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Sample records for rural emc effective

  1. Whitewater Valley Rural EMC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural EMC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Address: P.O. Box 349 Place: Liberty, Indiana Zip: 47353 Sector: Transmission Phone Number: (765)...

  2. New Insights into the EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Higinbotham

    2012-08-17

    Deep-inelastic scattering cross section ratios plotted as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable, xB, show an unexpected structure indicating that partonic structure in nuclei is different than in free nucleons. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as the EMC effect. Recent Jefferson Lab experimental data showed that the slope of the EMC effect in the 0.3 < xB > 0.7 region scales as the local nuclear density rather than the average nuclear density. This result lead to the comparison of xB>1 short-range correlation plateaus, also a local density effect, to the magnitude of the EMC effect slopes and a clear linear relation was found. In this talk, I will discuss the EMC effect and the short-range correlation plateaus and what this phenomenological relationship between the two implies.

  3. EMC effect: Past, Present, and Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fomin, Nadia

    2015-09-01

    Since the discovery of the EMC effect over 30 years ago, it has been of great theoretical interest and studied in several experimental measurements. No unified picture arose to explain the underlying cause of per nucleon structure function modification in nuclei. Precise measurements on light nuclei from JLab’s 6 GeV era revitalized this research by showing that traditional A or density dependent models of this nuclear modification do not work. The measurements will be reviewed, discussed and preliminary data on heavy targets from JLab’s E03-103 will be presented.

  4. Measurement of the EMC effect in the deuteron

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Griffioen, Keith A.; Arrington, John R.; Christy, M. Eric; Ent, Rolf; Kalantarians, Narbe; Keppel, Cynthia E.; Kuhn, Sebastian E.; Melnitchouk, Wally; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Ioana; et al

    2015-07-01

    We have determined the structure function ratiomore » $$R^d_{\\rm EMC}=F_2^d/(F_2^n+F_2^p)$$ from recently published $F_2^n/F_2^d$ data taken by the BONuS experiment using CLAS at Jefferson Lab. This ratio deviates from unity, with a slope $$dR_{\\rm EMC}^{d}/dx= -0.10\\pm 0.05$$ in the range of Bjorken $x$ from 0.35 to 0.7, for invariant mass $W>1.4$ GeV and $Q^2>1$ GeV$^2$. The observed EMC effect for these kinematics is consistent with conventional nuclear physics models that include off-shell corrections, as well as with empirical analyses that find the EMC effect proportional to the probability of short-range nucleon-nucleon correlations.« less

  5. The challenge of the EMC effect: Existing data and future directions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malace, Simona P.; Gaskell, David J.; Higinbotham, Douglas W.; Cloet, Ian C.

    2014-08-01

    Since the discovery that the ratio of inclusive charged lepton (per-nucleon) cross sections from a nucleus A to the deuteron is not unity - even in deep inelastic scattering kinematics - a great deal of experimental and theoretical effort has gone into understanding the phenomenon. The EMC effect, as it is now known, shows that even in the most extreme kinematic conditions the effects of the nucleon being bound in a nucleus can not be ignored. In this paper we collect the most precise data available for various nuclear to deuteron ratios, as well as provide a commentary on the current status of the theoretical understanding of this thirty year old effect.

  6. The EMC Effect Still Puzzles After 30 Years

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Higinbotham, Douglas W.; Miller, Gerald A.; Hen, Or; Rith, Klaus

    2013-05-01

    Thirty years ago, high-energy muons at CERN revealed the first hints of an effect that puzzles experimentalists and theorists alike to this day.

  7. First Search for the EMC Effect and Nuclear Shadowing in Neutrino Nucleus Deep Inelastic Scattering at MINERvA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mousseau, Joel A.

    2015-01-01

    Decades of research in electron-nucleus deep inelastic scattering (DIS) have provided a clear picture of nuclear physics at high momentum transfer. While these effects have been clearly demonstrated by experiment, the theoretical explanation of their origin in some kinematic regions has been lacking. Particularly, the effects in the intermediate regions of Bjorken-x, anti-shadowing and the EMC effect have no universally accepted quantum mechanical explanation. In addition, these effects have not been measured systematically with neutrino-nucleus deep inelastic scattering, due to experiments lacking multiple heavy targets.

  8. Simulations of gas puff effects on edge density and ICRF coupling in ASDEX upgrade using EMC3-Eirene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, W.; Lunt, T.; Bobkov, V.; Coster, D.; Brida, D.; Noterdaeme, J.-M.; Jacquet, P.; Feng, Y.

    2015-12-10

    Simulations were carried out with the 3D plasma transport code EMC3-EIRENE, to study the deuterium gas (D{sub 2}) puff effects on edge density and the coupling of Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequency (ICRF) power in ASDEX Upgrade. Firstly we simulated an inter-ELM phase of an H-mode discharge with a moderate (1.2 × 10{sup 22} electrons/s) lower divertor gas puff. Then we changed the gas source positions to the mid-plane or top of machine while keeping other conditions the same. Cases with different mid-plane or top gas valves are investigated. Our simulations indicate that compared to lower divertor gas puffing, the mid-plane gas puff can enhance the local density in front of the antennas most effectively, while a rather global (toroidally uniform) but significantly smaller enhancement is found for top gas puffing. Our results show quantitative agreement with the experiments.

  9. E=mc2

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    "Energy equals mass times the velocity of light squared." So what exactly does the velocity of light have to do with it? By far, Einstein's best-known equation is "Emc2 - energy ...

  10. Emc3 LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Emc3 LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Emc3 LLC Name: Emc3 LLC Address: 5 Blue Anchor Street Place: Marlton, New Jersey Zip: 08053 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Sector:...

  11. EMC3, llc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EMC3, llc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: EMC3, llc Name: EMC3, llc Address: 5 Blue Anchor Street Place: Marlton, New Jersey Zip: 08053 Region: Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Phone...

  12. Walton EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Walton Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is an electric cooperative that serves approximately 100,000 customers in 10 northeastern Georgia counties. Walton EMC provides financial incentives for...

  13. Lumbee River EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC (LREMC) offers rebates to its residential customers who purchase and install qualified energy efficient products or services. Rebates are available for:

  14. Sawnee EMC- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Sawnee EMC provides a variety of rebates for commercial customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of eligible facilities. If recommended by a Sawnee Commercial Marketing Representative ...

  15. Sawnee EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC provides a variety of rebates for residential customers building new energy efficient homes or making energy efficiency improvements to existing homes.

  16. V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control Flaw Lets Remote Users Gain Full Control V-120: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Java RMI Access Control...

  17. V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bypass Vulnerability | Department of Energy 6: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability November 29, 2012 - 3:30am Addthis PROBLEM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability PLATFORM: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager (NCM) all versions prior 9.1 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts

  18. Randolph EMC- Agricultural Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Agricultural members of Randolph EMC (REMC) who upgrade to energy-efficientCFL bulbs in agricultural facilities are eligible for an incentive to help cover the initial cost of installation. The...

  19. South River EMC- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available for a variety of energy...

  20. Dynamically Movable Exhausting Emc Sealing System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barringer, Dennis R. (Wallkill, NY); Seminaro, Edward J. (Milton, NY); Toffler, Harold M. (Newburgh, NY)

    2003-12-09

    A docking apparatus for printed circuit boards including a cassette housing, having a housing base, a housing cover and a housing wall, wherein the housing base and the housing wall are disposed relative to each other so as to define a housing cavity for containing a printed circuit card and wherein the housing wall includes a cable opening disposed so as to be communicated with the housing cavity, a housing bezel, disposed relative to the cassette housing so as to be associated with the cable opening, the housing bezel includes an outer bezel having a first plurality of openings and an inner bezel having a second plurality of apertures, the inner bezel in electrical communication with the printed circuit card, wherein said housing bezel is removable, and an EMC gasket disposed between the outer and inner bezels of said housing bezel, the EMC gasket configured to provide a removable EMC seal proximate the cable opening while still allowing airflow through the first and second plurality of apertures having the EMC gasket therebetween. A docking apparatus for printed circuit boards including a cassette housing, having a housing base, a housing cover and a housing wall, wherein the housing base and the housing wall are disposed relative to each other so as to define a housing cavity for containing a printed circuit card and wherein the housing wall includes a cable opening disposed so as to be communicated with the housing cavity, a housing bezel, disposed relative to the cassette housing so as to be associated with the cable opening, the housing bezel includes an outer bezel having a first plurality of openings and an inner bezel having a second plurality of apertures, the inner bezel in electrical communication with the printed circuit card, wherein said housing bezel is removable, and an EMC gasket disposed between the outer and inner bezels of said housing bezel, the EMC gasket configured to provide a removable EMC seal proximate the cable opening while still

  1. EMC User Safety | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne Policies Safety at Work EMC User Safety Scheduled Maintenance Periods Transportation For Industrial Users Acknowledgment Statements for Publications End of Experiment Survey Users Executive Committee People Publications 2015 Publications 2014 Publications 2013 Publications 2012 Publications 2011 Publications 2010 Publications 2009 Publications 2008 Publications 2007 Publications 2006 Publications Fact Sheets & Other Documents Acknowledgment Statement News & Events RESEARCH

  2. emc2 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    emc2 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers emc2 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Energy Materials Center at Cornell (EMC<sup>2</sup>) Director(s): Hector D. Abruna Lead Institution: Cornell University Years: 2009-2014 Mission: To advance the science of energy conversion and storage by understanding and exploiting fundamental properties of

  3. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  4. EMC Electropolishing TEM Samples Using Perchloric Acid and Methanol |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Argonne National Laboratory EMC Electropolishing TEM Samples Using Perchloric Acid and Methanol PDF icon Electropolishing_Using_Perchloric_Acid_and_Methanol

  5. Jackson EMC- Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jackson Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson EMC), which serves over 185,000 residential customers, offers rebates to those customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or solar water...

  6. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Home Plus Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties....

  7. Coweta-Fayette EMC- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta, Fayette, Meriwether, Heard, Troop and Fulton counties.

  8. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  9. V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    4: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue September ...

  10. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Lumbee River EMC is offering $850 rebates to residential customers who install solar water heaters on their homes. To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings and...

  11. Lumbee River EMC- Solar Water Heating Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River EMC is offering 6% loans to residential customers for the installation of solar water heaters on their homes.  To qualify, the systems must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Ratings and...

  12. Randolph EMC- Commercial and Industrial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Commercial and industrial members who upgrade to energy-efficient light bulbs which meet Randolph EMC's standards are eligible for a prescriptive incentive payment. The cooperative will provide a...

  13. South River EMC- Energy Star Homes Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    South River EMC offers incentives to home buyers and builders who purchase or construct Energy Star certified single-family site built homes, manufactured homes, and multi-family dwellings. Energy...

  14. South River EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    South River Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) is providing rebates to encourage their customers to install solar water heating systems. To be eligible for the rebate solar collectors must have...

  15. Haywood EMC- Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Haywood EMC offers a low interest loan to residential customers to finance the purchase of an energy efficient heat pump and certain weatherization measures. The current interest rate is 5% and the...

  16. South River EMC- Energy Efficient New Homes Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Carolina building code includes a voluntary High Efficiency Residential Option (HERO). South River EMC offers incentives to home buyers and builders who purchase or construct HERO homes....

  17. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers the Comfort Loan Program to residential customers. This program offers financing for insulation upgrades and the replacement of an existing heating/cooling system with an...

  18. U-153: EMC Data Protection Advisor Server and Collector Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Data Protection Advisor. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions.

  19. V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Security Issue | Department of Energy 4: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue September 4, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A weakness and a security issue have been reported in EMC RSA Archer GRC PLATFORM: EMC RSA Archer GRC 5.x ABSTRACT: This fixes multiple vulnerabilities, which can be exploited to bypass certain security restrictions and to conduct spoofing

  20. 2014 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    14 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting May 12-15, 2014 Meeting web site CNM-Specific Events Andreas Roelofs, Interim CNM Director CNM Facility Status Update CNM Plenary Session Keynote Speaker : Federico Capasso Robert L. Wallace Professor of Applied Physics and Vinton Hayes Senior Research Fellow in Electrical Engineering Harvard University "Flat Optics with Metasurfaces" David Schuster Physics Department and James Franck Institute University of Chicago "Hybrid Quantum Computing with

  1. U-094: EMC Documentum Content Server Lets Local Administrative Users Gain Elevated Privileges

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    EMC Documentum Content Server contains a privilege elevation vulnerability that may allow an unauthorized user to obtain highest administrative privileges on the system.

  2. Better batteries to break dependence on fossil fuels > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EMC2 News Latest News Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award Room-temperature lithium metal battery closer to ...

  3. New 'knobs' can dial in control of materials > EMC2 News > The...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EMC2 News Latest News Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award Room-temperature lithium metal battery closer to ...

  4. U-168: EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server Bugs Let Remote Authenticated Users Deny Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Documentum Information Rights Management Server. A remote authenticated user can cause denial of service conditions.

  5. Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad > EMC2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Forty-Six-Foot Tall Needle Sculpture Rises Over Arts Quad September 14th, 2014 By ANUSHKA MEHROTRA Students walking around campus this...

  6. To bolster lithium battery life, add a little salt > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    'Genius Award' In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories To bolster lithium battery life, add a little salt August 13th, 2014 By Blaine Friedlander Archer Lu...

  7. U-247: EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CTA 7.3.1 and later with Hotfix ESA-2012-034 Addthis Related Articles V-045: Adobe ColdFusion Lets Local Users Bypass Sandbox Restrictions V-036: EMC Smarts Network...

  8. U-211: EMC Celerra/VNX/VNXe Access Control Bug Lets Remote Authenticated Users Access Files/Directories

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A vulnerability was reported in EMC Celerra/VNX/VNXe. A remote authenticated user can access files and directories on the target file system.

  9. Eye-popping, mind-expanding scenes of science > EMC2 News > The Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Center at Cornell EMC2 News Latest News Team devises new way for stabilizing battery recharge › Prof. Héctor Abruña wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award › Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award › In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Eye-popping, mind-expanding scenes of science April 26th, 2015 › By H. Roger Segelken Jason Koski/University Photography Joseph Burns, Ph.D. '66, the Irving Porter Church Professor of Engineering, professor of astronomy and dean

  10. News > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories News Chemist Will Dichtel earns MacArthur 'Genius Award' Thumb Chemist Will Dichtel earns MacArthur 'Genius Award' September 29, 2015 › Dichtel is pioneering the assembly of molecules into stable, high surface-area networks with potential applications in electronic, optical, and energy storage devices. Cornell dots research collaboration leads to $10M cancer center Thumb Cornell dots research collaboration leads to $10M cancer center September

  11. EMCS Modules/intelligent Time Clock (ITC). Final report 1977-1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiroma, D.

    1980-09-01

    The CEL has developed a microprocessor-based intelligent time clock (ITC) for control of HVAC equipment. The ITC has the capability of operating as a stand-alone controller, or as part of a distributed large-scale Energy Monitoring and Control System (EMCS). The ITC has 'intelligence' to monitor actual environmental conditions and to base actual control functions on these data. Evaluation of the ITC has demonstrated that such 'intelligent' control devices can provide significant energy savings over conventional control devices.

  12. News > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In This Section EMC2 News Upcoming Events Calendar of Research Meetings Archived News RSS & Calender Feeds News Team devises new way for stabilizing battery recharge Thumb Team devises new way for stabilizing battery recharge July 15, 2016 › Building a better barrier. Prof. Héctor Abruña wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Thumb Prof. Héctor Abruña wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award June 30, 2016 › ISE recognizes electrochemistry contributions. Pastore wins Bauer

  13. Implementation of the 3D edge plasma code EMC3-EIRENE on NSTX

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lore, J. D.; Canik, J. M.; Feng, Y.; Ahn, J. -W.; Maingi, R.; Soukhanovskii, V.

    2012-05-09

    The 3D edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE has been applied for the first time to the NSTX spherical tokamak. A new disconnected double null grid has been developed to allow the simulation of plasma where the radial separation of the inner and outer separatrix is less than characteristic widths (e.g. heat flux width) at the midplane. Modelling results are presented for both an axisymmetric case and a case where 3D magnetic field is applied in an n = 3 configuration. In the vacuum approximation, the perturbed field consists of a wide region of destroyed flux surfaces and helical lobes which aremore » a mixture of long and short connection length field lines formed by the separatrix manifolds. This structure is reflected in coupled 3D plasma fluid (EMC3) and kinetic neutral particle (EIRENE) simulations. The helical lobes extending inside of the unperturbed separatrix are filled in by hot plasma from the core. The intersection of the lobes with the divertor results in a striated flux footprint pattern on the target plates. As a result, profiles of divertor heat and particle fluxes are compared with experimental data, and possible sources of discrepancy are discussed.« less

  14. Rural Energy Savings Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This program helps rural families and small businesses achieve cost savings by providing loans to qualified consumers to implement durable, cost-effective energy efficiency measures, including on- or off-grid renewable energy.

  15. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  16. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Rural Communities Agricultural lands in the United States are...

  17. EMC3-EIRENE modelling of toroidally-localized divertor gas injection experiments on Alcator C-Mod

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lore, Jeremy D.; Reinke, M. L.; LaBombard, Brian; Lipschultz, B.; Churchill, R. M.; Pitts, R. A.; Feng, Y.

    2014-09-30

    Experiments on Alcator C-Mod with toroidally and poloidally localized divertor nitrogen injection have been modeled using the three-dimensional edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE to elucidate the mechanisms driving measured toroidal asymmetries. In these experiments five toroidally distributed gas injectors in the private flux region were sequentially activated in separate discharges resulting in clear evidence of toroidal asymmetries in radiated power and nitrogen line emission as well as a ~50% toroidal modulation in electron pressure at the divertor target. The pressure modulation is qualitatively reproduced by the modelling, with the simulation yielding a toroidal asymmetry in the heat flow to the outer strike point. Finally, toroidal variation in impurity line emission is qualitatively matched in the scrape-off layer above the strike point, however kinetic corrections and cross-field drifts are likely required to quantitatively reproduce impurity behavior in the private flux region and electron temperatures and densities directly in front of the target.

  18. Rural biogas technology: effect of digester pressure on gas rate and composition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamad, M.A.; Abdel, Dayem, A.M.; El-Halwagi, M.M.

    1983-01-01

    The effect of digester pressure on gas rate and composition was studied using an experimental Chinese-type digester of 5 m/sup 3/ volume. Water buffalo dung was used as feedstock and was fermented at 40 days retention time. The increase in digester pressure was accompanied by a decrease in the amount of biogas produced. However, this decrease was partially compensated for by the increase in methane content. The latter may be attributed to the transfer of carbon dioxide from the gas phase to the liquid phase. The remainder of the noted decrease in the obtained gas amount was related to the increase of the nonconfined amount of slurry in the outlet chamber. Thus, it can be concluded that the initial amount of gas liberated was not a direct consequence of varying the digester pressure. A modified design for the outlet chamber is proposed. Such modification is anticipated to decrease the gas losses, partially stabilize the gas pressure and accordingly increase the efficiency of the digester operation as well as the gas combustion process.

  19. EMC3-EIRENE modelling of toroidally-localized divertor gas injection experiments on Alcator C-Mod

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lore, Jeremy D.; Reinke, M. L.; LaBombard, Brian; Lipschultz, B.; Churchill, R. M.; Pitts, R. A.; Feng, Y.

    2014-09-30

    Experiments on Alcator C-Mod with toroidally and poloidally localized divertor nitrogen injection have been modeled using the three-dimensional edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE to elucidate the mechanisms driving measured toroidal asymmetries. In these experiments five toroidally distributed gas injectors in the private flux region were sequentially activated in separate discharges resulting in clear evidence of toroidal asymmetries in radiated power and nitrogen line emission as well as a ~50% toroidal modulation in electron pressure at the divertor target. The pressure modulation is qualitatively reproduced by the modelling, with the simulation yielding a toroidal asymmetry in the heat flow to the outermore » strike point. Finally, toroidal variation in impurity line emission is qualitatively matched in the scrape-off layer above the strike point, however kinetic corrections and cross-field drifts are likely required to quantitatively reproduce impurity behavior in the private flux region and electron temperatures and densities directly in front of the target.« less

  20. Three-dimensional simulation of H-mode plasmas with localized divertor impurity injection on Alcator C-Mod using the edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lore, Jeremy D.; Reinke, M. L.; Brunner, D.; LaBombard, B. A.; Lipschultz, B.; Terry, J. L.; Pitts, R. A.; Feng, Y.

    2015-04-28

    We study experiments in Alcator C-Mod to assess the level of toroidal asymmetry in divertor conditions resulting from poloidally and toroidally localized extrinsic impurity gas seeding show a weak toroidal peaking (~1.1) in divertor electron temperatures for high-power enhanced D-alpha H-modeplasmas. This is in contrast to similar experiments in Ohmically heated L-modeplasmas, which showed a clear toroidal modulation in the divertor electron temperature. Modeling of these experiments using the 3D edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE [Y. Feng et al., J. Nucl. Mater. 241, 930 (1997)] qualitatively reproduces these trends, and indicates that the different response in the simulations is due to the ionization location of the injected nitrogen. Low electron temperatures in the private flux region (PFR) in L-mode result in a PFR plasma that is nearly transparent to neutral nitrogen, while in H-mode the impurities are ionized in close proximity to the injection location, with this latter case yielding a largely axisymmetric radiation pattern in the scrape-off-layer. In conclusion, the consequences for the ITER gas injection system are discussed. Quantitative agreement with the experiment is lacking in some areas, suggesting potential areas for improving the physics model in EMC3-EIRENE.

  1. Three-dimensional simulation of H-mode plasmas with localized divertor impurity injection on Alcator C-Mod using the edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lore, Jeremy D.; Reinke, M. L.; Brunner, D.; LaBombard, B. A.; Lipschultz, B.; Terry, J. L.; Pitts, R. A.; Feng, Y.

