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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Routing Discussion Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION: DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS PREPARED BY THE ROUTING TOPIC GROUP OF THE TRANSPORTATION EXTERNAL COORDINATION WORKING GROUP APRIL 1998 (a) Routing Issues Related to U.S. Department of Energy Radioactive Materials Transportation: Discussion and Recommendations Table of Contents I. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 1 II. Assumptions for Planning Purposes..................................................................................................... 1 III. The Current Routing Regulatory Structure and Its Implications...........................................................

2

Rail Routing Criteria Selection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

File name 1 File name 1 Rail Routing: Using Decision Analysis to Evaluate Objectives Ruth F. Weiner, Sandia National Laboratories Steven Hamp, U. S. Department of Energy April 22, 2004 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. TEC1 File name 2 Scoping the Problem * More than one rail route is available between any spent fuel site in the U. S. and Caliente, NV. * Routes differ in several parameters, like route length, track quality, urban areas transited, and so on. * Any particular route may not uniformly have more desirable parameters than another route; e.g. a shorter route may go through more urban centers.

3

Route classification using cellular handoff patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding utilization of city roads is important for urban planners. In this paper, we show how to use handoff patterns from cellular phone networks to identify which routes people take through a city. Specifically, this paper makes three contributions. ... Keywords: handoff patterns, route classification

Richard A. Becker; Ramon Caceres; Karrie Hanson; Ji Meng Loh; Simon Urbanek; Alexander Varshavsky; Chris Volinsky

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-3557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area (WRA) ACCESS REQUEST FORM All tours are required to complete this form and have Phone No. E-mail Purpose of Tour ­ (Access to these wetlands is limited for research and educational

Queitsch, Christine

5

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control Aditya Akella Jeffrey Pang Bruce multihoming, route control, overlay routing Bruce Maggs is also with Akamai Technologies. This work Protocol (BGP) are often held responsible for fail- ures and poor performance of end-to-end transfers

Fisher, Kathleen

6

Extraction Route Trials on Sensitive Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on extraction routes. These routes must therefore be carefully constructed and maintained in order to safeguard

7

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Blue Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map Blue Route map Blue Route Schedule Effective May 3, 2013 Text Box: BLUE SHUTTLE SCHEDULE BLUE Route # 65 DOWNHILL BART 65 UPHILL 62/66 1 6:20 AM 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:52 AM 2 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:02 AM 3 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:12 AM 4 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:10 AM 7:22 AM 1 7:04 AM 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 2 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 3 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 4 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 1 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 2 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 3 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 4 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 1 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 2 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 3 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 4 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 1 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 2 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 10:16 AM 3 9:52 AM 10:04 AM

8

Collective network routing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are a unified method and apparatus to classify, route, and process injected data packets into a network so as to belong to a plurality of logical networks, each implementing a specific flow of data on top of a common physical network. The method allows to locally identify collectives of packets for local processing, such as the computation of the sum, difference, maximum, minimum, or other logical operations among the identified packet collective. Packets are injected together with a class-attribute and an opcode attribute. Network routers, employing the described method, use the packet attributes to look-up the class-specific route information from a local route table, which contains the local incoming and outgoing directions as part of the specifically implemented global data flow of the particular virtual network.

Hoenicke, Dirk

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

9

Route guidance information for elderly passengers: route naming methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correspond to the streets on which the routes travel or to the route's destinations. A survey of college undergraduate students indicated a preference for route names that included "North", "South", "East", or "West" to indicate the area of the city in which...

Higgins, Laura Lynne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

New Routes to Fusion Power?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New Routes to Fusion Power? ... THE VEIL OF SECRECY around U. S. research on controlled thermonuclear reactions has lifted slightly. ...

1958-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Alexander Klippel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions Alexander Klippel C R C - S p a t i a l I n f o r m a t i o principles that allow us to define what makes route directions cognitively ergonomic, technical aspects for cognitively ergonomic route directions (Denis, 1997; Lovelace, Hegarty, & Montello, 1999; Tversky & Lee, 1999

Klippel, Alexander

12

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-5557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PERMIT REQUEST FORM Name of Principal Investigator Position is it important that this study be done at the UWB-CCC wetland site? . What parts of the site will you need access

Queitsch, Christine

13

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North STAYBRIDGE SUITES THE VISTA INN PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE DETAILED ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R PARK (FORMERLY K-25 PLANT) OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (X-10) Y-12 NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLEX 1 2 SNS

14

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North OAK RIDGE INN & SUITES THE RIDGE INN. TRANSFER SNS PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R CIVIC COLISEUM UT MAIN CAMPUS UT AGRICULTURAL CAMPUS KNOXVILLE LEGEND OAK RIDGE LEGEND To Chattanooga (I

Pennycook, Steve

15

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rear bike rack image Rear bike rack image The Laboratory provides shuttle bus services, contracted through MV Transportation Services. Routes run throughout its 200-acre facility, downtown Berkeley, local off-site facilities, UC Campus, Downtown Berkeley BART, and Rockridge BART stations. Shuttles offer free wifi onboard. Riders are asked to adhere to riding instructions. Active shuttle stops are marked with this sign: Bus sign image Shuttles run Monday through Friday, except Laboratory holidays. There is no weekend service. Special service for tours, group travel, etc. is available for a fee. All shuttles are equipped with Nextbus which uses GPS technology to enable riders to obtain real-time information on bus arrivals. Contact Bus Services at busservices@lbl.gov or 510-486-4165 to provide

16

Locally Optimal Source Routing for energy-efficient geographic routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the problem of finding an energy-efficient path from a source node to a destination using geographic routing. ... destination than the current node can still reduce energy consumption by taking part in...

Juan A. Sanchez; Pedro M. Ruiz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South Composting Facility South Composting Facility Document Number: 300 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date /"'. Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~A~ """'S" VL'f Steve Ames 12/01/201 0 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 '-~~~J.A.Pt ~..vi Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 <::)f.~ a 1...,.. D .-s~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01 /2010 . / / / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 4H /""-. :.-- Mike Taylor 12/01 /2010 ,,, /?1. y L (J ,:2_ 12./:L/11? Nf"f..b5 W~J2k: ~f€\J£' 14rf11'5 JZ.. /z./to 'S r ,.:-. j ~-- .A .ItA ~ s I Z / ,£ / 11 fiA t K t.. T .A" I Ur I l / 1.../JC J /41('~ /2. !2../.e.. I It? P?2'. / / <;7/?;.,L::_

18

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concrete Storage Yard Concrete Storage Yard Document Number: 301 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~ ..... --1 .L - Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 :"#-~- /2--........, Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 s.£~ ~~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ~ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 /7~ A"' A'"~ Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 ~~"'' 1-4'1''-..t:P~ JZ-/2.//C> AJ El'l>S t..Ji!) ~K tf7TIJ c ,t/rtf f ~ !:z..Lz_L/.o , r S·rP:IIE At11Ef' .~ { L/lt:- ~.a A\ lt"L"' 1A'l1Al I 1-- I 'f../ /0 _.., _, ---r79 '(_L47 /2--. 12-/.L I IP ~L"/Y~A sn:vc 19"1r5 12-/2//P

19

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Composting Facility North Composting Facility Document Number: 299 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date ..... Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 tl-i.A 1 ../\ _/ ~ Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 t.::}wtLA Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 .LZ..L.-1 Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 . ~ "/ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ,(J,U y n--(/' Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 '~"' --r7j I{ LLtJ I? JZ../2../!b Nr_4l./)5 w&ll. K .S T£ v C AIV\ cs 12../2.../ I 0 ( .e:.,~:,/t.; AM IF s I t-fi. /,,s (J.,..,.M ·/A,_r_, 7AYtoJ- IZ....(z../lq ~ .... / --r-?JY~e t<.j .z..j / e:> I#'~ y ../"'~--< 5Tt: \J C /1 J111 C 5 t<-./z_j/0

20

Associative skew clock routing for difficult instances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the associative skew clock routing problem, which seeks a clock routing tree such that zero skew is preserved only within identified groups of sinks. Although the number of constraints is reduced, the problem becomes more...

Kim, Min-seok

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The multi-stop aircraft routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the multi-stop aircraft routing problem, determining the sequence of stops and the number of passengers to carry in each segment route. The objective of the aircraft routing problem is to maximize the profit derived from the transportation...

Garci?a Castan?eda, Salvador

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY This form is designed for use in routing contracts Services Contracts or contracts administered through the Office of University Research. Name of Person initiating the Routing Process Name of Department Other Party (on contract) Purpose of contract or work

Selmic, Sandra

23

Routing protocols in ad hoc networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ad hoc networking involves computers, typically wireless mobile nodes (MNs), that cooperatively form a network without specific user administration or configuration. In other words, ad hoc networking allows an arbitrary collection of MNs to create a ... Keywords: associativity-based routing (ABR), distributed bellman-ford (DBF), dynamic source routing (DSR), on-demand routing protocols

Dan Galatchi; Roxana Zoican

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ad hoc routing protocols with multipoint relaying Ad hoc routing protocols with multipoint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Route repairs are performed by new route request flooding. We show with simulation that the use of MPR the flooding overhead of control traffic. In this paper we show that multipoint relaying can be used as well and route replies are all flooded via Multipoint Relays (MPR). They both open routes to their originators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

On Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy-Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of network lifetime. Keywords MANET, Adhoc Networks, Energy Efficient Routing, Multicasting Tree, BIP an approach that tries to develop energy-efficient broadcast routing trees. They presented a tree constructionOn Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy- Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET

Poovendran, Radha

26

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing College London * Email: uceephu@ucl.ac.uk Abstract: This paper introduces a new route request flooding. This scheme aims to control and reduce the route request flooding. Furthermore, the scheme combines

Haddadi, Hamed

27

Social learning of novel route preferences in adult humans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...behaviour|cultural transmission|route learning| 1...as learning by route following, and...message that cultural transmission need not require...Experiments 1-2 (equal routes) and (b,c...routes). Solid lines, demonstrated...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A comparison of the Internet multicast routing protocols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exploding Internet has brought many novel network applications. These include teleconferencing, interactive games, the voice/video phone, real-time multimedia playing, distributed computing, web casting, and so on. One of the specific characteristics ... Keywords: Datagrams, Delivery tree, Multicasting routing protocols

Jhyda Lin; Ruay-Shiung Chang

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin Yuval Rabani Baruch Schieber Abstract We consider algorithms for many-to-many hot potato routing. In hot potato (deflection) routing in each time step. We consider a form of routing known as hot potato routing or deflection routing [1, 5

Borodin, Allan

30

RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Strawman" Report: "Strawman" Report: RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES Number Section Comment Response RTG-1-AAR SECTION II Safeguards Routing Regulations, Para. 2 The NRC has identified five types of route characteristics that receive special consideration when NRC staff review routes for approval pursuant to 10 CFR 73: (1) routes through highly populated areas; (2) routes that would place the shipment or escort vehicle in a significantly disadvantageous position (for example, tunnels which would prevent the escort vehicle from maintaining continuous surveillance of the shipment vehicle); [Note this assumes a highway chase vehicle for rail. We expect security for rail shipments to be on the train with the shipment, and not a chase vehicle. Chase vehicles has their own inherent

31

Transmission line route selection by goal programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-stage solution for transmission line route selection is presented. The generalized double-sweep method has been used to select the K least costly routes. The selected routes are subjected to social and environmental constraints (SEC). The SEC problem is formulated as a zero-one goal-programming model and solved by the implicit enumeration method. The two-stage solution algorithm has been applied to two problems. The results indicate the suitability of the method for route selection provided that acceptable SEC criteria can be found. The results also indicate the viability of the goal-programming technique for choosing power network interconnection concepts.

I.M. Elamin; S.O. Duffuaa; H.A. Yassein

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Consort: NodeConsort: Node--constrainedconstrained Opportunistic Routing in WirelessOpportunistic Routing in Wireless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Mobile Computing, 2003. K. W. Choi, W. S. Jeon, and D. G. Jeong, "Efficient Load-Aware Routing Scheme. Sankar and Z. Liu, "Maximum Lifetime Routing in Wireless Ad- hoc Networks," IEEE INFOCOM'04. P. P. Pham

Xue, Guoliang

33

A ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time window constraintsA ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES MIGUEL A. FIGLIOZZI Civil & Environmental Engineering Department Portland State University P.O. Box 751

Bertini, Robert L.

34

Extracting scenic routes from VGI data sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to extract traversed scenic routes from Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) data sources. We used the footprints of images posted on Panoramio and Flickr, as well as websites where users uploaded tracks of traversed ... Keywords: Flickr, VGI, panoramio, scenic routes, trip planning

Majid Alivand; Hartwig Hochmair

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Potter St./JBEI Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Map Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map | Printable Schedule Potter St/JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Schedule Bus Service @ lbl.gov email link LBNL - POTTER ST/JBEI START - LBL STOP 65 CORY HALL SHATTUCK BART JCAP POTTER CFO JBEI SHATTUCK BART CORY HALL Depart on the 08's and 38's Depart on the 10's and 40's Depart on the 15's and 45's Depart on the 28's and 58's Depart on the 00's and 30's Depart on the 05's and 35's Depart on the 08's and 35's Depart on the 20's and 50's Depart on the 25's and 55's 1 8:08 AM 8:10 AM 8:15 AM 8:28 AM 8:30 AM 8:35 AM 8:38 AM 8:50 AM 8:55 AM 2 8:38 AM 8:40 AM 8:45 AM 8:58 AM 9:00 AM 9:05 AM 9:08 AM 9:20 AM 9:25 AM

36

All across Africa: highly individual migration routes of Eleonora's falcon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...shaped the migration routes of juvenile Eleonora's...and spring migration routes, the variety of important...falcons and historical route (dotted line) modified after Walter...Life cycles and signal transmission data of 13 transmitters...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Proactive techniques for correct and predictable Internet routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet is composed of thousands of autonomous, competing networks that exchange reachability information using an interdomain routing protocol. Network operators must continually reconfigure the routing protocols to ...

Feamster, Nicholas G. (Nicholas Greer), 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Conference Call Summaries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Routing Conference Call Summaries TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Conference Call Summaries CONFERENCE CALL SUMMARIES January 31, 2008 December 6, 2007 October 4, 2007...

39

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues...

40

Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel ThermoelectricMaterials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking & DOS Engineering Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is

42

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...

Levy, David

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

44

Hybrid Routing in Delay Tolerant Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work addresses the integration of today's infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Hybrid routing in delay tolerant networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work addresses the integration of today\\'s infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) to Spent Fuel Routing Analysis P. E. Johnson R.R. Rawl Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRAGIS is being used by OCRWM to identify...

47

Algorithms for Multiple Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surveillance and monitoring applications require a collection of heterogeneous vehicles to visit a set of targets. This dissertation considers three fundamental routing problems involving multiple vehicles that arise in these applications. The main...

Bae, Jung Yun

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

48

Online optimization in routing and scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we study online optimization problems in routing and scheduling. An online problem is one where the problem instance is revealed incrementally. Decisions can (and sometimes must) be made before all information ...

Wagner, Michael R. (Michael Robert), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Route selection and detailed line design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The requirements for route selection and detailed line design of a high-voltage overhead line are established by the preparatory work, studies ... the required starting and terminal point of a transmission connec...

Dr.-Ing. Friedrich Kiessling; Dipl.-Ing. Peter Nefzger

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with the mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties. This problem generalizes many important arc and node routing problems, and it takes into account turn penalties and forbidden turns, which are crucial in many ... Keywords: Capacitated general routing problem, Transformation, Turn penalties, Vehicle routing

Olli Brysy; Eulalia Martnez; Yuichi Nagata; David Soler

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A survey on secure multipath routing protocols in WSNs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routing protocols in wireless sensor networks (WSN) have been substantially investigated by researches. Most state-of-the-art surveys have focused on reviewing the different routing schemes that have been proposed for WSN and classifying them based on ... Keywords: Multipath routing, Secure multipath routing, Security, Wireless sensor networks

Eliana Stavrou; Andreas Pitsillides

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH SOFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time windows exceeds the number of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs is required, and (c) the dispatcher has1 AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM

Bertini, Robert L.

53

The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect

Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA Review Routing Form NEPA Review Routing Form A ::opy of Routing: ~ I~ I a() II Namo Roviowod Signature Date (~~ Thaf I CUt 1 -f CJ./ W./11 ~ A /rt ...... "" . A-~ r;;;;I £1 "3 7i7 .-J;_~~· ~~ / ' I" - 4 ' . # / . - . 1 ?9 '1' l p /=-- Z-4-11 ,_, y~ -- - - - - - - - - ~ L- ·~~ ,....... ,_ ,.,.. ....... , "'t _,.., , ....... '" / / /1 /7/1....., ,..I\. / / I F r-Q V C. .L> I \ I I ..... Forwarded Forwarded To Date i-t l.tlbrub ~ r:H:.. ~rrr

55

Controlled entanglement routing between two virtual pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate controlled entanglement routing between bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states in an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer (UMZI), in which the routing process is controlled by the relative phase difference in the UMZI. Regarding bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states as two virtual ports, we can consider the UMZI as a controlled entanglement router, which bases on the coherent manipulation of entanglement. Half of the entanglement within the input two-photon state is coherently routed between the two virtual ports, while the other is lost due to the time distinguishability introduced by the UMZI. Pure bunching or antibunching path entangled two-photon states are obtained based on this controlled entanglement router. The results show that we can employ the UMZI as general entanglement router for practical quantum information application.

Qiang Zhou; Shuai Dong; Wei Zhang; Lixing You; Yuhao He; Weijun Zhang; Yidong Huang; Jiangde Peng

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

56

Selecting the supply chain route: environmental aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the general concern over the state of nature, environmental issues are of more significance in supply chains than previously. The routing of transportation chains is typically based on economic factors at the expense of ecological factors. The environmental impact and risks attributable to transportation are often not understood, and therefore taking them into account is challenging. In this paper we discuss the environmental effects and risks related to freight transportation, and suggest a method for assessing environmental factors in route selection. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in considering the greener option in road and railway transportation, a combination yielding alternative routings that cause minimum environmental damage and risk in the case under investigation.

Jyri Vilko; Hanna Alve; Risto Soukka; Jukka Hallikas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Image processing application maps optimal transmission routes  

SciTech Connect

The process of selecting an optimal route for a transmission line is complex as it involves technical, social, economic, environmental, and planning aspects. A new method was developed to help engineers select routes of specific transmission lines. The methodology is based on the use of satellite images of the geographic region in which the line will cross. The selection process searches for the most economical alternative and the one with the least environmental impact within the area of concern. This is achieved by using an image recognition software package and a program that uses minimal path techniques with support of weight restrictions. This article defines the methodology and uses a region of Mexico as an example to illustrate the optimal route-selection process.

Vega, M.; Sarmiento, H.G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Autonomic behaviour of opportunistic network routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In opportunistic networks, end-to-end communication among users does not require a continuous end-to-end path between source and destination. Network protocols are designed to be extremely resilient to events such as long partitions, ... Keywords: autonomic communication, context-aware routing, delay-tolerant networks, mobile networks, opportunistic networks, self-organising networks

Chiara Boldrini; Marco Conti; Andrea Passarella

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Large neighborhood search for LNG inventory routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is steadily becoming a common mode for commercializing natural gas. Due to the capital intensive nature of LNG projects, the optimal design of LNG supply chains is extremely important from a profitability perspective. Motivated ... Keywords: LNG, Liquefied natural gas, Maritime inventory routing, Ship schedule optimization

Vikas Goel; Kevin C. Furman; Jin-Hwa Song; Amr S. El-Bakry

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Emissions Minimization Vehicle Routing Problem Miguel Figliozzi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The level of GHG emissions is a proxy for fuel consumption in diesel engines and in the near future, the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption as the primary or secondary objective. This creates a new type, study, and solve a new vehicle routing problem where the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Multi-objective routing in ATM networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we extend the schedulable region concept from a mission control for one link only to a network-wide routing and admission approach in ATM networks. We assume that four traffic types traverse the network, i.e., constant bit...

Mennenga, Menno

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Energy Efficient Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of ideal rateless codes, so that a node can accumulate transmission rates from the transmission problem becomes more complex, as it involves the determination of 1) Routing path, 2) Transmission duration of each node, and 3) Transmission power of each node. We formulated the problem as an optimization

Boyer, Edmond

63

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Routing Routing TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing ROUTING The Routing Topic Group has been established to examine topics of interest and relevance concerning routing of shipments of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) to a national repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada by highway, rail, and intermodal operations that could involve use of barges. Ultimately, the main goal for the topic group members will be to provide stakeholder perspectives and input to the Office of Logistics Management (OLM) in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for the identification of a national suite of routes to Yucca Mountain. The identification of a suite of routes will provide an advanced planning framework for State and Tribal

64

Strategic Dynamic Vehicle Routing with Spatio-Temporal Dependent Demands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a zero-sum game formulation of a dynamic vehicle routing problem: a system planner seeks to design dynamic routing policies for a team of vehicles to minimize the average waiting time of demands that are strategically ...

Feijer Rovira, Diego Francisc

65

Strategic dynamic vehicle routing with spatio-temporal dependent demands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic vehicle routing problems address the issue of determining optimal routes for a set of vehicles, to serve a given set of demands that arrive sequentially in time. Traditionally, demands are assumed to be generated ...

Feijer, Diego (Diego Francisco Feijer Rovira)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog NOT CITE #12;Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog 2 Contents ......................................................................................................................................12 1.a. The Need for Low Carbon Biofuels

California at Davis, University of

67

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will...

68

End-to-end routing behavior in the internet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines Fotios G. Thomaidis1@kepa.uoa.gr Abstract. The route of transcontinental natural gas pipelines is characterized by complexity, compared choices. Keywords: Optimum route method, natural gas, transcontinental pipelines, Caspian Region ­ E

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

71

A Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reasoning. Existing protocol analysis tools [7, 12, 14] are rarely used in analyzing rout- ing protocolsA Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols Chen Chen1 , Limin Jia2 , Hao Xu1 , Cheng done to understand and verify the formal security guarantees of proposed secure inter-domain routing

Pennsylvania, University of

72

Reduction-based Security Analysis of Internet Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduction-based Security Analysis of Internet Routing Protocols Chen Chen, Limin Jia, Boon Thau Loo. These properties require routes announced by honest nodes in the network not to be tampered with by the adversary proofs with automated analysis. We define several reduction steps to reduce proving route authenticity

Pennsylvania, University of

73

A Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocol analysis tools [7, 11, 13] are rarely used in analyzing routing protocols becauseA Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols (Technical Report) Chen Chen1 , Limin Jia2 done to understand and verify the formal security guarantees of proposed secure inter-domain routing

Sandholm, Tuomas W.

74

Towards Securing Interdomain Routing on the Internet Sharon Goldberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

up by the routing protocols. 1. We start with a game-theoretic analysis that shows that evenTowards Securing Interdomain Routing on the Internet Sharon Goldberg A Dissertation Presented economic goals. Despite these complex relationships, the interdomain routing system (that allows ASes

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

75

A Formal Framework for Secure Routing Protocols Wenchao Zhou3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

verifies its security claims. Existing model-checking-based protocol analysis tools cannot be directlyA Formal Framework for Secure Routing Protocols Chen Chen1 Limin Jia2 Hao Xu1 Cheng Luo1 Wenchao routing protocol, is vulner- able to various attacks. Redesigns of Internet routing infrastructure (e.g. S

Sandholm, Tuomas W.

76

Internet Routing Resilience to Failures: Analysis and Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Routing Resilience to Failures: Analysis and Implications Jian Wu Ying Zhang Z. Morley Mao Kang G. Shin University of Michigan ABSTRACT Internet interdomain routing is policy-driven, and thus phys- ical connectivity does not imply reachability. On average, routing on today's Internet works

Mao, Zhuoqing Morley

77

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Thiemo Voigt, Hartmut Ritter and Jochen Schiller energy sources such as solar power may provide unlimited energy resources to a changing subset these nodes is appealing. In this paper, we present solar-aware routing, a rout- ing protocol for wireless

78

Maximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

node consumes energy, but the receiving node does not. This assumption is not true if acknowledgementsMaximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost Qiling Xie, Chin-Tau Lea, Mordecai J-The Maximum Residual Energy Path (MREP) routing has been shown an effective routing scheme for energy

Fleischer, Rudolf

79

RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity constrained wireless mesh networks, Patras, Greece ABSTRACT We propose a class of novel energy-efficient multi-cost routing algorithms path. We evaluate the performance of the proposed energy-aware multi-cost routing algorithms under two

Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

80

Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks Yu Wang, Senior Member the energy efficiency of routes in multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized Localized Energy-Aware Restricted Neighborhood routing (LEARN), which can guarantee the energy efficiency

Wang, Yu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Performance Enhancement of Ad Hoc Networks with Janitor Based Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze a new on the fly strategy that discovers, repairs and maintains routes in hierarchical and distributed fashion called Janitor Based Routing (JBR). The main motivation behind our JBR protocol is to decrease flooding and routing overhead and increase efficiencies in packet movement. An analytical model for the proposed JBR is presented and detailed simulation is used to observe the performance of JBR. This route discovery and maintenance protocol clearly achieved improvement in terms of reduction of flooding, routing overhead, and, hence, provides enhanced reliability.

Siddique, Isnain; Hashem, M M A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with TEMPLE UNIVERSITY #12;Introduction: utility-based routingIntroduction: utility-based routing

Wu, Jie

83

Energy Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Speaker(s): Lionel Vayssieres Date: April 27, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Samuel Mao The ability to design anisotropic nanoparticles with tailored aspect ratio and to order them into large 3-D arrays is an important challenge that scientists have to face to create functionalized nanomaterials. Our approach to control the size and shape of nanoparticles as well as the overall texture of nanoparticulate thin films is to tune their direct aqueous hydrolysis-condensation growth onto substrates by monitoring the interfacial thermodynamics of nanocrystals as well as their kinetics of heteronucleation. Growing materials at very low interfacial tension, i.e. at thermodynamically stable conditions, allows the experimental control of

84

Geologic selection methodology for transportation corridor routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corridor Evaluation Area. 3 Location of Counties Studied in Corridor Project 4 Climatic Zones of Texas . 5 State of Texas Average Annual Precipitation Values, in Inches, . . . 6 State of Texas Average Annual Runoff Values, in Inches... Borehole 6: Waco City. . 36 Borehole 7: Bexar County . 37 Borehole 8: Bexar County 38 Route Alternatives in Corridor Area. 39 Cost Matrix for Project Area . . 40 Risk Matrix for Project Area . . 41 Geo-Economic Construction Costs. . . 85 . . 88 100...

Shultz, Karin Wilson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

85

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Thermal Cascade Route to Pyrroloisoindolone and Pyrroloimidazolones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Thermal Cascade Route to Pyrroloisoindolone and Pyrroloimidazolones ... However, we have shown that pyrrolizin-3-ones 1 and related ring systems can be conveniently made in the gas phase by flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of Meldrum's acid derivatives6,7 (the Meldrum's route) and by FVP of pyrrol-2-ylacrylate derivatives (the C-acrylate route). ... This always overrides the natural direction of migration in the unsubstituted ring system. ...

Hamish McNab; Richard G. Tyas

2007-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

87

RoutingTG_ telecon 6 21 07_rev2.rtf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

shut down the railroads. Scott suggested that risk categories be assigned for different types of track, cities, or events that routes go through. Certain events, situations, etc....

