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1

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward MoreComprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity RestructuringPolicies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the past three years, government and private organizations have issued more than a dozen studies of the benefits and costs of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). Most of these studies have focused on benefits that can be readily estimated using traditional production-cost simulation techniques, which compare the cost of centralized dispatch under an RTO to dispatch in the absence of an RTO, and on costs associated with RTO start-up and operation. Taken as a whole, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from these studies because they have not examined potentially much larger benefits (and costs) resulting from the impacts of RTOs on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: (1) Describes the history of benefit-cost analysis of FERC electricity restructuring policies; (2)Reviews current practice by analyzing 11 RTO benefit-cost studies that were published between 2002 and 2004 and makes recommendations to improve the documentation of data and methods and the presentation of findings in future studies that focus primarily on estimating short-run economic impacts; and (3) Reviews important impacts of FERC policies that have been overlooked or incompletely treated by recent RTO benefit-cost studies and the challenges to crafting more comprehensive assessments of these impacts based on actual performance, including impacts on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation.

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: 1) Describes the history of benefit-cost...

3

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: Describes the history of benefit-cost analysis...

4

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Creation of a Single MISO-PJM-SPP Power Market. ISO-NE/Power‘s Participation in PJM. SAIC. 2004. The Benefits andDominion Virginia Power Joining PJM. Henwood. 2004. Study of

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC ElectricityRestructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies ofRTO's  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definitive assessment of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission policies on regional transmission organizations is not currently possible because of uncertainties in the data and methods used in recent benefit-cost studies as well as lack of investigation of key impacts of the formation of RTOs.

Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas R.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy DVP Dominion Virginia Power EA Environmental Assessment EIA Energy Information Administration EIS Environmental Impact Statement ESAI Energy Security...

7

RTO Briefing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Transmission Updates The summary of this report is: (1) Small generators are not happy with FERC's Small Generator Interconnection NOPR, saying the proposed rule ignores much of the consensus developed between small generators and transmission owners during the ANOPR process. California wind generators seek clarification that repowering an existing facility or changing contract terms would not trigger a reevaluation of the interconnection. (2) The choices of former Alliance companies about which RTO to join, MISO or PJM, and whether they can obtain approval from states to do so, has created such a tangle that FERC held two days of hearings at the end of September on the issues and options for resolving them. But in addition to some constructive input, the hearings produced even more uncertainty, with transmission companies announcing their need to reassess their own RTO commitments depending on the decisions of others. (3) In the West, the Seams Steering Group--Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) completed a west-wide transmission study with a renewable energy scenario, the California ISO received FERC's approval on its market redesign proposal, and RTO West worked toward finalizing high-level consensus documents describing Day 1 implementation of the proposed RTO. (4) In Texas, ERCOT began $157 million in upgrades to the transmission system around McCamey--increasing capacity in and out of the area enough to handle existing wind projects there.

Steve Wiese

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory Commission (FERC). 1996. Environmental Impactland-docs/rm95-8p3-000.txt FERC. 1999. Regional Transmissionfileid=9514094&trial=1 FERC. 2004. Staff Report on Cost

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration. 2004. Electricity Transmission in aInterruptions to U.S. Electricity Customers. September. (Cost Models in Electricity Planning and Pricing. ”

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency and availability, and transmission capability).O&C costs) and availability. Transmission capability,O&C costs) and availability. Transmission capability,

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flow of electricity, possibly restricting desired trade. (freedom to trade, consumers would want more electricity, andelectricity industry restructuring, short-term wholesale trades

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assessment of the electricity industry’s evolution. To aidsome aspects of electricity industry restructuring throughbegan restructuring the U.S. electricity industry in 1996 by

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and regional energy-market clearing prices. Sponsored by PJMsupply energy at a price higher than the market price (and

Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A preliminary benefit-cost study of a Sandia wind farm.  

SciTech Connect

In response to federal mandates and incentives for renewable energy, Sandia National Laboratories conducted a feasibility study of installing an on-site wind farm on Sandia National Laboratories and Kirtland Air Force Base property. This report describes this preliminary analysis of the costs and benefits of installing and operating a 15-turbine, 30-MW-capacity wind farm that delivers an estimated 16 percent of 2010 onsite demand. The report first describes market and non-market economic costs and benefits associated with operating a wind farm, and then uses a standard life-cycle costing and benefit-cost framework to estimate the costs and benefits of a wind farm. Based on these 'best-estimates' of costs and benefits and on factor, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, the analysis results suggest that the benefits of a Sandia wind farm are greater than its costs. The analysis techniques used herein are applicable to the economic assessment of most if not all forms of renewable energy.

Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Griffin, Taylor; Loose, Verne W.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A preliminary benefit-cost study of a Sandia wind farm.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In response to federal mandates and incentives for renewable energy, Sandia National Laboratories conducted a feasibility study of installing an on-site wind farm on Sandia National Laboratories and Kirtland Air Force Base property. This report describes this preliminary analysis of the costs and benefits of installing and operating a 15-turbine, 30-MW-capacity wind farm that delivers an estimated 16 percent of 2010 onsite demand. The report first describes market and non-market economic costs and benefits associated with operating a wind farm, and then uses a standard life-cycle costing and benefit-cost framework to estimate the costs and benefits of a wind farm. Based on these 'best-estimates' of costs and benefits and on factor, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, the analysis results suggest that the benefits of a Sandia wind farm are greater than its costs. The analysis techniques used herein are applicable to the economic assessment of most if not all forms of renewable energy.

Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Griffin, Taylor; Loose, Verne W.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies of RTOs  

SciTech Connect

Definitive assessment of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission policies on regional transmission organizations is not currently possible because of uncertainties in the data and methods used in recent benefit-cost studies as well as lack of investigation of key impacts of the formation of RTOs. (author)

Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas R.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Subject: CAISO LCR Study Advisory Group Sue Mara – RTO Advisors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gary Tarplee – SCE (final selection pending) Carolyn Winn – SDG&E (final selection pending) Mike Jaske – CEC (final selection pending) Tom Flynn – CPUC (final selection pending) Tony Braun – Northern CAISO Municipal (final selection pending) WECC Reliability Subcommittee Representative (final selection pending) Gary DeShazo- CAISO (LSAG Chair) To All: On behalf of the California ISO, I am pleased to welcome you as a member of the 2008 LCR Study Advisory Group ("LSAG"). Over the coming couple of months, we will collaborate on a review of the assumptions and criteria for this important study. I want to thank you in advance for your investment of time and thought. As you know, over the last 18 months, the CAISO has been working with stakeholders to determine the locational capacity requirements across the California ISO Controlled Grid in a manner that is consistent with the California Public Utility Commission’s ("CPUC") implementation of Resource Adequacy. Earlier this year the CPUC adopted the CAISO's LCR results for 2007. At the same time, the CPUC indicated its desire for

Cc Doughty; Thomas Dukes; Ali Amirali; Ls Power; Chifong Thomas Pg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

New benefit-cost studies of renewable and energy efficiency programs of the U.S. Department of Energy : methodology and findings.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objectives of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) 2009-2010 Studies (Solar, Wind, Geothermal, & Combustion Engine R&D) are to: (1) Demonstrate to investors that EERE research and technology development (R&D) programs & subprograms are 'Worth It'; (2) Develop an improved Benefit-Cost methodology for determining realized economic and other benefits of EERE R&D programs - (a) Model government additionality more thoroughly and on a case-by-case basis; (b) Move beyond economic benefits; and (c) Have each study calculate returns to a whole EERE program/subprogram; and (3) Develop a consistent, workable Methods Guide for independent contractors who will perform the evaluation studies.

Jordan, Gretchen B.; Ruegg, Rosalie T. (TIA Consulting, Inc., Emerald Isle, NC)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Benefit/cost framework for evaluating modular energy storage : a study for the DOE energy storage systems program.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work documented in this report represents another step in the ongoing investigation of innovative and potentially attractive value propositions for electricity storage by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program. This study uses updated cost and performance information for modular energy storage (MES) developed for this study to evaluate four prospective value propositions for MES. The four potentially attractive value propositions are defined by a combination of well-known benefits that are associated with electricity generation, delivery, and use. The value propositions evaluated are: (1) transportable MES for electric utility transmission and distribution (T&D) equipment upgrade deferral and for improving local power quality, each in alternating years, (2) improving local power quality only, in all years, (3) electric utility T&D deferral in year 1, followed by electricity price arbitrage in following years; plus a generation capacity credit in all years, and (4) electric utility end-user cost management during times when peak and critical peak pricing prevail.

Eyer, James M. (Distributed Utility Associates, Livermore, CA); Schoenung, Susan M. (Longitude 122 West, Inc., Menlo Park, CA)

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Benefit-cost assessment of aviation environmental policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aids in the development of a framework in which to conduct global benefit-cost assessments of aviation policies. Current policy analysis tools, such as the aviation environmental portfolio management tool (APMT), ...

Gilmore, Christopher K. (Christopher Kenneth)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

RTO and Balancing AuthoritProposals for EIA Surveys  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Integration of renewable generation Implementation of demand response Integration of new ... RTO and Balancing AuthoritProposals for EIA Surveys Author: USCX ...

22

Property:EIA/861/RtoSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoSpp RtoSpp Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_SPP Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the SPP RTO. [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoSpp" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc + true + B Basin Electric Power Coop + true + C C & L Electric Coop Corp + true + Central Nebraska Pub P&I Dist + true + City Utilities of Springfield + true + City Water and Light Plant + true + City of Alexandria, Louisiana (Utility Company) + true + City of Altus, Oklahoma (Utility Company) + true + City of Arma, Kansas (Utility Company) + true +

23

Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RtoPjm RtoPjm Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RTO_PJM Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the PJM RTO [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/RtoPjm" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A & N Electric Coop (Virginia) + true + Adams Electric Cooperative Inc + true + Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true + American Mun Power-Ohio, Inc + true + Appalachian Power Co + true + Atlantic City Electric Co + true + B Bedford Rural Elec Coop, Inc + true + Borough of Butler, New Jersey (Utility Company) + true +

24

Preliminary benefit-cost analysis of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) power addition  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this report is to conduct a preliminary benefit-cost study for the proposed power addition to FFTF to determine whether the project is cost-effective. If the project is authorized, construction will begin in 1986 and end in 1991. Full power operation is scheduled to begin in 1991 and a project life of 20 years is assumed. The undiscounted cost during the construction period of the FFTF power addition is estimated to be approximately $117 million over the construction period (1984 dollars). An additional $3 million is estimated as the opportunity cost - or value of these resources in their most favorable alternative use - of surplus FFTF equipment and unused CRBR equipment, including materials for steam generator fabrication. The annual operating and maintenance cost of the project is estimated to be about $2.1 million in 1984 dollars. 20 references.

Callaway, J.M.; Lezberg, A.J.; Scott, M.J.; Tawil, J.J.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A practical method for incorporating Real Options analysis into US federal benefit-cost analysis procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research identifies how Real Options (RO) thinking might acceptably and effectively complement the current mandates for Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Circular A-94. ...

Rivey, Darren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Audit of health benefit costs at the Department`s Management and Operating Contractors  

SciTech Connect

The audit disclosed that the Department and certain of its contractors had initiated several positive actions to contain health benefit costs: improving data collection, increasing training, reviewing changes to health plans, improving the language in one contract, increasing the employees, share of health costs at one contractor, and initiating self-insurance at another contractor. Despite these actions, further improvements are needed in the administration of the contractor employee health benefit plans. It was found that the Department did not have the policies and procedures necessary to ensure that the health benefit costs met the tests for reasonableness. The audit of $95 million in health benefit costs incurred at six Management and Operating contractors showed that $15.4 million of these costs were excessive compared to national norms.

1994-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

27

Benefit/cost analysis for Transportation Infrastructure: A Practitioner's Workshop:Infrastructure: A Practitioner s Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benefit/cost analysis for Transportation Infrastructure: A Practitioner's Workshop for Transportation, Policy, O i d L i iOperations, and Logistics George Mason University #12;The idea of benefit fas well as the nearer future) and a wide view (in the sense of allowing for sideeffects of many

28

Benefit/cost comparisons of SMES in system-specific application scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The inherently high storage efficiency, instantaneous dispatch capability and multi-function uses of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) are attributes that give it the potential for widespread application in the electric utility industry. Opportunities appear to exist where SMES at a given location could provide multiple benefits either simultaneously or sequentially as system conditions dictate. These benefits, including diurnal storage and system stability and dynamic control enhancement, increase the application potential of SMES to a larger number of opportunities than might be justified by the value of its diurnal storage capability alone. However, the benefits an individual utility may realize from SMES applications are strongly influenced by the characteristics of the utility system, the location of the SMES unit and the timing of its installation in the system. Such benefits are typically not evaluated adequately in generic studies. This paper summarizes results of case studies performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with funding provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The derivation of SMES benefits and costs are described and benefit/cost (B/C) ratios are compared in system-specific scenarios of interest to BPA. Results of using the DYNASTORE production cost model show the sensitivity of B/C ratios to SMES capacity and power and to the forecast system load. Intermediate-size SMES applications which primarily provide system stability and dynamic control enhancement are reviewed. The potential for SMES to levelize the output of a wind energy complex is also assessed. Most of the cases show SMES to provide a positive net benefit with the additional, sometimes surprising indication, that B/C ratios and net present worth of intermediate-size units can exceed those of larger systems.

De Steese, J.G.; Dagle, J.E.; Kreid, D.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Haner, J.M.; Myers, W.E. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Planning manual for energy resource development on Indian lands. Volume I. Benefit--cost analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Section II follows a brief introduction and is entitled ''Benefit-Cost Analysis Framework.'' The analytical framework deals with two major steps involved in assessing the pros and cons of energy resource development (or any other type of development). The first is to identify and describe the overall tribal resource planning and decision process. The second is to develop a detailed methodological approach to the assessment of the benefits and costs of energy development alternatives within the context of the tribe's overall planning process. Sections III, IV, and V present the application of the benefit-cost analysis methodology to coal; oil and gas; and uranium, oil shale, and geothermal development, respectively. The methodology creates hypothetical examples that illustrate realistic development opportunities for the majority of tribes that have significant reserves of one or more of the resources that may be economic to develop.

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Geothermal exploration and resource assessment: R and D program benefit/cost analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Geothermal Exploration and Resource and Reservoir Assessment (GERRA) Research and Development (R and D) Program of the Department of Energy was analyzed to evaluate its cost effectiveness and relevance to the needs of the geothermal exploration industry. This analysis was conducted in three phases. The first phase involved a review of the state-of-the-art and an identification of major R and D needs, followed by a quantitative assessment of the benefits expected from the achievement of some realistic targets for reducing the proportion of unsuccessful (non-productive) wells drilled in the course of exploration for a reservoir. In the second phase, questionnaires concerning the utility, effectiveness and need for improvement of certain commonly used exploration techniques were mailed to a set of 72 individuals active in geothermal exploration. The third phase consisted of in-person interviews with well recognized experts in geothermal exploration. The results of the quantitative analysis suggest that a benefit/cost ratio exceeding ten can be realized for the R and D expenditure by achieving a relatively modest target of improving the current weighted average exploratory drilling success ratio by 3 percentage points (i.e., from 0.24 to 0.27). The responses to the mailed questionnaires indicated that the emphasis of R and D should be on improving the data interpretation capability rather than the data collection (measurement) capability.Liquid geochemistry, seismic methods and thermal methods were identified as the techniques deserving most attention. The in-person interviews revealed that the industry is more concerned about finding buyers (utilities) for the discovered resources than about finding new resources in the near term.

Dhillon, H.; El-Sawy, A.; Goldstein, S.; Meidav, T.; Pfundstein, R.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Benefit/Cost Analysis of Geothermal Technology R&D. Volume III: Energy Extraction and Utilization Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes the benefit/cost relationship for 44 research and development (R and D) projects being funded by the Utilization Technology Branch (UTB) of the Division of Geothermal Energy (DGE), Department of Energy (DOE) as a part of its Energy Extraction and Conversion Technology program. The benefits were computed in terms of the savings resulting from the reduction in the cost of electricity projected to be generated at 27 hydrothermal prospects in the US between 1978 and 2000, due to technological improvements brought about by successful R and D. The costs of various projects were estimated by referring to the actual expenditures already incurred and the projected future budgets for these projects. In certain cases, the expected future expenditures had to be estimated on the basis of the work which would need to be done to carry a project to the commercialization stage.

Dhillon, Harpal S.; Nguyen, Van Thanh; Pfundstein, Richard T.; Entingh, Daniel J.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Exploratory benefit-cost analysis of environmental controls on hydrothermal energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study of the value of environmental benefits generated by environmental regulation of hydrothermal sites was initiated to compare these benefits with the estimated costs of regulation. Primary objectives were to 1) evaluate the environmental damages caused by unregulated hydrothermal resource development, 2) use existing environmental and economic data to estimate the dollar value of preventing expected environmental damages at two sites, and 3) compare the benefits and costs of preventing the damages. The sites chosen for analyses were in the Imperial Valley at Heber and Niland, California. Reasons for this choice were 1) there is a high level of commercial interest in developing the Heber known geothermal resource area (KGRA) and the Salton Sea KGRA; 2) the potential for environmental damage is high; 3) existing data bases for these two sites are more comprehensive than at other sites. The primary impacts analyzed were those related to hydrogen sulfide (H/sub 2/S) emissions and those related to disposal of spent hydrothermal brine. (MHR)

Scott, M.J.; Wells, K.D.; Currie, J.W.; King, M.J.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Summary of the presentations at the international workshop on reducing carbon dioxide emissions from the developing world: Assessment of benefits, costs and barriers  

SciTech Connect

The ``International Workshop on Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Developing World: Assessment of Benefits, Costs and Barriers`` was the second workshop held as part of a project being conducted by the International Energy Studies Group of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, in collaboration with experts from leading institutions across the developing world. The goal of the project is to analyze long-range energy consumption in developing countries and its potential contribution to global climate change. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is supporting this work, the results of which already have made a key contribution to the technical analysis being used as the basis for discussion by the Energy and Industry Sub-group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The main purpose of this workshop was two-fold: (1) to discuss the feasibility of implementing the efficiency improvements and fuel switching measures incorporated into the long-term energy scenarios created for 17 developing countries and (2) to examine the costs and benefits of reducing energy-related carbon dioxide emissions generated by developing countries.

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Summary of the presentations at the international workshop on reducing carbon dioxide emissions from the developing world: Assessment of benefits, costs and barriers  

SciTech Connect

The International Workshop on Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Developing World: Assessment of Benefits, Costs and Barriers'' was the second workshop held as part of a project being conducted by the International Energy Studies Group of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, in collaboration with experts from leading institutions across the developing world. The goal of the project is to analyze long-range energy consumption in developing countries and its potential contribution to global climate change. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is supporting this work, the results of which already have made a key contribution to the technical analysis being used as the basis for discussion by the Energy and Industry Sub-group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The main purpose of this workshop was two-fold: (1) to discuss the feasibility of implementing the efficiency improvements and fuel switching measures incorporated into the long-term energy scenarios created for 17 developing countries and (2) to examine the costs and benefits of reducing energy-related carbon dioxide emissions generated by developing countries.

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

White River Falls Fish Passage Project, Tygh Valley, Oregon : Final Technical Report, Volume III, Appendix B, Fisheries Report; Appendix C, Engineering Alternative Evaluation; Appendix D, Benefit/Cost Analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies were conducted to describe current habitat conditions in the White River basin above White River Falls and to evaluate the potential to produce anadromous fish. An inventory of spawning and rearing habitats, irrigation diversions, and enhancement opportunities for anadromous fish in the White River drainage was conducted. Survival of juvenile fish at White River Falls was estimated by releasing juvenile chinook and steelhead above the falls during high and low flow periods and recapturing them below the falls in 1983 and 1984. Four alternatives to provide upstream passage for adult salmon and steelhead were developd to a predesign level. The cost of adult passage and the estimated run size of anadromous fish were used to determine the benefit/cost of the preferred alternative. Possible effects of the introduction of anadromous fish on resident fish and on nearby Oak Springs Hatchery were evaluated. This included an inventory of resident species, a genetic study of native rainbow, and the identification of fish diseases in the basin. This volume contains appendices of habitat survey data, potential production, resident fish population data, upstream passage designs, and benefit/cost calculations. (ACR)

Oregon. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife; Mount Hood National Forest (Or.)

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

An R&D Project Management and Selection System for the Utilization Technology Branch, Division of Geothermal Energy, Volume III - Project Selection Procedure and Benefit/Cost Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report in three volumes describes an R and D project management and selection system developed for the Utilization Technology Branch of the Division of Geothermal Energy, Department of Energy. The proposed project management system (PMS) consists of a project data system (PDS) and a project selection procedure (PSP). The project data system consists of a series of project data forms and project status logs, and descriptions of information pathways. The PDS emphasizes timely monitoring of the technical and financial progress of projects, maintenance of the history of the project and rapid access to project information to facilitate responsive reporting to DGE and DOE Upper Management. The project selection procedure emphasizes a R and D product-oriented approach to benefit/cost analysis of individual projects. The report includes: (a) a description of the system, and recommendations for its implementation, (b) the PDS forms and explanation of their use, (c) a glossary of terms for use on the forms, (d) a description of the benefit/cost approach, (e) a data base for estimating R and D benefits, and (f) examples of test applications of the system to nine current DGE projects. This volume describes a proposed procedure for R and D project selection. The benefit/cost analysis part of the procedure estimates financial savings expected to result from the commercial use of hardware or process products of R and D. Savings are estimated with respect to the geothermal power plants expected to come on line between 1978 and 2000.

Dhillon, Harpal S.; Entingh, Daniel J.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies of RTOs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joseph Joseph H. Eto is a Staff Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where he manages the program office for the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions. Douglas R. Hale recently retired from the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration, where he served as a senior economist most recently working in the areas of energy price risk management, modeling electricity transmission pricing, and electricity transmission data. Bernard C. Lesieutre is a Staff Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where he conducts public-interest research on the electric power grid and electricity markets. The work described in this article was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. This article is based on a longer technical report

38

Cost Study Manual  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28, 2012 28, 2012 Cost Study Manual Executive Summary This Cost Study Manual documents the procedures for preparing a Cost Study to compare the cost of a contractor's employee benefits to the industry average from a broad-based national benefit cost survey. The annual Employee Benefits Cost Study Comparison (Cost Study) assists with the analysis of contractors' employee benefits costs. The Contracting Officer (CO) may require corrective action when the average benefit per capita cost or the benefit cost as a percent of payroll exceeds the comparator group by more than five percent. For example, if per capita benefit costs for the comparator group are $10,000 and the benefit costs as a percent of payroll for the comparator group are 20%, the threshold for the contractor's benefits as a

39

Net Interchange Schedule Forecasting of Electric Power Exchange for RTO/ISOs  

SciTech Connect

Neighboring independent system operators (ISOs) exchange electric power to enable efficient and reliable operation of the grid. Net interchange (NI) schedule is the sum of the transactions (in MW) between an ISO and its neighbors. Effective forecasting of the amount of actual NI can improve grid operation efficiency. This paper presents results of a preliminary investigation into various methods of prediction that may result in improved prediction accuracy. The methods studied are linear regression, forward regression, stepwise regression, and support vector machine (SVM) regression. The work to date is not yet conclusive. The hope is to explore the effectiveness of other prediction methods and apply all methods to at least one new data set. This should enable more confidence in the conclusions.

Ferryman, Thomas A.; Haglin, David J.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Yin, Jian; Shen, Chao; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lin, Guang; Zhou, Ning; Tong, Jianzhong

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

40

Benefit-cost in a Benevolent Society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that there is a well-de?ned cost function C( y) for publicthe private values bene?t-cost test, but is potentiallythe private values bene?t-cost test, Lemma 4 implies y-

Bergstrom, Ted

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Douglas Hale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hale Hale 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90-4000 Berkeley CA 94720 (510) 486-6095 DHale@lbl.gov This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. Publications 2006 Eto, Joseph H., Douglas R. Hale, and Bernard C. Lesieutre. "Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies of RTOs." The Electricity Journal 19, no. 10 (2006). Download: PDF (170.44 KB) 2005 Eto, Joseph H., Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Douglas R. Hale. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies., 2005. Download: PDF (196.15 KB) This Speaker's Seminars Electricity Transmission in a Restructured Industry: Data Needs for Public Policy Analysis

42

RFI Comments - ISO/RTO Council  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... RTOs have developed additional instrumentation tools to measure ... disrupted (typically related to weather incidents), the ... as a security tool as well. ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

43

U.S. Department of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12 National Electric 12 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Eastern Regional Workshop St. Louis, MO Rep. Tom Sloan, Kansas Congestion Means: Convergence of Political and Technological Limitations on Operation of Grid Price signal to incent investment in local generation or/and regional transmission or/and increased energy conservation investments An impediment to moving large amounts of lower-cost renewable energy to distant load centers An opportunity for the DOE to Partner with stakeholders on innovative programs to address the political impediments to alleviating congestion Commend DOE Efforts to Address Political Congestion: Reaching out to Lauren Azar and an RTO Engineer Carefully Considering DOE Electricity Advisory Committee Recommendations

44

Implementing Structured English Immersion (SEI) in Arizona: Benefits, Costs, Challenges, and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We used a technique known as cognitive interviews to pilotinterviews bring to survey design. With this technique, we

Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; González-Canche, Manuel; Moll, Luis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Benefit/cost analysis for research in geothermal log interpretation. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Well log interpretation, the process of inferring subsurface geology from geophysical measurements made in boreholes, is the most versatile and direct means available of assessing important physical and structural reservoir properties. Historically, well logging has been developed primarily for use in oil and gas wells, and its application in a different environment such as a geothermal reservoir creates complex problems. Present geothermal development is severely hindered by lack of data. Adaptation of well logging techniques holds the promise of reducing development costs, encouraging investment, and assisting regulatory permitting. Such benefits will translate directly into lower power costs and an increased domestic energy supply. A significant acceleration of geothermal power-on-line is possible plus cost reductions through reduction of drilling failure rate, reduction of average well cost, earlier recognition of bad wells, reduced flow testing, and savings due to provision of better data for regulatory decisions. Net undiscounted benefits in 1979 dollars from improving logging and interpretation in geothermal areas can exceed half a billion dollars in slightly more than a decade, about 300 million of this should be regarded as the potential benefit of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory Geothermal Log Interpretation Program or similar research.

Rigby, F.A.; Reardon, P.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Benefit-cost analysis of DOE's Current Federal Program to increase hydrothermal resource utilization. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The impact of DOE's Current Federal Program on the commercialization of hydrothermal resources between 1980 and 2000 is analyzed. The hydrothermal resources of the United States and the types of DOE activities used to stimulate the development of these resources for both electric power and direct heat use are described briefly. The No Federal Program and the Current Federal Program are then described in terms of funding levels and the resultant market penetration estimates through 2000. These market penetration estimates are also compared to other geothermal utilization forecasts. The direct benefits of the Current Federal Program are next presented for electric power and direct heat use applications. An analysis of the external impacts associated with the additional hydrothermal resource development resulting from the Current Federal Program is also provided. Included are environmental effects, national security/balance-of-payments improvements, socioeconomic impacts and materials requirements. A summary of the analysis integrating the direct benefits, external impacts and DOE program costs concludes the report.

Not Available

1981-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

Microsoft Word - RTO-QA-Summary-Final.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On Novem notice (FR (SPP), a re applies to administe period, w stakehold members kickoff we Lincoln, N Western r and email http://ww This docu response complete 1. I s R 2. I' d 9 mber 1, 2013, RN) with a rec egional transm o the transmis ered by Weste hich ended D ders, and the hip in SPP. W ebinar held N NE, Sioux Falls received writt ls Western re ww.wapa.gov ment provide provided. So d with SPP. B support West egister notice Western a additional recommen were from support an negotiatio membersh recommen m a municipa oes Western The answe customer a of the deta Questio , Western Are commendatio mission organ ssion facilities ern's Upper G December 16, public at larg Western engag ovember 13, s, SD, and Farg ten comment eceived are po

48

RTO and Balancing AuthoritProposals for EIA Surveys  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... dynamics important to integration of renewable energy sources and development of smart grid technologies and demand response. ... Net Gen Demand Forecast ...

49

Remarks for DOE Workshop Regarding Transmission Congestion Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 Remarks for DOE Workshop Regarding Transmission Congestion Study Thank you for the opportunity to speak today. I am Ed Finley and I chair the North Carolina Utilities Commission. By way of background, with the exception of a very small portion of the State - the northeast - North Carolina does not participate in a regional transmission organization, or RTO, and our electric utilities remain vertically integrated. North Carolina's electric utilities are required to plan their systems on a least-cost, integrated basis, considering generation and transmission costs, as well as energy efficiency and demand-side management. There is no retail competition in North Carolina. Regulation in North Carolina follows the "command and control" model. The NC Commission must

50

Benefit-cost analysis of DOE's Current Federal Program to increase hydrothermal resource utilization. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The impact of DOE's Current Federal Program on the commercialization of hydrothermal resources between 1980 and 2000 is analyzed. The hydrothermal resources of the United States and the types of DOE activities used to stimulate the development of these resources for both electric power and direct heat use are described briefly. The No Federal Program and the Current Federal Program are then described in terms of funding levels and the resultant market penetration estimates through 2000. These market penetration estimates are also compared to other geothermal utilization forecasts. The direct benefits of the Current Federal Program are next presented for electric power and direct heat use applications. An analysis of the external impacts associated with the additional hydrothermal resource development resulting from the Current Federal Program is also provided. Included are environmental effects, national security/balance-of-payments improvements, socioeconomic impacts and materials requirements. A summary of the analysis integrating the direct benefits, external impacts and DOE program costs concludes the report.

1981-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

51

Energy storage systems cost update : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports the methodology for calculating present worth of system and operating costs for a number of energy storage technologies for representative electric utility applications. The values are an update from earlier reports, categorized by application use parameters. This work presents an update of energy storage system costs assessed previously and separately by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Storage Systems Program. The primary objective of the series of studies has been to express electricity storage benefits and costs using consistent assumptions, so that helpful benefit/cost comparisons can be made. Costs of energy storage systems depend not only on the type of technology, but also on the planned operation and especially the hours of storage needed. Calculating the present worth of life-cycle costs makes it possible to compare benefit values estimated on the same basis.

Schoenung, Susan M. (Longitude 122 West, Menlo Park, CA)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Utilisation of Energy from Waste Filter Tars in an RTO Pollution ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An alternative is to use the energy and calorific heat value in a HTBC (high turbulence burning chamber). The energy can be used to heat the regenerative ...

53

RTO-MP-AVT-157 P1 -1 UNCLASSIFIED/UNLIMITED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ships, trucks, and trains to power plants, chemical plants, and manufacturing plants as well of Composite Laminates Through Ultrasonic Guided Wave Beam Forming Cliff J. Lissenden and Joseph L. Rose. Ultrasonic guided waves can be employed as an active structural health monitoring technique in a variety

Demirel, Melik C.

54

Long-Term Rights for New Resources: A Crucial Missing Ingredient in RTO Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unless generation that can produce low-cost energy is brought back into the mix, regional transmission organizations will become just a very expensive means to deliver high-cost energy and to allocate increasingly scarce, natural monopoly transmission resources to those prepared to pay the most. For baseload as well as renewable generation that cannot be located close to load, long-term transmission rights ensure delivery of their output at a predictable price.

Bogorad, Cynthia; Huang, William

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

on EIA’s proposed revisions . OPPD is a member of the SPP RTO ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Since the EIA-930 is to begin for reporting year 2014, OPPD will be required to report hourly balancing area interchange for only a 2 month, interim, period.

56

Benefits, costs, and trade-offs : strategic and operational decision making in the multi-mission U.S. Coast Guard : a first look  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Coast Guard performs a diverse array of missions ensuring the maritime safety and security of America as well as the stewardship of her maritime resources. It efficiently and competently performs these missions ...

Parker, Frank R. (Frank Robert)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

California Industrial Energy Efficiency Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sponsored avoided cost studies, energy efficiency programat various costs is with energy efficiency supply curves.Energy Efficiency in Industry Table 4 summarizes the benefit-cost

Coito, Fred; Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Masanet, Eric; Rafael Friedmann; Rufo, Mike

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) Energy Storage Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a nonprofit member-based organization regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). As a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO), MISO provides electricity consumers in 13 states with regional grid management and open access to transmission facilities at a tariff closely regulated by FERC. MISO follows a cycle known as the MISO Transmission Expansion Plan (MTEP) that results in annual recommendations to proceed with expansion pro...

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

59

Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a series of five case study impact evaluations of Energy Savings Plan (ESP) industrial energy efficiency projects funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Seattle City Light (City Light). These industrial sector evaluations are among the first in the Pacific Northwest to evaluate both energy and non-energy effects. The projects chosen for evaluation cover a wide range of industrial processes and end-uses. Each industrial setting, the efficiency measures installed and the processes affected are described in this paper. The report presents energy (kWh) and peak demand (kW) savings indexed to changes in production volume, an assessment of non-energy benefits to the participating customer, and cost-effectiveness analyses from four stakeholder perspectives. Levelized cost (expressed in cents per kWh) and benefit-cost ratios were calculated for each project, both including and excluding quantifiable energy non-energy benefits. A summary of conclusions and lessons learned is also provided. The evaluation team included Patrick Lilly of Regional Economic Research Inc., Paresh Parekh of Unicade Inc., D'Arcy Swanson of Pacific Sciences Inc., and Dennis Pearson at Seattle City Light.

