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1

Rough Diagrams Laurent Vigneron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are not tautologies of modal logic S5. 1 Generalized Rough Sets The idea of rough set was proposed by Pawlak in 1982 [5]. The starting point of the rough set theory is the assumption that we have initially some informa have de#12;ned the notion of generalized rough sets: any topological space (X; I) with a clopen sets

Vigneron, Laurent

2

Rough Approximate Operators: Axiomatic Rough Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rough set theory, the upper and lower approximations are ... are two abstract operators acting on the power set of U, the universe of discourse. ... The proof is an easy application of point set topology. Simi...

T. Y. Lin; Qing Liu

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Elementary Rough Set Granules: Toward a Rough Set Processor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the basics of the rough set approach are presented, and an outline of ... of a simple processor is based on elementary rough set granules and dependencies between them. The rough set processor (R...

Zdzis?aw Pawlak

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Rough Ride Test Procedure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NTP005 NTP005 Revision 2 Effective December 1, 2004 Electric Vehicle Rough Road Course Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Ryan Harkins Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald B. Karner ©2004 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved Procedure ETA-NTP005 Revision 2 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Objectives 3 2.0 Purpose 3 3.0 Documentation 3 4.0 Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 4 5.0 Testing Activity Requirements 6 6.0 Glossary 12 7.0 References 14 Appendices Appendix A - Electric Vehicle Rough Road Test Data Sheet 15

5

Improvement of Information Rough Communication on Rough Set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of information rough communication based on knowledge base is proposed by Mousavi Amin, Jabedar-Maralani Parviz. In this paper, its limitation is discussed. The concept of information rough communi...

QinLi An

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

On Generalized Rough Sets (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Generalized Rough Sets (extended abstract) Anita Wasilewska Department of Computer Science State Rough Sets The idea of rough set was proposed by Pawlak in 1982 [10]. The starting point of the rough a rough set. The lower and upper approximations treated as one argument operations R and R in the ap

Vigneron, Laurent

7

COMBINATION OF ROUGH AND FUZZY SETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 COMBINATION OF ROUGH AND FUZZY SETS BASED ON -LEVEL SETS Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science set can be represented by a family of crisp sets using its -level sets, whereas a rough set can involved in the combination of rough-set and fuzzy-set models. The rough-fuzzy-set and fuzzy-rough-set

Yao, Yiyu

8

Plasma Radiation by Rough Surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent observation of a peak of scattered radiation at the plasma frequency from thin metal foils irradiated with light can be explained in terms of a small amount of surface roughness of the foils.

Edward A. Stern

1967-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

9

Disk Roughness and Defect Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Disk surface monitoring and certification refer to the testing and certification of a disk surface in terms of roughness and defect ... as well as the capability to accommodate a flying slider. It includes glide ...

Gang Sheng; Jizhong He; Shuanlin Duan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Design of Rough Neurons: Rough Set Foundation and Petri Net Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces the design of rough neurons based on rough sets. Rough neurons instantiate approximate reasoning in assessing knowledge ... to classifying inputs. The particular form of rough neuron conside...

J. F. Peters; A. Skowron; Z. Suraj; L. Han…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Rough Set Approach to KDD (Extended Abstract)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This tutorial is a survey on rough set theory and some of its applications in ... to analysis of different real life problems using rough set methods as well as the presentation of Rough Set Exploration System (R...

Hung Son Nguyen; Andrzej Skowron

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Rough Sets in Economy and Finance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Rough Set Theory makes it possible to represent and ... of the currently available literature covering applications of rough sets in the economy and finance. The classical rough set model and its important ex...

Mariusz Podsiad?o; Henryk Rybi?ski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Rough sets determined by tolerances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We show that for any tolerance R on U, the ordered sets of lower and upper rough approximations determined by R form ortholattices. These ortholattices are completely distributive, thus forming atomistic Boolean lattices, if and only if R is induced by an irredundant covering of U, and in such a case, the atoms of these Boolean lattices are described. We prove that the ordered set RS of rough sets determined by a tolerance R on U is a complete lattice if and only if it is a complete subdirect product of the complete lattices of lower and upper rough approximations. We show that R is a tolerance induced by an irredundant covering of U if and only if RS is an algebraic completely distributive lattice, and in such a situation a quasi-Nelson algebra can be defined on RS. We present necessary and sufficient conditions which guarantee that for a tolerance R on U, the ordered set RS X is a lattice for all X ? U , where R X denotes the restriction of R to the set X and RS X is the corresponding set of rough sets. We introduce the disjoint representation and the formal concept representation of rough sets, and show that they are Dedekind–MacNeille completions of RS.

Jouni Järvinen; Sándor Radeleczki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

TOPOLOGICAL AND FUZZY ROUGH SETS Department of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TOPOLOGICAL AND FUZZY ROUGH SETS T. Y. Lin Department of Mathematics and Computer Science San Jose is studied via rough sets, fuzzy sets and topological spaces (more precisely, Frechet spaces). Rough set a knowledge base [1](pp. 14). Pawlak's rough set theory can be viewed as a study of concepts or knowledge via

Lin, Tsau Young

15

Trees, rough integration and differential equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the trajectory (x,y). mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 3 / 27 #12;Trees L finite set. Trees labeled by L , TLTrees, rough integration and differential equations Massimiliano Gubinelli Laboratoire de Mathématiques Université Paris-Sud XI mg (orsay) trees, rough paths, ... 1 / 27 #12;Rough paths T. Lyons (Oxford

Gubinelli, Massimiliano

16

The Rough Set Engine GROBIAN Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Rough Set Engine GROBIAN Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software Engineering University semantische Informationsverarbeitung Universität Osnabrück Abstract Rough set analysis is a non rough set data analysis. In addition to the "traditional" procedures of rough set analysis

Düntsch, Ivo

17

Rough Set Theory: An Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rough set theory, knowledge is interpreted as an ability...a, 81b]). These objects form a set called often a universe of discourse and their nature may vary from case to case: they may be e.g. medical patients...

Prof. Dr. Lech Polkowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Rough and fuzzy-rough methods for mammographic data Neil Mac Parthalain, Richard Jensen, Qiang Shen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in- vestigates the application of a number of rough set and fuzzy-rough set techniques to mammo for classification using rough sets, and fuzzy-rough sets and applied to this mammographic data, incorporating. In section 3, the fuzzy-rough set methodology and its application to both feature selection and the nearest

Lucas, Simon M.

19

A Rough Set Paradigm for Unifying Rough Set Theory and Fuzzy Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this plenary address, we would like to discuss rough inclusions defined in Rough Mereology, a joint idea with A. ... , as a basis for common models for rough as well as fuzzy set theories. We would like to jus...

Lech Polkowski

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A New Treatment of Rough Surface Scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996 research-article A New Treatment of Rough Surface Scattering C. Macaskill P...narrow beam at a randomly rough surface where the height distribution...is Gaussian. The field at the surface is assumed to satisfy a Dirichlet...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Review of Rough Set Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since introduction of the theory of rough set in early eighties, considerable work has been ... The paper provides a review of the Pawlak rough set model and its extensions, with emphasis on ... the formulation, ...

Y. Y. Yao; S. K. M. Wong; T. Y. Lin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Rough Logic Formalism for Fuzzy Controllers: A Hard and Soft Computing View T.Y. Lin Department are the design goal. Several new applications are identified. KEYWORDS: control, fuzzy logic, modal logic, rough process, called rough logic government, is proposed. In this process, fuzzy logic is viewed

Lin, Tsau Young

23

Electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness  

SciTech Connect

We present a numerical framework to model the electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness. The three-dimensional microstructure of the rough channel is generated by a random generation-growth method with three statistical parameters to control the number density, the total volume fraction, and the anisotropy characteristics of roughness elements. The governing equations for the electrokinetic transport are solved by a high-efficiency lattice Poisson?Boltzmann method in complex geometries. The effects from the geometric characteristics of roughness on the electrokinetic transport in microchannels are therefore modeled and analyzed. For a given total roughness volume fraction, a higher number density leads to a lower fluctuation because of the random factors. The electroosmotic flow rate increases with the roughness number density nearly logarithmically for a given volume fraction of roughness but decreases with the volume fraction for a given roughness number density. When both the volume fraction and the number density of roughness are given, the electroosmotic flow rate is enhanced by the increase of the characteristic length along the external electric field direction but is reduced by that in the direction across the channel. For a given microstructure of the rough microchannel, the electroosmotic flow rate decreases with the Debye length. It is found that the shape resistance of roughness is responsible for the flow rate reduction in the rough channel compared to the smooth channel even for very thin double layers, and hence plays an important role in microchannel electroosmotic flows.

Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kang, Qinjun [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis Y.Y. Yao, Yaohua Chen Department of Computer}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract-- An important topic of rough set theory is the approximation of undefinable sets or concepts of approximation operators. In this paper, the notion of rough set approximations is introduced into formal concept

Yao, Yiyu

25

Vaguely Quantified Rough Sets Chris Cornelis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vaguely Quantified Rough Sets Chris Cornelis1 , Martine De Cock1 , and Anna Maria Radzikowska2 1@mini.pw.edu.pl Abstract. The hybridization of rough sets and fuzzy sets has focused on creating an end product they allow for gradual membership, fuzzy rough sets are still abrupt in a sense that adding or omitting

Gent, Universiteit

26

Intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets: at the cross-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U N C O R R EC TED PR O O F Intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets: at the cross- roads of imperfect: Just like rough set theory, fuzzy set theory addresses the topic of dealing with imperfect knowledge tentative definitions of the concept of an `intuitionistic fuzzy rough set' that were raised in their wake

Gent, Universiteit

27

A REVIEW OF ROUGH SET MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A REVIEW OF ROUGH SET MODELS Y.Y. Yao*, S.K.M. Wong**, and T.Y. Lin*** * Department of Computer of rough set in early eighties, considerable work has been done on the development and application of this new theory. The paper provides a review of the Pawlak rough set model and its extensions

Lin, Tsau Young

28

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek Department of Computer Science, University of Kentucky of that and related facts for the development of Rough Sets theory. 1 Introduction The goal of this note is to provide a proof of the recent statement by Liu and Zhu [2] and look at some properties of rough sets related

Marek, Victor W.

29

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis Yiyu Yao and Yaohua Chen Department of Computer}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. A basic notion shared by rough set analysis and formal concept anal- ysis is the definability to each other based on defin- ability. In this paper, the notion of rough set approximations is introduced

Yao, Yiyu

30

Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plane xd = 0, and it is rough at a scale , where is...A (2005) Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization...where S1 is a closed set in Rd such that {xd 0...is finite, then L is a set with finite perimeter...A (2005) Wetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

32

A logic for rough sets Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A logic for rough sets Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software Engineering, University of a set forms a Boolean algebra under the usual set theoretic operations, while the collection of rough that regular double Stone algebras are a class of algebras appropriate for a logic of rough sets. Using

Düntsch, Ivo

33

ROUGH AND MODAL ALGEBRAS Laurent VIGNERON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automatically by the theorem prover. 1. INTRODUCTION The theory of rough sets provides a methodological frame, and market analysis. We present here two new connections for the rough set theory. We link]) relationship between the rough sets and modal S5 logic, and hence with some topological Boolean algebras

Vigneron, Laurent

34

Textures and covering based rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces the relations between covering and dicovering in the framework of rough sets. The natural counterpart of a covering in textures is given by a family of pairs of sets which is called a dicovering. This leads us to two dual concepts ... Keywords: Covering based approximation operators, Dicovering, Rough set, Textural rough set, Texture space

Murat Diker; Ay?egül Altay U?ur

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach and Bipolar Abstract Rough Approximation Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We take into consideration Dominance-based Rough Set Approach and its recently proposed algebraic modeling...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Attribute Selection Methods in Rough Set Theory.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Attribute selection for rough sets is an NP-hard problem, in which fast heuristic algorithms are needed to find reducts. In this project, two reduct… (more)

Li, Xiaohan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Generalizing Rough Set Theory Through Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ordinal properties of data related to preferences have been taken into account in the Dominance-based Rough Set Approach (DRSA). We show that DRSA ... a very general framework in which the classical rough set app...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The evolutionary development of roughness prediction models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vigorous expansion of wind energy power generation over the last decade has also entailed innovative improvements to surface roughness prediction models applied to high-torque milling operations. Artificial neural networks are the most widely used ... Keywords: Dimensionality reduction, Genetic algorithm, High-torque milling, Surface roughness

Maciej Grzenda; Andres Bustillo

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Detonation limits in rough walled tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper reports the results of a study of detonation limits in rough tubes. Detonation velocity is measured by photodiodes and ionization probes spaced at 10 cm intervals along the length of the tube. Short lengths of smoked foils inserted into the core of the rough tube is used to register the structure of the detonation wave. Pressure transducers are also used to obtain the pressure profile. The results indicate that in rough tubes, the detonation velocity is generally much lower than the corresponding values for smooth tubes. The velocity decreases slowly at first and then more rapidly as the limit is approached. The velocity variation is generally continuous and at the limits, the failure velocity is of the order of about 0.4 V CJ for all cases. The detonation limits in rough tubes are found to be wider than for a smooth tube. This indicates that the turbulence generated by the wall roughness facilitates the propagation of the detonation and extends the limits. Smoked foil records show that in the core of the rough tube the detonation front has a cellular structure corresponding to the usual cellular structure due to instability of the detonation. Thus the intrinsic unstable cellular structure is quite robust and retains its global characteristics in spite of the large perturbations generated by the rough wall. The detonation in the core of the rough tube goes from multi-headed to single headed as the limit is approached. Past the single headed spin, the low velocity detonation has no cellular structure but consists of interacting weak transverse waves from the rough wall. The averaged pressure of the low velocity detonation front corresponds to about the constant volume explosion pressure, in accord with the velocity of the low velocity detonation.

Amanda Starr; John H.S. Lee; Hoi Dick Ng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

TUNING ROUGH CONTROLLERS BY GENETIC ALGORITHMS Teresa Chiu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rough sets, rough logic, and evolutionary computing. Rough logic government starts with a symbolic model]. It is a variant of classical fuzzy controller that integrates rough sets, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithm) at the front, we add rough set methodology to extract linguistic rules from a set of ``training data,'' (2

Lin, Tsau Young

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Rough Truth, Consequence, Consistency and Belief Revision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article aims at re-visiting the notion of rough truth...proposed by Pawlak in 1987 [11] and investigating some of its ‘logical’ consequences. We focus on the formal deductive apparatus... ...

Mohua Banerjee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Measuring the Surface Roughness of Stream Stones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the fine-scale heterogeneity of stones and other substrates is a challenge for benthic ecologists. I describe a method for measuring the roughness of stones that is based on the ratio of two surface ...

Elizabeth A. Bergey

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Rough surface reconstruction for ultrasonic NDE simulation  

SciTech Connect

The reflection of ultrasound from rough surfaces is an important topic for the NDE of safety-critical components, such as pressure-containing components in power stations. The specular reflection from a rough surface of a defect is normally lower than it would be from a flat surface, so it is typical to apply a safety factor in order that justification cases for inspection planning are conservative. The study of the statistics of the rough surfaces that might be expected in candidate defects according to materials and loading, and the reflections from them, can be useful to develop arguments for realistic safety factors. This paper presents a study of real rough crack surfaces that are representative of the potential defects in pressure-containing power plant. Two-dimensional (area) values of the height of the roughness have been measured and their statistics analysed. Then a means to reconstruct model cases with similar statistics, so as to enable the creation of multiple realistic realizations of the surfaces, has been investigated, using random field theory. Rough surfaces are reconstructed, based on a real surface, and results for these two-dimensional descriptions of the original surface have been compared with those from the conventional model based on a one-dimensional correlation coefficient function. In addition, ultrasonic reflections from them are simulated using a finite element method.

Choi, Wonjae; Shi, Fan; Lowe, Michael J. S. [UK Research Centre in NDE, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Skelton, Elizabeth A.; Craster, Richard V. [Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

Perturbative Roughness Corrections to Electromagnetic Casimir Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perturbative corrections to the Casimir free energy due to macroscopic roughness of dielectric interfaces are obtained in the framework of an effective low-energy field theory. It describes the interaction of electromagnetic fields with materials whose plasma frequency $\\omega_p$ determines the low-energy scale. The na\\"ive perturbative expansion of the single-interface scattering matrix in the variance of the profile is sensitive to short wavelength components of the roughness correlation function. We introduce generalized counter terms that subtract and correct these high-momentum contributions to the loop expansion. To leading order the counter terms are determined by the phenomenological plasmon model. The latter is found to be consistent with the low-energy description. The proximity force approximation is recovered in the limit of long correlation length and gives the upper limit for the roughness correction to the Casimir force. The renormalized low-energy theory is insensitive to the high-momentum behavior of the roughness correlation function. Predictions of the improved theory are compared with those of the unrenormalized model and with experiment. The Casimir interaction of interfaces with low levels of roughness is found to be well reproduced by that of flat parallel plates with the measured reflection coefficients at a distance that is slightly less than the mean separation of the rough surfaces.

Hua Yao Wu; Martin Schaden

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

45

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requires a training set to categorize rough terrain andis rough and what is not by driving over the training set.obstacles and rough. Within the crater data set, PTA detects

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide Membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Computer Simulation of Uranyl Uptake by the Rough Lipopolysaccharide...

47

Implementing algorithms of rough set theory and fuzzy rough set theory in the R package “RoughSets”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The package RoughSets, written mainly in the R language, provides implementations of methods from the rough set theory (RST) and fuzzy rough set theory (FRST) for data modeling and analysis. It considers not only fundamental concepts (e.g., indiscernibility relations, lower/upper approximations, etc.), but also their applications in many tasks: discretization, feature selection, instance selection, rule induction, and nearest neighbor-based classifiers. The package architecture and examples are presented in order to introduce it to researchers and practitioners. Researchers can build new models by defining custom functions as parameters, and practitioners are able to perform analysis and prediction of their data using available algorithms. Additionally, we provide a review and comparison of well-known software packages. Overall, our package should be considered as an alternative software library for analyzing data based on RST and FRST.

Lala Septem Riza; Andrzej Janusz; Christoph Bergmeir; Chris Cornelis; Francisco Herrera; Dominik ?le¸zak; José Manuel Benítez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

ROUGHNESS LENGTHS FOR THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect

Surface roughness values for the areas surrounding the H, D and N-Area meteorological towers were computed from archived 2010 meteorological data. These 15-minute-averaged data were measured with cup anemometers and bidirectional wind vanes (bivanes) 61 m above the surface. The results of the roughness calculation using the standard deviation of elevation angle {sigma}{sub E}, and applying the simple formula based on tree canopy height, gave consistent estimates for roughness around the H-Area tower in the range of 1.76 to 1.86 m (95% confidence interval) with a mean value of 1.81 m. Application of the {sigma}{sub E} method for the 61-m level at D and N-Areas gave mean values of 1.71 and 1.81 with confidence ranges of 1.62-1.81 and 1.73-1.88 meters, respectively. Roughness results are azimuth dependent, and thus are presented as averages over compass sectors spanning 22.5 degrees. Calculated values were compared to other methods of determining roughness, including the standard deviation of the azimuth direction, {sigma}{sub A}, and standard deviation of the wind speed, {sigma}{sub U}. Additional data was obtained from a sonic anemometer at 61-m on the H-Area tower during a period of a few weeks in 2010. Results from the sonic anemometer support our use of {sigma}{sub E} to calculate roughness. Based on the H-Area tower results, a surface roughness of 1.8 m using is recommended for use in dispersion modeling applications that consider the impacts of a contaminant release to individuals along the Site boundary. The canopy surrounding the H-Area tower is relatively uniform (i.e., little variance in roughness by upwind direction), and data supplied by the U.S. Forest Service at Savannah River show that the canopy height and composition surrounding the H-Area tower is reasonably representative of forested areas throughout the SRS reservation. For dispersion modeling analyses requiring assessments of a co-located worker within the respective operations area, recommended area-specific values range from 0.3 m for E Area to 0.7 m for A Area at the Savannah River National Laboratory. These area-specific values, summarized in Table 4-1, were determined using the Environmental Protection Agency's AERSURFACE computer algorithm.

Hunter, C.

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

49

Probabilistic Rough Set Approximations Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic Rough Set Approximations Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao Department of Computer Science University have been applied to the theory of rough set in sev- eral forms, including decision-theoretic analysis and rough inclusion functions, we revisit probabilistic rough set approximation operators and present

Yao, Yiyu

50

Web-based Support Systems with Rough Set Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web-based Support Systems with Rough Set Analysis JingTao Yao Joseph P. Herbert Department. The applications of rough set analysis for WSS is looked at in this article. In particular, our focus of the challenges of using rough sets in a WMSS and detail some of the applications of rough sets in analyzing

Yao, JingTao

51

Fuzzy-Rough Nearest Neighbour Classification Richard Jensen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as with the recently intro- duced vaguely quantified rough sets. Preliminary results are very good, and in general FRNN] and rough sets [18] is representative of this. The success of rough set theory is due in part to three on a particular domain. Thirdly, it finds a minimal knowledge representation for data. As rough set theory handles

Gent, Universiteit

52

Fuzzy-Rough Instance Selection Richard Jensen and Chris Cornelis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy-Rough Instance Selection Richard Jensen and Chris Cornelis Abstract-- Rough set theory. Recently, the value of fuzzy-rough sets for feature selection and rule induction has been established proposes three novel methods for instance selection based on fuzzy-rough sets. The initial experimentation

Gent, Universiteit

53

Rough operations on Boolean algebras Guilin Qi and Weiru Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Rough operations; Uncertainty measures 1 Introduction Rough set theory was introduced by Pawlak [16] to generalize the classical set theory. In rough set theory, given an equivalence relation on a universe, we can is corresponding to the equivalence relation [11]. In [14,15], Yao generalized rough set theory by generalizing

Liu, Weiru

54

Decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set model and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article investigates the rough approximation of a fuzzy concept on a probabilistic approximation space. We propose the probabilistic rough fuzzy set by defining the conditional probability of a fuzzy event. Then we establish the model of probabilistic rough fuzzy set and discuss several properties in detail. Furthermore, three generalizations of probabilistic rough fuzzy set, namely, 0.5-probabilistic rough fuzzy set, variable precision probabilistic rough fuzzy set and Bayesian rough fuzzy set are reported. In order to give a systematic method of selecting parameters for the probabilistic rough fuzzy set, we propose a decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set. That is, we formulate a non-parametric definition of the probabilistic rough fuzzy set. Moreover, we illustrate the motivation and verify the validity of the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set by using a credit card applicant decision-making problem. Furthermore, the interrelationship between the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set and the probabilistic rough fuzzy set is explained. The main contribution of this paper is twofold. One is to extend the probabilistic rough set to fuzzy environment, i.e., the probabilistic rough fuzzy set model. Another is to present an approach to select parameters needed in probabilistic rough fuzzy set modeling by using the process of decision-making under conditions of risk.

Bingzhen Sun; Weimin Ma; Haiyan Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Naive Bayesian Rough Sets Yiyu Yao and Bing Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Naive Bayesian Rough Sets Yiyu Yao and Bing Zhou Department of Computer Science, University assumptions, which is often used for ranking or constructing a binary classifier. The theory of rough sets decision-theoretic rough set model, or simply a naive Bayesian rough set (NBRS) model, to integrate

Yao, Yiyu

56

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameterizing energy conversion on rough topography using bottom pressure sensors to measure form and mixing U0 Form drag pressure Tidal energy conversion Form drag causes: - internal wave generation - eddy Sound, WA Point Three Tree Previous work McCabe et al., 2006 > Measured the internal form drag

Warner, Sally

57

Loan payment prediction using rough sets  

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In small business loans, there is always a risk for nonpayment or non-refunding of loans though very detailed examinations are made about the company. In this study, behaviors that increase the risk in loans or causing non-refunding are tried to be determined ... Keywords: classification, loan payment failure, prediction, rough sets

Bahadtin Ruzgar; Nursel Selver Ruzgar

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Formal Concept Analysis Based on Rough Set Theory and a Construction Algorithm of Rough Concept Lattice  

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FCA(Formal Concept Analysis), which is accurate and complete in knowledge representation, is an effective tool for data analysis and knowledge discovery. A new lattice structure named RCL (Rough Concept Lattice) ...

Haifeng Yang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Rough Mereological Reasoning in Rough Set Theory: Recent Results and Problems  

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This article comes up a couple of months after the death of Professor Zdzis?aw Pawlak who created in 1982 the theory of rough sets as a vehicle to carry out Concept...

Lech Polkowski

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Correlating toughness and roughness in ductile fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three dimensional calculations of ductile crack growth under mode I plane strain, small scale yielding conditions are carried out using an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation for a progres- sively cavitating plastic solid with two populations of void nucleating second phase particles. Full field solutions are obtained for three dimensional material microstructures characterized by ran- dom distributions of void nucleating particles. Crack growth resistance curves and fracture surface roughness statistics are calculated using standard procedures. The range of void nucleating particle volume fractions considered give rise to values of toughness, JIC, that vary by a factor of four. For all volume fractions considered, the computed fracture surfaces are self-affine over a size range of about two orders of magnitude with a roughness exponent of 0.54 $\\pm$ 0.03. For small void nucleating particle volume fractions, the mean large particle spacing serves as a single dominant length scale. In this regime, the c...

Ponson, Laurent; Osovski, Shmulik; Bouchaud, Elisabeth; Tvergaard, Viggo; Needleman, Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Smith-Purcell Radiation from Rough Surfaces  

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Radiation of a charged particle moving parallel to a inhomogeneous surface is considered. Within a single formalism periodic and random gratings are examined. For the periodically inhomogeneous surface we derive new expressions for the dispersion relation and the spectral-angular intensity. In particular, for a given observation direction two wavelengths are emitted instead of one wavelength of the standard Smith-Purcell effect. For a rough surface we show that the main contribution to the radiation intensity is given by surface polaritons induced on the interface between two media. These polaritons are multiply scattered on the roughness of surface and convert into real photons. The spectral-angular intensity is calculated and its dependence on different parameters is revealed.

Gevorkian, Zh S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

On multi-granulation covering rough sets  

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Abstract Recently, much attention has been given to multi-granulation rough sets (MGRS) and different kinds of multi-granulation rough set models have been developed from various viewpoints. In this paper, we propose four types of multi-granulation covering rough set (MGCRS) models under covering approximation space, where a target concept is approximated by employing the maximal or minimal descriptors of objects in a given universe of discourse U. And then, we investigate a number of basic properties of the four types of MGCRS models, and discuss the relationships and differences among the classical MGRS model and our MGCRS models. Moreover, the conditions for two distinct MGCRS models which produce identical lower and upper approximations of a target concept in a covering approximation space are also studied. Finally, the relationships among the four types of MGCRS models are explored. We find that for any subset X ? U , the lower approximations of X and the upper approximations of X under the four types of MGCRS models can construct a lattice, if we consider the binary relation of inclusion.

Caihui Liu; Duoqian Miao; Jin Qian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Decision-theoretic Rough Sets and Beyond Zdzislaw Pawlak introduced rough sets 30 years ago as a theory for data analysis and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-theoretic Rough Sets and Beyond Zdzislaw Pawlak introduced rough sets 30 years ago as a theory for data analysis and classification. Rough. Fundamental notions of rough sets are knowledge granulation induced by grouping objects

Yao, JingTao

64

Research on Rough Set Theory and Applications in China  

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This article gives a capsule view of research on rough set theory and applications ongoing at universities and ... China. Included in this capsule view of rough set research is a brief description of the followin...

Guoyin Wang; Qinghua Zhang; Houkuan Huang; Dongyi Ye…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

On the Climate Impact of Surface Roughness Anomalies  

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Large-scale deployment of wind power may alter climate through alteration of surface roughness. Previous research using GCMs has shown large-scale impacts of surface roughness perturbations but failed to elucidate the dynamic mechanisms that ...

Daniel B. Kirk-Davidoff; David W. Keith

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Diffuse scattering of hard x rays from rough surfaces  

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The diffuse scattering of hard x rays from rough solid surfaces has been measured and described quantitatively in terms of an improved distorted-wave Born approximation. The rough surface is characterized by the rms roughness ?, the height-height correlation length ?, and the roughness exponent h. The value for ? is in excellent agreement with that deduced from reflectivity. The significance of the parameters ?, ?, and h is tested by comparison with the results obtained from scanning force mircoscopy.

Wolfgang Weber and Bruno Lengeler

1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Rough-Fuzzy MLP: Modular Evolution, Rule Generation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they are integrated and evolved. Rough set dependency rules are generated directly from the real valued attribute Terms--Soft computing, knowledge-based fuzzy networks, rough sets, genetic algorithms, pattern efficient systems in soft computing paradigm. Recently, the theory of rough sets [2], [3] has emerged

Mitra, Sushmita

68

ROUGH EVOLUTION EQUATIONS MASSIMILIANO GUBINELLI AND SAMY TINDEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with respect to [12], and set the basis of a real rough path expansion in order to define and solve equation (2ROUGH EVOLUTION EQUATIONS MASSIMILIANO GUBINELLI AND SAMY TINDEL Abstract. We show how to generalize Lyons' rough paths theory in order to give a pathwise meaning to some non-linear infinite

Tindel, Samy - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

69

ROUGH SET APPROXIMATIONS: A CONCEPT ANALYSIS POINT OF VIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUGH SET APPROXIMATIONS: A CONCEPT ANALYSIS POINT OF VIEW Yiyu Yao University of Regina, Regina and content of data, definable concepts, lower and upper ap- proximations, rough set approximations Contents 1. Conclusion Bibliography Biographical Sketches Summary Rough set theory was proposed by Pawlak for analyzing

Yao, Yiyu

70

A study of the rough set for image understanding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the rough set approach for image understanding by Peter Golibrzuch Supervisor: Prof. Dr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Rough Sets 15 3.1 Classical Set Theory and Rough Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2 Information Systems

71

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis and Knowledge Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Approximations in Formal Concept Analysis and Knowledge Spaces Feifei Xu1,2 , Yiyu Yao2 a generalized definition of rough set approximations, based on a subsystem of subsets of a universe. The sub set approximations. 1 Introduction Rough set theory [6, 7] is an extension of the set theory with two

Yao, Yiyu

72

Probabilistic Approaches to Rough Sets Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic Approaches to Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science University of Regina reviews probabilistic approaches to rough sets in gran- ulation, approximation, and rule induction and probabilistic rough set approximations are studied. The probabilistic approximations are defined in a decision

Yao, Yiyu

73

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Sets and Matroids Victor W. Marek1 and Andrzej Skowron2 1 Department of Computer Science and Zhu [2] and discuss some consequences of that and related facts for the development of rough set theory. Key words: rough set, matroid 1 Introduction The goal of this note is to provide a proof

Marek, Victor W.

