National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for rotten salvageable dead

  1. A domestic salvage strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seeley, R.S.

    1995-04-01

    While many developers are looking to international markets, United American Energy Corp.`s strategy of staying in the United States market has helped them carve a niche in the power industry. In the early 1990s UAE focused its energies to revitalizing troubled projects when it became apparent that optimistic projections for electric demand and rates would not materialize. While other companies turned to public offerings and international expansion, UAE invested its energies in helping lenders salvage domestic energy assets that were headed for default. Today, UAE owns and/or manages 11 power producing projects in five states, with aggregate revenues in excess of $100 million. Has parlayed a solid background in the technical and financial aspects of power plant operation into a mandate for rescuing troubled assets.

  2. Salvaging Timber: Frequently Asked Questions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

    2005-10-19

    been damaged by a natural disaster, you will need a forester?s help in estimating damage and determining a deductible casualty loss. A forester also can help you market salvage timber and decide the best way to manage undamaged standing timber.... The Texas Forest Service has foresters in most counties who are available to help. Contact information can be found at http://texasforestservice.tamu.edu. As a service to landowners, the Texas Forest Service also maintains a Profes- sional Management...

  3. The cost effectiveness of salvage pilot study report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1971-09-28

    INTRODUCTION Salvage techniques aim to reduce or eliminate the losses caused by an outbreak of fire and by the firefighting operations necessiated by the fire.

  4. Salvaged castings and methods of salvaging castings with defective cast cooling bumps

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Robert Alan (Simpsonville, SC); Schaeffer, Jon Conrad (Greenville, SC); Lee, Ching-Pang (Cincinnati, OH); Abuaf, Nesim (Lincoln City, OR); Hasz, Wayne Charles (Pownal, VT)

    2002-01-01

    Castings for gas turbine parts exposed on one side to a high-temperature fluid medium have cast-in bumps on an opposite cooling surface side to enhance heat transfer. Areas on the cooling surface having defectively cast bumps, i.e., missing or partially formed bumps during casting, are coated with a braze alloy and cooling enhancement material to salvage the part.

  5. Salvage HDR Brachytherapy for Recurrent Prostate Cancer After Previous Definitive Radiation Therapy: 5-Year Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Chien Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, California (United States); Weinberg, Vivian [Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Comprehensive Cancer Center Biostatistics Core, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Shinohara, Katsuto [Department of Urology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Urology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Roach, Mack; Nash, Marc; Gottschalk, Alexander; Chang, Albert J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Hsu, I-Chow, E-mail: IHsu@radonc.ucsf.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California—San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Purpose: Evaluate efficacy and toxicity of salvage high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRB) for locally recurrent prostate cancer after definitive radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed 52 consecutively accrued patients undergoing salvage HDRB between 1998 and 2009 for locally recurrent prostate cancer after previous definitive RT. After pathologic confirmation of locally recurrent disease, patients received 36 Gy in 6 fractions. Twenty-four patients received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy before salvage, and no patients received adjuvant hormonal therapy. Determination of biochemical failure after salvage HDRB was based on the Phoenix definition. Overall survival (OS) and bF distributions were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of biochemical control. Acute and late genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicities, based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4), were documented. Results: Median follow-up after salvage HDRB was 59.6 months. The 5-year OS estimate was 92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80%-97%) with median survival not yet reached. Five-year biochemical control after salvage was 51% (95% CI: 34%-66%). Median PSA nadir postsalvage was 0.1 (range: 0-7.2) reached at a median of 10.2 months after completing HDRB. As for complications, acute and late grade 3 GU toxicities were observed in only 2% and 2%, respectively. No grade 2 or higher acute GI events and 4% grade 2 GI late events were observed. On univariate analysis, disease-free interval after initial definitive RT (P=.07), percent of positive cores at the time of diagnosis (P=.08), interval from first recurrence to salvage HDRB (P=.09), and pre-HDRB prostate-specific antigen (P=.07) were each of borderline significance in predicting biochemical control after salvage HDRB. Conclusions: Prostate HDRB is an effective salvage modality with relatively few long-term toxicities. We provide potential predictors of biochemical control for prostate salvage HDRB.

  6. Saving Planetary Systems: Dead Zones & Planetary Migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soko Matsumura; Ralph E. Pudritz; Edward W. Thommes

    2007-01-16

    The tidal interaction between a disk and a planet leads to the planet's migration. A long-standing question regarding this mechanism is how to stop the migration before planets plunge into their central stars. In this paper, we propose a new, simple mechanism to significantly slow down planet migration, and test the possibility by using a hybrid numerical integrator to simulate the disk-planet interaction. The key component of the scenario is the role of low viscosity regions in protostellar disks known as dead zones, which affect planetary migration in two ways. First of all, it allows a smaller-mass planet to open a gap, and hence switch the faster type I migration to the slower type II migration. Secondly, a low viscosity slows down type II migration itself, because type II migration is directly proportional to the viscosity. We present numerical simulations of planetary migration by using a hybrid symplectic integrator-gas dynamics code. Assuming that the disk viscosity parameter inside the dead zone is (alpha=1e-4-1e-5), we find that, when a low-mass planet (e.g. 1-10 Earth masses) migrates from outside the dead zone, its migration is stopped due to the mass accumulation inside the dead zone. When a low-mass planet migrates from inside the dead zone, it opens a gap and slows down its migration. A massive planet like Jupiter, on the other hand, opens a gap and slows down inside the dead zone, independent of its initial orbital radius. The final orbital radius of a Jupiter mass planet depends on the dead zone's viscosity. For the range of alpha's noted above, this can vary anywhere from 7 AU, to an orbital radius of 0.1 AU that is characteristic of the hot Jupiters.

  7. Dead-time Corrected Disdrometer Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Bartholomew, Mary Jane

    Original and dead-time corrected disdrometer results for observations made at SGP and TWP. The correction is based on the technique discussed in Sheppard and Joe, 1994. In addition, these files contain calculated radar reflectivity factor, mean Doppler velocity and attenuation for every measurement for both the original and dead-time corrected data at the following wavelengths: 0.316, 0.856, 3.2, 5, and 10cm (W,K,X,C,S bands). Pavlos Kollias provided the code to do these calculations.

  8. Dead-time Corrected Disdrometer Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Bartholomew, Mary Jane

    2008-03-05

    Original and dead-time corrected disdrometer results for observations made at SGP and TWP. The correction is based on the technique discussed in Sheppard and Joe, 1994. In addition, these files contain calculated radar reflectivity factor, mean Doppler velocity and attenuation for every measurement for both the original and dead-time corrected data at the following wavelengths: 0.316, 0.856, 3.2, 5, and 10cm (W,K,X,C,S bands). Pavlos Kollias provided the code to do these calculations.

  9. Y-12 old salvage yard scrap metal characterization study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, L.M.; Melton, S.G.; Shaw, S.S.

    1993-11-01

    The purpose of the Y-12 Old Salvage Yard scrap metal Characterization Study is to make conservative estimates of the quantities of total uranium and the wt % {sup 235}U contained in scrap metal. The original project scope included estimates of thorium, but due to the insignificant quantities found in the yards, thorium was excluded from further analysis. Metal in three of the four Y-12 scrap metal yards were characterized. The scrap metal yard east of the PIDAS fence is managed by the Environmental Restoration Program and therefore was not included in this study. For all Y-12 Plant scrap metal shipments, Waste Transportation, Storage, and Disposal (WTSD) personnel must complete a Request for Authorization to Ship Nuclear Materials, UCN-16409, which requires the grams of total uranium, the wt % {sup 235}U, and the grams of {sup 235}U contained in the shipment. This information is necessary to ensure compliance with Department of Transportation regulations, as well as to ensure that the receiving facility is adhering to its operating license. This characterization study was designed to provide a technical basis for determining these necessary radioactive quantities.

  10. Salvage Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases: Prognostic Factors to Consider in Patient Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, Goldie; Zadeh, Gelareh; Gingras-Hill, Geneviève; Millar, Barbara-Ann; Laperriere, Normand J.; Bernstein, Mark; Jiang, Haiyan; Ménard, Cynthia; Chung, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is offered to patients for recurrent brain metastases after prior brain radiation therapy (RT), but few studies have evaluated the efficacy of salvage SRS or factors to consider in selecting patients for this treatment. This study reports overall survival (OS), intracranial progression-free survival (PFS), and local control (LC) after salvage SRS, and factors associated with outcomes. Methods and Materials: This is a retrospective review of patients treated from 2009 to 2011 with salvage SRS after prior brain RT for brain metastases. Survival from salvage SRS and from initial brain metastases diagnosis (IBMD) was calculated. Univariate and multivariable (MVA) analyses included age, performance status, recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class, extracranial disease control, and time from initial RT to salvage SRS. Results: There were 106 patients included in the analysis with a median age of 56.9 years (range 32.5-82 years). A median of 2 metastases were treated per patient (range, 1-12) with a median dose of 21 Gy (range, 12-24) prescribed to the 50% isodose. With a median follow-up of 10.5 months (range, 0.1-68.2), LC was 82.8%, 60.1%, and 46.8% at 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years, respectively. Median PFS was 6.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.9-7.6). Median OS was 11.7 months (95% CI = 8.1-13) from salvage SRS, and 22.1 months from IBMD (95% CI = 18.4-26.8). On MVA, age (P=.01; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.04; 95% CI = 1.01-1.07), extracranial disease control (P=.004; HR = 0.46; 95% CI = 0.27-0.78), and interval from initial RT to salvage SRS of at least 265 days (P=.001; HR = 2.46; 95% CI = 1.47-4.09) were predictive of OS. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that patients can have durable local control and survival after salvage SRS for recurrent brain metastases. In particular, younger patients with controlled extracranial disease and a durable response to initial brain RT are likely to benefit from salvage SRS.

  11. The Effect of Mountain Pine Beetle Attack and Salvage Harvesting On Streamflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    The Effect of Mountain Pine Beetle Attack and Salvage Harvesting On Streamflows Special ....................................................................................................................4 FRPA requirements for Water Management in MPB-attacked watersheds ..........5 The Baker Creek. These disturbances have potential effects on water yield (the total amount of water flowing out of a watershed

  12. Dead Horse Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGrid Project)AreaDayDead Horse Geothermal

  13. EA-1177: Salvage/Demolition of 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area Steam Plants, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to salvage and demolish the 200 West Area, 200 East Area, and 300 Area steam plants and their associated steam distribution piping...

  14. Dead Wood: From Forester's Bane to Environmental Boon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dead Wood: From Forester's Bane to Environmental Boon1 Jack Ward Thomas2 Abstract Forest managers is the first rule of intelligent tinkering." Dead wood, standing and down, is one of those "cogs and wheels wood in managed forests. Much of this new information will be discussed at this conference. What

  15. Root Modeling: Estimating Storage, Live, and Dead Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Root Modeling: Estimating Storage, Live, and Dead Pool Turnover Times; Storage Inputs to New Root to choose best-fit parameters · "Storage" simulations with in-growth cores · Live and dead pool simulations Atmosphere East Atmosphere; 1 SD East tree rings f(Average respiration and soil gas) Modeled GSD = 1.3 Range

  16. Dead-time compensation for a logarithmic display rate meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Larson, J.A.; Krueger, F.P.

    1987-10-05

    An improved circuit is provided for application to a radiation survey meter that uses a detector that is subject to dead time. The circuit compensates for dead time over a wide range of count rates by producing a dead-time pulse for each detected event, a live-time pulse that spans the interval between dead-time pulses, and circuits that average the value of these pulses over time. The logarithm of each of these values is obtained and the logarithms are subtracted to provide a signal that is proportional to a count rate that is corrected for the effects of dead time. The circuit produces a meter indication and is also capable of producing an audible indication of detected events. 5 figs.

  17. Review: Dead Pool: Lake Powell, Global Warming, and the Future of Water in the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, David

    2009-01-01

    Review: Dead Pool: Lake Powell, Global Warming, and theJames Lawrence. Dead Pool: Lake Powell, Global Warming, andFortunately, too, Dead Pool is not simply about Glen Canyon

  18. Trails and Dead Bodies: Directly Characterizing Extrasolar Planets...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trails and Dead Bodies: Directly Characterizing Extrasolar Planets with Adaptive Optics October 2, 2015 11:00AM to 12:00PM Presenter Mark Ammons, Lawrence Livermore National...

  19. Detecting and Understanding Dynamically Dead Instructions for Contemporary Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantz, Marianne

    2013-08-31

    Instructions executed by the processor are dynamically dead if the values they produce are not used by the program. Executing such useless instructions can potentially slow-down program execution and waste power. The goal ...

  20. Physician Beliefs and Practices for Adjuvant and Salvage Radiation Therapy After Prostatectomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showalter, Timothy N.; Ohri, Nitin; Teti, Kristopher G.; Foley, Kathleen A.; Keith, Scott W.; Trabulsi, Edouard J.; Lallas, Costas D.; Dicker, Adam P.; Hoffman-Censits, Jean; Pizzi, Laura T.; Gomella, Leonard G.

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: Despite results of randomized trials that support adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer with adverse pathologic features (APF), many clinicians favor selective use of salvage RT. This survey was conducted to evaluate the beliefs and practices of radiation oncologists (RO) and urologists (U) regarding RT after RP. Methods and Materials: We designed a Web-based survey of post-RP RT beliefs and policies. Survey invitations were e-mailed to a list of 926 RO and 591 U. APF were defined as extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, or positive surgical margin. Differences between U and RO in adjuvant RT recommendations were evaluated by comparative statistics. Multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate factors predictive of adjuvant RT recommendation. Results: Analyzable surveys were completed by 218 RO and 92 U (overallresponse rate, 20%). Adjuvant RT was recommended based on APF by 68% of respondents (78% RO, 44% U, p <0.001). U were less likely than RO to agree that adjuvant RT improves survival and/or biochemical control (p < 0.0001). PSA thresholds for salvage RT were higher among U than RO (p < 0.001). Predicted rates of erectile dysfunction due to RT were higher among U than RO (p <0.001). On multivariate analysis, respondent specialty was the only predictor of adjuvant RT recommendations. Conclusions: U are less likely than RO to recommend adjuvant RT. Future research efforts should focus on defining the toxicities of post-RP RT and on identifying the subgroups of patients who will benefit from adjuvant vs. selective salvage RT.

  1. Use of airborne laser scanning to characterise land degradation processes the Dead Sea as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco, Shmuel "Shmulik"

    . Keywords: Airborne laser scanning, Geomorphology, Dead Sea, Land degradation, Channel incision, Sinkholes

  2. Identification and characterization of a pyridoxal reductase involved in the vitamin B6 salvage pathway in Arabidopsis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daub, Margaret

    Identification and characterization of a pyridoxal reductase involved in the vitamin B6 salvage Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Vitamin B6 (pyridoxal phosphate) is an essen- tial between the six vitamin B6 vitamers. A putative pyridoxal reductase (PLR1) was identified in Arabidopsis

  3. MAGNETIZED ACCRETION AND DEAD ZONES IN PROTOSTELLAR DISKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dzyurkevich, Natalia; Henning, Thomas; Turner, Neal J.; Kley, Wilhelm

    2013-03-10

    The edges of magnetically dead zones in protostellar disks have been proposed as locations where density bumps may arise, trapping planetesimals and helping form planets. Magneto-rotational turbulence in magnetically active zones provides both accretion of gas on the star and transport of mass to the dead zone. We investigate the location of the magnetically active regions in a protostellar disk around a solar-type star, varying the disk temperature, surface density profile, and dust-to-gas ratio. We also consider stellar masses between 0.4 and 2 M{sub Sun }, with corresponding adjustments in the disk mass and temperature. The dead zone's size and shape are found using the Elsasser number criterion with conductivities including the contributions from ions, electrons, and charged fractal dust aggregates. The charged species' abundances are found using the approach proposed by Okuzumi. The dead zone is in most cases defined by the ambipolar diffusion. In our maps, the dead zone takes a variety of shapes, including a fish tail pointing away from the star and islands located on and off the midplane. The corresponding accretion rates vary with radius, indicating locations where the surface density will increase over time, and others where it will decrease. We show that density bumps do not readily grow near the dead zone's outer edge, independently of the disk parameters and the dust properties. Instead, the accretion rate peaks at the radius where the gas-phase metals freeze out. This could lead to clearing a valley in the surface density, and to a trap for pebbles located just outside the metal freezeout line.

  4. Upfront Androgen Deprivation Therapy With Salvage Radiation May Improve Biochemical Outcomes in Prostate Cancer Patients With Post-Prostatectomy Rising PSA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jang, Joanne W.; Hwang, Wei-Ting; Guzzo, Thomas J.; Wein, Alan J.; Haas, Naomi B.; Both, Stefan; Vapiwala, Neha

    2012-08-01

    Purpose: The addition of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to definitive external beam radiation therapy (RT) improves outcomes in higher-risk prostate cancer patients. However, the benefit of ADT with salvage RT in post-prostatectomy patients is not clearly established. Our study compares biochemical outcomes in post-prostatectomy patients who received salvage RT with or without concurrent ADT. Methods and Materials: Of nearly 2,000 post-prostatectomy patients, we reviewed the medical records of 191 patients who received salvage RT at University of Pennsylvania between 1987 and 2007. Follow-up data were obtained by chart review and electronic polling of the institutional laboratory database and Social Security Death Index. Biochemical failure after salvage RT was defined as a prostate-specific antigen of 2.0 ng/mL above the post-RT nadir or the initiation of ADT after completion of salvage RT. Results: One hundred twenty-nine patients received salvage RT alone, and 62 patients received combined ADT and salvage RT. Median follow-up was 5.4 years. Patients who received combined ADT and salvage RT were younger, had higher pathologic Gleason scores, and higher rates of seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node involvement, and pelvic nodal irradiation compared with patients who received salvage RT alone. Patients who received combined therapy had improved biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) compared with patients who received RT alone (p = 0.048). For patients with pathologic Gleason scores {<=}7, combined RT and ADT resulted in significantly improved bPFS compared to RT alone (p = 0.013). Conclusions: These results suggest that initiating ADT during salvage RT in the post-prostatectomy setting may improve bPFS compared with salvage RT alone. However, prospective randomized data are necessary to definitively determine whether hormonal manipulation should be used with salvage RT. Furthermore, the optimal nature and duration of ADT and the patient subgroups in which ADT could provide the most benefit remain open questions.

  5. Path Profile Guided Partial Dead Code Elimination Using Predication \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajiv

    executed paths by reduc­ ing their critical path lengths. The paper presents a cost­benefit data flow architectures since critical path lengths along frequently executed paths can be reduced through PDE [11, 6, 13 optimization moves in­ structions that are dead along critical paths off the critical paths [19, 22]. Modern

  6. FORMATION OF CIRCUMBINARY PLANETS IN A DEAD ZONE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Rebecca G.; Armitage, Philip J. [JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, UCB 440, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Alexander, Richard D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)

    2013-08-10

    Circumbinary planets have been observed at orbital radii where binary perturbations may have significant effects on the gas disk structure, on planetesimal velocity dispersion, and on the coupling between turbulence and planetesimals. Here, we note that the impact of all of these effects on planet formation is qualitatively altered if the circumbinary disk structure is layered, with a non-turbulent midplane layer (dead zone) and strongly turbulent surface layers. For close binaries, we find that the dead zone typically extends from a radius close to the inner disk edge up to a radius of around 10-20 AU from the center of mass of the binary. The peak in the surface density occurs within the dead zone, far from the inner disk edge, close to the snow line, and may act as a trap for aerodynamically coupled solids. We suggest that circumbinary planet formation may be easier near this preferential location than for disks around single stars. However, dead zones around wide binaries are less likely, and hence planet formation may be more difficult there.

  7. Dead Zones in LX-17 and PBX 9502

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souers, P C; Andreski, H G; Batteux, J; Bratton, B; Cabacungan, C; Cook, III, C F; Fletcher, S; Garza, R; Grimsley, D; Handly, J; Hernandez, A; McMaster, P; Molitoris, J D; Palmer, R; Prindiville, J; Rodriguez, J; Schneberk, D; Wong, B; Vitello, P

    2005-09-06

    Pin and X-ray corner-turning data have been taken on ambient LX-17 and PBX 9052, and the results are listed in tables as an aid to future modeling. The results have been modeled at 4 zones/mm with a reactive flow approach that varies the burn rate as a function of pressure. A single rate format is used to simulate failure and detonation in different pressure regimes. A pressure cut-off must also be reached to initiate the burn. Corner-turning and failure are modeled using an intermediate pressure rate region, and detonation occurs at high pressure. The TATB booster is also modeled using reactive flow, and X-ray tomography is used to partition the ram-pressed hemisphere into five different density regions. The model reasonably fits the bare corner-turning experiment but predicts a smaller dead zone with steel confinement, in contradiction with experiment. The same model also calculates the confined and unconfined cylinder detonation velocities and predicts the failure of the unconfined cylinder at 3.75 mm radius. The PBX 9502 shows a smaller dead zone than LX-17. An old experiment that showed a large apparent dead zone in Comp B was repeated with X-ray transmission and no dead zone was seen. This confirms the idea that a variable burn rate is the key to modeling. The model also produces initiation delays, which are shorter than those found in time-to-detonation.

  8. ORIGINAL PAPER Sinkhole characterization in the Dead Sea area using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco, Shmuel "Shmulik"

    ORIGINAL PAPER Sinkhole characterization in the Dead Sea area using airborne laser scanning Sagi-level drop. One conspicuous expression of this deterioration is the formation of sinkholes fields that puncture the coastal plains. The evolution of sinkholes along nearly 70-km strip has brought to a halt

  9. How Long Has Grandpa Been Dead and Other Forensic Mysteries

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Baden, Michael [MD, New York Police, New York, New York, United States

    2009-09-01

    Was the baby born alive? Can a child's brain really be shaken hard enough to cause death? Was the body dead before going into the water? Does a lightening strike cause any unique changes in the body? Why are hair and maggots becoming so important to the forensic scientist? Let's talk.

  10. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests November .................................................ix Importance of Dead and Downed Wood....................................1 Dead Wood: From Forester's Bane to Environmental Boon...................3 Jack Ward Thomas Decaying Wood: An Overview of Its

  11. Modeling HSGPS Doppler Errors in Indoor Environments for Pedestrian Dead-Reckoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Modeling HSGPS Doppler Errors in Indoor Environments for Pedestrian Dead-Reckoning Zhe He, Mark The use of high sensitivity GPS (HSGPS) receivers integrated with dead-reckoning sensors for pedestrian navigation has been broadly investigated and applied in the past decade. Pedestrian dead-reckoning (PDR

  12. Toxic and deadly: Working to manage algae in Lake Granbury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    Working to manage algae in Lake Granbury Lake Granbury, located about 33 miles southwest of Fort Worth, is a recreation haven for water enthusiasts. In recent years, however, bacteria and golden algae have threatened the lake?s water quality.... Educating citizens about water quality issues affecting Lake Granbury and determining ways to manage the deadly algae are the focus of two Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI) projects. Lake Granbury, a critical water supply in North Central Texas...

  13. Toxic and deadly: Working to manage algae in Lake Granbury 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    Working to manage algae in Lake Granbury Lake Granbury, located about 33 miles southwest of Fort Worth, is a recreation haven for water enthusiasts. In recent years, however, bacteria and golden algae have threatened the lake?s water quality.... Educating citizens about water quality issues affecting Lake Granbury and determining ways to manage the deadly algae are the focus of two Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI) projects. Lake Granbury, a critical water supply in North Central Texas...

  14. Adjuvant and Salvage Radiation Therapy After Prostatectomy: American Society for Radiation Oncology/American Urological Association Guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valicenti, Richard K., E-mail: Richard.valicenti@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Davis, California (United States); Thompson, Ian [Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas (United States); Albertsen, Peter [Division of Urology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut (United States); Davis, Brian J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota (United States); Goldenberg, S. Larry [Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Wolf, J. Stuart [Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sartor, Oliver [Department of Medicine and Urology, Tulane Medical School, New Orleans, Louisiana (United States); Klein, Eric [Glickman Urological Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio (United States); Hahn, Carol [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Michalski, Jeff [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Roach, Mack [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Faraday, Martha M. [Four Oaks, Inc (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this guideline was to provide a clinical framework for the use of radiation therapy after radical prostatectomy as adjuvant or salvage therapy. Methods and Materials: A systematic literature review using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane database was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications relevant to the use of radiation therapy after prostatectomy. The review yielded 294 articles; these publications were used to create the evidence-based guideline statements. Additional guidance is provided as Clinical Principles when insufficient evidence existed. Results: Guideline statements are provided for patient counseling, use of radiation therapy in the adjuvant and salvage contexts, defining biochemical recurrence, and conducting a restaging evaluation. Conclusions: Physicians should offer adjuvant radiation therapy to patients with adverse pathologic findings at prostatectomy (ie, seminal vesicle invastion, positive surgical margins, extraprostatic extension) and salvage radiation therapy to patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or local recurrence after prostatectomy in whom there is no evidence of distant metastatic disease. The offer of radiation therapy should be made in the context of a thoughtful discussion of possible short- and long-term side effects of radiation therapy as well as the potential benefits of preventing recurrence. The decision to administer radiation therapy should be made by the patient and the multidisciplinary treatment team with full consideration of the patient's history, values, preferences, quality of life, and functional status. The American Society for Radiation Oncology and American Urological Association websites show this guideline in its entirety, including the full literature review.

  15. Salvage/Adjuvant Brachytherapy After Ophthalmic Artery Chemosurgery for Intraocular Retinoblastoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, Jasmine H.; Barker, Christopher A.; Wolden, Suzanne L.; McCormick, Beryl; Segal, Kira; Cohen, Gil; Gobin, Y. Pierre; Marr, Brian P.; Brodie, Scott E.; Dunkel, Ira J.; Abramson, David H.

    2013-11-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of brachytherapy after ophthalmic artery chemosurgery (OAC) for retinoblastoma. Methods and Materials: This was a single-arm, retrospective study of 15 eyes in 15 patients treated with OAC followed by brachytherapy at (blinded institution) between May 1, 2006, and December 31, 2012, with a median 19 months' follow-up from plaque insertion. Outcome measurements included patient and ocular survival, visual function, and retinal toxicity measured by electroretinogram (ERG). Results: Brachytherapy was used as adjuvant treatment in 2 eyes and as salvage therapy in 13 eyes of which 12 had localized vitreous seeding. No patients developed metastasis or died of retinoblastoma. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of ocular survival was 79.4% (95% confidence interval 48.7%-92.8%) at 18 months. Three eyes were enucleated, and an additional 6 eyes developed out-of-target volume recurrences, which were controlled with additional treatments. Patients with an ocular complication had a mean interval between last OAC and plaque of 2.5 months (SD 2.3 months), which was statistically less (P=.045) than patients without ocular complication who had a mean interval between last OAC and plaque of 6.5 months (SD 4.4 months). ERG responses from pre- versus postplaque were unchanged or improved in more than half the eyes. Conclusions: Brachytherapy following OAC is effective, even in the presence of vitreous seeding; the majority of eyes maintained stable or improved retinal function following treatment, as assessed by ERG.

  16. Deadly Carcinogen Unraveled: The Molecular Origami of Fungal Polyketide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOENERSC Overview * Na#onalDeadly Carcinogen

  17. Dead Horse Wells Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi: Energy Resources Jump to:DeSoto,Dead Horse

  18. Excerpt from Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives on the American Colonization of the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Jennifer M.

    2011-01-01

    Dead Stars: American and Philippine Literary Perspectives onthe American Colonization of the Philippines (Quezon City:University of the Philippines Press, 2011). Published with

  19. THE ROLE OF DEAD WOOD IN MAINTAINING ARTHROPOD DIVERSITY ON THE FOREST FLOOR.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanula, James L.; Horn, Scott; Wade, Dale D.

    2006-08-01

    Abstract—Dead wood is a major component of forests and contributes to overall diversity, primarily by supporting insects that feed directly on or in it. Further, a variety of organisms benefit by feeding on those insects. What is not well known is how or whether dead wood influences the composition of the arthropod community that is not solely dependent on it as a food resource, or whether woody debris influences prey available to generalist predators. One group likely to be affected by dead wood is ground-dwelling arthropods. We studied the effect of adding large dead wood to unburned and frequently burned pine stands to determine if dead wood was used more when the litter and understory plant community are removed. We also studied the effect of annual removal of dead wood from large (10-ha) plots over a 5-year period on ground-dwelling arthropods. In related studies, we examined the relationships among an endangered woodpecker that forages for prey on live trees, its prey, and dead wood in the forest. The results of these and other studies show that dead wood can influence the abundance and diversity of the ground-dwelling arthropod community and of prey available to generalist predators not foraging directly on dead trees.

  20. Quantity and Fate of Water Salvage as a Result of Saltcedar Control on the Pecos River in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheng, Z.; McDonald, A.K.; Hart, C.; Hatler, W.; Villalobos, J.

    2007-01-01

    of saltcedar control be conducted. For future studies using the paired plot method, it is recommended that both sites be logged for at least 3 years prior to treatment. To reduce the potential for upriver treatment affect on downriver study areas... by saltcedar at night, and that there is no significant water use prior to April or after September. In order to estimate potential water salvage from control of saltcedar, the study site was set up following the EPA (1993) Paired Plot Study Design...

  1. Metagenome of a Versatile Chemolithoautotroph from Expanding Oceanic Dead Zones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, David A.; Zaikova, Elena; Howes, Charles L.; Song, Young; Wright, Jody; Tringe, Susannah G.; Tortell, Philippe D.; Hallam, Steven J.

    2009-07-15

    Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), also known as oceanic"dead zones", are widespread oceanographic features currently expanding due to global warming and coastal eutrophication. Although inhospitable to metazoan life, OMZs support a thriving but cryptic microbiota whose combined metabolic activity is intimately connected to nutrient and trace gas cycling within the global ocean. Here we report time-resolved metagenomic analyses of a ubiquitous and abundant but uncultivated OMZ microbe (SUP05) closely related to chemoautotrophic gill symbionts of deep-sea clams and mussels. The SUP05 metagenome harbors a versatile repertoire of genes mediating autotrophic carbon assimilation, sulfur-oxidation and nitrate respiration responsive to a wide range of water column redox states. Thus, SUP05 plays integral roles in shaping nutrient and energy flow within oxygen-deficient oceanic waters via carbon sequestration, sulfide detoxification and biological nitrogen loss with important implications for marine productivity and atmospheric greenhouse control.