Lilly, P.; Pearson, D.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 20, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2005 171 Dispatchable Transmission in RTO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the view of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Paper no. TPWRS- 00566-2003 R. P. O'Neill and U. Helman are with the Federal Energy Regulatory Com- mission, Office of Markets, Tariffs and Rates, The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 USA (e-mail: baldick@ece.utexas.edu). M. H. Rothkopf

Baldick, Ross

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study: Phase 1, Task 3: Technical Requirements and Procedure for Evaluation of One Scenario  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Task 2, the project team designed the Phase 1 case study to represent the 'baseline' plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) fleet of 2030 that investigates the effects of seventeen (17) value propositions (see Table 1 for complete list). By creating a 'baseline' scenario, a consistent set of assumptions and model parameters can be established for use in more elaborate Phase 2 case studies. The project team chose southern California as the Phase 1 case study location because the economic, environmental, social, and regulatory conditions are conducive to the advantages of PHEVs. Assuming steady growth of PHEV sales over the next two decades, PHEVs are postulated to comprise approximately 10% of the area's private vehicles (about 1,000,000 vehicles) in 2030. New PHEV models introduced in 2030 are anticipated to contain lithium-ion batteries and be classified by a blended mileage description (e.g., 100 mpg, 150 mpg) that demonstrates a battery size equivalence of a PHEV-30. Task 3 includes the determination of data, models, and analysis procedures required to evaluate the Phase 1 case study scenario. Some existing models have been adapted to accommodate the analysis of the business model and establish relationships between costs and value to the respective consumers. Other data, such as the anticipated California generation mix and southern California drive cycles, have also been gathered for use as inputs. The collection of models that encompasses the technical, economic, and financial aspects of Phase 1 analysis has been chosen and is described in this deliverable. The role of PHEV owners, utilities (distribution systems, generators, independent system operators (ISO), aggregators, or regional transmission operators (RTO)), facility owners, financing institutions, and other third parties are also defined.

Sikes, Karen R [ORNL; Hinds, Shaun [Sentech, Inc.; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; McGill, Ralph N [ORNL; Markel, Lawrence C [ORNL; Ziegler, Richard E [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL; Smith, Richard L [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL; Brooks, Daniel L [ORNL; Wiegman, Herman [GE Global Research; Miller, Nicholas [GE; Marano, Dr. Vincenzo [Ohio State University

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

An Empirical Valuation of Meteorological Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NOAA/EDIS Center for Environmental Assessment Services conducted a benefit-cost study of its publication on assessments of crop-related weather information for foreign countries. As a background for the investigation, a review was conducted ...

Henry E. Warren; Sharon K. LeDuc

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

New wholesale power market design using linked forward markets : a study for the DOE energy storage systems program.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report proposes a reformulation of U.S. ISO/RTO-managed wholesale electric power mar- kets for improved reliability and e ciency of system operations. Current markets do not specify or compensate primary frequency response. They also unnecessarily limit the participation of new technologies in reserve markets and o er insu cient economic inducements for new capacity invest- ment. In the proposed market reformulation, energy products are represented as physically-covered rm contracts and reserve products as physically-covered call option contracts. Trading of these products is supported by a backbone of linked ISO/RTO-managed forward markets with planning horizons ranging from multiple years to minutes ahead. A principal advantage of this reformulation is that reserve needs can be speci ed in detail, and resources can o er the services for which they are best suited, without being forced to conform to rigid reserve product de nitions. This should improve the business case for electric energy storage and other emerging technologies to provide reserve. In addition, the facilitation of price discovery should help to ensure e cient energy/reserve procurement and adequate levels of new capacity investment.

Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William; Ellison, James F.; Elliott, Ryan Thomas; Byrne, Raymond Harry; Guttromson, Ross; Tesfatsion, Leigh S. [Iowa State University, Ames, IA

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies of RTOs Title Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies: A Review of Recent Benefit-Cost Studies of RTOs Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number lbnl-62571 Year of Publication 2006 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Douglas R. Hale, and Bernard C. Lesieutre Journal The Electricity Journal Volume 19 Start Page 50 Issue 10 Date Published 12/2006 Type of Article Journal Keywords electricity markets, electricity markets and policy group Abstract Definitive assessment of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission policies on regional transmission organizations is not currently possible because of uncertainties in the data and methods used in recent benefit-cost studies as well as lack of investigation of key impacts of the formation of RTOs.

65

Microsoft PowerPoint - Walsh.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historic Congestion in the Eastern Historic Congestion in the Eastern Interconnection Midwest ISO Overview and Comments Mike Walsh Senior Director UDS, EMS, Compliance and Training Spring 2009 Technical Workshop in Support of the DOE 2009 Congestion Study March 25, 2009 2 Who We Are * Independent, non-profit organization responsible for maintaining reliable transmission of power in 14 states and one Canadian province * First Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) 3 1996 1999 Discussions begin to form Midwest ISO First Board of Directors elected 2002 FERC approval as an RTO Tariff Administration under Midwest ISO OATT 2005 Midwest Energy Markets Begin 2001 2006 Began Ancillary Services Market Initiative 2007 JOA with PJM Start-Up Reliability Coordination &

66

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for the Corn Wet Milling Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) (see Section 5.7) (Svonja, 2001). Generally, this system reuses the energy

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Ruth, Michael

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Feasibility study of upgrading Byllesby and Buck power plants on the New River in the Commonwealth of Virginia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The feasibility of upgrading alternatives of the 66-year-old Byllesby and Buck hydroelectric developments located on the New River in Virginia was investigated. Evaluation of technical, economic and environmental factors led to the conclusion that modernization of the plants could result in an annual generation increase of 20.2 GWh at a cost of $6.1 million and with a benefit-cost ratio of 2.32. The recommended retrofitting includes replacing existing runners with new, more efficiently designed runners, modifying draft tube and wicker gate, and rewinding the generators. (LCL)

Not Available

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Open-Source Software for Power Industry Research, Teaching, and Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for power Transmission grid congestion managed via some variant of Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) Prices version of the WPMP market design. #12;5 Regions Adopting Versions of WPMP Design to Date http://www.ferc.gov/industries/electric/indus-act/rto/rto-map by an Independent System Operator (ISO) or a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) Day-ahead & real-time markets

Tesfatsion, Leigh

69

Biology Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Radiation biologists study the effect of radiation on living tissue. This field, which has direct analogies to the SEE studies, looks at the damage sustained by cells in...

70

Financial Analysis of Incentive Mechanisms to Promote Energy Efficiency: Case Study of a Prototypical Southwest Utility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many state regulatory commissions and policymakers want utilities to aggressively pursue energy efficiency as a strategy to mitigate demand and energy growth, diversify the resource mix, and provide an alternative to building new, costly generation. However, as the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE 2007) points out, many utilities continue to shy away from aggressively expanding their energy efficiency efforts when their shareholder's fundamental financial interests are placed at risk by doing so. Thus, there is increased interest in developing effective ratemaking and policy approaches that address utility disincentives to pursue energy efficiency or lack of incentives for more aggressive energy efficiency efforts. New regulatory initiatives to promote increased utility energy efficiency efforts also affect the interests of consumers. Ratepayers and their advocates are concerned with issues of fairness, impacts on rates, and total consumer costs. From the perspective of energy efficiency advocates, the quid pro quo for utility shareholder incentives is the obligation to acquire all, or nearly all, achievable cost-effective energy efficiency. A key issue for state regulators and policymakers is how to maximize the cost-effective energy efficiency savings attained while achieving an equitable sharing of benefits, costs and risks among the various stakeholders. In this study, we modeled a prototypical vertically-integrated electric investor-owned utility in the southwestern US that is considering implementing several energy efficiency portfolios. We analyze the impact of these energy efficiency portfolios on utility shareholders and ratepayers as well as the incremental effect on each party when lost fixed cost recovery and/or utility shareholder incentive mechanisms are implemented. A primary goal of our quantitative modeling is to provide regulators and policymakers with an analytic framework and tools that assess the financial impacts of alternative incentive approaches on utility shareholders and customers if energy efficiency is implemented under various utility operating, cost, and supply conditions.We used and adapted a spreadsheet-based financial model (the Benefits Calculator) which was developed originally as a tool to support the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE). The major steps in our analysis are displayed graphically in Figure ES- 1. Two main inputs are required: (1) characterization of the utility which includes its initial financial and physical market position, a forecast of the utility?s future sales, peak demand, and resource strategy to meet projected growth; and (2) characterization of the Demand-Side Resource (DSR) portfolio ? projected electricity and demand savings, costs and economic lifetime of a portfolio of energy efficiency (and/or demand response) programs that the utility is planning or considering implementing during the analysis period. The Benefits Calculator also estimates total resource costs and benefits of the DSR portfolio using a forecast of avoided capacity and energy costs. The Benefits Calculator then uses inputs provided in the Utility Characterization to produce a ?business-as usual? base case as well as alternative scenarios that include energy efficiency resources, including the corresponding utility financial budgets required in each case. If a decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism are instituted, the Benefits Calculator model readjusts the utility?s revenue requirement and retail rates accordingly. Finally, for each scenario, the Benefits Calculator produces several metrics that provides insights on how energy efficiency resources, decoupling and/or a shareholder incentive mechanism impacts utility shareholders (e.g. overall earnings, return on equity), ratepayers (e.g., average customer bills and rates) and society (e.g. net resource benefits).

Cappers, Peter; Goldman, Charles; Chait, Michele; Edgar, George; Schlegel, Jeff; Shirley, Wayne

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

71

Erosion and Sediment Damages and Economic Impacts of Potential 208 Controls: A Summary of Five Watershed Studies in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes results of economic analyses of erosion and sedimentation in five agricultural watersheds in Texas (see fig. 1). Economic analyses of the study areas considered both the on-farm economics of soil conservation and the economic consequences of various sedimentation control options. These topics were joined in the studies because they deal with different facets of the same problem. Unlike some potential pollutants, soil particles transported from a farmer's field that may become a problem downstream are a valuable resource, not a waste product. Because soil is valuable in itself, some level of soil conservation is going to be economically desirable even if downstream damages are not present or are not considered by the farmer. Results of the studies show that soil conservation does indeed pay in many situations and that its value is greater the longer the planning horizon of a farmer. This suggests that an educational program in this regard may reduce sediment damage while increasing farm income at the same time . Sediment can cause environmental damage (off-site costs) both directly and indirectly. Directly, the soil particles can cause environmental damage by filling up reservoirs and flood control structures and by deposition in other places. Indirectly, sediment can cause environmental costs by carrying plant nutrients that are potential pollutants. For the study watersheds, no evidence was found that the concentration of plant nutrients in the water posed health hazards to livestock or humans, nor caused undue eutrophication in the watersheds. Consequently, the study focused on off-site sediment damages resulting from shortened economic lives of reservoir and flood control structures and from sediment deposition in the watershed. Annualized off-site sediment damages ranged from a high of 26 cents per ton of gross erosion in Lake Lavon watershed to 14 cents per ton of gross erosion in Duck Creek, to 13.5 cents per ton of gross erosion in Lower Running Water Draw, to a negligible amount in Turkey Creek and Cameron County. These estimates are considerably lower than off-site sediment damages in corn belt watersheds (Lee & Guntermann). Policy Options for Controlling Sediment Public policies that can be implemented to abate off-site sediment damages include direct regulation, provision of economic incentives, education, and public investment. For point sources of pollutants, regulations are typically directed toward the pollutant at or near the point of emission into waterways. However, this is infeasible with non-point sources such as sediment because they enter waterways at an infinite number of points. Hence, regulations must be directed toward the practices that cause erosion and thus sedimentation. The economic incentive option includes alternatives such as Federal or State cost-sharing for adoption of conservation practices, and disincentives such as taxes or penalties on erosion. Education is a viable policy option in situations where producers are not adopting soil conservation practices that would be profitable. In these situations a successful education program would increase producer's income as well as reducing off-site sediment damages. Public investment could be used to pay for dredging sediment from reservoirs and flood control structures to prevent loss of flood control, water supply and recreational benefits. Social benefits and costs of various policy options based on direct regulation, taxation, and provision of economic incentives were estimated for three watersheds: Lake Lavon, Duck Creek, and Lower Running Water Draw. Items considered in the benefit-cost analysis were: (a) farm income consequences; (b) off-site sediment damages abated; (c) governmental cost or revenue; and (d) administration and enforcement costs associated with each policy. The major conclusion of this social benefit and cost analysis is that off-site damages are not large enough to warrant controls on agricultural activities in any of the watersheds; that i

Taylor, C. R.; Reneau, D. R.; Harris, B. L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Ecological Studies  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Studies Book 1 Rulison Animal (and Fish) Printout . . Results g4-..* 9%- mc,-y----T. . , -..-- x.. ? ,.-: ? . - ; : . * r - . - . ; r m - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

73

Irradiation Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors II: Irradiation Studies Sponsored by: TMS Structural Materials Division, ...

74

This Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This Study Several studies demonstrated aerosol indirect e ect such as modi cations of cloud properties due to aerosols and corresponding changes in shortwave and longwave radiative uxes. Some recent studies indicated aerosol indirect e ects may not be the primary modulator of cloud optical properties in certain situations. They implied other processes were impacting the cloud optical properties (Kim et al., JGR 2003). To study these other impacts, we extend a previous study to investigate the role of adiabaticity facilitated by mixing in modulating cloud optical properties. We quantify the e ects of mixing by measuring the ratio of the observed cloud water path to its adiabatic value, (adiabaticity, α). The screening criteria for relatively homogeneous stratus

75

Benefits from flywheel energy storage for area regulation in California - demonstration results : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems program.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a high-level analysis of the benefit and cost for flywheel energy storage used to provide area regulation for the electricity supply and transmission system in California. Area regulation is an 'ancillary service' needed for a reliable and stable regional electricity grid. The analysis was based on results from a demonstration, in California, of flywheel energy storage developed by Beacon Power Corporation (the system's manufacturer). Demonstrated was flywheel storage systems ability to provide 'rapid-response' regulation. Flywheel storage output can be varied much more rapidly than the output from conventional regulation sources, making flywheels more attractive than conventional regulation resources. The performance of the flywheel storage system demonstrated was generally consistent with requirements for a possible new class of regulation resources - 'rapid-response' energy-storage-based regulation - in California. In short, it was demonstrated that Beacon Power Corporation's flywheel system follows a rapidly changing control signal (the ACE, which changes every four seconds). Based on the results and on expected plant cost and performance, the Beacon Power flywheel storage system has a good chance of being a financially viable regulation resource. Results indicate a benefit/cost ratio of 1.5 to 1.8 using what may be somewhat conservative assumptions. A benefit/cost ratio of one indicates that, based on the financial assumptions used, the investment's financial returns just meet the investors target.

Eyer, James M. (Distributed Utility Associates, Livermore, CA)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Benefits from flywheel energy storage for area regulation in California - demonstration results : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems program.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents a high-level analysis of the benefit and cost for flywheel energy storage used to provide area regulation for the electricity supply and transmission system in California. Area regulation is an 'ancillary service' needed for a reliable and stable regional electricity grid. The analysis was based on results from a demonstration, in California, of flywheel energy storage developed by Beacon Power Corporation (the system's manufacturer). Demonstrated was flywheel storage systems ability to provide 'rapid-response' regulation. Flywheel storage output can be varied much more rapidly than the output from conventional regulation sources, making flywheels more attractive than conventional regulation resources. The performance of the flywheel storage system demonstrated was generally consistent with requirements for a possible new class of regulation resources - 'rapid-response' energy-storage-based regulation - in California. In short, it was demonstrated that Beacon Power Corporation's flywheel system follows a rapidly changing control signal (the ACE, which changes every four seconds). Based on the results and on expected plant cost and performance, the Beacon Power flywheel storage system has a good chance of being a financially viable regulation resource. Results indicate a benefit/cost ratio of 1.5 to 1.8 using what may be somewhat conservative assumptions. A benefit/cost ratio of one indicates that, based on the financial assumptions used, the investment's financial returns just meet the investors target.

Eyer, James M. (Distributed Utility Associates, Livermore, CA)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

VALUE STUDY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF CONTRACT RESOURCES AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SEPTEMBER 2008 UPDATE BY: AON CONSULTING INC. FEBRUARY 1999 UPDATED SEPTEMBER 29, 2008 VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts...................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Purpose................................................................................................................................................... 4

78

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather model using an ensemble approach. The accuracy of the forecast trends and uncertainty bounds are validated using real meteorological data. We present a numerical simulation study in a building system to demonstrate the developments.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Study Case Study M2M Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 An irrigation pump connected to a web---to---wireless controller designed by M2M Communications. Agricultural Demand Response Program in California Helps Farmers Reduce Peak Electricity Usage, Operate More Efficiently Year---Round The development of a two---way, web---to---wireless controller for irrigation pumps is the foundation for an agricultural demand response program in California. Designed by M2M Communications of Boise, Idaho, the controller is part of an irrigation load control system that also includes sensors, smart meters, and other monitoring equipment. Partially funded with $2.2 million in Recovery Act stimulus funds awarded by the U.S. Department of

80

Fundamental Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Support of GEO-SEQ LBNL's Consolidated Sequestration Research Program (CSRP) Project Number FWP ESD09-056 Tom Daley Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Infrastructure for CCS August 20-22, 2013 2 Presentation Outline * Benefits and Goals of Fundamental Studies * Technical Status - Petrophysical Relationships - Geochemical Processes - Monitoring Instrumentation * Accomplishments and Summary 3 Benefit to the Program * Program goals being addressed: - Develop and validate technologies to ensure 99 percent storage permanence. - Develop technologies to improve reservoir storage efficiency while ensuring containment effectiveness

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Systems Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity; the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the US. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated BioEnergy Systems (TBS) Activity of TEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the US and the UK. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modeling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from technoeconomic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the US. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review.

Graham, R.L.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

82

Septic Complication After Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration of Duodenal Variceal Bleeding  

SciTech Connect

We report a 64-year-old woman with duodenal varices who underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) complicated by intraprocedural variceal rupture. The patient developed shivering and a fever higher than 40{sup o}C 3 days after the B-RTO procedure. A blood culture grew Entereobacter cloacoe. This case represents a rare septic complication of B-RTO for duodenal varices.

Akasaka, Thai; Shibata, Toshiya, E-mail: ksj@kuhp.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Isoda, Hiroyoshi [Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Taura, Kojiro [Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Surgery (Japan); Arizono, Shigeki; Shimada, Kotaro; Togashi, Kaori [Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Part 1: Background, Policies and Test Plan ... 1-COM-001— NERCnet Security Policy, Sector-Specific, Energy - Electric,, 040813_iso_rto_council ...

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Others * EPRI * Financial Firms * R&D Organizations Government * Federal * State * Local Utilities * IOU's * Publics * RTO ISO * Power marketers Advocacy * EEI *...

85

Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Supply Co LLC Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 23279 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity...

86

City of Burlingame, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form...

87

Allegheny Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 332 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

88

Village of Plymouth, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 15203 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form...

89

City of Vineland, New Jersey (Utility Company) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 19856 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

90

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. ... so the RTO runs an optimization every five minutes to handle needed adjustments.

91

Despite customer outages, wholesale electric markets operated ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... though the RTO did declare a Minimum Generation Event, a signal that the dispatcher could not match decreasing load and emergency reducible ...

92

Applying wind turbines and battery storage to defer Orcas Power and Light Company distribution circuit upgrades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to conduct a detailed assessment of the Orcas Power and Light Company (OPALCO) system to determine the potential for deferring the costly upgrade of the 25-kV Lopez- Eastsound circuit, by the application of a MW-scale wind farm and battery storage facilities as appropriate. Local wind resource data has been collected over the past year and used to determine MW-scale wind farm performance. This hourly wind farm performance data is used with measured hourly Eastsound load data, and recent OPALCO distribution system expansion plans and cost projections in performing this detailed benefit-cost assessment. The OPALCO distribution circuit expansion project and assumptions are described. MW-scale wind farm performance results are given. The economic benefit-cost results for the wind farm and battery storage applications on the OPALCO system using OPALCO system design criteria and cost assumptions are reported. A recalculation is presented of the benefit-cost results for similar potential wind farm and battery storage applications on other utility systems with higher marginal energy and demand costs. Conclusions and recommendations are presented.

Zaininger, H.W.; Barnes, P.R. [Zaininger Engineering Co., Inc., San Jose, CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Baldrige Stock Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Baldrige Stock Studies. From 1994 through 2004, the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program conducted studies around ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

94

Leigh Tesfatsion Professor of Econ, Math, and Electrical & Computer Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission Grid #12;6 Core Features of FERC's Market Design · Market to be managed by an Independent System-settlement system: Concurrent operation of day-ahead (forward) & real-time (spot) markets · Transmission grid://www.ferc.gov/industries/electric/indus-act/rto/rto-map.asp #12;5 U.S. Wholesale Electric Power

Tesfatsion, Leigh

95

Leigh Tesfatsion Professor of Econ, Math, and Electrical and Comp. Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SystemsThe Complexity of Power Systems #12;4 U.S. Wholesale Electric Power Transmission Grid #12;5 North (CAISO) #12;6 FERC Wholesale Power Market Design Adopters to Date http://www.ferc.gov/industries/electric/indus-act/rto/rto-map

Tesfatsion, Leigh

96

C-V characteristics of epitaxial germanium metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor on GaAs substrate with ALD Al2O3 dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial germanium metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors (MOSCAP) were fabricated on GaAs substrate using atomic layer deposited Al"2O"3 gate dielectric with surface treatments including pure HF and HF plus rapid thermal oxidation (RTO). The electrical ... Keywords: ALD Al2O3, CMOS integration, Ge MOSCAP, Ge epitaxial film, RTO

Shih Hsuan Tang; Chien I. Kuo; Hai Dang Trinh; Mantu Hudait; Edward Yi Chang; Ching Yi Hsu; Yung Hsuan Su; Guang-Li Luo; Hong Quan Nguyen

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Blue Chip Consensus US GDP Forecast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and metro area from Moody’s Economy.com Equivalent to US-level Gross Domestic Product ? The GMP forecasts have a large impact on the peak load forecasts Rule of thumb: 1 % growth in RTO GMP ? approx. 1,000 MW growth in forecast RTO peak load

James F. Wilson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Performance Evaluation (Impact Studies)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST-EEEL: Laser and Fiberoptic Power and Energy Calibration Services ... Also available are Strategic Planning Studies and Policy Studies. ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

99

Naval applications study areas  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum discusses study areas and items that will require attention for the naval studies of the utilization of nuclear propulsion in a submarine-based missile system.

Hadley, J. W.

1962-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

100

Wind/Hydro Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Announcements (Updated July 8, 2010) The Final WindHydro Integration Feasibility Study Report, dated June 2, 2009, has been submitted to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

NP Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(BES) Biological and Environmental Science (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Agenda Hotel Case Studies Case Study Worksheets...

102

ORISE: Worker Health Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Worker Health Studies Capabilities Overview Illness and Injury Surveillance Worker Health Research Medical Data Management Beryllium Exposure Studies and Testing Radiation Exposure...

103

Underwater Glider System Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leonard, N. E. , “ONR Underwater Glider Systems Study GliderDavis. The Autonomous Underwater Glider Spray. IEEE Journalto the ONR Committee for Underwater Glider Systems Study,

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

National Transmission Grid Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Study Grid Study U.S. Department of Energy The Honorable Spencer Abraham Secretary of Energy May 2002 ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study i ii National Transmission Grid Study National Transmission Grid Study iii How This Study Was Conducted The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE's Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE's analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation's transmission

105

INSERT PRESENTATION TITLE HERE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S. Department of Energy S. Department of Energy National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshop Saint Louis, Missouri December 8, 2011 Maureen A. Borkowski President & CEO, Ameren Transmission Company 2 CONGESTION IN THE MIDWEST * Midwest ISO performs regular congestion studies looking at historical and expected future congestion - Top Congested Flowgate Study - Cross-Border Congested Flowgates (with PJM) * Significant congestion exists in several areas - Southeast Missouri, Southern Illinois and Indiana - Chicago area, Southern Wisconsin and Northern Indiana surrounding Lake Michigan - Indiana and Kentucky border * Historically, dozens of transmission projects were evaluated to mitigate congestion on the top congested flowgates - RECB II Benefit/Cost Threshold was used - Only one small project passed the criteria

106

WTC Disaster Study Recommendations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Technical aspects of evacuation and emergency response procedures; Specific ... resulting from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster study impact ...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

107

Science DMZ Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Studies About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ CU Science DMZ Penn State & VTTI Science DMZ NOAA Science DMZ NERSC Science DMZ ALS Multi-facility Workflow LCLS ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Careers Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science DMZ Case Studies Developed by ESnet engineers, the Science DMZ model addresses common network performance problems encountered at any institution by creating an environment that is tailored to the needs of high performance science

108

Thermodynamic Modeling Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Studies Modeling Studies J. Lindner, L. T. Smith, J. C. Luthe, L. Pearson. R. K. Toghiani, Y. Xia, and P. Naik Institute for Clean Energy Technology Mississippi State University May 20,2009 Initial Tank Composition Remove liquid to reflect undrained saltcake Stage 1 Dissolution Remove transfer stream 1 liquids transfer stream 0 liquids recycle solids liquids transfer stream 1 liquids recycle solids Next Stage of Dissolution DWPF recycle Thermodynamic Modeling Studies 2 Overview of Presentation * Database Activities and Needs * C farm retrievals and neural network development * Thermodynamic data and computational methods for liquid waste flowsheet modeling (SRS) * Aluminum solubility studies Thermodynamic Modeling Studies 3 Database Activities and Needs * Earlier a mid-term study addressed the solubility of a number of systems if

109

Institute for Advanced Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institute for Advanced Studies Institute for Advanced Studies Institute for Advanced Studies NMC leverages the strengths of three research universities to build joint programs, develop strategic partnerships, provide common organization and facilities. Contact Leader TBD LANL Program Administrator Pam Hundley (505) 663-5453 Email Building regional partnerships in education, leveraging strengths of three research universities The Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS) works with the three New Mexico research universities (University of New Mexico, New Mexico Tech, and New Mexico State University) to develop research and educational collaborations and partnerships. To facilitate interactions between the universities and LANL, the three New Mexico schools established the New Mexico Consortium (NMC), a nonprofit

110

Documents: Engineering Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Depleted UF6 99 KB details HTML Icon Preconceptual Design Studies and Cost Data of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Conversion Plants 4 KB details Engineering Analysis Report...

111

Neutrino Factory Feasibility Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Witherell's Letter (Postscript) Final Version of the Neutrino Source Study Report (PDF) Organization Chart (Postscript) Two Day Meeting at Fermilab on February 15-16, 2000...

112

3D Microstructure Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2012 ... 2012 Summer School on 3D Microstructure Studies ... analysis of serial section data and synthetic microstructure generation, executables are.

113

Front End StudiesFront End Studies--International Design StudyInternational Design Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/MC Concepts developed during study 2A Concern on Vrf' as function of Bsol Need baseline design for IDS need optimize with lower fields · V'rf

McDonald, Kirk

114

Firefighter Fatality & Injury Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Firefighter Fatality & Injury Studies. Wind-Driven Fire in a Ranch-Style House in Texas, 2009. On April 12, 2009, a fire in ...

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

115

A Molecular Simulation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Enhanced CO2 Adsorption in Ti-exchanged Zirconium Organic Frameworks – A Molecular Simulation Study. Author(s), Ravichandar Babarao ...

116

Supplying Water Social Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Handbook of Engaged Learning Projects SUPPLYING OUR WATER NEEDS: Africa Project Summary Scenario Student Pages References Index SubjectContent Area: World CulturesSocial Studies...

117

International Energy Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phadke AAPhadke@lbl.gov (510) 486-6855 Links International Energy Studies Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Electricity Grid Energy Analysis Appliance Energy...

118

OSCARS Case Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feedback: info@es.net OSCARS Case Study OSCARS Virtual Circuits Extend JGI Network Capacity The Challenge In February 2010, the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) at Lawrence Berkeley...

119

Contemporary China Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contemporary China Studies Postgraduate #12;Programme: Contemporary China Studies Postgraduate1 Chinese - Level 2 5 2 · Basic vocabulary & grammar Dealing with China: 3 1 Intercultural management · China's political constellation and its impact on business life · Human resources issues for China

Steels, Luc

120

Geysers reservoir studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

LBL is conducting several research projects related to issues of interest to The Geysers operators, including those that deal with understanding the nature of vapor-dominated systems, measuring or inferring reservoir processes and parameters, and studying the effects of liquid injection. All of these topics are directly or indirectly relevant to the development of reservoir strategies aimed at stabilizing or increasing production rates of non-corrosive steam, low in non-condensable gases. Only reservoir engineering studies will be described here, since microearthquake and geochemical projects carried out by LBL or its contractors are discussed in accompanying papers. Three reservoir engineering studies will be described in some detail, that is: (a) Modeling studies of heat transfer and phase distribution in two-phase geothermal reservoirs; (b) Numerical modeling studies of Geysers injection experiments; and (c) Development of a dual-porosity model to calculate mass flow between rock matrix blocks and neighboring fractures.

Bodvarsson, G.S.; Lippmann, M.J.; Pruess, K.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

VALUE STUDY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY More Documents & Publications VALUE STUDY...

122

Decontamination solution development studies  

SciTech Connect

This study was conducted for the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of the Hanford Grout Technology Program (HGTP). The objective of this study was to identify decontamination solutions capable of removing radioactive contaminants and grout from the Grout Treatment Facility (GTF) process equipment and to determine the impact of these solutions on equipment components and disposal options. The reference grout used in this study was prepared with simulated double-shell slurry feed (DSSF) and a dry blend consisting of 40 wt % limestone flour, 28 wt % blast furnace slag, 28 wt % fly ash, and 4 wt % type I/II Portland cement.

Allen, R.P.; Fetrow, L.K.; Kjarmo, H.E.; Pool, K.H.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Independent Health Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Independent Health Studies Independent Health Studies A study of cancer rates within a 15-mile radius of Brookhaven National Laboratory found no relationship between Brookhaven Lab and cancer. Suffolk County Task Force Report (PDF) New York State Department of Health Cancer Registry Report (PDF) Report of the Rhabdomyosarcoma Task Force (PDF) According to a 1998 report by the Suffolk County Environmental Task Force on the Laboratory, "cancer rates of all types of cancers [the task force] studied are not elevated near BNL" for the years 1979-93. Task Force Chair Roger Grimson, a biostatistician and an associate professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, concluded in a Newsday article at that time, "There is no link between Brookhaven National Lab and

124

Front End StudiesFront End Studies International Design StudyInternational Design Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/MC Concepts developed during study 2A Concern on Vrf' as function of Bsol Need baseline design for IDS need longer than nB = 10 optimize with lower fields · V'rf

McDonald, Kirk

125

Front End StudiesFront End Studies--International Design StudyInternational Design Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed during study 2A Concern on Vrf' as function of Bsol Need baseline design for IDS need baseline longer than nB = 10 optimize with lower fields · V'rf

McDonald, Kirk

126

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report includes a review of the progress made in ACTF Flow Loop development and research during 90 days pre-award period (May 15-July 14, 1999) and the following three months after the project approval date (July15-October 15, 1999) The report presents information on the following specific subjects; (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development, (b) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress report on the research project ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Progress report on the instrumentation tasks (Tasks 11 and 12) (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with oil and service company members.

Ergun Kuru; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Len Volk; Mark Pickell; Evren Ozbayoglu; Barkim Demirdal; Paco Vieira; Affonso Lourenco

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

IGCC system studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems studies are performed on both the currently available, but not fully demonstrated, integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) technologies and the future technologies. The objective of these studies is to support and guide the Morgantown Energy Technology Center`s METC Strategic Product Planning efforts. Through these efforts, the research, development and demonstration needs of various alternative gasification and power island components can be quantified and factored into the overall planning processes.

Rath, L.K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

PFBC system studies  

SciTech Connect

System studies of PFBC systems are summarized in this paper. These studies include: thermal efficiency; NO{sub x} stochastic analysis; dynamic modeling; scoping studies; and hazardous air pollutant (HAP) studies. These studies are being used for various reasons: to validate the economic and environmental benefits that this technology offers the country, to identify issues associated with the commercialization of PFBC technology, and to help the DOE and its industrial partners focus on those RD&D activities which produce the biggest bang for the buck, an increasingly important goal in the present climate of increasingly tight Federal and corporate budgets. This year, the conclusion that NO{sub x} generation in the solids combustor is the most important factor in determining NO{sub x} production in an uncontrolled system was of particular significance. The initial assessment of HAP`s, showing a possible reduction in HAPs emissions if the barrier filter is operated below 600 C in a first-generation PFBC, was the first time this type of data was produced on the ability of PFBC systems to be a low HAP`s emission technology. Work will continue to improve these analytic tools used in these system studies useful for both DOE and its industrial partners.

Reed, M.E.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Normanskill Hydroelectric Facility Feasibility Assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of installing a hydroelectric generating facility at an existing dam of the Normanskill Reservoir in NY. Evaluation of the hydrologic, technical, economic, legal, instrumental and environmental factors led to the conclusion that the project is feasible and advantageous. The proposed project has a present worth net cost of $3,099,800. The benefit cost ratio is 2.36. It is estimated that the proposed hydroelectric generating facility at the French's Mills site, City of Watervliet Reservoir will replace approximately 6,000 barrels of foreign oil per year. (LCL)

Besha, J.A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between Oct 1, 2000 and December 31, 2000. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 2: Addition of a foam generation and breaker system), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (h) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members. The tasks Completed During This Quarter are Task 7 and Task 8.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira; Lei Zhou

2000-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

131

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first quarterly progress report for Year 2 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in Flow Loop development and research during the period of time between July 14, 2000 and September 30, 2000. This report presents information on the following specific tasks: (a) Progress in Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility design and development (Task 2), (b) Progress on research project (Task 8): ''Study of Flow of Synthetic Drilling Fluids Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (c) Progress on research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (d) Progress on research project (Task 7): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Muds Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (e) Progress on research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (f) Initiate research on project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (g) Progress on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution (Tasks 11), and Foam properties (Task 12), (h) Initiate a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. Since the previous Task 1 has been completed, we will now designate this new task as: (Task 1S). (i) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Barkim Demirdal; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Paco Vieira

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

132

Operations Information for Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operations Information for Studies Operations Information for Studies This page contains historical information about hydropower operations. Reclamation UC Region 24-Month Studies FY2009 Load Information (pdf) SLIP total customer loads for Fiscal Year 2009 (Oct, 2008-Sept, 2009) FY2010 Load Information (pdf) SLIP total customer loads for Fiscal Year 2010 (Oct, 2009-Sept, 2010) FY2011 Load Information (pdf) SLIP total customer loads for Fiscal Year 2011 (Oct, 2010-Sept, 2011) FY2012 Load Information (pdf) SLIP total customer loads for Fiscal Year 2012 (Oct, 2011-Sept, 2012) FY2013 Load Information (pdf) SLIP total customer loads for Fiscal Year 2013 (Oct, 2012-Sept, 2013) CRSP Projected Power Releases From USBR (Excel) The most recent file of projected future power releases from CRSP Dams, median projection

133

Seal design alternatives study  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results from a study of various sealing alternatives for the WIPP sealing system. Overall, the sealing system has the purpose of reducing to the extent possible the potential for fluids (either gas or liquid) from entering or leaving the repository. The sealing system is divided into three subsystems: drift and panel seals within the repository horizon, shaft seals in each of the four shafts, and borehole seals. Alternatives to the baseline configuration for the WIPP seal system design included evaluating different geometries and schedules for seal component installations and the use of different materials for seal components. Order-of-magnitude costs for the various alternatives were prepared as part of the study. Firm recommendations are not presented, but the advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives are discussed. Technical information deficiencies are identified and studies are outlined which can provide required information.

