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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alaska Rural Energy Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Organized and sponsored by the Alaska Energy Authority and the Alaska Center for Energy and Power, the Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event featuring a wide array of technical...

2

Rural Energy Conference Project  

SciTech Connect

Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Eligibility Residential Savings For Home Weatherization...

4

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Eligibility Residential Savings For Home...

5

Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by 12 Utilities) Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by 12 Utilities)...

6

Endependence: renewable energy in a rural community.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rural Kansas communities are almost entirely dependent on large energy corporations. These corporations, in turn, are almost completely dependent on fossil fuels for energy production.… (more)

Schuette, Krystal M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

launched their most recent publication: Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, Quality Standards and Business Models. Taping into its members' experience...

8

Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump...

9

Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality standards and business models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality standards and business models Agency/Company /Organization: The Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/ARE_TECHNOL Cost: Free Language: English This publication aims to give eve- ryone, from the general public to decision makers, from potential investors to project promoters, the tools to understand what off-grid renewable energy technologies are all about.

10

Rural Living Canada Website | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Living Canada Website Rural Living Canada Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Rural Living Canada Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: rurallivingcanada.4t.com/Pag00167.htm Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/rural-living-canada-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Regulations: Net Metering & Interconnection This website is a compendium of Canadian non-urban energy access resources and websites since 1998. The website lists several resources for rural communities that cover more than just energy related technologies or

11

Wind Energy for Rural Economic Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wind industry contributes to the economies of 46 states, and the outlook for regional economic growth from wind energy is heartening. Wind energy projects provide new jobs, a new source of revenue to farmers and ranchers, and an increased local tax base for rural communities. And wind energy is homegrown energy that helps secure our energy future during uncertain times while reducing pollution emissions and preserving our precious water resources. In fact, achieving the goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative during the next 20 years will create$60 billion in capital investment in rural America, provide$1.2 billion in new income for farmers and rural landowners, and create 80,000 new jobs. Wind energy is the fastest-growing energy source in the world, and rural communities are poised to reap the benefits. This brochure provides rural stakeholders with information about wind energy projects and rural economic development, including case studies an d resources for those interested in bringing wind energy to their communities.

Not Available

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Viet Nam Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Viet Nam Rural Electrification Viet Nam Rural Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Viet Nam Rural Electrification Location of project Vietnam Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling Year initiated 2009 Organization Asian Development Bank Website http://www.adb.org/news/adb-he Coordinates 14.058324°, 108.277199° References Asian Development Bank[1] The Asian Development Bank (ADB) extended a US$151 million loan to help Viet Nam expand and improve electricity services in poor and remote communities. References ↑ "Asian Development Bank" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Viet_Nam_Rural_Electrification&oldid=421881" Category: Energy Access Projects What links here Related changes Special pages

13

Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe/7 Main outcomes from policy workshop ­ Most stakeholders agreed that small energy enterprises could play and regulations favoring the installation of off-grid renewable energy systems. #12;12 Second policy support 2

14

Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enterprise Development (AREED) Enterprise Development (AREED) Jump to: navigation, search Name Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, Finance Website http://www.areed.org/ Country Ghana, Mali, Tanzania, Senegal, Zambia Western Africa, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Africa, Eastern Africa References AREED[1] Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) Screenshot "The United Nations Environment Programme's Rural Energy Enterprise Development (REED) initiative operates in Africa as AREED to develop new

15

BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

renewable energy applications and assessment from China can be very helpful in defining a global sustainableBULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural

Delaware, University of

16

Renewable Energy for Sustainable Rural Village Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is estimated that two billion people live without electricity and its services worldwide. In addition, there is a sizeable number of rural villages that have limited electrical service, with either part-day operation by diesel generator or partial electrification. For many villages connected to the grid, power is often sporadically available and of poor quality. The US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, has initiated a program that involves hybrid systems, to address these potential electricity opportunities in rural villages through the application of renewable energy technologies.1 The objective of this program is to develop and implement applications that demonstrate the technical performance, economic competitiveness, operational viability, and environmental benefits of renewable rural electric solutions, compared to the conventional options of line extension and isolated diesel mini-grids. Hybrid systems are multi-disciplinary, multi-technology, multi-application programs composed of six activities, including village applications development, computer model development, systems analysis, pilot project development, technical assistance, and Internet-based village power project data base. While the current program emphasizes wind, photovoltaics (PV), and their hybrids with diesel generator, micro-hydro and micro-biomass technologies may be integrated in the future. Thirteen countries are actively engaged in hybrid systems for rural and remote applications and another dozen countries have requested assistance in exploring wind/PV hybrid systems within their territories. At present rural/remote site application of renewable technologies is the fastest growing aspect of renewable energy worldwide.

Touryan, J. O. V.; Touryan, K. J.

1999-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

17

Rural Energy: A Practical Primer for Productive Applications | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Energy: A Practical Primer for Productive Applications Rural Energy: A Practical Primer for Productive Applications Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Rural Energy: A Practical Primer for Productive Applications Agency/Company /Organization: Jerome Weingart and Daniele Giovannucci Partner: World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Geothermal, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar PV, Water Power, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.dgiovannucci.net/docs/Rural_Energy-A_Practical_Primer_for_Producti Cost: Free Language: English This is part of a series of straightforward and practical (rather than an

18

Sustainable Rural Energy Development in Brazil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under the Luz Para Todos ('Lights for All') Program, the Government of Brazil (GOB) seeks to provide basic electricity services to all its citizens by 2008. An estimated 2.5 million rural households (over 12 million Brazilians) currently lack electric service, with approximately 80% of them located in rural areas. Since many of these households are too geographically isolated to be connected to the national grid, they will receive distributed energy systems, and the government hopes to maximize the use of local renewable resources to service them. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is working with the GOB and a variety of local partners to identify and implement sustainable off-grid solutions to meet Brazil's rural energy needs. Focused in the Amazon region, these collaborative activities are, on one hand, using field-based activities to build local technical capacity and design replicable models for rural energy development, while on the other hand helping to develop the institutional structures that will be necessary to sustain distributed renewable energy development on a large-scale in Brazil.

Ghandour, A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations (Indiana) Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Grant Program Industry Recruitment/Support Performance-Based Incentive Personal Tax Incentives Property Tax Incentive Rebate Program Provider Office of Energy Development This legislation encourages the development of alternative energy projects using clean or renewable resources by rural electric membership corporations. The section establishes the Office of Alternative Energy Incentives within the Office of Energy Development, as well as an

20

Rural Energy Services Best Practices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practices Practices Jump to: navigation, search Name Rural Energy Services Best Practices Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Partner South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.sari-energy.org/Pro Country Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Rural Energy Services Best Practices[1] Summary "The rural electricity market is very complex in South Asia. This is due to fact that the traditional model of utility-based centralized grid extension cannot cover the entire population for demographic and economic reasons. To some extent the gap in providing rural electrification has been filled by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop Place Kentucky Utility Id 14724 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Watt Metal Halide With Pole Lighting 100 Watt Metal Halide Without Pole Lighting 100 Watt Sodium With Pole Lighting 100 Watt Sodium Without Pole Lighting 175 Watt Metal Halide With Pole Lighting 175 Watt Metal Halide Without Pole Lighting 200 Watt Sodium With Pole Lighting

22

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by technology Provider Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County

23

Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Federated Rural Electric Assn Federated Rural Electric Assn Place Minnesota Utility Id 6258 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service (Multiphase) - Commercial Commercial General Service (Multiphase)- Residential Residential General Service (Multiphase)-Commercial-Wind Energy Electric Service Commercial General Service (Multiphase)-Residential-Wind Energy Electric Service Residential General Service - Commercial Commercial General Service - Residential Residential General Service(Multiphase)- Commercial-Temporary Service Commercial

24

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools  

SciTech Connect

This publication addresses the need for energy in schools, primarily those schools that are not connected to the electric grid. This guide will apply mostly to primary and secondary schools located in non-electrified areas. In areas where grid power is expensive and unreliable, this guide can be used to examine other energy options to conventional power. The authors' goal is to help the reader to accurately assess a school's energy needs, evaluate appropriate and cost-effective technologies to meet those needs, and to implement an effective infrastructure to install and maintain the hardware.

Jimenez, A.C.; Lawand, T.

2000-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

25

Club for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Club for Rural Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Name Club for Rural Electrification Place Freiburg, Germany Zip 79114 Sector Solar Product An industry association of...

26

Intermountain Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intermountain Rural Elec Assn Intermountain Rural Elec Assn Place Colorado Utility Id 9336 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Demand Metered Time of Use (B-TOU) Commercial Commercial Service Three Phase (E3) Commercial Commercial Service-Demand Metered (B) Commercial Commercial Time of Use Single Phase(E1-TOU) Commercial Commercial Time of Use Three Phase (E3-TOU) Commercial

27

Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Co Rural Electric Co Place Nevada Utility Id 20332 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Irrigation Service Commercial Large Commercial Commercial Large Power Service (51-500 KVA) Industrial Municipal Street Light Lighting Residential Service Residential Seasonal Service Commercial Security Light- 175 W Lighting Security Light-250 W Lighting Small Commercial Commercial Small Irrigation Service Commercial

28

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Rural Energy for America Program  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Rural Energy for America Program Rural Energy for America Program The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) offers grant and loan opportunities to farmers to help fund renewable energy projects and energy efficiency on the farm including wind projects. The program also provides grants for energy audits and renewable energy development assistance. The program assists farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses reduce energy costs and consumption to help the nation meet its energy needs. The program also helps to support and stimulate rural economic development through the creation of new renewable energy sources and income, while it creates jobs and new uses for agricultural products. Congress allocated the following funding for the program. For appropriations updates see the FarmEnergy.org Web site.

29

Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

either benefit from energy access or supply their communities with energy services. #12;Lacayo 3 Timeline and domestic use, and small scale industry, as shown in table 1. Most of the energy needs in rural areasLacayo 1 Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for Effective UN Projects Antonio I

Mauzerall, Denise

30

Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL Rural Electrification NREL Rural Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Ghana Rural Electrification Name Ghana Rural Electrification Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner UNDP and GEF Sector Energy Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Program Start 1996 Program End 2002 Country Ghana Western Africa References NREL International Program Overview [1] Abstract From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. From 1996-2002, NREL supported the development of a rural electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. NREL also piloted a business model for providing energy services in rural areas of Ghana.[1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 NREL International Program Overview - Ghana

31

Columbia Rural Electric Association- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Rural Electric Association offers its residential customers a variety of rebates for the purchase of energy efficient equipment and measures. Eligible equipment includes efficient clothes...

32

Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by 12 Utilities) Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by 12 Utilities) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Solar Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by utility and equipment type Provider Central Iowa Power Cooperative The Central Iowa Power Cooperative (CIPCO) is a generation and transmission cooperative serving 12 rural electric cooperatives (REC) and one municipal

33

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural TotalEnergy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural TotalEnergy Use: Summary County Usage, 1990 Fuel Units Urban Rural Total

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate Maximum Loan: $30,000 Program Info State Maryland Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Loan amount: varies Grant: 10% of loan amount Provider Maryland Agricultural and Resource Based Industry Development Corporation The Maryland Agricultural and Resource Based Industry Development Corporation (MARBIDCO) offers low interest loans for energy efficiency improvements to farms and rural businesses through the Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program. The program is designed to facilitate the purchase of equipment or technology that lowers business energy consumption. Applicants must have a credit score of at least 650

35

Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Agency/Company /Organization: The Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English This important statement to reflect what the industry is doing for rural electrification in terms of products, services and financing, what are the challenges ahead (based on the industry experience) and what is the role of ARE vis-à-vis to this industry.

36

USDA - Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grants | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grants Grants USDA - Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grants < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Institutional Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate 25% of project cost Program Info Start Date FY 2003 Program Type Federal Grant Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider U.S. Department of Agriculture '''''Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development issues periodic Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP). The deadline for grant applications under the most

37

Rural Innovation Fund (Kentucky) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Innovation Fund (Kentucky) Innovation Fund (Kentucky) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on August 29, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Kentucky Applies to States or Provinces Kentucky Name Rural Innovation Fund (Kentucky) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Equity Investment, Grant Program Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Primary Website http://startups.kstc.com/index.php/funding-opportunities/kef-funds Information Source http://startups.kstc.com/images/resource_docs/rif%20guidelines%2020130131.pdf

38

Rural Energy Options Analysis Training Development and Implementation at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has developed a rural energy options analysis training program for rural energy decision makers that provides knowledge, skills and tools for the evaluation of technologies, including renewables, for rural energy applications. Through the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP), NREL has refined materials for the program and developed a module that offers hands-on training in the preparation of data for options analysis using HOMER, NREL's micropower optimization model. NREL has used the materials for training in Brazil, the Maldives, Mexico, and Sri Lanka.

Gilman, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate $25,000 Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount up to $25,000 Provider Butler Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc. Butler Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc. provides low interest loans (3%) for members to make energy efficiency improvements in eligible homes. There is a $15 application fee for all loans plus additional closing costs

40

Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Cooling Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: $100 Dishwasher: $50 Room AC Unit: $50 Water Heaters: $50 - $100 CFL Light Bulbs: Free Geothermal Heat Pumps: $250/ton Ground Loop Replacement: $500/ton Dual Fuel Air Source Heat Pumps: $150/ton Provider Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Property Type Quantity Description The estimated potential energy generation from utility-scale PV in rural areas of a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_of_energy It's possible types are Watt hours - 1000 Wh, Watt hour, Watthour Kilowatt hours - 1 kWh, Kilowatt hour, Kilowatthour Megawatt hours - 0.001 MWh, Megawatt hour, Megawatthour Gigawatt hours - 0.000001 GWh, Gigawatt hour, Gigawatthour Joules - 3600000 J, Joules, joules Pages using the property "PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration"

42

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Columbia Rural Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Expiration Date 9/31/2013 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: $50 Dish Washer: $20 Refrigerator: $35 Freezer: $20 Electric Water Heater: $25 Marathon Electric Water Heater: $150 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heater: $150 CFLs: $1 - $10/fixture PTCS Duct Sealing: $300 PTCS Commissioning/Controls: $200

43

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate 50% of installed costs Geothermal Heat Pumps: 20 tons General: See equipment brochure for specific technology incentive caps Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Indoor Agricultural Lighting: Varies; see program web site Dairy/Livestock: Varies

44

Renewable Energy Applications for Rural Development in China  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper provides a description of current work to promote and support the developing market for renewable (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in China. Since the signing of the US/China Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Utilization in 1995, NREL has helped to promote RE and EE technologies, specifically rural energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and renewable energy business development, in addition to more general policy and planning support. This paper focuses on NREL's work in support of the $240 million Township Electrification Program, which is providing power to over 1000 rural communities using renewable based energy sources.

Ku, J.; Baring-Gould, E. I.; Stroup, K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/ Country Mozambique UN Region Eastern Africa References Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods[1] Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Screenshot Background "This report documents how the spread of biofuels is affecting land access for poorer groups in Mozambique, and what actions are being taken,

46

Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project Location of project Mongolia Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling, Earning a living Year initiated 2006 Organization World Bank Website http://documents.worldbank.org Coordinates 46.862496°, 103.846656° References The World Bank[1] The objective of the Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project is to increase access to electricity and improve reliability of electricity service among the herder population and in off-grid soum centers by: (i) assisting the development of institutions and delivery mechanisms; (ii) facilitating herders' investments in Solar Home Systems (SHSs) and small

47

The Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A brief general picture of the world, european and italian energy situations is made, analyzing several different energy sources and paying attention to the relations energy-quality of life, energy-environment and energy-health. Then will be discussed fossil fuels, renewable energies, the role of electric energy, nuclear energy, energy savings, the greenhouse effect, a possible sustainable development, the hydrogen economy and the risk and its perception. Then follow the conclusions and perspectives.

Giacomelli, Giorgio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Agency/Company /Organization: Abeeku Brew-Hammond & Anna Crole-Rees Partner: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Develop Goals, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.beta.undp.org/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/sustaina

49

Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas June 16, 2010 - 1:09pm Addthis Community Power Corporation's modular biomass systems can generate up to 100 kilowatts of energy. | Courtesy of Community Power Corporation Community Power Corporation's modular biomass systems can generate up to 100 kilowatts of energy. | Courtesy of Community Power Corporation Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands. For Robb Walt, president of Community Power Corporation (CPC) in Littleton, Colo., one answer is community-scale, bio-energy service companies, or

50

Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas June 16, 2010 - 1:09pm Addthis Community Power Corporation's modular biomass systems can generate up to 100 kilowatts of energy. | Courtesy of Community Power Corporation Community Power Corporation's modular biomass systems can generate up to 100 kilowatts of energy. | Courtesy of Community Power Corporation Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands. For Robb Walt, president of Community Power Corporation (CPC) in Littleton, Colo., one answer is community-scale, bio-energy service companies, or

51

The energy transition in rural China Leiwen Jiang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economic conditions allowed rural households to significantly increase their energy consumption in the form of the energy transition. We find that residential energy consumption varies tremendously across geographic energy derived from biomass. However, this outcome could occur under a variety of conditions

52

Problems in High Energy Astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This contribution discusses some of the main problems in high energy astrophysics, and the perspectives to solve them using different types of "messengers": cosmic rays, photons and neutrinos

Lipari, Paolo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Problems in High Energy Astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This contribution discusses some of the main problems in high energy astrophysics, and the perspectives to solve them using different types of "messengers": cosmic rays, photons and neutrinos

Paolo Lipari

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

54

Glidden Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Glidden Rural Electric Coop Glidden Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Glidden Rural Electric Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 7303 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1190/kWh Commercial: $0.0705/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Glidden_Rural_Electric_Coop&oldid=410745" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

55

Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conven Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Rural Electric Conven Coop Place Illinois Utility Id 16420 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes...

56

Northeastern Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeastern Rural E M C Northeastern Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Northeastern Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 20603 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 1000W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 100W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 150W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 175W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 200W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 250W Lighting

57

Biogas as a source of rural energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, with nearly 2.15 million cattle and 0.7 million buffalo, has the potential to install 0.64 million biogas plants of 1 m{sup 3} size. These plants could generate nearly 4.90 x 105 m{sup 3} of biogas, equivalent to 3.07 x 10{sup 5} L kerosene per day to meet domestic energy needs of nearly one-fourth of its rural population. During 1982--1998, only 12.8% of this potential was achieved. The percent of possible potential achieved in plant installations in 12 districts of this state, namely, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Solan, and Una, are 35.35, 1.70, 20.96, 8.67, 1.54, 6.96, 0.00, 18.49, 3.84, 8.521, 18.29, and 13.23%, respectively. There is a need to strengthen biogas promotion, particularly in the districts of Kangra, Mandi, Solan, and Una, which range from mid-hill to low-hill terrain and which have large potential due to high concentration of bovine population. Increased costs and comparatively low rate of subsidies has resulted in a decreasing rate of plant installation annually, from 3,500 during 1987--1992 to fewer than 1,200 during 1995--1998. The percentage of functioning plants was 82% in 1987--1988 but has decreased to 63%. To ensure proper installation and functionality of plants, the authors discuss the needed improvements in the biogas promotion program.

Kalia, A.K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Solving the Prize-collecting Rural Postman Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recycling bins by a private entity. Additionally, problems of this type might appear as subprob- lems in the pricing stage when addressing capacitated ERPs by ...

59

Solving the Rural Postman problem using the Adleman-Lipton model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this survey we investigate the application of the Adleman-Lipton model on Rural Postman problem, which given an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ with positive integer lengths on each of its edges and a subset $E^{'}\\subseteq E$, asks whether there exists a hamiltonian circuit that includes each edge of $E^{'}$ and has total cost (sum of edge lengths) less or equal to a given integer B (we are allowed to use any edges of the set $E-E^{'}$, but we must use all edges of the set $E'$). The Rural Postman problem (RPP) is a very interesting NP-complete problem used, especially, in network optimization. RPP is actually a special case of the Route Inspection problem, where we need to traverse all edges of an undirected graph at a minimum total cost. As all NP-complete problems, it currently admits no efficient solution and if actually $P\

Matsakis, Nicolaos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Missouri Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Missouri Rural Electric Coop Missouri Rural Electric Coop Place Missouri Utility Id 12700 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Security Lighting Lighting General Service Multi-Phase Commercial Large Power (Over 50 kVA) Industrial Residential Single-Phase Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1020/kWh Commercial: $0.0940/kWh Industrial: $0.0532/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Missouri_Rural_Electric_Coop&oldid=411107

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Coop Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Illinois Rural Electric Coop Place Illinois Utility Id 9209 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC SERC Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png A Rate Commercial B Rate Commercial Irrigation Rate Commercial Large Power Rate Commercial Large Power- Interruptible Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1420/kWh Commercial: $0.1090/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

62

Lyon Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Coop Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Lyon Rural Electric Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 11298 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Electric Heat- Single or Three Phase Commercial All Electric Public Facility Commercial Interrruptible Controlled Single or Three Phase Commercial Large Commercial- Three Phase Commercial Large Primary Metered- Three Phase Commercial Large Three Phase Contracted Service Industrial Residential and Farm Residential Small Commercial- Three Phase Commercial

63

Whitewater Valley Rural EMC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Rural EMC Valley Rural EMC Jump to: navigation, search Name Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Place Indiana Utility Id 20216 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule GS - General Service Multi Phase Commercial Schedule GS - General Service Single Phase Commercial Schedule GS TOU - General Service Time-of-Use Commercial Schedule IP - Industrial Power Service Industrial Schedule LP - Large Power Service Multi Phase Industrial Schedule LP - Large Power Service Single Phase Industrial

64

Licking Rural Electric Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Inc Rural Electric Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Licking Rural Electric Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 10668 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png CO-GENERATION AND/OR SMALL POWER PRODUCTION FACILITIES NET METERING - 25 KW & LESS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RATE Industrial LARGE GENERAL SERVICE Commercial MEDIUM GENERAL SERVICE Commercial OUTDOOR LIGHTING SERVICE- 100 W HPS Carriage Lighting OUTDOOR LIGHTING SERVICE- 100 W HPS Cobrahead Lighting

65

Rural Innovation Fund (Kentucky) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Fund (Kentucky) Innovation Fund (Kentucky) Rural Innovation Fund (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Equity Investment Grant Program Provider Kentucky Science and Technology Corp. This fund provides capital to early-stage technology companies located in rural areas of Kentucky. Companies may apply for a $30,000 grant or an investment up to $100,000.

66

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village Agency/Company /Organization: Howells, Alfstad, Victor, Goldstein and Remme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: iea-etsap.org/web/Workshop/worksh_6_2003/2003P_howells.pdf Cost: Free UN Region: Southern Africa Language: English This paper reports on efforts to extend a MARKAL energy model for South Africa to include rural energy choices, allowing for computation of optimal energy systems in a typical (non-electrified) rural village.

67

USD 373 Walton Rural Life Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walton Rural Life Wind Project Walton Rural Life Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name USD 373 Walton Rural Life Wind Project Facility USD 373 Walton Rural Life Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location KS Coordinates 38.118351°, -97.260567° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.118351,"lon":-97.260567,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity Property Type Quantity Description The nameplate capacity technical potential from rural utility-scale PV for a particular place. Use this property to express potential electric energy generation, such as Nameplate Capacity. The default unit is megawatts (MW). For spatial capacity, use property Volume. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 1 MW,MWe,megawatt,Megawatt,MegaWatt,MEGAWATT,megawatts,Megawatt,MegaWatts,MEGAWATT,MEGAWATTS 1000 kW,kWe,KW,kilowatt,KiloWatt,KILOWATT,kilowatts,KiloWatts,KILOWATT,KILOWATTS 1000000 W,We,watt,watts,Watt,Watts,WATT,WATTS 1000000000 mW,milliwatt,milliwatts,MILLIWATT,MILLIWATTS 0.001 GW,gigawatt,gigawatts,Gigawatt,Gigawatts,GigaWatt,GigaWatts,GIGAWATT,GIGAWATTS

69

Brightness Rural Electrification Program: Renewable Energy in China  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet describes China's New Brightness Rural Electrification Program to provide electricity for 23 million people in remote areas of China using renewable energy such as wind energy and solar power (photovoltaics). Targets, results, and progress are described. Regions targeted are Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Gansu.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Nonprofit Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate 50% of installed cost Geothermal Heat Pumps: 20 tons Weatherization (Insulation) Measures: $2,200 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New Home Construction Only: All-Star Home/HERS Bonus: $100 - $250 Existing Homes Only: Building Insulation/Duct Sealing/Infiltration Control: Up to $800

71

Rural Community-Based Energy Development Act (Nebraska) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community-Based Energy Development Act (Nebraska) Community-Based Energy Development Act (Nebraska) Rural Community-Based Energy Development Act (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Training/Technical Assistance Provider Economic Development This act aims to create new rural economic development opportunities

72

Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrification Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Alliance for Rural Electrification Name Alliance for Rural Electrification Address Rue d'Arlon 63-65 Place 1040 Brussels, Belgium Website http://www.ruralelec.org/ Coordinates 50.842488°, 4.3740257° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.842488,"lon":4.3740257,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activities Activities Jump to: navigation, search Logo: NREL Rural Electrification Activities in Chile Name NREL Rural Electrification Activities in Chile Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner Chilean Government Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.cne.cl/cnewww/openc Program Start 1997 Program End 2004 References NREL International Program Overview [1] Abstract NREL has provided technical expertise to take a large projects in Chile from initial assessment to implementation. The goal of the NREL activities was to assist the Chilean Comission Nacinal de Energia (CNE) and other Chilean organizations in the development of training infrastructure through capacity building, technical assistance and industry/project support.

74

Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 7558 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location ECAR NERC RFC Yes NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule 1- Home & Farm Service Residential Schedule 10- Residential Time of Day Residential Schedule 11- Small Commercial Time of Day Commercial Schedule 15- Residential Demand & Energy Rate Residential Schedule 16- Small Commercial Demand & Energy Rate Commercial Schedule 2- Commerical & Small Power less than 50 kVa Commercial

75

USDA - Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantees | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Loan Guarantees Loan Guarantees USDA - Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantees < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate $25 million per loan guarantee Program Info Start Date FY 2003 Program Type Federal Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider U.S. Department of Agriculture '''''Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development issues periodic Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP). The deadline to apply for loan guarantees under the most recent solicitation is July 15, 2013, though combined grant and loan

76

Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics (Energia Removable para Centros de Salud Rurales)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This guide provides a broad understanding of the technical, social, and organizational aspects of health clinic electrification, especially through the use of renewable energy sources. It is intended to be used primarily by decision makers within governments or private agencies to accurately assess their health clinic's needs, select appropriate and cost-effective technologies to meet those needs, and to put into place effective infrastructure to install and maintain the hardware. This is the first in a series of rural applications guidebooks that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Village Power Program is commissioning to couple commercial renewable systems with rural applications. The guidebooks are complemented by NREL's Village Power Program's development activities, international pilot projects, and visiting professionals program. For more information on the NREL Village Power Program, visit the Renewables for Sustainable Village Power web site at http://www.rsvp.nrel .gov/rsvp/.