  2. Stochastic Shortest Path MDPs with Dead Ends Andrey Kolobov Mausam Daniel S. Weld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mausam

    Stochastic Shortest Path MDPs with Dead Ends Andrey Kolobov Mausam Daniel S. Weld {akolobov, mausam, weld}@cs.washington.edu Dept of Computer Science and Engineering University of Washington Seattle, USA algorithms that are aware of the possible presence of dead-end states (Kolobov, Mausam, and Weld 2010

  3. Optimization of purge cycle for dead-ended anode fuel cell Jixin Chen a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    Optimization of purge cycle for dead-ended anode fuel cell operation Jixin Chen a, *, Jason B 9 March 2013 Keywords: Dead-ended anode Fuel cell optimization Hydrogen loss Carbon corrosion, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA b Fuel Cell Stack Research, Research

  4. Salt dissolution and sinkhole formation along the Dead Sea shore Eyal Shalev,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    Salt dissolution and sinkhole formation along the Dead Sea shore Eyal Shalev,1 Vladimir Lyakhovsky cavities formed by salt dissolution. This dissolution is related to the recession of the Dead Sea by freshwater. Our finite element modeling shows that dissolution of this salt layer is a plausible mechanism

  5. Salt diapirs in the Dead Sea basin and their relationship to Quaternary extensional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Salt diapirs in the Dead Sea basin and their relationship to Quaternary extensional tectonics extension of a brittle overburden and underlying salt causes differential loading that is thought example of a large salt diapir in the Dead Sea pull-apart basin, the Lisan diapir, which we believe

  6. Home Science One fish, two fish, dumb fish, dead fish DAILY SECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernald, Russell

    Home Science One fish, two fish, dumb fish, dead fish Home DAILY SECTIONS News Sports Opinion Arts America! Study Spanish & Volunteer ONE FISH, TWO FISH, DUMB FISH, DEAD FISH | Print | E- mail Written scientists say fish are capable of deducing how they stack up against the competition by simply watching

  7. Experimental Investigation of Degradation in PEMFC with Dead-Ended Anode Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    Experimental Investigation of Degradation in PEMFC with Dead-Ended Anode Operation Toyoaki Matsuura Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) systems. A Dead-Ended Anode (DEA) system has lower cost operation. In this study, the degradation phenomena of the PEMFC operated with DEA at the mid current range

  8. Characterization of the Impact of Indoor Doppler Errors on Pedestrian Dead Reckoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Characterization of the Impact of Indoor Doppler Errors on Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Valérie, University of Calgary 2500 University Drive NW Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4 Abstract--Indoor pedestrian on a Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) navigation filter is investigated. Doppler errors are simulated using

  9. LLaannggeerrhhaannss LLaabb PPrroottooccoollss Handling of Dead Fish at Yates Mill Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    LLaannggeerrhhaannss LLaabb PPrroottooccoollss Handling of Dead Fish at Yates Mill Facility If a study fish is found dead, preserve it and return it to the lab for DRILL recording. If you are going to DCL shortly after finding the fish: 1. Put it in a plastic bag and bring it to DCL. 2. Put

  10. Seismic behaviour of the Dead Sea fault along Araba valley, Y. Klinger,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    rue Lafayette, F-75480 Paris cedex 10, France 4 Department of Geology, University of Jordan, Amman-lateral strike-slip fault. South of the Dead Sea basin, the Wadi Araba fault extends over 160 km to the Gulf the fault except around the Dead Sea and Gulf of Aqaba, where the fault splays into complex pull-apart basin

  11. Design of a step-down DC-DC controller integrated circuit with adaptive dead-time control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhipeng, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    A constant-frequency peak current mode synchronous step-down DC-DC controller integrated circuit has been designed with adaptive dead-time control. The adaptive dead-time control circuitry is implemented as digital ...

  12. Salvage Treatment for Recurrent Intracranial Germinoma After Reduced-Volume Radiotherapy: A Single-Institution Experience and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Yu-Wen [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Huang, Pin-I [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Wong, Tai-Tong [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Ho, Donald Ming-Tak [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Pathology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, Kai-Ping [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Guo, Wan-Yuo; Chang, Feng-Chi [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Shiau, Cheng-Yin [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Cancer Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Liang, Muh-Lii; Lee, Yi-Yen [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); and others

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: Intracranial germinomas (IGs) are highly curable with radiotherapy (RT). However, recurrence still occurs, especially when limited-field RT is applied, and the optimal salvage therapy remains controversial. Methods and Materials: Between January 1989 and December 2010, 14 patients with clinically or pathologically diagnosed recurrent IGs after RT were reviewed at our institution. Of these, 11 received focal-field RT, and the other 3 received whole-brain irradiation, whole-ventricle irradiation, and Gamma Knife radiosurgery as the respective first course of RT. In addition, we identified from the literature 88 patients with recurrent IGs after reduced-volume RT, in whom the details of salvage therapy were recorded. Results: The median time to recurrence was 30.3 months (range, 3.8-134.9 months). One patient did not receive further treatment and was lost during follow-up. Of the patients, 7 underwent salvage with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) plus chemotherapy (CT), 4 with CSI alone, 1 with whole-brain irradiation plus CT, and 1 with Gamma Knife radiosurgery. The median follow-up time was 105.1 months (range, 24.2-180.9 months). Three patients died without evidence of disease progression: two from second malignancies and one from unknown cause. The others remained disease free. The 3-year survival rate after recurrence was 83.3%. A total of 102 patients from our study and the literature review were analyzed to determine the factors affecting prognosis and outcomes. After recurrence, the 5-year survival rates were 71% and 92.9% for all patients and for those receiving salvage CSI, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that initial RT volume, initial RT dose, initial CT, and salvage RT type were significant prognostic predictors of survival. On multivariable analysis, salvage CSI was the most significant factor (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Protracted follow-up is recommended because late recurrence is not uncommon. CSI with or without CT is an effective salvage treatment for recurrence after reduced-volume RT.

  13. A grateful dead analysis: the relationship between concert and listening behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Marko A; Gintautas, Vadas; Pepe, Alberto

    2008-01-01

    The Grateful Dead was an American band born out of the 1960s San Francisco, California psychedelic movement, that played music together from 1965 to 1995. Despite relatively little popular radio airtime, while on tour the Grateful Dead enjoyed a cult-like following from a fan base that numbered in the millions. Still today, some ten years after dissolution, the band remains popular according to online music services, such as last.fm. This article presents a comparative analysis between 1,590 of the Grateful Dead's live concert set lists from 1972 to 1995 and 2,616,990 Grateful Dead listening events by last.fm users from August 2005 to October 2007. While there is a strong correlation between how songs were played in concert and how they were listened to by last.fm members, the outlying songs in this trend identify interesting aspects of the band and their present-day fans.

  14. Nitrogen Front Evolution in Purged Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell with Dead-Ended Anode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    Nitrogen Front Evolution in Purged Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell with Dead-Ended Anode plugging of the channels, and flooding of the gas diffusion layer. The observation of each phenomenon

  15. Mineral Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model: Description and 1990s dust climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, David

    Mineral Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model: Description and 1990s dust climatology to 1999 is simulated with our mineral aerosol entrainment and deposition module embedded in a chemical transport model. Mobilization processes include entrainment thresholds for saltation, moisture inhibition

  16. Role of Salvage Radiation Therapy for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma Who Failed Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goda, Jayant S.; Massey, Christine; Kuruvilla, John; Gospodarowicz, Mary K.; Wells, Woodrow; Hodgson, David C.; Sun, Alexander; Keating, Armand; Crump, Michael; Tsang, Richard W.

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: To analyze, through chart review, the efficacy of salvage radiation therapy (sRT) for relapsed or progressive Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients who failed autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Patients and Methods: Among 347 patients with recurrent/refractory HL who received ASCT from 1986-2006, 163 had post-ASCT progression or relapse. Of these, 56 received sRT and form the basis of this report. Median age at sRT was 30 years (range, 17-59 years). Disease was confined to lymph nodes in 27 patients, whereas 24 had both nodal and extranodal disease. Salvage radiation therapy alone was given in 34 patients (61%), and sRT plus chemotherapy was given in 22 (39%). Median interval from ASCT to sRT was 0.8 years (range, 0.1-5.6 years). The median dose was 35 Gy (range, 8-40.3 Gy). The sRT technique was extended-field in 14 patients (25%) and involved-field in 42 (75%). Results: The median follow-up from sRT was 31.3 months (range, 0.2-205.5 months). Overall response rate was 84% (complete response: 36%; partial response: 48%). The median overall survival was 40.8 months (95% confidence interval, 34.2-56.3 months). The 5-year overall survival was 29% (95% confidence interval, 14%-44%). The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 16%; the 2-year local PFS was 65%, whereas the 2-year systemic PFS was 17%. The 1-year PFS was higher in patients in whom all diseased sites were irradiated (49%) compared with those in whom only the symptomatic site was treated (22%, P=.07). Among 20 alive patients, 5 were disease free (at 6.4, 6.8, 7.4, 7.9, and 17.1 years). Conclusion: For patients with HL who fail ASCT, a selective use of RT provides a durable local control rate of 65% at 2 years and should be considered as part of the standard management plan for the palliation of incurable HL. Occasionally irradiation of truly localized disease can lead to long-term survival.

  17. Health assessment for Northwest Transformer, Salvage Yard, Everson, Whatcom County, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD980833974. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-14

    The Northwest Transformer Salvage Yard is a National Priorities List (NPL) Site located in Whatcom County, Washington, approximately two miles south of the town of Everson, Washington. Between 1958-1985, the site served as a storage and refurbishing area for electrical transformers, capacitors, and other electrical equipment. An Immediate Removal Action was performed at the site in 1985, and included the excavation and removal of on-site contaminated soils, liquids, and electrical equipment. Subsequent sampling and analysis of on-site and off-site soils and groundwater revealed polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and chlorinated dibenzofurans. Identified pathways for the migration of site-associated contaminants include those associated with groundwater, surface water, soil, and bioaccumulation. Potential pathways for human exposure to site contaminants include ingestion of contaminated groundwater, soils, or foodchain entities, inhalation of fugitive dusts, and dermal contact with contaminated groundwater, surface water, soil, or wood from an on-site building. Under current conditions the site poses a potential threat to human health in the event of unauthorized site entry, or the ingestion of contaminated groundwater.

  18. Quantitative Changes in Hydrocarbons over Time in Fecal Pellets of Incisitermes minor May Predict Whether Colonies Are Alive or Dead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Vernard R.; Nelson, Lori J.; Haverty, Michael I.; Baldwin, James A.

    2010-01-01

    to a new TCU. All wood debris, pellets, dead termites, andinhabiting the wood, we postulated that these pellets couldtermites from the wood. When fecal pellets appear after

  19. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 535 Regional Patterns of Dead Wood in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 535 Regional Patterns of Dead Wood regional patterns of variation in dead wood across 20 million ha of upland forests of all ownerships in Oregon and Washington, based on an analysis of data on snags and down wood collected on over 16,000 field

  20. Effects of Nitrogen and Water Accumulation in the Dead-Ended-Anode Operation of PEM Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA Dead-ended-anode operation of PEMFC can achieve high hydrogen and simulations of a PEMFC operating with a dead-ended anode. The model is qualitatively validated with pressure, temperature, flow and liquid water accumulation measurements using neutron imaging of a 53 cm2 PEMFC1

  1. Energy Savings via Dead Sub-Block Prediction Marco A. Z. Alves Khubaib Eiman Ebrahimi Veynu T. Narasiman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patt, Yale

    Energy Savings via Dead Sub-Block Prediction Marco A. Z. Alves Khubaib Eiman Ebrahimi Veynu T of Rio Grande do Sul - Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering becoming dead (i.e., never accessed again). This results in considerable energy waste since 1) data

  2. Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky, and energy balances of the Dead Sea, Water Resour. Res., 41, W12418, doi:10.1029/2005WR004084. 1 is less than that from a freshwater surface because the dissolved salts lower the free energy of the water

  3. Islamists claim deadly attack on UN building in Nigeria 26 August 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islamists claim deadly attack on UN building in Nigeria 26 August 2011 Boko Haram says/AFP/Getty Images A car loaded with explosives crashed into the main United Nations' building in Nigeria's capital for the bombing, a major escalation of its sectarian fight against Nigeria's weak central government. The brazen

  4. Anorexia nervosa is the least com-mon but most deadly of the three.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    Anorexia nervosa is the least com- mon but most deadly of the three. People with this disorder. The three most widely recog- nized are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder. National anorexia nervosa and bulimia ner- vosa, is not officially recognized as a psychiatric disorder. But the Har

  5. Dead-time optimized time-correlated photon counting instrument with synchronized, independent timing channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enderlein, Jörg

    Dead-time optimized time-correlated photon counting instrument with synchronized, independent timing channels Michael Wahla and Hans-Jürgen Rahn PicoQuant GmbH, Rudower Chaussee 29, D-12489 Berlin December 2006; accepted 19 February 2007; published online 23 March 2007 Time-correlated single photon

  6. SQL is Dead; Long Live SQL: Lightweight Query Services for Ad Hoc Research Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    SQL is Dead; Long Live SQL: Lightweight Query Services for Ad Hoc Research Data Bill Howe billhowe with ad hoc scientific Q&A. Further: · We reject the conventional wisdom that "scientists won't write SQL a production-quality database server. · We observe that simply sharing examples of SQL queries allows

  7. Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

    Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis Saurin Biomicrofluidics 6, 034101 (2012) Fabrication of paper-based microfluidic device using printed circuit technology AIP Advances 2, 022171 (2012) Microfluidic three-dimensional hydrodynamic flow focusing for the rapid

  8. Electrical power free, low dead volume, pressure-driven pumping for microfluidic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    Electrical power free, low dead volume, pressure-driven pumping for microfluidic applications Mario not require electrical power and is cost effective $100 . To demonstrate the capabilities of the pump, we used-osmotic pumping and syringe a Currently with the Mechanical Engineering Department, Assiut University, Egypt. b

  9. Ecological consequences of dead wood extraction in an arid Diego P. Vzquez,a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vazquez, Diego

    -nesting bees Introduction Extraction activities such as mining, fisheries, logging and harvesting are amongEcological consequences of dead wood extraction in an arid ecosystem1 Diego P. Vázquez,a,b * Juan A development, storing nutrients and water, providing a major source of energy and nutrients, serving

  10. Dead layer on silicon p-i-n diode charged-particle detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, B. L.; Amsbaugh, John F.; Beglarian, A.; Bergmann, T.; Bichsel, H. C.; Bodine, L. I.; Boyd, N. M.; Burritt, Tom H.; Chaoui, Z.; Corona, T. J.; Doe, Peter J.; Enomoto, S.; Harms, F.; Harper, Gregory; Howe, M. A.; Martin, E. L.; Parno, D. S.; Peterson, David; Petzold, Linda; Renschler, R.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Schwarz, J.; Steidl, M.; Van Wechel, T. D.; VanDevender, Brent A.; Wustling, S.; Wierman, K. J.; Wilkerson, J. F.

    2014-04-21

    Abstract Semiconductor detectors in general have a dead layer at their surfaces that is either a result of natural or induced passivation, or is formed during the process of making a contact. Charged particles passing through this region produce ionization that is incompletely collected and recorded, which leads to departures from the ideal in both energy deposition and resolution. The silicon p-i-n diode used in the KATRIN neutrinomass experiment has such a dead layer. We have constructed a detailed Monte Carlo model for the passage of electrons from vacuum into a silicon detector, and compared the measured energy spectra to the predicted ones for a range of energies from 12 to 20 keV. The comparison provides experimental evidence that a substantial fraction of the ionization produced in the "dead" layer evidently escapes by discussion, with 46% being collected in the depletion zone and the balance being neutralized at the contact or by bulk recombination. The most elementary model of a thinner dead layer from which no charge is collected is strongly disfavored.

  11. If physics is dead, or at least in decline, then the methodology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    THESIS If physics is dead, or at least in decline, then the methodology of physics is, by contrast, thriving. It would seem unlikely that any part of science, including physics, could ever come to something mechanics continue to elicit new surprises each year. Even so, talk of the `end of physics' was precisely

  12. Simulating Dead Wood in the Coast Range of Oregon Rebecca S.H. Kennedy1,2 and Keith A. Olsen3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating Dead Wood in the Coast Range of Oregon Rebecca S.H. Kennedy1,2 and Keith A. Olsen3 1-Growth; for descriptions see Ohmann and Gregory 2002) for the range of current dead wood amounts and potential management-group selection during model runs by matching total dead wood volume and snag volume criteria for each level we

  13. Fresh Direct: A Rotten Deal By Tom Angotti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    and NY Post facilities. Nearby are a Con Edison plant, the city's largest waste water treatment plant, a sludge processing facility, and the city's wholesale produce market. These are all big generators

  14. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 533 (2004) 612 Erratum to ``Dead time and pileup in pulsed parametric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    2004-01-01

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 533 (2004) 612 Erratum Erratum to ``Dead time DanonÃ, Bryndol Sones, Robert Block Department of Mechanical Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering

  15. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 593 Dead Branches and Other Wildlife

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resources on California Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii)1 Barrett A. Garrison,2 Robin L. Wachs,3 Terry A. Giles: mtriggs@fs.fed.us) #12;Dead Branches in Living California Black Oak--Garrison, Wachs, Giles, and Triggs

  16. SURVEY REPORT FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF THE FIVE TANKS LOCATED NEAR THE OLD SALVAGE YARD AT THE Y-12 NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLEX, OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rollow, Kathy

    2012-08-23

    This summary report presents analytical results, radiological survey data, and other data/information for disposition planning of the five tanks located west of the Old Salvage Yard (OSY) at the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Field personnel from Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) and URS?CH2M Oak Ridge LLC completed data collection in May 2012 per the project-specific plan (PSP) (ORAU 2012). Deviations from the PSP are addressed in the body of this report. Characterization activities included three data collection modes: visual inspection, radiological survey, and volumetric sampling/analysis. This report includes the final validated dataset and updates associated with the Tank 2 residues originally thought to be a biological bloom (e.g., slime mold) but ultimately identified as iron sulfate crystals.

  17. Health assessment for Northwest Transformer Salvage Yard National Priorities List (NPL) Site, Whatcom County, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD027315621. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-14

    The Northwest Transformer Salvage Yard is a National Priorities List site located in Whatcom County, Washington, approximately two miles south of the town of Everson, Washington. Between 1958-1985, the site served as a storage and refurbishing area for electrical transformers, capacitors, and other electrical equipment. Subsequent sampling and analysis of on-site and off-site soils and groundwater revealed polychlorinated biphenyls, chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and chlorinated dibenzofurans. Potential pathways for human exposure to site contaminants include ingestion of fugitive dusts, and dermal contact with contaminated ground water, surface water, soil, or wood from an on-site building. Under current conditions the site poses a potential threat to human health in the event of unauthorized site entry, or the ingestion of contaminated ground water.

  18. 2-M Probe At Dead Horse Wells Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie, Texas:V.S.A.EnergyInformation Dead Horse

  19. Early Salvage Hormonal Therapy for Biochemical Failure Improved Survival in Prostate Cancer Patients After Neoadjuvant Hormonal Therapy Plus Radiation Therapy-A Secondary Analysis of Irish Clinical Oncology Research Group 97-01

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mydin, Aminudin R., E-mail: aminudinrahman@googlemail.com [Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Dunne, Mary T.; Finn, Marie A. [Clinical Trials Resource Unit, St. Luke's Hospital, Dublin (Ireland)] [Clinical Trials Resource Unit, St. Luke's Hospital, Dublin (Ireland); Armstrong, John G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's Hospital, Dublin (Ireland)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's Hospital, Dublin (Ireland)

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the survival benefit of early vs late salvage hormonal therapy (HT), we performed a secondary analysis on patients who developed recurrence from Irish Clinical Oncology Research Group 97-01, a randomized trial comparing 4 vs 8 months neoadjuvant HT plus radiation therapy (RT) in intermediate- and high-risk prostate adenocarcinoma. Methods and Materials: A total of 102 patients from the trial who recurred were analyzed at a median follow-up of 8.5 years. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the timing of salvage HT: 57 patients had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) {<=}10 ng/mL and absent distant metastases (group 1, early), 21 patients had PSA >10 ng/mL and absent distant metastases (group 2, late), and 24 patients had distant metastases (group 3, late). The endpoint analyzed was overall survival (OS) calculated from 2 different time points: date of enrolment in the trial (OS1) and date of initiation of salvage HT (OS2). Survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves and a Cox regression model. Results: The OS1 differed significantly between groups (P<.0005): OS1 at 10 years was 78% in group 1, 42% in group 2, and 29% in group 3. The OS2 also differed significantly between groups (P<.0005): OS2 at 6 years was 70% in group 1, 47% in group 2, and 22% in group 3. Group 1 had the longest median time from end of RT to biochemical failure compared with groups 2 and 3 (3.3, 0.9, and 1.7 years, respectively; P<.0005). Group 1 also had the longest median PSA doubling time compared with groups 2 and 3 (9.9, 3.6, and 2.4 months, respectively; P<.0005). On multivariate analysis, timing of salvage HT, time from end of RT to biochemical failure, and PSA nadir on salvage HT were significant predictors of survival. Conclusion: Early salvage HT based on PSA {<=}10 ng/mL and absent distant metastases improved survival in patients with prostate cancer after failure of initial treatment with neoadjuvant HT plus RT.

  20. Lower crustal ow and the role of shear in basin subsidence: an example from the Dead Sea basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Lower crustal £ow and the role of shear in basin subsidence: an example from the Dead Sea basin, MA 02543, USA Abstract We interpret large-scale subsidence (5^6 km depth) with little attendant that lower crustal flow would occur within the time frame of basin subsidence if the viscosity is 9 7U1019 ^1

  1. Geometry and subsidence history of the Dead Sea basin: A case for fluid-induced mid-crustal shear zone?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Geometry and subsidence history of the Dead Sea basin: A case for fluid-induced mid-crustal shear use seismic tomography, 2-D ray tracing, gravity modeling, and subsidence analysis to study crustal crust below $18 km and the Moho are not affected by basin development. The subsidence rate was several

  2. Mechanical modeling and InSAR measurements of Mount Sedom uplift, Dead Sea basin: Implications for effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    Mechanical modeling and InSAR measurements of Mount Sedom uplift, Dead Sea basin: Implications of predicted profiles: topography, uplift rate, and shear strain. The present topography of Mount Sedom stage and at the Plio-Pleistocene pre-emergent stage of the Sedom diapir, respectively. The uplift

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2004 693 Effect of Stochastic Dead Space on Noise in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2004 693 Effect of Stochastic Dead Space on Noise in Avalanche Photodiodes Oh-Hyun Kwon, Majeed M. Hayat, Senior Member, IEEE, Joe C. Campbell, Fellow, IEEE, Bahaa E. A. Saleh, Fellow, IEEE, and Malvin Carl Teich, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A stochastic

  4. Seismic imaging of deep low-velocity zone beneath the Dead Sea basin and transform fault: Implications for strain localization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    consisted of two wide-angle seismic reflection and refraction profiles: a 280-km-long profile along vertical 4.5 Hz geophone, buried, and placed at intervals of 0.65­0.75 km along the profile. The data wereSeismic imaging of deep low-velocity zone beneath the Dead Sea basin and transform fault

  5. Gamma Knife Stereotactic Radiosurgery as Salvage Therapy After Failure of Whole-Brain Radiotherapy in Patients With Small-Cell Lung Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Sunit; Chan, Michael D.; Lovato, James F.; Ellis, Thomas L.; Tatter, Stephen B.; Bourland, J. Daniel; Munley, Michael T.; Guzman, Allan F. de; Shaw, Edward G.; Urbanic, James J.; McMullen, Kevin P.

    2012-05-01

    Purpose: Radiosurgery has been successfully used in selected cases to avoid repeat whole-brain irradiation (WBI) in patients with multiple brain metastases of most solid tumor histological findings. Few data are available for the use of radiosurgery for small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Methods and Materials: Between November 1999 and June 2009, 51 patients with SCLC and previous WBI and new brain metastases were treated with GammaKnife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKSRS). A median dose of 18 Gy (range, 10-24 Gy) was prescribed to the margin of each metastasis. Patients were followed with serial imaging. Patient electronic records were reviewed to determine disease-related factors and clinical outcomes after GKSRS. Local and distant brain failure rates, overall survival, and likelihood of neurologic death were determined based on imaging results. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to determine survival and local and distant brain control. Cox proportional hazard regression was performed to determine strength of association between disease-related factors and survival. Results: Median survival time for the entire cohort was 5.9 months. Local control rates at 1 and 2 years were 57% and 34%, respectively. Distant brain failure rates at 1 and 2 years were 58% and 75%, respectively. Fifty-three percent of patients ultimately died of neurologic death. On multivariate analysis, patients with stable (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.89) or progressive (HR = 6.98) extracranial disease (ECD) had worse overall survival than patients without evidence of ECD (p = 0.00002). Concurrent chemotherapy improved local control (HR = 89; p = 0.006). Conclusions: GKSRS represents a feasible salvage option in patients with SCLC and brain metastases for whom previous WBI has failed. The status of patients' ECD is a dominant factor predictive of overall survival. Local control may be inferior to that seen with other cancer histological results, although the use of concurrent chemotherapy may help to improve this.

  6. SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Results for Custom Reaction Intensity and Total Dead Fuels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Lloyd A. [Leading Solutions, LLC.; Paresol, Bernard [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

    2014-09-01

    This report of the geostatistical analysis results of the fire fuels response variables, custom reaction intensity and total dead fuels is but a part of an SRS 2010 vegetation inventory project. For detailed description of project, theory and background including sample design, methods, and results please refer to USDA Forest Service Savannah River Site internal report “SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Report”, (Edwards & Parresol 2013).

  7. DEAD, UNDEAD, AND ZOMBIE ZONES IN PROTOSTELLAR DISKS AS A FUNCTION OF STELLAR MASS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohanty, Subhanjoy; Ercolano, Barbara; Turner, Neal J. E-mail: ercolano@usm.lmu.de

    2013-02-10

    We investigate the viability of the magnetorotational instability (MRI) in X-ray ionized viscous accretion disks around both solar-type stars and very low mass stars. In particular, we determine the disk regions where the MRI can be shut off either by Ohmic resistivity (the so-called dead and undead zones) or by ambipolar diffusion (a region we term the zombie zone). We consider two stellar masses: M {sub *} = 0.7 M {sub Sun} and 0.1 M {sub Sun }. In each case, we assume that: the disk surface density profile is that of a scaled Minimum Mass Solar Nebula, with M {sub disk}/M {sub *} = 0.01 as suggested by current data; disk ionization is driven primarily by stellar X-rays, complemented by cosmic rays and radionuclides; and the stellar X-ray luminosity scales with bolometric luminosity as L{sub X} /L {sub *} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup -3.5}, as observed. Ionization rates are calculated with the MOCCASIN Monte Carlo X-ray transport code, and ionization balance determined using a simplified chemical network, including well-mixed 0.1 {mu}m grains at various levels of depletion. We find that (1) ambipolar diffusion is the primary factor controlling MRI activity in disks around both solar-type and very low mass classical T Tauri stars. Assuming that the MRI yields the maximum possible field strength at each radius, we further find that: (2) the MRI-active layer constitutes only {approx}5%-10% of the total disk mass; (3) the accretion rate ( M-dot ) varies radially in both magnitude and sign (inward or outward), implying time-variable accretion as well as the creation of disk gaps and overdensities, with consequences for planet formation and migration; (4) achieving the empirical accretion rates in solar-type and very low mass stars requires a depletion of well-mixed small grains (via grain growth and/or settling) by a factor of 10-1000 relative to the standard dust-to-gas mass ratio of 10{sup -2}; and (5) the current non-detection of polarized emission from field-aligned grains in the outer disk regions is consistent with active MRI at those radii.

  8. "Dead zones" in the world's oceans are at the top of the list of emerging environmental challenges (UNEP 2004). The nearly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuschin, Martin

    ) are caused by oxygen deficiency in bottom-water lay- ers. Waters with oxygen concentration below 2.0 mL L­1344 "Dead zones" in the world's oceans are at the top of the list of emerging environmental). It combines many of the characteristics known to promote such events, such as relatively shallow waters, soft

  9. The requirement of the DEAD-box protein DDX24 for the packaging of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Jing; Rong Liwei; Zhou Yongdong; Roy, Bibhuti Bushan; Lu, Jennifer; Abrahamyan, Levon; Mouland, Andrew J.; Pan Qinghua; Chen Liang, E-mail: chen.liang@mcgill.ca

    2008-05-25

    RNA helicases play important roles in RNA metabolism. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) does not carry its own RNA helicase, the virus thus needs to exploit cellular RNA helicases to promote the replication of its RNA at various steps such as transcription, folding and transport. In this study, we report that knockdown of a DEAD-box protein named DDX24 inhibits the packaging of HIV-1 RNA and thus diminishes viral infectivity. The decreased viral RNA packaging as a result of DDX24-knockdown is observed only in the context of the Rev/RRE (Rev response element)-dependent but not the CTE (constitutive transport element)-mediated nuclear export of viral RNA, which is explained by the specific interaction of DDX24 with the Rev protein. We propose that DDX24 acts at the early phase of HIV-1 RNA metabolism prior to nuclear export and the consequence of this action extends to the viral RNA packaging stage during virus assembly.

  10. Structural and Functional Analysis of the Interaction Between the Nucleoporin Nup214 and the DEAD-box Helicase Ddx19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napetschnig, J.; Kassube, S; Debler, E; Wong, R; Blobel, G; Hoelz, A

    2009-01-01

    Key steps in the export of mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm are the transport through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) and the subsequent remodeling of messenger RNA-protein (mRNP) complexes that occurs at the cytoplasmic side of the NPC. Crucial for these events is the recruitment of the DEAD-box helicase Ddx19 to the cytoplasmic filaments of the NPC that is mediated by the nucleoporin Nup214. Here, we present the crystal structure of the Nup214 N-terminal domain in complex with Ddx19 in its ADP-bound state at 2.5 {angstrom} resolution. Strikingly, the interaction surfaces are not only evolutionarily conserved but also exhibit strongly opposing surface potentials, with the helicase surface being positively and the Nup214 surface being negatively charged. We speculate that the positively charged surface of the interacting ADP-helicase binds competitively to a segment of mRNA of a linearized mRNP, passing through the NPC on its way to the cytoplasm. As a result, the ADP-helicase would dissociate from Nup214 and replace a single bound protein from the mRNA. One cycle of protein replacement would be accompanied, cooperatively, by nucleotide exchange, ATP hydrolysis, release of the ADP-helicase from mRNA and its rebinding to Nup214. Repeat of these cycles would remove proteins from a mRNP, one at a time, akin to a ratchet mechanism for mRNA export.

  11. Exchange bias induced by the fully strained La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}MnO{sub 3} dead layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Q. Y. [National Lab of Solid State Microstructures, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanijng 210093 (China); College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Wu, X. S., E-mail: xswu@nju.edu.cn [National Lab of Solid State Microstructures, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanijng 210093 (China); Gao, J. [Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); Jia, Q. J. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)

    2014-05-07

    A pure compressively strained La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}MnO{sub 3} (LCMO) dead layer grown on (001)-oriented LaAlO{sub 3} substrate can show all the rich phenomenon of large bias field shift, coercive field enhancement, and high blocking temperature. The obtained exchange bias field (?350?Oe) and the enhanced coercivity of about 1160?Oe at 5?K under 500?Oe cooling field are superior to that have been reported in LCMO-based ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic superlattices or nanoscale systems. Our results clearly demonstrate that the inhomogeneous magnetic dead layer of LCMO can induce a strong exchange bias effect, which may be exploited as a very simple structure for spin-valve device application.

