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1

6/18/13 A History Lesson and a Call to Arms -The New York Times movies.nytimes.com/2008/09/12/movies/12secr.html?partner=Rotten Tomatoes&ei=5083&pagewanted=print 1/2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/09/12/movies/12secr.html?partner=Rotten Tomatoes&ei=5083&pagewanted=print 1/2 This copy is for your personal

Galison, Peter L.

2

Electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a numerical framework to model the electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness. The three-dimensional microstructure of the rough channel is generated by a random generation-growth method with three statistical parameters to control the number density, the total volume fraction, and the anisotropy characteristics of roughness elements. The governing equations for the electrokinetic transport are solved by a high-efficiency lattice Poisson?Boltzmann method in complex geometries. The effects from the geometric characteristics of roughness on the electrokinetic transport in microchannels are therefore modeled and analyzed. For a given total roughness volume fraction, a higher number density leads to a lower fluctuation because of the random factors. The electroosmotic flow rate increases with the roughness number density nearly logarithmically for a given volume fraction of roughness but decreases with the volume fraction for a given roughness number density. When both the volume fraction and the number density of roughness are given, the electroosmotic flow rate is enhanced by the increase of the characteristic length along the external electric field direction but is reduced by that in the direction across the channel. For a given microstructure of the rough microchannel, the electroosmotic flow rate decreases with the Debye length. It is found that the shape resistance of roughness is responsible for the flow rate reduction in the rough channel compared to the smooth channel even for very thin double layers, and hence plays an important role in microchannel electroosmotic flows.

Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kang, Qinjun [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers: A Hard and Soft Computing View T.Y. Lin Department are the design goal. Several new applications are identified. KEYWORDS: control, fuzzy logic, modal logic, rough process, called rough logic government, is proposed. In this process, fuzzy logic is viewed

Lin, Tsau Young

4

Water Dynamics at Rough Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use molecular dynamics computer simulations and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments to investigate the dynamics of water at interfaces of molecular roughness and low mobility. We find that, when approaching such interfaces, the structural relaxation of water, i.e., the $\\alpha$ process, slows down even when specific attractive interactions are absent. This prominent effect is accompanied by a smooth transition from Vogel to Arrhenius temperature dependence and by a growing importance of jump events. Consistently, at protein surfaces, deviations from Arrhenius behavior are weak when free water does not exist. Furthermore, in nanoporous silica, a dynamic crossover of liquid water occurs when a fraction of solid water forms near 225 K and, hence, the liquid dynamics changes from bulk-like to interface-dominated. At sufficiently low temperatures, water exhibits a quasi-universal $\\beta$ process, which is characterized by an activation energy of $E_a\\!=\\!0.5$ eV and involves anisotropic reorientation about large angles. As a consequence of its large amplitude, the faster $\\beta$ process destroys essentially all orientational correlation, rendering observation of a possible slower $\\alpha$ process difficult in standard experiments. Nevertheless, we find indications for the existence of structural relaxation down to a glass transition of interfacial water near 185 K. Hydrated proteins show a highly restricted backbone motion with an amplitude, which decreases upon cooling and vanishes at comparable temperatures, providing evidence for a high relevance of water rearrangements in the hydration shell for secondary protein relaxations.

Markus Rosenstihl; Kerstin Kämpf; Felix Klameth; Matthias Sattig; Michael Vogel

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

5

Simplified models for mask roughness induced LER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ITRS requires < 1.2nm line-edge roughness (LER) for the 22nm half-pitch node. Currently, we can consistently achieve only about 3nm LER. Further progress requires understanding the principle causes of LER. Much work has already been done on how both the resist and LER on the mask effect the final printed LER. What is poorly understood, however, is the extent to which system-level effects such as mask surface roughness, illumination conditions, and defocus couple to speckle at the image plane, and factor into LER limits. Presently, mask-roughness induced LER is studied via full 2D aerial image modeling and subsequent analysis of the resulting image. This method is time consuming and cumbersome. It is, therefore, the goal of this research to develop a useful 'rule-of-thumb' analytic model for mask roughness induced LER to expedite learning and understanding.

McClinton, Brittany; Naulleau, Patrick

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

Rough surface reconstruction for ultrasonic NDE simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of ultrasound from rough surfaces is an important topic for the NDE of safety-critical components, such as pressure-containing components in power stations. The specular reflection from a rough surface of a defect is normally lower than it would be from a flat surface, so it is typical to apply a safety factor in order that justification cases for inspection planning are conservative. The study of the statistics of the rough surfaces that might be expected in candidate defects according to materials and loading, and the reflections from them, can be useful to develop arguments for realistic safety factors. This paper presents a study of real rough crack surfaces that are representative of the potential defects in pressure-containing power plant. Two-dimensional (area) values of the height of the roughness have been measured and their statistics analysed. Then a means to reconstruct model cases with similar statistics, so as to enable the creation of multiple realistic realizations of the surfaces, has been investigated, using random field theory. Rough surfaces are reconstructed, based on a real surface, and results for these two-dimensional descriptions of the original surface have been compared with those from the conventional model based on a one-dimensional correlation coefficient function. In addition, ultrasonic reflections from them are simulated using a finite element method.

Choi, Wonjae; Shi, Fan; Lowe, Michael J. S. [UK Research Centre in NDE, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Skelton, Elizabeth A.; Craster, Richard V. [Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

7

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide Membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...

8

ROUGHNESS LENGTHS FOR THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface roughness values for the areas surrounding the H, D and N-Area meteorological towers were computed from archived 2010 meteorological data. These 15-minute-averaged data were measured with cup anemometers and bidirectional wind vanes (bivanes) 61 m above the surface. The results of the roughness calculation using the standard deviation of elevation angle {sigma}{sub E}, and applying the simple formula based on tree canopy height, gave consistent estimates for roughness around the H-Area tower in the range of 1.76 to 1.86 m (95% confidence interval) with a mean value of 1.81 m. Application of the {sigma}{sub E} method for the 61-m level at D and N-Areas gave mean values of 1.71 and 1.81 with confidence ranges of 1.62-1.81 and 1.73-1.88 meters, respectively. Roughness results are azimuth dependent, and thus are presented as averages over compass sectors spanning 22.5 degrees. Calculated values were compared to other methods of determining roughness, including the standard deviation of the azimuth direction, {sigma}{sub A}, and standard deviation of the wind speed, {sigma}{sub U}. Additional data was obtained from a sonic anemometer at 61-m on the H-Area tower during a period of a few weeks in 2010. Results from the sonic anemometer support our use of {sigma}{sub E} to calculate roughness. Based on the H-Area tower results, a surface roughness of 1.8 m using is recommended for use in dispersion modeling applications that consider the impacts of a contaminant release to individuals along the Site boundary. The canopy surrounding the H-Area tower is relatively uniform (i.e., little variance in roughness by upwind direction), and data supplied by the U.S. Forest Service at Savannah River show that the canopy height and composition surrounding the H-Area tower is reasonably representative of forested areas throughout the SRS reservation. For dispersion modeling analyses requiring assessments of a co-located worker within the respective operations area, recommended area-specific values range from 0.3 m for E Area to 0.7 m for A Area at the Savannah River National Laboratory. These area-specific values, summarized in Table 4-1, were determined using the Environmental Protection Agency's AERSURFACE computer algorithm.

Hunter, C.

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

9

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography using bottom pressure sensors to measure form and mixing U0 Form drag pressure Tidal energy conversion Form drag causes: - internal wave generation - eddy Sound, WA Point Three Tree Previous work McCabe et al., 2006 > Measured the internal form drag

Warner, Sally

10

Correlating toughness and roughness in ductile fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three dimensional calculations of ductile crack growth under mode I plane strain, small scale yielding conditions are carried out using an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation for a progres- sively cavitating plastic solid with two populations of void nucleating second phase particles. Full field solutions are obtained for three dimensional material microstructures characterized by ran- dom distributions of void nucleating particles. Crack growth resistance curves and fracture surface roughness statistics are calculated using standard procedures. The range of void nucleating particle volume fractions considered give rise to values of toughness, JIC, that vary by a factor of four. For all volume fractions considered, the computed fracture surfaces are self-affine over a size range of about two orders of magnitude with a roughness exponent of 0.54 $\\pm$ 0.03. For small void nucleating particle volume fractions, the mean large particle spacing serves as a single dominant length scale. In this regime, the c...

Ponson, Laurent; Osovski, Shmulik; Bouchaud, Elisabeth; Tvergaard, Viggo; Needleman, Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Smith-Purcell Radiation from Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation of a charged particle moving parallel to a inhomogeneous surface is considered. Within a single formalism periodic and random gratings are examined. For the periodically inhomogeneous surface we derive new expressions for the dispersion relation and the spectral-angular intensity. In particular, for a given observation direction two wavelengths are emitted instead of one wavelength of the standard Smith-Purcell effect. For a rough surface we show that the main contribution to the radiation intensity is given by surface polaritons induced on the interface between two media. These polaritons are multiply scattered on the roughness of surface and convert into real photons. The spectral-angular intensity is calculated and its dependence on different parameters is revealed.

Gevorkian, Zh S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A fast direct numerical simulation method for characterising hydraulic roughness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a fast direct numerical simulation (DNS) method that promises to directly characterise the hydraulic roughness of any given rough surface, from the hydraulically smooth to the fully rough regime. The method circumvents the unfavourable computational cost associated with simulating high-Reynolds-number flows by employing minimal-span channels (Jimenez & Moin 1991). Proof-of-concept simulations demonstrate that flows in minimal-span channels are sufficient for capturing the downward velocity shift, that is, the Hama roughness function, predicted by flows in full-span channels. We consider two sets of simulations, first with modelled roughness imposed by body forces, and second with explicit roughness described by roughness-conforming grids. Owing to the minimal cost, we are able to conduct DNSs with increasing roughness Reynolds numbers while maintaining a fixed blockage ratio, as is typical in full-scale applications. The present method promises a practical, fast and accurate tool for character...

Chung, Daniel; MacDonald, Michael; Hutchins, Nicholas; Ooi, Andrew

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .considered obstacles [27] Grid Map showing Tile Size, Cellspeed map. It also covers grid maps and terrain roughness,

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Rough-Fuzzy MLP: Modular Evolution, Rule Generation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terms--Soft computing, knowledge-based fuzzy networks, rough sets, genetic algorithms, pattern recently for pattern classification, is such an example combining both rough sets and fuzzy setsRough-Fuzzy MLP: Modular Evolution, Rule Generation, and Evaluation Sankar K. Pal, Fellow, IEEE

Mitra, Sushmita

15

Surface roughness of anodized titanium coatings.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of grade five 6Al4V titanium alloy were coated with two commercial fluoropolymer anodizations (Tiodize and Canadize) and compared. Neither coating demonstrates significant outgassing. The coatings show very similar elemental analysis, except for the presence of lead in the Canadize coating, which may account for its lower surface friction in humid environments. Surface roughness has been compared by SEM, contact profilometry, optical profilometry, power spectral density and bidirectional scattering distribution function (BSDF). The Tiodize film is slightly smoother by all measurement methods, but the Canadize film shows slightly less scatter at all angles of incidence. Both films exhibited initial friction coefficients of 0.2 to 0.4, increasing to 0.4 to 0.8 after 1000 cycles of sliding due to wear of the coating and ball. The coatings are very similar and should behave identically in most applications.

Dugger, Michael Thomas; Chinn, Douglas Alan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The effect of roughness on aerosol deposition in tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

all of the experiments conducted for this study. I admire his practicality, kind gestures, and work ethic. I will treasure all those times spent at Riverside campus and the WIPP site. I thank Mr. William Vance Payne for all of his help. His.... 50 55 63 66 VI IMPLICATION FOR WIPP 75 Pressure Drop and Roughness . . Sampling Line and Shrouded Probe Cleaning Interval. . . . . Roughness Measurement Procedure 75 80 87 VII CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . 88 Roughness...

Chavez, Mario Cesar

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metal/insulator Interfaces...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Work Function. Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metalinsulator Interfaces on Metal Work Function. Abstract: We evaluate the performance of different van der Waals (vdW)...

18

Fuzzy Rough Positive Region based Nearest Neighbour Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the main subjects in machine learning and pattern recognition, with applications in fields like spam theory to improve the FNN classifier. Fuzzy rough set theory was designed to model imperfect knowledgeFuzzy Rough Positive Region based Nearest Neighbour Classification Nele Verbiest, Chris Cornelis

Gent, Universiteit

19

Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, granular computing, rough-fuzzy hybridization, soft computing, pattern recognition, data mining. æ 1 for case generation. Fuzzy set theory is used for linguistic representation of patterns, thereby producing a fuzzy granulation of the feature space. Rough set theory is used to obtain dependency rules which model

Mitra, Pabitra

20

Counterintuitive MCNPX Results for Scintillator Surface Roughness Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have reported on our recent MCNPX simulation results of energy deposition for a group of 8 scintillation detectors, coupled with various rough surface patterns. The MCNPX results generally favored the detectors with various rough surface patterns. The observed MCNPX results are not fully explained by this work.

None

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL DESCRIPTION OF ROUGH SURFACES FOR HAPTIC DISPLAY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT system using fractals. A background on traditional methods for describing surface roughness is given. Fractals are used to characterize one- dimensional surface profiles using two parameters, the amplitude

Stanford University

22

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sébastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwénaëlle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

23

Surface forces: Surface roughness in theory and experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of incorporating surface roughness into theoretical calculations of surface forces is presented. The model contains two chief elements. First, surface roughness is represented as a probability distribution of surface heights around an average surface height. A roughness-averaged force is determined by taking an average of the classic flat-surface force, weighing all possible separation distances against the probability distributions of surface heights. Second the model adds a repulsive contact force due to the elastic contact of asperities. We derive a simple analytic expression for the contact force. The general impact of roughness is to amplify the long range behaviour of noncontact (DLVO) forces. The impact of the elastic contact force is to provide a repulsive wall which is felt at a separation between surfaces that scales with the root-mean-square (RMS) roughness of the surfaces. The model therefore provides a means of distinguishing between “true zero,” where the separation between the average centres of each surface is zero, and “apparent zero,” defined by the onset of the repulsive contact wall. A normal distribution may be assumed for the surface probability distribution, characterised by the RMS roughness measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Alternatively the probability distribution may be defined by the histogram of heights measured by AFM. Both methods of treating surface roughness are compared against the classic smooth surface calculation and experimental AFM measurement.

Parsons, Drew F., E-mail: Drew.Parsons@anu.edu.au; Walsh, Rick B.; Craig, Vincent S. J. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

24

Transport Theory for Shallow Water Propagation with Rough Boundaries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At frequencies of about 1 kHz and higher, forward scattering from a rough sea surface (and/or a rough bottom) can strongly affect shallow water propagation and reverberation. The need exists for a fast, yet accurate method for modeling such propagation where multiple forward scattering occurs. A transport theory method based on mode coupling is described that yields the first and second moments of the field. This approach shows promise for accurately treating multiple forward scattering in one-way propagation. The method is presently formulated in two space dimensions, and Monte-Carlo rough surface PE simulations are used for assessing the accuracy of transport theory results.

Thorsos, Eric I.; Henyey, Frank S.; Elam, W. T.; Hefner, Brian T.; Reynolds, Stephen A.; Yang Jie [Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, 1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States)

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effect of Surface Roughness on Wind Turbine Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind farm operators observe production deficits as machines age. Quantifying deterioration on individual components is difficult, but one potential explanation is accumulation of blade surface roughness. Historically, wind turbine airfoils were...

Ehrmann, Robert Schaefer

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

26

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ice friction: The effects of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity on ice friction is studied systematically over a wide range of temperature and sliding speeds using several metallic interfaces. Hydrophobicity in combination with controlled roughness at the nanoscale is achieved by femtosecond laser irradiation to mimic the lotus effect on the slider's surface. The controlled roughness significantly increases the coefficient of friction at low sliding speeds and temperatures well below the ice melting point. However, at temperatures close to the melting point and relatively higher speeds, roughness and hydrophobicity significantly decrease ice friction. This decrease in friction is mainly due to the suppression of capillary bridges in spite of the presence of surface asperities that facilitate their formation. Finally, grooves oriented in the sliding direction also significantly decrease friction in the low velocity range compared to scratches and grooves randomly distributed over a surface.

Kietzig, Anne-Marie; Hatzikiriakos, Savvas G.; Englezos, Peter [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3 (Canada)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Influence of surface roughness and waviness upon thermal contact resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work deals with the phenomenon of thermal resistance between contacting solids. Attention is directed towards contiguous solids possessing both surface roughness and waviness. When two such surfaces are brought together ...

Yovanovich, M. Michael

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH Abstract. We use a wave packet the Simons Foundation (# 266371 to Hart Smith). 1 #12;2 HART F. SMITH H¨ormander's theorem [9] on propagation

Smith, Hart F.

30

The thermal Casimir effect for rough metallic plates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new theory of thermal Casimir effect, holding for the experimentally important case of metallic surfaces with a roughness having a spatial scale smaller than the skin depth. The theory is based on a simple phenomenological model for a rough conductor, that explicitly takes account of the fact that ohmic conduction in the immediate vicinity of the surface of a conductor is much impeded by surface roughness, if the amplitude of roughness is smaller than the skin depth. As a result of the new model, we find that surface roughness strongly influences the magnitude of the thermal correction to the Casimir force, independently of the plates separation. Our model, while consistent with recent accurate measurements of the Casimir force in the submicron range, leads to a new prediction for the not yet observed thermal correction to the Casimir force at large plates separation. Besides the thermal Casimir problem, our model is relevant for the correct theoretical interpretation of current experiments probing other proximity effects between conductors, like radiative heat transfer and quantum friction.

G. Bimonte

2007-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

31

Inhomogeneous Cooling of the Rough Granular Gas in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the inhomogeneous clustered regime of a freely cooling granular gas of rough particles in two dimensions using large-scale event driven simulations and scaling arguments. During collisions, rough particles dissipate energy in both the normal and tangential directions of collision. In the inhomogeneous regime, translational kinetic energy and the rotational energy decay with time $t$ as power-laws $t^{-\\theta_T}$ and $t^{-\\theta_R}$. We numerically determine $\\theta_T \\approx 1$ and $\\theta_R \\approx 1.6$, independent of the coefficients of restitution. The inhomogeneous regime of the granular gas has been argued to be describable by the ballistic aggregation problem, where particles coalesce on contact. Using scaling arguments, we predict $\\theta_T=1$ and $\\theta_R=1$ for ballistic aggregation, $\\theta_R$ being different from that obtained for the rough granular gas. Simulations of ballistic aggregation with rotational degrees of freedom are consistent with these exponents.

Sudhir N. Pathak; Dibyendu Das; R. Rajesh

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

32

ANALYZING SURFACE ROUGHNESS DEPENDENCE OF LINEAR RF LOSSES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topographic structure on Superconductivity Radio Frequency (SRF) surfaces can contribute additional cavity RF losses describable in terms of surface RF reflectivity and absorption indices of wave scattering theory. At isotropic homogeneous extent, Power Spectrum Density (PSD) of roughness is introduced and quantifies the random surface topographic structure. PSD obtained from different surface treatments of niobium, such Buffered Chemical Polishing (BCP), Electropolishing (EP), Nano-Mechanical Polishing (NMP) and Barrel Centrifugal Polishing (CBP) are compared. A perturbation model is utilized to calculate the additional rough surface RF losses based on PSD statistical analysis. This model will not consider that superconductor becomes normal conducting at fields higher than transition field. One can calculate the RF power dissipation ratio between rough surface and ideal smooth surface within this field range from linear loss mechanisms.

Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Kelley, Michael J. [JLAB, W& M College; Xu, Chen [JLAB, W& M College

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fresh Direct: A Rotten Deal By Tom Angotti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polluters. Fresh Direct would be rewarded with nearly $130 million in city and state subsidies. The city will have access to healthy food. On closer inspection, however, it's a bad deal for taxpayers, South Bronx on the 85,000 residents of the South Bronx neighborhood that have to live with huge, polluting waste

Qiu, Weigang

34

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice Abstract: In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height above the surface at which the wind speed the theory and measurement of the aerodynamic and scalar roughness lengths over snow and sea ice. The data

35

Studies of the 3D surface roughness height  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nowadays nano-coatings occupy more and more significant place in technology. Innovative, functional coatings acquire new aspects from the point of view of modern technologies, considering the aggregate of physical properties that can be achieved manipulating in the production process with the properties of coatings’ surfaces on micro- and nano-level. Nano-coatings are applied on machine parts, friction surfaces, contacting parts, corrosion surfaces, transparent conducting films (TCF), etc. The equipment available at present for the production of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with highest quality is based on expensive indium tin oxide (ITO) material; therefore cheaper alternatives are being searched for. One such offered alternative is zink oxide (ZnO) nano-coatings. Evaluating the TCF physical and mechanical properties and in view of the new ISO standard (EN ISO 25178) on the introduction of surface texture (3D surface roughness) in the engineering calculations, it is necessary to examine the height of 3D surface roughness, which is one of the most significant roughness parameters. The given paper studies the average values of 3D surface roughness height and the most often applied distribution laws are as follows: the normal distribution and Rayleigh distribution. The 3D surface is simulated by a normal random field.

Avisane, Anita; Rudzitis, Janis; Kumermanis, Maris [Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Riga Technical University, Ezermalas str. 6k, Riga (Latvia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

Calculating Very Rough Market Share Using the Canadian Business Database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculating Very Rough Market Share Using the Canadian Business Database If you cannot find market market share using the company information provided in the Canadian Business Database (CBD), an online - it should be considered a last resort for this information. STEP 1: ACCESS THE CANADIAN BUSINESS DATABASE 1a

Thompson, Michael

37

BAYESIAN METHOD FOR SEGMENTATION OF SAR IMAGES IN ROUGH TERRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BAYESIAN METHOD FOR SEGMENTATION OF SAR IMAGES IN ROUGH TERRAIN Marco Caparrini1 , Klaus Seidel1 are the basis for radiometric correction. Considering SAR images, the huge amount of processing for geographic and geometric calibration and registration that is needed prior to analysis is well established. Nonetheless

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

38

Large deviations for rough paths of fractional Brownian motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

limit theorem. Stochastic modeling deals basically with rough path controls. Indeed, the ground-breaking It^o's theory on stochastic differential equations is based on Brownian motion, which has almost surely nowhere differentiable sam- ple paths but only -H¨older continuous ones, with ]0, 1 2 [. Note

Millet, Annie

39

Heat transfer between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the heat transfer between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces. We include both the heat transfer from the area of real contact, and the heat transfer between the surfaces in the noncontact regions. We apply a recently developed contact mechanics theory, which accounts for the hierarchical nature of the contact between solids with roughness on many different length scales. For elastic contact, at the highest (atomic) resolution the area of real contact typically consists of atomic (nanometer) sized regions, and we discuss the implications of this for the heat transfer. For solids with very smooth surfaces, as is typical in many modern engineering applications, the interfacial separation in the non-contact regions will be very small, and for this case we show the importance of the radiative heat transfer associated with the evanescent electromagnetic waves which exist outside of all bodies.

B. N. J. Persson; B. Lorenz; A. I. Volokitin

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

40

Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Distributed Receptivity . . . . . 6 2. FACILITY DESCRIPTION - THE KLEBANOFF–SARIC WIND TUNNEL 11 2.1 Test Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Fan and Motor... of this dissertation describes the Klebanoff–Saric Wind Tunnel facility, which was used for this experiment. Section 3 describes the experimental setup (roughness design and the flat plate model) and defines the metrics by which the flow field is decomposed...

Kuester, Matthew Scott

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Dimensional variation and roughness of LIGA fabricated microstructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the dimensional variation and sidewall roughness of features on PMMA micro- components fabricated by deep x-ray lithography in order to assess the effect of dimensional variation on subsequent assembly operations. Dimensional measurements were made using a stylus profilometer with a repeatability in step height of better than 0.01 {mu}m. Roughness measurements were made with the same profilometer scanning in a direction perpendicular to the length of the parts. 22 {mu}m and 54 {mu}m features exhibited dimensional variations described by a Gaussian distribution with standard deviations of 0.202 {mu}m and 0.381 {mu}m, respectively. This corresponds to a maximum relative variation of between 0.6% and 0.9%. Sidewall roughnesses were found to be in the range of 0.02 {mu}m to 0. 03 {mu}m, an insignificant contribution to the total variation when compared to overall dimensional variation. Several potential sources of this variation are discussed, but no single cause was identified as the source of the significant dimensional variation observed here.

Egert, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wood, R. [Microelectronics Center of North Carolina, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Malek, C.K. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Separate effects of surface roughness, wettability, and porosity on the boiling critical heat flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The separate effects of surface wettability, porosity, and roughness on the critical heat flux (CHF) of water were examined using engineered surfaces. Values explored were 0, 5, 10, and 15??m for Rz (roughness), <5°, ?75°, ...

O'Hanley, Harry

43

E-Print Network 3.0 - angle deposited nano-rough Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nano-rough Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: angle deposited nano-rough Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Advanced techniques for glancing...