Van Sambeek, L.L. [RE/SPEC Inc., Rapid City, SD (US); Luo, D.D.; Lin, M.S.; Ostrowski, W.; Oyenuga, D. [Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc., San Francisco, CA (US)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

How We Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How We Study How We Study Make Observations Develop and Apply Models Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally How We Study Print E-mail No single scientific discipline or research method can address the full range of questions related to global change. Physical, geological, chemical, biological, ecological, social, behavioral, and economic processes interact with each other in various ways-with changes to one system inevitably affecting many others. Understanding the full picture of complex interactions requires diverse expertise, capabilities, and scientific approaches-ranging from controlled laboratory experimentation and field research campaigns, to modeling of complex multivariate systems and analyzing data trends across vast scales of time and space.

135

Value Study Desk Manual  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Contractor Human Resources Policy Division September 26, 2012 UPDATE VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 28, 2008 Update Prepared for: DOE By: Aon Hewitt Inc. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 26, 2012 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts ..................................................................................... 1

136

Amtrak fuel consumption study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a study of fuel consumption on National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) trains and is part of an effort to determine effective ways of conserving fuel on the Amtrak system. The study was performed by the Transportation Systems Center (TSC). A series of 26 test runs were conducted on Amtrak trains operating between Boston, Massachusetts, and New Haven, Connecticut, to measure fuel consumption, trip time and other fuel-use-related parameters. The test data were analyzed and compared with results of the TSC Train Performance Simulator replicating the same operations.

Hitz, J.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Morphing Terminology Study  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates methods of automatically identifying and characterizing significant transitions in term usage over time. Within scientific literature, the occurrence of terms reflects the use of technologies and techniques as well as the study of specific species and materials. Transitions in terminology usage may be a result of vocabulary standardization or specialization in which terms are replaced with their shorter form. They may also be a result of new applications, combinations, alternatives, or interests that result in the appearance of new or existing terminology in unexpected contexts.

Rose, Stuart J.; Brockman, Fred J.; Hart, Michelle L.; Engel, David W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Calapristi, Augustin J.

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

138

Effective passivation of the low resistivity silicon surface by a rapid thermal oxide/PECVD silicon nitride stack and its application to passivated rear and bifacial Si solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel stack passivation scheme, in which plasma silicon nitride (SiN) is stacked on top of a rapid thermal SiO{sub 2} (RTO) layer, is developed to attain a surface recombination velocity (S) approaching 10 cm/s at the 1.3 {Omega}-cm p-type (100) silicon surface. Such low S is achieved by the stack even when the RTO and SiN films individually yield considerably poorer surface passivation. Critical to achieving low S by the stack is the use of a short, moderate temperature anneal (in this study 730 C for 30 seconds) after film growth and deposition. This anneal is believed to enhance the release and delivery of atomic hydrogen from the SiN film to the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface, thereby reducing the density of interface traps at the surface. Compatibility with this post-deposition anneal makes the stack passivation scheme attractive for cost-effective solar cell production since a similar anneal is required to fire screen-printed contacts. Application of the stack to passivated rear screen-printed solar cells has resulted in V{sub oc}`s of 641 mV and 633 mV on 0.65 {Omega}-cm and 1.3 {Omega}-cm FZ Si substrates, respectively. These V{sub oc} values are roughly 20 mV higher than for cells with untreated, highly recombinative back surfaces. The stack passivation has also been used to form fully screen-printed bifacial solar cells which exhibit rear-illuminated efficiency as high as 11.6% with a single layer AR coating.

Rohatgi, A.; Narasimha, S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Univ. Center for Excellence in Photovoltaics Research and Education; Ruby, D.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

NGLW RCRA Storage Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory contains radioactive liquid waste in underground storage tanks at the INTEC Tank Farm Facility (TFF). INTEC is currently treating the waste by evaporation to reduce the liquid volume for continued storage, and by calcination to reduce and convert the liquid to a dry waste form for long-term storage in calcine bins. Both treatment methods and activities in support of those treatment operations result in Newly Generated Liquid Waste (NGLW) being sent to TFF. The storage tanks in the TFF are underground, contained in concrete vaults with instrumentation, piping, transfer jets, and managed sumps in case of any liquid accumulation in the vault. The configuration of these tanks is such that Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations apply. The TFF tanks were assessed several years ago with respect to the RCRA regulations and they were found to be deficient. This study considers the configuration of the current tanks and the RCRA deficiencies identified for each. The study identifies four potential methods and proposes a means of correcting the deficiencies. The cost estimates included in the study account for construction cost; construction methods to minimize work exposure to chemical hazards, radioactive contamination, and ionizing radiation hazards; project logistics; and project schedule. The study also estimates the tank volumes benefit associated with each corrective action to support TFF liquid waste management planning.

R. J. Waters; R. Ochoa; K. D. Fritz; D. W. Craig

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Eastern Frequency Response Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Control rod studies  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to answer questions asked regarding the required rod stroke for control of modified Tory II-C reactors. All problems described were solved with the Angie code and based on Tory-II-C design problems, RZ 501 and RZ 502, representing hot and cold reactors respectively.

Cole, A.

1963-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

142

Graduate studies Ecosystem Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graduate studies in Ecosystem Science and Management Ph.D. M.S. M.Agr. or Natural Resources Development MNRD Department of Ecosystem Science and Management College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The thesisbased Master of Science and Ph.D. degrees are designed for research or academic careers

143

Repowering Options Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This ongoing EPRI project documents and publishes site-specific repowering projects performed by utilities. In this study, Florida Power & Light Company (FP&L) screened several repowering alternatives applicable to four distinct sizes of steam-electric plants on its system.

1988-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

144

Retrospective Case Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project, Retrospective Case Studies (RCS) operates directly under DGE's Resource Exploration and Assessment program. The overall objectives of this project are: (1) to improve the general and specific level of understanding of geothermal systems, and (2) to improve tools and technology for geothermal exploration and assessment.

Wright, Phillip M.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

The JASMINE Pilot Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The methods and initial results of an extensive pilot study, the Joint Air-Sea Monsoon Interaction Experiment (JASMINE) held in the Indian Ocean during the summer of 1999, are described. The experimental design was based on the precept that the ...

P. J. Webster; E. F. Bradley; C. W. Fairall; J. S. Godfrey; P. Hacker; R. A. Houze Jr.; R. Lukas; Y. Serra; J. M. Hummon; T. D. M. Lawrence; C. A. Russell; M. N. Ryan; K. Sahami; P. Zuidema

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Repository seals requirements study  

SciTech Connect

The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, managed by the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Management and Operating Contractor (M and O) is conducting investigations to support the Viability Assessment and the License Application for a high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The sealing subsystem is part of the Yucca Mountain Waste Isolation System. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is currently evaluating the role of the sealing subsystem (shaft, ramp and exploratory borehole seals) in achieving the overall performance objectives for the Waste Isolation System. This report documents the results of those evaluations. This report presents the results of a repository sealing requirements study. Sealing is defined as the permanent closure of the shafts, ramps, and exploratory boreholes. Sealing includes those components that would reduce potential inflows above the repository, or that would divert flow near the repository horizon to allow vertical infiltration to below the repository. Sealing of such features as emplacement drifts was not done in this study because the current capability to calculate fracture flow into the drifts is not sufficiently mature. The objective of the study is to provide water or air flow performance based requirements for shafts, ramps, and exploratory boreholes located near the repository. Recommendations, as appropriate, are provided for developing plans, seals component testing, and other studies relating to sealing.

NONE

1997-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

147

EPRI Appliance Measurement Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a measurement survey that characterizes magnetic fields from common electronic appliances, with an emphasis on appliances that have become available since 1985. The purpose of this study was to supplement a survey of appliance magnetic fields by J. R. Gauger, which was published by IEEE in 1985.

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Neutrino Factory Feasibility Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6-1 - 6-1 - April 15 th , 2000 6. Cooling 6.1 Introduction The goal of this six-month study is an integrated design for a neutrino source, subject to realistic engineering constraints. As will become evident, the coupling between the cooling-channel design and the design of the upstream components is critical to achieving the best performance. Nevertheless, to make sufficiently rapid progress it has been necessary to design the various components semi-independently, then optimize and iterate to converge towards an integrated design. While we have not yet arrived at a fully optimized design, we have studied sufficiently the cooling channels described below to determine that their performance is limited primarily by the performance of the current phase-rotation and buncher designs. While the designs presented here suffice for an entry-level neutrino factory (10

149

Water Transport Exploratory Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exploratory Studies Exploratory Studies Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies 2007 kickoff meeting February 13-14, 2007 DOE Forrestal Building Rod Borup Mukundan Rangachary, Bryan Pivovar, Yu Seung Kim, John Davey, David Wood, Tom Springer, Muhammad Arif , Ken Chen, Simon Cleghorn, Will Johnson, Karren More, Peter Wilde, Tom Zawodzinski Los Alamos National Lab This presentation does not contain any proprietary or confidential information Objectives * Develop understanding of water transport in PEM Fuel Cells (non-design-specific) * Evaluate structural and surface properties of materials affecting water transport and performance * Develop (enable) new components and operating methods * Accurately model water transport within the fuel cell * Develop a better understanding of the effects of

150

EDO: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EDO Case Studies EDO Case Studies Technology Transfer / Technology Assistance Technology identifies anomalies in complex financial data Identifying atypical information in financial data early could help determine problematic financial trends such as the systemic risk that recently put the U.S. and global financial systems in a downward fall. Recognizing such anomalous information can also help regulators understand markets, and identify the potential need of new rules and regulations. Additionally, it can help investors and advisors better manage their investment and savings portfolios. The AnomalatorTM software, developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, uses advanced mathematical algorithms to identify unusual trends in complex financial data and graphically show how it compares with

151

Severe Accident Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Severe Accident Studies Severe Accident Studies Christopher S. Bajwa Division of Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards USNRC 2012 U.S. DOE National Transportation Stakeholders Forum (NTSF) May 15 - 17, 2012 Knoxville, TN * Going The Distance? - The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States * Released February 9, 2006 * Conclusions: * NRC safety regulations are adequate to ensure package containment effectiveness over a wide range of transport conditions, including most credible accident conditions. * The radiological risks are well understood and are generally low, with the possible exception of risks from releases in extreme accidents involving long duration, fully engulfing fires.

152

Finding Aids: Epidemiologic Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hanford Site: A Guide to Record Series Supporting Epidemiologic Studies Conducted for the Department of Energy Oak Ridge Volume I: Y-12 Mercury Task Force Files: A Guide to Record Series of The Department of Energy and Its Contractors Oak Ridge Volume II: Records Relating to Cesium at the K-25 Plant: A Guide to Record Series of the Department of Energy and Its Contractors Oak Ridge Volume III: Records Relating to RaLa, Iodine-131, and Cesium-137 at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Oak Ridge Operations Office: A Guide to Record Series of the Department of Energy and Its Contractors Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education: A Guide to Record Series Supporting Epidemiologic Studies Conducted for the Department of Energy The September 1957 Rocky Flats Fire: A Guide to Record Series of the Department of Energy and its Contractors

153

Fundamental Pyrolysis Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress on the direct mass spectrometric sampling of pyrolysis products from wood and its constituents is described for the period from June 1982 to February 1983. A brief summary and references to detailed reports, of the qualitative demonstration of our approach to the study of the separated processes of primary and secondary pyrolysis is presented. Improvements and additions to the pyrolysis and data acquisition systems are discussed and typical results shown. Chief of these are a heated-grid pyrolysis system for controlled primary pyrolysis and a sheathed flame arrangement for secondary cracking studies. Qualitative results of the secondary cracking of cellulose, lignin, and wood are shown as are comparisons with the literature for the pyrolysis spectra of cellulose, lignin, and levoglucosan. 'Fingerprints' for a number of materials are shown, with spectra taken under carefully controlled conditions so that sensitivity calibrations for different compounds, now being determined, can be applied.

Milne, T. A.; Evans, R. J.; Soltys, M. N.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Options Study - Phase II  

SciTech Connect

The Options Study has been conducted for the purpose of evaluating the potential of alternative integrated nuclear fuel cycle options to favorably address the issues associated with a continuing or expanding use of nuclear power in the United States. The study produced information that can be used to inform decisions identifying potential directions for research and development on such fuel cycle options. An integrated nuclear fuel cycle option is defined in this study as including all aspects of the entire nuclear fuel cycle, from obtaining natural resources for fuel to the ultimate disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) or radioactive wastes. Issues such as nuclear waste management, especially the increasing inventory of used nuclear fuel, the current uncertainty about used fuel disposal, and the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation have contributed to the reluctance to expand the use of nuclear power, even though it is recognized that nuclear power is a safe and reliable method of producing electricity. In this Options Study, current, evolutionary, and revolutionary nuclear energy options were all considered, including the use of uranium and thorium, and both once-through and recycle approaches. Available information has been collected and reviewed in order to evaluate the ability of an option to clearly address the challenges associated with the current implementation and potential expansion of commercial nuclear power in the United States. This Options Study is a comprehensive consideration and review of fuel cycle and technology options, including those for disposal, and is not constrained by any limitations that may be imposed by economics, technical maturity, past policy, or speculated future conditions. This Phase II report is intended to be used in conjunction with the Phase I report, and much information in that report is not repeated here, although some information has been updated to reflect recent developments. The focus in this Options Study was to identify any nuclear fuel cycle technology or option that may result in a significant beneficial impact to the issues as compared to the current U.S. approach of once-through use of nuclear fuel in LWRs or similar reactors followed by direct disposal of UNF. This approach was taken because incremental differences may be difficult to clearly identify and justify due to the large uncertainties that can be associated with the specific causes of the issues. Phase II of this Options Study continued the review of nuclear fuel cycle options that was initiated and documented during Phase I, concentrating on reviewing and summarizing the potential of integrated nuclear fuel cycles. However, based on the reviews of previous studies and available data, it was not always possible to clearly determine sufficiently large differences between the various fuel cycle and technology options for some of the issues or evaluation measures, for example, in cases where only incremental differences with respect to the issues might be achieved regardless of the fuel cycle option or technologies being considered, or where differences were insufficient to clearly rise above the uncertainties.

R. Wigeland; T. Taiwo; M. Todosow; W. Halsey; J. Gehin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

E85 Dispenser Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study reviews E85 dispensing infrastructure advances and issues and evaluates the geographic concentration of flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), E85 stations, ethanol production facilities, and E85 suppliers. Costs, space, financial incentives, and barriers to adding E85 fueling equipment at existing stations are also assessed. This study found that E85 is increasingly available in the U.S. in half of the states; however, the other half have minimal or no E85 fueling options. Despite these gains, E85 is only available at 1% of U.S. gasoline stations. Ethanol production reached 9.5 billion gallons in 2008, but less than 1% is consumed as E85. FFVs have not reached a significant concentration in any county, metropolitan area, or state.

Moriarty, K.; Johnson, C.; Sears, T.; Bergeron, P.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

EUROv Super Beam Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrino Super Beams use conventional techniques to significantly increase the neutrino beam intensity compared to the present neutrino facilities. An essential part of these facilities is an intense proton driver producing a beam power higher than a MW. The protons hit a target able to accept the high proton beam intensity. The produced charged particles are focused by a system of magnetic horns towards the experiment detectors. The main challenge of these projects is to deal with the high beam intensity for many years. New high power neutrino facilities could be build at CERN profiting from an eventual construction of a high power proton driver. The European FP7 Design Study EUROv, among other neutrino beams, studies this Super Beam possibility. This paper will give the latest developments in this direction.

Dracos, Marcos [IPHC, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS/IN2P3, F-67037 Strasbourg (France)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

157

World Biofuels Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report forms part of a project entitled 'World Biofuels Study'. The objective is to study world biofuel markets and to examine the possible contribution that biofuel imports could make to help meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The study was sponsored by the Biomass Program of the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy. It is a collaborative effort among the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI), Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The project consisted of three main components: (1) Assessment of the resource potential for biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, grains, soybean, palm oil and lignocellulosic crops and development of supply curves (ORNL). (2) Assessment of the cost and performance of biofuel production technologies (NREL). (3) Scenario-based analysis of world biofuel markets using the ETP global energy model with data developed in the first parts of the study (BNL). This report covers the modeling and analysis part of the project conducted by BNL in cooperation with PI. The Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) energy system model was used as the analytical tool for this study. ETP is a 15 region global model designed using the MARKAL framework. MARKAL-based models are partial equilibrium models that incorporate a description of the physical energy system and provide a bottom-up approach to study the entire energy system. ETP was updated for this study with biomass resource data and biofuel production technology cost and performance data developed by ORNL and NREL under Tasks 1 and 2 of this project. Many countries around the world are embarking on ambitious biofuel policies through renewable fuel standards and economic incentives. As a result, the global biofuel demand is expected to grow very rapidly over the next two decades, provided policymakers stay the course with their policy goals. This project relied on a scenario-based analysis to study global biofuel markets. Scenarios were designed to evaluate the impact of different policy proposals and market conditions. World biofuel supply for selected scenarios is shown in Figure 1. The reference case total biofuel production increases from 12 billion gallons of ethanol equivalent in 2005 to 54 billion gallons in 2020 and 83 billion gallons in 2030. The scenarios analyzed show volumes ranging from 46 to 64 billion gallons in 2020, and from about 72 to about 100 billion gallons in 2030. The highest production worldwide occurs in the scenario with high feedstock availability combined with high oil prices and more rapid improvements in cellulosic biofuel conversion technologies. The lowest global production is found in the scenario with low feedstock availability, low oil prices and slower technology progress.

Alfstad,T.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Remote connector development study  

SciTech Connect

Plutonium-uranium extraction (PUREX) connectors, the most common connectors used at the Hanford site, offer a certain level of flexibility in pipe routing, process system configuration, and remote equipment/instrument replacement. However, these desirable features have inherent shortcomings like leakage, high pressure drop through the right angle bends, and a limited range of available pipe diameters that can be connect by them. Costs for construction, maintenance, and operation of PUREX connectors seem to be very high. The PUREX connector designs include a 90{degree} bend in each connector. This increases the pressure drop and erosion effects. Thus, each jumper requires at least two 90{degree} bends. PUREX connectors have not been practically used beyond 100 (4 in.) inner diameter. This study represents the results of a survey on the use of remote pipe-connection systems in US and foreign plants. This study also describes the interdependence between connectors, remote handling equipment, and the necessary skills of the operators.

Parazin, R.J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Repository seals requirement study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, managed by the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) Management and Operating Contractor (M and O) is conducting investigations to support the Viability Assessment and the License Application for a high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The sealing subsystem is part of the Yucca Mountain Waste Isolation System. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is currently evaluating the role of the sealing subsystem (shaft, ramp and exploratory borehole seals) in achieving the overall performance objectives for the Waste Isolation System. This report documents the results of those evaluations. The objective of the study is to provide water or air flow performance based requirements for shafts, ramps, and exploratory boreholes located near the repository. Recommendations, as appropriate, are provided for developing plans, seals component testing, and other studies relating to sealing.

NONE

1997-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

160

Hydrological/Geological Studies  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.\ .8.2 .\ .8.2 Hydrological/Geological Studies Book 1. Radiochemical Analyses of Water Samples from SelectedT" Streams Wells, Springs and Precipitation Collected During Re-Entry Drilling, Project Rulison-7, 197 1 HGS 8 This page intentionally left blank . . . ... . . . . . . . . , : . . . . . . . . . ' . r - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . ..... . - x ..:; . , ' , . . ' . . . . . . !' r:.::. _. . : _ . . : . . . . \ . . ' - \ , : , . . . . . . . . . . . . . il.'; , . . y,.:.: . . . . . . . . ., ' . . ' . , . . . . . . . . . - . . . . . ... . . . . . : . . - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. . . . . . . . .. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . , .- , . : , . , . . . . ......... ... ) . . i - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prepared. Under . . . ~ ~ r e e m e n t - No. AT(29-2) -474 for the ~ e v a d a - - Operations Office U. S .. Atomic. ,Energy Commi~ssion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Lighting Retrofit Study  

SciTech Connect

The Lighting Retrofit Study was an effort to determine the most cost-effective methods of retrofitting several configurations of lighting systems at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). We developed a test protocol to compare a variety of lighting technologies for their applicability in labs and offices and designed and constructed a novel lighting contrast potential meter to allow for comparison of lighting quality as well as quantity.

Kromer, S.; Morse, O.; Siminovitch, M.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Graduate Study Food Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guide to Graduate Study Field of Food Science and Technology Cornell University #12;Field of Food Science and Technology DE P A R T M E N T O F FO O D SC I E N C E A N D TE C H N O L O G Y Mission Science represents the application of the basic sciences, biotechnology, and engineering to the production

Walter, M.Todd

163

QUADRENNIAL MCNP TIMING STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, is widely used around the world for many radiation protection and shielding applications. As a well-known standard it is also an excellent vehicle for assessing the relative performance of scientific computing platforms. Every three-to-four years a new version of MCNP is released internationally by the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. For each of the past few releases, we have also done a timing study to assess the progress of scientific computing platforms and software. These quadrennial timing studies are valuable to the radiation protection and shielding community because (a) they are performed by a recognized scientific team, not a computer vendor, (b) they use an internationally recognized code for radiation protection and shielding calculations, (c) they are eminently reproducible since the code and the test problems are internationally distributed. Further, if one has a computer platform, operating system, or compiler not presented in our results, its performance is directly comparable to the ones we report because it can use the same code, data, and test problems as we used. Our results, using a single processor per platform, indicate that hardware advances during the past three years have improved performance by less than a factor of two and software improvements have had a marginal effect on performance. The most significant impacts on performance have resulted from developments in multiprocessing and multitasking. The other most significant advance in the last three years has been the accelerated improvements in personal computers. In the last timing study, the tested personal computer was approximately a factor of four slower that the fastest machine tested, a DEC Alphastation 500. In the present study, the fastest PC tested was less than a factor of two slower than the fastest platform, which is a Compaq (previously DEC) Alpha XP1000.

E. C. SELCOW; B. D. LANSRUD

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Microgrid Feasibility Study Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many electricity customers in rural areas in the northeastern part of the United States have been experiencing power outages lasting ten hours and longer, which far exceeds the Customer Average Interruption Duration Index target of approximately two hours.One possible solution would be to operate these remote communities as a microgrid when the power supply line is out of service. The utility contracted with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to conduct a feasibility study to ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

165

Grid Equipment Reliability Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout the world, utilities have witnessed changes to electrical power markets. These changes have presented new and continuous challenges to maintaining the transmission system's integrity. In the past, emphasis at the transmission level has been on the system as a whole and not at the equipment level. This report summarizes the finding of a study that investigated the need to develop a new set of metrics and benchmarks to measure and compare grid equipment performance.

2001-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

166

Laser Initiated Actuator study  

SciTech Connect

The program task was to design and study a laser initiated actuator. The design of the actuator is described, it being comprised of the fiber and body subassemblies. The energy source for all experiments was a Spectra Diode 2200-H2 laser diode. The diode is directly coupled to a 100 micron core, 0.3 numerical aperture fiber optic terminated with an SMA connector. The successful testing results are described and recommendations are made.

Watson, B.

1991-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

167

The safeguards options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Safeguards Options Study was initiated to aid the International Safeguards Division (ISD) of the DOE Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in developing its programs in enhanced international safeguards. The goal was to provide a technical basis for the ISD program in this area. The Safeguards Options Study has been a cooperative effort among ten organizations. These are Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mound Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Sandia National Laboratories, and Special Technologies Laboratory. Much of the Motivation for the Safeguards Options Study is the recognition after the Iraq experience that there are deficiencies in the present approach to international safeguards. While under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at their declared facilities, Iraq was able to develop a significant weapons program without being noticed. This is because negotiated safeguards only applied at declared sites. Even so, their nuclear weapons program clearly conflicted with Iraq`s obligations under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as a nonnuclear weapon state.

Hakkila, E.A.; Mullen, M.F.; Olinger, C.T.; Stanbro, W.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Olsen, A.P.; Roche, C.T.; Rudolph, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bieber, A.M.; Lemley, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Filby, E. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly progress report for Year-3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between April 1, 2002 and June 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)''; (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions''; (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''; (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the third quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Jan. 1, 2002 and Mar. 31, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9b): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b); (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop, progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S); and (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

170

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year 3 of the ACTS project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between Oct 1, 2001 and Dec. 31, 2001. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility (Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Collection System), (b) Research project (Task 6): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under LPAT Conditions (Joint Project with TUDRP)'', (c) Research project (Task 9): ''Study of Foam Flow Behavior Under EPET Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), and Foam properties while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Gerald Kane; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Affonso Lourenco; Evren Ozbayoglu; Lei Zhou

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Minneapolis Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study #12;Public Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City Works Transportation Infrastructure Study Minneapolis City of Lakes Background: · Currently, funding

Minnesota, University of

172

Advanced drilling systems study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work was initiated as part of the National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies (NADET) Program. It is being performed through joint finding from the Department of Energy Geothermal Division and the Natural Gas Technology Branch, Morgantown Energy Technology Center. Interest in advanced drilling systems is high. The Geothermal Division of the Department of Energy has initiated a multi-year effort in the development of advanced drilling systems; the National Research Council completed a study of drilling and excavation technologies last year; and the MIT Energy Laboratory recently submitted a proposal for a national initiative in advanced drilling and excavation research. The primary reasons for this interest are financial. Worldwide expenditures on oil and gas drilling approach $75 billion per year. Also, drilling and well completion account for 25% to 50% of the cost of producing electricity from geothermal energy. There is incentive to search for methods to reduce the cost of drilling. Work on ideas to improve or replace rotary drilling technology dates back at least to the 1930`s. There was a significant amount of work in this area in the 1960`s and 1970`s; and there has been some continued effort through the 1980`s. Undoubtedly there are concepts for advanced drilling systems that have yet to be studied; however, it is almost certain that new efforts to initiate work on advanced drilling systems will build on an idea or a variation of an idea that has already been investigated. Therefore, a review of previous efforts coupled with a characterization of viable advanced drilling systems and the current state of technology as it applies to those systems provide the basis for the current study of advanced drilling.

Pierce, K.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Livesay, B.J. [Livesay Consultants, San Diego, CA (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Portable treatment systems study  

SciTech Connect

In developing their Site Treatment Plans (STPs), many of the Department of Energy installations identified some form of portable treatment, to facilitate compliant disposition of select mixed low-level wastestreams. The Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology requested that a systems study be performed to better define the potential role of portable treatment with respect to mixed low-level waste, highlight obstacles to implementation, and identify opportunities for future research and development emphasis. The study was performed by first establishing a representative set of mixed waste, then formulating portable treatment system concepts to meet the required processing needs for these wastes. The portable systems that were conceptualized were evaluated and compared to a fixed centralized treatment alternative. The system evaluations include a life-cycle cost analysis and an assessment of regulatory, institutional, and technical issues associated with the potential use of portable systems. The results of this study show that when all costs are included, there are no significant cost differences between portable systems and fixed systems. However, it is also emphasized that many uncertainties exist that could impact the cost of implementing portable treatment systems. Portable treatment could be made more attractive through private sector implementation, although there is little economic incentive for a commercial vendor to develop small, specialized treatment capabilities with limited applicability. Alternatively, there may also be valid reasons why fixed units cannot be used for some problematic wastestreams. In any event, there are some site-specific problems that still need to be addressed, and there may be some opportunity for research and development to make a positive impact in these areas.

Sherick, M.J.; Schwinkendorf, W.E.; Bechtold, T.E.; Cole, L.T.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Project Finance Case Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finance Case Finance Case Studies FUPWG Meeting October 21, 2010 RENEWABLE ENERGY * Solar, wind, biomass and geothermal power resources show great promise to positively impact both the environment and energy security. * While these technologies are coming down in cost, there is often no price associated with carbon content, causing renewable energy to remain more expensive than fossil fuels in most markets. * Utilizing Treasury Cash Grant, Investment and Production Tax Credits, Renewable Energy Credits and state rebates is essential to a project's viability. WATER and WASTEWATER * With operating budgets stretched, many public-sector utilities are struggling to upgrade critical water treatment facilities to comply with changing environmental regulations or to maintain system efficiencies.

175

Studies in Historia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies • Historia In This dissertation is submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, by Eirikur Smari Sigurdarson Darwin College To my grandfather, Ein'kur Axel J6nsson 1919-2002. OA.~LOS' oO"TlS' T~S' LO"TopLaS' EO"XE IlU8Tj... of living nature, the sublunary world, in the cosmology of Aristotle and Theophrastus. In the Conclusion I briefly pull together some of the main threads of the dissertation. Introduction Alle Begriffe, in denen sich ein ganzer ProcefJ semiotisch...

Sigurđarson, Eiríkur Smári

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

176

ATLAS parameter study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to make an independent assessment on the parameters chosen for the ATLAS capacitor bank at LANL. The contractor will perform a study of the basic pulsed power parameters of the ATLAS device with baseline functional parameters of >25 MA implosion current and <2.5 microsecond current risetime. Nominal circuit parameters held fixed will be the 14 nH from the vacuum interface to the load, and the nominal load impedances of 1 milliohm for slow loads and 10 milliohms for fast loads. Single Ended designs, as opposed to bipolar designs, will be studied in detail. The ATLAS pulsed power design problem is about inductance. The reason that a 36 MJ bank is required is that such a bank has enough individual capacitors so that the parallel inductance is acceptably low. Since about half the inductance is in the bank, and the inductance and time constant of the submodules is fixed, the variation of output with a given parameter will generally be a weak one. In general, the dl/dt calculation demonstrates that for the real system inductances, 700 kV is the optimum voltage for the bank to drive X-ray loads. The optimum is broad, and there is little reduction in performance at voltages as low as 450 kV. The direct drive velocity analysis also shows that the optimum velocity is between 480 and 800 kV for a variety of assumptions, and that there is less than a 10% variation in velocity over this range. Voltages in the 120 kV--600 kV range are desirable for driving heavy liners. A compromise optimum operating point might be 480 kV, at which all X-ray operation scenarios are within 10% of their velocity optimum, and heavy liners can be configured to be near optimum if small enough. Based on very preliminary studies the author believes that the choice of a single operating voltage point (say, 480 kV) is unnecessary, and that a bank engineered for dual operation at 480 and 240 kV will be the best solution to the ATLAS problem.

Adler, R.J. [North Star Research Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

177

Pioneer Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pioneer Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 15054 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO...

178

Loup Valleys Rural P P D | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valleys Rural P P D Jump to: navigation, search Name Loup Valleys Rural P P D Place Nebraska Utility Id 11250 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO...

179

Reliability of the U.S. electric system -- Recent trends and current issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability costs. November. FERC. 2000. Order No. 2000-A:Reliability Legislation and FERC's New RTO Orders. http://ECAR EMF ERCOT FACTS FCITC FERC FRCC G&T HV IEEE LOLE MAAC

Osborn, Julie; Kawann, Cornelia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A review of market monitoring activities at U.S. independent system operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Journal, July. FERC 1999. “Regional Transmissionelectric/indus-act/rto.asp FERC’s 2002 NOPR RM01-12-000. “Market Power Mitigation,” FERC Electric rate Schedule No. 7,

Goldman, Charles; Lesieutre, Bernie C.; Bartholomew, Emily

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF WIND TRANSMISSION COST ESTIMATES FROM MAJOR TRANSMISSION PLANNING EFFORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning.pdf NWCC. 2007a. FERC Order 890: What Does It Meanof wholesale power competition. FERC Order 2000 providesISO/RTO are being pushed by FERC to expand the transmission

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

New Enterprise R E C, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Enterprise R E C, Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 13205 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA...

183

South Jersey Energy Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jersey Utility Id 17549 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

184

Washington Gas Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Virginia Utility Id 20659 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1...

185

Champion Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Champion Energy Services Place Texas Utility Id 54862 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes NERC RFC Yes ISO Ercot Yes RTO PJM Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Retail Marketing...

186

Hudson Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Services Place New York Utility Id 55878 Utility Location Yes Ownership R RTO PJM Yes ISO NY Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File...

187

Sunflower Electric Power Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Sunflower Electric Power Corp Place Kansas Utility Id 18315 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes...

188

Kansas Electric Power Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Power Coop Inc Place Kansas Utility Id 9961 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation...

189

City of Gardner, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Gardner Place Kansas Utility Id 6949 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes...

190

City of Pratt, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kansas (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Pratt Place Kansas Utility Id 15321 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes...

191

City of Meade, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

192

Warren Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 40223 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

193

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commitment. In May 2009, PJM announced results of itsin this auction, with PJM accepting 569 MW of efficiencyseparately to ISO-NE and PJM. The ISO/RTO program rules do

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Village of Sycamore, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 18393 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

196

The Energy Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 49746 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010...