    2015-04-28

    We study experiments in Alcator C-Mod to assess the level of toroidal asymmetry in divertor conditions resulting from poloidally and toroidally localized extrinsic impurity gas seeding show a weak toroidal peaking (~1.1) in divertor electron temperatures for high-power enhanced D-alpha H-modeplasmas. This is in contrast to similar experiments in Ohmically heated L-modeplasmas, which showed a clear toroidal modulation in the divertor electron temperature. Modeling of these experiments using the 3D edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE [Y. Feng et al., J. Nucl. Mater. 241, 930 (1997)] qualitatively reproduces these trends, and indicates that the different response in the simulations is due tomore » the ionization location of the injected nitrogen. Low electron temperatures in the private flux region (PFR) in L-mode result in a PFR plasma that is nearly transparent to neutral nitrogen, while in H-mode the impurities are ionized in close proximity to the injection location, with this latter case yielding a largely axisymmetric radiation pattern in the scrape-off-layer. In conclusion, the consequences for the ITER gas injection system are discussed. Quantitative agreement with the experiment is lacking in some areas, suggesting potential areas for improving the physics model in EMC3-EIRENE.« less

  2. Three-dimensional simulation of H-mode plasmas with localized divertor impurity injection on Alcator C-Mod using the edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lore, J. D.; Reinke, M. L.; Lipschultz, B.; Brunner, D.; LaBombard, B.; Terry, J.; Pitts, R. A.; Feng, Y.

    2015-05-15

    Experiments in Alcator C-Mod to assess the level of toroidal asymmetry in divertor conditions resulting from poloidally and toroidally localized extrinsic impurity gas seeding show a weak toroidal peaking (∼1.1) in divertor electron temperatures for high-power enhanced D-alpha H-mode plasmas. This is in contrast to similar experiments in Ohmically heated L-mode plasmas, which showed a clear toroidal modulation in the divertor electron temperature. Modeling of these experiments using the 3D edge transport code EMC3-EIRENE [Y. Feng et al., J. Nucl. Mater. 241, 930 (1997)] qualitatively reproduces these trends, and indicates that the different response in the simulations is due to the ionization location of the injected nitrogen. Low electron temperatures in the private flux region (PFR) in L-mode result in a PFR plasma that is nearly transparent to neutral nitrogen, while in H-mode the impurities are ionized in close proximity to the injection location, with this latter case yielding a largely axisymmetric radiation pattern in the scrape-off-layer. The consequences for the ITER gas injection system are discussed. Quantitative agreement with the experiment is lacking in some areas, suggesting potential areas for improving the physics model in EMC3-EIRENE.

  3. USDA Rural Development Energy Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development Energy Programs Tedd Buelow Native American Coordinator DOE Tribal Energy Program Review November 16, 2009 USDA Rural Development 4 Types of Program Delivery - Guaranteed Loans - Direct Loans - Grants - Payments 3 Program Areas - Rural Business and Cooperative - Rural Housing and Community Facilities - Rural Utilities DOE Tribal Energy Program Review November 16, 2009 USDA Rural Development Organizational Structure National Office State Directors Area Directors Program Directors

  4. Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event offering a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities.

  5. Alaska Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiatives, the Alaska Rural Small Business Conference is a three-day conference to bring together rural businesses and leaders and provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  6. Rural energy and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, R.

    1997-12-01

    The author discusses the worldwide problem and need for rural electrification to support development. He points out that rural areas will pay high rates to receive such services, but cannot afford the capital cost for conventional services. The author looks at this problem from the point of energy choices, subsides, initial costs, financing, investors, local involvement, and governmental actions. In particular he is concerned with ways to make better use of biofuels, to promote sustainable harvesting, and to encourage development of more modern fuels.

  7. SU-E-T-71: Commissioning and Acceptance Testing of a Commercial Monte Carlo Electron Dose Calculation Model (eMC) for TrueBeam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheu, R; Tseng, T; Powers, A; Lo, Y

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To provide commissioning and acceptance test data of the Varian Eclipse electron Monte Carlo model (eMC v.11) for TrueBeam linac. We also investigated the uncertainties in beam model parameters and dose calculation results for different geometric configurations. Methods: For beam commissioning, PTW CC13 thimble chamber and IBA Blue Phantom2 were used to collect PDD and dose profiles in air. Cone factors were measured with a parallel plate chamber (PTW N23342) in solid water. GafChromic EBT3 films were used for dose calculation verifications to compare with parallel plate chamber results in the following test geometries: oblique incident, extended distance, small cutouts, elongated cutouts, irregular surface, and heterogeneous layers. Results: Four electron energies (6e, 9e, 12e, and 15e) and five cones (66, 1010, 1515, 2020, and 2525) with standard cutouts were calculated for different grid sizes (1, 1.5,2, and 2.5 mm) and compared with chamber measurements. The results showed calculations performed with a coarse grid size underestimated the absolute dose. The underestimation decreased as energy increased. For 6e, the underestimation (max 3.3 %) was greater than the statistical uncertainty level (3%) and was systematically observed for all cone sizes. By using a 1mm grid size, all the calculation results agreed with measurements within 5% for all test configurations. The calculations took 21s and 46s for 6e and 15e (2.5mm grid size) respectively distributed on 4 calculation servants. Conclusion: In general, commissioning the eMC dose calculation model on TrueBeam is straightforward and thedose calculation is in good agreement with measurements for all test cases. Monte Carlo dose calculation provides more accurate results which improves treatment planning quality. However, the normal acceptable grid size (2.5mm) would cause systematic underestimation in absolute dose calculation for lower energies, such as 6e. Users need to be cautious in this

  8. Rural health clinics infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, K.

    1997-12-01

    The author discusses programs which were directed at the installation of photovoltaic power systems in rural health clinics. The objectives included: vaccine refrigeration; ice pack freezing; lighting; communications; medical appliances; sterilization; water purification; and income generation. The paper discusses two case histories, one in the Dominican Republic and one in Colombia. The author summarizes the results of the programs, both successes and failures, and offers an array of conclusions with regard to the implementation of future programs of this general nature.

  9. Rural Energy Conference Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

    2008-12-31

    Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

  10. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Summer Training SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on

  11. Rural Utilities Service Electric Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Utilities Service Electric Program’s loans and loan guarantees finance the construction of electric distribution, transmission, and generation facilities, including system improvements...

  12. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alliance for Rural Electrification1 The Alliance for Rural Electrification is the only international business association in the world focusing on the promotion and the...

  13. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Rural Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, trainings, and technical information.

  14. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools This page lists...

  15. Chile rural electrification cooperation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flowers, L.

    1997-12-01

    The author describes a joint program to use renewables for rural electrification projects in Chile. The initial focus was in a limited part of the country, involving wind mapping, pilot project planning, training, and development of methodologies for comparative evaluations of resources. To this point three wind hybrid systems have been installed in one region, as a part of the regional private utility, and three additional projects are being designed. Additional resource assessment and training is ongoing. The author points out the difficulties in working with utilities, the importance of signed documentation, and the need to look at these programs as long term because of the time involved in introducing such new technologies.

  16. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantees

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in rural America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energ...

  17. Korea Rural Community Corp KRC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Korea Rural Community Corp (KRC) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: South Korea-based rural development company. References: Korea Rural Community Corp...

  18. China-NREL Rural Electrification Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electrification Projects Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China Rural Electrification Name China Rural Electrification AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy...

  19. 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event that offers a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities.

  20. USDA Rural Development Energy Programs

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    rural small businesses in purchasing renewable energy systems and making energy efficiency ... New Farm Bill was passed and signed into law on 2- 7- 14. Changes to funding levels ...

  1. Blue Ridge EMC- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation offers net metering to its residential customers with solar photovoltaic, wind, or micro-hydro generators up to 25 kilowatts. There is no aggregate...

  2. Tideland EMC- Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tideland Electric Membership Cooperative (TEMC) is an electric cooperative that serves customers in Craven, Dare, Washington, Pamlico, Beaufort and Hyde counties. Home, farm and business owners...

  3. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  4. Lyon Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lyon Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lyon Rural Electric Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712-472-2506 Website: www.lyonrec.coop Outage Hotline: 1-800-292-8989...

  5. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  6. Final Scientific/Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy on NOVA's Einstein's Big Idea (Project title: E-mc2, A Two-Hour Television Program on NOVA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susanne Simpson

    2007-05-07

    Executive Summary A woman in the early 1700s who became one of Europe’s leading interpreters of mathematics and a poor bookbinder who became one of the giants of nineteenth-century science are just two of the pioneers whose stories NOVA explored in Einstein’s Big Idea. This two-hour documentary premiered on PBS in October 2005 and is based on the best-selling book by David Bodanis, E=mc2: A Biography of the World’s Most Famous Equation. The film and book chronicle the scientific challenges and discoveries leading up to Einstein’s startling conclusion that mass and energy are one, related by the formula E = mc2.

  7. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture DOE 2010 Geothermal Program Peer Review; Low Temperature Demonstration Projects low_silveria_rural_electric_coop.pdf (557.69 KB) More Documents & Publications Southwest Alaska Regional Geothermal Energy Project District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low

  8. Intermountain Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.irea.coop Twitter: @IREAColorado Facebook: https:www.facebook.comIntermountainREA Outage Hotline: 1-800-332-9540 References:...

  9. Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands.

  10. 2016 Kawerak/Rural Providers' Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Kawerak/Rural Providers' Conference is an annual gathering and cultural celebration featuring heads-on cultural events, moderated discussions, workshops, and keynote speakers.

  11. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  12. Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesRural-Electric-Cooperative-Inc116401145072740?refts Outage Hotline: 855-399-2683 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  13. Club for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Name: Club for Rural Electrification Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Solar Product: An industry association of German...

  14. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    water heater installed, additional 25 bonus if electric dryer installed Energy Star Television: 50 Summary Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA)...

  15. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of Chinas total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on Chinas success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  16. Rural Innovations Network | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Network Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rural Innovations Network Place: India Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Charity Non-profit Association...

  17. Viet Nam Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electrification Location of project Vietnam Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling Year initiated 2009 Organization Asian Development...

  18. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector AgencyCompany...

  19. Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities February 4, 2016 - 12:07pm ...

  20. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  1. Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in...

  2. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energy syst...

  3. Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electric Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp Place: Kentucky Website: farmersrecc.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comFarmersRECC...

  4. Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd Place: Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China Product:...

  5. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition,...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Prev Next Title: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: ...

  6. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange ...

  7. Rural Electrification Act of 1936 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    901 et seq. DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Rural Electrification Act of 1936 Citation Rural Electrification Act of...

  8. Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods AgencyCompany Organization International...

  9. Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods AgencyCompany Organization...

  10. Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of poor rural communities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities AgencyCompany...

  11. Alaska Rural Manager Panelists Call for Nominations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Rural Managers are seeking nominations for city, tribal, and utility managers to participate in several Anchorage focus group/workshops this April. Selected panelists will represent their profession and will help develop guidelines for the training and education of Alaska's Rural Managers.

  12. Human alteration of the rural landscape: Variations in visual perception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloquell-Ballester, Vicente-Agustin Carmen Torres-Sibille, Ana del; Cloquell-Ballester, Victor-Andres; Santamarina-Siurana, Maria Cristina

    2012-01-15

    The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of 'permanent industrial character', 'elements of permanent rural character' and 'elements of temporary character', and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.

  13. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C.

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  14. Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska Photo of the Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska report. The report, "Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska," provides recommendations from a study conducted over the course of 18 months that involved in-person interviews with utility staff and community members from more than 30 Alaska rural communities. The purpose of the study was to understand the current challenges and

  15. USDA Rural Small Business Connection Event

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will host Rural Small Business Connections, providing small businesses with networking sessions and opportunities to build capacity and do business with USDA and other Federal agencies.

  16. Rural energy - ODA`s perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woolnough, D.

    1997-12-01

    The Overseas Development Administration has as a goal `to improve the quality of life of people in poorer countries by contributing to sustainable development and reducing poverty and suffering.` Rural energy fits into this goal as a means to an end. The emphasis is firmly on the service provided, with the aim being provision of basic needs as a part of rural development. ODA plays a role in this task on a number of fronts: research and development; support for NGO`s; aid in a bilateral or multilateral form. The view of ODA is that even rural energy projects must emphasize the service provided and must be economically sustainable. Within its sphere of influence, there is a clearly growing position for the employment of rural energy programs.

  17. Alaska Rural Energy Conference- Federal Energy Track

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On the first day of the Alaska Rural Energy Conference, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy is hosting a federal energy track to cover federal programs and opportunities for Alaska Native villages.

  18. Rural Productivity Zones (RPZs) for microenterprises

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, R.D.

    1997-12-01

    In this paper the authors discuss the concept of rural productivity zones (RPZs) which are defined as a business incubator to foster income-producing opportunities for the rural poor. The essential ingredients of such a program include: electric power; business development assistance; office services; and quality work space. The electric power source must be a good quality system, consisting of a diesel/wind/photovoltaic hybrid type system, providing reliable service, with a local maintenance program and a functional load management program.

  19. Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.butlerrural.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comButlerRuralElectricCooperative Outage Hotline: 800-255-2732 Outage Map:...

  20. Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Indiana Phone Number: 812.482.5454 Website: www.duboisrec.com Facebook:...

  1. Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural El Member Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panhandle Rural El Member Assn Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 308-762-1311 Website: www.prema.coop Facebook: https:...

  2. Brown County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brown County Rural Elec Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 1-800-658-2368 Website: www.browncountyrea.coop Outage Hotline:...

  3. Jackson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jackson County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jackson County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1.800.288.4458 Website: www.jacksonremc.com Twitter:...

  4. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: North Dakota Phone Number: 701-256-5511 Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  5. T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    I P Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: T I P Rural Electric Coop Abbreviation: TIPR Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641-522-9223 Website: www.tiprec.com Outage...

  6. Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name: Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Place: Nebraska Phone Number: (888) 242-5265 Website: www.pcrppd.com Outage...

  7. Marshall County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marshall County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Marshall County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (866) 936-3161 Website: www.marshallremc.com Twitter:...

  8. Lagrange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lagrange County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lagrange County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (877)463-7165 Website: www.lagrangeremc.com Twitter:...

  9. Newton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Newton County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 219.474.6224 or (219) 297-3118 Website: www.newtoncountyremc.com...

  10. Hendricks County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hendricks County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hendricks County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (317) 745-5473 or (800) 876-5473 Website:...

  11. Jasper County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jasper County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jasper County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-888-866-7362 or 219-866-4601 Website: www.jasperremc.com...

  12. Fulton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fulton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fulton County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 574-223-3156 or 1-800-286-2265 Website: www.fultoncountyremc.com...

  13. Decatur County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Decatur County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Decatur County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (812) 663-3391 or 800-844-7362 Website: www.dcremc.com Outage...

  14. Kankakee Valley Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 219.733.2511 or 800.552.2622 Website: www.kvremc.com Outage...

  15. Wabash County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wabash County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Heartland Rural E M C Address: 350 Wedcor Avenue Place: Wabash, Indiana Phone Number: (260) 563-2146 Website:...

  16. Johnson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Johnson County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Johnson County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 317.736.6174 Website: jcremc.com Facebook: https:...

  17. Jay County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jay County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jay County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 260-726-7121 or 1-800-TEL-REMC Website: www.jayremc.com Outage...

  18. Bartholomew County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bartholomew County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bartholomew County Rural E M C Address: 1697 W. Deaver Road Place: Columbus, Indiana Zip: 47201 Phone Number: (812)...

  19. Kosciusko County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kosciusko County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kosciusko County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 574.267.6331 or 1.800.790.7362 Website: kremc.com Twitter:...

  20. Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clark County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (812) 246-3316 Website: www.theremc.com Facebook: https:...

  1. Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Henry County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-800-248-8413 Website: www.henrycountyremc.com Twitter:...

  2. Warren County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Warren County Rural E M C Address: 15 Midway St Place: Williamsport, Indiana Zip: 47993 Service Territory: Indiana Phone...

  3. Hancock County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hancock County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (800) 248-8413 Website: www.henrycountyremc.com Twitter: @henrycountyremc...

  4. Parke County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Parke County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Parke County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 765-569-3133 or 800-537-3913 Website: www.pcremc.com Outage...

  5. Howard Greeley Rural P P D | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural P P D Jump to: navigation, search Name: Howard Greeley Rural P P D Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 308.754.4457 Website: www.howardgreeleyrppd.com Facebook: https:...

  6. Lewis County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lewis County Rural E C A Place: Missouri Phone Number: 573-215-4000 Website: lewiscountyrec.org Outage Hotline: 888-454-4485...

  7. Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place: West Virginia Phone Number: 304.624.6365 Website: www.harrisonrea.com...

  8. Harrison County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 712-647-2727 or 800-822-5591 Website: www.hcrec.coop Outage...

  9. Taylor County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taylor County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Taylor County Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1-800-931-4551 Website: www.tcrecc.com Outage Hotline: (800)...

  10. Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 620-767-5144 Website: www.flinthillsrec.com Facebook: https:...

  11. Guthrie County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guthrie County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guthrie County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641.747.2206 Website: www.guthrie-rec.coop Outage Hotline:...

  12. Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: (620) 672-5538 Website: www.ninnescah.com Outage Hotline: (800)...

  13. Meade County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Meade County Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1.877.276.5353 or Brandenburg: 270.422.2162, Hardinsburg: 270.756.5172...

  14. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Linn County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Linn County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-377-1587 or 1-800-332-5420 Website: linncountyrec.com Outage...

  15. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cumberland Valley Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1-800-513-2677 Website: www.cumberlandvalley.coop Twitter:...

  16. West Kentucky Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Kentucky Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Kentucky Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 270-247-1321 or 1-877-495-7322 Website: www.wkrecc.com Twitter:...

  17. Woodbury County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Woodbury County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712.873.3125 Website: www.woodburyrec.com Outage Hotline: 1.800.469.3125...

  18. Morgan County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Morgan County Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.mcrea.org Twitter: @MorganCountyREA Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesMorgan-County-Rural-Ele...

  19. Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska August 13, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. - Four Cabinet Secretaries brought the Obama Administration's Rural Tour to rural Alaska today, with stops in Bethel and Hooper Bay, representing the largest Cabinet-level delegation to visit the state. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan, Education Secretary Arne Duncan, and

  20. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative In order to help create a more energy independent rural America for the next century, the USDA Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative enables applicants to several USDA housing programs to increase their program funding eligibility by incorporating green building practices into project designs, construction,

  1. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Featured article in the Alaska Energy Pioneer Summer 2015 newsletter on the 2015 DOE Rural Utilities Study (RUS).

  2. Rural Energy for America Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy for America Program Rural Energy for America Program The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in rural America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energy systems; to make energy efficiency improvements to non-residential buildings and facilities; to use renewable technologies that reduce energy consumption; and to participate in energy audits and renewable energy development assistance. Partner

  3. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    County Rural Electric Cooperative Association Website http:www.linncountyrec.comenergy-efficiencyincentivescurrent-incent... State Iowa Program Type Rebate Program Rebate...

  4. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Discussion Are there other examples of successful residential energy efficiency program implementation in rural populations? What energy efficiency ...

  5. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  6. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation | Department of Energy National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (-NRECA‖) is the

  7. Walton EMC- Prime PowerLoan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Prime Power Loan is primarily to help home owners install water heaters. Loans are made between $500 and  $5,499 with a $15 origination fee.

  8. Piedmont EMC- Solar Water Heating Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation is offering a $500 rebate to its residential members who install solar water heaters on their homes. The utility recommends but does not require the system...

  9. Lumbee River EMC- Residential Weatherization Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lumbee River Electric Membership Corporation (LREMC) offers low interest loans to help residential members increase the energy efficiency of homes. Loans up to $17,000 are available for the...

  10. Piedmont EMC- Residential Solar Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation's (PEMC) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program is available to eligible consumers to finance the purchase and installation of photovoltaic (PV...

  11. Central Georgia EMC- Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In June 2008, Central Georgia Electric Membership Corporation (CGEMC) began offering a rebate of $450 per kilowatt (kW) to residential members who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that are...

  12. Randolph EMC- Energy Efficient Home Discount Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Randolph Electric Membership Corporation offers a special electric bill discount to members who increase the energy efficiency of homes through the Energy Efficient Home Discount Program. Members...

  13. Piedmont EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation (PEMC) offers a financial incentive for residential members to install energy efficient heat pumps and LED lighting in eligible homes. Rebates are available...

  14. Microsoft Word - EMC05_Caldwell.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Lightning Simulator Recommissioning and Upgrades Michele Caldwell and Leonard E. Martinez Applied Accelerator and Electromagnetic Technologies Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA mcaldw@sandia.gov, leomart@sandia.gov Abstract-The Sandia Lightning Simulator at Sandia National Laboratories can provide up to 200 kA for a simulated single lightning stroke, 100 kA for a subsequent stroke, and hundreds of Amperes of continuing current. It has recently been re- commissioned

  15. Piedmont EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation's (PEMC) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loan Program is available to eligible consumers to finance the purchase and installation of energy efficient...

  16. Rural development update for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arent, D.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes renewable energy programs implemented in South Africa as part of a collaborative program for rural development. Different facets of this program include: Renewable Energy for South Africa (REFSA); hybrid collaborative R&D; electricity sector restructuring; provincial level initiation of renewable energy applications; renewable energy for African development (REFAD); and Suncorp photovoltaic manufacturing company. Limited detailed information is provided on the activities of each of these different program facets over the past year in particular.

  17. Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

  18. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations, call slides and discussion summary. Call Slides and Discussion Summary (3.17 MB) More Documents & Publications Staged Upgrades - Homeowner-focused Strategies for Encouraging Energy Upgrades over Time Strengthening

  19. Rural Energy for America Program Loan Guarantee and Grant Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Topics  Introduction  Rural Energy For America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantee and Grant program  Questions California Energy Coordinator Steven Scott Nicholls 530-792-5805 Davis, CA Regional Coordinator Regional Energy Coordinator State Distribution West Region Rob Fry Brian Buch Mid-West Region Robin Templeton Lisa Noty South Region Valarie Flanders Will Dodson Rural Energy For America Program (REAP) Eligible Applicants: 1. Agricultural producers 2. Rural small businesses 3.

  20. Loan Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment Loan Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment July 24, 2014 - 3:52pm Addthis In September 2011, the Department of Energy issued a $1.2 billion loan guarantee to support the construction of California Valley Solar Ranch (CVSR), a 250 MWac photovoltaic (PV) solar generating facility in rural San Luis Obispo County, California. The project reached commercial operation in October 2013. In September

  1. QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 3 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Rural Electric Cooperative Association 3 QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 3 From: Silberstein, Pam M. [pamela.silberstein@nreca.coop] Sent: Friday, October 03, 2014 2:57 PM To: QERcomments Subject: RE: QER submission attached Attachment: Brief17_RuralEnergyConservation (1).pdf; Tri-State Response to DOE RFI on Draft IPP Process Oct 31 2013.pdf In addition to the below, please find these supporting materials. Thank you. -p

  2. New light on rural electrification: the evidence from Bolivia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tendler, J.