Jimenez, A. C.; Olson, K.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooperative Wind Farm Cooperative Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm Facility Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Developer Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Energy Purchaser Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Location Pike County IL Coordinates 39.6189°, -90.9627° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.6189,"lon":-90.9627,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

78

Alternative energy resources: study of rural application possibilities in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Rural application possibilities of solar energy, including wind and biogas, in Turkey are undertaken. A solar market survey is presented. Economic viabilities of hot water heating, passive house heating, water pumping by thermodynamic means and solar pond applications are drawn. The emphasis is on settlements far from the electricity network and for which the diesel may not be economic. 10 refs.

Aybers, N.; Yarman, T.; Ozil, E.; Ogelman, H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Renewable Energy for Rural Development in Ethiopia: The Case for New Energy Policies and Institutional Reform. Energy Policy 30  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article argues the case for introducing new energy policies in Ethiopia that will ensure energy initiatives for rural development meet the desired expectations. A review of the rural energy sector in Ethiopia is presented. Rural communities have for centuries relied solely on traditional biomass energy sources, human and animal power. In addition, sample findings show that the basic stock of traditional biomass energy resources is dwindling fast for two reasons: one, due to rapid population growth; and two, due to the absence of energy substitutes for traditional energy sources. Renewable energy technologies (RETs) and other modern energy technologies are almost non-existent. In terms of budgetary allocation, rural energy development has not received a fair share of public investment in comparison to education, rural road construction and health. A key policy recommendation made in this article is the need for commitment from concerned authorities to the use of renewables for spurring rural development. This could be through increasing the budget allocation to rural energy, which is currently negligible. Other policy recommendations include the modification of existing institutional frameworks for rural energy delivery, and the design and implementation of appropriate rural energy initiatives suitable for productive activities and sustainable development.

W. Wolde-ghiorgis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop Corp Rural Elec Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 20130 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Non-Residential GSA1 Industrial Non-Residential GSA2 Industrial Non-Residential GSA3 Industrial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0938/kWh Commercial: $0.1070/kWh Industrial: $0.0751/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Warren

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Warren County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warren County Rural E M C Warren County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Warren County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 20111 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Distributed General Rider Commercial General Service Off-Peak Energy Rider Commercial General Service Single Phase Electric Service Rate Schedule Commercial General Service Single Phase Time of Use Electric Service Rate Schedule Commercial General Service Three-Phase Electric Service Rate Schedule Commercial General Service Three-Phase Time of Use Electric Service Rate Schedule

82

Lagrange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lagrange County Rural E M C Lagrange County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Lagrange County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 10562 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Envirowatts Alternative Energy Program Commercial Irrigation Commercial Irrigation, Load Control Commercial Large Commercial Commercial Medium Commercial(Coincident Peak) Commercial Rate Schedule C01, Small Commercial Commercial Rate Schedule C10, Medium Commercial Commercial Rate Schedule DG1, Small Distributed Generation Residential

83

Meade County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Meade County Rural E C C Meade County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name Meade County Rural E C C Place Kentucky Utility Id 12243 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC RFC Yes NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting - 175 Watt metered Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 400 Watt unmetered Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 400 watt metered Lighting Outdoor lighting - 175 Watt unmetered Lighting Reneable Energy Commercial Schedule 1 Residential Schedule 2 Commercial Schedule 3A Industrial Schedule 3R Industrial

84

Boone County Rural EMC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EMC EMC Jump to: navigation, search Name Boone County Rural EMC Place Indiana Utility Id 24753 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png EnviroWatts- Green Power Rate Rider, All Customer Rate Classes Commercial Outdoor lighting(On Existing Pole) Lighting Outdoor lighting(On New Pole) Lighting SCHEDULE GS-6 GENERAL SERVICE SINGLE PHASE ELECTRIC SERVICE Commercial SCHEDULE LP-6 LARGE POWER ELECTRIC SERVICE Commercial SCHEDULE SP-6 SMALL POWER - MULTI-PHASE ELECTRIC SERVICE Commercial

85

Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coop, Inc Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Rural Electric Coop, Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 16382 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 175 Watt MVL Lighting 250 Watt MVL Lighting 400 Watt MVL Lighting 700 Watt MVL Lighting Commercial Lighting and Power , Three-Phase Commercial Commercial Lighting and Power 2 , Three-Phase Commercial Commercial Lighting and Power Sevice 2,Single -Phase Commercial Commercial Lighting and Power Sevice, Single-Phase Commercial Farm and Residential Services Residential

86

Franklin Rural Electric Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooperative Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name Franklin Rural Electric Cooperative Place Iowa Utility Id 6722 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Electric Space Heating Residential Intersection Lights Lighting Multi-Phase (100 kVa & Under) Commercial Multi-Phase (Over 100 kVa) Commercial Multi-Phase (Primary Metered Over 100 kVa) Commercial Security Lights Lighting Single Phase Commercial Storage Space Heating Residential Storage Water Heating Residential Average Rates

87

Successful Rural Wind Program in Peru | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Successful Rural Wind Program in Peru Successful Rural Wind Program in Peru Jump to: navigation, search Name Bringing electricity to the Andes Agency/Company /Organization Soluciones Practicas - NGO Partner Deutsche Welle Sector Energy Focus Area Wind Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type Video Website http://www.dw-world.de/dw/0,,1 Country Peru UN Region South America Many villages in the remote northern highlands of Peru are not connected to the electricity grid. Alternative energy sources are proving a big help. The aid organization "Soluciones Practicas" has installed micro wind turbines in many villages in the Cajamarca region that provide several thousand people with a daily electricity supply. It's helping boost their educational chances, improve communication and facilitate the setting up of

88

Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/ Country Tanzania UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

89

China-NREL Rural Electrification Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: China Rural Electrification Name China Rural Electrification Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner Chinese State Development and Planning Commission Sector Energy Topics Background analysis Country China Eastern Asia References NREL International Program Overview SDPC Brightness Program/Township Electrification Program $240M SDPC grant for 17 MW PV and wind village power systems; 800 townships in 2002-2003 SDPC to supply remaining 20,000 unconnected villages in next phases Training certification framework for SHS, village power and hybrid systems: Certified 4 master trainers for SHS (7/02) Prepare village power training manual (1/03) Technical training workshop (1/03) - train technicians on village power system, installation, O&M, repair

90

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to the number of...

91

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.75 Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not...

92

Transportation energy contingency plans for rural areas and small communities  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to determine the most effective transportation fuel conservation measures which could be implemented by such areas during energy emergencies. The study involved a review of the transportation fuels contingency planning literature, state transportation energy contingency plans (with special emphasis on that for Missouri) and transportation studies recently conducted in rural Missouri, together with a survey by mail of local government officials, telephone interviews with rural residents and participation in two community-wide attitude surveys in the Meramec Region of Missouri. On the basis of the review of the literature and the results of the surveys, recommendations have been made on both the strategies that could be implemented to reduce gasoline consumption in rural areas and the institutional arrangements required for coping with a transportation fuels shortage. For small communities and rural areas of Missouri, it was specifically recommended that the multi-county regional planning commission should become the lead agency in implementing and coordinating fuel conservation measures in the event of a serious petroleum shortfall. Each regional planning commission would serve as a single focal point in communicating with the State Energy Office in behalf of its numerous county and city members. Furthermore, the existing statewide network of emergency preparedness officers should be utilized to inventory local fuel distribution services, monitor local service station operating practices and to serve motorists who might be stranded without fuel. Finally, the University of Missouri Cooperative Extension Service should offer educational programs covering topics as fuel conserving driving techniques, vehicle maintenance, trip planning, and ridesharing.

Dare, C.E.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp (Tennessee) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp (Tennessee) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Tennessee Utility Id 17564 References EIA Form EIA-861...

94

Grundy County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Grundy County Rural Elec Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 7864 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO Activity...

95

Problem Statement: Energy Holes Energy Profiling & Proactive Reconfiguration: Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problem Statement: Energy Holes Energy Profiling & Proactive Reconfiguration: Overview Holes the Energy Hole Problem of Nonuniform Node Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks.", MASS 2006 [2 · Inherent nodes redundancy Spatially correlated energy consumption Energy holes are common in WSN Sink

Suri, Neeraj

96

Wells Rural Electric Co (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utah) Utah) Jump to: navigation, search Name Wells Rural Electric Co Place Utah Utility Id 20332 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0938/kWh Commercial: $0.0765/kWh Industrial: $0.0593/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Wells Rural Electric Co (Utah). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

97

Wabash County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wabash County Rural E M C Wabash County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 19887 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Electric Heat(C-EH) Commercial Large Power Service over 100KW Commercial Outdoor Security Lighting, Mercury, 400W Lighting Rate Outdoor Security Lighting, Mercury Flood, 400W Lighting Rate Outdoor Security Lighting, Mercury, 175W Lighting Rate-Residential Service(RS) Residential Renewable Energy Power Production, Less than 10 KW

98

Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio-economic Benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio on renewable energy sources. However, such an option is not universally agreed upon. This dissertation examines a renewable energy-based rural electrification program, the `Township Electrification Program', launched

Huber, Bernhard A.

99

Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Irrigation Energy Efficiency Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Columbia Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate 70% of cost Program Info Expiration Date 9/31/2013 State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Nozzle: $1.50 - $4.00 Sprinkler: $1 - $4 Gasket: $2.75 Regulator: $5 Drain: $1 Hub: $14.50 Goose Neck Elbows: $1.65 Drop Tube: $3 Pivot: $175 Pipe Section: $10 Leveler: $0.75 Provider Columbia REA Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to the number of sprinklers per acre. Replacement sprinklers are eligible for retrofits

100

Wood for energy and rural development: the Philippine experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Philippine wood energy programme (dendro-thermal system) was originally developed as a source of energy independent of imported oil, and at a lower cost than oil. It has social benefits: new jobs, land distribution, rural income increment, and reforestation by tree farmers. Tree farming, its administration and organization of farmer institutions are essential to the programme, as are the development of farming techniques to produce energy, trees (growth of ipil-ipil), and an improved tree growth rate. An analysis of the economics of wood energy led to the conclusion that raw wood fuel can be cheaper than oil. In estimated costs of electricity, the dendro-thermal plants can produce power at competitive rates. 36 references.

Denton, F.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Agency for Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT Jump to: navigation, search Name Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology (ANERT) Place Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India Zip 695004 Product Kerala state's nodal agency responsible for identification, promotion and development of non-conventional energy sources. Coordinates 8.50838°, 76.94773° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8.50838,"lon":76.94773,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

1999-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

Southwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa Rural Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Southwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 49986 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes...

104

Sac County Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sac County Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Sac County Rural Electric Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 16529 Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity...

105

T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

T I P Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name T I P Rural Electric Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 18446 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes...

106

Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 13805 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC...

107

Newton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Newton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Newton County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 13566 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes...

108

Wheatland Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheatland Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place Wyoming Utility Id 20506 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC...

109

Pioneer Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pioneer Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 15054 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO...

110

Loup Valleys Rural P P D | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valleys Rural P P D Jump to: navigation, search Name Loup Valleys Rural P P D Place Nebraska Utility Id 11250 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO...

111

Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place North Dakota Utility Id 3138 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO...

112

Woodbury County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Woodbury County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name Woodbury County Rural E C A Place Iowa Utility Id 20951 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes...

113

Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp Place Texas Utility Id 19579 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP...

114

Jasper County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Jasper County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 9665 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes...

115

Optimal energy management of a rural microgrid system using multi-objective optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrification of rural areas has always been a challenge. In addition, large livestock farms such as dairy farms, also face environmental problems due to inappropriate treatment of animal wastes. Therefore, improvement of the electrical system in farms ...

Xianjun Zhang; Ratnesh Sharma; Yanyi He

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Impacts of rural energy costs and availabilities in Kenya  

SciTech Connect

This study sought to examine energy-consumption patterns in a cross section of rural households in Kenya and to analyze how these use patterns relate to socio-economic, demographic, institutional, and energy market factors. The models specified were demands for fuelwood, charcoal, kerosene, commercial heat energy, and aggregate energy. For fuelwood, a probit analysis was utilized to determine the conditional probability of fuelwood consumption and a least-squares regression to determine quantity consumed. Ordinary regression was used to estimate demand for the other fuels. The research indicates that household incomes, family size, improved ceramic stoves, other fuels, and occupation are the most influential variables on consumption of various fuels. The quantities of fuelwood, charcoal, and kerosene consumed are not very responsive to changes in income. Aggregate energy is income-inelastic and a normal good, while woodfuel and kerosene are inferior products. The model indicates that redirection of a 10% increase in income, so that only the low-income households benefit, would cause only a small, 1% increase in fuelwood consumption.

Jama, M.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities February 28, 2013 - 9:45am Addthis At the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, state energy and extension staff are teaching farmers to use modern sensors to improve irrigation management. In this picture, Darrel Siekman and Gary Zoubek install Watermark Sensors and a data logger. | Photo courtesy of the University of Nebraska. At the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, state energy and extension staff are teaching farmers to use modern sensors to improve irrigation management. In this picture, Darrel Siekman and Gary Zoubek install Watermark Sensors and a data logger. | Photo courtesy of the University of Nebraska.

118

Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utah Utah Utility Id 22814 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc (Utah). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 26 442 337 7 139 40 101 5 254 134 586 631 2009-02 26 447 337 7 148 43 15 5 254 48 600 634

119

Energy problems in Latin America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Present energy consumption patterns, known reserves of conventional energy sources (oil, gas, coal, and hydroelectricity), and the impact of the oil crisis on the oil-importing countries of Latin America are discussed. New approaches to energy use, including improvements on end-use efficiency, fuel substitutions, nonconventional energy sources, and changes in consumption patterns, are important. Of particular significance are the alcohol program in Brazil and the possibilities for increased use of hydroelectricity. Investments needed to sustain a reasonable increase in production from conventional energy sources up to 1990 are presented. 14 references, 1 figure, 4 tables.

Goldemberg, J.

1984-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Columbia Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Columbia Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place Washington Utility Id 4041 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cooperative Extension Service & Wind Powering America Collaborate to Provide Wind Energy Information to Rural Stakeholders (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cooperative Extension's presence blankets much of the United States and has been a trusted information source to rural Americans. By working together, Cooperative Extension, Wind Powering America, and the wind industry can better educate the public and rural stakeholders about wind energy and maximize the benefits of wind energy to local communities. This poster provides an overview of Cooperative Extension, wind energy issues addressed by the organization, and related activities.

Jimenez, A.; Flower, L.; Hamlen, S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rural Economic Stimulus Act (Missouri) Rural Economic Stimulus Act (Missouri) Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Missouri Program Type Property Tax Incentive Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development The Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (MORESA) provides financial incentives for public infrastructure for the development of a renewable fuel production facility or eligible new generation processing entity facility, creating new jobs and agricultural product markets in rural Missouri. The local funding must be, at a minimum, 50% of the amount of the new local Economic Activity Tax (sales and utility tax, etc.), and 100% of

123

Searching for the biofuel energy crisis in rural Java  

SciTech Connect

Biofuel shortage in peasant economies is often reported to reach crisis proportions in conditions of high population density. As a group, peasants are portrayed as engaging in irrational biofuel resource abuse. At times this abuse is treated as the inevitable outcome of excess biofuel demand. Otherwise, an explanation is often given in terms of resource-use problems inherent in common property. An alternative explanation is proposed in this dissertation. Rather than the effect of common property (a structure), such crises are more likely the result of capitalist expansion (a process). Systems of common foraging are prone to ownership conflict during transitions to private property. This conflict provides a more cogent explanation for biofuel shortage than any structural flaw in common-use systems. Contemporary rural Java contradicts mechanistic applications of supply/demand models of biofuel shortage. Despite high population pressure, biofuel is not inordinately scarce. There is little basis for the crisis predictions. While assessments of biofuel demand and supply can provide scarcity indicators, they ought not be used to predict overuse. The traditional crisis predictions of supply/demand balancing and common property analysis must be replaced by a more skeptical multi-disciplinary approach.

McGranahan, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities Location of project Papua New Guinea Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling, Information and communications, Earning a living Year initiated 2012 Organization Asian Development Bank Website http://www.adb.org/news/briefs Coordinates -6.314993°, 143.95555° References Asian Development Bank[1] In Papua New Guinea, approximately 10% of the population has access to

125

Hans Bethe and the Global Energy Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bethe's view-point on the global energy problems is presented. Bethe claimed that the nuclear power is a necessity in future. Nuclear energetic must be based on breeder reactors. Bethe considered the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as the main problem of long-range future of nuclear energetics. The solution of this problem he saw in heavy water moderated thermal breeders, using uranium-233, uranium-238 and thorium as a fuel.

Ioffe, B L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Hans Bethe and the Global Energy Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bethe's view-point on the global energy problems is presented. Bethe claimed that the nuclear power is a necessity in future. Nuclear energetic must be based on breeder reactors. Bethe considered the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as the main problem of long-range future of nuclear energetics. The solution of this problem he saw in heavy water moderated thermal breeders, using uranium-233, uranium-238 and thorium as a fuel.

B. L. Ioffe

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

127

Solution to the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a simple, and hopefully convincing, discussion of a solution to the dark energy problem, which arises because the visible universe is well approximated by a black hole.

Frampton, Paul Howard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC Problems and Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC Problems and Potential Savings Reports Summary of Problems of the Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

129

Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Inc Place Idaho Utility Id 22814 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc (Idaho). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 142 2,285 1,240 126 3,114 290 313 75 879 581 5,474 2,409 2009-02 136 2,201 1,240 135 3,097 290 104 47 878 375 5,345 2,408

130

Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc (Nevada) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nevada Nevada Utility Id 22814 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Raft Rural Elec Coop Inc (Nevada). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 131 1,650 1,442 176 2,833 248 17 49 45 324 4,532 1,735 2009-02 151 1,899 1,441 201 3,370 248 2 5 45 354 5,274 1,734

131

Universal Forces and the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dark Energy problem is forcing us to re-examine our models and our understanding of relativity and space-time. Here a novel idea of Fundamental Forces is introduced. This allows us to perceive the General Theory of Relativity and Einstein's Equation from a new pesrpective. In addition to providing us with an improved understanding of space and time, it will be shown how it leads to a resolution of the Dark Energy problem.

Afsar Abbas

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Universal Forces and the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Dark Energy problem is forcing us to re-examine our models and our understanding of relativity and space-time. Here a novel idea of Fundamental Forces is introduced. This allows us to perceive the General Theory of Relativity and Einstein's Equation from a new pesrpective. In addition to providing us with an improved understanding of space and time, it will be shown how it leads to a resolution of the Dark Energy problem.

Abbas, Afsar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY OPTIONS FOR RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN WESTERN CHINA by the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy of University of Delaware Sponsored by National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Ministry of Agriculture People's Republic of China June 2001 #12;i OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY

Delaware, University of

134

Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study investigates rural household domestic energy consumption patterns in a semiarid area of the Sudan. It describes the socioeconomic and evironmental context of energy use, provides an estimation of local woody biomass production and evaluates ecological impacts of increased energy demand on the local resource base. It is based on findings derived from field surveys, a systematic questionnaire and participant observations. Findings indicate that households procure traditional fuels by self-collection and purchases. Household members spent on average 20% of their working time gathering fuels. Generally per caput and total annual expenditure and consumption of domestic fuels are determined by household size, physical availability, storage, prices, income, conservation, substitution and competition among fuel resource uses. Households spend on average 16% of their annual income on traditional fuels. Aggregation of fuels on heat equivalent basis and calculation of their contribution shows that on average firewood provides 63%, charcoal 20.7%, dung 10.4%, crop residues 3.4% and kerosene/diesel 2.5% of the total demand for domestic purposes. Estimated total household woodfuel demand exceeds woody biomass available from the local forests. This demand is presently satisfied by a net depletion of the local forests and purchases from other areas. Degradation of the resource base is further exacerbated by development of irrigation along the White Nile River, increasing livestock numbers (overgrazing) and forest clearance for rainfed cultivation. The most promising relevant and appropriate strategies to alleviate rural household domestic energy problems include: conservation of the existing forest, augmentation through village woodlots and community forestry programmes and improvements in end-use (stoves) and conversion (wood to charcoal) technologies.

Abdu, A.S.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural El Member Assn Rural El Member Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Panhandle Rural El Member Assn Place Nebraska Utility Id 14426 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Large Power Service (91) Commercial Residential Service Single Phase (13) Residential Small Commercial Service three phase (46) Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1210/kWh Commercial: $0.1480/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Panhandle_Rural_El_Member_Assn&oldid=411329

136

Satilla Rural Elec Member Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Satilla Rural Elec Member Corporation Satilla Rural Elec Member Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Satilla Rural Elec Member Corporation Place Georgia Utility Id 16674 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1020/kWh Commercial: $0.1120/kWh Industrial: $0.0626/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Satilla_Rural_Elec_Member_Corporation&oldid=411497"

137

Columbia Rural Elec Assn, Inc (Oregon) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc (Oregon) Jump to: navigation, search Name Columbia Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place Oregon Utility Id 4041 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

138

Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Montana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Montana) Jump to: navigation, search Name Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Montana Utility Id 6169 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

139

Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyoming) Jump to: navigation, search Name Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Wyoming Utility Id 6169 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

140

Big Horn Rural Electric Co (Montana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co (Montana) Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Horn Rural Electric Co Place Montana Utility Id 1675 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp (Florida) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corp (Florida) Jump to: navigation, search Name Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place Florida Utility Id 31833 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

142

Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Nevada) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc (Nevada) Jump to: navigation, search Name Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Nevada Utility Id 22814 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

143

Federated Rural Electric Assn (Iowa) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assn (Iowa) Jump to: navigation, search Name Federated Rural Electric Assn Place Iowa Utility Id 6258 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

144

Southwest Rural Elec Assn Inc (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc (Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Southwest Rural Elec Assn Inc Place Texas Utility Id 17681 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

145

Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop (Nevada) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coop (Nevada) Jump to: navigation, search Name Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop Place Nevada Utility Id 15308 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

146

South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation) South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation) Jump to: navigation, search Name South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Somerset, Kentucky Utility Id 17564 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] SGIC[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation Smart Grid Project was awarded $9,538,234 Recovery Act Funding with a total project value of $19,636,295. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Large Power Commercial Directional Flood Lights 250 watt Metal Halide (unmetered) Lighting

147

Tricounty Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tricounty Rural Elec Coop, Inc Tricounty Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Tricounty Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 19176 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Residential (RESID) Average Rates Residential: $0.1040/kWh Commercial: $0.1080/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tricounty_Rural_Elec_Coop,_Inc&oldid=411876" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

148

Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 6431 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File...

149

South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Somerset, Kentucky Utility Id 17564 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] SGIC[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation Smart Grid Project was awarded $9,538,234 Recovery Act Funding with a total project value of $19,636,295. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Large Power Commercial Directional Flood Lights 250 watt Metal Halide (unmetered) Lighting

150

Matching renewal energy sources to rural development needs : a prototype design for a rural community development center for Jamaica, W.I.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The opportunities for utilizing Jamaica/s rich supply of renewable energy resources as a base for stead, environmentally sound rural development is tremendous. This thesis explores as way of tapping this potential. Jamaica's ...