197

Borough of Goldsboro, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Id 7359 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

198

Comments in response to FERC rulemaking on regional transmission organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On May 13, 1999, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) on Regional Transmission Organizations (RTO). The purpose of the NOPR is to solicit comments on proposed FERC ...

Joskow, Paul L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

City of Cushing, Oklahoma (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

200

Millisecond Kinetics of Nanocrystal Cation Exchange Using Microfluidic X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanocrystal with DDA, R CdSe was calculated to be 3.4 nm. Rto measure the kinetics of the CdSe-to-Ag 2 Se nanocrystalthe millisecond mixing of CdSe nanocrystal and Ag + reactant

Chan, Emory M.; Marcus, Matthew A.; Fakra, Sirine; Elnaggar, Mariam S.; Mathies, Richard A.; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 LinkedIn...

202

J. Platrn Pllyri* (L972), ool.7, pafi 2, pp.267-284 Prrntd dn G*at Brilain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the argument. For aMaxwellianptasmaa : ^r;.To3$at fmZ*isa Ao1oiO1p"1i"jslaUu"tn"nRe2.,owingto thesmallnessof

Dewar, Robert L.

203

City of Frederick, Oklahoma (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frederick Place Oklahoma Utility Id 6750 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

204

Retrieval options study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Retrieval Options Study is part of the systems analysis activities of the Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation to develop the scientific and technological bases for radioactive waste repositories in various geologic media. The study considers two waste forms, high level waste and spent fuel, and defines various classes of waste retrieval and recovery. A methodology and data base are developed which allow the relative evaluation of retrieval and recovery costs and the following technical criteria: safety; technical feasibility; ease of retrieval; probable intact retrieval time; safeguards; monitoring; criticality; and licensability. A total of 505 repository options are defined and the cost and technical criteria evaluated utilizing a combination of facts and engineering judgments. The repositories evaluated are selected combinations of the following parameters: Geologic Media (salt, granite, basalt, shale); Retrieval Time after Emplacement (5 and 25 years); Emplacement Design (nominal hole, large hole, carbon steel canister, corrosion resistant canister, backfill in hole, nominal sleeves, thick wall sleeves); Emplacement Configuration (single vertical, multiple vertical, single horizontal, multiple horizontal, vaults; Thermal Considerations; (normal design, reduced density, once-through ventilation, recirculated ventilation); Room Backfill; (none, run-of-mine, early, 5 year delay, 25 year delay, decommissioned); and Rate of Retrieval; (same as emplacement, variably slower depending on repository/canister condition).

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between October 1, 2002 and December 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks. (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System. (b) New research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions''. (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings. (Task 12), and Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) New Research project (Task 13): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions''. (g) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (h) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

206

Wind Farm Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Saint Francis University has assessed the Swallow Farm property located in Shade Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania as a potential wind power development site. Saint Francis worked with McLean Energy Partners to have a 50-meter meteorological tower installed on the property in April 2004 and continues to conduct a meteorological assessment of the site. Results suggest a mean average wind speed at 80 meters of 17 mph with a net capacity factor of 31 - 33%. Approximate electricity generation capacity of the project is 10 megawatts. Also, the University used matching funds provided by the federal government to contract with ABR, Inc. to conduct radar studies of nocturnal migration of birds and bats during the migrations seasons in the Spring and Fall of 2005 with a mean nocturnal flight altitude of 402 meters with less than 5% of targets at altitudes of less than 125 meters. The mean nocturnal passage rate was 166 targets/km/h in the fall and 145 targets/km/h in the spring. Lastly, University faculty and students conducted a nesting bird study May - July 2006. Seventy-three (73) species of birds were observed with 65 determined to be breeding or potentially breeding species; this figure represents approximately 30% of the 214 breeding bird species in Pennsylvania. No officially protected avian species were determined to be nesting at Swallow Farm.

Richard Curry; Erik Foley; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

207

Surveillance Metrics Sensitivity Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In September of 2009, a Tri-Lab team was formed to develop a set of metrics relating to the NNSA nuclear weapon surveillance program. The purpose of the metrics was to develop a more quantitative and/or qualitative metric(s) describing the results of realized or non-realized surveillance activities on our confidence in reporting reliability and assessing the stockpile. As a part of this effort, a statistical sub-team investigated various techniques and developed a complementary set of statistical metrics that could serve as a foundation for characterizing aspects of meeting the surveillance program objectives. The metrics are a combination of tolerance limit calculations and power calculations, intending to answer level-of-confidence type questions with respect to the ability to detect certain undesirable behaviors (catastrophic defects, margin insufficiency defects, and deviations from a model). Note that the metrics are not intended to gauge product performance but instead the adequacy of surveillance. This report gives a short description of four metrics types that were explored and the results of a sensitivity study conducted to investigate their behavior for various inputs. The results of the sensitivity study can be used to set the risk parameters that specify the level of stockpile problem that the surveillance program should be addressing.

Bierbaum, R; Hamada, M; Robertson, A

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Surveillance metrics sensitivity study.  

SciTech Connect

In September of 2009, a Tri-Lab team was formed to develop a set of metrics relating to the NNSA nuclear weapon surveillance program. The purpose of the metrics was to develop a more quantitative and/or qualitative metric(s) describing the results of realized or non-realized surveillance activities on our confidence in reporting reliability and assessing the stockpile. As a part of this effort, a statistical sub-team investigated various techniques and developed a complementary set of statistical metrics that could serve as a foundation for characterizing aspects of meeting the surveillance program objectives. The metrics are a combination of tolerance limit calculations and power calculations, intending to answer level-of-confidence type questions with respect to the ability to detect certain undesirable behaviors (catastrophic defects, margin insufficiency defects, and deviations from a model). Note that the metrics are not intended to gauge product performance but instead the adequacy of surveillance. This report gives a short description of four metrics types that were explored and the results of a sensitivity study conducted to investigate their behavior for various inputs. The results of the sensitivity study can be used to set the risk parameters that specify the level of stockpile problem that the surveillance program should be addressing.

Hamada, Michael S. (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Bierbaum, Rene Lynn; Robertson, Alix A. (Lawrence Livermore Laboratory)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

RESEARCH GUIDANCE STUDIES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This represents the final report of the current contract. The major accomplishments achieved during the execution of this contract fulfilled the deliverables requirements of the contract. Overall the major accomplishments by Task area are summarized below. In Task area 1, Coal Fuels area, the major accomplishments were the preparation of the comprehensive Multi Year Program Plan (MYPP) for the Ultra-Clean Transportation Fuels Initiative (UCTFI) team, updating the complex coal fuels production models from coal including the development of a comprehensive coproduction model. In addition work accomplished included an exhaustive analysis of direct coal liquefaction and coprocessing of coals and heavy oils. Also completed was a comprehensive study on the benefits to the nation of an ultra clean fuels from coal program. In Task 4 several accomplishments were made. These included modification of the complex gasification models to include capabilities for analysis of petroleum coke gasification in refineries and for the production of hydrogen with and without carbon dioxide sequestration, development of a sound methodology and results to analyze the potential for market penetration of IGCC in several NERC reliability regions of the U.S. and completion and documentation of several studies on coproduction of power and ultra clean fuels. The major accomplishments in Task 5 included analysis of the options to optimize the value of Alaska North Slope (ANS) natural gas, evaluation of the impact of ceramic membranes on the GTL process, and analysis of the real value of the GTL product.

David Gray

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

ATW neutronics design studies.  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) concept has been proposed as a transuranics (TRU) (and long-lived fission product) incinerator for processing the 87,000 metric tonnes of Light Water Reactor used fuel which will have been generated by the time the currently deployed fleet of commercial reactors in the US reach the end of their licensed lifetime. The ATW is proposed to separate the uranium from the transuranics and fission products in the LWR used fuel, to fission the transuranics, to send the LWR and ATW generated fission products to the geologic repository and to send the uranium to either a low level waste disposal site or to save it for future use. The heat liberated in fissioning the transuranics would be converted to electricity and sold to partially offset the cost of ATW construction and operations. Options for incineration of long-lived fission products are under evaluation. A six-year science-based program of ATW trade and system studies was initiated in the US FY 2000 to achieve two main purposes: (1) ''to evaluate ATW within the framework of nonproliferation, waste management, and economic considerations,'' and (2) ''to evaluate the efficacy of the numerous technical options for ATW system configuration.'' This paper summarizes the results from neutronics and thermal/hydraulics trade studies which were completed at Argonne National Laboratory during the first year of the program. Core designs were developed for Pb-Bi cooled and Na cooled 840 MW{sub th} fast spectrum transmuter designs employing recycle. Additionally, neutronics analyses were performed at Argonne for a He cooled 600 MW{sub th} hybrid thermal and fast core design proposed by General Atomics Co. which runs critical for 3/4 and subcritical for 1/4 of its four year once-thin burn cycle. The mass flows and the ultimate loss of transuranic isotopes to the waste stream per unit of heat generated during transmutation have been calculated on a consistent basis and are compared. (Long-lived fission product incineration has not been considered in the studies reported here.)

Wade, D. C.; Yang, W. S.; Khalil, H.

2000-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

211

OLDER DRIVER STUDY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

xi xi ACRONYMS LIST AAA American Automobile Association AARP American Association of Retired Persons AD Alzheimer Disease ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADL Activities of Daily Living AFDC Aid to Families with Dependent Children AHEAD Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old AISG American Insurance Services Group ALS Activity Limitation Status AMA American Medical Association AoA Administration on Aging BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CODES Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DOE Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EIA Energy Information Administration EPESE Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly FARS Fatality Analysis Reporting System FHWA Federal Highway Administration

212

Drug Detection Study  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ORISE-07-NSEM-0544 ORISE-07-NSEM-0544 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Health, Safety and Security Office of Security Policy Drug Retention Times Center for Human Reliability Studies Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Operated by Oak Ridge Associated Universities For the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is a university consortium leveraging the scientific strength of major research institutions to advance science and education by partnering with national laboratories, government agencies, and private industry. ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the U.S. Department of Energy. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a U.S. Department of Energy institute focusing on

213

Nutrient Cycling Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The particular goal of this study is to develop measurement techniques for understanding how consortia of organisms from geothermal facilities utilize sulfur and iron for metabolic activity; and in turn, what role that activity plays in initiating or promoting the development of a biofilm on plant substrates. Sulfur cycling is of interest because sulfur is produced in the resource. Iron is found in some of the steel formulations used in plant components and is also added as chemical treatment for reducing sulfide emissions from the plants. This report describes the set-up and operation of a bioreactor for evaluating the response of colonies of geothermal organisms to changes in nutrient and environmental conditions. Data from initial experiments are presented and plans for future testing is discussed.

Peter A. Pryfogle

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Cuttings Transport Study (ACTS) was a 5-year JIP project undertaken at the University of Tulsa (TU). The project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and JIP member companies. The objectives of the project were: (1) to develop and construct a new research facility that would allow three-phase (gas, liquid and cuttings) flow experiments under ambient and EPET (elevated pressure and temperature) conditions, and at different angle of inclinations and drill pipe rotation speeds; (2) to conduct experiments and develop a data base for the industry and academia; and (3) to develop mechanistic models for optimization of drilling hydraulics and cuttings transport. This project consisted of research studies, flow loop construction and instrumentation development. Following a one-year period for basic flow loop construction, a proposal was submitted by TU to the DOE for a five-year project that was organized in such a manner as to provide a logical progression of research experiments as well as additions to the basic flow loop. The flow loop additions and improvements included: (1) elevated temperature capability; (2) two-phase (gas and liquid, foam etc.) capability; (3) cuttings injection and removal system; (4) drill pipe rotation system; and (5) drilling section elevation system. In parallel with the flow loop construction, hydraulics and cuttings transport studies were preformed using drilling foams and aerated muds. In addition, hydraulics and rheology of synthetic drilling fluids were investigated. The studies were performed under ambient and EPET conditions. The effects of temperature and pressure on the hydraulics and cuttings transport were investigated. Mechanistic models were developed to predict frictional pressure loss and cuttings transport in horizontal and near-horizontal configurations. Model predictions were compared with the measured data. Predominantly, model predictions show satisfactory agreements with the measured data. As a part of this project, instrumentation was developed to monitor cuttings beds and characterize foams in the flow loop. An ultrasonic-based monitoring system was developed to measure cuttings bed thickness in the flow loop. Data acquisition software controls the system and processes the data. Two foam generating devices were designed and developed to produce foams with specified quality and texture. The devices are equipped with a bubble recognition system and an in-line viscometer to measure bubble size distribution and foam rheology, respectively. The 5-year project is completed. Future research activities will be under the umbrella of Tulsa University Drilling Research Projects. Currently the flow loop is being used for testing cuttings transport capacity of aqueous and polymer-based foams under elevated pressure and temperature conditions. Subsequently, the effect of viscous sweeps on cuttings transport under elevated pressure and temperature conditions will be investigated using the flow loop. Other projects will follow now that the ''steady state'' phase of the project has been achieved.

Stefan Miska; Troy Reed; Ergun Kuru

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Advanced drilling systems study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the results of a study of advanced drilling concepts conducted jointly for the Natural Gas Technology Branch and the Geothermal Division of the U.S. Department of Energy. A number of alternative rock cutting concepts and drilling systems are examined. The systems cover the range from current technology, through ongoing efforts in drilling research, to highly speculative concepts. Cutting mechanisms that induce stress mechanically, hydraulically, and thermally are included. All functions necessary to drill and case a well are considered. Capital and operating costs are estimated and performance requirements, based on comparisons of the costs for alternative systems to conventional drilling technology, are developed. A number of problems common to several alternatives and to current technology are identified and discussed.

Pierce, Kenneth G.; Livesay, Billy Joe; Finger, John Travis (Livesay Consultants, Encintas, CA)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product, which culminates a two-year curriculum development project is a 152-page curriculum module dealing with genes, environment, and human behavior for use in high school biology classrooms. BSCS began the Project in January 1997 with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy. Development work included the input of an external advisory committee, external reviewers, a panel of writers, and national field testing. BSCS printed 20,000 copies of the module. To date, over 11,000 teachers have requested and received copies of the module free of charge. The curriculum exposes students to methods used to study behavioral genetics and examines the impact if this research on society.

Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS)

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

217

Effective mitigation of debris flows at Lemon Dam, La Plata County, Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. FERC RTO Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 18 CFR Part 35, Docket No. RM99-2-OO0, May 1999. Eidson, D. B, May-June 2000, pp 220-229. [14] Ilit, M., Yoon, Y., "Comments to the FERC Docket No. RTO1 ­ 01-86°, FERC Filing, Jan. 2001. 0-7803-7173-9/01/$10.00 © 2001 IEEE 1629 #12;

218

Heliostat cost reduction study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Power towers are capable of producing solar-generated electricity and hydrogen on a large scale. Heliostats are the most important cost element of a solar power tower plant. Since they constitute {approx} 50% of the capital cost of the plant it is important to reduce heliostat cost as much as possible to improve the economic performance of power towers. In this study we evaluate current heliostat technology and estimate a price of $126/m{sup 2} given year-2006 materials and labor costs for a deployment of {approx}600 MW of power towers per year. This 2006 price yields electricity at $0.067/kWh and hydrogen at $3.20/kg. We propose research and development that should ultimately lead to a price as low as $90/m{sup 2}, which equates to $0.056/kWh and $2.75/kg H{sup 2}. Approximately 30 heliostat and manufacturing experts from the United States, Europe, and Australia contributed to the content of this report during two separate workshops conducted at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility.

Jones, Scott A.; Lumia, Ronald. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Davenport, Roger (Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, CA); Thomas, Robert C. (Advanced Thermal Systems, Centennial, CO); Gorman, David (Advanced Thermal Systems, Larkspur, CO); Kolb, Gregory J.; Donnelly, Matthew W.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This is the first quarterly progress report for Year-4 of the ACTS Project. It includes a review of progress made in: (1) Flow Loop construction and development and (2) research tasks during the period of time between July 1, 2002 and Sept. 30, 2002. This report presents a review of progress on the following specific tasks: (a) Design and development of an Advanced Cuttings Transport Facility Task 3: Addition of a Cuttings Injection/Separation System, Task 4: Addition of a Pipe Rotation System, (b) New Research project (Task 9b): ''Development of a Foam Generator/Viscometer for Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature (EPET) Conditions'', (d) Research project (Task 10): ''Study of Cuttings Transport with Aerated Mud Under Elevated Pressure and Temperature Conditions'', (e) Research on three instrumentation tasks to measure: Cuttings concentration and distribution in a flowing slurry (Task 11), Foam texture while transporting cuttings (Task 12), Viscosity of Foam under EPET (Task 9b). (f) Development of a Safety program for the ACTS Flow Loop. Progress on a comprehensive safety review of all flow-loop components and operational procedures. (Task 1S). (g) Activities towards technology transfer and developing contacts with Petroleum and service company members, and increasing the number of JIP members.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk, Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

Slurry reactor design studies  

SciTech Connect

The objective of these studies was to perform a realistic evaluation of the relative costs of tublar-fixed-bed and slurry reactors for methanol, mixed alcohols and Fischer-Tropsch syntheses under conditions where they would realistically be expected to operate. The slurry Fischer-Tropsch reactor was, therefore, operated at low H{sub 2}/CO ratio on gas directly from a Shell gasifier. The fixed-bed reactor was operated on 2.0 H{sub 2}/CO ratio gas after adjustment by shift and CO{sub 2} removal. Every attempt was made to give each reactor the benefit of its optimum design condition and correlations were developed to extend the models beyond the range of the experimental pilot plant data. For the methanol design, comparisons were made for a recycle plant with high methanol yield, this being the standard design condition. It is recognized that this is not necessarily the optimum application for the slurry reactor, which is being proposed for a once-through operation, coproducing methanol and power. Consideration is also given to the applicability of the slurry reactor to mixed alcohols, based on conditions provided by Lurgi for an Octamix{trademark} plant using their standard tubular-fixed reactor technology. 7 figs., 26 tabs.

Fox, J.M.; Degen, B.D.; Cady, G.; Deslate, F.D.; Summers, R.L. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (USA)); Akgerman, A. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA)); Smith, J.M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Facility repowering study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic, fuel, and environmental implications of repowering existing nonreheat, oil-fired electrical generating facilities in California with distillate fuels, and was extended by CEC staff to include coal-derived synthetic fuels are evaluated. California's older oil-fired power plants are very inefficient and repowering would significantly reduce the amount of oil burned to produce a unit of electrical energy at these facilities. Repowering would also add new generating capacity without requiring new sites. Specific power plants were categorized according to their potential for repowering. Between the initiation of the contract and the termination date, federal legislation was enacted (Power Plant and Industrial Fuel Use Act (PIFUA)), which effectively prohibits oil-based repowering. In order to make best use of the repowering work, CEC staff supplemented the study with analysis based upon replacing the distillate fuel for combustion turbine utilization with relatively clean-burning fuels derived from coal (i.e., methanol, SNG). This work concluded that 42 units statewide have good potential for repowering and would add greater than 5200 MW of new capacity at approximately $250/kW ($ 1977). For both distillate and synfuels repowering, emissions would decrease over the nonrepowered levels.

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Maui energy storage study.  

SciTech Connect

This report investigates strategies to mitigate anticipated wind energy curtailment on Maui, with a focus on grid-level energy storage technology. The study team developed an hourly production cost model of the Maui Electric Company (MECO) system, with an expected 72 MW of wind generation and 15 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation in 2015, and used this model to investigate strategies that mitigate wind energy curtailment. It was found that storage projects can reduce both wind curtailment and the annual cost of producing power, and can do so in a cost-effective manner. Most of the savings achieved in these scenarios are not from replacing constant-cost diesel-fired generation with wind generation. Instead, the savings are achieved by the more efficient operation of the conventional units of the system. Using additional storage for spinning reserve enables the system to decrease the amount of spinning reserve provided by single-cycle units. This decreases the amount of generation from these units, which are often operated at their least efficient point (at minimum load). At the same time, the amount of spinning reserve from the efficient combined-cycle units also decreases, allowing these units to operate at higher, more efficient levels.

Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Karlson, Benjamin

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

High Pressure Studies of Superconductivity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Superconductivity has been studied extensively since it was first discovered over 100 years ago. High pressure studies, in particular, have been vital in furthering our… (more)

Hillier, Narelle Jayne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

BridgeLCC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Source: Office of Management and Budget, Guidelines and Discount Rates for Benefit-Cost Analysis of Federal Programs, Appendix C, OMB ...

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

At-a-Glance: Comparing the 2014 Medicare Supplement, PPO and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

At-a-Glance: Comparing the 2014 Medicare Supplement, PPO and EPO Medical Programs National EPO Benefits & Cost-Sharing National Medicare Supplement Plan Preferred Provider...

226

COST REVIEW and ESTIMATING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Programming Guide. OMB Circular A-94, Guidelines and Discount Rates for Benefit-Cost Analysis of Federal Programs, dated October 29, 1992 Page | 41 APPENDIX A ICRICE...

227

Solids Accumulation Scouting Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of Solids Accumulation activities was to perform scaled testing to understand the behavior of remaining solids in a Double Shell Tank (DST), specifically AW-105, at Hanford during multiple fill, mix, and transfer operations. It is important to know if fissionable materials can concentrate when waste is transferred from staging tanks prior to feeding waste treatment plants. Specifically, there is a concern that large, dense particles containing plutonium could accumulate in poorly mixed regions of a blend tank heel for tanks that employ mixing jet pumps. At the request of the DOE Hanford Tank Operations Contractor, Washington River Protection Solutions, the Engineering Development Laboratory of the Savannah River National Laboratory performed a scouting study in a 1/22-scale model of a waste staging tank to investigate this concern and to develop measurement techniques that could be applied in a more extensive study at a larger scale. Simulated waste tank solids: Gibbsite, Zirconia, Sand, and Stainless Steel, with stainless steel particles representing the heavier particles, e.g., plutonium, and supernatant were charged to the test tank and rotating liquid jets were used to mix most of the solids while the simulant was pumped out. Subsequently, the volume and shape of the mounds of residual solids and the spatial concentration profiles for the surrogate for heavier particles were measured. Several techniques were developed and equipment designed to accomplish the measurements needed and they included: 1. Magnetic particle separator to remove simulant stainless steel solids. A device was designed and built to capture these solids, which represent the heavier solids during a waste transfer from a staging tank. 2. Photographic equipment to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were photographed as they were exposed at different tank waste levels to develop a composite of topographical areas. 3. Laser rangefinders to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were scanned after tank supernatant was removed. 4. Core sampler to determine the stainless steel solids distribution within the solids mounds. This sampler was designed and built to remove small sections of the mounds to evaluate concentrations of the stainless steel solids at different special locations. 5. Computer driven positioner that placed the laser rangefinders and the core sampler in appropriate locations over solids mounds that accumulated on the bottom of a scaled staging tank where mixing is poor. These devices and techniques were effective to estimate the movement, location, and concentrations of the solids representing heavier particles and could perform well at a larger scale The experiment contained two campaigns with each comprised of ten cycles to fill and empty the scaled staging tank. The tank was filled without mixing, but emptied, while mixing, in seven batches; the first six were of equal volumes of 13.1 gallons each to represent the planned fullscale batches of 145,000 gallons, and the last, partial, batch of 6.9 gallons represented a full-scale partial batch of 76,000 gallons that will leave a 72-inch heel in the staging tank for the next cycle. The sole difference between the two campaigns was the energy to mix the scaled staging tank, i.e., the nozzle velocity and jet rotational speed of the two jet pumps. Campaign 1 used 22.9 ft/s, at 1.54 rpm based on past testing and Campaign 2 used 23.9 ft/s at 1.75 rpm, based on visual observation of minimum velocity that allowed fast settling solids, i.e., sand and stainless steel, to accumulate on the scaled tank bottom.

Duignan, M. R.; Steeper, T. J.; Steimke, J. L.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

228

Nevada Transportatoion Options Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study performs a cost and schedule analysis of three Nevada Transportation options that support waste receipt at the repository. Based on the U.S. Department of Energy preference for rail transportation in Nevada (given in the Final Environmental Impact Statement), it has been assumed that a branch rail line would be constructed to support waste receipt at the repository. However, due to potential funding constraints, it is uncertain when rail will be available. The three Nevada Transportation options have been developed to meet a varying degree of requirements for transportation and to provide cost variations used in meeting the funding constraints given in the Technical Direction Letter guidelines for this study. The options include combinations of legal-weight truck, heavy-haul truck, and rail. Option 1 uses a branch rail line that would support initial waste receipt at the repository in 2010. Rail transportation would be the primary mode, supplemented by legal weight trucks. This option provides the highest level of confidence in cost and schedule, lowest public visibility, greatest public acceptability, lowest public dose, and is the recommended option for support of waste receipt. The completion of rail by 2010 will require spending approximately $800 million prior to 2010. Option 2 uses a phased rail approach to address a constrained funding scenario. To meet funding constraints, Option 2 uses a phased approach to delay high cost activities (final design and construction) until after initial waste receipt in 2010. By doing this, approximately 95 percent of the cost associated with completion of a branch rail line is deferred until after 2010. To support waste receipt until a branch rail line is constructed in Nevada, additional legal-weight truck shipments and heavy-haul truck shipments (on a limited basis for naval spent nuclear fuel) would be used to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as in Option 1. Use of heavy-haul shipments in the absence of rail is restricted to approximately twelve, without upgrading public highways. There is high uncertainty as to what road upgrades and security/escorts the Nevada Department of Transportation would require to obtain an overweight/overdimensional permit. In addition, the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program has indicated that a larger cask weight than that analyzed in the Final Environmental Impact Statement may be required for naval shipments, resulting in additional costs for heavy-haul transport. These uncertainties result in a high cost and schedule risk. Option 3 assumes that the start of rail construction will be delayed until after construction authorization is received from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Similar to Option 2, Option 3 uses legal-weight truck shipments and limited heavy haul truck shipments to meet the same initial waste receipt rates as Option 1, until rail becomes available. By using heavy-haul truck for two years, Option 3 contains the same uncertainties and resultant high cost and schedule risk as Option 2. The cost and schedule of legal-weight truck transport are not included in this report as that will be evaluated in the report on national transportation.

P. GEHNER; E.M. WEAVER; L. FOSSUM

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

229

SOLIDS ACCUMULATION SCOUTING STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

The objective of Solids Accumulation activities was to perform scaled testing to understand the behavior of remaining solids in a Double Shell Tank (DST), specifically AW-105, at Hanford during multiple fill, mix, and transfer operations. It is important to know if fissionable materials can concentrate when waste is transferred from staging tanks prior to feeding waste treatment plants. Specifically, there is a concern that large, dense particles containing plutonium could accumulate in poorly mixed regions of a blend tank heel for tanks that employ mixing jet pumps. At the request of the DOE Hanford Tank Operations Contractor, Washington River Protection Solutions, the Engineering Development Laboratory of the Savannah River National Laboratory performed a scouting study in a 1/22-scale model of a waste staging tank to investigate this concern and to develop measurement techniques that could be applied in a more extensive study at a larger scale. Simulated waste tank solids: Gibbsite, Zirconia, Sand, and Stainless Steel, with stainless steel particles representing the heavier particles, e.g., plutonium, and supernatant were charged to the test tank and rotating liquid jets were used to mix most of the solids while the simulant was pumped out. Subsequently, the volume and shape of the mounds of residual solids and the spatial concentration profiles for the surrogate for heavier particles were measured. Several techniques were developed and equipment designed to accomplish the measurements needed and they included: 1. Magnetic particle separator to remove simulant stainless steel solids. A device was designed and built to capture these solids, which represent the heavier solids during a waste transfer from a staging tank. 2. Photographic equipment to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were photographed as they were exposed at different tank waste levels to develop a composite of topographical areas. 3. Laser rangefinders to determine the volume of the solids mounds. The mounds were scanned after tank supernatant was removed. 4. Core sampler to determine the stainless steel solids distribution within the solids mounds. This sampler was designed and built to remove small sections of the mounds to evaluate concentrations of the stainless steel solids at different special locations. 5. Computer driven positioner that placed the laser rangefinders and the core sampler in appropriate locations over solids mounds that accumulated on the bottom of a scaled staging tank where mixing is poor. These devices and techniques were effective to estimate the movement, location, and concentrations of the solids representing heavier particles and could perform well at a larger scale The experiment contained two campaigns with each comprised of ten cycles to fill and empty the scaled staging tank. The tank was filled without mixing, but emptied, while mixing, in seven batches; the first six were of equal volumes of 13.1 gallons each to represent the planned fullscale batches of 145,000 gallons, and the last, partial, batch of 6.9 gallons represented a full-scale partial batch of 76,000 gallons that will leave a 72-inch heel in the staging tank for the next cycle. The sole difference between the two campaigns was the energy to mix the scaled staging tank, i.e., the nozzle velocity and jet rotational speed of the two jet pumps. Campaign 1 used 22.9 ft/s, at 1.54 rpm based on past testing and Campaign 2 used 23.9 ft/s at 1.75 rpm, based on visual observation of minimum velocity that allowed fast settling solids, i.e., sand and stainless steel, to accumulate on the scaled tank bottom.

Duignan, M.; Steeper, T.; Steimke, J.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

230

Microbial field pilot study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a microbial enhanced oil recovery field pilot in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit (SEVVSU) in Payne County, Oklahoma. Indigenous, anaerobic, nitrate reducing bacteria will be stimulated to selectively plug flow paths which have been referentially swept by a prior waterflood. This will force future flood water to invade bypassed regions of the reservoir and increase sweep efficiency. This report covers progress made during the second year, January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990, of the Microbial Field Pilot Study project. Information on reservoir ecology, surface facilities design, operation of the unit, core experiments, modeling of microbial processes, and reservoir characterization and simulation are presented in the report. To better understand the ecology of the target reservoir, additional analyses of the fluids which support bacteriological growth and the microbiology of the reservoir were performed. The results of the produced and injected water analysis show increasing sulfide concentrations with respect to time. In March of 1990 Mesa Limited Partnership sold their interest in the SEVVSU to Sullivan and Company. In April, Sullivan and Company assumed operation of the field. The facilities for the field operation of the pilot were refined and implementation was begun. Core flood experiments conducted during the last year were used to help define possible mechanisms involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The experiments were performed at SEVVSU temperature using fluids and inoculum from the unit. The model described in last year`s report was further validated using results from a core flood experiment. The model was able to simulate the results of one of the core flood experiments with good quality.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Chisholm, J.L.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Microbial field pilot study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a microbial enhanced oil recovery field pilot in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit (SEVVSU) in Payne County, Oklahoma. Indigenous, anaerobic, nitrate reducing bacteria will be stimulated to selectively plug flow paths which have been referentially swept by a prior waterflood. This will force future flood water to invade bypassed regions of the reservoir and increase sweep efficiency. This report covers progress made during the second year, January 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990, of the Microbial Field Pilot Study project. Information on reservoir ecology, surface facilities design, operation of the unit, core experiments, modeling of microbial processes, and reservoir characterization and simulation are presented in the report. To better understand the ecology of the target reservoir, additional analyses of the fluids which support bacteriological growth and the microbiology of the reservoir were performed. The results of the produced and injected water analysis show increasing sulfide concentrations with respect to time. In March of 1990 Mesa Limited Partnership sold their interest in the SEVVSU to Sullivan and Company. In April, Sullivan and Company assumed operation of the field. The facilities for the field operation of the pilot were refined and implementation was begun. Core flood experiments conducted during the last year were used to help define possible mechanisms involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The experiments were performed at SEVVSU temperature using fluids and inoculum from the unit. The model described in last year's report was further validated using results from a core flood experiment. The model was able to simulate the results of one of the core flood experiments with good quality.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Chisholm, J.L.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Microbial field pilot study  

SciTech Connect

A multi-well microbially enhanced oil recovery field pilot has been performed in the Southeast Vassar Vertz Sand Unit in Payne County, Oklahoma. The primary emphasis of the experiment was preferential plugging of high permeability zones for the purpose of improving waterflood sweep efficiency. Studies were performed to determine reservoir chemistry, ecology, and indigenous bacteria populations. Growth experiments were used to select a nutrient system compatible with the reservoir that encouraged growth of a group of indigenous nitrate-using bacteria and inhibit growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria. A specific field pilot area behind an active line drive waterflood was selected. Surface facilities were designed and installed. Injection protocols of bulk nutrient materials were prepared to facilitate uniform distribution of nutrients within the pilot area. By the end of December, 1991, 82.5 tons (75.0 tonnes) of nutrients had been injected in the field. A tracer test identified significant heterogeneity in the SEVVSU and made it necessary to monitor additional production wells in the field. The tracer tests and changes in production behavior indicate the additional production wells monitored during the field trial were also affected. Eighty two and one half barrels (13.1 m[sup 3]) of tertiary oil have been recovered. Microbial activity has increased CO[sub 2] content as indicated by increased alkalinity. A temporary rise in sulfide concentration was experienced. These indicate an active microbial community was generated in the field by the nutrient injection. Pilot area interwell pressure interference test results showed that significant permeability reduction occurred. The interwell permeabilities in the pilot area between the injector and the three pilot production wells were made more uniform which indicates a successful preferential plugging enhanced oil recovery project.

Knapp, R.M.; McInerney, M.J.; Menzie, D.E.; Coates, J.D.; Chisholm, J.L.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Parametric electric motor study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technology for the axial gap motor was developed by DOE with an investment of approximately $15 million. This development effort is for motor technologies of high power density and high efficiency. Such motors that are also small and light-weight are not available on the commercial market because high-power motors have typically been used in large industrial applications where small size and light weight are not requirements. AC Delco has been developing motors since 1918 and is interested in leveraging its research and development dollars to produce an array of motor systems for vehicles and to develop a future line of propulsion products. The DOE focus of the study was applied to machining applications. The most attractive feature of this motor is the axial air gap, which may make possible the removal of the motor`s stationary component from a total enclosure of the remainder of the machine if the power characteristics are adequate. The objectives of this project were to evaluate alternative electric drive systems for machine tools and automotive electric drive systems and to select a best machine type for each of those applications. A major challenge of this project was to produce a small, light-weight, highly efficient motor at a cost-effective price. The project developed machine and machine drive systems and design criteria for the range of applications. The final results included the creation of a baseline for developing electric vehicle powertrain system designs, conventional vehicle engine support system designs, and advanced machine tool configurations. In addition, an axial gap permanent magnet motor was built and tested, and gave, said one engineer involved, a sterling performance. This effort will commercialize advanced motor technology and extend knowledge and design capability in the most efficient electric machine design known today.

