Sample records for rural emc effective

  1. Disentangling the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piasetzky, E; Weinstein, L B

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep inelastic scattering cross section for scattering from bound nucleons differs from that of free nucleons.This phenomena, first discovered 30 years ago, is known as the EMC effect and is still not fully understood. Recent analysis of world data showed that the strength of the EMC effect is linearly correlated with the relative amount of Two-Nucleon Short Range Correlated pairs (2N-SRC) in nuclei. The latter are pairs of nucleons whose wave functions overlap, giving them large relative momentum and low center of mass momentum, where high and low is relative to the Fermi momentum of the nucleus. The observed correlation indicates that the EMC effect, like 2N-SRC pairs, is related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus. This paper reviews previous studies of the EMC-SRC correlation and studies its robustness. It also presents a planned experiment aimed at studying the origin of this EMC-SRC correlation.

  2. Disentangling the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Piasetzky; O. Hen; L. B. Weinstein

    2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep inelastic scattering cross section for scattering from bound nucleons differs from that of free nucleons.This phenomena, first discovered 30 years ago, is known as the EMC effect and is still not fully understood. Recent analysis of world data showed that the strength of the EMC effect is linearly correlated with the relative amount of Two-Nucleon Short Range Correlated pairs (2N-SRC) in nuclei. The latter are pairs of nucleons whose wave functions overlap, giving them large relative momentum and low center of mass momentum, where high and low is relative to the Fermi momentum of the nucleus. The observed correlation indicates that the EMC effect, like 2N-SRC pairs, is related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus. This paper reviews previous studies of the EMC-SRC correlation and studies its robustness. It also presents a planned experiment aimed at studying the origin of this EMC-SRC correlation.

  3. The polarized EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Bentz; I. C. Cloet; A. W. Thomas

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate both the spin independent and spin dependent nuclear structure functions in an effective quark theory. The nucleon is described as a composite quark-diquark state, and the nucleus is treated in the mean field approximation. We predict a sizable polarized EMC effect, which could be confirmed in future experiments.

  4. The polarized EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bentz, W. [Department of Physics, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Cloet, I. C. [Special Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter, University of Adelaide, SA 5005 (Australia); Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Thomas, A. W. [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

    2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate both the spin independent and spin dependent nuclear structure functions in an effective quark theory. The nucleon is described as a composite quark-diquark state, and the nucleus is treated in the mean field approximation. We predict a sizable polarized EMC effect, which could be confirmed in future experiments.

  5. EMC and polarized EMC effects in Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian Cloet; Wolfgang Bentz; Anthony Thomas

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine nuclear structure functions and quark distributions for {sup 7}Li, {sup 11}B, {sup 15}N and {sup 27}Al. For the nucleon bound state we solve the covariant quark-diquark equations in a confining Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model, which yields excellent results for the free nucleon structure functions. The nucleus is described using a relativistic shell model, including mean scalar and vector fields that couple to the quarks in the nucleon. The nuclear structure functions are then obtained as a convolution of the structure function of the bound nucleon with the light-cone nucleon distributions. We find that we are readily able to reproduce the EMC effect in finite nuclei and confirm earlier nuclear matter studies that found a large polarized EMC effect.

  6. EMC and Polarized EMC Effects in Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. C. Cloet; W. Bentz; A. W. Thomas

    2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine nuclear structure functions and quark distributions for $^7$Li, $^{11}$B, $^{15}$N and $^{27}$Al. For the nucleon bound state we solve the covariant quark-diquark equations in a confining Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model, which yields excellent results for the free nucleon structure functions. The nucleus is described using a relativistic shell model, including mean scalar and vector fields that couple to the quarks in the nucleon. The nuclear structure functions are then obtained as a convolution of the structure function of the bound nucleon with the light-cone nucleon distributions. We find that we are readily able to reproduce the EMC effect in finite nuclei and confirm earlier nuclear matter studies that found a large polarized EMC effect.

  7. Whitewater Valley Rural EMC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Universality of the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiunn-Wei Chen; William Detmold

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Using effective field theory, we investigate nuclear modification of nucleon parton distributions (for example, the EMC effect). We show that the universality of the shape distortion in nuclear parton distributions (the factorisation of the Bjorken x and atomic number (A) dependence) is model independent and emerges naturally in effective field theory. We then extend our analysis to study the analogous nuclear modifications in isospin and spin dependent parton distributions and generalised parton distributions.

  9. Nuclear force and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong Wang; Xurong Chen

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear correlation is shown quantitatively between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and the nuclear residual strong interaction energy (RSIE) obtained from nuclear binding energy subtracting the Coulomb energy contribution. This phenomenological relationship is used to extract the size of in-medium correction (IMC) effect on deuteron and to predict the EMC slopes $|dR_{EMC}/dx|$ of various nuclei. We further investigate the correlations between RSIE and other quantities which are related to the EMC effect. The observed correlations among RSIE, EMC slope and SRC ratio $R_{2N}N_{total}/N_{np(^3S_1)}$ imply that the local nuclear environment drives the modification of quark distributions.

  10. Polarized EMC Effect in Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian Cloet; A. W. Thomas; W. Bentz

    2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of the EMC effect and the proton spin crisis by the European Muon Collaboration are two of the standout experiments of the last 25 years. It is therefore surprising that there has been no experimental and little theoretical investigation of the spin structure functions of atomic nuclei. To address this we present results for the spin-dependent structure functions of nuclei. The quark degrees of freedom in nuclei are accessed via the convolution formalism. Where the nucleon bound state is obtained by solving the relativistic Faddeev equation, and a relativistic shell model is used to model the atomic nucleus. We find the important result that the medium modifications to the polarized structure functions are about twice that of the unpolarized case.

  11. Nuclear Scaling and the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. W. Higinbotham; J. Gomez; E. Piasetzky

    2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of recent EMC effect measurements and nuclear scaling measurements have both been attributed to local nuclear density effects and not properties of the bulk nuclear system. This lead us to the phenomenological observation that the ratio of the slopes in the 0.3 EMC data scale as the ratio of the x_B > 1 nuclear scaling plateaus. Using this correlation, we developed a phenomenological relation which reproduces the general trends and features of the EMC effect for nuclei from 3He to 56Fe.

  12. The EMC effect in effective field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Detmold, William [Department of Physics, Box 351560, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

    2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Using effective field theory, we investigate nuclear modification of nucleon parton distributions (for example, the EMC effect). We show that the universality of the shape distortion in nuclear parton distributions (the factorisation of the Bjorken x and atomic number (A) dependence) is model independent and emerges naturally in effective field theory. We present simple fits to experimental data that incorporate this factorisation.

  13. New Insights into the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Higinbotham

    2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-inelastic scattering cross section ratios plotted as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable, xB, show an unexpected structure indicating that partonic structure in nuclei is different than in free nucleons. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as the EMC effect. Recent Jefferson Lab experimental data showed that the slope of the EMC effect in the 0.3 < xB > 0.7 region scales as the local nuclear density rather than the average nuclear density. This result lead to the comparison of xB>1 short-range correlation plateaus, also a local density effect, to the magnitude of the EMC effect slopes and a clear linear relation was found. In this talk, I will discuss the EMC effect and the short-range correlation plateaus and what this phenomenological relationship between the two implies.

  14. Short range correlations and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Piasetzky, L.B. Weinstein, D.W. Higinbotham, J. Gomez, O. Hen, R. Shneor

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) is linearly related to the Short Range Correlation (SRC) scaling factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering. We speculate that the observed correlation is due to the fact that both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by high momentum nucleons in the nucleus. The observed phenomenological relationship can be used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn-pair cross sections, the DIS cross section for a free neutron, View the MathML source, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions, and the u/d ratio in a free proton.

  15. Quark model calculation of the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benesh, C.J.; Goldman, T.; Stephenson, G.J. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a potential model, we calculate quark distributions for a six-quark quasi-deuteron, including the effects of the Pauli Principle and quark tunneling between nuclei. Using a phenomenological sea distribution, the EMC ratio is calculated and found to be in qualitative agreement with experiment.

  16. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.B. Weinstein, E. Piasetzky, D.W. Higinbotham, J. Gomez, O. Hen, R. Shneor

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at intermediate xB, 0.35?xB?0.7, is linearly related to the short range correlation (SRC) scale factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at xB?1. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn pair cross sections and F2n/F2p, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  17. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. B. Weinstein; E. Piasetzky; D. W. Higinbotham; J. Gomez; O. Hen; R. Shneor

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) at intermediate $x_B$, $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$, is linearly related to the Short Range Correlation (SRC) scaling factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at $x_B\\ge 1.$. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free $pn$ pair cross sections, the DIS cross section for a free neutron, and $F_2^n/F_2^p$, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  18. Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinstein, L. B. [Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States); Piasetzky, E.; Hen, O.; Shneor, R. [Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Higinbotham, D. W.; Gomez, J. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

    2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter shows quantitatively that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at intermediate x{sub B}, 0.35{<=}x{sub B{<=}}0.7, is linearly related to the short range correlation (SRC) scale factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering at x{sub B{>=}}1. The observed phenomenological relationship is used to extract the ratio of the deuteron to the free pn pair cross sections and F{sub 2}{sup n}/F{sub 2}{sup p}, the ratio of the free neutron to free proton structure functions. We speculate that the observed correlation is because both the EMC effect and SRC are dominated by the high virtuality (high momentum) nucleons in the nucleus.

  19. Probing flavor-dependent EMC effect with W boson production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen-Chen Chang; Ian Cloet; Dipangkar Dutta; Jen-Chieh Peng

    2013-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent theoretical model predicts that the modification of quark distributions in the nuclear medium (EMC effect) depends on the flavor of the quarks. We investigate $W$-boson production in proton-nucleus collision as a possible tool to test this theoretical prediction. Several experimental observables in $W$ production sensitive to the flavor-dependent EMC effect are identified. Calculations for these experimental observables at the RHIC and LHC energies are presented using the recent flavor-dependent EMC model.

  20. Probing flavor-dependent EMC effect with W boson production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Wen-Chen; Dutta, Dipangkar; Peng, Jen-Chieh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent theoretical model predicts that the modification of quark distributions in the nuclear medium (EMC effect) depends on the flavor of the quarks. We investigate $W$-boson production in proton-nucleus collision as a possible tool to test this theoretical prediction. Several experimental observables in $W$ production sensitive to the flavor-dependent EMC effect are identified. Calculations for these experimental observables at the RHIC and LHC energies are presented using the recent flavor-dependent EMC model.

  1. Relativistic nature of the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Molochkov

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep inelastic scattering of leptons off nuclei is considered within the the Bethe-Salpeter formalism. It is shown that nuclear short-range structure can be expressed in terms of the nucleon structure functions and four-dimensional Fermi motion of the nucleons. The four-dimensional Fermi motion broadens the bound nucleon localization area, what lead to the observation of the nucleon structure change in nuclei -- EMC effect. The $\\rm ^4He$ to deuteron structure functions ratio is found in good agreement with experimental data. It is shown that the pattern of the ratio is defined by dynamical properties of the nucleon structure.

  2. The EMC Effect and High Momentum Nucleons in Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Hen; D. W. Higinbotham; G. A. Miller; E. Piasetzky; L. B. Weinstein

    2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in understanding the influence of the nucleus on deep-inelastic structure functions, the EMC effect, are reviewed. A new data base which expresses ratios of structure functions in terms of the Bjorken variable $x_A=AQ^2/(2M_A q_0)$ is presented. Information about two-nucleon short-range correlations from experiments is also discussed and the remarkable linear relation between short-range correlations and teh EMC effect is reviewed. A convolution model that relates the underlying source of the EMC effect to modification of either the mean-field nucleons or the short-range correlated nucleons is presented. It is shown that both approaches are equally successful in describing the current EMC data.

  3. Nuclear binding, correlations and the origin of EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar Benhar; Ingo SIck

    2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data for the slope of the EMC-ratio in the intermediate $x$-region for {\\em light} nuclei, with $3 \\leq A \\leq 12$, have the potential to shed new light on the origin of the EMC effect. Here we study the role of nuclear binding using the scaling variable ${\\tilde y}$, best suited to take into account this effect, and the understanding of the average nucleon removal energies, $\\bar{E}$, provided by state-of-the-art calculations based on nuclear many body theory. We find an excellent correlation between the new EMC data at $x \\sim 0.5$ and $\\bar{E}$ for nuclei with $A$ from 3 to $\\infty$, indicating that in this $x$ region binding is an important ingredient to explain the EMC effect. The role played by nucleon-nucleon correlations in this context is also discussed.

  4. The EMC Effect and High Momentum Nucleons in Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hen, O; Miller, G A; Piasetzky, E; Weinstein, L B

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in understanding the influence of the nucleus on deep-inelastic structure functions, the EMC effect, are reviewed. A new data base which expresses ratios of structure functions in terms of the Bjorken variable $x_A=AQ^2/(2M_A q_0)$ is presented. Information about two-nucleon short-range correlations from experiments is also discussed and the remarkable linear relation between short-range correlations and teh EMC effect is reviewed. A convolution model that relates the underlying source of the EMC effect to modification of either the mean-field nucleons or the short-range correlated nucleons is presented. It is shown that both approaches are equally successful in describing the current EMC data.

  5. Nuclear binding, correlations and the origin of EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benhar, Omar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data for the slope of the EMC-ratio in the intermediate $x$-region for {\\em light} nuclei, with $3 \\leq A \\leq 12$, have the potential to shed new light on the origin of the EMC effect. Here we study the role of nuclear binding using the scaling variable ${\\tilde y}$, best suited to take into account this effect, and the understanding of the average nucleon removal energies, $\\bar{E}$, provided by state-of-the-art calculations based on nuclear many body theory. We find an excellent correlation between the new EMC data at $x \\sim 0.5$ and $\\bar{E}$ for nuclei with $A$ from 3 to $\\infty$, indicating that in this $x$ region binding is an important ingredient to explain the EMC effect. The role played by nucleon-nucleon correlations in this context is also discussed.

  6. The EMC Effect and High Momentum Nucleons in Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hen, Or; Higinbotham, Douglas; Miller, Gerald A.; Piasetzky, Eliazer; Weinstein, Lawrence

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments in understanding the influence of the nucleus on deep-inelastic structure functions, the EMC effect, are reviewed. A new data base which expresses ratios of structure functions in terms of the Bjorken variable x{sub A}=AQ{sup 2}/(2M{sub A}q{sub 0}) is presented. Information about two-nucleon short-range correlations from experiments is also discussed and the remarkable linear relation between short-range correlations and the EMC effect is reviewed. A convolution model that relates the underlying source of the EMC effect to modification of either the mean-field nucleons or the short-range correlated nucleons is presented. It is shown that both approaches are equally successful in describing the current EMC data.

  7. In Medium Nucleon Structure Functions, SRC, and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Hen; L. B. Weinstein; S. Gilad; S. A. Wood

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposal approved by the Jefferson Lab PAC to study semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (DIS) off the deuteron, tagged with high momentum recoiling protons or neutrons emitted at large angle relative to the momentum transfer. This experiment aims at studying the virtuality dependence of the bound nucleon structure function as a possible cause to the EMC effect and the EMC-SRC correlations. The experiment was approved in 2011 for a total run time of 40 days.

  8. The EMC Effect and Short-Range Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misak M Sargsian

    2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We overview the progress made in studies of EMC and short range correlation (SRC) effects with the special emphasis given to the recent observation of the correlation between the slope of the EMC ratio at Bjorken x1 that measures the strength of the SRCs in nuclei. This correlation may indicate the larger modification of nucleons with higher momentum thus making the nucleon virtuality as the most relevant parameter of medium modifications. To check this conjecture we study the implication of several properties of high momentum component of the nuclear wave function on the characteristics of EMC effect. We observe two main reasons for the EMC-SRC correlation: first, the decrease of the contribution from the nuclear mean field due to the increase, with A, the fraction of the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Second, the increase of the medium modification of nucleons in SRC. Our main prediction however is the increase of the proton contribution to the EMC effect for large A asymmetric nuclei. This prediction is based on the recent observation of the strong dominance of pn SRCs in the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Our preliminary calculation based on this prediction of the excess of energetic and modified protons in large A nuclei describes reasonably well the main features of the observed EMC-SRC correlation.

  9. Nuclear EMC Effect in a Statistical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunhua Zhang; Lijing Shao; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple statistical model in terms of light-front kinematic variables is used to explain the nuclear EMC effect in the range $x \\in [0.2,~0.7]$, which was constructed by us previously to calculate the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon. Here, we treat the temperature $T$ as a parameter of the atomic number $A$, and get reasonable results in agreement with the experimental data. Our results show that the larger $A$, the lower $T$ thus the bigger volume $V$, and these features are consistent with other models. Moreover, we give the predictions of the quark distribution ratios, \\emph{i.e.}, $q^A(x) / q^D(x)$, $\\bar{q}^A(x) / \\bar{q}^D(x)$, and $s^A(x) / s^D(x)$, and also the gluon ratio $g^A(x) / g^D(x)$ for iron as an example. The predictions are different from those by other models, thus experiments aiming at measuring the parton ratios of antiquarks, strange quarks, and gluons can provide a discrimination of different models.

  10. New measurements of the EMC effect in light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Daniel

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modifications of structure functions in nuclei (EMC effect) suggest that the nuclear quark distribution function is not just the incoherent sum of the proton and neutron distributions, and made clear the importance of nuclear effects even in high energy measurements. Jefferson Lab experiment E03-103 made precise measurements of the EMC effect in few-body and heavy nuclei with emphasis on the large x region. Data from the light nuclei suggests that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the nucleon's local environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect.

  11. New measurements of the EMC effect in light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens OH 45701 (United States)

    2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Modifications of structure functions in nuclei (EMC effect) suggest that the nuclear quark distribution function is not just the incoherent sum of the proton and neutron distributions, and made clear the importance of nuclear effects even in high energy measurements. Jefferson Lab experiment E03-103 made precise measurements of the EMC effect in few-body and heavy nuclei with emphasis on the large x region. Data from the light nuclei suggests that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the nucleon's local environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect.

  12. DVCS-Dissociation of the Deuteron and the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silas R. Beane; Martin J. Savage

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The break-up of the deuteron during deeply-virtual Compton scattering, {gamma}*d {yields} {gamma}{sup (*)}np, is explored. In the effective field theory describing nucleon dynamics at momenta below the pion mass, the EMC effect results from four-nucleon interactions with the twist-2 operators, appropriate for describing forward, and near-forward, matrix elements in the two-nucleon system. We point out that the break-up of the deuteron to low-energy final states during deeply-virtual Compton scattering is a process with which to explore strong-interaction physics closely related to that responsible for the EMC effect. The single-nucleon contribution to the break-up depends on the moments of the spin-dependent structure functions and contributions from local four-nucleon operators. Experimental deviations from the single-nucleon prediction would provide a probe of strong interactions complimentary to the EMC effect.

  13. The EMC Effect and Short-Range Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargsian, Misak M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We overview the progress made in studies of EMC and short range correlation (SRC) effects with the special emphasis given to the recent observation of the correlation between the slope of the EMC ratio at Bjorken x1 that measures the strength of the SRCs in nuclei. This correlation may indicate the larger modification of nucleons with higher momentum thus making the nucleon virtuality as the most relevant parameter of medium modifications. To check this conjecture we study the implication of several properties of high momentum component of the nuclear wave function on the characteristics of EMC effect. We observe two main reasons for the EMC-SRC correlation: first, the decrease of the contribution from the nuclear mean field due to the increase, with A, the fraction of the high momentum component of nuclear wave function. Second, the increase of the medium modification of nucleons in SRC. Our main prediction however is the increase of the proton contribution to the EMC effect for large A asymmetric nuclei. Th...

  14. New hints to the cause of the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Higinbotham

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-inelastic scattering cross section ratios plotted as a function of Bjorken x show that quark structure in nuclei is different than in free nucleons. Recent EMC type data from Jefferson Lab's Hall C show that the slope in the 0.3 < x < 0.7 region scales as the local nuclear density and not the average nuclear density. This result led to the comparison between x > 1 short-range correlation plateaus and the magnitude of the EMC effect slope. A clear linear relation between the two effects has now been shown. In this paper, the EMC effect, the short-range correlation plateaus and a possible reason for a relationship between the two is discussed.

  15. New measurements of the EMC effect in very light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seely, J; Gaskell, D; Arrington, J; Fomin, N; Solvignon, P; Asaturyan, R; Benmokhtar, F; Boeglin, W; Boillat, B; Bosted, P; Brüll, A; Bukhari, M H S; Christy, M E; Clasie, B; Connell, S; Dalton, M; Day, D; Dunne, J; Dutta, D; Fassi, L El; Ent, R; Fenker, H; Filippone, B W; Gao, H; Hill, C; Holt, R J; Horn, T; Hungerford, E; Jones, M K; Jourdan, J; Kalantarians, N; Keppel, C E; Kiselev, D; Kotulla, M; Lee, C; Lung, A F; Malace, S; Meekins, D G; Mertens, T; Mkrtchyan, H; Navasardyan, T; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Nomura, H; Okayasu, Y; Opper, A K; Perdrisat, C; Potterveld, D H; Punjabi, V; Qian, X; Reimer, P E; Roche, J; Rodriguez, V M; Rondon, O; Schulte, E; Segbefia, E; Slifer, K; Smith, G R; Tadevosyan, V; Tajima, S; Tang, L; Testa, G; Trojer, R; Tvaskis, V; Villano, A; Vulcan, W F; Wesselmann, F R; Wood, S A; Wright, J; Yuan, L; Zheng, X

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear dependence of the inclusive cross section from 2H, 3He, 4He, 9Be and 12C for 0.3EMC effect for 3He at large x and a significant improvement for 4He. The data do not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear environment.

  16. New measurements of the EMC effect in very light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Seely; A. Daniel; D. Gaskell; J. Arrington; N. Fomin; P. Solvignon; R. Asaturyan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Boeglin; B. Boillat; P. Bosted; A. Bruell; M. H. S. Bukhari; M. E. Christy; B. Clasie; S. Connell; M. Dalton; D. Day; J. Dunne; D. Dutta; L. El Fassi; R. Ent; H. Fenker; B. W. Filippone; H. Gao; C. Hill; R. J. Holt; T. Horn; E. Hungerford; M. K. Jones; J. Jourdan; N. Kalantarians; C. E. Keppel; D. Kiselev; M. Kotulla; C. Lee; A. F. Lung; S. Malace; D. G. Meekins; T. Mertens; H. Mkrtchyan; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; H. Nomura; Y. Okayasu; A. K. Opper; C. Perdrisat; D. H. Potterveld; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; P. E. Reimer; J. Roche; V. M. Rodriguez; O. Rondon; E. Schulte; E. Segbefia; K. Slifer; G. R. Smith; V. Tadevosyan; S. Tajima; L. Tang; G. Testa; R. Trojer; V. Tvaskis; W. F. Vulcan; F. R. Wesselmann; S. A. Wood; J. Wright; L. Yuan; X. Zheng

    2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear dependence of the inclusive cross section from 2H, 3He, 4He, 9Be and 12C for 0.3EMC effect for 3He at large x and a significant improvement for 4He. The data do not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear environment.

  17. New measurements of the EMC effect in very light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seely, J; Gaskell, D; Arrington, J; Fomin, N; Solvignon, P; Asaturyan, R; Benmokhtar, F; Boeglin, W; Boillat, B; Bosted, P; Bruell, A; Bukhari, M.H.S.; Christy, M E; Clasie, B; Connell, S; Dalton, M; Day, D; Dunne, J; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Ent, R; Fenker, H; Filippone, B W; Gao, H; Hill, C; Holt, R J; Horn, T; Hungerford, E; Jones, M K; Jourdan, J; Kalantarians, N; Keppel, C E; Kiselev, D; Kotulla, K; Lee, C; Lung, A F; Malace, S; Meekins, D G; Mertens, T; Mkrtchyan, H; Navasardyan, T; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Nomura, H; Okayasu, Y; Opper, A K; Perdrisat, C; Potterveld, D H; Punjabi, V; Qian, X; Reimer, P E; Roche, J; Rodriguez, V M; Rondon, O; Schulte, E; Segbefia, E; Slifer, K; Smith, G R; Tadevosyan, V; Tajima, S; Tang, L; Testa, G; Trojer, R; Tvaskis, V

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear dependence of the inclusive cross section from 2H, 3He, 4He, 9Be and 12C for 0.3EMC effect for 3He at large x and a significant improvement for 4He. The data do not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear environment.