    1980-09-01

    In 1973-74, A.I.D. financed a project to expand existing municipal electrical systems in Bolivia to seven outlying rural areas with the aim of servicing an additional 81,000 rural customers within 10 years. This report evaluates the project's impact on the rural poor in terms of three project objectives: improving the quality of life; stimulating economic production; and creating viable electric utilities.

  3. Recovery Act:Rural Cooperative Geothermal development Electric &

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Agriculture (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Recovery Act:Rural Cooperative Geothermal development Electric & Agriculture Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Recovery Act:Rural Cooperative Geothermal development Electric & Agriculture Surprise Valley Electric, a small rural electric cooperative serving northeast California and southern Oregon, developed a 3mw binary geothermal electric generating plant on a cooperative member's ranch. The geothermal

  4. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    incorporating green building practices into project designs, construction, and operations. ... Rural Publication Date: NA Resource Link: http:www.rurdev.usda.goveehome.html

  5. Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices of...

  6. Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. NREL also piloted a business model for providing energy services in rural areas of Ghana.1 References ...

  7. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  8. Wind Energy for Rural Electric Cooperatives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cooperatives, many rural electric utilities have been initially reluctant to embrace wind energy. Reasons for this include: Some REAs in the western Great Plains have lost...

  9. Power to the people: rural electrification sector. Summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wasserman, G.; Davenport, A.

    1983-12-01

    Results of studies of the impact of rural electrification (RE) programs in Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and the Philippines are summarized.

  10. German Club for Rural Electrification CLE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification CLE Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Club for Rural Electrification (CLE) Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: German...

  11. Community-Driven Development Decision Tools for Rural Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (CDD) investment programmes as a way to further enabling rural poor people to overcome poverty in WCA." References "Community-Driven Development Decision Tools" Retrieved from...

  12. Promotion of Rural Renewable Energy in Western China | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy in Western China Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100026 Sector: Bioenergy Product: A programme launched by China Association of Rural Energy Industry (CAREI)...

  13. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes room air...

  14. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Cooperative Energy Purchaser Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Location Pike County IL Coordinates 39.6189, -90.9627 Show Map Loading map......

  15. Energy Solutions in Rural Alaska: Tanana Chiefs Conference and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Center for Energy and Power DOE Tribal Energy Program Review October 28, 2010 TANANA CHIEFS ... and technical expertise of ACEP to achieve energy solutions in rural communities. ...

  16. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    include rural economic and community development (including value-added agriculture), health care, education, public transportation, public management policies, housing, and...

  17. Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Abbreviation: Tipmont REMC Address: 403 S Main St Place: Linden, Indiana Zip: 47955 Phone Number: 800-726-3953 Website:...

  18. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  19. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Helping America's Electric Cooperatives Build a Smarter Grid to Streamline Operations and Improve Service Electric cooperatives play an important role in the U.S. energy infrastructure, delivering electricity to 44 million consumers across over 70% of the geography of the country every day. Implementing smart grid technology is seen by co-ops as a cost-effective way to improve reliability, streamline the restoration of

  20. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

    2009-12-01

    Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

  1. Rural electric energy services in China: Implementing the renewable energy challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weingart, J.W.

    1996-12-31

    This paper discusses issues related to rural electrification in China, with emphasis on a pilot project in Mongolia to implement small scale renewable energy sources. These projects consist of photovoltaic systems, wind electric systems, photovoltaic/wind hybrid systems, and wind/gasoline generator sets. These systems are small enough to implement in rural environments, more cost effective than grid type systems, and have lower cost than standard generator sets alone because of the improved reliability. The author also discusses the use of such systems for village power sources. A number of factors are contributing to the increase in such systems. Individuals are able and willing to pay for such systems, lending institutions are willing to fund such small-scale projects, they provide reliable, high quality services which support social and economic development.

  2. Renewable energy and rural development activities experience in Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barua, D.C.

    1997-12-01

    The per capita per year fuel consumption in Bangladesh is only 56 kg oil equivalent. The supply of electricity by Bangladesh power development board (BPDB) and Dhaka electricity supply authority (DESA) is mainly confined to cities and towns. Rural Electrification Board (REB) distributes electricity to the rural people through cooperatives. The rural cooperatives cover only 10% of the total population. Only about 15% of the total population is directly connected to the electricity. In order to meet the increasing energy demand for development of agriculture and industry and for the generation of better employment opportunities, it will be necessary to harness all the available alternative sources of energy immediately.

  3. Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.buckeyerec.commain Facebook: https:www.facebook.combuckeyerec Outage Hotline: 1-800-282-7204 References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  4. Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    307-568-2419 Website: www.bighornrea.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesBig-Horn-Rural-Electric Outage Hotline: 1-800-564-2419 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  5. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp (Florida) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Florida) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place: Florida Phone Number: 1-800-432-4770 Website: www.oremc.com Outage Hotline: 1.800.262.5131 Outage...

  6. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: 1-800-262-5131 Website: www.oremc.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-262-5131 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

  7. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. The Shugnak power plant is ...

  8. Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    early 2000 and was inaugurated by President Lagos in October of that year and the San Pedro and the small rural school of Aqua Fresca, all to demonstrate the use of wind...

  9. Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 316.321.9600 Website: www.butler.coop Facebook: https:...

  10. Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Some of the most remote areas in the United States were also some of the last places to get access to electricity, with as many as nine out of ten rural homes without electricity in the mid-1930s....

  11. White County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    White County Rural E M C Address: 302 North Sixth Street Place: Monticello, IN Zip: 47960 Service Territory: Indiana Phone Number: (574) 583-7161 Website: www.cwremc.com Facebook:...

  12. Orange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Orange County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-812-865-2229 Toll Free: 1-888-337-5900 Website: www.orangecountyremc.org Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  13. Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: 814643-2650 or toll-free 800432-0680 Website: www.valleyrec.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  14. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced on September 7 the availability of grants of up to $50,000 for agricultural producers and rural small businesses to conduct feasibility studies for installing renewable energy systems.

  15. Steuben County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steuben County Rural E M C Address: 1212 S. Wayne Street Place: Angola, Indiana Zip: 46703 Phone Number: 260.665.3563 Website: www.remcsteuben.com Twitter: @steubencoremc...

  16. QER- Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please find attached additional comments from the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA). Thank you for the opportunity to participate. If you have questions or need additional information, please do not hesitate to contact me.

  17. Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place: Idaho Service Territory: Idaho, Utah, Nevada Phone Number: 208-645-2211 Website: rrelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  18. Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in ...

  19. Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: 1-800-474-1710 Website: www.northwesternrec.com Twitter: @NWRECA...

  20. Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to...

  1. Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy December 9, 2009 - 11:38am Addthis Joshua DeLung What will the project do? Students in the Wind for Schools program gain not only practical knowledge in wind turbine technologies, but also they get hands-on experience installing turbines statewide. During an economic downturn, it's always a struggle for recent college graduates to find jobs and a place to put down roots amid a tightening workforce.

  2. Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America June 11, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE Lindsay Gsell Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part

  3. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas Woodruff Electric Cooperative (Woodruff) serves customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural electric cooperative, Woodruff is connected to its customers and engaged in economic development efforts to bring more jobs and higher incomes to local communities. In order to bring the capital investment and its

  4. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Patterns, and Ecological Processes (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization

  5. White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy Senior Advisor Henry Kelly Senior Advisor Henry Kelly Senior Advisor Last Thursday, on behalf of Secretary Chu, I attended the first meeting of the White House Rural Council. The Council, established by President Obama's Executive Order on Thursday, provides a new mechanism to ensure that our work creating new business opportunities and jobs in rural America is well-coordinated between agencies and that no important opportunity is missed. The Energy Department has many programs

  6. USDA Rural Development: Sustaining Relationships in Indian Country

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development Sustaining Relationships in Indian Country USDA Rural Development Organizational Structure National Office State Directors Program Directors Specialists Architects Engineers Technicians Area Directors Native American Coordinators General Field Representatives Rur al Utilities Ser vice Rur al Housing & Community Facilities Rur al Business Cooper ative Ser vice Rural Development Program Areas Progr am Areas Business & Industr y Guar anteed Loans Rur al Business Enter pr ise Gr

  7. Five-years of microenvironment data along an urban-rural transect; temperature and CO2 concentrations in urban area at levels expected globally with climate change.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Kate; Ziska, Lewis H; Bunce, James A; Quebedeaux, Bruno

    2007-11-01

    The heat island effect and the high use of fossil fuels in large city centers is well documented, but by how much fossil fuel consumption is elevating atmospheric CO2 concentrations and whether elevations in both atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are consistent from year to year are less well known. Our aim was to record atmospheric CO2 concentrations, air temperature and other environmental variables in an urban area and compare it to suburban and rural sites to see if urban sites are experiencing climates expected globally in the future with climate change. A transect was established from Baltimore city center (Urban site), to the outer suburbs of Baltimore (suburban site) and out to an organic farm (rural site). At each site a weather station was set-up to monitor environmental variables annually for five years. Atmospheric CO2 was significantly increased on average by 66 ppm from the rural to the urban site over the five years of the study. Air temperature was significantly higher at the urban site (14.8 oC) compared to the suburban (13.6 oC) and rural (12.7 oC) sites. Relative humidity was not different between sites but vapor pressure deficit (VPD) was significantly higher at the urban site compared to the suburban and rural sites. During wet years relative humidity was significantly increased and VPD significantly reduced. Increased nitrogen deposition at the rural site (2.1 % compared to 1.8 and 1.2 % at the suburban and urban sites) was small enough not to affect soil nitrogen content. Dense urban areas with large populations and high vehicular traffic have significantly different microclimates compared to outlying suburban and rural areas. The increases in atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are similar to changes predicted in the short term with global climate change, therefore providing an environment suitable for studying future effects of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems.

  8. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the “right sized” harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  9. Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany...

  10. D S & O Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    & O Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: D S & O Rural E C A, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 785-655-2011 Website: dsoelectric.com Twitter: @DSOElectricCoop Outage...

  11. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts | Department of Energy Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Case study of Rural Development Inc. who worked with Building America research partner CARB to design affordable HERS-8 homes (60 w/o PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. Rural

  12. Examination of some hypothetical SPS rectenna sites within the contiguous United States of America. Part I. Precipitation effects on hypothetical SPS sites in the USA. Part II. Point-to-point microwave and service mode communications systems near four hypothetical SPS rectenna sites in the continental United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutton, E J; Warner, B D

    1981-05-01

    The report of Grant et al., (1980) describes the EMC (electromagnetic compatibility) problems for the candidate SPS rectenna site in the Mojave Desert of California. This study examines the precipitation effects at nine other hypothetical SPS rectenna sites and the licensed transmitter density at four proposed SPS rectenna sites. The results of the precipitation study indicate that the transmission loss will not vary by more than 3% from site-to-site for the nine sites considered. Results of the licensed transmitter study for four sites support the contention that a strong correlation exists between population density and operational communications systems within small area (150 Km x 150 Km).

  13. Buckland Students Explore Ways to Address Rural Alaska Energy Challenges |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Buckland Students Explore Ways to Address Rural Alaska Energy Challenges Buckland Students Explore Ways to Address Rural Alaska Energy Challenges May 23, 2016 - 6:03pm Addthis Students pose in front of Buckland’s 10.53-kW solar system used to power the village’s new water plant. Photo from Alison Jech, Buckland School. Students pose in front of Buckland's 10.53-kW solar system used to power the village's new water plant. Photo from Alison Jech, Buckland School.

  14. User-owned utility models for rural electrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.

    1997-12-01

    The author discusses the history of rural electric cooperatives (REC) in the United States, and the broader question of whether such organizations can serve as a model for rural electrification in other countries. The author points out the features of such cooperatives which have given them stability and strength, and emphasizes that for success of such programs, many of these same features must be present. He definitely feels the cooperative models are not outdated, but they need strong local support, and a governmental structure which is supportive, and in particular not negative.

  15. Bolivia: rural electrification. Project impact evaluation report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, E.; Poe, K.M.; Tendler, J.

    1980-12-01

    Two rural electrification systems initiated in Bolivia in 1973 and 1974 are the subject of this report. By 1979, all distribution networks were completed, except in the La Paz region. Power was supplied to 42,000 consumers and was used primarily for residential lighting. Although demand outpaced supply, consumption per household was lower than projected, and irrigation and industrial use was negligible. The preponderant positive impact of the projects was social. Household lighting improved the physical quality of life for 7% of Bolivia's rural population.

  16. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: New York Phone Number: 607-776-4161 or 800-843-3414 or 716-296-5651 or 800-883-8236 Website: www.steubenrec.coop Outage Hotline: 1-866-430-4293...

  17. Energy Department Announces Technical Assistance for Self-Sufficiency and Lower Energy Costs for Rural Alaska Communities, and Releases “Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska” Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department has announced 13 recipients of Remote Alaska Communities Energy Efficiency (RACEE) technical assistance, and released its “Sustainable Energy Solutions for Rural Alaska” report.

  18. Indonesia solar home systems project for rural electrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanghvi, A.P.

    1997-12-01

    This paper presents, from a financing aspect the broad issues involved in a plan to provide solar home systems (SHS) to provide rural electrification in several areas of rural Indonesia. The paper discusses the approaches being used to provide funding, develop awareness of the technology, and assure the success of the project. The plan involves the use of grant money to help with some of the initial costs of such systems, and thereby to encourage local financing on a terms rather than cash basis. There are needs for market development, and development of a business structure in the country to support this type of technology. Provided this plan can succeed, it may serve as a model for further efforts.

  19. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TO: Ex parte communications, U.S. Department of Energy FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA DATE: September 6, 2013 RE: NRECA's Ex Parte Communication with DOE on June 11, 2013 Teleconference summary Attendees: John Cymbalsky - DOE Jay Morrison - NRECA Keith Dennis - NRECA Julie Barkemeyer - NRECA Issues Discussed: The attendees identified above met via teleconference on July 10, 2013, to discuss DOE's proposed rulemaking to allow waivers from energy

  20. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Award | Department of Energy Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award February 17, 2006 - 12:02pm Addthis WASHINGTON , DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative (IREC) will receive the 2005 Wind Cooperative of the Year Award. The utility was cited for its leadership, demonstrated success, and innovation in its wind

  1. USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average.

  2. Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State | Department of Energy 2: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week In the United States, the U.S. Department of Transportation classifies 3.9 million miles of roadway as rural and 1.2 million miles of roadway as urban. Each state has a different travel pattern affecting the proportion of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) on rural versus urban roads.

  3. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Developmen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Case study of Rural Development Inc. who worked with Building America research partner CARB to design affordable HERS-8 homes (60 ...

  4. Design Strategies and Preliminary Prototype for a Low-Cost Arsenic Removal System for Rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Qazi, Shefah; Agogino, Alice M.

    2009-09-14

    Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA -- Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash -- that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to removearsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  5. Disaster incubation, cumulative impacts and the urban/ex-urban/rural dynamic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulvihill, Peter R. . E-mail: prm@yorku.ca; Ali, S. Harris . E-mail: hali@yorku.ca

    2007-05-15

    This article explores environmental impacts and risks that can accumulate in rural and ex-urban areas and regions and their relation to urban and global development forces. Two Southern Ontario cases are examined: an area level water disaster and cumulative change at the regional level. The role of disaster incubation analysis and advanced environmental assessment tools are discussed in terms of their potential to contribute to more enlightened and effective assessment and planning processes. It is concluded that conventional approaches to EA and planning are characteristically deficient in addressing the full range of impacts and risks, and particularly those originating from pathogens, dispersed and insidious sources. Rigorous application of disaster incubation analysis and more advanced forms of EA has considerable potential to influence a different pattern of planning and decision making.

  6. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2008-01-01

    Arsenic in drinking water is a major public health problem threatening the lives of over 140 million people worldwide. In Bangladesh alone, up to 57 million people drink arsenic-laden water from shallow wells. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation(ECAR) overcomes many of the obstacles that plague current technologies and can be used affordably and on a small-scale, allowing for rapid dissemination into Bangladesh to address this arsenic crisis. In this work, ECAR was shown to effectively reduce 550 - 580 μg=L arsenic (including both As[III]and As[V]in a 1:1 ratio) to below the WHO recommended maximum limit of 10 μg=L in synthetic Bangladesh groundwater containing relevant concentrations of competitive ions such as phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate. Arsenic removal capacity was found to be approximately constant within certain ranges of current density, but was found to change substantially between ranges. In order of decreasing arsenic removal capacity, the pattern was: 0.02 mA=cm2> 0.07 mA=cm2> 0.30 - 1.1 mA=cm2> 5.0 - 100 mA=cm2. Current processing time was found to effect arsenic removal capacity independent of either charge density or current density. Electrode polarization studies showed no passivation of the electrode in the tested range (up to current density 10 mA=cm2) and ruled out oxygen evolution as the cause of decreasing removal capacity with current density. Simple settling and decantation required approximately 3 days to achieve arsenic removal comparable to filtration with a 0.1 mu m membrane. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) showed that (1) there is no significant difference in the arsenic removal mechanism of ECAR during operation at different current densities and (2) the arsenic removal mechanism in ECAR is consistent with arsenate adsorption onto a homogenous Fe(III)oxyhydroxide similar in structure to 2-line ferrihydrite. ECAR effectively reduced high arsenic concentrations (100

  7. V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authenticatio...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The systems uses a hard-coded key to encrypt authentication credentials on the target system CVE-2012-4615. A local user with knowledge of the key can access the credentials. A ...

  8. Grad student aims to improve particle accelerators > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is a negatively charged electrode, that when hit with a laser light source, causes electrons to become excited and emitted from the electrode. The electrons are then accelerated...

  9. Cornell-developed polymer has commercial debut > EMC2 News >...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lab of Geoffrey Coates, professor of chemistry and chemical biology in the College of Arts and Sciences, and further developed by the Cornell spinoff company Novomer. A...

  10. Piedmont EMC- Rate Discount for Energy Star Homes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation (PEMC) offers an incentive to residential customers for residing in an energy efficient home. To qualify, the home must meet the standards of the US...

  11. Jackson EMC - Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Jackson Electric Membership Corporation Website http:www.jacksonemc.com...

  12. Jones-Onslow EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jones-Onslow Electric Membership Corporation offers rebates to residential members who install energy efficient heating and cooling equipment. Members can replace an existing central AC or heat...

  13. 2014 Symposium Agenda Announced > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2014 Keynote Speaker. Other invited speakers include: Prof. Clare Grey, University of Cambridge Prof. Miquel Salmeron, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Dr. Nina Balke, Oak Ridge...

  14. Lena Kourkoutis wins Packard fellowship > EMC2 News > The Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and James C. Morgan Sesquicentennial Faculty Fellow, studies new functionalities that emerge at the interfaces of materials. Her electron microscopy group develops techniques to...

  15. News > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Thumb Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award June 30, 2016 ISE recognizes ...

  16. Georgia Green Power Electric Member Cooperative EMC | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector: Hydro Product: A partnership of Georgian electricity cooperatives, which produces power by low-impact hydro projects and landfill gas-to-electricity projects and sells it...

  17. Jones-Onslow EMC- Residential Heating and Cooling Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jones-Onslow Electric Membership Corporation offers rebates to residential members who install energy efficient heating and cooling equipment. Members can replace an existing central AC or heat...

  18. Lynden Archer receives chemical engineering award > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lynden Archer receives chemical engineering award August 6th, 2014 Lynden Archer, the William C. Hooey Director and Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, has...

  19. 2013 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Batteries Beyond Lithium" Invited Student Talk ... Technology: Materials Design for Battery Applications: ... Gosztola Modeling and Simulation of Nanofabrication ...

  20. E=mc2 (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2011-04-28

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Go behind the famous equation with Hitoshi Murayama. This famous equation, part of the theory of relativity set forth by Einstein, changed our understanding of nature at the most fundamental level. The fascinating story of energy (E) and mass (m) is still evolving a century since Einstein as we understand more of where they come from, how they shape the universe, and the missing pieces of the universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

  1. Billions of 'nanoreactors' inform materials design > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a meter across. A billion times smaller than a raindrop is the volume of an E. coli cell. And another million times smaller would be a reactor small enough to study...

  2. 2015 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015 Users Meeting 2014 Users Meeting 2013 Users Meeting 2012 Users Meeting 2011 Users Meeting 2009 Users Meeting 2008 Users Meeting 2007 Users Meeting Workshops Photos Videos Career Opportunities CNM Intranet CNM on Facebook Career Opportunities CNM Intranet CNM on Facebook Argonne National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials About Research Capabilities For Users People Publications News & Events News & Events RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS COLLOQUIUM SERIES SEMINAR SERIES Argonne Press

  3. Central Georgia EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central Georgia Electric Member Corporation (CGEMC) offers rebates for residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of existing homes or to build new energy efficient homes.  This year,...

  4. News > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mesoporous Carbons for More Kick May 1, 2014 So much energy, so little space. New method results in porous carbon for high-capacity, quick use batteries. Prof. Robinson...

  5. Two researchers awarded Department of Defense grants > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This year, the DOD awarded 22 MURI grants totaling 149 million over the next five years. Dichtel, associate professor of chemistry and chemical biology, will partner with ...

  6. Middle Tennessee EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Middle Tennessee Electric Membership Corporation (MTEMC) and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) offer incentives for residential customers through the eScore Program by:

  7. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance (EA/REDA) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development periodically issues Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) in the Federal Register. The...

  8. Ecuador rural electrification. Project impact evaluation report 21

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kessler, J.L.; Ballantyne, J.; Maushammer, R.; Simancas, N.R.

    1981-01-01

    The direct and indirect benefits of rural electrification in Ecuador warrant A.I.D.'s continued sponsorship of such programs. This assessment of A.I.D.'s 1964-75 sponsorship of four electrification projects in Ecuador concludes that, although implemented along with other development projects such as road construction, the program was a key factor in upgrading the towns of Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de los Colorados, Daule, and Ambato into regional market and service centers. The main benefits of this program, which was not originally designed to benefit the poor, were job creation, access to agricultural product processing facilities, and increased opportunities for small commercial enterprises.