Jackson, Michael Onaje

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Public Pwr Dist Rural Public Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 5780 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Mercury Vapor Lamp 175 Watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamp 250 Watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamp 400 Watt Lighting Metal Halide 1000 Watt Lighting Metal Halide 1500 Watt Lighting Metal Halide 400 Watt Lighting RATE 1,3- Farm Residential, Commercial, Cabins, Seasonal--Single Phase Commercial RATE 12, 69- Urban Commercial Electric Space Heating, Single Phase

152

Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E M C County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 22822 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Residential Time of Use Commercial Residential schedule Residential Small Commerical Single Phase Commercial Small Commericial Multi Phase Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1100/kWh Commercial: $0.0848/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Clark_County_Rural_E_M_C&oldid=41045

153

Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop, Inc Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place New York Utility Id 18102 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NY Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Electric Thermal Storage-TOU Commercial Electric Thermal Storage-TOU(Niagara Hydro Plus Program Participant) Commercial Industrial Industrial Industrial(Niagara Hydro Plus Program Participant) Industrial Residential Seasonal Residential

154

Marshall County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marshall County Rural E M C Marshall County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Marshall County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 11767 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RIDER GREATER THAN 10kW(SCHEDULE DG-8 OPTION 1) Commercial DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RIDER LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 10kW(SCHEDULE DG-8 OPTION 1) Commercial General Service (Schedule GS-8) Commercial IRRIGATION SERVICE(SCHEDULE 1-8.1) Commercial LARGE POWER SERVICE(SCHEDULE LP-8) Commercial

155

Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 2651 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Block Discount Residential Dual Fuel Discount(Single Phase) Commercial Emergency Warning Systems Commercial Emergency Warning Systems General Service- Multi Phase Commercial General Service- Single Phase Commercial General Service-Seasonal Service(Single Phase) Commercial Ground Source Electric Heat Pump-Controlled

156

Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 13570 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Large Commercial Idle Line Retention (IS) Commercial Irrigation Rate - Direct Cooperative Control Commercial Irrigation Rate - No Control Commercial Single Phase Commercial Three Phase Service Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1350/kWh Commercial: $0.1220/kWh Industrial: $0.0792/kWh References

157

Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Somerset Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40167 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Watt Lamp(Mercury Vapor) Lighting 175 Watt Lamp(Mercury Vapor) Lighting 400 Watt Lamp(Mercury Vapor) Lighting Commercial Service Single-Phase Commercial Dairy Farm Water Heating-Schedule DF Commercial Electric Thermal Storage and Dual Fuel, Schedule EM Commercial Farm and Home Service-Space Heating Residential

158

Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Coop Inc Rural Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc Place Indiana Utility Id 5394 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Non-Demand (Single Phase) Commercial General Service Non-Demand (Three Phase) Commercial Large power Services Industrial Residential (Single Phase) Residential Residential (Three Phase) Residential Security Lights (Cobra Head), High Pressure Sodium, 250W, 25,600 Lumens Lighting Security Lights (Directional) , Mercury Vapor, 400W, 19,200 Lumens Lighting

159

Decatur County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Decatur County Rural E M C Decatur County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Decatur County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 4960 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png DIRECTIONAL SECURITY LIGHT ELECTRIC SERVICE (MERCURY VAPOR) 20,000 lumens Lighting DIRECTIONAL SECURITY LIGHT ELECTRIC SERVICE (MERCURY VAPOR) 59,000 lumens Lighting DIRECTIONAL SECURITY LIGHT ELECTRIC SERVICE (HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM) 20,000 lumens Lighting ELECTRIC THERMAL STORAGE RIDER FOR RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS Residential

160

Orange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E M C County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Orange County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 14160 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate 101- 2012 Rate Schedule for Standard Service Residential Rate 104 and 106- 2012 Rate Schedule for Electric Thermal Storage (ETS) Residential Rate 105- 2012 Rate Schedule for Dual Fuel Service Commercial Rate 177- 2012 Rate Schedule for Security Lighting, Security Lighting- 100 W HPS (45 kwh) Lighting Rate 177- 2012 Rate Schedule for Security Lighting, Security Lighting- 175W

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cumberland Valley Rural E C C Place Tennessee Utility Id 4622 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Three Phase Schools and Churches Commercial Large Power Contract Rate - 1,000 KW to 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Contract Rate - over 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Rate - 50 KW to 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Rate - Industrial Industrial Mercury Vapor Lamps - 175 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamps - 400 watt Lighting Residential, Schools and Churches Residential Small Commercial and Small Power Single Phase Commercial

162

Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc Place New Jersey Utility Id 40299 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service ETS Commercial Large Power Service LP Commercial Residential Service(New Jersey) Residential Residential Service(New York) Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1190/kWh Commercial: $0.1150/kWh Industrial: $0.0890/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

163

Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural Pub Pwr Dist County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 15188 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cabin Residential City of Stromsburg - CYC 3/REV 8 Commercial Commercial Elec Space Heating - One Phase Commercial Commercial Elec Space Heating - Three Phase Commercial General Service CYC 2/REV1 - Three Phase Residential General Service CYC/Rev1 - Single Phase Residential Irrigation CYC 1 - Five 1/2 day - Single Phase Industrial

164

East-Central Iowa Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East-Central Iowa Rural Elec Coop East-Central Iowa Rural Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name East-Central Iowa Rural Elec Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 5588 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Communication Netowrk Hubs 120 Line Unit Commercial Communication Network Hubs 240 Line Unit Commercial Communication Network Hubs 480 Line Unit Commercial Heat Plus Multi Phase(October-May) Heat Plus Single Phase(October-May) Large Power Service Industrial Large Power Service Time of Day Industrial

165

Kosciusko County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kosciusko County Rural E M C Kosciusko County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Kosciusko County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 10448 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial - Schedule C (Multi Phase) Commercial Commercial - Schedule C (Single Phase) Commercial Distributed Generation-Schedule DG Commercial Green Power-Schedule GP(OPTION A) Residential Green Power-Schedule GP(option B) Residential Industrial - Schedule I Industrial Industrial - Schedule I-2 INDUSTRIAL SERVICE (GREATER THAN 3,000 KW)

166

Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy December 9, 2009 - 11:38am Addthis Joshua DeLung What will the project do? Students in the Wind for Schools program gain not only practical knowledge in wind turbine technologies, but also they get hands-on experience installing turbines statewide. During an economic downturn, it's always a struggle for recent college graduates to find jobs and a place to put down roots amid a tightening workforce. Fortunately for students who visit the Southeast Kansas Education Service Center in Girard - known as Greenbush to locals - a project called Wind for Schools has set up shop. The vocational school in Girard, where students visit on field trips from their regular schools, now

167

Fulton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fulton County Rural E M C Fulton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Fulton County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 6848 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Backup Service Rate Industrial DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RIDER(Residential and Farm Service) Residential DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RIDER-Residential and Farm Service(WH) Residential General Service (Single Phase) Commercial General Service (Three Phase) Commercial Green Power Program Residential Green Power Program Commervial

168

Heartland Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop, Inc Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Heartland Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 16854 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png ENBRIDGE PIPELINE SERVICE Industrial GENERAL COMMERCIAL SERVICE Commercial General Service Commercial HEAT PUMP SERVICE Commercial LARGE POWER - TOWER METAL PRODUCTS Commercial MAGELLAN PIPELINE SERVICE Industrial METERED SECURITY LIGHTING: 100 Watt High Pressure Sodium Light Lighting METERED SECURITY LIGHTING: 150 Watt High Pressure Sodium Light Lighting

169

Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40289 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Service, Three-Phase Commercial Residential Service Residential Residential Service TOU Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1280/kWh Commercial: $0.1370/kWh Industrial: $0.0902/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

170

Steuben County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E M C County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Steuben County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 18100 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Ornamental/Underground(HPS 100 W) Lighting service Lighting Ornamental/Underground(HPS 150 W) Lighting service Lighting Ornamental/Underground(HPS 400 W) Lighting service Lighting Schedule IR- Electric Irrigation Service Commercial Schedule LP3- Electric general Power Service Commercial Schedule LP4- General Electric power Service Commercial

171

Hancock County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hancock County Rural E M C Hancock County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Hancock County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 8000 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule A- Residential Single Phase Residential Schedule A- Residential Three Phase Residential Schedule B- General Service Non-Demand (Single Phase) Schedule B- General Service Non-Demand (Three Phase) Schedule C General Service Demand(Primary Metering) Schedule C- General Service Demand Schedule C-PM- General Service Demand

172

Lewis County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lewis County Rural E C A Lewis County Rural E C A Place Missouri Utility Id 10962 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Multi-Phase (Under 55 kVA) Commercial General Outdoor Lighting Lighting Large Power(Over 55 kVA) Industrial Residential Single-Phase Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1120/kWh Commercial: $0.0766/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Lewis_County_Rural_E_C_A&oldid=410984

173

Jay County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jay County Rural E M C Jay County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Jay County Rural E M C Place Indiana Website www.jayremc.com/ Utility Id 9666 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png SCHEDULE A-RESIDENTIAL, FARM AND SMALL COMMERCIAL Commercial SCHEDULE B- FARM AND SMALL COMMERCIAL, THREE PHASE Commercial SCHEDULE C- LARGE POWER Industrial SCHEDULE OP- OFF PEAK HEATING RATE Commercial SCHEDULE P- PUBLIC BUILDING, 1975 OBSOLETE RATE Commercial SCHEDULE SL- STREET OR SECURITY LIGHTING RATE (175 Watt) Lighting

174

Bartholomew County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bartholomew County Rural E M C Bartholomew County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Bartholomew County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 1283 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Small Power Service, Single Phase Service Commercial Commercial and Small Power Service: Three Phase Service. Commercial Industrial Power Service - High Load Factor Industrial Industrial Power Service- Low Load Factor Industrial Large Power Service, over 100 kVa Commercial

175

Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Nolin Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 13651 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Industrial Industrial Large Power Commercial Schedule 1 - Residential, Farm, non-farm, trailers and mobile homes Residential Schedule 10 - Industrial Lighting Schedule 11 - Industrial Industrial Schedule 12 - Industrial C Industrial Schedule 12 - Industrial C from an existing substation Industrial Schedule 13- Industrial C Industrial

176

Rural Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico) Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico) Rural Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Personal Tax Incentives Provider New Mexico Economic Development Department This credit can be applied to taxes due on (state) gross receipts, corporate income, or personal income tax. Rural New Mexico is defined as any part of the state other than Los Alamos County; certain municipalities: Albuquerque, Rio Rancho, Farmington, Las Cruces, Roswell, and Santa Fe; and a 10-mile zone around those select municipalities. The rural area is

177

Butler County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Butler County Rural Elec Coop Butler County Rural Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Butler County Rural Elec Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 2652 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Coincidental Demand Three Phase Industrial Coincidental Demand Three Phase* Industrial Electric Space Heat Commercial Electric Storage Heat Commercial Irrigation Three Phase Commercial Irrigation Three Phase* Commercial Regular Farm and Residential Single Phase Residential Regular Farm and Residential Three Phase Residential

178

Taylor County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E C C County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name Taylor County Rural E C C Place Kentucky Utility Id 18498 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Button-Up Weatherization Program Commercial Cogeneration and small power production power purchase rate schedule less than 100 kW Cogeneration and small power production power purchase rate schedule less than 100 kW - Non-Time Differentiated Rates Commercial Cogeneration and small power production power purchase rate schedule over

179

Brown County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Assn Rural Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Brown County Rural Elec Assn Place Minnesota Utility Id 2316 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Single Phase Service-Controlled electric Heat Commercial General Single Phase Service Commercial General Single Phase Service(Load Management) Commercial General Three Phase Service Commercial General Three Phase Service(Load Management) Commercial General Three Phase Service- Controlled Electric Heat Commercial

180

Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Assn, Inc Rural Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place West Virginia Utility Id 8192 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Planned Development Rate Schedule C & I- Industrial Industrial COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Planned Development Rate Schedule C & I- Commercial Commercial COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Schedule L-P- Commercial Commercial COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Schedule L-P-Industrial Industrial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop Corp Rural Elec Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 1708 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png (SCHEDULE A-1 FARM & HOMO),Residential Residential Commercial and Small Power Commercial Large Power Rate - Primary Meter Industrial Large Power Rate - Secondary Meter Industrial Large Power Service - Primary Meter Industrial Large Power Service - Secondary Meter Industrial Light - 1,500 watt Lighting Light - 100 watt MH Lighting

182

Howard Greeley Rural P P D | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greeley Rural P P D Greeley Rural P P D Jump to: navigation, search Name Howard Greeley Rural P P D Place Nebraska Utility Id 8924 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Three Phase Demand Rate Industrial General Service Large Use Commercial Electric Space Heating Commercial Idel Services Single Phase Commercial Idle Services Three Phase Commercial Municipal Pumping Service Commercial Residential & Commercial Space/Water Heating Commercial

183

Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Linn County Rural E C A Linn County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name Linn County Rural E C A Place Iowa Utility Id 11053 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Multi-Phase Time of Day Single Phase Commercial Commercial and Multi-Phase Time of Day(Three Phase) Commercial Commerical Service (Single Phase) - Rate Code 3 Commercial Commerical Service (Three Phase) - Rate Code 3 Commercial Industrial Service (Single Phase) - Rate Code 3 Industrial Industrial Service (Three Phase) - Rate Code 3 Industrial

184

Hendricks County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hendricks County Rural E M C Hendricks County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Hendricks County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 8447 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png EWT- Single-Phase Green Power Service for residential, farm, commercial and public buildings. Commercial EWT- Single-Phase Green Power Service for residential, farm, commercial and public buildings. Residential INDUSTRIAL- Average monthly demand of 3,000.1 KW or more Industrial LARGE COMMERICAL- Average monthly demand of 150.1 - 3,000 KW. Commercial

185

Parke County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Parke County Rural E M C Parke County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Parke County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 14471 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RATE SCHEDULE C (Rate 3 and 4) Commercial RATE SCHEDULE LG-OP (Rate 5) Commercial Rate Rider DG (Rate 11) Distributed Generation Rider Option 1 Commercial Rate Rider DG (Rate 11) Distributed Generation Rider Option 2 Commercial Rate Rider P (Rate 66) Prepaid Service Commercial Rate Rider RE(RATE 66) Residential

186

Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural E C A, Inc Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40293 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Comfort Plus Rider - Residential Residential GZP - Growth Zone Pricing Service (Commercial) Commercial GZP - Growth Zone Pricing Service (Industrial) Industrial Heat Shift Rider Controlled 20 kW to 40 kW Residential Heat Shift Rider Controlled less than 20 kW - Residential Residential OFFP 3 - Interruptible / Off - Peak Space Heating Residential

187

Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Place Indiana Utility Id 18940 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Ornamental Services- 100w HPS Colonial w/Pinto Post Lighting Ornamental Services- 100w HPS Contempo w/Pinto Post Lighting Ornamental Services- 150w HPS Contempo w/Pinto Post Lighting Ornamental Services- 175w MV Contempo w/Pinto Post Lighting

188

KBR Rural Public Power District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KBR Rural Public Power District KBR Rural Public Power District Jump to: navigation, search Name KBR Rural Public Power District Place Nebraska Utility Id 10065 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 W HPS or 175 W MV Rental Lighting Lighting 250 W HPS or 400 W MV Rental Lighting Lighting General Service Commercial General Service - All Electric Commercial Residential Residential Residential - All Electric Residential Average Rates

189

Survey of Productive Uses of Electricity in Rural Areas | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Survey of Productive Uses of Electricity in Rural Areas Survey of Productive Uses of Electricity in Rural Areas Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Survey of Productive Uses of Electricity in Rural Areas Agency/Company /Organization: Robert E. Fishbein Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Phase: Get Feedback, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices User Interface: Website Website: www.martinot.info/Fishbein_WB.pdf Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English The objective of the assignment is to survey and summarize the published literature as well as informal knowledge about the experience with promoting productive uses of

190

Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales -PERMER- Name Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales -PERMER- Address Paseo Colon 171 - Oficina 301 Place Buenos Aires, Argentina Zip 1063 Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1999 Phone number +5411 4349 8423 Website http://energia.mecon.gov.ar/pe Coordinates -34.6092745°, -58.3695804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-34.6092745,"lon":-58.3695804,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

191

Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Property Type Quantity Description The area of potential utility scale PV in rural areas in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square

192

An introduction to the dark energy problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we review briefly the origin and history of the cosmological constant and its recent reincarnation in the form of the dark energy component of the universe. We also comment on the fundamental problems associated to its existence and magnitude which require and urgent solution for the sake of the internal consistency of theoretical physics.

Antonio Dobado; Antonio L. Maroto

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

193

A Resolution of the Vacuum Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new vision of the beginning and expansion of our universe has produced a solution to the vacuum energy problem (also known as "cosmological constant problem"). A new dynamic of cellular spaces and a discrete time has space being produced by a process called spatial condensation (SC). With generic energy defined as Planck's constant times the rate of cellular space production, both the vacuum energy and mass energy contents contribute to the expansion in the ratio 10^123/1, the same ratio of predicted densities by quantum theory and our astronomers. However, unlike mass energy, vacuum energy, like Casimir vacuum energy, does not carry the attribute of mass and so does not gravitate. A geometric derivation of the vacuum energy expansion rate was followed by a second derivation in terms of the evolution of the contents, from radiation to matter to dark mass (not matter). With a new definition of cosmic time, the second derivation was shown to produce exactly the same expansion rate. Free of singularities and inflation, both derivations also produced reasonable values of the cosmological parameters and the second derivation produced a good fit to the supernova Ia data with no acceleration of the expansion rate.

Charles B. Leffert

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A fuzzy mixed integer goal programming approach for cooking and heating energy planning in rural India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a fuzzy mixed integer goal programming model (FMIGP) has been developed for rural cooking and heating energy planning in the Chikhli taluka of Buldhana district, Maharashtra, Central India. The model considers various scenarios such as ... Keywords: Energy planning, Fuzzy goal programming, Fuzzy sets

A. M. Jinturkar; S. S. Deshmukh

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of this paper is to design control strategies for distributed energy resources (DERs) to maximize the use of wind power in a rural microgrid. In such a system, it may be economical to harness wind power to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels for electricity production. In this work, we develop control strategies for DERs, including diesel generators, energy storage and demand response, to achieve high penetration of wind energy in a rural microgrid. Combinations of centralized (direct control) and decentralized (autonomous response) control strategies are investigated. Detailed dynamic models for a rural microgrid are built to conduct simulations. The system response to large disturbances and frequency regulation are tested. It is shown that optimal control coordination of DERs can be achieved to maintain system frequency while maximizing wind power usage and reducing the wear and tear on fossil fueled generators.

Lu, Shuai; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Samaan, Nader A.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Diao, Ruisheng; Jin, Chunlian; Zhang, Yu

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

196

Analysis of Energy Consumption and Research on Energy-Saving Technology of Rural Residential Buildings in Southern Shaanxi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article was to grasp trends of energy consumption of village in southern Shaanxi province. Selecting Huangjiagou village of Mian county in Hanzhong city as the investigation base ¡£Respectively, in January 2009 and July2010, investigation was conducted ... Keywords: rural region, investigation, residential dwellings, energy consumption, energy conservation

Yang Liu; Xia Fang; Meng Dan; An Yungang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40221 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Commercial Commercial Large Commercial Interruptible Commercial Large Commercial Power Commercial Off Peak Rider for DUFEL Commercial Off Peak Rider for ETSTR Commercial Outdoor lighting 1000w HPS Lighting Outdoor lighting 1000w Mercury Vapor Lighting Outdoor lighting 100w HPS Lighting Outdoor lighting 175w Mercury Vapor Lighting Outdoor lighting 250w HPS Lighting

198

Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Rural E C C Valley Rural E C C Place Kentucky Utility Id 4622 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Three Phase Schools and Churches Commercial Large Power Contract Rate - 1,000 KW to 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Contract Rate - over 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Rate - 50 KW to 2,500 KW Industrial Large Power Rate - Industrial Industrial Mercury Vapor Lamps - 175 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamps - 400 watt Lighting Residential, Schools and Churches Residential

199

Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Henry County Rural E M C Henry County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 8466 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate 101- General Service, single phase below 50 KVA Residential Rate 103- Large single phase service above 50 KVA Commercial Rate 601- Three phase service below 750 KVA Commercial Rate 602- Three phase service with residence Commercial Rate 801- Large three phase service above 750 KVA Industrial Rate 901- Large three phase primary metered service above 750 KVA

200

Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40222 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Area Lights 100w HPS Lighting Area Lights 100w Mercury Vapor Lighting Area Lights 150w HPS Lighting Area Lights 175w Mercury Vapor Lighting Area Lights 250w HPS Lighting Area Lights 250w Mercury Vapor Lighting Area Lights 400w HPS Lighting Area Lights 400w Mercury Vapor Lighting Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1080/kWh Commercial: $0.1020/kWh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop Inc Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Idaho Website www.rrelectric.com/index- Utility Id 22814 Utility Location Yes Ownership Cooperative NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RAFT RIVER DIV: Small General, 60 AMPS and over, Single Phase Commercial RAFT RIVER DIV: Small General, 60 AMPS and over, Three Phase Commercial RAFT RIVER DIV: Large General 50KVA or greater, 60 AMPS or over Commercial RAFT RIVER DIV: Small General, Less than 60 AMPS, Single Phase Commercial RAFT RIVER DIV: Small General, Less than 60 AMPS, Three Phase Commercial

202

Jackson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jackson County Rural E M C Jackson County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 9576 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service(Poly phase-Option S;Seasonal Pricing) Commercial General Service, Poly phase(Option Y) Commercial General Service, Poly phase-Option T(Time of Use) Commercial General Service-Single phase(Option S-Seasonal Pricing) Commercial General Service-Single phase(Option T-Time of Use) Commercial General Service-single phase(Option Y-Flat Rate) Commercial Primary Service(Option S-Seasonal Pricing) Commercial

203

Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop Place California Utility Id 15308 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100, 110 and 900 - Residential Farm or Home Service Residential 120 and 910 - Residential Farm or Home Service - All Electric Residential 200, 210 and 920 - Commercial and Small Power Service - Single Phase Commercial 200, 210 and 920 - Commercial and Small Power Service - Three Phase

204

White County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E M C County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 27599 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png EnviroWatts (power generated from renewable source) Seasonal Service Residential EnviroWatts-General Service(power generated from renewable source) Residential Farm & Home Service Residential Large Power Service Industrial Pre-Pay Service-Single Phase Commercial Seasonal Service Commercial Small Power Service - Multi-Phase Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.1230/kWh Commercial: $0.1290/kWh

205

Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc Tri-County Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40290 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 3 Phase Demand Commercial 3 Phase Demand Tri-county Commercial CP1 Commercial CP3 Industrial ETS2D Commercial ETS2M Commercial ETSDM Commercial ETSTC Commercial LP2 Commercial LP3 Industrial NCP1 Residential Residential Residential 2C Residential Residential 3C Residential Residential 4C Residential Residential Tri-County Residential Seasonal Budget Commercial

206

Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place Georgia Utility Id 31833 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service, Cumberland Island Commercial General Service, Demand Time-Of-Use Commercial General Service, Non-Demand Commercial Rate Schedule Ci-Nps, Cumberland Island National Seashore National Park Service Residential Service Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1150/kWh Commercial: $0.1240/kWh Industrial: $0.0862/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

207

Johnson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Johnson County Rural E M C Johnson County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 9778 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Grain Dryer Service Commercial Large Power Service Industrial Large Power Time of Use Industrial Multi-Phase Commercial Service Commercial Net Metering Sevice Residential Outdoor Lighting: STN, Cobra Head, High Pressure Sodium, 400W Lighting Outdoor Lighting: STN, Directional Flood, Mercury Vapor / Metal Halide, 1000W Lighting Outdoor Lighting: STN, Directional Flood, Mercury Vapor / Metal Halide,

208

Morgan County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morgan County Rural Elec Assn Morgan County Rural Elec Assn Place Colorado Utility Id 12860 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Air Force Facilities - Rate Code 20 Commercial INDUSTRIAL Rate Codes 81 Industrial INDUSTRIAL Rate Codes 82 Industrial INDUSTRIAL Rate Codes 83 Industrial INDUSTRIAL Rate Codes 84 Industrial Irrigation 1 - Rate Codes 130, 131 and 132 Commercial Large Power - Rate Codes 50, 51, 53, 54 & 56 Industrial Residential - Rate Codes 01, 03, 60 Residential Residential Time-Of-Use - Rate Code 07 Residential

209

Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Co Rural Electric Co Place Wyoming Utility Id 1675 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Industrial (CI) - Industrial Industrial Commercial and Industrial (CI) Commercial Commercial Irrigation (IRR) Commercial Large General Service Industrial Medium General Service Commercial Montana - Commercial and Industrial (CI)- Commercial Commercial Montana - Commercial and Industrial (CI)- Industrial Industrial Rental Security Lighting-100 W High Pressure Sodium Lamp Lighting

210

United Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Rural Elec Member Corp United Rural Elec Member Corp Place Indiana Utility Id 19443 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GS-1 - Single Phase General Service Rate Commercial GS-3 - Three Phase General Service Rate Commercial IP - Industrial Power Rate Industrial LC - Large Commerical Rate Commercial NM - Non Metered Service RF- Residential and Farm Rate Residential RSS - Residential Seasonal Rate Residential SC - School and Church Rate Commercial SL - Security Light Rate 1000W(ON EXISTING POLE) Lighting

211

Guthrie County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guthrie County Rural E C A Guthrie County Rural E C A Place Iowa Utility Id 7750 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Heat Plus Large Power < 500 kVA Commercial Large Power Time of Day Commercial Large Power Time of Day > 1000 kVA Industrial Multi Phase Residential Outdoor Lighting HPS 150 W Lighting Single Phase Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1160/kWh Commercial: $0.0941/kWh Industrial: $0.0611/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

212

Union Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Electric Coop, Inc Rural Electric Coop, Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 19501 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Single Phase Commercial Commercial Three Phase General Service (0-99 KVA) Commercial Commercial Three Phase General Service (100-299 KVA) Commercial Commercial Three Phase General Service (300-749 KVA) Commercial Commercial Three Phase General Service (750-1499 KVA) Commercial Single Phase Service Residential

213

Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc (Utah) Inc (Utah) Jump to: navigation, search Name Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place Utah Utility Id 22814 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0830/kWh Commercial: $0.0629/kWh Industrial: $0.0474/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Raft_River_Rural_Elec_Coop_Inc_(Utah)&oldid=412776" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

214

Harrison County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Harrison County Rural E M C Harrison County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 8179 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png IPS - Industrial Power Service - Fully Dedicated Distribution Service - Secondary Metering Industrial IPS - Industrial Power Service - Fully Dedicated Distribution Service Industrial IPS - Industrial Power Service - Integrated Distribution Service Secondary Metering Industrial IPS - Industrial Power Service - Integrated Distribution Service LCP - Large Commercial Power Service Commercial

215

Chinese Rural Vehicles: An Explanatory Analysis of Technology, Economics, Industrial Organization, Energy Use, Emissions, and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

done before the linkage between rural motorization and cropconcern in China, due to huge rural population, diminishingcity roads are filled with rural vehicles! Many many 3-w

Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong; Hamilton, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Off-grid Power for Small Communities with Renewable Energy Sources in Rural Guatemalan Villages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract--This paper describes the process used to plan, design, and implement an off-grid electrical system for a village with less than 50 homes in rural Guatemala. The community has a small school, community center, community kitchen, and 43 homes/families. ... Keywords: photovoltaic, hydroelectric, Guatemala, battery, EWB, Engineers Without Borders, solar energy, microhydro, off-grid.

Eugene D. Moe; Andrea P. Moe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

West Kentucky Rural E C C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C C C Jump to: navigation, search Name West Kentucky Rural E C C Place Kentucky Utility Id 20377 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Power Commercial General Power - 50-1000 kW Industrial General Power - Greater than 1000 kW Industrial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1110/kWh Commercial: $0.1280/kWh Industrial: $0.0689/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=West_Kentucky_Rural_E_C_C&oldid=412165

218

Energy from renewable sources for rural communities of the state of Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil  

SciTech Connect

Rural communities of the state of Rio Grande do Sul developed on the basis of various ethenic origin, and distinctly took root in the regions of different topography. On the south and the west nearly half of the state is mainly flat land, where the inhabitants are racially heterogenous and live pricipally in small towns with large farm lands around. The rest of the state consists of high lands that gradually rise from the northwest to maximum 1200m altitude at the northeast. In the foothills, industrial base was developed by the German settelers, whereas the Italian immigrants settled on the hills. The hilly region is composed of small rural properties with area varying from 10 to 50 hectares. They are scattered all over the region, which make it economically unfeasable to distribute electricity from the main grid, due to high investment cost unlikely to be paid off by the energy consumption rate of the rural properietors. It could be verified from the fact that till to-date the local federation of the cooperatives of rural electrification achieved to supply electricity to only 15% of the total area and its future expansion is getting limited. This paper describes a pilot project initiated in the county 'Tres Coroa' of this region, that is being developed under the guidance of the energy group of the Federal University of RGS, coordinated with balanced technical, agronomical, economical and ecilogical activities to meet its energy demand, that could be supplied with the locally available resources. It is aimed in this project to provide the rural habitants adequate energy for a decent living i.e., electricity for lights, TV and small domestic appliances, thermal energy for hot water supply and fuel to run the agricultural machineries. In future, other nearby counties could follow this experiment with proper and adequate modifications to suite the need and the type of resources available there.

Bristotti, A.; Sadhu, D.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving energy savings for electronic equipment operating in low power modes Title Many small consumers, one growing problem: Achieving...

220

Studies in nonlinear problems of energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emphasis has been on combustion and flame propagation. The research program was on modeling, analysis and computation of combustion phenomena, with emphasis on transition from laminar to turbulent combustion. Nonlinear dynamics and pattern formation were investigated in the transition. Stability of combustion waves, and transitions to complex waves are described. Combustion waves possess large activation energies, so that chemical reactions are significant only in thin layers, or reaction zones. In limit of infinite activation energy, the zones shrink to moving surfaces, (fronts) which must be found during the analysis, so that (moving free boundary problems). The studies are carried out for limiting case with fronts, while the numerical studies are carried out for finite, though large, activation energy. Accurate resolution of the solution in the reaction zones is essential, otherwise false predictions of dynamics are possible. Since the the reaction zones move, adaptive pseudo-spectral methods were developed. The approach is based on a synergism of analytical and computational methods. The numerical computations build on and extend the analytical information. Furthermore, analytical solutions serve as benchmarks for testing the accuracy of the computation. Finally, ideas from analysis (singular perturbation theory) have induced new approaches to computations. The computational results suggest new analysis to be considered. Among the recent interesting results, was spatio-temporal chaos in combustion. One goal is extension of the adaptive pseudo-spectral methods to adaptive domain decomposition methods. Efforts have begun to develop such methods for problems with multiple reaction zones, corresponding to problems with more complex, and more realistic chemistry. Other topics included stochastics, oscillators, Rysteretic Josephson junctions, DC SQUID, Markov jumps, laser with saturable absorber, chemical physics, Brownian movement, combustion synthesis, etc.

