm2) and 1 m wavelength laser

Umstadter, Donald

225

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the EnergyEnvironmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence BerkeleyIsfahan University of Technology Mohamad Abdolrazaghi,

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Energy use and energy intensity of the U.S. chemical industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs, fixed costs and ethylene price Purchased energy costsfeedstock and energy prices, ethylene yield (per unit ofof ethylene produced) and the generally higher energy prices

Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian; Einstein, Dan; Martin, Nathan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The “Forward Russia” Flag: Examining the Changing Use of the Bear as a Symbol of Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site of the President of Russia (10 September 2009), http://October 2010. The “Forward Russia” Flag End Notes 1. MariaDonald Dewey, “Drawing Russia”, Russian Life, v. 49 #5 (Sep-

Platoff, Anne M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A Comprehensive System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S.: Methods, Data and Key Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a comprehensive system of energy intensity indicators for the United States that has been developed for the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) over the past decade. This system of indicators is hierarchical in nature, beginning with detailed indexes of energy intensity for various sectors of the economy, which are ultimately aggregated to an overall energy intensity index for the economy as a whole. The aggregation of energy intensity indexes to higher levels in the hierarchy is performed with a version of the Log Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method. Based upon the data and methods in the system of indicators, the economy-wide energy intensity index shows a decline of about 14% in 2010 relative to a 1985 base year. Discussion of energy intensity indicators for each of the broad end-use sectors of the economy—residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation—is presented in the report. An analysis of recent changes in the efficiency of electricity generation in the U.S. is also included. A detailed appendix describes the data sources and methodology behind the energy intensity indicators for each sector.

Belzer, David B.

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

Russia in a European coat : the paradoxes of Peter Chaadaev.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??“What is Russia’s identity if it is not to follow the Western path?” Peter Chaadaev first posed this question. His paradoxical views of Russia led… (more)

Brandon, Kristina D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Analyzing intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution via the overlap intensity-level velocity correlator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerous experimental and theoretical studies have established that intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution (IVR) in isolated molecules has a heirarchical tier structure. The tier structure implies strong correlations between the energy level motions of a quantum system and its intensity-weighted spectrum. A measure, which explicitly accounts for this correaltion, was first introduced by one of us as a sensitive probe of phase space localization. It correlates eigenlevel velocities with the overlap intensities between the eigenstates and some localized state of interest. A semiclassical theory for the correlation is developed for systems that are classically integrable and complements earlier work focusing exclusively on the chaotic case. Application to a model two dimensional effective spectroscopic Hamiltonian shows that the correlation measure can provide information about the terms in the molecular Hamiltonian which play an important role in an energy range of interest and the character of the dynamics. Moreover, the correlation function is capable of highlighting relevant phase space structures including the local resonance features associated with a specific bright state. In addition to being ideally suited for multidimensional systems with a large density of states, the measure can also be used to gain insights into the phase space transport and localization. It is argued that the overlap intensity-level velocity correlation function provides a novel way of studying vibrational energy redistribution in isolated molecules. The correlation function is ideally suited to analyzing the parametric spectra of molecules in external fields.

Srihari Keshavamurthy; Nicholas R. Cerruti; Steven Tomsovic

2002-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

231

Comparison Study of Energy Intensity in the Textile Industry: A Case Study in Five Textile Sub-sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper contributes to the understanding of energy use in the textile industry by comparing the energy intensity of textile plants in five major sub-sectors, i.e. spinning, weaving, wet-processing, worsted fabric manufacturing, and carpet...

Hasanbeigi, A.; Hasanabadi, A.; Abdorrazaghi, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Exploring the Effect of Inter-Stop Transport Distances on Traction Energy Cost Intensities of Freight Trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With a computer-aided simulation approach, this research analyzes the change of the traction energy cost intensity of a typically formed Chinese freight ... than 20.00 km to decrease the traction energy cost per ...

Xuesong Feng; Haidong Liu; Keqi Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

2011 Intensity -1 INTENSITY OF SOUND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rate at which energy is passing a certain point. This concept involves sound intensity. Consider the sound intensity. Recall the time rate of energy transfer is called "power". Thus, sound intensity2011 Intensity - 1 INTENSITY OF SOUND The objectives of this experiment are: · To understand

Glashausser, Charles

234

Baryon Acoustic Oscillation Intensity Mapping as a Test of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The expansion of the universe appears to be accelerating, and the mysterious anti-gravity agent of this acceleration has been called ``dark energy''. To measure the dynamics of dark energy, Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) can be used. Previous discussions of the BAO dark energy test have focused on direct measurements of redshifts of as many as $10^9$ individual galaxies, by observing the 21cm line or by detecting optical emission. Here we show how the study of acoustic oscillation in the 21 cm brightness can be accomplished by economical three dimensional intensity mapping. If our estimates gain acceptance they may be the starting point for a new class of dark energy experiments dedicated to large angular scale mapping of the radio sky, shedding light on dark energy.

Tzu-Ching Chang; Ue-Li Pen; Jeffrey B. Peterson; Patrick McDonald

2008-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

235

The relationship between energy intensity and income levels: Forecasting long term energy demand in Asian emerging countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper analyzes long-term trends in energy intensity for ten Asian emerging countries to test for a non-monotonic relationship between energy intensity and income in the author's sample. Energy demand functions are estimated during 1973--1990 using a quadratic function of log income. The long-run coefficient on squared income is found to be negative and significant, indicating a change in trend of energy intensity. The estimates are then used to evaluate a medium-term forecast of energy demand in the Asian countries, using both a log-linear and a quadratic model. It is found that in medium to high income countries the quadratic model performs better than the log-linear, with an average error of 9% against 43% in 1995. For the region as a whole, the quadratic model appears more adequate with a forecast error of 16% against 28% in 1995. These results are consistent with a process of dematerialization, which occurs as a result of a reduction of resource use per unit of GDP once an economy passes some threshold level of GDP per capita.

Galli, R. (Birkbeck Coll., London (United Kingdom) Univ. della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano (Switzerland). Facolta di Scienze Economiche)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Russia`s Great Game in a nuclear South Asia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lost in the noise of Pakistan`s nuclear weapon tests in the western Baluchistan desert on 28 and 30 May was a surprising diplomatic move by Russia. On 23 May, Russia became the first state to express its willingness to recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state, provided that India commits itself to the international nonproliferation regime. Russia`s Ambassador to India, Albert Chernyshev, stated in the days after the Indian but before the Pakistani nuclear tests that ``India proclaimed itself a nuclear weapons power. One now hopes that India will behave as a nuclear weapons power by acting responsibly. Every nuclear weapons state has some rights. But for getting recognition it must have some obligations. Once it is ready to show these obligations by joining the nonproliferation regime, its recognition as a nuclear weapons power will follow.`` Russia`s Great Game in South Asia in pursuit of short-term economic and other interests appears to be a serious obstacle on the path to dealing effectively with the South Asian nuclear crisis. Grave damage to security, stability and nonproliferation has already resulted from India`s and Pakistan`s actions, but the situation does not have to spiral out of control. It is imperative that the international community respond appropriately to this challenge. The international community is at a crossroads and Russia`s actions will be critical. Will it be willing to go beyond the narrow economic and political calculations reflected in its diplomatic posturing, and take actions that will serve its long-term interests by bridging differences with other great powers in order to demonstrate to India that it has not chosen the right path. If Russia decides it can gain from India`s current, perilous path and blocks or otherwise frustrates appropriate responses, the nuclear danger on the subcontinent will escalate and the global regimes to promote nonproliferation and to ban testing will be seriously, perhaps fatally, weakened with unpredictable regional and global effects.

Pilat, J.F.; Taylor, T.T. [International Inst. for Strategic Studies, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building: Preprint  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Use Intensity and its Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building Preprint Rob Guglielmetti, Jennifer Scheib, Shanti D. Pless, and Paul Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory Rachel Petro RNL Design Presented at the ASHRAE Winter Conference Las Vegas, Nevada January 29 - February 2, 2011 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-49103 March 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

238

GAMUT: A computer code for. gamma. -ray energy and intensity analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GAMUT is a computer code to analyze {gamma}-ray energies and intensities. It does a linear least-squares fit of measured {gamma}-ray energies from one or more experiments to the level scheme. GAMUT also performs a non-linear least-squares analysis of branching intensities. For both energy and intensity data, a statistical Chi-square analysis is performed with an iterative uncertainty adjustment. The uncertainties of outlying measured values and sets of measurements with x{sup 2}/f>1 are increased, and the calculation is repeated until the uncertainties are consistent with the fitted values. GAMUT accepts input from standard or special-format ENSDF data sets. The special-format ENSDF data sets were designed to permit analysis of more than one set of measurements associated with a single ENSDF data set. GAMUT prepares a standard ENSDF format output data set containing the adjusted values. If more than one input ENSDF data set is provided, GAMUT creates an ADOPTED LEVELS, GAMMAS data set containing the adjusted level and {gamma}-ray energies and branching intensities from each level normalized to 100 for the strongest {gamma}-ray. GAMUT also provides a summary of the results and an extensive log of the iterative analysis. GAMUT is interactive prompting the user for input and output file names and for default calculation options. This version of GAMUT has adjustable dimensions so that any maximum number of data sets, levels, and {gamma}-rays can be established at the time of implementation. 6 refs.

Firestone, R.B.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Egypt, and Iran. The methodologies described here were developed through collaboration with international energy efficiency

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Differential directional intensities of low energy cosmic ray muons near sea level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIFFERENTIAL DIRECTIOiNAL INTEiNSITIES OF LOW ENERGY COSMIC RAY MUONS liR SEA LEVEL A Thesis by DAVID RUDOLPH DURDA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1970 Physics DIFFERENTIAL DIRECTIONAL INTENSITIES OF LOW ENERGY COSMIC RAY MUONS NEAR SEA LEVEL A Thesis by DAVID RUDOLPH DURDA Approved as to style and content by: C airman o Committee Hea o Department Me er Mem er May 1970...

Durda, David Rudolph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Problems of regional energy provision in the energy strategy of Russia to 2030 and prospects for low-capacity nuclear power plant development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One problem of energy policy is stimulation of comprehensive development of a regional power supply, including power generation by low-capacity nuclear power plants in the regions where such sources could be comp...

N. I. Voropai; O. V. Marchenko; V. A. Stennikov

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Centennial black carbon turnover observed in a Russia steppe soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the zonal steppe soils of Russia. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. ,CD-ROM "Land Resources of Russia", International Institute

Hammes, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The causes of the high energy intensity of the Kazakh economy: A characterization of its energy system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The primary energy intensity of Kazakhstan is among the highest in the world. The aim of this paper is to explore, in a quantitative way, the reasons for this condition, and to highlight the opportunities for improvement. To do so, we have developed a detailed ‘bottom-up’ model of the Kazakh energy sector. With this model, we have calculated the potential energy savings on both the demand and supply sides, and for all the economy sectors. This potential is defined as the difference between the current energy consumption in each sector/activity and the energy consumption if best available technologies or energy efficiency standards prevailing in developed countries were adopted in Kazakhstan. We conclude that the main causes of the energy inefficiency in Kazakhstan are: the excessive energy demand of buildings (especially for space heating) in the household and service sector, the inefficiency of the industry sector, particularly in the iron and steel and non-ferrous metals subsectors, the obsolescence of the heating and power generation assets, and the inefficient management of associated gas (flaring and re-injection in oil wells). With current energy efficiency standards prevailing in developed countries, the primary energy consumption in Kazakhstan in 2010 would be reduced by 48.6%, from 75.4 to 38.7 Mtoe.

Antonio Gómez; César Dopazo; Norberto Fueyo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges Across U.S. Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Portfolio of projects focused on investments in high-impact, crosscutting opportunities that provide significant energy savings and carbon reductions across a broad industrial base

245

Political Dissidents in Putin’s Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When it comes to punishing opponents of the present-day regime, Soviet traditions remain alive and well. So that Russia’s attempt at democracy can be better understood, I will discuss aspects of the Soviet government dating back to WWII. Russia can...

Streetman, Amanda Leigh

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

246

Russia between transition and globalization Olga GARANINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russia between transition and globalization Olga GARANINA PhD student University Pierre Mendes France of Grenoble (France) St Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance (Russia) Mailing the beginning of the transition. We study the politico-economic configuration in Russia in terms of (i) its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

Lord and Peasant in Russia: From  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lord and Peasant in Russia: From the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century Jerome Blum To understand Russian history without un- derstanding serfdom--the peasant-lord relationship that shaped Russia- mental in scope and path- breaking in its analysis, Lord and Peasant in Russia garnered immediate

Landweber, Laura

248

Laws for Sale: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laws for Sale: Evidence from Russia Irina Slinko, Evgeny Yakovlev, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya and regulations in Russia during the period 1992-2000. Using these measures, we find that: 1) politically powerful that capture affects aggregate growth. Key words: Regulatory capture, institutional subversion, Russia

249

The resurgence of tuberculosis in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Dye The resurgence of tuberculosis in Russia Margarita V. Shilova 1 Christopher Dye...epidemic spread of tuberculosis (TB) in Russia during the 1990s. After several decades...detection and cure rates have fallen in Russia since the mid-1980s; the fall has been...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Coherent backscattering of intense light by cold atoms with degenerate energy levels: Diagrammatic treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a generalization of the diagrammatic pump-probe approach to coherent backscattering (CBS) of intense laser light for atoms with degenerate energy levels. We employ this approach for a characterization of the double scattering signal from optically pumped atoms with the transition $J_g\\rightarrow J_e=J_g+1$ in the helicity preserving polarization channel. We show that, in the saturation regime, the internal degeneracy becomes manifest for atoms with $J_g\\geq 1$, leading to a faster decrease of the CBS enhancement factor with increasing saturation parameter than in the non-degenerate case.

V. N. Shatokhin; R. Blattmann; T. Wellens; A. Buchleitner

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

251

High-energy-density physics experiments with intense heavy ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss physical and technical issues of high-energy-density physics (HEDP) experiments with intense heavy ion beams that are being performed at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt. Special attention is given to a comparison of some recent results on expansion dynamics of evaporating lead that have been obtained in heavy ion beam driven HIHEX (Heavy-Ion Heating and Expansion) experiments at GSI-Darmstadt and in high-explosive driven shock wave loading and release experiments at IPCP–Chernogolovka.

D. Varentsov; V. Ya. Ternovoi; M. Kulish; D. Fernengel; A. Fertman; A. Hug; J. Menzel; P. Ni; D.N. Nikolaev; N. Shilkin; V. Turtikov; S. Udrea; V.E. Fortov; A.A. Golubev; V.K. Gryaznov; D.H.H. Hoffmann; V. Kim; I.V. Lomonosov; V. Mintsev; B.Yu. Sharkov; A. Shutov; P. Spiller; N.A. Tahir; H. Wahl

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Go for the Gold in Energy-Efficient Home Heating | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

energy projects were undertaken when building the Olympic infrastructure in Sochi, Russia, in an effort to increase energy capacity in the region by 800%. Russia's bid for the...

253

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation December 19, 2006 - 9:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey V. Kiriyenko last week submitted to U.S. President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin a joint work plan that will provide a framework for further bilateral cooperation in the development of nuclear energy technology and deployment. The plan was completed and signed by both parties the week of December 11, 2006, as part of an agreement that stemmed from the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia, in July of this year.