88

TRUCK ROUTING PROBLEM IN DISTRIBUTION OF GASOLINE TO GAS STATIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims at finding a daily routing plan for a fleet of vehicles delivering gasoline to gas stations for an oil company, satisfying all (more)

Janakiraman, Swagath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Safe Routes to School Safety and Mobility Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the routes to school. (Yolo County) Student pedestrianthe middle of the roadway. (Yolo County) Agencies alsoHumboldt County Tehama County Yolo County Solano County

Orenstein, Marla R.; Gutierrez, Nicolas; Rice, Thomas M.; Cooper, Jill F.; Ragland, David R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Robustness of airline alliance route networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the robustness of the three major airline alliances (i.e., Star Alliance, oneworld and SkyTeam) route networks. Firstly, the normalization of a multi-scale measure of vulnerability is proposed in order to perform the analysis in networks with different sizes, i.e., number of nodes. An alternative node selection criterion is also proposed in order to study robustness and vulnerability of such complex networks, based on network efficiency. And lastly, a new procedure the inverted adaptive strategy is presented to sort the nodes in order to anticipate network breakdown. Finally, the robustness of the three alliance networks are analyzed with (1) a normalized multi-scale measure of vulnerability, (2) an adaptive strategy based on four different criteria and (3) an inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion. The results show that Star Alliance has the most resilient route network, followed by SkyTeam and then oneworld. It was also shown that the inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion inverted efficiency shows a great success in quickly breaking networks similar to that found with betweenness criterion but with even better results.

Oriol Lordan; Jose M. Sallan; Pep Simo; David Gonzalez-Prieto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Dynamic routing trees with energy harvesting constraints for wireless body area networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routing under energy harvesting constraints is considered. A routing protocol based on Dijkstra's global routing algorithm is proposed and evaluated. The protocol dynamically modifies routing trees based on available energy accumulated through energy ... Keywords: body area networks, energy harvesting, routing protocols

Nikhil Argade; Gill R. Tsouri

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cognitively Ergonomic Route A Potential Basis for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions A Potential Basis for the OpenLS Navigation Service? Stefan Hansen, Alexander Klippel, Kai-Florian Richter Overview Background Aspect of cognitively ergonomic Ontologies and cognitive modelling (cognitive engineering) Aspects of Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions

Klippel, Alexander

93

ROUTE 322 (Governor Rd) B ULLFROG VALLEY RD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUTE 322 (Governor Rd) B ULLFROG VALLEY RD HOPE DR HOPE DR SANDHILLRD CHERRY DR UNIVERSITY DR LIFE McDonald House 13 TO ROUTE 422 SIPE AVE 23 25 24 B ULLFROG VALLEY RD LUCY AVE To HOPE LODGE 26 Main Center for Applied Research 18 Life Lion Hangar 19 Student Housing 20 West Campus Health & Wellness

Maranas, Costas

94

Anonymity Analysis of Onion Routing in the Universally Composable Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anonymity Analysis of Onion Routing in the Universally Composable Framework Joan Feigenbaum Yale. Specifically we present a probabilistic analysis of onion routing in a black-box model of anonymous Syverson Naval Research Laboratory syverson@itd.navy.mil ABSTRACT We present the formalization and analysis

Johnson, Aaron

95

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks SHORT PAPER Ioannis Pefkianakis1 in licensed bands, to meet the increasing demand for radio spectrum. The new open spectrum operation--Cognitive Radio, Spectrum Aware Routing I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive radio networks (CORNET) are an emerging multihop

Lu, Songwu

96

SPATIAL MULTIPATH LOCATION AIDED ROUTING Submitted to the Faculty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new algorithm called "Hyper- GRID" is a hybrid algorithm that uses multipath routing (alternate path2005-533 #12;2 Abstract Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) are infrastructure-free networks of mobile propose a new hierarchical, zone-based 3D routing algorithm, based on GRID by Liao, Tseng and Sheu. Our

97

Mining users' significant driving routes with low-power sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While there is significant work on sensing and recognition of significant places for users, little attention has been given to users' significant routes. Recognizing these routine journeys, can open doors for the development of novel applications, ... Keywords: dynamic time warping, mobile sensing, route sensing, significant journeys

Sarfraz Nawaz, Cecilia Mascolo

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Compact Routing on Internet-Like Graphs Dmitri Krioukov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact Routing on Internet-Like Graphs Dmitri Krioukov Email: dima@krioukov.net Kevin Fall Intel and simulation, we derive the stretch distribution of this routing scheme on Internet-like interdomain topologies that the average TZ stretch is quite low and virtually independent of . In particular, for the Internet interdomain

Yang, Xiaowei

99

Energy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimates of the potential for energy savings. We show potential savings of fifty six percent in energy functions of an energy aware ad hoc routing protocol are · Energy based link cost with transmit powerEnergy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol by Shweta Bhandare Scriptor B

Brown, Timothy X.

100

1 INTRODUCTION Ship weather routing develops an optimum track  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for minimization of the vessel's fuel consumption. Numerous variation of this type of method have been presented vessel routing. In addition to time objective, the author tried to minimize fuel consumption of the optimal route of a motor vessel by minimizing its fuel consumption. The proposed method is based on a new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiaoguang Li and Jie Wu Department of Computer the existing utility-based routing protocols for WSNs. We put them into sev- eral categories according to their utility properties, such as delay, cost, and packet delivery ratio. In addition, we will also cover

Wu, Jie

102

N-Vehicle Routing Team NineNines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the most economical and "green" route for a distribution center to deliver goods to m addresses with n Trucks #12;Research Paper 1 Title: "Survey of Green Vehicle Routing Problem: Past and future trends of Green Logistics Environmental, ecological effects taken into consideration Concept of Green Vehicle

Kaminsky, Alan

103

Greedy Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems James Aspnes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of designing an overlay network and routing mechanism that per- mits finding-tolerant Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems appearing in the pro- ceedings of the Twenty-First ACM Symposium in the face of considerable damage. Another compelling advantage of random graphs is that they eliminate

Aspnes, James

104

Adaptive Probabilistic Flooding for Multipath Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we develop a distributed source routing algorithm for topology discovery suitable for ISP transport networks, that is however inspired by opportunistic algorithms used in ad hoc wireless networks. We propose a plug-and-play control plane, able to find multiple paths toward the same destination, and introduce a novel algorithm, called adaptive probabilistic flooding, to achieve this goal. By keeping a small amount of state in routers taking part in the discovery process, our technique significantly limits the amount of control messages exchanged with flooding -- and, at the same time, it only minimally affects the quality of the discovered multiple path with respect to the optimal solution. Simple analytical bounds, confirmed by results gathered with extensive simulation on four realistic topologies, show our approach to be of high practical interest.

Betoule, Christophe; Clavier, Remi; Rossi, Dario; Rossini, Giuseppe; Thouenon, Gilles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is inappropriate and against the law.

106

Routing Protocols for Cognitive Radio Networks: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the cognitive radio (CR) technology, a wireless system can exploit opportunistically the radio spectrum licensed to other systems. Thus, CR is regarded as a solution to the problems resulting from the limited available spectrum and the inefficiency in the spectrum usage. The multi-hop CR networks need some novel routing algorithms taking the open spectrum phenomenon into account. The main approach in designing the routing algorithm for the CR networks is the joint design of routing and spectrum management. Works on such issues have just started and are still in a rudimentary stage. In this paper, we survey comprehensively the existing research on the routing protocols for CR networks, especially with reference to CR ad hoc networks. We classify the routing protocols, discuss the essential features of the different protocols, and provide the future research directions.

Kamruzzaman, S M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Ad-hoc and Hybrid Networks Performance Comparison of MANET Routing Protocols in Ad-hoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequenced Distance Vector Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2.1 Routing Table Management-hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.3.1 Route Discovery and Multipoint Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.4.3 Spreading Topology Informations

Braun, Torsten

108

Immunity to Viral Leukemia in Rats and the Routes of Transmission from Mother to Offspring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leukemia in Rats and the Routes of Transmission from Mother to Offspring1...vitro, and (c) the routes by which anti-GLV...tissue culture cell line G, which replicates...pre- and postnatal routes of transmission, quantitative experiments...

Harry L. Ioachim; Steven E. Keller; Martin L. Gimovsky; and Sue Shepherd

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - aided routing protocol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: aided routing protocol Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: Current Development and Evaluation Summary: network. LAR: Location Aided...

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - american freshwater routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American freshwater routing during the Younger Dryas cold event... for Tarasov and Peltier (2005), who concluded that freshwater routing oc- curred from the south to the...

111

Route-dependent operation of automotive fuel cell systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information on energy demand and traversal times along segments of a route is used to operate a fuel cell of an automotive drive in order to minimise fuel consumption. The buffering capacity of a battery is exploited to proactively leave the fuel cell idle or run it as close as possible to its maximum efficiency power level. Additionally, recuperation energy is buffered. Shortest paths in so-called power graphs correspond to approximately optimal fuel cell operation along a given route. In principle, minimum consumption routes can be computed in the same way. The approach targets planning rather than control.

Thomas Kämpke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/environmentandenergy/fo Cost: Free Language: English Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Screenshot "UNDP recognizes the critical need to support developing country governments to build on their existing development strategies and coordination experiences (e.g., National Communications, National Adaptation Plan of Action, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, UN Development Assistance Framework, Country Assistance Strategy,

113

Routing tradeoffs in dynamic peer-to-peer networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Hash Tables (DHTs) are useful tools for building large scale distributed systems. DHTs provide a hash-table-like interface to applications by routing a key to its responsible node among the current set of ...

Li, Jinyang, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

ES-VBF: An Energy Saving Routing Protocol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Limited Energy is a challenge in Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN). To solve the energy problem in UWSN, this paper puts forward a new energy-aware routing algorithm, called Energy-Saving Vector Based Forwarding P...

Bo Wei; Yong-mei Luo; Zhigang Jin; Jie Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Whanaungatanga: Sybil-proof routing with social networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decentralized systems, such as distributed hash tables, are subject to the Sybil attack, in which an adversary creates many false identities to increase its influence. This paper proposes a routing protocol for a distributed ...

Lesniewski-Laas, Chris

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

116

Rule-Based Generation of Thermochemical Routes to Biomass Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals involves a multitude of oxygen-containing compounds and thermochemical reaction routes. A detailed elucidation of the process chemistry is, thus, a key step in understanding the reaction mechanisms and designing ...

Srinivas Rangarajan; Aditya Bhan; Prodromos Daoutidis

2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

117

Improving Efficiency and Effectiveness of Multipath Routing in Computer Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state changes. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first technique combining a routing scheme with hardware scheme to save energy consumption in networks. In our evaluation, alternative forwarding reduced energy consumption by 10% on top of a...

Lee, Yong Oh

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

118

User level routing for mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an alternative architecture where routing is implemented in the user level. User level implementation has many benefits, such as ease of implementation, co-existence of multiple protocols, application specific customizations, and ease of deployment. This thesis...

Virk, Navjot

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Optimized supply routing at Dell under non-stationary demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and implementation of an optimization model to manage inventory at Dell's American factories. Specifically, the model is a mixed integer program which makes routing decisions on incoming ...

Foreman, John William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks with Opportunistic Routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the capacity of hybrid wireless networks with opportunistic routing (OR). ... algorithm to exploit high speed data transmissions in infrastructure network through base stations. We then develop...

Tan Le; Yong Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High-throughput routing for multi-hop wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The expected transmission count (ETX) metric is a new route metric for finding high-throughput paths in multi-hop wireless networks. The ETX of a path is the expected total number of packet transmissions (including ...

De Couto, Douglas S. J. (Douglas Seraphim James), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton March 2012 #12;#12;Hamilton Truck and Logistics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario March 2012 mitl.mcmaster.ca #12;#12;McMaster Institute

Haykin, Simon

123

Post-routing redundant via insertion with wire spreading capability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Redundant via insertion is a widely recommended technique to enhance the via yield and reliability. In this paper, the post-routing redundant via insertion problem is transformed to a mixed bipartite-conflict graph matching problem, and an efficient ...

Cheok-Kei Lei; Po-Yi Chiang; Yu-Min Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A method for gridless routing of printed circuit boards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The introduction of fine-line technologies to printed circuit board design and manufacture has stretched most previous automatic routing algorithms to the limit. A different approach designed specifically to meet the present needs is detailed.

A. C. Finch; K. J. Mackenzie; G. J. Balsdon; G. Symonds

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important...

126

Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the scale of electronic devices shrinks, "electronic textiles" (e-textiles) will make possible a wide variety of novel applications which are currently unfeasible. Due to the wearability concerns, low-power techniques are critical for e-textile applications. In this paper, we address the issue of the energy-aware routing for e-textile platforms and propose an efficient algorithm to solve it. The platform we consider consists of dedicated components for e-textiles, including computational modules, dedicated transmission lines and thin-film batteries on fiber substrates. Furthermore, we derive an analytical upper bound for the achievable number of jobs completed over all possible routing strategies. From a practical standpoint, for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher, the routing technique we propose achieves about fifty percent of this analytical upper bound. Moreover, compared to the non-energy-aware counterpart, our routing technique increases the number of encryption jobs completed by one order...

Kao, Jung-Chun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Routing algorithms for large scale wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as power, memory, and CPU processing capabilities. In this thesis, we assume an All to All communication mode in an N ? N grid sensor network. We explore routing algorithms which load balance the network without compromising the shortest paths constrain. We... failed nodes). In static network case, we derived mathematical formulae representing the maximum and minimum loads on a sensor grid, when specific routing strategies are employed. We show improvement in performance in load balancing of the grid by using...

Nittala Venkata, Lakshmana Prasanth

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

128

Synthesis of graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: A schematic showing the overall reduction process of graphite to reduced graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route. - Highlights: Graphene was prepared by diverse routes viz. chemical and electrochemical methods. NaBH{sub 4} was effective for removing oxygen functional groups from graphene oxide. Sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide (SRGO) showed high specific capacitance. Electrochemical rendered a cheap route for production of graphene in powder form. - Abstract: Graphene platelets were synthesized from graphene oxide by chemical and electrochemical route. Under the chemical method, sodium borohydride and hydrazine chloride were used as reductants to produce graphene. In this paper, a novel and cost effective electrochemical method, which can simplify the process of reduction on a larger scale, is demonstrated. The electrochemical method proposed in this paper produces graphene in powder form with good yield. The atomic force microscopic images confirmed that the graphene samples prepared by all the routes have multilayers of graphene. The electrochemical process provided a new route to make relatively larger area graphene sheets, which will have interest for further patterning applications. Attempt was made to quantify the quantum of reduction using cyclic voltammetry and choronopotentiometry techniques on reduced graphene samples. As a measure in reading the specific capacitance values, a maximum specific capacitance value of 265.3 F/g was obtained in sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide.

Ramachandran, Rajendran; Felix, Sathiyanathan [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Joshi, Girish M. [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Raghupathy, Bala P.C., E-mail: balapraveen2000@yahoo.com [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Research and Advanced Engineering Division (Materials), Renault Nissan Technology and Business Center India (P) Ltd., Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Jeong, Soon Kwan, E-mail: jeongsk@kier.re.kr [Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of); Grace, Andrews Nirmala, E-mail: anirmalagrace@vit.ac.in [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Socially-Aware Multi-phase Opportunistic Routing for Distributed Mobile Social Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The work presented in this paper focuses on opportunistic routing in distributed Mobile Social Networks (MSNs). It proposes a novel routing protocol called Socially-Aware Multi-Phase Opportunistic (SAMPhO), where the routing procedure for each message ... Keywords: Mobile social networks, Multi-phase, OMNeT++, Opportunistic routing, Social network discovery, Social ties

Nikolaos Vastardis, Kun Yang, Supeng Leng

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Global-scale flow routing using a source-to-sink algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrological and Earth system models. Hydrographs for somehydrological and Earth system models. FLOW ROUTING [1999

Olivera, Francisco; Famiglietti, James; Asante, Kwabena

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks Bet. In this article, we compare two self-organization and hierarchical rout- ing protocols for ad hoc networks-organization and hierarchical routing in ad hoc networks. keywords: ad hoc networks, hierarchical routing, DHT, comparison

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

132

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY Atsushi Inoie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY NETWORK Atsushi Inoie Doctoral Program of dynamic routing in the Cohen-Kelly network is studied. Intuitively, we expect that adding capacity in which Cohen and Kelly discovered a paradox in static routing. We consider the dy- namic routing problems

Touati, Corinne

133

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch Malik Magdon-Ismail Marios Mavronicolas Roger Wattenhofer§ February 8, 2004 Abstract In hot-potato (deflection) routing, nodes in the network have. Denote by rt the optimal routing time for a given routing problem. We construct the first hot-potato

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

134

QoS routing and rerouting optimisation in cognitive network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The human interventions in the network should be reduced as much as possible to alleviate the network complexity. Through mimicking the cognitive behaviours of human brains, the cognitive network concept is proposed to improve the scalability, self-adaptation, self-organisation, and self-protection of the network. In this paper, based on the cognitive science model, we design the cognitive behaviours for the network nodes to benefit the quality-of-service (QoS) routing and rerouting optimisation. We propose a QoS routing protocol oriented to cognitive network, named as CogRT which addresses the rerouting issue as well. CogRT is a distributed hop-by-hop routing protocol. Inspired by the small-world phenomenon, the experiential route information is collected and stored at each node to benefit the future route selection. We implement and evaluate CogRT in NS2 platform. The results show that CogRT has achieved remarkable performance improvements over the protocols where no cognitive behaviours are exploited.

Xingwei Wang; Hui Cheng; Min Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Robust message routing for mobile (wireless) ad hoc networks.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of research targeting improvements in the robustness of message transport in wireless ad hoc networks. The first section of the report provides an analysis of throughput and latency in the wireless medium access control (MAC) layer and relates the analysis to the commonly used 802.11 protocol. The second section describes enhancements made to several existing models of wireless MAC and ad hoc routing protocols; the models were used in support of the work described in the following section. The third section of the report presents a lightweight transport layer protocol that is superior to TCP for use in wireless networks. In addition, it introduces techniques that improve the performance of any ad hoc source routing protocol. The fourth section presents a novel, highly scalable ad hoc routing protocol that is based on geographic principles but requires no localization hardware.

Goldsby, Michael E.; Johnson, Michael M.; Kilman, Dominique Marie (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Bierbaum, Neal Robert; Chen, Helen Y.; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.; Tsang, Rose P.; Nicol, David M. (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A parallel textured algorithm for optimal routing in data networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is defined as [12]: fiw(j) 2 exf'-(j) (2. 13) 16 where f~(j ) denotes the flow on link (i, k) with destination j, and i, j, k, m E X The basic idea of this formulation is that each node in the network establishes its routing table. The routing table... of Network ORP, f (0), w = 1, 2, . . . ~W~; set l = 1, j = 1 and f (j ) = f (0), w = 1, 2, . . . , ~W~. 29 ( j denotes the number of iterations. ) Step 2: for processor i = lq to l?, do in parallel (2. 1) Compute e; (f(j)), for each m = 1, 2, . . . , (W...

Hsieh, Wen-Lin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon1 2, G. E. H. Duchamp3. Eliasza-Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31-342 Krak´ow, Poland E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon 1 2 , G. E. H. Duchamp. Eliasza­Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31­342 Krak??ow, Poland E­mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Recanati, Catherine

139

Code Pruning in Opportunistic Routing through Bidirectional Coding Traffic Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, Jianxin Wang , Xi Zhang , and Jie Wu Abstract Opportunistic routing (OR, wireless mesh networks. Weiping Wang, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, and Jianxin Wang are with the School-mail: {wpwang, xzchen, mingminglu, jxwang}@csu.edu.cn (see http://netlab.csu.edu.cn). Mingming Lu

Wu, Jie

140

Networks: Simple is the best for dynamic routing of telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... TELECOMMUNICATIONS networks have to choose routes dynamically to make the best use of lines available at ... British Telecom researchers, studied the absolute bounds on capacity determined by the nature of the telecommunications network, and it was while thinking about these problems that they arrived at the ...

Alistair Mees

1986-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion Joshua Zide, Matt University of Delaware Energy Institute #12;Efficiency drives reduced $/W.... http://www.nrel.gov/ncpv/! Shockley-Queisser Limit! *adopted from http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/MSD-full-spectrum-solar

Firestone, Jeremy

142

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense Wireless Sensor Networks Min Chen, Taekyoung Kwon, Shiwen Mao, + Yong Yuan, Victor C.M. Leung* Department of Electrical and Computer@snu.ac.kr Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Auburn University, 200 Broun Hall, Auburn, AL 36849

Chen, Min

143

Sensor network minimal energy routing with latency guarantees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider wireless sensor networks with nodes switching ON (awake) and OFF (sleeping) to preserve energy, and transmitting data over channels with varying quality. The objective is to determine the best path from each node to a single gateway. Performance ... Keywords: energy and resource management, large deviations, latency, routing, sensor networks, sleeping schedule

Wei Lai; Ioannis Ch. Paschalidis

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as- signed spectrum who own the spectrum, e.g. analog TV broadcast stations. Such flexibility means cognitive radios can

Zhao, Ben Y.

145

High Throughput Spectrumaware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Throughput Spectrum­aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as­ signed spectrum. Instead, they identify and use locally unused licensed spectrum while avoiding disruptions to legacy users

Zhao, Ben Y.

146

Distributed Routing, Relay Selection, and Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the existing radio spectrum. Based on the reported evidence that static licensed spectrum allocation results--Throughput maximization is a key challenge in cognitive radio ad hoc networks, where the availability of local spectrum radio networks, dynamic spectrum allocation, routing, cross-layer de- sign. I. INTRODUCTION The need

Melodia, Tommaso

147

Timescale decoupled routing and rate control in intermittently connected networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study an intermittently connected network (ICN) composed of multiple clusters of wireless nodes. Within each cluster, nodes can communicate directly using the wireless links. However, these clusters are far away from each other such that direct communication ... Keywords: back-pressure (BP) routing and rate control, intermittently connected networks (ICNs)

Jung Ryu; Lei Ying; Sanjay Shakkottai

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Vehicle routing and staffing for sedan service - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more efficiently than it could with its former manual scheduling system. ... Sections 3 and 4) and a heuristic local improvement solver (described in detail in Section 5). ..... 3.3 Improving computational performance ...... [7] J. Desrosiers, F. Soumis, and M. Desrochers, Routing with time windows by column generation, Net-.

149

HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Wei Yu, Yan Sun and K. J disruptions in mobile ad hoc networks. Based on the observed behavior and the history record of each node AND BACKGROUND A mobile ad hoc network is a group of mobile nodes without requiring centralized administration

Sun, Yan Lindsay

150

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Yongjun Dai, Changhee Joo prevalent, TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks attracts more attention. The earlier studies on TCP in wireless networks have shown that it performs poorly in ad hoc networks. They tackled the problem

Bahk, Saewoong

151

A Framework for Energy-Aware Routing in Packet Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......adaptive routing algorithm that uses smart packets for QoS-based path finding...a whole router, one can already benefit from just turning links off. The...and `green' systems, such as the Smart Grid, distance learning and E-work......

Erol Gelenbe; Christina Morfopoulou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Backpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weight as the next hop for the packet. Forwarding decision: if wi,j > 0, the packet is forwarded (i.eBackpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari is the following weight computa- tion at a node i for each of its neighbors: wi,j = (Qi,j - V · ETXij) · Rij Here

Gnawali, Omprakash

153

Woodland Route 532 Dump EPA ID#: NJD980505887  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

companies disposed of wastes here from 1956 until the mid-1960s, dumping, burning, and burying drummed Description The Woodland Route 532 Dump site is an inactive chemical waste dump covering about 20 acres along of the treated water back into the aquifer. By January 1991, waste materials were removed and disposed

154

A sequential GRASP for the therapist routing and scheduling problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new model and solution methodology for the problem faced by companies that provide rehabilitative services to clinic and home-bound patients. Given a set of multi-skilled therapists and a group of geographically dispersed patients, ... Keywords: GRASP, Home healthcare, Midterm scheduling, Overtime, Therapist routing, m-TSP

Jonathan F. Bard; Yufen Shao; Ahmad I. Jarrah

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Optical Networking and Impairments, Routing and Path Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PCE in multi-bit rate 10-100 Gb/s WSON with experimental demonstration N. Sambo, G. Meloni, F PCE based approaches providing separate or joint computation of impairments and RWA OThAA6 Impairment-route. #12;Code Title Author/Affiliation Topic OThI3 GMPLS/PCE/OBST Architectures for Guaranteed Sub

California at Davis, University of

156

A Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tasks arbitrarily distributed in a plane, to each task is assigned a servicing cost, each vehicle with arbi- trary execution cost and vehicles with different task exe- cution speeds. We provide upperA Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems Mauro Franceschelli Daniele

Bullo, Francesco

157

Energy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. Each node in the network is assumed to have a fixed level a broadcast tree such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. We first prove that the problemEnergy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Deying Li, Xiaohua Jia

Jia, Xiaohua

158

Semantic Web-Based Management of Routing Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, network operators typically reason about network behaviour by observing the effects of a particular configuration in operation. This configuration process typically involves logging configuration changes and rolling back to a previous version ... Keywords: BGP, Conflict detection, Network management, Policy languages, Routing policy, Semantic web

Flix J. Garca Clemente; Jose M. Alcaraz Calero; Jorge Bernal Bernab; Juan Manuel Marn Prez; Gregorio Martnez Prez; Antonio F. Gmez Skarmeta

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM BSU Policy 1030 requires original copies of all contracts meeting certain criteria to be housed in the Archive Library. This form must accompany ALL Contracts submitted to the Office of the General Counsel. Please

Barrash, Warren

160

Secure and robust multipath routings for advanced metering infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Smart Grid is the modernization of the electricity grid using communication technology with the prime goals of reducing energy consumption as well as cost increasing reliability and creating new services for all participants. It comprises key components ... Keywords: Advanced Metering Infrastructure, Last-mile access, Multipath routing protocols, Security, Smart grid, Wireless mesh network

Binod Vaidya; Dimitrios Makrakis; Hussein Mouftah

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Technology Mapping Targeting Routing Congestion under Delay Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Technology Mapping Targeting Routing Congestion under Delay Constraints Rupesh S. Shelar, Member a serious concern in today's VLSI designs. To address the same, we propose a technology mapping algorithm in a 100 nm technology show that the algorithm can improve track overflows by 59%, on an average

Sapatnekar, Sachin

162

Hamilton-Oxford METRO stops along the route are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamilton-Oxford Metro METRO stops along the route are marked with red and white Metro signs. For safety reasons, bus drivers may only pick-up and drop-off at designated bus stops. At Miami Hamilton of University Hall. OUTBOUND BUS STOPS Miami University Hamilton Campus Harry T. Wilks Conference Center

Dollar, Anna

163

Timing-driven routing for symmetrical array-based FPGAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a timing-driven router for symmetrical array-based FPGAs. The routing resources in the FPGAs consist of segments of various lengths. Researchers have shown that the number of segments, instead of wirelength, used by a net is ... Keywords: computer-aided design of VLSI, field-programmable gate array, layout, synthesis

Yao-Wen Chang; Kai Zhu; D. F. Wong

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Mercurial Route to a Cobalt Dihydrogen Complex  

SciTech Connect

Recent results by Heinekey and co-workers provide evidence for an unusual route to a cobalt dihydrogen complex. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Bullock, R. Morris

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation Invited Paper Bow-Nan Cheng of Nevada - Reno yuksem@cse.unr.edu Shivkumar Kalyanaraman ECSE Department Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute lines orthogonal to each other at each node, it is possible to provide over 98% connectivity while

Yuksel, Murat

166

.Zonal Rumor Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks Tarun Banka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Jayasumana Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering anura@engr.colostate.edu Colorado algorithms have been developed for sensor networks. Routing algorithms that flood the network with events in network broadcast, is more efficient than the flooding scheme in terms of traffic generated for query

Jayasumana, Anura P.