44

Effects of hydraulic roughness on surface textures of gravel-bed rivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of hydraulic roughness on surface textures of gravel-bed rivers John M. Buffington1 that bed-surface grain size is responsive to hydraulic roughness caused by bank irregularities, bars condition of low hydraulic roughness. For a given 0bf , channels with progressively greater hydraulic

45

Scaling laws governing the roughness of the swash edge line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics of swash i.e. a layer of water that washes up on the beach after an incoming wave has broken is complicated and intriguing. It includes perplexed hydrodynamic and sediment transport events. In our paper we address to the roughness of the moving swash boundary at which a beach, water and air meet. We treat the behavior of this boundary as an interfacial phenomenon, without going into details of formation of edge waves and beach cusps, covered broadly in literature. This "crude" approach turns out to be productive and revealing the resemblance of the swash line with a broad diversity of effects arising from the random pinning of moving boundaries.

Ed. Bormashenko; A. Musin; R. Grynuov

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

46

The effects of the substrate surface roughness on graphene plasmons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of variation in the gap size between mono-layer graphene and a substrate with a randomly rough surface on the linear response of graphene’s ? electron bands within the approximation of Dirac fermions. We adopt the electrostatic Green’s function developed by Rahman and Maradudin [Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137–2143 (1980)] for the surface of a dielectric medium, which exhibits a Gaussian distributed height profile and combine it with the polarization function of graphene described as a zero-thickness planar layer at a fixed distance from the mean position of the substrate surface. We specifically consider the effects of a random gap size on the two-dimensional sheet plasmon mode in heavily doped graphene, both on its dispersion relation in the long-wavelength limit and its broadening due to Landau damping in the continuum of inter-band electron-hole excitations at shorter wavelengths.

Lyon, Keenan A.; Miskovic, Zoran L. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

Effects of the roughness characteristics on the wire tool surface for the electrical discharge machining properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been investigated to obtain the better discharge machining properties of the removal rate and the surface roughness in a few decades. Recently, it revealed that the rough tool electrodes can improve the WEDM properties for some sort of materials. In this study, the rough wire electrodes using a wet blasting method was developed and evaluated the machining performance for the insulated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in the WEDM processes. As the results, it could not recognize the advantage of roughness wire electrode under the high-energy condition, but it found that the electro-conductive layer thickness became thinner in comparison with those of normal wires. On the contrary, it could be obtained the better surface roughness in the low energy condition. It was supposed that the roughed wire surface generates the homogeneous dispersion discharges on the workpiece.

Fukuzawa, Yasushi; Yamashita, Masahide; Mamuro, Hiroaki; Yamashita, Ken [Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188 (Japan); Ogata, Masayoshi [Macoho Co., Ltd. 525 Kanawa, Isurugi-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2032 JAPAN (Japan)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

48

Lyapunov instability of rough hard-disk fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamical instability of rough hard-disk fluids in two dimensions is characterized through the Lyapunov spectrum and the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy, $h_{KS}$, for a wide range of densities and moments of inertia $I$. For small $I$ the spectrum separates into translation-dominated and rotation-dominated parts. With increasing $I$ the rotation-dominated part is gradually filled in at the expense of translation, until such a separation becomes meaningless. At any density, the rate of phase-space mixing, given by $h_{KS}$, becomes less and less effective the more the rotation affects the dynamics. However, the degree of dynamical chaos, measured by the maximum Lyapunov exponent, is only enhanced by the rotational degrees of freedom for high-density gases, but is diminished for lower densities. Surprisingly, no traces of Lyapunov modes were found in the spectrum for larger moments of inertia. The spatial localization of the perturbation vector associated with the maximum exponent however persists for any $I$.

Jacobus A. van Meel; Harald A. Posch

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

49

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds M. A. Donelan,1 B. K. Haus January 2004; accepted 13 August 2004; published 28 September 2004. [1] The aerodynamic friction between, the ``aerodynamic roughness'') increases with the wind speed. Can one merely extrapolate this wind speed tendency

Saltzman, Eric

50

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation Pradipta Maji of brain MR images. The RFCM algorithm comprises a judicious integration of the of rough sets, fuzzy sets with vagueness and incompleteness in class definition of brain MR images, the membership function of fuzzy sets

Pal, Sankar Kumar

51

EFFECT OF CONTACT VISCOSITY AND ROUGHNESS ON INTERFACE STIFFNESS AND WAVE PROPAGATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF CONTACT VISCOSITY AND ROUGHNESS ON INTERFACE STIFFNESS AND WAVE PROPAGATION Anil Misra1 and asperity properties compete in determining the stiffness behavior, and consequently, the wave propagation widely used to investigate plane wave propagation through contacts between two rough solids [see

Boyer, Edmond

52

A FETCH DEPENDENT MODEL OF SEA SURFACE ROUGHNESS FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER UTILISATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Resources, Roughness, Coastal Sea Areas, Waves, Rødsand 1 INTRODUCTION Large offshore wind farms are beingA FETCH DEPENDENT MODEL OF SEA SURFACE ROUGHNESS FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER UTILISATION Bernhard Lange wind conditions of offshore sites, since the higher energy yield has to compensate the additional

Heinemann, Detlev

53

Near-field heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a rough surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we focus on the surface roughness correction to the near-field radiative heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a material with a rough surface utilizing a direct perturbation theory up to second order in the surface profile. We discuss the different distance regimes for the local density of states above the rough material and the heat flux analytically and numerically. We show that the heat transfer rate is larger than that corresponding to a flat surface at short distances. At larger distances it can become smaller due to surface polariton scattering by the rough surface. For distances much smaller than the correlation length of the surface profile, we show that the results converge to a proximity approximation, whereas in the opposite limit the rough surface can be replaced by an equivalent surface layer.

Svend-Age Biehs; Jean-Jacques Greffet

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

The effect of ice crystal surface roughness on the retrieval of ice cloud microphysical and optical properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of the surface roughness of ice crystals is not routinely accounted for in current cloud retrieval algorithms that are based on pre-computed lookup libraries. In this study, we investigate the effect of ice crystal surface roughness...

Xie, Yu

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

55

Sound characteristics of a pipe with dynamically rough A. Romanova, K. V. Horoshenkov and S. J. Tait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound characteristics of a pipe with dynamically rough boundary A. Romanova, K. V. Horoshenkov the acoustic field in the pipe above a dynamically rough water surface can provide a better understanding interacting with pipe wall roughness. This work presents results from a novel experimental setup, which allows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

Reduction of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to decrease/suppress Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Suppression is required when fluid-structure interaction becomes destructive as in VIM of flexible cylinders or rigid cylinders on elastic support, such as underwater pipelines, marine risers, tubes in heat exchangers, nuclear fuel rods, cooling towers, SPAR offshore platforms.

Bernitsas, Michael M; Raghavan, Kamaldev

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Thermoelectric characteristic of the rough InN/GaN core-shell nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis to model the thermoelectric (TE) effects of the rough InN/GaN core-shell nanowires (NWs) with wire diameter ranging from 25?nm to 100?nm is proposed. The elastic continuum model is employed to calculate the phonon dispersion relation curves and the related phonon group velocity. Within the framework of Boltzmann transport equations and relaxation time approximation, the electrical conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, electronic thermal conductivity, and the lattice thermal conductivity is obtained. Simulation results indicate that TE properties of the rough InN/GaN core-shell NWs are strongly affected by the surface roughness and the diameter of NWs. The optimized condition of the proposed rough InN/GaN core-shell TE NWs is studied in this paper and the highest ZT obtained in the calculation is 0.8598 at 300?K and 1.713 at 1000?K.

Wu, Chao-Wei; Wu, Yuh-Renn, E-mail: yrwu@ntu.edu.tw [Graduate Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 Yihong Duan National 10, 2009 (Revised) Dateline Revised for Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Corresponding author

Wang, Yuqing

59

Enhancement of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to increase Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Enhancement is needed in such applications as harnessing of clean and renewable energy from ocean/river currents using the ocean energy converter VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibration for Aquatic Clean Energy).

Bernitsas, Michael M. (Saline, MI); Raghavan, Kamaldev (Houston, TX)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The impact assessment of eccentric installation and roughness change in piping on the orifice flow measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In orifice flowmeters used in nuclear power plants, requirements for the inner surface roughness of upstream piping and eccentric installation exist depending on certain standards. If these cannot be satisfied based on the installation condition, an appropriate error margin must be considered, although this remains to be clarified. In this research, quantitative data concerning the relative error of orifice flowmeters were obtained during experiments with the parameters of the inner surface roughness of upstream piping and the installation eccentricity of the orifice hole. The maximum Reynolds number of the experimental facility is about 1.6x10{sup 6}. In orifice flowmeters, the flow rate is calculated based on the differential pressure between upstream and downstream orifices and the peculiar discharge coefficient C. The latter value shows an upward trend with increasing roughness of piping, while change of 0.3% of C was observed in terms of roughness (case 2), which approaches the limits of the JIS standard. With significant roughness (Case 3) that exceeds five times the JIS standard, C is shown to have increased by about 1%. No influence was observed by varying the direction of eccentric installation, hence this was fixed and the amount of eccentricity was considered. Change in C of about 0.25% was observed when around twice the standard level of eccentricity was applied. The error margin data under conditions exceeding the JIS standard for the orifice flowmeter was obtained. (authors)

Nishi, Y.; Eguchi, Y.; Nishihara, T.; Kanai, T.; Kondo, M. [Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry CRIEPI, 2-11-1 Iwado Kita, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Validity of the thin mask approximation in extreme ultraviolet mask roughness simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the case of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, modeling has shown that reflector phase roughness on the lithographic mask is a significant concern due to the image plan speckle it causes and the resulting line-edge roughness on imaged features. Modeling results have recently been used to determine the requirements for future production worthy masks yielding the extremely stringent specification of 50 pm rms roughness. Owing to the scale of the problem in terms of memory requirements, past modeling results have all been based on the thin mask approximation. EUV masks, however, are inherently three dimensional in nature and thus the question arises as to the validity of the thin mask approximation. Here we directly compare image plane speckle calculation results using the fast two dimensional thin mask model to rigorous finite-difference time-domain results and find the two methods to be comparable.

Naulleau, Patrick; George, Simi

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

62

The friction factor of two-dimensional rough-boundary turbulent soap film flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use momentum transfer arguments to predict the friction factor $f$ in two-dimensional turbulent soap-film flows with rough boundaries (an analogue of three-dimensional pipe flow) as a function of Reynolds number Re and roughness $r$, considering separately the inverse energy cascade and the forward enstrophy cascade. At intermediate Re, we predict a Blasius-like friction factor scaling of $f\\propto\\textrm{Re}^{-1/2}$ in flows dominated by the enstrophy cascade, distinct from the energy cascade scaling of $\\textrm{Re}^{-1/4}$. For large Re, $f \\sim r$ in the enstrophy-dominated case. We use conformal map techniques to perform direct numerical simulations that are in satisfactory agreement with theory, and exhibit data collapse scaling of roughness-induced criticality, previously shown to arise in the 3D pipe data of Nikuradse.

Nicholas Guttenberg; Nigel Goldenfeld

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

63

Surface roughness of stainless-steel mirrors for focusing soft x rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used polished stainless steel as a mirror substrate to provide focusing of soft x rays in grazing-incidence reflection. The critical issue of the quality of the steel surface,polished and coated with gold, is discussed in detail. A comparison is made to a polished,gold-coated, electroless nickel surface, which provides a smoother finish. We used the surface height distributions, measured with an interferometric microscope and complemented by atomic-force microscope measurements, to compute power spectral densities and then to evaluate the surface roughness. The effects of roughness in reducing the specular reflectivity were verified by soft-x-ray measurements.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Gullikson, Eric M.; Howells, Malcolm R.; Irick, Steve C.; MacDowell, Alastair A.; McKinney, Wayne R.; Salmassi, Farhad; Warwick, Tony; Metz, James P.; Tonnessen, Thomas W

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

64

Rough Set Dependency Analysis in Evaluation Studies An Application in the Study of Repeated Heart Attacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of repeated heart attacks. 1 Introduction In many cases it is not possible to obtain complete ­ or certain analysis can be applied to an investi- gation into the causes of repeated heart attacks con- ductedRough Set Dependency Analysis in Evaluation Studies ­ An Application in the Study of Repeated Heart

Düntsch, Ivo

65

Numerical simulation of noise generated by multi asperity contact between rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The validation of the method is then discussed by comparison with the finite element software Abaqus and someNumerical simulation of noise generated by multi asperity contact between rough surfaces V.H. Dang at the interface that convert a part of the kinetic energy of the sliding solid into acoustical energy. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

66

Rough-Fuzzy C-Medoids Algorithm and Selection of Bio-Basis for Amino Acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of protein data sets. Index Terms--Pattern recognition, data mining, c-medoids algorithm, fuzzy sets, rough Pradipta Maji and Sankar K. Pal, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In most pattern recognition algorithms, amino acids pattern recognition algorithms to analyze these biological subsequences is that they cannot recognize

Pal, Sankar Kumar

67

Soft data mining, computational theory of perceptions, and rough-fuzzy approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is described from pattern recognition point of view along with the relevance of soft computing. Key features of the computational theory of perceptions and its significance in pattern recognition and knowledge dis- covery, and its modeling through rough-fuzzy integration are discussed. Merits of fuzzy granular computation

Pal, Sankar Kumar

68

Class-dependent rough-fuzzy granular space, dispersion index and classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

granular computing Soft computing Pattern recognition Remote sensing a b s t r a c t A new rough-fuzzy model for pattern classification based on granular computing is described in the present article. In this model, we propose the formulation of class-dependent granules in fuzzy environment. Fuzzy membership

Pal, Sankar Kumar

69

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

Minnesota, University of

70

Hydro-thermal flow in a rough fracture EC Contract SES6-CT-2003-502706  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydro-thermal flow in a rough fracture EC Contract SES6-CT-2003-502706 PARTICIPANT ORGANIZATION NAME: CNRS Synthetic 2nd year report Related with Work Package............ HYDRO-THERMAL FLOW in the influence of a realistic geometry of the fracture on its hydro-thermal response. Several studies have

Schmittbuhl, Jean

71

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS DETERMINATION DU and Technology, Norway ABSTRACT Pressure drop experiments on natural gas flow at 80 to 120 bar pressure and high of natural gas at typical operating pressures (100-180 bar). At such Reynolds numbers the classical Colebrook

Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

72

Geometrical and transport properties of single fractures: influence of the roughness of the fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometrical and transport properties of single fractures: influence of the roughness of the fracture walls H. Auradou Univ Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, F-91405. Lab FAST, Bat reviews the main features of the transport properties of single fractures. A particular attention paid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Development of a Hybrid Powered 2D Biped Walking Machine Designed for Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has built a three legged 2D biped walking machine to be used as a test stand for studying rough terrain walking. The specific aim of this research is to investigate how biped walkers can best maintain walking stability when acted upon by small...

Baker, Bryce C.

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

74

Atmospheric Momentum Roughness Applied to Stage-Discharge Relationships in Flood Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­Weisbach formula is modified to account for vegetative resistance by application of surface roughness lengths appropriate friction factors. Schlicting 1955 reviews the relationship between the Ni- kuradsse's equivalent 1996 developed and calibrated procedures to estimate flow resistance based on the Colebrook

75

Importance of thermal effects and sea surface roughness for offshore wind resource assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sites. The first large offshore wind farms are currently being built in several countries in EuropeImportance of thermal effects and sea surface roughness for offshore wind resource assessment National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark Abstract The economic feasibility of offshore wind power utilisation

Heinemann, Detlev

76

Estimation of the aerodynamic roughness length in arid and semi-arid regions over the globe with the ERS scatterometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of the aerodynamic roughness length in arid and semi-arid regions over the globe 2005. [1] Estimates of the aerodynamic roughness lengths z0 in arid and semi-arid regions: Prigent, C., I. Tegen, F. Aires, B. Marticorena, and M. Zribi (2005), Estimation of the aerodynamic

Aires, Filipe

77

486 IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 7, JULY 2007 Estimation of Roughness-Induced Power Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it to predict the roughness effect on power loss. Index Terms--Power absorption, power spectral density (PSD significant additional power loss that can be detrimental for insertion loss limited designs. We recently interconnect surfaces and use it to estimate corresponding roughness-induced power loss. The 2-D PSD

Tsang, Leung

78

Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during the deposition of thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1645 Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during). The surface roughness evolution was calculated as a function of thickness from the soft X-ray reflectance Abstracts 07.60H - 68.20 - 68.55 - 78.65 Introduction. Soft X-ray reflectometry (SXR) was introduced

Boyer, Edmond

79

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces in multilayered systems. I. Specular reflectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces formulation of x-ray resonant magnetic scattering from rough surfaces and interfaces is given for specular/Fe multilayer. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.224409 PACS number s : 75.70.Cn, 61.10.Kw I. INTRODUCTION X-ray

Haskel, Daniel

80

Electrochemical machining process for forming surface roughness elements on a gas turbine shroud  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The back side recessed cooling surface of a shroud defining in part the hot gas path of a turbine is electrochemically machined to provide surface roughness elements and spaces therebetween to increase the heat transfer coefficient. To accomplish this, an electrode with insulating dielectric portions and non-insulating portions is disposed in opposition to the cooling surface. By passing an electrolyte between the cooling surface and electrode and applying an electrical current between the electrode and a shroud, roughness elements and spaces therebetween are formed in the cooling surface in opposition to the insulating and non-insulating portions of the electrode, hence increasing the surface area and heat transfer coefficient of the shroud.

Lee, Ching-Pang (Cincinnati, OH); Johnson, Robert Alan (Simpsonville, SC); Wei, Bin (Mechanicville, NY); Wang, Hsin-Pang (Rexford, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy production rates in fluid mixtures of inelastic rough hard spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this work is to explore the combined effect of polydispersity and roughness on the partial energy production rates and on the total cooling rate of a granular fluid mixture. We consider a mixture of inelastic rough hard spheres of different number densities, masses, diameters, moments of inertia, and mutual coefficients of normal and tangential restitution. Starting from the first equation of the BBGKY hierarchy, the collisional energy production rates associated with the translational and rotational temperatures ($T_i^\\text{tr}$ and $T_i^\\text{rot}$) are expressed in terms of two-body average values. Next, those average values are estimated by assuming a velocity distribution function based on maximum-entropy arguments, allowing us to express the energy production rates and the total cooling rate in terms of the partial temperatures and the parameters of the mixture. Finally, the results are applied to the homogeneous cooling state of a binary mixture and the influence of inelasticity and roughness on the temperature ratios $T_1^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{rot}$, $T_2^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{tr}$, and $T_2^\\text{rot}/T_1^\\text{rot}$ is analyzed.

Andrés Santos; Gilberto M. Kremer; Vicente Garzó

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Positional cloning and characterization of the Rotten Ear (Rte) gene in Zea mays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with EcoRI and SalI, with Cold Fusion technology (System+2x35S cut with XhoI using Cold Fusion technology (SystemXhoI and XbaI cut sites using Cold Fusion technology (System

Tabi, Ma Zara Emilia Marañon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Single-layer MoS{sub 2} roughness and sliding friction quenching by interaction with atomically flat substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We experimentally study the surface roughness and the lateral friction force in single-layer MoS{sub 2} crystals deposited on different substrates: SiO{sub 2}, mica, and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). Roughness and sliding friction measurements are performed by atomic force microscopy. We find a strong dependence of the MoS{sub 2} roughness on the underlying substrate material, being h-BN the substrate which better preserves the flatness of the MoS{sub 2} crystal. The lateral friction also lowers as the roughness decreases, and attains its lowest value for MoS{sub 2} flakes on h-BN substrates. However, it is still higher than for the surface of a bulk MoS{sub 2} crystal, which we attribute to the deformation of the flake due to competing tip-to-flake and flake-to-substrate interactions.

Quereda, J. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Castellanos-Gomez, A. [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Agraït, N. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, IMDEA-Nanociencia, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales Nicolás Cabrera, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Rubio-Bollinger, G., E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid E-28049 (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales Nicolás Cabrera, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

84

Anomalous scaling and super-roughness in the growth of CdTe polycrystalline films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CdTe films grown on glass substrates covered by fluorine doped tin oxide by Hot Wall Epitaxy (HWE) were studied through the interface dynamical scaling theory. Direct measures of the dynamical exponent revealed an intrinsically anomalous scaling characterized by a global roughness exponent $\\alpha$ distinct from the local one (the Hurst exponent $H$), previously reported [Ferreira \\textit{et al}., Appl. Phys. Lett. \\textbf{88}, 244103 (2006)]. A variety of scaling behaviors was obtained with varying substrate temperature. In particular, a transition from a intrinsically anomalous scaling regime with $H\

Angélica S. Mata; Silvio C. Ferreira, Jr.; Igor R. B. Ribeiro; Sukarno O. Ferreira

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

85

EFFECTS OF GRAPHITE SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON BYPASS FLOW COMPUTATIONS FOR AN HTGR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bypass flow in a prismatic high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) occurs between graphite blocks as they sit side by side in the core. Bypass flow is not intentionally designed to occur in the reactor, but is present because of tolerances in manufacture, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage of the blocks from heating and irradiation. It is desired to increase the knowledge of the effects of such flow, which has been estimated to be as much as 20% of the total helium coolant flow. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations can provide estimates of the scale and impacts of bypass flow. Previous CFD calculations have examined the effects of bypass gap width, level and distribution of heat generation and effects of shrinkage. The present contribution examines the effects of graphite surface roughness on the bypass flow for different relative roughness factors on three gap widths. Such calculations should be validated using specific bypass flow measurements. While such experiments are currently underway for the specific reference prismatic HTGR design for the next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) program of the U. S. Dept. of Energy, the data are not yet available. To enhance confidence in the present calculations, wall shear stress and heat transfer results for several turbulence models and their associated wall treatments are first compared for flow in a single tube that is representative of a coolant channel in the prismatic HTGR core. The results are compared to published correlations for wall shear stress and Nusselt number in turbulent pipe flow. Turbulence models that perform well are then used to make bypass flow calculations in a symmetric onetwelfth sector of a prismatic block that includes bypass flow. The comparison of shear stress and Nusselt number results with published correlations constitutes a partial validation of the CFD model. Calculations are also compared to ones made previously using a different CFD code. Results indicate that increasing surface roughness increases the maximum fuel and helium temperatures as do increases in gap width. However, maximum coolant temperature variation due to increased gap width is not changed by surface roughness.

Rich Johnson; Yu-Hsin Tung; Hiroyuki Sato

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Turbulent Friction in Rough Pipes and the Energy Spectrum of the Phenomenological Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical experiments on turbulent friction in rough pipes were performed by J. Nikuradse in the 1930's. Seventy years later, they continue to defy theory. Here we model Nikuradse's experiments using the phenomenological theory of Kolmog\\'orov, a theory that is widely thought to be applicable only to highly idealized flows. Our results include both the empirical scalings of Blasius and Strickler, and are otherwise in minute qualitative agreement with the experiments; they suggest that the phenomenological theory may be relevant to other flows of practical interest; and they unveil the existence of close ties between two milestones of experimental and theoretical turbulence.

G. Gioia; Pinaki Chakraborty

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

87

Investigation of wall friction in noncircular ducts with a rough liner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Civil ~Rn i , I nd , p. 166, P h Ay, 1DDD 2. R k'*1, R M * i, M*ch d I' G 1 ti A~n 1 Viley and. Sons, Inc. , New York, p. 66, 1950, H *I ci er, P. G. , ~atd, P~, d Ai. ~G* d't'* 19: 127(19rr. 7). O; Johnaon, Guy, Jr. , Determination oi' the ~pandit...INVESTIGATION OZ 7('ALL FRICTION IN NONCIHCULAR DUCTS VIITH A ROUGH LINEH A Thesis John Charles Tyler Submitted. to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Tyler, John Charles

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Improved detection of rough defects for ultrasonic NDE inspections based on finite element modeling of elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Defects which posses rough surfaces greatly affect ultrasonic wave scattering behaviour, often reducing the magnitude of reflected signals. Ultrasonic inspections rely upon this response for detecting and sizing flaws. For safety critical components reliable characterisation is crucial. Therefore, providing an accurate means to predict reductions in signal amplitude is essential. An extension of Kirchhoff theory has formed the basis for the UK power industry inspection justifications. However, it is widely recognised that these predictions are pessimistic owing to analytical approximations. A numerical full field modelling approach does not fall victim to such limitations. Here, a Finite Element model is used to aid in setting a non-conservative reporting threshold during the inspection of a large pressure vessel forging that might contain embedded rough defects. The ultrasonic response from multiple rough surfaces defined by the same statistical class is calculated for normal incident compression waves. The approach is validated by comparing coherent scattering with predictions made by Kirchhoff theory. At lower levels of roughness excellent agreement is observed, whilst higher values confirm the pessimism of Kirchhoff theory. Furthermore, the mean amplitude in the specular direction is calculated. This represents the information obtained during an inspection, indicating that reductions due to increasing roughness are significantly less than the coherent component currently being used.