  9. Oil, power, and rural change in Ecuador: 1972-1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zevallos, J.V.

    1985-01-01

    This study explores the role of the State in Ecuador's agriculture during the period of oil boom and military rule (1972-1979). It focuses on: (1) how the availability of oil revenues affected formation and implementation of agricultural policies; (2) the impact of oil-financed policies on agrarian structure, agricultural production, and rural inequality. Historical analysis is based on interviews with policy makers, newspaper chronology, and government documents. Policy impact assessment is based on macroeconomic evidence and microlevel studies. Although agrarian reform was central to the military's development plan, the 1973 Agrarian Reform Law imposed no farm size limits and postponed enforcement of efficiency requirements until 1976. Oil revenues eliminated some political and economic incentives for reform. State action shifted away from land redistribution towards colonization and promotion of agricultural production. The oil boom had an overall negative impact on rural income distribution. It removed incentives for reform. Increased state spending benefitted primarily medium and large landowners. Macroeconomic trends favored adoption of capital intensive methods in livestock and industrial crop production and decapitalization of food and export agriculture, harming wage-dependent laborers.

  10. Sustainable fuelwood use in rural Mexico. Volume 1: Current patterns of resource use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masera, O.

    1993-04-01

    The present report summarizes the results of the first phase of a project of cooperation between the Mexican National Commission for Energy Conservation (CONAE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) on sustainable biofuel use in rural Mexico. This first phase has been devoted to (i) conducting an in-depth review of the status of fuelwood use in rural and peri-urban areas of Mexico, (ii) providing improved estimates of biomass energy use, (iii) assessing the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of fuelwood use, and (iv) identifying preliminary potential lines of action to improve the patterns of biomass energy use in Mexico; in particular, identifying those interventions that, by improving living conditions for rural inhabitants, can result in global benefits (such as the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions). A comprehensive review of the existing documentation of biofuel use in rural and peri-urban Mexico was conducted. Reports from official, academic, and non-governmental organizations were gathered and analyzed. A computerized rural energy database was created by re-processing a national rural energy survey. Because of the paucity of information about biofuel use in small rural industries, most of the analysis is devoted to the household sector.

  11. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Filter by Author Higinbotham, Douglas (9) Piasetzky, Eliazer (9) Boeglin, Werner (6) ... The EMC Effect and High Momentum Nucleons in Nuclei Hen, Or ; Higinbotham, Douglas ; ...

  12. Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Urban/Rural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town Suburbs Rural 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.4 Total .............................................................. 107.0 49.9 18.0 21.2 17.9 4.1 Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 43.9 16.0 20.2 16.1 4.1 Personal Computers 2 ................................. 60.0 25.6 9.3 15.0 10.1 4.7

  13. Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State - Dataset | Department of Energy 2: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State - Dataset Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State fotw#902_web.xlsx (177.48 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact #904: December 21, 2015 Gross Domestic Product and Vehicle Travel: Both Increased during 2015 - Dataset Fact #906: January 4, 2016 VMT

  14. Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kihiyo, V.B.M.S.

    1996-03-01

    Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  15. Milepost locations in rural emergency response : the missing piece.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, Hillary Minich

    2004-06-01

    An incident location must be translated into an address that responders can find on the ground. In populated areas it's street name and address number. For sparsely populated areas or highways it's typically road name and nearest milepost number. This is paired with road intersection information to help responders approach the incident as quickly and safely as possible. If responders are new to the area, or for cross-country response, more assistance is needed. If dispatchers had mileposts as points on their maps they could provide this assistance as well as vital information to public safety authorities as the incident unfolds. Mileposts are already universally understood and used. The missing rural response piece is to get milepost locations onto dispatch and control center screens.

  16. Assessment of PM[sub 10] concentrations from domestic biomass fuel combustion in two rural Bolivian highland villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albalak, R.; Haber, M. . Rollins School of Public Health); Keeler, G.J.; Frisancho, A.R. )

    1999-08-01

    PM[sub 10] concentrations were measured in two contrasting rural Bolivian villages that cook with biomass fuels. In one of the villages, cooking was done exclusively indoors, and in the other, it was done primarily outdoors. Concentrations in all potential microenvironments of exposure (i.e., home, kitchen, and outdoors) were measured for a total of 621 samples. Geometric mean kitchen PM[sub 10] concentrations were 1830 and 280 [micro]g/m[sup 3] and geometric mean home concentrations were 280 and 440 [micro]g/m[sup 3] for the indoor and outdoor cooking villages, respectively. An analysis of pollutant concentrations using generalized estimating equation techniques showed significant effects of village location, and interaction of village and location on log-transformed PM[sub 10] concentrations. Pollutant concentrations and activity pattern data were used to estimate total exposure using the indirect method of exposure assessment. Daily exposure for women during the nonwork season was 15 120 and 6240 [micro]g h[sup [minus]1]m[sup [minus]3] for the indoor and outdoor cooking villages, respectively. Differences in exposure to pollution between the villages were not as great as might be expected based on kitchen concentration alone. This study underscores the importance of measuring pollutant concentrations in all microenvironments where people spend time and of shifting the focus of air pollution studies to include rural populations in developing countries.

  17. Builders Challenge High Performance Builder Spotlight - Rural Development Inc., Turner Falls, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    Building America/Builders Challenge fact sheet on Rural Development Inc, an energy-efficient home builder in cold climate using radiant floor heat, solar hot water, and PV. Examines cost impacts.

  18. Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to seek follow-on support through DOE technical assistance, funding, and other related future opportunities. In rural Alaska, energy is just one of a host of challenges Native...

  19. Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partnering with USDA, the Energy Department has created the State Energy Extension Partnership to equip America’s farm families and rural small businesses with the efficiency tools, resources and training needed to reduce energy costs.

  20. Miami-Cass County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 765-473-6668 or toll free 800-844-6668 Website: www.mcremc.coop Twitter: @MiamiCassREMC Outage Hotline:...

  1. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Developmen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    homes (60 wo PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. PDF icon Rural ...

  2. Rural Alaska Community Action Program Inc.'s Energy Wise Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rural Alaska Community Action Program, Inc. Ellen Kazary, Community Development Manager (907) 865-7358, ekazary@ruralcap.com GOALS: * Create jobs for rural Alaskans * Lower residential energy burden in tribal communities Additional Goals - Demonstrate that education and simple efficiency improvements can make an important difference in lowering residential energy costs - Provide a model component for energy plans - important to incorporate Energy Wise strategies in holistic energy plans Energy

  3. DOE to Host Workshop in Conjunction with Alaska Rural Energy Conference |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Workshop in Conjunction with Alaska Rural Energy Conference DOE to Host Workshop in Conjunction with Alaska Rural Energy Conference April 12, 2016 - 12:08pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy is hosting a workshop on April 25, 2016, to help Alaska Native communities identify opportunities to engage with federal agencies to advance their energy projects and address energy and climate challenges. The event will be held in conjunction with

  4. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  5. Design of a rural water provision system to decrease arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna

    2009-01-07

    Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have invented ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) a material that effectively and affordably removes high concentrations of arsenic from contaminated groundwater. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate?bottom ash from coal fired power plants?is a waste material readily available in South Asia. During fieldwork in four sub-districts ofBangladesh, ARUBA reduced groundwater arsenic concentrations as high as 680 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Key results from three trips in Bangladesh and one trip to Cambodia include (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from contaminated water within the first five minutes of contact, andcontinues removing arsenic for 2-3 days; (2) ARUBA?s arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through fractionated dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once); (3) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic concentrations ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well; and (4) the amount of arsenic removed per gram of ARUBA is linearly related to the initial arsenic concentrationof the water. Through analysis of existing studies, observations, and informal interviews in Bangladesh, eight design strategies have been developed and used in the design of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analyzed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than $2 per day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  6. Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Samaan, Nader A.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Diao, Ruisheng; Jin, Chunlian; Zhang, Yu

    2011-10-10

    The focus of this paper is to design control strategies for distributed energy resources (DERs) to maximize the use of wind power in a rural microgrid. In such a system, it may be economical to harness wind power to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels for electricity production. In this work, we develop control strategies for DERs, including diesel generators, energy storage and demand response, to achieve high penetration of wind energy in a rural microgrid. Combinations of centralized (direct control) and decentralized (autonomous response) control strategies are investigated. Detailed dynamic models for a rural microgrid are built to conduct simulations. The system response to large disturbances and frequency regulation are tested. It is shown that optimal control coordination of DERs can be achieved to maintain system frequency while maximizing wind power usage and reducing the wear and tear on fossil fueled generators.

  7. The Biofuels Revolution: Understanding the Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Biofuels Development on Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selfa, Theresa L; Goe, Richard; Kulcsar, Laszlo; Middendorf, Gerad; Bain, Carmen

    2013-02-11

    The aim of this research was an in-depth analysis of the impacts of biofuels industry and ethanol plants on six rural communities in the Midwestern states of Kansas and Iowa. The goal was to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural, and economic implications of biofuels development, and to contribute to more informed policy development regarding bioenergy.Specific project objectives were: 1. To understand how the growth of biofuel production has affected and will affect Midwestern farmers and rural communities in terms of economic, demographic, and socio-cultural impacts; 2. To determine how state agencies, groundwater management districts, local governments and policy makers evaluate or manage bioenergy development in relation to competing demands for economic growth, diminishing water resources, and social considerations; 3. To determine the factors that influence the water management practices of agricultural producers in Kansas and Iowa (e.g. geographic setting, water management institutions, competing water-use demands as well as producers attitudes, beliefs, and values) and how these influences relate to bioenergy feedstock production and biofuel processing; 4. To determine the relative importance of social-cultural, environmental and/or economic factors in the promotion of biofuels development and expansion in rural communities; The research objectives were met through the completion of six detailed case studies of rural communities that are current or planned locations for ethanol biorefineries. Of the six case studies, two will be conducted on rural communities in Iowa and four will be conducted on rural communities in Kansas. A multi-method or mixed method research methodology was employed for each case study.

  8. Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska September 22, 2014 - 9:25am Addthis A 900-kW Native-owned wind farm generates 10% of Nome's electricity, reducing dependence on diesel fuel. Photo from Bering Straits Native Corp., NREL 16298 A 900-kW Native-owned wind farm generates 10% of Nome's electricity, reducing dependence on diesel fuel. Photo from Bering Straits Native

  9. EERE Success Story-Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    American Communities | Department of Energy Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities EERE Success Story-Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities February 4, 2016 - 12:07pm Addthis The CoServ Solar Station in Krugerville, Texas. Photo: KEN OLTMANN/CoServ The CoServ Solar Station in Krugerville, Texas. Photo: KEN OLTMANN/CoServ Some of the most remote areas in the United States were also some of the last places to get access

  10. Commercial Ethanol Turns Dross to Dollars for Rural Iowans | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Commercial Ethanol Turns Dross to Dollars for Rural Iowans Commercial Ethanol Turns Dross to Dollars for Rural Iowans September 28, 2011 - 3:23pm Addthis American farmers harvest 80 million acres of corn each autumn. The corn stover usually left on a hewn field can be processed into a renewable transportation fuel called bioethanol. | Image courtesy of POET American farmers harvest 80 million acres of corn each autumn. The corn stover usually left on a hewn field can be processed into

  11. Air pollution and childhood respiratory health: Exposure to sulfate and ozone in 10 Canadian Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, B.R.; Raizenne, M.E.; Burnett, R.T.; Jones, L.; Kearney, J.; Franklin, C.A. )

    1994-08-01

    This study was designed to examine differences in the respiratory health status of preadolescent school children, aged 7-11 years, who resided in 10 rural Canadian communities in areas of moderate and low exposure to regional sulfate and ozone pollution. Five of the communities were located in central Saskatchewan, a low-exposure region, and five were located in southwestern Ontario, an area with moderately elevated exposures resulting from long-range atmospheric transport of polluted air masses. In this cross-sectional study, the child's respiratory symptoms and illness history were evaluated using a parent-completed questionnaire, administered in September 1985. Respiratory function was assessed once for each child in the schools between October 1985 and March 1986, by the measurement of pulmonary function for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV[sub 1.0]), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), mean forced expiratory flow rate during the middle half of the FVC curve (FEF[sub 25-75]), and maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the expired vital capacity (V[sub 50]max). After controlling for the effects of age, sex, parental smoking, parental education and gas cooking, no significant regional differences were observed in rates of chronic cough or phlegm, persistent wheeze, current asthma, bronchitis in the past year, or any chest illness that kept the child at home for 3 or more consecutive days during the previous year. Children living in southwestern Ontario had statistically significant (P < 0.01) mean decrements of 1.7% in FVC and 1.3% in FEV[sub 1.0] compared with Saskatchewan children, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, standing height, parental smoking, and gas cooking. There were no statistically significant regional differences in the pulmonary flow parameters (P > 0.05). 54 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  12. Regional analysis of non-methane hydrocarbons and meteorology of the rural southeast United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagerman, L.M.

    1996-11-01

    Measurements of non-methane hydrocarbons, as well as ozone, meteorological and trace gas data, were made at four rural sites located within the southeastern United States as a part of the Southern Oxidants Study. Fifty-six C2-C10 hydrocarbons were collected from 1200-1300 local time, once every six days from September 1992 through October 1993. The measurements were made in an effort to enhance the understanding of the behavior and trends of ozone and other photochemical oxidants in this region. The light molecular weight alkanes (ethane, propane, n-butane, iso-butane), ethene and acetylene display a seasonal variation with a winter maximum and summer minimum. Isoprene was virtually non-existent during the winter at all sites, and averaged from 9.8 ppbC (Yorkville, GA) to 21.15 ppbC (Centreville, AL) during the summer. The terpene concentration was greatest in the summer with averages ranging between 3.19 ppbC (Centreville, AL) to 6.38 ppbC (Oak Grove, MS), but was also emitted during the winter months, with a range of 1.25 to 1.9 ppbC for all sites. Propylene-equivalent concentrations were calculated to account for differences in reaction rates between the hydroxyl radical and individual hydrocarbons, and to thereby estimate their relative contribution to ozone, especially in regards to the highly reactive biogenic compounds such as isoprene. It was calculated that biogenics represent at least 65% of the total non-methane hydrocarbon sum at these four sites during the summer season when considering propylene-equivalent concentrations. An ozone episode which occurred from July 20 to July 24 1993 was used as an example to show ozone profiles at each of the sites, and to show the effect of synoptic meteorology on high ozone by examining NOAA daily weather maps and climatic data.

  13. Nutritional significance and acceptance of solar-dried foods of rural Leyte Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanson, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    Training in solar dryer construction and food preservation was provided to villagers in three barangays in rural Leyte, Philippines. A 24 hour dietary recall assessed dietary status of the women prior to the solar dried food intervention. Nutrients of greatest dietary concern were thiamine, vitamin A, riboflavin, iron and energy.

  14. "Table HC8.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Home Appliances Usage Indicators",,"City","Town","Suburbs","Rural" "Total",111.1,47.1,19,22.7,22.3 "Cooking Appliances" "Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked" "3 or More Times A Day",8.2,3.7,1.6,1.4,1.5 "2

  15. "Table HC8.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Space Heating Usage Indicators",,"City","Town","Suburbs","Rural" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,47.1,19,22.7,22.3 "Do Not Have Heating Equipment",1.2,0.7,"Q",0.2,"Q" "Have Space Heating

  16. Systemic inflammatory changes and increased oxidative stress in rural Indian women cooking with biomass fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutta, Anindita; Department of Experimental Hematology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026 ; Ray, Manas Ranjan; Banerjee, Anirban

    2012-06-15

    The study was undertaken to investigate whether regular cooking with biomass aggravates systemic inflammation and oxidative stress that might result in increase in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in rural Indian women compared to cooking with a cleaner fuel like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). A total of 635 women (median age 36 years) who cooked with biomass and 452 age-matched control women who cooked with LPG were enrolled. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were measured by ELISA. Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by leukocytes was measured by flow cytometry, and erythrocytic superoxide dismutase (SOD) was measured by spectrophotometry. Hypertension was diagnosed following the Seventh Report of the Joint Committee. Tachycardia was determined as pulse rate > 100 beats per minute. Particulate matter of diameter less than 10 and 2.5 ?m (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}, respectively) in cooking areas was measured using real-time aerosol monitor. Compared with control, biomass users had more particulate pollution in indoor air, their serum contained significantly elevated levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-? and CRP, and ROS generation was increased by 37% while SOD was depleted by 41.5%, greater prevalence of hypertension and tachycardia compared to their LPG-using neighbors. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} levels were positively associated with markers of inflammation, oxidative stress and hypertension. Inflammatory markers correlated with raised blood pressure. Cooking with biomass exacerbates systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, hypertension and tachycardia in poor women cooking with biomass fuel and hence, predisposes them to increased risk of CVD development compared to the controls. Systemic inflammation and oxidative stress may be the mechanistic factors involved in the development of CVD. -- Highlights: ? Effect of chronic biomass smoke exposure on cardiovascular

  17. Renewable energy-based electricity for rural social and economic development in Ghana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weingart, J.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a project whose goals include the establishment of a pilot renewable energy-based rural energy services enterprise to serve communities in the Mamprusi East District, focused on: economically productive activities; community services; household non-thermal energy. The program also seeks to establish the technical, economic, financial, institutional, and socio-cultural requirements for sustainability, to demonstrate bankability and financial sustainability, as a pre-investment prelude to commercial growth of such projects, and to establish technical, financial, and service performance standards for private sector rural energy service companies. This project is being implemented now because the government is undergoing structural reform, including privatization of the power sector, there is active foreign capital available for international development, and the government and people are committed to and able to pay for renewable energy services.

  18. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W.

    1999-03-29

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  19. Rural electric cooperatives and the cost structure of the electric power industry: A multiproduct analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, D.M.

    1992-01-01

    Since 1935, the federal government of the United States has administered a program designed to make electricity available to rural Americans. This dissertation traces the history of the rural electrification program, as well as its costs. While the Congress intended to simply provide help in building the capital structure of rural electric distribution systems, the program continues to flourish some 35 years after these systems first fully covered the countryside. Once the rural distribution systems were built, the government began to provide cooperatives with billions of dollars in subsidized loans for the generation of electric power. Although this program costs the taxpayers nearly $1 billion per year, no one has ever tested its efficacy. The coops' owner/members do not have the right to trade their individual ownership shares. The RECs do not fully exploit the scale and scope economies observed in the investor-owned sector of this industry. This dissertation compares the relative productive efficiencies of the RECs and the investor-owned electric utilities (IOUs) in the United States. Using multiproduct translog cost functions, the estimated costs of cooperatives are compared to those of IOUs in providing identical output bundles. Three separate products are considered as outputs: (1) wholesale power; (2) power sold to large industrial customers; and (3) power sold to residential and commercial customers. It is estimated that, were the RECs forced to pay market prices for their inputs, their costs would exceed those incurred by the IOUs by about 24 percent. Several policy recommendations are made: (1) the RECs should be converted to stockholder-owned, tax-paying corporations; (2) the government should discontinue its subsidized loan program; (3) the government should sell its hydroelectric power at market prices, nullifying the current preference given to cooperatives and municipal distributors in the purchase of this currently underpriced power.

  20. Biomass power for rural development. Quarterly report, September 23, 1996--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, J.T.

    1997-02-01

    Goals for the biomass power for rural development include: expanded feedstock research and demonstration activities to provide soil-specific production costs and yield data, as well as better methods for harvest and transport; four thousand acres of feedstock available for fueling a commercial venture; comparison of the feasibility of gasification and cocombustion; designs for on-site switchgrass handling and feeding system; a detailed assessment of utilizing switchgrass for gasification and cocombustion to generate electricity using turbines and fuel cells.

  1. Surprise Valley Electrification Corp. Recovery Act: Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric &

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Surprise Valley Electrification Corp. Recovery Act: Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture DE-EE0003006 Final Scientific Report Principal Investigator: E. Lynn Culp Team Members: Brad Kresge, General Manager Jane Eaton, Finance Manager SVEC Board of Directors Jeff Mann & Chun Chin, POWER Engineers Roy Mink, Geologist Silvio Pezzopane, Geologist January 12, 2016 Table of Contents Executive Summary 4 Project Objectives 6 Sustainable and Reliable Competitively

  2. Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting & Processing Specific Woody Feedstocks into Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review March 24, 2015 Technology Area Review Steve Kelley, NCSU Rick Gustafson, U of WA Elaine Oneil, CORRIM Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting & Processing Specific Woody Feedstocks into Biofuels 2 | Bioenergy Technologies Office Goal Statement Woody biomass converted into durable wood products can sequester carbon for 20-70 years, offering an immediate carbon offset. Thus, there is a need to understand how woody biomass can also contribute to

  3. Increases in electric rates in rural areas. Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, June 4, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Seven witnesses representing rural electric utilities and cooperatives spoke at a June 4, 1980 hearing to discuss which inflationary factors are increasing rural electric rates. The Committee recognized that the problem is not unique to rural systems. In their testimony, the witnesses noted increasing urbanization of rural areas; the cost of generating plant construction, fuel, and operating expenses; general economic factors of inflation and high interest rates; and regulations as major contributing factors to utility requests for rate increases. The hearing record includes their testimony, additional material submitted for the record, and responses to questions from the subcommittee. (DCK)

  4. Fossil and Contemporary Fine Carbon Fractions at 12 Rural and Urban Sites in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schichtel, B; Malm, W; Bench, G; Fallon, S; McDade, C; Chow, J

    2007-03-01

    Fine particulate matter collected at two urban, four near-urban, and six remote sites throughout the United States were analyzed for total carbon (TC) and radiocarbon ({sup 14}C). Samples were collected at most sites for both a summer and winter season. The radiocarbon was used to partition the TC into fossil and contemporary fractions. On average, contemporary carbon composed about half of the carbon at the urban, {approx}70-97% at near-urban, and 82-100% at remote sites. At Phoenix, Arizona, and Seattle, Washington, one monitor was located within the urban center and one outside to assess the urban excess over background concentrations. During the summer the urban and rural sites had similar contemporary carbon concentrations. However, during the winter the urban sites had more than twice the contemporary carbon measured at the neighboring sites, indicating anthropogenic contributions to the contemporary carbon. The urban fossil carbon was 4-20 times larger than the neighboring rural sites for both seasons. Organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) from TOR analysis were available. These and the radiocarbon data were used to estimate characteristic fossil and contemporary EC/TC ratios for the winter and summer seasons. These ratios were applied to carbon data from the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments network to estimate the fraction of contemporary carbon at mostly rural sites throughout the United States. In addition, the ratios were used to develop a semiquantitative, lower bound estimate of secondary organic carbon (SOC) contribution to fossil and contemporary carbon. SOC accounted for more than one-third of the fossil and contemporary carbon.