254

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity November 14, 2013 - 11:26am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Public Affairs: (202) 586-7371 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from Russian weapons-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the 1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program. Under this Agreement, Russia downblended 500 metric tons of HEU, equivalent to 20,000

255

Neutron-scattering study of the magnon energies and intensities in iron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic inelastic neutron scattering at low temperatures has been measured from a large single crystal of Fe54(12 at.% Si) up to energy transfers of 100 meV using the constant-Q spectrometer at the Los Alamos pulsed neutron source. The spin-wave energies and intensities were obtained from the data by using a multichannel maximum-entropy technique, and we show that much more detailed information can be obtained from the maximum-entropy analysis. The observed spin-wave dispersion relations obtained in the present experiment are in excellent agreement with earlier data, and we observe a sharp falloff of the (001) magnon intensity at approximately 80 meV, which is in accord with previous experimental measurements and multiband theoretical calculations of the dynamic susceptibility of iron. We also compare the data rate obtained with the constant-Q spectrometer to a triple-axis instrument and find that the spectrometer is competitive for this type of measurement.

M. Yethiraj; R. A. Robinson; D. S. Sivia; J. W. Lynn; H. A. Mook

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Just protest/complain Do nothing Don’t know N Russia (2005B) (%) Russia (2005A) (%) Russia (2005B) (%)

Lussier, Danielle Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Secretary Chu Looks at Russian Energy Technology Today and Tomorrow...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Researchers June 8, 2011 - 3:44pm Addthis Scenic picture of St. Petersburg, Russia. | Courtesy of Dan Leistikow Scenic picture of St. Petersburg, Russia. | Courtesy of...

258

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1994. “Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania:Christensen, Paul T. 1999. Russia’s Workers in Transition:Democratisation: Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Energy input, carbon intensity and cost for ethanol produced from farmed seaweed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Macroalgae, commonly known as seaweed, has received significant interest as a potential source of ethanol because of its fast growth, significant sugar content and successful lab-scale conversion to ethanol. Issues such as energy input in seaweed conversion, lifecycle emissions, global production potential and cost have received limited attention. To address this gap, a well-to-tank model of ethanol production from brown seaweed is developed and applied to the case of ethanol production from Saccharina latissima in British Columbia, Canada. Animal feed is proposed as a co-product and co-product credits are estimated. In the case considered, seaweed ethanol is found to have an energy return on invested (EROI) of 1.7 and a carbon intensity (CI) of 10.8 gCO2e MJ?1. Ethanol production from conventionally farmed seaweed could cost less than conventional ethanol and be produced on a scale comparable to 1% of global gasoline production. A drying system is required in regions such as British Columbia that require seasonal seaweed storage due to a limited harvest season. The results are significantly influenced by variations in animal feed processing energy, co-product credit value, seaweed composition, the value of seaweed animal feed and the cost of seaweed farming. We find EROI ranges from 0.64 to 26.7, CI from 33 to ?41 gCO2e MJ?1 and ethanol production is not financially viable without animal feed production in some scenarios.

Aaron Philippsen; Peter Wild; Andrew Rowe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Intensity and energy modulated radiotherapy with proton beams: Variables affecting optimal prostate plan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inverse planning for intensity- and energy-modulated radiotherapy (IEMRT) with proton beams involves the selection of (i) the relative importance factors to control the relative importance of the target and sensitive structures (ii) an appropriate energy resolution to achieve an acceptable depth modulation (iii) an appropriate beamlet width to modulate the beam laterally and (iv) a sufficient number of beams and their orientations. In this article we investigate the influence of these variables on the optimized dose distribution of a simulated prostate cancer IEMRT treatment. Good dose conformation for this prostate case was achieved using a constellation of I factors for the target rectum bladder and normal tissues of 500 50 15 and 1 respectively. It was found that for an active beam delivery system the energy resolution should be selected on the basis of the incident beams’ energy spread (? E ) and the appropriate energy resolution varied from 1 MeV at ? E =0.0? to ?5? MeV at ? E =2.0? MeV . For a passive beam delivery system the value of the appropriate depth resolution for inverse planning may not be critical as long as the value chosen is at least equal to one-half the FWHM of the primary beam Bragg peak. Results indicate that the dose grid element dimension should be equal to or no less than 70% of the beamlet width. For this prostate case we found that a maximum of three to four beam ports is required since there was no significant advantage to using a larger number of beams. However for a small number (?4) of beams the selection of beam orientations while having only a minor effect on target coverage strongly influenced the sensitive structure sparing and normal tissue integral dose.

Collins Yeboah; George A. Sandison; Alexei V. Chvetsov

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy today delivered the Bratislava Nuclear Security report to the White House, which detailed the status of work agreed to by Presidents Bush and Putin in Bratislava in 2005. U.S. and Russian officials from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the U.S. Department of Defense, the Russian Ministry of Defense and State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" reviewed work to complete nuclear security upgrades in Russia at meetings in Moscow last week. Building on this success, both

262

The CFE Treaty as the Foundation for European Security: Russia’s Participation and Perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Russia’s opinion, the process of reduction of conventional armaments in Europe will continue to be one of the chief instruments of peaceful transformation of the system of politico-military relations existi...

Evgeniy Buschinski

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Impacts of Intensive Management and Landscape Structure on Timber and Energy Wood Production and net CO2 Emissions from Energy Wood Use of Norway Spruce  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of intensive management and forest landscape structure (in terms of age class distribution) on timber and energy wood production (m3 ha?1), net present value (NPV,...

Johanna Routa; Seppo Kellomäki; Heli Peltola

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Choosing suppliers in North-West Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of the study was to determine how to choose suppliers in North-West Russia. The aim was to find out whether textbook theories of… (more)

Malaki, Mirva

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Magma chamber processes at Mutnovsky Volcano, Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation is composed of two manuscripts about the evolution of Mutnovsky Volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Mutnovsky has been active for the past approximately 80,000… (more)

Robertson, Kelly L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Social Networks and Everyday Practices in Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??My doctoral dissertation in sociology and Russian studies, Social Networks and Everyday Practices in Russia, employs a "micro" or "grassroots" perspective on the transition. The… (more)

Salmi, Anna-Maria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

ZHULANOV Vladimir BINP,Novosibirsk, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ZHULANOV Vladimir BINP,Novosibirsk, Russia 2010.09.03 #12;·Construction 1994-1999 ·Experiment 1999

268

Russia-China MIlitary Arms Trade.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??To observers who are not indifferent toward Russia, the trend of Russiaâs foreign policy clearly is disquieting, if not alarming. The titanic efforts made by… (more)

Vitaly, Vasilev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Benjamin Britten's Creative Relationship with Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis considers Britten’s creative relationship with Russia, in the sense of aspects of Russian culture and politics, across his creative life. It makes particular… (more)

Pyke, Cameron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The NATO-Russia Council - a Success?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??After the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, NATO and Russia concluded that «they no longer regarded… (more)

Tresselt, Line

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Kina- och Rysslandsfonder; China and Russia Funds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Purpose: Aims of this paper is to evaluate a comparative study between China and Russia funds in respect of the risks and returns. We… (more)

Orhan, Banu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A review of existing commercial energy use intensity and load-shape studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews and compares existing studies of energy use intensities (EUIs) and load shapes (LSs) in the commercial sector, focusing on studies that used California data. Our review of EUI studies found fairly good agreement on electric lighting and cooling EUIs. Other EUIs, notably electric miscellaneous in offices, retail, and food stores; electric refrigeration in restaurants and warehouses; electric cooking in restaurants; and electric water heating and ventilation for all types of premises exhibited the largest variations. The major variations in gas EUIs were found in restaurants (all end uses) and food stores (cooking and water heating). Our review of LS studies, which included existing LSs in use by Southern California Edison (SCE) Company, the California Energy Commission (CEC), and a Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) study, uncovered two significant features of existing LS estimates. First, LSs were generally not consistent between studies (e.g., SCE and CEC had different load shapes for the same end use in the same type of premises), but these differences could often be related to differences in assumptions for operating hours. Second, for a given type of premise, LSs were often identical for each month and for peak and standard-days, suggesting that, according to some studies, these end uses were not affected by seasonal or climatic influences. 21 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Akbari, H.; Turiel, I.; Eto, J.; Heinemeier, K.; Lebot, B.; Rainer, L.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

FIVE SPECIES OF DIDYMODON (POTTIACEAE, BRYOPHYTA) NEW FOR RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIVE SPECIES OF DIDYMODON (POTTIACEAE, BRYOPHYTA) NEW FOR RUSSIA DIDYMODON (POTTIACEAE.Saito, D. luridus Hornsch. and D. maschalogenus (Renauld & Cardot) Broth. were discovered as new for Russia of Didymodon currently known in Russia is provided. , , Didymodon: D. brachyphyllus

Kucera, Jan

274

Mechanisms of Macrolide Resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates from Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates from Russia Published ahead of print on 31 March 2008...3a Nagatinskaya Str., Moscow 117105, Russia. Phone: 7 499 6117619. Fax: 7 499...Research Center of Antibiotics, Moscow, Russia 3 German Jordanian University, School...

Ralf R. Reinert; Olga Y. Filimonova; Adnan Al-Lahham; Svetlana A. Grudinina; Elena N. Ilina; Linda M. Weigel; Sergey V. Sidorenko

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mapping Russia: Farquharson, Delisle and the Royal Society  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...22 May 2001 research-article Mapping Russia: Farquharson, Delisle and the Royal...Of Mathematics And Navigation| MAPPING RUSSIA: FARQUHARSON, DELISLE AND THE ROYAL...modernizing reforms laid the foundations of Russia's political organization and secular...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barnes, Andrew. Owning Russia: The Struggle over Factories,The Siloviki in Putin's Russia: Who They Are and What TheyMarket Maker? Reforming Russia's Power Sector." In "Whither

Wengle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Will Eliminate Enough Russian Plutonium for Thousands of Nuclear Weapons WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have signed a joint statement outlining a plan to dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium from Russia's weapons program. Under the new plan, the United States will cooperate with Russia to convert Russian weapon-grade plutonium into mixed oxide fuel (MOX) and irradiate the MOX fuel in the BN-600 fast reactor, currently operating at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant, and in the BN-800 fast reactor, currently under construction at the same site. The United States and Russia also

278

DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement January 12, 2007 - 9:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel Bodman announced today that he and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fourth report of the Senior Interagency Working Group on implementation of the February 2005 Bratislava Checklist. "The accelerated schedule adopted under Bratislava is being implemented with great success," Secretary Bodman said. "Our efforts to minimize and secure highly enriched uranium and plutonium are making the world safer. Our cooperation with Russia on emergency response and nuclear security

279

A new approach to estimate commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the application of an end-use load shape estimation technique to develop annual energy use intensities (EUIs) and hourly end-use load shapes (LSs) for commercial buildings in the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) service territory. Results will update inputs for the commercial sector energy and peak demand forecasting models used by PG&E and the California Energy Commission (CEC). EUIs were estimated for 11 building types, up to 10 end uses, 3 fuel types, 2 building vintages, and up to 5 climate regions. The integrated methodology consists of two major parts. The first part is the reconciliation of initial end-use load-shape estimates with measured whole-building load data to produce intermediate EUIs and load shapes, using LBL`s End-use Disaggregation Algorithm, EDA. EDA is a deterministic hourly algorithm that relies on the observed characteristics of the measured hourly whole-building electricity use and disaggregates it into major end-use components. The end-use EUIs developed through the EDA procedure represent a snap-shot of electricity use by building type and end-use for two regions of the PG&E service territory, for the year that disaggregation is performed. In the second part of the methodology, we adjust the EUIs for direct application to forecasting models based on factors such as climatic impacts on space-conditioning EUIs, fuel saturation effects, building and equipment vintage, and price impacts. Core data for the project are detailed on-site surveys for about 800 buildings, mail surveys ({approximately}6000), load research data for over 1000 accounts, and hourly weather data for five climate regions.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Konopacki, S.; Afzal, A.; Heinemeier, K.; Rainer, L.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Many Ends of Old Odessa: Memories of the Gilded Age in Russia’s City of Sin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moscow: Vagrius, Kohl, J. G. Russia. St. Petersburg, Moscow,to Odessa with Notices of New Russia. Paris: Printed for theW. “City Planning in Russia: The Development of Odessa,

Tanny, Jarrod

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy performances of intensive and extensive short rotation cropping systems for woody biomass production in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the strategies to ensure energy security and to mitigate climate change in the European Union (EU) is the establishment and the use of short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) for the production of renewable energy. \\{SRWCs\\} are cultivated in the EU under different management systems. Addressing the energy security problems through \\{SRWCs\\} requires management systems that maximize the net energy yield per unit land area. We assembled and evaluated on-farm data from within the EU, (i) to understand the relationship between the SRWC yields and spatial distribution of precipitation, as well as the relationship between SRWC yield and the planting density, and (ii) to investigate whether extensively managed SRWC systems are more energy efficient than their intensively managed counterparts. We found that SRWC yield ranged from 1.3 to 24 t ha?1 y?1 (mean 9.3±4.2 t ha?1 y?1) across sites. We looked for, but did not find a relationship between yield and annual precipitation as well as between yield and planting density. The energy inputs of extensively managed SRWC systems ranged from 3 to 8 GJ ha?1 y?1 whereas the energy ratio (i.e. energy output to energy input ratio) varied from 9 to 29. Although energy inputs (3–16 GJ ha?1y?1) were larger in most cases than those of extensively managed SRWC systems, intensively managed SRWC systems in the EU had higher energy ratios, i.e. between 15 and 62. The low energy ratio of extensively managed SRWC systems reflected their lower biomass yield per unit area. Switching from intensively managed SRWC systems to extensively managed ones thus creates an energy gap, and will require more arable land to be brought into production to compensate for the yield loss. Consequently, extensification is not the most appropriate path to the success of the wide scale deployment of SRWC for bioenergy production in the EU.

S. Njakou Djomo; A. Ac; T. Zenone; T. De Groote; S. Bergante; G. Facciotto; H. Sixto; P. Ciria Ciria; J. Weger; R. Ceulemans

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charap. "The Siloviki in Putin's Russia: Who They Are andOlga, and Stephen White. "Putin's Militocracy." Post-Sovietthe Authoritarian Model: How Putin's Crackdown Holds Russia

Wengle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade...

284

Study of Russia's policy with respect to the European Union.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Russia has abundant natural resources, and also has the broadest land distribution in the world. Geographically Russia has the benefit in transportation with the European… (more)

An, Hsiao-yi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Collisionless absorption, hot electron generation, and energy scaling in intense laser-target interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among the various attempts to understand collisionless absorption of intense ultrashort laser pulses a variety of models has been invented to describe the laser beam target interaction. In terms of basic physics collisionless absorption is understood now as the interplay of the oscillating laser field with the space charge field produced in the plasma. A first approach to this idea is realized in Brunel's model the essence of which consists in the formation of an oscillating charge cloud in the vacuum in front of the target. The investigation of statistical ensembles of orbits shows that the absorption process is localized at the ion-vacuum interface and in the skin layer: Single electrons enter into resonance with the laser field thereby undergoing a phase shift which causes orbit crossing and braking of Brunel's laminar flow. This anharmonic resonance acts like an attractor for the electrons and leads to the formation of a Maxwellian tail in the electron energy spectrum. Most remarkable results of our inves...

