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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Wisconsin Start-up Taps into Wind Supply Chain | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Start-up Taps into Wind Supply Chain Start-up Taps into Wind Supply Chain Wisconsin Start-up Taps into Wind Supply Chain August 10, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Renewegy, LLC received a $525,000 Recovery Act loan to help start its smaller-scale wind turbine business. This fall, the company will begin production on its first batch of turbine systems. | Photo courtesy of Renewegy Renewegy, LLC received a $525,000 Recovery Act loan to help start its smaller-scale wind turbine business. This fall, the company will begin production on its first batch of turbine systems. | Photo courtesy of Renewegy Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Renewegy received $525,000 Recovery Act loan to start wind turbine business Business hired 16 people and projects at least three more by end of

2

Wind turbine rotor aileron  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine has a rotor with at least one blade which has an aileron which is adjusted by an actuator. A hinge has two portions, one for mounting a stationary hinge arm to the blade, the other for coupling to the aileron actuator. Several types of hinges can be used, along with different actuators. The aileron is designed so that it has a constant chord with a number of identical sub-assemblies. The leading edge of the aileron has at least one curved portion so that the aileron does not vent over a certain range of angles, but vents if the position is outside the range. A cyclic actuator can be mounted to the aileron to adjust the position periodically. Generally, the aileron will be adjusted over a range related to the rotational position of the blade. A method for operating the cyclic assembly is also described.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT)

1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

Wind turbine rotor hub and teeter joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor hub is provided for coupling a wind turbine rotor blade and a shaft. The hub has a yoke with a body which is connected to the shaft, and extension portions which are connected to teeter bearing blocks, each of which has an aperture. The blocks are connected to a saddle which envelops the rotor blade by one or two shafts which pass through the apertures in the bearing blocks. The saddle and blade are separated by a rubber interface which provides for distribution of stress over a larger portion of the blade. Two teeter control mechanisms, which may include hydraulic pistons and springs, are connected to the rotor blade and to the yoke at extension portions. These control mechanisms provide end-of-stroke damping, braking, and stiffness based on the teeter angle and speed of the blade.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT); Jankowski, Joseph (Stowe, VT)

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

4

Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications  

SciTech Connect

The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy we analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. in extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Wind turbine rotor hub and teeter joint - Energy Innovation Portal  

A rotor hub is provided for coupling a wind turbine rotor blade and a shaft. The hub has a yoke with a body which is connected to the shaft, and extension portions ...

6

Structural testing of the North Wind 250 composite rotor joint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The North Wind 250 wind turbine is under development at Northern Power Systems (NPS) in Moretown, VT. The turbine uses a unique, flow-through, teetered-rotor design. This design eliminates structural discontinuities at the blade/hub interface by fabricating the rotor as one continuous structural element. To accomplish this, the two blade spars are joined at the center of the rotor using a proprietary bonding technique. Fatigue tests were conducted on the full-scale rotor joint at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Subsequent tests are now underway to test the full-scale rotor and hub assembly to verify the design assumptions. The test articles were mounted in dedicated test fixtures. For the joint test, a constant moment was generated across the joint and parent material. Hydraulic actuators applied sinusoidal loading to the test article at levels equivalent to 90% of the extreme wind load for over one million cycles. When the loading was increased to 112% of the extreme wind load, the joint failed by buckling. Strain levels were monitored at 14 locations inside and outside of the blade joint during the test. The tests were used to qualify this critical element of the rotor for field testing and to provide information needed to improve the structural design of the joint.

Musial, W; Link, H [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Coleman, C [Northern Power Systems, Moretown, VT (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Control of wind turbine output power via a variable rotor resistance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many utility-scale wind turbine generators use wound-rotor induction machines. By adding an external rotor resistance to the rotor circuit it is possible to control the… (more)

Burnham, David James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Hi-Q Rotor - Low Wind Speed Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The project objective was to optimize the performance of the Hi-Q Rotor. Early research funded by the California Energy Commission indicated the design might be advantageous over state-of-the-art turbines for collecting wind energy in low wind conditions. The Hi-Q Rotor is a new kind of rotor targeted for harvesting wind in Class 2, 3, and 4 sites, and has application in areas that are closer to cities, or 'load centers.' An advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor is that the rotor has non-conventional blade tips, producing less turbulence, and is quieter than standard wind turbine blades which is critical to the low-wind populated urban sites. Unlike state-of-the-art propeller type blades, the Hi-Q Rotor has six blades connected by end caps. In this phase of the research funded by DOE's Inventions and Innovation Program, the goal was to improve the current design by building a series of theoretical and numeric models, and composite prototypes to determine a best of class device. Development of the rotor was performed by aeronautical engineering and design firm, DARcorporation. From this investigation, an optimized design was determined and an 8-foot diameter, full-scale rotor was built and mounted using a Bergey LX-1 generator and furling system which were adapted to support the rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor was then tested side-by-side against the state-of-the-art Bergey XL-1 at the Alternative Energy Institute's Wind Test Center at West Texas State University for six weeks, and real time measurements of power generated were collected and compared. Early wind tunnel testing showed that the cut-in-speed of the Hi-Q rotor is much lower than a conventional tested HAWT enabling the Hi-Q Wind Turbine to begin collecting energy before a conventional HAWT has started spinning. Also, torque at low wind speeds for the Hi-Q Wind Turbine is higher than the tested conventional HAWT and enabled the wind turbine to generate power at lower wind speeds. Based on the data collected, the results of our first full-scale prototype wind turbine proved that higher energy can be captured at lower wind speeds with the new Hi-Q Rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor is almost 15% more productive than the Bergey from 6 m/s to 8 m/s, making it ideal in Class 3, 4, and 5 wind sites and has application in the critical and heretofore untapped areas that are closer to cities, 'load centers,' and may even be used directly in urban areas. The additional advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor's non-conventional blade tips, which eliminates most air turbulence, is noise reduction which makes it doubly ideal for populated urban areas. Hi-Q Products recommends one final stage of development to take the Hi-Q Rotor through Technology Readiness Levels 8-9. During this stage of development, the rotor will be redesigned to further increase efficiency, match the rotor to a more suitable generator, and lower the cost of manufacturing by redesigning the structure to allow for production in larger quantities at lower cost. Before taking the rotor to market and commercialization, it is necessary to further optimize the performance by finding a better generator and autofurling system, ones more suitable for lower wind speeds and rpms should be used in all future testing. The potential impact of this fully developed technology will be the expansion and proliferation of energy renewal into the heretofore untapped Class 2, 3, 4, and 5 Wind Sites, or the large underutilized sites where the wind speed is broken by physical features such as mountains, buildings, and trees. Market estimates by 2011, if low wind speed technology can be developed are well above: 13 million homes, 675,000 commercial buildings, 250,000 public facilities. Estimated commercial exploitation of the Hi-Q Rotor show potential increase in U.S. energy gained through the clean, renewable wind energy found in low and very low wind speed sites. This new energy source would greatly impact greenhouse emissions as well as the public sector's growing energy demands.

Todd E. Mills; Judy Tatum

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

9

The Physics of Tokamak Start-up  

SciTech Connect

Tokamak start-up on present-day devices usually relies on inductively induced voltage from a central solenoid. In some cases inductive startup is assisted with auxiliary power from electron cyclotron radio frequency heating. ITER, the National Spherical Torus eXperiment Upgrade and JT60, now under construction, will make use of the understanding gained from present-day devices to ensure successful start-up. Design of a spherical tokamak (ST) with DT capability for nuclear component testing would require an alternative to a central solenoid because the small central column in an ST has insufficient space to provide shielding for the insulators in the solenoid. Alternative start-up techniques such as induction using outer poloidal field coils, electron Bernstein wave start-up, coaxial helicity injection and point source helicity injection have been used with success, but require demonstration of scaling to higher plasma current.

D. Mueller

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

10

Assessment of research needs for wind turbine rotor materials technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind-driven power systems is a renewable energy technology that is still in the early stages of development. Wind power plants installed in early 1980s suffered structural failures chiefly because of incomplete understanding of wind forces (turbulent), in some cases because of poor product quality. Failures of rotor blades are now somewhat better understood. This committee has examined the experience base accumulated by wind turbines and the R and D programs sponsored by DOE. It is concluded that a wind energy system such as is described is within the capability of engineering practice; however because of certain gaps in knowledge, and the presence of only one major integrated manufacturer of wind power machines in the USA, a DOE R and D investment is still required.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Operating Modes of a Teeter-Rotor Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We examine the operating modes of a two-bladed teetered wind turbine. Because of the gyroscopic asymmetry of its rotor, this turbine's dynamics can be quite distinct from those of a turbine with three or more blades. This asymmetry leads to system equations with periodic coefficients that are solved using the Floquet approach to extract the correct modal parameters. The system equations are derived using a simple analytical model with four degrees of freedom: cacelle yaw, rotor teeter, and flapping associated with each blade. Results confirm that the turbine modes become more dominated by the centrifugal and gyroscopic effects as the rotor speed increases. They gyroscopic effect may also cause dynamic instability. Under certain design conditions, yaw and teeter modal frequencies may coalesce.

Bir, G. S. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Stol, K. (University of Colorado at Boulder)

1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

12

Segmented and self-adjusting wind turbine rotors. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An investigation was carried out to examine the use of blade aeroelastic properties for providing rotational speed control for a wind turbine generator (WTG). The study was specifically directed at obtaining a rotor configuration that has the capability for maintaining nearly constant torque at constant RPM in the presence of varying wind conditions and is aimed at eliminating the current requirement for mechanical pitch change devices. The approach considered is one in which rotor twist due to aerodynamic loading is used to adjust the blade's pitch as the wind speed changes. The preliminary design concept that has evolved is a flexible rotor blade formed from a series of individual, light, rigid segments that are arranged along the blade spar. Each segment can rotate around the spar but is restricted in pitch by a nonlinear mechanical spring. The results of performance calculations as well as vibration and flutter analyses are presented. Based on these results, the concept appears to provide an attractive solution to the problem of WTG operation in a varying wind field.

Jordan, P.F.; Goldman, R.L.

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Methods of making wind turbine rotor blades  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a root portion of a wind turbine blade includes, in an exemplary embodiment, providing an outer layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, providing an inner layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, and positioning at least two bands of reinforcing fibers between the inner and outer layers, with each band of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers. The method further includes positioning a mat of randomly arranged reinforcing fibers between each pair of adjacent bands of reinforcing fibers, introducing a polymeric resin into the root potion of the wind turbine blade, infusing the resin through the outer layer, the inner layer, each band of reinforcing fibers, and each mat of random reinforcing fibers, and curing the resin to form the root portion of the wind turbine blade.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Pensacola, FL); Burke, Arthur H. E. (Gulf Breeze, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Billen, Andrew (Daarlerveen, NL)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Kansas refinery starts up coke gasification unit  

SciTech Connect

Texaco Refining and Marketing Inc. has started up a gasification unit at its El Dorado, Kan., refinery. The unit gasifies delayed coke and other refinery waste products. This is the first refinery to install a coke-fueled gasification unit for power generation. Start-up of the $80-million gasification-based power plant was completed in mid-June. The gasifier produces syngas which, along with natural gas, fuels a combustion turbine. The turbine produces virtually 100% of the refinery`s electricity needs and enough heat to generate 40% of its steam requirements.

Rhodes, A.K.

1996-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

15

Preform spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade. The spar cap may include multiple preform components. The multiple preform components may be planar sheets having a swept shape with a first end and a second end. The multiple preform components may be joined by mating the first end of a first preform component to the second end of a next preform component, forming the spar cap.

Livingston, Jamie T. (Simpsonville, SC); Driver, Howard D. (Greer, SC); van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Jenkins, Thomas B. (Cantonment, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Billen, Andrew J. (Daarlerveen, NL); Riahi, Amir (Pensacola, FL)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

16

Aero-Structural Optimization of a 5 MW Wind Turbine Rotor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A 5 MW wind turbine rotor blade based on the NREL 5 MW Reference Turbine is optimized for maximum efficiency and minimum flapwise hub bending… (more)

Vesel, Richard W., Jr.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Using a collision model to design safer wind turbine rotors for birds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model for collisions between birds and propeller-type turbine rotors identifies the variables that can be manipulated to reduce the probability that birds will collide with the rotor. This study defines a safety index--the clearance power density--that allows rotors of different sizes and designs to be compared in terms of the amount of wind energy converted to electrical energy per bird collision. The collision model accounts for variations in wind speed during the year and shows that for model rotors with simple, one-dimensional blades, the safety index increases in proportion to rotor diameter, and variable speed rotors have higher safety indexes than constant speed rotors. The safety index can also be increased by enlarging the region near the center of the rotor hub where the blades move slowly enough for birds to avoid them. Painting the blades to make them more visible might have this effect. Model rotors with practical designs can have safety indexes an order of magnitude higher than those for model rotors typical of the constant speeds rotors in common use today. This finding suggests that redesigned rotors could have collision rates with birds perhaps an order of magnitude lower than today`s rotors, with no reduction in the production of wind power. The empirical data that exist for collisions between raptors, such as hawks and eagles, and rotors are consistent with the model: the numbers of raptor carcasses found beneath large variable speed rotors, relative to the numbers found under small constant speed rotors, are in the proportions predicted by the collision model rather than in proportion to the areas swept by the rotor blades. However, uncontrolled variables associated with these data prevent a stronger claim of support for the model.

Tucker, V.A. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Zoology

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the turbine rotor study completed by Global Energy Concepts (GEC) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's WindPACT (Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies) project. The purpose of the WindPACT project is to identify technology improvements that will enable the cost of energy from wind turbines to fall to a target of 3.0 cents/kilowatt-hour in low wind speed sites. The study focused on different rotor configurations and the effect of scale on those rotors.

Malcolm, D. J.; Hansen, A. C.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the turbine rotor study completed by Global Energy Concepts (GEC) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's WindPACT (Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies) project. The purpose of the WindPACT project is to identify technology improvements that will enable the cost of energy from wind turbines to fall to a target of 3.0 cents/kilowatt-hour in low wind speed sites. The study focused on different rotor configurations and the effect of scale on those rotors.

Malcolm, D. J.; Hansen, A. C.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Rotor power feedback control of wind turbine system doubly-fed induction generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper deals with a new system of wind turbine active power vector control. The already familiar cascade regulation with internal vector component feedback of rotor current and external active and reactive power feedbacks control of wind turbine has ... Keywords: DFIG rotor power regulator, doubly-fed induction generator, simulation, vector control

J. Smajo

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Kyrgyzstan starts up its first refinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan started up its first oil refinery in October 1996. The 10,000 b/d plant is designed to produce gasoline, diesel, and mazut (heavy fuel oil) from local Kyrgyz crude. Before construction of the Jalalabad refinery, all finished petroleum products were imported from neighboring countries. Kyrgyzstan`s demand for finished products is about 40,000 b/d. The new refinery was designed and constructed by Petrofac of Tyler, Texas, on behalf of Kyrgoil Corp., Calgary. Kyrgoil is a partner with the Kyrgyz state oil company, Kyrgyzsneft, in a venture called Kyrzgyz Petroleum Co. (KPC). KPC has undertaken restoration and continued development of the oil fields in Kyrgyzstan`s Fergana basin, in addition to the refinery project. The company also has marketing rights for finished products within Kyrgyzstan. The refinery comprises: a hydroskimming (atmospheric distillation) section, diesel steam stripping, gasoline blending, and utilities and off-sites, including steam generation, power generation, tank farm, truck and rail tank-car loading and unloading facilities, crude inlet pipeline, high-voltage power line, substation, air compression, laboratory, and maintenance facilities.

McLeod, G. [Petrofac LLC, Tyler, TX (United States)

1997-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

22

Stabilized space---time computation of wind-turbine rotor aerodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show how we use the Deforming-Spatial-Domain/Stabilized Space---Time (DSD/SST) formulation for accurate 3D computation of the aerodynamics of a wind-turbine rotor. As the test case, we use the NREL 5MW offshore baseline wind-turbine rotor. This class ... Keywords: DSD/SST formulation, Rotating turbulent flow, Space---time variational multiscale method, Torque values, Wind-turbine aerodynamics

Kenji Takizawa; Bradley Henicke; Tayfun E. Tezduyar; Ming-Chen Hsu; Yuri Bazilevs

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

CFD analysis of rotating two-bladed flatback wind turbine rotor.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effects of modifying the inboard portion of the NREL Phase VI rotor using a thickened, flatback version of the S809 design airfoil are studied using a three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes method. A motivation for using such a thicker airfoil design coupled with a blunt trailing edge is to alleviate structural constraints while reducing blade weight and maintaining the power performance of the rotor. The calculated results for the baseline Phase VI rotor are benchmarked against wind tunnel results obtained at 10, 7, and 5 meters per second. The calculated results for the modified rotor are compared against those of the baseline rotor. The results of this study demonstrate that a thick, flatback blade profile is viable as a bridge to connect structural requirements with aerodynamic performance in designing future wind turbine rotors.

van Dam, C.P. (University of California, David, CA); Chao, David D.; Berg, Dale E. (University of California, David, CA)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Neuro-fuzzy modeling tools for estimation of torque in Savonius rotor wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper, the ability and accuracy of an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) has been investigated for dynamic modeling of wind turbine Savonius rotor. The main objective of this research is to predict torque performance as a function ... Keywords: ANFIS, ANN, BP, FIS, LSE, MSE, Max, Min, Modeling, Prob, Prod, RBF, RMSE, SD, Savonius rotor, Torque

J. Sargolzaei; A. Kianifar

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Wind Profiler Observations of Mountain Waves and Rotors during T-REX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A network of three boundary layer radar wind profilers is used to study characteristics of mountain waves and rotors and to explore the utility of such a network. The data employed were collected as part of the Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-...

Stephen A. Cohn; Vanda Grubiši?; William O. J. Brown

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Wind energy conversion. Volume X. Aeroelastic stability of wind turbine rotor blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nonlinear equations of motion of a general wind turbine rotor blade are derived from first principles. The twisted, tapered blade may be preconed out of the plane of rotation, and its root may be offset from the axis of rotation by a small amount. The aerodynamic center, center of mass, shear center, and area centroid are distinct in this derivation. The equations are applicable to studies of forced response or of aeroelastic flutter, however, neither gravity forcing, nor wind shear and gust forcing are included. The equations derived are applied to study the aeroelastic stability of the NASA-ERDA 100 kW wind turbine, and solved using the Galerkin method. The numerical results are used in conjunction with a mathematical comparison to prove the validity of an equivalent hinge model developed by the Wind Energy Conversion Project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Wendell, J.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

MPC for Wind Power Gradients --Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MPC for Wind Power Gradients -- Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage iterations. We demonstrate our method in simulations with various wind scenarios and prices for energy. INTRODUCTION Today, wind power is the most important renewable energy source. For the years to come, many

28

Diurnal Variation of Downslope Winds in Owens Valley during the Sierra Rotor Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of diurnal forcing on a downslope wind event that occurred in Owens Valley in California during the Sierra Rotors Project (SRP) in the spring of 2004 has been examined based on observational analysis and diagnosis of numerical ...

Qingfang Jiang; James D. Doyle

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Berkeley Lab Technology Spawns Successful Start-up Companies | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Berkeley Lab Technology Spawns Successful Start-up Companies Berkeley Lab Technology Spawns Successful Start-up Companies Berkeley Lab Technology Spawns Successful Start-up Companies October 25, 2010 - 10:58am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Three start-up companies using Berkeley-developed technology have either had highly successful launches or closed major deals in the last several months. Ed. Note cross posted from Berkeley Lab News Center, written by Julie Chao. What do a smart window company, a microbial analysis start-up and waste-heat recovery start-up have in common? They're all located in the San Francisco Bay Area and they're all based on technology developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. What's more, these three start-up companies have either had highly

30

Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflux condensing start-up system comprises a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflux condensing start-up system includes a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Designing an H-rotor type Wind Turbine for Operation on Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis focuses on designing the turbine, tower structure and generator for an H-rotor type wind turbine. The produced power will be used for… (more)

Wahl, Mats

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Wind Energy Meteorology: Insight into Wind Properties in the Turbine-Rotor Layer of the Atmosphere from High-Resolution Doppler Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Addressing the need for high-quality wind information aloft in the layer occupied by turbine rotors (~30–150 m above ground level) is one of many significant challenges facing the wind energy industry. Without wind measurements at heights within the rotor ...