  18. Photon parton distributions in nuclei and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frankfurt, L. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Strikman, M. [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Photons, as well as quarks and gluons, are constituents of the infinite momentum frame (IMF) wave function of an energetic particle. They are mostly equivalent photons whose amplitude follows from the Lorentz transformation of the particle rest frame Coulomb field into the IMF and from the conservation of the electromagnetic current. We evaluate in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution {proportional_to}{alpha}{sub em}(Z{sup 2}/A{sup 4/3})ln(1/R{sub A}m{sub N}x) to the nuclear structure functions as well as the term {proportional_to}{alpha}{sub em}Z/A. In addition we show that the definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) works in the same direction as the nucleus field of equivalent photons. Combined, these effects account for the bulk of the hadronic European Muon Collaboration (EMC) effect for x{<=}0.5 where Fermi motion effects are small. In particular, for these x the hadronic mechanism contribution to the EMC effect does not exceed {approx}3% for all nuclei. Also, the A dependence of the hadronic mechanism of the EMC effect for x>0.5 is significantly modified.

  19. Photon parton distributions in nuclei and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonid Frankfurt, Mark Strikman

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photons as well as quarks and gluons are constituents of the infinite momentum frame (IMF) wave function of an energetic particle. They are mostly equivalent photons whose amplitude follows from the Lorentz transformation of the particle rest frame Coulomb field into the IMF and from the conservation of the electromagnetic current. We evaluate in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution \\propto \\alpha_{em}(Z^2/A^{4/3})\\ln(1/R_{A}m_{N}x) to the nuclear structure functions as well as the term \\propto \\alpha_{em}Z/A. In addition we show that the definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) works in the same direction as the nucleus field of equivalent photons. Combined, these effects account for the bulk of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.5 where Fermi motion effects are small. In particular for these x the hadronic mechanism contribution to the EMC effect does not exceed \\sim 3% for all nuclei. Also the A-dependence of the hadronic mechanism of the EMC effect for x > 0.5 is significantly modified.

  20. Photon parton distributions in nuclei and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonid Frankfurt; Mark Strikman

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Photons as well as quarks and gluons are constituents of the infinite momentum frame (IMF) wave function of an energetic particle. They are mostly equivalent photons whose amplitude follows from the Lorentz transformation of the particle rest frame Coulomb field into the IMF and from the conservation of the electromagnetic current. We evaluate in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution \\propto \\alpha_{em}(Z^2/A^{4/3})\\ln(1/R_{A}m_{N}x) to the nuclear structure functions as well as the term \\propto \\alpha_{em}Z/A. In addition we show that the definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) works in the same direction as the nucleus field of equivalent photons. Combined, these effects account for the bulk of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.5 where Fermi motion effects are small. In particular for these x the hadronic mechanism contribution to the EMC effect does not exceed \\sim 3% for all nuclei. Also the A-dependence of the hadronic mechanism of the EMC effect for x > 0.5 is significantly modified.

  1. Low-Q scaling, duality, and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Arrington; R. Ent; C. E. Keppel; J. Mammei; I. Niculescu

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Data on the proton and deuteron have shown that there is a fundamental connection between the low and high energy regimes, referred to as quark-hadron duality. We present the results of similar studies to more carefully examine scaling, duality, and in particular the EMC effect in nuclei. We extract nuclear modifications to the structure function in the resonance region, and for the first time demonstrate that nuclear effects in the resonance region are identical to those measured in deep inelastic scattering.

  2. The EMC effect: local nuclear dynamics or quark-gluon dynamics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canal, Carlos A García; Vento, Vicente

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been recently confirmed that the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering is linearly related to the Short Range Correlation scaling factor obtained from electron inclusive scattering. By using an effective nucleon mass approach we are able to understand the interplay between the quark-gluon and hadronic degrees of freedom in the discussion of the EMC effect.

  3. Quark-hadron duality and the nuclear EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. Melnitchouk; K. Tsushima; A.W. Thomas

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data on polarized proton knockout reactions off He-4 nuclei suggest a small but nonzero modification of proton electromagnetic form factors in medium. Using model independent relations derived on the basis of quark-hadron duality, we relate the medium modification of the form factors to the modification at large x of the deep-inelastic structure function of a bound proton. This places strong constraints on models of the nuclear EMC effect which assume a large deformation of the intrinsic structure of the nucleon in medium.

  4. Nuclear EMC effect in non-extensive statistical model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevisan, Luis A. [Departamento de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, 84010-790, Ponta Grossa, PR (Brazil); Mirez, Carlos [ICET, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri - UFVJM, Campus do Mucuri, Rua do Cruzeiro 01, Jardim Sao Paulo, 39803-371, Teofilo Otoni, MG (Brazil)

    2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work, we attempt to describe the nuclear EMC effect by using the proton structure functions obtained from the non-extensive statistical quark model. We record that such model has three fundamental variables, the temperature T, the radius, and the Tsallis parameter q. By combining different small changes, a good agreement with the experimental data may be obtained. Another interesting point of the model is to allow phenomenological interpretation, for instance, with q constant and changing the radius and the temperature or changing the radius and q and keeping the temperature.

  5. EMC effect, short-range nuclear correlations, neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Strikman

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent x>1 (e,e') and correlation experiments at momentum transfer Q^2 \\ge 2 GeV^2 confirm presence of short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei mostly build of nucleons. Recently we evaluated in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution to the nuclear structure. Taking into account this effect and using definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) results in the significant reduction of R_A(x,Q^2)=F_{2A}(x,Q^2)/F_{2N}(x,Q^2) ratio which explains \\sim 50% of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.55 where Fermi motion effects are small. The remaining part of the EMC effect at $x\\ge 0.5$ is consistent with dominance of the contribution of SRCs. Implications for extraction of the F_{2n}/F_{2p} ratio are discussed. Smallness of the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei matches well the recent observation of a two-solar mass neutron star, and while large pn SRCs lead to enhancement of the neutron star cooling rate for kT\\le 0.01 MeV.

  6. EMC effect, short-range nuclear correlations, neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strikman, Mark

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent x> 1 (e,e') and correlation experiments at momentum transfer Q^2 \\ge 2 GeV^2 confirm presence of short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei mostly build of nucleons. Recently we evaluated in a model independent way the dominant photon contribution to the nuclear structure. Taking into account this effect as using definition of x consistent with the exact kinematics of eA scattering (with exact sum rules) results in the significant reduction of R_A(x,Q^2)=F_{2A}(x,Q^2)/F_{2N}(x,Q^2) ratio which explains the bulk of the EMC effect for x\\le 0.55 where Fermi motion effects are small. The remaining part of the EMC effect at x\\ge 0.5 is consistent with dominance of the contribution of SRCs. Implications for extraction of the $F_{2n}/F_{2p}$ ratio are discussed. Dominance of the nucleonic degrees of freedom even for high local densities is consistent with the observation of neutron star of a double Solar mass. Smallness of the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei matches well the recent observation of...

  7. EMC effect for light nuclei: new results from Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens OH 45701 (United States)

    2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Measurements of deep inelastic scattering in nuclei show that the quark distributions in heavy nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent proton and neutron, as one might expect for a weakly bound system. This modification of the quark distributions in nuclei is known as the EMC effect. I will discuss the results from Jefferson Lab (JLab) experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei with emphasis on the large x region. Data from the light nuclei suggests that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the nucleon's local environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. In addition, I will also discuss about a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure to the modification of quark distributions.

  8. EMC effect for light nuclei: New results from Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aji Daniel

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Measurements of deep inelastic scattering in nuclei show that the quark distributions in heavy nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent proton and neutron, as one might expect for a weakly bound system. This modification of the quark distributions in nuclei is known as the EMC effect. I will discuss the results from Jefferson Lab (JLab) experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei with emphasis on the large x region. Data from the light nuclei suggests that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the nucleon's local environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. In addition, I will also discuss about a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure to the modification of quark distributions.

  9. The EMC Effect in Spin Structure Functions A 12 GeV letter of intent to Jefferson Lab PAC 35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    The EMC Effect in Spin Structure Functions A 12 GeV letter of intent to Jefferson Lab PAC 35-dependent EMC effect uti- lizing CLAS12 in Hall B. We will polarize 7 Li, in which a highly polarized proton|7Li 1 in a range of 2 EMC effect emphasizes

  10. QCD and QED dynamics in the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankfurt, Leonid

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying exact QCD sum rules for the baryon charge and energy momentum conservation we demonstrate that if the only degrees of freedom in nuclei were nucleons, nuclear pdfs would be the additive sum of the nucleon pdfs at the same Bjorken x=AQ^2/2(p_A q) 0.1. Hence QCD implies that the proper quantity to reveal violation of the additivity due to presence of nonnucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei is the ratio R_A(x,Q)=(2/A)F_{2A}(x,Q)/F_{2D}(x,Q). Use of variable x_p=Q^2/2q_0m_p in the experimental studies instead of x leads to the deviation of R_A(x_p,Q) from one even if the nucleus would consist only of nucleons with small momenta.Implementation of QCD dynamics and contribution of equivalent photons accounts for at least a half of the deviation of R_A(x_p,Q) from one for x0.6 posing a serious challenge for most of the proposed models of the EMC effect. The data are consistent with a scenario in which the hadronic EMC effect reflects suppression of rare quark-gluon configurations in nucleons belonging to S...

  11. Applications of a nonlinear evolution equation II: the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xurong; Wang, Rong; Zhang, Pengming; Zhu, Wei

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The EMC effect is studied by using the GLR-MQ-ZSR equation with minimum number of free parameters, where the nuclear shadowing effect is a dynamical evolution result of the equation, and nucleon swelling and Fermi motion in the nuclear environment deform the input parton distributions. Parton distributions of both proton and nucleus are predicted in a unified framework. We show that the parton recombination as a higher twist correction plays an essential role in the evolution of parton distributions either of proton or nucleus. We find that the nuclear antishadowing contributes a part of enhancement of the ratio of the structure functions around $x\\sim 0.1$, while the other part origins from the deformation of the nuclear valence quark distributions. We point out that the nuclear shadowing and antishadowing effects in the gluon distribution are not stronger than that in the quark distributions.

  12. Applications of a nonlinear evolution equation II: the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xurong Chen; Jianhong Ruan; Rong Wang; Pengming Zhang; Wei Zhu

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The EMC effect is studied by using the GLR-MQ-ZSR equation with minimum number of free parameters, where the nuclear shadowing effect is a dynamical evolution result of the equation, and nucleon swelling and Fermi motion in the nuclear environment deform the input parton distributions. Parton distributions of both proton and nucleus are predicted in a unified framework. We show that the parton recombination as a higher twist correction plays an essential role in the evolution of parton distributions either of proton or nucleus. We find that the nuclear antishadowing contributes a part of enhancement of the ratio of the structure functions around $x\\sim 0.1$, while the other part origins from the deformation of the nuclear valence quark distributions. We point out that the nuclear shadowing and antishadowing effects in the gluon distribution are not stronger than that in the quark distributions.

  13. Low-Q scaling, duality, and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Arrington; R. Ent; C. E. Keppel; J. Mammei; I. Niculescu

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Data on the proton and deuteron have shown that there is a fundamental connection between the low and high energy regimes, referred to as quark-hadron duality. We present the results of similar studies to more carefully examine scaling, duality, and in particular the EMC effect in nuclei. We extract nuclear modifications to the structure function in the resonance region, and for the first time demonstrate that nuclear effects in the resonance region are identical to those measured in deep inelastic scattering. With the improved precision of the data at large $x$, we for the first time observe that the large-x crossover point appears to occur at lower $x$ values in carbon than in iron or gold.

  14. Low-Q scaling, duality, and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arrington, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Ent, R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Keppel, C.E. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia 23668 (United States); Mammei, J. [Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania 16652 (United States); Niculescu, I. [James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807 (United States)

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Data on the proton and deuteron have shown that there is a fundamental connection between the low and high energy regimes, referred to as quark-hadron duality. We present the results of similar studies to more carefully examine scaling, duality, and in particular the EMC effect in nuclei. We extract nuclear modifications to the structure function in the resonance region, and for the first time demonstrate that nuclear effects in the resonance region are identical to those measured in deep inelastic scattering. With the improved precision of the data at large x, we for the first time observe that the large-x crossover point appears to occur at lower x values in carbon than in iron or gold.

  15. The EMC effect in the few-body bound states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molochkov, A. [Far Eastern National University, 690950 Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep inelastic scattering of leptons off nuclei is studied within the the Bethe-Salpeter formalism. It is shown that nuclear short-range structure can be expressed in terms of the nucleon structure functions and four-dimensional Fermi motion of the nucleons. The four-dimensional Fermi motion broadens the bound nucleon localization area, what leads to the observation of the nucleon structure change in nuclei--EMC effect. The {sup 4}He to deuteron structure functions ratio is found in good agreement with experimental data. It is shown that the pattern of the ratio is defined by dynamical properties of the nucleon structure and four-dimensional geometry of the bound state.

  16. New measurements of the EMC Effect in Light Nuclei and at Large x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaskell, David

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the modification of structure functions in nuclei (the EMC Effect) has been the focus of intense experimental and theoretical study since the original discovery in 1983, the experimental emphasis has been on heavy or mediumheavy nuclei. The theoretical interpretation of the EMC Effect is far from clear; it remains difficult to disentangle the "conventional" nuclear physics effects of binding and Fermi motion from more exotic effects. The study of the EMC Effect in light nuclei, where the detailed nuclear structure is well understood, and at large x, where effects from Fermi motion dominate, will add new insight into the underlying mechanism at work. Experiment E03103 at Jefferson Lab measured electron scattering cross sections from nuclei (A=3 to 197) and the deuteron to provide new data on the EMC Effect. These measurements will greatly improve the precision of the existing data set on 4He, provide the first measurement of the EMC Effect in 3He for x>0.5, a

  17. New Measurements of the EMC Effect in Few-Body Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Arrington; for the JLab E03-103 collaboration

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the EMC effect show that the quark distributions in nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent nucleons. However, interpretation of the EMC effect is limited by the lack of a reliable baseline calculation of the effects of Fermi motion and nucleon binding. We present preliminary results from JLab experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body and heavy nuclei. These data emphasize the large-x region, where binding and Fermi motion effects dominate, and thus will provide much better constraints on the effects of binding. These data will also allow for comparisons to calculations for few-body nuclei, where the uncertainty in the nuclear structure is minimized.

  18. New Measurements of the EMC Effect in Few-Body Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Arrington, for the JLab E03-103 collaboration

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the EMC effect show that the quark distributions in nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent nucleons. However, interpretation of the EMC effect is limited by the lack of a reliable baseline calculation of the effects of Fermi motion and nucleon binding. We present preliminary results from JLab experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body and heavy nuclei. These data emphasize the large-x region, where binding and Fermi motion effects dominate, and thus will provide much better constraints on the effects of binding. These data will also allow for comparisons to calculations for few-body nuclei, where the uncertainty in the nuclear structure is minimized.

  19. New measurements of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arrington, J.; Physics

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the EMC effect show that the quark distributions in nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent nucleons. However, interpretation of the EMC effect is limited by the lack of a reliable baseline calculation of the effects of Fermi motion and nuclean binding. We present preliminary results from JLab experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body and heavy nuclei. These data emphasize the large-xregion, where binding and Fermi motion effects dominate, and thus will provide much better constraints an the effects of binding. These data will also allow for comparisons to calculations far few-body nuclei, where the uncertainty in the nuclear structure is minimized.

  20. New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hen, O; Weinstein, L B

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. The inclusion of new nuclei shows that while neither the EMC effect nor the SRC scaling ...

  1. New data strengthen the connection between Short Range Correlations and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Hen; E. Piasetzky; L. B. Weinstein

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently published measurements of the two nucleon short range correlation ($NN$-SRC) scaling factors, $a_2(A/d)$, strengthen the previously observed correlation between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering at $0.35\\le x_B\\le 0.7$ and the SRC scaling factor measured at $x_B \\ge 1$. The new results have improved precision and include previously unmeasured nuclei. The measurements of $a_2(A/d)$ for $^9$Be and $^{197}$Au agree with published predictions based on the EMC-SRC correlation. This paper examines the effects of the new data and of different corrections to the data on the slope and quality of the EMC-SRC correlation, the size of the extracted deuteron IMC effect, and the free neutron structure function. The results show that the linear EMC-SRC correlation is robust and that the slope of the correlation is insensitive to most combinations of corrections examined in this work. This strengthens the interpretation that both $NN$-SRC and the EMC effect are related to high momentum nucleons in the nucleus.

  2. Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes and the flavor-dependent EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Dutta; J. -C. Peng; I. C. Cloet; D. Gaskell

    2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes are proposed as a potential tool to measure the flavor dependence of the EMC effect, that is, the flavor-dependent modification of quark distributions in the nuclear medium. Existing pionic Drell-Yan data are compared with calculations using a recent model for nuclear quark distributions that incorporates flavor-dependent nuclear effects. While no firm conclusions can yet be drawn, we demonstrate that existing Drell-Yan data seem to imply a flavor dependence of the EMC effect. We highlight how pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments on nuclear targets can access important new aspects of the EMC effect, not probed in deep inelastic scattering, and will therefore provide very stringent constrains for models of nuclear quark distributions. Predictions for possible future pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments are also presented.

  3. Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes and the flavor-dependent EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Dutta, J.-C. Peng, I. C. Cloet, D. Gaskell

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes are proposed as a potential tool to measure the flavor dependence of the EMC effect, that is, the flavor-dependent modification of quark distributions in the nuclear medium. Existing pionic Drell-Yan data are compared with calculations using a recent model for nuclear quark distributions that incorporates flavor-dependent nuclear effects. While no firm conclusions can yet be drawn, we demonstrate that existing Drell-Yan data seem to imply a flavor dependence of the EMC effect. We highlight how pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments on nuclear targets can access important new aspects of the EMC effect, not probed in deep inelastic scattering, and will therefore provide very stringent constrains for models of nuclear quark distributions. Predictions for possible future pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments are also presented.

  4. Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes and the flavor-dependent EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutta, D. [Department of Physics, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762 (United States); Peng, J. C. [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Cloeet, I. C. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Gaskell, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23608 (United States)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Pion-induced Drell-Yan processes are proposed as a promising tool with which to measure the flavor dependence of the European Muon Collaboration (EMC) effect, that is, the flavor-dependent modification of quark distributions in the nuclear medium. Existing pionic Drell-Yan data are compared with calculations using a recent model for nuclear quark distributions that incorporates flavor-dependent nuclear effects. While no firm conclusions can yet be drawn, we find that existing Drell-Yan data likely imply a flavor dependence of the EMC effect. We demonstrate that pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments on nuclear targets can access new aspects of the EMC effect not probed in deep inelastic scattering and can therefore provide important new constrains on the nuclear quark distributions. Predictions for possible future pion-induced Drell-Yan experiments are also presented.

  5. Connections among residual strong interaction, the EMC effect and short range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong Wang; Xurong Chen

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A linear correlation is shown quantitatively between the magnitude of the EMC effect measured in electron deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and the nuclear residual strong interaction energy (RSIE) obtained from the nuclear binding energy subtracting the Coulomb energy part. The observed correlation supports the recent speculation that the nuclear dependence of quark distributions depend on the local nuclear density. This phenomenological relationship can be used to extract the size of in-medium correction (IMC) effect on deuteron. Most importantly, the EMC slopes $dR_{EMC}/dx$ of nuclei can be predicted with the nuclear binding energy data. The relationship between nucleon-nucleon (N-N) short range correlation (SRC) and RSIE is also presented.

  6. A detailed study of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and short-range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrington, John; Day, Donal; Fomin, Nadia; Gaskell, Dave; Solvignon, Patricia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: The density of the nucleus has been important in explaining the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions, also known as the EMC effect, as well as the presence of highmomentum nucleons arising from short-range correlations (SRCs). Recent measurements of both of these effects on light nuclei have shown a clear deviation from simple density-dependent models. Purpose: A better understanding of the nuclear quark distributions and short-range correlations requires a careful examination of the experimental data on these effects to constrain models that attempt to describe these phenomena. Methods: We present a detailed analysis of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and the contribution of SRCs in nuclei, comparing to predictions and simple scaling models based on different pictures of the underlying physics. We also make a direct, quantitative comparison of the two effects to further examine the connection between these two observables related to nuclear structure. Results: We find that, with...

  7. New Measurements of the EMC Effect in Light Nuclei and at Large x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaskell, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, 23606 (United States)

    2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The modification of structure functions in nuclei (the EMC effect) has been the focus of intense experimental and theoretical study since the original observation in 1983. The EMC effect unequivocally demonstrates that quark distributions in nuclei are not simply the incoherent sum of the nucleon quark distributions. However, progress in understanding the root cause of these modifications has been hampered by the complexity of nuclear structure, making it difficult to disentangle the ''conventional'' nuclear effects of Fermi motion and binding from true medium modifications to nucleon structure. Experiment E03--103 at Jefferson Lab made measurements of nuclear structure function ratios from few--body nuclei ({sup 3}He and {sup 4}He) to deuterium, where the nuclear structure is well known, and for a range of nuclei, A = 3 to 197, at large x, where effects from Fermi motion and binding dominate.

  8. A detailed study of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and short-range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Arrington; Aji Daniel; Donal Day; Nadia Fomin; Dave Gaskell; Patricia Solvignon

    2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: The density of the nucleus has been important in explaining the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions, also known as the EMC effect, as well as the presence of highmomentum nucleons arising from short-range correlations (SRCs). Recent measurements of both of these effects on light nuclei have shown a clear deviation from simple density-dependent models. Purpose: A better understanding of the nuclear quark distributions and short-range correlations requires a careful examination of the experimental data on these effects to constrain models that attempt to describe these phenomena. Methods: We present a detailed analysis of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and the contribution of SRCs in nuclei, comparing to predictions and simple scaling models based on different pictures of the underlying physics. We also make a direct, quantitative comparison of the two effects to further examine the connection between these two observables related to nuclear structure. Results: We find that, with the inclusion of the new data on light nuclei, neither of these observables can be well explained by common assumptions for the nuclear dependence. The anomalous behavior of both effects in light nuclei is consistent with the idea the the EMC effect is driven by either the presence of high-density configurations in nuclei or the large virtuality of the highmomentum nucleons associated with these configurations. Conclusions: The unexpected nuclear dependence in the measurements of the EMC effect and SRC contributions appear to suggest that the local environment of the struck nucleon is the most relevant quantity for explaining these results. The common behavior suggests a connection between the two seemingly disparate phenomena, but the data do not yet allow for a clear preference between models which aim to explain this connection.

  9. Detailed study of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and short-range correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Arrington, Aji Daniel, Donal Day, Nadia Fomin, David Gaskell, Patricia Solvignon

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: The density of the nucleus has been important in explaining the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions, also known as the EMC effect, as well as the presence of high-momentum nucleons arising from short-range correlations (SRCs). Recent measurements of both of these effects on light nuclei have shown a clear deviation from simple density-dependent models. Purpose: A better understanding of the nuclear quark distributions and short-range correlations requires a careful examination of the experimental data on these effects to constrain models that attempt to describe these phenomena. Methods: We present a detailed analysis of the nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and the contribution of SRCs in nuclei, comparing to predictions and simple scaling models based on different pictures of the underlying physics. We also make a direct, quantitative comparison of the two effects to further examine the connection between these two observables related to nuclear structure. Results: We find that, with the inclusion of the new data on light nuclei, neither of these observables can be well explained by common assumptions for the nuclear dependence. The anomalous behavior of both effects in light nuclei is consistent with the idea that the EMC effect is driven by either the presence of high-density configurations in nuclei or the large virtuality of the high-momentum nucleons associated with these configurations. Conclusions: The unexpected nuclear dependence in the measurements of the EMC effect and SRC contributions appear to suggest that the local environment of the struck nucleon is the most relevant quantity for explaining these results. The common behavior suggests a connection between the two seemingly disparate phenomena, but the data do not yet allow for a clear preference between models which aim to explain this connection.