167

Wet climate and transportation routes accelerate spread of human plague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...provides new insights on transmission patterns and possible...behind variability in transmission speed, with implications...plague pandemic|spread route|spread velocity...facilitated spatial transmission of infectious diseases...in circles or along lines away from the central...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

GRPlacer: improving routability and wire-length of global routing with circuit replacement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Placement profoundly impacts physical design owing to its role in determining the lower bound of a circuit wirelength, as well as the circuit routability. To close the gap between placement and routing, this study integrates global routing and placement ...

Ke-Ren Dai; Chien-Hung Lu; Yih-Lang Li

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability of Viscoelastic Poiseuille Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability generic route to melt fracture via a weakly nonlinear subcritical instability of viscoelastic Poiseuille ``subcritical'') instability due to normal stress effects; this instability appears to make melt fracture

van Saarloos, Wim

170

A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples Authors: Zhao, Z., Yan, H., and Liu, Y. Title: A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples...

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive routing strategy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

strategy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Adaptive Cell-Relay Routing Protocol for Mobile ad hoc Networks Summary: . Our ACR protocol can adapt the routing strategy for networks...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - ad hoc routing Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

routing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ad hoc routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Sum-of-Sinusoid channel models for wireless...

173

A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new physically based runoff routing model, called the Model for Scale Adaptive River Transport (MOSART), has been developed to be applicable across local, regional, and global scales. Within each spatial unit, surface runoff is first routed ...

Hongyi Li; Mark S. Wigmosta; Huan Wu; Maoyi Huang; Yinghai Ke; Andr M. Coleman; L. Ruby Leung

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc routing problem Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: arc routing problem Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GIS by ESRITM What is ArcGIS Summary: allocation) Solving complex routing problems Querying...

175

Landmarks in OpenLS --A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landmarks in OpenLS -- A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions Stefan Hansen1 ergonomic route directions in this article. They try to reduce the cognitive load for the travelers ergonomic route directions. In M. Raubal, H. Miller, A. U. Frank, & M. F. Goodchild (Eds.), GIScience

Bremen, Universität

176

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless scheduling, routing and power control that achieves max-min fair rate allocation in a multi-hop wireless that a traditional layering network approach, separating routing, scheduling, flow and power control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global , Yanheng Zhang3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measured at the edges of global routing grids but also minimize the total wirelength and via usage, which1 FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global router Min Pan1 , Yue Xu2 , Yanheng Zhang3--Modern large-scale circuit designs have created great demand for fast and high-quality global routing

Chu, Chris C.-N.

178

A New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% reduction in the total channel density compared to the Timberwolf 4.2 package. Keywords: Global routingA New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Jason Cong Department of Computer Science for standard cell global routing. The algorithm considers all of the interconnection nets simultaneously

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

179

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks Jaehoon Jeong- bile nodes in IPv6 mobile network to perform route optimization. The route optimization is possible because mobile router provides the prefix of its care-of address for its mobile nodes by playing the role

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

180

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks opportunistic spectrum access and dynamic routing algorithm for cognitive radio networks is proposed, called Keywords Cognitive Radio Networks, routing, dynamic spectrum allocation, cross-layer design 1. INTRODUCTION

Melodia, Tommaso

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Design of Bandwidth Aware and Congestion Avoiding Efficient Routing Algorithms for Networks-on-Chip Platforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate that it is possible to design highly efficient application specific routing algorithms which distribute traffic more uniformly by using information regarding applications communication behavior (communication topology and ... Keywords: Network on Chip, Routing Algorithm, Router Design, Deadlock, Application Specific Routing, Congestion.

Maurizio Palesi; Giuseppe Longo; Salvatore Signorino; Rickard Holsmark; Shashi Kumar; Vincenzo Catania

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Venugopalan Ramasubramanian@ece.cornell.edu, egs@cs.cornell.edu} ABSTRACT A central challenge in ad hoc networks is the design of rout- ing--Routing Protocols General Terms Design, Performance Keywords Hybrid, Adaptive, Ad Hoc Networks This work

Keinan, Alon

183

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Ang Li Dept. of Computer Science Duke University the design and evaluation of SafeGuard, an intra-domain routing system that can safely forward packets to their destinations even when routes are changing. SafeGuard is based on the simple idea that packets carry

Yang, Xiaowei

184

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks D. P. Griffin Institute of Computer, these parameters and subsequently the routes based on them can be configured on-line by a management system and Routing management system is required to take advantage of the features of VPCs while ensuring

Griffin, David

185

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Yuzhen is of paramount importance. Energy-efficient routing trees built for in-network pro- cessing play a central role multiple routing trees in sensor networks for the evaluation of a class of aggre- gate queries including

Liang, Weifa

186

A Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to re-establish broken routes. Thus, a considerable global energy gain can be achieved by minimizing. The choice of the primary route in MEA-DSR is conditioned by two factors: 1) the residual energy of nodesA Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks S. Chettibi

Boyer, Edmond

187

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1 Fabio Silva, John be accommodated with the same Network Routing API. An earlier version of this API was used by both network routing of this document describes the current API as used by the SCADDS implemen- tation. In addition to the Publish

Heidemann, John

188

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch Rensselaer that matches the lower bound (C + D). Motivated from optical networks, we study the extreme case of hot-potato routing in which the nodes are bufferless. In hot-potato routing, packets may be unable to follow

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

189

A Hardware Multicast Routing Algorithm for TwoDimensional Prasant Mohapatra and Vara Varavithya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by their inclusion in the message pass­ ing interface (MPI) standards [3]. Examples of collec­ tive operationsA Hardware Multicast Routing Algorithm for Two­Dimensional Meshes Prasant Mohapatra and Vara routing algorithm for two­dimensional meshes. The algorithm uses worm­ hole routing mechanism and can send

Mohapatra, Prasant

190

Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks Neyre into shortest-path based energy-efficient routing alternatives to provide a reference for system designers. Next, a detailed account of energy-efficient unicast routing alternatives, with a particular focus

Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

191

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms for their imple- mentation. We of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on-demand ad

192

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi the necessary features of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms the performance of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on

Brown, Timothy X.

193

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

194

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

195

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

196

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

197

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

198

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

199

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

200

Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate optimal routing and scheduling strategies for multi-hop wireless networks with rateless codes. Rateless codes allow each node of the network to accumulate mutual information with every packet transmission. This enables a significant performance gain over conventional shortest path routing. Further, it also outperforms cooperative communication techniques that are based on energy accumulation. However, it creates complex and combinatorial networking decisions concerning which nodes participate in transmission, and which decode ordering to use. We formulate the general problem as a combinatorial optimization problem and then make use of several structural properties to simplify the solution and derive an optimal greedy algorithm. Although the reduced problem still has exponential complexity, using the insight obtained from the optimal solution to a line network, we propose two simple heuristics that can be implemented in polynomial time in a distributed fashion and compare them with the optimal s...

Urgaonkar, Rahul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Route to, and control of chaos in multidimensional systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 1999 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering ROUTE TO, AND CONTROL OF CHAOS IN MULTIDIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS A Thesis by KARIM SHAFIK ZAKI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Sherif Noa (Chair of Committee) Prabir Daripa (Member) Arun Srinivasa (Member) S ada Jayasuria (Head of Department) December 1999 Major Subject: Mechanical...

Zaki, Karim Shafik

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Route of Early Nutrition in Critical Illness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ill patients without contraindications to either route of delivery. This trial, commissioned and sponsored by the Health Technology Assessment Program of the National Institute for Health Research, was pragmatic in design and conduct. To maximize the detection of differences between groups, investigators... Randomized trials may be broadly categorized as explanatory or pragmatic. Explanatory trials address the question, ``Can this intervention work under ideal conditions? Pragmatic trials ask, ``Does this intervention work under usual conditions?'' Usual ...

Cook D.; Arabi Y.

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

203

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

204

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Wednesday, 29 August 2012 00:00 Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

205

A Distributed Coverage-Preserving Multipath Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks Vijay Ponduru, Dipak Ghosal, and Biswanath Mukherjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime of routes-selection algorithms. Several routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime is sparse, coverage needs to be preserved by using energy-efficient route-selection algorithms. Several

Ghosal, Dipak

206

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer, based on the intrado- main path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influ- ence of hot-potato routing, we conduct controlled

Zhou, Yuanyuan

207

Development of a cell-based stream flow routing model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. (1994) developed a 2.00x2.50 resolution river routing model for a number of World Rivers, coupled with an atmospheric-ocean model. The GCM of NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) (Hansen et al., 1983) was used to calculate the runoff... resolution of 2.00 X 2.50 using the coarse river network developed by Miller et al. (1994). Input to each of the grid cell was derived from the improved GISS GCM (Hansen et al., 1983), which improved the model prediction of discharge. Costa and Foley (1997...

Raina, Rajeev

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

Routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the various routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs, obtained through pumping an ultra-high Q-factor whispering-gallery mode resonator with a continuous-wave laser. The LugiatoLefever model is used to build bifurcation diagrams with regards to the parameters that are externally controllable, namely, the frequency and the power of the pumping laser. We show that the spatiotemporal chaos emerging from Turing patterns and solitons display distinctive dynamical features. Experimental spectra of chaotic Kerr combs are also presented for both cases, in excellent agreement with theoretical spectra.

Coillet, Aurlien; Chembo, Yanne K., E-mail: yanne.chembo@femto-st.fr [Optics Department, FEMTO-ST Institute CNRS UMR6174, 16 Route de Gray, 25030 Besanon cedex (France)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area 4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct an access road on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, from State Route 240 to Beloit Avenue in the 200 West Area. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Finding of No Significant Impact Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Final Environmental Assessment Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site,

210

Routing approach based on rate of transmission failure in ZigBee networks with changing mobility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose and evaluate a Transmission Failure Based Routing Algorithm (TFBRA) for low power consumption in ZigBee networks with changing mobility. We analyse the traffic with different routing algorithms which are stated in ZigBee specification. The effects of different factors on data communication are discussed. As the variation of mobility results in changing possibility of sending routing request as well as varying routing performance, the probability of transmission failure in one hop is used to describe node mobility. The TFBRA compares this rate with the threshold which is computed based on hardware condition to decide the routing scheme in ZigBee network. The scheme utilises the information in neighbour table and network address for mobility estimation without any extra communication. The simulation results show that the proposed approach achieves better performance than original routing schemes in ZigBee specification by obtaining lower network load and larger ratio of successful data transmission.

Jiasong Mu; Baoju Zhang; Wei Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Titre : Aide visuelle pour la prvention des sorties de route Date : 15/12/2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sorties de route partenaire ARCOS Fichier : 8 pages Projet G2 $LGH 9LVXHOOH SRXU OD 3UpYHQWLRQ GHV 6RUWLHV, Stéphane Espié (INRETS, Arcueil) #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUp URXWH #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUpYHQWLRQ GHV VRUWLHV GH URXWH

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - air route traffic control centers Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

routing algorithms for traffic classes that require... mechanisms such as congestion control and scheduling, we develop ... Source: Carnegie Mellon University, School of...

213

Energy Efficient Routing and Spectrum Assignment With Regenerator Placement in Elastic Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a dynamic energy efficient routing and spectrum assignment algorithm with regenerator placement (RP) capability for elastic optical networks. In this...

Fallahpour, Ahmad; Beyranvand, Hamzeh; Nezamalhosseini, S Alireza; Salehi, Jawad A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative route designations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Multipath Routing in Ad Hoc Networks An-I Andy Wang Geoffrey H. Kuenning Peter Reiher Summary: is initiated....

215

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan Mobile & Internet Systems Laboratory, University College Cork, Ireland Email: {a.barroso u

Sreenan, Cormac J.

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - aware routing protocol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Morteza Maleki, Karthik Dantu... the network lifetime. Simulation results show that the proposed power-aware source routing protocol has... . The...

217

A multipath routeless routing protocol with an efficient location update mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce and evaluate an efficient multipath 'routeless' routing (MRR) protocol. MRR is a form of beaconless geographic routing protocol, and uses a simple location update mechanism to achieve high throughput with few retransmissions. Unlike the standard beaconless routing (BLR) protocol, our main point of comparison, our protocol constructs a single forwarding area to identify nodes between the source and destination. This forwarding area is a rectangular area shape with enough width to allow multiple routes. Promising simulation results show that our protocol outperforms the standard BLR approach with respect to energy consumption, packet delivery ratio, and the average number of hops.

Mohammad Al-Otaibi; Hamdy Soliman; Jun Zheng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Congestion protection for public transportation : strategies and application to MBTA bus route 66.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Protecting transit routes from congestion is necessary for improving performance and reliability of bus service. Different congestion protection strategies that have been used across the (more)

Boll, Christopher Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

220

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

222

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

223

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

224

Vehicle routing for the last mile of power system restoration  

SciTech Connect

This paper studied a novel problem in power system restoration: the Power Restoration Vehicle Routing Problem (PRVRP). The goal of PRVRPs is to decide how coordinate repair crews effectively in order to recover from blackouts as fast as possible after a disaster has occurred. PRVRPs are complex problems that combine vehicle routing and power restoration scheduling problems. The paper proposed a multi-stage optimization algorithm based on the idea of constraint injection that meets the aggressive runtime constraints necessary for disaster recovery. The algorithms were validated on benchmarks produced by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, using the infrastructure of the United States. The disaster scenarios were generated by state-of-the-art hurricane simulation tools similar to those used by the National Hurricane Center. Experimental results show that the constraint-injection algorithms can reduce the blackouts by 50% or more over field practices. Moreover, the results show that the constraint-injection algorithm using large neighborhood search over a blackbox simulator provide competitive quality and scales better than using a MIP solver on the subproblems.

Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coffrin, Carleton [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Hentenryck, Pascal [BROWN UNIV.

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

226

Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

product maritime inventory routing problem is addressed in this paper by exploring the use of continuous formulation based on a discrete time representation for vacuum gas oil routing and inventory management. Song Yongheng1,2 and Ignacio E. Grossmann3 1 Institute of Process Control Eng., Department of Automation

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

227

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1 , Dario Landa-Silva1 and Rong Qu1 1Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Employee Scheduling, Workforce Optimization, Personnel Routing

Qu, Rong

228

Social Welfare Based Routing in Ad hoc Networks Mingming Lu and Jie Wu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is to save energy. Existing energy-efficient routing protocols save energy by selecting the lowest energy cost route. However, energy saving is not equal to energy efficiency. Consider a large number, and hence most packets transmitted through this path are lost, it is energy waste rather than energy saving

Wu, Jie

229

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu Cadence Design Systems, Inc issue. We call the proposed algorithm for routing congestion minimization IPR (Integrated Placement to integrate them efficiently and effectively. Experimental results show that IPR reduces overflow by 36

Chu, Chris C.-N.

230

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks Evangelos Kranakis Ladislav Stacho of an ad-hoc network in order to provide for ef- ficient information dissemination. We explore several new and route discovery in ad-hoc networks. 1 Challenges in Ad-Hoc Networking The current rapid growth

Kranakis, Evangelos

231

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks ad hoc networks. In this paper, we study the important problem of joint routing and server selection for MD video in ad hoc networks. We take a cross-layer approach to formulate the task as a combinatorial

Hou, Y. Thomas

232

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks Megha Goel1 and M´ark F self-organizing ad-hoc networks can be used to provide the short messaging service, at a much lower of ad- hoc network routing in which mobile nodes are allowed to relay in place of static nodes. We

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

233

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Suyang Ju Submitted to the graduate degree program in Electrical Engineering & Computer Science and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas School...: Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Dissertation Committee: _____________________________________ Dr. Joseph B. Evans, Advisor Professor, EECS _____________________________________ Dr. Victor Frost...

Ju, Suyang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks Yih-Chun Hu a University, Houston, TX 77005, USA Abstract An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

235

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Katia.runser, jean-marie.gorce@insa-lyon.fr Abstract--Wireless ad hoc networks are seldom characterized by one single. Instead, we address this problem by proposing a new modeling framework for routing in ad hoc networks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Endpoint-Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to guarantee good end-to-end performance in the future Internet. We believe that the contributionsEndpoint-Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience Aditya Akella, of any sponsoring institution, the U.S. government or any other entity. #12;Keywords: Internet routing

237

EndpointBased Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to guarantee good end­to­end performance in the future Internet. We believe that the contributionsEndpoint­Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience Aditya Akella, of any sponsoring institution, the U.S. government or any other entity. #12; Keywords: Internet routing

Akella, Aditya

238

ISPD 2014 benchmarks with sub-45nm technology rules for detailed-routing-driven placement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The public release of realistic industrial placement benchmarks by IBM and Intel Corporations from 1998--2013 has been crucial to the progress in physical-design algorithms during those years. Direct comparisons of academic tools on these test cases, ... Keywords: detailed routing, global routing, placement, placement evaluation, routability

Vladimir Yutsis; Ismail S. Bustany; David Chinnery; Joseph R. Shinnerl; Wen-Hao Liu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework Patrick Research Program, grant ARP-003 1 #12;Abstract The inventory routing problem considered in this paper is concerned with the repeated distribution of a commodity, such as heating oil, over a long period of time

Jaillet, Patrick

240

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo Department@ece.ucdavis.edu, Abstract: This paper discusses important signal processing functions in all-optical packet routing systems. We will pay special attention to all-optical time-to-live, optical performance monitoring, optical

Kolner, Brian H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1: Incremental forward for biofuels and their associated technologies. We seek to: � Highlight policy incentives that encourage certain types of biofuel innovation. � Spotlight the distinctions between the routes in terms

California at Davis, University of

242

Comparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These protocols are tested predominately using software simulation. Very few implementations have demonstratedComparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed Shweta Bhandare (DSR) protocol and our Energy Aware Dynamic Source Routing protocol (EADSR). The implementation

Brown, Timothy X.

243

Redundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Massachusetts, Amherst lgao@ecs.umass.edu Abstract--Network load is reduced upon eliminationRedundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources Yang Song University of Massachusetts, Amherst (identified using a redundancy profile) onto common links. Constructing redundancy-aware routes is challenging

Gao, Lixin

244

ASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES TOOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES ­ THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES TOOL Pradel M., Reverdy, A.L. ORBIT2012 1 Assessing GHG emissions from sludge treatment and disposal. These different disposal routes as well as the sludge treatments produce greenhouse gases (GHG). To help

Boyer, Edmond

245

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (a) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time windowAuthor's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark College of Engineering and Computer Science, PO Box 0751, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207

Bertini, Robert L.

246

Modeling and Solving Location Routing and Scheduling Problems R.T. Berger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

potentially overestimate the number of vehicles required and the associated distribution cost. In many cases, construct a set of delivery routes, and assign routes to vehicles in such a way as to minimize total cost-objective LRSP in which they seek to balance total cost, total vehicle time, and total vehicle load. They test

Ralphs, Ted

247

Centralized Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks with Ultra Low Duty Cycle to Achieve Maximum Lifetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

needs no packet flooding for routing recovery and it also solves high energy consumption caused of routing recovery. We verified WRP's performance through extensive simulation and it showed WRP can operations and its simulation result in section IV. Section V concludes our paper. II. ISSUES FOR ULTRA LOW

Bahk, Saewoong

248

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks Nathalie geographic locations. We propose HECTOR, a hybrid energy efficient tree-based optimized routing protocol, based on two sets of virtual coordinates. One set is based on rooted tree coordinates, and the other

Stojmenovic, Ivan

249

On the Cost/Delay Tradeoff of Wireless Delay Tolerant Geographic Routing Argyrios G. Tasiopoulos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Cost/Delay Tradeoff of Wireless Delay Tolerant Geographic Routing Argyrios G. Tasiopoulos transport cost of a packet and the delay in its delivery. We study this tradeoff in the context of geographical routing in wireless DTNs. We first specify the optimal cost/delay tradeoff, i.e., the tradeoff

Glinz, Martin

250

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount $  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount. Routing Sheet must be signed by department. Contract (brief description of scope) Board approval required? Yes No Meeting date Board Item # Note, BOR approval is required if contract is greater than $500

Westfall, Peter H.

251

A Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- mated electric meter reading and the smart grid. Companies in the network industry such as CiscoA Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation Nicolas Tsiftes a framework for simulation, experimentation, and evaluation of routing mechanisms for low-power IPv6

Dunkels, Adam

252

A precomputation-based scheme for qos routing and fair bandwidth allocation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a precomputation-based scheme offering Pareto optimal solutions to the network optimization problem. This scheme precomputes bandwidth allocation (rate vector) and end-to-end paths with QoS guarantees. It prepares a routing database, identifying ... Keywords: QoS routing, communication networks, proportional fairness

Chia-Hung Wang; Hsing Luh

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption will unavoidably become an important consideration for the AGV systems. The primary objective the energy, aiming to minimize energy consumption of the vehicles during routing. As the energy resource, to account for the energy consumption, we formulate a basic energy model for AGV routing, and the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

254

An EnergyEfficient Algorithm For ConflictFree AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption will unavoidably become an important consideration for the AGV systems. The primary objective the energy, aiming to minimize energy consumption of the vehicles during routing. As the energy resource, to account for the energy consumption, we formulate a basic energy model for AGV routing, and the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

255

Power Driven Routing Using a Genetic Algorithm B. M. Goni, T. Arslan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-the-cell and channel optimisation in a single channel routing domain will provide an effective framework for area/energy, energy losses in the interconnections of such circuits have become significant [1]. In the light of this. The results of this detailed routing has a strong influence on the fabrication yield and production costs

Arslan, Tughrul

256

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies with n nodes. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic

Mavronicolas, Marios

257

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic and one

Magdon-Ismail, Malik

258

Final Accepted Version Collision risk-capacity tradeoff analysis of an en-route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Final Accepted Version Collision risk-capacity tradeoff analysis of an en-route corridor model YE-route corridor. This paper analyzes the collision risk-capacity tradeoff using combined discrete variables can improve the rate and stability of the corridor with low risks of loss of separation. Keywords

259

Work domain analysis and ecological interface for the vehicle routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work domain analysis and ecological interface for the vehicle routing problem Bernat Gacias: Decision support systems, vehicle routing problem, ecological interface design. 1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, F-31058 Toulouse, France Abstract: In this paper, we propose a work domain analysis for the vehicle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable Energy the performance of multihop radio networks in the presence of energy constraints, and design routing algorithms to optimally utilize the available energy. The energy model allows vastly different energy sources

Srikant, Rayadurgam

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms, design principles and evaluation methods for cost function based routing algorithms. Two energy aware small changes in nodal remaining energy to large changes in the function value. For DCFR, its cost

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

262

A Case for Bufferless Routing in On-Chip Networks Thomas Moscibroda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant energy, occupy chip area, and increase design complexity. In this paper, we make a case for a new or flow control. We describe new algorithms for routing without using buffers in router input/output ports that rout- ing without buffers significantly reduces the energy consumption of the on-chip cache

263

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Kai Zengt- efficient routing protocols are requisite for the WSN appli- cations. In this paper, we study energy-efficient efficient than the corresponding residual energy based protocols without considering the property

Hou, Y. Thomas

264

An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How to Make a Splash How to Make a Splash Pressure-Tuning the Quantum Phase Transition in a Model 2-D Magnet Reappearing Superconductivity Surprises Scientists Manipulating Genes with Hidden TALENs A New Discovery Answers an Old Question Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity MAY 16, 2012 Bookmark and Share Left side: The charge order configuration [after "N. Ikeda et al., Nature 436, 1136 (2005)"] with polar bilayers previously assumed for LuFe2O4. Right side: The refined LuFe2O4 monoclinic crystal structure containing charged bilayers. For both configurations, the Fe atoms are arranged in Fe/O bilayers separated by Lu single layers. The different Fe valances are

265

2 - Radioactive waste (RAW) categories, characterization and processing route selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The principal approach to radioactive waste management is to transform as generated waste to a waste package suitable for safe long-term storage or ultimate disposal. A waste characterization system allows an assessment of the potential risks connected with waste handling and disposal and also allows the waste to be classified into groups (streams) according to their properties and projected processing routes. A properly selected waste classification system also enables the selection of the proper processing technology for each class of waste, tailored to waste volume, properties and available technologies in each country or waste processing organization. Long-term safe disposal of processed waste is a basic requirement of all waste classification and waste processing schemes discussed in this chapter.

R. Burcl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Simulations of all electric vehicles on fixed routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains the design, the implementation and the preliminary experimentation of a simulation framework for investigating the effectiveness of battery powered vehicles under the assumption that they follow a route which is either predefined or its basic characteristics can be obtained at almost real time. In particular we would like to investigate the feasibility of all electric, battery only powered vehicles whose batteries are charged at appropriately located renewable energy sources. We have developed our web based, open software simulation platform by utilising and extending GridLAB-D, a power system modelling and simulation environment, and by incorporating data from various sources. Results from preliminary simulations of real life scenarios are presented and analysed.

Rafik Fainti; Antonia Nasiakou; Eleftherios Tsoukalas; Manolis Vavalis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

EIA cites importance of key world shipping routes  

SciTech Connect

A disruption of crude oil or products shipments through any of six world chokepoints would cause a spike in oil prices, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) warns. The strategic importance of each major shipping lane varies because of differing oil volumes and access to other transportation routes. But nearly half of the 66 million b/d of oil consumed worldwide flows through one or more of these key tanker routes, involving: 14 million b/d through the Strait of Hormuz from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea; 7 million b/d through the Strait of Malacca from the northern Indian Ocean into the South China Sea and Pacific Ocean; 1.6 million b/d through the Bosporus from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 900,000 b/d through the Suez Canal from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 600,000 b/d through Rotterdam Harbor from the North Sea to Dutch and German refineries on or near the Rhine River; and 500,000 b/d through the Panama Canal from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea. In today's highly interdependent oil markets, the mere perception of less secure oil supplies is enough to boost oil prices, EIA said. Growing oil and product tanker traffic is increasing the likelihood of supply disruptions through oil arteries because of bad weather, tanker collisions, or acts of piracy, terrorism, or war. What's more, the increasing age of the world tanker fleet and dependability of navigational equipment could increase chances of accidents and, therefore, oil supply disruptions.

Not Available

1994-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

268

UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/6/6c/Char Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Screenshot References: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development[1] Logo: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development

269

Trust routing algorithm based on multiple decision factor theory in OSPF protocol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel trust model based on multiple decision factor theory (MDFT) and a trust routing algorithm based on MDFT to exactly evaluate routing node trust and establish a trustworthy routing path. MDFT integrates four dimensional trust decision factors including behavior, state, recommend and node liveness to realize an exactly finer-grained trust evaluation. On the basis of MDFT, a trust routing algorithm is presented and validated in open shortest path first (OSPF) protocol. Simulation results show that the algorithm can reflect the routing node trust accurately and has better dynamic response ability. Under the circumstance of existing deceptive nodes, the algorithm has better anti-deception performance and higher attack node detection rate than conventional algorithm.

