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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Wisconsin Start-up Taps into Wind Supply Chain | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Foundation Expands Weatherization Training Center The Streator Cayuga Ridge South Wind Farm has 300 MW capacity of electricity. | Photo courtesy of Greater Livingston County...

2

Wind turbine rotor aileron  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine has a rotor with at least one blade which has an aileron which is adjusted by an actuator. A hinge has two portions, one for mounting a stationary hinge arm to the blade, the other for coupling to the aileron actuator. Several types of hinges can be used, along with different actuators. The aileron is designed so that it has a constant chord with a number of identical sub-assemblies. The leading edge of the aileron has at least one curved portion so that the aileron does not vent over a certain range of angles, but vents if the position is outside the range. A cyclic actuator can be mounted to the aileron to adjust the position periodically. Generally, the aileron will be adjusted over a range related to the rotational position of the blade. A method for operating the cyclic assembly is also described.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT)

1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Design and Field Test SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test This report documents the design, fabrication, and testing of the SMART Wind Turbine Rotor. This work...

4

Start-Up Engineer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position is part of the Manager, Waste Treatment Project Start-Up and Commissioning Integration Group. The Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Project (WTP) is a...

5

Variable diameter wind turbine rotor blades  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for changing wind turbine rotor diameters to meet changing wind speeds and control system loads is disclosed. The rotor blades on the wind turbine are able to adjust length by extensions nested within or containing the base blade. The blades can have more than one extension in a variety of configurations. A cable winching system, a hydraulic system, a pneumatic system, inflatable or elastic extensions, and a spring-loaded jack knife deployment are some of the methods of adjustment. The extension is also protected from lightning by a grounding system.

Jamieson, Peter McKeich; Hornzee-Jones, Chris; Moroz, Emilian M.; Blakemore, Ralph W.

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

6

Dynamics and Fatigue Damage of Wind Turbine Rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 3 RiS0-Rr512 Dynamics and Fatigue Damage of Wind Turbine Rotors during Steady Operation Peter OF WIND TURBINE ROTORS DURING STEADY OPERATION Peter Hauge Madsen, Sten Frandsen, William E. Holley-carrying capacity of a wind turbine rotor with respect to short-term strength and material fatigue are presented

7

Wind turbine rotor hub and teeter joint  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor hub is provided for coupling a wind turbine rotor blade and a shaft. The hub has a yoke with a body which is connected to the shaft, and extension portions which are connected to teeter bearing blocks, each of which has an aperture. The blocks are connected to a saddle which envelops the rotor blade by one or two shafts which pass through the apertures in the bearing blocks. The saddle and blade are separated by a rubber interface which provides for distribution of stress over a larger portion of the blade. Two teeter control mechanisms, which may include hydraulic pistons and springs, are connected to the rotor blade and to the yoke at extension portions. These control mechanisms provide end-of-stroke damping, braking, and stiffness based on the teeter angle and speed of the blade.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT); Jankowski, Joseph (Stowe, VT)

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

8

EXPRESSLICENSE Got Start-ups?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPRESSLICENSE Got Start-ups? · High level of transparency in the application process for negotiation · Defers payment for pre-existing patent costs · Start-up friendly, geared towards addressing needs of young companies · Encourages social responsibility Check out some of the start-ups founded

Tsien, Roger Y.

9

Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy we analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. in extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy analyzed uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). Wind Technology Div.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up, and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy the authors analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Methods and apparatus for rotor load control in wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine having a rotor, at least one rotor blade, and a plurality of generators, of which a first generator is configured to provide power to an electric grid and a second generator is configured to provide power to the wind turbine during times of grid loss. The wind turbine is configured to utilize power provided by the second generator to reduce loads on the wind turbine during times of grid loss.

Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

13

Why Do Start-Ups Patent?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

everything. ”). Why Do Start-Ups Patent? another employee2005, at 38. Why Do Start-Ups Patent? Second, many companiesNov. 2002, at 1. Why Do Start-Ups Patent? licensing cohort,

Graham, Stuart; Sichelman, Ted

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Offshore Series Wind Turbine Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.6MW Offshore Series Wind Turbine GE Energy #12;Feature Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters-savings feature, considering the rigors of offshore power generation. The 3.6 MW offshore wind turbine also, for both on and offshore use. Special features include... As the world's first commercially available wind

Firestone, Jeremy

15

Testing of the Pole Face Winding crimpings Measurements carried out on the 100 PS main units before start up of the PS machine in 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The crimpings of the Pole Face Windings (PFW), used to connect the rectangular copper conductor of the main windings with its supply cable, could have defects due to the manufacture process. They could lead to an extensive high electrical resistance. To locate these defects, the PFW are powered with 80 Ampere DC and the voltage drop over the electrical resistances of the crimping is measured. The measurements are done between the PFW current leads and the corresponding pick-up. By subtracting the resistance of the supply cable and the interconnection cable the crimping resistance is calculated. During the long shutdown 2005 and the annual shutdown 2006/2007 a total of 34 main units, and their PFWs, have been refurbished [1]. The refurbished main units are equipped with new PFW. On this PFW the crimping technique was improved and the defect of high crimping contact resistance should not appear. Nevertheless to have complete picture of the situation the 34 refurbished main units and the 66 none refurbished unit...

Hans, O

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Effects of increasing tip velocity on wind turbine rotor design.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A reduction in cost of energy from wind is anticipated when maximum allowable tip velocity is allowed to increase. Rotor torque decreases as tip velocity increases and rotor size and power rating are held constant. Reduction in rotor torque yields a lighter weight gearbox, a decrease in the turbine cost, and an increase in the capacity for the turbine to deliver cost competitive electricity. The high speed rotor incurs costs attributable to rotor aero-acoustics and system loads. The increased loads of high speed rotors drive the sizing and cost of other components in the system. Rotor, drivetrain, and tower designs at 80 m/s maximum tip velocity and 100 m/s maximum tip velocity are created to quantify these effects. Component costs, annualized energy production, and cost of energy are computed for each design to quantify the change in overall cost of energy resulting from the increase in turbine tip velocity. High fidelity physics based models rather than cost and scaling models are used to perform the work. Results provide a quantitative assessment of anticipated costs and benefits for high speed rotors. Finally, important lessons regarding full system optimization of wind turbines are documented.

Resor, Brian Ray; Maniaci, David Charles; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Richards, Phillip William

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Structural testing of the North Wind 250 composite rotor joint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The North Wind 250 wind turbine is under development at Northern Power Systems (NPS) in Moretown, VT. The turbine uses a unique, flow-through, teetered-rotor design. This design eliminates structural discontinuities at the blade/hub interface by fabricating the rotor as one continuous structural element. To accomplish this, the two blade spars are joined at the center of the rotor using a proprietary bonding technique. Fatigue tests were conducted on the full-scale rotor joint at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Subsequent tests are now underway to test the full-scale rotor and hub assembly to verify the design assumptions. The test articles were mounted in dedicated test fixtures. For the joint test, a constant moment was generated across the joint and parent material. Hydraulic actuators applied sinusoidal loading to the test article at levels equivalent to 90% of the extreme wind load for over one million cycles. When the loading was increased to 112% of the extreme wind load, the joint failed by buckling. Strain levels were monitored at 14 locations inside and outside of the blade joint during the test. The tests were used to qualify this critical element of the rotor for field testing and to provide information needed to improve the structural design of the joint.

Musial, W; Link, H [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Coleman, C [Northern Power Systems, Moretown, VT (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Hi-Q Rotor - Low Wind Speed Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was to optimize the performance of the Hi-Q Rotor. Early research funded by the California Energy Commission indicated the design might be advantageous over state-of-the-art turbines for collecting wind energy in low wind conditions. The Hi-Q Rotor is a new kind of rotor targeted for harvesting wind in Class 2, 3, and 4 sites, and has application in areas that are closer to cities, or 'load centers.' An advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor is that the rotor has non-conventional blade tips, producing less turbulence, and is quieter than standard wind turbine blades which is critical to the low-wind populated urban sites. Unlike state-of-the-art propeller type blades, the Hi-Q Rotor has six blades connected by end caps. In this phase of the research funded by DOE's Inventions and Innovation Program, the goal was to improve the current design by building a series of theoretical and numeric models, and composite prototypes to determine a best of class device. Development of the rotor was performed by aeronautical engineering and design firm, DARcorporation. From this investigation, an optimized design was determined and an 8-foot diameter, full-scale rotor was built and mounted using a Bergey LX-1 generator and furling system which were adapted to support the rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor was then tested side-by-side against the state-of-the-art Bergey XL-1 at the Alternative Energy Institute's Wind Test Center at West Texas State University for six weeks, and real time measurements of power generated were collected and compared. Early wind tunnel testing showed that the cut-in-speed of the Hi-Q rotor is much lower than a conventional tested HAWT enabling the Hi-Q Wind Turbine to begin collecting energy before a conventional HAWT has started spinning. Also, torque at low wind speeds for the Hi-Q Wind Turbine is higher than the tested conventional HAWT and enabled the wind turbine to generate power at lower wind speeds. Based on the data collected, the results of our first full-scale prototype wind turbine proved that higher energy can be captured at lower wind speeds with the new Hi-Q Rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor is almost 15% more productive than the Bergey from 6 m/s to 8 m/s, making it ideal in Class 3, 4, and 5 wind sites and has application in the critical and heretofore untapped areas that are closer to cities, 'load centers,' and may even be used directly in urban areas. The additional advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor's non-conventional blade tips, which eliminates most air turbulence, is noise reduction which makes it doubly ideal for populated urban areas. Hi-Q Products recommends one final stage of development to take the Hi-Q Rotor through Technology Readiness Levels 8-9. During this stage of development, the rotor will be redesigned to further increase efficiency, match the rotor to a more suitable generator, and lower the cost of manufacturing by redesigning the structure to allow for production in larger quantities at lower cost. Before taking the rotor to market and commercialization, it is necessary to further optimize the performance by finding a better generator and autofurling system, ones more suitable for lower wind speeds and rpms should be used in all future testing. The potential impact of this fully developed technology will be the expansion and proliferation of energy renewal into the heretofore untapped Class 2, 3, 4, and 5 Wind Sites, or the large underutilized sites where the wind speed is broken by physical features such as mountains, buildings, and trees. Market estimates by 2011, if low wind speed technology can be developed are well above: 13 million homes, 675,000 commercial buildings, 250,000 public facilities. Estimated commercial exploitation of the Hi-Q Rotor show potential increase in U.S. energy gained through the clean, renewable wind energy found in low and very low wind speed sites. This new energy source would greatly impact greenhouse emissions as well as the public sector's growing energy demands.

Todd E. Mills; Judy Tatum

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

19

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic, rotor blade, wind turbine INTRODUCTION There are several publications of non destructive damage

Boyer, Edmond

20

LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING to simulated vibrations of a rotating rotor. KEYWORDS : wind turbine blade, rotor anisotropy, Floquet analysis, OMA INTRODUCTION Blades of modern wind turbines are complex high-tech structures, and their cost

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Research Start-up Request Form Please use this form for all start-up requests.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Start-up Request Form Please use this form for all start-up requests. All requests must: Department: College: Date of Offer: Start Date: Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Fiscal Year: Equipment: Amount of Start-up of Start-up Provided by Dept. or College Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Amount: Planned Use: EVP/Provost Signature

Thomas, Andrew

22

Assessment of research needs for wind turbine rotor materials technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind-driven power systems is a renewable energy technology that is still in the early stages of development. Wind power plants installed in early 1980s suffered structural failures chiefly because of incomplete understanding of wind forces (turbulent), in some cases because of poor product quality. Failures of rotor blades are now somewhat better understood. This committee has examined the experience base accumulated by wind turbines and the R and D programs sponsored by DOE. It is concluded that a wind energy system such as is described is within the capability of engineering practice; however because of certain gaps in knowledge, and the presence of only one major integrated manufacturer of wind power machines in the USA, a DOE R and D investment is still required.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Operating Modes of a Teeter-Rotor Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the operating modes of a two-bladed teetered wind turbine. Because of the gyroscopic asymmetry of its rotor, this turbine's dynamics can be quite distinct from those of a turbine with three or more blades. This asymmetry leads to system equations with periodic coefficients that are solved using the Floquet approach to extract the correct modal parameters. The system equations are derived using a simple analytical model with four degrees of freedom: cacelle yaw, rotor teeter, and flapping associated with each blade. Results confirm that the turbine modes become more dominated by the centrifugal and gyroscopic effects as the rotor speed increases. They gyroscopic effect may also cause dynamic instability. Under certain design conditions, yaw and teeter modal frequencies may coalesce.

Bir, G. S. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Stol, K. (University of Colorado at Boulder)

1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

24

Methods of making wind turbine rotor blades  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of manufacturing a root portion of a wind turbine blade includes, in an exemplary embodiment, providing an outer layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, providing an inner layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, and positioning at least two bands of reinforcing fibers between the inner and outer layers, with each band of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers. The method further includes positioning a mat of randomly arranged reinforcing fibers between each pair of adjacent bands of reinforcing fibers, introducing a polymeric resin into the root potion of the wind turbine blade, infusing the resin through the outer layer, the inner layer, each band of reinforcing fibers, and each mat of random reinforcing fibers, and curing the resin to form the root portion of the wind turbine blade.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Pensacola, FL); Burke, Arthur H. E. (Gulf Breeze, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Billen, Andrew (Daarlerveen, NL)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Preform spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade. The spar cap may include multiple preform components. The multiple preform components may be planar sheets having a swept shape with a first end and a second end. The multiple preform components may be joined by mating the first end of a first preform component to the second end of a next preform component, forming the spar cap.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Simpsonville, SC); Driver, Howard D. (Greer, SC); van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Jenkins, Thomas B. (Cantonment, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Billen, Andrew J. (Daarlerveen, NL); Riahi, Amir (Pensacola, FL)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

26

Why Do Start-Ups Patent?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why Do Start-Ups Patent? another employee who actuallyBut Seriously, Folks! No patent for PBJ! , 41 T ENN . B ARBoy Takes Swing at U.S. Patents, N EW S CIENTIST , Apr. 17,

Graham, Stuart; Sichelman, Ted

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The Physics of Tokamak Start-Up  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Related Links: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Fusion Links 1 The physics of tokamak start-up D. Mueller Princeton Plasma Physics...

28

Numerical Investigation of a Wind Turbine Rotor with an aerodynamically redesigned hub-region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Investigation of a Wind Turbine Rotor with an aerodynamically redesigned hub-region J methods on a redesigned modern Mega-Watt sized wind turbine, where the new design includes an increase of the blade in the vicinity of the wind turbine nacelle, to obtain an aerodynamically more efficient rotor

29

RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con

30

Sparkr Blade Test Centre Wind turbines with a rotor diameter exceed-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sparkćr Blade Test Centre Wind turbines with a rotor diameter exceed- ing 2 metres must have a type of a wind turbine. Failure of a rotor blade in service often involves damage of the entire turbine operating type cer- tification systems for wind turbines. Reg. no. 427 The Sparkćr Blade Test Centre became

31

,,START-UP BRACHFLCHE" Arbeitshilfe zur Erarbeitung von Projektplnen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,,START-UP BRACHFLÄCHE" Arbeitshilfe zur Erarbeitung von Projektplänen #12;#12;,,START-UP Preuß Volker Schrenk Kai Steffens Karolin Weber Stuttgart, April 2005 #12;START-UP-BRACHFLÄCHE Impressum;START-UP-BRACHFLÄCHE 3 Inhalt Abbildungsverzeichnis

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

32

Using a collision model to design safer wind turbine rotors for birds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model for collisions between birds and propeller-type turbine rotors identifies the variables that can be manipulated to reduce the probability that birds will collide with the rotor. This study defines a safety index--the clearance power density--that allows rotors of different sizes and designs to be compared in terms of the amount of wind energy converted to electrical energy per bird collision. The collision model accounts for variations in wind speed during the year and shows that for model rotors with simple, one-dimensional blades, the safety index increases in proportion to rotor diameter, and variable speed rotors have higher safety indexes than constant speed rotors. The safety index can also be increased by enlarging the region near the center of the rotor hub where the blades move slowly enough for birds to avoid them. Painting the blades to make them more visible might have this effect. Model rotors with practical designs can have safety indexes an order of magnitude higher than those for model rotors typical of the constant speeds rotors in common use today. This finding suggests that redesigned rotors could have collision rates with birds perhaps an order of magnitude lower than today`s rotors, with no reduction in the production of wind power. The empirical data that exist for collisions between raptors, such as hawks and eagles, and rotors are consistent with the model: the numbers of raptor carcasses found beneath large variable speed rotors, relative to the numbers found under small constant speed rotors, are in the proportions predicted by the collision model rather than in proportion to the areas swept by the rotor blades. However, uncontrolled variables associated with these data prevent a stronger claim of support for the model.

Tucker, V.A. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Zoology

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Methods and apparatus for reduction of asymmetric rotor loads in wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for reducing load and providing yaw alignment in a wind turbine includes measuring displacements or moments resulting from asymmetric loads on the wind turbine. These measured displacements or moments are used to determine a pitch for each rotor blade to reduce or counter asymmetric rotor loading and a favorable yaw orientation to reduce pitch activity. Yaw alignment of the wind turbine is adjusted in accordance with the favorable yaw orientation and the pitch of each rotor blade is adjusted in accordance with the determined pitch to reduce or counter asymmetric rotor loading.

Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw; Pierce, Kirk Gee

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

34

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the turbine rotor study completed by Global Energy Concepts (GEC) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's WindPACT (Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies) project. The purpose of the WindPACT project is to identify technology improvements that will enable the cost of energy from wind turbines to fall to a target of 3.0 cents/kilowatt-hour in low wind speed sites. The study focused on different rotor configurations and the effect of scale on those rotors.

Malcolm, D. J.; Hansen, A. C.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Best practices for faculty start-ups Faculty-associated start-up companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/10//12 1 Best practices for faculty start-ups Faculty-associated start-up companies ("Start-affiliated company is the appropriate licensee, OTL documents its marketing and rationale for its licensing decision-up o The faculty must agree to separate University responsibilities from company responsibilities

Puglisi, Joseph

36

BNL | ATF Experiment Start-up Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch HighlightsToolsBES Reports EnergyExperiment Start-up All ATF

37

CFD analysis of rotating two-bladed flatback wind turbine rotor.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of modifying the inboard portion of the NREL Phase VI rotor using a thickened, flatback version of the S809 design airfoil are studied using a three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes method. A motivation for using such a thicker airfoil design coupled with a blunt trailing edge is to alleviate structural constraints while reducing blade weight and maintaining the power performance of the rotor. The calculated results for the baseline Phase VI rotor are benchmarked against wind tunnel results obtained at 10, 7, and 5 meters per second. The calculated results for the modified rotor are compared against those of the baseline rotor. The results of this study demonstrate that a thick, flatback blade profile is viable as a bridge to connect structural requirements with aerodynamic performance in designing future wind turbine rotors.

van Dam, C.P. (University of California, David, CA); Chao, David D.; Berg, Dale E. (University of California, David, CA)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Start-Ups for Smarties Personal Advice for Academic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Start-Ups for Smarties 8 Personal Advice for Academic Entrepreneurs This section addresses start-up formation and launch. Your Role(s) in the Start-Up Company Most first-time academic entrepreneurs leave academia to become company employees. A faculty member's role in the start-up is likely

Arnold, Jonathan

39

MPC for Wind Power Gradients --Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MPC for Wind Power Gradients -- Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage iterations. We demonstrate our method in simulations with various wind scenarios and prices for energy. INTRODUCTION Today, wind power is the most important renewable energy source. For the years to come, many

40

3-D Time-Accurate CFD Simulations of Wind Turbine Rotor Flow Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems such as helicopter rotors and propellers. In particular, wind turbine blades can experience large from the tower support on downwind, horizontal axis wind turbines. These blade/inflow/tower wake in large scale wind turbines, because the blade passage frequency is well below the audible range

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Start-up manufacturing firms: operations for survival   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Start-up firms play an important role in the economy. Statistics show that a large percent of start-up firms fail after few years of establishment. Raising capital, which is crucial to success, is one of the difficulties ...

Liu, Kuangyi

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Start-Ups for Smarties Introduction and Basics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Start-Ups for Smarties 4 Introduction and Basics Introduction Academic researchers frequently suspect that a discovery of theirs may have what it takes to spawn a start-up company. Usually be missing the boat by not being in- volved in a start-up. This is a dramatic change from the situation

Arnold, Jonathan

43

Start-Ups for Smarties Leading Sources of Frustration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Start-Ups for Smarties 24 Leading Sources of Frustration for the Academic Entrepreneur Starting the start-up a preferential licensing deal. Some academic entrepreneurs believe that their employers should give faculty start-ups better licensing terms than they would to an unaffiliated company. Actually

Arnold, Jonathan

44

A Start-up company to start your career  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Start-up company to start your career Professional Development Seminar March 6, 2013 #12;What is a start-up company? · Small, just started · Typically 1-5 years old · Often no products, no sales · Developing something totally new · May, or may not be a market #12;What is a start-up company? · Funding

45

Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflux condensing start-up system includes a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflux condensing start-up system comprises a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

NNSA Authorizes Start-Up of Highly Enriched Uranium Materials...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Authorizes Start-Up of Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility at Y-12 | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

48

Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Facility with Capacity to Support 100,000 Electric Drive Vehicles Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up of a DC Bus Capacitor High Volume...

49

Characterizing Inflow Conditions Across the Rotor Disk of a Utility-Scale Wind Turbine (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multi-megawatt utility-scale wind turbines operate in a turbulent, thermally-driven atmosphere where wind speed and air temperature vary with height. Turbines convert the wind's momentum into electrical power, and so changes in the atmosphere across the rotor disk influence the power produced by the turbine. To characterize the inflow into utility scale turbines at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Boulder, Colorado, NREL recently built two 135-meter inflow monitoring towers. This poster introduces the towers and the measurements that are made, showing some of the data obtained in the first few months of operation in 2011.

Clifton, A.; Lundquist, J. K.; Kelley, N.; Scott, G.; Jager, D.; Schreck, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of a DC Bus Capacitor High Volume Manufacturing Facility with Capacity to Support 100,000 Electric Drive Vehicles Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up of a...

51

Two start-ups formed from Ames Laboratory's computational tools...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Two start-ups formed from Ames Laboratory's computational tools Scientists with ties to the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have created two spin-off companies based on...

52

Abstract--This paper proposes a methodology to decide the optimal matching between the size of the rotor of a wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rotor of a wind turbine and the rated power of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. This is made of the wind turbine, the gearbox's transformation ratio, the battery voltage and the wind speed probability's rated power and the wind turbine's rotor size. The system studied in this paper consists of 220 (V)/50

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades were compared to assess the accuracy of predictions and to identify the sources of error affecting both predictions and measurements. An awareness of these sources of error contributes to improved prediction and measurement methods that will ultimately benefit future rotor design efforts. Propeller/vane anemometers were found to underestimate the wind speed in turbulent environments such as the San Gorgonio Pass wind farm area. Using sonic or cup anemometers, good agreement was achieved between predicted and measured power output for wind speeds up to 8 m/sec. At higher wind speeds an optimistic predicted power output and the occurrence of peak power at wind speeds lower than measurements resulted from the omission of turbulence and yaw error. In addition, accurate two-dimensional (2-D) airfoil data prior to stall and a post stall airfoil data synthesization method that reflects three-dimensional (3-D) effects were found to be essential for accurate performance prediction. 11 refs.

Tangler, J.; Smith, B.; Kelley, N.; Jager, D.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Search Technology Internet Start-Ups Business Computing Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Search Technology Internet Start-Ups Business Computing Companies Inside Technology Bits Blog engineer at Google, uses statistical analysis of data to help improve the company's search engine » Cellphones, Cameras, Computers and more Personal Tech » Advertise on NYTimes.com Search All NYTimes

Oyet, Alwell

55

CHRISTOPHNIEMANN A new wave of start-ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHRISTOPHNIEMANN 20 INNOVATION A new wave of start-ups wants to install rooftop solar panels. Installing a rooftop ar- ray of solar panels large enough to produce all of the energy required by a building a pool of cash to pay for the solar panels. Directly or indirectly, homeowners buy the electricity

Kammen, Daniel M.

56

Discovery Park Impact Attracting New Companies and Start-ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discovery Park Impact Attracting New Companies and Start-ups NEED The state of Indiana is positioned to attract new companies and startups, especially those companies in the life sciences sector with PDS Biotechnology, a company formed around innovative liposome drug delivery technology from

Holland, Jeffrey

57

Dynamic optimization of a plate reactor start-up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic optimization of a plate reactor start-up Staffan Haugwitz, Per Hagander and John Bagterp Jørgensen Lund-Lyngby-�lborg-dagen 061101 Staffan Haugwitz et al Control of a plate reactor #12;Process configurations : 2 inj. / 1 cool zone T T T T T T T T T T Reactor outletReactant A Reactant B Cooling water uB1 u

58

Enertech 2-kW high-reliability wind system. Phase II. Fabrication and testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW in a 9 m/s wind has been developed. Activities are summarized that are centered on the fabrication and testing of prototypes of the wind machine. The test results verified that the wind machine met the power output specification and that the variable-pitch rotor effectively controlled the rotor speed for wind speeds up to 50 mph. Three prototypes of the wind machine were shipped to the Rocky Flats test center in September through November of 1979. Work was also performed to reduce the start-up wind speed. The start-up wind speed to the Enertech facility has been reduced to 4.5 m/s.

Cordes, J A; Johnson, B A

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Long Pulse EBW Start-up Experiments in MAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The non-solenoid start-up technique reported here relies on a double mode conversion for electron Bernstein wave (EBW) excitation. It consists of the mode conversion of the ordinary mode, entering the plasma from the low field side of the tokamak, into the extraordinary (X) mode at a mirror-polarizer located at the high field side. The X mode propagates back to the plasma, passes through electron cyclotron resonance and experiences a subsequent X to EBW mode conversion near the upper hybrid resonance. Finally the excited EBW mode is totally absorbed at the Doppler shifted electron cyclotron resonance. The absorption of EBW remains high even in cold rarefied plasmas. Furthermore, EBW can generate significant plasma current giving the prospect of a fully solenoid-free plasma start-up. First experiments using this scheme were carried out on MAST [V. Shevchenko et al, Nuclear Fusion 50, 022004 (2010)]. Plasma currents up to 33 kA have been achieved using 28 GHz 100kW 90ms RF pulses. Recently experimental results ...

Shevchenko, V F; Caughman, J B; Diem, S; Mailloux, J; Brien, M R O; Peng, M; Saveliev, A N; Takase, Y; Tanaka, H; Taylor, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using same, and methods for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher (Lawrence, KS)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using the same, and methods for making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

62

Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

NREL

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

63

Multi-piece wind turbine rotor blades and wind turbines incorporating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multisection blade for a wind turbine includes a hub extender having a pitch bearing at one end, a skirt or fairing having a hole therethrough and configured to mount over the hub extender, and an outboard section configured to couple to the pitch bearing.