  10. New analysis of the common nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and short-range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fomin, Nadia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The strong repulsive core of the nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction at short distances prevents nucleons from becoming close to each other. This gives rise to high-momentum nucleons in the nucleus that cannot be explained in the context of the mean field and are commonly called short-range correlations (SRCs). They are responsible for the strength seen in momentum distribution tails seen in all nuclei, and we can obtain a relative measure of SRCs via cross section ratios to light nuclei. Recent inclusive scattering data from Jefferson Lab have allowed a precise determination of the A-dependence of SRCs in nuclei and suggests that, like the EMC effect, it is especially sensitive to the nuclear local density. These new results, as well as a new analysis of the relationship between SRCs and the EMC effect, will be presented and discussed.

  11. New analysis of the common nuclear dependence of the EMC effect and short-range correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadia Fomin

    2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The strong repulsive core of the nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction at short distances prevents nucleons from becoming close to each other. This gives rise to high-momentum nucleons in the nucleus that cannot be explained in the context of the mean field and are commonly called short-range correlations (SRCs). They are responsible for the strength seen in momentum distribution tails seen in all nuclei, and we can obtain a relative measure of SRCs via cross section ratios to light nuclei. Recent inclusive scattering data from Jefferson Lab have allowed a precise determination of the A-dependence of SRCs in nuclei and suggests that, like the EMC effect, it is especially sensitive to the nuclear local density. These new results, as well as a new analysis of the relationship between SRCs and the EMC effect, will be presented and discussed.

  12. Tagging emc effects and hadronization mechanisms by semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudio Ciofi Degli Atti; Leonid P. Kaptari; Chiara Benedetta Mezzetti

    2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off a nucleus A with detection of a slow nucleus (A-1) in the ground or low excitation states, i.e. the process A(e,e'(A-1))X, can provide useful information on the origin of the EMC effect and the mechanisms of hadronization. The theoretical description of the process is reviewed and the results of several calculations on few-body systems and complex nuclei are presented.

  13. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 1-3: General - The effects of high-altitude EMP (HEMP) on civil equipment and systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 1-3: General - The effects of high-altitude EMP (HEMP) on civil equipment and systems

  14. The challenge of the EMC effect: Existing data and future directions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malace, Simona P. [JLAB; Gaskell, David J. [JLAB; Higinbotham, Douglas W. [JLAB; Cloet, Ian C. [ANL

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery that the ratio of inclusive charged lepton (per-nucleon) cross sections from a nucleus A to the deuteron is not unity - even in deep inelastic scattering kinematics - a great deal of experimental and theoretical effort has gone into understanding the phenomenon. The EMC effect, as it is now known, shows that even in the most extreme kinematic conditions the effects of the nucleon being bound in a nucleus can not be ignored. In this paper we collect the most precise data available for various nuclear to deuteron ratios, as well as provide a commentary on the current status of the theoretical understanding of this thirty year old effect.

  15. Parity-violating DIS and the flavour dependence of the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. C. Cloët; W. Bentz; A. W. Thomas

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Isospin-dependent nuclear forces play a fundamental role in nuclear structure. In relativistic models of nuclear structure constructed at the quark level these isovector nuclear forces affect the u and d quarks differently, leading to non-trivial flavour dependent modifications of the nuclear parton distributions. We explore the effect of isospin dependent forces for parity-violating deep inelastic scattering on nuclear targets and demonstrate that the cross-sections for nuclei with N /= Z are sensitive to the flavour dependence of the EMC effect. Indeed, for nuclei like lead and gold we find that these flavour dependent effects are large.

  16. The Challenge of the EMC Effect: existing data and future directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simona Malace; David Gaskell; Douglas W. Higinbotham; Ian Cloet

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery that the ratio of inclusive charged lepton (per-nucleon) cross sections from a nucleus A to the deuteron is not unity - even in deep inelastic scattering kinematics - a great deal of experimental and theoretical effort has gone into understanding the phenomenon. The EMC effect, as it is now known, shows that even in the most extreme kinematic conditions the effects of the nucleon being bound in a nucleus can not be ignored. In this paper we collect the most precise data available for various nuclear to deuteron ratios, as well as provide a commentary on the current status of the theoretical understanding of this thirty year old effect.

  17. Parity-violating DIS and the flavour dependence of the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloët, I C; Thomas, A W

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Isospin-dependent nuclear forces play a fundamental role in nuclear structure. In relativistic models of nuclear structure constructed at the quark level these isovector nuclear forces affect the u and d quarks differently, leading to non-trivial flavour dependent modifications of the nuclear parton distributions. We explore the effect of isospin dependent forces for parity-violating deep inelastic scattering on nuclear targets and demonstrate that the cross-sections for nuclei with N /= Z are sensitive to the flavour dependence of the EMC effect. Indeed, for nuclei like lead and gold we find that these flavour dependent effects are large.

  18. Measurements of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei at large x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Daniel; J. Arrington; D. Gaskell

    2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data on the EMC effect from Jefferson Lab experiment E03103 suggest that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the local nuclear environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. We briefly discuss the analysis and results of the E03103 experiment focusing on the light nuclei and high x region. In addition, we also discuss a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure on the modification of quark distributions.

  19. Measurements of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei at large x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH (United States); Arrington, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States); Gaskell, D. [Jefferson Laboratory, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data on the EMC effect from Jefferson Lab experiment E03103 suggest that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the local nuclear environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. We briefly discuss the analysis and results of the E03103 experiment focusing on the light nuclei and high x region. In addition, we also discuss a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure on the modification of quark distributions.

  20. Measurements of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei at large x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Daniel, J. Arrington, D. Gaskell

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data on the EMC effect from Jefferson Lab experiment E03103 suggest that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the local nuclear environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. We briefly discuss the analysis and results of the E03103 experiment focusing on the light nuclei and high x region. In addition, we also discuss a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure on the modification of quark distributions.

  1. Yubing Wang EMC Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claypool, Mark

    Yubing Wang EMC Corporation Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA wang_yubing@emc.com Mark Claypool Computer@cs.wpi.edu Zheng Zuo EMC Corporation Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA zuo_zheng@emc.com Abstract--The tremendous increase

  2. Gluon EMC effect and fractional energy loss in Upsilon production in dAu collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreiro, E G; Lansberg, J P; Matagne, N; Rakotozafindrabe, A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the nuclear modification factor R^Upsilon_dAu measured at RHIC can only be reproduced once two supplemental Cold Nuclear Matter effects are taken into account. At backward rapidities, the visible suppression of R^Upsilon_dAu hints at the presence of a gluon EMC effect, analogous to the quark EMC effect -- but likely stronger. At forward and mid rapidities, the data can only be accounted for by a fractional energy loss, recently revived in the literature. Our conclusions do not depend on the detail of the nuclear parton distributions. We thus argue that this may be the first observation of a gluon EMC effect stronger than the quark one.

  3. Parton distribution functions and nuclear EMC effect in a statistical model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lijing Shao; Yunhua Zhang; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A new and simple statistical approach is performed to calculate the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the nucleon in terms of light-front kinematic variables. Analytic expressions of x-dependent PDFs are obtained in the whole x region. And thereafter, we treat the temperature T as a parameter of the atomic number A to explain the nuclear EMC effect in the region $x \\in [0.2, 0.7]$. We give the predictions of PDF ratios, and they are very different from those by other models, thus experiments aiming at measuring PDF ratios are suggested to provide a discrimination of different models.

  4. EMC effect in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baogui Lu; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By considering the $x$-dependence of $\\pi^+$, $\\pi^-$, $K^+$, $K^-$, $\\Lambda$, $\\bar{\\Lambda}$, $p$, $\\bar{p}$ hadron productions in charged lepton semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off nuclear target (using Fe as an example) and deuteron D target, % at $Q^2=5$ GeV$^2$, we find that $(\\bar{\\Lambda}^A/\\Lambda^A)/(\\bar{\\Lambda}^D/\\Lambda^D)$ and $({\\bar{p}}^A/{p}^A)/({\\bar{p}}^A/p^A)$ are ideal to figure out the nuclear sea content, which is predicted to be different by different models accounting for the nuclear EMC effect.

  5. EMC effect in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu Baogui; Ma Boqiang [Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); CCAST (World Laboratory), P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China) and Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By considering the x-dependence of {pi}{sup +},{pi}{sup -},K{sup +},K{sup -},{lambda},{lambda},p,p hadron productions in charged lepton semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering off nuclear target (using Fe as an example) and deuteron D target, we find that ({lambda}{sup A}/{lambda}{sup A})/({lambda}{sup D}/{lambda}{sup D}) and (p{sup A}/p{sup A})/(p{sup A}/p{sup A}) are ideal to figure out the nuclear sea content, which is predicted to be different by different models accounting for the nuclear EMC effect.

  6. The EMC Effect Still Puzzles After 30 Years

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Higinbotham, Douglas W. [JLAB; Miller, Gerald A. [Washington U.; Hen, O. [Tel Aviv U.; Rith, Klaus [Erlangen-Nu. U.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty years ago, high-energy muons at CERN revealed the first hints of an effect that puzzles experimentalists and theorists alike to this day.

  7. The EMC effect still puzzles after 30 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas Higinbotham; Gerald A Miller; Or Hen; Klaus Rith

    2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty years ago, high-energy muons at CERN revealed the first hints of an effect that puzzles experimentalists and theorists alike to this day.

  8. The EMC effect still puzzles after 30 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higinbotham, Douglas; Hen, Or; Rith, Klaus

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty years ago, high-energy muons at CERN revealed the first hints of an effect that puzzles experimentalists and theorists alike to this day.

  9. Polarization transfer in inelastic scattering and pionic models of the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carey, T.A.; Jones, K.W.; McClelland, J.B.; Moss, J.M.; Rees, L.B.; Tanaka, N.; Bacher, A.D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of the experiment reported was to make a precise test of the enhanced pion field model in a medium-energy scattering experiment. The quantity probed is the spin-longitudinal response function, a measure of the nuclear pion density which is used explicitly in the pion-excess models of the EMC effect. The point of reference used is deuterium. The spin-dependent response functions for heavy targets and /sup 2/H are compared using identical experimental techniques. The technique of complete polarization transfer is used to separate the spin-longitudinal and spin-transverse response in the continuum. The experiment consisted of precise determinations of the polarization transfer coefficients for 500 MeV protons inelastically scattered from Pb, Ca, and /sup 2/H. The experiment utilized longitudinal, sideways, and normal polarized beams in conjunction with final polarization analysis from the focal-plane polarimeter of the high-resolution spectrometer. Quantities constructed from these data are the longitudinal and transverse spin-flip probabilities. Calculations were performed of the ratio of longitudinal to transverse response functions and of the EMC effect with the same model. No evidence was found for collectivity in the isovector spin-longitudinal response function. 10 refs. (LEW)

  10. Dependence of the wave function of a bound nucleon on its momentum and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atti, C. Ciofi degli; Frankfurt, L. L.; Kaptari, L. P.; Strikman, M. I. [Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, RU-141980 JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation) and Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is widely discussed in the literature that the wave function of the nucleon bound in a nucleus is modified by the interaction with the surrounding medium. We argue that the modification should strongly depend on the momentum of the nucleon. We study such an effect in the case of the pointlike configuration component of the wave function of a nucleon bound in a nucleus A, considering the case of arbitrary final states of the spectator A-1 system. We show that for nonrelativistic values of the nucleon momentum, the momentum dependence of the nucleon deformation appears to follow from rather general considerations and discuss the implications of our theoretical observation for two different phenomena: (i) the search for medium-induced modifications of the nucleon radius of a bound nucleon through the measurement of the electromagnetic nucleon form factors via the A(e,e{sup '}p)X process and (ii) the A dependence of the EMC effect.

  11. Mass dependence of short-range correlations in nuclei and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanhalst, Maarten; Cosyn, Wim

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An approximate method to quantify the mass dependence of the number of two-nucleon (2N) short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei is suggested. The proposed method relies on the concept of the "local nuclear character" of the SRC. We quantify the SRC and its mass dependence by computing the number of independent-particle model (IPM) nucleon pairs in a zero relative orbital momentum state. We find that the relative probability per nucleon for 2N SRC follows a power law as a function of the mass number $A$. The predictions are connected to measurements which provide access to the mass dependence of SRC. First, the ratio of the inclusive inelastic electron scattering cross sections of nuclei to $^{2}$H at large values of the Bjorken variable. Second, the EMC effect, for which we find a linear relationship between its magnitude and the predicted number of SRC-prone pairs.

  12. Spin-dependent structure functions in nuclear matter and the polarized EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. C. Cloet; W. Bentz; A. W. Thomas

    2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An excellent description of both spin-independent and spin-dependent quark distributions and structure functions has been obtained with a modified Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, which is free of unphysical thresholds for nucleon decay into quarks - hence incorporating an important aspect of confinement. We utilize this model to investigate nuclear medium modifications to structure functions and find that we are readily able to reproduce both nuclear matter saturation and the experimental F^A_2N / F_2N ratio, that is, the EMC effect. Applying this framework to determine g^A_1p, we find that the ratio g^A_1p / g_1p differs significantly from 1, with the quenching caused by the nuclear medium being about twice that of the spin-independent case. This represents an exciting result, which if confirmed experimentally, will reveal much about the quark structure of nuclear matter.

  13. Mass dependence of short-range correlations in nuclei and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maarten Vanhalst; Jan Ryckebusch; Wim Cosyn

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An approximate method to quantify the mass dependence of the number of two-nucleon (2N) short-range correlations (SRC) in nuclei is suggested. The proposed method relies on the concept of the "local nuclear character" of the SRC. We quantify the SRC and its mass dependence by computing the number of independent-particle model (IPM) nucleon pairs in a zero relative orbital momentum state. We find that the relative probability per nucleon for 2N SRC follows a power law as a function of the mass number $A$. The predictions are connected to measurements which provide access to the mass dependence of SRC. First, the ratio of the inclusive inelastic electron scattering cross sections of nuclei to $^{2}$H at large values of the Bjorken variable. Second, the EMC effect, for which we find a linear relationship between its magnitude and the predicted number of SRC-prone pairs.

  14. Spin-dependent structure functions in nuclear matter and the polarized EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    I.C. Cloet; W. Bentz; A.W. Thomas

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An excellent description of both spin-independent and spin-dependent quark distributions and structure functions has been obtained with a modified Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, which is free of unphysical thresholds for nucleon decay into quarks--hence incorporating an important aspect of confinement. We utilize this model to investigate nuclear medium modifications to structure functions, and find that we are readily able to reproduce both nuclear matter saturation and the experimental F{sub 2N}{sup A}/F{sub 2N} ratio, that is, the EMC effect. Applying this framework to determine g{sub 1p}{sup A}, we find that the ratio g{sub 1p}{sup A}/g{sub 1p} differs significantly from 1, with the quenching caused by the nuclear medium being about twice that of the spin-independent case. This represents an exciting result, which if confirmed experimentally, will reveal much about the quark structure of nuclear matter.

  15. Spin-Dependent Structure Functions in Nuclear Matter and the Polarized EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloeet, I.C. [Special Research Centre for the Subatomic Structure of Matter and Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics, University of Adelaide, South Australia 5005 (Australia); Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Bentz, W. [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Thomas, A.W. [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

    2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An excellent description of both spin-independent and spin-dependent quark distributions and structure functions has been obtained with a modified Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, which is free of unphysical thresholds for nucleon decay into quarks--hence incorporating an important aspect of confinement. We utilize this model to investigate nuclear medium modifications to structure functions and find that we are readily able to reproduce both nuclear matter saturation and the experimental F{sub 2N}{sup A}/F{sub 2N} ratio, that is, the European Muon Collaboration (EMC) effect. Applying this framework to determine g{sub 1p}{sup A}, we find that the ratio g{sub 1p}{sup A}/g{sub 1p} differs significantly from unity, with the quenching caused by the nuclear medium being about twice that of the spin-independent case. This represents an exciting result, which, if confirmed experimentally, will reveal much about the quark structure of nuclear matter.

  16. Light Cone Dynamics and EMC Effects in the Extraction of F_{2n} at Large Bjorken x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misak M Sargsian

    2011-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss theoretical issues related to the extraction of deep inelastic~(DIS) structure function of neutron from inclusive DIS scattering off the deuteron at large Bjorken x. Theoretical justification is given to the consideration of only $pn$ component of the deuteron wave function and consistency with both the baryonic number and light-cone momentum conservation sum rules. Next we discuss the EMC type effects and argue that in all cases relevant to the nuclear DIS reactions at large x the main issue is the medium modification of the properties of bound nucleon rather than the non-nucleonic components like pions. We give brief description of the color screening model of EMC and within this model we estimate uncertainties in the extraction of the neutron DIS structure function at large x. We emphasize also that these uncertainties are rather "model independent" since any theoretical framework accounting for the medium modification is proportional to the magnitude of the virtuality of bound nucleon which increases with an increase of x.

  17. Light Cone Dynamics and EMC Effects in the Extraction of F{sub 2n} at Large Bjorken x

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sargsian, Misak M. [Department of Physics, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199 (United States)

    2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss theoretical issues related to the extraction of deep inelastic (DIS) structure function of neutron from inclusive DIS scattering off the deuteron at large Bjorken x. Theoretical justification is given to the consideration of only pn component of the deuteron wave function and consistency with both the baryonic number and light-cone momentum conservation sum rules. Next we discuss the EMC type effects and argue that in all cases relevant to the nuclear DIS reactions at large x the main issue is the medium modification of the properties of bound nucleon rather than the non-nucleonic components like pions. We give brief description of the color screening model of EMC and within this model we estimate uncertainties in the extraction of the neutron DIS structure function at large x. We emphasize also that these uncertainties are rather ''model independent'' since any theoretical framework accounting for the medium modification is proportional to the magnitude of the virtuality of bound nucleon which increases with an increase of x.

  18. Bound Nucleon Form Factors, Quark-Hadron Duality, and the Nuclear EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Tsushima; D.H. Lu; W. Melnitchouk; K. Saito; A.W. Thomas

    2002-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the electromagnetic form factors, axial form factors, and structure functions of a nucleon bound in the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model. Free space nucleon form factors are calculated using the improved cloudy bag model (ICBM). After describing finite nuclei and nuclear matter in the quark-based (EMC) model, the in-medium modification of the bound nucleon form factors is calculated in the same model. Finally, the bound nucleon structure function, F2, is extracted using the calculated in-medium electromagnetic form factors and Bloom-Gilman (quark-hadron) duality.

  19. EMC effect and jet energy loss in relativistic deuteron-nucleus collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Cole; G. G. Barnafoldi; P. Levai; G. Papp; G. Fai

    2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the influence of modified nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs) on high-pT hadron production at RHIC and LHC energies using a pQCD-improved parton model. For application at RHIC, we focus on the possible contribution of the EMC modification of the nuclear PDFs in the x > 0.3 region to the observed suppression of pi0 production at pT > 10 GeV/c in dAu collisions. We study three different parameterizations of the nuclear PDF modifications and find that they give consistent results for R_dAu(pT) for neutral pions in the region 10 GeV/c EMC suppression of the parton distributions in the Au nucleus does not strongly influence the R_dAu for pi0 in the pT region where the suppression is observed. Using the HKN parameterization, we evaluate systematic errors in the theoretical R_dAu(pT) resulting from uncertainties in the nuclear PDFs. The measured nuclear modification factor is inconsistent with the pQCD model result for pT > 10 GeV/c even when the systematic uncertainties in the nuclear PDFs are accounted for. The inclusion of a small final-state energy loss can reduce the discrepancy with the data, but we cannot perfectly reproduce the pT dependence of the measured R_dAu(pT). For the LHC, we find that shadowing of the nuclear PDFs produces a large suppression in the yield of hadrons with pT < 100 GeV/c in p(d)A collisions.

  20. On the dependence of the wave function of a bound nucleon on its momentum and the EMC effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Ciofi degli Atti; L. L. Frankfurt; L. P. Kaptari; M. I. Strikman

    2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    It is widely discussed in the literature that the wave function of the nucleon bound in a nucleus is modified due to the interaction with the surrounding medium. We argue that the modification should strongly depend on the momentum of the nucleon. We study such an effect in the case of the point-like configuration component of the wave function of a nucleon bound in a nucleus A, considering the case of arbitrary final state of the spectator A-1 system. We show that for non relativistic values of the nucleon momentum, the momentum dependence of the nucleon deformation appears to follow from rather general considerations and discuss the implications of our theoretical observation for two different phenomena: i) the search for medium induced modifications of the nucleon radius of a bound nucleon through the measurement of the electromagnetic nucleon form factors via the A(e,e'p)X process, and ii) the A-dependence of the EMC effect; in this latter case we also present a new method of estimating the fraction of the nucleus light-cone momentum carried by the photons and find that in a heavy nuclei protons loose about 2% of their momentum.

  1. Cobb EMC- Solar Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Beginning in February 2008, Cobb Energy Management Corporation (EMC) offers rebates for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Cobb EMC is offering members $450 per kilowatt-AC (kW-AC)...

  2. High-momentum components of the nuclear wave function: Short range correlations, EMC effect, and the tensor parts of the N-N interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eli Piasetzky

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The combination of inclusive and exclusive electron scattering data from JLab in kinematic regimes that were not reachable before, together with the analysis and interpretation of older data from hadronic reactions at BNL is finally revealing the details of short-range nucleon-nucleon correlations in nuclei. The most significant result is the demonstration of the dominance of correlated np pairs over pp and nn pairs. I will review these results, discuss them in terms of short-range tensor-force dominance and also discuss the connection to the EMC effect.

  3. Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities Caridad Araujo , Alain-farm non-agricultural (OFNA) employment offers a major pathway from poverty for rural populations. However and informal OFNA employment using village census data for rural Mexico. We test and reject the possibility

  4. 1EMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLYEMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLY EMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    1EMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLYEMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLY EMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spaEMC Computer Systems Italia spa Skill:45 Come farsi assumere e vivere bene in EMC ­ Tips&Tricks e testimonianze 12:45 ­ 13:30 Incontri

  5. Thermal stability of LiPF6EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal stability of LiPF6±EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea , Ralph study of the LiPF6±EC:EMC electrolyte. The effect of different variables on its thermal stability was evaluated: salt (LiPF6) concentration effect, solvents, EC:EMC ratios, and heating rates. Hermetically

  6. Walton EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Walton Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves approximately 100,000 customers in 10 northeastern Georgia counties. Walton EMC provides financial incentives for...

  7. EMC PERSPECTIVE: THE POWER OF WINDOWS SERVER 2012 AND EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    EMC PERSPECTIVE: THE POWER OF WINDOWS SERVER 2012 AND EMC INFRASTRUCTURE FOR MICROSOFT PRIVATE and storage optimization features of intelligent storage arrays, such as the EMC® Symmetrix® VMAX® storage family, the EMC® VNX® series, and the EMC® Isilon® scale-out NAS family. With new technologies

  8. EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via a dedicated PEEC method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via. By coupling these two methods, an equivalent circuit with lumped elements is obtained. Consequently, EMC capacitance effects, is rapidly limited to analyze the EM interactions between subsystems or to draw up EMC

  9. E=mc2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work with E=mc2 - What's the Speed of Light Got to Do

  10. Enhancing Engineers Skills in EMC of Integrated A Practical Experience using IC-EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Enhancing Engineers Skills in EMC of Integrated Circuits A Practical Experience using IC-EMC circuit (IC) design under Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) constraints. It presents the general context of EMC of ICs and details the EMC-aware IC design course given in companies and several institutes

  11. Automotive EMC Workshop Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Automotive EMC Workshop Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory Reliable Automotive Electronics Design for Guaranteed EMC Compliance April 29, 2013 Todd Hubing Clemson University #12;EMC Requirements they reviewed/designed would meet all automotive EMC requirements the first time they were tested. #12;Clemson

  12. Boone County Rural EMC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouthby 2022 |BleckleyMotionBocaBondBonnerBonsall,BookingBoone

  13. V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authenticatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    36: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass...

