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Sample records for rpd-72 beach rattlesnake

  1. Year End Progress Report on Rattlesnake Improvements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yaqi; DeHart, Mark David; Gleicher, Frederick Nathan; Ortensi, Javier; Schunert, Sebastian

    2015-09-01

    Rattlesnake is a MOOSE-based radiation transport application developed at INL to support modern multi-physics simulations. At the beginning of the last year, Rattlesnake has been able to perform steady-state, transient and eigenvalue calculations for the multigroup radiation transport equations. Various discretization schemes, including continuous finite element method (FEM) with discrete ordinates method (SN) and spherical harmonics expansion method (PN) for the self-adjoint angular flux (SAAF) formulation, continuous FEM (CFEM) with SN for the least square (LS) formulation, diffusion approximation with CFEM and discontinuous FEM (DFEM), have been implemented. A separate toolkit, YAKXS, for multigroup cross section management was developed to support Rattlesnake calculations with feedback both from changes in the field variables, such as fuel temperature, coolant density, and etc., and in isotope inventory. The framework for doing nonlinear diffusion acceleration (NDA) within Rattlesnake has been set up and both NDA calculations with SAAF-SN-CFEM scheme and Monte Carlo with OpenMC have been performed. It was also used for coupling BISON and RELAP-7 for the full-core multiphysics simulations. Within the last fiscal year, significant improvements have been made in Rattlesnake. Rattlesnake development was migrated into our internal GITLAB development environment at the end of year 2014. Since then total 369 merge requests has been accepted into Rattlesnake. It is noted that the MOOSE framework that Rattlesnake is based on is under continuous developments. Improvements made in MOOSE can improve the Rattlesnake. It is acknowledged that MOOSE developers spent efforts on patching Rattlesnake for the improvements made on the framework side. This report will not cover the code restructuring for better readability and modularity and documentation improvements, which we have spent tremendous effort on. It only details some of improvements in the following sections.

  2. Lighthouse Solar Laguna Beach | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Lighthouse Solar Laguna Beach Name: Lighthouse Solar Laguna Beach Address: 23151 Alcalde Dr. Suite 2-B Place: Laguna Hills, CA Zip: 92653...

  3. An evaluation of aquifer intercommunication between the unconfined and Rattlesnake Ridge aquifers on the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, E.J.

    1987-10-01

    During 1986, Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a study of a portion of the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer (confined aquifer) that lies beneath the B Pond - Gable Mountain Pond area of the Hanford Site. The purpose was to determine the extent of intercommunication between the unconfined aquifer and the uppermost regionally extensive confined aquifer, referred to as the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer. Hydraulic head data and chemical data were collected from the ground water in the study area during December 1986. The hydraulic head data were used to determine the effects caused by water discharged to the ground from B Pond on both the water table of the unconfined aquifer and the potentiometric surface of the confined aquifer. The chemical data were collected to determine the extent of chemical constituents migrating from the unconfined aquifer to the confined aquifer. Analysis of chemical constituents in the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer demonstrated that communication between the unconfined and confined aquifers had occurred. However, the levels of contaminants found in the Rattlesnake Ridge aquifer during this study were below the DOE Derived Concentration Guides.

  4. Initial RattleSnake Calculations of the Hot Zero Power BEAVRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Ellis; J. Ortensi; Y. Wang; K. Smith; R.C. Martineau

    2014-01-01

    The validation of the Idaho National Laboratory's next generation of reactor physics analysis codes is an essential and ongoing task. The validation process requires a large undertaking and includes detailed, realistic models that can accurately predict the behavior of an operational nuclear reactor. Over the past few years the INL has developed the RattleSnake application and supporting tools on the MOOSE framework to perform these reactor physics calculations. RattleSnake solves the linearized Boltzmann transport equation with a variety of solution meth­ ods. Various traditional reactor physics benchmarks have already been performed, but a more realistic light water reactor comparison was needed to solidify the status of the code and deter­ mine its fidelity. The INL team decided to use the Benchmark for Evaluation and Validation of Reactor Simulations, which was made available in early 2013. This benchmark is a one­ of-a-kind document assembled by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which includes two cycles of detailed, measured PWR operational data. The results from this initial study of the hot zero power conditions show the current INL analysis procedure with DRAGON4 cross section preparation and using the low order diffusion solver in RattleSnake for the whole core calculations yield very encouraging results for PWR analysis. The radial assembly power distributions, radial detector measurements and control rod worths were computed with good accuracy. The computation of the isothermal temperature coefficients of reactivity require further study.

  5. Los Angeles and Long Beach Harbors Model | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Direction Uni-Directional Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach Point Fermin to Huntington Beach, CA ChannelTunnelFlume ChannelTunnelFlume None Wind Capabilities Wind...

  6. The coupling of the neutron transport application RATTLESNAKE to the nuclear fuels performance application BISON under the MOOSE framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleicher, Frederick N.; Williamson, Richard L.; Ortensi, Javier; Wang, Yaqi; Spencer, Benjamin W.; Novascone, Stephen R.; Hales, Jason D.; Martineau, Richard C.

    2014-10-01

    The MOOSE neutron transport application RATTLESNAKE was coupled to the fuels performance application BISON to provide a higher fidelity tool for fuel performance simulation. This project is motivated by the desire to couple a high fidelity core analysis program (based on the self-adjoint angular flux equations) to a high fidelity fuel performance program, both of which can simulate on unstructured meshes. RATTLESNAKE solves self-adjoint angular flux transport equation and provides a sub-pin level resolution of the multigroup neutron flux with resonance treatment during burnup or a fast transient. BISON solves the coupled thermomechanical equations for the fuel on a sub-millimeter scale. Both applications are able to solve their respective systems on aligned and unaligned unstructured finite element meshes. The power density and local burnup was transferred from RATTLESNAKE to BISON with the MOOSE Multiapp transfer system. Multiple depletion cases were run with one-way data transfer from RATTLESNAKE to BISON. The eigenvalues are shown to agree well with values obtained from the lattice physics code DRAGON. The one-way data transfer of power density is shown to agree with the power density obtained from an internal Lassman-style model in BISON.

  7. Long Beach | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Video Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home Long Beach Long Beach NNSA to Participate in Aerial Radiation Training Exercise Long...

  8. Team New Jersey's Beach House Approaches Sustainable Design from...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Team New Jersey's Beach House Approaches Sustainable Design from a Different Angle Team New Jersey's Beach House Approaches Sustainable Design from a Different Angle April 28, 2011...

  9. Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; US Geological Survey Reports, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connolly, Patrick J.

    2003-12-01

    This project was designed to document existing habitat conditions and fish populations within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed (White Salmon River subbasin, Washington) before major habitat restoration activities are implemented and prior to the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above Condit Dam. Returning adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. and steelhead O. mykiss have not had access to Rattlesnake Creek since 1913. An assessment of resident trout populations should serve as a good surrogate for evaluation of factors that would limit salmon and steelhead production in the watershed. Personnel from United States Geological Survey's Columbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) attend to three main objectives of the Rattlesnake Creek project. The first is to characterize stream and riparian habitat conditions. This effort includes measures of water quality, water quantity, stream habitat, and riparian conditions. The second objective is to determine the status of fish populations in the Rattlesnake Creek drainage. To accomplish this, we derived estimates of salmonid population abundance, determined fish species composition, assessed distribution and life history attributes, obtained tissue samples for genetic analysis, and assessed fish diseases in the watershed. The third objective is to use the collected habitat and fisheries information to help identify and prioritize areas in need of restoration. As this report covers the second year of at least a three-year study, it is largely restricted to describing our efforts and findings for the first two objectives.

  10. Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek Associated with Restoration Efforts; US Geological Survey Reports, 2001-2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connolly, Patrick J.

    2003-01-01

    This project was designed to document existing habitat conditions and fish populations within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed (White Salmon River subbasin, Washington) before major habitat restoration activities are implemented and prior to the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above Condit Dam. Returning adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. and steelhead O. mykiss have not had access to Rattlesnake Creek since 1914. An assessment of resident trout populations should serve as a good surrogate for evaluation of factors that would limit salmon and steelhead production in the watershed. Personnel from United States Geological Survey's Columbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) attend to three main objectives of the Rattlesnake Creek project. The first is to characterize stream and riparian habitat conditions. This effort includes measures of water quality, water quantity, stream habitat, and riparian conditions. The second objective is to determine the status of fish populations in the Rattlesnake Creek drainage. To accomplish this, we derived estimates of salmonid population abundance, determined fish species composition, assessed distribution and life history attributes, obtained tissue samples for future genetic analysis, and assessed fish diseases in the watershed. The third objective is to use the collected habitat and fisheries information to help identify and prioritize areas in need of restoration. As this report covers the first year of a three-year study, this report is restricted to describing our work on the first two objectives only.

  11. Clean Cities: Long Beach Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    15 years. Tedtaotao was appointed co-coordinator of Long Beach Clean Cities in January, 2014. LA County Public Works 2275 Alcazar St Los Angeles, CA 90033 Search Coalitions Search...

  12. Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the help of the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program, the city of Ormond Beach, Florida is saving energy and encouraging its residents to do the same through an environmental education program.

  13. Cosmology at the Beach Lecture: Simon White

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Simon White

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  14. Huntington Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Huntington Beach is a city in Orange County, California. It falls under California's 46th...

  15. Cosmology on the Beach - George Smoot

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    George Smoot

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  16. Cosmology at the Beach Lecture: Anne Green

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ann Green

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.  

  17. Cosmology at the Beach Lecture: David Hughes

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    David Hughes

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  18. Cosmology on the Beach: Kendrick Smith

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    George Smoot

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  19. West Palm Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. West Palm Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 19th...

  20. City of New Smyrna Beach, Florida (Utility Company) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach, Florida (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: New Smyrna Beach City of Place: Florida Phone Number: 386-427-1361 or 386-427-1366 Website: www.ucnsb.net...

  1. New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach July 30, 2010 - 3:13pm Addthis Metal halide light fixtures at Pompey Park are...

  2. Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections July 9, 2013 - 1:56pm Addthis Thanks to funding from the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program, Ormond Beach was able to make energy efficiency upgrades to 16 city-owned buildings and is now saving more than $45,000 a year on its energy costs. | Photo courtesy of the City of Ormond Beach, Florida. Thanks to funding from the Energy Department's Energy

  3. Cosmology at the Beach Lecture: Wayne Hu

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wayne Hu

    2010-01-08

    Wayne Hu lectures on Secondary Anisotropy in the CMB. The lecture is the first in a series of 3 he delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  4. Accessing the Energy Department's Lidar Buoy Data off Virginia Beach |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Accessing the Energy Department's Lidar Buoy Data off Virginia Beach Accessing the Energy Department's Lidar Buoy Data off Virginia Beach In December 2014, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) deployed the Energy Department's floating lidar buoy off of Virginia Beach, Virginia, in less than 30 meters (m) of water, approximately 28 nautical miles offshore (approximate coordinates: 36° 52.00' N, 75° 29.53' W). This buoy is collecting meteorological and

  5. Miami Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 18th congressional district and Florida's 20th congressional district.12 Registered Energy Companies in Miami Beach, Florida Car...

  6. Golden Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    it. Golden Beach is a town in Miami-Dade County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 20th congressional district.12 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and...

  7. Detroit Beach, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Detroit Beach, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.9311563, -83.3268753 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  8. Virginia Beach County, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach County, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 36.7689068, -76.0391909 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappin...

  9. Pompano Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Registered Energy Companies in Pompano Beach, Florida Apollo Energy Systems Inc Atlas Solar Innovations Cyclone Power Technologies Inc References US Census Bureau...

  10. Ewa Beach, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ewa Beach, Hawaii: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 21.3169, -158.013199 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice...

  11. Waimanalo Beach, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Waimanalo Beach, Hawaii: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 21.3402778, -157.7027778 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  12. Beaches Energy Services- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Beaches Energy Services offers rebates to residential customers as an incentive to install qualifying energy-efficient equipment and measures in existing homes. New construction does not qualify...

  13. Jensen Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jensen Beach, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 27.2544906, -80.2297697 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  14. Juno Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Registered Energy Companies in Juno Beach, Florida Florida Power and Light Company Lone Star Transmission LLC NextEra Energy Resources formerly FPL Energy LLC References US...

  15. TNRC 63 - Beach Dunes Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TNRC 63 - Beach Dunes ManagementLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 1977 Legal Citation TNRC 63 (1977) DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:...

  16. New Smyrna Beach- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Smyrna Beach offers residential customers incentives for improving the energy efficiency of eligible homes. Eligible measures include insulation upgrades, window solar screens, duct repairs,...

  17. New Smyrna Beach- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Utilities Commission of New Smyrna Beach (UCNSB) is offering rebates to commercial customers for the purchase and implementation of energy efficient LED exit signs, increased insulation, and...

  18. Newport Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Redirected from Newport Beach, CA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.6189101, -117.9289469 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingser...

  19. Long Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Long Beach, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.7669623, -118.1892348 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  20. EECBG Success Story: Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections EECBG Success Story: Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections July 9, 2013 - 1:42pm Addthis Thanks to funding from the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program, Ormond Beach was able to make energy efficiency upgrades to 16 city-owned buildings and is now saving more than $45,000 a year on its energy costs. | Photo courtesy of the City of Ormond Beach, Florida. Thanks to

  1. Winter Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Winter Beach, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 27.7191964, -80.4206071 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  2. Wisconsin Nuclear Profile - Point Beach Nuclear Plant

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Point Beach Nuclear Plant" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date" 1,506,"3,954",89.2,"PWR","application/vnd.ms-excel","application/vnd.ms-excel" 2,512,"4,336",96.7,"PWR","application/vnd.ms-excel","application/vnd.ms-excel"

  3. Pismo Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Pismo Beach is a city in San Luis Obispo County, California. It falls under California's 23rd congressional...

  4. Grover Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Grover Beach is a city in San Luis Obispo County, California. It falls under California's 23rd congressional...

  5. Laguna Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Laguna Beach is a city in Orange County, California. It falls under California's 48th...

  6. Cosmology on the Beach: Eric Linder, lecture 3

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Eric Linder

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  7. Cosmology at the Beach Lecture: Chung-Pei Ma

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chung-Pei Ma

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  8. Cosmology on the Beach - Carlos Frenk, Lecture 2

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Carlos Frenk

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  9. Cosmology on the Beach - Chung-Pei Ma: Lecture 2

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chung-Pei Ma

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009

  10. Cosmology on the Beach - Wayne Hu: Lecture 2

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wayne Hu

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  11. TNRC 61 - General Provisions Use and Maintenance of Public Beaches...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1 - General Provisions Use and Maintenance of Public Beaches Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: TNRC 61 - General...

  12. Cosmology on the Beach - Carlos Frenk: Lecture 1

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Carlos Frenk

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  13. Cosmology on the Beach - Eric Linder: Lecture 1

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Eric Linder

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  14. Cosmology on the Beach - Simon White, Lecture 3

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Simon White

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  15. Cosmology on the Beach - Carlos Frenk, Lecture 3

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Carlos Frenk

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  16. Cosmology on the Beach - Eric Linder, Lecture 2

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Eric Linder

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.  

  17. Cosmology on the Beach - Chung-Pei Ma, Lecture 3

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chung-Pei Ma

    2010-01-08

    The lecture was delivered as part of the "Cosmology at the Beach" winter school organized by Berkeley Lab's George Smoot in Los Cabos, Mexico from Jan. 12-16, 2009.

  18. Achieving Energy Savings in Municipal Construction in Long Beach California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-01

    Long Beach Gas and Oil (LBGO), the public gas utility in Long Beach, California, partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to build a new, low-energy modular office building that is at least 50% below requirements set by Energy Standard 90.1-2007 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of America (IESNA) as part of DOEs Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) program. The LBGO building, which demonstrates that modular construction can be very energy efficient, is expected to exceed the ASHRAE baseline by about 45%.

  19. Geothermal energy at Long Beach Naval Shipyard and Naval Station and at Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station, California. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, C.T.; Chapman, R.H.

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to determine and evaluate sources of geothermal energy at two military bases in southern California, the Long Beach Naval Shipyard and Naval Station and the Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station. One part of the project focused on the natural geothermal characteristics beneath the naval bases. Another part focused on the geothermal energy produced by oilfield operations on and adjacent to each base. Results of the study are presented here for the US Department of the Navy to use in its program to reduce its reliance on petrolem by the development of different sources of energy. The study was accomplished under a cooperative agreement between the US Department of Energy's San Francisco Operations Office and the Department of the Navy's Naval Weapons Center, China Lake, California, for joint research and development of geothermal energy at military installations.

  20. Jefferson Lab Awards $14.1 Million Contract To Virginia Beach Construction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Company | Jefferson Lab 14.1 Million Contract To Virginia Beach Construction Company Jefferson Lab Awards $14.1 Million Contract To Virginia Beach Construction Company HallD This architectural rendering depicts Jefferson Lab's Hall D complex, to be built as part of a $310 million upgrade to the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility. The rendering was executed by Hayes, Seay, Mattern & Mattern, Inc., of Roanoke, Va. NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Feb. 4, 2009 - A Virginia Beach company has

  1. EECBG Success Story: Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Palm Beach County is a prime example of a community that is embracing energy savings to spur economic development. Learn more.

  2. Integrated solid waste management of Palm Beach County, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    The subject document reports the results of an in-depth investigation of the fiscal year 1992 cost of the Palm Beach County, Florida integrated municipal solid waste management system (IMSWMS), the energy consumed to operate the system, and the environmental performance requirements for each of the system`s waste-processing and disposal facilities. Actual data from records kept by participants is reported in this document. Every effort was made to minimize the use of assumptions, and no attempt is made to interpret the data reported. Analytical approaches are documented so that interested analysts may perform manipulation or further analysis of the data. As such, the report is a reference document for MSW management professionals who are interested in the actual costs and energy consumption for a one-year period, of an operating IMSWMS.

  3. Team New Jersey’s Beach House Approaches Sustainable Design from a Different Angle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Team New Jersey's 2011 Solar Decathlon house is incorporating the age-old technology of concrete into their beach house design. How is this energy efficient? Read more to find out!

  4. 31 TAC 15.3 - Management of the Beach/Dune System Administration...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TAC 15.3 - Management of the BeachDune System Administration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: 31 TAC 15.3 -...

  5. Environmental geophysics at Beach Point, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGinnis, L.D.; Daudt, C.R.; Thompson, M.D.; Miller, S.F.; Mandell, W.A.; Wrobel, J.

    1994-07-01

    Geophysical studies at Beach Point Peninsula, in the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, provide diagnostic signatures of the hydrogeologic framework and possible contaminant pathways. These studies permit construction of the most reasonable scenario linking dense, nonaqueous-phase liquid contaminants introduced at the surface with their pathway through the surficial aquifer. Subsurface geology and contaminant presence were identified by drilling, outcrop mapping, and groundwater sampling and analyses. Suspected sources of near-surface contaminants were defined by magnetic and conductivity measurements. Negative conductivity anomalies may be associated with unlined trenches. Positive magnetic and conductivity anomalies outline suspected tanks and pipes. The anomalies of greatest concern are those spatially associated with a concrete slab that formerly supported a mobile clothing impregnating plant. Resistivity and conductivity profiling and depth soundings were used to identify an electrical anomaly extending through the surficial aquifer to the basal pleistocene unconformity, which was mapped by using seismic reflection methods. The anomaly may be representative of a contaminant plume connected to surficial sources. Major activities in the area included liquid rocket fuel tests, rocket fuel fire suppression tests, pyrotechnic material and smoke generator tests, and the use of solvents at a mobile clothing impregnating plant.

  6. Investigation of Stinson Beach Park storm damage and evaluation of alternative shore protection measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ecker, R.M.; Whelan, G.

    1984-07-01

    An investigation was made of storm damage during the winter of 1982-83 to the National Park Service's Stinson Beach Park. The investigation included an assessment of the storm damage, evaluation of physical processes contributing to the damage, subsequent beach recovery, and the feasibility of implementing shoreline protection measure to reduce future risk. During the winter of 1982-83, the beach was almost completely denuded of sand, wave overwash damaged the foredune, vegetation on the foredune was destroyed, and backshore flooding occurred. Two structures and a parking lot were endangered as the shoreline receded. Subsequent recovery of the park beach was rapid. By January 1982 sand had moved back onshore and a beach berm was beginning to reform. The foredune and dune vegetation received the only permanent damage. Four shoreline protection alternatives were evaluated. These include no action, dune development/enhancement, construction of a rock riprap revetment, and offshore installation of artificial seaweed. The first costs (estimated costs, excluding maintenance) range from about $90,000 to $475,000. The least-cost protection measure is riprap revetment, which protects the two structures and parking lot endangered during the 1982-83 winter storms. Construction of a foredune along the entire park beach is the highest cost protection measure. If no shore protection action measures are implemented, wave overwash of the foredune can be expected to occur on the average of every 2 to 3 years, and beach degradation, similar to that during the 1982-83 winter, can be expected to occur on the average of every 10 to 12 years. 12 references, 19 figures, 18 tables.

  7. EECBG Success Story: New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings for Delray Beach

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Delray Beach, Florida, had a good problem: Recovery Act funding to support the city's mission to reduce energy costs – but no seasoned pro to help realize those savings. Through an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG), the South Florida city hired a former city manager to oversee projects that would deliver both energy and financial savings. Learn more.

  8. Proxy late Holocene climatic record deduced from northwest Alaska beach ridges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, O.K.; Jordan, J.W.

    1992-03-01

    A climatically sensitive, oscillatory pattern of progradation and erosion is revealed in late Holocene accretionary sand ridge and barrier island complexes of Seward Peninsula, northwest Alaska. Archaeological and geological radiocarbon dates constrain the chronology for the Cape Espenberg beach ridge plain and the Shishmaref barrier islands, 50 km to the southwest. Cape Espenberg, the depositional sink for the northeastward longshore transport system, contains the oldest sedimentary deposits: 3700 +/- 90 B.P. (B-23170) old grass from a paleosol in a low dune. The oldest date on the Shishmaref barrier islands is 1550 +/- 70 B.P. (B-23183) and implies that the modern barrier is a comparatively recent phenomenon. Late Holocene sedimentation along the Seward Peninsula varied between intervals of rapid progradation and erosion. Rapid progradation predominated from 4000-3300 B.P. and from 2000-1200 B.P., with the generation of low beach ridges without dunes, separated by wide swales. During erosional periods higher dunes built atop beach ridges: as between 3300-2000 B.P. and intermittently from 1000 B.P. to the present. Dune formation correlates with the Neoglacial and Little Ice Age glacial advances and increased alluviation in northern and central Alaska, while rapid progradation is contemporaneous with warmer intervals of soil and/or, peat formation atop alluvial terraces, dated to 4000-3500 and 2000-1000 B.P.

  9. Auxiliary feedwater system risk-based inspection guide for the Point Beach nuclear power plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, R C; Moffitt, N E; Gore, B F; Vo, T V; Vehec, T A

    1993-02-01

    In a study sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Pacific Northwest Laboratory has developed and applied a methodology for deriving plant-specific risk-based inspection guidance for the auxiliary feedwater (AFW) system at pressurized water reactors that have not undergone probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). This methodology uses existing PRA results and plant operating experience information. Existing PRA-based inspection guidance information recently developed for the NRC for various plants was used to identify generic component failure modes. This information was then combined with plant-specific and industry-wide component information and failure data to identify failure modes and failure mechanisms for the AFW system at the selected plants. Point Beach was selected as one of a series of plants for study. The product of this effort is a prioritized listing of AFW failures which have occurred at the plant and at other PWRS. This listing is intended for use by NRC inspectors in the preparation of inspection plans addressing AFW risk-important components at the Point Beach plant.

  10. EA-1985: Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project (VOWTAP), 24 nautical miles offshore of Virginia Beach, Virginia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE is proposing to fund Virginia Electric and Power Company's Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project (VOWTAP). The proposed VOWTAP project consists of design, construction and operation of a 12 megawatt offshore wind facility located approximately 24 nautical miles off the coast of Virginia Beach, VA on the Outer Continental Shelf.

  11. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County, Lake Worth, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-03-01

    PNNL and Florida Solar Energy Center worked with Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County to upgrade an empty 1996 home with a 14.5 SEER AC, heat pump water heater, CFLs, more attic insulation, and air sealing to cut utility bills $872 annually.

  12. Field studies of beach cones as coastal erosion control/reversal devices for areas with significant oil and gas activities. Annual report, February 24, 1993--February 23, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Law, V.J.

    1994-07-07

    The primary objective of this project was to evaluate the utility of a device called the ``beach cone`` in combating coastal erosion. Seven initial sites were selected for testing beach cones in a variety of geometric configurations, and six sites were actually used. Six hundred beach cones were installed at the six sites in late July and early August, 1992. An additional 109 cones were installed at an eighth site in December of 1992. Findings indicate that beach cones accreted significant amounts of materials along the beach of a barrier island. At the eighth installation the amount of accreted material was measured by surveys to be 2200 cubic meters (2900 cubic yards) in February of 1993, when the cones were found to have been completely covered by the material. The average increase in elevation was about 7 inches (0. 18 in) with a maximum buildup of 3 ft. (I in). At other test sites, accretion rates have been less dramatic but importantly, no significant additional erosion has occurred, which is a positive result. The cost of sediment accretion using beach cones was found to be about $13.72 per cubic yard of sand or approximately $500,000 per mile of beach, which would be much lower if the cones were mass produced. The survival of the cones through the fringes of Hurricane Andrew indicates that they can be anchored sufficiently to survive significant storms. The measurements of the cones settling rates indicate that this effect is negligible, does not hinder their effectiveness. We do not yet have sufficient data to state the categorical success of the beach cones, but results to date are encouraging.

  13. Field studies of beach cones as coastal erosion control/reversal devices for areas with significant oil and gas activities. Final report, February 24, 1992--September 18, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Law, V.J.

    1995-09-18

    The primary objective of this project was to evaluate the utility of a device called the {open_quotes}beach cone{close_quotes} in combating coastal erosion. Seven initial sites were selected for testing beach cones in a variety of geometric configurations. Permits were obtained from the State of Louisiana and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to perform the work associated with this study. Six hundred beach cones were actually installed at six of the sites in late July and early August, 1992. Findings indicate that beach cones accreted significant amounts of materials along the beach of a barrier island, and they might have been instrumental in repairing an approximately 200 meter gap in the island. At the eighth installation the amount of accreted material was measured by surveys to be 2200 cubic meters (2900 cubic yards) in February of 1993, when the cones were found to have been completely covered by the material. At other test sites, accretion rates have been less dramatic but importantly, no significant additional erosion has occurred, which is a positive result. The cost of sediment accretion using beach cones was found to be about $13.72 per cubic yard, which would be much lower if the cones were mass produced (on the order of $3.00 per cubic yard). The survival of the cones through the fringes of Hurricane Andrew indicates that they can be anchored sufficiently to survive significant storms. The measurements of the cones settling rates indicate that this effect is not significant enough to hinder their effectiveness. A subcontract to Xavier University to assess the ecological quality of the experimental sites involved the study of the biogeochemical cycle of trace metals. The highest concentration of heavy metals were near a fishing camp while the lowest levels were in the beach sand of a barrier island. This suggests that the metals do not occur naturally in these areas, but have been placed in the sediments by man`s activities.

  14. Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01

    Insight Homes constructed two houses in Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, with identical floor plans and thermal envelopes but different heating and domestic hot water (DHW) systems. Each house is 1,715-ft2 with a single story, three bedrooms, two bathrooms, and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and ductwork located in conditioned crawlspaces. The standard house, which the builder offers as its standard production house, uses an air source heat pump (ASHP) with supplemental propane furnace heating. The Building America test house uses the same ASHP unit with supplemental heat provided by the DHW heater (a combined DHW and hydronic heating system, where the hydronic heating element is in the air handler). Both houses were occupied during the test period. Results indicate that efficiency of the two heating systems was not significantly different. Three issues dominate these results; lower system design performance resulting from the indoor refrigerant coil selected for the standard house, an incorrectly functioning defrost cycle in the standard house, and the low resolution of the natural gas monitoring equipment. The thermal comfort of both houses fell outside the ASHRAE Standard 55 heating range but was within the ACCA room-to-room temperature range when compared to the thermostat temperature. The monitored DHW draw schedules were input into EnergyPlus to evaluate the efficiency of the tankless hot water heater model using the two monitored profiles and the Building America House Simulation Protocols. The results indicate that the simulation is not significantly impacted by the draw profiles.

  15. Glen Canyon Dam beach/habitat-building test flow: An `ex post` analysis of hydropower cost. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harpman, D.A.

    1997-04-01

    A 7-day controlled flood was conducted in late March and early April of 1996 for research purposes. This short-duration high release was designed to rebuild high elevation sandbars, deposit nutrients, restore backwater channels, and provide some of the dynamics of a natural system. The goal was to test hypotheses about sediment movements and the response of aquatic and terrestial habitats to flood events. This report describes the resultant economic and financial impact of the test flow on the hydropower system. There were two sources of economic and financial impact associated with the beach/habitat-building test flow--changes in the timing and amount of hydropower produced and the costs of the research. The purpose of this report is to describe the economic and financial impacts on the hydropower system.

  16. Alkaline Waterflooding Demonstration Project, Ranger Zone, Long Beach Unit, Wilmington Field, California. Fourth annual report, June 1979-May 1980. Volume 3. Appendices II-XVII

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carmichael, J.D.

    1981-03-01

    Volume 3 contains Appendices II through XVII: mixing instructions for sodium orthosilicate; oil displacement studies using THUMS C-331 crude oil and extracted reservoir core material from well B-110; clay mineral analysis of B-827-A cores; sieve analysis of 4 Fo sand samples from B-110-IA and 4 Fo sand samples from B-827-A; core record; delayed secondary caustic consumption tests; long-term alkaline consumption in reservoir sands; demulsification study for THUMS Long Beach Company, Island White; operating plans and instructions for DOE injection demonstration project, alkaline injection; caustic pilot-produced water test graphs; well test irregularities (6/1/79-5/31/80); alkaline flood pump changes (6/1/79-5/31/80); monthly DOE pilot chemical waterflood injection reports (preflush injection, alkaline-salt injection, and alkaline injection without salt); and caustic safety procedures-alkaline chemicals.

  17. Agassiz Beach Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NAEEnel North America Developer Northern Alternative Energy Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Clay County MN Coordinates...

  18. Property:Simulated Beach | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coastal Harbors Modeling Facility + No + Coastal Inlet Model Facility + No + Coastal Structures Modeling Complex + No + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + Yes + DeFrees Large Wave...

  19. Nonlinear diffusion acceleration for the multigroup transport equation discretized with S{sub N} and continuous FEM with rattlesnake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.

    2013-07-01

    Nonlinear diffusion acceleration (NDA) can improve the performance of a neutron transport solver significantly especially for the multigroup eigenvalue problems. The high-order transport equation and the transport-corrected low-order diffusion equation form a nonlinear system in NDA, which can be solved via a Picard iteration. The consistency of the correction of the low-order equation is important to ensure the stabilization and effectiveness of the iteration. It also makes the low-order equation preserve the scalar flux of the high-order equation. In this paper, the consistent correction for a particular discretization scheme, self-adjoint angular flux (SAAF) formulation with discrete ordinates method (S{sub N}) and continuous finite element method (CFEM) is proposed for the multigroup neutron transport equation. Equations with the anisotropic scatterings and a void treatment are included. The Picard iteration with this scheme has been implemented and tested with RattleS{sub N}ake, a MOOSE-based application at INL. Convergence results are presented. (authors)

  20. North Miami Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 17th congressional district and Florida's 20th congressional district.12 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and...

  1. Village of Beach City, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 1386 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a...

  2. Newport Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LLC GCube Inland Energy Inc International Solar Consulting Nautilus Renewables Quercus Trust David Gelbaum Private investor References US Census Bureau Incorporated...

  3. Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    After making energy efficiency upgrades, Smart for Life expects to save 58 percent annually on its energy bills. Thanks to reduced operating costs, the company is able to increase ...

  4. Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    costs. | Photo courtesy of the City of Dallas. Dallas: Building a Greener City Ajani Stewart was close to losing his job as environmental coordinator for the city of Miami before...

  5. EECBG Success Story: Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thanks to funding from the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block ... Thanks to funding from the Energy Department's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block ...

  6. From: Wayne Beach To: Congestion Study Comments Date:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The compensation cannot begin to cover the all of the losses, tangible and intangible that ... Third, the eastern states should develop the utility scale wind resources conveniently ...

  7. Property:Description of Beach | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    property. A Alden Wave Basin + Designed as needed using commercially available sandsediment C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + Wave absorbers are a discontinuous 12...

  8. Palm Beach County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power and Light Company Hydro Alternative Energy Kitson Partners LPG Electrical, Inc Lone Star Transmission LLC NextEra Energy Resources formerly FPL Energy LLC Power Tree Corp RAM...

  9. South Palm Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lse,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.588958,"lon":-80.0386522,"alt":0,"address":"","ic...

  10. Palm Beach, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lse,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.7056206,"lon":-80.0364297,"alt":0,"address":"","i...

  11. Florida Power & Light Company, 700 Universe Blvd. Juno Beach...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... In the latter case, technological advances in the world of digital "bits" have enabled not ... of specific pricing programs and marketing tactics; (iv) the impact of social norms ...

  12. CX-008884: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rattlesnake Butte Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25 Date: 08/13/2012 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - TrafficSafetyBriefing FINAL.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 South and Beloit Avenue (Rattlesnake Barricade entrance off Highway 240) - Allows for safer access for the Benton County Sheriff's Office to perform safety enforcement actions...

  14. Ward Co. Dunn Co. McLean Co. McHenry Co. Mountrail Co. McKenzie...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    RATTLESNAKE POINT ELLSWORTH CHURCH BORDER HANSON GROVER HULSE COULEE SAKAKAWEA AURELIA ROUND TOP BUTTE GORHAM BUTTE W MARMON MANITOU SHEALEY CLAYTON SERGIS N SADDLE BUTTE HAYLAND ...

  15. EECBG Success Story: Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    green organizations in the Rio Grande Valley on energy efficiency ideas for the home, recycling, energy production and consumption, wind and solar power and groundwater runoff. ...

  16. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-01-01

    In this project involving two homes, the IBACOS team evaluated the performance of the two space conditioning systems and the modeled efficiency of the two tankless domestic hot water systems relative to actual occupant use. Each house was built by Insight Homes and is 1,715-ft2 with a single story, three bedrooms, two bathrooms, and the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems and ductwork located in conditioned crawlspaces. The standard house, which the builder offers as its standard production house, uses an air source heat pump (ASHP) with supplemental propane furnace heating. The Building America test house uses the same ASHP unit with supplemental heat provided by the DHW heater (a combined DHW and hydronic heating system, where the hydronic heating element is in the air handler).

  17. Long Beach Transit: Two-Year Evaluation of Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Transit Buses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M.

    2008-06-01

    This report focuses on a gasoline-electric hybrid transit bus propulsion system. The propulsion system is an alternative to standard diesel buses and allows for reductions in emissions (usually focused on reductions of particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen) and petroleum use. Gasoline propulsion is an alternative to diesel fuel and hybrid propulsion allows for increased fuel economy, which ultimately results in reduced petroleum use.

  18. Increased reserves through horizontal drilling in a mature waterflood, Long Beach unit, Wilmington Oil Field, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.H.

    1996-12-31

    Ranger Zone development started in 1965. A waterflood was initiated from the start using a staggered line-drive pattern. Infill drilling in the early 1980s and again in the 1990s revealed bypassed oil in the upper Ranger Fo sand. Detailed studies of the aerial extent of the remaining oil resulted in drilling 17 horizontal wells to recover these reserves. The Fo target sand thickness is 20 to 50 feet. Well courses are between 10 and 15 feet below the top of the Fo with lengths varying from 800 to 1,000 feet. The success of the Fo drilling program has prompted expansion of horizontal drilling into thin-bedded sand units. Well lengths have increased to between 1,500 and 1,800 feet with structural trend used to advantage. Where needed, probes are designed to penetrate the target sand before setting intermediate casing. The drilling program has been extended into bilateral horizontal completions. Geosteering with MWD/GR and a 2 MHz dual propagation resistivity tool is used to the casing point. In the completion interval, only the MWD/GR tool is used and a drillpipe conveyed E-log is run afterward to confirm expected resistivities. Despite the many well penetrations in the Ranger Zone, structural control is only fair. Accuracy of MWD data is generally low and geosteering is done by TVD log correlation. With a recovery factor of over 30 percent in Ranger West, from approximately 800 wells drilled in the last 30 years, the horizontal drilling program targeting bypassed reserves has brought new life to this mature reservoir.

  19. Increased reserves through horizontal drilling in a mature waterflood, Long Beach unit, Wilmington Oil Field, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, B.H. )

    1996-01-01

    Ranger Zone development started in 1965. A waterflood was initiated from the start using a staggered line-drive pattern. Infill drilling in the early 1980s and again in the 1990s revealed bypassed oil in the upper Ranger Fo sand. Detailed studies of the aerial extent of the remaining oil resulted in drilling 17 horizontal wells to recover these reserves. The Fo target sand thickness is 20 to 50 feet. Well courses are between 10 and 15 feet below the top of the Fo with lengths varying from 800 to 1,000 feet. The success of the Fo drilling program has prompted expansion of horizontal drilling into thin-bedded sand units. Well lengths have increased to between 1,500 and 1,800 feet with structural trend used to advantage. Where needed, probes are designed to penetrate the target sand before setting intermediate casing. The drilling program has been extended into bilateral horizontal completions. Geosteering with MWD/GR and a 2 MHz dual propagation resistivity tool is used to the casing point. In the completion interval, only the MWD/GR tool is used and a drillpipe conveyed E-log is run afterward to confirm expected resistivities. Despite the many well penetrations in the Ranger Zone, structural control is only fair. Accuracy of MWD data is generally low and geosteering is done by TVD log correlation. With a recovery factor of over 30 percent in Ranger West, from approximately 800 wells drilled in the last 30 years, the horizontal drilling program targeting bypassed reserves has brought new life to this mature reservoir.

  20. Florida Power & Light Company, 700 Universe Blvd. Juno Beach 33408

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions Introduction A combined heat and power (CHP) system can be a financially attractive energy option for many industrial and commercial facilities. This is particularly the case in areas of the country with high electricity rates. However, regions with air quality concerns often have strict limits on criteria pollutants, such as nitrogen oxide (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), and

  1. Long Beach Transit: Two-Year Evaluation of Gasoline-Electric...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Web site. See the Medium- & Heavy-Duty Vehicles section of the following link: http:www1.eere.energy.govvehiclesandfuelsavtaindex.html. ...

  2. West Palm Beach-Better Buildings Challenge & PACE | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Study of Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Criteria Pollutant Emissions | Department of Energy A complete vehicle fuel-cycle analysis, commonly called a well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis that examines the use and emissions associated with fuel production (or well-to-tank [WTT]) activities and energy use and emissions associated with vehicle operation (or tank-to-wheels [TTW]) activities. PDF icon well_to_wheels_analysis.pdf More Documents & Publications Fuel-Cycle Energy and

  3. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-15-079 Long Beach B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    disturb hazardous substances, pollutants, contaminants, or CERCLA-excluded petroleum and natural gas products that pre-exist in the environment such that there would be...

  4. Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-15-080 Long Beach B3-6.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the reaction kinetics for organic-phase radicals and the physiochemical properties of extraction ligands determined by their structural features. The proposed kinetic studies...

  5. Building America Efficient Solutions for New Homes Case Study...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Habitat for Humanity Palm Beach County, West Palm Beach, Florida Building America Efficient Solutions for New Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity Palm Beach County, West Palm ...

  6. Horry County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Loris, South Carolina Myrtle Beach, South Carolina North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina Red Hill, South Carolina Socastee, South Carolina Surfside Beach, South Carolina Retrieved...

  7. Calvert County, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Calvert County, Maryland Calvert Beach-Long Beach, Maryland Chesapeake Beach, Maryland Chesapeake Ranch Estates-Drum Point,...

  8. CX-010431: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Rattlesnake-Garrison Right-of-Way Marking Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/06/2013 Location(s): Montana Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  9. Instrillment Development Multi-Spectral Automated Rotating Shadowt...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The plot in Figure 3 shows a day of observations taken by a multi-filter RSR operating at Rattlesnake Mountain Ob- servatory (RMO) at latitude 46.400 N, longitude 119.600 W. ...

  10. CX-013311: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rattlesnake Butte Phase 3 Property Funding CX(s) Applied: B1.25Date: 01/06/2015 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  11. Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PRC T Plant PRC T Plant PRC U Plant PRC U Plant PRC Waste and Fuels PRC Waste and Fuels Pretreatment Facility Pretreatment Facility Public Outreach Public Outreach Public Tours Public Tours Railcars at Hanford Railcars at Hanford Railcars Go To B Reactor Railcars Go To B Reactor Railroad Track Removal Railroad Track Removal Rattlesnake Communications Tower Rattlesnake Communications Tower Records Storage Facility Records Storage Facility Reducing Chromium in Groundwater Reducing Chromium in

  12. A modified cost benefit analysis of coastal development (tourism) with special reference to Longbay Beach--Negril, Jamaica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinds, P.W.; Ngandu, M.

    1995-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to estimate the cost and benefits of the Tourist Industry in Negril over the period 1970-93, including its impact on the environment. Traditional cost benefit analysis will be used with appropriate modifications. The Long Bay stretch has been an area of rapid expansion over the last ten to twenty years. This expansion has rapidly outgrown infrastructure development and this, the potential environmental problems are already showing up in marine pollution and other forms of environmental degradation. Although there is numerous evidence of environmental impacts on tourism, there has not been a lot of work done on quantifying these impacts, and policy makers have not been ensuring that these externalities are internalized by these hotels, in an effort to make them better stewards of the environment. This study will not only look at the economic cost and benefit of the industry from the point of view of revenue and expenditure, but also the environment cost, benefit and policy recommendations necessary to accomplish this.

  13. 2013 MOLECULAR ENERGY TRANSFER GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE (JANUARY 13-18, 2013 - VENTURA BEACH MARRIOTT, VENTURA CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, Scott A.

    2012-10-18

    Sessions covered all areas of molecular energy transfer, with 10 sessions of talks and poster sessions covering the areas of :  Energy Transfer in Inelastic and Reactive Scattering  Energy Transfer in Photoinitiated and Unimolecular Reactions  Non-adiabatic Effects in Energy Transfer  Energy Transfer at Surfaces and Interfaces  Energy Transfer in Clusters, Droplets, and Aerosols  Energy Transfer in Solution and Solid  Energy Transfer in Complex Systems  Energy Transfer: New vistas and horizons  Molecular Energy Transfer: Where Have We Been and Where are We Going?

  14. DOE/EA-1976 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE EMERA CNG, LLC,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    976 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE EMERA CNG, LLC, COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS PROJECT, PORT OF PALM BEACH, CITY OF RIVIERA BEACH, PALM BEACH COUNTY, FLORIDA U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory October 2015 DOE/EA-1976 i COVER SHEET Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Title: Final Environmental Assessment for the Emera CNG, LLC, Compressed Natural Gas Project, Port of Palm Beach, City of Riviera Beach, Palm Beach County, Florida (DOE/EA-1976D)

  15. Monroe County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Michigan Ventower Industries Places in Monroe County, Michigan Carleton, Michigan Detroit Beach, Michigan Dundee, Michigan Estral Beach, Michigan Flat Rock, Michigan...

  16. Building America Efficient Solutions for New Homes Case Study: Habitat for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Humanity Palm Beach County, West Palm Beach, Florida | Department of Energy Habitat for Humanity Palm Beach County, West Palm Beach, Florida Building America Efficient Solutions for New Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity Palm Beach County, West Palm Beach, Florida PNNL and FSEC helped Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County build three <60 HERS prototype homes, 30% better than their typical homes at a cost of only $1,500 more. PDF icon Case Study: Habitat for Humanity Palm Beach

  17. Alden Wave Basin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach Yes Description of Beach Designed as needed using commercially available sandsediment ChannelTunnelFlume ChannelTunnelFlume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities...

  18. Manatee County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Florida Bradenton Beach, Florida Bradenton, Florida Cortez, Florida Ellenton, Florida Holmes Beach, Florida Longboat Key, Florida Memphis, Florida Palmetto, Florida Samoset,...

  19. Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group,...

  20. Florida/Incentives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Active Beaches Energy Services - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Florida) Utility Rebate Program No Beaches Energy Services - Solar Water Heating Rebate Program...

  1. St. Johns County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Zone Number 2 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in St. Johns County, Florida Butler Beach, Florida Crescent Beach, Florida Fruit Cove, Florida Hastings, Florida...

  2. About Us - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GA and Aiken, SC and is less than three hours drive from Atlanta, Charlotte, the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean beaches of Savannah, Charleston, Myrtle Beach...

  3. Media Contacts: For Immediate Release:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cameron Hardy, DOE July 20, 2010 (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov Dee Millikin, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (509) 376-1297, Dee_Millikin@rl.gov **Photo Release** Helicopter Removes Aging Truck From Steep Rattlesnake Ravine RICHLAND, WASH. - A Sikorsky S-64 helicopter removed an old truck from a steep ravine on Rattlesnake Mountain today as part of the cleanup of the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve (ALE). The Department of Energy's contractor, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company,

  4. PROCESS KNOWLEDGE DATA GATHERING AND REPORTING IN SUPPORT OF DECOMMISSIONING Health Physics Society Annual Meeting West Palm Beach, Florida June 27, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. King

    2011-06-27

    Summary of recent ORAU decommissioning activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). Project objective was to generate approved Waste Lot Profiles for legacy facilities scheduled for demolition and shipment to the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF) or appropriate alternate facility. The form and content of process knowledge (PK) reports were developed with input from the EMWMF Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) Attainment Team and regulators. PK may be defined as the knowledge of the design and the history of operations that occurs during the life cycle of a facility (paraphrased from SRNL guidance) - similar to the MARSSIM historical site assessment. Some types of PK data used to decommission ORNL and ETTP facilities include: (1) Design drawings; (2) Historical documents [e.g., History of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory by Thomas (1963) and A Brief History of the Chemical Technical Division (ORNL/M-2733)]; (3) Historical photographs; (4) Radiological survey reports; (5) Facility-specific databases - (a) Spill history, (b) Waste Information Tracking System (WITS), and (c) Hazardous Materials Management Information System (HMMIS); (6) Facility walkdown summary reports; and (7) Living memory data. Facility walkdowns are critical for worker safety planning and to assure on-the-ground-conditions match historical descriptions. For Oak Ridge operations, investigators also document the nature and number of items requiring special handling or disposition planning, such as the following: (1) Items containing polychlorinated biphenyls, asbestos, lead, or refrigerants; (2) Items with physical WAC restriction (e.g., large items, pipes, and concrete); and (3) Too 'hot' for EMWMF. Special emphasis was made to interview facility managers, scientists, technicians, or anyone with direct knowledge of process-related activities. Interviews often led to more contact names and reports but also offered anecdotal accounts of releases, process-related operations, maintenance activities, and other relevant information not addressed in the written record. 'Fun' part of PK data gathering. Often got not-so-useful information such as, 'The operations manager was a jerk and we all hated him.' PK data are used to indicate the presence or absence of contaminants. Multiple lines of investigation are necessary for characterization planning and to help determine which disposal facility is best suited for targeted wastes. The model used by ORAU assisted remediation contractors and EMWMF managers by identifying anomalous waste and items requiring special handling.

