Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Siting and Permitting Michigan implements the federal requirements of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) through state regulations. Michigan's Rule 821 requires subject sources to obtain and operate in compliance with a CAIR Annual NOx Budget

2

Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season Trading Program (Connecticut)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations may apply to fossil-fuel fired emission units, and describe nitrogen emission allocations that owners of such units must meet. The regulations also contain provisions for...

3

CAIRS Registration Form 6-19-12  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMPUTERIZED ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM COMPUTERIZED ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM HSS InfoCenter Helpline 301-903-8358 * 1-800-473-4375 Internet: HSS.infocenter@hq.doe.gov Recordkeeping and Reporting Web Page: http://www.hss.doe.gov/SESA/Analysis/cairs/index.html REGISTRATION FORM User Registration for (Circle one or both): CAIRS CAIRS DATA ENTRY Completed registration request should be sent by facsimile to HSS InfoCenter at (301) 903-9823 (Type or Print) 1. Name________________________________________________________________________ Birth date ______/ _______ (Last) (First) (Middle Initial) (Month) (Day) 2. Job title _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Company name_______________________________________________________________________________________

4

CAIRS Registration Form | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS InfoCenter at (301) 903-9823 CAIRS Registration Form More Documents & Publications ORPS User Registration Form Fire Protection System Account Request Form Policy Flash 2013-15...

5

Clean Air Interstate Rule (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

CAIR is a cap-and-trade program promulgated by the EPA in 2005, covering 28 eastern U.S. States and the District of Columbia [29]. It was designed to reduce sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in order to help States meet their National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone and particulate matter (PM2.5) and to further emissions reductions already achieved through the Acid Rain Program and the NOx State Implementation Plan call program. The rule was set to commence in 2009 for seasonal and annual NOx emissions and in 2010 for SO2 emissions.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

6

EIA - AEO2010 - Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate CAIR [17], overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in AEO2010, allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the EPA to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the CAMR, which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70 percent, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

7

Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and Modeling in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate CAIR, overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in AEO2010, allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the EPA to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the CAMR, which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70 percent, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

Information Center

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

8

Stakeholder perspectives on the Clean Air Interstate and the Clean Air Mercury Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a follow-up to last month's detailed overviews of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), this month EM presents perspectives on the two rules from representatives of a range of stakeholders, including EPA, the states, the regulated community, and the environmental community. Titles of the perspectives are: A Multipollutant Approach to Emissions Reductions; Clean Air Lessons from the Myth of Sisyphus; Reactions to EPA's Clean Air Interstate and Clean Air Mercury Rules; The Case for Coal Rank Subcategorization to Regulate Mercury Emissions; EPA's Mercury Rule: The Latest Delay Tactic; EPA's Mercury Rule: With Technology Today, We Can Do Better; STAPPA/ALAPCO's Perspectives on CAMR and CAIR. 16 refs.

C.V. Mathai; Jeffrey Holmstead; Michael Shore; Skiles Boyd; Vicky Sullivan; Dan Weiss; John Kinsman; Steve Lomax; Michael Rossler; David Steele; Greg Schaefer; Felice Stadler; David Foerter; William Becker [Arizona Public Services, Phoenix, AZ (US)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

September 16, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Former Worker and Energy Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, Central Worker Data Tracking - Information Package  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Former Worker/Energy Compensation DOE Former Worker/Energy Compensation CAIRS Central Worker Data Tracking September 16, 2008 September 16, 2008 CAIRS Central Worker Data Tracking September 16, 2008 n The information contained in this package is intended to be reference materials pertaining to the September 16, 2008 HSS/Union working group meeting. The informational pieces have been retrieved from the Internet or submitted by HSS and Union representatives for inclusion in the package, and does not necessarily reflect the view, support, or endorsement of all of the participating organizations. Agenda 08-19-08 Draft HSS/Union Working Group Meeting September 16, 2008 1:00 - 3:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 SUBJECT: Former Worker/Energy Compensation Programs CAIRS Reporting Central Worker Data Tracking

10

CAirTOX: A compartment model for assessing the fate of and human exposure to toxic-chemical emissions to air  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CAirTOX has been developed as a spreadsheet model to assist in making a risk assessment of toxic air emissions. With CAirTOX, one can address how contaminants released to an air basin can lead to contamination of soil, food, surface water, and sediments. The modeling effort includes a multimedia transport and transformation model, exposure scenario models, and efforts to quantify uncertainty in multimedia, multiple-pathway exposure assessments. The multimedia transport and transformation model is a steady-state, but non-equilibrium model that can be used to assess concentrations of contaminants released continuously to air. In Part 1, the authors describe the multimedia transport and transformation model used to determine the fate of air emissions. In Part 2, they describe inputs and data needs for CAirTOX and the development of a set of landscape factors, which can be used to represent regional air basin/water-shed systems in California. In Part 3, they describe the multiple-pathway exposure scenarios and exposure algorithms. In Part 4, they compare the HRA approach and results and the CAirTOX exposure equations. In Part 5, they consider model sensitivity and uncertainty to determine how variability and uncertainty in model inputs affects the precision, accuracy, and credibility of the model output.

McKone, T.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

September 16, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Former Worker and Energy Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, Central Worker Data Tracking … Meeting Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 10-10-08 Draft 7 10-10-08 Draft HSS/Union Meeting To Address Former Worker and Energy Employee Occupational Illness Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, and Central Worker Data Tracking September 16, 2008 Integrated Executive Summary and Final Action List Background: HSS and the labor unions who participated in the initial 2007 HSS Focus Group meetings agreed to a path forward in which various unions combined to form core working groups to address union identified health and safety issues by topical area. The following is an overview of actions/activities identified in the September 16 HSS/Union meeting to address Former Worker and the Energy Employee Occupational Illness Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, and Central Worker Data Tracking interests and

12

Born Rule(s)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on work published in [1]. It describes a triple slit experiment using single photons that has been used to provide a bound on one of the most fundamental axioms of quantum mechanics i.e. Born's rule for probabilities [2]. In spite of being one of the most successful theories which describes various natural phenomena, quantum mechanics has enough intricacies and ''weirdness'' associated with it which makes many physicists believe that it may not be the final theory and hints towards the possibility of more generalized versions. Quantum interference as shown by a double slit diffraction experiment only occurs from pairs of paths. Even in multi-slit versions, interference can only occur between pairs of possibilities and increasing the number of slits does not increase the complexity of the theory that still remains second-order. However, more generalized versions of quantum mechanics may allow for multi-path i.e. higher than second order interference. This experiment also provides a bound on the magnitude of such higher order interference. We have been able to bound the magnitude of three-path interference to less than 10{sup -2} of the expected two-path interference, thus ruling out third and higher order interference and providing a bound on the accuracy of Born's rule.

Sinha, Urbasi [Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, 200 University avenue west, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

13

Team 3: Student Support Resources 2.D Student Support Resources (Rimpau/Caires)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013) Resources and Capacity By documenting the adequacy of its resources and capacity, the institution and Procedures: Students NWCCU Accreditation ­ Year Three Report (draft should be completed and reviewed by May) Rules, regulations for conduct, rights, and responsibilities; g) Tuition, fees, and other program costs

Lawrence, Rick L.

14

Public Utility Commission Regulation and Cost-Effectiveness of Title IV: Lessons for CAIR  

SciTech Connect

There is growing evidence that the cost savings potential of the Title IV SO{sub 2} cap-and-trade program is not being reached. PUC regulatory treatment of compliance options appears to provide one explanation for this finding. That suggests that PUCs and utility companies should work together to develop incentive plans that will encourage cost-minimizing behavior for compliance with the EPA's recently issued Clean Air Interstate Rule.

Sotkiewicz, Paul M.; Holt, Lynne

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

September 16, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Former Worker and Energy Compensation Programs, CAIRS Reporting, Central Worker Data Tracking - Agenda  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting September 16, 2008 1:00 - 3:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 SUBJECT: Former Worker/Energy Compensation Programs CAIRS Reporting Central Worker Data Tracking Meeting Facilitation: Building &Construction Trades Department Center for Construction Research &Training [Pete Stafford, Patricia Quinn] Agenda I. Former Worker Screening: Outreach, Improved Facilitation, Collective efforts and issues 1. Screening Programs (historical and future needs) - OccMed/contractor interaction - Program improvements [i.e., aspects of latent chronic illness] - Subcontractor population - Improved program management -- Standards for preventing future cases [Proper screening/tracking] -- Address contractor; production vs. construction; Complex wide portability

16

Solar Decathlon Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RULES RULES Last Updated: September 3, 2009 2009 Solar Decathlon Rules i September 3, 2009 Contents SECTION I: DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................................................1 SECTION II: GENERAL RULES ..................................................................................................................................5 Rule 1. Authority ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5 1-1. Director ................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

17

HIPAA Security Rule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Related ActivitiesHIPAA Security RuleHealth Information Exchange (HIE) Security Architecture. Related ... HIPAA Security Rule. NIST ...

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

18

Nitrogen sorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas. 5 figs.

Friesen, D.T.; Babcock, W.C.; Edlund, D.J.; Miller, W.K.

1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

19

Nitrogen sorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

Friesen, Dwayne T. (Bend, OR); Babcock, Walter C. (Bend, OR); Edlund, David J. (Bend, OR); Miller, Warren K. (Bend, OR)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Nitrogen sorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

Friesen, Dwayne T. (Bend, OR); Babcock, Walter C. (Bend, OR); Edlund, David J. (Bend, OR); Miller, Warren K. (Bend, OR)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nitrogen sorption  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nitrogen-sorbing and -desorbing compositions and methods of using the same are disclosed, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

Friesen, D.T.; Babcock, W.C.; Edlund, D.J.; Miller, W.K.

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

22

Generating concise association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Association rule mining has made many achievements in the area of knowledge discovery. However, the quality of the extracted association rules is a big concern. One problem with the quality of the extracted association rules is the huge size of the extracted ... Keywords: closed itemsets, generators, redundant association rules

Yue Xu; Yuefeng Li

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Liquid Nitrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dry Ice vs. Liquid Nitrogen Previous Video (Dry Ice vs. Liquid Nitrogen) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Shattering Pennies) Shattering Pennies Liquid Nitrogen Cooled...

24

Rules for Pipeline Public Utilities, Rules for Gas Service and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Rules for Pipeline Public Utilities, Rules for Gas Service and Safety (New Hampshire) Rules for Pipeline...

25

Discovering significant rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many applications, association rules will only be interesting if they represent non-trivial correlations between all constituent items. Numerous techniques have been developed that seek to avoid false discoveries. However, while all provide useful ... Keywords: association rules, rule discovery, statistics

Geoffrey I. Webb

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Rules for contrast sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a technique to derive rules describing contrast sets. Contrast sets are a formalism to represent groups differences. We propose a novel approach to describe directional contrasts using rules where the contrasting effect is partitioned ... Keywords: Bonferroni adjustment, Contrast Sets, Fisher exact test, association rules

Paulo J. Azevedo

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Building Technologies Office: Process Rule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office: Process Rule on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Process Rule on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Process Rule on Delicious Rank Building...

28

Implications of the CAIR Vacatur  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperature Sensing EM Electromagnetic EOR Enhanced Oil Recovery EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FE Office of Fossil Energy FEPs Features, Events, and Processes...

29

Implications of the CAIR Vacatur  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research and Research and Development Needs Workshop Report Final Report January 2012 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Prepared By: Leonardo Technologies, Inc. DOE Contract #DE-FE0004002 Leonardo Technologies, Inc. January 2012 Carbon Storage Program Research and Development Needs Workshop Report i Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned

30

Natural Gas Rules (Louisiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Louisiana Department of Natural Resources administers the rules that govern natural gas exploration and extraction in the state. DNR works with the Louisiana Department of Environmental...

31

Optimal refinement of rule bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a formal analysis of the rule refinement selection problem. There is no satisfactory methodical standard for the optimal refinement of rule bases. Current refinement systems select the best overall rule base refinements out of a ... Keywords: Rule base validation, complex gain calculation, conflicting and alternative rule refinements, evaluation of safety-critical knowledge bases, optimal refinement selection, rule refinement classes, subsumption and synergy

Hans-Werner Kelbassa

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Microsoft Word - Final Rule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 CFR, part 835 Docket No. HS-RM-09-835 RIN 1992-AA-45 Occupational Radiation Protection AGENCY: Office of Health, Safety and Security Department of Energy ACTION: Final Rule...

33

(FIELD) SYMMETRIZATION SELECTION RULES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

QCD and QED exhibit an infinite set of three-point Green's functions that contain only OZI rule violating contributions, and (for QCD) are subleading in the large N{sub c} expansion. We prove that the QCD amplitude for a neutral hybrid {l_brace}1,3,5. . .{r_brace}{+-} exotic current to create {eta}{pi}{sup 0} only comes from OZI rule violating contributions under certain conditions, and is subleading in N{sub c}.

P. PAGE

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Reliable representations for association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Association rule mining has contributed to many advances in the area of knowledge discovery. However, the quality of the discovered association rules is a big concern and has drawn more and more attention recently. One problem with the quality of the ... Keywords: Association rule mining, Closed itemsets, Data mining agents, Knowledge discovery, Redundant association rules

Yue Xu; Yuefeng Li; Gavin Shaw

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

NEWTON: Rules of Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rules of Science Rules of Science Name: Steven Status: other Grade: 12+ Location: WA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What are the hard-and-fast rules of science? Are there any? How does science avoid becoming fiction? Replies: Interesting question. Since the question posed refers to some generic 'science', I would offer these few thoughts.... Science (to me) involves careful, precise observation of some natural or man-made phenomenon, accurately and objectively capturing the observation, honestly and objectively sharing of the captured data, fair and objective analysis of the captured data, and fair, honest, and objective efforts to test and thereby replicate the data in the interest of adding the gathered information to the ever-growing body of gathered, analyzed, tested and replicated knowledge we accept as the nearest thing to "fact" we know. Collection of the observed components of the phenomenon with integrity can help us to make predictions of future similar and dissimilar events

36

Nitrogen Deposition Data Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Deposition Data Available This data set, prepared by Elizabeth Holland and colleagues, contains data for wet and dry nitrogen-species deposition for the United States and...

37

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream If you have access to liquid nitrogen and the proper safety equipment and training, try this in place of your normal cryogenics demonstration Download...

38

Solid Waste Management Rules (Vermont)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These rules establish procedures and standards to protect public health and the environment by ensuring the safe, proper, and sustainable management of solid waste in Vermont. The rules apply to...

39

EU approves food labeling rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New food-labeling regulations are in place in the European Union after the European Parliament (EP) approved rules aimed at helping consumers make better informed, healthier [sic] choices. EU approves food labeling rules Inform Magazine Inform Archives

40

Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report N99, Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional Issues, 15 June 2005. In the months following the 2005 coup, international pressure had some effect. Most notably, it left the royal government in an awkward limbo -- prevented from... "King cuts civil service reservations for indigenous peoples", Weekly Indigenous News, 26 August 2005, available at http://us.oneworld.net. 11 "Parties should be declared anti-national", The Kathmandu Post, 3 July 2005. Nepal: Beyond Royal Rule...

International Crisis Group

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Transportation Rule Technical Support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI initiated this project as part of an industry effort to seek regulatory relief for two low-level waste (LLW) transportation container rules that the industry perceived as overly conservative. This report presents the technical arguments for regulatory change developed by the EPRI project team. EPRI, through the cooperation of the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI), is in the process of bringing these two technical arguments forward to the various regulatory agencies.

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

42

Glossary Term - Liquid Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lepton Previous Term (Lepton) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Mercury) Mercury Liquid Nitrogen Liquid nitrogen boils in a frying pan on a desk. The liquid state of the element...

43

A Novel Rule Ordering Approach in Classification Association Rule Mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. A Classification Association Rule (CAR), a common type of mined knowledge in Data Mining, describes an implicative co-occurring relationship between a set of binary-valued data-attributes (items) and a pre-defined class, expressed in the form of an antecedent ? consequent-class rule. Classification Association Rule Mining (CARM) is a recent Classification Rule Mining (CRM) approach that builds an Association Rule Mining (ARM) based classifier using CARs. Regardless of which particular methodology is used to build it, a classifier is usually presented as an ordered CAR list, based on an applied rule ordering strategy. Five existing rule ordering mechanisms can be identified: (1) Confidence-Support-size_of_Antecedent (CSA), (2) size_of_Antecedent-Confidence-Support (ACS), (3) Weighted Relative Accuracy (WRA), (4) Laplace Accuracy, and (5) ? 2 Testing. In this paper, we divide the above mechanisms into two groups: (i) pure support-confidence framework like, and (ii) additive score assigning like. We consequently propose a hybrid rule ordering approach by combining one approach taken from (i) and another approach taken from (ii). The experimental results show that the proposed rule ordering approach performs well with respect to the accuracy of classification.

Yanbo J. Wang; Qin Xin; Frans Coenen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

EPA Final Ground Water Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Safety and Environment Information Brief HS-20-IB-2007-02 (March 2007) EPA Final Ground Water Rule Safe Drinking Water Act: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations Ground Water Rule - 40 CFR Parts 9, 141 and 142 Final Rule: 71 FR 65574 Effective Date: January 8, 2007 1 RULE SYNOPSIS On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach

45

Process Rule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Process Rule Process Rule Process Rule The Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a formal effort between 1995 and 1996 to improve the process it used to develop appliance efficiency standards. This effort involved many different stakeholders, including manufacturers, energy-efficiency advocates, trade associations, state agencies, utilities, and other interested parties. The result was the publication of the Process Rule: 61 FR 36974 (July 15, 1996). Found in the Code of Federal Regulations at 10 CFR 430 Appendix A to Subpart C, the Process Rule describes the procedures, interpretations, and policies that guide DOE in establishing new or revised energy-efficiency standards for consumer products. Elements of the Process Rule have been superseded or supplemented by more recent practices described elsewhere on

46

Proposed Rules Federal Register  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21813 21813 Vol. 76, No. 75 Tuesday, April 19, 2011 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 429 [Docket Number: EERE-2010-BT-CE-0014] RIN 1904-AC23 Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and Commercial and Industrial Equipment AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the ''Department'') proposes to amend the compliance dates for revisions to its certification, compliance, and enforcement regulations for certain commercial and industrial equipment covered under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended (EPCA or the ''Act''). Specifically, DOE is tentatively proposing an 18-month extension to the

47

Reading Comprehension - Liquid Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen Liquid Nitrogen Nitrogen is the most common substance in Earth's _________ crust oceans atmosphere trees . In the Earth's atmosphere, nitrogen is a gas. The particles of a gas move very quickly. They run around and bounce into everyone and everything. The hotter a gas is, the _________ slower faster hotter colder the particles move. When a gas is _________ cooled warmed heated compressed , its particles slow down. If a gas is cooled enough, it can change from a gas to a liquid. For nitrogen, this happens at a very _________ strange warm low high temperature. If you want to change nitrogen from a gas to a liquid, you have to bring its temperature down to 77 Kelvin. That's 321 degrees below zero _________ Kelvin Celsius Centigrade Fahrenheit ! Liquid nitrogen looks like water, but it acts very differently. It

48

Underground Injection Control Rule (Vermont)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This rule regulates injection wells, including wells used by generators of hazardous or radioactive wastes, disposal wells within an underground source of drinking water, recovery of geothermal...

49

Nitrogen spark denoxer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A NO.sub.X control system for an internal combustion engine includes an oxygen enrichment device that produces oxygen and nitrogen enriched air. The nitrogen enriched air contains molecular nitrogen that is provided to a spark plug that is mounted in an exhaust outlet of an internal combustion engine. As the nitrogen enriched air is expelled at the spark gap of the spark plug, the nitrogen enriched air is exposed to a pulsating spark that is generated across the spark gap of the spark plug. The spark gap is elongated so that a sufficient amount of atomic nitrogen is produced and is injected into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine. The injection of the atomic nitrogen into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine causes the oxides of nitrogen to be reduced into nitrogen and oxygen such that the emissions from the engine will have acceptable levels of NO.sub.X. The oxygen enrichment device that produces both the oxygen and nitrogen enriched air can include a selectively permeable membrane.

Ng, Henry K. (Naperville, IL); Novick, Vincent J. (Downers Grove, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The Clean Air Mercury Rule  

SciTech Connect

Coming into force on July 15, 2005, the US Clean Air Mercury Rule will use a market-based cap-and-trade approach under Section 111 of the Clean Air Act to reduce mercury emissions from the electric power sector. This article provides a comprehensive summary of the new rule. 14 refs., 2 tabs.

Michael Rossler [Edison Electric Institute, Washington, DC (US)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Reactive rules on the web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reactive rules are used for programming rule-based, reactive systems, which have the ability to detect events and respond to them automatically in a timely manner. Such systems are needed on the Web for bridging the gap between the existing, passive ...

Bruno Berstel; Philippe Bonnard; Franois Bry; Michael Eckert; Paula-Lavinia P?trnjan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When some of the uncertainties associated with lightning are reviewed, it becomes difficult to support a large production of fixed nitrogen from the lightning shock wave.

G. A. Dawson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Register Vol. 77, No. 28 Friday, February 10, 2012 Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 Docket Number EERE-2010-BT-STD- 0048 RIN 1904-AC04 Energy...

54

Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) Eligibility Commercial...

55

TMS 50th Anniversary Materials Bowl Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Promoting the global science and engineering Professions concerned with minerals, ... Bowl. Rules. Official Rules. This contest is open to all Material Advantage...

56

Natural Gas Procurement Plan Rules (Arkansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Natural Gas Procurement Plan Rules are promulgated under the authority of the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules require that utilities develop and maintain a diversified gas...

57

CAIRS Injury and Illness Reporting Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides centralized collection of these individual accident reports, allows users to query the individual accident report fields directly to create custom reports, generate...

58

Nitrogen Deposition Data Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Cycle Data Available The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set prepared by Elisabeth Holland and colleagues titled "Global N Cycle: Fluxes and N2O Mixing Ratios...

59

Risk Analysis & Security Rule Compliance Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Risk Analysis & Security Rule Compliance Activities Marissa Gordon- Nguyen, JD, MPH Health Information Privacy Specialist ...

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

60

Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notices and Rules Notices and Rules to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules on AddThis.com... Requirements by Subject Requirements by Regulation Notices & Rules Guidance Facility Reporting Fleet Reporting Notices and Rules The following notices, rulemakings, and guidelines were announced through the Federal Register as defined by the Administration Procedure Act and the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Foreign Refinery Rules Contents * Introduction o Table 1. History of Foreign Refiner Regulations * Foreign Refinery Baseline * Monitoring Imported Conventional Gasoline * Endnotes Related EIA Short-Term Forecast Analysis Products * Areas Participating in the Reformulated Gasoline Program * Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations * Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model * Refiners Switch to Reformulated Gasoline Complex Model * Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline, 1995 Introduction On August 27, 1997, the EPA promulgated revised the rules that allow foreign refiners to establish and use individual baselines, but it would not be mandatory (the optional use of an

62

METHANE AND NITROGEN ABUNDANCES ON PLUTO AND ERIS  

SciTech Connect

We present spectra of Eris from the MMT 6.5 m Telescope and Red Channel Spectrograph (5700-9800 A, 5 A pixel{sup -1}) on Mt. Hopkins, AZ, and of Pluto from the Steward Observatory 2.3 m Telescope and Boller and Chivens Spectrograph (7100-9400 A, 2 A pixel{sup -1}) on Kitt Peak, AZ. In addition, we present laboratory transmission spectra of methane-nitrogen and methane-argon ice mixtures. By anchoring our analysis in methane and nitrogen solubilities in one another as expressed in the phase diagram of Prokhvatilov and Yantsevich, and comparing methane bands in our Eris and Pluto spectra and methane bands in our laboratory spectra of methane and nitrogen ice mixtures, we find Eris' bulk methane and nitrogen abundances are {approx}10% and {approx}90% and Pluto's bulk methane and nitrogen abundances are {approx}3% and {approx}97%. Such abundances for Pluto are consistent with values reported in the literature. It appears that the bulk volatile composition of Eris is similar to the bulk volatile composition of Pluto. Both objects appear to be dominated by nitrogen ice. Our analysis also suggests, unlike previous work reported in the literature, that the methane and nitrogen stoichiometry is constant with depth into the surface of Eris. Finally, we point out that our Eris spectrum is also consistent with a laboratory ice mixture consisting of 40% methane and 60% argon. Although we cannot rule out an argon-rich surface, it seems more likely that nitrogen is the dominant species on Eris because the nitrogen ice 2.15 {mu}m band is seen in spectra of Pluto and Triton.

Tegler, S. C.; Cornelison, D. M.; Abernathy, M. R.; Bovyn, M. J.; Burt, J. A.; Evans, D. E.; Maleszewski, C. K.; Thompson, Z. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States); Grundy, W. M. [Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Romanishin, W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Vilas, F., E-mail: Stephen.Tegler@nau.ed, E-mail: David.Cornelison@nau.ed, E-mail: W.Grundy@lowell.ed, E-mail: wjr@nhn.ou.ed, E-mail: fvilas@mmto.or [MMT Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RULES RULES Last Updated: August 1, 2013 U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 Rules i August 1, 2013 Contents SECTION I: DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................................................1 SECTION II: GENERAL RULES ..................................................................................................................................5 Rule 1. Authority ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5 1-1. Director ................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

64

Cosmic-ray sum rules  

SciTech Connect

We introduce new sum rules allowing to determine universal properties of the unknown component of the cosmic rays; we show how they can be used to predict the positron fraction at energies not yet explored by current experiments, and to constrain specific models.

Frandsen, Mads T. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Masina, Isabella [Dip. di Fisica dell'Universita di Ferrara and INFN Sez. di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, I-44100 Ferrara (Italy); CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark); Sannino, Francesco [CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Quantum deduction rules (preliminary version)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum deduction rules (preliminary version) Pavel Pudl??ak # March 27, 2007 Abstract We define propositional quantum Frege proof systems and compare it with classical Frege proof systems. 1 Introduction In this paper we shall address the question whether quantum circuits could help us prove theorems faster than

Pudlák, Pavel

66

Manipulation of Nanson's and Baldwin's Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanson's and Baldwin's voting rules select a winner by successively eliminating candidates with low Borda scores. We show that these rules have a number of desirable computational properties. In particular, with unweighted votes, it is NP-hard to manipulate either rule with one manipulator, whilst with weighted votes, it is NP-hard to manipulate either rule with a small number of candidates and a coalition of manipulators. As only a couple of other voting rules are known to be NP-hard to manipulate with a single manipulator, Nanson's and Baldwin's rules appear to be particularly resistant to manipulation from a theoretical perspective. We also propose a number of approximation methods for manipulating these two rules. Experiments demonstrate that both rules are often difficult to manipulate in practice. These results suggest that elimination style voting rules deserve further study.

Narodytska, Nina; Xia, Lirong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

What's in a Rule: Two-Dimensional Rule Use in Category Learning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Current theories of rules in category learning define rules as one-dimensional boundaries. However, recent evidence suggests that rules may also be two-dimensional boundaries. Four experiments (more)

LaShell, Patrick J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Interconnection Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission The Cogeneration Rules are enforced by the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are designed to ensure that all power producers looking to sell their power to residents of Arkansas are necessary, benefit the public and are environmentally friendly. Under these rules new

69

Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) Net Metering Rules (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission The Net Metering Rules are promulgated under the authority of the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are created to establish rules for net energy metering and interconnection. These rules are developed pursuant to the Arkansas Renewable Energy Development Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 23-18-603). These rules apply to all electric utilities.

70

Words and rules in the brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Words-and-Rules theory (WR) posits that different mental processes underlie regular and irregular past tense formation: regular forms are rule-generated ('add -ed'), whereas irregular forms are retrieved from memory. ...

Rhee, Jaemin, 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Air Pollution Control Rules (West Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The listed rules were enacted as directed by the Air Pollution Control Act. Together, these rules guide the monitoring, permitting and compliance enforcement of air quality in the state.

72

Autonomous Rule Creation for Intrusion Detection  

SciTech Connect

Many computational intelligence techniques for anomaly based network intrusion detection can be found in literature. Translating a newly discovered intrusion recognition criteria into a distributable rule can be a human intensive effort. This paper explores a multi-modal genetic algorithm solution for autonomous rule creation. This algorithm focuses on the process of creating rules once an intrusion has been identified, rather than the evolution of rules to provide a solution for intrusion detection. The algorithm was demonstrated on anomalous ICMP network packets (input) and Snort rules (output of the algorithm). Output rules were sorted according to a fitness value and any duplicates were removed. The experimental results on ten test cases demonstrated a 100 percent rule alert rate. Out of 33,804 test packets 3 produced false positives. Each test case produced a minimum of three rule variations that could be used as candidates for a production system.

Todd Vollmer; Jim Alves-Foss; Milos Manic

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Liquid Nitrogen in a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Freeze Liquid Nitrogen! Freeze Liquid Nitrogen! Previous Video (Let's Freeze Liquid Nitrogen!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Freeze the Rainbow!) Freeze the Rainbow! Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave! What happens when the world's most beloved cryogenic liquid meets one of the most common household appliances? Find out when we try to microwave liquid nitrogen! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: A little while ago we received an email from Star of the Sea Catholic School in Virginia Beach, Virginia, asking what happens when you place liquid nitrogen in a microwave. Well, I just happen to have some liquid nitrogen! Steve: And I just happen to have a microwave!

74

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Liquid Nitrogen and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Freeze the Rainbow! Freeze the Rainbow! Previous Video (Freeze the Rainbow!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen and Fire!) Liquid Nitrogen and Fire! Liquid Nitrogen and Antifreeze! What happens when the freezing power of liquid nitrogen meets the antifreezing power of ethylene glycol? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: What happens when the freezing power of liquid nitrogen... Steve: ...meets the antifreezing power of ethylene glycol! Joanna: While a mix of 70 percent ethylene glycol and 30 percent water doesn't freeze until 60 degrees below zero, it's still no match for liquid nitrogen. At 321 degrees below zero, liquid nitrogen easily freezes

75

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. We have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen.

Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A. (Menlo Park, CA); Pinnau, Ingo (Palo Alto, CA); Segelke, Scott (Mountain View, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Methane/nitrogen separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process is described for treating a gas stream containing methane and nitrogen, for example, natural gas. The separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and rejecting nitrogen. The authors have found that the process is able to meet natural gas pipeline specifications for nitrogen, with acceptably small methane loss, so long as the membrane can exhibit a methane/nitrogen selectivity of about 4, 5 or more. This selectivity can be achieved with some rubbery and super-glassy membranes at low temperatures. The process can also be used for separating ethylene from nitrogen. 11 figs.

Baker, R.W.; Lokhandwala, K.A.; Pinnau, I.; Segelke, S.