Liseykina, T; Murakami, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensityof Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensitycomparisons of steel production energy efficiency and CO 2

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Twentieth-Century Russia. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvardpoverty and great wealth of Russia’s new music. ” The NewKholopov: Champion of Russia’s ‘lost’ modernist composers. ”

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An exhaustive list of protected subject matter in the field of intellectual property law (results of intellectual activity and means of individualization) is introduced in Art. 1225 of the Civil Code of the Ru...

Valeria Schöttle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Analysis of two-dimensional high-energy photoelectron momentum distributions in the single ionization of atoms by intense laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, using longer pulses at lower intensities. The energy spectra above 4Up, where Up is the ponderomotive energy, have been found to vary rapidly with small changes in laser intensities 10,11 when laser pulseAnalysis of two-dimensional high-energy photoelectron momentum distributions in the single

Lin, Chii-Dong

290

Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy in the total energy mix was determined in theOther energy in the total energy mix was much smaller thanwell as the different mix of energy and economic structure

Ohshita, Stephanie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nano and Giga Challenges in Electronics Photonics and Renewable Energy (NGC2011) Moscow-Zelenograd, Russia, September 12-16, 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This special issue of Nanoscale Research Letters is a collection of selected papers presented at the Nano and Giga Challenges in Electronics, Photonics and Renewable Energy (NGC2011) conference in Moscow and Zele...

Anatoli Korkin; Predrag Krstic; Yuri Lozovik; Dario Narducci

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2: Final to Primary Energy Conversion Factor in 2006 Finalinternational average energy conversion factors are used forenergy structure. The energy conversion factors for external

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Self-focusing, channel formation, and high-energy ion generation in interaction of an intense short laser pulse with a He jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-focusing, channel formation, and high-energy ion generation in interaction of an intense short of interaction of a relativistically intense 4-TW, 400-fs laser pulse with a He gas jet. We observe a stable data, we reconstructed the axial profile of laser channel and on-axis laser intensity. The estimated

Umstadter, Donald

294

Microsoft PowerPoint - PRC - Poglyad,RIAR,Russia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

engineering engineering and technology approaches in design of Polyfunctional Radiochemical Complex (PRC) Sergey Poglyad, Mikhail Kormilitsyn Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Dimitrovgrad, Russia "Once upon a time" story PUREX based process Pyroprocess Fluoride volatility Superfluid extraction Plasma Electrorefining Oxide Nitride Metal More complicated RAW RAW RAW RAW Waste treatment Nobody has sufficient proof for choosing basic technology * Uranium * Mixed U-Pu * Th based (?) * Cooling time * Burnup * MA strategy The country which first develop a breeder reactor will have a great competitive advantage in atomic energy Enrico Fermi «Discussion on Breeding», 26 April 1944 2 International Pyroprocessing Research Conference Demands on reprocessing in Russia * Fast reactors "dense" spent fuel reprocessing; * Fuel cycle closing for all actinides; * Process

295

Energy Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Overview Overview for CNA Panel Discussion May 8, 2013 | Crystal City, VA by Howard Gruenspecht, Deputy Administrator Non-OECD nations drive the increase in energy demand 2 world energy consumption quadrillion Btu Source: EIA, International Energy Outlook 2011 0 100 200 300 400 500 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Non-OECD OECD 244 260 482 288 History Projections 2008 Howard Gruenspecht , CNA Panel May 8, 2013 Growth in income and population drive rising energy use; energy intensity improvements moderate increases in energy demand 3 average annual change (2008-2035) percent per year Source: EIA, International Energy Outlook 2011 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 U.S. OECD Europe Japan South Korea China India Brazil Middle East Africa Russia

296

March 2, 2011 Maxim Trudolyubov Foresees Change in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2, 2011 Maxim Trudolyubov Foresees Change in Russia "The Russian state is an archaic, almost expressed optimism about Russia's future. He predicted that the efforts of what he called "the third, positive reform to Russia's failing institutions. "Russia desperately needs change," asserted Trudolyubov

Qian, Ning

297

Russia's Geopolitical Orientation Towards the Former Soviet States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russia's Geopolitical Orientation Towards the Former Soviet States Was Russia Able to Discard its Imperial Legacy? An examination into the nature of Russia's economic,military anddiplomatic policies towards the former Soviet statesduring Boris Yeltsin's first term as Presidentof an independentRussia

Blandford, Ann

298

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today met to highlight U.S.-Russian efforts to keep nuclear weapons and weapons material out of the hands of terrorists. Secretary Bodman and Director Kiriyenko discussed progress made and next steps to shutdown Russia plutonium reactors this year, dispose of 68 metric tons of plutonium, and advance cooperation to expand the use of civilian nuclear energy through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. Secretary Bodman also highlighted

299

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

300

An Empirical Analysis of Energy Intensity and Its Determinants at the State Level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that rising per capita income and higher energy prices have played an important part in lowering energy consumption to GDP ­ has long been of interest to energy researchers. Understanding the drivers of energy con. Efficiency refers to the reduced energy use per unit of economic activity within a particular sector (e

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25 Table 18: Total Energy Consumption of China's Steelalmost doubled, but total energy consumption only increasedsources of total energy consumption data for China’s iron

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Proc. 27th IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference (IPCCC), Dec. 2008. Distributed Energy-Efficient Scheduling for Data-Intensive Applications with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2008. 1 Distributed Energy-Efficient Scheduling for Data-Intensive Applications with Deadline the performance of data-intensive applications on data grids, a large number of data replicas inevitably increase energy dissipation in storage resources on the data grids. In order to implement a data grid with high

Qin, Xiao

303

A New System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S. Economy Focus on Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. commitment to energy efficiency and conservation policy was emphasized in the National Energy Policy (NEP) made public in May 2001. Recommendation 14 in Chapter 4 of the NEP - "Making Energy Efficiency a National Priority" -recommended...

Roop, J. M.

304

Could energy-intensive industries be powered by carbon-free electricity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...possibility of converting industrial energy demand to electricity, and...decarbonization of the whole energy system using wind, biomass, solar power in deserts and...one-third of the world's energy consumption [1]; most of...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Medical Geology in Russia and the NIS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are many high radon areas within Russia and NIS. For example...1996) (Figs. 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18). Radon is also typical for the regions with ... Akchatau mining county (deposit of tungsten Central Kazakhstan

Iosif F. Volfson; Evgeny G. Farrakhov; Anatoly P. Pronin…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Building Property Rights: Capitalists and the Demand for Law in Post-Soviet Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward the Rule of Law in Russia? . . . . . . . . . . . .E. (2007). Whither Russia? A review of Andrei Shleifer’s “AChamber of Commerce in Russia (2007). Impact of American

Gans-Morse, Jordan Luc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Kamchatka. Nauka, Moscow, Russia, 149 pp. (in Russian).geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia. Geothermics 33, 421–geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia. Geothermal Resources

Kiryukhin, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Babushki as Surrogate Wives: How Single Mothers and Grandmothers Negotiate the Division of Labor in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000. Involution and Destitution in Capitalist Russia:Russia’s Gendered Transition to Capitalism. Ethnography 1:Ends Meet in Contemporary Russia: Secondary Employment,

Utrata, Jennifer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Pumping up : Russian energy and national power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russia has organized its energy industry similarly to a vertically integrated energy corporation. Not only does Russia possess vast oil and gas reserves, it also has capabilities at every step in the production chain. The ...

Fahy, Nina J. (Nina Jane)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Inertial fusion energy issues of intense heavy ion and laser beams interacting with ionized matter studied at GSI-Darmstadt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

European activities on inertial fusion energy are coordinated by “keep in touch activities” of the European Fusion Programme coordinated by the European Commission. There is no general inertial fusion program in Europe. Instead, a number of activities relevant to inertial fusion are carried out by university groups and research centers. The Helmholtz-Research Center GSI-Darmstadt (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung) operates accelerator facilities which provide the highest intensity for heavy ion beams and therefore key issues of ion beam driven fusion can be addressed. In addition to the accelerator facilities, one high-energy laser system is available (nhelix: nanosecond high-energy laser for ion experiments) and another one is under construction (PHELIX: petawatt high-energy laser for ion experiments). The heavy ion synchrotron facility, SIS18 (Schwer-Ionen-Synchrotron 18) recently delivered an intense uranium beam that deposits about 1 kJ/g specific energy in solid matter. Using this beam, experiments have been performed where solid Pb- and Ta-targets have been heated to the level of 1 eV. Experiments to study interaction mechanism of heavy ion beams with matter have been continued and are reported here.

D.H.H. Hoffmann; A. Blazevic; S. Korostiy; P. Ni; S.A. Pikuz; B. Rethfeld; O. Rosmej; M. Roth; N.A. Tahir; S. Udrea; D. Varentsov; K. Weyrich; B.Yu. Sharkov; Y. Maron

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 4. Base Year Production, Trade and Energy UseYear Production, Trade and Energy Use Data 4.1. Production18. Total energy use is adjusted for net trade in auxiliary

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China and13.6% and 1.4% of primary energy consumption in China andan effect on the primary energy consumption level and hence

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Analysis and Decomposition of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy (US DOE/EERE). 2010. States activities andmanufacturing sector (USDOE/EERE, 2010). Industry accounted

Can, Stephane de la Rue de

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone (TC) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while ...

Yuqing Wang; Jing Xu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

document contains the author’s accepted manuscript. For the publisher’s version, see the link in the header of this document.] Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective Mariya Y. Omelicheva Paper citation: Omelicheva..., Mariya Y. Russia’s Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective, forthcoming in Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 14(3): 331-344, 2012. Abstract: Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate...

Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium July 13, 2006 - 3:05pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Sergey Kiriyenko, the director of Russia's Federal Atomic Energy Agency, have signed a joint statement reaffirming their commitment to dispose of 34 metric tons of excess weapon-grade plutonium by irradiation in nuclear reactors. "This statement is a clear sign of our mutual commitment to keeping dangerous nuclear material out of the hands of terrorists. We look forward to working together with the Russians to ensure that this important nonproliferation project moves forward in both Russia and the United States," Secretary Bodman said.

318

Sensitivity to Dark Energy candidates by searching for four-wave mixing of high-intensity lasers in the vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical challenges to understand Dark Matter and Dark Energy suggest the existence of low-mass and weakly coupling fields in the universe. The quasi-parallel photon-photon collision system (QPS) can provide chances to probe the resonant production of these light dark fields and the induced decay by the coherent nature of laser fields simultaneously. By focusing high-intensity lasers with different colors in the vacuum, new colors emerge as the signature of the interaction. Because four photons in the initial and final states interplay via the dark field exchange, this process is analogous to four-wave mixing in quantum optics, where the frequency sum and difference among the incident three waves generate the fourth wave with a new frequency via the nonlinear property of crystals. The interaction rate of the four-wave mixing process has the cubic dependence on the intensity of each wave. Therefore, if high-intensity laser fields are given, the sensitivity to the weakly coupling of dark fields to photons rapidly increases over the wide mass range below sub-eV. Based on the experimentally measurable photon energies and the linear polarization states, we formulate the relation between the accessible mass-coupling domains and the high-intensity laser parameters, where the effects of the finite spectrum width of pulse lasers are taken into account. The expected sensitivity suggests that we have a potential to explore interactions at the Super-Planckian coupling strength in the sub-eV mass range, if the cutting-edge laser technologies are properly combined.

Kensuke Homma

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

319

(*) Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Twente, The Netherlands (**) Moscow State University, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, Russia (***) Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russia Mechanisms of 0Mechanisms of 0:Experimental realization of SFS junctions: VV..RyazanovRyazanov et alet al.,., ChernogolovkaChernogolovka, Russia, Russia J

Fominov, Yakov

320

High-yield maize with large net energy yield and small global warming intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from a previous life cycle assessment...pumping rather than diesel or natural gas, fine-tuning...actual baseline. General Discussion. Increasing...be natural gas, diesel, and electricity...energy per liter of diesel (43 MJ·L-1...Improvements in life-cycle energy efficiency...

Patricio Grassini; Kenneth G. Cassman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy and Security in Northeast Asia: Supply and Demand, Conflict and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with coal the main energy supplier for the industry. Theboth potential energy suppliers--Russia and possibly

Fesharaki, Fereidun; Banaszak, Sarah; WU, Kang; Valencia, Mark J.; Dorian, James P.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home About Us Our History NNSA Timeline U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition...

323

Neutron sources for investigations on extracted beams in Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview is presented of the current status and prospects for the development of neutron sources intended for investigations on extracted beams in Russia. The participation of Russia in international scientific organizations is demonstrated.

Aksenov, V. L. [Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Aksenov@kiae.ru

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Returning HEU Fuel from the Czech Republic to Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In December 1999, representatives from the United States, Russian Federation, and International Atomic Energy Agency began working on a program to return Russian supplied, highly enriched, uranium fuel stored at foreign research reactors to Russia. Now, under the Global Threat Reduction Initiative’s Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program, this effort has repatriated over 800 kg of highly enriched uranium to Russia from over 10 countries. In May 2004, the “Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation Concerning Cooperation for the Transfer of Russian Produced Research Reactor Nuclear Fuel to the Russian Federation” was signed. This agreement provides legal authority for the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program and establishes parameters whereby eligible countries may return highly enriched uranium spent and fresh fuel assemblies and other fissile materials to Russia. On December 8, 2007, one of the largest shipments of highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel was successfully made from a Russian-designed nuclear research reactor in the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation. This accomplishment is the culmination of years of planning, negotiations, and hard work. The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together. In February 2003, Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program representatives met with the Nuclear Research Institute in Rež, Czech Republic, and discussed the return of their highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. Nearly 5 years later, the shipment was made. This article discusses the planning, preparations, coordination, and cooperation required to make this important international shipment.

Michael Tyacke; Dr. Igor Bolshinsky

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Efficient laser acceleration of proton beams for intense sources of low energy neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of highly efficient ion acceleration regimes in collective laser-plasma interactions opens up the possibility to develop high-energy-physics (HEP) facilities in conjunction with projects for inertial confined nuclear fusion (ICF) and neutron spallation sources.

Pegoraro, F. [Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); CNISM, Pisa (Italy); Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Tajima, T. [Advanced Photon Research Centre, JAEA, Kizu, Kyoto (Japan); Migliozzi, P. [INFN, Sez. di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Terranova, F. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy)

2006-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

326

In-situ determination of energy species yields of intense particle beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Objects of the present invention are provided for a particle beam having a full energy component at least as great as 25 keV, which is directed onto a beamstop target, such that Rutherford backscattering, preferably near-surface backscattering occurs. The geometry, material composition and impurity concentration of the beam stop are predetermined, using any suitable conventional technique. The energy-yield characteristic response of backscattered particles is measured over a range of angles using a fast ion electrostatic analyzer having a microchannel plate array at its focal plane. The knee of the resulting yield curve, on a plot of yield versus energy, is analyzed to determine the energy species components of various beam particles having the same mass.