  5. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Rural Development Inc., Wisdom Way Solar Village, Greenfield, MA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    With design assistance and energy analysis from the U.S. Department of Energy's CARB Building America research team, led by Steven Winter Associates, the nonprofit builder Rural Development, Inc., built Wisdom Way Solar Village, a community of 20 energy-efficient solar duplexes in western Massachusetts in 2010. The homes achieve HERS scores of 8 to 18 with a highly insulated enclosure, energy-saving equipment, and solar water heating to give home owners heating savings of nearly $2,200 per year.

  6. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    The development of third world rural areas depends largely on the availability of energy and for an improvement in agricultural production; an increase in energy consumption is required. It seems attractive to replace the fossil liquid fuels needed for machinery by locally produced fuels. The thermal gasification of agricultural waste which produces gas that can be used directly to drive engines is suggested. A study to identify the social and economic advantages of this process and its applicability in rural areas of Tanzania has been made.

  7. Basic needs, rural financial markets, and appropriate technology: Toward a solution of analytical and policy issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farooq, M.O.

    1988-01-01

    The failure of the standard Growth Approach to economic development to solve the problems of underdevelopment in LDCs has caused an alternative approach, Basic Needs Approach (BNA), to attain prominence in development thought. BNA emphasizes poverty-minimizing growth. Its strategy of direct attack on poverty has better potential for LDCs' development and fulfillment of their populations' basic needs than the trickle-down mechanism of the Growth Approach. BNA requires, among other things, (a) suitable rural financial markets (RFMs) as parts of the overall financial system, and (b) indigenous technological capabilities. The financial system, if it functions as a central element in an institutionalized technology policy, can link technology-related institutions that generate, evaluate, and promote appropriate technologies (ATs) with RFMs that can support adoption and diffusion of ATs in the agro-rural sector. The above argument uses Bangladesh as a case for illustration. In the light of an institutional framework presented, examined, and extended in this dissertation, it is found that Bangladesh currently does not have an institutionalized technology policy. The current organizational framework and policies related to technological development are not conducive to BNA.

  8. Renewable Energy for Water Pumping Applications In Rural Villages; Period of Performance: April 1, 2001--September 1, 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argaw, N.; Foster, R.; Ellis, A.

    2003-07-01

    This report introduces conventional and renewable energy sources for water pumping applications in rural villages by reviewing the technologies and illustrating typical applications. As energy sources for water pumping, the report discusses diesel/gasoline/kerosene engines, grid power supplies, traditional windmills, electrical wind turbines, and PV.

  9. First self-assembled superconductor structure created > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Materials Center at Cornell First self-assembled superconductor structure created January 29th, 2016 › By Tom Fleischman Lindsay France/University Photography Group leader Ulrich Wiesner, right, the Spencer T. Olin Professor of Engineering, and graduate student and co-lead author Peter Beaucage, second from right, hold models of the self-assembled gyroid superconductor the group created. Also pictured are Bruce van Dover, left, professor in the Department of Materials Science and

  10. Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center at Cornell Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award May 1st, 2016 › James Pastore, a member in the Abruña lab, is a recipient of the Chemistry and Chemical Biology Bauer Scholarship Award. He was chosen by the faculty among a group of top students who were nominated on basis of their outstanding academic and research performances, as well as scholarly activities. This award is funded by a gift from the late Simon Bauer, who joined the Cornell chemistry faculty in 1939 and received

  11. Letchworth-Weaver awarded 2015 Argonne National Lab Fellowship > EMC2 News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Let's Try That Again: Selling the Teapot Dome Oil Field Let's Try That Again: Selling the Teapot Dome Oil Field January 30, 2015 - 11:28am Addthis A solitary oil pump at the Teapot Dome Oilfield in Wyoming. | Department of Energy photo. A solitary oil pump at the Teapot Dome Oilfield in Wyoming. | Department of Energy photo. Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs In 1922, President Warren Harding's Interior Secretary Albert Fall found

  12. Paul Mutolo talks about Honorable Transportation - TEDxChemungRiver > EMC2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell Paul Mutolo talks about Honorable Transportation - TEDxChemungRiver January 4th, 2016 › Dr. Paul Mutolo spoke at TEDxChemungRiver 2015 in Corning, New York back in November. To view the video, go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xdq5H23qcY0. While Paul is a scientist and an entrepreneur, he is, at his heart, an environmentalist who believes advancements in alternative energy haven't come far enough. He is ever mindful of how the creation

  13. Polymer breakthrough could revolutionize water purification > EMC2 News >

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Energy Materials Center at Cornell breakthrough could revolutionize water purification December 21st, 2015 › By Tom Fleischman Dichtel Group A porous material made from cup-shaped cyclodextrins, which rapidly bind pollutants and remove them from contaminated water. We've all seen the Febreze air fresheners, which employ a derivative of corn starch to trap invisible air pollutants in the home and remove unwanted odors. A team of Cornell researchers has used the same material found in

  14. Polymer mold makes perfect silicon nanostructures > EMC2 News > The Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Center at Cornell mold makes perfect silicon nanostructures July 2nd, 2015 › By Anne Ju Wiesner lab Scanning electron microscopy micrographs show a periodically ordered mesoporous gyroidal resin template (A and B) and the resulting laser-induced crystalline silicon nanostructure after template removal (C and D). Using molds to shape things is as old as humanity. In the Bronze Age, the copper-tin alloy was melted and cast into weapons in ceramic molds. Today, injection and

  15. CHESS X-rays show how to grow crystals from crystals > EMC2 News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    done one at the time. Wide-angle X-ray scattering is used for relatively smaller-scale characterization, revealing information on how atomic planes within individual...

  16. A new generation of engineers > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cornell A new generation of engineers October 15th, 2015 › Article excerpt from Vol. VIII No. 1, Fall 2015 Engineers as entrepreneurs After Samuel F.B. Morse and Ezra Cornell's successful intercity test of the telegraph, Cornell partnered with Morse to run lines between more cities. The engineer once contracted to work behind the scenes found himself the owner of his own company and eventually a major shareholder of Western Union Telegraph Co. Cornell's entrepreneurial spirit transformed

  17. Multiferroic heroics put instant-on computing in sight > EMC2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Pastore wins Bauer ... given by the compasses, with an electric field (blue) applied across the gold capacitors. ...

  18. Room-temperature lithium metal battery closer to reality > EMC2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Room-temperature lithium metal battery closer to reality February 3rd, 2016 By Tom ... The relative non-conductivity and brittleness of such barriers, however, means the battery ...

  19. McGovern incubator embraces Embark and Ecolectro > EMC2 News > The Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Center at Cornell McGovern incubator embraces Embark and Ecolectro January 11th, 2016 › By Blaine Friedlander Jason Koski/Univeristy Photography From left, Ecolectro's Kristina Hugar, Gabriel Rodriguez-Calero and Robert Lewis enjoy their new laboratory space at the McGovern Center. Jason Koski/University Photography Adam Boyko, right, and David Riccardi flank McGovern Center Director Lou Walcer, as they receive a ceremonial key to their new space. To kick off the new year,

  20. Team devises new way for stabilizing battery recharge > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Materials Center at Cornell Team devises new way for stabilizing battery recharge July 15th, 2016 › By Tom Fleischman Lynden Archer/Provided An illustration of the electrolyte inside a rechargeable battery, with the large blue spheres representing the immobile anions tethered to a solid matrix. The small red and green spheres represent the positive and negative ions, respectively; at left are dendrites, whose growth is limited by the immobilized anions. It seems like fairly simple

  1. Chemist Will Dichtel earns MacArthur 'Genius Award' > EMC2 News > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Materials Center at Cornell Chemist Will Dichtel earns MacArthur 'Genius Award' September 29th, 2015 › By Blaine Friedlander Heather Ainsworth Will Dichtel, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, works in his lab on Sept. 15. Will Dichtel, Cornell associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, whose innovations may allow for ample electricity and for detecting trace amounts of explosives, has received a 2015 MacArthur Foundation Fellowship. In its announcement today,

  2. Cornell dots research collaboration leads to $10M cancer center > EMC2 News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell dots research collaboration leads to $10M cancer center September 24th, 2015 › Provided/Wiesner Lab A rendering of the molecular structure of a Cornell dot, which is smaller than 10 nanometers. Provided/Wiesner Lab A transmission electron microscope image of Cornell dots. C dots, which are injected into patients, are designed to either adhere to and light up cancer cells or quickly leave the body. Cornell University, in partnership with Memorial

  3. Cornell spinoff Novomer receives national award > EMC2 News > The Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Center at Cornell spinoff Novomer receives national award August 28th, 2015 › By Anne Ju The three co-founders of Novomer, a startup company based on Cornell research, have received the 2016 Kathryn C. Hach Award for Entrepreneurial Success from the American Chemical Society (ACS), the society has announced. Company Vice President Scott Allen, Ph.D. '04; founding CEO and board Chairman Anthony Eisenhut '88; and Geoffrey Coates, professor of chemistry and chemical biology,

  4. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, May 1, 1996--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1996-02-01

    Developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000 is the focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Facette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. There will be testing of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials expected to occur at BED`s McNeill power station and potentially at one of GPU`s facilities. Phase-III will represent full-scale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. Willow has been selected as the energy crop of choice for many reasons. Willow is well suited to the climate of the Northeastern United States, and initial field trials have demonstrated that the yields required for the success of the project are obtainable. Like other energy crops, willow has rural development benefits and could serve to diversify local crop production, provide new sources of income for participating growers, and create new jobs. Willow could be used to put a large base of idle acreage back into crop production. Additionally, the willow coppicing system integrates well with current farm operations and utilizes agricultural practices that are already familiar to farmers.

  5. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    According to the evaluation criteria presented, the gasification of corn cobs is acceptable from the economical and agricultural point of view in the rural areas around Arusha (Tanzania). The gasification system is of relatively simple construction and local maintenance is possible. If the system is connected to the already existing corn mills in the villages, it is appropriate to the existing socio-cultural system. The economic calculations made clear that the use of gasification is attractive for both the owners of the corn mill and the government. The advantages for the government are the savings on imported oil and the extra income created for the users of the corn mill (inhabitants of the rural villages). The government loses income from taxes and from the production and transport of diesel oil. Evaluation methods presented can and should be used for gasification projects in other areas.

  6. Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denise Baclawski

    2010-03-08

    The University of Nevada, Reno Fire Science Academy (FSA) applied for grant funding to develop and deliver programs for municipal, rural, and volunteer firefighters. The FSA specializes in preparing responders for a variety of emergency events, including flammable liquid fires resulting from accidents, intentional acts, or natural disasters. Live fire training on full scale burnable props is the hallmark of FSA training, allowing responders to practice critical skills in a realistic, yet safe environment. Unfortunately, flammable liquid live fire training is often not accessible to municipal, rural, or volunteer firefighters due to limited department training budgets, even though most department personnel will be exposed to flammable liquid fire incidents during the course of their careers. In response to this training need, the FSA developed a course during the first year of the grant (Year One), Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters. During the three years of the grant, a total of 2,029 emergency responders received this training. In Year Three, two new courses, a train-the-trainer for Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community and Management of Large-Scale Disasters for Public Officials were developed and pilot tested during the Real-World Disaster Management Conference held at the FSA in June of 2007. Two research projects were conducted during Years Two and Three. The first, conducted over a two year period, evaluated student surveys regarding the value of the flammable liquids training received. The second was a needs assessment conducted for rural Nevada. Both projects provided important feedback and a basis for curricula development and improvements.

  7. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, January 1, 1997--March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1997-08-01

    Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

  8. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, Phase 2, July 1--September 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1999-01-01

    The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase 1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and forging the necessary agreements to demonstrate commercial willow production. The Phase 1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boiler for 20 MW of biopower capacity; developing fuel supply plans for the project with a goal of establishing 365 ha (900 ac) of willow; obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase 2; obtaining construction and environmental permits; and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase 1 requirements, the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and has initiated development of the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. In Phase 2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow biomass will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase 2 is to transition the work performed under the Biomass Power for Rural Development project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

  9. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, April 1, 1997--June 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1997-08-01

    Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-H of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

  10. Biomass power for rural development: Phase 2. Technical progress report, April 1--June 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-11-01

    The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase-1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and agreements necessary to demonstrate commercial willow production in Phase-2. The Phase-1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boilers, developing fuel supply plans for the project, obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase-2, obtaining construction and environmental permits, and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase-1 requirements the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and developed the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. This past summer 105 acres were prepared in advance for the spring planting in 1998. Having completed the above tasks, the Consortium is well positioned to begin Phase-2. In phase-2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase-2 is to transition the work performed under the Rural Energy for the Future project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

  11. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, October 1--December 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-05-01

    The focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored biomass power for rural development project is to develop commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-2 of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is underway. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill Power Station. Phase-3 will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. During the fourth quarter of 1997 the Consortium submitted a Phase-2 proposal. A few of the other more important milestones are outlined below. The first quarter of 1998 will be dominated by pre-planting activity in the spring.

  12. Assessment of particulate concentrations from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brauer, M.; Bartlett, K.; Regalado-Pineda, J.; Perez-Padilla, R.

    1996-01-01

    Recent evidence has suggested that woodsmoke exposure in developed countries is associated with acute and chronic health impacts. Particulate concentrations were measured in rural Mexican kitchens using biomass combustion for cooking. To investigate differences in indoor particle concentrations between kitchens using different fuels and stove types, measurements were made in eight kitchens using only biomass, six using only liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), six using a combination of biomass and LPG, and three using biomass in ventilated stoves. Outdoor samples were collected at the same time as the indoor samples. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} measurements were made with inertial impactors, and particle light scattering was measured continuously with an integrating nephelometer. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} concentrations (mean concentrations of 768 and 555 {mu}g m{sup -3}, respectively) in the kitchens burning only biomass were greater than in all other types (biomass > biomass + LPG > ventilated > LPG > outdoor). A similar trend was evident for the indoor/outdoor concentration ratio. Based on the short-term measurements estimated from the nephelometer data, PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} cooking period average and 5-min peak concentrations were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in kitchens using only biomass than in those using LPG, a combination of LPG and biomass, or a ventilated biomass stove. 20 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Selenium intakes of children from rural Malawi and Papua New Guinea (PNG)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donovan, U.; Gibson, R.S.; Ferguson, E.L.; Ounpuu, S.; Heywood, P. Papua New Guinea Inst. of Medical Research, Medang )

    1991-03-11

    Selenium intakes of 66 rural Malawian children aged 4-6 y consuming maize-based diets were compared with those of 67 Papua New Guinea (PNG) children aged 6-10 y with diets based on bananas, sweet potatoes, and sago. Representative samples of all staple foods consumed were collected, dried, ground and subsequently analyzed for Se by instrumental neutron activation analysis using {sup 77}Se. Median Se intakes for the Malawian children determined by weighed 3-day records at 3 seasons of the year were: harvest 20 {mu}g/d, 1.24 {mu}g/kg; postharvest 21 {mu}g/d, 1.24 {mu}g/kg; preharvest 15 {mu}g/d, 0.96 {mu}g/kg. For the PNG children the median intake during the rainy season, assessed from two 24 hr interactive recalls, was 20 {mu}g/d, 0.89 {mu}g/kg. Four food groups contributed to {ge}95% of the total Se intake for both the Malawian and the PNG children. Of the children, 55% of the Malawian and 87% of the PNG had average Se intakes {lt} US Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA); 16% and 48% respectively, had intakes {lt}66% US RDA. Average Se intakes were below those reported for US and Australian children but above those of children from New Zealand where Se intakes are low.

  14. Diffusional motion of redox centers in carbonate electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Kee Sung; Rajput, Nav Nidhi; Persson, Kristin A.; Wei, Xiaoliang; Wang, Wei; Hu, Jian Zhi; Mueller, Karl T.

    2014-09-14

    Ferrocene (Fc) and N-(ferrocenylmethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-N-ethylammonium bistrifluoromethyl-sulfonimide (Fc1N112-TFSI) were dissolved in carbonate solvents and self-diffusion coefficients (D) of solutes and solvents were measured by {sup 1}H and {sup 19}F pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The organic solvents were propylene carbonate (PC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC), and a ternary mixture that also includes ethylene carbonate (EC). Results from NMR studies over the temperature range of 050 C and for various concentrations (0.251.7 M) of Fc1N112-TFSI are compared to values of D simulated with classical molecular dynamics (MD). The measured self-diffusion coefficients gradually decreased as the Fc1N112-TFSI concentration increased in all solvents. Since TFSI{sup ?} has fluoromethyl groups (CF{sub 3}), D{sub TFSI} could be measured separately and the values found are larger than those for D{sub Fc1N112} in all samples measured. The EC, PC, and EMC have the same D in the neat solvent mixture and when Fc is dissolved in EC/PC/EMC at a concentration of 0.2 M, probably due to the interactions between common carbonyl structures within EC, PC, and EMC. A difference in D (D{sub PC} < D{sub EC} < D{sub EMC}), and both a higher E{sub a} for translational motion and higher effective viscosity for PC in the mixture containing Fc1N112-TFSI reflect the interaction between PC and Fc1N112{sup +}, which is a relatively stronger interaction than that between Fc1N112{sup +} and other solvent species. In the EC/PC/EMC solution that is saturated with Fc1N112-TFSI, we find that D{sub PC} = D{sub EC} = D{sub EMC} and Fc1N112{sup +} and all components of the EC/PC/EMC solution have the same E{sub a} for translational motion, while the ratio D{sub EC/PC/EMC}/D{sub Fc1N112} is approximately 3. These results reflect the lack of available free volume for independent diffusion in the saturated solution. The Fc1N112{sup +} transference numbers lie around 0

  15. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, July 1--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-03-01

    The focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored biomass power for rural development project is to develop commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-2 of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is underway. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-3 will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. During the third quarter of 1997, much of the Consortium`s effort has focused on outreach activities, continued feedstock development, fuel supply planning, and fuel contract development, and preparation for 1998 scale-up activities. The Consortium also submitted a Phase-1 extension proposal during this period. A few of the more important milestones are outlined below. The fourth quarter of 1997 is expected to be dominated by Phase-II proposal efforts and planning for 1998 activities.

  16. The method of solid fermentation of biogas in Chinese rural areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, Y.; Zhao, Z.

    1983-12-01

    This report describes laboratory experimental results of solid method of biogas fermentation by using farm stalks and livestock manure as raw materials but without hydraulic pressure. Under natural conditions of ordinary temperature, the average rate of biogas production for 100 days has increased from 0.13 m/sup 3//m/sup 3/ of materials per day by using hydraulic pressure to 0.37 m/sup 3//m/sup 3/ of materials per day with dry method. The amount of gas produced per kg by the volatile solid material increases about 14% and there is little change in the methane content of the biogas. At present the biogas fermentation by means of hydraulic pressure in Chinese rural areas has certain special features, but there are disadvantages of low rate of biogas production and difficulty in filling and taking off materials. It requires about 100 dans (50 kg = 1 dan) of water to fill a digester. Hence a lot of labour is required. And, without stirring, it may easily result in separation of material and liquid in two layers and the formation of scum of the floating materials. It is thus unfavorable for microbial activities. According to our previous experiments and the reports of other workers, one of the important reasons for the low rate of biogas production is due to insufficient total solid (TS) content of the fermentation material. In this experiment, the authors used the method of solid fermentation instead of hydraulic pressure and obtained nearly double the rate of biogas production using smaller digesters which did not require as much labor to fill and remove materials.

  17. Floorspace

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... "Energy Management and" " Control System (EMCS) ......",15630,15457,14644,... "Energy Management and" " Control System (EMCS)" " For Lighting ...

  18. Prof. Héctor Abruña wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award > EMC2 News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell Prof. Héctor Abruña wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award June 30th, 2016 › Dr. Héctor Abruña is the most recent winner of the Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal, which is given out by the International Society of Electrochemistry and may be awarded every two years to the person judged to have made the most significant contribution to electrochemistry in recent years. It is in recognition of his sustained excellent multidisciplinary studies

  19. 10 Start-Ups to Watch > EMC2 News > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Mechanical Engineer: Michael Brambley 10 Questions for a Mechanical Engineer: Michael Brambley July 17, 2013 - 1:51pm Addthis Pictured here is Michael Brambley in front of equipment that supplies chilled water to PNNL Building Diagnostics Laboratory's air handler. The cooled air from an air handler is distributed to terminal boxes, which are the last point for controlling air temperature and flow before distributing it throughout a building zone. In a new control strategy for

  20. Guidelines to assist rural electric cooperatives to fulfill the requirements of Sections 201 and 210 of PURPA for cogeneration and small power production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01

    These guidelines were designed to assist National Rural Electric Cooperative Association staff and consultants involved in the implementation of Sections 201 and 210 of the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). The guidelines were structured to meet anticipated use as: a self-contained legal, technical and economic reference manual helpful in dealing with small power producers and cogenerators; a roadmap through some of the less obvious obstacles encountered by utilities interacting with small power producers and cogenerators; a starting point for those utilities who have not yet formulated specific policies and procedures, nor developed rates for purchasing power from small power producers and cogenerators; a discussion vehicle to highlight key issues and increase understanding in workshop presentations to rural electric cooperatives; and an evolutionary tool which can be updated to reflect changes in the law as they occur. The chapters in these Guidelines contain both summary information, such as compliance checklists, and detailed information, such as cost rate calculations, on regulatory requirements, operational considerations, and rate considerations. The appendices contain more specific material, e.g. rural electric cooperative sample policy statements. (LCL)

  1. Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

    2009-09-17

    ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

  2. Increasing biogas yield of rural biogas digester by addition of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, G.C.; Chen, G.Q.; Chen, M.; Liu, K.X.; Zhou, S.Y.

    1983-12-01

    By addition of 0.3% NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ instead of animal manure into rural biogas digester in which the rotted rice straw was the major feedstock, the biogas yield doubled in comparison with the check digester (0.1 m/sup 3//m/sup 3//d) and the fertility of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ did not decrease because of biogas fermentation. Many digesters have been built in China. But, owing to the problems of improper management, unsuitable influent mixing, etc., neither digesters nor feedstock were fully utilized. In order to solve these problems, adding NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ into digester instead of animal manure was tried. Its results showed that the suitable C/N ratio of influent mixing was obtained, the fertility of effluent went up, and biogas producing rate increased. The concentration of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ is 0.2-0.6%, but the optimal is 0.3%.