  14. Compact EMC model of power electronics converter for conducted EMC studies in embedded networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Page 1/7 Compact EMC model of power electronics converter for conducted EMC studies in embedded - University of Lyon Abstract This paper presents a "black box" model for EMC prediction of power electronics is the forecast of ElectroMagnetic Compatibility behaviour at system level in embedded networks. Keywords: EMC

  15. Walton EMC- Prime PowerLoan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Walton Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 100,000 customers in ten northeastern Georgia counties. Walton EMC offers the Prime PowerLoan program for both...

  16. Copyright 2009 IEICE EMC'09/Kyoto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koledintseva, Marina Y.

    809 Copyright © 2009 IEICE EMC'09/Kyoto Modelling of Absorbing Material Containing Magnetic Platelets Marina Y. Koledintseva#1 , James L. Drewniak#2 , Yongxue He*3 , and Bill Matlin*4 # EMC Laboratory

  17. Semi-inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering off Few-Nucleon Systems: Tagging the EMC Effect and Hadronization Mechanisms with Detection of Slow Recoiling Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Ciofi degli Atti; L. P. Kaptari

    2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off the deuteron ($^2H \\equiv D$) and $^3He$ with detection of slow protons and deuterons, respectively, i.e. the processes $D(e,e'p)X$ and $^3He(e,e'D)X$, are calculated within the spectator mechanism, taking into account the final state interaction of the hadronizing quark with the detected protons and deuterons, respectively. It is shown that by a proper choice of the kinematics the origin of the EMC effect and the details of the interaction between the hadronizing quark and the nuclear medium can be investigated at a level which cannot be reached by inclusive deep inelastic scattering. A comparison of our calculations with recently available experimental data on the process $D(e,e'p)X$ shows a good agreement in the backward hemisphere of the emitted nucleons. Theoretical predictions at the energies thyat will be available at the upgraded Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facilty are presented, and the possibility to investigate the proposed semi-inclusive processes at electron-ion colliders is briefly discussed.

  18. Semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering off few-nucleon systems: Tagging the EMC effect and hadronization mechanisms with detection of slow recoiling nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciofi degli Atti, C.; Kaptari, L. P. [Department of Physics, University of Perugia, Piazza dell' Universita 1, I-06123 Perugia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of electrons off {sup 2}H and {sup 3}He with detection of slow protons and deuterons, respectively, i.e., the processes {sup 2}H(e,e{sup '}p)X and {sup 3}He(e,e{sup '}d)X, are calculated within the spectator mechanism, taking into account the final state interaction of the nucleon debris with the detected protons and deuterons. It is shown that by a proper choice of the kinematics the origin of the EMC effect and the details of the interaction between the hadronizing quark and the nuclear medium can be investigated at a level which cannot be reached by inclusive deep-inelastic scattering. A comparison of the results of our calculations, containing no adjustable parameters, with recently available experimental data on the process {sup 2}H(e,e{sup '}p)X shows a good agreement in the backward hemisphere of the emitted nucleons. Theoretical predictions at energies that will be available at the upgraded Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility are presented, and the possibility to investigate the proposed semi-inclusive processes at electron-ion colliders is briefly discussed.

  19. Lumbee River EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC (LREMC) offers rebates to its residential customers who purchase and install qualified energy efficient products or services. Rebates are available for water heaters, refrigerator...

  20. Sawnee EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC provides a variety of rebates for residential customers building new energy efficient homes or making energy efficiency improvements to existing homes....

  1. Habersham EMC- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Habersham Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that provides service to 32,000 customers in northeastern Georgia, including Rabun, Habersham, White, Hall, Lumpkin and...

  2. Habersham EMC- Energy Efficient Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Habersham Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that provides service to 32,000 customers in northeastern Georgia, including Rabun, Habersham, White, Hall, Lumpkin and...

  3. Sawnee EMC- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC provides a variety of rebates for commercial customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of eligible facilities. If recommended by a Sawnee Commercial Marketing Representative ...

  4. South River EMC- Energy Efficient Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available for clothes washers,...

  5. U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated...

  6. U-168: EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server Bugs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8: EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Deny Service U-168: EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server Bugs Let Remote...

  7. V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control...

  8. Quark model description of the {ital N}-{ital N} system: Momentum distributions, structure functions, and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koepf, W. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Wilets, L. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We employ a relativistic quark bag picture, the chromodielectric soliton model, to discuss the quarks` symmetry structure and momentum distribution in the {ital N}-{ital N} system. Six-quark clusters are constructed in a constrained mean-field calculation. The corresponding Hamiltonian contains not only an effective interaction between the quarks and a scalar field, which is assumed to parametrize all nonperturbative effects due to the nonlinearity of QCD, but also quark-quark interactions mediated through one-gluon exchange. We also evaluate the quark light-cone distribution functions, characterizing inclusive deep-inelastic lepton scattering, for the nucleon as well as for the six-quark structures. We find a competition between a softening of the quarks` momenta through the increase of the confinement volume, and a hardening via the admixture of higher symmetry configurations due to the color-electrostatic one-gluon exchange. These findings suggest an unexpected absence of many-nucleon, multiquark effects, even though six-quark structures should represent a nonnegligible part of the nuclear ground state.

  9. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this study was to better understand how young women in a rural community define successful adulthood and how life in a rural area benefited or challenged their transition into successful adulthood. Non-probability, purposive sampling...

  10. EMC Engineers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict ofDongjinDynetek42 EIAELO Sistemas eEMC

  11. Smarr EMC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteel Corporation Jump to:SleepySmallSmallSmarr EMC

  12. EMC effect with different oscillator-model parameters $h?$ for different shells by considering difference between proton and neutron structure functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Zolfagharpour

    2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnitude of binding energy used in the conventional nuclear theory to explain the EMC experimental data, seems to be larger than the one expected. In this paper to get sufficient depletion in the binding energy, different oscillator-model parameters $ \\textit{$h\\omega$} $ for different shells and the proton (neutron) structure function that have good agrement with experimental data are used. The extracted results for $^4He, ^{12}C, ^{40}Ca$ and $^{56}Fe$ nuclei show that one can get improved results in medium x ranges by less binding energy.

  13. Tools and Techniques for Ensuring Automotive EMC Performance and Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    of the future ... 10 #12;Automotive EMC Today #12;Automotive EMC Standards Organizations 12 International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) International Organization for Standards (IOS) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) CISPR, TC77 TC22, SC3, WG3 Surface Vehicle EMC Standards Committee #12;Automotive EMC

  14. "Black Box" EMC model for Power Electronics Converter Mikael Foissac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    "Black Box" EMC model for Power Electronics Converter Mikael Foissac Grenoble Electrical be forecasted accurately, in order to avoid disturbance of the complete system. To quantify the EMC behaviour will then illustrate the method on a complete chopper cell. II. BLACK BOX EMC MODEL Any EMC analysis must account

  15. Sawnee EMC- Solar Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC offers a rebate of $300 per kilowatt (kW) to residential customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that meet the cooperative's [http://www.sawnee.com/Rate%20Pdfs/NEM%20Rider.pdf...

  16. V-013: EMC Avamar Client for VMware Discloses Server Password...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3: EMC Avamar Client for VMware Discloses Server Password to Local Users V-013: EMC Avamar Client for VMware Discloses Server Password to Local Users October 31, 2012 - 6:00am...

  17. U-153: EMC Data Protection Advisor Server and Collector Bugs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    53: EMC Data Protection Advisor Server and Collector Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service U-153: EMC Data Protection Advisor Server and Collector Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service...

  18. Page 1 September 2014EMC'2014 Software Model Checking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    Page 1 September 2014EMC'2014 Dynamic Software Model Checking Patrice Godefroid Microsoft Research #12;Page 2 September 2014EMC'2014 Ed Clarke: A man, An idea... · LASER'2011 summer school (Elba island, Italy) #12;Page 3 September 2014EMC'2014 Ed Clarke: A man, An idea... · LASER'2011 summer school (Elba

  19. in this issue 1 Systems Innovation at EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    in this issue 1 Systems Innovation at EMC 2 Welcome Letter 3 SDM Diagnostics Project 4 Product Conference 21 New SDM Codirectors 22 Recruiting SDM Grads 24 Calendar SDM helps EMC build bridge to innovation As a company founded in Massachusetts, EMC has long-standing partnerships with universities

  20. Proposal of a method for real cables EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Proposal of a method for real cables EMC modeling Olivier Maurice 23. juillet 2008 Abstract TThis paper deals with a method for the real cables EMC (ElectroMagnetic Compatibility) modeling compatibility (EMC). The objective is firstly to take into account the continuous interlacing of the wires

  1. Dynamically Movable Exhausting Emc Sealing System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barringer, Dennis R. (Wallkill, NY); Seminaro, Edward J. (Milton, NY); Toffler, Harold M. (Newburgh, NY)

    2003-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A docking apparatus for printed circuit boards including a cassette housing, having a housing base, a housing cover and a housing wall, wherein the housing base and the housing wall are disposed relative to each other so as to define a housing cavity for containing a printed circuit card and wherein the housing wall includes a cable opening disposed so as to be communicated with the housing cavity, a housing bezel, disposed relative to the cassette housing so as to be associated with the cable opening, the housing bezel includes an outer bezel having a first plurality of openings and an inner bezel having a second plurality of apertures, the inner bezel in electrical communication with the printed circuit card, wherein said housing bezel is removable, and an EMC gasket disposed between the outer and inner bezels of said housing bezel, the EMC gasket configured to provide a removable EMC seal proximate the cable opening while still allowing airflow through the first and second plurality of apertures having the EMC gasket therebetween. A docking apparatus for printed circuit boards including a cassette housing, having a housing base, a housing cover and a housing wall, wherein the housing base and the housing wall are disposed relative to each other so as to define a housing cavity for containing a printed circuit card and wherein the housing wall includes a cable opening disposed so as to be communicated with the housing cavity, a housing bezel, disposed relative to the cassette housing so as to be associated with the cable opening, the housing bezel includes an outer bezel having a first plurality of openings and an inner bezel having a second plurality of apertures, the inner bezel in electrical communication with the printed circuit card, wherein said housing bezel is removable, and an EMC gasket disposed between the outer and inner bezels of said housing bezel, the EMC gasket configured to provide a removable EMC seal proximate the cable opening while still allowing airflow through the first and second plurality of apertures having the EMC gasket therebetween.

  2. Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    al. (2001), although the impact of the recent welfare reform does not appear to differ greatly that the impact of welfare reform on employment and earnings in the rural areas is smaller than in the urban areas

  3. NO. REV. MO. _ ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    NO. REV. MO. ATM 1050 _ ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results PAGE 1 OF 10 DATE 19 August 1971 The results of the ALSEP/LCRU EMC test are reported in this ATM. C~.·--~ s--·~e'Jn~,__')!).Prepared by:__~~~"f--.;;.~-------- Approved by: ~JM.MD. ithian #12;NO. RIV. NO. ATM 1050 ALSEP/LCRU EMC Test Results 2 10PAGE OF Aall

  4. Technical Design Report for PANDA Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PANDA Collaboration; W. Erni; I. Keshelashvili; B. Krusche; M. Steinacher; Y. Heng; Z. Liu; H. Liu; X. Shen; O. Wang; H. Xu; J. Becker; F. Feldbauer; F. -H. Heinsius; T. Held; H. Koch; B. Kopf; M. Pelizaeus; T. Schroeder; M. Steinke; U. Wiedner; J. Zhong; A. Bianconi; M. Bragadireanu; D. Pantea; A. Tudorache; V. Tudorache; M. De Napoli; F. Giacoppo; G. Raciti; E. Rapisarda; C. Sfienti; E. Bialkowski; A. Budzanowski; B. Czech; M. Kistryn; S. Kliczewski; A. Kozela; P. Kulessa; K. Pysz; W. Schaefer; R. Siudak; A. Szczurek; W. Czy. zycki; M. Domagala; M. Hawryluk; E. Lisowski; F. Lisowski; L. Wojnar; D. Gil; P. Hawranek; B. Kamys; St. Kistryn; K. Korcyl; W. Krzemien; A. Magiera; P. Moskal; Z. Rudy; P. Salabura; J. Smyrski; A. Wronska; M. Al-Turany; I. Augustin; H. Deppe; H. Flemming; J. Gerl; K. Goetzen; R. Hohler; D. Lehmann; B. Lewandowski; J. Luehning; F. Maas; D. Mishra; H. Orth; K. Peters; T. Saito; G. Schepers; C. J. Schmidt; L. Schmitt; C. Schwarz; B. Voss; P. Wieczorek; A. Wilms; K. -T. Brinkmann; H. Freiesleben; R. Jaekel; R. Kliemt; T. Wuerschig; H. -G. Zaunick; V. M. Abazov; G. Alexeev; A. Arefiev; V. I. Astakhov; M. Yu. Barabanov; B. V. Batyunya; Yu. I. Davydov; V. Kh. Dodokhov; A. A. Efremov; A. G. Fedunov; A. A. Feshchenko; A. S. Galoyan; S. Grigoryan; A. Karmokov; E. K. Koshurnikov; V. Ch. Kudaev; V. I. Lobanov; Yu. Yu. Lobanov; A. F. Makarov; L. V. Malinina; V. L. Malyshev; G. A. Mustafaev; A. Olshevski; M. A. . Pasyuk; E. A. Perevalova; A. A. Piskun; T. A. Pocheptsov; G. Pontecorvo; V. K. Rodionov; Yu. N. Rogov; R. A. Salmin; A. G. Samartsev; M. G. Sapozhnikov; A. Shabratova; G. S. Shabratova; A. N. Skachkova; N. B. Skachkov; E. A. Strokovsky; M. K. Suleimanov; R. Sh. Teshev; V. V. Tokmenin; V. V. Uzhinsky; A. S. Vodopianov; S. A. Zaporozhets; N. I. Zhuravlev; A. G. Zorin; D. Branford; K. Foehl; D. Glazier; D. Watts; P. Woods; W. Eyrich; A. Lehmann; A. Teufel; S. Dobbs; Z. Metreveli; K. Seth; B. Tann; A. Tomaradze; D. Bettoni; V. Carassiti; A. Cecchi; P. Dalpiaz; E. Fioravanti; I. Garzia; M. Negrini; M. Savri`e; G. Stancari; B. Dulach; P. Gianotti; C. Guaraldo; V. Lucherini; E. Pace; A. Bersani; M. Macri; M. Marinelli; R. F. Parodi; I. Brodski; W. Doering; P. Drexler; M. Dueren; Z. Gagyi-Palffy; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Kotulla; W. Kuehn; S. Lange; M. Liu; V. Metag; M. Nanova; R. Novotny; C. Salz; J. Schneider; P. Schoenmeier; R. Schubert; S. Spataro; H. Stenzel; C. Strackbein; M. Thiel; U. Thoering; S. Yang; T. Clarkson; E. Cowie; E. Downie; G. Hill; M. Hoek; D. Ireland; R. Kaiser; T. Keri; I. Lehmann; K. Livingston; S. Lumsden; D. MacGregor; B. McKinnon; M. Murray; D. Protopopescu; G. Rosner; B. Seitz; G. Yang; M. Babai; A. K. Biegun; A. Bubak; E. Guliyev; V. S. Jothi; M. Kavatsyuk; H. Loehner; J. Messchendorp; H. Smit; J. C. van der Weele; F. Garcia; D. -O. Riska; M. Buescher; R. Dosdall; R. Dzhygadlo; A. Gillitzer; D. Grunwald; V. Jha; G. Kemmerling; H. Kleines; A. Lehrach; R. Maier; M. Mertens; H. Ohm; D. Prasuhn; T. Randriamalala; J. Ritman; M. Roeder; T. Stockmanns; P. Wintz; P. Wuestner; J. Kisiel; S. Li; Z. Li; Z. Sun; H. Xu; S. Fissum; K. Hansen; L. Isaksson; M. Lundin; B. Schroeder; P. Achenbach; M. C. Mora Espi; J. Pochodzalla; S. Sanchez; A. Sanchez-Lorente; V. I. Dormenev; A. A. Fedorov; M. V. Korzhik; O. V. Missevitch; V. Balanutsa; V. Chernetsky; A. Demekhin; A. Dolgolenko; P. Fedorets; A. Gerasimov; V. Goryachev; A. Boukharov; O. Malyshev; I. Marishev; A. Semenov; C. Hoeppner; B. Ketzer; I. Konorov; A. Mann; S. Neubert; S. Paul; Q. Weitzel; A. Khoukaz; T. Rausmann; A. Taeschner; J. Wessels; R. Varma; E. Baldin; K. Kotov; S. Peleganchuk; Yu. Tikhonov; J. Boucher; T. Hennino; R. Kunne; S. Ong; J. Pouthas; B. Ramstein; P. Rosier; M. Sudol; J. Van de Wiele; T. Zerguerras; K. Dmowski; R. Korzeniewski; D. Przemyslaw; B. Slowinski; G. Boca; A. Braghieri; S. Costanza; A. Fontana; P. Genova; L. Lavezzi; P. Montagna; A. Rotondi; N. I. Belikov; A. M. Davidenko; A. A. Derevschikov; Y. M. Goncharenko; V. N. Grishin; V. A. Kachanov; D. A. Konstantinov; V. A. Kormilitsin; V. I. Kravtsov; Y. A. Matulenko; Y. M. Melnik; A. P. Meschanin; N. G. Minaev; V. V. Mochalov; D. A. Morozov; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; A. V. Ryazantsev; P. A. Semenov; L. F. Soloviev; A. V. Uzunian; A. N. Vasiliev; A. E. Yakutin; T. Baeck; B. Cederwall; C. Bargholtz; L. Geren; P. E. Tegner; S. Belostotski; G. Gavrilov; A. Itzotov; A. Kisselev; P. Kravchenko; S. Manaenkov; O. Miklukho; Y. Naryshkin; D. Veretennikov; V. Vikhrov; A. Zhadanov; L. Fava; D. Panzieri; D. Alberto; A. Amoroso; E. Botta; T. Bressani; S. Bufalino; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; F. De Mori; M. Destefanis; L. Ferrero; A. Grasso; M. Greco; T. Kugathasan; M. Maggiora; S. Marcello; G. Serbanut; S. Sosio; R. Bertini; D. Calvo; S. Coli; P. De Remigis; A. Feliciello; A. Filippi; G. Giraudo; G. Mazza; A. Rivetti

    2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the technical layout and the envisaged performance of the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC) for the PANDA target spectrometer. The EMC has been designed to meet the physics goals of the PANDA experiment, which is being developed for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt, Germany. The performance figures are based on extensive prototype tests and radiation hardness studies. The document shows that the EMC is ready for construction up to the front-end electronics interface.

  5. Jackson EMC- Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson EMC), which serves over 185,000 residential customers, offers rebates to those customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or solar water...

  6. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties.

  7. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  8. Lumbee River EMC- Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC (LREMC) offers rebates to its residential customers who purchase and install qualified energy efficient products or services. Rebates are available for water heaters, refrigerator...

  9. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Home Plus Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  10. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  11. V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue September...

  12. U-247: EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7: EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass Authentication and Gain Administrative Access U-247: EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass...

  13. EMC3, llc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| Open Jump to: navigation, searchEMC3, llc Jump to:

  14. Emc3 LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| OpenElectromagneticElmwood CUSD Jump to:EmberEmc3

  15. 1EMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLY Cloud based Personal Information Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1EMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLY Cloud based Personal Information Management ­ Introduction to EMC Cloud Computing Jidong Chen Sr. Research Scientist Information Management Group EMC Research China Dec., 2008 #12;2EMC CONFIDENTIAL--INTERNAL USE ONLY Agenda Introduction to Personal Information Cloud

  16. Workshop 2emc 2010 -Modlisation et mesure des couplages en champ proche des

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Workshop 2emc 2010 - Modélisation et mesure des couplages en champ proche des composants de filtre.Prof.Luciano Gualberto, Trav.3, N. 158. CEP- 05508-970- São Paulo,SP-Brasil, sartori@pea,usp,br. . Abstract : EMC filters compatibility (EMC), near-field, equivalent radiated source, multipolar expansion. 1. INTRODUCTION EMC filters

  17. EMC/FDTD/MD FOR MULTIPHYSICS CHARACTERIZATION OF SEMICONDUCTORS AT THZ FREQUENCIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knezevic, Irena

    EMC/FDTD/MD FOR MULTIPHYSICS CHARACTERIZATION OF SEMICONDUCTORS AT THZ FREQUENCIES by Keely Willis.1 Ensemble Monte Carlo (EMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.2 Finite difference) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3 EMC/FDTD for 2D analysis of materials with low carrier density . . . . . . . . . 22 3.1 EMC

  18. ON ACCURACY OF NUMERICAL EMC/EMI MODELING OVER A WIDE FREQUENCY RANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    1 ON ACCURACY OF NUMERICAL EMC/EMI MODELING OVER A WIDE FREQUENCY RANGE Sergey Loyka EMC Lab: loyka@nemc.belpak.minsk.by Abstract - Numerical EMC/EMI modeling over a wide frequency range requires computational efficiency is proposed. I. INTRODUCTION Almost all the EMC problems are wide frequency range ones

  19. Analysis of the effects of consumptive uses on the value of rural land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faubion, James Forrest

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    significant influence on rural land values. To meet this objective two areas of Texas were chosen in which to study the land market activity during 1969 and 1970. Gillespie and Hamilton counties served as the study areas. Specific information gathered... to determine the significant factors affecting the price of land. in the two areas. Is was determi . cd that five variables had a significant effect upon the price of rural land in these areas. These variables in- cluded (1) distance to county seat on paved...

  20. Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 19982007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 1998 February 2012 Received in revised form 3 May 2013 Accepted 24 May 2013 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic examines the role of gasoline prices in the occurrence of traffic crashes. However, no studies have

  1. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Michael B. Edwards Committee Members, Kyle M. Woosnam Laura M. Stough Head of Department, Gary Ellis August 2014 Major Subject: Recreation, Park, and Tourism Sciences... is evidenced in the research; understanding what youth perceive to be barriers to potential developmental opportunities and supports will increase the effectiveness of youth 2 development programs (Walker, Marczak, Blyth, & Borden, 2005). Additionally...

  2. EMC effect and nuclear structure functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Atashbar Tehrani; A. Mirjalili; Ali N. Khorramian

    2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze experimental data of nuclear structure function ratios $F_2^A/F_2^D$ for obtaining optimum parton distribution functions (PDFs) in nuclei. Then, uncertainties of the nuclear PDFs are estimated by the Hessian method. Parametrization of nuclear parton distribution is investigated in the leading order of $\\alpha_s$. The parton distribution are provided at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ with a number of parameters, which are determined by a $\\chi^2$ analysis of the data on nuclear structure function. From the analysis, we propose parton distributions at $Q^2=1 GeV^2$ for nuclei from deuteron to heavy ones with a mass number $A\\sim 208$.

  3. South River EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is providing rebates to encourage their customers to install solar water heating systems. To be eligible for the rebate solar collectors must have...

  4. Haywood EMC- Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Haywood EMC offers a low interest loan to their residential customers to finance the purchase of an energy efficient heat pump and certain weatherization measures. The current interest rate is 5%...

  5. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Loan Program (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC is offering 1.50% loans to residential customers for the installation of solar water heaters on their homes. To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings...

