National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for rural sub-saharan africa

  1. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  2. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    bioforti?ed crops in South Africa. ” AgBioForum, 10(3), 184–blog/ 2010/jun/21/agriculture-africa. [6] Borlaug, Norman. “Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling [11

  3. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Commercial Application of GMO Crops in Africa: Burkina Faso’Sub- Saharan Africa [ 11]. GMO crops like Bt cotton provideof the key problems of the GMO movement is the privatization

  4. The potential impact of male circumcision on HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    controlled trials in Africa of HIV and AIDS: DescriptiveHIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review andepidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: Introduction. AIDS 15: S1–

  5. Energy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COOPENER programme #12;Development and Energy in Africa (DEA) · Most energy projects monitor and evaluate reductionHealth Solar Water Heater Women Renewable EnergyProject RemarksSubstantiation Case Study findingsEnergy and Development: Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa Gordon Mackenzie Energy Programme

  6. Promoting Blood Donation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Role of Culture and Interventions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appiah, Bernard

    2013-12-13

    Inadequate blood donation is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the influence of culture and communication on blood donation in Sub-Saharan Africa, with particular focus on Ghana. The literature...

  7. Greenhouse gas emissions in Sub-Saharan Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.L.; Perlack, R.D.; Prasad, A.M.G.; Ranney, J.W.; Waddle, D.B.

    1990-11-01

    Current and future carbon emissions from land-use change and energy consumption were analyzed for Sub-Saharan Africa. The energy sector analysis was based on UN energy data tapes while the land-use analysis was based on a spatially-explicit land-use model developed specifically for this project. The impacts of different energy and land-use strategies on future carbon emissions were considered. (A review of anthropogenic emissions of methane, nitrous oxides, and chlorofluorocarbons in Sub-Saharan Africa indicated that they were probably minor in both a global and a regional context. The study therefore was focused on emissions of carbon dioxide.) The land-use model predicts carbon emissions from land use change and the amount of carbon stored in vegetation (carbon inventory) on a yearly basis between 1985 and 2001. Emissions and inventory are modeled at 9000 regularly-spaced point locations in Sub-Saharan Africa using location-specific information on vegetation type, soils, climate and deforestation. Vegetation, soils, and climate information were derived from continental-scale maps while relative deforestation rates(% of forest land lost each year) were developed from country-specific forest and deforestation statistics (FAO Tropical Forest Resources Assessment for Africa, 1980). The carbon emissions under different land use strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa were analyzed by modifying deforestation rates and altering the amount of carbon stored under different land uses. The considered strategies were: preservation of existing forests, implementation of agroforestry, and establishment of industrial tree plantations. 82 refs., 16 figs., 25 tabs.

  8. Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stringfellow, Catherine V.

    Using HCI Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas Guidelines to Foster Technological Advancement in Sub-Saharan Africa Jamie Thomas, Midwestern State-Saharan Africa (excluding the region of Southern Africa). There are countless obstacles in the way

  9. Geographic distribution and ecological niche of plague in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neerinckx, Simon B.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Gulinck, Hubert; Deckers, Jozef; Leirs, Herwig

    2008-10-23

    the potential geographic distribution of plague and its ecological requirements across Africa. Results: We predict a broad potential distributional area of plague occurrences across sub- Saharan Africa. General tests of model's transferability suggest that our...

  10. A planning paradigm for electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa : a case study of Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimson, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, a lack of clean electricity generation sources, poor electricity access and low levels of electricity consumption are profoundly stifling sustainable development. This thesis presents a specialized ...

  11. BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT AND LARGE-SCALE LAND DEALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA GIORGIA GIOVANNETTI European.giovannetti@unifi.it ELISA TICCI University of Siena, ticci4@unisi.it Abstract Africa's biofuel potential over the last ten specifications. Key words: biofuels, land acquisitions, Poisson regression, Africa. JEL Codes: O13, F21, N57, Q24

  12. CONSEQUENCES OF PARTY SYSTEM INSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartlett, Susan

    2014-12-31

    served as the independent variable in a series of negative binomial statistical models that tested its correlations with various levels of social conflict, all of which fall short of war. I found that in a sample of thirty sub-Saharan states from... the propensity for African sub-state conflict? I posit that the level of party system institutionalization has a direct effect upon the level of intrastate conflict that a developing nation experiences. Before testing this theory, I highlight why political...

  13. Constraints and solutions to pastoral production and development programs in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelle, Khalid Ahmed

    1991-01-01

    ~ ~~7~ f Q g. g ~ eg ~eW Pfg yy CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS TO PASTORAL PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A Professional Paper by KHALID AHMED GELLE Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE (NON-THESIS) AUGUST 1991 Major Subject: Range Science CONSTRAINTS AND SOLUTIONS TO PASTORAL PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A...

  14. Urban-bias and the Roots of Political Instability: The case for the strategic importance of the rural periphery in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinowitz, Beth Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Changing Rural-urban Linkages in Mali, Nigeria and Tanzania.the Nation and Democracy in Mali: A View from Modibo Keita'sand the Party System in Mali. The Journal of Modern African

  15. New Challenges to Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indzembi, Franck Corentin

    2013-12-31

    /001922/192216e.pdf. 9 its volume due to global warming since 1912 and 33% of this loss in the past two decades.13 This change has severely affected the amount of water runoff in rivers and irrigation channels available to agricultural farming on the slopes.... They also need to integrate some elements of the dual system of water rights prevalent in many Sub-Saharan countries in their water management agendas, and put in place institutions that run effective water policies in order to ensure the sustainability...

  16. Women: the key to successful development policies for subsistence agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Kathie Elaine

    1971-01-01

    fulfillment of the requirement for the deSree of IIASTER OF SCIERCE December 1971 Major Subject: Economics NOMEN: THE KEY TO SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES FOR SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA A Thesis KATHIE ELAINE RYAN Approved... Africa 10 Western. Afric- Southern Africa 12 Need for Fzpanded Stu. dy Overall Economic Efficiency 13 18 II. THE SITUAT ON IN AGRICULTURE 21 Nature of Subsistence Agriculture Traditional Production Practices 21 23 Traditional Roles 26...

  17. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    resources like Gabon, Nigeria, and Angola, biomass constitutes the majority of national energy consumption-SAHARAN AFRICA Robert Bailis1 , David Pennise2 , Majid Ezzati3 , Daniel M. Kammen1,4 , Evans Kituyi5 1 Energy & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  18. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Austria b International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria c The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana dDiscussion Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan, Austria f KTH Technical University, Stockholm, Sweden g African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia h

  19. The appropriateness of GM crops for Sub-Saharan Africa: an assessment of current evidence (with special reference to cassava in Nigeria) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoof, Eva

    2011-11-23

    It is broadly accepted that agricultural growth is essential for Sub-Saharan Africa‘s development, in support of economic growth and a structural transformation of the economy towards industrialization, food security and ...

  20. Farm level technology assessment in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study in Mali 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, Paul A.

    1999-01-01

    of alternative technology assumptions. To achieve this objective the adoption of two improved varieties of sorghum (N'Tenimissa and Seguetana) in the Sub-Saharan nation of Mali was analyzed using a whole farm simulation model, the Technology Impact Evaluation...

  1. Ethnic fractionalization and Sub-Saharan violence, 1970-1996.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seale, Josiah (Josiah Q.)

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the statistical correlations between metrics of ethnic fractionalization and categories of violence in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1970 to 1995. By examining these correlations both prior to and after ...

  2. Biodiversity Conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case Study of the African Dwarf Crocodiles (Osteolaemus Spp.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smolensky, Nicole Limunga

    2014-11-20

    Overexploitation of wildlife is a leading threat to biodiversity in tropical Africa. Effective management requires integrating information on the extent of exploitation, distribution, and status of exploited species. I ...

  3. Energy access scenarios to 2030 for the power sector in sub-Saharan Africa Morgan Bazilian a,*, Patrick Nussbaumer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The World Bank, Washington DC, USA e International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxemberg Energy access Power system planning Electricity scenarios a b s t r a c t In order to reach a goal of universal access to modern energy services in Africa by 2030, consideration of various electricity sector

  4. Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarket StudiesStrategic Energy LLC Place:Resources

  5. Pursuing the Millennium Goals at the Grassroots: Selecting Development Projects Serving Rural Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Deborah K.; Chartier, Gary

    2006-01-01

    af- fected by development projects, and ensure the on-the-served by the projects and by development agencies lo- catedF. Grassroots Development Projects and the Millennium

  6. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    www.actionbioscience. org/biotech/borlaug.html? print. [7]news2.onlinenigeria.com/news/44405-BIOTECH-Devt-Expert-for Development Review. “Biotech in Nigeria: The Journey so

  7. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    13(4): [34] Vogl, Martin. “Mali Opposition Party DemandsMozambique, Ethiopia, and Mali. The primary buyers of theseentirely. For example, in Mali over 2 million acres of

  8. To Aid or Not to Aid? Competing Narratives on the Efficacy of Foreign Aid in Sub-Saharan African 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Kaleisha

    2011-08-08

    While the last half century gave rise to over a dozen developing nations whose economic expansion surpassed the growth rates of many industrialized economies, the same fifty years witnessed a majority of aid-dependent Sub-Saharan Africa suffer from...

  9. The Missing Connection: ICTs and Democracy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laverty, Alexander Ryan

    2012-01-01

    the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa to use digital tools toof Expression in Africa,” in Communicating Democracy: ThePromoting Democracy in Africa. ” Democratization 7, (2000):

  10. How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 of Interactive Arts and Technology1 Simon Fraser University 250-13450 102nd Avenue, Surrey BC, Canada [firstname research for sub-Saharan Africa has focused on how technology related interventions have aimed

  11. Generosity and America's Trade Relations with Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2006-01-01

    HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 133 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 134 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 135 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 136 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 137 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace... Int’l L. Rev. 138 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 139 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 140 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 141 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 142 2006 HeinOnline -- 18 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 143 2006 Hein...

  12. Sub-Saharan Africa-KITE Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) JumpandStereoNewCreekStrongsville,River,One Technology

  13. 5-star (by local norms) : group dynamics in a luxury Sub-Saharan resort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francioli, Stéphane P

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is a monograph about a Sub-Saharan 5-Star resort. It is based on 22 loosely structured ethnographic interviews, field notes, a series of artifacts and pictures, all collected during a 10-day field trip to the ...

  14. Inequality, Agricultural Production and Poverty: With Focus on Large-scale / Small-scale Sugarcane Farms in South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngepah, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    Sugarcane Farms in South Africa. Nicholas Ngepah UniversityIndustrial Research, South Africa This paper is posted atDevelopment in Sub-Saharan Africa," sponsored jointly by the

  15. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented in rural South Africa, with a special focus on electricity and telephone access. The micro data we analyse of the historically disadvantaged "deep rural" areas. In parallel to a doubled electricity access, we find a 14-fold

  16. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be held in Addis Ababa this June. The Ministerial supports President Obama's Power Africa initiative to double access to power in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the...

  17. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  18. Unlocking Africa's poverty trap : holistic approach to BOP investment in agribusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Elli

    2013-01-01

    This paper identifies subsistence farming as a significant opportunity for poverty reduction and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. By taking a holistic, standardized, and bundled approach, this paper proposes an ...

  19. The tobacco industry's activities to undermine tobacco control efforts in Egypt and North Africa, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01

    2025048141. PM 2025048147. Egypt Law 52. 13 November 1981.Type A priorities for Egypt, North Africa and Sub-SaharanPM 2501066214. PM 2025840642. Egypt Area V5-Year Plan, 1981–

  20. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  1. Investigation of I-WASH's community-led total sanitation and alternative decentralized sanitation models in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Questad, Adam (Adam David)

    2012-01-01

    2.5 billion people worldwide do not have access to improved sanitation and Sub-Saharan Africa is not on track to meet the MDG sanitation target. As of 2010, Ghana has achieved 14% national improved sanitation coverage and ...

  2. World Bank-Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:Wizard Power PtyOhio:Doing Business Reports Jump| Open

  3. Examining causes of poverty in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Garnett Murphy, II

    2009-06-02

    staggering: Niger (85.3 percent), Rwanda (84.6 percent), the Central African Republic (84.0 percent), Mali (90.6 percent), and Zambia (87.4 percent) (see World Bank Development Report, 2000/2001, Box 1.2, p. 17 and Table 4, pp. 280 - 281). Recently, a new... in the region have become net importers of food commodities? (Ehui and Pender 2005, p. 225). Other possible causes include factors such as low population density, which possibly leads to higher costs of transport, poor market integration, high natural...