  5. Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for New Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies FY14 Budget At-a-Glance Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies FY14 Budget At-a-Glance Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies FY14 Budget At-a-Glance, a publication of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. PDF icon fuelcells_ataglance_2014.pdf More Documents & Publications Fuel Cell Technologies Office FY 2016 Budget At-A-Glance Fuel Cell Technologies Office FY 2015 Budget At-A-Glance Fuel Cell Technologies

  6. Geotechnical applications of remote sensing and remote data transmission; Proceedings of the Symposium, Cocoa Beach, FL, Jan. 31-Feb. 1, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, A.I.; Pettersson, C.B.

    1988-01-01

    Papers and discussions concerning the geotechnical applications of remote sensing and remote data transmission, sources of remotely sensed data, and glossaries of remote sensing and remote data transmission terms, acronyms, and abbreviations are presented. Aspects of remote sensing use covered include the significance of lineaments and their effects on ground-water systems, waste-site use and geotechnical characterization, the estimation of reservoir submerging losses using CIR aerial photographs, and satellite-based investigation of the significance of surficial deposits for surface mining operations. Other topics presented include the location of potential ground subsidence and collapse features in soluble carbonate rock, optical Fourier analysis of surface features of interest in geotechnical engineering, geotechnical applications of U.S. Government remote sensing programs, updating the data base for a Geographic Information System, the joint NASA/Geosat Test Case Project, the selection of remote data telemetry methods for geotechnical applications, the standardization of remote sensing data collection and transmission, and a comparison of airborne Goodyear electronic mapping system/SAR with satelliteborne Seasat/SAR radar imagery.

  7. THE FINAL DEMISE OF EAST TENNESSEE TECHNOLOGY PARK BUILDING K-33 Health Physics Society Annual Meeting West Palm Beach, Florida June 27, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David A. King

    2011-06-27

    Building K-33 was constructed in 1954 as the final section of the five-stage uranium enrichment cascade at the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant (ORGDP). The two original building (K-25 and K-27) were used to produce weapons grade highly enriched uranium (HEU). Building K-29, K-31, and K-33 were added to produce low enriched uranium (LEU) for nuclear power plant fuel. During ORGDP operations K-33 produced a peak enrichment of 2.5%. Thousands of tons of reactor tails fed into gaseous diffusion plants in the 1950s and early 1960s introducing some fission products and transuranics. Building K-33 was a two-story, 25-meters (82-feet) tall structure with approximately 30 hectare (64 acres) of floor space. The Operations (first) Floor contained offices, change houses, feed vaporization rooms, and auxiliary equipment to support enrichment operations. The Cell (second) Floor contained the enrichment process equipment and was divided into eight process units (designated K-902-1 through K-902-8). Each unit contained ten cells, and each cell contained eight process stages (diffusers) for a total of 640 enrichment stages. 1985: LEU buildings were taken off-line after the anticipated demand for uranium enrichment failed to materialize. 1987: LEU buildings were placed in permanent shutdown. Process equipment were maintained in a shutdown state. 1997: DOE signed an Action Memorandum for equipment removal and decontamination of Buildings K-29, K-31, K-33; BNFL awarded contract to reindustrialize the buildings under the Three Buildings D&D and Recycle Project. 2002: Equipment removal complete and effort shifts to vacuuming, chemical cleaning, scabbling, etc. 2005: Decontamination efforts in K-33 cease. Building left with significant {sup 99}Tc contamination on metal structures and PCB contamination in concrete. Uranium, transuranics, and fission products also present on building shell. 2009: DOE targets Building K-33 for demolition. 2010: ORAU contracted to characterize Building K-33 for final disposition at the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF) in Oak Ridge. ORAU collected 439 samples from May and June. LATA Sharp started removing transite panels in September. 2011: LATA Sharp began demolition in January and expects the last waste shipment to EMWMF in September. Approximately 237,000 m{sup 3} (310,000 yd{sup 3}, bulked) of waste taken to EMWMF in 23,000 truckloads expected by project completion.

  8. Alternative energy sources. IV. Proceedings of the Fourth Miami International Conference, Miami Beach, FL, December 14-16, 1981. Volume 1 - Solar Collectors Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veziroglu, T.N.

    1982-01-01

    Aspects of solar measurements, solar collectors, selective coatings, thermal storage, phase change storage, and heat exchangers are discussed. The analysis and testing of flat-plate solar collectors are addressed. The development and uses of plastic collectors, a solar water heating system, solar energy collecting oil barrels, a glass collector panel, and a two-phase thermosyphon system are considered. Studies of stratification in thermal storage, of packed bed and fluidized bed systems, and of thermal storage in solar towers, in wall passive systems, and in reversible chemical reactions are reported. Phase change storage by direct contact processes and in residential solar space heating and cooling is examined, as are new materials and surface characteristics for solar heat storage. The use of R-11 and Freon-113 in heat exchange is discussed.

  9. CX-002430: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rattlesnake-Garrison Number-1 Wood Pole InstallationCX(s) Applied: B1.13, B4.6, B1.3Date: 05/13/2010Location(s): Missoula County, MontanaOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  10. CX-002529: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Access Road Improvements for Rattlesnake-Garrison Number-1 and Garrison-Anaconda Number-11 Transmission LinesCX(s) Applied: B1.13, B1.3Date: 05/26/2010Location(s): Granite County, Montana Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  11. Secondary production of benthic insects in three cold-desert streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaines, W.L.

    1987-07-01

    Aquatic insect production was studied in three cold-desert streams in eastern Washington (Douglas Creek, Snively Springs, and Rattlesnake Springs). The size-frequency method was applied to individual taxa to estimate total insect production. production was also assessed for functional groups and trophic levels in each stream. Optioservus sp. (riffle beetles) and Baetis sp. (mayflies) accounted for 72% of the total insect numbers and 50% of the total biomass in Douglas Creek. Baetis sp. accounted for 42% of the total insect numbers and 25% of the total biomass in Snively Springs. Simulium sp. (blackflies) and Baetis sp. comprised 74% of the total insect numbers and 55% of the total biomass in Rattlesnake Springs. Grazer-scrapers (49%) and collectors (48%) were the most abundant functional groups in Douglas Creek. Collectors were the most abundant functional group in Snively Springs and Rattlesnake Springs. Herbivores and detritivores were the most abundant trophic level in Snively Springs and Rattlesnake Springs. Dipterans (midges and blackflies) were the most productive taxa within the study streams, accounting for 40% to 70% of the total community production. Production by collectors and detritivores was the highest of all functional groups and trophic levels in all study streams.

  12. Recovery Act Weekly Video: Upper ALE Building Demolition

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2012-06-14

    CH2MHILL Plateau Remediation Company demolition of 6652C Space Science Laboratory. The largest building atop Rattlesnake Mountain, the laboratory served as a nightly radar patrol center as well as a barracks. The Recovery Act funded project is helping reduce the site footprint.

  13. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Florida Power & Light Company |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Florida Power & Light Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Florida Power & Light Company Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Florida Power & Light Company Joined the Challenge: November 2014 Headquarters: Juno Beach, FL Charging Locations: Juno Beach, FL; Jupiter, FL; West Palm Beach, FL; Plantation, FL; Miami, FL; Riviera Beach, FL; Homestead, FL; Jensen Beach, FL Domestic Employees: 8,700 As an early adopter of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs),

  14. CX-000232: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    California City Long BeachCX(s) Applied: A11, B5.1Date: 12/03/2009Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  15. CX-006775: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Florida-City-Deerfield BeachCX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, B5.1Date: 09/09/2011Location(s): Deerfield Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  16. CX-001333: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Boeing Smart Grid Solution (Huntington Beach)CX(s) Applied: A9Date: 03/16/2010Location(s): Huntington Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. EA-1773: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NEOS New Planet BioEnergy, LLC Commercial Scale Integrated Demonstration BioEnergy Center, Vero Beach, Florida

  18. Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Habitat

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Humanity of Palm Beach County, Lake Worth, Florida | Department of Energy Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County, Lake Worth, Florida Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County, Lake Worth, Florida PNNL and Florida Solar Energy Center worked with Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County to upgrade an empty 1996 home with a 14.5 SEER AC, heat pump water heater, CFLs,

  19. ARM - 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting 2005 Meeting 2005 Meeting Home Proceedings Sorted by Author Proceedings Sorted by Title Cover Competition Winners Pictures Meeting Archives ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings Past Science Team Meetings 2005 ARM Science Team Meeting March 14-18 | Daytona Beach, Florida | Hilton Daytona Beach/Ocean Walk Village Meeting Highlights Hilton Daytona Beach Resort at the Ocean Walk Village, Daytona, Florida Hilton Daytona Beach Resort at the Ocean Walk Village, Daytona, Florida The fifteenth

  20. Taney County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bull Creek, Missouri Forsyth, Missouri Hollister, Missouri Kirbyville, Missouri Merriam Woods, Missouri Rockaway Beach, Missouri Saddlebrooke, Missouri Taneyville, Missouri...

  1. Grays Harbor County, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Grays Harbor County, Washington Aberdeen Gardens, Washington Aberdeen, Washington Brady, Washington Central Park, Washington Chehalis Village, Washington Cohassett Beach,...

  2. Pope County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Minnesota Brooten, Minnesota Cyrus, Minnesota Farwell, Minnesota Glenwood, Minnesota Long Beach, Minnesota Lowry, Minnesota Sedan, Minnesota Starbuck, Minnesota Villard,...

  3. Pacific County, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bay Center, Washington Chinook, Washington Ilwaco, Washington Lebam, Washington Long Beach, Washington Naselle, Washington Ocean Park, Washington Raymond, Washington...

  4. International Energy Program Evaluation Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The International Energy Program Evaluation Conference (IEPEC) will be held in Long Beach, California, on Aug. 11-13, 2015.

  5. U.S. Department Of Energy Commends Industry Consortia for Making...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... French electric utility; Entergy Nuclear, Jackson, Mississippi; Exelon Generation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Florida Power & Light Company, Juno Beach, Florida; Progress Energy, ...

  6. Ward Co. Dunn Co. McLean Co. McHenry Co. Mountrail Co. McKenzie Co.

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    WHISKEY JOE WHITE ASH SPRING COULEE DES LACS MAGPIE HARTLAND BEICEGEL CREEK RANCH COULEE WINNER CRAZY MAN CREEK GROS VENTRE BANK W BULLSNAKE UPLAND COULEE REFUGE LARSON GARNET ALKALI CREEK PLUMER RATTLESNAKE POINT ELLSWORTH CHURCH BORDER HANSON GROVER HULSE COULEE SAKAKAWEA AURELIA ROUND TOP BUTTE GORHAM BUTTE W MARMON MANITOU SHEALEY CLAYTON SERGIS N SADDLE BUTTE HAYLAND CEDAR COULEE BOWLINE LITTLE BUTTE LONG CREEK RHOADES HEDBERG FILLMORE EIDSVOLD FAIRFIELD WOLF BAY TOBACCO GARDEN N SPRING

  7. Opportunies for Students | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Education catching alligators collecting microbes recording field data PCR coring trees releasing snapping turtle looking for rattlesnakes SREL offers outstanding research opportunities for students, including state-of-the-art laboratory facilities, nealy 300 square miles of habitat for field research, a wide range of faculty specializations under one roof, and more than 60 years of experience in ecological research. Although SREL is operated by the University of Georgia, students from any

  8. Undergraduate Program | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Undergraduate Program catching alligators collecting microbes recording field data PCR coring trees releasing snapping turtle looking for rattlesnakes SREL offers outstanding research opportunities for students, including state-of-the-art laboratory facilities, nearly 300 square miles of habitat for field research, a wide range of faculty specializations under one roof, and more than 60 years of experience in ecological research. Although SREL is operated by the University of Georgia, students

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - Hanford_Reach_Natl_Monument_300 sq.ppt [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reach National Monument The Hanford Reach National Monument encompasses 300 square miles around the Hanford Site Part of the effort to reduce the active around the Hanford Site. Part of the effort to reduce the active footprint of the site involves cleanup of debris sites on Rattlesnake Mountain and the Fitzner-Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve. The Hanford Reach was protected by Presidential proclamation in 2000 Hanford Reach was protected by Presidential proclamation in 2000. Past military

  10. Pamphlet, Understanding Official Use Only - July 2011 | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth February 7, 2013 - 1:20pm Addthis Smart for Life received a loan from Palm Beach County’s revolving loan fund program to expand its production facility and boost its overall energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of Craig Stephens, Palm Beach County. Smart for Life received a loan from Palm Beach County's revolving loan fund program to expand its production facility and boost its overall

  11. CRC handbook of coastal processes and erosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komar, P.D.

    1983-01-01

    This text includes the following contents: Beach Processes - Erosion - An Introduction. Edge Waves and the Configuration of the Shoreline. Morphodynamics of Beaches and Surf Zones in Australia. The Erosion of Siletz Spit, Oregon. Barrier Islands. Patterns and Prediction of Shoreline Change. Models for Beach Profile Response. Erosion on the Great Lakes Due to Changes in the Water Level. Coastal Erosion in Response to the Construction of Jetties and Breakwaters. Computer Models of Shoreline Changes. Principles of Beach Nourishment. Processes of Sea Cliff and Platform Erosion. Beach Processes and Sea Cliff Erosion in San Diego County, California. Erosion of the United States Shoreline. Index.

  12. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology Snaps Up Virginia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Bowl Championship; Virginia Beach Schools Take 2nd, 3rd Place | Jefferson Lab Snaps Up Virginia Science Bowl Championship; Virginia Beach Schools Take 2nd, 3rd Place Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology Snaps Up Virginia Science Bowl Championship; Virginia Beach Schools Take 2nd, 3rd Place High School Science Bowl 1st Place The Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology team from Alexandria poses with its first-place trophy after the competition.

  13. Environmental Assessments | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessments DOE/EA-1976 Emera CNG, LLC, Compressed Natural Gas Project, Port of Palm Beach, City of Riviera Beach, Palm Beach County, FL Final Environmental Assessment (Oct 2015) Finding of No Significant Impact (Oct 2015) DOE/EA-1616A: National Carbon Capture Center Project at Southern Company Services' Power Systems Development Facility near Wilsonville, AL Final Environmental Assessment (Aug 2014) Finding of No Significant Impact (Aug 2014) DOE/EA-1616: Environmental Assessment for Proposed

  14. ARM - 2005 Science Team Meeting Pictures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting2005 Science Team Meeting Pictures 2005 Meeting 2005 Meeting Home Proceedings Sorted by Author Proceedings Sorted by Title Cover Competition Winners Pictures Meeting Archives ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings Past Science Team Meetings 2005 Science Team Meeting Pictures Daytona Beach teased ARM scientists through hotel windows during the week-long meeting. Daytona Beach teased ARM scientists through hotel windows during the week-long meeting. Seagulls play on the beach. Seagulls play

  15. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - 2005

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Katrina Hurricane Katrina landfall August 25, 2005 near Hallandale Beach, Florida September 20, 2005 September 19, 2005 September 16, 2005 September 15, 2005 September 14, 2005 ...

  16. EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... The EcoCAR teams are: Embry Riddle Aeronautical University (Daytona Beach, FL) Georgia Tech (Atlanta, GA) Michigan Technological University (Houghton, MI) Mississippi State ...

  17. EcoCAR 3 Pushes the Vehicle Efficiency Envelope | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Aeronautical University (Daytona Beach, Fla.), Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, Ga.), McMaster University (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada), Mississippi State University ...

  18. Chambers County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Texas Reliant Baytown Biomass Facility Places in Chambers County, Texas Anahuac, Texas Baytown, Texas Beach City, Texas Cove, Texas Mont Belvieu, Texas Old...

  19. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Computer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... - Department of Mathematical Sciences, Lewis and Clark College Nelson, Edward (Edward ... State University, Long Beach Newell, Alan C. (Alan C. Newell) - Department of ...

  20. Mahoning County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ohio LLC Places in Mahoning County, Ohio Alliance, Ohio Austintown, Ohio Beloit, Ohio Boardman, Ohio Campbell, Ohio Canfield, Ohio Columbiana, Ohio Craig Beach, Ohio Lowellville,...

  1. Galveston County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Texas Clear Lake Shores, Texas Dickinson, Texas Friendswood, Texas Galveston, Texas Hitchcock, Texas Jamaica Beach, Texas Kemah, Texas La Marque, Texas League City, Texas San...

  2. Property:Foaf/Name | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + A AHERC + Tanana River Test Site + Aaronbeach + Aaron Beach + Ajohnson7 + Adam Johnson + Albanian Centre for Energy Regulation and Conservation - ACERC + Albanian Centre...

  3. Affiliated International Management (AIM) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Affiliated International Management (AIM) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Affiliated International Management (AIM) Place: Newport Beach, CA Zip: 92658 Coordinates: 33.6392245,...

  4. Quercus Trust David Gelbaum Private investor | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Quercus Trust David Gelbaum Private investor Jump to: navigation, search Name: Quercus Trust David Gelbaum (Private investor) Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Product:...

  5. EERE Success Story-Department of Energy Delivers on R&D Targets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Iowa; and INEOS in Vero Beach, Florida. Due to DOE's support for these new technological innovations, the Unites States is now able to better harness its abundant natural ...

  6. Bluewater Wind New Jersey | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer NRG Bluewater Wind Location Offshore from Atlantic Beach NJ Coordinates 39.18, -74.14...

  7. Mid-Atlantic Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer NRG Bluewater Wind Location Offshore from Rehoboth Beach DE Coordinates 38.633333,...

  8. North County Regional Resource Biomass Facility | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facility Facility North County Regional Resource Sector Biomass Facility Type Municipal Solid Waste Location Palm Beach County, Florida Coordinates 26.6514503, -80.2767327 Show...

  9. Barry County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Point, Missouri Butterfield, Missouri Cassville, Missouri Chain-O-Lakes, Missouri Emerald Beach, Missouri Exeter, Missouri Monett, Missouri Purdy, Missouri Seligman, Missouri...

  10. Carteret County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bogue, North Carolina Cape Carteret, North Carolina Cedar Point, North Carolina Emerald Isle, North Carolina Harkers Island, North Carolina Indian Beach, North Carolina...

  11. CEE Winter Program Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is hosting their Winter Program Meeting, a two-day conference held in Long Beach, California.

  12. CX-012816: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rogue-Gold Beach Access Road Improvement CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41890 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  13. Cyclone Power Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Technologies Inc Place: Pompano Beach, Florida Zip: 33064 Product: Florida-based research and development company. The Company holds exclusive commercial rights to the...

  14. Hydrogen for Energy Storage Analysis Overview (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D. M.; Ramsden, T.; Harrison, K.

    2010-06-01

    Overview of hydrogen for energy storage analysis presented at the National Hydrogen Association Conference & Expo, May 3-6, 2010, Long Beach, CA.

  15. Energy 5 0 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy 5.0 Place: West Palm Beach, Florida Zip: FL 33401 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Florida head-quartered company that developes,...

  16. Lincoln County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon Depoe Bay, Oregon Lincoln Beach, Oregon Lincoln City, Oregon Newport, Oregon Rose Lodge, Oregon Siletz, Oregon Toledo, Oregon Waldport, Oregon Yachats, Oregon Retrieved...

  17. Lake County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Chicago, Illinois Old Mill Creek, Illinois Palatine, Illinois Park City, Illinois Port Barrington, Illinois Riverwoods, Illinois Round Lake Beach, Illinois Round Lake...

  18. Volusia County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ormond Beach, Florida Ormond-By-The-Sea, Florida Pierson, Florida Ponce Inlet, Florida Port Orange, Florida Samsula-Spruce Creek, Florida South Daytona, Florida West De Land,...

  19. St. Clair County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marine City, Michigan Marysville, Michigan Memphis, Michigan Pearl Beach, Michigan Port Huron, Michigan Richmond, Michigan St. Clair, Michigan Yale, Michigan Retrieved from...

  20. Brevard County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Island, Florida Micco, Florida Mims, Florida Palm Bay, Florida Palm Shores, Florida Port St. John, Florida Rockledge, Florida Satellite Beach, Florida Sharpes, Florida South...

  1. Case Study - The Challenge: Improving the Performance of a Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This case study examines how the City of Long Beach, California, was able to improve the operational efficiency of its Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF), a recycling and ...

  2. Tillamook County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon Oceanside, Oregon Pacific City, Oregon Rockaway Beach, Oregon Tillamook, Oregon Wheeler, Oregon Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTillamookCounty,Oreg...

  3. EA-1773: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Commerical Scale Integrated Demonstration BioEnergy Center, Vero Beach, Florida The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a draft Environmental Assessment (EA) to analyze...

  4. Kitson Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Kitson & Partners Place: Palm Beach Gardens, Florida Zip: 33418 Product: Private residential and commercial real estate investment and development company based in...

  5. Property:Owner | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach Wind Farm + NAEEnel North America + Agriwind Wind Farm + John Deere Wind + Agua Caliente Solar Project + First Solar + Ahuachapan Geothermal Power Plant + LaGeo SA de...

  6. Property:FacilityType | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + Agriwind Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + Agua Caliente Solar Power Plant + Photovoltaic + Agua Caliente Solar Project + Utility scale...

  7. OFF VUF-2700 FINAL REPORT VELA UNIFORM PROJECT SPONSORED BY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Federal Aviation Agency Los Angeles, California Geo Technical Corporation Garland, Texas ... Space Technology Laboratories, Inc. Redondo Beach Park, California Texas Inet.rumente , ...

  8. Calgren Renewable Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Fuels LLC Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Product: Developer of bio-ethanol plants in US, particularly California. References: Calgren Renewable Fuels...

  9. Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lighting, will be about 760, meaning the upgrades will pay for themselves in ... Upfront Costs to Save Energy Smart for Life received a loan from Palm Beach County's ...

  10. Biomass Resources Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biomass Resources Corporation Place: West Palm Beach, Florida Zip: 33401 Product: The Company has established a unique...

  11. Atlas Solar Innovations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Innovations Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Atlas Solar Innovations Name: Atlas Solar Innovations Address: 2640 NW 15th Court Place: Pompano Beach, Florida Zip: 33069 Sector:...

  12. Climatic Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climatic Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climatic Solar Name: Climatic Solar Address: 650 2nd Lane Place: Vero Beach, Florida Zip: 32962 Sector: Solar Product: solar energy...

  13. News Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Yesterday, the Department of Energy's Office of Enforcement issued a subpoena to Richard Graham of Long Beach, California seeking water efficiency information and sales...

  14. Marine Hydroelectric Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Marine Hydroelectric Company Address: 24040 Camino Del Avion A 107 Place: Monarch Beach Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Year Founded: 1983 Phone...

  15. Sharp Electronics Corporation USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electronics Corporation USA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sharp Electronics Corporation (USA) Place: Huntington Beach, California Zip: 92647 Product: North American division of...

  16. Berrien County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Berrien Springs, Michigan Bridgman, Michigan Buchanan, Michigan Coloma, Michigan Eau Claire, Michigan Fair Plain, Michigan Galien, Michigan Grand Beach, Michigan Lake...

  17. Sussex County, Delaware: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delaware Long Neck, Delaware Milford, Delaware Millsboro, Delaware Millville, Delaware Milton, Delaware Ocean View, Delaware Rehoboth Beach, Delaware Seaford, Delaware Selbyville,...

  18. Recovery Act State Memos California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... a potential funding recipient, which begins the process of negotiating an agreement. ... Beach, Ontario, Oxnard, Fontana, Moreno Valley, Rancho Cucamonga, Santa Clarita, ...

  19. Ocean County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Jersey Manahawkin, New Jersey Mantoloking, New Jersey Mystic Island, New Jersey New Egypt, New Jersey North Beach Haven, New Jersey Ocean Acres, New Jersey Ocean Gate, New...

  20. Electronic dispersion from long-range atomic ordering and periodic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    International Symposium and Exhibition held October 27 - November 1, 2013 in Long Beach , CA.; Related Information: Proposed for presentation at the AVS 60th International ...

  1. Re-evaluating Network Onload vs. Offload for the Many-Core Era...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Proposed for presentation at the International Conference On Supercomputing held June 8-11, 2015 in Newport Beach, ...

  2. Clatsop County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    4 Climate Zone Subtype C. Energy Generation Facilities in Clatsop County, Oregon Wauna Mill Biomass Facility Places in Clatsop County, Oregon Astoria, Oregon Cannon Beach, Oregon...

  3. Lone Star Transmission LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transmission LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lone Star Transmission LLC Place: Juno Beach, Florida Zip: 33408 Product: Wholly owned subsidiary of FPL Energy, developing...

  4. AE Biofuels Inc formerly Marwich II Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marwich II Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly Marwich II Ltd.) Place: West Palm Beach, Florida Zip: 33414 Sector: Biofuels Product: Marwich II, Ltd....

  5. EECBG Success Story: New Sustainability Manager Delivers Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EECBG Success Story: Ormond Beach Triples Energy Cost Savings Projections Ajani Stewart was close to losing his job as environmental coordinator for the city of Miami before...

  6. CE2 Capital Partners LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Partners LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: CE2 Capital Partners LLC Place: Solana Beach, California Zip: 92075 Sector: Carbon, Renewable Energy Product:...

  7. Bannockburn Capital LTD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bannockburn Capital LTD Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bannockburn Capital, LTD. Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92657 Sector: Carbon, Renewable Energy Product: String...

  8. 808 Investments LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    8 Investments LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: 808 Investments LLC Place: Huntington Beach, California Zip: 92649 Sector: Solar Product: California-based boutique investment...

  9. bib-neural | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Bend Power Station Neural Network-Intelligent Sootblower (NN-ISB) Optimization - Project Brief PDF-154KB Tampa Electric Company, Apollo Beach, Hillsborough County, FL PROJECT...

  10. PRESS RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: PATRICK A. WESTOVER HONORED...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A. Westover of Savannah River National Laboratory was awarded the American Glovebox Society (AGS) Keystone Award at the 2014 AGS Annual Conference held in Miami Beach, Florida....

  11. LaPorte County, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingsbury, Indiana Kingsford Heights, Indiana La Crosse, Indiana La Porte, Indiana Long Beach, Indiana Michiana Shores, Indiana Michigan City, Indiana Pottawattamie Park,...

  12. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Horizon Spirit, a commercial cargo ship operated by Horizon Lines, traversing between Long Beach, Calif., and Honolulu, Hawaii. During approximately 25 round trips between...

  13. Los Angeles | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Home Los Angeles Los Angeles NNSA to Participate in Aerial Radiation Training Exercise Long Beach, CA Areas The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Aerial Measuring...

  14. Sterling Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sterling Energy Place: Capistrano Beach, California Zip: 92624 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: String representation "Sterling...

  15. DOE/EA-1976 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE EMERA CNG...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Safety and Manatee Protection Zones. Available at: http:www.co.palm- beach.fl.usermcoastalmanateespdf201104FINDPBCManateeAndSafetyZoneBrochure.pdf. Accessed October...

  16. COMP-1h.EPS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ballpoint pens Bandages Beach umbrellas Boats Cameras Candles Candies and gum Car battery cases Car enamel Cassettes Caulking CDscomputer disks Cellular phones Clothesline Coffee ...

  17. Equinox Carbon Equities LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Equinox Carbon Equities LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Equinox Carbon Equities, LLC Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Sector: Carbon Product: Investment firm...

  18. PERFORMANCE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jee Choi Kent Czechowski Cong Hou Chris McClanahan David S. Noble, Jr. Richard (Rich) Vuduc Salishan Conference on High-Speed Computing Gleneden Beach, Oregon -...

  19. Sequoia Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Sequoia Solar, Inc. Place: Solana Beach, California Zip: 92075 Sector: Solar Product: California-based installer of solar plants. References: Sequoia Solar,...

  20. Baldwin County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bay Minette, Alabama Daphne, Alabama Elberta, Alabama Fairhope, Alabama Foley, Alabama Gulf Shores, Alabama Loxley, Alabama Magnolia Springs, Alabama Orange Beach, Alabama Point...

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - 2005

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Katrina Hurricane Katrina landfall August 25, 2005 near Hallandale Beach, Florida September 20, 2005 September 19, 2005 September 16, 2005 September 15, 2005 September 14, 2005...

  2. St. Mary's County, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in St. Mary's County, Maryland California, Maryland Charlotte Hall, Maryland Golden Beach, Maryland Leonardtown, Maryland Lexington Park, Maryland...

  3. Marin County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    California Mill Valley, California Muir Beach, California Novato, California Point Reyes Station, California Ross, California San Anselmo, California San Geronimo, California...

  4. Text | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Property:Description of Beach Property:Description of Camera Types Property:Did The Test Results Demonstrate Projected Performance? E Property:EZFeedJurisdictionDesc...

  5. Hydrogen Ventures | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Hydrogen Ventures Name: Hydrogen Ventures Address: 1219 N. Studabaker Road Place: Long Beach, California Zip: 90811 Region: Southern CA...

  6. Apollo Energy Systems Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Apollo Energy Systems Inc Place: Pompano Beach, Florida Zip: FLA 33069 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy Product: Apollo Energy Systems is a developer, producer, marketor...

  7. EIS-0285-SA-134: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    System Vegetation Management Program Vegetation Management for the Bandon-Rogue-Gold Beach transmission line corridor. This corridor includes the Bandon-Rogue 1 115...

  8. Renewable Spirits LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spirits LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Spirits LLC Place: Delray Beach, Florida Zip: 33446 Product: Focused on developing citrus waste into ethanol. References:...

  9. Richland Operations Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ESO~Richland, Washington 99352 August 4, 2009 Certified Mail Mr. Thomas Zeilman Law Office of Thomas Zeilamn P.O. Box 34 Yakima, Washington 98907 Dear Mr. Zeilman: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUEST (FOI 2009-0041) You requested, pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act (FOJA), documents regarding any decisions made by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to prohibit hunting or trapping of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd within the Fitzner-Eberhart Arid Lands Ecology Reserve at the Hanford

  10. Richland Operations Office

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    E Richland, Washington 99352 Certified Mail Mr. Thomas Zeilman Law Office of Thomas Zeilamn JUN 1 5 2009 P.O. Box 34 Yakima, Washington 98907 Dear Mr. Zeilman: FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REQUEST (FOI 2009-0041) You requested, pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act (FOJA), documents regarding any decisions made by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to prohibit hunting or trapping of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd within the Fitzner-Eberhart Arid Lands Ecology Reserve at the Hanford Reach

  11. Hanford ARRA News - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Recovery Act of 2009 Hanford ARRA News Recovery Act of 2009 Hanford ARRA News Hanford ARRA News Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size 2010 July 26, 2010 K East Reactor Stack Taken Down (PDF) DOE and contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company used Recovery Act funding to take down the stack of the K East Reactor using explosives on July 23, 2010. July 21, 2010 Helicopter Removes Aging Truck From Steep Rattlesnake Ravine (PDF) A Sikorsky S-64

  12. NEAMS-Funded University Research in Support of TREAT Modeling and Simulation, FY15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dehart, Mark; Mausolff, Zander; Goluoglu, Sedat; Prince, Zach; Ragusa, Jean; Haugen, Carl; Ellis, Matt; Forget, Benoit; Smith, Kord; Alberti, Anthony; Palmer, Todd

    2015-09-01

    This report summarizes university research activities performed in support of TREAT modeling and simulation research. It is a compilation of annual research reports from four universities: University of Florida, Texas A&M University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Oregon State University. The general research topics are, respectively, (1) 3-D time-dependent transport with TDKENO/KENO-VI, (2) implementation of the Improved Quasi-Static method in Rattlesnake/MOOSE for time-dependent radiation transport approximations, (3) improved treatment of neutron physics representations within TREAT using OpenMC, and (4) steady state modeling of the minimum critical core of the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT).

  13. Similarities in shoreline response to Late Holocene lake-level variations in Lake Michigan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, T.A.; Baedke, S.J. )

    1992-01-01

    Beach ridges dating back to 2600 B.P. occur in embayments throughout Lake Michigan. Similarities in their geomorphic development are interpreted to be the product of three scales of lake-level variation. The largest of these embayments is roughly coincident with the Indiana shore of Lake Michigan known as the Toleston Beach. In the western part of the Toleston Beach, more than 150 beach ridges have formed in response to short-term variations in lake level occurring at a quasi-periodic interval of about 30 years. Bundles of five of these ridges merge eastward to form higher relief beach ridges that record an intermediate-term lake-level variation of about 150 years. Both the 30-year and 150-year lake-level events are superimposed on a longer term lake-level variation of about 600 years. Beach-ridge development in northern Lake Michigan reflects a similar response to late Holocene lake-level variations. For example, the southern embayment of the Platte Bay Unit of the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore also contains a series of beach ridges that record three scales of lake-level variation. In this area, most of the beach ridges formed between 2600 and 1200 B.P., with individual ridges forming about every 29 years. Also recorded in this embayment are the time equivalent groupings of beach ridges every 150 and 600 years. Although embayments containing beach ridges in Lake Michigan may record different short-term lake-level variations in response to local depositional conditions within the embayment, the 150-year and 600-year variations appear to be represented throughout the lake. Relative lake-level curves for the Toleston Beach and the Platte Bay embayment are displaced by approximately 1.5 m. This displacement is accounted for under current models of isostasy for Lake Michigan.

  14. CX-005705: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida-City-Boynton BeachCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1Date: 04/13/2011Location(s): Boynton Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  15. CX-001733: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Virginia Beach Wind Turbine Demonstration ProjectCX(s) Applied: B3.6, A9, A11, B5.1Date: 04/22/2010Location(s): Virginia Beach, VirginiaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  16. CX-006924: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida-City-Delray BeachCX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B2.5, B5.1Date: 10/13/2011Location(s): Delray Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. CX-006310: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida-City-Pompano BeachCX(s) Applied: A1, B1.32, B2.5, B5.1Date: 07/28/2011Location(s): Pompano Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  18. CX-006568: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Florida-City-West Palm BeachCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B1.32, B2.5, B5.1Date: 08/25/2011Location(s): West Palm Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  19. Shrub-Steppe Seasons A Natural History of the Mid-Columbia Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LE Rogers

    1995-08-01

    This book collects and updates a series of articles about the natural history of the Mid-Columbia region. The articles first appeared as a monthly column titled ''Natural History'' in the Tri-City Herald, beginning in May 1991. My approach has been to condense the best of what is known about the ecology of the region to a manageable length with little in the way of technical language and terms. Admittedly, there is a bias toward those topics and species on which I have either been personally involved or observed as part of the ecology research programs conducted on the Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology (ALE) Reserve. The ALE Reserve is situated on the northeast-facing flank of the Rattlesnake Hills. Rattlesnake Mountain with a crest of over 3,600 feet is visible throughout much of the Mid-Columbia. Shrub-steppe grasslands once covered a large part of the western United States but most have been converted to other uses. The ALE site is the only remaining sizeable acreage (120 square miles) that is in near pristine condition and provides the only clear indication as to what the early trappers, traders, pioneers, and tribal members may have encountered in their day-to-day activities. In this respect, ALE provides a visible touchstone linking the past with the present for all of us.

  20. Shoreline, grain-size, and total-carbon distribution changes before and after Hurricane Alicia, Galveston Island, Texas, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothammer, C.M.; Morrison, L.R.; Warkentin, S.L.

    1985-02-01

    Shoreline, grain-size, and sediment total-carbon changes were monitored, on a monthly basis, on three Galveston Island beaches, from January through December 1983. The study area included: (1) East Beach, obstructed by groins and a seawall; (2) Galveston Island State Park, obstructed by fences artificially stabilizing the dunes; and (3) West Beach, an unobstructed beach. Beach profiles revealed the effects of beach obstruction, such as erosion and undercutting at East Beach, and truncation of the dunes at Galveston Island State Park. Approximately 20 m of expansional cutback occurred on the beaches after Hurricane Alicia hit on August 18, 1983. Contour maps of grain-size and total-carbon distributions reflect the movement of beach sand by either onshore-offshore transport during low-energy periods, or longshore, edge-wave transport during high-energy periods. Statistical analyses revealed a small variation in grain size throughout the year. There were well-defined times of either no correlation or strong correlation between total carbon vs. mean grain size, skewness vs. mean grain size, kurtosis vs. mean grain size, skewness vs. mean grain size, kurtosis vs. mean grain size, total carbon vs. percent sand, total carbon vs. skewness, and skewness vs. kurtosis. Strong correlation was found in response to high-energy events, whereas no correlation was found in response to low-energy events. Galveston Island is undergoing net erosion and appears to be in a metastable state, still capable of responding to oceanographic conditions. The economic effects of Hurricane Alicia include considerable loss of the shoreline and destruction of property. Beach nourishment appears to be the only economically feasible solution to counteract the extensive erosion.

  1. Survey of strong motion earthquake effects on thermal power plants in California with emphasis on piping systems. Volume 2, Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevenson, J.D.

    1995-11-01

    Volume 2 of the ``Survey of Strong Motion Earthquake Effects on Thermal Power Plants in California with Emphasis on Piping Systems`` contains Appendices which detail the detail design and seismic response of several power plants subjected to strong motion earthquakes. The particular plants considered include the Ormond Beach, Long Beach and Seal Beach, Burbank, El Centro, Glendale, Humboldt Bay, Kem Valley, Pasadena and Valley power plants. Included is a typical power plant piping specification and photographs of typical power plant piping specification and photographs of typical piping and support installations for the plants surveyed. Detailed piping support spacing data are also included.

  2. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 8, 2012 [Facility News] Near Miss at Barrow Due to Beach Erosion Bookmark and Share With a little help from his friends, Walter Brower (hidden by the ECOR) moves the system away from the ocean's edge as an early September storm pounds away at the beach. With a little help from his friends, Walter Brower (hidden by the ECOR) moves the system away from the ocean's edge as an early September storm pounds away at the beach. On a stormy Friday evening in early September, Walter Brower

  3. Revegetation Plan for Areas of the Fitzner-Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve Affected by Decommissioning of Buildings and Infrastructure and Debris Clean-up Actions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Downs, Janelle L.; Durham, Robin E.; Larson, Kyle B.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office is working to remove a number of facilities on the Fitzner Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve (ALE), which is part of the Hanford Reach National Monument. Decommissioning and removal of buildings and debris on ALE will leave bare soils and excavated areas that need to be revegetated to prevent erosion and weed invasion. Four main areas within ALE are affected by these activities (DOE 2009;DOE/EA-1660F): 1) facilities along the ridgeline of Rattlesnake Mountain, 2) the former Nike missile base and ALE HQ laboratory buildings, 3) the aquatic research laboratory at Rattlesnake Springs area, and 4) a number of small sites across ALE where various types of debris remain from previous uses. This revegetation plan addresses the revegetation and restoration of those land areas disturbed by decommissioning and removal of buildings, facilities and associated infrastructure or debris removal. The primary objective of the revegetation efforts on ALE is to establish native vegetation at each of the sites that will enhance and accelerate the recovery of the native plant community that naturally persists at that location. Revegetation is intended to meet the direction specified by the Environmental Assessment (DOE 2009; DOE/EA-1660F) and by Stipulation C.7 of the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the Rattlesnake Mountain Combined Community Communication Facility and InfrastructureCleanup on the Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology Reserve, Hanford Site, Richland Washington(DOE 2009; Appendix B). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under contract with CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CPRC) and in consultation with the tribes and DOE-RL developed a site-specific strategy for each of the revegetation units identified within this document. The strategy and implementation approach for each revegetation unit identifies an appropriate native species mix and outlines the necessary site preparation activities and specific methods for seeding and planting at each area. evegetation work is scheduled to commence during the first quarter of FY 2011 to minimize the amount of time that sites are unvegetated and more susceptible to invasion by non-native weedy annual species.

  4. Mississippi State University Wins DOE and GM Challenge X 2008...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... The following teams have been selected to compete in the EcoCAR competition: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University-Daytona Beach, Fla.; Georgia Tech -Atlanta, Ga.; Howard University ...

  5. November 2014 National Idling Reduction Network News | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... West Palm Beach, Florida, now limits the idling of city utility vehicles to 5 minutes or less. According to the City, the policy will save tens of thousands of dollars each year. ...

  6. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8, 2004 (Next Release on August 4, 2004) A Big Wave or the Beginning of High Tide? Many Americans vacationing at the beach this week may be watching that first big wave as it...

  7. Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop (held in Long Beach, CA, on July 25, 2012), academic and industry experts discussed the existing and emerging electrotechnologies such as microwave ...

  8. DOE Subpoenas Maker of Super Power Showerhead

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Yesterday, the Department of Energy’s Office of Enforcement issued a subpoena to Richard Graham of Long Beach, California seeking water efficiency information and sales records for the “Super Power...

  9. Lifecycle Cost and GHG Implications of a Hydrogen Energy Storage Scenario (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D. M.

    2010-05-01

    Overview of life cycle cost and green house gas implications of a hydrogen energy storage scenario presented at the National Hydrogen Association Conference & Expo, Long Beach, CA, May 3-6, 2010

  10. 1,"Elm Road Generating Station","Coal","Wisconsin Electric Power...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wisconsin" ,"Plant","Primary energy source","Operating company","Net summer capacity (MW)" 1,"Elm Road Generating Station","Coal","Wisconsin Electric Power Co",1268 2,"Point Beach ...

  11. CX-005997: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energize Missouri Homes - RuttCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 05/26/2011Location(s): Sunrise Beach, MissouriOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  12. File:BOEMRE platforms.leases.longbeach.map.5.2010.pdf | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    platforms.leases.longbeach.map.5.2010.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Federal Leases in Pacific Ocean, near Long Beach Size of this preview: 463 599...

  13. Energy 5 0 LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy 5.0 LLC Place: West Palm Beach, Florida Zip: FL 33401 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: String representation "Energy 5.0 deve ... ven...

  14. Solaren Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach, California Zip: 90266 Sector: Solar Product: Southern California-based stealth start-up company that intends to develop a project to beam solar power to Earth from...

  15. EECBG Success Story: Grant Improves Comfort for Nevada City's...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Delray Beach Ajani Stewart was close to losing his job as environmental coordinator for the city of Miami before a change to the city's EECBG allowed Stewart to retain his ...

  16. EIS-0259: Disposal of Decommissioned, Defueled Cruiser, Ohio Class and Los Angeles Class Naval Reactor Plants, Hanford Site, Richland (adopted from Navy)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes the alternate ways for disposing of decommissioned, defieled reactor compliments from U.S. Navy nuclear-powered cruisers, (Bainbridge, Truxtun, Long Beach, California Class and Virginia Class) and Los Angeles Class, and Ohio Class submarines.

  17. Florida Power and Light Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Light Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Florida Power and Light Company Place: Juno Beach, Florida Zip: 33408 Product: US utility serving 4.4 million customers in...

  18. DOE Tour of Zero: The EXIT-0 House by John Hubert Associates...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EXIT-0 House by John Hubert Associates DOE Tour of Zero: The EXIT-0 House by John Hubert Associates Addthis 1 of 22 John Hubert Associates' modern take on the traditional beach...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    unknown to the public. One of the first steps in producing silicon is a process called carbon-thermic reduction. Silicon dioxide (SiO2) that is found in beach sand and quartz is...

  20. CX-005288: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State Energy Program - Renewable Energy IncentivesCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 02/22/2011Location(s): Rehoboth Beach, DelawareOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  1. China Nuvo Solar Energy Inc formerly Nuvo Solar Energy Inc |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuvo Solar Energy Inc formerly Nuvo Solar Energy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Nuvo Solar Energy Inc (formerly Nuvo Solar Energy Inc) Place: West Palm Beach, Florida...

  2. Microsoft Word - mountain building lesson-new.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Running water is a major cause of erosion. Stones carried with a river's current scour and abrade the banks and beds. Ocean waves and currents erode rocky cliffs and sandy beaches, ...

  3. Thomas Jefferson High School for Science & Technology Snaps Up...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Beach Schools Take 2nd, 3rd Place High School Science Bowl 1st Place The Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology team from Alexandria poses with its first-place...

  4. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in producing silicon is a process called carbon-thermic reduction. Silicon dioxide (SiO2) that is found in beach sand and quartz is melted down in a caldron at a temperature of...

  5. CX-003972: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Municipal Energy Efficiency RetrofitsCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 09/21/2010Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  6. Property:Wave Direction | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wave Basin + Uni-Directional + Lakefront Tow Tank + Uni-Directional + Los Angeles and Long Beach Harbors Model + Uni-Directional + M MHL 2D WindWave + Uni-Directional + MHL...

  7. Property:Number of channels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hinsdale Wave Basin 1 + Up to 192 + Hinsdale Wave Basin 2 + Up to 192 + L Los Angeles and Long Beach Harbors Model + 30 + M MHL 2D WindWave + 16 + MHL Free Surface Channel + 16 +...

  8. Public Utility District No 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    https:www.facebook.compagesPacific-County-PUD-2278779105479255 Outage Hotline: Long BeachIlwacoChinook: (877) 602-6465 or RaymondSouth BendNaselle: (877) 204-6181...

  9. CX-005624: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Evaluating and Commercializing a Solvent Based Enhanced Oil Recovery TechnologyCX(s) Applied: B5.12Date: 04/13/2011Location(s): Huntington Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  10. LEDs on Semipolar Bulk GaN Substrate with IQE > 80% at 150 A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Communications: Results from this program have been presented in the following workshops: * DOE Solid State Lighting R&D Workshop, Jan 29 - 31, 2013, Long Beach, CA (both Oral and ...

  11. UbiQD Named Top High-Growth Company and Job Creator in Northern...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... at the Annual Quantum Dots Forum in Newport Beach, California, organized by Smithers Apex. ... Visit www.RDCNM.org. About Smithers Apex Smithers Apex is a global business that provides ...

  12. CX-003803: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Autonomous Inspection of Subsea FacilitiesCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 09/08/2010Location(s): Riviera Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  13. Gulf Stream, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Gulf Stream is a town in Palm Beach County, Florida. It falls under Florida's 22nd...

  14. NREL: Technology Deployment - Disaster Resiliency and Recovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Greensburg, Kansas Image of a damaged and crumbling house on a beach. New JerseyNew York Image of Warren Easton Senior High School with a set of solar panels on the roof. New ...

  15. Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Village Waikiki Beach Resort: SEP Silver Certified (8.4 percent verified reduction over 3 years) Hilton Union Square San Francisco: SEP Silver Certified (6.3 percent verified ...

  16. RAPID/Roadmap/13-TX-a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    15.3(d)). Note: Under the Beach Dune Rules Sec. 15.3(s)(2)(a) the exploration for and production of oil and gas is exempted from the Dune Protection permit requirement. If the...

  17. Blog Archive

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    operty"content:encoded" class"field-item odd">

    Check out the latest STEM Mentoring Cafe in West Palm Beach, Florida held on July 29, 2015. The American Association of Blacks...

  18. Diatom Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beach, California Zip: 92651 Sector: Carbon Product: Focused on carbon credit trading business. References: Diatom Corp1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  19. Renewable Resources for Hydrogen (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.

    2010-05-03

    This presentation provides an overview of renewable resources for hydrogen. It was presented at the National Hydrogen Association Hydrogen Conference & Expo in Long Beach, CA, May 3-6, 2010.

  20. Curry County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Subtype C. Places in Curry County, Oregon Brookings, Oregon Gold Beach, Oregon Harbor, Oregon Port Orford, Oregon Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

  1. Hopper (Phase 1) Prepares NERSC for Petascale Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mantle is not well understood. "Say you're standing on a beach, looking out over the ocean. The sand under your feet is made of quartz, a form of silica containing one silicon...

  2. How the Weatherization Assistance Program Changed Jasmine's Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Palm Beach County Sees Energy-Smart Economic Growth Cape Coral Youth Center Manager Mark Cagel stands in front of a tamper-proof thermostat at the Austen Youth Center in Cape ...

  3. Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PNNL and Florida Solar Energy Center worked with Habitat for Humanity of Palm Beach County to upgrade an empty 1996 home with a 14.5 SEER AC, heat pump water heater, CFLs, more ...