1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

77

Comparison of five organic wastes regarding their behaviour during composting: Part 2, nitrogen dynamic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aimed to compare household waste, separated pig solids, food waste, pig slaughterhouse sludge and green algae regarding processes ruling nitrogen dynamic during composting. For each waste, three composting simulations were performed in parallel in three similar reactors (300 L), each one under a constant aeration rate. The aeration flows applied were comprised between 100 and 1100 L/h. The initial waste and the compost were characterized through the measurements of their contents in dry matter, total carbon, Kjeldahl and total ammoniacal nitrogen, nitrite and nitrate. Kjeldahl and total ammoniacal nitrogen and nitrite and nitrate were measured in leachates and in condensates too. Ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions were monitored in continue. The cumulated emissions in ammonia and in nitrous oxide were given for each waste and at each aeration rate. The paper focused on process of ammonification and on transformations and transfer of total ammoniacal nitrogen. The parameters of nitrous oxide emissions were not investigated. The removal rate of total Kjeldahl nitrogen was shown being closely tied to the ammonification rate. Ammonification was modelled thanks to the calculation of the ratio of biodegradable carbon to organic nitrogen content of the biodegradable fraction. The wastes were shown to differ significantly regarding their ammonification ability. Nitrogen balances were calculated by subtracting nitrogen losses from nitrogen removed from material. Defaults in nitrogen balances were assumed to correspond to conversion of nitrate even nitrite into molecular nitrogen and then to the previous conversion by nitrification of total ammoniacal nitrogen. The pool of total ammoniacal nitrogen, i.e. total ammoniacal nitrogen initially contained in waste plus total ammoniacal nitrogen released by ammonification, was calculated for each experiment. Then, this pool was used as the referring amount in the calculation of the rates of accumulation, stripping and nitrification of total ammoniacal nitrogen. Separated pig solids were characterised by a high ability to accumulate total ammoniacal nitrogen. Whatever the waste, the striping rate depended mostly on the aeration rate and on the pool concentration in biofilm. The nitrification rate was observed as all the higher as the concentration in total ammoniacal nitrogen in the initial waste was low. Thus, household waste and green algae exhibited the highest nitrification rates. This result could mean that in case of low concentrations in total ammoniacal nitrogen, a nitrifying biomass was already developed and that this biomass consumed it. In contrast, in case of high concentrations, this could traduce some difficulties for nitrifying microorganisms to develop.

Guardia, A. de, E-mail: amaury.de-guardia@cemagref.f [Cemagref, UR GERE, 17 Avenue de Cucille, CS 64427, F-35044 Rennes (France); Universite Europeenne de Bretagne, F-35000 Rennes (France); Mallard, P.; Teglia, C.; Marin, A.; Le Pape, C.; Launay, M.; Benoist, J.C.; Petiot, C. [Cemagref, UR GERE, 17 Avenue de Cucille, CS 64427, F-35044 Rennes (France); Universite Europeenne de Bretagne, F-35000 Rennes (France)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

Drilling for Geothermal Resources Rules - Idaho | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Resources Rules - Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Drilling for Geothermal Resources Rules - Idaho Details...

79

Parallel machine architecture for production rule systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A parallel processing system for production rule programs utilizes a host processor for storing production rule right hand sides (RHS) and a plurality of rule processors for storing left hand sides (LHS). The rule processors operate in parallel in the recognize phase of the system recognize -Act Cycle to match their respective LHS's against a stored list of working memory elements (WME) in order to find a self consistent set of WME's. The list of WME is dynamically varied during the Act phase of the system in which the host executes or fires rule RHS's for those rules for which a self-consistent set has been found by the rule processors. The host transmits instructions for creating or deleting working memory elements as dictated by the rule firings until the rule processors are unable to find any further self-consistent working memory element sets at which time the production rule system is halted.

Allen, Jr., John D. (Knoxville, TN); Butler, Philip L. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Understanding Nitrogen Fixation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of our program is to explore fundamental chemistry relevant to the discovery of energy efficient methods for the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen (N{sub 2}) into more value-added nitrogen-containing organic molecules. Such transformations are key for domestic energy security and the reduction of fossil fuel dependencies. With DOE support, we have synthesized families of zirconium and hafnium dinitrogen complexes with elongated and activated N-N bonds that exhibit rich N{sub 2} functionalization chemistry. Having elucidated new methods for N-H bond formation from dihydrogen, C-H bonds and Broensted acids, we have since turned our attention to N-C bond construction. These reactions are particularly important for the synthesis of amines, heterocycles and hydrazines with a range of applications in the fine and commodity chemicals industries and as fuels. One recent highlight was the discovery of a new N{sub 2} cleavage reaction upon addition of carbon monoxide which resulted in the synthesis of an important fertilizer, oxamide, from the diatomics with the two strongest bonds in chemistry. Nitrogen-carbon bonds form the backbone of many important organic molecules, especially those used in the fertilizer and pharamaceutical industries. During the past year, we have continued our work in the synthesis of hydrazines of various substitution patterns, many of which are important precursors for heterocycles. In most instances, the direct functionalization of N{sub 2} offers a more efficient synthetic route than traditional organic methods. In addition, we have also discovered a unique CO-induced N{sub 2} bond cleavage reaction that simultaneously cleaves the N-N bond of the metal dinitrogen compound and assembles new C-C bond and two new N-C bonds. Treatment of the CO-functionalized core with weak Broensted acids liberated oxamide, H{sub 2}NC(O)C(O)NH{sub 2}, an important slow release fertilizer that is of interest to replace urea in many applications. The synthesis of ammonia, NH{sub 3}, from its elements, H{sub 2} and N{sub 2}, via the venerable Haber-Bosch process is one of the most significant technological achievements of the past century. Our research program seeks to discover new transition metal reagents and catalysts to disrupt the strong N {triple_bond} N bond in N{sub 2} and create new, fundamental chemical linkages for the construction of molecules with application as fuels, fertilizers and fine chemicals. With DOE support, our group has discovered a mild method for ammonia synthesis in solution as well as new methods for the construction of nitrogen-carbon bonds directly from N{sub 2}. Ideally these achievements will evolve into more efficient nitrogen fixation schemes that circumvent the high energy demands of industrial ammonia synthesis. Industrially, atmospheric nitrogen enters the synthetic cycle by the well-established Haber-Bosch process whereby N{sub 2} is hydrogenated to ammonia at high temperature and pressure. The commercialization of this reaction represents one of the greatest technological achievements of the 20th century as Haber-Bosch ammonia is responsible for supporting approximately 50% of the world's population and serves as the source of half of the nitrogen in the human body. The extreme reaction conditions required for an economical process have significant energy consequences, consuming 1% of the world's energy supply mostly in the form of pollution-intensive coal. Moreover, industrial H{sub 2} synthesis via the water gas shift reaction and the steam reforming of methane is fossil fuel intensive and produces CO{sub 2} as a byproduct. New synthetic methods that promote this thermodynamically favored transformation ({Delta}G{sup o} = -4.1 kcal/mol) under milder conditions or completely obviate it are therefore desirable. Most nitrogen-containing organic molecules are derived from ammonia (and hence rely on the Haber-Bosch and H{sub 2} synthesis processes) and direct synthesis from atmospheric nitrogen could, in principle, be more energy-efficient. This is particularly attractive giv

Paul J. Chirik

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nitrogen fixation apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O.sub.2 /cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N.sub.2. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N.sub.2 at a much quicker rate than unexcited N.sub.2, greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed.

Chen, Hao-Lin (Walnut Creek, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Federal Register 4 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 1 / Monday, January 3, 2011 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2010-0002] 10 CFR Part 1021 RIN 1990-AA34 National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures AGENCY: Office of the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking and public hearing. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) proposes to amend its existing regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The majority of the changes are proposed for the categorical exclusions provisions contained in its NEPA Implementing Procedures, with a small number of related changes proposed for other provisions. These proposed changes are intended to better align the

83

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in EPA's Boiler Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from commercial, industrial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. These new rules, known as the Boiler MACT (major sources) and...

84

Water Rules (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Rules (Alabama) Water Rules (Alabama) Water Rules (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Residential Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations These rules and regulations shall apply to all water systems subject to the jurisdiction of the Alabama Public Service Commission. They are intended to promote good utility practices, to assure adequate and efficient service to the public at a reasonable cost, and to establish the rights and responsibilities of both the utility and the customer. Applications for certificates must be filed separately for each water system.

85

Generalized Decision Rule Approximations for Stochastic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the exploration of additional application areas. The main ... nonlinear decision rules in the context of a dynamic production planning problem in Section 7.

86

Rule 10 CFR 835 and Amendments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Training Radiological Control Coordinating Committee Health and Safety HSS Logo Rule 10 CFR 835 and Amendments 4132011 amendment and complete text of 10 CFR 835 (Word) and...

87

Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Safety (HS-30) Office of Nuclear Safety Home Directives Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy Rules Nuclear Safety Workshops Technical Standards Program Search ...

88

Rules of thumb for passive solar heating  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rules of thumb are given for passive solar systems for: (1) sizing solar glazing for 219 cities, (2) sizing thermal storage mass, and (3) building orientation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Two novel methods in QCD sum rules  

SciTech Connect

Two novel methods in extracting the spectral information of hadrons in the QCD sum rule technique. The first one is to combine two sum rules so that the pole dominance is achieved and the resonance information is effectively obtained. This method is applied to the pentaquark {Theta}{sup +} and its quantum numbers are predicted. The second method is to use the Bayesian inference theory to obtain the most probable form of the spectral function from the sum rule. We have checked the method to work in the case of the rho meson sum rule.

Gubler, Philipp; Oka, Makoto [Dept. of Physics, H-27, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

90

Five rules for longer battery life  

SciTech Connect

The fundamentals of proper lead-acid battery care are given, including five basic maintenance rules, and the reasoning behind them, for longer battery life.

1971-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Liquid Nitrogen and Fire!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Antifreeze! Antifreeze! Previous Video (Liquid Nitrogen and Antifreeze!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery!) Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery! Liquid Nitrogen and Fire! A burning candle is placed in a container of liquid nitrogen! Filmed in front of a live studio audience. Well, they were live when we started... [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Steve: Now, then. I'm a little bit afraid to ask this next question because I think I already know the answer, but is anyone in here feeling a little... dangerous? You're willing to take a chance? Because I am willing to do an experiment they haven't let me do since 'The Incident.' Now, because of the danger, I cannot have a volunteer. I must do this on my

92

Learning classification rules for multiple target attributes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among predictive models, 'if-then' rule sets are one of the most expressive and human readable model representations. Most of the existing approaches for rule learning focus on predicting a single target attribute/class. In practice, however, we encounter ...

Bernard enko; Sao Deroski

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Nitrogen chiller acceptance test procedure  

SciTech Connect

This document includes the inspection and testing requirements for the Nitrogen Chiller unit. The Chiller will support the Rotary Mode core Sampling System during the summer. The Chiller cools the Nitrogen Purge Gas that is used when drilling in tank wastes to cool the drill bit.

Kostelnik, A.J.

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in EPA's Boiler Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities in EPA's Boiler Rules Opportunities in EPA's Boiler Rules On December 20, 2012, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized new regulations to control emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from commercial, industrial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. These new rules, known as the Boiler MACT (major sources) and Boiler Area Source Rule (smaller sources), will reduce the amount of HAPS such as mercury, heavy metals, and other toxics that enter the environment. Since emissions from boilers are linked to fuel consumption, energy efficiency is an important strategy for complying with the new Boiler rules. Who is affected? Most existing industrial, commercial and institutional (ICI) boilers will not be affected by the Boiler MACT. These unaffected boilers are mostly small natural gas-fired boilers. Only about 14% of all existing

95

Natural Gas Rules (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Rules (Alabama) Natural Gas Rules (Alabama) Natural Gas Rules (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines These rules apply to all gas utilities operating in the state of Alabama under the jurisdiction of the Alabama Public Service Commission. The rules state standards for the measurement of gas at higher than standard service pressure. Every utility shall provide and install at its own expense, and shall continue to own, maintain and operate all equipment necessary for the regulation and measurement of gas. Each utility furnishing metered gas service shall own and maintain the equipment and facilities necessary for accurately testing the various types and sizes of meters used for the measurement of gas. Each utility shall

96

Eighth international congress on nitrogen fixation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation held May 20--26, 1990 in Knoxville, Tennessee. The volume contains abstracts of individual presentations. Sessions were entitled Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Nitrogen Fixation, Plant-microbe Interactions, Limiting Factors of Nitrogen Fixation, Nitrogen Fixation and the Environment, Bacterial Systems, Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture and Industry, Plant Function, and Nitrogen Fixation and Evolution.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Superconductors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Main Index Next Video (Cells vs. Liquid Nitrogen) Cells vs. Liquid Nitrogen Superconductors What happens when a magnet is placed on a superconductor? Play the video to find...

98

Vermont Wetland Rules (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wetland Rules (Vermont) Wetland Rules (Vermont) Vermont Wetland Rules (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Conservation A permit is required for any activity within a Class I or Class II wetland

99

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Instant Liquid Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Freezing Balloons! Freezing Balloons! Previous Video (Freezing Balloons!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Shattering Flowers!) Shattering Flowers! Instant Liquid Nitrogen Balloon Party! Need a bunch of balloons blown-up quickly? Liquid nitrogen to the rescue! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: We've been making videos for a while now and we've learned that people like balloons and liquid nitrogen! Steve: So... Here you go! Balloon: Crackling... Balloon: Pop! Joanna: Ooh! Balloon: Pop! Balloon: Pop! Steve: If you'd like to know the science of what's going on behind this, please one of our first videos, "Liquid Nitrogen Experiments: The Balloon."

100

An integrated approach to learning bayesian networks of rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) is a popular approach for learning rules for classification tasks. An important question is how to combine the individual rules to obtain a useful classifier. In some instances, converting each learned rule into a binary ...

Jesse Davis; Elizabeth Burnside; Ins de Castro Dutra; David Page; Vtor Santos Costa

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Notices and Rules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laws & Regulations » Notices and Rules Laws & Regulations » Notices and Rules Notices and Rules October 8, 2013 - 1:51pm Addthis The following notices, rulemakings, and guidelines were announced through the Federal Register as defined by the Administration Procedure Act and the appropriate enabling legislation. 2013 Issued by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2013: Baseline Standards Update to Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings Final Rule, Federal Register, 78 FR 40945, 10 CFR Part 433, July 9, 2013 Environmental Assessment 2012 Issued by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) in 2012: Petroleum Reduction and Alternative Fuel Consumption Requirements for Federal Fleets Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Federal Register, 77 FR 14482, 10 CFR

102

Decision Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Access Rules  

SciTech Connect

A current trend in spectrum regulation is to incorporate spectrum sharing through the design of spectrum access rules that support Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). This paper develops a decision-theoretic framework for regulators to assess the impacts of different decision rules on both primary and secondary operators. We analyze access rules based on sensing and exclusion areas, which in practice can be enforced through geolocation databases. Our results show that receiver-only sensing provides insufficient protection for primary and co-existing secondary users and overall low social welfare. On the other hand, using sensing information between the transmitter and receiver of a communication link, provides dramatic increases in system performance. The performance of using these link end points is relatively close to that of using many cooperative sensing nodes associated to the same access point and large link exclusion areas. These results are useful to regulators and network developers in understanding in developing rules for future DSA regulation.

Juan D. Deaton; Luiz A. DaSilva; Christian Wernz

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Machine Learning of Maritime Fog Forecast Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the field of artificial intelligence has contributed significantly to the science of meteorology, most notably in the now familiar form of expert systems. Expert systems have focused on rules or heuristics by establishing, in ...

Paul M. Tag; James E. Peak

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Priors in Bayesian learning of phonological rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a Bayesian procedure for unsupervised learning of phonological rules from an unlabeled corpus of training data. Like Goldsmith's Linguistica program (Goldsmith, 2004b), whose output is taken as the starting point of this procedure, ...

Sharon Goldwater; Mark Johnson

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2005 Rules and Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Students from Rhode Island School of Design's 2005 team enjoy dinner on the roof of their solar-powered house for the cooking portion of the contest. Solar Decathlon 2005 Rules and...

106

Feynman rules for a whole Abelian model  

SciTech Connect

Feynman rules for an abelian extension of gauge theories are discussed and explicitly derived. Vertices with three and four abelian gauge bosons are obtained. A discussion on an eventual structure for the photon is presented.

Chauca, J.; Doria, R.; Soares, W. [CBPF, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Aprendanet, Petropolis, 25600 (Brazil)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

107

It's Elemental - The Element Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Carbon Previous Element (Carbon) The Periodic Table of Elements Next Element (Oxygen) Oxygen The Element Nitrogen [Click for Isotope Data] 7 N Nitrogen 14.0067 Atomic Number: 7 Atomic Weight: 14.0067 Melting Point: 63.15 K (-210.00°C or -346.00°F) Boiling Point: 77.36 K (-195.79°C or -320.44°F) Density: 0.0012506 grams per cubic centimeter Phase at Room Temperature: Gas Element Classification: Non-metal Period Number: 2 Group Number: 15 Group Name: Pnictogen What's in a name? From the Greek words nitron and genes, which together mean "saltpetre forming." Say what? Nitrogen is pronounced as NYE-treh-gen. History and Uses: Nitrogen was discovered by the Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772. It is the fifth most abundant element in the universe and makes up

108

COMBUSTION SOURCES OF NITROGEN COMPOUNDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rasmussen, R.A. (1976). Combustion as a source of nitrousx control for stationary combustion sources. Prog. Energy,CA, March 3-4, 1977 COMBUSTION SOURCES OF NITROGEN COMPOUNDS

Brown, Nancy J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Insights From EPRI Maintenance Rule Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new NRC Maintenance Rule poses numerous challenges and opportunities for utilities due to its risk- and performance-based approach. This report provides many examples of problems and their solutions in the implementation of this regulation at several nuclear power plants. A comprehensive treatment of the technical basis for three troublesome areas of the rule--risk significance measures, performance criteria, and the balance between reliability and availability--is also provided to increase utility c...

1996-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nuclear magnetic moments and related sum rules  

SciTech Connect

We first review the history and our present understanding of nuclear magnetic moments and Gamow-Teller transitions, with emphasis on the roles of configuration mixing and meson exchange currents. Then we discuss the renormalization of the orbital g-factor in nuclei, and its relation to the E1 sum rule for photoabsorption and the M1 sum rule for the scissors mode of deformed nuclei.

Bentz, Wolfgang [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Arima, Akito [Musashi University, 1-26-1 Toyotama-kami, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 176-8534 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

111

EA-1892: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Residential Central Air Conditioners & Heat Pumps EA-1892: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation...

112

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rules for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Rules for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

113

Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP). ICC Staff...

114

Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management Oversight Appendix B: Rules and Directives Applicable to Nuclear Facilities Line Management...

115

40 Fed Reg 55978: CEQ NEPA Regulations, Final Rule | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Policy Act. 40 Fed Reg 55978: CEQ NEPA Regulations, Final Rule More Documents & Publications DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (57 Fed Reg 15122)...

116

Code of Federal Regulations PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Code of Federal Regulations PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES This part sets forth the procedures to govern the conduct of...

117

Solid Waste Rules (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by the solid waste rules for authorizing construction, operation, and closure of solid waste management facilities. The act includes rules for waste-to-energy operations...

118

Nitrogen removal from natural gas  

SciTech Connect

According to a 1991 Energy Information Administration estimate, U.S. reserves of natural gas are about 165 trillion cubic feet (TCF). To meet the long-term demand for natural gas, new gas fields from these reserves will have to be developed. Gas Research Institute studies reveal that 14% (or about 19 TCF) of known reserves in the United States are subquality due to high nitrogen content. Nitrogen-contaminated natural gas has a low Btu value and must be upgraded by removing the nitrogen. In response to the problem, the Department of Energy is seeking innovative, efficient nitrogen-removal methods. Membrane processes have been considered for natural gas denitrogenation. The challenge, not yet overcome, is to develop membranes with the required nitrogen/methane separation characteristics. Our calculations show that a methane-permeable membrane with a methane/nitrogen selectivity of 4 to 6 would make denitrogenation by a membrane process viable. The objective of Phase I of this project was to show that membranes with this target selectivity can be developed, and that the economics of the process based on these membranes would be competitive. Gas permeation measurements with membranes prepared from two rubbery polymers and a superglassy polymer showed that two of these materials had the target selectivity of 4 to 6 when operated at temperatures below - 20{degrees}C. An economic analysis showed that a process based on these membranes is competitive with other technologies for small streams containing less than 10% nitrogen. Hybrid designs combining membranes with other technologies are suitable for high-flow, higher-nitrogen-content streams.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Bayesian approach to QCD sum rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QCD sum rules are analyzed with the help of the Maximum Entropy Method. We develop a new technique based on the Bayesion inference theory, which allows us to directly obtain the spectral function of a given correlator from the results of the operator product expansion given in the deep euclidean 4-momentum region. The most important advantage of this approach is that one does not have to make any a priori assumptions about the functional form of the spectral function, such as the "pole + continuum" ansatz that has been widely used in QCD sum rule studies, but only needs to specify the asymptotic values of the spectral function at high and low energies as an input. As a first test of the applicability of this method, we have analyzed the sum rules of the rho-meson, a case where the sum rules are known to work well. Our results show a clear peak structure in the region of the experimental mass of the rho-meson. We thus demonstrate that the Maximum Entropy Method is successfully applied and that it is an efficient tool in the analysis of QCD sum rules.

Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

Rule-based visualization in the Discover computational steering collaboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce the concept of rule-based visualization for a computational steering collaboratory and show how these rules can be used to steer the behaviors of the visualization subsystem. Rules define high-level policies and are used to ... Keywords: Computational steering, Feature tracking, Rule-based visualization

Hua Liu; Lian Jiang; Manish Parashar; Deborah Silver

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Accelerating improvement of fuzzy rules induction with artificial immune systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces an algorithmic improvement to IFRAIS, an existing Artificial Immune System method for fuzzy rule mining. The improvement presented consists of using rule buffering during the computation of fitness of rules. This is achieved using ... Keywords: artificial immune system, data mining, fuzzy rules induction

Edward Mezyk; Olgierd Unold

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Ruling 1995-1; Ruling concerning 10 CFR Parts 830 and 835  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 CFR PART 830 10 CFR PART 830 10 CFR PART 835 Office of the General Counsel; Ruling 1995-1; Ruling concerning 10 CFR Parts 830 (Nuclear Safety Management) and 835 (Occupational Radiation Protection) AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of Ruling 1995-1. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued Ruling 1995-1 which interprets certain regulatory provisions relating to DOE's nuclear safety requirements. This Ruling is intended to be a generally applicable clarification that addresses questions concerning the applicability and effect of these provisions. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ben McRae, Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Civilian Nuclear Programs, Room 6A 167, Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Ave., SW, Washington DC 20585; telephone (202) 586-6975.

123

Federal Energy Management Program: Notices and Rules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notices and Rules Notices and Rules The following notices, rulemakings, and guidelines were announced through the Federal Register as defined by the Administration Procedure Act and the appropriate enabling legislation. 2013 Issued by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2013: Baseline Standards Update to Energy Efficiency Design Standards for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings Final Rule, Federal Register, 78 FR 40945, 10 CFR Part 433, July 9, 2013 Environmental Assessment 2012 Issued by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) in 2012: Petroleum Reduction and Alternative Fuel Consumption Requirements for Federal Fleets Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Federal Register, 77 FR 14482, 10 CFR Part 438, March 12, 2012 Docket on Regulations.gov

124

Statutory Rules and Authorities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » Statutory Rules and Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » Statutory Rules and Authorities Statutory Rules and Authorities The United States Congress has mandated through various statutes that the Department of Energy (DOE) is to implement energy conservation standards and test procedures for residential products and commercial and industrial equipment. DOE has published regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations for more than 50 categories of appliance and equipment types. Statutory Authorities The authority to develop, revise, and implement minimum energy conservation standards for appliances and equipment was established by Congress in Part B of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), Public Law 94-163, as amended by the: National Energy Conservation Policy Act, Public Law (P.L.) 95-619;

125

Pretreatment Rules (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pretreatment Rules (Ohio) Pretreatment Rules (Ohio) Pretreatment Rules (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This law lists state requirements and standards regulating the introduction of pollutants into Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs) by industrial users. The following substances shall not be introduced into a POTW: (1) Pollutants that create a fire or explosion hazard in the POTW including, but not limited to, wastestreams with a closed cup flashpoint of less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit or 60 degrees; (2) Pollutants that will cause corrosive structural damage to the POTW, but in no case discharges with pH lower than 5.0, unless the POTW is

126

Structure of the MHV-rules Lagrangian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a canonical change of field variables was proposed that converts the Yang-Mills Lagrangian into an MHV-rules Lagrangian, i.e. one whose tree level Feynman diagram expansion generates CSW rules. We solve the relations defining the canonical transformation, to all orders of expansion in the new fields, yielding simple explicit holomorphic expressions for the expansion coefficients. We use these to confirm explicitly that the three, four and five point vertices are proportional to MHV amplitudes with the correct coefficient, as expected. We point out several consequences of this framework, and initiate a study of its implications for MHV rules at the quantum level. In particular, we investigate the wavefunction matching factors implied by the Equivalence Theorem at one loop, and show that they may be taken to vanish in dimensional regularisation.

James H. Ettle; Tim R. Morris

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

127

Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options for Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers Ravi K. Srivastava and Robert E. Hall U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Research Triangle Park, NC Sikander Khan and Kevin Culligan U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, Clean Air Markets Division, Washington, DC Bruce W. Lani U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Environmental Projects Division, Pittsburgh, PA ABSTRACT Recent regulations have required reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) from electric utility boilers. To comply with these regulatory requirements, it is increas- ingly important to implement state-of-the-art NO x con- trol technologies on coal-fired utility boilers. This paper reviews NO x control

128

PHYSICS DEPARTMENT RULES EVERYONE MUST KNOW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PHYSICS DEPARTMENT RULES EVERYONE MUST KNOW - December 2012 PHYSICS DEPARTMENT RULES EVERYONE MUST KNOW - December 2012 All individuals performing work at BNL are required to obtain a guest or permanent appointment before beginning work. Radioactive materials, chemicals, and equipment may not be brought into the Department without prior notification. All Employees must take General Employee Training (GET), Stop Work Training, Emergency Planning and Response Training, Environmental Protection Training, Cyber Security Training, Security Program and Responsibilities for New Employees Training, and a Department Specific Briefing. All Guests and Visitors working at BNL must take the Guest Site Orientation, Cyber Security Training (if access to computer networks is required) and a Department Specific Briefing.

129

Rules of Engagment for Exercise Players  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Energy Washington, DC 20585 Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players Rules of engagement (ROE) provide for control of an exercise while allowing maximum free play in a tactical setting and enable evaluators to objectively monitor a participant's performance. Use of engagement simulation systems (ESSs) promotes realistic simulation of real-world response actions, which is vital to performance testing and evaluation. ROE govern the activities of all players (participants, controllers, and evaluators) throughout the exercise period, regardless of the organization, the identified training or evaluation objectives, or the particular scenario. ROE also apply to all personnel who participate in, support, observe, or control exercises. Only the Test

130

METHOD OF FIXING NITROGEN FOR PRODUCING OXIDES OF NITROGEN  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for fixing nitrogen from air by compressing the air, irradiating the compressed air in a nuclear reactor, cooling to remove NO/ sub 2/, compressing the cooled gas, further cooling to remove N/sub 2/O and recirculating the cooled compressed air to the reactor.

Harteck, P.; Dondes, S.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Extracting interesting association rules from toolbar data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Toolbar navigation logs provide rich data for enhancing information discovery on the Web. The value of this data resides in its scope, which goes beyond that of traditional query-mining data sources, such as search-engine logs. In this paper we present ... Keywords: association rules, toolbar data, web data mining

Ilaria Bordino; Debora Donato; Barbara Poblete

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Subcellular Localization Prediction through Boosting Association Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational methods for predicting protein subcellular localization have used various types of features, including N-terminal sorting signals, amino acid compositions, and text annotations from protein databases. Our approach does not use biological ... Keywords: Clustering classification and association rules, bioinformatics (genome or protein) databases, pattern recognition.

Yongwook Yoon; Gary Geunbae Lee

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Profiling risk sensibility through association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last recent years several approaches to risk assessment and risk management have been adopted to reduce the potential for specific risks in working environments. A safety culture has also developed to let workers acquire knowledge and understanding ... Keywords: Association rules, Frequent patterns, Risk perception, Risk propensity

Beatrice Lazzerini; Francesco Pistolesi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Oil ang gas: general rules and regulations  

SciTech Connect

Sixty-two rules and regulations on gas and oil cover items such as: drilling permits, location and access to wells, surface mining, stratigraphic and core tests, disposal and service of wells, underground gas storage, surface equipment of wells, oil measurements, production tests, oil and gas transportation, gas-oil ratio, pipeline connection, and drilling and production violations.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

New developments in FeynRules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The program FeynRules is a Mathematica package developed to facilitate the implementation of new physics theories into high-energy physics tools. Starting from a minimal set of information such as the model gauge symmetries, its particle content, parameters and Lagrangian, FeynRules provides all necessary routines to extract automatically from the Lagrangian (that can also be computed semi-automatically for supersymmetric theories) the associated Feynman rules. These can be further exported to several Monte Carlo event generators through dedicated interfaces, as well as translated into a Python library, under the so-called UFO model format, agnostic of the model complexity, especially in terms of Lorentz and/or color structures appearing in the vertices or of number of external legs. In this work, we briefly report on the most recent new features that have been added to FeynRules, including full support for spin-3/2 fermions, a new module allowing for the automated diagonalization of the particle spectrum and...

Alloul, Adam; Degrande, Celine; Duhr, Claude; Fuks, Benjamin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

New developments in FeynRules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The program FeynRules is a Mathematica package developed to facilitate the implementation of new physics theories into high-energy physics tools. Starting from a minimal set of information such as the model gauge symmetries, its particle content, parameters and Lagrangian, FeynRules provides all necessary routines to extract automatically from the Lagrangian (that can also be computed semi-automatically for supersymmetric theories) the associated Feynman rules. These can be further exported to several Monte Carlo event generators through dedicated interfaces, as well as translated into a Python library, under the so-called UFO model format, agnostic of the model complexity, especially in terms of Lorentz and/or color structures appearing in the vertices or of number of external legs. In this work, we briefly report on the most recent new features that have been added to FeynRules, including full support for spin-3/2 fermions, a new module allowing for the automated diagonalization of the particle spectrum and a new set of routines dedicated to decay width calculations.

Adam Alloul; Neil D. Christensen; Celine Degrande; Claude Duhr; Benjamin Fuks

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

Security rules versus Security properties Mathieu Jaume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security rules versus Security properties Mathieu Jaume SPI ­ LIP6 ­ University Pierre & Marie components of security policies can be expressed, and we identify their role in the de- scription of a policy, of a system and of a secure system. In this setting, we formally describe two approaches to define policies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Atmospheric Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production Of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2) by lightning flashes has been computed from a model of gaseous molecular reactions occurring as heated lightning-channel air cools by mixing with surrounding ambient air. The effect of ozone (O3) on ...

R. D. Hill; R. G. Rinker; H. Dale Wilson

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Nitrogen control of chloroplast differentiation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project is directed toward understanding how the availability of nitrogen affects the accumulation of chloroplast pigments and proteins functioning in energy transduction and carbon metabolism. Molecular analyses performed with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii grown in a continuous culture system such that ammonium concentration is maintained at a low steady-state concentration so as to limit cell division. As compared to chloroplasts from cells of non-limiting nitrogen provisions, chloroplasts of N-limited cells are profoundly chlorophyll-deficient but still assimilate carbon for deposition of as starch and as storage lipids. Chlorophyll deficiency arises by limiting accumulation of appropriate nuclear-encoded mRNAs of and by depressed rates of translation of chloroplast mRNAs for apoproteins of reaction centers. Chloroplast translational effects can be partially ascribed to diminished rates of chlorophyll biosynthesis in N-limited cells, but pigment levels are not determinants for expression of the nuclear light-harvesting protein genes. Consequently, other signals that are responsive to nitrogen availability mediate transcriptional or post-transcriptional processes for accumulation of the mRNAs for LHC apoproteins and other mRNAs whose abundance is dependent upon high nitrogen levels. Conversely, limited nitrogen availability promotes accumulation of other proteins involved in carbon metabolism and oxidative electron transport in chloroplasts. Hence, thylakoids of N-limited cells exhibit enhanced chlororespiratory activities wherein oxygen serves as the electron acceptor in a pathway that involves plastoquinone and other electron carrier proteins that remain to be thoroughly characterized. Ongoing and future studies are also outlined.