74

Relational Interpretations of Neighborhood Operators Rough Set Approximation Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relational Interpretations of Neighborhood Operators and Rough Set Approximation Operators Y.Y. Yao and rough set approximations using the more familiar notion of binary relations. A special class of neigh sets, partitions, coverings. 1 INTRODUCTION The theory of rough sets is motivated by practical needs

Yao, Yiyu

75

Generalized Rough Set Models Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized Rough Set Models Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science Lakehead University Thunder the rough set theory in early eighties, many proposals have been made for generalizing and interpreting rough sets [3, 4, 19, 27, 37, 38, 39, 46, 47, 51, 52, 54, 55, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 83, 92

Yao, Yiyu

76

Scattering by infinite one-dimensional rough surfaces  

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...wave scattering by infinite rough surfaces and interfaces (see...but only if we assume that the rough surface approaches a flat boundary...plane-wave incidence), if our rough surface is periodic and the...we denote by BC(V ) the set of functions bounded and continuous...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Attribute Reduction in Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attribute Reduction in Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Yiyu Yao, Yan Zhao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4S 0A2 Abstract Rough set theory can, and interpreted by, a decision-theoretic model, which is a probabilistic extension of the Pawlak rough set model

Yao, Yiyu

78

Spinning rough disc moving in a rarefied medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...body under consideration is a rough disc, that is, a set obtained from a circle by...Triangular cavity. The sets B m representing the rough disc B are regular m-gons...2009 bBilliard scattering on rough sets:two-dimensional caseSIAM...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING. AURÃ?LIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal with Volterra equations driven by rough paths. For an arbitrary positive constant T, this kind of equation can

Tindel, Samy - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

80

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING AUR´ELIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal with H equations driven by rough paths. For an arbitrary positive constant T, this kind of equation can be written

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A New Approach to Fuzzy-Rough Nearest Neighbour Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-norm), as well as with the recently introduced vaguely quantified rough sets. Preliminary results are very good- gredients of rough set theory, i.e., lower and upper approximation. In this paper, therefore, we present, including the traditional implicator/t-norm based model [13], as well as the vaguely quantified rough set

Gent, Universiteit

82

Rough Set Approximation Framework for Smarter Vertical Handovers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Rough Set Approximation Framework for Smarter Vertical Handovers Nalin ChakooO, Saewoong to support seamless mobility. In this paper, we propose rough set based decision framework for vertical handoff in heterogeneous networks. We apply fuzzy decision to fuzzy-rough set which gives us the advantage

Bahk, Saewoong

83

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning Optimal Parameters in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. A game-theoretic approach for learning optimal parameter values for probabilistic rough set. The decision-theoretic rough set model acquires initial values for these parameters through a combination

Yao, JingTao

84

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUGH VOLTERRA EQUATIONS 1: THE ALGEBRAIC INTEGRATION SETTING. AURÃ?LIEN DEYA AND SAMY TINDEL, the main dierence between classical dierential equations driven by rough signals and our Volterra setting of the rough path theory called algebraic integration. In the Young case, that is for a driving signal

Deya, Aurélien - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

85

An Incremental, Probabilistic Rough Set Approach to Rule Discovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 An Incremental, Probabilistic Rough Set Approach to Rule Discovery Ning Zhong, Ju­Zhen Dong, Setsuo Ohsuga, Tsau Young Lin Abstract--- This paper introduces an incremental, proba­ bilistic rough set. The approach is based on the combination of Generaliza­ tion Distribution Table (GDT) and the rough set

Lin, Tsau Young

86

Fuzzy Rough Sets: from Theory into Practice Chris Cornelis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy Rough Sets: from Theory into Practice Chris Cornelis1 , Martine De Cock1 , Anna Maria 1, 00-661 Warsaw, Poland annrad@mini.pw.edu.pl Abstract Fuzzy sets and rough sets address two], 1965), as well as the slightly younger rough sets (Pawlak [23], 1982), have left an important mark

Gent, Universiteit

87

Bounds on the electrical resistance between contacting elastic rough bodies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...conductance for the rough contact problem...be restricted to a set of microscopic `actual...comprises an in nite set of highly clustered...of indentation of a rough surface. These bounds...Consequences for fractal rough surfaces The bounds...comprises an in nite set of point contacts...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values Y.Y. Yao Department2 E-mail: wong@cs.uregina.ca abstract The notion of rough sets is generalized by using an arbitrary attribute values. The adoption of other types of relations enables us to define various classes of rough set

Yao, Yiyu

89

Using Rough Sets Theory to predict German Word Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Rough Sets Theory to predict German Word Stress Stefan Rapp Michael Jessen Grzegorz Dogil 14 Rough Set Theory [Paw82, Paw91] is a framework for reasonably deal­ ing with imprecise or uncertain data application of a Rough Set based machine learning algorithm is presented that can predict german word stress

Reyle, Uwe

90

Fuzzy Rough Positive Region based Nearest Neighbour Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Wales, UK Email: rkj@aber.ac.uk Abstract--This paper proposes a classifier that uses fuzzy rough set fuzzy rough set theory to improve the FNN algorithm have some shortcomings and we overcome them by using vaguely quantified rough sets (VQRSs, [7]). In this paper, we show that FRNN only takes into account one

Gent, Universiteit

91

Multi-Adjoint Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelisa,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-Adjoint Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelisa,1 , Jes´us Medinab,2 , Nele Verbiesta a Department/t-norm based fuzzy rough set model based on a family of adjoint pairs. Rather than using a fixed implicator use in data reduction. 1. Introduction Fuzzy sets and rough sets model two complementary

Gent, Universiteit

92

Uncertainty measures of rough set prediction Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainty measures of rough set prediction Ivo Düntsch School of Information and Software in rough set data analysis, the approximation quality, is of limited value when there is a choice of competing models for predicting a decision variable. In keeping within the rough set philosophy of non

Düntsch, Ivo

93

Statistical Evaluation of Rough Set Dependency Analysis Ivo Dntsch1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Evaluation of Rough Set Dependency Analysis Ivo Düntsch1 School of Information authorship implied #12;Summary Rough set data analysis (RSDA) has recently become a frequently studied databases; it is, however, not clear from within the methods of rough set analysis, whether the extracted

Düntsch, Ivo

94

Rough Sets, Kernel Set, and Spatiotemporal Outlier Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Sets, Kernel Set, and Spatiotemporal Outlier Detection Alessia Albanese, Member, IEEE, Sankar with the outlier detection problem in spatiotemporal data and describe a rough set approach that finds the top outliers in an unlabeled spatiotemporal data set. The proposed method, called Rough Outlier Set Extraction

Pal, Sankar Kumar

95

Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation Sankar K. Pal, Fellow, IEEE, and Pabitra a fuzzy granulation of the feature space. Rough set theory is used to obtain dependency rules which model-life data sets. Index Terms--Case-based reasoning, linguistic representation, rough dependency rules

Mitra, Pabitra

96

Theory of free surface flow over rough seeping beds  

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...horizontal bed is assumed to be rough consisting of sediment...the other hand, in the rough flow regime (Re *70...the introduction, the set of equations (3.2...turbulent flow over a rough planar sand bed. The...The flow conditions were set in such a way that sediment...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Constructive and Algebraic Methods of the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constructive and Algebraic Methods of the Theory of Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer@flash.lakeheadu.ca This paper reviews and compares constructive and algebraic approaches in the study of rough sets operators using the binary relation. Different classes of rough set algebras are obtained from different

Yao, Yiyu

98

Surface roughness of anodized titanium coatings.  

SciTech Connect

Samples of grade five 6Al4V titanium alloy were coated with two commercial fluoropolymer anodizations (Tiodize and Canadize) and compared. Neither coating demonstrates significant outgassing. The coatings show very similar elemental analysis, except for the presence of lead in the Canadize coating, which may account for its lower surface friction in humid environments. Surface roughness has been compared by SEM, contact profilometry, optical profilometry, power spectral density and bidirectional scattering distribution function (BSDF). The Tiodize film is slightly smoother by all measurement methods, but the Canadize film shows slightly less scatter at all angles of incidence. Both films exhibited initial friction coefficients of 0.2 to 0.4, increasing to 0.4 to 0.8 after 1000 cycles of sliding due to wear of the coating and ball. The coatings are very similar and should behave identically in most applications.

Dugger, Michael Thomas; Chinn, Douglas Alan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A minimal axiom group for rough set based on quasi-ordering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set axiomatization is one aspect of rough set study to characterize rough set theory using dependable and minimal axiom groups. Thus, rough set theory can be studied by logic and axiom system methods. The c...

Jian-hua Dai; Wei-dong Chen; Yun-he Pan

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Improving the Scalability of Reduct Determination in Rough Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rough Set Data Analysis (RSDA) is a non-invasive data analysis approach that solely relies on the data to find patterns and decision rules. Despite its… (more)

Mahmood, Shahid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Algebraic approach to dependency of knowledge on rough set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The explosion of knowledge crops up embarrassing situations for the human beings to advance the research work in respect of comprehending uncertainty. A number of critical studies by the researchers had developed new theories and models in the past decades about roughness and fuzziness of the objects. Rough set and intuitionistic fuzzy set are some advancing theories which help the quest of dealing with vagueness and uncertainty. The present paper aims at drawing rough set and intuitionistic fuzzy sets together for establishing a new concept of rough intuitionistic fuzzy set in algebraic method where core and dependency of knowledge has been re-conceptualised for a boarder perspective.

Debadutta Mohanty

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metal/insulator Interfaces...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work Function. Effects of Atomic Scale Roughness at Metalinsulator Interfaces on Metal Work Function. Abstract: We evaluate the performance of different van der Waals (vdW)...

103

Rough surface mitigates electron and gas emission  

SciTech Connect

Heavy-ion beams impinging on surfaces near grazing incidence (to simulate the loss of halo ions) generate copious amounts of electrons and gas that can degrade the beam. We measured emission coefficients of {eta}{sub e} {le} 130 and {eta}{sub 0} {approx} 10{sup 4} respectively, with 1 MeV K{sup +} incident on stainless steel. Electron emission scales as {eta}{sub e} {proportional_to} 1/cos({theta}), where {theta} is the ion angle of incidence relative to normal. If we were to roughen a surface by blasting it with glass beads, then ions that were near grazing incidence (90{sup o}) on smooth surface would strike the rims of the micro-craters at angles closer to normal incidence. This should reduce the electron emission: the factor of 10 reduction, Fig. 1(a), implies an average angle of incidence of 62{sup o}. Gas desorption varies more slowly with {theta} (Fig. 1(b)) decreasing a factor of {approx}2, and along with the electron emission is independent of the angle of incidence on a rough surface. In a quadrupole magnet, electrons emitted by lost primary ions are trapped near the wall by the magnetic field, but grazing incidence ions can backscatter and strike the wall a second time at an azimuth where magnetic field lines intercept the beam. Then, electrons can exist throughout the beam (see the simulations of Cohen, HIF News 1-2/04). The SRIM (TRIM) Monte Carlo code predicts that 60-70% of 1 MeV K{sup +} ions backscatter when incident at 88-89{sup o} from normal on a smooth surface. The scattered ions are mostly within {approx}10{sup o} of the initial direction but a few scatter by up to 90{sup o}. Ion scattering decreases rapidly away from grazing incidence, Fig. 1(c ). At 62 deg. the predicted ion backscattering (from a rough surface) is 3%, down a factor of 20 from the peak, which should significantly reduce electrons in the beam from lost halo ions. These results are published in Phys. Rev. ST - Accelerators and Beams.

Molvik, A

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

104

Counterintuitive MCNPX Results for Scintillator Surface Roughness Effect  

SciTech Connect

We have reported on our recent MCNPX simulation results of energy deposition for a group of 8 scintillation detectors, coupled with various rough surface patterns. The MCNPX results generally favored the detectors with various rough surface patterns. The observed MCNPX results are not fully explained by this work.

None

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

105

Integrating rough set and genetic algorithm for negative rule extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rule extraction is an important issue in data mining field. In this paper, we study the extraction problem for the complete negative rules of the form ¬R ? ¬D. By integrating rough set theory and genetic algorithm, we propose ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, negative rule, rough sets, rule extraction

Junyu Liu; Yubao Liu; Yan Long

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Discovering Concurrent Process Models in Data: A Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the lecture is to provide a survey of state of the art related to a research direction concerning relationships between rough set theory and concurrency in the context of process mining in data. The main goal of this review is the general ... Keywords: Knowledge discovery, Petri nets, concurrent systems, data mining, process mining, rough sets

Zbigniew Suraj

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sébastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwénaëlle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

108

Transport Theory for Shallow Water Propagation with Rough Boundaries  

SciTech Connect

At frequencies of about 1 kHz and higher, forward scattering from a rough sea surface (and/or a rough bottom) can strongly affect shallow water propagation and reverberation. The need exists for a fast, yet accurate method for modeling such propagation where multiple forward scattering occurs. A transport theory method based on mode coupling is described that yields the first and second moments of the field. This approach shows promise for accurately treating multiple forward scattering in one-way propagation. The method is presently formulated in two space dimensions, and Monte-Carlo rough surface PE simulations are used for assessing the accuracy of transport theory results.

Thorsos, Eric I.; Henyey, Frank S.; Elam, W. T.; Hefner, Brian T.; Reynolds, Stephen A.; Yang Jie [Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, 1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, WA 98105 (United States)

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

109

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Generalized Infinitive Rough Sets Based on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Generalized Infinitive Rough Sets Based propose equivalent form of lower and upper approximations in binary relational rough set model in ways variable precision rough set model to variable precision binary relational rough set model. Index Terms-rough

Lin, Tsau Young

110

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Title Dark spot formation relative to ITO surface roughness for polyfluorene devices Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2004 Authors Liu, Gao, John B. Kerr, and Stephen G. Johnson Journal Synthetic Metals Volume 144 Pagination 1-6 Keywords dark spot, failure mechanism, interface, ito surface, oled Abstract The failure behaviors of ITO/PEDOT;PSS/polyfluorene/Al devices are different depending on the surface roughness of the sputtered ITO anode film. The spikes on ITO surface are responsible for the initial local shorts of the device, which develop into dark spots very quickly. Indium adsorption is observed on the polymer and Al cathode interface. A chemical etching procedure is used to smoothen the ITO surface without changing the ITO thickness and the sheet resistance. Devices made out of smooth ITO show minimum changes at polymer-cathode interface during operation.

111

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

112

Influence of surface roughness and waviness upon thermal contact resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work deals with the phenomenon of thermal resistance between contacting solids. Attention is directed towards contiguous solids possessing both surface roughness and waviness. When two such surfaces are brought together ...

Yovanovich, M. Michael

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Ice friction: The effects of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity  

SciTech Connect

The effect of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity on ice friction is studied systematically over a wide range of temperature and sliding speeds using several metallic interfaces. Hydrophobicity in combination with controlled roughness at the nanoscale is achieved by femtosecond laser irradiation to mimic the lotus effect on the slider's surface. The controlled roughness significantly increases the coefficient of friction at low sliding speeds and temperatures well below the ice melting point. However, at temperatures close to the melting point and relatively higher speeds, roughness and hydrophobicity significantly decrease ice friction. This decrease in friction is mainly due to the suppression of capillary bridges in spite of the presence of surface asperities that facilitate their formation. Finally, grooves oriented in the sliding direction also significantly decrease friction in the low velocity range compared to scratches and grooves randomly distributed over a surface.

Kietzig, Anne-Marie; Hatzikiriakos, Savvas G.; Englezos, Peter [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3 (Canada)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Hardware Accelerator Design Based on Rough Set Philosophy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a design of hardware accelerator for algorithms of rough set theory. A hardware implementation of incremental reduct ... becomes more visible when dealing with larger data sets.

K. S. Tiwari; A. G. Kothari…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Discovering Concurrent Process Models in Data: A Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of the lecture is to provide a survey of state of the art related to a research direction concerning relationships between rough set theory and concurrency in the context of process mining in data. The...

Zbigniew Suraj

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROPAGATION OF SINGULARITIES FOR ROUGH METRICS HART F. SMITH Abstract. We use a wave packet the Simons Foundation (# 266371 to Hart Smith). 1 #12;2 HART F. SMITH H¨ormander's theorem [9] on propagation

Smith, Hart F.

117

Effect of Surface Roughness on Wind Turbine Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind farm operators observe production deficits as machines age. Quantifying deterioration on individual components is difficult, but one potential explanation is accumulation of blade surface roughness. Historically, wind turbine airfoils were...

Ehrmann, Robert Schaefer

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Effect of surface roughness and adsorbates on superlubricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the sliding of elastic solids in adhesive contact with flat and rough interfaces. We consider the dependence of the sliding friction on the elastic modulus of the solids. For elastically hard solids with planar surfaces with incommensurate surface structures we observe extremely low friction (superlubricity), which very abruptly increases as the elastic modulus decreases. We show that even a relatively small surface roughness or a low concentration of adsorbates may completely kill the superlubricity state.

V. N. Samoilov; C. Yang; U. Tartaglino; B. N. J. Persson

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach as a Proper Way of Handling Graduality in Rough Set Theory  

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Referring to some ideas of Leibniz, Frege, Boole and ?ukasie-wicz, we represent fundamental concepts of rough set theory in terms of a generalization that ... permits to deal with the graduality of fuzzy sets. Ou...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo; Roman S?owi?ski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

On Asymptotic Properties of Rough— Set— Theoretic Approximations. Fractal Dimension, Exact Sets, and Rough Inclusion in Potentially Infinite Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We look at asymptotic properties of rough set approximations exploiting them to three-fold purpose ... , to define the notion of an exact set in infinite information system to the result that so defined exact sets

Lech Polkowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Game-theoretic rough sets for recommender systems  

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Abstract Recommender systems guide their users in decisions related to personal tastes and choices. The rough set theory can be considered as a useful tool for predicting recommendations in recommender systems. We examine two properties of recommendations with rough sets. The first property refers to accuracy or appropriateness of recommendations and the second property highlights the generality or coverage of recommendations. Making highly accurate recommendations for majority of the users is a major hindrance in achieving high quality performance for recommender systems. In the probabilistic rough set models, these two properties are controlled by thresholds ( ? , ? ) . One of the research issues is to determine effective values of these thresholds based on the two considered properties. We apply the game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) model to obtain suitable values of these thresholds by implementing a game for determining a trade-off and balanced solution between accuracy and generality. Experimental results on movielen dataset suggest that the GTRS improves the two properties of recommendations leading to better overall performance compared to the Pawlak rough set model.

Nouman Azam; JingTao Yao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

An improved attribute reduction scheme with covering based rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Attribute reduction is viewed as an important preprocessing step for pattern recognition and data mining. Most of researches are focused on attribute reduction by using rough sets. Recently, Tsang et al. discussed attribute reduction with covering rough sets in the paper (Tsang et al., 2008), where an approach based on discernibility matrix was presented to compute all attribute reducts. In this paper, we provide a new method for constructing simpler discernibility matrix with covering based rough sets, and improve some characterizations of attribute reduction provided by Tsang et al. It is proved that the improved discernibility matrix is equivalent to the old one, but the computational complexity of discernibility matrix is relatively reduced. Then we further study attribute reduction in decision tables based on a different strategy of identifying objects. Finally, the proposed reduction method is compared with some existing feature selection methods by numerical experiments and the experimental results show that the proposed reduction method is efficient and effective.

Changzhong Wang; Mingwen Shao; Baiqing Sun; Qinghua Hu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Generalisation of rough set for rule induction in incomplete system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set models based on the tolerance and similarity relations, have been widely used to deal with incomplete information systems. However, tolerance and similarity relations have their own limitations because the former is too loose while the latter is too strict in classification analysis. To make a reasonable and flexible classification in incomplete information system, a new binary relation is proposed in this paper. Such binary relation is only reflexive and it is a generalisation of tolerance and similarity relations. Furthermore, rough set models based on the above three different binary relations are compared. Finally, the direct approach to rules induction is investigated by using the proposed rough set, some illustrative examples are analysed to substantiate the conceptual arguments.

Xibei Yang; Xiaoning Song; Xiaohua Hu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Inhomogeneous Cooling of the Rough Granular Gas in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inhomogeneous clustered regime of a freely cooling granular gas of rough particles in two dimensions using large-scale event driven simulations and scaling arguments. During collisions, rough particles dissipate energy in both the normal and tangential directions of collision. In the inhomogeneous regime, translational kinetic energy and the rotational energy decay with time $t$ as power-laws $t^{-\\theta_T}$ and $t^{-\\theta_R}$. We numerically determine $\\theta_T \\approx 1$ and $\\theta_R \\approx 1.6$, independent of the coefficients of restitution. The inhomogeneous regime of the granular gas has been argued to be describable by the ballistic aggregation problem, where particles coalesce on contact. Using scaling arguments, we predict $\\theta_T=1$ and $\\theta_R=1$ for ballistic aggregation, $\\theta_R$ being different from that obtained for the rough granular gas. Simulations of ballistic aggregation with rotational degrees of freedom are consistent with these exponents.

Sudhir N. Pathak; Dibyendu Das; R. Rajesh

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

Rough and Ready Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Ready Biomass Facility and Ready Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Rough and Ready Biomass Facility Facility Rough and Ready Sector Biomass Owner Rough and Ready Lumber Co. Location Cave Junction, Oregon Coordinates 42.1628912°, -123.6481235° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.1628912,"lon":-123.6481235,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

126

Determination of interfacial roughness using X-ray scattering  

SciTech Connect

Crystal truncation rod (CTR) scattering is shown to be a powerful technique for determining interfacial roughness non-destructively. By measuring the decay of scattering away from a Bragg reflection in the surface direction an rms roughness of the surface or interface can be extracted. The authors obtain rms roughness values with an accuracy of {+-} 0.1 {angstrom}. Sensitivity to lateral length scale roughness ranges from the wavelength of the x-rays to between 1,000--10,000 {angstrom} depending on the instrument function and the specific truncation rod. The influence of different cleans, as well as the thermal oxidation process, on the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface is investigated. A hot water treatment prior to the thermal oxidation is shown to roughen the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface. CTR scattering results also show a smoothing of the interface as a result of the oxidation process even for as little as 60 {angstrom} of thermal oxidation. Comparison between AFM and CTR scattering gives a consistent picture of the relative roughness of the wafers, although the absolute numbers do not agree. The differences in the absolute values can be explained by the lateral roughness scale that the two techniques measure, indicating that it is at periodicities below {approx} 100 {angstrom} that the increased roughness observed by the x-ray is found. Crystal truncation rods are shown to be perpendicular to the surface and not along the crystallographic axes of a miscut crystal. It is shown that for a crystal terminated by a regular step array both an atomistic and a continuum description of CTR scattering give identical results. Furthermore, the atomistic approach is used to show that a diamond cubic surface with a miscut is inherently rough. Even for a small miscut the tilt of the CTR with respect to the crystallographic axes results in complications for measuring the rod intensity. The authors present schemes for determining the exact position of the CTR in reciprocal space and for measuring the miscut of a single crystal. These methods were applied to the measurement of CTR intensities of silicon(001) wafers with miscuts of 0.1 and 4 degrees.

Munkholm, A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Development of Sol–Gel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of Sol–Gel Icephobic Coatings: Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Energy ... ‡ Energy

Qitao Fu; Xinghua Wu; Divya Kumar; Jeffrey W. C. Ho; Pushkar D. Kanhere; Narasimalu Srikanth; Erjia Liu; Peter Wilson; Zhong Chen

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

Duality, Conjugacy and Adjointness of Approximation Operators in Covering Based Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duality, Conjugacy and Adjointness of Approximation Operators in Covering Based Rough Sets Mauricio approximation operators in covering-based rough sets. In this paper, we establish relationships between the most for the generalized rough set model based on a binary relation. Key words: rough sets, coverings, approximations

Granada, Universidad de

129

Effective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, set in a channel with a rough boundary, of small amplitude and wavelength . It was shown recently thatEffective boundary condition at a rough surface starting from a slip condition. Anne, for any non-degenerate roughness pattern, and for any reasonable condition imposed at the rough boundary

Gerard-Varet, David - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

130

Granular computing, rough entropy and object extraction Sankar K. Pal a,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of image object extraction in the framework of rough sets and granular computing is addressed. A mea- sure of rough entropy are described. Ã? 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Rough sets; Entropy in the process of prob- lem solving. Recently, rough set theory (Pawlak, 1991) has become a popular mathematical

Mitra, Pabitra

131

Algebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for intelligent controls, is a mathematical formalism that integrates fuzzy logic, rough sets , evolutionary: control, fuzzy logic, evolutionary computing, modal logic, rough logic, rough set. 1 IntroductionAlgebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu Martin Wildberger 2

Lin, Tsau Young

132

On Generalizing Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science, University of Regina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Generalizing Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina formulations of the standard rough set theory. It demonstrates how those formulations can be adopted to develop different generalized rough set theories. The relationships be- tween rough set theory and other theories

Yao, Yiyu

133

Characterization of neighborhood operators for covering based rough sets, using duality and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization of neighborhood operators for covering based rough sets, using duality@ugr.es Abstract Covering based Rough Sets are an important general- ization of Rough Set Theory. Basically for these approximation operators. Keywords: rough sets, coverings, approximations, neighborhood operator, order relation

Granada, Universidad de

134

Semantics of Fuzzy Sets in Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semantics of Fuzzy Sets in Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science University of rough sets. Rough membership func- tions are viewed as a special type of fuzzy membership functions and rough membership functions, between core and support of fuzzy set theory and lower and upper

Yao, Yiyu

135

Improved global bathymetry, global sea floor roughness, and deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ocean and the increased mixing over rough topography by proposing that tidal dissipation was a power

Becker, Joseph Jeffrey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Improved Global Bathymetry, Global Sea Floor Roughness, and Deep Ocean Mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ocean and the increased mixing over rough topography by proposing that tidal dissipation was a power

Becker, Joseph J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

First Order Rough LogicRevisited T.Y. Lin 1;2 and Qing Liu 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on axiomatic rough set theory, first order rough logic was developed earlier. In this paper, a new model theory and rough set theory. Rough set theory is based on a known equivalence relation (indis­ cernibility relation equivalence relation. How­ ever, to see clearly the relationships between rough logic and rough set theories

Lin, Tsau Young

138

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Aerodynamic and Scalar Roughness over Snow and Sea Ice Abstract: In Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, the aerodynamic roughness, z0, is the artificial height above the surface at which the wind speed the theory and measurement of the aerodynamic and scalar roughness lengths over snow and sea ice. The data

139

Fluid squeeze-out between solids with rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the fluid squeeze-out from the interface between an elastic solid with a flat surface and a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface. As an application we discuss fluid squeeze-out between a tire tread block and a road surface. Some implications for the leakage of seals are discussed, and experimental data are presented to test the theory.

B. Lorenz; B. N. J. Persson

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

Multilayer roughness and image formation in the Schwarzschild objective  

SciTech Connect

We present a study of the effect of multilayer-surface-roughness-induced scattering in the image formation of the Schwarzschild objective (SO) used in the spectromicroscope MAXIMUM. The two mirrors comprising the SO are coated with Ru/B{sub 4}C multilayers that have a peak reflectivity at 130 eV. We had long observed that a diffuse x-ray background surrounds the focused x-ray spot. The spatial resolution remains at 0.1 {mu}m in spite of this. However, since a significant fraction of the flux is lost to the background, since too large an area of the sample is illuminated, and since the S/N ratio is degraded, the origins of this effect merit investigation. This diffuse background resulting from x-ray scattering at the surface of the mirrors was mapped out using bidirectional knife edge scans. Complementary surface roughness simulations were carried out with the ray-tracing program SHADOW. AFM experiments were also done to directly measure the surface roughness and power spectrum of representative multilayers. Following curve fitting, it was possible to classify Gaussian components in both the measured and simulated profiles as arising from scattering occurring at either the convex primary mirror or the concave secondary mirror. Together with geometrical analysis, these techniques permitted us to track the image formation process of an actual optical system in the presence of surface roughness. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Singh, S.; Solak, H.; Cerrina, F. [University of Wisconsin, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)] [University of Wisconsin, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Neutron scattering by rough surfaces at grazing incidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are a number of calculations in the literature of the effect of statistical surface roughness on the specular and diffuse scattering of neutrons and x rays which impinge on surfaces at grazing incidence. These calculations do not agree with one another and in some cases lack internal consistency. In this paper I show that these discrepancies can be resolved within the distorted-wave Born approximation. The result I obtain for the specular reflectivity is the widely used version of Nevot and Croce, while that for the diffuse scattering is the same as a recent calculation by Sinha, Sirota, Garoff, and Stanley. The approximations made by Nevot and Croce are clearly revealed by the distorted-wave Born approximation. A simple numerical algorithm is proposed for the calculation of diffuse scattering from a surface whose roughness is self-affine, and the form of the scattering is calculated for a range of parameters within this model. The calculation of diffusion scattering is extended in this paper to the case of films with rough surfaces. Correlation between roughness at the two film surfaces is considered and shown to be important for the description of neutron reflectivity data obtained with a thin film of titanium deposited on a sapphire substrate.

Roger Pynn

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Reduce redundant broadcasting in MANETs using rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) consists of wireless hosts which may move often. The movement of hosts results in frequent changes in paths. In these cases, finding a path from source to destination becomes difficult. The well-known Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) and Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) are routing protocols which are in vogue to determine a route when no route exists or a route breaks. As such to establish a new path from source to destination, it broadcasts control packets (route request packets), which increase the network bandwidth consumption. As MANETs have limited bandwidth, it is essential to reduce the control packets. We propose mathematical models which use the concept of rough set and Weighted Rough Set (WRS) to minimise the route request packets in the existing AODV and DSR routing protocols. Rough set theory is a mathematical tool to deal with vagueness, uncertainty; and WRS theory is an extension to rough set theory which also considers the importance of the objects.

A. Nagaraju; S. Ramachandram

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Graph and matrix approaches to rough sets through matroids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rough sets are efficient for attribute reduction and rule extraction in data mining. However, many important problems including attribute reduction in rough sets are NP-hard, therefore the algorithms to solve them are often greedy. Matroids, generalized from linear independence in vector spaces, provide well-established platforms for greedy algorithm design. In this paper, we use graph and matrix approaches to study rough sets through matroids. First, we construct an isomorphism from equivalence relations to 2-circuit matroids, and then propose graph representations of lower and upper approximations through the graphic matroid. We also study graph representations of lower and upper approximations by that of the dual of the matroid. Second, in light of the fact that the relational matrix is a representable matrix of the matroid induced by an equivalence relation, matrix representations of lower and upper approximations are obtained with the representable matrix of the matroid. In a word, borrowing from matroids, this work presents two interesting views, graph and matrix ones, to investigate rough sets.

Shiping Wang; Qingxin Zhu; William Zhu; Fan Min

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Stereo-Vision-Based Obstacle Avoidance in Rough Outdoor Terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on chemical or nuclear plants are only a few possible scenarios. Unmanned vehicles could patrol frontiers and powerful robot navigation system for rough and vegetated outdoor terrain. Vegetation in that context of natural disasters, large-scale accidents and terrorism. Fire infernos, hurricanes, air crashes and attacks

Berns, Karsten

145

Mask roughness induced LER: geometric model at long correlation lengths  

SciTech Connect

Collective understanding of how both the resist and line-edge roughness (LER) on the mask affect the final printed LER has made significant advances. What is poorly understood, however, is the extent to which mask surface roughness couples to image plane LER as a function of illumination conditions, NA, and defocus. Recently, progress has been made in formulating a simplified solution for mask roughness induced LER. Here, we investigate the LER behavior at long correlation lengths of surface roughness on the mask. We find that for correlation lengths greater than 3/NA in wafer dimensions and CDs greater than approximately 0.75/NA, the previously described simplified model, which remains based on physical optics, converges to a 'geometric regime' which is based on ray optics and is independent of partial coherence. In this 'geometric regime', the LER is proportional to the mask slope error as it propagates through focus, and provides a faster alternative to calculating LER in contrast to either full 2D aerial image simulation modeling or the newly proposed physical optics model. Data is presented for both an NA = 0.32 and an NA = 0.5 imaging system for CDs of 22-nm and 50-nm horizontal-line-dense structures.