  4. Depositional and erosional coastal processes during the late postglacial sea-level rise: An example from the central Tyrrhenian continental shelf (Italy)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tortora, P.

    1996-03-01

    A transgressive systems tract (TST) deposit on the inner continental shelf of the south Tuscany region (central Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) formed during the last postglacial sea-level rise. Its small-scale stratigraphy has been detailed using high-resolution seismic profiles, gravity cores, and grab samples. The TST deposit overlies a lowstand unconformity, shows a tabular geometry, and comprises three internal architectures of beach facies. Because the lateral distribution of these vertical successions is not random, but parallel to the coast, each architecture represents an individual sedimentary stage during sea-level rise. However, all architectures were formed via shoreface retreat in response to the landward migration of a beach complex over the unconformity. During this migration the beach system was characterized by a source diastem located in the surf zone and by two sediment dispersal systems. One moved the eroded sand over the flat back-barrier palustrine area by storm washover, while the other transported part of this sand to the lower shoreface, forming a reworked sand sheet above the older and inactive source diastem (ravinement surface). The TST architectures originated from a transgressive succession of beach facies, differentiated according to the intensity of shoreface retreat. Architecture A represents a low preservation potential of the original beach complex, Architecture B relatively high preservation, and Architecture C no preservation. The intensity of erosion and the consequent preservation potential were totally controlled by antecedent topography.

  5. Exploring Stratocumulus Cloud-Top Entrainment Processes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Exploring STEM in Florida Exploring STEM in Florida August 24, 2015 - 10:18am Addthis A Mentoring Table at the West Palm Beach STEM Cafe A Mentoring Table at the West Palm Beach STEM Cafe Crossposted from the South Florida Science Center and Aquarium Blog on 8.19.2015 Combine an awesome group of students, scientists, coffee and plenty of inspiration and you'll have the necessary ingredients that made our inaugural STEM Mentoring Café a great success! The STEM Mentoring Café is run in

  6. Electronic dispersion from long-range atomic ordering and periodic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    potentials in two overlapping graphene sheets. (Conference) | SciTech Connect 10-01 OSTI Identifier: 1115498 Report Number(s): SAND2013-9152C 479790 DOE Contract Number: AC04-94AL85000 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: AVS 60th International Symposium and Exhibition held October 27 - November 1, 2013 in Long Beach , CA.; Related Information: Proposed for presentation at the AVS 60th International Symposium and Exhibition held October 27 - November 1, 2013 in Long Beach

  7. Exploring STEM in Florida | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exploring STEM in Florida Exploring STEM in Florida August 24, 2015 - 10:18am Addthis A Mentoring Table at the West Palm Beach STEM Cafe A Mentoring Table at the West Palm Beach STEM Cafe Crossposted from the South Florida Science Center and Aquarium Blog on 8.19.2015 Combine an awesome group of students, scientists, coffee and plenty of inspiration and you'll have the necessary ingredients that made our inaugural STEM Mentoring Café a great success! The STEM Mentoring Café is run in

  8. Mayor Muoio Announces Bigger Energy-Saving Goal and New Efficiency Upgrades

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Mayor Muoio Announces Bigger Energy-Saving Goal and New Efficiency Upgrades Mayor Muoio Announces Bigger Energy-Saving Goal and New Efficiency Upgrades February 24, 2016 - 9:25am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. - As part of the Obama Administration's efforts to cut energy waste in the nation's buildings, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today recognized the city of West Palm Beach for their leadership in improving

  9. Wisconsin Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wisconsin nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Kewaunee Unit 1",566,"4,990",37.6,"Dominion Energy Kewaunee Inc." "Point Beach Nuclear Plant Unit 1, Unit 2","1,018","8,291",62.4,"NextEra Energy Point Beach

  10. Biological assessment of the effects of construction and operation of adepleted uranium hexafluoride conversion facility at the Portsmouth, Ohio,site.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Lonkhuyzen, R.

    2005-09-09

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) Management Program evaluated alternatives for managing its inventory of DUF{sub 6} and issued the ''Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride'' (DUF{sub 6} PEIS) in April 1999 (DOE 1999). The DUF{sub 6} inventory is stored in cylinders at three DOE sites: Paducah, Kentucky; Portsmouth, Ohio; and East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), near Oak Ridge, Tennessee. In the Record of Decision for the DUF{sub 6} PEIS, DOE stated its decision to promptly convert the DUF{sub 6} inventory to a more stable chemical form. Subsequently, the U.S. Congress passed, and the President signed, the ''2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States'' (Public Law No. 107-206). This law stipulated in part that, within 30 days of enactment, DOE must award a contract for the design, construction, and operation of a DUF{sub 6} conversion plant at the Department's Paducah, Kentucky, and Portsmouth, Ohio, sites, and for the shipment of DUF{sub 6} cylinders stored at ETTP to the Portsmouth site for conversion. This biological assessment (BA) has been prepared by DOE, pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and the Endangered Species Act of 1974, to evaluate potential impacts to federally listed species from the construction and operation of a conversion facility at the DOE Portsmouth site. The Indiana bat is known to occur in the area of the Portsmouth site and may potentially occur on the site during spring or summer. Evaluations of the Portsmouth site indicated that most of the site was found to have poor summer habitat for the Indiana bat because of the small size, isolation, and insufficient maturity of the few woodlands on the site. Potential summer habitat for the Indiana bat was identified outside the developed area bounded by Perimeter Road, within the corridors along Little Beaver Creek, the Northwest Tributary stream, and a wooded area east of the X-100 facility. However, no Indiana bats were collected during surveys of these areas in 1994 and 1996. Locations A, B, and C do not support suitable habitat for the Indiana bat and would be unlikely to be used by Indiana bats. Indiana bat habitat also does not occur at Proposed Areas 1 and 2. Although Locations A and C contain small wooded areas, the small size and lack of suitable maturity of these areas indicate that they would provide poor habitat for Indiana bats. Trees that may be removed during construction would not be expected to be used for summer roosting by Indiana bats. Disturbance of Indiana bats potentially roosting or foraging in the vicinity of the facility during operations would be very unlikely, and any disturbance would be expected to be negligible. On the basis of these considerations, DOE concludes that the proposed action is not likely to adversely affect the Indiana bat. No critical habitat exists for this species in the action area. Although the timber rattlesnake occurs in the vicinity of the Portsmouth site, it has not been observed on the site. In addition, habitat for the timber rattlesnake is not present on the Portsmouth site. Therefore, DOE concludes that the proposed action would not affect the timber rattlesnake.

  11. COP 21: Bringing A Clean Energy Paradise to Paris

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    West Palm Beach, FL, is an American city leading the way in energy efficiency as a partner in the Energy Department's Better Buildings Challenge. Mayor Jeri Muoio is at the COP 21 conference in Paris to discuss her city's success in planning and achieving significant reductions in energy use.

  12. CX-004793: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Rehoboth Beach Convention Center White Roof and Insulation ProjectCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 12/22/2010Location(s): Rehoboth, DelawareOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  13. Growing and Sustaining Communities with Bioenergy- Text-Alt Version

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From Vero Beach, Florida, to Hugoton, Kansas, to Emmetsburg, Iowa, cellulosic ethanol biorefineries have had major impacts on communities and their residents. In other areas, bioenergy has significant potential to transform current and establish new industry. This short video illustrates how biorefineries and other bioenergy developments can benefit citizens, businesses, and whole communities, helping America’s rural economies grow and thrive.

  14. Proceedings of the 1980 symposium on instrumentation and control for fossil energy processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doering, R.W. (comp.)

    1980-01-01

    The 1980 symposium on Instrumentation and Control for Fossil Energy Processes was held June 9-11, 1980, New Cavalier, Virginia Beach, Virginia. It was sponsored by the Argonne National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy. Forty-five papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA; nine papers had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

  15. Double layer capacitor prospects look good

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-07-01

    The Fourth International Seminar in Double Layer Capacitors and similar energy devices has been sponsored again by Dr. S.P. Wolsky and Dr. Nikola Marincic. The seminar was held in December 1994, at Deerfield Beach, FL. This report provides a brief description of information on supercapacitors.

  16. CX-000752: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Characterization of Pilocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington Graben, Offshore Los Angeles for Large Scale Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Pier F Drilling)CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 01/29/2010Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. CX-002595: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Competitive Renewable Grants Program - South Carolina Public Service District Grand Strand Solar StationCX(s) Applied: B1.15, A9, B5.1Date: 05/12/2010Location(s): Myrtle Beach, South CarolinaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  18. Fact #775: April 15, 2013 Top Ten Urban Areas for Fuel Wasted...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Million Gallons) 1 New York-Newark NY-NJ-CT 256 2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana CA 220 3 Chicago IL-IN 127 4 Miami FL 94 5 Washington DC-VA-MD 85 6 Philadelphia ...

  19. CX-000751: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Characterization of Pilocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington Graben, Offshore Los Angeles for Large Scale Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide (Seismic)CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 01/29/2010Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  20. CX-003702: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida Hydrogen Initiative - Enerfuel (Advanced HiFoil Bipolar Plates)CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6Date: 09/15/2010Location(s): West Palm Beach, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  1. NGV fleet fueling station business plan: A public, private and utility partnership to identify economical business options for implementation of CNG fueling infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    The City of Long Beach recently incorporated an additional 61 natural gas vehicles (NGV) within its own fleet, bringing the City`s current NGV fleet to 171 NGVs. During January 1992, the City opened its first public access compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling station (86 CFM). This action served as the City`s first step toward developing the required CNG infrastructure to accommodate its growing NGV fleet, as well as those of participating commercial and private fleet owners. The City of Long Beach is committed to promoting NGVs within its own fleet, as well as encouraging NGV use by commercial and private fleet owners and resolving market development barriers. The NGV Business Plan provides recommendations for priority locations, station size and design, capital investment, partnership and pricing options. The NGV Business Plan also includes an econometric model to calculate CNG infrastructure cost recovery options, based on CNG market research within the City of Long Beach and Southern California area. Furthermore, the NGV Business Plan provides the City with a guide regarding CNG infrastructure investment, partnerships and private fueling programs. Although the NGV Business Plan was developed to address the prevailing CNG-related issues affecting the City of Long Beach, the methodology used within the NGV Business Plan and, more significantly, the accompanying econometric model will assist local governments, nation-wide, in the successful implementation of similar CNG infrastructures required for effective market penetration of NGVs.

  2. CX-003825: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Characterization of Pliocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington Graben, Offshore Los Angeles for Large Scale Geologic Storage of Carbon DioxideCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 09/09/2010Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  3. CX-003818: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Characterization of Pliocene and Miocene Formations in the Wilmington Graben, Offshore Los Angeles for Large Scale Geologic Storage of Carbon DioxideCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1Date: 09/09/2010Location(s): Long Beach, CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. Potential of Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, B. P.

    2008-10-22

    Presented at the Association of Industrial Metallizers, Coaters and Laminators (AIMCAL) Fall Technical Conference 2008 and 22nd International Vacuum Web Coating Conference held October 19-22, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. This presentation discusses PV in the world energy portfolio, PV basics, PV technologies, and vacuum web-coating applications in PV.

  5. CX-005389: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Activity 1: Digester BiogasCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 03/22/2011Location(s): Palm Beach County, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  6. High performance systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigil, M.B.

    1995-03-01

    This document provides a written compilation of the presentations and viewgraphs from the 1994 Conference on High Speed Computing given at the High Speed Computing Conference, {open_quotes}High Performance Systems,{close_quotes} held at Gleneden Beach, Oregon, on April 18 through 21, 1994.

  7. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohay, Alan C.; Sweeney, Mark D.; Clayton, Ray E.; Devary, Joseph L.

    2011-03-31

    The Hanford Seismic Assessment Program (HSAP) provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. The HSAP is responsible for locating and identifying sources of seismic activity and monitoring changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the HSAP works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The Hanford Seismic Network and the Eastern Washington Regional Network consist of 44 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Assessment Team. The Hanford Seismic Network recorded 16 local earthquakes during the first quarter of FY 2011. Six earthquakes were located at shallow depths (less than 4 km), seven earthquakes at intermediate depths (between 4 and 9 km), most likely in the pre-basalt sediments, and three earthquakes were located at depths greater than 9 km, within the basement. Geographically, thirteen earthquakes were located in known swarm areas and three earthquakes were classified as random events. The highest magnitude event (1.8 Mc) was recorded on October 19, 2010 at depth 17.5 km with epicenter located near the Yakima River between the Rattlesnake Mountain and Horse Heaven Hills swarm areas.

  8. Arid Lands Ecology Facility management plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1993-02-01

    The Arid Lands Ecology (ALE) facility is a 312-sq-km tract of land that lies on the western side of the Hanford Site in southcentral Washington. The US Atomic Energy Commission officially set aside this land area in 1967 to preserve shrub-steppe habitat and vegetation. The ALE facility is managed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) for ecological research and education purposes. In 1971, the ALE facility was designated the Rattlesnake Hills Research Natural Area (RNA) as a result of an interagency federal cooperative agreement, and remains the largest RNA in Washington. it is also one of the few remaining large tracts of shrub-steppe vegetation in the state retaining a predominant preeuropean settlement character. This management plan provides policy and implementation methods for management of the ALE facilities consistent with both US Department of Energy Headquarters and the Richland Field Office decision (US Congress 1977) to designate and manage ALE lands as an RNA and as a component of the DOE National Environmental Research Park System.

  9. Improved Neutronics Treatment of Burnable Poisons for the Prismatic HTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y. Wang; A. A. Bingham; J. Ortensi; C. J. Permann

    2012-10-01

    In prismatic block High Temperature Reactors (HTR), highly absorbing material such a burnable poison (BP) cause local flux depressions and large gradients in the flux across the blocks which can be a challenge to capture accurately with traditional homogenization methods. The purpose of this paper is to quantify the error associated with spatial homogenization, spectral condensation and discretization and to highlight what is needed for improved neutronics treatments of burnable poisons for the prismatic HTR. A new triangular based mesh is designed to separate the BP regions from the fuel assembly. A set of packages including Serpent (Monte Carlo), Xuthos (1storder Sn), Pronghorn (diffusion), INSTANT (Pn) and RattleSnake (2ndorder Sn) is used for this study. The results from the deterministic calculations show that the cross sections generated directly in Serpent are not sufficient to accurately reproduce the reference Monte Carlo solution in all cases. The BP treatment produces good results, but this is mainly due to error cancellation. However, the Super Cell (SC) approach yields cross sections that are consistent with cross sections prepared on an exact full core calculation. In addition, very good agreement exists between the various deterministic transport and diffusion codes in both eigenvalue and power distributions. Future research will focus on improving the cross sections and quantifying the error cancellation.

  10. Cultural Resources Review for Closure of the nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill and Solid Waste Landfill in the 600 Area, Hanford Site, Benton County, Washington, HCRC# 2010-600-018R

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutzeit, Jennifer L.; Kennedy, Ellen P.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Sackschewsky, Michael R.; Sharpe, James J.; DeMaris, Ranae; Venno, M.; Christensen, James R.

    2011-02-02

    The U.S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office is proposing to close the Nonradioactive Dangerous Waste Landfill (NRDWL) and Solid Waste Landfill (SWL) located in the 600 Area of the Hanford Site. The closure of the NRDWL/SWL entails the construction of an evapotranspiration cover over the landfill. This cover would consist of a 3-foot (1-meter) engineered layer of fine-grained soil, modified with 15 percent by weight pea gravel to form an erosion-resistant topsoil that will sustain native vegetation. The area targeted for silt-loam borrow soil sits in Area C, located in the northern central portion of the Fitzner/Eberhardt Arid Lands Ecology (ALE) Reserve Unit. The pea gravel used for the mixture will be obtained from both off-site commercial sources and an active gravel pit (Pit #6) located just west of the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. Materials for the cover will be transported along Army Loop Road, which runs from Beloit Avenue (near the Rattlesnake Barricade) east-northeast to the NRDWL/SWL, ending at State Route 4. Upgrades to Army Loop Road are necessary to facilitate safe bidirectional hauling traffic. This report documents a cultural resources review of the proposed activity, conducted according to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.

  11. Case Study - The Challenge: Improving the Performance of a Waste-To-Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Facility | Department of Energy the Performance of a Waste-To-Energy Facility Case Study - The Challenge: Improving the Performance of a Waste-To-Energy Facility This case study examines how the City of Long Beach, California, was able to improve the operational efficiency of its Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF), a recycling and solid waste-to-energy plant. To replace inlet damper control and reduce energy consumption, variable frequency drives (VFDs) were installed on the

  12. FUPWG Spring 2014 Agenda and Presentations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Agenda and Presentations FUPWG Spring 2014 Agenda and Presentations Agenda and presentations from the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group's Spring 2014 meeting held May 7-8, 2014, in Virginia Beach, Virginia. PDF icon Meeting Report PDF icon DOE/FEMP Welcome and Announcements: Presented by David McAndrew PDF icon Washington Update: Presented by Timothy D. Unruh PDF icon GSA Building Energy Strategy: Presented by Mark Ewing PDF icon Combined Heat and Power: Presented by Michael Ellis PDF

  13. Title Goes Here

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Presented at 6 th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, Freiberg, Germany, April, 2010 Performance Model Assessment for Multi-Junction Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems Christopher Cameron 1 , Clark Crawford 2 , James Foresi 3 , David King 1 , Robert McConnell 2 , Dan Riley 1 , Aaron Sahm 4 , and Joshua Stein 1 1 Sandia National Laboratories, P O Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 2 Amonix, Inc. 1709 Apollo Court, Seal Beach, CA 90740 3 Emcore, Inc., 10420 Research Rd.

  14. bib-neural | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Bend Power Station Neural Network-Intelligent Sootblower (NN-ISB) Optimization - Project Brief [PDF-154KB] Tampa Electric Company, Apollo Beach, Hillsborough County, FL PROJECT FACT SHEET Big Bend Power Station Neural Network-Intelligent Sootblower (NN-ISB) Optimization [PDF-154KB] (Oct 2008) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Report Tampa Electric Company Big Bend Unit #2, Neural Network Based Intelligent Sootblowing System Project Performance and Review [PDF-2.2MB] (April 2005) PPII Reports:

  15. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: TECO Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TECO Energy Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: TECO Energy Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: TECO Energy Joined the Challenge: May 2014 Headquarters: Tampa, FL Charging Locations: Tampa, FL; Winter Haven, FL; Apollo Beach, FL; Plant City, FL; Dade City, FL; Ruskin, FL; Mulberry, FL Domestic Employees: 2,500 TECO Energy, the parent company of Tampa Electric, has made the advancement of electric transportation one of its top strategic initiatives. In support of this effort, Tampa Electric

  16. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Verizon Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon Joined the Challenge: January 2013 Headquarters: New York, NY Charging Locations: Twinsburg, OH; Huntington Beach, CA; Irvine, CA; Basking Ridge, NJ; Irving, TX Domestic Employees: 180,000 Verizon is committed to sustainability in all areas of our business, including making 'green driving' more convenient. Verizon now has three workplaces with charging stations: a retail store, data center, and

  17. Federal Energy and Water Management Awards 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CAPT Christopher Chope, Tonnie Harrison, David Hayden, Forrest Honderich, Andrew Porter U.S. Navy Naval Air Station Oceana Virginia Beach, Virginia During FY 2013, Naval Air Station Oceana energy program initiatives saved 18 billion Btu and 39 million gallons of water from the prior year. Naval Air Station Oceana's energy program sought to incorporate strategies that would limit financial stress on an already tight budget. They focused on energy awareness, new technologies to improve existing

  18. Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Workshops » Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop July 25, 2012 At the Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop (held in Long Beach, CA, on July 25, 2012), academic and industry experts discussed the existing and emerging electrotechnologies - such as microwave (MW) and radio frequency (RF) energy - and their potential to impact advanced manufacturing. Exploiting the material interactions of MW and RF energy is a route to developing energy-saving process

  19. William J. Clinton, 2000

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    0 May 26 / Administration of William J. Clinton, 2000 We intend to establish ecological reserves in the most fragile areas to keep them off- limits to fishing, drilling, and other damaging uses. I'm also directing the EPA to strength- en water quality standards all along our coasts and provide stronger protections for the most vulnerable ocean waters, to reduce pollution of beaches, coasts, and oceans. Second, I'm announcing today our com- mitment to permanently protect coral reefs of the

  20. Integrated municipal solid waste management: Six case studies of system cost and energy use. A summary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    Report documents an evaluation of the environmental, economic, and energy impacts of integrated municipal solid waste management systems in six cities: Minneapolis, NW; Springfield, MA; Seattle, WA; Scottsdale, AZ; Palm Beach County, CA; and Sevierville, TN. The primary objective of these case studies was to develop and present consistent cost, resource use (especially energy), and environmental regulator information on each operating IMSWM system. The process is defined as using two or more alternative waste management techniques. Detailed reports on each system are available.

  1. btzf096.tmp

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    * DIALKYLENECXRBONATE-BRIIWED POLYSILSESQUIOXANES. HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC SOL-GELS WITH A THERMALLY ~~ce!vko LABILE BRIDGING GROUP 4JG f DOUGLAS A. LOY*, JAMES V. BEACH*, BRIGITTA M. BAUGHER*, ROGER A? 099 ASSINK*, KENNETH J. SHEA**, JOSEPH TRAN**, AND JAMES H. SMALL*** O Catalysts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM WI 87185-14 , daloy@sandia.gov Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717-2025 Polymers and Coatings Group, MST-7, Los Alamos

  2. The Right Idea at the Right Time - 2004 DOE Tribal Energy Program Reveiw Meeting

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Right Idea ... at the Right Time 2004 DOE Tribal Energy Program Review Meeting 2004 DOE Tribal Energy Program Review Meeting * We Are: - Contractor to the Quinault Indian Nation Contract Number DE-FG36-04GO14023 * Our Scope Is: - Renewable Energy Resource Assessment, Analysis, Recommendations & Report 2004 DOE Tribal Energy Program Review Meeting Focus: * Quinault Beach Resort Hotel and Casino - High Electrical Usage (avg. ~500 KW-Hrs/day) * Project Lead: - Mark Pokryska -Manager, Systems

  3. Women @ Energy: Linda Silverman | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Linda Silverman Women @ Energy: Linda Silverman October 8, 2015 - 3:09pm Addthis Linda Silverman is a senior adviser in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at DOE headquarters in Washington, D.C. Her hometown is Miami Beach, Florida, and she attended the University of Colorado and Johns Hopkins University. She has a bachelor of science degree in finance and international business and a master of arts in international relations. Linda Silverman is a senior adviser in the Office

  4. EA-1985: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Final Environmental Assessment EA-1985: Final Environmental Assessment Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf Offshore Virginia DOE is proposing to fund Virginia Electric and Power Company's Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project (VOWTAP). The proposed VOWTAP project consists of design, construction and operation of a 12 megawatt offshore wind facility located approximately 24 nautical miles off the coast of Virginia Beach, VA

  5. EERE Success Story-Nationwide: The Nation's First Commercial-Scale

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biorefineries | Department of Energy The Nation's First Commercial-Scale Biorefineries EERE Success Story-Nationwide: The Nation's First Commercial-Scale Biorefineries November 6, 2013 - 12:29pm Addthis EERE supports 25 integrated biorefineries that are specifically focused on producing cellulosic ethanol, drop-in hydrocarbon biofuel, and bioproducts. As of July 2013, INEOS opened the nation's first commercial-scale biorefinery in Vero Beach, Florida, and began produc-tion of cellulosic

  6. Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Florida Homes (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Florida Homes PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Existing Florida Homes Partners: Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, www.ba-pirc.org Florida Power & Light, www.fpl.com Location: Brevard, Collier, and Palm Beach Counties, Florida Application: Retrofit; Single-family Number of Homes: 60 Age Range: 1958-2006 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Hot-humid Year Tested: 2012-2013

  7. Increasing Heavy Oil Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field Through Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Thermal Production Technologies, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    City of Long Beach; Tidelands Oil Production Company; University of Southern California; David K. Davies and Associates

    2002-09-30

    The objective of this project was to increase the recoverable heavy oil reserves within sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, near Long Beach, California through the testing and application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The successful application of these technologies would result in expanding their implementation throughout the Wilmington Field and, through technology transfer, to other slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs.

  8. emergency preparedness | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    emergency preparedness NNSA & Nuclear Security Enterprise support nation's preparedness Scientists at NNSA facilities study climate and meteorology. Other sites are key players in weather preparedness. Today, on National Weatherperson Day, NNSA recognizes numerous contributions to the nation's climate and weather readiness in any situation. With emergency response as one of its core... NNSA to Participate in Aerial Radiation Training Exercise Long Beach, CA Areas The National Nuclear

  9. Integrated Biorefineries:Biofuels, Biopower, and Bioproducts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INTEGRATED BIOREFINERIES INEOS New Planet Bioenergy began production at its Indian River Bioenergy Center in Vero Beach, FL, in July 2013. Cost-shared funding from the Bioenergy Technologies Office contributed to the construction of this pioneer-scale plant, which converts waste biomass materials into 8 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol and produces 6 MW of power annually. Photo: INEOS Bio Integrated Biorefineries: Reducing Investment Risk in Novel Technology Achieving national energy and

  10. Middle School Students Go Green | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    July 25, 2012 At the Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop (held in Long Beach, CA, on July 25, 2012), academic and industry experts discussed the existing and emerging electrotechnologies - such as microwave (MW) and radio frequency (RF) energy - and their potential to impact advanced manufacturing. Exploiting the material interactions of MW and RF energy is a route to developing energy-saving process improvements and enabling technology for commercial and industrial applications. Workshop

  11. Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Commercial-Scale | Department of Energy Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at Commercial-Scale Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at Commercial-Scale July 31, 2013 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today recognized the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol production at INEOS Bio's Indian River BioEnergy Center in Vero Beach, Florida. Developed through a joint venture between

  12. morel2004session3.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Parallel Radiation Transport Algorithms and Associated Architectural Requirements Jim Morel, Randal Baker, and James Warsa Computer and Computational Sciences Division Los Alamos National Laboratory jim@lanl.gov, rsb@lanl.gov, warsa@lanl.gov Presentation at the Conference on High Speed Computing, Gleneden Beach, OR, April 19-22, 2004 Slide 1/27 Overview Introduction The Transport Equation Source Iteration Convergence of Source Iteration Convergence Acceleration Krylov Methods and Preconditioners

  13. Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial-Scale | Department of Energy Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at Commercial-Scale Florida Project Produces Nation's First Cellulosic Ethanol at Commercial-Scale July 31, 2013 - 1:37pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The Energy Department today recognized the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol production at INEOS Bio's Indian River BioEnergy Center in Vero Beach, Florida. Developed through a joint venture between

  14. University of Delaware | CCEI Faculty Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications Featured on the Covers JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER (Front) (Front) (Front) (Inside) (Inside) (Inside) (Front) (Front) (Back) JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER JOURNAL COVER (Frontispiece) (Inside) (Front) (Front) (Back) (Front) (Front) (Front) (Front) (beginning with most recent publications) Beach, C. A.;

  15. The early days of incineration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valenti, M.

    1995-05-01

    Landfills reaching capacity, beaches fouled with trash, neighborhood residents protesting waste disposal sites in their backyards, and municipalities forced to recycle. Sound familiar? These issues might have been taken from today`s headlines, but they were also problems facing mechanical engineers a century ago. Conditions such as these were what led engineers to design the first incinerators for reducing the volume of municipal garbage, as well as for producing heat and electricity. The paper discusses these early days.

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Hornung-AMRpres-Salishan04-geom.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adaptive Mesh Refinement Methods and Parallel Computing Rich Hornung hornung@llnl.gov www.llnl.gov/CASC/SAMRAI The Conference on High-Speed Computing Gleneden Beach, OR April 19-22, 2004 Center for Applied Scientific Computing Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory UCRL-PRES-203583 This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. Presentation Outline Overview of

  17. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Science Team Meeting 2005 Proceedings Proceedings Sorted by Title Proceedings Sorted by Author Science Team Meeting Proceedings Cover image Proceedings of the Fifteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting ARM-CONF-2005, March 2005 Daytona Beach, Florida For proper viewing, extended abstracts should be viewed with Adobe Acrobat Reader. Download the latest version from the Adobe Reader website. * Poster abstract only; an extended abstract was not provided by the

  18. '09 Salishan Talk_ Slides_WT.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Salishan Conference on High-Speed Computing Computational Challenges at the Petascale and Beyond for Fusion Energy Sciences W. M. TANG Princeton University, Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey Salishan Lodge Gleneden Beach, Oregon 28 April 2009 Fusion Energy: Burning plasmas are self-heated and self-organized systems "ITER is an international collaboration to build the first fusion science experiment capable of producing a self- sustaining fusion reaction, called a burning

  19. Investigation of waste rag generation at Naval Station Mayport. Project report, May 1990-July 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    The report presents the results of an investigation examining pollution prevention alternatives for reducing the volume of waste rags generated at Naval Station Mayport, located near Jacksonville Beach, Florida. The report recommends five specific pollution prevention alternatives: better operating practices, installation of equipment cleaning stations to remove contaminants normally removed with rags; replacement of SERVE MART rags with disposable wipers; use of recyclable rats for oil and great removal; and confirmation that used rags are fully contaminated prior to disposal.

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - zimmerman2004session1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551-0808 UCRL-PRES-203423. 1 35 25 Years of Algorithms for Inertial Confinement Fusion Presented to: The Conference on HIGH SPEED COMPUTING Salishan Lodge, Gleneden Beach, OR George B. Zimmerman AX Division, Defense & Nuclear Technologies Lawrence Livermore

  1. Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade Michael Schwartz, Staff Writer Inside Business, February 16, 2009 Just two months into the year, the $310 million upgrade at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is already paying off for local companies. A $14.1 million contract awarded earlier this month to S.B. Ballard made the Virginia Beach-based construction company the second local firm to reap the

  2. Increasing Heavy Oil Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field Through Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Thermal Production Technologies, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    City of Long Beach; Tidelands Oil Production Company; University of Southern California; David K. Davies and Associates

    2002-09-30

    The objective of this project was to increase the recoverable heavy oil reserves within sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, near Long Beach, California through the testing and application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. It was hoped that the successful application of these technologies would result in their implementation throughout the Wilmington Field and, through technology transfer, will be extended to increase the recoverable oil reserves in other slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs.

  3. Design of Flexible-Duct Junction Boxes | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design of Flexible-Duct Junction Boxes Design of Flexible-Duct Junction Boxes This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Technical Update meeting on April 29-30, 2013, in Denver, Colorado. PDF icon cq5_duct_splitter_box_beach.pdf More Documents & Publications Critical Question #5: What are Recent Innovations in Air Distribution Systems? Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: New Insights for Improving the Designs of Flexible

  4. Mid-Level Ethanol Blends

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    zbDE-FOA-0000091.rtf Microsoft Word - zbDE-FOA-0000091.rtf PDF icon Microsoft Word - zbDE-FOA-0000091.rtf More Documents & Publications Recovery Act Local Energy Assurance Planning (LEAP) Initiative Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000098 DISCLAIMER: DISCLAIMER:

    Workshops » Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop July 25, 2012 At the Microwave and Radio Frequency Workshop (held in Long Beach, CA, on July 25, 2012), academic and industry experts

  5. Eighth Annual National Conference on Health Disparities | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Eighth Annual National Conference on Health Disparities Eighth Annual National Conference on Health Disparities January 14, 2015 - 12:16pm Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment. The Eighth Annual National Conference on Health Disparities was held November 5 through 8, 2014, in Long Beach, California. Like past conferences, it focused on policies and programs to reduce health disparities. However, the 2014 session saw one panel address a

  6. Agenda

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Agenda Agenda This page may be updated as needed - please check back. Agenda Click here for pdf Monday, April 29 Workshop Registration: 1700-1900 (Main level, near Tewa Bay 1 Meeting Room) Christy Archuleta Pam Valdez Randy Fraser Dan Beach Tuesday, April 30 Welcome: 0700-0800 (Tewa Bay 1 Meeting Room) Charlie McMillan Juan Griego Introduction Mike Lansing Mike Duvall NMSSUP Phase II Project Overview Mike Lansing Ty Troutman Transition / Readiness Verification: Goals and Objectives Randy Fraser

  7. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. Predicted spill trajectory 40 days after a hypothetical blowout and the predicted location of beached oil as a result of this hypothetical spill. NETL's Blowout and Spill Occurrence Model (BLOSOM) Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has created an integrated data and modeling system to support DOE's mission to produce science-based evaluations of engineered and natural systems to ensure sustainable, environmentally responsible

  8. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 3, 2004 [Facility News] First Deployment of ARM Mobile Facility to Occur on California Coast Bookmark and Share Image - Point Reyes Beach Point Reyes National Seashore, on the California coast north of San Francisco, has been identified as the official location for the first deployment of the DOE's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF). As part of a 6-month field campaign beginning in March 2005 to study the microphysical characteristics of marine stratus and, in

  9. Late Holocene shoreline behavior in embayments of Lake Michigan: Influence of quasi-periodic lake-level variations and sediment supply

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, T.A.; Baedke, S.J. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Indiana Geological Survey)

    1994-04-01

    Lake Michigan contains numerous former embayments into glacial deposits or bedrock. Many of the embayments contain dunes, spits, and captured lakes, but others contain arcuate strandplains of beach ridges. The strandplains are a geologic record of shoreline behavior and lake-level variation throughout the late Holocene. The larger strandplains show similar long-term patterns of beach-ridge development. The similar patterns are expected because variations in lake level are a primary control on shoreline behavior, and all embayments would have experienced relatively the same lake-level changes. Some variations in the long-term pattern of shoreline development do occur between strandplains. These dissimilarities are primarily a function of different rates of sediment supply to the shoreline of each embayment. Beach-ridge development within embayments can be represented on a rate of water level change versus rate of sediment supply diagram (Curray diagram) as three superimposed ovals on the positive rate of sediment supply side of the diagram. The three stacked ovals represent the three quasi-periodic lake-level variations defined by Thompson (1992) and show the position of the shoreline for a given time within the Curray diagram fields. For shorelines with a high rate of sediment supply, only the 30-year quasi-periodic variation would reach the aggradation line. For shorelines having significantly less sediment supply, rising lake level on the 150- and 600-year variations would force the 30-year oval across the aggradation line and well into the depositional and possibly the erosional transgression fields. Under these conditions erosion would occur that may remove, stack, or at least prevent one or more beach ridges from being developed.

  10. An introduction to coastal geomorphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pethick, J.S.

    1984-01-01

    This book is an introduction to wave and tidally dominated coastal forms, including beaches, cliffs, dunes, estuaries, mudflats and marshlands. The book emphasises the physical mechanisms by which this variety of landforms is produced and maintained. It introduces the energy outputs - waves, currents, tides - into the coastal 'machine', examines the way in which this energy is converted into water and sediment movement, and leads to an account of coastal landform development.

  11. Lantana landfill: A history of environmental management 1965--96

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Statom, R.A.

    1997-08-01

    The Lantana Sanitary Landfill (LSL) is located in central Palm Beach County, Florida. The history of this landfill is a case study of the changes in environmental law, demography, solid waste management, hydrogeology, and public opinion in south Florida in the last 30 years. In 1983 Palm Beach County transferred ownership of the LSL to the Palm Beach County Solid Waste Authority (SWA). Environmental regulation enacted by Florida in the mid 1980`s resulted in negotiations to close the LSL. Closure was completed in 1988 utilizing a synthetic top liner, a landfill gas extraction/flare system, and a stormwater management system. In 1990 a groundwater mitigation system was installed to remediate the eastern plume. Closure of the LSL, extension of municipal water to local residents, and extensive public education by the SWA all served to answer most of the complaints of the local residents. In 1996 the LSL fell under a new series of air regulations and was required to apply for a Title V permit.

  12. Reservoir vital signs monitoring, 1992: Bacteriological conditions in the Tennessee Valley. Fourth annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fehring, J.P.

    1993-05-01

    Twenty-eight designated swimming beaches, four informal swimming areas, two canoe launching or landing sites, and two additional sites on a canoeing stream were sampled at least ten times each during 30-day sampling periods in the summer of 1992. One designated swimming beach, one informal swimming area, and two canoe launching or landing sites exceeded the recommended criterion of geometric mean concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria of 200/100 mL. In addition to these four sites, five designated swimming beaches and one informal swimming area exceeded the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended criterion by having more than 10 percent of the fecal coliform samples with concentrations greater than 400/100 mL. Rainfall was an important factor for these six sites and the four sites that did not meet the geometric mean criterion. Some sampling sites are affected by rainfall more than others. When bacteria concentrations increase after rainfall, it indicates that site is vulnerable to contamination from nonpoint sources of pollution. Recreational use of these sites following rainfall is discouraged. If samples collected within 24 hours of rainfall (one-half inch or more) are excluded, all-but one of the ten sites have better bacteriological water quality, and two meet both the geometric mean and maximum concentration criteria. Five canoe access locations on the Bear Creek floatway, plus one site upstream and another downstream of the floatway were sampled eight times each during 1992. All seven sites met recreation criteria.

  13. Development of rotating shadowband spectral radiometers and GCM radiation code test data sets in support of ARM. Technical progress report, September 15, 1990--September 14, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, L.; Michalsky, J.

    1991-03-13

    Three separate tasks are included in the first year of the project. Two involve assembling data sets useful for testing radiation models in global climate modeling (GCM) codes, and the third is concerned with the development of advance instrumentation for performing accurate spectral radiation measurements. Task 1: Three existing data sets have been merged for two locations, one in the wet northeastern US and a second in the dry western US. The data sets are meteorological data from the WBAN network, upper air data from the NCDC, and high quality solar radiation measurements from Albany, New York and Golden, Colorado. These represent test data sets for those modelers developing radiation codes for the GCM models. Task 2: Existing data are not quite adequate from a modeler`s perspective without downwelling infrared data and surface albedo, or reflectance, data. Before the deployment of the first CART site in ARM the authors are establishing this more complete set of radiation measurements at the Albany site to be operational only until CART is operational. The authors will have the site running by April 1991, which will provide about one year`s data from this location. They will coordinate their measurements with satellite overpasses, and, to the extent possible, with radiosonde releases, in order that the data set be coincident in time. Task 3: Work has concentrated on the multiple filter instrument. The mechanical, optical, and software engineering for this instrument is complete, and the first field prototype is running at the Rattlesnake Mountain Observatory (RMO) test site. This instrument is performing well, and is already delivering reliable and useful information.

  14. Aerosol optical depth derived from solar radiometry observations at northern mid-latitude sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laulainen, N.S.; Larson, N.R.; Michalsky, J.J.; Harrison, L.C.

    1994-01-01

    Routine, automated solar radiometry observations began with the development of the Mobile Automated Scanning Photometer (MASP) and its installation at the Rattlesnake Mountain Observatory (RMO). We have introduced a microprocessor controlled rotating shadowband radiometer (RSR), both the single detector and the multi-filter/detector (MFRSR) versions to replace the MASP. The operational mode of the RSRs is substantially different than the MASP or other traditional sun-tracking radiometers, because, by virtue of the automated rotating shadowband, the total and diffuse irradiance on a horizontal plane are measured and the direct-normal component deduced through computation from the total and diffuse components by the self-contained microprocessor. Because the three irradiance components are measured using the same detector for a given wavelength, the calibration coefficients are identical for each component, thus reducing errors when comparing them. The MFRSR is the primary radiometric instrument in the nine-station Quantitative Links Network (QLN) established in the eastern United States in late 1991. Data from this network are being used to investigate how cloud- and aerosol-induced radiative effects vary in time and with cloud structure and type over a mid-latitude continental region. This work supports the DOE Quantitative Links Program to quantify linkages between changes in atmospheric composition and climate forcing. In this paper we describe the setup of the QLN and present aerosol optical depth results from the on-going measurements at PNL/RMO, as well as preliminary results from the QLN. From the time-series of data at each site, we compare seasonal variability and geographical differences, as well as the effect of the perturbation to the stratosphere by Mt. Pinatubo. Analysis of the wavelength dependence of optical depth also provides information on the evolution and changes in the size distribution of the aerosols.

  15. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohay, Alan C.; Sweeney, Mark D.; Hartshorn, Donald C.; Clayton, Ray E.; Devary, Joseph L.

    2008-03-21

    The Hanford Seismic Assessment Program (HSAP) provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. The Hanford Seismic Assessment Team locates and identifies sources of seismic activity and monitors changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the seismic monitoring organization works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The Hanford Seismic Network and the Eastern Washington Regional Network consist of 41 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Assessment Team. For the Hanford Seismic Network, forty-four local earthquakes were recorded during the first quarter of fiscal year 2008. A total of thirty-one micro earthquakes were recorded within the Rattlesnake Mountain swarm area at depths in the 5-8 km range, most likely within the pre-basalt sediments. The largest event recorded by the network during the first quarter (November 25, 2007 - magnitude 1.5 Mc) was located within this swarm area at a depth of 4.3 km. With regard to the depth distribution, three earthquakes occurred at shallow depths (less than 4 km, most likely in the Columbia River basalts), thirty-six earthquakes at intermediate depths (between 4 and 9 km, most likely in the pre-basalt sediments), and five earthquakes were located at depths greater than 9 km, within the crystalline basement. Geographically, thirty-eight earthquakes occurred in swarm areas and six earth¬quakes were classified as random events.

  16. 3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15º eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

  17. 3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15 eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

  18. Natural Recharge to the Unconfined Aquifer System on the Hanford Site from the Greater Cold Creek Watershed: Progress Report 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waichler, Scott R.; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Coleman, Andre M.

    2004-09-14

    Movement of contaminants in groundwater at the Hanford Site is heavily dependent on recharge to the unconfined aquifer. As the effects of past artificial discharges dissipate, the water table is expected to return to more natural conditions, and natural recharge will become the driving force when evaluating future groundwater flow conditions and related contaminant transport. Previous work on the relationship of natural recharge to groundwater movement at the Hanford Site has focused on direct recharge from infiltrating rainfall and snowmelt within the area represented by the Sitewide Groundwater Model (SGM) domain. However, part of the groundwater recharge at Hanford is provided by flow from Greater Cold Creek watershed (GCC), a large drainage area on the western boundary of the Hanford Site that includes Cold Creek Valley, Dry Creek Valley, and the Hanford side of Rattlesnake Mountain. This study was undertaken to estimate the recharge from GCC, which is believed to enter the unconfined aquifer as both infiltrating streamflow and shallow subsurface flow. To estimate recharge, the Distributed Hydrology-Soil-Vegetation Model (DHSVM) was used to simulate a detailed water balance of GCC from 1956 to 2001 at a spatial resolution of 200~m and a temporal resolution of one hour. For estimating natural recharge to Hanford from watersheds along its western and southwestern boundaries, the most important aspects that need to be considered are 1)~distribution and relative magnitude of precipitation and evapotranspiration over the watershed, 2)~streamflow generation at upper elevations and infiltration at lower elevations during rare runoff events, and 3)~permeability of the basalt bedrock surface underlying the soil mantle.

  19. Geology of the Waste Treatment Plant Seismic Boreholes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, D. BRENT; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Fecht, Karl R.; Lanigan, David C.; Reidel, Steve; Rust, Colleen F.

    2007-02-28

    In 2006, DOE-ORP initiated the Seismic Boreholes Project (SBP) to emplace boreholes at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) site in order to obtain direct Vs measurements and other physical property measurements in Columbia River basalt and interbedded sediments of the Ellensburg Formation. The goal was to reduce the uncertainty in the response spectra and seismic design basis, and potentially recover design margin for the WTP. The characterization effort within the deep boreholes included 1) downhole measurements of the velocity properties of the suprabasalt, basalt, and sedimentary interbed sequences, 2) downhole measurements of the density of the subsurface basalt and sediments, and 3) confirmation of the geometry of the contact between the various basalt and interbedded sediments through examination of retrieved core from the corehole and data collected through geophysical logging of each borehole. This report describes the results of the geologic studies from three mud-rotary boreholes and one cored borehole at the WTP. All four boreholes penetrated the entire Saddle Mountains Basalt and the upper part of the Wanapum Basalt where thick sedimentary interbeds occur between the lava flows. The basalt flows penetrated in Saddle Mountains Basalt included the Umatilla Member, Esquatzel Member, Pomona Member and the Elephant Mountain Member. The underlying Priest Rapids Member of the Wanapum Basalt was also penetrated. The Ellensburg Formation sediments consist of the Mabton Interbed, the Cold Creek Interbed, the Selah Interbed and the Rattlesnake Ridge Interbed; the Byron Interbed occurs between two flows of the Priest Rapids Member. The Mabton Interbed marks the contact between the Wanapum and Saddle Mountains Basalts. The thicknesses of the basalts and interbedded sediments were within expected limits. However, a small reverse fault was found in the Pomona Member flow top. This fault has three periods of movement and less than 15 feet of repeated section. Most of the movement on the fault appears to have occurred before the youngest lava flow, the 10.5 million year old Elephant Mountain Member was emplaced above the Pomona Member.

  20. Definition and interpretation of Holocene shorelines in the south Atlantic coastal zone, southeast Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finkl, C.W. Jr.

    1985-01-01

    There is a wide variety of contemporary shorelines in southeastern Florida. Distinctive types range from rocky platforms, tidal flats, mangroves and marshes, to sand and gravel beaches. Because the natural sequence of shorelines in the urban coastal corridor from Miami to Palm Beach is partly obscured by dredge and fill operations initiated in the early 1920's, some coastal segments are subject to re-interpretation. Analysis of early aerial photographs, old coastal charts and bore log data indicates a much more complicated sequence of Recent coastlines than is generally appreciated. Before development, much of the coastal zone contained complicated networks of fresh-water marshes and lakes with lagoons, bays, and sounds lying behind extensively developed spits. The larger spits prograded southward (downdrift) forming long coastwise sounds that eventually led into fresh-water marshes such as Lake Mabel (now Port Everglades). When new inlets were cut to link the ICW with the sea, the spits were beheaded to form what are now called barrier islands. After subsequent inlet stabilization with inadequate sand bypassing, some spits became welded to the shore and others eroded away. Extension of boundaries marking the back sides of barriers landward into the marshes, to the position of the ICW, is not only an erroneous definition of barrier island width but dangerous for emergency (storm surge) planning because the barriers were never this wide. Beach ridge plains, ridge and swale topography, dune-covered limestone ridges, and some fossil reefs such as Key Biscayne have in addition been mistakenly identified as barrier islands.

  1. Erratum:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Erratum: "Prospects for measurement of rapid equilibrium changes and electron fluctuations using a high repetition rate Thomson scattering diagnostic" †Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1653 "2003...‡ D. J. Den Hartog, 1,a͒ D. J. Holly, 1 R. O'Connell, 1 R. J. Beach, 2 S. A. Payne, 2 and T. N. Carlstrom 3 1 Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA 3 General Atomics,

  2. Gas Fired Test System For Stirling Engines. (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gas Fired Test System For Stirling Engines. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Gas Fired Test System For Stirling Engines. Abstract not provided. Authors: Lloyd, Jimmy ; John Lawler Publication Date: 2007-10-01 OSTI Identifier: 1148030 Report Number(s): SAND2007-6644C 522685 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC04-94AL85000 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Energy Sustainability 2007 held June 27-30, 2007 in Long Beach, CA.; Related Information: Proposed for presentation at

  3. Method of depositing buffer layers on biaxially textured metal substrates

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Patent) | SciTech Connect Method of depositing buffer layers on biaxially textured metal substrates Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Method of depositing buffer layers on biaxially textured metal substrates A laminate article comprises a substrate and a biaxially textured (RE.sup.1.sub.x RE.sup.2.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.3 buffer layer over the substrate, wherein 0 Authors: Beach, David B. [1] ; Morrell, Jonathan S. [1] ; Paranthaman, Mariappan [1] ; Chirayil, Thomas [1] ; Specht,

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Switch to Detail View for this search SciTech Connect Search Results Page 1 of 1 Search for: All records Creators/Authors contains: "Beach, David" × Sort by Relevance Sort by Date (newest first) Sort by Date (oldest first) Sort by Relevance « Prev Next » Everything10 Electronic Full Text5 Citations5 Multimedia0 Datasets0 Software0 Filter Results Filter by Subject substrates (5) biaxially (3) buffer (3) buffer layer (3) depositing (3) deposition (3) disclosed (3) forming (3) layer

  5. Reviewing the success of intentional flooding of the Grand Canyon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirth, B.D.