Adams, D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Stahura, D. [GM-AC Delco Systems, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

ADVANCED CUTTINGS TRANSPORT STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments on the flow loop are continuing. Improvements to the software for data acquisition are being made as additional experience with three-phase flow is gained. Modifications are being made to the Cuttings Injection System in order to improve control and the precision of cuttings injection. The design details for a drill-pipe Rotation System have been completed. A US Patent was filed on October 28, 2002 for a new design for an instrument that can generate a variety of foams under elevated pressures and temperatures and then transfer the test foam to a viscometer for measurements of viscosity. Theoretical analyses of cuttings transport phenomena based on a layered model is under development. Calibrations of two nuclear densitometers have been completed. Baseline tests have been run to determine wall roughness in the 4 different tests sections (i.e. 2-in, 3-in, 4-in pipes and 5.76-in by 3.5-in annulus) of the flow loop. Tests have also been conducted with aerated fluids at EPET conditions. Preliminary experiments on the two candidate aqueous foam formulations were conducted which included rheological tests of the base fluid and foam stability reports. These were conducted after acceptance of the proposal on the Study of Cuttings Transport with Foam Under Elevated Pressure and Elevated Temperature Conditions. Preparation of a test matrix for cuttings-transport experiments with foam in the ACTF is also under way. A controller for instrumentation to measure cuttings concentration and distribution has been designed that can control four transceivers at a time. A prototype of the control circuit board was built and tested. Tests showed that there was a problem with radiated noise. AN improved circuit board was designed and sent to an external expert to verify the new design. The new board is being fabricated and will first be tested with static water and gravel in an annulus at elevated temperatures. A series of viscometer tests to measure foam properties have begun using foam generated by the Dynamic Test Facility (DTF). Investigation of techniques to measure foam quality and size, size distribution and shape of bubbles is continuing.

Troy Reed; Stefan Miska; Nicholas Takach; Kaveh Ashenayi; Mark Pickell; Len Volk; Mike Volk; Lei Zhou; Zhu Chen; Crystal Redden; Aimee Washington

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

235

Office of International Health Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Health Studies International Health Studies Home Mission and Functions Japan Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) Studies Marshall Islands Program Russian Health Studies Program Russian Radiobiology Human Tissue Repository Spain (Palomares) Program Health and Safety HSS Logo Office of International Health Studies Reports to the Office of Health and Safety Mission and Functions Mission The Office of International Health Studies engages in the conduct of international scientific studies that may provide new knowledge and information about the human response to ionizing radiation in the workplace or people exposed in communities as a result of nuclear accidents. The mission includes providing health and environmental monitoring services to populations specified by law.

236

Bulk Power Transmission Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Texans now have a choice. We can become more efficient and maintain our standard of living, or we can continue business as usual and watch our standard of living erode from competition from other regions. In the past, except for improving reliability, there was no need for a strong transmission system. When Texas generation was primarily gas fueled, the extensive natural gas pipeline network moved energy easily within the state. In recent years two things have changed: 1. Electric utilities have made extensive investment in lignite, coal, and nuclear plants and, 2. Improvements in gas turbine technology and the removal of institutional barriers has encouraged cogeneration at many of our energy intensive process industries. This energy diversity means that there are now significant differences in energy costs between units. The variable costs of generation of power can vary between units by a ratio of 2 or 3 to 1 and this difference will be accentuated when energy costs rise (and they will; it’s a question of when, not if). The potential for costs savings by optional dispatching of the entire interconnected system are greater than ever before as demonstrated by the PUC's Bulk Power Transmission Study. And the potential can be enhanced with added transmission system investment. Cogeneration and small power production has proven to be the most cost effective way for Texas to add additional generating capacity needed to supply an economy that is starting to rebound and to replace old, obsolete power plants. The freedom to locate these facilities at the fuel source or at the site of large thermal demand makes real economic and environmental sense. The use of renewable or waste fuels allows something that would otherwise be wasted to contribute to our economy. Fossil fuels that are displaced can be redirected to another use or consumed for future benefit. By integrating a gas turbine generator with a. process plant, the natural gas required for producing electricity can be reduced by 40% below that required for a combined cycle. The heat rejected from a gas turbine, combined cycle, or steam plant can be redirected to a process use that contributes to our economy by producing something of value to world markets. By contrast a conventional power plant is paid for by the rate payers and consumes Texas natural resources and therefore is a burden rather than an enhancement to our economy. The optimal location of facilities are possible only if there is an adequate transmission system. Utility, consumer and industry must cooperate to improve our transmission system for the benefit of all Texas. The Texas Public Utilities Commission has taken the lead in promoting efficiency by requiring transmission wheeling between qualifying facilities and electric utilities. Several cogeneration facilities have been constructed as a result. In order to encourage small power production, the rule needs to be expanded to include projects interconnected with distribution systems. Most renewable resource projects are relatively small and cannot afford the cost of a high voltage interconnect, and yet their characteristics match a baseload need. The ability to wheel power to a utility that needs base load power from a distribution level interconnection is essential to development of these smaller projects."

John, T.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Clean Cities Case Study: Barwood Cab Fleet Study Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Barwood Cab Fleet Study Summary is the second in a new series called ''Alternative Fuel Information Case Studies,'' designed to present real-world experiences with alternative fuels to fleet managers and other industry stakeholders.

Whalen, P.

1999-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

238

Expanding the Pool of Federal Policy Options to Promote Industrial Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cox, Matthew [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Making Industry Part of the Climate Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Cox, Matthew [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cortes, Rodrigo [Georgia Institute of Technology; Deitchman, Benjamin H [ORNL

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Photosynthesis Studies with Tritiated Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. W -7405 -eng -48 PHOTOSYNTHESIS STUDIES WI7'H TRITIATEDchhrophyll awing photosynthesis. Recent work by VISEUX! ,

Moses, V.; Calvin, M.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EXAFS studies of battery materials  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has been used at extensively at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to study materials and electrodes of several battery systems. The power and the general applicability of the technique is illustrated by studies of several battery materials such as PEO-salt complexes, PbO{sub 2}, and in situ studies of mossy zinc deposition in alkaline electrolyte.

McBreen, J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

EXAFS studies of battery materials  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has been used at extensively at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to study materials and electrodes of several battery systems. The power and the general applicability of the technique is illustrated by studies of several battery materials such as PEO-salt complexes, PbO{sub 2}, and in situ studies of mossy zinc deposition in alkaline electrolyte.

McBreen, J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

Long-Term Stewardship Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Long Term Stewardship Office of Long Term Stewardship LONG-TERM STEWARDSHIP STUDY Volume I - Report Prepared to comply with the terms of a settlement agreement: Natural Resources Defense Council, et al. v. Richardson, et al., Civ. No. 97-936 (SS) (D.D.C. Dec. 12, 1998). Final Study October 2001 - i - Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared this Long-term Stewardship Study ("Study" or "Final Study") to comply with the terms of a settlement agreement between DOE, the Natural Resources Defense Council, and 38 other plaintiffs [Natural Resources Defense Council, et al. v. Richardson, et al., Civ. No. 97-936 (SS) (D.D.C. Dec. 12, 1998)]. The Study describes and analyzes several issues and a variety of information associated with long-term stewardship. The Study

244

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| Theoretical Studies in Chemical Kinetics ^ ^ iCi| under AEC Contract A T (30-1)-3780 " â–  ' Annual Report (1970) Principal In-vestigator: Martin Karpins Institution: Harvard University The research performed under this contract can best be sunmarized under several headings. (a) Alkali-Halideg Alkali-Halide (MX^ M*X*) Exchange Reactions. This project is being continued. A careful study of certain

245

Microstructure Study on Barnett Shale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the discussion of the microstructure of the Barnett Shale as studied using the combined technology of the Focus Ion Beam (FIB) and… (more)

Chen, Di

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's former Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) conducted a benchmarking study of its decommissioning program to analyze physical activities in facility decommissioning and to determine...

247

Structural Materials - Irradiation Studies II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2012 ... Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors: Structural Materials - Irradiation Studies II Sponsored by: The Minerals, ...

248

Diffraction Studies of Phase Transtions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Neutron and X-Ray Studies of Advanced Materials VI: Centennial and ..... double crystal monochromator, and at the spallation source at STFC ...

249

FAQ for Case Study Authors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Network Requirements...

250

Final DOE Areas Feasibility Study  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

a program at LEHR to study the potential health effects of combustion products from fossil fuel power plants. In 1983, the Toxic Pollutant Health Research Laboratory (TPHRL)...

251

case studies | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

case studies case studies Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Three case studies in (1) Solar market electrification, (2) Wind-solar hybrid system in Kuakata Sea Beach and (3) Micro hydro power plant of Aung Thuwi Khoi. (Purpose): SWERA Documentation Source Renewable Energy Research Centre Date Released December 02nd, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 20th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh case studies documentation GEF renewable energy small hydro solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Document (pdf, 566.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2002 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite publication as follows: RERC,2003. Utilization of Renewables in Bangladesh: Case Studies. Renewable Energy Research Centre, Dhaka University, Bangladesh. GEF UNEP SWERA. Available from http://swera.unep.net on 2 December 2003.

252

Decentralized Energy Studies: compendium of U. S. studies and projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compendium was prepared as a part of the Decentralized Energy Studies task at the Solar Energy Research Institute. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies, programs, and projects that involve decentralized energy systems. The purpose is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. A contact person or address is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

Quinn, J.; Ohi, J.M.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Cost Study Manual | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cost Study Manual Cost Study Manual Update 62912. Memo regarding Cost Study Manual Cost Study Manual More Documents & Publications Technical Standards, Newsletter-June 1999 Build...

254

Severe Accident Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Severe Accident Studies Severe Accident Studies Powerpoint discussing studies and conclusions on transportation accidents and safety. Severe Accident Studies More Documents &...

255

Dynamic physical and economic modelling of riparian restoration options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic simulation framework is used to compare benefit-cost ratios of riparian restoration investment strategies to pursue ecosystem service benefits. The model is meant to be adaptable to generic restoration planning applications, with the Middle ... Keywords: Adaptive management, Benefit-cost analysis, Choice experiment, Dynamic simulation, Ecosystem service, Rio Grande, River restoration

Matthew A. Weber; Vincent C. Tidwell; Jennifer A. Thacher

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Study Climate and Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

257

SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study SMUD's Residential Summer Solutions Study Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: August 26, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page In 2009, the DRRC and SMUD teamed up to test the use of dynamic pricing and communicating thermostats in the small commercial sector. The final results showed summer energy savings of 20%, event impacts of 14%, and bill savings of 25%. In 2011, the same team will conduct a similar study involving residential customers with interval meters. The study is designed to inform the transition to the Sacramento smart grid through experimentation with real-time energy use data and communicating thermostats, both with and without dynamic pricing. Three randomly chosen groups of residential customers were offered one of three equipment configuration treatments: (a)

258

National Electric Transmission Congestion Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, directs the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on electric transmission...

259

Steam generator tube rupture study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes our investigation of steam generator behavior during a postulated tube rupture accident. Our study was performed using the steam generator, thermal-hydraulic analysis code THERMIT-UTSG. The purpose ...

Free, Scott Thomas

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

ICME Study Power Point Slide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Important New TMS-led ICME Implementation Study/Report. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense (ONR, AFRL), the U.S. Department of Energy, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

General Aviation Aircraft Reliability Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This reliability study estimates Complex General Aviation (GA) Aircraft System reliability. As part of an effort to successfully improve the safety and reliability of the next generation of GA aircraft, a benchmarking of the current reliability of GA ...

Pettit Duane; Turnbull Andrew

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Studies in Photosynthesis with Isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chlorophyll) SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Fig, P Fig.2 Time of photosynthesis 60c.f M U 1646 Fig. 5 Fig. 8 Fig. 94705-eng-48 STUDIES IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS WITH ISOTOPES M Calvin

Calvin, M.; Bassham, J.A.

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Flathead Renewable Energy Feasibility Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study shall assess the feasibility of a commercial wind facility on lands selected and owned by the Salish and Kootenai Tribes and shall examine the potential for the development of solar and biomass resources located on Tribal Lands.

Belvin Pete: Ed McCarthy; Krista Gordon; Chris Bergen; Rhett Good

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

264

Manet simulation studies: The incredibles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation is the research tool of choice for a majority of the mobile ad hoc network (MANET) community. However, while the use of simulation has increased, the credibility of the simulation results has decreased. To determine the state of MANET simulation studies, we surveyed the 2000-2005 proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing (MobiHoc). From our survey, we found significant shortfalls. We present the results of our survey in this paper. We then summarize common simulation study pitfalls found in our survey. Finally, we discuss the tools available that aid the development of rigorous simulation studies. We offer these results to the community with the hope of improving the credibility of MANET simulation-based studies. I.

Stuart Kurkowski; Tracy Camp; Michael Colagrosso

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

North Dakota Refining Capacity Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.

Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

266

Overview of photovoltaic market studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of the results of recent studies sponsored by DOE and dealing with potential photovoltaic terrestrial solar energy systems markets is presented. Quantitative data developed by these studies are summarized to assist in planning test and applications programs and in estimating the level of photovoltaic system production capacity required to meet future market needs. Near-term (1976-1985) and mid-term (1986-2000) markets are discussed.

Rattin, E. J.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY  

SciTech Connect

THE CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DEVELOP AN OPTIMAL SEQUENCE OF REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTING THE CERCLA DECISION ON THE CENTRAL PLATEAU. THE STUDY DEFINES A SEQUENCE OF ACTIVITIES THAT RESULT IN AN EFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES FROM A STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE WHEN CONSIDERING EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT AND STAGING, WORKFORCE MOBILIZATION/DEMOBILIZATION, WORKFORCE LEVELING, WORKFORCE SKILL-MIX, AND OTHER REMEDIATION/DISPOSITION PROJECT EXECUTION PARAMETERS.

BERGMAN TB; STEFANSKI LD; SEELEY PN; ZINSLI LC; CUSACK LJ

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

268

Geological/geophysical study progresses  

SciTech Connect

Robertson Research (U.S.) Inc. of Houston is working on the second of a planned three-phase regional geological and geochemical study of Paleozoic rocks in the Williston Basin. The studies cover the entire Williston Basin in North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Each report is based largely on original petrographic, well log, and geochemical data that were developed by Robertson.

Savage, D.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Residential ventilation standards scoping study  

SciTech Connect

The goals of this scoping study are to identify research needed to develop improved ventilation standards for California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards. The 2008 Title 24 Standards are the primary target for the outcome of this research, but this scoping study is not limited to that timeframe. We prepared this scoping study to provide the California Energy Commission with broad and flexible options for developing a research plan to advance the standards. This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the ventilation needs of California residences, determining the bases for setting residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and corresponding levels of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).

McKone, Thomas E.; Sherman, Max H.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Further Studies of a Lake Breeze Part ll: Theoretical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional structure and behavior of the lake-land breeze circulation which is induced by Lake Ontario is studied by means of a numerical model. The model is a primitive equation model which incorporates the effects of orography and ...

Mariano A. Estoque; James M. Gross

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Existing reactor expansion study basis  

SciTech Connect

The latest HAPO Five Year Program review, HW-59633, forecasts substantial increases in Pu production from the eight existing Hanford reactors over the next several years. These production increases would be attained by a combination of several methods which include increased reactor power levels resulting from higher process water flow rates and coolant bulk outlet temperatures, improved time operated efficiency, higher conversion ratios, and reduced transient reactivity losses. In order to provide a realistic basis for budgeting to meet these or other increased production goals, it is necessary that a study program be undertaken to determine in general terms the plant changes required to support these forecasted levels, to evaluate the economic and technical feasibility of achieving the process conditions, and to present an integrated program for achieving these objectives. This study program will necessarily consider the interrelated effects of a number of various facets of reactor and water plant process conditions, operational requirements, and proposed development programs. The purpose of this document is to present a plan for the execution of the proposed study. Included in this outline are a review of the basic study considerations, problem assignments and schedules, and manpower and cost estimates for the performance of the study.

Heacock, H.W.

1959-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

272

Integrated nonthermal treatment system study  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study of nonthermal treatment technologies. The study consisted of a systematic assessment of five nonthermal treatment alternatives. The treatment alternatives consist of widely varying technologies for safely destroying the hazardous organic components, reducing the volume, and preparing for final disposal of the contact-handled mixed low-level waste (MLLW) currently stored in the US Department of Energy complex. The alternatives considered were innovative nonthermal treatments for organic liquids and sludges, process residue, soil and debris. Vacuum desorption or various washing approaches are considered for treatment of soil, residue and debris. Organic destruction methods include mediated electrochemical oxidation, catalytic wet oxidation, and acid digestion. Other methods studied included stabilization technologies and mercury separation of treatment residues. This study is a companion to the integrated thermal treatment study which examined 19 alternatives for thermal treatment of MLLW waste. The quantities and physical and chemical compositions of the input waste are based on the inventory database developed by the US Department of Energy. The Integrated Nonthermal Treatment Systems (INTS) systems were evaluated using the same waste input (2,927 pounds per hour) as the Integrated Thermal Treatment Systems (ITTS). 48 refs., 68 figs., 37 tabs.

Biagi, C.; Bahar, D.; Teheranian, B.; Vetromile, J. [Morrison Knudsen Corp. (United States); Quapp, W.J. [Nuclear Metals (United States); Bechtold, T.; Brown, B.; Schwinkendorf, W. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Swartz, G. [Swartz and Associates (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Tools & Resources: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case Studies Case Studies Find out more about how energy efficiency upgrade programs across the United States are using innovative financing mechanisms, high-demand promotions, tailored contractor training, and more to drive the number of building upgrades through a holistic, whole-home approach. Use the lessons they learned to accelerate your own program's journey to success. The case studies below provide extensive, beneficial insight from Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partners and others on the topics of: Driving Demand Financing Service Delivery Workforce Development. Topic Title Description Program Featured Sector Source Year Service Delivery Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time Provides examples of lessons learned through the implementation and monitoring of Austin Energy's Best Offer Ever promotion. The promotional offer generated a record number of home upgrades in just six months.

274

Geothermal studies in northern Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) and University of California (UCB), under the auspices of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration, are conducting field studies at potential geothermal resource areas in north-central Nevada. The goal of the LBL-UCB program is to develop and evaluate techniques for the assessment of the resource potential of liquid-dominated systems. Field studies presently being conducted in northern Nevada incorporate an integrated program of geologic, geophysical, and geochemical surveys leading to heat flow measurements, and eventually to deep (1.5 to 2 km) confirmatory drill holes. Techniques evaluated include geophysical methods to measure contrasts in electrical resistivity and seismic parameters. Geochemical studies have emphasized techniques to disclose the pathways of water from its meteoric origin into and through the hydrothermal systems. Geochemical and radiometric analyses also help to provide a baseline upon which the effects of future geothermal development may be superimposed.

Wollenberg, H.A.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

CO2 Mineral Sequestration Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequestration Studies Sequestration Studies Introduction, Issues and Plans Philip Goldberg National Energy Technology Laboratory Workshop on CO 2 Sequestration with Minerals August 8, 2001 Mineral Sequestration Program Research effort seeks to refine and validate a promising CO 2 sequestration technology option, mineral sequestration also known as mineral carbonation Goals: * Understand the fundamental mechanisms involved in mineral carbonation * Generate data to support process development * Operate continuous, integrated small-scale process unit to support design Current Partnerships In order to effectively develop Mineral Sequestration, a multi-laboratory Working Group was formed in the Summer of 1998, participants include: * Albany Research Center * Arizona State University * Los Alamos National Laboratory

276

Geotechnical studies of geothermal reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is proposed to delineate the important factors in the geothermal environment that will affect drilling. The geologic environment of the particular areas of interest are described, including rock types, geologic structure, and other important parameters that help describe the reservoir and overlying cap rock. The geologic environment and reservoir characteristics of several geothermal areas were studied, and drill bits were obtained from most of the areas. The geothermal areas studied are: (1) Geysers, California, (2) Imperial Valley, California, (3) Roosevelt Hot Springs, Utah, (4) Bacca Ranch, Valle Grande, New Mexico, (5) Jemez Caldera, New Mexico, (6) Raft River, Idaho, and (7) Marysville, Montona. (MHR)

Pratt, H.R.; Simonson, E.R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in a two year study of a 1200 MWe commercial tandem mirror reactor (MARS - Mirror Advanced Reactor Study) has reached the point where major reactor system technologies are identified. New design features of the magnets, blankets, plug heating systems and direct converter are described. With the innovation of radial drift pumping to maintain low plug density, reactor recirculating power fraction is reduced to 20%. Dominance of radial ion and impurity losses into the halo permits gridless, circular direct converters to be dramatically reduced in size. Comparisons of MARS with the Starfire tokamak design are made.

Logan, B.G.

1983-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

278

Case study of Frontal Boundary Study Mission 03  

SciTech Connect

The Frontal Boundary Study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy in October and November 1989 in central Ohio. This report, which was prepared for the US Environmental Protection Agency, presents the results of the aircraft and surface observations made for one precipitation event during the study, on October 10, 1989. This particular event was selected because of its relatively simple meteorological setting. PNL`s Gulfstream (G-1) aircraft was used to sample trace gas concentrations aloft in the inflow region of the precipitation system. Precipitation chemistry and rainfall rate data are presented for the October 10, 1989, event from the network of surface precipitation samplers. Trace gas concentrations and other meteorological variables measured with the G-1 during flight 03 on this date are included. Meteorological observations obtained with radiosondes and radar are also presented. These data sets can be used to evaluate air quality and wet deposition models.

Barchet, W.R.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Case study of Frontal Boundary Study Mission 03  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Frontal Boundary Study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy in October and November 1989 in central Ohio. This report, which was prepared for the US Environmental Protection Agency, presents the results of the aircraft and surface observations made for one precipitation event during the study, on October 10, 1989. This particular event was selected because of its relatively simple meteorological setting. PNL's Gulfstream (G-1) aircraft was used to sample trace gas concentrations aloft in the inflow region of the precipitation system. Precipitation chemistry and rainfall rate data are presented for the October 10, 1989, event from the network of surface precipitation samplers. Trace gas concentrations and other meteorological variables measured with the G-1 during flight 03 on this date are included. Meteorological observations obtained with radiosondes and radar are also presented. These data sets can be used to evaluate air quality and wet deposition models.

Barchet, W.R.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Overview of Cerro Prieto studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The studies performed on the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, Mexico, since the late 1950's are summarized. Emphasis is given to those activities leading to the identification of the sources of heat and mass, the fluid flow paths, and the phenomena occurring in the field in its natural state and under exploitation.

Lippmann, M.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Studying team shared mental models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As technology is used to support team-based activities, one important factor affecting the performance of teams is the kind of mental model shared between team members. This paper describes a novel conceptual graph based methodology to study these mental ... Keywords: conceptual graphs, mental models, shared mental models, taskwork, team communication, team effectiveness, team performance, teamwork

Sandra Carpenter; Julie L. Fortune; Harry S. Delugach; Letha H. Etzkorn; Dawn R. Utley; Phillip A. Farrington; Shamsnaz Virani

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Transportation Systems Engineering GRADUATE STUDIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Systems Engineering GRADUATE STUDIES TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS are the building blocks and provides for an improved quality of life. However, transportation systems by their very nature also affect the environment through physical construction and operation of transportation facilities, and through the travel

Wang, Yuhang

283

Taiwan Power TCSC Evaluation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report evaluates the use of Thyristor Controlled Series Compensation (TCSC) and conventional series compensation to more evenly distribute power flows on the Taiwan Power Company's (TPC) 345-kV Center-North interface and improve system dampings. This study concludes that the proposed compensation scheme would significantly improve the interface's performance capability.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fundamental studies of catalytic gasification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major purpose of this project was to finding catalysts which will permit steam gasification of carbonaceous material at reasonable rates and at lower temperatures than currently practiced. This quarter, experiments with steam gasification of graphite were performed. Catalysts studied were potassium, calcium, and nickel oxides. Reaction kinetics are discussed. 28 refs., 34 figs., 8 tabs.

Heinemann, H.; Somorjai, G.A.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benchmarking Study Final Report Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report DOE's former Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) conducted a benchmarking study of its...

286

2.4. Gauge R & R studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2.4. Gauge R & R studies. ... What are the issues for a gauge R & R study? What are the design considerations for the study? ...

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

287

Competitive Privacy in the Smart Grid: An Information-theoretic Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in sensing and communication capabilities as well as power industry deregulation are driving the need for distributed state estimation in the smart grid at the level of the regional transmission organizations (RTOs). This leads to a new competitive privacy problem amongst the RTOs since there is a tension between sharing data to ensure network reliability (utility/benefit to all RTOs) and withholding data for profitability and privacy reasons. The resulting tradeoff between utility, quantified via fidelity of its state estimate at each RTO, and privacy, quantified via the leakage of the state of one RTO at other RTOs, is captured precisely using a lossy source coding problem formulation for a two RTO network. For a two-RTO model, it is shown that the set of all feasible utility-privacy pairs can be achieved via a single round of communication when each RTO communicates taking into account the correlation between the measured data at both RTOs. The lossy source coding problem and solution developed he...

Sankar, Lalitha; Tandon, Ravi; Poor, H Vincent

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Photochemical Studies on Xanthurenic Acid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photochemical Studies on Xanthurenic Acid Photochemical Studies on Xanthurenic Acid J. E. Roberts, J. F. Wishart, L. Martinez, C. F. Chignell Photochem.Photobiol. 72, 467-471 (2000) Abstract: The tryptophan metabolite xanthurenic acid has been isolated from aged human cataractous lenses. The photophysical properties of xanthurenic acid were examined to determine if it is a potential chromophore for age-related cataractogenesis. We found that xanthurenic acid produces singlet oxygen (F*= 0.17; CD3OD) with the same efficiency as the lenticular chromophore N-formyl kynurenine and quenches singlet oxygen at a rate similar to other tryptophan metabolites (2.1 x 107 M-1 s-1; CD3OD) found in the eye. As the mechanisms of induction of cataracts may also involve redox reactions, the interactions of hydrated electrons (e-aq), the azide radical

289

Studies of Nonlinear Problems, I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. . . ~0s ALAMOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY of the UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA ' . c' . .: . Report written: May 1955 Report distributed: LA-1940 h .1 STUDIES OF NONLINEAR PROBLEMS. I . - 4 . . . ._~ Work done by: E. Fermi J. Pasta S. Ulam M. Tsingou PHYSICS Report written by: E. Fermi J. Pasta S. Ulam DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available document. original . - . * * , . ' ABSTRACT " .*. . A one-dimensional dynamical system of 64 particles with forces be- . . . tween neighbors containing nonlinear terms has been studied on the Los Alamos computer MANIAC I. The nonlinear terms considered are quadratic, cubic, and broken linear types. The results are analyzed into Fourier

290

Advanced Neutron Source enrichment study  

SciTech Connect

A study has been performed of the impact on performance of using low enriched uranium (20% {sup 235}U) or medium enriched uranium (35% {sup 235}U) as an alternative fuel for the Advanced Neutron Source, which is currently designed to use uranium enriched to 93% {sup 235}U. Higher fuel densities and larger volume cores were evaluated at the lower enrichments in terms of impact on neutron flux, safety, safeguards, technical feasibility, and cost. The feasibility of fabricating uranium silicide fuel at increasing material density was specifically addressed by a panel of international experts on research reactor fuels. The most viable alternative designs for the reactor at lower enrichments were identified and discussed. Several sensitivity analyses were performed to gain an understanding of the performance of the reactor at parametric values of power, fuel density, core volume, and enrichment that were interpolations between the boundary values imposed on the study or extrapolations from known technology.

Bari, R.A.; Ludewig, H.; Weeks, J.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Case Study - Liquefied Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Environmental Environmental Science Enviro Express Kenworth LNG tractor. Connecticut Clean Cities Future Fuels Project Case Study - Liquefied Natural Gas As a part of the U.S. Department of Energy's broad effort to develop cleaner transportation technologies that reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil, this study examines advanced 2011 natural gas fueled trucks using liquefied natural gas (LNG) replacing older diesel fueled trucks. The trucks are used 6 days per week in regional city-to-landfill long hauls of incinerator waste with two fills per day. This is a workable fit for the limited range LNG trucks. Reduction of fuel costs and harmful emissions relative to the replaced trucks are significant. Introduction The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act legislation

292

The California Healthy Buildings Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The California Healthy Buildings Study The California Healthy Buildings Study Buildings can cause health problems - that relationship is well-known. When asked to fill out questionnaires, occupants of office buildings often report that symptoms such as eye and nose irritation, headache, fatigue, and itchy skin are more frequent or severe when they are inside rather than outside their offices. In "sick" buildings, the frequency of these symptoms becomes unusually high. Typically, health officials deal reactively with complaints in office buildings by investigating only the sick building. They interview employees, measure indoor pollutant concentrations, and inspect ventilation systems. However, in many buildings, these measures fail to identify the causes of health complaints. During the past five years, researchers have started to use cross-sectional

293

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies W. M. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico S. Winiecki University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois Introduction Images and surface temperature measurements from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Multi- spectral Thermal Imaging (MTI) satellite are combined with geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) images during 2000 and 2001 to better understand cloud trail formation characteristics from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site. Figure 1 shows a comparison on two consecutive days in December 2000. The day for which a cloud trail developed was more moist and cooler at the altitude the cloud developed (about 600 m) and there was very little

294

Silicon photomultiplier timing performance study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many characteristics of Silicon Photomultipliers can be tuned with temperature and operation voltage. We present preliminary results of a study of the effect of these two operation parameters on the time resolution of large active area Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) manufactured by Hamamatsu. Measurements at -10 C, 0 C, and 10 C at different bias voltages were performed. The time resolution is best at low temperature and high over-voltage. Most significant improvements can be achieved in cases with low number of fired pixels (40 pixels) the effect of temperature and operation voltage becomes smaller. The timing performance still improves with decreasing temperature (~ factor of 2) but it hardly depends on the operation voltage. The study shows, that especially in applications where only few photons are available for detection a careful optimization of temperature and operation voltage are advisable to obtain optimum timing results with the MPPC.

Gama Ahmed; Paul Bühler; Johann Marton; Ken Suzuki

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

295

Studies of human mutation rates  

SciTech Connect

November 1989, marked the beginning of a new three-year cycle of DOE grant support, in connection with which the program underwent a major reorganization. This document presents the progress on the three objectives of the present program which are: to isolate by the technique of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE), proteins of special interest because of the relative mutability of the corresponding gene, establish the identity of the protein, and, for selected proteins, move to a characterization of the corresponding gene; to develop a more efficient approach, based on 2-D PAGE, for the detection of variants in DNA, with special reference to the identification of mutations in the parents of the individual whose DNA is being examined; and, to continue an effective interface with the genetic studies on the children of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, with reference to both the planning and implementation of new studies at the molecular level.

Neel, J.V.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

OTEC gas-desorption studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OTEC gas desorption studies were initiated with the goal of mitigating these effects and were carried out in four areas: (1) vacuum deaeration in a packed column, (2) deaeration in a barometric water intake system, (3) noncondensibles disposal through hydraulic air compression, and (4) OTEC deaeration subsystems' analysis. Laboratory experiments to date have completed the vacuum deaeration test of three different kinds of packings, barometric intake deaeration experiments, and a series of hydraulic air compression tests. Preliminary analyses based on the experimental data have shown that, as compared to the previous baseline study, reduction both in deaerator cost and pumping power can be realized with a combination of barometric intake and packed column deaeration. The design and operation of the gas desorption test loop, experimental and computer simulation results obtained, and an analysis of OTEC deaeration subsystem design based on the test results and their implication on OTEC open-cycle power systems are presented.

Chen, F.C.; Golshani, A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure Studying Materials Under Extreme Pressure Coupling undulator radiation from Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamlines 3-ID and 13-ID to nuclear resonant inelastic scattering techniques, researchers have determined the phonon density of states for iron under pressures up to 153 gigapascals, equivalent to those found at the Earth's core. Image of the Earth's core. Although indirect measurements and theory have, since the early 1950s, produced an informed picture of the structure and composition of the materials that make up the core of the Earth, direct proof and the answers to some intriguing questions remain unanswered. Previously, ultrahigh-pressure experiments using nuclear resonant inelastic scattering have been difficult to carry out due the tiny samples required.

298

Dickinson geothermal study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Inyan Kara Formation provides an abundant source of warm (54 to 71/sup 0/C) but salty (7400 mg/l combined Na and Cl ions) water for much of southwestern North Dakota. The city of Dickinson, ND, overlies this aquifer at 1676 to 1768 meters. This study investigates the potential of usng this hydrothermal resource as an energy source for a district heating system in a new undeveloped addition to Dickinson. In addition, the use of a reverse osmosis system to desalinate the water is considered along with other water treatment processes necessary to allow use of this water in the existing city water supply. The results of the study indicate the economic requirements to make this concept feasible and outline the consideration to carry the project into the design phase.

Fossum, G.O.; Harris, K.L.; Hassett, D.J.; Mathsen, D.V.; Owens, T.C.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Santa Cruz summer study papers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Utilization of conservation measures and application of passive solar design in buildings are examined. The notion that solar energy is materials-intensive and requires so much energy in construction as to be impractical is dispelled. Also, the notion that conservation is doing without is dispelled. This report is a collection of papers by the author related to the Summer Study and entitled: On the Quality of Buildings; Balanced Design; Technical Potential of Combined Passive Solar and Conservation Strategies; and Alternative BEPS Implementation.