Schmidt, G.W.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Stanford Nitrogen Group | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford Nitrogen Group National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford University The Stanford Nitrogen Group developed a new wastewater treatment process for the removal and recovery of energy from waste nitrogen (i.e. ammonia). This process improves the efficiency and lowers the cost of nitrogen treatment. The process is termed the Coupled Aerobic-anoxic Nitrous Decomposition Operation (CANDO) and consists of 2 principal steps: biological conversion of ammonia to N2O gas, and combustion of a fuel (i.e. biogas) with N2O to recover energy. It's the first wastewater treatment process to recover energy from nitrogen. Wastewater treatment facilities experience dual financial pressures - rising energy costs and meeting increasingly stringent nitrogen discharge

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Stanford Nitrogen Group | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford Nitrogen Group National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford University The Stanford Nitrogen Group developed a new wastewater treatment process for the removal and recovery of energy from waste nitrogen (i.e. ammonia). This process improves the efficiency and lowers the cost of nitrogen treatment. The process is termed the Coupled Aerobic-anoxic Nitrous Decomposition Operation (CANDO) and consists of 2 principal steps: biological conversion of ammonia to N2O gas, and combustion of a fuel (i.e. biogas) with N2O to recover energy. It's the first wastewater treatment process to recover energy from nitrogen. Wastewater treatment facilities experience dual financial pressures - rising energy costs and meeting increasingly stringent nitrogen discharge

142

Nucleation and Characteristics of Liquid Nitrogen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes experiments on a refrigerating catalyst?liquid nitrogen (LN)?in different cloud chambers and their results. The nucleation threshold temperature of liquid nitrogen is 0C, and when the temperature less than ?2C, the ice ...

Cao Xuecheng; Wang Weimin

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Liquid Nitrogen Show!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulators! Insulators! Previous Video (Insulators!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Superconductors!) Superconductors! Liquid Nitrogen Show! All of your favorite liquid nitrogen experiments all in one place! Flowers! Balloons! Racquetballs! Nothing is safe! Just sit back, relax, and enjoy the show! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: Usually, every couple years, Jefferson Lab hosts an Open House. This is the one time the public and come and tour our accelerator and end stations. Steve: During the 2010 Open House, our cameraman snuck into one of the ongoing cryo shows that are held throughout the day. He missed half of it. So if you want to see the entire thing, check our website to see when the

144

10 cfr 851 final rule - Enforcement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

31 Federal Register 31 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 27 / Thursday, February 9, 2006 / Rules and Regulations mandates affecting small governments, so these requirements do not apply. I. Review Under Executive Order 13211 Executive Order 13211 (Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use), 66 FR 28355 (May 22, 2001) requires preparation and submission to OMB of a Statement of Energy Effects for significant regulatory actions under Executive Order 12866 that are likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. DOE has determined that the rule published today does not have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy and thus the requirement to prepare a Statement

145

2007 Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations Solar Decathlon Rules and Regulations Number of Pages Date of Last Revision Primary Documents Overview 7 pages February 16, 2007 Definitions 4 pages February 16, 2007 Competition Regulations 23 pages February 16, 2007 The Contests 2 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 1: Architecture 2 pages May 3, 2006 Drawings and Specifications Contest Activity Details 7 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 2: Engineering 2 pages February 16, 2007 Energy Analysis Contest Activity Details 3 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 3: Market Viability 2 pages February 16, 2007 Economic Analysis Contest Activity Details 6 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 4: Communications 2 pages February 16, 2007 Web Site Contest Activity Details 6 pages February 16, 2007 Contest 5: Comfort Zone

146

10 cfr 851 final rule - Enforcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 Federal Register 31 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 27 / Thursday, February 9, 2006 / Rules and Regulations mandates affecting small governments, so these requirements do not apply. I. Review Under Executive Order 13211 Executive Order 13211 (Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use), 66 FR 28355 (May 22, 2001) requires preparation and submission to OMB of a Statement of Energy Effects for significant regulatory actions under Executive Order 12866 that are likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. DOE has determined that the rule published today does not have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy and thus the requirement to prepare a Statement

147

UFO - The Universal FeynRules Output  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new model format for automatized matrix-element generators, the so- called Universal FeynRules Output (UFO). The format is universal in the sense that it features compatibility with more than one single generator and is designed to be flexible, modular and agnostic of any assumption such as the number of particles or the color and Lorentz structures appearing in the interaction vertices. Unlike other model formats where text files need to be parsed, the information on the model is encoded into a Python module that can easily be linked to other computer codes. We then describe an interface for the Mathematica package FeynRules that allows for an automatic output of models in the UFO format.

Degrande, Cline; Fuks, Benjamin; Grellscheid, David; Mattelaer, Olivier; Reiter, Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

UFO - The Universal FeynRules Output  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new model format for automatized matrix-element generators, the so- called Universal FeynRules Output (UFO). The format is universal in the sense that it features compatibility with more than one single generator and is designed to be flexible, modular and agnostic of any assumption such as the number of particles or the color and Lorentz structures appearing in the interaction vertices. Unlike other model formats where text files need to be parsed, the information on the model is encoded into a Python module that can easily be linked to other computer codes. We then describe an interface for the Mathematica package FeynRules that allows for an automatic output of models in the UFO format.

Cline Degrande; Claude Duhr; Benjamin Fuks; David Grellscheid; Olivier Mattelaer; Thomas Reiter

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

149

Archives and History Office: Rules Governing Use of Archives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources > Rules Rules Governing Use of Archives The purpose of the SLAC Archives and History Office is to preserve and maintain the historic, permanent, non-current records of...

150

DOE lead agency interim final and proposed rules - EEI comments...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

final and proposed rules - EEI comments 10-20-08.doc Consolidated Comments of the Edison Electric Institute ("EEI") on (1) DOE Interim Final Rule, RIN 1901-AB18, 73 Fed. Reg....

151

Conservation rules for entanglement transfer between qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an entangled but non-interacting qubit pair a_{1} and b_{1} that are independently coupled to a set of local qubit systems, a_{I} and b_{J}, of 0-bit value, respectively. We derive rules for the transfer of entanglement from the pair a_{1}-b_{1} to an arbitrary pair a_{I}-b_{J}, for the case of qubit-number conserving local interactions. It is shown that the transfer rule depends strongly on the initial entangled state. If the initial entanglement is in the form of the Bell state corresponding to anti-correlated qubits, the sum of the square of the non-local pairwise concurrences is conserved. If the initial state is the Bell state with correlated qubits, this sum can be reduced, even to zero in some cases, to reveal a complete and abrupt loss of all non-local pairwise entanglement. We also identify that for the nonlocal bipartitions A-b_{J} involving all qubits at one location, with one qubit b_{J} at the other location, the concurrences satisfies a simple addition rule for both cases of the Bell states, that the sum of the square of the nonlocal concurrences is conserved.

S. Chan; M. D. Reid; Z. Ficek

2008-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

152

Users to fight rule on wider gas surcharge  

SciTech Connect

Industrial users are seeking judicial, administrative, and legislative responses to a court ruling that applies the incremental-price surcharge on natural gas to non-boiler use. The ruling has an economic impact on firms using gas in processes, feedstocks, kilns, and furnaces because it places a heavier burden of decontrol on industry. Users have appealed to the Supreme Court to review the case, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission the ruling, and Congress to repeal the incremental-pricing rule. (DCK)

Betts, M.

1982-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

153

SEC Final Rule: Modernization of Oil and Gas Reporting  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulators to Update Rules for Oil and Gas Reserves Reporting, Business Wire Inc. (Feb. 9, 2005). 7.

154

Executive Director for Operations FINAL RULE ON DECOMMISSIONING TRUST PROVISIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To request Commission approval to publish in the Federal Register a final rule on decommissioning trust provisions. BACKGROUND: The staff submitted Proposed Rule on Decommissioning Trust Provisions, (SECY-01-0049) to the Commission on March 23, 2001. The Commission issued a staff requirements memorandum (SRM) on April 20, 2001, approving publication of the proposed rule. The proposed rule was published in the Federal Register on May 30, 2001 (66 FR 29244). The staff issued

William D. Travers; Brian Richter Nrr/drip/rprp

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Adaptive controller with fuzzy rules emulated structure and its applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the adaptive controller inspired by the neuro-fuzzy controller is proposed. Its structure, called fuzzy rules emulated network (FREN), is derived based on the fuzzy if-then rules. This structure not only emulates the fuzzy control rules ... Keywords: Direct adaptive control, Fuzzy control, Neuro-Fuzzy learning algorithm, Neuro-fuzzy control

C. Treesatayapun; S. Uatrongjit

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Simulating option prices and sensitivities by higher rank lattice rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce the intermediate rank or higher rank lattice rule for the general case when the number of quadrature points is ntm, where m is a composite integer, t is the rank of the rule, n is an integer ... Keywords: Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo methods, lattice rules, option pricing, simulation of multivariate integrations

Yongzeng Lai

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Designs of control charts with supplementary runs rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article studies the designs of the control charts with the supplementary runs rules (zone rules). It also investigates, compares and ranks 15 resultant control charts based on steady-state Average Run Length (ARL) that is evaluated by computer simulation. ... Keywords: Computer simulation, Control charts, Optimization design, Quality control, Runs rules

Sheng Zhang; Zhang Wu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Isolating untrusted software extensions by custom scoping rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a modern programming language, scoping rules determine the visibility of names in various regions of a program. In this work, we examine the idea of allowing an application developer to customize the scoping rules of its underlying language. We demonstrate ... Keywords: Access control, Custom scoping rules, Java, Language-based security, Name visibility control

Philip W. L. Fong; Simon Orr

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Weighted Association Rule Mining using weighted support and significance framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the issues of discovering significant binary relationships in transaction datasets in a weighted setting. Traditional model of association rule mining is adapted to handle weighted association rule mining problems where each item is allowed ... Keywords: WARM algorithm, Weighted Association Rule Mining, significant relationship, weighted downward closure property, weighted support

Feng Tao; Fionn Murtagh; Mohsen Farid

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Incentive Cost Recovery Rule for Nuclear Power Generation (Louisiana) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Incentive Cost Recovery Rule for Nuclear Power Generation (Louisiana) Incentive Cost Recovery Rule for Nuclear Power Generation (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Utility Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Fees Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission The Incentive Cost Recovery Rule for Nuclear Power Generation establishes guidelines for any utility seeking to develop a nuclear power plant in Louisiana. The rule clarifies, as well as supplements the Louisiana Public Service Commission's 1983 General Order for the acquisition of nuclear generation resources. The goal of the rule is to provide a transparent process that identifies the responsibilities parties in the regulatory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Identify Institutional

162

Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules for Sustainability Rules for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:45am Addthis It is important to analyze formal and informal workplace rules governing the behavior of individuals and organizations to meet a Federal agency's institutional change goals for sustainability. It is also important to determine how these rules actually affect people filling different roles in the organization, and how they mesh with the technologies, systems, and processes that constitute tools. Identify Formal and Informal Rules First, identify the formal and informal rules that shape current or desired behaviors. This includes checking the extent to which they align with one another in support of your agency's sustainability objectives. You may want

163

Rules and Regulations for Control of Ionizing Radiation (Arkansas) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations for Control of Ionizing Radiation (Arkansas) Rules and Regulations for Control of Ionizing Radiation (Arkansas) Rules and Regulations for Control of Ionizing Radiation (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Health The Rules and Regulations for Control of Ionizing Radiation are the Arkansas state laws made in accordance the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission Rules. Any contractor with the US DOE or US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is exempt from the state laws. This set of rules and regulations basically restates the federal policy to ensure that Arkansas is in compliance with the federal standards governing nuclear energy. Specifically the State rules are equivalent to Nuclear Regulatory

164

Nitrogen fixation method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O[sub 2]/cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N[sub 2]. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N[sub 2] at a much quicker rate than unexcited N[sub 2], greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed. 1 fig.

Chen, H.L.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Nitrogen fixation method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for achieving nitrogen fixation includes a volumetric electric discharge chamber. The volumetric discharge chamber provides an even distribution of an electron beam, and enables the chamber to be maintained at a controlled energy to pressure (E/p) ratio. An E/p ratio of from 5 to 15 kV/atm of O.sub.2 /cm promotes the formation of vibrationally excited N.sub.2. Atomic oxygen interacts with vibrationally excited N.sub.2 at a much quicker rate than unexcited N.sub.2, greatly improving the rate at which NO is formed.

Chen, Hao-Lin (Walnut Creek, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Stanford Nitrogen Group | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition » Stanford Nitrogen Group National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Stanford Nitrogen Group Stanford University The Stanford Nitrogen Group developed a new wastewater treatment process for the removal and recovery of energy from waste nitrogen (i.e. ammonia). This process improves the efficiency and lowers the cost of nitrogen treatment. The process is termed the Coupled Aerobic-anoxic Nitrous Decomposition Operation (CANDO) and consists of 2 principal steps: biological conversion of ammonia to N2O gas, and combustion of a fuel (i.e. biogas) with N2O to recover energy. It's the first wastewater treatment process to recover energy from nitrogen.

167

The Bevatron liquid nitrogen circulation system  

SciTech Connect

A nitrogen liquefier and computer controlled valving system have been added to the Bevatron cryoliner vacuum system to cut operating costs by reducing liquid nitrogen consumption. The computer and interface electronic systems, which control the temperatures of twenty-eight liquid nitrogen circuits, have been chosen and designed to operate in the Bevatron's pulsating magnetic field. The nitrogen exhaust is routed back to a liquefier, of about five kilowatt capacity, liquefied, and rerouted through the cooling circuits. A description of the system and operating results are presented.

Hunt, D.; Stover, G.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen ...  

Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers United States Patent. Patent Number: 8,152,988: Issued: April 10, 2012: Official Filing:

169

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN NITROGEN METABOLISM AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RG and JA Bassham, Photosynthesis by isolated chloroplasts.chloroplasts during photosynthesis. Plant Physiol ~0:22H-2?NITROGEN METABOLISM AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS James A. Bassham,

Bassham, James A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Rules of Conduct for Persons Entering Substations.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following is a field orientation guide for unescorted entry and performance of work not affecting the electrical operation of the BPA power system. For further information on the following, please refer to the Accident Prevention Manual. The mandatory rules herein express minimum requirements for dealing with the principal hazards inherent in our daily work activities. These and other written requirements, which neither can nor should provide complete coverage of all work situations, must be continually reinforced through the sound and mature safety judgments of each BPA and contractor worker on each assigned task. The administration shall provide employment free from or protected against recognized hazards that might cause physical harm or death. The work environment must comply with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Departmental, and electrical utility industry standards applicable to BPA operations and activities. Supervisors shall insure that all workers fully understand how to perform their work with safety to themselves and others. They shall impart to each person the understanding that violations of established safety practices and rules will not be tolerated. Supervisors shall plan and arrange their work in such a manner that each job will be accomplished with the least hazard to workers; other persons, including the public, and to property. They will advise all workers of any unusual hazards involved in their part of the work and of precautions to be observed.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources The Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations are the body of rules and regulations that relate to natural gas production in Arkansas. The statutory law is found Arkansas Code Annotated Title 15 chapter 72. Contained in this summary are the rules and regulations most relevant to

172

Code of Federal Regulations Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Code of Federal Regulations Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Code of Federal Regulations Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities Part II Code of Federal Regulations Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities Part II The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing procedural rules to be used in applying its substantive regulations and orders relating to nuclear safety. These procedural rules are intended to be an essential part of the framework through which DOE deals with its contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers to ensure its nuclear facilities are operated in a manner that protects public and worker safety and the environment. In particular, this part sets forth the procedures to implement the provisions of the Price- Anderson Amendments Act of 1988 (PAAA) which subjects DOE contractors to potential civil and criminal penalties for violations of DOE rules,

173

Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations Exceptions to DOE Rules and Regulations The Department of Energy (DOE) issues test procedures and regulations covering a number of products, but does provide for exceptions to these rules under certain circumstances. Any person, as defined by 10 CFR 1003.2, can apply to the DOE for an exception from a rule, regulation, or DOE action having the effect of a rule, as provided for in section 504 of 42 U.S.C. 7194 and codified in 10 CFR 1003 subpart B. The DOE Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) is responsible for issuing an order either granting or denying the application, in whole or in part, based upon a showing of serious hardship, gross inequity or unfair distribution of burdens, after considering the application and other

174

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal to Identify Context-Rules, Roles and Tools to Develop Action Plan to Implement Plan to Measure and Evaluate. Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle After determining your agency's institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they

175

American Transmission Company Comments - 216h Interim Final Rules |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Transmission Company Comments - 216h Interim Final Rules American Transmission Company Comments - 216h Interim Final Rules American Transmission Company Comments - 216h Interim Final Rules American Transmission Company LLC, by its corporate manager, ATC Management Inc. (collectively "ATCLLC") is pleased to have the opportunity to provide the following comments on the additional matters to be considered by DOE in connection with the Rules. Interim Final Rule Comments, RIN 1901-AB18 Coordination of Federal Authorizations for Electric Transmission Facilities More Documents & Publications Comments of the Staff of the public utilities commission of the state of California on the interim final rule Comments on Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Coordination of Federal Authorizations for Electric Transmission Facilities

176

nitrogen oxides | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

20 20 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142279720 Varnish cache server nitrogen oxides Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago)

177

INSENSITIVE HIGH-NITROGEN COMPOUNDS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conventional approach to developing energetic molecules is to chemically place one or more nitro groups onto a carbon skeleton, which is why the term ''nitration'' is synonymous to explosives preparation. The nitro group carries the oxygen that reacts with the skeletal carbon and hydrogen fuels, which in turn produces the heat and gaseous reaction products necessary for driving an explosive shock. These nitro-containing energetic molecules typically have heats of formation near zero and therefore most of the released energy is derived from the combustion process. Our investigation of the tetrazine, furazan and tetrazole ring systems has offered a different approach to explosives development, where a significant amount of the chemical potential energy is derived from their large positive heats of formation. Because these compounds often contain a large percentage of nitrogen atoms, they are usually regarded as high-nitrogen fuels or explosives. A general artifact of these high-nitrogen compounds is that they are less sensitive to initiation (e.g. by impact) when compared to traditional nitro-containing explosives of similar performances. Using the precursor, 3,6-bis-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-s-tetrazine, several useful energetic compounds based on the s-tetrazine system have been synthesized and studied. Some of the first compounds are 3,6-diamino-s-tetrazine-1,4-dioxide (LAX-112) and 3,6-dihydrazino-s-tetrazine (DHT). LAX-112 was once extensively studied as an insensitive explosive by Los Alamos; DHT is an example of a high-nitrogen explosive that relies entirely on its heat of formation for sustaining a detonation. Recent synthesis efforts have yielded an azo-s-tetrazine, 3,3'-azobis(6-amino-s-tetrazine) or DAAT, which has a very high positive heat of formation. The compounds, 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-azoxyfurazan (DAAF) and 4,4'-diamino-3,3'-azofurazan (DAAzF), may have important future roles in insensitive explosive applications. Neither DAAF nor DAAzF can be initiated by laboratory impact drop tests, yet both have in some aspects better explosive performances than 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene TATB--the standard of insensitive high explosives. The thermal stability of DAAzF is equal to that of hexanitrostilbene (HNS), yet it too is a better explosive performer. The recently discovered tetrazol derivative, 3,6-bis-(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-ylamino)-s-tetrazine (BTATz) was measured to have exceptional positive heats of formation and to be insensitive to explosive initiation. Because of its high burn rate with low sensitivity to pressure, this material is of great interest to the propellant community.

D. CHAVEZ; ET AL

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

NITROGEN K-SHELL PHOTOABSORPTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable atomic data have been computed for the spectral modeling of the nitrogen K lines, which may lead to useful astrophysical diagnostics. Data sets comprise valence and K-vacancy level energies, wavelengths, Einstein A-coefficients, radiative and Auger widths, and K-edge photoionization cross sections. An important issue is the lack of measurements that are usually employed to fine-tune calculations so as to attain spectroscopic accuracy. In order to estimate data quality, several atomic structure codes are used and extensive comparisons with previous theoretical data have been carried out. In the calculation of K photoabsorption with the Breit-Pauli R-matrix method, both radiation and Auger dampings, which cause the smearing of the K edge, are taken into account. This work is part of a wider project to compute atomic data in the X-ray regime to be included in the database of the popular XSTAR modeling code.

GarcIa, J. [Catholic University of America, IACS, Physics Department, Washington DC 20064 (United States); Kallman, T. R.; Witthoeft, M.; Behar, E. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mendoza, C. [Centro de Fisica, IVIC, Caracas 1020A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Palmeri, P.; Quinet, P. [Astrophysique et Spectroscopie, Universite de Mons, B-7000 Mons (Belgium); Bautista, M.A. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Klapisch, M. [ARTEP, Inc., Ellicott City, MD 21042 (United States)], E-mail: javier@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov, E-mail: michael.c.witthoeft@nasa.gov, E-mail: timothy.r.kallman@nasa.gov, E-mail: behar@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov, E-mail: claudio@ivic.ve, E-mail: palmeri@umons.ac.be, E-mail: quinet@umons.ac.be, E-mail: bautista@vt.edu, E-mail: marcel.klapisch.ctr@nrl.navy.mil

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agricultural Soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agricultural Soils Model Applications at Different Scales in Time Print: SLU Service/Repro, Uppsala 2012 #12;Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Agricultural Soils. Model Applications at Different Scales in Time and Space Abstract An understanding of soil organic carbon (C

180

Realistic Multi-Lane Traffic Rules for Cellular Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of lane changing rules for cellular automata simulating multi-lane traffic is proposed. It reproduces qualitatively that the passing lane becomes more crowded than the one for slower cars if the flux is high enough, which is true for motorways in countries like Germany where passing should be done on a specified lane as a rule. The rules have two parameters allowing to adjust the inversion point of the lane usage distribution and to calibrate the model.

Peter Wagner; Kai Nagel; Dietrich E. Wolf

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

PARS II Standard Operating Procedure Business Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 25, 2011 June 25, 2011 U.S. Department of Energy The PARS II Standard Operating Procedure is a "living document" and will be updated on an ongoing basis. Comments or suggestions are welcome and should be forwarded to the PARS II administrator at PARSIIsupportoecm@hq.doe.gov. Notes Comment Pages Comment Pages Index Screenshot Pages Introduction I-1 Generic Business Rules I-2 Select Project I-3 - I-5 Enter/Modify Project Information I-6 - I-15 Enter/Modify Contact Information I-16 - I-21 Creating a Project I-22 Enter CD0 Information I-23 - I-26 Enter CD1 Information I-27 - I-29 Enter CD2 Information I-30 - I-33 Enter CD3A Information I-34 - I-36 Enter CD3 Information I-37 - I-39 Enter CD4 Information I-40 - I-42 Enter Closeout Information I-43 - I-45 Enter BCP Information I-46 - I-50 Screenshot

182

Implementation of the hazardous debris rule  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous debris includes objects contaminated with hazardous waste. Examples of debris include tree stumps, timbers, boulders, tanks, piping, crushed drums, personal protective clothing, etc. Most of the hazardous debris encountered comes from Superfund sites and other facility remediation, although generators and treaters of hazardous waste also generate hazardous debris. Major problems associated with disposal of debris includes: Inappropriateness of many waste treatments to debris; Difficulties in obtaining representative samples; Costs associated with applying waste specific treatments to debris; Subtitle C landfill space was being used for many low hazard debris types. These factors brought about the need for debris treatment technologies and regulations that addressed these issues. The goal of such regulation was to provide treatment to destroy or remove the contamination if possible and, if this is achieved, to dispose of the cleaned debris as a nonhazardous waste. EPA has accomplished this goal through promulgation of the Hazardous Debris Rule, August 18, 1992.

Sailer, J.E.

1993-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

183

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Freezing Balloons!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Season Two Bloopers Season Two Bloopers Previous Video (Season Two Bloopers) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Instant Liquid Nitrogen Balloon Party!) Instant Liquid Nitrogen Balloon Party! Freezing Balloons! What happens when a balloon full of air is plunged into a container full of liquid nitrogen? Play the video to find out! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is a container of liquid nitrogen! Steve: And this is a really big balloon! Joanna: Let's see what happens when we place the balloon in the liquid nitrogen! Steve: Okay! Wait! Wait! Wait! Wait! Wait! Isn't the balloon going to pop? Joanna: We'll see! Steve: Aw, man... Huh. Okay, so the balloon didn't pop. But, there's

184

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Insulators!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Popping Film Canisters! Popping Film Canisters! Previous Video (Popping Film Canisters!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen Show!) Liquid Nitrogen Show! Insulators! Cups full of water are placed into bowls of liquid nitrogen! Which cup will insulate the best? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is a container of liquid nitrogen! Steve: And these are two plastic cups! Joanna: Let's see which cup is the better insulator! Steve: Okay! So, um, how do we do that? Joanna: Well, we'll pour water into each of the cups and then we'll pour the liquid nitrogen into each of the bowls. If we then place the cup in the bowl, the heat from the water will try to pass through the cup into the

185

Visualizing Individual Nitrogen Dopants in Monolayer Graphene  

SciTech Connect

In monolayer graphene, substitutional doping during growth can be used to alter its electronic properties. We used scanning tunneling microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x-ray spectroscopy, and first principles calculations to characterize individual nitrogen dopants in monolayer graphene grown on a copper substrate. Individual nitrogen atoms were incorporated as graphitic dopants, and a fraction of the extra electron on each nitrogen atom was delocalized into the graphene lattice. The electronic structure of nitrogen-doped graphene was strongly modified only within a few lattice spacings of the site of the nitrogen dopant. These findings show that chemical doping is a promising route to achieving high-quality graphene films with a large carrier concentration.

L Zhao; R He; K Rim; T Schiros; K Kim; H Zhou; C Gutierrez; S Chockalingam; C Arguello; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Active and passive rules for complex object databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ecution: the management of multiple rules activation, and the definition ... the database management systems allowing the definition of ... maintenance [2: 3].

187

Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) Chapter 52 Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 52, entitled Air Quality: Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet's Department for Environmental Protection. Chapter 52 outlines the permitting requirements for all air pollution sources within the state;

188

Solid Waste Management Rule (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rule (West Virginia) Rule (West Virginia) Solid Waste Management Rule (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting This rule establishes requirements for the siting, financial assurance, installation, establishment, construction, design, groundwater monitoring, modification, operation, permitting, closure and post-closure care of any

189

Rules Governing Water and Wastewater Operator Certification (Tennessee) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules Governing Water and Wastewater Operator Certification Rules Governing Water and Wastewater Operator Certification (Tennessee) Rules Governing Water and Wastewater Operator Certification (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Tennessee Department Of Environment and Conservation The Rules Governing Water and Wastewater Operator Certification are

190

NPDES Rule for Coal Mining Facilities (West Virginia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NPDES Rule for Coal Mining Facilities (West Virginia) NPDES Rule for Coal Mining Facilities (West Virginia) NPDES Rule for Coal Mining Facilities (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection This rule establishes requirements implementing the powers, duties, and responsibilities of State's Water Pollution Control Act with respect to all

191

Sewage Sludge Management Rule (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sewage Sludge Management Rule (West Virginia) Sewage Sludge Management Rule (West Virginia) Sewage Sludge Management Rule (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting This rule establishes requirements for the permitting siting, bonding, installation, establishment, construction, modification, and operation of any facility that generates, processes, recycles and/or disposes of sewage

192

Rules and Regulations Governing Leasing for Production or Extraction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leasing for Production or Extraction of Oil, Gas and Other Minerals From Onshore State-Owned Lands (Mississippi) Rules and Regulations Governing Leasing for Production or...

193

Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to Location, Design...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards Relating to Location, Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (Rhode Island) Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to...

194

Rules and Regulations for the Management and Control of Designated...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Rules and Regulations for the Management and Control of Designated Ground Water Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

195

Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

improve energy efficiency standards for commercial refrigeration equipment, such as restaurant-size fridges or the deli case at a convenience store. This proposed rule could, if...

196

Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum Products and Hazardous Materials (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum...

197

FEDERAL REGISTER - 10 CFR Part 820 Procedurals Rules for DOE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and orders relating to nuclear safety. These procedural rules are intended to be an essential part of the framework through which DOE deals with its contractors,...

198

Microsoft Word - DOE lead agency interim final and proposed rules...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

rule will encourage federal permitting agencies to engage constructively in the siting of essential transmission facilities. C. DOE Has Important New Responsibilities Under FPA...

199

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule for Carbon Dioxide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPA's Proposed Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule for Carbon Dioxide Injection and Geologic Sequestration Mark de Figueiredo U.S. Environmental Protection Agency RCSP Annual Review...

200

DOE Adopts Rules to Improve Energy Efficiency Enforcement | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

adopted final rules to improve the enforcement of DOE's efficiency requirements for appliances, lighting and other products. Overhauling the certification and enforcement process,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with Federal Energy Conservation Standards Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with...

202

Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply...

203

The pipeline OQ Rule: Perspectives, options, and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline Safety: Qualification of Pipeline Personnel Rule, commonly termed the Operator Qualification (OQ) Rule, became law on October 26, 1999. The rule requires operators to develop a qualification program for pipeline personnel. Personnel must demonstrate proficiency and be able to react to abnormal operating conditions. the intent is to reduce pipeline incidents caused by human error by ensuring that pipeline personnel are qualified. This paper describes different perspectives on the need for the rule, constraints to its implementation, and options and resources available to pipeline operators.

Lewis, B.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Christian Culture and Military Rule: Assimilation and its Limits during the First Decade of Japan's Colonial Rule in Korea, 1910-19  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Japan?s Colonial Rule in Korea, 1910-19 by Michael Isaacof Japan?s Colonial Rule in Korea, 1910-19 Copyright 2010 byof Japan?s Colonial Rule in Korea, 1910-19 By Michael Isaac

Shapiro, Michael Isaac

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Eighth international congress on nitrogen fixation. Final program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation held May 20--26, 1990 in Knoxville, Tennessee. The volume contains abstracts of individual presentations. Sessions were entitled Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Nitrogen Fixation, Plant-microbe Interactions, Limiting Factors of Nitrogen Fixation, Nitrogen Fixation and the Environment, Bacterial Systems, Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture and Industry, Plant Function, and Nitrogen Fixation and Evolution.

Not Available

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Eligibility Commercial...

207

On-site generated nitrogen cuts cost of underbalanced drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of on-site generated nitrogen, instead of liquid nitrogen, has reduced the cost of drilling underbalanced horizontal wells in Canada and the western US. Because nitrogen is inert and inflammable, it is the preferred gas for underbalanced drilling. Nitrogen can be supplied for oil field use by three different methods: cryogenic liquid separation, pressure swing adsorption, and hollow fiber membranes. The selection of nitrogen supply from one of these methods depends on the cost of delivered nitrogen, the required flow rates and pressure, the required nitrogen purity, and the availability and reliability of the equipment for nitrogen generation. These three methods are described, as well as the required equipment.

Downey, R.A. [Energy Ingenuity Co., Englewood, CO (United States)

1997-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

208

Detection of fuzzy association rules by fuzzy transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new method based on the use of fuzzy transforms for detecting coarse-grained association rules in the datasets. The fuzzy association rules are represented in the form of linguistic expressions and we introduce a pre-processing phase to ...