    1997-04-01

    A description and evaluation of the results of an intentional flooding experiment at the Grand Canyon are described. The purpose of the 7-day release of flood waters from the Glen Canyon Dam was to determine if managed floods have the ability to predictably restore the riverine environment. A summary of environmental conditions leading to the experiment is provided and flood results are listed. Initial results showed significant improvement in the size and number of the river`s beaches, creation of backwater habitat for endangered species, and no adverse impact to the trout fishery, Indian cultural sites, and other resources.

  6. H. R. 5162: a bill making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, July 15, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    The bill assigns monetary levels to appropriations for energy and water development projects for fiscal year 1987. Title I deals with the civilian activities of the Corps of Engineers concerning rivers and harbors, flood control, beach erosion, and related purposes. Title II covers the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation, and Title III covers activities of DOE. Separate sections of Title III deal with energy supply, research, and development and with power marketing administrations. Title IV addresses independent agencies, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Tennessee Valley Authority. The final Title covers general provisions and exclusions from funding.

  7. 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials This page provides links to the presentations and materials from the 2013 Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop, held January 29-31 in Long Beach, California. Presentations Day 1 Welcome and Introduction James Brodrick, U.S. Department of Energy City of Los Angeles: Changing Our Glow for Efficiency Ed Ebrahimian, City of Los Angeles National Research

  8. A practical guide for understanding the Prime Contractor's relationship with b

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams June 24, 2015 - 2:18pm Addthis A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams Hoyt Battey Market Acceleration and Deployment Program Manager, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Summer is a time for going to the beach-or at least going out on the water to beat the heat. But not every splashy

  9. EERE Success Story-California: SQAMD Replaces Drayage Trucks with CNG |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy SQAMD Replaces Drayage Trucks with CNG EERE Success Story-California: SQAMD Replaces Drayage Trucks with CNG November 6, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis In 2008, the South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program started to address a significant need to reduce diesel emissions and associated public health risks from goods movement at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. In 2010, the two ports processed goods worth

  10. Modeling the Process of Mining Silicon Through a Single Displacement/Redox Reaction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As the popularity of photovoltaic (PV) cells and integrated circuits (IC) increases, the need for silicon also increases. Silicon is one of the most used materials in these two industries. It is an inexpensive and abundant semiconductor. However, the process of producing pure silicon adds cost, and it is generally unknown to the public. One of the first steps in producing silicon is a process called carbon-thermic reduction. Silicon dioxide (SiO2) that is found in beach sand and quartz is melted down in a caldron at a temperature of 1450 degrees Celsius.

  11. Primary Cilium-Dependent and -Independent Hedgehog Signaling Inhibits

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    p16INK4A (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: Primary Cilium-Dependent and -Independent Hedgehog Signaling Inhibits p16INK4A Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Primary Cilium-Dependent and -Independent Hedgehog Signaling Inhibits p16INK4A Authors: Bishop, Cleo L. ; Bergin, Ann-Marie H. ; Fessart, Delphine ; Borgdorff, Viola ; Hatzimasoura, Elizabeth ; Garbe, James C. ; Stampfer, Martha R. ; Koh, Jim ; Beach, David H. Publication Date: 2010-11-01 OSTI Identifier:

  12. HEATING DISTRIBUTIONS IN THE TARGET OF THE SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    HEATING DISTRIBUTIONS IN THE TARGET OF THE SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE F. C. Difilippo and L. A. Charlton Oak Ridge National Laboratory* P.O. Box 2008, MS-6363 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 3783 l-6363 Full paper submitted for publication and oral presentation, AccApp '99, Long Beach, CA, November 14-18.1999. *Research sponsored by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No. DE-AC05960R22464. HEATING

  13. Increasing Waterflood Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field Through Reservoir Characterization and Reservoir Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chris Phillips; Dan Moos; Don Clarke; John Nguyen; Kwasi Tagbor; Roy Koerner; Scott Walker

    1997-04-10

    This project is intended to increase recoverable waterflood reserves in slope and basin reservoirs through improved reservoir characterization and reservoir management. The particular application of this project is in portions of Fault Blocks IV and V of the Wilmington Oil Field, in Long Beach, California, but the approach is widely applicable in slope and basin reservoirs. Transferring technology so that it can be applied in other sections of the Wilmington Field and by operators in other slope and basin reservoirs is a primary component of the project.

  14. Catalog of publications, Office of Science and Technology (Office of Water, Environmental Protection Agency), 1999 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-08-01

    This catalog focuses on the following: Introduction to the Office of Science and Technology (OST); Industrial Effluent Limitations and Guidelines (Listed alphabetically by Point Source); Water Quality Standards; Ambient Water Quality Criteria; Biological Quality Criteria; Nutrient Criteria; Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Guidelines (Sediment Quality Criteria); Drinking Water Criteria; Drinking Water Health Advisories; Water Quality Modeling and Total Maximum Daily Loads Guidance; Analytical Laboratory Methods; Contaminated Sediments; Fish Tissue Quality; Municipal Sewage Sludge; Great Lakes Guidance; Beach Water Quality; Pollution Prevention-IP3 Reports; Videotapes; and Datafiles and Software.

  15. Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD OCTOBER-DECEMBER 2015James R.; Beach, David36 MATERIALS SCIENCE FY 2015 Development of Improved CZT for Gamma-Ray Spectrometers and Imaging ArraysFY 2015 Development of Improved CZT for Gamma-Ray Spectrometers and Imaging ArraysPROJECT TITLE: Development of Improved CZT for Gamma-Ray Spectrometers and Imaging Arrays webPMIS PROJECT NAME: BL13-CZTBaseProg-PD2Jg, LAB/CONTRACTOR: BNLBrookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)USDOE

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Marius Stan.update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Simulations for Nuclear Energy Applications High Speed Computing Conference Salishan Lodge, Gleneden Beach, OR, April 27-30, 2009 UNCLASSIFIED LA-UR-09-02604 Marius Stan 1 Contributors: C. R. Stanek 1 , B. P. Uberuaga 1 , B. Mihaila 1 , S. M. Valone 1 , A. D. Andersson 1 , P. Cristea 2 , S. Y. Hu 3 , J. C. Ramirez 4 , V. Tikare 5 , P. Turchi 6 , and M. Samaras 7 1 Los Alamos National Laboratory, U. S. A. 2 Univ. of Bucharest, Romania 3 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, U. S. A. 4 Exponent,

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - Rathkopf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551-0808 The FY05 ASC Level 1 Milestone Report: Requirements to Move to Petaflop Platform Scott Doebling, LANL Rob Leland, SNL Jim Rathkopf, LLNL 2005 Salishan Conference on High-Speed Computing Gleneden Beach, OR April 18-21, 2005 UCRL-PRES-211383 Salishan -2 Document the requirements to move beyond a 100 TF ASC computing

  18. Tidal Energy Basics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy » Ocean » Tidal Energy Basics Tidal Energy Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Photo of the ocean rising along the beach. Some of the oldest ocean energy technologies use tidal power. All coastal areas experience two high tides and two low tides over a period of slightly more than 24 hours. For those tidal differences to be harnessed into electricity, the difference between high and low tides must be more than 16 feet (or at least 5 meters). However, there are only about

  19. Ocean dumping of dredged material in the New York Bight Apex. Hearing before the Committee on Public Works and Transportation, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, April 11, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    New York City's proposal to dump contaminated dredge spoil six miles out in the Atlantic Ocean prompted a hearing on the possible environmental and economic effects. Test samples taken in 1981 showed unacceptable levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), while samples taken in 1983 were approved by the Army Corps of Engineers for dumping. Questions about the sampling procedures, siltation, and contamination of fish and beaches were raised. The 21 witnesses included local and state officials of the affected areas and representatives of the Corps, environmental groups, and the fishing industry. (DCK)

  20. 2009 - 02 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Feb 2009 Sat, 2009-02-21 00:00 Top information officer will also head technology (Daily Press) Mon, 2009-02-16 00:00 Local firms benefit from Jefferson Lab upgrade (Inside Business) Sun, 2009-02-08 00:00 Science wizards wow audience (Daily Press) Thu, 2009-02-05 00:00 Jefferson Lab in Va awards $14.1 million contract (Daily Press) Wed, 2009-02-04 00:00 Jefferson Lab Awards $14.1 Million Contract To Virginia Beach Construction Company

  1. Blueprint for Sustainability - Sustainable Solutions for Every Consumer |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cathy Zoi Former Assistant Secretary, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What will this project do? The new offshore wind strategy lays out a path to potentially have 54 gigawatts of offshore wind capacity by 2030, enough to power more than 15 million homes with clean, renewable energy. Have you ever flown a kite at the beach? If you have, you know how breezy it can be. A few miles offshore, you'll find that the wind is even stronger and steadier. And it's like that all around

  2. Increasing Waterflooding Reservoirs in the Wilmington Oil Field through Improved Reservoir Characterization and Reservoir Management, Class III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koerner, Roy; Clarke, Don; Walker, Scott; Phillips, Chris; Nguyen, John; Moos, Dan; Tagbor, Kwasi

    2001-08-07

    This project was intended to increase recoverable waterflood reserves in slope and basin reservoirs through improved reservoir characterization and reservoir management. The particular application of this project is in portions of Fault Blocks IV and V of the Wilmington Oil Field, in Long Beach, California, but the approach is widely applicable in slope and basin reservoirs, transferring technology so that it can be applied in other sections of the Wilmington field and by operators in other slope and basin reservoirs is a primary component of the project.

  3. System Software: A Necessary but Ill-prepared Hero. (Conference) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Connect System Software: A Necessary but Ill-prepared Hero. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: System Software: A Necessary but Ill-prepared Hero. Abstract not provided. Authors: Heroux, Michael Allen Publication Date: 2014-01-01 OSTI Identifier: 1140697 Report Number(s): SAND2014-0809C 498679 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC04-94AL85000 Resource Type: Conference Resource Relation: Conference: Salishan Conference on High Speed Computing held April 21-24, 2014 in Gleneden Beach, OR.;

  4. A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams June 24, 2015 - 2:18pm Addthis A Warm Weather Win-Win: Summer Fun and Clean Energy with Hydropower Dams Hoyt Battey Market Acceleration and Deployment Program Manager, Wind and Water Power Technologies Office Summer is a time for going to the beach-or at least going out on the water to beat the heat. But not every splashy

  5. Blowing in the Wind ...Offshore | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Blowing in the Wind ...Offshore Blowing in the Wind ...Offshore February 10, 2011 - 9:28am Addthis Cathy Zoi Former Assistant Secretary, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What will this project do? The new offshore wind strategy lays out a path to potentially have 54 gigawatts of offshore wind capacity by 2030, enough to power more than 15 million homes with clean, renewable energy. Have you ever flown a kite at the beach? If you have, you know how breezy it can be. A few miles

  6. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15th Annual ARM Science Team Meeting Begins with a Roar Bookmark and Share Talk about a change of scenery. Scientists replaced Harley riders as the 15th Annual ARM Science Team Meeting began March 14-18, 2005, in Daytona Beach, Florida, just as thousands of motorcycles involved in Daytona's 64th Annual "Bike Week" roared out of town. Almost 300 participants from 10 countries came together for this once-a-year opportunity to discuss their findings with program counterparts and plan for

  7. RELAP-7 Development Updates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Hongbin; Zhao, Haihua; Gleicher, Frederick Nathan; DeHart, Mark David; Zou, Ling; Andrs, David; Martineau, Richard Charles

    2015-09-01

    RELAP-7 is a nuclear systems safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory, and is the next generation tool in the RELAP reactor safety/systems analysis application series. RELAP-7 development began in 2011 to support the Risk Informed Safety Margins Characterization (RISMC) Pathway of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program. The overall design goal of RELAP-7 is to take advantage of the previous thirty years of advancements in computer architecture, software design, numerical methods, and physical models in order to provide capabilities needed for the RISMC methodology and to support nuclear power safety analysis. The code is being developed based on Idaho National Laboratory’s modern scientific software development framework – MOOSE (the Multi-Physics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment). The initial development goal of the RELAP-7 approach focused primarily on the development of an implicit algorithm capable of strong (nonlinear) coupling of the dependent hydrodynamic variables contained in the 1-D/2-D flow models with the various 0-D system reactor components that compose various boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor nuclear power plants (NPPs). During Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, the RELAP-7 code has been further improved with expanded capability to support boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor NPPs analysis. The accumulator model has been developed. The code has also been coupled with other MOOSE-based applications such as neutronics code RattleSnake and fuel performance code BISON to perform multiphysics analysis. A major design requirement for the implicit algorithm in RELAP-7 is that it is capable of second-order discretization accuracy in both space and time, which eliminates the traditional first-order approximation errors. The second-order temporal is achieved by a second-order backward temporal difference, and the one-dimensional second-order accurate spatial discretization is achieved with the Galerkin approximation of Lagrange finite elements. During FY-2015, we have done numerical verification work to verify that the RELAP-7 code indeed achieves 2nd-order accuracy in both time and space for single phase models at the system level.

  8. Geology of the Waste Treatment Plant Seismic Boreholes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, D. Brent; Fecht, Karl R.; Reidel, Stephen P.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Lanigan, David C.; Rust, Colleen F.

    2007-05-11

    In 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy initiated the Seismic Boreholes Project (SBP) to emplace boreholes at the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) site in order to obtain direct shear wave velocity (Vs) measurements and other physical property measurements in Columbia River basalt and interbedded sediments of the Ellensburg Formation. The goal was to reduce the uncertainty in the response spectra and seismic design basis, and potentially recover design margin for the WTP. The characterization effort within the deep boreholes included 1) downhole measurements of the velocity properties of the suprabasalt, basalt, and sedimentary interbed sequences, 2) downhole measurements of the density of the subsurface basalt and sediments, and 3) geologic studies to confirm the geometry of the contact between the various basalt and interbedded sediments through examination of retrieved core from the core hole and data collected through geophysical logging of each borehole. This report describes the results of the geologic studies from three mud-rotary boreholes and one cored borehole at the WTP. All four boreholes penetrated the entire Saddle Mountains Basalt and the upper part of the Wanapum Basalt where thick sedimentary interbeds occur between the lava flows. The basalt flows penetrated in Saddle Mountains Basalt included the Umatilla Member, Esquatzel Member, Pomona Member, and the Elephant Mountain Member. The underlying Priest Rapids Member of the Wanapum Basalt also was penetrated. The Ellensburg Formation sediments consist of the Mabton Interbed, the Cold Creek Interbed, the Selah Interbed, and the Rattlesnake Ridge Interbed; the Byron Interbed occurs between two flows of the Priest Rapids Member. The Mabton Interbed marks the contact between the Wanapum and Saddle Mountains Basalts. The thicknesses of the basalts and interbedded sediments were within expected limits. However, a small reverse fault was found in the Pomona Member flow top. This fault has three periods of movement and less than 15 ft of repeated section. Most of the movement on the fault appears to have occurred before the youngest lava flow, the 10.5-million-year-old Elephant Mountain Member, was emplaced above the Pomona Member.

  9. Interaction of marine and fluvial clastic sedimentation, central Italy, Tyrrhenian coast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evangelista, S.; Full, W.E.; Tortora, P.

    1989-03-01

    An integrated approach was used to study the interaction of fluvial, beach, and marine processes on sedimentation at the west-central coast of Italy along the Tyrrhenian Sea. The study area, 120 km northwest of Rome, is bounded on the north by Mt. Argentario, on the east by Pleistocene volcanics, on the south by the St. Augustine River, and on the west by the 50-mn bathymetric isopleth. The primary tools used included field work, textural analysis, high-resolution marine seismic, SEM, and Fourier shape analysis. Field work revealed incised streams, potentially relict beach ridges and lagoons, and relatively steep nearshore marine slopes in the northern portions of the study area. The result of the shape analysis performed on 56 samples was the definition of four end members. Each end member reflects a sedimentation process. Three end members were directly associated with fluvial sedimentation, and the fourth reflected marine processes. The seismic data along with the SEM analysis strongly supported the interpretation of four processes that dominate the recent sedimentation history. The sand interpreted to be associated with marine processes was found to represent the smoothest end member. SEM analysis suggests that the smoothing is not due to abrasion but to plastering associated with biologic processes (digestion.) and/or with silica precipitation associated with clay alteration at the freshwater/saltwater interface.

  10. Autecology of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in tropical waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivera, S.; Lugo, T.; Hazen, T.C.

    1988-12-31

    Water and shellfish samples collected from estuaries, mangroves, and beaches along the coast of Puerto Rico were examined for Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. An array of water quality parameters were also measured simultaneous with bacteria sampling. Both species of vibrio were associated with estuary and mangrove locations, and neither was isolated from sandy beaches. Densities of V. vulnificus were negatively correlated with salinity, 10--15 ppt being optimal. V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from sites with salinities between 20 and 35 ppt, the highest densities occurring at 20 ppt. Densities of Vibrio spp. and V. parahaemolyticus for a tropical estuary surpassed those reported for temperate estuaries by several orders of magnitude. Both densities of total Vibrio spp. and V. parahaemolyticus in the water were directly related to densities of fecal coliforms, unlike V. vulnificus. The incidence of ONPG(+) strains among sucrose({minus}) Vibrio spp. served as an indicator of the frequency of V. vulnificus in this group. More than 63% of the V. vulnificus isolated were pathogenic. V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus occupy clearly separate niches within the tropical estuarine-marine ecosystem.

  11. OCT (Offshore Technology Conference) accents deepwater action around the globe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yost, P.; Scarborough, R.H.

    1980-05-12

    According to P. Yost (US Coast Guard) at the 12th Offshore Technology Conference (Houston 1980), the US Coast Guard's high-seas boom and skimmer equipment worked well with the strong constant currents and heavy crude involved in the Ixtoc blowout but due to a lighter crude and more variable currents, was not as successful in containing spills from the Burmah Agate tanker in the fall of 1989. Texas beaches will not remove any more oil from the Ixtoc blowout, but the long term effects of the spill remain unknown. Federal and state officials are examining options concerning the 17-19 tar mats deposited by the spill on the beaches; the only way to remove the tar mats might be by bulldozer at low tide. A Coast Guard study of tanker and freighter traffic off Galveston, Texas has been completed and recommendations, possibly involving earlier boarding by pilots of incoming vessels, will be made soon. Other papers presented at the OTC are discussed.

  12. The use of field methods to evaluate the toxicity of lead to plants at a small arms firing range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeShields, B.R.; Meredith, R.W.; Griffin, D.; Laughlin, T. [Harding Lawson Associates, Novato, CA (United States); Collins, W. [Army, Presidio of Monterey, CA (United States). Directorate of Environmental and Natural Resources Management

    1998-12-31

    The beach dunes at Fort Ord, California, were historically used as small arms firing ranges, resulting in the accumulation of spent bullets and varying concentrations of lead in soil. The form of the lead, and thus its bioavailability, is important in assessing associated ecological risks at firing ranges. Of particular interest at the beach firing ranges at Fort Ord are two species of buckwheat plants that provide habitat for an endangered butterfly. Initially, lead concentrations in soil and plant chaff were measured and root elongation bioassays were conducted. A linear correlation between lead in soil and lead in plant chaff was observed. However, the results of the bioassays were highly variable with no clear dose response pattern. Additional field studies were conducted to (1) further characterize lead concentrations in soil and plant tissue and (2) evaluate associations between soil lead concentrations and plant morphometric-variables. A relationship between soil and tissue lead concentrations was demonstrated. No significant associations between soil lead levels and plant health/condition were detected. Significant associations were observed between plant health/condition and factors other than lead.

  13. Bahamian Pleistocene model for some Mississippian oolites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bain, R.J. (Univ. of Akron, OH (USA))

    1989-08-01

    San Salvador Island, unlike most Bahamian islands, is a narrow isolated platform surrounded by deep ocean. Therefore, sedimentary deposits on San Salvador must be explained in terms of processes and settings on this narrow, isolated shelf. Pleistocene oolite occurs between Illinoian and Wisconsinan paleosols. Dune ridges of up to 120 ft are composed of Pleistocene cross-bedded oolitic grainstone, whereas interdunal deposits are bioclastic packstone and wackestone containing abundant Chione cancellata. In lower dunal deposits, bioclastic content increases and the degree of sorting decreases. A fenestral porosity zone occurs approximately 5 ft above present-day sea level. In several ridges, oolite drapes over older paleosol-capped bioclastic ridges. During the Sangamonian, sea water flooded the platform, however some remnant Aftonian ridges remained above sea level. As cold water from the surrounding deep ocean warmed on the shelf, ooids were generated and were washed onto beaches and blown into dunes. Remnant ridges restricted water movement and acted as nucleii for eolian ooid dunes. As sea level continued to rise, ooids were replaced by lagoonal bioclastic deposits. Ooid production was restricted to the swash zone along beaches resulting in the mixture of ooids and bioclastic sand in later Sangamonian deposits. Numerous Mississippian oolites display features similar to the Pleistocene oolite of San Salvador Island. Possible comparisons include thick lenses of Ste. Genevieve and Bangor limestones, paleosols in the Ste. Genevieve halo-shaped bodies of Greenbrier oolite, and the relationship of nearly all olites with bioclastic facies.

  14. Shallow ground-water flow, water levels, and quality of water, 1980-84, Cowles Unit, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, D.A.; Shedlock, R.J.

    1986-01-01

    The Cowles Unit of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in Porter County, northwest Indiana, contains a broad dune-beach complex along the southern shoreline of Lake Michigan and a large wetland, called the Great Marsh, that occupies the lowland between the shoreline dunes and an older dune-beach complex farther inland. Water levels and water quality in the surficial aquifer were monitored from 1977 to 1984 near settling ponds on adjacent industrial property at the western end of the Cowles Unit. Since 1980, when the settling pond bottoms were sealed, these intradunal lowlands contained standing water only during periods of high snowmelt or rainfall. Water level declines following the cessation of seepage ranged from 6 feet at the eastern-most settling pond to nearly 14 feet at the western-most pond. No general pattern of water table decline was observed in the Great Marsh or in the shoreline dune complex at distances > 3,000 ft east or north of the settling ponds. Since the settling ponds were sealed, the concentration of boron has decreased while concentrations of cadmium, arsenic, zinc, and molybdenum in shallow ground-water downgradient of the ponds show no definite trends in time. Arsenic, boron and molybdenum have remained at concentrations above those of shallow groundwater in areas unaffected by settling pond seepage. 11 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  15. H. R. 2959: a bill to amend making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, July 10, 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    The fiscal year 1986 appropriations bill for energy and water development covers projects of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Department of the Interior (DOI), the Department of Energy, and independent agencies. Title I funds the civilian work on rivers and harbors and for the control of floods and beach erosion performed under the Department of Defense, while Title II funds the Bureau of Reclamation and emergency funds used by DOI. Title III funds DOE activities in energy supply, research, and development, which includes uranium supply and enrichment, nuclear waste disposal, and atomic energy defense activities. It also covers the power marketing administrations, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and loan guarantee programs for geothermal and other energy development.

  16. H. R. 5162: an act making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 197, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, July 25, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    The appropriations cited in this bill use funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated for energy and water development programs during fiscal year 1987. The funds are to be available to the Corps of Engineers for projects involving rivers and harbors, flood control beach erosion, and other related purposes. The bill allocates funds for specific projects in each category. Title II allocates funds for the administration and operation of the Bureau of Reclamation and for emergency and special funds. Title II allocates funds for DOE activities in the purchase, construction, and acquisition of plant and capital equipment and other expenses associated with research and development of energy supply and power marketing. Title IV covers independent agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Tennessee Valley Authority.

  17. Laboratory verification of blast-induced liquefaction mechanism. Final report Jan-Jul 81

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fragaszy, R.J.; Voss, M.E.

    1981-10-01

    A mechanism for blast-induced liquefaction was tested in a series of high pressure undrained, isotropic compression tests on saturated samples of Eniwetok beach sand and Ottawa sand. Theory, based on inelastic volume compressibility of sand, was shown to be valid for the case of quasi-static, isotropic loading. Specimens of Eniwetok sand subjected to an initial effective stress of 1 MPa were liquefied by a single cycle of loading of 34 MPa. Specimens of Ottawa sand, tested in the same manner, generated excess pore pressure but not enough to completely liquefy the soil. The errors introduced by flexibility of the testing systems were analyzed and found to be insignificant. Suggestions for future research were made.

  18. Evaluation of liquefaction potential for building code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nunziata, C.; De Nisco, G.; Panza, G. F.

    2008-07-08

    The standard approach for the evaluation of the liquefaction susceptibility is based on the estimation of a safety factor between the cyclic shear resistance to liquefaction and the earthquake induced shear stress. Recently, an updated procedure based on shear-wave velocities (V{sub s}) has been proposed which could be more easily applied.These methods have been applied at La Plaja beach of Catania, that experienced liquefaction because of the 1693 earthquake. The detailed geotechnical and V{sub s} information and the realistic ground motion computed for the 1693 event let us compare the two approaches. The successful application of the V{sub s} procedure, slightly modified to fit historical and safety factor information, even if additional field performances are needed, encourages the development of a guide for liquefaction potential analysis, based on well defined V{sub s} profiles to be included in the italian seismic code.

  19. Survey of Potential Hanford Site Contaminants in the Upper Sediment for the Reservoirs at McNary, John Day, The Dalles, and Bonneville Dams, 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Gregory W.; Priddy, M; Yokel, Jerel W.; Delistraty, Damon A.; Stoops, Thomas M.

    2005-02-01

    This report presents the results from a multi-agency cooperative environmental surveillance study. of the study looked at sediment from the pools upstream from dams on the Columbia River that are downstream from Hanford Site operations. The radiological and chemical conditions existing in the upper-level sediment found in the pools upstream from McNary Dam, John Day Dam, The Dalles Lock and Dam, and Bonneville Dam were evaluated. This study also evaluated beach sediment where available. Water samples were collected at McNary Dam to further evaluate potential Hanford contaminants in the lower Columbia River. Samples were analyzed for radionuclides, chemicals, and physical parameters. Results from this study were compared to background values from sediment and water samples collect from the pool upstream of Priest Rapids Dam (upstream of the Hanford Site) by the Hanford Site Surface Environmental Surveillance Project.

  20. Coastal Zone Management Act and related legislation: Revision 3. Environmental Guidance Program Reference Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-15

    In recognition of the increasing pressures upon the nation`s coastal resources, Congress enacted the Coastal Zone Management Act in 1972. Its purpose is to encourage states to preserve, protect, develop, and, where possible, restore or enhance such valuable natural resources as wetlands, floodplains, estuaries, beaches, dunes, barrier islands, and coral reefs, as well as the fish and wildlife utilizing those habitats. A unique feature of the Act is that participation by states is voluntary. One key provision for encouraging states to participate is the availability of federal financial assistance to any coastal state or territory, including those on the Great Lakes, which is willing to develop and implement a comprehensive coastal management program. Additionally, the Coastal Barrier Resources Act (CBRA) was passed in 1983. This report contains the legislative history and statues associated with each Act. Regulations for implementation and other guidance are included.

  1. Impact of oil in the tropical marine environment. Technical pub

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cintron, G.; Lugo, A.E.; Martinez, R.; Cintron, B.B.; Encarnacion, L.

    1981-11-01

    Oil spills have a devastating effect on biologically rich coastal environments. This report investigates this problem, covering damage by oil to biological systems, the use of dispersants (toxicity and considerations for dispersant use), impact of oil and dispersants on coral reefs, impact of oil on seagrass beds and sandy beaches, impact of oil on mangroves (seedling survival and tolerance, regeneration, forest type vulnerability, and cleanup and recovery activities in mangroves), conclusions, and recommendations. The study concludes that coral reefs and seagrass beds may escape significant spill damage if pollution is not chronic and if dispersants are not used. Sandy and rocky shores may be severely impacted but recover quickly. Mangroves are the most vulnerable coastal ecosystem. Recommendations are that oil spill contingency plans must be prepared for all areas, and that the necessary equipment for the plans must be in place.

  2. Compliance problems of small utility systems with the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978: volume II - appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1981-01-01

    A study of the problems of compliance with the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 experienced by electric utility systems which have a total generating capacity of less than 2000 MW is presented. This volume presents the following appendices: (A) case studies (Farmington, New Mexico; Lamar, Colorado; Dover, Delaware; Wolverine Electric Cooperative, Michigan; Central Telephone and Utilities, Kansas; Sierra Pacific Power Company, Nevada; Vero Beach, Florida; Lubbock, Texas; Western Farmers Cooperative, Oklahoma; and West Texas Utilities Company, Texas); (B) contacts and responses to study; (C) joint action legislation chart; (D) Texas Municipal Power Agency case study; (E) existing generating units jointly owned with small utilities; (F) future generating units jointly owned with small utilities; (G) Federal Register Notice of April 17, 1980, and letter of inquiry to utilities; (H) small utility responses; and (I) Section 744, PIFUA. (WHK)

  3. Cylinder surface, temperature may affect LPG odorization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McWilliams, H.

    1988-01-01

    A study of possible odorant fade in propane by the Arthur D. Little Co. (Boston) has indicated that oxidation of interior surfaces of LPG containers may cause the odorant, ethyl mercaptan, to fade. The oxidation, ferous oxide, is a black, easily oxidizable powder that is the monoxide of iron. The study, contracted for by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), is part of that agency's study of residential LP-gas systems. Another study is currently underway by an NLPGA task force headed by Bob Reid of Petrolane (Long Beach, Calif.). It may not be finished until the end of next year. Recently, the Propane Gas Association of Canada completed a study of odorant fade with the conclusion that much more study is needed on the subject. In addition to the cylinder surface problem, the CPSC study indicated that ambient temperatures might also affect the presence of odorant in product. This article reviews some of the results.

  4. The Tenth Annual Solid-State Lighting R&D Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 250 researchers, manufacturers, and other industry insiders and observers gathered in Long Beach, CA, January 29–31, 2013, to participate in DOE's tenth annual Solid-State Lighting (SSL) R&D Workshop. DOE SSL Program Manager James Brodrick kicked off Day 1 by noting how far SSL has come in the past 10 years. Whereas in 2003 LEDs were just starting to gain a foothold in traffic signals and exit signs, today they're used for nearly every lighting application, and OLED niche products are gaining traction. Brodrick noted that despite the progress, there's still significant headroom, and urged attendees to explore ways to maximize efficacy, "not compared to what was, but compared to what is and what can be." He emphasized the present opportunity to push the boundaries with new approaches, product designs, form factors, and value-added features.

  5. Petroleum hydrocarbons in near-surface seawater of Prince William Sound, Alaska, following the Exxon Valdez oil spill II: Analysis of caged mussels. Air/water study number 3. Subtidal study number 3a. Exxon Valdez oil spill state/federal natural resource damage assessment final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Short, J.W.; Harris, P.M.

    1995-07-01

    Mussels (Mytilus trossulus) were deployed at 22 locations inside Prince William Sound and 16 locations outside the Sound at depths of 1, 5 and 25 m for 2 to 8 weeks to determine the biological availability and persistence of petroleum-derived hydrocarbons from the Exxon Valdez Oil (EVO) spill. Four successive deployments were made in 1989, and two each in 1990 and 1991. Mussels were analyzed for 27 alkane and 43 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) analytes. PAH concentrations derived from EVO in mussels decreased with depth, time, and distance from heavily oiled beaches. Hydrocarbon accumulation derived from EVO by deployed mussels indicates petroleum hydrocarbons were available to subsurface marine fauna the summer following the spill, which may be a route of oil ingestion exposure by fauna at high trophic levels.

  6. Frontal Eddy Dynamics (FRED) experiment off North Carolina: Volume 2. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebbesmeyer, C.C.

    1988-03-01

    In preparation for oil and gas lease sales on the outer continental shelf offshore of North Carolina, the Minerals Management Service was requested to investigate the potential transport and impacts of oil spilled offshore. Of particular concern is estimating the movement of spilled oil, especially the probability of shoreward transport and/or beaching of the floatable fraction. Although the speed and location of the Gulf Stream are well known, knowledge of the meanders of the Gulf Stream is limited. How the circulatory structure and movement of associated frontal eddies and filaments affect the North Carolina coastal waters is not clear. This present study investigates the interactions of these circulatory elements and follows the evolution of frontal eddies as they migrate along the North Carolina coast.

  7. NRC TLD direct radiation monitoring network: Progress report, July--September 1997. Volume 17, Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Struckmeyer, R.

    1998-01-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Direct Radiation Monitoring Network is operated by the NRC in cooperation with participating states to provide continuous measurement of the ambient radiation levels around licensed NRC facilities, primarily power reactors. Ambient radiation levels result from naturally occurring radionuclides present in the soil, cosmic radiation constantly bombarding the earth from outer space, and the contribution, if any, from the monitored facilities and other man-made sources. The Network is intended to measure radiation levels during routine facility operations and to establish background radiation levels used to assess the radiological impact of an unusual condition, such as an accident. This report presents the radiation levels measured around all facilities in the Network for the third quarter of 1996. A complete listing of the site facilities monitored is included. In some instances, two power reactor facilities are monitored by the same set of dosimeters (e.g., Kewaunee and Point Beach).

  8. The Packing of Granular Polymer Chains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, Ling-Nan; Cheng, Xiang; Rivers, Mark L.; Jaeger, Heinrich M.; Nagel, Sidney R.; UC

    2009-12-01

    Rigid particles pack into structures, such as sand dunes on the beach, whose overall stability is determined by the average number of contacts between particles. However, when packing spatially extended objects with flexible shapes, additional concepts must be invoked to understand the stability of the resulting structure. Here, we examine the disordered packing of chains constructed out of flexibly connected hard spheres. Using x-ray tomography, we find that long chains pack into a low-density structure whose mechanical rigidity is mainly provided by the backbone. On compaction, randomly oriented, semi-rigid loops form along the chain, and the packing of chains can be understood as the jamming of these elements. Finally, we uncover close similarities between the packing of chains and the glass transition in polymers.

  9. Georgia Shore Assistance Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pendergrast, C.

    1984-01-01

    The Georgia General Assembly passed the Shore Assistance Act in 1979 in order to fill a regulatory gap in the state's management of its coastal resources. A review of its legislative history, purposes, applications, and effects in terms of the sand sharing system of sand dunes, beaches, sandbars, and shoals concludes that the Act is poorly drafted. In its application on the oceanfront, it betrays its intent and protects the oceanfront owner. It has failed to satisfy the requirements of the public trust in the tidal foreshore. Amendments to clarify its understanding of the functions and values of the sand-sharing system should also conform with the state's duties under the public trust. 139 references.

  10. Adapting to sea-level rise in the US Southeast: The influence of built infrastructure and biophysical factors on the inundation of coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, R. C.; Gornitz, V. M.; Mehta, A. J.; Lee, Saychong

    1992-11-01

    The earth' s global mean surface air temperature has increased by 0.5°C over the past 100 years. This warming trend has occurred concurrently with increases in the concentration and number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases may cause this trend to accelerate in the future and result in a net increase in the earth's global mean surface air temperature of 1.5 to 4.5°C by the year 2100. An increase of this magnitude could cause sea surface temperatures to increase would cause sea levels to rise -from thermal expansion of the sea, and the addition of melt waters from alpine glaciers and continental ice sheets. To allow for the cost-effective analysis of the impacts that sea-level rise may have on the US Southeast, a method is needed that will allow sites that are potentially at risk to be identified for study. Previously, no objective method was available to identify such sites. This project addresses this problem by using a geographic data base with information on both physical and climatological factors to identify coastal areas of the US Southeast that are at risk to inundation or accelerated erosion due to sea-level rise. The following six areas were selected for further study from the many identified as being at high risk: Galveston, Texas; Caminada Pass, Louisiana; Bradenton Beach, Florida; Daytona Beach, Florida; McClellanville, South Carolina; and Nags Head, North Carolina. For each study area the amount of land, by land use type, in danger from inundation from three sea-level-rise scenarios was calculated. The calculated values were based on elevation alone.

  11. Adapting to sea-level rise in the US Southeast: The influence of built infrastructure and biophysical factors on the inundation of coastal areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, R.C. |; Gornitz, V.M.; Mehta, A.J.; Lee, Saychong; Cushman, R.M.

    1992-11-01

    The earth` s global mean surface air temperature has increased by 0.5{degrees}C over the past 100 years. This warming trend has occurred concurrently with increases in the concentration and number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases may cause this trend to accelerate in the future and result in a net increase in the earth`s global mean surface air temperature of 1.5 to 4.5{degrees}C by the year 2100. An increase of this magnitude could cause sea surface temperatures to increase would cause sea levels to rise -from thermal expansion of the sea, and the addition of melt waters from alpine glaciers and continental ice sheets. To allow for the cost-effective analysis of the impacts that sea-level rise may have on the US Southeast, a method is needed that will allow sites that are potentially at risk to be identified for study. Previously, no objective method was available to identify such sites. This project addresses this problem by using a geographic data base with information on both physical and climatological factors to identify coastal areas of the US Southeast that are at risk to inundation or accelerated erosion due to sea-level rise. The following six areas were selected for further study from the many identified as being at high risk: Galveston, Texas; Caminada Pass, Louisiana; Bradenton Beach, Florida; Daytona Beach, Florida; McClellanville, South Carolina; and Nags Head, North Carolina. For each study area the amount of land, by land use type, in danger from inundation from three sea-level-rise scenarios was calculated. The calculated values were based on elevation alone.

  12. Field test of two high-pressure direct-contact downhole steam generators. Volume II. Oxygen/diesel system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreno, J.B.

    1983-07-01

    A field test of an oxygen/diesel fuel, direct contact steam generator has been completed. The field test, which was a part of Project DEEP STEAM and was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, involved the thermal stimulation of a well pattern in the Tar Zone of the Wilmington Oil Field. The activity was carried out in cooperation with the City of Long Beach and the Long Beach Oil Development Company. The steam generator was operated at ground level, with the steam and combustion products delivered to the reservoir through 2022 feet of calcium-silicate insulated tubing. The objectives of the test included demonstrations of safety, operational ease, reliability and lifetime; investigations of reservoir response, environmental impact, and economics; and comparison of those points with a second generator that used air rather than oxygen. The test was extensively instrumented to provide the required data. Excluding interruptions not attributable to the oxygen/diesel system, steam was injected 78% of the time. System lifetime was limited by the combustor, which required some parts replacement every 2 to 3 weeks. For the conditions of this particular test, the use of trucked-in LOX resulted in liess expense than did the production of the equivalent amount of high pressure air using on site compressors. No statistically significant production change in the eight-acre oxygen system well pattern occurred during the test, nor were any adverse effects on the reservoir character detected. Gas analyses during the field test showed very low levels of SOX (less than or equal to 1 ppM) in the generator gaseous effluent. The SOX and NOX data did not permit any conclusion to be drawn regarding reservoir scrubbing. Appreciable levels of CO (less than or equal to 5%) were measured at the generator, and in this case produced-gas analyses showed evidence of significant gas scrubbing. 64 figures, 10 tables.

  13. Paint Rock and southwest Paint Rock fields, Concho County, Texas: Strawn analogs of modern island carbonate facies of Ambergris Cay, Belize

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, A.M.; Mazzullo, S.J.

    1987-02-01

    Lower Strawn (Desmoinesian Goen Limestone) reservoirs at Paint Rock and Southwest Paint Rock fields are a complex of carbonate and associated facies interpreted as having been deposited in various environments on and around large, emergent islands on shallow carbonate shelves. The origin and geometries of the component lithofacies in these fields, and their reservoir diagenetic histories, are similar to those presently accumulating on Ambergris Cay, a linear island complex on the northern shelf of Belize. Paint Rock field originated as a narrow, elongate Chaetetes reef trend that formed the foundation on which the overlying island facies were deposited. As on Ambergris Cay, these reef limestones developed extensive porosity during postdepositional subaerial exposure due to meteoric leaching. In contrast, Southwest Paint Rock field is cored by older island deposits rather than reef limestones. With ensuing stillstand or subsequent sea level rise, beach grainstones were deposited along the windward and leeward margins of the foundation highs in these fields. Tight lagoonal micrites and coals (peat-swamp facies) comprise the inner island facies, and are locally associated with porous supratidal dolomites. These island complexes are transected locally by tidal channels that are filled with nonporous micrites. Repeated sea level fluctuations during the history of these fields resulted in a characteristic cyclic stratigraphy of stacked island facies and reservoirs. The reservoirs in the field are developed in the bedrock or older island cores, as well as in the overlying beach facies and supratidal dolomites. These fields are mappable as linear stratigraphic traps with low-relief closure, and are readily identified by subsurface geologic and facies analyses. Similar shelf island-type fields analogous to these strawn and Holocene Belizean examples are found throughout the Midland basin and Eastern shelf.

  14. Twenty years of sedimentary change and diagenesis, Qatar Peninsula, Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shinn, E.A.

    1988-02-01

    Re-examination in February 1986 of areas studied by the author in 1966 and 1967 revealed rapid rates of sedimentation and diagenesis along the east coast of the Qatar Peninsula. At Ras Um Sa on the north-east side of Qatar, a series of chenier-like beaches and curved spits is building southward under the influence of longshore currents. Beach and spit growth increasingly protects the shoreline and allows tidal flats to form in their lee. As these spits accrete, they become armored on their lagoonal side by beachrock formation. In the last 20 years a spit approximately 1/2 km long has grown, and beachrock has already armored its recurved lagoonal side. At Umm Said on the southeast side of Qatar, seawardly accreting barchan dunes composed of quartz sand have built a 40-km long, 10-km wide sabkha as thick as 30 m. Aerial and ground photographs show that certain dunes near the seaward edge of the sabkha have migrated into the sea and have contributed to shoreline accretion. The observed rate of dune migration suggests that within approximately 100 years the remaining quartz sands will be depleted and blown into the sea because there is no replenishment of the dune field. Subsequently, the area will revert to one of carbonate deposition. Fine-grained dolomite is presently precipitating in interstitial brines in the landwardmost portions of this unusual sabkha. In the geologic record, such a deposit would be an anomalous, porous and permeable, cross-bedded, linear, 30-m thick, dolomite-cemented sandstone body encased in carbonate sediments. A modern model such as the one at Umm Said can provide useful clues for determining the origin of similar deposits in ancient rocks.

  15. Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program 2014 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, Derek B.; Anderson, David C.; Greger, Paul D.; Ostler, W. Kent

    2015-05-12

    The Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program (EMAC), funded through the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO, formerly Nevada Site Office), monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NNSS biota. This report summarizes the program’s activities conducted by National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), during calendar year 2014. Program activities included (a) biological surveys at proposed activity sites, (b) desert tortoise compliance, (c) ecosystem monitoring, (d) sensitive plant species monitoring, (e) sensitive and protected/regulated animal monitoring, and (f) habitat restoration monitoring. During 2014, all applicable laws, regulations, and permit requirements were met, enabling EMAC to achieve its intended goals and objectives. Sensitive and protected/regulated species of the NNSS include 42 plants, 1 mollusk, 2 reptiles, 236 birds, and 27 mammals. These species are protected, regulated, or considered sensitive according to state or federal regulations and natural resource agencies and organizations. The desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) and the western yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) are the only species on the NNSS protected under the Endangered Species Act, both listed as threatened. However, only one record of the cuckoo has ever been documented on the NNSS, and there is no good habitat for this species on the NNSS. It is considered a rare migrant. Biological surveys for the presence of sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources on which they depend were conducted for 18 projects. A total of 199.18 hectares (ha) was surveyed for these projects. Sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources found during these surveys included a predator burrow, one sidewinder rattlesnake (Crotalus cerastes), two mating speckled rattlesnakes (Crotalus mitchellii), and several species of cacti. NSTec provided to project managers a written summary report of all survey findings and mitigation recommendations, where applicable. Of the 18 projects on the NNSS, 15 occurred within the range of the threatened desert tortoise. Approximately 2.19 ha of desert tortoise habitat were disturbed. No desert tortoises were accidentally injured or killed by project activities, and no tortoises were killed by vehicles. On 13 occasions, tortoises were moved off the road and out of harm’s way. Six tortoises were found and transmitters attached as part of an approved study to assess impacts of vehicles on tortoises on the NNSS. NSTec biologists continued to monitor 37 juvenile desert tortoises as part of a collaborative effort to study survival and temperament of translocated animals. From 1978 until 2013, there has been an average of 11.2 wildland fires per year on the NNSS with an average of about 83.7 ha burned per fire. There were no wildland fires documented on the NNSS during 2014. Results from the wildland fuel surveys showed a very low risk of wildland fire due to reduced fuel loads caused by limited natural precipitation. Limited reptile trapping and reptile roadkill surveys were conducted to better define species distribution on the NNSS. Sixteen reptiles were trapped representing five species. Combined with data from 2013, 183 road kills were detected, representing 11 snake and 8 lizard species. Selected natural water sources were monitored to assess trends in physical and biological parameters, and one new water source was found. Wildlife use at five water troughs and four radiologically contaminated sumps was documented using motion-activated cameras. As part of the statewide effort to disseminate information throughout the botanical community, NSTec prepared a shape file with site-specific data for all 17 sensitive plants on the NNSS and provided it to the Nevada Natural Heritage Program for inclusion in their statewide database. No field surveys were conducted this year for sensitive plants on the NNSS due to poor growing conditions. Surveys of sensitive and protected/regulated animals during 2014 focused on winter raptors, bats, wild horses (Equus caballus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), desert bighorn sheep (Ovis Canadensis nelsoni), and mountain lions (Puma concolor). Two permanent, long-term winter raptor survey routes were established and sampled in January and February. A total of 27 raptors representing 4 species were observed. The wild horse population increased from 30 to 41, with several yearlings recruiting into the population, possibly due to the death of a mountain lion known to prey on horse foals. Mule deer abundance and density measured with standardized deer surveys was similar to 2013 and appears to be stable. Desert bighorn sheep, including rams, ewes, and lambs, were detected using motion-activated cameras at four water sources. There are plans to conduct helicopter surveys to census the population during September 2015 and then capture and radio-collar up to 20 sheep during November 2015. Over 150 sheep scat samples have been collected for genetic analysis to try to determine how sheep on the NNSS are related to surrounding sheep populations. Information is presented about bird mortalities, Migratory Bird Treaty Act compliance, and a summary of nuisance animals and their control on the NNSS. A total of 93 mountain lion images (i.e., photographs or video clips) were taken during 220,379 camera hours at 16 of 32 sites sampled and another 11,946 images of at least 29 species other than mountain lions were taken as well. A mountain lion telemetry study continued in 2014. NNSS7 was tracked from January 1 to November 15 using a global positioning system satellite transmitter. He consumed 21 mule deer, 17 desert bighorn sheep, 1 juvenile bobcat, and 3 coyotes. Mule deer were primarily taken in the summer and fall. No new mountain lions were captured. A minimum of four adult lions (two males, two females), a subadult male, and three kittens were known to inhabit the NNSS during 2014. Two previously revegetated sites on the NNSS and one on the Tonopah Test Range (TTR) were monitored in 2014. The cover cap on the U-3ax/bl disposal unit, revegetated in 2000, and the 92-Acre Site at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Complex, revegetated in 2011, were the restoration sites monitored on the NNSS. The Corrective Action Unit 407 Rollercoaster RADSAFE site, revegetated in 2000, was the restoration site monitored on the TTR. Plant cover and density were recorded at all sites except U-3ax/bl (qualitative monitoring), and reclamation success standards were evaluated, where applicable.