Balcomb, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Vertical Flow Wetland Pilot Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an interim report to present the preliminary results of a study conducted by Duke Energy to test the potential effectiveness of vertical flow wetlands (VFWs) for the removal of selenium, mercury, and other related compounds from a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) discharge. These compounds commonly are found in and regulated for coal-fired utility water discharges. There is a widespread need for a cost-effective alternative to physiochemical treatment to maintain compliance for these parameters, on...

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Sub-Metering Scoping Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a scoping study conducted to identify options and approaches to sub-metering of residential loads, distributed generation, and storage.  Utility interest in this subject has increased, driven by the employment of residential solar photovoltaic systems as well as the potential for significant consumer adoption of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) in the near future and battery storage options in the longer term. For a variety of reasons, some utilities may find ...

2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Low Emittance Electron Beam Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied the properties of a low emittance electron beam produced by laser pulses incident onto an rf gun photocathode. The experiments were carried out at the A0 photoinjector at Fermilab. Such beam studies are necessary for fixing the design of new Linear Colliders as well as for the development of Free Electron Lasers. An overview of the A0 photoinjector is given in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2 we describe the A0 photoinjector laser system. A stable laser system is imperative for reliable photoinjector operation. After the recent upgrade, we have been able to reach a new level of stability in the pulse-to-pulse fluctuations of the pulse amplitude, and of the temporal and transverse profiles. In Chapter 3 we present a study of transverse emittance versus the shape of the photo-cathode drive-laser pulse. For that purpose a special temporal profile laser shaping device called a pulse-stacker was developed. In Chapter 4 we discuss longitudinal beam dynamics studies using a two macro-particle bunch; this technique is helpful in analyzing pulse compression in the magnetic chicane, as well as velocity bunching effects in the rf-gun and the 9-cell accelerating cavity. In Chapter 5 we introduce a proposal for laser acceleration of electrons. We have developed a laser functioning on the TEM*{sub 01} mode, a mode with a longitudinal electric field component which is suitable for such a process. Using this technique at energies above 40 MeV, one would be able to observe laser-based acceleration.

Tikhoplav, Rodion; /Rochester U.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Kenaf Black Liquor Gasification Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vision Paper (Albuquerque, New Mexico) is considering building a pulping mill in Tennessee. This study is a first step in determining if the gasification of black liquor derived from kenaf8212an annual fiber and a substitute for softwood in the pulping process8212would allow Vision Paper to meet strict environmental regulations while generating process steam for its pulp mill. In collaboration with USDA, Vision Paper previously developed a soda-AQ (anthraquninone) process for producing high-quality pulp ...

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

COURSES OF STUDY Undergraduate programmes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

107 W.Y. Kuo, J.S. Huang, T.E. Tan & C.Y. Chou Study on fly ash-saturation in cementitious materials 115 L. Guangcheng, L. Yunhua & X. Youjun #12;Ultra fine fly ash concrete 121 B.K.T. Kandie & E.A. Byars Achieving sustainable construction through use of fly ash in concrete ­ An Indian experience 131 M

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

305

Treated Wood Planted Post Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update describes the interim results of a planted post study currently under way at the Austin Cary Memorial Forest (ACMF), operated by The University of Florida, in Gainesville. The purpose of this research is to examine the effectiveness of commercially available prevention methods to reduce preservative migration from treated wood poles, compare the migration of constituents of various wood treatments, and assess the environmental impacts and performance of untreated chestnut.

2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

306

Boehmite Actual Waste Dissolutions Studies  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy plans to vitrify approximately 60,000 metric tons of high-level waste (HLW) sludge from underground storage tanks at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. To reduce the volume of HLW requiring treatment, a goal has been set to remove a significant quantity of the aluminum, which comprises nearly 70 percent of the sludge. Aluminum is found in the form of gibbsite, sodium aluminate and boehmite. Gibbsite and sodium aluminate can be easily dissolved by washing the waste stream with caustic. Boehmite, which comprises nearly half of the total aluminum, is more resistant to caustic dissolution and requires higher treatment temperatures and hydroxide concentrations. Samples were taken from four Hanford tanks and homogenized in order to give a sample that is representative of REDOX (Reduction Oxidation process for Pu recovery) sludge solids. Bench scale testing was performed on the homogenized waste to study the dissolution of boehmite. Dissolution was studied at three different hydroxide concentrations, with each concentration being run at three different temperatures. Samples were taken periodically over the 170 hour runs in order to determine leaching kinetics. Results of the dissolution studies and implications for the proposed processing of these wastes will be discussed.

Snow, Lanee A.; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Peterson, Reid A.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Heat Management Strategy Trade Study  

SciTech Connect

This Heat Management Trade Study was performed in 2008-2009 to expand on prior studies in continued efforts to analyze and evaluate options for cost-effectively managing SNF reprocessing wastes. The primary objective was to develop a simplified cost/benefit evaluation for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing that combines the characteristics of the waste generated through reprocessing with the impacts of the waste on heating the repository. Under consideration were age of the SNF prior to reprocessing, plutonium and minor actinide (MA) separation from the spent fuel for recycle, fuel value of the recycled Pu and MA, age of the remaining spent fuel waste prior to emplacement in the repository, length of time that active ventilation is employed in the repository, and elemental concentration and heat limits for acceptable glass waste form durability. A secondary objective was to identify and qualitatively analyze remaining issues such as (a) impacts of aging SNF prior to reprocessing on the fuel value of the recovered fissile materials, and (b) impact of reprocessing on the dose risk as developed in the Yucca Mountain Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). Results of this study can be used to evaluate different options for managing decay heat in waste streams from spent nuclear fuel.

Nick Soelberg; Steve Priebe; Dirk Gombert; Ted Bauer

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Dataplot Commands for Alaska Pipeline Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dataplot Commands for Alaska Pipeline Case Study. Set Software Options and Get Started, . . Starting Alaska Pipeline Calibration Case Study . . ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

The 2013 NCMS Nanotechnology Commercialization Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The 2013 NCMS Nanotechnology Commercialization Study ... the last decade to study the impact of the National Nanotechnology Initiative.

310

Sandy Hill Case Study Packet 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandy Hill Case Study Packet 2004. The Baldrige Case Study Packet is composed of documents used to train Baldrige ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

311

Studies in Chaotic adiabatic dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chaotic adiabatic dynamics refers to the study of systems exhibiting chaotic evolution under slowly time-dependent equations of motion. In this dissertation the author restricts his attention to Hamiltonian chaotic adiabatic systems. The results presented are organized around a central theme, namely, that the energies of such systems evolve diffusively. He begins with a general analysis, in which he motivates and derives a Fokker-Planck equation governing this process of energy diffusion. He applies this equation to study the {open_quotes}goodness{close_quotes} of an adiabatic invariant associated with chaotic motion. This formalism is then applied to two specific examples. The first is that of a gas of noninteracting point particles inside a hard container that deforms slowly with time. Both the two- and three-dimensional cases are considered. The results are discussed in the context of the Wall Formula for one-body dissipation in nuclear physics, and it is shown that such a gas approaches, asymptotically with time, an exponential velocity distribution. The second example involves the Fermi mechanism for the acceleration of cosmic rays. Explicit evolution equations are obtained for the distribution of cosmic ray energies within this model, and the steady-state energy distribution that arises when this equation is modified to account for the injection and removal of cosmic rays is discussed. Finally, the author re-examines the multiple-time-scale approach as applied to the study of phase space evolution under a chaotic adiabatic Hamiltonian. This leads to a more rigorous derivation of the above-mentioned Fokker-Planck equation, and also to a new term which has relevance to the problem of chaotic adiabatic reaction forces (the forces acting on slow, heavy degrees of freedom due to their coupling to light, fast chaotic degrees).

Jarzynski, C.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

AEROSOL PARTICLE COLLECTOR DESIGN STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computational evaluation of a particle collector design was performed to evaluate the behavior of aerosol particles in a fast flowing gas stream. The objective of the work was to improve the collection efficiency of the device while maintaining a minimum specified air throughput, nominal collector size, and minimal power requirements. The impact of a range of parameters was considered subject to constraints on gas flow rate, overall collector dimensions, and power limitations. Potential improvements were identified, some of which have already been implemented. Other more complex changes were identified and are described here for further consideration. In addition, fruitful areas for further study are proposed.

Lee, S; Richard Dimenna, R

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Virtual instrumentation to study galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIGALE project (http://www.sai.msu.su/migale) provides databases and data analysis tools to study the evolution of galaxies from z=1 to z=0. It develops and maintain a general database, HyperLeda, to give a homogenized parameterization for 3 million objects, and several archives or specialized databases. It also develops tools to analyse on-the-fly data extracted from the database or obtained through the Virtual Observatory (Virtual Instruments). The package made for this project, Pleinpot, is distributed as open source.

Ph. Prugniel; I. Chilingarian; H. Flores; J. Guibert; R. Haigron; I. Jegouzo; F. Royer; F. Tajahmady; G. Theureau; J. Vetois

2004-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

314

Spectroscopic studies of hydrogen collisions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low energy collisions involving neutral excited states of hydrogen are being studied with vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy. Atomic hydrogen is generated by focusing an energetic pulse of ArF, KrF, or YAG laser light into a cell of molecular hydrogen, where a plasma is created near the focal point. The H{sub 2} molecules in and near this region are dissociated, and the cooling atomic hydrogen gas is examined with laser and dispersive optical spectroscopy. In related experiments, we are also investigating neutral H + O and H + metal {minus} atom collisions in these laser-generated plasmas.

Kielkopf, J.

1991-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

HTGR spent fuel storage study  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a study of alternate methods of storing high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) spent fuel. General requirements and design considerations are defined for a storage facility integral to a fuel recycle plant. Requirements for stand-alone storage are briefly considered. Three alternate water-cooled storage conceptual designs (plug well, portable well, and monolith) are considered and compared to a previous air-cooled design. A concept using portable storage wells in racks appears to be the most favorable, subject to seismic analysis and economic evaluation verification.

Burgoyne, R.M.; Holder, N.D.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Hard Scattering Studies at Jlab  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present current activities and future prospects for studies of hard scattering processes using the CLAS detector and the CEBAF polarized electron beam. Kinematic dependences of single and double spin asymmetries have been measured in a wide kinematic range at CLAS with a polarized NH{sub 3} and unpolarized liquid hydrogen targets. It has been shown that the data are consistent with factorization and observed target and beam asymmetries are in good agreement with measurements performed at higher energies, suggesting that the high energy-description of the semi-inclusive DIS process can be extended to the moderate energies of JLab measurements.

Harutyun Avagyan; Peter Bosted; Volker Burkert; Latifa Elouadrhiri

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Small power systems study. Volume. Study results. Technical summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Division of Solar Technology of the Department of Energy is currently examining the market potential of a number of dispersed solar energy systems, including the small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) solar thermal power system. Small fossil-fueled generating units in the United States utility system, (i.e., investor-owned, municipal, and cooperatives) have a current capacity of approximately 8000 MW/sub e/ or about 1.5 percent of the total US electrical capacity, and provide a large potential market for small solar thermal power systems. The Small Power Systems Study has as its objective the determination of conditions under which small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) solar thermal power units can provide cost-effective electrical power to a variety of users. Potential users, in addition to the utility systems; include Department of Defense installations and applications, remote mining and/or lumbering operations, and other industrial power systems with and without cogeneration. The first year's results on the Small Power Systems Study are summarized. The data base used and the breakeven cost analysis are discussed. Information on both small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) generating units and the utility systems using them is presented as well as data on fossil fuel costs, solar plant costs, and solar insolation values. The results of a survey of Department of Defense (DOD) worldwide electrical generating capacity at its military bases and on a potential DOD application are presented. Information on a potential small solar power system experiment in the interior of Alaska is given, and a limited amount of information on a remote application which would provide power or a large open pit copper mine is presented. Volume II of this Technical Summary Report contains an inventory, by state, of the small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) generating units in the US utility system. (WHK)

Sitney, L.R.

1978-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Small power systems study. Volume. Study results. Technical summary report  

SciTech Connect

The Division of Solar Technology of the Department of Energy is currently examining the market potential of a number of dispersed solar energy systems, including the small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) solar thermal power system. Small fossil-fueled generating units in the United States utility system, (i.e., investor-owned, municipal, and cooperatives) have a current capacity of approximately 8000 MW/sub e/ or about 1.5 percent of the total US electrical capacity, and provide a large potential market for small solar thermal power systems. The Small Power Systems Study has as its objective the determination of conditions under which small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) solar thermal power units can provide cost-effective electrical power to a variety of users. Potential users, in addition to the utility systems; include Department of Defense installations and applications, remote mining and/or lumbering operations, and other industrial power systems with and without cogeneration. The first year's results on the Small Power Systems Study are summarized. The data base used and the breakeven cost analysis are discussed. Information on both small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) generating units and the utility systems using them is presented as well as data on fossil fuel costs, solar plant costs, and solar insolation values. The results of a survey of Department of Defense (DOD) worldwide electrical generating capacity at its military bases and on a potential DOD application are presented. Information on a potential small solar power system experiment in the interior of Alaska is given, and a limited amount of information on a remote application which would provide power or a large open pit copper mine is presented. Volume II of this Technical Summary Report contains an inventory, by state, of the small (less than or equal to 10 MW/sub e/) generating units in the US utility system. (WHK)

Sitney, L.R.

1978-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

The ARIES tokamak reactor study  

SciTech Connect

The ARIES study is a community effort to develop several visions of tokamaks as fusion power reactors. The aims are to determine the potential economics, safety, and environmental features of a range of possible tokamak reactors, and to identify physics and technology areas with the highest leverage for achieving the best tokamak reactor. Three ARIES visions are planned, each having a different degree of extrapolation from the present data base in physics and technology. The ARIES-I design assumes a minimum extrapolation from current tokamak physics (e.g., 1st stability) and incorporates technological advances that can be available in the next 20 to 30 years. ARIES-II is a DT-burning tokamak which would operate at a higher beta in the 2nd MHD stability regime. It employs both potential advances in the physics and expected advances in technology and engineering. ARIES-II will examine the potential of the tokamak and the D{sup 3}He fuel cycle. This report is a collection of 14 papers on the results of the ARIES study which were presented at the IEEE 13th Symposium on Fusion Engineering (October 2-6, 1989, Knoxville, TN). This collection describes the ARIES research effort, with emphasis on the ARIES-I design, summarizing the major results, the key technical issues, and the central conclusions.

Not Available

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Study of federal microwave standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Present and future federal regulatory processes which may impact the permissible levels of microwave radiation emitted by the SPS Microwave Power Transmission (MPTS) were studied. An historical development of US occupational and public microwave standards includes an overview of Western and East European philosophies of environmental protection and neurophysiology which have led to the current widely differing maximum permissible exposure limits to microwaves. The possible convergence of microwave standards is characterized by a lowering of Western exposure levels while Eastern countries consider standard relaxation. A trend toward stricter controls on activities perceived as harmful to public health is under way as is interest in improving the federal regulatory process. Particularly relevant to SPS is the initiation of long-term, low-level microwave exposure programs. Coupled with new developments in instrumentation and dosimetry, the results from chronic exposure program and population exposure studies could be expected within the next five to ten years. Also discussed is the increasing public concern that rf energy is yet another hazardous environmental agent.

David, L.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Studies of human mutation rates  

SciTech Connect

The three objectives of the program are: To isolate by the technique of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE), proteins of special interest because of the relative mutability of the corresponding gene, establish the identity of the protein, and, for selected proteins, move to a characterization of the corresponding gene; To develop a more efficient approach, based on 2-D PAGE, for the detection of variants in DNA, with special reference to the identification of a variant in a child not present in either parent of the child (i.e., a mutation); and, To continue an effective interface with the genetic studies on the children of atomic bomb survivors in Japan, with reference to both the planning and implementation of new studies at the molecular level. For administrative purposes, the program is subdivided into four sections, each under the direction of one of the four co-PIs; the progress during the past year will be summarized in accordance with this sectional structure. 1 tab.

Neel, J.V.

1991-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

SMUD Kokhala Power Tower Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Kokhala is the name of a new hybridized power tower design which integrates a nitrate-salt solar power tower with a gas turbine combined-cycle power plant. This integration achieves high value energy, low costs, and lower investor risk than a conventional solar only power tower plant. One of the primary advantages of this system is that it makes small power tower plants much more economically competitive with conventional power generation technologies. This paper is an overview of a study that performed a conceptual evaluation of a small (30 MWe) commercial plant suitable for the Sacramento Municipal Utility District`s (SMUD) Rancho Seco power plant site near Sacramento, California. This paper discusses the motivation for using a small hybrid solar plant and provides an overview of the analysis methodology used in the study. The results indicate that a power tower integrated with an advanced gas turbine, combined with Sacramento`s summer solar resource, could produce a low- risk, economically viable power generation project in the near future.

Price, Henry W. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO (United States); Whitney, Daniel D.; Beebe, H.I. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Muon muon collider: Feasibility study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feasibility study is presented of a 2 + 2 TeV muon collider with a luminosity of L = 10{sup 35} cm{sup {minus}2} s{sup {minus}1}. The resulting design is not optimized for performance, and certainly not for cost; however, it does suffice--the authors believe--to allow them to make a credible case, that a muon collider is a serious possibility for particle physics and, therefore, worthy of R and D support so that the reality of, and interest in, a muon collider can be better assayed. The goal of this support would be to completely assess the physics potential and to evaluate the cost and development of the necessary technology. The muon collider complex consists of components which first produce copious pions, then capture the pions and the resulting muons from their decay; this is followed by an ionization cooling channel to reduce the longitudinal and transverse emittance of the muon beam. The next stage is to accelerate the muons and, finally, inject them into a collider ring which has a small beta function at the colliding point. This is the first attempt at a point design and it will require further study and optimization. Experimental work will be needed to verify the validity of diverse crucial elements in the design.

NONE

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

324

Role of the breeder in long-term energy economics  

SciTech Connect

Private and public decisions affecting the use of nuclear and other energy technologies over a long-run time horizon were studied using the ETA-MACRO model which provides for economic- and energy-sector interactions. The impact on the use of competing energy technologies of a public decision to apply benefit-cost analysis to the production of carbon dioxide that enters the atmosphere is considered. Assuming the public choice is to impose an appropriate penalty tax on those technologies which generate CO/sub 2/ and to allow decentralized private decisions to choose the optimal mix of energy technologies that maximize a nonlinear objective function subject to constraints, the study showed that breeder technology provides a much-larger share of domestically consumed energy. Having the breeder technology available as a substitute permits control of CO/sub 2/ without significant reductions in consumption or gross national product growth paths.

Kosobud, R.F.; Daly, T.A.; Chang, Y.I.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Muon Muon Collider: Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study is presented of a 2 + 2 TeV muon collider with a luminosity of L = 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The resulting design is not optimized for performance, and certainly not for cost; however, it does suffice - we believe - to allow us to make a credible case, that a muon collider is a serious possibility for particle physics and, therefore, worthy of R and D support so that the reality of, and interest in, a muon collider can be better assayed. The goal of this support would be to completely assess the physics potential and to evaluate the cost and development of the necessary technology. The muon collider complex consists of components which first produce copious pions, then capture the pions and the resulting muons from their decay; this is followed by an ionization cooling channel to reduce the longitudinal and transverse emittance of the muon beam. The next stage is to accelerate the muons and, finally, inject them into a collider ring wich has a small beta function at the colliding point. This is the first attempt at a point design and it will require further study and optimization. Experimental work will be needed to verify the validity of diverse crucial elements in the design. Muons because of their large mass compared to an electron, do not produce significant synchrotron radiation. As a result there is negligible beamstrahlung and high energy collisions are not limited by this phenomena. In addition, muons can be accelerated in circular devices which will be considerably smaller than two full-energy linacs as required in an e{sup +} - e{sup -} collider. A hadron collider would require a CM energy 5 to 10 times higher than 4 TeV to have an equivalent energy reach. Since the accelerator size is limited by the strength of bending magnets, the hadron collider for the same physics reach would have to be much larger than the muon collider. In addition, muon collisions should be cleaner than hadron collisions. There are many detailed particle reactions which are open to a muon collider and the physics of such reactions - what one learns and the necessary luminosity to see interesting events - are described in detail. Most of the physics accesible to an e{sup +} - e{sup -} collider could be studied in a muon collider. In addition the production of Higgs bosons in the s-channel will allow the measurement of Higgs masses and total widths to high precision; likewise, t{bar t} and W{sup +}W{sup -} threshold studies would yield m{sub t} and m{sub w} to great accuracy. These reactions are at low center of mass energy (if the MSSM is correct) and the luminosity and {Delta}p/p of the beams required for these measurements is detailed in the Physics Chapter. On the other hand, at 2 + 2 TeV, a luminosity of L {approx} 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} is desirable for studies such as, the scattering of longitudinal W bosons or the production of heavy scalar particles. Not explored in this work, but worth noting, are the opportunities for muon-proton and muon-heavy ion collisions as well as the enormous richness of such a facility for fixed target physics provided by the intense beams of neutrinos, muons, pions, kaons, antiprotons and spallation neutrons. To see all the interesting physics described herein requires a careful study of the operation of a detector in the very large background. Three sources of background have been identified. The first is from any halo accompanying the muon beams in the collider ring. Very carefully prepared beams will have to be injected and maintained. The second is due to the fact that on average 35% of the muon energy appears in its decay electron. The energy of the electron subsequently is converted into EM showers either from the synchrotron radiation they emit in the collider magnetic field or from direct collision with the surrounding material. The decays that occur as the beams traverse the low beta insert are of particular concern for detector backgrounds. A third source of background is e{sup +} - e{sup -} pair creation from {mu}{sup +} - {mu}{sup -} interaction. Studies of

Gallardo, J.C.; Palmer, R.B.; /Brookhaven; Tollestrup, A.V.; /Fermilab; Sessler, A.M.; /LBL, Berkeley; Skrinsky, A.N.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Ankenbrandt, C.; Geer, S.; Griffin, J.; Johnstone, C.; Lebrun, P.; McInturff, A.; Mills, Frederick E.; Mokhov, N.; Moretti, A.; Neuffer, D.; Ng, K.Y.; Noble, R.; Novitski, I.; Popovic, M.; Qian, C.; Van Ginneken, A. /Fermilab /Brookhaven /Wisconsin U., Madison /Tel Aviv U. /Indiana U. /UCLA /LBL, Berkeley /SLAC /Argonne /Sobolev IM, Novosibirsk /UC, Davis /Munich, Tech. U. /Virginia U. /KEK, Tsukuba /DESY /Novosibirsk, IYF /Jefferson Lab /Mississippi U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /MIT /Columbia U. /Fairfield U. /UC, Berkeley

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

326

Select Economic Implications for the Biological Control of Arundo donax along the Rio Grande  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arundo donax, or giant reed, is a large, bamboo-like plant native to Spain that has invaded several thousand acres of the Rio Grande riparian in Texas. The plant grows to 18-24 feet, consuming large quantities of water per acre per year. With concern of increased water demands in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley region, the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA)ARS) is investigating four herbivorous insects as potential biological control agents for Arundo donax to facilitate increased water supply. This study examines select economic implications for agricultural water users in the United States of applying these biological control agents along the Rio Grande. The research includes (a) estimating the value of the water saved due to the reduction of Arundo donax, (b) a benefit-cost analysis, (c) regional economic impact analysis, and (d) an estimate of the per-unit cost of water saved over a 50-year planning horizon (2009 through 2058). The model ArundoEcon is used to perform a deterministic analyses using low- and high-marginal-composite acre values. Regional results indicate present values of farmlevel benefits ranging from $97.80 to $159.87 million. Benefit-cost ratios are calculated with normalized prices and range from 4.38 to 8.81. Sensitivity analyses provide a robust set of results for Arundo water use, replacement species water use, Arundo expansion rate after control, value of water, and the cost of the program. The pre-production processes and farm-gate economic impact analysis is estimated using multipliers from the IMPLAN model. Regional results reveal a range of $8.90 to $17.94 million annually in economic output and 197 to 351 new jobs for the year 2025. Further results show the cost per acre-foot of water saved is $44.08. This amount is comparable to other projects designed to conserve water in the region. The USDA)ARS, Weslaco, Texas Arundo donax biological control project realizes positive results for the benefit-cost ratios, economic impact analyses, and competitive results for the per-unit cost of saving water. These positive results indicate this project will have positive economic implications for the U.S. and the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley.

Seawright, Emily Kaye

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

JGI - CSP Proposal Study Panel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Programs User Programs Project Management Office Community Science Program Emerging Technologies Opportunity Program Technology Development Pilot Program Genomic Encyc. of Bacteria and Archaea MyJGI: Information for Collaborators The CSP Proposal Study Panel CSP | Overview | How to Propose a Project | Review Process | DOE Relevance Proposal Schedule | Project Management | Forms | FAQ | People and Contacts Members Nina Agabian University of California, San Francisco, http://www.ucsf.edu Chris Amemiya Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, http://www.benaroyaresearch.org Gary L. Andersen Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, http://www.lbl.gov Jo Ann Banks Purdue University, http://www.purdue.edu John Battista Louisiana State University, http://www.lsu.edu Fred Brockman

328

Neutrino Factory Physics Study Plots  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plots Plots Kerrys Plot Area Rajas Plot Area Superbeams draft report Steves Talk at the 2 day meeting for the neutrino factory physics study, 17-18 Feb, 2000. sin2 2theta(13) reach summary plot Superbeam plots Fig. 3 for superbeams paper Very long baseline conventional beam setup at FNAL Decay channel length versus baseline for conventional beams at FNAL Pion decay fraction versus baseline for conventional beams at FNAL Superbeam sin**2 2theta(13) sensitivity vs E and L: Rate table for WBB, LAr Superbeam sin**2 2theta(13) sensitivity vs E and L: Rate table for NBB, water C NUMI medium energy beam, baseline 2800 km, s2 2theta(13) = 0.01 NUMI medium energy beam, baseline 2800 km, s2 2theta(13) = 0.04 Draft paper Figures for entry level and beyond paper Fig. X1 Wrong-sign muon CC interaction spectrum versus muon

329

Nuclear Explosive Safety Study Process  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3015-2001 3015-2001 February 2001 Superseding DOE-STD-3015-97 January 1997 DOE STANDARD NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE SAFETY STUDY PROCESS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-STD-3015-2001 iii CONTENTS FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v 1. PURPOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

330

Orange and Rockland Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 2012 0 2012 Orange and Rockland Case Study 1 Voltage Control Device A "Model-Centric" Approach to Smarter Electric Distribution Systems Orange and Rockland Utilities (ORU), is an investor-owned utility and a subsidiary of Consolidated Edison Incorporated (Con Edison), and is located in suburban New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, west of New York City. ORU is a key participant in Con Edison's $272 million Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) project to modernize electric distribution systems. With $136 million in Recovery Act funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, Con Edison and ORU expect to install smart grid technologies that provide: (1) lower frequency and duration of outages, (2)

331

Monument Valley Phytoremediation Pilot Study:  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1.8 1.8 U.S. Department of Energy UMTRA Ground Water Project Monument Valley Ground Water Remediation Work Plan: Native Plant Farming and Phytoremediation Pilot Study August 1998 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Grand Junction Office Prepared by MACTEC Environmental Restoration Services, LLC Grand Junction, Colorado Project Number UGW-511-0015-10-000 Document Number U0029501 Work Performed under DOE Contract No. DE-AC13-96GJ87335 Note: Some of the section page numbers in the Table of Contents may not correspond to the page on which the section appears when viewing them in Adobe Acrobat. Document Number U0029501 Contents DOE/Grand Junction Office Monument Valley Ground Water Remediation Work Plan August 1998 Page v Contents Page Acronyms .

332

The Ignition Physics Study Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the US magnetic fusion program there have been relatively few standing committees of experts, with the mandate to review a particular sub-area on a continuing basis. Generally, ad hoc committees of experts have been assembled to advise on a particular issue. There has been a lack of broad, systematic and continuing review and analysis, combining the wisdom of experts in the field, in support of decision making. The Ignition Physics Study Group (IPSG) provides one forum for the systematic discussion of fusion science, complementing the other exchanges of information, and providing a most important continuity in this critical area. In a similar manner to the European program, this continuity of discussion and the focus provided by a national effort, Compact Ignition Tokamak (CIT), and international effort, Engineering Test Reactor (ETR), are helping to lower those barriers which previously were an impediment to rational debate.

Sheffield, J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Advance in MEIC cooling studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cooling of ion beams is essential for achieving a high luminosity for MEIC at Jefferson Lab. In this paper, we present the design concept of the electron cooling system for MEIC. In the design, two facilities are required for supporting a multi-staged cooling scheme; one is a 2 MeV DC cooler in the ion pre-booster; the other is a high electron energy (up to 55 MeV) ERL-circulator cooler in the collider ring. The simulation studies of beam dynamics in an ERL-circulator cooler are summarized and followed by a report on technology development for this cooler. We also discuss two proposed experiments for demonstrating high energy cooling with a bunched electron beam and the ERL-circulator cooler.

Zhang, Yuhong [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Derbenev, Ya. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Douglas, D. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Hutton, A. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Kimber, A. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Li, R. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Nissen, E. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Tennant, [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, H. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Feasibility Study | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

23 23 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142280123 Varnish cache server Feasibility Study Dataset Summary Description Reduction of global greenhouse gas emission to arrest global warming requires minimizing the use of fossil fuels. To achieve this a large scale use of renewable energies must be made over the globe for production of electrical and thermal energy. Success of wind and solar energy projects require detailed and precise information on the resources. For most developing countries adequate information on the resources are not available. Source Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka Date Released February 19th, 2007 (7 years ago)

335

NEXT GENERATION TURBINE SYSTEM STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rolls-Royce has completed a preliminary design and marketing study under a Department of Energy (DOE) cost shared contract (DE-AC26-00NT40852) to analyze the feasibility of developing a clean, high efficiency, and flexible Next Generation Turbine (NGT) system to meet the power generation market needs of the year 2007 and beyond. Rolls-Royce evaluated the full range of its most advanced commercial aerospace and aeroderivative engines alongside the special technologies necessary to achieve the aggressive efficiency, performance, emissions, economic, and flexibility targets desired by the DOE. Heavy emphasis was placed on evaluating the technical risks and the economic viability of various concept and technology options available. This was necessary to ensure the resulting advanced NGT system would provide extensive public benefits and significant customer benefits without introducing unacceptable levels of technical and operational risk that would impair the market acceptance of the resulting product. Two advanced cycle configurations were identified as offering significant advantages over current combined cycle products available in the market. In addition, balance of plant (BOP) technologies, as well as capabilities to improve the reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) of industrial gas turbine engines, have been identified. A customer focused survey and economic analysis of a proposed Rolls-Royce NGT product configuration was also accomplished as a part of this research study. The proposed Rolls-Royce NGT solution could offer customers clean, flexible power generation systems with very high efficiencies, similar to combined cycle plants, but at a much lower specific cost, similar to those of simple cycle plants.

Frank Macri

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

336

SEAPORT LIQUID NATURAL GAS STUDY  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Seaport Liquid Natural Gas Study has attempted to evaluate the potential for using LNG in a variety of heavy-duty vehicle and equipment applications at the Ports of Los Angeles and Oakland. Specifically, this analysis has focused on the handling and transport of containerized cargo to, from and within these two facilities. In terms of containerized cargo throughput, Los Angeles and Oakland are the second and sixth busiest ports in the US, respectively, and together handle nearly 4.5 million TEUs per year. At present, the landside handling and transportation of containerized cargo is heavily dependent on diesel-powered, heavy-duty vehicles and equipment, the utilization of which contributes significantly to the overall emissions impact of port-related activities. Emissions from diesel units have been the subject of increasing scrutiny and regulatory action, particularly in California. In the past two years alone, particulate matter from diesel exhaust has been listed as a toxic air contaminant by CAM, and major lawsuits have been filed against several of California's largest supermarket chains, alleging violation of Proposition 65 statutes in connection with diesel emissions from their distribution facilities. CARE3 has also indicated that it may take further regulatory action relating to the TAC listing. In spite of these developments and the very large diesel emissions associated with port operations, there has been little AFV penetration in these applications. Nearly all port operators interviewed by CALSTART expressed an awareness of the issues surrounding diesel use; however, none appeared to be taking proactive steps to address them. Furthermore, while a less controversial issue than emissions, the dominance of diesel fuel use in heavy-duty vehicles contributes to a continued reliance on imported fuels. The increasing concern regarding diesel use, and the concurrent lack of alternative fuel use and vigorous emissions reduction activity at the Ports provide both the backdrop and the impetus for this study.

COOK,Z.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Multnomah County Hydrokinetic Feasibility Study: Final Feasibility Study Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HDR has completed a study of the technical, regulatory, and economic feasibility of installing hydrokinetic turbines under the Morrison, Broadway, and Sellwood bridges. The primary objective of installing hydrokinetic turbines is a demonstration of in-stream hydrokinetic technologies for public education and outreach. Due to the low gradient of the Lower Willamette and the effects of the tide, velocities in the area in consideration are simply not high enough to economically support a commercial installation. While the velocities in the river may at times provide enough energy for a commercial turbine to reach capacity, the frequency and duration of high flow events which provide suitable velocities is not sufficient to support a commercial hydrokinetic installation. We have observed that over an 11 year period, daily average velocities in the Lower Willamette exceeded a nominal cut-in speed of 0.75 m/s only 20% of the time, leaving net zero power production for the remaining 80% of days. The Sellwood Bridge site was estimated to have the best hydrokinetic resource, with an estimated average annual production of about 9,000 kWh. The estimated production could range from 2,500 kWh to 15,000 kWh. Based on these energy estimates, the amount of revenue generated through either a power purchase agreement (PPA) or recovered through net metering is not sufficient to repay the project costs within the life of the turbine. The hydrokinetic resource at the Morrison and Broadway Bridges is slightly smaller than at the Sellwood Bridge. While the Broadway and Morrison Bridges have existing infrastructure that could be utilized, the project is not expected to generate enough revenue to repay the investment. Despite low velocities and energy production, the sites themselves are favorable for installation of a demonstration or experimental project. With high public interest in renewable energy, the possibility exists to develop a hydrokinetic test site which could provide developers and scientists a location to temporarily deploy and test hydrokinetic devices, and also function as an educational tool for the general public. Bridge piers provide an excellent pre-existing anchor point for hydrokinetic devices, and existing infrastructure at the Morrison and Broadway Bridges may reduce installation costs. Opportunity exists to partner with local universities with engineering and environmental interest in renewable energy. A partnership with Portland State University�¢����s engineering school could provide students with an opportunity to learn about hydrokinetics through senior design projects. Oregon State University and University of Washington, which are partnered through the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (NNMREC) to study and test hydrokinetic technology, are also relatively local to the site. In addition to providing an opportunity for both public and private entities to learn technically about in-stream kinetics, this approach will encourage grant funding for outreach, education, and product development, while also serving as a positive community relations opportunity for the County and its partners.