McClinton, Brittany M.; Naulleau, Patrick P.

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

146

Multilayer roughness and image formation in the Schwarzschild objective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a study of the effect of multilayer?surface?roughness?induced scattering in the image formation of the Schwarzschild objective (SO) used in the spectromicroscope MAXIMUM. The two mirrors comprising the SO are coated with Ru/B4C multilayers that have a peak reflectivity at 130 eV. We had long observed that a diffuse x?ray background surrounds the focused x?ray spot. The spatial resolution remains at 0.1 ?m in spite of this. However since a significant fraction of the flux is lost to the background since too large an area of the sample is illuminated and since the S/N ratio is degraded the origins of this effect merit investigation. This diffuse background resulting from x?ray scattering at the surface of the mirrors was mapped out using bidirectional knife edge scans. Complementary surface roughness simulations were carried out with the ray?tracing program SHADOW. AFM experiments were also done to directly measure the surface roughness and power spectrum of representative multilayers. Following curve fitting it was possible to classify Gaussian components in both the measured and simulated profiles as arising from scattering occurring at either the convex primary mirror or the concave secondary mirror. Together with geometrical analysis these techniques permitted us to track the image formation process of an actual optical system in the presence of surface roughness.

S. Singh; H. Solak; F. Cerrina

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Studies of the 3D surface roughness height  

SciTech Connect

Nowadays nano-coatings occupy more and more significant place in technology. Innovative, functional coatings acquire new aspects from the point of view of modern technologies, considering the aggregate of physical properties that can be achieved manipulating in the production process with the properties of coatings’ surfaces on micro- and nano-level. Nano-coatings are applied on machine parts, friction surfaces, contacting parts, corrosion surfaces, transparent conducting films (TCF), etc. The equipment available at present for the production of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with highest quality is based on expensive indium tin oxide (ITO) material; therefore cheaper alternatives are being searched for. One such offered alternative is zink oxide (ZnO) nano-coatings. Evaluating the TCF physical and mechanical properties and in view of the new ISO standard (EN ISO 25178) on the introduction of surface texture (3D surface roughness) in the engineering calculations, it is necessary to examine the height of 3D surface roughness, which is one of the most significant roughness parameters. The given paper studies the average values of 3D surface roughness height and the most often applied distribution laws are as follows: the normal distribution and Rayleigh distribution. The 3D surface is simulated by a normal random field.

Avisane, Anita; Rudzitis, Janis; Kumermanis, Maris [Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Riga Technical University, Ezermalas str. 6k, Riga (Latvia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

148

On the union and intersection operations of rough sets based on various approximation spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algebraic structures and lattice structures of rough sets are basic and important topics in rough sets theory. In this paper we pointed out that a basic problem had been overlooked, that is the closeness of union and intersection operations of rough approximation pairs, i.e. (lower approximation, upper approximation). We present that the union and intersection operations of rough approximation pairs are closed for classical rough sets and two kinds of covering based rough sets, but not for twenty kinds of covering based rough sets and the generalized rough sets based on fuzzy approximation space. Moreover, we proved that the union and intersection operations of rough fuzzy approximation pairs are closed and a bounded distributive lattice can be constructed.

Xiaohong Zhang; Jianhua Dai; Yucai Yu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Impact of Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties P. Minnis 1 , P. W. Heck 2 , R. F. Arduini 3 , R. Palikonda 3 , J. K. Ayers 3 , M. M. Khaiyer 3 , P. Yang 4 , Y. Xie 4 3 Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA 1 NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Current Cirrus Models Inadequate Cirrus cloud optical depths Ï„ (heights z e ) are often over (under) estimated when derived from solar reflectances. In situ data suggest smaller asymmetry factors, g, than used in most retrieval models. Multi-angle measurements point to smoother phase functions than for solid, smooth xtals. Calculations show that solid crystals with roughened facets or embedded bubbles --both observed in real cirrus particles-- yield smoother phase functions & smaller g

150

A modified electrospark alloying method for low surface roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified electrospark alloying method has been developed. The method allows the formation of deposits with low surface roughness compared to that of the conventional electrospark alloying method. It is based on the employment of a sequence of identical pulse groups. The process of electrospark deposition and the process of electrospark grinding were combined by forming pulse groups consisting of a high energy pulse for mass transfer from treating electrode to substrate and low energy pulses for grinding during deposition. Low as-deposited surface roughness was succeeded by properly selecting parameters of the pulses in a group and pauses between them. Experimental results revealed that the proposed method is useful in forming one–two layers of deposition.

Alexander V. Ribalko; Orhan Sahin; Kemal Korkmaz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Investigating memetic algorithm in solving rough set attribute reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Attribute reduction is the problem of selecting a minimal subset from the original set of attributes. Rough set theory has been used for attribute reduction with much success. Since it is well known that finding a minimal subset is a NP-hard problem; therefore, it is necessary to develop efficient algorithms to solve this problem. In this work, we propose a memetic algorithm-based approach inside the rough set theory which is a hybridisation of genetic algorithm and simulated annealing. The proposed method has been tested on UCI data sets. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of this memetic approach when compared with previous available methods. Possible extensions upon this simple approach are also discussed.

Majdi Mafarja; Salwani Abdullah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Distributed Receptivity . . . . . 6 2. FACILITY DESCRIPTION - THE KLEBANOFF–SARIC WIND TUNNEL 11 2.1 Test Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Fan and Motor... of this dissertation describes the Klebanoff–Saric Wind Tunnel facility, which was used for this experiment. Section 3 describes the experimental setup (roughness design and the flat plate model) and defines the metrics by which the flow field is decomposed...

Kuester, Matthew Scott

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

153

Capillary adhesion between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study how the contact area and the work of adhesion, between two elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces, depend on the relative humidity. The surfaces are assumed to be hydrophilic, and capillary bridges form at the interface between the solids. For elastically hard solids with relative smooth surfaces, the area of real contact and therefore also the sliding friction, are maximal when there is just enough liquid to fill out the interfacial space between the solids, which typically occurs for $d_{\\rm K} \\approx 3 h_{\\rm rms}$, where $d_{\\rm K}$ is the height of the capillary bridge and $h_{\\rm rms}$ the root-mean-square roughness of the (combined) surface roughness profile. For elastically soft solids, the area of real contact is maximal for very low humidity (i.e., small $d_{\\rm K}$), where the capillary bridges are able to pull the solids into nearly complete contact. In both case, the work of adhesion is maximal (and equal to $2\\gamma {\\rm cos}\\theta$, where $\\gamma$ is the liquid surface tension and $\\theta$ the liquid-solid contact angle) when $d_{\\rm K} >> h_{\\rm rms}$, corresponding to high relative humidity.

B. N. J. Persson

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

154

Rough-fuzzy Classifier Modeling Using Data Repository Sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reflects the trends of the past years based on the diffusion of various traditional approaches and methods when tackling new problems. Two components of the computational intelligence (CI) are applied, rough and fuzzy sets theory. These components permit one to operate with uncertainty data. The current knowledge in the investigated field is summarized and briefly explained. It also deals with uncertainty in an information system and the two approaches, the fuzzy sets (FSs) and rough sets theory (RST), for operating it. The proposal and implementation of a rough-fuzzy classifier (RFC) is modified. RFC uses the rules generated by RSTbox. The databases IRIS and WINE were chosen for verification. The classification results were compared with the results of other classification methods are applied on these databases. Finally, we summarized the presented problems. Based on the above stated facts it can be claimed that the proposed modified algorithm, \\{RSTbox\\} and RFC model are functional. The model is relatively successful (compared to other approaches), and by using it two classification databases can be carried out. This model is proposed in MATLAB.

Jiri Krupka; Pavel Jirava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Interpretation of equilibria in game-theoretic rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Intelligent decision making models aim at improving the quality of decision making under uncertainty. The fundamental issues that are generally encountered in these models are too many options to choose from and the involvement of contradictory decision making criteria. The game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) model provides an intelligent decision making mechanism that exploits a game-theoretic environment for analyzing strategic situations between cooperative or conflicting decision making criteria in the probabilistic rough set framework. The concept of equilibria is of central importance in the GTRS model which has not been sufficiently addressed in the current literature. Two key issues in this regard are the interpretation of equilibria and the establishment of their existence. By reviewing, examining and defining the basic game constructs in the GTRS model, we are able to interpret an equilibrium in terms of the decision thresholds that control the rough sets based decision regions. In particular, an equilibrium is defined in terms of a pair of thresholds such that no player has a unilateral incentive to change these thresholds within the game. An example game is considered to demonstrate the use of the interpretation in determining the thresholds. The issue of existence of equilibria is addressed by considering a couple of typical two-player games in the GTRS model. The results suggest that the existence of equilibria may be established under certain limited conditions.

Nouman Azam; JingTao Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Dimensional variation and roughness of LIGA fabricated microstructures  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the dimensional variation and sidewall roughness of features on PMMA micro- components fabricated by deep x-ray lithography in order to assess the effect of dimensional variation on subsequent assembly operations. Dimensional measurements were made using a stylus profilometer with a repeatability in step height of better than 0.01 {mu}m. Roughness measurements were made with the same profilometer scanning in a direction perpendicular to the length of the parts. 22 {mu}m and 54 {mu}m features exhibited dimensional variations described by a Gaussian distribution with standard deviations of 0.202 {mu}m and 0.381 {mu}m, respectively. This corresponds to a maximum relative variation of between 0.6% and 0.9%. Sidewall roughnesses were found to be in the range of 0.02 {mu}m to 0. 03 {mu}m, an insignificant contribution to the total variation when compared to overall dimensional variation. Several potential sources of this variation are discussed, but no single cause was identified as the source of the significant dimensional variation observed here.

Egert, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wood, R. [Microelectronics Center of North Carolina, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Malek, C.K. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Rough Fuzzy Set Model for Set-Valued Ordered Fuzzy Decision System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The classical rough set theory can not be directly used to reduce knowledge in set-valued ordered fuzzy decision system. Firstly, we propose a dominance relation-based rough fuzzy set model in set-valued ordered ...

Zhongkui Bao; Shanlin Yang; Ju Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Data Mining in Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set Using Rough Set Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of this study were to apply rough set model to nursing knowledge discovery process. Method: Data mining based on rough set model was conducted on a large clinical data set containing Nursing ...

M. Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Using Variable Precision Rough Set Model to Build FP-Tree of Association Rules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main mission of the variable precision rough set is to solve the problem of non- ... of association rules algorithms based on variable precision rough set model in e-commerce. The experiments show...

SuJuan Qian; ZhiQiang Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - angle deposited nano-rough Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nano-rough Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: angle deposited nano-rough Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Advanced techniques for glancing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Fundamenta Informaticae 108(3-4), 2011, pp. 267286 267 Game-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamenta Informaticae 108(3-4), 2011, pp. 267­286 267 IOS Press Game-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. This article investigates the Game-theoretic Rough Set (GTRS) model and its capability of analyzing a major decision problem evident in existing probabilistic rough set models. A major challenge

Yao, JingTao

162

Space Exploration and Global Optimization for Computationally Intensive Design Problems: A Rough Set Based Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and transparent. This work proposes a rough set based approach that can identify multip,le sub-regions in a design than a given level. The rough set method is applied iteratively on a growing sample set. A novel with a few well-known global optimization algorithms. Keywords: rough set, design optimization, space

Wang, Gaofeng Gary

163

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Game-Theoretic Risk Analysis in Decision-Theoretic Rough Sets Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao,jtyao]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Determining the correct threshold values for probabilistic rough set models has been a heated these tolerance values. 1 Introduction In rough sets [10], a set within the universe of discourse is approximated

Yao, JingTao

164

From Rough Sets to Soft Computing Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, San Jose State University,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Rough Sets to Soft Computing T.Y. Lin Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, San Jose By the invitation of the Conference Chair Professor Paul Wang, a Workshop on Rough Set Theory was held in the Second­October 1, 1995. The workshop in the setting of joint conferences provides a forum for rough setters

Lin, Tsau Young

165

Prediction of Dominant Genes Responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prediction of Dominant Genes Responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory Abhinandan responsible for Lung Adenocarcinoma using Rough Set Theory. The work takes a microarray dataset containing and attributes. Using rough set theory, redundant attributes are then determined and eliminated. The core

Gesbert, David

166

Implicator-Conjunctor Based Models of Fuzzy Rough Sets: Definitions and Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implicator-Conjunctor Based Models of Fuzzy Rough Sets: Definitions and Properties Lynn D'eer1 those proposals which generalize the logical connectives and quantifiers present in the rough set, rough sets, hybridization, lower and upper ap- proximation, implication, conjunction, axiomatic approach

Granada, Universidad de

167

Introduction to the Special Issue on Rough Sets and Soft Computing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to the Special Issue on Rough Sets and Soft Computing. T. Y. Lin Department, California 94720 . The notion of rough sets was introduced by Zdzislaw Pawlak in his seminal paper of 1982 of information systems. From the outset, rough set theory has been a methodology of database mining or knowledge

Lin, Tsau Young

168

FRPS: A Fuzzy Rough Prototype Selection method Nele Verbiest a,n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Classification Fuzzy rough sets Instance selection k NN Prototype Selection a b s t r a c t The k Nearest with a reduced but reinforced dataset to pick its neighbours from. We use fuzzy rough set theory to express are instance selection methods specifically designed to improve k NN classification. Rough set theory [6

Gent, Universiteit

169

Relations in Mathematical Morphology with applications to Graphs and Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relations in Mathematical Morphology with applications to Graphs and Rough Sets John G. Stell School of Computing, University of Leeds Leeds, LS2 9JT, U.K. jgs@comp.leeds.ac.uk Abstract. Rough sets for granularity, and the question of how rough sets relate to mathe- matical morphology has been raised by Bloch

Stell, John

170

Comparison of Rough-set and Interval-set Models for Uncertain Reasoning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of Rough-set and Interval-set Models for Uncertain Reasoning Y.Y. Yao and Xining Li Department of Computer Science Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1 Abstract In the rough-set of their extended set-theoretic operators. The operators in the rough-set model are not truth-functional, while

Yao, Yiyu

171

Fundamenta Informaticae 108 (2011) 249265 249 Two Semantic Issues in a Probabilistic Rough Set Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Model Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science University of Regina Regina, Canada yyao@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Probabilistic rough set models are quantitative generalizations of the classical and qual in a probabilistic rough set model. This paper examines two fundamental semantics-related questions. One

Yao, Yiyu

172

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao Department}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract One of the challenges a decision maker faces is choos- ing a suitable rough set model to use for data analysis. The traditional algebraic rough set model classifies objects into three regions, namely

Yao, JingTao

173

Personalizing information retrieval in CRISs with Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Personalizing information retrieval in CRISs with Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Germán Hurtado Martín? Our approach proposes using fuzzy and rough sets to make the matching process between the users. Furthermore, both fuzzy and rough sets perform well in the presence of imperfect or missing information

Gent, Universiteit

174

Rough Sets for Uncertainty Reasoning S.K.M. Wong1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Sets for Uncertainty Reasoning S.K.M. Wong1 and C.J. Butz2 1 Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, K1N 6N5, butz@site.uottawa.ca Abstract. Rough sets have traditionally been applied to decision (clas- sification) problems. We suggest that rough sets are even better

Butz, Cory J.

175

Fundamenta Informaticae XX (2004) 118 1 A New Rough Sets Model Based on Database Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamenta Informaticae XX (2004) 1­18 1 IOS Press A New Rough Sets Model Based on Database Systems, USA jhan@csudh.edu Abstract. Rough sets theory was proposed by Pawlak in the 1980s and has been applied success- fully in a lot of domains. One of the major limitations of the traditional rough sets

Lin, Tsau Young

176

Concept Lattices in Rough Set Theory Department of Computer Science, University of Regina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concept Lattices in Rough Set Theory Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina-- An alternative formulation of rough set theory can be developed based on a binary relation between two universes, one is a finite set of objects and the other is a finite set of properties. Rough set approximation

Yao, Yiyu

177

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1{21 1 Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1{21 1 IOS Press Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets V, KY 40506{0046 marek|mirek@cs.uky.edu Abstract. We study properties of rough sets, that is system. A rough set is a pair hL; U i such that L; U are de nable in the information system and L U

Truszczynski, Miroslaw

178

A Comparative Study of Formal Concept Analysis and Rough Set Theory in Data Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparative Study of Formal Concept Analysis and Rough Set Theory in Data Analysis Yiyu (Y@cs.uregina.ca; http://www.cs.uregina.ca/yyao Abstract. The theory of rough sets and formal concept analysis. Formal concept analysis focuses on concepts that are definable by conjuctions of properties, rough set

Yao, Yiyu

179

Neurocomputing 36 (2001) 1}3 Presenting the special issue on Rough-neuro computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, adaptation, and self-organization on the other. Granular computing including rough sets and fuzzy sets of neural networks and granular computing, in particular rough sets and fuzzy sets. There are 10 papers a way of integrating rough set theory with a fuzzy MLP using a modular evolutionary algorithm

Pal, Sankar Kumar

180

Improving SMOTE with Fuzzy Rough Prototype Selection to detect Noise in Imbalanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Using fuzzy rough set theory, the noise level of each instance is measured, and instances for which Rough Set The- ory 1 Introduction Imbalanced classification has become an important field in data mining on fuzzy rough set theory [7]. Next, we remove all instances that have a noise

Gent, Universiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Ablation of carbon-based materials : investigation of roughness set-up from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ablation of carbon-based materials : investigation of roughness set-up from heterogeneous reactions for roughness set-up is investigated, based on the coupling between diffusive transfer in the sur- rounding and heat transfers, the importance of which relies on the surface roughness. A new possible physical cause

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Generalization of Rough Sets using Modal Logics Department of Computer Science, Lakehead University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalization of Rough Sets using Modal Logics Y.Y. Yao Department of Computer Science, Lakehead@cs.sjsu.edu Abstract The theory of rough sets is an extension of set theory with two addi­ tional unary set operators in modal logics. By explor­ ing the relationship between rough sets and modal logics, this paper

Lin, Tsau Young

183

Information Granulation and Approximation in a Decision-theoretic Model of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Granulation and Approximation in a Decision-theoretic Model of Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao in the gran- ulated universe are two related fundamental issues in the theory of rough sets. Many proposals of results from existing studies that are relevant to a decision-theoretic modeling of rough sets. Two

Yao, Yiyu

184

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Department of Computer Science, Lakehead University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparative Study of Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets Y.Y. Yao 1 Department of Computer Science and compares theories of fuzzy sets and rough sets. Two approaches for the formulation of fuzzy sets are reviewed, one is based on many-valued logic and the other is based on modal logic. Two views of rough sets

Yao, Yiyu

185

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1--21 1 Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamenta Informaticae 34 (1999) 1--21 1 IOS Press Contributions to the Theory of Rough Sets V Lexington, KY 40506--0046 marek---mirek@cs.uky.edu Abstract. We study properties of rough sets, that is system. A rough set is a pair hL; Ui such that L; U are definable in the information system and L ` U

Truszczynski, Miroslaw

186

Two Views of the Theory of Rough Sets in Finite Universes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two Views of the Theory of Rough Sets in Finite Universes Y.Y. Yao 1 Department of Computer Science This paper presents and compares two views of the theory of rough sets. The operator-oriented view interprets rough set theory as an extension of set theory with two additional unary operators. Under such a view

Yao, Yiyu

187

Fuzzy Rough Set Based Web Query Expansion Martine De Cock and Chris Cornelis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy Rough Set Based Web Query Expansion Martine De Cock and Chris Cornelis Fuzziness, Krijgslaan 281 (S9), 9000 Gent, Belgium {Martine.DeCock, Chris.Cornelis}@UGent.be Abstract Fuzzy rough set on average -- we focus on query ex- pansion, i.e. the process of adding related terms to the query. Rough set

Gent, Universiteit

188

Fuzzy Rough Sets: Beyond the Obvious Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, Etienne Kerre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy Rough Sets: Beyond the Obvious Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, Etienne Kerre Fuzziness.Kerre@UGent.be Abstract-- Rough set theory was introduced in 1982. Soon it was combined with fuzzy set theory, giving rise. I. INTRODUCTION Pawlak [12] launched rough set theory as a framework for the construction

Gent, Universiteit

189

Incorporating Game-theoretic Rough Sets in Web-based Medical Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incorporating Game-theoretic Rough Sets in Web-based Medical Decision Support Systems JingTao Yao of game-theoretic rough set (GTRS) component in WMDSS is explored and investigated for this purpose. The GTRS is a recent development in rough sets that takes advantages from data analysis capabilities

Yao, JingTao

190

A Rough Sets Based Approach to Feature Selection M. Zhang J. T. Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Rough Sets Based Approach to Feature Selection M. Zhang J. T. Yao Department of Computer Science. The features are measured by their necessity in heuristic feature selection techniques. Rough set theory has been used to define the necessity of features in literature. We propose a new rough set based feature

Yao, JingTao

191

Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Department of Computer Science, University of Regina,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4S 0A2 E-mail: yyao@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. Decision-theoretic rough set models are a probabilistic exten- sion of the algebraic rough set model. The required parameters

Yao, Yiyu

192

Interval-valued Fuzzy-Rough Feature Selection and Application for Handling Missing Values in Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, UK {rkj,qqs}@aber.ac.uk Abstract One of the many successful applications of rough set theory has been to the area of feature selection. The rough set ideol- ogy of using only the supplied data and no other information has many benefits, where most other methods require sup- plementary knowledge. Fuzzy-rough set

Lucas, Simon M.

193

The effect of roughness on aerosol deposition in tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the Reynolds number. The data formed a peculiar dip at a Reynolds number between 2000 and 10, 000 (depending on roughness) and remained fairly constant for increased Reynolds number. Nikuradse concluded that when the thickness of the laminar layer is greater...). The experiments of Wirtz and Chen (1991) were conducted on internally transverse finned (ribbed) tubes for a Reynolds number range of 2000 - 8000 and various rib spacings (3 - 18 mm) and heights (12 - 18 mm), using air as the fluid media. Their experimental...

Chavez, Mario Cesar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Scaling laws governing the roughness of the swash edge line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of swash i.e. a layer of water that washes up on the beach after an incoming wave has broken is complicated and intriguing. It includes perplexed hydrodynamic and sediment transport events. In our paper we address to the roughness of the moving swash boundary at which a beach, water and air meet. We treat the behavior of this boundary as an interfacial phenomenon, without going into details of formation of edge waves and beach cusps, covered broadly in literature. This "crude" approach turns out to be productive and revealing the resemblance of the swash line with a broad diversity of effects arising from the random pinning of moving boundaries.

Ed. Bormashenko; A. Musin; R. Grynuov

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

195

On the relation between rough set reducts and typical testors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper studies the relations between rough set reducts and typical testors from the so-called logical combinatorial approach to pattern recognition. Definitions, comments and observations are formally introduced and supported by illustrative examples. Furthermore, some theorems expressing theoretical relations between reducts and typical testors are enunciated and proved. We also discuss several practical applications of these relations that can mutually enrich the development of research and applications in both areas. Although we focus on the relation between the classical concepts of testor and reduct, our study can be expanded to include other types of testors and reducts.

Manuel S. Lazo-Cortés; José Fco. Martínez-Trinidad; Jesús A. Carrasco-Ochoa; Guillermo Sanchez-Diaz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Influence of roughness on near-field heat transfer between two plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface roughness correction to the near-field heat transfer between two rough bulk materials is discussed by using second-order perturbation theory. The results allow for estimating the impact of surface roughness to the heat transfer in recent experiments between two plates and between a microsphere and a plate (using the Derjaguin approximation). Furthermore, we show that the proximity approximation for describing rough surfaces is valid for distances much smaller than the correlation length of the surface roughness even if the heat transfer is dominated by the coupling of surface modes.

Svend-Age Biehs; Jean-Jacques Greffet

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

197

File:Wind rough example.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:Wind rough example.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Wind rough example.pdf Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 196 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 18:03, 2 January 2014 Thumbnail for version as of 18:03, 2 January 2014 1,650 × 1,275, 2 pages (196 KB) Foteri (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal CurriculaCategory:Wind for Schools Elementary School Curricula

198

Rough set approach to the evaluation of stormwater pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of urban stormwater quality and its impacts on the receiving water. In order to describe this phenomenon, research aimed at creating a mathematical model of pollution has been conducted. Although various deterministic and stochastic models exist already, the quality of stormwater phenomenon deserves a very careful and thoughtful validation. In order to take advantage of some empirical observations available, we introduce an inductive learning method to discover some regularities in form of ''if...then...'' rules. We suggest the use of the rough set theory for this purpose. This approach is able to process both quantitative and qualitative data and also accepts inconsistency in the dataset. The rules generated from the data explain the phenomenon in terms of relevant attributes, and can be used to predict the level of pollution from future events. We present the results of the rough set analysis of a dataset concerning five catchments in the urban area of Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland. The application of the rules to events from other catchments, particularly in France, proves the good prediction ability of our model.

Luca Rossi; Roman Slowinski; Robert Susmaga

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Rough set-based regionalisation in air quality monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regionalisation is to organise a large set of spatial objects into spatially contiguous regions despite optimising the homogeneity of the derived regions, while representing social and economic geography. To confront this problem, it is necessary to classify the regions to form groups that are homogeneous in air quality attributes. It is to develop a system that applies data mining techniques to study the distribution of air pollutants in Chennai, a metro city in India using vehicular ad hoc networking and map the distribution on the geographical map for effective policy making. In conventional regionalisation methods, the data points are assigned to a single region in a multidimensional attribute space affecting air pollution response. However, some data points, having distributed membership to more than one region, could not be justified and allocated to a single region. Rough set-based clustering technique is applied to regionalisation problem to resolve vague or overlapping regions. The overlapping regions are restructured to guarantee the homogeneity of the regions formed or altered. The investigations of the cluster validity tests confirm the effectiveness of rough set-based regionalisation in air quality modelling.

Komathy Karuppanan; Christina Jayakumaran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The effects of the substrate surface roughness on graphene plasmons  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the effects of variation in the gap size between mono-layer graphene and a substrate with a randomly rough surface on the linear response of graphene’s ? electron bands within the approximation of Dirac fermions. We adopt the electrostatic Green’s function developed by Rahman and Maradudin [Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137–2143 (1980)] for the surface of a dielectric medium, which exhibits a Gaussian distributed height profile and combine it with the polarization function of graphene described as a zero-thickness planar layer at a fixed distance from the mean position of the substrate surface. We specifically consider the effects of a random gap size on the two-dimensional sheet plasmon mode in heavily doped graphene, both on its dispersion relation in the long-wavelength limit and its broadening due to Landau damping in the continuum of inter-band electron-hole excitations at shorter wavelengths.

Lyon, Keenan A.; Miskovic, Zoran L. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Scaling relations for contour lines of rough surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equilibrium and nonequilibrium growth phenomena, e.g., surface growth, generically yields self-affine distributions. Analysis of statistical properties of these distributions appears essential in understanding statistical mechanics of underlying phenomena. Here, we analyze scaling properties of the cumulative distribution of iso-height loops (i.e., contour lines) of rough self-affine surfaces in terms of loop area and system size. Inspired by the Coulomb gas methods, we find the generating function of the area of the loops. Interestingly, we find that, after sorting loops with respect to their perimeters, Zipf-like scaling relations hold for ranked loops. Numerical simulations are also provided in order to demonstrate the proposed scaling relations.

M. A. Rajabpour and S. M. Vaez Allaei

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

202

Forward approximation and backward approximation in fuzzy rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is general to obtain rules by attribute reduction in fuzzy information systems. Instead of obtaining rules by attribute reduction, which may have a negative effect on inducting good rules, the objective of this paper is to extract rules without computing attribute reducts. Forward and backward approximations in fuzzy rough sets are first defined, and their important properties are discussed. Two algorithms based on forward and backward approximations, namely, mine rules based on the forward approximation (MRBFA) and mine rules based on the backward approximation (MRBBA), are proposed for rule extraction. The two algorithms are evaluated by several data sets from the UC Irvine Machine Learning Repository. The experimental results show that both MRBFA and MRBBA achieve better classification performances than the method based on attribute reduction.

Yi Cheng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Effects of the roughness characteristics on the wire tool surface for the electrical discharge machining properties  

SciTech Connect

Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) has been investigated to obtain the better discharge machining properties of the removal rate and the surface roughness in a few decades. Recently, it revealed that the rough tool electrodes can improve the WEDM properties for some sort of materials. In this study, the rough wire electrodes using a wet blasting method was developed and evaluated the machining performance for the insulated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in the WEDM processes. As the results, it could not recognize the advantage of roughness wire electrode under the high-energy condition, but it found that the electro-conductive layer thickness became thinner in comparison with those of normal wires. On the contrary, it could be obtained the better surface roughness in the low energy condition. It was supposed that the roughed wire surface generates the homogeneous dispersion discharges on the workpiece.

Fukuzawa, Yasushi; Yamashita, Masahide; Mamuro, Hiroaki; Yamashita, Ken [Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188 (Japan); Ogata, Masayoshi [Macoho Co., Ltd. 525 Kanawa, Isurugi-machi, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2032 JAPAN (Japan)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Approximations under Level Fuzzy Sets W.-N. Liu J.T. Yao Y.Y.Yao Department of Computer]@cs.uregina.ca Abstract. The combination of fuzzy set and rough set theories lead to various models. Functional and set- mations based on the notion of level fuzzy sets. Two rough approximation models, namely -level rough set

Yao, JingTao

205

2012 IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing Granular and Rough Computing on Covering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@gmail.comxiejun@tyut.edu.cn San Jose, CA, USA tylin@cs.sjsu.edu Abstract-Covering-based rough set (CRS) is a meaningful and important generalization of Pawlak's rough set theory. The primary goal of this paper is to extend-covering-based rough set; the globaV2nd GrC Model; neighborhood system; best upper and lower approxi mations; largest

Lin, Tsau Young

206

Scattering of optical guided waves by waveguide surface roughness: a three-dimensional treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scattering of optical guided waves by waveguide surface roughness has been analyzed in three dimensions. The scattered fields were determined by satisfying the boundary conditions...

Hall, D G

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Procedure of evaluating the surface roughness of the electrospark coating after burnishing with mineral ceramics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The procedure of evaluating the surface roughness of metal-cutting tools strengthened by the local electrospark deposition of coatings with the subsequent burnishing with...

V. N. Gadalov; D. N. Romanenko; V. V. Samoilov…

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Rough sets on fuzzy approximation spaces and applications to distributed knowledge systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy relation is an extension of crisp relation on any set U. Fuzzy proximity relations on U are much more general and abundant than equivalence relations. The fuzzy approximation space which depends upon a fuzzy proximity relation defined on a set U is a generalisation of the concept of knowledge base. So, rough sets defined on fuzzy approximation spaces extend the concept of rough sets on knowledge bases. The results of the present paper extend the basic properties of rough sets and results involving set theoretic operations on types of rough sets that have been established in Tripathy and Mitra (2008).