  3. Strategic Plan for Coordinating Rural Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Transit Development in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truett, L.F.

    2002-12-19

    The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located along the border between North Carolina and Tennessee, is the most visited national park in the United States. This rugged, mountainous area presents many transportation challenges. The immense popularity of the Smokies and the fact that the primary mode of transportation within the park is the personal vehicle have resulted in congestion, damage to the environment, impacts on safety, and a degraded visitor experience. Access to some of the Smokies historical, cultural, and recreational attractions via a mass transit system could alleviate many of the transportation issues. Although quite a few organizations are proponents of a mass transit system for the Smokies, there is a lack of coordination among all parties. In addition, many local residents are not completely comfortable with the idea of transit in the Smokies. This document provides a brief overview of the current transportation needs and limitations in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, identifies agencies and groups with particular interests in the Smokies, and offers insights into the benefits of using Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies in the Smokies. Recommendations for the use of rural ITS transit to solve two major transportation issues are presented.

  4. Diffusional Motion of Redox Centers in Carbonate Electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Kee Sung; Rajput, Nav Nidhi; Wei, Xiaoliang; Wang, Wei; Hu, Jian Z.; Persson, Kristin A.; Mueller, Karl T.

    2014-09-14

    Ferrocene (Fc) and N-(ferrocenylmethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-N-ethylammonium bistrifluoromethyl-sulfonimide (Fc1N112-TFSI) were dissolved in carbonate solvents and self diffusion coefficents (D) of solutes and solvents were measured by 1H and 19F pulsed field gradient (PFG) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The organic solvents were propylene carbonate (PC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) and a ternary mixture that also includes ethylene carbonate (EC). Results from NMR studies over the temperature range of 0-50 C and for various concentrations (0.25 - 1.7 M) of Fc1N112-TFSI are compared to values of D simulated with classical molecular dynamics (MD). The measured self-diffusion coefficients gradually decreased as the Fc1N112-TFSI concentration increased in all solvents. Since the peaks for the two ions (Fc1N212 and TFSI) are separated in one-dimensional NMR spectra, separate diffusion coefficients could be measured and DTFSI is larger than DFc1N112 in all samples measured. The EC, PC and EMC have the same D in the neat solvent mixture and when Fc is dissolved in EC/PC/EMC at a concentration of 0.2 M, probably due to the interactions between common carbonyl structures within EC, PC and EMC. A difference in D (DPC < DEC < DEMC), and both a higher Ea for translational motion and higher effective viscosity for PC in the mixture containing Fc1N112-TFSI reflect the interaction between PC and Fc1N112+, which is a relatively stronger interaction than that between Fc1N112+ and other solvent species. In the EC/PC/EMC solution that is saturated with Fc1N112-TFSI, we find that DPC = DEC = DEMC and Fc1N112+ and all components of the EC/PC/EMC solution have the same Ea for translational motion, while the ratio DEC/PC/EMC/DFc1N112+ is approximately 3. These results reflect the lack of available free volume for independent diffusion in the saturated solution. The Fc1N112+ transference numbers lie around 0.4 and increases slightly as the temperature is increased in the PC and

  5. Rural Development: Rural Energy for America Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... located in the 100 year flood plain (without a mitigation plan); * RES or EEI for MarijuanaIndustrial Hemp based business; 14 Project eligibility...Project Costs Eligible ...

  6. Impacts of alternative residential energy standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A.A.; Heidell, J.A.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lee, A.D.; Pratt, R.G.; Taylor, Z.T.

    1985-11-01

    This report has examined the role of manufactured housing in the housing market, the energy impacts of three manufactured housing standards and three site-built standards in 13 cities, and the economic impacts of those standards in 6 cities. The three standards applied to manufactured housing are the HUD Title VI standard (Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards, or MHCSS), the Hud Title II-E standard, and the existing FmHA Title V standard. Those applied to site-built homes are the HUD Minimum Property Standards (MPS), the ASHRAE 90A-80 standard, and the FmHA Title V standard. Based on energy consumption alone, these analyses show that the FmHA Title V standard is the most stringent standard for both housing types (a single-section menufactured home and a single-story detached ''ranch house''). The HUD Title VI standard is the least stringent for manufactured homes, while the HUD Minimum Property Standards are the least stringent for site-built homes. Cost-effectiveness comparisons required by the Act were made for the two prototypical homes. Results of this preliminary economic analysis indicate that none of the site-built standards reflect minimum life-cycle cost as a basic criterion of their development. For manufactured homes, both the FmHA standard and the HUD Title II-E standard reduce life-cycle cost and effect positive first-year cash flows in all cities analyzed when electric resistance heating is assumed. When natural gas heating is used, both standards pass the life-cycle cost test in all cities, but the FmHA standard fails the cash flow test in all but one city. However, in the worst case, net monthly expenditures in the first year are increased by less than $9.

  7. Biomass power for rural development. Quarterly report, January 1, 1997--April 1, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, J.T.

    1997-05-01

    The following information summarizes the major areas of project activities accomplished during the last quarter. Activities addressing conversion technology have been geared towards gathering information and drawing comparisons to specific project need. Of major benefit was the trip taken to Denmark by Project Manager, Edward Woolsey. The first section of this report provides an overview of his experiences and findings. As a follow up to this trip, representatives from Iowa State University and from IES Utilities will also visit some of these facilities. Their information will be included in the next report. At the supply development level, the RC&D has been working to identify and organize producers of swithgrass. A major accomplishment has been the formation of the Prairie Lands Bio-Products group. This association will explore different business structures that energy crop producers can use to supply biomass and to effectively market their materials to the energy industry. Thus, the group will begin to interact with IES in the next few months to determine how the supplier and the utility must interact to establish a working relationship and to efficiently provide biomass as a boiler fuel. Other major areas of focus for the group will be the development and implementation of risk management strategies to overcome income loss and allow acreage increases during market development. These strategies include the development of niche markets for swithgrass, the use of CRP lands, and outside sources of cost share for establishment.

  8. Rural Alaska Maintenance Partnership

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economic Development To develop a regionally supported enterprise for the purpose of ... feasibilitybusiness plan for Business side Build statewide understanding and alliance

  9. Photovoltaic rural electrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, N.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes projects taken on by the Solar Electric Light Fund in various developing countries to implement the use of Solar Home Systems. Such systems have seen dramatic drops in demand for kerosene from families purchasing such systems. They provide a source of power which does not put a carbon load back in the atmosphere, while providing power which can be used for lighting and other appliance usage.

  10. News > > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News + Events In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories News EMC2 News Center news updates 30 entries Archived News Stories Previous news stories from emc2 97 entries Home » News

  11. Burlington County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Burlington County, New Jersey EMC3, llc Emc3 LLC Solatec LLC formerly Solar Aero Places in Burlington County, New Jersey Beverly, New Jersey Bordentown, New Jersey...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Haywood EMC- Residential Heat Pump and Weatherization Loan Program Haywood EMC offers a low interest loan to residential customers to finance the purchase of an energy efficient...

  13. Electron Microscopy Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electron Microscopy Center Argonne Home > EMC > EMC Home Electron Microscopy Center Web Site has moved This page has moved to http:www.anl.govcnmgroupelectron-microscopy-cente...

  14. Application of satellite and GIS technologies for land-cover and land-use mapping at the rural-urban fringe - A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treitz, P.M.; Howarth, P.J.; Gong, Peng )

    1992-04-01

    SPOT HRV multispectral and panchromatic data were recorded and coregistered for a portion of the rural-urban fringe of Toronto, Canada. A two-stage digital analysis algorithm incorporating a spectral-class frequency-based contextual classification of eight land-cover and land-use classes resulted in an overall Kappa coefficient of 82.2 percent for training-area data and a Kappa coefficient of 70.3 percent for test-area data. A matrix-overlay analysis was then performed within the geographic information system (GIS) to combine the land-cover and land-use classes generated from the SPOT digital classification with zoning information for the area. The map that was produced has an estimated interpretation accuracy of 78 percent. Global Positioning System (GPS) data provided a positional reference for new road networks. These networks, in addition to the new land-cover and land-use map derived from the SPOT HRV data, provide an up-to-date synthesis of change conditions in the area. 51 refs.

  15. Optimization and life-cycle cost of health clinic PV system for a rural area in southern Iraq using HOMER software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Karaghouli, Ali; Kazmerski, L.L.

    2010-04-15

    This paper addresses the need for electricity of rural areas in southern Iraq and proposes a photovoltaic (PV) solar system to power a health clinic in that region. The total daily health clinic load is 31.6 kW h and detailed loads are listed. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) optimization computer model for distributed power, ''HOMER,'' is used to estimate the system size and its life-cycle cost. The analysis shows that the optimal system's initial cost, net present cost, and electricity cost is US$ 50,700, US$ 60,375, and US$ 0.238/kW h, respectively. These values for the PV system are compared with those of a generator alone used to supply the load. We found that the initial cost, net present cost of the generator system, and electricity cost are US$ 4500, US$ 352,303, and US$ 1.332/kW h, respectively. We conclude that using the PV system is justified on humanitarian, technical, and economic grounds. (author)

  16. Establishment and persistence of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) in disturbed soil as a function of an urban-rural macro-enviornment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis H. Ziska, Kate George, David A. Frenz

    2007-01-01

    No data are available on whether rising carbon dioxide concentration [CO2] or increased air temperature can alter the establishment and persistence of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) within a plant community following soil disturbance. To determine ragweed longevity, we exposed disturbed soil with a common seed bank population to an in situ temperature and [CO2] gradient along an urban-rural transect beginning in early 2002. No other consistent differences in meteorological variables (e.g. wind speed, humidity, PAR, tropospheric ozone) as a function of urbanization were documented over the course of the study (2002-2005). Above-ground measurements of biomass over this period demonstrated that ragweed along the transect responded to urban induced increases in [CO2]/temperature with peak biomass being observed at this location by the end of 2003. However, by the Fall of 2004, and continuing through 2005, urban ragweed populations had dwindled to a few plants. The temporal decline in ragweed populations was not associated with increased disease, herbivory or auto-allelopathy, but was part of a demographic reduction in the total number of annual plant species observed for the urban location. In a separate experiment, we showed that such a demographic shift is consistent with CO2/temperature induced increases in biomass and litter accumulation, with a subsequent reduction in germination / survival of annual plant species. Overall, these data indicate that [CO2]/temperature differences associated with urbanization may increase initial ragweed productivity and pollen production, but suggest that long-term, multi-year persistence of ragweed in the urban macro-environment may be dependent on other factors.

  17. System Effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, Danny H; Elwood Jr, Robert H

    2011-01-01

    An effective risk assessment system is needed to address the threat posed by an active or passive insider who, acting alone or in collusion, could attempt diversion or theft of nuclear material. It is critical that a nuclear facility conduct a thorough self-assessment of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system to evaluate system effectiveness. Self-assessment involves vulnerability analysis and performance testing of the MPC&A system. The process should lead to confirmation that mitigating features of the system effectively minimize the threat, or it could lead to the conclusion that system improvements or upgrades are necessary to achieve acceptable protection against the threat. Analysis of the MPC&A system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. Self-assessment helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's MPC&A system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MPC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MPC&A functions based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. A facility's MC&A system can be evaluated at a point in time and reevaluated after upgrades are implemented or after other system changes occur. The total system or specific subareas within the system can be evaluated. Areas of potential performance improvement or system upgrade can be assessed to determine where the most beneficial and cost-effective improvements should be made. Analyses of risk importance factors show that sustainability is essential for optimal performance. The analyses reveal where performance degradation has the greatest detrimental impact on total system risk and where performance improvements have the greatest reduction in system risk

  18. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series-- #1 Overview and Cost Effectiveness

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The first of a 6 part webinar series on the Rural Utility Service’s new Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program (EECLP).

  19. Rural Development's Rural Utilities Service (RUS) Electric Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... principal * Financing electric service to more than 90% of the Nation's persistent poverty counties that include out-migration or having other economic hardships for over 80 years ...

  20. Jefferson Lab: Research Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Physics Program Public Interest Nuclear Physics Accelerator FEL Medical Imaging Engineering Archive print version Experiment The Electric and Magnetic Elastic Proton Form Factor Ratio GEp/GMp Nuclear Dependence of the EMC Effect Precision Test of the Standard Model Strange Quarks in the Proton Generalized Parton Distributions Electric and Magnetic Proton Form Factors Neutron Charge Distribution Nucleon-Delta Transition Pion Form Factor Nucleon-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations

  1. Environmental assessment for the satellite power system concept development and evaluation program-electromagnetic systems compatibility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, K A; Grant, W B; Morrison, E L; Juroshek, J R

    1981-01-01

    The EMC analysis addressed only the direct effects of electromagnetic emissions from the SPS on other technological systems. Emissions were defined quite broadly, including not only those from the microwave system, but also thermal blackbody emission and scattered sunlight from the satellite. The analysis is based on the design for an SPS as described in the Reference System Report and some quantitative conclusions, e.g., ranges from rectenna sites at which effects are expected are specific to that design. The methodology and qualitative conclusions, however, apply to an SPS concept using microwave power transmission. Quantitative conclusions have been obtained parametrically and can be adjusted as SPS designs change. The electromagnetic environment that the Reference System would produce, and in which other systems would have to function, is described. As an early part of the EMC Assessment, the problems expected for a hypothetical rectenna site, in the Mojave Desert of southern California, were analyzed in detail. This effort provided an initial quantitative indication of the scope of potential EMC problems and indicated the importance of EMC considerations in rectenna site selection. The results of this analysis are presented. The effects of SPS microwave emissions on important categories of electronic systems and equipment are summarized, with many examples of test results and demonstrated techniques for mitigation of problems encountered. SPS effects on other satellite systems are presented. Astronomical research frequently involves measurement of extremely low levels of electromagnetic radiation and is thus very susceptible to interference. The concerns of both radio astronomy with microwave emissions from SPS and optical astronomy with sunlight scattered from SPS spacecraft are discussed. Summaries of mitigation techniques, cost estimates, and conclusions are presented. (WHK)

  2. Advanced Target Effects Modeling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Target Effects Modeling for Ion Accelerators and other High-Energy-Density ... ature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally ...

  3. Carroll Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Georgia Phone Number: 770-832-3552 Website: www.cemc.com Twitter: @CarrollEMC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCarrollEMC Outage Hotline: 770-832-6979 References: EIA...

  4. News > > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News + Events In This Section Why Partnerships? Current Partners Project Updates News & Events Resources Join News EMC2 News Center news updates 30 entries Archived News Stories Previous news stories from emc2 97 entries Home » News

  5. Jackson Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jackson Electric Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: 1-800-462-3691 Website: www.jacksonemc.com Twitter: @JacksonEMC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comJacksonEMC Outage...

  6. Upson Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Upson Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Website: www.upsonemc.comUpson%20EMC%2 Facebook: https:www.facebook.comupson.emc Outage Hotline: 706-647-5475 References: EIA...

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Coweta-Fayette EMC- Home Plus Loan Program Coweta-Fayette Electric Membership Corporation (EMC) provides electric and natural gas service to 58,000 customers in Georgia's Coweta,...

  8. Hart Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @HartEMC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comHartEMC Outage Map: www.arcgis.comhomewebmapvie References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1...

  9. NOx Emission Reduction and its Effects on Ozone during the 2008 Olympic Games

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Qing; Wang, Yuhang; Zhao, Chun; Liu, Zhen; Gustafson, William I.; Shao, Min

    2011-07-15

    We applied a daily-assimilated inversion method to estimate NOx (NO+NO2) emissions for June-September 2007 and 2008 on the basis of the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) observations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and model simulations using the Regional chEmistry and trAnsport Model (REAM). Over urban Beijing, rural Beijing, and the Huabei Plain, OMI column NO2 reductions are approximately 45%, 33%, and 14%, respectively, while the corresponding anthropogenic NOx emission reductions are only 28%, 24%, and 6%, during the full emission control period (July 20 – Sep 20, 2008). The emission reduction began in early July and was in full force by July 20, corresponding to the scheduled implementation of emission controls over Beijing. The emissions did not appear to recover after the emission control period. Meteorological change from summer 2007 to 2008 is the main factor contributing to the column NO2 decreases not accounted for by the emission reduction. Model simulations suggest that the effect of emission reduction on ozone concentrations over Beijing is relatively minor using a standard VOC emission inventory in China. With an adjustment of the model emissions to reflect in situ observations of VOCs in Beijing, the model simulation suggests a larger effect of the emission reduction.

  10. Dissipative Effects in the Effective Field Theory of Inflation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Dissipative Effects in the Effective Field Theory of Inflation We generalize the effective field theory of single clock inflation to include dissipative effects. Working in ...

  11. Effective_Networking

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Effective White Light Options for Parking Area Lighting Effective White Light Options for Parking Area Lighting Document details lighting technologies that provide low-maintenance alternatives to high-pressure sodium lighting. Download the document detailing effective white light options for parking area lighting. (189.54 KB) More Documents & Publications LED Provides Effective and Efficient Parking Area Lighting at the NAVFAC Engineering Service Center Demonstration Assessment of

  12. Enhanced magnetocaloric effect material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, Laura J. H.

    2006-07-18

    A magnetocaloric effect heterostructure having a core layer of a magnetostructural material with a giant magnetocaloric effect having a magnetic transition temperature equal to or greater than 150 K, and a constricting material layer coated on at least one surface of the magnetocaloric material core layer. The constricting material layer may enhance the magnetocaloric effect by restriction of volume changes of the core layer during application of a magnetic field to the heterostructure. A magnetocaloric effect heterostructure powder comprising a plurality of core particles of a magnetostructural material with a giant magnetocaloric effect having a magnetic transition temperature equal to or greater than 150 K, wherein each of the core particles is encapsulated within a coating of a constricting material is also disclosed. A method for enhancing the magnetocaloric effect within a giant magnetocaloric material including the step of coating a surface of the magnetocaloric material with a constricting material is disclosed.

  13. Radiation Effects Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Reasearch Facility Geomechanics and ... Twitter Google + Vimeo Newsletter Signup SlideShare Radiation Effects Sciences Home...

  14. Effective Incentive Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents an in-depth look at effective incentive structures, how to clarify your program goals, and tips to plan for the long term.

  15. Nonrelativistic effective Lagrangians

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leutwyler, H. )

    1994-03-15

    Chiral perturbation theory is extended to nonrelativistic systems with spontaneously broken symmetry. In the effective Lagrangian, order parameters associated with the generators of the group manifest themselves as effective coupling constants of a topological term, which is gauge invariant only up to a total derivative. In the case of the ferromagnet, a term connected with the Brouwer degree dominates the derivative expansion. The general analysis includes antiferromagnetic magnons and phonons, while the effective field theory of fluids or gases is beyond the scope of the method.

  16. Market Effects Evaluation Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A report evaluating the U.S. Department of Energy Solid State Lighting Program for FY 2006 – FY 2012 to determine its effectiveness and progress toward achieving program objectives and to assess...

  17. High Burnup Effects Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barner, J.O.; Cunningham, M.E.; Freshley, M.D.; Lanning, D.D.

    1990-04-01

    This is the final report of the High Burnup Effects Program (HBEP). It has been prepared to present a summary, with conclusions, of the HBEP. The HBEP was an international, group-sponsored research program managed by Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories (BNW). The principal objective of the HBEP was to obtain well-characterized data related to fission gas release (FGR) for light water reactor (LWR) fuel irradiated to high burnup levels. The HBEP was organized into three tasks as follows: Task 1 -- high burnup effects evaluations; Task 2 -- fission gas sampling; and Task 3 -- parameter effects study. During the course of the HBEP, a program that extended over 10 years, 82 fuel rods from a variety of sources were characterized, irradiated, and then examined in detail after irradiation. The study of fission gas release at high burnup levels was the principal objective of the program and it may be concluded that no significant enhancement of fission gas release at high burnup levels was observed for the examined rods. The rim effect, an as yet unquantified contributor to athermal fission gas release, was concluded to be the one truly high-burnup effect. Though burnup enhancement of fission gas release was observed to be low, a full understanding of the rim region and rim effect has not yet emerged and this may be a potential area of further research. 25 refs., 23 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Dissipative Effects in the Effective Field Theory of Inflation (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | SciTech Connect Dissipative Effects in the Effective Field Theory of Inflation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Dissipative Effects in the Effective Field Theory of Inflation We generalize the effective field theory of single clock inflation to include dissipative effects. Working in unitary gauge we couple a set of composite operators, {Omicron}{sub {mu}{nu}}..., in the effective action which is constrained solely by invariance under time-dependent spatial

  19. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Project ManagementCoordination * Surprise Valley Electric management and staff is ... Project Coordinator anytime significant event occurs 10 | US DOE Geothermal Program ...

  20. Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.ruralelec.orgfileadminDATADocuments06PublicationsARETECHNOL Cost: Free Language: English This publication aims to give eve- ryone, from the general public to...

  1. Rural Living Canada Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentrural-living-canada-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible...

  2. Exploring Energy Options for Rural Alaska

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In mid-February, I had the opportunity to attend the Alaska Forum on the Environment in Anchorage, Alaska. The conference was attended by over 1,500 people and included a film festival, poster sessions, keynote speeches, and dozens of presentations.

  3. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Southwest Alaska Regional Geothermal Energy Project District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District Novel Energy Conversion ...

  4. Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biomass, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, Finance Website http:...

  5. Benton BENTON RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION R E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rates are more troubling. They include: * The cost of shifting from a known and proven business model to an undeveloped, unproven model that is extremely complicated will...

  6. Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial renewable energy property in these zones are eligible for a 3 to 5 year local property tax exemption. Eligible property includes either wind, geothermal, solar, biomass, or other uncon...

  7. Franklin Rural Electric Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cooperative Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641-456-2557 Website: www.franklinrec.coop Outage Hotline: 800-750-3557 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  8. Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2,249 29,829 36 9,584 103,979 46,297 2008-06 4,410 46,896 36,906 2,369 23,264 9,411 2,132 29,437 35 8,911 99,597 46,352 2008-05 3,064 31,017 36,753 2,003 18,992 9,413 2,020...

  9. Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Unsecured loans from $2,500 to $30,000 are available at a fixed interest rate of 4% under this program. Loans will be fully amortized over a term of two to seven years, not to exceed the...

  10. Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (REC) and one municipal electric cooperative in the state of Iowa. They are: Clarke Electric Cooperative Consumers Energy Cooperative East-Central Iowa REC Eastern Iowa Light and...