Robert M. Banta; Yelena L. Pichugina; Neil D. Kelley; R. Michael Hardesty; W. Alan Brewer

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WindPACT Turbine Rotor WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study June 2000 - June 2002 D.J. Malcolm Global Energy Concepts, LLC Kirkland, Washington A.C. Hansen Windward Engineering Salt Lake City, Utah Subcontract Report NREL/SR-500-32495 Revised April 2006 WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study June 2000 - June 2002 D.J. Malcolm Global Energy Concepts, LLC Kirkland, Washington A.C. Hansen Windward Engineering Salt Lake City, Utah NREL Technical Monitor: A. Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAT-0-30213-01 Subcontract Report NREL/SR-500-32495 Revised April 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

35

Characteristics of wind power on Savonius rotor using a guide-box tunnel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates to improve and adjust the output power of Savonius rotor under various wind power and suggests the method of prevention the rotor from strong wind disaster. In this study, as the appropriate device to achieve the purpose of it, a guide-box tunnel is employed. The guide-box tunnel is like a rectangular box as wind passage in which a test rotor is included. The area ratio between the inlet and exit of it is variable to adjust the inlet mass flow rate or input power. At first, the experiment was conducted to find the adequate configuration which would provide the best relative performance. The present experiment, however, does not include the test to retain the guide-box tunnel from the strong wind. The experiments include the static torque test of the fixed rotor at any phase angle and the dynamic torque test at rotation of them. Consequently, it was found that the maximum rotor rotational speed was achieved in the range of the guide-box area ratio between 0.3 and 0.7 and the value of the output power coefficient of the rotor with guide-box tunnel of the area ratio 0.43 increases about 1.5 times with three blades and 1.23 times with two blades greater than that without guide-box tunnel, respectively. It seemed that the performance of Savonius rotor within the guide-box tunnel is comparable enough with other methods for augmentation and control of the output. (author)

Irabu, Kunio; Roy, Jitendro Nath [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru-1, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Characterizing Inflow Conditions Across the Rotor Disk of a Utility-Scale Wind Turbine (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Multi-megawatt utility-scale wind turbines operate in a turbulent, thermally-driven atmosphere where wind speed and air temperature vary with height. Turbines convert the wind's momentum into electrical power, and so changes in the atmosphere across the rotor disk influence the power produced by the turbine. To characterize the inflow into utility scale turbines at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Boulder, Colorado, NREL recently built two 135-meter inflow monitoring towers. This poster introduces the towers and the measurements that are made, showing some of the data obtained in the first few months of operation in 2011.

Clifton, A.; Lundquist, J. K.; Kelley, N.; Scott, G.; Jager, D.; Schreck, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Measurement in a wind tunnel of the modification of mean wind and turbulence characteristics due to induction effects near wind turbine rotors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is the purpose of this report to provide experimental data on the wind field surrounding a single model wind turbine rotor disk. These data should provide an improved physical insight into the induction effects of the air flow as it approaches the wind turbine. This insight should in turn improve an analytical model's predictive capabilities. A scaled model of a horizontal-axis wind turbine (a two-bladed rotor of diameter 53 cm) was placed into the Meteorological Wind Tunnel (MWT) facility at Colorado State University (cross-section width of 183 cm). Four different approach flow conditions were studied: low and moderate turbulence levels (0.1% and 1.5% intensity) at both 6 and 7.6 m/s freestream air velocities. For each of these flow conditions the rotor power coefficient versus tip speed ratio was obtained, and the 3-dimensional velocity field from 3 rotor diameters upwind to 0.5 diameter downwind was tabulated. The power output of the rotor was obtained via a simple prony brake friction device that imparts a torque (measured by the deflection of a spring) to the spinning shaft of the wind turbine. The rotor speed, measured by a strobe light, was observed to vary with load from 900 rpm up to 2100 rpm for the flow conditions described above. The 3-dimensional velocity field was measured via a three-hot-film probe. Details of the measurement techniques are provided. The test program and data results are also given. A short discussion of the implications of this data set is included. 12 refs., 19 figs., 11 tabs.

Neff, D.E.; Meroney, R.N.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Numerical simulation of tower rotor interaction for downwind wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Downwind wind turbines have lower upwind rotormisalignment, and thus lower turning moment and self-steered advantage over the upwind configuration. In this paper, numerical simulation to the downwind turbine is conducted to investigate the interaction ...

Isam Janajreh; Ilham Talab; Jill Macpherson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Segmented Ultralight Pre-Aligned Rotor for Extreme-Scale Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

To alleviate the mass-scaling issues associated with conventional upwind rotors of extreme-scale turbines, a downwind rotor concept is proposed which employs fixed blade curvature based on force alignment at rated conditions. For a given peak stress constraint, the reduction in downwind cantilever loads allows reduced shell and spar thickness, and thus a reduced blade mass as compared with a conventional upwind rotor, especially as rotor sizes approach extreme-scales. To quantify this mass reduction, a Finite Element Analysis was conducted for a 10 MW rated rotor based on the NREL offshore 5 MW baseline wind turbine. The results show that this 'pre-alignment' yields a net downstream deflection of 32 deg, a downward hub-pitch angle of 6 deg, a 20% increase in blade length (to maintain the same radius as the conventional blade), and a net mass savings of about 50% through decreased shell and spar thicknesses. The pre-alignment may also allow a more straightforward and efficient segmentation of the blade since shear stresses near joints are substantially reduced. Segmenting, in turn, can dramatically reduce costs associated with fabrication, transport and assembly for extreme-scale off-shore systems. The pre-aligned geometric curvature can also help alleviate tower wake effects on the blades since blade tips (where shadow effects can be most problematic) are shifted downstream where the tower wake is weaker. In addition, the portion of the tower that is upstream of the blade tips can be faired with an externally-rotating aerodynamic shroud. Furthermore, the downwind rotor can allow a floating off-shore tri-pod platform to reduce tower weight and yaw-control requirements. A simple economic analysis of the segmented ultralight pre-aligned rotor (SUPAR) concept suggests that the overall system cost savings can be as much as 25%, indicating that more detailed (numerical and experimental) investigations are warranted.

Loth, E.; Steele, A.; Ichter, B.; Selig, M.; Moriarty, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

CHRISTOPHNIEMANN A new wave of start-ups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHRISTOPHNIEMANN 20 INNOVATION A new wave of start-ups wants to install rooftop solar panels. Installing a rooftop ar- ray of solar panels large enough to produce all of the energy required by a building a pool of cash to pay for the solar panels. Directly or indirectly, homeowners buy the electricity

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Automated start-up of EBR-II: A preview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) are undertaking a joint project to develop control philosophies, strategies, and algorithms for computer control of the start-up mode of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II). The major objective of this project is to show that advanced liquid-metal reactor (LMR) plants can be operated from low power to full power using computer control. Development of an automated control system with this objective in view will help resolve specific issues and provide proof through demonstration that automatic control for plant start-up is feasible. This paper describes the approach that will be used to develop such a system and some of the features it is expected to have. Structured, rule-based methods, which will provide start-up capability from a variety of initial plant conditions and degrees of equipment operability, will be used for accomplishing mode changes during plant start-up. Several innovative features will be incorporated such as signal, command, and strategy validation to maximize reliability, flexibility to accommodate a wide range of plant conditions, and overall utility. Continuous control design will utilize figures of merit to evaluate how well the controller meets the mission requirements. The operator interface will have unique ''look ahead'' features to let the operator see what will happen next. 15 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Kisner, R.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Horizontal-axis wind-system rotor performance model comparison: a compendium  

SciTech Connect

This compendium consists of four reports, the purpose of which is to evaluate performance prediction methods for horizontal-axis wind turbines. The reports were prepared by four separate contractors. Oregon State University, AeroVironment, Inc., Aerospace Systems, Inc., and United Technologies Research Center (UTRC). Three of the four contractors used a blade-element/momentum analysis, while the fourth (UTRC) utilized a lifting line/prescribed wake analysis. These contractors were to apply their prediction methods to two rotors, that of the Enertech 1500 and that of the 1/3-scale UTRC 8 kW turbines. Results from the four prediction methods are compared with actual test data gathered via Controlled Velocity Testing (CVT), carried out by the Rocky Flats Wind Energy Research Center, operated by Rockwell International for the US Department of Energy. The conclusions of the four reports are reviewed in an introduction prepared by Rockwell International. For the Enertech 1500, rotor performance predictions closely agreed with CVT data. Yet, because of the lack of high tip speed ratio data, verification of the Glauert momentum theory was not possible. Predictions regarding the UTRC 1/3 scale 8 kW rotor did not agree well with test results. The reasons cited for the discrepancies center on inadequate airfoil section data and the varying blade pitch angles of the unique UTRC flexbeam rotor.

Not Available

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Full-scale wind turbine rotor aerodynamics research  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are conducting research to improve wind turbine technology at the NREL National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). One program, the Combined Experiment, has focused on making measurements needed to understand aerodynamic and structural responses of horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT). A new phase of this program, the Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment, will focus on quantifying unsteady aerodynamic phenomena prevalent in stall-controlled HAWTs. Optimally twisted blades and innovative instrumentation and data acquisition systems will be used in these tests. Data can now be acquired and viewed interactively during turbine operations. This paper describes the NREL Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment and highlights planned future research activities.

Simms, D A; Butterfield, C P

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Rotationally sampled wind characteristics for several rotor sizes using laser anemometer measurements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The concept of measuring the wind velocity rotationally around crosswind circles using a circle-scanning Doppler laser anemometer is investigated to determine the technique's suitability as an effective, simple, economical, and nonintrusive method for estimation turbulence at a wind turbine rotor. Estimates of wind features obtained using the lidar technique are compared to actual wind measurements obtained using a vertical plane array of anemometers, and to other estimates generated using a single-tower technique. Although the lack of a common data set precludes a firm conclusion regarding the lidar method's accuracy, it appears that the rotationally scanning lidar has the potential of becoming an excellent tool for measuring turbulent wind around the disk of rotation of a turbine blade. 11 refs., 21 figs., 2 tabs.

Connell, J.R.; Morris, V.R.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades were compared to assess the accuracy of predictions and to identify the sources of error affecting both predictions and measurements. An awareness of these sources of error contributes to improved prediction and measurement methods that will ultimately benefit future rotor design efforts. Propeller/vane anemometers were found to underestimate the wind speed in turbulent environments such as the San Gorgonio Pass wind farm area. Using sonic or cup anemometers, good agreement was achieved between predicted and measured power output for wind speeds up to 8 m/sec. At higher wind speeds an optimistic predicted power output and the occurrence of peak power at wind speeds lower than measurements resulted from the omission of turbulence and yaw error. In addition, accurate two-dimensional (2-D) airfoil data prior to stall and a post stall airfoil data synthesization method that reflects three-dimensional (3-D) effects were found to be essential for accurate performance prediction. 11 refs.

Tangler, J.; Smith, B.; Kelley, N.; Jager, D.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Green Start-Ups: Opportunities, Technology, and Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Start-Ups: Opportunities, Technology, and Financing Green Start-Ups: Opportunities, Technology, and Financing Speaker(s): Stephen Lin Date: December 19, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Dale Sartor Please join us for a brown bag lunch to hear about a new green technology and new ways of doing business in Asia, the US and in between. A foreign-invented power efficiency technology will be described and demonstrated. Entrepreneurial plans for its deployment in the US will be described including a pilot with the San Francisco Giants. Besides giving the Giants 5% savings with no upfront cost, the entrepreneurial team hopes to develop a proof-of-concept test case where Securitized Energy Savings (SESs) are created for green and social investors. A brief introduction on carbon credits and Voluntary Emission Reduction credits (VERs) will be

47

Rotor Speed Dependent Yaw Control of Wind Turbines Based on Empirical Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When extracting energy from the wind using horizontal-axis upwind wind turbines, a primary condition for maximum power yield is the ability to align the rotor axis with the dominating wind direction. Attempts have been made to improve yaw alignment by applying advanced measurement techniques such as LIDARs. This study is focused at assessing the current performance of an operating turbine and exploring how the yaw alignment can be improved using existing measurements. By analyzing available turbine and met mast data a correction scheme for the original yaw alignment system is synthesized. The correction scheme is applied and it is seen that with the correction scheme in place, the power yield below rated is raised 1-5 percent. Furthermore, results indicate that blade load variations are decreased when the correction scheme is applied. The results are associated with uncertainties due to the amount of available data and the wind site climate. Further work should be focused at gathering more experimental data.

Kragh, K. A.; Fleming, P. A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Performance of a Wind-Profiling Lidar in the Region of Wind Turbine Rotor Disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the wind energy sector continues to grow, so does the need for reliable vertical wind profiles in the assessment of wind resources and turbine performance. In situ instrumentation mounted on meteorological towers can rarely probe the atmosphere ...

Matthew L. Aitken; Michael E. Rhodes; Julie K. Lundquist

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Environmentally advanced refinery nears start-up in Germany  

SciTech Connect

Mitteldeutsche Erdoel-Raffinerie GmbH (Mider), is building a 170,000 b/d, grassroots refinery in Leuna, Germany. The refinery is scheduled to start up in third quarter of this year. At the heart of the new refinery is a new technology called progressive distillation. Other major units include: vacuum distillation, catalytic reforming, alkylation, visbreaking, fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), and hydrodesulfurization (HDS). In addition, an existing partial oxidation (POX)/methanol production unit will be integrated with the new refinery. The paper describes the plant and its major processes.

Rhodes, A.K.

1997-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

50

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor and Blade Logistics  

SciTech Connect

Through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the United States Department of Energy (DOE) implemented the Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies (WindPACT) program. This program will explore advanced technologies that may reduce the cost of energy (COE) from wind turbines. The initial step in the WindPACT program is a series of preliminary scaling studies intended to determine the optimum sizes for future turbines, help define sizing limits for certain critical technologies, and explore the potential for advanced technologies to contribute to reduced COE as turbine scales increase. This report documents the results of Technical Area 2-Turbine Rotor and Blade Logistics. For this report, we investigated the transportation, assembly, and crane logistics and costs associated with installation of a range of multi-megawatt-scale wind turbines. We focused on using currently available equipment, assembly techniques, and transportation system capabilities and limitations to hypothetically transport and install 50 wind turbines at a facility in south-central South Dakota.

Smith, K.

2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

NREL: News - Helping Cleantech Start-ups Understand Social Media  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

713 713 Helping Cleantech Start-ups Understand Social Media May 13, 2013 The Colorado Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development (CREED) at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in collaboration with the Colorado Cleantech Industry Association (CCIA) invites cleantech entrepreneurs to attend the next event in its Entrepreneur Series. The May 15 class, "Social Media and Strategic Messaging," will help cleantech entrepreneurs learn how to craft language about their companies that can be used in pitches and news releases, and on websites. CREED's Entrepreneur Series provides support for companies trying to get off the ground. The Entrepreneur Series builds a community among cleantech participants so they can draw on one another for expertise, support and

52

Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

NREL

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

53

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design, Specific Rating Study; Period of Performance: June 29, 2000--March 1, 2003  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2000, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) launched the Wind Partnerships for Advanced Component Technologies (WindPACT) program to examine ways in which the cost of wind energy could be reduced a further 30%. One element of the WindPACT program has been a series of design studies aimed at each of the major subsystems of the wind turbine to study the effect of scale and of alternative design approaches. The WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study was carried out by Global Energy Concepts, LLC, (GEC) on behalf of NREL, and the final report was delivered in June 2002. The study examined what configuration and design changes in the rotor would reduce the overall cost of energy. The objectives of this report are to use the 1.5-MW baseline configuration from the earlier WindPACT Rotor Design Study to examine the effect of different power ratings and to identify an optimum specific rating; to examine the effect of different maximum tip speeds on overall cost of energy (COE); to examine the role of different wind regimes on the optimum specific rating; and to examine how the optimum specific rating may be affected by introducing more advanced blade designs.

Malcolm, D. J.; Hansen, A. C.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

WindPACT Rotor Design Study: Hybrid Tower Design; Period of Performance: 29 June 2000 -- 28 February 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cost of a wind turbine tower can represent as much as 20% of the cost of an entire megawatt-scale horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) and as much as 10% of the total cost of energy. The tower is a major cost component, and its design is important: Its structural properties are key to the response of the rotor; its height determines the wind regime that the rotor experiences; it allows access to the turbine nacelle and rotor; and it houses components of the electrical connection and the control and protection systems. Most large wind turbines installed in the United States use self-supporting steel tubular towers. The diameter of these tubes is limited by the size that can be transported by road (approximately 4.3 m). The base dimensions of a truss tower are not restrained by this limit, but trusses may require more maintenance. Guyed tube towers have been used, but they represent additional foundation costs and inconvenience. Addressing these limitations may lead to an alternative that avoids the problems. For this reason, the WindPACT Rotor Design Study was modified to include a study of a hybrid tower to determine the technical and economic feasibility of such a design.

Malcolm, D. J.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Low-level liquid waste treatment system start-up  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following removal of Cs-137 by ion exchange in the Supernatant Treatment System immediately upstream, the radioactive liquid waste is volume-reduced by evaporation. Trace amounts of Cs-137 in the resulting distillate are removed by ion exchange, then the distillate is discharged to the existing plant water treatment system. The concentrated product, 37 to 41 percent solids (by weight), is encapsulated in cement, producing a stable low-level waste form. This report provides a summary of work performed to test the Liquid Waste Treatment System following construction turnover and prior to radioactive operation. All mechanical and electrical components, piping, valves, pumps, tanks, controls, and instrumentation required to operate the system were tested; first with water, then with simulated waste. Subsystems (individual tanks, pumps, and control loops) were tested individually, then as a complete system. Finally, the system began a controlled start-up phase, which included the first four months of radioactive operation. Components were tested for operability then for performance data to verify the system`s ability to produce an acceptable waste form at design feed rates.

Baker, M.N.; Gessner, R.F.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain - Energy Innovation ...  

A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor ...

57

Enertech 2-kW high-reliability wind system. Phase II. Fabrication and testing  

SciTech Connect

A high-reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW in a 9 m/s wind has been developed. Activities are summarized that are centered on the fabrication and testing of prototypes of the wind machine. The test results verified that the wind machine met the power output specification and that the variable-pitch rotor effectively controlled the rotor speed for wind speeds up to 50 mph. Three prototypes of the wind machine were shipped to the Rocky Flats test center in September through November of 1979. Work was also performed to reduce the start-up wind speed. The start-up wind speed to the Enertech facility has been reduced to 4.5 m/s.

Cordes, J.A.; Johnson, B.A.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using same, and methods for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher (Lawrence, KS)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

59

Development of a light-weight, wind-turbine-rotor-based data acquisition system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind-energy researchers at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are developing a new, light-weight, modular system capable of acquiring long-term, continuous time-series data from current-generation small or large, dynamic wind-turbine rotors. Meetings with wind-turbine research personnel at NREL and SNL resulted in a list of the major requirements that the system must meet. Initial attempts to locate a commercial system that could meet all of these requirements were not successful, but some commercially available data acquisition and radio/modem subsystems that met many of the requirements were identified. A time synchronization subsystem and a programmable logic device subsystem to integrate the functions of the data acquisition, the radio/modem, and the time synchronization subsystems and to communicate with the user have been developed at SNL. This paper presents the data system requirements, describes the four major subsystems comprising the system, summarizes the current status of the system, and presents the current plans for near-term development of hardware and software.