Moroz; Emilian Mieczyslaw (San Diego, CA) [San Diego, CA

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

64

Supporting the High-Technology Entrepreneur: Support Network Geographies for Semiconductor, Telecommunications Equipment, and Biotechnology Start-Ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Biotechnology Start-ups April 29, 2004 BRIE Workingto encourage biotechnology start-ups, but the synergies fromcapital and Internet start-ups. This paper extends previous

Kenney, Martin; Patton, Donald

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

1 | P a g e Faculty Guide to Start-Ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 | P a g e Faculty Guide to Start-Ups Sited at OHSU So you're going to be a Founder and offers this Guide as an aid to those who are forming their own "start-up" companies that are located during this period of your professional growth. A common cause of confusion during a start-up's early

Chapman, Michael S.

66

The College of Liberal Arts February 4, 2013 Guideline for Requesting and Accessing Start-Up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The College of Liberal Arts February 4, 2013 Guideline for Requesting and Accessing Start-Up Funds OFFICE OF THE DEAN Guideline for Requesting and Accessing Start-Up Funds __________________________________________________________ Departments and Interdisciplinary Programs may request funding for start-up packages to offer prospective

Bermúdez, José Luis

67

Department of Economic Development EMERGENCY RULE MAKING START-UP NY Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Economic Development EMERGENCY RULE MAKING START-UP NY Program I.D. No. EDV-31 into law the SUNY Tax-free Areas to Revitalize and Transform UPstate New York (START-UP NY) program, which affiliated with New York universities and colleges. The START-UP NY program will leverage these tax benefits

Suzuki, Masatsugu

68

Sandia National Laboratories: National Rotor Testbed Functional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the National Rotor Testbed: An Aeroelastically Relevant Research-Scale Wind Turbine Rotor." Approximately 60 researchers from various institutions and countries attended...

69

Bruno Works gives start-ups a space in Downtown Pittsburgh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bruno Works gives start-ups a space in Downtown Pittsburgh July 2, 2013 3:45 pm Kaitlynn Riely / The Pittsburgh Press John Norton was wrapping up his lunchtime talk, a how-to on maneuvering a sailboat around,500 square feet, Bruno Works is "work space for tiny little start-ups." The bright space, open for use 24

70

University of Minnesota Start-up Guide Office for Technology Commercialization (OTC) -Venture Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................................... 18 APPENDIX D: UNIVERSITY FUNDING OPPORTUNITIESUniversity of Minnesota Start-up Guide Office for Technology Commercialization (OTC) - Venture on University of Minnesota research Revised September 2010 1000 Westgate Drive: Suite 160 St. Paul, MN 55114 612

Amin, S. Massoud

71

Commissioning and Start Up of a 110 MegaWatt Cogeneration Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manufacturing facility constraints 4. Mechanical problems 5. Electrical problems 6. Control system/instrumentation problems The commissioning and start up had to be coordinated with existing Plant operations. As a result of the Project Team's efforts...

Good, R.

72

Fuel Cell Housing for Rapid Start-Up Auxiliary Power and Gas...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Fuel Cell Housing for Rapid Start-Up Auxiliary Power and...

73

Business plan of starting up a health checkup business in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A health checkup business provides services to examine the customer's health status. This thesis has been developed to understand the heath preventive market and prepare a business plan of starting up high-tier checkup ...

Liu, Weibo, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Growth strategies : how software start-ups can leverage alliances, acquisitions, IPOs and venture capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The identification of the different factors impacting a software start-up company's decision to pursue an alliance, acquisition, IPO or venture capital to sustain growth is the main objective of this research study. First ...

Ybanez, Sergio D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The role of venture capitalists in financing and developing high-technology start-ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation addresses the interaction between venture capitalists (VCs) and start-up development through three essays. A common theme is that VCs serve important extra-financial and information brokering roles. In ...

Hsu, David H

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Computer Automated Start-Up and Shutdown of an Air Separation Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ .. COMPUTER AUTOMATED START-UP AND SHUTDOWN OF AN AIR SEPARATION PLANT S. L. Russek, T. M. Beckowksl, D. R. Vlnson Alr Products and Chemlcals, Inc., Allentown, PA ABSTRACT Process control computers have gal ned wlde acceptance wlthln...-of-day" electrlc power rates are causlng many companles to conslder lntermlttent operatlon; thls has also provlded the 1mpetus for computer automated start-up and shutdown. Alr Products and Chemlcals, Inc. has 1mplemented a computer automated start...

Russek, S. L.; Beckowski, T. M.; Vinson, D. R.

77

Double Side Control of Wound Rotor Induction Machine for Wind Energy Application Employing Half Controlled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the cost of a wind generator system, a new configuration using half controlled converters for both the required KVA rating of both machine side and line side converters, improves the efficiency of the wind generator, helps operating over a wide speed range and supports near unity power factor interface

Lipo, Thomas

78

An approach to reduce start-up opacity on a coal-fired cycling unit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by the need to prevent stack emission discharges even during start-up, an operations program was initiated to reduce opacity on a coal-fired cycling unit. The measurement basis is a numeric comparison of annual start-ups and yearly totals for reportable opacity six-minute averages. The unit of interest has been in commercial operation since 1978 and has experienced more than 1600 cycles of operation. The 46 gross megawatt fossil fuel unit has shown a rising capacity factor as cycling frequency has increased during the past years. This paper examines the effectiveness of the opacity reduction program and the experiences and methods required to achieve the results. 1986 reference data showed 122 reportable opacity occurrences for 145 unite start-ups. Combined 1988-89 records tabulated to 48 reportable opacity occurrences for 303 cycling operations.

Costello, P.A. (Illinois Power Co., Havana Power Station, Havana, IL (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Starting up a new U.S. Department of Energy Analytical Laboratory at the Hanford site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new analytical chemistry laboratory was constructed on the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington by the U.S. Department of Energy to provide radiochemistry, inorganic, and organic analytical services. The laboratory is staffed and operated by Westinghouse Hanford Company, the U.S. Department of Energy contractor of the government-owned contractor-operated site. The start-up process, after laboratory construction and analytical equipment installation, requires a safety analysis report, approved analytical procedures, training, a plant {open_quotes}readiness review{close_quotes} by Westinghouse Hanford Company, and final approval for start-up by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Grabbe, R.R.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Start-up Optimization of a Combined Cycle Power Plant A. Linda, E. Sllberga,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bModelon AB, Lund, Sweden cSiemens AG, Energy Sector, Erlangen, Germany Abstract In the electricity are simpler than typical high- fidelity simulation models. Two different models used for optimization in four to opti- mize are explored. Results are encouraging and show that energy production during start-up can

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Les facteurs stratgiques influenant l'valuation des start-ups par les capitaux-risqueurs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, valuation method. hal-00951565,version1-25Feb2014 Manuscrit auteur, publié dans "Management & Avenir 9, 49'évaluation. Strategic factors influencing start-ups' valuation by venture capitalists Abstract A new venture valuation and develops an integrated theoretical framework to investigate new valuation. Statistical analyses

Boyer, Edmond

82

Transient Analysis of Proton Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) at Start-Up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transient Analysis of Proton Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) at Start-Up and Failure M. F perfor- mance of the fuel cell has already been reported, when inter- digitated flow fields are used [1 with experiments to study the effect of temperature, humidity, and pressure on fuel cell performance

Yanikoglu, Berrin

83

Examination of microbial fuel cell start-up times with domestic wastewater and additional amendments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biological process used for wastewater treatment is desirable to avoid discharge of untreated wastewaterExamination of microbial fuel cell start-up times with domestic wastewater and additional Available online 30 April 2011 Keywords: Microbial fuel cell Domestic wastewater Startup time Substrate a b

84

Start-up flow of a viscoelastic fluid in a pipe with fractional Maxwell's model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unidirectional start-up flow of a viscoelastic fluid in a pipe with fractional Maxwell's model is studied. The flow starting from rest is driven by a constant pressure gradient in an infinite long straight pipe. By employing the method of variable separations and Heaviside operational calculus, we obtain the exact solution, from which the flow characteristics are investigated. It is found that the start-up motion of fractional Maxwell's fluid with parameters $\\alpha$ and $\\beta$, tends to be at rest as time goes to infinity, except the case of $\\beta=1$. This observation, which also can be predicted from the mechanics analogue of fractional Maxwell's model, agrees with the classical work of Friedrich and it indicates fractional Maxwell's fluid presents solid-like behavior if $\\be\

Di Yang; Ke-Qin Zhu

2010-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

85

Checkout and start-up of the integrated DWPF (Defense Waste Processing Facility) melter system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Integrated DWPF Melter System (IDMS) is a one-ninth-scale demonstration of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed preparation, melter, and off-gas systems. The IDMS will be the first engineering-scale melter system at SRL to process mercury and flowsheet levels of halides and sulfates. This report includes a summary of the IDMS program objectives, system and equipment descriptions, and detailed discussions of the system checkout and start-up. 10 refs., 44 figs., 20 tabs.

Smith, M.E.; Hutson, N.D.; Miller, D.H.; Morrison, J.; Shah, H.; Shuford, J.A.; Glascock, J.; Wurzinger, F.H.; Zamecnik, J.R.

1989-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

86

Iowa Start-up Taps Ames Laboratory Technology in Challenge | Department of  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7 U.S.DepartmentEnergy Iowa Start-up Taps

87

Hybrid gas bearings with controlled supply pressure to eliminate rotor vibrations while crossing system critical speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-turbomachinery (MTM) implements gas bearings in compact units of enhanced mechanical reliability. Gas bearings, however, have little damping and are prone to wear during frequent rotor start-up and shut down conditions. Externally pressurized...

Ryu, Keun

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Preliminary Phenomena Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRT) for SBWR start-up stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phenomena Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRT) have been developed for start-up transient for SBWP. The information used for PIRT came from RAMONA-4B and TRACG analyses of the transient and from related small scale tests. The transient was divided into four distinct phases, namely, Subcooled Core Heat-up, Subcooled Chimney, Saturated Chimney and Power Ascension. The assessment criterion selected was Minimum Critical Power Ratio. The SBWR system was divided into ten components. A total of 33 distinct phenomena among the components were identified. The Phase I has 28 ranked phenomena with 17 low, 6 medium and 5 high ranking. The Phase II has 39 ranked phenomena with 18 low, 13 median and 8 high ranking. The Phase III has 47 ranked phenomena with 22 low, 10 medium and 15 high ranking. The Phase IV has 46 ranked phenomena with 16 low, 12 medium and 18 high ranking. 12 refs., 22 figs., 21 tabs.

Rohatgi, U.S.; Cheng, H.S.; Khan, H.J.; Wulff, K.W.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

E-Print Network 3.0 - aero-elasticity rotor aerodynamics Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: HVDC 12;Rotor aero-elastics and structural dynamics 12;Aerodynamics for wind turbines Flow over... and components Rotor aero-elastics and structural dynamics Grid...

90

START-UP AND RAMP-UP OF THE PLT TOKAMAK BY LOWER HYBRID WAVES F . C . Jobes et al.--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

START-UP AND RAMP-UP OF THE PLT TOKAMAK BY LOWER HYBRID WAVES F . C . Jobes et al.- - AUGUST 1985 LAB PRINCETON UNI PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY Link: http://charles.karney.info/biblio/jobes86.html #12;START-UP AND RAMP-UP OF THE PLT MKAMAK BY LOWER HYBRID WAVES F.C. Jobes, S. Bernabei, T.K. Chu, N.J. Fisch, W

Karney, Charles

91

Sandia National Laboratories: Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Offshore Rotor Development Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development Overview Sandia National Laboratories Wind Energy Technologies Department, creates and...

92

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine X. Ma #3; , N. K. Poulsen #3; , H. Bindner y December 20, 1995 Abstract The wind speed varies over the rotor plane of wind turbine making the wind speed on the rotor plane will be estimated by using a wind turbine as a wind measuring device

93

The start-up of the DIOS pilot plant (DIOS Project)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DIOS process has been successfully developed as an 8-year project commenced in April 1988. Based on the results of the element studies reported at the previous conference and at other meetings, the pilot plant, with a designed capacity of 500 t/d, was constructed and started up in october 1993. After the starting operation with the single smelting reduction furnace in the beginning of the first campaign, the pilot plant has been principally operated in integration, that is, with the smelting reduction furnace connected with the preheating and prereduction furnaces. So far five campaigns have been successfully conducted on schedule. The operation has been improved gradually and the designed performance has been achieved. New processes are targeted at the direct use of coal and iron ore fines to eliminate not only the problematic coke ovens but also pellet and sinter plants. The direct smelting reduction processes currently at the most advanced stage of development are the DIOS in Japan, the AISI in the USA and the HIsmelt in Australia.

Sawada, Terutoshi

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Start-up and control method and apparatus for resonant free piston Stirling engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A resonant free-piston Stirling engine having a new and improved start-up and control method and system. A displacer linear electrodynamic machine is provided having an armature secured to and movable with the displacer and having a stator supported by the Stirling engine housing in juxtaposition to the armature. A control excitation circuit is provided for electrically exciting the displacer linear electrodynamic machine with electrical excitation signals having substantially the same frequency as the desired frequency of operation of the Stirling engine. The excitation control circuit is designed so that it selectively and controllably causes the displacer electrodynamic machine to function either as a generator load to extract power from the displacer or the control circuit selectively can be operated to cause the displacer electrodynamic machine to operate as an electric drive motor to apply additional input power to the displacer in addition to the thermodynamic power feedback to the displacer whereby the displacer linear electrodynamic machine also is used in the electric drive motor mode as a means for initially starting the resonant free-piston Stirling engine.

Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

PRELIMINARY DATA CALL REPORT ADVANCED BURNER REACTOR START UP FUEL FABRICATION FACILITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide data for preparation of a NEPA Environmental Impact Statement in support the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). One of the GNEP objectives is to reduce the inventory of long lived actinide from the light water reactor (LWR) spent fuel. The LWR spent fuel contains Plutonium (Pu) -239 and other transuranics (TRU) such as Americium-241. One of the options is to transmute or burn these actinides in fast neutron spectra as well as generate the electricity. A sodium-cooled Advanced Recycling Reactor (ARR) concept has been proposed to achieve this goal. However, fuel with relatively high TRU content has not been used in the fast reactor. To demonstrate the utilization of TRU fuel in a fast reactor, an Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR) prototype of ARR is proposed, which would necessarily be started up using weapons grade (WG) Pu fuel. The WG Pu is distinguished by relatively highest proportions of Pu-239 and lesser amount of other actinides. The WG Pu will be used as the startup fuel along with TRU fuel in lead test assemblies. Because such fuel is not currently being produced in the US, a new facility (or new capability in an existing facility) is being considered for fabrication of WG Pu fuel for the ABR. This report is provided in response to ‘Data Call’ for the construction of startup fuel fabrication facility. It is anticipated that the facility will provide the startup fuel for 10-15 years and will take to 3 to 5 years to construct.

S. T. Khericha

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Start-up fuel and power flattening of sodium-cooled candle core  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hard neutron spectrum and unique power shape of CANDLE enable its distinctive performances such as achieving high burnup more than 30% and exempting necessity of both enrichment and reprocessing. On the other hand, they also cause several challenging problems. One is how the initial fuel can be prepared to start up the first CANDLE reactor because the equilibrium fuel composition that enables stable CANDLE burning is complex both in axial and radial directions. Another prominent problem is high radial power peaking factor that worsens averaged burnup, namely resource utilization factor in once-through mode and shorten the life time of structure materials. The purposes of this study are to solve these two problems. Several ideas for core configurations and startup fuel using single enrichment uranium and iron as a substitute of fission products are studied. As a result, it is found that low enriched uranium is applicable to ignite the core but all concepts examined here exceeded heat limits. Adjustment in enrichment and height of active and burnt zone is opened for future work. Sodium duct assemblies and thorium fuel assemblies loaded in the center region are studied as measures to reduce radial power peaking factor. Replacing 37 fuels by thorium fuel assemblies in the zeroth to third row provides well-balanced performance with flattened radial power distribution. The CANDLE core loaded with natural uranium in the outer and thorium in the center region achieved 35.6% of averaged burnup and 7.0 years of cladding life time owing to mitigated local fast neutron irradiation at the center. Using thorium with natural or depleted uranium in CANDLE reactor is also beneficial to diversifying fission resource and extending available term of fission energy without expansion of needs for enrichment and reprocessing.

Takaki, Naoyuki; Sagawa, Yu; Umino, Akitake [Department of Nuclear Safety Engineering, Tokyo City University 1-28-1 Tamazutsumi, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557 (Japan); Sekimoto, Hiroshi [University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Wind Turbine Blade Test Definition of the DeWind DW90 Rotor Blade: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-326  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This CRADA was developed as a funds-in CRADA with DeWind to assess the suitability of facilities and equipment at the NWTC for performing certification blade testing on wind turbine blades made from advanced materials. DeWind produces a wind turbine blade which includes the use of high-strength and stiffness materials. NREL and DeWind had a mutual interest in defining the necessary facilities, equipment, and test methods for testing large wind turbine blades which incorporate advanced materials and adaptive structures, as the demands on test equipment and infrastructure are greater than current capabilities. Work under this CRADA would enable DeWind to verify domestic capability for certification-class static and fatigue testing, while NREL would be able to identify and develop specialized test capabilities based on the test requirements.

Hughes, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Structural health and prognostics management for offshore wind turbines : case studies of rotor fault and blade damage with initial O&M cost modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operations and maintenance costs for offshore wind plants are significantly higher than the current costs for land-based (onshore) wind plants. One way to reduce these costs would be to implement a structural health and prognostic management (SHPM) system as part of a condition based maintenance paradigm with smart load management and utilize a state-based cost model to assess the economics associated with use of the SHPM system. To facilitate the development of such a system a multi-scale modeling approach developed in prior work is used to identify how the underlying physics of the system are affected by the presence of damage and faults, and how these changes manifest themselves in the operational response of a full turbine. This methodology was used to investigate two case studies: (1) the effects of rotor imbalance due to pitch error (aerodynamic imbalance) and mass imbalance and (2) disbond of the shear web; both on a 5-MW offshore wind turbine in the present report. Based on simulations of damage in the turbine model, the operational measurements that demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the damage/faults were the blade tip accelerations and local pitching moments for both imbalance and shear web disbond. The initial cost model provided a great deal of insight into the estimated savings in operations and maintenance costs due to the implementation of an effective SHPM system. The integration of the health monitoring information and O&M cost versus damage/fault severity information provides the initial steps to identify processes to reduce operations and maintenance costs for an offshore wind farm while increasing turbine availability, revenue, and overall profit.

Myrent, Noah J. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Kusnick, Joshua F. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Barrett, Natalie C. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Griffith, Daniel Todd

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

"Best practices" for student start-ups Innovation and the translation of inventions into products that serve the public are deeply ingrained in Stanford's culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Best practices" for student start-ups 8-2-12 Innovation and the translation of inventions to avoiding either perceived or actual conflict of interest issues with respect to start-ups. Both Stanford of interest (COI) when licensing Stanford intellectual property to a start-up is considered. OTL makes

Puglisi, Joseph

100

A multi-scale approach to statistical and model-based structural health monitoring with application to embedded sensing for wind energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comparison in a composite wind turbine rotor blade." Thecrack detection in composite wind turbine blades." Thecomparison in a composite wind turbine rotor blade,"

Taylor, Stuart Glynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

102

Wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The improvement in a wind turbine comprises providing a tower with a freely liftable mount and adapting a nacelle which is fitted with a propeller windwheel consisting of a plurality of rotor blades and provided therein with means for conversion of wind energy to be shifted onto said mount attached to the tower. In case of a violent wind storm, the nacelle can be lowered down to the ground to protect the rotor blades from breakage due to the force of the wind. Required maintenance and inspection of the nacelle and replacement of rotor blades can be safely carried out on the ground.

Abe, M.

1982-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

103

Optimization of a Savonius rotor vertical-axis wind turbine for use in water pumping systems in rural Honduras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The D-lab Honduras team designed and constructed a wind-powered water pump in rural Honduras during IAP 2007. Currently, the system does not work under its own power and water must be pumped by hand. This thesis seeks to ...

Zingman, Aron (Aron Olesen)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the near wake. In conclusion, WiTTS performs satisfactorily in the rotor region of wind turbine wakes under neutral stability. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEYWORDS wind turbine wake; wake model; self in wind farms along several rows and columns. Because wind turbines generate wakes that propagate downwind

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Assessment study of RELAP5/MOD2, CYCLE 36. 04 based on spray start-up test for DOEL-4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment study for the code RELAP-5 MOD-2 based on a pressurizer spray start-up test of the Doel-4 power plant. Doel-4 is a three loop WESTINGHOUSE PWR plant ordered by the EBES utility with a nominal power rating of 1000 MWe and equipped with preheater type E steam generators. A large series of commissioning tests are normally performed on new plants, of which the so called pressurizer spray and heater test (SU-PR-01) was performed on February 2nd 1985. TRACTEBEL, being the Architect-Engineer for this plant was closely involved with all start-up tests and was responsible for the final approval of the tests.

Moeyaert, P.; Stubbe, E.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Study of plasma start-up initiated by second harmonic electron cyclotron resonance heating on WEGA experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although both 1st harmonic ordinary mode (O1) and 2nd harmonic extra-ordinary mode (X2) have been successfully used to initiate pre-ionization and breakdown in many devices, a complete theoretical model is still missing to explain the success of this method. Moreover, some experimental observations are not completely understood, such as what occurs during the delay time between the turn-on of ECRH power and first signals of density or light measurements. Since during this free period the ECRH power has to be absorbed by in-vessel components, it is of prime importance to know what governs this delay time. Recently, dedicated start-up experiments have been performed on WEGA, using a 28 GHz ECRH system in X2-mode. This machine has the interesting capability to be run also as a tokamak allowing comparative experiments between stellarator (?/2? > 0) and tokamak (?/2? = 0) configurations. Different scans in heating power, neutral gas pressure, and rotational transform (?) show clearly that the start-up is a two step process. A first step following the turn-on of the ECRH power during which no measurable electron density (or just above the noise level in some cases), ECE and radiated power is detected. Its duration depends strongly on the level of injected power. The second step corresponds to the gas ionization and plasma expansion phase, with a velocity of density build-up and filling-up of the vessel volume depending mainly on pressure, gas and rotational transform. Moreover, an interesting scenario of ECRH pre-ionization without loop voltage in tokamak configuration by applying a small optimal vertical field is relevant for start-up assistance on future experiments like ITER. The results from this experimental parametric study are useful for the modeling of the start-up assisted by the second harmonic electron cyclotron resonance heating. The aim of this work is to establish predictive scenarios for both ITER and W7-X operation.

Preynas, M.; Laqua, H. P.; Otte, M.; Stange, T.; Aßmus, D. [Max Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Wauters, T. [Association Euratom-Belgian State, LPP-ERM/KMS, 1000 Brussels (Belgium)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

107

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors. 10 figs.

Bender, D.A.; Kuklo, T.C.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

How Does a Wind Turbine Work?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. The energy in the wind turns two or three propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to the main shaft, which spins a generator to...

110

Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;LETTERS [3 September 1979 Final manuscript received 6 August 1981) TOKAMAK START-UP WITH ELECTRON- CYCLOTRON HEATING D

Sprott, Julien Clinton

111

Single rotor turbine engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Lessons learned from an installation perspective for chemical demilitarization plant start-up at four operating incineration sites.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents the lessons learned by chemical storage installations as they prepared for the start of chemical demilitarization plant operations at the four current chemical incinerator sites in Alabama, Arkansas, Oregon, and Utah. The study included interviews with persons associated with the process and collection of available documents prepared at each site. The goal was to provide useful information for the chemical weapons storage sites in Colorado and Kentucky that will be going through plant start-up in the next few years. The study is not a compendium of what to do and what not to do. The information has been categorized into ten lessons learned; each is discussed individually. Documents that may be useful to the Colorado and Kentucky sites are included in the appendices. This study should be used as a basis for planning and training.

Motz, L.; Decision and Information Sciences

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

113

Wind turbine/generator set having a stator cooling system located between stator frame and active coils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

Women & early-stage entrepreneurship : examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Women in technology have always been a minority and the number of women who are founders of venture backed start-ups is even lower. This research empirically investigates venture capital funding received by entrepreneurs ...

Swaminathan, Shuba

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Robbins project - start-up and commercial operation at a leading-edge recycling, waste-to-energy plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On January 22, 1997, the Robbins Resource Recovery Facility began commercial operation in Robbins, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, after a very successful start-up program. The first installation of its kind in the United States, the Robbins facility converts municipal solid waste (MSW) into refuse-derived fuel (RDF) that is fired in two circulating fluidized-bed boilers. Steam from the boilers powers a turbine generator that can produce enough electricity to service more than 50,000 homes. The Robbins facility processes a minimum of 1600 tons of MSW per day. Some 75 percent of the MSW is converted into RDF. In addition to compostable material, the balance yields reusable aluminum, ferrous materials, and glass. Even ash produced by the circulating fluidized-bed (CFB) boilers can be used to manufacture cement. The Robbins facility is operated by Foster Wheeler Illinois, Inc., a member of the Foster Wheeler Power Systems Group. The plant was engineered by Foster Wheeler USA Corporation and built by Foster Wheeler Constructors, Inc. Foster Wheeler Energy International, Inc. provided the circulating fluidized-bed boilers.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

HGP-A Wellhead Generator, Proof-Of-Feasibility Project 3 MW Wellhead Generator, Start-Up Training and Operating Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The start-up manual is an information aid to initially familiarize plant operators with the plant operation and later be used as a reference manual while operating the plant. This start-up manual is supplemented by the Plant Data Manual which contains a detailed description of the philosophy of operation and equipment characteristics. The sequencing herein presents the necessary operating procedures which must be followed in order that a smooth start-up is obtained. The sequence includes, first conditioning the well and stabilizing the steam/water separations, and then bringing the operating machinery on line. The Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams and Electrical Drawings are included under Section 12.0 and are frequently referred to in the text. Information for ''trouble-shooting'' is provided in the maintenance and operations manuals on all the equipment.

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics DEVELOPMENT OF UNSTEADINESS IN A ROTOR WAKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- speed forward flight (or cross-wind), where the wake is swept behind the rotor, the effect of ground1 American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics DEVELOPMENT OF UNSTEADINESS IN A ROTOR WAKE Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 ABSTRACT The flow field around the rotor in ground

118

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter #12;Design data Rated power 5,000kW Cut-in speed 3.5m/s Rated wind speed 13.0m/s Cut-out speed 25.0m/s onshore 30.0m/s offshore Wind zone up to DIBt 3 Type class up to IEC Ib / GL offshore type class I Rotor Diameter 126.0m Rotor area 12,469m2

Firestone, Jeremy

119

Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine generator includes a stator having a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis. A rotor is rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis, and the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to the rotor and cooperating with the stator windings. The magnetic elements are configured to generate a magnetic field and the stator windings are configured to interact with the magnetic field to generate a voltage in the stator windings. A heat pipe assembly thermally engaging one of the stator and the rotor to dissipate heat generated in the stator or rotor.