Matkowsky, B.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

North West Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coop Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name North West Rural Electric Coop Place Iowa Utility Id 17260 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial - Single Phase Service Rate Commercial Electric Heat Rate Industrial - Single Phase Service Rate Industrial Interruptible Controlled Heat Rate Residential Residential - Single Phase Service Rate Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0696/kWh Commercial: $0.0501/kWh Industrial: $0.0653/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

222

Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coop Corp Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 6194 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial - Industrial less than 50 kW Commercial Commercial - Industrial more than 50 kW Commercial Large Industrial Industrial Mercury Vapor - 1000 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor - 250 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor - 400 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamp - 175 watt Lighting Mercury Vapor Lamp - 175 watt, shared Lighting

223

Kankakee Valley Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

M C M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 9999 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location ECAR NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Envirowatt Residential Electric Service(Manually Read Meter) Residential General Service Non-Demand(Using Manually read meter)) Residential General Service Non-Demand(Using Manually read meter)) Commercial RATE SCHEDULE A: RESIDENTIAL ELECTRIC SERVICE RATE SCHEDULE Residential Rate Schedule A1: Envirowatt Residential Electric Service Rate Schedule

224

Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assn, Inc Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 2641 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Large Rates: Commercial Commercial Large Rates: LOAD CONTROL Commercial Commercial Medium Rates: Commercial Commercial Medium Rates: LOAD CONTROL Commercial ELECTRIC HEAT RATE (OPTIONAL) Residential General Service Earth-Coupled Heat Pump Service(Experimental Rider-Medium Commercial) Commercial

225

Central Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Central Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 3226 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Distributed Generation Rider General Service Commercial General Service TOU Commercial Large Power Service Commercial Medium Power Commercial Non Residential Small Commercial Commercial Residential Residential Security Light Lighting Street Lighting Service 1- 10 Lamps Lighting Street Lighting Service 11-50 Lamps Lighting

226

Licking Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C C C Jump to: navigation, search Name Licking Valley Rural E C C Place Kentucky Utility Id 11011 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial and Small Power Service Commercial Large Power Rate - LPR Commercial Large Power Service - LP Commercial Residential, Farm, Small community hall and Church center Residential Security Lighting: 100 Watt Halide Lighting Security Lighting: 175 Watt MV Lighting Security Lighting: 250 Watt Halide Lighting Security Lighting: 400 Watt Halide Lighting

227

Hans Bethe and the Global Energy Problems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bethe’s view-point on the global energy problems is presented. Bethe claimed that the nuclear power is a necessity in future. Nuclear energetic must be based on breeder reactors. Bethe considered the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as the main problem of long-range future of nuclear energetics. The solution of this problem he saw in heavy water moderated thermal breeders, using uranium-233, uranium-238 and thorium as a fuel. 1 My contacts with Bethe. I heard Bethe’s name first time in 1947. I was the student of the 3rd course of the physical faculty of Moscow University. I was not satisfyed by the level of education there, especially by the teaching of theoretical physics – all the best russian theoreticians – Landau, Tamm, Leontovich and others were expelled from the University, because they did not share the official points of view of Marxist philosophy. After some doubts – if I am able to be a theoretical physicist or not – I decided to try to give up to Landau his theoretical minimum. I passed successfully the first entering exam on mathematics and Landau gave me the program of the whole minimum. That time among now well

Boris Ioffe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa  

SciTech Connect

This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

Annecke, W. (Energy and Development Research Center, University of Cape Town, South Africa)

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

229

Columbia Rural Electric Association- Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia REA, through the Bonneville Power Administration, offers an irrigation energy efficiency program for its agricultural customers. Stationary systems are not eligible for this program due to...

230

Comparative study of economic viability of rural electrification using renewable energy resources versus diesel generator option in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to assess the economic viability of Saudi Arabia's renewable energy resources in electricity production in the rural and remote areas as against the use of diesel generators (DG). The methodology employed is to pick an existing isolated DG electric station for a rural community and assess the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) generated for incremental generation by adding either DG

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Southwest Rural Elec Assn Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oklahoma Oklahoma Utility Id 17681 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 1-10 175 Watts Commercial 100 Watt HPS, No Energy Lighting 100 Watt HPS, Unmetered Lighting 1000 Watt HPS or MH, No Energy Lighting 1000 Watt HPS or MH, Unmetered Lighting 11-50 175 Watts Commercial 175 Watt MVL, No Energy Lighting 175 Watt MVL, Unmetered Lighting 250 Watt HPS or MH, No Energy Lighting 250 Watt HPS or MH, Unmetered Lighting 400 Watt HPS or MH, No Energy Lighting 400 Watt HPS or MH, Unmetered Lighting

232

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

dryer installed Energy Star Television: 50 Attic Insulation: 60% of cost, up to 600 Wall Insulation: 60% of cost, up to 600 Foundation Insulation: 60% of cost, up to 600...

233

Common Air Conditioner Problems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems May 30, 2012 - 6:41pm Addthis A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. What does this mean for me? You can eliminate the most common air conditioner problems before hiring an air conditioning technician. You can do some air conditioner maintenance and repair tasks yourself. One of the most common air conditioning problems is improper operation. If your air conditioner is on, be sure to close your home's windows and outside doors. For room air conditioners, isolate the room or a group of connected rooms as much as possible from the rest of your home.

234

Common Air Conditioner Problems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems Common Air Conditioner Problems May 30, 2012 - 6:41pm Addthis A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. A refrigerant leak is one common air conditioning problem. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/BanksPhotos. What does this mean for me? You can eliminate the most common air conditioner problems before hiring an air conditioning technician. You can do some air conditioner maintenance and repair tasks yourself. One of the most common air conditioning problems is improper operation. If your air conditioner is on, be sure to close your home's windows and outside doors. For room air conditioners, isolate the room or a group of connected rooms as much as possible from the rest of your home.

235

CA Problem is Price - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The basic California problem concerning heavy crude oil is price. With the reported cost of the natural-gas-fueled steam for extracting the crude sometimes being as ...

236

Cosmic age problem revisited in the holographic dark energy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of an old quasar APM 08279 + 5255 at $z=3.91$, some dark energy models face the challenge of the cosmic age problem. It has been shown by Wei and Zhang [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 76}, 063003 (2007)] that the holographic dark energy model is also troubled with such a cosmic age problem. In order to accommodate this old quasar and solve the age problem, we propose in this paper to consider the interacting holographic dark energy in a non-flat universe. We show that the cosmic age problem can be eliminated when the interaction and spatial curvature are both involved in the holographic dark energy model.

Cui, Jinglei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy conservation in Kenya: progress, potentials, problems  

SciTech Connect

A study was carried out of the flows of commercial energy in the economy of Kenya. Indications were sought of the extent to which energy conservation, (i.e., increase in efficiency of energy use) has reduced the ratio of energy inputs to economic outputs, in the post-1973 years. An assessment was made of the potential for energy conservation to reduce the growth of Kenyan energy use in the future and of significant barriers to increasing energy efficiency. Consideration was given to the role of government policy and of international assistance in fostering energy conservation in Kenya and other developing countries. The study was performed by analyzing available energy data and statistics from the largest oil companies, the Kenyan electric utility, and the government. These sources were supplemented by conducting personal interviews with personnel of nearly 50 commercial firms in Kenya. Direct consumption of fuel accounts for 94% of the commercial energy use in Kenya, while electricity accounts for 6%. The sectoral division of fuel use is: transportation 53%, industry 21%, energy production 11%, agriculture 9%, buildings and residences 5%, and construction 1%. For electricity the division is: buildings and residences 48%, industry 45%, energy production 4%, agriculture 2%, and construction 1%. Recent progress in conservation is reported.

Schipper, L.; Hollander, J.M.; Milukas, M.; Alcamo, J.; Meyers, S.; Noll, S.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Renewable Energy for Water Pumping Applications In Rural Villages; Period of Performance: April 1, 2001--September 1, 2001  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report introduces conventional and renewable energy sources for water pumping applications in rural villages by reviewing the technologies and illustrating typical applications. As energy sources for water pumping, the report discusses diesel/gasoline/kerosene engines, grid power supplies, traditional windmills, electrical wind turbines, and PV.

Argaw, N.; Foster, R.; Ellis, A.

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Age problem in holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the age problem of the universe with the holographic DE model introduced in [21], and test the model with some known old high redshift objects (OHRO). The parameters of the model have been constrained using the SNIa, CMB and BAO data set. We found that the age of the old quasar APM 08 279+5255 at z = 3.91 can be described by the model.

L. N. Granda; A. Oliveros; W. Cardona

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

240

ENERGY RECOVERY FROM SOLID WASTES: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, proper type of energy load (no extreme variations in need or usage), and matching of manufacturing plantENERGY RECOVERY FROM SOLID WASTES: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS · CHARLES O. VELZY Charles R Velzy in the energy from refuse field is survey ed including mass-burn, modular combustion, RDF combustion, pyrolysis

Columbia University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Computer Scientist Looks at the Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Computer Scientist Looks at the Energy Problem Randy H. Katz University of California, Berkeley EECS BEARS Symposium February 12, 2009 "Energy permits things to exist; information, to behave purposefully." W. Ware, 1997 #12;Agenda · The Big Picture · IT as an Energy Consumer · IT as an Efficiency

O'Brien, James F.

242

Tackling Energy Problems For America's Tribal Nations | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tackling Energy Problems For America's Tribal Nations Tackling Energy Problems For America's Tribal Nations Tackling Energy Problems For America's Tribal Nations June 20, 2012 - 6:07pm Addthis Julia Bovey, First Wind; Tracey LeBeau; Neil Kiely, First Wind; and Bob Springer (NREL) at First Wind's new Rollins project near Lincoln, Maine. Julia Bovey, First Wind; Tracey LeBeau; Neil Kiely, First Wind; and Bob Springer (NREL) at First Wind's new Rollins project near Lincoln, Maine. Tracey A. LeBeau Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs What Is START? It provides tribal communities with technical assistance to accelerate clean energy project development. Helps to advance energy self-sufficiency. And creates jobs across the country. At the Tribal Nations Conference last December, President Obama noted that

243

Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

principal agent (PA) problem, affects energy use in the U.S.the Principal-Agent Problem Site Energy by End Use, TBtu (the Principal-Agent Problem in Energy End-Use The PA problem

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Providing Solutions To Energy and Environmental Problems  

SciTech Connect

The Jointly Sponsored Research Program emphasizes technology commercialization and continues to be highly successful and supported strongly and enthusiastically by WRI's industrial clientele. All of the available Department of Energy (USDOE) funding for each of the first seven years has been committed to projects. All available FY 97 funding was obligated in June 1997. The demand for funds continues to outstrip available monies and an additional $3 million per year in USDOE funding could easily be accommodated. As summarized in Table 1, since the program's inception in 1990, $19,140,754 in USDOE funds have been obligated and committed against an industrial match of $25,446,281.

None

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

About the Geometric Solution to the Problems of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper is proposed a geometric solution to the dark energy, assuming that the space can be divided into regions of size $\\sim L_{p}$ and energy $\\sim E_{p}$. Significantly this assumption generate a energy density similar to the energy density observed for the vaccum energy, the correct solution for the coincidence problem and the state equation characteristic of quintessence in the comoving coordinates. Similarly is studied the ultraviolet and infrarred limits and the amount of dark energy in the Universe.

Miguel Angel García-Aspeitia

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

Global Energy Leadership Fellows Research and Leadership for Solving the World's Energy Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Energy Leadership Fellows Research and Leadership for Solving the World's Energy Problems on solving the world's most challenging energy problems. e fellowships are for one-year (with opportunity Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota

de Weck, Olivier L.

247

Low energy chaos in the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A possibility that in the FPU problem the critical energy for chaos goes to zero with the increase of the number of particles in the chain is discussed. The distribution for long linear waves in this regime is found and an estimate for new border of transition to energy equipartition is given.

D. L. Shepelyansky

1996-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

248

Interacting Dark Energy and the Cosmic Coincidence Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The introduction of an interaction for dark energy to the standard cosmology offers a potential solution to the cosmic coincidence problem. We examine the conditions on the dark energy density that must be satisfied for this scenario to be realized. Under some general conditions we find a stable attractor for the evolution of the Universe in the future. Holographic conjectures for the dark energy offer some specific examples of models with the desired properties.

Micheal S. Berger; Hamed Shojaei

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

Renormalization Group Flow and the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Casimir energy is calculated for 5D scalar theory in the {\\it warped} geometry. A new regularization, called {\\it sphere lattice regularization}, is taken. The regularized configuration is {\\it closed-string like}. We numerically evaluate $\\La$(4D UV-cutoff), $\\om$(5D bulk curvature, extra space UV-boundary parameter) and $T$(extra space IR-boundary parameter) dependence of Casimir energy. 5D Casimir energy is {\\it finitely} obtained after the {\\it proper renormalization procedure.} The {\\it warp parameter} $\\om$ suffers from the {\\it renormalization effect}. Regarding Casimir energy as the main contribution to the cosmological term, we examine the dark energy problem.

Ichinose, Shoichi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Positive and Negative Energy Symmetry and the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The action for gravity and the standard model includes, as well as the positive energy fermion and boson fields, negative energy fields. The Hamiltonian for the action leads through a positive and negative energy symmetry of the vacuum to a cancellation of the zero-point vacuum energy and a vanishing cosmological constant in the presence of a gravitational field solving the cosmological constant problem. To guarantee the quasi-stability of the vacuum, we postulate a positive energy sector and a negative energy sector in the universe which are identical copies of the standard model. They interact only weakly through gravity. As in the case of antimatter, the negative energy matter is not found naturally on Earth or in the universe. A positive energy spectrum and a consistent unitary field theory for a pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian is obtained by demanding that the pseudo-Hamiltonian is ${\\cal P}{\\cal T}$ symmetric. The quadratic divergences in the two-point vacuum fluctuations and the self-energy of a scalar field are removed. The finite scalar field self-energy can avoid the Higgs hierarchy problem in the standard model.

J. W. Moffat

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

251

Argonne applied mathematicians use INCITE awards to attack energy problems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne applied mathematicians use INCITE awards to attack energy problems Argonne applied mathematicians use INCITE awards to attack energy problems March 27, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint What is the best possible power grid configuration for our nation? How can we balance the increasing demands for power while minimizing costs and avoiding waste of resources? Last year, Mihai Anitescu, a computational mathematician in Argonne's Mathematics and Computer Science Division. received DOE funding to establish the Multifaceted Mathematics for Complex Energy Systems (M2ACS) to tackle these questions. As part of the M2ACS research, Anitescu and his colleagues at Argonne are focusing on ways to optimize the effects of randomly changing variables, say, in wind or resource demand. Such variables can number into the billions. And to be useful for energy systems planning, any calculations

252

On The Problem of Vacuum energy in Brane Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out that modern brane theories suffer from a severe vacuum energy problem. To be specific, the Casimir energy associated with the matter fields confined to the brane, is stemming from the one and the same localization mechanism which forms the brane itself, and is thus generically unavoidable. Possible practical solutions are discussed, including in particular spontaneously broken supersymmetry, and quantum mechanically induced brane tension.

Gurwich, Ilya; Davidson, Aharon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Integrability of the n-centre problem at high energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that for generic configuration of the centres at high energy levels the n-centre problem is completely integrable by using $C^\\infty$ integrals of the motion however it is not integrable in terms of real analytic functions

A. Knauf; I. A. Taimanov

2003-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

254

Transportation energy contingency plans for rural areas and small communities. Final report Oct 80-Dec 81. [Missouri  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the petroleum supply disruptions of the 1970's the Federal Government took actions to ensure continuation of transportation services during a critical situation. This led to development of state transportation energy contingency plans; however the Missouri Transportation Fuels Emergency Plan, like those of many states, does not contain specific recommendations for small communities and rural areas. This investigation was undertaken to determine the most effective transportation fuel conservation measures which could be implemented by such areas during energy emergencies. Recommendations are presented concerning strategies to reduce gasoline use in rural areas and the institutional arrangements required for coping with a fuel shortage. It is suggested that the multi-county regional planning commission should become the lead agency in implementing and coordinating fuel conservation measures in rural areas. The existing network of emergency preparedness officers should be utilized to inventory local fuel distribution services, monitor local service station operating practices and to serve motorists who might be stranded. The University of Missouri Cooperative Extension Service should offer educational programs covering fuel conserving driving techniques, vehicle maintenance, trip planning, and ridesharing.

Dare, C.E.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Potential of biomass conversion in meeting the energy needs of the rural populations of developing countries: an overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary assessment is presented of the contribution that biomass conversion could make in the context of the rural areas of six developing countries: India, Indonesia, Peru, Sudan, Tanzania, and Thailand. The technologies selected for analysis are: anaerobic digestion of wet biomass to produce methane and pyrolysis of dry biomass to produce charcoal, liquid fuels, and low-Btu gases. Preliminary estimates are made of the amounts of fuels that could be produced in each of the selected countries by a combination of these technologies. It was found that, with the exception of India, implementation of these technologies could potentially meet the future energy needs of their rural populations for both subsistence and development. (MHR)

Mubayi, V.; Lee, J.; Chatterjee, R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Vacuum Energy Problem, Fundamental Length and Deformed Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmological constant (vacuum energy) problem is analyzed within the scope of quantum theories with UV-cut-off or fundamental length. Various cases associated with the appearance of the latter are considered both using the Generalized Uncertainty Relations and the deformed density matrix,previously introduced in the author's works. The use of the deformed density matrix is examined in detail. It is demonstrated that, provided the Fischler-Susskind cosmic holographic conjecture is valid, the Vacuum Energy Density takes a value close to the experimental one. The arguments supporting the validity of this conjecture are given on the basis of the recently obtained results on Gravitational Holography.

A. E. Shalyt-Margolin

2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

257

The role of geothermal energy in minimizing global environmental problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two current global environmental concerns discussed in this paper are the ''greenhouse effect'' and acid rain. Both of these areas have been emphasized by President Bush, and legislation is pending in both state and federal legislatures to address these problems. We need to understand the impact of geothermal energy production in these areas and, from a DOE viewpoint, identify R and D that is critical to meeting existing and pending regulations and laws. 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Traeger, R.K.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

D S & O Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

S & O Rural E C A, Inc S & O Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name D S & O Rural E C A, Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 4704 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Apartment Complex - Total Electric (ACTE) Commercial Domestic Service & Public Buildings (D) Commercial Domestic Service - Total Electric (DTE) Commercial General Service (GS) Commercial General Service Large (GSL) Industrial General Service Large - Time-of-Use (GSL-TOU) Industrial Non-Domestic Service (NDS) Commercial

259

Miami-Cass County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 12406 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RATE SCHEDULE DG-1 Member Generated less than/equal to 10 kW Residential RATE SCHEDULE DG-2 Member Generated Power > 10kW Commercial RATE SCHEDULE GSD- GENERAL SERVICE DEMAND ELECTRIC SERVICE RATE SCHEDULE Commercial RATE SCHEDULE GSND-SINGLE PHASE GENERAL SERVICE NON-DEMAND Commercial

260

The Coincidence Problem and Interacting Holographic Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamical behaviour of the interacting holographic dark energy model whose interaction term is $Q=3H(\\lam_d\\rho_d + \\lam_c\\rho_c)$, where $\\rho_d$ and $\\rho_c$ are the energy density of dark energy and CDM respectively. To satisfy the observational constraints from SNIa, CMB shift parameter and BAO measurement, if $\\lam_c = \\lam_d$ or $\\lam_d, \\lam_c >0$, the cosmic evolution will only reach the attractor in the future and the ratio $\\rho_c/\\rho_d$ cannot be slowly varying at present. Since the cosmic attractor can be reached in the future even when the present values of the cosmological parameters do not satisfy the observational constraints, the coincidence problem is not really alleviated in this case. However, if $\\lam_c \

Khamphee Karwan

2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy-Momentum Distribution: A Crucial Problem in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is aimed to elaborate the problem of energy-momentum in General Relativity. In this connection, we use the prescriptions of Einstein, Landau-Lifshitz, Papapetrou and M\\"{o}ller to compute the energy-momentum densities for two exact solutions of Einstein field equations. The spacetimes under consideration are the non-null Einstein-Maxwell solutions and the singularity-free cosmological model. The electromagnetic generalization of the G\\"{o}del solution and the G\\"{o}del metric become special cases of the non-null Einstein-Maxwell solutions. It turns out that these prescriptions do not provide consistent results for any of these spacetimes. These inconsistence results verify the well-known proposal that the idea of localization does not follow the lines of pseudo-tensorial construction but instead follows from the energy-momentum tensor itself. These differences can also be understood with the help of the Hamiltonian approach.

M. Sharif; Tasnim Fatima

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Fixed Priority Scheduling Problem for Energy Harvesting Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fixed Priority Scheduling Problem for Energy Harvesting Real-Time Systems Younès Chandarli to establish a schedulability test for a fixed priority real-time scheduling problem with energy constraints problem for energy harvesting systems was the one of Mossé [1]. The problem was solved under a very

263

Entanglement versus energy in the entanglement transfer problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the relation between energy and entanglement in an entanglement transfer problem. We first analyze the general setup of two entangled qubits (a and b) exchanging this entanglement with two other independent qubits (A and B). Qubit a (b) interacts with qubit A (B) via a spin exchange-like unitary evolution. A physical realization of this scenario could be the problem of two-level atoms transferring entanglement to resonant cavities via independent Jaynes-Cummings interactions. We study the dynamics of entanglement and energy for the second pair of qubits (tracing out the originally entangled ones) and show that these quantities are closely related. For example, the allowed quantum states occupy a restricted area in a phase diagram entanglement vs. energy. Moreover the curve which bounds this area is exactly the one followed if both interactions are equal and the entire four qubit system is isolated. We also consider the case when the target pair of qubits is subjected to losses and can spontaneously decay.

Daniel Cavalcanti; J. G. Oliveira Jr; J. G. Peixoto de Faria; Marcelo O. Terra Cunha; Marcelo Franca Santos

2006-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energy–Casimir and Energy–Lagrange Methods in the Study of Nonlinear Symmetric Stability Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with nonlinear symmetric stability problems. For the moist, adiabatic (saturated) system, the authors utilize the ECM (energy–Casimir method) to establish nonlinear stability criteria, which extends the previous work from ...

Mu Mu; V. Vladimirov; Yong-Hui Wu

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The role of geothermal energy in minimizing global environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

Two current global environmental concerns discussed in this paper are the ''greenhouse effect'' and acid rain. Both of these areas have been emphasized by President Bush, and legislation is pending in both state and federal legislatures to address these problems. We need to understand the impact of geothermal energy production in these areas and, from a DOE viewpoint, identify R and D that is critical to meeting existing and pending regulations and laws. 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Traeger, R.K.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

The Role of Geothermal Energy in Minimizing Global Environmental Problems  

SciTech Connect

In the 1970's, the nation's attention was focused on Energy. This focus shifted to the Economy in the 80's with the concerns about the federal deficit. Emphasis has now moved to the Environment for the 1990's with the other two ''E's'' remaining as lingering concerns. Obviously geothermal resources have positive impacts on the three E's since they provide energy with limited environmental impact. However, they all are aware of the environmental concerns and must address them for the industry. Two current global environmental concerns discussed in this paper are the ''greenhouse effect'' and acid rain. Both of these areas have been emphasized by President Bush, and legislation is pending in both state and federal legislatures to address these problems. They need to understand the impact of geothermal energy production in these areas, and from a DOE viewpoint, identify R and D that is critical to meeting existing and pending regulations and laws.

Traeger, Richard K.

1989-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

267

Vol. 38 (2007) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 8 ENERGY-MOMENTUM PROBLEM IN GENERAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vol. 38 (2007) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 8 ENERGY-MOMENTUM PROBLEM IN GENERAL RELATIVITY AND TELE, 2007) This study is purposed to elaborate the problem of energy and momen- tum distribution of string, the formulation of energy and momentum distributions is one of the oldest, interesting and controversial problems

Magiera, Andrzej

268

Simulation Problem Analysis and Research Kernel | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Simulation Problem Analysis and Research Kernel Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Simulation Problem Analysis and Research Kernel AgencyCompany Organization:...

269

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2011 Topics: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions Due October 6. Grade by October 18. Total Points: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions Due October 6. Grade/PP284) Fall 2011 Topics: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3

Kammen, Daniel M.

270

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar estimated energy savings as green-labeled buildings.explains how energy codes differ from green labels, and howstrategy. How energy standards differ from green labels The

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

against the impact of energy price increases, they may findincluding the impact of energy prices). Plus utilitiescovariates. Since energy prices affect the cost of

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Rural Communities  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Rural Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Agricultural & Rural Native Americans Rural Communities As the wind energy market has matured and expanded, the jobs and economic benefits to rural, agricultural, and Native American communities have become increasingly compelling. This section provides an introduction to these benefits and how these communities can take advantage of wind energy. Agricultural and Rural Communities Rural America is economically stressed, and traditional agricultural incomes are seriously threatened. Wind development in these regions offers one of the most promising "crops" of the 21st century. The agricultural and rural communities pages provide information about wind for homeowners, farmers, and businesses; utility-scale wind (or land-based wind farms); the

273

Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses (Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for household energy in rural China: assessment from threeis particularly problematic for rural exposure assessmentparticle concentrations in rural Chinese kitchens for which

Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Program Evaluation and Incentives for Administrators of Energy-Efficiency Programs: Can Evaluation Solve the Principal/Agent Problem?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effectiveness (the non-energy benefits problem) “All cost-energy- efficiency programs and, especially, the free-rider problem,Energy-Efficiency Programs: Can Evaluation Solve the Principal/Agent Problem?