D.P. Acharjya; B.K. Tripathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A study on some topological aspects of fuzzy sets, rough sets and soft sets; -.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis consists of three major parts viz., study of the topological notions of fuzzy sets, rough sets and soft sets. The first part consists… (more)

Juthika, Mahanta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Investigation of rotor blade roughness effects on turbine performance  

SciTech Connect

The cold air test program was completed on the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine) HPFTP (High-Pressure Fuel Turbopump) turbine with production nozzle vane rings and polished coated rotor blades with a smooth surface finish of 30[mu]in. (0.76 [mu]m) rms (root mean square). The smooth blades were polished by an abrasive flow machining process. The test results were compared with the air test results from production rough-coated rotor blades with a surface finish of up to 400 [mu]in. (10.16 [mu]m) rms. Turbine efficiency was higher for the smooth blades over the entire range tested. Efficiency increased 2.1 percentage points at the SSME 104 percent RPL (Rated Power Level) conditions. This efficiency improvement could reduce the SSME HPFTP turbine inlet temperature by 57 R (32K), increasing turbine durability. The turbine flow parameter increased and the midspan outlet swirl angle became more axial with the smooth rotor blades.

Boynton, J.L.; Tabibzadeh, R. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.); Hudson, S.T. (NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

An approach to configuring product family using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Configuration design is one of the most important elements in the design for product family, with which designers could customise products for customers according to their specific requirements. The traditional approach to configuring products is based on configuration rules which reflect the mapping relations between customer requirements and design variables. But how to acquire the configuration rules is becoming the bottleneck. A kind of general way is to depend on design experts themselves to create such rules. It would take plenty of time for design experts to establish rules database. As such, this paper presents a framework of configuration design for product family through giving the variant components with different attribute values, in which the acquisition of configuration rules is connected with the idea of data mining using the rough set theory from large numbers of historical design data instead of the design expert's experience. It can help not only design experts but also novice designers analyse the dependence between customer requirements and design parameters, and acquire the configuration rules hidden in the historical data easily.

Bin Zhu; Pingyu Jiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

QUANTIFICATION OF DEFORMATION-INDUCED SURFACE ROUGHENING USING MODIFIED ROUGHNESS PARAMETERS AND FOURIER FILTERING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surfaces of metal sheets initially contain high frequency, low amplitude roughness components imparted during the rolling process. When plastic deformation is imposed, the amplitude of these free surface components increases, producing various kinds of morphological features including randomness, periodicity and waviness. The features often control key functional aspects of a metal surface, such as reflected image clarity, lubricant transport, and spot weldability. The key to understanding the evolution of topographical features on plastically deformed sheet surfaces involves characterizing those features using appropriate quantitative measures. In this study, selected roughness characterization tools are used to 3-D surface roughening of 6022-T4 Al sheets deformed in plane strain. Modified roughness parameters, viz., peak-to-valley mean-height roughness (Rmh) and 10 % mean-height roughness (Rpv), were used to characterize roughness amplitude in order to overcome the deficiencies inherent with the root mean square roughness (Rq). A new approach, in which the roughness pattern is divided into several regimes, was also used to investigate the frequency components that provide the major contributions to surface roughening. The Fast Fourier

unknown authors

213

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the limiting aerodynamic roughness of the ocean in very strong winds M. A. Donelan,1 B. K. Haus January 2004; accepted 13 August 2004; published 28 September 2004. [1] The aerodynamic friction between, the ``aerodynamic roughness'') increases with the wind speed. Can one merely extrapolate this wind speed tendency

Saltzman, Eric

214

A rough set-based association rule approach implemented on exploring beverages product spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When items are classified according to whether they have more or less of a characteristic, the scale used is referred to as an ordinal scale. The main characteristic of the ordinal scale is that the categories have a logical or ordered relationship to ... Keywords: Association rule, Data mining, Ordinal scale data processing, Product spectrum, Rough set, Rough set association rule

Shu-Hsien Liao, Yin-Ju Chen

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation Pradipta Maji of brain MR images. The RFCM algorithm comprises a judicious integration of the of rough sets, fuzzy sets with vagueness and incompleteness in class definition of brain MR images, the membership function of fuzzy sets

Pal, Sankar Kumar

216

The Position of Rough Set in Soft Set: A Topological Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the author presents the concept of topological space that must be used to show a relation between rough set and soft set. There are two main results presented; firstly, a construction of a quasi-discrete topology using indiscernibility ... Keywords: Indiscernibility Relation, Quasi Discrete, Rough Set Theory, Soft Set Theory, Topological Space

Tutut Herawan

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Three-Way Decision: An Interpretation of Rules in Rough Set Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-Way Decision: An Interpretation of Rules in Rough Set Theory Yiyu Yao Department of Computer theory is to induce classification or de- cision rules that indicate the decision class of an object. A new interpretation of rules in rough set theory is intro- duced. According to the positive, boundary

Yao, Yiyu

218

Independent External Peer Review Report Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 ii This page intentionally blank. #12;Independent External Peer Review Report ­ Rough River Dam 18 August 2011 iii Table.3 Preparation and Charge for Peer Review Panel 7 3.4 Performing the IEPR 8 3.5 Preparation and Review of Draft

US Army Corps of Engineers

219

Segmentation of Rough Surfaces Using a Polarization Imaging Patrick Terrier, Vincent Devlaminck, Jean Michel Charbois  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methods, that do not require contact with the surface and allow for high measurement speed, have been, based on light scattering[4], our goal is not to measure precisely the roughness, but to obtain. INTRODUCTION The conventional method for measuring surface roughness consists in moving a stylus probe touching

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

Near-field heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a rough surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we focus on the surface roughness correction to the near-field radiative heat transfer between a nanoparticle and a material with a rough surface utilizing a direct perturbation theory up to second order in the surface profile. We discuss the different distance regimes for the local density of states above the rough material and the heat flux analytically and numerically. We show that the heat transfer rate is larger than that corresponding to a flat surface at short distances. At larger distances it can become smaller due to surface polariton scattering by the rough surface. For distances much smaller than the correlation length of the surface profile, we show that the results converge to a proximity approximation, whereas in the opposite limit the rough surface can be replaced by an equivalent surface layer.

Svend-Age Biehs; Jean-Jacques Greffet

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

?-Dominance relation and rough sets in interval-valued information systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Though rough set has been widely used to study systems characterized by insufficient and incomplete information, its performance in dealing with initial interval-valued data needs to be seriously considered for improving the suitability and scalability. The aim of this paper is to present a parameterized dominance-based rough set approach to interval-valued information systems. First, by considering the degree that an interval-valued data is dominating another one, we propose the concept of ?-dominance relation. Second, we present the ?-dominance based rough set model in interval-valued decision systems. Finally, we introduce lower and upper approximate reducts into ?-dominance based rough set for simplifying decision rules, we also present the judgement theorems and discernibility functions, which describe how lower and upper approximate reducts can be calculated. This study suggests potential application areas and new research trends concerning rough set approach to interval-valued information systems.

Xibei Yang; Yong Qi; Dong-Jun Yu; Hualong Yu; Jingyu Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Matroidal structure of covering-based rough sets through the upper approximation number  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Covering-based rough set theory is a generalisation of rough set theory. Matroids are based on linear algebra and graph theory, and have a variety of applications in many fields. In this paper, we introduce matroid theory to covering-based rough sets, and explore the matroidal structure and properties of covering-based rough sets. Specifically, we define the upper approximation number to establish the matroidal structure of covering-based rough sets. So many important concepts and methods in matroid theory can be employed to investigate covering-based rough sets. The rank plays a very important role in a matrix, so we use the rank function of the matroid induced by a covering to measure the covering. With the rank function, a pair of approximation operators, namely, matroid approximation operators, are constructed. This type of approximation operators not only inherits the properties of those traditional ones which are defined from the perspective of set theory, but also presents some new properties. Finally, the matroid upper approximations are compared with the second upper approximations in covering-based rough sets.

Shiping Wang; William Zhu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Rough Set Based Information Retrieval from Argumentative Data Points in Sea Woo Kim*, Chin-Wan Chung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Based Information Retrieval from Argumentative Data Points in Weblogs Sea Woo Kim*, Chin as an object oriented 3- Dimensional system. The goal of our approach is to generate rules from rough sets and to represent them in a 3-dimensional interactive program, Blog Cosmos. We used rough set theory as a candidate

Chung, Chin-Wan

224

The theory of rough sets, introduced by Pawlak in 1982, has recently emerged as a major mathe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preface The theory of rough sets, introduced by Pawlak in 1982, has recently emerged as a major. The focus of rough set theory is on the ambi- guity caused by limited discernibility of objects, rough set theory and granular computation has proven to be another soft com- puting tool which

Pal, Sankar Kumar

225

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 121 Fuzzy Rough Sets: The Forgotten Step  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON FUZZY SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 121 Fuzzy Rough Sets: The Forgotten Step Martine De Cock, Chris Cornelis, and Etienne E. Kerre Abstract--Traditional rough set theory-equivalence relation. However, none of the existing studies on fuzzy rough set theory tries to exploit the fact

Gent, Universiteit

226

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 Yihong Duan National 10, 2009 (Revised) Dateline Revised for Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Corresponding author

Wang, Yuqing

227

Application of fuzzy SOFM neural network and rough set theory on fault diagnosis for rotating machinery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method that applies fuzzy logic, rough set theory and SOFM neural network to rotating machinery fault diagnosis. In this method, firstly, relationships between the fault causations and fault symptoms are established by fuzzy ...

Dongxiang Jiang; Kai Li; Gang Zhao; Jinhui Diao

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Using support vector machines and rough sets theory for classifying faulty types of diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Support vector machines (SVM) and rough sets theory (RST) are two emerging techniques in data analysis. The RST can deal with vague data and remove redundant attributes without losing any information of the data; and SVM has powerful classification ability. ...

Ping-Feng Pai; Yu-Ying Huang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Improved Global Bathymetry, Global Sea Floor Roughness, and Deep Ocean Mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

substantial kinetic energy in the M2 tide and a rough seaenergy of M2 tide .75integrated kinetic energy of the M 2 tide (J/m 2 ) Figure 4-

Becker, Joseph J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Improved global bathymetry, global sea floor roughness, and deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

substantial kinetic energy in the M2 tide and a rough seaenergy of M2 tide .75integrated kinetic energy of the M 2 tide (J/m 2 ) Figure 4-

Becker, Joseph Jeffrey

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Reduction of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to decrease/suppress Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Suppression is required when fluid-structure interaction becomes destructive as in VIM of flexible cylinders or rigid cylinders on elastic support, such as underwater pipelines, marine risers, tubes in heat exchangers, nuclear fuel rods, cooling towers, SPAR offshore platforms.

Bernitsas, Michael M; Raghavan, Kamaldev

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Comprehensive Evaluation Model of Building Energy Efficiency Based on Rough Sets Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to improve the objectivity of building energy efficiency evaluation, this paper uses a new method to evaluate building energy efficiency on the basis of rough sets theory. The contribution of different subentry evaluation indicators...

Ding, L.; Ruan, X.; Huang, J.; Li, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Fuzzy Set Extensions of the Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rough set theory has been proposed by Pawlak in ... operates on an information table composed of a set U of objects described by a set Q of condition and decision attributes. Decision attributes make a partition ...

Salvatore Greco; Benedetto Matarazzo…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Comparative Study on Mathematical Foundations of Type-2 Fuzzy Set, Rough Set and Cloud Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mathematical representation of a concept with uncertainty is one of foundations of Artificial Intelligence. The type-2 fuzzy set introduced by Mendel studies fuzziness of the membership grade of a concept. Rough

Deyi Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Wind Speed Retrieval Based on Sea Surface Roughness Measurements from Spaceborne Microwave Radiometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind speed is the main factor responsible for the increase in ocean thermal emission because sea surface emissivity strongly depends on surface roughness. An alternative approach to estimate the surface wind speed (SWS) as a function of surface ...

Sungwook Hong; Inchul Shin

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Estimation of sector roughness lengths and the effect on prediction of the vertical wind speed profile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An estimate of roughness length is required by some atmospheric models and is also used in the logarithmic profile to determine the increase of wind speed with height under neutral conditions. The choice ... thei...

R. J. Barthelmie; J. P. Palutikof; T. D. Davies

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Enhancement of induced V polarization due to rough interfaces in polycrystalline V/Fe/V trilayers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and polarized neutron reflectometry. Trilayer samples were sputter deposited onto Si substrates at room with the neutron and resonant x-ray data. Notably, this value for structurally rough interfaces is significantly

Haskel, Daniel

238

Roughness-induced Transient Growth: Continuous-spectrum Receptivity and Secondary Instability Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] investigated the boundary layer response to an array of roughness elements that were both repeatable and of significant size. He arranged an array of spheres on a flat plate and contrasted results with single spheres and multi-sphere arrays. These spheres....S., Case Western Reserve University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Edward White This dissertation analyzes the effect of periodic roughness elements on the stability of a flat plate boundary layer. Receptivity data is extracted from direct numerical...

Denissen, Nicholas Allen

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

239

Modeling shallow?water propagation with an appropriate sea?surface roughness spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predictions for shallow?water acoustic propagation are usually accomplished assuming a deep?water spectrum for the sea surface roughness. In addition the effect of surface roughness is normally included through a loss mechanism. However for waveguide propagation the surface roughness mainly causes a redistribution of energy and therefore the use of an accurate model to handle roughness is essential to obtaining accurate results. In order to properly model shallow?water surface roughness the parametric spectrum GONO [Sanders and Bruinsma Wave Dynamics and Radio Probing of the Ocean Surface edited by O. M. Phillips and K. Hassemann (Plenum New York 1986) pp. 615–637] has been implemented. This spectrum is appropriate for wind?driven surfaces in waters ranging in depth from 15 to 100 m. To investigate the impact that different spectra has on the propagating field predictions using GONO and Pierson–Moskowitz spectra are compared for different environments and at frequencies typical of active and passive sonars. An acoustic propagationmodel which includes a conformal mapping algorithm to properly handle sea surface roughness [Norton et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97 2173–2180 (1995)] is used to generate the numerical results. [Work supported by ONR.

Guy V. Norton; Jorge C. Novarini

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Automatic determination about precision parameter value based on inclusion degree with variable precision rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rough set theory provides a powerful approach for attributes reduction and data analysis. The variable precision rough set (VPRS) model, an extension of the original rough set approach, tolerates misclassifications of the training data to some degree, which promotes the applications of rough set theory in inconsistent information systems. However, in most existing algorithms of feature reduction based on VPRS, the precision parameter (?) is introduced as prior knowledge, which restricts their applications because it is not clear how to set the ? value. By studying ?-consistency in the measurement of a decision table and the threshold value of the ?-consistent decision table, this paper presents an algorithm for automatic determination of the precision parameter value from a decision table based on VPRS. At the same time, the precision parameter value from our proposed method is compared with the thresholds from the decision-theoretic rough set (DTRS). The influences of the precision parameter are also discussed on attribute reduction, which shows the necessity of the estimated precision parameter from a decision table. The simulation results including VPRS and other classification methods in real data further indicate that different precision parameter values make a great difference on rules and setting a precise parameter near the threshold value of the ?-consistent decision table can precisely reflect the decision distribution of the decision table.

Yusheng Cheng; Wenfa Zhan; Xindong Wu; Yuzhou Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fluid flow at the interface between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study fluid flow at the interface between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces. I use the contact mechanics model of Persson to take into account the elastic interaction between the solid walls and the Bruggeman effective medium theory to account for the influence of the disorder on the fluid flow. I calculate the flow tensor which determines the pressure flow factor and, e.g., the leak-rate of static seals. I show how the perturbation treatment of Tripp can be extended to arbitrary order in the ratio between the root-mean-square roughness amplitude and the average interfacial surface separation. I introduce a matrix D(Zeta), determined by the surface roughness power spectrum, which can be used to describe the anisotropy of the surface at any magnification Zeta. I present results for the asymmetry factor Gamma(Zeta) (generalized Peklenik number) for grinded steel and sandblasted PMMA surfaces.

B. N. J. Persson

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Validity of the thin mask approximation in extreme ultraviolet mask roughness simulations  

SciTech Connect

In the case of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, modeling has shown that reflector phase roughness on the lithographic mask is a significant concern due to the image plan speckle it causes and the resulting line-edge roughness on imaged features. Modeling results have recently been used to determine the requirements for future production worthy masks yielding the extremely stringent specification of 50 pm rms roughness. Owing to the scale of the problem in terms of memory requirements, past modeling results have all been based on the thin mask approximation. EUV masks, however, are inherently three dimensional in nature and thus the question arises as to the validity of the thin mask approximation. Here we directly compare image plane speckle calculation results using the fast two dimensional thin mask model to rigorous finite-difference time-domain results and find the two methods to be comparable.

Naulleau, Patrick; George, Simi

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

The friction factor of two-dimensional rough-boundary turbulent soap film flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use momentum transfer arguments to predict the friction factor $f$ in two-dimensional turbulent soap-film flows with rough boundaries (an analogue of three-dimensional pipe flow) as a function of Reynolds number Re and roughness $r$, considering separately the inverse energy cascade and the forward enstrophy cascade. At intermediate Re, we predict a Blasius-like friction factor scaling of $f\\propto\\textrm{Re}^{-1/2}$ in flows dominated by the enstrophy cascade, distinct from the energy cascade scaling of $\\textrm{Re}^{-1/4}$. For large Re, $f \\sim r$ in the enstrophy-dominated case. We use conformal map techniques to perform direct numerical simulations that are in satisfactory agreement with theory, and exhibit data collapse scaling of roughness-induced criticality, previously shown to arise in the 3D pipe data of Nikuradse.

Nicholas Guttenberg; Nigel Goldenfeld

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

244

A decision making model using soft set and rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In modern era of computing, there is a need of development in data analysis and decision making. Most of our tools are crisp, deterministic and precise in character. But general real life situations contains uncertainties. To handle such uncertainties many theories are developed such as fuzzy set, rough set, rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces etc. But all these theories have their own limitations. To overcome the limitations, the concept of soft set is introduced. But, soft set also fails if the attributes in the information system are almost identical rather exactly identical. In this paper, we propose a decision making model that consists of two processes such as preprocess and postprocess to mine decisions. In preprocess we use rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces to get the almost equivalence classes whereas in postprocess we use soft set techniques to obtain decisions. The proposed model is tested over an institutional dataset and the results show practical viability of the proposed research.

T.K. Das; D.P. Acharjya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Enhancement of induced V polarization due to rough interfaces in polycrystalline V/Fe/V trilayers  

SciTech Connect

The effect of interface roughness on the induced polarization of V in polycrystalline V/Fe/V trilayers was investigated with x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, x-ray resonant magnetic scattering, and polarized neutron reflectometry. Trilayer samples were sputter deposited onto Si substrates at room temperature to minimize interdiffusion. The films were polycrystalline and exhibited an average 0.5 nm root-mean-square interfacial roughness at the Fe/V interfaces. The induced polarization found in V was constrained to the Fe/V interface extending approximately up to 2-3 monolayers into the V and exhibited antiferromagnetic alignment to the Fe layer. A magnetic moment for V ranging between -0.46 and -0.86 {micro}{sub B}/V atom is consistent with the neutron and resonant x-ray data. Notably, this value for structurally rough interfaces is significantly larger than that reported for samples with atomically flat Fe/V interfaces.

Clavero, C.; Sanchez-Hanke, C.; Skuza, R.; Choi,Y.; Loloee,R.; Zhernenkov, M.; Fitzsimmons, M.R.; Lukaszew, R.A

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

246

Interfacial separation between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces: comparison of experiment with theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the average separation between an elastic solid and a hard solid with a nominal flat but randomly rough surface, as a function of the squeezing pressure. We present experimental results for a silicon rubber (PDMS) block with a flat surface squeezed against an asphalt road surface. The theory shows that an effective repulse pressure act between the surfaces of the form p proportional to exp(-u/u0), where u is the average separation between the surfaces and u0 a constant of order the root-mean-square roughness, in good agreement with the experimental results.

B. Lorenz; B. N. J. Persson

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

247

On the Compliance of Simbol-X Mirror Roughness with its Effective Area Requirements  

SciTech Connect

Surface microroughness of X-ray mirrors is a key issue for the angular resolution of Simbol-X to comply with the required one (<20 arcsec at 30 keV). The maximum tolerable microroughness for Simbol-X mirrors, in order to satisfy the required imaging capability, has already been derived in terms of its PSD (Power Spectral Density). However, also the Effective Area of the telescope is affected by the mirror roughness. In this work we will show how the expected effective area of the Simbol-X mirror module can be computed from the roughness PSD tolerance, checking its compliance with the requirements.

Spiga, D.; Basso, S.; Cotroneo, V.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera-Via Bianchi 46-23807 Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

248

Investigation of wall friction in noncircular ducts with a rough liner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phenomena in circular rough ducts and. these test data are discussed. 2. The test data of this research are similar to that shown by Nikuradse for fluid flow in pipes having artifi- cially roughened, inside surfaces. It is doubtful if Golebrook... in the relative roughness of the duct. The curves of Reynolds number versus friction factor are somewhat similar to those plotted by Nikuradse for fluid flow in artificially roughened round pipe. The shape of the curves is quite similar, but there is a...

Tyler, John Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Unsupervised feature selection in digital mammogram image using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feature Selection (FS) is a process which attempts to select features which are more informative. In this paper, a novel unsupervised FS in mammogram images, using rough set-based relative dependency measures, is proposed. A typical mammogram image processing system generally consists of mammogram image acquisition, pre-processing of image, segmentation and features extraction from the segmented mammogram image. The proposed unsupervised FS method is used to select features from data sets; the method is compared with existing rough set based supervised FS methods, and the classification performance of both methods are recorded and demonstrate the efficiency of this method.

K. Thangavel; C. Velayutham

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Y.Y. Yao, Three-way decisions with probabilistic rough sets, Information Sciences, Vol. 180, No. 3, pp. 341-353, 2010.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model. The results enrich the rough set theory by ideas from Bayesian decision theory and hypothesis of incorrect decisions make the rough set theory practical in applications. Key words: Decision-theoretic roughY.Y. Yao, Three-way decisions with probabilistic rough sets, Information Sciences, Vol. 180, No. 3

Yao, Yiyu

251

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRICTION FACTOR IN HIGH PRESSURE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES FROM ROUGHNESS MEASUREMENTS DETERMINATION DU and Technology, Norway ABSTRACT Pressure drop experiments on natural gas flow at 80 to 120 bar pressure and high of natural gas at typical operating pressures (100-180 bar). At such Reynolds numbers the classical Colebrook

Gudmundsson, Jon Steinar

252

Rough Set Dependency Analysis in Evaluation Studies An Application in the Study of Repeated Heart Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of repeated heart attacks. 1 Introduction In many cases it is not possible to obtain complete ­ or certain analysis can be applied to an investi- gation into the causes of repeated heart attacks con- ductedRough Set Dependency Analysis in Evaluation Studies ­ An Application in the Study of Repeated Heart

Düntsch, Ivo

253

Numerical simulation of noise generated by multi asperity contact between rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The validation of the method is then discussed by comparison with the finite element software Abaqus and someNumerical simulation of noise generated by multi asperity contact between rough surfaces V.H. Dang at the interface that convert a part of the kinetic energy of the sliding solid into acoustical energy. 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Application of an acoustic backscatter technique for characterizing the roughness of porous soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allow the water from rainfall to pool. Much work has been done to examine the effects of roughness to erosion control of agricultural sur- faces since it impedes water run-off. If a fallow agricultural field on soil erosion.1­4 For soil conservation use it is important to have the ability to rapidly quantify

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

255

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

Minnesota, University of

256

Experimental study on flow and ventilation behaviours over idealised urban roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flows in the urban boundary layer (UBL) are strongly affected by the inhomogeneous roughness elements at the bottom surface. In particular, in the near-ground region (roughness sublayer), the effect of the surface roughness dominates that complicates the behaviours of mean flow and turbulence and subsequently the near-wall transport processes. To safeguard the health of urban inhabitants, it is crucial to develop an in-depth understanding of the correlation among near-wall fluid motions, UBL turbulence and city ventilation. However, rather limited information is available. In this study, physical modelling in a laboratory wind tunnel is employed to measure the profiles of both stream-wise and vertical velocities over an array consisting of idealised two-dimensional (2D) roughness elements. Various arrangements are adopted in attempt to cover different flow regimes to examine city ventilation problems. The ventilation performance is measured by the air exchange rate (ACH). Consistent with our previous large-eddy simulation (LES) results, the current wind tunnel measurements suggest that city ventilation is dominated by the ACH turbulent component, i.e., air masses are mainly driven by atmospheric turbulence (at least 80% of the total ACH).

Yat-Kiu Ho; Chun-Ho Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Entropy of English text: Experiments with humans and a machine learning system based on rough sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different types of text material (Shannon used only a single book). We also show how the results are affected when we replace the human subjects with a machine learning system based on rough sets. Automating the play of the guessing game with this system...

Moradi, H.; Grzymala-Busse, Jerzy W.; Roberts, James A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Geometrical and transport properties of single fractures: influence of the roughness of the fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometrical and transport properties of single fractures: influence of the roughness of the fracture walls H. Auradou Univ Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, F-91405. Lab FAST, Bat reviews the main features of the transport properties of single fractures. A particular attention paid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

Patch dynamics and stability in steep, rough streams E. M. Yager,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patch dynamics and stability in steep, rough streams E. M. Yager,1 W. E. Dietrich,2 J. W. Kirchner boulders and more mobile patches of gravel and cobbles. Little is known about how variability in flow and sediment flux affect the area, thickness, composition, and grain mobility of sediment patches. To better

Kirchner, James W.

260

Evaluation of bedload transport predictions using flow resistance equations to account for macro-roughness in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

August 2011. [1] Steep mountain streams typically feature macro-roughness elements like boulders, step measured annually, and for the other seven streams sediment volume estimates were available for large flood during floods is a frequent natural haz- ard. Using data from the Swiss flood and landslide damage

Kirchner, James W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Atmospheric Momentum Roughness Applied to Stage-Discharge Relationships in Flood Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­Weisbach formula is modified to account for vegetative resistance by application of surface roughness lengths appropriate friction factors. Schlicting 1955 reviews the relationship between the Ni- kuradsse's equivalent 1996 developed and calibrated procedures to estimate flow resistance based on the Colebrook

262

Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 Finding transition pathways: throwing ropes over rough  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rugged line indicates the roughness that generally characterizes the potential energy surface of a high pass between the stable states, the resulting transmission coefficient would be very small, and its a plateau value that is very small compared to , so small that the computation is a nearly impractical route

Chandler, David

263

Estimation of the aerodynamic roughness length in arid and semi-arid regions over the globe with the ERS scatterometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimation of the aerodynamic roughness length in arid and semi-arid regions over the globe 2005. [1] Estimates of the aerodynamic roughness lengths z0 in arid and semi-arid regions: Prigent, C., I. Tegen, F. Aires, B. Marticorena, and M. Zribi (2005), Estimation of the aerodynamic

Aires, Filipe

264

Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during the deposition of thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1645 Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during). The surface roughness evolution was calculated as a function of thickness from the soft X-ray reflectance Abstracts 07.60H - 68.20 - 68.55 - 78.65 Introduction. Soft X-ray reflectometry (SXR) was introduced

Boyer, Edmond

265

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces in multilayered systems. I. Specular reflectivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from structurally and magnetically rough interfaces formulation of x-ray resonant magnetic scattering from rough surfaces and interfaces is given for specular/Fe multilayer. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.68.224409 PACS number s : 75.70.Cn, 61.10.Kw I. INTRODUCTION X-ray

Haskel, Daniel

266

A weighted bee colony optimisation hybrid with rough set reduct algorithm for feature selection in the medical domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feature selection refers to the problem of selecting the set of most relevant features which produces the most predictive outcome. Rough set theory has been one of the most successful methods used for feature selection. However, this method is still not able to find the optimal subsets. This paper proposes a new feature selection method based on rough set theory hybrid with a weighted bee colony optimisation (WBCO) in an attempt to combat this. This proposed work is applied in the medical domain to find the minimal reducts and experimentally compared with the existing rough set methods, rough set methods with computational intelligence and non-rough set methods. The performance is analysed with a novel genetic algorithm-based k-nearest neighbour (GkNN) classifier. The experiments and results show that our proposed method could find optimum reducts than the other algorithms.

N. Suguna; K. Thanushkodi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Interfacial Friction in Gas-Liquid Annular Flow: Analogies to Full and Transition Roughness  

SciTech Connect

New film thickness and pressure gradient data were obtained in a 5.08 by 101.6 mm duct for nitrogen and water in annular flow. Pressures of 3.4 and 17 atm and temperatures of 38 and 93 C were used to vary the gas density and liquid viscosity. These data are used to compute interfacial shear stresses and interfacial friction factors for comparison with several accepted literature correlations. These comparisons are reasonable for small values of the relative film thickness. However, the new data cover conditions not approached by the data used to construct those correlations. By combining the current data with the results of two other comprehensive modern experimental studies, a new correlation for the interfacial friction factor has been developed. This correlation adds elements of transition roughness to Wallis' fully-rough analogy to better predict interfacial friction factors over a wide range of gas Reynolds numbers and liquid film thicknesses.

Bauer, R.C.; Beus, S.G.; Fore, L.B.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Partial order relation for approximation operators in covering based rough sets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Covering based rough sets are a generalization of classical rough sets, in which the traditional partition of the universe induced by an equivalence relation is replaced by a covering. Many definitions have been proposed for the lower and upper approximations within this setting. In this paper, we recall the most important ones and organize them into sixteen dual pairs. Then, to provide more insight into their structure, we investigate order relationships that hold among the approximation operators. In particular, we study a point-wise partial order for lower (resp., upper) approximation operators, that can be used to compare their respective approximation fineness. We establish the Hasse diagram for the partial order, showing the relationship between any pair of lower (resp., upper) operators, and identifying its minimal and maximal elements.

Mauricio Restrepo; Chris Cornelis; Jonatan Gómez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A rough set-based corporate memory for the case of ecotourism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Corporate memory (CM) is a major asset of any modern organization and provides access to the strategic knowledge and experience making a company more competitive. Until now, CM has not been broadly applied to tourisms, where changes are rapid, both in the nature of eco-tourist behavior and impact on the environment. In order to develop sustainable ecotourism, agile decision-making based on rules induced from data is required. However, ecotourism often provides numerous qualitative data. The qualitative nature of the data makes it difficult to analyze using standard statistical techniques. The rough set approach is suitable for processing qualitative information. In this paper, the proposed CM is incorporated within the rough set in the tourism sector, to provide efficient knowledge management for resolving the problems: (1) to understand the purposes for traveling of tourists and their feedback, and (2) to improve a travel package for attracting valued eco-tourists and reducing environmental damage.