Salamah, Samir A. (Niskayuna, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Schenectady, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Alplaus, NY); Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

A RIGOROUS, ENGINEER-FRIENDLY APPROACH FOR MODELING REALISTIC, COMPOSITE ROTOR BLADES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structures of the type encountered in wind turbine blades, helicopter rotor blades, and the like such as wind turbine blades lead to a splitting of the problem into a (usually) linear, two-dimensional cross

Yu, Wenbin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Planar velocity measurements in two rotorcraft flows are presented. The first is that of an isolated rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-light-based measurement system. The second flowfield is that of a rotor wake interacting with a fixed wing in a wind field. Isolated rotor in axial flight Substantial uncertainties remain in modeling the wake typical of a full-scale rotor wake. The clean periodicity of this flow allows capture of fundamental

122

Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine (100) comprising an electrical generator (108) that includes a rotor assembly (112). A wind rotor (104) that includes a wind rotor hub (124) is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle (160) via a bearing assembly (180). The wind rotor hub includes an opening (244) having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity (380) inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret (140) supported by a tower (136). Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity (172, 176, 368) that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system (276) for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

123

Methods and apparatus for rotor blade ice detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for detecting ice on a wind turbine having a rotor and one or more rotor blades each having blade roots includes monitoring meteorological conditions relating to icing conditions and monitoring one or more physical characteristics of the wind turbine in operation that vary in accordance with at least one of the mass of the one or more rotor blades or a mass imbalance between the rotor blades. The method also includes using the one or more monitored physical characteristics to determine whether a blade mass anomaly exists, determining whether the monitored meteorological conditions are consistent with blade icing; and signaling an icing-related blade mass anomaly when a blade mass anomaly is determined to exist and the monitored meteorological conditions are determined to be consistent with icing.

LeMieux, David Lawrence

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

124

Offshore Wind Turbine Transportation & Installation Analyses Planning Optimal Marine Operations for Offshore Wind Projects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Transportation and installation of offshore wind turbines (Tower, Nacelle and Rotor) is a complete process conducted over several phases, usually in sequence. There are… (more)

Uraz, Emre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Method and apparatus for reducing rotor blade deflections, loads, and/or peak rotational speed  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for reducing at least one of loads, deflections of rotor blades, or peak rotational speed of a wind turbine includes storing recent historical pitch related data, wind related data, or both. The stored recent historical data is analyzed to determine at least one of whether rapid pitching is occurring or whether wind speed decreases are occurring. A minimum pitch, a pitch rate limit, or both are imposed on pitch angle controls of the rotor blades conditioned upon results of the analysis.

Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw; Pierce, Kirk Gee

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

126

PRODUCTION START-UP OF 2 MW a-Si PV MANUFACTURING LINE AT SOVLUX M. Im, X. Den& II. C. Ovshinsky,R. Crucetand S.R Ovshimky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRODUCTION START-UP OF 2 MW a-Si PV MANUFACTURING LINE AT SOVLUX PLANT M. Im, X. Den& II. C start-up efforts at the 2MW Sovlux photovoltaic production line. Triple-junction solar cells with higher than 10% initial effXency were producedin this production line with subcell yield up to 96

Deng, Xunming

127

This introduction to wind power technology is meant to help communities begin considering or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

call both liquids and gases "fluids" ­ i.e. things that flow). A wind turbine's blades use aerodynamic of a typical wind turbine are: - Rotor: a wind turbine's blades and the hub to which they attach form the rotor or planning wind power. It focuses on commercial and medium-scale wind turbine technology available

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

128

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind turbine. Rating Control Rotor Radius Rated Wind Speed Towerwind turbine is used in this design, however there are slight modifications of the tower.of the tower. Figure 2.3: NREL 5 MW Reference Wind Turbine [

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a large scale wind turbine are the tower, blades, and gearcost of large wind turbine (REpower MM92) Tower Rotor bladesa utility-scale wind turbine. Towers run from 40-100 meters,

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Methods and apparatus for twist bend coupled (TCB) wind turbine blades  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for controlling a wind turbine having twist bend coupled rotor blades on a rotor mechanically coupled to a generator includes determining a speed of a rotor blade tip of the wind turbine, measuring a current twist distribution and current blade loading, and adjusting a torque of a generator to change the speed of the rotor blade tip to thereby increase an energy capture power coefficient of the wind turbine.

Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw; LeMieux, David Lawrence; Pierce, Kirk Gee

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

131

Single Rotor Turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor for use in turbine applications has a centrifugal compressor having axially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and an axial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the centrifugal compressor flows.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

132

UPWIND, Aerodynamics and aero-elasticity Rotor aerodynamics in atmospheric shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UPWIND, Aerodynamics and aero-elasticity Rotor aerodynamics in atmospheric shear flow Niels N codes for wind turbines utilize aerodynamics based on BEM methods, see [1, 2]. For modern large scale

133

Ris-R-1353(EN) Numerical Investigation of Three Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

downstream ISBN 87-550-3087-4; ISBN 87-550-3088-2 (Internet) ISSN 0106-2840 Print: Pitney Bowes Management that the geometry of a rotor tip influences the aerodynamic damping [1] and aeroacoustics [2] of a wind turbine rotor. But for the overall aerodynamics of the rotor the influence of the tip is not well investigated

134

Preliminary structural design conceptualization for composite rotor for verdant power water current turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Verdant Power Inc. (VPI) have partnered under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a new kinetic hydropower rotor. The rotor features an improved hydrodynamic and structural design which features state-of-the-art technology developed for the wind industry. The new rotor will have higher energy capture, increased system reliability, and reduction of overall cost of energy. This project was divided into six tasks: (1) Composite Rotor Project Planning and Design Specification; (2) Baseline Fatigue Testing and Failure analysis; (3) Develop Blade/Rotor Performance Model; (4) Hydrofoil Survey and Selection; (5) FEM Structural Design; and (6) Develop Candidate Rotor Designs and Prepare Final Report.

Paquette, J. A.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Operational behavior of a double-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greater efficiency in wind turbine systems is achieved by allowing the rotor to change its rate of rotation as the wind speed changes. The wind turbine system is decoupled from the utility grid and a variable speed operation ...

Reddy, Sivananda Kumjula

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

NON-STATIONARY TEMPERATURE STRESSES IN THE INDUSTRIAL STEAM TURBINE ROTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The usage of industrial steam turbines in different industrial branches (chemistry, petrochemistry, refineries, sugar and ethanol plants, etc.) for a generator drive for electricity generation or a mechanical drive for compressors, blowers and pumps, is characterized by the need for high flexibility of operation. High flexibility includes numerous start-ups, shut-downs and power changes during the useful life. Changes in power and steam mass flow lead to changes of the working fluid state in the single turbine stages, and thus their aerodynamic and thermodynamic characteristics. During these transient working regimes in steam turbine rotors, large space and time-dependent temperature gradients appear, which can result in high non-stationary temperature stresses, i.e. increased local stress concentrations, what has a negative impact on the useful life of the rotor. In the worst case they can cause fracture of the turbine rotor. Today, for the determination of thermal stressed state of the steam turbine parts the user softwares based on numerical methods are used. In this paper the results of numerical modelling and calculations of non-stationary temperature fields and related stresses in the rotor of industrial steam turbine of 35 MW power during transient operating regime (a cold startup) will be presented. The results of the calculations serve for estimation of the transient regime impact on the stresses of the rotor, as well as on its entire useful life. Key words: industrial steam turbine, transient regimes, temperature stresses, numerical modelling 1.

Zvonimir Guzovi?; Krešimir Kova?i?; Tihomir Mihali?

137

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a large scale wind turbine are the tower, blades, and gearof large wind turbine (REpower MM92) Tower Rotor blades Gearwind turbine. Towers run from 40-100 meters, while blades

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Analysis of a teetered, variable-speed rotor: final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer model of a horizontal axis wind turbine (HOOT) with four structural degrees of freedom has been derived and verified. The four degrees of freedom include flapwise motion of the blades, teeter motion, and variable rotor speed. Options for the variable rotor speed include synchronous, induction, and constant-tip speed generator models with either start, stop, or normal operations. Verification is made by comparison with analytical solutions and mean and cyclic ESI-80 data. The Veers full-field turbulence model is used as a wind input for a synchronous and induction generator test case during normal operation. As a result of the comparison, it is concluded that the computer model can be used to predict accurately mean and cyclic loads with a turbulent wind input. 47 refs., 19 figs.

Weber, T.L.; Wilson, R.E.; Walker, S.N. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering) [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine of the type having an airfoil blade (15) mounted on a flexible beam (20) and a pitch governor (55) which selectively, torsionally twists the flexible beam in response to wind turbine speed thereby setting blade pitch, is provided with a limiter (85) which restricts unwanted pitch change at operating speeds due to torsional creep of the flexible beam. The limiter allows twisting of the beam by the governor under excessive wind velocity conditions to orient the blades in stall pitch positions, thereby preventing overspeed operation of the turbine. In the preferred embodiment, the pitch governor comprises a pendulum (65,70) which responds to changing rotor speed by pivotal movement, the limiter comprising a resilient member (90) which engages an end of the pendulum to restrict further movement thereof, and in turn restrict beam creep and unwanted blade pitch misadjustment.

Cheney, Jr., Marvin C. (Glastonbury, CT)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Polygonal shaft hole rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laminated rotor for an induction motor has a plurality of ferro-magnetic laminations mounted axially on a rotor shaft. Each of the plurality of laminations has a central aperture in the shape of a polygon with sides of equal length. The laminations are alternatingly rotated 180.degree. from one another so that the straight sides of the polygon shaped apertures are misaligned. As a circular rotor shaft is press fit into a stack of laminations, the point of maximum interference occurs at the midpoints of the sides of the polygon (i.e., at the smallest radius of the central apertures of the laminations). Because the laminates are alternatingly rotated, the laminate material at the points of maximum interference yields relatively easily into the vertices (i.e., the greatest radius of the central aperture) of the polygonal central aperture of the next lamination as the shaft is inserted into the stack of laminations. Because of this yielding process, the amount of force required to insert the shaft is reduced, and a tighter fit is achieved.

Hussey, John H. (St. Louis, MO); Rose, John Scott (Alton, IL); Meystrik, Jeffrey J. (Webster Groves, MO); White, Kent Lee (Maryland Heights, MO)

2001-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Homopolar motor with dual rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Dynamics: Large-Angle Motions in Euler-Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-angle rigid body rotations of a floating wind turbine in the time domain. The tower and rotor-nacelle assemblyFloating Offshore Wind Turbine Dynamics: Large-Angle Motions in Euler-Space Bert Sweetman Texas A wind turbines in deep water, where environmental forcing could subject the rotor to meaningful angular

Sweetman, Bert

144

Wind turbine spoiler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aerodynamic spoiler system for a vertical axis wind turbine includes spoilers on the blades initially stored near the rotor axis to minimize drag. A solenoid latch adjacent the central support tower releases the spoilers and centrifugal force causes the spoilers to move up the turbine blades away from the rotor axis, thereby producing a braking effect and actual slowing of the associated wind turbine, if desired. The spoiler system can also be used as an infinitely variable power control by regulated movement of the spoilers on the blades over the range between the undeployed and fully deployed positions. This is done by the use of a suitable powered reel and cable located at the rotor tower to move the spoilers.

Sullivan, William N. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Solenoid-free Plasma Start-up in NSTX using Transient CHI R. Raman 1), T.R. Jarboe 1), B.A. Nelson 1), D. Mueller 2), M.G. Bell 2), R. Bell 1),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Solenoid-free Plasma Start-up in NSTX using Transient CHI R. Raman 1), T.R. Jarboe 1), B sustainment and ramp-up of the toroidal plasma current. In these discharges, the central Ohmic transformer by CHI. The coupled discharges have ramped up to >700 kA and transitioned into an H-mode demonstrating

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

146

Ris-R-1486(EN) KNOW-BLADE Task-3.3 report; Rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an array of VGs. The wind turbine blade is the LM19.1 blade equipped with one pair of VGs placed at radiusRisø-R-1486(EN) KNOW-BLADE Task-3.3 report; Rotor Blade Computations with 3D Vortex Generators: KNOW-BLADE Task-3.3 report; Rotor Blade Computations with 3D Vortex Generators Risø-R-1486(EN) January

147

Final project report: High energy rotor development, test and evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the auspices of the {open_quotes}Government/Industry Wind Technology Applications Project{close_quotes} [{open_quotes}Letter of Interest{close_quotes} (LOI) Number RC-1-11101], Flo Wind Corp. has successfully developed, tested, and delivered a high-energy rotor upgrade candidate for their 19-meter Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. The project included the demonstration of the innovative extended height-to-diameter ratio concept, the development of a continuous span single-piece composite blade, the demonstration of a continuous blade manufacturing technique, the utilization of the Sandia National Laboratories developed SNLA 2150 natural laminar flow airfoil and the reuse of existing wind turbine and wind power plant infrastructure.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

SPINNER ANEMOMETRY -AN INNOVATIVE WIND MEASUREMENT CONCEPT TF Pedersen*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that it is positioned behind the rotor, and therefore measures wind that is influenced by the wakes of blade roots on a tripod. The spinner anemometer has been tested both in a large wind tunnel, and in the field. The sensors made during operation of the wind turbine. The wind tunnel tests confirm the concept ideas. Free field

149

Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(2) , Peder Enevoldsen (2) , Leo Thesbjerg (3) (1): Wind Energy Department, Risø of measuring the power curve is by using the wind speed at hub height. The assumption behind this is that the wind speed is representative of the wind over the whole turbine rotor. While this assumption

150

WP2 IEA Wind Task 26:The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Innovation Pathway LM Glasfiber Blades WindPACT BaselineBlade Data Mass (kg) LM Glasfiber Blades Rotor Radius (m)Innovation Pathway LM Glasfiber Blades TPI Innovative Blade

Lantz, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

WP2 IEA Wind Task 26:The Past and Future Cost of Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Innovation Pathway LM Glasfiber Blades WindPACT BaselineBlade Data Mass (kg) LM Glasfiber Blades Rotor Radius (m)Blade Innovation Pathway LM Glasfiber Blades TPI Innovative

Lantz, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Permanent magnet machine with windings having strand transposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This document discusses, among other things, a stator with transposition between the windings or coils. The coils are free from transposition to increase the fill factor of the stator slots. The transposition at the end connections between an inner coil and an outer coil provide transposition to reduce circulating current loss. The increased fill factor reduces further current losses. Such a stator is used in a dual rotor, permanent magnet machine, for example, in a compressor pump, wind turbine gearbox, wind turbine rotor.

Qu, Ronghai (Clifton Park, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

153

192 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, VOL. 4, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 Monitoring Wind Farms With Performance Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to varying loads, which in turn lead to wind turbine faults, e.g., spalled bearings and fractured gears--Three different operational curves--the power curve, rotor curve, and blade pitch curve--are presented the reference curves of wind power, rotor speed, and blade pitch angle, with wind speed as an input variable

Kusiak, Andrew

154

Method and apparatus for wind turbine air gap control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for assembling a wind turbine generator are provided. The wind turbine generator includes a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis, a rotor rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis wherein the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to a radially outer periphery of the rotor such that an airgap is defined between the stator windings and the magnetic elements and the plurality of magnetic elements including a radially inner periphery having a first diameter. The wind turbine generator also includes a bearing including a first member in rotatable engagement with a radially inner second member, the first member including a radially outer periphery, a diameter of the radially outer periphery of the first member being substantially equal to the first diameter, the rotor coupled to the stator through the bearing such that a substantially uniform airgap is maintained.

Grant, James Jonathan; Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran; Jansen, Patrick Lee; DiMascio, Paul Stephen; Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya; Qu, Ronghai

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

155

Abstract--This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS) which involve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS-inverter. The goal of control is to maximize wind energy extraction and this needs letting the wind turbine rotor wind energy extraction) only for one wind speed value depending on the considered value of turbine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

156

Mixer-Ejector Wind Turbine: Breakthrough High Efficiency Shrouded Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: FloDesign Wind Turbine’s innovative wind turbine, inspired by the design of jet engines, could deliver 300% more power than existing wind turbines of the same rotor diameter by extracting more energy over a larger area. FloDesign Wind Turbine’s unique shrouded design expands the wind capture area, and the mixing vortex downstream allows more energy to flow through the rotor without stalling the turbine. The unique rotor and shrouded design also provide significant opportunity for mass production and simplified assembly, enabling mid-scale turbines (approximately 100 kW) to produce power at a cost that is comparable to larger-scale conventional turbines.

None

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

157

Ris-R-1065(EN) Airfoil Characteristics for Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as input 3D CFD computations and wind tunnel measurements on a 41-m full-scale rotor with LM 19.1 blades rotor with LM 19.1 and LM 19.0 blades, respectively. The method requires measurements or CFD for use in the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) method are derived by use of systematic methods

158

Application of SAFER-PC program to determine turbine rotor boresonic inspection intervals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCC) used EPRI`s SAFER-PC Program to evaluate their HP/IP, LP, and generator rotors from Cherokee Station Unit 3, to determine appropriate boresonic re-inspection intervals. The program uses fracture mechanics to calculate critical crack sizes, which could lead to catastrophic failure of the rotors. Conservative stress and fracture mechanics analyses showed negligible fatigue crack growth of assumed bore surface cracks would occur over the proposed inspection interval of eighteen years. The evaluation assumed consistent operational start-up procedures for the inspection interval. If the unit experiences more severe operational procedures, the analysis may not be applicable, with smaller critical crack sizes and accelerated crack growth rates expected. The SAFER-PC analysis resulted in an extension of the previously recommended reinspection interval by eight years. By eliminating just this one inspection, PSCC achieved savings in the range of $100,000. Further savings are anticipated by utilizing the SAFER-PC Program to evaluate these and other PSCC rotors in the future.

Sachse, D.G.; Hellner, R.L.; Dupont, E.J. [Public Service Co., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Probabilistic analysis of meanline compressor rotor performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses variability in aerodynamic performance of a compressor rotor due to geometric variation. The performance of the rotor is computed using a meanline model that includes the effect of tip clearance ...

Fitzgerald, Nathan Andrew, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn.

Hultgren, Kent Goran (Winter Park, FL); McLaurin, Leroy Dixon (Winter Springs, FL); Bertsch, Oran Leroy (Titusville, FL); Lowe, Perry Eugene (Oviedo, FL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn. 5 figs.

Hultgren, K.G.; McLaurin, L.D.; Bertsch, O.L.; Lowe, P.E.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Control strategy for variable-speed, stall-regulated wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variable-speed, constant-pitch wind turbine was investigated to evaluate the feasibility of constraining its rotor speed and power output without the benefit of active aerodynamic control devices. A strategy was postulated to control rotational speed by specifying the demanded generator torque. By controlling rotor speed in relation to wind speed, the aerodynamic power extracted by the blades from the wind was manipulated. Specifically, the blades were caused to stall in high winds. In low and moderate winds, the demanded generator torque and the resulting rotor speed were controlled to cause the wind turbine to operate near maximum efficiency. A computational model was developed, and simulations were conducted of operation in high turbulent winds. Results indicated that rotor speed and power output were well regulated. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Muljadi, E.; Pierce, K.; Migliore, P.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Rotor Blades and Ground Effect Richard Purvis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotor Blades and Ground Effect Richard Purvis Department of Mathematics University College London to examine various aspects of rotor blade flows and ground effect. It explores two- and three- dimensional flows, generally concentrating upon regimes that have a degree of rel- evance to typical rotor blade

Purvis, Richard

164

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena, Hugo Eduardo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

IMPLEMENTATION OF WIND TURBINE CONTROLLERS W.E.Leithead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPLEMENTATION OF WIND TURBINE CONTROLLERS D.J.Leith W.E.Leithead Department of Electronic-speed wind turbines are considered, namely, (1) accommodation of the strongly nonlinear rotor aerodynamics derived and extended to cater for all wind turbine configurations. A rigorous stability analysis

Duffy, Ken

167

ATMOSPHERIC TURBULENCE MODELING AND IMPLICATIONS FOR WIND ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines off too early in high winds, or may risk severe damage to the rotors and blades by operating under Introduction Wind turbines sit at the very bottom of the at- mospheric boundary layer, where winds are highly turbulent, shear events are intermittent, and land- atmosphere interactions may be strong. Turbine hub

Chow, Fotini Katopodes

168

Designing Micro Wind Turbines for Portable Power Generation Francois Hogan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the design of a wind turbine rotor. Number of blades The number of blades does not have a significant impact on the efficiency of a wind turbine. We have chosen a two blade design because of ease of fabrication in order) (2) · This two blade micro wind turbine meets the optimal specifications to ensure good efficiency

Barthelat, Francois

169

DOE Seeking Proposals to Advance Distributed Wind Turbine Technology...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Project (CIP). The CIP aims to help U.S. manufacturers of small and mid-sized wind turbines with rotor swept areas up to 1,000 square meters improve their turbine designs and...

170

Stability Improvement of Wind Farms using Shunt and Series Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air density, Rotor effective wind speed. A Swept area of the turbine blade. Tip speed ratio. Cp, Torsion damping. Tm, Tae, Te Mechanical, Aerodynamic, and Electrical torque. Lm, Lrr Mutual inductance

Pota, Himanshu Roy

171

Coupled Dynamic Analysis of Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present study, a numerical simulation tool has been developed for the rotor-floater-tether coupled dynamic analysis of Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (MUFOWT) in the time domain including aero-blade-tower dynamics and control...

Bae, Yoon Hyeok

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

172

Passive aeroelastic tailoring of wind turbine blades : a numerical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research aims to have an impact towards a sustainable energy supply. In wind power generation losses occur at tip speed ratios which the rotor was not designed for. Since the ideal blade shape changes nonlinearly with ...

Deilmann, Christian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition BL3.199 Wake Modelling for intermediate and large wind farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 1 BL3.199 Wake Modelling for intermediate and large wind farms Ole Rathmann1, 3 , Sten Frandsen1 , and Rebecca Barthelmie2, 1 1 Wind Energy to after the rotor) AT . #12;Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 2 Figure 1

174

Electrically heated DPF start-up strategy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An exhaust system that processes exhaust generated by an engine has a diesel particulate filter (DPF) that is disposed downstream of the engine and that filters particulates in the exhaust. An electrical heater is disposed upstream of the DPF and selectively heats the exhaust to initiate combustion of the particulates. Heat generated by combustion of particulates in the heater induces combustion of particulates within the DPF. A control module selectively enables current flow to the electrical heater for an initial period of a DPF regeneration cycle, and limits exhaust flow while the electrical heater is heating to a predetermined soot combustion temperature.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Ament, Frank [Troy, MI

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Physics of Tokamak Start-Up  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation In closing, an National Carbon Capture Center at theDarkCarbon Capture6

176

Performance of Rotors in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a novel design of BDFM rotor, will perform in a BDFM configured as a variable speed generator. The results The BDFM is attractive as a variable speed generator for wind turbines. In this application, one stator. The BDFM operates in synchronous mode with a fixed relationship between the shaft speed, grid frequency

Cambridge, University of

177

Development and Validation of an Aeroelastic Model of a Small Furling Wind Turbine: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small wind turbines often use some form of furling (yawing and/or tilting out of the wind) to protect against excessive power generation and rotor speeds in high winds.The verification study demonstrated the correct implementation of FAST's furling dynamics. During validation, the model tends to predict mean rotor speeds higher than measured in spite of the fact that the mean furl motion and rotor thrust are predicted quite accurately. This work has culminated with an enhanced version of FAST that should prove to be a valuable asset to designers of small wind turbines.

Jonkman, J. M.; Hansen, A. C.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Optimum propeller wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Prandtl-Betz-Theodorsen theory of heavily loaded airscrews has been adapted to the design of propeller windmills which are to be optimized for maximum power coefficient. It is shown that the simpler, light-loading, constant-area wake assumption can generate significantly different ''optimum'' performance and geometry, and that it is therefore not appropriate to the design of propeller wind turbines when operating in their normal range of high-tip-speed-to-wind-speed ratio. Design curves for optimum power coefficient are presented and an example of the design of a typical two-blade optimum rotor is given.

Sanderson, R.J.; Archer, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Utilization of Wind Energy at High Altitude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current designs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1. Large power production capacity per unit - up to 5,000-10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2. The rotor operates at high altitude of 1-14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3. Installation cost per unit energy is low. 4. The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise). -- * Presented in International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference at Providence., RI, Aug. 16-19. 2004. AIAA-2004-5705. USA. Keyword: wind energy, cable energy transmission, utilization of wind energy at high altitude, air rotor, windmills, Bolonkin.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

A New Method to Find the Fractional Slot Windings Structures from a Distributed Slot Windings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a distributed slot permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM). It's a machine characterized by a distributed windings stator and a surface mounted PM rotor. First, a basic PMSM called "classical" has been studied performances assembled during the functional cycle of vehicle. Index Terms-- PMSM, distributed windings

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sensorless Adaptive Output Feedback Control of Wind Energy Systems with PMS Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sensorless Adaptive Output Feedback Control of Wind Energy Systems with PMS Generators A. El the problem of controlling wind energy conversion (WEC) systems involving permanent magnet synchronous is to maximize wind energy extraction which cannot be achieved without letting the wind turbine rotor operate

Boyer, Edmond

182

Optimization of a Small Passive Wind Turbine Generator with Multiobjective Genetic Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Multiobjective Optimization, Genetic Algorithms, Wind Energy, Vertical Axis Wind Turbine hal-00763673,version1 achieved by controlling the speed of a Wind Turbine Generator (WTG). In particular, the rotor speed should vary in accordance with the wind speed by maintaining the tip speed ratio to the value that maximizes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

Sandia National Laboratories: SMART Rotor Video  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* Video * Wind * wind energy Comments are closed. Renewable Energy Wind Energy Wind Plant Optimization Test Site Operations & Maintenance Safety: Test Facilities Capital Equipment...

184

Rotor blades for turbine engines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tip shroud that includes a plurality of damping fins, each damping fin including a substantially non-radially-aligned surface that is configured to make contact with a tip shroud of a neighboring rotor blade. At least one damping fin may include a leading edge damping fin and at least one damping fin may include a trailing edge damping fin. The leading edge damping fin may be configured to correspond to the trailing edge damping fin.

Piersall, Matthew R; Potter, Brian D

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed Taylor's frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution is applied to a frozen wind field used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements are also evaluated with a large eddy simulation of a stable boundary layer provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Simulation results show the combined effects of LIDAR errors and wind evolution for realistic turbine-mounted LIDAR measurement scenarios.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Method for manufacturing a rotor having superconducting coils  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for manufacturing a rotor for use with a rotating machine is provided that employs a superconducting coil on the rotor. An adhesive is applied to an outer surface of the rotor body, which may include a groove disposed within an outer surface of the rotor body. A superconducting coil is then mounted onto the rotor body such that the adhesive bonds the superconducting coil to the rotor body.

Driscoll, David I. (South Euclid, OH); Shoykhet, Boris A. (Beachwood, OH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Wind turbine generators having wind assisted cooling systems and cooling methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator includes: a nacelle; a hub carried by the nacelle and including at least a pair of wind turbine blades; and an electricity producing generator including a stator and a rotor carried by the nacelle. The rotor is connected to the hub and rotatable in response to wind acting on the blades to rotate the rotor relative to the stator to generate electricity. A cooling system is carried by the nacelle and includes at least one ambient air inlet port opening through a surface of the nacelle downstream of the hub and blades, and a duct for flowing air from the inlet port in a generally upstream direction toward the hub and in cooling relation to the stator.