  12. Incentives and nutrition for rotten kids: intrahousehold food allocation in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Pierre; Ligon, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01

    rural poor: a study of Philippine farm households. Boulder:food allocation in the Philippines Pierre Dubois and EthanFOOD ALLOCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES PIERRE DUBOIS AND ETHAN

  13. Positional cloning and characterization of the Rotten Ear (Rte) gene in Zea mays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabi, Ma Zara Emilia Marañon

    2011-01-01

    with EcoRI and SalI, with Cold Fusion technology (System+2x35S cut with XhoI using Cold Fusion technology (SystemXhoI and XbaI cut sites using Cold Fusion technology (System

  14. Incentives & Nutrition For Rotten Kids: The Quantity & Quality Of Food Allocated Within Philippine Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Pierre; Ligon, Ethan

    2012-01-01

    rural poor: a study of Philippine farm households. Boulder:and food allocation in the Philippines. Unpublished Manu-planning in the rural Philippines. Journal of Southeast

  15. Are Light Gluinos Dead?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar

    1997-07-25

    Not yet. ALEPH's recent exclusion limit employs an aggressive determination of theoretical uncertainties using a simplified application of the Bayesian method. The validity of their analysis can be evaluated by its further implications, such as contradicting the existence a b quark and requiring relations between hadronic event-shape observables which are not observed. Traditional error estimation methods result in a much larger estimate for the theoretical uncertainties. This puts the ALEPH and also Csikor-Fodor limits at the $\\sim 1~ \\sigma$ level for the very light gluino scenario. A recent astrophysical result implies direct searches will be more difficult than previously anticipated, adding to the importance of reducing the QCD uncertainty in predictions sensitive to indirect effects of light gluinos. Some possible indications in favor of a light gluino are noted.

  16. Suitability of salvaged timber in structural design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, James Brandon

    2012-01-01

    Increased demand for timber construction in the United States has placed a strain on the American timber reserve. At the same time, the annual demolition of thousands of buildings and wood structures results in thousands ...

  17. In Brief . .. Stingray Records, Clam Salvage,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the heaviest of the species taken by any legal means (archery, spear, gig, handline, trotline, etc.) other than

  18. University of Minnesota Extension is an equal opportunity educator and employer. For Americans with Disabilities Act accommodations, please call 800-876-8636. Updated February 2009. Emerald ash borer, a small green insect deadly to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aukema, Brian

    with Disabilities Act accommodations, please call 800-876-8636. Updated February 2009. Emerald ash borer, a small green insect deadly to ash trees, has made its way to Minnesota. This is not good news, but it. CHALLENGE Since 2002, emerald ash borer has killed tens of millions of ash trees in neighboring states

  19. Mobile UPI | About UPI | UPI en Espaol | UPI Arabic | UPIU | My Account Search: Articles Type in your Search Term Go Defense Department Hamas-Fatah Royal Wedding Deadly storms Ullman: missions impossible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    in your Search Term Go Defense Department · Hamas-Fatah · Royal Wedding · Deadly storms · Ullman: missionsMobile UPI | About UPI | UPI en Español | UPI Arabic | UPIU | My Account Search: Articles Type 2010: Year in Review or see all Science News stories Join the conversation Enter comment here leave

  20. Crystal structure, mutational analysis and RNA-dependent ATPase activity of the yeast DEAD-box pre-mRNA splicing factor Prp28

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacewicz, Agata; Schwer, Beate; Smith, Paul; Shuman, Stewart

    2014-10-10

    Yeast Prp28 is a DEAD-box pre-mRNA splicing factor implicated in displacing U1 snRNP from the 5' splice site. Here we report that the 588-aa Prp28 protein consists of a trypsin-sensitive 126-aa N-terminal segment (of which aa 1–89 are dispensable for Prp28 function in vivo) fused to a trypsin-resistant C-terminal catalytic domain. Purified recombinant Prp28 and Prp28-(127–588) have an intrinsic RNA-dependent ATPase activity, albeit with a low turnover number. The crystal structure of Prp28-(127–588) comprises two RecA-like domains splayed widely apart. AMPPNP•Mg2+ is engaged by the proximal domain, with proper and specific contacts from Phe194 and Gln201 (Q motif) to the adenine nucleobase. The triphosphate moiety of AMPPNP•Mg2+ is not poised for catalysis in the open domain conformation. Guided by the Prp28•AMPPNP structure, and that of the Drosophila Vasa•AMPPNP•Mg2+•RNA complex, we targeted 20 positions in Prp28 for alanine scanning. ATP-site components Asp341 and Glu342 (motif II) and Arg527 and Arg530 (motif VI) and RNA-site constituent Arg476 (motif Va) are essential for Prp28 activity in vivo. Synthetic lethality of double-alanine mutations highlighted functionally redundant contacts in the ATP-binding (Phe194-Gln201, Gln201-Asp502) and RNA-binding (Arg264-Arg320) sites. As a result, overexpression of defective ATP-site mutants, but not defective RNA-site mutants, elicited severe dominant-negative growth defects.

  1. Crystal structure, mutational analysis and RNA-dependent ATPase activity of the yeast DEAD-box pre-mRNA splicing factor Prp28

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jacewicz, Agata; Schwer, Beate; Smith, Paul; Shuman, Stewart

    2014-10-10

    Yeast Prp28 is a DEAD-box pre-mRNA splicing factor implicated in displacing U1 snRNP from the 5' splice site. Here we report that the 588-aa Prp28 protein consists of a trypsin-sensitive 126-aa N-terminal segment (of which aa 1–89 are dispensable for Prp28 function in vivo) fused to a trypsin-resistant C-terminal catalytic domain. Purified recombinant Prp28 and Prp28-(127–588) have an intrinsic RNA-dependent ATPase activity, albeit with a low turnover number. The crystal structure of Prp28-(127–588) comprises two RecA-like domains splayed widely apart. AMPPNP•Mg2+ is engaged by the proximal domain, with proper and specific contacts from Phe194 and Gln201 (Q motif) to themore »adenine nucleobase. The triphosphate moiety of AMPPNP•Mg2+ is not poised for catalysis in the open domain conformation. Guided by the Prp28•AMPPNP structure, and that of the Drosophila Vasa•AMPPNP•Mg2+•RNA complex, we targeted 20 positions in Prp28 for alanine scanning. ATP-site components Asp341 and Glu342 (motif II) and Arg527 and Arg530 (motif VI) and RNA-site constituent Arg476 (motif Va) are essential for Prp28 activity in vivo. Synthetic lethality of double-alanine mutations highlighted functionally redundant contacts in the ATP-binding (Phe194-Gln201, Gln201-Asp502) and RNA-binding (Arg264-Arg320) sites. As a result, overexpression of defective ATP-site mutants, but not defective RNA-site mutants, elicited severe dominant-negative growth defects.« less

  2. Salvaging Timber: Landowner Do's and Don'ts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $462 million. Private, non-industrial forest landowners hold some 65 percent of this forestland A forester will help you make management decisions regarding your timber, such as whether or not to harvest receive the most attention. Do not waste recovery efforts on pulpwood logs. DO ­ Make a sale attractive Do

  3. Salvaging Timber: What should I do with my damaged timber? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Eric; Foster, C. Darwin

    2005-10-31

    preparation costs. Wind-damaged trees may not qualify as sawtimber because of the internal damage they suf- fered. Estimating in Damage Landowners should get help from professional foresters to determine the value of damaged tim- ber. However, if you... representative may be able to obtain this information for you. Determine the value of tim- ber lost as Timber value = acreage x timber value per acre Determining timber value per acre requires a tim- ber inventory. Wind storms tend to blow down trees...

  4. Do oil markets work; is OPEC dead

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gately, D. (New York Univ., NY (USA). Dept. of Economics)

    1989-01-01

    In this paper the authors review what has happened in world oil markets since the 1970s and examine the prospects for OPEC and world oil prices. The paper summarizes the data for the last two decades: by fuel, by product, and by region. It focuses on OPEC and its members, examining the differences in behavior between its members and non-OPEC producers. The authors find that OPEC is clearly still relevant, if no longer very powerful. Its members have collectively reduced output dramatically, in an unsuccessful attempt to defend the price increases. They examine the important institutional changes of the last two decades, in comparison with the industry's stability for much of the century. They suggest an interpretation of OPEC's current situation. The paper summarizes the outlook for OPEC and the world oil market over the next two decades.

  5. Myanmar's deadly daffodil Peter J. Webster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    of 65 ms­1 (135 mph), similar in intensity to Hurricane Katrina when it struck the US Gulf Coast of the Irrawaddy river under water (Fig. 1b,c), which had devastating consequences: over 130,000 lives were lost low -- ideal conditions for the intensification of a hurricane. Nevertheless, Myanmar and other

  6. Dead paradigms and killer paradigms. (In Spanish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergio Montanez

    2009-08-17

    I study, by some specific examples, how the development of a scientific research project is strongly influenced by the theoretical framework at which research is done. Special attention is paid to the deep changes that the physical concept of vacuum has undergone through history. I also include a pedagogical explanation (suitable for non-specialist readers) of the central role played by this concept in present-day theoretical physics.

  7. Dead Men on a Street 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    as an unprecedented noble literary celebrity. Thus the hermeneutics of the poem has very often had a tendency to bind itself within the biographical understanding of the poet's socio-political practices. It is true that these studies are meaningful...

  8. Silence is Deadly 03 June 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    reserves of conventional oil and gas are enough to take atmospheric CO2 well above 400 ppm. However, if emissions from coal are phased out over the next few decades and if unconventional fossil fuels are left or if unconventional fossil fuels are exploited. A document describing the pipeline project is available at http

  9. Resolving Radiological Classification and Release Issues for Many DOE Solid Wastes and Salvageable Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochel, R.C.

    1999-06-14

    The cost effective radiological classification and disposal of solid materials with potential volume contamination, in accordance with applicable U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Orders, suffers from an inability to unambiguously distinguish among transuranic waste, low-level waste, and unconditional-release materials. Depending on the classification, disposal costs can vary by a hundred-fold. But in many cases, the issues can be easily resolved by a combination of process information, some simple measurements, and calculational predictions from a computer model for radiation shielding.The proper classification and disposal of many solid wastes requires a measurement regime that is able to show compliance with a variety of institutional and regulatory contamination limits. Although this is not possible for all solid wastes, there are many that do lend themselves to such measures. Several examples are discussed which demonstrate the possibilities, including one which was successfully applied to bulk contamination.The only barriers to such broader uses are the slow-to-change institutional perceptions and procedures. For many issues and materials, the measurement tools are available; they need only be applied.

  10. House Work: Domesticity, Belonging, and Salvage in the Art of Jess, 1955-1991

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Tara

    2013-01-01

    Hal Foster’s writings on Pop Art, including The First Pophead-scratching, inclusion in Pop Art exhibitions due to theart movements (“Comix-Pop-Think-Art” and the “Beat bicycle-

  11. Accurate Localization in Combination with Planet Observation and Dead Reckoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuroda, Yoji

    coordinates system at center of the earth Z-axis: north celestial pole X-axis: vernal equinox direction Y-axis: vernal equinox direction Y-axis: right-hand system of x-z Origin: the moon We can calculate the position

  12. Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead and Obscured by Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banks, Elizabeth

    2010-04-27

    SR Front 4 14 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 33 Area SR Front 5 17 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 30 Area SR Front 6 21 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 25 Area SR Front 7 15 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 32 Area SR Front 8 18 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 29 Area SR Front 9 22 19° S4 R 03 BEAM 24 Area SR Front 11 35 19... 19° S4 R 67 SR Prosc. Boom 4 SR Cool Wash 76 19° S4 R 67 SR Prosc. Boom 2 SR Cool Wash 77 19° S4 R 67 Boom 1 9 SR Cool Wash 78 19° S4 R 67 Boom 1 7 SR Cool Wash 79 19° S4 R 67 Boom 1 5 SR Cool Wash 81 19° S4 R 17 Lft Box 1 1 SL Warm Wash 82 19° S4 R...

  13. Methods for studying polyploid diversification and the dead end

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieseberg, Loren

    SSE; Maddison et al., 2007) estimates instantaneous `birth' (speciation) and `death' (extinction) rates per unit of diversification rates. The likelihood method that we used (`binary-state speciation and extinction', Bi for the amount of time spent in each state and for trait transitions. By analogy, the rate at which a jogger runs

  14. TCCP 49 - Inquests Upon Dead Bodies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model forTechnologies95Symerton,E C Center Inc aka

  15. ARM - PI Product - Dead-time Corrected Disdrometer Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska OutreachCalendar NSA RelatedInhibition (CIN) Product

  16. Reviving Algae from the (Almost) Dead - News Feature | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serial codesReversingproved reserves of

  17. CCP Art. 49 Inquests upon dead bodies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to:Energy Inc -6CCC Federal LicenseCCP

  18. Hydrogen Sulfide in Drinking Water: Causes and Treatment Alternatives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarland, Mark L.; Provin, Tony

    1999-06-15

    If drinking water has a nuisance "rotten egg odor, it contains hydrogen sulfide. This leaflet discusses how hydrogen sulfide is formed and how the problem can be corrected....

  19. Mineral Requirements of Sheep. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1918-01-01

    If drinking water has a nuisance "rotten egg odor, it contains hydrogen sulfide. This leaflet discusses how hydrogen sulfide is formed and how the problem can be corrected....

  20. 6/18/13 A History Lesson and a Call to Arms -The New York Times movies.nytimes.com/2008/09/12/movies/12secr.html?partner=Rotten Tomatoes&ei=5083&pagewanted=print 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galison, Peter L.

    6/18/13 A History Lesson and a Call to Arms - The New York Times movies.nytimes.com/2008 Village. Running time: 1 hour 20 minutes. This film is not rated. Copyright 2013 The New York Times

  1. On Some Meteorological Patterns in the Dead Sea Area during Advective Sharav Situations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pielke, Roger A.

    power (Weiner, 1980), moti- vated the model analysis presented here. Evaluation of evaporation rates of fine grid resolution over the lake area,which becomesexpensivewhen applied in a 3-D model. Verification systems associatedwith an advective sha'ravsituation (based on Levi, 1967). II Results The model

  2. Degradation phenomena in PEM fuel cell with dead-ended anode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    . Siegel, Anna G. Stefanopoulou Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward of Energy (DOE) target of 30 $/kW for automotive application by 2015 [1], cost reduction in both fuel cell cell systems for automotive applications employ a flow-through anode (FTA) mode which requires

  3. Where do "red and dead" early-type void galaxies come from?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darren J. Croton; Glennys R. Farrar

    2008-05-30

    Void regions of the Universe offer a special environment for studying cosmology and galaxy formation, which may expose weaknesses in our understanding of these phenomena. Although galaxies in voids are observed to be predominately gas rich, star forming and blue, a sub-population of bright red void galaxies can also be found, whose star formation was shut down long ago. Are the same processes that quench star formation in denser regions of the Universe also at work in voids? We compare the luminosity function of void galaxies in the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey, to those from a galaxy formation model built on the Millennium Simulation. We show that a global star formation suppression mechanism in the form of low luminosity "radio mode" AGN heating is sufficient to reproduce the observed population of void early-types. Radio mode heating is environment independent other than its dependence on dark matter halo mass, where, above a critical mass threshold of approximately M_vir~10^12.5 M_sun, gas cooling onto the galaxy is suppressed and star formation subsequently fades. In the Millennium Simulation, the void halo mass function is shifted with respect to denser environments, but still maintains a high mass tail above this critical threshold. In such void halos, radio mode heating remains efficient and red galaxies are found; collectively these galaxies match the observed space density without any modification to the model. Consequently, galaxies living in vastly different large-scale environments but hosted by halos of similar mass are predicted to have similar properties, consistent with observations.

  4. February 15, 1996 Spamming Spam: The DeadMeat Poets Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, John Y. N.

    Enormous pink mushroom cloud World covered in pork. ­­ Thomas C. Elliott. O.J.'s innocent Spam is made from

  5. The Dead Sea rift valley is a left-lateral transform, along which several rhomb-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gvirtzman, Haim

    period of time, thus, steady-state flow conditions may persist. Compaction-dri- ven and tectonically in sedimentary basins at the vicin- ity of salt diapirs (Hanor, 1987; Evans and Nunn, 1989). In principle, when

  6. Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of near-surface thermal outflow in this blind geothermal system. And at Columbus Salt Marsh, Nevada, additional 2m measurements better defined the shape of a blind, shallow...

  7. Energy-Efficient Gaming on Mobile Devices using Dead Reckoning-based Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hefeeda, Mohammed

    to communicate with other players. One example of a commercially available multiplayer game available as possible in low-power states. At a first glance, we may think that we can maximize energy savings. If wireless interface is in sleep-mode, it may not know when to wake up and will miss an incoming packet

  8. The thermal structure of Israel and the Dead Sea Fault Eyal Shalev a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    with shallower seis- micity (b10­12 km). The steep geothermal gradients yielded by xenoliths (>80 mW/m2 ) could, up to 900 m deep boreholes in southern Jordan to be 60.3 mW/m2 . Recently, Förster et al. (2010, based on lower crustal and litho- spheric mantle xenoliths, suggest even steeper geothermal gradients (e

  9. Is advective heat transport significant at the Dead Sea E. SHALEV, V. LYAKHOVSKY AND Y. YECHIELI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    at these hot springs is of the same order of magnitude as the measured conductive heat flux in deep boreholes, Israel. Email: eyal@gsi.gov.il Geofluids (2007) 7, 292­300 INTRODUCTION Geothermal gradient and pore within the basin. Figure 2 shows reliable bottom-hole tem- perature measurements from the boreholes

  10. In search of the dead zone: Use of otoliths for tracking fish exposure to hypoxia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Limburg, Karin E.; Walther, Benjamin D.; Lu, Zunli; Jackman, George; Mohan, John; Walther, Yvonne; Nissling, Anders; Weber, Peter K.; Schmitt, Axel K.

    2015-01-01

    Otolith chemistry is often useful for tracking provenance of fishes, as well as examining migration histories. Whereas elements such as strontium and barium correlate well with salinity and temperature, experiments that examine manganese uptake as a function of these parameters have found no such correlation. Instead, dissolved manganese is available as a redox product, and as such, is indicative of low-oxygen conditions. Here we present evidence for that mechanism in a range of habitats from marine to freshwater, across species, and also present ancillary proxies that support the mechanism as well. For example, iodine is redox-sensitive and varies inversely withmore »Mn; and sulfur stable isotope ratios provide evidence of anoxic sulfate reduction in some circumstances.« less

  11. Introduction Earthquakes and tsunamis are some of the most deadly natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    from sedimentology, tests of synchroneity, stratigraphic correlation, and analysis of non, in the region of the 26 December 2004 Mw 9.1-9.3 earthquake18,19,20,21 . Marine turbidite stratigraphy is first tests for synchronous triggering of sedimentologically isolated turbidite systems and 2) using secondary

  12. Kistimonas scapharcae sp. nov., isolated from a dead ark clam (Scapharca broughtonii), and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    001T , with which it shared 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Strain A36T grew optimally at 30 related to K. asteriae KMD 001T (98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The 16S rRNA gene sequences

  13. Stranded Fuel, Orphan Sites, Dead Plants: Transportation Planning Considerations After the BRC Report - 13393

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thrower, Alex W.

    2013-07-01

    The author explores transportation, packaging and storage questions related to a primary recommendation of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future; i.e., that fuel from shutdown plants be removed to consolidated storage as soon as possible to enable final decommissioning and beneficial re-use of those sites. The paper discusses the recommendations of the BRC, the implications and challenges that implementing those recommendations present, and provides recommended solutions for beginning the multi-year planning, coordination, material acquisition, and communications processes that will be needed to move fuel from shutdown plants when a destination site becomes available. Removal of used nuclear fuel from shutdown reactor sites (which are serving no other purpose other than storing SNF and GTCC, at considerable expense) was a central recommendation of the BRC, for a number of reasons. This recommendation was one of the most widely acclaimed that the Commission put forward. However, there are significant challenges (such as availability of fuel canister overpacks, lack of infrastructure, handling constraints and others) that will need to be addressed, apart from the critically important identification of a suitable and workable storage destination site. Resolving these logistical challenges will need to begin even before a destination site is identified, given the long lead-times required for planning and procurement. Based on information available today, it is possible to make informed predictions about what will be needed to modify existing contractual arrangements with utilities, address equipment and infrastructure needs, and begin working with states, tribes and local governments to start initial preparation needs. If DOE, working with industry and other experienced parties, can begin planning and acquisition activities in the near term, overall schedule risk can be reduced and potential cost avoidance achieved. The most immediate benefit will accrue to the operators of the shutdown plants, but beginning to accept fuel as required under the NWPA will reduce the liability to the federal government, and also offer some assurance to other utilities and the public that DOE (or another entity if one is established) is capable of meeting its obligations under the NWPA. The indirect benefits, therefore, will be quite broad. (authors)

  14. Better Dead than R(ap)ed?: The Patriarchal Rhetoric Driving Capital Rape Statutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2004-01-01

    the statute despite the United States Supreme Court holding in Coker v. Georgia that capital punishment was unconstitutional for rape. The supporters of the new statute have argued that Coker does not apply to the rape of children. As a result, the political...

  15. THE FATE OF PLANETESIMALS IN TURBULENT DISKS WITH DEAD ZONES. I. THE TURBULENT STIRRING RECIPE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okuzumi, Satoshi [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Ormel, Chris W., E-mail: okuzumi@geo.titech.ac.jp [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Turbulence in protoplanetary disks affects planet formation in many ways. While small dust particles are mainly affected by the aerodynamical coupling with turbulent gas velocity fields, planetesimals and larger bodies are more affected by gravitational interaction with gas density fluctuations. For the latter process, a number of numerical simulations have been performed in recent years, but a fully parameter-independent understanding has not been yet established. In this study, we present simple scaling relations for the planetesimal stirring rate in turbulence driven by magnetorotational instability (MRI), taking into account the stabilization of MRI due to ohmic resistivity. We begin with order-of-magnitude estimates of the turbulence-induced gravitational force acting on solid bodies and associated diffusion coefficients for their orbital elements. We then test the predicted scaling relations using the results of recent ohmic-resistive MHD simulations by Gressel et al. We find that these relations successfully explain the simulation results if we properly fix order-of-unity uncertainties within the estimates. We also update the saturation predictor for the density fluctuation amplitude in MRI-driven turbulence originally proposed by Okuzumi and Hirose. Combination of the scaling relations and saturation predictor allows us to know how the turbulent stirring rate of planetesimals depends on disk parameters such as the gas column density, distance from the central star, vertical resistivity distribution, and net vertical magnetic flux. In Paper II, we apply our recipe to planetesimal accretion to discuss its viability in turbulent disks.

  16. Intermittent optical frequency measurements to reduce the dead time uncertainty of frequency link

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hachisu, Hidekazu

    2015-01-01

    The absolute frequency of the $^{87}{\\rm Sr}$ lattice clock transition was evaluated with an uncertainty of $1.1\\times 10^{-15}$ using a frequency link to the international atomic time (TAI). The frequency uncertainty of a hydrogen maser used as a transfer oscillator was reduced by homogeneously distributed intermittent measurement over a five-day grid of TAI. Three sets of four or five days measurements as well as systematic uncertainty of the clock at $8.6\\times 10^{-17}$ have resulted in an absolute frequency of $^{87}{\\rm Sr}\\ {}^1S_0 - {}^3P_0$ clock transition to be 429 228 004 229 872.85 (47) Hz.

  17. Mars long has been considered a cold, dead planet.However,recent reports of methane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    investigations and flight missions. Terrestrial Methane Formation: Potential Analogues for Martian Processes Biogenic methane production results from extant biological activity (microbial metha- nogenesis) as well instance, methane is the meta- bolic by-product of a single related group of microorganisms known

  18. Anaerobic oxidation of methane by sulfate in hypersaline groundwater of the Dead Sea aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    in series of electron acceptors that provide decreasing free energy yields. The largest energy yield Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided

  19. Monitoring the Extent of the Dead Zone in the Gulf of Mexico with Gliders 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramey, Frances Elizabeth

    2014-09-24

    stratification gradients, strong coastal currents, and low oxygen conditions that occur within the lower water column. These environmental conditions combine with the presence of more than 5,000 surface piercing oil/gas structures to make piloting and navigation...

  20. Mourning 2.0: Continuing Bonds between the Living and the Dead on Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irwin, Melissa D.

    2012-05-31

    This study examines the burgeoning phenomenon of Facebook memorial pages and how this research about dynamic, online social networking environments can contribute to the existing literature related to Klass et al's (1996) continuing bonds thesis...

  1. Measurement of Liquid Water Accumulation in a PEMFC with Dead-Ended Anode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    , Maryland 20899, USA The operation and accumulation of liquid water within the cell structure of a polymer and cathode water flooding. The rate of accumulation of liquid water, and its impact on the rate of cell, polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells PEMFCs operate below the boil- ing point of water, causing excess

  2. The Female of the Species is More Deadly than the Male 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Meg

    1982-01-01

    took here eyes off tho delicate: HlrlnG for a moment and eyed him.ruefully. "It'd be a lot oasior if I could lift tho Hho18 suction (Jut, but those old Ac4ll models aren r t dos ignod to come a,part." He tried. to nod, found it impossibln. "Easters.... In my u~1iv(:rsc, Or climol1S:L0n, or whcrovcr,'l .').Iil the Captain of the Ento:cprise." uIn you:-c imaGination, maybo. In your H ishcs, I \\.iarosay. In realit.y,? never. 11 HHoY! aTC you Going to link with Urock?" She stood ,:tncl facod hiii1p...

  3. Dead Babies, Bowel Disturbances, and Other Combat Humor in Afghanistan and Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Marissa Torian

    2013-02-18

    are returning with more psychological burdens. Various attempts have been made to decrease the psychological burdens on these American soldiers. However, I believe a missing component of these attempts is a thorough understanding of the military as its own...

  4. DEGREE-SCALE GeV 'JETS' FROM ACTIVE AND DEAD TeV BLAZARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neronov, A.; Semikoz, D.; Kachelriess, M.; Ostapchenko, S.; Elyiv, A.

    2010-08-20

    We show that images of TeV blazars in the GeV energy band should contain, along with point-like sources, degree-scale jet-like extensions. These GeV extensions are the result of electromagnetic cascades initiated by TeV {gamma}-rays interacting with extragalactic background light and the deflection of the cascade electrons/positrons in extragalactic magnetic fields (EGMFs). Using Monte Carlo simulations, we study the spectral and timing properties of the degree-scale extensions in simulated GeV band images of TeV blazars. We show that the brightness profile of such degree-scale extensions can be used to infer the light curve of the primary TeV {gamma}-ray source over the past 10{sup 7} yr, i.e., over a time scale comparable to the lifetime of the parent active galactic nucleus. This implies that the degree-scale jet-like GeV emission could be detected not only near known active TeV blazars, but also from 'TeV blazar remnants', whose central engines were switched off up to 10 million years ago. Since the brightness profile of the GeV 'jets' depends on the strength and the structure of the EGMF, their observation provides additional information about the EGMF.

  5. Hydrological control of the dead carbon fraction in a Holocene tropical speleothem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    constraint. Quaternary Geochronology 1, 289e295. M.L.ths et al. / Quaternary Geochronology 14 (2012) 81e93 Hendy,Taylor, E. , 2006. U-Pb geochronology of speleothems by MC-

  6. In search of the dead zone: Use of otoliths for tracking fish exposure to hypoxia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Limburg, Karin E.; Walther, Benjamin D.; Lu, Zunli; Jackman, George; Mohan, John; Walther, Yvonne; Nissling, Anders; Weber, Peter K.; Schmitt, Axel K.

    2015-01-01

    Otolith chemistry is often useful for tracking provenance of fishes, as well as examining migration histories. Whereas elements such as strontium and barium correlate well with salinity and temperature, experiments that examine manganese uptake as a function of these parameters have found no such correlation. Instead, dissolved manganese is available as a redox product, and as such, is indicative of low-oxygen conditions. Here we present evidence for that mechanism in a range of habitats from marine to freshwater, across species, and also present ancillary proxies that support the mechanism as well. For example, iodine is redox-sensitive and varies inversely with Mn; and sulfur stable isotope ratios provide evidence of anoxic sulfate reduction in some circumstances.

  7. Washington Post editor David E. Hoffman talks about new book, The Dead Hand

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0Photos and Videos VideosDepartment of

  8. Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:Pontiac Biomass FacilityBluegrass RidgeBonneville

  9. Scientists Find Ocean 'Dead' Zones Teeming with Life | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D-NicholasReports andRobert N.ProgramsOffice of

  10. Salvage of blood urea nitrogen in sheep is highly dependent on plasma urea concentration and the efficiency of capture within the digestive tract1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bequette, Brian J.

    of urea N to the GIT. We used an i.v. urea infusion model in sheep to elevate the urea entry rate, DM basis) diet and assigned to 4 rates of i.v. urea infusion (0, 3.8, 7.5, or 11.3 g of urea N/d; 10 ([15 N2]urea infusion over 80 h), and plasma AA were determined. Urea infusion increased apparent total

  11. E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environment, Health, & Safety Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Switchgear Bldg. 37 Utilities Service 40 Electronics Development Lab 41 Magnetic Measurements Lab 42 Salvage

  12. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 03/8/2001 E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Switchgear Bldg. 37 Utilities Service 40 Electronics Development Lab 41 Magnetic Measurements Lab 42 Salvage

  13. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 06/12/2000 E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Switchgear Bldg. 37 Utilities Service 40 Electronics Development Lab 41 Magnetic Measurements Lab 42 Salvage

  14. T. HEnsgN: Reproduction in transient and stable habitats AvnrtasI-p Dare oN BRyopHyrE BIoLoGy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herben, Tomas

    platycurtic (i.e. with heavy tails) spatial distribution of spores, with an important proportion of spores specificsubstrates,such as rotten logs, tree trunks, leaves,arable land, animal excrements, dried pond bottoms

  15. Urbanism of disassembly : strategies for Alang's shipbreaking industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barve, Aditya S. (Aditya Shankar)

    2013-01-01

    Waste is an integral part of our contemporary civilization based on consumption and material culture. From an empty soda can to the spent nuclear fuel rod, we define waste as the matter without immediate use: rotten, broken, ...

  16. 2342 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 54, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 Design of a Wireless Assisted Pedestrian Dead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haenggi, Martin

    2342 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 54, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 Design lack of availability when used around obstruc- tions (terrain or man-made) or in the presence constraints (size, weight, power) due to its mobile and man-portable nature, accuracy and availability

  17. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 23 Dead Wood Dynamics in Stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract Large woody debris (LWD: > 10 cm diameter and > 1 m in length) in stream channels of forested the literature on the spatial and temporal variability of LWD abundance, distribution and age; the processes of LWD delivery and elimination; and the influence of LWD on material retention, habitat formation

  18. Flat Is Not Dead: Current and Future Performance of Si-MEMS Quad Mass Gyro (QMG) System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    /Honeywell MEMS gyroscope and the majority of MEMS gyroscopes in the consumer electronics and automotive the drift of Class I CVGs is to mount the MEMS IMU on a gimbaled platform, which reorients the sensors

  19. The "dead zone" is a large area of decreased dissolved oxygen concentration in bottom waters that forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodds, Walter

    that forms each summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico. This hypoxic zone (HZ) is formally defined as an area human activi- ties are loaded into the Gulf of Mexico via the Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers agricultural activities in the Mississippi River drainage basin and entering the Gulf of Mexico, was thought

  20. Quantitative Changes in Hydrocarbons over Time in Fecal Pellets of Incisitermes minor May Predict Whether Colonies Are Alive or Dead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Vernard R.; Nelson, Lori J.; Haverty, Michael I.; Baldwin, James A.