Kugel, H.W.; Kaita, R.

1983-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

327

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) have contracted with Energy Analysis Program of the Applied Science Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) to develop an integrated set of commercial sector load shapes (LS) and energy utilization indices (EUI) for use in forecasting electricity demand. The overall objectives of this project are to conduct detailed analyses of SCE data on commercial building characteristics, energy use, and whole-building load shapes, and, in conjunction with other data, to develop, test, and apply an integrated approach for the estimation of end-use LSs and EUIs. The project is one of the first attempts ever to combine simulation-based, prototypical building analyses with direct reconciliation to measured hourly load data.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Turiel, I.; Heinemeier, K.; Lebot, B.; Nordman, B.; Rainer, L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Intensity in China and the U.S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry includes all coke making, pelletizing, sintering,accounting for energy used for coke production within theinput used as a feedstock for coke making and also as a fuel

Price, Lynn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Multiple metrics for quantifying the intensity of water consumption of energy production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discussion of the environmental implications of worldwide energy demand is currently dominated by the effects of carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) emissions on global climate. At the regional scale, however, water resource ...

Spang, E S

330

Long-Term Shifts in Life-Cycle Energy Efficiency and Carbon Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

System-level life-cycle efficiency may decrease as mitigation efforts intensify, since low-efficiency renewable systems with high output have much lower GHG emissions than some high-efficiency fossil fuel systems. ... Climate policies accelerate both improvements in EF and the adoption of renewable technologies, resulting in considerably lower primary energy demand and GHG emissions. ... Schipper, L.; Saenger, C.; Sudardshan, A.Transport and carbon emissions in the United States: The Long View Energies 2011, 4, 563– 581 ...

Sonia Yeh; Gouri Shankar Mishra; Geoff Morrison; Jacob Teter; Raul Quiceno; Kenneth Gillingham; Xavier Riera-Palou

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

331

Resonant-Raman intensities and transition energies of the E11 transition in carbon nanotubes * J. Maultzsch,1 S. Reich,2 and C. Thomsen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant-Raman intensities and transition energies of the E11 transition in carbon nanotubes H- troscopy. Radial breathing mode spectra were collected varying the excitation energy in the near-infrared from 1.15 to 1.48 eV. From resonance profiles we obtained the E11 S energies of 11 nanotubes, extending

Nabben, Reinhard

332

Data Intensive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Intensive Data Intensive Computing Pilot Program In 2014 NERSC is conducting its second and last round of allocations to projects in data intensive science. This pilot aims to...

333

Birkbeck magazine Issue 25, Spring 2009 Is Russia hushing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the articles in this issue are about change: how our relationship with Russia has changed since Putin came

Crawford, Ian

334

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

committed to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit ofcommitted to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of2 emissions, and the 40-45% carbon intensity reduction goals

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Poor agreement between continuous measurements of energy expenditure and routinely used prediction equations in intensive care unit patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryBackground & aims A wide variation in 24 h energy expenditure has been demonstrated previously in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The accuracy of equations used to predict energy expenditure in critically ill patients is frequently compared with single or short-duration indirect calorimetry measurements, which may not represent the total energy expenditure (TEE) of these patients. To take into account this variability in energy expenditure, estimates have been compared with continuous indirect calorimetry measurements. Methods Continuous (24 h/day for ?5 days) indirect calorimetry measurements were made in patients requiring mechanical ventilation for ?5 days. The Harris-Benedict, Schofield and Ireton-Jones equations and the American College of Chest Physicians recommendation of 25 kcal/kg/day were used to estimate energy requirements. Results A total of 192 days of measurements, in 27 patients, were available for comparison with the different equations. Agreement between the equations and measured values was poor. The Harris-Benedict, Schofield and ACCP equations provided more estimates (66%, 66% and 65%, respectively) within 80% and 110% of TEE values. However, each of these equations would have resulted in clinically significant underfeeding (110% of TEE) in 18%, 19% and 13% of patients, respectively. Conclusions Limits of agreement between the different equations and TEE values were unacceptably wide. Prediction equations may result in significant under or overfeeding in the clinical setting.

Clare L. Reid

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Russia, China veto UN resolution on Syria 4 February 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russia, China veto UN resolution on Syria 4 February 2012 UNITED NATIONS (AP) ­ The U.N. Security Council failed again Saturday to take decisive action to stop the escalating violence in Syria as Russia. It was the second time in four months that Russia and China used their veto power to block a Security Council

337

Labor Hoarding In Russia: Where Does It Come From?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Labor Hoarding In Russia: Where Does It Come From? By: Rouslan Koumakhov and Boris Najman William Davidson Working Paper Number 394 October 2001 #12;Labor Hoarding In Russia: Where Does It Come From. This explains why there has been no massive unemployment in Russia until now. In conclusion, Russian labor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

WORKING PAPER N 2008 -23 Education in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 23 Education in Russia: The evolution of theory and practice Natalia Kuznetsova Irina Peaucelle JEL Codes: I21; Z1 Keywords: analysis of education, cultural economics, Russia ­ �COLE NORMALE SUP�RIEURE halshs-00586750,version1-18Apr2011 #12;1 Education in Russia: The Evolution

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students #12;Country profile Main country, Russia. You stand at the beginning of an exciting career, but what are the steps you need to take provides you with practical advice about returning to work in Russia, to help you make a successful start

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

340

AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA Jeffrey Sachs ABSTRACT: The paper reviews the experience of Poland and Russia with economic reform, with occasional comparison to China's experience. The author argues that macroeconomic chaos in Poland and Russia preceded reform and was allayed by reform

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Intra-Household Inequality in Transitional Russia Ekaterina Kalugina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Intra-Household Inequality in Transitional Russia Ekaterina Kalugina Natalia Radtchenko Catherine and satisfaction. Using two different subjective questions of the Russian data RLMS (Russia Longitudinal Monitoring and social changes in Russia, we investigate the dynamics of household behavior. Keywords: subjective data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia in the context of climate change policies By: Hans Jansen Complex of Northwest Russia and expanding interaction with EU countries in environment protection" (11- 12 #12;Timber Resources of Russia Ekaterinburg St.-Petersburg Moscow Novosibirsk Nizhni Novgorod Rostov

343

Third International~CorifereneE'VVHCT Moscow, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Third International~CorifereneE'VVHCT Moscow, Russia Selected papers #12;Towards an Adaptive, Russia E-mail: plb@plb.icsti.su and Department of Applied Mathematics and Cybernetics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia Abstract. This paper discusses the problem of Integration of hypermedla

Brusilovsky, Peter

344

December 12, 2011 Putins Russia and the Elections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

December 12, 2011 Putins Russia and the Elections On Monday November 14, 2011, the Harriman Institute hosted a panel of scholars and journalists to speak about Putins Russia and the upcoming elections (both presidential and parliamentary). On December 4 the parliamentary elections in Russia led

Qian, Ning

345

September 15, 2011 Elections in Russia: Polling and Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 15, 2011 Elections in Russia: Polling and Perspectives "Despite international interest in the upcoming parliamentary (State Duma) and presidential elections scheduled to occur in Russia in December Russia, the party currently dominant in the Duma, if the ballot had been held in August. Similar

Qian, Ning

346

Advances in Engineering and Applications of Hexagonal Ferrites in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 Advances in Engineering and Applications of Hexagonal Ferrites in Russia Marina Y. Koledintseva1, Missouri 2Moscow Power Engineering Institute (Technological University), Moscow 1U.S.A. 2Russia 1-80 GHz), W (80-100 GHz) bands, and higher, have been also studied and applied in Russia since middle 1950

Koledintseva, Marina Y.

347

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. 2009. “Shift From Coke to Coal Using Direct Reductionadopted in China include: Coke Dry Quenching Theseand Hyman (2001) include coke-making energy use, Kim and

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Sherwin-Williams’ Richmond, Kentucky, Facility Achieves 26% Energy Intensity Reduction; Leads to Corporate Adoption of Save Energy Now LEADER  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study summarizes energy efficiency achievements made by Sherwin-Williams' Richmond, Kentucky, manufacturing facility under the Save Energy Now LEADER program, now known as the Better Plants Program. This includes a variety of steam system and compressed air technology improvements.

349

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) have contracted with the Energy Analysis Program of the Applied Science Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) to develop an integrated set of commercial sector load shapes (LS) and energy utilization indices (EUI) for use in forecasting electricity demand. The objectives of this project are to conduct detailed analyses of SCE data on commercial building characteristics, energy use, and whole-building load shapes; and in conjunction with other data, to develop, test, and apply an integrated approach for the estimation of end-use LSs and EUIs. The project represents one of the first attempts to combine simulation-based, prototypical building analyses with direct reconciliation to measured hourly load data. The project examined electricity and gas use for nine building types, including large offices, small offices, large retails, small retails, food stores, sitdown restaurants, fastfood restaurants, refrigerated warehouses, and non-refrigerated warehouses. For each building type, nine end uses were examined, including cooling, heating, ventilation, indoor lighting, outdoor lighting, miscellaneous equipment, water heating, cooking, and refrigeration. For the HVAC end uses (cooling, ventilation, and heating), separate analyses were performed for three climate zones: coastal, inland, and desert.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Turiel, I.; Heinemeier, K.; Lebot, B.; Nordman, B.; Rainer, L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Could energy intensive industries be powered by carbon-free electricity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chemical services ­ for example, coal, converted to coke, acts as a reducing agent in blast furnaces.) (a comes from coal, oil, and natural gas. What infrastructure would be required to deliver the same amount to Royal Society TEX Paper #12;2 David J C MacKay FRS Primary energy consumption: 2740TWh/y Coal: 475 TWh

MacKay, David J.C.

351

Multi-energy CT based on a prior rank, intensity and sparsity model (PRISM) This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-energy CT based on a prior rank, intensity and sparsity model (PRISM) This article has been:10.1088/0266-5611/27/11/115012 Multi-energy CT based on a prior rank, intensity and sparsity model and sparsity of a multi-energy image, and intensity/spectral characteristics of base materials. Furthermore, we

Wang, Ge

352

Russia's role in the Kyoto Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...

Bernard, Alain.

353

Resonant energy conversion of 3-minute intensity oscillations into Alfven waves in the solar atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear coupling between 3-minute oscillations and Alfven waves in the solar lower atmosphere is studied. 3-minute oscillations are considered as acoustic waves trapped in a chromospheric cavity and oscillating along transversally inhomogeneous vertical magnetic field. It is shown that under the action of the oscillations the temporal dynamics of Alfven waves is governed by Mathieu equation. Consequently, the harmonics of Alfven waves with twice period and wavelength of 3-minute oscillations grow exponentially in time near the layer where the sound and Alfven speeds equal. Thus the 3-minute oscillations are resonantly absorbed by pure Alfven waves near this resonant layer. The resonant Alfven waves may penetrate into the solar corona taking energy from the chromosphere. Therefore the layer c_s=v_A may play a role of energy channel for otherwise trapped acoustic oscillations.

D. Kuridze; T. V. Zaqarashvili

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy Use Intensity and its Influence on the Integrated Daylighting Design of a Large Net Zero Energy Building: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Net-zero energy buildings generate as much energy as they consume and are significant in the sustainable future of building design and construction. The role of daylighting (and its simulation) in the design process becomes critical. In this paper we present the process the National Renewable Energy Laboratory embarked on in the procurement, design, and construction of its newest building, the Research Support Facility (RSF) - particularly the roles of daylighting, electric lighting, and simulation. With a rapid construction schedule, the procurement, design, and construction had to be tightly integrated; with low energy use. We outline the process and measures required to manage a building design that could expect to operate at an efficiency previously unheard of for a building of this type, size, and density. Rigorous simulation of the daylighting and the electric lighting control response was a given, but the oft-ignored disconnect between lighting simulation and whole-building energy use simulation had to be addressed. The RSF project will be thoroughly evaluated for its performance for one year; preliminary data from the postoccupancy monitoring efforts will also be presented with an eye toward the current efficacy of building energy and lighting simulation.

Guglielmetti , R.; Scheib, J.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini , P.; Petro, R.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Effects of high-energy intense multi-bunches proton beam on materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The prediction of material response in case of interaction with successive high energy proton bunches requires new tools and multidisciplinary approaches. The impact leads the propagation of shock-waves, which travels through the hit component causing a substantial density reduction and the appearance of tunneling effect along the beam direction. For taking into account this effect, an automatic procedure, consisting in coupling FLUKA Monte-Carlo and FE LS-DYNA codes, is developed. The case study consists of the accidental loss of 60 bunches of one of the 7 TeV proton beams of the Large Hadron Collider (CERN) on a tungsten collimator.

M. Scapin; L. Peroni; V. Boccone; F. Cerutti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The potential impacts of border tax adjustments on imports of energy-intensive goods in the EU and USA markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government action to address climate change has been very varied and industries in the developed world, especially those that which are energy intensive, are increasingly concerned about the potential negative impacts of abatement measures on their international competitiveness. This paper looks at the potential impacts of one measure which has been proposed to address these competitiveness concerns – border tax adjustments (BTAs). It finds that the potential impacts of such measures may not justify the complexity of their imposition. The impacts on competitiveness are likely to be limited and potential negative side effects on some poor developing countries cannot be ruled out. The country most likely to be impacted by BTAs in the EU and USA markets is China, while the low-income countries most likely to be affected are Niger, Mozambique and Tadjikistan, in the EU market and Liberia, Tadjikistan, and Uzbekistan in the USA market.

Louise Curran

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Measured commercial load shapes and energy-use intensities and validation of the LBL end-use disaggregation algorithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) has conducted an extensive metering project in which electricity end use in 53 commercial buildings in Southern California has been measured. The building types monitored include offices, retail stores, groceries, restaurants, and warehouses. One year (June 1989 through May 1990) of the SCE measured hourly end-use data are reviewed in this report. Annual whole-building and end-use energy use intensities (EUIs) and monthly load shapes (LSs) have been calculated for the different building types based on the monitored data. This report compares the monitored buildings' EUIs and LSs to EUIs and LSs determined using whole-building load data and the End-Use Disaggregation Algorithm (EDA). Two sets of EDA determined EUIs and LSs are compared to the monitored data values. The data sets represent: (1) average buildings in the SCE service territory and (2) specific buildings that were monitored.

Akbari, H.; Rainer, L.; Heinemeier, K.; Huang, J.; Franconi, E.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Oil Natural Gas million kWh NAICS Residual Fuel OilNAICS Iron and Steel Mills Steel Products from Purchased Steel Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil Natural GasNAICS Industry Other Shipments of Energy Sources Produced Onsite Total Electricity Residual Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil Natural Gas

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

st rait st imes.com http://www.straitstimes.com/premium/opinion/story/russia-building-its-eastern-regions-20140104 By Salim Osman Senior Writer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Putin giving his state of the nation address at the Kremlin on Dec 12, during which he pledged to give Vladimir Putin and other leaders have realised the need to restructure Russia's solely energy-based economy

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

360

Modeling the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity in the periods of low activity around the last three solar minima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the simple model for the description of the GCR modulation in the heliosphere and the sets of parameters discussed in the accompanying paper we model some features of the time and energy behavior of the GCR intensity near the Earth observed during periods of low solar activity around three last solar minima. In order to understand the mechanisms underlying these features in the GCR behavior, we use the suggested earlier decomposition of the calculated intensity into the partial intensities corresponding to the main processes (diffusion, adiabatic losses, convection and drifts).