  6. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC is offering $850 rebates to residential customers who install solar water heaters on their homes. To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings and...

  7. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC is offering $850 rebates to residential customers who install solar water heaters on their homes.  To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings and...

  8. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC is offering 1.50% loans to residential customers for the installation of solar water heaters on their homes.  To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings...

  9. Jackson EMC- Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 194,000 in 10 northeast Georgia counties. To encourage the construction of homes that are energy efficient,...

  10. Jackson EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves 194,000 customers in 10 counties in northeast Georgia. To encourage its residential customers to adopt energy...

  11. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers the Comfort Loan Program to residential customers. This program offers financing for insulation upgrades, the replacement of an existing heating/cooling system with an...

  12. Lumbee River EMC- Energy Efficient Homes Program for Builders

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC (LREMC) offers rebates to builders who construct single-family Energy Star Homes in the LREMC service territory. Energy Star homes are able to provide greater comfort, efficiency,...

  13. Randolph EMC- Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Agricultural members of Randolph EMC (REMC) who upgrade to energy-efficient CFL bulbs in agricultural facilities are eligible for an incentive to help cover the initial cost of installation. The...

  14. South River EMC- Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC (SREMC) offers a rebate to eligible business customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of lighting systems. The business must upgrade from an older, less efficient system...

  15. South River EMC- Energy Star Homes Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers incentives to home buyers and builders who purchase or construct Energy Star certified single-family site built homes, manufactured homes, and multi-family dwellings. Energy...

  16. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was to mirror rural electrification and rural telephony itcommittee, the rural electrification was important in thethat there were the rural electrification programs in the ‘

  17. Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    benefits most from rural electrification? Evidence in India.The Effects of Rural Electrification on Employment: NewSpatial Impact of the Rural Electrification Administration

  18. Tangent length and sight distance effects on accident rates at horizontal curves on two-lane rural highways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Kenneth Lee

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TANGENT LENGTH AND SIGHT DISTANCE EFFECTS ON ACCIDENT RATES AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON TWO-LANE RURAL HIGHWAYS A Thesis by KENNETH LEE FINK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering TANGENT LENGTH AND SIGHT DISTANCE EFFECTS ON ACCIDENT RATES AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON TWO-LANE RURAL HIGHWAYS A Thesis hy KENNETH LEE FINK Submitted to Texas...

  19. EMC Corporation: Managing IT M&A Integrations to Enable Profitable Growth by Acquisitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanriverdi, Hüseyin

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EMC Corporation is one of the fastest profitably growing public companies in the United States. It pursues both organic and acquisitive growth. Between 2005 and 2010, it acquired over 50 companies. EMC used to be a vendor ...

  20. T-699: EMC AutoStart Buffer Overflows Let Remote Users Execute...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    99: EMC AutoStart Buffer Overflows Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code T-699: EMC AutoStart Buffer Overflows Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code August 23, 2011 - 3:35pm...

  1. U-211: EMC Celerra/VNX/VNXe Access Control Bug Lets Remote Authenticat...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    11: EMC CelerraVNXVNXe Access Control Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Access FilesDirectories U-211: EMC CelerraVNXVNXe Access Control Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users...

  2. V-075: EMC AlphaStor Command Injection and Format String Flaws...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5: EMC AlphaStor Command Injection and Format String Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-075: EMC AlphaStor Command Injection and Format String Flaws Let Remote Users...

  3. V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Obtain Passwords V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications...

  4. U-153: EMC Data Protection Advisor Server and Collector Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Data Protection Advisor. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions.

  5. ELECTRICAL SIMULATION METHODOLOGY DEDICATED TO EMC DIGITAL CIRCUITS EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ON PCB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ELECTRICAL SIMULATION METHODOLOGY DEDICATED TO EMC DIGITAL CIRCUITS EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ON PCB Jean band . In this context, we present a global modelling methodology for EMC considerations on Electronic Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and some applications for oriented EMC simulations. In a first time, we

  6. SMOKE AND CFD VISUALIZATION OF THE FLOW AFTER AN EMC SCREEN IN A SUBRACK MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SMOKE AND CFD VISUALIZATION OF THE FLOW AFTER AN EMC SCREEN IN A SUBRACK MODEL Raúl Antón1, 2, 3 analysed are the velocity, the EMC screen porosity and the subrack geometry. The technique used pattern after the screen. KEYWORDS: RNG k-, perforated plate, porosity, EMC screen, subrack, flow pattern

  7. EMC/EMI Analysis in Wireless Communication Networks Department of Electrical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loyka, Sergey

    EMC/EMI Analysis in Wireless Communication Networks S. Loyka Department of Electrical Engineering: sergey.loyka@ieee.org Abstract: Main challenges in EMC/EMI modeling and simulation for modern and future difference between simulating analog and digital systems. A computationally-efficient approach for EMC

  8. THEORETICAL APPLICATION OF THE TENSORIAL ANALYSIS OF NETWORK FOR EMC AT THE SYSTEM LEVEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THEORETICAL APPLICATION OF THE TENSORIAL ANALYSIS OF NETWORK FOR EMC AT THE SYSTEM LEVEL Olivier.maurice@mpsa.com ABSTRACT To resolve the Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) at the system level we need developed by Gabriel KRON to compute all the interactions encountered in EMC on large systems. 1

  9. TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    TheElectronMicroscopyCore(EMC) UniversityofMissouriColumbia,MO65211 The. The EMC houses two field emission SEM's, a Hitachi cold-field SEM (S-4700) and a FEI thermal FE SEM imaging and chemical analysis from their SEM/EDS systems. AdditionalSupportby: FormoreInformationortoregistergoto:http://www.emc

  10. Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) in Residence Sunday, May 5 to Friday, May 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Randy

    - 1 - Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) in Residence Sunday, May 5 to Friday, May 10, 2013 Thank you for your interest in attending the Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) program for a fun and challenging the EMC in Residence program, students will be assigned rooms in the Victoria Hall residence building

  11. Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) Commuter Program Monday, May 6 to Friday, May 10, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Randy

    - 1 - Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) Commuter Program Monday, May 6 to Friday, May 10, 2013 Thank you for your interest in attending the Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) Commuter program for a fun and challenging and Departure at the Commuter Café EMC Commuter students have a designated place to arrive and check in each

  12. Dynamic synchronous/asynchronous replication ASSAF NATANZON,, EMC, Ben-Gurion University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmat, Eitan

    A Dynamic synchronous/asynchronous replication ASSAF NATANZON,, EMC, Ben-Gurion University EITAN remotely even if not all previous writes have been Author's addresses: A. Natanzon EMC Corp., Herzlia, Israel and department of Computer Science, Ben- Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel, 84105. assaf.natanzon@emc

  13. Automatic Layout Optimization of a Double Sided Power Module Regarding Thermal and EMC constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Automatic Layout Optimization of a Double Sided Power Module Regarding Thermal and EMC constraints. The chip position and power layout is automatically generated according to the best EMC/Thermal trade off. Optimization techniques use simple but fairly accurate EMC and Thermal models, presented in this paper

  14. Standards Panel: 1. Stephen Diamond, General Manager, Industry Standards Office and Global Standards Officer, EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standards Officer, EMC Corporation, Office of the CTO Steve Diamond has 30 years of management, marketing was President of the IEEE Computer Society. Steve is General Manager of the Industry Standards Office at EMC Corporation, and Global Standards Officer in the Office of the CTO. Before EMC, he was responsible for cloud

  15. EMC-ORIENTED ANALYSIS OF ELECTRIC NEAR-FIELD IN HIGH FREQUENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EMC-ORIENTED ANALYSIS OF ELECTRIC NEAR-FIELD IN HIGH FREQUENCY Ali Alaeldine12 , Olivier Maurice3 - 35043 Rennes Cedex - France 3 EMC for Automotive Systems Group - Research and Development Center - PSA - Route de Gachet - 44300 Nantes - France Abstract. This paper introduces an EMC-oriented study

  16. Program 2015 Date Regular Fee Registration Dates EMC in Residence May 3-8 $780 Feb. 3 Apr. 10, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Randy

    Program 2015 Date Regular Fee Registration Dates EMC in Residence May 3-8 $780 Feb. 3­ Apr. 10, 2015 2015 EMC Residence Program The Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) Residential Program is an opportunity, and participate in extra- curricular activities. Why EMC at Queen's? Take top quality academic courses taught

  17. Program 2014 Date Regular Fee Registration Dates EMC in Residence May 4-9 $650 Feb 3-28, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Program 2014 Date Regular Fee Registration Dates EMC in Residence May 4-9 $650 Feb 3-28, 2014 2014 EMC Residence Program The Enrichment Mini-Course (EMC) Residential Program is an opportunity and dinner each day in the cafeteria, and participate in extra-curricular activities. Why EMC at Queen

  18. Using EMCS Data to Document and Improve Air Handler Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brightbill, E. L.; Rutt, J. P.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methodology and applied it, with great success, to an EMCS controlling 36 house air handlers in a 1,200,000 square foot, multi-use Jeffrey P. Rutt, P.E. Sr. Mechanical Engineer Department of Defense Ft. George G. Meade, Md. Government building at Ft...

  19. Electronic Materials Conference (EMC), 6-25-2009 Improved Migration-Enhanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    Electronic Materials Conference (EMC), 6-25-2009 Improved Migration-Enhanced Epitaxy for Self ·Scalable III-V MOSFETs ·The Shape of Things to Come·The Shape of Things to Come 2Wistey, EMC 2009 #12 · Heteroepitaxy 3Wistey, EMC 2009 W.K. Liu et al., J. Crystal Growth v. 311, p. 1979 (2009)· Selective area growth

  20. Damage of Elastomeric Matrix Composites (EMC-rubbers) Under Static Loading Conditions: Experimental and Numerical Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayari, F. [Laboratory of Mechanics, College of Science and Technology, 1008 Montfleury, Tunis (Tunisia); Supmeca/LISMMA-Paris, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (France); Bayraktar, E. [Supmeca/LISMMA-Paris, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (France); Zghal, A. [Laboratory of Mechanics, College of Science and Technology, 1008 Montfleury, Tunis (Tunisia)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Elastomeric matrix composites (EMC-rubbers) are considered as isotropic hyper elastic incompressible materials under static loading conditions. As a rubber material element cannot be extended to an infinite stretch ratio, a damage mechanism at large strain is considered. The phenomenon of cavitation plays an important role in the damage of EMCs and influences the toughening mechanism of rubber-modified plastics. Indeed, cavitation in elastomers is thought to be initiated from flaws, which grow primarily due to a hydrostatic tensile stress and ahead of the crack; there will not only be a high stress perpendicular to the plane of the crack but also significant stress components in the other direction. However, there exists historically much discussion on the evolution of the cavitation in elastomers under monotonic and/or static solicitation. Mainly, cavitation instability occurs when the stress levels are sufficiently high so that the void expansion rate becomes infinitely large. Many research works have been performed to understand the effects of rubber cavitation on toughening of plastics. In fact, the cavitation phenomenon is not well known in detail. The most popular idea states that the cavitation is related to the existence of the gas bubbles trapped in the material during the production stage and the growing of the cavities would then be the result of the growing gas bubbles. Further, instable failure mechanism at the end of the cavitation is not well known too.

  1. U-168: EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Deny Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server. A remote authenticated user can cause denial of service conditions.

  2. U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated Privileges

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    EMC Documentum Content Server contains a privilege elevation vulnerability that may allow an unauthorized user to obtain highest administrative privileges on the system.

  3. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties.

  4. Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations & Maintenance (O&M)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D. E.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most chiller and boiler central plants, the energy management and control systems (EMCS) monitor and record key operation parameters and energy production continuously. A method was developed to identify potential O&M savings by using the EMCS...

  5. Frequency Interpolation Methods for Accelerating Parallel EMC Analysis Secure Computing Laboratory, Computer System Laboratories, Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strazdins, Peter

    Frequency Interpolation Methods for Accelerating Parallel EMC Analysis K. Homma Secure Computing-specific Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) re- quirements. Hence, minimizing the undesired radiation and avoiding electromagnetic wave radiation from these devices tends to increase. In such a situation, the estimation of EMC

  6. Jitter-Free Co-Processing on a Prototype Exascale Storage Stack john.bent@emc.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jitter-Free Co-Processing on a Prototype Exascale Storage Stack John Bent john.bent@emc.com Sorin Faibish sfaibish@emc.com Jim Ahrens ahrens@lanl.gov Gary Grider ggrider@lanl.gov John Patchett patchett@lanl.gov Percy Tzelnic tzelnic@emc.com Jon Woodring woodring@lanl.gov Abstract In the petascale era, the storage

  7. System Simulation for EMC Network Analysis M.Foissac, JL.Schanen, G.Frantz, D.Frey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    System Simulation for EMC Network Analysis M.Foissac, JL.Schanen, G.Frantz, D.Frey G2ELab (UMR 5269 to represent their EMC behavior. The model does not need any knowledge of the converter design since. INTRODUCTION Determining the ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) behavior of any electrical system is always

  8. Automatic Layout Optimization of an EMC filter Thomas DE OLIVEIRA, Jean-Luc SCHANEN, Jean-Michel GUICHON, Laurent GERBAUD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Automatic Layout Optimization of an EMC filter Thomas DE OLIVEIRA, Jean-Luc SCHANEN, Jean France Abstract- The transfer function of an EMC (Electro-Magnetic Compatibility) filter is strongly for embedded applications. When looking on a power converter, the EMC filter represents 30% of the volume

  9. ESA Workshop on Aerospace EMC Florence, Italy / 30 March 1 April 2009 A NOVEL WAY OF USING REVERBERATION CHAMBERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ESA Workshop on Aerospace EMC Florence, Italy / 30 March ­ 1 April 2009 A NOVEL WAY OF USING of facility, among others, are often used nowadays for high frequency EMC radiated-immunity tests of using RCs for EMC testing with the generation of high-intensity deterministic temporal wavefronts inside

  10. Improvement of power supply EMC by chaos J.H.B. Deane and D.C. Hamill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deane, Jonathan

    Improvement of power supply EMC by chaos J.H.B. Deane and D.C. Hamill Department of Electronic is spread, its peaks are reduced and EMC is improved, compared to the case when the circuit is operating consisting of the switching frequency and many harmonics. Such interference poses significant EMC problems

  11. EMC Phenomena in HEP Detectors: Prevention and Cost Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arteche, F.; /Imperial Coll., London /CERN; Rivetta, C.; /SLAC

    2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) studies applied to high-energy physics (HEP) detectors. They are focused on the quantification of the front-end electronic (FEE) sensitivity to conductive noise coupled through the input/output cables. Immunity tests performed on FEE prototypes of both the CMS hadron calorimeter and the CMS silicon tracker are presented. These tests characterize the sensitivity of the FEE to common and differential mode noise coupled through the power cables and the slow control network. Immunity tests allow evaluating the weakest areas of the system to take corrective actions before the integration of the overall detector, saving time and important costs.

  12. Time Dependent Hadronization via HERMES and EMC Data Consistency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Gallmeister; U. Mosel

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Using QCD-inspired time dependent cross sections for pre-hadrons we provide a combined analysis of available experimental data on hadron attenuation in DIS off nuclei as measured by HERMES with 12 and 27 GeV and by EMC with 100 and 280 GeV lepton beam energies. We extract the complete four-dimensional evolution of the pre-hadrons using the JETSET-part of PYTHIA. We find a remarkable sensitivity of nuclear attenuation data to the details of the time-evolution of cross sections. Only cross sections evolving linearly in time describe the available data in a wide kinematical regime. Predictions for experimental conditions at JLAB (5 and 12 GeV beam energies) are included.

  13. Measurements and simulations on position dependencies in the response of single PWO crystals and a prototype for the $\\overline{P}ANDA$ EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bremer, Daniel Andreas

    The PANDA experiment, which will be located at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, aims at the study of strong interaction within the charm sector via antiproton- proton collisions. An essential component of the PANDA detector to achieve the ambitious physics goals is the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC). Reason for this is particularly its high detection efficiency for photons and electrons over a large dynamic range, since most of the expected physics channels are accompanied by secondary photons. The EMC is based on second generation lead tungstate scintillator crystals and thus features a very compact design and improved performance. To guarantee a homogeneous and precise energy and momentum response, an exact knowledge on the incident particle position is mandatory. In the scope of this work, non-uniformities in the light yield of single lead tungstate crystals with tapered geometry are investigated. This effect was studied with the SLitrani simulation package in comparison to a series ...

  14. Randolph EMC- Commercial and Industrial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial and industrial members who upgrade to energy-efficient light bulbs which meet Randolph EMC's standards are eligible for a prescriptive incentive payment. The cooperative will provide a...

  15. The effects of cash cropping on household expediture patterns in rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Fred Ken

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the hypotheses tested from the general problem statement is in order. The first hypothesis tested was that the average total expenditure for both commercial and send. -subsistence households are the same. Given that total expenditures are regarded as a proxy.... , University of Zambia at Lusaka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Carl E. Shafer The aims of the study are to determine significant differences in the patterns and levels of expenditure by semi-subsistence and commercial farm households in rural Kenya...

  16. U-211: EMC Celerra/VNX/VNXe Access Control Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Access Files/Directories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A vulnerability was reported in EMC Celerra/VNX/VNXe. A remote authenticated user can access files and directories on the target file system.

  17. Equilibrium metal concentration at zero net sorption (EMC{sub 0}): A new concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan, G.; Lavkulich, L.M. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Soil Sciences

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy metals in soils and waters are of environmental concerns. Since total concentration of a metal in soil is not directly related to its bioavailability, soil tests rely on measurement of extractable or labile fractions of metals. However, reagents used in the measurements are significantly different from natural waters entering soils in terms of ionic strength, acidity, and heavy metal concentration, making the direct interpretation of test results difficult if correlation between chemical test data and plant response in the field is not available. It is suggested that EMC{sub 0} be used as an indicator of heavy metal status in soils. EMC{sub 0} can be determined as follows: solutions with various metal concentrations (C{sub 0}) in 0.005 M CaCl{sub 2} matrix are added to soil samples at a fixed soil/solution ratio. The suspensions are shaken 24 hrs to achieve equilibrium, and centrifuged. Metal concentrations in supernatants are analyzed and plotted against C{sub 0}. A regression line based on plotted data an da 1:1 line are drawn. The X-axis value corresponding t the intersection of the liens is EMC{sub 0}. At the intersection, metal concentration at equilibrium equals that in the initial solution; indicating net sorption of the metal is zero. A EMC{sub 0} value of 0.27 mg/kg Zn was determined in a soil sample from the Fraser Valley in British Columbia. The soil received heavy applications of poultry manure.This value is much greater than water soluble Zn (0.06 mg/kg) of the sample. The significance of EMC{sub 0} is when concentrations of a metal in natural waters are less than EMC{sub 0}, soil will release the metal to soil solution. EMC{sub 0} may be useful in comparing relative degrees of contamination in contaminated soils.

  18. Isovector EMC effect explains the NuTeV anomaly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. C. Cloët; W. Bentz; A. W. Thomas

    2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron or proton excess in nuclei leads to an isovector-vector mean-field which, through its coupling to the quarks in a bound nucleon, implies a shift in the quark distributions with respect to the Bjorken scaling variable. We show that this result leads to an additional correction to the NuTeV measurement of sin^2(Theta_W). The sign of this correction is largely model independent and acts to reduce their result. Explicit calculation within a covariant and confining Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model predicts that this vector field correction accounts for approximately two-thirds of the NuTeV anomaly. We are therefore led to offer a new interpretation of the NuTeV measurement, namely, that it is further evidence for the medium modification of the bound nucleon wavefunction.

  19. Isovector EMC Effect and the NuTeV Anomaly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloeet, I. C. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Bentz, W. [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Thomas, A. W. [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606, USA and College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 (United States)

    2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron or proton excess in nuclei leads to an isovector-vector mean field which, through its coupling to the quarks in a bound nucleon, implies a shift in the quark distributions with respect to the Bjorken scaling variable. We show that this result leads to an additional correction to the NuTeV measurement of sin{sup 2}theta{sub W}. The sign of this correction is largely model independent and acts to reduce their result. Explicit calculation in nuclear matter within a covariant and confining Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model predicts that this vector field correction may account for a substantial fraction of the NuTeV anomaly. We are therefore led to offer a new interpretation of the NuTeV measurement, namely, that it provides further evidence for the medium modification of the bound nucleon wave function.

  20. New measurements of the EMC effect in very light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seely, J; Gaskell, D; Arrington, J; Fomin, N; Solvignon, P; Asaturyan, R; Benmokhtar, F; Boeglin, W; Boillat, B; Bosted, P; Bruell, A; Bukhari, M.H.S.; Christy, M E; Clasie, B; Connell, S; Dalton, M; Day, D; Dunne, J; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Ent, R; Fenker, H; Filippone, B W; Gao, H; Hill, C; Holt, R J; Horn, T; Hungerford, E; Jones, M K; Jourdan, J; Kalantarians, N; Keppel, C E; Kiselev, D; Kotulla, M; Lee, C; Lung, A F; Malace, S; Meekins, D G; Mertens, T; Mkrtchyan, H; Navasardyan, T; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Nomura, H; Okayasu, Y; Opper, A K; Perdrisat, C; Potterveld, D H; Punjabi, V; Qian, X; Reimer, P E; Roche, J; Rodriguez, V M; Rondon, O; Schulte, E; Segbefia, E; Slifer, K; Smith, G R; Tadevosyan, V; Tajima, S; Tang, L; Testa, G; Trojer, R; Tvaskis, V

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high precision measurement of the proton elastic form factor ratio $\\mu G_{\\mathrm{E}}/G_{\\mathrm{M}}$ in the range of $Q^2$=0.3 - 0.7~GeV/$c^2$ has been made using recoil polarimetry method in Jefferson Lab Hall A. In this low $Q^2$ range, previous data (Bates, LEDEX) along with many fits and calculations indicate substantial deviations of the ratio from unity, and continue to suggest that structures might be present in the individual form factors, and in the ratio. In E08-007, with 80\\% polarized electron beam for 24 days, we are able to achieve $\\sim 0.5\\%$ statistical uncertainty. This high precision result will confirm or reute all existing suggestions of few percent structures in the form factors ratio. Beyond the intrinsic interest in nucleon structure, the improved form factor measurements also have implications for DVCS, determinations of the proton Zemach radius and for parity violation experiments.

  1. EMC Diagnosis and Corrective Actions for Silicon Strip Tracker Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arteche, F.; /CERN /Imperial Coll., London; Rivetta, C.; /SLAC

    2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The tracker sub-system is one of the five sub-detectors of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment under construction at CERN for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerator. The tracker subdetector is designed to reconstruct tracks of charged sub-atomic particles generated after collisions. The tracker system processes analogue signals from 10 million channels distributed across 14000 silicon micro-strip detectors. It is designed to process signals of a few nA and digitize them at 40 MHz. The overall sub-detector is embedded in a high particle radiation environment and a magnetic field of 4 Tesla. The evaluation of the electromagnetic immunity of the system is very important to optimize the performance of the tracker sub-detector and the whole CMS experiment. This paper presents the EMC diagnosis of the CMS silicon tracker sub-detector. Immunity tests were performed using the final prototype of the Silicon Tracker End-Caps (TEC) system to estimate the sensitivity of the system to conducted noise, evaluate the weakest areas of the system and take corrective actions before the integration of the overall detector. This paper shows the results of one of those tests, that is the measurement and analysis of the immunity to CM external conducted noise perturbations.

  2. EMC studies using the simulation framework of PANDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksandra Biegun; for the PANDA collaboration

    2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Anti-Proton ANnihilation at DArmstadt (PANDA) experiment proposed at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt (Germany) will perform a high precision spectroscopy of charmonium and exotic hadrons, such as hybrids, glueballs and hypernuclei. A highly intense beam of anti-protons provided by High Energy Storage Ring (HESR) with an unprecedented resolution will scan a mass range of 2 to 5.5 GeV/c2. In preparation for experiments with PANDA, careful and large-scale simulation studies need to be performed in the coming years to determine analysis strategies, to provide feedback for the design, construction and performance optimization of individual detector components and to design methods for the calibration and interpretation of the experimental results. Results of a simulation for the ElectroMagnetic Calorimeter (EMC), built from lead tungstate (PWO) crystals and placed inside the Target Spectrometer (TS), are presented. The simulations were carried out using the PandaRoot framework, which is based on ROOT and being developed by the PANDA collaboration.