Bagepalli, Bharat (Niskayuna, NY); Barnes, Gary R. (Delanson, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha D. (Rexford, NY); Jansen, Patrick L. (Scotia, NY); Bouchard, Jr., Charles G. (Schenectady, NY); Jarczynski, Emil D. (Scotia, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Cambridge, MA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

188

he defining element of modern wind farms is the pro-peller-like structure known as a horizontal-axis wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-axis wind turbine.Amarvel of engineering, the HAWT typically comprises more than 8000 parts, and its blades by the wind turbine's rotor blades. The second term (with the leading factor of 1 /2 in- cluded turbines (VAWTs), whose airfoil blades rotate about a vertical axis. In schooling fish and wind

Dabiri, John O.

189

Multiple piece turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple piece turbine rotor blade with a shell having an airfoil shape and secured between a spar and a platform with the spar including a tip end piece. a snap ring fits around the spar and abuts against the spar tip end piece on a top side and abuts against a shell on the bottom side so that the centrifugal loads from the shell is passed through the snap ring and into the spar and not through a tip cap dovetail slot and projection structure.

Jones, Russell B; Fedock, John A

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

190

Optimum balancing for flexible rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the donation of vibration pick-ups and the loan of precious equipment. A special appreciation is extended to my friend, Miss Mei Ou-Yang, for her assistance, encouragement and unselfish support during the preparation and completion of this project. Last... Balancing Fig. 9 Typical Phase Lag Between Force and Vibration Amplitude Chart 14 20 Fig. 10 Typical Principal Modes for a Symmetric and Uniform Shaft 21 Fig. ll Test Rig Setup Fig. 12 Typical Rotor, Probe and Probe Stand Fig. 13 Critical Speed VS...

Fu, Her James

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Predictive Maintenance Policy Based on the Blade of Offshore Wind Wenjin Zhu, Troyes University of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Predictive Maintenance Policy Based on the Blade of Offshore Wind Turbine Wenjin Zhu, Troyes, Paris-Erdogan law, rotor blade, wind turbine SUMMARY & CONCLUSIONS Based on the modeling and the better quality of the wind resource in the sea, the installation of wind turbines is shifting from

McCalley, James D.

192

Radial-radial single rotor turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

193

Brushless exciters using a high temperature superconducting field winding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A brushless exciter for a synchronous generator or motor generally includes a stator and a rotor rotatably disposed within the stator. The rotor has a field winding and a voltage rectifying bridge circuit connected in parallel to the field winding. A plurality of firing circuits are connected the voltage rectifying bridge circuit. The firing circuit is configured to fire a signal at an angle of less than 90.degree. or at an angle greater than 90.degree.. The voltage rectifying bridge circuit rectifies the AC voltage to excite or de-excite the field winding.

Garces, Luis Jose (Schenectady, NY); Delmerico, Robert William (Clifton Park, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY); Parslow, John Harold (Scotia, NY); Sanderson, Harold Copeland (Tribes Hill, NY); Sinha, Gautam (Chesterfield, MO)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

194

Understanding Inertial and Frequency Response of Wind Power Plants: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to analyze and quantify the inertia and frequency responses of wind power plants with different wind turbine technologies (particularly those of fixed speed, variable slip with rotor-resistance controls, and variable speed with vector controls).

Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.; Singh, M.; Santoso, S.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 96 (2008) 503523  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with such spectral models can be in turn highly variable for different realizations. Turbine load and performance a wind velocity field over spatial dimensions on the scale of the turbine rotor diameter in accordance of uncertainty in inflow turbulence to wind turbine loads Korn Saranyasoontorn, Lance ManuelĂ? Department of Civil

Manuel, Lance

196

Toward Controlled Wind Farm Output: Adjustable Power Filtering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind energy is extracted by the turbine blades. CP depends on the tip-speed ratio, , defined as = Rh structure for a fully-rated converter interfaced wind turbine. A singular perturbations decomposition the static curve that describes the aerodynamic conversion of energy by the bladed turbine rotor

Lehn, Peter W.

197

CHALLENGES OF INTEGRATING LARGE AMOUNTS OF WIND Jonathan D. Rose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Many early wind turbines utilized a squirrel-cage or wound-rotor induction generator to produce and turbine improvements that make wind energy more grid-compatible to ensure further growth of this promising, doubly- fed induction and synchronous machines. It also considers the evolution of new grid codes

Hiskens, Ian A.

198

Wind turbine generator with improved operating subassemblies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine includes a yaw spring return assembly to return the nacelle from a position to which it has been rotated by yawing forces, thus preventing excessive twisting of the power cables and control cables. It also includes negative coning restrainers to limit the bending of the flexible arms of the rotor towards the tower, and stop means on the rotor shaft to orient the blades in a vertical position during periods when the unit is upwind when the wind commences. A pendulum pitch control mechanism is improved by orienting the pivot axis for the pendulum arm at an angle to the longitudinal axis of its support arm, and excessive creep is of the synthetic resin flexible beam support for the blades is prevented by a restraining cable which limits the extent of pivoting of the pendulum during normal operation but which will permit further pivoting under abnormal conditions to cause the rotor to stall.

Cheney, Jr., Marvin C. (24 Stonepost Rd., Glastonbury, CT 06033)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Load attenuating passively adaptive wind turbine blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for improving wind turbine performance by alleviating loads and controlling the rotor. The invention employs the use of a passively adaptive blade that senses the wind velocity or rotational speed, and accordingly modifies its aerodynamic configuration. The invention exploits the load mitigation prospects of a blade that twists toward feather as it bends. The invention includes passively adaptive wind turbine rotors or blades with currently preferred power control features. The apparatus is a composite fiber horizontal axis wind-turbine blade, in which a substantial majority of fibers in the blade skin are inclined at angles of between 15 and 30 degrees to the axis of the blade, to produces passive adaptive aeroelastic tailoring (bend-twist coupling) to alleviate loading without unduly jeopardizing performance.

Veers, Paul S. (Albuquerque, NM); Lobitz, Donald W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Load attenuating passively adaptive wind turbine blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for improving wind turbine performance by alleviating loads and controlling the rotor. The invention employs the use of a passively adaptive blade that senses the wind velocity or rotational speed, and accordingly modifies its aerodynamic configuration. The invention exploits the load mitigation prospects of a blade that twists toward feather as it bends. The invention includes passively adaptive wind turbine rotors or blades with currently preferred power control features. The apparatus is a composite fiber horizontal axis wind-turbine blade, in which a substantial majority of fibers in the blade skin are inclined at angles of between 15 and 30 degrees to the axis of the blade, to produces passive adaptive aeroelastic tailoring (bend-twist coupling) to alleviate loading without unduly jeopardizing performance.

Veers, Paul S.; Lobitz, Donald W.

2003-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

FINAL REPORT START-UP AND COMMISSIONING TESTS ON THE DURAMELTER 1200 HLW PILOT MELTER SYSTEM USING AZ-101 HLW SIMULANTS VSL-01R0100-2 REV 0 1/20/03  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the final report on data and results obtained from commissioning tests performed on the one-third scale DuraMelter{trademark} 1200 (DM 1200) HLW Pilot Melter system that has been installed at VSL with an integrated prototypical off-gas treatment system. That system has replaced the DM1000 system that was used for HLW throughput testing during Part BI [1]. Both melters have similar melt surface areas (1.2 m{sup 2}) but the DM1200 is prototypical of the present RPP-WTP HLW melter design whereas the DM1000 was not. These tests were performed under a corresponding RPP-WTP Test Specification and associated Test Plan. This report is a followup to the previously issued Preliminary Data Summary Report. The DM1200 system will be used for testing and confirmation of basic design, operability, flow sheet, and process control assumptions as well as for support of waste form qualification and permitting. This will include data on processing rates, off-gas treatment system performance, recycle stream compositions, as well as process operability and reliability. Consequently, this system is a key component of the overall HLW vitrification development strategy. The results presented in this report are from the initial series of short-duration tests that were conducted to support the start-up and commissioning of this system prior to conducting the main body of development tests that have been planned for this system. These tests were directed primarily at system 'debugging,' operator training, and procedure refinement. The AZ-101 waste simulant and glass composition that was used for previous testing was selected for these tests.

KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS; KOT WK; BRANDYS M; WILSON CN; SCHATZ TR; GONG W; PEGG IL

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

203

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

Effect of Dynamic Stall on the Aerodynamics of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Dynamic Stall on the Aerodynamics of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines Frank Scheurich of the aerodynamic performance of vertical-axis wind turbines pose a significant challenge for computational fluid of the aerodynamics of a vertical- axis wind turbine that consists of three curved rotor blades that are twisted

McCalley, James D.

205

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics A Framework for the Reliability Analysis of Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Wind Turbines against Windstorms and Non-Standard Inflow Definitions Lance Manuel1 Dept. of Civil typical wind turbine systems are yet to be characterized in ways that drive aeroelastic loads and design., but the coherence structure and turbulence kinetics at the spatial scale of wind turbine rotors are not as well

Manuel, Lance

206

Simulation of large-amplitude motion of floating wind turbines using conservation of momentum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a floating wind turbine support structure capable of maintaining a near-vertical tower requires buoyancy far. The compliant floating wind turbine system can be considered as a multi-body system including tower, rotorSimulation of large-amplitude motion of floating wind turbines using conservation of momentum Lei

Sweetman, Bert

207

Towns across Massachusetts are considering wind power, not only because it is one of the cleanest,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Unlike conventional power plants, where a wind turbine is located has a major effect on the amount and maintenance equipment. Distance to transmission lines and loads ­ Elec- tricity generated by a wind turbine of surface roughness. Taller towers can also be used to get the rotor above the turbulent zone. · · Wind

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

208

Advanced Signal Processing Techniques for Fault Detection and Diagnosis in a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotor bars and bearing damages. Index Terms--Wind turbines, motor current signature analy- sis, time factors, such as wind speed and acoustic noise, wind parks are being mainly constructed offshore. Studies. Different methods of fault detection exist. These include monitoring of the acoustic vibration, internal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

A feasibility study of wind turbine blade surface crack detection using an optical inspection method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A feasibility study of wind turbine blade surface crack detection using an optical inspection technique was investigated to assess its ability to detect surface flaws on an on-tower wind turbine blade and investors. Rotor blades are one of the largest mechanical components of a wind turbine and cannot

McCalley, James D.

210

Numerical Analysis of Winglets on Wind Turbine Blades using CFD Jeppe Johansen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Analysis of Winglets on Wind Turbine Blades using CFD Jeppe Johansen and Niels N of adding a winglet to a wind turbine rotor is to decrease the total drag from the blades and thereby increase. The resulting pressure difference on an operating wind turbine blade causes inward spanwise flow

211

Session: Poster Session + Poster Award + Scientific Award + Excellent young wind doctor award (PO.106) Track: Technical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The wind turbines are controlled by the pitch of the rotor blades, the electromagnetic torque.106) Track: Technical MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL OF A WIND TURBINE WITH CONSTRAINTS (abstract-ID: 224 the possibility to handle constraints on inputs, states and outputs of a controlled plant such as a wind turbine

212

Challenges in Simulation of Aerodynamics, Hydrodynamics, and Mooring-Line Dynamics of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the current major modeling challenges for floating offshore wind turbine design tools and describes aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects due to rotor and platform motions and usage of non-slender support structures.

Matha, D.; Schlipf, M.; Cordle, A.; Pereira, R.; Jonkman, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Acoustic modulation effect of rotating stator/rotor interaction noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

order, B(k) is the number of rotor blades, (k) is the angular velocity of the rotor, (l) is the angular on the rotor blades and on the fixed parts. According to the Ffowcs-Williams and Hawk- ings analogy comes from the periodic forces on the rotor blades and the forces on the other static parts of the fan

Boyer, Edmond

214

Safety Warnings Quad Rotors (Quad-Pilot 2 F.3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Warnings Quad Rotors (Quad-Pilot 2 F.3) The quad rotor "quad-pilot 2 F.3" is a complicated accidents from taking place. Operation of the quad rotor should be performed in a safe and responsible not accept any liability for damage and consequent damage arising from the use of the quad rotors, as we have

Langendoen, Koen

215

Removable bearing arrangement for a wind turbine generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator having removable change-out bearings includes a rotor and a stator, locking bolts configured to lock the rotor and stator, a removable bearing sub-assembly having at least one shrunk-on bearing installed, and removable mounting bolts configured to engage the bearing sub-assembly and to allow the removable bearing sub-assembly to be removed when the removable mounting bolts are removed.

Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran; Jansen, Patrick Lee; Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Method for changing removable bearing for a wind turbine generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind generator having removable change-out bearings includes a rotor and a stator, locking bolts configured to lock the rotor and stator, a removable bearing sub-assembly having at least one shrunk-on bearing installed, and removable mounting bolts configured to engage the bearing sub-assembly and to allow the removable bearing sub-assembly to be removed when the removable mounting bolts are removed.

Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

217

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report documents the data post-processing and analysis performed to date on the field test data.

218

Sandia National Laboratories: capture more wind with longer rotors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wavearc-faultbest paperbiomarineblendingthe

219

Sandia National Laboratories: increasing average wind-turbine rotor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine blade manufacturing the viability offuelincreaseddiameter

220

Sandia National Laboratories: wind-turbine rotor design  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systems controller systems Scaled Windwhite LEDwind turbines

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN7 Roadmap forDKT.Awards and IncentivesSHARPofofSMART

222

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interlayer toughening mechanism is described to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0{degree} to 90{degree} to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles. 2 figs.

Groves, S.E.; Deteresa, S.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

224

A carbon nanotube bearing and Stodola rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nano-scale rotor supported on a cantilevered multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) shaft (Stodola configuration) is proposed. The nanotube is also expected to function as the bearing, since individual walls of a MWNT are not ...

Cook, Eugene Hightower

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A reduced Blade-Vortex Interaction rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REDUCED BLADE - VORTEX INTERACTION ROTOR A Thesis by SOMNATH MANI . Submitted to the Offic of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1996 Major... Subject: Aerospace Engineering A REDUCED BLADE - VORTEX INTERACTION ROTOR A Thesis by SOMNATH MANI Submitted to Texas A@M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content...

Mani, Somnath

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wind derivatives: hedging wind risk:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Wind derivatives are financial contracts that can be used to hedge or mitigate wind risk. In this thesis, the focus was on pricing these wind… (more)

Hoyer, S.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Survey of techniques for reduction of wind turbine blade trailing edge noise.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aerodynamic noise from wind turbine rotors leads to constraints in both rotor design and turbine siting. The primary source of aerodynamic noise on wind turbine rotors is the interaction of turbulent boundary layers on the blades with the blade trailing edges. This report surveys concepts that have been proposed for trailing edge noise reduction, with emphasis on concepts that have been tested at either sub-scale or full-scale. These concepts include trailing edge serrations, low-noise airfoil designs, trailing edge brushes, and porous trailing edges. The demonstrated noise reductions of these concepts are cited, along with their impacts on aerodynamic performance. An assessment is made of future research opportunities in trailing edge noise reduction for wind turbine rotors.

Barone, Matthew Franklin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Univ. of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana); (Georgia Institute of Technology)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Combined Experiment Phase 1. [Horizontal axis wind turbines: wind tunnel testing versus field testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How does wind tunnel airfoil data differ from the airfoil performance on an operating horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) The National Renewable Energy laboratory has been conducting a comprehensive test program focused on answering this question and understanding the basic fluid mechanics of rotating HAWT stall aerodynamics. The basic approach was to instrument a wind rotor, using an airfoil that was well documented by wind tunnel tests, and measure operating pressure distributions on the rotating blade. Based an the integrated values of the pressure data, airfoil performance coefficients were obtained, and comparisons were made between the rotating data and the wind tunnel data. Care was taken to the aerodynamic and geometric differences between the rotating and the wind tunnel models. This is the first of two reports describing the Combined Experiment Program and its results. This Phase I report covers background information such as test setup and instrumentation. It also includes wind tunnel test results and roughness testing.

Butterfield, C.P.; Musial, W.P.; Simms, D.A.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Prediction of stochastic blade loads for three-bladed, rigid-hub rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurately predicting wind turbine blade loads and response is important for the design of future wind turbines. The need to include turbulent wind inputs in structural dynamics models is widely recognized. In this paper, the Force and Loads Analysis Program (FLAP) code will be used to predict turbulence-induced bending moments for the SERI Combined Experiment rotor blade and the Howden 330-kW blade. FLAP code predictions will be compared to the power spectra of measured blade-bending moments. Two methods will be used to generate turbulent wind inputs to FLAP: a theoretical simulation: the Pacific Northwest Laboratories (PNL) simulation theory; and measured wind-speed data taken from an array of anemometers upwind of the turbine. Turbulent wind-speed time series are input to FLAP for both methods outlined above. Power spectra of predicted flap-bending moments are compared to measured results for different wind conditions. Conclusions are also drawn as to the ability of the turbulence simulation models to provide accurate wind input to FLAP and to FLAP's ability to accurately simulate blade response to turbulence. Finally, suggestions are made as to needed improvements in the theoretical model. 11 refs., 8 figs.

Wright, A.D.; Weber, T.L.; Thresher, R.W.; Butterfield, C.P.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

User's Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP). [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user's guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

User`s Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Turbine bearings and rotor dynamics workshop: proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An EPRI workshop to address turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics was co-hosted by Detroit Edison in Dearborn, Michigan on September 8-10, 1982. The 136 attendees represented a broad spectrum of US utilities, equipment manufacturers, and consultants, as well as representatives from England, Japan, and Switzerland. These proceedings contain the text of the formal presentations as well as summaries of the working group sessions which were devoted to topics of particular interest to the workshop participants. Formal presentations were organized under the following general session titles: utility experience and advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; recent advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; utility experience and advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics; and recent advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics. In addition to the technical presentations, working group sessions were held on selected topics relevant to turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics. These groups provided a forum for engineers to exchange ideas and information in a less formal environment. The discussions provided attendees with an opportunity to discuss key issues in more detail and address subjects not covered in the formal presentations. The subjects of these working groups were: rotor dynamic analysis and problem solving; vibration signature analysis and field balancing; oil contamination monitoring and control; and operation and maintenance practices. Individual papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA.

Brown, R.G.; Quilliam, J.F. (eds.)

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

active elevon rotor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

235

active twist rotor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

236

advanced turbocharger rotor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

237

active flap rotor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

238

advanced rotor systems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

239

adiabatic rotor model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

240

asymmetric rotor model: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship between direct operating cost and departure noise annoyance was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt rotor aircraft designs to meet various ...

Faulkner, Henry B.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Accelerator dynamics of a fractional kicked rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the Weyl fractional derivative can quantize an open system. A fractional kicked rotor is studied in the framework of the fractional Schrodinger equation. The system is described by the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian by virtue of the Weyl fractional derivative. Violation of space symmetry leads to acceleration of the orbital momentum. Quantum localization saturates this acceleration, such that the average value of the orbital momentum can be a direct current and the system behaves like a ratchet. The classical counterpart is a nonlinear kicked rotor with absorbing boundary conditions.

A. Iomin

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

Ultra-Micro Wave Rotor Investigations Florin Iancu, Janusz Piechna*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nowowiejska Str., 00-665 Warsaw, Poland Abstract Ultra Micro Gas Turbines (UµGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords: PowerMEMS, wave rotor, ultra micro gas turbine, pressure exchanger, efficiency 1

MĂĽller, Norbert

244

Texas Fluid Dynamics Meeting, 2013 STABILITY OF ROTOR WAKES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al.(2000) [1] did eigenvalue stability analysis on multi-bladed helicopter rotor wakes and found, of multi-bladed helicopter rotor wake. Despite various analytical, numerical and flow visualiza- tion-scale four- bladed helicopter rotor in hover [6,7], revealed some impor- tant observations. Investigations

Tinney, Charles E.

245

Modeling of a rotor speed transient response with radial rubbing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by an accidental blade­off imbalance. In order to assess the angular deceleration of the rotor due to rubbingModeling of a rotor speed transient response with radial rubbing Sébastien Roques1 Institut deGill Univer- sity, 817 Sherbrooke St West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6, Canada Abstract A rotor­stator model

Boyer, Edmond

246

On the Classification of Universal Rotor-Routers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The combinatorial theory of rotor-routers has connections with problems of statistical mechanics, graph theory, chaos theory, and computer science. A rotor-router network defines a deterministic walk on a digraph G in which a particle walks from a source vertex until it reaches one of several target vertices. Motivated by recent results due to Giacaglia et al., we study rotor-router networks in which all non-target vertices have the same type. A rotor type r is universal if every hitting sequence can be achieved by a homogeneous rotor-router network consisting entirely of rotors of type r. We give a conjecture that completely classifies universal rotor types. Then, this problem is simplified by a theorem we call the Reduction Theorem that allows us to consider only two-state rotors. A rotor-router network called the compressor, because it tends to shorten rotor periods, is introduced along with an associated algorithm that determines the universality of almost all rotors. New rotor classes, including boppy ro...

He, Xiaoyu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aerodynamics of Rotors in Forward Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aerodynamics of Rotors in Forward Flight The prediction of rotor blade aerodynamic loads, especially in forward flight, requires accurate and efficient modeling of several distinct to the nonlinear interaction between the rotor aerodynamics, trim, aeroelasticity and blade dynamics. As stated

248

Rotor bore and turbine rotor wheel/spacer heat exchange flow circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a turbine having closed-circuit steam-cooling passages about the rim of the rotor during steady-state operation, compressor discharge air is supplied to the rotor bore for passage radially outwardly into the wheel space cavities between the wheels and spacers. Communicating slots and channels in the spacers and wheels at circumferentially spaced positions enable egress of the compressor discharge air into the hot gas flow path. At turbine startup, cooling air flows through the closed-circuit steam passages to cool the outer rim of the rotor while compressor discharge air pre-warms the wheels and spacers. At steady-state, cooling steam is supplied in the closed-circuit steam-cooling passages and compressor discharge air is supplied through the bore and into the wheel space cavities to cool the rotor.

Caruso, Philip M. (Selkirk, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Quentin (Saratoga Springs, NY); Ladhani, Azad A. (Niskayuna, NY); DeMania, Alan Richard (Niskayuna, NY); Palmer, Gene David (Clifton Park, NY); Wilson, Ian David (Clifton Park, NY); Rathbun, Lisa Shirley (Scotia, NY); Akin, Robert Craig (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Voith High Efficiency HM Rotor Energy Data, A Repulper Rotor Design Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently completed demonstration project, funded partly by the Wisconsin Focus on Energy program and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, shows the effectiveness of an energy efficient repulper rotor design compared with that of a conventional...

Aue, J.; Fineran, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Active load control techniques for wind turbines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview on the current state of wind turbine control and introduces a number of active techniques that could be potentially used for control of wind turbine blades. The focus is on research regarding active flow control (AFC) as it applies to wind turbine performance and loads. The techniques and concepts described here are often described as 'smart structures' or 'smart rotor control'. This field is rapidly growing and there are numerous concepts currently being investigated around the world; some concepts already are focused on the wind energy industry and others are intended for use in other fields, but have the potential for wind turbine control. An AFC system can be broken into three categories: controls and sensors, actuators and devices, and the flow phenomena. This report focuses on the research involved with the actuators and devices and the generated flow phenomena caused by each device.

van Dam, C.P. (University of California, Davis, CA); Berg, Dale E.; Johnson, Scott J. (University of California, Davis, CA)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Cost of Wind Energy in the United States: Trends from 2007 to 2012 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of recent technology trends observed in the United States including project size, turbine size, rotor diameter, hub height, annual average wind speed, and annual energy production. It also highlights area where system analysis is required to fully understand how these technology trends relate to the cost of wind energy.

Hand, M.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Robust STATCOM control for the stabilisation of fixed-speed wind turbines during low voltages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and rotor- speed instability and more so if the wind turbine is connected to a weak grid. To prevent is still being produced by squirrel-cage induction generators (SCIGs) which are directly connected to the grid and operate at an almost fixed-speed [3]. They are advantageous as wind generators for their low

Pota, Himanshu Roy

253

Application of Damage Detection Techniques Using Wind Turbine Modal Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As any structure ages, its structural characteristics will also change. The goal of this work was to determine if modal response data fkom a wind turbine could be used in the detection of damage. The input stimuli to the wind turbine were from traditional modal hammer input and natural wind excitation. The structural response data was acquired using accelerometers mounted on the rotor of a parked and undamaged horizontal-axis wind turbine. The bolts at the root of one of the three blades were then loosened to simulate a damaged blade. The structural response data of the rotor was again recorded. The undamaged and damage-simulated datasets were compared using existing darnage detection algorithms. Also, a novel algorithm for combining the results of different damage detection algorithms was utilized in the assessment of the data. This paper summarizes the code development and discusses some preliminary damage detection results.

Gross, E.; Rumsey, M.; Simmermacher, T.; Zadoks, R.I.

1998-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

254

Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid vehicles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the power system comprises an electric machine (12) further comprising a first excitation source (47), a permanent magnet rotor (28) and a magnetic coupling rotor (26) spaced from the permanent magnet rotor and at least one second excitation source (43), the magnetic coupling rotor (26) also including a flywheel having an inertial mass to store kinetic energy during an initial acceleration to an operating speed; and wherein the first excitation source is electrically connected to the second excitation source for power cycling such that the flywheel rotor (26) exerts torque on the permanent magnet rotor (28) to assist braking and acceleration of the permanent magnet rotor (28) and consequently, the vehicle. An axial gap machine and a radial gap machine are disclosed and methods of the invention are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2014) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary Correspondence M. Wächter, ForWind-Center for Wind Energy Research, Institute of Physics, Carl Von Ossietzky on the operation of wind energy converters (WECs) imposing different risks especially in terms of highly dynamic

Peinke, Joachim

256

Sandia National Laboratories: Wind Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wave EnergyLinks WaterWind Energy National Rotor

257

Abstract--In this paper, we present the voltage build up process and the terminal voltage control of an isolated wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an isolated wind powered induction generator driven by a variable speed wind turbine using rotor flux oriented, but they can be set to operate within a given variation of speed. Unlike a grid connected induction generator and the speed, torque and fluxes as its outputs. Key words-- Wind energy system, Induction generator, Saturation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Srensen, Ris National Laboratory, P.O.Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARDS FOR MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING OF WIND TURBINE POWER QUALITY Poul Sørensen, Risø National and verification of wind turbine power quality. The work has been organised in three major activities. The first farm summation on the power quality of wind turbines with constant rotor speed. The third activity has

Heinemann, Detlev

259

Design and Test of DC Voltage Link Conversion System and Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Variable-Speed Wind Energy Applications: August 1999--May 2003  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes four low-cost alternative power converters for processing the power developed by a doubly fed wound-rotor induction generator for wind energy conversion systems.

Lipo, T.A.; Panda, D.; Zarko, D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Fourth Annual Progress Report on the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind Generator: Final Report for the Period 1 April 1979 - 31 August 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional wind energy systems are limited in wind turbine diameter by allowable rotor stresses at power levels of several megawatts. In contrast, the Electrofluid Dynamic (EFD) wind driven generator has no fundamental limits on cross sectional area. It is a direct energy conversion device which employs unipolar charged particles transported by the wind against a retarding voltage gradient to a high potential. As no moving parts are exposed to the wind, extremely large power units may be feasible.