Chun-Che Huang; Wen-Yau Liang; Tzu-Liang (Bill) Tseng; Ruo-Yin Wong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

An intelligent knowledge mining model for kidney cancer using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medical diagnosis processes vary in the degree to which they attempt to deal with different complicating aspects of diagnosis such as relative importance of symptoms, varied symptom pattern and the relation between diseases themselves. Rough set approach has two major advantages over the other methods. First, it can handle different types of data such as categorical, numerical etc. Secondly, it does not make any assumption like probability distribution function in stochastic modeling or membership grade function in fuzzy set theory. It involves pattern recognition through logical computational rules rather than approximating them through smooth mathematical functional forms. In this paper we use rough set theory as a data mining tool to derive useful patterns and rules for kidney cancer faulty diagnosis. In particular, the historical data of twenty five research hospitals and medical college is used for validation and the results show the practical viability of the proposed approach.

M.A. Saleem Durai; D.P. Acharjya; A. Kannan; N.Ch. Sriman Narayana Iyengar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Electrochemical machining process for forming surface roughness elements on a gas turbine shroud  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The back side recessed cooling surface of a shroud defining in part the hot gas path of a turbine is electrochemically machined to provide surface roughness elements and spaces therebetween to increase the heat transfer coefficient. To accomplish this, an electrode with insulating dielectric portions and non-insulating portions is disposed in opposition to the cooling surface. By passing an electrolyte between the cooling surface and electrode and applying an electrical current between the electrode and a shroud, roughness elements and spaces therebetween are formed in the cooling surface in opposition to the insulating and non-insulating portions of the electrode, hence increasing the surface area and heat transfer coefficient of the shroud.

Lee, Ching-Pang (Cincinnati, OH); Johnson, Robert Alan (Simpsonville, SC); Wei, Bin (Mechanicville, NY); Wang, Hsin-Pang (Rexford, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Roughing It: A Mantellid Poison Frog Shows Greater Alkaloid Diversity in Some Disturbed Habitats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Roughing It: A Mantellid Poison Frog Shows Greater Alkaloid Diversity in Some Disturbed Habitats# ... The alkaloids in mantellids are typically of a molecular weight less than 400 amu and are mainly of the “izidine” classes, e.g., pyrrolizidines, indolizidines, and quinolizidines, the latter two sometimes elaborated with complex side-chains as in the pumiliotoxin and homopumiliotoxin classes, respectively (Figure 1). ... Representative alkaloid structures of each class observed in the current study. ...

Nirina R. Andriamaharavo; H. Martin Garraffo; Ralph A. Saporito; John W. Daly; Christian R. Razafindrabe; Marta Andriantsiferana; Thomas F. Spande

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

273

Global Distribution of Ice Cloud Particle Shape and Roughness from PARASOL Satellite Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reflected back to space by a factor of two (Baran 2012; Ulanowski et al. 2006). Particle shape can also have a large impact on the radiative properties and can influence the cloud radiative forcing. To reduce these uncertainties and deliver more accurate... rosettes, plates, and columns. Surface roughness has been observed in laboratory measurements of ice and in field campaigns (Baran et al. 2011; Ulanowski et al. 2006). Thermodynamic conditions influence whether an ice particle is roughened and how...

Cole, Benjamin

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Dominance-based rough set approach and analytic network process for assessing urban transformation scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows the contribution that two different multiple criteria decision aiding (MCDA) methods could provide in the field of strategic decisions and urban and territorial planning. In particular, the analytic network process and the dominance-based rough set approach have been considered and discussed in the work with reference to their role in supporting such decision-making processes, trying to compare the different contributions given by the two approaches in this specific domain of application.

Francesca Abastante; Marta Bottero; Salvatore Greco; Isabella M. Lami

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Three-Dimensional Morphology of Stylolites: Roughness Analysis and Possible Genetic Implications  

SciTech Connect

Stylolites are dynamic roughly planar surfaces formed by pressure solution of blocks of rocks into each other. The three-dimensional geometry of 12 bedding-parallel stylolites in several limestones was measured using laser and mechanical profilometers, and statistical characteristics of the surfaces were calculated. All the stylolites analyzed turn out to have self-affine fractal roughness with a well-characterized crossover length scale separating two self-affine regimes. Strikingly, this characteristic length scale falls within a very narrow range for all the stylolites studied, regardless of the microstructure sizes. To explain the data, we propose a continuous phenomenological model that accounts for the development of the measured roughness from an initially flat surface. The model postulates that the complex interface morphology is the result of competition between the long-range elastic redistribution of local stress fluctuations, which roughen the surface, and surface tension forces along the interface, which smooth it. The model accounts for the geometrical variability of stylolite surfaces and predicts the dependence of the crossover length scale on the mechanical properties of the rock.

Francois Renard; Jean Schmittbuhl; Jean-Pierre Gratier; Paul Meakin; Enrique Merino

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Energy production rates in fluid mixtures of inelastic rough hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to explore the combined effect of polydispersity and roughness on the partial energy production rates and on the total cooling rate of a granular fluid mixture. We consider a mixture of inelastic rough hard spheres of different number densities, masses, diameters, moments of inertia, and mutual coefficients of normal and tangential restitution. Starting from the first equation of the BBGKY hierarchy, the collisional energy production rates associated with the translational and rotational temperatures ($T_i^\\text{tr}$ and $T_i^\\text{rot}$) are expressed in terms of two-body average values. Next, those average values are estimated by assuming a velocity distribution function based on maximum-entropy arguments, allowing us to express the energy production rates and the total cooling rate in terms of the partial temperatures and the parameters of the mixture. Finally, the results are applied to the homogeneous cooling state of a binary mixture and the influence of inelasticity and roughness on the temperature ratios $T_1^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{rot}$, $T_2^\\text{tr}/T_1^\\text{tr}$, and $T_2^\\text{rot}/T_1^\\text{rot}$ is analyzed.

Andrés Santos; Gilberto M. Kremer; Vicente Garzó

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

Dopant atom clustering and charge screening induced roughness of electronic interfaces in GaAs p-n multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The roughness of the electronic interfaces of p-n GaAs multilayers is investigated by cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy. Two physically different contributions to the roughness are found, both much larger than the underlying atomically sharp “metallurgical” interface. The roughness arises from the individual electrostatic screening fields around each dopant atom near the interface and from a clustering of dopant atoms. The latter leads to charge-carrier-depleted zones extending locally through the entire nominally homogeneously doped layer for layer thicknesses close to the cluster dimension, hence limiting the precision of the spatial and energetic positioning of the Fermi energy in nanoscale semiconductor structures.

N. D. Jäger, K. Urban, E. R. Weber, and Ph. Ebert

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

278

Yao, Y.Y., Decision-theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Computer Science (Ji Suan Ji Ke Xue), Vol. 35, No. 8A, pp. 7-8, 2008.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yao, Y.Y., Decision-theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Computer Science (Ji Suan Ji Ke Xue), Vol. 35, No. 8A, pp. 7-8, 2008. Decision-Theoretic Rough Set Models (DTRSM) Yiyu (Y.Y.) Yao Department://www.cs.uregina.ca/~yyao The standard rough sets model is a qualitative model that defines three regions for approximating a subset

Yao, Yiyu

279

44 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRONICS PACKAGING MANUFACTURING, VOL. 24, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 Rough Set Theory: A Data Mining Tool for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

44 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRONICS PACKAGING MANUFACTURING, VOL. 24, NO. 1, JANUARY 2001 Rough Set of new knowledge, and autonomous decision- making. In this paper, the basic concepts of rough set theory and other aspects of data mining are introduced. The rough set theory offers a viable approach

Kusiak, Andrew

280

Influences of Sea Surface Temperature Gradients and Surface Roughness Changes on the Motion of Surface Oil: A Simple Idealized Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors' modeling shows that changes in sea surface temperature (SST) gradients and surface roughness between oil-free water and oil slicks influence the motion of the slick. Physically significant changes occur in surface wind speed, surface ...

Yangxing Zheng; Mark A. Bourassa; Paul Hughes

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Developing a Knowledge-Based System Using Rough Set Theory and Genetic Algorithms for Substation Fault Diagnosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter proposes a novel and hybrid approach using Rough Set Theory and a Genetic Algorithm (RS-GA) indexrough hybrid to extract knowledge from a set of events captured by (microprocessor based) protection, ...

Ching Lai Hor; Peter Crossley; Simon Watson…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A New Multi-Gaussian Auto-Correlation Function for the Modeling of Realistic Shot Peened Random Rough Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Shot peening is the primary surface treatment used to create a uniform, consistent, and reliable sub-surface compressive residual stress layer in aero engine components. A by-product of the shot peening process is random surface roughness that can affect the measurements of the resulting residual stresses and therefore impede their NDE assessment. High frequency eddy current conductivity measurements have the potential to assess these residual stresses in Ni-base super alloys. However, the effect of random surface roughness is expected to become significant in the desired measurement frequency range of 10 to 100 MHz. In this paper, a new Multi-Gaussian (MG) auto-correlation function is proposed for modeling the resulting pseudo-random rough profiles. Its use in the calculation of the Apparent Eddy Current Conductivity (AECC) loss due to surface roughness is demonstrated. The numerical results presented need to be validated with experimental measurements.

Hassan, W. [Honeywell Aerospace, 111 S. 34th Street, M/S 503-118 Phoenix, AZ 85034 (United States); Blodgett, M. [Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/MLLP), 2230 10th Street, Suite 1, Dayton, OH 45433 (United States)

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

283

Positional cloning and characterization of the Rotten Ear (Rte) gene in Zea mays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with EcoRI and SalI, with Cold Fusion technology (System+2x35S cut with XhoI using Cold Fusion technology (SystemXhoI and XbaI cut sites using Cold Fusion technology (System

Tabi, Ma Zara Emilia Marañon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Positional cloning and characterization of the Rotten Ear (Rte) gene in Zea mays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using the primers RE-cds-F1 with RE-cds-R3 and RE-cds-F3RE-cds- R2 for Rte, RteL-cds-F1 with RteL-cds-R1 and RteL-R6 for Rte, and RteL-RTPCR-F1 with RteL-RTPCR-R1 for Rte-L (

Tabi, Ma Zara Emilia Marañon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fluid squeeze-out between rough surfaces: comparison of theory with experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the time dependency of the (average) interfacial separation between an elastic solid with a flat surface and a rigid solid with a randomly rough surface, squeezed together in a fluid. We use an analytical theory describing the fluid flow factors, based on the Persson contact mechanics theory and the Bruggeman effective medium theory, to calculate the removal of the fluid from the contacting interface of the two solids. In order to test this approach, we have performed simple squeeze-out experiments. The experimental results are compared to the theory predictions.

B. Lorenz; B. N. J. Persson

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effect of residual stress and surface roughness on the fatigue behaviour of aluminium matrix composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation the fatigue properties of specimens manufactured with different turning parameters were investigated in stress-controlled constant amplitude tests at ambient temperature. The change of feed rate and depth of cut lead to a change in the near surface microstructure. Hence the fatigue properties were influenced significantly due to different surface roughness and surface residual stress resulting from the unequal turning processes. The cyclic deformation behaviour of AMC225xe is characterised by pronounced initial cyclic hardening. Continuous load increase tests allow a reliable estimation of the endurance limit of AMC225xe with one single specimen on the basis of cyclic deformation, temperature and electrical resistance data.

M Smaga; D Eifler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Anomalous scaling and super-roughness in the growth of CdTe polycrystalline films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CdTe films grown on glass substrates covered by fluorine doped tin oxide by Hot Wall Epitaxy (HWE) were studied through the interface dynamical scaling theory. Direct measures of the dynamical exponent revealed an intrinsically anomalous scaling characterized by a global roughness exponent $\\alpha$ distinct from the local one (the Hurst exponent $H$), previously reported [Ferreira \\textit{et al}., Appl. Phys. Lett. \\textbf{88}, 244103 (2006)]. A variety of scaling behaviors was obtained with varying substrate temperature. In particular, a transition from a intrinsically anomalous scaling regime with $H\

Angélica S. Mata; Silvio C. Ferreira, Jr.; Igor R. B. Ribeiro; Sukarno O. Ferreira

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

Turbulent Friction in Rough Pipes and the Energy Spectrum of the Phenomenological Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical experiments on turbulent friction in rough pipes were performed by J. Nikuradse in the 1930's. Seventy years later, they continue to defy theory. Here we model Nikuradse's experiments using the phenomenological theory of Kolmog\\'orov, a theory that is widely thought to be applicable only to highly idealized flows. Our results include both the empirical scalings of Blasius and Strickler, and are otherwise in minute qualitative agreement with the experiments; they suggest that the phenomenological theory may be relevant to other flows of practical interest; and they unveil the existence of close ties between two milestones of experimental and theoretical turbulence.

G. Gioia; Pinaki Chakraborty

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

289

Extraction of design rules from multi-objective design exploration (MODE) using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-objective design exploration (MODE) and its application for design rule extraction are presented. MODE reveals the structure of design space from the trade-off information. The self-organizing map (SOM) is incorporated into MODE as a visual data-mining tool for design space. SOM divides the design space into clusters with specific design features. The sufficient conditions for belonging to a cluster of interest are extracted using rough set theory. The resulting MODE was applied to the multidisciplinary wing design problem, which revealed a cluster of good designs, and we extracted the design rules of such designs successfully.

Shigeru Obayashi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

An efficient classifier design integrating Rough Set and Dempster-Shafer Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integrated approach of knowledge discovery has been proposed in the paper using Rough Set Theory (RST) and Dempster-Shafer's (D-S) theory where high dimensional data is reduced in two folds. Firstly, unimportant attributes are eliminated using RST generating minimal subset of attributes, called reducts. Considering each core attribute as root of a decision tree, classification rules are built and grouped based on some similarity measure. Representative of each group constitute the new rule set and thus rules has been reduced while important information are retained. D-S theory ensembles the rules from which a classifier with highest accuracy has been selected.

Asit Kumar Das; Jaya Sil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

EFFECTS OF GRAPHITE SURFACE ROUGHNESS ON BYPASS FLOW COMPUTATIONS FOR AN HTGR  

SciTech Connect

Bypass flow in a prismatic high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) occurs between graphite blocks as they sit side by side in the core. Bypass flow is not intentionally designed to occur in the reactor, but is present because of tolerances in manufacture, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage of the blocks from heating and irradiation. It is desired to increase the knowledge of the effects of such flow, which has been estimated to be as much as 20% of the total helium coolant flow. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations can provide estimates of the scale and impacts of bypass flow. Previous CFD calculations have examined the effects of bypass gap width, level and distribution of heat generation and effects of shrinkage. The present contribution examines the effects of graphite surface roughness on the bypass flow for different relative roughness factors on three gap widths. Such calculations should be validated using specific bypass flow measurements. While such experiments are currently underway for the specific reference prismatic HTGR design for the next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) program of the U. S. Dept. of Energy, the data are not yet available. To enhance confidence in the present calculations, wall shear stress and heat transfer results for several turbulence models and their associated wall treatments are first compared for flow in a single tube that is representative of a coolant channel in the prismatic HTGR core. The results are compared to published correlations for wall shear stress and Nusselt number in turbulent pipe flow. Turbulence models that perform well are then used to make bypass flow calculations in a symmetric onetwelfth sector of a prismatic block that includes bypass flow. The comparison of shear stress and Nusselt number results with published correlations constitutes a partial validation of the CFD model. Calculations are also compared to ones made previously using a different CFD code. Results indicate that increasing surface roughness increases the maximum fuel and helium temperatures as do increases in gap width. However, maximum coolant temperature variation due to increased gap width is not changed by surface roughness.

Rich Johnson; Yu-Hsin Tung; Hiroyuki Sato

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Investigating surface roughness, material removal rate and corrosion resistance in PMEDM of ?-TiAl intermetallic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Titanium aluminide intermetallics offer an attractive combination of low density and good oxidation, corrosion and ignition resistance with unique mechanical properties. In this study two series of machining tests are designed. Firstly the powder mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM) of ?-TiAl by means of different powders such as aluminum, chrome, silicon carbide, graphite and iron is performed to investigate the output characteristics of surface roughness and topography, material removal rate (MRR), electrochemical corrosion resistance of machined samples and also the machined surfaces are investigated by means of EDS and XRD analyses. Secondly after selection the aluminum powder as the most appropriate kind of powder, the current, pulse on time, powder size and powder concentration are changed in different levels for overall comparison between EDM and PMEDM output characteristics. In the first setting of input machining parameters, aluminum powder improves the surface roughness of TiAl sample about 32% comparing with EDM case and also aluminum particles with the size of 2 ?m, in the second setting of input parameters lead to 54% enhancement of MRR comparing with EDM case. The electrochemical corrosion results show that, corrosion resistance of the samples which are machined by graphite and chrome powders respectively are about three and two times more than the sample which is machined without powder.

Behzad Jabbaripour; Mohammad Hossein Sadeghi; Mohammad Reza Shabgard; Hossein Faraji

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Entropy based unsupervised Feature Selection in digital mammogram image using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feature Selection (FS) is a process, which attempts to select features, which are more informative. In the supervised FS methods various feature subsets are evaluated using an evaluation function or metric to select only those features, which are related to the decision classes of the data under consideration. However, for many data mining applications, decision class labels are often unknown or incomplete, thus indicating the significance of unsupervised FS. However, in unsupervised learning, decision class labels are not provided. The problem is that not all features are important. Some of the features may be redundant, and others may be irrelevant and noisy. In this paper, a novel unsupervised FS in mammogram image, using rough set-based entropy measures, is proposed. A typical mammogram image processing system generally consists of mammogram image acquisition, pre-processing of image, segmentation, features extracted from the segmented mammogram image. The proposed method is used to select features from data set, the method is compared with the existing rough set-based supervised FS methods and classification performance of both methods are recorded and demonstrates the efficiency of the method.

C. Velayutham; K. Thangavel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Gene selection using rough set based on neighborhood for the analysis of plant stress response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Gene selection and sample classification based on gene expression data are important research trends in bioinformatics. It is very difficult to select significant genes closely related to classification because of the high dimension and small sample size of gene expression data. Rough set based on neighborhood has been successfully applied to gene selection, as it selects attributes without redundancy and deals with numerical attributes directly. Construction of neighborhoods, approximation operators and attribute reduction algorithm are three key components in this gene selection approach. In this study, a novel neighborhood named intersection neighborhood for numerical data was defined. The performances of two kinds of approximation operators were compared on gene expression data. A significant gene selection algorithm, which was applied to the analysis of plant stress response, was proposed by using positive region and gene ranking, and then this algorithm with thresholds optimization for intersection neighborhood was extended. The performance of the proposed algorithm, along with a comparison with other related methods, classical algorithms and rough set methods, was analyzed. The results of experiments on four data sets showed that intersection neighborhood was more flexible to adapt to the data with various structure, and approximation operator based on elementary set was more suitable for this application than that based on element. That was to say that the proposed algorithms were effective, as they could select significant gene subsets without redundancy and achieve high classification accuracy.

Jun Meng; Jing Zhang; Rui Li; Yushi Luan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Precision coupling system modelling based on rough set and support vector machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a research into the use of rough set (RS) for the precision coupling system modelling based on support vector machine (SVM). Because of the impact of multiple geometric parameters, there are more input variables in the precision coupling system modelling process. The high-dimensional data poses an interesting challenge to machine learning, as the presence of large numbers of redundant or highly correlated variables can seriously degrade modelling accuracy. In this study, a modelling method was developed based on rough set and support vector machine for precision coupling system. We used RS as the pre-processor for precision coupling system modelling, so as to realise dimension reduction of the high-dimensional data and improve the predictive performance of machine learning method, and then SVM was used for precision coupling system modelling. Experiments were carried out on a typical precision coupling, hydraulic valve. The results show that the use of RS method can improve the performance of machine learning in the modelling of high-dimensional data.

Jian-wei Ma; Fu-ji Wang; Zhen-yuan Jia; Wei Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Feature selection for transient stability assessment based on kernelized fuzzy rough sets and memetic algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new feature selection method based on kernelized fuzzy rough sets (KFRS) and the memetic algorithm (MA) is proposed for transient stability assessment of power systems. Considering the possible real-time information provided by wide-area measurement systems, a group of system-level classification features are extracted from the power system operation parameters to build the original feature set. By defining a KFRS-based generalized classification function as the separability criterion, the memetic algorithm based on binary differential evolution (BDE) and Tabu search (TS) is employed to obtain the optimal feature subsets with the maximized classification capability. The proposed method may avoid the information loss caused by the feature discretization process of the rough-set based attribute selection, and comprehensively utilize the advantages of BDE and TS to improve the solution quality and search efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by the application results on the New England 39-bus power system and the southern power system of Hebei province.

Xueping Gu; Yang Li; Jinghua Jia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Effect of nanoscale surface roughness on the bonding energy of direct-bonded silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct wafer bonding of silicon wafers is a promising technology for manufacturing three-dimensional complex microelectromechanical systems as well as silicon-on-insulator substrates. Previous work has reported that the bond quality declines with increasing surface roughness however this relationship has not been quantified. This article explicitly correlates the bond quality which is quantified by the apparent bonding energy and the surface morphology via the bearing ratio which describes the area of surface lying above a given depth. The apparent bonding energy is considered to be proportional to the real area of contact. The effective area of contact is defined as the area sufficiently close to contribute to the attractive force between the two bonding wafers. Experiments were conducted with silicon wafers whose surfaces were roughened by a buffered oxide etch solution (BOE HF:NH 4 F =1:7) and/or a potassium hydroxide solution. The surface roughness was measured by atomic force microscopy. The wafers were direct bonded to polished “monitor” wafers following a standard RCA cleaning and the resulting bonding energy was measured by the crack-opening method. The experimental results revealed a clear correlation between the bonding energy and the bearing ratio. A bearing depth of ?1.4 nm was found to be appropriate for the characterization of direct-bonded silicon at room temperature which is consistent with the thickness of the water layer at the interface responsible for the hydrogen bonds that link the mating wafers.

N. Miki; S. M. Spearing

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Optical measurement of the rms (root-mean-square) roughness of ion-bombarded surfaces. Final report, 1986-1987  

SciTech Connect

Ion-implantation and related ion-beam-processing techniques are used to modify the surface of materials and produce certain desirable properties. However, these methods sometimes roughen the surfaces to which they are applied. If undetected, such roughness can lead to erroneous interpretation of data gathered by most standard surface-analysis techniques. Many surface profilometers and scanning electron microscopes lack sufficient spatial resolution to detect fine-scale roughness that can complicate the data interpretation. A simple optical instrument was constructed to measure the root-mean-square (rms) roughness, below about 100 nm, of ion bombarded surfaces. This instrument measures the total integrated scatter (TIS) of almost normally incident laser light, which (under conditions specified by scalar scattering (theory)) is simply related to the rms surface roughness. This paper describes the construction and calibration of the TIS instrument. In addition, it presents results on the rms roughness of several ion-beam-processed systems, including TiN films on Si and Cr and Cr/sub 2/O/sub 3/ films on AISI 52100 steel, ion beam mixed Mo in Al, Si(x)N(1-x) refractive layers, and GaAs/AlAs superlattices.

Ferguson, C.D.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

299

Improved detection of rough defects for ultrasonic NDE inspections based on finite element modeling of elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect

Defects which posses rough surfaces greatly affect ultrasonic wave scattering behaviour, often reducing the magnitude of reflected signals. Ultrasonic inspections rely upon this response for detecting and sizing flaws. For safety critical components reliable characterisation is crucial. Therefore, providing an accurate means to predict reductions in signal amplitude is essential. An extension of Kirchhoff theory has formed the basis for the UK power industry inspection justifications. However, it is widely recognised that these predictions are pessimistic owing to analytical approximations. A numerical full field modelling approach does not fall victim to such limitations. Here, a Finite Element model is used to aid in setting a non-conservative reporting threshold during the inspection of a large pressure vessel forging that might contain embedded rough defects. The ultrasonic response from multiple rough surfaces defined by the same statistical class is calculated for normal incident compression waves. The approach is validated by comparing coherent scattering with predictions made by Kirchhoff theory. At lower levels of roughness excellent agreement is observed, whilst higher values confirm the pessimism of Kirchhoff theory. Furthermore, the mean amplitude in the specular direction is calculated. This represents the information obtained during an inspection, indicating that reductions due to increasing roughness are significantly less than the coherent component currently being used.

Pettit, J. R. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby, UK, DE21 7XX and Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Walker, A. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby DE21 7XX (United Kingdom); Lowe, M. J. S. [Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

300

Organic photosensitive cells grown on rough electrode with nano-scale morphology control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optoelectronic device and a method for fabricating the optoelectronic device includes a first electrode disposed on a substrate, an exposed surface of the first electrode having a root mean square roughness of at least 30 nm and a height variation of at least 200 nm, the first electrode being transparent. A conformal layer of a first organic semiconductor material is deposited onto the first electrode by organic vapor phase deposition, the first organic semiconductor material being a small molecule material. A layer of a second organic semiconductor material is deposited over the conformal layer. At least some of the layer of the second organic semiconductor material directly contacts the conformal layer. A second electrode is deposited over the layer of the second organic semiconductor material. The first organic semiconductor material is of a donor-type or an acceptor-type relative to the second organic semiconductor material, which is of the other material type.

Yang, Fan (Piscataway, NJ); Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A knowledge discovery from incomplete coronary artery disease datasets using rough set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incompleteness of datasets is one of the important issues in the area of knowledge discovery in medicine. This study proposes a rough set theory (RST)-based knowledge discovery from coronary artery disease (CAD) datasets when there are only small number of objects and contain missing data (incomplete). At first, RST combined with artificial neural network (ANN) is developed to impute the missing data of the datasets. Then, the knowledge that is discovered from imputed datasets is used to evaluate the quality of the imputation. After that, RST is applied to extract rules from the imputed datasets. This will result in a large number of rules. Rule selection based on the quality of extracted rules is investigated. All the evaluation and selection are based on the complete datasets. Finally, the selected small number of rules is evaluated. The discovered selected rules are used as a classifier on the diagnosis of the presence of CAD to demonstrate their good performance.

Noor Akhmad Setiawan; P.A. Venkatachalam; M.H. Ahmad Fadzil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Unsupervised feature selection using rough set and teaching learning-based optimisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feature selection is a valuable technique in data analysis for information preserving data reduction. This paper proposes to consider an information system without any decision attribute. The proposal is useful when we get unlabeled data, which contains only input information (condition attributes) but without decision (class attribute). TLBO clustering algorithm is applied to cluster the given information. Decision table could be formulated using this clustered data as the decision variable. Then rough set and TLBO algorithms are applied for selecting features. The experiments are carried out on datasets of UCI machine repository and from the website http://www.ailab.si/orange/datasets.asp to analyse the performance study of our proposed approach with other approaches like genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimisation and differential evolution techniques. The results clearly reveal that our proposed approach outperforms other approaches investigated in this paper.

Suresh Chandra Satapathy; Anima Naik; K. Parvathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Enhancement of Mahalanobis–Taguchi System via Rough Sets based Feature Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current research presents a methodology for classification based on Mahalanobis Distance (MD) and Association Mining using Rough Sets Theory (RST). MD has been used in Mahalanobis Taguchi System (MTS) to develop classification scheme for systems having dichotomous states or categories. In MTS, selection of important features or variables to improve classification accuracy is done using Signal-to-Noise (S/N) ratios and Orthogonal Arrays (OAs). \\{OAs\\} has been reviewed for limitations in handling large number of variables. Secondly, penalty for over-fitting or regularization is not included in the feature selection process for the MTS classifier. Besides, there is scope to enhance the utility of MTS to a classification-cum-causality analysis method by adding comprehensive information about the underlying process which generated the data. This paper proposes to select variables based on maximization of degree-of-dependency between Subset of System Variables (SSVs) and system classes or categories (R). Degree-of-dependency, which reflects goodness-of-model and hence goodness of the SSV, is measured by conditional probability of system states on subset of variables. Moreover, a suitable regularization factor equivalent to L0 norm is introduced in an optimization problem which jointly maximizes goodness-of-model and effect of regularization. Dependency between \\{SSVs\\} and R is modeled via the equivalent sets of Rough Set Theory. Two new variants of MTS classifier are developed and their performance in terms of accuracy of classification is evaluated on test datasets from five case studies. The proposed variants of MTS are observed to be performing better than existing MTS methods and other classification techniques found in literature.

Ashif Sikandar Iquebal; Avishek Pal; Darek Ceglarek; Manoj Kumar Tiwari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Detailed comparative study and a mechanistic model of resuspension of spherical particles from rough and smooth surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resuspension of solid particles by a tornado-like vortex from surfaces of different roughness is studied using a three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (3D-PTV) method. By utilizing the three-dimensional information on particle positions, velocities and accelerations before, during and after the resuspension (lift-off) event, we demonstrate that the resuspension efficiency is significantly higher from the rough surface, and propose a mechanistic model of this peculiar effect. The results indicate that for all Reynolds numbers tested, the resuspension rate, as well as particle velocities and accelerations, are higher over the rough surface, as compared to the smooth counterpart. The results and the model can help to improve modeling and analysis of resuspension rates in engineering and environmental applications.

Shnapp, Ron

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Numerical modelling of a magnetic fluid-based squeeze film between rotating transversely rough curved circular plates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An attempt has been made to analyse the behaviour of a magnetic fluid-based squeeze film between two curved rough rotating circular plates when the curved upper plate lying along a surface determined by hyperbolic function approaches the curved lower plate along the surface governed by a secant function. The concerned Reynolds equation is solved with appropriate boundary conditions in dimensionless form to get the pressure distribution. The results show that the bearing system records a considerably enhanced performance as compared to that of the bearing system working with a conventional lubricant. This investigation suggests that although the bearing suffers owing to transverse roughness in general, there are some scopes for getting a relatively better performance in the case of negatively skewed roughness by properly choosing curvature parameters and the rotation ratio. Interestingly enough this positive effect further enhances especially when negative variance is involved.

G.M. Deheri; Nikhilkumar Abhangi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Combined short scale roughness and surface dielectric function gradient effects on the determination of tip-sample force in atomic force microscopy  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of tip roughness to the van der Waals force between an atomic force microscopy probe tip and the sample is calculated using the multilayer effective medium model, which allows us to consider the relevant case of roughness characterized by correlation length and amplitude in the nanometer scale. The effect of the surface dielectric function gradient is incorporated in the tip-sample force model. It is concluded that for rms roughness in the few nanometers range the effect of short scale tip roughness is quite significant.

Gusso, André, E-mail: gusso@metal.eeimvr.uff.br [Departamento de Ciências Exatas-EEIMVR, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Volta Redonda, RJ 27255-125 (Brazil)] [Departamento de Ciências Exatas-EEIMVR, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Volta Redonda, RJ 27255-125 (Brazil)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

307

Vibrant fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator units with a new combination of rough sets and support vector machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fault diagnosis for hydroelectric generator unit (HGU) is significant to prevent dangerous accidents from occurring and to improve economic efficiency. The faults of HGU involve overlapping fault patterns which may denote a kind of faults in the ... Keywords: Fault diagnosis, Hydroelectric generator unit, Rough sets, Support vector machine

Xiaoyuan Zhang; Jianzhong Zhou; Jun Guo; Qiang Zou; Zhiwei Huang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Variation of urban momentum roughness length with land use in the upwind source area, as observed in two UK cities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in two UK cities. G.G.Rooney (gabriel.rooney@metoffice.com), I.D.Longley and J.F.Barlow Met Office Field fraction of different cover types, Birmingham 20 4 roughness lengths against wind direction, Salford 21 5 in building wakes to its blended final state at some height above the urban canopy, for a real city, tests

Reading, University of

309

Shliomis model-based magnetic squeeze film in rotating rough curved circular plates: a comparison of two different porous structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to analyse the effect of different porous structures on the performance of a Shliomis model-based magnetic squeeze film in rotating rough porous curved circular plates. For porous structures Kozeny-Carman's formulation and Irmay's model have been adopted. A Shliomis model-based magnetic fluid flow is considered. The stochastically averaging models of Christensen and Tonder have been used for characterising the effect of transverse roughness. The associated stochastically averaged Reynolds type equation is solved to obtain the pressure distribution leading to the calculation of the load carrying capacity. The results presented in graphical form show that the adverse effect of transverse roughness can be compensated by the positive effect of magnetisation in the case of negatively skewed roughness, suitably choosing the rotation ratio and the curvature parameters. Further, this compensation appears to be more in the case of Kozeny-Carman's formulation as compared to that of Irmay's model, which makes the Kozeny-Carman's model a superior choice.