    2010-01-01

    J. K. 2009. What can fecal pellets tell us about crypticFood utilization and fecal pellet production by drywoodis the occurrence of fecal pellets, ejected through a “kick-

  1. Stress tensor and focal mechanisms along the Dead Sea fault and related structural elements based on seismological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    of the longest active strike­slip faults of the world. The DSF, about 1200 km long, connects the Taurus­Zagros

  2. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 923 Management of Dead Wood: Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the timber industry 1 An abbreviated version of this paper was presented at the Symposium on the Ecology lands, giving neither protection to the public domain nor to legitimate lumber industry, these laws industry at all, fraud is really a necessity. Besides these defects, the land system in relation to forests

  3. Supporting Information for Dead-end filling of SlipChip evaluated theoretically and experimentally as a function of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    ; followed by thorough ethanol rinsing and blow drying with nitrogen gas. The glass plate was oxidized Experimental Section: Fabrication of glass devices The procedure for fabrication of SlipChip from glass was based on previous work.1 The soda- lime glass slide with chromium and photoresist coating was aligned

  4. Make No Mistake: Medical Errors Can Be Deadly Serious The American Hospital Association lists these as some

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    dosing units, and inappropriate abbreviations · US Food and Drug Admnistration #12;2 example ....In by using Krypton- 86 radiation · 1983: distance traveled by light in vacuum in 1/299792458 s #12;4 What

  5. Quantitative Changes in Hydrocarbons over Time in Fecal Pellets of Incisitermes minor May Predict Whether Colonies Are Alive or Dead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Vernard R.; Nelson, Lori J.; Haverty, Michael I.; Baldwin, James A.

    2010-01-01

    termite species by the hydrocarbons in their feces. J. Chem.effects on the cuticular hydrocarbons of the host-specificG. J. 1990. Cuticular hydrocarbons of eight species of North

  6. Disposal John B. Carey and Fred D. Thornberry* Dead poultry on farms can cause nuisance, odor and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    be spread on hay fields or cropland where animals have no opportunity for direct contact with the compost of implementation. The disposal methods allowed under S.B.1910 include: composting, incineration, rendering value in minimizing mistakes and future problems. Composting, incineration and rendering are currently

  7. Network Statistics and Modeling the Global Trade Economy: Exponential Random Graph Models and Latent Space Models: Is Geography Dead?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howell, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Warwick, M. ( 2005). Geographies of Globalization. LondonIntegration: The End of Geography. 1992. Foreign RelationsInstitutions, Integration, and Geography: In Search of the

  8. www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    sulfide may make treatment desirable. Hydrogen sulfide gas in drinking water can originate from several1 www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences gas that gives water a distinctive sulfur or "rotten egg" smell and taste, which may be especially

  9. Young, L., Dodell-Feder, D., & Saxe, R. (2010). What gets the attention of the temporo-parietal junction? An fMRI investigation of attention and theory of mind.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxe, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    junction? An fMRI investigation of attention and theory of mind. Neuropsychologia, 48(9), 2658-2664. (1 - Christine thinks the milk has gone bad and curdled. 32 - Wayne thinks the toilet paper is triple-ply. 33 - Ken believes he can power his new house with solar energy. 34 - Eric believes that rotten peaches

  10. MODELING THE SPREAD OF EBOLA Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Liberia and Sierra Leone and Guinea to parameterize a mathematical model of Ebola. We model the course is disastrous but it can be well controlled. The three methods we developed tested across Liberia and Sierra or drug for Ebola so that we can optimize the eradication of Ebola. We use existing data from Liberia

  11. Benthic Function and Structure in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Zone: Sediment Biogeochemistry and Macrobenthic Community Dynamics in the Dead Zone 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnally, Clifton

    2012-07-16

    as net sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen, mostly ammonium, and silicate and a net sink of phosphate. Modeling simulations of benthic-pelagic coupling focused in the western study zones related field measurements of benthic nutrient regeneration...

  12. REGIONAL MODELING OF LIVE AND DEAD WOODY BIOMASS FOR THE EASTERN U.S. Robert A. Mickler, Todd S. Earnhardt, Jennifer A. Moore, David C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in atmospheric carbon dioxide, air temperature, and variability in precipitation will increase fire seasonal data, species-specific forest allometric biomass equations, and remotely sensed land cover. Live tree of the research described here is to utilize remotely sensed forest cover data linked to a productivity model

  13. A technique for separating dead and abnormal spermatozoa from normal bovine ejaculates and some resultant effects on the storage life of extended semen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Murray Allison

    1953-01-01

    ?1250& and 2s900 Oxf'ord mitS per' millilitez oP. diluted semen. The semen thus treated vis then shored a4 8+0 F. xor a period of vere no significant cU. i'gerenees in lixxahiii@ eZ the semen to vhich 9, 250& 509, and 950 units oZ penicillin throughout hhe...+;q I 1. :. L b. 7&&'iiiBJ. "!UT' FJ& BRP~Yi:~' X!C i~rAD age Pa&icORNPL BPBH&KP~Bl Fife!' IiOJJ, '. f~P . B)s'XHg ZP'C, J&~&~Lj'. ?'~ AND 33iiw QF~aLZA!&T:2'!, 'fr". '~-u's iQ ~~('03AL~& Lie 4 By EX~&DlilR~3 SEi'PN ' ' By g48TEEl OP 8GVMCE Nay...

  14. "When the dead are resurrected, how are we going to speak to them?": Jehovah's Witnesses and the Use of Indigenous Languages in the Globalizing Textual Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barchas-Lichtenstein, Jena

    2013-01-01

    to say to them." Lorena "Y si nosotros no hablamos espa,espa, el este, chontal, cómo los vamos a hablarlos?" "And ify si nosotros no hablamos espa, espa, el este, chontal, and

  15. PII S0016-7037(00)00369-0 Ra isotopes and Rn in brines and ground waters of the Jordan-Dead Sea Rift Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yehoshua, Kolodny

    , yet enrichment in water sources is most often not associated with anomalously high uranium or thorium Rift Valley: Enrichment, retardation, and mixing TAMAR MOISE, ABRAHAM STARINSKY, AMITAI KATZ surrounding rocks into the brine end member. 228 Ra/226 Ra ratios are exceptionally low 0.07 to 0.9, mostly

  16. Real-Time Optimization of Dead Time for Motor Control Inverters 0-7803-3840-5/97/$10.000 1997 IEEE 597

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Jonathan W.

    switching loss, it would be possible to design a device-independent inverter controller. Such a controller switching power loss. The number of parameters involved, along with the expense of sensing them, makes current either to each leg or to the inverter bridge as a whole. This in turn minimizes switching loss

  17. Estimating the Time a Dead Tree Has Been on the Ground Author(s): A. P. Gore, E. A. Johnson, H. P. Lo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Edward A.

    archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support:859-861. Read, D. J., H. K. Kouchcki, and J. Hodgson. 1976. Ve- sicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in natural

  18. On understanding the lives of dead stars : Supernova Remnant N103B, radio pulsar B1951+32, and the Rabbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migliazzo, Joshua Marc, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Using the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer, we observed the young Supernova Remnant N103B in the Large Magellanic Cloud as part of the Guaranteed Time Observation program. N103B has a small overall ...

  19. An MILP approach to Multi-location, Multi-Period Equipment ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-24

    Jun 24, 2013 ... to consider both the purchase and salvage of the equipment, since equipment ..... Since A comes from the power set of E ? , the compatibility ...

  20. Targeted Review of Site Preparedness for Severe Natural Phenomena...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    with enriched uranium. Operations include wet chemistry, oxide conversion reduction, casting, machining and forming, and salvage treatment. These operations do not require forced...

  1. Rehabilitation of HLB infected trees when they reach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    Rehabilitation of HLB infected trees when they reach economically unsustainable production Bob, 2012 #12;Objective 1. Salvage and Rehabilitate HLB Trees to Avoid Replanting 2. Rebalance the Shoot

  2. Ingenuity by Kalispell crew saves millions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Falls Aluminum Co. in Columbia Falls, Mont., notified BPA of its intention to end operations and maintenance agreements with BPA in advance of salvage operations at the...

  3. Saona artillery: implications for inter-island trade and shipboard armaments in the first half of the sixteenth century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Samuel Peter

    1994-01-01

    salvaged two of the sites by removing a number of cannons and swivel guns. This study examines the salvaged Saona artillery collection, and includes a history of the Mona Passage in the early sixteenth century, as well as an examination of wrought...

  4. News Report2014 Annual A highlight of 2014 was the startup of construction for the new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Forest News Report2014 Annual A highlight of 2014 was the startup of construction,884 Patch cut 0.4 345 Salvage - Commercial thinning 1.7 199 Roads/utilities 3.2 2,522 BC Hydro RW salvage

  5. Report2013 Annual STAFF CHANGES AND INTERNSHIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Forest News MARCH 2014 Report2013 Annual STAFF CHANGES AND INTERNSHIPS 2014 saw the first - - Salvage - 60 Commercial thinning 4.9 1,010 Roads/utilities 7.0 3,284 BC Hydro RW salvage - 3,701 Total 48

  6. NREL: NEWS - Features

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    announced to push clean energy innovations to the marketplace. October 2014 Reviving Algae from the (Almost) Dead Reviving Algae from the (Almost) Dead NREL's cryogenic tank...

  7. The Biology of Reproductive Delays in Mammals: Reproductive Decisions, Energetics, and Evolutionary Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orr, Teri Jean

    2012-01-01

    tree-roosting bats found dead at wind turbines. PLoS One. Ctree-roosting bats found dead at wind turbines. PLoS One. D

  8. Shoreline prediction: the nightmare of sparse noisy data, non-stationary nonlinear processes and brain-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and brain- dead models Neil Frazer, Tiffany Anderson, Ayesha Genz*, Brad Romine & Charles Fletcher SOEST

  9. Using fractional differentiation in astronomy Amelia Carolina Sparavigna1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    ' such as atmospheric pollution, atmospheric moisture, light pollution, amp glow, dead pixels and stray light, all

  10. While summer was winding down, expertise from the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences was still hotly sought after on hot topics such as China's economic woes, the deadly shooting during a live TV news report in Virginia,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    TV news report in Virginia, methane release during fracking and much, much more. Food & Energy at Risk to Defend Family Dairies" 08.20.2015 Andy Novakovic,Dyson School, on the impacts the how their enzymes react together in the presence of magnesium,energy and oxygen. New Scientist

  11. Lei Fang, Panos J. Antsaklis, Luis Montestruque, Brett McMickell, Michael Lemmon, Yashan Sun, Hui Fang, Ioannis Koutroulis, Martin Haenggi, Min Xie, and Xiaojuan Xie, "A Wireless Dead Reckoning Pedestrian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Pedestrian Navigation System," ACM Workshop on Applications of Mobile Embedded Systems, Boston, MA, June 6 Reckoning Pedestrian Navigation System," ACM Workshop on Applications of Mobile Embedded Systems, Boston, MA Reckoning Pedestrian Navigation System," ACM Workshop on Applications of Mobile Embedded Systems, Boston, MA

  12. Volume XVIII, No. 1 A publication of the U.S. Army Installation Management Agency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    /February 2006 U.S. Army Installation Management Agency In this issue: Base Realignment and Closure #12;Public Don't throw valuable building materials in the landfill! New guidance for salvaging is here 23

  13. INDELIBLY DAVIS:  A Quarter-Century of UC Davis Stories...and Backstories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderhoef, Larry N

    2015-01-01

    Chuck Young went through the roof when Bob Grey and I at anthe keys, he salvaged from the roof a special weather vanefailing, its moss-damaged roof deteriorating, and its steep

  14. Protection Switching for Optical Bursts Using Segmentation and Deflection Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Senior Member, IEEE, Kotikalapudi Sriram, Fellow, IEEE, and Nada Golmie, Member, IEEE Abstract-- Burst be salvaged using this approach. D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie are with the National Institute

  15. CX-011220: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Timber Salvage from Pine Ridge Storm Damage CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/17/2013 Location(s): Tennessee Offices(s): Oak Ridge Office

  16. Remote monitoring of tamarisk defoliation and evapotranspiration following saltcedar leaf beetle attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    (Diorhabda elongata) was released as a tamarisk biocontrol agent. Although initial releases have been and assessment of potential water salvage resulting from biocontrol of tamarisk. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights

  17. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zallen, Richard

    , and deals with immediate salvage and preservation issues (e.g. moving animals and plants, covering books down hazardous equipment or operations. Below is a list detailing any additional duties and the person

  18. An Archaeological Survey for the Eastham State Prison Farm A-1 and 7-1 Well Locations in Houston County Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-29

    Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of Livingston Reservoir, Polk, San Jacinto, Trinity, and Walker Counties, Texas. Report submitted to the National Park Service by the Texas Archeological Salvage Project, The University of Texas at Austin...

  19. Wetland and Sensitive Species Survey Report for Y-12: Proposed Uranium Processing Facility (UPF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giffen, N.; Peterson, M.; Reasor, S.; Pounds, L.; Byrd, G.; Wiest, M. C.; Hill, C. C.

    2009-11-01

    This report summarizes the results of an environmental survey conducted at sites associated with the proposed Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) at the Y-12 National Security Complex in September-October 2009. The survey was conducted in order to evaluate potential impacts of the overall project. This project includes the construction of a haul road, concrete batch plant, wet soil storage area and dry soil storage area. The environmental surveys were conducted by natural resource experts at ORNL who routinely assess the significance of various project activities on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR). Natural resource staff assistance on this project included the collection of environmental information that can aid in project location decisions that minimize impacts to sensitive resource such as significant wildlife populations, rare plants and wetlands. Natural resources work was conducted in various habitats, corresponding to the proposed areas of impact. Thc credentials/qualifications of the researchers are contained in Appendix A. The proposed haul road traverses a number of different habitats including a power-line right-of-way. wetlands, streams, forest and mowed areas. It extends from what is known as the New Salvage Yard on the west to the Polaris Parking Lot on the east. This haul road is meant to connect the proposed concrete batch plant to the UPF building site. The proposed site of the concrete batch plant itself is a highly disturbed fenced area. This area of the project is shown in Fig. 1. The proposed Wet Soils Disposal Area is located on the north side of Bear Creek Road at the former Control Burn Study Area. This is a second growth arce containing thick vegetation, and extensive dead and down woody material. This area of the project is shown in Fig. 2. Thc dry soils storage area is proposed for what is currently known as the West Borrow Area. This site is located on the west side of Reeves Road south of Bear Creek Road. The site is an early successional field. This area of the project is shown in Fig. 2.

  20. Simultaneous multislice spiral and EPI chemical shift imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuhashem, Obaidah Anees

    2013-01-01

    The current prominent excitation methods of 3D slabs used for MR Spectroscopy Imaging (MRSI) include long dead times in each TR. This dead time is necessary for magnetization moments' longitudinal relaxation, and so a good ...

  1. TRT workshop Dubna, 24 May 2005 Pauline Gagnon Indiana University1 A lab of one's own: epilogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagnon, Pauline

    #deadchannels Dead channels distribution 0 2 4 6 8 3 9 15 21 27 33 39 45 51 57 # dead channels See http://trt-wts.web.cern.ch/trt-wts

  2. Leveraging Biologically-inspired Mobile Agents Supporting Composite Needs of Reliability and Timeliness in Sensor Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Qi "Chee"

    the temperature in a nest, and minimizes the number of dead drones [20]. If bees focus only on forag- ing, they fail to ventilate their nest and remove dead drones. Given this observation, this paper proposes

  3. Exploring Self-star Properties in Cognitive Sensor Networking Pruet Boonma and Junichi Suzuki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Jun

    the amount of collected honey, maintaining the temperature in a nest and minimizing the number of dead drones. If bees focus only on foraging, they fail to ventilate their nest and remove dead drones. Given

  4. MONSOON: A Coevolutionary Multiobjective Adaptation Framework for Dynamic Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Jun

    and minimizing the number of dead drones. If bees focus only on foraging, they fail to venti- late their nest and remove dead drones. Given this obser- vation, the proposed application architecture, called BiS- NET

  5. Cantanduanes Street and Other Fictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Fuente, Marco Paolo Reyes

    2013-01-01

    muscles and tendons of dead animals and imagines the moist, warm, comfort they will bring to waiting mouths,

  6. The Definition of Public Space in Republican Rome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Amy

    2011-01-01

    caeco scelerata latebat in aere vivebatque anima deterioreout of dead bronze (caeco… aere). But it is also falsa and a

  7. Computational Analysis of Receptor-Odor Interactions and Prediction of Behavior-Modifying Chemical Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, Sean Michael

    2012-01-01

    Mosquitoes and Flies INTRODUCTION Blood-feeding insects transmit deadly diseases such as malaria, Dengue, Filariasis, West Nile Fever,

  8. Maximizing Power Output in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines and Enabling Effective Control of Combustion Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2011-01-01

    TDC Top dead center TDI Turbocharged direct inject TTL TimeIntake Temperature in a Turbocharged Multi Cylinder Engine

  9. Nd'ordre : 2009ISAM0009 Prsente

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of explosion At least 15 people dead and 180 injured Nigeria 2008 oil pipeline explosion At least 100 people: liquefied petroleum explosion 37 people dead and 36 people injured America 1973 Richmond Area: natural gas Corporation: gas leak 2,500 people dead, more than 20 million people injured Mexico 1984 Mexico City

  10. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 527 DecAID: A Decaying Wood Advisory Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 527 DecAID: A Decaying Wood Advisory Model and decaying wood (dead and partially dead trees and down wood) necessary to maintain wildlife habitat in Washington and Oregon. Whereas the relationship of dead and decaying wood to wildlife habitat is a major

  11. A community of ants, fungi, and bacteria: A multilateral approach to studying symbiosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Currie, Cameron R.

    2001-01-01

    substrate Lower attines Myrmicocrypta Small Monomorphic Small to Insect corpses medium Mycocepurus Small Monomorphic Small Insect feces Apterostigma Small to Monomorphic Small Insect feces and medium woody matter Mycetarotes Small Monomorphic Small Unknown... Mycetosoritis Small Monomorphic Small Dead vegetative matter Cyphomyrmex Small Monomorphic Medium Insect feces, corpses Mycetophylax Small Monomorphic Small Dead grass Higher attines Sericomyrmex Medium Monomorphic Medium Dead vegetative matter Trachymyrmex...

  12. Evaluation of a New Method of Heading Estimation for Pedestrian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Evaluation of a New Method of Heading Estimation for Pedestrian Dead Reckoning Using Shoe Mounted) (Email: Lachapelle@geomatics.ucalgary.ca) In this paper, a novel method of sensor based pedestrian dead with respect to a high accuracy reference trajectory. KEY WORDS 1. Pedestrian Navigation. 2. Dead Reckoning. 1

  13. Transitional relief housing for tsunami victims of Tamil Nadu, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Shauna

    2006-01-01

    In the wake of the recent tsunami that swept across Asia, there is a dire need to salvage and rebuild the lives and livelihoods that were swept away. The aim of this thesis project is to design and model a transitional ...

  14. PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED JOURNALS Aubin M., Faddegon, B. and Pouliot J., Clinical Electron Beam Verification with an a-Si Electronic Portal Imaging Device, Submitted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliot, Jean

    in inverse planned HDR prostate brachytherapy for dose escalation of DIL defined by combined MRI., and Hsu I.C., Inverse Planning for the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)- Based Intracavitary Brachytherapy III M., Hsu I-C., High Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy Salvage for Local Prostate Recurrence After

  15. Safety Assurance and Rescue Communication Systems in High-Stress Environments -A Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    , tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes, fires, floods/flash floods in urban areas; salvage, search and rescue, volcanic eruptions, plane crashes, high-rise building collapses, and nuclear facility mal- functions in US, underground mining accidents in China, tremors of the tsunami and earth- quakes in Asia and south

  16. In defense of the gypsy lawyer: an analysis of doxastic justification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittag, Daniel Marlin

    1998-01-01

    accounts and non-causal accounts. In the second chapter I will explicate the central issues involved in providing an adequate causal account of the basing relation. I will consider various attempts to salvage causal accounts in light of Keith Lehrer...

  17. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 327, SCrie II 6, p. 207-213, 1999 MCcanique des fluides/F/ujd mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesfreid, José Eduardo

    the chemical reactor with accurate control of the residence time, which is an important parameter regarding nuclear fuel, which consists in salvaging the re-usable elements. These separation operations are carried-Taylor-Poiseuille flow. The experimental reactor (figure 1) is composed of an outer stationary cylinder of transparent

  18. Introduction to Fish Health Management 1 Ruth Francis-Floyd2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    CIR921 Introduction to Fish Health Management 1 Ruth Francis-Floyd2 1. This document is CIR921, one Is Fish Health Management? Fish health management is a term used in aquaculture to describe management practices which are designed to prevent fish disease. Once fish get sick it can be difficult to salvage them

  19. Remedial Investigation Work Plan for Upper East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit 3 at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    Upper East Fork Popular Creek Operable Unit 3 (UEFPC OU 3) is a source term OU composed of seven sites, and is located in the western portion of the Y-12 Plant. For the most part, the UEFPC OU 3 sites served unrelated purposes and are geographically removed from one another. The seven sites include the following: Building 81-10, the S-2 Site, Salvage Yard oil storage tanks, the Salvage Yard oil/solvent drum storage area, Tank Site 2063-U, the Salvage Yard drum deheader, and the Salvage Yard scrap metal storage area. All of these sites are contaminated with at least one or more hazardous and/or radioactive chemicals. All sites have had some previous investigation under the Y-12 Plant RCRA Program. The work plan contains summaries of geographical, historical, operational, geological, and hydrological information specific to each OU 3 site. The potential for release of contaminants to receptors through various media is addressed, and a sampling and analysis plan is presented to obtain objectives for the remedial investigation. Proposed sampling activities are contingent upon the screening level risk assessment, which includes shallow soil sampling, soil borings, monitoring well installation, groundwater sampling, and surface water sampling. Data from the site characterization activities will be used to meet the above objectives. A Field Sampling Investigation Plan, Health and Safety Plan, and Waste Management Plan are also included in this work plan.

  20. The activities of the Institute in 2006 have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    of Bangor) - Salvage of Historic Wrecks Michael Harakis (Department for Transport) - Litigation or Arbitration? A Roadmap to Dispute Resolution Måns Jacobsson (Director of the International Oil Pollution Funds) - The International Regime on Liability and Compensation for ship-source Oil Pollution damage: The Legal and Political

  1. Koch Institute Corners of Main/Vassar Streets and Main/Ames Streets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Charles E.

    Brownfield redevelopment Storm water filtration system Reflective roof material which will reduce the heat island effect Heat recovery methods incorporated into HVAC systems VAV system and right sizing of HVAC energy A construction waste management plan that recycles and salvages waste Project Managers

  2. Who farted? Hydrogen sulphide transport from Bardarbunga to Scandinavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grahn, Håkan; Brännström, Niklas

    2015-01-01

    On September 9 2014 several incidences of foul smell (rotten eggs) were reported on the coast of Norway (in particular in the vicinity of Molde) and then on September 10 in the interior parts of county V\\"asterbotten, Sweden. One of the theories that were put forward was that the foul smell was due to degassing of the Bardarbunga volcano on Iceland. Using satellite images (GOME-1,-2) of the sulphur dioxide, SO_2, contents in the atmosphere surrounding Iceland to estimate flux of SO_2 from the volcano and an atmospheric transport model, PELLO, we vindicate this theory: we argue that the cause for the foul smell was hydrogen sulphide originating from Bardarbunga. The model concentrations are also compared to SO_2 concentration measurements from Muonio, Finland.

  3. EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Land use

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    through decomposition, the continuing fall of trunks, branches, leaves, and other plant materials adds to the mass of litter and dead wood, leading to an overall increase in...

  4. Flammability, physiology and coexistence in fire prone environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowan, Peter David

    2010-01-01

    and Table 4.1). The variation in proportion of dead materialvariation in ?ne fuel mass, is the main contributor to di?erences in ?ne fuel proportion (

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    revenue · Lead to lost human, industrial, agricultural, and forest productivity · Cause damage, storm surges, hurricanes, wildfires, or volcanic activity. They are often more damaging and deadly than

  6. Jefferson Lab scientists set to test germ-killing fabrics | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    expected for fire and safety personnel garments. Post- testing will verify that microbes are dead. Jefferson Lab scientists set to test germ-killing fabrics September 26,...

  7. Latinas Crafting Sustainability in East Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guajardo, Ana

    2010-01-01

    Dead, indigenismo, arts sustainability, East Los Angeles,Guajardo Latinas Crafting Sustainability in East Los Angelesin their growth and sustainability will help document their

  8. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Folding KineticsFinal Report Cover Page Bakajin O BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ENGINEERING CONSUMPTION RATES DEAD TIME DETECTION DIFFUSION DNA ENERGY TRANSFER FABRICATION...

  9. KineticsFinal Report Cover Page Bakajin, O 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    KineticsFinal Report Cover Page Bakajin, O 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING; CONSUMPTION RATES; DEAD TIME; DETECTION; DIFFUSION; DNA; ENERGY TRANSFER; FABRICATION;...

  10. BULLETIN OF THE TJNITED STATES FISH. COMMISSIOX. 183, 15.--111STORY O F TIIE EXPERIMENTS LEADINC T O TIIR DEVELOP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    whitefish eggs is to siphon off tho dead eggs and such lire eggs a8 are necessarily drawn over with them

  11. Airborne: A Novel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingram, James Spencer

    2015-01-01

    of dead air and tried to cough. “Stan? ” he gasped. “I’mbehind the desk. The hacking coughs rattled in John’s chest,

  12. Tectonophysics, 180 (1990) 87-100 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -printed in The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ze'ev, Reches

    1990-01-01

    in a general N-S direction from the Red Sea to the Taurus-Zagros Mountains. The Dead Sea system is a left

  13. American Torture: The Price Paid, the Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajjar, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    a secret directive to his national security team (over Statein the interest of national security because the Obamaeffects on US national security, and deadly consequences for

  14. Introduction to Electrical and Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Damon A.

    .6 Materials Science: Nitinol Wire: Lifting a Dead Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 13.7 Material Science: Nitinol Wire: Using a Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 13.

  15. Grasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunk, T. L.

    1888-01-01

    , was JUC testing 46. tail or 40. Trifoliurn hybridurn (Alsika Clover). Made an excellent growth. By September 3, after a drouth of about six weeks, about one-third of the plants were dead. Now, October lo, all dead. 41. I'riyfolium incarnatum... (Crimson Clover). Made a good heavy growth. Firmly rooted, but by September 3 was all dead. 42. Frifoliumpratense iLarge Red or Pea-vine Clover). Stems ro feet in length and numerous; covered the ground. On ber 3 two-thirds dead. October 10, very few...

  16. Modelling and mapping temperate hardwood forest structural complexity as an indicator of biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Composition & configuration of forest structural attributes Keystone Structures ­ e.g. dead wood `Habitat. Animal species diversity driven by habitat heterogeneity/diversity: The importance of keystone structures

  17. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    INL

    2009-09-01

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats.

  18. The Reduction of Morphological Variation in Natural Populations of Smooth Newt Graham Bell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhindsa, Rajinder

    , South Parks Road, Oxford INTRODUCTION Normalizing selection acting on continuous variation, although through the plot of the proportion of animals dead in each group. This line was considered to estimate the proportion of animals expected to be dead in each 0.5-mm group, if simple physical size were alone

  19. INTEGRATED NAVIGATION OF CAMERAS FOR AUGMENTED REALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Fredrik

    of freedom accelerometers and gyroscopes is used as the primary source of information. Dead- reckoning gives area focuses on im- age processing algorithms, where the streaming image is the primary information is based on inertial measurements as primary sensor on which dead-reckoning can be based, and features

  20. SAMSUNG Tech. Conference This paper presents a practical world-to-chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Kwang W.

    and sealing, which provides a zero dead volume, a zero leakage flow and biochemical compatibility. In addition to seal the inlets/vents without the dead volume. If sealing or valving using the rubber sheet fails are designed to withstand at least 8.1 Psi. After sample loading and sealing, leakage test is conducted

  1. Highly efficient 6-stroke engine cycle with water injection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Szybist, James P; Conklin, James C

    2012-10-23

    A six-stroke engine cycle having improved efficiency. Heat is recovered from the engine combustion gases by using a 6-stroke engine cycle in which combustion gases are partially vented proximate the bottom-dead-center position of the fourth stroke cycle, and water is injected proximate the top-dead-center position of the fourth stroke cycle.

  2. "Dangerous" urban trees & community health & safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Dangerous" urban trees & community health & safety Norman Dandy Forest Research #12;Urban trees application 4. When tree is deemed `dead, dying or dangerous' ­ no consent is needed under either forestry. Full assessment of `dead, dying or dangerous' requires `expert' knowledge Liability + lack

  3. Examensarbete Institutionen fr ekologi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -substrate preferences and amounts of dead wood Helena Magnusson SJÄLVSTÄNDIGT ARBETE I BIOLOGI and bryophytes in young managed forests- substrate preferences and amounts of dead wood Title in Swedish/Självständigt arbete 2010:3 Electronic publication: http://stud.epsilon.slu.se Key words: Stump harvest, fine woody

  4. Supervisor: Odd M. Faltinsen The influence of fish on the mooring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    1 Zhao He Supervisor: Odd M. Faltinsen The influence of fish on the mooring loads of a floating fish farm CeSOS Highlights #12;2 · Dead fish experiment · Simulations related to the dead fish experiment · Real fish experiment · Simulations related to the real fish experiment · Conclusions Experiments

  5. Andreas Sundelf, Valerio Bartolino, Max Cardinale Aqua reports 2013:15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Sundelöf, Valerio Bartolino, Max Cardinale Aqua reports 2013:15 Waking the Deads Final report #12;Waking the Deads Final report Andreas Sundelöf, Valerio Bartolino, Max Cardinale Address SLU 2013 SLU, Department of Aquatic Resources Aqua reports 2013:15 ISBN: 978-91-576-9177-4 (elektronisk

  6. 18/11/2009 14:02Truth and Reconciliation for Group Selection XIX: Happily Ever After : Evolution for Everyone Page 1 of 10http://scienceblogs.com/evolution/2009/11/truth_and_reconciliation_for_g_19.php#more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    _and_reconciliation_for_g_19.php#more Project) and the study of religion (Evolutionary Religious Studies). Search Search Recent in the Wild daedalus2u on Truth and Reconciliation for Group Selection XVI: Individualism is Dead. Long Live Transitions daedalus2u on Truth and Reconciliation for Group Selection XVI: Individualism is Dead. Long Live

  7. Chemistry and Industry Date: 08/21/2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    , poisonous gases or deadly toxins. Developed by chemists at the University of Illinois, US, the nose works coloured dots -- each of which is a different dye -- on an inert backing, such as paper, plastic or glass drugs, environmental pollutants, poisonous gases or deadly toxins. Page 1 of 1Artificial nose sniffs out

  8. Quaternary morphotectonic mapping of the Wadi Araba and implications for the tectonic activity of the southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    ., 2000a; Le Béon et al., 2010]. [3] South of the Dead Sea basin, the Dead Sea fault runs near the axis du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Université Paris Diderot, UMR 7154, CNRS, Paris, France. 2

  9. Economic Calculations for the ASHRAE Handbook 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.

    1993-01-01

    ESL-TR-93/04-07 Economic Calculations for the ASHRAE Handbook Jeff S. Haberl Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3123 For any proposed capital investment, the capital and interest costs, salvage costs... Office, Washington, D.C. BIBLIOGRAPHY ASTM. 1985. Definition of terms relating to building economics. ASTM Standard E933-S5. ASTM, Philadelphia. Kurtz, M. 1984. Handbook of engineering economics: A guide for engineers, technicians, scientists and managers...