  4. AERC Conference on Agriculture for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Introduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Janvry, Alain

    2009-01-01

    0900 Issued in July 2009 AERC Conference on Agriculture forpresented at the May 2009 Conference on “Agriculture forAlain de Janvry. (2009). AERC Conference on Agriculture for

  5. AERC Conference on Agriculture for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Introduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Janvry, Alain

    2009-01-01

    imported rice and local millet, Mali and Senegal Figure 12.imported foods (such as rice in Mali and Senegal as seen invariability (such as millet in Mali and Senegal as seen in

  6. Policy and Financing for Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono SolarPlexus SolMatters Ohio Jump to:|

  7. Smart and Just Grids: Opportunities for Sub-Saharan Africa | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbH JumpSlough Heat and PowerSmallfoot,Storage Pty

  8. Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Medieval/Africa The Trans-Saharan World, 500-1700 A symposium exploring the complex institutional, cultural, and religious relation- ships tying the societies of sub-Saharan Africa to one another for Humanities in Africa Reception to follow in the Braun Room of Andover Hall Friday, 6 February CGIS S010 (the

  9. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy products. The goal of this initiative is to enhance quality of life and reduce poverty in rural areas of that region by offering an alternative to current fossil fuel based...

  10. Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan African Universities: Recommendations and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barry, Boubakar; Chukwuma, Victor; Petitdidier, Monique; Cottrell, Les; Bartons, Charles; /Australian Natl. U., RSES

    2009-12-17

    The Digital Divide prevents Africa from taking advantages of new information technologies. One of the most urgent priorities is to bring the Internet in African Universities, Research, and Learning Centers to the level of other regions of the world. eGY-Africa, and the Sharing Knowledge Foundation are two bottom-up initiatives by scientists to secure better cyber-infrastructure and Internet facilities in Africa. Recommendations by the present scientific communities are being formulated at national, regional and international levels. The Internet capabilities are well documented at country level overall, but this is not the case at the University level. The snapshot of the Internet status in universities in 17 African countries, obtained by a questionnaire survey, is consistent with measures of Internet penetration in the corresponding country. The monitoring of Internet performance has been proposed to those African universities to provide an information base for arguing the need to improve the coverage for Africa. A pilot program is recommended that will start scientific collaboration with Europe in western Africa using ICT. The program will lay the foundations for the arrival of new technologies like Grids.

  11. Essays on the Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth and Welfare: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamara, Yusufu Unisa

    2014-05-31

    it was all over for me. Without their intervention I don’t know if I could be where I am today. I reserve a special thanks and acknowledgment to the late Alhaji Algassimu S. Jarr who not only advised me to follow the path that I am on but was always...

  12. Green Machines and Constructionism: The Rhetoric and Reality of One Laptop Per Child in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bamattre, Richard

    2014-01-01

    solar, are in development but are not currently being offered to schools, and would not be capable of providing power to

  13. Determinants of maternal health and health-seeking behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of quality of care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afulani, Patience Akelen-era

    2015-01-01

    Policy Plan 21(2):110–22. Maine, Deborah. 1981. FamilyJames,  and  Deborah  Maine.  1992.  “A  Framework  for  18. Thaddeus,  S. ,  and  D.  Maine.  1994.  “Too  Far  to  

  14. Analysis of Data Sources and Mapping Techniques for Generating Topographic Base Map in Sub Saharan Africa: Case of Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwedeza, Alice Janet Chiumia

    2011-11-23

    Topographic maps that are being used in Malawi today are out of date. Accurate, up-to-date, reliable, accessible, consistent and reusable spatial data is required to produce Geoinformation that support the nation with ...

  15. Modeling the profitability of power production from short-rotation woody crops in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    should focus on SRWC productivity and energy life cycle analysis. ª 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rightsModeling the profitability of power production from short-rotation woody crops in Sub, USA b UNIQUE Forestry and Land Use GmbH, Schnewlinstraße 10, 79098 Freiburg, Germany c Centre

  16. Determinants of maternal health and health-seeking behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of quality of care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afulani, Patience Akelen-era

    2015-01-01

    Ghana  Demographic  and  Health  Survey  2008.  Service,  Ghana  Health  Service;?  2009:41pp. ” Guildea,  medicine & international health: TM & IH Yanagisawa,  S. ,  

  17. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  18. Increasing Electricity Access in East Africa Solomon A. Asfaw, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Increasing Electricity Access in East Africa Solomon A. Asfaw, PhD The electricity consumption per of the population in Sub-Saharan countries without electricity access. However, in order to achieve development and educational services, expansion of efficient energy services, such as electricity, are expected to play

  19. The Development of Conceptions of the Right to Literacy in Traditional Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Kathryn Louise

    2010-01-01

    in post-apartheid South Africa: A panel study of KwaZulu-03/77). Cape Town, South Africa: University of Capetown,of the Republic of South Africa (1996). Retrieved April 13,

  20. Water Poverty in Sub-Saharan African nation: GIS based index for assessing vulnerability in relation to climate change data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trakosa, Anastasia

    2008-08-13

    Access to safe water is currently a privilege for the citizens of many developing countries in Asia and Africa. In the last few decades changes in climate have increased concentrations of greenhouse gasses. The results of global warming have had a...

  1. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    consumption in rural Africa. Proceedings Of The NationalHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation BiologyHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology

  2. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W.

    1999-03-29

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  3. Movement behaviour of traditionally managed cattle in the Eastern Province of Zambia: investigations using two-dimensional motion sensors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubaba, Caesar Himbayi

    2011-06-27

    behaviour of traditionally managed cattle in the context of improving animal health and production in rural sub-Saharan Africa. Improvements in animal health and production could be made if data can be automatically collected on large numbers of animals...

  4. Peanut oil press redesign for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Daipan

    2007-01-01

    One of the causes of malnutrition among the rural inhabitants of Sub-Saharan Africa is the high cost of dietary fats that are necessary to maintain normal body functions. Though the Food and Agriculture Organization of the ...

  5. Clinical tolerability of artesunate-amodiaquine versus comparator treatments for uncomplicated falciparum malaria: an individual-patient analysis of eight randomized controlled trials in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    of diarrhoea, vomiting, cough and weakness was lower withof patients * Incidence Anorexia Cough Diarrhoea Abdominalbetween treatment groups. Cough was the second most frequent

  6. Interactions between HIV infection and malaria in children living in sub-Saharan Africa in the era of widening access to improved interventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasasira, Anne Frances

    2010-01-01

    between ritonavir and quinine in healthy volunteersmalaria were treated with quinine. Laboratory methods. Thick87 DP treatments, and one quinine treatment. Baseline

  7. Efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-centre analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of Bamako, Bamako, Mali, 9 National Malaria ControlGabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Demo- cratic Republic ofCameroon, Madagascar, and Mali (1 site each) [4]. Three (

  8. Paternalism and Law: The micropolitics of farm workers’ evictions and rural activism in the Western Cape of South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, Pauline J

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the micro-politics of farm workers’ evictions. It documents farm workers’ narratives of the processes of eviction and displacement from farms in the Western Cape of South Africa. It analyses farm ...

  9. Areliving in Hoboken and changing the world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    capital financing and smart energy technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa. We are visionaries leveraging

  10. Comparing changes in haematologic parameters occurring in patients included in randomized controlled trials of artesunate-amodiaquine vs single and combination treatments of uncomplicated falciparum in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    AQ AS non-ACT Total AQ+SP Mali Uganda Rwanda ACT vs ACT andD0, D7, D14, D28 D0, D28 Mali Rwanda Rwanda Uganda D0, D14Kenya Madagascar maximum Mali-Bancouna Mali-Bougoula Rwanda-

  11. Health diplomacy and Adapting global health interventions to local needs: findings from project accept (HPTN 043), a community-based intervention to reduce HIV incidence in populations at risk in Sub-Saharan Africa and Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    local perceptions of inter- national development activities, including the approval and acceptancefrom local monks was essential to com- munity acceptance of

  12. The Story of Silanga School Exploring sustainability online and on site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    . The aim of the project has been to enable rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa to use advanced digital University, UK www.veselproject.net - - - UK Kenya The project VeSeL (Village e-Science for Life) is a re- search project, part of the Bridging the Global Digital Divide network sponsored by the Engi- neering

  13. Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions in Africa (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.; Bilello, D.; Renne, D.

    2008-10-01

    Approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and roughly 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels to meet their heating and cooking needs. Lack of access to and use of energy - or energy poverty - has been recognized as a barrier to reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other targeted efforts to improve health and quality of life. Reducing reliance on traditional biomass can substantially reduce indoor air pollution-related morbidity and mortality; increasing access to lighting and refrigeration can improve educational and economic opportunities. Though targeted electrification efforts have had success within Latin America and East Asia (reaching electrification rates above 85%), sub-Saharan Africa has maintained electrification rates below 25% (IEA 2004).

  14. Agricultural Productivity and Mortality: Evidence from Kagera, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikegami, Munenobu

    2009-01-01

    and seminar participants at “Agriculture for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa” or- ganized by African Economic Research

  15. Mother Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdulmelik, Nebila

    2009-01-01

    and strong LIVE LONG MOTHER AFRICA! About the author: NebilaMOTHER AFRICA Ailing pains that never seem to go awaydespite the strife Mother AFRICA Although they will burden

  16. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; Barry, B.; Chukwuma; Cottrell, R.L.; Kalim, U.; Mebrahtu, A.; Petitdidier, M.; Rabiu, B.; Reeves, C.; ,

    2010-06-16

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  17. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C. E.

    2010-05-25

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  18. A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    A revolution in ICT, the last hope for African Rural Communities' technology appropriation Gereon on the challenge of designing products suited to rural practices and conceptualizations in Southern Africa. To create a framework compatible with rural customs of information transfer and supportive of rural

  19. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , construction, and finance of which are related to land tenure, use, and planning. Africans need rural economic areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted

  20. VillageCell: Cost Effective Cellular Connectivity in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    of transportation infrastructure, high illiteracy levels, and migrant labor are some of the characteristics of rural communication tools, we con- ducted a survey of two villages in South Africa and Zambia. The specific villages

  1. Patent Bargains in NICs: The Case of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Bruno Meyerhof; Benoliel, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    in Sub-Saharan Africa. 100 In Brazil, the illiteracy rate isgeneric medicines sold in Brazil are manufactured locally.Essential Medicines in Brazil: Recent Regulation and Public

  2. Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking Development Falsification Award: 5000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie CentrumAfrica Studie Centrum Tracking-Saharan Africa: the primacy of policy', on the TD project website (www.trackingdevelopment.net) under the rubric

  3. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Clientelism and the Quality of Democracy in Africa . . . .Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  4. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  5. Rural Health Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana Rural Health Association Phone: 406-994-6004 Fax: 406-994-5653 E-mail: MRHA 170520 Bozeman, Montana 59717-0520 Montana Rural Health Association Membershipdesignation.Membershipisrenewedonan annualbasis.PleasemakecheckspayabletoMontanaRuralHealth

  6. MARKET ANALYSIS NATURE MEDICINE VOLUME 13 | NUMBER 3 | MARCH 2007 309

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    peoplewithTBlive in sub-Saharan Africa or Asia2,where spending on healthcare is low and access to drugs significantly in the late 1980s and 1990s, driven by cases in sub-Saharan Africa, but also by a resurgence in stimulating interest in TB R&D within the pharmaceutical indus- try. Most products in the TB pipeline

  7. In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Poverty in Nigeria Abstract Energy poverty is pervasive in sub-Saharan Africa. While there are different is that energy poverty is a state of deprivation of access to basic energy services required to alleviate poverty which in turn perpetuates extreme poverty. Nigeria, located in west sub-Saharan Africa, is the world

  8. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Rural Communities Agricultural lands in the United States are...

  9. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  10. U.S. and Mozambique Hold Bilateral Discussions on Prosperous...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will be held in Addis Ababa this June. The Ministerial supports President Obama's Power Africa initiative to double access to power in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as the...

  11. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(266) Contributor...

  12. Microgrids for Rural Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case studies Carnegie Mellon University University of California, Berkeley #12;B Microgrids for Rural Electrification Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case

  13. Centre for the Study of African Economies Department of Economics . University of Oxford . Manor Road Building . Oxford OX1 3UQ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    .enquiries@economics.ox.ac.uk . W: www.csae.ox.ac.uk 1 CSAE Working Paper WPS/2014 17 Growth, Inequality, and Poverty in Sub Saharan of income and inequality changes to poverty reduction for a large number of countries in sub Saharan Africa (SSA). The study begins by shedding light on SSA's progress on poverty. Next, it presents data on how

  14. Artful Adventures Arts of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Artful Adventures Arts of Africa #12;sculpture AfricA, one of the oldest inhabited areas on earth;Headrests Tsonga artist (South Africa or Mozambique), Double headrest with snuff containers (isigqiki), late Africa. People rested their heads on them to protect their elaborate hairstyles while they slept

  15. Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,Mereg GmbH JumpLLC JumpMissouriMiyiMockupsEnergy

  16. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9)askDoubleEERE -

  17. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure...

  18. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  19. Identification of malaria parasite-infected red blood cell aptamers by inertial microfluidics SELEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birch, Christina M. (Christina Marie)

    2015-01-01

    Malaria kills over 500,000 people annually, the majority of whom are children under five years old in sub-Saharan Africa. This disease is caused by several parasite species, of which Plasmodium falciparum is associated ...