Pettit, J. R. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby, UK, DE21 7XX and Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Walker, A. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby DE21 7XX (United Kingdom); Lowe, M. J. S. [Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

89

Organic photosensitive cells grown on rough electrode with nano-scale morphology control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optoelectronic device and a method for fabricating the optoelectronic device includes a first electrode disposed on a substrate, an exposed surface of the first electrode having a root mean square roughness of at least 30 nm and a height variation of at least 200 nm, the first electrode being transparent. A conformal layer of a first organic semiconductor material is deposited onto the first electrode by organic vapor phase deposition, the first organic semiconductor material being a small molecule material. A layer of a second organic semiconductor material is deposited over the conformal layer. At least some of the layer of the second organic semiconductor material directly contacts the conformal layer. A second electrode is deposited over the layer of the second organic semiconductor material. The first organic semiconductor material is of a donor-type or an acceptor-type relative to the second organic semiconductor material, which is of the other material type.

Yang, Fan (Piscataway, NJ); Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Light scattering by a rough surface of human skin. 1. The luminance factor of reflected light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the analytical solution of Maxwell's equations, we have studied the angular structure of the luminance factor of light reflected by the rough skin surface with large-scale relief elements, illuminated by a directed radiation beam incident at an arbitrary angle inside or outside the medium. The parameters of the surface inhomogeneities are typical of human skin. The calculated angular dependences are interpreted from the point of view of the angular distribution function of micro areas. The results obtained can be used for solving direct and inverse problems in biomedical optics, in particular for determining the depth of light penetration into a biological tissue, for studying the light action spectra on tissue chromophores under the in vivo conditions, for developing diagnostic methods of structural and biophysical parameters of a medium, and for optimising the mechanisms of interaction of light with biological tissues under their noninvasive irradiation through skin. (biomedical optics)

Barun, V V [Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk (Belarus); Ivanov, A P [B.I.Stepanov Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Water-waves modes trapped in a canal by a body with the rough surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem about a body in a three dimensional infinite channel is considered in the framework of the theory of linear water-waves. The body has a rough surface characterized by a small parameter $\\epsilon>0$ while the distance of the body to the water surface is also of order $\\epsilon$. Under a certain symmetry assumption, the accumulation effect for trapped mode frequencies is established, namely, it is proved that, for any given $d>0$ and integer $N>0$, there exists $\\epsilon(d,N)>0$ such that the problem has at least $N$ eigenvalues in the interval $(0,d)$ of the continuous spectrum in the case $\\epsilon\\in(0,\\epsilon(d,N)) $. The corresponding eigenfunctions decay exponentially at infinity, have finite energy, and imply trapped modes.

G. Cardone; T. Durante; S. A. Nazarov

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

Light emitting diode with high aspect ratio submicron roughness for light extraction and methods of forming  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The surface morphology of an LED light emitting surface is changed by applying a reactive ion etch (RIE) process to the light emitting surface. High aspect ratio, submicron roughness is formed on the light emitting surface by transferring a thin film metal hard-mask having submicron patterns to the surface prior to applying a reactive ion etch process. The submicron patterns in the metal hard-mask can be formed using a low cost, commercially available nano-patterned template which is transferred to the surface with the mask. After subsequently binding the mask to the surface, the template is removed and the RIE process is applied for time duration sufficient to change the morphology of the surface. The modified surface contains non-symmetric, submicron structures having high aspect ratio which increase the efficiency of the device.

Li, Ting (Ventura, CA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

Light emitting diode with high aspect ratio submicron roughness for light extraction and methods of forming  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The surface morphology of an LED light emitting surface is changed by applying a reactive ion etch (RIE) process to the light emitting surface. High aspect ratio, submicron roughness is formed on the light emitting surface by transferring a thin film metal hard-mask having submicron patterns to the surface prior to applying a reactive ion etch process. The submicron patterns in the metal hard-mask can be formed using a low cost, commercially available nano-patterned template which is transferred to the surface with the mask. After subsequently binding the mask to the surface, the template is removed and the RIE process is applied for time duration sufficient to change the morphology of the surface. The modified surface contains non-symmetric, submicron structures having high aspect ratio which increase the efficiency of the device.

Li, Ting

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

94

Surface Roughness of Stainless Steel Bender Mirrors for FocusingSoft X-rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used polished stainless steel as a mirror substrate to provide focusing of soft x-rays in grazing incidence reflection. The substrate is bent to an elliptical shape with large curvature and high stresses in the substrate require a strong elastic material. Conventional material choices of silicon or of glass will not withstand the stress required. The use of steel allows the substrates to be polished and installed flat, using screws in tapped holes. The ultra-high-vacuum bender mechanism is motorized and computer controlled. These mirrors are used to deliver focused beams of soft x-rays onto the surface of a sample for experiments at the Advanced Light Source (ALS). They provide an illumination field that can be as small as the mirror demagnification allows, for localized study, and can be enlarged, under computer control,for survey measurements over areas of the surface up to several millimeters. The critical issue of the quality of the steel surface, polished and coated with gold, which limits the minimum achievable focused spot size is discussed in detail. Comparison is made to a polished, gold coated, electroless nickel surface, which provides a smoother finish. Surface measurements are presented as power spectral densities, as a function of spatial frequency. The surface height distributions measured with an interferometric microscope, and complemented by atomic force microscope measurements, are used to compute power spectral densities and then to evaluate the surface roughness. The effects of roughness in reducing the specular reflectivity are verified by soft x-ray measurements.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Gullikson, Eric M.; Howells, Malcolm R.; Irick, Steve C.; MacDowell, Alastair A.; McKinney, Wayne R.; Salmassi,Farhad; Warwick, Tony; Metz, James P.; Tonnessen, Thomas W.

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

Variation of urban momentum roughness length with land use in the upwind source area, as observed in two UK cities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in two UK cities. G.G.Rooney (gabriel.rooney@metoffice.com), I.D.Longley and J.F.Barlow Met Office Field fraction of different cover types, Birmingham 20 4 roughness lengths against wind direction, Salford 21 5 in building wakes to its blended final state at some height above the urban canopy, for a real city, tests

Reading, University of

96

1216 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 57, NO. 5, MAY 2009 Wave Propagation in a Randomly Rough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the power loss. The derived result is expressed in terms of a double Sommerfeld integral. The double propagation and power loss are illustrated as a function of roughness characteristics and waveguide thickness thickness, the waveguide model shows signif- icantly different power loss as compared to the plane

Tsang, Leung

97

Linear Algebra Research Project Rough Draft Nick Davis Camera Transformations in OpenGL ES 2.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear Algebra Research Project Rough Draft Nick Davis Camera Transformations in OpenGL ES 2.0 Since the advent of the analog computer the power of visual display has played an integral part graphical output, including components designed solely for calculating graphics (Graphics Processing Units

Marzuola, Jeremy

98

Lattice Boltzmann simulations in microfluidics: probing the no-slip boundary condition in hydrophobic, rough, and surface nanobubble laden microchannels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this contribution we review recent efforts on investigations of the effect of (apparent) boundary slip by utilizing lattice Boltzmann simulations. We demonstrate the applicability of the method to treat fundamental questions in microfluidics by investigating fluid flow in hydrophobic and rough microchannels as well as over surfaces covered by nano- or microscale gas bubbles.

Jens Harting; Christian Kunert; Jari Hyväluoma

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

99

IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) Cost Estimate Summary (Leveraged NDC Case).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has prepared a ROM cost estimate for budgetary planning for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 effort, based on leveraging a fully funded, Sandia executed NDC Modernization project. This report provides the ROM cost estimate and describes the methodology, assumptions, and cost model details used to create the ROM cost estimate. ROM Cost Estimate Disclaimer Contained herein is a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate that has been provided to enable initial planning for this proposed project. This ROM cost estimate is submitted to facilitate informal discussions in relation to this project and is NOT intended to commit Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) or its resources. Furthermore, as a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia must be compliant with the Anti-Deficiency Act and operate on a full-cost recovery basis. Therefore, while Sandia, in conjunction with the Sponsor, will use best judgment to execute work and to address the highest risks and most important issues in order to effectively manage within cost constraints, this ROM estimate and any subsequent approved cost estimates are on a 'full-cost recovery' basis. Thus, work can neither commence nor continue unless adequate funding has been accepted and certified by DOE.

Harris, James M.; Prescott, Ryan; Dawson, Jericah M.; Huelskamp, Robert M.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

An atomic force microscopy-based method for line edge roughness measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the constant decrease of semiconductor device dimensions, line edge roughness (LER) becomes one of the most important sources of device variability and needs to be controlled below 2 nm for the future technological nodes of the semiconductor roadmap. LER control at the nanometer scale requires accurate measurements. We introduce a technique for LER measurement based upon the atomic force microscope (AFM). In this technique, the sample is tilted at about 45 Degree-Sign and feature sidewalls are scanned along their length with the AFM tip to obtain three-dimensional images. The small radius of curvature of the tip together with the low noise level of a laboratory AFM result in high resolution images. Half profiles and LER values on all the height of the sidewalls are extracted from the 3D images using a procedure that we developed. The influence of sample angle variations on the measurements is shown to be small. The technique is applied to the study of a full pattern transfer into a simplified gate stack. The images obtained are qualitatively consistent with cross-section scanning electron microscopy images and the average LER values agree with that obtained by critical dimension scanning electron microscopy. In addition to its high resolution, this technique presents several advantages such as the ability to image the foot of photoresist lines, complex multi-layer stacks regardless of the materials, and deep re-entrant profiles.

Fouchier, M.; Pargon, E.; Bardet, B. [CNRS/UJF-Grenoble1/CEA LTM, 17 avenue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble cedex 9 (France)

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Systematic analysis of Persson's contact mechanics theory of randomly rough elastic surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We systematically check explicit and implicit assumptions of Persson's contact mechanics theory. It casts the evolution of the pressure distribution ${\\rm Pr}(p)$ with increasing resolution of surface roughness as a diffusive process, in which resolution plays the role of time. The tested key assumptions of the theory are: (a) the diffusion coefficient is independent of pressure $p$, (b) the diffusion process is drift-free at any value of $p$, (c) the point $p=0$ acts as an absorbing barrier, i.e., once a point falls out of contact, it never reenters again, (d) the Fourier component of the elastic energy is only populated if the appropriate wave vector is resolved, and (e) it no longer changes when even smaller wavelengths are resolved. Using high-resolution numerical simulations, we quantify deviations from these approximations and find quite significant discrepancies in some cases. For example, the drift becomes substantial for small values of $p$, which typically represent points in real space close to a contact line. On the other hand, there is a significant flux of points reentering contact. These and other identified deviations cancel each other to a large degree, resulting in an overall excellent description for contact area, contact geometry, and gap distribution functions. Similar fortuitous error cancellations cannot be guaranteed under different circumstances, for instance when investigating rubber friction. The results of the simulations may provide guidelines for a systematic improvement of the theory.

Wolf B. Dapp; Nikolay Prodanov; Martin H. Müser

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

102

Colloid deposition on non-ideal porous media: The influences of collector shape and roughness on the single-collector efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colloid deposition on non-ideal porous media: The influences of collector shape and roughness on the single-collector efficiency James E. Saiers School of Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven changes in mineral-grain shape and surface roughness influence the single-collector contact efficiency (h

Saiers, James

103

Effects of grit roughness and pitch oscillations on the NACA 4415 airfoil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A NACA 4415 airfoil model was tested in The Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory 3 x 5 subsonic wind tunnel under steady state and unsteady conditions. The test defined baseline conditions for steady state angles of attack from {minus}10{degree} to +40{degree} and examined unsteady behavior by oscillating the model about its pitch axis for three mean angles, three frequencies, and two amplitudes. For all cases, Reynolds numbers of 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million were used. In addition, these were repeated after the application of leading edge grit roughness (LEGR) to determine contamination effects on the airfoil performance. Steady state results of the NACA 4415 testing at Reynolds number of 1.25 million showed a baseline maximum lift coefficient of 1.30 at 12.3{degree} angle of attack. The application of LEGR reduced the maximum lift coefficient by 20% and increased the 0.0090 minimum drag coefficient value by 62%. The zero lift pitching moment of {minus}0.0967 showed a 13% reduction in magnitude to {minus}0.0842 with LEGR applied. Data were also obtained for two pitch oscillation amplitudes: {+-}5.5{degree} and {+-}10{degree}. The larger amplitude consistently gave a higher maximum lift coefficient than the smaller amplitude, and both unsteady maximum lift coefficients were greater than the steady state values. Stall is delayed on the airfoil while the angle of attack is increasing, thereby causing an increase in maximum lift coefficient. A hysteresis behavior was exhibited for all the unsteady test cases. The hysteresis loops were larger for the higher reduced frequencies and for the larger amplitude oscillations. As in the steady case, the effect of LEGR in the unsteady case was to reduce the lift coefficient at high angles of attack. In addition, with LEGR, the hysteresis behavior persisted into lower angles of attack than for the clean case.

Hoffmann, M.J.; Reuss Ramsay, R.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

An experimental investigation of silicon wafer surface roughness and its effect on the full strength of plated metals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plated silicon wafers with surface roughness ranging from 0.4 to 130 microinches were subjected to tensile pull strength tests. Electroless Ni/electroless Cu/electroplated Cu and electroless Ni/electroplated Cu were the two types of plate contacts tested. It was found that smoother surfaces had higher pull strength than rougher, chemically etched surfaces. The presence of the electroless Cu layer was found to be important to adhesion. The mode of fracture of the contact as it left the silicon was studied, and it was found that in almost all cases separation was due to fracture of the bulk silicon phase. The correlation between surface roughness and mode of contact failure is presented and interpreted.

Spiers, G.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Atomic intermixing and interface roughness in short-period InAs/GaSb superlattices for infrared photodetectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A set of advanced characterization methods, including high-resolution X-ray diffraction (measurements and simulations), cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy, and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy is applied to quantify the interface roughness and atomic intermixing (in both cation and anion sub-lattices) in short period (6–7?nm) InAs/GaSb superlattices intended for mid-wavelength (M) and long-wavelength (L) infrared detectors. The undesired atomic intermixing and interface roughness in the L-samples were found to be considerably lower than in the M-samples. In all specimens, anion intermixing is much higher than that in the cation sub-lattice. Possible origins of these findings are discussed.

Ashuach, Y.; Lakin, E.; Kaufmann, Y. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Saguy, C. [Solid State Institute, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Zolotoyabko, E., E-mail: zloto@tx.technion.ac.il [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Solid State Institute, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

106

Development of the Robotic Touch foot Sensor for 2D walking Robot, for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of the Robotic Touch foot Sensor for 2D walking Robot, for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion By HUNWOO LEE Submitted to the graduate degree program in Mechanical Engineering and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas... ________________________________ Professor Robert Umholtz Date Defended: June 5, 2012 ii The Thesis Committee for HUNWOO LEE certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis: Development of the Robotic Touch Foot Sensor for 2D Walking Robot...

Lee, Hunwoo

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Surface smoothing effect of an amorphous thin film deposited by atomic layer deposition on a surface with nano-sized roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previously, Lau (one of the authors) pointed out that the deposition of an amorphous thin film by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on a substrate with nano-sized roughness probably has a surface smoothing effect. In this letter, polycrystalline zinc oxide deposited by ALD onto a smooth substrate was used as a substrate with nano-sized roughness. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM) were used to demonstrate that an amorphous aluminum oxide thin film deposited by ALD can reduce the surface roughness of a polycrystalline zinc oxide coated substrate.

Lau, W. S., E-mail: liuweicheng@zju.edu.cn; Wan, X.; Xu, Y.; Wong, H. [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Zhang, J. [Zhejiang University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Zhejiang University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Luo, J. K. [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute of Renewable Energy and Environment Technology, Bolton University, Deane Road, Bolton BL3 5 AB (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Separate effects of surface roughness, wettability and porosity on boiling heat transfer and critical heat flux and optimization of boiling surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The separate effects of surface wettability, porosity, and roughness on critical heat flux (CHF) and heat transfer coefficient (HTC) were examined using carefully-engineered surfaces. All test surfaces were prepared on ...

O'Hanley, Harrison Fagan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Frequency-Rank Correlations of Rhodopsin Mutations with Tuned Hydropathic Roughness Based on Self-Organized Criticality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of disease-linked mutations of membrane proteins is especially simple in rhodopsin, where they are well-studied, as they are responsible for retinitis pigmentosa, RP (retinal degeneration). Here we show that the frequency of occurrence of single RP mutations is strongly influenced by their posttranslational survival rates, and that this survival correlates well (82%) with a long-range, non-local hydropathic measure of the roughness of the water interfaces of ex-membrane rhodopsin based on self-organized criticality (SOC). It is speculated that this concept may be generally useful in studying survival rates of many mutated proteins.

J. C. Phillips

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

The role of an interface on Ni film removal and surface roughness after irradiation by femtosecond laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have observed thin film removal from glass substrates after the irradiation of Ni films with femtosecond laser pulses in air. It was found that the material removal threshold and laser-induced morphology are dependent on film thickness. With decreasing thickness, material removal transitions from intra-film separation to removal at the Ni-glass interface. The Gaussian energy distribution of the laser pulse allows for intra-film separation in the annular region of the crater and interface separation in the center. We propose a model to explain these data as well as the observed increased surface roughness in the interfacial removal regions.

Murphy, Ryan D. [Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Torralva, Ben [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Yalisove, Steven M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

111

Roughness analysis applied to niobium thin films grown on MgO(001) surfaces for superconducting radio frequency cavity applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes surface studies to address roughness issues inherent to thin film coatings deposited onto superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. This is particularly relevant for multilayered thin film coatings that are being considered as a possible scheme to overcome technical issues and to surpass the fundamental limit of ?50??MV/m accelerating gradient achievable with bulk niobium. In 2006, a model by Gurevich [ Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 012511 (2006)] was proposed to overcome this limit that involves coating superconducting layers separated by insulating ones onto the inner walls of the cavities. Thus, we have undertaken a systematic effort to understand the dynamic evolution of the Nb surface under specific deposition thin film conditions onto an insulating surface in order to explore the feasibility of the proposed model. We examine and compare the morphology from two distinct Nb/MgO series, each with its own epitaxial registry, at very low growth rates and closely examine the dynamical scaling of the surface features during growth. Further, we apply analysis techniques such as power spectral density to the specific problem of thin film growth and roughness evolution to qualify the set of deposition conditions that lead to successful SRF coatings.

D. B. Beringer, W. M. Roach, C. Clavero, C. E. Reece, R. A. Lukaszew

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Association of coal metamorphism and hydrothermal mineralization in Rough Creek fault zone and Fluorspar District, Western Kentucky  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ambient coal rank (metamorphism) of the Carboniferous coals in the Western Kentucky coalfield ranges from high volatile A bituminous (vitrinite maximum reflectance up to 0.75% R/sub max/) in the Webster syncline (Webster and southern Union Counties) to high volatile C bituminous (0.45 to 0.60% R/sub max/) over most of the remainder of the area. Anomalous patterns of metamorphism, however, have been noted in coals recovered from cores and mines in fault blocks of the Rough Creek fault zone and Fluorspar District. Coals in Gil-30 borehole (Rough Creek faults, Bordley Quadrangle, Union County) vary with no regard for vertical position, from high volatile C(0.55% R/sub max/) to high volatile A (0.89%R/sub max) bituminous. Examination of the upper Sturgis Formation (Missourian/Virgilian) coals revealed that the higher rank (generally above 0.75% R/sub max/) coals had vein mineral assemblages of sphalerite, twinned calcite, and ferroan dolomite. Lower rank coals had only untwinned calcite. Several sites in Webster County contain various coals (Well (No. 8) to Coiltwon (No. 14)) with vitrinite reflectances up to 0.83% R/sub max/ and associated sphalerite mineralization. Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian (Caseyville Formation Gentry coal) coals in the mineralized Fluorspar District have ranks to nearly medium volatile bituminous (1.03% R/sub max/). The regional rank trend exhibited by the fualt zones is generally higher rank than the surrounding areas. Sphalerite mineralization in itself is not unique within Illinois basin coals, but if it was partly responsible for the metamorphism of these coals, then the fluid temperature must have been higher within the above mentioned fault complexes.

Hower, J.C.; Fiene, F.L.; Trinkle, E.J.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

D etailed m odeling ofreactive flow s th rough geologicm edia is necessary to understand a num ber of environm entalproblem s of national  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluids and geologic seq uestration of CO2 in deep reservoirs. Such problem s generally req uire sim s to th e surface , for e xam ple , th rough abandone d w e lls and fracture s in cap rock s. Accurate

Mills, Richard

114

Discrepancy between Subcritical and Fast Rupture Roughness: A Cumulant Analysis N. Mallick, P.-P. Cortet, S. Santucci,* S. G. Roux, and L. Vanel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discrepancy between Subcritical and Fast Rupture Roughness: A Cumulant Analysis N. Mallick, P the slow (subcritical) and the fast growth regime. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.255502 PACS numbers: 62, crack growth starts in a subcritical regime where the growth is slow (v 10ÿ5­10ÿ2 m sÿ1) and reaches

Roux, Stephane

115

COMPARISON OF SEA SURFACE ROUGHNESS MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER UTILISATION Bernhard Lange(1), Jrgen Hjstrup(2), Sren Larsen(2), Rebecca Barthelmie(2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large offshore wind farms are being built in several countries in Europe. The economic viabilityCOMPARISON OF SEA SURFACE ROUGHNESS MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER UTILISATION Bernhard Lange(1 of such projects depends on the favourable wind conditions of offshore sites, since the higher energy yield has

Heinemann, Detlev

116

Review of the margins for ASME code fatigue design curve - effects of surface roughness and material variability.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of nuclear power plant components. The Code specifies fatigue design curves for structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. Existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. This report provides an overview of the existing fatigue {var_epsilon}-N data for carbon and low-alloy steels and wrought and cast austenitic SSs to define the effects of key material, loading, and environmental parameters on the fatigue lives of the steels. Experimental data are presented on the effects of surface roughness on the fatigue life of these steels in air and LWR environments. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves as a function of the material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating environmental effects into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are discussed. Data available in the literature have been reviewed to evaluate the conservatism in the existing ASME Code fatigue evaluations. A critical review of the margins for ASME Code fatigue design curves is presented.

Chopra, O. K.; Shack, W. J.; Energy Technology

2003-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

117

The determination of the turbulent intensities in a transitional flow from a smooth to a rough wall with zero pressure gradient in a two-dimensional channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DETERMINATION OF THE TURBULENT INTENSITIES IN A TRANSITIONAL FLOW FROM A SMOOTH TO A ROUGH WALL WITH ZERO PRESSURE GRADIENT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL CHANNEL A Thesis By Ol3AIDU I. ISLAM Submitted to the Graduate School of. tire Agricultural... WALL WITH ZERO PRESSURE GRADIENT IN A TWO DIMENSIONAL. GHANNEL A Thesis By OBAIDUL ISLAM Approved as to style and content by: F / F Ghairma p'f mm tg Head of Department May 1963 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Grateful acknowledgment is made to the Texas...

Islam, Obaidul

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

IMPACT OF DIELECTRIC PARAMETERS ON THE REFLECTIVITY OF 3C-SiC WAFERS WITH A ROUGH SURFACE MORPHOLOGY IN THE RESTSTRAHLEN REGION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A layer-on-substrate model is used to obtain the infrared reflectance for 3C-SiC with a rough surface morphology. The effect of varying dielectric parameters of the “damaged layer” on the observed reflectivity of the 3C-SiC in the reststrahlen region is assessed. Different simulated reflectance spectra are obtained to those if the dielectric parameters of the “substrate” were varied. Most notable changes in the shape of the simulated reststrahlen peak are observed for changes in the high frequency dielectric constant, the phonon damping constant, the phonon frequencies and “thickness” of damaged surface layer.