  11. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2008-12 450 5,260 4,212 330 4,670 812 2,211 58,610 122 2,991 68,540 5,146 2008-11 333 3,666 4,204 300 4,110 816 2,211 58,562 121 2,844 66,338 5,141 2008-10 303 3,259 4,196 288...

  12. Rural Utilities Service | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Directory Contacts.png http:www.rd.usda.govcontact-usstate-offices Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  13. Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.recc.coop Twitter: @RECCAuburnIL Facebook: https:www.facebook.comRECC.Auburn?refsearch&sid100000351831275.1405275847..1 Outage Hotline: (217) 438-6197 Outage Map:...

  14. Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Members must use an approved HVAC dealer (listed on the Cooperative's web site) to qualify for the rebates....

  15. Licking Rural Electric Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TheEnergyCooperative Outage Hotline: (888)-535-5732 Outage Map: ebill.theenergycoop.comomsou References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  16. Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    which are more context-specific on: Financing Institutional support Ownership Management Local Participation Energy Management Standards Market References http:...

  17. Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 8003213520 Website: www.federatedrea.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comfederated Outage Hotline: 5078473520 References: EIA...

  18. Communication Methods: A Rural Alaskan Perspective

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (YKUpper Tanana) YK Delta (Lower Yukon- Kuskokwim) Chugach Logistics Reality - USA Logistics Reality - Global Climate Zones Languages & Cultures Inuit-Yupik-Unangan ...

  19. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cooperatives play an important role in the U.S. energy infrastructure, delivering electricity to 44 million consumers across over 70% of the geography of the country every day. ...

  20. Notices ADDRESSES: National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    agenda may change to accommodate EAC business. For EAC agenda updates, see the EAC Web site at: http:energy.govoeservices electricity-advisory-committee-eac. Public...

  1. Rural Minnesota Energy Board PACE Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note:  In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, directed these enterprises against purchasing mortgages of...

  2. Benton BENTON RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION R E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Norman: Subject: Benton REA Board of Trustees Determination Regarding Tiered Rate Methodology, BPA 20 Year Long Term Contracts and Other Matters. For the past two years, the...

  3. Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Illinois Phone Number: (800) 468-4732 or (217) 742-3128 Website: www.e-co-op.com Twitter: @1936coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comillinoisruralelectric Outage...

  4. Meso-scale cooling effects of high albedo surfaces: Analysis of meteorological data from White Sands National Monument and White Sands Missile Range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fishman, B.; Taha, H.; Akbari, H.

    1994-05-20

    Urban summer daytime temperatures often exceed those of the surrounding rural areas. Summer ``urban heat islands`` are caused by dark roofs and paved surfaces as well as the lack of vegetation. Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are interested in studying the effects of increasing the albedo of roof tops and paved surfaces in order to reduce the impacts of summer urban heat islands. Increasing the albedo of urban surfaces may reduce this heat island effect in two ways, directly and indirectly. The direct effect involves reducing surface temperature and, therefore, heat conduction through the building envelope. This effect of surface albedo on surface temperatures is better understood and has been quantified in several studies. The indirect effect is the impact of high albedo surfaces on the near surface air temperatures. Although the indirect effect has been modeled for the Los Angeles basin by Sailor, direct field observations are required. The objective of this report is to investigate the meso-scale climate of a large high albedo area and identify the effects of albedo on the near surface air temperature. To accomplish this task, data from several surface weather stations at White Sands, New Mexico were analyzed. This report is organized into six sections in addition to this introduction. The first gives the general geological, topographic, and meteorological background of White Sands. The second is a discussion of the basic surface meteorology of the White Sands region. This section is followed by a general discussion of the instrumentation and available data. The fourth section is a description of the method used for data analyis. The fifth section which presents the results of this analysis. Finally, the last section is the summary and conclusion, where a discussion of the results is presented.

  5. Effective Public Participation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This paper provides guidance to Department of Energy personnel for involving the public effectively and meaningfully in DOE processes conducted under the National Environmental Policy Act. It was prepared in furtherance of the Secretary of Energy's 1994 Public Participation Policy and Policy on the National Environmental Policy Act.

  6. Latent effects decision analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, J. Arlin; Werner, Paul W.

    2004-08-24

    Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

  7. Polarization effects. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courant, E.

    1981-01-01

    The use of polarized proton beams in ISABELLE is important for several general reasons: (1) With a single longitudinally polarized proton beam, effects involving parity violation can be identified and hence processes involving weak interactions can be separated from those involving strong and electromagnetic interactions. (2) Spin effects are important in the strong interactions and can be useful for testing QCD. The technique for obtaining polarized proton beams in ISABELLE appears promising, particularly in view of the present development of a polarized proton beam for the AGS. Projections for the luminosity in ISABELLE for collisions of polarized protons - one or both beams polarized with longitudinal or transverse polarization - range from 1/100 to 1 times the luminosity for unpolarized protons.

  8. APBF Effects on Combustion

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FT001 - APBF Effects on Combustion (advanced petroleum based fuels, DOE project # 18546) Bruce G. Bunting, Jim Szybist, Scott Sluder, John Storey, Sam Lewis, Robert Wagner, Jun Qu, Robert Crawford 2010 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-10, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information DOE management team: Kevin Stork, Drew Ronneberg, Dennis Smith, Steve Przesmitzki 2

  9. An effective Z'

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fox, Patrick J.; Liu, Jia; Tucker-Smith, David; Weiner, Neal

    2011-12-06

    We describe a method to couple Z' gauge bosons to the standard model (SM), without charging the SM fields under the U(1)', but instead through effective higher-dimension operators. This method allows complete control over the tree-level couplings of the Z' and does not require altering the structure of any of the SM couplings, nor does it contain anomalies or require introduction of fields in nonstandard SM representations. Moreover, such interactions arise from simple renormalizable extensions of the SM—the addition of vectorlike matter that mixes with SM fermions when the U(1)' is broken. We apply effective Z' models as explanations ofmore » various recent anomalies: the D0 same-sign dimuon asymmetry, the CDF W+di-jet excess and the CDF top forward-backward asymmetry. In the case of the W+di-jet excess we also discuss several complementary analyses that may shed light on the nature of the discrepancy. We consider the possibility of non-Abelian groups, and discuss implications for the phenomenology of dark matter as well.« less

  10. Unconventional Quantum Hall Effect and Tunable Spin Hall Effect...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    to an Isolated MoS2 Trilayer Title: Unconventional Quantum Hall Effect and Tunable Spin Hall Effect in Dirac Materials: Application to an Isolated MoS2 Trilayer Authors: Li, ...

  11. Radiation Effects In Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, Ram K.

    2011-06-01

    Protecting space missions from severe exposures from radiation, in general, and long duration/deep space human missions, in particular, is a critical design driver, and could be a limiting factor. The space radiation environment consists of galactic cosmic rays (GCR), solar particle events (SPE), trapped radiation, and includes ions of all the known elements over a very broad energy range. These ions penetrate spacecraft materials producing nuclear fragments and secondary particles that damage biological tissues and microelectronic devices. One is required to know how every element (and all isotopes of each element) in the periodic table interacts and fragments on every other element in the same table as a function of kinetic energy ranging over many decades. In addition, the accuracy of the input information and database, in general and nuclear data in particular, impacts radiation exposure health assessments and payload penalty. After a brief review of effects of space radiation on materials and electronics, human space missions to Mars is discussed.

  12. ARM - Measurement - Aerosol effective radius

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol effective radius Aerosol effective radius is the ratio of the third and...

  13. Acquisition Letters Remaining In Effect

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Acquisition Letter (AL) 2010-07 has been issued. It lists ALs currently in effect and the discontinued ALs along with the reason why the AL is no longer in effect.

  14. Acquisition Letters Remaining In Effect

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Acquisition Letter (AL) 2012-01 has been issued. It lists ALs currently in effect and the discontinued ALs, along with the reason why the AL is no longer in effect.

  15. Sustaining Cost-Effective Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presents how understanding the way in which customers' minds process incentives can help energy efficiency programs structure effective incentives.

  16. (Limiting the greenhouse effect)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.

    1991-01-07

    Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.

  17. Electron Microscopy Center | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electron Microscopy Center Electron Microscopy Center The Electron Microscopy Center Group (EMC) develops and maintains unique capabilities for electron beam characterization and applies those capabilities to solve materials challenges. EMC emphasizes three major areas: materials research, experimental technique and instrumentation development, and operation of unique and state-of-the-art instrumentation. The goals of EMC materials research are closely aligned with those of our user community.

  18. Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    Ingram, M.; Mason, W. B.; Whipple, G. H.; Howland, J. W.

    1952-04-07

    This report presents a review of present knowledge and concepts of the biological effects of ionizing radiations. Among the topics discussed are the physical and chemical effects of ionizing radiation on biological systems, morphological and physiological changes observed in biological systems subjected to ionizing radiations, physiological changes in the intact animal, latent changes following exposure of biological systems to ionizing radiations, factors influencing the biological response to ionizing radiation, relative effects of various ionizing radiations, and biological dosimetry.

  19. Twisted mass finite volume effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colangelo, Gilberto; Wenger, Urs; Wu, Jackson M. S.

    2010-08-01

    We calculate finite-volume effects on the pion masses and decay constant in twisted mass lattice QCD at finite lattice spacing. We show that the lighter neutral pion in twisted mass lattice QCD gives rise to finite-volume effects that are exponentially enhanced when compared to those arising from the heavier charged pions. We demonstrate that the recent two flavor twisted mass lattice data can be better fitted when twisted mass effects in finite-volume corrections are taken into account.

  20. Manhattan Project: Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Nuclear Chain Reaction Critical Mass Cross Section Emc2 Fission Fusion Nucleus Uranium Plutonium Thorium and U-233 Particle Accelerators and Other Technologies Cockroft-Walton ...

  1. RSS & Calender Feeds > News + Events > The Energy Materials Center at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cornell News + Events In This Section EMC2 News Upcoming Events Calendar of Research Meetings Archived News RSS & Calender Feeds RSS & Calender Feeds News RSS: http://emc2.cornell.edu/rss/feed/news Events RSS: http://emc2.cornell.edu/events/rss_feed ICS: http://emc2.cornell.edu/events/ics_feed .ICS Directions: Copy the above URL Open Calender (iCal, etc.) Select "Subscribe" from the Calendar menu Paste URL into the pop-up window

  2. "DOE IDIQ ESPC Awarded Projects Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...EMCS HVAC Lighting Improvements Water and Sewer Conservation Systems Building Envelope ... Federal Corrections Complex, Texas DO1","Texarkana Texarkana","TX ...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pumps, Water Heaters, Heat Pumps, Heat recovery, Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building Jackson EMC- Right Choice for Builders Rebate Program Jackson Electric Membership Corporation...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Vending Machine Controls, LED Lighting Jackson EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Jackson Electric Membership...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ceiling Fan, Water Heaters, Lighting, DuctAir sealing, Building Insulation, Windows Jackson EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Jackson Electric Membership...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Others pending approval, Other EE, Food Service Equipment, Tankless Water Heater Jackson EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Jackson Electric Membership...

  7. Randolph Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @RandolphEMC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comrandolphemc?reftntnmn Outage Hotline: 1-877-736-2633 Outage Map: www.randolphemc.comcontentra...

  8. Shenzhen City Zhongcai Energy Management Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zhongcai Energy Management Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenzhen City Zhongcai Energy Management Co. Place: China Product: EMC using the energy cost contract model...

  9. Workplace Charging Challenge: Partners | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Eaton El Camino Real Charter High School Electric Applications Inc. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Eli Lilly EMC Corporation EMD Serono Envision Solar EV4Oregon EV...

  10. Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    way. Together, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and EMC, are enhancing, designing, building, testing and deploying new cutting-edge technologies in an effort to meet some of...

  11. Energy Monte Carlo (EMCEE) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with a specific set of distributions. Both programs run as spreadsheet workbooks in Microsoft Excel. EMCEE and Emc2 require Crystal Ball, a commercially available Monte Carlo...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rebate Program South River EMC offers a variety of rebates encouragings its members to invest in energy efficient appliances, equipment, and home upgrades. Incentives are available...

  13. V-043: Perl Locale::Maketext Module '_compile()' Multiple Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    V-043: Perl Locale::Maketext Module 'compile()' Multiple Code Injection Vulnerabilities ... Arbitrary Code and View Arbitrary Files V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft ...

  14. Letchworth-Weaver awarded 2015 Argonne National Lab Fellowship...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EMC2 News Latest News Prof. Hctor Abrua wins Electrochimica Acta Gold Medal award Pastore wins Bauer Scholarship Award Room-temperature lithium metal battery closer to ...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Blue Ridge Mountain Electric Membership Corporation- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Blue Ridge Mountain EMC and TVA, its power supplier, offer...

  16. Imperfect graphene renders 'electrical highways' > Archived News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    method invented In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Imperfect graphene renders 'electrical highways' July 11th, 2013 By Anne Ju Muller lab: Three dark...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    certain insulation specifications and pass inspection by a Habersham EMC representative. Touchstone Energy Homes are also eligible for an Energy Conservation rate discount....

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MeasuresWhole Building, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, Yes; specific technologies not identified, LED Lighting Tideland EMC- Weatherization Loan Program Tideland...

  19. Dongying Shengdong Machinery Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Dongying Shengdong Machinery Company Place: China Product: EMC specialised in cogeneration and installing power stations to make use of various types of waste gases....

  20. Highlights Template > Authorship Tools > Research > The Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Authorship Tools In This Section Acknowledgement Highlights Template Research Highlights promote emc2 achievements. To download a .ZIP file of the research highlight template click...

  1. Authorship Tools > Research > The Energy Materials Center at...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Authorship Tools In This Section Acknowledgement Highlights Template Authorship Tools Here is the necessary information for EMC2 authors. Author Tools - Acknowledgements Please...

  2. Versatile polymer film synthesis method invented > Archived News...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bus 2 Cornellians receive Distinguished Scholar Award Versatile polymer film synthesis method invented In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Versatile...

  3. Irwin Electric Membership Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Membership Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Irwin Electric Membership Corp Place: Georgia Website: www.irwinemc.com Twitter: @IrwinEMC Facebook: https:...

  4. MEMORANDUM To: United States Department of Energy From: Erica...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EMC Jay Taylor, Schneider-Electric Roger Tipley, Schneider-Electric Gary Verdun, Dell Henry Wong, Intel The following individual attended via teleconference: Mark ...

  5. Property:Incentive/OwnRenewEnrgyCrdts | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ridge EMC Bryan Texas Utilities - Solar Hot Water Rebate Program (Texas) + Bryan Texas Utility Bryan Texas Utilities - Solar PV Rebate Program (Texas) + Bryan Texas Utilities...

  6. Searching for Novel Gravitational Effects

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Christopher Stubb

    2010-09-01

    Stubbs, Chair of the Physics Department at Harvard University, discusses experiments that search for novel gravitational effect and scientific observations about it.

  7. Radiation Effects Facility - Facilities - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Effects Facility Typical DUT(device under test) set-up at the end of the Radiation Effects beamline. The Radiation Effects Facility is available for commercial, ...

  8. Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors Policy Memo: Working Effectively with Contractors Guidance on working effectively with contractors. PDF icon MAPolicyMemoWorkingw...

  9. Maintain Pumping Systems Effectively | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Maintain Pumping Systems Effectively Maintain Pumping Systems Effectively This tip sheet offers preventive and predictive actions to effectively maintain pumping systems. PUMPING ...

  10. Octupole correlation effects in nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chasman, R.R.

    1992-08-01

    Octupole correlation effects in nuclei are discussed from the point of view of many-body wavefunctions as well as mean-field methods. The light actinides, where octupole effects are largest, are considered in detail. Comparisons of theory and experiment are made for energy splittings of parity doublets; E1 transition matrix elements and one-nucleon transfer reactions.

  11. Octupole correlation effects in nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chasman, R.R.

    1992-01-01

    Octupole correlation effects in nuclei are discussed from the point of view of many-body wavefunctions as well as mean-field methods. The light actinides, where octupole effects are largest, are considered in detail. Comparisons of theory and experiment are made for energy splittings of parity doublets; E1 transition matrix elements and one-nucleon transfer reactions.

  12. Correlation effects and bound states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinovjev, G. M.; Molodtsov, S. V.

    2012-11-15

    Bound states in a simple quark model that are due to correlation effects are analyzed. The confining properties of this model in meson (quark-antiquark and diquark) channels manifest themselves at any quark momenta, and an extra potential field may only enhance the confining effect.

  13. Maxwell-Garnett effective medium theory: Quantum nonlocal effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moradi, Afshin

    2015-04-15

    We develop the Maxwell-Garnett theory for the effective medium approximation of composite materials with metallic nanoparticles by taking into account the quantum spatial dispersion effects in dielectric response of nanoparticles. We derive a quantum nonlocal generalization of the standard Maxwell-Garnett formula, by means the linearized quantum hydrodynamic theory in conjunction with the Poisson equation as well as the appropriate additional quantum boundary conditions.

  14. Acquisition Letters Remaining In Effect

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    From Acquisition Letter (Acquisition Letters (AL) that remain in effect are identified below. All other previously issued Als have been superseded by a formal rule-making, incorporated into other guidance, and/or canceled.)

  15. Health Effects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Health Effects Health Effects The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) administers research programs and monitoring activities, both domestic and international, that support the protection and promotion of the health of DOE workers, their families, and residents of neighboring communities near DOE sites, affected by exposure to hazardous materials from DOE sites or a result of nuclear weapons testing, use or accident. Domestic health activities include studies of historical workplace exposures,

  16. Investigating the Effects of Temperature

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigating the Effects of Temperature on Power Output Objective: Students will use concepts learned in class to explore the many variables that effect the efficiency of solar panels in regards to power output. Materials: * PV Array or Solar Panel * 2 Multimeter * Frozen Ice Packs * Low Power DC Bulb * Halogen Lamp (500 Watts) * 4 or 5 Alligator clip wires * Timer Investigative Question: How does the power output change as the temperature of the PV system changes. Procedure: 1) Attach the

  17. Effects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rapidly growing solution in the region outside the resonance layer resulting in a stiff matrix in the eigenvalue analysis. The equilibrium current profile is parametrized such...

  18. Title 7 CFR 1794 Environmental Policies and Procedures | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CFR 1794 Environmental Policies and ProceduresLegal Abstract These regulations govern the Rural Utilities Services' implementation of NEPA. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect...

  19. The effect of climate change, population distribution, and climate mitigation on building energy use in the U.S. and China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Yuyu; Eom, Jiyong; Clarke, Leon E.

    2013-08-01

    A changing climate will affect the energy system in a number of ways, one of which is through changes in demands for heating and cooling in buildings. Understanding the potential effect of climate on heating and cooling demands must take into account not only the manner in which the building sector might evolve over time - including, for example, movements from rural to urban environments in developing countries - but also important uncertainty about the nature of climate change itself and the growth and movements of populations over time. In this study, we explored the uncertainty in climate change impacts on heating and cooling by constructing estimates of heating and cooling degree days for both a reference (no-policy) scenario and a climate mitigation scenario built from 0.5 degree latitude by 0.5 degree longitude resolution output from three different Global Climate Models (GCMs) and three gridded scenarios of population distribution. The implications that changing climate and population distribution might have for building energy consumption in the U.S. and China were then explored by using the heating and cooling degree days results as inputs to a detailed, building energy model, nested in the long-term global integrated assessment framework, Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). Across the climate models and population distribution scenarios, the results indicate that unabated climate change would cause total final energy consumption to decrease modestly in both U.S. and China buildings by the end of the century, as decreased heating consumption is more than balanced by increased cooling using primarily electricity. However, the results also indicate that when indirect emissions from the power sector are also taken into account, climate change may have negligible effect on building sector CO2 emissions in the two countries. The variation in results due to variation of population distribution is noticeably smaller than variation due to the use of different

  20. Simplified air change effectiveness modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rock, B.A.; Anderson, R.; Brandemuehl, M.J.

    1992-06-01

    This paper describes recent progress in developing practical air change effectiveness modeling techniques for the design and analysis of air diffusion in occupied rooms. The ultimate goal of this continuing work is to develop a simple and reliable method for determining heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system compliance with ventilation standards. In the current work, simplified two-region models of rooms are used with six occupancy patterns to find the air change effectiveness. A new measure, the apparent ACH effectiveness, yields the relative ventilation performance of an air diffusion system. This measure can be used for the prediction or evaluation of outside air delivery to the occupants. The required outside air can be greater or less than that specified by ventilation standards such as ASHRAE Standard 62-89.

  1. Modeling Incoherent Electron Cloud Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vay, Jean-Luc; Benedetto, E.; Fischer, W.; Franchetti, G.; Ohmi, K.; Schulte, D.; Sonnad, K.; Tomas, R.; Vay, J.-L.; Zimmermann, F.; Rumolo, G.; Pivi, M.; Raubenheimer, T.

    2007-06-18

    Incoherent electron effects could seriously limit the beam lifetime in proton or ion storage rings, such as LHC, SPS, or RHIC, or blow up the vertical emittance of positron beams, e.g., at the B factories or in linear-collider damping rings. Different approaches to modeling these effects each have their own merits and drawbacks. We describe several simulation codes which simplify the descriptions of the beam-electron interaction and of the accelerator structure in various different ways, and present results for a toy model of the SPS. In addition, we present evidence that for positron beams the interplay of incoherent electron-cloud effects and synchrotron radiation can lead to a significant increase in vertical equilibrium emittance. The magnitude of a few incoherent e+e- scattering processes is also estimated. Options for future code development are reviewed.

  2. Portable convertible blast effects shield

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pastrnak, John W.; Hollaway, Rocky; Henning, Carl D.; Deteresa, Steve; Grundler, Walter; Hagler,; Lisle B.; Kokko, Edwin; Switzer, Vernon A

    2010-10-26

    A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

  3. Portable convertible blast effects shield

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pastrnak, John W.; Hollaway, Rocky; Henning, Carl D.; Deteresa, Steve; Grundler, Walter; Hagler, Lisle B.; Kokko, Edwin; Switzer, Vernon A.

    2011-03-15

    A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more frusto-conically-tapered telescoping rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration by the friction fit of adjacent pairs of frusto-conically-tapered rings to each other.