  16. Salmon Life Histories, Habitat, and Food Webs in the Columbia River Estuary: An Overview of Research Results, 2002-2006.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bottom, Daniel L.; Anderson, Greer; Baptisa, Antonio

    2008-08-01

    From 2002 through 2006 we investigated historical and contemporary variations in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha life histories, habitat associations, and food webs in the lower Columbia River estuary (mouth to rkm 101). At near-shore beach-seining sites in the estuary, Chinook salmon occurred during all months of the year, increasing in abundance from January through late spring or early summer and declining rapidly after July. Recently emerged fry dispersed throughout the estuary in early spring, and fry migrants were abundant in the estuary until April or May each year. Each spring, mean salmon size increased from the tidal freshwater zone to the estuary mouth; this trend may reflect estuarine growth and continued entry of smaller individuals from upriver. Most juvenile Chinook salmon in the mainstem estuary fed actively on adult insects and epibenthic amphipods Americorophium spp. Estimated growth rates of juvenile Chinook salmon derived from otolith analysis averaged 0.5 mm d-1, comparable to rates reported for juvenile salmon Oncorhynchus spp. in other Northwest estuaries. Estuarine salmon collections were composed of representatives from a diversity of evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) from the lower and upper Columbia Basin. Genetic stock groups in the estuary exhibited distinct seasonal and temporal abundance patterns, including a consistent peak in the Spring Creek Fall Chinook group in May, followed by a peak in the Western Cascades Fall Chinook group in July. The structure of acanthocephalan parasite assemblages in juvenile Chinook salmon from the tidal freshwater zone exhibited a consistent transition in June. This may have reflected changes in stock composition and associated habitat use and feeding histories. From March through July, subyearling Chinook salmon were among the most abundant species in all wetland habitat types (emergent, forested, and scrub/shrub) surveyed in the lower 100 km of the estuary. Salmon densities within wetland habitats fell to low levels by July, similar to the pattern observed at mainstem beach-seining sites and coincident with high water temperatures that approached or exceeded 19 C by mid-summer. Wetland habitats were used primarily by small subyearling Chinook salmon, with the smallest size ranges (i.e., rarely exceeding 70 mm by the end of the wetland rearing season) at scrub/shrub forested sites above rkm 50. Wetland sites of all types were utilized by a diversity of genetic stock groups, including less abundant groups such as Interior Summer/Fall Chinook.

  17. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2002-01-31

    The project involves using advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies to improve thermal recovery techniques and lower operating and capital costs in a slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoir in the Wilmington field, Los Angeles Co., Calif. Through September 2001, project work has been completed on the following activities: data preparation; basic reservoir engineering; developing a deterministic three dimensional (3-D) geologic model, a 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model and a rock-log model; well drilling and completions; and surface facilities on the Fault Block II-A Tar Zone (Tar II-A). Work is continuing on research to understand the geochemistry and process regarding the sand consolidation well completion technique, final reservoir tracer work, operational work and research studies to prevent thermal-related formation compaction in the Tar II-A steamflood area, and operational work on the Tar V steamflood pilot and Tar II-A post-steamflood projects. The project team spent the Fourth Quarter 2001 performing routine well work and reservoir surveillance on the Tar II-A post-steamflood and Tar V pilot steamflood projects. The Tar II-A post-steamflood operation started in February 1999 and steam chest fillup occurred in September-October 1999. The targeted reservoir pressures in the ''T'' and ''D'' sands are maintained at 90 {+-} 5% hydrostatic levels by controlling water injection and gross fluid production and through the bimonthly pressure monitoring program enacted at the start of the post-steamflood phase. The project team ramped up well work activity from October 2000 through November 2001 to increase production and injection. In December, water injection well FW-88 was plug and abandoned and replaced by new well FW-295 into the ''D'' sands to accommodate the Port of Long Beach at their expense. Well workovers are planned for 2002 as described in the Operational Management section. Expanding thermal recovery operations to other sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, including the Tar V horizontal well pilot steamflood project, is a critical part of the City of Long Beach and Tidelands Oil Production Company's development strategy for the field. The steamflood operation in the Tar V pilot project is mature and profitable. Recent production performance is below projections because of wellbore mechanical limitations that were being addressed in 2001. As the fluid production is hot, the pilot steamflood was converted to a hot waterflood project in June 2001.

  18. Marginal erg facies: A trial approach toward a descriptive classification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caputo, M.V. ); Langford, R.P. )

    1991-03-01

    During the late 1970s and early 1980s, sedimentologists began recognizing the margins of eolian sand seas as separate, components which differed from interior sand seas in geometry, extent, and facies. Stratigraphers have now observed these differences in eolian rocks. Erg margins may be grouped in five ways: (1) by associations with extradunal environments-coastal plain, lacustrine, periglacial, marine (tidal flat, coastal sabkha, beach, and lagoon), and arid alluvial (alluvial fan, fluvial, playa, inland sabkha); (2) by allocyclic controls-eustasy, plate tectonism, and climate; (3) by autocyclic controls-local tectonism, topography, vegetation, hydrology, structure, sediment source and supply, and wind regime; (4) by geographic position-upwind, downwind, and along-wind margins; and (5) by sedimentary facies-texture and architecture. In contrast with erg interiors, erg margins are characterized by smaller, less complex dune-forms related to thinner sand accumulation; elementary dune architecture; more vegetation and bioturbation; high occurrence of sand sheet, zibar, and serir facies; expansive, low-relief interdunes with widely distributed dunes; and a greater proportion of interbedded extradunal deposits. Some of the published studies on ancient eolian systems have identified erg margin facies that have been influences by marine and arid alluvial processes. Few reports have described lacustrine-eolian and periglacial-eolian interactions. This study is an attempt to organize known features of modern and ancient erg margins into a scheme based on erg margin controls.

  19. Lincoln Park shoreline erosion control project: Monitoring for surface substrate, infaunal bivalves and eelgrass, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antrim, L.D.; Thom, R.M.; Gardiner, W.W.

    1993-09-01

    In 1988, the US Army Corps of Engineers and the City of Seattle placed material on the upper beach at Lincoln Park, in West Seattle, Washington. The fill served to mitigate shoreline erosion that had caused undercutting and collapse of the seawall in several places. A series of pre- and post-construction studies have been conducted to assess the impacts to marine biota of fill placement and movement of surface substrate. This study was designed to monitor infaunal bivalves and eelgrass from intertidal areas in and adjacent to the area of original fill placement. Findings from this survey were compared to previous survey results to determine (1) if recruitment of infaunal bivalves to the fill area has occurred, (2) if infaunal bivalve densities outside the fill area are stable, and (3) if eelgrass distribution and abundance have remained stable along the adjacent shoreline. To maximize comparability of findings from this survey with previous studies, sampling techniques, transects, and tidal elevations were consistent with previous studies at this site.

  20. The Solid Waste Authority: {open_quotes}This place is for the birds{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihalik, M.B.

    1995-12-01

    The Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County (SWA) manages a waste-to-energy facility and landfill adjacent to a site which, during the 1985 Florida drought, served as the largest communal Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeus) roost documented in the United States. Listed as an endangered species, the Snail Kite initiated a Section 7 consulation process as a USCOAE Dredge & Fill permit was sought for construction in 1987. In response to environmental permit requirements, SWA developed and implemented a Wildlife Conservation & Management Program which evaluated the roost`s response to activities associated with site development. Specifically, a seven-year bird monitoring program was conducted on kite usage of this roost from 1987-1993. Impact assessment was expanded to include monitoring the mixed-species wading bird colony which inhabits the same roosting area. Monitoring at the community level serves as a better environmental indicator because Snail Kites are nomadic and respond to regional water level changes. This paper gives an overview of the environmental concerns and approach taken to monitor the roost, describes the different components of the bird monitoring program, and summarizes the findings of the 7-year data collection. An evaluation of the SWA project with regards to impacts on Snail Kite and wading bird usage of the area is also discussed.

  1. Proceedings of the 24th Seismic Research Review: Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Innovation and Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, N. Jill

    2002-09-17

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 24th Seismic Research Review: Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Innovation and Integration, held 17-19 September, 2002 in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  2. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  3. Sour landfill gas problem solved

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagl, G.; Cantrall, R.

    1996-05-01

    In Broward County, Fla., near Pompano Beach, Waste Management of North America (WMNA, a subsidiary of WMX Technologies, Oak Brook, IL) operates the Central Sanitary Landfill and Recycling Center, which includes the country`s largest landfill gas-to-energy plant. The landfill consists of three collection sites: one site is closed, one is currently receiving garbage, and one will open in the future. Approximately 9 million standard cubic feet (scf) per day of landfill gas is collected from approximately 300 wells spread over the 250-acre landfill. With a dramatic increase of sulfur-containing waste coming to a South Florida landfill following Hurricane Andrew, odors related to hydrogen sulfide became a serious problem. However, in a matter of weeks, an innovative desulfurization unit helped calm the landfill operator`s fears. These very high H{sub 2}S concentrations caused severe odor problems in the surrounding residential area, corrosion problems in the compressors, and sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emission problems in the exhaust gas from the turbine generators.

  4. Annual report, FY 1979 Spent fuel and fuel pool component integrity.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Bailey, W.J.; Schreiber, R.E.; Kustas, F.M.

    1980-05-01

    International meetings under the BEFAST program and under INFCE Working Group No. 6 during 1978 and 1979 continue to indicate that no cases of fuel cladding degradation have developed on pool-stored fuel from water reactors. A section from a spent fuel rack stand, exposed for 1.5 y in the Yankee Rowe (PWR) pool had 0.001- to 0.003-in.-deep (25- to 75-..mu..m) intergranular corrosion in weld heat-affected zones but no evidence of stress corrosion cracking. A section of a 304 stainless steel spent fuel storage rack exposed 6.67 y in the Point Beach reactor (PWR) spent fuel pool showed no significant corrosion. A section of 304 stainless steel 8-in.-dia pipe from the Three Mile Island No. 1 (PWR) spent fuel pool heat exchanger plumbing developed a through-wall crack. The crack was intergranular, initiating from the inside surface in a weld heat-affected zone. The zone where the crack occurred was severely sensitized during field welding. The Kraftwerk Union (Erlangen, GFR) disassembled a stainless-steel fuel-handling machine that operated for 12 y in a PWR (boric acid) spent fuel pool. There was no evidence of deterioration, and the fuel-handling machine was reassembled for further use. A spent fuel pool at a Swedish PWR was decontaminated. The procedure is outlined in this report.

  5. Increasing Heavy Oil Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field through Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Thermal Production Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    City of Long Beach; David K.Davies and Associates; Tidelands Oil Production Company; University of Southern California

    1999-06-25

    The objective of this project is to increase the recoverable heavy oil reserves within sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, near Long Beach, California. This is realized through the testing and application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. It is hoped that the successful application of these technologies will result in their implementation throughout the Wilmington Field and through technology transfer, will be extended to increase the recoverable oil reserves in other slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs. The existing steamflood in the Tar zone of Fault Block (FB) II-A has been relatively insufficient because of several producability problems which are common in SBC reservoir; inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil and non-uniform distribution of the remaining oil. This has resulted in poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves.

  6. Geology and ground shaking: The April 25--26, 1992 Cape Mendocino earthquake sequence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moley, K.; Dengler, L. . Dept. of Geology)

    1993-04-01

    The authors present a simplified geologic map of Humboldt and Del Norte Counties, California and compare it to Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMI) produced by the April 25, 1992 M[sub S] = 7.1, and April 26 Ms = 6.6, and Ms = 6.7 Cape Mendocino earthquakes. The generalized geology was compiled from California Division of Mines and Geology Regional Geology Maps, and area geologic mapping by the USGS and Humboldt State University. Six rock/sediment groups are distinguished by considering lithology, consolidation, compaction, bedding orientation and degree of shearing: (1) landslides and glacial deposits; (2) bay muds and fill, alluvium, lake deposits and beach sand; (3) quaternary marine and non-marine deposits; (4) unstable bedrock; (5) moderately stable bedrock; (6) intrusions. Intensity values for the Saturday earthquake were calculated from over 2,000 surveys to individuals and businesses in the northcoast area by an algorithm based on a weighted sum of survey responses. Numerical data was compiled for over 100 locations in the region. The intensity VIII and greater zone encompassed an area of about 500 km[sup 2] including the communities of Petrolia, Ferndale and Rio Dell. Ground motion generally decays with distance in a roughly radial pattern. A different approach was taken to estimate the pattern of shaking in the two Sunday earthquakes. These earthquakes occurred when most respondents were sleeping and their perception of ground motion was likely to be affected.

  7. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2001-06-27

    The objective of this project is to increase the recoverable heavy oil reserves within sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, near Long Beach, California through the testing and application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The successful application of these technologies will result in expanding their implementation throughout the Wilmington Field and, through technology transfer, to other slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs. The existing steamflood in the Tar zone of Fault Block II-A (Tar II-A) has been relatively inefficient because of several producibility problems which are common in SBC reservoirs: inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil and non-uniform distribution of the remaining oil. This has resulted in poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early steam breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves. A suite of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies are being applied during the project to improve oil recovery and reduce operating costs.

  8. In situ BTEX biotransformation under enhanced nitrate- and sulfate-reducing conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reinhard, M.; Shang, S.; Kitanidis, P.K.; Orwin, E.; Hopkins, G.D.; LeBron, C.A.

    1997-01-01

    In situ anaerobic biotransformation of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-xylene, and m-xylene) was investigated under enhanced nitrate- and sulfate-reducing conditions. Controlled amounts of BTEX compounds added to slugs of treated groundwater were released into a gasoline-contaminated aquifer at Seal Beach, CA. In a series of studies, the slugs, 470-1700 L in volume, were released into the aquifer through a multi-port injection/extraction well and were subsequently withdrawn over a 2-3 month period. To evaluate unamended in situ conditions, the injectate was treated with granular activated carbon (GAC) and augmented with bromide as a tracer. To evaluate nitrate- and sulfate-reducing conditions, the injectate was also deionized and augmented with 200-300 {mu}g/L BTEX, nitrate or sulfate, and background electrolytes. Under unamended conditions, transformation appeared to be limited to the slow removal of toluene and m,p-xylene (i.e. sum of m+p-xylene). Under nitrate-reducing conditions, toluene, ethylbenzene, and m-xylene were transformed without a lag phase in less than 10 days, and o-xylene was transformed in 72 days. Under sulfate-reducing conditions, toluene, m-xylene and o-xylene were completely transformed in less then 50 days, and ethylbenzene was removed in 60 days. Benzene appeared to be removed under sulfate-reducing conditions, but the trend was pronounced only at some levels. 47 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Lifetime of PWR silver-indium-cadmium control rods. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sipush, P.J.; Woodcock, J.; Chickering, R.W.

    1986-03-01

    A hot cell examination was performed on selected rodlets of a lead rod cluster control assembly (RCCA) which had experienced eleven cycles of operation in Point Beach Unit 1. The principal purpose of the program was to evaluate the performance of RCCAs. The hot cell examination of the rodlets involved detailed visual inspections, profilometry, metallography, cladding chemistry, dosimetry, scanning electron microscopy, corrosion tests, microhardness tests, absorber density measurements, and cladding tensile tests. Wear scars and a hairline crack in the cladding were evaluated. The results of the examinations and analysis of WEPCO site photographs led to an estimate of the service life for RCCAs which are used in Westinghouse 14 x 14 fuel assemblies. Also, wear scar widths were correlated with wear scar depths. The correlation may be used to estimate wear scar depths based on site photographs of wear scars for 14 x 14 RCCAs. The results of the program may be used as guidelines for RCCAs for 15 x 15 and 17 x 17 Westinghouse fuel designs. 10 refs., 89 figs., 26 tabs.

  10. Basaltic island sand provenance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsaglia, K.M. . Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1992-01-01

    The Hawaiian Islands are an ideal location to study basaltic sand provenance in that they are a series of progressively older basaltic shield volcanoes with arid to humid microclimates. Sixty-two sand samples were collected from beaches on the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu and Kauai and petrographically analyzed. The major sand components are calcareous bioclasts, volcanic lithic fragments, and monomineralic grains of dense minerals and plagioclase. Proportions of these components vary from island to island, with bioclastic end members being more prevalent on older islands exhibiting well-developed fringing reef systems and volcanic end members more prevalent on younger, volcanically active islands. Climatic variations across the island of Hawaii are reflected in the percentage of weathered detritus, which is greater on the wetter, northern side of the island. The groundmass of glassy, basaltic lithics is predominantly black tachylite, with lesser brown sideromelane; microlitic and lathwork textures are more common than holohyaline vitric textures. Other common basaltic volcanic lithic fragments are holocrystalline aggregates of silt-sized pyroxene or olivine, opaque minerals and plagioclase. Sands derived from alkalic lavas are texturally and compositionally indistinguishable from sands derived from tholeiitic lavas. Although Hawaiian basaltic sands overlap in composition with magmatic arc-derived sands in terms of their relative QFL, QmPK and LmLvLs percentages, they are dissimilar in that they lack felsic components and are more enriched in lathwork volcanic lithic fragments, holocrystalline volcanic lithic fragments, and dense minerals.

  11. Bioventing approach to remediate a gasoline contaminated subsurface. Book chapter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kampbell, D.H.; Wilson, J.T.; Griffin, C.J.

    1992-01-01

    Bioventing is a subsurface process using an air stream to enhance biodegradation of oily contaminants. Two pilot-scale bioventing systems were installed at a field site. Process operations began in October 1990. The field site is located at an air station. A spill in 1969 of about 100,000 kilograms aviation gasoline was caused by a broken underground transfer line. A major portion of the spilled product still persists as an oily-phase residue in a 80x360 meter plume. The subsurface is a uniform beach sand with the ground water level near five meters. Prior to startup of the venting systems, a grass cover was established and a nutrient solution was dispersed throughout the unsaturated subsurface. Subsurface air flow patterns are being determined with a tracer gas of sulfur hexafloride. Soil gas, core material, and underground water are being monitored to determine the extent of remediation. Objectives of the study are to demonstrate that surface emissions of gasoline are minimal, oily residue will be reduced to <100 mg fuel carbon/Kg core material, and the process will be applicable to full-scale remediation. Flow rate is based on a calculated residence time of 24 hours. Surface emission of fuel hydrocarbons have not exceeded 1 micrograms/liter soil gas.

  12. Vulnerability of the US to future sea level rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gornitz, V. . Goddard Inst. for Space Studies); White, T.W.; Cushman, R.M. )

    1991-01-01

    The differential vulnerability of the conterminous United States to future sea level rise from greenhouse climate warming is assessed, using a coastal hazards data base. This data contains information on seven variables relating to inundation and erosion risks. High risk shorelines are characterized by low relief, erodible substrate, subsidence, shoreline retreat, and high wave/tide energies. Very high risk shorelines on the Atlantic Coast (Coastal Vulnerability Index {ge}33.0) include the outer coast of the Delmarva Peninsula, northern Cape Hatteras, and segments of New Jersey, Georgia and South Carolina. Louisiana and sections of Texas are potentially the most vulnerable, due to anomalously high relative sea level rise and erosion, coupled with low elevation and mobile sediments. Although the Pacific Coast is generally the least vulnerable, because of its rugged relief and erosion-resistant substrate, the high geographic variability leads to several exceptions, such as the San Joaquin-Sacramento Delta area, the barrier beaches of Oregon and Washington, and parts of the Puget Sound Lowlands. 31 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. 2005 Chemical Reactions at Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cynthia M. Friend

    2006-03-14

    The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on 2005 Chemical Reactions at Surfaces was held at Ventura Beach Marriott, Ventura California from February 13, 2005 through February 18, 2005. The Conference was well-attended with 124 participants (attendees list attached). The attendees represented the spectrum of endeavor in this field coming from academia, industry, and government laboratories, both U.S. and foreign scientists, senior researchers, young investigators, and students. In designing the formal speakers program, emphasis was placed on current unpublished research and discussion of the future target areas in this field. There was a conscious effort to stimulate lively discussion about the key issues in the field today. Time for formal presentations was limited in the interest of group discussions. In order that more scientists could communicate their most recent results, poster presentation time was scheduled. Attached is a copy of the formal schedule and speaker program and the poster program. In addition to these formal interactions, 'free time' was scheduled to allow informal discussions. Such discussions are fostering new collaborations and joint efforts in the field.

  14. Results of sediment and water sampling for inorganic, organic, and radionuclide analysis at recreation areas and water intakes -- Norris, Melton Hill, and Watts Bar Lakes. Data report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-10-01

    Suspected water quality contamination in Watts Bar Reservoir as a result of activities in past decades at the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Oak Ridge facility is of public concern. DOE, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the State of Tennessee, and other agencies and officials have received many inquiries from the public in recent years concerning this suspected pollution, especially how this potential contamination may affect the health and safety of those persons who use beaches in the area for swimming or other water-body-contact sports. As a result of these concerns, TVA conducted a study in May and June 1991 to obtain data on potential contaminants of concern in the water and sediment of Watts Bar Reservoir. TVA collected water and sediment samples at a total of 29 sites, including 18 recreation areas and 11 water intake locations, located throughout Norris, Melton Hill, and Watts Bar Reservoirs. The samples were analyzed for radionuclides, metals, and organic compounds which could pose a threat to human health.

  15. Oil Stop Valve : Oil Spill Containment Research and Development Project.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourn, Robert D.

    1982-07-01

    This report summarizes the research and development project conducted by the Civil Engineering Section, Division of Substation and Control Engineering, to determine the effectiveness of the oil stop valve for use in the Bonneville Power Administration's Oil Spill Containment and Countermeasure Program. The most attractive alternative to lagoons and separator tanks was found in the oil stop valve manufactured by AFL/Clark Industries of Riviera Beach, Florida. This small, direct-acting and relatively inexpensive valve requires little maintenance and can either be employed independently, using existing drain lines for effluent storage, or in conjunction with oil separator tanks and lagoon systems. The AFL/Clark valve requires no power and has only one moving part, a ballasted float having a specific gravity between that of oil and water. In water, the float rides above the throat of the discharge pipe allowing water to flow out. When oil enters the water the float begins losing its relative bouyancy and sinks until it seats itself over the throat of the outlet, closing the valve. Usually installed in a manhole within a typical storm drainage system, the valve backs spilled oil into drainways and contains it for temporary storage within the switchyard.

  16. Coastal-inland solar radiation difference study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bach, W.D. Jr.; Vukovich, F.M.

    1980-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify the characteristics of solar insolation in the coastal zone and to determine the effect of the sea breeze circulation on the global insolation. In order to satisfy these objectives, a six station sampling network was established in the coastal plain of southeastern North Carolina, where previous evidence has indicated that the sea breeze circulation is almost a daily occurrence from late May through October. Three sites (Sloop Point, Onslow Beach, and Cape Fear Technical Institute (CFTI)) were located near the coast (coastal sites) to assess the insolation at the coast. A site (Clinton) was located in an area seldom affected by the sea breeze (about 100 km from the coast). Two additional sites, Wallace and Ellis Airport, located between the coastal sites and the control site, were to be used to assess the transient impact of the sea breeze upon the insolation. Pyranometers were located at each site to measure the global insolation. Direct normal insolation measured by a pyrheliometer and ultraviolet radiation measured by uv radiometers were observed at the Sloop Point and Clinton sites only. Data were collected during the calendar year 1978. The results of the study indicated that the global insolation had greater variability over the network during the summer season (June, July, and August). During the summer, there was a systematicdiurnal variation of the difference in global insolation between the inland and the coastal sites.

  17. Chickamauga reservoir embayment study - 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meinert, D.L.; Butkus, S.R.; McDonough, T.A.

    1992-12-01

    The objectives of this report are three-fold: (1) assess physical, chemical, and biological conditions in the major embayments of Chickamauga Reservoir; (2) compare water quality and biological conditions of embayments with main river locations; and (3) identify any water quality concerns in the study embayments that may warrant further investigation and/or management actions. Embayments are important areas of reservoirs to be considered when assessments are made to support water quality management plans. In general, embayments, because of their smaller size (water surface areas usually less than 1000 acres), shallower morphometry (average depth usually less than 10 feet), and longer detention times (frequently a month or more), exhibit more extreme responses to pollutant loadings and changes in land use than the main river region of the reservoir. Consequently, embayments are often at greater risk of water quality impairments (e.g. nutrient enrichment, filling and siltation, excessive growths of aquatic plants, algal blooms, low dissolved oxygen concentrations, bacteriological contamination, etc.). Much of the secondary beneficial use of reservoirs occurs in embayments (viz. marinas, recreation areas, parks and beaches, residential development, etc.). Typically embayments comprise less than 20 percent of the surface area of a reservoir, but they often receive 50 percent or more of the water-oriented recreational use of the reservoir. This intensive recreational use creates a potential for adverse use impacts if poor water quality and aquatic conditions exist in an embayment.

  18. Empirical, probabilistic, and modelling approaches to assess cross-media impacts to marine sediments at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohrer, W.L.; Vita, C.L.; Schrock, W.; Leicht, G.

    1996-12-31

    Dredge spoils, industrial fill, and liquid wastes from the 1940s to 1970s have resulted in inorganic and organic contamination of soils, groundwater, and marine sediments near the U.S.S. Missouri and Charleston Beach parking lots at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS), in Bremerton, Washington. Extensive collection of environmental data from several studies including the recently completed Remedial Investigation conducted under CERCLA have confirmed contaminant levels above federal risk screening levels and state regulatory criteria for several heavy metals and organic compounds, including pesticides and PCBs. Although the correlation between contamination in marine sediments and those in on-shore fill appears to be strong, there is little evidence that a viable transport pathway currently exists from soils to groundwater and thence to sediments. Several methods used to estimate chemical mass flux from soil to groundwater to sediments and marine waters of Sinclair Inlet are corroborative in this regard. Nonetheless, this result is vexing because present groundwater concentrations exceed ARARs, yet are below levels of concern in terms of mass flux to marine waters. Despite the marginal risks posed by groundwater, various remedial alternatives, including perimeter containment using a subsurface waste-stabilized containment wall, were evaluated to determine whether chemical flux could be reduced to levels below those observed at the present time. Three-dimensional flow modelling and transport modelling also confirmed that chemical fluxes were limited in magnitude and could be addressed with more conventional remedial approaches.

  19. Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

    2014-03-01

    This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

  20. Maintaining a competitive geothermal industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zodiaco, V.P.

    1996-04-10

    I come to this geothermal business with over 30 years of experience in the power generation industry. I have earned my spurs (so to speak) in the electric utility, nuclear power, coal and the gas-fired cogeneration power businesses. I have been employed by Oxbow Power for the past seven years and for the past 18 months I have been based in Reno and responsible for the operation, maintenance and management of Oxbow`s domestic power projects which include three geothermal and two gas-fired facilities. The Oxbow Power Group (consisting principally of Oxbow Power Corporation, Oxbow Geothermal Corporation, Oxbow Power of Beowawe, Oxbow Power International and Oxbow Power Services, Inc.) is based in West Palm Beach, Florida, and has regional offices in Reno, Hong Kong and Manila to support on-line geothermal projects in Nevada, other domestic power projects and a geothermal plant under construction in the Philippines. Oxbow Power employs approximately 30 professionals in the development and management of power projects and over 100 supervisors and technicians in the operation and maintenance of power facilities. Current ownership in independent power projects total 340 MW in the United States and 47 MW under construction in the Philippines. Oxbow is currently negotiating additional projects in several Asian and Central American countries.

  1. Post Fukushima tsunami simulations for Malaysian coasts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koh, Hock Lye; Teh, Su Yean; Abas, Mohd Rosaidi Che

    2014-10-24

    The recent recurrences of mega tsunamis in the Asian region have rekindled concern regarding potential tsunamis that could inflict severe damage to affected coastal facilities and communities. The 11 March 2011 Fukushima tsunami that crippled nuclear power plants in Northern Japan has further raised the level of caution. The recent discovery of petroleum reserves in the coastal water surrounding Malaysia further ignites the concern regarding tsunami hazards to petroleum facilities located along affected coasts. Working in a group, federal government agencies seek to understand the dynamics of tsunami and their impacts under the coordination of the Malaysian National Centre for Tsunami Research, Malaysian Meteorological Department. Knowledge regarding the generation, propagation and runup of tsunami would provide the scientific basis to address safety issues. An in-house tsunami simulation models known as TUNA has been developed by the authors to assess tsunami hazards along affected beaches so that mitigation measures could be put in place. Capacity building on tsunami simulation plays a critical role in the development of tsunami resilience. This paper aims to first provide a simple introduction to tsunami simulation towards the achievement of tsunami simulation capacity building. The paper will also present several scenarios of tsunami dangers along affected Malaysia coastal regions via TUNA simulations to highlight tsunami threats. The choice of tsunami generation parameters reflects the concern following the Fukushima tsunami.

  2. An evaluation of the contaminant impacts on plants serving as habitat for an endangered species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeShields, B.R.; Stelljes, M.E.; Hawkins, E.T.; Alsop, W.R. [Harding Lawson Associates, Novato, CA (United States); Collins, W. [Dept. of the Army, Fort Ord, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    As part of an ecological risk assessment at a Superfund site in Monterey County, California, potential impacts on an endangered species, the Smith`s blue butterfly (Euphilotes enoptes smithi) were evaluated. This species of butterfly lives along beach dunes historically used as small arms trainfire ranges. Historical land use resulted in the accumulation of spent bullets and varying concentrations of metals in site soil. Two species of buckwheat occurring at the site (Erigonium parvifolium and E. latifolium) that serve as the sole habitat for the butterfly were evaluated. It was assumed that if there were no impacts to the habitat, there would be no impacts to the endangered species itself. Surface soil and collocated plants were sampled and chemically analyzed in order to correlate soil concentrations with plant tissue concentrations. Surface soil and collocated plants were also sampled at reference sites to determine background concentrations. Tissue concentrations were compared to benchmark concentrations to evaluate potential impacts. In addition, soil samples and seeds from buckwheat growing at the site were collected and used to conduct root elongation assays in the laboratory. The objective of the assays was to assess effects of metals associated with the spent bullets in soil on plant growth. Within the plants, higher concentrations of all metals except zinc were found in the roots; zinc was equally distributed throughout the plants. No chemical-related impacts to the plants were identified.

  3. Physical and chemical dynamics of the hydrogeologic system in wetlands along the southern shore of Lake Michigan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doss, P.K.

    1991-01-01

    The Miller Woods wetland system is established in the progradational beach deposits along the shore of Lake Michigan in the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Long-term study of a detailed monitoring network has identified the large and small scale characteristics of the physical and chemical hydrogeology of the wetland system. The wetlands and related ground water display a complex hydrogeologic behavior, the transient nature of which is a function of stresses imposed by climatic factors and evapotranspiration. Transient hydrogeologic features vary in their scale and include mobile hydrologic boundaries that shift through time and space, and individual wetlands that regularly change their hydrologic regime and function within the whole wetland system. A conceptual model is developed that links different types of hydrologic behavior with different physical characteristics imposed by the progradational nature of the wetland system. Most waters in Miller Woods are near neutral pH, calcium bicarbonate type. Smaller-scale variations in the chemistry of bicarbonate, sulfate, and some metals result from micro and macrobiological influences. Observable impacts on water chemistry have occurred in some parts of the study area as a result of a nearby industrial landfill. Concentrations of essentially all ions are enriched, and found at their maximum values in the vicinity of the landfill.

  4. Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sather, NK; Johnson, GE; Storch, AJ

    2009-07-06

    The tidal freshwater monitoring (TFM) project reported herein is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers [USACE], and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The project is being performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Project No. 2005-001-00). The research is a collaborative effort among the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the University of Washington. The overarching goal of the TFM project is to bridge the gap in knowledge between tidal freshwater habitats and the early life history attributes of migrating salmon. The research questions include: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the Columbia River are juvenile salmon found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions? What is the ecological contribution of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of ESA-listed salmon in the Columbia River basin? Field data collection for the TFM project commenced in June 2007 and since then has continued monthly at six to nine sites in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta (river kilometer 192-208). While this report includes summary data spanning the 19-month period of study from June 2007 through December 2008, it highlights sampling conducted during calendar year 2008. Detailed data for calendar year 2007 were reported previously. The 2008 research objectives were as follows: (1) Characterize the vegetation composition and percent cover, conventional water quality, water surface elevation, substrate composition, bathymetry, and beach slope at the study sites within the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (2) Characterize the fish community and juvenile salmon migration, including species composition, length-frequency distribution, density (number/m{sup 2}), and temporal and spatial distributions in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE). (3) Determine the stock of origin for juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) captured at sampling sites through genetic identification. (4) Characterize the diets of juvenile Chinook and coho (O. kisutch) salmon captured within the study area. (5) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for acoustic-tagged fish in the study area. (6) Conduct a baseline evaluation of the potential restoration to reconnect the old Sandy River channel with the delta. (7) Apply fish density data to initiate a design for a juvenile salmon monitoring program for beach habitats within the tidal freshwater segment of the LCRE (river kilometer 56-234).

  5. Variations in clay mineralogy and sediment texture of salt marsh soils on the Eastern Shore of Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, S.E.; Furman, T. . Dept. of Environmental Sciences)

    1993-03-01

    On the Eastern Shore of VA, relative sea level rise has resulted in encroachment of marsh onto upland areas. The amount and type of sediment determines the morphologic environment of the system: lagoon, mudflat, low marsh, high marsh or upland. This research is part of a study to examine the relationship between marsh soil characteristics and the production of Spartina alterniflora. The productivity of marsh vegetation depends on the import and entrapment of sediments that maintain marsh elevation and control water and nutrient availability. This work focused on distribution patterns of sediment texture and mineralogy. One meter deep cores were taken at marsh sites with 10 cm intervals homogenized for analysis. In order to distinguish potential sediment sources, samples were also taken from upland soil pits on the mainland and dredged one-half mile seaward of the barrier islands. Samples have undergone size analysis with a hydrometer and the clay fraction has been analyzed by XRD. Results from the marsh surface indicate large variations in sediment texture, but only slight differences in clay mineralogy between marshes. Barrier island marshes contain a higher average sand content than mainland marshes because of their closer proximity to barrier island beaches and inputs from overwash deposits. The clay minerals found in all marsh surface deposits are illite and chlorite, indicative of oceanic clays. The clay mineralogy of upland soils (kaolinite, chlorite, illite, vermiculite mixed-layer clay) differs from marsh surface clays, indicating that recent sediment deposited on the marsh surface is no upland soil but rather material brought in through tidal inlets. The sediment texture and clay mineralogy at different depths varies as a function of the past geomorphic and depositional history of the site. These data will be used to determine the timing of marsh development on flooded upland sites and to determine the pre-Holocene source of inorganic sediment inputs.

  6. Scheduling the Remediation of Port Hope: Logistical and Regulatory Challenges of a Multiple Site Urban Remediation Project - 13119

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferguson Jones, Andrea; Lee, Angela; Palmeter, Tim

    2013-07-01

    The Port Hope Project is part of the larger CAN$1.28 billion Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI), a community-based program for the development and implementation of a safe, local, long-term management solution for historic Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) in the Municipalities of Port Hope and Clarington, Ontario, Canada. Atomic Energy of Canada (AECL) is the Project Proponent, Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) is managing the procurement of services and the MMM Group Limited - Conestoga Rovers and Associates Joint Venture (MMM-CRA Joint Venture) is providing detailed design and construction oversight and administration services for the Project. The Port Hope Project includes the construction of a long-term waste management facility (LTWMF) in the Municipality of Port Hope and the remediation of 18 (eighteen) large-scale LLRW, numerous small-scale sites still being identified and industrial sites within the Municipality. The total volume to be remediated is over one million cubic metres and will come from sites that include temporary storage sites, ravines, beaches, parks, private commercial and residential properties and vacant industrial sites all within the urban area of Port Hope. Challenges that will need to be overcome during this 10 year project include: - Requirements stipulated by the Environmental Assessment (EA) that affect Project logistics and schedule. - Coordination of site remediation with the construction schedule at the LTWMF. - Physical constraints on transport routes and at sites affecting production rates. - Despite being an urban undertaking, seasonal constrains for birds and fish (i.e., nesting and spawning seasons). - Municipal considerations. - Site-specific constraints. - Site interdependencies exist requiring consideration in the schedule. Several sites require the use of an adjacent site for staging. (authors)

  7. Mesozoic stratigraphy and paleoenvironments of the Exxon 975-1 well, Georges Bank Basin, U. S. North Atlantic outer continental shelf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poppe, L.J.; Poag, C.W. . Quissett Labs.)

    1993-03-01

    The Exxon 975--1 well, located in the southeastern part of the Georges Bank Basin, was drilled to a total depth of 4,452 m relative to the Kelly Bushing. The oldest sediments penetrated by the well are Middle Jurassic (Bajocian-Early Bathonian), but unambiguous seismic correlations with the COST G--1 and G--2 wells show that about 6,860 m of Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks rest on the Paleozoic basement at the 975--1 wellsite. The Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in the well is placed at 1,673 m; the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary occurs at 384 m. Limestone is predominant below 3,966 m (Iroquois Formation), and at the intervals 3,810--3,246 m and 1,897--1,654 m (lower and upper tongues of the Abenaki Formation). Siliciclastics of the Mohican, undivided Mic Mac-Mohawk, Missisauga, Logan Canyon, and Dawson Canyon Formations dominate the remainder of the Mesozoic section. The Exxon 975--1 well penetrated updip, more terrestrial lithofacies than the COST G--2, Conoco 145--1, and Mobil 312--1 wells. Salt, anhydrite, dolomite, and the micritic textures of the carbonates in the Iroquois Formation of the Exxon 975--1 well suggest hypersaline restricted marine and supratidal depositional environments. The predominantly nonmarine deltaic siliciclastics of the Mohican, Misaine Shale, and Mic Mac-Mohawk units are thicker in the Exxon 975--1 well, whereas marine carbonates of the Scatarie and Bacarro Limestones are usually thinner than at the downdip (seaward) wellsites. Similarly, the Early Cretaceous Missisauga and Logan Canyon Formations represent lower delta plain (alluvial and swamp) and delta front (beach, bar, and lagoon) facies at the Exxon 975--1 wellsite, whereas correlative downdip facies represent shallow marine to delta front deposition.

  8. Geological and reservoir characterization of shallow-shelf carbonate fields, Southern Paradox Basin, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chidsey, T.C. Jr.; Eby, D.E.

    1996-12-31

    The Paradox basin of Utah, Colorado, and Arizona contains nearly 100 small oil fields producing from carbonate mounds within the Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Paradox Formation. These fields typically have one to three wells with primary per field production ranging from 700 MBO to 2 MMBO at a 15-20% recovery rate. Five fields (Anasazi, Mule, Blue Hogan, Heron North, and Runway) within the Navajo Nation of southeastern Utah have been evaluated for CO{sub 2}-flood projects based upon geological characterization and reservoir modeling. Conventional cores from the five fields show that three compositional reservoir types are present: (1) phylloid algal, (2) bioclastic calcarenite, and (3) bryozoan-dominated. Phylloid algal mounds are abundant in four of the five fields, and exhibit the best overall porosity and permeability. This mound type developed where shallow water depths and low energy allowed establishment of calcareous algal colonies possibly on paleohighs. The principal reservoir rock is algal bafflestone composed mostly of the phylloid Ivanovia and occasionally dolomitized. The Heron North field is a bioclastic calcarenite reservoir. It represents high-energy conditions resulting in carbonate beaches developed over foreshore carbonate rubble. The principal reservoir rocks are grainstones and rudstones having grain-selective dissolution and complete dolomitization. Bryozoan-dominated mounds present in Runway field developed in quiet, below wave-base settings that appear to be localized along Mississippian fault blocks trends. The principal reservoir rocks are bindstone and framestone with no dolomitization. The resulting model suggests that CO{sub 2} miscible flooding of these and other small carbonate reservoirs in the Paradox basin could significantly increase ultimate recovery of oil.

  9. Geological and reservoir characterization of shallow-shelf carbonate fields, Southern Paradox Basin, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chidsey, T.C. Jr. ); Eby, D.E. )

    1996-01-01

    The Paradox basin of Utah, Colorado, and Arizona contains nearly 100 small oil fields producing from carbonate mounds within the Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Paradox Formation. These fields typically have one to three wells with primary per field production ranging from 700 MBO to 2 MMBO at a 15-20% recovery rate. Five fields (Anasazi, Mule, Blue Hogan, Heron North, and Runway) within the Navajo Nation of southeastern Utah have been evaluated for CO[sub 2]-flood projects based upon geological characterization and reservoir modeling. Conventional cores from the five fields show that three compositional reservoir types are present: (1) phylloid algal, (2) bioclastic calcarenite, and (3) bryozoan-dominated. Phylloid algal mounds are abundant in four of the five fields, and exhibit the best overall porosity and permeability. This mound type developed where shallow water depths and low energy allowed establishment of calcareous algal colonies possibly on paleohighs. The principal reservoir rock is algal bafflestone composed mostly of the phylloid Ivanovia and occasionally dolomitized. The Heron North field is a bioclastic calcarenite reservoir. It represents high-energy conditions resulting in carbonate beaches developed over foreshore carbonate rubble. The principal reservoir rocks are grainstones and rudstones having grain-selective dissolution and complete dolomitization. Bryozoan-dominated mounds present in Runway field developed in quiet, below wave-base settings that appear to be localized along Mississippian fault blocks trends. The principal reservoir rocks are bindstone and framestone with no dolomitization. The resulting model suggests that CO[sub 2] miscible flooding of these and other small carbonate reservoirs in the Paradox basin could significantly increase ultimate recovery of oil.

  10. Emission Changes Resulting from the San Pedro Bay, California Ports Truck Retirement Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, G. A.; Schuchmann, B. G.; Stedman, D. H.; Lawson, D. R.

    2012-01-03

    Recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emissions regulations have resulted in lower emissions of particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen from heavy-duty diesel trucks. To accelerate fleet turnover the State of California in 2008 along with the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach (San Pedro Bay Ports) in 2006 passed regulations establishing timelines forcing the retirement of older diesel trucks. On-road emissions measurements of heavy-duty diesel trucks were collected over a three-year period, beginning in 2008, at a Port of Los Angeles location and an inland weigh station on the Riverside freeway (CA SR91). At the Port location the mean fleet age decreased from 12.7 years in April of 2008 to 2.5 years in May of 2010 with significant reductions in carbon monoxide (30%), oxides of nitrogen (48%) and infrared opacity (a measure of particulate matter, 54%). We also observed a 20-fold increase in ammonia emissions as a result of new, stoichiometrically combusted, liquefied natural gas powered trucks. These results compare with changes at our inland site where the average ages were 7.9 years in April of 2008 and 8.3 years in April of 2010, with only small reductions in oxides of nitrogen (10%) being statistically significant. Both locations have experienced significant increases in nitrogen dioxide emissions from new trucks equipped with diesel particle filters; raising the mean nitrogen dioxide to oxides of nitrogen ratios from less than 10% to more than 30% at the Riverside freeway location.

  11. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2001-05-07

    The project involves using advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies to improve thermal recovery techniques and lower operating and capital costs in a slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoir in the Wilmington field, Los Angeles Co., CA. Through September 2000, project work has been completed on the following activities: data preparation; basic reservoir engineering; developing a deterministic three dimensional (3-D) geologic model, a 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model and a rock-log model; well drilling and completions; and surface facilities on the Fault Block II-A Tar Zone (Tar II-A). Work is continuing on improving core analysis techniques, final reservoir tracer work, operational work and research studies to prevent thermal-related formation compaction in the Tar II-A steamflood area, and operational work on the Tar V steamflood pilot and Tar II-A post steamflood projects. Work was discontinued on the stochastic geologic model and developing a 3-D stochastic thermal reservoir simulation model of the Tar II-A Zone so the project team could use the 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model to provide alternatives for the Tar II-A post steamflood operations and shale compaction studies. The project team spent the fourth quarter 2000 performing well work and reservoir surveillance on the Tar II-A post-steamflood project and the Tar V horizontal well steamflood pilot. Expanding thermal recovery operations to other sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, including the Tar V horizontal well pilot steamflood project, is a critical part of the City of Long Beach and Tidelands Oil Production Company's development strategy for the field. The current steamflood operations in the Tar V pilot are economical, but recent performance is below projections because of wellbore mechanical limitations that are being evaluated.

  12. INCREASING WATERFLOOD RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH IMPROVED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Walker; Chris Phillips; Roy Koerner; Don Clarke; Dan Moos; Kwasi Tagbor

    2002-02-28

    This project increased recoverable waterflood reserves in slope and basin reservoirs through improved reservoir characterization and reservoir management. The particular application of this project is in portions of Fault Blocks IV and V of the Wilmington Oil Field, in Long Beach, California, but the approach is widely applicable in slope and basin reservoirs. Transferring technology so that it can be applied in other sections of the Wilmington Field and by operators in other slope and basin reservoirs is a primary component of the project. This project used advanced reservoir characterization tools, including the pulsed acoustic cased-hole logging tool, geologic three-dimensional (3-D) modeling software, and commercially available reservoir management software to identify sands with remaining high oil saturation following waterflood. Production from the identified high oil saturated sands was stimulated by recompleting existing production and injection wells in these sands using conventional means as well as a short radius redrill candidate. Although these reservoirs have been waterflooded over 40 years, researchers have found areas of remaining oil saturation. Areas such as the top sand in the Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the western fault slivers of Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the bottom sands of the Tar Zone Fault Block V, and the eastern edge of Fault Block IV in both the Upper Terminal and Lower Terminal Zones all show significant remaining oil saturation. Each area of interest was uncovered emphasizing a different type of reservoir characterization technique or practice. This was not the original strategy but was necessitated by the different levels of progress in each of the project activities.

  13. Reconnaissance of geothermal resources of Los Angeles County, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, C.T.

    1981-01-01

    Thermal waters produced from large oil fields are currently the most important geothermal resources in Los Angeles County. Otherwise, the County does not appear to have any large, near-surface geothermal resources. The oil fields produce thermal water because of both the moderate depths of production and normal to above-normal geothermal gradients. Gradients are about 3.0-3.5/sup 0/C/100 meters in the Ventura Basin and range from that up to about 5.5-6.0/sup 0/C/100 meters in the Los Angeles Basin. The hottest fields in the County are west of the Newport-Inglewood Structural Zone. The Los Angeles Basin has substantially more potential for uses of heat from oil fields than does the Ventura Basin because of its large fields and dense urban development. Produced fluid temperatures there range from ambient air to boiling, but most are in the 100-150/sup 0/F range. Daily water production ranges from only a few barrels at some fields to over a million barrels at Wilmington Oil Field; nearly all fields produce less than 50,000 barrels/day. Water salinity generally ranges from about 15,000-35,000 mg/liter NaCl. Fields with the most promise as sources of heat for outside applications are Wilmington, Torrance, Venice Beach, and Lawndale. The centralized treatment facilities are the most favorable sites for extraction of heat within the oil fields. Because of the poor water quality heat exchangers will likely be required rather than direct circulation of the field water to users. The best sites for applications are commercial-industrial areas and possibly institutional structures occupied by large numbers of people.