J.A.A. Engelbrecht; E. Janzén; A. Henry; I.J. van Rooyen

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Impact of surface roughness on the electrical parameters of industrial high efficiency NaOH-NaOCl textured multicrystalline silicon solar cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution (1:1 ratio by volume) based texturization process at 80-82 C is an easy, low cost and comparatively new and convenient option for fabrication of any multicrystalline silicon (mC-Si) solar cell. In the present study atomic force microscope is used to observe the intragrain surface in a miniscule area (3 {mu}m x 3 {mu}m) of NaOH-NaOCl textured surface by two and three dimensional analysis, roughness analysis and section analysis. The r.m.s value of the surface parameter of 7.0 nm ascertains the smoothness of the textured surface and further the surface reflectivity is minimized to 4-6% in the 500-1000 nm wavelength range by a proper silicon nitride anti-reflection coating. Comparing with the standard HF-HNO{sub 3}-CH{sub 3}COOH acid textured cell, the NaOH-NaOCl textured cell shows a comparatively lower value of series resistance of 7.17 m{omega}, higher value of shunt resistance of 18.4 {omega} to yield a fill factor of 0.766 leading to more than 15% cell efficiency in the industrial cell processing line. This AFM study yields different surface roughness parameters for the NaOH-NaOCl textured wafers which can be used as a reference standard for optimized texturing. (author)

Basu, P.K. [Department of Physics, Echelon Institute of Technology, Faridabad 121002, Haryana (India); Pujahari, R.M. [Department of Physics, Echelon Institute of Technology, Faridabad 121002, Haryana (India); Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Kaur, Harpreet [Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Department of Physics, Advanced Institute of Technology and Management, Palwal 121105, Haryana (India); Singh, Devi [Department of Physics, Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad 121001, Haryana (India); Varandani, D.; Mehta, B.R. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Surface figure and roughness tolerances for NIF optics and the interpretation of the gradient, P-V wavefront and RMS specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a high energy laser system such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the ability to focus light into as small a spot as possible at the highest possible fluence is highly dependent on the quality of the optics used in the system. Typically, surface form errors and transmitted and reflected wavefront errors are specified in terms of a peak-to-valley wavefront error (P-V), or occasionally in terms of an RMS wavefront error (RMS) 1 . It has been shown, however, that the parameter that most closely correlates with beam focusability is neither of these, but the RMS of the gradients of the wavefront error (RMS Gradient). Further, the spatial frequency of the wavefront error plays a significant role in the way that a given error effects the performance of the laser system, so careful attention must be paid to how the spatial filtering is both specified and accomplished. Since ISO 10110 has no specific provisions for a gradient specification, LLNL has developed its own notation and procedures for these critical specifications. In evaluating surface figure errors as specified by the NIF drawings, modern phase modulating interferometers (PMI) will be used. In addition to performing QA testing of the optics, LLNL intends to utilize the software capabilities of the instruments to obtain the information to model the wavefront of the 131 passes through various optical elements comprising the NIF front end. Tests will be performed and documented after coating and as installed in the specified mechanical mounts. This paper describes the evaluation of the wavefront error for NIF small optics including specifications over a given spatial period callout, the proper low pass filtering of the data and the allowable filtering and settings that can be applied to obtain proper wavefront data. This paper also describes the origin and evolution of other NIF wavefront and roughness specifications, and gives examples. Since the wavefront requirements and hence the specifications vary for the different systems in the NIF, we will focus on one system, the injection laser system (ILS) or ''front end''. Also discussed will be the metrology and data manipulation requirements for the large aperture optics. Finally, clarification will be given to the differences between various versions of the RMS wavefront and roughness specifications allowed in ISO 10110, and how they contrast to the RMS roughness specifications used in ANSI-Y14.5.

Aikens, D M; English, R E; House, W; Lawson, J K; Nichols, M A; Whistler, W T

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Film Growth and Surface Roughness with Fluctuating Covalent Bonds in Evaporating Aqueous Solution of Reactive Hydrophobic and Polar Groups: A Computer Simulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A computer simulation model is proposed to study film growth and surface roughness in aqueous ($A$) solution of hydrophobic ($H$) and hydrophilic ($P$) groups on a simple three dimensional lattice of size $L_x \\times L_y \\times L_z$ with an adsorbing substrate. Each group is represented by a particle with appropriate characteristics occupying a unit cube (i.e., eight sites). The Metropolis algorithm is used to move each particle stochastically. The aqueous constituents are allowed to evaporate while the concentration of $H$ and $P$ is constant. Reactions proceed from the substrate and bonded particles can hop within a fluctuating bond length. The film thickness ($h$) and its interface width ($W$) are examined for hard-core and interacting particles for a range of temperature ($T$). Simulation data show a rapid increase in $h$ and $W$ is followed by its non-monotonic growth and decay before reaching steady-state equilibrium ($h_s, W_s$) in asymptotic time step limit. The growth can be described by power-laws, e.g., $h \\propto t^{\\gamma}, W \\propto t^{\\beta}$ with a typical value of $\\gamma \\approx 2, \\beta \\approx 1$ in initial time regime followed by $\\gamma \\approx 1.5, \\beta \\approx 0.8$ at $T = 0.5$. For hard-core system, the equilibrium film thickness ($h_s$) and surface roughness ($w_s$) seem to scale linearly with the temperature, i.e., $h_s = 6.206 + 0.302 T, W_s = 1,255 + 0.425 T$ at low $T$ and $h_s = 6.54 + 0.198 T, W_s = 1.808 + 0.202 T$ at higher $T$. For interacting functional groups in contrast, $h_s$ and $W_s$ decay rapidly followed by a slow increase on raising the temperature.

Shihai Yang; Adam Seyfarth; Sam Bateman; Ras B. Pandey

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

122

Bayesian Networks 1. I can identify rotten meat (r) because it smells bad (s) and because it looks darker than usual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(l|h). #12;5. Suppose that I wake up in the morning and go for a shower. I realize that there is no hot water (¬w). There are two natural causes for it: the heater is faulty (¬h) or there is an electric power: · The heater is faulty · There is a power fault · The heater is faulty, given that there is no electric power

Larrosa, Javier

123

27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.1.5 IMPACT OF THE REAR SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON INDUSTRIAL-TYPE PERC SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-generation industrial solar cells as stated in the International Technology Roadmap [3]. An industrial PERC process flow27th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, 24-28 September 2012, 2AO.1.5 IMPACT OF THE REAR SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON INDUSTRIAL-TYPE PERC SOLAR CELLS C.Kranz1 , S. Wyczanowski1 , S

124

Roughly 15,000 patents a month are issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO).1 By law, these are supposed to cover only "novel" and "nonobvious" inventions, but an average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1347 Roughly 15,000 patents a month are issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO).1 By law­20 hours of patent examiner time,2 and a substantial proportion of the few patents later fully evaluated the issuance of many ques- tionable patents. Responding to such concerns, the Supreme Court recently made

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

125

Temperature-dependent tensile strength, surface roughness diagnostics, and magnetic support and positioning of polymer ICF shells. Final report, October 1, 1993--April 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the course of this grant, we perfected emissivity and accommodation coefficient measurements on polymer ICF shells in the temperature range 250 to 350 K. Values for polystyrene shells are generally between 10{sup -2} and 10{sup -3}, which are very advantageous for ICF at cryogenic temperatures. Preliminary results on Br doped target shells indicate an accommodation coefficient, presumably associated with surface roughness on an atomic scale, about an order of magnitude larger than for ordinary polystyrene target shells. We also constructed apparatus with optical access for low temperature tensile strength and emissivity measurements, and made preliminary tests on this system. Magnetic shells were obtained both from GDP coating and from doping styrene with 10 manometer size ferromagnetic particles. The magnetic properties were measured through electron spin resonance (ESR). These experiments confirm the applicability of the Curie law, and establish the validity of using ESR measurements to determine shell temperature in the low temperature regime from 4K to 250K, thus complementing our presently accessible range. The high electron spin densities (> 10{sup 20}/CM{sup 3}) suggest magnetic levitation should be feasible at cryogenic temperatures. This work has resulted in two conference presentations, a Technical Report, a paper to be published in Fusion Technology, and a Master`s Thesis.

Honig, A.

1995-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Rough Paths Theory Fabrice Baudoin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

set of lifted paths x? : [0,1] ? GN (Rd) with respect to the distance in p-variation ... as we will see, admits a canonical lift in ?p ..... esV etV = esV +tV = etV esV .

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

Fundamental Mechanisms of Interface Roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Publication quality results were obtained for several experiments and materials systems including: (i) Patterning and smoothening of sapphire surfaces by energetic Ar+ ions. Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering (GISAXS) experiments were performed in the system at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) X21 beamline. Ar+ ions in the energy range from 300 eV to 1000 eV were used to produce ripples on the surfaces of single-crystal sapphire. It was found that the ripple wavelength varies strongly with the angle of incidence of the ions, which increase significantly as the angle from normal is varied from 55° to 35°. A smooth region was found for ion incidence less than 35° away from normal incidence. In this region a strong smoothening mechanism with strength proportional to the second derivative of the height of the surface was found to be responsible for the effect. The discovery of this phase transition between stable and unstable regimes as the angle of incidence is varied has also stimulated new work by other groups in the field. (ii) Growth of Ge quantum dots on Si(100) and (111). We discovered the formation of quantum wires on 4° misoriented Si(111) using real-time GISAXS during the deposition of Ge. The results represent the first time-resolved GISAXS study of Ge quantum dot formation. (iii) Sputter deposition of amorphous thin films and multilayers composed of WSi2 and Si. Our in-situ GISAXS experiments reveal fundamental roughening and smoothing phenomena on surfaces during film deposition. The main results of this work is that the WSi2 layers actually become smoother during deposition due to the smoothening effect of energetic particles in the sputter deposition process.

Randall L. Headrick

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

X-ray reflectivity and surface roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the advent of high brightness synchrotron radiation sources there has been a phenomenal growth in the use of x-rays as a probe of surface structure. The technique of x-ray reflectivity is particularly relevant to electrochemists since it is capable of probing the structure normal to an electrode surface in situ. In this paper the theoretical framework for x-ray reflectivity is reviewed and the results from previous non-electrochemistry measurements are summarized. These measurements are from the liquid/air interface (CCl/sub 4/), the metal crystal vacuum interface (Au(100)), and from the liquid/solid interface(liquid crystal/silicon). 34 refs., 5 figs.

Ocko, B.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Enhanced thermoelectric performance of rough silicon nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chen2 *, Raul Diaz Delgado1 , Wenjie Liang1 , Erik C. Garnett1 , Mark Najarian3 , Arun Majumdar2 used are not often easy to scale to practically useful dimensions. Here we report the electrochemical

Yang, Peidong

130

Micromechanical modeling of rough interface behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is highly nonlinear and does not follow the Hertz power law. It was also shown that the shear behavior of the interfaces under constant normal stress exhibits two distinct regimes during shear loading. In the small shear displacement regime, the smooth...

Huang, Shiping

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

131

A Rough Road Leads To The Stars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-ResearchNew MethodAlp ofA Review

132

Effect of Roughness Geometry on Wetting and Dewetting of Rough PDMS Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was studied as model for print surfaces used in additive manufacturing and printed electronics. A smooth PDMS on decline for over a decade,9 printing has evolved and has become a manufacturing technology for flexible are keys to a successful implementation of ink printing in manufacturing. Arias et al.4 showed that balance

Daniel, Susan

133

Hydrogen Sulfide in Drinking Water: Causes and Treatment Alternatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If drinking water has a nuisance "rotten egg odor, it contains hydrogen sulfide. This leaflet discusses how hydrogen sulfide is formed and how the problem can be corrected....

McFarland, Mark L.; Provin, Tony

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Simple data filtering in rough set systems Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of medical indicators for the risk of a heart attack, while p is a combined measure of psychological of a heart attack within a predefined time span, and we code 1 ­ HEART ATTACK, 0 ­ NO HEART ATTACK What

Düntsch, Ivo

135

To our roughly 6,800 new and continuing international  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boiler Out! The Boiler Out! Volunteer Program provides interna- tional students with opportu- nities. Currently, the Boiler Out! cohort repre- sents the diversity of Pur- due's student body, consist- ing of more than 100 stu- dents and representing 19 countries! To learn more about Boiler Out!, view

Ginzel, Matthew

136

Elastic–Plastic Spherical Contact Modeling Including Roughness Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multilevel model for elastic–plastic contact between ajunction growth of an elastic–plastic spherical contact. J.nite element based elastic–plastic model for the contact of

Li, L.; Etsion, I.; Talke, F. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Modeling rough energy landscapes in defected condensed matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation is a computational and theoretical investigation of the behavior of defected condensed matter and its evolution over long time scales. The thesis provides original contributions to the methodology used ...

Monasterio Velásquez, Paul Rene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Analysis of the scattering by an unbounded rough surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 7, 2012 ... Specifically, we consider the scattering of a time-harmonic wave field, ... of analytical solution in the form of an infinite series but also to an ...

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

Analysis of the Scattering by an Unbounded Rough Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution, in the form of an infinite series, is deduced by using a boundary perturbation ... with the mathematical analysis of the solution for an acoustic wave scat-.

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

Design of a chain flail mower for leveling rough terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flail mower is a piece of agricultural equipment that uses bladed attachments rotating around a drum to cut down bushes and grassy terrain. One major drawback to the flail mower is the rapid wear that happens almost ...

Flores, Aaron (Aaron N.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Procedure for estimating fracture energy from fracture surface roughness  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The fracture energy of a material is determined by first measuring the length of a profile of a section through a fractured surface of the material taken on a plane perpendicular to the mean plane of that surface, then determining the fractal dimensionality of the surface. From this, the yield strength of the material, and the Young's Modulus of that material, the fracture energy is calculated.

Williford, Ralph E. (Kennewick, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

NEAR-FIELD IMAGING OF INFINITE ROUGH SURFACES 1 ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cal exploration (e.g., oil and gas exploration), and medical imaging (e.g., breast cancer detection). However, there is a resolution limit to the sharpness of details

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

143

Immersive Planar Display using Roughly Aligned Projectors Ramesh Raskar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.cs.unc.edu/~raskar/Planar/ Abstract When a projector is oblique with respect to a planar dis- playsurface, it creates keystoning is not perpendicular to the display screen, the resultant image is keystoned and ap- pears distorted (Fig 1). We rectangular images (b) Oblique projectors create keystoned images. positioned in large display systems, after

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

144

Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Rough Silicon Allon I. Hochbaum1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nature.com/nature 2 #12;Thermal contact resistance The thermal contact resistance of the Pt-C pads was tested was the same before and after the second Pt-C bonding, indicating that the thermal contact resistance of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3 Department of Materials Science

Yang, Peidong

145

On the rough folding landscape of green fluorescent protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. (2008). Understanding protein folding: small proteins inG. (1997). Theory of protein folding: the energy landscapeenergy landscape of protein folding: a synthesis. Proteins

Andrews, Benjamin Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

What rough beast? Synthetic Biology and the Future of Biosecurity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology seeks to create modular biological parts that can be assembled into useful devices, allowing the modification of biological systems with greater reliability, at lower cost, with greater speed, and by a ...

Mohr, Scott C.

147

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presented here: fuzzy logic, reactive control, and machineto speed control is to utilize fuzzy logic. Fuzzy logic wascontrol, this is a new area of research where reactive speed controller, fuzzy logic,

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Impact of Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. |EndecahemeEMSLImaging the BrainIce Crystal

149

Rough Rock, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginiaRoosevelt Gardens is°

150

Rough and Ready Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginiaRoosevelt Gardens is°and Ready Biomass Facility Jump to:

151

File:Wind rough example.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6Theoretical vs Actual Data Lesson Planrough example.pdf Jump

152

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2 Computational Physics andComputer Sciences andMembrane

153

Surface Orbital 'Roughness' in Colossal Magnetoresistive Oxide | Advanced  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline GalliumSuppression of conductivity inBatteries -Photon

154

www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

like water softeners and water heaters. Occasionally the "rotten egg" odor associated with hydrogen heaters, sulfates can be chemically changed to hydrogen sulfide in some hot water heaters due gas that gives water a distinctive sulfur or "rotten egg" smell and taste, which may be especially

Liskiewicz, Maciej

155

Urbanism of disassembly : strategies for Alang's shipbreaking industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste is an integral part of our contemporary civilization based on consumption and material culture. From an empty soda can to the spent nuclear fuel rod, we define waste as the matter without immediate use: rotten, broken, ...

Barve, Aditya S. (Aditya Shankar)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

TEAM UP WITH TOBY! Return dishes and eating utensils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Kitchenware · Unopened, Non-Perishable Food · Electronic Waste · Glass and Plastic Bottles · Paper, Midterms, Cardboard · Newspapers, Magazine · Metal, Aluminum Cans · Plastic Wrapping · Rotten Food PLEASE DISPOSE

Krstic, Miroslav

157

Origin, evolution, and control of sidewall line edge roughness transfer during plasma etching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont.) micromasking. Porous films seem especially prone, perhaps due to polymer diffusion into the pore structure. Control of polymerization during the etch through the use of lower-polymerizing fluorocarbons or the ...

Rasgon, Stacy A., 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

A Contact-Mechanics-Based Model for General Rough Pads in Chemical Mechanical Polishing Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and System, Microelectronics Department, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, People's Republic of China b and after CMP.1 Figure 1 illustrates metal dishing and oxide erosion in a copper CMP. These two phenomena have a significant impact on circuit performance and yield loss. Thus, it is important to develop

Cai, Wei

159

Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

Losleben, Tamar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Roughness of a tilted anharmonic string at depinning T. Goodman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a string with a net average tilt, we demonstrate that the anhar- monic elastic energy crosses the model renormalization group calculation by Le Doussal and Wiese [8] argued that the quenched KPZ term can indeed with zero average and unit vari- ance, f is a uniform external driving force, and Eel is the elastic energy

Teitel, Stephen L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Parallelized Distributed Embedded Control System for 2D Walking Robot for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, parallelized, embedded control system was developed to provide the control structure for the Jaywalker. This system was chosen for its ability to execute simultaneous tasks efficiently. The two level control system provides a first level to implement a higher...

Strunk, Gavin

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

162

Shear induced diffusive mixing in simulations of dense Couette flow of rough, inelastic hard spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi Department of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland William Polashenski, Jr. Lomic, Inc., 200 Innovation Blvd., State College, Pennsylvania 16803 Pertti Sarkomaa Department of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology

Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

163

On Two-Phase Relative Permeability and Capillary Pressure of Rough-Walled Rock Fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Single Rock Joints", Licentiate Thesis, Lulea Universityof Technology, Lulea, Sweden. Heiba, A. A. , Sahimi, M. ,

Pruess ed, K.; Tsang, Y.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Near-Field Imaging of Infinite Rough Surfaces in Dielectric Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 15, 2014 ... of modern science and technology, including surface chemistry, biology, materials science, and ... Research Plan of NSFC (91130004), and a special research grant from Zhejiang University. ‡ .... for energy absorption.

Bao, G. and Li, P.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Surface Roughness of Stainless Steel Bender Mirrors for Focusing Soft X-rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a polished, gold coated, electroless nickel surface, whichthe past, 15 with an electroless nickel surface for smoothwas coated with electroless nickel after the steel failed to

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Diamonds in the rough: identification of individual napthenic acids in oil sands process water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Expansion of the oil sands industry of Canada has seen a concomitant increase in the amount of process water produced and stored in large lagoons known as tailings ponds. Concerns have been raised, particularly about the toxic complex mixtures of water-soluble naphthenic acids (NA) in the process water. To date, no individual NA have been identified, despite numerous attempts, and while the toxicity of broad classes of acids is of interest, toxicity is often structure-specific, so identification of individual acids may also be very important. The chromatographic resolution and mass spectral identification of some individual NA from oil sands process water is described. The authors concluded that the presence of tricyclic diamondoid acids, never before even considered as NA, suggests an unprecedented degree of biodegradation of some of the oil in the oil sands. The identifications reported should now be followed by quantitative studies, and these used to direct toxicity assays of relevant NA and the method used to identify further NA to establish which, or whether all NA, are toxic. The two-dimensional comprehensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method described may also be important for helping to better focus reclamation/remediation strategies for NA as well as in facilitating the identification of the sources of NA in contaminated surface waters (auth)

Rowland, Steven J.; Scarlett, Alan G.; Jones, David; West, Charles E. (Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth (United Kingdom)); Frank, Richard A. (Aquatic Ecosystems Protection Research Division-Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario (Canada)

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

167

Global Distribution of Ice Cloud Particle Shape and Roughness from PARASOL Satellite Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy balance of the Earth is regulated in part by ice clouds, which both reflect shortwave solar radiation and absorb infrared radiation from the Earth. These clouds appear frequently worldwide, with up to 70% coverage in tropical regions...

Cole, Benjamin

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

168

Numerical Simulation of Equilibrium Liquid Configurations On and Between Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch with many ceramics thannature and low thermal conductivity. 2 Ceramic applications

Bartlow, Christopher Clayton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

On the effect of surface roughness height, wettability, and nanoporosity on Leidenfrost phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent quenching heat transfer studies of nanofluids, it was found that deposition of nanoparticles on a surface raises its Leidenfrost point (LFP) considerably [ Kim et al., Int. J. Multiphase Flow 35, 427 (2009) and ...

Kim, Hyungdae

170

Surface Energy, Elasticity and the Homogenization of Rough P.Mohammadi1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution and subsequently different physical, mechanical and chemical properties. These differences temperature, electromagnetic properties among 1 Corresponding author: psharma@uh.edu 1 #12;others al., 2001; Hurley et al., 2001; Villain et al., 2002; Sun and Zhang, 2003; Workum and Pablo, 2003

Liu, Liping

171

Analysis, design, and control of an omnidirectional mobile robot in rough terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An omnidirectional mobile robot is able, kinematically, to move in any direction regardless of current pose. To date, nearly all designs and analyses of omnidirectional mobile robots have considered the case of motion on ...

Udengaard, Martin Richard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Annals of Glaciology 52(59) 2011 99 Modeling surface-roughness/solar-ablation feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, 2455 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 to small-scale surface channels and crevasses of the Greenland ice sheet L. Maclagan CATHLES,1 Dorian S. ABBOT,1 Jeremy N. BASSIS,2 Douglas R. MacAYEAL1 1 Department of Geophysical Sciences, University

Abbot, Dorian Schuyler

173

Friction factor for turbulent flow in rough pipes from Heisenberg's closure hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the main results of the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported in G. Gioia and P. Chakraborty (GC), Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (1996) can be recovered by assuming the Heisenberg closure hypothesis for the turbulent spectrum. This highlights the structural features of the turbulent spectrum underlying GC's analysis.

Esteban Calzetta

2009-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

174

Numerical Simulation of Equilibrium Liquid Configurations On and Between Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

32) O. Akselsen, "Diffusion Bonding of Ceramics", Journal ofcondition on diffusion bonding", Materials Transactions,interfacial contact during diffusion bonding", Metallurgical

Bartlow, Christopher Clayton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Lateral diffusion of receptor-ligand bonds in membrane adhesion zones: Effect of thermal membrane roughness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The adhesion of cells is mediated by membrane receptors that bind to complementary ligands in apposing cell membranes. It is generally assumed that the lateral diffusion of mobile receptor-ligand bonds in membrane-membrane adhesion zones is slower than the diffusion of unbound receptors and ligands. We find that this slowing down is not only caused by the larger size of the bound receptor-ligand complexes, but also by thermal fluctuations of the membrane shape. We model two adhering membranes as elastic sheets pinned together by receptor-ligand bonds and study the diffusion of the bonds using Monte Carlo simulations. In our model, the fluctuations reduce the bond diffusion constant in planar membranes by a factor close to 2 in the biologically relevant regime of small bond concentrations.

H. Krobath; G. J. Schuetz; R. Lipowsky; T. R. Weikl

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

The influence of interface roughness on electrical transport in nanoscale metallic multilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high- temperature synthesis,2,3 and in metallization for microelectronics.4,5 Materials with dimensions areas. These include corrosion and oxidation resistant coatings,1 preparation of materials by self-propagating- fusion can take place during deposition, under ambient con- ditions, and when high-temperature annealing

Holtz, Mark

177

A physical model of particulate wash-off from rough impervious surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; accepted 23 January 2006 Summary Current urban water quality models rely on empirical, catchment of particulate available. Current urban stormwater models such as SWMM and HSPF are still based on this original urban storm runoff pollution. There are few published explanations of physical wash- off mechanisms

Walter, M.Todd

178

Dilatant Flow of Concentrated Suspensions of Rough Particles Didier Lootens,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, despite its industrial importance [3]. Direct observation of concentrated colloidal suspensions under flow. Nevertheless, indirect information on the anisotropic orga- nization might be obtained by mechanical for the aniso- tropic structure formation. In this Letter, we use concentrated suspensions of silica particles

Weick, Guillaume - IPCMS

179

Effect of Roughness as Determined by Atomic Force Microscopy on the Wetting Properties of PTFE Thin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering College of Mines and Earth Sciences University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 and G. YAMAUCHI decreases the spreading of a non-wetting liquid on low energy solids (1­4). Similar work with high energy ratio (r a/A (da/dA) 1), a is the apparent contact angle, a is the actual area of surface

Drelich, Jaroslaw W.

180

The roughness of stylolites: Implications of 3D high resolution topography measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mountains in France (Fig. 1). The samples have been collected in newly open quarries, thus pre- served from

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

When D is reduced, the surface-to-volume ratio grows roughly as 1/D. Consequently,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solid state to the gas phase, an energy, W, of at least 36 kJ/mol (heat of melting plus heat-induced de- coupling of energy and density changes. This may explain many observations in confined). 19. J. Israelachvili, Intermolecular & Surface Forces (Ac- ademic Press, London, ed. 2, 1991). 20

Richmond, Geraldine L.