  10. Ris-R-1257(EN) Isolated Systems with Wind Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 State of the Art - Technology 8 2.1 State of the Art 8 2.2 Categorised Power Systems 13 3 State costs 23 Investment costs 23 Running costs 24 O&M costs 24 Retrofit & salvage costs 24 Extraordinary project costs 24 5.5.2 Cost of Energy, COE 25 5.5.3 Value of Energy, VOE 25 Primary power supply 25

  11. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Northwest Transformer, Whatcom County, Washington (First remedial action), September 1989. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-15

    The Northwest Transformer site (NWT), a 1.6-acre former salvage yard, is approximately 2 miles south of Everson in Whatcom County, Washington. The site is in a rural area and is bordered by low-density residential areas to the north and east, and farmland to the south. The NWT site was used for transformer storage and salvage. Storage and salvage operations were conducted in an onsite barn where PCB-contaminated dielectric fluid was drained from the transformers before dismantling. Transformer casings and associated parts were incinerated onsite, and some of the recovered oil was burned to heat the barn. Spillage and leakage of PCB-laden oil on the ground appeared to have occurred frequently, and some oil apparently was dumped directly into a seepage pit onsite, contaminating soil and possibly ground water. This operable unit includes investigations of ground water and the onsite barn to determine whether either is sufficiently contaminated to merit a subsequent operable unit. The primary contaminant of concern affecting the soil is PCB. The selected remedial action for this are site included.

  12. Site selection of Henslow's sparrows wintering on the upper Texas Coast 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannah, Flo

    2000-01-01

    The Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) selects wintering sites that consist of damp areas with tall grasses, standing dead weeds and scattered shrubs. The smallest study site, a grassy opening at W.G. Jones State Forest, was approximately .76...

  13. CX-010735: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grand Coulee-Bell No.5 Dead End Insulator Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 07/19/2013 Location(s): Washington, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  14. In Defense of Logical Minds Selmer Bringsjord, Ron Noel, Elizabeth Bringsjord

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bringsjord, Selmer

    the subjectsminaquestionjority of educate* *d adult subjects do indeed ex- are simply victims of a defective education, and an ingenious fourth problem involving ex* *clusive disjunc- The Received View: Piaget Dead on tion

  15. Design of Aerosol Face Masks for Children Using Computerized 3D Face Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimmel, Ron

    seal to the child's face, and thus may minimize aerosol leakage and dead space. Key words: inhaled supplied with valved aerosol hold- ing chambers used for aerosol therapy. (Adapted with per- mission from

  16. Biological and Physical Assessment of Streams in Northern California: Evaluating the Effects of Global Change and Human Disturbance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Justin Earl

    2011-01-01

    as large woody debris (LWD), whereas living large wood washave established the importance of LWD on pool formation in2) whether it was dead (LWD) or living (LLW); 3) the length

  17. 1 INTRODUCTION The Biblical story of the destruction of Sodom and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haigh, Stuart

    this theory, several elements need to fall into place: 1 The Dead Sea region must be shown to be a seismic- rah, (approximately 2000 BC). 2.2 Stratigraphy Examination of the soil deposits close to the present

  18. Webinar: Evaluating Roof Structures for Solar PV

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar provides an overview of Connecticut's Structural Review Worksheet for Residential Rooftop Solar PV Systems. The webinar explains how the worksheet should be used and common concerns with wind and dead loads for rooftop solar PV.

  19. Habitat associations of cavity-nesting owls in the Sierra Nevada 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groce, Julie Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    Several species of small, cavity-nesting owls occur in the Sierra Nevada, including in areas impacted by human activities. The owls typically use standing dead trees (snags) for nest sites. Although descriptive studies exist regarding habitats...

  20. A Research on Production Optimization of Coupled Surface and Subsurface Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iemcholvilert, Sevaphol

    2013-07-09

    with various reservoir description (homogeneous-low permeability, homogeneous-high permeability, and heterogeneous permeability) and different fluid properties (dead-oil PVT and lived-oil PVT) were performed in order to understand the effect of coupling level...

  1. Architecture Support for Customizable Domain-Specific Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chunyue

    2012-01-01

    detecting-and-recovery (DDR) is used, and the user candetection and recovery (DDR, as described in Chapter 3 andused in the dead-free VN of DDR instead of using XY routing

  2. Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-12

    Feb 12, 2015 ... actually used to lift the people, not only dead loads. The most famous use ... the leftovers of a Soviet Polar drift station. Humans who did the ...

  3. Journal of Microscopy, Vol. 233, Pt 2 2009, pp. 244250 Received 8 April 2008; accepted 13 August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    (CARS) microscopy S. MURUGKAR , C.L. EVANS,, X.S. XIE & H. ANIS School of Information Technology to the contamination of the town's water supply by a deadly strain of the Escherichia coli bacteria. A drinking water

  4. Water driven : New Orleans City Hall as a sustainable civic center for 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sangthong, Pholkrit

    2008-01-01

    The devastating struck of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in late summer of 2005 was deadly and immense. The storm destroyed over 170 drinking water facilities and 47 wastewater treatments around the city, and resulted ...

  5. Resource Limits and Conversion Efficiency with Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croft, Gregory Donald

    2009-01-01

    states with the About Coal, America’s most abundant energyemissions. ” How to End America’s Deadly Coal Addiction, bythat America’s estimated recoverable reserves of coal stand

  6. Desiccation Tolerance of Five Tropical Seedlings in Panama. Relationship to a Field Assessment of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    -pressure flowmeter, and whole-stem hydraulic conductance was measured by a vacuum chamber method. Leaf punches (5 stages, from slightly wilted to dead. Saturated root hydraulic conductance was measured with a high

  7. 1013: Results from Super-Kamiokande KaiMartens for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration (kai@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    of dead volume inside the light barrier this amounts to a water shield of > 2:6 m all around the ID. Vital. Special precautions are taken to prevent admission of radon into the tank water, since the #12;-decay

  8. Development of a methodology for evaluating investments in infrastructure for the sustainable exploitation of shale energy in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agosta, Bruno R

    2015-01-01

    In 2011, a new word entered into the popular vocabulary of Argentina: Vaca Muerta (VM, literally: Dead Cow); almost like a discovery, it was announced that Argentina had large hydrocarbon resources that were trapped in ...

  9. About the SA Blog Network More from Scientific American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jason

    is inspiring solar power research The SCICOMM 25 (3.13.15) "Do you not know that a man is not dead while his species from around the world Extinction Countdown Home Email Look Out Lemurs: Climate Change Is Taking

  10. PERIODICAL CICADA REPORTS FROM SOUTHERN INDIANA Timothy J. Gibb, Insect Diagnostician, Department of Entomology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    . Adultsliveforaboutamonthduring which time the females can lay between 400 and 600 eggs. In urban areas, heavy infestations can make sidewalks and roads slick with dead insect carcasses. In orchards, nurs- eries and landscapes

  11. Simultaneous phase and scatter correction for NMR datasets Bradley Worley, Robert Powers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    , dead time between the transmit and receive gating circuits, and delays arising from analog and digital fil- tering can all produce phase errors. After Fourier transformation, these phase errors result

  12. 11. Standard Abbreviations and Acronyms R observed optical rotation in degrees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    ,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane dansyl 5-(dimethylamino)-1-naphthalenesulfonyl DBN 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone DEAD diethyl azodicarboxylate DEPT distortionless enhancement

  13. 97.12.Research4pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or greater dead-time in the fill pattern is needed to allow the rf front-end bandpass filters to ring-down to a level where they do not impact the measurement of bunches...

  14. Technologies for the isolation of circulating tumor cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Ajay M. (Ajay Mukesh)

    2012-01-01

    Metastasis, the spread and growth of tumor cells from the primary site to distant organs, is arguably the most devastating and deadly attribute of cancer, and is ultimately responsible for 90% of cancer-related deaths. ...

  15. The Texas 'Condom-Rape' Case: Caution Construed as Consent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Luz, Carla M.; Weckerly, Pamela C.

    1993-01-01

    deadly situation. Unlike many rape victims, she found a wayantiquated attitudes of rape have on its modem survivors. I.indict Joel Rene Valdez, a rape suspect who complied with a

  16. Chlorine Gas: An Evolving Hazardous Material Threat and Unconventional Weapon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Robert; Wills, Brandon; Kang, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Been Exposed to Deadly Gas on Tacoma’s Tideflats. ” The NewsMedical Center, ATTN: MCHJ- EM, Tacoma, WA 98431. Email:of Emergency Medicine, Tacoma, WA Supervising Section

  17. Elevated carbon dioxide flux at the Dixie Valley geothermal field...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    geothermal field. This paper reports results from accumulation-chamber measurements of soil CO2 flux from locations in the dead zone and stable isotope and chemical data on fluids...

  18. Fighting for frames or prospects for peace? : building a prospect theory model of ethnic civil war termination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butts, Robert Davis

    2007-01-01

    Ethnic civil wars are the most abundant form of large-scale, deadly conflict in the world today, yet the dedicated study of ethnic civil war is relatively new within political science. One empirical observation repeated ...

  19. On the "counter-example" in the article "Max -controlled siphons for liveness of S3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    On the "counter-example" in the article "Max -controlled siphons for liveness of S3 PGR2 characterization of the S3PGR2 nets by means of the structural object of deadly marked siphon, are correct

  20. Devastating Brain Injuries: Assessment and Management, Part I: Overview of Brain Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Tara D; Malinoski, Darren

    2009-01-01

    349:667-674. 11. Capron AM. Brain death – well settled yetWijdicks EFM. The diagnosis of brain death. NEJM. 2001; 344:AA. Organ preservation in a brain dead patient: information

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the scientist in her knew there was no chance she could be exposed to the deadly Ebola virus. Emerging from the stairwell, Monear, project lead for a Defense Threat Reduction...

  2. Alamos National Laboratory theoretical biologists Bette Korber...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    responses March 3, 2010 Mosaic vaccines show promise in reducing the spread of deadly virus LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 3, 2010-Two teams of researchers-including Los Alamos...

  3. Loss of cardiac microRNA-mediated regulation leads to dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Prakash K.

    Rationale: Heart failure is a deadly and devastating disease that places immense costs on an aging society. To develop therapies aimed at rescuing the failing heart, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms ...

  4. Controlling Blow Flies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeffery K.

    2005-10-05

    Blow flies lay their eggs on animal remains and can spread disease. To control blow flies, it is important to remove dead animals and dispose of them properly, and to use effective insecticides when necessary.

  5. How Much Does That Incinerator Cost? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Nash, Catherine; Harman, Wyatte; Padia, Reema

    2008-07-25

    Biosecurity on poultry farms includes proper disposal of dead carcasses. In many cases, that means using an incinerator. Calculating the cost of an incinerator means considering long and short-term expenses and the cost of fuel. This publication...

  6. Criss Cross Heel and Toe Touch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    Clam Free Clock Dead Ant Tag Dragon Tail Tag Drip Drip Drop Earth Air Water Fire (E) Ecological Values) Spaghetti Soup Sticky Situation Team on a Tarp Texas Big Foot The Shelter Tie One In Touch my Can Toxic

  7. Mangrove-cutting case highlights Florida's tree of By CHRISTINE STAPLETON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    industry would collapse, water would become more polluted and sea levels rising because of climate change from the water and pump oxygen into the sediment. Dead, rotting roots create peat, which accumulates

  8. Reading Stories of Crisis and Recovery: What Next for the American City?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinkley, Sara

    2010-01-01

    Bunkley. 2009. Dead End in Detroit for White-Collar Workers.24. ———. 2010. Shrinking Detroit Back to Greatness. New YorkSolnit, Rebecca. 2007. Detroit arcadia: Exploring the post-

  9. http://medmyst.rice.eduMEDmyst magazine medmyst magazine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a highly contagious and often deadly disease. It has been one of the most dreaded infectious diseases is Variola (var-e- ola) major. Smallpox is extremely contagious and can move from person to person very

  10. Genomics provides powerful tools in the global effort to combat Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brutlag, Doug

    ; a distressing cough brings up blood stained sputum. In the morning the dead bodies were stacked about the morgue by a nonproductive cough and shortness of breath. Eventually, some died because of progressive respiratory failure

  11. Flesh yours, bones mine : the making of the biomedical subject in Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanal, Aslihan

    2005-01-01

    With the emergence of biomedical technologies, human body parts from living or dead donors have become commodities in the international networks of trade. This dissertation tries to understand religious, political and ...

  12. The eschatology of the apostle Paul 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knott, Jason E.

    2013-02-22

    Eschatology in Christian theology means doctrines about the return of Christ to Earth and matters related to that return, such as the resurrection of the dead, the final judgment, the beginning of the etemal Kingdom of God, and those events...

  13. No Alternative?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abelmann, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    1997. “Identity Work by Alternative High School Students. ”School is Dead: An Essay on Alternatives in Educa- tion.Jae Hoon Lim part II. Alternative Education 3. A Second-

  14. Screening

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Screening is typically performed by an outside party or an independent renewable energy expert or team. It is a review of the possible technology options that identifies dead-ends and further...

  15. Influence of the Substrate on the Creep of SN Solder Joints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, K.-O.; Morris, J.W.; Hua, F.

    2010-01-01

    under nitrogen gas. The creep tests were done in a dead-loadhere. Details of the creep test procedure have been reportednor fractured during the creep tests done here, the chemical

  16. Thatch Management for Home Lawns 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Gene R.; Gray, Jason; Abernathy, Scott

    1998-12-16

    Thatch is the intermingled layer of living and dead grass stems, roots, rhizomes, and stolons that develops between the lawn's live green vegetation and the soil surface. A moderate thatch layer is beneficial, but excessive thatch creates problems...

  17. Matter & Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    dots -- each a different pigment -- on an inert plastic film. A solid acid catalyst breaks down TATP-dotted postage stamp that can sniff out poisonous gases or deadly toxins simply by changing colors. Scientists

  18. Standing litter as a driver of interannual CO 2 exchange variability in a freshwater marsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, A. V.; Potts, D. L.; Goulden, M. L.

    2008-01-01

    1977), The decomposition of standing and fallen litter ofDiel mineralization patterns of standing-dead plant litter:Huete (1996), Effects of standing litter on the biophysical

  19. Towards a volumetric city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yip, Ho Kwan (Ho Kwan Mavis)

    2012-01-01

    The Ground is dead. In extremely densed urban area, the single ground do not have the luxury of space to accommodate programmes besides circulation. Other urban components such as elevators, bridges, underground passage ...

  20. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - David Bruemmer, Curtis Nielsen

    2010-01-08

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats. To learn more, visit

  1. Pathways, Networks and Therapy: A Boolean Approach to Systems Biology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Layek, Ritwik

    2012-07-16

    . The immediate motivation behind this research is the urgency to find a practica- ble cure of cancer, the emperor of all maladies. Unlike other deadly endemic diseases such as plague, dengue and AIDS, cancer is characteristically heterogenic and hence requires...

  2. txH20: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    Damage Assessment response teams had documented ?,??? visibly oiled dead birds, ?,??? visibly oiled live birds, ?? visibly oiled dead sea turtles, and ??? visibly oiled live sea turtles. A major concern a?er the spill was the possibility of the oil... (Environmental Chemical Sciences) grant, also included scientists from Louisiana State University, Georgia Tech, and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium. A?er returning to the marshes in September ????, he said that areas he examined around...

  3. txH2O: Volume 6, Number 2 (Complete) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Water Resources Institute

    2011-01-01

    Damage Assessment response teams had documented ?,??? visibly oiled dead birds, ?,??? visibly oiled live birds, ?? visibly oiled dead sea turtles, and ??? visibly oiled live sea turtles. A major concern a?er the spill was the possibility of the oil... (Environmental Chemical Sciences) grant, also included scientists from Louisiana State University, Georgia Tech, and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium. A?er returning to the marshes in September ????, he said that areas he examined around...

  4. Postoperative Stereotactic Radiosurgery Without Whole-Brain Radiation Therapy for Brain Metastases: Potential Role of Preoperative Tumor Size

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartford, Alan C.; Paravati, Anthony J.; Spire, William J.; Li, Zhongze; Jarvis, Lesley A.; Fadul, Camilo E.; Erkmen, Kadir; Friedman, Jonathan; Gladstone, David J.; Hug, Eugen B.; Roberts, David W.; Simmons, Nathan E.

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: Radiation therapy following resection of a brain metastasis increases the probability of disease control at the surgical site. We analyzed our experience with postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) as an alternative to whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT), with an emphasis on identifying factors that might predict intracranial disease control and overall survival (OS). Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed all patients through December 2008, who, after surgical resection, underwent SRS to the tumor bed, deferring WBRT. Multiple factors were analyzed for time to intracranial recurrence (ICR), whether local recurrence (LR) at the surgical bed or “distant” recurrence (DR) in the brain, for time to WBRT, and for OS. Results: A total of 49 lesions in 47 patients were treated with postoperative SRS. With median follow-up of 9.3 months (range, 1.1-61.4 months), local control rates at the resection cavity were 85.5% at 1 year and 66.9% at 2 years. OS rates at 1 and 2 years were 52.5% and 31.7%, respectively. On univariate analysis (preoperative) tumors larger than 3.0 cm exhibited a significantly shorter time to LR. At a cutoff of 2.0 cm, larger tumors resulted in significantly shorter times not only for LR but also for DR, ICR, and salvage WBRT. While multivariate Cox regressions showed preoperative size to be significant for times to DR, ICR, and WBRT, in similar multivariate analysis for OS, only the graded prognostic assessment proved to be significant. However, the number of intracranial metastases at presentation was not significantly associated with OS nor with other outcome variables. Conclusions: Larger tumor size was associated with shorter time to recurrence and with shorter time to salvage WBRT; however, larger tumors were not associated with decrements in OS, suggesting successful salvage. SRS to the tumor bed without WBRT is an effective treatment for resected brain metastases, achieving local control particularly for tumors up to 3.0 cm diameter.

  5. Patterns of Failure After Concurrent Bevacizumab and Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiation Therapy for Recurrent High-Grade Glioma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, Lauren Q.; Beal, Kathryn; Goenka, Anuj; Karimi, Sasan; Iwamoto, Fabio M.; Yamada, Yoshiya; Zhang, Zhigang; Lassman, Andrew B.; Abrey, Lauren E.; Gutin, Philip H.

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: Concurrent bevacizumab with hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (HSRT) is safe and effective for the treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas (HGG). The objective of this study was to characterize the patterns of failure after this treatment regimen. Methods and Materials: Twenty-four patients with recurrent enhancing HGG were previously treated on an institutional review board-approved protocol of concurrent bevacizumab and reirradiation. Patients received 30 Gy in 5 fractions to the recurrent tumor with HSRT. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed every 2 cycles, and bevacizumab was continued until clinical or radiographic tumor progression according to the criteria of Macdonald et al. MRI at the time of progression was fused to the HSRT treatment plan, and the location of recurrence was classified on the basis of volume within the 95% isodose line. Outcomes based on patient characteristics, tumor grade, recurrence pattern, and best response to treatment were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Twenty-two patients experienced either clinical or radiographic progression. Recurrent tumor was enhancing in 15 (71.4%) and nonenhancing in 6 (28.6%) patients. Eleven patients (52.4%) had recurrence within the radiation field, 5 patients (23.8%) had marginal recurrence, and 5 patients had recurrence outside the radiation field. Pattern of enhancement and location of failure did not correlate with overall survival or progression-free survival. Radiographic response was the only variable to significantly correlate with progression-free survival. Conclusions: Despite the promising initial response seen with the addition of HSRT to bevacizumab as salvage treatment for recurrent HGG, approximately half of patients ultimately still experience failure within the radiation field. The rate of local failure with the addition of HSRT seems to be lower than that seen with bevacizumab alone in the salvage setting. Our data underscore the radioresistance of HGG and the need for better salvage treatments.

  6. Adaptive engine injection for emissions reduction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reitz, Rolf D. (Madison, WI): Sun, Yong (Madison, WI)

    2008-12-16

    NOx and soot emissions from internal combustion engines, and in particular compression ignition (diesel) engines, are reduced by varying fuel injection timing, fuel injection pressure, and injected fuel volume between low and greater engine loads. At low loads, fuel is injected during one or more low-pressure injections occurring at low injection pressures between the start of the intake stroke and approximately 40 degrees before top dead center during the compression stroke. At higher loads, similar injections are used early in each combustion cycle, in addition to later injections which preferably occur between about 90 degrees before top dead center during the compression stroke, and about 90 degrees after top dead center during the expansion stroke (and which most preferably begin at or closely adjacent the end of the compression stroke). These later injections have higher injection pressure, and also lower injected fuel volume, than the earlier injections.

  7. ENERGETIC PROTONS, RADIONUCLIDES, AND MAGNETIC ACTIVITY IN PROTOSTELLAR DISKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, N. J. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Drake, J. F., E-mail: neal.turner@jpl.nasa.go [Department of Physics, Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

    2009-10-01

    We calculate the location of the magnetically inactive dead zone in the minimum-mass protosolar disk, under ionization scenarios including stellar X-rays, long- or short-lived radionuclide decay, and energetic protons arriving from the general interstellar medium, from a nearby supernova explosion, from the disk corona, or from the corona of the young star. The disk contains a dead zone in all scenarios except those with small dust grains removed and a fraction of the short-lived radionuclides remaining in the gas. All the cases without exception have an 'undead zone' where intermediate resistivities prevent magneto-rotational turbulence while allowing shear-generated large-scale magnetic fields. The mass column in the undead zone is typically greater than the column in the turbulent surface layers. The results support the idea that the dead and undead zones are robust consequences of cold, dusty gas with mass columns exceeding 1000 g cm{sup -2}.

  8. Internal combustion engine using premixed combustion of stratified charges

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marriott, Craig D. (Rochester Hills, MI); Reitz, Rolf D. (Madison, WI

    2003-12-30

    During a combustion cycle, a first stoichiometrically lean fuel charge is injected well prior to top dead center, preferably during the intake stroke. This first fuel charge is substantially mixed with the combustion chamber air during subsequent motion of the piston towards top dead center. A subsequent fuel charge is then injected prior to top dead center to create a stratified, locally richer mixture (but still leaner than stoichiometric) within the combustion chamber. The locally rich region within the combustion chamber has sufficient fuel density to autoignite, and its self-ignition serves to activate ignition for the lean mixture existing within the remainder of the combustion chamber. Because the mixture within the combustion chamber is overall premixed and relatively lean, NO.sub.x and soot production are significantly diminished.

  9. Site inspection addendum. Fort Meade feasibility study and remedial investigation/site inspection Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. Revision 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    This Site Inspection Addendum Report has been prepared to address the Site Inspection portion of the Feasibility Study (FS) and Remedial Investigation/Site Inspection (RI/SI) activities at Fort George G. Meade. It has been prepared under Delivery Order No. 009 and a Change Order dated July 15, 1993, for the U.S. Army Environmental Center (USAEC), formerly known as the U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency (USATHAMA). This report fulfills the requirements of deliverable ELIN A004 under Delivery Order 0009 of the Total Environmental Program Support (TEPS) contract DAAAl5-91-D-00l6. The purpose of this Site Inspection Addendum (SIA) report is to report the findings of Arthur D. Little`s SIA investigation. The overall purpose of an SI is to evaluate if chemical releases or potential contamination has occurred at suspected sites and to determine if further investigation is warranted. This study is an addendum to a previous SI and addresses data gaps remaining from or identified in that document. Six sites at Fort George G. Meade (FGGM) are included in the SIA: DPDO Salvage Yard and Transform Storage Area; DPDO Salvage Yard and Transformer Storage Area; Fire Training Area; Helicopter Hangar Area; Inactive Landfill No. 2, Ordnance Demolition Area Soldiers Lake.

  10. Practical Considerations in the Re-Irradiation of Recurrent and Second Primary Head-and-Neck Cancer: Who, Why, How, and How Much?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis Cancer Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Phillips, Theodore L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis Cancer Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Lee, Nancy Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Despite progress in surgical and reconstructive techniques, as well as advances in radiotherapy delivery methods, a significant proportion of patients irradiated for head-and-neck cancer develop locoregional recurrence. These patients are also at high risk of developing new second primary cancers of the head and neck. Because of the heterogeneity of this population with respect to disease-related and patient-related factors, such as previous treatment, tumor recurrence site, disease extent, and performance status, the optimal treatment of locoregionally recurrent or second primary cancers of the head and neck remains to be defined. Although surgical resection typically constitutes the mainstay of treatment, effective salvage therapy is often precluded by anatomic inaccessibility and the risk of perioperative complications. Although chemotherapy alone has traditionally been considered an alternative to surgery, the response rates have been poor, with nearly all patients dying of disease progression within months. Similarly, salvage therapy using re-irradiation has historically been avoided because of concerns regarding toxicity. Although the results of more recent studies using contemporary treatment techniques and conformal delivery methods have been somewhat more promising, the role of re-irradiation after previous full-course radiotherapy is still considered investigational by many. Numerous questions remain unanswered, and practical guidelines for clinical decision-making are sparse.

  11. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Northwest Transformer-Mission Pole, Whatcom County, WA. (First remedial action), (Amendment), September 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-30

    The 1.6-acre Northwest Transformer - Mission Pole site, is former transformer storage and salvage facility, is 2 miles south of Everson in Whatcom County, Washington. The site is bordered by low-density residential areas to the north and east, and farmland to the south. Storage and salvage operations were conducted in an onsite barn where PCB-contaminated dielectric fluid was drained from the transformers prior to dismantling. A 1989 Record of Decision (ROD) addressed remediation through excavation, consolidation, and onsite treatment using in-situ vitrification. The ROD amends the 1989 ROD and provides a change in the remedy for soil due to excessive cost. The primary contaminant of concern affecting the soil is PCB, an organic. The selected amended remedial action for the ROD includes incincerating approximately 70 cubic yards of soil contaminated with PCBs at levels greater than or equal to 50 mg/kg at a TSCA-approved facility and landfilling approximately 1,500 cubic yards of soil contaminated with PCBs at levels greater than or equal to 1 mg/kg and less than 50 mg/kg offsite at a TSCA-approved facility.

  12. High pressure liquid chromatographic gradient mixer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daughton, Christian G. (San Pablo, CA); Sakaji, Richard H. (El Cerrito, CA)

    1985-01-01

    A gradient mixer which effects the continuous mixing of any two miscible solvents without excessive decay or dispersion of the resultant isocratic effluent or of a linear or exponential gradient. The two solvents are fed under low or high pressure by means of two high performance liquid chromatographic pumps. The mixer comprises a series of ultra-low dead volume stainless steel tubes and low dead volume chambers. The two solvent streams impinge head-on at high fluxes. This initial nonhomogeneous mixture is then passed through a chamber packed with spirally-wound wires which cause turbulent mixing thereby homogenizing the mixture with minimum "band-broadening".

  13. High-pressure liquid chromatographic gradient mixer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Daughton, C.G.; Sakaji, R.H.

    1982-09-08

    A gradient mixer effects the continuous mixing of any two miscible solvents without excessive decay or dispersion of the resultant isocratic effluent or of a linear or exponential gradient. The two solvents are fed under low or high pressure by means of two high performance liquid chromatographic pumps. The mixer comprises a series of ultra-low dead volume stainless steel tubes and low dead volume chambers. The two solvent streams impinge head-on at high fluxes. This initial nonhomogeneous mixture is then passed through a chamber packed with spirally-wound wires which cause turbulent mixing thereby homogenizing the mixture with minimum band-broadening.

  14. Ballad Tradition in the 21st Century: The Outlaw Ballad 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Grace

    2014-11-17

    , and as Meyer added in 1980, he is granted a sort of mythical prestige that makes people wonder if he is really dead (74-75). For two years (2008-2010), a teenage boy with a quickly mounting criminal record and a knack for eluding all the resources... such as Louise Pound and George Lyman Kittredge declared the tradition dead. They believed that due to the introduction of recording technology and the lack of suitable modern content, “ballad-making [was] a closed account.” (Pound, “Ballad-Making” 628...

  15. In How Many Ways Can You Reassemble Several Russian Dolls?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    2009-01-01

    When my brilliant student Thotsaporn "Aek" Thanatipanonda asked me about how many ways can one cover n identical twins, it rang a Bell back to 1981 (see the article). As usual, the method of teaching the computer how to do its own combinatorics, and to use "analysis" (that is really part of discrete math) to enumerate challenging combinatorial objects is even more interesting than the theorems and even the algorithm. Of course, formulas are dead, long live algorithms! But even algorithms are dead, long live meta-algorithms!!

  16. Enhancement of CD8+ T-cell memory by removal of a vaccinia virus NF-?B inhibitor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Hongwei; Ferguson, Brian J.; de Motes, Carlos Maluquer; Sumner, Rebecca P.; Harman, Laura; Smith, Geoffrey L.

    2014-11-07

    % paraformaldehyde (Sigma-Aldrich, St Louis, MO). Flow cytometry was performed with a BD LSR Fortessa (BD Biosciences), and data were analysed with FLOWJO software (Tree Star Inc., Ashland, OR). LIVE/DEAD? Fixable Aqua Dead Cell Stain Kit (Life Technologies, Paisley... , UK) was used to exclude non-via- ble cells from analysis. Flow cytometric gating strategies are shown in Supplementary Figure S3. DimerX assay to detect VACV specific CD8+ T cells Recombinant soluble dimeric mouse H-2Kb:Ig fusion pro- teins were...

  17. Life history and habitat associations of the broad wood cockroach, Parcoblatta lata (Blattaria: Blattellidae) and other native cockroaches in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horn, Scott; Hanula, James, L.

    2002-06-18

    Wood cockroaches are an important prey of the red-cockaded woodpecker, Picoides borealis, an endangered species inhabiting pine forests in the southern United States. These woodpeckers forage on the boles of live pine trees, but their prey consists of a high proportion of wood cockroaches, Parcoblatta spp., that are more commonly associated with dead plant material. Cockroach population density samples were conducted on live pine trees, dead snags and coarse woody debris on the ground. The studies showed that snags and logs are also important habitats of wood cockroaches in pine forests.

  18. Searching for a parking space 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric

    2005-01-01

    If you drive a car, it’s a classic problem on the busy city streets, the search for a parking space. Merely driving in the inner city is a challenging and frustrating affair because it is full of one way streets, dead ...

  19. The Edinburgh Addiction Cohort: recruitment and follow-up of a primary care based sample of injection drug users and non drug-injecting controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macleod, John; Copeland, Lorraine; Hickman, Matthew; McKenzie, James; Kimber, Jo; De Angelis, Daniela; Robertson, James R

    2010-02-26

    interviewed, 48 cases not interviewed and 34 (18%) of dead cases. For a sub-sample of 100 interviewees a search of the Lothian and Borders police database was made for official criminal records and 94 had criminal records. Data linkage for controls is ongoing...

  20. NEWS RELEASE GOLDSPOTTED OAK BORER INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP OF SAN DIEGO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    NEWS RELEASE GOLDSPOTTED OAK BORER INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY CONTACT: Anabele Cornejo, Forest Service, 858-674-2985 Tammy Glenn, County of San Diego, 619-595-4627 Nick Schuler, CAL FIRE, 619-590-3100 DON'T MOVE OAK WOOD IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY! Dead, Dying, and Diseased Oaks

  1. A life history study of Collops balteatus LeConte and Collops vittatus (Say) (Malachiidae, coleoptera 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, James Knox

    1956-01-01

    vere fed on ootton aphids and sorts' dead insects. After a period of about six or eight weeks, tbe beetles began to cviposit in the dried oottcn blooey and lenres that had been planed in the sages, Hoverer, the deposition of eggs was not restricted...