  14. A low-cost float method of harnessing wave energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, M.P.

    1983-12-01

    The author proposes in this paper a low-cost and simple method of harnessing wave energy that should enable coastal regions to be self-sufficient in electric power. The method is eminently applicable to India and such developing countries, being simple and involving a small capital investment. The method was evolved after study of the Indian West Coast fronting the Arabian Sea, and can harness about 50% of the wave energy. A log of wood about 5 metres long and 50 cm. in diameter, having a specific gravity of 0.8 to 0.9, is made to float parallel to the beach and about 50 metres away from it. Its movement is restricted to the vertical plane by means of poles. Two roller chains are attached to the ends of the log which pass over two sprocket free-wheels. When the log is lifted with the crest of the wave, the roller chain moves over the free-wheel. When the trough of the wave reaches the log, its weight is applied to the sprocket wheels through the roller chains. Each sprocket wheel rotates and the rotation is multiplied with a gear wheel. The torque from the high speed spindle of the gear is applied to a small alternating current generator. The AC output from the generator is rectified and used either for charging a battery bank, or connected to the lighting system, or supplied to electrolytic tank for producing hydrogen and other chemicals at the site. A chain of such systems along the coast can supply enough power to light the fishermen's hamlets stretching along the coast.

  15. A LOW-COST GPR GAS PIPE & LEAK DETECTOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Cist; Alan Schutz

    2005-03-30

    A light-weight, easy to use ground penetrating radar (GPR) system for tracking metal/non-metal pipes has been developed. A pre-production prototype instrument has been developed whose production cost and ease of use should fit important market niches. It is a portable tool which is swept back and forth like a metal detector and which indicates when it goes over a target (metal, plastic, concrete, etc.) and how deep it is. The innovation of real time target detection frees the user from having to interpret geophysical data and instead presents targets as dots on the screen. Target depth is also interpreted automatically, relieving the user of having to do migration analysis. In this way the user can simply walk around looking for targets and, by ''connecting the dots'' on the GPS screen, locate and follow pipes in real time. This is the first tool known to locate metal and non-metal pipes in real time and map their location. This prototype design is similar to a metal detector one might use at the beach since it involves sliding a lightweight antenna back and forth over the ground surface. The antenna is affixed to the end of an extension that is either clipped to or held by the user. This allows him to walk around in any direction, either looking for or following pipes with the antenna location being constantly recorded by the positioning system. Once a target appears on the screen, the user can locate by swinging the unit to align the cursor over the dot. Leak detection was also a central part of this project, and although much effort was invested into its development, conclusive results are not available at the time of the writing of this document. Details of the efforts that were made as a part of this cooperative agreement are presented.

  16. Sedimentologic succession of uplifted coral community, Urvina Bay, Isabela Island, Galapagos Archipelago, Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colgan, M.W.; Hollander, D.

    1987-05-01

    In March 1954, along the west-central coast of Isabela Island, an upward movement of magma suddenly raised Urvina Bay over 6 m and exposed several square kilometers of carbonate deposits covering a young aa lava flow (around 1000 years old). Results from 6 transect lines across the uplift, 30 cores, and 10 trenches describe the sedimentologic and ecologic transition from barren basalt to diverse carbonate sediments with small coral reefs. Along horizontal transects spanning from 0 to 7 m paleowater depth, there is a seaward progression from beaches, mangroves, and basalt to thick deposits (> 1.6 m) of carbonate sands and small coral reefs. Variation in water depth, degree of wave exposure, and irregularity of the aa lava topography provided many microhabitats where coral, calcareous algae, and mollusks settled and grew. Eight hermatypic coral species are found throughout the shelf, and three species (i.e., Pavona clavus, Pocillopora damicornis, and Porites lobata) produced five small, isolated, monospecific, coral-reef frameworks. The vertical section seen in cores and trenches shows that calcium carbonate increased upward, whereas volcanic sediments decreased; however, episodic layers occur with high concentrations of basaltic sands. In vertical samples from the central portion of the shelf, the coral population changed from small, isolated colonies of Psammocora (Plesioseris) superficalis near the basalt basement to large reef-forming colonies of Pocillopora damicornis farther upsection. Reefs of the Galapagos Islands are small and less diverse than most Pacific reefs. Nonetheless, understanding their temporal successional development should throw light on the origin and history of larger oceanic reefs in the Pacific.

  17. Assessment of the peat resources of Florida, with a detailed survey of the northern everglades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, G.M.; Wieland, C.C.; Hood, L.Q.; Goode, R.W. III; Sawyer, R.K.; McNeill, D.F.

    1982-01-01

    Available data, including previous publications, modern soil surveys, and detailed coring in the Northern Everglades for this project have been used to update information on Florida's peat resources. It is now estimated that Florida could, if no other constraints existed, produce 606 million tons of moisture-free fuel-grade peat, which may yield approximately 10.0 x 10/sup 15/ Btu of energy. These estimates are much lower than previously published projections for the state. The principal effort of this survey was in the largest peat region of the state, the Northern Everglades of Palm Beach and adjacent counties, where more than 800 core holes were drilled. Based on analyses of these cores, the Northern Everglades is now estimated to contain 191 million tons of moisture-free peat, with a potential energy yield of 2.98 x 10/sup 15/ Btu. These values are considerably less than previously published estimates, probably due to bacterial oxidation and other forms of drainage-induced subsidence in the Everglades agricultural areas. The present fuel-peat resources of the Northern Everglades occur in 19 separate deposits. Of these, the deposits in the Port Mayaca, Bryant, Six Mile Bend, and Loxahatchee Quadrangles comprise the highest concentration of the resource. These lands are generally privately owned and used for sugar cane and other crops, and the conversion of these lands to peat removal seems unlikely. It seems even less likely that the extensive peat deposits within the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge will be available for fuel use, barring a dire national emergency. The utilization of peat as a fuel must be approached with caution and careful study; large scale use may require state or federal action. 34 references.

  18. Quaternary sedimentation and diagenesis in a high-latitude reef, Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosen, M.R.; Collins, L.B. (Curtin Univ. of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia)); Wyrwoll, K.H.; Hatcher, B.G. (Univ. of Western Australia, Perth (Australia))

    1990-05-01

    The Houtman Abrolhos reefs are located 80 km off the west coast of Australia between latitudes 28 and 29{degree} south. The islands are situated on three Pleistocene carbonate reef platforms which rise above the surrounding shelf. The modern coral reefs are close to the geographic limit for coral growth in the southern hemisphere and survive due to the presence of the Leeuwin current (a poleward-flowing warm stream). Two major shallow-water benthic communities coexist in the Abrolhos: a macroalgal-dominated community on the windward platform margins and a coral-dominated community on the leeward margins. These communities overlap-particularly in the platform lagoons, where competition between macroalgae and corals is intense. This interaction has been suggested as a major factor controlling the growth of cord reefs at high latitudes. The Holocene carbonate sediments lack nonskeletal components and are dominated by coral and coralline algal fragments with subordinate molluskan and echinoderm debris. The accumulations can be grouped into the following major facies: (1) coral framestone and coralline algal/serpulid boundstone, (2) submarine sand sheets, (3) subaerial coral storm ridges, (4-) peritidal to subtidal shingle and rubble veneers composed of dominantly coral debris, and (5) eolian dunes and beach sand. The Holocene sediment is a thin (< 2 m) veneer on the Pleistocene reef platform, which is emergent as small islands. The Pleistocene platform is composed of reef facies that can be directly related to the Holocene sediments. The platform is composed of framestone and boundstone facies (corals and coralline algal/serpulid facies), rudstones (submarine coral rubble facies), planar-bedded skeletal grainstones dipping 12-13{degree} (submarine sand sheet and peritidal shingle facies), and large 15-m-high eolianite dunes (eolian dune facies).

  19. Effects of burial by the disposal of dredged materials from the Columbia River on Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vavrinec, John; Kohn, Nancy P.; Hall, Kathleen D.; Romano, Brett A.

    2007-05-07

    Annual maintenance of the Columbia River navigation channel requires the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to dredge sediment from the river and dispose of the sediment in coastal areas at the mouth of the Columbia River. Some of these disposal areas can be as shallow as 12 m deep in waters off the coastal beaches, and dredged material disposal activities have therefore raised concerns of impacts to local razor clam (Siliqua patula) populations that are prevalent in the area. The Corps’ Portland District requested that the Marine Sciences Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conduct laboratory experiments to evaluate the potential impacts of burial by dredged material to razor clams during disposal. Prior modeling of disposal events indicates three stresses that could have an impact on benthic invertebrates: convective descent and bottom encounter (compression forces due to bottom impact), dynamic collapse and spreading (surge as material washes over the bottom), and mounding (burial by material). Because the razor clam is infaunal, the effects of the first two components should be minimal, because the clams should be protected by substrate that is not eroded in the event and by the clams’ rapid digging capabilities. The mound resulting from the disposal, however, would bury any clams remaining in the footprint under as much as 12 cm of new sediment according to modeling, and the clams’ reaction to such an event and to burial is not known. Although the literature suggests that razor clams may be negatively affected by siltation and therefore perhaps by dredging and disposal activity, as well, impacts of this type have not been demonstrated. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential impacts of dredge material disposal on adult subtidal razor clam populations at the mouth of the Columbia River. Using the parameters defined in a previous model, a laboratory study was created in which a slurry was added to experimental chambers seeded with adult razor clams to produce burial mounds of various thicknesses. The laboratory results presented here have two implications for disposal operations.

  20. Class III Mid-Term Project, "Increasing Heavy Oil Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field Through Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Thermal Production Technologies"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2007-03-31

    The overall objective of this project was to increase heavy oil reserves in slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs through the application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The project involved improving thermal recovery techniques in the Tar Zone of Fault Blocks II-A and V (Tar II-A and Tar V) of the Wilmington Field in Los Angeles County, near Long Beach, California. A primary objective has been to transfer technology that can be applied in other heavy oil formations of the Wilmington Field and other SBC reservoirs, including those under waterflood. The first budget period addressed several producibility problems in the Tar II-A and Tar V thermal recovery operations that are common in SBC reservoirs. A few of the advanced technologies developed include a three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic geologic model, a 3-D deterministic thermal reservoir simulation model to aid in reservoir management and subsequent post-steamflood development work, and a detailed study on the geochemical interactions between the steam and the formation rocks and fluids. State of the art operational work included drilling and performing a pilot steam injection and production project via four new horizontal wells (2 producers and 2 injectors), implementing a hot water alternating steam (WAS) drive pilot in the existing steamflood area to improve thermal efficiency, installing a 2400-foot insulated, subsurface harbor channel crossing to supply steam to an island location, testing a novel alkaline steam completion technique to control well sanding problems, and starting on an advanced reservoir management system through computer-aided access to production and geologic data to integrate reservoir characterization, engineering, monitoring, and evaluation. The second budget period phase (BP2) continued to implement state-of-the-art operational work to optimize thermal recovery processes, improve well drilling and completion practices, and evaluate the geomechanical characteristics of the producing formations. The objectives were to further improve reservoir characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, test the proficiency of the three-dimensional geologic and thermal reservoir simulation models, identify the high permeability thief zones to reduce water breakthrough and cycling, and analyze the nonuniform distribution of the remaining oil in place. This work resulted in the redevelopment of the Tar II-A and Tar V post-steamflood projects by drilling several new wells and converting idle wells to improve injection sweep efficiency and more effectively drain the remaining oil reserves. Reservoir management work included reducing water cuts, maintaining or increasing oil production, and evaluating and minimizing further thermal-related formation compaction. The BP2 project utilized all the tools and knowledge gained throughout the DOE project to maximize recovery of the oil in place.

  1. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2001-05-08

    The project involves using advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies to improve thermal recovery techniques and lower operating and capital costs in a slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoir in the Wilmington field, Los Angeles Co., CA. Through March 2001, project work has been completed on the following activities: data preparation; basic reservoir engineering; developing a deterministic three dimensional (3-D) geologic model, a 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model and a rock-log model; well drilling and completions; and surface facilities on the Fault Block II-A Tar Zone (Tar II-A). Work is continuing on research to understand the geochemistry and process regarding the sand consolidation well completion technique, final reservoir tracer work, operational work and research studies to prevent thermal-related formation compaction in the Tar II-A steamflood area, and operational work on the Tar V steamflood pilot and Tar II-A post-steamflood projects. The project team spent the Second Quarter 2001 performing well work and reservoir surveillance on the Tar II-A post-steamflood project. The Tar II-A steamflood reservoirs have been operated over fifteen months at relatively stable pressures, due in large part to the bimonthly pressure monitoring program enacted at the start of the post-steamflood phase in January 1999. Starting in the Fourth Quarter 2000, the project team has ramped up activity to increase production and injection. This work will continue through 2001 as described in the Operational Management section. Expanding thermal recovery operations to other sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, including the Tar V horizontal well pilot steamflood project, is a critical part of the City of Long Beach and Tidelands Oil Production Company's development strategy for the field. The current steamflood operations in the Tar V pilot are economical, but recent performance is below projections because of wellbore mechanical limitations that are being addressed in 2001. Much of the second quarter was spent writing DOE annual and quarterly reports to stay current with contract requirements.

  2. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2003-09-04

    The overall objective of this project is to increase heavy oil reserves in slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs through the application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The project involves improving thermal recovery techniques in the Tar Zone of Fault Blocks II-A and V (Tar II-A and Tar V) of the Wilmington Field in Los Angeles County, near Long Beach, California. A primary objective is to transfer technology which can be applied in other heavy oil formations of the Wilmington Field and other SBC reservoirs, including those under waterflood. The thermal recovery operations in the Tar II-A and Tar V have been relatively inefficient because of several producibility problems which are common in SBC reservoirs. Inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil, and nonuniform distribution of remaining oil have all contributed to poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early steam breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated formation sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves. The advanced technologies to be applied include: (1) Develop three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic and stochastic geologic models. (2) Develop 3-D deterministic and stochastic thermal reservoir simulation models to aid in reservoir management and subsequent development work. (3) Develop computerized 3-D visualizations of the geologic and reservoir simulation models to aid in analysis. (4) Perform detailed study on the geochemical interactions between the steam and the formation rock and fluids. (5) Pilot steam injection and production via four new horizontal wells (2 producers and 2 injectors). (6) Hot water alternating steam (WAS) drive pilot in the existing steam drive area to improve thermal efficiency. (7) Installing an 2400 foot insulated, subsurface harbor channel crossing to supply steam to an island location. (8) Test a novel alkaline steam completion technique to control well sanding problems and fluid entry profiles. (9) Advanced reservoir management through computer-aided access to production and geologic data to integrate reservoir characterization, engineering, monitoring, and evaluation.

  3. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2001-11-01

    The project involves using advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies to improve thermal recovery techniques and lower operating and capital costs in a slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoir in the Wilmington field, Los Angeles Co., Calif. Through June 2001, project work has been completed on the following activities: data preparation; basic reservoir engineering; developing a deterministic three dimensional (3-D) geologic model, a 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model and a rock-log model; well drilling and completions; and surface facilities on the Fault Block II-A Tar Zone (Tar II-A). Work is continuing on research to understand the geochemistry and process regarding the sand consolidation well completion technique, final reservoir tracer work, operational work and research studies to prevent thermal-related formation compaction in the Tar II-A steamflood area, and operational work on the Tar V steamflood pilot and Tar II-A post-steamflood projects. The project team spent the Third Quarter 2001 performing well work and reservoir surveillance on the Tar II-A post-steamflood project. The Tar II-A post-steamflood operation started in February 1999 and steam chest fillup occurred in September-October 1999. The targeted reservoir pressures in the ''T'' and ''D'' sands are maintained at 90 {+-} 5% hydrostatic levels by controlling water injection and gross fluid production and through the bimonthly pressure monitoring program enacted at the start of the post-steamflood phase. The project team ramped up well work activity from October 2000 to September 2001 to increase production and injection. This work will continue through 2001 as described in the Operational Management section. Expanding thermal recovery operations to other sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, including the Tar V horizontal well pilot steamflood project, is a critical part of the City of Long Beach and Tidelands Oil Production Company's development strategy for the field. The current steamflood operations in the Tar V pilot are economical, but recent performance is below projections because of wellbore mechanical limitations that are being addressed in 2001.

  4. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2003-06-04

    The overall objective of this project is to increase heavy oil reserves in slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs through the application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The project involves improving thermal recovery techniques in the Tar Zone of Fault Blocks II-A and V (Tar II-A and Tar V) of the Wilmington Field in Los Angeles County, near Long Beach, California. A primary objective is to transfer technology which can be applied in other heavy oil formations of the Wilmington Field and other SBC reservoirs, including those under waterflood. The thermal recovery operations in the Tar II-A and Tar V have been relatively inefficient because of several producibility problems which are common in SBC reservoirs. Inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil, and nonuniform distribution of remaining oil have all contributed to poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early steam breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated formation sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves. The advanced technologies to be applied include: (1) Develop three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic and stochastic geologic models. (2) Develop 3-D deterministic and stochastic thermal reservoir simulation models to aid in reservoir management and subsequent development work. (3) Develop computerized 3-D visualizations of the geologic and reservoir simulation models to aid in analysis. (4) Perform detailed study on the geochemical interactions between the steam and the formation rock and fluids. (5) Pilot steam injection and production via four new horizontal wells (2 producers and 2 injectors). (6) Hot water alternating steam (WAS) drive pilot in the existing steam drive area to improve thermal efficiency. (7) Installing an 2400 foot insulated, subsurface harbor channel crossing to supply steam to an island location. (8) Test a novel alkaline steam completion technique to control well sanding problems and fluid entry profiles. (9) Advanced reservoir management through computer-aided access to production and geologic data to integrate reservoir characterization, engineering, monitoring, and evaluation.

  5. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2004-03-05

    The overall objective of this project is to increase heavy oil reserves in slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs through the application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The project involves improving thermal recovery techniques in the Tar Zone of Fault Blocks II-A and V (Tar II-A and Tar V) of the Wilmington Field in Los Angeles County, near Long Beach, California. A primary objective is to transfer technology which can be applied in other heavy oil formations of the Wilmington Field and other SBC reservoirs, including those under waterflood. The thermal recovery operations in the Tar II-A and Tar V have been relatively inefficient because of several producibility problems which are common in SBC reservoirs. Inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil, and nonuniform distribution of remaining oil have all contributed to poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early steam breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated formation sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves. The advanced technologies to be applied include: (1) Develop three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic and stochastic geologic models. (2) Develop 3-D deterministic and stochastic thermal reservoir simulation models to aid in reservoir management and subsequent development work. (3) Develop computerized 3-D visualizations of the geologic and reservoir simulation models to aid in analysis. (4) Perform detailed study on the geochemical interactions between the steam and the formation rock and fluids. (5) Pilot steam injection and production via four new horizontal wells (2 producers and 2 injectors). (6) Hot water alternating steam (WAS) drive pilot in the existing steam drive area to improve thermal efficiency. (7) Installing an 2400 foot insulated, subsurface harbor channel crossing to supply steam to an island location. (8) Test a novel alkaline steam completion technique to control well sanding problems and fluid entry profiles. (9) Advanced reservoir management through computer-aided access to production and geologic data to integrate reservoir characterization, engineering, monitoring, and evaluation.

  6. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2001-08-08

    The objective of this project is to increase the recoverable heavy oil reserves within sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, near Long Beach, California, through the testing and application of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies. The hope is that successful application of these technologies will result in their implementation throughout the Wilmington Field and, through technology transfer, will be extended to increase the recoverable oil reserves in other slope and basin clastic (SBC) reservoirs. The existing steamflood in the Tar zone of Fault Block II-A (Tar II-A) has been relatively inefficient because of several producibility problems which are common in SBC reservoirs: inadequate characterization of the heterogeneous turbidite sands, high permeability thief zones, low gravity oil and non-uniform distribution of the remaining oil. This has resulted in poor sweep efficiency, high steam-oil ratios, and early steam breakthrough. Operational problems related to steam breakthrough, high reservoir pressure, and unconsolidated sands have caused premature well and downhole equipment failures. In aggregate, these reservoir and operational constraints have resulted in increased operating costs and decreased recoverable reserves. A suite of advanced reservoir characterization and thermal production technologies are being applied during the project to improve oil recovery and reduce operating costs, including: (1) Development of three-dimensional (3-D) deterministic and stochastic reservoir simulation models--thermal or otherwise--to aid in reservoir management of the steamflood and post-steamflood phases and subsequent development work. (2) Development of computerized 3-D visualizations of the geologic and reservoir simulation models to aid reservoir surveillance and operations. (3) Perform detailed studies of the geochemical interactions between the steam and the formation rock and fluids. (4) Testing and proposed application of a novel alkaline-steam well completion technique for the containment of the unconsolidated formation sands and control of fluid entry and injection profiles. (5) Installation of a 2100 ft, 14 inch insulated, steam line beneath a harbor channel to supply steam to an island location. (6) Testing and proposed application of thermal recovery technologies to increase oil production and reserves: (a) Performing pilot tests of cyclic steam injection and production on new horizontal wells. (b) Performing pilot tests of hot water-alternating-steam (WAS) drive in the existing steam drive area to improve thermal efficiency. (7) Perform a pilot steamflood with the four horizontal injectors and producers using a pseudo steam-assisted gravity-drainage (SAGD) process. (8) Advanced reservoir management, through computer-aided access to production and geologic data to integrate reservoir characterization, engineering, monitoring and evaluation.

  7. California Hydrogen Infrastructure Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward C. Heydorn

    2013-03-12

    Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has completed a comprehensive, multiyear project to demonstrate a hydrogen infrastructure in California. The specific primary objective of the project was to demonstrate a model of a “real-world” retail hydrogen infrastructure and acquire sufficient data within the project to assess the feasibility of achieving the nation’s hydrogen infrastructure goals. The project helped to advance hydrogen station technology, including the vehicle-to-station fueling interface, through consumer experiences and feedback. By encompassing a variety of fuel cell vehicles, customer profiles and fueling experiences, this project was able to obtain a complete portrait of real market needs. The project also opened its stations to other qualified vehicle providers at the appropriate time to promote widespread use and gain even broader public understanding of a hydrogen infrastructure. The project engaged major energy companies to provide a fueling experience similar to traditional gasoline station sites to foster public acceptance of hydrogen. Work over the course of the project was focused in multiple areas. With respect to the equipment needed, technical design specifications (including both safety and operational considerations) were written, reviewed, and finalized. After finalizing individual equipment designs, complete station designs were started including process flow diagrams and systems safety reviews. Material quotes were obtained, and in some cases, depending on the project status and the lead time, equipment was placed on order and fabrication began. Consideration was given for expected vehicle usage and station capacity, standard features needed, and the ability to upgrade the station at a later date. In parallel with work on the equipment, discussions were started with various vehicle manufacturers to identify vehicle demand (short- and long-term needs). Discussions included identifying potential areas most suited for hydrogen fueling stations with a focus on safe, convenient, fast-fills. These potential areas were then compared to and overlaid with suitable sites from various energy companies and other potential station operators. Work continues to match vehicle needs with suitable fueling station locations. Once a specific site was identified, the necessary agreements could be completed with the station operator and expected station users. Detailed work could then begin on the site drawings, permits, safety procedures and training needs. Permanent stations were successfully installed in Irvine (delivered liquid hydrogen), Torrance (delivered pipeline hydrogen) and Fountain Valley (renewable hydrogen from anaerobic digester gas). Mobile fueling stations were also deployed to meet short-term fueling needs in Long Beach and Placerville. Once these stations were brought online, infrastructure data was collected and reported to DOE using Air Products’ Enterprise Remote Access Monitoring system. Feedback from station operators was incorporated to improve the station user’s fueling experience.

  8. Tank Farms and Waste Feed Delivery - 12507

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fletcher, Thomas; Charboneau, Stacy; Olds, Erik

    2012-07-01

    The mission of the Department of Energy's Office of River Protection (ORP) is to safely retrieve and treat the 56 million gallons of Hanford's tank waste and close the Tank Farms to protect the Columbia River. Our discussion of the Tank Farms and Waste Feed Delivery will cover progress made to date with Base and Recovery Act funding in reducing the risk posed by tank waste and in preparing for the initiation of waste treatment at Hanford. The millions of gallons of waste are a by-product of decades of plutonium production. After irradiated fuel rods were taken from the nuclear reactors to the processing facilities at Hanford they were exposed to a series of chemicals designed to dissolve away the rod, which enabled workers to retrieve the plutonium. Once those chemicals were exposed to the fuel rods they became radioactive and extremely hot. They also couldn't be used in this process more than once. Because the chemicals are caustic and extremely hazardous to humans and the environment, underground storage tanks were built to hold these chemicals until a more permanent solution could be found. The underground storage tanks range in capacity from 55,000 gallons to more than 1 million gallons. The tanks were constructed with carbon steel and reinforced concrete. There are eighteen groups of tanks, called 'tank farms', some having as few as two tanks and others up to sixteen tanks. Between 1943 and 1964, 149 single-shell tanks were built at Hanford in the 200 West and East Areas. Heat generated by the waste and the composition of the waste caused an estimated 67 of these single-shell tanks to leak into the ground. Washington River Protection Solutions is the prime contractor responsible for the safe management of this waste. WRPS' mission is to reduce the risk to the environment that is posed by the waste. All of the pumpable liquids have been removed from the single-shell tanks and transferred to the double-shell tanks. What remains in the single-shell tanks are solid and semi-solid wastes. Known as salt-cakes, they have the consistency of wet beach sand. Some of the waste resembles small broken ice, or whitish crystals. Because the original pumps inside the tanks were designed to remove only liquid waste, other methods have been developed to reach the remaining waste. Access to the tank waste is through long, typically skinny pipes, called risers, extending out of the tanks. It is through these pipes that crews are forced to send machines and devices into the tanks that are used to break up the waste or push it toward a pump. These pipes range in size from just a few inches to just over a foot in diameter because they were never intended to be used in this manner. As part of the agreement regulating Hanford cleanup, crews must remove at least 99% of the material in every tank on the site, or at least as much waste that can be removed based on available technology. To date, seven single-shell tanks have been emptied, and work is underway in another 10 tanks in preparation for additional retrieval activities. Two barriers have been installed over single-shell tanks to prevent the intrusion of surface water down to the tanks, with additional barriers planned for the future. Single and double-shell tank integrity analyses are ongoing. Because the volume of the waste generated through plutonium production exceeded the capacity of the single-shell tanks, between 1968 and 1986 Hanford engineers built 28 double-shell tanks. These tanks were studied and made with a second shell to surround the carbon steel and reinforced concrete. The double-shell tanks have not leaked any of their waste. (authors)

  9. Post-Release Performance of Natural and Hatchery Subyearling Fall Chinook Salmon in the Snake and Clearwater Rivers.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connor, William P.

    2008-04-01

    In 2006, we continued a multi-year study to compare smolt-to-adult return rate (SAR) ratios between two groups of Snake River Basin fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha that reached the sea through a combination of either (1) transportation and inriver migration or (2) bypass and inriver migration. We captured natural subyearlings rearing along the Snake and Clearwater rivers and implanted them with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags, but knew in advance that sample sizes of natural fish would not be large enough for precise comparisons of SAR ratios. To increase sample sizes, we also cultured Lyons Ferry Hatchery subyearlings under a surrogate rearing strategy, implanted them with PIT tags, and released them into the Snake and Clearwater rivers to migrate seaward. The surrogate rearing strategy involved slowing growth at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery to match natural subyearlings in size at release as closely as possible, while insuring that all of the surrogate subyearlings were large enough for tagging (i.e., 60-mm fork length). Surrogate subyearlings were released from late May to early July 2006 to coincide with the historical period of peak beach seine catch of natural parr in the Snake and Clearwater rivers. We also PIT tagged a large representative sample of hatchery subyearlings reared under a production rearing strategy and released them into the Snake and Clearwater rivers in 2006 as part of new research on dam passage experiences (i.e., transported from a dam, dam passage via bypass, dam passage via turbine intakes or spillways). The production rearing strategy involved accelerating growth at Lyons Ferry Hatchery, sometimes followed by a few weeks of acclimation at sites along the Snake and Clearwater rivers before release from May to June. Releasing production subyearlings has been suggested as a possible alternative for making inferences on the natural population if surrogate fish were not available. Smoltto-adult return rates are not reported here, but will be presented in future reports written after workshops and input by federal, state, and tribal researchers. In this report, we compared the postrelease performance of natural subyearlings to the postrelease performance of surrogate and production subyearlings. We made this comparison to help the fisheries community determine which of the two hatchery rearing strategies produced fish that were more similar to natural subyearlings. We compared the following attributes of postrelease performance (1) detection dates at dams, (2) detections during the implementation of summer spill, (3) travel times, (4) migrant sizes, and (5) the joint probability of migration and survival. Overall, we found that postrelease performance was more similar between natural and surrogate subyearlings than between natural and production subyearlings. Further, the similarity between natural and surrogate subyearlings was greater in 2006 than in 2005, partly as the result of changes in incubation and early rearing practices we recommended based on 2005 results.

  10. Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobocinski, Kathryn; Johnson, Gary; Sather, Nichole

    2008-03-17

    This document is the first annual report for the study titled 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River'. Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of the 2007-2009 Tidal Freshwater Monitoring Study is to answer the following questions: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE; Figure 1) are yearling and subyearling salmonids found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions?1 And, what is the ecological importance2 of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of Upper Columbia River spring Chinook salmon and steelhead and Snake River fall Chinook salmon? Research in 2007 focused mainly on the first question, with fish stock identification data providing some indication of Chinook salmon presence at the variety of habitat types sampled. The objectives and sub-objectives for the 2007 study were as follows: (1) Habitat and Fish Community Characteristics-Provide basic data on habitat and fish community characteristics for yearling and subyearling salmonids at selected sites in the tidal freshwater reach in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (1a) Characterize vegetation assemblage percent cover, conventional water quality, substrate composition, and beach slope at each of six sampling sites in various tidal freshwater habitat types. (1b) Determine fish community characteristics, including species composition, abundance, and temporal and spatial distributions. (1c) Estimate the stock of origin for the yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon captured at the sampling sites using genetic analysis. (1d) Statistically assess the relationship between salmonid abundance and habitat parameters, including ancillary variables such as temperature and river stage. (2) Acoustic Telemetry Monitoring-Assess feasibility of applying Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) technology to determine migration characteristics from upriver of Bonneville Dam through the study area (vicinity of the Sandy River delta/Washougal River confluence). (2a) Determine species composition, release locations, and distributions of JSATS-tagged fish. (2b) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for these fish. Additionally, both objectives serve the purpose of baseline research for a potential tidal rechannelization project on the Sandy River. The U.S. Forest Service, in partnership with the Bonneville Power Administration and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, is currently pursuing reconnection of the east (relict) Sandy River channel with the current channel to improve fish and wildlife habitat in the Sandy River delta. Our study design and the location of sampling sites in this reach provide baseline data to evaluate the potential restoration.

  11. DE-EE0000319 Final Technical Report [National Open-ocean Energy Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skemp, Susan

    2013-12-29

    Under the authorization provided by Section 634 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140), in 2009 FAU was awarded U.S. Congressionally Directed Program (CDP) funding through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to investigate and develop technologies to harness the energy of the Florida Current as a source of clean, renewable, base-load power for Florida and the U.S. A second CDP award in 2010 provided additional funding in order to enhance and extend FAU’s activities. These two CDPs in 2009 and 2010 were combined into a single DOE grant, DE-EE0000319, and are the subject of this report. Subsequently, in July 2010 funding was made available under a separate contract, DE-EE0004200. Under that funding, DOE’s Wind and Water Power Program designated FAU’s state of Florida marine renewable energy (MRE) center as the Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC). This report discusses SNMREC activities funded by the DE-EE0000319 grant, but will make reference, as appropriate, to activities that require further investigation under the follow-on grant. The concept of extracting energy from the motions of the oceans has a long history. However, implementation on large scales of the technologies to effect renewable energy recovery from waves, tides, and open-ocean currents is relatively recent. DOE’s establishment of SNMREC recognizes a significant potential for ocean current energy recovery associated with the (relatively) high-speed Florida Current, the reach of the Gulf Stream System flowing through the Straits of Florida, between the Florida Peninsula and the Bahamas Archipelago. The proximity of the very large electrical load center of southeast Florida’s metropolitan area to the resource itself makes this potential all the more attractive. As attractive as this potential energy source is, it is not without its challenges. Although the technology is conceptually simple, its design and implementation in a commercially-viable fashion presents a variety of challenges. Beyond the technology itself (and, especially, the effects on the technology of the harsh oceanic environment), it is important to consider the possible environmental impacts of commercial-scale implementation of oceanic energy extraction. Further, because such implementation represents a completely new undertaking, the human resources required do not exist, so education and training programs are critical to eventual success. This project, establishing a national open-ocean energy laboratory, was designed to address each of these three challenges in a flexible framework allowing for adaptive management as the project proceeded. In particular:  the technology challenge, including resource assessment, evolved during the project to recognize and address the need for a national testing facility in the ocean for small-scale prototype MRE systems developed by industry;  the environmental challenge became formalized and expanded during the permitting process for such a testing facility; and  the human resources/societal challenges, both in terms of the need for education and training and in terms of public acceptance of MRE, stimulated a robust outreach program far beyond that originally envisioned at SNMREC. While all of these activities at SNMREC are ongoing, a number of significant milestones (in addition to the contributions listed in the appendices) were achieved under the auspices of this award. These include:  Planning and site selection for the first-phase test facility, offshore of Dania Beach, FL, including some equipment for the facility, submission of an Interim Policy Lease Application to the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and completion of an Environmental Assessment by BOEM and a positive Consistency Determination by the State of Florida;  Measurements using acoustic profilers of the current structure and variability in the vicinity of the site under a variety of weather conditions, seasons and time durations;  Design and implementation of instrumentation for the first phase of the offshore testing facility, the wet- and top-side data acquisition systems, and shore-based analysis systems;  Implementation of a laboratory-scale dynamometer system to test generators of up to 25 kW capacity using real-world (simulated) forcing;  Completion of 24 months of (airborne) marine vertebrate surveys and associated analysis of sea turtle offshore activity, marine mammal vocalization research, and ocean current turbine hydrodynamic noise characterization;  Development of a secondary-school (nominally grade 10) curriculum about hydrokinetic MRE, “Energy from the Oceans: The New Renewable”, and training of over 200 high-school teachers in its use and in how to educate their colleagues in application of the material in the classroom;  Presentations to over 50 interested civic groups in the region on various aspects of MRE in SE Florida  A series of public lectures to over 600 residents of south Florida to provide broader education on MRE.  Development of an interactive kiosk for installation in local science museums. These, and other accomplishments detailed in this report contribute to a comprehensive ongoing program at the SNMREC to support the affordable, responsible, and achievable commercialization of MRE. Many of the tasks of this award are continued or will be verified with follow-on funding DE-EE0004200, and its goal: the installation of the world’s first offshore ocean current turbine testing and validation capability.

  12. A METHODOLOGY TO INTEGRATE MAGNETIC RESONANCE AND ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorge O. Parra; Chris L. Hackert; Lorna L. Wilson

    2002-09-20

    The work reported herein represents the third year of development efforts on a methodology to interpret magnetic resonance and acoustic measurements for reservoir characterization. In this last phase of the project we characterize a vuggy carbonate aquifer in the Hillsboro Basin, Palm Beach County, South Florida, using two data sets--the first generated by velocity tomography and the second generated by reflection tomography. First, we integrate optical macroscopic (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and x-ray computed tomography (CT) images, as well as petrography, as a first step in characterizing the aquifer pore system. This pore scale integration provides information with which to evaluate nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) well log signatures for NMR well log calibration, interpret ultrasonic data, and characterize flow units at the field scale between two wells in the aquifer. Saturated and desaturated NMR core measurements estimate the irreducible water in the rock and the variable T{sub 2} cut-offs for the NMR well log calibration. These measurements establish empirical equations to extract permeability from NMR well logs. Velocity and NMR-derived permeability and porosity relationships integrated with velocity tomography (based on crosswell seismic measurements recorded between two wells 100 m apart) capture two flow units that are supported with pore scale integration results. Next, we establish a more detailed picture of the complex aquifer pore structures and the critical role they play in water movement, which aids in our ability to characterize not only carbonate aquifers, but reservoirs in general. We analyze petrography and cores to reveal relationships between the rock physical properties that control the compressional and shear wave velocities of the formation. A digital thin section analysis provides the pore size distributions of the rock matrix, which allows us to relate pore structure to permeability and to characterize flow units at the core and borehole scales. Vp, density, porosity, and permeability logs are integrated with crosswell reflection data to produce impedance, permeability, and porosity images. These images capture three flow units that are characterized at the pore and borehole scales. The upper flow units are thin, continuous beds, and the deeper flow unit is thicker and heterogeneous. NMR well log calibration data and thin section analysis demonstrate that interwell region permeability is controlled mainly by micropores and macropores, which represent the flow unit matrices of the confined aquifer. Reflection image-derived impedance provides lateral detail and the depth of the deeper confining unit. The permeable regions identified in both parts of this phase of the study are consistent with the hydrological results of high water production being monitored between two wells in the South Florida aquifer. Finally, we describe the two major methodologies developed to support the aquifer characterization efforts--(1) a method to estimate frequency-dependent scattering attenuation based on the volume fraction and typical size of vugs or karsts, and (2) a method to more accurately interpret NMR well logs by taking into account the diffusion of magnetization between large and small pores. For the first method, we take the exact vug structure from x-ray CT scans of two carbonate cores and use 3-D finite difference modeling to determine the P-wave scattering attenuation in these cores at ultrasonic frequencies. In spite of the sharp contrast in medium properties between cavity and rock and the violation of the small perturbation assumption, the computed scattering attenuation is roughly comparable to that predicted by various random medium scattering theories. For the second method, we investigate how the diffusion of magnetization between macropores and micropores influences NMR log interpretation through 2D simulation of magnetization diffusion in realistic macropore geometries derived from digital images of thin sections. In most cases, our simulations show that the resulting simulated magnetization decay rate and corresponding T{sub 2} spectrum fit the well log and core NMR results better when inter-pore diffusion is included in the simulation. Interpore diffusion moves some of the magnetized fluid from large pores to small pores, so part of the T{sub 2} distribution is shifted to smaller decay times. The shift is strongest when the rock contains small macropores that are large enough to cause bulk relaxation to dominate over surface relaxation, but small enough that the diffusion transport time scale is faster than the bulk relaxation time scale. The simulated T{sub 2} spectra are consistent with known facies characteristics.

  13. INCREASING HEAVY OIL RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND THERMAL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Hara

    2000-12-06

    Through December 1999, project work has been completed on the following activities: data preparation; basic reservoir engineering; developing a deterministic three dimensional (3-D) geologic model, a 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model and a rock-log model; well drilling and completions; and surface facilities on the Fault Block II-A Tar (Tar II-A) Zone. Work is continuing on improving core analysis techniques, final reservoir tracer work, operational work and research studies to prevent thermal-related formation compaction in the Tar II-A steamflood area, and operational work on the Tar V steamflood pilot and Tar II-A post steamflood project. Work was discontinued on the stochastic geologic model and developing a 3-D stochastic thermal reservoir simulation model of the Tar II-A Zone in order to focus the remaining time on using the 3-D deterministic reservoir simulation model to provide alternatives for the Tar II-A post steamflood operations and shale compaction studies. Thermal-related formation compaction is a concern of the project team due to observed surface subsidence in the local area above the Tar II-A steamflood project. On January 12, 1999, the steamflood project lost its inexpensive steam source from the Harbor Cogeneration Plant as a result of the recent deregulation of electrical power rates in California. An operational plan was developed and implemented to mitigate the effects of the two situations by injecting cold water into the flanks of the steamflood. The purpose of flank injection has been to increase and subsequently maintain reservoir pressures at a level that would fill-up the steam chests in the ''T'' and ''D'' sands before they can collapse and cause formation compaction and to prevent the steam chests from reoccurring. A new 3-D deterministic thermal reservoir simulation model was used to provide operations with the necessary water injection rates and allowable production rates by well to minimize future surface subsidence and to accurately project reservoir steam chest fill-up by October 1999. A geomechanics study and a separate reservoir simulation study have been performed to determine the possible indicators of formation compaction, the temperatures at which specific indicators are affected and the projected temperature profiles in the over and underburden shales over a ten year period following steam injection. It was believed that once steam chest fill-up occurred, the reservoir would act more like a waterflood and production and cold water injection could be operated at lower Injection to production ratios (I/P) and net injection rates. In mid-September 1999, net water injection was reduced substantially in the ''D'' sands following steam chest fill-up. This caused reservoir pressures to plummet about 100 psi within six weeks. Starting in late-October 1999, net ''D'' sand injection was increased and reservoir pressures have slowly increased back to steam chest fill-up pressures as of the end of March 2000. When the ''T'' sands reached fill-up, net ''T'' sand injection was lowered only slightly and reservoir pressures stabilized. A more detailed discussion of the operational changes is in the Reservoir Management section of this report. A reservoir pressure monitoring program was developed as part of the poststeamflood reservoir management plan. This bi-monthly sonic fluid level program measures the static fluid levels in all idle wells an average of once a month. The fluid levels have been calibrated for liquid and gas density gradients by comparing a number of them with Amerada bomb pressures taken within a few days. This data allows engineering to respond quickly to rises or declines in reservoir pressure by either increasing injection or production or idling production. Expanding thermal recovery operations to other sections of the Wilmington Oil Field, including the Tar V horizontal well pilot steamflood project, is a critical part of the City of Long Beach and Tidelands Oil Production Company's development strategy for the field. The current thermal operations in the Wilm

  14. Analysis of the charmed semileptonic decay D+ ---> rho0 mu+ nu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luiggi, Eduardo E.; /Vanderbilt U.; ,

    2008-12-01

    The search for the fundamental constituents of matter has been pursued and studied since the dawn of civilization. As early as the fourth century BCE, Democritus, expanding the teachings of Leucippus, proposed small, indivisible entities called atoms, interacting with each other to form the Universe. Democritus was convinced of this by observing the environment around him. He observed, for example, how a collection of tiny grains of sand can make out smooth beaches. Today, following the lead set by Democritus more than 2500 years ago, at the heart of particle physics is the hypothesis that everything we can observe in the Universe is made of a small number of fundamental particles interacting with each other. In contrast to Democritus, for the last hundred years we have been able to perform experiments that probe deeper and deeper into matter in the search for the fundamental particles of nature. Today's knowledge is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics, a model describing the fundamental particles and their interactions. It is within this model that the work in this thesis is presented. This work attempts to add to the understanding of the Standard Model by measuring the relative branching fraction of the charmed semileptonic decay D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu} with respect to D{sup +} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0} {mu}{sup +}{nu}. Many theoretical models that describe hadronic interactions predict the value of this relative branching fraction, but only a handful of experiments have been able to measure it with any precision. By making a precise measurement of this relative branching fraction theorists can distinguish between viable models as well as refine existing ones. In this thesis we presented the measurement of the branching fraction ratio of the Cabibbo suppressed semileptonic decay mode D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu} with respect to the Cabibbo favored mode D{sup +} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0} {mu}{sup +}{nu} using data collected by the FOCUS collaboration. We used a binned maximum log-likelihood fit that included all known semileptonic backgrounds as well as combinatorial and muonmisidentification backgrounds to extract the yields for both the signal and normalization modes. We reconstructed 320 {+-} 44 D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu} events and 11372 {+-} 161 D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}{nu} events. Taking into account the non-resonant contribution to the D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}{nu} yield due to a s-wave interference first measured by FOCUS the branching fraction ratio is: {Lambda}(D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu}) = 0.0412 {+-} 0.0057 {+-} 0.0040 (VII.1) where the first error is statistical and the second error is the systematic uncertainty. This represents a substantial improvement over the previous world average. More importantly, the new world average for {Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu})/{Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{bar K}*{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu}) along with the improved measurements in the electronic mode can be used to discriminate among different theoretical approaches that aim to understand the hadronic current involved in the charm to light quark decay process. The average of the electronic and muonic modes indicate that predictions for the partial decay width {Lambda}(D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{ell}{sup +}{nu}) and the ratio {Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{rho}{sup 0}{ell}{sup +}{nu})/{Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{bar K}*{sup 0}{ell}{sup +}{nu}) based on Sum Rules are too low. Using the same data used to extract {Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu})/{Lambda}(D{sup +}{yields}{bar K}*{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu}) we studied the feasibility of measuring the form factors for the D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{nu} decay. We found that the need to further reduce the combinatorial and muon misidentification backgrounds left us with a much smaller sample of 52 {+-} 12 D{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{mu} events; not enough to make a statistically significa

  15. Quinault Indian Nation Renewable Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Hopps, Institute for Washington's Future; Jesse Nelson, Institute for Washington's Future

    2006-11-28

    The Quinault Indian Nation (Nation) initiated this study on conservation and production of renewable energy because this approach created the opportunity: • To become self-sufficient and gain greater control over the energy the Nation uses; • To generate jobs and businesses for its members; • To better manage, sustain, and protect its resources; • To express the cultural values of the Nation in an important new arena. The Nation has relatively small energy needs. These needs are concentrated at two separate points: the Quinault Beach Resort and Casino (QBRC) and Taholah on the Quinault Indian Reservation (QIR). Except for the town of Queets, energy needs are small and scattered. The needs vary greatly over the season. The small scale, widely dispersed, and variable nature of these needs presents a unique challenge to the Nation. Meeting these needs requires a resource and technology that is flexible, effective, and portable. Conservation is the most cost-effective way to meet any need. It is especially effective in a situation like this where production would leave a high per unit cost. This plan is based on first gaining energy savings through conservation. Major savings are possible through: 1. Upgrading home appliances on the QIR. 2. Weatherizing homes and facilities. 3. Changes in lighting/ventilation in the QBRC pool room. These elements of the plan are already being implemented and promise to save the Nation around a quarter of its present costs. Wood biomass is the best resource available to the QIN for energy production either on-site or for commercial development. It is abundant, flexible and portable. Its harvesting has high job potential and these jobs are a good fit for the present “skill set” of the QIN. This plan focuses on using wood biomass to produce energy and other value-added products. Our study considered various technologies and approaches to using wood for energy. We considered production for both on-site and commercial production. This plan calls for commercial-scale production only, with the QIN being the first “customer” for the product. This plan favors employing the pyrolysis technology to produce bio-oil, heat, and char. We favor this approach and technology because it is the most cost effective way to use the available resource. Its main product, bio-oil, has proven utility for the production of heat and electricity. It has promise for use as an alternative fuel, which is a much higher value than present uses of wood and it meets the QIN need for flexibility, scalability, and portability. Char, the secondary product from the pyrolysis process, has proven value-added uses. In addition to these direct benefits, the use of biomass in pyrolysis technology has significant indirect benefits. These benefits include the fact that the technology is a good fit with the Nation’s cultural values, i.e., environmental protection and the holistic use of a resource. It fits well with current QIN enterprises. For example, char could be processed into a charcoal co-product for QIN fish. Finally, the QIN can become a leader in developing and demonstrating this innovative approach to the use of wood. This plan proposes key organization steps to insure both excellent implementation of the plan and taking the best advantage of the processes and facilities put in place. This plan calls for two new QIN organizations: an energy production/distribution corporation and a community development corporation. The production/distribution corporation can be either a utility or a business enterprise that develops and markets renewable energy. The community development corporation can be a not-for-profit to support the QIN in taking best advantage of its energy opportunities. The production and distribution corporation is the subject of a further business planning effort now underway. This plan envisions a community development corporation that works directly with the Business Committee on research, education, and project development. Specifically, this corporation can seek grant funding to research energy matters such as the BPA direct sale of energy proposal, identify key business opportunities like charcoal production and train QIN members in business building, and establish a renewable energy education program and center to enhance the education of QIN youth and market to schools and community colleges in Western Washington. Overall, this final report includes the final Renewable Energy Plan for the QIN, the final Financial Analysis, and appendices. The two final plans are the culmination of research and planning represented by the appendices.