Jimit R. Patel; Gunamani Deheri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Wind assessment in complex terrain with the numeric model Aiolos implementation of the influence of roughness changes and stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind assessment in complex terrain with the numeric model Aiolos ­ implementation of the influence of roughness changes and stability Ulrich Focken, Detlef Heinemann, Hans-Peter Waldl Department of Energy (EWA) gives good results for the wind potential estimation in flat areas. But besides many

Heinemann, Detlev

311

IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) Cost Estimate Summary (Leveraged NDC Case).  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has prepared a ROM cost estimate for budgetary planning for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 & 3 effort, based on leveraging a fully funded, Sandia executed NDC Modernization project. This report provides the ROM cost estimate and describes the methodology, assumptions, and cost model details used to create the ROM cost estimate. ROM Cost Estimate Disclaimer Contained herein is a Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM) cost estimate that has been provided to enable initial planning for this proposed project. This ROM cost estimate is submitted to facilitate informal discussions in relation to this project and is NOT intended to commit Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) or its resources. Furthermore, as a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), Sandia must be compliant with the Anti-Deficiency Act and operate on a full-cost recovery basis. Therefore, while Sandia, in conjunction with the Sponsor, will use best judgment to execute work and to address the highest risks and most important issues in order to effectively manage within cost constraints, this ROM estimate and any subsequent approved cost estimates are on a 'full-cost recovery' basis. Thus, work can neither commence nor continue unless adequate funding has been accepted and certified by DOE.

Harris, James M.; Prescott, Ryan; Dawson, Jericah M.; Huelskamp, Robert M.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A classification approach for less popular webpages based on latent semantic analysis and rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays, with the explosive growth of web information, the webpage classification faces great challenge. Computers have difficulty in understanding the semantic meaning of textual or non-textual webpages. Fortunately, Web 2.0 based collaborative tagging system brings new opportunities to solve this problem. It abstracts structured tags from unstructured content in webpages. However, large numbers of webpages on the Internet are less popular. Their tagging information is sparse, which makes their topic unclear and leads to ambiguous classification. Illuminated by the “ambiguous classification”, we name the less popular webpage “hesitant webpage”. In this paper, we propose an advanced approach for hesitant webpages classification. Firstly, hesitant webpages are divided into bridges, hubs and attached webpages according to their roles on the Internet. Secondly, attached webpages are classified by mining and extending their information in two perspectives. One is the latent semantic analysis (LSA) which is applied to fully explore the semantic meaning of sparse tags. It promotes accurate cognition of webpages semantically close to attached webpages. Another is the proposed density-relation-based rough set model which measures the affiliation degree of attached webpages in different categories. Experiment on real data shows that our approach effectively classifies the hesitant webpages base on the semantic meaning.

Jun Wang; Jiaxu Peng; Ou Liu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Robust Ordinal Regression for Dominance-based Rough Set Approach to multiple criteria sorting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a new multiple criteria sorting method deriving from Dominance-based Rough Set Approach (DRSA). The preference information supplied by the Decision Maker (DM) is a set of possibly imprecise and inconsistent assignment examples on a subset of reference alternatives relatively well-known to the DM. To structure the data we use DRSA, and subsequently, represent the assignment examples by all minimal sets of rules covering all alternatives from the lower approximations of class unions. Such a set of rules is called minimal-cover set – it is one of the instances of the preference model compatible with DM’s preference information. In this way, we implement the principle of Robust Ordinal Regression (ROR) to decision rule preference model. For each alternative, we derive the necessary and possible assignments specifying the range of classes to which the alternative is assigned by all or at least one compatible set of rules, respectively, as well as class acceptability indices. We also introduce the notion of a representative compatible minimal-cover set of rules whose selection builds on the results of ROR, addressing the robustness concern. Application of the approach is demonstrated by classifying 69 land zones in 4 classes representing different risk levels.

Mi?osz Kadzi?ski; Salvatore Greco; Roman S?owi?ski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Incremental feature selection based on rough set in dynamic incomplete data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Feature selection plays a vital role in many areas of pattern recognition and data mining. The effective computation of feature selection is important for improving the classification performance. In rough set theory, many feature selection algorithms have been proposed to process static incomplete data. However, feature values in an incomplete data set may vary dynamically in real-world applications. For such dynamic incomplete data, a classic (non-incremental) approach of feature selection is usually computationally time-consuming. To overcome this disadvantage, we propose an incremental approach for feature selection, which can accelerate the feature selection process in dynamic incomplete data. We firstly employ an incremental manner to compute the new positive region when feature values with respect to an object set vary dynamically. Based on the calculated positive region, two efficient incremental feature selection algorithms are developed respectively for single object and multiple objects with varying feature values. Then we conduct a series of experiments with 12 UCI real data sets to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of our proposed algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithms compare favorably with that of applying the existing non-incremental methods.

Wenhao Shu; Hong Shen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Engineering Application Way of Faults Knowledge Discovery Based on Rough Set Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the knowledge acquisition puzzle of intelligence decision-making technology in mechanical industry, to use the Rough Set Theory (RST) as a kind of tool to solve the puzzle was researched. And the way to realize the knowledge discovery in engineering application is explored. A case extracting out the knowledge rules from a concise data table shows out some important information. It is that the knowledge discovery similar to the mechanical faults diagnosis is an item of complicated system engineering project. In where, first of all-important tasks is to preserve the faults knowledge into a table with data mode. And the data must be derived from the plant site and should also be as concise as possible. On the basis of the faults knowledge data obtained so, the methods and algorithms to process the data and extract the knowledge rules from them by means of RST can be processed only. The conclusion is that the faults knowledge discovery by the way is a process of rising upward. But to develop the advanced faults diagnosis technology by the way is a large-scale knowledge engineering project for long time. Every step in which should be designed seriously according to the tool's demands firstly. This is the basic guarantees to make the knowledge rules obtained have the values of engineering application and the studies have scientific significance. So, a general framework is designed for engineering application to go along the route developing the faults knowledge discovery technology.

Zhao Rongzhen; Li Chao; Dneg Linfeng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

MMeR: an algorithm for clustering heterogeneous data using rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several cluster analysis techniques have been developed so far to group objects having similar characteristics. Clustering of categorical data is more challenging than that of numerical data. Most of the early cluster analysis techniques face problems due to the fact that much of the data contained in today's databases is categorical in nature. This necessitated the development of some algorithms for clustering categorical data. Uncertainty is an integral part of databases. The algorithms put forth either lack the capability to handle uncertainty or do not reach a steady state in a few iterations, which gives rise to the stability issues. Recently, an algorithm, termed MMR was proposed (Parmar et al., 2007), which uses the rough set theory to deal with the above problems in clustering categorical data. In this paper, we modified MMR to develop an improved algorithm and call it MMeR. This takes care of both numerical and categorical data simultaneously besides handling uncertainty. Also, this new algorithm provides much better performance than most of the existing algorithms including MMR. Some well known data sets are taken to test and illustrate the superiority of MMeR over most of the existing algorithms.

Prakash Kumar; B.K. Tripathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Systematic analysis of Persson's contact mechanics theory of randomly rough elastic surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We systematically check explicit and implicit assumptions of Persson's contact mechanics theory. It casts the evolution of the pressure distribution ${\\rm Pr}(p)$ with increasing resolution of surface roughness as a diffusive process, in which resolution plays the role of time. The tested key assumptions of the theory are: (a) the diffusion coefficient is independent of pressure $p$, (b) the diffusion process is drift-free at any value of $p$, (c) the point $p=0$ acts as an absorbing barrier, i.e., once a point falls out of contact, it never reenters again, (d) the Fourier component of the elastic energy is only populated if the appropriate wave vector is resolved, and (e) it no longer changes when even smaller wavelengths are resolved. Using high-resolution numerical simulations, we quantify deviations from these approximations and find quite significant discrepancies in some cases. For example, the drift becomes substantial for small values of $p$, which typically represent points in real space close to a contact line. On the other hand, there is a significant flux of points reentering contact. These and other identified deviations cancel each other to a large degree, resulting in an overall excellent description for contact area, contact geometry, and gap distribution functions. Similar fortuitous error cancellations cannot be guaranteed under different circumstances, for instance when investigating rubber friction. The results of the simulations may provide guidelines for a systematic improvement of the theory.

Wolf B. Dapp; Nikolay Prodanov; Martin H. Müser

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

318

Effect of Surface Roughness of Steels on Oxide Layer Formation in a Liquid Lead-Bismuth Flow  

SciTech Connect

Self-healed oxide layer formation on steel surfaces in liquid lead bismuth (Pb-Bi) may be effective to improve the compatibility problem for the development of the Pb-Bi cooled FBR and the ADS with a PB-Bi target. The growth, stability and property of the oxide layer may depend on the roughness of the substrate surface. The effect of convex part and dent part of the steel surfaces on the property of the oxide layer in a Pb-Bi flow was investigated for the steels which had the surface of smooth, rough and their middle roughness. The steels were exposed into a Pb- Bi flow at the temperature of 550 deg. C, the temperature difference of 150 deg. C, the flow velocity of 1 m/s and the oxygen concentration of 1.7x10{sup -8} wt% for 500 and 1,000 hours. The results showed that the initial surface roughness influenced on the oxide layer formation during the exposure. The oxide layer was cracked at the convex part of the surface. On the contrary, few cracks existed and the oxide layer remained at the dent part. That indicated thickened oxide layer caused stress due to the oxide growth, and the stress concentrated at the convex part. Few cracks appeared in a compact oxide layer which was formed on the rough surface of 9Cr steel and detached from the substrate. This was possibly caused by the stop of oxide layer growth since a metal element was not supplied from the substrate. (authors)

KONDO, Masatoshi [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Department of Nuclear Engineering 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan); TAKAHASHI, Minoru [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan); YOSHIDA, Susumu [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan); SAWADA, Naoki [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Effects of grit roughness and pitch oscillations on the S810 airfoil  

SciTech Connect

An S810 airfoil model was tested in The Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory 3 x 5 subsonic wind tunnel under steady state and unsteady conditions. The test defined baseline conditions for steady state angles of attack from -20{degrees} to +40{degrees} and examined unsteady behavior by oscillating the model about its pitch axis for three mean angles, three frequencies, and two amplitudes. For all cases, Reynolds numbers of 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million were used. In addition, the above conditions were repeated after the application of leading edge grit roughness (LEGR) to determine contamination effects on the airfoil performance. Baseline steady state results of the S810 testing showed a maximum lift coefficient of 1.15 at 15.2{degrees}angle of attack. The application of LEGR reduced the maximum lift coefficient by 12% and increased the 0.0085 minimum drag coefficient value by 88%. The zero lift pitching moment of -0.0286 showed a 16% reduction in magnitude to -0.0241 with LEGR applied. Data were also obtained for two pitch oscillation amplitudes: {plus_minus}5.5{degrees} and {plus_minus}10{degrees}. The larger amplitude consistently gave a higher maximum lift coefficient than the smaller amplitude and both sets of unsteady maximum lift coefficients were greater than the steady state values. Stall was delayed on the airfoil while the angle of attack was increasing, thereby causing an increase in maximum lift coefficient. A hysteresis behavior was exhibited for all the unsteady test cases. The hysteresis loops were larger for the higher reduced frequencies and for the larger amplitude oscillations. In addition to the hysteresis behavior, an unusual feature of these data were a sudden increase in the lift coefficient where the onset of stall was expected. As in the steady case, the effect of LEGR in the unsteady case was to reduce the lift coefficient at high angles of attack.

Ramsay, R.R.; Hoffman, M.J.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Effects of grit roughness and pitch oscillations on the NACA 4415 airfoil  

SciTech Connect

A NACA 4415 airfoil model was tested in The Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory 3 x 5 subsonic wind tunnel under steady state and unsteady conditions. The test defined baseline conditions for steady state angles of attack from {minus}10{degree} to +40{degree} and examined unsteady behavior by oscillating the model about its pitch axis for three mean angles, three frequencies, and two amplitudes. For all cases, Reynolds numbers of 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5 million were used. In addition, these were repeated after the application of leading edge grit roughness (LEGR) to determine contamination effects on the airfoil performance. Steady state results of the NACA 4415 testing at Reynolds number of 1.25 million showed a baseline maximum lift coefficient of 1.30 at 12.3{degree} angle of attack. The application of LEGR reduced the maximum lift coefficient by 20% and increased the 0.0090 minimum drag coefficient value by 62%. The zero lift pitching moment of {minus}0.0967 showed a 13% reduction in magnitude to {minus}0.0842 with LEGR applied. Data were also obtained for two pitch oscillation amplitudes: {+-}5.5{degree} and {+-}10{degree}. The larger amplitude consistently gave a higher maximum lift coefficient than the smaller amplitude, and both unsteady maximum lift coefficients were greater than the steady state values. Stall is delayed on the airfoil while the angle of attack is increasing, thereby causing an increase in maximum lift coefficient. A hysteresis behavior was exhibited for all the unsteady test cases. The hysteresis loops were larger for the higher reduced frequencies and for the larger amplitude oscillations. As in the steady case, the effect of LEGR in the unsteady case was to reduce the lift coefficient at high angles of attack. In addition, with LEGR, the hysteresis behavior persisted into lower angles of attack than for the clean case.

Hoffmann, M.J.; Reuss Ramsay, R.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A rough set-based effective rule generation method for classification with an application in intrusion detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we use Rough Set Theory (RST) to address the important problem of generating decision rules for data mining. In particular, we propose a rough set-based approach to mine rules from inconsistent data. It computes the lower and upper approximations for each concept, and then builds concise classification rules for each concept satisfying required classification accuracy. Estimating lower and upper approximations substantially reduces the computational complexity of the algorithm. We use UCI ML Repository data sets to test and validate the approach. We also use our approach on network intrusion data sets captured using our local network from network flows. The results show that our approach produces effective and minimal rules and provides satisfactory accuracy.

Prasanta Gogoi; Dhruba K. Bhattacharyya; Jugal K. Kalita

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Generating an indicator for pump impeller damage using half and full spectra, fuzzy preference-based rough sets and PCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Parameters that vary monotonically with damage propagation are useful in condition monitoring. However, it is not easy to find such parameters especially for complex systems like pumps. A method using half and full spectra, fuzzy preference-based rough sets and principal component analysis (PCA) is proposed to generate such an indicator for tracking impeller damage in a centrifugal slurry pump. Half and full spectra are used for extracting features related to pump health status. A fuzzy preference-based rough set model is employed in the process of selecting features reflecting the damage propagation monotonically. PCA is used to condense the features and generate an indicator which represents the damage propagation. The effectiveness of the proposed method is tested using laboratory experimental data. Results show that the indicator generated by the proposed method can clearly and monotonically distinguish the health status of the pump impeller.

Xiaomin Zhao; Ming J Zuo; Tejas H Patel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A strategy to reduce flooding in grid Fisheye State routing (GFSR) protocol with weighted rough set model using MANET  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mobile ad hoc networks consist of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of host results to changes in path. The well-known Fisheye State Routing (FSR) protocol determines a route when no route exists or route breaks. To establish new path from source to destination, it broadcast control packets (route request packets), which increases the network bandwidth consumption and to reduce flooding. As mobile ad hoc networks have limited bandwidth, it is important to reduce the flooding. This paper provides a protocol which uses the weighted rough set model to control the route request packets in the existing FSR protocol in GRID. Weighted rough set theory is a mathematical tool to deal with vagueness, uncertainty and it also considers the importance of the objects (nodes).

S. Nithya Rekha; C. Chandrasekar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

An intelligent oil reservoir identification approach by deploying quantum Levenberg-Marquardt neural network and rough set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intelligent identification approach combining the features of parallel computation of quantum Levenberg-Marquardt neural network (Q-LM-NN) and information reduct of rough set is proposed as an improved alternative to common statistical identification methods and single-intelligent-based methods which are unable to attain satisfactory result in engineering applications. This approach has been tested to have better performance on reducing the cost and improving the identification accuracy than other methods in practical oil log applications.

Nanping Liu; Fei Zheng; Kewen Xia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Surface smoothing effect of an amorphous thin film deposited by atomic layer deposition on a surface with nano-sized roughness  

SciTech Connect

Previously, Lau (one of the authors) pointed out that the deposition of an amorphous thin film by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on a substrate with nano-sized roughness probably has a surface smoothing effect. In this letter, polycrystalline zinc oxide deposited by ALD onto a smooth substrate was used as a substrate with nano-sized roughness. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM) were used to demonstrate that an amorphous aluminum oxide thin film deposited by ALD can reduce the surface roughness of a polycrystalline zinc oxide coated substrate.

Lau, W. S., E-mail: liuweicheng@zju.edu.cn; Wan, X.; Xu, Y.; Wong, H. [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Zhang, J. [Zhejiang University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Zhejiang University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Luo, J. K. [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Zhejiang University, Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, No. 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute of Renewable Energy and Environment Technology, Bolton University, Deane Road, Bolton BL3 5 AB (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Effect of Inaccuracies in Weather-Ship Data on Bulk-Derived Estimates of Flux, Stability and Sea-Surface Roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytical error analysis (or sensitivity study) is performed for the momentum, heat, and humidity flux estimates made from weather-ship observations by using the bulk flux method. Bulk-derived stability and roughness errors are also examined. ...

Theodore V. Blanc

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

A Global Climatology of Albedo, Roughness Length and Stomatal Resistance for Atmospheric General Circulation Models as Represented by the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Components of the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB) of Sellers et al. were used to generate global monthly fields of surface albedo (0.4–4.0 ?m), roughness length and minimum surface (stomatal) resistance.

J. L. Dorman; P. J. Sellers

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

D etailed m odeling ofreactive flow s th rough geologicm edia is necessary to understand a num ber of environm entalproblem s of national  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract D etailed m odeling ofreactive flow s th rough geologicm edia is necessary to understand porous m edia. PFLOTRAN is built on top of th e PETSc parallelscientific toolk it and uses its efficient

Mills, Richard

329

On the elastic energy and stress correlation in the contact between elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When two elastic solids with randomly rough surfaces are brought in contact, a very inhomogeneous stress distribution sigma(x) will occur at the interface. Here I study the elastic energy and the correlation function , where sigma(q) is the Fourier transform of sigma(x) and where stands for ensemble average. I relate to the elastic energy stored at the interface, and I show that for self affine fractal surfaces, quite generally \\sim q^{-(1+H)}, where H is the Hurst exponent of the self-affine fractal surface.

B. N. J. Persson

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

330

Frequency-Rank Correlations of Rhodopsin Mutations with Tuned Hydropathic Roughness Based on Self-Organized Criticality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of disease-linked mutations of membrane proteins is especially simple in rhodopsin, where they are well-studied, as they are responsible for retinitis pigmentosa, RP (retinal degeneration). Here we show that the frequency of occurrence of single RP mutations is strongly influenced by their posttranslational survival rates, and that this survival correlates well (82%) with a long-range, non-local hydropathic measure of the roughness of the water interfaces of ex-membrane rhodopsin based on self-organized criticality (SOC). It is speculated that this concept may be generally useful in studying survival rates of many mutated proteins.

J. C. Phillips

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Combing rough set and RBF neural network for large-scale ship recognition in optical satellite images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale ship recognition in optical remote sensing images is of great importance for many military applications. It aims to recognize the category information of the detected ships for effective maritime surveillance. The contributions of the paper can be summarized as follows: Firstly, based on the rough set theory, the common discernibility degree is used to compute the significance weight of each candidate feature and select valid recognition features automatically; Secondly, RBF neural network is constructed based on the selected recognition features. Experiments on recorded optical satellite images show the proposed method is effective and can get better classification rates at a higher speed than the state of the art methods.

Lu Chunyan; Zou Huanxin; Sun Hao; Zhou Shilin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Use of a temporal approach to the three-dimensional image formation of a distant rough nonplanar object  

SciTech Connect

A method is proposed to reconstruct three-dimensional images of a distant nonplanar rough object by the speckle pattern of its flat image, which is calculated using the temporal approach based on the time correlation function of probe radiation with a coherence length smaller than the size of the probed object. We analyse the influence of the angular resolution of the optical system, forming an image of the object, and additive noises on the reconstruction accuracy of the object surface shape using the proposed method. (imaging)

Mandrosov, V I [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

333

Incremental update of approximations in dominance-based rough sets approach under the variation of attribute values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Dominance-based Rough Sets Approach (DRSA) has received much attention since it is able to acquire knowledge from information with preference ordered attribute domains and decision classes. In many real-life applications, the information systems may evolve over time dynamically. In a dynamic information system, the obtained knowledge, e.g., approximations in DRSA, need to be updated for decision making and other related tasks. As a useful technique, the incremental update can be applied to process dynamic information with revising the obtained knowledge. In this paper, we propose an incremental approach for maintaining approximations of DRSA when attribute values vary over time. Some numerical examples illustrate that the incremental approach can renew approximations of DRSA without beginning from scratch. Experimental evaluations show that the incremental algorithm can effectively reduce the computational time in comparison with the non-incremental one when the ratio of the attribute values varied is less than a threshold.

Shaoyong Li; Tianrui Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Discrepancy between Subcritical and Fast Rupture Roughness: A Cumulant Analysis N. Mallick, P.-P. Cortet, S. Santucci,* S. G. Roux, and L. Vanel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discrepancy between Subcritical and Fast Rupture Roughness: A Cumulant Analysis N. Mallick, P the slow (subcritical) and the fast growth regime. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.255502 PACS numbers: 62, crack growth starts in a subcritical regime where the growth is slow (v 10ÿ5­10ÿ2 m sÿ1) and reaches

Roux, Stephane

335

Immiscible displacements in rough-walled fractures: Competition between roughening by random aperture variations and smoothing by in-plane curvature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Immiscible displacements in rough-walled fractures: Competition between roughening by random-walled fractures is controlled by the competition between random aperture variability which tends to roughen parameters: one that controls roughening the coefficient of variation of the aperture field, and another

Detwiler, Russell

336

Roughness-based monitoring of transparency and conductivity in boron-doped ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? We report surface roughness dependent transparency and conductivity in ZnO films. ? The surface roughness with respected to boron doping concentrations is studied. ? Boron doped and pristine Zinc oxide thin films have showed ?95% transmittance. ? Increased carrier concentration of 9.21 × 10{sup 21} cm{sup ?3} revealed from Hall measurement. -- Abstract: Sprayed polycrystalline ZnO and boron-doped ZnO thin films composed of spherical grains of 25–32 nm in diameters are used in roughness measurement and further correlated with the transparency and the conductivity characteristics. The surface roughness is increased up to Zn{sub 0.98}B{sub 0.02}O and then declined at higher boron concentrations. The sprayed ZnO films revealed ?95% transmittance in the visible wavelength range, 1.956 × 10{sup ?4} ? cm electrical resistivity, 46 cm{sup 2}/V s Hall mobility and 9.21 × 10{sup 21} cm{sup ?3} charge carrier concentration. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study has confirmed 0.15 eV binding energy change for Zn 2p{sub 3/2} when 2 at% boron content is mixed without altering electro-optical properties substantially. Finally, using soft modeling importance of these textured ZnO over non-textured films for enhancing the solar cells performance is explored.

Gaikwad, Rajendra S. [Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of) [Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Yashwantrao Mohite College, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune 411038, Maharashtra (India); Bhande, Sambhaji S. [Centre for Nanomaterials and Energy Devices, School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (India)] [Centre for Nanomaterials and Energy Devices, School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (India); Mane, Rajaram S., E-mail: rsmane_2000@yahoo.com [Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of); Inorganic Nanomaterials Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Centre for Nanomaterials and Energy Devices, School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (India); Pawar, Bhagwat N. [Department of Physics, Yashwantrao Mohite College, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune 411038, Maharashtra (India)] [Department of Physics, Yashwantrao Mohite College, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune 411038, Maharashtra (India); Gaikwad, Sanjay L. [Centre for Nanomaterials and Energy Devices, School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (India)] [Centre for Nanomaterials and Energy Devices, School of Physical Sciences, Swami Ramand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded (India); Han, Sung-Hwan [Inorganic Nanomaterials Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Inorganic Nanomaterials Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Joo, Oh-Shim, E-mail: jookat@kist.ac.kr [Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of)] [Clean Energy Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Roughly speaking, a set is a collection of objects. The objects are called the members or the elements of the set.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2-24-2007 Sets Roughly speaking, a set is a collection of objects. The objects are called the members or the elements of the set. Set theory is the basis for mathematics, and there are a number of axiom systems for set theory; von Neumann-G¨odel-Bernays (NBG) and Zermelo-Fraenkel-Choice (ZFC

Ikenaga, Bruce

338

Region-based quantitative and hierarchical attribute reduction in the two-category decision theoretic rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantitative attribute reduction exhibits applicability but complexity when compared to qualitative reduction. According to the two-category decision theoretic rough set model, this paper mainly investigates quantitative reducts and their hierarchies (with qualitative reducts) from a regional perspective. (1) An improved type of classification regions is proposed, and its preservation reduct (CRP-Reduct) is studied. (2) Reduction targets and preservation properties of set regions are analyzed, and the set-region preservation reduct (SRP-Reduct) is studied. (3) Separability of set regions and rule consistency is verified, and the quantitative and qualitative double-preservation reduct (DP-Reduct) is established. (4) Hierarchies of CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct are explored with two qualitative reducts: the Pawlak-Reduct and knowledge-preservation reduct (KP-Reduct). (5) Finally, verification experiments are provided. CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct expand layer by layer Pawlak-Reduct and exhibit quantitative applicability, and the experimental results indicate their effectiveness and hierarchies regarding Pawlak-Reduct and KP-Reduct.

Xianyong Zhang; Duoqian Miao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

MCELROY REPORT; ROUGH DRAFT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combining a New 3-D Seismic S-Wave Propagation Analysis Combining a New 3-D Seismic S-Wave Propagation Analysis for Remote Fracture Detection with a Robust Subsurface Microfracture-Based Verification Technique FINAL REPORT June 6, 2000-December 31, 2003 Principal Authors: Bob Hardage, M. M. Backus, M. V. DeAngelo, R. J. Graebner, S. E. Laubach, and Paul Murray Report Issue Date: February 2004 DOE Contract No. DE-AC26-00NT40690 Submitting Organization: Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin University Station, Box X Austin, TX 78713-8924 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal

340

Applied study of method to presume decision class by variable precision rough sets model: a case study of how to decide the design concept of a digital camera  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been shown from case studies that the method of presuming the decision class is important for extracting the features of a product design. The method we used is the variable precision rough set model proposed by Ziarko, which can deal with the contradiction between data. Applying the idea of a contradiction between data to the contradiction of the evaluations between many subjects, we propose a new approach of presuming the decision class by the variable precision rough set model. In addition, we propose a technique, called the decision class synthesis method, to clarify the design concept of a product. We verified the validity of this proposed technique through the case study of a digital camera.

Akira Sekiguchi; Katsuo Inoue; Tomoko Kashima

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

An analog computer study of the transition from fully developed turbulent smooth wall flow to fully developed turbulent rough wall flow in a two-dimensional channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigation of the change in the boundary layer in a two-dimensional flew chamber caused by a sudden change 1n wall shear stress. Jacobs first attempted to sol~e the boundary layer equation 1n the d1rection of motion by using finite differences..., Jacobs calculated shear stress dis- tzibutions. He then developed an empirical equation for his calculated shear stress, which varied between the linearly smooth and the linearly rough distributions ~ Clauser (2) in 1956 reported an investigation...

Sheppard, Donald Max

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

A rough set-based game theoretical approach for environmental decision-making: A case of offshore oil and gas operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental decision-making in offshore oil and gas (OOG) operations can be extremely complex due to conflicting objectives or criteria, availability of vague and uncertain information, and interdependency among multiple decision-makers. Most existing studies ignore conflicting preferences and strategic interactions among decision-makers. This paper presents a game theoretical approach to solve multi-criteria conflict resolution problem under constrained and uncertain environments. Uncertainties in the quantification of imprecise data are expressed using rough numbers. A multi-criteria game is developed to model a decision problem in which three groups of decision-makers (i.e., operators, regulators and service engineers) are involved. This game is solved using the generalized maximin solution concept. With the solution (i.e., optimal weights of the criteria), the rough numbers can be aggregated to an expected payoff for each alternative. Finally, the weights of upper and lower limits of a rough number are employed to transform the expected payoff into a crisp score, based on which all alternatives are ranked to identify the best one. A numerical example is outlined to demonstrate the application of the proposed method to the selection of management scenarios of drilling wastes.

Ming Yang; Faisal I. Khan; Rehan Sadiq; Paul Amyotte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Bayesian Networks 1. I can identify rotten meat (r) because it smells bad (s) and because it looks darker than usual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

windows, but still I can hear car horns (h), and this usually happens when there are traffic jams (t). I(l|h). #12;5. Suppose that I wake up in the morning and go for a shower. I realize that there is no hot water (¬w). There are two natural causes for it: the heater is faulty (¬h) or there is an electric power

Larrosa, Javier

344

Rough–flat–rough transition of crystal surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of order-disorder phase transition in a two-dimensional Ising lattice to crystal surfaces, the roughening phase transition and kinetic ... phase transition and kinetic roughening have been studied in great detail4"28. Monte Carlo simulations12"16 led theoreticians to ...

Xiang-Yang Liu; P. Bennema; J. P. van der Eerden

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

Fundamental Mechanisms of Interface Roughness  

SciTech Connect

Publication quality results were obtained for several experiments and materials systems including: (i) Patterning and smoothening of sapphire surfaces by energetic Ar+ ions. Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering (GISAXS) experiments were performed in the system at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) X21 beamline. Ar+ ions in the energy range from 300 eV to 1000 eV were used to produce ripples on the surfaces of single-crystal sapphire. It was found that the ripple wavelength varies strongly with the angle of incidence of the ions, which increase significantly as the angle from normal is varied from 55° to 35°. A smooth region was found for ion incidence less than 35° away from normal incidence. In this region a strong smoothening mechanism with strength proportional to the second derivative of the height of the surface was found to be responsible for the effect. The discovery of this phase transition between stable and unstable regimes as the angle of incidence is varied has also stimulated new work by other groups in the field. (ii) Growth of Ge quantum dots on Si(100) and (111). We discovered the formation of quantum wires on 4° misoriented Si(111) using real-time GISAXS during the deposition of Ge. The results represent the first time-resolved GISAXS study of Ge quantum dot formation. (iii) Sputter deposition of amorphous thin films and multilayers composed of WSi2 and Si. Our in-situ GISAXS experiments reveal fundamental roughening and smoothing phenomena on surfaces during film deposition. The main results of this work is that the WSi2 layers actually become smoother during deposition due to the smoothening effect of energetic particles in the sputter deposition process.