Ting HAN; Shou-shan LUO; Hong-liang ZHU; Yang XIN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fault-tolerant Routing for Irregular Faulty Patterns in 2D-Mesh without Virtual Savio S.H. Tse, Jipeng Zhou, and Francis C.M. Lau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. One disadvantage of wormhole routing relative to store-and-forward routing is that it tends to support. Fukushima et al. [7] proposed a routing control algorithm for non-virtual channel router of irregular 2D

Lau, Francis C.M.

271

Lessons Learned from a Regional Approach to Route Selection for Spent Nuclear Fuel Shipments to Yucca Mountain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwestern Route Identification Project Midwestern Route Identification Project Sarah K. Wochos Policy Analyst Council of State Governments - Midwest Approach Why Regional? * States need to know the routes as soon as possible * Regions develop and use the criteria that is important to them * States have a better feel for routes that run through their jurisdictions * States felt that EIS routes were a poor starting point for discussions * Regional framework has worked well on other issues Why a Suite of Routes? * Better variety and thus perhaps better security? * Flexibility during construction, bad weather or special events * Inevitable further winnowing through national discussion Methodology Primary Factors - from U.S. DOT's Guidelines for Selecting Preferred Highway Routes for Highway Route Controlled Shipments of Radioactive Materials

272

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid Jafarkhani  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid,xiaolonl,hyousefi,hamidj]@uci.edu Abstract--In this paper, we present UAV-aided Cross-Layer Routing Protocol (UCLR) that aims at improving the routing performance of a ground MANET network with aid from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The UAV

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

273

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin, a router selects the one with the closest egress point, based on the intradomain path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influence of hot-potato

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

274

Low-Temperature Synthesis Routes to Intermetallic Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Over the past few years, our group has gained expertise at developing low-temperature solution-based synthetic pathways to complex nanoscale solids, with particular emphasis on nanocrystalline intermetallic compounds. Our synthetic capabilities are providing tools to reproducibly generate intermetallic nanostructures with simultaneous control over crystal structure, composition, and morphology. This DOE-funded project aims to expand these capabilities to intermetallic superconductors. This could represent an important addition to the tools that are available for the synthesis and processing of intermetallic superconductors, which traditionally utilize high-temperature, high-pressure, thin film, or gas-phase vacuum deposition methods. Our current knowledge of intermetallic superconductors suggests that significant enhancements could result from the inherent benefits of low-temperature solution synthesis, e.g. metastable phase formation, control over nanoscale morphology to facilitate size-dependent property studies, robust and inexpensive processability, low-temperature annealing and consolidation, and impurity incorporation (for doping, stoichiometry control, flux pinning, and improving the critical fields). Our focus is on understanding the superconducting properties as a function of synthetic route, crystal structure, crystallite size, and morphology, and developing the synthetic tools necessary to accomplish this. This research program can currently be divided into two classes of superconducting materials: intermetallics (transition metal/post transition metal) and metal carbides/borides. Both involve the development and exploitation of low-temperature synthesis routes followed by detailed characterization of structures and properties, with the goal of understanding how the synthetic pathways influence key superconducting properties of selected target materials. Because of the low-temperature methods used to synthesize them and the nanocrystalline morphologies of many of the products, the superconductors and their nanocrystalline precursors are potentially amenable to inexpensive and large-scale solution-based processing into wires, coatings, films, and templated or patterned structures with nanoscale and microscale features. Also, because of the new synthetic variables that play a key role in the low-temperature formation of intermetallics, the possibility exists to discover new superconductors.

Schaak, Raymond E

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

All-optical routing of single photons with multiple input and output ports by interferences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a waveguide-cavity coupled system to achieve the routing of photons by the phases of other photons. Our router has four input ports and four output ports. The transport of the coherent-state photons injected through any input port can be controlled by the phases of the coherent-state photons injected through other input ports. This control can be achieved when the mean numbers of the routed and control photons are small enough and require no additional control fields. Therefore, the all-optical routing of photons can be achieved at the single-photon level.

Wei-Bin Yan; Bao Liu; Ling Zhou; Heng Fan

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Connectivity-Enhanced Route Selection and Adaptive Control for the Chevrolet Volt: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and General Motors evaluated connectivity-enabled efficiency enhancements for the Chevrolet Volt. A high-level model was developed to predict vehicle fuel and electricity consumption based on driving characteristics and vehicle state inputs. These techniques were leveraged to optimize energy efficiency via green routing and intelligent control mode scheduling, which were evaluated using prospective driving routes between tens of thousands of real-world origin/destination pairs. The overall energy savings potential of green routing and intelligent mode scheduling was estimated at 5% and 3% respectively. These represent substantial opportunities considering that they only require software adjustments to implement.

Gonder, J.; Wood, E.; Rajagopalan, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nanoparticle toxicity by the gastrointestinal route: evidence and knowledge gaps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing interest in nanoparticles for advanced technologies, consumer products, and biomedical applications has led to great excitement about potential benefits but also concern over the potential for adverse human health effects. The gastrointestinal tract represents a likely route of entry for many nanomaterials, both directly through intentional ingestion or indirectly via nanoparticle dissolution from food containers or by secondary ingestion of inhaled particles. Additionally, increased utilisation of nanoparticles may lead to increased environmental contamination and unintentional ingestion via water, food animals, or fish. The gastrointestinal tract is a site of complex, symbiotic interactions between host cells and the resident microbiome. Accordingly, evaluation of nanoparticles must take into consideration not only absorption and extraintestinal organ accumulation but also the potential for altered gut microbes and the effects of this perturbation on the host. The existing literature was evaluated for evidence of toxicity based on these considerations. Focus was placed on three categories of nanomaterials: nanometals and metal oxides, carbon-based nanoparticles, and polymer/dendrimers with emphasis on those particles of greatest relevance to gastrointestinal exposures.

Ingrid L. Bergin; Frank A. Witzmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

ROUTING IN TIME-DEPENDENT AND LABELED NETWORKS  

SciTech Connect

We study routing problems in time-dependent and edge and/or vertex-labeled transportation networks. Labels allow one to express a number of discrete properties of the edges and nodes. The main focus is a unified algorithm that efficiently solves a number of seemingly unrelated problems in transportation science. Experimental data gained from modeling practical situations suggest that the formalism allows interesting compromises between the conflicting goals of generality and efficiency. 1. We use edge/vertex labels in the framework of Formal Language Constrained Path Problems to handle discrete choice constraints. The label set is usually small and does not depend on the graph. Edge labels induct! path labels, which allows us to impose feasibility constraints on the set of paths considered as shortest path candidates. Second, we propose monotonic piecewise-linear traversal functions to represent the time-dependent aspect of link delays. The applications that can be modeled include scheduled transit and time-windows. 3. Third, we combine the above models and capture a variety of natural problems in transportatiou science such as time-window constrained trip-chaining. The results demonstrate the robustness of the proposed formalisms. As evidence for our claims of practical efficiency in a realistic setting, we report preliminary computational experience from TRANSIMS case studies of Portland, Oregon.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Bisset, K. R. (Keith R.); Jacob, R. (Riko); Konjevod, G. (Goran); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Chapter 6 - Alternative valorization routes (refinery, cogeneration, and rerefining residue)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Waste oil valorization in a refinery must be considered only after having done a complete feasibility evaluation. Wherever the waste oil is introduced, it should not modify the properties of the refinery products, or the normal operations or functions of the rerefining units. Most oil refineries are complex industrial sites characterized by a very large treated tonnage, a permanent operation of a continuous flow of products from desalination and atmospheric distillation upstream to the storage of finished products downstream passing through all the intermediate refining steps, and the necessity of adapting the units' operating conditions to the treated crude to maintain a good level of quality for the finished products. Other priorities include the need to increase the severity of operating conditions of hydrotreatment to produce gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil from direct distillation or from thermal or catalytic cracking to comply with the standards for sulfur and aromatic compounds. These constraints provide a better understanding of the importance of alternative valorization routes.

Franois Audibert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary bus-bars routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: and VV cooling systems, vacuum pumping and fueling systems, LHe auxiliary cold box, and to route bus-bars... to the tokamak using air-cooled aluminum or copper bus...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Gossiping and Routing in Undirected Triple-Loop Alison Thomson and Sanming Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gossiping and Routing in Undirected Triple-Loop Networks Alison Thomson and Sanming Zhou Department with 1 a, b, c n - 1 such that a, n - a, b, n - b, c, n - c are pair- wise distinct, the undirected

Zhou, Sanming

282

Robust Distributed Routing in Dynamical Networks - Part II: Strong Resilience, Equilibrium Selection and Cascaded Failures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong resilience properties of dynamical networks are analyzed for distributed routing policies. The latter are characterized by the property that the way the outflow at a non-destination node gets split among its outgoing ...

Como, Giacomo

283

Leveraging infrastructure : sustainable bus rapid transit route planning in Beirut, Lebanon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies the concepts of urban design, public transportation planning, economic development, and sustainability, to the routing and site plan of a two-kilometer bus rapid transit (BRT) line segment into downtown ...

Nabti, Jumana M., 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Green Route to Petroleum Feedstocks: Photochemistry of Fats and Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Green Route to Petroleum Feedstocks: Photochemistry of Fats and Oils ... We demonstrate that it is possible to generate long chain olefins from different fat sources, i.e., animal fat, vegetable oils/fats, and waste cooking oil. ...

Maria L. Muro-Small; Douglas C. Neckers

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive multicast routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: adaptive multicast routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geocasting in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Location-Based Multicast Algorithms Young-Bae Ko and Nitin H. Vaidya...

286

iBubble: Multi-keyword Routing Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Matt Spear, Karl Levitt and S. Felix Wu Department of Computer Science UC Davis, Davis, CA 95616 Email. By utilizing keywords, iBubble bridges many routing and energy problems prevalent in WSN, and provides a simple

California at Davis, University of

287

System-Optimal Routing of Traffic Flows with User Constraints in Networks with Congestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of route-guidance systems faces a well-known dilemma. The approach that theoretically yields the system-optimal traffic pattern may discriminate against some users, for the sake of favoring ...

Jahn, Olaf

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

Routes to Nanostructured Inorganic Materials with Potential for Solar Energy Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routes to Nanostructured Inorganic Materials with Potential for Solar Energy Applications ... The behavior of the transition energies with temp. is explained by a self-energy correction attributed to the interaction between electrons and nonpolar phonons. ...

Karthik Ramasamy; Mohammad Azad Malik; Neerish Revaprasadu; Paul OBrien

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

289

The development and evaluation of alternative designs for the Texas Farm-To-Market route marker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alternative designs were tested on a sample of 70 motorists from the Bryan/College Station community. Four laboratory tests were used to assess the effectiveness of the FM route marker designs. These tests were the glance legibility test, filtered...

Fenno, David W

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Name-based content routing in information centric networks using distance information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Naming and Routing in Information-Centric Networks, IEEEal. , A Survey of Information-centric Networking Research,et al. , A Survey of Information-centric Networking, IEEE

Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A survey of routing techniques in store-and-forward and wormhole interconnects.  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of algorithms for directing messages through networks of varying topology. These are commonly referred to as routing algorithms in the literature that is presented. In addition to providing background on networking terminology and router basics, the paper explains the issues of deadlock and livelock as they apply to routing. After this, there is a discussion of routing algorithms for both store-and-forward and wormhole-switched networks. The paper covers both algorithms that do and do not adapt to conditions in the network. Techniques targeting structured as well as irregular topologies are discussed. Following this, strategies for routing in the presence of faulty nodes and links in the network are described.

Holman, David Michael; Lee, David S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

YOUR MARITIME SOLUTION PARTNER There is ongoing research of "Green Routes" as a part of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimizing fuel consumption. This can be done by controlling the path of the vessel as well as the speed of the vessel along the path. A framework for optimization of routes is being developed as part of the Mona Lisa

Patriksson, Michael

293

An Energy Efficient On-Demand Routing Scheme Based on Link Quality for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most of legacy routing schemes for wireless sensor networks do not consider the retransmission energy consumption when they predict the transmission energy consumption. They usually select the path based on ho...

Bo-Gyoung Kim; Won Yeoul Lee; Seok-Yeol Heo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

SELF-SELECTING RELIABLE PATH ROUTING FOR ALL ENVIRONMENTS USING SENSE WITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. Self Selecting Reliable Path (SRP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1 SRP Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1.1 SRP Finite State Autonama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.1.2 Analytical Proof That an Alternate Route will be Found in SRP

Varela, Carlos

295

From the physics of interacting polymers to optimizing routes on the London Underground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...context of the Internet because it can consume up to 4% of the electricity generated (12). Future applications include individualized routing...Psounis K ( 2006 ) Interference-aware fair rate control in wireless sensor networks . Computer Communication Review 36 : 63...

Chi Ho Yeung; David Saad; K. Y. Michael Wong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Routes to chaotic output from a single-mode, dc-excited laser  

SciTech Connect

Instabilities in a single-mode, Fabry-Perot, predominantly inhomogeneously broadened xenon laser show progressions through increasingly complicated periodic behavior, ultimately reaching a deterministic chaotic behavior. Period doubling, two-frequency, and intermittency routes to chaos have been observed.

Gioggia, R.S.; Abraham, N.B.

1983-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

297

Vehicle routing and scheduling for the ultra short haul transportation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method of vehicle routing and scheduling for an air based intraurban transportation system is developed. The maximization of level of service to passengers in a system operating under time varying demand is considered ...

Smith, Barry C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A New WSN-Based Routing Optimization in Smart Distribution Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of routing optimization aimed at problems such as numerous-nodes, large-scale, low reliability of transmission link and inferior real-time in smart distribution grid based on wireless sensor network ha...

GangJun Gong; XingChuan Wang; JuanXi Zhu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Challenges and Solutions for Location-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks with Complex Network Topology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex Network Topologies (CNTs)network holes and cutsoften occur in practical WSN deployments. Many researchers have acknowledged that CNTs adversely affect the performance of location-based routing and proposed various CNT- aware location...

Won, Myounggyu

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Performance Comparison of the RPL and LOADng Routing Protocols in a Home Automation Scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

route entries. Limited energy supply dictates minimal radio usage and optimized control overhead that approximates real-world con- ditions is the radio propagation model with the assumption of the Unit Disk Graph

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Multi-Objective Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Infrastructure Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND OBJECTIVE ? Motivation for this algorithm developed from the North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS) project. This project was tasked with developing an algorithm which would create optimal ice road routes on the North Slope of Alaska considering...

McDonald, Walter

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

302

Efficient Lookahead Routing and Header Compression For Multicasting in Networks-On-Chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

separate routing computation (RC) stage. An efficient area optimization technique is put forward to achieve minimal area overhead for the lookahead RC stage. Also, a novel compression scheme is proposed for multicast packet headers to alleviate their big...

Kumar, Poornachandran

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

303

E-Print Network 3.0 - access route fast Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ying Zhang Z. Morley Mao Jia Wang... University of Michigan AT&T Labs-Research Abstract In this work, we present the novel idea of route normal... - ization by...

304

Substitutional Routing for Trunk Line Break-Down in the Teletransmission Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trunk-line break-down in teletransmission network interrupts some number of the routes of some different links. It makes necessary to restore, at least partially, failed transmission possibilities for each affect...

dr ing. Kornel Wydro

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A lower bound for routing on a completely connected optical communication parallel computer  

SciTech Connect

The task of routing a 2-relation on an n-processor completely connected optical communication parallel computer (OCPC) is considered. A lower bound is presented that applies to any randomized distributed algorithm for this task: specifically, it is shown that the expected number of steps required to route a 2-relation is {Omega}({radical} log log n) in the worst case. For comparison, the best upper bound known is O(log log n).

Goldberg, L.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jerrum, M. [Edinburgh Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Computer Science; MacKenzie, P.D. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Computer Sciences

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

306

Composition and microstructure of zirconium and hafnium germanates obtained by different chemical routes  

SciTech Connect

The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. The products were characterized using high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal (TG/DTA) analysis. To investigate the phase composition and stoichiometry of compounds the unit cell parameters were refined by full-profile Rietveld XRD analysis. The morphology of products and its evolution during high-temperature treatment was examined by SEM analysis. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. The ceramic route requires a multi-stage high-temperature treatment to obtain zirconium and hafnium germanates of 95% purity or more. Also, there are strong diffusion limitations to obtain hafnium germanate Hf{sub 3}GeO{sub 8} by ceramic route. On the contrary, the co-precipitation route leads to the formation of nanocrystalline single phase germanates of stoichiometric composition at a relatively low temperatures (less than 1000 C). The results of quantitative XRD analysis showed the hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds in contrast to zirconium germanates that form a set of solid solutions. This distinction may be related to the difference in the ion radii of Zr and Hf. - Graphical abstract: The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. Display Omitted - Highlights: Zr and Hf germanates were synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes. The morphology of products depends on the synthesis parameters. Zirconium germanates forms a set of solid solutions. Hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds.

Utkin, A.V., E-mail: utkinalex@hotmail.com; Prokip, V.E.; Baklanova, N.I.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

A network approach for identifying minimum-cost aircraft routing and fuel-allocating decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering A NETWORK APPROACH FOR IDENTIFYING MINIMUM-COST AIRCRAFT ROUTING AJVD FUEL-ALLOCATING DECISIONS A Thesis by NADER MAHMOUD KABBAVI Approved as to style and content by...A NETWORK APPROACH FOR IDENTIFYING MINIMUM-COST AIRCRAFT ROUTING AND FUEL-ALLOCATING DECISIONS A Thesis by NADER MAHMOUD KABBANI Submitted to the OIIice of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...

Kabbani, Nader Mahmoud

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The TafelHeyrovsky route in the kinetic mechanism of the hydrogen evolution reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The examination of the dependence of surface coverage on overpotential for the kinetic mechanism of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) through the VolmerHeyrovsky route shows that, under certain conditions, the Tafel re-adsorption can be produced. On this basis, the HER could be described with the contribution of Tafel and Heyrovsky elementary steps. The present communication derives and analyses the kinetic mechanism of the HER for the TafelHeyrovsky route, under Frumkin adsorption conditions.

M.R Gennero de Chialvo; A.C Chialvo

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Performance of improved dynamic source routing algorithm for military communication logistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) are autonomous, self-configuring and dynamic networks that operate without the support of any fixed infrastructure. Such networks are excellent candidates for military logistics which requires identification of location of sensitive frights and other communication need. Ad hoc routing protocol supports nodes mobility with multi-hop routing overwhelming the limitations of radio coverage in remote locations. Most of the present routing protocols are not designed to adapt congestion which is the dominant reason for packet loss, longer delay and jitter. In this paper, the original DSR protocol was modified to monitor the occurrence of congestion by using multiple resource utilisation thresholds as QoS attributes and trigger multi-path-routing during the periods of congestion to improve QoS. This paper also deals with the effects of mobility on the modified routing protocol. The NS-2 simulation results showed that a significant improvement in performance of modified DSR was achieved and decreases the network congestion with the use of multi-path routing.

A. Valarmathi; R.M. Chandrasekaran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Evaluation of Management Routes for the Paldiski Sarcophagi  

SciTech Connect

The necessity to develop the submarine fleet in Russia required constructing a special training base for the training of submarine crews. To this purpose two prototypes of nuclear power units, close analogous to those fitting out nuclear submarines were constructed and commissioned in the sixties on the Navy training centre's base located in Paldiski (Pakri peninsula, Estonia). In 1994, nuclear fuel was discharged from the reactors and transported to Russia while the reactors themselves were prepared for prolonged storage, prior to transfer of the Paldiski facilities to the ownership of the Estonian Republic. The Paldiski facilities are currently being dismantled with the exception of two sarcophagi made of concrete that are housing the two reactor compartments. The question of the future management of both sarcophagi is a key-issue in the cleaning up of the whole Paldiski site. Actually, three basic questions should answered: when should dismantling operations occur, how this should be done, and what could be the corresponding cost. Within the context of enlargement of the European Union, the Commission services (first Directorate-General for Environment and then Directorate-General for Enlargement) decided to support Estonia to respond to these three questions through a study contract that was awarded in 1999 to a TECHNICATOME/BNFL consortium. The work scope was made up of three distinct tasks: data collection regarding the nuclear reactors and enclosing compartments design, and the works carried in order to prepare the reactor compartments for long-term storage; drawing up dismantling strategies in order to reach the third decommissioning level defined by IAEA; and evaluation of these decommissioning options on the basis cost estimation and radiological impact evaluation, in view to recommend the best management route. This article gives the key stages and the conclusions of this study.

Antonel, L.; Robin, B.; Miller, J. W.; Putnik, H.; Simanovski, Y.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

311

A strategy to reduce flooding in grid Fisheye State routing (GFSR) protocol with weighted rough set model using MANET  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mobile ad hoc networks consist of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of host results to changes in path. The well-known Fisheye State Routing (FSR) protocol determines a route when no route exists or route breaks. To establish new path from source to destination, it broadcast control packets (route request packets), which increases the network bandwidth consumption and to reduce flooding. As mobile ad hoc networks have limited bandwidth, it is important to reduce the flooding. This paper provides a protocol which uses the weighted rough set model to control the route request packets in the existing FSR protocol in GRID. Weighted rough set theory is a mathematical tool to deal with vagueness, uncertainty and it also considers the importance of the objects (nodes).

S. Nithya Rekha; C. Chandrasekar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

L-connect routing of die surface pads to the die edge for stacking in a 3D array  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Integrated circuit chips and method of routing the interface pads from the face of the chip or die to one or more sidewall surfaces of the die. The interconnection is routed from the face of the die to one or more edges of the die, then routed over the edge of the die and onto the side surface. A new pad is then formed on the sidewall surface, which allows multiple die or chips to be stacked in a three-dimensional array, while enabling follow-on signal routing from the sidewall pads. The routing of the interconnects and formation of the sidewall pads can be carried out in an L-connect or L-shaped routing configuration, using a metalization process such as laser pantography.

Petersen, Robert W. (Dublin, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

An Energy-Based Comparison of Long-Hop and Short-Hop Routing in MIMO Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of selecting appropriate routes in a network of multiple-antenna nodes. Specifically, the problem of selecting either routes that consist of long hops or routes that consist of short hops is considered. This distance-dependent route selection problem is approached from the viewpoint of energy efficiency, where a route is selected with the objective of minimizing the transmission energy consumed while satisfying a target outage criterion at the final destination. Deterministic line networks and two-dimensional random networks are considered, and the energy consumption of long-hop and short-hop routing is compared in several limiting cases. It is also shown that in many scenarios of practical interest, short hops actually outperform long hops in terms of energy consumption. The obtained analytical and simulation results highlight the inherent energy efficiency of multiple-antenna signaling.

Lo, Caleb K; Heath, Robert W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

I/O Router Placement and Fine-Grained Routing on Titan to Support Spider II  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) introduced the concept of Fine-Grained Routing in 2008 to improve I/O performance between the Jaguar supercomputer and Spider, OLCF s center-wide Lustre file system. Fine-grained routing organizes I/O paths to minimize congestion. Jaguar has since been upgraded to Titan, providing more than a ten-fold improvement in peak performance. To support the center s increased computational capacity and I/O demand, the Spider file system has been replaced with Spider II. Building on the lessons learned from Spider, an improved method for placing LNET routers was developed and implemented for Spider II. The fine-grained routing scripts and configuration have been updated to provide additional optimizations and better match the system setup. This paper presents a brief history of fine-grained routing at OLCF, an introduction to the architectures of Titan and Spider II, methods for placing routers in Titan, and details about the fine-grained routing configuration.

Ezell, Matthew A [ORNL] [ORNL; Dillow, David [None] [None; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Feiyi [ORNL] [ORNL; Tiwari, Devesh [ORNL] [ORNL; Maxwell, Don E [ORNL] [ORNL; Leverman, Dustin B [ORNL] [ORNL; Hill, Jason J [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models  

SciTech Connect

A new physically based runoff routing model, called the Model for Scale Adaptive River Transport (MOSART), has been developed to be applicable across local, regional, and global scales. Within each spatial unit, surface runoff is first routed across hillslopes and then discharged along with subsurface runoff into a tributary subnetwork before entering the main channel. The spatial units are thus linked via routing through the main channel network, which is constructed in a scale-consistent way across different spatial resolutions. All model parameters are physically based, and only a small subset requires calibration.MOSART has been applied to the Columbia River basin at 1/ 168, 1/ 88, 1/ 48, and 1/ 28 spatial resolutions and was evaluated using naturalized or observed streamflow at a number of gauge stations. MOSART is compared to two other routing models widely used with land surface models, the River Transport Model (RTM) in the Community Land Model (CLM) and the Lohmann routing model, included as a postprocessor in the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model package, yielding consistent performance at multiple resolutions. MOSART is further evaluated using the channel velocities derived from field measurements or a hydraulic model at various locations and is shown to be capable of producing the seasonal variation and magnitude of channel velocities reasonably well at different resolutions. Moreover, the impacts of spatial resolution on model simulations are systematically examined at local and regional scales. Finally, the limitations ofMOSART and future directions for improvements are discussed.

Li, Hongyi; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Wu, Huan; Huang, Maoyi; Ke, Yinghai; Coleman, Andre M.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

316

Exploring a Centralized/Distributed Hybrid Routing Protocol for Low Power Wireless Networks and Large-Scale Datacenters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brandt and G. Porcu. Home automation routing requirements inUrban Environments [ 20], and Home Automation [14]. Sub-59], building automation [53], and smart homes [14]. These

Tavakoli, Arsalan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The Other Route to Biofuels | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

The Other Route to Biofuels The Other Route to Biofuels Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 10.18.13 The Other Route to Biofuels Scientists identify key genes for increasing oil in plant leaves. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Using genomics, Brookhaven researchers found a means to significantly increase oils in plant leaves-which could greatly enhance the energy content of plants as biofuel feedstocks. Photo courtesy of iStockphoto Using genomics and a range of other techniques, Brookhaven researchers found a means to significantly increase oils in plant leaves-which

318

Microsoft Word - Atlanta_Routing TG_TEC working session Feb 07_final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE TEC Routing Topic Group Working Session DOE TEC Routing Topic Group Working Session Thursday, February 1, 2007 Meeting Summary Mr. Jay Jones began the meeting with a welcome and introduction of the topic members, other participants, and support staff. Mr. Jones listed and reviewed all the documents and handouts sent to the topic group members before the meeting. The documents and hand outs included: 1. Task Plan- This document provides information on activities that the topic group may elect to focus on during the topic group's existence. This document can be revised by the topic group as necessary. 2. Description of Activities- This document is an outline of the work OCRWM anticipates will be undertaken by the topic group. 3. Agenda for Routing Topic Group working session

319

Fear: A Fuzzy-based Energy-aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many energy-aware routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. Most of them are only energy savers and do not take care about energy balancing. The energy saver protocols try to decrease the energy consumption of the network as a whole; however the energy manager protocols balance the energy consumption in the network to avoid network partitioning. This means that energy saver protocols are not necessarily energy balancing and vice versa. However, the lifetime of wireless sensor network is strictly depending on energy consumption; therefore, energy management is an essential task to be considered. This paper proposes an energy aware routing protocol, named FEAR, which considers energy balancing and energy saving. It finds a fair trade-off between energy balancing and energy saving by fuzzy set concept. FEAR routing protocol is simulated and evaluated by Glomosim simulator.