Stephen Spain

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Oxy-coal Combustion Studies  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to move toward the development of a predictive capability with quantified uncertainty bounds for pilot-scale, single-burner, oxy-coal operation. This validation research brings together multi-scale experimental measurements and computer simulations. The combination of simulation development and validation experiments is designed to lead to predictive tools for the performance of existing air fired pulverized coal boilers that have been retrofitted to various oxy-firing configurations. In addition, this report also describes novel research results related to oxy-combustion in circulating fluidized beds. For pulverized coal combustion configurations, particular attention is focused on the effect of oxy-firing on ignition and coal-flame stability, and on the subsequent partitioning mechanisms of the ash aerosol. To these ends, the project has focused on the following: â?˘ The development of reliable Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of oxy-coal flames using the Direct Quadrature Method of Moments (DQMOM) (Subtask 3.1). The simulations were validated for both non-reacting particle-laden jets and oxy-coal flames. â?˘ The modifications of an existing oxy-coal combustor to allow operation with high levels of input oxygen to enable in-situ laser diagnostic measurements as well as the development of strategies for directed oxygen injection (Subtask 3.2). Flame stability was quantified for various burner configurations. One configuration that was explored was to inject all the oxygen as a pure gas within an annular oxygen lance, with burner aerodynamics controlling the subsequent mixing. â?˘ The development of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) for identification of velocity fields in turbulent oxy-coal flames in order to provide high-fidelity data for the validation of oxy-coal simulation models (Subtask 3.3). Initial efforts utilized a laboratory diffusion flame, first using gas-fuel and later a pulverized-coal flame to ensure the methodology was properly implemented and that all necessary data and image-processing techniques were fully developed. Success at this stage of development led to application of the diagnostics in a large-scale oxy-fuel combustor (OFC). â?˘ The impact of oxy-coal-fired vs. air-fired environments on SO{sub x} (SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}) emissions during coal combustion in a pilot-scale circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) (Subtask 3.4). Profiles of species concentration and temperature were obtained for both conditions, and profiles of temperature over a wide range of O{sub 2} concentration were studied for oxy-firing conditions. The effect of limestone addition on SO{sub 2} and SO{sub 3} emissions were also examined for both air- and oxy- firing conditions. â?˘ The investigation of O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} environments on SO{sub 2 emissions during coal combustion in a bench-scale single-particle fluidized-bed reactor (Subtask 3.5). Moreover, the sulfation mechanisms of limestone in O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2}/N{sub 2} environments were studied, and a generalized gassolid and diffusion-reaction single-particle model was developed to study the effect of major operating variables. â?˘ The investigation of the effect of oxy-coal combustion on ash formation, particle size distributions (PSD), and size-segregated elemental composition in a drop-tube furnace and the 100 kW OFC (Subtask 3.6). In particular, the effect of coal type and flue gas recycle (FGR, OFC only) was investigated.

J. Wendt; E. Eddings; J. Lighty; T. Ring; P. Smith; J. Thornock; Y. Jia, W. Morris; J. Pedel; D. Rezeai; L. Wang; J. Zhang; K. Kelly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Property:Study Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Study Type" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Laboratory Test + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Field Test + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + Long-term Monitoring +

340

Helping our members work together to keep the lights on today and in the future  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ISO/RTO ISO/RTO Challenges and Opportunites DOE Transmission Workshop Crystal City, VA November 1, 2012 Carl Monroe, EVP & COO cmonroe@spp.org · 501.614.3218 Independent System Operator (ISO) / Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) Map 3 California ISO Southwest Power Pool Alberta Electric System Operator MISO Electric Reliability Council of Texas PJM Interconnection New York ISO ISO New England Ontario Independent Electricity System Operator New Brunswick System Operator Improving Visibility and Understanding 4 This August 2011 storm caused more than a dozen concurrent transmission and generation outages Improving Visibility and Understanding 5 SPP kept the lights on, but at what cost? How can we use technology and data to implement better

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341

Solar-climatic statistical study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Solar-Climatic Statistical Study was performed to provide statistical information on the expected future availability of solar and wind power at various nationwide sites. Historic data (SOLMET), at 26 National Weather Service stations reporting hourly solar insolation and collateral meteorological information, were interrogated to provide an estimate of future trends. Solar data are global radiation incident on a horizontal surface, and wind data represent wind power normal to the air flow. Selected insolation and wind power conditions were investigated for their occurrence and persistence, for defined periods of time, on a monthly basis. Information of this nature are intended as an aid to preliminary planning activities for the design and operation of solar and wind energy utilization and conversion systems. Presented in this volume are probability estimates of solar insolation and wind power, alone and in combination, occurring and persisting at or above specified thresholds, for up to one week, for each of the 26 SOLMET stations. Diurnal variations of wind power were also considered. Selected probability data for each station are presented graphically, and comprehensive plots for all stations are provided on a set of microfiche included in a folder in the back of this volume.

Bray, R.E.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Chickamauga reservoir embayment study - 1990  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this report are three-fold: (1) assess physical, chemical, and biological conditions in the major embayments of Chickamauga Reservoir; (2) compare water quality and biological conditions of embayments with main river locations; and (3) identify any water quality concerns in the study embayments that may warrant further investigation and/or management actions. Embayments are important areas of reservoirs to be considered when assessments are made to support water quality management plans. In general, embayments, because of their smaller size (water surface areas usually less than 1000 acres), shallower morphometry (average depth usually less than 10 feet), and longer detention times (frequently a month or more), exhibit more extreme responses to pollutant loadings and changes in land use than the main river region of the reservoir. Consequently, embayments are often at greater risk of water quality impairments (e.g. nutrient enrichment, filling and siltation, excessive growths of aquatic plants, algal blooms, low dissolved oxygen concentrations, bacteriological contamination, etc.). Much of the secondary beneficial use of reservoirs occurs in embayments (viz. marinas, recreation areas, parks and beaches, residential development, etc.). Typically embayments comprise less than 20 percent of the surface area of a reservoir, but they often receive 50 percent or more of the water-oriented recreational use of the reservoir. This intensive recreational use creates a potential for adverse use impacts if poor water quality and aquatic conditions exist in an embayment.

Meinert, D.L.; Butkus, S.R.; McDonough, T.A.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Manzanita Wind Energy Feasibility Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Manzanita Indian Reservation is located in southeastern San Diego County, California. The Tribe has long recognized that the Reservation has an abundant wind resource that could be commercially utilized to its benefit. Manzanita has explored the wind resource potential on tribal land and developed a business plan by means of this wind energy feasibility project, which enables Manzanita to make informed decisions when considering the benefits and risks of encouraging large-scale wind power development on their lands. Technical consultant to the project has been SeaWest Consulting, LLC, an established wind power consulting company. The technical scope of the project covered the full range of feasibility assessment activities from site selection through completion of a business plan for implementation. The primary objectives of this feasibility study were to: (1) document the quality and suitability of the Manzanita Reservation as a site for installation and long-term operation of a commercially viable utility-scale wind power project; and, (2) develop a comprehensive and financeable business plan.

Trisha Frank

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Gas stimulation studies at LASL  

SciTech Connect

The studies include: (a) Dynamic Rock Response. Hugoniots, dynamic spall strengths, wave profiles on shock and release, and ultrasonic elastic constants have been determined as functions of material density and bedding orientation for Devonian shales. These data form the basis of predictive explosive stimulation technology. (b) Explosively Driven Jets. Weapons-developed shaped charges using heavy metal liners are being investigated for downhole use in order to produce a horizontal manifold system leading to a central borehole. Applications of the paths produced by these devices include intersection of the natural fracture patterns, explosive or chemical emplacement, or producing hydrofractures displaced from the borehole. (c) Laser Pyrolysis. Pulsed laser heating results in a rapid deposition of precise quantities of thermal energy into selected shale volumes. Such laser-induced pyrolysis forms the basis for a rapid assay technique which can be used at the wellhead or as a downhole logging tool. (d) Computer Simulation. A computational technique using a hybrid (analog and digital) computer is being developed with the ultimate objective of simulating proposed extraction technologies to establish optimum economic stimulation methods.

Carter, W.J.; Olinger, B.W.; Vanderborgh, N.E.; Springer, T.E.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

New Mexico renewable development study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since the early 1990s, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has applied electric grid models and simulation software to problems of national significance. This effort continues with a variety of other projects funded by the Department of Energy (DOE), other federal and state agencies and private companies. Critical to the success of these programs is the ability to integrate regional-scale models of the electric grid, to assess the propagation of grid impacts, and to present interactively the effect of potential mitigating actions required to stabilize the grid. All of these capabilities are applied in this study, to accomplish the following goals and objectives: (1) Develop an AC power flow model representing future conditions within New Mexico's electric grid, using commercial tools accepted by the utility industry; (2) Conduct a 'screening' analysis of options for accelerating potential renewable energy development through the addition of a statewide transmission collector system; (3) Estimate total revenue needed, jobs created (temporary and permanent) plus indirect and direct impacts to the state's economy; (4) Evaluate potential cost allocation methodology; and (5) Issue a project report that will provide information for policy direction by state regulators, project developers, and legislators.

Toole, Gasper [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bent, Russell [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewers, Mary [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

346

Photovoltaic concentrator module improvements study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents results of a project to design and fabricate an improved photovoltaic concentrator module. Using previous work as a baseline, this study conducted analyses and testing to select major module components and design features. The lens parquet and concentrator solar cell were selected from the highest performing, available components. A single 185X point-focus module was fabricated by the project team and tested at Sandia. Major module characteristics include a 6 by 4 compression-molded acrylic lens parquet (0.737 m{sup 2} area), twenty-four 0.2 ohms-cm, FZ, p-Si solar cells (1.56 cm{sup 2} area) soldered to ceramic substrates and copper heat spreaders, and an aluminized steel housing with corrugated bottom. This project marked the first attempt to use prismatic covers on solar cells in a high-concentration, point-focus application. Cells with 15 percent metallization were obtained, but problems with the fabrication and placement of prismatic covers on these cells lead to the decision not to use covers in the prototype module. Cell assembly fabrication, module fabrication, and module optical design activities are presented here. Test results are also presented for bare cells, cell assemblies, and module. At operating conditions of 981 watts/m{sup 2} DNI and an estimated cell temperature of 65{degrees}C, the module demonstrated an efficiency of 13.9 percent prior to stressed environmental exposure. 12 refs., 56 figs., 7 tabs.

Levy, S.L.; Kerschen, K.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Hutchison, G. (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Nowlan, M.J. (Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Single Molecule Studies of Chromatin  

SciTech Connect

The DNA in eukaryotic cells is tightly packaged as chromatin through interactions with histone proteins to form nucleosomes. These nucleosomes are themselves packed together through interactions with linker histone and non-histone proteins. In order for processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and transcription to occur, the chromatin fiber must be remodeled such that the necessary enzymes can access the DNA. The structure of the chromatin fiber beyond the level of the single nucleosome and the structural changes which accompany the remodeling process are poorly understood. We are studying the structures and forces behind the remodeling process through the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM). This allows both high-resolution imaging of the chromatin, and manipulation of individual fibers. Pulling a single chromatin fiber apart using the AFM tip yields information on the forces which hold the structure together. We have isolated chromatin fibers from chicken erythrocytes and Chinese hamster ovary cell lines. AFM images of these fibers will be presented, along with preliminary data from the manipulation of these fibers using the AFM tip. The implications of these data for the structure of chromatin undergoing the remodeling process are discussed.

Jeans, C; Colvin, M E; Thelen, M P; Noy, A

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

348

Single Molecule Studies of Chromatin  

SciTech Connect

In eukaryotic cells, DNA is packaged as chromatin, a highly ordered structure formed through the wrapping of the DNA around histone proteins, and further packed through interactions with a number of other proteins. In order for processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and transcription to occur, the structure of chromatin must be remodeled such that the necessary enzymes can access the DNA. A number of remodeling enzymes have been described, but our understanding of the remodeling process is hindered by a lack of knowledge of the fine structure of chromatin, and how this structure is modulated in the living cell. We have carried out single molecule experiments using atomic force microscopy (AFM) to study the packaging arrangements in chromatin from a variety of cell types. Comparison of the structures observed reveals differences which can be explained in terms of the cell type and its transcriptional activity. During the course of this project, sample preparation and AFM techniques were developed and optimized. Several opportunities for follow-up work are outlined which could provide further insight into the dynamic structural rearrangements of chromatin.

Jeans, C; Thelen, M P; Noy, A

2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

349

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hartford Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Hartford Workshop On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive...

350

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop On December 6, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Philadelphia, PA...

351

DOE Manual Studies Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manual Studies Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration DOE Manual Studies Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration January 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - There is considerable...

352

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Oklahoma City Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City Workshop On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City,...

353

Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study Title Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study Publication Type...

354

Coal bed methane reservoir simulation studies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study is to perform simulation studies for a specific coal bed methane reservoir. First, the theory and reservoir engineering aspects of… (more)

Karimi, Kaveh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Renewable Energy Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Case Studies AgencyCompany Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory...

356

LNG Export Study | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Services Natural Gas Regulation LNG Export Study LNG Export Study Petroleum Reserves International...

357

Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policies- Public Meeting Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities...

358

Reformulated gasoline study, executive summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of adopting alternative standards for reformulated gasoline (RFG) in New York State has been studied for the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (the Energy Authority). In addition to Federal RFG (EPA 1) and EPA II, California Air Resources Board RFG (CARB 2) and a modified Federal low sulfur RFG (LS-EPA II) were investigated. The effects of these alternative RFGs on petroleum refinery gasoline production costs, gasoline distribution costs, New York State air quality and the New York State economy were considered. New York has already adopted the California low emission vehicle (LEV) and other emission control programs that will affect vehicles and maintenance. From 1998 to 2012 without the introduction of any type of RFG, these programs are estimated to reduce New York State mobile source summer emissions by 341 tons per day (or 40%) of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and by 292 tons per day (or 28%) of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), and to reduce winter emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) by 3,072 tons per day (or 39%). By 2012, the planned imposition of Federal RFG will produce further reductions (percent of 1998 levels) of 10 %, 4 % and 11%, respectively, for NMHC, NO{sub x} and CO. If New York State goes beyond EPA II and adopts CARB 2 specifications, further reductions achieved in 2012 are estimated to be very small, equaling 2% or less of 1998 levels of NMHC and NO{sub x} emissions, while CO emissions would actually increase by about 2%. When compared to EPA II over the same time frame, LS-EPA II would produce negligible (less than 1%) reductions in each of the above emissions categories.

Cunningham, R.E.; Michalski, G.W. [Turner, Mason & Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Baron, R.E.; Lyons, J.M.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Taiwan: An energy sector study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study on the economy of Taiwan, with special reference to the energy sector, revealed the following: Taiwan's rapid export-driven economic growth in the 1970s and 1980s has earned them the rank of ''Newly Industrialized Countries.'' Coal reserves measure less than 1 billion tons, and annual output has declined to below 2 million tons per year. Marginal amounts of crude are produced. Natural gas resources have been exploited both on- and offshore, through production amounts to little more than 1 billion cubic meters per year. Domestic hydrocarbon production is forecast to decline. Taiwan prssesses an estimated 5300 mW of exploitable hydropower capacity, of which 2564 mW had been installed by 1986. Taiwan has undertaken a massive program of nuclear power construction in response to the rapid rise in oil prices during the 1970s. Energy demand has risen an average of 9.0 percent per year since 1954, while real GNP has grown 8.6 percent per year. Sine 1980, oil has provided a lower share of total energy demand. Oil demand for transport has continued to grow rapidly. Declining production of domestic natural gas has led Taiwan to initiate LNG imports from Indonesia beginning in 1990. Coal has regained some of its earlier importance in Taiwan's energy structure. With declining domestic production, imports now provide nearly 90 percent of total coal demand. Taiwan is basically self-sufficient in refining capacity. Energy demand is expected to grow 5.4 percent per year through the yeat 2000. With declining output of domestic resources, energy dependency on imports will rise from its current 90 percent level. Government policy recognizes this external dependency and has directed it efforts at diversification of suppliers. 18 refs., 11 figs., 40 tabs.

Johnson, T.; Fridley, D.; Kang, Wu

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Study Alternative Fuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Study As directed by the Nevada Legislature, the Legislative Commission (Commission) conducted an interim study in 2011 concerning the production and use of energy in the state. The study included information on the use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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361

WERF MACT Feasibility Study Report  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to determine the technical feasibility of upgrading the Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory to meet the offgas emission limits proposed in the Maximum Achievable Control Technologies (MACT)rule. Four practicable offgas treatment processes were identified, which, if installed, would enable the WERF to meet the anticipated MACT emission limits for dioxins and furans (D/F), hydrochloric acid (HCI), and mercury (Hg). Due to the three-year time restraint for MACT compliance, any technology chosen for the upgrade must be performed within the general plant project funding limit of $5 M. The option selected consists of a partial-quench evaporative cooler with dry sorbent injection for HCI removal followed by a sulfur-impregnated activated carbon bed for Hg control. The planning cost estimate for implementing the option is $4.17 M (with 24% contingency). The total estimated cost includes capital costs, design and construction costs, and project management costs. Capital costs include the purchase of a new offgas evaporative cooler, a dry sorbent injection system with reagent storage, a new fabric filter baghouse, a fixed carbon bed absorber, and two offgas induced draft exhaust fans. It is estimated that 21 months will be required to complete the recommended modification to the WERF. The partial-quench cooler is designed to rapidly cool the offgas exiting the secondary combustion chamber to minimize D/F formation. Dry sorbent injection of an alkali reagent into the offgas is recommended. The alkali reacts with the HCI to form a salt, which is captured with the fly ash in the baghouse. A design HCI removal efficiency of 97.2% allows for the feeding 20 lbs/hr of chlorine to the WERF incinerator. The sorbent feed rate can be adjusted to achieve the desired HCI removal efficiency. A fixed bed of sulfur-impregnated carbon was conservatively sized for a total Hg removal capacity when feeding 10 g/hr Hg to the WERF incinerator. An added benefit for using carbon adsorption is that the activated carbon will also capture a large fraction of any residual D/F present in the offgas.

B. Bonnema; D. Moser; J. Riedesel; K. Kooda; K. Liekhus; K. Rebish; S. Poling

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

NWCC Transmission Case Study III  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Carbon Nanomaterials II & Computational Studies on Nanomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2014 Functional Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications: Carbon Nanomaterials II & Computational Studies on Nanomaterials Sponsored by: ...

364

Institute of Transportation Studies Portland State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Transportation Studies Portland State University November 2007 Transit's Dirty Little Director, UCLA Institute of Transportation Studies #12;Institute of Transportation Studies Transit of Transportation Studies Fewer than 40 trips per capita since 1965 Trend in Transit Ridership Per Capita 1900

Bertini, Robert L.

365

Transportation Technologies Studies - Nuclear Engineering Division...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities > Computer Facilities > Advanced Computation & Visualization > Transportation Technologies Studies Computer Facilities Overview Advanced Computation & Visualization...

366

Modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel and the consequent energy impacts. [Intercity travel under 500 miles  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to evaluate the impacts of strategies to effect modal shifts in short-haul passenger travel (defined herein as intercity travel under 500 miles) from energy-intensive modes to those modes that are less energy-intensive. A series of individual strategies, ranging from incentives to the less energy-intensive modes (bus, rail) to penalties to the more energy-intensive modes (auto, air) was examined to determine energy saved and policy implications relative to strategy implementation. The most effective of the individual strategies were then combined in all permutations, and the analysis was repeated. As part of the analytical process, effects of factors other than energy (user cost and time, emissions, government subsidy, and travel fatailities) were examined in a benefit/cost analysis. Finally, energy savings, benefit/cost impacts, implementation considerations, and policy implications were evaluated to arrive at conclusions as to the effectiveness of the more-influential strategies and to the overall effectiveness of induced modal shifts. The principal conclusion of the study is that the maximum 1980 energy saving that might be realized by modal shifts, discounting the concurrent effects of demand suppression and improvement of mode efficiency, is approximately 83 x 10/sup 12/ Btu (46,500 bbl gasoline per day), 3.8% of the total projected 1980 energy consumption in the short-haul transportation sector and 0.23% of the total US petroleum use. It was also concluded that strategies to achieve these small savings by modal shifts would result in significant economic, social, and business disruptions.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Control Group Variation in the Janus Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control Group Variation in the Janus Studies Control Group Variation in the Janus Studies Benjamin Haley Northwestern University Abstract Data from historical radiobiological mega-studies is being migrated online to enable open access to the results of these studies. The availability of these large data sets offers the possibility of merging the results of multiple studies for meta-analysis. However, researchers must overcome several hurdles in order to analyze data from disparate radiobiology studies. Variations in animal treatment, autopsy methods, and nomenclature must be accounted for before developing new conclusions from merged studies. This work focuses on differences in animal treatment between studies in the Janus radiobiology experiments. The Janus Studies data sets include coded necropsy results for more than 40,000 mice divided between 12 studies. We

368

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Biofuel Study to State Biofuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Biofuel Study The Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (Department) conducted a study on the conditions and policies needed to expand biofuel production in Hawaii with the goal of displacing a

369

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Case Studies to Case Studies to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Case Studies on AddThis.com... Case Studies Find case studies and success stories about alternative transportation technologies and alternative fuels. A Chevy Volt sedan is plugged into a charging station in a parking area outside the City of Fort Collins fleet facility. Fort Collins: A Multi-Fuel Approach to Sustainable Fleet Operations A diversity of fuels and technologies offers flexibility in reaching energy

370

PowerPoint Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Monitoring Market Monitoring Tools Bernie Lesieutre - LBNL Bob Thomas - Cornell October 18, 2006 Washington, D.C. OE Visualization and Controls Peer Review Market Monitoring Tools: Overview Approach: Use dispatch, profit, revenue/offer price, withholding sensitivities to identify opportunities for local advantage that give some participants market power potential. 2006 Technical Work: Extend prior results to large, RTO-scale systems. Initiate large-scale analysis with RTO (PJM). Evaluate reactive power effects on energy markets. Publication and presentation of results. Market Power: Substitutability Market power boils down to the issue of substitutability Locational Advantage: "Load Pockets" Physical network constraints limit supply to certain loads, so that the incremental demand

371

Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12;Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12;Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12;Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12;Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12;Study for a semester in Indonesia with ACICIS #12

372

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools & Resources Tools & Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on AddThis.com... Case Studies Resource Directory Webcasts Workshops Grants Administration Case Studies Find out more about how energy efficiency upgrade programs across the United States are using innovative financing mechanisms, high-demand

373

National Security Studies Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Security Studies Program National Security Studies Program National Security Studies Program Objective The National Security Studies Program (NSSP) is designed to prepare future leaders of civilian agencies for high-level policy, command, and staff responsibilities. The NSSP focuses on international environments and commercial partnerships. All students successfully completing the program are awarded a Master's degree. The program does not involve a promotion or a change in position. Benefits to the Organization The program prepares federal civilian employees for high-level policy, command, and staff responsibilities. Participants will gain valuable experience in leadership, information strategy, national security studies, military strategy, logistics, economics, industry studies, and more. The

374

Review: Teaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canada G1V 0A6 Electronic Green Journal, Issue 35, Earth DayTeaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies GregTeaching Ecocriticism and Green Cultural Studies. London:

Laberge, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

NETL Statement on Reported Fracking Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Statement on Reported Fracking Study July 19, 2013, 12:15 p.m. NETL has been conducting a study to monitor for any signs of groundwater contamination as a result of hydraulic...

376

Electromagnetic studies of nuclear structure and reactions  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers on the following topics: giant resonance studies; deep inelastic scattering studies; high resolution nuclear structure work; and relativistic RPA; and field theory in the Schroedinger Representation.

Hersman, F.W.; Dawson, J.F.; Heisenberg, J.H.; Calarco, J.R.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

NORMAL EMISSION PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION STUDIES AT SSRL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DIFFRACTION STUDIES AT SSRL S. D. Kevan June 1980 TWO-WEEKDIFFRACTION STUDIES AT SSRL S.D. Kevan Materials andOur group has worked at SSRL using the normal emission

Kevan, S.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Empirical Study of Ramp Metering and Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Study of Ramp Metering and Capacity Michael J.EMPIRICAL STUDY OF RAMP METERING AND CAPACITY June 7, 2002Thus, the benefits of metering inflows at this on-ramp seem

Cassidy, Michael J.; Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Value Study Desk Manual | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value Desk Manual Value Study Desk Manual More Documents & Publications Cost Study Manual Audit Report: OAS-FS-12-05 DOE Response to 2012 EAC Recommendations - February 2013...

380

The Doe Water Cycle Pilot Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Department of Energy (DOE) multilaboratory Water Cycle Pilot Study (WCPS) investigated components of the local water budget at the Walnut River watershed in Kansas to study the relative importance of various processes and to determine the ...

N. L. Miller; A. W. King; M. A. Miller; E. P. Springer; M. L. Wesely; K. E. Bashford; M. E. Conrad; K. Costigan; P. N. Foster; H. K. Gibbs; J. Jin; J. Klazura; B. M. Lesht; M. V. Machavaram; F. Pan; J. Song; D. Troyan; R. A. Washington-Allen

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Canopy Horizontal Array Turbulence Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canopy Horizontal Array Turbulence Study (CHATS) took place in spring 2007 and is the third in the series of Horizontal Array Turbulence Study (HATS) experiments. The HATS experiments have been instrumental in testing and developing subfilterscale (...

Edward G. Patton; Thomas W. Horst; Peter P. Sullivan; Donald H. Lenschow; Steven P. Oncley; William O. J. Brown; Sean P. Burns; Alex B. Guenther; Andreas Held; Thomas Karl; Shane D. Mayor; Luciana V. Rizzo; Scott M. Spuler; Jielun Sun; Andrew A. Turnipseed; Eugene J. Allwine; Steven L. Edburg; Brian K. Lamb; Roni Avissar; Ronald J. Calhoun; Jan Kleissl; William J. Massman; Kyaw Tha Paw U; Jeffrey C. Weil

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The DOE Water Cycle Pilot Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The DOE Water Cycle Pilot Study N.L. Miller 1 *, A.W. KingCycle Research Strategy, DOE SC-0043, Office of BiologicalLBNL Report LBNL-53826. The DOE Water Cycle Pilot Study is

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A Historical Review of Cumulus Entrainment Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of the history of studies on cumulus entrainment with the emphasis on the most recent developments is presented.

Gerhard W. Reuter

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A Study of the Fundamental Relationships between ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. A Study of the Fundamental Relationships between Deformation- Induced Surface Roughness and Strain Localization in AA5754 ...

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

385

Study of Proposed Internet Congestion Control Algorithms*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Algorithms* Kevin L. Mills, NIST (joint ... Page 2. Study of Proposed Internet Congestion Control Algorithms – Mills et al. Innovations ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Department of Veterans Affairs - Cooperative Studies Program ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Department of Veterans Affairs - Cooperative Studies Program Clinical Research Pharmacy Coordinating Center (PDF version of this profile). ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

387

Virtual Reality for Manufacturing Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual Reality for Manufacturing - Case Studies. Sandy Ressler National Institute of Standards and Technology sressler@nist.gov. ...

388

Study of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-17 June, University of Osnabruck, Germany. 9. Simonite, T., 2005, Anti-terror study tracks gas dispersalStudy of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments Razvan Corneliu Carbunescu Center head: Study of pollutant dispersion in urban environments #12;Abstract Computational simulations can

Allen, Gabrielle

389

Nuclear structure studies with intermediate energy probes  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear structure studies with pions are reviewed. Results from a recent study of 1 p-shell nuclei using (e,e{prime}), ({pi}, {pi}{prime}), and ({gamma},{pi}) reactions are reported. Future nuclear structure studies with GeV electrons at CEBAF are also briefly discussed.

Lee, T.S.H.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Academic Program: Undergraduate Studies General Education Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the skills necessary to do work at the university level. General #12;Academic Program: Undergraduate StudiesAcademic Program: Undergraduate Studies General Education Program Page 1 of 12 Governance & Policies Effective: June 2008 Academic Program: Undergraduate Studies GENERAL EDUCATION PROGRAM Approved

Hardy, Christopher R.

391

Coal Study Guide - High School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Guide - High School Coal Study Guide - High School Coal Study Guide - High School More Documents & Publications Coal Study Guide - Middle School Coal Study Guide for...

392

LBNL International Energy Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Studies Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: International Energy Studies Name International Energy Studies Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset Website http://ies.lbl.gov References IES Homepage[1] Abstract The International Energy Studies (IES) Group has been active for more than 25 years and is composed of scientists active on the world forum in the areas of energy, forestry, and climate research. Recently LBNL and UC Berkeley also initiated a new program on India the Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and Environment (BIJLEE).

393

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL Developing Countries Studies LBNL Developing Countries Studies (Redirected from Developing Countries Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate

394

US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Government Sector Energy, Land Website http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ Program Start 1993 References US Country Studies Program[1] From: http://www.gcrio.org/CSP/ap.html The U.S. Country Studies Program provides financial and technical assistance to developing and transition countries for climate change studies. The program was announced by the President prior to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Brazil in 1992. The first round of two-year studies began in October 1993, and a second round followed in October 1994. Fifty-six countries on five continents currently participate in the program. Regional and sectoral

395

Solar market studies: review and comment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes and comments on relevant solar energy market surveys and related studies to provide a basis for determining areas requiring additional research and possible policies and actions to aid in rapid adoption of solar technologies. Thirty-two studies are discussed. The first 19 studies directly assess the market for residential use of solar domestic hot water, space, and pool heating. Studies 20 and 21 inspect energy conservation surveys. Studies 22 and 23 examine the financial incentives and financial institutions in the expanding solar market. Study 24 considers energy and low-income people. Studies 25 and 26 assess market sizes for photovoltaic systems and wind machines. Studies 27 to 30 are not surveys per se, but represent secondary source and modeling efforts to gain understanding of the solar marketplace. Studies 31 and 32 present the Canadian perspective on the market feasibility of solar energy systems. Many of the studies contained flaws of concept and/or method to a degree that would bring into question the credibility of individual findings but, taken as an aggregrate, they provide a useful compendium of opinion about present and potential solar energy users.

Vories, R; Strong, H

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Clear Skies A Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study of Longwave Radiation Codes for Climate Studies: Validation with Observations and Tests in General Circulation Models-an Update R. G. Ellingson and F. Baer Department of...

397

Control Group Variation in the Janus Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group Variation in the Janus Studies Group Variation in the Janus Studies Benjamin Haley 1 , William Liu 1 , Mary J. Kwasny 2 , Tatjana Paunesku 1 , Gayle Woloschak 1 1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 2. Department of Preventative Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611 Data from historical radiobiological mega-studies is being migrated online to enable open access to the results of these studies. The availability of these large data sets offers the possibility of merging the results of multiple studies for meta-analysis. However, researchers must overcome several hurdles in order to analyze data from disparate radiobiology studies. Variations in animal treatment, autopsy methods, and nomenclature must be accounted for before developing

398

LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Studies Countries Studies Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Name Developing Countries Studies at LBNL Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics GHG inventory, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools, Presentation Website http://ies.lbl.gov/node/251 References Lawrence Berkeley [1] Abstract LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. LBNL's International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change. Developed international energy use data and emissions scenarios for

399

LNG Export Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LNG Export Study LNG Export Study LNG Export Study As part of a broader effort to further inform decisions related to LNG exports, the Department of Energy commissioned NERA Economic Consulting to conduct a third party study in order to gain a better understanding of how U.S. LNG exports could affect the public interest, with an emphasis on the energy and manufacturing sectors. The Department is releasing that study and making it available for public review and comment. As this is not a Department of Energy product, the Department will be conducting its own review of the study as well as consideration of relevant comments made throughout the process prior to making final determinations. Federal law generally requires approval of natural gas exports to countries that have a free trade agreement with the United States. For countries that

400

LBNL International Energy Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LBNL International Energy Studies LBNL International Energy Studies (Redirected from International Energy Studies) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: International Energy Studies Name International Energy Studies Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Dataset Website http://ies.lbl.gov References IES Homepage[1] Abstract The International Energy Studies (IES) Group has been active for more than 25 years and is composed of scientists active on the world forum in the areas of energy, forestry, and climate research. Recently LBNL and UC Berkeley also initiated a new program on India the Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and Environment (BIJLEE).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fundamental Studies in Syngas Premixed Combustion Dynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Studies in Syngas Premixed Combustion Dynamics Ahmed F. Ghoniem, Anuradha M. Annaswamy, Raymond L. Speth, H. Murat Altay Massachusetts Institute of Technology SCIES Project 05-01-SR121 Project Awarded (08/01/2005, 36 Month Duration) Needs & Objectives Gas Turbine Needs Flexibility to operate with variable syngas compositions Ensure stable operation over a wide range of conditions Reduce emissions of CO and NO x Project Objectives Study experimentally lean premixed syngas combustion

402

Hanford personnel dosimeter supporting studies FY-1981  

SciTech Connect

This report examined specific functional components of the routine external personnel dosimeter program at Hanford. Components studied included: dosimeter readout; dosimeter calibration; dosimeter field response; dose calibration algorithm; dosimeter design; and TLD chip acceptance procedures. Additional information is also presented regarding the dosimeter response to light- and medium-filtered x-rays, high energy photons and neutrons. This study was conducted to clarify certain data obtained during the FY-1980 studies.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preparation of the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study COMMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED EDISION COMPANY OF NEW YORK. INC. AND ORANGE AND ROCKLAND UTILITIES, INC....