Krainev, M B; Kalinin, M S; Svirzhevskaya, A K; Svirzhevsky, N S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reduction in the intensity of solar X-ray emission in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range and heating of the solar corona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time profiles of the energy spectra of low-intensity flares and the structure of the thermal background of the soft X-ray component of solar corona emission over the period of January-February, 2003, are investigated using the data of the RHESSI project. A reduction in the intensity of X-ray emission of the solar flares and the corona thermal background in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range is revealed. The RHESSI data are compared with the data from the Interball-Geotail project. A new mechanism of solar corona heating is proposed on the basis of the results obtained.

Mirzoeva, I. K., E-mail: colombo2006@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Wind turbines application for energy savings in Gas transportation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The Thesis shows the perspectives of involving renewable energy resources into the energy balance of Russia, namely the use of wind energy for the… (more)

Mingaleeva, Renata

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Deputy Secretary Sell Highlights Cooperation in Global Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Non-Proliferation in Moscow March 12, 2007 - 10:28am Addthis Co-Chairs U.S. - Russia Energy Working Group on First Stop on Three Nation Swing MOSCOW, Russia - U.S. Deputy...

364

The British Intervention in South Russia 1918-1920.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Soon after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, a three-year civil war broke out in Russia. As in many other civil wars, foreign powers intervened in… (more)

Kopisto, Lauri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Friend and foe? : Russia in NATO's strategy 1991-2011.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis investigates how NATO has managed its relations with Russia during the 1991-2011 periods. The analysis is on two levels – a strategic level… (more)

Nygaard, Ida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Entrepreneurship in Russia: Western Ideas in Russian Translation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aim of this thesis is to outline, both historically and in our own time, the development of entrepreneurship in Russia, a country where the… (more)

Shmulyar Gréen, Oksana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

368

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia Eastern Europe References RECP Programme1 Overview UNIDO and UNEP launched in 1994 a joint programme to establish National Cleaner Production CentresProgrammes (NCPCs...

369

Environmental movements in Russia (An example from the Baikal region).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis presents the analysis of environmental movements in Russia. Through a collective memory and discourse framework, this study reviews the overlap and disparity… (more)

Dampilon, Zhargal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Intra-industry trade between Sweden and Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of the thesis is to determine whether Russia has changed its intra-industry trade pattern with Sweden between the years of 1997 and… (more)

Eliasson, Johanna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Extending NATO membership to the Baltic States : what silenced Russia?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this essay is to explain Russia s apparent acquiescence to the decision extending NATO membership to the Baltic States. Can the acquiescence… (more)

Aalia, Inga

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Values in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania: SourcesEvidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.Evidence from Russia and Ukraine,” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

39 (676), October 12, 2009. “Russia ready to deploy Iskander18, 2009, Ariel Cohen, “Russia provokes U.S. with Venezuelaa more global reach. Russia has pushed to reestablish its

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Changes in Russia's gas exportation strategy: Europe versus Asia? Catherine Locatelli, Research Fellow,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in Russia's gas exportation strategy: Europe versus Asia? Catherine Locatelli, Research policy. JEL classification: Industrial organization, International economics. Abstract: Russia's gas strategy is currently undergoing fundamental changes. The internationalisation of Russia's gas exchanges

Boyer, Edmond

375

Molecular Characterization of Ofloxacin-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains from Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains from Russia Published ahead of print on 16 June 2008...Pasteur Institute, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia. Phone: 7812 2332149. Fax: 7812 232...Pasteur Institute, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia 2 Unite de la Tuberculose et des Mycobacteries...

Igor Mokrousov; Tatiana Otten; Olga Manicheva; Yulia Potapova; Boris Vishnevsky; Olga Narvskaya; Nalin Rastogi

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

376

The founding of St Petersburg in the context of The Royal Society's relationship with Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The Royal Society's relationship with Russia J. H. Appleby 16 Pine Close, Upton Road...in 1712, the Society's contacts with Russia developed in many different ways. St Petersburg|Russia|The Royal Society| THE FOUNDING OF ST...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Influenza A (H15N4) Virus Isolation in Western Siberia, Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...H15N4) Virus Isolation in Western Siberia, Russia Mariya V. Sivay a b Tatiana Baranovich c...Biotechnology Novosibirsk Region, Koltsovo, Russia b Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia c Department of Infectious Diseases, St...

Mariya V. Sivay; Tatiana Baranovich; Vasiliy Y. Marchenko; Kirill A. Sharshov; Elena A. Govorkova; Aleksander M. Shestopalov; Richard J. Webby

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Genetic Analysis of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Russia Lyudmila Yashina 1 Oleg Vyshemirskii 2...Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Region, 630559, Russia. Phone: 7 (383-2) 36-74-39...of Virology, RAMS, Moscow, 123098, Russia 3 Vanderbilt University Medical Center...

Lyudmila Yashina; Oleg Vyshemirskii; Sergei Seregin; Irina Petrova; Evgeny Samokhvalov; Dmitry Lvov; Valery Gutorov; Irina Kuzina; Georgy Tyunnikov; Yi-Wei Tang; Sergei Netesov; Vladimir Petrov

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2006, China has set goals of reducing energy intensity, emissions, and pollutants in multiple guidelines and in the Five Year Plans. Various strategies and measures have then been taken to improve the energy efficiency in all sectors and to reduce pollutants. Since controlling energy, CO{sub 2} emissions, and pollutants falls under the jurisdiction of different government agencies in China, many strategies are being implemented to fulfill only one of these objectives. Co-controls or integrated measures could simultaneously reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and criteria air pollutant emissions. The targets could be met in a more cost effective manner if the integrated measures can be identified and prioritized. This report provides analysis and insights regarding how these targets could be met via co-control measures focusing on both CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} emissions in the cement, iron &steel, and power sectors to 2030 in China. An integrated national energy and emission model was developed in order to establish a baseline scenario that was used to assess the impact of actions already taken by the Chinese government as well as planned and expected actions. In addition, CO{sub 2} mitigation scenarios and SO{sub 2} control scenarios were also established to evaluate the impact of each of the measures and the combined effects. In the power sector, although the end of pipe SO{sub 2} control technology such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) has the largest reduction potential for SO{sub 2} emissions, other CO{sub 2} control options have important co-benefits in reducing SO{sub 2} emissions of 52.6 Mt of SO{sub 2} accumulatively. Coal efficiency improvements along with hydropower, renewable and nuclear capacity expansion will result in more than half of the SO{sub 2} emission reductions as the SO{sub 2} control technology through 2016. In comparison, the reduction from carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is much less and has negative SO{sub 2} reductions potential. The expanded biomass generation scenario does not have significant potential for reducing SO{sub 2} emissions, because of its limited availability. For the cement sector, the optimal co-control strategy includes accelerated adoption of energy efficiency measures, decreased use of clinker in cement production, increased use of alternative fuels, and fuel-switching to biomass. If desired, additional SO{sub 2} mitigation could be realized by more fully adopting SO{sub 2} abatement mitigation technology measures. The optimal co-control scenario results in annual SO{sub 2} emissions reductions in 2030 of 0.16 Mt SO{sub 2} and annual CO{sub 2} emissions reductions of 76 Mt CO{sub 2}. For the iron and steel sector, the optimal co-control strategy includes accelerated adoption of energy efficiency measures, increased share of electric arc furnace steel production, and reduced use of coal and increased use of natural gas in steel production. The strategy also assumes full implementation of sinter waste gas recycling and wet desulfurization. This strategy results in annual SO{sub 2} emissions reductions in 2030 of 1.3 Mt SO{sub 2} and annual CO{sub 2} emissions reductions of 173 Mt CO{sub 2}.

Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn; Zheng, Nina; Ke, Jing; Hasanbeigi, Ali

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

International Team | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Our collaborative projects with countries such as Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and Russia are focused on enhancing their readiness to absorb energy efficiency andor renewable...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Andrea Lockwood | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of Energy. She directs the analytical work covering the Eurasia land mass (including Russia, the Baltics and the Ukraine), Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Middle East (including...

382

Mark Whitney | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Mr. Whitney managed DOE's Russian operations from 2005 to 2008. His accomplishments in Russia include the implementation of DOE nonproliferation and energy programs, such as power...

383

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place: Krasnodar, Romania Zip: 350000 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures solar modules and cells. References: Solar...

384

U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis Newly Signed Fifth Bratislava Report Highlights Most Recent Advances in Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fifth report on nuclear security cooperation between the two countries. The report is known as the Bratislava Report after the 2005 historic nonproliferation agreement between the two presidents. It details significant work completed by the United States and Russia over the past six months in the areas of emergency response, nuclear security procedures and best practices, security culture,

385

International technology transfer for climate change mitigation and the cases of Russia and China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The environmental agenda for mitigating climate change through international transfers of technology is linked with a diverse literature, reviewed here within a framework that combines technological, agent/agenda, and market/transaction perspectives. Literature that bears on international technology transfer for climate change mitigation is similar in many ways for Russia and China: opportunities for energy efficiency and renewable energy, economic reform and restructuring, the difficulties enterprises face in responding to market conditions, international assistance policies, international joint ventures, market intermediation, and capacity building for market development. In both countries, capacity building means enhancing market-oriented capabilities in addition to technological capabilities. For Russia, institutional development is critical, such as new commercial legal codes and housing-sector changes beyond privatization. For China, technology policies and modernization programs significantly influence technology transfers. 234 refs., 3 tabs.

Martinot, E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group; [Stockholm Environment Inst., Boston, MA (United States); Sinton, J.E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy and Resources Group; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). International Energy Studies Group; Haddad, B.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Seismic characterization of the fall 2007 eruptive sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic characterization of the fall 2007 eruptive sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Russia Weston of Geophysical Services, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petropavlosk, Russia d Cascade Volcano Observatory, United

West, Michael

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic russia sedimentology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

russia sedimentology Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arctic russia sedimentology Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CURRICULUM VITAE Julie...

388

Pepsico Research Travel Fellowships for Russia, Eurasia, and East-Central Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pepsico Research Travel Fellowships for Russia, Eurasia, and East-Central Europe Pepsi travel to Russia, Eurasia, and East-Central Europe, for the purposes of conducting research

Qian, Ning

389

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

390

Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Centrally Planned Europe » Russian Federation Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends Since 1992 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions from the Russian Federation have dropped 23% to 466 million metric tons of carbon, still the fourth largest emitting country in the world and the largest emitter of the republics comprising the former USSR. Emissions from gas consumption still represent the largest fraction (49.1%) of Russia's emissions and only recently have returned to the 1992 level. Emissions from coal consumption have dropped 25.5% since 1992 and presently account for 26.6% of Russia's emissions. Russia has the largest population of any Eastern European country with a population of 141 million people. From a per capita standpoint, Russia's

391

Russia's perceptions and misperceptions of the EU Eastern Partnership  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article is devoted to the problem of the reaction to the Eastern Partnership by Russia's both the political establishment and the expert community. The question of reactions to the Eastern Partnership in the target countries has been extensively posed in academic literature. However, the question of Russia's reaction to the Eastern Partnership, one of the most important actors of the region, has been rarely raised by the academic community. A wide array of factors impacted Russian elites' perception of the Eastern Partnership – from problematic issues in the EU-Russia relations to the post-Soviet states' political and economic transformation. Studying the dynamics and peculiarities of Russia's perspective on the Eastern Partnership makes it possible to draw meaningful conclusions on the nature of Russia's phobias that fuel its domestic and foreign policy.

Igor Gretskiy; Evgeny Treshchenkov; Konstantin Golubev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A New High-intensity, Low-momentum Muon Beam for the Generation of Low-energy Muons at PSI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI, Villigen, Switzerland) a new high-intensity muon beam line with momentum p...< 40 MeV/c is currently being commissioned. The beam line is especially designed to serve the need...

T. Prokscha; E. Morenzoni; K. Deiters; F. Foroughi; D. George…

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A New High-Intensity, Low-Momentum Muon Beam for the Generation of Low-Energy Muons at PSI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI, Villigen, Switzerland) a new high-intensity muon beam line with momentum p...< 40 MeV/c is currently being commissioned. The beam line is especially designed to serve the need...

T. Prokscha; E. Morenzoni; K. Deiters; F. Foroughi; D. George; R. Kobler…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The relationship between maximum tolerated light intensity and photoprotective energy dissipation in the photosynthetic antenna: chloroplast gains and losses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Zeaxanthin synthesis, energy dissipation, and photoprotection...1987 Physiological factors associated with fluorescence...Modulation of photosynthetic energy conversion efficiency in nature...photosystem II thermal energy dissipation on transfer...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

US Energy Secretary Bodman Meets with Russian Federation Minister...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Industry and Energy Victor Khristenko May 23, 2005 - 12:50pm Addthis MOSCOW, RUSSIA -- US Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman (Right) and Russian Federation Minister of...

396

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Technology collaborations, the product of that work will inevitably be underutilized unless it is disseminated to the broader scientifi c community. In response to this realization, and with the objective of maximizing the benefi t of the collaboration, the researchers involved in these collaborations often publish their work. This particular project has resulted in the publication (by Springer-Verlag) of an extensive (over 400 pages) book on the topic of shock physics. The fi rst line of the preface reads, "This book is the result of collaboration between the Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All Russian Scientifi c Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF) located in Sarov, Russia, and the University of California-Los Alamos

397

Ethnicity and electoral manipulation in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To what extent does electoral manipulation follow ethnic lines in Russia? Using an original dataset based on raion-level data, we find that the “ethnic component” of electoral manipulation is more nuanced than previous studies have suggested. Electoral manipulation was most prevalent in majority-minority raions across ethnic and non-ethnic as well as richer and poorer regions. We argue that concentrations of ethnic minorities provide: (1) greater incentives for electoral manipulation by the central state and regional elites in order to signal political dominance and (2) greater capacity to carry out electoral manipulation through networks of local co-ethnic elites. However, multilevel analyses suggest that the extent of electoral manipulation was also strongly contingent on regional context. Electoral manipulation was significantly higher in the more politically volatile Muslim regions, while socioeconomic differences among regions, by contrast, had no discernible effect.

Regina Goodnow; Robert G. Moser; Tony Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as energy use per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) byas energy use per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Isotope mass shift for two-electron atoms Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 188300, Russia (Dated: 29 April 2004) Accurate calculations of the isotope shift for atomic transitions

Kozlov, Mikhail G

400

Isotope mass shift for two-electron atoms II Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Gatchina, 188300, Russia (Dated: 31 October 2006) Accurate calculations of the isotope shift for atomic

Kozlov, Mikhail G

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Spin susceptibility of interacting electrons Vladimir Pudalov Lebedev Physics Institute, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Russia Michael Gershenson Rutgers University, USA Haruo Kojima Rutgers University, USA Gerhard Brunthaler

Fominov, Yakov

402

International Kimberlite Conference Long Abstract 1 CRATONIC CONDITIONS BENEATH ARKHANGELSK, RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, RUSSIA: GARNET PERIDOTITES FROM THE GRIB KIMBERLITE Vladimir Malkovets1,2,3 , Lawrence Taylor2 , William , Konstantin Litasov6 1 Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography SB RAS, Russia; 2 Planetary Geoscience University, Australia; 4 Arkhangelskgeolrazvedka Ltd, Russia; 5 Arkhangelskgeoldobycha Ltd, Russia; 6

Taylor, Lawrence A.