  4. Portable convertible blast effects shield

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pastrnak, John W.; Hollaway, Rocky; Henning, Carl D.; Deteresa, Steve; Grundler, Walter; Hagler, Lisle B.; Kokko, Edwin; Switzer, Vernon A

    2007-05-22

    A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

  5. Using OpenMP Effectively

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using OpenMP Effectively Using OpenMP Effectively Performance Implications of Using OpenMP A combined team of NERSC and Cray staff has formed a Cray "Center of Excellence" to examine programming models beyond pure MPI on the 24 core Hopper nodes. One of the key findings with hybrid MPI-OpenMP codes is that although OpenMP may not alter the performance of an application very much, using OpenMP can dramatically decrease memory usage, allowing larger problems to be addressed. See the

  6. Confirmation of shutdown cooling effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sato, Kotaro Tabuchi, Masato; Sugimura, Naoki; Tatsumi, Masahiro

    2015-12-31

    After the Fukushima accidents, all nuclear power plants in Japan have gradually stopped their operations and have long periods of shutdown. During those periods, reactivity of fuels continues to change significantly especially for high-burnup UO{sub 2} fuels and MOX fuels due to radioactive decays. It is necessary to consider these isotopic changes precisely, to predict neutronics characteristics accurately. In this paper, shutdown cooling (SDC) effects of UO{sub 2} and MOX fuels that have unusual operation histories are confirmed by the advanced lattice code, AEGIS. The calculation results show that the effects need to be considered even after nuclear power plants come back to normal operation.

  7. APBF Effects on Combustion | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    APBF Effects on Combustion APBF Effects on Combustion 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. ft001_bunting_2010_o.pdf (1.06 MB) More Documents & Publications Fuel and Lubricant Effects APBF Effects on Combustion Non-Petroleum Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion

  8. Effective Public Participation (DOE, 1998)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This paper provides guidance to Department of Energy personnel for involving the public effectively and meaningfully in DOE processes conducted under the National Environmental Policy Act. It was prepared in furtherance of the Secretary of Energy's 1994 Public Participation Policy and Policy on the National Environmental Policy Act.

  9. Electronic effects on iron porphyrins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosa, M. De La; Lopez, M.A.

    1995-12-31

    We have inserted iron into a series of substituted iron tetraphenylporphyrins for the purposes of investigating electronic effects on properties of the iron porphyrins. The properties of interest are the CO stretching frequencies of the ferrous porphyrins, the rates of CO dissociation from the ferrous porphyrins, and the UV-visible spectra of the iron porphyrins. We will present our results to date.

  10. Dynamical effects in electron spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Jianqiang Sky Reshetnyak, Igor; Giorgetti, Christine; Sottile, Francesco; Reining, Lucia; Kas, J. J.; Rehr, J. J.; Sponza, Lorenzo; Guzzo, Matteo; Gatti, Matteo

    2015-11-14

    One of the big challenges of theoretical condensed-matter physics is the description, understanding, and prediction of the effects of the Coulomb interaction on materials properties. In electronic spectra, the Coulomb interaction causes a renormalization of energies and change of spectral weight. Most importantly, it can lead to new structures, often called satellites. These can be linked to the coupling of excitations, also termed dynamical effects. State-of-the-art methods in the framework of many-body perturbation theory, in particular, the widely used GW approximation, often fail to describe satellite spectra. Instead, approaches based on a picture of electron-boson coupling such as the cumulant expansion are promising for the description of plasmon satellites. In this work, we give a unified derivation of the GW approximation and the cumulant expansion for the one-body Green’s function. Using the example of bulk sodium, we compare the resulting spectral functions both in the valence and in the core region, and we discuss the dispersion of quasi-particles and satellites. We show that self-consistency is crucial to obtain meaningful results, in particular, at large binding energies. Very good agreement with experiment is obtained when the intrinsic spectral function is corrected for extrinsic and interference effects. Finally, we sketch how one can approach the problem in the case of the two-body Green’s function, and we discuss the cancellation of various dynamical effects that occur in that case.

  11. Ecotoxicology: Behavior, exposure, and effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, R.H.

    1988-10-01

    Understanding the behavioral responses of aquatic organisms to toxicants is essential to predicting organism exposure and subsequent effects on survival and ecological success. Behavioral responses of aquatic organisms to environmental change can mitigate or exacerbate exposures. Often, however, predictions are based on bioassay-tolerance data on the effects of various contaminant increments above ambient and unsubstantiated assumptions of organism exposure. Studies at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, USA, have evaluated fish response to thermal discharge, gas supersaturated water, water-soluble fractions of coal liquids, and other stresses. Approaches have included biotelemetry in the field, and avoidance/attraction and predator/prey studies in the laboratory. In most cases, fish avoided acutely lethal conditions, although they did not necessarily avoid conditions causing chronic effects (effects on growth, reproduction, etc.). Behavioral responses of fish to toxicants varied with species, natural schooling instincts and matrix of the contaminant. Results of these studies led to the conceptualization of a model that links toxicological and behavioral data and considers the influence of environmental and other variables (feeding, schooling, spawning, etc.) on fish response. Further development of this model will allow more realistic assessments than can presently be attempted using acute and chronic toxicity data alone. 63 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Effects of wall electrodes on Hall effect thruster plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langendorf, S. Walker, M.; Xu, K.

    2015-02-15

    This paper investigates the physical mechanisms that cause beneficial and detrimental performance effect observed to date in Hall effect thrusters with wall electrodes. It is determined that the wall electrode sheath can reduce ion losses to the wall if positioned near the anode (outside the dense region of the plasma) such that an ion-repelling sheath is able to form. The ability of the wall electrode to form an ion-repelling sheath is inversely proportional to the current drawn—if the wall electrode becomes the dominant sink for the thruster discharge current, increases in wall electrode bias result in increased local plasma potential rather than an ion-repelling sheath. A single-fluid electron flow model gives results that mimic the observed potential structures and the current-sharing fractions between the anode and wall electrodes, showing that potential gradients in the presheath and bulk plasma come at the expense of current draw to the wall electrodes. Secondary electron emission from the wall electrodes (or lack thereof) is inferred to have a larger effect if the electrodes are positioned near the exit plane than if positioned near the anode, due to the difference in energy deposition from the plasma.

  13. News + Events > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News + Events In This Section EMC2 News Upcoming Events Calendar of Research Meetings Archived News RSS & Calender Feeds News + Events This is the home page for the News + Events section of the site. EMC2 News Upcoming Events 2013-2014 Research Meetings Archived News RSS & Calender Feeds

  14. Support - Facilities - Radiation Effects Facility / Cyclotron...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    During experiments at the Radiation Effects Facility users are assisted by the experienced ... shops are available to the users of the Radiation Effects Facility for design, ...

  15. Temperature effects on airgun signatures (Journal Article) |...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Search Title: Temperature effects on airgun signatures Experiments in an 850 liter water tank were performed in order to study temperature effects on airgun signatures, and to...

  16. Cost Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Cost Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs...

  17. Leadership through Effective Communication (FLD 142), Washington...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Leadership through Effective Communication (FLD 142), Washington DC Leadership through Effective Communication (FLD 142), Washington DC April 25, 2016 8:00AM EDT to April 27, 2016 ...

  18. Second Generation Fractional Quantum Hall Effect

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Generation Fractional Quantum Hall Effect - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home ... Second Generation Fractional Quantum Hall Effect HomeHighlights - Energy Research...

  19. Effective perfect fluids in cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballesteros, Guillermo; Bellazzini, Brando E-mail: brando.bellazzini@pd.infn.it

    2013-04-01

    We describe the cosmological dynamics of perfect fluids within the framework of effective field theories. The effective action is a derivative expansion whose terms are selected by the symmetry requirements on the relevant long-distance degrees of freedom, which are identified with comoving coordinates. The perfect fluid is defined by requiring invariance of the action under internal volume-preserving diffeomorphisms and general covariance. At lowest order in derivatives, the dynamics is encoded in a single function of the entropy density that characterizes the properties of the fluid, such as the equation of state and the speed of sound. This framework allows a neat simultaneous description of fluid and metric perturbations. Longitudinal fluid perturbations are closely related to the adiabatic modes, while the transverse modes mix with vector metric perturbations as a consequence of vorticity conservation. This formalism features a large flexibility which can be of practical use for higher order perturbation theory and cosmological parameter estimation.

  20. Environmental effects of space systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rote, D. M.

    1980-01-01

    The potential effects of large space systems, primarily the Satellite Power System (SPS), on the upper atmosphere, are reviewed. From 56 to 500 km, the major contaminant sources are SPS microwave transmissions and rocket effluents. Although no significant effects have yet been found for microwave transmissions, deposition of rocket effluents causes compositional changes, most of which appear to be associated with the release of large amounts of water. The formation of ionospheric holes is an example of a modification resulting from the injection of propellant exhaust in the F-region. From 500 to 36,000 km, rocket effluents and ion engine contaminants (primarily Ar/sup +/) could alter magnetospheric and plasmaspheric structure and dynamics. One of the major impacts of these alterations could be perturbation of Van Allen radiation belt stability, leading to changed radiation hazards to materials and personnel.

  1. Effective switching frequency multiplier inverter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Su, Gui-Jia (Oak Ridge, TN); Peng, Fang Z. (Okemos, MI)

    2007-08-07

    A switching frequency multiplier inverter for low inductance machines that uses parallel connection of switches and each switch is independently controlled according to a pulse width modulation scheme. The effective switching frequency is multiplied by the number of switches connected in parallel while each individual switch operates within its limit of switching frequency. This technique can also be used for other power converters such as DC/DC, AC/DC converters.

  2. Report - Considering Cumulative Effects Under NEPA

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Considering Cumulative Effects Under the National Environmental Policy Act Council on Environmental Quality January 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY I INTRODUCTION TO CUMULATIVE EFFECTS ANALYSIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Purpose of Cumulative Effect sAnalysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Agency Experience with Cumulative Effects Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Principles of

  3. Designing Effective Renewables Programs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Designing Effective Renewables Programs Designing Effective Renewables Programs This webinar covers designing effective renewable programs. Transcript Presentation (1.05 MB) More Documents & Publications Effective O&M Policy in Public Buildings Low-to-No Cost Strategy for Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings Preparing for the Arrival of Electric Vehicle

  4. Fuel and Lubricant Effects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Lubricant Effects Fuel and Lubricant Effects 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ft001_bunting_2011_o.pdf (671.62 KB) More Documents & Publications APBF Effects on Combustion APBF Effects on Combustion Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation

  5. Spallation radiation effects in materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansur, L.K.; Farrell, K.; Wechsler, M.S.

    1996-06-01

    Spallation refers to the process whereby particles (chiefly neutrons) are ejected from nuclei upon bombardment by high-energy protons. Spallation neutron sources (SNS`s) use these neutrons for neutron scattering and diffraction research, and SNS`s are proposed as the basis for systems for tritium production and transmutation of nuclear waste. Materials in SNS`s are exposed to the incident proton beam (energies typically about 1000 MeV) and to the spallation neutrons (spectrum of energies extending up to about 1000 MeV). By contrast the fission neutrons in nuclear reactors have an average energy of only about 2 MeV, and the neutrons in fusion reactors would have energies below about 14 MeV. Furthermore, the protons and neutrons in SNS`s for scattering and diffraction research are pulsed at frequencies of about 10 to 60 Hz, from which significant changes in the kinetics of point and extended defects may be expected. In addition, much higher transmutation rates occur in SNS-irradiated materials, On the whole, then, significant differences in microstructural development and macroscopic properties may result upon exposure in SNS systems, as compared with fission and fusion irradiations. In a more general sense, subjecting materials to new radiation environments has almost routinely led to new discoveries. To the extent that data are avaiable, however, the spallation environment appears to increase the degree of damage without introducing totally new effects. The first part of this presentation is an overview of radiation effects in materials, outlining essential concepts and property changes and their physical bases. This background is followed by a description of SNS irradiation environments and the effects on materials of exposure to these environments. A special discussion is given of the selection of target (e.g., liquid mercury), container (e.g., austenitic stainless steel or ferritic/martensitic steel), and structural materials in SNS systems.

  6. Hall-effect arc protector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rankin, R.A.; Kotter, D.K.

    1997-05-13

    The Hall-Effect Arc Protector is used to protect sensitive electronics from high energy arcs. The apparatus detects arcs by monitoring an electrical conductor, of the instrument, for changes in the electromagnetic field surrounding the conductor which would be indicative of a possible arcing condition. When the magnitude of the monitored electromagnetic field exceeds a predetermined threshold, the potential for an instrument damaging are exists and the control system logic activates a high speed circuit breaker. The activation of the breaker shunts the energy imparted to the input signal through a dummy load to the ground. After the arc condition is terminated, the normal signal path is restored. 2 figs.

  7. Electron Cloud Effects in Accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Furman, M.A.

    2012-11-30

    Abstract We present a brief summary of various aspects of the electron-cloud effect (ECE) in accelerators. For further details, the reader is encouraged to refer to the proceedings of many prior workshops, either dedicated to EC or with significant EC contents, including the entire ?ECLOUD? series [1?22]. In addition, the proceedings of the various flavors of Particle Accelerator Conferences [23] contain a large number of EC-related publications. The ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter series [24] contains one dedicated issue, and several occasional articles, on EC. An extensive reference database is the LHC website on EC [25].

  8. Hall-effect arc protector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rankin, Richard A.; Kotter, Dale K.

    1997-01-01

    The Hall-Effect Arc Protector is used to protect sensitive electronics from high energy arcs. The apparatus detects arcs by monitoring an electrical conductor, of the instrument, for changes in the electromagnetic field surrounding the conductor which would be indicative of a possible arcing condition. When the magnitude of the monitored electromagnetic field exceeds a predetermined threshold, the potential for an instrument damaging are exists and the control system logic activates a high speed circuit breaker. The activation of the breaker shunts the energy imparted to the input signal through a dummy load to the ground. After the arc condition is terminated, the normal signal path is restored.

  9. Electron kinetic effects on interferometry,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    kinetic effects on interferometry, polarimetry and Thomson scattering measurements in burning plasmas (invited)a) V. V. Mirnov, D. L. Brower, D. J. Den Hartog, W. X. Ding, J. Duff, and E. Parke Citation: Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 11D302 (2014); doi: 10.1063/1.4891176 View online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4891176 View Table of Contents: http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/rsi/85/11?ver=pdfcov Published by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in First

  10. Seven-effect absorption refrigeration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeVault, R.C.; Biermann, W.J.

    1989-05-09

    A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit. 1 fig.

  11. Seven-effect absorption refrigeration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeVault, Robert C.; Biermann, Wendell J.

    1989-01-01

    A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit.

  12. Substrate dielectric effects on graphene field effect transistors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Zhaoying; Prasad Sinha, Dhiraj; Ung Lee, Ji, E-mail: jlee1@albany.edu; Liehr, Michael [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, The State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

    2014-05-21

    Graphene is emerging as a promising material for future electronics and optoelectronics applications due to its unique electronic structure. Understanding the graphene-dielectric interaction is of vital importance for the development of graphene field effect transistors (FETs) and other novel graphene devices. Here, we extend the exploration of substrate dielectrics from conventionally used thermally grown SiO{sub 2} and hexagonal boron nitride films to technologically relevant deposited dielectrics used in semiconductor industry. A systematic analysis of morphology and optical and electrical properties was performed to study the effects of different substrates (SiO{sub 2}, HfO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)-oxide, and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) on the carrier transport of chemical vapor deposition-derived graphene FET devices. As baseline, we use graphene FETs fabricated on thermal SiO{sub 2} with a relatively high carrier mobility of 10?000 cm{sup 2}/(V s). Among the deposited dielectrics studied, silicon nitride showed the highest mobility, comparable to the properties of graphene fabricated on thermal SiO{sub 2}. We conclude that this result comes from lower long range scattering and short range scattering rates in the nitride compared those in the other deposited films. The carrier fluctuation caused by substrates, however, seems to be the main contributing factor for mobility degradation, as a universal mobility-disorder density product is observed for all the dielectrics examined. The extrinsic doping trend is further confirmed by Raman spectra. We also provide, for the first time, correlation between the intensity ratio of G peak and 2D peak in the Raman spectra to the carrier mobility of graphene for different substrates.

  13. Electromagnetic Effects in SDF Explosions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reichenbach, H; Neuwald, P; Kuhl, A L

    2010-02-12

    The notion of high ion and electron concentrations in the detonation of aluminized explosive mixtures has aroused some interest in electro-magnetic effects that the SDF charges might generate when detonated. Motivated by this interest we have started to investigate whether significant electro-magnetic effects show up in our small-scale experiments. However, the design of instrumentation for this purpose is far from straightforward, since there are a number of open questions. Thus the main aim of the feasibility tests is to find - if possible - a simple and reliable method that can be used as a diagnostic tool for electro-magnetic effects. SDF charges with a 0.5-g PETN booster and a filling of 1 g aluminum flakes have been investigated in three barometric bomb calorimeters with volumes ranging from 6.3 l to of 6.6 l. Though similar in volume, the barometric bombs differed in the length-to-diameter ratio. The tests were carried out with the bombs filled with either air or nitrogen at ambient pressure. The comparison of the test in air to those in nitrogen shows that the combustion of TNT detonation products or aluminum generates a substantial increase of the quasi-steady overpressure in the bombs. Repeated tests in the same configuration resulted in some scatter of the experimental results. The most likely reason is that the aluminum combustion in most or all cases is incomplete and that the amount of aluminum actually burned varies from test to test. The mass fraction burned apparently decreases with increasing aspect ratio L/D. Thus an L/D-ratio of about 1 is optimal for the performance of shock-dispersed-fuel combustion. However, at an L/D-ratio of about 5 the combustion still yields appreciable overpressure in excess of the detonation. For a multi-burst scenario in a tunnel environment with a number of SDF charges distributed along a tunnel section a spacing of 5 tunnel diameter and a fuel-specific volume of around 7 l/g might provide an acceptable compromise

  14. How to effectively revalidate PHAs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crumpler, D.K.; Whittle, D.K. [JBF Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Under OSHA process safety management (PSM) standard 29 CFR 1910.119, process hazard analyses (PHAs) must be updated and revalidated at least every five years. This rule was promulgated in 1992; however, many operating companies began PHA programs as early as 1990. Now these initial PHAs must be revalidated due to the time limit. Because OSHA 1910.119 only gives guidance, hydrocarbon processing industry companies can select the revalidation method to use and have several options: redo the PHA as if it were the initial one; retrofit, update and revalidate the PHA by concentrating on deficiencies in the original analysis and incorporating process changes; and update and revalidate the original PHA for process changes only. Using guidelines and the evaluation flow diagram, companies can cost-effectively decide how much rework is needed to maintain PSM compliance. The paper discusses regulatory requirements, revalidation approaches, collect supporting documentation, initial/previous PHA quality, operating experience, conducting and documenting revalidation analyses, and documentation.

  15. Iron production maintenance effectiveness system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augstman, J.J.

    1996-12-31

    In 1989, an internal study in the Coke and Iron Maintenance Department identified the opportunities available to increase production, by decreasing unscheduled maintenance delays from 4.6%. A five year front loaded plan was developed, and presented to the company president. The plan required an initial investment of $1.4 million and a conservative break-even point was calculated to be 2.5 years. Due to budget restraints, it would have to be self-funded, i.e., generate additional production or savings, to pay for the program. The program began in 1991 at number 2 coke plant and the blast furnaces. This paper will describe the Iron Production Maintenance Effectiveness System (ME), which began with the mechanical and pipefitting trades.

  16. The quantum Hall effect helicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shrivastava, Keshav N.

    2015-04-16

    The quantum Hall effect in semiconductor heterostructures is explained by two signs in the angular momentum j=l±s and g=(2j+1)/(2l+1) along with the Landau factor (n+1/2). These modifications in the existing theories explain all of the fractional charges. The helicity which is the sign of the product of the linear momentum with the spin p.s plays an important role for the understanding of the data at high magnetic fields. In particular it is found that particles with positive sign in the spin move in one direction and those with negative sign move in another direction which explains the up and down stream motion of the particles.

  17. Mechanical effects in cookoff modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, R.J.; Baer, M.R.; Hobbs, M.L.

    1994-07-01

    Complete cookoff modeling of energetic material in confined geometries must couple thermal, chemical and mechanical effects. In the past, modeling has focused on the prediction of the onset of combustion behavior based only on thermal-chemistry effects with little or no regard to the mechanical behavior of the energetic material. In this paper, an analysis tool is outlined which couples thermal, chemical, and mechanical behavior for one-dimensional Geometries comprised of multi-materials. A reactive heat flow code, XCHEM, and a quasistatic mechanics code, SANTOS, have been completely coupled using, a reactive, elastic-plastic constitutive model describing pressurization of the energetic material. This new Thermally Reactive Elastic-plastic explosive code, TREX, was developed to assess the coupling, of mechanics with thermal chemistry making multidimensional cookoff analysis possible. In this study, TREX is applied to confined and unconfined systems. The confined systems simulate One-Dimensional Time to explosion (ODTX) experiments in both spherical and cylindrical configurations. The spherical ODTX system is a 1.27 cm diameter sphere of TATB confined by aluminum exposed to a constant external temperature. The cylindrical ODTX system is an aluminum tube filled with HMX, NC, and inert exposed to a constant temperature bath. Finally. an unconfined system consisting of a hollow steel cylinder filled with a propellant composed of Al, RMX, and NC, representative of a rocket motor, is considered. This model system is subjected to transient internal and external radiative/convective boundary conditions representative of 5 minutes exposure to a fire. The confined systems show significant pressure prior to ignition, and the unconfined system shows extrusion of the propellent suggesting that the energetic material becomes more shock sensitive.

  18. Effective Strategies for Participating in Utility Planning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Working with Utilities Peer Exchange Call: Effective Strategies for Participating in Utility Planning, Call Slides and Discussion Summary, August 2, 2012. This Peer Exchange Call discussed effective strategies for participating in utility planning.

  19. Ideas for Effective Communication of Statistical Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson-Cook, Christine M.

    2015-03-01

    Effective presentation of statistical results to those with less statistical training, including managers and decision-makers requires planning, anticipation and thoughtful delivery. Here are several recommendations for effectively presenting statistical results.

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of Telluride Aerogels: Effect...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Synthesis and Characterization of Telluride Aerogels: Effect of Gelation on Thermoelectric ... Aerogels: Effect of Gelation on Thermoelectric Performance of Bi2Te3 and Bi2-xSbxTe3 ...