  2. FOR HOME REPAIR AND CONSTRUCTION A home located within the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) may be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the roof is a large surface, capable of catching burning embers. The embers may get lodged between of catching embers during a wildfire. A roof also can collect dead vegetation such as pine needles and leaf (with soffit vents) The primary function of the eave is to protect the home from rainwater. However

  3. This article was originally published in a journal published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago, Juan G.

    Sources 167 (2007) 118­129 Engineering model of a passive planar air breathing fuel cell cathode Ryan O The behavior of an air breathing fuel cell (ABFC) operated on dry-hydrogen in dead-ended mode is studied using cell behavior. (4) Performance optimization requires maximizing heat rejection while minimizing

  4. Proceedings of Proceedings of the ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 10th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    , San Diego, USA ESFuelCell2012-91307 DRAFT: OPTIMIZATION OF PURGE CYCLE FOR DEAD-ENDED ANODE FUEL CELL the purge interval at given operating conditions can optimize the fuel cell efficiency and hy- drogen loss & 10th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference ESFuelCell2012 July 23-July 26, 2012

  5. Country/region [select] Terms of use Home Products Services & solutions Support & downloads My account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzdial, Mark

    , the laws of physics He is not dead yet. Wednesday May 03, 2006 Computer Science Education A recent article in Computerworld speaks about ways to revitalize computer science educati Anthes does a nice job (i.e. he asks some very good questions) interviewing Kenneth Birma computer science at Cornell), Randal Bryant (dean

  6. April 15, 2002 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comment period is generally limited to 30 days; however, comments received after the closure of the public stocks in landfilled yard trimmings. Seven components of forest carbon stocks are analyzed: trees, understory vegetation, forest floor, down dead wood, soils, wood products in use, and landfilled wood

  7. Of fish and swimming swords 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James Gottlieb

    2009-05-15

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 IX CHARLES LEARNS BARBARA?S DEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 X ADAM AND EVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 XI CHARLES INVESTIGATES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 XII ADAM GOES HOME... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 XIII DORA IN THE OFFICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 XIV ADAM DIVES INTO THE VR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 XV DORA DISCOVERS BARBARA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 XVI ADAM AND THE TREE...

  8. The die-back phenomenon of Juniperus procera at the Al-Soudah family park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Bodo

    1 The die-back phenomenon of Juniperus procera at the Al-Soudah family park Results of the field completely. The main objective of this study was to locate the reasons for the die-back of the trees the family park (basically the central areas near the park roads) more than 50% of the trees are already dead

  9. TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /Tubes Downloaded: All sensors downloaded successfully except T125, dead battery. General Comments: None Site Sensor battery Buoy Site: 8N 170W Refresh Mooring Depth: 5535 m Mooring Operation: Deployment Mooring ID#: DM038A: Dive op to replace T25 aborted due to unsafe sea conditions. Site Sensor Failures Date Data Flagged Why

  10. 18 December 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/USFSA/bulletins/e3831c USDA Improves Forest Health by Harvesting Biomass for Energy 12/16/2014 02:57 PM EST USDA Improves Forest Health by Harvesting Biomass for Energy 2014 Farm Bill Program Generates Renewable Energy of dead or diseased trees from National Forests and Bureau of Land Management lands for renewable energy

  11. 4/2/2014 Micro-turbines could power your cellphone http://mybroadband.co.za/vb/showthread.php/589101-Micro-turbines-could-power-your-cellphone 1/4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    (either from outside or generated by waving it or blowing on it) can recharge the battery. On a larger Forums What's New Classifieds Photos IT Jobs Speed Test Today`s Posts FAQ Calendar Company reps Search is needed in an emergency but it has a dead battery, the phone can be placed into the case so the wind

  12. Multimed Tools Appl (2009) 41:305331 DOI 10.1007/s11042-008-0230-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lui, John C.S.

    2009-01-01

    Multimed Tools Appl (2009) 41:305­331 DOI 10.1007/s11042-008-0230-3 Hack-proof synchronization © Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract Synchronization protocols based on "dead-reckoning" are vulnerable to a popular type of cheat called speed-hack. A speed-hack helps a cheater to gain unfair

  13. Catastrophic Animal Mortality Management (Burial Method) Technical Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    , and protect air and water quality. TNRCC Rules require disposal of dead animals within 72 hours in a manner Conservation Service Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board October 26, 2005 General Information of diseased animal carcasses. Texas law has separate requirements for disposal of animal carcasses when death

  14. Abstract The Cercospora nicotianae SOR1 gene is re-quired for resistance to singlet oxygen-generating photo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jacqueline K.

    and other microorganisms produce an abundant array of secondary metabolites, frequently using them as tools colonization by the toxin-producing invader. Toxins can also weaken an animal or plant host to allow more from dead or dying plant cells. Among the most success- ful of these pathogens are members of the genus

  15. CO{sub 2} flux measurements across portions of the Dixie Valley geothermal system, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergfeld, D.; Goff, F. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences Div.; Janik, C.J. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Johnson, S.D. [Oxbow Power Services, Reno, NV (United States)

    1998-12-31

    A map of the CO{sub 2} flux across a newly formed area of plant kill in the NW part of the Dixie Valley geothermal system was constructed to monitor potential growth of a fumarole field. Flux measurements were recorded using a LI-COR infrared analyzer. Sample locations were restricted to areas within and near the dead zone. The data delineate two areas of high CO{sub 2} flux in different topographic settings. Older fumaroles along the Stillwater range front produce large volumes of CO{sub 2} at high temperatures. High CO{sub 2} flux values were also recorded at sites along a series of recently formed ground fractures at the base of the dead zone. The two areas are connected by a zone of partial plant kill and moderate flux on an alluvial fan. Results from this study indicate a close association between the range front fumaroles and the dead zone fractures. The goals of this study are to characterize recharge to the geothermal system, provide geochemical monitoring of reservoir fluids and to examine the temporal and spatial distribution of the CO{sub 2} flux in the dead zone. This paper reports the results of the initial CO{sub 2} flux measurements taken in October, 1997.

  16. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Successful J-2X Engine Combustion Stability Test Construction on Building 4220 Began--A Greener Campus System, which will be the most powerful rocket ever built. This heavy lifter will take astronauts deeper Partnerships marshall 20112012 Analyzing the Deadly Alabama Tornadoes Cryogenic Testing Complete on First James

  17. Extending CAN over the air: an interconnection study with IEEE802.11 Tony Flores Pulgar Jean-Luc Scharbarg Katia Jaffr`es-Runser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffrès-Runser, Katia

    the features of CAN and IEEE802.11g in the interconnection policies employed, the missed dead- lines can. A large set of protocols offer deterministic and timely bounded transmissions using taylored medium access communications consider introducing wireless transmissions into the global network architecture [3][11]. First

  18. Ent. Tidskr. 131 (2010) Distribution and abundance of longhorn beetles in Sweden Longhorn beetles in Sweden changes in distribution and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    000 specific records compiled by 1400 collectors. The primary results are presented as maps of species and preferences of collectors are examined in order to interpret the maps and indices and separate real changes. some of these are associated with burnt trees, a handful develop in large diameter sun-exposed dead oak

  19. Adding GIS Muscle to Spinning Globes Using Open Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timoney, Brian

    2007-11-14

    stream_size 756 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name ku_gis_day_2007_timoney.pdf.txt stream_source_info ku_gis_day_2007_timoney.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 GIS is Dead...

  20. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of NOAA'sOilSpillResponse Sea Turtle Strandings an the Deepwater Oil Spill Commerce d Sea turtle stranding responders, working under, are responding to dead and live sea turtle strandings and offshore teams are searching for and rescuing oiled sea

  1. FACTS2, [CO2] 1998 season May June July

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :! Women's Circle: Migrant Women's Health in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm! Thursday:! SDSU's Nursing School, Women of Respectful Maternity Care" in Storm Hall 109 4pm! Traditional Eritrean Coffee Ceremony in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm Chivalry Dead?" in WRA* 5pm-6:30pm! Thursday:! Women's Circle: Women's Career Panel in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm

  2. Rutgers Leadership Academy Tentative Topics Built on the foundation of existing ODL initiatives, the RLA will draw on the knowledge and skill of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetriani, Costantino

    :! Women's Circle: Migrant Women's Health in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm! Thursday:! SDSU's Nursing School, Women of Respectful Maternity Care" in Storm Hall 109 4pm! Traditional Eritrean Coffee Ceremony in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm Chivalry Dead?" in WRA* 5pm-6:30pm! Thursday:! Women's Circle: Women's Career Panel in WRA* 6pm-7:30pm

  3. Public Health Update February 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    their chances of contracting the flu. In addition, people are reminded to cover their cough, wash their hands, pertussis is the bacteria that causes Whooping Cough. Most healthy adolescents and adults who contract whooping cough recover completely without significant consequences, but it can be devastating, and deadly

  4. FROM KUIPER BELT OBJECT TO COMETARY NUCLEUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewitt, David C.

    FROM KUIPER BELT OBJECT TO COMETARY NUCLEUS David Jewitt Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn body populations are related through a common origin in the Kuiper Belt, notably the Centaurs, the Jupiter Family Comets and certain dead-comets. But does primitive material from the Kuiper Belt survive

  5. Software Tools for Technology Transfer manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Alexandre

    conclude that the system is schedulable for varying values of BCET. For the cases where dead- lines. This work is partially supported by VKR Centre of Excellence MT-LAB, the Sino-Danish basic research center and DALI. The methods are demonstrated on a complex satel- lite software system yielding new insights

  6. Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    META ANALYSIS Global relationship of wood and leaf litter decomposability: the role of functional and their phylogenetic history influence decay rates of dead wood and leaf litter, but it remains unknown if decay rates of wood and litter covary over a wide range of tree species and across ecosystems. We evaluated

  7. 1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W Department of Entomology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-02-W Department of Entomology America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers CHINESE under the bark and in dry dead wood and complete their development in two or more years. Adults emerge campestris (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), an Asian wood-boring beetle recorded in North America

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 33473356, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/3347/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    between contemporary biomass/biofuel (14C "alive") versus fossil fuel (14C "dead") combustion. Here and biomass combustion. Some PAHs are very well known carcinogens and several stud- ies indicate a negative and air quality regula- tions to control PAH emissions. Apportioning PAHs to a specific combustion source

  9. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 3 APRIL 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1123 Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    ­20% of global anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, second only to fossil fuel combustion7,8 . Recent of coastal development, aqua- culture expansion and over-harvesting1­4 . Carbon emissions resulting from and dead wood biomass, soil carbon content, and soil depth in 25 mangrove forests across a broad area

  10. Solute transport in a filled single fracture under non-Darcian flow J.Z. Qian a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Hongbin

    for the transport of both dissolved contaminants and hydrocarbons. Elder [3] reported a detailed field geology and intake of contaminant particles in dead or disconnected pore spaces can retard the transport. The choice and to a depth of tens to hundreds of meters below ground surface. A few related studies on water flow and solute

  11. Case study of Cape Wind : identifying success and failure modes of offshore wind projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennery, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Cape Wind was supposed to become the first offshore wind farm in the United States. In 2015, more than 10 years after its inception, a single turbine has yet to be produced and the project is at a dead end. Facing a strong ...

  12. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 911 A Case Study of Habitat Conservation Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Henning C. Stabins2 Abstract Forest practices on private industrial timberlands have steadily progressed and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, November 2-4, 1999, Reno, Nevada. 2 Director, Fish and Wildlife.hicks@plumcreek.com and henning.stabins@plumcreek.com) #12;Habitat Conservation Plans and Industrial Forest Lands Case Study

  13. Oxygen: From Environment to Genes. The periodic occurrence of oxygen minima can powerfully influence organisms living in near

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Humans and Hypoxia in the Ocean, spread and recovery of dead zones. 20. Martini Arostegui - Oxygen terrestrial use flows into nearshore ocean waters. These high-nutrient inputs fuel phytoplankton blooms increasingly anoxic, zones are not directly human-induced, but occur with variations in the winds that drive

  14. The Ohio State University University Policies policies.osu.edu Page 1 of 4 Workplace Violence, 7.05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and designed or specially adapted for use as a weapon, or possessed, carried or used as a weapon including, etc.), knife, club, brass knuckles, martial arts weapon, or stun gun. Prohibited items shall. Definitions Term Definition Deadly weapon Any instrument, device or thing capable of inflicting death

  15. Creep Failure and Fracture of Polyethylene in Uniaxial J. M. CRISSMAN and L. J. ZAPAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creep Failure and Fracture of Polyethylene in Uniaxial Extension J. M. CRISSMAN and L. J. ZAPAS conditions of uniaxial creep the frac- ture of high density polyethylene can be categorized as one of three, this phenomenon is known as dead load fatigue. In the case of polyethylene the ultimate fracture can

  16. An Instability Leading to Failure of Polyethylene in Uniaxial Creep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Instability Leading to Failure of Polyethylene in Uniaxial Creep L. J. ZAPAS and J. M. CRISSMAN model, a point of instability is pre- dicted for the uniaxial creep of high density polyethylene. From dead load experiments it has been found that the instabil- ity occurs for linear -polyethylene

  17. Forum: Let there be light Jay Apt and Lester Lave say power blackouts are too frequent, dangerous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forum: Let there be light Jay Apt and Lester Lave say power blackouts are too frequent, dangerous blamed the pilot -- for inadequate training, not inspecting the aircraft thoroughly, flying in dangerous conditions or not reacting properly to the danger. Rather than have many erring pilots and dead passengers

  18. Sustainable and efficient biohydrogen production via electrohydrogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable and efficient biohydrogen production via electrohydrogenesis Shaoan Cheng and Bruce E biohydrogen production past the endothermic barrier im- posed by the microbial formation of fermentation dead fuels such as natural gas. Here, we show that efficient and sustainable hydrogen production is possible

  19. J . exp. Biol. 110, 183-201 (1984) Printed in Great Britain 0The Company of Biologists Ltmited 1984

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    1984-01-01

    183 MECHANICS, POWER OUTPUT AND EFFICIENCY OF THE SWIMMING MUSKRAT (ONDATRAZIBETHICUS) BY F. E. FISH for analysis of thrust by the propulsive appendages. Drag measurements and flow visualization on dead muskrats demon- strated that these animals experience large resistive forces due to the forma- tion of waves

  20. The internal tide off Panama City, Florida 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boston, Noel Edward James

    1963-01-01

    water. The phenomenon was also noted by slowly moving steamers but when their speed was in- creased to a few knots the resistance disappeared. This "dead water" effect was par'ticular'ly striking to Fridjof Nansen during his polar cruise in the FRAN...

  1. 9 JANUARY 2015 VOL 347 ISSUE 6218 111SCIENCE sciencemag.org Positioning a target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chamber of Laser Mégajoule, France's new 3 billion laser fusion laboratory. PHOTO coast, triggers instant déjà vu. The site is a dead ringer for the world's leading lab, the National with laser pulses so that the isotopes fuse into helium, releasing vast stores of energy that might one day

  2. A, Scionco Sesvico Fasturo Relosscd on rocoipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of muggy air f m m tho Gulf Stream and Gulf ef Mexico We have h& t o boal? an(:.uncomonmount af humidity Source of vapor for humidiwing it. A change of wind t o tho south or southeast then quickly brought tho, em autos balk, and even our telephones go dead. tho mrth wind ! avo US ( A l l rights roservod

  3. PERIODICAL CICADA IN INDIANA Clifford S. Sadof, Extension Entomologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Whilesomepeopleconsiderthemassemergenceofcica- das one of nature's many wonders, others find it a nuisance. In urban areas, heavy infestations can make the sidewalks and roads slick with dead insect carcasses. In fruit orchards and nurseries will emerge. This could be especially helpful in fruit orchards or woody plant nurseries. Also, delay pruning

  4. MALVIN CARL TEICH BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of twin photon beams, such as quantum optical coherence tomography, and the design and development in the design of the star-scanner guidance system for the Galileo spacecraft, which was subjected to strong gamma- and beta-ray emissions. In a similar vein, he suggested that dead space could be effectively used

  5. Jelly Baby Chronicles Issue 4 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1985-01-01

    through the village. He gently lay her before the chief. Naja'8 throat had been cut and there were many lacerations about her body. He set the brown felt fedora next to her body. The chief looked closer at the dead girl's left hand. Clutched In it were...

  6. Plattformtrends in der Informationstechnologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    Technologist Global Systems Engineering Sun Microsystems GmbH #12;1982: Ein Hochschul-Absolvent gründet ein Unternehmen #12;Sun Microsystems, Inc. (JAVA) Software Storage SystemsServices Microelectronics Network.) #12;2010 Microprocessors Are Dead Grep Papadopoulos, CTO Sun Microsystems ­ Keynote @ Micropozessor

  7. La politique climatique change enfin de paradigme Michel Damian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is now at a dead-end. The new political economy of the greenhouse effect now focuses on production. It takes the shape of a long-term energy transition, whose contours vary substantially from one country States, with the likely support of China, will be the leading factor in engendering the break

  8. -Tornado damage of Quercus stellata and Quercus marilandica in the Cross Timbers -347 Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 347-352, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Michael W.

    - Tornado damage of Quercus stellata and Quercus marilandica in the Cross Timbers - 347 Journal of the area Quercus marilandica and Q. stellata with respect to damage and mortality; (2) how do such patterns diameter at breast height (DBH), spatial coordinates, status (dead or alive), and damage type. We examined

  9. IEEJ TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING IEEJ Trans 2011; 6: 517524

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI:10.1002/tee.20690 Paper A Model-Based Dead between the primary and secondary side: for example, the battery side and grid side of one plug- in hybrid energy sources, such as solar, wind, and nuclear. A PHEV involves multiple energy sources and converters

  10. By war's end,in 1945,the University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    III By war's end,in 1945,the University was braced for the influx of returning veterans who were. By then the nation had already been at war for two years and had turned itself into "the Arsenal of Democracy the howitzer that had stood on Front Campus for twenty years as reminder of the school's World War I dead

  11. UMass Magazine Online http://www.umassmag.com/Spring_2006/It_s_Electric__1067.html 1 of 3 5/15/2006 10:17 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    your laptop, but your battery is dead and there's nowhere to plug in your computer. You go, in the way we use oxygen and food," he says. "It lives in It's Electric! It's Electric!: more images #12 their electrical production could be improved," says Lovley. "It's useful for charging up batteries

  12. sampling locationsG The Lake Erie ecosystem faces a wide and varied

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by human- induced nutrient enrichment resulting from rural and urban runoff. EXPERIMENTAL HYPOXIA WARNING to as the "dead zone" generally follows the lake bottom or bathymetric contours of the lake. However, wind induced, forecasted surface currents, and satellite imagery to provide real-time information about the potential

  13. Modeling in the Museum: On the Role of Remnant Models in the Work of Joseph Grinnell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , ultimately, is to characterize scientific theories, models, experiments and data in terms of types: they are models of data constructed out of the physical entities being modeled. On the other hand, they serve as elements of theoretical models, providing a bridge between base scientific practices such as skinning dead

  14. Forest Management Helps Save Chadron State Park from Fire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Forest Management Helps Save Chadron State Park from Fire OVER THE PAST HALF-CENTURY, wildfire has Creek Fire on its deadly rampage across the Pine Ridge. The good news is that due to active forest no infrastructure and its forest survived the fire intact. About 90 percent of the Park burned, with the majority

  15. Development of a PCI Express Based Readout Electronics for the XPAD3 X-Ray Photon Counting Image

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawiec, A; Breugnon, P; Arnaud, K; Duval, P -Y; Godiot, S; Hustache, S; Medjoubi, K; Berar, J -F; Boudet, N; Morel, C; Bompard, F

    2011-01-01

    XPAD3 is a large surface X-ray photon counting imager with high count rates, large counter dynamics and very fast data readout. Data are readout in parallel by a PCI Express interface using DMA transfer. The readout frame rate of the complete detector comprising 0.5 MPixels amounts to 500 images per second without dead-time.

  16. Fish die as a result of a wide variety of natural and unnatural causes. Fish may die of old age, starvation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Fish die as a result of a wide variety of natural and unnatural causes. Fish may die of old age, severe weather, and other reasons. A few dead fish floating on the surface of a pond or lake is not necessarily cause for alarm. Expect some fish to die of old age, injury, winter starvation, or even post

  17. Undergraduate Research Project: Computer Modeling of Nanotube Embedded Chemicapacitive Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    by the deadly anthrax attacks on the United States in 20025 , has made the detection of contaminants even more of this undergraduate research project is to elucidate the properties of such a device proposed by the United States throughout this project. I am also indebted to the United States Army Research Laboratory for the funding

  18. Amanda Ensminger Materials for studying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Robert Craig

    Resources" · "Populus " · "Old Exam 2" · "Review for Exam 2" #12;Subjects to study · Tradeoffs · Life cycles's experiments...? ­ Balshine-Earn's experiments...? #12;Life cycle & Tradeoffs C zygote x = 0 Adult x = 1 A B D E Adult x = 2 Adult x = 3 Dead x = 4 F G Where would you indicate.... · Lack's tradeoff? · Williams

  19. CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS TYPE A ENTEROTOXEMIA IN A CAPTIVE ADULT WHITE-TAILED DEER --On the morning of 6 June 2005, a captive adult

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    197 CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS TYPE A ENTEROTOXEMIA IN A CAPTIVE ADULT WHITE-TAILED DEER -- On the morning of 6 June 2005, a captive adult white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was found dead- mately 45 animals was maintained for a variety of research purposes. The three-year- old male displayed

  20. Inactivation of the Pta-AckA Pathway Causes Cell Death in Staphylococcus aureus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Inactivation of the Pta-AckA Pathway Causes Cell Death in Staphylococcus aureus Marat R. Sadykov a drastic inhibitory effect on growth and caused accumulation of dead cells in both pta and ackA mutants capableofcausinginvasiveopportunisticinfections(1).Itisaleading cause of both nosocomial and community-associated infections

  1. instructions i 71-7077-00 Edition AE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    detergent-solubilized membranes, separation of membrane vesicles, and the study of changes in composition for reaction with Con A. Con A coupled to Sepharose is routinely used for separation and purification. De-gas the medium slurry. 3. Eliminate air from the column dead spaces by flushing the end pieces

  2. Directions & Parking School of Information Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Directions & Parking School of Information Studies Syracuse University ­ Hinds Hall 100 University Street will be on your right.) Take Adams Street up the hill until it dead ends into Ostrom Avenue Take a right on Ostrom Avenue Take a right on Euclid Avenue Continue on Euclid across Comstock Avenue

  3. Saturday, February 1, 2014 Sign In | Regi Home > Power Products > Power and Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Saturday, February 1, 2014 Sign In | Regi Home > Power Products > Power and Control This article windmills can recharge a dead phone's battery - Electronic Products 2/1/2014http://www.electronicproducts.com/Power_Products/Power as an emergency source of green power. Now, while that description might seem a bit far-fetched, it is in fact

  4. Cooperative Cache Scrubbing Jennifer B. Sartor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinley, Kathryn S.

    Science Lab Belgium Stephen M. Blackburn Australian National University Australia Lieven Eeckhout Ghent memory sys- tems, leading to more energy consumption. However, we demon- strate that not all memory on these lines are dead - the program is guaranteed to never read them again. Furthermore, reading memory only

  5. Siphon-based characterization of liveness and liveness-enforcing supervision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    1 Siphon-based characterization of liveness and liveness-enforcing supervision for sequential of empty, or more generally, deadly marked siphon. The work presented in this paper seeks to develop ­ and in certain cases, empty ­ siphon. In this capacity, the pre- sented results allow also the extension

  6. Residential Burial in Global Perspective Ron L. Adams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheiber, Laura L.

    of the relationships between prehistoric peo- ples and their deceased forebears and the impact burials had on social and the dead and to explore the importance of social memory, social reproduction, relations of power, mortuary ritual, and social landscapes. [burial, ancestors, social reproduction, memory, landscapes

  7. Opening Statement Dr. Donald F. Boesch, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    and assessments of the impacts of oil spills and other long-term effects of offshore oil and gas development and bringing life back to the Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone. My remarks may be a bit more personal than those of my, but also on the social fabric of our community. I see it also as my responsibility to bring the insights

  8. Science, Service, Stewards hip Frequently Asked Questions about Marine Mammal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and dolphins) species in the Gulf of Mexico, several have been observed swimming through oil in both coastal found traveling, socializing, and feeding very close to shore and inland bays, sounds, and estuarine spill impact area, their death may be due to other factors. Samples are collected from dead and live

  9. Advisor : Dr. Jennifer Kay Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Jennifer S.

    Advisor : Dr. Jennifer Kay Department of Computer Science What Does It Do? Our robot can find its way out of a connected maze composed of straight hallways and right- angled turns. It will walk through a maze, following the wall to its right-hand side, negotiating left hand turns and dead ends

  10. Jionghua Jin1 Department of Industrial and Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shiyu

    , and the source consumption within the production run, and the long dead time present in a continuous process manufactur- ing process can be achieved by depositing a thin film into a large area of continuous roll process is normally conducted in a vacuum cham- ber. A flexible substrate is continuously transported

  11. See a sample reprint in PDF format. Order a reprint of this article now OPINION EUROPE DECEMBER 22, 2009, 5:20 P.M. ET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    -resistant construction and design has advanced considerably. · Warning systems. One reason the Indian Ocean tsunami Tsunami? Five years after the deadly wave in the Indian Ocean, our ability to forecast and warn understanding of their risks and how to reduce them through forecasting, warnings, and better tsunami

  12. Respect For Our Parents, and Thinking For Our Selves First, congratulations to all the graduates, and thank you for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairson, Harry

    it was a waste of my money." #12;And then, in a moment of inspiration, I added, "But I haven't decided yet whether it would be a waste of your money!" They exploded in outrage: "Are you kidding? Over our dead parents who created the subjects we study and who literally gave us food for thought, and inspired us

  13. Am. ~Iidl. Nal. 14:\\:-11-52 Bird Mortality Associated with Wind Turbines at the Buffalo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    238-w Am. ~Iidl. Nal. 14:\\:-11-52 Bird Mortality Associated with Wind Turbines at the Buffalo Ridge with these wind turbines (Nelson and Curry. 1995). Orloff and Flannery (1992) suggested that the hunting beha) sampled 359 wind turbines in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. California, and found 42 dead birds

  14. "Why is Science Important?" (Green Pod) Chaperone Facilitated Activities (Grades 5 8)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    pollution 1. Ask students to find the Green Pod exhibit titled "Testing... Metal Pollution." 2. Read they build up in the air, water, or soil, they can be deadly. Russ Flegal tests soil and water samples for toxic levels of lead and other metals. Dr. Flegal's tests have found metal pollution can come from some

  15. Shipping Biological Materials Quick Reference Guide Office of Environment, Health & Safety, 642-3073 Page 1 of 5 3/9/2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Infectious agents .................................................................... 3 Plants, plant materials/products, plant pests/pathogens, soil, biocontrol organisms.dhs.ca.gov/ps/dcdc/disb/disbindex.htm Animals (all living or dead vertebrates and invertebrates not known to contain an infectious agent) (for

  16. Thu, 3 Apr, 2014 0:10AM -Indian Markets open in 9 hrs and 5 mins Now, 'micro-windmills' to power your cellphone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Thu, 3 Apr, 2014 0:10AM - Indian Markets open in 9 hrs and 5 mins Now, 'micro-windmills' to power developed tiny "micro-windmills" that they have claimed can potentially revive the dead batteries of your cellphone in just a few minutes. The windmills created by the researchers at the University of Texas

  17. Researchers at the University of Texas (Arlington) have taken the windmill and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Researchers at the University of Texas (Arlington) have taken the windmill and miniaturized and J.-C Page 1 of 3Minuscule windmills can recharge a dead phone's battery - Electronic Products 2 this crazy concept, have done. Their micro-windmills measure approximately 1.8 mm in diameter -- about

  18. Stephen Blyth PUBLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    ), "Bayesian Meta-Analysis of Frequentist p-Values", Communications in Statistics, Theory and Methods, 27, 2707Stephen Blyth PUBLICATIONS I. STATISTICS Refereed journals [1] Blyth, S.J. and Smith, A.F.M. (1998-2724. [2] Blyth, S.J. (1995), "The Dead of the Gulag: An Experiment in Statistical Investigation", Applied

  19. Tendons, Concentric Tubes, and a Bevel Tip: Three Steerable Robots in One Transoral Lung Access System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tendons, Concentric Tubes, and a Bevel Tip: Three Steerable Robots in One Transoral Lung Access, and Robert J. Webster III1, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- Lung cancer is the most deadly form of cancer between-the-ribs needle insertion because it is less invasive and reduces risk of lung collapse. Yet many

  20. From Painting to Pixels: Expansionist Topoi in American Visual Culture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elston, Mary Melissa

    2014-05-23

    Digital representations of the mythic West abound, from Rockstar Games’ popular open-world Western, Red Dead Redemption, to free iPad and iPhone apps (Oregon Settler, Trade Nations Frontier). These virtual re-enactments use twenty-first century...

  1. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2002 Geological Society of America12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    ABSTRACT Since the early 1990s, sinkholes and wide, shallow subsidence features (WSSFs) have become major of the WSSFs fea- tures as predictable precursors to sinkhole formation. Keywords: consolidation, Dead Sea as gradual settling or as sudden, some- times catastrophic, collapse of the Earth's sur- face in sinkholes

  2. Viscoelastic damage modeling of sinkhole formation Eyal Shalev*, Vladimir Lyakhovsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

    Viscoelastic damage modeling of sinkhole formation Eyal Shalev*, Vladimir Lyakhovsky Geological 2012 Keywords: Sinkholes Damage Viscoelasticity Modeling a b s t r a c t The sinkholes along the Dead Sea coast are observed in two main sedimentary environments: alluvial fan sinkholes, which usually

  3. -A Science Service Feature Released uDon receipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    r y of ringing church-balls during thmderstorms. "The ringers i n the b e l f r i e s , 11 he says, b e r e so frequently struck dead by lightning that the Empress Maria Theresa, i n 1750, issued

  4. Swine Flu, Fiction or Reality Nabil A. NIMER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    symptoms, but can be deadly #12;H5N1 (avian flu) Can mutate rapidly Causes severe illness and can trigger a special inhaler used for five days. It can cause bronchospasm in some patients, thus not recommended for people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Why do we need ANTIBIOTICS in a pandemic

  5. Mathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbin, Raphaèle

    Mathematical study of a petroleum-engineering scheme Robert EYMARD , Rapha`ele HERBIN , and Anthony MICHEL October 8, 2002 Abstract Models of two phase flows in porous media, used in petroleum engineering are assumed to be incompressible and immiscible (the petroleum engineering "dead-oil" model). Let us

  6. GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-245 Fuel Load Modeling From Mensuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of this study was to model a dead fuel load based on forest mensuration attributes from forest management from management programs are an efficient and low-cost alternative for estimating forest fuel loadsGENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW-GTR-245 274 Fuel Load Modeling From Mensuration Attributes

  7. BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Eric L.

    interesting project to work on and for pulling me out of many dead­lock moments, but also for transmitting me Vision architectures which are space­variant, i.e. the local image resolution is a function of space transform, called the Exponential Chirp Transform (ECT), which provides frequency domain estimation of log

  8. Faculty of Sciences (2013 SNSFFunded Individual Projects)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    ) Ariztegui Daniel Dead Sea Deep Drilling Project: The Swiss contribution (DSDDP CH) Phase II 75 600 12 and combinatorial aspects of the SelfAvoiding Walk 513 666 36 Fontboté Lluis Fluids and ore forming processes quantum fluids 359 197 24 Giamarchi Thierry Finte temperature dynamical correlations in spin systems 126

  9. Issue: White fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus) has been found attacked by emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) by Don Cipollini, a professor at Wright State University in Ohio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    Issue: White fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus) has been found attacked by emerald ash borer been collected in areas where the abundance of dead ash trees suggest that local populations of EAB. To date, despite the loss of over 50 million ash trees in areas where lilac, privet and fringe trees

  10. Eos, Vol. 79, No. 42, October 20, 1998 Volcanic Ash Can Pose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thorsten W.