403

Pushpa Bhat, Fermilab June 24-28, 2002 ACAT2002, Moscow, Russia Pushpa Bhat 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Pushpa Bhat, Fermilab #12;June 24-28, 2002 ACAT2002, Moscow, Russia Pushpa Bhat 2 Richard Feynman automata-based programs on the connection machine #12;June 24-28, 2002 ACAT2002, Moscow, Russia Pushpa Bhat@fnal.gov ACAT 2002 Workshop June 24-28, 2002 Moscow, Russia #12;June 24-28, 2002 ACAT2002, Moscow, Russia Pushpa

Bhat, Pushpalatha

404

Neutron Halo Isomers in Stable Nuclei and their Possible Application for the Production of Low Energy, Pulsed, Polarized Neutron Beams of High Intensity and High Brilliance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to search for neutron halo isomers populated via $\\gamma$-capture in stable nuclei with mass numbers of about A=140-180 or A=40-60, where the $4s_{1/2}$ or $3s_{1/2}$ neutron shell model state reaches zero binding energy. These halo nuclei can be produced for the first time with new $\\gamma$-beams of high intensity and small band width ($\\le$ 0.1%) achievable via Compton back-scattering off brilliant electron beams thus offering a promising perspective to selectively populate these isomers with small separation energies of 1 eV to a few keV. Similar to single-neutron halo states for very light, extremely neutron-rich, radioactive nuclei \\cite{hansen95,tanihata96,aumann00}, the low neutron separation energy and short-range nuclear force allows the neutron to tunnel far out into free space much beyond the nuclear core radius. This results in prolonged half lives of the isomers for the $\\gamma$-decay back to the ground state in the 100 ps-$\\mu$s range. Similar to the treatment of photodisintegration of the deuteron, the neutron release from the neutron halo isomer via a second, low-energy, intense photon beam has a known much larger cross section with a typical energy threshold behavior. In the second step, the neutrons can be released as a low-energy, pulsed, polarized neutron beam of high intensity and high brilliance, possibly being much superior to presently existing beams from reactors or spallation neutron sources.

D. Habs; M. Gross; P. G. Thirolf; P. Böni

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

405

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

406

Advancing Global Nuclear Security | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OF THE NUCLEAR ENERGY AND NUCLEAR SECURITY WORKING GROUP OF THE BILATERAL U.S. - RUSSIA PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the 2014 IAEA General Conference...

407

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2010 International team discovers element 117 An international team of scientists from Russia and the United States, including two Department of Energy national laboratories and...

408

Working with Russia | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working with Russia Working with Russia Working with Russia Posted: February 11, 2013 - 3:34pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 For decades official maps did not show Zheleznogorsk, Russia. Created in 1950 to produce weapons-grade plutonium, the Siberian city of about 90,000 existed in secrecy until the Cold War's close in 1991. The end of that conflict between the U.S. and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics meant the end of weapons production, causing thousands of highly skilled Russian nuclear workers to lose their livelihood. "As the Russians were reducing the number of personnel in the weapons business, the U.S. didn't want the workers to be desperate and wonder how they were going to feed their families," said Y-12 Program Manager Ken Williams.

409

Weather Conditions of 1695?96 in European Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Russian chronicles and the diaries of Czar Peter the Great were used to describe weather conditions of the late seventeenth century in European Russia. According to these written sources, a distinct deterioration of weather conditions took ...

Margarita Chernavskaya

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Mutation screening of phenylketonuria in the Far East of Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...We analyzed mutant genotypes at the human phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) locus among phenylketonuria (PKU) patients in the Far East of Russia. A total of 60 variant alleles from ... of PKU patients in the Far...

H. Sueoka; A. Moshinetsky; M. Nagao; S. Chiba

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

On Magnetical Observations in Germany, Norway, and Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1837-1843 research-article On Magnetical Observations in Germany, Norway, and Russia Major Sabine The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Abstracts of the Papers...

1837-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of natural gas fired power generation, which will provideof natural gas fired power generation, which will providepower generation – for example Stalin’s “gasification” campaign that turned coal fired plants in European Russia into gas

Wengle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Status of nuclear weapons material disposition in Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The security of nuclear weapons and fissile material in Russia, the disposition of weapons-usable fissile material in Russia, the Clinton administration`s policies and programs for assisting Russia in improving its security over nuclear weapons and fissile material, and the disposal of Russian weapons-usable fissile materials are discussed in this paper. There are {approximately}30,000 nuclear warheads in the former Soviet Union, {approximately}1000 t of weapon-usable high-enriched uranium (HEU), {approximately} 160 t of separated plutonium in weapons or available for weapons, and {approximately}30 t of separated civil plutonium stored in Russia. Most, if not all, of these inventories are stored under inadequate conditions of physical security and of material control and accounting.

Cochran, T.B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

414

Sensitivity to dark energy candidates by searching for four-wave mixing of high-intensity lasers in the vacuum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the energy frontier of high-energy physics is, of course, to produce new heavy particles; therefore, the realization of the high CMS energy is the most important task...Non-Newtonian Gravity (1998) New York: AIP Press. 17 Fujii Y......

Kensuke Homma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Manifestation of quantum chaos on scattering techniques: application to low-energy and photo-electron diffraction intensities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intensities of LEED and PED are analyzed from a statistical point of view. The probability distribution is compared with a Porter-Thomas law, characteristic of a chaotic quantum system. The agreement obtained is understood in terms of analogies between simple models and Berry's conjecture for a typical wavefunction of a chaotic system. The consequences of this behaviour on surface structural analysis are qualitatively discussed by looking at the behaviour of standard correlation factors.

P. L. de Andres; J. A. Vergés

1997-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

416

Hating the Bear? : Root Causes of Perceived anti-Russian Slant in Western News Coverage of the 2008 Russia-Georgia War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Person Interview. Moscow, Russia. 27 March 2010. Harding,In Person Interview. Moscow, Russia. 25 March 2010.Group (Organization). Russia & Georgia: The Fallout. 22

Spivakovsky-Gonzalez, Pedro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Call title: FP7-AERONAUTICS and AIR TRANSPORT (AAT)-2010-RTD-RUSSIA Call identifier: FP7-AAT-2010-RTD-RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Call title: FP7-AERONAUTICS and AIR TRANSPORT (AAT)-2010-RTD-RUSSIA · Call identifier: FP7-AAT-2010-RTD-RUSSIA · Date of publication: 30 July 2009 · Deadline1 : 14 January 2010 at 17.00.00 (Brussels strategic international cooperation with Russia in the field of advanced aerodynamics and innovative design

Milano-Bicocca, UniversitĂ 

418

EU, U.S., Russia, Asian States Sign Nuclear-Fusion Reactor May 24 (Bloomberg) --The European Union, the U.S., Russia and Asian nations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Europe EU, U.S., Russia, Asian States Sign Nuclear-Fusion Reactor Pact May 24 (Bloomberg) -- The European Union, the U.S., Russia and Asian nations including China signed a treaty to build the first percent, China, India, South Korea and Russia 10 percent each and France 8 percent, #12;according

419

Microsoft PowerPoint - US-Russia3_Cynn_2009  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Static material strength determined using a DAC Static material strength determined using a DAC g g Joint US-Russia Material Conference H h C 1 W J E 1 J P Kl i 1 M Li 1 Prague, Czech Republic 8/30 - 9/4, 2009 Hyunchae Cynn 1 , W.J. Evans 1 , J. P. Klepeis 1 , M. Lipp 1 , H.-P. Liermann 2 *, W. Yang 2 cynn1@llnl.gov, 925-422-3432 Physical and Life Sciences Directorate Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, CA 94550, USA Livermore, CA 94550, USA 2 HPCAT, Bld. 434E, Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439-4803, USA *Currently at DESY, HASYLAB, Petra III, P02 Notkestr. 85, Bldg. 47c, Rm. L115 22607 H b G 22607 Hamburg, Germany This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in part under Contract W-7405-Eng-48 and in part under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Portions of this work were performed at HPCAT (Sector 16),

420

Interference-induced enhancement of intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, we have showed a mechanism that could provide a great transmission enhancement of the light waves passed through subwavelength aperture arrays in thin metal films not by the plasmon-polariton waves, but by the constructive interference of diffracted waves (beams generated by the apertures) at the detector placed in the far-field zone. We now present a quantum reformulation of the model. The Hamiltonian describing the interference-induced enhancement of the intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field is derived. Such a field can be produced, for instance, by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources.

S. V. Kukhlevsky

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Quantifying yield gaps in wheat production in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crop yields must increase substantially to meet the increasing demands for agricultural products. Crop yield increases are particularly important for Russia because low crop yields prevail across Russia's widespread and fertile land resources. However, reliable data are lacking regarding the spatial distribution of potential yields in Russia, which can be used to determine yield gaps. We used a crop growth model to determine the yield potentials and yield gaps of winter and spring wheat at the provincial level across European Russia. We modeled the annual yield potentials from 1995 to 2006 with optimal nitrogen supplies for both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Overall, the results suggest yield gaps of 1.51–2.10 t ha?1, or 44–52% of the yield potential under rainfed conditions. Under irrigated conditions, yield gaps of 3.14–3.30 t ha?1, or 62–63% of the yield potential, were observed. However, recurring droughts cause large fluctuations in yield potentials under rainfed conditions, even when the nitrogen supply is optimal, particularly in the highly fertile black soil areas of southern European Russia. The highest yield gaps (up to 4 t ha?1) under irrigated conditions were detected in the steppe areas in southeastern European Russia along the border of Kazakhstan. Improving the nutrient and water supply and using crop breeds that are adapted to the frequent drought conditions are important for reducing yield gaps in European Russia. Our regional assessment helps inform policy and agricultural investors and prioritize research that aims to increase crop production in this important region for global agricultural markets.

Florian Schierhorn; Monireh Faramarzi; Alexander V Prishchepov; Friedrich J Koch; Daniel Müller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Role of Modeling When Designing for Absolute Energy Use Intensity Requirements in a Design-Build Framework: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Research Support Facility was designed to use half the energy of an equivalent minimally code-compliant building, and to produce as much renewable energy as it consumes on an annual basis. These energy goals and their substantiation through simulation were explicitly included in the project's fixed firm price design-build contract. The energy model had to be continuously updated during the design process and to match the final building as-built to the greatest degree possible. Computer modeling played a key role throughout the design process and in verifying that the contractual energy goals would be met within the specified budget. The main tool was a whole building energy simulation program. Other models were used to provide more detail or to complement the whole building simulation tool. Results from these specialized models were fed back into the main whole building simulation tool to provide the most accurate possible inputs for annual simulations. This paper will detail the models used in the design process and how they informed important program and design decisions on the path from preliminary design to the completed building.

Hirsch, A.; Pless, S.; Guglielmetti, R.; Torcellini, P. A.; Okada, D.; Antia, P.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Longevity of the quark-gluon plasma and the mixed phase from intensity interferometry of high energy photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-photon intensity interferometry is shown to provide an accurate measurement of lifetime of quark-gluon plasma created in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions via the difference of outward and sidewardcorrelation radii. Under the assumption of a longitudinal, boost invariant expansion of the plasma, we obtain analytical expressions for the correlations from the quark-gluon plasma phase. A $3+1$ dimensional expansion of the plasma along with a first order phase transition to hadrons is next considered, and, leads to a source with two characteristic lifetimes, one for the quark-gluon plasma phase, and the other for the longer lived mixed phase. This may even help us to {\\em experimentally} determine the order of the phase transition.

Dinesh K. Srivastava; Charles Gale

1993-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

424

commentary: Tree refugia and slow forest development in response to post-LGM warming in North?Eastern European Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of  LGM  Europe  and Russia ? Part 2: a dataset of LGM north? eastern  European  Russia.   Journal  of  Biogeogra?in North?Eastern European Russia  Though  the  Postglacial 

Normand, Signe; Treier, Urs A.; Odgaard, Bent Vad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

For Immediate Release --Wednesday, June 26, 2013 Canada Day in St. Petersburg, Russia: U of L computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Petersburg, Russia: U of L computer programming team celebrates at prestigious Collegiate Programming Contest (ICPC) World Finals in St. Petersburg, Russia challenge In addition to sending a team to Russia, Mathematics and Computer

Seldin, Jonathan P.

426

Identification of Ehrlichia spp. andBorrelia burgdorferi in Ixodes Ticks in the Baltic Regions of Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ixodes Ticks in the Baltic Regions of Russia Andrey N. Alekseev Helen V. Dubinina...Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1 and Research Laboratory...ticks collected in the Baltic regions of Russia, where Lyme borreliosis is endemic...

Andrey N. Alekseev; Helen V. Dubinina; Ingrid Van De Pol; Leo M. Schouls

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Energy Media Advisories | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in White House Grid Modernization Event June 3, 2011 Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week Secretary of Energy to focus on U.S.-Russian cooperation on civil nuclear,...

428

Energy Media Advisories | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

co-chairs of the event. December 3, 2010 Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia Washington, D.C. - On Monday, December 6, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel...

429

California Baseline Energy Demands to 2050 for Advanced Energy Pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energy efficiency or energy intensity for a particularbased upon trends in energy intensity parameters which areBuilding type (12) Energy intensity Industrial Shipments

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Impact of high energy high intensity proton beams on targets: Case studies for Super Proton Synchrotron and Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is designed to collide two proton beams with unprecedented particle energy of 7 TeV. Each beam comprises 2808 bunches and the separation between two neighboring bunches is 25 ns. The energy stored in each beam is 362 MJ, sufficient to melt 500 kg copper. Safety of operation is very important when working with such powerful beams. An accidental release of even a very small fraction of the beam energy can result in severe damage to the equipment. The machine protection system is essential to handle all types of possible accidental hazards; however, it is important to know about possible consequences of failures. One of the critical failure scenarios is when the entire beam is lost at a single point. In this paper we present detailed numerical simulations of the full impact of one LHC beam on a cylindrical solid carbon target. First, the energy deposition by the protons is calculated with the FLUKA code and this energy deposition is used in the BIG2 code to study the corresponding thermodynamic and the hydrodynamic response of the target that leads to a reduction in the density. The modified density distribution is used in FLUKA to calculate new energy loss distribution and the two codes are thus run iteratively. A suitable iteration step is considered to be the time interval during which the target density along the axis decreases by 15%–20%. Our simulations suggest that the full LHC proton beam penetrates up to 25 m in solid carbon whereas the range of the shower from a single proton in solid carbon is just about 3 m (hydrodynamic tunneling effect). It is planned to perform experiments at the experimental facility HiRadMat (High Radiation Materials) at CERN using the proton beam from the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS), to compare experimental results with the theoretical predictions. Therefore simulations of the response of a solid copper cylindrical target hit by the SPS beam were performed. The particle energy in the SPS beam is 440 GeV while it has the same bunch structure as the LHC beam, except that it has only up to 288 bunches. Beam focal spot sizes of ?=0.1, 0.2, and 0.5 mm have been considered. The phenomenon of significant hydrodynamic tunneling due to the hydrodynamic effects is also expected for the experiments.