  20. Prefabricated housing, a solution for Ghana's housing shortage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Essienyi, Evans K. (Evans Kofi)

    2011-01-01

    Sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing phenomenal population growth since the beginning of the 20th Century, following several centuries of population stagnation attributable to the slave trade and colonization. The ...

  1. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in the Maasai ecosystem of south-western Kenya: Evaluation of seroprevalence, risk factors and vaccine safety and efficacy. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mtui-Malamsha, Niwael Jesse

    2009-01-01

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a bovine bacterial disease of major economic importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Vaccination has been recommended to control the disease in endemic areas such as the Maasai ...

  2. Evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) genotypes for adaptation to low soil-phosphorus conditions and to rock phosphate application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahamane, Sabiou

    2009-05-15

    Cowpea (Vigna ungiculata L. Walp) is a major food and fodder legume in poor countries, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa countries. It is generally produced in sandy, acid soils, deficient in phosphorus (P) which severely ...

  3. Putting the press to the test : effects of temperature on Shea nut oil output

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tacoronte, Lisa Cristina

    2010-01-01

    In northern Ghana, part of a belt reaching from Sub-Saharan Africa to northern Uganda, women collect and process Shea nuts for their valuable oil. This oil is then used in various cosmetic, cooking, and medicinal products. ...

  4. Effect of voluntary counselling and testing and a negative HIV result on risk behaviour: a qualitative longitudinal study in a Zambian mining community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikasote, Janet Precious Banda

    2010-01-01

    Background: Countries in sub-Saharan Africa are scaling up access to Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) services as a strategy for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. The international and national push to ...

  5. The Bui Dam impact on Ghana-China relations : transparency, accountability and development outcomes from China's Sino Hydro Dam Project in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habia, James K

    2009-01-01

    The current Afro-Chinese relations on development projects in Sub Saharan Africa has come under a lot of scrutiny, with some experts in the South-to-South relationship discourse claiming the above short-gun-marriage will ...

  6. Chiefs: Elite Control of Civil Society and Economic Development in Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2012-12-29

    The lowest level of government in sub-Saharan Africa is often a cadre of chiefs who raise taxes, control the judicial system and allocate the most important scarce resource - land. Chiefs, empowered by colonial indirect ...

  7. Antigen-Displaying Lipid-Enveloped PLGA Nanoparticles as Delivery Agents for a Plasmodium vivax Malaria Vaccine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, James J.

    The parasite Plasmodium vivax is the most frequent cause of malaria outside of sub-Saharan Africa, but efforts to develop viable vaccines against P. vivax so far have been inadequate. We recently developed pathogen-mimicking ...

  8. Schedule of Spring Deadlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mentor Architecture and Urban Design 88S Musical Urbanism Ryan Conroy Jonathan R. Crisman Economics 88S) Literature of Sub-Saharan Africa Oluwakanyinsola Ajayi Françoise Lionnet German 88S Coming of Age

  9. 859Research Article Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engman, David M.

    , a fatal disease epidemic in much of sub-Saharan Africa (Welburn and Odiit, 2002). This organism and pellicular (cell body) domains. The cytoskeletal architecture of the trypanosome is well defined

  10. Interactions Amongst the Community of Endemic Pathogens of African Cattle: A Longitudinal Study in South East Uganda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tosas Auguet, Olga

    The work presented in this thesis is focused upon the community of endemic pathogens of African cattle in Sub-Saharan Africa, which has long constrained livestock production in these areas. The first aim of this work is ...

  11. 2010 - 07 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab and Jefferson Science Associates Bring First School of Physics to Sub-Saharan Africa Mon, 07262010 - 2:00pm Media Advisory - Jefferson Lab Hosts Summer Intern Science...

  12. Life extended : the intimate politics of the antiretroviral era in Northern Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingsley, Peter Alden

    2014-11-27

    For more than thirty years, the HIV pandemic has caused immense harm across sub-Saharan Africa. From the middle of the last decade, however, a treatment revolution has been underway, as effective antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) ...

  13. Peanut oil press for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Neera, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Despite the problems with obesity that the United States is facing today, malnutrition, caused in part by severely low dietary fat consumption, remains a problem among many people living in Sub-Saharan Africa. According ...

  14. Skills development, the enabling environment and informal micro-enterprise in Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Unemployment and underemployment, particularly among the youth, are serious concerns to governments across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Fifteen years on from the World Conference on Education For All (EFA) in Jomtien, EFA ...

  15. Dancing Africa in Bahia : dance, embodied authenticity and the consumption of "Africa" in Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahlberg, Meredith A.

    2011-01-01

    Paulla A. 2002. Performing Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton30 (3): 847–861. Dzidzienyo, Anani. 1999. “Africa-Brazil: ‘Ex Africa Semper Aliquid Novi’? ” In Black Brazil: Culture,

  16. Internet Performance to Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cottrell, L

    2003-10-01

    We report the first results ever for real-time Internet performance to Africa using the PingER methodology. Multiple monitoring hosts were used to enable comparisons with performance from different parts of the world. From these preliminary measurements, we have found that Internet packet losses to some African sites in recent months range from very poor to bad (> 12%), some getting better, others are holding steady or getting worse. This, together with the average monthly Round Trip Times, imply end-to-end maximum TCP throughputs that are order of magnitudes different between countries in the region. Africa is shown to be far from the Internet performance in industrialized nations due to the poor infrastructure in place today. These monitoring efforts can provide valuable information to analyze the relative rates of future improvement and today they help us to quantify the digital divide and can provide quantitative information to policy makers.

  17. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01

    and challenges that face rural communities. For example, limited financial and governmental resources, affordability, and accessibility of goods and services restrict a rural community?s viability. In a 2003 editorial for the Rural Policy Research... Community Affairs Obstetrician/Nurse Midwife A study by the University of Washington (Nesbitt 1997) finds a correlation between an increase in infant mortality rates and rural areas that is attributed to a lack of access to prenatal care. Infant...

  18. Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 1 Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions GRAIN FISH MONEY AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 #12;AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT 2014 2 #12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green and Blue Revolutions 3 #12;#12;Grain Fish Money Financing Africa's Green

  19. Astrophysics in Southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricia A. Whitelock

    2007-07-06

    The government of South Africa has identified astronomy as a field in which their country has a strategic advantage and is consequently investing very significantly in astronomical infrastructure. South Africa now operates a 10-m class optical telescope, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), and is one of two countries short listed to host the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), an ambitious international project to construct a radio telescope with a sensitivity one hundred times that of any existing telescope. The challenge now is to produce an indigenous community of users for these facilities, particularly from among the black population which was severely disadvantaged under the apartheid regime. In this paper I briefly describe the observing facilities in Southern Africa before going on to discuss the various collaborations that are allowing us to use astronomy as a tool for development, and at the same time to train a new generation of astronomers who will be well grounded in the science and linked to their colleagues internationally.

  20. Alaska Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiatives, the Alaska Rural Small Business Conference is a three-day conference to bring together rural businesses and leaders and provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  1. GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

  2. CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in the Developing World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    CAM: A Mobile Paper-based Information Services Architecture for Remote Rural Areas in developing nations. The growth of mobile phone use in China, India and Africa resembles the growth instructions to otherwise inert paper documents. 2. The CAM Architecture CAM unites a user interface

  3. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country...

  4. Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement |

  5. Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Enforcement Efforts ­ Checkpoints ­ Messages regarding Seat Belts ­ Messages regarding Rural SB Use

  6. José Montenegro: Farm Operations Director, Rural Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    from farming communities, rural communities throughoutinstitutions and rural communities. It seemed that there wasstakeholders—rural communities and government institutions—

  7. CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa The Cambridge in Africa (CiA) Programme in East Africa- Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, that supports the training of African doctoral and post-doctoral researchers. It aims to strengthen Africa's own capacity for a sustainable research

  8. Rural Energy Conference Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

    2008-12-31

    Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

  9. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector...

  10. Is The Financial Crisis Playing Against China In Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOLA NOUCK, Lucien

    2009-01-01

    University. His main area of research is China-Africa andIndia-Africa relations.Playing Against China In Africa? Introduction Since they

  11. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conference Proceedingsfrom the Lighting Africa Product Quality Assurance WorkshopSUMMARY Background Lighting Africa is a World Bank Group

  12. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools This page lists...

  13. AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification Research Officer (intern)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer (intern) Basics Job Title, Johannesburg Brief Description of Africa Health Placements Africa Health Placements (AHP in alignment to planned solutions. #12;AFRICA HEALTH PLACEMENTS Job Specification ­ Research Officer

  14. West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy: Impacts & Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seto, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    West Africa & the New European Common Fisheries Policy:affected fisheries in West Africa, and how recently enactedWorld War II. 6 West Africa’s close proximity to Europe, its

  15. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    developing photovoltaic standards in Africa will beAfrica elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic

  16. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  17. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March Banking Division, Development Bank of Southern Africa It really is a tremendous honor to welcome you all to South Africa and to this very special symposium. We have been incredibly honored to see the guest list

  18. Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Women Changing Africa: Barnard's Third Annual Global Symposium Johannesburg, South Africa March in South Africa. She, in her key role, saw to it that the World Cup was a smoothly run success and let me of the franchise at Coca Cola, South Africa. She has many times been honoured for her talents in advertising

  19. Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Third World Network- Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog September 24, 2008 15:25:42 PM Press Release >> UNCTAD 2008 Economic Development in Africa report on Trade LIberalisation Posted report PRESS RELEASE Trade liberalization has not improved Africa's export performance, says 2008 UNCTAD

  20. Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

    2013-07-16

    In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial ...

  1. COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEA COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa Contract no. EIE/04/201/s07.43094 DEA Development and Energy in Africa Intelligent Energy ­ Europe (IEE) Type of action: COOPENER Key action: VKA11 is part of the COOPENER project "Development and Energy in Africa (DEA)" initiated on 1 May 2005

  2. Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Africa House PATRICK BROWN, Faculty Director LOKANGAKA LOSAMBE, Faculty Director PIERRETTE LUMUMBA of African cultures' role in the world. Africa House will be a valuable program in helping students develop component, Africa House offers students shared experiences as well as opportunities for participation

  3. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  4. THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Conway P. Mick Kelly S. Subak Tom E. Downing CSERGE Working Paper GEC 95-12 #12;THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA by Mike Hulme Declan Affairs, and Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources, for the "Climate and Africa" project

  5. SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Christopher M.

    SOUTH AFRICA VCU SUMMER STUDY ABROAD | 2015 The Global Education Office, the African American Africa. The program begins in the town of Pietermaritzburg, the capital of KwaZulu-Natal province into an exciting field of global respon- sibility and emerging democracy in South Africa. To register, visit: go

  6. 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event that offers a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities.

  7. California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlement and Citizenship Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    2006 ¬ California Rural Communities, Farmworker SettlementGomez California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlementfor participation in rural community’s political and civil

  8. Reaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 Dance Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrish, Mila Dr.

    2009-01-01

    the needs of rural communities and a promising alternativeReaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 danceresources not found in rural communities (Schwier & Balbar,

  9. Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities, and the Courts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Boso

    2013-01-01

    titil- lated the rural community and jurors of PendletonAdolescents in Rural Communities in British Columbia, 99 Ain minority, poor, and rural communities. Urban bias both

  10. NRF Republic of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    led to a new cooperation programme (PICs) dealing with air pollution and climate change in South issues 14 2.2.1 Atmospheric pollution and Climate change in southern Africa 14 2.2.2. Troposphere ozone for characterisation of pollutant transport 30 3.2.2 Modelling activities 33 4- Laboratories and scientists involved

  11. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  12. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  13. Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

    2011-01-01

    Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

  14. Pollution and Environmental Concern in Rural China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandes, Julia

    2013-12-31

    , a large proportion of China's population still lives in rural areas where national environmental laws are often not implemented, and where environmental pollution can be quite serious. Thus, it is important to understand how China's rural population...

  15. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  16. Voices of Africa Magazine The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded and is dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Voices of Africa Magazine PREAMBLE The Voices of Africa Magazine proclaims that it has been founded concerning African Diaspora at and beyond Princeton ARTICLE I Voices of Africa Section 1. The name of this student organization shall be the VOICES OF AFRICA Section 2. The words "VOICES OF AFRICA" shall

  17. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  18. NEW FACULTY ADDITIONS TO E&E AT STONY BROOK New Assistant Professor Brenna Henn arrived in January 2013 as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and dispersals Out-of-Africa. Krishna Veeramah will arrive as an Assistant Professor in January 2014 also as part. He then moved to UCLA as part of John Novembre's lab where he looked at the genetic architecture variation in sub-Saharan Africa. He is also involved in projects examining ancient DNA from Migration Period

  19. S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA S. AFRICA USES FIRE CRACKERS TO SCARE OFF SEALS The South African purse -seine fisheries of ammunition per month tofishermen. Because of the great potential harm to the seal, South Africa's Division

  20. SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

  1. Inventing Hoodia: Vulnerabilities and Epistemic Citizenship in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Laura A.