182

Surface Roughness and Effective Stick-Slip Motion I. V. Ponomarev and A. E. Meyerovich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by effective stick-slip boundary conditions on a Ã?at surface with two constants: the stick-slip length is in nanometer range. This slip length, though very small, is, nevertheless, extremely important for hydrodynamic Ã?ows in nano- and micro-channels, lubrication, etc. Modern experimental techniques, including

Meyerovich, Alex

183

ANALYSIS OF HIGH FIELD NON-LINEAR LOSSES ON SRF SURFACES DUE TO SPECIFIC TOPOGRAPHIC ROUGHNESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high-field performance of SRF cavities will eventually be limited by the realization of fundamental material limits, whether it is Hc1 or Hsh, or some derivative thereof, at which the superconductivity is lost. Before reaching this fundamental field limit at the macro level, it must be encountered at localized, perhaps microscopic, sites of field enhancement due to local topography. If such sites are small enough, they may produce thermally stabilized normal-conducting regions which contribute non-linear losses when viewed from the macro resonant field perspective, and thus produce degradation in Q0. We have undertaken a calculation of local surface magnetic field enhancement from specific fine topographic structure by conformal mapping method and numerically. A solution of the resulting normal conducting volume has been derived and the corresponding RF Ohmic loss simulated.

Chen Xu,Charles Reece,Michael Kelley

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Asperity-scale surface mechanics - Implications to adhesive contacts and microscale deformation behavior of rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microtribology for Microelectromechanical Systems,” Wear,forces in microelectromechanical systems: mechanisms,Analysis Microelectromechanical Systems,” ASME J. Tribol. ,

Xu, Huaming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Nanoscale Surface and Interface Mechanics of Elastic-Plastic Media with Smooth, Patterned, and Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fractal analysis microelectromechanical systems. J. Tribol.adhesion in microelectromechanical systems. Journal ofof sidewall adhesion in microelectromechanical systems. J.

Yin, Xi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Contact Mechanics Modeling of Homogeneous and Layered Elastic-Plastic Media: Surface Roughness and Adhesion Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adhesion in microelectromechanical systems. ASME J. Tribol.microtribology for microelectromechanical systems. Wear 200,forces in microelectromechanical systems: mechanisms,

Song, Zhichao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A study of acoustic wave scattering from randomly rough surfaces using numerical techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'ttenii'icj sel" fnce. II. Rece'iven enneJ in ol. erties. III. nels tiensbip bei. "nnn tbe n n, s" i- fields and tl', scattening senfece. V1 LI5! Ol I IBJI&55 Figure parce Ii)''ta I a'r)d cohilr':)n'L ini"Oils I;i -s fol I. i) k, 'lz as v i(w(Pi'I 'I I...!IL'cl'ls'Ity avcragr!I 0'/er th: (I I ci! r)entr'al I"i;cr. lv(. r I'0!'I ~ aiiil coll'!III'is ur))'a!(a I I'e(', I/ency i I a c. : t vil 0 d 0 I ) . 25 0e(JIPP. of cohcri)ncP. for 1. 5 kHZ as viewed Fl om rear 0 F arra!j' (faces model). 28 5. 0coree of cohcrerce...

Clark, Douglas Norman

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

rough ut Maximaization in Multi-channel I reless esh Access etworkcs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulation entities and hence non-cooperative. The long- term behavior and corresponding pertormance and Yuguang Fang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Florida Gainesville, Florida of wireless mesh access networks is addressed. For the case ot cooperative access points, we present

Latchman, Haniph A.

189

Using Contextually Closed Queries for Local Closed-World Reasoning in Rough Knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that arise unexpectedly and demand immediate #12;220 P. Doherty, J. Kachniarz, A. Szalas response with little room for deliberation as to what the best response should be. Deliberative capabilities are useful CCQs is co-NPTIME com- plete, but we isolate a number of important practical cases where polynomial

Doherty, Patrick

190

How surface roughness affects the angular dependence of the sputtering yield , A. Hassanein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for Materials under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West fractal ITMC code a b s t r a c t Comprehensive model is developed to study the impact of surface

Harilal, S. S.

191

Surface geosciences (Hydrologyhydrogeology) Fracture roughness and thermal exchange: A case study at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-affine. Une application au cas d'e´tude du re´servoir de ge´othermie profonde a` Soultz-sous-Fore^ts, France

Schmittbuhl, Jean

192

A framework of adaptive T-S type rough-fuzzy inference systems (ARFIS).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??[Truncated abstract] Fuzzy inference systems (FIS) are information processing systems using fuzzy logic mechanism to represent the human reasoning process and to make decisions based… (more)

Lee, Chang Su

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Rough Design of a Double-Stator Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed MCTs [2]. However, because of tides low speed and to avoid blades cavitation, the turbine Current Turbine Sofiane Djebarri1 , Jean Frédéric Charpentier1 , Franck Scuiller1 , Mohamed Benbouzid2 (DSAFPM) for a rim-driven Marine Current Turbine (MCT). The DSAFPM machine will be compared

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

Roughly 6-17% of college females have an eating disorder.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, irritable bowel syndrome and other nutrition-related issues

Weston, Ken

195

Roughness-induced Transient Growth: Continuous-spectrum Receptivity and Secondary Instability Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 C. Approach and Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 II TRANSIENT GROWTH THEORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 A. Linearized Equations and Continuous Spectrum . . . . . . 18 B. The Receptivity Problem... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 C. Far Wake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 D. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 VI CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 A. Does Path C Exist...

Denissen, Nicholas Allen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

196

Sept 2001 Rough Draft OFFM Policy Letter 02-1.doc | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage » SearchEnergyDepartment of Energy Moniz:Sensor Technologies for aSept 2001

197

Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metal/insulator Interfaces on Metal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutronEnvironmentZIRKLE FRUITYearEffect0/2002 Yun (Helen)Work Function. |

198

Microsoft PowerPoint - Wall_Roughness_proposal_talk.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject QuarterlyDepartmentConducting basicThis1 ! "

199

Data Mining in Business Intelligence Professor Hui Xiong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by One Very Rotten Apple Rogue Trader's $7.14 Billion Loss · Biggest Bank Fraud in History ­ 2008: Bank of fictitious transactions · China Aviation Oil (CAO), Chen Jiulin, led to a loss of $550 million Business) ­ Price manipulations (in or outgoing stars, potentially with losses) · Fraud Risk Propagation

200

22 OPTIMA JUNE 2005 OPTIMA JUNE 2005 23  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it closes entirely. One woman we meet in front of her mud hut has 15 orphaned grandchildren. Her small farm plot, a little more than an acre in all, would be too small to feed her family even if the rains had of the drought, she will get almost nothing. She reaches into her apron and pulls out a handful of semi- rotten

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The impact of new short season rice varieties on drying and storage of rough rice in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Values are shown below Coefficients) 28 6. The Comparison of Size D stribution of On-farm Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 39 7. The Comparison of Size Distribution of Commercial and Cooperative Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 42..., On-farm and Off-farm, Coast Prairie of Texas, 1955-65 40 5. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at State Level, 1955-65 47 6. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at Sector Level, 1955-65 51 7. Comparison of Highest...

Bhagia, Gobind Shewakram

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Importance of thermal effects and sea surface roughness for wind resource and wind shear at offshore sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at offshore sites Bernhard Lange*, Søren Larsen# , Jørgen Højstrup# , Rebecca Barthelmie# *ForWind - Centre of offshore wind power utilisation depends on the favourable wind conditions offshore as compared to sites for this flow. It's applicability for wind power prediction at offshore sites is investigated using data from

Heinemann, Detlev

203

In-flight Receptivity Experiments on a 30-degree Swept-wing using Micron-sized Discrete Roughness Elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laminar flow control strategy. Results of a 3-year flight test program focused on receptivity measurements and laminar flow control on a 30-degree swept-wing are presented. A swept-wing test article was mounted on the port wing of a Cessna O-2A aircraft...

Carpenter, Andrew L.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

204

When Smoothening Makes It Rough: Unhindered Step-Edge Diffusion and the Meandering Instability on Metal Surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The precise microscopic origin of step meandering is not known in many real situations. A detailed study of this instability has been made for copper, and none of the microscopic mechanisms proposed until now is able to describe all of the observed characteristic features of the instability, in particular, its dependence on the crystallographic orientations of steps. We propose a novel scenario, and using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations we show that essentially all features of step meandering of copper can be explained, if atoms diffuse along step edges and freely turn around the kinks they encounter along the ledge. Then, in a rather counterintuitive way, step meandering appears due to the very mechanism -step-edge diffusion - that may be expected to oppose it.

Nita, F. [LASMEA, UMR 6602 CNRS, Universite Blaise Pascal-Clermont 2, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France); Institute of Physical Chemistry 'IG Murgulescu' of Romanian Academy, Splaiul Independentei 202, Bucharest (Romania); Pimpinelli, A. [LASMEA, UMR 6602 CNRS, Universite Blaise Pascal-Clermont 2, F-63177 Aubiere Cedex (France)

2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

205

Influence of milling strategy on the surface roughness in ball end milling of the aluminum alloy Al7075-T6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technologies, 42031 Konya, Turkey a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 18 November 2011 Received

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

206

Relationships between deformation and microstructure evolution and minimizing surface roughness after BCP processing in RRR Nb cavitites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two strategies for improving the surface finish of niobium sheet used in superconducting radio frequency cavities were examined, using slices of single (or large-grain) material from an ingot, and equal channel angle extrusion (ECAE) preprocessing of ingot material to achieve a uniform and small grain size prior to subsequent rolling. The effect of these two processing paths on final microstructure, texture, and surface finish are discussed.

T.R. Bieler; D. Baars; K.T. Hartwig; C. Compton; T.L. Grimm

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

207

DownloadedBy:[UniversityofStuttgart]At:09:1125July2008 Simulation of fluid flow in hydrophobic rough microchannels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

condition was successfully applied in engineering applications. Nevertheless, Navier (1823) introduced

Harting, Jens

208

Experimental investigation of effects of surface roughness, wettability and boiling-time on steady state and transient CHF for nanofluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Critical Heat Flux (CHF) is one of the primary design constraints in a nuclear reactor. Increasing the CHF of water can enhance the safety margins of the current fleet of Light Water Reactors (LWRs) and/or increase their ...

Sharma, Vivek Inder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Environmental assessment for transuranic waste work-off plan, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Rough draft: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) generates transuranic (TRU) waste in a variety of programs related to national defense. TRU waste is a specific class of radioactive waste requiring permanent isolation. Most defense-related TRU waste will be permanently disposed of in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). WIPP is a deep geologic repository located in southeastern New Mexico and is now in the testing phase of development. All waste received by Wipp must conform with established Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC). The purpose of the proposed action is to retrieve stored TRU waste and prepare the waste for shipment to and disposal WIPP. Stored TRU waste LANL is represented by four waste forms. The facilities necessary for work-off activities are tailored to the treatment and preparation of these four waste forms. Preparation activities for newly generated TRU waste are also covered by this action.

Not Available

1990-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

210

Roles of ionic strength and biofilm roughness on adhesion kinetics of Escherichia coli onto groundwater biofilm grown on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

groundwater biofilm grown on PVC surfaces Dao Janjaroen a , Fangqiong Ling a , Guillermo Monroy b , Nicolas Pathogens a b s t r a c t Mechanisms of Escherichia coli attachment on biofilms grown on PVC coupons were. coli on clean PVC surfaces and biofilms grown on PVC surfaces for different ages. Two mechanisms of E

Boppart, Stephen

211

Thermal annealing in hydrogen for 3-D profile transformation on silicon-on-insulator and sidewall roughness reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How- JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO.JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2,JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 2,

Lee, MCM; Wu, Ming C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Wavy and rough cracks in silicon Robert D. Deegan, Shilpa Chheda, Lisa Patel, M. Marder, and Harry L. Swinney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and microfluidic devices from silicon is a case in point: the drive to miniaturization is on a collision course

Texas at Austin. University of

213

Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, Moscow, Russia, August 1821, 2009 213 Separating Dielectric and Conductor Loss for Rough Striplines in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, Moscow, Russia, August 18­21, 2009 213, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia Abstract-- Knowledge on dielectric constant and loss tangent

Koledintseva, Marina Y.

214

Interface roughness evolution in sputtered WSi2/Si multilayers Yi-Ping Wang, Hua Zhou, Lan Zhou, and Randall L. Headricka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Randall L. Headricka Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 Albert T

Headrick, Randall L.

215

Finding Computed Diamonds in a Virtual Rough: Screening and Evaluation of Conformations and Energetics from Drug Discovery to Computational Enzyme Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a) the EDGEScore distribution for design 1; b) the EDGEScorec) the EDGEScore distribution for design 2; d) the EDGEScorea) the EDGEScore distribution for design 1; b) the EDGEScore

Johnson, Scott Arne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Surfactant Aggregates at Rough Solid-Liquid Interfaces Hannes C. Schniepp, Ho C. Shum, Dudley A. Saville, and Ilhan A. Aksay*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of surfactants at interfaces is important for many technical applications and industrial processes. The best approach so far to obtain detailed morphological information on surface aggregates-37,42-45 and mica.36,40,42 Amorphous silica that forms as a native oxide on highly smooth silicon has been the third

Aksay, Ilhan A.

217

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 50MT of plutonium using new faciliites at the Savannah River site: alternative 12A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 50 metric tons of plutonium using ceramic in a new facility at Savannah River Site (SRS).

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Mathematical publications and prepublications by Anders Kock, as of Feb. 2010. The list is roughly chronological (according to creation, rather than  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Bertrand Russell Memorial Logic Conference, Uldum (DK), August 1971. [15] ­ Bilinearity and Cartesian). Topos-theoretic factorization of non- standard extensions. In Victoria Symposium on Nonstandard Analysis (Univ. Victoria, Victoria, B.C., 1972), pages 122­143. Lecture Notes in Math., Vol. 369. Springer

Kock, Anders

219

The determination of the Reynolds shear stress distribution in the transition region resulting from a sudden increase in wall roughness in a two-dimensional channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distributions, :Jacobs calculated shear stress distributions using the Prandtl mixing length equation and assuming a parabolic mixing length distribution. Jacobs developed a single equation to fit the shear stress distributions he had calculated.... with the findings of this report. It is felt that the wide discrepancies between the shear stresses reported by Jacobs and those measured in this investigation can be attributed to Jacobs' somewhat arbitrary assumption of a parabolic mixing length distribution...

Heilhecker, Joe Keith

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Rough In 13 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 3 14 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 2 15 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 1 16 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Basement 17 Siemens Rough-In Corridor Sub Basement 18 Siemens Rough-In Riser lvl Sub Bsmnt-lvl 3 20 Siemens Demo & Rough

Calgary, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughly 5% of global primary energy consumption annually.for  roughly  5%  of  global  primary  energy  consumption 

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Many qualitative properties of the product and the process are of interest during semiconduc-tor manufacturing. One of the typical examples is the sidewall surface roughness of an etched pol-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will show how categorical models can be used to tune a process, and later to control it via SPC charts

California at Berkeley, University of

223

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 18.2 MT of plutonium using existing facilities at the Savannah River site: alternatives 3A/5A/6A/6B/7A/9A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 18.2 metric tons (nominal) of plutonium using ceramic in a new facility at Savannah River Site (SRS).

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A study of the turbulent intensities and correlation coefficients in the incompressible flow of air in transition from a smooth to a rough wall in a two-dimensional channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

length equation and assuming a parabolic mixing length distribution. *Numbers in parentheses refer to the references at the end of this thesis. Velocity profiles generally similar to those of Jacobs were obtained by Clauser (5) as he studied... be seen in Figure 4, the calculated values of Rulvl were easily fitted to curves. No difficulty was encountered in measuring Ru v at x=-0. 75, and the curve is seen tobe of a smooth parabolic shape. h At the first station, x ~ 0. 75, the curve...

Carper, Herbert Jackson

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

LRB Steven Shapin: Rough Trade http://www.lrb.co.uk/v25/n05/print/shap01_.html 1 of 12 2/4/2008 11:32 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a provisional patent and, after formally offering it to any government agency that funded the research ­ which wish, but eventually you may proceed to a full (or utility) patent, where property rights are wrapped up more securely, and, while IP lawyers make fortunes from litigation about who in fact owns

Shapin, Steven

226

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Install Sheet Metal A202Z 12 A211W Demo & Rough In 13 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 3 14 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 2 15 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 1 16 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Basement 17 Siemens Rough-In Corridor Sub Basement 18 Siemens Rough-In Riser lvl

Calgary, University of

227

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sheet Metal A11,11c,13,129,131,103,101a 10 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 3 11 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 2 12 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 1 13 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Basement 14 Siemens Rough-In Sub Basement 15 Siemens Rough-In Riser lvl Sub Bsmnt-lvl 3 16 Electrical Rough

Calgary, University of

228

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A211W Demo & Rough In 13 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 1 15 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Basement 16 Siemens Rough-In Corridor Sub Basement 17 Siemens Rough-In Riser lvl Sub Bsmnt-lvl 3 18 MCC #7 Metal Basement 44 Siemens Rough in & Wire Pull Corridor lvl 1 45 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor

Calgary, University of

229

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-insulate elbows Basement 12 West Glass Re-insulate elbows Sub Bsmnt 13 Siemens Rough-In Corridor lvl 2 14 Siemens Rough-In Corridor lvl 1 15 Siemens Rough-In Basement 16 Siemens Rough-In Sub Basement 17 Siemens Rough sheet metal in corridors 21 Prep for MCC & VFD 22 Siemens Demo & Rough-In A01V 23 Install MCC & VFD 24

Calgary, University of

230

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-insulate elbows lvl 2 West Glass Re-insulate elbows lvl 1 Siemens Rough-In Corridor lvl 3 Siemens Rough-In Corridor lvl 2 Siemens Rough-In Corridor lvl 1 Siemens Rough-In Riser B104V West Glass Re-insulate elbows Investigation of sheet metal cooridor & W/C W/C & Corridor rough-in shet metal lvl 1-3 Siemens Rough-In Corridor

Calgary, University of

231

alcoholic fermentation media: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Rough Media Mathematics Websites Summary: Concentration of Eigenfunctions in Rough Media Hart F. Smith Department of Mathematics University of Washington, Seattle UC Irvine...

232

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capacity), with 17% of all potential wind energy generationthat roughly 17% of potential wind energy generation withinexample, roughly 1% of potential wind energy output in 2009

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Who farted? Hydrogen sulphide transport from Bardarbunga to Scandinavia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On September 9 2014 several incidences of foul smell (rotten eggs) were reported on the coast of Norway (in particular in the vicinity of Molde) and then on September 10 in the interior parts of county V\\"asterbotten, Sweden. One of the theories that were put forward was that the foul smell was due to degassing of the Bardarbunga volcano on Iceland. Using satellite images (GOME-1,-2) of the sulphur dioxide, SO_2, contents in the atmosphere surrounding Iceland to estimate flux of SO_2 from the volcano and an atmospheric transport model, PELLO, we vindicate this theory: we argue that the cause for the foul smell was hydrogen sulphide originating from Bardarbunga. The model concentrations are also compared to SO_2 concentration measurements from Muonio, Finland.

Grahn, Håkan; Brännström, Niklas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Manuscript prepared for Atmos. Chem. Phys. with version 3.0 of the LATEX class copernicus.cls.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

landfill gas. Therefore, we would expect the estimates made using the waste statistics to be roughly

Meskhidze, Nicholas

235

University of Calgary -Schulich School of Engineering Project 3 -Week Lookahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ Drywall 8 Siemens Commissioning Bsmnt-lvl 3 9 Siemens Rough-In Corridor Sub Basement 10 Siemens Rough-In Riser lvl Sub Bsmnt-lvl 3 11 Siemens Rough-in A107 & A103 12 Spectra Fans Change out parts on AHU's 13 lvl 2 25 Siemens Rough-In & Wire Pull Corridor basement 26 Siemens Rough-In Corridor Sub-Basement 27

Calgary, University of

236

Time-Varying BRDFs Bo Sun, Student Member, IEEE Computer Society, Kalyan Sunkavalli,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, spray, and oil), the drying of wet rough surfaces (cement, plaster, and fabrics), the accumulation of paints (watercolor, spray, and oil), drying of wet rough surfaces (fabrics, plaster, and cement

Yang, Junfeng

237

Design of robotic quadruped legs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prized for their performance on prepared surfaces, wheeled vehicles are often limited in mobility by rough and unstructured terrain. Conversely, systems that rely on legs have shown promising rough terrain performance but ...

McKenzie, Jacob Elijah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

New Ultra-High Speed Network Connection for Researchers and Educators...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

some areas, consumers on a more expensive service plan might get roughly .05 gbps. A 4G cell phone is in roughly the same ballpark of about .01 gbps. The new 100 gbps network...

239

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Why does friction increase with roughness to a point and then start to decrease with increasing roughness? Dear SirMadam, Please can you help me to explain an experiment result....

240

International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 16, No. 8 (2002) 12171223 c World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Turkey Received 21 May 2001 The roughness exponent of surfaces obtained by dispersing silica spheres to various industrial processes such as the growth of films by deposition.1,2 Rough surfaces formed

Kurnaz, Levent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On the asymptotic state of high Reynolds number, smooth-wall turbulent D. I. Pullin, M. Inoue, and N. Saito  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Classic pipe-flow experiments begin with Osborne Reynolds and continue with the rough-wall pipe a geometric or equivalent sand-roughness scale. Presently we do not consider this issue but instead focus

Adolphs, Ralph

242

10 Condut Fall | Winter 2008 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Romanian proverb, Dupa razboi multi viteji se-arata, roughly translated as "After the war, many heroes show

Istrail, Sorin

243

SUPER MIRROR FABRICATION VIA ELECTROFORMING M. P. Ulmer a , R. Altkorn b , A. Krieger c , D. Parsignault c ,Y.W. Chung d , M. S. Wong b , B. Lai e ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These were coated with about 5 mils of electroless nickel and initially polished to sub 1 nm roughness

Ulmer, Melville P.

244

Facilities Services Update July 1 Sept 30, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Those guys endured some pretty rough conditions and heavy lifting. By this time next week, that basement the TV

Haller, Merrick

245

Formation of Porous Layers by Electrochemical Etching of Germanium and Gallium Arsenide for Cleave Engineered Layer Transfer (CELT) Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

film photovoltaics [1]. This roughly doubling of efficiencyMJ photovoltaics. MJ solar cells achieve higher efficiencies

Fong, David Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

S I M O N F R A S E R U N I V E R S I T Y MANAGED PRINT SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Services at SFU SFU currently has a fleet of roughly 250 Multi Function Devices under a service contract

247

JCRM All rights reserved. Volume 4, Number 2, November 2009, pp 79-85  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cream obtained from Texas Quarries, Inc. The cubic samples were belt-sanded to remove surface roughness

Pyrak-Nolte, Laura J.

248

Molasses for Fattening Cattle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Molasses for Fattening Cattle 2. Rough Rice as a Steer Feed 3. Profit from Different Systems of Feeding Cattle...

Craig, John A. (John Alexander); Marshall, F. R. (Frederick Rupert)

1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Thermal stability of a Ti-Si-N diffusion barrier in contact with a Ti adhesion layer for Au metallization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a surface roughness of less than 20 nm obtained from The Carborundum Company were used as substrates

Shalish, Ilan

250

NAME_______________________ (1) Stunt driver Fearless Freida is performing a loop-the-loop in her frictionless coaster car. She  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) A toy cart is propelled on an ice rink by a spring. Initially, the cart is stationary, and the spring a rough patch of ice, with coefficient of friction µ = 0.15 between the cart and the ice. The cart has the spring, but before hitting the rough ice. (b) Find the frictional force of the cart on the rough ice. (c

Ross, Joseph

251

Fractal Function Estimation via Wavelet Shrinkage Yazhen Wang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal Function Estimation via Wavelet Shrinkage Yazhen Wang University of Missouri studies objects are often very rough. Mathematically these rough objects are modeled by fractal functions, and fractal dimension is usually used to measure their roughness. The present paper investigates fractal

Wang, Yazhen

252

III. Vacuum PumpsIII. Vacuum Pumps Gas transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

III. Vacuum PumpsIII. Vacuum Pumps Mechanism Gas transfer Gas capture FunctionFunction Roughing (backing, mechanical pumps) Rotary vane Sorption Rotary lobe Scroll ScrewSorption, Rotary lobe, Scroll Phy250-1, 2011, NanoFab16 #12;IIIIII--A. Roughing: Rotary Vane PumpA. Roughing: Rotary Vane Pump (Gas

Liu, Kai

253

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2000 100 Azimuth Variation in Microwave Scatterometer and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce roughness on various scales. Roughness ranges from broad, basin scale ice-sheet topography the Antarctic ice sheet wind-generated roughness and snowlaying combine to produce an anisotropic response, ice sheet and bedrock topography and the snow deposition, drift, and erosional environment combine

Long, David G.

254

Sustaining dry surfaces under water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rough surfaces immersed under water remain practically dry if the liquid-solid contact is on roughness peaks, while the roughness valleys are filled with gas. Mechanisms that prevent water from invading the valleys are well studied. However, to remain practically dry under water, additional mechanisms need consideration. This is because trapped gas (e.g. air) in the roughness valleys can dissolve into the water pool, leading to invasion. Additionally, water vapor can also occupy the roughness valleys of immersed surfaces. If water vapor condenses, that too leads to invasion. These effects have not been investigated, and are critically important to maintain surfaces dry under water. In this work, we identify the critical roughness scale below which it is possible to sustain the vapor phase of water and/or trapped gases in roughness valleys - thus keeping the immersed surface dry. Theoretical predictions are consistent with molecular dynamics simulations and experiments.