N. A. Tahir, J. Blanco Sancho, A. Shutov, R. Schmidt, and A. R. Piriz

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

431

Origin of protons accelerated by an intense laser and the dependence of their energy on the plasma density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the high-energy (1–4 MeV) proton production from a slab plasma irradiated by a ultrashort high-power laser. In our 2.5-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, a p-polarized laser beam of 1.6Ś1019 W/cm2, 300 fs, ?L=1.053 ?m, illuminates a slab plasma normally; the slab plasma consists of a hydrogen plasma, and the target plasma thickness and the laser spot size are 2.5?L and 5?L, respectively. The simulation results show that an emitted proton energy depends on the slab plasma density, and three kinds of high-energy proton beams are generated at the target plasma surfaces: one kind of the proton beams is produced at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the same laser-incident side. The second is generated at the target surface opposite to the laser-illuminated target surface and is accelerated outward on the same side. The third is generated at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the opposite side while passing through the target plasma. The simulations also show a mechanism of proton accelerations. In an overdense plasma, laser energy goes to energies of hot electrons and magnetic fields in part; the electrons oscillate around the slab plasma so that a static electric field is generated and consequently protons are extracted. The magnetic field generated in the slab plasma exists longer and heats up the plasma electrons to sustain the static electric field even after the laser termination.

Takashi Nakamura and Shigeo Kawata

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

432

Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

10 th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30--July 2, 2004, SaintPetersburg, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30--July 2, 2004, Saint­Petersburg, Russia GROUP Science, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA 4 State Technical Univ. of St. Petersburg, Russia Abstract

Kreinovich, Vladik

434

RUSSIA - Technological Innovation Delegation Louvain-la-Neuve June 3, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RUSSIA - « Technological Innovation » Delegation Louvain-la-Neuve ­ June 3, 2014 Programme 09 and of its exchanges with Russia (Ms. Anne-Laure Cadji, EPL) http://www.uclouvain.be/epl 15:30: Return

Nesterov, Yurii

435

IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30July 2, 2004, Saint-Petersburg, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30­July 2, 2004, Saint-Petersburg, Russia GROUP State University, Tempe, USA 4 State Technical Univ. of St. Petersburg, Russia Abstract. When describing

Kreinovich, Vladik

436

Proceedings of 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference, July 1 4, 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference, July 1 ­ 4, 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference, July 1 ­ 4, 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia Published

437

UPb and geochemical evidence for a Cryogenian magmatic arc in central Novaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U­Pb and geochemical evidence for a Cryogenian magmatic arc in central Novaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia-0349 Oslo, Norway Introduction The High Arctic of Scandinavia and Russia consists of a collage

Svensen, Henrik

438

IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30July 2, 2004, Saint-Petersburg, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30­July 2, 2004, Saint-Petersburg, Russia PROBABILITIES Computer Science, University of Texas, El Paso, USA 2 State Technical Univ. of St. Petersburg, Russia 3

Kreinovich, Vladik

439

th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30--July 2, 2004, SaintPetersburg, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 th IMEKO TC7 International Symposium June 30--July 2, 2004, Saint­Petersburg, Russia. Petersburg, Russia 3 Applied Biomathematics, 100 North Country Road, Setauket, NY 11733, USA 4 University

Kreinovich, Vladik

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - association urals russia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

urals russia Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: association urals russia Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

E-Print Network 3.0 - ailing mother russia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ailing mother russia Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ailing mother russia Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 LIFE SCIENCE NEWSPublished by...

442

U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord | National Nuclear Security...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home About Us Our History NNSA Timeline U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord February 01, 2005 U.S....

443

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes...

444

European Congress on Social Insects St. Petersburg, Russia, 2227 August 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3rd European Congress on Social Insects St. Petersburg, Russia, 22­27 August 2005 PROCEEDINGS #12, Russia, 22­27 August 2005 PROCEEDINGS Edited by Vladilen E. Kipyatkov St. Petersburg 2005 #12;3 Table

Rasmont, Pierre

445

FREQUENT BASALTIC PLINIAN ERUPTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF CHIKURACHKI VOLCANO, KURILE ISLANDS, RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FREQUENT BASALTIC PLINIAN ERUPTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF CHIKURACHKI VOLCANO, KURILE ISLANDS, RUSSIA, Petropavlovsk- Kamchatsky, Russia; belousov@mail.ru. (2) - GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany. Chikurachki is a young, active

Belousov, Alexander

446

Chaos and Cossacks, two fatal vendettas : the invasions of Russia in 1708 and 1812  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: There were two invasions of Russia by foreign powers in the early eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Charles XII of Sweden entered Russia in 1708 and was destroyed in battle outside Poltava in 1709. Napoleon ...

Hollander, Samuel, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Culture and History Matter: Russia's Search for Identity after the Fall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maria Carlson, professor and associate chair of Slavic Languages and Literatures at KU, presented the lecture “Culture and History Matter: Russia’s Search for Identity After the Fall” as the 2007 KU faculty speaker in the Hall Center Humanities...

Carlson, Maria

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

448

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads Arrives in United States and Will Be Used for U.S. Electricity Under U.S.-Russia...

449

Analysis of dynamics of public and private expenditures on health care and education in contemporary Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides an estimate of the dynamics in expenditures on health care and education made from all sources in Russia in the 1995–2012 and viewed as investments in human capital. These data from Russia ...

V. N. Ivanov; A. V. Suvorov; E. E. Balashova…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

PEPSICO Fellowships for Research Travel in Russia, Eurasia, and East Central Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEPSICO Fellowships for Research Travel in Russia, Eurasia, and East Central Europe Pepsi to Russia, Eurasia, and East Central Europe, for the purposes of conducting research. In exceptional cases

Qian, Ning

451

Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

(GNEP) and nuclear energy cooperation. The People's Republic of China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States issued the Joint Statement, which addresses the prospects for...

452

Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman next week will travel to Moscow, Russia; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Kiev, Ukraine, where he will hold discussions with senior...

453

Woodland owners' attitudes towards energy from forest biomass in a carbon-intensive jurisdiction: Case study of Nova Scotia, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of forest biomass in thermal generation processes has been recognized by the Government of Nova Scotia (NS) as one option that could help meet its renewable electricity goals (25% by 2015 and 40% by 2020). Over half of the woodland in NS is owned by small-private woodland owners (51%), indicating that they could significantly influence the future of NS forests and its potential use for energy purposes. This paper presents the results of a survey of small-woodland owners on their attitudes towards using energy from forest biomass. 489 small-woodland owners responded to mail-out surveys and 14 rural community members participated in three focus groups. Three major findings emerged. First, it was found that the acceptability of using forest products varied depending on multiple factors – the source of biomass, harvesting methods, and [predicted] end-use. Second, forest sustainability and keeping resources local were the two most important concerns amongst respondents. Finally, respondents felt that better collaboration with other stakeholders and education around the issues would be the best strategies for overcoming these concerns. The paper also highlights the barriers and drivers as perceived by the woodland owners as they relate to the possibility of using more biomass for energy in the future.

Margo MacGregor; Michelle Adams; Peter Duinker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Gaining competitiveness through trust: the experience of Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper seeks to reveal the potential of the concept of national competitiveness as a practical analytical tool. The paper offers suggestions on how research on national competitiveness can contribute to setting targets for socio-economic agenda in transition economies with special focus on Russia. We start by stressing the importance of the institutional context as an element of national competitiveness and then concentrate on generalised trust. We analyse the situation with generalised trust in modern Russia and suggest that the development of corporate social responsibility is the most credible remedy for the deficiency of trust and, eventually, to competitiveness, in the short term.

Andrei Kuznetsov; Olga Kuznetsova

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

CANADA RUSSIA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES Building / Launching / Operating first ever high definition,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CANADA · RUSSIA · UNITED KINGDOM · UNITED STATES 1 #12;2 Building / Launching / Operating first

456

Field evidence in the Koryak Mountains Lake Mainitz region of far eastern Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Field evidence in the Koryak Mountains­ Lake Mainitz region of far eastern Russia supports

IngĂłlfsson, Ă?lafur

457

Proceedings of EUROCRYPT '06 (May 28June 1, 2006, Saint Petersburg, Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of EUROCRYPT '06 (May 28­June 1, 2006, Saint Petersburg, Russia) S. Vaudenay (Ed.), vol

Nguyen, Phong Q.

458

Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Russia: Threats of "Chinese Invasion" or Fears of Russian Xenophobia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ruoxi Du Laird Essay Competition 2012 Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Russia: Threats of “Chinese Invasion” or Fears of Russian Xenophobia Try googling the keywords “Russian Far East” and “China” (“Dal’nii vostok” and “Kitai”), and you... East” (Express Gazeta). Results from English sources are similar, where typical titles include “China Looms over the Russian Far East” (The Diplomat) and “Russia’s Far East Turning Chinese” (ABC News). Indeed, Russia has all kinds of reasons...

Du, Ruoxi

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

459

School Nanophysics&Nanoelectronics June 12-19, 2012, Chernogolovka, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

c School «Nanophysics&Nanoelectronics» June 12-19, 2012, Chernogolovka, Russia http://school12.itp

Fominov, Yakov

460

Equation-of-state properties of high-energy-density matter using intense heavy ion beams with an annular focal spot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents two-dimensional numerical simulations of the hydrodynamic response of solid as well as hollow cylindrical targets made of lead that are irradiated by an intense beam of uranium ions which has an annular focal spot. Using a particle tracking computer code, it has been shown that a plasma lens can generate such a beam with parameters used in the calculations presented in this paper. The total number of particles in the beam is 2Ś1011 and the particle energy is about 200 MeV/u that means a total energy of approximately 1.5 kJ. This energy is delivered in a pulse that is 50 ns long. These beam parameters lead to a specific energy deposition of 50–100 kJ/g and a specific power deposition of 1–2 TW/g in solid matter. These calculations show that in case of the solid lead cylinder, it may be possible to achieve more than 4 times solid lead density along the cylinder axis at the time of maximum compression. The pressure in the compressed region is about 20 Mbar and the temperature is a few eV. In the case of a hollow cylinder, one also achieves the same degree of compression but now the temperature in the compressed region is much higher (over 10 eV). Such samples of highly compressed matter can be used to study the equation-of-state properties of high-energy-density matter. It is expected that by the end of the year 2001, after completion of the upgrade of the existing facilities, the above beam parameters will be available at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt. This will open up the possibility to carry out very interesting experiments on a number of important problems including the investigation of the EOS of high-energy-density matter.

N. A. Tahir, D. H. H. Hoffmann, A. Kozyreva, A. Shutov, J. A. Maruhn, U. Neuner, A. Tauschwitz, P. Spiller, and R. Bock

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Origin of Reflection High-Energy Electron-Diffraction Intensity Oscillations during Molecular-Beam Epitaxy: A Computational Modeling Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temporal oscillations in the specular beam of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) provide the primary method of monitoring growth by molecular-beam epitaxy. We develop a model to investigate the origin of these oscillations with which, by monitoring the step density of a growing sample, we are able to reproduce all of the principal features of recent RHEED measurements. Our work demonstrates the considerable advantages in adoption of simple monatomic growth models instead of the complex models used for studying the growth of compound semiconductors.

Shaun Clarke and Dimitri D. Vvedensky

1987-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

462

List of Participants 1. Dmitry L. ABRAROV (Computing Center of Academy of Science, Moscow, RUSSIA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

List of Participants 1. Dmitry L. ABRAROV (Computing Center of Academy of Science, Moscow, RUSSIA, RUSSIA) e-mail: bogoslov@theory.sinp.msu.ru #12;10 26. Andrey BONDARENKO (Kyiv Taras Shevchenko and Fundamental Metrology, VNIIMS, Moscow, RUSSIA) e-mail: kb@rgs.mccme.ru 31. Paolo BUDINICH (International

Popovych, Roman

463

C measurements and macrofossil analyses of a varved sequence near Pudozh, eastern Karelia, NW Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, NW Russia BARBARA WOHLFARTH, OLE BENNIKE, LARS BRUNNBERG, IGOR DEMIDOV, GOš RAN POSSNERT AND SERGEI Russia. Boreas, Vol. 29, pp. 575­586. Oslo. ISSN 0300-9483. The laminated sediments at Pudozh in eastern Academy of Sciences, Pushkinskaya str. 11, RU-185610 Petrozavodsk, Russia Reconstruction of the timing

Wohlfarth, Barbara

464

Computers & Graphics 24 (2000) 91}98 Computer graphics in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computers & Graphics 24 (2000) 91}98 Computer graphics in Russia Lossless compression of large), a project between Fin- land, Sweden, Norway and Russia, and GIS-Sever project, spanning the border between Finland and Russia. The objective of the projects is to produce uniform geo- graphic information that can

Joensuu, University of

465

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empire, Religious Freedom, and the Legal Regulation of "Mixed" Marriages in Russia* Paul W. Werth. Petersburg, Russia); LVIA Lietuvos Valstybes Istorijos Archyvas (Vilnius, Lithuania). 1 Highlighting only, Converging Worlds: Religion and Community in Peasant Russia, 1861­1917 (DeKalb, IL, 2003); Valerie Kivelson

Ahmad, Sajjad

466

Holocene Paleohydrology and Paleoclimate at Treeline, North-Central Russia, Inferred from Oxygen Isotope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Holocene Paleohydrology and Paleoclimate at Treeline, North-Central Russia, Inferred from Oxygen Institute for Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetny Pereulok 29, Moscow 109017, Russia, 1998 Lake-water oxygen-isotope histories for three lakes in northern Russia, derived from the cellulose

Edwards, Thomas W.D.