404

Yearlong MAGIC climate study launches [EVS News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yearlong MAGIC climate study launches October 1, 2012 A Horizon Lines container ship outfitted with meteorological and atmospheric instruments installed by U.S. Department of...

405

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC Scientists Study...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Housing Transportation News Feature Archive SLAC Scientists Study How Nature Cleans Uranium from Colorado Aquifer By Lori Ann White January 10, 2012 Rifle, Colorado, is a small...

406

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. It was initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% energy penetration of wind, photovoltaics (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) on the power system operated by the WestConnect group of utilities in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming (see study area map). WestConnect also includes utilities in California, but these were not included because California had already completed a renewable energy integration study for the state. This study was set up to answer questions that utilities, public utilities commissions, developers, and regional planning organizations had about renewable energy use in the west: (1) Does geographic diversity of renewable energy resource help mitigate variability; (2) How do local resources compare to out-of-state resources; (3) Can balancing area cooperation help mitigate variability; (4) What is the role and value of energy storage; (5) Should reserve requirements be modified; (6) What is the benefit of forecasting; and (7) How can hydropower help with integration of renewables? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and run by NREL with WestConnect as a partner organization. The study follows DOE's 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, which did not find any technical barriers to reaching 20% wind energy in the continental United States by 2030. This study and its partner study, the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, performed a more in-depth operating impact analysis to see if 20% wind energy was feasible from an operational level. In DOE/NREL's analysis, the 20% wind energy target required 25% wind energy in the western interconnection; therefore, this study considered 20% and 30% wind energy to bracket the DOE analysis. Additionally, since solar is rapidly growing in the west, 5% solar was also considered in this study. The goal of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is to understand the costs and operating impacts due to the variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. This is mainly an operations study, (rather than a transmission study), although different scenarios model different transmission build-outs to deliver power. Using a detailed power system production simulation model, the study identifies operational impacts and challenges of wind energy penetration up to 30% of annual electricity consumption.

Lew, D.; Piwko, R.; Jordan, G.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Freeman, L.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center - Flow Studies ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2008 ... This 2004 circular presents the results of flow studies for recycling of 26 metal commodities, including chromium, magnesium, niobium, ...

408

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE THERMAL RADIATION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... developed for radiation ignition studies and was not adjusted from its normal settings which approximates to the radiation from a black body at 900 ...

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

409

NIST Budget, Planning and Economic Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Budget, Planning and Economic Studies. ... Table providing the NIST budget summary for FY 2012 - FY 2014. FY 2013. ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Pilot Study R&D Task  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Pilot Study R&D Task. EDT – a complex of four tasks: 1) Detection of Entities – limited to five types: PER ORG GPE ...

411

Credible Research Designs for Minimum Wage Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Credible Research Designs for Minimum Wage Studies SylviaWe assess alternative research designs for minimum wageAllegretto: Institute for Research on Labor and Employment,

Allegretto, Sylvia; Dube, Arindrajit; Reich, Michael; Zipperer, Ben

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Numerical study of thermal decomposition and pressure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [6] A. Atreya, Pyrolysis, ignition and flame ... [10] MG Gronli, A theoretical and experimental study on the thermal degradation of biomass, Ph.D. thesis ...

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

News: 'Social networking' study shows cybercrime risk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results have been published of the first 'social networking' study, examining the link between specific online behaviour and the potential for becoming a victim of cyber-crime.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Coreflood experimental study of steam displacement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this study was to verify experimentally whether or not a Buckley-Leverett shock front exists when steam displaces oil in a porous… (more)

Cerutti, Andres Enrique

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Purchasing and procurement case studies | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purchase energy-saving products Purchasing and procurement case studies Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers...

416

2011 Next Generation Manufacturing Study 2011 Next ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... well: 28% of manufacturers reported they were ... The NGM Study manufacturers report annual revenues ... 0.7% 0.5% Petroleum and Coal Products Mfg ...

417

Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office EETD Safety Program Development Contact Us Department Contacts Media Contacts Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies Title Building Energy Information...

418

Study Guides and Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

carbon sequestration). Natural Gas Study Guide: Discusses natural gas drilling, uses, storage and delivery, and future sources of natural gas including methane hydrates and...

419

Landmark Dining Case Study Packet 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is composed of documents used to train Baldrige Examiners ... Study, is designed as a training tool to ... Acrobat icon below and download the program. ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

420

Novel experimental studies for coal liquefaction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two studies related to coal liquefaction were carried out. The major effort in study was to investigate experimentally a novel reaction sequence for conversion of synthesis gas to methanol. The reaction studied in this work takes place in the liquid phase and consists of two reactions occurring in series. In the first, methanol is carbonylated to methyl formate using a homogeneous catalyst and then the formate is hydrogenated to two molecules of methanol using a heterogeneous catalyst. The reactions were studied individually and then concurrently (both reactions taking place in the same slurry reactor). A modeling study of the non-isothermal unsteady state Fischer-Tropsch reaction was carried out. In the second study the use of supercritical water for extraction and conversion of coal and oil shale was investigated. The two primary goals were to study the kinetics and mass transfer differences between conventional and supercritical liquefaction. The kinetic effects were studied by liquefying coal in supercritical toluene. Mass transfer studies were carried out on a model system consisting of naphthalene and supercritical carbon dioxide. 64 refs.

Holder, G.D.; Tierney, J.W.

1989-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mechanical Reliability Study on Porous Brittle Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Mechanical Reliability Study on Porous Brittle Materials. Author(s), Xiaofeng Fan, Eldon D Case, Fei Ren, Yutian Shu, Melissa J Baumann .

422

Compositional Study of Neutron Detecting Glasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current study involves the production and characterization of glass with high concentrations of Gd2O3 in various oxide glass formers, and containing one of ...

423

Bay Area Simulation and Ramp Metering Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and testing new ramp metering strategies, ranging fromArea Simulation and Ramp Metering Study – Initial Projectfor Evaluating Ramp Metering Algorithm”, University of

Gardes, Yonnel; May, Adolf D.; Dahlgren, Joy; Skarbardonis, Alex

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Neutrino Factory Physics Study: Two Day Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two-Day Meeting The Fermilab Directorate has requested a 6 month study to assess the physics capabilities of neutrino factories as a function of their energies, intensities,...

425

Audit Report: IG-0470 | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Audit Report: IG-0470 May 11, 2000 Follow-up Audit of Health Benefit Costs at the Department's Management and Operating Contractors In Calendar Year (CY) 1998, the Department of Energy (Department) spent about $480 million to provide health benefits for employees of its contractors. In 1994, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) evaluated the system in place at that time to determine if contractor employee health benefit costs were reasonable. In our June 1994 report, DOE/IG-0350, Audit of Health Benefit Costs at the Department's Management and Operating Contractors, we reported that the Department paid more than its fair share of management and operating contractors' employee health benefit costs. We recommended that the Department (1) publish quantitative measurement

426

Double Bottom Line Project Report:Assessing Social Impact In Double Bottom Line Ventures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tract and zip code analysis Quality Jobs Sample Metric: PayAnalysis benefit cost analysis of job corps summary of davidand costs of the job corps. ” journal of policy analysis and

Rosenzweig, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Institutional perspectives on road pricing : essays on implementation, response, and adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Road pricing involves charging road users a fee for the external social costs of using private vehicles. These costs typically remain unaccounted for in routine road transport operations and benefit-cost analyses. They ...

Mahendra, Anjali, 1977-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

WANT TO STUDY AND WORK IN Now you can with the Work Study Program!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WANT TO STUDY AND WORK IN GERMANY? Now you can with the Work Study Program! Werkstudentenprogramm in the Work Study Program include: Opportunity to broaden German language skills and develop a strong.cautg.org/wsp Eligible Canadian Summer School in Germany (CSSG) students may apply to participate in the Work Study

Peak, Derek

429

California American Studies Association Annual Meeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California American Studies Association Annual Meeting May 6-7, 2011 California State University, Fullerton CALIFORNIA IN THE WORLD, THE WORLD IN CALIFORNIA --New entry to The Oxford English Dictionary, added March 2011 #12;2 California American Studies Association 2011 Annual Meeting Schedule At

de Lijser, Peter

430

California American Studies Association Annual Meeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California American Studies Association Annual Meeting April 20-21, 2012 Claremont Colleges and Print Culture Broad Hall 214 10:30-12:15 Memory and Performance in California Fletcher 104 Exploring Broad Hall 207 #12;3 California American Studies Association 2012 Annual Meeting Pitzer College

de Lijser, Peter

431

Studying the implementation of public programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes and critically assesses approaches that have been employed to study the implementation of public programs. Implementation is defined as the process by which new policies and/or practices are installed in organizations. The report was produced because of the increased interest among researchers and policy makers alike in the linkages between policy and outcome. The study of implementation has barely begun, and it was recognized that methodological issues of a particularly complex nature arise because of certain unique characteristics of the implementation processes: (1) they involve a series of decisions that occur over a long period of time, with no clear beginning or end points; (2) their outcomes have direct or indirect implications that are too complex for single-factor theories; (3) they involve a large number of participants; and (4) they involve situations that are rather unique in terms of agency context, historical moment in time, and other key elements. The approach employed in the report was to examine the methods that have been used in a number of exemplary studies of implementation. These studies are commonly cited in publications and informally in research circles. Descriptive material from each study was used to address three questions: (1) How is evidence collected in studies of implementation; (2) How is evidence analyzed; (3) What are the reasons for believing the conclusions from such studies. The report concludes with recomendations for the conduct of future studies of implementation.

Yin, R.K.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A study of electrolytic tritium production  

SciTech Connect

Tritium production is being investigated using cathodes made from palladium and its alloys with various surface treatments. Three anode materials have been studied as well as different impurities in the electrolyte. Tritium has been produced in about 10% of the cells studied but there is, as yet, no pattern of behavior that would make the effect predictable. 15 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

Storms, E.K.; Talcott, C.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Feasibility Study for Commercial Production of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Meal · Biodiesel Plant site Requirements · Constraints for Biodiesel Plant · Economic · Environmental Growth 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 Years Canyon Elmore Payette Gem Owyhee Ada Washington Courtesy Idaho Power Data #12;6 Study Area · The study

Kyte, Michael

434

Sault Tribe Wind Energy Feasibility Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Sault Tribe conducted a feasibility study on tribal lands in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to determine the technical and economic feasibility of both small and large-scale wind power development on tribal lands. The study included a wind resource assessment, transmission system analysis, engineering and regulatory analyzes and assessments.

Toni Osterhout; Global Energy Concepts

2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

435

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors Maria Mañosas Ritort lab UB Barcelona Croquette-Bensimon lab ENS France #12;· Introduction to MT (magnetic tweezers) · Applications: 1. Tracking DNA motors: (i) Helicases (ii) Annealing motor 2. Studying a multiprotein system: DNA replication Outline #12;· Atomic force

Ritort, Felix

436

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study: Hawai`i Biofuel Projects Prepared 12.1 Deliverable Bioenergy Analyses Prepared by Hawai`i Biofuel Foundation And NCSI Americas Inc agency thereof. #12;1 RSB Certification Readiness Study: Hawaii Biofuel Projects Prepared For Hawaii

437

Blanket comparison and selection study. Volume II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume contains extensive data for the following chapters: (1) solid breeder tritium recovery, (2) solid breeder blanket designs, (3) alternate blanket concept screening, and (4) safety analysis. The following appendices are also included: (1) blanket design guidelines, (2) power conversion systems, (3) helium-cooled, vanadium alloy structure blanket design, (4) high wall loading study, and (5) molten salt safety studies. (MOW)

Not Available

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

HYPOGEN PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDY Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The report covers the co-production of hydrogen and electricity from fossil fuels and the capture and storage of European industry. Furthermore, it seems likely that off-the-shelf fossil fuel generating plants Studies (IPTS) commissioned this study on the HYPOGEN (HYdrogen POwer GENeration) concept, to its ESTO

439

1995 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study establishes the planning basis for supplying electricity to customers. The study presents projections of regional and Federal system load and resource capabilities, and serves as a benchmark for annual BPA determinations made pursuant to the 1981 regional power sales contracts.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A cask maintenance facility feasibility study  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing a transportation system for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and defense high level waste (HLW) as a part of the Federal Waste Management System (FWMS). In early 1988, a feasibility study was undertaken to design a stand-alone, ''green field'' facility for maintaining the FWMS casks. The feasibility study provided an initial layout facility design, an estimate of the construction cost, and an acquisition schedule for a Cask Maintenance Facility (CMF). The study also helped to define the interfaces between the transportation system and the waste generators, the repository, and a Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility. The data, design, and estimated costs resulting from the study have been organized for use in the total transportation system decision-making process. Most importantly, the feasibility study also provides a foundation for continuing design and planning efforts. Fleet servicing facility studies, operational studies from current cask system operators, a definition of the CMF system requirements, and the experience of others in the radioactive waste transportation field were used as a basis for the feasibility study. In addition, several cask handling facilities were visited to observe and discuss cask operations to establish the functions and methods of cask maintenance expected to be used in the facility. Finally, a peer review meeting was held at Oak Ridge, Tennessee in August, 1988, in which the assumptions, design, layout, and functions of the CMF were significantly refined. Attendees included representatives from industry, the repository and transportation operations.

Rennich, M.J.; Medley, L.G.; Attaway, C.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sustainable Building Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Sustainable Building Case Studies October 4, 2013 - 4:58pm Addthis These case studies feature examples of sustainably designed buildings and facilities from Federal agencies and industry. High Performance Federal Buildings Database The High Performance Federal Buildings database presents a sampling of sustainable buildings projects in the Federal Government. This database taps into the existing U.S. Department of Energy High Performance Buildings database, showcasing only Federal case study examples. Third-Party Certification ENERGY STAR for Federal Agencies: A site that provides access to the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, the Federal High Performance Sustainable Buildings Checklist, and ENERGY STAR qualified products, and much more. Green Globes: A Web-based program from the Green Building Initiative for

442

Study Guides and Activities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Education » Study Guides and Activities Education » Study Guides and Activities Study Guides and Activities A Toolkit for Teachers and Parents Thank you for considering fossil energy education in your classroom curriculum. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy is excited to present printable study guides and activities emphasizing the importance of coal, natural gas, and petroleum to our everyday lives. More importantly, we hope to familiarize students with the science and technologies that make using fossil fuels cleaner. We hope you find our information useful. If you have any comments or suggestions regarding our educational materials, please contact us. Elementary School Coal Study Guide: Focuses on the basics of coal, history of coal use, conversion of coal into electricity, and climate change concerns.

443

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Renewable Energy Feasibility Study October 16, 2013 - 4:48pm Addthis After a Federal agency has identified probable technologies through the screening process, a detailed review of the feasibility and economic viability of each renewable energy technology, also called a renewable energy feasibility study, can determine which combination of renewable energy technologies most effectively meet the energy requirements and goals. When integrating renewable energy into a new construction project or major renovation, this level of renewable energy assessment will typically be commissioned by the design team and should be completed during to the schematic design phase. While a screening looks at the viability of each type of renewable energy, a feasibility study gets into details used to

444

NETL: Emissions Characterization - CMU Emissions Characterization Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Source Emissions Characterization Study Source Emissions Characterization Study The emissions characterization study is being performed in conjunction with the Pittsburgh Air Quality Study [PDF-744KB], a larger effort that includes ambient measurements and atmospheric modeling of the Pittsburgh region. The main objectives of this portion of the study are: To achieve advanced characterization of the PM in the Pittsburgh region. Measurements include the PM size, surface, volume, and mass distribution; chemical composition as a function of size and on a single particle basis; temporal and spatial variability. To obtain accurate current fingerprints of the major primary PM sources in the Pittsburgh region using traditional filter-based sampling and state-of-the-art techniques such as dilution sampling and single particle analysis using mass spectroscopy and LIBS.

445

Overview of Light-Duty Vehicle Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview of Light-Duty Vehicle Studies Overview of Light-Duty Vehicle Studies Washington, DC Workshop Sponsored by EERE Transportation Cluster July 26, 2010 Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov 2 * This workshop is intended to be a working meeting for analysts to discuss findings and assumptions because a number of key studies on light-duty vehicles (LDVs) and biofuels have been completed in the past 5 years and the insight gained from their findings would be valuable. * Outcomes: - common understanding of the effects of differing assumptions (today); - agreement on standard assumptions for future studies, where applicable (agreement on some assumptions today, follow-up discussions/meeting may be needed for others); - list of data/information gaps and needed research and studies (a

446

FCPower Case Study Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » FCPower Case Study Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FCPower Case Study Data Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Partner: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Hydrogen Topics: Finance Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.hydrogen.energy.gov/cf/fc_power_analysis_model_data.cfm RelatedTo: Fuel Cell Power (FCPower) Model FCPower Case Study Data Screenshot References: Fuel Cell Power Model Case Study Data[1]

447

Sustainable Building Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Sustainable Building Case Studies October 4, 2013 - 4:58pm Addthis These case studies feature examples of sustainably designed buildings and facilities from Federal agencies and industry. High Performance Federal Buildings Database The High Performance Federal Buildings database presents a sampling of sustainable buildings projects in the Federal Government. This database taps into the existing U.S. Department of Energy High Performance Buildings database, showcasing only Federal case study examples. Third-Party Certification ENERGY STAR for Federal Agencies: A site that provides access to the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, the Federal High Performance Sustainable Buildings Checklist, and ENERGY STAR qualified products, and much more. Green Globes: A Web-based program from the Green Building Initiative for

448

1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1994 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study presented herein establishes a picture of how the agency is positioned today in its loads and resources balance. It is a snapshot of expected resource operation, contractual obligations, and rights. This study does not attempt to present or analyze future conservation or generation resource scenarios. What it does provide are base case assumptions from which scenarios encompassing a wide range of uncertainties about BPA`s future may be evaluated. The Loads and Resources Study is presented in two documents: (1) this summary of Federal system and Pacific Northwest region loads and resources and (2) a technical appendix detailing the loads and resources for each major Pacific Northwest generating utility. This analysis updates the 1993 Pacific Northwest Loads and Resources Study, published in December 1993. In this loads and resources study, resource availability is compared with a range of forecasted electricity consumption. The Federal system and regional analyses for medium load forecast are presented.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Methane Hydrate Field Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Studies Field Studies Methane Hydrate Field Studies Arctic/Alaska North Slope Field Studies Since 2001, DOE has conducted field trials of exploration and production technology in the Alaska North Slope. Although Alaska methane hydrate resources are smaller than marine deposits and currently lack outlets to commercial markets, Alaska provides an excellent laboratory to study E&P technology. The research also has implications for various Alaska resources, including potential gas hydrate resources for local communities, conventional "stranded" gas, as well as Alaska's large unconventional oil resources. The hydrate deposits have been delineated in the process of developing underlying oil fields, and drilling costs are much lower than offshore. DOE-BP Project

450

Water and energy studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water and energy studies Water and energy studies Jump to: navigation, search This page tracks studies, reports and analyses of the Energy-Water Nexus. When adding a study, report or publication to this list, please observe the following guidelines: It should substantively address some aspect of the energy-water nexus. It should be publicly accessible online, and/or be published in a refereed technical journal. Please include a link to a publicly accessible URL where the study, report or publication can be downloaded. Please also include a brief set of keywords summarizing the topic area. Topic area definitions "Water intensity of electricity generation" relates to the amount of water withdrawn and/or consumed in the generation of electricity (generally thermal power plants, but also including other electricity-generation

451

Coal Study Guide - Middle School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Middle School Coal Study Guide - Middle School Coal Study Guide - Middle School More Documents & Publications Coal Study Guide for Elementary School Coal Study Guide - High...

452

LNG Export Study - Related Documents | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LNG Export Study - Related Documents LNG Export Study - Related Documents Federal Register Notice of Availability of the LNG Export Study EIA Analysis (Study - Part 1) NERA...

453

Oil Study Guide - Middle School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Guide - Middle School Oil Study Guide - Middle School More Documents & Publications Oil Study Guide - High School How is shale gas produced? Coal Study Guide - Middle School...

454

Natural Gas Study Guide - Middle School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Middle School Natural Gas Study Guide - Middle School More Documents & Publications Oil Study Guide - Middle School Fossil Fuels Study Guide - High School Oil Study Guide - High...

455

Fossil Fuels Study Guide - High School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuels Study Guide - High School Fossil Fuels Study Guide - High School Fossil Fuels Study Guide - High School More Documents & Publications Coal Study Guide for Elementary School...

456

Coal Study Guide for Elementary School | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study Guide: Coal (for Elementary School) More Documents & Publications Coal Study Guide - Middle School Coal Study Guide - High School Fossil Fuels Study Guide - High School...

457

Summary of Utility Studies: Smart Grid Investment Grant Consumer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary of Utility Studies: Smart Grid Investment Grant Consumer Behavior Study Analysis Title Summary of Utility Studies: Smart Grid Investment Grant Consumer Behavior Study...

458

Gasohol: economic feasibility study. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was prepared by Development Planning and Research Associates, Inc. under a contract with the Energy Research and Development Center of the University of Nebraska in cooperation with the Agricultural Products Industrial Utilization Committee and the State of Nebraska. Funding for this study was provided to the Energy Research and Development Center by the U.S. Department of Energy and the Old West Regional Commission. The primary objective of the study was to: determine the fiscal and market conditions under which the production of gasohol would be profitable for private producers. For purposes of this study, gasohol is a motor fuel consisting of 10 percent agriculturally-derived anhydrous ethanol and 90 percent unleaded gasoline. The study assumes that gasohol can be a fuel substitute for gasoline; indeed, the cost of gasoline will significantly influence that for gasohol. Gasoline prices are determined by factors external to ethanol; thus, the economic feasibility study of gasohol is in large part an economic feasibility study of fuel-grade ethanol production. More specifically, the study examined the following: the technical aspects of distributing, marketing, and using gasohol; the costs of the distribution and marketing of ethanol and gasohol; the energy balance of ethanol production; the cost of producing ethanol; the factors influencing ehtanol plant size and location; and the conditions that would make ethanol economicaly feasible for private producers.

David, M. L.; Hammaker, G. S.; Buzenberg, R. J.; Wagner, J. P.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

NETL: Gasification Systems and Industry Analyses Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analyses Studies Analyses Studies Gasification Systems Reference Shelf – Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Table of Contents Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants Studies Gasification Systems Program's Systems and Industry Analyses Studies DOE/NETL possesses strong systems analysis and policy-support capabilities. Systems analysis in support of the Gasification Systems Program consists of conducting various energy analyses that provide input to decisions on issues such as national plans and programs, resource use, environmental and energy security policies, technology options for research and development programs, and paths to deployment of energy technology. Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants Studies The Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Power Plants studies establish up-to-date estimates for the cost and performance of combustion and gasification based power plants as well as options for co-generating synthetic natural gas and fuels, all with and without carbon dioxide capture and storage. Several ranks of coal are being assessed in process configurations that are based on technology that could be constructed today such that the plant could be operational in the 2010 - 2015 timeframe. The analyses were performed on a consistent technical and economic basis that accurately reflects current market conditions.

460

Water Efficiency Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Water Efficiency Case Studies October 8, 2013 - 9:59am Addthis These case studies feature examples of water-efficiency projects implemented by Federal agencies. They are organized by corresponding best management practice (BMP). U.S. Department of Energy Y-12 National Security Complex: BMP 1 - Water Management Planning: A water assessment at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, provided a comprehensive understanding of current water-consuming equipment and applications while identifying key areas for efficiency improvement. U.S. Army Fort Huachuca: BMP 2 - Information and Education programs: The U.S. Army Fort Huachuca contracted the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension to provide comprehensive water and energy conservation awareness

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Globally Gridded Satellite Observations for Climate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary satellites have provided routine, high temporal resolution Earth observations since the 1970s. Despite the long period of record, use of these data in climate studies has been limited for numerous reasons, among them that no central archive ...

Kenneth R. Knapp; Steve Ansari; Caroline L. Bain; Mark A. Bourassa; Michael J. Dickinson; Chris Funk; Chip N. Helms; Christopher C. Hennon; Christopher D. Holmes; George J. Huffman; James P. Kossin; Hai-Tien Lee; Alexander Loew; Gudrun Magnusdottir

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Carbon nanotubes : a study on assembly methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The urgent stipulation is to manufacture CNTs of desired properties and dimensions. The heart of this yearning lies in understanding the growth and assembly methods of CNTs, which are not yet clear. In this study, hence, ...

Quińones, Lisandro E. (Quińones Ortiz)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Storm Studies in the Arctic (STAR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Storm Studies in the Arctic (STAR) network (2007–2010) conducted a major meteorological field project from 10 October–30 November 2007 and in February 2008, focused on southern Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada—a region that experiences intense ...

John Hanesiak; Ronald Stewart; David Barber; George Liu; Justin Gilligan; Danielle Desjardins; Robyn Dyck; Shannon Fargey; Klaus Hochheim; Rebekah Martin; Peter Taylor; Sumita Biswas; Mark Gordon; Marna Albarran Melzer; Kent Moore; Robert Field; Carling Hay; Shunli Zhang; Gordon McBean; Walter Strapp; David Hudak; John Scott; Mengistu Wolde; Ron Goodson; Edward Hudson; Gabrielle Gascon; Heather Greene; William Henson; Alex Laplante

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Case Studies in Urban Energy Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

present a few case studies on urban energy planning for Chinese cities, with the focus on district heating systems. Questions and challenges in urban energy research will be raised...

465

Nebraska Statewide Wind Integration Study: Executive Summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind generation resources in Nebraska will play an increasingly important role in the environmental and energy security solutions for the state and the nation. In this context, the Nebraska Power Association conducted a state-wide wind integration study.

EnerNex Corporation, Knoxville, Tennessee; Ventyx, Atlanta, Georgia; Nebraska Power Association, Lincoln, Nebraska

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Bolster Promise of Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print Tuesday, 27 November 2012 00:00 A few years ago, a strange new material began to drive research in condensed-matter physics around the world. First theorized and then discovered by researchers at Berkeley Lab and their colleagues in other institutions, these "strong 3D topological insulators"-TIs for short-are seemingly mundane semiconductors with startling properties. Not only are they promising materials for energy-conserving electronic applications, they provide a fascinating medium for possibly observing still-theoretical particles that could play a major role in quantum computing. Two angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies recently performed at ALS Beamline 12.0.1 improve the prospects for the practical application of TIs in advanced devices.

467

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Philadelphia Workshop 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Philadelphia Workshop On December 6, 2011, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Philadelphia, PA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The workshop flyer, agenda, presentations, and full transcript are available below. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2012 Eastern Workshops.pdf 12-06-11 Congestion Workshop Agenda - Philadelphia (final).pdf Introduction by David Meyer, DOE.pdf Presentation by Edward Finley, NCUC.pdf Presentation by Betty Ann Kane, DC PSC.pdf Presentation by Robert Bradish, American Electric Power.pdf Presentation by John Buechler, NYISO.pdf Presentation by Jim Busbin, Southern Company.pdf

468

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Economizers; a Field Perspective and Case Studies Speaker(s): David Sellers Date: January 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Liping Wang Economizers are a common HVAC process with the potential to deliver significant energy savings by using outdoor air cooling to offset internal loads. But evidence from the field suggests that their track record is not good in terms of delivering those savings. This talk will provide a field perspective on some of the issues behind the poor track record, frequently illustrated with mini-case studies, and will conclude with a case study of a dysfunctional economizer in a cold environment and how the problem it was having was corrected by applying some of the concepts discussed earlier in the talk

469

A Study for the Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study for the Department of Energy Study for the Department of Energy July 1998 Managing NEPA at the Department of Energy The products of Academy studies represent the views of the participants and not necessarily the Academy as an institution. Officers of the Academy Jonathan Howes, Chairman of the Board Mary Jane England, Vice Chair David S.C. Chu, Treasurer R. Scott Fosler, President Jane G. Pisano, Secretary Project Study Team Lynton D. Caldwell, Chair, Academy Fellow Richard A. Minard, Jr., Project Director Stephen Coye, Senior Research Associate Jennifer Thangavelu, Research Assistant Benita Carr, Administrative Assistant The Center for the Economy and the Environment The Academy's Center for the Economy and the Environment helps institutions at the federal, state, and local level build and sustain stronger economies, healthier ecosystems,

470

Renewable Energy Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy » Renewable Energy Case Studies Energy » Renewable Energy Case Studies Renewable Energy Case Studies October 7, 2013 - 9:46am Addthis Photo of photovoltaic arrays in front of a red mountain with a blue sky backdrop. Federal agencies often turn to photovoltaics for energy, like this National Park Service deployment. These case studies and application briefs feature examples of renewable energy projects at Federal facilities. Transpired Solar Collector at NREL's Waste Handling Facility Uses Solar Energy to Heat Ventilation Air: The transpired solar collector on NREL's Waste handling Facility uses solar thermal technology to reduce electric heating loads. U.S. Army Fort Knox: Using the Earth for Space Heating and Cooling: Overview of the geothermal/ground source heat pump project at the U.S. Army

471

Fundemental Academic Training Study Guide Phase 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide Part 4 of 9 Radiological Control Technician Training Fundamental Academic Training Study Guide Phase I Coordinated and Conducted for the Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide 1.01-ii This page intentionally left blank. DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide 1.01-iii Table of Contents Page Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra........................................................................1.01-1 Module 1.02 Unit Analysis and Conversion...........................................................................1.02-1 Module 1.03 Physical Sciences...............................................................................................1.03-1

472

Maintenance cost studies of present aircraft subsystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes two detailed studies of actual maintenance costs for present transport aircraft. The first part describes maintenance costs for jet transport aircraft broken down into subsystem costs according to an ...

Pearlman, Chaim Herman Shalom

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Scale model studies of displacement ventilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Displacement ventilation is an air conditioning method that provides conditioned air to indoor environments with the goal to improve air quality while reducing energy consumption. This study investigates the performance ...

Okutan, Galip Mehmet

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Publication Price Quantity Total Economic Outlook Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Work in WV 2010 20.00$ $ Other Studies >> The Economic Impact of the Natural Gas Industry and the Marcellus Shale Development in West Virginia in 2009 20.00$ ___________ >> Consensus Coal Production

Mohaghegh, Shahab

475

2003 California Gasoline Price Study (preliminary version)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/O&G/2003-01 2003 California Gasoline Price Study: Preliminary Findings May 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy

476

Using Neutrons to Study Radioactive Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research ... to the unique infrastructure and specialized staff of the Nuclear Laboratory. Shielded cells enable neutron diffraction studies on highly radioactive ...

477

Electricity Generation and Environmental Externalities: Case Studies  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Provides an overview of the economic foundation of externalities, the Federal and State regulatory approaches, and case studies of the impacts of the externality policies adopted by three States.

Information Center

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Experimental Study of Wellbore Instability in Clays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an extensive program of laboratory model wellbore tests that have been performed to study wellbore instability in saturated clays. The tests were conducted on resedimented Boston blue ...

Abdulhadi, Naeem O.

479

The Joint Airport Weather Studies Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project will investigate the microburst event, having 2–10 km spatial and 2–10 min temporal scales, at Denver's Stapleton International Airport during the summer of 1982. JAWS applications and technology ...

John McCarthy; James W. Wilson; T. Theodore Fujita

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Diagnostic Study of Explosive Cyclogenesis during FGGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two rapidly developing extratropical maritime cyclones are studied using the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) level III-b analyses from the First GARP Global Experiment (FGGE). The first cyclone forms over the western ...

Carlyle H. Wash; James E. Peak; Wynn E. Calland; William A. Cook

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rto benefit-cost studies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Studies on the dynamics of limited filaments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study on the dynamics of filaments in the presence of a diagnostic, conductive limiter is presented. Plasma filaments are coherent structures present in many fusion devices and transport a significant amount of particles ...

Bonde, Jeffrey David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Three Affliated Tribes Renewable Energy Feasibility Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Three Affliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Reservation studied the feasibility of a commercial wind facility on land selected and owned by the Tribes and examined the potential for the development of renewable energy resources on Tribal Lands.

Belvin Pete; Kent Good; Krista Gordon; Ed McCarthy,

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

483

Flash code: studying astrophysical thermonuclear flashes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Center for Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes is constructing a new generation of codes designed to study runaway thermonuclear burning on the surface or in the interior of evolved compact stars.

Robert Rosner; Alan Calder; Jonathan Dursi; Bruce Fryxell; Donald Q. Lamb; Jens C. Niemeyer; Kevin Olson; Paul Ricker; Frank X. Timmes; James W. Truran; Henry Tufo; Yuan-Nan Young; Michael Zingale; Ewing Lusk; Rick Stevens

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Microfabrication methods for the study of chemotaxis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed a system for studying chemotaxis in a microfabricated system. The goal was to develop a system capable of generating spatially and temporally stable concentration gradients of a chemotactic molecule while ...

Shur, Maiya, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Studying defects created by irradiating molybdenum crystals ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by irradiating molybdenum crystals July 16, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint In order to study irradiation damage and inert gas bubble formation and growth behaviors, and to provide results...

486

Wind Generation Feasibility Study in Bethel, AK  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report studies the wind resources in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation (YKHC) region, located in southwestern Alaska, and the applicability of wind generation technologies to YKHC facilities.

Tom Humphrey, YKHC; Lance Kincaid, EMCOR Energy & Technologies

2004-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Theoretical foundations for the study of sociomateriality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares two alternative theoretical foundations upon which the study of sociomateriality can be built: agential realism and critical realism. It begins by providing a brief overview of the sociomaterial perspective on organizational practices ...

Paul M. Leonardi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Freezing Rain: An Observational and Theoretical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from a Doppler radar, an instrumented aircraft, and several rawinsonde observations during freezing rain and ice pellet events have been analyzed for this study. From these data, 34 soundings were obtained that characterized the vertical ...

Ryan J. Zerr

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z