Paul R. Jones; Xiuqing Hao; Eduardo R. Cruz-Chu; Konrad Rykaczewski; Krishanu Nandy; Thomas M. Schutzius; Kripa K. Varanasi; Constantine M. Megaridis; Jens H. Walther; Petros Koumoutsakos; Horacio D. Espinosa; Neelesh A. Patankar

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

255

Reservoir Outflow (RESOUT) Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPENDIX D: LISTING OF COMPUTER PROGRAM. - 98 116 148 161 VITA 194 V111 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. General Types of Dams Figure 2. Types of Spillway Crest Gates Figure 3. Types of Weirs Figure 4. Types of Orifices Figure 5. Flow over an Ogee... LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Submergence Coefficients Table 2. Manning Roughness Coefficient Range Table 3. Observed Values of Manning Roughness Coefficient Table 4. Conduit Roughness Coefficient Table 5. Entrance Loss Coefficient Table 6. Subroutines...

Purvis, Stuart Travis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

256

ENERGY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE COAL-ELECTRIC CYCLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature survey of capital cost estimates over roughly thecost. Also, some capital cost estimates may include directsavings (49,64). Capital cost estimates for the case without

Ferrell, G.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Experience curves for power plant emission control technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detail. But unlike capital cost estimates, which can be (andcapital cost. The data in Figure 4 are used later to provide a rough estimate

Rubin, Edward S.; Yeh, Sonia; Hounshell, David A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a little rough weather But in the Northwest, with its wealth of renewable water and wind power, nature occasionally provides too much fuel. The Bonneville Power Administration has...

259

Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Plans in the Western United States and Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinating Council (WECC) (2005). Hourly Demands 1998-Coordinating Council (WECC, 2005). 3 To compare utilities’one to three years. The WECC control area roughly includes

Hopper, Nichole

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular pertussis-containing pentavalent...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. parapertussis. These data suggest that the O antigen is a critical... of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular pertussis component Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pertussis component diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis... of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular pertussis-containing quadrivalent...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. parapertussis. These data suggest that the O antigen is a critical... of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular blood products Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B. parapertussis. These data suggest that the O antigen is a critical... of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

264

antarctic resupply voyages: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Voyager 2 (V2) entered the heliosheath in 2007 August at roughly the same time solar minimum conditions were reaching the outer heliosphere. Soon after crossing the...

265

Recessed LED Downlights  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of 2007, DOE estimated that there were roughly 800 million downlights installed in residential and commercial buildings, noting that in both settings, relatively inefficient...

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc evaporation process Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IL exposures directional plasma etch Slow, rough surfaceNo chemical process Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Space Nanotechnology Laboratory Collection:...

267

Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Scientific and Technical Review for Near-Term Stationary Power Demonstration Projects, Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Generation by OTEC Electrolysis, and Economicalocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems, where “plantcommonly held view was that OTEC would be roughly twice as

Lipman, Tim; Shah, Nihar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

6.042J / 18.062J Mathematics for Computer Science (SMA 5512), Fall 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is an introductory course in Discrete Mathematics oriented toward Computer Science and Engineering. The course divides roughly into thirds: Fundamental concepts of Mathematics: definitions, proofs, sets, functions, ...

Nagpal, Radhika

269

Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is inefficient compared to compressor cooling. Roughly sevenof 5 is assumed for compressor cooling. The recovered heatinefficient compared to compressor cooling, its attractive

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optimal Design of Electrical Machines: Mathematical Programming ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global heating up of the winding is rather roughly modeled by Ech (function of current electric ...... Electric Machines and Power Systems, pages. 71–92, 1992.

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

271

Perspectives from the Board's Technical Staff  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

River Site Y-12 Site Los Alamos Site Source: http:landcover.usgs.govnatllandcover.php 7 Adjusting Dispersion Coefficients due to Surface Roughness * DOE Guidance - Surface...

272

X-ray Flares in Gamma-Ray Bursts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Data from the Swift mission have now shown that flares are a common component of Gamma-Ray Burst afterglows, appearing in roughly 50% of GRBs to… (more)

Morris, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsget-current-switch-clean-energy-activity-book Download How Big Is Your Footprint? An ecological footprint is a way to roughly...

274

Recap and Conclusions to Tc/I in Hanford Flowsheet Presentations  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Recap & Conclusions to TcI in Hanford Flowsheet Presentations Gary Smith Office of Waste Processing (EM-31) November 18, 2010 2 Rough Flowsheet Diagram Tank Farm Evaporator...

275

unconstrained by physical proximity, and in which the number of contacts per node are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quickly9 . Very roughly, then, one could view models of biological epidemics as rooted in spatial net- works, and expanding into less spatial realms tomodelthetechnologiesthathaveaccelerated human travel

Ford, James

276

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive audio streaming Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Satoshi Tamura, Koji Iwano and Sadaoki Furui Summary: adaptation, roughly 60% relative error reduction is obtained over the audio-only scheme using a small amount... for visual...

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag cu eu Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface roughness of the Cu80Ag15Au5 layers was ... Source: Wadley, Haydn - Intelligent Processing of Materials Laboratory & Department of Materials Science and Engineering,...

278

augmentation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and evaluation of the numerous techniques which have been shown to augment convective heat transfer. These techniques are: surface promoters, including roughness and treatment;...

279

augments radiation-induced growth: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and evaluation of the numerous techniques which have been shown to augment convective heat transfer. These techniques are: surface promoters, including roughness and treatment;...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas computers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

generally through Open Science Grid. We have deployed a high performance computing facility (the ATLAS... ATLAS provides roughly 30% of the overall computing ... Source:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Subpixel burn detection in Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer 500-m data with ARTMAP neural networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as surface albedo, evapotranspiration, surface roughness) and atmospheric composition (emission of trace in operational production including Global Fire Atlas from European Space Agency (ESA) Along Track Scanning

Myneni, Ranga B.

282

Combined Heat and Power for Saving Energy and Carbon in Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

single largest cost for the fuel cell stack) and likely tocost. The stack is roughly 1/3 of the total PEM fuel cell

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - antifungal activity evaluation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

used. The antifungal... AccessResearch article Candidaemia and antifungal therapy in a French University Hospital: rough trends... the management of at risk patients as well as...

284

Searchlight Wind Energy Project FEIS Appendix E  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

atmospheric conditions in the distance Forest, true, and olive greens with various hues White, tan, metallic, reds, yellows, and browns TEX- TURE Rough to smooth Medium, scattered,...

285

adhesive system self-etching: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the adhesive contact between elastic solids with randomly rough, self affine fractal surfaces. We present molecular dynamics (MD) simulation results for the interfacial stress...

286

Sensible Air to Air Heat Recovery Strategies in a Passive House.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Due to rising energy costs and concerns about global climate change, high performance buildings are more in demand than ever before. With roughly 20%… (more)

Rodriguez-Anderson, Santiago Martin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Third-Party Finance for Commercial Photovoltaic Systems: The Rise of the PPA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

entrenched. Second, the California Solar Initiative (CSI)rates for commercial solar in California came to roughly $within the context of California’s solar market. California

Bolinger, Mark A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing solar reflective Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Market Studies Collection: Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants 3 SIMULATION OF LIGHT IN-COUPLING AT OBLIQUE ANGLES IN THIN-FILM SILICON SOLAR CELLS Summary: roughness in...

289

Nanotechnology in Cancer Treatment and Detection Richard Acosta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in Cancer Treatment and Detection Richard Acosta #12;Motivation ·Ineffectiveness or roughly 100 times smaller than most human cells Cancer Nanotechnology research is interdisciplinary

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

290

federal energy management prog | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in saving energy. Thanks in part to the technical assistance provided by FEMP, the energy intensity of Federal facilities has decreased by roughly 45% since 1975. FEMP also...

291

Microsoft Word - Workers Demolishing Last Inactive Facility at...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

structure contaminated with asbestos and a low-level radioactive chemical compound called uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ). With an original footprint of almost five acres - roughly...

292

E-Print Network 3.0 - albino visual cortex Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 34 Perirhinal and Postrhinal Cortices of the Rat: Interconnectivity and Summary: cortex receives roughly 4% of its cortical input from visual...

293

E-Print Network 3.0 - air furnace design Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IN MUNICIPAL INCINERATOR Summary: cal to good furnace performance and to mainten ance of air pollution control. Early in 1967 the writer... of the grate roughly equivalent to...

294

E-Print Network 3.0 - apparent wall slip Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Collection: Engineering 3 Effect of surface roughness on rate-dependent slip in simple fluids Nikolai...

295

Current Rusume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Interest Rough paths theory, Stochastic differential equations, ... I am currently working on a problem about stochastic analysis on Riemannian folia-.

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

296

--No Title--  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant spanned roughly 65,000 square feet and operated several decades ago to convert depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF 6 ) into uranium metal and uranium tetrafluoride (UF 4...

297

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

could save roughly 50% of the energy consumed per port (ports consume much of network equipment energy), or 12% ofthrough the port. The recent development of energy efficient

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

CX-001860: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

current permitted facility covers approximately 350 acres: the existing LGCCS provides methane recovery over roughly 116 acres and the expansion project would extend the coverage...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced fracturing technology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Process. 25, 614622 (2011) Summary: in fractured geological media: a review. Advances in Water Resources 25: 861-884. Brown SR. 1987. Fluid flow... of roughness and Reynolds...

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - arruda malvaceae extrafloral Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

89 ANTS AND PLANTS WITH EXTRAFLORAL NECTARIES... of taxa with extrafloral nectaries in coppice samples, but roughly equivalent cover of plants... with extrafloral nectaries in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Group History: Condensed Matter and Magnetic Science, MPA-CMMS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fuel and producing a thermonuclear yield of roughly 10 megatons of TNT. (See Figure 2.) thermonuclear fusion Figure 2. Mike, the first large-scale experiment with thermonuclear...

302

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY GENERAL ELECTRIC GLOBAL...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

wastewater th rough anaerobic digestion andor aerobic bioprocess, to recover biogas and treated effl uent water. The developed monitoring and control technology will...

303

american merchant marine: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Bjrn Birnir Terence R. Smith + Lambda George E. Merchant roughness coefficient of 0:75 and is analogous to an...

304

Correlation Model for 3D Texture Kristin J. Dana and Shree K. Nayar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

angle v is 33.75 , 56.25 and 78.75 . These images were obtained from a rough plaster sample. These views were generated by warping the frontal view of the same plaster surface. This contrived 2D texture has the same appearance in the frontal view as the rough plaster sample. fects that depend

Nayar, Shree K.

305

40th Fluid Dynamics Conference and Exhibit, 28 Jun -1 Jul 2010, Chicago, Illinois Transition of hypersonic flow past flat plate with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hypersonic flow past flat plate with roughness elements Prahladh S Iyer , Suman Muppidi and Krishnan Mahesh and Astronautics #12;I. Introduction Studying laminar-turbulent transition in supersonic and hypersonic boundary-turbulent transition.2 Schneider3 gives a comprehensive review of the effects of roughness on hypersonic boundary layer

Mahesh, Krishnan

306

Displacement Hull Catamaran July 26, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hull catamaran, comparing the vessels accelerations in calm water to those in rough water. While the accelerations in rough water were greater than those in calm water, they were not as significant as a planing catamaran in heavy sea conditions. #12;4 Table of Contents Letter of Transmittal

Wood, Stephen L.

307

March 2004 1 Two-scale homogenization of a hydrodynamic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

clearance is very small, typically ¡� � ½¼ ¿ for oil lubricated bearings. The smallness of this ratio allows roughness effects in lubrication, the most popular perhaps being the flow factor method (see [35, 36, 41-Adams problem with highly oscillating roughness effects. 0 Statement of the problem Cylindrical thin film

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

308

Liquid-Gas Relative Permeabilities in Fractures: Effects of Flow Structures, Phase Transformation and Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of geothermal, gas- condensate, and steam injection reservoirs. From this work, the main conclusions are: (1 which reflect the interactions among fluids and the rough fracture surface; (2) the steam-water flow Transformation and Surface Roughness Chih-Ying Chen June 2005 Financial support was provided through the Stanford

Stanford University

309

Ting-Yu Lin e-mail: rittonylin@gmail.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the roughness structures ranged from 18 lm to 96 lm, and the pitch was varied from 250 lm to 400 lm lm, roughness height of 96 lm and a constricted hydraulic diameter of 690 lm, a maximum heat transfer, the diameter was measured as 84.7 lm, and the resulting friction factor was significantly higher than

Kandlikar, Satish

310

This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology] On: 15 April 2014, At: 13:34  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diameter. The tubes were made by electrodepositing nickel on an aluminum sacrificial substrate. The desired roughness structures were machined or etched on the substrate before depositing nickel to generate a replica of the aluminum substrate on the internal surface of the nickel tubes. Four different surface roughness features

Kandlikar, Satish

311

MS17AM LEAK CHECKER The MS17AM is a manual valve version of the MS17AB. Since it is a manual unit, some care must be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A gurgling sound will be heard, caused by the high pressure air being exhausted from the pump. 5 minutes (time needed for diffusion pump to heat up), turn on the ELECTRONICS switch. Turning from a total shut down. a. Position of Valves and Control Switches Rough Pump.......Off Rough Valve

Massey, Thomas N.

312

Urbanization: an overview1 Andr de Palma23  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the industrial revolution, the production process and the modes of transportation stay roughly the same over time as workshops" (Sjoberg, 1960). After the industrial revolution, plants and new modes of transportation changed on the historical context. We can roughly distinguish 2 types of cities, the pre-industrial cities and the post-industrial

Boyer, Edmond

313

JOURNAL OF THERMOPHYSICS AND HEAT TRANSFER Vol. 18, No. 2, AprilJune 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resistance of Nonconforming Rough Surfaces, Part 1: Contact Mechanics Model M. Bahrami, J. R. Culham, M. M's modulus, GPa E = equivalent elastic modulus, GPa F = external force, N F = relative force error fi contact resistance and many tribological phenomena. The contact of two spherical rough surfaces includes

Bahrami, Majid

314

Rotation estimation for a satellite from Sun sensors Lionel Magnis Nicolas Petit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the angle of incidence of solar radiation, the output signal of a Sun sensor is, roughly speaking, a cosine attitude deter- mination [2], the data produced with these techniques have to be consolidated using another , photocells 3 and 4 lie in the shadow of the satellite. The output currents of photocells 1 and 2 are roughly

315

Wetting on nanorough surfaces T. Biben and L. Joly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

no-slip boundary conditions (BC) for the liquid at the walls, and recent experiments have shown, one can imagine that a thin layer of gas (air or vapor) at the surface could produce a lubricating are extremely rough: roughness is indeed a key ingredient in superhydrophobicity, since it favors the trapping

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

2.3 / S.-J. Lee 26 IDRC 03  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this method is its ability to model bulk absorption events, thin film coatings, and rough surfaces while silica aerogel layer [8]. Several models have also been proposed for modeling organic light advantage of this method is its ability to model bulk absorption events, thin film coatings, and rough

Kanicki, Jerzy

317

Sminaire -Groupe OSUG Neige 21 mai 2010, 14 :00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Greenland ice sheet. The calibrated data model was then used to produce a roughness mosaic of the entire of the Greenland ice sheet is controlled by ice dynamics and surface-atmosphere interactions and has been used of surface roughness over the Greenland ice sheet. Data from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR

Ribes, Aurélien

318

2009,21(6):820-825 DOI: 10.1016/S1001-6058(08)60218-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR GROUNDWATER FLOW IN A SINGLE ROUGH FRACTURE* CHEN Zhou, QIAN Jia-zhong School of Resources and Environmental Groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rock is of great interest in nuclear waste disposal the effect of surface roughness on friction and pressure drop by Nikuradse[8] laid the foundation

Zhan, Hongbin

319

Different Approach to the Aluminium Oxide Topography Characterisation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Different surface topographic techniques are being widely used for quantitative measurements of typical industrial aluminium oxide surfaces. In this research, specific surface of aluminium oxide layer on the offset printing plate has been investigated by using measuring methods which have previously not been used for characterisation of such surfaces. By using two contact instruments and non-contact laser profilometer (LPM) 2D and 3D roughness parameters have been defined. SEM micrographs of the samples were made. Results have shown that aluminium oxide surfaces with the same average roughness value (Ra) and mean roughness depth (Rz) typically used in the printing plate surface characterisation, have dramatically different surface topographies. According to the type of instrument specific roughness parameters should be used for defining the printing plate surfaces. New surface roughness parameters were defined in order to insure detailed characterisation of the printing plates in graphic reproduction process.

Poljacek, Sanja Mahovic; Gojo, Miroslav [Faculty of Graphic Arts, University of Zagreb, Getaldiceva 2, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Raos, Pero; Stoic, Antun [Mechanical Engineering Faculty, J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Trg Ivane Brlic Mazuranic 2, 35000 Slavonski Brod (Croatia)

2007-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

320

A comparison of several surface finish measurement methods as applied to ground ceramic and metal surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface finish is one of the most common measures of surface quality of ground ceramics and metal parts and a wide variety of methods and parameters have been developed to measure it. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the surface roughness parameters obtained on the same two specimens from three different types of measuring instruments: a traditional mechanical stylus system, a non-contact laser scanning system, and the atomic force microscope (two different AFM systems were compared). The same surface-ground silicon nitride and Inconel 625 alloy specimens were used for all measurements in this investigation. Significant differences in arithmetic average roughness, root-mean-square roughness, and peak-to-valley roughness were obtained when comparing data from the various topography measuring instruments. Non-contact methods agreed better with the others on the metal specimen than on the ceramic specimen. Reasons for these differences include the effective dimensions and geometry of the probe with respect to the surface topography; the reflectivity of the surface, and the type of filtering scheme Results of this investigation emphasize the importance of rigorously specifying the manner of surface roughness measurement when either reporting roughness data or when requesting that roughness data be provided.

Blau, P.J.; Martin, R.L.; Riester, L.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Effect of surface morphology on the friction of Electrogalvanized sheet steel in forming processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect in the drawbead simulator test were evaluated for a set of commercially coated steels and a set of laboratory coated steels with underlying surfaces produced by laser textured, shot blast, and electro-discharge textured rolls. In general, surfaces with higher roughness (R{sub a} parameter) measured lower friction in the DBS tests. The requisite roughness amplitude necessary for low friction was moderated somewhat by having a more closely spaced roughness as described by the median wavelength, {lambda}m, of the power spectrum. This effect is due to interaction with the lubricant by the micro-roughness imparted by the galvanizing process. The lubricant tends to be retained better by the surfaces with the micro-roughness, thereby increasing the amount of elasto- and plasto-hydrodynamic support of the load. Other variables, such as large variations in thickness of the sheet can mask the effect of the surface by changing the actual distance of sliding contact during the DBS test. For tests where the amount of sliding is similar, the effect of roughness is significant. The friction measured for EG steels in the DBS test is dominated by deformation of the surface with plowing by the asperities of the tooling adding to that caused by the deformation. The size of the plow marks in the deformed surfaces corresponds to the roughness of the tooling and no significant evidence of wear particles was observed.

Skarpelos, P.N. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)]|[California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Cone Penetrometer Shear Strength Measurements of Sludge Waste in Tanks 241-AN-101 and 241-AN-106  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents the resulting shear strength profiles for sludge waste in Tanks 241-AN-101 and 241-AN-106, as determined with a full-flow cone penetrometer. Full-flow penetrometer measurements indicate shear strength profiles that increase roughly uniformly with depth. For Tank 241-AN-101, the undrained shear strength was calculated to range from 500 Pa near the sludge surface to roughly 3,300 Pa at 15 inches above the tank bottom. For 241-AN-106, the undrained shear strength was calculated to range from 500 Pa near the sludge surface to roughly 5,000 Pa at 15 inches above the tank bottom.

Follett, Jordan R.

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

323

Surface finish measurements of diamond-turned electroless-nickel-plated mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface roughness data are presented for a matrix of diamond-turned electroless nickel samples having a combination of six phosphorus contents and four heat treatments. Roughness measurements were conducted with commercial optical and stylus profilers (WYKO and Talystep). The results are discussed in terms of the material composition and heat treatment, plus other factors having an observed influence on the surface roughness. For the optimum material properties, full-length (665..mu..m) 20x WYKO scans yielded values of better than 10 A rms after correction for instrument roll-off.

Taylor, J.S.; Syn, C.K.; Saito, T.T.; Donaldson, R.R.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Surface finish measurements of diamond-turned electroless-nickel-plated mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface roughness data are presented for a matrix of diamond-turned electroless-nickel samples having a combination of six phosphorous contents and four heat treatments. Roughness measurements were conducted with commercial optical and stylus profilometers (Wyko and Talystep). The results are discussed in terms of the material composition and heat treatment, plus other factors having an observed influence on the surface roughness. For the optimum material properties, full-length (665 ..mu..m) restored 20X Wyko scans yielded values of better than 10A rms.

Taylor, J.S.; Syn, C.K.; Saito, T.T.; Donaldson, R.R.

1985-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ultralow loss cavities and waveguides scattering loss cancellation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A waveguide system includes a first waveguide having surface roughness along at least one surface and a second waveguide substantially identical to the first waveguide and having substantially identical surface roughness along a corresponding side. The first and second waveguides are separated from each other by a predermined distance and are configured to receive respective first and second light signals having antisymmetric modes. The predetermined distance between the first and second waveguide tends to cause cancellation of at least far-field polarization radiation emanating from the first and second waveguides and resulting from surface roughness.

Rakich, Peter T

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

326

A phase transition model for metric fluctuations in vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regarding metric fluctuations as generating {\\it roughness} on the fabric of the otherwise smooth vacuum, it is shown that in its simplest form, the effect can be described by the scalar $\\phi^4$ model. The model exhibits a second order phase transition between a smooth (low-temperature) phase and a rough (high-temperature) one, corroborating the absence of metric fluctuations at low energies. In the rough phase near the critical point, vacuum is characterized by a power-law behavior for the fluctuating field with critical exponent $\\beta \\approx 0.33$.

M. Mehrafarin

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Projected-search methods for box-constrained optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method, such as the conjugate-gradient method, to minimize aobtained from a conjugate-gradient method, the line search1 when using a conjugate-gradient method. Roughly speaking,

Ferry, Michael William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - arume tiit arume Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the smallest rough grass parcels Source: Collection: Geosciences 91 p o s t m a r k s For parents and Friends oF the University oF illinois at Urbana-Champaign Summary: of...

329

Tactile mapping of harsh, constrained environments, with an application to oil wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work develops a practical approach to explore rough environments when time is critical. The harsh environmental conditions prevent the use of range, force/torque or tactile sensors. A representative case is the mapping ...

Mazzini, Francesco, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

Vater, Katherine Ann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Single and double polarization observables in the electrodisintegration of the deuteron from BLAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the underlying mechanisms involved in the interactions between nucleons is one of the fundamental problems in nuclear physics. Over roughly the last 70 years, this question has been approached on many different ...

DeGrush, Adam (Adam Jon)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Urban Sewage Delivery Heat Transfer System (1): Flow Resistance and Energy Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thimble delivery heat-transfer (TDHT) system is one of the primary modes to utilize the energy of urban sewage. Given the schematic diagram of TDHT system, introducing the definition of equivalent fouling roughness height, and using the Niklaus...

Zhang, C.; Wu, R.; Li, G.; Li, X.; Huang, L.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Motion control of high-speed hydrofoil vessels using state-space methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrofoil ships cruise at large speeds and are often expected to operate in rough weather conditions. The motion of these ships due to their encounter with ambient waves can become uncomfortable or even dangerous without ...

Chatzakis, Iason

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Natural Sources and Regrowth of Enterococcus in Coastal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surfaces Characteristics Contact with water Rough Coated with organic material (nutrients) Ex) High levels of nutrients Nitrates, phosphates, organic carbon Moist environments Water PlantsStreet Runoff UV Treatment Facility UV kills enterococci but killed cells then become nutrients

335

Appropriate nouns with obligatory modifiers Eric Laporte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or with different meanings. For instance, Luc est camus is equivalent to the following sentences, which have exactly the same meaning and roughly the same plausibility of occurrence: Luc a un nez camus Luc a un visage camus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

336

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular pertussis hepatitis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vol. 77, No. 11 0019-95670912.00 doi:10.1128IAI.00667-09 Summary: of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

337

E-Print Network 3.0 - acellular pertussis adsorbed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vol. 77, No. 11 0019-95670912.00 doi:10.1128IAI.00667-09 Summary: of whooping cough roughly correlates with the in- troduction of acellular pertussis vaccines (5... ....

338

Nano-engineering the boiling surface for optimal heat transfer rate and critical heat flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects on pool boiling characteristics such as critical heat flux and the heat transfer coefficient of different surface characteristics such as surface wettability, roughness, morphology, and porosity are not well ...

Phillips, Bren Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

accretion disc models: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

we conjecture that the limiting field strength for a thin disc is such that the Alfven speed roughly equals the geometric mean of the Keplerian speed and the gas sound speed. We...