Ferdinando Di Martino; Salvatore Sessa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Decision Fusion Rules in Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Fusion Rules in Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks YING LIN BIAO CHEN, Member, IEEE PRAMOD K. VARSHNEY, Fellow, IEEE Syracuse University The decision fusion problem for a wireless sensor-aware decision fusion rules for resource-constrained WSNs where binary decisions from local sensors may need

Chen, Biao

210

On the Computational Complexity of Consumer Decision Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A consumer entering a new bookstore can face more than 250,000 alternatives. The efficiency of compensatory and noncompensatory decision rules for finding a preferred item depends on the efficiency of their associated information operators. At best, ... Keywords: computational complexity, decision rules, market organization

A. Norman; A. Ahmed; J. Chou; A. Dalal; K. Fortson; M. Jindal; C. Kurz; H. Lee; K. Payne; R. Rando; K. Sheppard; E. Sublett; J. Sussman; I. White

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Post-processing of associative classification rules using closed sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a classifier, besides classification capability, its size is another vital aspect. In pursuit of high performance, many classifiers do not take into consideration their sizes and contain numerous both essential and insignificant rules. This, however, ... Keywords: Classification, Closed set, Data mining, Post-processing, Rule pruning

Huawen Liu; Jigui Sun; Huijie Zhang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Parameterized formatting of an XML document by XSL rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibilities of formatting offered by database management systems (DBMS) are insufficient and do not allow emphasizing the various data results. It is the same for the usual browsing of an XML document without any particular rules of formatting. ... Keywords: DOM tree, XHTML document, XML document, XSL rules, XSLT, parameters of formatting

Madani Kenab; Tayeb Ould Braham; Pierre Bazex

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Rule-based programming for integrative biological modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems biology aims at integrating processes at various time and spatial scales into a single and coherent formal description to allow computer modeling. In this context, we focus on rule-based modeling and its integration in the domain-specific language ... Keywords: Domain-specific languages, Rule-based modeling, Spatial systems biology

Olivier Michel; Antoine Spicher; Jean-Louis Giavitto

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Discovering event correlation rules for semi-structured business processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe an algorithm to discover event correlation rules from arbitrary data sources. Correlation rules can be useful for determining relationships between events in order to isolate instances of a running business process for the purposes ... Keywords: complex event processing, correlation discovery. business process discovery, data mining, event analysis

Szabolcs Rozsnyai; Aleksander Slominski; Geetika T. Lakshmanan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Comminution employing liquid nitrogen pretreatments  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop a methodology that will lead to the establishment of an effective, efficient technique for ultrafine grinding of coal. We believe that the key to successful coal grinding is strongly dependent upon the change of the brittleness of coal under a freezing temperature pretreatment. Furthermore, a cryogenic grinding process may provide the basis for the development of advanced technologies involving the separation of the pyritic minerals from coal. Specific objectives of the program are to: determine the effect of low temperature pretreatments on the microfracture development along the coal/pyrite interface and on the fracture resistance (brittleness) of coal. Specifically, we intend to examine the effect of direct contact of coal with liquid nitrogen, dry ice, and dry-iced acetone. Also, we intend to study pyrite liberation as a result of these treatments; determine the fracture resistance of coal under different low temperature pretreatments; determine the relationships between the fracture resistance of coal and the effectiveness of a grinding process; determine the effect of the frozen coal grinding on the pyrite liberation; evaluate factors which might effect process design, scale-up, and economics; and make a first pass economic assessment of the process. 15 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Yen, S.C. (Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering and Mechanics); Hippo, E.J. (Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Energy Processes)

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Category:Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Rules, Regulations and Policies Types. Pages in category "Rules, Regulations & Policies Incentive Types" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. A Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards B Building Energy Codes E Energy Efficiency Resource Standard Energy Standards for Public Buildings Equipment Certification Requirements G Green Power Purchasing I Interconnection Standards L Line Extension Analysis M Mandatory Utility Green Power Option N Net Metering P Public Benefit Funds R Renewables Portfolio Standards S Solar and Wind Permitting Standards Solar/Wind Access Policy Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Rules,_Regulations_%26_Policies_Incentive_Types&oldid=390305

217

DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 64603) DOE amended its regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). These amendments incorporate changes primarily related to DOE's power marketing activities, based on DOE's experience in applying the current NEPA regulations. The revised regulations are intended to improve DOE's efficiency in implementing NEPA requirements by reducing costs and preparation time, while maintaining quality, consistent with the DOE Secretarial Policy Statement on NEPA issued in June 1994. 61 Fed Reg 64603: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule More Documents & Publications DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 36222)

218

Category:Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Program. Download All Rules, Regulation and Policies Incentive ProgramsCSV Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pages in category "Rules Regulations Policies Incentive Programs" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 793 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Alternative and Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (West Virginia) Alternative Energy in New State Construction (Texas) Alternative Energy Law (AEL) (Iowa) Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (Massachusetts) Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (Pennsylvania)

219

Natural Gas Rules (North Carolina) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules (North Carolina) Rules (North Carolina) Natural Gas Rules (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Utility Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Safety and Operational Guidelines Siting and Permitting Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission These rules apply to any gas utility operating within the State of North Carolina under the jurisdiction of the North Carolina Utilities Commission and also to interstate natural gas companies having pipeline facilities located in North Carolina insofar as safety is concerned. These rules are intended to promote safe and adequate service to the public, to provide standards for uniform and reasonable practices by utilities, and to establish a basis for determining the reasonableness of such demands as may

220

Electric Light and Power Rules (North Carolina) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Light and Power Rules (North Carolina) Electric Light and Power Rules (North Carolina) Electric Light and Power Rules (North Carolina) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider NC Utilities Commission These rules shall apply to any person, firm, or corporation (except municipalities, or agents thereof) which is now or may hereafter become engaged as a public utility in the business of furnishing electric current for domestic, commercial or industrial consumers within the State of North Carolina. The rules are intended to define good practice which can normally

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Purchased Gas Adjustment Rules (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Purchased Gas Adjustment Rules (Tennessee) Purchased Gas Adjustment Rules (Tennessee) Purchased Gas Adjustment Rules (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Tennessee Regulatory Authority The Purchased Gas Adjustment Rules are implemented by the Tennessee Regulatory Authority (Authority). Purchased Gas Adjustment (PGA) Rules are intended to permit the company/LDC (local gas distribution company regulated by the Authority) to recover, in timely fashion, the total cost of gas purchased for delivery to its customers and to assure that the Company does not over-collect or under-collect Gas Costs from its

222

Climate Wise Boiler and Steam Efficiency Wise Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Wise is an industrial energy efficiency program sponsored by the U.S. EPA, and supported by the U.S. DOE, working in partnership with more than 400 industrial companies. Many Climate Wise Partners are evaluating or implementing boiler and steam system efficiency measures and have requested assistance in quickly estimating the impacts of these projects through the Wise Line. Climate Wise has developed the Wise Rules for Industrial Efficiency (Wise Rules Tool Kit) to provide companies with simple rules of thumb, or Wise Rules, for estimating potential energy, cost, and greenhouse gas emissions savings from key industrial energy efficiency measures for a broad range of end uses, including boilers and steam systems. This paper presents excerpts from the Wise Rules Tool Kit on boiler and steam system efficiency measures.

Milmoe, P. H.; Winkelman, S. R.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A stochastic flow rule for granular materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been many attempts to derive continuum models for dense granular flow, but a general theory is still lacking. Here, we start with Mohr-Coulomb plasticity for quasi-2D granular materials to calculate (average) stresses and slip planes, but we propose a "stochastic flow rule" (SFR) to replace the principle of coaxiality in classical plasticity. The SFR takes into account two crucial features of granular materials - discreteness and randomness - via diffusing "spots" of local fluidization, which act as carriers of plasticity. We postulate that spots perform random walks biased along slip-lines with a drift direction determined by the stress imbalance upon a local switch from static to dynamic friction. In the continuum limit (based on a Fokker-Planck equation for the spot concentration), this simple model is able to predict a variety of granular flow profiles in flat-bottom silos, annular Couette cells, flowing heaps, and plate-dragging experiments -- with essentially no fitting parameters -- although it is only expected to function where material is at incipient failure and slip-lines are inadmissible. For special cases of admissible slip-lines, such as plate dragging under a heavy load or flow down an inclined plane, we postulate a transition to rate-dependent Bagnold rheology, where flow occurs by sliding shear planes. With different yield criteria, the SFR provides a general framework for multiscale modeling of plasticity in amorphous materials, cycling between continuum limit-state stress calculations, meso-scale spot random walks, and microscopic particle relaxation.

Ken Kamrin; Martin Z. Bazant

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

224

The New Rules for Purchasing Electric Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"The creation of new rules for purchasing electric power is largely an outgrowth of several recent developments affecting the electric utility business: -deregulation has created a competitive business -demand side management has grown in stature to rival supply side challenges -power rates have become marketing tools These developments affect the industrial sector more than others, largely because of its size and electricity consumption per customer. Industry today sees these changes manifested in a variety of ways, several of which represent alternative power costs. These include: -conventional published tariffs -negotiated rates -utility incentive programs -cogeneration A key conclusion that may be drawn from these trends in that traditional barriers between utilities and industries are breaking down. Utilities are becoming increasingly marketing-oriented rather than sales-driven. Interestingly, the choices available can yield economic benefits on both sides of the meter. This is particularly evident in electric-intensive industries, such as chlor-alkali production or air separation. This paper reviews efforts by selected utilities to work jointly with their industrial customers in simultaneously addressing utility load shaping objectives and industry demands relative to quality of service and cost. Air separation and plastics fabrication are highlighted as two very different kinds of industries that have been addressed by utility-sponsored programs to date."

Stern, K.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Nitrogen oxide delivery systems for biological media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elevated levels of nitric oxide (NO) in vivo are associated with a variety of cellular modifications thought to be mutagenic or carcinogenic. These processes are likely mediated by reactive nitrogen species (RNS) such as ...

Skinn, Brian Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Nitrogen Removal From Low Quality Natural Gas  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas provides more than one-fifth of all the primary energy used in the United States. It is especially important in the residential sector, where it supplies nearly half of all the energy consumed in U.S. homes. However, significant quantities of natural gas cannot be produced economically because its quality is too low to enter the pipeline transportation system without some type of processing, other than dehydration, to remove the undesired gas fraction. Such low-quality natural gas (LQNG) contains significant concentration or quantities of gas other than methane. These non- hydrocarbons are predominantly nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide, but may also include other gaseous components. The nitrogen concentrations usually exceeds 4%. Nitrogen rejection is presently an expensive operation which can present uneconomic scenarios in the potential development of natural gas fields containing high nitrogen concentrations. The most reliable and widely used process for nitrogen rejection from natural gas consists of liquefying the feed stream using temperatures in the order of - 300{degrees}F and separating the nitrogen via fractionation. In order to reduce the gas temperature to this level, the gas is compressed, cooled by mullet-stream heat exchangers, and expanded to low pressure. Significant energy for compression and expensive materials of construction are required. Water and carbon dioxide concentrations must be reduced to levels required to prevent freezing. SRI`s proposed research involves screening new nitrogen selective absorbents and developing a more cost effective nitrogen removal process from natural gas using those compounds. The long-term objective of this project is to determine the technical and economical feasibility of a N{sub 2}2 removal concept based on complexation of molecular N{sub 2} with novel complexing agents. Successful development of a selective, reversible, and stable reagent with an appropriate combination of capacity and N{sub 2} absorption/desorption characteristics will allow selective separation of N{sub 2} from LQNG.

Alvarado, D.B.; Asaro, M.F.; Bomben, J.L.; Damle, A.S.; Bhown, A.S.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Weighting versus pruning in rule validation for detecting network and host anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For intrusion detection, the LERAD algorithm learns a succinct set of comprehensible rules for detecting anomalies, which could be novel attacks. LERAD validates the learned rules on a separate held-out validation set and removes rules that cause ... Keywords: anomaly detection, machine learning, rule pruning, rule weighting

Gaurav Tandon; Philip K. Chan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A toolbox for calculating net anthropogenic nitrogen inputs (NANI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ''Net Anthropogenic Nitrogen Input'' (NANI) to a region represents an estimate of anthropogenic net nitrogen (N) fluxes across its boundaries, and is thus a measure of the effect of human activity on the regional nitrogen cycle. NANI accounts for ... Keywords: Anthropogenic, Nitrogen, Synthesis, Toolbox, Watershed

Bongghi Hong; Dennis P. Swaney; Robert W. Howarth

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Stormwater Management Rules (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules (New Jersey) Rules (New Jersey) Stormwater Management Rules (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection This chapter establishes general requirements for stormwater management

230

Rules and Regulations for Governing the Administration and Enforcement of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations for Governing the Administration and Rules and Regulations for Governing the Administration and Enforcement of the Fresh Water Wetlands Act (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations for Governing the Administration and Enforcement of the Fresh Water Wetlands Act (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Managemenet

231

Dam Safety Rules (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Rules (West Virginia) Safety Rules (West Virginia) Dam Safety Rules (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Department of Environmental Protection This establishes requirements relating to the design, placement, construction, enlargement, alteration, removal, abandonment, and repair of

232

Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to Location, Design,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to Location, Design, Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to Location, Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (Rhode Island) Rules Establishing Minimum Standards Relating to Location, Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations

233

The Born Rule in Quantum and Classical Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable effort has been devoted to deriving the Born rule (e.g. that $|\\psi(x)|^2 dx$ is the probability of finding a system, described by $\\psi$, between $x$ and $x + dx$) in quantum mechanics. Here we show that the Born rule is not solely quantum mechanical; rather, it arises naturally in the Hilbert space formulation of {\\it classical} mechanics as well. These results provide new insights into the nature of the Born rule, and impact on its understanding in the framework of quantum mechanics.

Paul Brumer; Jiangbin Gong

2006-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

234

Unpacking Municipal Home Rule: Can California Regionalists and Locals Talk to One Another?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. 1933. Law and Practice of Home Rule, 1916-1930. ColumbiaMcKenzie, Chris. 2000. What Home Rule Means to Me. WesternLondon. Unpacking Municipal Home Rule, Silva Jenkins,

Silva, Enrique R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

DOE Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions DOE Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions December 3, 2010 - 6:31pm Addthis The Department of Energy published a final rule establishing procedures under which a former employee of the executive branch may obtain approval to make communications to DOE solely for the purpose of furnishing scientific or technological information during the period the former employee is subject to post-employment restrictions set forth in 18 U.S.C. 207(a), (c), and (d). The post-employment restrictions for Federal employees are set forth in 18 U.S.C § 207 and prohibit former employees from engaging in certain activities on behalf of persons or entities other than the United States, regardless of compensation. Section 207(j)(5),

236

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, Seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other Than State-Owned Marine Waters (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Development Authority The Rules and Regulations Governing Geophysical, seismic or Other Type Exploration on State-Owned Lands Other than State-Owned Marine Waters is applicable to the Natural Gas Sector and the Coal with CCS Sector. This law

237

Microsoft Word - DOE Trade Secrets Rule Summary v 2.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trade Secrets Rule Summary Trade Secrets Rule Summary The Rule The new rule will establish certain marking requirements for the submission of trade secrets and other commercial or financial information that is privileged or confidential. 1 It will: * Require applicants for DOE assistance to include a notice on the application cover sheet that the document may contain trade secrets or other confidential business information, identifying the pages on which such information is located. * Require similar marking for each page containing such information, as well as marking of the specific information the applicant believes to be exempt from disclosure under FOIA. * Allow a modified method of identifying such information in application documents submitted through an online system (e.g., www.grants.gov).

238

Rule of Tennessee Department of Conservation Division of Surface Mining  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rule of Tennessee Department of Conservation Division of Surface Rule of Tennessee Department of Conservation Division of Surface Mining (Tennessee) Rule of Tennessee Department of Conservation Division of Surface Mining (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Retail Supplier Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Tennessee Department Of Environment and Conservation The Division of Surface Mining, under the authority of the Department of Environment and Conservation, has established rules specific to the mining of coal. All coal mining operations must first obtain a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permit (NPEDS) from the Division of Water Pollution Control (WPC). In addition they must obtain a state mining Surface Mining Permit from the Division of Water Pollution Control, Mining

239

DOE Withdraws Interpretive Rule and Provides Enforcement Guidance on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interpretive Rule and Provides Enforcement Guidance Interpretive Rule and Provides Enforcement Guidance on Showerheads DOE Withdraws Interpretive Rule and Provides Enforcement Guidance on Showerheads March 4, 2011 - 5:27pm Addthis The Department has withdrawn as unwarranted the draft interpretative rule setting out the Department's views on the definition of a "showerhead" for purposes of the water conservation standard enacted by Congress in 1992. To provide certainty going forward, however, the Department today provides a brief enforcement guidance, which balances the Department's obligation to enforce the congressional standard with its determination to avoid needless economic dislocation. The guidance, available here, explains how the Department intends to enforce the 1992 law and provides manufacturers a

240

Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule The Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its primary standards for occupational radiation protection. This final rule is the culmination of a systematic analysis to identify the elements of a comprehensive radiation protection program and determine those elements of such a program that should be codified as DOE continues its transition from a system of contractually-based nuclear safety standards to regulatory based requirements. Code of Federal Regulations Occupational Radiation Protection; Final Rule More Documents & Publications Code of Federal Regulations PART 835-OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION Order Module--NNSA OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Department of Energy Adopts Rules to Protect Consumer Privacy | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Adopts Rules to Protect Consumer Privacy Department of Energy Adopts Rules to Protect Consumer Privacy Department of Energy Adopts Rules to Protect Consumer Privacy March 15, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis The Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) enables states to provide financial assistance to qualifying consumers who want to improve the energy-efficiency of their homes. In response to concerns about the potential disclosure by the States of personal information they collect from WAP applicants, the Department has issued an interim final rule that requires states to apply the standards of the Freedom of Information Act that protect the privacy of potentially sensitive personal information. These protections will ensure a consistent and balanced approach towards the twin goals of consumer privacy and government transparency. The entire

242

DOE Issues Final Appliance Test Procedure Rule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance Test Procedure Rule Appliance Test Procedure Rule DOE Issues Final Appliance Test Procedure Rule December 8, 2006 - 9:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced a final rule establishing new test procedures and related definitions to determine the energy efficiency of certain residential appliances and commercial equipment. The rulemaking clarifies and codifies the test procedures mandated by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005. "These new test procedures are the foundation for standards that will help bring more energy efficient options to the marketplace and result in energy savings for all Americans," said DOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner. The final rulemaking, which appears in today's Federal Register, will

243

Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey) Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey) Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection The Coastal Permit Program Rules provide the processes for permit reviews.

244

DOE Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options DOE Assistance on EPA MATS Rule and CSAPR Implementation Options The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is offering technical assistance to state public utility commissioners, generation owner/operators, and utilities on implementing the new and pending EPA air rules affecting the electric utility industry. Examples of typical assistance include technical information on cost and performance of the various power plant pollution retrofit control technologies; technical information on generation, demand-side or transmission alternatives for any replacement power needed for retiring generating units; and assistance to public utility commissions regarding any regulatory evaluations or approvals they may have

245

Groundwater Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations (West Virginia) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations (West Virginia) Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations (West Virginia) Groundwater Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Institutional Nonprofit Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection These rules establish a series of practices for the protection of groundwater which are to be followed by any person who conducts coal mining operations subject to the provisions of West Virginia Groundwater Protection Act and subject to regulation under the West Virginia Coal Mining and Reclamation Act and/or under West Virginia Water Pollution

246

Back and forth between rules and SE-models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rules in logic programming encode information about mutual interdependencies between literals that is not captured by any of the commonly used semantics. This information becomes essential as soon as a program needs to be modified or further manipulated. ...

Martin Slota; Joo Leite

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

DOE Strengthens Rules Governing Worker Safety | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rule), is posted on the Office of Environment, Safety and Health website at: http:www.hss.energy.govhealthsafetywshprulemaking. Media contact(s): Mike Waldron, 202-586-4940...

248

Quark mixing sum rules and the right unitarity triangle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In analogy with the recently proposed lepton mixing sum rules, we derive quark mixing sum rules for the case of hierarchical quark mass matrices with 1-3 texture zeros, in which the separate up and down type 1-3 mixing angles are approximately zero, and $V_{ub}$ is generated from $V_{cb}$ as a result of 1-2 up type quark mixing. Using the sum rules, we discuss the phenomenological viability of such textures, including up to four texture zeros, and show how the right-angled unitarity triangle, i.e., $\\alpha \\approx 90^\\circ$, can be accounted for by a remarkably simple scheme involving real mass matrices apart from a single element being purely imaginary. In the framework of grand unified theories we show how the quark and lepton mixing sum rules may combine to yield an accurate prediction for the reactor angle.

Antusch, Stefan; Malinsky, Michal; Spinrath, Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Quark mixing sum rules and the right unitarity triangle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In analogy with the recently proposed lepton mixing sum rules, we derive quark mixing sum rules for the case of hierarchical quark mass matrices with 1-3 texture zeros, in which the separate up and down type 1-3 mixing angles are approximately zero, and $V_{ub}$ is generated from $V_{cb}$ as a result of 1-2 up type quark mixing. Using the sum rules, we discuss the phenomenological viability of such textures, including up to four texture zeros, and show how the right-angled unitarity triangle, i.e., $\\alpha \\approx 90^\\circ$, can be accounted for by a remarkably simple scheme involving real mass matrices apart from a single element being purely imaginary. In the framework of grand unified theories we show how the quark and lepton mixing sum rules may combine to yield an accurate prediction for the reactor angle.

Stefan Antusch; Stephen F. King; Michal Malinsky; Martin Spinrath

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

251

Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...

252

SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Intramural Dodgeball Rules and Glossary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECREATION 01/15/13 SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Intramural Dodgeball Rules and Glossary **All credit players, forfeiting a team, and forfeiting a contest. Section 3: Glossary · Dead ball: A ball that hits

253

Physics 4, 55 (2011) Questioning the rules of the game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physics to build lasers, microchips, and nuclear power plants, but when students question the rules to calculate wave functions and energy levels, principles-based reconstructions of quan- tum theory attempt

Verstraete, Frank

254

Parameterization of Atmospheric Radiative Transfer. Part II: Selection Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes simple, computationally efficient methods of calculating 2-stream broadband fluxes and heating rates in the shortwave and longwave for multilayered media. The method, herein referred to as selection rules, is used in ...

Philip M. Gabriel; Philip T. Partain; Graeme L. Stephens

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 43  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy use related to buildings is 3 percent of all emissions, but most of this is from wood burning in residential buildings, which should not be impacted by these rules. 0.7%...

256

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published in the Federal Register on July 9,...

257

Rules and Regulations for Dam Safety (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These rules and regulations seek to provide for the safety of dams to protect the public, real property, and natural resources by establishing reasonable standards and creating a public record for...

258

On certain sum rules for the hydrogen atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that some sum rules for the hydrogen atom derived recently are incorrect because the authors did not take into account the continuous part of the spectrum in the sum over intermediate states.

Francisco M. Fernndez

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

259

Separating Signal From Background Using Ensembles of Rules  

SciTech Connect

Machine learning has emerged as a important tool for separating signal events from associated background in high energy particle physics experiments. This paper describes a new machine learning method based on ensembles of rules. Each rule consists of a conjuction of a small number of simple statements (''cuts'') concerning the values of individual input variables. These rule ensembles produce predictive accuracy comparable to the best methods. However their principal advantage lies in interpretation. Because of its simple form, each rule is easy to understand, as is its influence on the predictive model. Similarly, the degree of relevance of each of the respective input variables can be assessed. Graphical representations are presented that can be used to ascertain the dependence of the model jointly on the variables used for prediction.

Friedman, J.H.; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Speaker(s): Kate O'Neill Date: September 20, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modeling ground soldier situational awareness for constructive simulation with rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior models that control simulated warfighters in most modeling and simulation (M&S) efforts are fairly simple, relying predominantly on behavior scripting and simple rules to produce actions. As a result, the simulated entities do not reflect ...

Scott Neal Reilly; James Niehaus; Peter Weyhrauch

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

DOE Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions DOE Publishes Final Rule Regarding Post-Employment Restrictions December 3, 2010 - 6:31pm Addthis The Department of Energy published a final rule establishing procedures under which a former employee of the executive branch may obtain approval to make communications to DOE solely for the purpose of furnishing scientific or technological information during the period the former employee is subject to post-employment restrictions set forth in 18 U.S.C. 207(a), (c), and (d). The post-employment restrictions for Federal employees are set forth in 18 U.S.C § 207 and prohibit former employees from engaging in certain activities on behalf of persons or entities other than the United States, regardless of compensation. Section 207(j)(5),

263

Ruling on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Tax Rate Sparks Debate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

IRS Ruling IRS Ruling On August 7, 1995, the Federal Register reported the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ruling that liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a liquid fuel and will thus be taxed as a "special motor fuel," effective October 1, 1995. This definition covers all liquids that substitute for gasoline and diesel. The ruling refuted the claim of petitioners, such as the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Coalition, that LNG is the same as compressed natural gas (CNG) and should be taxed at the equivalent excise tax rate. The IRS also rejected the Coalition's proposal that the NGV tax rate be expressed as gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) rather than in thousand cubic feet (mcf) as provided in the Internal Revenue Code, but stated that no restrictions exist on taxpayers engaged in fuel sales based on

264

Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule:...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise...

265

The sizing rules method for analog integrated circuit design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the sizing rules method for analog CMOS circuit design that consists of: first, the development of a hierarchical library of transistor pair groups as basic building blocks for analog CMOS circuits; second, the derivation of ...

H. Graeb; S. Zizala; J. Eckmueller; K. Antreich

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

QCD sum rule for nucleon in nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the two-point function of nucleon current in nuclear matter and write a QCD sum rule to analyse the residue of the nucleon pole as a function of nuclear density. The nucleon self-energy needed for the sum rule is taken as input from calculations using phenomenological NN potential. Our result shows a decrease in the residue with increasing nuclear density, as is known to be the case with similar quantities.

S. Mallik; Sourav Sarkar

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Rule-Based Framework for Gene Regulation Pathways Discovery  

SciTech Connect

We present novel approach to discover the rules that govern gene regulation mechanisms. The method is based on supervised machine learning and is designed to reveal relationships between transcription factors and gene promoters. As the representation of the gene regulatory circuit we have chosen a special form of IF-THEN rules associating certain features (a generalized idea of a Transcription Factor Binding Site) in gene promoters with specific gene expression profiles.

Wilczynski, B; Hvidsten, T; Kryshtafovych, A; Stubbs, L; Komorowski, J; Fidelis, K

2003-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

EPRI Comments on Proposed Effluent Limitations Guidelines Rule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On September 20, 2013, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) submitted comments to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on its proposed Effluent Guidelines rule.[1] The proposed rule aims to reduce the amount of toxic metals and other constituents discharged to surface waters from power plants. EPRIs comments to EPA address fundamental scientific and technical questions about the cost-effectiveness of proposed flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater treatment, the ...

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

Charm and bottom hadronic form factors with QCD sum rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a brief review of some calculations of form factors and coupling constants in vertices with charm and bottom mesons in the framework of QCD sum rules. We first discuss the motivation for this work, describing possible applications of these form factors to charm and bottom decays processes. We first make a summarize of the QCD sum rules method. We give special attention to the uncertainties of the method introducing by the intrinsic variation of the parameters. Finally we conclude.

Bracco, M. E. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rod. Presidente Dutra Km 298, Polo Industrial, 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil); Rodrigues, B. O.; Cerqueira, A. Jr. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

270

Nonexistence of Voting Rules That Are Usually Hard to Manipulate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... problem for multiagent systems, and one general method for doing so is to vote over the alternatives (candidates). Unfortunately, the Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem shows that when there are three or more candidates, all reasonable voting rules are manipulable (in the sense that there exist situations in which a voter would benefit from reporting its preferences insincerely). To circumvent this impossibility result, recent research has investigated whether it is possible to make finding a beneficial manipulation computationally hard. This approach has had some limited success, exhibiting rules under which the problem of finding a beneficial manipulation is NP- hard, #P-hard, or even PSPACE-hard. Thus, under these rules, it is unlikely that a computationally efficient algorithm can be constructed that always finds a beneficial manipulation (when it exists). However, this still does not preclude the existence of an efficient algorithm that often finds a successful manipulation (when it exists). There have been attempts to design a rule under which finding a beneficial manipulation is usually hard, but they have failed. To explain this failure, in this paper, we show that it is in fact impossible to design such a rule, if the rule is also required to satisfy another property: a large fraction of the manipulable instances are both weakly monotone, and allow the manipulators to make either of exactly two candidates win. We argue why one should expect voting rules to have this property, and show experimentally that common voting rules clearly satisfy it. We also discuss approaches for potentially circumventing this impossibility result.

Vincent Conitzer; Tuomas Sandholm

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Nitrogen control of chloroplast development and differentiation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The growth and development of plants and photosynthetic microorganisms is commonly limited by the availability of nitrogen. Our work concerns understanding the mechanisms by which plants and algae that are subjected to nitrogen deprivation alter the composition of photosynthetic membranes and enzymes involved in photosynthetic carbon metabolism. Toward these ends, we study biosynthetic and gene expression processes in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii which is grown in an ammonium-limited continuous culture system. We have found that the expression of nuclear genes, including those encoding for light-harvesting proteins, are severely repressed in nitrogen-limited cells whereas, in general, chloroplast protein synthesis is attenuated primarily at the level of mRNA translation. Conversely, nitrogen deprivation appears to lead to enhanced synthesis of enzymes that are involved in starch and storage lipid deposition. In addition, as a possible means by which photosynthetic electron transport activities and ATP synthesis is sustained during chronic periods of nitrogen deprivation, thylakoid membranes become enriched with components for chlororespiration. Characterization of the chlororespiratory electron transport constituents, including cytochrome complexes and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase is a major current effort. Also, we are striving to isolate the genes encoding chlororespiration proteins toward determining how they and others that are strongly responsive to nutrient availability are regulated.

Schmidt, G.W.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Dry Ice vs. Liquid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Previous Video (Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water!) Liquid Nitrogen Cooled Dry Ice in Water! Dry Ice vs. Liquid Nitrogen! Dry ice is cold. Liquid nitrogen is cold, too. What happens when the two are mixed together? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: Have you ever wondered what happens when you mix dry ice and liquid nitrogen? Steve: Well, we just happen to have a chunk of dry ice left over from when we filmed 'How to Make a Cloud Chamber,' and here at Jefferson Lab, liquid nitrogen flows like water, so we're going to find out!

273

Nitrogen heat pipe for cryocooler thermal shunt  

SciTech Connect

A nitrogen heat pipe was designed, built and tested for the purpose of providing a thermal shunt between the two stages of a Gifford-McMahan (GM) cryocooler during cooldown. The nitrogen heat pipe has an operating temperature range between 63 and 123 K. While the heat pipe is in the temperature range during the system cooldown, it acts as a thermal shunt between the first and second stage of the cryocooler. The heat pipe increases the heat transfer to the first stage of the cryocooler, thereby reducing the cooldown time of the system. When the heat pipe temperature drops below the triple point, the nitrogen working fluid freezes, effectively stopping the heat pipe operation. A small heat leak between cryocooler stages remains because of axial conduction along the heat pipe wall. As long as the heat pipe remains below 63 K, the heat pipe remains inactive. Heat pipe performance limits were measured and the optimum fluid charge was determined.