  16. Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon Life History Investigations, Annual Report 2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiffan, Kenneth F.; Connor, William P.; McMichael, Geoffrey A.

    2009-08-21

    In 2007, we used radio and acoustic telemetry to evaluate the migratory behavior, survival, mortality, and delay of subyearling fall Chinook salmon in the Clearwater River and Lower Granite Reservoir. Monthly releases of radio-tagged fish ({approx}95/month) were made from May through October and releases of 122-149/month acoustic-tagged fish per month were made from August through October. We compared the size at release of our tagged fish to that which could have been obtained at the same time from in-river, beach seine collections made by the Nez Perce Tribe. Had we relied on in-river collections to obtain our fish, we would have obtained very few in June from the free-flowing river but by late July and August over 90% of collected fish in the transition zone were large enough for tagging. Detection probabilities of radio-tagged subyearlings were generally high ranging from 0.60 (SE=0.22) to 1.0 (SE=0) in the different study reaches and months. Lower detection probabilities were observed in the confluence and upper reservoir reaches where fewer fish were detected. Detection probabilities of acoustic-tagged subyearlings were also high and ranged from 0.86 (SE=0.09) to 1.0 (SE=0) in the confluence and upper reservoir reaches during August through October. Estimates of the joint probability of migration and survival generally declined in a downstream direction for fish released from June through August. Estimates were lowest in the transition zone (the lower 7 km of the Clearwater River) for the June release and lowest in the confluence area for July and August releases. The joint probability of migration and survival in these reaches was higher for the September and October releases, and were similar to those of fish released in May. Both fish weight and length at tagging were significantly correlated with the joint probability of migrating and surviving for both radio-tagged and acoustic-tagged fish. For both tag types, fish that were heavier at tagging had a higher probability of successfully passing through the confluence (P=0.0050 for radio-tagged fish; P=0.0038 for acoustic-tagged fish). Radio-tagged fish with greater weight at tagging also had a higher probability of migrating and surviving through both the lower free-flowing reach (P=0.0497) and the transition zone (P=0.0007). Downstream movement rates of radio-tagged subyearlings were highest in free-flowing reaches in every month and decreased considerably with impoundment. Movement rates were slowest in the transition zone for the June and August release groups, and in the confluence reach for the July release group. For acoustic-tagged subyearlings, the slowest movement rates through the confluence and upper reservoir reaches were observed for the September release group. Radio-tagged fish released in August showed the greatest delay in the transition zone, while acoustic-tagged fish released in September showed the greatest delay in the transition zone and confluence reaches. Across the monthly release groups from July through September, the probability of delaying in the transition zone and surviving there declined throughout the study. All monthly release groups of radio-tagged subyearlings showed evidence of mortality within the transition zone, with final estimates (across the full 45-d detection period) ranging from 0.12 (SE not available) for the May release group to 0.58 (SE = 0.06) for the June release group. The May and September release groups tended to have lower mortality in the transition zone than the June, July, and August release groups. Live fish were primarily detected away from shore in the channel, whereas all dead fish were located along shorelines with most being located in the vicinity of the Memorial Bridge and immediately upstream. During the May detection period, before the implementation of summer flow augmentation, temperatures in the Clearwater River and Snake River arms of Lower Granite Reservoir and the downstream boundary of the confluence ranged from 8 to 17 C. During the June-August detection periods, however, temperatures in the Clearwater River arm ranged from 10-16 C down to 7 m and the Snake River arm was above 20 C down to a depth of 9 m. Incomplete mixing between the two water sources resulted in significant vertical temperature variation at the downstream boundary of the confluence during a large portion of the June-August detection periods. This variation diminished during the September and October detection periods when temperatures once again fell to 17 C and lower and eventually became uniformly distributed throughout the water column in the confluence.