467

March 25, 2010 Electoral Politics in Russia: Are Citizens Speaking Up?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 25, 2010 Electoral Politics in Russia: Are Citizens Speaking Up? On February 25, 2010, two Federation. Russia is a managed democracy; competitive elections exist, but only in certain spheres, and with strict state regulation. There are four dominant parties: the United Russia Party, the Communist Party

Qian, Ning

468

Tetrapod localities from the Triassic of the SE of European Russia Valentin P. Tverdokhlebova  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tetrapod localities from the Triassic of the SE of European Russia Valentin P. Tverdokhlebova State University, Ulitsa Moskovskaya, 161, Saratov 410075, Russia b Department of Earth Sciences of the southern Urals area of European Russia. The first sites were found in the 1940s, and subsequent surveys

Benton, Michael

469

LYSTROSAURUS GEORGI, A DICYNODONT FROM THE LOWER TRIASSIC OF RUSSIA MIKHAIL V. SURKOV1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LYSTROSAURUS GEORGI, A DICYNODONT FROM THE LOWER TRIASSIC OF RUSSIA MIKHAIL V. SURKOV1 , NIKOLAS N Saratov, Russia, SurkovMV@info.sgu.ru 2 Paleontologicheskii Institut, Profsoyuznaya 123, 117647 Moscow, Russia. 3 Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, U.K., mike

Benton, Michael

470

Asian Forum for Accelerators and Detectors 25 -26 February, 2013, Budker INP, Novosibirsk, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Russia 4th Asian Forum for Accelerators and Detectors (AFAD'13) will be hosted by Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia, from February 25 to February 26, 2013. AFAD is the new name INP SB RAS, Lavrentiev av. 11, Novosibirsk 630090 Russia Meeting Web-site: http

471

Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia Valentin P,* a Geological Institute of Saratov University, Ulitsa Moskovskaya, 161, Saratov 410075, Russia b Department in the Upper Permian of the Southern Urals area of European Russia. The first sites were found in the 1940s

Benton, Michael

472

ACM ICPC 2014-2015, Moscow Subregional Russia, Moscow, October 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACM ICPC 2014-2015, Moscow Subregional Russia, Moscow, October 2014 Problem A. Advanced 2048 Input Subregional Russia, Moscow, October 2014 Examples standard input standard output 6 5 2 1 2 2 1 3 4 1 5 4 1 6 2 #12;ACM ICPC 2014-2015, Moscow Subregional Russia, Moscow, October 2014 Problem B. Bring Your Own

Kaplan, Alexander

473

~ Yale's Russian Maps Soon afcer I arrived in western Russia last summer to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ Yale's Russian Maps Soon afcer I arrived in western Russia last summer to write an article preserva- tion, among my most valuable resources were my Yale maps of Russia. Weeks earlier, Yale's Map of Russia, the maps would cover a floor larger than a basketball court. At a scale of 1 : 2

474

Criminal Justice in Moscow, Russia Class: CJA 496 -Comparative Russian Criminal Justice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Criminal Justice in Moscow, Russia Class: CJA 496 - Comparative Russian Criminal Justice Class information about the CJ program in Russia please go to the SDSU College of Extended Studies Website Students beautiful structures in Russia and at the same time, learned about the Rus- sian Criminal Justice System

Ponce, V. Miguel

475

Marginal formations of the last Kara and Barents ice sheets in northern European Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marginal formations of the last Kara and Barents ice sheets in northern European Russia VALERY I): Marginal formations of the last Kara and Barents ice sheets in northern European Russia. Boreas, Vol. 28, pp. 23­45. Oslo. ISSN 0300-9483. Glacial landforms in northern Russia, from the Timan Ridge

IngĂłlfsson, Ă?lafur

476

Carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of the Middle Riphean type section (Avzyan Formation, Southern Urals, Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Urals, Russia): Signal recovery in a fold-and-thrust belt Julie K. Bartley a,, Linda C. Kah b , Julie L The Avzyan Formation of the southern Ural Mountains, Russia, forms part of the Middle Riphean (1300­1000 Ma Mesoproterozoic age. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Mesoproterozoic; Russia; Urals; Carbonate

Perfect, Ed

477

Climate and environment on the Karelian Isthmus, northwestern Russia, 130009000 cal. yrs BP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate and environment on the Karelian Isthmus, northwestern Russia, 13000­9000 cal. yrs BP DMITRY. I. 2002 (March): Climate and environment on the Karelian Isthmus, northwes- tern Russia, 13000 Russia, were analysed for lithology, pollen and diatom stratigraphy, total organic carbon content

Wohlfarth, Barbara

478

February 21, 2011 Declaring Mother's Day in Russia: Laws and Decrees in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 21, 2011 Declaring Mother's Day in Russia: Laws and Decrees in a Super-Presidential System-making in Russia--a relationship that embodies the balance of power between the executive and legislative branches, but a symptom of the failure to establish democracy in Russia. "Certainly its the case that among post

Qian, Ning

479

Last Interglacial marine environments in the White Sea region, northwestern Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Last Interglacial marine environments in the White Sea region, northwestern Russia KARI GR�SFJELD, northwestern Russia. Boreas, Vol. 35, pp. 493Á520. Oslo. ISSN 0300-9483. Marine sediments from river sections in the Mezen River drainage, northwest Russia, have been analysed for dinoflagellate cysts, foraminifers

IngĂłlfsson, Ă?lafur

480

January 27, 2010 The Rule of Law and Human Rights in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 27, 2010 The Rule of Law and Human Rights in Russia: Karinna Moskalenko at the Harriman of the International Protection Center, who discussed the rule of law and human rights in Russia at the Harriman authorities know this. With the European Court we can still have hope, even in hopeless cases." In Russia

Qian, Ning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "russia energy intensity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

III JOINT SYMPOSIUM OF TAIWAN-RUSSIA RESEARCH COOPERATION ON ADVANCED PROBLEMS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.. III - « , » III JOINT SYMPOSIUM OF TAIWAN-RUSSIA RESEARCH: Institute of Mechanics, LMSU, Moscow, Russia Dates: November 0712, 2012 Sponsors: National Science Council, Taiwan Institute of Mechanics, LMSU, Moscow, Russia 2012 #12; 531/534 22.2 63

Kaplan, Alexander

482

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geochemical data are used

Amato, Jeff

483

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geo-chemical data are used

Toro, Jaime

484

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface temperature trends in Russia over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole in Russia and nearby areas to reconstruct the ground surface temperature history (GSTH) over the past five Siberia. We derive GSTHs for each region individually, and a composite ``all-Russia'' GSTH from the full

Smerdon, Jason E.

485

"zwu0247" --2005/3/7 --page 1 --#1 WHO ARE RUSSIA'S ENTREPRENEURS?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WHO ARE RUSSIA'S ENTREPRENEURS? Simeon Djankov World Bank Edward Miguel UC Berkeley Yingyi Qian UC,000 interviews from a pilot study in Russia, we find evidence that the three sets of variables matter set that is being collected in five developing and transition countries: Russia, Brazil,

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

486

Presidential Address 2007: The end-Permian mass extinction events on land in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presidential Address 2007: The end-Permian mass extinction ­ events on land in Russia Michael J. Benton BENTON, M. J. 2008. The end-Permian mass extinction ­ events on land in Russia. Proceedings. Field work in Russia over the past decade has shown evidence for massive erosion at the boundary

Benton, Michael

487

Late glacial and Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the Rostov-Yaroslavl' area, West Central Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russia Barbara Wohlfarth1, *, Pavel Tarasov2 , Ole Bennike3 , Terri Lacourse1 , Dmitry Subetto4 , Peter of Sciences, Sevastyanova 9, RU-196105 St. Petersburg, Russia; 5 Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Thaw lake, West central Russia Abstract Three lake sediment sequences (lakes Nero, Chashnitsy, Zaozer

Wohlfarth, Barbara

488

Evidence for kill-butchery events of early Upper Paleolithic age at Kostenki, Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for kill-butchery events of early Upper Paleolithic age at Kostenki, Russia John F, Universitetskaya nab., 1, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia c Institute of the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, Dvortsovaya nab., 18, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russia d Kostenki Museum-Preserve, ul

Holliday, Vance T.

489

ORIGINAL PAPER Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USA, and Canada: baselines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Arctic fisheries catches in Russia, USA, and Canada: baselines for neglected northern Siberia (Russia), Arctic Alaska (USA), and the Canadian Arctic, extends over seven coastal Large.e., 770,000, 89,000, and 94,000 t by Russia, USA, and Canada, respectively for the same time period

Pauly, Daniel

490

Founder mutations in early-onset, familial and bilateral breast cancer patients from Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...bilateral breast cancer patients from Russia Aglaya Iyevleva Anna Sokolenko Maxim Rozanov...breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. The purpose of this investigation was...in 302 BC cases (St.-Petersburg, Russia), which were selected due to the presence...

Aglaya Iyevleva; Anna Sokolenko; Maxim Rozanov; Natalia Mitiushkina; Natalia Sherina; Elena Chekmariova; Konstantin Buslov; Evgeny Shilov; Alexandr Togo; Elena Bit-Sava; Dmitry Voskresenskiy; Oleg Chagunava; Peter Devilee; Cees Cornelisse; Vladimir Semiglazov; Evgeny Imyanitov

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Grasshopper Problems in Yacutia (Eastern Siberia, Russia) Grasslands Alexandre V. Latchininsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grasshopper Problems in Yacutia (Eastern Siberia, Russia) Grasslands Alexandre V. Latchininsky-34 Grasshopper Problems in Yacutia (EasternSiberia, Russia) Grasslands All-Russian Institute for Plant Protectron-Tsarskoe Selo, (Pushkln),189620RUSSIA ABSTRACT.-The zone of natural Yacutia grasslands is situated between 60

Latchininsky, Alexandre

492

The last Scandinavian Ice Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow patterns and decay dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F The last Scandinavian Ice Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow Sheet in northwestern Russia: ice flow patterns and decay dynamics. Boreas, Vol. 35, pp. xxxÁxxx. Oslo) in northwestern Russia took place after a period of periglacial conditions. Till of the last SIS, Bobrovo till

IngĂłlfsson, Ă?lafur

493

Surface structure of coadsorbed benzene and carbon monoxide on the rhodium(111) single crystal analyzed with low-energy electron diffraction intensities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first structural analysis of a molecular coadsorbate system is presented. Mutual reordering and site shifting are found to occur for benzene and CO coadsorbed in a (/sub 13//sup 31/) lattice on Rh(111). This low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) intensity analysis yields the first confirmed hollow-site adsorption of CO on a single-crystal metal surface, with a C-O bond length expanded by 0.06 +/- 0.05 A from the gas phase. The flat-lying benzene is found centered over hcp-type hollow sites with a strong Kekule-type distortion: C-C bond lengths alternate between 1.33 +/- 0.15 A (hydrogen positions were not determined). This suggests the possibility of a 1,3,5-cyclohexatriene species being formed. The Rh-C bond length is 2.35 +/- 0.05 A for benzene and 2.16 +/- 0.04 A for CO.

Van Hove, M.A.; Lin, R.F.; Somorjai, G.A.

1986-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

494

Measured commercial load shapes and energy-use intensities and validation of the LBL end-use disaggregation algorithm. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) has conducted an extensive metering project in which electricity end use in 53 commercial buildings in Southern California has been measured. The building types monitored include offices, retail stores, groceries, restaurants, and warehouses. One year (June 1989 through May 1990) of the SCE measured hourly end-use data are reviewed in this report. Annual whole-building and end-use energy use intensities (EUIs) and monthly load shapes (LSs) have been calculated for the different building types based on the monitored data. This report compares the monitored buildings` EUIs and LSs to EUIs and LSs determined using whole-building load data and the End-Use Disaggregation Algorithm (EDA). Two sets of EDA determined EUIs and LSs are compared to the monitored data values. The data sets represent: (1) average buildings in the SCE service territory and (2) specific buildings that were monitored.

Akbari, H.; Rainer, L.; Heinemeier, K.; Huang, J.; Franconi, E.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Compression and acceleration of electron bunches to high energies in the interference field of intense laser pulses with tilted amplitude fronts: concept and modelling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept of accelerating electrons by laser radiation is proposed, namely, direct acceleration by a laser field under the conditions of interference of several relativistic-intensity laser pulses with amplitude fronts tilted by the angle 45 Degree-Sign with respect to the phase fronts. Due to such interference the traps moving with the speed of light arise that capture the electrons, produced in the process of ionisation of low-density gas by the same laser radiation. The modelling on the basis of solving the relativistic Newton equation with the appropriate Lorenz force shows that these traps, moving in space, successively collect electrons from the target, compress the resulting electron ensemble in all directions up to the dimensions smaller than the wavelength of the laser radiation and accelerate it up to the energies of the order of a few GeV per electron. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Korobkin, V V; Romanovsky, Mikhail Yu; Trofimov, V A; Shiryaev, O B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities in the PG&E service area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project represents a unique research effort to address the commercial sector end-use energy forecasting data needs of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and the California Energy Commission (CEC). The object of the project was to develop an updated set of commercial sector end-use energy use intensity (EUI) data that has been fully reconciled with measured data. The research was conducted in two stages. First, we developed reconciled electricity end-use EUIs and load shapes for each of the 11 building types in the inland and coastal regions of the PG&E service territory using information collected in 1986. Second, we developed procedures to translate these results into a consistent set of commercial sector forecasting model inputs recognizing the separate modeling conventions used by PG&E and CEC. EUIs have been developed for: II commercial building types; up to 10 end uses; up to 3 fuel types; 2 and 5 subservice territory forecasting regions (as specified by the PG&E and CEC forecasting models, respectively); and up to 2 distinct vintages corresponding to the period prior to and immediately following the adoption of the first generation of California building and equipment standards. For the electricity end uses, 36 sets of daily load shapes have been developed representing average weekday, average weekend, and peak weekday electricity use for each month of the year by building type for both the inland and coastal climate zones.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Konopacki, S.; Afzal, A.; Heinemeier, K.; Rainer, L.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Russia says no: Power, status, and emotions in foreign policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since 2003, Russian foreign behavior has become much more assertive and volatile toward the West, often rejecting U.S. diplomatic initiatives and overreacting to perceived slights. This essay explains Russia's new assertiveness using social psychological hypotheses on the relationship between power, status, and emotions. Denial of respect to a state is humiliating. When a state loses status, the emotions experienced depend on the perceived cause of this loss. When a state perceives that others are responsible for its loss, it shows anger. The belief that others have unjustly used their power to deny the state its appropriate position arouses vengefulness. If a state believes that its loss of status is due to its own failure to live up to expectations, the elites will express shame. Since the end of the Cold War, Russia has displayed anger at the U.S. unwillingness to grant it the status to which it believes it is entitled, especially during the 2008 Russo-Georgian War, and most recently Russia's takeover of Crimea and the 2014 Ukrainian Crisis. We can also see elements of vengefulness in Russia's reaction to recognition of Kosovo, U.S. missile defense plans, the Magnitsky act, and the Snowden affair.

Deborah Welch Larson; Alexei Shevchenko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Development of a system for academic training of the personnel engaged in nuclear material protection, control and accounting in Russia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main attention in the present paper is focused on discussing the educational problems in the area of nuclear materials physical protection, control and accountability (MPC&A) in Russia. Currently, only the Master of Science Graduate Program has been completely developed for students training. This is taking place at Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University, MEPhI), where the sixth generation of Masters has graduated in May 2004. The MPC&A Engineer Degree Program, currently under development at MEPhI, is considered in the paper. This paper discusses specific features of the Engineer Degree training required by the Russian educational legislation and the Russian quality control system as applied to the training process. The paper summarises the main joint actions undertaken during the past three years by MEPhI in collaboration with the US Department of Energy and US National Laboratories for developing the MPC&A Engineer Degree Program in Russia.

Boris N. Onykiy; Eduard F. Kryuchkov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for solving radiation transport equations using adaptivity in energy. Because the computational cost of a transport solution is roughly proportional to the number of energy groups used, minimizing the number of groups is desirable. However, energy discretizations of the transport equation necessarily approximate both material properties (opacities) and radiation spectra, so that the solution depends on the energy discretization. In addition, the solution may be sensitive to diff erent spectral ranges in diff erent regions of the domain. Adaptive techniques have the potential to address this issue, as well as to increase the accuracy and/or decrease the cost of a solution. This study addressed the need for increased effi ciency by developing a numerical method using energy adaptivity.

500

ISSN 1054-660X, Laser Physics, 2007, Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 10071016. MAIK "Nauka /Interperiodica" (Russia), 2007.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Interperiodica" (Russia), 2007. Original Text © Astro, Ltd., 2007. 1. INTRODUCTION Interaction of light

Weinfurter, Harald