340

accretion disc model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

we conjecture that the limiting field strength for a thin disc is such that the Alfven speed roughly equals the geometric mean of the Keplerian speed and the gas sound speed. We...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Frequency Electrochemical Nanopolishing of Alpha Titanium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manufacturing techniques have been employed traditionally to manufacture microcomponents; however, these techniques would be expensive, cause surface damage, or produce a very rough surface. Electrochemical polishing is capable of machining/polishing any...

Kanchwala, Abbas M

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind power capacity stood at roughly 4,000 MW, with the vast majority located in Europe.in Europe. Just 470 MW of new offshore wind power capacity

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Paying for Green: An economics literature review on the constraints to financing environmental innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In addition, since fossil fuels receive close to one-quarterof subsidies for fossil fuels due to the complexity of the$50 billion. Moreover, fossil fuels receive roughly one-

Johnson, Daniel K.N.; Lybecker, Kristina M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND WORKSHOP ON EXPERIMENTS AND DETECTORS FOR A RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER (RHIC), LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY, MAY 25-29, 1987  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.1 seconds per track on a VAX 780, approximately linear into approximately 500 x VAX 780 speed (roughly a kiloVAX)coupled by Ethernet to a VAX online computer as. part of its

Ritter, Hans Georg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Ten Incredibly Dangerous Software Ideas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a rough draft synopsis of a book presently in preparation. This book provides a systematic critique of the software industry. This critique is accomplished using classical methods in practical design science.

G. A. Maney

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

Pumice-pumice collisions and the effect of the impact angle B. Cagnoli and M. Manga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by particle impacts is important. For example, in collisions with a rough ground surface, the conversion, 1997]. Collisions are important also in dense gas-fluidised beds, where the hydrodynamics is strongly

Manga, Michael

347

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weighted-average price of wind energy in 1999 was roughly $reduced near-term price expectations, wind energy?s primaryelectricity prices in 2009 pushed wind energy to the top of

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Needs Assessment - Resource Program - Fact Sheet - March 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

roughly a one-in-10 probability of occurrence (with a one-in-10 probability counting water supply, load variability, and potential outage of the nuclear plant), the highest HLH...

349

Federal Water Use Indices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FEMP provides water use indices as a guide for Federal agencies. Note that each is a rough estimate of water usage at different types of sites. Your site may vary considerably.

350

NERSC/DOE BER Requirements Workshop Presentations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Author(s): Victor Markowitz | Proteomics and BLAST Scaling May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Lee Ann McCue | Rough Draft of Day-1 Summary May 7, 2009 | Author(s): NERSC staff | Analysis...

351

Storing unsteady energy, like photovoltaically generated electric energy, as potential energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A proposal to store unsteady energy in potential energy via lifting masses with a rough quantitative overview. Some applications and methods to harvest the potential energy are also given. A focus is put on photovoltaically generated energy.

Nadja Kutz

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

352

Diverse outcomes of homologous recombination in the human Y chromosome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mammalian sex chromosomes began diverging from an ordinary pair of autosomes roughly 300 million years ago. Inversions in the evolving Y chromosome sequentially suppressed recombination with the X chromosome. While ...

Lange, Julian H. (Julian Hendrik)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Leaching and standing water characteristics of bottom ash and composted manure blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coal burning electrical generating facilities produce roughly 91 million metric tons of ash byproducts annually. Typically, this ash is retained at the power plant sites, adding to the cost of managing wastes at the plants. Another waste material...

Mathis, James Gregory

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Model-Based Troubleshooting of Digital Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a methodology, a representation, and an implemented program for troubleshooting digital circuit boards at roughly the level of expertise one might expect in a human novice. Existing methods for ...

Hamscher, Walter Charles

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Three-dimensional routed manifolds with externally inserted cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Automatic Test Equipment industry must maintain a tester accuracy of roughly one tenth the pulsewidth of the device under test (DUT). Funneling a vast number of electrical signals into a very tiny area to contact the ...

Breinlinger, Keith J. (Keith Joseph), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

MEASUREMENTS OF THE 1MM RECEIVER OPTICS Dick Plambeck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

defective rods of extruded Teflon (PTFE). These rods were slightly porous along their central axes, leading roughness, gaps between panels, and scattering by panel #12; -- 2 -- adjusting screws) are summarized

357

A PROTOTYPE PLATFORM FOR ARRAY FEED DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rumble and reduces the maximum integration time by roughly one order of magnitude. #12, tables, and charts are in place; and (3) the final manuscript is satisfactory to the graduate committee

Long, David G.

358

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternating current transmission Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants 4 The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Summary: W, or roughly 25% of the current 2,000kW cost of...

359

A new spectral method for numerical solution of the unbounded ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 23, 2014 ... 0 physically accounts for energy absorption and ...... We plan to extend the method to the electromagnetic wave scattering by unbounded rough surfaces, ... Scattering and Inverse Scattering in Pure and Applied Science,.

Ying He

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Optics, mask and resist implications on contact CDU  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mask and condenser roughness plays important in contact CDU. Resist blur drives both dose requirements and mask specs. Correlation methods can be used to measure mask contributions to CDU.

Naulleau, Patrick

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Science Service Feature-Released upon recei9t but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- long, graceful, looping ribbons of 1-hite* These were tapering to a point at one end, and at the other- stances; carbon dioxide and water vapor. Roughly, f o r each gallon of gasolille burned there is produced

362

www.biosciencemag.org February 2011 / Vol. 61 No. 2 BioScience 117 Sustainability Challenges of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exist, and involve closing the loop on the human phosphorus cycle. We review the current state grams of P, mostly in bones--roughly 20% of the human skeleton and teeth are made of calcium phosphate

Elser, Jim

363

Multinozzle Emitter Arrays for Nanoelectrospray Mass Spectrometry 1,4 3,4 2,3 1, *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increase of hydrodynamic resistance (R), which is roughly inversely proportional to the fourth power for oxidant species to reach the sealed channel surface in the following steps. Next, we performed thermal

Yang, Peidong

364

Studying femtosecond-laser hyperdoping by controlling surface morphology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the fundamental properties of femtosecond-laser (fs-laser) hyperdoping by developing techniques to control the surface morphology following laser irradiation. By decoupling the formation of surface roughness from ...

Winkler, Mark T.

365

Effects and applications of capillary condensation in ultrathin nanoparticle assemblies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electrostatic layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique can be used to make uniform, conformal multi-stack nanoparticle thin films from aqueous solution, with precise thickness and roughness control over each stack. Much ...

Gemici, Zekeriyya

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Nanoscale chemical and mechanical characterization of thin films: sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy at buried interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) withroughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) androughness of 5-10 nm (Red Optronics, Mountain View, CA) with

Kweskin, S.J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The ENERGY STAR® Plant Label: A Valuable Component of Strategic Corporate Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY STAR is the national symbol for energy efficiency and environmental performance recognized by roughly 70% of the American people. In September 2006, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) extend the brand to industrial plants...

Tunnessen, W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Aerodynamic Design for Swept-wing Laminar Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work describes and compares processes for swept-wing laminar flow control (SWLFC) aerody-namic design. It focuses on results obtained during the preliminary outer-mold-line (OML) design of the Subsonic Aircraft Roughness Glove Experiment...

Belisle, Michael Joseph

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

369

SOLUTION OF THE EULER EQUATIONS FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL TRANSONIC FLOW BY A MULTIGRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The cruising efficiency is roughly proportional to the speed multiplied by the lift to drag ratio, so an artificial dissipative term which restricts the results to first order accuracy. In this paper it is shown

Jameson, Antony

370

An Investigation of Light Scattering by Irregular Ice Crystals via PSTD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine the validity PSTD with CPML. We propose a random field model for surface irregularities of ice crystals with roughened surfaces. Results using this model show that reflection probability decreases exponentially as the roughness is increased...

Zhang, Jianing

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

Cu Electrochemical Mechanical Planarization Surface Quality Abhinav Tripathi,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containing 5-phenyl-1-H-tetrazole. The results show that surface roughness increases following Cu ECMP slurries11 and ECMP electrolytes6 that contain 5-phenyl-1-H-tetrazole PTA at pH 3. Although the ECMP

Suni, Ian Ivar

372

Non-Rayleigh scattering by a randomly oriented elongated scatterer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The echo statistics of a randomly rough, randomly oriented prolate spheroid that is randomly located in a beampattern are investigated from physics-based principles both analytically and by Monte Carlo methods. This is a ...

Bhatia, Saurav

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Math4317  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first three topics complete the coverage of single variable calculus, and the fourth, on which we shall spend roughly two thirds of the course is the basis of ...

374

EECBG Success Story: Topeka’s “Green Light Tunnel” Saves Fuel and Time  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Using roughly half of its $1.2 million Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, Topeka, Kansas installed adaptive traffic signal systems at 22 intersections across the city. Learn more.

375

DOE/CF-0090  

Energy Savers [EERE]

in the U.S. doubled from roughly 35 percent to 70 percent. Creating a Strong Solar Industry through Public Private Partnerships. In 2011 EERE began a five-year, 110 million...

376

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent great plains Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OKLAHOMA THE ECOLOGY OF THEWESTERN OKLAHOMA Summary: at no great depth. 3. The Cherokee Salt Plain is the largest one in the State, having a roughly circular shape... FIGURE...

377

E-Print Network 3.0 - american great plains Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OKLAHOMA THE ECOLOGY OF THEWESTERN OKLAHOMA Summary: at no great depth. 3. The Cherokee Salt Plain is the largest one in the State, having a roughly circular shape... FIGURE...

378

Introduction to Tc/I in Hanford Flowsheet  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Introduction to TcI in Hanford Flowsheet Gary Smith Office of Waste Processing (EM-31) November 18, 2010 2 Rough Flowsheet Diagram Tank Farm Evaporator Pretreatment Evaporator IDF...

379

acid-based hydrogel rhbmp-2: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Effect of surface composition and roughness on the apparent surface free energy of silica aerogel,1,2 microfluidics,3,4 tis- sue engineering,5,6 oilfield management,7,8 and food...

380

Operational Impacts of Responsive Electricity Loads: A Modeling Framework Including Policy Implications for Cyprus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to meet EU mandates, the island nation of Cyprus must raise penetration of renewable energy from roughly 5% in 2013 to 16% in 2020. This means Cyprus will need economical ways of balancing intermittency, a special ...

Bruchon, Matthew Bremer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Addressing the problem with natural ventilation : producing a guide for designers to integrate natural ventilation into the early stages of building design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently, the United States alone is responsible for approximately twenty percent of the world's total energy consumption. This consumption is equivalent to roughly 100 quadrillion Btu of energy, or in plainer terms, over ...

Fennessy, Kristian (Kristian M.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carolina This activity removes two 18 inch thick by roughly 3 feet by 2 feet stainless steel spacers from the 773-A Central Hood Exhaust (CHEX) system. These two plates and their...

383

Tribochemical investigation of microelectronic materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in terms of electrochemical interactions, chemical dissolution, mechanical wear, and factors affecting planarization. Since one of the major requirements in CMP is to have a high surface finish, i.e., low surface roughness, optimization of the surface...

Kulkarni, Milind Sudhakar

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

384

Case studies on lithography-friendly vlsi circuit layout  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

showed an increase of roughly 2.2-8.8% and 1.2- 7.8% respectively for different circuits. The routing congestion by and large remains unaffected....

Shah, Pratik Jitendra

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have a more energy-efficient design, in which electricalan energy and resource efficient process chain design. In J.energy roughing and finish machining, plans for minimum consumable use, efficient spindle/tooling design

Robinson, Stefanie L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Investigation of heat transfer augmentation through use of internally finned and roughened tubes : final summary report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report summarizes a three-year program concerned with obtaining basic design information for tubes having a random roughness on the inside wall (RID) and tubing having continuous internal fins (Forge Fin). Test apparatus ...

Bergles A. E.

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Water and Energy Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power plants, water withdrawals for electricity generationelectricity generation in 2009 (33). Water used in thermal electric power plantsplant with CCS technologies requires roughly 1,000 gallons of water for every megawatt-hour of electricity generation (

McMahon, James E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Improving parameterization of scalar transport through vegetation in a coupled ecosystem-atmosphere model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several regional-scale ecosystem models currently parameterize subcanopy scalar transport using a rough-wall boundary eddy diffusivity formulation. This formulation predicts unreasonably high soil evaporation beneath tall, ...

Link, Percy Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

11.013J / 21H.231J American Urban History I, Spring 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course is a seminar on the history of institutions and institutional change in American cities from roughly 1850 to the present. Among the institutions to be looked at are political machines, police departments, courts, ...

Fogelson, Robert

390

Survey and evaluation of techniques to augment convective heat transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents a survey and evaluation of the numerous techniques which have been shown to augment convective heat transfer. These techniques are: surface promoters, including roughness and treatment; displaced ...

Bergles A. E.

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Headcut retreat resulting from plunge pool erosion in a 3D landscape evolution model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Headcut retreat produced by plunge pools is represented using existing concepts about this type of erosion. The model estimates retreat rates, given flow, height of the headcut, upstream slope and Manning's roughness, and ...

Flores Cervantes, Javier Homero, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Accepted To: IEEE 21st International Requirements Engineering Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

summarize the forces that influence this challenge in the legal requirements lifecycle (see Figure 1), which illustrates how legal requirements coverage can change over time. The lifecycle roughly extends Michael

Breaux, Travis D.

393

Two paths to nationhood : explaining the goals of ethnic rebellions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contrary to widely held assumptions in the ethnic conflict literature, ethnic rebellions do not have to be separatist. Indeed, roughly one third of the largest ethnic rebellions since World War II have been attempts to ...

Metz, Daniel M., 1972-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - antifungal susceptibilities varieties Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page 1 of 9 Summary: AccessResearch article Candidaemia and antifungal therapy in a French University Hospital: rough trends... the management of at risk patients as well as...

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic self-affine properties Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

; Geosciences 10 ccsd-00020184,version2-28Aug2006 Flow channelling in a single fracture induced Summary: properties of fractures of a relative shear displacement u of rough...

396

Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate CSEM experiments. The objective of the present study is to model the changes in electromagnetic response for a resistive disk and a more geometrically complex structure, which are rough approximations of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The parameters...

King, Joshua David

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

397

Estimating erosional exhumation on Titan from drainage network morphology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, to estimate cumulative erosion into an initially rough surface. We calibrate this method with a numerical the Cassini spacecraft. While Titan does not host a global surface ocean, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR

Perron, Taylor

398

Intimate Emptiness: The Flint Hills Wind Turbine Controversy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Howard Graham, Master of Arts American Studies, July 2008 University of Kansas This study examines the political and social controversy surrounding the proposed introduction of industrial scale wind turbines, roughly, those over 120 feet...

Graham, Howard Russell

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

399

This presentation was given to the Native Plant Society, Siskiyou Chapter, Southern Oregon University, 21 Oct. 2010.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This presentation was given to the Native Plant Society, Siskiyou Chapter, Southern Oregon of continents, roughly between 30 and 40 degrees latitude, where cold offshore ocean current is present [1

Muir, Patricia

400

The feasibility of sodar wind profile measurements from an oceanographic buoy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the feasibility of making wind speed profile measurements from an oceanographic buoy using a Doppler sodar. In the fall of 2005, we deployed a Scintec SFAS sodar on an ASIS buoy. Roughly one week of ...

Berg, Allison M. (Allison May)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Data Network Equipment Energy Use and Savings Potential in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the USA used 18 TWh, or about 1% of building electricity, inUSA energy use, we estimated the average per capita electricityelectricity and is growing at roughly 6% per year in the USA.

Lanzisera, Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Artificial Intelligence Design for Real-time Strategy Games  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the paper. 1 Introduction The real-time strategy (RTS) video game genre began to appear roughly two decades , one of the best-selling video games and now an acknowledged reference, cemented RTS in the industry

Ernst, Damien

403

Effects of mineral aerosols on the summertime climate of southwest Asia: Incorporating subgrid variability in a dust emission scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] Improvements in modeling mineral aerosols over southwest Asia are made to the dust scheme in a regional climate model by representing subgrid variability of both wind speed and surface roughness length. The new module ...

Marcella, Marc Pace

404

Habitat Restoration at the Salmon, Mississippi, Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The 1,470-acre Salmon, Mississippi, Site is located in Lamar County, approximately 20 miles southwest of Hattiesburg, in southwestern Mississippi. It is roughly square in shape, and each side is...

405

Development and evaluation of a thermal model for haptic interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermal interaction between the skin and an object is influenced by the thermal properties and initial temperatures of the skin and object, and by the contact force and surface roughness of the contact surfaces. This ...

Ho, Hsin-Ni

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Collaborative-learning Support Function to Harness Organizational Intellectual Synergy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Collaborative-learning Support Function to Harness Organizational Intellectual Synergy Hiroyuki of organizational activities. Then, it roughly outlines Kfarm while focusing on collaborative learning support, workplace learning, life-long learning, organizational learning, collaborative learning and so on, refer

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

407

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughly 2.7% of total US energy consumption. The final tworoughly 1.5% of total US energy consumption. The final twoSpace Conditioning Energy Consumption in US Buildings Annual

Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The idea of digital oilfields, i.e., with unmanned exploration unities, is a strong trend in the oil & gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract The idea of digital oilfields, i.e., with unmanned exploration unities, is a strong trend oilfields is roughly an interplay of several technologies that provides resources for gathering raw data

Barbosa, Alberto

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabinoside-metabolizing enzyme genes Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

genes The tropical tree whose fruit... of its genome -- about 372 million letters of DNA code -- the papaya has surprisingly few genes -- under... roughly the same size, but have...

410

Division of Astronomy and Space Physics Analyzing Thermal Emission Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System bodies such as surface roughness, infrared self heating and 3D heat conduction. In close: Calculating temperature dis- tributions, considering infrared self- heating and 3D heat conduction. Production

411

Energy Conservation Strategies E x t e n s i o n B u l l e t i n E -3 1 6 0 N e w N o v e m b e r 2 0 1 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of greenhouse crops in temperate climates. Of the total energy consumed, roughly 65 to 85 percent is for heating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Install infrared anti-condensate polyethylene film . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Properly maintain heating equipment

412

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 6, 04005, 2004 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU04-A-04005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a pronounced change in roughness and heat transfer. It poses a strong inhomogeneity to the flow, which may been found to be generally applicable over the open sea, when homogenous and stationary flow conditions

Heinemann, Detlev

413

Characterization and preservation techniques of plant xylem as low cost membrane filtration devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safe drinking water remains inaccessible for roughly 1.1 billion people in the world.³? As a result, 400 children under the age of 5 die every hour from biological contamination of drinking water.³? Studies have been done ...

Potash, Benjamin R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Accelerated Animation of Liquid Splash Roman Durikovic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

step and viscosity. The final liquid surface is obtained from the velocity field by rough estimation small fluid objects such as splash and spray. Our final goal is to develop a real-time system

Durikovic, Roman

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae involved...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

p. 46934694 Vol. 191, No. 14 0021-91930908.00 0 doi:10.1128JB.00447-09 Summary: -tad cluster (AAP0177 to -0190) is similar to the tad locus involved in the rough colony...

416

No Pants...No Badge...No Gun...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gasping breaths, with the moist slapping sound of their bodies meeting and the rhythmic squeaking of protesting bedsprings. Against his bare back, Starsky felt the clinging bedspread they had neglected to turn down, its rough-stitched pattern scratching...

Multiple Contributors

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Forestry Policies (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kansas is home to an established forestry industry managing roughly 2 million acres of land. The vast majority of these lands are privately owned. The Kansas Forest Service (KFS) provides the...

418

Theory of acoustic attenuation, dispersion, and pulse propagation in unconsolidated granular materials including  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of acoustic attenuation, dispersion, and pulse propagation in unconsolidated granular of particles in contact with a new, rough-surface, random-packing model of mineral grains in unconsolidated

Buckingham, Michael

419

4, 28392866, 2004 Mixing height for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

focuses on specific problems in describing the sur- face energy balance and MH in urban areas (Piringer et in surface5 roughness and heating from rural to central city areas. So, the UBL is considered as a specific

Boyer, Edmond

420

TSPA First Interim Report - June 20, 1997  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

displacement, such as drainage, in a rough fracture has been modeled in analogy to porous media. Because of the complicated nature of two-dimensional flow in fractures, however,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A laboratory study of localized boundary mixing in a rotating stratified fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oceanic observations indicate that abyssal mixing is localized in regions of rough topography. How locally mixed fluid interacts with the ambient fluid is an open question. Laboratory experiments explore the interaction ...

Wells, Judith R. (Judith Roberta)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

acute gastrointestinal toxicity: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was inhibited at concentrations below the LC50; animal biomass on average was 38 % below controls when exposed to pyrethroid concentrations roughly one-third to one-half the LC50....

423

Wired for the future JOHN CLARKE1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- The Superconductivity Revolution". But, 20 years later, you could be forgiven for wondering "What revolution?" Progress a decade of industrial production5 . The cost is high because roughly 60% of the cross-section is silver

Loss, Daniel

424

abdominal metastasis arising: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

black holes by their enormous gravitational fields. The mission will be based on a 25-meter space-borne radio telescope operating at frequencies between 8 and 86 GHz, roughly...

425

Secretary Chu's Remarks at the Clean Energy Ministerial Opening...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of roughly 200 mid-size power plants. The good news doesn't end there. Through the Solar and LED Energy Access Initiative, we're helping to raise standards of living. This...

426

Oscillations with Co and Cu thickness of the current-perpendicular-to-plane giant magnetoresistance of a Co/Cu/Co,,001... trilayer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

located at the ferromagnet/spacer inter- faces interfacial roughness . However, a fully quantitative current-in-plane geom- etry, the dimensions of the sample in the direction of the current are always

Umerski, Andrey

427

April 2011 Recovery News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant spanned roughly 65,000 square feet and operated from 1953-62 and 1968-73 to convert depleted uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ) into uranium metal and uranium tetrafluoride. It is...

428

10A UppERCAMpUS VIACENTRE/CRAIG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HALL MONdAYThROUGhFRIdAY Does not operate on Friday Friday only 2:55 3:01 3:06 3:07 3:14 3:00 3:06 3

Sibille, Etienne

429

J . Fluid Mech. (1987).vol. 185, pp. 275-288 Printed in Great Britain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

orifice. In 1868, Helmholtz and Kirchhoff introduced the theory of free streamlines for such problems of computer time. High accuracy is cheap: the amount of work is roughly proportional to the number of digits

Trefethen, Nick

430

Radiation and dissipation of internal waves generated by geostrophic motions impinging on small-scale topography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations and inverse models suggest that small-scale turbulent mixing is enhanced in the Southern Ocean in regions above rough topography. The enhancement extends 1 km above the topography suggesting that mixing is ...

Nikurashin, Maxim (Maxim Anatolevich)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Supplementary Information for: Diurnally Resolved Particulate and VOC Measurements at a Rural Site: Indication of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heights were roughly between 400 and 2200m, as deduced from potential temperature and water vapour, as calculated using the approach described in the text. #12;Supplementary Information for Regional BTEX Values

Meskhidze, Nicholas

432

THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Bjrn Birnir # Terence R. Smith + \\Lambda George E. Merchant +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Björn Birnir # Terence R. Smith + \\Lambda George E. Merchant roughness coefficient of 0:75 and is analogous to an interface driven through random media with quenched

Bigelow, Stephen

433

Laboratory measurements of the temporal and cross-shore variation of the wave-induced bed stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed laboratory measurements of horizontal velocity above a rough, fixed, impermeable slope were made to determine the effect of varying wave conditions on the shear stress in the swash zone. The research involved the design, construction...

Sukumaran, Ashok

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Geothermal Energy Growth Continues, Industry Survey Reports ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

economic benefits, according to GEA. "These new projects will result in the infusion of roughly 15 billion in capital investment in the western states, and create 7,000...

435

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 3 | OCTOBER 2013 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 867 news & views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for roughly 60% of global primary production, Earth system models (ESMs) increasingly use mechanistic | The stabilization of plant carbon into soil carbon as represented in Earth system models. Left: A classical model

Saleska, Scott

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - agger jesper brandt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

811-814, MARCH 1, 2001 Parameterizing Tidal Dissipation over Rough Summary: . In shallow water and in narrow seas and estuaries, on the other hand, they become enormously ex-...

437

Center for Turbulence Research Proceedings of the Summer Program 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequencies offers the potential for insight into the response of wall-bounded flow to static roughness (in layer to amplify continuous or "on demand" (on/off) actuation input. Experimental approaches afford

Prinz, Friedrich B.

438

Mag Lab Reports, Volume 15, Issue 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

again. But the President capped all non-defense spending and Congress opted to meet this demand by (among other cuts) pulling roughly 1 billion from the anticipated level of 2008...

439

Smooth electrode and method of fabricating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A smooth electrode is provided. The smooth electrode includes at least one metal layer having thickness greater than about 1 micron; wherein an average surface roughness of the smooth electrode is less than about 10 nm.