Blumstein, Carl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Introduction to India's energy and proposed rural solar-PV electrification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

India's energy outlook from fossil fuels sources, in particular in the sector of oil and gas, point out to a very high import dependence in the next twenty years. On the other hand, the prospect of obtaining energy from renewable energy sources has a ... Keywords: India, development, electrification, energy, fossil fuels, solar energy

Najib Altawell; Tariq Muneer

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Savings and Economic Analysis of Updating New Mexico?energy savings. States that have followed this approach include Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Supply in North Korea, 1990 and 1996. All forms ofEnergy Consumption in North Korea by sector, 1990 and 1996.People’s Republic of Korea James H. Williams, David Von

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

DOES THE LOCAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT? SOME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? SOME EVIDENCE AND PROPOSITIONS CONCERNING THE SPREADING OF WIND ENERGY PARKS IN BELGIUM wind energy is materialised at local level it seems important also to think locally its development. Although the global impact of wind energy is mainly perceived as positive, local concerns have to be coped

279

Impact of the Wal-Mart Phenomenon on Rural Communities,’ Proceedings: Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies. Chicago: Farm Foundation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is strong evidence that rural communities in the United States have been more adversely impacted by the discount mass merchandisers (sometimes referred to as the Wal-Mart phenomenon) than by any other factors in recent times. Studies in Iowa have shown that some small towns lose up to 47 percent of their retail trade after 10 years of Wal-Mart stores nearby (Stone 1997). Overview The discount mass merchandisers are not the only threats that small town retailers have faced. In the more distant past, mail order catalogs distributed by Montgomery Ward and Sears Roebuck in the late 1800s caused quite a stir at the time (Mahoney). The mail order catalogs offered large selections at competitive prices. Coincidentally, a wellestablished railroad system provided nation-wide delivery of mail order goods within a few to several weeks. At its peak, Sears Roebuck offered over 100,000 items through its catalog and captured some sales from local merchants. The next major threat to rural retailers was the automobile. In the 1920s and 1930s automobiles and roads developed to the point where rural residents gained

Kenneth E. Stone; Dr. Kenneth; E. Stone; Kenneth E. Stone

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Solutions to Cosmological Problems with Energy Conservation and Varying c, G and Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The flatness and cosmological constant problems are solved with varying speed of light c, gravitational coupling strength G and cosmological parameter Lambda, by explicitly assuming energy conservation of observed matter. The present solution to the flatness problem is the same as the previous solution in which energy conservation was absent.

P. Gopakumar; G. V. Vijayagovindan

2000-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Building Rural Development Strategies Through Energy Resilience in Turkey: A Brown Revolution of Biogas and Cooperatives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? While the growth of Turkey brings many prosperities, the required energy for this development creates a dependency that goes up to 80% of total… (more)

Gömec, Görkem

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Energy Storage Solutions for Wind Generator Connected Distribution Systems in Rural Ontario.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Environmental awareness and uncertainty about continued supply of fossil fuel has given rise to the renewable energy movement. Wind based power generation has been at… (more)

Rahman, Mohammed Nahid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Fuel and Famine: Rural Energy Crisis in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPPLY OIL SUPPLY COAL SUPPLY BIOMASS USE FIGURE 1. DeclinesTONS ELECTRICITY SUPPLY MILLION TONS BILLION KWH BIOMASS USEdeclined. Biomass energy use increased. COAL SUPPLY MILLION

Williams, James H.; von Hippel, David; Hayes, Peter

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Estimates for the energy density of critical points of a class of conformally invariant variational problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the energy density of critical points of a class of conformally invariant variational problems with small energy on the unit 2-disk B_1 lies in the local Hardy space h^1(B_1). As a corollary we obtain a new proof of the energy convexity and uniqueness result for weakly harmonic maps with small energy on B_1.

Lamm, Tobias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Energy recovery solves hospital's problem  

SciTech Connect

A heat recovery system for a hospital heating-ventilation-air conditioning installation is described. The system design allows for recovery of energy in the laundry exhaust air, distribution of supply air to the patient care wing, easy access for servicing, and economic feasibility. A rotary energy recovery wheel was selected as the energy recovery device because of its performance and economical advantages. The unit work continuously without difficulty during the severe winter of 1976. (PMA)

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Tackling Energy Problems For America's Tribal Nations | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

project near Lincoln, Maine. Tracey A. LeBeau Director, Office of Indian Energy Policy & Programs What Is START? It provides tribal communities with technical assistance to...

287

Inverse spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse spectral problem of reconstructing energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations from their Dirichlet spectra and sequences of the norming constants. For the class of problems under consideration, we give a complete description of the corresponding spectral data, suggest a reconstruction algorithm, and establish uniqueness of reconstruction. The approach is based on connection between spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations and for Dirac operators of special form.

Hryniv, Rostyslav

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Utilization of geothermal energy resources in rural Alaskan communities. Final report, June 1-December 31, 1974  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three potential geothermal sites in Alaska are discovered. The history of previous use of the hot springs, the socio-economic factors, energy needs, and total energy utilization plans of selected Alaskan thermal springs are presented. Proposed research programs for the sites and environmental hazards and protection are described. (MHR)

Forbes, R.B.; Leonard, L.; Dinkel, D.H.

1974-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284)Fall 2012 Topics: Energy Units & Conversions, Global Energy Use Problem Set #1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284)Fall 2012 Topics: Energy Units & Conversions, Global Energy Use Problem Set #1 Due September 6, in class, or before 5pm outside 310 Barrows Total Points: 80 For all problem sets in Energy and Society: 1) Please clearly state any assumptions (e.g., the price

Kammen, Daniel M.

290

Biomass Energy – From Farms to Forests an Emerging Opportunity for Rural America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A revolution is taking place within the United States. Driven by rising costs of fossil fuels, a marked shift toward greater use of renewable energy is underway. For example, nineteen states

Dr. Jim; L. Bowyer; Dr. Jeff Howe; Kathryn Fernholz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The potential for renewable energy technologies in the rural postharvest food system in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This report examines energy demand and potential renewable energy technologies for postharvest food processing with particular emphasis on technologies related to grain. Postharvest activities (harvesting, drying, threshing, winnowing, shelling, hulling, grinding, storage, refrigeration, canning, cooking) and the techniques used in these activities are explored. Possible renewable sources include fuelwood, charcoal, solar cookers, ovens, and crop dryers, photovoltaics, animal draft, pedal power, wind power, hydropower, biogas, and alcohol fuels; some of these, it is noted, also have potential applicability beyond postharvest activities.

Lindblad, C.J.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Answering the Main Problem : BioEnergy Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Answering the main problem: Answering the main problem: Why do we need to stop using gasoline in our vehicles and factories? Answer: Because it is putting too much carbon dioxide into the air. CARBON DEMO Show students a large piece of coal and a cup of raw oil. These natural resources are formed from carbon deposits captured in the earth and compressed over millions of years. Questions: Does anyone know how the carbon got in the earth? (It comes from decaying plants and animals.) Background Information: Coal mines permanently alter the landscape. We do not know how long will it take for the environment to recover after the coal has been mined.This does not consider the CO2 added to our pollution caused by the burning of this coal. What do we do with the carbon when we consume it? (We use the carbon

293

Assessment of environmental and safety problems in hydrogen energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerous suggestions have been made for the use of hydrogen as a portable or transportable fuel. To effect safely an expanded use of hydrogen requires fundamental knowledge of the appropriate safety problems as well as mechanisms to ensure the proper design of equipment and techniques used in its storage, shipment, and use. Most likely methods of shipment consist of an extension of existing technology; namely, gas transmission by pipeline and bulk transportation of hydrogen as a cryogenic liquid. While these are well developed, safety and technological problems still exist and include such issues as dispersion of hydrogen releases, behavior of hydrogen on combustion, and hydrogen embrittlement. Safe transportation and handling of hydrogen can be enhanced by uniformity of codes and regulations. Hydrogen use as a fuel is not totally benign from an environmental standpoint; however, the combination of production and end use is generally more acceptable for hydrogen than for alternative fuels.

Edeskuty, F.J.; Bartlit, J.R.; Carlson, R.V.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for information market failures in unlabeled energymarket premiums from energy efficiency investments may be miti- gated due to asymmetric informationenergy efficiency in real estate markets (EPA (2003)). 8 Sources of asymmetric information

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Framework for Analysis of Energy-Water Interdependency Problems  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this work is to improve the holistic value of energy development strategies by integrating management criteria for water availability, water quality, and ecosystem health into the energy system planning process. The Snake River Basin (SRB) in southern Idaho is used as a case study to show options for improving full economic utilization of aquatic resources given multiple scenarios such as changing climate, additional regulations, and increasing population. Through the incorporation of multiple management criteria, potential crosscutting solutions to energy and water issues in the SRB can be developed. The final result of this work will be a multi-criteria decision support tool - usable by policy makers and researchers alike - that will give insight into the behavior of the management criteria over time and will allow the user to experiment with a range of potential solutions. Because several basins in the arid west are dealing with similar water, energy, and ecosystem issues, the tool and conclusions will be transferrable to a wide range of locations and applications. This is a very large project to be completed in phases. This paper deals with interactions between the hydrologic system and water use at a basin level. Future work will include the interdependency between energy use and water use in these systems.

Robert Jeffers; Jacob J. Jacobson; Kristyn Scott

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A Framework for Analysis of Energy-Water Interdependency Problems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of this work is to improve the holistic value of energy development strategies by integrating management criteria for water availability, water quality, and ecosystem health into the energy system planning process. The Snake River Basin (SRB) in southern Idaho is used as a case study to show options for improving full economic utilization of aquatic resources given multiple scenarios such as changing climate, additional regulations, and increasing population. Through the incorporation of multiple management criteria, potential crosscutting solutions to energy and water issues in the SRB can be developed. The final result of this work will be a multi-criteria decision support tool - usable by policy makers and researchers alike - that will give insight into the behavior of the management criteria over time and will allow the user to experiment with a range of potential solutions. Because several basins in the arid west are dealing with similar water, energy, and ecosystem issues, the tool and conclusions will be transferable to a wide range of locations and applications. This is a very large, multi-year project to be completed in phases. This paper deals with interactions between the hydrologic system and water use at a basin level. Future work will include the interdependency between energy use and water use in these systems.

Robert F. Jeffers; Jacob J. Jacobson

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Problems associated with solid wastes from energy systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste streams from many energy-related technologies including coal, oil shale, tar sands, geothermal, oil and gas extraction, and nuclear power generation are reviewed with an emphasis on waste streams from coal and oil shale technologies. This study has two objectives. The first objective is to outline the available information on energy-related solid wastes. Data on chemical composition and hazardous biological characteristics are included, supplemented by regulatory reviews and data on legally designated hazardous waste streams. The second objective is to provide disposal and utilization options. Solid waste disposal and recovery requirements specified under the RCRA are emphasized. Information presented herein should be useful for policy, environmental control, and research and development decision making regarding solid and hazardous wastes from energy production.

Chiu, S.Y.; Fradkin, L.; Barisas, S.; Surles, T.; Morris, S.; Crowther, A.; DeCarlo, V.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Economic evaluation of biogas as energy and fertilizer in rural northeast Thailand  

SciTech Connect

In the aftermath of the 1974 oil crisis, Thailand faces a complex problem: agriculture is characterized by low productivity, and an increasing burden is now being placed on national forest reserves as the primary source of fuel. The nation is forced to choose: land for forests and fuel, or land for agriculture and food. In either case, current levels of land use are having serious environmental consequences. Biogas has been proposed as a possible remedy to alleviate these problems. In this study, three sizes of biogas plants are studied to facilitate cost estimates, and two Thai villages provide case studies of actual applications. Then a stratified random sample of 60 households is selected from the two villages, based on economic class groupings. The central question is to inquire whether biogas is feasible and profitable for villages with differing characteristics, for different income groups within those villages, and whether technological viability is affected by plant size. The results show that there are increasing returns to scale for larger biogas plants; that the poorer village obtains more benefits per unit of output than the more modernized village; that the poorest households within each village have the highest potential gains from biogas. It is recommended that Thailand implement biogas technology in those regions and for those villages where benefit-cost analysis demonstrates its economic feasibility.

Sombuntham, S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Analyses of Financial Viability of Rural Cooperatives (PBS) under Rural Electrification Board of Bangladesh.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rural Electrification Board (REB) of Bangladesh was founded in October 1977 as a semi-autonomous government agency reporting to the Ministry of Power Energy and Minerals… (more)

Rashid, Rubina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Urban and rural energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in Asia Volker Krey a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for electricity and the services it provides in one aggregated category as well as cooking.3 Demand is satisfied then affect the use of electricity to meet demand in these areas. Electricity access is also differentiated of electricity is the projected energy service demand levels. For example, in IMAGE and GCAM the demand for space

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grants + , Energy Incentives + , Renewable Energy + , government energy rebates + , energy savings + , government energy grants + , Rural Energy for America Program + ,...

302

Two-Point Boundary Value Problems for Curves: The Case of Minimum Free Energy Paths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-Point Boundary Value Problems for Curves: The Case of Minimum Free Energy Paths corrected.S.A. Abstract The calculation of a minimum free energy path can be considered as a two-point boundary value box solvers. The second paragraph of Section 1 is corrected. Because free energy is defined in terms

Skeel, Robert

303

FOSSIL ENERGY, CO2, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND THE AEROSOL PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOSSIL ENERGY, CO2, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND THE AEROSOL PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz For presentation of Energy Office of Science ABSTRACT Climate change due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide differs2 is intrinsically coupled to production of the energy on which our industrial society relies

304

Abstract--This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS) which involve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS-inverter. The goal of control is to maximize wind energy extraction and this needs letting the wind turbine rotor wind energy extraction) only for one wind speed value depending on the considered value of turbine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

305

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market premiums from energy efficiency investments may be miti- gated due to asymmetric informationenergy efficiency in real estate markets (EPA (2003)). 8 Sources of asymmetric informationenergy efficient build- ings remains a first order concern, for several reasons that extend beyond the potential for information market

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Entropy In The Present And Early Universe: New Small Parameters And Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that entropy and its density play a significant role in solving the problem of the vacuum energy density (cosmological constant) of the Universe and hence the dark energy problem. Taking this in mind, two most popular models for dark energy - Holographic Dark Energy Model and Agegraphic Dark Energy Model - are analyzed. It is shown that the fundamental quantities in the first of these models may be expressed in terms of a new small dimensionless parameter. It is revealed that this parameter is naturally occurring in High Energy Gravitational Thermodynamics and Gravitational Holography (UV-limit). On this basis the possibility of a new approach to the problem of Quantum Gravity is discussed. Besides, the results obtained on the uncertainty relation of the pair "cosmological constant - volume of space-time", where the cosmological constant is a dynamic quantity, are reconsidered and generalized up to the Generalized Uncertainty Relation.

A. E. Shalyt-Margolin

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Entropy In The Present And Early Universe, New Small Parameters And Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that entropy and its density play a significant role in solving the problem of the vacuum energy density (cosmological constant) of the Universe and hence the dark energy problem. Taking this in mind, two most popular models for dark energy - Holographic Dark Energy Model and Agegraphic Dark Energy Model - are analyzed. It is shown that the fundamental quantities in the first of these models may be expressed in terms of a new small dimensionless parameter. It is revealed that this parameter is naturally occurring in High Energy Gravitational Thermodynamics and Gravitational Holography (UV-limit). On this basis the possibility of a new approach to the problem of Quantum Gravity is discussed. Besides, the results obtained on the uncertainty relation of the pair "cosmological constant - volume of space-time", where the cosmological constant is a dynamic quantity, are reconsidered and generalized up to the Generalized Uncertainty Relation

Shalyt-Margolin, A E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2013 Topics: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Due October 10, in class, or before 5pm outside: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Power Loss; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Due October 10, in class peripheral buildings; at peak output, the plant generates 185,000 pounds of steam each hour. It has been

Kammen, Daniel M.

309

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2012 Topics: Thermodynamics of energy systems; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions Total Points: 103 [ER100/PP184], 133 [ER200/PP284 of energy systems; Peak Oil; Energy economics. Problem Set #3 Solutions Total Points: 103 [ER100/PP184], 133 chillers v. Thermally enhanced oil recovery (Other answers acceptable) e) Approximately what percent

Kammen, Daniel M.

310

Max-Min characterization of the mountain pass energy level for a class of variational problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a max-min characterization of the mountain pass energy level for a family of variational problems. As a consequence we deduce the mountain pass structure of solutions to suitable PDEs, whose existence follows from classical minimization argument.

Jacopo Bellazzini; Nicola Visciglia

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Max-Min characterization of the mountain pass energy level for a class of variational problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a max-min characterization of the mountain pass energy level for a family of variational problems. As a consequence we deduce the mountain pass structure of solutions to suitable PDEs, whose existence follows from classical minimization argument.

Bellazzini, Jacopo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Hyperbolic Orbits for Restricted Three-body Problems with Fixed Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of hyperbolic orbits is proved for a class of restricted three-body problems with a fixed energy by taking limit for a sequence of periodic solutions which are obtained by variational methods.

Donglun Wu; Shiqing Zhang

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

313

Rural Alaska Coal Bed Methane: Application of New Technologies to Explore and Produce Energy  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Development Laboratory, University of Alaska Fairbanks prepared this report. The US Department of Energy NETL sponsored this project through the Arctic Energy Technology Development Laboratory (AETDL) of the University of Alaska Fairbanks. The financial support of the AETDL is gratefully acknowledged. We also acknowledge the co-operation from the other investigators, including James G. Clough of the State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys; Art Clark, Charles Barker and Ed Weeks of the USGS; Beth Mclean and Robert Fisk of the Bureau of Land Management. James Ferguson and David Ogbe carried out the pre-drilling economic analysis, and Doug Reynolds conducted post drilling economic analysis. We also acknowledge the support received from Eric Opstad of Elko International, LLC; Anchorage, Alaska who provided a comprehensive AFE (Authorization for Expenditure) for pilot well drilling and completion at Fort Yukon. This report was prepared by David Ogbe, Shirish Patil, Doug Reynolds, and Santanu Khataniar of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and James Clough of the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Survey. The following research assistants, Kanhaiyalal Patel, Amy Rodman, and Michael Olaniran worked on this project.

David O. Ogbe; Shirish L. Patil; Doug Reynolds

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

On coincidence problem and attractor solutions in ELKO dark energy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the critical points of a Universe dominated by ELKO spinor field dark energy and a barotropic matter in an almost general case. The coincidence problem and attractor solutions are discussed and it is shown the coincidence problem can not be alleviated in this model.

Sadjadi, H Mohseni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Exponential instability in the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval in three dimensions. We are focused on stability and instability questions for this problem. In particular, we prove an exponential instability estimate which shows optimality of the logarithmic stability result of [Stefanov, 1990] (up to the value of the exponent).

Isaev, Mikhail

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Impacts of alternative residential energy standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

This report has examined the role of manufactured housing in the housing market, the energy impacts of three manufactured housing standards and three site-built standards in 13 cities, and the economic impacts of those standards in 6 cities. The three standards applied to manufactured housing are the HUD Title VI standard (Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards, or MHCSS), the Hud Title II-E standard, and the existing FmHA Title V standard. Those applied to site-built homes are the HUD Minimum Property Standards (MPS), the ASHRAE 90A-80 standard, and the FmHA Title V standard. Based on energy consumption alone, these analyses show that the FmHA Title V standard is the most stringent standard for both housing types (a single-section menufactured home and a single-story detached ''ranch house''). The HUD Title VI standard is the least stringent for manufactured homes, while the HUD Minimum Property Standards are the least stringent for site-built homes. Cost-effectiveness comparisons required by the Act were made for the two prototypical homes. Results of this preliminary economic analysis indicate that none of the site-built standards reflect minimum life-cycle cost as a basic criterion of their development. For manufactured homes, both the FmHA standard and the HUD Title II-E standard reduce life-cycle cost and effect positive first-year cash flows in all cities analyzed when electric resistance heating is assumed. When natural gas heating is used, both standards pass the life-cycle cost test in all cities, but the FmHA standard fails the cash flow test in all but one city. However, in the worst case, net monthly expenditures in the first year are increased by less than $9.

Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A.A.; Heidell, J.A.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lee, A.D.; Pratt, R.G.; Taylor, Z.T.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Testing the Cosmic Coincidence Problem and the Nature of Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark energy models which alter the relative scaling behavior of dark energy and matter could provide a natural solution to the cosmic coincidence problem - why the densities of dark energy and dark matter are comparable today. A generalized class of dark energy models is introduced which allows non-canonical scaling of the ratio of dark matter and dark energy with the Robertson-Walker scale factor a(t). Upcoming observations, such as a high redshift supernova survey, application of the Alcock-Paczynski test to quasar pairs, and cluster evolution, will strongly constrain the relative scaling of dark matter and dark energy as well as the equation of state of the dark energy. Thus, whether there actually is a coincidence problem, and the extent of cosmic coincidence in the universe's recent past can be answered observationally in the near future. Determining whether today is a special time in the history of the universe will be a SNAP.

Neal Dalal; Kevork Abazajian; Elizabeth Jenkins; Aneesh V. Manohar

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

318

Testing of Dark Energy and a Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A probable solution of the cosmological constant problem was recently found. We propose that dark energy of the Universe is vacuum energy. Our Universe during its expansion is spending its vacuum energy for creation of new quantum states, but in the quantum regime phase transitions were more effective in reducing the vacuum energy than creation of new quantum states. Here we show how the 123 crisis orders of the vacuum energy are reduced by conventional physical processes in both the quantum and classical regimes of the Universe evolution. Numeral estimates of dark energy evolution are also presented.

Burdyuzha, Vladimir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Testing of Dark Energy and a Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A probable solution of the cosmological constant problem was recently found. We propose that dark energy of the Universe is vacuum energy. Our Universe during its expansion is spending its vacuum energy for creation of new quantum states, but in the quantum regime phase transitions were more effective in reducing the vacuum energy than creation of new quantum states. Here we show how the 123 crisis orders of the vacuum energy are reduced by conventional physical processes in both the quantum and classical regimes of the Universe evolution. Numeral estimates of dark energy evolution are also presented.

Vladimir Burdyuzha

2014-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

320

Discussion of Problems in the Development of Building Energy Efficiency In China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context that Chinese energy shortage is beginning to emerge and China is constructing an economical society, much attention is paid to building energy consumption by the Chinese government and common people. Therefore, Building Energy Efficiency (BEE) is becoming one of the most fashionable terms in China in recent years. Although some specifications, standards and technologies have been developed, some problems worthy of note in BEE have appeared. Through introducing the current status of BEE in China, some serious problems existing in the development of Chinese BEE are pointed out in this paper. In this way, the author wishes Chinese leaders, researchers and designers in this field could think earnestly about the above problems in BEE. At the same time, the authors give some advice and reference solutions for the problems in the paper, and it is hoped that they are thoughtfully considered.

Liu, Y.; Fu, X.; Luo, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities February 28, 2013 - 9:45am...

322

The energy absorption problem of a brane-world black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the wave dynamics and the energy absorption problem for the scalar field as well as the brane-localized gravitational field in the background of a braneworld black hole. Comparing our results with the four-dimensional Schwarzschild black hole, we have observed the signature of the extra dimension in the energy absorption spectrum.

Lihui Liu; Bin Wang; Guohong Yang

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

323

On Problem of Mass Origin and Self-Energy Divergence in Relativistic Mechanics and Gravitational Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical problem of self-energy divergence was studied in the framework of Lagrangian formulation of Relativistic Mechanics. The conclusion was made that a revision of mass-energy concept is needed for the development of singularity-free gravitational and electromagnetic field theory. Perspectives of the development of unified field theory are discussed.

Anatoli Vankov

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rural Electric Association - Irrigation Energy Efficiency Rebate Program District of Columbia Agricultural Other Columbia REA 9312013 Columbia Rural Electric Association -...

325

Tennessee | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Switchgrass in Rural America Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part of rural America's energy future. Unlike the more common biofuel...

326

Grants | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Switchgrass in Rural America Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part of rural America's energy future. Unlike the more common biofuel...

327

Finding rural postman tours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: combinatorial optimization, genetic algorithms, graph theory, routing, rural postman tours

Clarissa Cook; Dale A. Schoenfeld; Roger L. Wainwright

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2012 Topics: Energy & Development, Stoichiometry, Exponential Growth Models Problem Set #2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Points: 90 [ER100/PP184], 110 [ER200/PP284] PROBLEM SET 2 SOLUTIONS Page 1 of 12 "Soft" and "Hard" Energy with social problems, not technological ones. #12;Energy and Society (ER100/PP184/ER200/PP284) Fall 2012 Topics: Energy & Development, Stoichiometry, Exponential Growth Models Problem Set #2 Due September 20

Kammen, Daniel M.

330

Guidelines on local European forest energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 30% if the US, China and India make similar commitments) · 20% for renewable energy sources (compared-European: MCPFE ­EU: Forest Action Plan, Rural Development Policy, Renewable Energy Policy EU Renewable Energy · 20% for renewable energy sources · 10% for the share of biofuels consumption B. Sectoral problems

Pettenella, Davide

331

Interacting model of new agegraphic dark energy: observational constraints and age problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many dark energy models fail to pass the cosmic age test because of the old quasar APM 08279+5255 at redshift $z=3.91$, the $\\Lambda$CDM model and holographic dark energy models being no exception. In this paper, we focus on the topic of age problem in the new agegraphic dark energy (NADE) model. We determine the age of the universe in the NADE model by fitting the observational data, including type Ia supernovae (SNIa), baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB). We find that the NADE model also faces the challenge of the age problem caused by the old quasar APM 08279+5255. In order to overcome such a difficulty, we consider the possible interaction between dark energy and dark matter. We show that this quasar can be successfully accommodated in the interacting new agegraphic dark energy (INADE) model at the $2\\sigma$ level under the current observational constraints.

Yun-He Li; Jing-Zhe Ma; Jing-Lei Cui; Zhuo Wang; Xin Zhang

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

332

On inverse problems in electromagnetic field in classical mechanics at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic and nonrelativistic Newton equations in a static external electromagnetic field $(V,B)$, $V\\in C^2,$ $B\\in C^1$ in classical mechanics. Developing the approach going back to Gerver-Nadirashvili 1983's work on an inverse problem of mechanics, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

333

Energy levels of periodic solutions of the circular 2+2 Sitnikov problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a 2+2 body problem introduced in a previous paper as the circular double Sitnikov problem. Since the secondary bodies are moving on the same perpendicular line where evolve the primaries, almost every solution is a collision orbit. We extend the solutions beyond collisions with a symplectic regularization and study the set of energy surfaces that contain periodic orbits and their foliations .

Jiménez-Pérez, H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Well-posed initial-boundary value problem for the harmonic Einstein equations using energy estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent work, we used pseudo-differential theory to establish conditions that the initial-boundary value problem for second order systems of wave equations be strongly well-posed in a generalized sense. The applications included the harmonic version of the Einstein equations. Here we show that these results can also be obtained via standard energy estimates, thus establishing strong well-posedness of the harmonic Einstein problem in the classical sense.

H. -O. Kreiss; O. Reula; O. Sarbach; J. Winicour

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

335

Casimir Energy Density at Planck Time: Cosmic Coincidence or Double Solution to the Cosmological Dark Energy Problem?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir energy density calculated for a spherical shell of radius equal to the size of the Universe projected back to the Planck time is almost equal to the present day critical density. Is it just a coincidence, or is it a solution to the ‘cosmic dark energy ’ and the ‘cosmic coincidence ’ problems? The correspondence is too close to be ignored as a coincidence, especially since this solution fits the conceptual and numerical ideas about the dark energy, and also answers why this energy is starting to dominate at the present era in the evolution of the Universe. It is startling to notice that the Casimir energy density of a spherical bounded space with its radius equal to the size of our present Universe scaled back to its size at the Planck time is almost exactly the critical energy density. It is perhaps not reasonable to discard this as a coincidence, since it solves the two important current problems in cosmology with vacuum energy [1], namely the problem of the smallness of the cosmological vacuum energy

C. S. Unnikrishnan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Energy-Momentum Problem of Bell-Szekeres Metric in General Relativity and Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the investigation of the energy-momentum problem in two theories, i.e., General Relativity and teleparallel gravity. We use Einstein, Landau-Lifshitz, Bergmann-Thomson and M\\"{o}ller's prescriptions to evaluate energy-momentum distribution of Bell-Szekeres metric in both the theories. It is shown that these prescriptions give the same energy-momentum density components in both General Relativity and teleparallel theory. M\\"{o}ller's prescription yields constant energy in both the theories.