Minardi, J. E.; Lawson, M. O.; Wattendorf, F. L.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A conservative control strategy for variable-speed stall-regulated wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simulation models of a variable-speed, fixed-pitch wind turbine were investigated to evaluate the feasibility of constraining rotor speed and power output without the benefit of active aerodynamic control devices. A strategy was postulated to control rotational speed by specifying the demanded generator torque. By controlling rotor speed in relation to wind speed, the aerodynamic power extracted by the blades from the wind was manipulated. Specifically, the blades were caused to stall in high winds. In low and moderate winds, the demanded generator torque and the resulting rotor speed were controlled to cause the wind turbine to operate near maximum efficiency. Using the developed models, simulations were conducted of operation in turbulent winds. Results indicated that rotor speed and power output were well regulated. Preliminary investigations of system dynamics showed that, compared to fixed-speed operation, variable-speed operation caused cyclic loading amplitude to be reduced for the turbine blades and low-speed shaft and slightly increased for the tower loads. This result suggests a favorable impact on fatigue life from implementation of the proposed control strategy.

Muljadi, E.; Pierce, K.; Migliore, P.

2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

262

Electrofriction method of manufacturing squirrel cage rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of making a squirrel cage rotor of copper material for use in AC or DC motors, includes forming a core with longitudinal slots, inserting bars of conductive material in the slots, with ends extending out of opposite ends of the core, and joining the end rings to the bars, wherein the conductive material of either the end rings or the bars is copper. Various methods of joining the end rings to the bars are disclosed including electrofriction welding, current pulse welding and brazing, transient liquid phase joining and casting. Pressure is also applied to the end rings to improve contact and reduce areas of small or uneven contact between the bar ends and the end rings. Rotors made with such methods are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S.

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

263

Advanced wind turbine with lift cancelling aileron for shutdown  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced aileron configuration for wind turbine rotors featuring an independent, lift generating aileron connected to the rotor blade. The aileron has an airfoil profile which is inverted relative to the airfoil profile of the main section of the rotor blade. The inverted airfoil profile of the aileron allows the aileron to be used for strong positive control of the rotation of the rotor while deflected to angles within a control range of angles. The aileron functions as a separate, lift generating body when deflected to angles within a shutdown range of angles, generating lift with a component acting in the direction opposite the direction of rotation of the rotor. Thus, the aileron can be used to shut down rotation of the rotor. The profile of the aileron further allows the center of rotation to be located within the envelope of the aileron, at or near the centers of pressure and mass of the aileron. The location of the center of rotation optimizes aerodynamically and gyroscopically induced hinge moments and provides a fail safe configuration.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Juengst, Theresa M. (Warren, VT); Zuteck, Michael D. (Kemah, TX)

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

264

Dynamical Localization in Kicked Quantum Rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The periodically $\\delta$-kicked quantum linear rotor is known to experience non-classical bounded energy growth due to quantum dynamical localization in angular momentum space. We study the effect of random deviations of the kick period in simulations and experiments. This breaks the energy and angular momentum localization and increases the rotational alignment, which is the analog of the onset of Anderson localization in 1-D chains.

Kamalov, Andrei; Bucksbaum, Philip H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

COE projection for the modular WARP{trademark} wind power system for wind farms and electric utility power transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power has emerged as an attractive alternative source of electricity for utilities. Turbine operating experience from wind farms has provided corroborating data of wind power potential for electric utility application. Now, a patented modular wind power technology, the Toroidal Accelerator Rotor Platform (TARP{trademark}) Windframe{trademark}, forms the basis for next generation megawatt scale wind farm and/or distributed wind power plants. When arranged in tall vertically clustered TARP{trademark} module stacks, such power plant units are designated Wind Amplified Rotor Platform (WARP{trademark}) Systems. While heavily building on proven technology, these systems are projected to surpass current technology windmills in terms of performance, user-friendly operation and ease of maintenance. In its unique generation and transmission configuration, the WARP{trademark}-GT System combines both electricity generation through wind energy conversion and electric power transmission. Furthermore, environmental benefits include dramatically less land requirement, architectural appearance, lower noise and EMI/TV interference, and virtual elimination of bird mortality potential. Cost-of-energy (COE) is projected to be from under $0.02/kWh to less than $0.05/kWh in good to moderate wind resource sites.

Weisbrich, A.L. [ENECO, West Simsbury, CT (United States); Ostrow, S.L.; Padalino, J. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, New York, NY (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Wind-To-Hydrogen Energy Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

WIND-TO-HYDROGEN ENERGY PILOT PROJECT: BASIN ELECTRIC POWER COOPERATIVE In an effort to address the hurdles of wind-generated electricity (specifically wind's intermittency and transmission capacity limitations) and support development of electrolysis technology, Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC) conducted a research project involving a wind-to-hydrogen system. Through this effort, BEPC, with the support of the Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota, evaluated the feasibility of dynamically scheduling wind energy to power an electrolysis-based hydrogen production system. The goal of this project was to research the application of hydrogen production from wind energy, allowing for continued wind energy development in remote wind-rich areas and mitigating the necessity for electrical transmission expansion. Prior to expending significant funding on equipment and site development, a feasibility study was performed. The primary objective of the feasibility study was to provide BEPC and The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to make a determination whether or not to proceed with Phase II of the project, which was equipment procurement, installation, and operation. Four modes of operation were considered in the feasibility report to evaluate technical and economic merits. Mode 1 - scaled wind, Mode 2 - scaled wind with off-peak, Mode 3 - full wind, and Mode 4 - full wind with off-peak In summary, the feasibility report, completed on August 11, 2005, found that the proposed hydrogen production system would produce between 8000 and 20,000 kg of hydrogen annually depending on the mode of operation. This estimate was based on actual wind energy production from one of the North Dakota (ND) wind farms of which BEPC is the electrical off-taker. The cost of the hydrogen produced ranged from $20 to $10 per kg (depending on the mode of operation). The economic sensitivity analysis performed as part of the feasibility study showed that several factors can greatly affect, both positively and negatively, the "per kg" cost of hydrogen. After a September 15, 2005, meeting to evaluate the advisability of funding Phase II of the project DOE concurred with BEPC that Phase I results did warrant a "go" recommendation to proceed with Phase II activities. The hydrogen production system was built by Hydrogenics and consisted of several main components: hydrogen production system, gas control panel, hydrogen storage assembly and hydrogen-fueling dispenser The hydrogen production system utilizes a bipolar alkaline electrolyzer nominally capable of producing 30 Nm3/h (2.7 kg/h). The hydrogen is compressed to 6000 psi and delivered to an on-site three-bank cascading storage assembly with 80 kg of storage capacity. Vehicle fueling is made possible through a Hydrogenics-provided gas control panel and dispenser able to fuel vehicles to 5000 psi. A key component of this project was the development of a dynamic scheduling system to control the wind energy's variable output to the electrolyzer cell stacks. The dynamic scheduling system received an output signal from the wind farm, processed this signal based on the operational mode, and dispatched the appropriate signal to the electrolyzer cell stacks. For the study BEPC chose to utilize output from the Wilton wind farm located in central ND. Site design was performed from May 2006 through August 2006. Site construction activities were from August to November 2006 which involved earthwork, infrastructure installation, and concrete slab construction. From April - October 2007, the system components were installed and connected. Beginning in November 2007, the system was operated in a start-up/shakedown mode. Because of numerous issues, the start-up/shakedown period essentially lasted until the end of January 2008, at which time a site acceptance test was performed. Official system operation began on February 14, 2008, and continued through the end of December 2008. Several issues continued to prevent consistent operation, resulting in operation o

Ron Rebenitsch; Randall Bush; Allen Boushee; Brad G. Stevens; Kirk D. Williams; Jeremy Woeste; Ronda Peters; Keith Bennett

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

267

Double-ended ceramic helical-rotor expander  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ceramic helical rotor expander is disclosed using a double-ended or tandem herringbone type rotor arrangement with bearing and seal assemblies remote from the hot gas inlets and especially capable of operating at an inlet temperature of above 1,100 C. The rotors are solid or hollow and bonded to hollow metal shafts, and mounted in a composite or simple prismatic casing. The rotors, casing and shafts are constructed from low expansivity materials. In the preferred embodiment the rotors are constructed of silicon nitride and the shafts constructed of an molybdenum alloy, with the metal shafts being supported in bearings and secured to synchronizing gears. The rotors and casing may be provided with coolant channels therein, and are constructed to eliminate the problem of end leakages at inlet temperature and pressure, and the need for high temperature bearings and seals. 3 figs.

Mohr, P.B.; Myers, W.B.

1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

Assessment and Optimization of Lidar Measurement Availability for Wind Turbine Control (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrating Lidar to improve wind turbine controls is a potential breakthrough for reducing the cost of wind energy. By providing undisturbed wind measurements up to 400m in front of the rotor, Lidar may provide an accurate update of the turbine inflow with a preview time of several seconds. Focusing on loads, several studies have evaluated potential reductions using integrated Lidar, either by simulation or full scale field testing.

Scholbrock, F. A.; Fleming, P.; Wright, A.; Davoust, S.; Jehu, A.; Bouillet, M.; Bardon M.; Vercherin, B.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless dc motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a brushless dc permanent magnet motor for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. It comprises first and second substantially flat, generally cylindrical stators disposed in side by side relation; a first substantially flat, generally cylindrical rotor; a first shaft connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft connected to the second rotor; and means for providing rotation of the first and second shafts in opposite directions.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailery, J.M.

1992-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

270

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

271

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

272

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

273

Turbine Inflow Characterization at the National Wind Technology Center: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility-scale wind turbines operate in dynamic flows that can vary significantly over timescales from less than a second to several years. To better understand the inflow to utility-scale turbines, two inflow towers were installed and commissioned at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, in 2011. These towers are 135 m tall and instrumented with a combination of sonic anemometers, cup anemometers, wind vanes, and temperature measurements to characterize the inflow wind speed and direction, turbulence, stability and thermal stratification to two utility-scale turbines. Herein, we present variations in mean and turbulent wind parameters with height, atmospheric stability, and as a function of wind direction that could be important for turbine operation as well as persistence of turbine wakes. Wind speed, turbulence intensity, and dissipation are all factors that affect turbine performance. Our results shown that these all vary with height across the rotor disk, demonstrating the importance of measuring atmospheric conditions that influence wind turbine performance at multiple heights in the rotor disk, rather than relying on extrapolation from lower levels.

Clifton, A.; Schreck, S.; Scott, G.; Kelley, N.; Lundquist, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Turbine Inflow Characterization at the National Wind Technology Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility-scale wind turbines operate in dynamic flows that can vary significantly over timescales from less than a second to several years. To better understand the inflow to utility-scale turbines, two inflow towers were installed and commissioned at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, in 2011. These towers are 135 m tall and instrumented with a combination of sonic anemometers, cup anemometers, wind vanes, and temperature measurements to characterize the inflow wind speed and direction, turbulence, stability and thermal stratification to two utility-scale turbines. Herein, we present variations in mean and turbulent wind parameters with height, atmospheric stability, and as a function of wind direction that could be important for turbine operation as well as persistence of turbine wakes. Wind speed, turbulence intensity, and dissipation are all factors that affect turbine performance. Our results show that these all vary with height across the rotor disk, demonstrating the importance of measuring atmospheric conditions that influence wind turbine performance at multiple heights in the rotor disk, rather than relying on extrapolation from lower levels.

Clifton, A.; Schreck, S.; Scott, G.; Kelley, N.; Lundquist, J. K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Aerodynamic Design  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generator Modeling Radar Friendly Blades Special Programs Techno-Economic Modeling, Analysis, and Support Analysis, Modeling, Cost of Energy, and Policy Impact: Wind Vision 2014...

276

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program...

277

Wind Farm  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The wind farm in Greensburg, Kansas, was completed in spring 2010, and consists of ten 1.25 megawatt (MW) wind turbines that supply enough electricity to power every house, business, and municipal...

278

Wasted Wind  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

why turbulent airflows are causing power losses and turbine failures in America's wind farms-and what to do about it April 1, 2014 Wasted Wind This aerial photo of Denmark's Horns...

279

DEVELOPMENT OF MODIFIED WIND TURBINE: A PAST REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind energy represents a viable alternative, as it is a virtually endless resource. Through the next several decades, renewable energy technologies, thanks to their continually improving performance and cost, and growing recognition of their Environmental, economic and social values, will grow increasingly competitive with Traditional energy technologies, so that by the middle of the 21 st century, renewable Energy, in its various forms, should be supplying half of the world’s energy needs. In this paper various types of wind turbine are reviewed to understand and the development and modification of horizontal axis wind turbine and how more power can be generated compared to bare turbine of the same rotor blade diameter.

Rob Res; N R Deshmukh; S J Deshmukh; N R Deshmukh; S J Deshmukh

280

Wind Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers wind energy at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Quantifying the Impact of Wind Turbine Wakes on Power Output at Offshore R. J. BARTHELMIE,*,1 S. C. PRYOR,*,1 S. T. FRANDSEN,1 K. S. HANSEN,# J. G. SCHEPERS,@  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying the Impact of Wind Turbine Wakes on Power Output at Offshore Wind Farms R. J. This research is focused on improving the understanding of, and modeling of, wind turbine wakes in order to make. Differences in turbine spacing (10.5 versus 7 rotor diameters) are not differentiable in wake-related power

Pryor, Sara C.

282

Transient Start-up of Plane Poiseuille Flow M. Aboubacar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the restrictions on variations in the gravitational constant are strict [11]. Nevertheless, we 2 hal-00473533

Grant, P. W.

283

Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes requirements for verifying readiness for startup of new Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations, and for restart of existing Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1C. Adm Chg 1, dated 4-2-13.

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

284

Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes requirements for verifying readiness for startup of new Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations, and for restart of existing Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 nuclear facilities, activities, and operations that have been shut down. Cancels DOE O 425.1C. Adm Chg 1, dated 4-2-13, cancels DOE O 425.1D.

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

Modeling SRAM Start-Up Behavior for Physical Unclonable Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/data, which are highly prone to physical attacks [1­3]; hence, the methods are no longer secure. Ideally), and reports some industrial measurements to validate the model. Simulation of the impact of different

Kuzmanov, Georgi

286

Start-Up Meeting Mudrock Systems Research Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ford (Cretaceous) sedimentology, stratigraphy, and geochemistry: Ruppel, Nance, Harbour 2:05 PM Sedimentology and geochemistry of the Jurassic Haynesville/Bossier system: Ursula Hammes. 2:30 PM Wilcox

Texas at Austin, University of

287

St. Gobain Innovation Competition for Start-Ups | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for demanding industrial applications (abrasives, ceramics, crystals, glass and plastics). Your Technology Could Be Next Heliotrope Technologies, a U.S. Department of...

288

Summer Start-Up Scholarship Programme Presentations, 5 February 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through to a new type of personal drone. It has been a great privilege to be able to mentor these students a watershed, the first of its kind in New Zealand. We plan to build on this and vigorously continue our as they embark on their own journey of discovery towards creating a new venture. Dr Rachel Wright Manager, UC

Hickman, Mark

289

Start-up of the nemo3 experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The NEMO collaboration is looking to measure neutrinoless double beta decay down to a lower limit of 0.1 eV for the effective neutrino mass. The NEMO 3 detector is now operating in the Frejus Underground Laboratory. The expected performance and the data of the first runs are presented here.

F. Piquemal; NEMO collaboration

2002-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

290

LIVRE DES START-UP 11 OCTOBRE 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ETURNITY P 33 GUAVAE P 37 LENR CARS SARL P 46 PLUS MAT AG P 58 FINANCE CASHSENTINEL SA P 15 JC FIDUCIAIRE P

Picasso, Marco

291

Berkeley Lab Technology Spawns Successful Start-up Companies | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment ofEnergyBeowawe Binary Bottomingof

292

Chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to observing chaos in rotor systems. Further, there has been little work carried out in the area of chaos control, of which only a small portion has been applied to rotor systems. Originally, the goal of the research described in this paper was to control...

Fisher, James Robert, 1979-

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

293

Main Rotor Swashplate Test Stand Design Model and System Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the aircraft due to reaction forces generated by rotor blade lift which varies with rotor speed and blade angle of the modified stand: Rotating Components Drivetrain o Variable speed AC Motor o Double cardan input driveshaft, and more closely mimic the operational kinematics of a swashplate which is installed on an aircraft

Almor, Amit

294

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless DC motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brushless dc permanent magnet motor drives an autonomous underwater vehe. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators axially spaced, each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil, and first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and a drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shafts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs of rotors mounted on opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

AIAA-982909 Characterization of the Near Wake of a Helicopter Rotor*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology. Abstract Vortex characteristics in the near wake of a 2-bladed teetering rotor in steady forward to be repeatable to within 1° of rotor revolution. Velocity was measured in the planes intersected by the rotor-blade blade side of the rotor. The axial velocity in all cases is wake-like, being directed towards the blade

296

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION -Part I UH60A Rotor in High Speed Forward Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotor for a number of hover and forward flight conditions. This rotor is a four-bladed configuration.2: Geometric Twist Distribution for the UH-60A Rotor In the experiment, the blades were trimmed to eliminate the one-per-rev flapping. The rotor blade sectional twist including elastic deformation is available

297

Reference Model 2: %22Rev 0%22 Rotor Design.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preliminary design for a three-bladed cross-flow rotor for a reference marine hydrokinetic turbine is presented. A rotor performance design code is described, along with modifications to the code to allow prediction of blade support strut drag as well as interference between two counter-rotating rotors. The rotor is designed to operate in a reference site corresponding to a riverine environment. Basic rotor performance and rigid-body loads calculations are performed to size the rotor elements and select the operating speed range. The preliminary design is verified with a simple finite element model that provides estimates of bending stresses during operation. A concept for joining the blades and support struts is developed and analyzed with a separate finite element analysis. Rotor mass, production costs, and annual energy capture are estimated in order to allow calculations of system cost-of-energy. Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd

Barone, Matthew F.; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Griffith, Daniel

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Optimizing small wind turbine performance in battery charging applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many small wind turbine generators (10 kW or less) consist of a variable speed rotor driving a permanent magnet synchronous generator (alternator). One application of such wind turbines is battery charging, in which the generator is connected through a rectifier to a battery bank. The wind turbine electrical interface is essentially the same whether the turbine is part of a remote power supply for telecommunications, a standalone residential power system, or a hybrid village power system, in short, any system in which the wind generator output is rectified and fed into a DC bus. Field experience with such applications has shown that both the peak power output and the total energy capture of the wind turbine often fall short of expectations based on rotor size and generator rating. In this paper, the authors present a simple analytical model of the typical wind generator battery charging system that allows one to calculate actual power curves if the generator and rotor properties are known. The model clearly illustrates how the load characteristics affect the generator output. In the second part of this paper, the authors present four approaches to maximizing energy capture from wind turbines in battery charging applications. The first of these is to determine the optimal battery bank voltage for a given WTG. The second consists of adding capacitors in series with the generator. The third approach is to place an optimizing DC/DC voltage converter between the rectifier and the battery bank. The fourth is a combination of the series capacitors and the optimizing voltage controller. They also discuss both the limitations and the potential performance gain associated with each of the four configurations.

Drouilhet, S; Muljadi, E; Holz, R [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). Wind Technology Div.; Gevorgian, V [State Engineering Univ. of Armenia, Yerevan (Armenia)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Control coil arrangement for a rotating machine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating machine (e.g., a turbine, motor or generator) is provided wherein a fixed solenoid or other coil configuration is disposed adjacent to one or both ends of the active portion of the machine rotor for producing an axially directed flux in the active portion so as to provide planar axial control at single or multiple locations for rotor balance, levitation, centering, torque and thrust action. Permanent magnets can be used to produce an axial bias magnetic field. The rotor can include magnetic disks disposed in opposed, facing relation to the coil configuration.

Shah, Manoj R. (Latham, NY); Lewandowsk, Chad R. (Amsterdam, NY)

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Synchronization and Collective Dynamics in a Carpet of Microfluidic Rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study synchronization of an array of rotors on a substrate that are coupled by hydrodynamic interaction. The rotors that are modeled by an effective rigid body, are driven by an internal torque and exerts an active force on the surrounding fluid. The long-ranged nature of the hydrodynamic interaction between the rotors causes a rich pattern of dynamical behaviors including phase ordering and turbulent spiral waves. The model provides a novel example of coupled oscillators with long-range interaction. Our results suggest strategies for designing controllable microfluidic mixers using the emergent behavior of hydrodynamically coupled active components.

Nariya Uchida; Ramin Golestanian

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Tip cap for a turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A turbine rotor blade with a spar and shell construction, and a tip cap that includes a row of lugs extending from a bottom side that form dovetail grooves that engage with similar shaped lugs and grooves on a tip end of the spar to secure the tip cap to the spar against radial displacement. The lug on the trailing edge end of the tip cap is aligned perpendicular to a chordwise line of the blade in the trailing edge region in order to minimize stress due to the lugs wanting to bend under high centrifugal loads. A two piece tip cap with lugs at different angles will reduce the bending stress even more.

Kimmel, Keith D

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

302

Coastal Ohio Wind Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coastal Ohio Wind Project intends to address problems that impede deployment of wind turbines in the coastal and offshore regions of Northern Ohio. The project evaluates different wind turbine designs and the potential impact of offshore turbines on migratory and resident birds by developing multidisciplinary research, which involves wildlife biology, electrical and mechanical engineering, and geospatial science. Firstly, the project conducts cost and performance studies of two- and three-blade wind turbines using a turbine design suited for the Great Lakes. The numerical studies comprised an analysis and evaluation of the annual energy production of two- and three-blade wind turbines to determine the levelized cost of energy. This task also involved wind tunnel studies of model wind turbines to quantify the wake flow field of upwind and downwind wind turbine-tower arrangements. The experimental work included a study of a scaled model of an offshore wind turbine platform in a water tunnel. The levelized cost of energy work consisted of the development and application of a cost model to predict the cost of energy produced by a wind turbine system placed offshore. The analysis found that a floating two-blade wind turbine presents the most cost effective alternative for the Great Lakes. The load effects studies showed that the two-blade wind turbine model experiences less torque under all IEC Standard design load cases considered. Other load effects did not show this trend and depending on the design load cases, the two-bladed wind turbine showed higher or lower load effects. The experimental studies of the wake were conducted using smoke flow visualization and hot wire anemometry. Flow visualization studies showed that in the downwind turbine configuration the wake flow was insensitive to the presence of the blade and was very similar to that of the tower alone. On the other hand, in the upwind turbine configuration, increasing the rotor blade angle of attack reduced the wake size and enhanced the vortices in the flow downstream of the turbine-tower compared with the tower alone case. Mean and rms velocity distributions from hot wire anemometer data confirmed that in a downwind configuration, the wake of the tower dominates the flow, thus the flow fields of a tower alone and tower-turbine combinations are nearly the same. For the upwind configuration, the mean velocity shows a narrowing of the wake compared with the tower alone case. The downwind configuration wake persisted longer than that of an upwind configuration; however, it was not possible to quantify this difference because of the size limitation of the wind tunnel downstream of the test section. The water tunnel studies demonstrated that the scale model studies could be used to adequately produce accurate motions to model the motions of a wind turbine platform subject to large waves. It was found that the important factors that affect the platform is whether the platform is submerged or surface piercing. In the former, the loads on the platform will be relatively reduced whereas in the latter case, the structure pierces the wave free surface and gains stiffness and stability. The other important element that affects the movement of the platform is depth of the sea in which the wind turbine will be installed. Furthermore, the wildlife biology component evaluated migratory patterns by different monitoring systems consisting of marine radar, thermal IR camera and acoustic recorders. The types of radar used in the project are weather surveillance radar and marine radar. The weather surveillance radar (1988 Doppler), also known as Next Generation Radar (NEXRAD), provides a network of weather stations in the US. Data generated from this network were used to understand general migratory patterns, migratory stopover habitats, and other patterns caused by the effects of weather conditions. At a local scale our marine radar was used to complement the datasets from NEXRAD and to collect additional monitoring parameters such as passage rates, flight paths, flight directi

Gorsevski, Peter; Afjeh, Abdollah; Jamali, Mohsin; Bingman, Verner

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JUNE 2008 551 Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in variable-speed wind energy conversion sys- tems (VS-WECS). These systems have two operation regions de of Variable-Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems Brice Beltran, Tarek Ahmed-Ali, and Mohamed El Hachemi (newton meter). Tg Generator torque in the rotor side (newton meter). Ths High-speed torque (newton meter

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Wind turbine tower for storing hydrogen and energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine tower assembly for storing compressed gas such as hydrogen. The tower assembly includes a wind turbine having a rotor, a generator driven by the rotor, and a nacelle housing the generator. The tower assembly includes a foundation and a tubular tower with one end mounted to the foundation and another end attached to the nacelle. The tower includes an in-tower storage configured for storing a pressurized gas and defined at least in part by inner surfaces of the tower wall. In one embodiment, the tower wall is steel and has a circular cross section. The in-tower storage may be defined by first and second end caps welded to the inner surface of the tower wall or by an end cap near the top of the tower and by a sealing element attached to the tower wall adjacent the foundation, with the sealing element abutting the foundation.

Fingersh, Lee Jay (Westminster, CO)

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

305

Structural effects of unsteady aerodynamic forces on horizontal-axis wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to its renewable nature and abundant resources, wind energy has the potential to fulfill a large portion of this nation`s energy needs. The simplest means of utilizing wind energy is through the use of downwind, horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) with fixed-pitch rotors. This configuration regulates the peak power by allowing the rotor blade to aerodynamically stall. The stall point, the point of maximum coefficient of lift, is currently predicted using data obtained from wind tunnel tests. Unfortunately, these tests do not accurately simulate conditions encountered in the field. Flow around the tower and nacelle coupled with inflow turbulence and rotation of the turbine blades create unpredicted aerodynamic forces. Dynamic stall is hypothesized to occur. Such aerodynamic loads are transmitted into the rotor and tower causing structural resonance that drastically reduces the design lifetime of the wind turbine. The current method of alleviating this problem is to structurally reinforce the tower and blades. However, this adds unneeded mass and, therefore, cost to the turbines. A better understanding of the aerodynamic forces and the manner in which they affect the structure would allow for the design of more cost effective and durable wind turbines. Data compiled by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for a downwind HAWT with constant chord, untwisted, fixed-pitch rotors is analyzed. From these data, the actual aerodynamic characteristics of the rotor are being portrayed and the potential effects upon the structure can for the first time be fully analyzed. Based upon their understanding, solutions to the problem of structural resonance are emerging.

Miller, M.S.; Shipley, D.E. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). BioServe Space Technologies

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

System engineering and energy costs of small and medium wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary system-level, computational model was developed to allow broad assessment and optimization of wind turbine design and costs analysis at The Wind Energy Research Center, Solar Energy Research Institute under contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE). This paper briefly describes the basic principles used in the model for energy capture and cost-of-energy (COE), and demonstrates the model's usefulness in determining the effects of rotor and system design modifications. The model's utilization for conducting parametric studies and defining the energy cost of small and medium-sized wind turbines is also shown. Topics of interest to wind turbine engineers and designers include the effects on rotor performance of airfoil geometry, blade pitch angle setting, and the system RPM schedule, etc.

Tu, P.K.C.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lean implementation across value stream in main rotor blade area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary goal for this project was to help expand the existing capability of Sikorsky's main rotor blade business from raw material (titanium) through final assembly. The project helped to facilitate the ongoing lean ...