Randall L. Headrick

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Rough Guide to Punctuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

three distinct uses: To mark the end of a sentence1. To indicate abbreviated words (unless first and2 for humankind: that knowledge and experience can be transmitted and shared across the boundaries of time you. She came out of the house, which had a long drive, and saw the police officer at the end

Anderson, Jim

347

ROUGHGUIDES THE ROUGH GUIDE to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are there, and new hopes for knowledge and peace are there. And, therefore, as we set sail we ask God. We know of primi- tive bacteria that might be able to tolerate the energetic particles that exist responsible for the acceleration of harmful particles and of their propagation through the heliosphere

Lockwood, Mike

348

Rough Paths Theory Fabrice Baudoin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ian topology of the Lie group GN (Rd)). As we have ...... r1. ···dxin rn . ?. The second lemma is an analogue of a result already used in previous lectures (

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

349

Additively manufactured 3D porous Ti-6Al-4V constructs mimic trabecular bone structure and regulate osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and local factor production in a porosity and surface roughness dependent manner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive manufacturing by laser sintering is able to produce high resolution metal constructs for orthopedic and dental implants. In this study, we used a human trabecular bone template to design and manufacture Ti-6Al-4V constructs with varying porosity via laser sintering. Characterization of constructs revealed interconnected porosities ranging from 15–70% with compressive moduli of 2579–3693 MPa. These constructs with macro porosity were further surface-treated to create a desirable multi-scale micro-/nano-roughness, which has been shown to enhance the osseointegration process. Osteoblasts (MG63 cells) exhibited high viability when grown on the constructs. Proliferation (DNA) and alkaline phosphatase specific activity, an early differentiation marker, decreased as porosity increased, while osteocalcin, a late differentiation marker, as well as osteoprotegerin, vascular endothelial growth factor and bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 increased with increasing porosity. Three-dimensional (3D) constructs with the highest porosity and surface modification supported the greatest osteoblast differentiation and local factor production. These results indicate that additively manufactured 3D porous constructs mimicking human trabecular bone and produced with additional surface treatment can be customized for increased osteoblast response. Increased factors for osteoblast maturation and differentiation on high porosity constructs suggest the enhanced performance of these surfaces for increasing osseointegration in vivo.

Alice Cheng; Aiza Humayun; David J Cohen; Barbara D Boyan; Zvi Schwartz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A Rough Road Leads To The Stars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and ground crews for Apollo. All three Apollo 11 crew members, "Buzz" Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, and Michael Collins were members of the Gemini missions which ranged from five...

351

Enhanced thermoelectric performance of rough silicon nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermoelectric materials can increase ZT . 1 (refs 2­4), the materials (Bi, Te, Pb, Sb, and Ag) and processes thermoelectric material, by greatly redu- cing thermal conductivitywithout much affectingtheSeebeckcoef- ficient and electricalresistivity, Si nanowire arrays show promise as high-performance, scalable thermoelectric materials. The most

Yang, Peidong

352

Geometric effects on surface roughness in electrodeposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......done for the case of a cathode separated from an ion...Q. BUALI ET AL. the cathode surface are shorter than...The anode plays no active role in the problem...moves at the speed of the cathode, so does the ion reservoir...z1 z2 . Once the materials have been chosen, certain......

Q. BuAli; L. E. Johns; R. Narayanan

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Multi topological approximations of rough set theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we generalise Pawlak's approximation spaces to topological approximation spaces. These topological approximation spaces are generated using many topological notions such as regular open sets, semi-open sets, pre-open sets, ?-open sets, ?-open sets and ?-open sets and others. The basic definitions and properties of these topological approximation spaces are introduced and sufficiently illustrated. We put all topological generalisations in one generalisation called m-generalisation spaces.

A.S. Salama; O.G. El-Barbary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Micromechanical modeling of rough interface behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is highly nonlinear and does not follow the Hertz power law. It was also shown that the shear behavior of the interfaces under constant normal stress exhibits two distinct regimes during shear loading. In the small shear displacement regime, the smooth...

Huang, Shiping

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

Extension of the semi-empirical correlation for the effects of pipe diameter and internal surface roughness on the decompression wave speed to include High Heating Value Processed Gas mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The decompression wave speed, which is used throughout the pipeline industry in connection with the Battelle two-curve method for the control of propagating ductile fracture, is typically calculated using GASDECOM (GAS DECOMpression). GASDECOM, developed in the 1970's, idealizes the decompression process as isentropic and one-dimensional, taking no account of pipe wall frictional effects or pipe diameter. Previous shock tube tests showed that decompression wave speeds in smaller diameter and rough pipes are consistently slower than those predicted by GASDECOM for the same conditions of mixture composition and initial pressure and temperature. Previous analysis based on perturbation theory and the fundamental momentum equation revealed a correction term to be subtracted from the ‘idealized’ value of the decompression speed calculated by GASDECOM. One parameter in this correction term involves a dynamic spatial pressure gradient of the outflow at the rupture location. While this is difficult to obtain without a shock tube or actual rupture test, data from 14 shock tube tests, as well as from 14 full scale burst tests involving a variety of gas mixture compositions, were analyzed to correlate the variation of this pressure gradient with two characteristics of the gas mixture, namely; the molecular weight and the higher heating value (HHV). For lean to moderately-rich gas mixes, the developed semi-empirical correlation was found to fit very well the experimentally determined decompression wave speed curve. For extremely rich gas mixes, such as High Heating Value Processed Gas (HHVPG) mixtures of HHV up to 58 MJ/m3, it was found that it overestimates the correction term. Therefore, additional shock tube tests were conducted on (HHVPG) mixes, and the previously developed semi-empirical correlation was extended (revised) to account for such extremity in the richness of the gas mixtures. The newly developed semi-empirical correlation covers a wider range of natural gas mixtures from as lean as pure methane up to HHVPG mixtures of HHV = 58 MJ/m3.

K.K. Botros; L. Carlson; M. Reed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Evolution of surface roughness in epitaxial Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3}(001) as a function of growth temperature (200{endash}600{degree}C) and Si(001) substrate miscut  

SciTech Connect

Evolution of surface roughness in epitaxial Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3} alloys grown on Si(001) as a function of temperature (200-600 C), thickness ({ital t}=7.5-100 nm), and substrate miscut were investigated by atomic force microscopy and quantified in terms of the height-difference correlation function {ital G}({rho}), in which {rho} is lateral distance and [{ital G}({rho}{r_arrow}{infinity})]{sup 1/2} is proportional to the surface width. The films were deposited by ultrahigh vacuum ion-beam sputter deposition at 0.1 nms{sup {minus}1}. Strain-induced surface roughening was found to dominate in alloys grown on singular Si(001) substrates at {ital T}{sub {ital s}}{approx_gt}450{degree}C where [{ital G}({rho}{r_arrow}{infinity})]{sup 1/2} initially increases with increasing {ital t} through the formation of coherent islanding. The islands are preferentially bounded along {l_angle}100{r_angle} directions and exhibit 105 faceting. This tendency is enhanced, with much better developed {l_angle}100{r_angle} islands separated by deep trenches{emdash}of interest for growth of self-assembled nanostructures{emdash}in films grown on Si(001)-4{degree}[100]. Increasing the film thickness above critical values for strain relaxation leads to island coalescence and surface smoothening. At very low growth temperatures ({ital T}{sub {ital s}}{le}250{degree}C), film surfaces roughen kinetically, due to limited adatom diffusivity, but at far lower rates than in the higher-temperature strain-induced regime. Si{sub 0.7}Ge{sub 0.3} alloy surfaces are smoother, while the films exhibit larger critical epitaxial thicknesses, than those of pure Si films grown in this temperature regime. There is an intermediate growth temperature range, however, over which the alloy film surfaces remain extremely smooth even at thicknesses near critical values for strain relaxation. This latter result is of potential importance for device fabrication. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Lee, N.; Cahill, D.G.; Greene, J.E. [Materials Science Department, the Coordinated Science Laboratory, and the Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Materials Science Department, the Coordinated Science Laboratory, and the Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Effect of Roughness Geometry on Wetting and Dewetting of Rough PDMS Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was studied as model for print surfaces used in additive manufacturing and printed electronics. A smooth PDMS on decline for over a decade,9 printing has evolved and has become a manufacturing technology for flexible are keys to a successful implementation of ink printing in manufacturing. Arias et al.4 showed that balance

Daniel, Susan

358

Ethylene flux in postharvest kiwifruit systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Damaged or rotten kiwifruit or change of environmental conditions (temperature) through the supply chain may trigger premature ripening and softening of sound fruit as a… (more)

Samarakoon, Himani Chamila

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Rough Silicon Allon I. Hochbaum1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.nature.com/nature 2 #12;Thermal contact resistance The thermal contact resistance of the Pt-C pads was tested was the same before and after the second Pt-C bonding, indicating that the thermal contact resistance of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3 Department of Materials Science

Yang, Peidong

360

To our roughly 6,800 new and continuing international  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boiler Out! The Boiler Out! Volunteer Program provides interna- tional students with opportu- nities. Currently, the Boiler Out! cohort repre- sents the diversity of Pur- due's student body, consist- ing of more than 100 stu- dents and representing 19 countries! To learn more about Boiler Out!, view

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Global rough solutions to the sixth-order Boussinesq equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We show that the Cauchy problem for the sixth-order Boussinesq equation with cubic nonlinearity is globally well-posed in H s ( R ) provided 3 / 2 < s < 2 .

Hongwei Wang; Amin Esfahani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

NEAR-FIELD IMAGING OF INFINITE ROUGH SURFACES 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analytic solution for the direct scattering problem is derived from the method of ... mine the scattered field from the incident field and the differential equation governing the wave .... is the unit outward normal vector on S, given explicitly as ...... the periodicity of the solutions, we modified a simple mesh generator in MATLAB by.

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

363

Elastic–Plastic Spherical Contact Modeling Including Roughness Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multilevel model for elastic–plastic contact between ajunction growth of an elastic–plastic spherical contact. J.nite element based elastic–plastic model for the contact of

Li, L.; Etsion, I.; Talke, F. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presented here: fuzzy logic, reactive control, and machineto speed control is to utilize fuzzy logic. Fuzzy logic wascontrol, this is a new area of research where reactive speed controller, fuzzy logic,

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Heat treatment for reduction of surface roughness on holographic gratings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Controlled postdevelopment heat treatment of the photoresist polymer used in the preparation of holographic gratings has been shown to enhance the diffraction efficiency of gratings...

Rabady, Rabi; Frankstein, Dmitry; Avrutsky, Ivan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Mechanistic modeling of roughness on continuously reinforced concrete pavement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IRI was adopted as the standard measure: it is time-stable and can be reproduced anywhere (6) from elevation data because it is just a summary of the road- profile. Also, IRI gave the most consistently high correlations with the outputs of the other... of levels; = nutnber of variables; and 2 = number of replicates) Here the number of runs are too high. We need to make over thousand runs to get the results. Buckingham Pi - Theorem In the Buckingham Pi theorem, if the number of variables are 3, number...

Sriraman, Supriya

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Simple data filtering in rough set systems Ivo Dntsch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of medical indicators for the risk of a heart attack, while p is a combined measure of psychological of a heart attack within a predefined time span, and we code 1 ­ HEART ATTACK, 0 ­ NO HEART ATTACK What

Düntsch, Ivo

368

The Rough Guide to the Moon and Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......because they are hard. The end of that speech acknowledged...significant in the history of humankind, we have achieved a...cosmic-ray spectra since the end of the Maunder minimum...fluxes and this limits humankind's ability to travel...man-made space debris. End-of-life procedures......

Mike Lockwood; Mike Hapgood

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

On the rough folding landscape of green fluorescent protein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

H. (2008). Understanding protein folding: small proteins inmultiple pathways of protein folding. Chem Biol 2, 255-60.Polymer principles and protein folding. Protein Sci 8, 1166-

Andrews, Benjamin Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Micromechanics of friction: effects of nanometre-scale roughness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the capillary force, respectively...derived from Tada's handbook (Tada et al. 1985...Salmeron1997Scratching the surface fundamental investigations of tribology with atomic force microscopy. Chem...retarded van der Waals forces. Proc. R. Soc...analysis of cracks handbook. In Paris Productions...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Biofilm Roughness Determines Cryptosporidium parvum Retention in Environmental Biofilms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cryptosporidium parvum and model sand surfaces in aqueous...32 :53-85. 16. Flood, JA and NJ Ashbolt...composition, and surface polymers to the survival and transport...2001. Two-dimensional model of biofilm detachment...planktonic samples in a model system, p 209-213...

E. A. Wolyniak DiCesare; B. R. Hargreaves; K. L. Jellison

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

372

Rough set-based neuro-fuzzy system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Neuro-fuzzy systems is a popular hybridization in soft computing that abstracts a fuzzy model from given numerical examples using neural learning techniques to formulate accurate… (more)

Ang, Kai Keng

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Rough Set Based Rule Evaluations and Their Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Knowledge discovery is an important process in data analysis, data mining and machine learning. Typically knowledge is presented in the form of rules. However, knowledge… (more)

Li, Jiye

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Rough Set and Artificial Neural Network Approach to Computational Stylistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computational stylistics or stylometry is a study on writing styles. Through linguistic analysis it yields observations on stylistic characteristics for authors, expressed in terms of quantifiable measures. Th...

Urszula Sta?czyk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Some studies on reducts in object oriented rough set models; -.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Data Analysis, Data Mining, and Machine Learning, discovery of knowledge is an important issue. The feature Subset Selection is a prominent problem within Machine… (more)

Muktevi Srivenkatesh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Query Refinement in Description Logics Using the Rough Set Theory.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Refinamento de consulta consiste de tÃcnicas que modificam os termos de uma consulta com o objetivo de alterar os resultados obtidos inicialmente. Para a realizaÃÃo… (more)

Henrique Viana Oliveira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Mining Incomplete Data—A Rough Set Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real-life data sets are frequently affected by missing attribute values. Such missing attribute values may be interpreted as lost values, “do-not care” conditions, a special case of “do-not care” conditions ca...

Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse; Zdzislaw S. Hippe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Knowledge Discovery by Application of Rough Set Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The amount of electronic data available is growing very fast and this explosive growth in databases has generated a need for new techniques and tools that can intelligently and automatically extract implicit, pre...

Jaroslaw Stepaniuk

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

‘Eavesdropping’ in wild rough-toothed dolphins (Steno bredanensis)?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cetaceans have elevated resting metabolic rates? Abstracts 10th Biennial Conf. on the biology of marine mammals. Galveston, Texas, 12-15 November 1993. The Society for Marine Mammology. Dawson, S.M 1991Clicks and communication: the behavioural...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Getting back to the rough ground: deception and ‘social living’  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and puts it under her arm like that [indicating with a surreptitious movement] and throws it behind her.. and she thinks you...staring the other out while performing the forbidden act in surreptitious manner; two examples (Reddy 1998) by acquired signinga...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Procedure for estimating fracture energy from fracture surface roughness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The fracture energy of a material is determined by first measuring the length of a profile of a section through a fractured surface of the material taken on a plane perpendicular to the mean plane of that surface, then determining the fractal dimensionality of the surface. From this, the yield strength of the material, and the Young's Modulus of that material, the fracture energy is calculated.

Williford, Ralph E. (Kennewick, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Rough Guide to the Moon and Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......arrive alive. Space is a dangerous place for humans, once...from the Sun damaging to health happen with alarming frequency...the most hazardous and dangerous and greatest adventure...procedures to minimize the health risks of space travel......

Mike Lockwood; Mike Hapgood

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

ROUGHNESS CORRECTION MODEL FOR REFLECTION FROM PERFECTLY CONDUCTING SCATTERERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project possible. Also, I would especially like to thank the NASA Rocky Mountain Space Grant Consortium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3 Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.3.1 Flat.1 Example Flat Surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.2 Example Power Spectrum

Hart, Gus

384

Distance transforms on anisotropic surfaces for surface roughness measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Distance Transform on Curved Space (DTOCS) calculates distances along a gray-level height map surface In this article, the DTOCS is generalized for surfaces represented as real altitude data in an anisotropic grid The distance transform combined ...

Leena Ikonen; Toni Kuparinen; Eduardo Villanueva; Pekka Toivanen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Immersive Planar Display using Roughly Aligned Projectors Ramesh Raskar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.cs.unc.edu/~raskar/Planar/ Abstract When a projector is oblique with respect to a planar dis- playsurface, it creates keystoning is not perpendicular to the display screen, the resultant image is keystoned and ap- pears distorted (Fig 1). We rectangular images (b) Oblique projectors create keystoned images. positioned in large display systems, after

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

386

Rough Rock, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rock, Arizona: Energy Resources Rock, Arizona: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 36.4072229°, -109.8728929° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.4072229,"lon":-109.8728929,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

387

On the Dependence of Sea Surface Roughness on Wind Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of wind waves on the momentum transfer (wind stress) between the atmosphere and sea surface was studied using new measured data from the RASEX experiment and other datasets compiled by Donelan et al.

H. K. Johnson; J. Højstrup; H. J. Vested; S. E. Larsen

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Adventure into Space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Nebula made from the Kuiper Airborne Observatory (4) shows such...field energies de-mand the release of a huge quantity of energy...The narrator is watching a fire burn up the entire corn harvest...will be a thing rotten with fire as an apple is rotten when the...

E. Margaret Burbidge

1983-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

Urbanism of disassembly : strategies for Alang's shipbreaking industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste is an integral part of our contemporary civilization based on consumption and material culture. From an empty soda can to the spent nuclear fuel rod, we define waste as the matter without immediate use: rotten, broken, ...

Barve, Aditya S. (Aditya Shankar)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Sept 2001 Rough Draft OFFM Policy Letter 02-1.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S. Department of Energy S. Department of Energy Office of Science THIS IS A RECOVERY ACT ANNOUNCEMENT RECOVERY ACT (ARRA) - EARLY CAREER RESEARCH PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: DE-PS02-09ER09-26 Announcement Type: Initial CFDA Number: 81.049 ISSUE DATE: 07/02/2009 Letter of Intent: 08/03/2009, 4:30 PM Eastern Time A Letter of Intent is encouraged Application Due Date: 09/01/2009, 8:00 PM Eastern Time EFFECTIVE MARCH 12, 2009 DO NOT USE GRANTS.GOV TO SUBMIT APPLICATIONS. USE DOE'S e-Center (IIPS) (https://e-center.doe.gov/). Instructions on the Use of IIPS are located at http://www.sc.doe.gov/grants/IIPS-Instructions.html . Applicants are required to use the compatible version of Adobe Reader software to complete a

391

A study of acoustic wave scattering from randomly rough surfaces using numerical techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ludies or:i;pl i'u:, '?;?ind j)ii( si' i 1 uc'' vial 'i!'(ls " a(id ca ' i eri iii&1 (ioo! ii i. i::n 's , . " Lhe Frc:. ??!i a&!id Fraunhofer approxiniatioi, s "!ere invest. ioaLcd. jli. en compared 1'i i!1 exp(arimenta l ! es(!1Ls, tiie Fresnel appi...!i&i Gtit'. 0!' ' i? s&'. ', ' ni ! r&! ! &'chn i ciu. . ' ( tho f. cc t i iod 1 ) i&a i e v&=:loped in earl 'iei works. 1)i y;&)11 bn e, ", pl a'. no&I only b& in)Iy, iior'e. i)1. ' o'L)ier& a more sop'iis! 'I&'ate&) sea L'&i'! Rg tec)uriq&'c (Lho I...

Clark, Douglas Norman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

rough ut Maximaization in Multi-channel I reless esh Access etworkcs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulation entities and hence non-cooperative. The long- term behavior and corresponding pertormance and Yuguang Fang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Florida Gainesville, Florida of wireless mesh access networks is addressed. For the case ot cooperative access points, we present

Latchman, Haniph A.

393

Proinflammatory Caspase-2-Mediated Macrophage Cell Death Induced by a Rough Attenuated Brucella suis Strain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...caspase-10 (Z-AEVD-FMK), and caspase-13 (Z-LEED-FMK). Each caspase inhibitor (20 muM) was used to pretreat...camera and analyzed with Qcapture Pro software (QImaging, Canada). Annexin V- and/or propidium iodide (PI)-positive...

Fang Chen; Xicheng Ding; Ying Ding; Zuoshuang Xiang; Xinna Li; Debashis Ghosh; Gerhardt G. Schurig; Nammalwar Sriranganathan; Stephen M. Boyle; Yongqun He

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

394

Development of a Hybrid Powered 2D Biped Walking Machine Designed for Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relative to their size, and typically cannot accommodate the larger actuators required to compensate for the power loss by the flexible drive. This effect leads most actuators to use rigid drive systems or compliant actuators. Typical compliant... actuators used in biped develop consist of antagonistically paired pneumatic muscles [8-9]. Smart wire has been successful as a compliant actuator for small bipeds [10]. However, many bipeds still use electric motors or actuators with rigid drive...

Baker, Bryce C.

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

395

Wind Direction Dependence of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Turbulence Parameters in the Urban Roughness Sublayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A variety of atmospheric boundary layer parameters are examined as a function of wind direction in both urban and suburban settings in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, derived from measurements during the Joint Urban 2003 field campaign. Heterogeneous ...

Cheryl Klipp

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

On the effect of surface roughness height, wettability, and nanoporosity on Leidenfrost phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent quenching heat transfer studies of nanofluids, it was found that deposition of nanoparticles on a surface raises its Leidenfrost point (LFP) considerably [ Kim et al., Int. J. Multiphase Flow 35, 427 (2009) and ...

Kim, Hyungdae

397

Contact Mechanics Modeling of Homogeneous and Layered Elastic-Plastic Media: Surface Roughness and Adhesion Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including high-efficiency gas turbines, magnetic storagethe energy transfer efficiency and gas turbine lifetime; the

Song, Zhichao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

When D is reduced, the surface-to-volume ratio grows roughly as 1/D. Consequently,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Chem. Phys. 108, 7010 (1998). 18. H. Farman, F. M. Coveney, J. C. Dore, Physica B 180-181, 857 (1992

Richmond, Geraldine L.

399

Three-dimensional roughness of stylolites in limestones Francois Renard,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of competition between the long-range elastic redistribution of local stress fluctuations, which roughen

400

Estimation of cutting forces and surface roughness for hard turning using neural networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metal cutting mechanics is quite complicated and it is very difficult to develop a comprehensive model which involves all cutting parameters affecting machining variables. In this study, machining variables su...

Vishal S. Sharma; Suresh Dhiman; Rakesh Sehgal…

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Surface Energy, Elasticity and the Homogenization of Rough P.Mohammadi1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution and subsequently different physical, mechanical and chemical properties. These differences temperature, electromagnetic properties among 1 Corresponding author: psharma@uh.edu 1 #12;others al., 2001; Hurley et al., 2001; Villain et al., 2002; Sun and Zhang, 2003; Workum and Pablo, 2003

Liu, Liping

402

Numerical Simulation of Equilibrium Liquid Configurations On and Between Rough Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch with many ceramics thannature and low thermal conductivity. 2 Ceramic applications

Bartlow, Christopher Clayton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Surface geosciences (Hydrologyhydrogeology) Fracture roughness and thermal exchange: A case study at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-affine. Une application au cas d'e´tude du re´servoir de ge´othermie profonde a` Soultz-sous-Fore^ts, France

Schmittbuhl, Jean

404

A framework of adaptive T-S type rough-fuzzy inference systems (ARFIS).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] Fuzzy inference systems (FIS) are information processing systems using fuzzy logic mechanism to represent the human reasoning process and to make decisions based… (more)

Lee, Chang Su

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The surface roughness effects in computation of the turbulent boundary layer on slender ship-hull  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An improved version of an integral method for computing turbulent boundary layers on a slender ship-hull with auxiliary shape parameter and lag- ... modifying an approximate technique of scaling model-to-ship rou...

Si-Young Kim; A. K. Lewkowicz

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

River density and landscape roughness are universal determinants of linguistic diversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which are the factors that mostly affect global LD. To this end, we apply an unbiased statistical method that yields the relative...essential to maintain not only the linguistic heritage of the humankind, but also possible unknown remnants of a rich and diverse cultural...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Pilot study of horizontal roughing filtration in northern Ghana as pretreatment for highly turbid dugout water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Northern Region Ghana (NRG), highly turbid rainwater runoff and intermittent streams are collected in earthen dams called dugouts. These dams serve as many communities' main source of drinking and domestic water despite ...

Losleben, Tamar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Roughness of a tilted anharmonic string at depinning T. Goodman1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a string with a net average tilt, we demonstrate that the anhar- monic elastic energy crosses the model renormalization group calculation by Le Doussal and Wiese [8] argued that the quenched KPZ term can indeed with zero average and unit vari- ance, f is a uniform external driving force, and Eel is the elastic energy

Teitel, Stephen L.

409

Parallelized Distributed Embedded Control System for 2D Walking Robot for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, parallelized, embedded control system was developed to provide the control structure for the Jaywalker. This system was chosen for its ability to execute simultaneous tasks efficiently. The two level control system provides a first level to implement a higher...

Strunk, Gavin

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

Effect of thermal pole tip protrusion and disk roughness on slider disk contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultra-high areal density for hard disk drives requires a stable head disk interface at a flying height lower than 8 nm. At such a low flying height, small flying height variations may cause slider/disk contacts. Slider/disk contacts can also occur ...

Jianfeng Xu; James D. Kiely; Yiao-Tee Hsia; Frank E. Talke

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Effect of thermal pole tip protrusion and disk roughness on slider disk contacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

set-up for measurement of slider vibrations for ?ve degrees-to vibration modal lines does not affect the measurementeach measurement. Except for the off-track vibration, the

Xu, Jianfeng; Kiely, James D.; Hsia, Yiao-Tee; Talke, Frank E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

HIGH AMPLITUDE VIBRATIONS DETECTION ON ROUGH SURFACES USING A PHOTOREFRACTIVE VELOCIMETER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a vibrating target. It is particularly adapted to the measurement of high amplitude (as high as some mm) low to be measured with common photorefractive semiconductors and CW lasers. Keywords : vibration measurement,3]. This sensor allows to make sensitive ultrasound vibration measurements on scattering objects. Nevertheless

413

Shear induced diffusive mixing in simulations of dense Couette flow of rough, inelastic hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Hooman Vahedi Tafreshi Department of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland William Polashenski, Jr. Lomic, Inc., 200 Innovation Blvd., State College, Pennsylvania 16803 Pertti Sarkomaa Department of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology

Tafreshi, Hooman Vahedi

414

On Two-Phase Relative Permeability and Capillary Pressure of Rough-Walled Rock Fractures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Single Rock Joints", Licentiate Thesis, Lulea Universityof Technology, Lulea, Sweden. Heiba, A. A. , Sahimi, M. ,

Pruess ed, K.; Tsang, Y.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Diamonds in the rough: identification of individual napthenic acids in oil sands process water  

SciTech Connect

Expansion of the oil sands industry of Canada has seen a concomitant increase in the amount of process water produced and stored in large lagoons known as tailings ponds. Concerns have been raised, particularly about the toxic complex mixtures of water-soluble naphthenic acids (NA) in the process water. To date, no individual NA have been identified, despite numerous attempts, and while the toxicity of broad classes of acids is of interest, toxicity is often structure-specific, so identification of individual acids may also be very important. The chromatographic resolution and mass spectral identification of some individual NA from oil sands process water is described. The authors concluded that the presence of tricyclic diamondoid acids, never before even considered as NA, suggests an unprecedented degree of biodegradation of some of the oil in the oil sands. The identifications reported should now be followed by quantitative studies, and these used to direct toxicity assays of relevant NA and the method used to identify further NA to establish which, or whether all NA, are toxic. The two-dimensional comprehensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method described may also be important for helping to better focus reclamation/remediation strategies for NA as well as in facilitating the identification of the sources of NA in contaminated surface waters (auth)

Rowland, Steven J.; Scarlett, Alan G.; Jones, David; West, Charles E. (Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth (United Kingdom)); Frank, Richard A. (Aquatic Ecosystems Protection Research Division-Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario (Canada)

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

Friction factor for turbulent flow in rough pipes from Heisenberg's closure hypothesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the main results of the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported in G. Gioia and P. Chakraborty (GC), Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (1996) can be recovered by assuming the Heisenberg closure hypothesis for the turbulent spectrum. This highlights the structural features of the turbulent spectrum underlying GC's analysis.

Esteban Calzetta

2009-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

417

Strain-balanced quantum cascade lasers: influence of growth temperature on interface roughness and laser performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of substrate temperature on the performances of quantum cascade lasers operating at 4.6um is presented. Using a density matrix model results for different growth temperatures...

Bismuto, Alfredo; Terazzi, Romain; Beck, Mattias; Faist, Jerome

418

Near-Field Imaging of Infinite Rough Surfaces in Dielectric Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 15, 2014 ... c 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics ... of modern science and technology, including surface chemistry, biology, .... for the linearization procedure and the dependence of the resolution on the parameters of.

Bao, G. and Li, P.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Direct measurement of energy barriers on rough and heterogeneous solid surfaces  

SciTech Connect

This paper will deal with the phenomenon of energy barriers to the spread of liquids on solids. These barriers often manifest themselves as a {open_quotes}pinning{close_quotes} of a sessile drop as liquid is added to it. That is, the volume of the drop increases, but the diameter does not. Thus the advancing contact angle ({theta}{sub a}) increases to a maximum. At the point where the hydrostatic pressure in the drop overcomes the {open_quotes}pinning{close_quotes} force the diameter suddenly increases and the drop relaxes to a metastable configuration which has a lower {theta}{sub a}. Energy barriers should be considered in many applications such as the spreading of liquid adhesives where thorough wetting is the goal. The interfacial forces involved are both long-range Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) forces and short-range acid-base (AB) forces. The authors will describe how they measure the energy barriers on real surfaces directly and resolve them into their LW and AB components.

Lloyd, T.B. [Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States); LaGow, J. [Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA (United States); Connelly, G.M. [Connelly Applied Research, Nazareth, PA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Rough Set Approach to Online Customer’s Review Mining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With rapid development of information technologies, vast data and information have been generated and accumulated which requires new methods to support decisions. In this paper under the research topic of multipl...

Wei Wang; Huan Yuan; Ye Chen; Ping Yang…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Rough set-based reasoning and pattern mining for information filtering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An information filtering (IF) system monitors an incoming document stream to find the documents that match the information needs specified by the user profiles. To… (more)

Zhou, Xujuan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Rough Set-Based Identification of Heart Valve Diseases Using Heart Sounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Taking into account that heart auscultation remains the dominant method for heart examination in the small health centers of the rural areas and generally in primary healthcare set-ups, the enhancement of this te...

Mostafa A. Salama; Omar S. Soliman…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Application of Rough Set Theory to Sentiment Analysis of Microblog Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microblogging has become a popular medium for broadcasting short text messages of 140 characters or less through social networks. There are millions of such posts shared each day, publically expressing sentiment ...