  3. A Forrester Consulting Thought Leadership Paper Commissioned By Microsoft And RSA, The Security Division Of EMC The Value Of Corporate Secrets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Division Of EMC The Value Of Corporate Secrets How Compliance And Collaboration Affect Enterprise, the security division of EMC, commissioned Forrester Consulting to assess the data security practices of North

  4. PEEC-Models for EMC filter layout optimization Thomas De Oliveira, Jean-Michel Guichon, Jean-Luc Schanen, Laurent Gerbaud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PEEC-Models for EMC filter layout optimization Thomas De Oliveira, Jean-Michel Guichon, Jean France Abstract The subject of this paper is related to EMC filter integration. Due to stray interactions components. On the EMC Filter point of view, which represents usually 30% of the con- verter volume

  5. EXPECTED TRIGGER RATES OF HIGH PT JETS AND DIRECT PHOTONS IN THE STAR EMC.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BELT-TONJES,M. FOR THE STAR COLLABORATION

    1999-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The STAR experiment at RHIC is a large acceptance detector. The electromagnetic calorimeter (EMC) will provide a sensitive trigger to study high p{sub t} jets and hard photons in AuAu, pp, and pAu collisions. The capability for the EMC to trigger on jets and direct photons was studied for trigger level 0. Trigger efficiencies and expected process rates were obtained for pp reactions. Results from pp interactions will be essential to the interpretation of AuAu results as well as for the spin physics program. These studies were performed with the standard STAR software chain which includes GEANT and EMC simulations. The HIJING event generator was used to provide input for the simulations.

  6. Instability of a liquid metal surface in an electromagnetic field and relevance to EMC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kageyama, R.; Evans, J.W. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In electromagnetic casting (EMC) the surface of the molten metal, at the solidification front around the periphery of the melt pool, is not confirmed by a solid mold (as in, say, direct chill casting) but is free to move. Consequently disturbances of the melt surface are reflected in defects (waviness) in the solid ingot. The present paper examines the dynamics of a liquid metal surface in an electromagnetic field comparable to that of EMC. Numerical calculations of the flow of metal and motion of the melt surface have been accompanied by laboratory experiments in which a laser vibrometer has been used to measure the oscillations of the free surface of a mercury pool. Surface oscillations growth with increasing electromagnetic field strength in both the computations and the experiment, probably originating from the turbulent flow in the melt. The implications for EMC are discussed.

  7. EMCS and time-series energy data analysis in a large government office building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Friedman, Hannah

    2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Management Control System (EMCS) data are an underutilized source of information on the performance of commercial buildings. Newer EMCS's have the ability and storage capacity to trend large amounts of data and perform preliminary analyses; however, these features often receive little or no use, as operators are generally not trained in data management, visualization, and analysis. Whole-building hourly electric-utility data are another readily available and underutilized source of information. This paper outlines the use of EMCS and utility data to evaluate the performance of the Ronald V. Dellums Federal Building in Oakland, California, a large office building operated by the Federal General Services Administration (GSA). The project began as an exploratory effort at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to examine the procedures operators were using to obtain information and operate their buildings. Trending capabilities were available, but in limited use by the operators. LBNL worked with the building operators to use EMCS to trend one-minute data for over one-hundred points. Hourly electricity-use data were also used to understand usage patterns and peak demand. The paper describes LBNL's key findings in the following areas: Characterization of cooling plant operations; Characterization of economizer performance; Analysis of annual energy use and peak demand operations; Techniques, strengths, and shortcomings of EMCS data analysis; Future plans at the building for web-based remote monitoring and diagnostics. These findings have helped GSA develop strategies for peak demand reduction in this and other GSA buildings. Such activities are of great interest in California and elsewhere, where electricity reliability and demand are currently problematic. Overall, though the building's energy use is fairly low, significant energy savings are available by improving the existing EMCS control strategies.

  8. Data:33411558-e68a-476c-9682-9a3ef850ca47 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20110101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule GS - General Service...

  9. Data:4d6883de-7081-4d94-bb5a-a122b3fe4ea7 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SL - Street Lighting...

  10. Data:187d41bf-7f0c-45ef-b583-181e289d4284 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SL - Street Lighting...

  11. Data:4ecac073-42f5-4b2e-b0fc-7763308c92b2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SP TOU - Small Power...

  12. Data:3688621a-0f0c-4f5b-a403-fce7679e0a0c | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SP TOU - Small Power...

  13. Data:607bd02f-0b58-400c-b6da-2433d0239157 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule RES - Farm and...

  14. Data:9ab9fdd5-fd9a-4f0a-a4d3-260a81b6adf8 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SP - Small Power...

  15. Data:451f61e2-968e-4669-998e-f32dd4b40fcb | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LP - Large Power...

  16. Data:6115966a-d961-45d1-940a-7555dd5f6da1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule LP - Large Power...

  17. Data:55078b90-77aa-45e5-9897-745ed4ac476b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SP - Small Power...

  18. Data:Dd791421-9638-4d46-9113-41f7c766b564 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20110101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule RES - Farm and...

  19. Data:C1bb69c9-96f2-4d2f-b939-1755bc17809f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20110101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule GS - General Service...

  20. Data:165cf878-59be-493a-8ad2-d2acf4e58932 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20100501 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule IP - Industrial Power...

  1. Data:A72d2f52-ac5c-401a-9e0d-09ff2d8e9580 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20110101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule RES TOU - Farm and...

  2. Data:13eec80c-9064-448a-a05a-21907aec5b8f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 20110101 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule GS TOU - General...

  3. Investigating the effect of farmer land-use decisions on rural landscapes using an agent-based model approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karali, Eleni

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Land use and cover change (LUCC) is increasingly recognised as one of the most visible impacts of humans on nature. In rural areas, most of the observed LUCC is associated with agricultural activities. This has traditionally been attributed...

  4. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF COST EFFECTIVE SURFACE MOUNTED WATER TURBINES FOR RURAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    for further hydro development. Optimization of existing recourses for power harnessing has made application/low head hydro power generation. This project intends to design and develop cost effective design of engineered low head hydro turbines capable of utilizing 2-10 meter of water head and power output 2 to 15 k

  5. Application of the 3D Edge Code EMC3-EIRENE to JET Single Null Configurations by Validating Against 2D Simulations with EDGE2D-EIRENE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application of the 3D Edge Code EMC3-EIRENE to JET Single Null Configurations by Validating Against 2D Simulations with EDGE2D-EIRENE

  6. Microgrids for Rural Electrification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case Electrification Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A critical review of best practices based on seven case Mellon University University of California, Berkeley #12;Microgrids for Rural Electrification i Dan

  7. SU-E-T-344: Validation and Clinical Experience of Eclipse Electron Monte Carlo Algorithm (EMC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pokharel, S [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Rana, S [Procure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to validate Eclipse Electron Monte Carlo (Algorithm for routine clinical uses. Methods: The PTW inhomogeneity phantom (T40037) with different combination of heterogeneous slabs has been CT-scanned with Philips Brilliance 16 slice scanner. The phantom contains blocks of Rando Alderson materials mimicking lung, Polystyrene (Tissue), PTFE (Bone) and PMAA. The phantom has 30×30×2.5 cm base plate with 2cm recesses to insert inhomogeneity. The detector systems used in this study are diode, tlds and Gafchromic EBT2 films. The diode and tlds were included in CT scans. The CT sets are transferred to Eclipse treatment planning system. Several plans have been created with Eclipse Monte Carlo (EMC) algorithm 11.0.21. Measurements have been carried out in Varian TrueBeam machine for energy from 6–22mev. Results: The measured and calculated doses agreed very well for tissue like media. The agreement was reasonably okay for the presence of lung inhomogeneity. The point dose agreement was within 3.5% and Gamma passing rate at 3%/3mm was greater than 93% except for 6Mev(85%). The disagreement can reach as high as 10% in the presence of bone inhomogeneity. This is due to eclipse reporting dose to the medium as opposed to the dose to the water as in conventional calculation engines. Conclusion: Care must be taken when using Varian Eclipse EMC algorithm for dose calculation for routine clinical uses. The algorithm dose not report dose to water in which most of the clinical experiences are based on rather it just reports dose to medium directly. In the presence of inhomogeneity such as bone, the dose discrepancy can be as high as 10% or even more depending on the location of normalization point or volume. As Radiation oncology as an empirical science, care must be taken before using EMC reported monitor units for clinical uses.

  8. News > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenterDioxideDocumentation FeedbackCSTECIn This Section EMC2

  9. EMC EUROPE WORKSHOP 2005, ROME, ITALY Technical Areas (11. Antennas) RF-MEMS Capacitive Series Switches of CPW & MSL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Flaviis, Franco

    EMC EUROPE WORKSHOP 2005, ROME, ITALY Technical Areas (11. Antennas) RF-MEMS Capacitive Series.P. Li and Franco De Flaviis Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University substrate (r = 7.4 and tan = 0.001) as shown in figure 1 (a) and (b). The isolation and insertion losses

  10. Assessment of rural energy resources; Methodological guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rijal, K.; Bansal, N.K.; Grover, P.D. (Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Inst. of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 11016 (IN))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the methodological guidelines used to assess rural energy resources with an example of its application in three villages each from different physiographic zones of Nepal. Existing energy demand patterns of villages are compared with estimated resource availability, and rural energy planning issues are discussed. Economics and financial supply price of primary energy resources are compared, which provides insight into defective energy planning and policy formulation and implication in the context of rural areas of Nepal. Though aware of the formidable consequences, the rural populace continues to exhaust the forest as they are unable to find financially cheaper alternatives. Appropriate policy measures need to be devised by the government to promote the use of economically cost-effective renewable energy resources so as to change the present energy usage pattern to diminish the environmental impact caused by over exploitation of forest resources beyond their regenerative capacity.

  11. Rural Health Option The Rural Health Option requires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Rural Health Option The Rural Health Option requires: Membership in StORM Club, the Students include up to 3 sites/3physician-mentors Enrollment into BOTH rural health electives for a total of 2.sumner@okstate.edu) o Spring: Perspectives in Rural Health for OMSI or OMSII (or OMSIII with special permission) CLME

  12. Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event offering a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for...

  13. Rural Innovation Fund (Kentucky)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This fund provides capital to early-stage technology companies located in rural areas of Kentucky. Companies may apply for a $30,000 grant or an investment up to $100,000.

  14. The State and Rural Development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwosu, Nereus I.A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to benefit from rural electrification programme. The BenueInspection Team on rural electrification, Professor Nduka to

  15. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural Minnesota 65 Appendix C: About the Project, "Globalization and Knowledge Clusters for Rural America" 73

  16. Rural Intelligent Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Rural Intelligent Transportation Systems In a technical session at the 2011 NACE conference, Dennis Foderberg of SEH Inc. discussed intelligent transportation systems (ITS) developed by SEH in collaboration with Network Transportation Technologies, Inc. These systems address the problem of crashes on low-volume roads

  17. Energy requirements for rural development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, D.W.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study on the role of energy in the development of rural areas was originally conducted in the spring and summer of 1985. It was intended to serve as a background paper for the preparation of a program plan for the Office of Energy of the United States Agency for International Development. As such it begins with a brief overview of how rural development fits into national development, then offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about rural development in particular and the energy implications of the various components of rural development. Agriculture naturally comes to mind when rural areas are mentioned, but industry is an important component of rural activity as well. Consequently, both agricultural and nonagricultural energy use is discussed. Modernization of rural areas will change household, as well as production, energy use. However, household energy use is a veritable subject in its own right, with a large literature. Consequently, that topic is discussed in less detail than the production energy topics.

  18. Isospin dependence of EMC effect explains NuTeV anomaly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloet, Ian; Bentz, Wolfgang; Thomas, Anthony

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron or proton excess in nuclei leads to an isovector-vector mean-field which, through its coupling to the quarks in a bound nucleon, implies a shift in the quark distributions with respect to the Bjorken scaling variable. We show that this result leads to an additional correction to the NuTeV measurement of sin^2Theta_W. The sign of this correction is largely model independent and acts to reduce the NuTeV result. Explicit calculation within a covariant and confining Nambu Jona-Lasinio model predicts that this vector field correction accounts for approximately two-thirds of the NuTeV anomaly. We are therefore led to offer a new interpretation of the NuTeV measurement, namely, that it is further evidence for the medium modification of the bound nucleon wavefunction.

  19. Nuclear dynamics in the EMC effect at Next-to-Next-to-Leading order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Atashbar Tehrani; H. Mouji

    2014-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study in details the parameterizations of the nuclear parton distributions at the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) of $\\alpha_s$. In low $x$ and $Q_0^2$, we observe negative gluon distribution at this order which signals the saturation condition or the quark-gluon plasma condition. Our study also shows the gluon distribution at (NNLO) is less than next-to-leading order (NLO) of $\\alpha_s$, and the sea quark distribution at (NNLO) is larger than (NLO).

  20. Data:4a1e270b-d011-464f-9628-2ecf92db2e0e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Boone County Rural EMC Effective date: 20100331 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor lighting(On Existing...

  1. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities Researchers: Christi Bearden Nelda Cruz Heidi Heinsohn Jami Kuzaro Keller Norton Willis Richardson Meghan Wood Deborah L. Kerr, Ph.D., Advisor This project... for the limited resources of government. Especially in this period of difficult budget restrictions, public officials can only fund the projects that will produce the most for their communities. The Rural Viability Index is designed to provide public...

  2. Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar Rural Development Energy Audit & Renewable Energy Development Assistance Webinar January 21, 2015...

  3. Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maryland Agricultural and Resource Based Industry Development Corporation (MARBIDCO) offers low interest loans for energy efficiency improvements to farms and rural businesses through the Rural...

  4. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,EagaAbout Printable VersionNewsRural

  5. Repensar lo rural ante la globalización: La sociedad civil migrante

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jonathan A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005 migración y desarrollo repensar lo rural ante la2005 migración y desarrollo repensar lo rural ante la2005 migración y desarrollo repensar lo rural ante la

  6. Rural Development Advantage Program (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Development Advantage Program provides qualified businesses with refundable tax incentives for projects that create two new jobs and invest $125,000 in counties with less than 15,000...

  7. Rural Schools' Mental Health Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Steven W.; Lohmeier, Jill H.; Niileksela, Christopher Robert; Oeth, Jessica

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural schools often can not provide the same access to mental health service as schools in larger population areas can.. Understanding the implications of these sometimes limited services is important in overcoming barriers to adequate services...

  8. Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Lei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . . . . . .and Rural-Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . 1.

  9. BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    electrification is now and will remain an essential element for rural development in China and other developingBULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / April 2002Zhou, Byrne / RURAL SUSTAINABILITY Renewable Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China Aiming Zhou John Byrne University of Delaware Rural

  10. New measurements of the European Muon Collaboration effect in very light nuclei.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arrington, J.; El Fassi, L.; Holt, R.; Potterveld, D. H.; Reimer, P. E.; Schulte, E.; Solvignon, P.; Zheng, X.; Seely, J.; Daniel, A.; Gaskell, D.; Asaturyan, R. (Physics); (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech.); (Univ. of Houston); (Thomas Jefferson National Lab.); (Yerevan Physics Inst.)

    2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear dependence of the inclusive cross section from {sup 2}H, {sup 3}He, {sup 4}He, {sup 9}Be and {sup 12}C for 0.3 < x < 0.9, Q{sup 2} {approx} 3-6 GeV{sup 2}. These data represent the first measurement of the EMC effect for {sup 3}He at large x and a significant improvement for {sup 4}He. The data do not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear environment.

  11. Rural Job Tax Credit Program (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Job Tax Credit Program is an incentive for businesses located within one of the 36-designated Qualified Rural Areas to create new jobs. The tax credit ranges from $1000 to $1500 per...

  12. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  13. Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

  14. Loan/deposit links at rural Texas banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolecki, Vera Burton

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Agricultural Economics LOAN/DEPOSIT LINKS AT RURAL TEXAS RANKS A Thesis by VERA SURTON PODOLECKI Approved as to style and content by: fCha' an of Comm' ee) . '/ (Head' of Dep rtment) (Member ) (Membe May 1977 441'726 ABSTRACT Loan/Deposit Links... in agri- cultural lending on deposit level which in turn influences bank pro- fitability. This paper is directed towards providing the rural banker with tangible evidence of the effect of lending on deposit levels over time, and providing a...

  15. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  16. State of the State's Rural Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    of health status, health behavior, or health- care access and Oklahomans do not compare favorablyState of the State's Rural Health 2007 Edition Produced by OSU Center for Rural Health ASnapshotof-4391 January 1, 2007 Dear Reader: Welcome to the Oklahoma State University Center for Rural Health's inaugural

  17. Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty New realities, new challenges: new opportunities for tomorrow's generation #12;"The Rural Poverty Report 2011 is a valuable contribution to the effort that it supports investment, innovation and risk-taking. I have high hopes that the Rural Poverty Report will help

  18. Justification of village scale photovoltaic powered electrodialysis desalination systems for rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Natasha C. (Natasha Catherine)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis justifies photovoltaic (PV)-powered electrodialysis (ED) as an energy and cost-effective means of desalinating groundwater in rural India and presents the design requirements for a village-level system. Saline ...

  19. On Managing Texas Rural Water Supply Systems: A Socioeconomic Analysis and Quality Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, R.N.

    . The study uses a set of indicators to identify effectiveness and efficiency of rural water projects. Such measures for analysis and appraisal of these projects may contribute to more informed and intelligent planning for the future. The study is also...

  20. Rural recycling in southeast Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lariviere, R. (Prowers County Development, Inc., Lamar, CO (United States))

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes a recycling effort developed for rural southeast Colorado. The program was inspired and manned by local volunteers and based on a drop-off method used in Europe. The topics of the article include getting started, funding, problems encountered, level of participation, and estimated savings in waste collection and landfilling fees.

  1. Compliance of the CERN electronics used by the LHC Cryogenic System with the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Norm IEC 61000 4-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casas, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the ITER-CERN collaboration agreement, task “PROCUREMENT OF CRYOGENIC THERMOMETERS TO MONITOR ITER MAGNETS AND FEEDER TEMPERATURES”, CERN is recommending the use by ITER of LHC like electronics for the temperature channels. ITER require that any electronic equipment shall be qualified according to the standard IEC 61000 4-4 that refers to the Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques, Section 4: Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test (EFT/B). This document describes the qualification procedure and the results for the LHC like temperature measurement chains according to the procedures described in the standard.

  2. Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions to the EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    NUCLEAR PHYSICS A Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions November 1995; revised 30 July 1996 Abstract We revise the conventional nuclear effects of Fermi motion for an interacting Fermi sea and the local density approximation to translate results from nuclear matter to finite

  3. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  4. Simple qualitative description of EMC ratios {mu}{sup A} for 0.2 < or approx. x < or approx. 1.5 and some sample calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinat, A.S.; Taragin, M.F.; Viviani, M. [Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Particle Physics, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); INFN, Sezione Pisa and Phys. Dept., University of Pisa, I-56100 (Italy)

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study EMC ratios on the basis of a relation between structure functions (SF) for a nucleus and for a nucleon, which is governed by a SF f{sup PN,A}(x,Q{sup 2}) of an unphysical nucleus, composed of point nucleons (PN). We demonstrate that the characteristic features of EMC ratios {mu}{sup A} are determined by the above f{sup PN,A} and the SF of free nucleons. We account for the positions of the points x{sub 1,2} in the interval 0.2 < or approx. x < or approx. 0.9, where {mu}{sup A}(x,Q{sup 2})=1 and also for the minimum x{sub m} in that interval. We similarly describe the oscillations in {mu}{sup A} for Q{sup 2} < or approx. 3.5-4.0 GeV{sup 2} in the quasielastic peak region 0.95 < or approx. x < or approx. 1.05 and for its subsequent continuous increase up to x{approx_equal}1.4. Finally we compute {mu}{sup A} over the entire range above for A= {sup 4}He, C, Fe, and Au and several Q{sup 2} values. The results are in reasonable agreement with both directly measured and indirectly extracted data.

  5. Postsecondary Completion in Rural Texas: A Statewide Overview 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shuyu; Hall, Taylor R.; Jackson, Candace A.; Liu, Xiaodan; Morin, Zach; Sargent, Orsi T.; Steere, Vladislav S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    statewide rural definition that captures the different levels of “rural.” Doing so may also allow a more precise look at the education pipeline from K-12 to postsecondary to identify students who are missing the completion opportunity. Rural Student Barriers...

  6. ICTs and Rural Development in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Sustainable Fiscal Policy for India: An Internationalareas for policy attention. ICTs and India’s Development –policy aspects of providing rural ICTs in India –

  7. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  8. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  9. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector...

  10. Rural Enterprise Assistance Project's Loan Program (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Enterprise Assistance Project (REAP) offers four services: financing (micro loans), business training, technical assistance, and networking. REAP's Loan Program focuses on providing...

  11. Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Missouri Rural Economic Stimulus Act (MORESA) provides financial incentives for public infrastructure for the development of a renewable fuel production facility or eligible new generation...

  12. The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of the Costs and Benefits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Welfare Impact of Rural...

  13. agroindustria rural del: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rural areas, has been difficult to achieve. It is essential to convince everyone in rural India that educating himself, children, parents, and even neighborhoods must be. One...

  14. algunas comunidades rurales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rural areas, has been difficult to achieve. It is essential to convince everyone in rural India that educating himself, children, parents, and even neighborhoods must be. One...

  15. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  16. Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs' Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities...

  17. Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community November 6, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

  18. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Promote Rural Electrification and a Sustainable Supply of Domestic Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Senegal-GTZ Programme to promote rural electrification and a sustainable...

  19. Better rural churches through architectural planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, K. Frank

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reoreation snd fun servicesc but also foX Washday Set'Witise related to the rural ~ty and farm ]ising, is a prelinLinaxy investigation of tbe problems concerning rural ehuroh arehitsoturec a surcey wae ~ during the Spring of 19H? The general ~ of tbe...

  20. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  1. Ciencias de la Salud Fundacin Caja Rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Ciencias de la Salud Fundación Caja Rural de Granada VIIIOrganizan Colaboran Para mas información Fundación Caja Rural de Granada decidió otorgar el premio al trabajo "Identificación de un nuevo Gen, CD247 en el desarrollo de la enfermedad, lo que permitirá encontrar nuevos tratamientos capaces de mejorar

  2. Migrant Organization and Hometown Impacts in Rural Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jonathan A; Bada, Xochitl

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural roads Feeder roads Health centre Regional development planning Irrigation works Electrification

  3. Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans 2008 Nebraska Rural Poll that they understand the issue of global climate change either fairly or very well. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe climate change is already happening. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe that our actions contribute

  4. Entre el estado y el mercado: Perspectivas para un desarrollo rural autonomo en el campo mexicano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Jonathan A; Gordillo, Gustavo

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CÊlìfù tudios clel Desarrollo Rural/Centro de Ðnseñanza,el proceso dc desarrollo rural cambiando sus términos deiniciativas ¡tropias cle desarrollo rural. ¿Qué significan

  5. Factors associated with compliance among users of solar water disinfection in rural Bolivia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water disinfection in rural Bolivia. BMC Public Health 2011childhood diarrhoea in rural Bolivia: a cluster-randomized,disinfection in rural Bolivia Andri Christen 1,2 , Gonzalo

  6. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  7. Rural Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This credit can be applied to taxes due on (state) gross receipts, corporate income, or personal income tax.  Rural New Mexico is defined as any part of the state other than Los Alamos County;...