Berg, D.E.; Rumsey, M.; Robertson, P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kelley, N.; McKenna, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Gass, K. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1-Composite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) implemented the Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies (WindPACT) program. As part of the WindPACT program, Global Energy Concepts, LLC (GEC), was awarded contract number YAM-0-30203-01 to examine Technical Area 1-Blade Scaling, Technical Area 2-Turbine Rotor and Blade Logistics, and Technical Area 3-Self-Erecting Towers. This report documents the results of GEC's Technical Area 1-Blade Scaling. The primary objectives of the Blade-Scaling Study are to assess the scaling of current materials and manufacturing technologies for blades of 40 to 60 meters in length, and to develop scaling curves of estimated cost and mass for rotor blades in that size range.

Griffin, D.A.

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Multi-piece wind turbine rotor blades and wind turbines incorporating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multisection blade for a wind turbine includes a hub extender having a pitch bearing at one end, a skirt or fairing having a hole therethrough and configured to mount over the hub extender, and an outboard section configured to couple to the pitch bearing.

Moroz; Emilian Mieczyslaw (San Diego, CA)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

62

Colorado Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Agreement Colorado Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Agreement May 20, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis...

63

Wind Turbine/Generator Set and Method of Making Same - Energy ...  

A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor ...

64

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1ŒComposite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 * NREL/SR-500-29492 1 * NREL/SR-500-29492 Dayton A. Griffin Global Energy Concepts Kirkland, Washington WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1-Composite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor March 21, 2000 - March 15, 2001 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 April 2001 * NREL/SR-500-29492 WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1-Composite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor March 21, 2000 - March 15, 2001 Dayton A. Griffin Global Energy Concepts Kirkland, Washington NREL Technical Monitor: Alan Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAM-0-30203-01 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

65

A start-up scheme for Tory II-C during simplified boost trajectories  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum discusses TORY II-C reactor control and reactor kinetics during simplified boost trajectories. Reactor start-up, power excursions, and automated control systems are investigated.

Stubbs, T.

1963-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Wake of the MOD-0A1 wind turbine at two rotor diameters downwind on December 3, 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wake of the MOD-0A1 wind turbine at Clayton, New Mexico has been measured using a vertical plane array of anemometers in a crosswind plane at a distance of two rotor diameters directly downwind of the turbine. Rotor blade vortices were well mixed into the wake turbulence and were not separately detectable. Wake swirl about the along-wind axis had a value not greater than 0.025 rad/s. Extra turbulence energy existed in the edge of the wake at a frequency of about n=0.025 Hz. The cross-wake plane analyses of wind speeds revealed a nearly circular inner portion and a strongly elliptical portion. The elliptical portion major axis was horizontal. An estimate of the average rate of reenergizing of the wake, using measurements of mean wind energy flow and turbine power, suggests that entrainment with ambient air may have been rapid. Some wake characteristics were compared with the corresponding ones for several simple wake models based upon concepts of mixing of ambient air into a wake or an equivalent coaxial jet. (LEW)

Connell, J.R.; George, R.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Constructing a market domain model for start-up software technology companies: A case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The market for a complex technology product is sometimes called reference business because references are emphasized by corporate customers. A first customer reference is especially important for a start-up technology company attempting to enter the ... Keywords: First reference customer, High technology markets, M13 - New Firms, M31 - Marketing, Start-up software company, Startups

Jari Ruokolainen; Markus M. Mäkelä

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Development and application of a light-weight, wind-turbine rotor-based data acquisition system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind-energy researchers at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), representing Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), are developing a new, light-weight, modular data acquisition unit capable of acquiring long-term, continuous time-series data from small and/or dynamic wind-turbine rotors. The unit utilizes commercial data acquisition hardware, spread-spectrum radio modems, and Global Positioning System receivers, and a custom-built programmable logic device. A prototype of the system is now operational, and initial field deployment is expected this summer. This paper describes the major subsystems comprising the unit, summarizes the current status of the system, and presents the current plans for near-term development of hardware and software.

Berg, D.E.; Robertson, P.J.; Ortiz, M.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Colorado Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator'  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Agreement Colorado Start-Up Awarded First 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Agreement May 20, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs While visiting the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, today, Vice President Biden announced that the Colorado-based start-up company U.S. e-Chromic LLC has signed the first agreement in the "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" challenge. The challenge, which started on May 2, allows start-up companies to apply for the Department of Energy's many thousand unlicensed patents for reduced cost and paperwork. Part of the Obama Administration's Startup America

70

Cool-down and frozen start-up behavior of a grooved water heat pipe  

SciTech Connect

A grooved water heat pipe was tested to study its characteristics during the cool-down and start-up periods. The water heat pipe was cooled down from the ambient temperature to below the freezing temperature of water. During the cool-down, isothermal conditions were maintained at the evaporator and adiabatic sections until the working fluid was frozen. When water was frozen along the entire heat pipe, the heat pipe was rendered inactive. The start-up of the heat pipe from this state was investigated under several different operating conditions. The results show the existence of large temperature gradients between the evaporator and the condenser, and the moving of the melting front of the working fluid along the heat pipe. Successful start-up was achieved for some test cases using partial gravity assist. The start-up behavior depended largely on the operating conditions.

Jang, J.H.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Mathematical modeling and analysis of heat pipe start-up from the frozen state  

SciTech Connect

The start-up process of a frozen heat pipe is described and a complete mathematical model for the start-up of the frozen heat pipe is developed based on the existing experimental data, which is simplified and solved numerically. The two-dimensional transient model for the wall and wick is coupled with the one-dimensional transient model for the vapor flow when vaporization and condensation occur at the interface. A parametric study is performed to examine the effect of the boundary specification at the surface of the outer wall on the successful start-up from the frozen state. For successful start-up, the boundary specification at the outer wall surface must melt the working substance in the condenser before dry-out takes place in the evaporator.

Jang, J.H.; Faghri, A. [Wright State Univ., Dayton, OH (United States); Chang, W.S.; Mahefkey, E.T. [Wright Research and Development Center, Wright-Patterson, OH (United States)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Nebulous Art of Using Wind-Tunnel Airfoil Data for Predicting Rotor Performance: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was threefold: to evaluate different two-dimensional S809 airfoil data sets in the prediction of rotor performance; to compare blade-element momentum rotor predicted results to lifting-surface, prescribed-wake results; and to compare the NASA Ames combined experiment rotor measured data with the two different performance prediction methods. The S809 airfoil data sets evaluated included those from Delft University of Technology, Ohio State University, and Colorado State University. The performance prediction comparison with NASA Ames data documents shortcomings of these performance prediction methods and recommends the use of the lifting-surface, prescribed-wake method over blade-element momentum theory for future analytical improvements.

Tangler, J. L.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Analysis of the Madaras Rotor Power Plant: an alternate method for extracting large amounts of power from the wind. Volume 2. Technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the program was to analyze and up-date the design of the Madaras Rotor Power Plant concept that had been developed in the 1930's to determine the technical and economic feasibility of this system to be competitive with conventional horizontal axis wind turbines. A four-task program consisting of a series of wind tunnel tests, an electro-mechanical analysis, a performance analysis, and a cost analysis was conducted.

Whitford, D.H.; Minardi, J.E.; West, B.S.; Dominic, R.J.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Contact and Stress Anisotropies in Start-Up Flow of Colloidal Suspensions |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact and Stress Anisotropies in Start-Up Flow of Colloidal Suspensions Contact and Stress Anisotropies in Start-Up Flow of Colloidal Suspensions Submitted by Anonymous on November 3, 2011 - 12:52 Authors: Martys, N.S., Lootens, D., George, W., and H Spatiotemporal correlations in start-up flows of attractive colloids are explored by numerical simulations as a function of their volume fraction and shear rate. The suspension is first allowed to flocculate during a time tw, then the stress necessary to induce its flow is computed. We find that, at low volume fractions, the stress is a universal function of the strain. On the contrary, at high volume fractions, this scaling behavior is no longer observed and a supplementary stress becomes necessary to induce flow. To better understand the physical origin of the supplementary stress,

75

America's Best Student Start-Up Companies Pitch for Your Vote | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Student Start-Up Companies Pitch for Your Vote Best Student Start-Up Companies Pitch for Your Vote America's Best Student Start-Up Companies Pitch for Your Vote May 24, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis After pitching their business plan to panels of judges at the regional semifinal and final, six teams advanced to the national competition for a chance at the cash grand prize. | Energy Department file graphic. After pitching their business plan to panels of judges at the regional semifinal and final, six teams advanced to the national competition for a chance at the cash grand prize. | Energy Department file graphic. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? You can select your favorite. UPDATE: Voting closed June 12 at 2 p.m. EDT. NuMat Technologies from

76

Order Module--DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES Order Module--DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES "The familiar level of this module is divided into three sections. In the first section we will discuss the purpose of DOE O 425.1D and the requirements for 1) determining the level of readiness review (RR), 2) determining the startup authorization authority (SAA), and 3) the startup notification report. In the second section we will discuss 1) the requirements applicable to DOE ORRs and DOE RAs, and 2) the core requirements. In the third section we will discuss the 1) requirements for DOE field element and headquarters line management oversight of the startup or restart process, 2) requirements for the records management program, and

77

Top Student Team Wins $180,000 Toward Clean Energy Start Up | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Student Team Wins $180,000 Toward Clean Energy Start Up Student Team Wins $180,000 Toward Clean Energy Start Up Top Student Team Wins $180,000 Toward Clean Energy Start Up June 15, 2012 - 2:57pm Addthis Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The winners were: Grand prize: NuMat Technologies from Northwestern University Second place: SolidEnergy Systems from Massachusetts Institute of Technology People's Choice: Navillum Nanotechnologies from University of Utah NuMat Technologies beat out five other finalists Wednesday to become the grand prize winner of the National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition, taking home $180,000 in prizes, which includes seed money for their company and additional prizes from sponsors including technical, design and legal assistance. SolidEnergy Systems came in second place, and Navillum

78

A study of start-up characteristics of a potassium heat pipe from the frozen state  

SciTech Connect

The start-up characteristics of a potassium heat pipe were studied both analytically and experimentally. Using the radiation heat transfer mode the heat pipe was tested in a vacuum chamber. The transition temperature calculated for potassium was then compared with the experimental results of the heat pipe with various heat inputs. These results show that the heat pipe was inactive until it reached the transition temperature. In addition, during the start-up period, the evaporator experienced dry-out with a heat input smaller than the capillary limit calculated at the steady state. However, when the working fluid at the condenser was completely melted, the evaporator was rewetted without external aid. The start-up period was significantly reduced with a large heat input.

Jang, J.H.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

User's guide for a personal computer model of turbulence at a wind turbine rotor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is primarily (1) a user's guide for the personal computer (PC) version of the code for the PNL computational model of the rotationally sampled wind speed (RODASIM11) and (2) a brief guide to the growing literature on the subject of rotationally sampled turbulence, from which the model is derived. The model generates values of turbulence experienced by single points fixed in the rotating frame of reference of an arbitrary wind turbine blade. The character of the turbulence depends on the specification of mean wind speed, the variance of turbulence, the crosswind and along-wind integral scales of turbulence, mean wind shear, and the hub height, radius, and angular speed of rotation of any point at which wind fluctuation is to be calculated. 13 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Connell, J.R.; Powell, D.C.; Gower, G.L.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Reassessing Wind Potential Estimates for India: Economic and Policy Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis. Further, turbines with higher rotor diameter havethe wind turbine, the average hub-height and rotor diameterand larger rotor diameters allows wind turbines to sweep

Phadke, Amol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Rapid start-up / restart avionics provide robust fault tolerance with reduced Size, Weight And Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach that uses rapid start-up computers to provide fault-tolerance and transient upset recovery while minimizing Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) is described. 1 2 This paper provides a status report on a research project conducted by Draper Laboratory ...

Robert Hammett

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

PEER-REVIEW Start-up Experience at the Robbins Resource Recovery Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to assure that an oranized maintenance program exists, a computerized maintenance management system · Appendix - Initial Valve and Switch Alignment The system operating, maintenance and start-up procedures Plan Plant Compressed Air System Waste Management Plan Demineralized Water System Record Keeping

Columbia University

83

Start-up Optimization of a Combined Cycle Power Plant A. Linda, E. Sllberga,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bModelon AB, Lund, Sweden cSiemens AG, Energy Sector, Erlangen, Germany Abstract In the electricity market of today, with increasing de- mand for electricity production on short notice, the combined cycle to opti- mize are explored. Results are encouraging and show that energy production during start-up can

84

Simulation and Validation of Vapor Compression System Faults and Start-up/Shut-down Transients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The statistics from the US Department of Energy show that about one-third of the total consumption of electricity in the households and industries is due to the Air Conditioning and Refrigeration (AC & R) systems. This wide usage has prompted many researchers to develop models for each of the components of the vapor compression systems. However, there has been very little information on developing simulation models that have been validated for the conditions of start-up/shutdown operations as well as vapor compression system faults. This thesis addresses these concerns and enhances the existing modeling library to capture the transients related to the above mentioned conditions. In this thesis, the various faults occurring in a vapor compressor cycle (VCC) have been identified along with the parameters affecting them. The transients of the refrigerant have also been studied with respect to the start-up/shutdown of a vapor compression system. All the simulations related to the faults and start-up/shutdown have been performed using the vapor compression system models developed in MATLAB/Simulink environment and validated against the 3-ton air conditioning unit present in the Thermo-Fluids Control Laboratory at Texas A & M University. The simulation and validation results presented in this thesis can be used to lay out certain rules of thumb to identify a particular fault depending on the unusual behavior of the system thus helping in creating certain fault diagnostic algorithms and emphasize the importance of the study of start-up/shutdown transient characteristics from the point of actual energy efficiency of the systems. Also, these results prove the capability and validity of the finite control volume models to describe VCC system faults and start-up/shutdown transients.

Ayyagari, Balakrishna

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Iowa Start-up May Be "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May Be "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" May Be "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" Iowa Start-up May Be "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" August 4, 2011 - 1:09pm Addthis Company Licenses Technology from Ames Laboratory to Produce Titanium Powder for Use in Military, Biomedical and Aerospace Components Washington, DC -- U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced that an Iowa based start-up company has been selected to participate in the Department of Energy's "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" challenge. Iowa Powder Atomization Technologies (IPAT) has signed a technology license agreement to use technologies developed by Ames Laboratory to produce fine titanium powder that can be used to improve military, biomedical and aerospace components, and can possibly be used in

86

Methanogenic Population Dynamics during Start-Up of Anaerobic Digesters Treating Municipal Solid Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: An aggressive start-up strategy was used to initiate codigestion in two anaerobic, continuously mixed bench-top reactors at mesophilic (37°C) and thermophilic (55°C) conditions. The digesters were inoculated with mesophilic anaerobic sewage sludge and cattle manure and were fed a mixture of simulated municipal solid waste and biosolids in proportions that reflect U.S. production rates. The design organic loading rate was 3.1 kg volatile solids/m 3 /day and the retention time was 20 days. Ribosomal RNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes were used to determine the methanogenic community structure in the inocula and the digesters. Chemical analyses were performed to evaluate digester performance. The aggressive start-up strategy was successful for the thermophilic reactor, despite the use of a

Biosolids; Matt E. Griffin; Katherine D. Mcmahon; Roderick I. Mackie; Lutgarde Raskin

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Commissioning and Start Up of a 110 MegaWatt Cogeneration Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"In December of 1987, Union Carbide successfully brought on line a 110,000 KVA combined cycle cogeneration facility. The construction, commissioning and start up of this complex facility was accomplished in a remarkably short twelve months. As with all projects of any magnitude, there were several technical challenges that developed during the course of the year. These challenges and the Project Team response will be discussed in some detail. Some areas include: 1. Procurement 2. Technical review of specs and drawings 3. Existing manufacturing facility constraints 4. Mechanical problems 5. Electrical problems 6. Control system / instrumentation problems The commissioning and start up had to be coordinated with existing Plant operations. As a result of the Project Team's efforts, the cogeneration facility achieved 100% of design output on December 22, 1987 without any significant impact on the manufacturing facility."

Good, R.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics; March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 * NREL/SR-500-29439 1 * NREL/SR-500-29439 Kevin Smith Global Energy Concepts LLC Kirkland, Washington WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 June 2001 * NREL/SR-500-29439 WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000 Kevin Smith Global Energy Concepts LLC Kirkland, Washington NREL Technical Monitor: Alan Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAM-0-30203-01 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

89

K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA Procedure for Allowable B&I Clinical Trial Start-Up Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA

Amin, S. Massoud

90

A multi-scale approach to statistical and model-based structural health monitoring with application to embedded sensing for wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a composite wind turbine rotor blade," Structural Healthmonitoring of wind turbine rotor blades," in progress 2013.in a composite wind turbine rotor blade." The dissertation

Taylor, Stuart Glynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Design, construction and start-up of a modern coke plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The planning and design of a 60-oven, 6m replacement coke battery and associated by-products plant for Republic Steel Corp, Chicago, are described together with the constructional methods used and problems experienced through start-up of the facility. Pushing emission control is achieved with a Mitsubishi-type land-based system and changing emission control with a Nippon Steel combination car and land-based system. A Takahax-Hirohax coke-oven gas desulphurization unit is included in the by-product plant. Construction began in March 1979 with the first push in December 1981.

Williams, A.E.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Start Up of a Nb-1%Zr Potassium Heat Pipe From the Frozen State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The start up of a liquid-metal heat pipe from the frozen state was evaluated experimentally with a Nb-1%Zr heat pipe with potassium as the working fluid. The heat pipe was fabricated and tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory. RF induction heating was used to heat 13 cm of the 1-m-long heat pipe. The heat pipe and test conditions are well characterized so that the test data may be used for comparison with numerical analyses. An attempt was made during steady state tests to calibrate the heat input so that the heat input would be known during the transient cases. The heat pipe was heated to 675C with a throughput of 600 W and an input heat flux of 6 W/cm 2 . Steady state tests, start up from the frozen state, and transient variations from steady state were conducted. Nomenclature English L length m . mass flow rate PS power setting r radius q heat flux q" heat flux per unit area T temperature v voltage V volume x axial location on heat pipe Greek e porosity r resist...

Since Its Founding; David E. Glass; Michael A. Merrigan; J. Tom Sena

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Start-up operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With the completion of the surface test facilities at Fenton Hill, the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Program at Los Alamos is moving steadily into the next stage of development. Start-up operations of the surface facilities have begun in preparation for testing the Phase II reservoir and the initial steady-state phase of operations. A test program has been developed that will entail a number of operational strategies to characterize the thermal performance of the reservoir. The surface facilities have been designed to assure high reliability while providing the flexibility and control to support the different operating modes. This paper presents a review of the system design and provides a discussion of the preliminary results of plant operations and equipment performance.

Ponden, R.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Great Plains Coal Gasification Plant start-up and modification report. [Lurgi Process  

SciTech Connect

This report will help in designing future coal conversion plants by documenting the areas which need additional research to obtain more reliable process data, more careful planning and equipment selection. The scope of this report is to: describe the problem with the particular process or item of equipment; identify the modification that was implemented to correct the problem; evaluate the impacts of the modification; and document the cost of the modification. Contents include the following: (1) process modifications (coal, oxygen and steam, gasification and gas processing, sulfur recovery, flare system, liquid processing, ash handling and solids disposal, other systems); (2) start-up schedule; (3) SNG production; (4) environmental data; and (5) cost data.

Miller, W.R.; Honea, F.I.; Lang, R.A.; Berty, T.E.; Delaney, R.C.; Hospodarec, R.W.; Mako, P.F.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Plummeting crude prices hurt West Coast work, but several projects start up  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. West Coast this year will see the nation's first commercial offshore arctic production and the start-up of oil flow from the controversial Santa Maria basin off California. An even bigger controversy involves the best remaining U.S. petroleum prospect-the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). The collapse in oil prices in 1986 has crippled drilling on the West Coast. The region always has had to contend with lower prices for lesser quality crudes and some of the highest operating costs in the U.S. But as oil prices continue to show stability, action will rebound in the two states that furnish more than one third of U.S. oil production.