Prenger, F.C.; Hill, D.D.; Daney, D.E.; Daugherty, M.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Green, G.F.; Roth, E.W. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Annapolis, MD (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Federal Air Emissions Regulations (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In 2005, the EPA finalized two regulations, CAIR and CAMR, that would reduce emissions from coal-fired power plants in the United States. Both CAIR and CAMR are included in the AEO2006 reference case. The EPA has received 11 petitions for reconsideration of CAIR and has provided an opportunity for public comment on reconsidering certain aspects of CAIR. Public comments were accepted until January 13, 2006. The EPA has also received 14 petitions for reconsideration of CAMR and is willing to reconsider certain aspects of the rule. Public comments were accepted for 45 days after publication of the reconsideration notice in the Federal Register. Several States and organizations have filed lawsuits against CAMR. The ultimate decision of the courts will have a significant impact on the implementation of CAMR.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results from the separation and characterization of nitrogen compound types in hydrotreated Paraho shale oil samples were obtained. Two samples of Paraho shale oil were hydrotreated by Chevron Research Company such that one sample contained about 0.05 wt. percent nitrogen and the other sample contained about 0.10 wt. percent nitrogen. A separation method concentrate specific nitrogen compound types was developed. Characterization of the nitrogen types was accomplished by infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, potentiometric titration, and elemental analysis. The distribution of nitrogen compound types in both samples and in the Paraho crude shale oil is compared.

Holmes, S.A.; Latham, D.R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Microsoft Word - Table of Contents.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, Thomas J. Feeley, III 1 , James Murphy 2 , and Lindsay Green 2 1. U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory 2. Science Applications International Corporation INTRODUCTION The environmental performance of the United States' fleet of coal-fired boilers has steadily improved since passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxide (NOx), particulate matter (PM) have been significantly reduced. However, further restrictions on emissions from power plants have been proposed in response to issues such as mercury, acid rain, ground-level ozone, nitrification of aquatic ecosystems, ambient fine particulate matter, and visibility impairment (regional haze). For example, the EPA's recently proposed Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) is intended to significantly reduce

277

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2012 April 2012 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383ER(2012) Acronyms List of Acronyms AB 32 Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 LDVs Light-duty vehicles AEO Annual Energy Outlook LFMM Liquid Fuel Market Module AEO20011 Annual Energy Outlook 2011 LNG Liquefied natural gas AEO2012 Annual Energy Outlook 2012 MACT Maximum achievable control technology bpd barrels per day MATS Mercury and Air Toxics Standards Btu British thermal units mpg miles per gallon CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy NGL National gas liquids CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration CHP Combined heat and power NOx Nitrogen oxides CO2 Carbon dioxide OCS Outer Continental Shelf CTL Coal-to-liquids OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

278

Modelling nitrogen leaching from overlapping urine patches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urine depositions have been shown to be the main source of N leaching from grazing systems and thus it is important to consider them in simulation models. The inclusion of urine patches considerably increases the complexity of the model and this can ... Keywords: APSIM, Grazing system, Heterogeneity, Leaching, Nitrogen, Simulation modelling, Urine patches

R. Cichota; V. O. Snow; I. Vogeler

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Estimating Energy Efficiency Impacts Using Climate Wise "Wise Rules"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Wise is an industrial energy efficiency program sponsored by the U.S. EPA, and supported by the U.S. DOE, working in partnership with more than 400 industrial companies, representing approximately than 11 percent of U.S. industrial energy use. Climate Wise provides technical assistance in the form of efficiency check-lists, handbooks, and one-on-one support through a toll-free Wise Line to help partners identify efficiency measures and quantify project impacts. Climate Wise has developed the Wise Rules for Industrial Efficiency (Wise Rules Tool Kit) to provide partners with ''Wise Rules" for estimating potential energy, cost, and greenhouse gas emissions savings from key industrial energy efficiency measures. The Tool Kit includes information on the following end-uses: boilers, steam systems, furnaces, process heating, waste heat recovery, cogeneration, compressed air systems, and process cooling. This paper provides an overview of the Wise Rules Tool Kit and presents excerpts from the document and sample Wise Rules.

Milmoe, P. H.; Winkelman, S. R.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Multi objective association rule mining with genetic algorithm without specifying minimum support and minimum confidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi objective processing can be leveraged for mining the association rules. This paper discusses the application of multi objective genetic algorithm to association rule mining. We focus our attention especially on association rule mining. This paper ... Keywords: Association rule mining, Data mining, Genetic algorithm, Multi objective

Hamid Reza Qodmanan; Mahdi Nasiri; Behrouz Minaei-Bidgoli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Multi-confidence rule acquisition oriented attribute reduction of covering decision systems via combinatorial optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rule acquisition is one of the most concerned issues in the study of decision systems including covering decision systems. Usually, a covering decision system is inconsistent, which can lead to the result that some of the rules derived from the system ... Keywords: Attribute reduction, Combinatorial optimization, Covering decision system, Optimal rule, Rule acquisition

Xiao Zhang, Changlin Mei, Degang Chen, Jinhai Li

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Oxygen vs. Liquid Nitrogen - Liquid Oxygen and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cells vs. Liquid Nitrogen! Cells vs. Liquid Nitrogen! Previous Video (Cells vs. Liquid Nitrogen!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Paramagnetism) Paramagnetism Liquid Oxygen and Fire! What happens when nitrogen and oxygen are exposed to fire? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is a test tube of liquid nitrogen! Steve: And this is a test tube of liquid oxygen! Joanna: Let's see what happens when nitrogen and oxygen are exposed to fire. Steve: Fire?! Joanna: Yeah! Steve: Really?! Joanna: Why not! Steve: Okay! Joanna: As nitrogen boils, it changes into nitrogen gas. Because it's so cold, it's denser than the air in the room. The test tube fills up with

283

Liquid absorbent solutions for separating nitrogen from natural gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Nitrogen-absorbing and -desorbing compositions, novel ligands and transition metal complexes, and methods of using the same, which are useful for the selective separation of nitrogen from other gases, especially natural gas.

Friesen, Dwayne T. (Bend, OR); Babcock, Walter C. (Bend, OR); Edlund, David J. (Redmond, OR); Lyon, David K. (Bend, OR); Miller, Warren K. (Bend, OR)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 The behavior of the core hole...

285

Electrochemical process for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods and apparatus for the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers including ammonium nitrate, urea, urea-ammonium nitrate, and/or ammonia utilizing a source of carbon, a source of nitrogen, and/or a source of hydrogen. Implementing an electrolyte serving as ionic charge carrier, (1) ammonium nitrate is produced via the reduction of a nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a nitrogen source at the anode; (2) urea or its isomers are produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source; (3) ammonia is produced via the reduction of nitrogen source at the cathode and the oxidation of a hydrogen source at the anode; and (4) urea-ammonium nitrate is produced via the simultaneous cathodic reduction of a carbon source and a nitrogen source, and anodic oxidation of a nitrogen source. The electrolyte can be solid.

Aulich, Ted R.; Olson, Edwin S.; Jiang, Junhua

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

286

Plant Communities, Soil Carbon, and Soil Nitrogen Properties in a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Brye KR, Kucharik CJ (2003) Carbon and nitrogen sequestration in two prairie topochronosequences on contrasting soils in Southern. Wisconsin. American...

287

DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules DOE Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules On January 18, 2011, the President issued Executive Order 13563, "Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review," to ensure that Federal regulations seek more affordable, less intrusive means to achieve policy goals, and that agencies give careful consideration to the benefits and costs of those regulations. Executive Order 13563 recognizes the importance of maintaining a consistent culture of retrospective review and analysis throughout the executive branch. To that end, Executive Order 13563 requires agencies, by May 18, 2011, to develop a plan for review of their existing significant regulations. DOE_05_18_2011.pdf More Documents & Publications

288

Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines All public utilities and persons subject to this rule shall file with the commission an operating and maintenance plan as well as an emergency plan. All construction work involving the addition and/or the replacement of gas

289

FEDERAL ACQUISITION CIRCULAR 2005-56 SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

56 56 SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 2008-030 III. Requirements for Acquisitions Pursuant to Multiple-Award Contracts 2007-012 IV. Socioeconomic Program Parity 2011-004 V. Trade Agreements Thresholds 2012-002 VI. New Designated Country (Armenia) and Other Trade Agreements Updates 2011-30 VII. Government Property 2010-009 VIII. Technical Amendments Item I--Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program (FAR Case 2010-015) This rule adopts as final, with changes, an interim rule published in the Federal Register at 76 FR 18304 on April 1, 2011, which provides a tool to assist Federal agencies in achieving the 5

290

New Rules Help Pocahontas Brighten Streets | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules Help Pocahontas Brighten Streets Rules Help Pocahontas Brighten Streets New Rules Help Pocahontas Brighten Streets October 21, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis The City of Pocahontas, Iowa swill replace sodium streetlights with LED fixtures. | File photo The City of Pocahontas, Iowa swill replace sodium streetlights with LED fixtures. | File photo Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Pocahontas, Iowa was awarded a Recovery Act grant of more than $81,000. The city will replace 266 high-pressure sodium streetlights with LED fixtures. The LED lights are projected to reduce energy and maintenance costs by more than $17, 000 a year. Officials of the City of Pocahontas, Iowa, thought replacing old streetlights with light-emitting diode (LED) lighting was a no-brainer.

291

SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CIRCULARS 2005-56 and -57 CIRCULARS 2005-56 and -57 SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 2008-030 III. Requirements for Acquisitions Pursuant to Multiple-Award Contracts 2007-012 IV. Socioeconomic Program Parity 2011-004 V. Trade Agreements Thresholds 2012-002 VI. New Designated Country (Armenia) and Other Trade Agreements Updates 2011-30 VII. Government Property 2010-009 VIII. Technical Amendments FAC 57- Korea Free trade Agreement Item I-Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Program (FAR Case 2010-015) This rule adopts as final, with changes, an interim rule published in the Federal Register at 76 FR

292

EA-1892: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for Residential  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

92: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for 92: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Residential Central Air Conditioners & Heat Pumps EA-1892: Direct Final Rule Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Residential Central Air Conditioners & Heat Pumps Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to adopt energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including residential furnaces and residential air conditioners and heat pumps, as required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 6291 et seq.). Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download June 27, 2011 EA-1892: Draft Environmental Assessment

293

Permit by Rule for Small Renewable Energy Projects (Virginia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Permit by Rule for Small Renewable Energy Projects (Virginia) Permit by Rule for Small Renewable Energy Projects (Virginia) Permit by Rule for Small Renewable Energy Projects (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Virginia Department of Environmental Quality In 2009, the Virginia General Assembly enacted legislation directing the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to develop regulations for the construction and operation of renewable energy projects of 100 megawatts

294

Obama Administration Releases Historic Open Data Rules to Enhance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Obama Administration Releases Historic Open Data Rules to Enhance Obama Administration Releases Historic Open Data Rules to Enhance Government Efficiency and Fuel Economic Growth Developer Data Web Services Source Code Challenges Semantic Web Blogs Let's Talk Developers You are here Data.gov » Communities » Developers » Blogs Obama Administration Releases Historic Open Data Rules to Enhance Government Efficiency and Fuel Economic Growth Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 05/09/2013 - 11:55am Log in to vote 0 The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, For Immediate Release The Obama Administration today took groundbreaking new steps to make information generated and stored by the Federal Government more open and accessible to innovators and the public, to fuel entrepreneurship and economic growth while increasing government transparency and efficiency.

295

Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum Products and Hazardous Materials (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum Products and Hazardous Materials (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations apply to underground storage facilities for petroleum and

296

Executive Director for Operations PROPOSED RULE ON DECOMMISSIONING TRUST PROVISIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To request Commission approval to publish a proposed rule in the Federal Register on decommissioning trust agreement requirements. BACKGROUND: The staff presented a rulemaking plan (SECY-00-0002) to the Commission on December 30, 1999. The plan discussed two actions relating to amending nuclear power reactor decommissioning trust provisions i.e., to amend 10 CFR 50.75 and revise Regulatory Guide 1.159. Subsequently, in a February 9, 2000, staff requirements memorandum (SRM) to the Executive Director for Operations (Attachment 1), the Commission authorized the staff to proceed with the rulemaking plan. Further, the Commission instructed the staff that any specific trust fund terms and conditions necessary to protect the funds fully should be set out in the rule itself, not in the regulatory guide. Sample language for trust agreements consistent with the terms and conditions within the rule may be provided within the associated regulatory guide. The attached Federal Register notice (FRN) responds to the SRM. DISCUSSION: Contact:

William D. Travers; Brian Richter

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Bayesian analysis of the nucleon QCD sum rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QCD sum rules of the nucleon channel are reanalyzed, using the maximum entropy method (MEM). This new approach, based on the Bayesian probability theory, does not restrict the spectral function to the usual "pole + continuum"-form, allowing a more flexible investigation of the nucleon spectral function. Making use of this flexibility, we are able to investigate the spectral functions of various interpolating fields, finding that the nucleon ground state mainly couples to an operator containing a scalar diquark. Moreover, we formulate the Gaussian sum rule for the nucleon channel and find that it is more suitable for the MEM analysis to extract the nucleon pole in the region of its experimental value, while the Borel sum rule does not contain enough information to clearly separate the nucleon pole from the continuum.

Keisuke Ohtani; Philipp Gubler; Makoto Oka

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

298

NATURAL CONVECTION OF SUBCOOLED LIQUID NITROGEN IN A VERTICAL CAVITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power transformer cooled by natural convection of subcooled liquid nitrogen. A liquid nitrogen bath temperature superconductor) power devices, such as HTS transformers, fault current limiters, and terminals of subcooled liquid nitrogen system for an HTS transformer, operating at around 65 K. This system consists

Chang, Ho-Myung

299

NITROGEN EVOLUTION AND SOOT FORMATION DURING SECONDARY COAL PYROLYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactor to provide a high temperature, oxygen-free post-flame environment to study secondary reactions yields of the primary tar as a function of reactor temperature in coal [N]tar nitrogen content in tar or soot N nitrogen N2 molecular nitrogen NH3 ammonia NMR Nuclear

Fletcher, Thomas H.

300

Station Living Program, RCM, and the maintenance rule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A project is being conducted at Boston Edison's Pilgrim nuclear power station (PNPS) to develop, implement, and demonstrate the effectiveness of a Station Living Program and the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) maintenance rule. This project is a collaborative effort by PNPS, the Electric Power Corp, and Quadrex Energy Series Corporation. In parallel, a preventive maintenance optimization project utilizing reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) is being performed on [approximately]90% of the plant's systems. These two projects are being combined as a major cornerstone at PNPS in the implementation of the NRC maintenance rule.

Kleam, J. (Boston Edison Co., Plymouth, MA (United States)); Anderson, J. (Quadrex Energy Services Corp., Campbell, CA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Clean Air Mercury Rule (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 8, 2008, a three-judge panel on the D.C. Circuit of the U.S. Court of Appeals issued a decision to vacate CAMR. In its ruling, the panel cited the history of hazardous air pollutant regulation under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) [28]. Section 112, as written by Congress, listed emitted mercury as a hazardous air pollutant that must be subject to regulation unless it can be proved harmless to public welfare and the environment. In 2000, the EPA ruled that mercury was indeed hazardous and must be regulated under Section 112 and, therefore, subjected to the best available control technology for mitigation.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules April 29, 2011 Draft Executive Summary On January 18, 2011, the President issued Executive Order 13563, ‗‗Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review,'' to ensure that Federal regulations seek more affordable, less intrusive means to achieve policy goals, and that agencies give careful consideration to the benefits and costs of those regulations. Executive Order 13563 recognizes the importance of maintaining a consistent culture of retrospective review and analysis throughout the executive branch. To that end, Executive Order 13563 requires agencies, by May 18, 2011, to develop a plan for review of

303

Clean Air Nonroad Diesel Rule (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On June 29, 2004, the EPA issued a comprehensive final rule regulating emissions from nonroad diesel engines and sulfur content in nonroad diesel fuel. The nonroad fuel market makes up more than 18 percent of the total distillate pool. The rule applies to new equipment covering a broad range of engine sizes, power ratings, and equipment types. There are currently about 6 million pieces of nonroad equipment operating in the United States, and more than 650,000 new units are sold each year.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Striking nitrogen isotope anomaly in the Bencubbin and Weatherford meteorites  

SciTech Connect

The stony-iron meteorites Bencubbin and Weatherford contain nitrogen with a ratio of nitrogen-15 to nitrogen-14 larger than normal by as much as a factor of 2. The excess nitrogen-15 may be due either to a nucleosynthetic origin or to extreme isotopic fractionation. In the former case, it may reflect failure to homogenize nitrogen-15 produced in nova explosions. In the latter case, it may reflect chemical processing at temperatures below 40 K in a presolar molecular cloud. 34 references.

Prombo, C.A.; Clayton, R.N.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Mesh scissoring with minima rule and part salience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an intelligent scissoring operator for meshes. Unlike common approaches that segment a mesh using clustering schemes, here we introduce a method that concentrates on the contours for cutting. Our approach is based on the minima rule ... Keywords: Geometric snake, Mesh partitioning, Mesh segmentation, Part-type segmentation

Yunjin Lee; Seungyong Lee; Ariel Shamir; Daniel Cohen-Or; Hans-Peter Seidel

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Formalizing production systems with rule-based ontologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we proposed a new semantics for the combination of production systems with arbitraryDL ontologies. Unlike previous approaches, the semantics presented here allow looping rules and can handle inconsistencies produced by the ... Keywords: knowledge representation, ontologies, production systems, transaction logic, well-founded semantics

Martn Rezk; Michael Kifer

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Rule-Based prediction of rare extreme values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a rule learning method that obtains models biased towards a particular class of regression tasks. These tasks have as main distinguishing feature the fact that the main goal is to be accurate at predicting rare extreme values of ...

Rita Ribeiro; Lus Torgo

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Discovery of inference rules for question-answering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the main challenges in question-answering is the potential mismatch between the expressions in questions and the expressions in texts. While humans appear to use inference rules such as X writes Y implies X is the author of ...

Dekang Lin; Patrick Pantel

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Fuzzy rule-based modeling of vapor cloud explosion probabilities  

SciTech Connect

Estimating the frequency of accidents in nonreactor nuclear facilities is difficult because quantitative reliability data are lacking for many critical items. Because data are often lacking, the risk analysis relies on [open quotes]expert judgment[close quotes] or [open quotes]engineering judgment.[close quotes] This paper presents an alternative to the ad hoc use of engineering judgment in risk analysis. This alternative is fuzzy rule-based modeling. The fundamental principle of fuzzy rule-based modeling is that qualitative knowledge, which is the basis of engineering judgment, is valid knowledge. The intent of fuzzy rule-based modeling is to make better, systematic use of qualitative knowledge. The method is related to expert system technology. The basic concepts of fuzzy rule-based modeling, as applied to consequence modeling, have been discussed previously. This paper examines the application of these methods to the problem of estimating probabilities. The study considers a particular application, determining the probability of a deflagration-to-detonation transition in a vapor cloud.

Kubic, W.L. Jr. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Counter-ions at single charged wall: Sum rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For inhomogeneous classical Coulomb fluids in thermal equilibrium, like the jellium or the two-component Coulomb gas, there exists a variety of exact sum rules which relate the particle one-body and two-body densities. The necessary condition for these sum rules is that the Coulomb fluid possesses good screening properties, i.e. the particle correlation functions or the averaged charge inhomogeneity, say close to a wall, exhibit a short-range (usually exponential) decay. In this work, we study equilibrium statistical mechanics of an electric double layer with counter-ions only, i.e. a globally neutral system of equally charged point-like particles in the vicinity of a plain hard wall carrying a fixed uniform surface charge density of opposite sign. At large distances from the wall, the one-body and two-body counter-ion densities go to zero slowly according to the inverse-power law. In spite of the absence of screening, all known sum rules are shown to hold for two exactly solvable cases of the present system: in the weak-coupling Poisson-Boltzmann limit (in any spatial dimension larger than one) and at a special free-fermion coupling constant in two dimensions. This fact indicates an extended validity of the sum rules and provides a consistency check for reasonable theoretical approaches.

Ladislav Samaj

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Rule-Based framework for automated negotiation: initial implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The note reports on the current status of an implementation of a rule-based negotiation mechanism in a model e-commerce multi-agent system. Here, we briefly describe the conceptual architecture of the system and its initial implementation utilizing JADE ...

Costin B?dic?; Adriana B?di??; Maria Ganzha; Alin Iordache; Marcin Paprzycki

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

NITROGEN -N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an emergency? 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: NITROGEN - N2 LIQUEFIED NITROGEN N2, (CryogenicNITROGEN - N2 MSDS (Document # 001040) PAGE 1 OF 10 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Prepared to U ppm ppm ppm Nitrogen 7727-37-9 >99 % There are no specific exposure limits for Nitrogen. Nitrogen

Choi, Kyu Yong

313

Nitrogen oxide abatement by distributed fuel addition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to investigate the processes that influence the destruction of NO in the fuel rich stage of the reburning process. The objective is to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that control the fate of coal nitrogen in the fuel rich zone of a combustion process. Time resolved profiles of temperature, major (CO{sub 2}, CO, H{sub 2}O, O{sub 2}, H{sub 2} and N{sub 2}), nitrogenous (NO, HCN and NH{sub 3}) and hydrocarbon (CH{sub 4} and C{sub 2}H{sub 2}) species were obtained for various reburning tests. A slow continuous source of HCN was observed in the reburn zone for most tests. HCN formation from NO + CH{sub i} reactions would partially explain this trend. It has been proposed in the past that these reactions would be fast (less than 0.1s) and the produced HCN would be short lived. However, evidence was provided in this study indicating that NO + CH{sub i} reactions might contribute to HCN formation at longer residence times in the reburn zone. Reactions of molecular nitrogen with hydrocarbon radicals were determined to be a significant source of HCN formation, especially as NO levels decreased in the reburn zone. The results of several tests would justify the exclusion of continued coal devolatilization in the reburn zone as a major source of HCN.

Wendt, J.O.L.; Mereb, J.B.

1989-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

314

Nitrogen control of chloroplast differentiation. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was directed toward understanding at the physiological, biochemical and molecular levels of how photosynthetic organisms adapt to long-term nitrogen-deficiency conditions is quite incomplete even though limitation of this nutrient is the most commonly restricts plant growth and development. For our work on this problem, the unicellular green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, was grown in continuous cultures in which steady-state levels of nitrogen can be precisely controlled. N-limited cells exhibit the classical symptoms of deficiency of this nutrient, chlorosis and slow growth rates, and respond to nitrogen provision by rapid greening and chloroplast differentiation. We have addressed three aspects of this problem: (1) the regulation of pigment synthesis; (2) control of expression of nuclear genes encoding photosynthetic proteins; (3) changes in metabolic and electron transport pathways that enable sustained CO{sub 2} fixation even though they cannot be readily converted into amino and nucleic acids. For the last, principle components are: (a) enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity intimately associated with photosynthates, and (b) the occurrence in thylakoids of a supplemental electron transport pathway that facilitates reduction of the plastoquinone pool. Together, these distinguishing features of N-limited cells are likely to enable cell survival, especially under conditions of high irradiance stress.

Schmidt, G.W.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Let's Freeze Liquid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shattering Pennies! Shattering Pennies! Previous Video (Shattering Pennies!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave!) Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave! Let's Freeze Liquid Nitrogen! By removing the hottest molecules, we're able to freeze liquid nitrogen! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: Today, we're going to freeze liquid nitrogen! Joanna and Steve: Yeah! Joanna: The obvious way to do this is to put the liquid nitrogen into something colder. Something that we have lots of around here! Something like... liquid helium! Steve: Yes! Joanna: Yeah, but we're not going to do that. Instead, we're going to freeze the nitrogen by removing the hottest molecules!

316

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Freeze the Rainbow!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave! Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave! Previous Video (Liquid Nitrogen in a Microwave!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen and Antifreeze!) Liquid Nitrogen and Antifreeze! Freeze the Rainbow! Starburst candy. They're fruity. They're chewy. They're delicious! But, can they survive taking a bath in liquid nitrogen? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: A student visiting Jefferson Lab from Huntington Middle School in Newport News, Virginia, asked what happens to a starburst if you put it in liquid nitrogen. Well, we're going to find out! Steve: At room temperature, starburst isn't really all that special. I can kind of squish it if I squeeze it hard enough and, if I drop it, nothing

317

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Giant Koosh Ball!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Let's Pour Liquid Nitrogen on the Floor! Let's Pour Liquid Nitrogen on the Floor! Previous Video (Let's Pour Liquid Nitrogen on the Floor!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse!) Egg + Liquid Nitrogen + Time-lapse! Giant Koosh Ball! Sometimes, you just want to know what's going to happen! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! A while ago, I was at the mall and I saw this. And, the first thing that popped into my head was 'I wonder what would happen if we were to put this in liquid nitrogen?' Now, that's one thing I really love about science. If you have a question, you can, sometimes, do an experiment to find out what the answer is! Here at the Lab, we have a lot of liquid nitrogen, so that's

318

Controlling weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the improvement in international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. The emphasis in the phrase ``Cold War`` was on the word ``cold,`` and relations with the former Communist regimes are now ``warm`` by comparison. It is equally valid to consider what has happened to the word ``was` in this highly descriptive phrase. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of the last fifty years, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. Out of these military postures a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to controlling weapons,of mass destruction through the ``rule of law.`` Rawls wrote that ``legal system is a coercive order of public rules addressed to rational persons for the purpose of regulating their conduct and providing the framework for social cooperation. The regular and impartial administration of public rules, becomes the rule of law when applied to the legal system.`` Inparticular, Rawls identifies as part of this system of public rules those laws that aim to prevent free riders on the economic system and those that aim to correct such externalities as environmental pollution.``

Tanzman, E.A.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

319

Role of Interestingness Measures in CAR Rule Ordering for Associative Classifier: An Empirical Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Associative Classifier is a novel technique which is the integration of Association Rule Mining and Classification. The difficult task in building Associative Classifier model is the selection of relevant rules from a large number of class association rules (CARs). A very popular method of ordering rules for selection is based on confidence, support and antecedent size (CSA). Other methods are based on hybrid orderings in which CSA method is combined with other measures. In the present work, we study the effect of using different interestingness measures of Association rules in CAR rule ordering and selection for associative classifier.

Kannan, S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

proposes to amend its Trade Regulation Rule Concerning the Labeling and Advertising of Home Insulation (Rvalue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rule or Rule) to streamline and increase the benefits of the Rule to consumers and sellers, minimize its costs, and respond to the development and utilization of new technologies to make American homes more energy efficient and less costly to heat and cool. This document provides background on the R-value Rule and this proceeding; proposes amendments to recognize technological advances in R-value testing and specimen preparation procedures, and to clarify, streamline, and improve the Rules requirements; and discusses public comments

Proposed Rule

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Evolution of Photosynthesis and Biospheric Oxygenation Contingent Upon Nitrogen Fixation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How photosynthesis by Precambrian cyanobacteria oxygenated Earth's biosphere remains incompletely understood. Here it is argued that the oxic transition, which took place between approximately 2.3 and 0.5 Gyr ago, required a great proliferation of cyanobacteria, and this in turn depended on their ability to fix nitrogen via the nitrogenase enzyme system. However, the ability to fix nitrogen was not a panacea, and the rate of biospheric oxygenation may still have been affected by nitrogen constraints on cyanobacterial expansion. Evidence is presented for why cyanobacteria probably have a great need for fixed nitrogen than other prokaryotes, underscoring the importance of their ability to fix nitrogen. The connection between nitrogen fixation and the evolution of photosynthesis is demonstrated by the similarities between nitrogenase and enzymes critical for the biosynthesis of (bacterio)chlorophyll. It is hypothesized that biospheric oxygenation would not have occurred if the emergence of cyanobacteria had not been preceded by the evolution of nitrogen fixation, and if these organisms had not also acquired the ability to fix nitrogen at the beginning of or very early in their history. The evolution of nitrogen fixation also appears to have been a precondition for the evolution of (bacterio)chlorophyll-based photosynthesis. Given that some form of chlorophyll is obligatory for true photosynthesis, and its light absorption and chemical properties make it a "universal pigment," it may be predicted that the evolution of nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis are also closely linked on other Earth- like planets.

John W. Grula

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

322

Rules and Regulations Governing Leasing for Production or Extraction of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leasing for Production or Leasing for Production or Extraction of Oil, Gas and Other Minerals From Onshore State-Owned Lands (Mississippi) Rules and Regulations Governing Leasing for Production or Extraction of Oil, Gas and Other Minerals From Onshore State-Owned Lands (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier Utility Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Mississippi Development Authority The Rules and Regulations Governing Leasing for Production or Extraction of Oil, Gas and Other Minerals From Onshore State-Owned Lands is applicable to the natural gas sector. This law delegates the power to lease, for mineral

323

DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 36222) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 Fed Reg 36222) 61 Fed Reg 36222) DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures: Final Rule (61 Fed Reg 36222) DOE amended its existing regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The amendments incorporate changes that improve DOE's efficiency in implementing NEPA requirements by reducing costs and preparation time while maintaining quality, consistent with the DOE Secretarial Policy Statement on NEPA issued in June 1994. These amendments also incorporate changes necessary to conform to recent changes in DOE's missions, programs, and policies that have evolved in response to changing national priorities since the current regulations were issued in 1992. 61 Fed Reg 36222: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule More Documents & Publications

324

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Speaker(s): Kate O'Neill Date: September 20, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mithra Moezzi This talk will focus on emerging conflicts between different, but overlapping, sectors of global governance - on the one hand, the international economic order as represented by the World Trade Organization, and on the other, the international environmental order, as represented by the extensive network of global environmental regimes. In particular, it focuses on the fears raised by many that the WTO and associated Bretton Woods institutions are likely to undermine efforts by international governmental organizations and other non-state actors to protect the global environment. This fear has been driven in large part by

325

Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 43  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Energy "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update (DOE/EA-1871) March 16, 2011 2 Environmental Assessment for Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and High-Rise Multi-Family Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR 435, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Residential Low-Rise Residential Buildings" Baseline Standards Update (DOE/EA-1871) SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for DOE's Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for

326

Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A survey of wet cooling tower literature was performed to develop a simplified method of cooling tower design and simulation for use in power plant cycle optimization. The theory of heat exchange in wet cooling towers is briefly summarized. The Merkel equation (the fundamental equation of heat transfer in wet cooling towers) is presented and discussed. The cooling tower fill constant (Ka) is defined and values derived. A rule-of-thumb method for the optimized design of cooling towers is presented. The rule-of-thumb design method provides information useful in power plant cycle optimization, including tower dimensions, water consumption rate, exit air temperature, power requirements and construction cost. In addition, a method for simulation of cooling tower performance at various operating conditions is presented. This information is also useful in power plant cycle evaluation. Using the information presented, it will be possible to incorporate wet cooling tower design and simulation into a procedure to evaluate and optimize power plant cycles.

Leeper, S.A.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

10 C.F.R. 820: Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20: Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities 10 C.F.R. 820: Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear Activities Stakeholders: DOE employees Scope: 10 C.F.R. 820 outlines the appropriate...

328

Evaluating Forecasters' Rules of Thumb: A Study of d(prog)/dt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasters often develop rules of thumb for adjusting model guidance. Ideally, before use, these rules of thumb should be validated through a careful comparison of model forecasts and observations over a large sample. Practically, such ...

Thomas M. Hamill

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The real rules of the budget game : minority fiscal decision making in the United States Senate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the consequences of the Gramm-Rudman super-majority budget rules on fiscal decision making in the Senate. It attempts to determine the efficacy of these rules as defined by those who advocate them, ...

Simon, Marsha Jean

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Worldwide organic soil carbon and nitrogen data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the research presented in this package was to identify data that could be used to estimate the size of the soil organic carbon pool under relatively undisturbed soil conditions. A subset of the data can be used to estimate amounts of soil carbon storage at equilibrium with natural soil-forming factors. The magnitude of soil properties so defined is a resulting nonequilibrium values for carbon storage. Variation in these values is due to differences in local and geographic soil-forming factors. Therefore, information is included on location, soil nitrogen content, climate, and vegetation along with carbon density and variation.