    2011-01-01

    feminisms in the context of Southern Africa. Her researchupon her work in Southern Africa over the past decade as ain Botswana and South Africa on issues of domestic violence

  2. A cost-benefit analysis of rural-urban migration decisions in less developed countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste-Salazar, Juan Gerardo

    1973-01-01

    the 'predictive power of cost-benefit analysis and will avoid any measure- ment problem. In the case of perfect competition where all goods and services are priced, the results given by the cost-benefit tools are completely reliable. [49]. But under... in Africa. He has concluded that migration is primarily an economic phenomenon where the migrant, knowing his probability of getting a job is low, takes a chance and plays a "game of lottery" pulled by the rural-urban wage differential. The great wage...

  3. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  4. Instructional Cinema in Colonial Africa: An Historical Reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaka, Femi Okiremuete

    1999-01-01

    1937. The Africa and the Cinema, London: The Edinburgh Houseeds) _ ( 1983) British Cinema History, London: WeidenfeldJ. (1966) "Africa and the Cinema," African Statesman, No.2 (

  5. United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and Development United States and South Africa Sign Agreement on Cooperation in Nuclear Energy Research and...

  6. South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa - Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and...

  7. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Committee on Foreign Affairs Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health,...

  8. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers and the Politics of Casualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching Kwan

    2009-01-01

    WP 2009-14 Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African WorkersCasualization in Africa’s Chinese Enclaves by Ching Kwan Leeapproval. Raw Encounters: Chinese Managers, African Workers

  9. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to o#er. Mali, where we spent. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities --- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  10. The Other Side of Africa, with Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    flat, nothing spectacular. It is culture and history that West Africa has to offer. Mali, where we. It was the center of the great medieval African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Its cities -- Timbuktu, Djenn the architecture of the cities and villages. Mali became a French colony in the 1890s, but as in all of West Africa

  11. International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

  12. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and established risk factors among populations of sub-Saharan African descent in Europe: a literature review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agyemang, Charles; Addo, Juliet; Bhopal, Raj; de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Stronks, Karien

    2009-08-11

    rigorous crit- icisms and unreliable data sources, this hypothesis has sustained some considerable degree of popular and scien- tific acceptance [54]. The issue of the link between skin colour and hypertension is even more complex. The posi- tive... - ans [74]. Causation Several factors have been linked to the increased preva- lence of type II among populations of African descent such as increasing obesity, insulin resistance, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet [75-77]. Obesity is anPage 6 of 17...

  13. Integrating diverse methods to understand climateland interactions in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integrating diverse methods to understand climate­land interactions in East Africa Jennifer M-disciplinary scientists examining climate­land dynamics at multiple scales in East Africa. East Africa is a region Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Climate change; Land use; Africa; Modeling; Biocomplexity; Human

  14. Agreements --Africa 27 28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    Agreements -- Africa 27 AFRICA #12;28 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements Congo of the Niger; and 6) rules for future occupation of the coast of the African continent #12;Agreements -- Africa Great Britain and France #12;Agreements -- Africa 31 Gash Total area: 40,000 km2 Area of Basin

  15. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  16. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05

    The aim of this study was to better understand how young women in a rural community define successful adulthood and how life in a rural area benefited or challenged their transition into successful adulthood. Non-probability, purposive sampling...

  17. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal on the EU side. 9/13/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging www.africa-eu-partnership.org/print/122 1/2 #12;The goes a long way in supporting the Africa-EU Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration

  18. Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands.

  19. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  20. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Helping America's Electric Cooperatives Build a Smarter Grid to Streamline Operations and Improve...

  1. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies...

  2. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  3. GSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , community cellular, that has the potential to bring coverage to extremely rural populations. Although the total capital costs for these networks (rural communities, the highGSM Whitespaces: An Opportunity for Rural Cellular Service Shaddi Hasan, Kurtis Heimerl, Kate

  4. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences Success?#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Jake; Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01

    subject to learning effects. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:Science, 46, 4, 548-62. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: Whataccessed September 27, 2004. Internet Kiosks in Rural India:

  5. Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

  6. Sanctions Against South Africa: Strategy for the Anti-Apartheid Movement of the 1980's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danaher, Kevin

    1981-01-01

    South Africa and Sanctions: Genesis and Prospects,SANCTIONS AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA: STRATEGY FOR THE ANTI-attempts to impose sanctions against the South Africa

  7. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01

    March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. National TreasuryGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalpdf South Africa, Republic of. 2000a. Municipal Systems Act

  8. Performing Africa: Memory, Tradition, and Resistance in the Leimert Park Drum Circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington, Giavanni ReShae

    2013-01-01

    Welsh-Asante. Trenton: Africa World Press. Hill, Constanceroots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of theInquiry. Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press. Wondrich,

  9. Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    program design for Africa Essel Ben Hagan, CSIR Institutemany other countries in Africa. Yet by creatively modifyingmarket transformation, Africa energy policy Table of

  10. Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Amber R

    2011-01-01

    and Nicolas Argenti. Young Africa: Realising the Rights ofand Youth. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2002. Debates ofSocial Imagination in Africa. ” Anthropological Quarterly.

  11. Temporal variations in temperature over Northeastern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Robby Douglas

    1994-01-01

    unavailable data from Northeastern Africa from 1900 to 1950, the data are analyzed to determine whether thermal patterns are identifiable in maximum and minimum temperatures over smaller scales in the tropics and sub-tropics. First, the Alexandersson Test...

  12. MSU at Work in Africa: Cultural Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are strongly committed to documenting, preserving, and making accessible the continent's cultural heritage' identifying their cultural heritage. Safeguarding and making accessible the artifacts, oral histories cultural tourism, an increasingly important draw for the international tourism trade that is Africa

  13. Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    especially on the potential of white LED lights, which are an important and newly emerging lighting provide the most efficient route. The last lighting technology shown in Table 1 is a "white LED lamp". LED is short for "lighting emitting diode". In other words, LEDs are a special type of diode that produces

  14. Simulations and predictions of mosquito populations in rural Africa using rainfall inputs from satellites and forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamana, Teresa K. (Teresa Keiko)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis describes studies on the use of the Hydrology, Entomology and Malaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS) developed and tested against field data by Bomblies et al. (2008) in simulating and predicting the potential ...

  15. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses September 22, 2010 - 10:43am Addthis The...

  16. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  17. The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural...

  18. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rural America for the next century, the USDA Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative enables applicants to several USDA housing programs to...

  19. Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

  20. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendarPressExtended Facility SGP RelatedRural Driving

  1. Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries Kristin M. Stock School of Planning accuracy of about +/-0.2m. Utilities companies and local authorities in rural areas have more relaxed of Planning, Landscape Architecture and Surveying at Queensland University of Technology, and the Geodetic

  2. Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through the National Network of NGOs for Renewable Energy (RENOVE). ·The aim is to support the Brazilian1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe makers implement Electricity Law 10.438 in ways that enable small rural energy enterprises to coexist

  3. Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Virtual Global Magnetic ObservatoryVirtual Global Magnetic Observatory Network in Africa:Network in Africa: Capacity Building for ElectronicCapacity Building for Electronic Geophysical YearGeophysical Year · VGMO.NET is a middleware architecture that provides a new way for the worldwide geomagnetic community

  4. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01

    ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for http://www.springer.com/  “Africa’s  natural  habitats  are the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These opening sentences from 

  5. Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2011-01-01

    in south and southern Africa: Dynamics and determinants (Natal. Development Southern Africa 15(4): 635–659. Fay, D.and resettlement in South Africa’s Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.

  6. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  7. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .£. Primitive Primate i, Neanderthal. :'-1an A. Gorilla, Africa / .:: Prototypal Anthropoid 8. Cro·l\\1agnon Man ' od! Primitive Anthropoid 9. Australian Blackfellow B. Chimpanzee, Africa Z /- ..J

  8. International Agriculture Fellowship: A Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Exploration in Endophytic Biological Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Our research team is awarding a 1-year fellowship for a qualified graduate in international agricultural development. Currently enrolled in a Ph.D. program. M.S. in plant pathology Location: Cali, Colombia! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kUU-DWOqmI Duration: 1 ­year, starting January

  9. B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ), or by application of vast amounts of manures or other organic resources, e.g., sods of peat in northern Belgium [5B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article Organic resource management in sub-Saharan Africa: validation of a residue quality-driven decision support system

  10. IMTFI Working Paper 2012-2 1 Working Paper 2012-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    poverty level in Nigeria, this study examines the extent to which small ruminants have assisted women 410 million people in sub-Saharan Africa still live in absolute poverty, surviving on less than one, the poor lack the capacity to liberate themselves from the shackles of poverty, and this perpetual

  11. Supporting Online Material Materials and Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    and future projections of household energy consumption, we integrated several data sources, described below) Estimating the greenhouse gas implications of current and future energy consumption in sub- Saharan Africa countries. The FAO data for 2000, including woodfuel and charcoal production, trade, and consumption

  12. Nodding Syndrome In Uganda: Risk Factors At Disease Onset Mazumder R1 Palmer VS2,4 Spencer PS2,4 King P2 Stadnik R2 Lasarev M2 Kabahenda M 3 Kitara DL4 Stadler D2 and the Oregon-Uganda Nodding Syndrome Research Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    , Uganda Introduction/Background: · Nodding Syndrome (NS) is a little known seizure disorder epileptic disorder in sub-Saharan Africa. Afr Health Sci. 2013 Jun;13(2):176-82. 2. Foltz JL, Makumbi I. 2013 Jun;13(2):183-198. 5. Kitgum District Local Government. Five Year Development Plan. 2012. 6. World

  13. Land Tenure and the Cadastral System of Mali University of Maine, Department of Spatial Information Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    1 Land Tenure and the Cadastral System of Mali Ted Wells University of Maine, Department of Spatial is an introduction to the history of land tenure and cadastral systems in the sub-Saharan country of Mali in West Africa. Mali is today one of the poorest of the developing countries and has been the frequent recipient

  14. USE OF GENERAL CIRCULATION MODEL OUTPUT IN THE CREATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    , Sub-Saharan Africa and Venezuela, for use in biological effects models. By combining the general, and possible solar variations, and all agree that surface air temperatures will rise, pre- cipitation patterns will change, and sea level will rise. Even though such projections of the future are relatively crude

  15. Call No. Title Author Location Gilbert White Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    development in Sub-Saharan Africa : an agenda for action. World Bank. Hist-White TH7413.S45 1 Accelerating the acceptance of solar heating : North American experience and international implicati Sewell, W. R. Derrick. IWR-White TD345.A33 19 Achieving success in community water supply and sanitation projects Chandler

  16. The tropics have generally the most benign climates found on Earth, with gentle breezes and small daily and seasonal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emanuel, Kerry A.

    physics. The greenhouse effect Of the solar energy that streams to Earth, about 30% is re- flected enough and the projection of Earth's angular velocity vector onto the local vertical axis is large enough the disturbance is often a 100-km-scale "easterly wave" that forms over sub-Saharan Africa and then moves westward

  17. Bride Price and Female Education Nava Ashraf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jack

    Bride Price and Female Education Nava Ashraf Natalie Bau Nathan Nunn§ Alessandra Voena¶ November 1 also inspire condemnation. The custom of bride price, prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa that previously found small eects on female enrollment mask heterogeneity by bride price tradition. Ethnic groups

  18. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  19. Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getz, Wayne M.

    Mathematical models and the fight against diseases in Africa Wayne M.Getz a* ,Eleanor Gouws b theories. While South Africa has many talented scientists trained in quantitative methods, relatively few infrastructural investment is needed to address the health crises in Africa. Prior to the advent of HIV

  20. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B a Introduction Plantations of non-native trees have been grown in Africa for more than 100 years.1,2 The most especially for construction timber and fuel, while in southern Africa this timber also sustains a thriving

  1. Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisner, Jason

    Indirect STV Election: A Voting System for South Africa Jason Eisner University of Cape Town of which would not be appropriate for South Africa. The fourth is a promising new system called Indirect Party in South Africa has consistently engaged in this sort of strategic, anti-democratic redistricting

  2. UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Well-being #12;#12;UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Research (CSIR) South Africa The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do

  3. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding in southern Africa Jayson Orton1 , Peter Mitchell2 , Richard Klein3 , Teresa Steele4 & K. Ann Horsburgh5 When did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time

  4. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa Joseph K. Pickrella,1,2 , Nick, 2014 (received for review July 30, 2013) The history of southern Africa involved interactions between eastern Africa. In particular, we also find evidence for two admixture events in the history of Kenyan

  5. Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    Ecological consequences of early Late Pleistocene megadroughts in tropical Africa Andrew S. Cohen conditions in tropical Africa occurred in several discrete episodes between 135 and 90 ka, as demonstrated]. This resulted in extraordinarily low lake levels, even in Africa's deepest lakes. On the basis of well dated

  6. AfricaAdapt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfricaAfricaAdapt Jump

  7. Better rural churches through architectural planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, K. Frank

    1956-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this thesis is a technique...