  8. Better rural churches through architectural planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, K. Frank

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this ...

  9. CSR AND THE RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CHALLENGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joss, Kristina

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    renewable energy for rural electrification in the least developed countries. Using first hand interviews with industry experts to support academic literature and policy report analysis, this dissertation argues that corporations are a necessary tool...

  10. Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cities, counties, or several contiguous counties in Oregon can set up Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones. The zone can only cover territory outside of the urban growth boundary of any large...

  11. USDA Rural Small Business Connection Event

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will host Rural Small Business Connections, providing small businesses with networking sessions and opportunities to build capacity and do business with USDA and other Federal agencies.

  12. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 of the Water Resources

  13. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

  14. Integrated farm sustainability assessment for the environmental management of rural activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stachetii Rodrigues, Geraldo, E-mail: stacheti@cnpma.embrapa.b [Embrapa Labex Europe, Agropolis International, Avenue Agropolis, 34394, Montpellier (France); Aparecida Rodrigues, Izilda, E-mail: isis@cnpma.embrapa.b [Environmental Management Laboratory, Embrapa Environment, Rodovia SP340, km 127.5, Jaguariuna (SP), CEP 13820-000 (Brazil); Almeida Buschinelli, Claudio Cesar de, E-mail: buschi@cnpma.embrapa.b [Environmental Management Laboratory, Embrapa Environment, Rodovia SP340, km 127.5, Jaguariuna (SP), CEP 13820-000 (Brazil); Barros, Inacio de, E-mail: indebarros@antilles.inra.f [INRA, Unite de Recherche Agropedoclimatique da la Zone Caraibe, Domaine Duclos, 97170 Petit-Bourg (France)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Farmers have been increasingly called upon to respond to an ongoing redefinition in consumers' demands, having as a converging theme the search for sustainable production practices. In order to satisfy this objective, instruments for the environmental management of agricultural activities have been sought out. Environmental impact assessment methods are appropriate tools to address the choice of technologies and management practices to minimize negative effects of agricultural development, while maximizing productive efficiency, sound usage of natural resources, conservation of ecological assets and equitable access to wealth generation means. The 'system for weighted environmental impact assessment of rural activities' (APOIA-NovoRural) presented in this paper is organized to provide integrated farm sustainability assessment according to quantitative environmental standards and defined socio-economic benchmarks. The system integrates sixty-two objective indicators in five sustainability dimensions - (i) Landscape ecology, (ii) Environmental quality (atmosphere, water and soil), (iii) Sociocultural values, (iv) Economic values, and (v) Management and administration. Impact indices are expressed in three integration levels: (i) specific indicators, that offer a diagnostic and managerial tool for farmers and rural administrators, by pointing out particular attributes of the rural activities that may be failing to comply with defined environmental performance objectives; (ii) integrated sustainability dimensions, that show decision-makers the major contributions of the rural activities toward local sustainable development, facilitating the definition of control actions and promotion measures; and (iii) aggregated sustainability index, that can be considered a yardstick for eco-certification purposes. Nine fully documented case studies carried out with the APOIA-NovoRural system, focusing on different scales, diverse rural activities/farming systems, and contrasting spatial/territorial contexts, attest to the malleability of the method and its applicability as an integrated farm environmental management tool.

  15. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way June 2, 2015 - 1:49pm Addthis The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from...

  16. Rural Electrification in India: Economic and Industrial Aspects of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cust, J; Singh, Anoop; Neuhoff, Karsten

    The paper assesses the demand for rural electricity services and contrasts it with the technology options available for rural electrification. Decentralised Distributed Generation can be economically viable as reflected by case studies reported...

  17. Rural Community-Based Energy Development Act (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This act aims to create new rural economic development opportunities through rural community-based energy development. The act supports C-BED wind development projects, which are defined as...

  18. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantees

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development issues periodic Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP). The deadline to apply for...

  19. Postsecondary Completion in Rural Texas: A Statewide Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shuyu; Hall, Taylor R.; Jackson, Candace A.; Liu, Xiaodan; Morin, Zach; Sargent, Orsi T.; Steere, Vladislav S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    completion in Rural Texas. Using a mixed methods approach, the capstone studied institutional, attitudinal, and academic barriers that impede rural students from pursuing and obtaining a postsecondary credential. Why should policymakers and stakeholders focus...

  20. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  1. Women, Work and Household Electrification in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    v Women, Work and Household Electrification in Rural India We must not believe, certainly electrification in rural India, the answer, it seems, would clearly point in a particular direction. On the one, that in the event of full electrification at the household level, rural women stand to be most affected in terms

  2. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  3. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  4. WORKING PAPER N 2008 -73 Educational programs in rural Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 73 Educational programs in rural Nepal: Peer communication and information ­ ÉCOLE NORMALE SUPÉRIEURE halshs-00585981,version1-14Apr2011 #12;Educational Programs in Rural Nepal concentrate on three rural villages in Nepal where an educational radio program about family planning

  5. Incomes of Rural Families in Northeast Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern, John H.; Hendrix, W. E.

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summary i This study deals on a sample basis with the income levels, income sources and farm and human re- source characteristics of the 88,000 rural open-country families in a 24-county area of Northeast Texas. ) Low levels of living... mainly from small-scale crop to s~all- scale livestock farming. In 1955, 49,000 of the area's rural families were farm families and 39,000 were nonfarm families, or 55 percent and 45 percent, respectively. However, 21 percent of all farmers were full...

  6. Planning Rural Fire Protection for Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Jack L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and shall have full authority to carry out the objects of their creation and to that end are authorized to acquire, purchase, hold, lease, manage, occupy and sell real and personal property or any interest therein; to enter into and to perform any and all... to make fire protection feasible, the citizens of the rural area must organize their own fire department to protect their property and their lives. ORGANIZING A FIRE PROTECTION PROGRAM Before planning can begin, a community must determine whether rural...

  7. Rural migration in the western states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freiwald, J.G.; Poster, B.R.; Olinger, C.; Aragon, P.C.; Buslee, P.L.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid rural growth rate since 1970 in 14 western states (Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming) was stimulated by recreation, resource development, manufacturing, commuting, institutional employment, and retirement. The eight Rocky Mountain States had significantly greater rural growth than the six Great Plains States. Other factors correlated with in-migration are population growth during the 1960's, presence of an interstate highway, adjacency to a metropolitan area, high per capita income, high population density, and absence of rural farm population. The presence of a central city with a population of over 20,000 or of a military base does not appear to be significantly related to net in-migration. An overview of regional growth patterns and of the factors related to rural in-migration is included, followed by an examination of these factors for each of the counties that experienced high in-migration in the 14 states.

  8. Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe Centre Annual Management Meeting Fortaleza, July ­ 2004 #12;2 B-REED policy support · B-REED should perform three policy support activities for local/state/federal governments. · Although small in nature

  9. Preparing for the Challenges The Rural South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    (excluding Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands) Environmental Agencies and Agriculture and Waste-Related Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A&M University 21st Century No. 15, December 2000 & 2000 agriculture in the rural South has gradually shifted from small animal feeding operations (A.Os) to highly

  10. Turkish Trailblazer: Boosting Rural Areas through Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    Çokgezen Reviewed by · Aline Kraemer Sector · Consumer Products Enterprise Class · Large Domestic Company her company and the economic and social welfare of rural areas of Turkey. To achieve success, Ms production units in impoverished parts of Turkey in six years. Hey Textile's investment has improved

  11. Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico Gil Gonzales, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 E mail: gonzgil@unm.edu Background UNM students enjoy the country do. New Mexico is also home to two national laboratories in Los Alamos (Los Alamos National

  12. Medium Effects in Parton Distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Detmold, Huey-Wen Lin

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A defining experiment of high-energy physics in the 1980s was that of the EMC collaboration where it was first observed that parton distributions in nuclei are non-trivially related to those in the proton. This result implies that the presence of the nuclear medium plays an important role and an understanding of this from QCD has been an important goal ever since Here we investigate analogous, but technically simpler, effects in QCD and examine how the lowest moment of the pion parton distribution is modified by the presence of a Bose-condensed gas of pions or kaons.

  13. New Measurements of the European Muon Collaboration Effect in Very Light Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seely, J.; Clasie, B. [Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States); Daniel, A.; Bukhari, M. H. S.; Hungerford, E.; Kalantarians, N.; Rodriguez, V. M. [University of Houston, Houston, Texas (United States); Gaskell, D.; Bosted, P.; Bruell, A.; Ent, R.; Fenker, H.; Jones, M. K.; Lung, A. F.; Meekins, D. G.; Roche, J.; Smith, G. R.; Vulcan, W. F.; Wood, S. A. [Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory, Newport News, Virginia (United States); Arrington, J. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (United States)

    2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    New Jefferson Lab data are presented on the nuclear dependence of the inclusive cross section from {sup 2}H, {sup 3}He, {sup 4}He, {sup 9}Be and {sup 12}C for 0.3EMC effect for {sup 3}He at large x and a significant improvement for {sup 4}He. The data do not support previous A-dependent or density-dependent fits to the EMC effect and suggest that the nuclear dependence of the quark distributions may depend on the local nuclear environment.

  14. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    household in India’s rural  electrification policy.  Oxford equitable access to rural electrification: current thinking Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of 

  15. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de Agricultura, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación.TLCAN) sobre el desarrollo rural: Red Colombiana de AcciónGanadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA –

  16. Nuclear effects in deep inelastic scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O. Benhar; V.R. Pandharipande; I. Sick

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors extend the approach used to treat quasi-elastic inclusive electron-nucleus scattering to the deep inelastic region. They provide a general approach to describe lepton scattering from an off-shell nucleon, and calculate the ratio of inclusive deep inelastic scattering cross sections to the deuteron for nuclear matter and helium (EMC-effect). They find that the consistent inclusion of the binding effects, in particular the ones arising from the short-range nucleon-nucleon interaction, allows to describe the data in the region of x > 0.15 where binding fully accounts for the deviation of the cross section ratios from one.

  17. Final Report for Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan Innis; Randy Udall; Project Officer - Keith Bennett

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Final Report for ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop: Innovative Economic Approaches for Rural America'': This project, ''Harvesting a New Wind Crop'', helped stimulate wind development by rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities in Colorado. To date most of the wind power development in the United States has been driven by large investor-owned utilities serving major metropolitan areas. To meet the 5% by 2020 goal of the Wind Powering America program the 2,000 municipal and 900 rural electric cooperatives in the country must get involved in wind power development. Public power typically serves rural and suburban areas and can play a role in revitalizing communities by tapping into the economic development potential of wind power. One barrier to the involvement of public power in wind development has been the perception that wind power is more expensive than other generation sources. This project focused on two ways to reduce the costs of wind power to make it more attractive to public power entities. The first way was to develop a revenue stream from the sale of green tags. By selling green tags to entities that voluntarily support wind power, rural coops and munis can effectively reduce their cost of wind power. Western Resource Advocates (WRA) and the Community Office for Resource Efficiency (CORE) worked with Lamar Light and Power and Arkansas River Power Authority to develop a strategy to use green tags to help finance their wind project. These utilities are now selling their green tags to Community Energy, Inc., an independent for-profit marketer who in turn sells the tags to consumers around Colorado. The Lamar tags allow the University of Colorado-Boulder, the City of Boulder, NREL and other businesses to support wind power development and make the claim that they are ''wind-powered''. This urban-rural partnership is an important development for the state of Colorado's rural communities get the economic benefits of wind power and urban businesses are able to claim the environmental benefits. The second method to reduce the cost of wind power we investigated involved access to cheap capital. Municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives have access to low-interest loan programs and frequently finance projects through the sale of revenue bonds, but we were interested in the possibility for small businesses and community banks to provide equity and debt for wind projects. We worked with Boulder Community Hospital to explore their interest in partnering with other businesses and individuals to help catalyze the first community-owned wind project in Colorado. We also met with and gained interest from the independent community banks for the idea of wind power. These small banks may be restricted by lending limits, but are an integral part of rural communities and are very interested in the economic development opportunities wind power presents for small towns. This project was successful in getting six rural electric cooperatives and municipal utilities to purchase more than 25 MW of wind power in Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraska. These utilities also announced plans to explore an additional 100 MW or more of wind power development over the next few years. Finally, munis and coops in New Mexico began exploring wind power by offering small green power programs to their customers. WRA believes the lessons learned from this project will assist other municipal utilities and rural electric cooperatives as they develop wind projects.

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - america rural economic Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Services for Rural Families." Prior to the recent economic crisis in the U... , health care reform and rural America, mental health and emotional well-being, the role of rural...

  19. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Desarrollo Económico y Social para el Área Urbana y Rural (Desarrollo Económico y Social para el Área Urbana y Rural (Rural Aqueducts) DNRM Decentralized natural resource management DP Design principle ECODES Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo (

  20. Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nedevschi, Sergiu; Surana, Sonesh; Du, Bowei; Patra, Rabin; Brewer, Eric; Stan, Victor

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    capital expen- diture (CapEx), ideal for rural areas whereadditional savings in CapEx. E STABLISHED T ECHNOLOGY CDMA

  1. Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    areas in developing nations. The report is a comprehensive collection of best practice case-studies in the use of renewable energy for rural electrification across the globe....

  2. Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation encourages the development of alternative energy projects using clean or renewable resources by rural electric membership corporations. The section establishes the Office of...

  3. Tri-National Agricultural Accord Rural Development Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    Tri-National Agricultural Accord Rural Development Workshop Overview of Canadian Provinces April 14. Structure Structures: Federal and provincial government organization Municipal / County Community / Regional

  4. Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries AgencyCompany...

  5. Columbia Rural Electric Association- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Rural Electric Association offers its residential customers a variety of rebates for the purchase of energy efficient equipment and measures. Eligible equipment includes efficient clothes...

  6. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  7. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes clothes...

  8. Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology Area Review Steve Kelley, NCSU Rick Gustafson, U of WA Elaine Oneil, CORRIM Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting & Processing Specific...

  9. al hospital rural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    health Hartman, Chris 2 Critical access hospitals (CAHs) are essential to rural health care and play an important role in its Engineering Websites Summary: - 1 -...

  10. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative- Solar Water Heater Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of rebates to commercial,...

  11. Does Agricultural Liberalization Reduce Rural Welfare in Less Developed Countries? The Case of CAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez Naude, Antonio; Jesurun-Clements, Nancy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    affect welfare in rural LDC households by depressing worldin high-income countries with LDC tariff reform, from thisinflicts damage on the LDC rural economy. More than two

  12. Prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: Options for home births in rural Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prata, Ndola; Holston, Martine; Potts, Malcolm

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Home Births in Rural Ethiopia N. Prata 1 *, A. Gessessewinterventions. In rural Tigray, Ethiopia, traditional birthCentral Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro. 2006.

  13. Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustillos, Brenda Diane

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  14. Tegola tiered mesh network testbed in rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo; Buneman, Peter; Marina, Mahesh

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many rural and remote communities around the world see themselves on the wrong side of the digital divide. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that there is a growing digital divide between urban and rural areas in terms of broadband...

  15. Economic changes and afforestation incentives in rural China Sylvie Dmurger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Economic changes and afforestation incentives in rural China Sylvie Démurger HIEBS of this paper is to examine the forces that shape the afforestation incentives of rural economic agents and Economics (Beijing) Corresponding author: Sylvie Démurger HK Institute of Economics & Business Strategy

  16. Introduction Approximately 40% of rural Ethiopia (WaterAid, 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Introduction Approximately 40% of rural Ethiopia (WaterAid, 2010) lacks access to clean water for water pumping is one alternative in the rural areas of Ethiopia since most of the population has technologies for water pumping in Ethiopia and especially in Amhara Region is limited. The promotion

  17. Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Wireless Networks in Rural Areas: Challenges and Solutions Shen Wan April 25, 2009 Abstract In this thesis proposal, we discuss the current limitations and chal- lenges in wireless networks, especially in rural, remote or areas with rough terrains. Although traditional wireless networking technologies have

  18. Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia and Sustainable Development The Earth Institute at Columbia University www.earth.columbia.edu #12;Scaling up attempt to address two key questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up of rural services

  19. TERRITORIALIZACIN E IDENTIDADES EN EL ESPACIO RURAL Hernn SALAS QUINTANAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    TERRITORIALIZACIÓN E IDENTIDADES EN EL ESPACIO RURAL Hernán SALAS QUINTANAL Doctor en Antropología en la concepción del espacio y el manejo del territorio rural, en los cuales se articulan identidades acuerdo a intereses particulares y metodologías contrapuestas unas a otras; de modo que su desarrollo fue

  20. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  1. Measuring the poverty reduction potential of land in rural Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Measuring the poverty reduction potential of land in rural Mexico Frederico Finan, Elisabeth debate on the role of land as an instrument for poverty reduction, we analyze the conditions under which access to land reduces poverty in Mexican rural communities. Semi-parametric regression results show

  2. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  3. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,AlleghanyAlliance forRural

  4. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofittingFundA l iRural Cooperative Geothermal

  5. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,EagaAboutDeployment Activities PrintableRural

  6. Lyon Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to: navigation,LushuiLyme, NewLyon Rural Electric

  7. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWaranaWaterEnergyWeeklyWelivitWells Rural

  8. Club for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew York: Energy Resources JumpClover SolarClub for Rural

  9. Benton Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources of Funding: CaseBenton Rural

  10. Tideland EMC- Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tideland Electric Membership Cooperative (TEMC) is an electric cooperative that serves customers in Craven, Dare, Washington, Pamlico, Beaufort and Hyde counties. Home, farm and business owners...

  11. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

  12. Lithium Ethylene Dicarbonate Identified as the Primary Product ofChemical and Electrochemical Reduction of EC in EC:EMC/1.2M LiPF6Electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang, Guorong V.; Xu, Kang; Yang, Hui; Jow, T. Richard; RossJr., Philip N.

    2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium ethylene dicarbonate (CH2OCO2Li)2 was chemically synthesized and its Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrum was obtained and compared with that of surface films formed on Ni after cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 1.2M lithium hexafluorophosphate(LiPF6)/ethylene carbonate (EC): ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) (3:7, w/w) electrolyte and on metallic lithium cleaved in-situ in the same electrolyte. By comparison of IR experimental spectra with that of the synthesized compound, we established that the title compound is the predominant surface species in both instances. Detailed analysis of the IR spectrum utilizing quantum chemical (Hartree-Fock) calculations indicates that intermolecular association through O...Li...O interactions is very important in this compound. It is likely that the title compound in passivation layer has a highly associated structure, but the exact intermolecular conformation could not be established based on analysis of the IR spectrum.

  13. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595 to, NEPA and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). #12;

  14. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4347; hereinafter "NEPA") and Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution

  15. La servidumbre por deuda en el mbito rural del sur de la India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , programas de desarrollo Debt-bondage in Rural South India The article explores how migrant rural workers4 83 La servidumbre por deuda en el ámbito rural del sur de la India David Picherit David Picherit trabajadores rurales migrantes en el sur de la India negocian y conciben el endeudamiento en un contexto de

  16. Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operat

  17. Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freig pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation ope

  18. http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    http://tti.tamu.edu Multi-modal Transportation > Highway Transportation > Trucking > Railroad transportation > Public transit > Rural transportation > Rural transit > Freight pipeline transportation >>> Transportation operat > Freight traffic > Commodities > Travel time > Travel demand > http

  19. USDA Rural Community Development Initiative | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Community Development Initiative November 12, 2014 9:00PM EST U.S. Department of Agriculture The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Housing Service is seeking...

  20. Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya Katherine L. Baldwin community of Central Kenya, we regressed household offtake rate of both cattle and smallstock against in Kenya. Because pastoralist economies depend almost exclusively upon livestock production, most recent

  1. Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Rebate Program (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Butler Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates for geothermal heat pumps, dual fuel heating systems, and water heaters. A $1,200 rebate is available to residential members that install a new...

  2. Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Butler Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc. provides low interest loans (3.5%) for members to make energy efficiency improvements in eligible homes. There is a $15 application fee for all loans plus...

  3. The Rural Opportunity Initiative Enhanced Job Tax Credit (Tennessee)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Opportunity Initiative Enhanced Job Tax Credit program provides enhanced job tax credits to businesses locating or expanding in certain Tennessee counties considered Tier 2 or Tier 3...

  4. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of rebates to residential customers....

  5. QER- Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please find attached additional comments from the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA). Thank you for the opportunity to participate. If you have questions or need additional information, please do not hesitate to contact me.

  6. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative- Agricultural Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of equipment rebates to agricultural...

  7. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of rebates to residential customers....

  8. Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Designing Robotic Artifacts: Rural School-Community Collaboration for Learning Claudia Urrea MIT of robotic artifacts and the use of other digital technologies can enhance student learning, while also artifact-be it a robot,

  9. Fuelwood Use by Rural Households in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox-Moore, Kellie J.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuelwood is an important source of domestic energy in rural regions of Brazil. In the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, native species from the Atlantic Forest are an important source of fuelwood, supplemented by wood from eucalyptus and coffee...

  10. Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serrano, Katrina 1983-

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children’s risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers...

  11. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy products. The goal of this initiative is to enhance quality of life and reduce poverty in rural areas of that region by offering an alternative to current fossil fuel based...

  12. NEJC: "Rural Development: Access to Justice and Access to Opportunities"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Description: This workshop will focus on understanding the programs of Rural Development (RD) and how a new generation of committed leaders and experts is needed to continue the contribution these...

  13. adult rural african: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Center 25 CAN SOLAR-BIOGAS HYBRID SYSTEMS BE THE SOLUTION TO SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SUPPLY IN RURAL AREAS? CiteSeer Summary: Access to modern energy services is a...

  14. The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinefelter, Danny A.

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Farm income in 2009 will likely decline from previous years, and the value of rural land is likely to flatten out also. Producers need to increase their emphasis on financial and risk management....

  15. adult rural population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: or...

  16. analysis eletrificacao rural: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: the current spectrum of state and local media in its coverage of health care reform help the implementation of reform in rural health policy?; 4. Better able to...

  17. Land Reallocation Reform in Rural China: A Behavioral Economics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Lei; Bao, Helen X. H.; Jiang, Yan

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    in 9 The 2008 and 2010 surveys were conducted jointly by the Rural Development Institute, Renmin University of China, and Michigan State University. 10 The survey sampling consisted of two stages. In the first stage, 17 provinces were selected... Based on five surveys conducted by Renmin University of China (RUC) and Rural Development Institute (RDI) in the US. 5 The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. The development of the theoretical framework and testable hypotheses...

  18. Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Helene

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    in the West had higher rates of alcohol abuse and suicide, rural residents who lived in the Northeast had higher rates of total tooth loss. Rural health care continues to face numerous challenges in the areas of access, diversity, and a constantly growing... strong after controlling for age, education, marital status, physician’s health rating, dieting for medical reasons, use of psychiatric medicines, cigarette smoking, and use of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine. They did not provide specific data...

  19. 12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership -Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 5http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/02/sports/02club.html?_r=1&th=&emc=th&pagewanted=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Elizabeth

    12/2/08 11:41 AMOpen Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success Membership - Rise of College Club Teams Creates a Whole New Level of Success - NYTimes.com Page 2 of 5http=&emc=th&pagewanted=print Open Membership Playing for the Love of the Sport December 2, 2008 OPEN MEMBERSHIP Rise of College Club

  20. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the “right sized” harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  1. Effective Mass and Energy-Mass Relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viktor Ariel

    2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The particle effective mass is often a challenging concept in solid state physics due to the many different definitions of the effective mass that are routinely used. Also, the most commonly used theoretical definition of the effective mass was derived from the assumption of a parabolic energy-momentum relationship, E(p), and therefore should not be applied to non-parabolic materials. In this paper, we use wave-particle duality to derive a definition of the effective mass and the energy-mass approximation suitable for non-parabolic materials. The new energy-mass relationship can be considered a generalization of Einstein's E=mc^2 suitable for arbitrary E(p) and therefore applicable to solid state materials and devices. We show that the resulting definition of the effective mass seems suitable for non-paraboic solid state materials such as HgCdTe, GaAs, and graphene.