    Eos, Vol. 79, No. 42, October 20, 1998 Volcanic Ash Can Pose Hazards to Air Traffic PAGES 505 and potentially deadly problems that can arise from volcanic ash clouds. The clouds can rise into the cruise the ash. The ash can ruin planes, and cause loss of thrust and even flameouts. It also can slicken runways

  11. Why did warnings fail in Tacloban? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Joyce Melcar

    2014-11-27

    Despite the Philippine weather bureau’s accurate prediction of the strength and movement of Typhoon Haiyan (known in the Philippines as Yolanda), as well as the forecast of the storm surge accompanying it, Typhoon Haiyan left at least 6,300 dead...

  12. 2007 American Chemical Society ecent research, when considered as a whole,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    products. Combustion of living and dead or- ganisms, such as fossil-fuel consumption or biomass burning in the earth's atmosphere before 1950, beyond that methane and formaldehyde were present (1). The problems than those from petro- chemical production and use (7). Even in some ur- ban environments, biogenic VOC

  13. Parameterization of GDL Liquid Water Front Propagation and Channel Accumulation for Anode Purge Scheduling in Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    that was observed via neutron imaging of an operational 53 cm2 PEMFC. Simulation results for the GDL and Membrane]. In the anode channel of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) operating with a Dead-Ended Anode (DEA with coupled PDEs describing liquid and gas transport through the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) of a PEMFC, which

  14. Overview of the April 9th North Central Texas Wildfire Outbreak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    spread even in the presence of critical to extreme fire weather. The live to dead ratio is greater than Forest Service Fire Analyst II #12;Background and Purpose On April 9th , 2009, fire weather and wildland,924 acres. Numerous evacuations of homes, businesses, neighborhoods, and entire communities took place

  15. The Path to Disaster The Deepwater Horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pym, David J.

    was not disconnected · The escaping gas ignited · 11 dead · The drilling rig Deepwater Horizon sank after 2 days #1221/08/2013 1 The Path to Disaster The Deepwater Horizon BP's disaster in the Gulf of Mexico Industrial Psychology Research Centre 14th August, 2013 Transocean Deepwater Horizon #12;21/08/2013 2

  16. Structural analysis, design and evaluation of mock-up platform, monorail, and tank plate cut-out

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hundal, T.S.

    1995-12-19

    Platform - Structural analyses were performed for design seismic, live and dead load combinations for the freestanding platform over the partial DST mock-up section. The platform is to be used for Robotic ultrasonic inspection of the tank wall. It is a free standing structure anchored to floor slab with Hilti Kwik bolts.

  17. Weed Management in Organic Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    Weed Management in Organic Crops Research Results Update Bill Curran Penn State University #12;Weed management tactics for organic production · Crop rotation · Cover crops - dead mulches and green manures · Primary and secondary tillage · Irrigation and drainage · Crop residue management · Planting date

  18. Charm of Cambridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2013-08-07

    new building here or there, a refurbishment, a set of new cycle ways, but the deep grammar of colour and form is not totally altered. The tensions between an artificially preserved ‘heritage’ site, neat but dead on the one hand, or being...

  19. Biohazard Clean-up Why should you care about biohazard clean-up?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    , and cockroach urine and feces can contaminate play areas, toys, food contact surfaces, and utensils. Some with a vacuum or by sweeping. When complete, dispose of protective clothing and disinfect boots. Rodent attention to dead rodents, rodent nests, droppings, food, or items contaminated by rodents. Thoroughly soak

  20. CHAPITRE 4: CALCUL D'ITˆO Table des mati`eres 1. Intégrale d'Itô ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-11

    Pour u ? E, processus simple, et t ? s, il est facile de voir que: ..... (2) Pour tout n ? 1, the process (Mt?Tn )t?0 est une martingale uniformément intégrable ...... Dead: Still alive ! ... Ito, who still did not have a doctorate at this time, would ... scientists in physics, population genetics, stochastic control theory, and other natural ...

  1. Carthusian snail Monacha cartusiana Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    of live and dead plants (Taylor 1917). Biology The Carthusian snail is an air-breathing land snail. It inhabits sunny and dry bushes and grassy slopes, hedges and street sides in low altitudes (Anon.). After pest mollusks found in Michigan. Economic and environmental significance to Michigan This snail feeds

  2. Proceedings of PVP2006-ICPVT-11 2006 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of PVP2006-ICPVT-11 2006 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference July 23 response leading to large deformations. Some issues in measurement technique and validation testing are then presented. The importance of wave reflection from bends, valves and dead ends is discussed, as well

  3. GLOBAL STABILITY IN CHEMOSTAT-TYPE EQUATIONS WITH DISTRIBUTED DELAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruan, Shigui

    recycled after the death of the biomass by bacterial decomposition, and the second delay indicates process, thus neglecting the time required to regenerate the nutrient from the dead biomass by bacterial chemostat ex- periments with microalgae Chlamidomonas Reinhardii even when the limiting nutrient

  4. Social Media: Heat #HeatSafety #BeatTheHeat #SummerSafety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Facebook: Did you know the air temperature can actually feel hotter than what the thermometer reads to help the NWS build a WeatherReady Nation. Facebook: Heat is typically the leading cause.weather.gov/heat #HeatSafety #12; Facebook: Heat waves can be deadly! They can also happen anywhere in the U

  5. UNITED ST ATES: The Mari ne Fisheries Review, by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Is Dead 'Artificial Ocean' Will Test Oil-Spill Cleanup Methods NOAA Simplifies Ways to Calculate Tidal's Fisheries Offer Investment Opportunitie s South Korean Fishing Industry Grows Remarkably Taiwan: 400 Tuna Transplants Salmon Successfully in Atlantic South Pacific: Australia: Investment Prospects in Australia U. S

  6. cfchou@phys.sinica.edu.tw Global Warming -Lohachara Island by Robert Clemenzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yang-Yuan

    ;GISP2 (1991) #12;Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP2, 1991 GISP2 (1991) #12;#12;#12; #12; #12 307 SCIENCE p.706 #12;Three major warming signs: 1. Oregon Dead Zone 2. Namibia, Africa 3. Gulf The Geysers San Francisco, CA Solar power plants III-VII at Kramer Junction, CA #12; #12; #12

  7. A set of Formulae and Tables for the Actuarial Examinations is required.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    Markov model with constant transition rates is used to model three states of a pension scheme. The transition rates are: Active to Retired: 0.03 Active to Dead: 0.02 No other states or transitions of death from the active state in one year. [6 marks] (b) The employer wishes to grant a benefit of a whole

  8. Chasing the Trace of the Sacred: Postmodern Spiritualities in Contemporary American Fiction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sallah, Asmahan

    2011-10-21

    sacredness in creative memory and information systems. I analyze E.L. Doctorow’s (2000) City of God, Leslie Marmon Silko’s (1991) Almanac of the Dead, Richard Powers’(2006) Echo Maker, and William Gibson’s (1948) Neuromancer. In their quest for the sacred...

  9. Geek-Up[09.17.2010]-- Water Blades, Biomass Conversion and Antineutrino Detection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Scientists have engineered a blade of water that’s strong enough and fast enough to penetrate through steel, which will help soldiers in Afghanistan disable deadly IEDs, plus researchers are currently testing an aboveground water-based antineutrino detector that will improve monitoring capabilities at nuclear facilities.

  10. Proceedings of FuelCell2008 Sixth International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    structure of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) with a dead-ended anode is observed using for differentiating between anode and cathode water flooding. The rate of accumulation of anode liquid water, and its generation of a popular category of fuel cells depends on the proton-conducting properties of their polymer

  11. Modeling and Validation of Fuel Cell Water Dynamics using Neutron Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    the gas diffusion layer and flow channels of an operating polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC with the dynamic cell voltage response. The estimation of flooding and cell performance is achieved by a spatially. Neutron imaging techniques have never before been applied to characterize flooding with a dead-ended anode

  12. Alternative Lawns *Note:Price estimates are for seeds only.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    lawn with black plastic bags or old newspapers (10-12 pages thick) using rocks to secure,remove plastic bags. The newspaper will decompose with the dead grass providing a nutrient rich top layer. 1.4 Mulch with straw which has been cleaned,chopped,and is weed-free (do not use hay).5 Use a fine

  13. Escape From the Matrix: Lessons from a Case-Study in Access-Control Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Chart is Dead, Long Live the Org Chart. Security-requirements processes often start from whatever documentation an organization has available about the sys- tem to be secured and the staff who will use it [1, 3]. Or- ganizational charts are potentially useful starting points for specifying access control

  14. INTRODUCTION Mortality of tournament-caught black basses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, Richard E.

    of tournament-caught fish and provide formulae for calculating the sampling variances of these estimates. THE PROBLEM Consider the following hypothetical one-day fishing tournament. Three-hundred forty fish are captured and brought to weigh-in; 136 of these fish are judged to be alive and 204 are dead. Twenty live

  15. Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3 Daily Steps for Live Fish Care in BRF 221 and 223 Morning Feeding: Summary: Monday-Friday (7:00am - 10:00am disturbance to the fish after introducing the food). c. During the feeding process, make note of any dead fish

  16. ME 354, MECHANICS OF MATERIALS LABORATORY TIME-DEPENDENT DEFORMATION: CREEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    forces. Specifically, short-term creep tests will be used to identify constants in the 'min = Bn relation from long-term creep tests of this same alloy. EQUIPMENT · Constant gage section diameter sections-weight," lever arm creep test machine. · Various "dead-weight" masses of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 5.0 kg. · Timing

  17. Page 1 of 8 AN INNOVATIVE EXPERIMENTAL DEVICE TO CHARACTERIZE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to determine the residual capacity of aged specimens. This paper aims at describing the proposed creep test test configuration and the creep load was applied to the specimens by means of a sustained dead weightPage 1 of 8 AN INNOVATIVE EXPERIMENTAL DEVICE TO CHARACTERIZE THE CREEP BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE

  18. Home > News [-] Text [+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Imagine a polka-dotted postage stamp that can sniff out poisonous gases or deadly toxins a series of tiny colored dots ­ each a different pigment ­ on an inert backing such as paper, plastic brings us one step closer to having a small wearable sensor that can detect multiple airborne toxins

  19. Space Science Technology Health General Sci-fi & Gaming Oddities International Business Politics Education Entertainment Sports Electronic Nose Sniffs Out Toxic Gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    , 12:37 CDT Imagine a polka-dotted postage stamp that can sniff out poisonous gases or deadly toxins a series of tiny colored dots ­ each a different pigment ­ on an inert backing such as paper, plastic brings us one step closer to having a small wearable sensor that can detect multiple airborne toxins

  20. RSS Feeds Home Earth Heavens Body Brain Cu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    poisonous gases or deadly toxins simply by changing colors. As reported in the Sept. 13 issue of the journal of tiny colored dots ­ each a different pigment ­ on an inert backing such as paper, plastic or glass closer to having a small wearable sensor that can detect multiple airborne toxins." The handheld reader

  1. 516 NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | JULY 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics The value of the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    of the future Economists have often been criticized -- by physicists, among others -- for being overly formal the relative values of things at different times, say, now versus the future. What would you pay today to get, making the £100 still less valuable, as does uncertainty about the future; to be blunt, you might be dead

  2. C O R N E L L The Malcolm and Carolyn Wiener Laboratory for U N I V E R S I T Y Aegean and Near Eastern Dendrochronology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Sturt

    introduced to Janus, the Roman god of gates and doors, endings and beginnings, as shown on this Roman coin of the playwrights Sophocles left and Euripides right from the plaster cast of a double herm in Bonn (H. W. Sage, on the right. DIVI means Divine (thus that Augustus is dead). PP means Pater Patriae (that he was Father of his

  3. Rapid determination of earthquake magnitude using GPS for tsunami warning systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulds, James E.

    Rapid determination of earthquake magnitude using GPS for tsunami warning systems Geoffrey Blewitt Sumatra earthquake (Mw 9.2­9.3) generated the most deadly tsunami in history. Yet within the first hour, the true danger of a major oceanwide tsunami was not indicated by seismic magnitude estimates, which were

  4. Tetrachloroethylene Degradation by Dithionite with Ultraviolet Activation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jingyuan

    2013-07-30

    of the chamber to maintain the gas flow and minimize dead zones. Covers that contained palladium catalysts were installed in the front of fan boxes to convert the oxygen in the chamber into water by reacting with hydrogen. The catalysts were heated once a week...

  5. Evolutionary thinking and society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deadly? · Therapies: How to treat infections? · Vaccine: How to design a prevention? Chapter 1, Box 1 #12 is it so virulent? 2. Therapies: How to treat infected people? 3. Vaccine: How to design a vaccine machinery makes reverse transcriptase & protein coat Reassembly creates more virions Figure 1.3 mRNA #12;How

  6. CORRESPONDENCE CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 108, NO. 12, 25 JUNE 2015 2139

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giri, Ranjit K.

    mile-posts of the Industrial Revolution). This circumstance did not prevent India from building the Taj. Attempts at understanding this sort of question could help in triggering the revolution that India needs- pel globally. At the risk of beating a dead horse, let me briefly restate the obvious. The industrial

  7. NATURE METHODS | VOL.2 NO.10 | OCTOBER 2005 | 721 Of guinea pigs and men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and companies. To combat this problem, the United Kingdom passed laws making it easier to prosecute animal that included threats, explosives and the theft of a dead family member's remains.Such terrorist actionsandtheir sympathy, they have been successful at forcing individuals and companies to accede to their demands

  8. Extending the Personal Touch I n d i a n a U n i v e r s i t y P u r d u e U n i v e r s i t y F o r t Wa y n e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    No journey through life is smooth; problems always arise. When problems stop us dead in our tracks, we must's Oceanus Engine Company Firehouse, as evidenced by her assistance in dragging the pumper engine through, recalling mixed emotions from family, friends, and co-workers."My father did not know if I should be trying

  9. battery, map parcel, med

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Attic *** book teachest Servant dictionary scarf [11] Winery demijohn battery, map AuntLair X] EastAnnex battery[4] Cupboard2 [2] mask DeadEnd rucksack AlisonWriting [16] TinyBalcony [17] gold key. [2] Need new torch battery (see [4]) to enter. Then get painting. [3] To please aunt, must move

  10. Servant dictionary battery, map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Attic *** book teachest Servant dictionary scarf [11] Winery demijohn battery, map AuntLair X] EastAnnex battery[4] Cupboard2 [2] mask DeadEnd rucksack AlisonWriting [16] TinyBalcony [17] gold key. [2] Need new torch battery (see [4]) to enter. Then get painting. [3] To please aunt, must move

  11. Roger A. Pielke, Jr. LESSONS OF THE LAQUILA LAWSUIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    factor was the prediction of a pending large earthquake issued by Gioacchino Giuliani, who of earthquake prediction. For example, Nature reported that at the one-hour meeting the scientists made statements the officials had made prior to the deadly earthquake in April, 2009. On March 31, 2009, in L

  12. Double slotted socket spherical joint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-05-22

    A new class of spherical joints is disclosed. These spherical joints are capable of extremely large angular displacements (full cone angles in excess of 270.degree.), while exhibiting no singularities or dead spots in their range of motion. These joints can improve or simplify a wide range of mechanical devices.

  13. Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity versus turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Koven, C. D.; Chambers, J. Q.; Georgiou, K.; Knox, R.; Negron-Juarez, R.; Riley, W. J.; Arora, V. K.; Brovkin, V.; Friedlingstein, P.; Jones, C. D.

    2015-09-07

    To better understand sources of uncertainty in projections of terrestrial carbon cycle feedbacks, we present an approach to separate the controls on modeled carbon changes. We separate carbon changes into four categories using a linearized, equilibrium approach: those arising from changed inputs (productivity-driven changes), and outputs (turnover-driven changes), of both the live and dead carbon pools. Using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulations for five models, we find that changes to the live pools are primarily explained by productivity-driven changes, with only one model showing large compensating changes to live carbon turnover times. For dead carbon pools, themore »situation is more complex as all models predict a large reduction in turnover times in response to increases in productivity. This response arises from the common representation of a broad spectrum of decomposition turnover times via a multi-pool approach, in which flux-weighted turnover times are faster than mass-weighted turnover times. This leads to a shift in the distribution of carbon among dead pools in response to changes in inputs, and therefore a transient but long-lived reduction in turnover times. Since this behavior, a reduction in inferred turnover times resulting from an increase in inputs, is superficially similar to priming processes, but occurring without the mechanisms responsible for priming, we call the phenomenon "false priming", and show that it masks much of the intrinsic changes to dead carbon turnover times as a result of changing climate. These patterns hold across the fully coupled, biogeochemically coupled, and radiatively coupled 1 % yr?1 increasing CO2 experiments. We disaggregate inter-model uncertainty in the globally integrated equilibrium carbon responses to initial turnover times, initial productivity, fractional changes in turnover, and fractional changes in productivity. For both the live and dead carbon pools, inter-model spread in carbon changes arising from initial conditions is dominated by model disagreement on turnover times, whereas inter-model spread in carbon changes from fractional changes to these terms is dominated by model disagreement on changes to productivity in response to both warming and CO2 fertilization. However, the lack of changing turnover time control on carbon responses, for both live and dead carbon pools, in response to the imposed forcings may arise from a common lack of process representation behind changing turnover times (e.g., allocation and mortality for live carbon; permafrost, microbial dynamics, and mineral stabilization for dead carbon), rather than a true estimate of the importance of these processes.« less

  14. Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity vs. turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Koven, C. D.; Chambers, J. Q.; Georgiou, K.; Knox, R.; Negron-Juarez, R.; Riley, W. J.; Arora, V. K.; Brovkin, V.; Friedlingstein, P.; Jones, C. D.

    2015-04-16

    To better understand sources of uncertainty in projections of terrestrial carbon cycle feedbacks, we present an approach to separate the controls on modeled carbon changes. We separate carbon changes into 4 categories using a linearized, equilibrium approach: those arising from changed inputs (productivity-driven changes), and outputs (turnover-driven changes), and apply the analysis separately to the live and dead carbon pools. Using Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulations for 5 models, we find that changes to the live pools are primarily explained by productivity-driven changes, with only one model showing large compensating changes to live carbon turnover times. Formore »dead carbon pools, the situation is more complex as all models predict a large reduction in turnover times in response to increases in productivity. This responses arises from the common representation of a broad spectrum of decomposition turnover times via a multi-pool approach, in which flux-weighted turnover times are faster than mass-weighted turnover times. This leads to a shift in the distribution of carbon among dead pools in response to changes in inputs, and therefore a transient but long-lived reduction in turnover times in response to increases in productivity. Since this behavior, a reduction in inferred turnover times resulting from an increase in inputs, is superficially similar to priming processes, but occurring without the mechanisms responsible for priming, we call the phenomenon "false priming", and show that it masks much of the intrinsic changes to dead carbon turnover times as a result of changing climate. These patterns hold across the fully-coupled, biogeochemically-coupled, and radiatively-coupled 1% yr?1 increasing CO2 experiments. We disaggregate inter-model uncertainty in the globally-integrated equilibrium carbon responses to initial turnover times, inital productivity, fractional changes in turnover, and fractional changes in productivity. For both the live and dead carbon pools, inter-model spread in carbon changes arising from initial conditions is dominated by model disagreement on turnover times, whereas inter-model spread in carbon changes from fractional changes to these terms is dominated by model disagreement on changes to productivity in response to both warming and CO2 fertilization. However, the lack of changing turnover time control on carbon responses, for both live and dead carbon pools, in response to the imposed forcings may indicate a common lack of process representation behind changing turnover times (e.g., allocation and mortality for live carbon; permafrost, microbial dynamics, and mineral stabilization for dead carbon), rather than a true estimate of the uncertainty in these processes.« less

  15. COOPERATIVE LAND REUSE PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    1999-07-30

    The objective of this study was to determine what financial return, if any, DOE would realize if they invest solely in removal of the asbestos from these three Hanford steam plants and the associated large bore distribution piping at the site. Once the asbestos was removed the strategy was to bring in companies that specialize in salvage and material re-use and have them remove, at no cost to DOE, the plants and the associated large bore piping. The salvage companies we contacted had said that if they didn't have to remove asbestos, they may be able to realize enough value from these plants to offset their demolition and/or dismantling cost. The results were not what we expected but they do offer DOE some favorable financial alternatives to their present approach. The study concluded that there was very little salvage and/or re-use value remaining in the steam plant material that could be used to offset the demolition and/or dismantling cost. The notable exception to this is the removal of the 24 inch steam piping that runs from 200E to 200W areas (see IDM executive summary under Dismantling cost). It is estimated that the re-use value of the 24-inch piping would more than pay for the dismantling cost of this piping. On a more favorable note, it does appear as though the cost of conventional demolition can be reduced by a factor of 3 to 5 if the asbestos is removed first and the demolition is performed using competitive and commercial practices. Both estimates in this study are similar except that IDM did not include floor slab removal nor remove the same quantity of piping. This is why we are using a range of 3 to 5 as a reduction factor. The IDM estimate (using union labor) for demolition after removal of asbestos was approximately $1.5M versus $10.0M for accomplishing the work using Hanford practices and rates.

  16. High Occurrence of Aberrant Lymph Node Spread on Magnetic Resonance Lymphography in Prostate Cancer Patients With a Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meijer, Hanneke J.M., E-mail: H.Meijer@rther.umcn.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Lin, Emile N. van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Debats, Oscar A. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Witjes, J. Alfred [Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Span, Paul N.; Kaanders, Johannes H.A.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Barentsz, Jelle O. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2012-03-15

    Purpose: To investigate the pattern of lymph node spread in prostate cancer patients with a biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy, eligible for salvage radiotherapy; and to determine whether the clinical target volume (CTV) for elective pelvic irradiation in the primary setting can be applied in the salvage setting for patients with (a high risk of) lymph node metastases. Methods and Materials: The charts of 47 prostate cancer patients with PSA recurrence after prostatectomy who had positive lymph nodes on magnetic resonance lymphography (MRL) were reviewed. Positive lymph nodes were assigned to a lymph node region according to the guidelines of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) for delineation of the CTV for pelvic irradiation (RTOG-CTV). We defined four lymph node regions for positive nodes outside this RTOG-CTV: the para-aortal, proximal common iliac, pararectal, and paravesical regions. They were referred to as aberrant lymph node regions. For each patient, clinical and pathologic features were recorded, and their association with aberrant lymph drainage was investigated. The distribution of positive lymph nodes was analyzed separately for patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) <1.0 ng/mL. Results: MRL detected positive aberrant lymph nodes in 37 patients (79%). In 20 patients (43%) a positive lymph node was found in the pararectal region. Higher PSA at the time of MRL was associated with the presence of positive lymph nodes in the para-aortic region (2.49 vs. 0.82 ng/mL; p = 0.007) and in the proximal common iliac region (1.95 vs. 0.59 ng/mL; p = 0.009). There were 18 patients with a PSA <1.0 ng/mL. Ten of these patients (61%) had at least one aberrant positive lymph node. Conclusion: Seventy-nine percent of the PSA-recurrent patients had at least one aberrant positive lymph node. Application of the standard RTOG-CTV for pelvic irradiation in the salvage setting therefore seems to be inappropriate.

  17. EVAPORITE MICROBIAL FILMS, MATS, MICROBIALITES AND STROMATOLITES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brigmon, R; Penny Morris, P; Garriet Smith, G

    2008-01-28

    Evaporitic environments are found in a variety of depositional environments as early as the Archean. The depositional settings, microbial community and mineralogical composition vary significantly as no two settings are identical. The common thread linking all of the settings is that evaporation exceeds precipitation resulting in elevated concentrations of cations and anions that are higher than in oceanic systems. The Dead Sea and Storrs Lake are examples of two diverse modern evaporitic settings as the former is below sea level and the latter is a coastal lake on an island in the Caribbean. Each system varies in water chemistry as the Dead Sea dissolved ions originate from surface weathered materials, springs, and aquifers while Storrs Lake dissolved ion concentration is primarily derived from sea water. Consequently some of the ions, i.e., Sr, Ba are found at significantly lower concentrations in Storrs Lake than in the Dead Sea. The origin of the dissolved ions are ultimately responsible for the pH of each system, alkaline versus mildly acidic. Each system exhibits unique biogeochemical properties as the extreme environments select certain microorganisms. Storrs Lake possesses significant biofilms and stromatolitic deposits and the alkalinity varies depending on rainfall and storm activity. The microbial community Storrs Lake is much more diverse and active than those observed in the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea waters are mildly acidic, lack stromatolites, and possess a lower density of microbial populations. The general absence of microbial and biofilm fossilization is due to the depletion of HCO{sub 3} and slightly acidic pH.

  18. Combined Pharmacomechanical Thrombolysis of Complete Portomesenteric Thrombosis in a Liver Transplant Recipient

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lorenz, Jonathan M. Bennett, Shelby; Patel, Jay; Ha, Thuong G. Van; Funaki, Brian

    2013-01-30

    Treatment options for portomesenteric venous thrombosis range from anticoagulation to surgery, depending on chronicity, severity of symptoms, extent of thrombosis, and the availability of local expertise. For acute and subacute cases, a variety of endovascular options have been described in limited published series and case reports, including thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy. We report what is to our knowledge the first case in which the Trellis pharmacomechanical thrombolysis device was used successfully to treat complete acute thrombosis of the entire superior mesenteric vein and the entire portal vein with extension into all segmental intrahepatic portal branches in a young adult after liver transplantation. This device, coupled with adjunctive techniques using balloon catheters, facilitated complete restoration of flow, resulting in graft salvage and long-term patency.

  19. Successful Thrombolysis and Spasmolysis of Acute Leg Ischemia after Accidental Intra-arterial Injection of Dissolved Flunitrazepam Tablets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radeleff, B., E-mail: Boris_radeleff@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Stampfl, U.; Sommer, C.-M.; Bellemann, N. [University of Heidelberg, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Hyhlik-Duerr, A. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Germany); Weber, M.-A. [University of Heidelberg, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Boeckler, D. [University of Heidelberg, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Germany); Kauczor, H.-U. [University of Heidelberg, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2011-10-15

    A 37-year-old man with known intravenous drug abuse presented in the surgical ambulatory care unit with acute leg ischemia after accidental intra-arterial injection of dissolved flunitrazepam tablets into the right femoral artery. A combination of anticoagulation, vasodilatation, and local selective and superselective thrombolysis with urokinase was performed to salvage the leg. As a result of the severe ischemia-induced pain, the patient had to be monitored over the complete therapy period on the intensive care unit with permanent administration of intravenous fluid and analgetics. We describe the presenting symptoms and the interventional technique, and we discuss the recent literature regarding the management of accidental intra-arterial injection of dissolved flunitrazepam tablets.

  20. High-speed photography of the first hydrogen-bomb explosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brixner, B.

    1992-09-01

    Obtaining detailed photographs of the early stages of the first hydrogen bomb explosion in 1952 posed a number of problems. First, it was necessary to invent a continuous-access camera which could solve the problem that existing million-picture-per-second cameras were blind most of the time. The solution here was to alter an existing camera design so that two modified cameras could be mounted around a single high-speed rotating mirror. A second problem, acquiring the necessary lenses of precisely specified focal lengths, was solved by obtaining a large number of production lenses from war surplus salvage. A third hurdle to be overcome was to test the new camera at an A-bomb explosion. Finally, it was necessary to solve the almost impossible difficulty of building a safe camera shelter close to a megaton explosion. This paper describes the way these problems were solved. Unfortunately the successful pictures that were taken are sill classified.

  1. High-speed photography of the first hydrogen-bomb explosion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brixner, B.

    1992-01-01

    Obtaining detailed photographs of the early stages of the first hydrogen bomb explosion in 1952 posed a number of problems. First, it was necessary to invent a continuous-access camera which could solve the problem that existing million-picture-per-second cameras were blind most of the time. The solution here was to alter an existing camera design so that two modified cameras could be mounted around a single high-speed rotating mirror. A second problem, acquiring the necessary lenses of precisely specified focal lengths, was solved by obtaining a large number of production lenses from war surplus salvage. A third hurdle to be overcome was to test the new camera at an A-bomb explosion. Finally, it was necessary to solve the almost impossible difficulty of building a safe camera shelter close to a megaton explosion. This paper describes the way these problems were solved. Unfortunately the successful pictures that were taken are sill classified.

  2. Multifocal Glioblastoma Multiforme: Prognostic Factors and Patterns of Progression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showalter, Timothy N.; Andrel, Jocelyn; Andrews, David W.; Curran, Walter J.; Daskalakis, Constantine; Werner-Wasik, Maria

    2007-11-01

    Purpose: To assess the progression patterns in patients with multifocal glioblastoma multiforme who had undergone whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), the historical standard, versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, and to identify predictive treatment and pretreatment factors. Methods and Materials: The records of 50 patients with multifocal glioblastoma multiforme treated with RT were reviewed. Univariate analyses were performed using survival methods and the Cox proportional hazards regression method. Multivariate analyses were performed using the Cox proportional hazards regression method. Results: The mean age was 61 years, and 71% had a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score of {>=}70. Of the 50 patients, 32% underwent WBRT and 68%, three-dimensional conformal RT. Progression was local in all evaluable patients, as determined by imaging in 38 patients and early neurologic progression in 12. The median time to progression (TTP) was 3.1 months, and the median survival time (MST) was 8.1 months. The significant independent predictors of TTP on multivariate analysis were a KPS score <70 (p = 0.001), the extent of surgery (p = 0.040), a radiation dose <60 Gy (p = 0.027), and the lack of chemotherapy (p = 0.001). The significant independent predictors of a reduced MST were a KPS score <70 (p = 0.022) and the absence of salvage surgery (p = 0.011) and salvage chemotherapy (p = 0.003). Conclusion: Local progression was observed in all patients. On multivariate analysis, no significant difference was found in the TTP or MST between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and WBRT. The KPS was a consistent independent predictor of both TTP and MST. On the basis of the progression pattern, we do not recommend WBRT as a mandatory component of the treatment of multifocal glioblastoma multi0011for.