Williams, B.

1987-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Iowa Start-up Taps Ames Laboratory Technology in Challenge | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Taps Ames Laboratory Technology in Challenge Taps Ames Laboratory Technology in Challenge Iowa Start-up Taps Ames Laboratory Technology in Challenge August 10, 2011 - 2:21pm Addthis Using gas atomization technology developed at the Ames Lab (click through the photo to see a video), IPAT will be able to make titanium powder 10 times more efficiently than traditional powder-making methods. Above right, 1.8 grams of gas atomized titanium powder makes a finished 1.8 gram titanium bolt. | Image Courtesy of IPAT Using gas atomization technology developed at the Ames Lab (click through the photo to see a video), IPAT will be able to make titanium powder 10 times more efficiently than traditional powder-making methods. Above right, 1.8 grams of gas atomized titanium powder makes a finished 1.8 gram titanium bolt. | Image Courtesy of IPAT

97

Start-Up Operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With the completion of the surface test facilities at Fenton Hill, the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Program at Los Alamos is moving steadily into the next stage of development. Start-up operations of the surface facilities have begun in preparation for testing the Phase II reservoir and the initial steady-state phase of operations. A test program has been developed that will entail a number of operational strategies to characterize the thermal performance of the reservoir. The surface facilities have been designed to assure high reliability while providing the flexibility and control to support the different operating modes. This paper presents a review of the system design and provides a discussion of the preliminary results of plant operations and equipment performance.

Ponden, Raymond F.

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

98

Analysis of the Madaras Rotor Power Plant: an alternate method for extracting large amounts of power from the wind. Executive summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the program was to analyze and up-date the design of the Madaras Rotor Power Plant concept that had been developed in the 1930's to determine the technical and economic feasibility of this system to be competitive with conventional horizontal axis wind turbines. The Madaras concept uses rotating cylinders, vertically mounted on flat cars, to react with the wind like a sail and propel an endless train of connected cars around a closed track at constant speed. Electricity is generated by alternators on each car that are geared to the wheels. Electrical power is transmitted from each car to the power house by a trolley system. A four-task program consisting of a series of wind tunnel tests, an electro-mechanical analysis, a performance analysis, and a cost analysis was conducted.

Whitford, D.H.; Minardi, J.E.; West, B.S.; Dominic, R.J.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Mitigation of SCC Initiation on BWR Core Internals by Means of Hydrogen Water Chemistry During Start-Up  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen injection has been applied as a preventive measure against the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) phenomenon in many boiling water reactors. However, it can be applied only during normal plant operation since hydrogen is usually injected into the feedwater and this system is in standby mode during start-up operations. It is estimated that the core internals are subjected to the strain rate that may cause susceptibility to SCC initiation during start-up. Therefore, it is beneficial to perform hydrogen injection during start-up as well in order to suppress SCC initiation.For this purpose, we installed an additional hydrogen injection system to be used during plant start-up at the Tokai-2 power station. This trial Hydrogen water chemistry During Start-up (HDS) system was applied following the 19th refueling and maintenance outage in December 2002. By comparing results obtained during this start-up with HDS to previous start-up data using normal water chemistry, we made the following observations. First, as the reactor water temperature increased from initial conditions up to 180 deg. C via nuclear heating, dissolved oxygen and hydrogen peroxide concentrations decreased to levels lower than previously observed. Second, during subsequent nuclear heating, up to 250 deg. C, the dissolved oxygen concentration did not exceed 1 ppb, and the electrochemical corrosion potential was maintained in a low range near -400 mV versus the standard hydrogen electrode.

Abe, Ayumi; Tobita, Hidehiro; Nagata, Nobuaki; Dozaki, Koji; Takiguchi, Hideki [Japan Atomic Power Company (Japan)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Start-up and control method and apparatus for resonant free piston Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

A resonant free-piston Stirling engine having a new and improved start-up and control method and system. A displacer linear electrodynamic machine is provided having an armature secured to and movable with the displacer and having a stator supported by the Stirling engine housing in juxtaposition to the armature. A control excitation circuit is provided for electrically exciting the displacer linear electrodynamic machine with electrical excitation signals having substantially the same frequency as the desired frequency of operation of the Stirling engine. The excitation control circuit is designed so that it selectively and controllably causes the displacer electrodynamic machine to function either as a generator load to extract power from the displacer or the control circuit selectively can be operated to cause the displacer electrodynamic machine to operate as an electric drive motor to apply additional input power to the displacer in addition to the thermodynamic power feedback to the displacer whereby the displacer linear electrodynamic machine also is used in the electric drive motor mode as a means for initially starting the resonant free-piston Stirling engine. 3 figs.

Walsh, M.M.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Start-up and control method and apparatus for resonant free piston Stirling engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A resonant free-piston Stirling engine having a new and improved start-up and control method and system. A displacer linear electrodynamic machine is provided having an armature secured to and movable with the displacer and having a stator supported by the Stirling engine housing in juxtaposition to the armature. A control excitation circuit is provided for electrically exciting the displacer linear electrodynamic machine with electrical excitation signals having substantially the same frequency as the desired frequency of operation of the Stirling engine. The excitation control circuit is designed so that it selectively and controllably causes the displacer electrodynamic machine to function either as a generator load to extract power from the displacer or the control circuit selectively can be operated to cause the displacer electrodynamic machine to operate as an electric drive motor to apply additional input power to the displacer in addition to the thermodynamic power feedback to the displacer whereby the displacer linear electrodynamic machine also is used in the electric drive motor mode as a means for initially starting the resonant free-piston Stirling engine.

Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

PRELIMINARY DATA CALL REPORT ADVANCED BURNER REACTOR START UP FUEL FABRICATION FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide data for preparation of a NEPA Environmental Impact Statement in support the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). One of the GNEP objectives is to reduce the inventory of long lived actinide from the light water reactor (LWR) spent fuel. The LWR spent fuel contains Plutonium (Pu) -239 and other transuranics (TRU) such as Americium-241. One of the options is to transmute or burn these actinides in fast neutron spectra as well as generate the electricity. A sodium-cooled Advanced Recycling Reactor (ARR) concept has been proposed to achieve this goal. However, fuel with relatively high TRU content has not been used in the fast reactor. To demonstrate the utilization of TRU fuel in a fast reactor, an Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR) prototype of ARR is proposed, which would necessarily be started up using weapons grade (WG) Pu fuel. The WG Pu is distinguished by relatively highest proportions of Pu-239 and lesser amount of other actinides. The WG Pu will be used as the startup fuel along with TRU fuel in lead test assemblies. Because such fuel is not currently being produced in the US, a new facility (or new capability in an existing facility) is being considered for fabrication of WG Pu fuel for the ABR. This report is provided in response to ‘Data Call’ for the construction of startup fuel fabrication facility. It is anticipated that the facility will provide the startup fuel for 10-15 years and will take to 3 to 5 years to construct.

S. T. Khericha

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Study of Transient Behavior During Start-Up of Residential Heat Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental and analytical study concerned with the transient performance of heat pumps is presented. A series of tests were performed to study and characterize the transient sensible and dehumidification performance of a heat pump in the cooling node. All the tests were conducted according to the ASHRAE Standard (1983). The effects of indoor dry-bulb temperature (72 to 80 F), indoor relative humidity (20 to 67%), outdoor dry-bulb temperature (82 to 100 F), cycling rate (0.8 to 10 cph) and percent ON-time (20 to 95%) on the transient performance (sensible and latent capacity, efficiency and sensible heat ratio) are addressed in this study. The results indicated that part load factor (PLF) can be as low as 0.65 at low percent ON-times and high cycling rates. The combination of low percent ON-times and high cycling rates produced maximum cyclic losses. The dehumidification process usually started between 60 to 150 seconds after start-up depending on the indoor ambient conditions, percent ON-time and cycling rate. The sensible and latent capacity response and part load efficiency of the heat pump increased with an increase in indoor relative humidity. There was a slight increase in PLF with indoor dry-bulb temperature. The outdoor dry-bulb temperature did not have any effect on the transient performance. Based on the functional relationship of PLF and coefficient of degradation (C_D) with the five independent variables a multiple linear regression analysis was performed on the experimental data. The analysis yielded two general equations to predict PLF and C_D. A lumped parameter heat pump transient analysis computer model was developed, which drew upon methodologies from the earlier models by Chi and Didion [1982] and Oak Ridge National Laboratory [1981]. The model was capable of simulating the transient response of a vapor compression air-to-air heat pump commonly used in residential applications. The simulated results were in good agreement with the laboratory results at high percent ON-times (> 20) and high relative humidities (> 45).

Katipamula, Srinivas

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information on turbine hub heights and rotor diameters wereStates; wind turbine size, hub height, and rotor diameter;of turbine size, including hub height and rotor diameter (

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in average turbine hub height and rotor diameter have beenInformation on turbine hub heights and rotor diameters werehub height and rotor diameter of wind turbines installed in

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in average turbine hub height and rotor diameter have beenInformation on turbine hub heights and rotor diameters wereStates; wind turbine size, hub height, and rotor diameter;

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Start-Up Experience (Alternative Fuel Transit Buses Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This report, based on interviews and site visits conducted in October 1999, describes the start-up activities of the DART liquefied natural gas program, identifying problem areas, highlighting successes, and capturing the lessons learned in DART's ongoing efforts to remain at the forefront of the transit industry.

Battelle

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Control strategies of doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine system with new rotor current protection topology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A protection scheme of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system during faults is crowbar activation. With this protection

Jackson John Justo; Kyoung-Soo Ro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Low Wind Speed Technology Phase II: Reducing Cost of Energy Through Rotor Aerodynamics Control; Global Energy Concepts, LLC  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes a subcontract with Global Energy Concepts to evaluate a wide range of wind turbine configurations and their impact on overall cost of energy (COE).

Not Available

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

An experimental study on improvement of a Savonius rotor performance with curtaining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces a new curtaining arrangement to improve the performance of Savonius wind rotors. The curtain arrangement was placed in front of the rotor preventing the negative torque opposite the rotor rotation. The geometrical parameters of the curtain arrangement were optimized to generate an optimum performance. The rotor with different curtain arrangements was tested out of a wind tunnel, and its performance was compared with that of the conventional rotor. The maximum power coefficient of the Savonius wind rotor is increased to about 38.5% with the optimum curtain arrangement. The experimental results showed that the performance of Savonius wind rotors could be improved with a suitable curtain arrangement. (author)

Altan, Burcin Deda; Atilgan, Mehmet [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Pamukkale University, Kinikli 20070 Denizli (Turkey); Oezdamar, Aydogan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

PN Rotor GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PN Rotor GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name PN Rotor GmbH Place Lower Saxony, Germany Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based subsidiary of Prokon Nord Energiesysteme GmbH and...

112

Wind Turbine Blade Test Definition of the DeWind DW90 Rotor Blade: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-326  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This CRADA was developed as a funds-in CRADA with DeWind to assess the suitability of facilities and equipment at the NWTC for performing certification blade testing on wind turbine blades made from advanced materials. DeWind produces a wind turbine blade which includes the use of high-strength and stiffness materials. NREL and DeWind had a mutual interest in defining the necessary facilities, equipment, and test methods for testing large wind turbine blades which incorporate advanced materials and adaptive structures, as the demands on test equipment and infrastructure are greater than current capabilities. Work under this CRADA would enable DeWind to verify domestic capability for certification-class static and fatigue testing, while NREL would be able to identify and develop specialized test capabilities based on the test requirements.

Hughes, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Structural health and prognostics management for offshore wind turbines : case studies of rotor fault and blade damage with initial O&M cost modeling.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance costs for offshore wind plants are significantly higher than the current costs for land-based (onshore) wind plants. One way to reduce these costs would be to implement a structural health and prognostic management (SHPM) system as part of a condition based maintenance paradigm with smart load management and utilize a state-based cost model to assess the economics associated with use of the SHPM system. To facilitate the development of such a system a multi-scale modeling approach developed in prior work is used to identify how the underlying physics of the system are affected by the presence of damage and faults, and how these changes manifest themselves in the operational response of a full turbine. This methodology was used to investigate two case studies: (1) the effects of rotor imbalance due to pitch error (aerodynamic imbalance) and mass imbalance and (2) disbond of the shear web; both on a 5-MW offshore wind turbine in the present report. Based on simulations of damage in the turbine model, the operational measurements that demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the damage/faults were the blade tip accelerations and local pitching moments for both imbalance and shear web disbond. The initial cost model provided a great deal of insight into the estimated savings in operations and maintenance costs due to the implementation of an effective SHPM system. The integration of the health monitoring information and O&M cost versus damage/fault severity information provides the initial steps to identify processes to reduce operations and maintenance costs for an offshore wind farm while increasing turbine availability, revenue, and overall profit.

Myrent, Noah J. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Kusnick, Joshua F. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Barrett, Natalie C. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Griffith, Daniel Todd

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Qualification of CASMO5 / SIMULATE-3K against the SPERT-III E-core cold start-up experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SIMULATE-3K is a three-dimensional kinetic code applicable to LWR Reactivity Initiated Accidents. S3K has been used to calculate several international recognized benchmarks. However, the feedback models in the benchmark exercises are different from the feedback models that SIMULATE-3K uses for LWR reactors. For this reason, it is worth comparing the SIMULATE-3K capabilities for Reactivity Initiated Accidents against kinetic experiments. The Special Power Excursion Reactor Test III was a pressurized-water, nuclear-research facility constructed to analyze the reactor kinetic behavior under initial conditions similar to those of commercial LWRs. The SPERT III E-core resembles a PWR in terms of fuel type, moderator, coolant flow rate, and system pressure. The initial test conditions (power, core flow, system pressure, core inlet temperature) are representative of cold start-up, hot start-up, hot standby, and hot full power. The qualification of S3K against the SPERT III E-core measurements is an ongoing work at Studsvik. In this paper, the results for the 30 cold start-up tests are presented. The results show good agreement with the experiments for the reactivity initiated accident main parameters: peak power, energy release and compensated reactivity. Predicted and measured peak powers differ at most by 13%. Measured and predicted reactivity compensations at the time of the peak power differ less than 0.01 $. Predicted and measured energy release differ at most by 13%. All differences are within the experimental uncertainty. (authors)

Grandi, G.; Moberg, L. [Studsvik Scandpower, Inc., 504 Shoup Ave, Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Dynamic Simulation Studies of the Frequency Response of the Three U.S. Interconnections with Increased Wind Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

factor. Type 2 Wind Turbine Generator (Wound Rotor InductionTurbine Generator (Doubly-fed Induction (Asynchronous) Generator: The rotor

Mackin, Peter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A multi-scale approach to statistical and model-based structural health monitoring with application to embedded sensing for wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a composite wind turbine rotor blade," Structural Healthdetection in composite wind turbine blades," Journal offor structural monitoring of wind turbine rotor blades," in

Taylor, Stuart Glynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

An experimental and numerical study of wind turbine seismic behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Turbine Rotor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 Results ofA. C. (2006). “WindPACT turbine rotor design study. ” ReportA. C. (2006). “WindPACT turbine rotor design study. ” Report

Prowell, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Optimization of a Savonius rotor vertical-axis wind turbine for use in water pumping systems in rural Honduras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The D-lab Honduras team designed and constructed a wind-powered water pump in rural Honduras during IAP 2007. Currently, the system does not work under its own power and water must be pumped by hand. This thesis seeks to ...

Zingman, Aron (Aron Olesen)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Hawaii Zuteck Rotor Project: Compilation of project reports  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes project to design and build aileron retrofit blades for a 600 kW upwind, teetered rotor, full-span pitch control, horizontal-axis wind turbine.

Zuteck, M.D.; Miller, M.W.

1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

120

{sup 210}Po-Be start-up source rods for 300 MWe Qinshan Nuclear Power Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to perform the start-up of the pressurized water reactor (PWR) for the 300 MWe Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, a pair of {open_quotes}primary{close_quotes} source rods with {sup 210}Po-Be neutron sources were made successfully. The total neutron emission was 3.0x10{sup 8} n/s and the dimensions of the source rod were 10 mm in diameter and 3173 mm long. The research on the source core ({sup 210}Po-Be source) and source rod technology is described in this paper. A new production line has been established and approved source rod technology has been used. AU examinations demonstrated that the quality of a pair of source rods is up to or superior to the technical specifications.

Cai Shan-yu; Zhang pin-yuan; Gao Wan-shan; Mao Shi-qi [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing (China)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Method and apparatus for improved start-up procedures in conventional steam power generators and dual fluid Cheng cycle engines  

SciTech Connect

In a start-up procedure for a steam injected gas turbine engine, a chamber; compressor means for introducing air into the chamber; means for introducing steam within the chamber, including at least a steam injection line; means for heating air and steam in the chamber, including at least a hydrocarbon fuel source and means for combustion; turbine means response to a mixture of air, combustion products and steam for converting the energy associated with the mixture to mechanical energy; counterflow heat exchanger means, including at least superheater and evaporator sections, for transferring residual thermal energy for the mixture exhausted from the turbine means, to incoming water and steam, wherein the evaporator section includes a water storage drum between, and connected with, the evaporator and superheat sections, the connection between the drum and superheater sections including a steam injector control valve, and means for providing incoming water at temperatures below the normal operating boiling temperature to the evaporator section.

Hamill, J.; Digumarth, R.; Conlon, W.; Cheng, D.Y.; Chang, C.N.

1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

122

Lessons learned from an installation perspective for chemical demilitarization plant start-up at four operating incineration sites.  

SciTech Connect

This study presents the lessons learned by chemical storage installations as they prepared for the start of chemical demilitarization plant operations at the four current chemical incinerator sites in Alabama, Arkansas, Oregon, and Utah. The study included interviews with persons associated with the process and collection of available documents prepared at each site. The goal was to provide useful information for the chemical weapons storage sites in Colorado and Kentucky that will be going through plant start-up in the next few years. The study is not a compendium of what to do and what not to do. The information has been categorized into ten lessons learned; each is discussed individually. Documents that may be useful to the Colorado and Kentucky sites are included in the appendices. This study should be used as a basis for planning and training.

Motz, L.; Decision and Information Sciences

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

123

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors. 10 figs.

Bender, D.A.; Kuklo, T.C.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Single rotor turbine engine  

SciTech Connect

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

How Does a Wind Turbine Work?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. The energy in the wind turns two or three propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to the main shaft, which spins a generator to...

127

Brawley 10MW Geothermal Plant Plant Manual for Southern California Edison Company and Union Oil Company of California: Systems Start-up and Operations, Volume II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Each system within the facility is considered from an operation viewpoint. There are five subsegments within this operation's viewpoint. Prerequisite conditions, start-up, normal operating, emergency and shutdown.

None

1980-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

128

Women & early-stage entrepreneurship : examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Women in technology have always been a minority and the number of women who are founders of venture backed start-ups is even lower. This research empirically investigates venture capital funding received by entrepreneurs ...