Ahvar, Ehsan; Piran, Mohammad Jalil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Performance evaluation of configurable arrays with mesh interconnections and wormhole routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In wormhole routing, the messages are divided into smaller Sits, which are 8- 32 bits long. Flit buffers are used in the hardware routers attached to the nodes. Transmission from the source node to the destination node is done through a sequence of routers...: the dimensions, the various routing techniques and the number of processors. Additions were done to the parameter module to include all the three embed- dings. The parameters are FOLD%M (fold embedding), LINE%M (line compres- sion) and LENAM (linear embedding...

Krishnamoorthy, Deviusha

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

New Lower Bounds for Oblivious Routing in Undirected Graphs Mohammad T. Hajiaghayi # Robert D. Kleinberg #+# Tom Leighton # Harald Racke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Kleinberg #+# Tom Leighton #§ Harald R?acke ¶ Abstract Oblivious routing algorithms for general undirected net­ works were introduced by R?acke, and this work has led to many subsequent improvements and applications. R?acke showed that there is an oblivious routing algorithm with poly­ logarithmic competitive

Räcke, Harald

322

Computational Study for Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problems J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar, Dario Landa-Silva and Rong Qu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Study for Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problems J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar, Dario Landa-Silva and Rong Qu Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group, School.K. {psxjaca, dario.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Workforce Scheduling and Routing

Landa-Silva, Dario

323

UCLAComputerScienceDepartmentTechnicalReportTR-080024-2008 Spectrum Aware Routing in Cognitive Radio Mesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum opportunistically. In this paper we present SAMER, a routing solution for cognitive radio mesh spectrum and results in higher end-to-end performance. Index Terms--Cognitive Radio, Spectrum Aware Routing cognitive radio architectures that assume a central controller to lease spectrum to users, while KNOWS [1

Lu, Songwu

324

A link availability-based QoS-aware routing protocol for mobile ad hoc sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With more and more wireless devices being mobile, there is a constant challenge to provide reliable and high quality communication services among these devices. In this paper, we propose a link availability-based QoS-aware (LABQ) routing protocol for ... Keywords: Ad hoc network, Mobility, QoS, Routing, Sensor

Ming Yu; Aniket Malvankar; Wei Su; Simon Y. Foo

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Appointed BrOadcast (ABO): Reducing Routing Overhead in IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Appointed BrOadcast (ABO): Reducing Routing Overhead in IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Chun-enhanced and standard IEEE 802.11 nodes can coexist in a MANET is also discussed. Keywords: mobile ad hoc network, promiscuous mode, broadcast, IEEE 802.11, routing. #12;2 1. Introduction In mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs

Chen, Sheng-Wei

326

A Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time-Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problem, where customer's time windows may be violated at a certain cost. The Vehicle Routing ProblemA Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time of Computing Science and Engineering Place Sainte-Barbe 2, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium {Sebastien

Deville, Yves

327

Heuristic algorithms for a vehicle routing problem with simultaneous delivery and pickup and time windows in home health care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is crucial to carefully design the routes of the HHC vehicles in order to reduce its operating cost while1 Heuristic algorithms for a vehicle routing problem with simultaneous delivery and pickup and time Nationale Supérieure des Mines Centre for Health Engineering, CNRS UMR 6158 LIMOS-ROGI 158 cours Fauriel

Boyer, Edmond

328

Heuristic methods for vehicle routing problem with time windows K.C. Tana,*, L.H. Leeb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the problem is to ®nd routes for the vehicles to serve all the customers at a minimal cost (in terms of travelHeuristic methods for vehicle routing problem with time windows K.C. Tana,*, L.H. Leeb , Q.L. Zhua , K. Oua a Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 10

Zhu, Kenny Q.

329

Abstract--Location discovery is a fundamental problem in wireless ad hoc networks. Most of the ad hoc routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Section 4 our approach for optimal flooding, Section 5 presents the simulation results of OFP, Section 6 hoc routing protocols use some form of flooding to discover the location and route of a mobile node. Despite various optimizations, many messages are propagated unnecessarily. We propose the Optimal Flooding

Jain, Raj

330

Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Boulder Boulder, CO-80309 Abstract--A minimum energy routing protocol reduces the energy con- sumption the energy consumption of a wireless ad hoc network. Past research has focused on energy savings schemes1 Design Considerations for an On-Demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc

Brown, Timothy X.

331

A PHY/MAC Approach to Wireless Routing Cemal Akcaba , Rohit U. Nabar and Kin K. Leung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PHY/MAC Approach to Wireless Routing Cemal Akc¸aba , Rohit U. Nabar and Kin K. Leung@nari.ee.ethz.ch Marvell Semiconductor, Inc., Santa Clara, CA 95054, USA. email: rnabar@marvell.com Dept. of Electrical-- Routing data through a wireless network is made challenging by impairments in the wireless medium

Leung, Kin K.

332

Sediment Routing and Budgets: Implications for Judging Impacts of Forestry Frederick J. Swanson and Richard L. Fredriksen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

129 Sediment Routing and Budgets: Implications for Judging Impacts of Forestry Practices Frederick J. Swanson and Richard L. Fredriksen ABSTRACT Sediment budget and routing studies offer some of the dynamics of sediment storage in stream channels and at hillslope sites prone to failure by debris

333

Greedy Dynamic Hot--Potato Routing on Arrays Ioannis Caragiannis y Christos Kaklamanis z Ioannis Vergados x  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greedy Dynamic Hot--Potato Routing on Arrays #3; Ioannis Caragiannis y Christos Kaklamanis z the dynamic case where packets are continu­ ously injected into the network. We describe three greedy hot--potato) for the implementation of in­ jection buffers. Our results demonstrate that there exists a greedy hot--potato routing

Caragiannis, Ioannis

334

Energy-Efficient Reliable Paths for On-Demand Routing Protocols Tamer Nadeem, Suman Banerjee, Archan Misra, Ashok Agrawala  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Energy-Efficient Reliable Paths for On-Demand Routing Protocols Tamer Nadeem, Suman Banerjee within the framework of on-demand routing protocols. Computation of minimum energy reli- able paths does not work for on-demand protocols and some additional mechanisms are needed to compute energy

Banerjee, Suman

335

Social costs of public service obligation routes--calculating subsidies of regional flights in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this note we describe an iterative procedure of how to estimate unit costs per leg of a public service obligation (PSO) route network if certain data is publicly available. The aim of this approach is to make judgments in benchmarking and in regulation ... Keywords: Airline, Networks, Norway, Operating costs, Origin-destination matrix, Public service obligation, Subsidies

Branko Bubalo

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks Abbas Jamalipour, PhD; Fellow IEEE, Fellow IEAust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks Abbas Jamalipour, PhD; Fellow IEEE, Fellow IEAust and micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) are influencing the progression towards the smart dust era, industrial and home automation wireless sensor networks (WSN) will have a significant impact. Accordingly

337

Dynamic Routing Trees with Energy Harvesting Constraints for Wireless Body Area Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for recharging batteries. Examples of energy harvesters include thermoelectric generators (body heat as an energy using computer simulations and models of energy harvesting. Energy sources of body heat, ambient lightDynamic Routing Trees with Energy Harvesting Constraints for Wireless Body Area Networks Nikhil

Tsouri, Gill

338

Money, Banking and Dynamics: Two Wicksellian routes from Mises to Hayek and Schumpeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Money, Banking and Dynamics: Two Wicksellian routes from Mises to Hayek and Schumpeter By AGN?S be traced back to Wicksell, going from Mises whose Theory of Money and Credit provides, as we shall see theories of business cycles. In this connection, Mises' Theory of Money and Credit and, in particular, his

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the optimum. Through simulations with replenishment profile traces for solar and wind energy, we numerically is limited battery of sensor nodes. Energy harvesting from various natural sources, such as solar1 A Simple Asymptotically Optimal Joint Energy Allocation and Routing Scheme in Rechargeable Sensor

Sinha, Prasun

340

ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE COLLABORATIVE ROUTE SELECTION STRATEGIES BASED ON COST AND THROUGHPUT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and the airspace users (AOCs). The result of the collaboration should be an outcome that maximizes the utility analysis between flight costs and sector throughput for combinations of ATCSCC and AOC strategies) restrictions for the airspace, as well as, TFM re- routing in collaboration with the AOC takes place

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks Roland de Haan, Richard-to-end performance measures such as through- put in ad hoc networks, emphasizing the performance trade-off between-destination pairs and different radio ranges are analyzed. Keywords: Ad hoc networks, Interference, Capacity, Multi

Boucherie, Richard J.

342

On Local Algorithms for Topology Control and Routing in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Local Algorithms for Topology Control and Routing in Ad Hoc Networks Lujun Jia and Rajmohan 3400 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218, USA scheideler@cs.jhu.edu Abstract An ad hoc network. Indeed, an important task of an ad hoc network is to determine an appropri­ ate topology over which high

Chan, Agnes Hui

343

Carbon Aerogels and Monoliths: Control of Porosity and Nanoarchitecture via SolGel routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon Aerogels and Monoliths: Control of Porosity and Nanoarchitecture via SolGel routes ... The synthesis of carbon aerogels by solgel like processes, i.e., hard templating, phase demixing, hydrothermal carbonization techniques, as well as by ionothermal syntheses are reviewed. ... carbon aerogels; sol?gel chemistry of carbon; hydrothermal carbonization; salt templating ...

Markus Antonietti; Nina Fechler; Tim-Patrick Fellinger

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Migratory connectivity and population-specific migration routes in a long-distance migratory bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...using a 6 mm-Teflon ribbon harness. We used 9.5 and 12 g solar satellite transmitters (PTT-100 series, Microwave Telemetry...subis), despite different migration routes at the Gulf of Mexico. The Auk 130, 291-296. ( doi:10.1525/auk.2013...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A sociability-based routing scheme for delay-tolerant networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of choosing the best forwarders in Delay-Tolerant Networks (DTNs) is crucial for minimizing the delay in packet delivery and for keeping the amount of generated traffic under control. In this paper, we introduce sociable routing, a novel ...

Flavio Fabbri; Roberto Verdone

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

THE CACHE INFERENCE PROBLEM and its Application to Content and Request Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for content and query routing purposes [1]; DNS lookups are cached by DNS resolvers to reduce the load, Massachusetts, USA. z Dept of Informatics and Telecommunications, University of Athens, Greece. x N. Laoutaris to typically­ skewed demand profile from various client populations. Increasingly, however, a system may

347

Design and Implementation an Energy-Aware Routing Mechanism for Solar Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the thriving development of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and solar power generation technology, coupled with the continuous progress of the semiconductor industry, solar cell photoelectrical conversion efficiency has increased accordingly, ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, solar power, energy-aware, routing

Hung-Chi Chu; Wei-Tsung Siao; Wei-Tai Wu; Sheng-Chih Huang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

How Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of environmental energy such as sunlight and acoustic vibra- tions [6]­[9]. However, the energy that a solar cell with a large solar cell; the low harvesting efficiency of small solar cells, together with uncontrollableHow Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing Bin Tong, Zi

Wang, Guiling

349

Sodium-Silicate Route to Submicrometer Hybrid PEG@Silica Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sodium-Silicate Route to Submicrometer Hybrid PEG@Silica Particles ... Supported by the Nano Functional Materials (NFM) MAGNET Program of the Israel Ministry of Trade and Industry, by the Infrastructure (Tashtiot) Program of the Israel Ministry of Science, and by the European Functionalized Advanced Materials and Engineering Hybrids and Ceramic (FAME) Network of Excellence (NOE). ...

Hila Elimelech; David Avnir

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

350

Solving the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem and the Split Delivery using GRASP Metaheuristic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles, where total cost is minimal, beginning and ending in a depot; such that each node is visited justSolving the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem and the Split Delivery using GRASP Metaheuristic Joseph Gallart Suárez1 , Manuel Tupia Anticona1 1 Engineering department, Pontificia Universidad Católica

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

351

Combining MetaHeuristics to Effectively Solve the Vehicle Routing Problems with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' requests with the minimal operational cost as usually measured by the number of vehicles used multiplied1 Combining Meta­Heuristics to Effectively Solve the Vehicle Routing Problems with Time Windows Engineering, The University of Hong Kong Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Department of Computer Science National

Tam, Vincent W. L.

352

A Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost) so that the day- to-day operational cost could be kept at the minimum. 1.2 Background on VehicleA Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems K. C. Tan, T. H. Lee, Y. H. Chew Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering National

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

353

An Energy-Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diffusion, directed transmission, and the energy-aware routing protocols. Simulation results show that our scheme. The flooding of interest by sinks allows the gradients to be set up within the network. In [5, which are derived from the flooding. It uses a retransmission probability function to reduce redundant

Wong, Vincent

354

Energy-efficient geographic multicast routing for Sensor and Actuator Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

progress metric and it is specially designed to minimize the total energy used by the multicast tree. GMREEEnergy-efficient geographic multicast routing for Sensor and Actuator Networks Juan A. Sanchez a and Actuator Networks (SANET). Sensors have very limited resources in terms of energy, band- width

Stojmenovic, Ivan

355

LIFETIME-AWARE MULTICAST ROUTING IN WIRELESS AD HOC Morteza Maleki and Massoud Pedram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studies on the construction of energy-efficient broadcast and multicast tree in ad hoc networks ([6}@usc.edu Abstract. One of the main design constraints in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) is that they are energy constrained. Hence, routing algorithms must be developed to consider energy consumption of the nodes

Pedram, Massoud

356

Project Information Form Project Title Routing Strategies for Efficient Deployment of Alt. Fuel Vehicles for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agency or organization) US DOT $90,000 Total Project Cost $90,000 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-GProject Information Form Project Title Routing Strategies for Efficient Deployment of Alt. Fuel-UTC29 Start and End Dates May 16, 2014 to May 31, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project

California at Davis, University of

357

Routes to interchange mode turbulence and chaos in plasmas confined by a helical magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The helical magnetic field lines introduce a periodicity condition for the flute modes in the verticalRoutes to interchange mode turbulence and chaos in plasmas confined by a helical magnetic field K in a laboratory plasma confined by a helical magnetic field [1], i.e. a toroidal plasma with a weak vertical

358

Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Mehdi Kalantari and Mark Shayman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contract F496200210217. #12;2 the energy constraints by making a tree rooted in the central node. The tree1 Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Mehdi Kalantari and Mark Shayman Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 {mehkalan, shayman

Shayman, Mark A.

359

Online Lifetime-Centric Multicast Routing: for AdU Hoc Networks with Directional Antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy required to maintain a tree (broadcastlmulticast) [Z], [4], [5],[6], 1141, [24], E251.Thomas: Hou*. Yi Shi*, Hanif U. Sheralit, Jeffrey E. Wieselthied *The Bradley Department of Electrical-beam directional antenna and k provisioned with limited energy. We are interested in an online muIticast routing

Hou, Y. Thomas

360

A Layered Communication Architecture for Power Routing in the Smart Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the main benefits of the smart grid will be the introduction of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) into the electricity grid at large scale. These DERs will be able to supply areas with electricity when isolated from the main power grid due to ... Keywords: Active Control, Distributed Energy Resources (DERs), Distributed Generation, Power Routing, Smart Grid

F. Bouhafs, M. Merabti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

TREC-8 Experiments at Maryland: CLIR, QA and Routing Douglas W. Oard and Jianqiang Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@cs.umanitoba.ca Ian Soboro Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering University of Maryland, Baltimore. Broad-coverage parsing and rule-based matching was used for question answering. Routing was performed] but not previously tested at TREC. In the new Question Answering track, we explored the potential for combining broad

Oard, Doug

362

Cluster Before You Hallucinate: Approximating Node-Capacitated Network Design and Energy Efficient Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this energy usage is an important problem. Ac- cording to the US Department of Energy [1], data networks,4,6,10]. In the Energy Efficient Vertex Routing Problem (EEVRP), the input consists of an undirected multi-graph G = (VCluster Before You Hallucinate: Approximating Node-Capacitated Network Design and Energy Efficient

Treuille, Adrien

363

Secure hybrid routing with micro/macro-mobility handoff mechanisms for urban wireless mesh networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Secure and pervasive internet access is the goal of present research in wireless networks realm. Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is expected to be the most widely used network in the near future to make the anywhere-anytime internet access into ... Keywords: handoff latency, handoff mechanisms, hybrid routing, key management, mobility management, pervasive internet access, security, simulation, urban WMN:, wireless mesh networks, wireless networks

Ramanarayana Kandikattu; Lillykutty Jacob

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Nested Column Generation applied to the Crude Oil Tanker Routing and Scheduling Problem with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's fuel price of around 650 USD/ton. A port visit avoided through good routing and scheduling could reduce builds on a branch-and-price algorithm in which the column generation subproblems are solved by branch-and-price themselves. We describe our implementa- tion in the branch-cut-and-price framework SCIP and give

Lübbecke, Marco

365

An Experimental Study into the Impact of Local Accident Information on Driver's Route Planning Behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of previous accidents just as existing GPS tools provide data about average delays and fuel consumption behaviour. Experimental studies have shown the effects of attribution error, it is easy to believe into the effects that local accident information has on drivers' route planning tasks. Our results show

Johnson, Chris

366

Developing and Evaluating Routing Protocols for Rural Areas That Communicates Via Data Mules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and Evaluating Routing Protocols for Rural Areas That Communicates Via Data Mules connectivity to isolated village networks via multiple data mules. These multiple mules communicate in order traces for multiple data mules for rural-like areas the existing protocols ad hoc on-demand distance

Blake, Edwin

367

Work domain analysis and ecological interface design for the vehicle routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work domain analysis and ecological interface design for the vehicle routing problem B. GACIAS1 , J 4 Ecological Interface Design 5 Experimental Study 6 Results 7 Conclusions and further work Gacias Proposed DSS 3 Work Domain Analysis 4 Ecological Interface Design 5 Experimental Study 6 Results 7

Ingrand, François

368

High density adsorbed oxygen on Rh,,111... and enhanced routes to metallic oxidation using atomic oxygen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High density adsorbed oxygen on Rh,,111... and enhanced routes to metallic oxidation using atomic oxygen K. D. Gibson, Mark Viste, Errol C. Sanchez, and S. J. Sibener The James Franck Institute; accepted 30 November 1998 Exposure of Rh 111 to atomic oxygen leads to the facile formation of a full

Sibener, Steven

369

Hop-by-hop Computing for Green Internet Routing (Technical report, under revision)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hop-by-hop Computing for Green Internet Routing (Technical report, under revision) Yuan Yang@cernet.edu.cn Abstract--Energy conservation is a global concern nowadays and it is widely expected that energy cost will continuously increase in the near future. The design of the Internet, un- fortunately, has not taken energy

Wang, Dan

370

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid Ting Zhu Sheng, Binghamton, NY, USA Abstract--Due to volatile and rising energy prices, smart microgrids appear and wind turbines on every house sharing renewable energy among houses. How to efficiently and optimally

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

371

A delay-minimizing routing strategy for wireless multi-hop networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

each route comprises a backlogged source, a number of relays and a destination at a finite distance of a population of backlogged sources, each with a destination at a finite distance R, and a population of relays. The locations of the sources and the relays are realizations of independent Poisson point processes. Given

Haenggi, Martin

372

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities Primary Investigator Erie is a source of drinking water for many communities and may also be a source of algal toxins drinking water. While there are state regulatory standards for factors like turbidity and fecal coliforms

373

Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Route to GaN Nanowires with Triangular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Route to GaN Nanowires with Triangular Cross Sections Tevye widths of 15-200 nm. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed that the wires were single as a carrier gas, was percolated through the TMG precursor and coupled with a second nitrogen line to give

Yang, Peidong

374

Finding optimum route of electrical energy transmission line using multi-criteria with Q-learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to an increasing energy requirement the consideration of route determination is becoming important. The aim of this project is to find an optimum result considering its important criteria. Finding an optimum route is a complex problem. It does not mean the shortest path to the problem. It is important to find the best way under the criterion that is determined by experts. Because of this we did not use the classical shortest path algorithm and we applied one of algorithms of the Artificial Intelligence. In this work, Geographic Information System (GIS)-based energy transmission route planning had been performed. In this optimization, using Multiagent Systems (MAS) which is a subdirectory of Distributed Artificial Intelligence the multi-criteria affecting energy transmission line (ETL) had been severally analyzed. The application had been actualized on the Selcuk University Campus Area. Therefore, the digital map of the campus area particularly had been composed containing of relevant criteria. Using Q- learning Algorithm of Multiagent System the optimum route had been determined.

Semiye Demircan; Musa Aydin; S. Savas Durduran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of colonization commensal subspecies of house mouse in Norway: Mus musculus domesticus and M. m. musculus. Five nuclear, reflecting passive human transport to Norway, probably during the Viking period. M. m. musculus may have

Nachman, Michael

376

A Simulation Model of DYMO for Ad Hoc Routing in OMNeT++  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Simulation Model of DYMO for Ad Hoc Routing in OMNeT++ Christoph Sommer Isabel Dietrich Falko describe a simulation model of DYMO, Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work of MANETs are available as simulation models, including the complete TCP/IP stack and an AODV implementation

Breu, Ruth

377

In-Route Nearest Neighbor Queries Jin Soung Yoo Shashi Shekhar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

query [4, 14] (e.g., "find the nearest gas station to my hotel"). A variant to the point-NN query is a closest pair query between two point datasets [1, 7] (e.g., "find the pair of a gas station of any point on the line segments [26, 27] (e.g., "find all nearest gas stations on my route from

Shekhar, Shashi

378

Characterizing the Interaction Between Routing and MAC Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks  

SciTech Connect

We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Study of the comprehensive risk analysis of dam-break flooding based on the numerical simulation of flood routing. Part I: model development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dam-break floods have been of increasing concern to safety ... of complex terrain in inundation areas multiplies the simulation difficulty of flood routing. In previous studies, representing the flood routing par...

Ruirui Sun; Xiaoling Wang; Zhengyin Zhou; Xuefei Ao; Xiaopei Sun

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Critical Grid Size and Transmission Radius for Local-Minimum-Free Grid Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and let l denote the grid size and r the transmission...wireless sensor networks; grid routing; local minima...pre-established network infrastructure. The devices form a...Several two-level hybrid geographical routing...frequently. As to the grid routing, Ye et al......

Chih-Wei Yi; Peng-Jun Wan; Chao-Min Su; Chen-Wei Huang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 33, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 113 Path-Congestion-Aware Adaptive Routing with a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems become major performance bottlenecks. An effective adaptive routing algorithm can help minimize and improve the effectiveness of routing path selection. We propose a path- congestion-aware adaptive routing University, Taipei, Taiwan (e-mail: enjui@access.ee.ntu.edu.tw; ck- craig@access.ee.ntu.edu.tw; andywu@cc.ee.ntu

Hung, Shih-Hao

382

Multi-start iterated local search for the periodic vehicle routing problem with time windows and time spread constraints on services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of high-value shipment transportation, companies are faced to the malevolence problem. The risk of ambush increases with the predictability of vehicle routes. This paper addresses a very hard periodic vehicle routing problem with time windows, ... Keywords: Iterated local search, Periodic vehicle routing, Security constraints, Time window

Julien Michallet; Christian Prins; Lionel Amodeo; Farouk Yalaoui; Grgoire Vitry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

10.4 METRICS FOR EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF WEATHER ON JET ROUTES Jimmy Krozel, Ph.D., and Moein Ganji, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 10.4 METRICS FOR EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF WEATHER ON JET ROUTES Jimmy Krozel, Ph.D., and Moein, Finland 1. ABSTRACT In this paper, we analyze the impact that convective weather has on Route Availability the amount of convective weather present in the vicinity of a jet route, and the amount of traffic

384

Automating Risk Assessments of Hazardous Material Shipments for Transportation Routes and Mode Selection  

SciTech Connect

The METEOR project at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) successfully addresses the difficult problem in risk assessment analyses of combining the results from bounding deterministic simulation results with probabilistic (Monte Carlo) risk assessment techniques. This paper describes a software suite designed to perform sensitivity and cost/benefit analyses on selected transportation routes and vehicles to minimize risk associated with the shipment of hazardous materials. METEOR uses Monte Carlo techniques to estimate the probability of an accidental release of a hazardous substance along a proposed transportation route. A METEOR user selects the mode of transportation, origin and destination points, and charts the route using interactive graphics. Inputs to METEOR (many selections built in) include crash rates for the specific aircraft, soil/rock type and population densities over the proposed route, and bounding limits for potential accident types (velocity, temperature, etc.). New vehicle, materials, and location data are added when available. If the risk estimates are unacceptable, the risks associated with alternate transportation modes or routes can be quickly evaluated and compared. Systematic optimizing methods will provide the user with the route and vehicle selection identified with the lowest risk of hazardous material release. The effects of a selected range of potential accidents such as vehicle impact, fire, fuel explosions, excessive containment pressure, flooding, etc. are evaluated primarily using hydrocodes capable of accurately simulating the material response of critical containment components. Bounding conditions that represent credible accidents (i.e; for an impact event, velocity, orientations, and soil conditions) are used as input parameters to the hydrocode models yielding correlation functions relating accident parameters to component damage. The Monte Carlo algorithms use random number generators to make selections at the various decision points such as; crash, location, etc. For each pass through the routines, when a crash is randomly selected, crash parameters are then used to determine if failure has occurred using either external look up tables, correlations functions from deterministic calculations, or built in data libraries. The effectiveness of the software was recently demonstrated in safety analyses of the transportation of radioisotope systems for the US Dept. of Energy. These methods are readily adaptable to estimating risks associated with a variety of hazardous shipments such as spent nuclear fuel, explosives, and chemicals.

Barbara H. Dolphin; William D. RIchins; Stephen R. Novascone

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A multichannel design for QoS aware energy efficient clustering and routing in WMSN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSNs) are used in video surveillance applications for disaster management inside buildings. There is unavailability of electricity in a building during a disastrous situation. To have an energy efficient and real-time data delivery, a Quality of Service (QoS) aware energy efficient routing technique is proposed in this paper. It tries to find a route that meets the real-time data delivery deadlines by minimising the energy consumption. Also, WMSNs usually employ single channel design approach whereas at a given instant several video or image streams should be delivered. Based on the channel conditions, a game theory based distributed multichannel allocation mechanism is proposed which improves the network performance parameters in varying channel conditions. These network design mechanisms are investigated using NS-2 simulator for a test case application. It is shown that the combined approach leads to further reduction in the energy consumption by meeting the data reporting deadlines.

Zeeshan Ali Khan; Michel Auguin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The tractor and semitrailer routing problem with many-to-many demand considering carbon dioxide emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tractor and semitrailer routing problem with many-to-many demand (TSRP-MMD) is investigated in this study. The TSRP-MMD extends the existing studies on the rollonrolloff vehicle routing problem (RRVRP) to a many-to-many problem with an intercity line-haul network background. To demonstrate and utilize the energy efficiency of the tractor and semitrailer combination, the TSRP-MMD takes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per ton-kilometer as the objective. Because the problem is NP-hard, a modified Clarke and Wright Savings heuristic algorithm (CW) followed by an improvement phase and a local search phase is developed to solve the TSRP-MMD. The integer program is used to find optimum solutions for small-scale problems. The computational results show that the developed heuristics can be efficiently used to solve the problem.