Zinke, P.J.; Stangenberger, A.G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Forestry and Resource Management; Post, W.M.; Emanual, W.R.; Olson, J.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A QCD Sum Rules Approach to Mixing of Hadrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the calculation of the hadronic mixing angles using QCD sum rules is proposed. This method is then applied to predict the mixing angle between the heavy cascade hyperons {Xi}{sub Q} and {Xi}{sub Q}{sup '} where Q = c or Q = b. It is obtained the {theta}{sub b} = 6.4 deg. {+-}1.8 deg. and {theta}{sub c} = 5.5 deg. {+-}1.8 deg.

Aliev, T. M. [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Permanent institute: Institute of Physics, Baku (Azerbaijan); Ozpineci, A. [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Zamiralov, V. S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, M. V. Lomonosov MSU, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

332

Meson-baryon sigma terms in QCD Sum Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the pion-nucleon and the pion-Delta sigma terms by employing the method of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) sum rules. The obtained value of the pion-nucleon sigma term is compatible with the larger values already anticipated by the recent calculations. It is also found that the pion-Delta sigma term is as large as the pion-nucleon sigma term.

G. Erkol; M. Oka

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

333

Evolution of Photosynthesis and Biospheric Oxygenation Contingent Upon Nitrogen Fixation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How photosynthesis by Precambrian cyanobacteria oxygenated Earth's biosphere remains incompletely understood. Here it is argued that the oxic transition, which took place between approximately 2.3 and 0.5 Gyr ago, required a great proliferation of cyanobacteria, and this in turn depended on their ability to fix nitrogen via the nitrogenase enzyme system. However, the ability to fix nitrogen was not a panacea, and the rate of biospheric oxygenation may still have been affected by nitrogen constraints on cyanobacterial expansion. Evidence is presented for why cyanobacteria probably have a great need for fixed nitrogen than other prokaryotes, underscoring the importance of their ability to fix nitrogen. The connection between nitrogen fixation and the evolution of photosynthesis is demonstrated by the similarities between nitrogenase and enzymes critical for the biosynthesis of (bacterio)chlorophyll. It is hypothesized that biospheric oxygenation would not have occurred if the emergence of cyanobacteria had not ...

Grula, J W

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fatigue behavior and recommended design rules for an automotive composite  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fatigue curves (stress vs cycles to failure) were generated under a variety of conditions (temperatures, fluid environments, mean stresses, block loadings) for a candidate automotive structural composite. The results were used to (1) develop observations regarding basic fatigue behavioral characteristics and (2) establish fatigue design rules. The composite was a structural reaction injection-molded polyurethane reinforced with continuous strand, swirl-mat E-glass fibers. Tensile fatigue tests on specimens from a single plaque at {minus}40 F, room temperature, and 250 F provided the basic behavioral characteristics. It was found that when stress was normalized by the at-temperature ultimate tensile strength, the fatigue curves at the three temperatures collapsed into a single master curve. An assessment of the individual stress-strain loops throughout each test showed a progressive loss in stiffness and an increase in permanent strain, both of which are indicative of increasing damage. Fatigue tests on specimens from several plaques were used to develop a design fatigue curve, which was established by using a reduction factor of 20 on average cycles to failure. This factor assures that the stiffness loss during the design life is no greater than 10 percent. Fatigue reduction factors were established to account for various fluids. Reversed stress fatigue tests allowed a mean stress rule to be validated, and block loading tests were used to demonstrate the adequacy of Miner`s rule for cumulative fatigue damage.

Corum, J.M.; Battiste, R.L.; Ruggles, M.B.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

File:PUCT - Substantive Rules - 22.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PUCT - Substantive Rules - 22.pdf PUCT - Substantive Rules - 22.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:PUCT - Substantive Rules - 22.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 422 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 126 pages) File history

336

A criterion for lattice supersymmetry: cyclic Leibniz rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is old folklore that the violation of Leibniz rule on a lattice is an obstruction for constructing a lattice supersymmetric model. While it is still true for full supersymmetry, we show that a slightly modified form of the Leibniz rule, which we call cyclic Leibniz rule (CLR), is actually a criterion for the existence of partial lattice supersymmetry. In one dimension, we find sets of lattice difference operator and field multiplication smeared over lattice which satisfy the CLR under some natural assumptions such as translational invariance and locality. Thereby we construct a model of supersymmetric lattice quantum mechanics without spoiling locality. The CLR relation is coincident with the condition that the vanishing of the so-called surface term in the construction by lattice Nicolai map. We can construct superfield formalism with arbitrary superpotential. This also enables us to apply safely a localization technique to our model, because the kinetic term and the interaction terms of our model are independently invariant under the supersymmetry transformation. A preliminary attempt in finding a solution for the higher dimensional case is also discussed.

Mitsuhiro Kato; Makoto Sakamoto; Hiroto So

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Graphical rule of transforming continuous-variable graph states by local homodyne detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphical rule, describing that any single-mode homodyne detection turns a given continuous-variable (CV) graph state into a new one, is presented. Employing two simple graphical rules: local complement operation and vertex deletion (single quadrature-amplitude $\\hat{x}$ measurement), the graphical rule for any single-mode quadrature component measurement can be obtained. The shape of CV weighted graph state may be designed and constructed easily from a given larger graph state by applying this graphical rule.

Jing Zhang

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

338

OIKOS 99: 591599, 2002 Assembly rules for New England ant assemblages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Petersham, MA 01366, USA). The study of assembly rules that reflect species interac- tions is an active

Gotelli, Nicholas J.

339

Property Rights and Liability Rules: The Ex Ante View of the Cathedral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparing the Rules E. Taking Stock V. I MPLICATIONS FOR THEfrom its investment. E. Taking Stock Having analyzed the

Bebchuk, Lucian

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Program on Technology Innovation: Water Quality Trading Program for Nitrogen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anthropogenic releases of nitrogen have greatly increased environmental fluxes of biologically available nitrogen and contributed to serious ecological problems, such as algal blooms that cause waters to become severely depleted of oxygen. Power plant sources of nitrogen include NOx air emissions, the ammonia required for the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR) systems that are used for NOx reduction, and the ammonia used for SOx control and ash pond condition...

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Multi-Pollutant Legislation and Regulations (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The 108th Congress proposed and debated a variety of bills addressing pollution control at electric power plants but did not pass any of them into law. In addition, the EPA currently is preparing two regulationsa proposed Clean Air Interstate Rule (pCAIR) and a Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR)to address emissions from coal-fired power plants. Several States also have taken legislative actions to limit pollutants from power plants in their jurisdictions. This section discusses three Congressional air pollution bills and the EPAs pCAIR and CAMR regulations.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Mining Multiple Level Non-redundant Association Rules through Two-Fold Pruning of Redundancies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Association rules (AR) are a class of patterns which describe regularities in a set of transactions. When items of transactions are organized in a taxonomy, AR can be associated with a level of the taxonomy since they contain only items at that level. ... Keywords: Association Rules, Multiple Level Rules, Redundant Information

Corrado Loglisci; Donato Malerba

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A History of the Maintenance Rule 10CFR50.65  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the Maintenance Rule reached its 10-year anniversary, it became obvious that much of the history of the Maintenance Rule, and consequently the reasoning behind much of what is done, was being lost. For this reason, it was decided to document the history and reasoning of the Maintenance Rule.

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

344

A Framework for Effectively Integrating Hard and Soft Syntactic Rules into Phrase Based Translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

part of training data using the SRI Language Modeling Toolkit (Stolcke, 2002). In order to acquire average 4.18 586 #12;hard rules are acquired from each test sentence, while 17.08 soft rules in averageA Framework for Effectively Integrating Hard and Soft Syntactic Rules into Phrase Based Translation

345

Combining artificial neural networks and heuristic rules in a hybrid intelligent load forecast system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is combined to Heuristic Rules producing a powerful hybrid intelligent system for short and mid-term electric load forecasting. The Heuristic Rules are used to adjust the ANN output to improve the system ... Keywords: artificial neural networks, electric load forecast, heuristic rules, hybrid system

Ronaldo R. B. de Aquino; Aida A. Ferreira; Manoel A. Carvalho, Jr.; Milde M. S. Lira; Geane B. Silva; Otoni Nbrega Neto

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Automatic rule-based assessment of e-government application forms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our current progress in designing and developing an AI rule-based module that automatically assesses e-Government application forms based on local laws and regulations. The rule-based module is part of a larger AI knowledge management ... Keywords: automatic assessment, expert system, rule-based system

Andy Hon Wai Chun

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

COMBUSTION SOURCES OF UNREGULATED GAS PHASE NITROGENEOUS SPECIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogeneous Species in Gas Turbine Exhaust, from Conkle, et82) Percent of Organic Gas Turbine Emissions which containnitrogen dioxide from gas turbines (from the data presented

Matthews, Ronald D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Passive measurement of nitrogen oxides to assess traffic-related...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

393-403 Date Published 012004 Keywords Freeways, nitrogen dioxide, Passive sampler, schools Abstract The East Bay Children's Respiratory Health Study is examining associations...

349

Numerical Simulation of Carbon and Nitrogen Profiles Produced by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In advance of the nitrogen diffusion zone the carbon concentration is as high as 10 at. pct. ... Discovery of Efficient Metal-Organic Frameworks for CO2 Capture.

350

Method for the purification of noble gases, nitrogen and hydrogen ...  

... methane, ammonia, nitrogen and water vapor are utilized to purify the gaseous mixture of impurities. After purification hydrogen isotopes may be more ...

351

Why sequence functional metagenomics of methane and nitrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

functional metagenomics of methane and nitrogen cycles in freshwater lakes? Methane is a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide, but it is also a potential source of...

352

Modeling nitrogen cycling in forested watersheds of Chesapeake Bay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chesapeake Bay Agreement calls for a 40% reduction of controllable phosphorus and nitrogen to the tidal Bay by the year 2000. To accomplish this goal the Chesapeake Bay Program needs accurate estimates of nutrient loadings, including atmospheric deposition, from various land uses. The literature was reviewed on forest nitrogen pools and fluxes, and nitrogen data from research catchments in the Chesapeake Basin were identified. The structure of a nitrogen module for forests is recommended for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model along with the possible functional forms for fluxes.

Hunsaker, C.T.; Garten, C.T.; Mulholland, P.J.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Recovery of nitrogen and light hydrocarbons from polyalkene ...  

Recovery of nitrogen and light hydrocarbons from polyalkene purge gas United States Patent. Patent Number: 6,576,043: Issued: June 10, 2003: Official Filing:

354

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with...

355

Multi-stage combustion using nitrogen-enriched air - Energy ...  

Multi-stage combustion technology combined with nitrogen-enriched air technology for controlling the combustion temperature and products to extend the maintenance and ...

356

Nitrogen removal from natural gas using two types of membranes ...  

A process for treating natural gas or other methane-rich gas to remove excess nitrogen. The invention relies on two-stage membrane separation, using ...

357

Henry's Law Constants of Methane, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Ethanol from 273 to 498 K: Prediction from Molecular Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

noindent Henry's law constants of the solutes methane, nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide in the solvent ethanol are predicted by molecular simulation. The molecular models for the solutes are taken from previous work. For the solvent ethanol, a new rigid anisotropic united atom molecular model based on Lennard-Jones and Coulombic interactions is developed. It is adjusted to experimental pure component saturated liquid density and vapor pressure data. Henry's law constants are calculated by evaluating the infinite dilution residual chemical potentials of the solutes from 273 to 498K with Widom's test particle insertion. The prediction of Henry's Law constants without the use of binary experimental data on the basis of the Lorentz-Berthelot combining rule agree well with experimental data, deviations are 20%, except for carbon dioxide for which deviations of 70% are reached. Quantitative agreement is achieved by using the modified Lorentz-Berthelot combining rule which is adjusted to one experimental mixture ...

Schnabel, T; Hasse, H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Timescales for dynamical relaxation to the Born rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We illustrate through explicit numerical calculations how the Born-rule probability densities of non-relativistic quantum mechanics emerge naturally from the particle dynamics of de Broglie-Bohm pilot-wave theory. The time evolution of a particle distribution initially not equal to the absolute square of the wave function is calculated for a particle in a two-dimensional infinite potential square well. Under the de Broglie-Bohm ontology, the box contains an objectively-existing 'pilot wave' which guides the electron trajectory, and this is represented mathematically by a Schroedinger wave function composed of a finite out-of-phase superposition of M energy eigenstates (with M ranging from 4 to 64). The electron density distributions are found to evolve naturally into the Born-rule ones and stay there; in analogy with the classical case this represents a decay to 'quantum equilibrium'. The proximity to equilibrium is characterized by the coarse-grained subquantum H-function which is found to decrease roughly exponentially towards zero over the course of time. The timescale tau for this relaxation is calculated for various values of M and the coarse-graining length epsilon. Its dependence on M is found to disagree with an earlier theoretical prediction. A power law - tau inversely proportional to M - is found to be fairly robust for all coarse-graining lengths and, although a weak dependence of tau on epsilon is observed, it does not appear to follow any straightforward scaling. A theoretical analysis is presented to explain these results. This improvement in our understanding of timescales for relaxation to quantum equilibrium is likely to be of use in the development of models of relaxation in the early universe, with a view to constraining possible violations of the Born rule in inflationary cosmology.

M. D. Towler; N. J. Russell; A. Valentini

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

359

Spectroscopic detection of nitrogen concentrations in sagebrush  

SciTech Connect

The ability to estimate foliar nitrogen (N) in semi-arid landscapes can yield information on nutritional status and improve our limited understanding of controls on canopy photosynthesis. We examined two spectroscopic methods for estimating sagebrush dried leaf and live shrub N content: first derivative reflectance (FDR) and continuum removal. Both methods used partial least squares (PLS) regression to select wavebands most significantly correlated with N concentrations in the samples. Sagebrush dried leaf spectra produced PLS models (R2 = 0.760.86) that could predict N concentrations within the dataset more accurately than PLS models generated from live shrub spectra (R2 = 0.410.63). Inclusion of wavelengths associated with leaf water in the FDR transformations appeared to improve regression results. Findings are encouraging and warrant further exploration into sagebrush reflectance spectra to characterize N concentrations.

J. J. MITCHELL; N. F. GLENN; T.T. SANKEY; D. R. DERRYBERRY; R. C. HRUSKA; M. O. Anderson

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics of Temperate and Subarctic Heath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics of Temperate and Subarctic Heath Ecosystems with Emphasis on Cold-season cycling of carbon and nitrogen in temperate and subarctic heath ecosystems. Over the last three years, I spend many hours introducing me to modeling carbon exchange, thank you. Also thanks to Karina Clemmensen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen modification of highly porous carbon for improved supercapacitor performance Stephanie L for supercapacitor applications. Surface modification increases the amount of nitrogen by four times when compared elements in highly porous carbon used for electric double-layer supercapacitors.1 These elements modify

Cao, Guozhong

362

Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Joe Bryson Joe Bryson US Environmental Protection Agency Climate Protection Partnerships Division January 12, 2006 bryson.joe@epa.gov (202) 343-9631 Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule My Perspective Where I Sit: Climate Change Protection Division * Energy STAR products, buildings, and homes * Green Power Partnership * CHP Partnership * Climate Leaders * EPA-State Partnerships on Clean Energy and Utility Regulation Who I Coordinate with: Clean Air Markets Division * Responsible for the design, analysis, and implementation of EPA's cap and trade programs for SO2, NOx, and Hg Information from Two Views Environmental Regulatory Perspective Renewable Energy Perspective Environmental Regulatory Perspective States have full authority and flexibility to allocate NOx

363

Rules and Regulations Governing the Establishment of Various Fees (Rhode  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Establishment of Various Fees the Establishment of Various Fees (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations Governing the Establishment of Various Fees (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations describe the fees associated with several Department of Environmental Management regulatory programs, including programs pertaining

364

Rules and Regulations Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pertaining to the Management of Wastes Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) Rules and Regulations Pertaining to the Management of Wastes (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Environmental Quality These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Environmental Quality, contain provisions pertaining to waste management permits and licenses,

365

Mobile Source Air Toxics Rule (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 9, 2007, the EPA released its MSAT2 rule, which will establish controls on gasoline, passenger vehicles, and portable fuel containers. The controls are designed to reduce emissions of benzene and other hazardous air pollutants. Benzene is a known carcinogen, and the EPA estimates that mobile sources produced more than 70 percent of all benzene emissions in 1999. Other mobile source air toxics, including 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, and naphthalene, also are thought to increase cancer rates or contribute to other serious health problems.

Information Center

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

366

Qs and As on the "Fill" Rule Q: Are the Corps and EPA proceeding with a rule change that would allow new dumping of mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. * Although the rule will not stop mountaintop coal mining, in the course of completing this rule we Virginia and the Corps of Engineers authorizing a mountaintop coal mine in West Virginia were challenged involving coal mining discharges, environmental plaintiffs settled the case against the Federal agencies

US Army Corps of Engineers

367

Removal of basic nitrogen compounds from hydrocarbon liquids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is provided for reducing the concentration of basic nitrogen compounds in hydrocarbonaceous feedstock fluids used in the refining industry by providing a solid particulate carbonaceous adsorbent/fuel material such as coal having active basic nitrogen complexing sites on the surface thereof and the coal with a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock containing basic nitrogen compounds to facilitate attraction of the basic nitrogen compounds to the complexing sites and the formation of complexes thereof on the surface of the coal. The adsorbent coal material and the complexes formed thereon are from the feedstock fluid to provide a hydrocarbonaceous fluid of reduced basic nitrogen compound concentration. The coal can then be used as fuel for boilers and the like.

Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA); Hoover, David S. (New Tripoli, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Questions and Answers - Is there anything colder than liquid nitrogen?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How cold is liquid nitrogen? How cold is liquid nitrogen? Previous Question (How cold is liquid nitrogen?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (If you jumped into a pool of liquid oxygen, would your body instantly crystallize?) If you jumped into a pool of liquid oxygen,would your body instantly crystallize? Is there anything colder than liquid nitrogen? Yes, there are things colder than liquid nitrogen, like most of the Universe! I assume, though, that you mean things on the Earth. There actually is an entire branch of science called cryogenics that deals with really cold things. Generally the science of cryogenics is when the temperature goes below that which we can reach with conventional refrigeration equipment, around 250 degrees (Fahrenheit) below zero. Many

369

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Popping Film Canisters!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploding Rubber Stopper! Exploding Rubber Stopper! Previous Video (Exploding Rubber Stopper!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Insulators!) Insulators! Popping Film Canisters! What happens when liquid nitrogen is trapped inside a sealed container? Play the video to find out! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is a container of liquid nitrogen! Steve: And these are a bunch of film canisters! Joanna: Let's see what happens when we trap the liquid nitrogen in the film canisters! Steve: Okay! Now the room, and everything in it, is way too hot for the liquid nitrogen to stay as a liquid. As soon as the liquid nitrogen touches anything in the room, it boils and changes into a gas.

370

Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) nitrogen trailers propane tanks  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is the evaluation and authorization of the onsite transport of propane tanks that are mounted on the Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation Characterization Project`s nitrogen trailers. This SEP authorizes onsite transport of the nitrogen trailers, including the propane tanks, until May 31, 1998. The three nitrogen trailers (HO-64-4966, HO-64-4968, and HO-64-5170) are rated for 1,361 kg (30,000 lb) and are equipped with tandem axles and pintel hitches. Permanently mounted on each trailer is a 5,678 L (1,500 gal) cryogenic dewar that is filled with nitrogen, and a propane fired water bath vaporizer system, and a 454 L (1 20 gal) propane tank. The nitrogen trailer system is operated only when it is disconnected from the tow vehicle and is leveled and stabilized. When the trailers are transported, the propane tanks are isolated via closed supply valves.

Ferrell, P.C.

1998-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

Process for separating nitrogen from methane using microchannel process technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed invention relates to a process for separating methane or nitrogen from a fluid mixture comprising methane and nitrogen, the process comprising: (A) flowing the fluid mixture into a microchannel separator, the microchannel separator comprising a plurality of process microchannels containing a sorption medium, the fluid mixture being maintained in the microchannel separator until at least part of the methane or nitrogen is sorbed by the sorption medium, and removing non-sorbed parts of the fluid mixture from the microchannel separator; and (B) desorbing the methane or nitrogen from the sorption medium and removing the desorbed methane or nitrogen from the microchannel separator. The process is suitable for upgrading methane from coal mines, landfills, and other sub-quality sources.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Marysville, OH); Qiu, Dongming (Dublin, OH); Dritz, Terence Andrew (Worthington, OH); Neagle, Paul (Westerville, OH); Litt, Robert Dwayne (Westerville, OH); Arora, Ravi (Dublin, OH); Lamont, Michael Jay (Hilliard, OH); Pagnotto, Kristina M. (Cincinnati, OH)

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

372

Effects of soil substrate and nitrogen fertilizer on biomass production of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of soil substrate and nitrogen fertilizer on biomass production of Acacia senegal;Effects of soil substrate and nitrogen fertilizer on biomass production of Acacia senegal and Acacia, biomass allocation, fertilizer, growth rate, nitrogen, soil substrate Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet

373

5-Axis Freeform Surface Milling using Piecewise Ruled Surface Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a 5-axis side milling scheme for freeform surfaces based on automatic piecewise ruled surface approximation. With this scheme, resulting surface finish is accurate and pleasing, and has a smaller scallop height compared to ball-end milling. The ruled surface approximation can be made arbitrarily precise resulting in an overall fast milling operation that satisfies tight tolerances, and smoother surface finish. The class of surfaces that can take advantage of this type of 5-axis milling operation includes both convex and saddle-like (hyperbolic) shapes. 1 Introduction The automatic toolpath generation for manufacturing of models consisting of freeform surfaces is a difficult problem addressed by numerous researchers [Bob85, Choi89, Choi93, Chou89, Elb93, Elb94, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86]. 3-axis machining [Bob85, Choi89, Fers86, Jera91, Lone87, Sait91, Spen90, Zhan86] is more frequently used than 4- or 5-axis machining modes. While deri...

Gershon Elber; Russ Fish

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Phenomenology of the Higgs Effective Lagrangian via FeynRules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Higgs discovery and the lack of any other hint for new physics favor a description of non-standard Higgs physics in terms of an effective field theory. We present an implementation of a general Higgs effective Lagrangian containing operators up to dimension six in the framework of FeynRules and provide details on the translation between the mass and interaction bases, in particular for three- and four-point interaction vertices involving Higgs and gauge bosons. We illustrate the strengths of this implementation by using the UFO interface of FeynRules capable to generate model files that can be understood by the MadGraph 5 event generator and that have the specificity to contain all interaction vertices, without any restriction on the number of external legs or on the complexity of the Lorentz structures. We then investigate several new physics effects in total rates and differential distributions for different Higgs production modes, including gluon fusion, associated production with a gauge boson and di-Higgs production. We finally study contact interactions of gauge and Higgs bosons to fermions.

Adam Alloul; Benjamin Fuks; Veronica Sanz

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

375

Phenomenology of the Higgs Effective Lagrangian via FeynRules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Higgs discovery and the lack of any other hint for new physics favor a description of non-standard Higgs physics in terms of an effective field theory. We present an implementation of a general Higgs effective Lagrangian containing operators up to dimension six in the framework of FeynRules and provide details on the translation between the mass and interaction bases, in particular for three- and four-point interaction vertices involving Higgs and gauge bosons. We illustrate the strengths of this implementation by using the UFO interface of FeynRules capable to generate model files that can be understood by the MadGraph 5 event generator and that have the specificity to contain all interaction vertices, without any restriction on the number of external legs or on the complexity of the Lorentz structures. We then investigate several new physics effects in total rates and differential distributions for different Higgs production modes, including gluon fusion, associated production with a gauge boson and di-...

Alloul, Adam; Sanz, Veronica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Planning Tools For Seismic Risk Mitigation. Rules And Applications  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Italian urban planning research in the field of seismic risk mitigation are renewing. In particular, it promotes strategies that integrate urban rehabilitation and aseismic objectives, and also politicizes that are directed to revitalizes urban systems, coupling physical renewal and socio-economic development.In Italy the first law concerning planning for seismic mitigation dates back 1974, the law n. 64 'Regulation for buildings with particular rules for the seismic areas' where the rules for buildings in seismic areas concerning also the local hazard. This law, in fact, forced the municipalities to acquire, during the formation of the plans, a preventive opinion of compatibility between planning conditions and geomorphology conditions of the territory. From this date the conviction that the seismic risk must be considered inside the territorial planning especially in terms of strategies of mitigation has been strengthened.The town planners have started to take an interest in seismic risk in the [80]s when the Irpinia's earthquake took place. The researches developed after this earthquake have established that the principal cause of the collapse of buildings are due to from the wrong location of urban settlements (on slopes or crowns) After Irpinia's earthquake the first researches on seismic risk mitigation, in particular on the aspects related to the hazards and to the urban vulnerability were made.

De Paoli, Rosa Grazia [Department of Landscape Planning, Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

377

DATING: A computer code for determining allowable temperatures for dry storage of spent fuel in inert and nitrogen gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DATING (Determining Allowable Temperatures in Inert and Nitrogen Gases) code can be used to calculate allowable initial temperatures for dry storage of light-water-reactor spent fuel. The calculations are based on the life fraction rule using both measured data and mechanistic equations as reported by Chin et al. (1986). The code is written in FORTRAN and utilizes an efficient numerical integration method for rapid calculations on IBM-compatible personal computers. This report documents the technical basis for the DATING calculations, describes the computational method and code statements, and includes a user's guide with examples. The software for the DATING code is available through the National Energy Software Center operated by Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439. 5 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Simonen, E.P.; Gilbert, E.R.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

This Market Rule number is located on the Current Market Rule Amendment web page. Date Relevant Amendment Submission, Proposed or Recommended Rule Amendment Posted for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Provide your comments. Safety Power Inc. is a newly established company focused on the development of a strategic business opportunity involving the aggregation of standby generators in the Province of Ontario. The purpose of which is to provide a dispatchable generation asset base for use during peak periods. PowerStream Inc. and Safety Power Inc. have recently partnered to implement a "Pilot Project " within PowerStream's service area involving the use of a 1MW standby generator. The Project is expected to be operational this summer. We believe that the Safety Power Program is a viable solution to addressing the increasing power supply issues like those being experienced in the York Region. Furthermore, it is our strong belief that some form of realistic pricing compensation needs to be in place in order to provide the proper incentives to encourage investment in DR and peaking generation. This incentive can be in the form of "scarcity pricing " on the HOEP or some form of capacity payment made to companies like Safety Power. Safety Power Inc. is formally submitting these comments in support of the IESO's proposed rule ammendment and wish to congratulate you on your efforts to mitigate the counterintuitive impact on electricity pricing during "emergency " situations. PART 4 EXTERNAL CONSULTATION MEETING

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Nitrogen-Doped Graphitic Nanoribbons: Synthesis, Characterization and Transport  

SciTech Connect

Nitrogen-doped graphitic nanoribbons (Nx-GNRs), synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using pyrazine as a nitrogen precursor, are reported for the first time. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) reveal that the synthesized materials are formed by multi-layered corrugated graphitic nanoribbons (GNRs) which in most cases exhibit the formation of curved graphene edges (loops). This suggests that during growth, nitrogen atoms promote loop formation; undoped GNRs do not form loops at their edges. Transport measurements on individual pure carbon GNRs exhibit a linear I-V (current-voltage) behavior, whereas Nx-GNRs show reduced current responses following a semiconducting-like behavior, which becomes more prominent for high nitrogen concentrations. To better understand the experimental findings, electron density of states (DOS), quantum conductance for nitrogen doped zigzag and armchair single-layer GNRs are calculated for different N doping concentrations using Density Functional Theory (DFT) and non-equilibrium Green functions. These calculations confirm the crucial role of nitrogen atoms in the transport properties, confirming that the nonlinear I-V curves are due to the presence of nitrogen atoms within the Nx-GNRs lattice that act as scattering sites. These characteristic Nx-GNRs transport could be advantageous in the fabrication of electronic devices including sensors in which metal-like undoped GNRs are unsuitable.

Jia, Xiaoting [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Dresselhaus, M [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Cruz Silva, Eduardo [ORNL; Munoz-Sandoval, E [Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (CNM, CSIC); Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Terrones Maldonado, Humberto [ORNL; Terrones Maldonado, Humberto [ORNL; Lopez, Florentino [IPICyT

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Case study: Improving debt collection processes using rule-based decision engines: A case study of Capital One  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case assesses the plethora of issues related to rule-based decision engine technology, and in particular, its role in complex and dynamic organizational processes. This paper argues rule-based engines can effectively be implemented for good organizational ... Keywords: Capital One, Debt collection, Project Edison, Rule-based decision, Rule-based engine

Amita Goyal Chin; Hiren Kotak

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Removal of sulfur and nitrogen containing pollutants from discharge gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Oxides of sulfur and of nitrogen are removed from waste gases by reaction with an unsupported copper oxide powder to form copper sulfate. The resulting copper sulfate is dissolved in water to effect separation from insoluble mineral ash and dried to form solid copper sulfate pentahydrate. This solid sulfate is thermally decomposed to finely divided copper oxide powder with high specific surface area. The copper oxide powder is recycled into contact with the waste gases requiring cleanup. A reducing gas can be introduced to convert the oxide of nitrogen pollutants to nitrogen.

Joubert, James I. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the results of our investigations on the potential use of nitrogen trifluoride as the fluorinating and oxidizing agent in fluoride volatility-based used nuclear fuel reprocessing. The conceptual process uses differences in reaction temperatures between nitrogen trifluoride and fuel constituents that produce volatile fluorides to achieve separations and recover valuable constituents. We provide results from our thermodynamic evaluations, thermo-analytical experiments, kinetic models, and provide a preliminary process flowsheet. The evaluations found that nitrogen trifluoride can effectively produce volatile fluorides at different temperatures dependent on the fuel constituent.

McNamara, Bruce K.; Scheele, Randall D.; Casella, Andrew M.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

383

Effect of Temperature on NOx Reduction by Nitrogen Atom Injection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chemical reduction of NO{sub x} can be accomplished by injection of nitrogen atoms into the diesel engine exhaust stream. The nitrogen atoms can be generated from a separate stream of pure N{sub 2} by means of plasma jets or non-thermal plasma reactors. This paper examines the effect of exhaust temperature on the NO{sub x} reduction efficiency that can be achieved by nitrogen atom injection. It is shown that to achieve a high NO{sub x} reduction efficiency at a reasonable power consumption penalty, the exhaust temperature needs to be 100 C or less.

Penetrante, B

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications  

SciTech Connect

Nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) is obtained by exposing graphene to nitrogen plasma. N-graphene exhibits much higher electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen reduction and H2O2 reduction than graphene, and much higher durability and selectivity than the widely-used expensive Pt. The excellent electrochemical performance of N-graphene is attributed to nitrogen functional groups and the specific properties of graphene. This indicates that N-graphene is promising for applications in electrochemical energy devices (fuel cells, metal-air batteries) and biosensors.

Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Sheng; Engelhard, Mark H.; Li, Guosheng; Shao, Guocheng; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun; Aksay, Ilhan A.; Lin, Yuehe

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

385

Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule; Delay of Effective Date (66 FR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule; Delay of Effective Date (66 Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule; Delay of Effective Date (66 FR 8746), Fed Reg, 2/2/01 Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule; Delay of Effective Date (66 FR 8746), Fed Reg, 2/2/01 Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule; Delay of Effective Date (66 FR 8746), Fed Reg, 2/2/01 In accordance with the memorandum of January 20, 2001, from the Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, entitled ''Regulatory Review Plan,'' published in the Federal Register on January 24, 2001 (66 FR 7702), this action temporarily delays for 60 days the effective date of the rule entitled ''Alternate Fuel Transportation Program; Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit'' published in the Federal Register on January 11, 2001 (66 FR 2207). DATES: The effective date of the rule amending 10 CFR part 490

386

DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information May 5, 2011 - 4:55pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announced that it has issued a new rule standardizing how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business information. The new rule will give applicants greater assurance that their confidential business information will not be inadvertently disclosed, while enabling the Department to respond more quickly to Freedom of Information Act requests. Until now, different DOE programs have had different rules for how to submit such information. In order to make the process more efficient, the

387

Application of American and French rules for the next Belgian PWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The licensing practice in Belgium is evolving from the precedent compliance with the USNRC rules (as applied to the 4 last Belgian PWRs) to a more sophisticated approach applied to the next Belgian PWR (N8), which incorporates a mixed compliance with the USNRC or with French rules, depending on the equipment, the structure or the system considered. In this paper is presented the approach concerning the licensing rules applicable to N8. The following aspects are covered: rules applicable to the NSSS, rules applicable to the BOP (codes of design for systems and structures), rules applicable to the equipment (code of construction for mechanical and electrical components), and impact on the lay-out of the plant. Some examples of application of the methodology are given.

Roch, M.; Cavaco, A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information March 8, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis The Department of Energy today proposed to revise its rules to standardize how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business information. Currently, different DOE programs have different rules for how to submit such information. The confusion caused has made it difficult for the Department to respond promptly to Freedom of Information Act requests while meeting its obligations to protect confidential information. The proposed rules, modeled on procedures used by the Department's Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing program, establish a standard practice asking

389

57 Fed Reg 15122: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

57 Fed Reg 15122: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule 57 Fed Reg 15122: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule 57 Fed Reg 15122: DOE NEPA Implementing Procedures-Final Rule The Department of Energy (DOE) is revising the existing rule at 10 CFR part 1021, titled "Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act," to incorporate revised provisions of DOE's Guidelines for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). DOE is also revoking its existing NEPA guidelines. This rule incorporates changes required by certain policy initiatives instituted by the Secretary of Energy to facilitate participation of the public and affected states in the NEPA process for proposed DOE actions. The rule also includes a revised and expanded list of typical classes of actions, including categorical

390

EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 EPA Final Ground Water Rule Available Online, 3/07 On November 8, 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final Ground Water Rule (GWR) to promote increased protection against microbial pathogens that may be present in public water systems (PWSs) that use ground water sources for their supply (these systems are known as ground water systems). This Rule establishes a risk-targeted approach to focus on ground water systems that are susceptible to fecal contamination, and requires ground water systems that are at risk of fecal contamination to take corrective action. A minor correction to the final Rule was published on November 21, 2006 (71 FR 67427). The GWR applies to all PWSs2 that use ground water

391

It's Elemental - Isotopes of the Element Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Carbon Previous Element (Carbon) The Periodic Table of Elements Next Element (Oxygen) Oxygen Isotopes of the Element Nitrogen [Click for Main Data] Most of the isotope data on this site has been obtained from the National Nuclear Data Center. Please visit their site for more information. Naturally Occurring Isotopes Mass Number Natural Abundance Half-life 14 99.636% STABLE 15 0.364% STABLE Known Isotopes Mass Number Half-life Decay Mode Branching Percentage 10 No Data Available Proton Emission 100.00% 11 5.49×10-22 seconds Proton Emission 100.00% 12 11.000 milliseconds Electron Capture 100.00% 13 9.965 minutes Electron Capture 100.00% 14 STABLE - - 15 STABLE - - 16 7.13 seconds Beta-minus Decay 100.00% Beta-minus Decay with delayed Alpha Decay 1.2×10-3 % 17 4.173 seconds Beta-minus Decay 100.00%

392

Nitrogen oxide abatement by distributed fuel addition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research reported here is concerned with the application of secondary fuel addition, otherwise known as reburning, as a means of NO{sub x} destruction downstream of the primary flame zone in boilers. This paper consists of two parts: First, results from a statistically correct design of parametric experiments on a laboratory coal combustor are presented. These allow the effects of the most important variables to be isolated and identified. Second, mechanisms governing the inter-conversion and destruction of nitrogenous species in the fuel rich reburning zone of a laboratory coal combustor were explored, using fundamental kinetic arguments. The objective here was to extract models, which can be used to estimate reburning effectiveness in other, more practical combustion configurations. Emphasis is on the use of natural gas as the reburning fuel for a pulverized coal primary flame. Then, reburning mechanisms occur in two regimes; one in which fast reactions between NO and hydrocarbons are usually limited by mixing; the other in which reactions have slowed and in which known gas phase chemistry controls. For the latter regime, a simplified model based on detailed gas phase chemical kinetic mechanisms and known rate coefficients was able to predict temporal profiles of NO, NH{sub 3} and HCN. Reactions with hydrocarbons played important roles in both regimes and the Fenimore N{sub 2} fixation reactions limited reburning effectiveness at low primary NO values.

Wendt, J.O.L.; Mereb, J.B.

1990-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

393

Final Rule for Nuclear Safety Management (10 CFR Part 830)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

717 717 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 74 / Tuesday, April 17, 2001 / Rules and Regulations engineering and cost analyses because the results showed that the two blowing agent alternatives can be used to achieve similar performance for similar costs to HFC-245fa. DOE estimates are reasonable and address the concern of the Department of Justice to provide more than one choice of insulation blowing agent with comparable performance and at approximately the same cost. Based on the analysis of the three different types of blowing agents, HFC- 245fa-, pentane/cyclopentane- and HFC-134a, DOE concluded that water heater manufacturers will have several choices to reach the standard, including blends of these blowing agents, and therefore, will not have to rely on a sole source supplier.

394

Sum Rules for Nucleon GPDs and Border Function Formulation  

SciTech Connect

Recently developed new approach to model nucleon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) H and E is based on two types of their representation in terms of double distributions. Within this approach, we re-consider the derivation of GPD sum rules that allow to use border functions H(x,x) and E(x,x) instead of full GPDs H(x,\\xi) and E(x,\\xi) in the integrals producing Compton form factors of deeply virtual Compton scattering. Using factorized DD Ansatz to model GPDs, we discuss the relation between the border functions and underlying parton densities. We found that substantial contribution to H(x,x) border function comes from the extra term required by new DD representations and related to E(x,\\xi) GPD.

Radyushkin, Anatoly V. [JLAB, Old Dominion U., JINR

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Violation of Angular Momentum Selection Rules in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple consequence of the angular momentum conservation in quantum field theories is that the interference of s-channel amplitudes exchanging particles with different spin J vanishes after complete angular integration. We show that, while this rule holds in scattering processes mediated by a massive graviton in Quantum Gravity, a massless graviton s-channel exchange breaks orthogonality when considering its interference with a scalar-particle s-channel exchange, whenever all the external states are massive. As a consequence, we find that, in the Einstein theory, unitarity implies that angular momentum is not conserved at quantum level in the graviton coupling to massive matter fields. This result can be interpreted as a new anomaly, revealing unknown aspects of the well-known van Dam - Veltman - Zakharov discontinuity.

Anindya Datta; Emidio Gabrielli; Barbara Mele

2003-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

396

Federal Acquisition Regulation Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-62 Summary of Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Summary of Rules 2 Summary of Rules Item Subject FAR Case I. Updates to Contract Reporting and Central 2010-014 Contractor Registration II. Interagency Acquisitions: Compliance by Nondefense 2012-010 Agencies with Defense Procurement Requirements. III. Free Trade Agreement-Panama 2012-027 Item I-- Updates to Contract Reporting and Central Contractor Registration (FAR Case 2010-014) This final rule amends the FAR to limit the use of generic substitutes instead of Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) numbers, and update the policies and procedures associated with reporting in the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS). Additionally, this final rule changes the clauses requiring contractor registration in the Central Contractor

397

Microsoft PowerPoint - Rules.ppt [Read-Only] [Compatibility Mode...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effi i P li R l Energy Efficiency Policy Rules: Options and Alternatives for Illinois Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Chuck Goldman (LBNL) & Rich Sedano (RAP) ICC Staff Workshop Chicago...

398

Sensor-based navigation of a mobile robot using automatically constructed fuzzy rules  

SciTech Connect

A system for automatic generation of fuzzy rules is proposed which is based on a new approach, called ``Fuzzy Behaviorist,`` and on its associated formalism for rule base development in behavior-based robot control systems. The automated generator of fuzzy rules automatically constructs the set of rules and the associated membership functions that implement reasoning schemes that have been expressed in qualitative terms. The system also checks for completeness of the rule base and independence and/or redundancy of the rules to ensure that the requirements of the formalism are satisfied. Examples of the automatic generation of fuzzy rules for cases involving suppression and/or inhibition of fuzzy behaviors are given and discussed. Experimental results obtained with the automated fuzzy rule generator applied to the domain of sensor-based navigation in a priori unknown environments using one of our autonomous test-bed robots are then presented and discussed to illustrate the feasibility of large-scale automatic fuzzy rule generation using our proposed ``Fuzzy Behaviorist`` approach.

Watanabe, Y.; Pin, F.G.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Enforcement of 10 CFR Part 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule) fo  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND INVESTIGATION SUBJECT: Enforcement Guidance Supplement 99-01: Enforcement of 10 CFR Part 830.120 (Quality Assurance Rule) for Facilities Below Hazard Category III Section...

400

The nitrogen cycle and ecohydrology of seasonally dry grasslands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the coupling of hydrologic and biogeochemical processes and, specifically, the organization of ecosystem traits with the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles. Observations from a factorial irrigation- ...

Parolari, Anthony Joseph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - The Flying Ring!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery! Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery! Previous Video (Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Pewter Bells) Pewter Bells The Flying Ring! A copper ring leaps off an electromagnet when it's turned on. What happens when the ring's resistance is lowered using liquid nitrogen? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is an AC powered electromagnet. And this is a copper ring. When I place the copper ring on the electromagnet and turn it on, the magnet's changing magnetic field will induce an electric current in the copper ring. The current in the ring will then create it's own magnetic

402

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Let's Pour Liquid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shattering Flowers! Shattering Flowers! Previous Video (Shattering Flowers!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Giant Koosh Ball!) Giant Koosh Ball! Let's Pour Liquid Nitrogen on the Floor! Liquid nitrogen?! On the floor?! Who's going to clean that mess up?! See what really happens when one of the world's most beloved cryogenic liquids comes into contact with a room temperature floor. [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: From time to time, we spill a little liquid nitrogen! The reaction we sometimes get is.... Shannon: Did they just pour LIQUID NITROGEN on the FLOOR?!?! Joanna: Yes. Yes we did. Steve: One thing people seem to have a problem with is the mess that liquid

403

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations apply to stationary sources with the potential to emit 50 tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) per year from all pollutant-emitting equipment or activities. The regulations describe possibilities for exemptions (i.e., for sources which have the potential to emit 50 tons but do not actually reach that level) and Reasonably Available Control

404

Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen trifluoride (NF[subscript 3]) has potential to make a growing contribution to the Earths radiative budget; however, our understanding of its atmospheric burden and emission rates has been limited. Based on a ...

Ivy, Diane J.

405

Effects of atmospheric inorganic nitrogen deposition on ocean biogeochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to decadal global forcing for ocean and sea-ice models: Theorganic nitrogen to the oceans, Nature, 376, 243 246.trace species to the world ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles,

Krishnamurthy, Aparna; Moore, J. Keith; Zender, Charles S; Luo, Chao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The relationship between iron and nitrogen fixation in Trichodesmium spp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trichodesmium spp. are considered the dominant nitrogen (N) fixing cyanobacteria in tropical and subtropical oceans, regimes frequently characterized by low iron (Fe). Limited information exists about what levels of Fe ...

Chappell, Phoebe Dreux

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Evolution of Nitrogen Oxide Chemistry in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nocturnal cycle of nitrogen oxides in the atmospheric boundary layer is studied by means of a one-dimensional model. The model solves the conservation equations of momentum, entropy, total water content, and of five chemical species. The ...

S. Galmarini; P. G. Duynkerke; J. Vil-Guerau de Arellano

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Land Use and Reactive Nitrogen Discharge: Effects of Dietary Choices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern agriculture alters natural biological and geophysical processes, with magnitudes proportional to its spatial extent. Cultivation is also the main cause of artificially enhanced reactive nitrogen (Nr) availability in natural ecosystems. ...

Gidon Eshel; Pamela A. Martin; Esther E. Bowen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Membrane-augmented cryogenic methane/nitrogen separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process combined with a cryogenic separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane, nitrogen and at least one other component. The membrane separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and the other component and rejecting nitrogen. The process is particularly useful in removing components such as water, carbon dioxide or C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons that might otherwise freeze and plug the cryogenic equipment.

Lokhandwala, Kaaeid (Menlo Park, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Membrane-augmented cryogenic methane/nitrogen separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane separation process is described which is combined with a cryogenic separation process for treating a gas stream containing methane, nitrogen and at least one other component. The membrane separation process works by preferentially permeating methane and the other component and rejecting nitrogen. The process is particularly useful in removing components such as water, carbon dioxide or C{sub +2} hydrocarbons that might otherwise freeze and plug the cryogenic equipment. 10 figs.

Lokhandwala, K.

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Evaluation of rule effectiveness and positive predictive value of clinical rules in a Dutch clinical decision support system in daily hospital pharmacy practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Introduction: Our advanced clinical decision support (CDS) system, entitled 'adverse drug event alerting system' (ADEAS), is in daily use in our hospital pharmacy. It is used by hospital pharmacists to select patients at risk of possible adverse drug ... Keywords: Adverse drug events, Clinical decision support systems, Clinical pharmacy services, Clinical rules, Evaluation studies, Hospital pharmacy services, Medication safety, Positive predictive value, Rule effectiveness, University hospitals

Mirjam K. Rommers, Julitte Zwaveling, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Irene M. Teepe-Twiss

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

State Regulations on Airborne Emissions: Update Through 2006 (Update) (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In May 2005, the EPA published two final rules aimed at reducing emissions from coal-fired power plants. CAIR [51] requires 28 States and the District of Columbia to reduce emissions of SO2 and/or NOx. CAMR [52] requires the States to reduce emissions of mercury from new and existing coal-fired plants.

Information Center

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

413

Analysis of traffic accident severity using Decision Rules via Decision Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Decision Tree (DT) is a potential method for studying traffic accident severity. One of its main advantages is that Decision Rules (DRs) can be extracted from its structure. And these DRs can be used to identify safety problems and establish certain ... Keywords: Decision Rules, Decision Trees, Road safety, Severity, Traffic accident

JoaquN AbellN, Griselda LPez, Juan De OA

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Marking the Close analysis in Thai Bond Market Surveillance using association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the opportunity of employing data mining techniques as a supplement to traditional techniques, such as economic modeling, to detect misconduct in the Thai Bond Market. In the study, association rules are used to detect ''Mark ... Keywords: Association rules, Bond Market Surveillance system, Data mining, Mark the Close analysis, e-Administration

Janjao Mongkolnavin; Sunti Tirapat

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs: Application of Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a Bayesian Network (BN) is utilized for developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs which is mainly aimed to control floods and supply irrigation needs. BN is trained and verified using the results of a reservoir ... Keywords: Bayesian Networks (BNs), Long-term and short-term operation optimization, Reservoir operating rules, Varying chromosome Length Genetic Algorithm (VLGA)

Bahram Malekmohammadi; Reza Kerachian; Banafsheh Zahraie

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Dual-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm for Rules Extraction in Data Mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a dual-objective evolutionary algorithm (DOEA) for extracting multiple decision rule lists in data mining, which aims at satisfying the classification criteria of high accuracy and ease of user comprehension. Unlike existing approaches, ... Keywords: classification, data mining, evolutionary algorithm, rules extraction

K. C. Tan; Q. Yu; J. H. Ang

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Functional brain image classification using association rules defined over discriminant regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This letter shows a novel computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The proposed method evaluates the reliability of association rules (ARs) aiming to discover interesting associations between attributes ... Keywords: Alzheimer's Disease, Association rules, Fisher Discriminant Ratio, Functional brain imaging

R. Chaves; J. RamRez; J. M. GRriz; I. A. IllN

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Solving the problem of inadequate scoring rules for assessing probabilistic football forecast models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving the problem of inadequate scoring rules for assessing probabilistic football forecast forecasting models, and the relative simplicity of the outcome of such forecasts (they require only three their forecast accuracy. Moreover, the various scoring rules used for validation in previous studies

Fenton, Norman

419

CSMC: A combination strategy for multi-class classification based on multiple association rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constructing accurate classifier based on association rules is an important and challenging task in data mining and knowledge discovery. In this paper, a novel combination strategy for multi-class classification (CSMC) based on multiple rules is proposed. ... Keywords: Associative classification, Basic probability assignment, Combination strategy, Evidence theory, Evidence weight

Ye-Zheng Liu; Yuan-Chun Jiang; Xiao Liu; Shan-Lin Yang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Remix and play: lessons from rule variants in texas hold'em and halo 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Players can change the rules of a multi-person game to experience a different gameplay mechanic, add thematic color, or fine-tune its balance. To better understand game variants, we use a grounded approach to analyze 62 variants for Texas Hold'em, a ... Keywords: customization, game design, halo, honor rules, poker, variants

Gifford Cheung; Jeff Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fusion reactor design studies: standard unit costs and cost scaling rules  

SciTech Connect

This report establishes standard unit costs and scaling rules for estimating costs of material, equipment, land, and labor components used in magnetic confinement fusion reactor plant construction and operation. Use of the standard unit costs and scaling rules will add uniformity to cost estimates, and thus allow valid comparison of the economic characteristics of various reactor concepts.

Schulte, S.C.; Bickford, W.E.; Willingham, C.E.; Ghose, S.K.; Walker, M.G.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A systematic fuzzy rule based approach for fault classification in transmission lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a new approach for fault classification in transmission line using a systematic fuzzy rule based approach. Fault classification is one of the important requirements in distance relaying for identifying the accurate phases involved ... Keywords: DT-fuzzy rule base, Decision Tree, Distance relaying, Fault classification, Heuristic fuzzy system, S-transform, Wavelet transform

S. R. Samantaray

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Rules of the Road for Users of Smithsonian Computers and Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rules of the Road for Users of Smithsonian Computers and Networks Introduction Smithsonian systems, networks and other computer resources are shared among Smithsonian employees, interns, visiting scholars the Internet. The Rules of the Road are intended to help you use the Smithsonian's computing and network

Mathis, Wayne N.

424

State Regulations on Airborne Emissions: Update Through 2007 (Update) (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

States are moving forward with implementation plans for the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) [42]. The program, promulgated by the EPA in March 2005, is a cap-and-trade system designed to reduce emissions of SO2 and NOx. States originally had until March 2007 to submit implementation plans, but the deadline has been extended by another year. CAIR covers 28 eastern States and the District of Columbia. States have the option to participate in the cap-andtrade plan or devise their own plans, which can be more stringent than the Federal requirements. To date, no State has indicated an intent to form NOx and SO2 programs with emissions limits stricter than those in CAIR, and it is expected that all States will participate in the EPA-administered cap-and-trade program. CAIR remains on schedule for implementation, and AEO2008 includes CAIR by assuming that all required States will meet only the Federal requirement and will trade credits.

Information Center

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

425

Federal Acquisition Regulation Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-70 Summary of Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Summary of Rules 0 Summary of Rules Item Subject FAR Case I Pilot Program for Enhancement of Contractor Employee Whistleblower Protections 2013-015 II Allowability of Legal Costs for Whistleblower Proceedings 2012-017 Item I- Pilot Program for Enhancement of Contractor Employee Whistleblower Protections (FAR Case 2013-015) This interim rule amends the FAR to implement a four-year pilot program to enhance the existing whistleblower protections for contractor employees at subpart 3.9. In accordance with FAR 1.108(d)(3), contracting officers are encouraged to include the changes in these rules in major modifications to contracts and orders awarded prior to the effective date of this interim rule. The pilot program is mandated by section 828, entitled "Pilot Program for Enhancement of

426

Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions Historic Energy Efficiency Rules Would Save Consumers Money and Cut Carbon Emissions August 29, 2013 - 4:08pm Addthis If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers and freezers proposed by the Energy Department could cut energy bills by up to $24 billion over 30 years. | Photo by Lynn Billman, NREL. If accepted, a new energy efficiency rule on walk-in coolers and freezers proposed by the Energy Department could cut energy bills by up to $24 billion over 30 years. | Photo by Lynn Billman, NREL. Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Learn more Read President Obama's Climate Action Plan. Explore Energy.gov's fuel economy resources, including gas mileage

427

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources The General Rules have been adopted by the Oil and Gas Commission in accordance with applicable state law requirements and are General Rules of state-wide application, applying to the conservation and prevention of waste of crude oil and natural gas in the State of Arkansas and protection

428

Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007 Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007 Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007 Rules of engagement (ROE) provide for control of an exercise while allowing maximum free play in a tactical setting and enable evaluators to objectively monitor a participant's performance. Use of engagement simulation systems (ESSs) promotes realistic simulation of real-world response actions, which is vital to performance testing and evaluation. ROE govern the activities of all players (participants, controllers, and evaluators) throughout the exercise period, regardless of the organization, the identified training or evaluation objectives, or the particular scenario. Rules of Engagement for Exercise Players, March 12, 2007 More Documents & Publications

429

DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities DOE Issues Landmark Rule for Risk Insurance for Advanced Nuclear Facilities May 8, 2006 - 10:36am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued on Saturday, the interim final rule required by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT) for risk insurance to facilitate construction of new advanced nuclear power facilities. The rule establishes the requirements for risk insurance to cover costs associated with certain regulatory or litigation-related delays in the start-up of new nuclear power plants. The resurgence of nuclear power is a key component of President Bush's Advanced Energy Initiative. The Standby Support provisions of EPACT (section 638), also referred to as federal risk insurance, authorize the Secretary of Energy to enter into

430

Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Local Wind Application Filing Requirements '''Permitting Rules''' In September 2009, the Governor of Wisconsin signed S.B. 185 (Act 40) directing the Wisconsin Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish statewide wind energy siting rules. [http://psc.wi.gov/ PSC Docket 1-AC-231] was created to conduct the rulemaking, requiring the PSC to convene an advisory council composed of various interested stakeholders

431

Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money Mississippi Adopts New Rules to Save Energy, Money November 8, 2013 - 11:59am Addthis The Jackson County Welcome Center in Moss Point, Mississippi. The Mississippi Public Service Commission has approved new rules that will help provide utility customers several pathways to increase energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of Energy and Natural Resources Division, Mississippi Development Authority The Jackson County Welcome Center in Moss Point, Mississippi. The Mississippi Public Service Commission has approved new rules that will help provide utility customers several pathways to increase energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of Energy and Natural Resources Division, Mississippi Development Authority Mona Khalil

432

Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings NRDC's comments on Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings Comments of NRDC on Department of Energy Interim Final Rule: Energy Conservation for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings and New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings

433

Proposed rule: re-opening of public comment period | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed rule: re-opening of public comment period Proposed rule: re-opening of public comment period Proposed rule: re-opening of public comment period Proposed rule: re-opening of public comment period. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is re-opening the public comment period for proposed amendments to its regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), made available for public comment on January 3, 2011 (76 FR 214). This is being done in response to a request on behalf of multiple organizations CX rulemaking files More Documents & Publications Public Comment Received on Proposed Revisions to DOE's NEPA Rule: 10 CFR Part 1021 Federal Register Notice: National Nuclear Security Administration Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico

434

Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule amending 10 CFR Part 830 (66 FR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management, Final Rule amending 10 CFR Part 830 (66 Management, Final Rule amending 10 CFR Part 830 (66 FR 1810), Federal Register (Fed Reg), 1/10/2001 Nuclear Safety Management, Final Rule amending 10 CFR Part 830 (66 FR 1810), Federal Register (Fed Reg), 1/10/2001 SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) adopts, with minor changes, the interim final rule published on October 10, 2000, to amend the DOE Nuclear Safety Management regulations. EFFECTIVE DATE: This final rule is effective on February 9, 2001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Richard Black, Director, Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy, 270CC, Department of Energy, 19901 Germantown Road, Germantown, MD 20874; telephone: 301-903-3465; email: Richard.Black@eh.doe.gov SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Introduction and Summary On October 10, 2000, the Department of Energy (DOE) published an

435

Using Partial Differencing for Efficient Monitoring of Deferred Complex Rule Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a difference calculus for determining changes to rule conditions in an active DBMS. The calculus has been used for implementing an algorithm to efficiently monitor rules with complex conditions. The calculus is based on partial differencing of queries derived from rule conditions. For each rule condition several partially differentiated queries are generated that each considers changes to a single base relation or view that the condition depends on. The calculus considers both insertions and deletions. The algorithm is optimized for deferred rule condition monitoring in transactions with few updates. The calculus allows us to optimize both space and time. Space optimization is achieved since the calculus and the algorithm does not presuppose materialization of monitored conditions to find its previous state. This is achieved by using a breadth-first, bottom-up propagation algorithm and by calculating previous states by doing a logical rollback. Time optimization is ...

Martin Skld; Tore Risch

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Experimenting with Infrastructures Bjorn Stahl Luong Le Thanh Raphael Caire Rune Gustavsson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the sup- port of a very wide range of industrial SCADA protocols. The communication between the supervisor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

Solar system tests do not rule out 1/R gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that Solar system tests do not rule out 1/R gravity at least due to the reason addressed in Phys. Rev. D 74 (2006) 121501 [astro-ph/0610483] (ref. [1]) and subsequent published papers. Ref. [1] has not only modified the Einstein-Hilbert action but also has changed the boundary conditions since they altered the equations of motion. In Einstein-Hilbert action equations are second order, so the fall off of the fields suffices to single out a unique solution. In 1/R gravity the equations are fourth order, so we should impose additional boundary conditions. Perhaps the boundary condition we must impose is that the abrupt change in the second derivative of the metric near the surface of the Sun remains intact by adding `1/R' corrections to the equations of motion. The solution of 1/R gravity with this boundary condition remains consistent with the solar system tests. Ref. [1] assumes that as soon as they perturbatively modified the equations then the Ricci scalar becomes smooth on the surface of the Sun. This assumption is simply wrong because the boundary conditions and equations of motions are two different entities.

Qasem Exirifard

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

QCD sum rule determination of the charm-quark mass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

QCD sum rules involving mixed inverse moment integration kernels are used in order to determine the running charm-quark mass in the MS scheme. Both the high and the low energy expansion of the vector current correlator are involved in this determination. The optimal integration kernel turns out to be of the form p(s)=1-(s{sub 0}/s){sup 2}, where s{sub 0} is the onset of perturbative QCD. This kernel enhances the contribution of the well known narrow resonances, and reduces the impact of the data in the range s{approx_equal}20-25 GeV{sup 2}. This feature leads to a substantial reduction in the sensitivity of the results to changes in s{sub 0}, as well as to a much reduced impact of the experimental uncertainties in the higher resonance region. The value obtained for the charm-quark mass in the MS scheme at a scale of 3 GeV is m{sub c}(3 GeV)=987{+-}9 MeV, where the error includes all sources of uncertainties added in quadrature.

Bodenstein, S. [Centre for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Bordes, J.; Penarrocha, J. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universitat de Valencia, and Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Centro Mixto Universitat de Valencia-CSIC (Spain); Dominguez, C. A. [Centre for Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); Department of Physics, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa); Schilcher, K. [Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Hydrogen and Nitrogen Control in Ladle and Casting Operations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years there has been an increasing demand to reduce and control the amount of dissolved gases in steel. Hydrogen and nitrogen are two of the most important gases which when dissolved in liquid steel affect its properties significantly. Several steelmaking additions have been investigated in this research for their effect on the hydrogen and nitrogen content of steels. It has been established that calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime) acts as a source of hydrogen. Carburizers, such as metallurgical coke, were found to result in no hydrogen pickup when added to liquid steel. Addition of petroleum coke, on the other hand, increased the hydrogen content of liquid steel. Ferroalloy such as medium carbon ferromanganese when added to the liquid iron was found to increase its nitrogen content, the increase being proportional to the amount of ferroalloy added. Similarly, addition of pitch coke, which had a significant nitrogen impurity, increased the nitrogen content of liquid iron. A mathematical model was developed to quantify the absorption of nitrogen and hydrogen from the air bubbles entrained during tapping of liquid steel. During the bottom stirring of liquid metal in a ladle, the inert gas escaping from the top displaces the slag layer and often forms an open eye. The absorption of atmospheric nitrogen through the spout eye was estimated for different slag thickness and gas flow rate. The ultimate goal of this research was to develop a comprehensive set of equations which could predict the nitrogen and hydrogen pickup from their various sources. Estimates of hydrogen and nitrogen pickup during the steel transfer operations such as tapping and ladle stirring and the predicted pickup from steelmaking additions were integrated into empirical equations. The comprehensive model is designed to predict the gas pickup under varying operating conditions such as the metal oxygen and sulfur content, the total tapping or stirring time, the stirring gas flow rate and the slag thickness. The model predictions are based on mathematical and empirical evidence which are derived from thermodynamic and kinetic fundamental principles.

Richard J. Fruehan; Siddhartha Misra

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Nitrogen control of chloroplast development and differentiation. Annual progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The growth and development of plants and photosynthetic microorganisms is commonly limited by the availability of nitrogen. Our work concerns understanding the mechanisms by which plants and algae that are subjected to nitrogen deprivation alter the composition of photosynthetic membranes and enzymes involved in photosynthetic carbon metabolism. Toward these ends, we study biosynthetic and gene expression processes in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii which is grown in an ammonium-limited continuous culture system. We have found that the expression of nuclear genes, including those encoding for light-harvesting proteins, are severely repressed in nitrogen-limited cells whereas, in general, chloroplast protein synthesis is attenuated primarily at the level of mRNA translation. Conversely, nitrogen deprivation appears to lead to enhanced synthesis of enzymes that are involved in starch and storage lipid deposition. In addition, as a possible means by which photosynthetic electron transport activities and ATP synthesis is sustained during chronic periods of nitrogen deprivation, thylakoid membranes become enriched with components for chlororespiration. Characterization of the chlororespiratory electron transport constituents, including cytochrome complexes and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase is a major current effort. Also, we are striving to isolate the genes encoding chlororespiration proteins toward determining how they and others that are strongly responsive to nutrient availability are regulated.

Schmidt, G.W.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Phosphorus versus nitrogen limitation in the marine environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limnological and marine geochemical opinion favors phosphorus limitation of organic production in aquatic environments, while marine biological opinion favors nitrogen limitation. Clues in the literature and nutrient budgets for selected marine ecosystems suggest that phosphorus vs. nitrogen limitation is a function of the relative rates of water exchange and internal biochemical processes acting to adjust the ratio of ecosystem N:P availability. A limiting factor to biological activity is that material available in an amount most closely approaching the critical minimum required to sustain that activity (Odum 197 1). This definition can be applied at any scale from cellular metabolism to global biogeochemical cycles. This paper deals with inorganic plant nutrients as limiting factors for the net production of new organic material in marine systems. Marine geochemists and biologists hold antithetical views about nutrient limitation in the ocean. The view held by most marine geochemists (e.g. Lerman et al. 1975; Meybeck 1982; Broecker and Peng 1982) can apparently be traced to the seminal paper by Redfield ( 1958). Redfield concluded that phosphorus availability limits net organic production in the sea. He pointed out that any nitrogen deficits can be met by the biological fixation of atmospheric nitrogen, hence nitrogenous compounds can accumulate until the available phosphorus is utilized.