Swaminathan, Shuba

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Women & early-stage entrepreneurship : examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups; Women and early-stage entrepreneurship; Examining the impact of the venture funding crisis on male and female-led technology start-ups.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Women in technology have always been a minority and the number of women who are founders of venture backed start-ups is even lower. This research… (more)

Swaminathan, Shuba

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ABWR start-up test analysis using BWR core simulator with three-dimensional direct response matrix method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ABWR start-up test analysis has been done with the BWR core simulator using the three--dimensional direct response matrix (3D-DRM) method. The Monte Carlo code VMONT made the sub-response matrices for the 3D-DRM method. Each boundary surface was subdivided by 4 x 4 for transverse segments, by 4 for angular segments and by 4 for axial zones in a node. For the calculation speedup, the 3D-DRM code used the divided sub-response matrices data set. The code used the MPI and OpenMP for the parallelized method. The median value is set as the average critical eigenvalues. The changes from the maximum value to the minimum value are 0.34 %{Delta}k with the spectral history method and 0.40 %{Delta}k without it, and the respective standard deviations were 0.12 % and 0.14 %. Using the spectral history method decreased the variation by 0.06 %{Delta}k. The root mean square differences of the axial power distribution were about 6 % between the analysis results and the plant data. Using the currents which converged in the previous exposure step reduced the number of iterations when the CR pattern changed only slightly. The averaged calculation time for each exposure step was about 5 hours on 12 PC Linux cluster servers with Core 2 Quad 3 GHz. (authors)

Mitsuyasu, T.; Ishii, K.; Hino, T.; Aoyama, M. [Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi Research Laboratory, 2-1 Omika-cho 7-chome, Hitachi-shi Ibaraki-ken, 319-1221 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

WREF 2012: THE PAST AND FUTURE COST OF WIND ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.C. (2006). WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study. NREL/SR-growth of turbine nameplate capacity, hub height, and rotorLarger  rotors  with  reduced  turbine  loads  allowed  

Wiser, Ryan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Dynamic analysis of a 5 megawatt offshore floating wind turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wind turbine. Rating Control Rotor Radius Rated Windturbines is a major design consideration due to cyclic loading induced by the rotating rotors [the turbine. The base was assumed to be fixed and the rotor

Harriger, Evan Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of large wind turbine (REpower MM92) Tower Rotor blades GearLiberty turbine, 2008 Component Tower Rotor blades/hub/turbine, 2008 Component Supplier Supplier HQ Tower Gamesa Spain Rotor

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

HGP-A Wellhead Generator, Proof-Of-Feasibility Project 3 MW Wellhead Generator, Start-Up Training and Operating Manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The start-up manual is an information aid to initially familiarize plant operators with the plant operation and later be used as a reference manual while operating the plant. This start-up manual is supplemented by the Plant Data Manual which contains a detailed description of the philosophy of operation and equipment characteristics. The sequencing herein presents the necessary operating procedures which must be followed in order that a smooth start-up is obtained. The sequence includes, first conditioning the well and stabilizing the steam/water separations, and then bringing the operating machinery on line. The Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams and Electrical Drawings are included under Section 12.0 and are frequently referred to in the text. Information for ''trouble-shooting'' is provided in the maintenance and operations manuals on all the equipment.

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Dynamic average-value modeling of doubly-fed induction generator wind energy conversion systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In a Doubly-fed Induction Generator (DFIG) wind energy conversion system, the rotor of a wound rotor induction generator is connected to the grid via a… (more)

Shahab, Azin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Method and apparatus for set point control for steam temperatures for start-up of the turbine and steam generator in unit power plants  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus are described for controlling the set point for steam temperatures for cold start-up of a steam generator-turbine unit wherein inlet steam temperature and turbine load absorption are steadily and substantially simultaneously increased in accordance with a predetermined relationship so as to reach their final values substantially synchronously.

Bloch, H.; Salm, M.

1978-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

137

Development of an 8 kW wind turbine generator for residential type applications. Phase I: design and analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

This Phase I summary report contains a description of the 8 kW wind energy conversion system developed by the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) for the Department of Energy. The wind turbine employs the UTRC Bearingless Rotor Concept in conjunction with a passive pendulum control system which controls blade pitch for start-up, efficient power generation, and high-speed survivability. The report contains a summary of the experimental and analytical programs in support of design efforts. These supporting programs include materials tests, a wind tunnel program, and aeroelastic analyses to evaluate system stability. An estimate is also made of the projected manufacturing cost of the system if produced in quantity.

Cheney, M.C.

1979-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Method and apparatus for wind turbine braking  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for braking a wind turbine including at least one rotor blade coupled to a rotor. The method includes selectively controlling an angle of pitch of the at least one rotor blade with respect to a wind direction based on a design parameter of a component of the wind turbine to facilitate reducing a force induced into the wind turbine component as a result of braking.

Barbu, Corneliu (Laguna Hills, CA); Teichmann, Ralph (Nishkayuna, NY); Avagliano, Aaron (Houston, TX); Kammer, Leonardo Cesar (Niskayuna, NY); Pierce, Kirk Gee (Simpsonville, SC); Pesetsky, David Samuel (Greenville, SC); Gauchel, Peter (Muenster, DE)

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

Stator for a rotating electrical machine having multiple control windings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating electric machine is provided which includes multiple independent control windings for compensating for rotor imbalances and for levitating/centering the rotor. The multiple independent control windings are placed at different axial locations along the rotor to oppose forces created by imbalances at different axial locations along the rotor. The multiple control windings can also be used to levitate/center the rotor with a relatively small magnetic field per unit area since the rotor and/or the main power winding provides the bias field.

Shah, Manoj R. (Latham, NY); Lewandowski, Chad R. (Amsterdam, NY)

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

140

Review of the Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities, June 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pantex Site Office's Compliance with Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities June 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1 1.0 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Assessment Methodologies and Approach ........................................................................................... 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Review of the Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities, June 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Site Office's Compliance with Pantex Site Office's Compliance with DOE Order 425.1D, Verification of Readiness to Start Up or Restart Nuclear Facilities June 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1 1.0 Purpose .................................................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Assessment Methodologies and Approach ........................................................................................... 1

142

Performance and Vibratory Loads Data From a Wind-Tunnel Test of a Model Helicopter MainRotor Blade With a Paddle-Type Tip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this report as a "BERP-type" blade. The intent of using these two blade sets was to evaluate the effect of the BERP planform geometry on performance and loads, not to conduct an exhaustive study of the BERP concept. The baseline and paddle-type tip blades were compared with regard to rotor performance, oscillatory pitch-link loads, and 4-per-rev vertical fixed-system loads. Data were obtained in hover and forward flight over a nominal range of advance ratios from 0.15 to 0.425. Results indicate that the paddle-type tip offers no performance improvements in either hover or forward flight. Pitchlink oscillatory loads for the paddle-type tip are higher than for the baseline blade, whereas 4-per-rev vertical fixed-system loads are generally lower.

William T. Yeager, Jr.; Kevin W. Noonan; Jeffrey D. Singleton; Matthew L. Wilbur; Paul H. Mirick

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine generator includes a stator having a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis. A rotor is rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis, and the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to the rotor and cooperating with the stator windings. The magnetic elements are configured to generate a magnetic field and the stator windings are configured to interact with the magnetic field to generate a voltage in the stator windings. A heat pipe assembly thermally engaging one of the stator and the rotor to dissipate heat generated in the stator or rotor.

Salamah, Samir A. (Niskayuna, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Schenectady, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Alplaus, NY); Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY)

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

144

Self-regulating composite bearingless wind turbine. Executive summary, June 3, 1975--June 2, 1976  

SciTech Connect

An investigation was conducted into the feasibility of applying the Composite Bearingless Rotor (CBR) concept to wind turbines. The CBR blade is comprised of a conventional blade construction over the outboard span, but inboard is made up simply from a finite length (about 15 percent of the radius) of unidirectional composite material. This member, called the flexbeam, replaces the hinges and bearings normally located at the blade root and provides the necessary flatwise and edgewise stiffness, but due to the unidirectional fiber alignment, has low torsional stiffness. Blade pitch control is achieved by applying a moment at the outboard end of the flexbeam and elastically twisting it. The work described in the final report was conducted under contract with ERDA and consisted of the design and fabrication of a dynamically scaled wind turbine model, the wind tunnel testing of this model, and the evaluation of several control concepts in an attempt to achieve a self-regulating system. Such a system was achieved and experimentally demonstrated in the wind tunnel. Operating characteristics at wind speeds exceeding 30 mph were investigated and simulated start ups and wind direction changes were successfully executed.

Cheney, M.C.; Spierings, P.A.M.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Jump to: navigation, search Name Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) Place Bremen, Germany Zip 28239 Sector Wind energy Product Service company for wind turbine blades and towers. References Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) is a company located in Bremen, Germany . References ↑ "Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Deutsche_Rotor_und_Turm_Service_GmbH_Co_KG_DRTS&oldid=344202" Categories:

146

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. June 26, 2013 Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in...

147

The Economic Optimization of Wind Turbine Design .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies the optimization of a variable speed, three blade, horizontal-axis wind turbine. The design parameters considered are the rotor diameter, hub height and… (more)

Schmidt, Michael Frank

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Power and Frequency Control as it Relates to Wind-Powered Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine power if the wind is favorable at the moment and response provided by borrowing energy from the rotors

Lacommare, Kristina S H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Wind Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Power Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Wind Power WIndfarm.Sunset.jpg Wind power is a form of solar energy.[1] Wind is caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, variations in the earth's surface, and rotation of the earth. Mountains, bodies of water, and vegetation all influence wind flow patterns[2], [3]. Wind energy (or wind power) describes the process by which wind is used to generate electricity. Wind turbines convert the energy in wind to electricity by rotating propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor turns the drive shaft, which turns an electric generator.[2] Three key factors affect the amount of energy a turbine can harness from the wind: wind speed, air density, and swept area.[4] Mechanical power can also be utilized directly for specific tasks such as

150

Assessment of full power turbine trip start-up test for C. Trillo 1 with RELAP5/MOD2. International Agreement Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

C. Trillo I has developed a model of the plant with RELAP5/MOD2/36.04. This model will be validated against a selected set of start-up tests. One of the transients selected to that aim is the turbine trip, which presents very specific characteristics that make it significantly different from the same transient in other PWRs of different design, the main difference being that the reactor is not tripped: a reduction in primary power is carried out instead. Pre-test calculations were done of the Turbine Trip Test and compared against the actual test. Minor problems in the first model, specially in the Control and Limitation Systems, were identified and post-test calculations had been carried out. The results show a good agreement with data for all the compared variables.

Lozano, M.F.; Moreno, P.; de la Cal, C.; Larrea, E.; Lopez, A.; Santamaria, J.G.; Lopez, E.; Novo, M. [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

New England Wind Forum: Wind Power Economics  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Cost Components Determining Factors Influencing Wind Economics in New England How does wind compare to the cost of other electricity options? Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Wind Power Economics Long-Term Cost Trends Since the first major installations of commercial-scale wind turbines in the 1980s, the cost of energy from wind power projects has decreased substantially due to larger turbine generators, towers, and rotor lengths; scale economies associated with larger projects; improvements in manufacturing efficiency, and technological advances in turbine generator and blade design. These technological advances have allowed for higher generating capacities per turbine and more efficient capture of wind, especially at lower wind speeds.

152

Single Rotor Turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor for use in turbine applications has a centrifugal compressor having axially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and an axial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the centrifugal compressor flows.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

153

Main Generator Rotor Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main generator rotors are constructed and designed to provide decades of reliable and trouble-free operation. However, a number of incidences have occurred over the years that can adversely impact reliable operation of generator rotors and, ultimately, production of electrical power. This report is a guide for power plant personnel responsible for reliable operation and maintenance of main generators. As a guide, this report provides knowledge and experience from generator experts working at power plants...

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

154

NREL: Wind Research - Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Gaia-Wind's 11-kW wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Gaia-Wind's 11-kilowatt (kW) small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). Gaia-Wind's turbine is a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts. The turbine's downwind rotor has a 13-meter diameter, and its tower is 18 meters tall. The two-bladed, oversized rotor is designed for low to moderate wind speeds. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 6/11/2008: 210; 6/13/2008: 528; 6/16/2008: 716; 6/18/2008: 731; 6/19/2008:

155

3D Simulation of a 5MW Wind Turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the present work, the influence of turbulence and gravity forces on the tower and the rotor of a 5MW onshore wind turbine has been… (more)

Namiranian, Abtin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Experimental Study of Stability Limits for Slender Wind Turbine Blades.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is a growing interest in extracting more power per turbine by increasing the rotor size in offshore wind turbines. As a result, the turbine… (more)

Ladge, Shruti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Study of Composite Materials Application for Horizontal Axis Wind ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the specific velocity is directly related to the coefficient of power Cp of a wind rotor, this article presents a comparative study with different materials and ...

158

NREL: Wind Research - NREL's Wind Technology Patents Boost Efficiency and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL's Wind Technology Patents Boost Efficiency and Lower Costs NREL's Wind Technology Patents Boost Efficiency and Lower Costs March 22, 2013 Wind energy research conducted at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) during the last decade has earned the lab two patents, one for adaptive pitch control and one for a resonance blade test system that will ultimately help its industry partners increase the efficiency of wind technologies and reduce the cost of wind energy. The most recent patent for adaptive pitch control for variable-speed wind turbines was granted in May 2012. Variable-speed wind turbines use rotor blade pitch control to regulate rotor speed at the high wind speed limit. Although manufacturers and operators have been interested in developing a nominal pitch to improve

159

Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the adaptation of a wind turbine performance code for use in the development of a general use design code and optimization method for stall-regulated horizontal-axis hydrokinetic turbine rotors. This rotor optimization code couples a modern genetic algorithm and blade-element momentum performance code in a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI) that allows for rapid and intuitive design of optimal stall-regulated rotors. This optimization method calculates the optimal chord, twist, and hydrofoil distributions which maximize the hydrodynamic efficiency and ensure that the rotor produces an ideal power curve and avoids cavitation. Optimizing a rotor for maximum efficiency does not necessarily create a turbine with the lowest cost of energy, but maximizing the efficiency is an excellent criterion to use as a first pass in the design process. To test the capabilities of this optimization method, two conceptual rotors were designed which successfully met the design objectives.

Sale, D.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Preliminary structural design conceptualization for composite rotor for verdant power water current turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Verdant Power Inc. (VPI) have partnered under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a new kinetic hydropower rotor. The rotor features an improved hydrodynamic and structural design which features state-of-the-art technology developed for the wind industry. The new rotor will have higher energy capture, increased system reliability, and reduction of overall cost of energy. This project was divided into six tasks: (1) Composite Rotor Project Planning and Design Specification; (2) Baseline Fatigue Testing and Failure analysis; (3) Develop Blade/Rotor Performance Model; (4) Hydrofoil Survey and Selection; (5) FEM Structural Design; and (6) Develop Candidate Rotor Designs and Prepare Final Report.

Paquette, J. A.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ROTOR END CAP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved end cap is described for the cylindrical rotor or bowl of a high-speed centrifugal separator adapted to permit free and efficient continuous counter current flow of gas therethrough for isotope separation. The end cap design provides for securely mounting the same to the hollow central shaft and external wall of the centrifuge. Passageways are incorporated and so arranged as to provide for continuous counter current flow of the light and heavy portions of the gas fed to the centrifuge.

Rushing, F.C.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Analysis of a teetered, variable-speed rotor: final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A computer model of a horizontal axis wind turbine (HOOT) with four structural degrees of freedom has been derived and verified. The four degrees of freedom include flapwise motion of the blades, teeter motion, and variable rotor speed. Options for the variable rotor speed include synchronous, induction, and constant-tip speed generator models with either start, stop, or normal operations. Verification is made by comparison with analytical solutions and mean and cyclic ESI-80 data. The Veers full-field turbulence model is used as a wind input for a synchronous and induction generator test case during normal operation. As a result of the comparison, it is concluded that the computer model can be used to predict accurately mean and cyclic loads with a turbulent wind input. 47 refs., 19 figs.

Weber, T.L.; Wilson, R.E.; Walker, S.N. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering) [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Operational behavior of a double-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greater efficiency in wind turbine systems is achieved by allowing the rotor to change its rate of rotation as the wind speed changes. The wind turbine system is decoupled from the utility grid and a variable speed operation ...

Reddy, Sivananda Kumjula

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

Rotor Noise in Maneuvering Flight.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to understand the physics of rotor noise in the maneuvering flight. To achieve this objective, an integrated noise prediction… (more)

Chen, Hsuan-nien

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Homopolar motor with dual rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine of the type having an airfoil blade (15) mounted on a flexible beam (20) and a pitch governor (55) which selectively, torsionally twists the flexible beam in response to wind turbine speed thereby setting blade pitch, is provided with a limiter (85) which restricts unwanted pitch change at operating speeds due to torsional creep of the flexible beam. The limiter allows twisting of the beam by the governor under excessive wind velocity conditions to orient the blades in stall pitch positions, thereby preventing overspeed operation of the turbine. In the preferred embodiment, the pitch governor comprises a pendulum (65,70) which responds to changing rotor speed by pivotal movement, the limiter comprising a resilient member (90) which engages an end of the pendulum to restrict further movement thereof, and in turn restrict beam creep and unwanted blade pitch misadjustment.

Cheney, Jr., Marvin C. (Glastonbury, CT)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Electromagnetic torque analysis of a DFIG for wind turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electromagnetic torque of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is a consequence of the rotor and stator supply. The stator voltage has a fixed amount and frequency. The rotor voltage of the DFIG as a part of a wind turbine has a variable amount and ... Keywords: DFIG, electromagnetic torque, renewable energy, wind turbine

Jurica Smajo; Dinko Vukadinovic

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Zoning for Small Wind: The Importance of Tower Height  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

1 1 Zoning for Small Wind: The Importance of Tower Height An ASES Small Wind Webinar Mick Sagrillo-Wisconsin's Focus on Energy © 2008 by Mick Sagrillo 2 Definitions: rotor L&S Tech. Assoc., Inc. Rotor = "collector" for a wind system 3 Definitions: wind * Wind = the 'fuel' * Wind has two 'components' - Quantity = wind speed (velocity or V) - Quality = 'clean' flowing wind 4 Quantity * = average annual wind speed * Climate, not weather * Akin to annual average sun hours for PV or head and flow for hydro * Wind speed increases with height above ground... * ...Due to diminished ground drag (friction) 5 Power in the wind V³ * Wind speed = V * Power available is proportional to wind speed x wind speed x wind speed - or P ~ V x V x V - or P ~ V ³ * Therefore, 10% V = 33% P * Lesson !

170

Recurrent Rotor-Router Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the existence of recurrent initial configurations for the rotor walk on many graphs, including Z^d, and planar graphs with locally finite embeddings. We also prove that recurrence and transience of rotor walks are invariant under changes in the starting vertex and finite changes in the initial configuration.

Angel, Omer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Recurrent Rotor-Router Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the existence of recurrent initial configurations for the rotor walk on many graphs, including Z d, and planar graphs with locally finite embeddings. We also prove that recurrence and transience of rotor walks are invariant under changes in the starting vertex and finite changes in the initial configuration.

Omer Angel; Alexander E. Holroyd

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Brake rotor design and comparison using finite element analysis : an investigation in topology optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Rotor Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Appendix D Unsatisfactory RotorAppendix G Supplemental Rotor Symmetrical Instance

Domond, Kenneth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Wind turbine spoiler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aerodynamic spoiler system for a vertical axis wind turbine includes spoilers on the blades initially stored near the rotor axis to minimize drag. A solenoid latch adjacent the central support tower releases the spoilers and centrifugal force causes the spoilers to move up the turbine blades away from the rotor axis, thereby producing a braking effect and actual slowing of the associated wind turbine, if desired. The spoiler system can also be used as an infinitely variable power control by regulated movement of the spoilers on the blades over the range between the undeployed and fully deployed positions. This is done by the use of a suitable powered reel and cable located at the rotor tower to move the spoilers.

Sullivan, William N. (Albuquerque, NM)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Addendum to a proposal to NSF to sponsor a vertical-axis wind turbine research program  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning the performance evaluation of a 15 foot-diameter test bed Darrieus rotor, Darrieus rotor wind tunnel tests, Savonius rotor wind tunnel tests, blade manufacturing techniques for 15 foot-diameter and 35 foot-diameter wind turbines, static and dynamic structural analysis, production prototype design of a 15 foot-diameter turbine, production prototype design of 35 foot-diameter turbine, and aerodynamic performance studies.