Chien-Chung Chan; Kathy J. Liszka

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set (CARDS): Rough and Systematic Errors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of anthropogenic climate change and the possible problems associated with it are of great interest. However, one cannot study climate change without climate data. The Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set (CARDS) project ...

Robert E. Eskridge; Oleg A. Alduchov; Irina V. Chernykh; Zhai Panmao; Arthur C. Polansky; Stephen R. Doty

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Studies in rough set theory based routing protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks on freeways;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs) are self-organizing ad hoc networks that are specifically designed for communication among vehicles. VANETs are a special case of Mobile… (more)

Shylaja B S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Removal of Inconsistent Training Data in Electronic Nose Using Rough Set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inconsistency in the electronic nose data set may appear due to noise that originates ... relevant, irredundant features present in the data set. In an electronic nose the features correspond ... important. To ob...

Anil Kumar Bag; Bipan Tudu…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Use of Rough Sets and Spectral Data for Building Predictive Models of Reaction Rate Constants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model for predicting the log of the rate constants for alkaline hydrolysis of organic esters has been developed with the use of gas-phase mid-infrared library spectra and a...

Collette, Timothy W; Szladow, Adam J

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Fuzzy and Rough Set Theory in Treatment of Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fuzzy set theory was presented for the first time by Professor Lotfi A. Zadeh from Berkeley University in 1965. In conventional binary logic a statement… (more)

Zettervall, Hang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

S-truncated Functions and Rough Sets in Approximation and Classification of Bottleneck Polygons.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Some collections of two-dimensional points form very irregular shapes, which cannot be approximated by standard curves without making large errors. We approximate the sets of… (more)

Rakus-Andersson, Elisabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A SELF-LEARNING AUDIO PLAYER THAT USES A ROUGH SET AND NEURAL NET HYBRID APPROACH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A self-­?learning Audio Player was built to learn users habits by analyzing operations the user does when listening to music. The self-­?learning component is intended… (more)

Zuo, Hongming

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

A rough set-based incremental approach for learning knowledge in dynamic incomplete information systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the rapid growth of data sets nowadays, the object sets in an information system may evolve in time when new information arrives. In order to deal with the missing data and incomplete information in real decision problems, this paper presents a matrix based incremental approach in dynamic incomplete information systems. Three matrices (support matrix, accuracy matrix and coverage matrix) under four different extended relations (tolerance relation, similarity relation, limited tolerance relation and characteristic relation), are introduced to incomplete information systems for inducing knowledge dynamically. An illustration shows the procedure of the proposed method for knowledge updating. Extensive experimental evaluations on nine UCI datasets and a big dataset with millions of records validate the feasibility of our proposed approach.

Dun Liu; Tianrui Li; Junbo Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Strain-induced reduction of surface roughness dominated spin relaxation in MOSFETs  

SciTech Connect

Semiconductor spintronics is a rapidly developing field with large impact on microelectronics. Using spin may help to reduce power consumption and increase computational speed. Silicon is perfectly suited for spin-based applications. It is characterized by a weak spin-orbit interaction which should result in a long spin lifetime. However, recent experiments indicate the lifetime is greatly reduced in gated structures. Thus, understanding the peculiarities of the spin-orbit effects on the subband structure and details of the spin propagation in surface layers and thin silicon films is urgently needed. We investigate the contribution of the spin-orbit interaction to the equivalent valley splitting and calculate the spin relaxation matrix elements by using a perturbative k ?p approach. We demonstrate that applying uniaxial stress along the [110] direction may considerably suppress electron spin relaxation in silicon surface layers and thin films.

Osintsev, Dmitri; Stanojevic, Zlatan; Baumgartner, Oskar; Sverdlov, Viktor; Selberherr, Siegfried [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

433

Variation of regional seismic discriminants with surface topographic roughness in the Western United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...test ban treaty, because many regions with no prior nuclear explosions must be monitored. It is much more likely that a surreptitious nuclear event will be detected (i.e., recognized as an outlier event) if the earthquake population has a tightly defined...

Tian-Run Zhang; Thorne Lay; Susan Schwartz; William R. Walter

434

Variation of regional seismic discriminants with surface topographic roughness in the Western United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Proceedings of the ARPA CTBT Monitoring Technologies Conference...element in strategies for monitoring a comprehensive test...much more likely that a surreptitious nuclear event will be...for areas with little monitoring history. This effec...

Tian-Run Zhang; Thorne Lay; Susan Schwartz; William R. Walter

435

Dilatant Flow of Concentrated Suspensions of Rough Particles Didier Lootens,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, despite its industrial importance [3]. Direct observation of concentrated colloidal suspensions under flow. Nevertheless, indirect information on the anisotropic orga- nization might be obtained by mechanical for the aniso- tropic structure formation. In this Letter, we use concentrated suspensions of silica particles

Weick, Guillaume - IPCMS

436

Discovery of Process Models from Data and Domain Knowledge: A Rough-Granular Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rapid expansion of the Internet has resulted not only in the ever growing amount of data therein stored, but also in the burgeoning complexity of the concepts and phenomena pertaining to those data. This i...

Andrzej Skowron

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Discovery of process models from data and domain knowledge: a rough-granular approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rapid expansion of the Internet has resulted not only in the ever growing amount of data therein stored, but also in the burgeoning complexity of the concepts and phenomena pertaining to those data. This issue has been vividly compared [14] by the ...

Andrzej Skowron

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

How surface roughness affects the angular dependence of the sputtering yield , A. Hassanein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Materials under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West algorithm in pattern recog- nition area are combined with the Monte Carlo ion bombardment simulation code, i.e., Ion Transport in Materials and Compounds (ITMC) code [1]. With this new fractal version of ITMC-F, we

Harilal, S. S.

439

Visual estimation of wheel sinkage for rough-terrain mobile robots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For mobile robots driving across natural terrains, it is critical that the dynamic effects occurring at the wheel-terrain interface be taken into account. One of the most prevalent of these effects is wheel sinkage. Wheels can sink to depths sufficient to prevent further motion, possibly leading to danger of entrapment. This paper presents an algorithm for visual estimation of sinkage. We call it the visual sinkage estimation (VSE) method. It assumes the presence of a monocular camera and an artificial pattern, attached to the wheel side, to determine the terrain contact angle. This paper also introduces an analytical model for wheel sinkage in deformable terrain based on terramechanics. To validate the VSE module, firstly, several tests are performed on a single-wheel test bed, under different operating conditions. Secondly, the effectiveness of the proposed approach is proved in real contexts, employing an all-terrain rover travelling on a sandy beach.

Giulio Reina; Annalisa Milella; Angelo Gentile

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Origin, evolution, and control of sidewall line edge roughness transfer during plasma etching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) micromasking. Porous films seem especially prone, perhaps due to polymer diffusion into the pore structure. Control of polymerization during the etch through the use of lower-polymerizing fluorocarbons or the ...

Rasgon, Stacy A., 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Rough-terrain mobile robot planning and control with application to planetary exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future planetary exploration missions will require mobile robots to perform difficult tasks in highly challenging terrain, with limited human supervision. Current motion planning and control algorithms are not well suited ...

Iagnemma, Karl David

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Sea Surface Roughness and Drag Coefficient as Functions of Neutral Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Near the surface, it is commonly believed that the behavior of the (turbulent) atmospheric flow can be well described by a constant stress layer. In the case of a neutrally stratified surface layer, this leads to the well-known logarithmic wind ...

Hans Hersbach

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Electric strength of the accelerating gap of a plasma electron source at rough vacuum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conditions for the electric breakdown of the accelerating gap of a plasma electron source are determined. It is shown that,...

V. A. Burdovitsin; M. N. Kuzemchenko; E. M. Oks

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The roughness of stylolites: Implications of 3D high resolution topography measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mountains in France (Fig. 1). The samples have been collected in newly open quarries, thus pre- served from

Boyer, Edmond

445

Development of the Robotic Touch foot Sensor for 2D walking Robot, for Studying Rough Terrain Locomotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to make robotic movements to imitate human motion all over the world. Results of that effort are seen with robots now being able to accomplish tasks that were once performed solely human workers such as in factories, like automobile industries...……………………….…..…...6 1.1 The advantage of the inductive touch sensor ……………………………..6 1.2 Basic theories involved in the robotic touch foot sensor…….…........…....9 1.3 Analysis of maximum impact power………………………………..…...12 2. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROBOTIC TOUCH FOOT...

Lee, Hunwoo

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Wavy and rough cracks in silicon Robert D. Deegan, Shilpa Chheda, Lisa Patel, M. Marder, and Harry L. Swinney  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and microfluidic devices from silicon is a case in point: the drive to miniaturization is on a collision course

Texas at Austin. University of

447

Interval Set Clustering of Web Users using Modified Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps based on the Properties of Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Interval Set Clustering of Web Users using Modified Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps based, 121 35 Prague 2, Czech Republic Abstract Web usage mining involves application of data mining techniques to discover usage patterns from the web data. Clustering is one of the important functions in web

448

During the past 20 years, the US has engaged in two wars but has participated in roughly 30 major mil-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale wars, most military training still focuses on war fight- ing. Furthermore, because military operations, Analysis, and Simulation Center Training in Peacekeeping Operations Using Virtual Environments mil- itary operations. Although such operations have far more complex rules of engagement than large

McKenzie, Rick

449

Oceans of opportunity or rough seas? What does the future hold for developments in European marine policy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...industries (e.g. wind turbines and marine protected...fishing or oil and gas to more collaborative...needed to support life including fresh water...marine plan, with the remaining area plans being...e.g. oil and gas, defence and navigation...litter and oil and gas are substantial issues...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Improving controllable adhesion on both rough and smooth surfaces with a hybrid electrostatic/gecko-like adhesive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sandwich panel, graphite M55J, thermal black paint on aluminium, copper-clad Rogers 4003...applications in manufacturing, mobile robots and grappling objects in a space environment...steel polished 34.8 36.0 32.1 35.2 paint thermal black S13 on aluminium 0.1 5...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The impact of new short season rice varieties on drying and storage of rough rice in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Values are shown below Coefficients) 28 6. The Comparison of Size D stribution of On-farm Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 39 7. The Comparison of Size Distribution of Commercial and Cooperative Drying and Storage Facilities in 1955 and 1965 42..., On-farm and Off-farm, Coast Prairie of Texas, 1955-65 40 5. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at State Level, 1955-65 47 6. Comparison of Rice Production and Storage Capacity at Sector Level, 1955-65 51 7. Comparison of Highest...

Bhagia, Gobind Shewakram

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

452

Importance of thermal effects and sea surface roughness for wind resource and wind shear at offshore sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at offshore sites Bernhard Lange*, Søren Larsen# , Jørgen Højstrup# , Rebecca Barthelmie# *ForWind - Centre of offshore wind power utilisation depends on the favourable wind conditions offshore as compared to sites for this flow. It's applicability for wind power prediction at offshore sites is investigated using data from

Heinemann, Detlev

453

Intermolecular force and surface roughness models for air bearing simulations for sub-5 nm flying height sliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the spacing between the slider and the disk is less than 5 nm, the intermolecular...2002...) can be view as a flat slider–disk intermolecular force model. The contact distance between the slider and disk nee...

Du Chen; David B. Bogy

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

In-flight Receptivity Experiments on a 30-degree Swept-wing using Micron-sized Discrete Roughness Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laminar flow control strategy. Results of a 3-year flight test program focused on receptivity measurements and laminar flow control on a 30-degree swept-wing are presented. A swept-wing test article was mounted on the port wing of a Cessna O-2A aircraft...

Carpenter, Andrew L.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

455

Meniscus and viscous forces during separation of hydrophilic and hydrophobic smooth/rough surfaces with symmetric and asymmetric contact angles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...figure 7 d). From the analysis, an increase in contact...provides a comprehensive analysis of meniscus and viscous...Bhushan2006Three-dimensional dry/wet contact analysis of multilayered elastic...Nuclear Ener. B: Reactor Technol. 2, 229-237...become one of the main reliability issues when the contacting...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Oceans of opportunity or rough seas? What does the future hold for developments in European marine policy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Policy and Marine Strategy Framework Directive...next step the development of the scientific...for economic development and conservation...e.g. wind turbines and marine protected...fishing or oil and gas to more collaborative...coordinate via the development of Memorandums...the Marine Strategy Framework Directive...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

DownloadedBy:[UniversityofStuttgart]At:09:1125July2008 Simulation of fluid flow in hydrophobic rough microchannels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

condition was successfully applied in engineering applications. Nevertheless, Navier (1823) introduced

Harting, Jens

458

Effective Roughness Calculated from Satellite-Derived Land Cover Maps and Hedge-Information used in a Weather Forecasting Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In numerical weather prediction, climate and hydrologicalmodelling, the grid cell size is typically larger than the horizontal length scales of variations in aerodynamicroughness, surface temperature and surfa...

Charlotte B. Hasager; Niels W. Nielsen; Niels Otto Jensen…

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Experimental investigation of effects of surface roughness, wettability and boiling-time on steady state and transient CHF for nanofluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Critical Heat Flux (CHF) is one of the primary design constraints in a nuclear reactor. Increasing the CHF of water can enhance the safety margins of the current fleet of Light Water Reactors (LWRs) and/or increase their ...

Sharma, Vivek Inder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Environmental assessment for transuranic waste work-off plan, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Rough draft: Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) generates transuranic (TRU) waste in a variety of programs related to national defense. TRU waste is a specific class of radioactive waste requiring permanent isolation. Most defense-related TRU waste will be permanently disposed of in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). WIPP is a deep geologic repository located in southeastern New Mexico and is now in the testing phase of development. All waste received by Wipp must conform with established Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC). The purpose of the proposed action is to retrieve stored TRU waste and prepare the waste for shipment to and disposal WIPP. Stored TRU waste LANL is represented by four waste forms. The facilities necessary for work-off activities are tailored to the treatment and preparation of these four waste forms. Preparation activities for newly generated TRU waste are also covered by this action.

Not Available

1990-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Bar codes and intrinsic-surface-roughness tag: Accurate and low-cost accountability for CFE. [Conventional force equipment (CFE)  

SciTech Connect

CFE poses a number of verification challenges that could be met in part by an accurate and low-cost means of aiding in accountability of treaty-limited equipment. Although the treaty as signed does not explicitly call for the use of tags, there is a provision for recording serial numbers'' and placing special marks'' on equipment subject to reduction. There are approximately 150,000 residual items to be tracked for CFE-I, about half for each alliance of state parties. These highly mobile items are subject to complex treaty limitations: deployment limits and zones, ceilings subceilings, holdings and allowances. There are controls and requirements for storage, conversion, and reduction. In addition, there are national security concerns regarding modernization and mobilization capability. As written into the treaty, a heavy reliance has been placed on human inspectors for CFE verification. Inspectors will mostly make visual observations and photographs as the means of monitoring compliance; these observations can be recorded by handwriting or keyed into a laptop computer. CFE is now less a treaty between two alliances than a treaty among 22 state parties, with inspection data an reports to be shared with each party in the official languages designated by CSCE. One of the potential roles for bar-coded tags would be to provide a universal, exchangable, computer-compatible language for tracking TLE. 10 figs.

DeVolpi, A.; Palm, R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Influence of Bottom Friction on Sea Surface Roughness and Its Impact on Shallow Water Wind Wave Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a selected subset of the measured data obtained in shallow waters near Vindeby, Denmark, during RASEX (Risø Air–Sea Experiment), the role of bottom friction dissipation in predicting wind waves (not swell) is assessed with a third-...

Hakeem K. Johnson; Henrik Kofoed-Hansen

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Data Mining in Business Intelligence Professor Hui Xiong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by One Very Rotten Apple Rogue Trader's $7.14 Billion Loss · Biggest Bank Fraud in History ­ 2008: Bank of fictitious transactions · China Aviation Oil (CAO), Chen Jiulin, led to a loss of $550 million Business) ­ Price manipulations (in or outgoing stars, potentially with losses) · Fraud Risk Propagation

464

Thirty year change in lodgepole and lodgepole/mixed conifer forest structure following 1980s mountain pine beetle outbreak in western Colorado, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current mortality in lodgepole pine caused by mountain pine beetle (MPB) throughout much of western North America has resulted in concern about future forest structure. To better understand the long-term effects of the current mortality, and how it might differ depending on forest species composition, we measured forest vegetation and woody fuel accumulations in forest affected by a MPB outbreak in the late 1970s and early 1980s and compared conditions to 1980s USDA Forest Service data to quantify changes in the approximately 30 years following tree mortality. Stands were classified into two forest type groups based on species composition prior to 1970s/1980s MPB mortality: lodgepole pine and mixed conifer. In the 30 years after MPB mortality, lodgepole pine stands’ overstory recovered to 91% of pre-mortality total basal area and 93% of overstory trees ha?1. Mixed conifer stands’ basal area and overstory trees ha?1 remained significantly reduced. In both forest types relative basal area and trees ha?1 of non-pine species increased, and understory trees ha?1 increased roughly fivefold. In lodgepole pine stands, the most abundant species in the 1980s understory was subalpine fir, followed by lodgepole pine. By the 2010s, subalpine fir and aspen were the most abundant understory tree species. In mixed conifer stands, subalpine fir and Engelmann spruce dominated all understory size classes in the 1980s and the 2010s. Total down woody fuels were greater in mixed conifer (103 Mg ha?1) than lodgepole pine stands (60 Mg ha?1) due to higher rotten fuel accumulation in mixed conifer than lodgepole pine stands. Overall, our results suggest that long-term forest recovery trajectories are dependent on pre-outbreak species composition, though understory densities are likely to increase regardless of non-pine species abundances. These shifts in species and size composition by 30 years after outbreak likely have substantial impacts on forest health, potential fire behavior and ecosystem processes. We speculate that forest recovery following the current MPB outbreak in these areas will be similar to observed changes following the 1970s/1980s outbreak.

Kristen A. Pelz; Frederick W. Smith

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Kharia-English Lexicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rough, khã?a See khan?a roughen; M id : become rough; rough,make s.th. (e.g. dirt for planting) rough, roughen ( tr ); Mid : become rough, roughen ( itr ) < S. rukh??- ‘rough’ rupi

Peterson, John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, Moscow, Russia, August 1821, 2009 213 Separating Dielectric and Conductor Loss for Rough Striplines in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Abstracts, Moscow, Russia, August 18­21, 2009 213, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia Abstract-- Knowledge on dielectric constant and loss tangent

Koledintseva, Marina Y.

467

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 50MT of plutonium using new faciliites at the Savannah River site: alternative 12A  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 50 metric tons of plutonium using ceramic in a new facility at Savannah River Site (SRS).

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Static and dynamic contact angle measurement on rough surfaces using sessile drop profile analysis with application to water management in low temperature fuel cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Fuel Cells are a promising alternative energy technology. One of the biggest problems that exists in fuel cell is that of water management. A… (more)

Konduru, Vinaykumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Interface roughness evolution in sputtered WSi2/Si multilayers Yi-Ping Wang, Hua Zhou, Lan Zhou, and Randall L. Headricka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Randall L. Headricka Department of Physics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 Albert T

Headrick, Randall L.

470

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 18.2 MT of plutonium sharing existing facilities at Hanford with pit disassembly {ampersand} conversion facility: alternative 2  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 18.2 metric tons (nominal) of plutonium as a ceramic in an existing facility at Hanford, the Fuels and Materials Examination Facility (FMEF). The Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF), which is being costed in a separate report will also be located in the FMEF in this co- location option. The technical engineering data used as the basis for this study is presented in the EIS Data Call Input Report, `Plutonium Immobilization Plant Using Ceramic in Existing Facilities at Hanford.` The FMEF will require minimal facility modifications to accommodate the Plutonium Immobilization Plant (PIP). Adequate space is available within the FMEF for installation of the immobilization process equipment. Facility HVAC, utility, and support systems exist to support the immobilization operations. Building modifications are primarily the removal of the SAF line (gloveboxes and support equipment) on the 70` level and building interior changes. The plutonium immobilization equipment will primarily occupy the 42` and 70` levels of the FMEF, with the same equipment layout as in the sole occupancy case. The Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility would occupy the 21` and O` (Entry) levels. Elements of the FMEF and adjacent Fuel Assembly Area (FAA) that will be shared by PIP and PDCF include shipping and receiving, laboratory, waste handling, security, offices, maintenance shops, SNM storage vault, and utilities. It was assumed that the existing utilities and support systems are adequate or only need minor upgrades to support both the PIP and PDCF. The PIP cost estimate was reconciled with the PDCF cost estimate to confirm the use and costs of shared systems and personnel. The facility design for a 50 metric ton plutonium throughput plant will be used for the 18.2 metric ton facility. Plutonium conversion operations will operate at the same design rate as the 50 metric ton facility over the 10 year operating period. Some of the process equipment will operate for a shorter period of time and fewer operators will be required. The assumptions, missions, design bases, facility and process descriptions, and accident analyses are the same. Therefore it is assumed that the capital cost for the 18.2 metric ton facility is identical to that of the 50 metric ton facility. However, the following operating costs will be less: consumable materials, equipment replacement and maintenance labor, employment requirements, and waste generation.

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 50 MT of plutonium sharing existing facilities at Hanford with pit disassembly {ampersand} conversion facility: alternative 11  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 50 metric tons (nominal) of plutonium as a ceramic in an existing facility at Hanford, the Fuels and Materials Examination Facility (FMEF). The Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF), which is being costed in a separate report by LANL, will also be located in the FMEF in this co-location option.

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Finding Computed Diamonds in a Virtual Rough: Screening and Evaluation of Conformations and Energetics from Drug Discovery to Computational Enzyme Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a) the EDGEScore distribution for design 1; b) the EDGEScorec) the EDGEScore distribution for design 2; d) the EDGEScorea) the EDGEScore distribution for design 1; b) the EDGEScore

Johnson, Scott Arne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Surfactant Aggregates at Rough Solid-Liquid Interfaces Hannes C. Schniepp, Ho C. Shum, Dudley A. Saville, and Ilhan A. Aksay*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of surfactants at interfaces is important for many technical applications and industrial processes. The best approach so far to obtain detailed morphological information on surface aggregates-37,42-45 and mica.36,40,42 Amorphous silica that forms as a native oxide on highly smooth silicon has been the third

Aksay, Ilhan A.

474

Maize rough sheath2 and Its Arabidopsis Orthologue ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1 Interact with HIRA, a Predicted Histone Chaperone, to Maintain knox Gene Silencing and Determinacy during Organogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Deacetylation of these histone residues is interrelated with their methylation, which leads...clear whether WRKY1 functions in this process, the close homology with a somatic embryogenesis-associated...chromatin structure. Components of this process are conserved in animals, suggesting...

Tara L. Phelps-Durr; Julie Thomas; Phil Vahab; Marja C.P. Timmermans

2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

Session EP23A. Aeolian Processes and Desert Landscape Development Impact of surface roughness and soil texture on mineral dust emission fluxes modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) · Meteorology using WRF and use of a Weibull wind speed distribution · Transport using CHIMERE The main sources models. Modeling of the period of March to July of 2011 with WRF and CHIMERE : · Models : WRF as a function of its use in local to global meteorological and dust transport models Comparison

Menut, Laurent

476

Investigating the Design and Development of Multitouch Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the aesthetics and rough layout of the set. Then the setthe rough placement of objects for organic set construction.

Kin, Kenrick

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Life-cycle Environmental Inventory of Passenger Transportation in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

roughly 5% of global primary energy consumption annually.for  roughly  5%  of  global  primary  energy  consumption 

Chester, Mikhail V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The World of Dark Shadows Issue 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publication. This reprint tollows the text ot the origiDal , de letiDg aD edi­ torial co.plaining about rotten mimeograph lIIachinee, aDd outdated ada. VICTORIA WINTERS--PARALLEL TIME: 1966 By Mat t hew ~ It wa. in tha month ot April in the year 1966... that Victoria WiDters acquired her position as govsrness at the grand house ot Ooll inwood. Hsr tirst glimpse ot the house was in the eveni ng . She bad arrived in the village of Collineport 8n hour be f ore . Soon sh. vould eee the interior of Collinwood...

Multiple Contributors

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Rough order of magnitude cost estimate for immobilization of 18.2 MT of plutonium using existing facilities at the Savannah River site: alternatives 3A/5A/6A/6B/7A/9A  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Cost Estimate Report is to identify preliminary capital and operating costs for a facility to immobilize 18.2 metric tons (nominal) of plutonium using ceramic in a new facility at Savannah River Site (SRS).

DiSabatino, A., LLNL

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

LRB Steven Shapin: Rough Trade http://www.lrb.co.uk/v25/n05/print/shap01_.html 1 of 12 2/4/2008 11:32 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a provisional patent and, after formally offering it to any government agency that funded the research ­ which wish, but eventually you may proceed to a full (or utility) patent, where property rights are wrapped up more securely, and, while IP lawyers make fortunes from litigation about who in fact owns

Shapin, Steven

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rough rotten salvable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Covering based approximation – a new type approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rough set theory, proposed by Pawlak is termed as basic (traditional) rough set theory and it has been extended in many directions. Covering based rough set is one of the extensions of the basic rough set theory. A covering is a generalisation of notion of partitioned rough set (Pawalk rough set) introduced by W. Zakowski. In this article it is introduced a new type of covering-based rough set in which both lower and upper approximation operators are improved.

Debadutta Mohanty

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Planar Josephson junctions and arrays by electron beam lithography and ion damage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beam current was set to CL rough 12 or higher and magni?set the desired current. Typically these CL settings (rough, ?

Cybart, Shane A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Data analysis methods for motion segmentation and material reflectance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ?rst step provides a rough partitioning of the set ofThe ?rst step provides a rough partitioning of the set of

Wills, Joshua J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Have you ever bitten into what appears to be a perfectly ripe peach only to discover that it  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

bitten into what appears to be a perfectly ripe peach only to discover that it bitten into what appears to be a perfectly ripe peach only to discover that it was rotten and tasted terrible? Project reports to management can be very similar to this experience. DOE executes a diverse portfolio of capital asset projects that are of such size and complexity they must be programmed, planned, budgeted, and executed over multiple fiscal years. Because of this, a number of tools assist the Federal Project Director (FPD) in making sound decisions to successfully complete a project within its Performance Baseline (PB), and provide independent assessments to the Acquisition Executive. Project reviews are one such tool. Project reviews are a valuable tool and can vary significantly in intensity, frequency, duration

485

Renewable Natural Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas Natural Gas JOHN DAVIS: The use of clean, domestic natural gas as highway fuel in place of imported oil is growing in popularity with fleets and trucking companies. While natural gas from underground deposits is arguably a limited resource, there is a renewable, eco-friendly resource that we have right here in the U.S.A. And we're here now to give you the straight poop! Every family, farm animal and food processing plant in America produces organic waste that creates a mix of methane, CO2 and other elements called bio gas when it decomposes. Rotten vegetables, moldy bread, last night's leftovers --- they all break down when our garbage gets to the land fill. Incredibly, for

486

State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Naturally rough interface Artificially roughen interface Interface processing, Wall splicing Wall

487

A Java implementation of the RS1 algorithm using SQL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation of the RS1 Rough Sets algorithm, that leverages the use of a Data Base Management System (DBMS is implemented within a single Java class, making it ideal not only for Rough Set research, but as an add-on to non Rough Set projects. Keywords Java, Rough Set Implementation, Database Management Sys- tem 1 #12; 1

Regina, University of

488

INFORMATION SCIENCES xx, 1xx (1994) 1 Interpretations of Belief Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of rough sets with finite universe. The concept of standard rough set algebras is generalized in two universes, which leads to the notion of interval algebras. Pawlak rough set algebras may be used to interpret belief functions whose focal elements form a partition of the universe. Generalized rough set

Yao, Yiyu

489

Attribute selection with fuzzy decision reducts Chris Cornelis a,*, Richard Jensen b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xxxx Keywords: Rough sets Fuzzy sets Attribute selection Data analysis Decision reducts a b s t r a c t Rough set theory provides a methodology for data analysis based on the approximation of concepts rough set theory, we present a generalization of the classical rough set framework for data

Gent, Universiteit

490

Feature Selection with Fuzzy Decision Reducts Chris Cornelis1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the context of fuzzy rough set theory, we generalize the classical rough set framework for data confirms the potential of the approach. Keywords: fuzzy sets, rough sets, decision reducts, classification 1 Introduction Rough set theory [5] is well-suited to semantics-preserving data dimensionality

Gent, Universiteit

491

A Robust Logic for Rule-based Reasoning under Uncertainty Simon Parsons, Miroslav Kubat*, and Mirko Dohnal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the knowledge, the higher the probability of failure of the reasoning system. The theory of rough sets a logic based on rough set theory that is suitable for reasoning under uncertainty, a rough inference rule are often desirable. 2. Rough set theory Consider a set of elementary objects A = {A1,...,An}. The members

Parsons, Simon

492

New Ultra-High Speed Network Connection for Researchers and Educators...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

some areas, consumers on a more expensive service plan might get roughly .05 gbps. A 4G cell phone is in roughly the same ballpark of about .01 gbps. The new 100 gbps network...

493

Understanding the friction factor behavior in liquid annular seals with deliberately roughened surfaces, a CFD approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these deliberately roughened surfaces are governed by the roughness ability to develop a high static pressure in the trailing face of each roughness cavity. Wall shear stresses play a secondary role....

Villasmil Urdaneta, Larry Alfonso

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

Enhancement of Raman Scattering for Silver Nanoparticles Located on Electrolessly Roughened Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To study the effect of roughness of a supporting substrate to Raman enhancement, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared on Si with different degrees of roughness. To roughen the...

Liou, Yen-Chen Maggie; Chen, Jiann-Yeu; Yang, Jyisy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Time-Varying BRDFs Bo Sun, Student Member, IEEE Computer Society, Kalyan Sunkavalli,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, spray, and oil), the drying of wet rough surfaces (cement, plaster, and fabrics), the accumulation of paints (watercolor, spray, and oil), drying of wet rough surfaces (fabrics, plaster, and cement

Yang, Junfeng

496

Stabilizing contact angle hysteresis of paraffin wax surfaces with nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Another observation with regard to the effect of the organoclay is that it increases surface roughness. Figure 3 shows optical profilometry images of the pure wax and nanocomposite samples. Average roughness valu...

Gang Pu; Steven J. Severtson

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Thermal contact resistance with non-uniform interface pressures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work considers the effect of roughness and waviness on interfacial pressure distributions and interfacial contact resistance. It is shown that for moderate roughness the contour area could be substantially different ...

McMillan, Robert

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Design of robotic quadruped legs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prized for their performance on prepared surfaces, wheeled vehicles are often limited in mobility by rough and unstructured terrain. Conversely, systems that rely on legs have shown promising rough terrain performance but ...

McKenzie, Jacob Elijah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Fermilab | Science | Inquiring Minds | Questions About Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why does friction increase with roughness to a point and then start to decrease with increasing roughness? Dear SirMadam, Please can you help me to explain an experiment result....

500

International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 16, No. 8 (2002) 12171223 c World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Turkey Received 21 May 2001 The roughness exponent of surfaces obtained by dispersing silica spheres to various industrial processes such as the growth of films by deposition.1,2 Rough surfaces formed

Kurnaz, Levent