S. V. Smith

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with a valuable window through which to probe the electronic structure and dynamics of molecules. But the answer to one fundamental quantum question-whether the core hole is localized or delocalized-has remained elusive for diatomic molecules in which both atoms are the same element. An international team of scientists from the University of Frankfurt in Germany, Berkeley Lab, Kansas State University, and Auburn University has now resolved the issue with an appropriate twist of quantum fuzziness. By means of coincident detection of the photoelectron ejected from molecular nitrogen and the Auger electron emitted femtoseconds later, the team found that how the measurements are done determines which description-localized or delocalized-is valid.

443

Change in Pacific nitrogen content tied to climate change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 12/15/2013 | NR-13-12-04 High Resolution Image Living and fossilized coral are gathered from dives in the Hawaiian Islands. A Lawrence Livermore scientist and collaborators have studied coral to determine that a long-term shift in nitrogen content in the Pacific Ocean has occurred as a result of climate change. Image courtesy of NOAA Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory. Change in Pacific nitrogen content tied to climate change Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Using deep sea corals gathered near the Hawaiian Islands, a Lawrence Livermore scientist, in collaboration with UC Santa Cruz colleagues, has determined that a long-term shift in nitrogen content in the Pacific Ocean has occurred as a result of climate change.

444

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print Probing Core-Hole Localization in Molecular Nitrogen Print The behavior of the core hole created in molecular x-ray photoemission experiments has provided molecular scientists with a valuable window through which to probe the electronic structure and dynamics of molecules. But the answer to one fundamental quantum question-whether the core hole is localized or delocalized-has remained elusive for diatomic molecules in which both atoms are the same element. An international team of scientists from the University of Frankfurt in Germany, Berkeley Lab, Kansas State University, and Auburn University has now resolved the issue with an appropriate twist of quantum fuzziness. By means of coincident detection of the photoelectron ejected from molecular nitrogen and the Auger electron emitted femtoseconds later, the team found that how the measurements are done determines which description-localized or delocalized-is valid.

445

Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) Nitrogen Oxide Emission Statements (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency This chapter of the law establishes that the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency requires any facility that emits 25 tons or more of NOx and/or 25 tons or more of VOC during the calendar year and is located in a county designated as nonattainment for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone submit emission statements. Any facility that is located in a county described above is exempt from these requirements. If NOx

446

A genetic rule weighting and selection process for fuzzy control of heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose the use of weighted linguistic fuzzy rules in combination with a rule selection process to develop accurate fuzzy logic controllers dedicated to the intelligent control of heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems concerning ... Keywords: BEMS, building energy management system, FLC, fuzzy logic controller, Fuzzy logic controllers, GA, genetic algorithm, Genetic algorithms, HVAC systems, HVAC, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning, KB, knowledge base, PMV, predicted mean vote index for thermal comfort, Rule selection, Weighted fuzzy rules

Rafael Alcal; Jorge Casillas; Oscar Cordn; Antonio Gonzlez; Francisco Herrera

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of synthetic diamond using an in situ nitrogen delta-doping technique during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Despite their proximity to the surface, doped NV centers with depths (d) ranging from 5 to 100 nm display long spin coherence times, T{sub 2} > 100 {mu}s at d = 5 nm and T{sub 2} > 600 {mu}s at d {>=} 50 nm. The consistently long spin coherence observed in such shallow NV centers enables applications such as atomic-scale external spin sensing and hybrid quantum architectures.

Ohno, Kenichi; Joseph Heremans, F.; Bassett, Lee C.; Myers, Bryan A.; Toyli, David M.; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania C.; Palmstrom, Christopher J.; Awschalom, David D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

448

Oil and Gas Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization (Minnesota) Oil and Gas Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Department of Natural Resources is given the authority to create and promulgate regulations related to spacing, pooling, and utilization of oil

449

Fusion of imprecise, uncertain, and conflicting beliefs with DSm rules of combination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper one studies, within Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT), the case when the sources of information provide imprecise belief functions/masses, and we generalize the DSm rules of combination (classic or hybrid rules) from scalar fusion to sub-unitary interval fusion and, more general, to any set of sub-unitary interval fusion. This work generalizes previous works available in literature which appear limited to IBS (Interval-valued belief structures) in the Transferable Belief Model framework. Numerical didactic examples of these new DSm fusion rules for dealing with imprecise information are also presented.

Jean Dezert; Florentin Smarandache

2004-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

450

Rules and Regulations for Dredging and the Management of Dredged Material  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations for Dredging and the Management of Dredged Rules and Regulations for Dredging and the Management of Dredged Material (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations for Dredging and the Management of Dredged Material (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management

451

10 CFR Part 1021 National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures - Preamble to Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulations Regulations 15122 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 1021 National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is revising the existing rule at 10 CFR part 1021, titled "Compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act," to incorporate revised provisions of DOE's Guidelines for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). DOE is also revoking its existing NEPA guidelines. This rule incorporates changes required by certain policy initiatives instituted by the Secretary of Energy to facilitate participation of the public and affected states in the NEPA process for proposed DOE actions.

452

Almost Exact Sum Rules for Nucleon Moments From An Infinite Dimensional Algebra  

SciTech Connect

Recently there has been a great surge of interest in almost-exact sum rules for the magnetic moments of nucleons. (By almost-exact we mean: exact to all orders in the strong couplings but only the lowest order in electromagnetic and weak couplings.) Besides providing a means for calculation of the magnetic moments on the same level as the calculation of GA/GV by Adler and Weisberger these sum rules, taken together with the Adler-Weisberger sum rule, constitute a useful tool for investigating the nature of the dynamical approximations that underlie higher symmetry schemes.

Beg, M.A. B.

1966-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

453

Induction and selection of the most interesting Gene Ontology based multiattribute rules for descriptions of gene groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rules induction algorithm dedicated to describe groups of genes with similar expression profiles by means of Gene Ontology terms is discussed in the paper. The presented algorithm takes into consideration information contained in the Gene Ontology ... Keywords: Decision rules, Gene Ontology, Gene groups descriptions, Rough sets, Rule interestingness measures

Marek Sikora; Aleksandra Gruca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Nitrogen actinometry for measurement of nitrogen radical spatial distribution in large-area plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density distributions of radicals in the large-area silicon nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process were measured using a spatially resolvable optical emission spectrometer (SROES). To determine the qualitative distribution of a target radical, the authors used optical actinometry with nitrogen (N{sub 2}) gas as an actinometer. To compare the SROES data and process results, the thickness of the deposited Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} thin films using an ellipsometer was measured. By introducing nitrogen-based optical actinometry, the authors obtained very good agreement between the experimental results of the distributions of atomic nitrogen radical and the deposited thicknesses of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} thin films. Based on these experimental results, the uniformity of the process plasma in the PECVD process at different applied radio frequency powers was analyzed.

Oh, Changhoon; Kang, Minwook; Hahn, Jae W. [Nano Photonics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonesi-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Seungsuk [Based Technology of Equipment Team, LG Display, Paju-City, Gyeonggi-do 413-811 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Removal of nitrogen oxides from a gas stream by using monatomic nitrogen induced by a pulsed arc  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effectiveness of N atoms, nitrogen, induced by a pulsed electric arc, in reducing nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) was studied. Goal is reduction of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) from automobile emissions by this alternative technique, which can be cost-effective and has the potential to reduce NO{sub x} in exhaust containing up to 10% oxygen. Initial tests with 100, 500, and 1,000 ppM NO in pure nitrogen have shown that a greater than 50% reduction of NO/NO{sub x} is readily achievable. At an NO concentration of 100 ppM, a greater than 90% NO/NO{sub x} reduction was recorded. Different flow rates of the monatomic nitrogen and the gas stream were tested. The flow rate of the monatomic nitrogen did not have a significant effect on the reduction efficiency, unlike the flow rate of the gas stream. The cross-sectional flow area of the gas stream was varied in order to assess whether the proximity of the gas stream to the arc would affect NO/NO{sub x} reduction. Results of the tests revealed that the smallest cross-sectional area had the best reduction, but also the highest chance of contacting the arc. The composition of the gas stream was also varied to elucidate the effects of N0{sub 2} and 0{sub 2} on the NO/NO{sub x} reduction efficiency. When N0{sub 2} and 0{sub 2} are present in the gas stream, both gases lower the reduction efficiency significantly by creating more NO or N0{sub 2}. Experiments are continuing to improve the reduction efficiency. The electrical power, a function of pulse frequency, voltage, and current, was treated as a key parameter in the investigation. The power consumption of the high-voltage purser apparatus for a 100-kW engine was estimated to be 3 kW.

Ng, H.K.; Novick, V.J.; Sekar, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Pierucci, K.A. [Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, IL (United States); Geise, M.F. [Notre Dame Univ., IN (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for 18: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of implementing provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This EA addresses Federal commercial standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published

457

Moral responsibility for computing artifacts: "the rules" and issues of trust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"The Rules" are found in a collaborative document (started in March 2010) that states principles for responsibility when a computer artifact is designed, developed and deployed into a sociotechnical system. At this writing, over 50 people from nine countries ...

F. S. Grodzinsky; K. Miller; M. J. Wolf

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

DOE Offers Technical Assistance on EPA Rules Implementation to States and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Offers Technical Assistance on EPA Rules Implementation to Offers Technical Assistance on EPA Rules Implementation to States and the Utility Industry DOE Offers Technical Assistance on EPA Rules Implementation to States and the Utility Industry February 3, 2012 - 2:55pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is offering technical assistance to state public utility commissioners, generation owner/operators, and utilities on implementing the new and pending EPA air rules affecting the electric utility industry. Examples of typical assistance include technical information on cost and performance of the various power plant pollution retrofit control technologies; technical information on generation, demand-side or transmission alternatives for any replacement power needed for retiring generating units; and assistance to public utility

459

Confirmation of 10 CFR Part 830, nuclear safety rule (66 FR 19717), Fed Reg  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Confirmation of 10 CFR Part 830, nuclear safety rule (66 FR 19717), Confirmation of 10 CFR Part 830, nuclear safety rule (66 FR 19717), Fed Reg 4/17/01 Confirmation of 10 CFR Part 830, nuclear safety rule (66 FR 19717), Fed Reg 4/17/01 In accordance with the memorandum of January 20, 2001, from the Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, entitled ''Regulatory Review Plan,'' published in the Federal Register on January 24, 2001 (66 FR 7702), DOE temporarily delayed for 60 days (66 FR 8746, February 2, 2001) the effective date of the rule entitled ''Nuclear Safety Management'' published in the Federal Register on January 10, 2001 (66 FR 1810). DOE has now completed its review of that regulation, and does not intend to initiate any further rulemaking action to modify its provisions and confirms the effective date of April 10,

460

Federal Acquisition Regulation Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-69 Summary of Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 Summary of Rules 9 Summary of Rules Item Subject FAR Case I Definition of Contingency Operation 2013-003 II Iran Threat Reduction 2012-030 III Documenting Contractor Performance 2012-009 IV Repeal of Sunset for Certain Protests of Task and Delivery Order Contracts 2013-011 V Least Developed Countries that Are Designated Countries 2013-009 VI Update to Biobased Reporting Requirements 2013-006 VII Technical Amendments Item I-Definition of Contingency Operation (FAR Case 2013-003) This final rule amends, without change, the interim rule published in the Federal Register at 78 FR 13765 on February 28, 2013, revising the definition of "contingency operation" in FAR 2.101 to address the statutory change to the definition made by paragraph (b) of section 515 of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

U.S. Department of Energy Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program U.S. Department of Energy Issues Rules for Auto Loan Program November 5, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today the U.S. Department of Energy issued an Interim Final Rule that implements the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Incentive Program authorized by section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The FY09 Continuing Resolution provided DOE with funding to make up to $25 billion in direct loans to eligible applicants for the costs of reequipping, expanding, and establishing manufacturing facilities in the United States to produce advanced technology vehicles, and components for such vehicles. These vehicles must provide meaningful improvements in fuel economy performance. In the FY09 Continuing Resolution, Congress required DOE to issue to issue

462

EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and 78: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy EA-1778: Proposed Rule, 10 CFR 433 and 435, Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of DOE's Proposed Rule, 10 CFR Part 433, "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings" and 10 CFR Part 435, "Energy Conservation and Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings". Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

463

Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards March 30, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis This week, after extensive collaboration with the Department of Energy, U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued a notice of proposed rulemaking proposing a mechanism to refuse admission into the customs territory of the United States to covered products that fail to meet an applicable DOE energy conservation standard. This rule, if adopted, would promote a level playing field for U.S. manufacturers and drive additional compliance with DOE energy conservation standards. The notice also provides for refusal of admission for failure

464

Federal Acquisition Regulation Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-65 Summary of Rules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Summary of Rules 5 Summary of Rules Item Subject FAR Case I. Prohibition on Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations 2012-013 II. Extension of Sunset Date for Protests of Task and Delivery Orders 2012-007 III. Free Trade Agreement-Colombia 2012-012 IV. Unallowability of Costs Associated With Foreign Contractor Excise Tax 2011-011 V. Technical Amendment Item I-Prohibition on Contracting With Inverted Domestic Corporations (FAR Case 2012-013) This rule adopts as final an interim rule implementing section 738 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (Pub. L. 112-74), which prohibits the award of contracts using Fiscal Year 2012 appropriated funds to any foreign incorporated entity that is

465

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 EA-1918: Final Rule, 10 CFR 433, "Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Commercial and MultiFamily High-Rise Residential Buildings" RIN 1904-AC60 SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of implementing provisions in the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) that require DOE to update the baseline Federal energy efficiency performance standards for the construction of new Federal buildings, including commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings. This EA addresses Federal commercial standard to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-n Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010. The Final Rule was published

466

Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with Federal Energy Conservation Standards Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with Federal Energy Conservation Standards July 12, 2013 - 4:08pm Addthis After collaborating with the Department of Energy and considering comments from stakeholders, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection ("CBP") and the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued a final rule last week that allows CBP to refuse admission into the customs territory of the United States for sale within the United States of covered products that fail to meet an applicable DOE energy conservation standard. The notice also allows CBP to refuse admission of covered products that fail to comply with the

467

Models for Relativistic Coulomb Sum Rules:Expansions in Moments of the Nuclear Momentum Density  

SciTech Connect

Relativistic Coulomb sum rules for quasielastic electron scattering from nuclei are developed using a class of relativistic models for the nuclear ground-state momentum distribution. Approximate sum rules at constant 3- or 4-momentum transfer are expressed as expansions in moments of the momentum distribution. New sum-rule functions are derived which, even for very large values of energy and momentum where relativistic effects become dominant, approach simple asymptotic values; in doing so they approximately retain the flavor of the nonrelativistic Coulomb sum rule which approaches Z. Specific ways of achieving an optimum separation of effects relating to the electromagnetic response of a single nucleon and of a many-body system of structureless particles are discussed, including a study of sensitivities to alternative parameterizations of GEn. Comparisons of results using different momentum distributions for the case of 16O are presented.

Donnelly, T. W.; Kronenberg, E. L.; van Orden, J. W.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Association Rule Data Mining Applications for Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Intensity Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study applies a data mining technique called association rule mining to the analysis of intensity changes of North Atlantic tropical cyclones (TCs). The best track data from the National Hurricane Center and the Statistical Hurricane ...

Ruixin Yang; Jiang Tang; Donglian Sun

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Checking system rules using system-specific, programmer-written compiler extensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems software such as OS kernels, embedded systems, and libraries must obey many rules for both correctness and performance. Common examples include "accesses to variable A must be guarded by lock B," "system calls must check user pointers for validity ...

Dawson Engler; Benjamin Chelf; Andy Chou; Seth Hallem

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Rules for the Discharge of Non-Sanitary Wastewater and Other...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for the Discharge of Non-Sanitary Wastewater and Other Fluids To or Below the Ground Surface (Rhode Island) Rules for the Discharge of Non-Sanitary Wastewater and Other Fluids To...

471

File:Rules and Regulations for the Management and Control of...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon File:Rules and Regulations for the Management and Control of Designated Ground Water.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File...

472

10 C.F.R Part 824 - Procedural Rules for the Assessment of Civil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

99 Federal Register Vol. 70, No. 16 Wednesday, January 26, 2005 Rules and Regulations Authority: Secs. 102, 103, 104, 105, 161, 182, 183, 186, 189, 68 Stat. 936, 937, 938,...

473

An Empirical Test of Three Design Rules in Healthcare Process Improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Toyota Production System. This paper presents field research to investigate whether the first three rules called Toyota Production System (TPS) as it originated in Toyota Motor Company, has been gaining

Sobek II, Durward K.

474

Drilling for geothermal resources: rules and regulations and minimum well construction standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following geothermal rules and regulations are presented: authority; policy; definitions; drilling; records; blow out prevention; injection wells; abandonment; maintenance; hearings; notice procedures; hearings on refused, limited, or conditioned permit; appeals; penalties; and forms;

Not Available

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 22, 2013...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2013 EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 22, 2013 REF: PHONE CALL DISCUSSION On Monday April 22nd, 2013 I had spoken with Mr. Jeremy Dommu with respect to the...

476

EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 18th, 2013...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18th, 2013 EERE-2011-BT-STD-0005, Proposed EISA2007 Rule April 18th, 2013 On Thursday April 18th, 2013 I had spoken with Michael Kido with respect to the following topics: a)...

477

SweetDeal: Representing Agent Contracts With Exceptions using XML Rules, Ontologies, and Process Descriptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SweetDeal is a rule-based approach to representation of business contracts that enables software agents to create, evaluate, negotiate, and execute contracts with substantial automation and modularity. It builds upon the ...

GROSOF, BENJAMIN

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

478

Three path interference using nuclear magnetic resonance: a test of the consistency of Born's rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Born rule is at the foundation of quantum mechanics and transforms our classical way of understanding probabilities by predicting that interference occurs between pairs of independent paths of a single object. One consequence of the Born rule is that three way (or three paths) quantum interference does not exist. In order to test the consistency of the Born rule, we examine detection probabilities in three path intereference using an ensemble of spin-1/2 quantum registers in liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (LSNMR). As a measure of the consistency, we evaluate the ratio of three way interference to two way interference. Our experiment bounded the ratio to the order of $10^{-3} \\pm 10^{-3}$, and hence it is consistent with Born's rule.

Daniel K. Park; Osama Moussa; Raymond Laflamme

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

479

Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards March 30, 2012 - 10:45am Addthis This week, after extensive collaboration with the Department of Energy, U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the U.S. Department of the Treasury issued a notice of proposed rulemaking proposing a mechanism to refuse admission into the customs territory of the United States to covered products that fail to meet an applicable DOE energy conservation standard. This rule, if adopted, would promote a level playing field for U.S. manufacturers and drive additional compliance with DOE energy conservation standards. The notice also provides for refusal of admission for failure

480

Rule of law and party systems : a study of regional political parties in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Where do party systems come from? The first part of this dissertation argues that party system formation depends on the rule of law, which is defined as the extent to which the state uniformly implements and enforces its ...

Ziegfeld, Adam W. (Adam Weston)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rule cair nitrogen" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon and nitrogen allocation in trees R.E. Dickson USDA-Forest Service, NCFES, Rhinelander, WI, U.S.A. Introduction Growth of trees and all plants depends up- on maintaining a positive carbon balance despite to multiple environ- mental stresses (Chapin et aL, 1987; Osmond et al., 1987). Light, carbon, water

Recanati, Catherine

482

Nitrogen Adsorption in Carbon Aerogels: A Molecular Simulation Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nitrogen Adsorption in Carbon Aerogels: A Molecular Simulation Study S. Gavalda, K. E. Gubbins,*, Y a molecular model for carbon aerogel in which the mesopore space is represented by carbon spheres-ray diffraction. The resulting model aerogel had a surface area, porosity, and pore size distribution that closely

483

NOx reduction by electron beam-produced nitrogen atom injection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Deactivated atomic nitrogen generated by an electron beam from a gas stream containing more than 99% N.sub.2 is injected at low temperatures into an engine exhaust to reduce NOx emissions. High NOx reduction efficiency is achieved with compact electron beam devices without use of a catalyst.

Penetrante, Bernardino M. (San Ramon, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream (1st Grade) Lesson Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid Nitrogen Ice Cream (1st Grade) Lesson Plan Science Standards Addressed (From the Colorado=0 Standard 1 - Physical Science 1st Grade: Outcome 1: Solids and liquids have unique properties) Large Metal or plastic mixing bowl Wire whisk and wooden spoon 4 cups heavy cream 1-1/2 Half & Half

485

A survey of strategies in rule-based program transformation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Program transformation is the mechanical manipulation of a program in order to improve it relative to some cost function and is understood broadly as the domain of computation where programs are the data. The natural basic building blocks of the domain ... Keywords: Attribute grammars, Congruence operators, Context-sensitive rules, Extensions of term rewriting, Generic traversal strategies, Pattern matching, Program representation, Program transformation, Strategy annotations, Strategy combinators, Term rewriting, Transformation rule, Transformation strategy, Tree parsing, Tree traversal

Eelco Visser

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Nitrogen control of chloroplast differentiation. Annual progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project is directed toward understanding how the availability of nitrogen affects the accumulation of chloroplast pigments and proteins functioning in energy transduction and carbon metabolism. Molecular analyses performed with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii grown in a continuous culture system such that ammonium concentration is maintained at a low steady-state concentration so as to limit cell division. As compared to chloroplasts from cells of non-limiting nitrogen provisions, chloroplasts of N-limited cells are profoundly chlorophyll-deficient but still assimilate carbon for deposition of as starch and as storage lipids. Chlorophyll deficiency arises by limiting accumulation of appropriate nuclear-encoded mRNAs of and by depressed rates of translation of chloroplast mRNAs for apoproteins of reaction centers. Chloroplast translational effects can be partially ascribed to diminished rates of chlorophyll biosynthesis in N-limited cells, but pigment levels are not determinants for expression of the nuclear light-harvesting protein genes. Consequently, other signals that are responsive to nitrogen availability mediate transcriptional or post-transcriptional processes for accumulation of the mRNAs for LHC apoproteins and other mRNAs whose abundance is dependent upon high nitrogen levels. Conversely, limited nitrogen availability promotes accumulation of other proteins involved in carbon metabolism and oxidative electron transport in chloroplasts. Hence, thylakoids of N-limited cells exhibit enhanced chlororespiratory activities wherein oxygen serves as the electron acceptor in a pathway that involves plastoquinone and other electron carrier proteins that remain to be thoroughly characterized. Ongoing and future studies are also outlined.

Schmidt, G.W.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

JV Task-121 Electrochemical Synthesis of Nitrogen Fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

An electrolytic renewable nitrogen fertilizer process that utilizes wind-generated electricity, N{sub 2} extracted from air, and syngas produced via the gasification of biomass to produce nitrogen fertilizer ammonia was developed at the University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center. This novel process provides an important way to directly utilize biosyngas generated mainly via the biomass gasification in place of the high-purity hydrogen which is required for Haber Bosch-based production of the fertilizer for the production of the widely used nitrogen fertilizers. Our preliminary economic projection shows that the economic competitiveness of the electrochemical nitrogen fertilizer process strongly depends upon the cost of hydrogen gas and the cost of electricity. It is therefore expected the cost of nitrogen fertilizer production could be considerably decreased owing to the direct use of cost-effective 'hydrogen-equivalent' biosyngas compared to the high-purity hydrogen. The technical feasibility of the electrolytic process has been proven via studying ammonia production using humidified carbon monoxide as the hydrogen-equivalent vs. the high-purity hydrogen. Process optimization efforts have been focused on the development of catalysts for ammonia formation, electrolytic membrane systems, and membrane-electrode assemblies. The status of the electrochemical ammonia process is characterized by a current efficiency of 43% using humidified carbon monoxide as a feedstock to the anode chamber and a current efficiency of 56% using high-purity hydrogen as the anode gas feedstock. Further optimization of the electrolytic process for higher current efficiency and decreased energy consumption is ongoing at the EERC.

Junhua Jiang; Ted Aulich

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

488

JV Task-121 Electrochemical Synthesis of Nitrogen Fertilizers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An electrolytic renewable nitrogen fertilizer process that utilizes wind-generated electricity, N{sub 2} extracted from air, and syngas produced via the gasification of biomass to produce nitrogen fertilizer ammonia was developed at the University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center. This novel process provides an important way to directly utilize biosyngas generated mainly via the biomass gasification in place of the high-purity hydrogen which is required for Haber Bosch-based production of the fertilizer for the production of the widely used nitrogen fertilizers. Our preliminary economic projection shows that the economic competitiveness of the electrochemical nitrogen fertilizer process strongly depends upon the cost of hydrogen gas and the cost of electricity. It is therefore expected the cost of nitrogen fertilizer production could be considerably decreased owing to the direct use of cost-effective 'hydrogen-equivalent' biosyngas compared to the high-purity hydrogen. The technical feasibility of the electrolytic process has been proven via studying ammonia production using humidified carbon monoxide as the hydrogen-equivalent vs. the high-purity hydrogen. Process optimization efforts have been focused on the development of catalysts for ammonia formation, electrolytic membrane systems, and membrane-electrode assemblies. The status of the electrochemical ammonia process is characterized by a current efficiency of 43% using humidified carbon monoxide as a feedstock to the anode chamber and a current efficiency of 56% using high-purity hydrogen as the anode gas feedstock. Further optimization of the electrolytic process for higher current efficiency and decreased energy consumption is ongoing at the EERC.

Junhua Jiang; Ted Aulich

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

489

Nitrogen-incorporation induced changes in the microstructure of nanocrystalline WO3 thin films  

SciTech Connect

Nitrogen doped tungsten oxide (WO3) films were grown by reactive magnetron sputter-deposition by varying the nitrogen content in the reactive gas mixture keeping the deposition temperature fixed at 400 C. The crystal structure, surface morphology, chemical composition, and electrical resistivity of nitrogen doped WO3 films were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrical conductivity measurements. The results indicate that the nitrogen-doping induced changes in the microstructure and electrical properties of WO3 films are significant. XRD measurements coupled with SEM analysis indicates that the increasing nitrogen content decreases the grain size and crystal quality. The nitrogen concentration increases from 0 at.% to 1.35 at.% with increasing nitrogen flow rate from 0 to 20 sccm. The corresponding dc electrical conductivity of the films had shown a decreasing trend with increasing nitrogen content.

Vemuri, Venkata Rama Sesha R.; Noor-A-Alam, M.; Gullapalli, Satya K.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Ramana, C.V.

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Yield, quality components and nitrogen levels of silage corn fertilized with urea and zeolite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and N fertilization affect corn silage yield and quality. Jand the nitrogen status of corn. J Prod Agric. 1991;4:525-and nitrogen effects on corn silage. Agron. J. ___, Kalonge

Bernardi, Alberto C. de Campos; Souza, Gilberto Batista de; Polidoro, Jos Carlos; Paiva, Paulo Renato Perdigo; Monte, Marisa Bezerra de Melo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Electronic Properties of Nitrogen-/Boron-Doped Graphene Nanoribbons With Armchair Edges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculation of electronic structures has been performed for graphene nanoribbons with eight-armchair edges containing nitrogen or boron substitutional impurity by using ab initio density functional theory. It is found that the electronic structures ... Keywords: Doping, graphene, nanotechnology, nitrogen

Shan Sheng Yu; Wei Tao Zheng; Qing Jiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

PM2.5 Designations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution from Power Pollution from Power Plants Gina McCarthy Assistant Administrator US EPA Office of Air and Radiation October 29, 2010 2 GDP Up; Pollution Down 3 Key Power Plant Rules Overdue * The American public has suffered avoidable deaths and illnesses as important Clean Air Act-required power plant controls have been delayed more than a decade. * The Act required states by 2000 to adopt rules as needed to control interstate pollution to help meet health-based air quality standards issued in 1997 - NOX SIP Call Rule (1998) partially addressed ozone transport by 2004, but did not address fine particles. - Previous administration finalized Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) in 2005 but court found legal flaws and ordered EPA to replace it. CAIR remains in place in the interim.

493

Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean Air  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean Air of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean Air Interstate Rule Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Issues Statement on Clean Air Interstate Rule March 10, 2005 - 10:43am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today issued the following statement regarding the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) released by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): "Coming from the business world, I know that a reliable, affordable energy supply is essential to America's continued economic growth and job creation. As we build our economic success, we must also put commonsense environmental measures in place. While the CAIR rules are an important first step that will dramatically cut emissions from coal-fired power plants in the Eastern United States, it's important for the Congress

494

The influence of Fe catalysts on the release of nitrogen oxides during the gasification of nitrogen doped carbon-13 material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

855 The influence of Fe catalysts on the release of nitrogen oxides during the gasification. (Received 12 June 19%; accepted in revised form 4 April 1997) Key Words - A. Char, B. gasification, the rapid devol- atilisation of the coal is accompanied by the ignition/gasification of the volatiles

Thomas, Mark

495

Methods of detection and identificationoc carbon- and nitrogen-containing materials  

SciTech Connect

Methods for detecting and identifying carbon- and/or nitrogen-containing materials are disclosed. The methods may comprise detection of photo-nuclear reaction products of nitrogen and carbon to detect and identify the carbon- and/or nitrogen-containing materials.

Karev, Alexander Ivanovich; Raevsky, Valery Georgievich; Dzhalivyan, Leonid Zavenovich; Brothers, Louis Joseph; Wilhide, Larry K

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

496

The Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Bioenergy Sorghum Yield and Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is one of the prospective crops that may be used to produce biofuels in the future. Therefore, it is of interest to find management practices that improve both the production of biomass yield and quality. This study presents observations of the effects different rates of nitrogen fertilization have on yield, tissue nitrogen content, and tissue quality measures such as ash, lignin, sucrose, xylans, cellulose and starch content, based on three years of field trials from the Brazos Bottom and one year of field trials from near China, Texas. Data for the quality components were obtained using near infrared spectroscopy, with the exception of tissue nitrogen which was determined by using the dry combustion method. This study has showed fertilizer nitrogen had a strong positive correlation with the tissue nitrogen of sorghum biomass. Changes in tissue quality in relationship with fertilizer nitrogen levels and tissue nitrogen concentration were also observed. Ash showed a strong positive and sucrose showed a strong negative correlation to both tissue nitrogen concentration and fertilizer nitrogen application. Similarly to sucrose, starch also decreased with higher nitrogen levels and lignin was found to increase slightly. The concentration of cellulose and xylans were very weakly affected by nitrogen application and nitrogen concentration.

Zilahi-Sebess, Szilvia

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

A MOLECULAR SIMULATION STUDY OF ADSORPTION OF NITROGEN AND METHANE IN TITANIUM SILICATE (ETS-4)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, those obtained from nitrogen injection through enhanced gas recovery2 or from landfill gases3. Even when the nitrogen content in natural gas or landfill gases is consid- erably lower than the CO2 content viable when natural gas prices are high enough4. Therefore, understanding the fundamentals of nitrogen

Lisal, Martin

498

Per-plant eco-physiological responses of maize to varied nitrogen availability at low and high plant densities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and low nitrogen availability. Agron. J. 2009; forthcoming.the impacts of nitrogen (N) availability on intra-specificgenotypes to varied N availability at both low and high

Boomsma, Christopher R; Vyn, Tony J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Method of removing nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas using a water-soluble iron ion-dithiocarbamate, xanthate or thioxanthate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method of removing of nitrogen monoxide from a nitrogen monoxide-containing gas which method comprises contacting a nitrogen oxide-containing gas with an aqueous solution of water soluble organic compound-iron ion chelate complex. The NO absorption efficiency of ferrous urea-dithiocarbamate and ferrous diethanolamine-xanthate as a function of time, oxygen content and solution ph is presented. 3 figs., 1 tab.

Liu, D. Kwok-Keung; Chang, Shih-Ger

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z