Blackwell, B.F.; Feltz, L.V.; Rightley, E.C.

1974-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

NREL: Learning - Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work Wind Energy Basics: How Wind Turbines Work We have been harnessing the wind's energy for hundreds of years. From old Holland to farms in the United States, windmills have been used for pumping water or grinding grain. Today, the windmill's modern equivalent-a wind turbine-can use the wind's energy to generate electricity. Wind turbines, like windmills, are mounted on a tower to capture the most energy. At 100 feet (30 meters) or more aboveground, they can take advantage of the faster and less turbulent wind. Turbines catch the wind's energy with their propeller-like blades. Usually, two or three blades are mounted on a shaft to form a rotor. A blade acts much like an airplane wing. When the wind blows, a pocket of low-pressure air forms on the downwind side of the blade. The low-pressure

176

Feasibility of utilizing wind energy in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the feasibility of utilizing wind energy to meet part of the energy demands related to pumping water and to generating electricity for the rural households in Thailand. The data for this study were divided into three different areas: (1) wind speed data, (2) the wind machine performance data, and (3) the rural energy demand data. The wind machine were divided into two categories of water-pumping windmills and electricity-generating wind machines. Three types of water pumping windmills and one type of electricity-generating wind machine were matched with the wind condition in Thailand. They were the multi-blade rotor, the sailwing rotor model (WE 002), the slow-speed sailwing rotor, and the Aerowatt model (1100 FP5G) respectively. It was concluded that, in Thailand: (1) the multiblade rotor and the sail-wing rotor (WE 002) windmill is suitable for pumping water for domestic use at 43 specified locations; (2) the slow-speed sailwing rotor windmill is suitable for pumping water for small irrigation at 32 specified locations; and (3) the Aerowatt model (1100 GP5G) is suitable for generating electricity for household use at 29 specified locations.

Jamkrajang, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Final project report: High energy rotor development, test and evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under the auspices of the {open_quotes}Government/Industry Wind Technology Applications Project{close_quotes} [{open_quotes}Letter of Interest{close_quotes} (LOI) Number RC-1-11101], Flo Wind Corp. has successfully developed, tested, and delivered a high-energy rotor upgrade candidate for their 19-meter Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. The project included the demonstration of the innovative extended height-to-diameter ratio concept, the development of a continuous span single-piece composite blade, the demonstration of a continuous blade manufacturing technique, the utilization of the Sandia National Laboratories developed SNLA 2150 natural laminar flow airfoil and the reuse of existing wind turbine and wind power plant infrastructure.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Aeroacoustics and aerodynamic performance of a rotor with flatback airfoils.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aerodynamic performance and aeroacoustic noise sources of a rotor employing flatback airfoils have been studied in field test campaign and companion modeling effort. The field test measurements of a sub-scale rotor employing nine meter blades include both performance measurements and acoustic measurements. The acoustic measurements are obtained using a 45 microphone beamforming array, enabling identification of both noise source amplitude and position. Semi-empirical models of flatback airfoil blunt trailing edge noise are developed and calibrated using available aeroacoustic wind tunnel test data. The model results and measurements indicate that flatback airfoil noise is less than drive train noise for the current test turbine. It is also demonstrated that the commonly used Brooks, Pope, and Marcolini model for blunt trailing edge noise may be over-conservative in predicting flatback airfoil noise for wind turbine applications.

Paquette, Joshua A.; Barone, Matthew Franklin; Christiansen, Monica (Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA); Simley, Eric (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Simulation and modeling of flow field around a horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) using RANS method.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The principal objective of the proposed CFD analysis is to investigate the flow field around a horizontal axis wind turbine rotor and calculate the turbine's… (more)

Sargsyan, Armen.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Real-time digital control of DFIG-based wind generators for grid support.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, a set of new converter /control techniques are developed for the Grid Side and Rotor Side converter applications in DFIG wind power… (more)

Mesbah, Mohsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Optimized Maintenance of Generator Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generator rotor maintenance options are limited and expensive. The timing and scope of work done requires optimization to obtain the maximum benefits for continued long-term trouble-free operation. This document is a comprehensive guide to the maintenance of large generator rotors of 2 and 4 pole design that are cooled directly or indirectly by air or hydrogen. These include 50 and 60 Hz machines, operating at speeds of 1500, 1800, 3000, and 3600 RPM. The guide does not cover water-cooled rotors. The inf...

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

182

Definition: Wind power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind power Wind power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Wind power The amount of power available to a wind turbine depends on: air density, wind speed and the swept area of the rotor. While the power is proportional to air density and swept area, it varies with the cube of wind speed, so small changes in wind speed can have a relatively large impact on wind power.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form of energy, such as using wind turbines to make electrical power, windmills for mechanical power, windpumps for water pumping or drainage, or sails to propel ships. Large wind farms consist of hundreds of individual wind turbines which are connected to the electric power transmission network. Offshore wind is steadier and stronger than on land, and offshore farms

183

Comparison between the measured and calculated reactivity in measuring the effectiveness of the emergency protection at the stage of physical start-up of unit no. 3 at the Kalinin nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents comparisons between the effectiveness of the emergency protection under both stationary and nonstationary formulations calculated with the use of the RADUGA-7.5 package and experimental data obtained in measuring the 'weight' of the emergency protection in the process of physical start-up of the VVER-1000 reactor of unit no. 3 of the Kalinin NPP. On the basis of the results obtained, recommendations are given on comparing the measured and calculated reactivity and parameters determined by using its value.

Kavun, O. Yu.; Popykin, A. I.; Shevchenko, R. A., E-mail: rshevchenko@secnrs.ru; Shevchenko, S. A. [Scientific and Engineering Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Permanent magnet machine with windings having strand transposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This document discusses, among other things, a stator with transposition between the windings or coils. The coils are free from transposition to increase the fill factor of the stator slots. The transposition at the end connections between an inner coil and an outer coil provide transposition to reduce circulating current loss. The increased fill factor reduces further current losses. Such a stator is used in a dual rotor, permanent magnet machine, for example, in a compressor pump, wind turbine gearbox, wind turbine rotor.

Qu, Ronghai (Clifton Park, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Electrically heated DPF start-up strategy  

SciTech Connect

An exhaust system that processes exhaust generated by an engine has a diesel particulate filter (DPF) that is disposed downstream of the engine and that filters particulates in the exhaust. An electrical heater is disposed upstream of the DPF and selectively heats the exhaust to initiate combustion of the particulates. Heat generated by combustion of particulates in the heater induces combustion of particulates within the DPF. A control module selectively enables current flow to the electrical heater for an initial period of a DPF regeneration cycle, and limits exhaust flow while the electrical heater is heating to a predetermined soot combustion temperature.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Ament, Frank [Troy, MI

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

Why Do Start-Ups Patent?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

invention commercialized, often NDAs are signed before any disclosureinventions that are patentable subject matter, concurrent patent protection and trade secret protection are incompatible because the disclosure

Graham, Stuart; Sichelman, Ted

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Using a new characterization of turbulent wind for accurate correlation of wind turbine response with wind speed  

SciTech Connect

The turbulence encountered by a point on a rotating wind turbine blade has characteristics that in some important respects are different from those measured by a stationary anemometer. The conventional one-peaked continuous spectrum becomes, broadly, a two-peaked spectrum that in addition contains a set of narrow-band spikes of turbulence energy, one centered on the frequency of rotor rotation and the others centered on multiples of that frequency. The rotational sampling effect on wind spectra is quantified using measurements of wind velocity by anemometers on stationary crosswind circular arrays. Characteristics of fluctuating wind are compared to measured fluctuations of bending moments of the rotor blades and power output fluctuations of a horizontal-axis wind turbine at the same site. The wind characteristics and the correlations between wind fluctuations and wind turbine fluctuations provide a basis for improving turbine design, siting, and control. 6 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Connell, J.R.; George, R.L.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Wind Turbines Under Atmospheric Icing Conditions - Ice Accretion Modeling, Aerodynamics, and Control Strategies for Mitigating Performance Degradation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a combined engineering methodology of ice accretion, airfoil data, and rotor performance analysis of wind turbines subject to moderate atmospheric icing conditions.… (more)

Brillembourg, Dwight

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Rotor assembly and assay method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for carrying out an assay includes a rotor body which is rotatable about an axis of rotation, and has a central chamber and first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth chambers which are in communication with and radiate from the central chamber. The rotor assembly further includes a shuttle which is movable through the central chamber and insertable into any of the chambers, the shuttle including a reaction cup carrying an immobilized antigen or an antibody for transport among the chambers. A method for carrying out an assay using the rotor assembly includes moving the reaction cup among the six chambers by passing the cup through the central chamber between centrifugation steps in order to perform the steps of: separating plasma from blood cells, binding plasma antibody or antigen, washing, drying, binding enzyme conjugate, reacting with enzyme substrate and optically comparing the resulting reaction product with unreacted enzyme substrate solution. The movement of the reaction cup can be provided by attaching a magnet to the reaction cup and supplying a moving magnetic field to the rotor.

Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Rotor walks on general trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor walk on a graph is a deterministic analogue of random walk. Each vertex is equipped with a rotor, which routes the walker to the neighbouring vertices in a fixed cyclic order on successive visits. We consider rotor walk on an infinite rooted tree, restarted from the root after each escape to infinity. We prove that the limiting proportion of escapes to infinity equals the escape probability for random walk, provided only finitely many rotors send the walker initially towards the root. For i.i.d. random initial rotor directions on a regular tree, the limiting proportion of escapes is either zero or the random walk escape probability, and undergoes a discontinuous phase transition between the two as the distribution is varied. In the critical case there are no escapes, but the walker's maximum distance from the root grows doubly exponentially with the number of visits to the root. We also prove that there exist trees of bounded degree for which the proportion of escapes eventually exceeds the escape p...

Angel, Omer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Assessment of Tall Wind Tower Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technologies that enable wind turbines to capture more energy at a given site have the potential to reduce the overall cost of energy, thereby making wind power more competitive against conventional power generation. Because wind speed generally increases with height above ground, one way to increase energy capture is to elevate the rotor by means of a taller tower. To exploit this potential, a number of tall tower models are under development or have recently been introduced to the wind energy market. I...

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Power Decoupling Control for Wind Power Converter Based on a Novel Speed Sensor-Less  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doubly fed induction generators based wind turbines are today one of the most widely used generation systems in wind farms. The stator is directly connected to the constant frequency three phase grid and the rotor currents are appropriately controlled ...

Zhang Jia-ming; Fu Yang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Abstract--This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS) which involve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- This paper addresses the problem of controlling wind energy conversion systems (WECS-inverter. The goal of control is to maximize wind energy extraction and this needs letting the wind turbine rotor wind energy extraction) only for one wind speed value depending on the considered value of turbine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn. 5 figs.

Hultgren, K.G.; McLaurin, L.D.; Bertsch, O.L.; Lowe, P.E.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

195

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

SciTech Connect

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn.

Hultgren, Kent Goran (Winter Park, FL); McLaurin, Leroy Dixon (Winter Springs, FL); Bertsch, Oran Leroy (Titusville, FL); Lowe, Perry Eugene (Oviedo, FL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Rotor for centrifugal fast analyzers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an improved photometric analyzer of the rotary cuvette type, the analyzer incorporating a multicuvette rotor of novel design. The rotor (a) is leaktight, (b) permits operation in the 90/sup 0/ and 180/sup 0/ excitation modes, (c) is compatible with extensively used Centrifugal Fast Analyzers, and (d) can be used thousands of times. The rotor includes an assembly comprising a top plate, a bottom plate, and a central plate, the rim of the central plate being formed with circumferentially spaced indentations. A uv-transmitting ring is sealably affixed to the indented rim to define with the indentations an array of cuvettes. The ring serves both as a sealing means and an end window for the cuvettes.

Lee, N.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Rotor for centrifugal fast analyzers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an improved photometric analyzer of the rotary cuvette type, the analyzer incorporating a multicuvette rotor of novel design. The rotor (a) is leaktight, (b) permits operation in the 90.degree. and 180.degree. excitation modes, (c) is compatible with extensively used Centrifugal Fast Analyzers, and (d) can be used thousands of times. The rotor includes an assembly comprising a top plate, a bottom plate, and a central plate, the rim of the central plate being formed with circumferentially spaced indentations. A UV-transmitting ring is sealably affixed to the indented rim to define with the indentations an array of cuvettes. The ring serves both as a sealing means and an end window for the cuvettes.

Lee, Norman E. (Knoxville, TN)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Probabilistic analysis of meanline compressor rotor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses variability in aerodynamic performance of a compressor rotor due to geometric variation. The performance of the rotor is computed using a meanline model that includes the effect of tip clearance ...

Fitzgerald, Nathan Andrew, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) is a coordinated international project, composed of an observational field campaign and a research program, focused on the investigation of atmospheric rotors and closely related phenomena in complex ...

Vanda Grubiši?; James D. Doyle; Joachim Kuettner; Richard Dirks; Stephen A. Cohn; Laura L. Pan; Stephen Mobbs; Ronald B. Smith; C. David Whiteman; Stanley Czyzyk; Simon Vosper; Martin Weissmann; Samuel Haimov; Stephan F. J. De Wekker; Fotini Katopodes Chow

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Influence of Inversions on Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotors are small-scale circulations about a horizontal or quasi-horizontal axis that usually form in conjunction with high-amplitude mountain waves. The moderate to severe turbulence often found within rotors is a hazard to aviation. Observations ...

Rolf F. Hertenstein

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Wind turbulence characterization for wind energy development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of its support of the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Wind Energy Program, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has initiated an effort to work jointly with the wind energy community to characterize wind turbulence in a variety of complex terrains at existing or potential sites of wind turbine installation. Five turbulence characterization systems were assembled and installed at four sites in the Tehachapi Pass in California, and one in the Green Mountains near Manchester, Vermont. Data processing and analyses techniques were developed to allow observational analyses of the turbulent structure; this analysis complements the more traditional statistical and spectral analyses. Preliminary results of the observational analyses, in the rotating framework or a wind turbine blade, show that the turbulence at a site can have two major components: (1) engulfing eddies larger than the rotor, and (2) fluctuating shear due to eddies smaller than the rotor disk. Comparison of the time series depicting these quantities at two sites showed that the turbulence intensity (the commonly used descriptor of turbulence) did not adequately characterize the turbulence at these sites. 9 refs., 10 figs.,

Wendell, L.L.; Gower, G.L.; Morris, V.R.; Tomich, S.D.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The fractional symmetric rigid rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the Riemann fractional derivative the Casimir operators and multipletts for the fractional extension of the rotation group SO(n) are calculated algebraically. The spectrum of the corresponding fractional symmetric rigid rotor is discussed. It is shown, that the rotational, vibrational and $\\gamma$-unstable limits of the standard geometric collective models are particular limits of this spectrum. A comparison with the ground state band spectra of nuclei shows an agreement with experimental data better than 2%. The derived results indicate, that the fractional symmetric rigid rotor is an appropriate tool for a description of low energy nuclear excitations.

Richard Herrmann

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

203

Dielectric anomaly in coupled rotor systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The correlated dynamics of coupled quantum rotors carrying electric dipole moment is theoretically investigated. The energy spectra of coupled rotors as a function of dipolar interaction energy is analytically solved. The calculated dielectric susceptibilities of the system show the peculiar temperature dependence different from that of isolated rotors.

Hiroyuki Shima; Tsuneyoshi Nakayama

2004-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

204

Filter type rotor for multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter type rotor for a multistation photometer is provided. The rotor design combines the principle of cross-flow filtration with centrifugal sedimentation so that these occur simultaneously as a first stage of processing for suspension type fluids in an analytical type instrument. The rotor is particularly useful in whole-blood analysis.

Shumate, II, Starling E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November 23, 2011 - 1:43pm Addthis Wind turbine prices in the United States have declined, on average, by nearly one-third since 2008, after doubling from 2002 through 2008. Over this entire period, the average nameplate capacity rating, hub height, and rotor swept area of turbines installed in the United States have increased significantly, while other design improvements have also boosted turbine energy production. In combination, these various trends have had a significant-and sometimes surprising-impact on the levelized cost of energy delivered by wind projects. This webinar will feature three related presentations that explore these

206

Mixer-Ejector Wind Turbine: Breakthrough High Efficiency Shrouded Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: FloDesign Wind Turbine’s innovative wind turbine, inspired by the design of jet engines, could deliver 300% more power than existing wind turbines of the same rotor diameter by extracting more energy over a larger area. FloDesign Wind Turbine’s unique shrouded design expands the wind capture area, and the mixing vortex downstream allows more energy to flow through the rotor without stalling the turbine. The unique rotor and shrouded design also provide significant opportunity for mass production and simplified assembly, enabling mid-scale turbines (approximately 100 kW) to produce power at a cost that is comparable to larger-scale conventional turbines.

None

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

207

Doubly-fed induction generator used in wind energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wound-rotor induction generator has numerous advantages in wind power generation over other generators. One scheme for wound-rotor induction generator is realized when a converter cascade is used between the slip-ring terminals and the utility grid to ...

Hany M. Jabr Soloumah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power. U.S. Patent No.: 7,044,718 (DOE S-100,626) Patent Application Filing Date: July 8, 2003 Patent Issue Date: May 16, 2006 Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). View terms and a sample license agreement.

209

LIDAR wind speed measurements of evolving wind fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed Taylor’s frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor’s hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution is applied to a frozen wind field used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. Simulation results show the combined effects of LIDAR errors and wind evolution for realistic turbine-mounted LIDAR measurement scenarios. Nomenclature a decay parameter for exponential coherence al decrement parameter for transverse coherence (l ? {u, v, w}) bl offset parameter for transverse coherence (l ? {u, v, w}) D longitudinal distance between two points or measurement preview distance F focal distance f frequency (Hz) ? LIDAR measurement angle off of longitudinal direction k wind velocity wavenumber (m?1) ? wavelength (m) R range along LIDAR beam r scan radius for spinning LIDAR scenario ri,j distance between two points in the yz plane U mean wind speed (m/s) ?i,j average mean wind speed between two points in the yz plane ? azimuth angle in the rotor plane ?2 xy(f) Coherence between signals x and y

Eric Simley; Lucy Y. Pao; Neil Kelley; Bonnie Jonkman; Rod Frehlich

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

IMPLEMENTATION OF WIND TURBINE CONTROLLERS W.E.Leithead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPLEMENTATION OF WIND TURBINE CONTROLLERS D.J.Leith W.E.Leithead Department of Electronic-speed wind turbines are considered, namely, (1) accommodation of the strongly nonlinear rotor aerodynamics derived and extended to cater for all wind turbine configurations. A rigorous stability analysis

Duffy, Ken

211

Design and fabrication of a composite wind turbine blade  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design considerations leading to the innovative combination of materials used for the MOD-I wind turbine generator rotor and the fabrication processes which were required to accomplish it.

Brown, R.A. (Boeing Engineering and Construction, Seattle, WA); Haley, R.G.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Modelling the aerodynamics of vertical-axis wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The current generation of wind turbines that are being deployed around the world features, almost exclusively, a three-bladed rotor with a horizontal-axis configuration. In recent… (more)

Scheurich, Frank

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Passive aeroelastic tailoring of wind turbine blades : a numerical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research aims to have an impact towards a sustainable energy supply. In wind power generation losses occur at tip speed ratios which the rotor was not designed for. Since the ideal blade shape changes nonlinearly with ...

Deilmann, Christian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Initial-Condition Sensitivities and the Predictability of Downslope Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of downslope wind forecasts to small changes in initial conditions is explored by using 70-member ensemble simulations of two prototypical windstorms observed during the Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX). The 10 weakest and ...

Patrick A. Reinecke; Dale R. Durran

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

NREL Collaborates with SWAY on Offshore Wind Demonstration (Fact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SWAY hopes these data will validate its design for a 10-megawatt floating offshore wind turbine. The SWAY one-fifth scale prototype has a 13-meter (m) downwind rotor on a 29-m...