  17. COMPNAME","COMPID","YEAR","PLANTNAME","KIND","CONSTRUC","INSTALLED","MAXCAP","NE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    EQUIP","TOTCOST","COSTCAP","GROSSEXP","OPERENG","FUEL","COOLANTS","STEXP","STOTH","STTRANS","ELECEXP","MISCST","RENTS","MAINSUP","MAINSTRUC","MAINBOIL","MAINELEC","MAINMISC","TOTPROD","EXPKWH","UNITCL","QUANTCL","AVGHEATCL","ACDELCL","ACBURNCL","ACBTUCL","ACNETGENCL","ABTUNETGCL","UNITGAS","QUANTGAS","AVGHEATGAS","ACDELGAS","ACBURNGAS","ACBTUGAS","ACNETGNGAS","ABTUNETGAS","UNITOIL","QUANTOIL","AVGHEATOIL","ACDELOIL","ACBURNOIL","ACBTUOIL","ACNETGNOIL","ABTUNETOIL" "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Sequoyah","Nuclear","01/01/81",,2441160,2303000,8760,1008,1.8570502e+10,3184031,533636867,2488511062,3025331960,1239,33187938,21080862,86166618,4316783,11925073,0,0,13329621,28360769,0,16330987,1528775,8295886,3650336,7012139,201997849,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",189924066,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10230 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Nuclear","01/01/96","1/1/1996",1269000,1200000,8208,728,8230350000,1953589,2108999339,4827648621,6938601549,5468,30551823,12179502,38261150,3963151,7056493,0,0,10400580,24553068,0,14243155,2328791,9244870,870737,990214,124091711,15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",84467683,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10260 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",1088000,1407000,8760,14,256798000,0,6064116,119609619,125673735,116,112893140,2747882,9870790,0,0,0,0,0,477926,0,2274,1326,0,475339,7436,13582973,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",24224936,139600,0,0.41,0.03,0,13170 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",325200,431000,8760,8,176258000,0,3324533,63486109,66810642,205,80539157,665541,6810251,0,0,0,0,0,151587,0,1339166,1553,0,3922,4338,8976358,51,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2252179,1024,0,2.67,2.61,0,0,"Gallons",2063233,139100,0,0.37,0,0.03,14710 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Browns Ferry","Nuclear","01/01/74","1/1/1977",3456000,2529000,8760,1085,1.771301e+10,890631,909522117,3830292072,4740704820,1372,47061477,58344025,102890781,3642332,11672365,0,0,16130309,26099224,0,5560106,0,25822517,1921329,0,252082988,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",186421503,0,0,0,0.53,0,10520 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Cumberland","Steam","01/01/73","1/1/1973",2600000,2591000,8760,323,1.6530325e+10,1829568,103903145,1638681020,1744413733,671,63827428,5077791,197194700,0,86656,0,0,3945,13987241,0,1210473,1306476,16946838,4232440,841362,240887922,15,"Tons",6868849,10459,26.16,27.86,1.2,0.01,9746,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","1/1/1972",820300,622000,8760,9,264695000,0,3063638,102977658,106041296,129,1709273,879771,11709062,0,0,0,0,0,72128,0,301000,0,0,150309,2816,13115086,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3589538,1024,0,3.06,3.03,0,0,"Gallons",1173222,139500,0,0.55,0,0.03,14460 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",476000,420000,8760,7,326221000,0,2826177,64911682,67737859,142,3078759,1248563,12167389,0,0,0,0,0,69117,0,27275,0,0,74,2699,13515117,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3866688,1024,0,2.8,2.71,0,0,"Gallons",3619161,138400,0,0.35,0,0.03,13670 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Bull Run","Steam","01/01/67","1/1/1967",950000,912000,8760,87,4389788000,2220883,35786684,300943172,338950739,357,21987402,2324904,50419615,0,2286709,0,0,1742,6906593,0,754423,481980,8505768,2788903,314448,74785085,17,"Tons",1593346,11895,28.85,30.74,1.24,0.01,9257,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1959",990000,858000,8760,122,4102572000,142024,73025058,451231229,524398311,530,20254094,1206283,60294160,0,16,0,0,0,9854407,0,392524,824748,8011764,5402527,184253,86170682,21,"Tons",2039487,9680,25.5,29.45,1.39,0.01,10585,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Steam","01/01/42","1/1/1945",240000,0,8760,0,-1381000,11997,4933530,18578656,23524183,98,-6629,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,109802,0,908,5,0,0,0,110892,-80,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Paradise","Steam","01/01/63","1/1/1970",2558200,2286000,8760,296,1.4181992e+10,8519495,115906466,1287447341,1411873302,552,57696636,6093708,168293657,0,752026,0,0,536,10779025,0,3529172,4127133,18094770,3094627,676700,215441354,15,"Tons",6332104,10413,21.43,26.2,1.14,0.01,10280,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Steam","01/01/56","1/1/1959",1255200,992000,8760,131,7002818000,690082,44703289,427469961,472863332,377,5073325,1612720,80238724,0,1258244,0,0,73323,7350012,0,1803476,714460,6039653,3054984,792751,102938347,15,"Tons",3266195,9540,22.99,24.49,1.19,0.01,9651,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"John Sevier","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1957",800000,748000,8760,129,5522165000,1570328,37309270,253176616,292056214,365,2993416,946133,70531483,0,3286201,0,0,0,4864155,0,569877,953882,3537596,666934,559907,85916168,16,"Tons",2120222,11710,32.44,33.21,1.3,0.01,9802,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Kingston","Steam","01/01/54","1/1/1955",1700000,1583000,8760,275,1.0147089e+10,3475653,55125946,433125237,491726836,289,31839874,1201130,133624099,0,732904,0,0,671,15993919,0,2888077,697638,10886872,3114678,359796,169499784,17,"Tons",4038449,11134,31.75,32.96,1.34,0.01,9845,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1965",1350000,1283000,8760,222,6557785000,279029,50717782,608908796,659905607,489,12808186,3684548,92134159,0,115314,0,0,3096,11894009,0,1552144,1216679,16776178,4392373,150021,131918521,20,"Tons",2890398,10787,27.4,31.47,1.38,0.01,10066,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Shawnee","Steam","01/01/53","1/1/1956",1750000,1368000,8760,264,8060005000,504507,64076435,534941906,599522848,343,20760203,5379072,113531307,0,6565666,0,0,278,7470171,0,2988378,2163530,11022440,5415043,396055,154931940,19,"Tons",3766896,10234,28.54,29.83,1.34,0.01,10474,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Steam","01/01/51","1/1/1959",1485200,1213000,8760,269,6638234000,87967,76839994,522564850,599492811,404,5328716,12443723,83697340,0,-481100,0,0,6321,6501533,0,2973740,1891947,6444598,2867797,430252,116776151,18,"Tons",2922958,11389,26.49,28.52,1.16,0.01,10912,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Widows Creek","Steam","01/01/52","1/1/1965",1968760,1652000,8760,332,8498846000,855691,74795817,748521437,824172945,419,22653730,3695032,119092329,0,6555644,0,0,1697,9854746,0,1449646,2594983,13869309,4635675,4932791,166681852,20,"Tons",3858785,10808,28.8,30.16,1.27,0.01,10896,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"PALO VERDE 17.49%","n","01/01/86","01/01/88",666364,659000,8760,0,5317709000,1244457,281584974,735793972,1018623403,1529,6013000,4282694,25651422,2986065,4032493,0,0,2276671,26939892,0,5837013,1933729,6303817,3749209,2418208,86411213,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBTU",57406,0,0,440.13,0.44,0.01,10795,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"San Tan","Combined Cy","01/01/74","01/01/75",414000,292000,4112,43,714062000,149179,2773141,65463525,68385845,165,-5000,380221,14107193,0,1594474,0,0,0,845877,0,332730,170816,0,7389209,249749,25070269,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",6579686,1017,2.12,2.12,2.08,0.02,9372,"BBL",291,485968,0,24.61,4.22,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"SOLAR PV1 & PV2","So1ar","01/01/98","01/01/98",216,100,3000,0,119493,0,0,1676818,1676818,7763,1852000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Steam","01/01/52","01/01/54",108000,106000,736,12,50072000,313326,2433283,15283485,18030094,167,726000,180057,1483303,0,338591,0,0,169009,304652,0,157896,27729,608781,344347,214929,3829294,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",651225,1016,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.03,13215,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/73",226850,149000,290,0,18990000,0,0,16888448,16888448,74,0,114913,724438,0,85074,0,0,0,40298,0,64493,11249,0,291038,96634,1428137,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",281631,1017,2.09,2.09,2.06,0.04,15094,"BBL",60,488889,0,24.61,4.19,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"MOHAVE 10%","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",163620,158000,8715,0,996913000,42812,5046928,50920964,56010704,342,1221000,250561,13703464,0,389195,0,0,245787,1776796,-12611,497248,178489,1673455,685271,112185,19499840,20,"Tons",457815,10939,28.47,29.64,1.35,0.01,10093,"MCF",45107,1028,0,2.94,2.86,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CORONADO","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",821880,760000,8760,213,5039392000,8300198,158523884,696108809,862932891,1050,7523000,1228492,96325127,0,4607490,0,0,403466,4002498,10446,1754276,1703703,12035645,3902862,1238765,127212770,25,"Tons",2632698,9886,34.53,35.42,1.79,0.02,10357,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",24155,137315,24.21,26.79,4.65,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CRAIG 29%","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/81",259414,248000,8760,0,2050747000,83589,52424794,181936864,234445247,904,680000,368849,22362014,0,1036824,0,0,425951,1689040,12271,323682,251566,1760910,701820,370069,29302996,14,"Coal",1040589,10060,22.56,21.42,1.06,0.01,10223,"MCF",28100,1000,0,2.49,2.49,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CROSS CUT","Steam","01/01/42","01/01/49",30000,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 21.7%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",522857,488000,8760,539,3676183000,42866,27115117,246304509,273462492,523,5605000,1396220,45545213,0,1123640,0,0,257918,3750053,132023,667722,165042,7069421,2110905,434407,62652564,17,"Tons",1685726,10956,23.51,26.74,1.22,0.01,10061,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",8625,139078,22.75,28.63,4.9,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 100%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",2409480,2250000,8760,539,1.6020912e+10,197537,124954457,1135043822,1260195816,523,25829493,6236459,196347455,0,5554459,0,0,1293757,8406791,0,3306198,769371,29759456,10024854,2263428,263962228,16,"Tons",7339290,10979,23.5,26.63,1.21,0.01,10074,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",39756,139079,22.75,22.47,3.85,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"FOUR CORNERS 10%","Steam","01/01/69","01/01/70",163620,148000,8760,0,1176172000,11573,7334703,91939839,99286115,607,37000,105696,11684589,0,978340,0,0,90099,1040379,83795,135949,61864,1112429,291525,340786,15925451,14,"Tons",644302,8885,17.41,17.97,1.01,0.01,9757,"MCF",26430,1008,0,4.13,4.1,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"HAYDEN 50%","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",137700,131000,6809,0,812423000,482702,13855905,64632670,78971277,574,16419000,157050,8427442,0,469402,0,0,101091,1360780,0,245277,92834,431566,123971,241674,11651087,14,"Tons",413486,10561,22.49,20.28,0.96,0.01,10759,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1248,138870,26.63,32.67,5.6,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/61",390472,407000,4062,62,888092000,139014,5833721,51714773,57687508,148,23000,345003,21091146,0,1032200,0,0,1186582,715713,0,741888,530777,2232219,897096,413430,29186054,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",9553025,1009,2.14,2.14,2.12,0.02,10859,"BBL",3,500000,0,24.61,4.1,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Gas Turbine","01/01/74","01/01/75",222950,197000,451,0,42223000,0,299904,22692012,22991916,103,0,108584,1469697,0,233742,0,0,0,36481,0,284381,9332,0,296342,34359,2472918,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",617372,1007,2.12,0,2.1,0.03,14371,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Alexandria City",298,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/56","01/01/74",171000,170000,5326,20,194429,0,0,0,0,0,0,708998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,199997,14994,0,404462,0,1328451,6833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346281,10,2.24,2.24,2.14,0.03,12.45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/50",,102500,103000,8760,45,381623000,0,0,0,0,0,0,4120850,6152121,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,10272971,27,,239196,8800,25.72,25.72,1.46,0.02,11031,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","1/1/1972",22000,18000,95,0,1007000,0,0,0,0,0,0,9422,53460,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62882,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,99000,137300,0.54,0.54,3.93,0.05,13498 "Anaheim City of",590,1999,,"GAS TRUBINE","01/01/90","01/01/91",49270,45998,638,6,27719000,0,9226000,27237000,36463000,740,0,280835,699954,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,187223,0,0,0,1146979,2314991,84,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258683,1009,2.76,2.76,2.74,25.7,9394,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#1","4 Gas 2 Int","01/01/62","01/01/72",85000,33000,1010,14,9983618,80839,3457655,22418738,25957232,305,380194,55796,353989,0,0,0,0,809120,0,3922,67280,67353,0,442853,0,1800313,180,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,273580,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.03,19744,778,0,133500,33.82,33.82,6.03,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#2","3 Gas 1 Ste","01/01/75","01/01/84",243200,151000,19516,30,759258360,11240,8928538,75136820,84076598,346,5364843,257796,10642281,0,678572,0,0,1623991,233929,0,330573,231135,303990,1190866,118352,15611485,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7701758,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.01,10144,570,0,133500,34.71,34.71,6.19,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Gas Turbine","01/01/54","01/01/54",5500,5000,0,0,493000,0,0,1065016,1065016,194,0,142,36663,0,0,0,0,7532,0,0,143,0,0,142049,0,186529,378,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1347,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Northeast","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",31500,31300,7566,24,120607160,70498,2376720,5711293,8158511,259,0,42490,2760067,0,395223,0,0,366434,798118,0,24135,51518,290200,20129,3652,4751966,39,"TON",58175,12000,39.8,39.48,1.64,0.02,12637,"MCF",125541,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.03,12648,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Steam","01/01/35","01/01/54",27500,22500,465,11,4508000,24099,1221355,5587700,6833154,248,0,31568,193351,0,41643,0,0,12652,492890,0,23781,136549,88433,55977,1897,1078741,239,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",70119,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.04,15874,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER TURBINES","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",200000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER SOLAR","SOLAR","01/01/86","01/01/86",300,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER","STEAM","01/01/70","01/01/77",726000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/74",558000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"SEAHOLM","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/55",120000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Braintree Town of",2144,1999,"Potter II","Gas Turbine","01/01/77","01/01/77",97500,79500,1284,27,72929000,20271,3762859,18429374,22212504,228,132748,176565,2625145,0,1154442,0,0,0,0,0,158096,316309,488498,491410,262035,5672500,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",931167,1035,3.03,3.03,2.92,0.03,11631,"BBLS",14190,138809,15.72,15.72,2.7,0.03,10520 "Brownsville Public Utils Board",2409,1999,"SILAS RAY","STEAM GAS T","01/01/46","01/01/77",155000,197000,5256,29,206,528443,4499041,192117166,197144650,1272,0,205477,6239714,0,1311,0,0,155739,309455,0,74856,224382,203068,176038,1264465,8854505,42983034,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346974,1059,2.65,2.65,2.5,0.03,12048,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2439,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/70","01/01/87",39,30,265,8,5177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,311874,0,0,0,0,499578,0,0,0,0,0,216081,0,1027533,198480,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",72688,1000,3.8,3.8,3.8,0.06,29839,"Bbl29839",639,128000,55.63,55.63,7.12,0.06,29839 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Bryan Municipal","STEAM, GAS","01/01/55","01/01/74",138000,115000,0,20,118273000,0,7590674,7546886,15137560,110,46427,76607,3529286,0,372623,0,0,606045,154868,9320,63805,20315,520977,159461,31344,5544651,47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1626575,1,2.25,2.25,2.21,0.03,14.05,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Roland C. Dandy","STEAM","01/01/77","01/01/77",105000,106000,0,19,461142000,1183486,10201555,18752019,30137060,287,105283,76291,11510542,0,391030,0,0,512056,181517,12858,53081,31539,405327,91686,57727,13323654,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",5120070,1,2.24,2.24,2.21,0.02,11.36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Gas Turbine","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/71",25500,25000,106,1,2093500,13587,531143,3214616,3759346,147,17164,6073,130467,0,0,0,0,324,5442,16648,0,0,0,75762,0,234716,112,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",6016,137674,20.61,21.69,3.75,0.06,16616 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Joseph C McNeil GenrЬ ","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50,53,4305,48,183109400,278455,18147811,50484579,68910845,1378217,571376,140467,6439721,0,788415,0,0,291816,360657,0,131396,35661,553086,1325161,20193,10086573,55,"Wood-Tons",263762,4750,23.46,23.52,2.47,0.03,13742,"MCF",66041,1012124,2.82,2.82,2.78,0.24,86785,"BBL",2260,136430,20.13,21.19,3.7,0,71.02 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Streeter Station","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/73",51500,50000,1650,23,38111600,281328,3758281,14375110,18414719,358,699506,97410,1113417,0,230220,0,0,102634,142771,0,90418,180725,588058,55402,9122,2610177,68,"Tons",19527,12429,38.79,36.49,1.47,0.02,14033.99,"MCF",49410,1000,2.75,2.75,2.75,0.04,14033.99,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Combustion Turbine","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/68",25000,20000,193,0,2814300,70777,134588,3497629,3702994,148,3062,4978,122537,0,0,0,0,5713,0,0,6674,9708,0,32837,0,182447,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",50599,1000,2.42,2.42,2.42,0.04,17979.25,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"Reid Garner #4","Steam-coal","01/01/83","01/01/83",275000,250000,0,96,1597086000,319709000,0,0,319709000,1163,0,0,22054817,0,0,0,0,0,21659183,0,0,0,0,0,0,43714000,27,"Tons",672949,11858,0,13.11,1.31,0.01,11079,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7515,133622,0,25,4.55,0.05,11570 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"BottleRock & S Geysep","Steam-Geoth","01/01/85","01/01/85",55000,0,0,0,0,10000,0,0,10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Chanute City of",3355,1999,"Plant #3","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/91",31915,39975,595,8,10378156,50000,612000,15500000,16162000,506,0,369525,245371,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,166666,0,0,136912,0,918474,89,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",78668,1000,2.66,2.66,2.66,0.02,0.02,"Barrels",3969,138000,26.57,26.57,0.08,0.01,0.01 "PUD No 1 of Clark County",3660,1999,"River Road CCCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","01/01/97",248000,258504,7058,21,1711891704,1053160,141767983,13187783,156008926,629,2319343,4203148,23066109,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,91900,0,0,0,27361157,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",11463,1060,2042,2012,1.9,0.01,7114,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Combine Cyc","01/01/71","01/01/71",25550,24000,2149,6,43507,0,0,4581109,4581109,179,0,10000,1053091,0,0,0,0,130000,80000,0,10000,0,12009,328580,0,1623680,37320,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",374997,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.02,8.62,"BBL",70,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.05,13.99 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/65","01/01/65",11500,11500,754,6,12158,0,0,1445133,1445133,126,0,10000,478409,0,0,0,0,100000,50000,0,20000,0,0,226974,0,885383,72823,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",169662,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.03,13.99,"BBL",115,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.07,20.18 "Coffeyville City o",3892,1999,"COFFEYVILLE","STEAM","01/01/01","01/01/73",56985,55900,4013,23,68578900,0,0,0,0,0,0,57285,2419645,0,0,0,0,0,1146750,0,0,0,8610,0,0,3632290,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",938070,1000,2.25,2.58,2.58,0.03,1368,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Steam","01/01/00","01/01/64",11125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,68864,7301,41,105,51389,127700,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Diesel","01/01/48","01/01/78",13250,45933,1719,6,7081208,0,0,0,0,0,0,40423,214682,0,0,0,0,37863,0,0,0,12739,0,71418,0,377125,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",65604,9530000,2.84,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1725,126000,17.7,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Birdsall","Steam-Gas","01/01/53","01/01/57",62500,4500,1717,4,20716000,10761,2593301,11384249,13988311,224,0,67716,1180669,0,107787,0,0,227078,88988,0,31363,89311,290603,224308,38374,2346197,113,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",412714,806,2.83,2.83,3.52,0.06,16212,"GALLONS",22000,137420,0.11,0.11,0.81,0.01,16212 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Drake","Steam-Gas","01/01/25","01/01/74",257300,256000,8760,106,1484262000,2725551,23014851,80547185,106287587,413,0,1059853,25816108,0,1094453,0,0,3228406,1184954,0,462905,237248,4111443,1735831,152472,39083673,26,"TONS",769313,10914,29.13,31.49,1.44,0.01,11585,"MCF",494125,808,2.73,2.73,3.38,0.03,11585,"BARRELS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Nixon","Steam-Gas","01/01/80","01/01/80",207000,214000,6081,81,1117841000,5059222,39785705,107090082,151935009,734,0,969721,11571054,0,779121,0,0,1343687,1057607,0,489855,218501,3309067,2974204,146609,22859426,20,"TONS",538337,10432,18.31,18.84,0.9,0,10120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13952,136738,24.87,24.87,4.33,0.04,10120 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"CTS","Gas","01/01/99","01/01/99",71660,73000,458,0,22292000,418573,123167,32084223,32625963,455,0,0,715385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26204,0,741589,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",291394,983,2.89,2.87,2.92,0.03,12852,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbia City of",4045,1999,,"Steam/Gas T","01/01/10","01/01/70",86000,226000,8760,46,62152000,115894,3578025,15986526,19680445,229,5320808,43503,2133251,0,531664,0,0,967929,376491,0,170114,28005,512239,452108,0,5215304,84,"Tons",37319,13265,53.83,53.69,2.02,3.22,15930,"Mcf",34179,0,3.64,3.64,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbus City of",4065,1999,"O'Shaughnessy",,,,5000,5000,0,1,5860000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49898,0,0,0,0,0,2864,0,52762,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Concord City of",4150,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,545243,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Connecticut Mun Elec Engy Coop",4180,1999,"Millstone Unit 3","Nuclear (e)","01/01/86","01/01/86",1253100,1164700,7329,933,8277624400,0,20415627,29930688,50346315,40,0,324496,363329,24201,162455,0,0,48209,296706,13608,313554,74201,315415,228127,1354,2165655,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Wansley 1 & 2","Coal fired","01/01/76","01/01/78",22220,0,0,0,149590620,0,0,9113036,9113036,410,28304,29233,2186381,0,24950,0,0,15863,81536,0,42895,19710,138435,167350,13819,2720172,18,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Scherer 1 & 2","Coal fired","/ /","01/01/84",22680,0,0,0,144814966,0,0,13467749,13467749,594,50818,27106,2605498,0,25617,0,0,15303,77539,0,34949,22981,256897,16076,11927,3093893,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Denton City of",5063,1999,"SPENCER PLANT","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/73",179000,259100,11980,36,305539695,0,0,0,0,0,0,233373,9138796,0,348227,0,0,468112,432003,0,71604,11794,211613,467529,210327,11593378,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3800668,1,2.24,2.24,2.24,2.99,12.43,"BBl",0,139.68,7.82,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Willamette","Steam","01/01/31","01/01/50",25000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1189332,1189332,48,0,0,260,0,1204,0,0,-975,0,0,0,0,0,5095,7459,13043,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Energy Center","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",51200,41000,0,0,192829000,1280,320371,7521672,7843323,153,0,13058,1366594,0,0,0,0,261785,0,0,0,94,0,127793,0,1769324,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,321587,0,2.51,0,0,0,2495.24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"ANIMAS","STEAM-COMBI","01/01/55","01/01/94",32180,28000,7808,14,170805000,5968,1109574,25033191,26148733,813,0,70145,3611891,0,225548,0,0,460952,226694,0,122984,0,217797,1021413,38103,5995527,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1668856,1013,2.13,2.13,2.1,0.02,9897,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"SAN JUAN","STEAM-COAL","/ /","/ /",4300042200,43000,7919,10,293222700,0,5471749,62874731,68346480,0,0,71242,5641682,0,114021,0,0,120758,93838,131,62021,34762,382623,77158,65298,6663534,23,"TONS",167448,9421,32.33,32.33,1.72,0.01,10774,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Fayetteville Public Works Comm",6235,1999,"Butler-Warner Gen PtP","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/88",303400,276500,1134,33,0,749336,5123088,100277060,106149484,350,4108529,0,-6665,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,292639,-141172,144802,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1724674,1046,2.72,2.72,2.6,0.03,12249.5,"Barrels",4,138800,27.15,27.87,4.78,0.06,13375.25 "Fort Pierce Utilities Auth",6616,1999,"Steam","Steam","01/01/21","01/01/89",120011,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,564929,6990,0,231196,0,0,428922,138247,0,21508,56082,204594,1437831,87424,3177723,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #1","Internal Co",,"01/01/64",13190,0,0,9,2066120,5022,1113459,3036221,4154702,315,51721,42612,209909,0,0,0,0,518539,0,0,0,79604,0,0,0,850664,412,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",293755,138788,0.81,0.68,0.18,0.97,14.88 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #2","Internal Co","1/1/1968","01/01/73",37390,57000,1,9,1277200,1827,3178208,8088951,11268986,301,0,52596,205053,0,0,0,0,634322,0,28573,0,101784,0,0,0,1022328,800,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",319336,138788,0.86,0.64,0.13,0.16,9.2 "Fremont City of",6779,1999,"Wright","Steam","01/01/56","01/01/76",132700,83390,8760,47,336075,202231,5905920,42850719,48958870,369,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","STEAM (330-","01/01/69","01/01/81",327500,290000,12226,0,1352589900,254025,31881608,176716069,208851702,638,0,357675,29040171,0,1948913,669408,0,709824,318849,0,0,234571,2947099,1471570,212996,37911076,28,"Tons",434183,13091,0,43.31,1.65,0.02,10917.81,"Mcf",3363772,1047,0,2.65,2.53,0.03,12133.79,"Barrels",37465,152355.8,0,17.6,2.75,0.03,11346.38 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","GAS TURBINE","01/01/76","01/01/97",121000,106000,1766,0,84018600,0,1321304,28064043,29385347,243,0,39742,3231130,0,28286,26111,0,2792,9961,0,0,15073,36357,60563,3746,3453761,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1122969,1047,0,2.86,2.74,0.04,14030.74,"Barrels",692,139057.2,0,20.13,3.45,0.06,18331.59 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"CRYSTAL RIVER","NUCLEAR","01/01/77","01/01/77",12530,13000,8736,0,100282800,3267,4269194,7051636,11324097,904,0,649986,434350,0,10743,21,0,0,421140,180700,453410,74742,63458,47809,56124,2392483,24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mmbtu",1060237,1,0,0.41,0.41,0,10572.47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","STEAM (310,","01/01/13","01/01/65",69000,70000,6288,38,122927200,29000,3448845,16424862,19902707,288,0,116270,4283336,0,725363,41979,0,353107,42098,0,37872,118991,299095,266800,56631,6341542,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1386371,1041,0,2.8,2.69,0.04,1359.07,"Barrels",27416,150944,0,14.6,2.3,0.03,11701.63 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/38","01/01/65",48900,23000,187,0,1323700,0,3911,6914299,6918210,141,0,2848,102069,0,3654,898,0,156,983,0,56884,2806,253,6844,9228,186623,141,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",34317,1041,0,2.97,2.85,0.08,27441.76,"Barrels",125,137462.3,0,2.18,0.38,0.01,33607.61 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"C E Newman","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/64",90,0,0,15,52988540,0,0,0,0,0,0,393626,2065599,0,337730,0,0,304378,0,0,0,95143,576059,204996,14547,3992078,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",751031,1027,2.68,2.68,2.61,0.03,14558,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"Ray Olinger","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/75",340,0,0,53,1124489300,352431,77747728,0,78100159,229706,0,925754,28773849,0,899894,0,0,340126,0,0,75135,141289,2796239,1696904,58564,35707754,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",12530666,1015,2.29,2.29,2.25,0.02,11307,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","C.C. 8 & St","01/01/77","01/01/77",98000,30000,6550,46,83627000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,28,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,885159,1032,2.6,2.6,2.52,0.02,10922,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Steam 3, 4,","01/01/53","01/01/64",117000,79000,8095,46,235016000,0,0,0,0,0,0,83118,12398533,0,2564287,0,0,0,199205,0,21789,81361,407902,1157488,0,16913683,72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,6354878,665,1.96,1.96,2.94,0.04,13452,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","01/01/74",53000,1000,34332,46,295600,0,0,0,0,0,0,60626,127128,0,0,0,0,0,312,0,0,0,73,124,0,188263,637,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,49491,1032,2.57,2.57,2.49,0.04,17276,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Sims 111","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/83",65000,65640,7248,34,325839300,194823,17546372,59386460,77127655,1187,608741,60314,5842025,0,518785,0,0,229677,414863,0,31843,59567,1244336,91370,29265,8522045,26,"tons",160760,11367,0,36.34,1.59,17.93,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",13850,1000,0,4.34,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Diesel Plant","internal co","01/01/31","01/01/74",20430,9030,28,1,72500,27458,445645,4740308,5213411,255,22625,776,38089,0,0,0,0,0,30018,0,0,2297,0,0,74851,146031,2014,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",933,1000,0,4.34,11.87,525.39,44239,"brls",376,144000,0,0.05,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #1","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",490000,519,8044,97,3074727000,1689890,98855201,234243925,334789016,683,0,134410,29404628,0,904037,0,0,798928,375518,0,169174,314792,2121091,430639,266073,34919290,11,"TONS",1895637,8384,14.42,14.42,0.86,0,10337.97,"MCF",107483,1006,2.44,2.44,2.39,0,35.72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #2","STEAM","01/01/86","01/01/86",520000,553,8023,120,2084345000,0,53986144,402596506,456582650,878,0,83334,20574802,0,2216945,0,0,525668,233196,0,104888,178859,2453678,344835,172902,26889107,13,"TONS",2049199,8701,14.76,15.18,0.87,0,10756.78,"MCF",67904,1006,2.52,2.52,2.46,0,20.98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty",7548,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,82928,2208894,12774993,15066815,0,0,61617,6477957,0,27174,0,0,0,581817,934,212,0,14634,18437,28696,7211478,0,"Tons",249975,8218,25.98,25.74,1.56,0.02,10782,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,445,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Wright","Steam","1/1/1902","1/1/1955",17500,11721,1472,12,10291142,44232,477968,5142250,5664450,324,0,43208,293538,0,168488,0,0,154435,29059,1228,19461,29411,12072,62764,5858,819522,80,"Tons",140,13248,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",93243,1019,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Henderson","Steam","1/1/1960","1/1/1967",46179,40900,2903,23,50661210,117233,1499663,13202167,14819063,321,0,56586,2045916,0,255116,0,0,157434,117767,0,52669,867,272422,88793,111926,3159496,62,"Tons",545,13100,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",687608,1019,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",120,138486,0,0,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"PLEASANT VALLEY","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/97","01/01/98",14000,13795,0,2,1546628,18753,975623,6407017,7401393,529,0,9077,75597,0,0,0,0,10595,4440,0,0,5214,15176,0,188,120287,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",186918,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"MT. CLINTON","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/98","01/01/99",14000,8846,0,2,525731,0,139162,2862528,3001690,214,0,1057,18332,0,0,0,0,6844,366,0,0,5001,1332,0,21,32953,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",66356,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION ONE","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/68",40591,20000,0,30,4898138,0,2293070,8187353,10480423,258,0,312060,1078245,0,309093,0,0,263344,276291,0,0,14500,164236,186376,9722,2613867,534,"TONS",34517,11434,28.82,28.66,1.31,20.31,11501,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION TWO","STEAM","01/01/73","01/01/74",350000,312000,0,0,2104822040,0,0,115186365,115186365,329,0,469431,479283,0,1971482,0,0,894387,491084,0,272097,167212,3356917,539212,306867,8947972,4,"TONS",249039,11435,23.99,24.09,1.05,10.97,11458,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"48th Street","Oil/Gas Tur","01/01/94","01/01/94",75300,75651,1207,0,55601071,336770,5131914,24597253,30065937,399,33140,0,1847609,0,0,0,0,304910,0,0,0,0,0,70013,0,2222532,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",717801,1020,2.6,2.6,2.55,0.03,13168,"Brls",2149,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,222 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"James DeYoung","Steam","01/01/41","01/01/68",62250,55503,8760,45,321994740,803565,5456558,33980556,40240679,646,169931,203954,7360870,0,1786693,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1639115,0,10990632,34,"Tons",168615,12700,41,41,1.57,0.02,13300,"Mcf",4050,1020,3,3,2.94,0,13,"Brs",250,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,4.46 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"6th Street","Oi/Gas Turb","01/01/74","/ /",24000,13000,54,0,139040,20548,219739,2965966,3206253,134,0,0,27012,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11677,0,38689,278,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Brs",1208,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0.25,49992 "Holyoke City of",8774,1999,"Steam","Conventiona","01/01/02","01/01/61",25500,18000,272,32,-1054,143821,1991971,11336832,13472624,528,0,1028334,2937101,0,124366,0,0,0,0,0,416066,0,0,0,0,307775,-292007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",57642,1020,2.74,2.74,2.68,0.05,23544,"Barrels",265,152297,16.24,22.59,3.53,0.05,23544 "Homestead City of",8795,1999,"G.W.","Int. Combus","01/01/26","01/01/81",59100,63000,8700,21,73393186,7431029,52158226,0,59589255,1008,3549232,0,2715528,0,0,0,0,211533,0,0,749417,13328,0,1665477,0,5355283,73,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",652925,1091,2.85,3.21,2.85,0,10060,"BARRELS",13090,140600,24,24,0,0,1038 "Terrebonne Parish Consol Govt",8884,1999,"Houm plnt","Stem","01/01/62","01/01/76",78950,67,8908,26,108812349,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",1412914,1,2.82,2.82,2.66,0.03,13778,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"Cherry St Station","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/72",15200,15200,328,10,2018120,3500,332760,3278258,3614518,238,0,29030,151138,0,0,0,0,177436,0,0,27887,98252,0,122644,0,606387,300,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,33210,910,2.98,2.98,3.27,0,0,,2307,140000,24.47,22.62,3.85,0.04,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"HLP Peaking","Internal Co","01/01/62","01/01/62",4400,4400,283,0,1552200,0,1503,711956,713459,162,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Doc Bonin","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/77",331500,276000,14682,26,772281,302436,6849008,50156340,57307784,173,1732453,190840,21238385,0,398587,0,0,563223,268406,0,110983,25741,202633,459320,729180,24187298,31319,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8285542,1055,2.47,2.47,2.34,0.02,11586,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Curtis A. Rodemacherи","Steam","01/01/51","01/01/60",33700,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.2","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/95",90500,52000,3484,8,143171,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1199515,1000000,1.94,1.94,1.94,0.02,857,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","INTERNAL CO","01/01/41","01/01/63",19280,13000,481,17,1411,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",10876,1000000,2.5,2.5,2.5,0.02,11409,"BARRELS",898,138500,21.33,21.33,3.67,0.04,11409 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","GAS TURBINE","01/01/71","01/01/71",16000,12600,1947,17,18870,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",210955,1000000,2.16,2.16,2.16,0.02,11179,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"YUMA AXIS (YUCCA)","STEAM/GAS T","01/01/59","01/01/59",97000,88000,8721,26,352808000,64181,2260883,23196343,25521407,263,0,379434,10637888,0,935878,0,0,640464,495843,0,99827,69611,406661,211055,674585,14551246,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4064674,1009,2.34,2.34,2.32,0.03,11.62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"BRAWLEY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/62","01/01/62",22500,0,0,0,0,5071,76410,2726341,2807822,125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1734,0,0,0,2153,82770,0,0,86657,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"ROCKWOOD","GAS TURBINE","01/01/77","01/01/80",49900,43000,449,3,8735400,3032,432127,10030106,10465265,210,0,48642,178668,0,0,0,0,31135,0,0,83679,478,0,196364,0,538966,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",120588,1009,2.77,2.77,2.75,0.03,13.81,"BBLS",309,139000,31.32,31.32,5.36,0.08,12.78 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"EC STEAM PLANT","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/93",236000,200000,14438,32,346976000,145322,8507545,92188450,100841317,427,0,435334,9038913,0,564914,0,0,928726,354013,0,378925,35949,1083557,364726,297164,13482221,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3854124,1009,2.73,2.73,2.7,0.03,11.2,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"COACHELLA PLANT","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/76",92600,79900,484,3,8735400,0,660201,8509765,9169966,99,0,0,384991,0,0,0,0,16129,0,0,0,0,0,221825,0,622945,71,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",133342,1009,2.68,2.68,2.65,0.07,15.4,"BBLS",161,139000,19.82,19.82,3.4,0.03,15.49 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station H","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",43900,35000,768,0,9679000,0,264494,7881342,8145836,186,3650000,0,418654,0,0,0,0,259,6023,0,1558,1922,0,40063,6460,474939,49,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",165620,1006,2.52,2.52,2.5,4.32,17250,"barrel",70,137380,0,22.9,3.97,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station I","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",39200,20000,84,0,913000,0,302177,5529062,5831239,149,1900000,0,60551,0,0,0,0,165,6970,0,5781,13239,0,25841,31762,144309,158,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",2704,137380,19.9,22.39,3.88,6.63,17087 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station J","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/69",36000,25000,236,0,2002000,0,0,7805061,7805061,217,0,0,125702,0,0,0,0,222,1531,0,871,4113,0,24419,8730,165588,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",6516,137380,19.17,19.29,3.34,6.28,18779 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Missouri City","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/55",46000,39000,1671,4,15124000,35409,3991334,17761788,21788531,474,0,7082,502886,0,176489,0,0,179516,70526,0,12705,8751,225619,212687,60099,1456360,96,"tons",12047,11335,30.77,38.88,1.72,3.33,18669,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",1600,137380,20.32,22.13,3.83,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley Steam","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/65",115000,84320,13965,66,241792052,334550,7113970,51575531,59024051,513,0,419819,4808525,0,524873,0,0,530126,996421,0,397024,47705,1359676,212400,446582,9743151,40,"tons",141859,10419,27.47,28,1.34,1.99,13563,"Mcf",318933,1007,2.6,2.6,2.58,0,0,"barrel",381,137380,19.7,29.02,5.03,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley RCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",61000,0,0,0,-34900,0,79423,9483847,9563270,157,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6781,13176,0,85297,2666,107920,-3092,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",0,0,19.7,0,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Anderson","Combustion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,677,1,16207699,338303,2059957,27858215,30256475,391,24719,109921,852328,0,0,0,0,-99533,0,0,0,0,0,35406,0,898122,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",221255,1008,3.76,3.76,0,0.03,13866,"Barrels",913,135000,0,21.44,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Richmond","Combistion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,672,2,16681301,285908,1897137,27678416,29861461,386,24719,109412,777649,0,0,0,0,63041,0,0,0,0,0,113291,0,1063393,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",205930,1008,3.25,3.25,0,0.03,13826,"Barrels",4618,135000,0,22.83,0,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"St. Johns River Powr","Steam","01/01/87","01/01/88",1359200,1254800,16230,379,9769075000,8261567,216790382,1265014325,1490066274,1096,3558053,1278911,141047857,0,5601281,0,0,1074855,5428044,46697,1187268,2385486,20285812,4095589,1403840,183835640,19,"Ton",3747220,12457,34.89,34.89,1.42,0.02,9594,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",63214,139174,0,21.47,2.12,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Southside Station","Steam","01/01/50","01/01/64",231600,212500,10904,10,554635000,260352,9143119,32049310,41452781,179,1629842,271851,15520408,0,1599580,0,0,0,206567,0,326718,25186,630482,191705,280057,19052554,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2507368,1060,0,2.34,3.06,0.03,11179,"Bbl",557864,151168,0,15.84,3.06,0.03,11179 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/77",1158700,770000,15844,253,3351845000,2786108,56942751,225240754,284969613,246,33142204,2784678,74049151,0,5992982,0,0,44719,4602152,0,1374517,505398,7585701,1471833,857253,99268384,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",8655547,1061,0,2.25,2.88,0.02,10216,"Bbl",3945407,150694,0,13.69,2.88,0.02,10216 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/75",248400,133600,1573,0,37400000,0,13725,30470646,30484371,123,788220,0,2222304,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2222304,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",106276,141886,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,16933 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/69",149600,99000,5097,10,347132000,1512681,17018214,28634062,47164957,315,401104,268512,9068081,0,772026,0,0,0,215330,0,64213,51497,330526,641660,660280,12072125,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",391837,1061,0,2.34,2.97,0.02,11107,"Bbl",540582,151503,0,14.74,2.97,0.02,11107 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/78",168600,154000,1125,0,42180000,0,1327436,21421124,22748560,135,25091556,0,2490159,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490159,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",112392,139127,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,15570 "Jamestown City of",9645,1999,"Samuel A. Carlson","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/68",57700,49026,8760,35,150393293,431201,4905918,44660838,49997957,867,0,307142,3248587,0,767918,0,0,67674,0,0,323990,45918,307513,223184,92412,5384338,36,"Tons",90599,12698,32.64,32.62,1.3,0.02,15.15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"NEARMAN","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,0,6232,0,1163529000,1149455,33440175,132136477,166726107,709,0,2403060,10767308,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4927543,0,0,0,0,18097911,16,"Tons",816559,11608,0,13.63,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",337856,0,0,0.53,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"QUINDARO","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/77",121100,0,848,0,37328000,0,0,12878040,12878040,106,0,0,2472937,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,154961,0,0,0,0,2627898,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",82098,0,0,2.67,0,0,0,"Gallons",3996910,10968,0,0.56,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Kaw","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/62",144000,0,735,0,52780000,226366,10485751,61538861,72250978,502,0,1219250,2547603,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,120227,0,0,0,0,3887080,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",768569,14616,0,2.89,0,0,0,"Gallons",2470,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Quindaro","STEAM","01/01/66","01/01/71",232000,0,7553,0,432609000,318548,21469578,113626934,135415060,584,0,4220013,12201830,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6446514,0,0,0,0,22868357,53,"Tons",257094,10922,0,18.02,0,0,0,"MCF",136450,0,0,2.53,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Gas-Turbine","Gas-Turbine","01/01/69","01/01/69",20000,20000,0,0,1633000,27532,147667,1773210,1948409,97,0,6258,0,0,0,0,0,5950,179,0,5243,0,0,25424,859,43913,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Diesel","Internal Co","01/01/66","01/01/66",6000,6000,0,1,2547740,0,0,750737,750737,125,0,1797,0,0,0,0,0,17685,70,0,1675,0,0,119575,865,141667,56,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kennett City of",10152,1999,,,"01/01/42","01/01/75",31906,0,0,11,1634000,22309,787483,6445027,7254819,227,0,388548,59743,0,0,0,0,90225,0,0,0,0,0,71100,0,609616,373,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","STOCK ISLAN","01/01/65","01/01/65",6000,1830,504,3,787200,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1537,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12420 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"BIG PINE & CUDJOE KE","PEAKING DIE","01/01/66","01/01/66",7800,6000,1241,3,1626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",3240,147619,25.24,22.91,3.69,0.04,12353 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,170,3,6338385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19072,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,18656 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,312,3,4201594,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12081,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.06,17828 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","MEDIUM SPEE","01/01/92","01/01/92",19200,17400,1348,4,7680400,725946,2129491,33095400,35950837,1872,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",15168,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12245 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSION T","01/01/78","01/01/78",23450,20000,338,3,3341400,102063,3836252,41439758,45378073,1935,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",10618,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,19703 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/94","01/01/95",40000,40500,959,0,14625850,2178026,8322640,16405426,26906092,673,0,155794,616975,0,21370,0,0,0,47552,0,0,82207,42233,3552,0,969683,66,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 2","Combined Cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",120000,120900,8016,0,410918450,0,18118934,33576386,51695320,431,0,574702,9819459,0,1048989,0,0,0,317852,44,602,7445,273743,228456,0,12271292,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 8-20","Internal Co","01/01/59","01/01/80",18350,17800,1896,7,2753500,83022,1284485,18177017,19544524,1065,0,0,60138,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,60138,22,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 21-23","Combined Cy","01/01/83","01/01/83",55000,52300,3391,23,48803800,188985,8733288,12117381,21039654,383,1360859,467366,1917038,0,669123,0,0,0,263562,0,0,9168,294075,290,407232,4027854,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",30000,0,0,0,9028400,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",34000,0,10495,35,57950539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Internal Co","01/01/65","01/01/65",10000,0,1433,0,2538120,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Steam","01/01/71",,404000,382000,7228,201,1839190600,1885069,31460078,296239998,329585145,816,8226431,522705,41752998,0,2155417,0,0,1371320,950229,0,705662,501402,5163353,1063922,1302923,55489931,30,"Tons",500198,12850,43.47,43.81,0,0,0,"MCF",5551769,953000,2.45,2.45,0,0,0,"BBLS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Internal Co","01/01/70","1/1/1970",5500,5500,344,0,892340,0,0,1320630,1320630,240,0,0,34735,0,0,0,0,9947,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,44682,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBLS",1518,138953,25.45,22.89,3.92,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","1/1/1973",20200,20000,284,0,22266010,0,0,4357281,4357281,216,21292755,0,764571,0,0,0,0,494377,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1258948,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",67719,953000,2.51,2.51,2.39,0,0,"BBLS",927,138953,25.45,23.77,4.07,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1966",70000,87000,3471,7,109781131,18222,3205076,39859999,43083297,615,1568340,-458515,4264086,0,661973,0,0,352157,157768,0,224398,35362,686445,74964,71417,6070055,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1067068,953000,2.52,2.52,2.4,0,0,"BBLS",62536,149341,15.9,15.4,2.46,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","GasTurbine","01/01/62","1/1/1992",141000,144000,5825,39,519222486,10000,355941,47760931,48126872,341,1320675,0,14688881,0,0,0,0,57111,49377,0,75387,135332,474794,0,18035,15498917,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4954465,953000,2.5,2.5,2.38,0,0,"BBLS",778,138657,18.94,23.73,4.07,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Erickson","Steam","01/01/73","01/01/73",154716,155993,7562,28,902816777,503834,8008408,37441310,45953552,297,9431143,598448,15649944,0,1139751,0,0,375627,144309,0,521787,398880,1081673,289370,373441,20573230,23,"Tons",359532,12604,40.78,41.97,1.66,0.02,10054,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",2451,137028,18.35,17.87,3.1,0.03,10213 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Ottawa","Steam","01/01/38","01/01/54",2500,0,0,0,0,608570,3547880,114658,4271108,1708,1064667,0,0,0,43886,0,0,0,127,0,0,16474,0,0,716,61203,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Eckert","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",375000,313553,8760,81,1359307426,17065,20619486,113409313,134045864,357,7390092,1095136,26848959,0,3418600,303612,0,443302,132055,0,712432,787553,4216929,2271054,978202,40742496,30,"tons",809048,10575,30.23,30.51,1.51,0.02,12067,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12900,138067,18.25,18.61,3.21,0.03,9035 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Laramie River","Steam","01/01/80",,183000,0,0,0,1368728000,948685,27384698,112496736,140830119,770,162367,402737,7659439,0,0,0,0,2448015,0,0,0,0,3077883,0,0,13588074,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","1/1/1997",95400,85000,472,10,27550000,292531,1645078,27003893,28941502,303,4175680,124454,675616,0,0,0,0,179579,0,0,6681,10203,0,200778,21818,1219129,44,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",338164,996,2.05,2.05,2.05,0.03,12591,"BBLS",1980,137799,0,22.26,3.78,0.06,14724 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"8th & J","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",27000,31000,81,10,1838000,77662,98128,4865007,5040797,187,164554,41168,79431,0,0,0,0,43462,0,0,1750,5169,0,55828,0,226808,123,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",29571,989,2.75,2.75,2.79,0.04,16104,"BBLS",67,128691,0,22.26,3.78,0.07,17830 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby #1","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",72400,71000,64,10,2311000,95118,1918857,8492052,10506027,145,175405,74672,114678,0,0,0,0,94085,0,0,40687,67514,0,1328510,21818,1741964,754,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",32475,994,2.33,2.33,2.34,0.03,14499,"BBLS",293,137799,19.45,22.23,3.77,0.08,20315 "Littleton Town of",11085,1999,"NEW HAVEN HARBOR",".225% JOINT",,,0,0,0,0,1732502,0,0,0,0,0,0,90,51512,0,948,0,0,0,0,0,2392,0,0,0,0,54942,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/64",38500,0,8760,22,162228320,109642,1405355,19237386,20752383,539,0,190031,3821848,0,128670,0,0,36753,919428,0,140403,20089,563819,408835,480785,6710661,41,90397,92870,11500,41.15,41.15,2.13,0.02,13.17,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Oil/Gas","01/01/69","01/01/69",17500,0,0,0,577170,0,1025207,0,1025207,59,0,0,42618,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,42618,74,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"VALLEY","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/56",545600,337000,0,7,27314000,926527,25439704,84246953,110613184,203,3500000,60235,13221495,0,55929,0,0,0,442925,0,11284,70392,77493,61823,114689,14116265,517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",404724,1,3,3,2.96,37.96,12816,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","CONBINED ST","01/01/94","01/01/94",229000,558000,2259,41,524137000,1740059,87786094,289957234,379483387,1657,8879733,276214,3330349,0,62330,0,0,0,1084424,0,580563,202658,212797,374547,185390,6309272,12,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",4522291,1,3,3,2.96,25.77,8701,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/72",38000,36000,48,0,850000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HAYNES","STEAM","01/01/62","01/01/67",1608000,1489000,8015,123,2113574000,933038,37791521,306054386,344778945,214,1741576,1052843,50891914,0,3057224,0,0,1792056,5017847,0,939570,1424717,3202792,2787404,1583937,71750304,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",22709425,1,3,3,2.96,32.1,10839,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"SCATTERGOOD","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/74",823200,835000,8758,91,1679449000,515557,47288037,164431480,212235074,258,46903,1404338,66439099,0,1408691,0,0,0,3756004,0,214277,727252,3701955,1608703,1273919,80534238,48,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",15638964,1,3,3,2.96,28.3,9556,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Ferguson",,"01/01/74","01/01/74",446000000,0,0,0,1378410000,931823,26158508,42319502,69409833,0,0,347319,29342167,0,137242,0,0,734629,899018,0,332791,702887,413738,469747,33658,33413196,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",14169320,1013,2.06,2.06,2.03,0.02,10552,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Fayette","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/88",1690000000,0,0,0,1.1015857e+10,13591047,103023934,837863878,954478859,1,0,2157811,109413990,0,3840257,0,0,2391848,4494846,0,2014006,1954362,4931568,1961033,403807,133563528,12,"TONS",6553001,8409,16.17,16.17,0.96,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19258,141000,14.25,14.25,2.4,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Sim Gideon","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/69",623000000,0,0,0,2101292000,458719,20455136,65676320,86590175,0,0,482445,43723684,0,794924,0,0,891660,1130940,0,200902,1092136,961820,567117,75540,49921168,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20136681,1095,2.1,2.1,1.91,0.02,10495,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/58",72000,51000,5256,6,20565500,6000,300000,13000000,13306000,185,0,105299,1101550,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26625,6656,0,33282,0,1273412,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",382836,1025,2.88,2.88,2.81,0.05,19081,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"BRANDON","GAS TURBINE","01/01/90","01/01/90",20000,21000,8760,8,139296480,0,1000000,15500000,16500000,825,0,233999,3337924,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,59168,14792,0,73959,0,3719842,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1543387,1018,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.02,11279,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/64","01/01/74",52500,45000,4818,3,21967922,10000,300000,5300000,5610000,107,0,11700,962730,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2958,740,0,3698,0,981826,45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",384439,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.04,18200,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/65","01/01/78",98000,102000,8760,32,323909370,62000,1000000,21000000,22062000,225,0,818996,9820907,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,207086,51772,0,258858,0,11157619,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3921699,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.03,12592,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Gas-Turbine","01/01/99","01/01/99",25000,0,214,0,3613,290255,201403,6104428,6596086,264,0,0,264472,0,0,0,0,30590,0,0,0,0,0,41325,0,336387,93105,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",51,1000,0.41,0.41,4.17,0.07,0,"Barrels",2438,141200,20.88,20.88,3.52,0.07,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/91",79000,107500,8760,39,249415,211671,5013787,36586533,41811991,529,0,138503,5701868,0,541602,0,0,470467,759564,704,62857,42576,1443126,445568,10944,9617779,38561,"Tons",163852,11080,40.02,40.02,1.81,0.02,0,"MCF",2,1000,0.71,0.71,7.13,0.02,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/85",10500,0,207,0,2140,0,352901,5986839,6339740,604,0,6091,84690,0,0,0,0,49736,0,0,0,0,0,58906,0,199423,93188,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8,1000,0.62,0.62,0.62,0.03,0,"Barrels",1570,141200,22.77,22.77,3.84,0.03,0 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"Shiras Steam Plant","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/83",77358,52900,24,40,263218000,951797,8431629,56045965,65429391,846,41203,67627,4986648,0,777004,0,0,293702,159196,0,54712,51526,724902,292519,10515,7418351,28,"Tons",181283,9554,21.46,22.7,1.19,0.02,13173,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",582,138200,20.58,26.46,4.56,0.02,13173 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"#4 Plant","Gas-Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",23000,24700,1,0,5060000,0,300285,4190798,4491083,195,0,4733,283345,0,0,0,0,17195,3952,0,4867,6844,0,27249,40,348225,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",13164,138200,21.37,23.67,3.68,0.06,15100 "Marshall City of",11732,1999,"Mrshll","Stem/Intern","01/01/36","01/01/94",57000,43,24,56,48751000,313299,4219564,22221117,26753980,469,395259,452378,1560029,0,0,0,0,0,349846,0,37339,40097,532898,65835,0,3038422,62,26848,11000,32,0,0,0,0,0,190844,140000,2,0,0,0,0,0,755,10000,24.17,0,0,0,0,0 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Intermedil","Combined Cy","01/01/81","01/01/81",360000,352000,12276,33,780857100,1222270,29736068,116789790,147748128,410,161005,341244,19982046,0,0,0,0,1295017,0,0,217695,109254,0,4801314,0,26746570,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",5422522,1025,2.75,2.75,2.68,0,0,"barrel",265482,138500,21.33,19.11,3.28,0.01,9096 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Peaking","Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",170000,170000,620,33,40304600,457327,10488903,45433687,56379917,332,41438,85682,1683238,0,0,0,0,251375,0,0,16235,17343,0,119640,0,2173513,54,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",86543,138500,21.33,19.45,3.34,0.04,12490 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Power Plant 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/98","01/01/98",115600,92000,851,5,32881000,95000,0,25388890,25483890,220,483472,16336,1488284,0,0,0,0,2781,65038,0,8158,7240,0,77867,59525,1725229,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",454570,1012,3.19,3.19,3.16,4.5,14233,"bbl",1154,129200,0.39,0.39,3.06,3.42,11185 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",56,51000,90,5,2234000,0,0,5867669,5867669,104780,0,16153,125470,0,0,0,0,120168,30978,0,8157,0,0,109601,61288,471815,211,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",5874,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,5.64,14268 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",57,50000,416,5,11756000,0,0,8189960,8189960,143684,0,16153,502404,0,0,0,0,120168,30977,0,8158,0,0,125268,61288,864416,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",167915,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.78,14473,"bbl",63,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,9,22782 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Plant 2","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",27200,25000,1054,5,13725000,103203,908048,4415135,5426386,199,42,16153,666001,0,3889,0,0,120168,30978,0,8158,22083,74263,39108,61287,1042088,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",173245,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.21,12774,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56400,52000,289,5,10349000,0,0,5796442,5796442,103,0,16153,444620,0,0,0,0,120169,30977,0,8158,0,0,41682,61288,723047,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",142295,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.6,13948,"bbl",74,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,6.37,16124 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Mc Clure","Gas Turbine","01/01/80","01/01/81",142400,114000,458,3,17013650,41196,671200,22702649,23415045,164,0,39428,921989,0,0,0,0,64862,0,0,93204,0,0,143571,0,1263054,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",184791,1,2.85,2.85,2.79,0.04,14761.28,"BBl",9827,139269,36.12,36.12,0,0.09,15255.06 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Woodland","Gas Turbine","01/01/93","01/01/93",56000,50400,3047,11,112459100,734117,28375,53064895,53827387,961,0,276493,3266313,0,0,0,0,513943,0,0,1528,0,0,410220,0,4468497,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1012876,1,3.02,3.02,2.96,0.03,9186.75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Menasha City of",12298,1999,"Menasha","Steam","01/01/49","01/01/64",23400,19595,2037,14,13992,6795,1217617,5289233,6513645,278,20649,40246,27120,0,79885,0,0,60710,95780,0,0,31581,159677,52699,457,548155,39176,"TONS",6898,13928,56.5,56.5,2.02,0.03,15599,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan South Central Pwr Agy",12807,1999,"ENDICOTT","STEAM",,,60000,60000,7000,52,254166000,1446080,18162501,58822650,78431231,1307,914746,337766,5265494,0,924558,0,35080,360832,450758,0,195457,66358,661707,192331,74782,8565123,34,"TONS",137701,12027,37.16,36.29,1.51,0.01,12748,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Moorhead City of",12894,1999,"Mhd Power Plant","gas turbine","01/01/61","01/01/61",10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Morgan City City of",12927,1999,"Joe Cefalu Plant","Steam","01/01/62","01/01/73",70000,40000,0,14,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Muscatine City of",13143,1999,"MUSCATINE","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/83",275500,149900,16238,134,1301983501,784560,72060043,213242536,286087139,1038,28455966,817203,14751640,0,1679994,0,0,663199,1356159,0,672523,554305,2370831,1148168,1101042,25115064,19,"TONS",877820,8297,12.88,13.05,0.79,0.01,11188,"MCF",283208,10200,3.26,3.26,3.18,0,0,"BARRELS",610,138500,30.04,21.9,3.77,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hallam Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,60000,258,0,10894000,0,229583,4830489,5060072,89,0,0,440985,0,0,0,0,60635,0,0,0,89639,0,94772,13125,699156,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Canaday","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/58",108800,121200,2001,14,85089000,0,9403261,329722,9732983,89,328840,152096,2125397,0,407076,0,0,27245,201168,0,32073,131835,231925,109745,195984,3614544,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Gerald Gentleman Sta(","Steam","01/01/78","/ /",1362600,1254000,8657,192,8027362000,3015802,318185462,344602325,665803589,489,19495116,1045932,44726329,0,1955325,0,0,1668527,2934342,193314,448908,877355,10569506,3498868,1294889,69213295,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"McCook Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,56000,60,0,211000,0,194256,4595530,4789786,84,0,0,81476,0,0,0,0,25734,0,0,0,2300,0,73703,18199,201412,955,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hebron Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,57000,75,0,854000,0,301381,5462494,5763875,102,0,0,181334,0,0,0,0,26759,0,0,0,1630,0,58749,11328,279800,328,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Cooper Nuclear Stat.(","Nuclear","01/01/74","01/01/74",835550,783000,8563,726,6510414600,1028504,187460511,519340650,707829665,847,2508133,8619618,38176410,69343,4859991,0,0,93589,58078357,0,1807073,518308,3317219,1964536,2016373,119520817,18,,20216418,0,0,5.67,53.53,0,10598,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Sheldon Station","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/65",228650,220000,8701,78,1347971000,1843119,10754821,79036432,91634372,401,5634223,590917,10462420,0,930249,0,0,633786,1478748,0,168336,7310,2160302,1295964,920587,18648619,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 3 & 4 & 6","Steam Gener","01/01/02","01/01/64",27000,44000,24,21,16916000,0,3055780,9310761,12366541,458,473090,425178,467864,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,31350,152102,138437,0,1214931,72,"tons",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",16576,1000,2.82,2.82,2.82,0.03,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 5","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","01/01/75",24000,24000,24,21,2041000,0,0,2465211,2465211,103,0,22377,91296,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1650,0,14351,0,129674,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",4657,140000,26.02,19.6,3.36,0.05,13500 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,326,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,336,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,837000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10872000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.71,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1174000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14340000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,874000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10909000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.7,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1221000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14387000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Brunswick","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/77",318000,1696,8584,784,2400008776,617000,94117000,339616000,434350000,1366,297000,666000,11776000,401000,2353000,0,0,533000,9457000,0,1849000,3278000,1064000,298000,1353000,33028000,14,"MW Days",308602,3413000,0,38.16,0.47,0,10533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Harris","Nuclear","01/01/87","01/01/87",154000,905,8485,491,1171376626,10260000,369018000,452494000,831772000,5401,118000,675000,5246000,252000,1018000,0,0,337000,4827000,0,1102000,634000,445000,182000,302000,15020000,13,"MW Days",156551,3413000,0,33.51,0.41,0,10947,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Oklahoma Municipal Power Auth",14077,1999,"PCRP","Combined cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",60000,60000,0,0,138484081,0,11344757,29655189,40999946,683,0,598783,2955212,0,0,0,0,253386,0,0,44427,0,0,105374,0,3957182,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1392824,1040,2.17,0,2.14,0.02,10460,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"FORT CALHOUN","NUCLEAR","01/01/73","01/01/73",502000,492000,7785,634,3580681000,1072930277,146516232,296914274,442618959,882,0,4971003,23034948,164893,24110476,0,0,-21786,44474249,3358,250883,11195901,6710538,736065,-37917,115592611,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GRAMS",315984,120828860,0,72.9,60.33,6.42,10650.7,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"SARPY COUNTY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/96",216405,248000,8271,0,55696000,23490,2151281,52951321,55126092,255,0,54073,2103596,0,0,0,0,0,404211,0,3965,2988,0,310603,72329,2951765,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",707344,823,2.46,2.46,2.49,0.04,12745,"BARRELS",3829,138176,17.91,17.91,1.41,0.01,8647 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"JONES STREET","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/74",116000,129400,8332,0,4369000,0,240081,9753334,9993415,86,0,6331,293819,0,0,0,0,0,47413,0,6227,3925,0,20535,134815,513065,117,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13267,138176,13.48,13.48,2.32,0.04,9604 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NEBRASKA CITY","STEAM","01/01/79","01/01/79",565000,631500,7500,0,4036035000,-2006108,95061544,382545074,475600510,842,0,779178,25569961,0,1719974,0,0,633248,6781672,0,412434,994984,3789696,1154076,1789468,43624691,11,"TONS",2500212,8357,9.58,9.58,0.57,0,9500,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",9924,138281,20.11,20.11,3.46,0,9493 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NORTH OMAHA","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/68",644700,664700,7628,0,3047689000,903939,34352799,194479388,229736126,356,0,473699,25644165,0,1556034,0,0,1205626,5794175,56855,619731,1383677,5536481,4204373,2068776,48543592,16,"TONS",1996018,8393,11.99,11.99,0.71,0,11245,"MCF",706934,988,3.06,3.06,5.95,0,11266,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Orrville City of",14194,1999,,"Steam","01/01/16","01/01/71",84,57,8760,65,330508,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"ton",195800,11500,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",6100,1000,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Steam","01/01/24","01/01/69",26000,0,0,0,0,139199,957861,5646398,6743458,259,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",19000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1935528,1935528,102,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Plant 1","Steam","01/01/39","01/01/50",52500,0,0,0,0,0,2061142,4570567,6631709,126,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9106,0,0,0,0,760,9866,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Elmer Smith","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/74",415000,183200,8569,99,2600771,835345,8832392,209611123,219278860,528,801542,250280,29285825,0,1422865,0,0,496091,498805,0,465966,39935,4297784,658819,98181,37514551,14424,"Tons",1247843,10825,20.49,20.56,0.95,0.01,10197,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Painesville City of",14381,1999,"ELECTRIC PLANT","STEAM",,"01/01/88",53500,46000,8760,66,154647000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",92400,12517,0,33.22,1.33,0,0,"MCF",21300,1000,0,4.41,4.41,0,0,"BARRELS",47,138000,0,14.36,2.48,0,0 "Paragould Light & Water Comm",14446,1999,"Jones Road","Gas turbine","01/01/90",,16,14,415,1,400000,0,8093740,0,8093740,505859,0,0,166593,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,45047,0,211640,529,"mmbtu",91074,0,0,1.83,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Broadway Steam Plantф",,"01/01/54","01/01/65",183000,183000,0,25,179950000,489703,3194316,50159075,53843094,294,0,387760,8839709,0,555006,0,0,988783,11216,228337,138986,37842,440585,136394,7625,11772243,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2295070,1019,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,13290,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Glenarm Gas Turbine","Included in","01/01/06","01/01/76",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",59150,1,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,16342,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Peabody City of",14605,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/91",65900,65900,8760,5,11639468,177260,0,22101467,22278727,338,0,22746,409579,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,176643,0,608968,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",143226,1,3.05,2.96,2.89,0.03,13227,"BBLS",1239,134127,22.14,22.89,4.06,0.05,12185 "Peru City of",14839,1999,"Peru","Steam","01/01/03","01/01/59",34500,35563,1585,13,12600568,5739,1706469,9574492,11286700,327,325600,0,442012,0,172164,0,0,119874,37861,0,0,14278,126165,22675,0,935029,74,"Tons",7915,12797,47.4,47.33,1.85,0.03,16076,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",221,140000,26.47,24.56,4.18,0,103.08 "Piqua City of",15095,1999,"City of Piqua","Steam & Gas","01/01/32","01/01/89",81113,0,159,39,2138000,21863555,0,0,21863555,270,4196219,76685,242280,0,19742,0,0,231157,56432,0,61697,67457,9593,91301,0,856344,401,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",10878,144000,25.3,25.3,4.3,0.09,23092 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Craig Station","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",154000,0,0,0,1205402000,60113,33649805,110581113,144291031,937,947978,194976,12128811,0,1172233,0,0,260695,1245083,7283,237766,121071,814536,181154,912508,17276116,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Rawhide","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",270000,270000,8668,86,2119444000,1977213,176729012,277169671,455875896,1688,1471951,1258343,14119301,0,2361900,0,0,4034357,686346,1872,639188,491650,2599323,371255,1094312,27657847,13,"Ton",1294255,8825,10.4,10.4,0.6,0.01,10.78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",54089,138,0.78,0.78,5.63,0,3.5 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"C.M. POLETTI","Steam","01/01/77","01/01/77",883000000,831000000,6386000,122000,1826391000,730000,72140000,359400000,432270000,0,10329000,561000,60034000,0,0,0,0,668000,7300000,0,826000,377000,2299000,2700000,411000,75176000,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",10932333,1031,2.95,3.39,3.29,31.61,10284,"BBLS",1348181,148399,15.78,17.33,2.78,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"R.M. FLYNN","GT/Steam-Co","01/01/94","01/01/94",164000000,159000000,7280000,27000,9.96144e+11,0,7238000,129266000,136504000,1,1136000,88000,43602000,0,0,0,0,93000,1585000,0,0,137000,469000,3225000,39000,49238000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",7095707,1012,4.39,5.62,5.55,42.59,7774,"BBLS",120516,141470,19.98,32.3,4.68,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,,,"/ /","/ /",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"JAF","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/75",883000000,848000000,8204000,757000,6.567395e+12,805000,166067000,568085000,734957000,1,13913000,23876000,38317000,0,487000,0,0,54000,32618000,0,5766000,184000,4261000,5843000,3143000,114549000,0,"GMU 235",0,82,0,0,0,5.17,0,"Equivalent",842735,0,0,40.32,0.49,0,10508,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"IP3","Nuclear","01/01/76","01/01/76",1013000000,1031000000,7662000,828000,7.26917e+12,747000,206897000,755257000,962901000,1,17924000,29680000,39545000,0,11264000,0,0,0,36622000,0,1577000,2648000,15765000,11868000,29759000,178728000,0,"GMU235",0,82,0,0,0,4.76,0,"Equivalent",937453,0,0,36.9,0.45,0,10560,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Rantoul Village of",15686,1999,"Rantoul Light & Powep ","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/67",18132,38,100,3,16000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11984,0,0,0,0,211546,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,223530,13971,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",19070,10500,0.62,0.62,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP TURBINE","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",35000,28000,6321,12,173569000,0,1455178,24161379,25616557,732,0,640027,4274368,0,0,0,0,392603,0,0,0,341,0,1449579,0,6756918,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",1545973,1040,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP HRSG","HRSG","01/01/88","01/01/88",8500,7000,2327,2,30042000,0,0,2731920,2731920,321,0,93944,742496,0,115993,0,0,17882,0,0,0,59,0,247253,0,1217627,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",268549,1049,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8939,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Steam","01/01/89","01/01/94",28000,28900,1977,16,18060300,602377,15385522,117247,16105146,575,0,1320,443065,0,117993,0,0,77221,568426,0,70690,2368,53194,57222,0,1391499,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",287348,1027,1.54,1.54,1.45,0.03,16610,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",65680,27400,854,16,18037300,1807131,0,59683477,61490608,936,0,97874,621818,0,0,0,0,25071,0,0,24410,0,0,321071,0,1090244,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",216279,1027,2.53,2.53,2.18,0.02,15570,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Richmond City of",15989,1999,"WWVS","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/72",97700,173080,0,40,627786010,80644,2830371,31698586,34609601,354,0,465409,11078167,0,452274,0,0,404016,348230,0,104865,43599,701670,259774,21756,13879760,22,"Tons",308831,11699,29.73,30.79,1.45,0.01,11517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",708,138000,0.46,0.46,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"Caron Rd Steam Plant(","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",11000,0,13,0,62,0,0,11112324,11112324,1010,0,0,15556,0,134143,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,193715,0,343414,5538935,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"2nd Ave Diesel Plant(","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/89",24000,7500,900,8,990,0,0,6076110,6076110,253,0,0,130511,0,520866,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,301469,0,952846,962471,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"SILVER LAKE","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/69",98400,99962,6002,48,206169300,467713,5967620,20459364,26894697,273,0,105471,4663327,0,733957,0,0,427195,653639,0,121158,91168,610473,166756,202286,7775430,38,"Tons",105624,11800,35.06,34.95,1.48,0,0,"Mcf",116790,1022,2.87,2.87,2.81,0.02,12548,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"CASCADE CREEK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/75",35000,31412,214,0,975100,0,0,2553775,2553775,73,0,5098,155418,0,0,0,0,0,2538,0,712,425,0,13749,25610,203550,209,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",6593,140546,25.25,22.87,3.87,0.16,31067 "Ruston City of",16463,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,158085,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,1024,2014,0,0,0,12204,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",16534,1999,"McClellanј","Ga","01/01/86","01/01/86",49999,0,0,3,7166000,0,2636791,21642932,24279723,486,280011,128813,308700,0,0,0,0,93215,0,0,46694,4591,0,454373,0,1036386,145,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MC",90473,0,3.39,3.39,3.28,0.04,0,"Diesel/gal",1254,0,1.43,1.43,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Total All Plants",,,,4515000,0,0,345,1.74570025e+10,12977200,1115386160,2245397416,3373760776,747,46882000,12160268,206856386,1142440,9404554,374590,0,6237186,12301280,6685,9401271,2767009,20299658,10510426,3154574,294616327,17,"Tons",5220135,8563,16.23,16.23,0.95,9.82,10370,"MCF",37334239,1010,2.64,2.64,2.62,28.78,10988,"Barrels",12309,139887,18.78,18.78,3.2,32.97,10315 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J K Spruce","Steam","1/1/1992","1/1/1992",555000,546000,6546,82,3480720800,0,65252301,515684631,580936932,1047,23719,571470,31109011,0,1807766,51663,0,193515,960889,0,759790,205041,2649188,748621,211926,39268880,11,"Tons",1949398,8860,15.91,15.91,1.01,8.91,9857,"MCF",38851,1008,2.27,2.27,2.25,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Mission Road","Steam","1/1/1909","1/1/1958",100000,96000,436,4,5787800,24329,2488463,10241714,12754506,128,128349,114144,487728,0,158813,0,0,102150,168983,0,21233,17234,339856,83899,40097,1534137,265,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",134106,1013,3.64,3.64,3.59,84.27,14024,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Leon Creek","Steam","1/1/1949","1/1/1959",160000,171000,676,4,16974100,44831,2782361,17503846,20331038,127,157506,125267,942872,0,184569,0,0,128819,161398,0,28472,58566,543819,190400,43539,2407721,142,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258204,1002,3.65,3.65,3.64,55.55,12533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"O W Sommers","Steam","1/1/1972","1/1/1974",880000,846000,7232,55,2199508300,5854171,33295035,79674715,118823921,135,395537,545083,59562142,0,1025490,87705,0,302727,706288,0,702876,370388,615434,259192,190180,64367505,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",23626870,1009,2.54,2.54,2.51,27.24,10444,"Barrels",5652,140932,19.35,19.35,3.27,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J T Deely","Steam","1/1/1977","1/1/1978",830000,854000,8760,90,5149460300,0,30290474,285476722,315767196,380,12595000,638478,53085711,0,1562761,85357,0,320680,966629,0,838807,331106,3399637,799226,238550,62266942,12,"Tons",3270737,8389,16.42,16.42,0.98,10.43,10513,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5811,141351,18.29,18.29,3.08,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"South Texas Project","Nuclear","1/1/1988","1/1/1989",700000,708000,0,0,5399983000,5170385,957819101,1216165845,2179155331,3113,29619638,9121123,23744212,1142440,2798248,0,0,4436896,8134977,6685,6295439,1408553,10346770,6695513,2005195,76136051,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",56623147,0,0.42,0.42,0.42,4.4,10485,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"W B Tuttle","Steam","1/1/1954","1/1/1963",425000,351000,2570,25,83806100,116166,6081714,40803880,47001760,111,3029638,407804,3903164,0,659061,0,0,371008,270977,0,137334,47220,945777,460460,131033,7333838,88,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1126499,1007,3.47,3.47,3.44,46.57,11568,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"V H Brauning","Steam","1/1/1966","1/1/1970",865000,0,5631,85,1120762100,1767318,17376711,79846063,98990092,114,932613,636899,33301546,0,1207846,149865,0,381391,931139,0,617320,328901,1459177,1273115,294054,40581253,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",12149759,1011,2.74,2.74,2.71,29.7,10522,"Barrels",846,122847,18.29,18.29,3.55,0,0 "Seattle City of",16868,1999,"Centralia (8% share)","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",107200,32000,0,1,689802000,167213,4462081,22916331,27545625,257,0,186229,12042641,0,56382,0,0,0,1030435,2329,557,0,306392,38323,72862,13736150,20,"Tons",453199,7850,27.6,26.57,1.76,0.02,10315,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Shrewsbury Town of",17127,1999,"PEAKING","INTERNAL CO","01/01/69","01/01/78",13750,0,78,0,1082000,4737,38713,3032851,3076301,224,0,0,58499,0,0,0,0,45786,0,0,42833,0,0,0,0,147118,136,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"OIL",1983,138000,28.45,27.35,4.71,0.05,10622 "Sikeston City of",17177,1999,"SIKESTON POWER PLANT<","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,233000,8443,100,1773464000,2528654,38360820,167291312,208180786,886,3085679,204618,18720527,0,834479,0,0,232178,1031476,0,212026,97405,1771411,163729,1555715,24823564,14,"TONS",1085410,8260,16.81,16.81,1.02,0.01,10111,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",2150,141000,22.77,24.41,4.12,0,16.31 "PUD No 1 of Snohomish County",17470,1999,"Centralia Steam Plt","Steam",,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"WINYAH(1-4)","STEAM","01/01/75","01/01/81",1120000,1204000,31151,198,7364804000,2141000,80365000,380646000,463152000,414,12899000,1811000,102679000,0,2905000,0,0,1172000,4230000,0,835000,1709000,6368000,2320000,450000,124479000,17,"Tons",2805462,12906,35.38,36.6,1.42,1.39,9833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"CROSS(1-2)","STEAM","01/01/84","01/01/94",1147115,1190000,14859,156,7031840000,149000,105829000,824295000,930273000,811,8568000,612000,95992000,0,3621000,0,0,562000,3226000,0,331000,462000,7502000,2902000,585000,115795000,16,"Tons",2609876,12811,36.41,36.78,1.44,1.37,9510,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"INTERSTATE","NAT GAS/OIL","01/01/97","01/01/97",118000,114000,864,0,89431266,0,0,11583325,11583325,98,2178709,40002,2621094,0,91,0,0,0,0,0,38739,0,0,77237,0,2777163,31,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"DKTHRMS",1205210,100000,2.08,2.08,2.08,28.74,13806,"BARRELS",5093,138000,17.96,22.11,3.81,52.67,13806 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"FACTORY","OIL TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/73",23000,17000,155,0,3128000,0,29188,2322399,2351587,102,0,0,166375,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11905,0,178280,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",7959,138000,18.43,20.9,3.61,53.19,14747 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"REYNOLDS","OIL TURBINE","01/01/70","01/01/70",18000,14000,98,0,1502000,0,155353,2975996,3131349,174,0,0,89354,0,539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,13975,0,103868,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",4241,138000,19.02,21.07,3.64,59.49,16366 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"LAKESIDE","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/64",76000,66000,4842,0,191454930,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",119179,10437,24.15,22.89,1.1,13.33,12994,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",784,138000,20.26,20.76,3.58,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"DALLMAN","STEAM","01/01/68","01/01/78",441000,324000,8756,209,1931782345,2315629,22827681,167456590,192599900,437,2590219,1382828,24106633,0,7228992,0,0,0,0,224260,1367568,1520197,3381012,3887022,2944868,46043380,24,"TONS",947286,10415,24.07,22.37,1.07,11.37,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",8185,138000,18.13,20.92,3.61,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River Gas Turb¬ ","Gas Turbine","01/01/89","01/01/92",150000,162000,1707,2,112871000,0,0,38867000,38867000,259,0,0,3686000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5000,0,185000,0,3876000,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1413185,1005,2.58,2.58,2.56,32.66,12708,"Barrels",1933,138200,17.18,20.23,3.49,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest Gas Turbin","Gas Turbine","01/01/83","01/01/83",88000,114000,740,2,33605000,0,77000,13480000,13557000,154,0,0,1234000,0,0,0,0,4000,0,0,0,0,0,160000,0,1398000,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",467515,1005,2.6,2.6,2.59,36.7,14123,"Barrels",814,138200,17.21,19.54,3.37,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Main Avenue","Gas Turbine","01/01/68","01/01/68",12000,13000,55,1,680000,0,0,1538000,1538000,128,0,0,46000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4000,0,50000,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1981,138200,24.82,23.44,4.03,68.28,16910 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/70",255000,237000,33862,81,1450754000,1659000,14631000,79255000,95545000,375,2850000,583000,20746000,0,2519000,0,0,408000,262000,0,130000,65000,3963000,646000,610000,29722000,20,"Tons",853266,9210,7.79,21.61,1.17,13.89,11312,"Mcf",689975,1005,2.49,2.49,2.47,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",195000,183000,7556,65,1185498000,1856000,15406000,80315000,97577000,500,2690000,558000,14080000,0,1555000,0,0,366000,205000,0,581000,137000,2335000,656000,1027000,21332000,18,"Tons",693360,8794,4.54,18.33,1.08,11.66,10684,"Mcf",467597,1007,2.39,2.39,2.36,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"SUGARLOAF","2-Internal","01/01/86","01/01/86",14000,14000,1,6,626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"Bloomington","7-Internal","01/01/98","01/01/98",12250,10500,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tacoma City of",18429,1999,"Centralia Steam Plntд","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",0,0,0,0,0,166897,4289405,25226129,29682431,0,73131,68311,11716542,0,112000,0,0,80230,140403,0,120346,80230,1008476,240691,26146,13593375,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/66",44000,48000,11136,38,209772978,15500,9202970,33194960,42413430,964,0,773581,8940370,0,537020,0,0,279940,1813670,2800,263170,105370,237360,129170,194990,13277441,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2462334,1148,3.22,3.22,3.07,0.04,13261,"bbl",31211,6300,20.25,20.25,3.21,0.08,20734 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","GAS TURBINE","01/01/63","01/01/64",25000,20000,415,0,6838100,0,516700,3207630,3724330,149,0,37110,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27080,0,0,0,0,64190,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",135368,1047,3.22,3.22,3.08,0.06,20734,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","STEAM","01/01/71","01/01/72",334350,314000,8760,54,1431868500,243700,15462840,61918010,77624550,232,0,365600,47652750,0,808720,0,0,334300,1440890,0,286010,23770,76650,588440,570760,52259040,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",14643073,1052,3.16,3.16,3,0.03,10001,"bbl",31324,6300,20.39,20.39,3.24,0.03,10228 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","GAS Turbine","01/01/00","01/01/72",43320,36000,870,0,21124800,0,0,4237440,4237440,98,0,109010,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,117890,0,0,0,0,226900,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",398330,1148,3.2,3.2,3.06,0.06,19763,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam-Gas T","01/01/71","01/01/76",110000,110000,3132,54,156001000,576884,4698715,37144991,42420590,386,791678,791678,5245790,0,1114114,0,0,533566,1685023,0,0,0,0,0,0,9370171,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",972473,1018,4.2,4.2,4.12,0.13,30320,"Barrels",75356,117188,16.96,15.46,3.14,0.01,3007 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"W. Water Street","Steam","01/01/02","01/01/58",13500,0,0,0,0,24173,3733601,5419707,9177481,680,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1188,0,0,0,0,1188,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/66",28300,25000,354,54,9067000,148310,2028703,7526961,9703974,343,0,249139,355473,0,342596,0,0,168675,368569,0,0,0,0,0,0,1484452,164,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",20281,95484,15,17.52,4.37,0.04,8970 "Texas Municipal Power Agency",18715,1999,"Gibbons Creek SES","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",493900,462000,6908,122,2602361000,25930000,158171000,425745000,609846000,1235,3957000,2960000,34144000,0,482000,0,0,300000,111000,0,1160000,322000,2989000,844000,734000,44046000,17,"Tons",1643836,8470,20.78,20.66,1.23,0.01,10711,"MCF",146379,1015,2.35,2.35,2.35,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Traverse City City of",19125,1999,"Bayside Station","Steam","01/01/12","01/01/68",29000,14000,290,15,3250000,83612,1866905,7544366,9494883,327,0,626829,148366,0,0,0,0,23461,10829,42858,365474,17778,92524,76059,12931,1417109,436,"Tons",2113,12500,43.5,43.5,1.74,0.02,16253.85,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Walnut Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/86","01/01/86",49900,45486,222,2,4176400,0,14724791,181069,14905860,299,0,9273,193510,0,0,0,0,45773,0,0,0,0,0,252574,0,501130,120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",70330,1,2.75,2.75,2.7,46.33,17145,"Bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Almond Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/95","01/01/95",49900,49900,3162,12,126500000,149270,24481629,30353821,54984720,1102,0,95458,3736849,0,79785,0,0,1827172,0,0,0,523257,0,640938,0,6903459,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1175749,1,3.18,2.48,2.38,29.54,9446,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vermont Public Pwr Supply Auth",19780,1999,"J.C. McNeil Station","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50000,53000,5366,35,41562673,79627,4515588,12712285,17307500,346,119308,43331,1497213,0,229588,0,0,81441,92419,0,37321,14987,144967,145773,7437,2294477,55,"tons(wood)",283916,4750,23.48,24.64,2.59,0.03,13455,"mcf",252167,1012000,3.28,3.28,3.25,0.04,12556,"bbl",2124,136321,15.88,21.41,3.74,0,0 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon power Plant","Internal Co","01/01/33","01/01/33",30000,19000,0,1,241160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"42 gal",624,130952,0,29.75,5.41,0.07,14231 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/87","01/01/87",14000,11250,1171150,1,117150,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,532,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1031,0,22683.2,2.75,2.66,0.05,19986,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vero Beach City of",19804,1999,"City of Vero Beach","Steam","01/01/59","01/01/92",158000,151000,8804,41,224236,3059208,26587907,49708983,79356098,502,5414436,1818902,11418,0,0,0,0,647002,0,0,808280,685525,0,1428535,0,5399662,24080,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,2318953,1051,3.87,3.87,3.69,0.04,11858,,45055,144840,18.97,18.97,3.12,0.04,14119 "Vineland City of",19856,1999,"Harry M. Downs","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/70",66250,57100,5104,41,50663680,102765,6943679,34504958,41551402,627,0,194475,1693950,0,506222,0,0,630731,1378637,0,137240,12568,459914,91094,2412,5107243,101,"Tons",16966,12734,49.33,49.07,1.9,0.03,13621,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",2206466,152654,0.35,0.35,2.49,0.03,12734 "Energy Northwest",20160,1999,"Nuclear Plant # 2","Nuclear","01/01/72","01/01/84",1200000,1163000,6519,1018,6975110000,0,1096311831,2199928002,3296239833,2747,38664908,18739254,30590701,2894774,12309953,0,0,75427,21147467,0,3819721,545674,1021005,2269200,18016550,111429726,16,"Grms U-235",726798,4.55e+10,32.01,42.09,41.9,4.39,10460.08,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Western Minnesota Mun Pwr Agny",20421,1999,"Watrtown Power Plant? ","Gas Turbin","01/01/78","01/01/78",60000,42,0,2,2254000,0,0,16335022,16335022,272,39000,17392,54938,0,0,0,0,0,3375,0,0,42360,0,102001,663,220729,98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7508,0,28.37,24.9,0,0.83,0 "Willmar Municipal Utils Comm",20737,1999,"WILLMAR","STEAM","01/01/00","01/01/70",29350,17500,6239,17,26618660,110447,878898,6858792,7848137,267,13984,40591,1085227,0,259713,0,0,318116,132083,5000,40431,2416,288530,102454,0,2020002,76,"TONS",32320,8600,26.74,33.58,1.95,0.04,17555,"MCF",28158,1022,2.4,2.4,2.4,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"EAST","STEAM","01/01/69","01/01/69",26500,0,0,12,24657,134138,2513749,6029328,8677215,327,1429863,315408,850195,0,0,0,0,0,152329,0,0,0,0,0,0,1317932,53451,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",356043,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"WEST","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/61",11500,0,0,1,2972500,0,157556,2719909,2877465,250,97445,56898,232145,0,0,0,0,0,31724,0,0,0,0,0,0,320767,108,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",58535,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,".",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 6","01/01/67",,7500,0,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 7","01/01/86",,32500,34500,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Total Plant","01/01/15","1/1/1986",74000,70000,17360,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 4","01/01/49",,11500,11000,1320,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 5","01/01/59",,22500,24500,8120,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Zeeland City of",21158,1999,"Zeeland Plant","Internal Co","01/01/36","01/01/80",22182,20100,6642,9,10671685,233107,958741,7490195,8682043,391,39130,160274,324998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,130885,11183,123764,0,0,751104,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",110179,1025,2.66,2.66,2.6,25.21,9704.09,"gals",63744,130,0.49,0.49,3.81,3.81,712.06 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"Hunter - Unit II","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",62703,65000,8614,0,477394000,24130,12455094,36987524,49466748,789,196762,79885,5146144,0,247463,0,0,117117,474771,220,72026,45503,228073,39173,16505,6466880,14,"Tons",219787,11688,22.14,22.14,0.95,0.01,10767,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",15134,139950,0,0,0,0,0 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"San Juan - Unit IV","Steam","/ /","/ /",35000,36000,8087,0,277529800,0,6606911,34780439,41387350,1182,330940,146935,4915693,0,99850,0,0,107665,90002,0,45259,27595,322125,62872,54783,5872779,21,"Tons",156254,9223,31,31,1.68,0.02,10404,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",37096,134772,0,0,0,0,0 "Intermountain Power Agency",40576,1999,,"Steam Inter","01/01/86","01/01/87",1640000,1600000,8760,472,13211071,95806000,859083000,1682967000,2637856000,1608,0,3439000,172897000,0,8441000,0,0,2062000,781000,0,3925000,2091000,9516000,3866000,3110000,210128000,15905,"Tons",5268671,11851,31.12,25.64,1.06,0.01,9457,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",12309,137273,22.25,26.22,4.55,0,0 "American Mun Power-Ohio Inc",40577,1999,"Richard H. Gorsuch","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/53",212000,194000,8760,106,1376874,822631,5383169,64333905,70539705,333,62261347,1032894,14712122,0,2153372,0,0,180146,1071556522,0,606713,341707,6319652,1253782,0,24415086,17732,"TON",869869,11581,23.16,23.16,0.88,0.01,13479,"MCF",72788,1040,3.65,3.65,3.5,0.04,13479,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern Municipal Power Agny",40581,1999,"COYOTE","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",414588000,0,8150,81,2913837000,0,0,420000000,420000000,1,0,863403,26074593,0,3373195,0,0,1267272,1238167,0,405837,334491,2651805,324789,643962,37177514,13,"TON",2425659,6947,10.64,10.64,0.77,0.89,11.57,"GAL.",236904,136552,0.56,0.56,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Southern Minnesota Mun P Agny",40580,1999,"SHERCO #3","STEAM PLANT","01/01/87",,331954,357000,7219,0,2035404000,0,0,331434191,331434191,998,3571246,1376329,18703611,0,1905690,0,0,392953,4634715,9336,422268,415136,2261396,2483729,678192,33283355,16,"TONS",1161899,8701,16.34,15.53,0.89,0.01,9934,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Belle River","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/85",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Campbell #3","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/68","01/01/68",14800,16,76,15,984760,0,0,1554976,1554976,105,0,2286,35784,0,5087,0,0,4586,3641,174,142,374,616,5648,0,58338,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20055,1000,2.26,1.78,1.78,0.04,20365,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"PGS","STEAM","/ /","/ /",100000,100000,8410,49,554461278,1708020,24075151,64351183,90134354,901,0,133740,4506550,0,718768,0,0,867378,199672,0,24187,229866,682366,387132,0,7749659,14,"TONS",358870,8391,10.89,12.56,0.75,0.01,10862,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","STEAM","01/01/57","01/01/72",92500,55000,2977,15,36138330,376970,3684704,31154613,35216287,381,0,102306,1368110,0,305181,0,0,256501,220102,7223,23106,51661,178024,228731,0,2740945,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",504548,1000,2.29,2.71,2.71,0.04,13962,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 1 (5 Units)","Combustion","01/01/86","01/01/86",124000,0,877,5,22025,981098,1465987,45464256,47911341,386,0,0,917842,0,0,0,0,208067,9810,0,95167,0,0,420321,0,1651207,74970,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",328153,0,2.7,2.7,2.44,0.04,15363,"gal",43800,0,0.43,0.43,0.43,0.04,15400 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 2 (STIG)","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",49900,0,1502,9,102136,0,0,62901868,62901868,1261,307564,0,2704183,0,0,0,0,120252,34596,0,411336,0,0,1176957,0,4447324,43543,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",914572,0,2.83,2.83,2.33,0.03,9135,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal One","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",110000,110540,8301,30,625621000,47873178,43427882,0,91301060,830,133458,764505,20092994,0,0,0,0,1317733,114299,0,286198,163870,39903,901827,786469,24467798,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",11071643,1210000,0.93,0.93,0.77,0.02,18504,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal Two","Steam","01/01/86","01/01/86",110000,110540,8207,30,627369000,58362769,52110952,0,110473721,1004,170987,681966,20079701,0,0,0,0,1433824,67816,0,36,101301,24056,451698,784863,23625261,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",10898373,1200000,0.93,0.93,0.78,0.02,19066,,0,0,0,0,0,0