M. Sharif; Kanwal Nazir

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost, low?carbon rural energy  services.  Energy Policy, 39(Modi, V.  (2005).  Energy services for the poor (New York, of low?carbon energy services in rural communities.  The 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The implementation of energy education will solve the energy problem in the future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy relates to human civilization closely, and it is one of the country's fundamentals. It also helps us Taiwan create the world-famous economic miracle. However, energy in the world is limited. In recent years, the unusual phenomenon of global climate ... Keywords: energy, renewable energy

Wen-Jiuh Chiang; Rong-Jyue Fang; Chiu Kai Yu; Hua-Lin Tsa

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Least-cost energy: solving the CO/sub 2/ problem  

SciTech Connect

An energy policy is set forth that the authors contend will solve the CO/sub 2//greenhouse effect problem, and virtually eliminate dependence upon fossil fuels. The authors call for the use of other energy resources, especially renewable ones, and propose ways of achieving these objectives. In this way, it is proposed, the threat of climatic changes from increased atmospheric CO/sub 2/ will be mitigated and the use of nuclear power can be avoided. (JMT)

Lovins, A.B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Energy Problem: What the Helios Project Can Do About it (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The energy problem is one of the most important issues that science and technology has to solve. Nobel laureate and Berkeley Lab Director Steven Chu proposes an aggressive research program to transform the existing and future energy systems of the world away from technologies that emit greenhouse gases. Berkeley Lab's Helios Project concentrates on renewable fuels, such as biofuels, and solar technologies, including a new generation of solar photovoltaic cells and the conversion of electricity into chemical storage to meet future demand.

Chu, Steven

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Is there an Ay problem in low-energy neutron-proton scattering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate Ay in neutron-proton scattering for the interactions models WJC-1 and WJC-2 in the Covariant Spectator Theory. We find that the recent 12 MeV measurements performed at TUNL are in better agreement with our results than with the Nijmegen Phase Shift Analysis of 1993, and after reviewing the low-energy data, conclude that there is no Ay problem in low-energy np scattering.

Gross, Franz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Is there an Ay problem in low-energy neutron-proton scattering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate Ay in neutron-proton scattering for the interactions models WJC-1 and WJC-2 in the Covariant Spectator Theory. We find that the recent 12 MeV measurements performed at TUNL are in better agreement with our results than with the Nijmegen Phase Shift Analysis of 1993, and after reviewing the low-energy data, conclude that there is no Ay problem in low-energy np scattering.

Franz Gross; Alfred Stadler

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

Wind Power for America: Rural Electric Utilities Harvest New Crop (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind Power for America: Rural Electric Utilities Harvest a New Crop is a trifold brochure that strives to educate rural landowners and rural co-op utilities about the benefits of wind power development. It provides examples of rural utilities that have successful wind energy projects and supportive statements from industry members.

Not Available

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Continuous Energy, Multi-Dimensional Transport Calculations for Problem Dependent Resonance Self-Shielding  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the work here has been to eliminate the approximations used in current resonance treatments by developing continuous energy multi-dimensional transport calculations for problem dependent self-shielding calculations. The work here builds on the existing resonance treatment capabilities in the ORNL SCALE code system.

T. Downar

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

345

Exotic Solutions to the Solar Neutrino Problem and Some Implications for Low Energy Solar Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk, I review, from the phenomenological point of view, solutions to the solar neutrino problem, which are not provided by the conventional neutrino oscillation induced by mass and flavor mixing, and show that they can provide a good fit to the observed data. I also consider some simple implications for low energy solar neutrino experiments.

H. Nunokawa

2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

On inverse problems for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation with an external potential $V$, $V\\in C^2$. Using known results, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

347

Survey of Gas Decontamination Problems at Installations of the Atomic Energy Commission  

SciTech Connect

A survey has been made of gas decontamination problems at the various installations of the Atomic Energy Commission and the results are reported. Installations visited include: The Hanford Engineer Works, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Iowa State College Institute for Nuclear Research, Knolls Laboratory, and installations at Oak Ridge.

Lyon, A.M.

1948-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nuclear Energy. It is not a solution, it is a problem The Mediterranean Antinuclear Watch (MANW) is a non -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Energy. It is not a solution, it is a problem #12;The Mediterranean Antinuclear Watch (MANW believes that nuclear energy creates more problems than it solves. It is not a reliable, peaceful - called "peaceful use" of nuclear energy as well as the production and proliferation of nuclear weapons

349

FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TO: Ex parte communications, U.S. Department of Energy FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA DATE: September 6, 2013 RE: NRECA's Ex Parte...

350

Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Screenshot The report is a comprehensive collection of best practice...

351

Geothermal energy environmental problems and control methods: review of recent findings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The findings of a literature review on the environmental concerns and associated control methods of geothermal energy utilization are presented. The document introduces the environmental problems associated with geothermal energy utilization; assesses the current status of control methods; references appropriate environmental documents; and identifies areas where additional environmental research is needed. The review attempts to consolidate current understanding of the environmental impact of geothermal energy development. Approximately 180 reports written by authors in industry, government and academia have been reviewed in the areas of air emissions, surface and subsurface liquid discharges, solid wastes, noise, subsidence, and induced seismicity.

Nguyen, V.T.; Caskey, J.F.; Pfundstein, R.T.; Rifkin, S.B.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Astrophysical and cosmological problems of invisible mass and dark energy in the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Workshop on results of the Project Kosmomikrofizyka-2 (Astroparticle Physics) of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine "Astrophysical and cosmological problems of invisible mass and dark energy in the Universe" was held on November 21-22, 2012 in the Institute for Nuclear Research, Kyiv, Ukraine (http://lpd.kinr.kiev.ua/kmf12). This Project was carried out during three years (2010-2012) by scientists from various universities and institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; it was a logical continuation of the previous scientific program of the NAS of Ukraine "Researches of structure and composition of the Universe, hidden mass and dark energy (Kosmomikrofizyka)" in 2007-2009. These programs were devoted to theoretical and experimental investigations in astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, physics of atomic nuclei and particle physics, which are related with the problems of dark matter and dark energy in the Universe.

P. Belli; L. A. Berdina; R. Bernabei; A. Bogdan; R. S. Boiko; A. Yu. Burgazli; F. Cappella; R. Cerulli; D. M. Chernyak; F. A. Danevich; A. d'Angelo; M. V. Eingorn; S. H. Fakhr; E. Fedorova; E. N. Galashov; A. Giuliani; B. I. Hnatyk; A. Incicchitti; G. Ivashchenko; V. V. Kobychev; O. O. Kobzar; H. Kraus; B. N. Kropivyansky; A. V. Kudinova; Yu. A. Kulinich; M. Laubenstein; V. V. Marchenko; S. Marnieros; V. B. Mikhailik; A. A. Minakov; V. M. Mokina; L. L. Nagornaya; A. S. Nikolaiko; C. Nones; B. S. Novosyadlyj; E. Olivieri; V. O. Pelykh; D. V. Poda; R. B. Podviyanuk; O. G. Polischuk; O. N. Sergijenko; V. N. Shlegel; V. M. Shulga; V. M. Sliusar; O. B. Sushchov; Y. V. Taistra; M. Tenconi; O. Torbaniuk; V. I. Tretyak; V. S. Tsvetkova; V. G. Vakulik; Ya. V. Vasiliev; A. Vasylenko; O. Vasylenko; V. I. Zhdanov; A. I. Zhuk

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Global well-posedness of the KP-I initial-value problem in the energy space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that the KP-I initial value problem is globally well-posed in the natural energy space of the equation.

Ionescu, A D; Tataru, D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Impulsive phase flare energy transport by large-scale Alfven waves and the electron acceleration problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the pre-flare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfiguration - large-scale Alfven wave pulses - transport the energy and magnetic-field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. Firstly, in a coronal plasma with beta energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between electrons and wavefronts. Secondly, when they reflect and mode-convert in the chromosphere, a cascade to high wavenumbers may develop. This will also accelerate electrons by turbulence, in a medium with a locally high electron number density. This concept, which bridges MHD-based and particle-based views of a flare, provides an interpretation of the recently-observed rapid variations of the line-of-sight component of the photospheric magnetic field across the flare impulsive phase, and offers solutions to some perplexing flare problems, such as the flare "number problem" of finding and resupplying sufficient electrons to explain the impulsive-phase hard X-ray emission.

L. Fletcher; H. S. Hudson

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

355

Master problem approximations in Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition of variational inequality problems with applications to two energy market models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a modification to Dantzig-Wolfe (DW) decomposition algorithm for variational inequality (VI) problems is considered to alleviate the computational burden and to facilitate model management and maintenance. As proposals from DW subproblems ... Keywords: Approximation of the master problem, Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition, Equilibrium modeling, Variational inequalities

Emre ÇElebi, J. David Fuller

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on USResidential Energy Use  

SciTech Connect

The International Energy Agency (IEA) initiated andcoordinated this project to investigate the effects of market failures inthe end-use of energy that may isolate some markets or portions thereoffrom energy price signals in five member countries. Quantifying theamount of energy associated with market failures helps to demonstrate thesignificance of energy efficiency policies beyond price signals. In thisreport we investigate the magnitude of the principal-agent (PA) problemaffecting four of the major energy end uses in the U.S. residentialsector: refrigeration, water heating, space heating, and lighting. Usingdata from the American Housing Survey, we develop a novel approach toclassifying households into a PA matrix for each end use. End use energyvalues differentiated by housing unit type from the Residential EnergyConsumption Survey were used to estimate the final and primary energy useassociated with the PA problem. We find that the 2003 associated siteenergy use from these four end uses totaled over 3,400 trillion Btu,equal to 35 percent of the site energy consumed by the residentialsector.

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

357

Application of wavelet scaling function expansion continuous-energy resonance calculation method to MOX fuel problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More and more MOX fuels are used in all over the world in the past several decades. Compared with UO{sub 2} fuel, it contains some new features. For example, the neutron spectrum is harder and more resonance interference effects within the resonance energy range are introduced because of more resonant nuclides contained in the MOX fuel. In this paper, the wavelets scaling function expansion method is applied to study the resonance behavior of plutonium isotopes within MOX fuel. Wavelets scaling function expansion continuous-energy self-shielding method is developed recently. It has been validated and verified by comparison to Monte Carlo calculations. In this method, the continuous-energy cross-sections are utilized within resonance energy, which means that it's capable to solve problems with serious resonance interference effects without iteration calculations. Therefore, this method adapts to treat the MOX fuel resonance calculation problem natively. Furthermore, plutonium isotopes have fierce oscillations of total cross-section within thermal energy range, especially for {sup 240}Pu and {sup 242}Pu. To take thermal resonance effect of plutonium isotopes into consideration the wavelet scaling function expansion continuous-energy resonance calculation code WAVERESON is enhanced by applying the free gas scattering kernel to obtain the continuous-energy scattering source within thermal energy range (2.1 eV to 4.0 eV) contrasting against the resonance energy range in which the elastic scattering kernel is utilized. Finally, all of the calculation results of WAVERESON are compared with MCNP calculation. (authors)

Yang, W. [Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Inst., Hong Cao road 29, Shanghai (China); Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xian Ning west road 28, Xi'an, Shaanxi (China); Wu, H.; Cao, L. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xian Ning west road 28, Xi'an, Shaanxi (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A low-energy solution to the mu-problem in gauge mediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the gauge-mediation framework the soft supersymmetry breaking mass parameters of the supersymmetric standard model are induced by the gauge interactions of some messenger fields. The parameters exhibit flavor universality which is dictated by the gauge interactions and which efficiently eliminates new dangerous contributions to flavor changing neutral currents. However, the Higgs potential in this framework typically contains an unacceptable hierarchy between its dimensionful parameters (the $\\mu$-problem of gauge mediation). We show that the problem can be resolved if the Higgs potential arises dynamically once an intermediate U(1)' sector is integrated out rather than arising radiatively from some Yukawa interactions at the messenger scale. As an added benefit, such models may naturally avoid new contribution to CP violating amplitudes. The proposed framework is described, explicit examples are given and its phenomenology is explored. The $\\mu$ problem is resolved in this case by the low-energy U(1)' dynamics which could be tested in future collider experiments.

Paul Langacker; Nir Polonsky; Jing Wang

1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

359

Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Agency/Company /Organization: Alliance for Rural Electrification Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.ruralelec.org/fileadmin/DATA/Documents/06_Publications/Position_pa Cost: Free Language: English Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Screenshot This Best Practices report showcases the diverse actions the renewable

360

New technique for phase shift analysis: multi-energy solution of inverse scattering problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new approach to the analysis of extensive multi-energy data. For the case of d + He-4, we produce a phase shift analysis covering for the energy range 3 to 11 MeV. The key idea is the use of iterative perturbative data-to-potential inversion which can produce potentials which reproduce the data simultaneously over a range of energies. It thus effectively regularizes the extraction of phase shifts from diverse, incomplete and possibly somewhat contradictory data sets. In doing so, it will provide guidance to experimentalists as to what further measurements should be made. This study is limited to vector spin observables and spin-orbit interactions. We discuss alternative ways in which the theory can be implemented and which provide insight into the ambiguity problems. We compare the extrapolation of these solutions to other energies. Majorana terms are presented for each potential component.

S. G. Cooper; V. I. Kukulin; R. S. Mackintosh; E. V. Kuznetsova

1998-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Note on the Local Cosmological Constant and the Dark Energy Coincidence Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested that the Dark Energy Coincidence Problem could be interpreted as a possible link between the cosmological constant and a massive graviton. We show that by using that link and models for the graviton mass a dark energy density can be obtained that is indeed very close to measurements by WMAP. As a consequence of the models, the cosmological constant was found to depend on the density of matter. A brief outline of the cosmological consequences such as the effect on the black hole solution is given.

M. Tajmar

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

362

Coping with Change and Novelty in Energy Facility Operations: Recommendations for Knowledge-Based, Extra-Procedural Problem Solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy industry workers are sometimes faced with novel circumstances, situations not fully specified in procedures, or problems for which they have no ready solutions. This report describes the characteristics of knowledge-based problem solving for effective response under such circumstances. It also recommends management approaches for fostering development of requisite skills in energy industry workers.

2001-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

363

The inverse scattering problem at fixed energy based on the Marchenko equation for an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach is proposed to the solution of the quantum mechanical inverse scattering problem at fixed energy. The method relates the fixed energy phase shifts to those arising in an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville problem via the interpolation theory of the Weyl-Titchmarsh m-function. Then a Marchenko equation is solved to obtain the potential.

Palmai, Tamas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Better rural churches through architectural planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this thesis is a technique by which the needs and requirements or the proposed new rural church nay be translated into workable architectural drawings. Part of this technique is an analysis of building requirements and is called "Programming". Programming is not a complete answer to all the problems of the rural church nor will it always result in a perfect church building, but it can be a vary important tool by which a more functional and batter integrated building can be planned. This thesis will also attempt to clarify the role of the architect in the architectural planning of the rural church. An architect is a specially trained person and his services should be of use to rural as well as urban churches. It is not intended that this thesis give specific or detailed solutions to architectural planning, because each new church will present individual problems find conditions which belong solely to that church, its particular location and its denomination. The intent or this thesis is to help clarify the approach to architectural planning and to make programming easier for rural people.

Robinson, K. Frank

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Dark Matter and Dark Energy from the solution of the strong CP problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Peccei Quinn (PQ) solution of the strong CP problem requires the existence of axions, which are a viable candidate for Dark Matter. Here we show that, if the Nambu Goldstone potential of the PQ model is replaced by a potential V(|\\Phi|) admitting a tracker solution, the scalar field |\\Phi| can account for Dark Energy, while the phase of \\Phi yields axion Dark Matter. Such Dark Matter and Dark Energy turn out to be weakly coupled. If V is a SUGRA potential, the model essentially depends on a single parameter, the energy scale \\Lambda. Once we set \\Lambda \\simeq 10^{10} GeV, at the quark--hadron transition, |\\Phi| naturally passes through values suitable to solve the strong CP problem, later growing to values providing fair amounts of Dark Matter and Dark Energy. In this model, the linear growth factor, from recombination to now, is quite close to \\LambdaCDM. The selected \\Lambda value can be an indication of the scale where the soft breaking of SUSY occurred.

Roberto Mainini; Silvio A. Bonometto

2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

Rural electrification cooperative model (Solar-PV) in Madhya Pradesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to speed up the development of energy supply, involving the local population can be one of the main drivers for the success story of rural electrification. The local community involvement could be crystallised in the form of a cooperative model, ... Keywords: cooperative, electrification, model, renewable energy sources, rural, solar-PV, town

Najib Altawell; Tariq Muneer

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Quantum Theory at Planck Scale, Limiting Values, Deformed Gravity and Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within a theory of the existing fundamental length on the order of Planck's a high-energy deformation of the General Relativity for the space with horizon has been constructed. On this basis, Markov's work of the early eighties of the last century has been given a new interpretation to show that the heuristic model considered by him may be placed on a fundamental footing. The obtained results have been applied to solving of the dark energy problem, making it possible to frame the following hypothesis: a dynamic cosmological term is a measure of deviation from a thermodynamic identity (the first law of thermodynamics) of the high-energy (Planck's) deformation of Einstein equations for horizon spaces in their thermodynamic interpretation.

A. E. Shalyt-Margolin

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Issue Paper Potential Water Availability Problems Associated with Geothermal Energy Operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report is the first to study and discuss the effect of water supply problems of geothermal development. Geothermal energy resources have the potential of making a significant contribution to the U.S. energy supply situation, especially at the regional and local levels where the resources are located. A significant issue of concern is the availability and cost of water for use in a geothermal power operation primarily because geothermal power plants require large quantities of water for cooling, sludge handling and the operation of environmental control systems. On a per unit basis, geothermal power plants, because of their inherent high heat rejection rates, have cooling requirements several times greater than the conventional fossil fuel plants and therefore the supply of water is a critical factor in the planning, designing, and siting of geothermal power plants. However, no studies have been specifically performed to identify the water requirements of geothermal power plants, the underlying causes of water availability problems, and available techniques to alleviate some of these problems. There is no cost data included in the report. The report includes some descriptions of known geothermal areas. [DJE-2005

None

1982-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Studies in nonlinear problems of energy. Progress report, January 1, 1992--December 31, 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emphasis has been on combustion and flame propagation. The research program was on modeling, analysis and computation of combustion phenomena, with emphasis on transition from laminar to turbulent combustion. Nonlinear dynamics and pattern formation were investigated in the transition. Stability of combustion waves, and transitions to complex waves are described. Combustion waves possess large activation energies, so that chemical reactions are significant only in thin layers, or reaction zones. In limit of infinite activation energy, the zones shrink to moving surfaces, (fronts) which must be found during the analysis, so that (moving free boundary problems). The studies are carried out for limiting case with fronts, while the numerical studies are carried out for finite, though large, activation energy. Accurate resolution of the solution in the reaction zones is essential, otherwise false predictions of dynamics are possible. Since the the reaction zones move, adaptive pseudo-spectral methods were developed. The approach is based on a synergism of analytical and computational methods. The numerical computations build on and extend the analytical information. Furthermore, analytical solutions serve as benchmarks for testing the accuracy of the computation. Finally, ideas from analysis (singular perturbation theory) have induced new approaches to computations. The computational results suggest new analysis to be considered. Among the recent interesting results, was spatio-temporal chaos in combustion. One goal is extension of the adaptive pseudo-spectral methods to adaptive domain decomposition methods. Efforts have begun to develop such methods for problems with multiple reaction zones, corresponding to problems with more complex, and more realistic chemistry. Other topics included stochastics, oscillators, Rysteretic Josephson junctions, DC SQUID, Markov jumps, laser with saturable absorber, chemical physics, Brownian movement, combustion synthesis, etc.

Matkowsky, B.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Problem Set # 5 1. In a stratified flow the energy containing eddies have a time scale of N-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Problem Set # 5 1. In a stratified flow the energy containing eddies have a time scale of N-1 . (a , .1 o T C z m , (b) calculate the characteristic velocity of the energy containing eddies. (c is the turbulent kinetic energy per unit mass 23 2 E u , u, the characteristic turbulent velocity, the turbulent

Goodman, Louis

371

Report of the Energy Field Institute V on western energy opportunities, problems, and policy issues  

SciTech Connect

The fifth Energy and Minerals Field Institute program for Washington, D.C. Congressional and Executive Aides was held during August 15-21, 1982. The five-and-one-half day program was conducted through Wyoming, Colorado and Utah and consisted of visits to: an R and D tertiary petroleum production facility; an historic oil field entering secondary production; a surface uranium mine; a petroleum exploration drilling rig; a surface coal mine; an air cooled, coal-fired power plant; an oil shale site; a geothermal-electrical generating facility; and open pit copper mine and associated smelter and refinery; a petroleum refinery and an oil shale semi-works retort. During the field program, participants had opportunities to view communities affected by these activities, such as Wright City and Gillette, Wyoming, Parachute, Colorado and Milford and Cedar City, Utah. Throughout the program, aides met with local, state and industry officials and citizen leaders during bus rides, meals and site visits.

Hepworth, J.C.; Foss, M.M.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The coincidence problem in the scenario of dark energy interacting with two fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cosmological model of dark energy interacting with dark matter and another general component of the universe is considered. The evolution equations for coincidence parameters r and s, which represent the ratios between the dark energy and the matter and the other cosmic fluid, respectively, are analyzed in terms of the stability of stationary solutions. The obtained general results allow to shed some light on the coincidence problem and in the equations of state of the three interacting fluids, due to the constraints imposes by the stability of the solutions. We found that for an interaction proportional to the sum of the DE density and the third fluid density, the hypothetical fluid must have positive pressure, which leads naturally to a cosmological scenario with radiation, unparticle or even some form of warm DM as the third interacting fluid.

Norman Cruz; Samuel Lepe; Francisco Pena

2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Rural Entrepreneurship: Challenges and Opportunities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? According to World Bank Report published in 2012, the rural population in Sweden is 15.3 %. Rural population is calculated as difference between total… (more)

Imedashvili, Sopiko; Kekua, Ani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs June 28, 2012 - 6:43pm Addthis USDA Rural Development is making available up to $7 million in High Energy Cost Grants during fiscal year 2012 to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275 percent of the national average. The maximum amount of grant assistance that will be awarded under this notice is $3 million. Applicants must demonstrate that proposed communities meet one or more high energy cost benchmarks, such as average total household energy costs that exceed $4,860 annually. Funds may be used to acquire, construct, extend, upgrade or otherwise improve energy generation, transmission or

375

USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs June 28, 2012 - 6:43pm Addthis USDA Rural Development is making available up to $7 million in High Energy Cost Grants during fiscal year 2012 to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275 percent of the national average. The maximum amount of grant assistance that will be awarded under this notice is $3 million. Applicants must demonstrate that proposed communities meet one or more high energy cost benchmarks, such as average total household energy costs that exceed $4,860 annually. Funds may be used to acquire, construct, extend, upgrade or otherwise improve energy generation, transmission or

376

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change and broader environmental impacts, Purdue is building of energy including fossil fuels, nuclear, solar, wind and bioenergy. The activities incorporate socio

377

PHYS C1601 Solution to Optional Problem from Assignment 5 [1] Energy stored in elastic equals gravitational potential energy which is mass times dis-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYS C1601 Solution to Optional Problem from Assignment 5 [1] Energy stored in elastic equals gravitational potential energy which is mass times dis- tance dropped. Thus (1) E0.34kG = 34kG 0.36m g = 120J energy. Specifically, if the initial velocity has x and z components vx,z, the initial position

Millis, Andrew

378

White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities June 13, 2011 - 1:34pm Addthis Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Last Thursday, on behalf of Secretary Chu, I attended the first meeting of the White House Rural Council. The Council, established by President Obama's Executive Order on Thursday, provides a new mechanism to ensure that our work creating new business opportunities and jobs in rural America is well-coordinated between agencies and that no important opportunity is missed. The Energy Department has many programs that benefit families and business owners in rural America. Wind farms, for example, provide new sources of income for landowners. Our SunShot Initiative is rapidly reducing the cost

379

Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska August 13, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. - Four Cabinet Secretaries brought the Obama Administration's Rural Tour to rural Alaska today, with stops in Bethel and Hooper Bay, representing the largest Cabinet-level delegation to visit the state. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan, Education Secretary Arne Duncan, and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack held a public forum and indivdual stakeholder meetings in Bethel. The Secretaries toured a school, a housing development and wind turbines in Hooper Bay, a coastal fishing village. President Obama announced the launch of his Administration's Rural Tour in

380

White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities June 13, 2011 - 1:34pm Addthis Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Last Thursday, on behalf of Secretary Chu, I attended the first meeting of the White House Rural Council. The Council, established by President Obama's Executive Order on Thursday, provides a new mechanism to ensure that our work creating new business opportunities and jobs in rural America is well-coordinated between agencies and that no important opportunity is missed. The Energy Department has many programs that benefit families and business owners in rural America. Wind farms, for example, provide new sources of income for landowners. Our SunShot Initiative is rapidly reducing the cost

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Stability estimates for an inverse problem for the Schr\\"odinger equation at negative energy in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse problem of determining a real-valued potential in the two-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation at negative energy from the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. It is known that the problem is ill-posed and a stability estimate of logarithmic type holds. In this paper we prove three new stability estimates. The main feature of the first one is that the stability increases exponentially with respect to the smoothness of the potential, in a sense to be made precise. The others show how the first estimate depends on the energy, for low and high energies (in modulus). In particular it is found that for high energies the stability estimate changes, in some sense, from logarithmic type to Lipschitz type: in this sense the ill-posedness of the problem decreases when increasing the energy (in modulus).