Phoenix, Casey J. (Casey John)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Development and Analysis of a Swept Blade Aeroelastic Model for a Small Wind Turbine (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the U.S. Department-of-Energy-funded Competitiveness Improvement Project, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed new capabilities for aeroelastic modeling of precurved and preswept blades for small wind turbines. This presentation covers the quest for optimized rotors, computer-aided engineering tools, a case study, and summary of the results.

Preus, R.; Damiani, R.; Lee, S.; Larwood, S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Impact of Distributed Wind on Bulk Power System Operations in ISO-NE: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work presented in this paper aims to study the impact of a range of penetration levels of distributed wind on the operation of the electric power system at the transmission level. This paper presents a case study on the power system in Independent System Operator New England. It is analyzed using PLEXOS, a commercial power system simulation tool. The results show that increasing the integration of distributed wind reduces total variable electricity generation costs, coal- and gas-fired electricity generation, electricity imports, and CO2 emissions, and increases wind curtailment. The variability and uncertainty of wind power also increases the start-up and shutdown costs and ramping of most conventional power plants.

Brancucci Martinez-Anido, C.; Hodge, B. M.; Palchak, D.; Miettinen, J.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Simulations of an offshore wind farm using large eddy simulation and a torque-controlled actuator disc model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present here a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of Lillgrund offshore wind farm, which is located in the {\\O}resund Strait between Sweden and Denmark. The simulation combines a dynamic representation of wind turbines embedded within a Large-Eddy Simulation CFD solver, and uses hr-adaptive meshing to increase or decrease mesh resolution where required. This allows the resolution of both large scale flow structures around the wind farm, and local flow conditions at individual turbines; consequently, the response of each turbine to local conditions can be modelled, as well as the resulting evolution of the turbine wakes. This paper provides a detailed description of the turbine model which simulates interactions between the wind, turbine rotors, and turbine generators by calculating the forces on the rotor, the body forces on the air, and instantaneous power output. This model was used to investigate a selection of key wind speeds and directions, investigating cases where a row of turbines would ...

Creech, Angus; Maguire, A Eoghan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

20% Wind Energy 20% Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(government, industry, utilities, NGOs) Analyzes wind's potential contributions to energy security, economic · Transmission a challenge #12;Wind Power Class Resource Potential Wind Power Density at 50 m W/m 2 Wind Speed20% Wind Energy by 2030 20% Wind Energy by 2030 #12;Presentation and Objectives Overview Background

Powell, Warren B.

312

Inverse Load Calculation of Wind Turbine Support Structures - A Numerical Verification Using the Comprehensive Simulation Code FAST: Preprint (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physically measuring the dynamic responses of wind turbine support structures enables the calculation of the applied loads using an inverse procedure. In this process, inverse means deriving the inputs/forces from the outputs/responses. This paper presents results of a numerical verification of such an inverse load calculation. For this verification, the comprehensive simulation code FAST is used. FAST accounts for the coupled dynamics of wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity and turbine controls. Simulations are run using a 5-MW onshore wind turbine model with a tubular tower. Both the applied loads due to the instantaneous wind field and the resulting system responses are known from the simulations. Using the system responses as inputs to the inverse calculation, the applied loads are calculated, which in this case are the rotor thrust forces. These forces are compared to the rotor thrust forces known from the FAST simulations. The results of these comparisons are presented to assess the accuracy of the inverse calculation. To study the influences of turbine controls, load cases in normal operation between cut-in and rated wind speed, near rated wind speed and between rated and cut-out wind speed are chosen. The presented study shows that the inverse load calculation is capable of computing very good estimates of the rotor thrust. The accuracy of the inverse calculation does not depend on the control activity of the wind turbine.

Pahn, T.; Jonkman, J.; Rolges, R.; Robertson, A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook Wind Energy Leasing Handbook E-1033 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension?..................................................................................................................... 31 What do wind developers consider in locating wind energy projects?............................................................................................ 37 How do companies and individuals invest in wind energy projects?....................................................................

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

314

Rigid-rotor, field-reversed configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radial profiles, n(r), B{sub z}(r), and E{sub r}(r), for a Flux-Coil (“inductively driven”), Field-Reversed Configuration (FC-FRC) are measured and compared to the predictions of the Rigid-Rotor Model (RRM), which is an analytic, one-dimensional, time-independent, equilibrium description for the FRC. Injectors mounted on both ends of the confinement vessel provide a pre-fill plasma. Coaxial coils mounted outside the vacuum boundaries of the annular-confinement vessel accelerate the plasma and produce the FRC. The density profile is measured by laser interferometry, the magnetic-field profile using an in-situ probe array, and the electric-field profile using an in-situ, floating-probe array. Free parameters for each profile are measured, which also allow other intrinsic-plasma parameters to be determined, using computer-fit algorithms: null radius, radial thickness, plasma temperature, rotation frequencies, the latter of which are independently verified by spectroscopy. All radial profiles agree with the RRM predictions, for the experimental configuration, parameter regime, and specified-time interval studied here.

Conti, F., E-mail: conti@df.unipi.it; Giammanco, F. [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy) [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Plasma Diagnostics and Technologies Ltd., Via Giuntini 63, 56023 Navacchio (PI) (Italy); Wessel, F. J.; Binderbauer, M. W.; Bolte, N.; Morehouse, M.; Qerushi, A.; Rahman, H. U.; Roche, T.; Slepchenkov, M. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)] [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Wind Energy Benefits, Wind Powering America (WPA) (Fact Sheet...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Benefits, Wind Powering America (WPA) (Fact Sheet), Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) Wind Energy Benefits, Wind Powering America (WPA) (Fact Sheet), Wind And Water Power...

316

Aerodynamic testing of a rotating wind turbine blade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aerodynamic, load, flow-visualization, and inflow measurements were taken on a downwind horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT). A video camera mounted on the rotor recorded video images of tufts attached to the low-pressure side of the blade. Strain gages, mounted every 10% of the blade's span, provided load and pressure measurements. Pressure taps at 32 chordwise positions recorded pressure distributions. Wind inflow was measured via a vertical-plane array of anemometers located 10 m upwind. The objectives of the test were to address whether airfoil pressure distributions measured on a rotating blade differed from those measured in the wind tunnel, if radial flow near or in the boundary layer of the airfoil affected pressure distributions, if dynamic stall could result in increased dynamic loads, and if the location of the separation boundary measured on the rotating blade agreed with that measured in two-dimensional flow in the wind tunnel. 6 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Butterfield, C.P.; Nelsen, E.N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Yaw dynamics of horizontal axis wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Designers of a horizontal axis wind turbine yaw mechanism are faced with a difficult decision. They know that if they elect to use a yaw- controlled rotor then the system will suffer increased initial cost and increased inherent maintenance and reliability problems. On the other hand, if they elect to allow the rotor to freely yaw they known they will have to account for unknown and random, though bounded, yaw rates. They will have a higher-risk design to trade-off against the potential for cost savings and reliability improvement. The risk of a yaw-free system could be minimized if methods were available for analyzing and understanding yaw behavior. The complexity of yaw behavior has, until recently, discouraged engineers from developing a complete yaw analysis method. The objectives of this work are to (1) provide a fundamental understanding of free-yaw mechanics and the design concepts most effective at eliminating yaw problems, and (2) provide tested design tools and guidelines for use by free-yaw wind systems manufacturers. The emphasis is on developing practical and sufficiently accurate design methods.

Hansen, A.C. (Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that includes wind turbine towers. 2011 Wind TechnologiesSets Other Wind Turbine Components Towers Wind-Poweredselected wind turbine components includes towers as well as

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that includes wind turbine towers. 2010 Wind TechnologiesImports : Other Wind Turbine Components Towers Wind-Poweredselected wind turbine components includes towers as well as

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Balancing of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In the future, renewable energy share, especially wind power share, in electricity generation is expected to increase. Due to nature of the wind, wind… (more)

Ülker, Muhammed Akif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy 101: Wind Turbines  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

323

NREL: Wind Research - Events  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Events Below are upcoming events related to wind energy technology. January 2015 2015 Wind Energy Systems Engineering Workshop January 14 - 15, 2015 Boulder, CO The third NREL Wind...

324

Wind power and Wind power and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind power and the CDM #12; Wind power and the CDM Emerging practices in developing wind power 2005 Jyoti P. Painuly, Niels-Erik Clausen, Jørgen Fenhann, Sami Kamel and Romeo Pacudan #12; WIND POWER AND THE CDM Emerging practices in developing wind power projects for the Clean Development Mechanism Energy

325

Method and apparatus for assembling permanent magnet rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A permanent magnet assembly for assembly in large permanent magnet motors and generators includes a two-piece carrier that can be slid into a slot in the rotor and then secured in place using a set screw. The invention also provides an auxiliary carrier device with guide rails that line up with the teeth of the rotor, so that a permanent magnet assembly can be pushed first into a slot, and then down the slot to its proper location. An auxiliary tool is provided to move the permanent magnet assembly into position in the slot before it is secured in place. Methods of assembling and disassembling the magnet assemblies in the rotor are also disclosed. 2 figs.

Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

326

Turbulence ingestion noise of open rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Edge Interaction (TBL-TE) is a dominant noise source for wind turbines (Kamruzzaman et al., 2008), as well as being a subject of active research within aeroengine aeroacoustics (Pagano et al., 2009). Towards the trailing edge of a blade the boundary layer plays... , flight testing and calibration of methods. Hoff included a diagram which illustrated the many different propfan noise sources, see Figure 1.4. There was also a recognition that distortion is an important factor in predicting the acoustics of propeller...

Robison, Rosalyn Aruna Venner

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sandia National Laboratories: SMART Rotor Video  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik SpoerkeSolarCybernetics:2P DOE-SponsoredParticipation in theEnergyWind

328

BASIC CONTROL FOR FOUR ROTOR AUTONOMOUS AERIAL AGENT JONATHAN MCLEAN, CONNECTICUT COLLEGE, USA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more difficult to control, requiring minute adjustments to individual rotor blades, as well as tailBASIC CONTROL FOR FOUR ROTOR AUTONOMOUS AERIAL AGENT JONATHAN MCLEAN, CONNECTICUT COLLEGE, USA platform is required. Our four-rotor platform provides researchers with a inexpensive, fully scalable test

Parker, Gary B.

329

Computational Modeling of Rotor Blade Performance Degradation Due to Ice Accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE _ Computational Modeling of Rotor Blade Performance Degradation Due to Ice Accretion, 2013 9:00 a.m. 301 Steidle Building Ice accretion on helicopter rotor blades can cause significant. If unabated, rotor ice can accumulate to the point where the vehicle can no longer maintain flight

Maroncelli, Mark

330

FAULT DETECTION AND STATE EVALUATION OF ROTOR BLADES Yuri Petryna, Andreas Knzel, Matthias Kannenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAULT DETECTION AND STATE EVALUATION OF ROTOR BLADES Yuri Petryna, Andreas KĂĽnzel, Matthias an approach for cost-effective, serial integrity tests of rotor blades. At that, manufacturing faults shall be automatically detected, localized and assessed with respect to their impact on the integrity of rotor blades

Boyer, Edmond

331

Reduction of multi-stage disk models: Application to an industrial rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rotor into sectors. The bladed disks are coupled by intermediate rings which remove the problem that of a small portion, typically a bladed sector. This configuration no longer holds in real rotors due with multi-stage rotors. However, as underlined by Bladh et al.6 , the critical point is the choice

Boyer, Edmond

332

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Part II AH-1G ROTOR IN LOW SPEED DESCENT FLIGHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, results are presented for a two-bladed AH-1G rotor in a low-speed descent condition. In low speed forward and Acoustics Test (TAAT) was conducted on an AH-1G Cobra. It used highly instrumented rotor blades direction. The inner Navier-Stokes zone includes about 39% of the total grid points. The rotor has

333

Study of the non-linear dynamic response of a rotor system with faults and uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the non-linear re- sponse in rotor systems with multi-faults (such as unbalance, asymmetric shaft, bow and Ferraris in fixed frame [10]. · The bow is an initial deformation of the rotor which can be caused) or all parts of the rotor (extended bow). Darpe [12] proposes to investigate the influence of a bow

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

334

Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) examined the impact of up to 30% penetration of variable renewable generation on the Western Electricity Coordinating Council system. Although start-up costs and higher operating costs because of part-load operation of thermal generators were included in the analysis, further investigation of additional costs associated with thermal unit cycling was deemed worthwhile. These additional cycling costs can be attributed to increases in capital as well as operations and maintenance costs because of wear and tear associated with increased unit cycling. This analysis examines the additional cycling costs of the thermal fleet by leveraging the results of WWSIS Phase 1 study.

Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Large Eddy Simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large eddy simulations of wind farms are performed to study the effects of wind turbine row alignment with respect to the incoming flow direction. Various wind farms with fixed stream-wise spacing (7.85 rotor diameters) and varying lateral displacements and span-wise turbine spacings are considered, for a fixed inflow direction. Simulations show that, contrary to common belief, a perfectly staggered (checker-board) configuration does not necessarily give the highest average power output. Instead, the highest mean wind farm power output is found to depend on several factors, the most important one being the alignment that leads to minimization of wake effects from turbines in several upstream rows. This alignment typically occurs at significantly smaller angles than those corresponding to perfect staggering. The observed trends have implications for wind farm designs, especially in sites with a well-defined prevailing wind direction.

Stevens, Richard J A M; Meneveau, Charles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

A comparison of predicted wind turbine blade loads to test measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accurate prediction of wind turbine blade loads and response is important in predicting the fatigue life of wind machines. At the SERI Wind Energy Research Center, a rotor code called FLAP (Force and Loads Analysis Program) is currently being validated by comparing predicted results to machine measurements. The FLAP code has been modified to allow the teetering degrees of freedom. This paper describes these modifications and comparisons of predicted blade bending moments to test measurements. Wind tunnel data for a 1/20th scale model will be used to compare FLAP predictions for the cyclic flap-bending moments at the 33% spanwise station for three different wind speeds. The comparisons will be made for both rigid and teetering hubs. Currently, the FLAP code accounts for deterministic excitations such as wind shear, tower shadow, gravity, and prescribed yawing motions. Conclusions will be made regarding the code's accuracy in predicting the cyclic bending moments.

Wright, A.D.; Thresher, R.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors for Improved Wind Turbine Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Orbital Research Inc is developing an innovative Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors (PACE) technology for improved performance of wind turbines. The PACE system is aimed towards the design of "smart" rotor blades to enhance energy capture and reduce aerodynamic loading and noise using flow-control. The PACE system will provide ability to change aerodynamic loads and pitch distribution across the wind turbine blade without any moving surfaces. Additional benefits of the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that should translate into a substantially reduced initial cost. During the Phase I program, the ORI-UND Team demonstrated (proof-of-concept) performance improvements on select rotor blade designs using PACE concepts. Control of both 2-D and 3-D flows were demonstrated. An analytical study was conducted to estimate control requirements for the PACE system to maintain control during wind gusts. Finally, independent laboratory experiments were conducted to identify promising dielectric materials for the plasma actuator, and to examine environmental effects (water and dust) on the plasma actuator operation. The proposed PACE system will be capable of capturing additional energy, and reducing aerodynamic loading and noise on wind turbines. Supplementary benefits from the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that translates into reduced initial capital costs.

Mehul P. Patel; Srikanth Vasudevan; Robert C. Nelson; Thomas C. Corke

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Measurement of turbulent wind velocities using a rotating boom apparatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present report covers both the development of a rotating-boom facility and the evaluation of the spectral energy of the turbulence measured relative to the rotating boom. The rotating boom is composed of a helicopter blade driven through a pulley speed reducer by a variable speed motor. The boom is mounted on a semiportable tower that can be raised to provide various ratios of hub height to rotor diameter. The boom can be mounted to rotate in either the vertical or horizontal plane. Probes that measure the three components of turbulence can be mounted at any location along the radius of the boom. Special hot-film sensors measured two components of the turbulence at a point directly in front of the rotating blade. By using the probe rotated 90/sup 0/ about its axis, the third turbulent velocity component was measured. Evaluation of the spectral energy distributions for the three components of velocity indicates a large concentration of energy at the rotational frequency. At frequencies slightly below the rotational frequency, the spectral energy is greatly reduced over that measured for the nonrotating case measurements. Peaks in the energy at frequencies that are multiples of the rotation frequency were also observed. We conclude that the rotating boom apparatus is suitable and ready to be used in experiments for developing and testing sensors for rotational measurement of wind velocity from wind turbine rotors. It also can be used to accurately measure turbulent wind for testing theories of rotationally sampled wind velocity.

Sandborn, V.A.; Connell, J.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Coupled Dynamic Modeling of Floating Wind Turbine Systems: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article presents a collaborative research program that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have undertaken to develop innovative and cost-effective floating and mooring systems for offshore wind turbines in water depths of 10-200 m. Methods for the coupled structural, hydrodynamic, and aerodynamic analysis of floating wind turbine systems are presented in the frequency domain. This analysis was conducted by coupling the aerodynamics and structural dynamics code FAST [4] developed at NREL with the wave load and response simulation code WAMIT (Wave Analysis at MIT) [15] developed at MIT. Analysis tools were developed to consider coupled interactions between the wind turbine and the floating system. These include the gyroscopic loads of the wind turbine rotor on the tower and floater, the aerodynamic damping introduced by the wind turbine rotor, the hydrodynamic damping introduced by wave-body interactions, and the hydrodynamic forces caused by wave excitation. Analyses were conducted for two floater concepts coupled with the NREL 5-MW Offshore Baseline wind turbine in water depths of 10-200 m: the MIT/NREL Shallow Drafted Barge (SDB) and the MIT/NREL Tension Leg Platform (TLP). These concepts were chosen to represent two different methods of achieving stability to identify differences in performance and cost of the different stability methods. The static and dynamic analyses of these structures evaluate the systems' responses to wave excitation at a range of frequencies, the systems' natural frequencies, and the standard deviations of the systems' motions in each degree of freedom in various wind and wave environments. This article in various wind and wave environments. This article explores the effects of coupling the wind turbine with the floating platform, the effects of water depth, and the effects of wind speed on the systems' performance. An economic feasibility analysis of the two concepts was also performed. Key cost components included the material and construction costs of the buoy; material and installation costs of the tethers, mooring lines, and anchor technologies; costs of transporting and installing the system at the chosen site; and the cost of mounting the wind turbine to the platform. The two systems were evaluated based on their static and dynamic performance and the total system installed cost. Both systems demonstrated acceptable motions, and have estimated costs of $1.4-$1.8 million, not including the cost of the wind turbine, the power electronics, or the electrical transmission.

Wayman, E. N.; Sclavounos, P. D.; Butterfield, S.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

TLA-55 Rotor Used in Beckman Coulter OptimaTM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultracentrifuges Published by the Centrifuge Instrument Systems Development Center of Beckman Coulter, Inc., Palo should be read and understood before operation or maintenance of this equipment is attempted. When you, and tested for safety and reliability as part of a Beckman Coulter ultracentrifuge/rotor system. Its safety

Pawlowski, Wojtek

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Single Molecular Rotor at the Nanoscale Christian Joachim1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

�schlikon, Switzerland E-mail: gim@zurich.ibm.com The design of a monomolecular engine such as a rotating motor ®rst requires the preparation of a semi-classical rotating motion of the rotor part of the engine. We show versions of machines in our daily life, using the same working principles such as, for instance, a steam

Gimzewski, James

342

Phase modulated rotor angle encoder for switched reluctance motor drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensor. In an inexpensive systein, the rotor position sensor comprises of a magnetized ring along with Hall etfect sensors or opto-interrupters with slotted clisk. An optical sensor has a, light emitting diode which acts as a light transmitter, enid a...

Mahajan, Shailendra

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Loan Programs Office is proposing to offer a loan guarantee to Cape Wind Associates, LLC for the construction and start-up of the Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, offshore of Massachusetts. The proposed Cape Wind Energy Project would consist of up to 130, 3.6-MW turbine generators, in an area of roughly 25-square miles, and would include 12.5 miles of 115-kilovolt submarine transmission cable and an electric service platform. To inform DOE's decision regarding a loan guarantee, DOE adopted the Department of the Interior’s 2009 Final Cape Wind Energy Project EIS, in combination with two Cape Wind Environmental Assessments dated May 2010 and April 2011 (per 40 CFR 1506.4), as a DOE Final EIS (DOE/EIS-0470). The adequacy of the Department of the Interior final EIS adopted by DOE is the subject of a judicial action. This project is inactive.

344

DEVELOPMENT OF TIP CLEARANCE FLOW DOWNSTREAM OF A ROTOR BLADE WITH COOLANT INJECTION FROM A TIP TRENCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF TIP CLEARANCE FLOW DOWNSTREAM OF A ROTOR BLADE WITH COOLANT INJECTION FROM A TIP Rotor blade height Um Mean wheel speed, i.e. midspan rotor speed Absolute flow angle measured from the nozzle guide vane and the rotor blade need to be cooled adequately in order to maintain the 1 #12

Camci, Cengiz

345

Wind Technologies & Evolving Opportunities (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers opportunities for wind technology; wind energy market trends; an overview of the National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado; wind energy price and cost trends; wind turbine technology improvements; and wind resource characterization improvements.

Robichaud, R.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind Energy Industry in the United States A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind Energy Industry in...

347

20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 2: Wind Turbine Technology...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development Wind Program Accomplishments...

348

Wind pro?le assessment for wind power purposes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Preliminary estimation of wind speed at the wind turbine hub height is critically important when planning new wind farms. Wind turbine power output is proportional… (more)

Sointu, Iida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November...

350

Community Wind Handbook/Understand Your Wind Resource and Conduct...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Resource and Conduct a Preliminary Estimate < Community Wind Handbook Jump to: navigation, search WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHCommunity Wind Handbook...

351

2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association Midwest Regional Energy Job Fair 2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association Midwest Regional...

352

A discussion of the results of the rainflow counting of a wide range of dynamics associated with the simultaneous operation of adjacent wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to provide a fatigue load comparison between two identical wind turbines employing different rotor designs. One turbine was fitted with a rotor consisting of a set of NREL (SERI) thin-airfoil blades while the other rotor included the original-equipment AeroStar blades. The data discussed are based on sample load populations derived from the rainflow cycle counting of 405, 10-minute records specifically collected over a wide range of inflow turbulence conditions. The results have shown that the statistical structure of the alternating load cycles on both turbines can be described as a mixture of three stochastic processes. We noted a high degree of load distribution similarity between the two turbines, with the differences attributable to either rotor weight or swept area.

Kelley, N.; Desrochers, G.; Tangler, J.; Smith, B.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind turbine components (specifically, generators, bladeschangers. ” Wind turbine components such as blades, towers,17%). Wind turbine component exports (towers, blades,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Active Flow Control on Bidirectional Rotors for Tidal MHK Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) tidal turbine extracts energy from tidal currents, providing clean, sustainable electricity generation. In general, all MHK conversion technologies are confronted with significant operational hurdles, resulting in both increased capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. To counter these high costs while maintaining reliability, MHK turbine designs can be simplified. Prior study found that a tidal turbine could be cost-effectively simplified by removing blade pitch and rotor/nacelle yaw. Its rotor would run in one direction during ebb and then reverse direction when the current switched to flood. We dubbed such a turbine a bidirectional rotor tidal turbine (BRTT). The bidirectional hydrofoils of a BRTT are less efficient than conventional hydrofoils and capture less energy, but the elimination of the pitch and yaw systems were estimated to reduce levelized cost of energy by 7.8%-9.6%. In this study, we investigated two mechanisms for recapturing some of the performance shortfall of the BRTT. First, we developed a novel set of hydrofoils, designated the yy series, for BRTT application. Second, we investigated the use of active flow control via microtabs. Microtabs are small deployable/retractable tabs, typically located near the leading or trailing edge of an air/hydrofoil with height on the order of the boundary layer thickness (1% - 2% of chord). They deploy approximately perpendicularly to the foil surface and, like gurney flaps and plain flaps, globally affect the aerodynamics of the airfoil. By strategically placing microtabs and selectively deploying them based on the direction of the inflow, performance of a BRTT rotor can be improved while retaining bidirectional operation. The yy foils were computationally designed and analyzed. They exhibited better performance than the baseline bidirectional foil, the ellipse. For example, the yyb07cn-180 had 14.7% higher (l/d)max than an ellipse of equal thickness. The yyb07cn family also had higher c{sub p,min} than equivalently thick ellipses, indicating less susceptibility to cavitation. Microtabs applied on yy foils demonstrated improved energy capture. A series of variable speed and constant speed rotors were developed with the yyb07cn family of hydrofoils. The constant speed yyb07cn rotor (yy-B02-Rcs,opt) captured 0.45% more energy than the equivalent rotor with ellipses (e-B02-Rcs,opt). With microtabs deployed (yy?t-B02-Rcs,opt), the energy capture increase over the rotor with ellipses was 1.05%. Note, however, that microtabs must be applied judiciously to bidirectional foils. On the 18% thick ellipse, performance decreased with the addition of microtabs. Details of hydrofoil performance, microtab sizing and positioning, rotor configurations, and revenue impacts are presented herein.

Shiu, Henry [Research Engineer; van Dam, Cornelis P. [Professor

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

355

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Blade Sensors and Instrumentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

capture all of the force applied to the entire wind-turbine system. A turbine's exact wind loading is fundamental to overall system design. Due to the large potential for...

356

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and K. Porter. 2011. Wind Power and Electricity Markets.41 6. Wind Power Priceat Various Levels of Wind Power Capacity Penetration Wind

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Arizona Public Service Wind Integration Cost Impact Study.an Order Revising the Wind Integration Rate for Wind Powered

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010. SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Little Rock,an Order Revising the Wind Integration Rate for Wind PoweredPacifiCorp. 2010. 2010 Wind Integration Study. Portland,

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Wind Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISPWind Industry Soars to New1Wind Power

360

Wind Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletes aboutWind Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Development of Fully Coupled Aeroelastic and Hydrodynamic Models for Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aeroelastic simulation tools are routinely used to design and analyze onshore wind turbines, in order to obtain cost effective machines that achieve favorable performance while maintaining structural integrity. These tools employ sophisticated models of wind-inflow; aerodynamic, gravitational, and inertial loading of the rotor, nacelle, and tower; elastic effects within and between components; and mechanical actuation and electrical responses of the generator and of control and protection systems. For offshore wind turbines, additional models of the hydrodynamic loading in regular and irregular seas, the dynamic coupling between the support platform motions and wind turbine motions, and the dynamic characterization of mooring systems for compliant floating platforms are also important. Hydrodynamic loading includes contributions from hydrostatics, wave radiation, and wave scattering, including free surface memory effects. The integration of all of these models into comprehensive simulation tools, capable of modeling the fully coupled aeroelastic and hydrodynamic responses of floating offshore wind turbines, is presented.

Jonkman, J. M.; Sclavounos, P. D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Sweep-twist adaptive rotor blade : final project report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Knight & Carver was contracted by Sandia National Laboratories to develop a Sweep Twist Adaptive Rotor (STAR) blade that reduced operating loads, thereby allowing a larger, more productive rotor. The blade design used outer blade sweep to create twist coupling without angled fiber. Knight & Carver successfully designed, fabricated, tested and evaluated STAR prototype blades. Through laboratory and field tests, Knight & Carver showed the STAR blade met the engineering design criteria and economic goals for the program. A STAR prototype was successfully tested in Tehachapi during 2008 and a large data set was collected to support engineering and commercial development of the technology. This report documents the methodology used to develop the STAR blade design and reviews the approach used for laboratory and field testing. The effort demonstrated that STAR technology can provide significantly greater energy capture without higher operating loads on the turbine.