  8. CSR AND THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CHALLENGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joss, Kristina

    2011-11-24

    renewable energy for rural electrification in the least developed countries. Using first hand interviews with industry experts to support academic literature and policy report analysis, this dissertation argues that corporations are a necessary tool...

  9. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    on Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved Februaryon Rural Health Statistics in India 2009 Retrieved February

  10. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh Md. EmajMuslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. For thisselected between the communities in rural Bangladesh. This

  11. Finding a Home: A Developmental Model of Rural Physician Recruitment and Retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Christine M

    2008-01-01

    http://www.unmc.edu/Community/mralmeded/rural_background_http://wvvw.unmc.edu/Community/ruralmeded/rural_interested_Physician retention in rural communities: the perspective of

  12. Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in California in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palerm, Juan Vicente

    2010-01-01

    Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaAgriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaCalifornia's rural/agricultural communities located within

  13. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    A Promising Option for Rural Communities 4 III. Trends intime, people in the rural communities are unprepared to takePromising Option for Rural Communities “Approaches that rely

  14. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    agricultural, community, and rural development agencies,state actors. CAPS and rural communities also must confrontaffects us [as CAPS and rural communities] in these small

  15. Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africa’s History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

    2014-01-01

    Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All three—energy, industry, and transportation—are themselves always socialized and ...

  16. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors for the production of fuel crops. http://www.iol.co.za/general/news/newsprint.php?art_id=nw20071106135542969C112694&sf= (1 of 3) [11/11/2008 11:48:04 AM] http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=31&art

  17. Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musumba, Mark

    2012-10-19

    to economic development in Africa. Climate change is examined in terms of its effects on the Egyptian agricultural sector; transmission of world price to small scale growers is examined in Uganda; and the benefits of insecticide-treated bed nets use...

  18. Reinventing Africa into a Global Supplier of Food Goods: An Analysis of Agri-business Development, Sustainability, Supply Chain Integration and Export in Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Lisa M.

    2011-01-01

    March 30). Transforming Africa’s Role in the Global Food11, 2011, from AGRA Growing Africa's Agriculture: http://e. (1988). Satisfying Africa's Food Needs: Food Production

  19. RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Bhaskaran

    RuralNet (Digital Gangetic Plains): WiFi-Based Low-Cost Rural Networking Bhaskaran Raman Department in the west This business model can thrive when average per capita income is high ($20K) Wireless systems being deployed in India are successful in Metro pockets, but providing cost effective voice and data

  20. BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural renewable energy applications and assessment from China can be very helpful in defining a global sustainable and environmentally sustainable manner. Key Words: renewableenergy,sustainabledevelopment, China energy policy, China

  1. Rural Education in Transition : A Study of Recent Trends in Education in Five Texas Rural Counties. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1954-01-01

    'Gurrl rl the compulsory school ages residing in rural areas, these changes will play an important part future progress of the State. 'I h I Through consolidation the number of rural schools declined by 66 percent since 1949. Some open te country.... 4 School Enrollment and Attendance.. ............ 6 . ........ Curriculum and Teaching Personnel.. .. 7 School Support ................................................... 10 Acknowledgments .............................................. 11...

  2. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

  3. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 of the Water Resources

  4. Land Use Rights, Market Transition, and Rural-urban Labor Migration in China (1980-84)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiu Por

    2012-01-01

    rural China was for self-consumption in rural China. (Zhou,in rural China was for self-consumption in rural China (into four components: self-sufficient consumption; commodity

  5. Moving towards pro-poor systems of land administration: Challenges for land and asset distribution in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deininger, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    and Management in Africa." IIED Issues Paper 120. London:Custom and commonage in Africa: Rethinking the orthodoxies."Land Registration in Africa: The Impact on Agricultural

  6. Rethinking the nonmetropolitan turnaround: renewed rural growth or extended urbanization? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaodong

    2007-04-25

    was rural, the dominant pattern of urbanization was rural-urban migration. When the majority of the population became urban, the dominant urbanization pattern reversed to urbanrural migration because urban centers had reached beyond their optimal density...

  7. Postsecondary Completion in Rural Texas: A Statewide Overview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shuyu; Hall, Taylor R.; Jackson, Candace A.; Liu, Xiaodan; Morin, Zach; Sargent, Orsi T.; Steere, Vladislav S.

    2014-01-01

    completion in Rural Texas. Using a mixed methods approach, the capstone studied institutional, attitudinal, and academic barriers that impede rural students from pursuing and obtaining a postsecondary credential. Why should policymakers and stakeholders focus...

  8. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  9. Linear programming model for optimum resource allocation in rural systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devadas, V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India)

    1997-07-01

    The article presents a model for optimum resource allocation in a rural system. Making use of linear programming, the objective function of the linear programming model is to maximize the revenue of the rural system, and optimum resource allocation is made subject to a number of energy- and nonenergy-related constraints relevant to the rural system. The model also quantifies the major yields as well as the by-products of different sectors of the rural economic system.

  10. Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of Reduced Connectivity in Rural and Remote Communities Abstract In this paper we describe ignored yet important user population. Keywords Remote and rural communities, connectivity, qualitative understand user needs in rural and remote communities and what impact lack of connectivity has on users

  11. The clock is ticking for rural America1 Michael Duffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    determined by who are the winners and losers. All rural communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes. The rural, non- farm, communities in the U.S. are undergoing changes in the population mix of production. The interface between the non-farm rural and the agricultural communities is where we are seeing

  12. Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India Affiliation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    , resulting in concrete changes in rural communities. The story of CGNet Swara starts with its launch in 2010Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India 1st Author Affiliation E-mail 2nd Author journalism, launched in rural India in 2010. Since then, CGNet Swara has logged over 575,000 phone calls

  13. Effective Rural ITS Outreach: The California Program for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGowen, Patrick

    America, and to bring rural communities into full and active partnership in the national advanced transportation technology program. The rural community is faced with many unique challenges and opportunities community encounters many unique obstacles that are specific to the rural environment verses the urban

  14. Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rural Food Security in Tigray, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation Tagel Gebrehiwot March, 2008 #12;Rural Food Security in Tigary, Ethiopia: Policy Impact Evaluation by Tagel Gebrehiwot Thesis submitted on the effectiveness of food security policy in ensuring rural food security and poverty reduction in Tigray region

  15. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  16. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  17. Capacity Building in Meat Exports From Southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiriboga, Luis M.; Kilmer, Chris; Fan, Rocky

    2008-01-01

    a permanent agreement. This process has been difficult as South Africa and Namibia disagree with the EU on issues regarding the liberalization of services and investments. As it stands, the new treaty will grant Namibian beef exporters... (1998) investigated land degradation and its negative impact on Namibia’s beef industry. Additionally, Dyck and Nelson (2003) provide an overview of the structure of global meat markets and confirm Africa’s comparative advantage in grazing land...

  18. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  19. Rural Soccology 64(4), 1999,pp. 641-666 Copyright 0 1999 by the Rural Sociological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    Misrepresenting Communities: The Politics of Community-Based Rural Ecotourism in Gales Point Manatee, Belize1 Jill that ignore politics. Based on research in a community-based rural ecotourism project in Gales Point Manatee interests and identities within the rural community and their relationships to external actors, political

  20. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01

    Televisions OLEDs Water Heaters Solar water heaters FansTARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africa

  1. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving Access, Understanding and Application of Climate...

  2. Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE PAGES Search Results Published Article: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa Title: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern...

  3. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  4. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the U.S. Government is formally launching an innovative framework under President Obama's Power Africa initiative to increase energy access for underserved populations across...

  5. "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2012, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium "OUT OF AFRICA: GENETICS AND HUMAN MIGRATIONS", Prof. Gyan Bhanot, Department of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Physics,...

  6. South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Africa-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within the South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) (Redirected from GIZ-Developing Climate Policy Capacity within...

  7. Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Powering Africa Summit in Washington...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    support and loan guarantees, and so these are good projects that we support. Power Africa has also mobilized more than 29 billion in other commitments to support the...

  8. Rural Inequality and Nutrition: an Analysis of Three Rural Communities in the Dominican Republic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Susannah R

    2014-07-23

    The Sunflower Project, a small nutrition-education project in a rural area in the Dominican Republic, grew haphazardly from its establishment in summer 2013, relying on non-academic resources and guides to shape project ...

  9. The Political Economy of Ways and Means: Procurement Contracts, Entrepreneurship, and Development in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo Nyeck, Sybille

    2013-01-01

    E. (1967). The Map of Africa by Treaty. 3 ed. London: FrankCass. __________. (1894). Map of Africa by Treaty. Vol. II,British Policy Towards West Africa Select Documents 1786-

  10. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    J-F. 1993. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly.Time, and Aging in West Africa. Chicago: Chicago University2006. Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order.

  11. Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa The Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP) based at FABI has milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent

  12. Competing Methods for Teaching and Researching Africa: Interdisciplinarity and the Field of African Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Ycaza, Carla

    2015-01-01

    The Re-Invention of Africa: Edward Said, V. Y. Mudimbe, andThe Postcolonial State in Africa, 4-5. 46 Ibid. , 4. 47Legitimacy in Middle Africa: Father, Family, Food (

  13. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Among the South?Eastern Bantu”. Africa 11 (1938): 25?41; MaxCustom and Conflict in Africa. Oxford 1963; Eileen J. Krige.Bond, G. et. al. AIDS in Africa and the Caribbean. Boulder:

  14. Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. B Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. C School of Biological Sciences

  15. The 500 Windows Campaign: A Case Study of a Youth Movement for Educational Resources in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angara, Harini

    2011-01-01

    of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. chap. 2, sec. 29.assessment. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Education.South%20Africa/South_Africa_E FA_2000.pdf Dugger, C. (2009,

  16. Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    del Alamo, Jesús A.

    Realizing the Potential ofRealizing the Potential of iLabsiLabs in subin sub--Sahara AfricaSahara Africa KickKick--Off/Steering Committee MeetingOff/Steering Committee MeetingObafemi Awolowo University -- Overview ofOverview of iLabiLab andand iLabiLab--Africa projects by Prof. del AlamoAfrica projects by Prof

  17. Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico Gil Gonzales, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 E mail: gonzgil@unm.edu Background UNM students enjoy the country do. New Mexico is also home to two national laboratories in Los Alamos (Los Alamos National

  18. Role of Money in Rural Family Living. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Bardin H.

    1961-01-01

    12. RURAL NONFARM itsi 1 ,I 1~11 i One- ,m..l third of the mothers of the 205 so~homores were oyed outside the home. Some examples of work were doing follow: factory work (14) ; cafe ess (7) ; sewing :(5) ; nursing (4) . Such a high...

  19. Africa - CCS capacity building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS capacity

  20. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica

  1. Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

  2. Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development Volume 25, Issue 2, Issue 2 Economic and social significance of forests for Africa's sustainable development Editor: Foday Resources specialist Rome, Italy Jeffrey Sayer Ecologist/expert in political and economic context of natural

  3. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01

    in protected areas and rural communities: Case studies frominclude small holders and rural communities (Camacho et al.directed community planning, and rural development

  4. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  5. USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

    2005-05-01

    To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

  6. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives, providing retail electric service to more than 42 million consumers...

  7. Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Link: www.internationaltransportforum.orgjtrcDiscussionPapersDP201119.pdf Transport Toolkit Region(s): Europe Transport in rural and remote regions receives...

  8. Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nedevschi, Sergiu; Surana, Sonesh; Du, Bowei; Patra, Rabin; Brewer, Eric; Stan, Victor

    2007-01-01

    capital expen- diture (CapEx), ideal for rural areas whereadditional savings in CapEx. E STABLISHED T ECHNOLOGY CDMA

  9. Choices about Treatment for ARI and Diarrhea in Rural Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Noreen; Pebley, Anne R.; Gragnolati, Michele

    2000-01-01

    economic well-being in Guatemala. Unpublished manuscript.diarrhea in highland Guatemala. Medical Anthropology 12(4),symptoms in rural Guatemala. Annales de la Societe. Belge de

  10. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    more than 900 not-for-profit, member-owned, member-controlled rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives,...

  11. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  12. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes clothes...

  13. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...

  14. Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing Climate Adaptation and...

  15. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01

    during common illnesses in a rural community of West Bengal,in high regard in rural communities and have significantCare Services among Rural Community of Agra." Indian Journal

  16. Jered Lawson and Nancy Vail: Pie Ranch: A Rural Center for Urban Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    embraced by both urban and rural communities, enabling thoseas a meaningful tool for rural communities, and for urbanschool. It was in a rural community, a tight-knit small

  17. CommunityOrganizedHouseholdWaterIncreasesNot Only Rural incomes, but AlsoMen’sWork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corw, Ben; Swallow, Brent; Asamba, Isabella

    2012-01-01

    Is there a role for rural communities? Rome, FAO. Blackden,priority for many rural communities. In Kericho district, inmulti- country study of community-managed rural water supply

  18. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  19. Shifting suitability for malaria vectors across Africa with warming climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2009-05-10

    Background Climates are changing rapidly, producing warm climate conditions globally not previously observed in modern history. Malaria is of great concern as a cause of human mortality and morbidity, particularly across Africa, thanks in large part...