Weaver, Stanton Earl (Northville, NY); Kennerly, Stacey Joy (Albany, NY); Aimi, Marco Francesco (Niskayuna, NY)

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

440

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Water infiltration and intermittent...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Water infiltration and intermittent flow in rough-walled fractures Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

LDPC code-based bandwidth efficient coding schemes for wireless communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation deals with the design of bandwidth-efficient coding schemes with Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) for reliable wireless communications. Code design for wireless channels roughly falls into three categories: (1) when channel state...

Sankar, Hari

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

442

The effect of breed and sex-class on fat deposition across the five USDA yield grades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, shanks, plates, and flanks. The rough subprimals were then split into right and left sides and all right side subprimals were physically dissected into dissectable lean, bone, and fat (subcutaneous, seam, and internal). Dissectable tissues were weighed...

Menzies, Misti Deon

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Optical loss reduction in HIC chalcogenide glass waveguides via thermal reflow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A rapid thermal reflow technique is applied to high-index-contrast, sub-micron waveguides in As[subscript 2]S[subscript 3] chalcogenide glass to reduce sidewall roughness and associated optical scattering loss. Up to 50% ...

Hu, Juejun

444

An inverse approach to understanding benthic oxygen isotope records from the last deglaciation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations suggest that during the last deglaciation (roughly 20,000-10,000 years ago) the Earth warmed substantially, global sea level rose approximately 100 meters in response to melting ice sheets and glaciers, and ...

Amrhein, Daniel Edward

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

REO to rental : the creation of a new asset class and the transformation of the American single family landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prodigious US single-family housing market consists of roughly 80 million existing homes and of those, more than 14 million are currently being rented. This trillion-dollar rental market has traditionally been operated ...

Pierson, Morgan W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The characterization of human [gamma]D-crystallin mutants and their differential interactions with the lens chaperone [alpha]B-crystallin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cataract, the leading cause of blindness worldwide, is the opacification of the eye lens. In.age-related cataract, as well as roughly one half of congenital cataract cases, aggregation or precipitation of crystallin proteins ...

Moreau, Kate L. (Kate Lauren)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Children Are the Wealth of the Poor: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Haiti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At roughly two percent, Haiti has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the Caribbean. This thesis examines HIV transmission in Haiti, specifically the transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, labor, ...

Denney, Rachel

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a heat engine, such as a steam turbine or sterling enginethese concentrations, a steam turbine achieves roughly 25%ratio can run a steam turbine at 35-50% efficiency, with

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Polaritonics : an intermediate regime between electronics and photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis contains the foundational work behind the field of polaritonics. Corresponding to a frequency range from roughly 100 gigahertz up to 10 terahertz, polaritonics bridges the gap between electronics and photonics. ...

Ward, David W. (David Wayne), 1970-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac voltage standard Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"volts, AC"), the "secondary" voltage is roughly 6 VAC. We shall use the "Universal Transformer... :" conversion of AC to DC You can use a diode to convert the AC voltage of the...

451

Introduction to some basic ethical orientations [1] One of the major branches of philosophy is ethics, which involves, among other things,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

involves both components. The problem can be set up more or less as follows: there are roughly two kinds individual are less clear, and opinions among different people may diverge: is abortion permissible

Grush, Rick

452

Grush: Introduction to some basic ethical orientations Page 1/7 Introduction to some basic ethical orientations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The problem can be set up more or less as follows: there are roughly two kinds of morally relevant situation different people may diverge: is abortion permissible? is euthanasia? should those convicted of violent

Grush, Rick

453

HNUtHUl I IV1-30 I  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

a human receptor situated at a short distance downwind of the soil repository. The wind velocity is 62 4 ms (roughly 10 mph), blowing across a 100-m edge of the repository...

454

Los Alamos researchers uncover new properties in nanocomposite...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is on the order of nanometers, roughly 1000 times smaller than the width of a human hair. September 23, 2014 Schematic depicting distinct dislocation networks for SrO- and...

455

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is on the order of nanometers, roughly 1000 times smaller than the width of a human hair. In the context of nuclear energy, composites have been proposed for the fuel itself,...

456

Q&A: Kristen Psaki of WeatherizeDC | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Q&A: Kristen Psaki of WeatherizeDC April 15, 2010 - 3:45pm Addthis Roughly 20 percent of carbon emissions come from inefficient homes. The DC Project says it has found a way to...

457

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future Energy Use and Carbon Emissions from U.S. Residences.Koomey. 1993. Cutting Carbon Emissions-Burden or Benefit? :roughly equal to 4% of carbon emissions in 1990. Because

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Analysis of Energy Use in Building Services of the Industrial Sector in California: A Literature Review and a Preliminary Characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by ERC, is 448.3 trillion Btu (TBtu). The total CaliforniaBecause the cost of an electrical Btu is roughly 4 timesthat of a source fuel Btu, industrial categories that use

Akbari, H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Effects Of Milling On Surface Integrity Of Low-Carbon Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work measured the effect of milling parameters on the surface integrity of low-carbon alloy steel. The Variance Analysis showed that only depth of cut did not influence on the workpiece roughness and the Pearson's Coefficient indicated that cutting speed was more influent than tool feed. All cutting parameters introduced tensile residual stress in workpiece surface. The chip formation mechanism depended specially on cutting speed and influenced on the roughness and residual stress of workpiece.

Rodrigues, Alessandro Roger; Matsumoto, Hidekasu; Yamakami, Wyser Jose; Tokimatsu, Ruis Camargo; Menezes, Miguel Angelo; Suyama, Daniel Iwao; Norcino, Adriana Bruno; Vendrame, Saimon [UNESP-Univ Estatual Paulista, Engineering Faculty of Ilha Solteira, Av. Brasil Centro, 56-Zip Code 15.385-000-Ilha Solteira, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

460

Loose abrasive slurries for optical glass lapping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Loose abrasive lapping is widely used to prepare optical glass before its final polishing. We carried out a comparison of 20 different slurries from four different vendors. Slurry particle sizes and morphologies were measured. Fused silica samples were lapped with these different slurries on a single side polishing machine and characterized in terms of surface roughness and depth of subsurface damage (SSD). Effects of load, rotation speed, and slurry concentration during lapping on roughness, material removal rate, and SSD were investigated.

Neauport, Jerome; Destribats, Julie; Maunier, Cedric; Ambard, Chrystel; Cormont, Philippe; Pintault, B.; Rondeau, Olivier

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effect of pressure gradient on the drag reduction performance of two and three dimensional riblets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integral Parameters . 4. 2 Law of the Wall Profiles 4. 3 Pressure Gradient Parameters 4. 4 Preston Tube Measurements 4. 5 Roughness Function 4. 6 Growth of the Internal Layer 4. 7 Turbulence Measurements 4. 7. 1 Turbulence intensity 4. 7. 2 Third.... 4 Spectra for favorable pressure gradient 4. 8. 5 Roughness effects on the bursting process V CONCLUSION . REFERENCES APPENDIX A APPENDIX B 50 50 51 94 134 175 177 180 183 . . 185 VITA . . 210 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Proportions...

Hall, Aaron Chenault

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Victoria Metropolitan Transportation Plan Update 2005-2030  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arrived instead at the Texas Gulf Coast and established Fort St. Louis on Garcitas Creek in southeast Victoria County. He brought with him roughly 280 colonists. While a majority of the colonists remained at the fort, La Salle explored the region... arrived instead at the Texas Gulf Coast and established Fort St. Louis on Garcitas Creek in southeast Victoria County. He brought with him roughly 280 colonists. While a majority of the colonists remained at the fort, La Salle explored the region...

Victoria Metropolitan Planning Organization

463

The development of a genetic exchange system for Coxiella burnetii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

22 25 26 27 29 30 30 RESULTS. 31 Infectivity Detection Assays. Testing of Putative Origin of Replication. . Electroporation and Infection. . GFP Cloning. Cloning of reed. SUMMARY AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS. 31 37 41 46 49 56 REFERENCES... of the organism (25). Spontaneous mutations lead to variation in the synthesis of LPS biosynthetic genes and expression of truncated LPS. Phase I bacteria, which are virulent, express smooth LPS, while attenuated phase II bacteria contain rough or semi- rough...

Stimage, Rachenetta Velthea

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

In situ monitoring of electrochemically induced roughening with the crystal truncation rod technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have employed the crystal truncation rod technique to monitor (in situ) the electrochemically induced roughening of a Pt(111) electrode pretreated with a chemisorbed layer of iodine. We find that for the electrode as prepared (both in air and in contact with an electrolyte solution at the rest potential) the surface is best described by one that has an rms roughness of 3.30 {plus_minus} 0.3 {angstrom} and where the atoms that are displaced from a perfectly truncated lattice still occupy lattice positions. Reductive desorption of the iodine adlayer at {minus}0.90 V does not alter the interfacial roughness. However, the application of a potential of +1.0 V for 15 min results on a significantly rougher interface. In this case the roughness due to displaced atoms occupying lattice positions is 3.35 {plus_minus} 0.34 {angstrom}, and there is also a second contribution to the roughness that can be described in terms of a Debye-Walker factor and which contributes an additional roughness of 2.05 {plus_minus} 0.25 {angstrom}. 19 refs., 4 figs.

Bommarito, G.M.; Acevedo, D.; Abruna, H.D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1992-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

465

Structure and dynamics of TIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP5P water near smooth and atomistic walls of different hydroaffinity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform molecular dynamics simulations to observe the structure and dynamics of water using different water models (TIP3P, TIP4P, TIP5P) at ambient conditions, constrained by planar walls, which are either modeled by smooth potentials or regular atomic lattices, imitating the honeycomb-structure of graphene. We implement walls of different hydroaffinity, different lattice constant, and different types of interaction with the water molecules. We find that in the hydrophobic regime the smooth wall generally represents a good abstraction of the atomically rough walls, while in the hydrophilic regime there are noticeable differences in structure and dynamics between all stages of wall roughness. For a small lattice constant however the smooth and the atomically rough wall still share a number of structural and dynamical similarities. Out of the three water models, TIP5P water shows the largest degree of tetrahedral ordering and is often the one that is least perturbed by the presence of the wall.

Harrach, Michael F., E-mail: harrach@fkp.tu-darmstadt.de; Drossel, Barbara [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

An investigation of the depolarization of backscattered electromagnetic waves using a lidar polarimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the samples was varied from a very rough to a moderately rough surface. Using these targets, polarized and depolarized backscatter measurements were recorded using both horizon- tal and vertical transmit polarization for angles of in- cidence between 0...' . . . . . . . . . . . 48 III -3 III-4 II I- 5 III-6 Intensity pattern for p /p a s Intensity pattern for p /p a s Intensity pattern for p /p a s 2. 0 x 10 1. 0 x 10 2. 62 x 10 Experimental arrangement for collimated beam experiment 49 50 51 53 III- 7...

Wilhelmi, Gary Joe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

467

Magic angles and cross-hatching instability in hydrogel fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The full 2D analysis of roughness profiles of fracture surfaces resulting from quasi-static crack propagation in gelatin gels reveals an original behavior characterized by (i) strong anisotropy with maximum roughness at $V$-independent symmetry-preserving angles, (ii) a sub-critical instability leading, below a critical velocity, to a cross-hatched regime due to straight macrosteps drifting at the same magic angles and nucleated on crack-pinning network inhomogeneities. Step height values are determined by the width of the strain-hardened zone, governed by the elastic crack blunting characteristic of soft solids with breaking stresses much larger that low strain moduli.

Tristan Baumberger; Christiane Caroli; David Martina; Olivier Ronsin

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

468

High current density electropolishing in the preparation of highly smooth substrate tapes for coated conductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A continuous process of forming a highly smooth surface on a metallic tape by passing a metallic tape having an initial roughness through an acid bath contained within a polishing section of an electropolishing unit over a pre-selected period of time, and, passing a mean surface current density of at least 0.18 amperes per square centimeter through the metallic tape during the period of time the metallic tape is in the acid bath whereby the roughness of the metallic tape is reduced. Such a highly smooth metallic tape can serve as a base substrate in subsequent formation of a superconductive coated conductor.

Kreiskott, Sascha (Los Alamos, NM); Matias, Vladimir (Santa Fe, NM); Arendt, Paul N. (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

THE INFLUENCE OF NEUTRON-IRRADIATION AT LOW TEMPERATURES ON THE DIELECTRIC PARAMETERS OF 3C-SiC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3C-SiC wafers were irradiated with neutrons of various fluences and at low (200 - 400 ?C) irradiation temperatures. Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) reflectance spectra were obtained for the samples, and the spectra used to extract the dielectric parameters for each specimen, using statistical curve-fitting procedures. Analysis of all data revealed trends in reflectance peak heights as well as in the dielectric parameters. The surface roughness of the irradiated samples was measured by atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) and certain trends could be ascribed to surface roughness.

J.A.A. Engelbrecht; G. Deyzel; E. Minnaar; W.E. Goosen; I. J. van Rooyen

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Characterization of metal oxide layers grown on CVD graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Growth of a fully oxidized aluminum oxide layer with low surface roughness on graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition is demonstrated. This is accomplished by the deposition of a 0.2 nm thick titanium seed layer on the graphene prior to the deposition of the aluminum under ultra high vacuum conditions, which was subsequently oxidized. The stoichiometry and surface roughness of the oxide layers were measured for a range of titanium and aluminum depositions utilizing ex situ x-ray photoelectron spectrometry and atomic force microscopy. These fully oxidized films are expected to produce good dielectric layers for use in graphene based electronic devices.

Matsubayashi, Akitomo; Abel, Joseph; Prasad Sinha, Dhiraj; Lee, Ji Ung; LaBella, Vincent P. [College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, New York 12203 (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Moisture levels at which rice grains will not fissure from moisture adsorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as upon the variety and the type of rice. In adsorption related work, Kunze (1975a) documented the fissuring of rough, brown and milled rice grains after heated air drying. He reported that rough rice dried at a high rate, 29. 8 to 9. 1% m. c...' ANALYSIS OF PERCENT PISSURED GRAINS E PLOTS OF 'PROBIT' TRANSFORMED DATA 77 80 V1TA LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 SALTS USED TO PRODUCE THE REQUIRED RELATIVE HUMZDITZES AT 22. 2 'C (HALL, 1980). . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 COMPARISON...

Kamau, John Mugeto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

HANDLING MISSING ATTRIBUTE VALUES IN DECISION TABLES USING VALUED TOLERANCE APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using the lower and upper approximations. The set that separates the lower and the upper approximation is the boundary region for the rough set. The main advantage of rough set theory is that it does not require any additional information about data... by the algorithm (MLEM2 or valued tolerance) and computes the error rate. Two rule checkers are used namely, ?srch? and ?chkrul?. The rule checker ?srch? is used to convert the rules according to the LERS format since it does not handle missing attribute values...

Vasudevan, Supriya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Design and Implementation of the KioskNet System S. Guo, M.H. Falaki, E.A. Oliver, S. Ur Rahman, A. Seth, M.A. Zaharia, U. Ismail, and S. Keshav  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

viable. We estimate that our system requires a capital expenditure of $100- $700/kiosk, depending on the configuration1 , and an operating expenditure of $70/kiosk/month. These rough estimates include the cost, keshav}@uwaterloo.ca Abstract-- Rural Internet kiosks in developing countries can cost

California at Irvine, University of

474

Gray: Introduction 1 Database and Transaction Processing Performance Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are often used in this way as a rough estimate of the relative system performance because the cost/performance metrics for database systems and transaction processing systems. Each benchmark tries to answer with the lowest cost-of-ownership". Cost-of-ownership includes project risks, programming costs, operations costs

Narasayya, Vivek

475

Boundary-Layer Meteorol (2009) 132:129149 DOI 10.1007/s10546-009-9380-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Tunnel Investigation of Wind-Turbine Wakes: Boundary-Layer Turbulence Effects Leonardo P. Chamorro · Fernando Porté to study turbulence in the wake of a model wind turbine placed in a boundary layer developed over rough effects · Turbulence · Wake structure · Wind-tunnel experiment · Wind turbine L. P. Chamorro · F. Porté

Porté-Agel, Fernando

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Atmospheric and wake turbulence impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impacts on wind turbine fatigue loadings S a n g L e e National Renewable Energy Laboratory #12;NATIONAL interaction in wind turbine arrays are not well understood -Previous fatigue loads were estimated using low and surface roughness on fatigue loading are investigated -Wake turbulence effect on the downwind turbines

Firestone, Jeremy

477

UNIVERSITY OF HAWNI LIBRARY MASS TRANSFER LIMITS TO NUTRIENT UPTAKE BY SHALLOW CORAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compared the dissolution of artificial plaster forms (surface area = 0.1-1.0 m2 ) of varying roughness) than under steady flows. Using appropriate surface areas from the plaster dissolution experiments enhancement obtained from the plaster dissolution experiments, S could be as high as 9.3±1.3 m day·1 and 15

Luther, Douglas S.

478

Construction Coordination Jan. 2014 March. 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Construct Hut · SU Diesel Storage Tanks ­ Install tanks & polishers, leak detection and power to system. #12 and repair sink holes · Coffee Hut ­ Utility Locate, Utility rough-in · SU Diesel Storage ­ BIO Submit ­ Construct Hut · SU Diesel Storage Tanks ­ Grading, UG elec. and slab construction #12;4 March 2014

Wechsler, Risa H.

479

VOLUME 14 No.21 Reviewing the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Applied Physics Letters, Biochemistry, Energy & Fuels, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, these statistics account for roughly three-quarters of the total number of reports, with the rest representing on going research projects. The majority of user research projects at the Maglab were funded

Weston, Ken

480

Termination and hydration of forsteritic olivine (010) surface Hongping Yan a,,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination and hydration of forsteritic olivine (010) surface Hongping Yan a,,1 , Changyong Park a; accepted in revised form 1 September 2014; Available online 16 September 2014 Abstract Termination termination and hydration. The basic silica paste polished surface turned out too rough to measure with X

Shen, Guoyin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Thin Solid Films 403404 (2002) 558562 0040-6090/02/$ -see front matter 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.V. All rights reserved. PII: S0040-6090Z01.01570-X Ge layer transfer to Si for photovoltaic applications by hydrogen-induced layer-splitting reveals root mean square (rms) surface roughness of between 10 and 23 nm rights reserved. Keywords: Direct wafer bonding; Germanium; Photovoltaic devices; Optoelectronic devices

Atwater, Harry

482

Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and roughness was observed and discussed. 1. Introduction Photovoltaic technology is emerging as a major source of electri- cal energy [1], and the most common base material for photovoltaic cell is solar grade silicon, silicon metal is more reductive than hydrogen meaning that silicon electrodeposition has to be carried out

Mailhes, Corinne

483

Dyscalculia: From Brain to Education Brian Butterworth,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to 7% (1), which is roughly the same prevalence as developmental dyslexia (2). A major report by the UK government con- cludes, "Developmental dyscalculia is currently the poor relation of dyslexia, with a much lower public profile. But the consequences of dyscalculia are at least as severe as those for dyslexia

Butterworth, Brian

484

The European Performance of Buildings Directive - Case Study: New Headquarters of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt am Main  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The EPBD was passed as a Directive in 2002 paving the way for national legislation, the German version of which is the EnEV 2007, passed in October 2007. These dates mark roughly the start and end of the feasibility and design phase for the design...

Neeson, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Students are stroke comb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PE O S s p p i e e a O P m A O ENNST Adv Overview: Students are stroke comb and Mineral e Combust e technology n into two pa our strokes d in detail is orage, iso-th rough simula split

Demirel, Melik C.

486

Neutrons for Catalysis: A Workshop on Neutron Scattering Techniques for Studies in Catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-EM Fischer Tropsch Catalysis on Fe- or Co-catalysts, ,,CTL" Coal to Liquids ­ ,a rough (?) analogy #12;Peter Albers, AQ-EM Carbonaceous Deposits on Catalysts #12;Peter Albers, AQ-EM IINS on Coked Catalysts from Industrial Plants High-temperature and low-temperature cokes deposited on catalysts during

Pennycook, Steve

487

METAL FORMING 2004 -Section: Reiner Kopp, Oliver Hofmann, Vincent Honnet, Christian Plociennik  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Visualization, Simulation, Portal virtual CSP plant Prof. Dr.-Ing. Reiner Kopp, Institute of Metal Forming, RWTH computing power it is of no use to calculate a finite element job for a entire plant. It makes more sense to start with a rough simulation over the entire plant and then to go deeper into the process at selected

Kuhlen, Torsten

488

New Hampshire Directory of Sawmills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Soon after, New Hampshire's patriots joined in the American Revolution, not for tea but to protect Green Lumber, Cants/Timbers, Pallets/Crates, Sawdust Barton Lumber Co., Inc. (Sawmill Not Presently, Retail, Custom Sawing, Custom Planing Species: White Pine, Hemlock, Red Pine Products: Rough Green Lumber

New Hampshire, University of

489

The Composition of the Soils of the Texas Panhandle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Soil Types by Counties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Armstrong County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Briecoe County... BY COUNTIES. The following is a list of the types of soils found in the varwus counties accoTding to maps published by the Bureau of Soils. Armstrong County. Amarillo silty clay loam. Amarillo loam. Amarillo sands. Rough broken land. Vernon loam...

Fraps, G. S.

1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

THE SOIL SCOOP by Clain Jones, Montana State University Extension Soil Fertility Specialist, and Kathrin Olson-Rutz, Research Associate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy for soil microorganisms.Although SOC makes up roughly 60% of SOM, only a portion the water solubleTHE SOIL SCOOP by Clain Jones, Montana State University Extension Soil Fertility Specialist, and Kathrin Olson-Rutz, Research Associate Evaluating Soil Quality and Health rate cycling timing

Lawrence, Rick L.

491

Steamflood production mechanism in an edge pattern Duri field, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Duri field, located in Riau Province in Central Sumatra, Indonesia, is currently the site of the largest steamflood project in the world. Roughly half of the field is being flooded in eight project areas. Low oil rate has been encountered...

Yuwono, Ipung Punto

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Basly L., Couvercelle C., Cauneau F., Ranchin T., Wald L., 1999. SAR imagery for urban air quality. In Proceedings of the 18th EARSeL Symposium on Operational Remote Sensing for Sustainable Development, Enschede, The Netherlands, Nieuwenhuis G.,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In Proceedings of the 18th EARSeL Symposium on Operational Remote Sensing for Sustainable Development, Enschede creates micro- climates such as heat islands where atmospheric reactions are increased (Oke, 1987 of the districts related to the aerodynamic roughness of the ground. Indeed, in a previous study, we have shown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Invertibility of random matrices M. Rudelson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invertibility of random matrices M. Rudelson We will discuss several recent developments related to invertibility and spectral properties of large random matrices. Consider an n Ã? n matrix, whose values are independent identically distributed random variables. The invertibility questions can be roughly divided

Weinberger, Hans

494

Positron Emission Tomography Physik Department TU Munchen, Lehrstuhl E18  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

where a minimum energy state with the constraint of conservation of global helicity has a flat electric field tends to drive the equilibrium away from the relaxed, minimum energy state which is roughly magnetic fluctuations are also responsible for destruction of flux surfaces, relegating the standard RFP

495

NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | OCTOBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 741 In 1939, a Japanese engineer named  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this kind -- in gravels and granular matter of all kinds such as seeds and powders, in fluids or plasmas, of course, as beads won't pack a volume completely. The maximum in these experiments was roughly C = 0, packed state unable to fl

Loss, Daniel

496

ORIGINAL PAPER New Data on Miocene Neotropical Provinciality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Two of these Cerdas species occur in Friasian sensu stricto/Collon- curan SALMA faunas of Patagonia proposed for the youngest Santacrucian intervals in Patagonia, a diachronous offset of up to 2.1 Ma may in the Neotropics has lagged far behind that in the Southern Cone (e.g., Patagonia) for many years; although roughly

Garzione, Carmala N.

497

The 2/3 Power Law Dependence of Capillary Force on Normal Load in Nanoscopic Friction E. Riedo,*,, I. Palaci, C. Boragno, and H. Brune  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the normal load following a 2/3 power law. We trace back this behavior to the load induced change of the tip between a spherical AFM tip and a rough flat surface increases with the normal load, FN, following a 2The 2/3 Power Law Dependence of Capillary Force on Normal Load in Nanoscopic Friction E. Riedo

Brune, Harald

498

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform and robust nanowires. Most important, the low optical loss associated to small surface roughness and high homogeneity allows the use of nanowires for optical applications and opens the way to a host

499

May 24, 2012 OU Deploys Fastest Academic Supercomputer in Oklahoma History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in at a peak speed of roughly 109 trillion calculations per second and supports OU's research initiatives, nanotechnology, groundwater contamination, biofuels, and wireless networks, among many other areas. Henry. "We're extremely proud to expand a great tradition with this fourth generation OU IT supercomputer

Oklahoma, University of

500

Soil texture estimation over a semi-arid area using TERRASAR-X radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil texture estimation over a semi-arid area using TERRASAR-X radar data M. Zribi1 , F. Kotti1 , Z Abstract In this paper, it is proposed to use TERRASAR-X data for analysis and estimation of soil surface. Simultaneously to TERRASAR-X radar acquisitions, ground measurements (texture, soil moisture and roughness) were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de