Ashwill, Thomas D.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Adaptor assembly for coupling turbine blades to rotor disks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptor assembly for coupling a blade root of a turbine blade to a root slot of a rotor disk is described. The adaptor assembly includes a turbine blade having a blade root and an adaptor body having an adaptor root. The adaptor body defines a slot having an open end configured to receive the blade root of the turbine blade such that the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are adjacent to one another when the blade root of the turbine blade is positioned within the slot. Both the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are configured to be received within the root slot of the rotor disk.

Garcia-Crespo, Andres Jose; Delvaux, John McConnell

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

365

Analysis and test results for a two-bladed, passive cycle pitch, horizontal-axis wind turbine in free and controlled yaw  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report surveys the analysis and tests performed at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, on a horizontal-axis, two-laded wind turbine with teeter hub. The introduction is a brief account of results obtained during the 5-year period ending December 1985. The wind tunnel model and the test turbine (7.6 m [25 ft.] in diameter) at Washington University`s Tyson Research Center had a 67{degree} delta-three angle of the teeter axis. The introduction explains why this configuration was selected and named the passive cycle pitch (PCP) wind turbine. Through the analysis was not limited to the PCP rotor, all tests, including those done from 1986 to 1994, wee conducted with the same teetered wind rotor. The blades are rather stiff and have only a small elastic coning angle and no precone.

Holenemser, K.H. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Sandia National Laboratories: Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-Salt StorageNo MoreMagneticallyElectronOffshore

367

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN7 Roadmap forDKT.Awards and IncentivesSHARPofofSMARTDesign

368

Wind Power Today  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

Not Available

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Wind Power Today  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

Not Available

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sys (2013-2014) #12;10 System SW view joystick QR PC link PC lift roll pitch yaw sensorsES joystickIn4073 Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV #12;2 TE0300 FPGA System HW view), pitch rate (M), and yaw rate (N) (see qrsim for example!) x z y engine 4 engine 3 engine 2 engine 1 In

Langendoen, Koen

371

Oxygen-Diffused Titanium as a Candidate Brake Rotor Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Titanium alloys are one of several candidate materials for the next generation of truck disk brake rotors. Despite their advantages of lightweight relative to cast iron and good strength and corrosion resistance, titanium alloys are unlikely to be satisfactory brake rotor materials unless their friction and wear behavior can be significantly improved. In this study, a surface engineering process oxygen diffusion was applied to titanium rotors and has shown very encouraging results. The oxygen diffused Ti-6Al-4V (OD-Ti) was tested on a sub-scale brake tester against a flat block of commercial brake lining material and benchmarked against several other Ti-based materials, including untreated Ti-6Al-4V, ceramic particle-reinforced Ti composites (MMCs), and a thermal-spray-coated Ti alloy. With respect to friction, the OD-Ti outperformed all other candidate materials under the imposed test conditions with the friction coefficient remaining within a desirable range of 0.35-0.50, even under the harshest conditions when the disk surface temperature reached nearly 600 ?C. In addition, the OD-Ti showed significantly improved wear-resistance over the non-treated one and was even better than the Ti-based composite materials.

Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Blade platform seal for ceramic/metal rotor assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combination ceramic and metal turbine rotor for use in high temperature gas turbine engines includes a metal rotor disc having a rim with a plurality of circumferentially spaced blade root retention slots therein to receive a plurality of ceramic blades, each including side platform segments thereon and a dovetail configured root slidably received in one of the slots. Adjacent ones of the platform segments including edge portions thereon closely spaced when the blades are assembled to form expansion gaps in an annular flow surface for gas passage through the blades and wherein the assembly further includes a plurality of unitary seal members on the rotor connected to its rim and each including a plurality of spaced, axially extending, flexible fingers that underlie and conform to the edge portions of the platform segments and which are operative at turbine operating temperatures and speeds to distribute loading on the platform segments as the fingers are seated against the underside of the blade platforms to seal the gaps without undesirably stressing thin web ceramic sections of the platform.

Wertz, John L. (Indianapolis, IN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Virtual Models for Prediction of Wind Turbine Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—In this paper, a data-driven methodology for the development of virtual models of a wind turbine is presented. To demonstrate the proposed methodology, two parameters of the wind turbine have been selected for modeling, namely, power output and rotor speed. A virtual model for each of the two parameters is developed and tested with data collected at a wind farm. Both models consider controllable and noncontrollable parameters of the wind turbine, as well as the delay effect of wind speed and other parameters. To mitigate data bias of each virtual model and ensure its robustness, a training set is assembled from ten randomly selected turbines. The performance of a virtual model is largely determined by the input parameters selected and the data mining algorithms used to extract the model. Several data mining algorithms for parameter selection and model extraction are analyzed. The research presented in the paper is illustrated with computational results. Index Terms—Data mining, parameter selection, power prediction, virtual model, wind turbine. I.

Andrew Kusiak

374

Midwest Consortium for Wind Turbine Reliability and Optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the efforts aimed to establish a student focused laboratory apparatus that will enhance Purdue's ability to recruit and train students in topics related to the dynamics, operations and economics of wind turbines. The project also aims to facilitate outreach to students at Purdue and in grades K-12 in the State of Indiana by sharing wind turbine operational data. For this project, a portable wind turbine test apparatus was developed and fabricated utilizing an AirX 400W wind energy converter. This turbine and test apparatus was outfitted with an array of sensors used to monitor wind speed, turbine rotor speed, power output and the tower structural dynamics. A major portion of this project included the development of a data logging program used to display real-time sensor data and the recording and creation of output files for data post-processing. The apparatus was tested in an open field to subject the turbine to typical operating conditions and the data acquisition system was adjusted to obtain desired functionality to facilitate use for student projects in existing courses offered at Purdue University and Indiana University. Data collected using the data logging program is analyzed and presented to demonstrate the usefulness of the test apparatus related to wind turbine dynamics and operations.

Scott R. Dana; Douglas E. Adams; Noah J. Myrent

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

375

Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Micro Wind Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Through the Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Micro Wind Initiative the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) offers rebates of up to $4/W with a maximum of $130,000 for design and...

376

Wind energy bibliography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This bibliography is designed to help the reader search for information on wind energy. The bibliography is intended to help several audiences, including engineers and scientists who may be unfamiliar with a particular aspect of wind energy, university researchers who are interested in this field, manufacturers who want to learn more about specific wind topics, and librarians who provide information to their clients. Topics covered range from the history of wind energy use to advanced wind turbine design. References for wind energy economics, the wind energy resource, and environmental and institutional issues related to wind energy are also included.

None

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Wind for Schools (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the United States dramatically expands wind energy deployment, the industry is challenged with developing a skilled workforce and addressing public resistance. Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools project addresses these issues by developing Wind Application Centers (WACs) at universities; WAC students assist in implementing school wind turbines and participate in wind courses, by installing small wind turbines at community "host" schools, by implementing teacher training with interactive curricula at each host school. This poster provides an overview of the first two years of the Wind for Schools project, primarily supporting activities in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho.

Baring-Gould, I.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Pump impeller-shroud leakage path forces: their effect on a Jeffcott rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for finding the frequency of free vibration as well as system stability. All results lead to the conclusion that the forces have little influence on natural frequency but can have appreciable effects on system stability. Specifically, at higher values.... Figure 15. Frequency response: whirl amplitude. Frequency response: phase angle, Rotor orbit during free vibration. Time history of rotor whirl frequency ratio during free vibration, 32 32 36 36 Figure 16. Figure 17. Rotor orbit during...

Williams, James Philip

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Module Handbook Specialisation Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Wind Turbines Module name: Wind potential, Aerodynamics & Loading of Wind Turbines Section Classes Evaluation of Wind Energy Potential Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Wind turbine Aerodynamics Static and dynamic Loading of Wind turbines Credit points 8 CP

Habel, Annegret

380

Advanced wind turbine with lift-destroying aileron for shutdown  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced aileron configuration for wind turbine rotors featuring an aileron with a bottom surface that slopes upwardly at an angle toward the nose region of the aileron. The aileron rotates about a center of rotation which is located within the envelope of the aileron, but does not protrude substantially into the air flowing past the aileron while the aileron is deflected to angles within a control range of angles. This allows for strong positive control of the rotation of the rotor. When the aileron is rotated to angles within a shutdown range of deflection angles, lift-destroying, turbulence-producing cross-flow of air through a flow gap, and turbulence created by the aileron, create sufficient drag to stop rotation of the rotor assembly. The profile of the aileron further allows the center of rotation to be located within the envelope of the aileron, at or near the centers of pressure and mass of the aileron. The location of the center of rotation optimizes aerodynamically and gyroscopically induced hinge moments and provides a fail safe configuration.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Juengst, Theresa M. (Warren, VT); Zuteck, Michael D. (Kemah, TX)

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Sensitivity Analysis of Offshore Wind Cost of Energy (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

No matter the source, offshore wind energy plant cost estimates are significantly higher than for land-based projects. For instance, a National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) review on the 2010 cost of wind energy found baseline cost estimates for onshore wind energy systems to be 71 dollars per megawatt-hour ($/MWh), versus 225 $/MWh for offshore systems. There are many ways that innovation can be used to reduce the high costs of offshore wind energy. However, the use of such innovation impacts the cost of energy because of the highly coupled nature of the system. For example, the deployment of multimegawatt turbines can reduce the number of turbines, thereby reducing the operation and maintenance (O&M) costs associated with vessel acquisition and use. On the other hand, larger turbines may require more specialized vessels and infrastructure to perform the same operations, which could result in higher costs. To better understand the full impact of a design decision on offshore wind energy system performance and cost, a system analysis approach is needed. In 2011-2012, NREL began development of a wind energy systems engineering software tool to support offshore wind energy system analysis. The tool combines engineering and cost models to represent an entire offshore wind energy plant and to perform system cost sensitivity analysis and optimization. Initial results were collected by applying the tool to conduct a sensitivity analysis on a baseline offshore wind energy system using 5-MW and 6-MW NREL reference turbines. Results included information on rotor diameter, hub height, power rating, and maximum allowable tip speeds.

Dykes, K.; Ning, A.; Graf, P.; Scott, G.; Damiami, R.; Hand, M.; Meadows, R.; Musial, W.; Moriarty, P.; Veers, P.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Toughness of Cr-Mo-V steels for steam-turbine rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cr-Mo-V steels are used extensively as the rotor material in the High Pressure and Intermediate Pressure Sections of modern steam turbines. The toughness of these rotors has a major influence on the reliability and efficiency of the turbine and the overall economy of operation and maintenance of the plant. The metallurgical factors affecting the toughness of the rotors and the methods to improve the toughness are now understood better than ever before. This paper will present a broad overview of the materials and design aspects of the toughness of Cr-Mo-V rotors with emphasis on the salient results of recent research programs aimed at improving their toughness.

Viswanathan, R.; Jaffee, R.I.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tuning thermal mismatch between turbine rotor parts with a thermal medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a turbine rotor, an aft shaft wheel and the final-stage wheel of the rotor are coupled together, including by a rabbeted joint. During shutdown and startup of the turbine, a thermal mismatch between the aft shaft wheel and final-stage wheel is avoided by respectively heating and cooling the aft shaft wheel to maintain the thermal mismatch within acceptable limits, thereby avoiding opening of the rabbeted joint and the potential for unbalancing the rotor and rotor vibration. The thermal medium may be supplied by piping in the aft bearing cavity into the cavity between the forward closure plate and the aft shaft wheel.

Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Design Assessments of a Magnetic-geared Double-rotor Permanent Magnet Generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research is to provide systematic design of a permanent magnet (PM) generator, by adopting the double-rotor and the coaxial magnetic gear… (more)

Chung, He-Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Wind Resource Assessment in Europe Using Emergy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mance characteristics of wind generator. The wind speed atcharacteristics of the wind generator. When wind speed is

Paudel, Subodh; Santarelli, Massimo; Martin, Viktoria; Lacarriere, Bruno; Le Corre, Olivier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The experimental and theoretical investigaton of a horizontal-axis wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Design details of the wind turbine are discussed by the sections shown in the figure . Main Su ort Assembl The 3/4 in. diameter rotor shaft is supported at each end by roller bearings. Each bearing is clamped between two aluminum blocks. A flange...THE EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF A HORIZONTAL-AXIS WIND TURBINE A Thesis by ROBERT TERRANCE MILBURN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER...

Milburn, Robert Terrance

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Howard County- Wind Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This ordinance sets up provisions for allowing small wind energy systems in various zoning districts.

388

Self-excited induction generator for variable-speed wind turbine generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When an induction generator is connected to a utility bus, the voltage and frequency at the terminal of the generator are the same as the voltage and frequency of the utility. The reactive power needed by the induction generator is supplied by the utility and the real power is returned to the utility. The rotor speed varies within a very limited range, and the reactive power requirement must be transported through a long line feeder, thus creating additional transmission losses. The energy captured by a wind turbine can be increased if the rotor speed can be adjusted to follow wind speed variations. For small applications such as battery charging or water pumping, a stand alone operation can be implemented without the need to maintain the output frequency output of the generator. A self- excited induction generator is a good candidate for a stand alone operation where the wind turbine is operated at variable speed. Thus the performance of the wind turbine can be unproved. In this paper, we examine a self-excited induction generator operated in a stand alone mode. A potential application for battery charging is given. The output power of the generator will be controlled to improve the performance of the wind turbine.

Muljadi, E.; Gregory, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Broad, D. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wind energy offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind energy offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free, wind power is clean. One of these sources, wind energy, offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free, wind power is clean, and it is virtually inexhaustible. In recent years, research on wind energy has accelerated

Langendoen, Koen

390

Wind Power Outlook 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The brochure, expected to be updated annually, provides the American Wind Energy Association's (AWAE's) up-to-date assessment of the wind industry. It provides a summary of the state of wind power in the U.S., including the challenges and opportunities facing the industry. It provides summary information on the growth of the industry, policy-related factors such as the federal wind energy production tax credit status, comparisons with natural gas, and public views on wind energy.

anon.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Wind Resource Maps (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides high-resolution wind maps and estimates of the wind resource potential that would be possible from development of the available windy land areas after excluding areas unlikely to be developed. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to Wind Powering America's online wind energy resource maps.

Not Available

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurement Analysis and Feed-Forward Blade Pitch Control for Load Mitigation in Wind Turbines: January 2010--January 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the accuracy of measurements that rely on Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to wind turbine feed-forward control systems and discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feed-forward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. The first half of this report examines the accuracy of different measurement scenarios that rely on coherent continuous-wave or pulsed Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to feed-forward control. In particular, the impacts of measurement range and angular offset from the wind direction are studied for various wind conditions. A realistic case involving a scanning LIDAR unit mounted in the spinner of a wind turbine is studied in depth with emphasis on choices for scan radius and preview distance. The effects of turbulence parameters on measurement accuracy are studied as well. Continuous-wave and pulsed LIDAR models based on typical commercially available units were used in the studies present in this report. The second half of this report discusses feed-forward control system designs that use preview wind measurements. Combined feedback/feed-forward blade pitch control is compared to industry standard feedback control when simulated in realistic turbulent above-rated winds. The feed-forward controllers are designed to reduce fatigue loads, increasing turbine lifetime and therefore reducing the cost of energy. Three feed-forward designs are studied: non-causal series expansion, Preview Control, and optimized FIR filter. The input to the feed-forward controller is a measurement of incoming wind speeds that could be provided by LIDAR. Non-causal series expansion and Preview Control methods reduce blade root loads but increase tower bending in simulation results. The optimized FIR filter reduces loads overall, keeps pitch rates low, and maintains rotor speed regulation and power capture, while using imperfect wind measurements provided by the spinning continuous-wave LIDAR model.

Dunne, F.; Simley, E.; Pao, L.Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On-Line Disturbance Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On technique to estimate and model rotor- body parameters of a large steam turbine-generator from real time

394

An approach to the development and analysis of wind turbine control algorithms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop the capability of symbolically generating an analytical model of a wind turbine for studies of control systems. This report focuses on a theoretical formulation of the symbolic equations of motion (EOMs) modeler for horizontal axis wind turbines. In addition to the power train dynamics, a generic 7-axis rotor assembly is used as the base model from which the EOMs of various turbine configurations can be derived. A systematic approach to generate the EOMs is presented using d`Alembert`s principle and Lagrangian dynamics. A Matlab M file was implemented to generate the EOMs of a two-bladed, free yaw wind turbine. The EOMs will be compared in the future to those of a similar wind turbine modeled with the YawDyn code for verification. This project was sponsored by Sandia National Laboratories as part of the Adaptive Structures and Control Task. This is the final report of Sandia Contract AS-0985.

Wu, K.C.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hybrid Rotor Compression for Multiphase and Liquids-Rich Wellhead  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmasSandy-Nor'easter SituationHybrid Hybrid Rotor

396

Surface wind speed distributions| Implications for climate and wind power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Surface constituent and energy fluxes, and wind power depend non-linearly on wind speed and are sensitive to the tails of the wind distribution. Until… (more)

Capps, Scott Blair

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

NREL: Wind Research - Boosting Wind Plant Power Output by 4%...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boosting Wind Plant Power Output by 4%-5% through Coordinated Turbine Controls July 30, 2014 Wind plant underperformance has plagued wind plant developers for years. To address...

398

Collegiate Wind Competition Engages Tomorrow's Wind Energy Innovators...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Engages Tomorrow's Wind Energy Innovators Collegiate Wind Competition Engages Tomorrow's Wind Energy Innovators January 6, 2014 - 10:00am Addthis 2014 Collegiate Teams Boise State...

399

Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind Turbine Blade Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sinomatech Wind Power Blade (aka Sinoma Science & Technology...

400

The Ultra-micro Wave Rotor Research at Michigan State University Florin Iancu, Janusz Piechna*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Technology 24 Nowowiejska Str., 00-665 Warsaw, Poland ABSTRACT Ultra Micro Gas Turbines (Uµ concepts of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors be estimated at about 70%. 1. INTRODUCTION Starting in 1995, with the MIT "Micro Gas Turbine" project

MĂĽller, Norbert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Nonlinear Dynamics of a Rotor Supported by Homopolar Magnetic Bearings with Saturation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetic bearing model. The nonlinear dynamics of permanent magnet-biased homopolar magnetic bearing (PMB HoMB) system with 2-dof rigid and 4-dof flexible rotor is analyzed. The dynamic behavior of the rotor-bearing system is examined in the feedback...

Kang, Kyungdae

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

402

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring Mohamed: In this paper, an effective on-line method for induction motor parameter identification, especially rotor for each operating point. Computer simulations and experimental tests, carried out for a 4-kW four

Brest, Université de

403

Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow S in a rotor-stator cavity subjected to a superimposed throughflow with heat transfer. Nu- merical predictions field from the heat transfer process. The turbulent flux is approximated by a gradient hypothesis

Boyer, Edmond

404

Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis for Wave Rotor Combustor Based Combined Cycle Jessica Collins1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis for Wave Rotor Combustor Based Combined Cycle Jessica Collins1 , Brian of Engineering and Technology The conventional combustor that exists in today's market is a constant pressure device; whereas, the wave rotor combustor investigated in the present research is a constant volume

Zhou, Yaoqi

405

RECENT ADVANCES IN SMART-MATERIAL ROTOR CONTROL ACTUATION. Victor Giurgiutiu*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECENT ADVANCES IN SMART-MATERIAL ROTOR CONTROL ACTUATION. Victor Giurgiutiu*, University of South achievements in the application of active-materials actuation to counteract aeroelastic and vibration effects and capabilities is done first. Attention is focused on the smart rotor-blade applications. The induced twist

Giurgiutiu, Victor

406

Aeroelastic tailoring in wind-turbine blade applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews issues related to the use of aeroelastic tailoring as a cost-effective, passive means to shape the power curve and reduce loads. Wind turbine blades bend and twist during operation, effectively altering the angle of attack, which in turn affects loads and energy production. There are blades now in use that have significant aeroelastic couplings, either on purpose or because of flexible and light-weight designs. Since aeroelastic effects are almost unavoidable in flexible blade designs, it may be desirable to tailor these effects to the authors advantage. Efforts have been directed at adding flexible devices to a blade, or blade tip, to passively regulate power (or speed) in high winds. It is also possible to build a small amount of desirable twisting into the load response of a blade with proper asymmetric fiber lay up in the blade skin. (Such coupling is akin to distributed {delta}{sub 3} without mechanical hinges.) The tailored twisting can create an aeroelastic effect that has payoff in either better power production or in vibration alleviation, or both. Several research efforts have addressed different parts of this issue. Research and development in the use of aeroelastic tailoring on helicopter rotors is reviewed. Potential energy gains as a function of twist coupling are reviewed. The effects of such coupling on rotor stability have been studied and are presented here. The ability to design in twist coupling with either stretching or bending loads is examined also.

Veers, P.; Lobitz, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bir, G. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). National Wind Technology Center

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Advanced Flywheel Composite Rotors: Low-Cost, High-Energy Density Flywheel Storage Grid Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GRIDS Project: Boeing is developing a new material for use in the rotor of a low-cost, high-energy flywheel storage technology. Flywheels store energy by increasing the speed of an internal rotor —slowing the rotor releases the energy back to the grid when needed. The faster the rotor spins, the more energy it can store. Boeing’s new material could drastically improve the energy stored in the rotor. The team will work to improve the storage capacity of their flywheels and increase the duration over which they store energy. The ultimate goal of this project is to create a flywheel system that can be scaled up for use by electric utility companies and produce power for a full hour at a cost of $100 per kilowatt hour.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

VOL. 6, NO. 5, SEPT.-OCT. 1990 J. PROPULSION 621 Stator/Rotor Interaction in a Transonic Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the rotor blade, reflects upstream, and then reflects again off the stator blade Presented as Paper 88 and shows the large unsteadiness in the lift on the rotor blade. Basic NumericalMethod The flowfiVOL. 6, NO. 5, SEPT.-OCT. 1990 J. PROPULSION 621 Stator/Rotor Interaction in a Transonic Turbine

Giles, Mike

409

Next-Generation Wind Technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Wind Program works with industry partners to increase the performance and reliability of next-generation wind technologies while lowering the cost of wind energy.

410

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

natural gas prices), pushed wind energy to the top of (andperformance, and price of wind energy, policy uncertainty –cost, performance, and price of wind energy, some of these

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects of Integrating Wind Power on Transmission Systemat Various Levels of Wind Power Capacity Penetration 201242 6. Wind Power Price

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Wind Farms in North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

About Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors. EnergyOpinion on Offshore Wind Power - Interim Report. University2002) Economic Impacts of Wind Power in Kittitas County, Wa.

Hoen, Ben

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 ­ August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

414

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 ­ May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

415

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle June 1, 2005 ­ August 31, 2005 Prepared for United States Department...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

416

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 ­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

417

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 ­ February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

418

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle December 1, 2004 ­ February 28, 2005 Prepared for United States.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

419

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 ­ May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

420

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Consult. 2010. International Wind Energy Development: WorldUBS Global I/O: Global Wind Sector. UBS Investment Research.

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008. Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association.American Wind Energy Association ( AWEA).2009b. AWEA Small Wind Turbine Global Market Study: Year

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 ­ November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

423

WIND DATA REPORT FALMOUTH, MA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT FALMOUTH, MA June1, 2004 to August 31, 2004. Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 8 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

424

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle March 1, 2005 ­ May 31, 2005 Prepared for United States Department.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

425

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Presque Isle December 1, 2004 ­ December 1, 2005 Prepared for United States ......................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

426

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010. SPP WITF Wind Integration Study. Little Rock,GE Energy. 2011a. Oahu Wind Integration Study Final Report.PacifiCorp. 2010. 2010 Wind Integration Study. Portland,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind turbine components (specifically, generators, bladeschangers. ” Wind turbine components such as blades, towers,Canada (8%). Wind turbine component exports (towers, blades,

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

2012 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colorado: Xcel Energy. 2012 Wind Technologies Market ReportOperator. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report Chadbourne &Power Company. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report EnerNex

Wiser, Ryan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market Report vii potential wind energy generation withinthat nearly 8% of potential wind energy generation withinAreas, in GWh (and % of potential wind generation) Electric

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capacity), with 17% of all potential wind energy generationthat roughly 17% of potential wind energy generation withinexample, roughly 1% of potential wind energy output in 2009

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

North Wind Power Company 2-kilowatt high-reliability wind system. Phase I. Design and analysis. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented of Phase I of a program to design a 2kW high reliability wind turbine for use in remote locations and harsh environments. In phase I of the program, a predecessor of the proposed design was procured and tested in a wind tunnel and in the freestream to observe operational characteristics. An analytical procedure was developed for designing and modelling the proposed variable axis rotor control system (VARCS). This was then verified by extensive mobile testing of pre-prototype components. A low speed three phase alternator with a Lundel type rotor was designed. Prototypes were fabricated and tested to refine calculation procedures and develop an effective alternator with appropriate characteristics. A solid state field switching regulator was designed and tested successfully. All necessary support elements were designed and engineered. A complete analysis of system reliability was conducted including failure mode and effects analyses and reliability, maintenance and safety analyses. Cost estimates were performed for a mature product in production rates of 1000 per year. Analysis and testing conducted throughout the first phase is included.

Mayer, D J; Norton, Jr, J H

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Wind energy information guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book is divided into nine chapters. Chapters 1--8 provide background and annotated references on wind energy research, development, and commercialization. Chapter 9 lists additional sources of printed information and relevant organizations. Four indices provide alphabetical access to authors, organizations, computer models and design tools, and subjects. A list of abbreviations and acronyms is also included. Chapter topics include: introduction; economics of using wind energy; wind energy resources; wind turbine design, development, and testing; applications; environmental issues of wind power; institutional issues; and wind energy systems development.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Wind Power Career Chat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document will teach students about careers in the wind energy industry. Wind energy, both land-based and offshore, is expected to provide thousands of new jobs in the next several decades. Wind energy companies are growing rapidly to meet America's demand for clean, renewable, and domestic energy. These companies need skilled professionals. Wind power careers will require educated people from a variety of areas. Trained and qualified workers manufacture, construct, operate, and manage wind energy facilities. The nation will also need skilled researchers, scientists, and engineers to plan and develop the next generation of wind energy technologies.

Not Available

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

EA-1726: Kahuku Wind Power, LLC Wind Power Generation Facility...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: Kahuku Wind Power, LLC Wind Power Generation Facility, O'ahu, HI EA-1726: Kahuku Wind Power, LLC Wind Power Generation Facility, O'ahu, HI May 3, 2010 EA-1726: Final...

435

2008 Wind Energy Projects, Wind Powering America (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Wind Powering America program produces a poster at the end of every calendar year that depicts new U.S. wind energy projects. The 2008 poster includes the following projects: Stetson Wind Farm in Maine; Dutch Hill Wind Farm in New York; Grand Ridge Wind Energy Center in Illinois; Hooper Bay, Alaska; Forestburg, South Dakota; Elbow Creek Wind Project in Texas; Glacier Wind Farm in Montana; Wray, Colorado; Smoky Hills Wind Farm in Kansas; Forbes Park Wind Project in Massachusetts; Spanish Fork, Utah; Goodland Wind Farm in Indiana; and the Tatanka Wind Energy Project on the border of North Dakota and South Dakota.