  2. AFBC power systems for rural villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, N.L. Jr. [Doyon Ltd., Fairbanks, AK (United States); Bonk, D.L. [Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States). Morgantown Energy Technology Center; DeLallo, M.R. Jr. [Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Reading, PA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A project definition study was completed for a 500 kWe to 1 MWe FBC power plant for electrical and process heat production in a remote Alaskan application. The plant will utilize advanced atmospheric fluidized bed combustion technology as the primary steam generator co-firing an Alaskan subbituminous coal, local limestone and municipal solid waste. To develop FBC performance characteristics for input to the performance modeling and project definition study, test firing of Little Tonzona coal and McGrath limestone in an atmospheric fluidized bed combustor of a scale suitable for incorporation into a small power plant facility was completed. The test data generated includes primary emissions analyses, bed and fly ash analyses, and test unit operational conditions (pressure, bed height, gas velocity and bed temperature). Combustion efficiency as carbon conversion, SO{sub 2} removal efficiency, and limestone utilization were then estimated from the above data. To ensure site conditions would model those found in Alaska, the town of McGrath, Alaska in the region of the upper Kushokwim river valley was selected as a potential plant site. McGrath, like many remote Alaskan villages is dependent upon costly oil-fired diesel power generation and annual subsidy payment from the State of Alaska, through the Power Cost Equalization Program (PCE), to provide village residents with affordable electricity. In the near future rural village utilities will be faced with increased cost of electricity due to transportation, handling, and storage costs of diesel fuel and reduction of funds from the PCE.

  3. A cross-sectional study of the prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in rural Nepali women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and risk factors for hypertension in rural Nepali women. BMCHe J: Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwideNeupane RP: Prevalence of hypertension in a rural community

  4. Does Natural Resource Extraction Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural Mexico and a Lacandona Rainforest Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoMitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural MexicoBootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures’,

  5. DOE WINDExchange Webinar: Rural Energy for America Program 2014 Farm Bill

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February, Congress passed a new Farm Bill that includes an Energy Title. The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to farmers, ranchers, and rural small...

  6. A Resource Kit for Participatory Socio-technical Design in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    A Resource Kit for Participatory Socio-technical Design in Rural Kenya Abstract We describe our, initially in two rural villages in Kenya. Mobile technologies are employed to bridge remote sensor networks

  7. "Table HC8.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by UrbanRural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Space Heating...

  8. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  9. RURAL HEALTH OUTREACH PROGRAM (RHOP) "Helping Nurses 2011-2012 ANNUAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    of Rural Health Clinics (TARHC) and East and West Texas Area Health Education Centers (AHEC) Assisted cities, throughout rural Texas, to host RHOP regional CNE programs Collaborations continued with Texas Organization of Rural and Community Hospitals (TORCH), Texas Hospital Association (THA), Texas Association

  10. SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH for providing environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341). Compliance with all applicable environmental laws and regulations

  11. Potential of distributed wood-based biopower systems serving basic electricity needs in rural Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    October 2009 Revised 8 January 2010 Accepted 9 January 2010 Keywords: Rural electrification Gasification supply. Although virtually non-existent, rural electrification is receiving very little attentionPotential of distributed wood-based biopower systems serving basic electricity needs in rural

  12. Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina Marqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Freight logistics services for rural economies: User needs and future challenges Angela Cristina requirements for logistics and transport services of small and micro rural businesses. This paper explores for the logistics requirements of rural businesses calls for intelligent software platforms that provide solutions

  13. Removal of Barriers to the Use of Renewable Energy Sources for Rural Electrification in Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    in Latin America, a series of interviews with different agents involved in the rural electrificationRemoval of Barriers to the Use of Renewable Energy Sources for Rural Electrification in Chile Forcano 2 Removal of Barriers to the Use of Renewable Energy Sources for Rural Electrification in Chile

  14. Effective Rural ITS Outreach: The California Program for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGowen, Patrick

    stakeholder involvement methods, and examples of how the Western Transportation Institute (WTI), Montana State were prioritized to local conditions, WTI and Caltrans conducted a of pilot workshop. Based

  15. Imaginaire et dveloppement des rseaux techniques. Les apports de l'histoire de l'lectrification rurale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for rural electrification did not stand to reason. Rather it rested on the "modernizing imaginaire electrification and electrical agriculture, and that electrification could check rural emigration. Mots-clés Electrification rurale. Modernisation. Imaginaire. Histoire. Etats-Unis d'Amérique. France. Keywords Rural

  16. I-Slate, Ethnomathematics and Rural Education Krishna Palem#1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooney, Vincent

    I-Slate, Ethnomathematics and Rural Education Krishna Palem#1 , Al Barr%2 , Avinash Lingamneni^3 as the first test focussing on grades 1-5. Driving the I-Slate design are the pioneering principles trading off. To respond to this challenge, we propose an interactive and intelligent I-Slate that on one hand is very

  17. I-Slate, Ethnomathematics and Rural Education Krishna Palem#1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I-Slate, Ethnomathematics and Rural Education Krishna Palem#1 , Al Barr%2 , Avinash Lingamneni^3 of electronics for energy is at the heart of probabilistic hardware design and drives the design of I-Slate books! To respond to this challenge, we propose an interactive and intelligent I-Slate that on one hand

  18. Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India Nirupam Bajpai, Ravindra H. Dholakia and Jeffrey and Sustainable Development The Earth Institute at Columbia University www.earth.columbia.edu #12;Scaling up Abstract We attempt to address two key questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up

  19. Growing Up in Scotland: Growing Up in Rural Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Lynn; Bradshaw, Paul; Ormston, Rachel

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report uses data from the Growing up in Scotland ( GUS) study to explore what is distinctive about growing up in rural, remote and small-town Scotland in comparison with urban Scotland. Findings are based on the first sweep of GUS, which...

  20. dentAl hygiene College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    dentAl hygiene College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College 907. The dental hygiene AAS degree is a three-year program with one year of prerequisite science and general education courses and two years of course work in dental hygiene. The program prepares graduates clinically

  1. AutoMotive technology College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    to become an entry-level automotive tech- nician. The automotive service industry is constantly changingAutoMotive technology College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College 907-455-2932 www.ctc.uaf.edu/programs/Automotive/ certificate Minimum Requirements for Certificate: 34

  2. The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinefelter, Danny A.

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    use. When a market is Danny Klinfelter* E-550 3/09 The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values Agriculture and the 2008 Credit Crisis in equilibrium, only the top producers would actually earn a profit through superior management, while...

  3. Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part of rural America’s energy future. Unlike the more common biofuel derived from corn, these are non-food/feed based cellulosic feedstocks, and the energy content of the biomass makes it ideal for converting to sustainable fuel.

  4. Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring J. C. MARECHAL A,D , S.marechal@brgm.fr (corresponding author) B National Geophysical Research Institute, Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research-French Centre for Groundwater Research, National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad

  5. Livability Principle National Rural Transit Livability Performance Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for future growth, including making smart energy choices such as locally generated renewable energy. Enhance potentially lowering the combined cost of housing and transportation expenses. Rural transit supports and productive. Measure Local Operating Investment per Operating Expense Ridership* per Index of Transit Need

  6. Economic impact of emerging rural agribusiness centers: the cooperative linkage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuhrenberg, Stephen Blaine

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the states of Texas, 10 Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and Kansas as a base for defining and measuring agribusiness center growth. In each state, regions were selected for analysis based on agriculture as a dominant economic activity. Counties within a... of this study was to determine the economic impacts of current and emerging rural business centers on cooperatives in the Texas High Plains and vice versa. The study determines the impact of cooperative business activity on a county's agribusiness center...

  7. Deforestation and Rural Society in the Nepalese Terai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEFORESTATION AND RURAL SOCIETY IN THE NEPALESE TERAI Rishikeshab Raj Regmi Nepal lies between India in the south and China in the north. It is a land­ locked country in the Himalayan region with a surface area of 147,181 square kilometres... had a negative impact on the environmenL Themost observable current environmental issues and problems are deforestation, soil erosion, landslides, uncenain rainfall and the pressure of the growing population. These issues have not only created 72...

  8. Economic Analysis of Wastewater Treatment Alternatives in Rural Texas Communities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victurine, Raymond F.; Goodwin, H.L. Jr; Lacewell, Ronald D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )C \\245.7 73 ).l'la\\ J :--7:...---_- r----'??-=--=--::------. I UElRAH ! MAY 16 1985 Texas A&M University Economic Analysis of J. Wastewater Treatment Alternatives IN RURAL TEXAS COMMUNITIES B-1491 January 1985 The Texas Agricultural..., Gary Lightsey, and Charles Hart from the Farmers Home Administration in Temple, Texas, also deserve a special vote of thanks. They provided an orientation to the economics of treatment plant investment. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT...

  9. Competition between small business and rural electic and telephone cooperatives in nonutility business. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study concludes that while the diversification into nonutility activities by the Rural Electric Cooperatives and the Rural Telephone Cooperatives has been expanding, the regulatory activities by the Rural Electrification Administration and the state public utility commissions have been inadequate to guard against cross-subsidization. In fact, there generally exist no data to identify and investigate illegal cross-subsidization activities of cooperatives. Increasing the regulatory functions of state public utility commissions and the REA was recommended.

  10. Design Strategies and Preliminary Prototype for a Low-Cost Arsenic Removal System for Rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Qazi, Shefah; Agogino, Alice M.

    2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA -- Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash -- that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to removearsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  11. Deregulating 'the rural'; threatening land management regime. Experiences of space in the Tuscan countryside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orsini, Stefano

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research the relationships between landownership and the use of rural land are investigated and analyzed through an empirical study, conducted in Tuscany, which was based on interviews with landowners. Through the development of farmers' typologies, the results highlight a general process of decoupling form land, which appears through disinvestments in farming activity and changing the intended uses of rural land and buildings. The dynamic of liberalization (and urbanization) of rural space arises challenges to the future of land management system, which seems to be going to suffer a radical restructuring. Another relevant and connected issue emerges by this case study, that is the volatility of rural land development practices.

  12. Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Offered by 12 Utilities)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Central Iowa Power Cooperative (CIPCO) is a generation and transmission cooperative serving 12 rural electric cooperatives (REC) and one municipal electric cooperative in the state of Iowa....

  13. Telemedicine Provision Centers and Reproductive Age Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Terrence Quock-Kit

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Franchising of Health Services in Low-Income Countries."1997). "Utilization of health services among rural women inAnalyzing Access to Health Services. GIS and Public Health.

  14. Rural Adolescent Health: An Analysis of Health Status, Access to Care and Utilization of Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frankel, Eric D

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to posthospital home health services: differences betweenet al. , Poverty, health services, and health status inthe need for mental health services in rural areas. Am J

  15. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arsenic in drinking water is a major public health problem threatening the lives of over 140 million people worldwide. In Bangladesh alone, up to 57 million people drink arsenic-laden water from shallow wells. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation(ECAR) overcomes many of the obstacles that plague current technologies and can be used affordably and on a small-scale, allowing for rapid dissemination into Bangladesh to address this arsenic crisis. In this work, ECAR was shown to effectively reduce 550 - 580 mu g=L arsenic (including both As[III]and As[V]in a 1:1 ratio) to below the WHO recommended maximum limit of 10 mu g=L in synthetic Bangladesh groundwater containing relevant concentrations of competitive ions such as phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate. Arsenic removal capacity was found to be approximately constant within certain ranges of current density, but was found to change substantially between ranges. In order of decreasing arsenic removal capacity, the pattern was: 0.02 mA=cm2> 0.07 mA=cm2> 0.30 - 1.1 mA=cm2> 5.0 - 100 mA=cm2. Current processing time was found to effect arsenic removal capacity independent of either charge density or current density. Electrode polarization studies showed no passivation of the electrode in the tested range (up to current density 10 mA=cm2) and ruled out oxygen evolution as the cause of decreasing removal capacity with current density. Simple settling and decantation required approximately 3 days to achieve arsenic removal comparable to filtration with a 0.1 mu m membrane. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) showed that (1) there is no significant difference in the arsenic removal mechanism of ECAR during operation at different current densities and (2) the arsenic removal mechanism in ECAR is consistent with arsenate adsorption onto a homogenous Fe(III)oxyhydroxide similar in structure to 2-line ferrihydrite. ECAR effectively reduced high arsenic concentrations (100 - 500 mu g=L) in real Bangladesh tube well water collected from three regions to below the WHO limit of 10 mu g=L. Prototype fabrication and field testing are currently underway.

  16. Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    11 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China: Resources a reform agenda to alleviate rural poverty and improve environmental sustainability in China. It focuses on labor reform, suggesting reductions in the work week and providing incentives aimed at encouraging exit

  17. Research and Reality: Using Mobile Messages to Promote Maternal Health in Rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    Research and Reality: Using Mobile Messages to Promote Maternal Health in Rural India Divya for improving maternal health practices in rural India. Specifically, we investigate the use of mobile phone- nication Technology, India, Email: vivek goswami@daiict.ac.in. Canny is a professor at the University

  18. India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India 19602010: Structural Change, the Rural Nonfarm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture. The analytical work was also supported by Integrated Research and Development (IRADE), New Delhi, India for agriculture and rural development can nevertheless be achieved if government policy is supportive of the ways

  19. Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Seth Copen

    Fine-Grained Remote Monitoring, Control and Pre-Paid Electrical Service in Rural Microgrids Maxim microgrid deployment in rural Les Anglais, Haiti. The system consists of a three-tiered architecture,arthur}@earthsparkinternational.org Abstract--In this paper, we present the architecture, design and experiences from a wirelessly managed

  20. How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 communicate both within and between rural, suburban, and urban settings in Kenya. Our findings reveal the challenges that designers will face if creating or deploying family communication technologies in Kenya. ACM

  1. renewABle reSourceS College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    renewABle reSourceS College of Rural and Community Development Rural and Economic Development degree Minimum Requirements for Degree: 60 credits The renewable resources degree program is offered--Real Estate Law (3) and RD F256--Co-Management of Renewable Resources (3) or BIOL F271--Principles

  2. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    an ability to charge and enforce cost-reflective tariffs and when electricity consumption is closely linked and distribute electricity in rural areas (Government of Kenya, 2006). As an incentive measure, systems below 3Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

  3. Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Assessing Rural Transformations: Piloting a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia a Qualitative Impact Protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia James Copestake and Fiona Remnant Abstract This paper impact evaluation of NGO sponsored rural development projects in Malawi and Ethiopia. Two of the projects

  4. Scaling up Primary Health Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Health Sector Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaling up Primary Health Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Health two key questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up of rural services in the area of primary health, what will it cost financially and in terms of human resources to scale-up these services

  5. Scaling up Primary Education Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Scaling up Primary Education Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements questions in this paper: 1) In terms of state-wide scaling up of rural services in the area of primary education, what will it cost financially and in terms of human resources to scale-up these services in all

  6. DOES THE LOCAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT? SOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 DOES THE LOCAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT underlines the spatial transition of energy production relating to the spreading of wind turbines Europe. From a rural perspective, the spreading of wind energy parks is the comeback of energy production

  7. EL COLEGIO DE MICHOACAN, A.C. Centro de Estudios Rurales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : Una experiencia educativa entre indigenismo y desarrollo rural Dr. Philippe Schaffhauser MizziEL COLEGIO DE MICHOACAN, A.C. Centro de Estudios Rurales 1 VI Congreso Internacional del CEISAL (30 de junio - 3 de julio de 2010 ­ Université de Toulouse 2- Le Mirail) Simposio: "Desarrollo

  8. Quel futur pour Huitzilac, municipio rural aux portes de Mexico. Entre contraintes urbaines et environnementales.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    p. 1 Quel futur pour Huitzilac, municipio rural aux portes de Mexico. Entre contraintes urbaines et un municipio mexicain entre Mexico et Cuernavaca, dans l'Etat de Morelos. Très rural, ses principaux sur la chasse dite Ley Forestal y de Caza et sur le Plan Nacional de Desarrollo3 1983-88 pour la

  9. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles Bremner, J., D. López). Population, rural development, and land use among settler households in an agricultural frontier in Guatemala Lacandón. In Nuevas Perspectivas de Desarrollo Sostenible en Petén. Eds. J. Grunberg y S. Elias. Guatemala

  10. The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -) ) The SME boom in rural South Africa links to electricity and telephony Paper to be presented* In this study we investigate into determinants of households' small and micro enterprise (SME) activities suggest a doubled number of SME's in the country's deep rural areas between 1997 and 2004. A growing

  11. Poverty Reduction during the Rural-Urban Transformation -The Role of the Missing Middle *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Poverty Reduction during the Rural-Urban Transformation - The Role of the Missing Middle * Luc (rural diversification versus agglomeration in mega-cities) affects the rate of poverty reduction towns ) is strongly associated with poverty reduction, while expansion of mega-cities is not. Migration

  12. Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    1 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis not be regarded as the views of SRI or The University of Leeds. #12;3 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural The trend towards multi-dimensional poverty assessment ..................... 5 Principal component analysis

  13. Anti-poverty Programs Can Reduce Violence: India's Rural Employment Guarantee and Maoist Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Anti-poverty Programs Can Reduce Violence: India's Rural Employment Guarantee and Maoist Conflict of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), one of the world's largest anti-poverty programs rainfall shocks. The results provide new evidence that large-scale anti-poverty programs represent

  14. Poverty measurement, spatial prices, and public goods provision Theory and evidence from rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Poverty measurement, spatial prices, and public goods provision ­ Theory and evidence from rural India Anders Kjelsrud November, 2014 Abstract Official poverty estimates in India account for regional--meaning that a more simple poverty measurement regime that uses one common rural poverty line for every Indian state

  15. Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    Assessing Network Applications for Economic Development Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI Department of Electric Engineering MIT Media Laboratory- eDevelopment Group #12;SUSTAINABLE ACCESS IN RURAL) Project Pilot Phase Assessment ­ Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, India Professor Michael Best Director, eDevelopment

  16. Title: Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project Data Creator / Copyright Data Format: BIL, ASCII, Grid, Shapefile, CSV, XLS, E00 Datum / Map Projection: N/A Resolution: N Science Information Network (CIESIN). "Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project

  17. Aerosol acidity in rural New England: Temporal trends and source region analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Emily V.

    the dissociation of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) that condenses after forming via the gas phase oxidation of sulfurAerosol acidity in rural New England: Temporal trends and source region analysis L. D. Ziemba,1,2 E. Talbot (2007), Aerosol acidity in rural New England: Temporal trends and source region analysis, J

  18. Matching renewal energy sources to rural development needs : a prototype design for a rural community development center for Jamaica, W.I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Michael Onaje

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The opportunities for utilizing Jamaica/s rich supply of renewable energy resources as a base for stead, environmentally sound rural development is tremendous. This thesis explores as way of tapping this potential. Jamaica's ...

  19. The rural policeDosye che?f seksyon. English.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kole, Te?t; Ayisyen, Ti Peyizan

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and venality described was certainly a constant of rural Haitian life. In a major article in the Haitian-language weekly Líbete (8-14 novanm 1994, N° 111, p. 5), this report is cited as "the only serious study produced concerning the system of section chiefs...Occasional Paper N° 18 Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. Series Editor Tèt Kole Ti Peyizan Ayisyen 1> ° i H t t, |* * f S ^ i ^ » *\\ • £ «M i ' S li /// J J J 77Σ 7? w r a / Police . ft 5 V« Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1998...

  20. Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable andBucoda,BurkeNebraska: Energy Resources JumpButler Rural El

  1. Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable andBucoda,BurkeNebraska: Energy Resources JumpButler Rural

  2. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Montana) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman AerospaceEfficiency Incentives andFVEFall River Rural

  3. Federated Rural Electric Assn (Iowa) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania:57427°, -89.4742177° ShowRural Electric Assn (Iowa) Jump

  4. Kankakee Valley Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: EnergyKanabec County, Minnesota:Kankakee Valley Rural E

  5. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia,IDGWP Wind Farm JumpIllinois Institute for Rural Affairs

  6. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia,IDGWP Wind Farm JumpIllinois Institute for Rural

  7. Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| OpenInformation HandbookOhio: EnergyWest Virginia: EnergyRural

  8. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to:

  9. Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to:SEED

  10. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp (Florida) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwestOakdaleOdersunOkefenoke Rural El

  11. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwestOakdaleOdersunOkefenoke Rural

  12. Newton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania:Information296593°,Newcastle,NewNewport,Newton County Rural

  13. Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France:Barstow,Bayport BiomassBeatty,Bedford Rural Elec

  14. Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2 JumpRural

  15. Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBig Sandy Rural

  16. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan City YujiangLincolnLinjiawuLinn County Rural

  17. Southwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop, Inc JumpSouthwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop Jump

  18. Southwest Rural Elec Assn Inc (Texas) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop, Inc JumpSouthwest Iowa Rural

  19. Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker Energy Holding AGSuranaSussex Rural Electric

  20. T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker EnergySuzhouSynergy Biofuels LLCT I P Rural

  1. United Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEuropeUnited Rural Elec Member

  2. Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAGUnitilMichigan JumpWaterlooUpperRural

  3. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration JumpPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Jump to: navigation, search

  4. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration JumpPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Jump to: navigation,

  5. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGeneration JumpPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Jump to:

  6. Grayson Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <GlacialGoldenarticle is a stub.Grayson Rural

  7. Central Georgia EMC- Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In June 2008, Central Georgia Electric Membership Corporation (CGEMC) began offering a rebate of $450 per kilowatt (kW) to residential members who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that are...

  8. Piedmont EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation is offering a $500 rebate to its residential members who install solar water heaters on their homes. The utility recommends but does not require the system...

  9. Randolph EMC- Energy Efficient Home Discount Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Randolph Electric Membership Corporation offers a special electric bill discount to members who increase the energy efficiency of homes through the Energy Efficient Home Discount Program. Members...

  10. Cumberland EMC- Energy Efficient New Homes Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cumberland Electric Membership Corporation (CEMC), in collaboration with [http://www.tva.gov/ The Tennessee Valley Authority] provides a financial incentive for its customers to build new energy...

  11. Upper Cumberland EMC- Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Upper Cumberland Electric Membership Corporation (UCEMC), in collaboration with the Tennessee Valley Authority, offers incentives for its customers to purchase and install energy efficient...

  12. Piedmont EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation's (PEMC) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program is available to eligible consumers to finance the purchase and installation of energy efficient...

  13. Piedmont EMC- Residential Solar Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation's (PEMC) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program is available to eligible consumers to finance the purchase and installation of photovoltaic (PV...

  14. Lumbee River EMC- Residential Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River Electric Membership Corporation (LREMC) offers low interest loans to help its residential members increase the energy efficiency of their homes. Loans up to $10,000 are available for...

  15. Alleviation of rural poverty in Malaysia: the role of Zakat, a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahamod, Lukman Hakim

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on the factors contributing to the lack of emphasis by the Kedah Department of Zakat (KDoZ), Malaysia on the alleviation of poverty among the rural poor through zakat capital assistance programmes and ...

  16. Ancestral land, inheritance, and the revitalization or rural Japan: the case of Ogata Village 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Donald C

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three themes are especially significant in rural Japan today. The first two are the traditional strong sense of ancestral land ties shared by Japanese farmers and the shortage of heirs problem (atotsugi mondai), which they face. The third...

  17. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Developmen...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    HERS-8 homes (60 wo PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. Rural...

  18. ECOLE NATIONALE DU GENIE RURAL, DES EAUX ET DES FORTS N attribu par la bibliothque

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rural, des Eaux et Forêts Centre de Paris BIODISPONIBILITE DES HYDROCARBURES AROMATIQUES POLYCYCLIQUES-Hélène TUSSEAU-VUILLEMIN Co-directrice #12;#12;Biodisponibilité des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques dans

  19. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  20. Barriers to innovation transfer in a remote and rural health, social care & housing setting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallimore, Annette

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    and insufficient slack resources arising from the rural setting were key reasons for the delay in practice transfer. The project focus shifted from the transfer of electronic single shared assessment to the transfer of improvements to single shared assessment...