  20. CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Challenges to Teaching Citizenship Education. The social and environmental context of the schoolsCITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A REPORT TO SCHOOLS Daniel Hammett University General Remarks 4 Summary of Findings Is citizenship education important? Competing Views 4 Defining

  1. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  2. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder farmers. Some...

  3. Ecological niche and geographic distribution of human monkeypox in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Rebecca S.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Yorita, Krista L.; Carroll, Darin S.; Damon, Inger K.; Reynolds, Mary G.

    2007-01-31

    Monkeypox virus, a zoonotic member of the genus Orthopoxviridae, can cause a severe, smallpox-like illness in humans. Monkeypox virus is thought to be endemic to forested areas of western and Central Africa. Considerably more is known about human...

  4. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    of technological options for off-grid light provision thatQuality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conferencemarkets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies

  5. Entrepreneurship in South Africa : improving access to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amanda, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    For a rapidly developing country, South Africa has relatively very low levels of entrepreneurship. This thesis will investigate the reasons for the anemic number of new ventures and, most specifically, tries to address one ...

  6. Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub-Sahara Africa Saket Kushwaha, A.S. Musa, James Lowenberg Professor at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. #12;Consumer Acceptance of GMO Cowpeas in Sub

  7. Connecting with South Africa: Cultural Communication and Understanding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Astrid

    2012-02-06

    Child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Astrid Berg states in her introduction that “South Africa is a microcosm.” It is a modern nation, yet many of its inhabitants follow ancient traditions. It is a nation with a colonial ...

  8. (Rural electrification: Grid extension, decentralization, and financing)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-02-22

    H.G. (Mike) Jones and I had numerous meetings with EEGSA staff. We discussed rural electrification plans, reviewed documents, and collaborated on collecting information on decentralized energy alternatives. Meetings were also held with USAID/Guatemala, USAID/ROCAP, NRECA, MEM, PVOs, and equipment vendors. A preliminary draft report and spreadsheet for comparing decentralized power alternatives was completed. The report and findings were presented to EEGSA and the methodology transferred to EEGSA staff. A set of recommended followup activities was also presented to EEGSA.

  9. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  10. Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBAInformationRural Electric Assn

  11. Glidden Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:GerGlacialGlacialGlassGlidden Rural

  12. Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoringUtilitiesRenov veis doIdeemaSunIllinois Rural

  13. Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy|GasRugby Wind Farm Jump to:WaterRural

  14. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alliance forRural

  15. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh KiepeWebel Micro PowerRural Electric Co

  16. The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi-Soyinka, Omofolabo

    2004-12-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa by Omofolabo Ajayl-Soyinka KU ScholarWorks is a service provided by the KU Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright.... This is the published version of the article, made available with the permission of the publisher. The original published version can be found at the link below. Ayayi-Soyinka. (2004). The Fashion of Democracy: September 11 and Africa. Signs 29...

  17. Distributional Implications of Halving Poverty in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF HALVING POVERTY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA† Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. ABSTRACT The South African government has set as a policy objective the halving of poverty by 2014... poverty under various growth scenarios. Keywords: income distribution, poverty, inequality, South Africa. JEL codes: D30, D31, I32. † August 2008. Contact: fmt21@cam.ac.uk. This research...

  18. Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions Shen Wan April 25, 2009 Abstract In this thesis proposal, we discuss the current limitations and chal- lenges in wireless networks, especially in rural, remote or areas with rough terrains. Although traditional wireless networking technologies have

  19. Development of a Potable WIM System for Rural Roadways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and Computer Engineering University of Minnesota Duluth #12;Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) System · Measures static for Portable WIM · Heavy truck volume on rural roads increased due to higher demands on agricultural of overweight monitoring for rural roads ($20K/unit) #12;Weigh-Pad (WPad) Based Portable WIM #12;MnRoad Test

  20. Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damani, Om P.

    Page 1 of 62 Redesigning Khardi Rural Piped Water Network Scheme for Sustainability Authors: Varsha #12;Page 2 of 62 Table of Contents Redesigning Khardi Multi Village Rural Piped Water Scheme ..................................................................................................................12 2.1 Source, Raw Water Pumping and Treatment

  1. RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) 2012-2013 ANNUAL REPORT HIGHLIGHTS · Expanded RHOP position the following activities: 1. The RHOP was named 1 of the 5 outstanding university rural health initiatives in the country by NerdScholar 2. Responsible for hosting the 2012 Bi-national Health Care Symposium

  2. Tegola tiered mesh network testbed in rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo; Buneman, Peter; Marina, Mahesh

    2008-01-01

    Many rural and remote communities around the world see themselves on the wrong side of the digital divide. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that there is a growing digital divide between urban and rural areas in terms of broadband...

  3. Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustillos, Brenda Diane

    2009-05-15

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  4. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  5. Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; 3:e19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa in Cameroon, Africa Andrew W. Nelson,1,2,4 Leah M. Feazel,1,3,4,5 Charles E. Robertson,2 John R. Spear,1

  6. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    cases of transmission lines in the 700-800 kV range--in Canada, United States, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly

  7. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  8. Defining urban and rural regions by multifractal spectrums of urbanization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yanguang

    2015-01-01

    The spatial pattern of urban-rural regional system is associated with the dynamic process of urbanization. How to characterize the urban-rural terrain using quantitative measurement is a difficult problem remaining to be solved. This paper is devoted to defining urban and rural regions using ideas from fractals. A basic postulate is that human geographical systems are of self-similar patterns associated with recursive processes. Then multifractal geometry can be employed to describe or define the urban and rural terrain with the level of urbanization. A space-filling index of urban-rural region based on the generalized correlation dimension is presented to reflect the degree of geo-spatial utilization in terms of urbanization. The census data of America and China are adopted to show how to make empirical analyses of urban-rural multifractals. This work is not so much a positive analysis as a normative study, but it proposes a new way of investigating urban and rural regional systems using fractal theory.

  9. Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    such as the conservativeness of some rural communities. In this paper, our hypothesis is that rural school children1 Practical Considerations for Participatory Design with Rural School Children in Underdeveloped.sahni@gmail.com ABSTRACT This paper draws on a 2-week design workshop conducted at a rural primary school in northern India

  10. Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural, with reserves slightly below rural. Although reserves were like rural lands in diversity of bird communities bird communities, but differed in grassland and savanna bird communities. The extensive rural forests

  11. The Network in the Garden: An Empirical Analysis of Social Media in Rural Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahalios, Karrie G.

    that rural communities have unique technological needs. Yet, we know little about how rural communities use. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. INTRODUCTION Rural communities are famous, communities adapted the rural custom of "visiting" to it. Although a system of rings signaled an individual

  12. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R.; Trois, C.

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  13. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy Future U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a More Sustainable Energy...

  14. Review of Paul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA: Politics, Colonialism, and Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirmotahari, Emad

    2007-01-01

    of Pa ul Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Politics,reading PauJ Darby's Africa, Football, and FIFA : Poliric~.the development of African football depends on its rigorous

  15. Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Holdt, Christopher James

    2009-05-15

    This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa...

  16. NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floss, Christine

    NORTHWEST AFRICA 176: A UNIQUE IRON METEORITE WITH SILICATE INCLUSIONS RELATED TO BOCAIUVA. Menghua Africa 176 iron me- teorite with silicate inclusions was found at the border of Morocco and Algeria

  17. DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA By Neël Smuts1 ABSTRACT South Africa, in its bid to host the SKA2 , has adopted a dual approach to determine, assess

  18. A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labuschagne, Willem

    A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

  19. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Algeria 109 India 348 Brasile 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasile 131 Nigeria 86 Iran 150 Argentina 78 Egitto 66 Cina 137 Colombia 71 Sud Africa 63 Pakistan 85

  20. Fuelwood Use by Rural Households in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox-Moore, Kellie J.

    2010-07-14

    Fuelwood is an important source of domestic energy in rural regions of Brazil. In the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, native species from the Atlantic Forest are an important source of fuelwood, supplemented by wood from ...

  1. NEJC: "Rural Development: Access to Justice and Access to Opportunities"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Description: This workshop will focus on understanding the programs of Rural Development (RD) and how a new generation of committed leaders and experts is needed to continue the contribution these...

  2. Rural students’ experiences at the Open University of Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahai, Lulu Simon

    2014-07-04

    This ethnographic study has been undertaken to address a literature gap relating to rural students’ experiences of distance education in developing countries. It gives an account of teaching and learning practices at the ...

  3. Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning Claudia Urrea MIT of robotic artifacts and the use of other digital technologies can enhance student learning, while also artifact-be it a robot,

  4. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural...

  5. Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to...

  6. Education For Empowerment and Social Action in Rural America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostendorf, David; Levitas, Daniel

    1987-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe both the underlying assumptions and results of the educationaI efforts of one grassroots, community-based organization, Prairiefire Rural Action, Inc....

  7. Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serrano, Katrina 1983-

    2012-12-01

    Children’s risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers...

  8. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is...

  9. Making the national farmer : progressive educational reforms and transformation of rural society in the United States (1902-1918) and Japan (1920-1945)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabian, Rika

    2008-01-01

    ideas changed the rural community and farming practices inenvisioning the “new” rural communities and farmers, andthe organization of rural communities and absorption of the

  10. South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    493 South temperate birds have higher apparent adult survival than tropical birds in Africa PennPatrick Inst., DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Univ. of Cape Town, P/Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa African National Biodiversity Inst., P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa, and School of Statistics

  11. Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa John cratons in southern Africa; consequently, the mantle transition zone is 20 km thicker than beneath post: lithosphere; upper mantle; transition zone; cratoni convection; Southern Africa 1. Introduction The upper

  12. Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evidence for a new introduction of the pitch canker fungus Fusarium circinatum in South Africa E. T (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002 South Africa Fusarium circinatum causes pitch canker of Pinus species in many parts of the world. The fungus was first recorded in South Africa in 1990

  13. Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    Satellite observations of the seasonal cycles of absorbing aerosols in Africa related to monsoon of aerosol emissions from the wet surface. 1. Introduction The main aerosol types occurring over Africa Africa can be characterized using Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) data from Global Ozone Monitoring

  14. Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    Updated 01/2013 http://ilint.illinois.edu/ 1 Professional Travel in South Africa The Rainbow Nation South Africa is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. In urban areas many different ethnic groups make up the population. In addition to the indigenous black peoples of South Africa

  15. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

  16. IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2006 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 9465, Email: edwin@cs.uct.ac.za 2 Dept Computer Science, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535, South Africa Tel: +27 21 959 2516, Fax

  17. outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    S outh Africa is a society in transition. The building of a broad-based research culture is central that existed in South Africa before 1994 -- the year of the first post-apartheid democratic elections -- show Africa, and the establishment of the National System of Innovation (NSI) has been an important step

  18. New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

  19. New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    New Opportunity for Graduate Study Human Well-being and the Environment in Africa The Environmental science Partnership for International Research and Education (PIRE) project in Africa. The project research in Africa in the fields of remote sensing, ecology, sociology or economics and who desire training

  20. History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

  1. TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedi, Rudolf H.

    1 TCP-Africa: An Adaptive and Fair Rapid Increase Rule for Scalable TCP Ryan King, Richard Baraniuk propose a new delay sensitive- congestion avoidance mode (TCP-Africa) that allows for scalable, aggressive, efficiency, and fairness of TCP-Africa. Index Terms-- Scalable TCP, high-bandwidth-delay products, TCP

  2. New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MYCOTAXON New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South AfricaPretoria, Pretoria 0001, Republic of South Africa January-March2010Volume 111, pp. 309-322 Abstract - During a mycologicalexcursion to the Pondoland region of South Africa in 2008, six interesting anamorphic fungi with appendage

  3. Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacterial Blight and Dieback of Eucalyptus Species, Hybrids, and Clones in South Africa T. A- technology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; ,I, I\\lergaert and 1\\1. C University for Christian Higher Education, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa;,. Swings

  4. ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treiman, Allan H.

    ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal Northwest Africa 998 Allan H. Treiman Lunar and Planetary Institute, 3600 Bay Area Blvd., Houston, TX 77058PeerReview Only ABSTRACT Nakhlite Northwest Africa (NWA) 998 is an augite-rich cumulate igneous rock, with mineral

  5. Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

  6. Africa n visitatori Asia n visitatori America Latina n visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa n° visitatori Asia n° visitatori America Latina n° visitatori Marocco 81 India 367 Venezuela 64 Ruanda 50 Armenia 94 Colombia 49 Senegal 50 Turchia 37 Cuba 46 22 PMA in Africa Algeria America Latina 196 Africa 194 Europa dell'Est 121 5 PMA in Asia più altre 32 nazioni 1

  7. IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2007 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 3661, Fax: + 27 21 689 Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 4606, Fax: + 27 21 650 4104, Email

  8. 830 nature physics | VOL 6 | NOVEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturephysics Material progress in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    progress in Africa Nithaya Chetty, Richard M. Martin and Sandro Scandolo A school on computational to the development of research in Africa. T hroughout the African Union, there is tacit understanding be the source of advancement and cooperation, with the potential to overcome political barriers within Africa

  9. Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 Digital Storytelling in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 1 Digital Storytelling in Africa Gary Marsden1 Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa, gaz@acm.org, http://www.cs.uct.ac.za/ 2) Meraka Institute of the CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa, nic.bidwell@gmail.com, http://www.meraka.org.za/ Abstract: In this paper

  10. IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    IST-Africa 2013 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC International Information Management Corporation, 2013 ISBN: 978-1-905824-38-0 Copyright © 2013 The authors www.IST-Africa, Private Bag X3 Rondebosch 7701, South Africa Tel: +27 21 650 2663, edwin@cs.uct.ac.za, gaz

  11. Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa D A V Abstract Fires burning the vast grasslands and savannas of Africa significantly influence the global carbon in equatorial East Africa. The charcoal-inferred shifts in local and regional fire regimes were compared

  12. Decline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pretoria, University of

    @zoology.up.ac.za Introduction Coastal dune forest is one of South Africa's rarest vegetation types; restricted to the easternDecline of Birds in a Human Modified Coastal Dune Forest Landscape in South Africa Morgan J modified coastal dune forest landscape in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. However, occurrence does

  13. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  14. Mantle upwellings and convective instabilities revealed by seismic tomography and helium isotope geochemistry beneath eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montagner, Jean-Paul

    geochemistry beneath eastern Africa Jean-Paul Montagner,1 Bernard Marty,2 Ele´onore Stutzmann,1 De for North and East Africa using a high resolution three-dimensional anisotropic tomographic model derived from seismic data of a French experiment ``Horn of Africa'' and existing broadband data. The joint

  15. Factors influencing infection of Acacia mearnsii by the wilt pathogen Ceratocystis albifundus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa By R. N. Heath1 , M. Van Der Linde2 , H. Groeneveld2 , B. D. Wingfield1 , M. J. Wingfield1 and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 2 Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology

  16. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  17. Development Impact Assessment (DIA) Case Study. South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Sadie; Nawaz, Kathleen; Sandor, Debra

    2015-05-19

    This case study reviews South Africa’s experience in considering the impacts of climate change action on development goals, focusing on the South African energy sector and development impact assessments (DIAs) that have and could be used to influence energy policy or inform the selection of energy activities. It includes a review of assessments—conducted by government ministries, technical partners, and academic institutes and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)—that consider employment, health, and water implications of possible energy sector actions, as well as multi-criteria impact assessments.

  18. Community asset building in rural development : an analysis of military-base redevelopment in rural host communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, Lois A., 1961-

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation is about opportunities in rural development. Often we think of development as a function of location. In the pursuit of economic development, analysts and practitioners tend to consider the advantages--economic, ...

  19. A solar box cooker for mass production in East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Funk, P.A.; Wilcke, W.F.

    1992-12-31

    A solar box cooker produced in Tanzania, East Africa with indigenous materials is described. When compared to a commercially produced glass and cardboard one, it was found to perform as well. Heat transfer through each major component of the cooker is presented. The smallest losses were through the walls of the box. The greatest losses were observed in the cover system.

  20. Interdisciplinary Minor Programs Africa in the New World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    to the Americas *History 171 The American South since 1865 History 185 Research Seminar in African History Music 5 *Anthropology 50 Freshman Seminar *Anthropology 118 Culture and Power in Africa Anthropology 149 Selected Topics Development *Economics 36 Macroeconomic Analysis for Development *Economics 60 International Economics

  1. Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa's Higher Primate Radiation Erik R remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from È37-million- year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique Egypt (5, 6). Recent paleontological work in Egypt_s Fayum Depression has resulted in the discov- ery

  2. Volunteer computers in homes to fight against Malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "Africa@home, a project conceived and coordinated by CERN1, was launched publicly this week. It is recruiting volunteer computers in homes and offices to run a computer-intensive simulation program called MalariaControl.net, developed by researchers at the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI)" (1 page)

  3. Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathogenicity of Cryphonectria eucalypti to Eucalyptus clones in South Africa Marieka Gryzenhouta in revised form 8 April 2002; accepted 16 May 2002 Abstract Eucalyptus spp. are planted in many parts of the forestry industry. The canker pathogen, Cryphonectria eucalypti, is pathogenic to Eucalyptus spp

  4. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.c ·Identify optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region based on conceptual models. #12;Measurement Importance · The potential to enhancing

  5. Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Three Years of Airborne Measurements in Mali, West Africa David Delene Department of Atmospheric of adapting operational programs from other locations to the Mali region. · Advance local scientific knowledge Measurement Objectives · Determine the variability of aerosol and cloud properties in Mali and how

  6. Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Evaluation of Mali, West Africa Airborne Measurements to Access the Potential of Enhancing Determine if cloud seeding in Mali could be beneficial.b Help determine what is the optimal seeding method for enhancing precipitation in the Mali region. #12;Measurement Importance The potential to enhancing

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne to waterborne and water-based diseases, including malaria, diarrheal diseases, river blindness

  8. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  9. Hydrological SciencesJournaldes Sciences Hydrologiques, 54(4) August 2009 Special issue: Groundwater and Climate in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    : Groundwater and Climate in Africa 655 Groundwater and climate in Africa--a review RICHARD G. TAYLOR1 , ANTONIS on water resources commonly exclude groundwater. This omission is of particular concern in Africa, where. The Groundwater and Climate in Africa Conference (http://www.gwclim.org/), held in Kampala, Uganda on 24­28 June

  10. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  11. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01

    intimate view of rural communities and their residents thatFlora with Susan Fey. Rural Communities: Legacy and Change.to provide service to community members and rural residents?

  12. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  13. Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley and Maidstone. Advisor: Suren Kulshreshtha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Saima Abbasi. Adaptation to Drought in Saskatchewan Rural Communities: A Case Study of Kindersley Planning in Rural Saskatchewan. Advsior: Jill Gunn. #12;#12;

  14. Governing Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use, Environmental Management, and Change in the North Coastal Basin of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Anne Garrity

    2010-01-01

    Rurality." Progress in Human Geography, 30, Hansen, A. J. ,Exurban' Sierra." cultural geographies, 10, 469-491. Waters,Change: An Institutional Geography of Rural Land Use,

  15. Towards a transdisciplinary approach to rural electrification planning for universal access in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borofsky, Yael

    2015-01-01

    Around 30% of India's roughly 1.2 billion people lack access to electricity, largely in rural areas. National and state rural electrification efforts are predominantly focused on grid extension, but interest in off-grid ...

  16. Policy Paper 46: Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

    2000-01-01

    and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People’sof the DPRK’s rural energy crisis, and ex- plores theas follows: The DPRK’s energy crisis. The disastrous decline

  17. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  18. Pollicy Reforms and the Gender Dynamics of Rural Mexico-to-U.S. Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richter, Susan M.; Taylor, J. Edward

    2005-01-01

    is the focus of Mexico Migration Project (MMP) surveys (for female and male migration from rural Mexico to farm andfemale and male migration from rural Mexico to the U.S. it

  19. Table HC1-8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors...

  20. Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wei-Chen

    2013-12-06

    There are 46.2 million Americans (15% of total population) living in rural counties. Rural populations disproportionately suffer from inadequate access to, high cost of, and poor quality of health services compared to urban populations. Furthermore...

  1. Evaluation of rumble strips at rural stop-controlled intersections in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Tyrell D.

    2005-11-01

    Major safety concerns are present at rural high speed intersections. When long uninterrupted tangents are located near rural intersections, the drivers can become inattentive to upcoming decision points. Traffic control ...

  2. Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Home Office Equipment by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town...

  3. Meeting the Need for Safe Drinking Water in Rural Mexico through Point-of-Use Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Micah; Kaser, Forrest; Reygadas, Fermin; Nelson, Kara; Kammen, Daniel M.

    2006-01-01

    solar disinfection (SODIS), and UV disinfection are promising alternative approaches to meeting the urgent water quality needs of rural Mexico.

  4. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  5. Avaaj Otalo --A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    voice-based social me- dia serving rural communities in India and elsewhere. Author Keywords Voice user adopted by rural communities around the world. #12;Agricultural knowledge is highly time-sensitive and conAvaaj Otalo -- A Field Study of an Interactive Voice Forum for Small Farmers in Rural India Neil

  6. The Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunt, Andrea

    communication in rural communities within a developed country--in our case, Canada. Specifically, we investigate and connectivity. To foreshadow, our results show that families in the rural and Northern communities we studiedThe Effect of Signal Expense and Dependability on Family Communication in Rural and Northern Canada

  7. Designed for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural and remote communities. Our findings indicate that work in these areas increasingly dependsDesigned for Work, but not from Here: Rural and Remote Perspectives on Networked Technology Roberta enjoy full speed, always available, broadband access, those in rural and remote environments do

  8. Bridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Ph.D. Candidate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    repercussions on the future stability of rural communities will occur. The Internet can be a powerfulBridging the Rural/Urban Digital Divide Kofi Poku Ph.D. Candidate Richard P. Vlosky, Ph, and overall, Internet access rates for rural households now approximate those of households across the country

  9. Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities's, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Transport technologies Rural communities Accessibility and connectivity a b s t r a c t Rural communities face a range of challenges associated

  10. A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in rural communities. The nature of the analysis methodology is such that during implementation phases, rural residents may be more likely to find suitable employment in their community. As is the caseA Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities

  11. Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design Heike have fostered and enriched design decisions. Recognizing that indigenous rural communities our approach at three other rural sites, two in Namibia and one in East Malaysia. The communities

  12. A quarterly publication of the Center for Rural Development Volume 4, No. 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    the research and expertise at Louisiana Tech University and rural communities with the overall goal (1) conducts research and policy analysis on issues of importance to rural Louisiana communities (2) engages Louisiana Tech faculty, staff, and students in research relevant to rural communities, and (3

  13. A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    between Louisiana Tech and communities, the Center has a new website, on which you can find informationRural Louisiana A quarterly publication of the Louisiana Tech Rural Development Center Volume 5, No. 1, Fall 2010 Editor: Aaron K. Lusby Director, Asst. Professor Louisiana Tech Rural Development

  14. Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina Marqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina requirements for logistics and transport services of small and micro rural businesses. This paper explores for the logistics requirements of rural businesses calls for intelligent software platforms that provide solutions

  15. How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    How Important Is Economic Geography for Rural Non-agricultural Employment? Lessons from Brazil ERIK-agricultural employment prospects and earnings. Key words: Rural non-agricultural employment, economic geography, Latin to assess the importance of economic geography for rural non-agricultural employment. To reach a deeper

  16. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  17. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  18. Strategic Soil Management for Rainfed Agriculture in West Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Lauren Kyla R.

    2015-08-12

    and Entisols are the most abundant soils in SSA, particularly in West Africa. These soils tend to have low inherent fertility due to natural properties rather than by virtue of nutrient mining or other anthropogenic degradation of fertility. Such natural... properties could include age of soils, weathering, and parent material. The soils of interest in this study are considered Alfisols by U.S. Taxonomy. Major constraints of Alfisols include low water holding capacity, poor nutrient reserves, low cation...

  19. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  20. IEEE Communications Magazine January 2007 111 THE INDIAN RURAL SCENARIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sridhar

    - tion. The rural per capita income is distinctly lower than the national average. Only 2.5 percent, going up to 1000 connections in a few years. Given the cost target, only a wireless technology, and highly cost-reduced, WiFi chipsets. We, however, retain only the PHY from these chipsets and propose

  1. Matrix to Identify Candidate Rural Transit Livability Measures Performance Measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to transit operating cost Increase local support for transit service as an essential service for residents boardings per capita Increase the number of unlinked transit trips per capita as an indication of transit per capita Increase the livability of a rural area by increasing the proportion of commute trips

  2. Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Cooperative Microgrid Networks for Remote and Rural Areas Eman Hammad, Abdallah Farraj, Deepa: {ehammad, abdallah, dkundur}@ece.utoronto.ca Abstract--Microgrids (MGs) with renewable energy resources cooperation gains for the microgrid network after implementing the proposed algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION

  3. Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas Peter Edwards, David Corsar, to con- struct an information ecosystem upon which a range of ap- plications and services can be built.beecroft,jeff.z.pan,yaji.sripada}@abdn.ac.uk ABSTRACT Passenger information systems (PISs) providing real-time information are valuable tools for public

  4. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014. Davis (2010).Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate Dynamics in the Developing World roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier. Geoforum. 37(1): 94-103. Book

  5. PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John F.

    April 2013 Asa Roy PV SOLAR RESOURCE GUIDE FOR RURAL DISTRIBUTORS IN TN #12;1 Introduction experience with solar power. Research and interviews with the Tennessee's Green Power Providers Program, Green Power Providers Coordinators at several urban distributors, and solar installers in Tennessee

  6. Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring J. C. MARECHAL A,D , S.marechal@brgm.fr (corresponding author) B National Geophysical Research Institute, Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research-French Centre for Groundwater Research, National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad

  7. Privatizing Public Health: Social Marketing for HIV Prevention in Tanzania, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahaffey, Erin Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Village Vigilante Groups in Tanzania. African Affairs 86:Groups among the Kuria of Tanzania. Africa: Journal of theRevivalism a Threat to Tanzania's Stability. In Questioning

  8. Putting your computer to work to fight against malaria in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    "While your are sending an email or surfing the web, your computer could be helping to tackle one of Africa's major humanitarian challenges, malaria." (1 page)

  9. Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Gesture Based Interface for Asynchronous Video Communication for Deaf People in South Africa people. The gesture interface was implemented on a store and forward video architecture since

  10. No Solution in Sight : the Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisp, Jeff

    2003-01-01

    Changing priorities in refugee protection: the Rwandanfrom Tanzania’, New Issues in Refugee Research, No. 53,The Problem of Protracted Refugee Situations in Africa By

  11. Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buskirk, Robert D.