Santacesaria, Matteo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

On the Solar Neutrino Problems, SNO experimental data and low-energy nuclear forces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Neutrino Problems (SNP's) are analysed within the Standard Solar Model (BP2000) supplemented by the reduction of the solar neutrino fluxes through the decrease of the solar core temperature. The former can be realized through the enhancement of the astrophysical factor for solar proton burning. The enhancement, the upper bound of which is restricted by the helioseismological data, goes dynamically due to low-energy nuclear forces described at the quantum field theoretic level. The agreement of the reduced solar neutrino fluxes with the experimental data is obtained within the scenario of vacuum two-flavour neutrino oscillations. We show that by fitting the mean value of the solar neutrino flux measured by HOMESTAKE Collaboration we predict the high energy solar neutrino flux measured by SNO Collaboration Phi(SNO(Boron))_th = 1.84 X 10^6 cm^(-2) s^(-1) in good agreement with the experimental value Phi(SNO(Boron))_exp = 1.75(0.14) X 10^6 cm^(-2) s^(-1) obtained via the measurement of the rate of reaction nu_e + D -> p + p + electron produced by boron solar neutrinos. The theoretical flux for low-energy neutrino flux measured by GALLIUM (GALLEX, GNO and SAGE) Collaborations S(Ga)_th = 65 SNU agrees with the experimental data averaged over experiments S(Ga)_exp = 75.6(4.8) SNU.

A. N. Ivanov; H. Oberhummer; N. I. Troitskaya

2001-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

383

A QMA-Complete Translationally Invariant Hamiltonian Problem and the Complexity of Finding Ground State Energies in Physical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we present a problem related to the local Hamiltonian problem (identifying whether the ground state energy falls within one of two ranges) which is restricted to being translationally invariant. We prove that for problems with a fixed local dimension and O(log(N))-body local terms, there are instances of the problem which are QMA-complete. We discuss the implications for the computational complexity of finding ground states of these systems, and hence for any classical approximation techniques that one could apply including DMRG, Matrix Product States and MERA.

Kay, Alastair

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

AP Theory III: Cone-like Graded SUSY, Dynamic Dark Energy and the YM Millenium Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Artin Presentation Theory, (AP Theory), is a new, direct infusion, via pure braid theory, of discrete group theory, (i.e., symmetry in its purest form), into the theory of {\\it smooth} 4-manifolds, (i.e.,$(3+1)$-Quantum Gravity in its purest topological form), thus exhibiting the most basic, rigorous, universal, model-free intrinsic {\\it gauge-gravity} duality in a non-infinitesimal, cone-like graded, as holographic as possible, model-independent, non-perturbative, background-independent, parameter-free manner. {\\it In AP Theory even smooth topology change becomes gauge-theoretic, setting the stage for a rigorous smooth topological $(3+1)$-QFT of Dynamic Dark Energy.} In this theory, the rigid $\\infty$ of the dimension of classical Hilbert space is substituted by the dynamic $\\infty$ of the $\\infty$ generation at each stage of a cone-like graded subgroup of topology-changing transitions/interactions. As a corollary, the Cosmological Constant problem and the YM Millenium Mass Gap problem, two of the most perplexing main problems of modern physics, become rigorously, intimately mathematically related, by having the same qualitative {\\it dynamical} roots. Ultimately our main point is meta-mathematical, as far as modern physics is concerned: due to the discrete group-theoretic conceptual simplicity of the theory, with its group-theoretic 'Planckian membrane/discreteness' starting point, {\\it the fact that it is not just a mere mathematical model,} and all its properties above, any other {\\it mathematically rigorous} approach has to built on AP Theory and be topologically absorbed and enveloped by it.

H. E. Winkelnkemper

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

385

Harnessing renewable energy technologies for ICT and e-governance services in un-electrified communities in rural Nepal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Government of Nepal's electronic-governance initiatives remain beyond the access of the majority of Nepal's population. Many are not even aware that such services exist. This is because due to Nepal's difficult terrain, two vital vehicles for e-governance ... Keywords: Nepal, program management, renewable energy technologies

Mona Sharma

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Asymptotics for Discrete Weighted Minimal Riesz Energy Problems on Rectifiable Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given a compact $d$-rectifiable set $A$ embedded in Euclidean space and a distribution $\\rho(x)$ with respect to $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $A$, we address the following question: how can one generate optimal configurations of $N$ points on $A$ that are "well-separated" and have asymptotic distribution $\\rho (x)$ as $N\\to \\infty$? For this purpose we investigate minimal weighted Riesz energy points, that is, points interacting via the weighted power law potential $V=w(x,y)|x-y|^{-s}$, where $s>0$ is a fixed parameter and $w$ is suitably chosen. In the unweighted case ($w\\equiv 1$) such points for $N$ fixed tend to the solution of the best-packing problem on $A$ as the parameter $s\\to \\infty$.

S. V. Borodachov; D. P. Hardin; E. B. Saff

2006-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

387

Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EIA, 2004a. “Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2001:between the average energy consumption of refrigerators inbetween the average energy consumption of SFR and MFR Energy

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Analytical Solution of a Simplified Transport Problem with Continuous Energy for Testing Monte Carlo Procedures,” this conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simplified transport problem is presented with continuous energy and neutrons moving only into the +X and –X direction. An exact analytical solution is given with a 1/E energy dependence of the space, direction and energy dependent neutron flux. The source function, which also behaves basically as 1/E has to be modified for a certain energy range if a maximum energy is introduced in the problem. At the cost of more complicated mathematics the total and scattering cross sections and the anisotropy of scattering may very with energy. This model can be implemented in a general purpose Monte Carlo code like MCNP5 without modification, but needs a specially prepared cross section library file. The model can be applied to test Monte Carlo procedures, like the generation of multi-group cross section and scattering matrices which can be calculated analytically from the continuous-energy cross section data. From the adjoint equation the optimum importance function can be derived, which can be used to devise a continuous-energy zero-variance Monte Carlo scheme. Key Words: transport problem, analytical solution, continuous energy, Monte Carlo 1.

J. Eduard Hoogenboom

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Unrest in Rural China: A 2003 Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and popular resistance in rural China,” China Information,administrative litigation in rural China,” paper preparedState Responses to Rural Unrest The regime perceived peasant

Bernstein, Thomas P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

ICTs and Rural Development in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICTs, Economics and Development 3. Rural ICTs: Household and11. Employment 12. Rural Development 13. Governance and1989), A Note on Interlinked Rural Economic Arrangements, in

Singh, Nirvikar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Many Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes Christopher Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Alan Meier, International Energy Agency ABSTRACT An increasing amount of electricity is used by equipment that is neither fully "on" nor fully "off." We call these equipment states low power modes, or "lopomos." "Standby" and "sleep" are the most familiar lopomos, but some new products already have many modes. Lopomos are becoming common in household appliances, safety equipment, and miscellaneous products. Ross and Meier (2000) reports that several international studies have found standby power to be as much as 10% of residential energy consumption. Lopomo energy consumption is

393

Economic impact of corrosion and scaling problems in geothermal energy systems  

SciTech Connect

Corrosion and scaling problems have a significant impact on geothermal plant economics. A power plant must amortize the capital investment over a 20-year period and achieve satisfactory operating efficiency to achieve financial success. Corrosion and scale incrustations have been encountered in all geothermal plants, and to various degrees, adversely affected plant life times and power output. Using published data this report analyzes known geothermal corrosion and scaling phenomena for significant cost impacts on plant design and operation. It has been necessary to speculate about causes and mechanisms in order to estimate impacts on conceptual geothermal plants. Silica is highly soluble in hot geothermal water and solubility decreases as water is cooled in a geothermal power plant. Calculations indicate as much as 30,000 tons/year could pass through a 100 MWe water cycle plant. The major cost impact will be on the reinjection well system where costs of 1 to 10 mills/kwhr of power produced could accrue to waste handling alone. On the other hand, steam cycle geothermal plants have a definite advantage in that significant silica problems will probably only occur in hot dry rock concepts, where steam above 250 C is produced. Calculation methods are given for estimating the required size and cost impact of a silica filtration plant and for sizing scrubbers. The choice of materials is significantly affected by the pH of the geothermal water, temperature, chloride, and H{sub s} contents. Plant concepts which attempt to handle acid waters above 180 C will be forced to use expensive corrosion resistant alloys or develop specialized materials. On the other hand, handling steam up to 500 C, and pH 9 water up to 180 C appears feasible using nominal cost steels, typical of today's geothermal plants. A number of factors affecting plant or component availability have been identified. The most significant is a corrosion fatigue problem in geothermal turbines at the Geyser's geothermal plant which is presently reducing plant output by about 10%. This is equivalent to over $3 million per year in increased oil consumption to replace the power. In the course of assessing the cost implications of corrosion and scaling problems, a number of areas of technological uncertainty were identified which should be considered in R and D planning in support of geothermal energy. Materials development with both laboratory and field testing will be necessary. The economic analysis on which this report is based was done in support of an AEC Division of Applied Technology program to assess the factors affecting geothermal plant economics. The results of this report are to be used to develop computer models of overall plant economics, of which corrosion and scaling problems are only a part. The translation of the economic analysis to the report which appears here, was done on AEC Special Studies Funds.

Shannon, D.W.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Economic impact of corrosion and scaling problems in geothermal energy systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Corrosion and scaling problems have a significant impact on geothermal plant economics. A power plant must amortize the capital investment over a 20-year period and achieve satisfactory operating efficiency to achieve financial success. Corrosion and scale incrustations have been encountered in all geothermal plants, and to various degrees, adversely affected plant life times and power output. Using published data this report analyzes known geothermal corrosion and scaling phenomena for significant cost impacts on plant design and operation. It has been necessary to speculate about causes and mechanisms in order to estimate impacts on conceptual geothermal plants. Silica is highly soluble in hot geothermal water and solubility decreases as water is cooled in a geothermal power plant. Calculations indicate as much as 30,000 tons/year could pass through a 100 MWe water cycle plant. The major cost impact will be on the reinjection well system where costs of 1 to 10 mills/kwhr of power produced could accrue to waste handling alone. On the other hand, steam cycle geothermal plants have a definite advantage in that significant silica problems will probably only occur in hot dry rock concepts, where steam above 250 C is produced. Calculation methods are given for estimating the required size and cost impact of a silica filtration plant and for sizing scrubbers. The choice of materials is significantly affected by the pH of the geothermal water, temperature, chloride, and H{sub s} contents. Plant concepts which attempt to handle acid waters above 180 C will be forced to use expensive corrosion resistant alloys or develop specialized materials. On the other hand, handling steam up to 500 C, and pH 9 water up to 180 C appears feasible using nominal cost steels, typical of today's geothermal plants. A number of factors affecting plant or component availability have been identified. The most significant is a corrosion fatigue problem in geothermal turbines at the Geyser's geothermal plant which is presently reducing plant output by about 10%. This is equivalent to over $3 million per year in increased oil consumption to replace the power. In the course of assessing the cost implications of corrosion and scaling problems, a number of areas of technological uncertainty were identified which should be considered in R and D planning in support of geothermal energy. Materials development with both laboratory and field testing will be necessary. The economic analysis on which this report is based was done in support of an AEC Division of Applied Technology program to assess the factors affecting geothermal plant economics. The results of this report are to be used to develop computer models of overall plant economics, of which corrosion and scaling problems are only a part. The translation of the economic analysis to the report which appears here, was done on AEC Special Studies Funds.

Shannon, D.W.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transaction Costs in Energy Efficiency Purchase Decisions.in cost-saving energy efficiency investments. This came tohome energy efficiency in order to hold construction costs

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Proper Setup of HVAC System in Conjunction with Sound Building 'Skin' Design for Alleviation of IAQ and Energy Performance Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption in buildings is a growing concern. Many buildings are energy hogs simply because they were not set up properly to begin with. The building envelope and infiltration of unconditioned air is also a major concern in hot and humid climates, not only because of the loss of energy, but also because of damage that can result to insulation, drywall, and structure in addition to promotion of mold and mildew growth. Proper setup of the HVAC system, in conjunction with sound building “skin” design, can alleviate many of these problems. This paper will explain how most mixed air HVAC systems are set up with problems to begin with and how to identify and solve those problems. It will explain different control schemes that specifically deal with proper building pressurization

Rosenberg, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy that may isolate some markets or portions thereof from energy priceenergy that may isolate some markets or portions thereof from energy priceenergy that may isolate some markets or portions thereof from energy price

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

SOLERAS: Rural/agricultural project technical overview  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Rural and Agricultural Solar Applications Projects is to enhance the quality of rural life in hot, arid climates by providing systems that use renewable or regenerable energy sources for domestic or communal, agricultural, and local industrial applications. These systems must provide domestic services such as hot water, heat for cooking, and electric power for lighting, communications, and refrigeration. In addition, agricultural applications such as water desalination, irrigation pumping, and heat and electricity for crop or food processing and local industrial functions, can become the basis for improving the villagers' standard of living. 29 refs., 82 figs., 23 tabs.

Huraib, F.S.; Adcock, J.P.; Knect, R.D.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

MC21 analysis of the nuclear energy agency Monte Carlo performance benchmark problem  

SciTech Connect

Due to the steadily decreasing cost and wider availability of large scale computing platforms, there is growing interest in the prospects for the use of Monte Carlo for reactor design calculations that are currently performed using few-group diffusion theory or other low-order methods. To facilitate the monitoring of the progress being made toward the goal of practical full-core reactor design calculations using Monte Carlo, a performance benchmark has been developed and made available through the Nuclear Energy Agency. A first analysis of this benchmark using the MC21 Monte Carlo code was reported on in 2010, and several practical difficulties were highlighted. In this paper, a newer version of MC21 that addresses some of these difficulties has been applied to the benchmark. In particular, the confidence-interval-determination method has been improved to eliminate source correlation bias, and a fission-source-weighting method has been implemented to provide a more uniform distribution of statistical uncertainties. In addition, the Forward-Weighted, Consistent-Adjoint-Driven Importance Sampling methodology has been applied to the benchmark problem. Results of several analyses using these methods are presented, as well as results from a very large calculation with statistical uncertainties that approach what is needed for design applications. (authors)

Kelly, D. J.; Sutton, T. M. [Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation, P. O. Box 1072, Schenectady, NY 12301-1072 (United States); Wilson, S. C. [Bertis Atomic Power Laboratory, Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation, P. O. Box 79, West Mifflin, PA 15122-0079 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $500 Provider Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of rebates to commercial, residential, and agricultural customers. Owners of both new construction and existing buildings are eligible for a $500 rebate for solar water heaters. The water heaters must have an auxiliary tank of at least 40 gallons and the solar water heater

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities Agency/Company /Organization: International Fund for Agricultural Development Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ifad.org/climate/factsheet/e.pdf References: Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities[1] Background "Adaptation to climate variability has been a de facto part of IFAD's work for decades, through its efforts to build the resilience of poor rural people to difficult conditions. More recently, in response to the growing magnitude of climate change, IFAD is increasingly integrating adaptation

402

Controversy over rural electrification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The disappointing rate of rural electrification in a number of developing countries has raised issues about the equity of utility investments and subsidies since limited connection to the central grid threatens to increase the gap between rich and poor. A review of the arguments for and against central-grid rural electrification cites the efficiency and low cost of electricity, improved productivity, and a way to balance urban and rural investments as the principal benefits. Critics challenge these points and argue that electrification is too costly, has uneven social benefits, and has no direct economic benefits. They feel that the US model of rural electrification may not be applicable to developing countries with a lower per-capita income and that central grid generation lacks the merits of development strategies based on renewable sources and alternative technologies. Studies show that the impact of rural electrification varies among countries, but that even the more successful will require subsidies to ensure that electrification projects are coordinated with social and economic programs. 11 references, 1 table. (DCK)

Barnes, D.F.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Longer-term domestic supply problems for nonrenewable materials with special emphasis on energy-related applications  

SciTech Connect

An examination is made on how materials are used in present and future energy production and use. Problem areas which are discussed include by-products production, import limitations, substitution and recycle, accelerated use, synthesis, and the adequacy of the data bases availability. (FS)

Goeller, H.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Problems Closing the Energy Balance over a Homogeneous Snow Cover during Midwinter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of the energy balance approach to estimate snowmelt inherently presumes that the external energy fluxes can be measured or modeled with sufficient accuracy to reliably estimate the internal energy changes and melt rate. However, owing ...

Warren Helgason; John Pomeroy

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Variation of Solar Attenuation with Height in CAPLTER The atmosphere over rural and urbanized areas differs in many ways in relation to terrain influences and human-induced variations (e.g., heat, humidity, wind, and pollution). The sun's energy penetrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on amounts of solar energy that are accumulated at any given time. These controls range from extraterrestrial of variability cascade into plant productivity, solar energy technology, and urban climate processes, in generalVariation of Solar Attenuation with Height in CAPLTER Abstract The atmosphere over rural

Hall, Sharon J.

406

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: IEEE Sector: Energy Focus Area: Grid Assessment and Integration Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Technical report Website: ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1709540 UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa Language: English References: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa[1] "With the population of 13.4% of the world and a land area of 15%, Africa has only 2% of the world's industrial capacity. Its per capita income is only 15% of the world average and only consumes 3% of world energy. Many

407

Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America June 11, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE Lindsay Gsell Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part of rural America's energy future. Unlike the more common biofuel derived from corn, these are non-food/feed based cellulosic feedstocks, and the energy content of the biomass makes it ideal for converting to sustainable fuel. Last January in Vonore, Tenn., DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE)

408

Making use of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

This book describes renewable energy projects proposed for the rural areas of developing countries. Topics considered include biogas generation in Zimbabwe, biogas technology for water pumping in Botswana, soil fertility and energy problems in rural development in the Zaire rain forest, international scientific collaboration on biogas technologies for rural development, alcohol from biomass, an ethanol project in Zimbabwe, biomass alcohol and the fuel-food issue, solar water heating in Zimbabwe, absorbent box solar cookers, solar crop drying in Zimbabwe, the use of passive solar energy in Botswana buildings, the potential of mini hydro systems, woodfuel as a potential renewable energy source, small-scale afforestation for domestic needs in the communal lands of Zimbabwe, muscle power, the use of human energy in construction, hand-operated water pumps, animal power for water pumping in Botswana, the production of charcoal in Zambia, improving the efficiency of a traditional charcoal-burning Burmese cooking stove, social impacts, non-engineering constraints affecting energy use in a rural area, women and energy, and non-technical factors influencing the establishment of fuels-from-crops industries in developing countries.

Johnston, J.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Analyzing Principal-Agent Problem on Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Retrofit from selected Governmental Buildings in Beijing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Governmental Buildings in Beijing Zhijun Liu University of California, Davis 03/19/2010 #12;2 1. Introduction 2004 energy statistic data, building consumed 25.5% of the total national energy, and it was estimated that building has the greatest potential for energy conservation. Though the average building energy consumption

California at Davis, University of

410

Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country Cambodia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Overview "The study focused on (i) market outlook (trends in energy supply and use

411

Community Energy Partnerships Program (Ontario, Canada) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Energy Partnerships Program (Ontario, Canada) Community Energy Partnerships Program (Ontario, Canada) Eligibility Agricultural MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric...

412

POLICY BRIEF RURAL BROADBAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unused airwaves abutting broadcast television spectrum to be available for wireless broadband 1. Opening these airwaves, which are commonly called television “white spaces, ” is expected to lead to improved wireless connectivity and considerable innovation in Internet?based products and services. Advocates say that the new rules could significantly upgrade the range and quality of broadband services across rural America. This change is just one of many decisions, policies, reports, and pieces of legislation concerning improved broadband deployment that have appeared in recent months. This brief has been prepared to give policymakers and practitioners with interests in rural development some background on the issues and opportunities associated with rural broadband, as a basis for wiser public choice on investment in rural places. What is broadband? The term ”broadband ” refers to any technology that transmits data across the Internet at high speeds and is “always on ” – as compared with a dial?up system that must be connected each time a user wishes to access the Internet. Broadband systems have a two?way stream of data: upstream for sending data and downstream for receiving data. Broadband services in the United States are most often delivered by telephone companies on digital

Brian Dabson; Jennifer Keller; Brian Dabson; Jennifer Keller I

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Principal-Agent Problems in Energy Efficient Computing in a University Setting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of buildings, energy efficiency is seen as the key element to achieve carbon neutrality. Furthermore, the McKinsey report on climate change (McKinsey & Company 2007) and the Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan (CPUC 2008

California at Davis, University of

414

The Fixed Priority Scheduling Problem for Energy Harvesting Real-Time Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy harvesting is the process of generating electrical energy from environmental sources such as solar panels. In recent years, this term has been frequently applied in the context of small autonomous devices such as wireless sensor nodes. The classical ...

Younes Chandarli; Yasmina Abdeddaïm; Damien Masson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Repensar lo rural ante la globalización: La sociedad civil migrante  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

repensar lo rural ante la globalización LA SOCIEDADjonathan fox ** REPENSAR LO RURAL ANTE LA GLOBALIZACIÓN: REstado Unidos. El compo- nente rural–rural de este proceso

Fox, Jonathan A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programming approach to the energy-technology management problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the development and population of North America continues to grow, the demand for environmentally friendly or clean energy generation is becoming more of an issue. We present a model that addresses the energy technologies that may continue to be used ... Keywords: Clean energy, Mixed-Integer Programming, Scenario, Stochastic programming, Two-stage

Stephen J. Stoyan; Maged M. Dessouky

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Agricultural and Rural Communities  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

and Rural Communities and Rural Communities Wind Powering America continues to develop and strengthen alliances with the agricultural sector and organizational alliances, including 25x'25, the American Corn Growers Foundation, the National Association of Counties, and the National Association of Farm Broadcasters. Agricultural lands in the United States are ripe for generating and utilizing renewable energy resources. With net farm and ranch income down and drought conditions throughout much of the United States, farmers and ranchers and others in the agricultural community are taking a serious look at how wind energy can become their new cash crop. The agricultural community includes not only farmers and ranchers, but also rural community leaders such as banks, rural economic development

418

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In northern China, there are a large number of space buildings divided in inner zone and exterior zone based on usage requirements. The exterior zone needs to be heated in winter and cooled in summer, while the inner zone needs to be cooled both in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy consumption for this kind of system.

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

A Statistical Treatment of the Gamma-Ray Burst "No Host Galaxy" Problem: II. Energies of Standard Candle Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the discovery that the afterglows after some bursts are coincident with faint galaxies, the search for host galaxies is no longer a test of whether bursts are cosmological, but rather a test of particular cosmological models. The methodology we developed to investigate the original "no host galaxy" problem is equally valid for testing different cosmological models, and is applicable to the galaxies coincident with optical transients. We apply this methodology to a family of models where we vary the total energy of standard candle bursts. We find that total isotropic energies of E<2e52~erg are ruled out while log(E)~53 erg is favored.

D. L. Band; D. H. Hartmann; B. E. Schaefer

1998-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

420

Das Pendel-Problem. Wir betrachten die Hamilton-Funktion: Die Abbildung 1 zeigt die Energie H entlang der numerischen Lsungen (exp. Euler, Mittel-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2250 2300 -2 0 2 x 10 -3 Energy error Abbildung 3: Sonnensystem. Das N-Körper-Problem. Die Abbildung 3Kapitel I Das Pendel-Problem. Wir betrachten die Hamilton-Funktion: H(p, q) = 1 2 p2 - cos(q). Die Abbildung 1 zeigt die Energie H entlang der numerischen Lösungen (exp. Euler, Mittel- punktsregel, symp

Cohen, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Velocity distribution of high-energy particles and the solar neutrino problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy infers high velocity and high velocity is a concept of special relativity. The Maxwellian velocity distribution is corrected to be consistent with special relativity. The corrected distribution reduces to the Maxwellian distribution for small velocities, contains a relatively depleted high-energy tail and vanishes at the velocity of light. This corrected distribution will lower solar neutrino fluxes and change solar neutrino energy spectra but keep solar sound speeds.

Jian-Miin Liu

2001-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

422

On the problem of uniqueness of energy-momentum tensor of gravitational field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For an island-like distribution of matter the gravitational energy-momentum tensor is defined according to Weinberg as a source of metric. If this source is formed by self-interactions of gravitons, so that nonphysical degrees of freedom are excluded, then this source is a reasonable candidate for the energy-momentum tensor of gravitational field. The disastrous influence of the nonphysical degrees of freedom is demonstrated by comparing the gravitational energy-momentum tensors in the harmonic, isotropic and standard frames for the Schwarzschild solution. The harmonic frame is clearly preferable for defining the gravitational energy-momentum tensor.

A. I. Nikishov

2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

423

A stochastic mixed-integer programming approach to the energy-technology management problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

big cities simply purchase energy from neighboring power plants; however, this may not be feasible, the decision on how a city should generate power is not a simple one. There are many new technologies energy generation will have to expand. For example nuclear power will have to increase capacity by 12

Dessouky, Maged

424

The World Energy Problem -What Should We be Doing? FPA Annual Meeting, Washington 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrates1462.23GAS Shale Oil, Bitumen and Heavy Oil% of 11180.22OIL Unconv. Conventional1483.50OIL + NGLs and Resources," John Sheffield. #12;Projected World Energy Demand in Gtoe (Gigatonnes of oil energy equivalent 1995 & 2004 Note proved recoverable: Coal: 567 (1995) and 643 (2004). Oil: 141 (1995) and 148 (2004

425

On the economic analysis of problems in energy efficiency: Market barriers, market failures, and policy implications  

SciTech Connect

In his recent paper in The Energy Journal, Ronald Sutherland argues that several so-called ``market barriers`` to energy efficiency frequently cited in the literature are not market failures in the conventional sense and are thus irrelevant for energy policy. We argue that Sutherland has inadequately analyzed the idea of market barrier and misrepresented the policy implications of microeconomics. We find that economic theory, correctly interpreted, does not provide for the categorical dismissal of market barriers. We explore important methodological issues underlying the debate over market barriers, and discuss the importance of reconciling the findings of non-economic social sciences with the economic analysis of energy demand and consumer decision-making. We also scrutinize Sutherland`s attempt to apply finance theory to rationalize high implicit discount rates observed in energy-related choices, and find this use of finance theory to be inappropriate.

Sanstad, A.H.; Koomey, J.G.; Levine, M.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

On the economic analysis of problems in energy efficiency: Market barriers, market failures, and policy implications  

SciTech Connect

In his recent paper in The Energy Journal, Ronald Sutherland argues that several so-called market barriers'' to energy efficiency frequently cited in the literature are not market failures in the conventional sense and are thus irrelevant for energy policy. We argue that Sutherland has inadequately analyzed the idea of market barrier and misrepresented the policy implications of microeconomics. We find that economic theory, correctly interpreted, does not provide for the categorical dismissal of market barriers. We explore important methodological issues underlying the debate over market barriers, and discuss the importance of reconciling the findings of non-economic social sciences with the economic analysis of energy demand and consumer decision-making. We also scrutinize Sutherland's attempt to apply finance theory to rationalize high implicit discount rates observed in energy-related choices, and find this use of finance theory to be inappropriate.