Hongqi Li; Tan Lv; Yanran Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Constructing population criteria for the comparison of different options for a high voltage line route  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for comparing the sensitiveness of people to different possible options for the route of High Voltage transmission lines. It has been tested on practical cases. First, we create special dimensions and scales in order to evaluate the different zones of a studied area. Then, the different options for the route of HV lines (which are a succession of different zones) have to be compared. The construction of criteria permitting the comparison of different options raises a theoretical issue: how to punctualise the geographic distribution or the grades of the different zones of an option, in order to reflect preferences? Different methods of punctualisation are proposed which could apply to other cases. But the purpose of the paper is merely to show that these methods of punctualisation are not neutral, they cannot reflect all the characteristics of a distribution of grades.

Nathalie Grassin

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

B. Quoitin INL Workshop, April 22, 2008 Modeling the Routing of an ISP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© B. Quoitin ­ INL Workshop, April 22, 2008 C-BGP Modeling the Routing of an ISP Bruno Quoitin bruno.quoitin@uclouvain.be IP Networking Lab (INL)! Computer Science & Engineering Department Université. Uhlig © B. Quoitin ­ INL Workshop, April 22, 2008 ISP Model AS X AS Y AS Z AS A AS B X1 Y1 Z1 A1 A2 B1 R

Bonaventure, Olivier

389

An Original Route to Immobilize an Organic Biocide onto a Transparent Tin Dioxide Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Original Route to Immobilize an Organic Biocide onto a Transparent Tin Dioxide Electrode ... Chloramine is increasingly being considered as an alternative final disinfectant to chlorine in drinking water treatment even if it is generally not as potent as free chlorine against planktonic organisms. ... Moreover, the detection of chlorine by XPS (surface sensitive) and by EDX (bulk sensitive) indicates that the organic deposit is chlorinated throughout its thickness. ...

Catherine Debiemme-Chouvy; Sanae Haskouri; Guy Folcher; Hubert Cachet

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

390

Power-aware node-disjoint multipath source routing with low overhead in MANET  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the advance of wireless communication technologies, small-size and high-performance computing and communication devices like laptops and personal digital assistants are increasingly used in daily life. After the success of second generation mobile system, more interest was started in wireless communications. This interest had led to two types of the wireless networks such as infrastructure wireless network and infrastructure less wireless network, also called mobile ad hoc network (MANET). The research challenges in MANET are related to the routing, security, reliability, scalability, quality of services, internetworking, power consumption and multimedia applications. All the mobile nodes of MANET operate on the battery power; hence power consumption becomes an important issue in MANET. It proposes a power-aware node-disjoint multipath source routing (PNDMSR) for real-time traffic, which balances the node energy utilisation to increase the network lifetime. It takes the network congestion into account to reduce the routing delay across the network, and increases the reliability of the data packets reaching the destination.

M. Bheemalingaiah; M.M. Naidu; D. Sreenivasa Rao; G. Varaprasad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

En Route to the Clinic: Diagnostic Sequencing Applications Using the Ion Torrent ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Donna Muzny on "En route to the clinic: Diagnostic sequencing applications using the Ion Torrent" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Muzny, Donna [Baylor College of Medicine

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

392

Plan Your Route to Success BUSINESS AND SOCIAL INNOVATION | BUILDING STRONG LEADERS | FROM THE CORNER OFFICE | HOUSE OF BRANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plan Your Route to Success BUSINESS AND SOCIAL INNOVATION | BUILDING STRONG LEADERS | FROM for companies with a diverse brand portfolio? 14 Where Business and Social Innovation Meet How three companies

Huang, Jianyu

393

Lifetime-Extended, Power-Aware, Non-position Base Localized Routing in Hybrid Ad-Hoc/Infrastructure Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a localized routing protocol for both hybrid ad-hoc/infrastructure networks and conventional ad-hoc networks. The ... that the proposed protocol improves efficiency in both hybrid and conventi...

Xueqing Li; Roshdy H. M. Hafez

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Geotechnical, Geological, and Hydrologic Characterization of a 52km Electrical Power Transmission Line Alignment Route in Southeastern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 132 kVA electrical transmission line has been proposed to connect the towns ... hydrological study was performed to geotechnically characterize the route alignment and to provide data for design of the foundati...

A. O. Ilori; N. U. Essien; A. E. Edet

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Design and development of a vehicle routing system under capacity, time-windows and rush-order reloading considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A VEHICLE ROUTING SYSTEM UNDER CAPACITY, TIME-WINDOWS AND RUSH-ORDER RELOADING CONSIDERATIONS A Thesis by GOPALAKRISHNAN EASWARAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2003 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A VEHICLE ROUTING SYSTEM UNDER CAPACITY, TIME-WINDOWS AND RUSH-ORDER RELOADING...

Easwaran, Gopalakrishnan

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

Joint Routing, Scheduling And Power Control For Multihop Wireless Networks With Multiple Antennas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of Joint Routing, Scheduling and Power-control (JRSP) problem for multihop wireless networks (MHWN) with multiple antennas. We extend the problem and a (sub-optimal) heuristic solution method for JRSP in MHWN with single antennas. We present an iterative scheme to calculate link capacities(achievable rates) in the interference environment of the network using SINR model. We then present the algorithm for solving the JRSP problem. This completes a feasible system model for MHWN when nodes have multiple antennas. We show that the gain we achieve by using multiple antennas in the network is linear both in optimal performance as well as heuristic algorithmic performance.

Vangala, Harish; Sharma, Prof Vinod

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Reconstructing Nineteenth Century Trade Route between Bhutan and Assam: Evidences from British Political Missions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of study Although trade routes played an important role in human civilisation, it seems to have attracted less attention in the literature than what it deserves. A 20-million strong records at the Library of Congress database accommodate only 134... the purview, the present study concentrates mainly on their geographical outlines. 4 The literature also attempts to develop the silk-road theory. Pioneers in this field are A.G.Frank,19 B.K.Gills,20 J.L.Abu- Lughod21, W.G.McNeill22 and others...

Ray, Indrajit; Sarkar, Ratna

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A dynamic vehicle routing problem based on real-time traffic information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We treat the dynamic vehicle routing problem with time windows (DVRPTW) in the context of real-time traffic information. We integrate traffic information obtained in real time to change the speed profile according to the accidents on the road network (congestion, etc.). The travel times are based on a time-dependent model in which the travel speeds are step functions. This model is enriched with an exponential smoothing function able to calculate the forecasted speed. The analysis of the results of these experiments shows that our method with real-time traffic information provides a good performance, a better robustness against a simple model with time dependent travel time.

Xin Zhao; Gilles Goncalves; Remy Dupas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Trial of the Route of Early Nutritional Support in Critically Ill Adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...secondary outcomes, we used Fisher's exact test to analyze binary outcomes, t-tests to analyze the number of infectious complications and duration of organ support (with bootstrapping for anticipated non-normality in the latter), and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests to analyze the length of stay, stratified according... Nutritional support is standard for critically ill patients and requires a complex calculus of timing, route of delivery, and the amount and type of nutrients that are administered all of which may affect patient outcomes. The interpretation of ...

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Physical Property of Magnesium Doped Barium Hexaferrite Particles By Citrate Precursor Route In Presence Of Surfactants  

SciTech Connect

M-type Barium Magnesium hexaferrite with the composition BaMg{sub 2}Fe{sub 10}O{sub 19} was successfully prepared with and without surfactant by using a citrate precursor route. The obtained precursors were calcined at various temperatures. The crystalline structure, phase analysis and particle size were investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) techniques. It is observed that the surfactant addition controls the microstructure of the formed Barium Magnesium hexaferrite particles and the type of surfactant plays a crucial role in deciding the morphology of particles.

Paladiya, Snehal; Chauhan, C. C.; Jotania, R. B. [Indus Institute of Technology and Engineering, Rancharda via Thaltej, Ahmedabad-382 115. Gujarat (India)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Route to transition metal carbide nanoparticles through cyanamide and metal oxides  

SciTech Connect

We have designed an efficient route to the synthesis of transition metal carbide nanoparticles starting from an organic reagent cyanamide and transition metal oxides. Four technologically important metal carbide nanoparticles such as tungsten carbide, niobium carbide, tantalum carbide and vanadium carbide were synthesized successfully at moderate temperatures. It is found that cyanamide is an efficient carburization reagent and that the metal oxides are completely transmitted into the corresponding carbide nanoparticles. A possible mechanism is proposed to explain the results of the reaction between cyanamide and the metal oxides.

Li, P.G. [Department of Physics, Center for Optoelectronics Materials and Devices, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Xiasha College Park, Hangzhou 310018 (China)], E-mail: peigangiphy@yahoo.com.cn; Lei, M.; Tang, W.H. [Department of Physics, Center for Optoelectronics Materials and Devices, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Xiasha College Park, Hangzhou 310018 (China)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

IP Routing Table Compression Using TCAM and Distance-one Merge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subtraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 IV.7 Pseudo Code to Convert a Range of IP Addresses to Cubes . . . . . 27 IV.8 Pseudo Code to Compress a Cover Using d1merge . . . . . . . . . . . 29 IV.9 Pseudo Code to Compress the Routing Table... Specified Functions (CSFs). Definition 5 A Literal is defined as a variable or its complement Definition 6 A Cube is defined as a conjunction of literals. Definition 7 A cube c is an Implicant ofF iff c?f +d Definition 8 A cube c1 is contained in a cube c2...

Bollapalli, Kalyana Chakravarthy

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

403

Allocating application to group of consecutive processors in fault-tolerant deadlock-free routing path defined by routers obeying same rules for path selection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a multiple processor computing apparatus, directional routing restrictions and a logical channel construct permit fault tolerant, deadlock-free routing. Processor allocation can be performed by creating a linear ordering of the processors based on routing rules used for routing communications between the processors. The linear ordering can assume a loop configuration, and bin-packing is applied to this loop configuration. The interconnection of the processors can be conceptualized as a generally rectangular 3-dimensional grid, and the MC allocation algorithm is applied with respect to the 3-dimensional grid.

Leung, Vitus J. (Albuquerque, NM); Phillips, Cynthia A. (Albuquerque, NM); Bender, Michael A. (East Northport, NY); Bunde, David P. (Urbana, IL)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Global reaction route mapping of isomerization pathways of exotic C{sub 6}H molecular species  

SciTech Connect

C{sub 6}H radical is known to exist in the astrophysical environment in linear form; however, it may originate from nonlinear isomeric forms. Potential energy surface of C{sub 6}H is explored to search isomers of C{sub 6}H and transition states connecting them. This work reports first-ever identification of reaction pathways for isomerization of C{sub 6}H. The reaction route search is performed through global reaction route mapping method, which utilizes an uphill walking technique based on an anharmonic downward distortion following approach to search intermediates and transition states. The computations performed at the CASSCF/aug-cc-pVTZ, CCSD(T)/6-311++G(d,p)//DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p), and DFT/B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ levels of the theory identified 14 isomers (including 8 new isomeric forms of C{sub 6}H) and 28 transition states. Most of the identified isomers are found to have significant multireference character. The kinetic stability and natural bond orbital analysis of the identified isomers is also investigated. The isomeric forms are further characterized using spectral analysis involving rotational constants, vibrational frequencies, and Raman scattering activities as well as analyzing the effect of isotopic substitution of hydrogen on the spectral features. This study proposes that the linear-C{sub 6}H can readily isomerize to a six-member ring isomer.

Vikas,, E-mail: qlabspu@pu.ac.in, E-mail: qlabspu@yahoo.com; Kaur, Gurpreet [Quantum Chemistry Group, Department of Chemistry and Centre of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014 (India)] [Quantum Chemistry Group, Department of Chemistry and Centre of Advanced Studies in Chemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014 (India)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Electromigration-aware dynamic routing algorithm for network-on-chip applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an electromigration-aware dynamic routing algorithm, EMARA, for network-on-chip (NoC) applications that has the ability to eliminate the electromigration effects in order to increase the lifetime of SoCs. We formulate the expected lifetime of the NoC system based on the electromigration phenomenon as a function of the bidirectional link load. We introduce the concept of void packet to help in balancing the link load in the case of severe unbalanced condition. We investigate the trade off between the expected system boosted lifetime using EMARA and the network performance measured by average packet latency and power consumption. By utilising bidirectional balanced data transfer, our algorithm increases the expected system's lifetime by two to six orders of magnitude compared with other XY-based dynamic routing algorithms. Simulation results demonstrate that EMARA can achieve more than two orders of magnitude improvement in expected system's lifetime, independently of both traffic pattern and injection rate, with only 1.14% and 4% increase in power consumption and average packet latency, respectively.

Amir Hosseini; Vahid Shabro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Time-Slotted On-Demand Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Unmanned Vehicle Systems  

SciTech Connect

The popularity of UAVs has increased dramatically because of their successful deployment in military operations, their ability to preserve human life, and the continual improvements in wireless communication that serves to increase their capabilities. We believe the usefulness of UAVs would be dramatically increased if formation flight were added to the list of capabilities. Currently, sustained formation flight with a cluster of UAVs has only been achieved with two nodes by the Multi-UAV Testbed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (Park, 2004) Formation flight is a complex operation requiring the ability to adjust the flight patterns on the fly and correct for wind gusts, terrain, and differences in node equipment. All of which increases the amount of inner node communication. Since one of the problems with MANET communication is network congestion, we believe a first step towards formation flight can be made through improved inner node communication. We have investigated current communication routing protocols and developed an altered hybrid routing protocol in order to provide communication with less network congestion.

Hope Forsmann; Robert Hiromoto; John Svoboda

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Bridge the Gap 2014 --Guidance for Participants Requiring Level Access This level-access route is meant to accommodate Bridge the Gap participants using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or there is an alternative route in to the College theough the Golden Gate. There will be a steward on hand to assist. 12Bridge the Gap 2014 -- Guidance for Participants Requiring Level Access This level-access route is meant to accommodate Bridge the Gap participants using wheelchairs, mobility scooters and pushchairs

Travis, Adrian

408

Microsoft Word - CX-Alvey-Fairview_VerizonFiberRouting_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2011 9, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Shelley Fenton Realty Specialist - TERR-3 Proposed Action: Granting Verizon Wireless permission to route approximately 2900 feet of fiber across fee-owned land from McVay Highway to their existing equipment pad located at Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) tower 1/5 on the Alvey-Fairview transmission line. PP&A Project No.: 2013 Budget Information: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 Burying fiber optic cable. Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures or burying fiber optic cable in existing transmission line rights-of-way. Location: Section 14; Township 18S; Range 3W - Willamette Meridian in Lane County,

409

Distribution and elimination routes of a naphthenic hydrocarbon (Dodecylcyclohexane) in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri)  

SciTech Connect

Contamination of fish by hydrocarbons, whether it occurred directly via the water or indirectly via the food chain has been the object of many studies during the last decade. The interest of laboratories have been focused on the most toxic components of crude oils, i.e., aromatic hydrocarbons but there is a lack of information on the fate of cyclic alkanes in fish. Naphthenic hydrocarbons are the least biologically active of the more mobile fractions of petroleum; nevertheless the fate of these compounds are worth considering, because they constitute respectively 41% and 19.2% of light and heavy crude oils. This paper reports the results of our experiment in which /sup 3/H-dodecylcyclohexane has been given per os to rainbow trout in order to evaluate the distribution and elimination routes of this cycloparaffin.

Cravedi, J.P.; Tulliez, J.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

An object-oriented approach to data routing in a network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a suitable generalised object-oriented formulation is devised to find the shortest paths between machines for all types of networks. Modelling the network in an object-oriented paradigm allows greater flexibility to the analyser since each class is modelled using the physical parameters of a network. Moreover, it is easier to visualise the operations in the routing algorithm. The same algorithm can also be run without any modification, even if network characteristics and topology change. Addition or subtraction of routers and links can be achieved by simple addition and subtraction of nodes and edges. In addition, for this algorithm the weighting function just needs to be changed to incorporate the requisite changes for different types of subnets. Finally, the algorithm is aptly illustrated by means of two representative case studies.

Priyam Chatterjee; Suman Chakraborty

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Charting the routes to commercialization: The absorption and transfer of energy conservation technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines how innovations in Energy Conservation Technologies (ECT's) developed through public sponsorship become commercialized. In the typical ECT project, public support is used as a catalyst bringing public and private organizations together to perform the work. The variety of routes to commercialization this creates can be analysed using two concepts: absorption and transfer. Absorption is adoption of an ECT by an organization participating in the project. Transfer is adoption by non-participants. Two cases sponsored by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (the Energy Authority) are analysed. In the first case commercialization is limited to the absorption process. In the second case both absorption and transfer are used in commercialization.

Gordon Kingsley; Barry Bozeman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

New route for degradation of chlorinated ethylenes in exhaust gases from ground water remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of an approximate finite-size description, a UV photoreactor was devised and constructed for studying the photooxidation of the chlorinated ethylenes perchloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), 1,2-dichloroethylenes (DCE), vinyl chloride (VC) and several saturated chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHC). In the cases of PCE and TCE, the efficiency of the photooxidation using irradiation by a 222nm excimer lamp and subsequent photolysis for the initiation of the process was found to be sufficiently high so that a scaling up to an industrial purification plant of exhaust gases from ground water remediation can be hopefully envisaged. Thanks to consecutive reactions with the chain-sustaining chlorine atoms, this degradation route proves capable of decomposing the other chlorinated ethylenes which are not amenable to photolysis in a direct way. For saturated CHC the utilisability of this approach is limited.

Lutz Prager; Eberhard Hartmann

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A novel route for the synthesis of nanotubes and fullerene-like nanostructures of molybdenum disulfide  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Nanotubes and fullerene-like nanostructures of MoS{sub 2} were synthesized via a microwave-assisted route in solution phase. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Microwave-assisted route for synthesis of nanotube and fullerene-like nanostructures of MoS{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Morphological analysis of the synthesized products. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solvent plays important role in the modification of morphology of MoS{sub 2}. -- Abstract: The paper described the synthesis of nanotubes and fullerene-like nanostructures of MoS{sub 2} through a technically simple, rapid, and energy-efficient microwave-assisted synthesis technique, which involved the use of elemental sulfur dissolved in a mixture of monoethanolamine and hydrazine hydrate as the sulfide source. The microwave induced reaction between the molybdate with sulfide ions, in the presence of hydrazine hydrate in the reaction medium, resulted in the formation of gray colored powders of amorphous MoS{sub 2}. The as-obtained powders were calcined at 600 Degree-Sign C for 2 h and characterized by different techniques. HRTEM analysis of the calcined samples indicated the formation of fullerene-like MoS{sub 2} structures when the starting solution mixture was irradiated with microwave for a period of 200 s, while on 600 s of irradiation of the same revealed the formation of folded sheets like MoS{sub 2} nanotubes. BET surface areas of the calcined samples have been measured and a plausible reaction mechanism for the formation of nanotubes and fullerene-like nanostructures of MoS{sub 2} has been proposed.

Panigrahi, Pravas Kumar, E-mail: pravas.iit@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Pathak, Amita, E-mail: ami@chem.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India)] [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing and Distance Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing the phe- nomenon of feedback creation at the micro-level leads to changes in network topology at the macro and analyses still to be completed, v3.03) Abstract. We investigate information networks whose nodes can emit

White, Douglas R.

415

Sel sh Routing in Non-Cooperative Networks: R. Feldmann, M. Gairing, T. Lucking, B. Monien, and M. Rode ??  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sel#12;sh Routing in Non-Cooperative Networks: A Survey ? R. Feldmann, M. Gairing, T. Lucking, B. Monien, and M. Rode ?? Department of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Mathematics University regulation for several reasons: The size of the network may be too large, the net- works may be dynamically

Elsässer, Robert

416

698 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 7, NO. 5, OCTOBER 1999 A New Distributed Route Selection Approach for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

route se- lection approach, called parallel probing, for real-time channel es- tablishment in a point-to-point and Engineer- ing, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India. He is with the Department of Electrical was with the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India. He is now

417

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time emissions, and several laboratory and field methods are available for estimating vehicle emissions rates (1 and then begins to increase again (2); hence, the relationship between emission rates and travel speed

Bertini, Robert L.

418

Simulation of the RPL Routing Protocol for IPv6 Sensor Networks: two cases studies Leila Ben Saad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by our own RPL module. We then focus on the performance comparison of simulated sensor networks and real global lifetime. Keywords-Network Simulation, RPL, PLC, IPv6, Mobile Sinks, Energy Optimization, WSN, 802Simulation of the RPL Routing Protocol for IPv6 Sensor Networks: two cases studies Leila Ben Saad

Boyer, Edmond

419

15th International Conference Ramiran, May 3-6, 2013, Versailles Accounting GHG emissions from sludge treatment and disposal routes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15th International Conference Ramiran, May 3-6, 2013, Versailles Accounting GHG emissions from is responsible of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. In 2010 and 2011, Irstea produces a tool called G ESTABoues to quantify GHG emissions emitted during sludge treatment and disposal routes. This paper aims to present how

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

Integrated Ant Colony and Tabu Search approach for time dependent vehicle routing problems with simultaneous pickup and delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today manufacturers have become much more concerned with the coordination of both manufacturing (of new products) and recycling (of reusable resources) operations. This requires simultaneous scheduling of both forward and reverse flows of goods over ... Keywords: Ant Colony System, Reverse logistics, Tabu Search algorithm, Time dependent vehicle routing problem, VRP with simultaneous pick-ups and deliveries (VRPSPD)

Tao Zhang; W. Art Chaovalitwongse; Yuejie Zhang

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

1138 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 60, NO. 3, MARCH 2011 A Storage-Friendly Routing Scheme in Intermittently  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-tolerant networks under various conditions. Index Terms--Mobile computing, routing. I. INTRODUCTION Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 60773138, Grant 60834004, Grant 60971102, and Grant 60932003, by the National Grand Fundamental Research Program of China973 under Grant 2009CB320504 and Grant

Latchman, Haniph A.

422

Oxalyl-Coenzyme A Reduction to Glyoxylate Is the Preferred Route of Oxalate Assimilation in Methylobacterium extorquens AM1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tetrahydrofolate pathway to fuel the serine cycle, and...was transferred to a vessel containing a mixture...different sample sets. Consumption (orange) and production...route for glyoxylate consumption during growth on two-carbon...tetrahydrofolate pathway to fuel the serine cycle, and...

Kathrin Schneider; Elizabeth Skovran; Julia A. Vorholt

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

Synthesis and Characterization of Ag-or Sb-Doped ZnO Nanorods by a Facile Hydrothermal Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and Characterization of Ag- or Sb-Doped ZnO Nanorods by a Facile Hydrothermal Route Oleg Stefan Cel Mare BouleVard, MD-2004 Chisinau, Republic of MoldoVa, AdVanced Materials Processing ZnO nanorods doped with Ag and Sb have been synthesized by a facile hydrothermal technique. Crystal

Kik, Pieter

424

Taking an Alternative Route: A guide for fleet operators and individual owners using alternative fuels in cars and trucks  

SciTech Connect

Taking an Alternative Route is a 30-page guide for fleet managers and individual owners on using alternative fuels in cars and trucks. Discussed in detail are all fuels authorized for federal credits under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct). The publication informs federal and state fleet managers about how to comply with EPAct, and provides information about the Clean Air Act Amendments.

LaRocque, T.

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

425

New Routes to Transition Metal-Carbido Species: Synthesis and Characterization of the Carbon-Centered Trigonal Prismatic Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Routes to Transition Metal-Carbido Species: Synthesis and Characterization of the Carbon 94720-1460 Received May 5, 2003; E-mail: jlong@cchem.berkeley.edu Transition metal-carbon clusters have long been of interest as fragments of refractory metal carbides and models for intermediates

426

Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-Chuan Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-occurrence framework for ranking and select- ing Deep Web sources that provide information relevant to users requirement. Given the huge number of heterogeneous Deep Web data sources, the end users may not know

Li, Chengkai

427

Yucca Mountain transportation routes: Preliminary characterization and risk analysis; Volume 2, Figures [and] Volume 3, Technical Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This report presents appendices related to the preliminary assessment and risk analysis for high-level radioactive waste transportation routes to the proposed Yucca Mountain Project repository. Information includes data on population density, traffic volume, ecologically sensitive areas, and accident history.

Souleyrette, R.R. II; Sathisan, S.K.; di Bartolo, R. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV (United States). Transportation Research Center] [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV (United States). Transportation Research Center

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Factors Affecting Route Selection and Survival of Steelhead Kelts at Snake River Dams in 2012 and 2013  

SciTech Connect

In 2012 and 2013, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a study that summarized the passage proportions and route-specific survival rates of steelhead kelts that passed through Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) dams. To accomplish this, a total of 811 steelhead kelts were tagged with Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) transmitters. Acoustic receivers, both autonomous and cabled, were deployed throughout the FCRPS to monitor the downstream movements of tagged-kelts. Kelts were also tagged with Passive Integrated Transponder tags to monitor passage through juvenile bypass systems and detect returning fish. The current study evaluated data collected in 2012 and 2013 to identify individual, behavioral, environmental and dam operation variables that were related to passage and survival of steelhead kelts that passed through FCRPS dams. Bayesian model averaging of multivariable logistic regression models was used to identify the environmental, temporal, operational, individual, and behavioral variables that had the highest probability of influencing the route of passage and the route-specific survival probabilities for kelts that passed Lower Granite (LGR), Little Goose (LGS), and Lower Monumental (LMN) dams in 2012 and 2013. The posterior probabilities of the best models for predicting route of passage ranged from 0.106 for traditional spill at LMN to 0.720 for turbine passage at LGS. Generally, the behavior (depth and near-dam searching activity) of kelts in the forebay appeared to have the greatest influence on their route of passage. Shallower-migrating kelts had a higher probability of passing via the weir and deeper-migrating kelts had a higher probability of passing via the JBS and turbines than other routes. Kelts that displayed a higher level of near-dam searching activity had a higher probability of passing via the spillway weir and those that did less near-dam searching had a higher probability of passing via the JBS and turbines. The side of the river in which kelts approached the dam and dam operations also affected route of passage. Dam operations and the size and condition of kelts were found to have the greatest effect on route-specific survival probabilities for fish that passed via the spillway at LGS. That is, longer kelts and those in fair condition had a lower probability of survival for fish that passed via the spillway weir. The survival of spillway weir- and deep-spill passed kelts was positively correlated with the percent of the total discharge that passed through turbine unit 4. Too few kelts passed through the traditional spill, JBS, and turbine units to evaluate survival through these routes. The information gathered in this study describes Snake River steelhead kelt passage behavior, rates, and distributions through the FCRPS as well as provide information to biologists and engineers about the dam operations and abiotic conditions that are related to passage and survival of steelhead kelts.