Not Available

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effects of turbulence on power generation for variable-speed wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the primary advantages of variable-speed wind turbines over fixed-speed turbines should be improved aerodynamic efficiency. With variable-speed generation, in order to maintain a constant ratio of wind speed to tip speed, the wind turbine changes rotor speed as the wind speed changes. In this paper we compare a stall-controlled, variable-speed wind turbine to a fixed-speed turbine. The focus of this paper is to investigate the effects of variable speed on energy capture and its ability to control peak power. We also show the impact of turbulence on energy capture in moderate winds. In this report, we use a dynamic simulator to apply different winds to a wind turbine model. This model incorporates typical inertial and aerodynamic performance characteristics. From this study we found a control strategy that makes it possible to operate a stall-controlled turbine using variable speed to optimize energy capture and to control peak power. We also found that turbulence does not have a significant impact on energy capture.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Buhl, M.L. Jr.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

WARP: A modular wind power system for distributed electric utility application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Steady development of wind turbine technology, and the accumulation of wind farm operating experience, have resulted in the emergence of wind power as a potentially attractive source of electricity for utilities. Since wind turbines are inherently modular, with medium-sized units typically in the range of a few hundred kilowatts each, they lend themselves well to distributed generation service. A patented wind power technology, the Toroidal Accelerator Rotor Platform (TARP) Windframe, forms the basis for a proposed network-distributed, wind power plant combining electric generation and transmission. While heavily building on proven wind turbine technology, this system is projected to surpass traditional configuration windmills through a unique distribution/transmission combination, superior performance, user-friendly operation and maintenance, and high availability and reliability. Furthermore, its environmental benefits include little new land requirements, relatively attractive appearance, lower noise and EMI/TV interference, and reduced avian (bird) mortality potential. Its cost of energy is projected to be very competitive, in the range of from approximately 2{cents}/kWh to 5{cents}/kWh, depending on the wind resource.

Weisbrich, A.L. [ENECO, West Simsbury, CT (United States)] [ENECO, West Simsbury, CT (United States); Ostrow, S.L.; Padalino, J.P. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, New York, NY (United States)] [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, New York, NY (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Competitive Wind Grants (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Clean Energy Development Fund Board will offer a wind grant program beginning October 1, 2013. The grant program will replace the wind incentives that were originally part of the [http:/...

439

Residential Wind Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research study will explore the use of residential wind power and associated engineering and environmental issues. There is various wind power generating devices available to the consumer. The study will discuss the dependencies of human...

Willis, Gary

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

See the Wind  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

See the Wind Grades: 5-8 , 9-12 Topic: Wind Energy Owner: Kidwind Project This educational material is brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Talbot County- Wind Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This ordinance amends the Talbot County Code, Chapter 190, Zoning, Subdivision and Land Development, to permit small wind turbine systems with wind turbine towers not to exceed 160 feet in total...

442

Wind Energy Act (Maine)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Maine Wind Energy Act is a summary of legislative findings that indicate the state's strong interest in promoting the development of wind energy and establish the state's desire to ease the...

443

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AWEA?s Wind Energy Weekly, DOE/EPRI?s Turbine Verification10% Wind Energy Penetration New large-scale 9 wind turbineswind energy continues to decline as a result of lower wind turbine

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AWEA’s Wind Energy Weekly, DOE/EPRI’s Turbine Verification10% Wind Energy Penetration New large-scale 8 wind turbinesTurbine Market Report. Washington, D.C. : American Wind Energy

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prepared for the Utility Wind Integration Group. Arlington,Wind Logics, Inc. 2004. Wind Integration Study—Final Report.EnerNex Corp. 2006. Wind Integration Study for Public

Bolinger, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Kent County- Wind Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This ordinance establishes provisions and standards for small wind energy systems in various zoning districts in Kent County, Maryland.

447

DOE and Sandia National Laboratories Develop National Rotor Testbed...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The SWiFT facility, which was commissioned this July, is unique in that it utilizes wind turbines that are large enough to represent the physics relevant to utility-scale machines,...

448

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is located in Europe. In contrast, all wind power projectsin Europe. In 2009, for example, more wind power was

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

CONGRESSIONAL BRIEFING Offshore Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONGRESSIONAL BRIEFING Offshore Wind Lessons Learned from Europe: Reducing Costs and Creating Jobs Thursday, June 12, 2014 Capitol Visitors Center, Room SVC 215 Enough offshore wind capacity to power six the past decade. What has Europe learned that is applicable to a U.S. effort to deploy offshore wind off

Firestone, Jeremy

450

Wind power outlook 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual brochure provides the American Wind Energy Association's up-to-date assessment of the wind industry in the United States. This 2006 general assessment shows positive signs of growth, use and acceptance of wind energy as a vital component of the U.S. energy mix.

anon.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Wind Economic Development (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Wind farm electrical system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An approach to wind farm design using variable speed wind turbines with low pulse number electrical output. The output of multiple wind turbines are aggregated to create a high pulse number electrical output at a point of common coupling with a utility grid network. Power quality at each individual wind turbine falls short of utility standards, but the aggregated output at the point of common coupling is within acceptable tolerances for utility power quality. The approach for aggregating low pulse number electrical output from multiple wind turbines relies upon a pad mounted transformer at each wind turbine that performs phase multiplication on the output of each wind turbine. Phase multiplication converts a modified square wave from the wind turbine into a 6 pulse output. Phase shifting of the 6 pulse output from each wind turbine allows the aggregated output of multiple wind turbines to be a 24 pulse approximation of a sine wave. Additional filtering and VAR control is embedded within the wind farm to take advantage of the wind farm's electrical impedence characteristics to further enhance power quality at the point of common coupling.

Erdman, William L.; Lettenmaier, Terry M.

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

453

Why do meteorologists use wind vanes? Wind vanes are used to determine the direction of the wind. Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fun Facts Why do meteorologists use wind vanes? Wind vanes are used to determine the direction of the wind. Wind· vanes are also called weather vanes. What do wind vanes look like on a weather station? Wind vanes that are on weather stations look a lot like the one you· made! The biggest differences

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

454

Wind: wind speed and wind power density maps at 10m and 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

files of wind speed and wind power density at 10 and 50 m heights. Global data of offshore wind resource as generated by NASA's QuikSCAT SeaWinds scatterometer....

455

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 10m and 50m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

files of wind speed and wind power density at 10 and 50 m heights. Global data of offshore wind resource as generated by NASA's QuikScat SeaWinds scatterometer....

456

Nov/15/2006 Power Alternatives for the OTG Power Alternatives for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is measured in kg/m³, R (rotor radius) is in m, and v (wind speed) is in m/s. #12;Nov/15/2006 Power.5)2004.4 (9.8)100 00001 Speed (b) m/s (mph) Wind Power Density (W/m2) Speed (b) m/s (mph) Wind Power Density.2 ft.) · Start-up Wind Speed: 3m/s (6.7 mph) · Rated Wind Speed: 11m/s (24.6 mph) · Rated Power: 1000

Cruz-Pol, Sandra L.

457

Adaptor assembly for coupling turbine blades to rotor disks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An adaptor assembly for coupling a blade root of a turbine blade to a root slot of a rotor disk is disclosed. The adaptor assembly may generally include an adaptor body having a root configured to be received within the root slot. The adaptor body may also define a slot having an open end configured to receive the blade root. The adaptor body may further define a channel. The adaptor assembly may also include a plate having an outwardly extending foot. The foot may be configured to be received within the channel. Additionally, the plate may be configured to cover at least a portion of the open end of the slot when the foot is received within the channel.

Delvaux, John McConnel; Garcia-Crespo, Andres Jose; Joyce, Kilmer Joseph; Tindell, Allan Randall

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

458

Vibration analysis of rotor systems using reduced subsystem models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and concern. Thanks are also extended to Dr. Alan B. Alter and Dr. Charles F. Rettleborough for their contribution to my academic program at Texas A&M University. NOMENCLATURE [] [A] [Cl [D?l [r?] (F} [G] [l-l ['~, , l ['J, ] Jrz [K] [Ml {p... of the spinning rotor can be written as m. R. Z + f. = f. + m. ai?y + m. ai?p i iZ iZ iX i iX i iY + '2 id&iY ?iY ?iY ' & iP&ix ' e iXZ ' & iYZ (la) 2 ?i id( iX iX ?ix ~ ip~iY ~ iYZ ~iXZ (lb) where / Hydrogen I or o 0 p um'p Hain Combusrion Chamber Z...

Fan, Uei-Jiun

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cooling system for a bearing of a turbine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a gas turbine, a bore tube assembly radially inwardly of an aft bearing conveys cooling steam to the buckets of the turbine and returns the cooling steam to a return. To cool the bearing and thermally insulate the bearing from the cooling steam paths, a radiation shield is spaced from the bore tube assembly by a dead air gap. Additionally, an air passageway is provided between the radiation shield and the inner surface of an aft shaft forming part of the rotor. Air is supplied from an inlet for flow along the passage and radially outwardly through bores in the aft shaft disk to cool the bearing and insulate it from transfer of heat from the cooling steam.

Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with a starting and braking control system. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotary axis by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the axis and being provided with a low speed control windmill in which the radial position of each operating piece varies with a centrifugal force produced by the rotation of the vertical rotary axis.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Vertical axis wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines are largely divided into vertical axis wind turbines and propeller (Horizontal axis) wind turbines. The present invention discloses a vertical axis high speed wind turbine provided with rotational speed control systems. This vertical axis wind turbine is formed by having blades of a proper airfoil fitted to respective supporting arms provided radially from a vertical rotating shaft by keeping the blade span-wise direction in parallel with the shaft and being provided with aerodynamic control elements operating manually or automatically to control the rotational speed of the turbine.

Kato, Y.; Seki, K.; Shimizu, Y.

1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

462

Wind energy applications guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The brochure is an introduction to various wind power applications for locations with underdeveloped transmission systems, from remote water pumping to village electrification. It includes an introductory section on wind energy, including wind power basics and system components and then provides examples of applications, including water pumping, stand-alone systems for home and business, systems for community centers, schools, and health clinics, and examples in the industrial area. There is also a page of contacts, plus two specific example applications for a wind-diesel system for a remote station in Antarctica and one on wind-diesel village electrification in Russia.

anon.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Coastal Ohio Wind Project for Reduced Barriers to Deployment of Offshore Wind Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coastal Ohio Wind Project was created to establish the viability of wind turbines on the coastal and offshore regions of Northern Ohio. The project’s main goal was to improve operational unit strategies used for environmental impact assessment of offshore turbines on lake wildlife by optimizing and fusing data from the multi-instrument surveillance system and providing an engineering analysis of potential design/operational alternatives for offshore wind turbines. The project also developed a general economic model for offshore WTG deployment to quantify potential revenue losses due to wind turbine shutdown related to ice and avian issues. In a previous phase of this project (Award Number: DE-FG36-06GO86096), we developed a surveillance system that was used to collect different parameters such as passage rates, flight paths, flight directions, and flight altitudes of nocturnal migrating species, movements of birds and bats, and bird calls for assessing patterns and peak passage rates during migration. To derive such parameters we used thermal IR imaging cameras, acoustic recorders, and marine radar Furuno (XANK250), which was coupled with a XIR3000B digitizing card from Russell Technologies and open source radR processing software. The integration yielded a development of different computational techniques and methods, which we further developed and optimized as a combined surveillance system. To accomplish this task we implemented marine radar calibration, optimization of processing parameters, and fusion of the multi-sensor data in order to make inferences about the potential avian targets. The main goal of the data fusion from the multi-sensor environment was aimed at reduction of uncertainties while providing acceptable confidence levels with detailed information about the migration patterns. Another component comprised of an assessment of wind resources in a near lake environment and an investigation of the effectiveness of ice coating materials to mitigate adverse effects of ice formation on wind turbine structures. Firstly, a Zephir LiDAR system was acquired and installed at Woodlands School in Huron, Ohio, which is located near Lake Erie. Wind resource data were obtained at ten measurement heights, 200m, 150m, 100m, 80m, 60m, 40m, 38m, 30m, 20m, and 10m. The Woodlands School’s wind turbine anemometer also measured the wind speed at the hub height. These data were collected for approximately one year. The hub anemometer data correlated well with the LiDAR wind speed measurements at the same height. The data also showed that on several days different power levels were recorded by the turbine at the same wind speed as indicated by the hub anemometer. The corresponding LiDAR data showed that this difference can be attributed to variability in the wind over the turbine rotor swept area, which the hub anemometer could not detect. The observation suggests that single point hub wind velocity measurements are inadequate to accurately estimate the power generated by a turbine at all times since the hub wind speed is not a good indicator of the wind speed over the turbine rotor swept area when winds are changing rapidly. To assess the effectiveness of ice coatings to mitigate the impact of ice on turbine structures, a closed-loop icing research tunnel (IRT) was designed and constructed. By controlling the temperature, air speed, water content and liquid droplet size, the tunnel enabled consistent and repeatable ice accretion under a variety of conditions with temperatures between approximately 0°C and -20°C and wind speeds up to 40 miles per hour in the tunnel’s test section. The tunnel’s cooling unit maintained the tunnel temperature within ±0.2°C. The coatings evaluated in the study were Boyd Coatings Research Company’s CRC6040R3, MicroPhase Coatings Inc.’s PhaseBreak TP, ESL and Flex coatings. Similar overall performance was observed in all coatings tested in that water droplets form on the test articles beginning at the stagnation region and spreading in the downstream direction in time. When compari

Gorsevski, Peter; Afjeh, Abdollah; Jamali, Mohsin; Carroll, Michael

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

464

Wind Program: Wind Vision | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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465

Wind energy conversion system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The wind energy conversion system includes a wind machine having a propeller connected to a generator of electric power, the propeller rotating the generator in response to force of an incident wind. The generator converts the power of the wind to electric power for use by an electric load. Circuitry for varying the duty factor of the generator output power is connected between the generator and the load to thereby alter a loading of the generator and the propeller by the electric load. Wind speed is sensed electro-optically to provide data of wind speed upwind of the propeller, to thereby permit tip speed ratio circuitry to operate the power control circuitry and thereby optimize the tip speed ratio by varying the loading of the propeller. Accordingly, the efficiency of the wind energy conversion system is maximized.

Longrigg, Paul (Golden, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Wind tower service lift  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus used for maintaining a wind tower structure wherein the wind tower structure may have a plurality of legs and may be configured to support a wind turbine above the ground in a better position to interface with winds. The lift structure may be configured for carrying objects and have a guide system and drive system for mechanically communicating with a primary cable, rail or other first elongate member attached to the wind tower structure. The drive system and guide system may transmit forces that move the lift relative to the cable and thereby relative to the wind tower structure. A control interface may be included for controlling the amount and direction of the power into the guide system and drive system thereby causing the guide system and drive system to move the lift relative to said first elongate member such that said lift moves relative to said wind tower structure.

Oliphant, David; Quilter, Jared; Andersen, Todd; Conroy, Thomas

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

467

Baseline Design of a Hurricane-Resilient Wind Turbine (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored research FOA 415, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory led a team of research groups to produce a complete design of a large wind turbine system to be deployable in the western Gulf of Mexico region. As such, the turbine and its support structure would be subjected to hurricane-loading conditions. Among the goals of this research was the exploration of advanced and innovative configurations that would help decrease the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of the design, and the expansion of the basic IEC design load cases (DLCs) to include hurricane environmental conditions. The wind turbine chosen was a three-bladed, downwind, direct-drive, 10-MW rated machine. The rotor blade was optimized based on an IEC load suite analysis. The drivetrain and nacelle components were scaled up from a smaller sized turbine using industry best practices. The tubular steel tower was sized using ultimate load values derived from the rotor optimization analysis. The substructure is an innovative battered and raked jacket structure. The innovative turbine has also been modeled within an aero-servo-hydro-elastic tool, and future papers will discuss results of the dynamic response analysis for select DLCs. Although multiple design iterations could not be performed because of limited resources in this study, and are left to future research, the obtained data will offer a good indication of the expected LCOE for large offshore wind turbines to be deployed in subtropical U.S. waters, and the impact design innovations can have on this value.

Damiani, R.; Robertson, A.; Schreck, S.; Maples, B.; Anderson, M.; Finucane, Z.; Raina, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

the risk issue of wind measurement for wind turbine operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences, National Taiwan University #12;outline · Wind measurement in meteorology and wind farm design-related issues on wind turbine operation 3/31/2011 2 #12;WIND MEASUREMENT IN METEOROLOGY & WIND FARM DESIGN 3.brainybetty.com 11 wind farm at ChangHwa Coastal Industrial Park 70m wind tower 70m 50m 30m 10m #12;1 2 3 4 5 1 (70M

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

469

NREL: Wind Research - WindPACT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the cost of wind energy Determine probable size ranges of advanced utility-scale turbines over the next decade for U.S. application Evaluate advanced concepts that are...

470

The cost of noise reduction for departure and arrival operations of commercial tilt rotor aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relationship between direct operating cost (DOC) and noise annoyance due to a departure and an arrival operation was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt ...

Faulkner, Henry B.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Wave Rotor Research Program at Michigan State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and power generation purposes including utilization of wave rotors for microturbines, ultra-micro gas turbines, and water refrigeration systems. In collaboration with the research team at Warsaw University

MĂĽller, Norbert

472

Identification of rotordynamic forces in a flexible rotor system using magnetic bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods are presented for parameter identification of an annular gas seal on a flexiblerotor test rig. Dynamic loads are applied by magnetic bearings (MBs) that support the rotor. MB forces are measured using fiber-optic strain gauges...

Zutavern, Zachary Scott

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

473

A study of chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Numerous researchers have published a myriad of papers on the application of chaos theory to mechanical, electrical and biological systems. However, control theories of chaos have been in existence for only a decade and have not been applied to rotor...

Ortiz, Steven Rey

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

474

An efficient algorithm for blade loss simulations applied to a high-order rotor dynamics problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, a novel approach is presented for blade loss simulation of an aircraft gas turbine rotor mounted on rolling element bearings with squeeze film dampers, seal rub and enclosed in a flexible housing. The modal truncation augmentation...

Parthasarathy, Nikhil Kaushik

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

Effects of rotor tip clearance on an embedded compressor stage performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressor efficiency variation with rotor tip gap is assessed using numerical simulations on an embedded stage representative of that in a large industrial gas turbine with Reynolds number being approximately 2 x 106 to ...

Sakulkaew, Sitanun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

An embedded controller for quad-rotor flying robots running distributed algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple collaborating quad-rotor flying robots are useful in a broad range of applications, from surveillance with onboard cameras to reconfiguration of wireless networks. For these applications, it is often advantageous ...

Julian, Brian John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Measurements of imbalance response for a rigid rotor fully supported on squeeze film dampers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speeds. Adding damping to a rotor-bearing system reduces vibration amplitudes and provides isolation from the support structure. Squeeze film dampers (SFD), if properly employed, have been shown to effectively provide viscous damping and attenuate...

Lubell, Daniel Roger

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The determination of stochastic loads on horizontal axis wind turbine blades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FAST Code which is capable of determining structural loads of a flexible, teetering, horizontal axis wind turbine is described and comparisons of calculated loads with test data are given at two wind speeds for the ESI-80. The FAST Code models a two-bladed HAWT with degrees-of-freedom for blade bending, teeter, drive train flexibility, yaw, and windwise and crosswind tower motion. The code allows blade dimensions, stiffnesses, and weights to differ and the code models tower shadow, wind shear, and turbulence. Additionally, dynamic stall is included as are delta-3 and an underslung rotor. Load comparisons are made with ESI-80 test data in the form of power spectral density, rainflow counting occurrence histograms, and azimuth averaged bin plots. It is concluded that agreement between the FAST Code and test results is good.

Freeman, L.N.; Wilson, R.E. [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Model Fidelity Study of Dynamic Transient Loads in a Wind Turbine Gearbox: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transient events cause high loads in the drivetrain components so measuring and calculating these loads can improve confidence in drivetrain design. This paper studies the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative 750kW wind turbine gearbox response during transient events using a combined experimental and modeling approach. The transient events include emergency shut-downs and start-ups measured during a field testing period in 2009. The drivetrain model is established in the multibody simulation tool Simpack. A detailed study of modeling fidelity required for accurate load prediction is performed and results are compared against measured loads. A high fidelity model that includes shaft and housing flexibility and accurate bearing stiffnesses is important for the higher-speed stage bearing loads. Each of the transient events has different modeling requirements.

Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Moan, T.; Xing, Y.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The effect of teeth-on-stator labyrinth seals on rotor imbalance response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, diverging and straight refer to the pattern of cleatances between the blades and the rotor in the direction of fluid flow. Figure 2 depicts the seal clearance patterns. Synchronous response tests wctu repeated after installation of each seal to observe...THE EFFECT OF TEETH-ON-STATOR LABYRINTH SEALS ON ROTOR IMBALANCE RESPONSE A Thesis by EILEEN MARIE CONWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Conway, Eileen Marie

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Imbalance response of a rigid rotor supported on end sealed integral squeeze film dampers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMBALANCE RESPONSE OF A RIGID ROTOR SUPPORTED ON END SEALED INTEGRAL SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS A Thesis by OSCAR CESAR DE SANTIAGO DURAN Submitted to the Ofhce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1998 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering IMBALANCE RESPONSE OF A RIGID ROTOR SUPPORTED ON END SEALED INTEGRAL SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS A Thesis by OSCAR. CESAR DE SANTIAGO DURAN Submitted to Texas ARM University...

De Santiago Duran, Oscar Cesar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Analytical determination of performance degradation on a helicopter main rotor due to ice accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION ON A HELICOPTER MAIN ROTOR DUE TO ICE ACCRETION A Thesis by JAVIER CAMBA III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION ON A HELICOPTER MAIN ROTOR DUE TO ICE ACCRETION A Thesis by JAVIER CAMBA III Approval as to style and content by...

Camba, Javier

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Genetic icing effects on forward flight performance of a model helicopter rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis by ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth D. Korkan...

Tinetti-Sanchez, Ana Fiorella

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

How to improve open rotor aerodynamics at cruise and take-off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2014 University of Cambridge DRAFT – HOW TO IMPROVE OPEN ROTOR AERODYNAMICS AT CRUISE AND TAKE-OFF Cesare Hall, Alexios Zachariadis, Tobias Brandvik, Nishad Sohoni cah1003@cam.ac.uk University of Cambridge, Whittle... Laboratory 1 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0DY ABSTRACT A key challenge in open rotor design is getting the optimum aerodynamics at both the cruise and take-off conditions. This is particularly difficult because the operation and the requirements...

Hall, Cesare; Zachariadis, Alexios; Brandvik, Tobias; Sohoni, Nishad

485

Wind energy conversion system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a wind energy conversion system comprising: a propeller rotatable by force of wind; a generator of electricity mechanically coupled to the propeller for converting power of the wind to electric power for use by an electric load; means coupled between the generator and the electric load for varying the electric power drawn by the electric load to alter the electric loading of the generator; means for electro-optically sensing the speed of the wind at a location upwind from the propeller; and means coupled between the sensing means and the power varying means for operating the power varying means to adjust the electric load of the generator in accordance with a sensed value of wind speed to thereby obtain a desired ratio of wind speed to the speed of a tip of a blade of the propeller.

Longrigg, P.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

486

WINDExchange Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and Interconnection for Offshore Wind WINDExchange Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and Interconnection for Offshore Wind...

487

wind_guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guidance to Accompany Non-Availability Waiver of the Recovery Act Buy American Provisions for 5kW and 50kW Wind Turbines

488

Barstow Wind Turbine Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Barstow Wind Turbine project for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

489

Vertical axis wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A vertical axis wind turbine is described. The wind turbine can include a top ring, a middle ring and a lower ring, wherein a plurality of vertical airfoils are disposed between the rings. For example, three vertical airfoils can be attached between the upper ring and the middle ring. In addition, three more vertical airfoils can be attached between the lower ring and the middle ring. When wind contacts the vertically arranged airfoils the rings begin to spin. By connecting the rings to a center pole which spins an alternator, electricity can be generated from wind.

Krivcov, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Krivospitski, Vladimir (Miass, RU); Maksimov, Vasili (Miass, RU); Halstead, Richard (Rohnert Park, CA); Grahov, Jurij (Miass, RU)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

490

Wind Wave Float  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Weinstein Principle Power, Inc. aweinstein@principlepowerinc.com November 1, 2011 2 | Wind and Water Power Program eere.energy.gov Purpose, Objectives, & Integration Project...

491

Talkin’ Bout Wind Generation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The amount of electricity generated by the wind industry started to grow back around 1999, and since 2007 has been increasing at a rapid pace.

492

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation For more than 45 years, Western University has been internationally recognized as the leading university for wind engineering and wind- related research. Its of environmental disaster mitigation, with specific strengths in wind and earthquake research. Boundary Layer Wind

Denham, Graham

493

Wind Energy and Spatial Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2/3/2011 1 Wind Energy and Spatial Technology Lori Pelech Why Wind Energy? A clean, renewable 2,600 tons of carbon emissions annually ­ The economy · Approximately 85,000 wind energy workers to Construct a Wind Farm... Geo-Spatial Components of Wind Farm Development Process Selecting a Project Site

Schweik, Charles M.

494

Proceedings Nordic Wind Power Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Possible Power for Wind Plant Control Power Fluctuations from Offshore Wind Farms; Model Validation System grounding of wind farm medium voltage cable grids Faults in the Collection Grid of Offshore systems of wind turbines and wind farms. NWPC presents the newest research results related to technical

495

Wind Power Today, 2010, Wind and Water Power Program (WWPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Water Power Program.

Not Available

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

American Wind Energy Association Wind Energy Finance and Investment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Energy Finance and Investment Seminar American Wind Energy Association Wind Energy Finance and Investment Seminar October 20, 2014 8:00AM EDT to October 21, 2014 5:00PM EDT...

497

Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools Team Honored with Wirth...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

America's Wind for Schools Team Honored with Wirth Chair Award Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools Team Honored with Wirth Chair Award May 1, 2012 - 2:46pm Addthis This is an...

498

20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply Here you will find the...

499

LARGE SCALE WIND CLIMATOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS OF WIND ENERGY UTILIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this article is to describe the particular field of climatology which analyzes air movement characteristics regarding utilization of wind for energy generation. The article describes features of wind energy potential available in Hungary compared to wind conditions in other areas of the northern quarter sphere in order to assist the wind energy use development in Hungary. Information on wind climate gives a solid basis for financial and economic decisions of stakeholders in the field of wind energy utilization.

Andrea Kircsi

500

Control system for a wound-rotor motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load switching circuit for switching two or more transformer taps under load carrying conditions includes first and second parallel connected bridge rectifier circuits which control the selective connection of a direct current load to taps of a transformer. The first bridge circuit is normally conducting so that the load is connected to a first tap through the first bridge circuit. To transfer the load to the second tap, a switch is operable to connect the second bridge circuit to a second tap, and when the second bridge circuit begins to conduct, the first bridge circuit ceases conduction because the potential at the second tap is higher than the potential at the first tap, and the load is thus connected to the second tap through the second bridge circuit. The load switching circuit is applicable in a motor speed controller for a wound-rotor motor for effecting tap switching as a function of motor speed while providing a stepless motor speed control characteristic.

Ellis, James N. (Chatsworth, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z