Sanstad, A.H.; Koomey, J.G.; Levine, M.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

On the energy hole problem of nonuniform node distribution in wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — In this paper, we investigate the theoretical aspects of the nonuniform node distribution strategy in wireless sensor networks, which aims to avoid the energy hole around the sink. We find that in a circular sensor network with a nonuniform node distribution and constant data reporting, the unbalanced energy depletion among the nodes in the whole network is unavoidable. This is because although all the inner nodes have used up their energy simultaneously, the outmost part of the network may still have energy left. In spite of this fact, a suboptimal energy efficiency among the inner parts of the network is possible if the number of nodes increases with geometric proportion from the outer parts to the inner ones. In our proposed nonuniform node distribution strategy, the ratio between the node densities of the adjacent (i+1)th corona and the ith corona is equal to (2i ? 1)/q(2i +1), where q is the geometric proportion mentioned above. We also present a routing algorithm with this node distribution strategy. Simulation experiments demonstrate that when the network lifetime has ended, the nodes in the inner parts of the network achieve nearly balanced energy depletion, and only less than 10 % of the total energy is wasted. I.

Xiaobing Wu; Guihai Chen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

On Plateau's Problem for Soap Films with a Bound on Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove existence and a.e. regularity of an area minimizing soap film with a bound on energy spanning a given Jordan curve in R^3. The energy of a film is defined to be the sum of its surface area and the length of its singular branched set. The class of surfaces over which area is minimized includes images of disks, integral currents, nonorientable surfaces and soap films as observed by Plateau with a bound on energy. Our area minimizing solution is shown to be a smooth surface away from its branched set which is a union of Lipschitz Jordan curves of finite total length.

Jenny Harrison

2004-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

429

On the definiteness of associated energy-momentum tensors to a class of general variation problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show the point-wise definiteness and some other properties of the energy-momentum tensor for a certain class of Euler-Lagrange equations under quite general conditions.

Kurt Pagani

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

An Alternative f (R, T) Gravity Theory and the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a generalized gravity theory was proposed by Harko etal where the Lagrangian density is an arbitrary function of the Ricci scalar R and the trace of the stress-energy tensor T, known as F(R,T) gravity. In their derivation of the field equations, they have not considered conservation of the stress-energy tensor. In the present work, we have shown that a part of the arbitrary function f(R,T) can be determined if we take into account of the conservation of stress-energy tensor, although the form of the field equations remain similar. For homogeneous and isotropic model of the universe the field equations are solved and corresponding cosmological aspects has been discussed. Finally, we have studied the energy conditions in this modified gravity theory both generally and a particular case of perfect fluid with constant equation of state.

Subenoy Chakraborty

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

431

Problems and opportunities fr solar energy in biomass, pyrolysis, and gasification  

SciTech Connect

Passive solar input for drying crops and wood already make a significant input to the US energy budget, and active solar drying, requiring temperatures below 200/sup 0/C, can easily make an important substitution for fossil fuels in drying. Pyrolysis of biomass typically requires less than 1.6 MBtu/dry ton at a temperature of 500/sup 0/C, and this could potentially be supplied by direct solar heating. The heat input is likely to be by indirect heating of a solid, liquid or gas heat-transfer agent. Fast pyrolysis requires modest heat inputs with high heat-transfer rates at temperatures over 900/sup 0/C and thus may be particularly suited to focusing collectors as energy sources. Char gasification, using steam or CO/sub 2/, requires large energy inputs at temperatures over 900/sup 0/C and thus is the least likely field of application of solar energy. Ultimately, the large scale application of solar energy to biomass pyrolysis and gasification will depend on the relative cost of direct solar versus biomass inputs. Biomass energy inputs now typically cost 1 to 3 $/MBtu; when direct solar heat costs begin to approach this level, we may begin to use direct solar process heat for biomass conversion.

Reed, T.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Microfinance commercialization in rural China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??vii, 75 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm HKUST Call Number: Thesis SOSC 2006 HuangY Rural microfinance in China is a way to mobilize funds… (more)

Huang, Yang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Mobile Persuasive Technologies for Rural Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Iterative Design with Rural Health Workers 4.13 Understanding the Role of Technology in Rural Maternal 3.15 Mobile Persuasive Messages for Rural Health Promotion 5.1

Ramachandran, Divya Lalitha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Towards access to information in rural India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rural areas in India are characterized by limited land availability, low literacy, inadequate health, sanitary and drinking water facilities. In spite of over five decades of independence, the rural scenario has not changed much and 75% of rural people ...

K. A. Raju

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications, Technical report Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTRURELECT/Resources/full_doc.pdf Cost: Free Language: English The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Screenshot References: The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits[1] This report reviews recent methodological advances made in measuring the

436

Indiana | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations (Indiana) This legislation encourages the development of alternative energy projects using clean or renewable...

437

L2 series solution of the relativistic Dirac-Morse problem for all energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain analytic solutions for the one-dimensional Dirac equation with the Morse potential as an infinite series of square integrable functions. These solutions are for all energies, the discrete as well as the continuous. The elements of the spinor basis are written in terms of the confluent hypergeometric functions. They are chosen such that the matrix representation of the Dirac-Morse operator for continuous spectrum (i.e., for scattering energies larger than the rest mass) is tridiagonal. Consequently, the wave equation results in a three-term recursion relation for the expansion coefficients of the wavefunction. The solution of this recursion relation is obtained in terms of the continuous dual Hahn orthogonal polynomials. On the other hand, for the discrete spectrum (i.e., for bound states with energies less than the rest mass) the spinor wave functions result in a diagonal matrix representation for the Dirac-Morse Hamiltonian.

A. D. Alhaidari

2004-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

Challenge problem and milestones for : Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) waste Integrated Performance and Safety Codes (IPSC).  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the specification of a challenge problem and associated challenge milestones for the Waste Integrated Performance and Safety Codes (IPSC) supporting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Campaign. The NEAMS challenge problems are designed to demonstrate proof of concept and progress towards IPSC goals. The goal of the Waste IPSC is to develop an integrated suite of modeling and simulation capabilities to quantitatively assess the long-term performance of waste forms in the engineered and geologic environments of a radioactive waste storage or disposal system. The Waste IPSC will provide this simulation capability (1) for a range of disposal concepts, waste form types, engineered repository designs, and geologic settings, (2) for a range of time scales and distances, (3) with appropriate consideration of the inherent uncertainties, and (4) in accordance with robust verification, validation, and software quality requirements. To demonstrate proof of concept and progress towards these goals and requirements, a Waste IPSC challenge problem is specified that includes coupled thermal-hydrologic-chemical-mechanical (THCM) processes that describe (1) the degradation of a borosilicate glass waste form and the corresponding mobilization of radionuclides (i.e., the processes that produce the radionuclide source term), (2) the associated near-field physical and chemical environment for waste emplacement within a salt formation, and (3) radionuclide transport in the near field (i.e., through the engineered components - waste form, waste package, and backfill - and the immediately adjacent salt). The initial details of a set of challenge milestones that collectively comprise the full challenge problem are also specified.

Freeze, Geoffrey A.; Wang, Yifeng; Howard, Robert; McNeish, Jerry A.; Schultz, Peter Andrew; Arguello, Jose Guadalupe, Jr.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Evaluation of the PV technology for rural electrification improvement : China market focus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy use, especially electricity, in China is rapidly growing, but China faced two challenges in developing new energy supply: global climate changes and unbalanced economic development between urban and rural regions. ...

Cho, Kyoung Suk

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

C1000 Problem Set 4 (Draft 10/16/03; Menke) Frontiers of Science (C1000) Problem Set 4 on Energy Relevant to Green House Gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to electricity. The USA demand for electricity during year 2000 was about 3600 billion kilowatt-hours. Sunlight to be covered by solar energy farms to equal US electrical energy demand? Put this number in context of energy for transportation, electricity generation, heating and cooling. This industrial energy is now

Menke, William

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Modified Hubble law, the time-varying Hubble parameter and the problem of dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of the solvable model of cosmology constructed in the Earth-related coordinate system, we derive the modified Hubble law. This law carries the slowly time-varying Hubble parameter. The modified Hubble law eliminates the need for dark energy.

Jian-Miin Liu

2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

442

Interacting Holographic Dark Energy Model as a Dynamical system and the Coincidence Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the evolution of a holographic cosmological model with future event horizon as the infrared cut-off and dark matter and dark energy do not evolve independently $-$ there is interaction between them. The basic evolution equations are reduced to an autonomous system and corresponding phase space is analyzed.

Ritabrata Biswas; Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

443

Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Geothermal Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Geothermal Rebate Program Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Geothermal Rebate Program...

444

Information Technology and Rural Development in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Technology and Rural Development in India –California, Santa Cruz, USA Information Technology and Rural2004 Abstract How can information technology (IT) contribute

Singh, Nirvikar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Agency/Company /Organization: Ray Holland, Lahiru Perera, Teodoro Sanchez, Dr Rona Wilkinson Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: cdn1.practicalaction.org/r/u/4d927f75-6660-426f-941e-13a02e33baf9.pdf? Cost: Free Language: English This review of recent practice draws on ITDG's twenty years experience of supporting off-grid solutions in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Zimbabwe and Peru in particular, and on work by other organisations in other countries, such as Indonesia, Kenya, Vietnam, South Africa.

446

A Conical Tear Drop as a Vacuum-Energy Drain for the Solution of the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a partial solution to the cosmological constant problem by using the simple observation that a three-brane in a six-dimensional bulk is flat. A model is presented in which Standard Model vacuum energy is always absorbed by the transverse space. The latter is a tear-drop like space with a conical singularity, which preserves bulk supersymmetry and gives rise to conventional macroscopic 4D gravity with no cosmological constant. Its cone acts like a drain, depleting vacuum energy from the three-brane to the tear drop increasing its volume. We stress that although gravity is treated classically, Standard Model is handled quantum-field theoretically and the model is robust against Standard Model corrections and particular details. The price paid is the presence of boundaries which are nevertheless physically harmless by appropriate boundary conditions.

Alex Kehagias

2004-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

447

Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary  

SciTech Connect

In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

NONE

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Rural Schools and Distance Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2006, the author began research on current issues in rural education in which teachers recounted narratives of teaching. As deficits, they spoke of an inability to retain teachers, too little diversity in student programming, and lack of access to ... Keywords: Distance Education, Distance Education Technologies, Educational Technology, Rural Schools, Teacher Practices

Barbara G. Barter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rural Driving Hazards Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on unpaved, dirt and gravel, roads. Visitors should be aware of the driving hazards this presents by taking the following precautions: Proceed cautiously: Many rural roads have unmarked and blind intersections. Slow down: Sanded and gravel raods can cause a vehicle to swerve. Maintain a safe following distance: During the dry season, vehicles

450

Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable Supply of Domestic Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Senegal-GTZ Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable supply of domestic fuel (PERACOD) Name Senegal-GTZ Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable supply of domestic fuel (PERACOD) Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Partner German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Ministry of Energy Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2003 Program End 2015 Country Senegal Western Africa References Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable supply of domestic fuel (PERACOD) [1]

451

Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award February 17, 2006 - 12:02pm Addthis WASHINGTON , DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative (IREC) will receive the 2005 Wind Cooperative of the Year Award. The utility was cited for its leadership, demonstrated success, and innovation in its wind power program. "Illinois Rural Electric has been awarded for its innovation and commitment to wind power," said Douglas L. Faulkner, Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. "They have demonstrated that wind power can contribute to a cleaner environment, a stronger local economy and

452

Pemex: Problems and Policy Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Studies University of California, Berkeley Pemex: Problems and Policy Options David Shields Independent Energy

Shields, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Cryodynamics can solve the energy problem by stabilizing ITER: A prediction  

SciTech Connect

An optimistic scenario is sketched which only at first sight appears unrealistic. The ingredients go back to the names of Zwicky and Chandrasekhar. Thermodynamics is not the only basis on which to build macroscopic machines. The recently described sister discipline of cryodynamics is characterized by a decrease in entropy and enables thereby, in conjunction with the entropy increase of thermodynamics, an eternally recycling cosmos. A first down-to-earth application is proposed that would be highly beneficial in stabilizing hot fusion. Skepticism and hope still are in balance but a new industrial age with unlimited energy is proposed to be dawning.

Roessler, Otto E.; Kuske, Frank; Sanayei, Ali [Faculty of Science, University of Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72074 Tuebingen (Germany)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

454

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Summary "The objectives of this study are to: identify promising areas for investment in the development of the biofuel subsector in Thailand, with due consideration of the country's

455

Clothes washer standards in China -- The problem of water and energy trade-offs in establishing efficiency standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

report of the China Sustainable Energy Program of the EnergyReport to China Sustainable Energy Program on the China

Biermayer, Peter J.; Lin, Jiang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NGC 5548: The AGN Energy Budget Problem and the Geometry of the Broad-Line Region and Torus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider in detail the spectral energy distribution (SED) and multi-wavelength variability of NGC5548. Comparison with the SEDs of other AGNs implies that the internal reddening of NGC5548 is E(B-V) = 0.17 mag. The extinction curve is consistent with the mean curve of other AGNs found by Gaskell & Benker, but inconsistent with an SMC-type reddening curve. Because most IR emission originates exterior to the broad-line region (BLR), the SED seen by the inner BLR is different from that seen by the outer BLR and from the earth. The most likely BLR covering factor is ~ 40% and it is not possible to get an overall BLR covering factor of less than 20%. This requires that the BLR is not spherically symmetric and that we are viewing through a hole. Line-continuum variability transfer functions are consistent with this geometry. The covering factor and geometry imply that near the equatorial plane the BLR covering approaches 100%. The spectrum seen by the outer regions of the BLR and by the torus is thus modified by the absorption in the inner BLR. This shielding solves the problem of observed BLR ionization stratification being much greater than implied by photoionization models. The BLR obscuration also removes the problem of the torus covering factor being greater than the BLR covering factor, and gives consistency with the observed fraction of obscured AGNs. The flux reduction at the torus also reduces the problem of AGN dust-reverberation lags giving sizes smaller than the dust-sublimation radii.

C. Martin Gaskell; Elizabeth S. Klimek; Ludmila S. Nazarova

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

457

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Butler Rural Electric Cooperative - Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Ohio Residential Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling...

458

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Missouri Public Service Commission Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy...

459

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal) Iowa Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Bioenergy Alternative Fuel...

460

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits (Corporate) Iowa Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rural energy problem" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Smart Grid Implementation http:energy.govoedownloadscomments-national-rural-electric-cooperative-association-request-information-addressing Page Topic A" Awardee:...

462

China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country China UN Region Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Overview "The goals of this project are to better understand biofuel development in the PRC; assess the implications of the biofuel program on food prices,crop

463

Peer Effects in Employment: Results from Mexico's Poor Rural Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to design better performing rural development strategies.and G. Escobar. 2001. “Rural Nonfarm Employment and IncomesBank. 2002. Reaching the Rural Poor: An Updated Strategy for

Araujo, Caridad; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimal taxation with joint production of agriculture and rural amenities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production of agriculture and rural amenities 1 Georgesof an agricultural good and rural amenities, the ?rst-besthenceforth use the generic term rural amenities to refer to

Casamatta, Georges; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences Success?#  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences62. Internet Kiosks in Rural India: What Influences Success?2005), Enabling ICT for Rural India, Project Report,

Kendall, Jake; Singh, Nirvikar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

More Than “Not Urban”: Seeking a Quantifiable Definition of Rural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010. “2010 Census Urban and Rural Classification and Urbanwillamson_2003.cfm. California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc.and Opportunities in Four Rural Americas. Durham: University

Miller, Ruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Rural Vehicles in China: Appropriate Policy for Appropriate Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 (in Chinese). Zhang, Z. , 1999. Rural Industrialization intractors. J. Tractors Rural Vehicles. Issue 6 (in Chinese).1997. Development and prospect of rural vehicles. J. Factory

Sperling, Dan; Lin, Zhenhong; Hamilton, Peter

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Remittances, Inequality and Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimates from Mexico National Rural Household Survey, 2003.Estimates from Mexico National Rural Household Survey, 2003.and Inequality in Rural Egypt, Economic Development and

Taylor, J. Edward; Mora, Jorge; Adams, Richard; Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table 1.5: Rural to Urban Migration2. Land in the Rural-Urban MigrationMarriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .

Meng, Lei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Reaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 Dance Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reaching Rural Communities: Videoconferencing in K-12 danceto resources not found in rural communities (Schwier &of meeting the needs of rural communities and a promising

Parrish, Mila Dr.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities, and the Courts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sexual-Minority Adolescents in Rural Communities in British1967)). Id. Urban Bias, Rural Sexual Minorities entationsitive to the fact that many rural sexual minorities engage

Luke, Boso

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Migrant Organization and Hometown Impacts in Rural Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Hometown Blackwell in Rural Mexico Henry Bernstein andand Hometown Impacts in Rural Mexico JONATHAN FOX ANDmigration, development and rural democratization is not well

Fox, Jonathan A; Bada, Xochitl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Remittances, Inequality and Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Source: Estimates from Mexico National Rural HouseholdSource: Estimates from Mexico National Rural Householdand Poverty: Evidence from Rural Mexico by J. Edward Taylor,

Taylor, J. Edward; Mora, Jorge; Adams, Richard; Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Sustainable fuelwood use in rural Mexico. Volume 1: Current patterns of resource use  

SciTech Connect

The present report summarizes the results of the first phase of a project of cooperation between the Mexican National Commission for Energy Conservation (CONAE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) on sustainable biofuel use in rural Mexico. This first phase has been devoted to (i) conducting an in-depth review of the status of fuelwood use in rural and peri-urban areas of Mexico, (ii) providing improved estimates of biomass energy use, (iii) assessing the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of fuelwood use, and (iv) identifying preliminary potential lines of action to improve the patterns of biomass energy use in Mexico; in particular, identifying those interventions that, by improving living conditions for rural inhabitants, can result in global benefits (such as the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions). A comprehensive review of the existing documentation of biofuel use in rural and peri-urban Mexico was conducted. Reports from official, academic, and non-governmental organizations were gathered and analyzed. A computerized rural energy database was created by re-processing a national rural energy survey. Because of the paucity of information about biofuel use in small rural industries, most of the analysis is devoted to the household sector.

Masera, O.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portfolio Standard Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Savings For Bioenergy...

476

Rural Development Advantage Program (Nebraska)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Rural Development Advantage Program provides qualified businesses with refundable tax incentives for projects that create two new jobs and invest $125,000 in counties with less than 15,000...

477

H A&S 222d/253e: Introduction to Energy and Environment (Life Under the Pale Sun) Problem Set 1: Out: Weds. 11 April 2006 Mechanical and thermal energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H A&S 222d/253e: Introduction to Energy and Environment (Life Under the Pale Sun) Spring 07 Problem Set 1: Out: Weds. 11 April 2006 Mechanical and thermal energy Back: Weds. 18 April 1. The total `marketable'energy use in the world is estimated as 4 x 1020 Joules/year. In class we converted this to watts

478

South Carolina | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Energy Tax Credit (Personal)(South Carolina) In 2007 South Carolina enacted the Energy Freedom and Rural Development Act http:www.scstatehouse.govsess1172007-2008...

479

Cosmological Coincidence and Dark Mass Problems in Einstein Universe and Friedman Dust Universe with Einstein's Lambda Quantum Cosmology Dark Energy Schroedinger Wave Motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, it is shown that the cosmological model that was introduced in a sequence of three earlier papers under the title, A Dust Universe Solution to the Dark Energy Problem can be used to analyse and solve the Cosmological Coincidence Problem. The generic coincidence problem that appears in the original Einstein universe model is shown to arise from a misunderstanding about the magnitude of dark energy density and the epoch time governing the appearance of the integer relation between dark energy and normal energy density. The solution to the generic case then clearly points to the source of the time coincidence integer problem in the Friedman dust universe model. It is then possible to eliminate this coincidence by removing a degeneracy between different measurement epoch times. In this paper's first appendix, a fundamental time dependent relation between dark mass and dark energy is derived with suggestions how this relation could explain cosmological voids and the clumping of dark mass to become visible matter. In this paper's second appendix, it is shown that that dark energy is a conserved with time substance that is everywhere and for all time permeable to the dark mass and visible mass of which the contracting or expanding universe is composed. The last two appendices involve detailed studies of cosmology, quantum dark energy related issues. There are more detailed abstracts given with all four appendices.

James G. Gilson

2007-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

480

Problems of antimatter after Big Bang, dark energy and dark matter. Solutions in the frame of non-local physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum solitons are discovered with the help of generalized quantum hydrodynamics. The solitons have the character of the stable quantum objects in the self consistent electric field. The delivered theory demonstrates the great possibilities of the generalized quantum hydrodynamics in investigation of the quantum solitons. The theory leads to solitons as typical formations in the generalized quantum hydrodynamics. The principle of universal antigravitation is considered from positions of the Newtonian theory of gravitation and non-local kinetic theory. It is found that explanation of Hubble effect in the Universe and peculiar features of the rotational speeds of galaxies need not in introduction of new essence like dark matter and dark energy. Problems of antimatter after Big Bang are considered from positions of non-local physics. The origin of difficulties consists in total Oversimplification following from principles of local physics and reflects the general shortenings of the local kinetic transport theory. Keywords: Foundations of the theory of transport processes; generalized Boltzmann physical kinetics; plasma - gravitational analogy; antigravitation; dark energy; dark matter; the theory of solitons; antimatter after Big Bang. PACS: 67.55.Fa, 67.55.Hc

Boris V. Alexeev

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

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481

ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Jump to: navigation, search Name ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI) Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Partner World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Grid Assessment and Integration Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/RES Program Start 2008 References ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification Initiative (RES-AEI)[1] "In early 2008, ESMAP launched the Lighting Africa initiative to provide up

482

Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

appliance, lighting, and heating and cooling usage in theseusage in rural households. Primary Energy Consumption (EJ) Appliance Cooking lighting

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas Woodruff Electric Cooperative (Woodruff) serves customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural electric cooperative, Woodruff is connected to its customers and engaged in economic development efforts to bring more jobs and higher incomes to local communities. In order to bring the capital investment and its accompanying economic benefits to the region without delay, Woodruff completed its project installation ahead of schedule. With a total budget of $5 million, funded partially with nearly $2.4 million in Recovery Act funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Woodruff was able to install 14,450 smart meters and supporting

484

Program Evaluation and Incentives for Administrators of Energy-Efficiency Programs: Can Evaluation Solve the Principal/Agent Problem?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

achievement of cost-effective energy efficiency” (CPUCproblem) “All cost-effective energy efficiency” is easierto separate the costs of energy-efficiency actions from

Blumstein, Carl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . . . . . .and Rural-Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . 1.

Meng, Lei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Tennessee | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Energy crops and agricultural residue,...

487

Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial communities. Through this process, the rugged “frontier” becomes a symbol of American identity, and rural communities become the home of “real” Americans. Because settler colonization is invested in maintaining systems of white supremacy, sexism, and heteropatriarchy, these “real” Americans are figured as normatively white and straight. This dissertation analyzes the rhetorical construction of rurality in the United States, specifically focusing on the ways in which settler colonial histories shape national discussions of rural sexuality. I theorize a rhetorical practice I call rural drag, a process by which individuals in settler society can assert membership in white heteropatriarchy by performing “rurality.” I trace the development of this rhetorical practice through three case studies. In the first, I analyze 19th-century Texan legislative writings during the creation of Texas A&M University. These writings and related correspondences reveal a baseline of white supremacist and settler colonial rhetorics upon which the university established its ethos. In the second, I look at how these rhetorics continue to inform performances of sexuality and gender at Texas A&M. These performances derive from earlier rhetorical practices designed to create a space for white settler privilege. Together, these two case studies suggest that rhetorical practices shape and are shaped by the spaces in which they are practiced and the rhetorical histories of these spaces. In my final case study, I interrogate national discourses of rurality through an analysis of country western music to show how rhetorics of rurality are simultaneously local and national. I conclude by challenging scholars of rhetoric and queer studies to recognize that the relationship between rhetoric and place is key to recognizing our relationship to privilege and oppression in the United States. To further this, I propose a decolonial queerscape pedagogy that accounts for the multiple overlays of sexual identities and practices that travel through the academy while challenging the colonial histories and actions upon which the academy is built.

Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Rural Job Tax Credit Program (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Rural Job Tax Credit Program is an incentive for businesses located within one of the 36-designated Qualified Rural Areas to create new jobs. The tax credit ranges from $1000 to $1500 per...

489

Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Energy directions for the United States: a Western perspective  

SciTech Connect

A 1981 survey of 9500 households in 11 states identifies public attitudes toward energy conservation. This report describes the development of the questionnaire and the procedures used in conducting the survey. The questions help to determine the level of support for energy conservation and the attitudinal and behavioral changes people are willing to make. Respondents ranked 11 alternative ways to meet energy needs. The results show that 70% think energy needs are a serious problem. There is a uniform response among urban and rural dwellers that conservation and increased energy production require equal attention. A breakdown of the survey results appears in 145 tables. 4 references. (DCK)

Makela, C.J.; Chatelain, L.B.; Dillman, D.A.; Dillman, J.J.; Tripple, P.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The Problem of Vacuum Energy and Cosmology (A lecture presented at the 4th Colloque Cosmologie, Paris, June, 1997; to be published in the Proceedings)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum field theory predicts that vacuum energy (or what is the same, cosmological constant) should be 50-100 orders of magnitude larger than the existing astronomical limit. A very brief review of possible solutions of this problem is presented. A mechanism of adjustment of vacuum energy down to (almost) zero by the back-reaction of massless vector or second rank tensor fields is discussed.

A. D. Dolgov

1997-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

492

Secrets of a Tribal Energy Auditor | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secrets of a Tribal Energy Auditor Secrets of a Tribal Energy Auditor Secrets of a Tribal Energy Auditor March 15, 2012 - 11:18am Addthis Fawn Metcalf is an energy auditor with the Sieltz Tribal Energy Program in Oregon. Follow her through crawl spaces and under houses as she helps modest-income families save money and stay healthy and dry. Teresa Waugh Public Affairs Specialist, Bonneville Power Administration "Our biggest problem is mold." Fawn Metcalf, Siletz Tribal Energy Program energy auditor On a tiny, rural reservation 10 miles east of Newport, Oregon, Fawn Metcalf gets to work. Adorned in pink overalls and polka-dotted work boots, Metcalf prepares to crawl under the home of a family in Siletz. Metcalf is focused on her goal of helping modest-income families save money and stay healthy and dry. "It's gratifying to know that you are making

493

Economic development: poverty solution for the rural South  

SciTech Connect

The 1970 census showed the South to have 41.3% of the US rural population and 44% of the poor with only 31% of the population. Economic development in the rural South has been limited by a lack of financial and physical capital and by a tradition of discriminatory and conservative institutional practices that restrict development. An experimental Federal program of low-interest loans recognized these problems in the Area Redevelopment Act (ARA) of 1961, later replaced by the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 and the Rural Development Act of 1972. Each of these assumed an infrastructure for job creation and failed to provide for human resource development. The search for an acceptable policy alternative to this approach may find an answer in community and development corporations (CDCs), which transcend political boundaries and allow local people to own and control the businesses they organize or attract, but which are bound by the local financial capability. The authors feel that, until policies recognize the need to have a national balance of urban and rural life, Federal intervention should be confined to a supportive role. 23 referen