  3. Concurrent Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Bevacizumab in Recurrent Malignant Gliomas: A Prospective Trial

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabrera, Alvin R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Cuneo, Kyle C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Desjardins, Annick [Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Sampson, John H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); McSherry, Frances; Herndon, James E. [Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Peters, Katherine B. [Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Allen, Karen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Hoang, Jenny K. [Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Chang, Zheng; Craciunescu, Oana [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Vredenburgh, James J.; Friedman, Henry S. [Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Kirkpatrick, John P., E-mail: john.kirkpatrick@dm.duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Purpose: Virtually all patients with malignant glioma (MG) eventually recur. This study evaluates the safety of concurrent stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and bevacizumab (BVZ), an antiangiogenic agent, in treatment of recurrent MG. Methods and Materials: Fifteen patients with recurrent MG, treated at initial diagnosis with surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy/temozolomide and then at least 1 salvage chemotherapy regimen, were enrolled in this prospective trial. Lesions <3 cm in diameter were treated in a single fraction, whereas those 3 to 5 cm in diameter received 5 5-Gy fractions. BVZ was administered immediately before SRS and 2 weeks later. Neurocognitive testing (Mini-Mental Status Exam, Trail Making Test A/B), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-Br) quality-of-life assessment, physical exam, and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) were performed immediately before SRS and 1 week and 2 months following completion of SRS. The primary endpoint was central nervous system (CNS) toxicity. Secondary endpoints included survival, quality of life, microvascular properties as measured by DCE-MRI, steroid usage, and performance status. Results: One grade 3 (severe headache) and 2 grade 2 CNS toxicities were observed. No patients experienced grade 4 to 5 toxicity or intracranial hemorrhage. Neurocognition, quality of life, and Karnofsky performance status did not change significantly with treatment. DCE-MRI results suggest a significant decline in tumor perfusion and permeability 1 week after SRS and further decline by 2 months. Conclusions: Treatment of recurrent MG with concurrent SRS and BVZ was not associated with excessive toxicity in this prospective trial. A randomized trial of concurrent SRS/BVZ versus conventional salvage therapy is needed to establish the efficacy of this approach.

  4. Alternative Techniques for Treatment of Complex Below-the Knee Arterial Occlusions in Diabetic Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gandini, Roberto; Uccioli, Luigi; Spinelli, Alessio; Del Giudice, Costantino Ros, Valerio Da; Volpi, Tommaso; Meloni, Marco; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2013-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to describe alternative endovascular (EV) techniques and assess their feasibility and efficacy in minimizing failure rates in limb salvage for the treatment of complex below-the knee (BTK) occlusions that could not be crossed with a conventional antegrade access. Between December 2007 and November 2010, 1,035 patients (557 male) underwent EV treatment for critical limb ischemia in our institution. In 124 (12% [83 male], mean age 68.2 {+-} 0.5 years) patients, transfemoral antegrade revascularization attempt failed, and an alternative approach was used. Follow-up was performed at 1 and 6 months. Results were compared with 56 patients treated between November 2002 and November 2007, in whom conventional technique was unsuccessful and unconventional techniques were not adopted. Technical success was achieved in 119 (96%) patients. The limb-salvage rates were 96.8% and 83% at 1- and 6-month follow-up, respectively. Sixteen (12.9%) and 33 (26.6%) patients underwent reintervention at 1- and 6-month follow-up, respectively. Transcutaneous oxygen tension increased at 1 month (44.7 {+-} 1.1 vs. 15.7 {+-} 0.8 mmHg; p < 0.001) and remained stable at follow-up. Twenty (16.1%) patients required major amputation. Thirteen (10.4%) patients died during follow-up. In our previous experience, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty failure, amputation, and death rates were 10.9, 39.2, and 23.2%, respectively. Alternative techniques allowed a significant decrease of major amputation and death rates (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.02, respectively). The use of alternative techniques seems feasible in case of a failed antegrade BTK revascularization attempt and could minimize failure rates in the treatment of complex occlusions while providing satisfying clinical success rates at 6 months.

  5. Long-Term Outcomes of Vestibular Schwannomas Treated With Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy: An Institutional Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, Sumit; Batra, Sachin [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carson, Kathryn [Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States); Shuck, John; Kharkar, Siddharth; Gandhi, Rahul [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Jackson, Juan; Wemmer, Jan; Terezakis, Stephanie; Shokek, Ori; Kleinberg, Lawrence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Rigamonti, Daniele, E-mail: dr@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Purpose: We assessed clinical outcome and long-term tumor control after fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for unilateral schwannoma. Methods and Materials: Between 1995 and 2007, 496 patients were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD); 385 patients had radiologic follow-up that met the inclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was treatment failure. Secondary endpoints were radiologic progression and clinical outcome. Logistic regression analysis assessed the association of age, race, tumor side, sex, and pretreatment symptoms. Results: In 11 patients (3%) treatment failed, and they required salvage (microsurgical) treatment. Radiologic progression was observed in 116 patients (30.0%), including 35 patients (9%) in whom the treatment volume more than doubled during the follow-up period, although none required surgical resection. Tumors with baseline volumes of less than 1 cm{sup 3} were 18.02 times more likely to progress than those with tumor volumes of 1 cm{sup 3} or greater (odds ratio, 18.02; 95% confidence interval, 4.25-76.32). Treatment-induced neurologic morbidity included 8 patients (1.6%) with new facial weakness, 12 patients (2.8%) with new trigeminal paresthesias, 4 patients (0.9%) with hydrocephalus (1 communicating and 3 obstructive), and 2 patients (0.5%) with possibly radiation-induced neoplasia. Conclusions: Although the rate of treatment failure is low (3%), careful follow-up shows that radiologic progression occurs frequently. When reporting outcome, the 'no salvage surgery needed' and 'no additional treatment needed' criteria for treatment success need to be complemented by the radiologic data.

  6. Homogenous charge compression ignition engine having a cylinder including a high compression space

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Agama, Jorge R.; Fiveland, Scott B.; Maloney, Ronald P.; Faletti, James J.; Clarke, John M.

    2003-12-30

    The present invention relates generally to the field of homogeneous charge compression engines. In these engines, fuel is injected upstream or directly into the cylinder when the power piston is relatively close to its bottom dead center position. The fuel mixes with air in the cylinder as the power piston advances to create a relatively lean homogeneous mixture that preferably ignites when the power piston is relatively close to the top dead center position. However, if the ignition event occurs either earlier or later than desired, lowered performance, engine misfire, or even engine damage, can result. Thus, the present invention divides the homogeneous charge between a controlled volume higher compression space and a lower compression space to better control the start of ignition.

  7. Optical coupler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Majewski, Stanislaw; Weisenberger, Andrew G.

    2004-06-15

    In a camera or similar radiation sensitive device comprising a pixilated scintillation layer, a light guide and an array of position sensitive photomultiplier tubes, wherein there exists so-called dead space between adjacent photomultiplier tubes the improvement comprising a two part light guide comprising a first planar light spreading layer or portion having a first surface that addresses the scintillation layer and optically coupled thereto at a second surface that addresses the photomultiplier tubes, a second layer or portion comprising an array of trapezoidal light collectors defining gaps that span said dead space and are individually optically coupled to individual position sensitive photomultiplier tubes. According to a preferred embodiment, coupling of the trapezoidal light collectors to the position sensitive photomultiplier tubes is accomplished using an optical grease having about the same refractive index as the material of construction of the two part light guide.

  8. Optimization of a low noise detection circuit for probing the structure of damage cascades with IBIC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Auden, Elizabeth C.; Doyle, Barney L.; Bielejec, Edward; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Wampler, William R.

    2015-06-18

    Optimal detector / pre-amplifier combinations have been identified for the use of light ion IBIC (ion beam induced charge) to probe the physical structure of electrically active defects in damage cascades caused by heavy ion implantation. The ideal detector must have a sufficiently thin dead layer that incident ions will produce the majority of damage cascades in the depletion region of the detector rather than the dead layer. Detector and circuit noise must be low enough to detect the implantation of a single heavy ion as well as the decrease in the light ion IBIC signal caused by Shockley-Read-Hall recombinationmore »when the beam scans regions of the detector damaged by the heavy ion. The IBIC signals from three detectors irradiated with 750 keV He? ions are measured with commercial and bespoke charge sensitive pre-amplifiers to identify the combination with the lowest noise.« less

  9. Variable valve timing in a homogenous charge compression ignition engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Keith E.; Faletti, James J.; Funke, Steven J.; Maloney, Ronald P.

    2004-08-03

    The present invention relates generally to the field of homogenous charge compression ignition engines, in which fuel is injected when the cylinder piston is relatively close to the bottom dead center position for its compression stroke. The fuel mixes with air in the cylinder during the compression stroke to create a relatively lean homogeneous mixture that preferably ignites when the piston is relatively close to the top dead center position. However, if the ignition event occurs either earlier or later than desired, lowered performance, engine misfire, or even engine damage, can result. The present invention utilizes internal exhaust gas recirculation and/or compression ratio control to control the timing of ignition events and combustion duration in homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Thus, at least one electro-hydraulic assist actuator is provided that is capable of mechanically engaging at least one cam actuated intake and/or exhaust valve.

  10. A kinetic model of tumor growth and its radiation response with an application to Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanabe, Yoichi; Leder, Kevin Z; Hui, Susanta K

    2015-01-01

    We developed a mathematical model to simulate the growth of tumor volume and its response to a single fraction of high dose irradiation. We made several key assumptions of the model. Tumor volume is composed of proliferating (or dividing) cancer cells and non-dividing (or dead) cells. Tumor growth rate (or tumor volume doubling time, Td) is proportional to the ratio of the volumes of tumor vasculature and the tumor. The vascular volume grows slower than the tumor by introducing the vascular growth retardation factor, theta. Upon irradiation the proliferating cells gradually die over a fixed time period after irradiation. Dead cells are cleared away with cell clearance time, Tcl. The model was applied to simulate pre-treatment growth and post-treatment radiation response of rat rhabdomyosarcoma tumor and metastatic brain tumors of five patients who were treated by Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKSRS). By selecting appropriate model parameters, we showed the temporal variation of the tumors for both th...

  11. Brown blob (algae?) (Native) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    | pg. 20 cientists at three Texas universities investigating golden algae, its explosive growth, and its deadly toxins have dis- covered an apparent competition between golden algae and blue green algae in certain Texas lakes. Understanding... this competition could lead them closer to controlling this harmful algae, the researchers said. ?Our biggest finding so far,? said Dr. Daniel Roelke of Texas AgriLife Research and one of the investigators, ?is that there appears to be a chemical warfare...

  12. Pathogenicity of Pasteurella multiocida isolated from various animal sources for the domestic turkey and mice 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villegas Narvaez, Pedro

    1971-01-01

    the soil, equipment, feed and water and thus perpetuate the infection in a flock. Eating of dead birds serves to continue the chain of infection. There is no evidence the disease is egg transmitted. Recovered birds remain carriers. Complete depopulation... of the farm is essential to eliminate carriers, but the disease does recur on farms that have been complet, ely depopulated. The prevention of the disease is based on management prac- tices, use of vaccines (bacterins) and/or the use of continuous...

  13. A review of "Royal Survivor: A Life of Charles II." by Stephen Coote 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan N.S. Gooch

    2002-01-01

    still monarch is, in many ways, re- markable; good luck and wily management were locked in serious struggle with stubbornness, bouts of dangerous ineptitude, and numerous forays in social and diplomatic impropriety. Coote spares few sensibilities...) in the Boscobel oak tree (see 107- 8) is part of the story?and it has all the marks of deadly suspense, intrigue, and danger, stunningly reminding the reader just how close the Cromwellian side came to eliminating any chance of Charles? restoration. Chapter Six...

  14. Extending operating range of a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine via cylinder deactivation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hergart, Carl-Anders (Peoria, IL); Hardy, William L. (Peoria, IL); Duffy, Kevin P. (Metamora, IL); Liechty, Michael P. (Chillicothe, IL)

    2008-05-27

    An HCCI engine has the ability to operate over a large load range by utilizing a lower cetane distillate diesel fuel to increase ignition delay. This permits more stable operation at high loads by avoidance of premature combustion before top dead center. During low load conditions, a portion of the engines cylinders are deactivated so that the remaining cylinders can operate at a pseudo higher load while the overall engine exhibits behavior typical of a relatively low load.

  15. Effects of defoliation frequency and intensity on production of four burned and unburned bushed grassland communities in south central Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Too, Daniel Kipkoech

    1985-01-01

    ) and all communities by treatment and defoliation intensity and treatment within burned and unburned plots on the National Range Research Station, Kiboko, Kenya 32 5 Community X treatment interaction for total production (1982 + 1983) at the National... Station, Kiboko, Kenya 40 LID' OF FIGURES Continued Page 10 Phytomass (live + dead) across all communities by sea- son (1982), treatment and defoliation intensity within burned and unburned plots on the National Range Research Station, Kiboko, Kenya...

  16. To Seek the Boundaries of the Roman Lares: Interaction and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Mariah Elaine

    2009-04-28

    could setle herself, as it were, in a captured home? What is more sacred, what is more protected by all religious reverence than the house of each and every citizen?? (Ista tua pulcra Libertas deos penates et familiares meos lares expulit, ut se ipsa... the potential asociations with the dead at the crosroads to be secondary. Daniel Harmon explains that it may have ben these very asociations which confused Macrobius and Festus into thinking that the Lares of the Compitalia festival...

  17. Cytometer LASER (nm) Detector range Fluorochrome Names check LSRII-A UV 355 A 505-550 Indo-1 (Blue)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cytometer LASER (nm) Detector range Fluorochrome Names check LSRII-A UV 355 A 505-550 Indo-1 (Blue) B 420-460 Live Dead UV Blue Alexa 350 DAPI Indo-1(Violet) Hoechst 33342 C - empty Violet 405 A 505-550 Pac. Orange V500 VioGreen BVio 510 Viability Dye eF506 Alexa 430 Sapphire B 420-460 Pac. Blue eF450 V

  18. Guilt by Association: United States Ties and Vulnerability to Transnational Terrorist Attacks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warhol, Matthew Grant

    2011-02-22

    were killed and more than 1,200 were injured by deadly terrorist attacks on commuter trains and stations in Madrid. These attacks had an enormous impact on the citizens of Spain, as well as the entire international community. The Madrid bombings... in its ?War on Terror? may carry additional costs. One unanticipated effect of these attacks was the victory of the Socialists over the ruling Partido Popular party in Spain in the next election. More importantly, this occurrence led to a sharp...

  19. Fabrication and Performance Tests of a Segmented P-Type HPGe Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George S. King III; Frank T. Avignone III; Christopher E. Cox; Todd W. Hossbach; Wayne Jennings; James H. Reeves

    2007-05-31

    A p-type HPGe detector has been segmented by cutting, with a diamond saw, and etching six circumferential grooves through the Li-diffused dead layer. The degree of segmentation was tested with the 88 keV gamma rays from a well-collimated source of 109Cd. The fraction of events, recognized as occurring in more than one segment, and rejected from the energy interval 2038 +/- 5 keV, was measured as 0.59.

  20. The relationship of Hexamita sp. to mortalities of the Texas commerical oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin), maintained under laboratory conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlicht, Frank Glovis

    1963-01-01

    ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . ~ 46 ~ ~ ~ 49 vii FIGURE IUDEX Figure Percent of Oyster Deaths and Percent Dead Oysters Examined by Smear Found to be Infected with Hexamita in Group Page I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 20 Day-By-Day Mortality of Oysters and Levels of Infection of Hexamita in Group Ios ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ e ~ . ~ o ~ 21 Percent of Oyster Deaths and Percent Deed Oysters Examined by Smear...

  1. The effects of poliomyelitis on motor unit behavior during repetitive muscle actions: a case report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, Michael A.; Herda, Trent J.

    2014-09-06

    a 5 pin surface array sensor (Delsys, Boston, MA). Prior to sensor placement, the surface of the skin was prepared by shaving, removing superficial dead skin with adhesive tape, and sterilized with an alcohol swab. In addition, EMG signals must... successfully pass the Delsys Signal Quality Check (SQC) prior to the recording of EMG for decomposition. The SQC requires the signal to noise ratio to be > 2, baseline noise square, and line interference < 1.0 (normalized magnitude power...

  2. Textual pantheism: an examination of the influence of Spinozian pantheism on the English romantics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooton, William Ross

    1998-01-01

    has passed since Nietszche declared that "God is dead, " the debate over the dispersion of the social power centralized in the sign of God continues. A philosopher may, of course, make such an assertion even while the mass of humanity may still...L The removal of a major source of metaphysical confusion and heated debate (including violence, bloodshed, and war) so that a more concrete and concerted effort to work out individual, community, and world problems might be engaged represents a humanist...

  3. Memorial Day

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5, 1868, the head of an organization of Union veterans, the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan declared that Decoration Day should be observed on May 30. It is believed that date was chosen because flowers would be in bloom all over the country.

  4. A golden opportunity: Researchers making progress in understanding toxic algae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01

    | pg. 20 cientists at three Texas universities investigating golden algae, its explosive growth, and its deadly toxins have dis- covered an apparent competition between golden algae and blue green algae in certain Texas lakes. Understanding... this competition could lead them closer to controlling this harmful algae, the researchers said. ?Our biggest finding so far,? said Dr. Daniel Roelke of Texas AgriLife Research and one of the investigators, ?is that there appears to be a chemical warfare...

  5. Texas Poultry Pest Control Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Carey, John B.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

    1999-06-01

    rats and varmints 41% Rigid sanitation 32% Fly traps 11% Segregation of infectedanimals 6% Fly parasites 3% Electrified screens 1% 6 damage were northern fowl mites and house flies. The 1996 survey asked respon- dents how fire ants had affected... weeds to reduce fly habitat, disposing of dead birds properly and practicing rigid sanitation. Of the 1996 survey participants, 81 percent reported using some type of insecticide to protect their birds or poultry facilities from insect pests...

  6. Firearms Qualification Courses Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) requires all protective force personnel authorized to carry firearms to receive proper firearms training and qualification. The most important part of such training is the proper use of deadly force, which is included in the DOE Basic Security policy officer Program and is available as a separate program through the Safeguards and Security Central Training Academy. Canceled by DOE M 473.2-1 dated 07/08/1997.

  7. Cytosolic PrP Can Participate in Prion-Mediated Toxicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thackray, Alana; Zhang, Chang; Arndt, Tina; Bujdoso, Raymond

    2014-05-07

    conditions include scrapie of sheep, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) of cattle, 77 Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) of humans and Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) of cervids. 78 Susceptibility to prion disease requires expression of the host... genotype were 268 housed in groups of 10 and the flies were flipped every 2 to 3 days onto fresh food. The 269 number of dead flies was recorded three times a week (45). Survival curves were calculated 270 using Kaplan-Meier plots and differences between...

  8. Representación y justicia en Manda patibularia de Santiago García

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garavito, Lucí a

    2001-04-01

    Samper, ha llevado a un profundo cuestionamiento de los parámetros del ejercicio de la justicia en Colombia. Igualmente, la difusión de las ideas de Michel Foucault en el país - Disciplina y castigo en particular -, el film Dead Man Walking de Tim... (también propuesto en improvisaciones) creaba la sensación laberíntica del panóptico con el reo confinado bajo tierra. (10-1) El panóptico es una construcción ideada por Jeremy Bentham en el siglo XIX. Foucault la describe en Disciplina y castigo como un...

  9. Design considerations for inverters in fluid flow control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guggari, Mallappa Ishwarappa

    1989-01-01

    . 18 power circuit of current source inverter 3. 19 Output waveforms of current source inverter 5. 1 Response of fluid flow control system to a ramp reference input . 5. 2 Load torque and acceleration torque characteristics with centrifugal pump.... The process industry specifications for flow control have also become stringent, demanding an alternative to throttle valve control system, which is plagued with problems like poor dynamic response, dead- band, etc. In the literature, most of the attention...

  10. Incorporation of reactive magnesia and quicklime in sustainable binders for soil stabilisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Kai; Jin, Fei; Al-Tabbaa, Abir; Shi, Bin; Liu, Chun; Gao, Lei

    2015-05-27

    strength, volume stability, durability and permeability. The primary mechanism of soil stabilisation with PC is through the hydration of PC which leads to the formation of cementitious calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H), calcium aluminate hydrates (C... which leads to expansion and cracking of cement and concrete through the delayed hydration. Reactive MgOs have much higher reactivity than dead burned MgO and hence faster hydration rate. On the other hand, given the different origins and production...

  11. Managing Nuisance Odor and Dust from Poultry Growing Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Lacey, Ron; Carey, John B.

    2001-08-08

    in a covered container and transport them to the disposal facility or composting facility immediately. Composting and storing litter Composting litter and dead birds reduces both odor and the volume of waste generated. If you operate your own litter... storage and composting facility, make sure all farm workers who will handle or transport litter are properly trained. While a well-run composting system reduces odor, an improperly run system may actually cause more odor problems. 7-01 Managing Nuisance...

  12. Sensitivity analysis of Stirling engine design parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naso, V.; Dong, W.; Lucentini, M.; Capata, R.

    1998-07-01

    In the preliminary Stirling engine design process, the values of some design parameters (temperature ratio, swept volume ratio, phase angle and dead volume ratio) have to be assumed; as a matter of fact it can be difficult to determine the best values of these parameters for a particular engine design. In this paper, a mathematical model is developed to analyze the sensitivity of engine's performance variations corresponding to variations of these parameters.

  13. Distribution patterns of living and subfossil podocopid ostracodes in the Nosy Bé area, northern Madagascar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddocks, R. F.

    1966-12-09

    sediments are derived not only from indigenous populations but from littoral and shallow-water environments also, in varying proportions not highly correlated with relative abundance in life. Several possible criteria for recognizing indigenous species... of possible shallow-water marine fossil assem- blages resulting from burial of a life assemblage, transportation of dead remains, or some combina- tion of these processes, and listed potentially use- ful criteria for determining the environmental setting...

  14. Half-life determination for {sup 108}Ag and {sup 110}Ag

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zahn, Guilherme S.; Genezini, Frederico A.

    2014-11-11

    In this work, the half-life of the short-lived silver radionuclides {sup 108}Ag and {sup 110}Ag were measured by following the activity of samples after they were irradiated in the IEA-R1 reactor. The results were then fitted using a non-paralizable dead time correction to the regular exponential decay and the individual half-life values obtained were then analyzed using both the Normalized Residuals and the Rajeval techniques, in order to reach the most exact and precise final values. To check the validity of dead-time correction, a second correction method was also employed by means of counting a long-lived {sup 60}Co radioactive source together with the samples as a livetime chronometer. The final half-live values obtained using both dead-time correction methods were in good agreement, showing that the correction was properly assessed. The results obtained are partially compatible with the literature values, but with a lower uncertainty, and allow a discussion on the last ENSDF compilations' values.

  15. LX-17 Corner-Turning and Reactive Flow Failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souers, P C; Andreski, H; Cook III, C F; Garza, R; Pastrone, R; Phillips, D; Roeske, F; Vitello, P; Molitoris, J

    2004-03-11

    We have performed a series of highly-instrumented experiments examining corner-turning of detonation. A TATB booster is inset 15 mm into LX-17 (92.5% TATB, 7.5% kel-F) so that the detonation must turn a right angle around an air well. An optical pin located at the edge of the TATB gives the start time of the corner-turn. The breakout time on the side and back edges is measured with streak cameras. Three high-resolution X-ray images were taken on each experiment to examine the details of the detonation. We have concluded that the detonation cannot turn the corner and subsequently fails, but the shock wave continues to propagate in the unreacted explosive, leaving behind a dead zone. The detonation front farther out from the corner slowly turns and eventually reaches the air well edge 180{sup o} from its original direction. The dead zone is stable and persists 7.7 {micro}s after the corner-turn, although it has drifted into the original air well area. Our regular reactive flow computer models sometimes show temporary failure but they recover quickly and are unable to model the dead zones. We present a failure model that cuts off the reaction rate below certain detonation velocities and reproduces the qualitative features of the corner-turning failure.

  16. DUST TRANSPORT IN PROTOSTELLAR DISKS THROUGH TURBULENCE AND SETTLING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, N. J.; Carballido, A. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Sano, T., E-mail: neal.turner@jpl.nasa.go [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2010-01-01

    We apply ionization balance and magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) calculations to investigate whether magnetic activity moderated by recombination on dust grains can account for the mass accretion rates and the mid-infrared spectra and variability of protostellar disks. The MHD calculations use the stratified shearing-box approach and include grain settling and the feedback from the changing dust abundance on the resistivity of the gas. The two-decade spread in accretion rates among solar-mass T Tauri stars is too large to result solely from variations in the grain size and stellar X-ray luminosity, but can plausibly be produced by varying these parameters together with the disk magnetic flux. The diverse shapes and strengths of the mid-infrared silicate bands can come from the coupling of grain settling to the distribution of the magnetorotational turbulence, through the following three effects. First, recombination on grains 1 mum or smaller yields a magnetically inactive dead zone extending more than two scale heights from the midplane, while turbulent motions in the magnetically active disk atmosphere overshoot the dead zone boundary by only about one scale height. Second, grains deep in the dead zone oscillate vertically in wave motions driven by the turbulent layer above, but on average settle at the rates found in laminar flow, so that the interior of the dead zone is a particle sink and the disk atmosphere will become dust-depleted unless resupplied from elsewhere. Third, with sufficient depletion, the dead zone is thinner and mixing dredges grains off the midplane. The last of these processes enables evolutionary signatures such as the degree of settling to sometimes decrease with age. The MHD results also show that the magnetic activity intermittently lifts clouds of small grains into the atmosphere. Consequently the photosphere height changes by up to one-third over timescales of a few orbits, while the extinction along lines of sight grazing the disk surface varies by factors of 2 over times down to a tenth of an orbit. We suggest that the changing shadows cast by the dust clouds on the outer disk are a cause of the daily to monthly mid-infrared variability found in many young stars.

  17. Evaluation of the Prostate Bed for Local Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy Using Endorectal Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liauw, Stanley L., E-mail: sliauw@radonc.uchicago.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Pitroda, Sean P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Eggener, Scott E. [Department of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Stadler, Walter M. [Department of Medical Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Pelizzari, Charles A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Vannier, Michael W.; Oto, Aytek [Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (United States)

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: To summarize the results of a 4-year period in which endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was considered for all men referred for salvage radiation therapy (RT) at a single academic center; to describe the incidence and location of locally recurrent disease in a contemporary cohort of men with biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy (RP), and to identify prognostic variables associated with MRI findings in order to define which patients may have the highest yield of the study. Methods and Materials: Between 2007 and 2011, 88 men without clinically palpable disease underwent eMRI for detectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after RP. The median interval between RP and eMRI was 32 months (interquartile range, 14-57 months), and the median PSA level was 0.30 ng/mL (interquartile range, 0.19-0.72 ng/mL). Magnetic resonance imaging scans consisting of T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted, and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging were evaluated for features consistent with local recurrence. The prostate bed was scored from 0-4, whereby 0 was definitely normal, 1 probably normal, 2 indeterminate, 3 probably abnormal, and 4 definitely abnormal. Local recurrence was defined as having a score of 3-4. Results: Local recurrence was identified in 21 men (24%). Abnormalities were best appreciated on T2-weighted axial images (90%) as focal hypointense lesions. Recurrence locations were perianastomotic (67%) or retrovesical (33%). The only risk factor associated with local recurrence was PSA; recurrence was seen in 37% of men with PSA >0.3 ng/mL vs 13% if PSA {<=}0.3 ng/mL (P<.01). The median volume of recurrence was 0.26 cm{sup 3} and was directly associated with PSA (r=0.5, P=.02). The correlation between MRI-based tumor volume and PSA was even stronger in men with positive margins (r=0.8, P<.01). Conclusions: Endorectal MRI can define areas of local recurrence after RP in a minority of men without clinical evidence of disease, with yield related to PSA. Further study is necessary to determine whether eMRI can improve patient selection and success of salvage RT.

  18. Summary of the development of open-cycle gas turbine-steam cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lackey, M.E.; Thompson, A.S.

    1980-09-01

    Combined-cycle plants employing gas turbine cycles superimposed on conventional steam plants are well developed. Nearly 200 units are operating in the US on clean fuels (natural gas or distillate fuel oils) and giving overall thermal efficiencies as high as 42%. Future plants will have to use coal or coal-derived fuels, and this presents problems because gas turbines are very sensitive to particulates and contaminants in the fuel such as sulfur, potassium, lead, etc. If clean liquid or high-Btu gaseous fuels are made from coal, it appears that the conversion efficiency will be no more than 67%. Thus, the overall efficiency of utilization of coal would be less than if it were burned in a conventional steam plant unless the permissible gas turbine inlet temperature can be increased to approx. 1500/sup 0/C (2732/sup 0/F). Coupling a combined-cycle power plant directly to a low-Btu coal gasifier increases the fuel conversion efficiency and permits salvaging waste heat from the gasifier for feedwater heating in the steam cycle. By using a gas turbine inlet temperature of 1315/sup 0/C (2400/sup 0/F), well above the current maximum of approx. 1040/sup 0/C (1904/sup 0/F), an overall efficiency of approx. 40% has been estimated for the integrated plant. However, as discussed in companion reports, it is doubtful that operation with gas turbine inlet temperatures above 1100/sup 0/C (2012/sup 0/F) will prove practicable in base-load plants.

  19. Techno-Economic Analysis of PEV Battery Second Use: Repurposed-Battery Selling Price and Commercial and Industrial End-User Value

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.; Williams, B.; Ferry, M.; Eyer, J.

    2012-06-01

    Accelerated market penetration of plug-in electric vehicles and deployment of grid-connected energy storage are restricted by the high cost of lithium-ion batteries. Research, development, and manufacturing are underway to lower material costs, enhance process efficiencies, and increase production volumes. A fraction of the battery cost may be recovered after vehicular service by reusing the battery where it may have sufficient performance for other energy-storage applications. By extracting post-vehicle additional services and revenue from the battery, the total lifetime value of the battery is increased. The overall cost of energy-storage solutions for both primary (automotive) and secondary (grid) customer could be decreased. This techno-economic analysis of battery second use considers effects of battery degradation in both automotive and grid service, repurposing costs, balance-of-system costs, the value of aggregated energy-storage to commercial and industrial end users, and competitive technology. Batteries from plug-in electric vehicles can economically be used to serve the power quality and reliability needs of commercial and industrial end users. However, the value to the automotive battery owner is small (e.g., $20-$100/kWh) as declining future battery costs and other factors strongly affect salvage value. Repurposed automotive battery prices may range from $38/kWh to $132/kWh.

  20. Life-cycle cost comparisons of advanced storage batteries and fuel cells for utility, stand-alone, and electric vehicle applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humphreys, K.K.; Brown, D.R.

    1990-01-01

    This report presents a comparison of battery and fuel cell economics for ten different technologies. To develop an equitable economic comparison, the technologies were evaluated on a life-cycle cost (LCC) basis. The LCC comparison involved normalizing source estimates to a standard set of assumptions and preparing a lifetime cost scenario for each technology, including the initial capital cost, replacement costs, operating and maintenance (O M) costs, auxiliary energy costs, costs due to system inefficiencies, the cost of energy stored, and salvage costs or credits. By considering all the costs associated with each technology over its respective lifetime, the technology that is most economical to operate over any given period of time can be determined. An analysis of this type indicates whether paying a high initial capital cost for a technology with low O M costs is more or less economical on a lifetime basis than purchasing a technology with a low initial capital cost and high O M costs. It is important to realize that while minimizing cost is important, the customer will not always purchase the least expensive technology. The customer may identify benefits associated with a more expensive option that make it the more attractive over all (e.g., reduced construction lead times, modularity, environmental benefits, spinning reserve, etc.). The LCC estimates presented in this report represent three end-use applications: utility load-leveling, stand-alone power systems, and electric vehicles.