Harnish, Ryan A.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Li, Xinya; Ham, Kenneth D.; Deng, Zhiqun

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Sustainable bio kerosene: Process routes and industrial demonstration activities in aviation biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Alternative fuels are expected to play a major role in EU in the coming years due European Directives on the promotion of renewable energies and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in transports. However, while in road transports a variety of possible renewable fuels (mainly biofuels, but also electricity) can be considered, in aviation only high quality paraffinic biofuels can be adopted. This means that biomass must be converted through advanced processes into pure hydrocarbon fuels, fully compatible with the existing systems. The aviation sector is responsible for the 2% of the world anthropogenic CO2 emissions and the 10% of the fuel consumption: airlines costs for fuel reach 30% of operating costs. In addition, the aviation traffic is expected to double within 15years from 2012, while fuel consumption and CO2 emissions should double in 25years. Thus, more than 2 billion people and 40 Mt of good/cargo will have to be moved every year. In this context, the EU Flightpath set a target of 2Mt per year for aviation alternative fuel by 2020 (i.e. 4% of annual fuel consumption). New processes towards bio-hydrocarbons are being developed, demonstrated and soon industrialized. The present work explores the possible routes from biomass feedstock to sustainable paraffinic fuels, either through bio or thermo-chemical processes, as well as discusses those more mature, focusing on industrial demonstration initiatives. In fact, while the number of possible options towards paraffinic biofuel production is very large, and covers both thermochemical and biochemical routes, as well as hybrid one, only two pathways are today ready for testing a significant large scale: these are FT and Hydrotreating. Major industrial activities and testing experiences are thus reported in the present work. In this context, the ITAKA group is developing a full value-chain in Europe to produce sustainable drop-in Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (SPK) called HEFA in an economically, socially and environmentally sound manner, at large scale enough to allow testing its use in existing logistic systems and in normal flight operations in Europe. The generated knowledge will aim to identify and address barriers to innovation. Within ITAKA, possible pre-processing of used (waste) cooking oil (UCO) to make it compatible with current downstream hydroprocessing techniques are being investigated: this can includes esterification of waste oils, as well as catalytic thermal processing, which will be carried out in a pilot unit available at RE-CORD/CREAR. First samples of feedstock oils were collected and characterized, for further investigation towards their conversion into biokerosene through hydrotreatment.

David Chiaramonti; Matteo Prussi; Marco Buffi; Daniela Tacconi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamic global mapping of contended links  

SciTech Connect

A massively parallel nodal computer system periodically collects and broadcasts usage data for an internal communications network. A node sending data over the network makes a global routing determination using the network usage data. Preferably, network usage data comprises an N-bit usage value for each output buffer associated with a network link. An optimum routing is determined by summing the N-bit values associated with each link through which a data packet must pass, and comparing the sums associated with different possible routes.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

431

ROUTEMAP model for predicting aircraft noise exposure along military training routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model and PC?based computer program has been prepared to calculate noise levels along low?altitude high?speed military training routes. The program is designed for use by environmental planning personnel who are familiar with MTR operations and with noise but are not necessarily expert. The program provides options for selecting general types of operations (visual or instrument navigation) aircraft types and speeds altitudes and nominal track centerlines. Up to 20 track/altitude/aircraft types may be defined within a 20?mi?wide corridor. Aircraft on each track have a Gaussian lateral distribution about the centerline. The program contains nominal standard deviations based on the type of operations or the user may specify a site?specific value. Aircraft noise emission levels are derived from the USAF NOISEFILE database. The program calculates L eq L dn and L dnmr where L dnmr is L dn with an adjustment to account for the onset rate of MTR aircraft noise. Program output is available in tabular form or in graphs suitable for inclusion in reports. [This work was sponsored by USAF AAMRL/BBE.

Michael J. Lucas; Kenneth J. Plotkin

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Thermal property and microstructure of Al nanopowders produced by two evaporation routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Al nanopowders with diameters ranging from 20 to 50 nm passivated by Al2O3 coatings were produced by two different evaporation routes: induction heating evaporation (IHE) and laser-induction complex heating evaporation (LCHE). Thermal property of the nanopowders was investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA) in dry oxygen environment. The results show that Al nanopowders produced by LCHE have the oxidation enthalpy change (?H) of 3.54 kJ/g, while the ?H of Al produced by IHE is 1.18 kJ/g. The phase constitution and microstructures of these nanopowders were revealed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electronic microscopy (HRTEM). The results show that the two powders have the same composition and mean particle size, as well as the thickness of Al2O3 coatings (35 nm). Defects were observed on the surfaces of the particles by LCHE. However, the defects were not detected by HRTEM on the surfaces of the particles by IHE. The results prove that there exists excessive stored energy in Al nanopowders by LCHE because of the nonequilibrium condition brought by laser and the defects are the storage area of the excessive stored energy. Propellants composed of Al nanopowders by LCHE show higher energy level and specific impulse.

Liang CHEN; Wu-lin SONG; Lian-gui GUO; Chang-sheng XIE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Routing of radioactive shipments in networks with time-varying costs and curfews  

SciTech Connect

This research examines routing of radioactive shipments in highway networks with time-dependent travel times and population densities. A time-dependent least-cost path (TDLCP) algorithm that uses a label-correcting approach is adapted to include curfews and waiting at nodes. A method is developed to estimate time-dependent population densities, which are required to estimate risk associated with the use of a particular highway link at a particular time. The TDLCP algorithm is implemented for example networks and used to examine policy questions related to radioactive shipments. It is observed that when only Interstate highway facilities are used to transport these materials, a shipment must go through many cities and has difficulty avoiding all of them during their rush hour periods. Decreases in risk, increased departure time flexibility, and modest increases in travel times are observed when primary and/or secondary roads are included in the network. Based on the results of the example implementation, the suitability of the TDLCP algorithm for strategic nuclear material and general radioactive material shipments is demonstrated.

Bowler, L.A.; Mahmassani, H.S. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Photon Routing in Cavity QED: Beyond the Fundamental Limit of Photon Blockade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most simple and seemingly straightforward application of the photon blockade effect, in which the transport of one photon prevents the transport of others, would be to separate two incoming indistinguishable photons to different output ports. We show that time-energy uncertainty relations inherently prevent this ideal situation when the blockade is implemented by a two-level system. The fundamental nature of this limit is revealed in the fact that photon blockade in the strong coupling regime of cavity QED, resulting from the nonlinearity of the Jaynes-Cummings energy level structure, exhibits efficiency and temporal behavior identical to those of photon blockade in the bad cavity regime, where the underlying nonlinearity is that of the atom itself. We demonstrate that this limit can be exceeded, yet not avoided, by exploiting time-energy entanglement between the incident photons. Finally, we show how this limit can be circumvented completely by using a three-level atom coupled to a single-sided cavity, enabling an ideal and robust photon routing mechanism.

Serge Rosenblum; Scott Parkins; Barak Dayan

2011-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

435

A novel architecture for multihops routing ad hoc underwater acoustic sensor networking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underwater acoustic communication networks are an innovative issue which faces difficult medium problems such as long propagation time and dynamic network topology. In addition due to high error probabilities typical for this channel it is preferred to use anti collision network mechanism. Because of the long propagation time methods such as CTS/RTS requiring transmissions of pre?messages achieve relatively low network efficiency. Moreover TDMA methods do not utilize the network resources allowing reuse in the code domain (using CDMA) and in the spatial domain in case of nonhomogenic network topology which includes obstructions in the acoustic line of sight. In this paper we introduce a network concept based on the CDMA method confronting the acoustic underwater network challenges such as the near?far problem fast time varying topology multihops routing and message distribution protection. Using this concept a sea trial including broadcast multicast and unicast transmissions of SMS and navigation control messages was carried out in various scenarios including multihops near the shores of Israel. We present results from this sea trial demonstrating the efficacy of the proposed networking scheme.

Roee Diamant; Azriel Sinai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Implementation and initial evaluation of a decision support platform for selecting production routes of biomass-derived chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A decision support platform is developed to evaluate and screen options for producing chemicals from biomass feedstock. The platform is based on the modelling of the socalled compartmental processing blocks (CPBs) and their connections. It includes a simulation tool and a synthesis/optimisation tool, both based on a central database which holds process and economic information about individual CPBs. The synthesis/optimisation tool performs screening over multiple production routes by means of modelling and optimisation of superstructures that represent possible feedstock, routes, and products in a given case of assessment. The current implementation uses Excel for the database and the simulation tool, while the synthesis/ optimisation tool is based on GAMS. A case study on green ethylene production is reported to illustrate the application of the platform.

Marinella Tsakalova; Ta-Chen Lin; Aidong Yang; Antonis C. Kokossis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

IMPROVING THE USER EXPERIENCE OF THE LAWRENCE TRANSIT SYSTEM: A FOCUS ON MAP USABILITY AND ROUTE PLANNING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lawrence Memorial Hospital East Lawrence Recreation Center East Hills Business Park Douglas County Fairgrounds KU Park & Ride (open to public) OP 1 OP 2 OP 3 OP 4 OP 5 OP 6 OP 7 OP 5 OP 6 OP 8 ??? 70 OP 10 OP 32 OP 10 ?? 24/40 ?? 40/59 ?? 24/59 ??? 70... to the Lawrence Memorial Hospital. HINU 1 2 74 92 E.Berkman HINU Routes Routes 1, 2, 4, 7 1 2 4 Libr ar y Hospital F r ee S ta t e H.S. D ow n t ow n W al-M ar t - S outh Checkers HINU6th / W ak arusa East H ills Business P ar k D ow n t ow n P ost O f_f_ic e...

Berkman, Eric

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Synthesis, Characterization, and Formation Mechanism of Copper Sulfide-Core/Carbon-Sheath Cables by a Simple Hydrothermal Route  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis, Characterization, and Formation Mechanism of Copper Sulfide-Core/Carbon-Sheath Cables by a Simple Hydrothermal Route ... Copper sulfide-core/carbon-shell cables and spheres have been prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. ... The obtained CuS/C cables and spheres were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Raman, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence, and UV?vis-NIR spectrum analysis. ...

Guang-Yi Chen; Bin Deng; Guo-Bin Cai; Wen-Fei Dong; Wan-Xi Zhang; An-Wu Xu

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

439

A real-time routing protocol with mobility support and load distribution for mobile wireless sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile wireless sensor network (MWSN) is a wireless ad hoc network that consists of a very large number of tiny sensor nodes communicating with each other in which sensor nodes are either equipped with motors for active mobility or attached to mobile objects for passive mobility. A real-time routing protocol for MWSN is an exciting area of research because messages are delivered according to their end-to-end deadlines. MWSN demands real-time routing in many applications including disasters fighting, forest fire detection and volcanic eruption detection. This paper proposes a novel idea of real-time that provides mobility and load distribution (RTMLD) for MWSN. RTMLD utilised corona mechanism and optimal forwarding metrics to forward the data packet in MWSN. It computes the optimal forwarding node based on RSSI, remaining battery level of sensor nodes and packet delay over one-hop. RTMLD ensures high packet delivery ratio and experiences minimum end-to-end delay in WSN and MWSN compared with baseline routing protocol. RTMLD has been successfully verified through test bed and simulation experiment.

Adel A. Ahmed; Norsheila Fisal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Multi-step self-assembly route to three-dimensional block copolymer-semiconducting nanoparticle photonic arrays with structural hierarchy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A new multi-step self-assembly route to polymer-semiconducting nanoparticle photonic structures is described. The multi-step self-assembly strategy targets complex hierarchical structures in which organization of cadmium (more)

Yusuf, Huda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Estimation of Hourly Solar Loads on the Surfaces of Moving Refrigerated Tractor Trailers Outfitted with Phase Change Materials (PCMs) for Several Routes across the Continental U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this thesis was to calculate solar loads, wind chill temperatures on the surfaces of moving refrigerated tractor trailers outfitted with phase change materials (PCMs) for several routes across the Continental United States...

Varadarajan, Krupasagar

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

Uptake, depuration, and radiation dose estimation in zebrafish exposed to radionuclides via aqueous or dietary routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding uptake and depuration of radionuclides in organisms is necessary to relate exposure to radiation dose and ultimately to biological effects. We investigated uptake and depuration of a mixture of radionuclides to link bioaccumulation with radiation dose in zebrafish, Danio rerio. Adult zebrafish were exposed to radionuclides (54Mn, 60Co, 65Zn, 75Se, 109Cd, 110mAg, 134Cs and 241Am) at tracer levels (dose rates were modelled from activity concentrations in whole body and exposure medium (water or diet). After 14-day aqueous exposure, radionuclides were detected in decreasing activity concentrations: 75Se>65Zn>109Cd>110mAg>54Mn>60Co>241Am>134Cs (range: 1758Bqg1). After dietary exposure the order of radionuclide activity concentration in tissues (Bqg?1) was: 65Zn>60Co>75Se>109Cd>110mAg>241Am>54Mn>134Cs (range: 911Bqg?1). Aqueous exposure resulted in higher whole body activity concentrations for all radionuclides except 60Co. Route of exposure did not appear to influence activity concentrations in gonads, except for 54Mn, 65Zn, and 75Se, which had higher activity concentrations in gonads following aqueous exposure. Highest gonad activity concentrations (Bqg?1) were for 75Se (211), 109Cd (142), and 65Zn (117), and highest dose rates (?Gyh?1) were from 241Am (aqueous, 1050; diet 242). This study links radionuclide bioaccumulation data obtained in laboratory experiments with radiation dose determined by application of a dosimetry modelling tool, an approach that will enable better linkages to be made between exposure, dose, and effects of radionuclides in organisms.

Helena C. Reinardy; Jean-Louis Teyssie; Ross A. Jeffree; David Copplestone; Theodore B. Henry; Awadhesh N. Jha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Using GPS data in route choice analysis : case study in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pervasive location-based technologies, such as GPS and cell phone, help us find the pattern of geographical information of human behavior and also help dig opportunities in real world. In transportation field, they ...

Hou, Anyang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The effect of different annealing temperatures on tin and cadmium telluride phases obtained by a modified chemical route  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Synthesis of cadmium and tin telluride. ? Chemical route to obtain pure crystalline cadmium and tin telluride. ? Effect of the annealing temperature on the crystalline phases. ? Removal of tin oxide as side product through thermal treatment. -- Abstract: In this work tin and cadmium telluride were prepared by a modification of a chemical route reported in the literature to obtain metallacycles formed by oxidative addition of tin-tellurium bonds to platinum (II). Through this procedure it was possible to obtain tin and cadmium telluride. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to identify the crystalline phases obtained as well as the presence of side products. In the case of tin telluride it was identified potassium chloride, metallic tellurium and tin oxide as contaminants. The tin oxidation states were also monitored by {sup 119}Sn Mssbauer spectroscopy. The annealing in hydrogen atmosphere was chosen as a strategy to reduce the tin oxide and promote its reaction with the excess of tellurium present in the medium. The evolution of this tin oxide phase was studied through the annealing of the sample at different temperatures. Cadmium telluride was obtained with high degree of purity (98.5% relative weight fraction) according to the Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction data. The modified procedure showed to be very effective to obtain amorphous tin and cadmium telluride and the annealing at 450 C has proven to be useful to reduce the amount of oxide produced as side product.

Mesquita, Anderson Fuzer [Departamento de Qumica, CCE, Universidade Federal do Esprito Santo, Campus Goiabeiras, 29075-910 Vitria, Esprito Santo (Brazil)] [Departamento de Qumica, CCE, Universidade Federal do Esprito Santo, Campus Goiabeiras, 29075-910 Vitria, Esprito Santo (Brazil); Porto, Arilza de Oliveira, E-mail: arilzaporto@yahoo.com.br [Departamento de Qumica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Magela de Lima, Geraldo [Departamento de Qumica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Departamento de Qumica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Paniago, Roberto [Departamento de Fsica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fsica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Ardisson, Jos Domingos [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, CDTN/CNEN, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, CDTN/CNEN, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Application of the soluble salt-assisted route to scalable synthesis of ZnO nanopowder with repeated photocatalytic activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the soluble salt-assisted route has been extended to the low-cost and scalable preparation of ZnO nanostructures via the simple oxidation of ZnNa2SO4 mixture followed by washing with water. The as-prepared ZnO nanopowders are of nanoscaled size, hexagonal phase, and pure, without being stained by Na2SO4. Their optical band gap is 3.22eV, exhibiting a red-shift of 0.15eV in comparison with pure ZnO bulk, and their optical absorbance is strong in the region of 200400nm, suggesting their full utilization of most of the UV light in sunlight. The product shows evident photocatalytic activity in degradation of RhB under solar light irradiation, and then its solar light degradation efficiency is close to that under UV irradiation, indicating that there is a possibility of practical application. More importantly, the obtained ZnO nanoparticles, because of the quick precipitation by themselves in solution with no stirring, could be easily recycled without any accessorial means such as high-speed centrifuge. The low-cost and scalable preparation, high photocatalytic activity, and convenient recycling of this ZnO nanomaterial gives it potential in purifying waste water. Hence the interesting results in this study indicate the wide range of the soluble salt-assisted route for the industrial preparation of many other advanced nanomaterials.

Yingying Lv; Leshu Yu; Heyong Huang; Yuying Feng; Dongzhen Chen; Xin Xie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

L'hydrogene pour le transport sur route : ralisations et dveloppements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen for road transportation : achievements and developments. At the beginning of this millenium, hydrogen appears as a potential energy carrier for the future. Thus, it could serve as a storage medium for renewable energy forms, which should play an increasing part in the world energy supply. In a closer future, hydrogen could also become a fuel for prospective fuel-cell and internal-combustion vehicles. We present here an inventory of the various technologies related to the use of hydrogen in road transportation : propulsion type (fuel cell and electric motor, or internal combustion engine), hydrogen production, on-board storage, infrastructure. Safety, standardization and regulation aspects will also be addressed. Presently, the majority of hydrogen buses are equipped with polymer membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), directly supplied with hydrogen from pressurized vessels (300 bars). On the other hand, car manufacturers are developing various types of experimental vehicles : internal-combustion engine cars with liquid hydrogen storage, fuel cell (PEMFC) cars with storage of hydrogen (liquid, gaseous, hydride) or of methanol. The type of required infrastructured will depend on the type of fuel chosen by the car makers and on the requirements of the oil companies. Several hydrogen supply stations, of different technologies, have already been set up. They deliver gaseous or liquid hydrogen produced by reforming of natural gas or by electrolysis. The building of a hydrogen-based fueling system requires the development of specific means of production, transportation, storage and delivery. Public acceptance will have to be won by guaranteeing safety, reliability, performance and competitivity. Presently, research and development work is mainly carried out on : on-board storage of hydrogen ; on-board systems for the production of hydrogen from methanol and petrol ; standardization and regulation. Rsum En ce dbut de millnaire, l'hydrogne apparat comme un vecteur nergtique potentiel du futur. Il pourrait, en effet, servir d'intermdiaire de stockage des nergies renouvelables dont la part dans l'approvisionnement nergtique mondial est amene crotre. Dans un avenir bien plus proche, l'hydrogne pourrait galement devenir un carburant pour les futurs vhicules, quips de pile combustible ou de moteur combustion interne. Nous faisons ici un tat des lieux des diffrentes technologies lies l'utilisation de l'hydrogne dans le transport sur route : type de propulsion (pile combustible et moteur lectrique ou moteur combustion interne), production d'hydrogne, stockage embarqu, infrastructure. Les aspects de scurit, normalisation et rglementation sont galement abords. Actuellement, la majorit des bus hydrogne est quipe de piles membrane polymre (PEMFC) alimentes directement en hydrogne, stock dans des rservoirs sous pression (300 bars). Par contre, les constructeurs d'automobiles dveloppent diffrents types de prototypes : voitures moteur combustion interne avec stockage d'hydrogne liquide, voitures pile PEM avec stockage d'hydrogne (liquide, gaz, hydrures) ou de mthanol. Le type d'infrastructure dpendra du combustible primaire choisi par les constructeurs d'automobiles et des impratifs des compagnies ptrolires. Plusieurs stations-service hydrogne, de diffrentes technologies, ont t ralises. Elles dlivrent de l'hydrogne gazeux ou liquide, produit par reformage de gaz naturel ou par lectrolyse. La mise en place d'une filire Hydrogne ncessite, en effet, le dveloppement de moyens de production, de transport, de distribution et de stockage spcifiques. L'acceptation du public devra tre gagne par des garanties de scurit, de fiabilit, de performance et de comptitivit. Les travaux de recherche et dveloppement se concentrent actuellement sur : le stockage embarqu d'hydrogne ; les systmes embarqus de production d'hydrogne partir de mthanol et d'essence ; la normalisa

Michel Junker; Laurence Bocquet; Madjid Bendif; Daniel Karboviac

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Walk the Line: The Development of Route Selection Standards for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-level Radioactive Waste in the United States - 13519  

SciTech Connect

Although storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) are widely dispersed throughout the United States, these materials are also relatively concentrated in terms of geographic area. That is, the impacts of storage occur in a very small geographic space. Once shipments begin to a national repository or centralized interim storage facility, the impacts of SNF and HLRW will become more geographically distributed, more publicly visible, and almost certainly more contentious. The selection of shipping routes will likely be a major source of controversy. This paper describes the development of procedures, regulations, and standards for the selection of routes used to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. The paper begins by reviewing the circumstances around the development of HM-164 routing guidelines. The paper discusses the significance of New York City versus the Department of Transportation and application of HM-164. The paper describes the methods used to implement those regulations. The paper will also describe the current HM-164 designated routes and will provide a summary data analysis of their characteristics. This analysis will reveal the relatively small spatial scale of the effects of HM 164. The paper will then describe subsequent developments that have affected route selection for these materials. These developments include the use of 'representative routes' found in the Department of Energy (DOE) 2008 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the formerly proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository. The paper will describe recommendations related to route selection found in the National Academy of Sciences 2006 report Going the Distance, as well as recommendations found in the 2012 Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. The paper will examine recently promulgated federal regulations (HM-232) for selection of rail routes for hazardous materials transport. The paper concludes that while the HM 164 regime is sufficient for certain applications, it does not provide an adequate basis for a national plan to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to centralized storage and disposal facilities over a period of 30 to 50 years. (authors)

Dilger, Fred [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States)] [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, Robert J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States)] [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States); Ballard, James D. [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)] [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Work plan for vibration cable re-route and water flush system modifications for 107-AN mixer pump  

SciTech Connect

A mixer pump (75 horsepower Hazleton submersible) is to be installed in the central pump pit of Double-Shell Tank 241-AN-107 for the Caustic Addition Project. The mixer pump will be used as a platform to inject, mix, and entrain caustic with the waste, in order to bring the waste hydroxyl ion concentration into compliance with Tank Farm operating specifications. Testing of the mixer pump and caustic addition system revealed that the mixer pump`s vibration cable picks up electromagnetic interference from the motor power cable during variable speed operation of the pump. Also, it was noted that the mixer pump`s water flush system may not be as effective as desired. Ergo this work plan for improving the operation of these mixer pump subsystems. A new vibration cable shall be routed entirely outside the mixer pump support column pipe, up thru a new penetration in the pump mounting flange. The existing penetration in the side of the pipe is to be plugged. Increasing the distance between power and instrument cables may reduce or eliminate electromagnetic interference to the vibration monitor. The mixer pump water flush system shall be modified to allow pressure isolation of individual branches. A header is to be installed on the middle section of the support column. Each branch (there are three) shall contain a solenoid valve (normally open) to control flow into the branch. The solenoid cables shall be routed up thru three new penetrations in the pump mounting flange to a new electrical box mounted on the flange. The existing flush piping to the inlet screen will remain but the continuation of the flush piping to the pump discharge nozzles is to be removed and the tee plugged. New stainless steel tubing is to be run down to the pump discharge nozzles. Pressure isolation of individual branches will maximize the flush system`s effectiveness at blasting potential sediment clogs out of the pump discharge nozzles.

Leshikar, G.A.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

449

Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Dissociation as a New Route for Syngas Production: A Comparative Review and Potential of Plasma-Based Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Dissociation as a New Route for Syngas Production: A Comparative Review and Potential of Plasma-Based Technologies ... high alloy tubular reactor; furnace equipped with burners ... adiabatic refractory reactor; combustion chamber equipped with a burner and catalytic bed ...

Alexandre Lebouvier; Samuel A. Iwarere; Philippe dArgenlieu; Deresh Ramjugernath; Laurent Fulcheri

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

450

I-95 traveling north or south Exit 47 to Route 34 west to Exit 1. Turn left onto Church Street South. 100 Church  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two lights. At the third light, turn right onto Church St. South. 100 Church Street South. Pass hospital on your right and at the second light beyond York Street, turn right onto Church StreetI-95 traveling north or south Exit 47 to Route 34 west to Exit 1. Turn left onto Church Street

451

978-1-4799-5230-4/14/$31.00 c2014 IEEE 1 High Performance Adaptive Routing for Network-on-Chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

99901100@ntu.edu.tw {enjui,yyjasmine,ckcraig}@access.ee.ntu.edu.tw andywu@ntu.edu.tw Abstract--The Network, to overcome the problem of Hotspot traffic, an effective network architecture and packet routing method channel based on network information. Therefore, in this paper, to effectively utilize the proposed

Hung, Shih-Hao

452

Report to California Energy Commission on route to scale-up of polymer based PV: Funding suggestions for research and technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1 Shields Ave, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 Abstract Solar power is the most capacity has resulted in growth for the solar industry of over 30% per year for the last decadeReport to California Energy Commission on route to scale-up of polymer based PV: Funding

Islam, M. Saif

453

Oblivious Routing in On-Chip Bandwidth-Adaptive Myong Hyon Cho, Mieszko Lis, Keun Sup Shim, Michel Kinsy, Tina Wen and Srinivas Devadas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

link, and this reconfiguration can be done very rapidly in response to changing traffic demands. We Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA {mhcho, mieszko, ksshim, mkinsy, tinaw, devadas, especially when bandwidth demands of flows vary with time, because routes are not adjusted for different

Gifford, David K.

454

W&L GRANT PROPOSAL ROUTING FORM All signatures on this form must be obtained before submission of any application for external funding for grants or fellowships. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W&L GRANT PROPOSAL ROUTING FORM All signatures on this form must be obtained before submission of any application for external funding for grants or fellowships. The process is as follows. First: GRANT/AGENCY INFORMATION NAME OF FUNDING SOURCE: Submission deadline: Project start

Marsh, David

455

An Unconventional Route to High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells via Embedding Graphitic Thin Films into TiO2 Nanoparticle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and impedance spectroscopy. KEYWORDS: Carbon/TiO2 thin film, dye-sensitized solar cells, block copolymer-treated single-wall carbon nanotubes (a-SWCNs) in TiO2 film.37 The a-SWCNs modified solar cell indicated a 25An Unconventional Route to High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells via Embedding Graphitic Thin

Lin, Zhiqun

456

Route-Specific Passage Proportions and Survival Rates for Fish Passing through John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011  

SciTech Connect

This report fulfills a request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Portland, Oregon, to produce an interim report of estimates of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates for lower Columbia River dams in 2010 and 2011. The estimates are needed to update the Compass Model for the Columbia River Treaty and the new Biological Opinion before detail technical reports are published in late 2012. This report tabulates route-specific fish-passage proportions and survival rates for steelhead and Chinook salmon smolts passing through various sampled routes at John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011. Results were compiled from analyses of data acquired in spring 2010 and 2011 studies that were specifically designed to estimate dam-passage and forebay-to-tailrace survival rates, travel time metrics, and spill passage efficiency, as stipulated by the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion and the Columbia Basin Fish Accords. The study designs allowed for estimation of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates as well as estimation of forebay-passage survival, all of which are summarized herein.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

457

Queueing in Traffic Flows This project studies the effects of vehicle routing on pollution levels. We aim to develop queueing theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model to predict air pollution in a wider region. These predictions will be tested using remote sensing forecast can then predict how air pollution is affected by this emission. Rerouting Alternative routing can reduce traffic jams and air pollution. Numereous options are available to reroute traffic flows, e

Boucherie, Richard J.