    2004-01-01

    Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africaand renewable energy development scenarios for Eritrea, EastEritrea, East Africa in an effort to facilitate clean energy

  12. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  13. Constraints on implementing environmental impact assessments in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakonge, J.O. (UNDP, Maseru (South Africa)); Imevbore, A.M. (Univ. of Ile-ife (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01

    Africa can benefit from the experience of other areas in implementing environmental impact assessments (EIAs), but African countries face a greater challenge in achieving this goal due to such problems as inadequate environmental legislation; inappropriate institutional framework for coordination and monitoring government activities; a shortage of qualified manpower, inadequate financial resources; absence of public awareness of the need for EIAs; and lack of suitable screening procedures to determine which development projects require an EIA. Despite these difficulties, African countries can realize short- and long-term benefits from the incorporation of the EIA into their decision-making process.

  14. Solar Energy for Africa SEFA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergy InformationDepot IncHomeSystems IncAfrica

  15. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCSAccess,

  16. Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -

  17. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape File, all

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries |

  18. Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica -Countries

  19. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate OrientedUnionUnitedKingdom:Africa Jump

  20. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline ofTurkeyProgram | DepartmentU.S. andAfrica

  1. The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Chapter 4 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model #12;74 #12;75 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model Abstract The onset and duration of primary moult were investigated for Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea

  2. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17

    of travel along West African highways. Research indicates that traveling on West Africa’s highways can be onerous. In 2003, the African Development Bank admitted that what should be a 3-day trip from Bangua, Central African Republic, to Douala, Cameroon...

  3. New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

  4. NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY Recently two masters' students of visiting Norway to work with the Norwegian Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk) in Ås. This opportunity arose from a bilateral agreement between the Governments of Norway and South Africa. For Gilbert

  5. "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c. Population and a Legacy of Inequality d. New Legislation: The National Water Act of 1998 and the Water

  6. A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new species of CrypllOnectria from South Africa and Australia, pathogenic to Eucalyptus Marieka- genic to Eucalyptus. - Sydowia 54(1): 98-117. Endothia gyrosa causes cankers on several hardwood genera in North America, but occurs only on Eucalyptus spp. in South Africa and Australia. Previously, Australian

  7. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong a semidistributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), the freshwater components blue water. J. B. Zehnder (2008), Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa, Water Resour. Res., 44

  8. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in South Africa provides a limited number of scholarships for refugees at the tertiary level in Government universities, technikons and colleges in South Africa. The scholarship originated from the Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative Fund (DAFI

  9. Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Waste Management in Africa Accra, Ghana, May 26th-30th, 2014 The Earth Engineering & Waste Management (ISWM) of Ghana are pleased to announce that an interdisciplinary course and workshop course will focus on state of the art technologies for advancing sustainable waste management in Africa

  10. Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Tropospheric ozone climatology over Irene, South Africa, from 1990 to 1994 and 1998 to 2002 R. D the characteristic Southern Hemisphere springtime tropospheric ozone maximum, but its seasonal features are modulated anticyclonic gyre over southern Africa permit the buildup of relatively high springtime midtropospheric ozone

  11. Climate change and human health: Spatial modeling of water availability, malnutrition, and livelihoods in Mali, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    , and livelihoods in Mali, Africa Marta M. Jankowskaa,*,1 , David Lopez-Carrb,1 , Chris Funkc , Gregory J. Husakd Malnutrition Mali-Africa Livelihoods a b s t r a c t This study develops a novel approach for projecting climate trends in the Sahel in relation to shifting livelihood zones and health outcomes. Focusing on Mali

  12. Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Health and Disease in East Africa Course Syllabus; Spring 2011 1 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Global Health and Disease: Uganda PHS 644: Section 30 Course Syllabus ­ Spring 2012 Wednesdays 5 Prerequisites: Graduate and health professional students who plan field study in Uganda and/or East Africa

  13. 15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    15 Energy for development: solar home systemsin Africa and global carbon emissions RICHARD D. DUKEl, private and non- governmental organization (NGG) projects have already targeted SHS in Africa. The World;market transformation;photovoltaics; solar home systems; buydown ABST RACT A growingnumberofrural

  14. Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

  15. THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC CONDITIONS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 THE MURCHISON GREENSTONE BELT, SOUTH AFRICA: ACCRETED1 SLIVERS WITH CONTRASTING METAMORPHIC.09-2.92 Ga Murchison30 Greenstone Belt (MGB), located in South Africa's Kaapvaal Craton, and discusses deformation patterns observed throughout the belt. These patterns are explained by a N-S compressional36

  16. Paid Rural Interprofessional Health Preceptorships The University of Illinois National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) located at UIC's College of Medicine in Rockford is pleased to announce the offering of three PAID Rural Interprofessional Health Professions Preceptorships again this summer. Please in a graduate or professional level health professions program. Minimum qualifications are students who

  17. Human alteration of the rural landscape: Variations in visual perception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloquell-Ballester, Vicente-Agustin Carmen Torres-Sibille, Ana del; Cloquell-Ballester, Victor-Andres; Santamarina-Siurana, Maria Cristina

    2012-01-15

    The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of 'permanent industrial character', 'elements of permanent rural character' and 'elements of temporary character', and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.

  18. Extension work in Home Economics for Rural Women. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Mrs. Nat P.

    1916-01-01

    and Rural Women C L A R E N C E O U S L E Y Direc tor o... f Extens ion Service , Col lege Station, T e x a s EXTENSION W O R K IN HOME ECONOM- ICS FOR RURAL W O M E N . B y Mrs. Nat P. Jackson, Organizer Rura l W o m e n , Extens ion Service , Agr i cu l tura l and Mechanica l Col lege o f Texas . One...

  19. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  20. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  1. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Çöltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  2. Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Aurecon South Africa Aurecon provides world class technical expertise and innovative solutions on projects in more than 80 countries across Africa, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. As a global multi to make a difference. We have offices in all major cities throughout South Africa. How to Apply

  3. STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 1333. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13 STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY 55: 13­33. 2006. How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 Biosystematics Division, ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X134, Queenswood, Pretoria 0121, South Africa; 4 ARC Plant Protection Research Institute, P. Bag X5017

  4. 11.4 CLIP: CLIMATE-LAND INTERACTION PROJECT--INVESTIGATING HUMAN-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS IN EAST AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AFRICA Brent M. Lofgren* Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, Michigan Nathan J Africa is a region with an economy that is rapidly developing in a variety of sectors, an ex- panding to have significant effects on climate in other parts of Africa, leading to feedback between vegetation

  5. PhD position In situ assessment of greenhouse gases and ammonia emissions from livestock systems in East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    in East Africa The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI, www.ilri.org) in cooperation on greenhouse gases (GHG) and ammonia emissions from different livestock systems in East Africa. The candidate Africa by means of a combination of chamber measurements, eddy covariance techniques and other

  6. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2013): 363-387 Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa: Two Böhme2 Abstract. The Horn of Africa is a center of diversity for African agamid lizards. Among the nine species of Agama occurring in the Horn of Africa, Agama spinosa is the most widely distributed. The A

  7. A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Park

    , drying eastern Africa A. Park Williams · Chris Funk Received: 3 June 2010 / Accepted: 21 December 2010 Ó Africa. In recent decades (1980­2009), this response has suppressed convection over tropical eastern Africa, decreasing precipitation during the `long-rains' season of March­June. This trend toward drought

  8. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name

  9. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    -based electricity project in rural Ken- ya. Empirical research on group-based micro-grids is also rele- vant in view

  10. USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average.

  11. Factors associated with compliance among users of solar water disinfection in rural Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Concern International (PCI), implemented the campaign.PCI was well known in the study communities from prior work,SODIS in rural Bolivia. PCI introduced SODIS during an

  12. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01

    1987. "Undocuented Mexico-US Migration and the Returns toof International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley andinternational migration in rural Mexico. Simulation findings

  13. Cross-Cultural Age Ascription between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Emaj Ph.D.

    2010-01-01

    in rural ecological system of Bangladesh. 6. REFERENCESSociety and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam,Z. M. Family Values. Dhaka: Bangladesh Cooperative Society

  14. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Md. Emaj

    2009-01-01

    Bulletin. World Bank Bangladesh: A Proposal for RuralVillage Women of Bangladesh: Prospects of Change. New York:Society and Culture in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Book House. Alam.

  15. Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia in Rural Localities of the Potomac River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Articulating Race, Geography, and Nostalgia This new type ofArticulating Race, Geography, and NostalgiaARTICULATING RACE, GEOGRAPHY, AND NOSTALGIA IN RURAL

  16. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be attributed to patterns determining the origin of the air masses sampled. Aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations were in general significantly higher in air masses that passed over anthropocentrically impacted regions. Interspecies correlations and ratios gave some indications of the possible sources for the different aromatic hydrocarbons in the source regions defined in the paper. The highest contribution of aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations to ozone formation potential was also observed in plumes passing over anthropocentrically impacted regions.

  17. Lewis County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom: Energy ResourcesEnergyCoAfricaCounty

  18. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  19. Occurrence of aflatoxins in human foodstuffs in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loetter, L.H.; Kroehm, H.J.

    1988-02-01

    Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites of Aspergillus spp and have been reported as contaminants in a number of foodstuffs, namely corn, rice, peanuts, and cereals. In the Republic of South Africa, aflatoxin levels in human foodstuffs are limited to a maximum of 10 ..mu..g/kg for the total and 5 ..mu..g/kg for aflatoxin B/sub 1/. During 1985 and 1986, samples of sorghum beer, sorghum cereal, peanuts, peanut butter and maize meal were purchased from supermarkets in Johannesburg and analyzed for aflatoxins. A total of 414 samples were analyzed during the survey. In 1985, roughly a third of the samples were contaminated with aflatoxins, with no levels in excess of the legal limit. In 1986 the percentage of contaminated samples rose significantly, but the levels of contamination remained low, with only one sample exceeding the legal maximum.

  20. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  1. NCRHP presents at the NRHA Several faculty and staff from the National Center for Rural Health Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Simon

    Professions (NCRHP) presented at the National Rural Health Association (NRHA) conference this week. ¡Éxito! Preparing Latino Youth for Health Professions." In National Rural Health Association Multiracial

  2. On the use of satellite-based estimates of rainfall temporal distribution to simulate the potential for malaria transmission in rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamana, Teresa K.

    [1] This paper describes the use of satellite-based estimates of rainfall to force the Hydrology, Entomology and Malaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS), a hydrology-based mechanistic model of malaria transmission. We ...

  3. Deforestation and Rural Society in the Nepalese Terai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    1987-01-01

    ~encouraged huge numbers of rural mounlain and hill people 10 migrate into the Terai plain. 1lle innux inlO the Terai was a result of both the government's resettlement's programmes and illegal encroachment. The construction of the East-West highway and its... . and Uprety, L. 1991 Vayda, A.P. 1981 "Human Impacton SomeForeslSofMiddleHiIIsof Nepal". Parts 1-4. Forestry in the ConteXl of the Traditional Resources of the State. Mountain Researeh and Development Forest Conseryation in Nepal: Encouraging WOml...

  4. Rural Electrification in India: Economic and Industrial Aspects of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cust, J.; Singh, Anoop; Neuhoff, Karsten

    ). Our fieldwork finds the estimated cost per unit between Rs.6 and Rs.8 for existing biomass plants in rural areas. 2.3.2 Small Hydro  Small run-of-river hydro has enjoyed modest success in many locations across India (Gunaratne 2002; IEA 2002) as a... (RGGVY 2006). The criteria upon which SEBs identify these ‘remote’ villages is largely based on physical constraints such as hard-to-reach locations, rather than an optimization of the economically appropriate mix between grid and off-grid solutions...

  5. Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

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  7. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

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  8. Darke Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  9. Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

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  10. Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

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  11. Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  13. Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, UnitedLiberty PowerLine ExtensionLinn County Rural E C

  15. Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

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  17. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbH EFCFBA FrancoFRED HomeFabFairwindRural

  18. Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

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  19. Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

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  20. Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

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