458

Hydrogen production by methane steam reforming over Ru supported on NiMgAl mixed oxides prepared via hydrotalcite route  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Catalytic performance of Ru/NixMg6?xAl2 800800 mixed oxides, with x=2, 4 and 6, x being the molar ratio, towards Methane Steam Reforming, was studied. NixMg6?xAl2 800 oxide, used as support, was prepared via hydrotalcite route. It was thermally stabilized at 800C, impregnated with 0.5wt.% ruthenium using ruthenium (III) nitrosyl nitrate Ru(NO) (NO3)3 precursor and then calcined again at 800C under an air flow. Ruthenium impregnation significantly enhanced the reactivity of the oxides in Methane Steam Reforming. In fact, it was found, that even with a low ruthenium content (0.5wt.%), ruthenium oxide particles are formed but are well dispersed over the surface of the oxide NixMg6?xAl2 800. Ru/Ni6Al2 800800 showed better catalytic performances, towards Methane Steam Reforming, than ruthenium impregnated on the two other supports. Indeed, nickel content is higher in Ni6Al2 800 than in the other studied supports and therefore the probability of NiRu interaction should be greater and consequently catalytic performances could be improved.

Mira Nawfal; Cdric Gennequin; Madona Labaki; Bilal Nsouli; Antoine Aboukas; Edmond Abi-Aad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Alternative route for the preparation of CoSb{sub 3} and Mg{sub 2}Si derivatives  

SciTech Connect

An alternative manufacturing route has been developed for cobalt triantimonide and magnesium disilicide derivatives. Elemental powders were mixed in stoichiometric proportions, cold pressed into cylindrical preforms and heated in oxygen-free environment to initiate the exothermic reaction. According to DTA/TG measurements and observations under high-temperature microscope, the onset of reaction occurred at a temperature not exceeding the melting point of the more volatile component, i.e. antimony in the case of CoSb{sub 3} and magnesium in the case of Mg{sub 2}Si. The reaction products were additionally heat treated to secure homogenization. Dense sinters were obtained by hot uniaxial pressing of the obtained powders in moderate temperature-and-pressure conditions. Several advantages were identified in the proposed technology: absence of liquid phases, relatively short time of the synthesis, possibility of in-situ or ex-situ doping and grain size control. - Graphical abstract: (1) Manufacturing flow sheet for CoSb{sub 3} (milling included) and Mg{sub 2}Si (no milling). (2) Micrographs of CoSb{sub 3} product. (3) Micrographs of Mg{sub 2}Si product. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The combustion synthesis followed by HP was used for the manufacturing of CoSb{sub 3} or Mg{sub 2}Si. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The time of reaction is shorter compared with many other synthesis methods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The process is scalable and practically wasteless.

Godlewska, E., E-mail: godlewsk@agh.edu.pl [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Krakow (Poland); Mars, K.; Zawadzka, K. [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Krakow (Poland)] [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Krakow (Poland)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Route-Specific Passage and Survival of Steelhead Kelts at The Dalles and Bonneville Dams, 2012 - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This study was mainly focused on evaluating the route-specific passage and migration success of steelhead kelts passing downstream through The Dalles Dam (TDA) and Bonneville Dam (BON) at Columbia River (CR) river kilometers 309 and 234 respectively. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) personnel collected, tagged and released out-migrating steelhead kelts in the tributaries of the Deschutes River, 15 Mile Creek and Hood River between April 14 and June 4, 2012. A PIT tag was injected into each kelts dorsal sinus whereas a Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) acoustic micro-transmitter was attached to an external FLoy T-bar tag and inserted into the dorsal back musculature using a Floy tagging gun. JSATS cabled arrays were deployed at TDA and BON and autonomous node arrays were deployed near Celilo, Oregon (CR325); the BON forebay (CR236); the BON tailrace (CR233); near Knapp, Washington (CR156); and near Kalama, Washington (CR113) to monitor the kelts movement while passing through the dams and above mentioned river cross-sections.

Rayamajhi, Bishes; Ploskey, Gene R.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weiland, Mark A.; Faber, Derek M.; Kim, Jin A.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Deng, Zhiqun; Fu, Tao

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Evaluation of Oral and IntravenousRoute Pharmacokinetics, Plasma Protein Binding and Uterine Tissue Dose Metrics of Bisphenol A: A Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Approach  

SciTech Connect

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a weakly estrogenic monomer used in the production of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, both of which are used in food contact and other applications. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model of BPA pharmacokinetics in rats and humans was developed to provide a physiological context in which the processes controlling BPA pharmacokinetics (e.g. plasma protein binding, enterohepatic recirculation of the glucuronide (BPAG)) could be incorporated. A uterine tissue compartment was included to allow the correlation of simulated ER binding of BPA with increases in uterine wet weight (UWW) in rats. Intravenous and oral-route blood kinetics of BPA in rats and oral-route plasma and urinary elimination kinetics in humans were well described by the model. Simulations of rat oral-route BPAG pharmacokinetics were less exact, most likely the result of oversimplification of the GI tract compartment. Comparison of metabolic clearance rates derived from fitting rat i.v. and oral-route data implied that intestinal glucuronidation of BPA is significant. In rats but not humans, terminal elimination rates were strongly influenced by enterohepatic recirculation. In the absence of BPA binding to plasma proteins, simulations showed high ER occupancy at doses without uterine effects. Restricting free BPA to the measured unbound amount demonstrated the importance of including plasma binding in BPA kinetic models: the modeled relationship between ER occupancy and UWW increases was consistent with expectations for a receptor mediated response with low ER occupancy at doses with no response and increasing occupancy with larger increases in UWW.

Teeguarden, Justin G.; Waechter, John M.; Clewell, III, H. J.; Covington, Tammie R.; Barton, H. A.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electron beam induced structural evolution in Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2} particles: A new route to obtain movable core structures  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: SiO{sub 2} hollow spheres with movable Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} cores were obtained by exposing the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2} particles to the electron beam of TEM. It is a new route to obtain movable core nanostructures. Research highlights: {yields} SiO{sub 2} hollow particles with movable Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} cores were obtained. {yields} Irradiation of electron beam induced the structural evolution. {yields} A new route to obtain hollow particles with movable core. -- Abstract: SiO{sub 2} hollow spheres with movable Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} core were obtained by exposing the pre-synthesized Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2} particles (with an adsorption interlayer of ethylene glycol) under the irradiation of electron beam inside transmission electron micrograph (TEM). In the formation process, the evaporation of adsorbed ethylene glycol and the evolution of amorphous SiO{sub 2} layer played important roles, and that should be attributed to the high temperature and trapped charges induced by the irradiation of electron beam. This work provided a new route to obtain particles with movable core structure and extended the applications of electron beam.

Lv, Baoliang [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China); Xu, Yao, E-mail: xuyao@sxicc.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China); Wu, Dong [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China); Sun, Yuhan [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taoyuan South Road 27th, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001 (China); Low Carbon Conversion Center, Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

An EM Interference-Aware Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks in Clinical Environments Gowdemy Rajalingham, Thanh-Ngon Tran, Quang-Dung Ho, and Tho Le-Ngoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocol that attempts to reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) introduced., "Electromagnetic Interference aware Adaptive Routing for Wireless Communication Networks in electromagnetic- interference-sensitive medical environments," Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di

Barthelat, Francois

464

Lambda network having 2.sup.m-1 nodes in each of m stages with each node coupled to four other nodes for bidirectional routing of data packets between nodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Lambda network is a single stage, packet-switched interprocessor communication network for a distributed memory, parallel processor computer. Its design arises from the desired network characteristics of minimizing mean and maximum packet transfer time, local routing, expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance. The network is based on fixed degree nodes and has mean and maximum packet transfer distances where n is the number of processors. The routing method is detailed, as are methods for expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance.

Napolitano, Jr., Leonard M. (825 El Quanito Dr., Danville, CA 94526)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Contention-free Routing for Shift-based Communication in MPI Applications on Large-scale Infiniband Clusters  

SciTech Connect

Shift-based communication can be defined as follows. For a set of N nodes assigned to a job, assign each node an ID from 0 to N - 1. Shift-based communication involves N - 1 steps. Let D denote the current step, and let D iterate from 1 to N - 1. Then in step D all nodes choose nodes to send to and receive from such that a node with ID = I sends to the node with ID = (I + D)%N and receives from the node with ID = (I - D + N)%N, where % denotes modulo division. Figure 1 illustrates the communication patterns for various steps in shift-based communication. Shift-based communication patterns enable all nodes in a job to send and receive data simultaneously in all steps. Many MPI operations employ shift-based communication patterns for this reason. This includes large message collective algorithms, such as those typically used to implement large message Allgather and Alltoall collectives. It also includes small message collective algorithms, such as pair-wise exchange, barrier dissemination, and Bruck's index algorithm. Although the small message algorithms typically pack messages such that each node does not send to or receive from every other node directly, the communication patterns they do execute correspond to particular steps in shift-based communication. Common point-to-point message patterns also can benefit from efficient shift-based routing, such as nearest-neighbor exchanges in domain decomposition codes. Supporting efficient shift-based communication within a job thus provides good performance for a number of common MPI operations.

Moody, A

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

466

Optimal ship routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel savings in ship navigation has always been a popular subject in the maritime industry as well as the world's largest Navies. Oil prices and environmental considerations drive the effort for more fuel-efficient navigation. ...

Avgouleas, Kyriakos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Mixed-metal bismuth-titanium species. Chemical routes to Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect

Several routes to mixed-metal Bi-Ti species have been investigated. The inertness of bismuth alkoxides Bi(OR){sub 3} (R = Et, iPr) toward their titanium analogs could be overcome by controlled microhydrolysis of Bi alkoxides. The first mixed-metal species based on bismuth, BiTi{sub 2}O(OiPr){sub 9}, has thus been isolated and structurally characterized. Coatings of Bi{sub 4}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 12} have been deposited on silicon wafers by using the gels derived from Ti and Bi 2-methoxyethoxides solutions.

Papiernik, R.; Hubert-Pfalzgraf, L.G. [Univ. de Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, Nice (France); Parola, S.; Jagner, S. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden); Soares-Carvalho, F.; Thomas, P.; Mercurio, J.P. [URA, Limoges (France)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

The risk of pedestrian injury and fatality in collisions with motor vehicles, a social ecological study of state routes and city streets in King County, Washington  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the correlates of injury severity using police records of pedestrianmotor-vehicle collisions on state routes and city streets in King County, Washington. Levels of influence on collision outcome considered (1) the characteristics of individual pedestrians and drivers and their actions; (2) the road environment; and (3) the neighborhood environment. Binary logistic regressions served to estimate the risk of a pedestrian being severely injured or dying versus suffering minor or no injury. Significant individual-level influences on injury severity were confirmed for both types of roads: pedestrians being older or younger; the vehicle moving straight on the roadway. New variables associated with increased risk of severe injury or death included: having more than two pedestrians involved in a collision; and on city streets, the driver being inebriated. Road intersection design was significant only in the state route models, with pedestrians crossing at intersections without signals increasing the risk of being injured or dying. Adjusting for pedestrians and drivers characteristics and actions, neighborhood medium home values and higher residential densities increased the risk of injury or death. No other road or neighborhood environment variable remained significant, suggesting that pedestrians were not safer in areas with high pedestrian activity.

Anne Vernez Moudon; Lin Lin; Junfeng Jiao; Philip Hurvitz; Paula Reeves

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

CO2 Capture from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts and Sequestration by a Biomimetic Route Based on Enzymatic Catalysts-Current Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts, and from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts, and Sequestration by a Biomimetic Route Based on Enzymatic Catalysis - Current Status Gillian M. Bond (gbond@nmt.edu; 505-835-5653) Margaret-Gail Medina (magail@nmt.edu; 505-835-5229) New Mexico Tech 801 Leroy Socorro, NM 87801 John Stringer (jstringe@epri.com; 650-855-2472) Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 F. Arzum Simsek-Ege (fatma.a.simsek-egel@intel.com; 505-893-8694) Intel Corporation Albuquerque, New Mexico Introduction A range of carbon management strategies will have to be implemented if meaningful reductions in CO 2 emissions are to be achieved in response to concerns about global climate change. It is becoming increasingly clear that some form or forms of carbon

470

Eliminating livelock by assigning the same priority state to each message that is inputted into a flushable routing system during N time intervals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T.

Faber, Vance (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Developing health-based pre-planning clearance goals for airport remediation following a chemical terrorist attack: Decision criteria for multipathway exposure routes  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a chemical terrorist attack on a transportation hub, post-event remediation and restoration activities necessary to attain unrestricted facility re-use and re-entry could require hours to multiple days. While timeframes are dependent on numerous variables, a primary controlling factor is the level of pre-planning and decision-making completed prior to chemical release. What follows is the second of a two-part analysis identifying key considerations, critical information and decision criteria to facilitate post-attack and post-decontamination consequence management activities. Decision criteria analysis presented here provides first-time, open-literature documentation of multi-pathway, health-based remediation exposure guidelines for selected toxic industrial compounds, chemical warfare agents, and agent degradation products for pre-planning application in anticipation of a chemical terrorist attack. Guideline values are provided for inhalation and direct ocular vapor exposure routes as well as percutaneous vapor, surface contact, and ingestion. Target populations include various employees as well as transit passengers. This work has been performed as a national case study conducted in partnership with the Los Angeles International Airport and The Bradley International Terminal. All recommended guidelines have been selected for consistency with airport scenario release parameters of a one-time, short-duration, finite airborne release from a single source followed by compound-specific decontamination.

Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Dolislager, Frederick [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hall, Dr. Linda [ENVIRON International Corporation; Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine; Raber, Ellen [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Love, Dr. Adam [Johnson Wright, Inc.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A rapid microwave heating route to synthesize graphene modified LiFePO4/C nanocomposite for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A simple and rapid method for synthesizing graphene modified LiFePO4/C nanocomposite has been developed for the first time by using a microwave heating. The obtained sample is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and various electrochemical testing techniques. XRD results indicate that the nanosized olivine LiFePO4/(C+graphene) is successfully synthesized. The size of as-synthesized nanoparticles can be controlled below 200nm with good reproducibility through this route. TEM image shows that the LiFePO4/C nanoparticles are embedded in graphene sheets. The electrochemical performance results reveal that the modification of LiFePO4/C with graphene could construct an effective conducting network, which significantly enhance the properties of LiFePO4/C based composite, including high discharge capacity, stable cycle performance, good rate capability and small charge-transfer resistance. The excellent performance shows that the graphene modified LiFePO4/C synthesized via microwave heating is a promising cathode material for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

Zhaozhi Wang; Haifu Guo; Peng Yan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Help us to manage Welsh Assembly Government Woodlands Feedback form for horse riders/carriage drivers to report problems on designated routes,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Help us to manage Welsh Assembly Government Woodlands Feedback form for horse riders@forestry.gsi.gov.uk or phone 0845 604 0845 Thank you for your help #12;

474

Fairness in optimal routing algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

functions. There is usually one link which will bottleneck 38 1. 0 w 0. 8 6 IP N I 0 06 Ds(z) P( ) q (~F, ) Ds(z) = E(?, )?x (, ' ) e N Cl c pe 6 0 Cl pZ Dr(z) = E( ul?A ??-F. , po 0. 00 0. 25 0. 50 traffic level 0. 75 1. 00 Fig. 11... function. The 1. 0 traffic level of each topology corresponds to the maximum link utilization oi' Ds(z). 8-node network The 8-node network in Fig. 2 represents a network with bottleneck links. Notice that several links have half the capacity oi...

Goos, Jeffrey Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

475

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cabrillo Colleges solar technology program, where he alsoto get involved in the solar technology program that wasflowering. The whole solar technology program was doing

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

New Routes to Phosphametallocene Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was completed. After excess lithium was removed, thewas completed. After excess lithium was removed, thewas complete. After excess lithium was removed, the solution

Escobar, Aholibama

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

New Routes to Phosphametallocene Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the group of Mathey. The phosphorous analog of cymantrene,the alkali metal to the phosphorous phenyl bond releases aThe lone pair of the phosphorous atom in phosphacymantrenes

Escobar, Aholibama

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Bay Area. And then Coke Farms, who brokers my producetalking about marketing. You said Coke Farms has a cooler.Larkey: Coke Farms has a cooler, and they not only broker,

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Which route to coal liquefaction  

SciTech Connect

The author compares the SRC-II process with three indirect liquefaction processes: Lurgi gasification and Mobil's methanol to gasoline (MTG) process; Shell-Koppers gasification and the Mobil MTG process; and Lurgi gasification and SASOL Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Yields, thermal efficiencies, costs, state of development, and complexity of the processes are examined. Direct liquefaction is more thermally efficient. Investment costs are so close that the relative ranking of the process may change.

Nene, R.G.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Merrill, and this whole alternative energy program startedsprung up to do alternative energy Jeff Larkey installationsas well as the alternative energy program. I actually became

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "routing phone routing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Modern Energy Savings Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

300 GPM of water. The design wet bulb, cold water 488 Florida and hot water temperatures will be 78-85-95 d g.F. The first tower will have 3 feet of fill with the fan using 3.5 Hp and the second will have 1.5 ft. of fill with the fan using 6 Hp... that all other cost such as repair and water treatment will be th since the towers are identical in every for fill quantity and motor horsepower. this is a simplified example because it does include interest or inflation corrections it illustrates...

Smith, M.

482

White Pass & Yukon Route Railway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Junction Tok Eagle Dawson Circle Hot Springs Cordova McCarthy Glennallen Dillingham Togiak Iliamna KingWalesStr. Y u k o n River B R O O K S R A N G E Tanana Ri ver Chena River ChandalarRiver Porcupine River Usibelli Angoon Juneau Metlakatla Pelican Hoonah Tenakee Springs Kake Niblack Prudhoe Bay Circle Fort Yukon

Pantaleone, Jim

483

The Sasol route to fuels  

SciTech Connect

Details are given of the Sasol operation in South Africa. Flow sheets are provided for Sasol 1 and Sasol 2 and 3. The Sasol 1 plant produces waxes, liquid fuels, pipeline gas and chemicals; the Sasol 2 and 3 plants primarily produce ethylene, gasoline and diesel fuel. The versatility of the process is emphasized. The product selectivities of the fixed bed and Synthol reactors are shown and the properties of the products are compared. The influence of the catalyst on selectivity is examined.

Dry, M.E.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Telecommunications International Cell Phone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Telecommunications International Cell Phone 1. Fax completed form to 979.847.1111. 2. If you do will be charged. Date Cell Phone Needed Cell Phone Pick-Up Date Cell Phone User Travel Destination(s) United States Number Destination Country Number Cell Phone Type Digital Satellite Cell Phone Return Date Notes

485

Optimal Operation of Variable Speed Pumping System in Chinas Eastern Route Project of S?to?N Water Diversion Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic planning model for optimizing operation of variable speed pumping system aiming at minimum power consumption was proposed to achieve economic operation. The No. 4 Jiangdu Pumping Station a source pumping station in Chinas Eastern Route of South?to?North Water Diversion Project is taken as a study case. Since the sump water level of Jiangdu Pumping Station is affected by the tide of Yangtze River the daily?average heads of the pumping system varies yearly from 3.8m to 7.8m and the tide level difference in one day up to 1.2m. Comparisons of operation electricity cost between optimized variable speed and fixed speed operations of pumping system were made. When the full load operation mode is adopted whether or not electricity prices in peak?valley periods are considered the benefits of variable speed operation cannot compensate the energy consumption of the VFD. And when the pumping system operates in part load and the peak?valley electricity prices are considered the pumping system should cease operation or lower its rotational speed in peak load hours since the electricity price are much higher and to the contrary the pumping system should raise its rotational speed in valley load hours to pump more water. The computed results show that if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads the energy consumption cost of specified volume of water will save 14.01% and 26.69% averagely by means of optimal variable speed operation and the investment on VFD will be paid back in 2 or 3 years. However if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads and the energy cost is calculated in non peak?valley electricity price the repayment will be lengthened up to 18 years. In Chinas S?to?N Water Diversion Project when the market operation and peak?valley electricity prices are taken into effect to supply water and regulate water levels in regulation reservoirs as Hongzehu Lake Luomahu Lake etc. the economic operation of water?diversion pumping stations will be vital and the adoption of VFDs to achieve optimal operation may be a good choice.

Jilin Cheng; Lihua Zhang; Rentian Zhang; Yi Gong; Honggeng Zhu; Dongsheng Deng; Xuesong Feng; Jinxian Qiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Dielectric Properties Of Pb(In{sub 1/2}Nb{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}-PbTiO{sub 3} Solid Solution Synthesized By Solid State Reaction Route  

SciTech Connect

Phase pure (1-x)Pb(In{sub 1/2}Nb{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}-x PbTiO{sub 3} ceramics near morphotrophic phase boundary (x = 0.35) are prepared by conventional solid state reaction route, by adding 2 mol.% MgO. The dielectric properties of lead indium niobate-lead titanate ceramic are studied as a function of both temperature and frequency. For this composition the dielectric constant for 100 Hz increases from 1944 at room temperature to 1510 at Curie temperature(304 deg. C). The saturation polarization, measured at room temperature, is found to be 23.9 {mu}C/cm{sup 2} for 40 kV/cm.

Ramesh, G.; Subramanian, V. [Microwave laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai-600 036 (India); Aruna, G. [Postgraduate Department of Physics, American College, Madurai-625 002 (India)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

New scheelite-type oxynitrides in systems RWO{sub 3}N-AWO{sub 4} (R = rare-earth element; A = Ca, Sr) from precursors obtained by the citrate route  

SciTech Connect

RWO{sub 3}N oxynitrides were isolated as single phases for R=Nd and Pr, after thermal ammonolysis of reactive precursors prepared using the citrate complexation/calcination route. Both stoichiometric compounds crystallize with a scheelite-type tetragonal unit cell, with a=5.2821(3) A, c=11.5893(8) A (NdWO{sub 3}N) and a=5.299(3) A, c=11.631(9) A (PrWO{sub 3}N). Neutron diffraction experiments performed on the Nd-phase did not evidence any oxygen/nitrogen order within the scheelite anionic subnetwork (space group: I4{sub 1}/a). (Nd,A)W(O,N){sub 4} (A=Ca, Sr) solid solution domains were identified between NdWO{sub 3}N and the AWO{sub 4} oxide composition.

Chevire, Francois; Tessier, Franck; Marchand, Roger

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

488

Address:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representing the College of Education on the ASI Board of Directors Cell Phone: ( )_______-_________ Email:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________ Student ID

de Lijser, Peter

489

Address:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Engineering and Computer Science on ASI Board of Directors FY 13-14 Cell Phone: ( )_______-_________ Email:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________ Student ID

de Lijser, Peter

490

Address:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representing the College of the Arts on the ASI Board of Directors Cell Phone: ( )_______-_________ Email:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________ Student ID

de Lijser, Peter

491

Address:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representing the College of Communications on the ASI Board of Directors Cell Phone: ( )_______-_________ Email:_________________________________________________City:______________________Zip:__________ Home Phone: ( )_______-_________ Work Phone: ( )_______-_________ Student ID

de Lijser, Peter

492

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Instructions for Bicyclists  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instructions for Bicyclists Instructions for Bicyclists Front bike rack image Rear bike rack image Front bike rack Rear bike rack Bicyclists are required to wear helmets while riding at the Berkeley Lab. LBNL buses are equipped with bicycle racks in the front and rear of the bus. Use bicycle rack at your own risk. Berkeley Lab does not assume liability for damage to your bicycle. If you experience difficulties, or notice the bicycle rack is not working properly, please notify the bus operator and/or contact the bus supervisor at 486-4165 or email busservices@lbl.gov and/or post your comments with specific information on the Operations Suggestion box. Loading a bicycle on the bus: Prepare your bicycle for loading by: removing water bottles, pumps and other loose items that could fall off while the bus is in motion.

493

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Instructions for Riders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instructions for Riders Instructions for Riders Shuttle stops are marked with this sign: Bus sign image Tips for riders: When you see a shuttle bus approaching WAVE AT THE DRIVER so the driver knows you want to board the bus For safety reasons, shuttle bus drivers can only pick-up and drop-off passengers at designated stops. Shuttle services are for Berkeley Lab employee and guest use only. All riders are required to show ID when boarding off-site buses. Acceptable ID's are: LBNL badge, UC Berkeley student and faculty ID badge, DOE badge, or UCOP badge. Guests are required to present a visitor bus pass, email, or permission from Lab host, written on official letterhead. See Site Access for more information. As you board, tell the driver the building number of your destination. The driver will be able to assist you with directions.

494

Chemical engineering: Hybrid routes to biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... expels three oxygen atoms, eliminating them as water molecules. This generates an intermediate compound, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), which is immediately extracted to prevent further undesired reactions. HMF will probably ...

Lanny D. Schmidt; Paul J. Dauenhauer

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

495

Scalable Routes to Efficient Thermoelectric Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of GeSbSe phase-change materials," Nature Materials, vol. 6,processing of the phase-change material KSb5S8," Chemistryhas demonstrated the phase change material KSbS by a similar

Feser, Joseph Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

ODK FOUNTAIN BALTIMOREAVE.(ROUTE1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HORN- BAKE LIBRARY HORNBAKE PLAZA GEOLOGY PLANT SCIENCES SYMONS BENJAMIN SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTHJ Q KEHOE TRACK McKELDIN LIBRARY Z1B 1B 1D O1 HH1 H1 C1 C2 RECREATION ARTIFICIAL TURF FIELD CENTER MARIE MOUNT DENTON COMPUTER & SPACE SCIENCES CENTER FOR YOUNG CHILDREN STADIUM DRIVE GARAGE

Lathrop, Daniel P.

497

Dynamics of spectral algorithms for distributed routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past few decades distributed systems have evolved from man-made machines to organically changing social, economic and protein networks. This transition has been overwhelming in many ways at once. Dynamic, heterogeneous, ...

Maymounkov, Petar (Petar Borissov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Route profile analysis system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for recording terrain profile information is disclosed. The system accurately senses incremental distances traveled by a vehicle along with vehicle inclination, recording both with elapsed time. The incremental distances can subsequently be differentiated with respect to time to obtain acceleration. The computer acceleration can then be used to correct the sensed inclination.

Mullenhoff, D.J.; Wilson, S.W.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

499

An "Endless" Route to Cyclic Polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained using a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionizationtime of flight...Because the enthalpy of fusion was found to be identical...Because the enthalpy of fusion was found to be identical for both samples(Hf--100-J/mol K), the...

Christopher W. Bielawski; Diego Benitez; Robert H. Grubbs

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

500

Summit plots route to clean electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Harnessing the potential of geothermal energy and advanced nuclear reactors that burn nuclear waste could be part of a broader ... 9 June, the communique from the Equinox Summit, held in Waterloo, Canada, endorses geothermal energy, renewables and advanced nuclear power while calling for batteries and grid technologies to ...

Jeff Tollefson

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z