216

Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition BL3.199 Wake Modelling for intermediate and large wind farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 1 BL3.199 Wake Modelling for intermediate and large wind farms Ole Rathmann1, 3 , Sten Frandsen1 , and Rebecca Barthelmie2, 1 1 Wind Energy to after the rotor) AT . #12;Paper BL3.199 EWEC 2007 Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 2 Figure 1

217

Development and Validation of an Aeroelastic Model of a Small Furling Wind Turbine: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Small wind turbines often use some form of furling (yawing and/or tilting out of the wind) to protect against excessive power generation and rotor speeds in high winds.The verification study demonstrated the correct implementation of FAST's furling dynamics. During validation, the model tends to predict mean rotor speeds higher than measured in spite of the fact that the mean furl motion and rotor thrust are predicted quite accurately. This work has culminated with an enhanced version of FAST that should prove to be a valuable asset to designers of small wind turbines.

Jonkman, J. M.; Hansen, A. C.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Rotor walks and Markov chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor walk is a derandomized version of the random walk on a graph. On successive visits to any given vertex, the walker is routed to each of the neighboring vertices in some fixed cyclic order, rather than to a random sequence of neighbors. The concept generalizes naturally to countable Markov chains. Subject to general conditions, we prove that many natural quantities associated with the rotor walk (including normalized hitting frequencies, hitting times and occupation frequencies) concentrate around their expected values for the random walk. Furthermore, the concentration is stronger than that associated with repeated runs of the random walk; the discrepancy is at most C/n after n runs (for an explicit constant C), rather than c / ? n. 1

Alexander E. Holroyd; James Propp

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Rotor Walks and Markov Chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor walk is a derandomized version of the random walk on a graph. On successive visits to any given vertex, the walker is routed to each of the neighboring vertices in some fixed cyclic order, rather than to a random sequence of neighbors. The concept generalizes naturally to Markov chains on a countable state space. Subject to general conditions, we prove that many natural quantities associated with the rotor walk (including normalized hitting frequencies, hitting times and occupation frequencies) concentrate around their expected values for the random walk. Furthermore, the concentration is stronger than that associated with repeated runs of the random walk, with discrepancy at most C/n after n runs (for an explicit constant C), rather than constant/sqrt n.

Holroyd, Alexander E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Utilization of Wind Energy at High Altitude  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current designs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1. Large power production capacity per unit - up to 5,000-10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2. The rotor operates at high altitude of 1-14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3. Installation cost per unit energy is low. 4. The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise). -- * Presented in International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference at Providence., RI, Aug. 16-19. 2004. AIAA-2004-5705. USA. Keyword: wind energy, cable energy transmission, utilization of wind energy at high altitude, air rotor, windmills, Bolonkin.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Rotor blades for turbine engines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tip shroud that includes a plurality of damping fins, each damping fin including a substantially non-radially-aligned surface that is configured to make contact with a tip shroud of a neighboring rotor blade. At least one damping fin may include a leading edge damping fin and at least one damping fin may include a trailing edge damping fin. The leading edge damping fin may be configured to correspond to the trailing edge damping fin.

Piersall, Matthew R; Potter, Brian D

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

222

Effects of blade configurations on flow distribution and power output of a Zephyr vertical axis wind turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations with FLUENT software were conducted to investigate the fluid flow through a novel vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). Simulation of flow through the turbine rotor was performed with the aim of predicting the performance characteristics ... Keywords: blade configuration, power output, rotor, simulation, vertical axis wind turbine

J. O. Ajedegba; G. F. Naterer; M. A. Rosen; E. Tsang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Note on Rotor-Router Aggregation on the Comb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a shape theorem for rotor-router aggregation on the comb, for a specific initial rotor configuration and clockwise rotor sequence for all vertices. Furthermore, as an application of rotor-router walks, we describe the harmonic measure for the limiting shape of rotor-router aggregation, which is useful in the study of other growth models on the comb.

Huss, Wilfried

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Analysis of Wind Speed Measurements using Continuous Wave LIDAR for Wind Turbine Control ?†  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurate the incoming wind field can be measured. This study examines the accuracy of different measurement scenarios that rely on coherent continuouswave Doppler LIDAR systems to determine their applicability to feedforward control. In particular, the impacts of measurement range and angular offset from the wind direction are studied for various wind conditions. A realistic case involving a scanning LIDAR unit mounted in the spinner of a wind turbine is studied in depth, with emphasis on choices for scan radius and preview distance. The effects of turbulence parameters on measurement accuracy are studied as well. Nomenclature d measurement preview distance F focal distance k wind velocity wavenumber (m?1) r scan radius for spinning LIDAR RMS root mean square ?u standard deviation of u component of wind velocity TI turbulence intensity ? LIDAR measurement angle ? mean u wind speed u ? friction velocity U ? D average friction velocity over rotor disk ? angle between laser and wind velocity vector ? angle in the rotor plane ? rotational rate of spinning LIDAR

Eric Simley; Lucy Y. Pao; Rod Frehlich; Bonnie Jonkman; Neil Kelley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Sensorless Adaptive Output Feedback Control of Wind Energy Systems with PMS Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sensorless Adaptive Output Feedback Control of Wind Energy Systems with PMS Generators A. El the problem of controlling wind energy conversion (WEC) systems involving permanent magnet synchronous is to maximize wind energy extraction which cannot be achieved without letting the wind turbine rotor operate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

Gas Turbine Rotor Life: Material Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine rotor materials are subject to degradation from prolonged hours and multiple start/stop cycles of operation. Periodically, plant operators disassemble the compressor and turbine sections of the rotor system and inspect the components for signs of creep, embrittlement, corrosion, thermal fatigue, and high- and low-cycle fatigue. Beyond limited rotor inspections performed during hot gas path inspections and major overhauls, a more thorough inspection is often required by the equipment ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

Gas Turbine Rotor Life Assessment Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine rotor materials are subject to degradation from prolonged hours and multiple start/stop cycles of operation. Periodically, plant operators disassemble the compressor and turbine sections of the rotor system and inspect the components for signs of creep, embrittlement, corrosion, thermal fatigue, and high- and low-cycle fatigue. Beyond limited rotor inspections performed during hot gas path inspections and major overhauls, a more thorough inspection is often required by the equipment manufactu...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

228

Design of plywood and paper flywheel rotors  

SciTech Connect

Technical and economic design factors of cellulosic rotors are compared with conventional materials for stationaly flywheel energy storage systems. Wood species, operation in a vacuum, assembly and costs of plywood rotors are evaluated. Wound kraft paper, twine and veneer rotors are examined. Plywood moisture equilibration during manufacture and assembly is critical. Disk shaping and rotor assembly are described. Potential self-centering dynamic balancing methods and equipment are described. High resolution tensile tests were performed while monitoring the acoustic emissions. Reasonable correlations exist between the instantaneous sample stiffness during the test and the accumulated acoustic energy released in fracture of the sample. They indicate promise for short term monitoring of damage during tensile tests. Preliminary duration of load tests were performed on vacuum dried hexagonal Birch plywood. Dynamic and static rotor-hub fatigue equipment were designed. Moisture loss rates while vacuum drying plywood cylinders were measured, and the radial and axial diffusion coefficients were evaluated. Diffusion coefficients of epoxy coated plywood cylinders were also obtained. Economics of cellulosic and conventional rotors were examined. Plywood rotor manufacturing costs were evaluated. The optimum economic shape for laminated rotors is shown to be cylindrical. Vacuum container costs are parametrically derived and based on material properties and costs. Containment costs are significant and are included in comparisons. The optimum design stress and wound rotor configuration are calculated for 17 examples. Plywood rotors appear to be marginally competitive with steel hose wire or E-glass rotors. High performance oriented draft paper rotors potentially provide the lowest energy storage costs in stationary systems.

Hagen, D.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Negative Sequence Effects on Generator Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main generator rotors are constructed and designed to provide decades of reliable and trouble-free operation. However, a number of negative sequence and motoring incidences have occurred over the years that can adversely impact reliable operation of generator rotors and, ultimately, production of electrical power. Severe overheating leads to rotor material changes, such as steel hardness, and may if not detected, ultimately lead to catastrophic failure. This report discusses the effects of severe negativ...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

230

Optical Control of a Quantum Rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility to coherently control a quantum rotor is investigated theoretically. The rotor is realized by an antiferromagnetic spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate, trapped in the optical field of a Fabry-Perot resonator. By tuning the pumping field of the resonator, coherent control over the rotor is achieved. The technique is illustrated by the numerical simulation of a protocol that transforms the rotor's ground state into a squeezed state. The detection of the squeezed state via measurement of intensity-correlations of the cavity field is proposed.

Lukas F. Buchmann; H. Jing; C. Raman; P. Meystre

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

231

Rotor interaction in the annulus billiard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing the rotor interaction in the integrable system of the annulus billiard produces a variety of dynamical phenomena, from integrability to ergodicity.

Péter Bálint; Serge Troubetzkoy

2004-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

232

BISTABLE DEVICES FOR MORPHING ROTOR BLADES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents two bistable concepts for morphing rotor blades. These concepts are simple and are composed of bistable devices that act as coupling structures… (more)

Johnson, Terrence

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

On the Optimization of Composite Flywheel Rotors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy storing flywheel rotor technology has yet to be fully optimized given the design possibilities. There have been many design approaches that have been published… (more)

Ross, Jacob

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Intense Lee-Wave Rotor Event of Sierra Rotors IOP 8  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large-amplitude lee-wave rotor event observationally documented during Sierra Rotors Project Intensive Observing Period (IOP) 8 on 24–26 March 2004 in the lee of the southern Sierra Nevada is examined. Mountain waves and rotors occurred over ...

Vanda Grubiši?; Brian J. Billings

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

NREL: Wind Research - Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Mariah Power's Windspire wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Mariah Power's Windspire Giromill small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) through January 14, 2009 when NREL terminated its testing. Read a chronology of events and letter from Mariah Power to NREL. The Windspire is a 1.2-kilowatt (kW) vertical-axis small wind turbine. The turbine tower is 9.1 meters tall, and its rotor area is 1.2 by 6.1 meters. The turbine has a permanent-magnet generator with a single-phase output at 120 volts AC. Testing Summary Testing was terminated January 14, 2009. Published test reports include

236

NREL: Wind Research - SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results The SWIFT wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing the SWIFT small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The competitive grant was awarded to Cascade Engineering. The SWIFT is a 1-kilowatt (kW), five-bladed with outer ring, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 2 meters, and its hub height is 13.72 meters. The SWIFT uses a single-phase permanent-magnet generator rated at 1 kW grid connected through an inverter at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data provided in this table will be provided in the final reports. Data presented are preliminary and subject

237

FINAL REPORT START-UP AND COMMISSIONING TESTS ON THE DURAMELTER 1200 HLW PILOT MELTER SYSTEM USING AZ-101 HLW SIMULANTS VSL-01R0100-2 REV 0 1/20/03  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides the final report on data and results obtained from commissioning tests performed on the one-third scale DuraMelter{trademark} 1200 (DM 1200) HLW Pilot Melter system that has been installed at VSL with an integrated prototypical off-gas treatment system. That system has replaced the DM1000 system that was used for HLW throughput testing during Part BI [1]. Both melters have similar melt surface areas (1.2 m{sup 2}) but the DM1200 is prototypical of the present RPP-WTP HLW melter design whereas the DM1000 was not. These tests were performed under a corresponding RPP-WTP Test Specification and associated Test Plan. This report is a followup to the previously issued Preliminary Data Summary Report. The DM1200 system will be used for testing and confirmation of basic design, operability, flow sheet, and process control assumptions as well as for support of waste form qualification and permitting. This will include data on processing rates, off-gas treatment system performance, recycle stream compositions, as well as process operability and reliability. Consequently, this system is a key component of the overall HLW vitrification development strategy. The results presented in this report are from the initial series of short-duration tests that were conducted to support the start-up and commissioning of this system prior to conducting the main body of development tests that have been planned for this system. These tests were directed primarily at system 'debugging,' operator training, and procedure refinement. The AZ-101 waste simulant and glass composition that was used for previous testing was selected for these tests.

KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS; KOT WK; BRANDYS M; WILSON CN; SCHATZ TR; GONG W; PEGG IL

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

238

Method for manufacturing a rotor having superconducting coils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for manufacturing a rotor for use with a rotating machine is provided that employs a superconducting coil on the rotor. An adhesive is applied to an outer surface of the rotor body, which may include a groove disposed within an outer surface of the rotor body. A superconducting coil is then mounted onto the rotor body such that the adhesive bonds the superconducting coil to the rotor body.

Driscoll, David I. (South Euclid, OH); Shoykhet, Boris A. (Beachwood, OH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Steam Turbine Rotor Life Assessment and Extension: Evaluation of Retired Rotors: Volume 2: Mechanical Properties of Service-Exposed Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Informed run/retire decisions on high and intermediate pressure (HP/IP) rotors require mechanical property data on service-exposed material. This report presents a comprehensive set of mechanical property data, including creep and creep-fatigue crack growth, on a 1950 vintage CrMoV HP/IP rotor retired after more than 160,000 hours of service.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed Taylor's frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution is applied to a frozen wind field used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements are also evaluated with a large eddy simulation of a stable boundary layer provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Simulation results show the combined effects of LIDAR errors and wind evolution for realistic turbine-mounted LIDAR measurement scenarios.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

SciTech Connect

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed Taylor's frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution is applied to a frozen wind field used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements are also evaluated with a large eddy simulation of a stable boundary layer provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Simulation results show the combined effects of LIDAR errors and wind evolution for realistic turbine-mounted LIDAR measurement scenarios.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Extension-Twist Coupling Optimization in Composite Rotor Blades .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For optimal rotor performance in a tiltrotor aircraft the difference in the inflow and the rotor speeds between the hover and cruise flight modes suggests… (more)

Ozbay, Serkan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Signature splitting in $^{173}$W with triaxial particle rotor model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A particle rotor model with a quasi-neutron coupled with a triaxially deformed rotor is applied to study signature splitting for bands with intruder orbital $\

B. Qi; S. Q. Zhang; S. Y. Wang; J. Meng

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Signature splitting in $^{173}$W with triaxial particle rotor model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A particle rotor model with a quasi-neutron coupled with a triaxially deformed rotor is applied to study signature splitting for bands with intruder orbital $\

Qi, B; Wang, S Y; Meng, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Multiple piece turbine rotor blade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple piece turbine rotor blade with a shell having an airfoil shape and secured between a spar and a platform with the spar including a tip end piece. a snap ring fits around the spar and abuts against the spar tip end piece on a top side and abuts against a shell on the bottom side so that the centrifugal loads from the shell is passed through the snap ring and into the spar and not through a tip cap dovetail slot and projection structure.

Jones, Russell B; Fedock, John A

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

246

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

247

Radial-radial single rotor turbine  

SciTech Connect

A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

248

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

249

Using time-frequency and wavelet analysis to assess turbulence/rotor interactions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Large loading events on wind turbine rotor blades are often associated with transient bursts of coherent turbulent energy in the turbine inflow. These coherent turbulent structures are identified as peaks in the three-dimensional, instantaneous, turbulent shearing stress field. Such organized inflow structures and the accompanying rotor aeroelastic responses typically have time scales of only a few seconds and therefore do not lend themselves for analysis by conventional Fourier spectral techniques. Time-frequency analysis (and wavelet analysis in particular) offers the ability to more closely study the spectral decomposition of short period events such as the interaction of coherent turbulence with a moving rotor blade. In this paper, the authors discuss the initial progress in the application of time-frequency analysis techniques to the decomposition and interpretation of turbulence/rotor interaction. The authors discuss the results of applying both the continuous and discrete wavelet transforms for their application. Several examples are given of the techniques applied to both observed turbulence and turbine responses and those generated using numerical simulations. They found that the presence of coherent turbulent structures, as revealed by the inflow Reynolds stress field, is a major contributor to large load excursions. These bursts of coherent turbulent energy induce a broadband aeroelastic response in the turbine rotor as it passes through them.

Kelley, N.D.; Osgood, R.M.; Bialasiewicz, J.T.; Jakubowski, A.

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

250

Wind turbine generators having wind assisted cooling systems and cooling methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind generator includes: a nacelle; a hub carried by the nacelle and including at least a pair of wind turbine blades; and an electricity producing generator including a stator and a rotor carried by the nacelle. The rotor is connected to the hub and rotatable in response to wind acting on the blades to rotate the rotor relative to the stator to generate electricity. A cooling system is carried by the nacelle and includes at least one ambient air inlet port opening through a surface of the nacelle downstream of the hub and blades, and a duct for flowing air from the inlet port in a generally upstream direction toward the hub and in cooling relation to the stator.

Bagepalli, Bharat (Niskayuna, NY); Barnes, Gary R. (Delanson, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha D. (Rexford, NY); Jansen, Patrick L. (Scotia, NY); Bouchard, Jr., Charles G. (Schenectady, NY); Jarczynski, Emil D. (Scotia, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Cambridge, MA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

251

NREL: Wind Research - Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. A video of Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The ARE 442 is a 10-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. It has a hub height of 30.9 meters and a rotor diameter of 7.2 meters. The turbine has a single-phase permanent-magnet generator that operates at variable voltages up to 410 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports.

252

Steady and Periodic Pressure Measurements on a Generic Helicopter Fuselage Model in the Presence of a Rotor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wind tunnel test of a generic helicopter fuselage model with an independently mounted rotor has been conducted to obtain steady and periodic pressure data on the helicopter body. The model was tested at four advance ratios and three thrust coefficients. ...

Mineck Raymond E.; Gorton Susan Althoff

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Flywheel rotor and containment technology development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goals of the project are: to develop an economical and practical composite flywheel having an energy density of 88 Wh/kg at failure, an operational energy density of 44 to 55 Wh/kg, and an energy storage capacity of approximately 1 kWh; to determine the suitability of various manufacturing processes for low-cost rotor fabrication; to investigate flywheel and flywheel-systems dynamics; to test and evaluate prototype rotors for use in transportation and stationary applications; and to develop a fail-safe, lightweight, and low-cost flywheel containment. The following tasks have been accomplished: evaluation and selection of 1-kWh, first-generation, advanced flywheel rotor designs for subsequent development towards the DOE-established energy density goal of 88 Wh/kg at burst; completion of an advanced design concept for a flywheel primary containment structure, capable of containing the failure of a 1-kWh flywheel rotor and targeted for vehicular applications; non-destructive inspection and burst testing of approximately twenty (20) prototype rotors, and initiation of cyclic testing; completion of various activities in the areas of rotor manufacturing processes, dynamic analyses and composite materials design data generation; and initiation of an economic feasibility study to establish a rational costing methodology for composite rotors and containment.

Kulkarni, S.V.

1981-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fuzzy Estimation of DC Motor Winding Currents Innovatia Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in motion, keeping 90 ahead of the rotor °ux. The sta- permanent magnet synchronous motors. It is shown tor. The electrical windings of permanent magnet syn- The motor's winding currents are generally shaped chronous °uxes are experimental data from a motor and ¯ne-tune the aligned, the magnetic ¯elds are in equilibrium

Simon, Dan

255

Understanding Inertial and Frequency Response of Wind Power Plants: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to analyze and quantify the inertia and frequency responses of wind power plants with different wind turbine technologies (particularly those of fixed speed, variable slip with rotor-resistance controls, and variable speed with vector controls).

Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.; Singh, M.; Santoso, S.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Wind turbine generator with improved operating subassemblies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine includes a yaw spring return assembly to return the nacelle from a position to which it has been rotated by yawing forces, thus preventing excessive twisting of the power cables and control cables. It also includes negative coning restrainers to limit the bending of the flexible arms of the rotor towards the tower, and stop means on the rotor shaft to orient the blades in a vertical position during periods when the unit is upwind when the wind commences. A pendulum pitch control mechanism is improved by orienting the pivot axis for the pendulum arm at an angle to the longitudinal axis of its support arm, and excessive creep is of the synthetic resin flexible beam support for the blades is prevented by a restraining cable which limits the extent of pivoting of the pendulum during normal operation but which will permit further pivoting under abnormal conditions to cause the rotor to stall.

Cheney, Jr., Marvin C. (24 Stonepost Rd., Glastonbury, CT 06033)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

A reduced Blade-Vortex Interaction rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research work aims at mapping the BVI azimuthal locations using a model rotor. A model rotor was first developed. An experimental investigation was then carried out to determine the possible BVI locations. The results of the mapping are presented. A qualitative discussion about the nature of the pressure signals obtained is presented. An attempt is made to reduce the BVI strengths using an innovative blade tip device. The results for the rotor with the tip device installed are compared with the results obtained without the tip device installed. The comparisons show the tip device to be fairly effective in reducing the strength of the BVI.

Mani, Somnath

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Antiferromagnetic spinor condensates are quantum rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We establish a theoretical correspondence between spin-one antiferromagnetic spinor condensates in an external magnetic field and quantum rotor models in an external potential. We show that the rotor model provides a conceptually clear picture of the possible phases and dynamical regimes of the antiferromagnetic condensate. We also show that this mapping simplifies calculations of the condensate's spectrum and wave functions. We use the rotor mapping to describe the different dynamical regimes recently observed in {sup 23}Na condensates [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 125301 (2009); Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 225301 (2009)]. We also suggest a way to experimentally observe quantum-mechanical effects (collapse and revival) in spinor condensates.

Barnett, Ryan; Sau, Jay D.; Das Sarma, S. [Joint Quantum Institute and Condensed Matter Theory Center, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-4111 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Load attenuating passively adaptive wind turbine blade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for improving wind turbine performance by alleviating loads and controlling the rotor. The invention employs the use of a passively adaptive blade that senses the wind velocity or rotational speed, and accordingly modifies its aerodynamic configuration. The invention exploits the load mitigation prospects of a blade that twists toward feather as it bends. The invention includes passively adaptive wind turbine rotors or blades with currently preferred power control features. The apparatus is a composite fiber horizontal axis wind-turbine blade, in which a substantial majority of fibers in the blade skin are inclined at angles of between 15 and 30 degrees to the axis of the blade, to produces passive adaptive aeroelastic tailoring (bend-twist coupling) to alleviate loading without unduly jeopardizing performance.

Veers, Paul S. (Albuquerque, NM); Lobitz, Donald W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Amplitude modulation of wind turbine noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to swish and thump amplitude modulation, the noise of wind turbines cause more annoyance than other environmental noise of the same average level. The wind shear accounts for the thump modulation (van den Berg effect). Making use of the wind speed measurements at the hub height, as well as at the top and the bottom of the rotor disc (Fig.1), the non-standard wind profile is applied. It causes variations in the A-weighted sound pressure level, LpA. The difference between the maximum and minimum of LpA characterizes thump modulation (Fig.2).

Makarewicz, Rufin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Lightning protection system for a wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a wind turbine (104, 500, 704) having a plurality of blades (132, 404, 516, 744) and a blade rotor hub (120, 712), a lightning protection system (100, 504, 700) for conducting lightning strikes to any one of the blades and the region surrounding the blade hub along a path around the blade hub and critical components of the wind turbine, such as the generator (112, 716), gearbox (708) and main turbine bearings (176, 724).

Costin, Daniel P. (Chelsea, VT); Petter, Jeffrey K. (Williston, VT)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

262

Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless ...  

A radial gap brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34) also has at least one stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a ...

263

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism is described to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0{degree} to 90{degree} to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles. 2 figs.

Groves, S.E.; Deteresa, S.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

264

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A carbon nanotube bearing and Stodola rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nano-scale rotor supported on a cantilevered multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) shaft (Stodola configuration) is proposed. The nanotube is also expected to function as the bearing, since individual walls of a MWNT are not ...

Cook, Eugene Hightower

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Impact of wind generators on the stability of power system network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the impacts of wind generators on the transient stability of a small power system. Two types of wind generators are considered, a fixed speed and variable speed induction generators. The behavior of synchronous generator's rotor ... Keywords: distributed generators, fixed and variable speed wind generators, transient stability

K. A. Folly; K. Tjiuma

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Remote sensing the wind using Lidars and Sodars Ioannis Antoniou (1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing the wind using Lidars and Sodars Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Mike Courtney(1) , Hans E in increased hub heights and increased rotor diameters, thus making remote sensing an important issue for wind energy applications. Remote sensing techniques offer the ability to determine wind speed and direction

268

Investigation of diffuser-augmented wind turbines. Part II. Technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Information on diffuser-augmented wind turbines is presented concerning the development of efficient and compact diffusers, economic analysis, and analytical demonstration of two-stage constant speed rotor concepts.

Oman, R.A.; Foreman, K.M.; Gilbert, B.L.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Model of the Correlation between Lidar Systems and Wind Turbines for Lidar Assisted Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investigations of lidar-assisted control to optimize the energy yield and to reduce loads of wind turbines have increased significantly in recent years. For this kind of control it is crucial to know the correlation between the rotor effective ...

David Schlipf; Po Wen Cheng; Jakob Mann

270

Challenges in Simulation of Aerodynamics, Hydrodynamics, and Mooring-Line Dynamics of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the current major modeling challenges for floating offshore wind turbine design tools and describes aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects due to rotor and platform motions and usage of non-slender support structures.

Matha, D.; Schlipf, M.; Cordle, A.; Pereira, R.; Jonkman, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Alternative Design Study Report: WindPACT Advanced Wind Turbine Drive Train Designs Study; November 1, 2000 -- February 28, 2002  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the Phase I results of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) WindPACT (Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies) Advanced Wind Turbine Drive Train Designs Study. Global Energy Concepts, LLC performed this work under a subcontract with NREL. The purpose of the WindPACT project is to identify technology improvements that will enable the cost of energy (COE) from wind turbines to be reduced. Other parts of the WindPACT project have examined blade and logistics scaling, balance-of-station costs, and rotor design. This study was designed to investigate innovative drive train designs.

Poore, R.; Lettenmaier, T.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Method for changing removable bearing for a wind turbine generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind generator having removable change-out bearings includes a rotor and a stator, locking bolts configured to lock the rotor and stator, a removable bearing sub-assembly having at least one shrunk-on bearing installed, and removable mounting bolts configured to engage the bearing sub-assembly and to allow the removable bearing sub-assembly to be removed when the removable mounting bolts are removed.

Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY), Gadre; Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY)

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Wind Turbine Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbine Basics Turbine Basics Wind Turbine Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:58pm Addthis Energy 101: Wind Turbines Basics This video explains the basics of how wind turbines operate to produce clean power from an abundant, renewable resource-the wind. Text Version Wind turbine assembly Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal Axis Turbines Horizontal axis turbines are the most common turbine configuration used today. They consist of a tall tower, atop which sits a fan-like rotor that faces into or away from the wind, a generator, a controller, and other components. Most horizontal axis turbines built today are two- or three-bladed. Horizontal axis turbines sit high atop towers to take advantage of the

274

Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Economics: Past, Present, Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends Wind Powering America Webinar: Wind Power Economics: Past, Present, and Future Trends November 23, 2011 - 1:43pm Addthis Wind turbine prices in the United States have declined, on average, by nearly one-third since 2008, after doubling from 2002 through 2008. Over this entire period, the average nameplate capacity rating, hub height, and rotor swept area of turbines installed in the United States have increased significantly, while other design improvements have also boosted turbine energy production. In combination, these various trends have had a significant-and sometimes surprising-impact on the levelized cost of energy delivered by wind projects. This webinar will feature three related presentations that explore these

275

Chapter 14: Wind Turbine Control Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbines are complex, nonlinear, dynamic systems forced by gravity, stochastic wind disturbances, and gravitational, centrifugal, and gyroscopic loads. The aerodynamic behavior of wind turbines is nonlinear, unsteady, and complex. Turbine rotors are subjected to a complicated three-dimensional turbulent wind inflow field that drives fatigue loading. Wind turbine modeling is also complex and challenging. Accurate models must contain many degrees of freedom (DOF) to capture the most important dynamic effects. The rotation of the rotor adds complexity to the dynamics modeling. Designs of control algorithms for wind turbines must account for these complexities. Algorithms must capture the most important turbine dynamics without being too complex and unwieldy. Off-the-shelf commercial soft ware is seldom adequate for wind turbine dynamics modeling. Instead, specialized dynamic simulation codes are usually required to model all the important nonlinear effects. As illustrated in Figure 14-1, a wind turbine control system consists of sensors, actuators and a system that ties these elements together. A hardware or software system processes input signals from the sensors and generates output signals for actuators. The main goal of the controller is to modify the operating states of the turbine to maintain safe turbine operation, maximize power, mitigate damaging fatigue loads, and detect fault conditions. A supervisory control system starts and stops the machine, yaws the turbine when there is a significant yaw misalignment, detects fault conditions, and performs emergency shut-downs. Other parts of the controller are intended to maximize power and reduce loads during normal turbine operation.

Wright, A. D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

User`s Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

User's Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP). [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user's guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Voith High Efficiency HM Rotor Energy Data, A Repulper Rotor Design Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently completed demonstration project, funded partly by the Wisconsin Focus on Energy program and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, shows the effectiveness of an energy efficient repulper rotor design compared with that of a conventional rotor. We conducted a demonstration to measure the performance and energy consumption of the energy efficient virgin pulp repulper of Wausau Paper in Rhinelander, Wisconsin. This paper describes the demonstration setting, shows the analysis, and discusses the results. Careful monitoring of the batch repulping operation gave us a very good picture of the energy savings. We monitored the energy use and impact on pulp quality under the following three conditions: 1. The existing conventional repulping blade (HOG rotor) 2. A new conventional repulping blade of the same style (spare HOG rotor) 3. A new energy efficient repulping blade (HM rotor) The HM rotor, a tall, swept-back blade design, has been engineered to provide effective turbulence of the fiber suspension and maximum rotor-fiber contact while consuming low horsepower.

Aue, J.; Fineran, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

MHK Technologies/Wave Rotor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotor Rotor < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Rotor.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ecofys Subsidiary of Econcern Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/C Energy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The Wave Rotor uses a combined Darrieus-Wells rotor, which is contained on the same vertical axis of rotation. These are respectively omni- and bi-directional rotors that can operate in currents of changing directions. The Wave Rotor is mounted on a platform to allow for the capture of wave energy from circulating water particles created by local currents. Since it uses two types of rotor on a single axis of rotation it is able to convert not only tidal currents, but also waves into electricity.

280

Evaluation of Temper Embrittlement in Turbine Rotor Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess the integrity of in-service steam turbine rotors, utilities need to know their current toughness. This report presents a procedure for nondestructively estimating toughness on the basis of the chemical composition of the rotor steel.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between direct operating cost and departure noise annoyance was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt rotor aircraft designs to meet various ...

Faulkner, Henry B.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Survey of techniques for reduction of wind turbine blade trailing edge noise.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Aerodynamic noise from wind turbine rotors leads to constraints in both rotor design and turbine siting. The primary source of aerodynamic noise on wind turbine rotors is the interaction of turbulent boundary layers on the blades with the blade trailing edges. This report surveys concepts that have been proposed for trailing edge noise reduction, with emphasis on concepts that have been tested at either sub-scale or full-scale. These concepts include trailing edge serrations, low-noise airfoil designs, trailing edge brushes, and porous trailing edges. The demonstrated noise reductions of these concepts are cited, along with their impacts on aerodynamic performance. An assessment is made of future research opportunities in trailing edge noise reduction for wind turbine rotors.

Barone, Matthew Franklin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Rotor Design and Process Optimization for Rotary Inert Dgeasser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Advances in Metal Casting Technologies. Presentation Title, Rotor Design and ...

284

Encoding many qubits in a rotor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for encoding many qubits in a single rotor, that is, a continuous and periodic degree of freedom. A key feature of this scheme is its ability to manipulate and entangle the encoded qubits with a single operation on the system. We also show, using quantum error-correcting codes, how to protect the qubits against small errors in angular position and momentum which may affect the rotor. We then discuss the feasibility of this scheme and suggest several candidates for its implementation. The proposed scheme is immediately generalizable to qudits of any finite dimension.

Raynal, Philippe; Kalev, Amir [Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, 117543 (Singapore); Suzuki, Jun [National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8430 (Japan); Englert, Berthold-Georg [Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 2, 117543 (Singapore); Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, 117542 (Singapore)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Encoding many qubits in a rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for encoding many qubits in a single rotor, that is, a continuous and periodic degree of freedom. A key feature of this scheme is its ability to manipulate and entangle the encoded qubits with a single operation on the system. We also show, using quantum error-correcting codes, how to protect the qubits against small errors in angular position and momentum which may affect the rotor. We then discuss the feasibility of this scheme and suggest several candidates for its implementation. The proposed scheme is immediately generalizable to qudits of any finite dimension.

Kalev, Amir; Suzuki, Jun; Englert, Berthold-Georg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Kicked rotor quantum resonances in position space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach of the kicked rotor quantum resonances in position-space, based on its analogy with the optical Talbot effect. This approach leads to a very simple picture of the physical mechanism underlying the dynamics and to analytical expressions for relevant physical quantities, such as mean momentum or kinetic energy. The ballistic behavior, which is closely associated to quantum resonances, is analyzed and shown to emerge from a coherent adding of successive kicks applied to the rotor thanks to a periodic reconstruction of the spatial wavepacket.

Maxence Lepers; Véronique Zehnlé; Jean Claude Garreau

2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

287

Kicked rotor quantum resonances in position space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an approach of the kicked rotor quantum resonances in position-space, based on its analogy with the optical Talbot effect. This approach leads to a very simple picture of the physical mechanism underlying the dynamics and to analytical expressions for relevant physical quantities, such as mean momentum or kinetic energy. The ballistic behavior, which is closely associated to quantum resonances, is analyzed and shown to emerge from a coherent adding of successive kicks applied to the rotor thanks to a periodic reconstruction of the spatial wavepacket.

Lepers, Maxence; Garreau, Jean Claude

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Encoding many qubits in a rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for encoding many qubits in a single rotor, that is, a continuous and periodic degree of freedom. A key feature of this scheme is its ability to manipulate and entangle the encoded qubits with a single operation on the system. We also show, using quantum error-correcting codes, how to protect the qubits against small errors in angular position and momentum which may affect the rotor. We then discuss the feasibility of this scheme and suggest several candidates for its implementation. The proposed scheme is immediately generalizable to qudits of any finite dimension.

Amir Kalev; Philippe Raynal; Jun Suzuki; Berthold-Georg Englert

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

Accelerator dynamics of a fractional kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the Weyl fractional derivative can quantize an open system. A fractional kicked rotor is studied in the framework of the fractional Schrodinger equation. The system is described by the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian by virtue of the Weyl fractional derivative. Violation of space symmetry leads to acceleration of the orbital momentum. Quantum localization saturates this acceleration, such that the average value of the orbital momentum can be a direct current and the system behaves like a ratchet. The classical counterpart is a nonlinear kicked rotor with absorbing boundary conditions.

A. Iomin

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

290

NREL: Wind Research - Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The EW50 is a 50-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis downwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 15 meters, and its hub height is 30.5 meters. It has a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is listed below, along with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 3/11/2009: 17; 3/12/2009: 17; 3/13/2009: 17; 3/14/2009: 17; 3/15/2009: 17;

291

Combined Experiment Phase 1. [Horizontal axis wind turbines: wind tunnel testing versus field testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

How does wind tunnel airfoil data differ from the airfoil performance on an operating horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) The National Renewable Energy laboratory has been conducting a comprehensive test program focused on answering this question and understanding the basic fluid mechanics of rotating HAWT stall aerodynamics. The basic approach was to instrument a wind rotor, using an airfoil that was well documented by wind tunnel tests, and measure operating pressure distributions on the rotating blade. Based an the integrated values of the pressure data, airfoil performance coefficients were obtained, and comparisons were made between the rotating data and the wind tunnel data. Care was taken to the aerodynamic and geometric differences between the rotating and the wind tunnel models. This is the first of two reports describing the Combined Experiment Program and its results. This Phase I report covers background information such as test setup and instrumentation. It also includes wind tunnel test results and roughness testing.

Butterfield, C.P.; Musial, W.P.; Simms, D.A.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Voltage sag ride through using Improved Adaptive Internal Model Controller for doubly fed induction generator wind farms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the effect of a single pulse dither signal injection in adaptive internal model controller for a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind farm. Rotor current controller using adaptive internal model controller is designed ...

N. Amuthan, P. Subburaj, P. Melba Mary

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On the Classification of Universal Rotor-Routers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The combinatorial theory of rotor-routers has connections with problems of statistical mechanics, graph theory, chaos theory, and computer science. A rotor-router network defines a deterministic walk on a digraph G in which a particle walks from a source vertex until it reaches one of several target vertices. Motivated by recent results due to Giacaglia et al., we study rotor-router networks in which all non-target vertices have the same type. A rotor type r is universal if every hitting sequence can be achieved by a homogeneous rotor-router network consisting entirely of rotors of type r. We give a conjecture that completely classifies universal rotor types. Then, this problem is simplified by a theorem we call the Reduction Theorem that allows us to consider only two-state rotors. A rotor-router network called the compressor, because it tends to shorten rotor periods, is introduced along with an associated algorithm that determines the universality of almost all rotors. New rotor classes, including boppy ro...

He, Xiaoyu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A Recurrent Rotor-Router Configuration in Z^3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotor Router models were first introduced by James Propp in 2002. A recurrent Rotor configuration is the one in which every state is visited infinitely often. In this project we investigated whether there is a recurrent Rotor configuration in Z^d (d>2).

A, Tulasi Ram Reddy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Design of plywood and paper flywheel rotors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Technical and economic design factors of cellulosic rotors are compared with conventional materials for stationary flywheel energy storage systems. Wood species, operation in a vacuum, assembly and costs of rotors are evaluated. Wound kraft paper, twine and plywood rotors are examined. Two hub attachments are designed. Support stiffness is shown to be constrained by the material strength, rotor configuration and speed ratio. Preliminary duration of load tests was performed on vacuum dried hexagonal birch plywood. Dynamic and static rotor-hub fatigue equipment is designed. Moisture loss rates while vacuum drying plywood cylinders were measured, and the radial and axial diffusion coefficients were evaluated. Diffusion coefficients of epoxy coated plywood cylinders were also obtained. Economics of cellulosic and conventional rotors were examined. Plywood rotor manufacturing costs were evaluated. The optimum economic shape for laminated rotors is shown to be cylindrical. Vacuum container costs are parametrically derived and based on material properties and costs. Containment costs are significant and are included in comparisons. The optimum design stress and wound rotor configuration are calculated for seventeen examples. Plywood rotors appear to be marginally competitive with the steel hose wire or E-glass rotors. High performance oriented kraft paper rotors potentially provide the lowest energy storage costs in stationary systems.

Erdman, A.G.; Hagen, D.L.; Gaff, S.A.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

LIDAR Wind Speed Measurements of Evolving Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) systems are able to measure the speed of incoming wind before it interacts with a wind turbine rotor. These preview wind measurements can be used in feedforward control systems that are designed to reduce turbine loads. However, the degree to which such preview-based control techniques can reduce loads by reacting to turbulence depends on how accurately the incoming wind field can be measured. Past studies have assumed the validity of physicist G.I. Taylor's 1938 frozen turbulence hypothesis, which implies that turbulence remains unchanged as it advects downwind at the mean wind speed. With Taylor's hypothesis applied, the only source of wind speed measurement error is distortion caused by the LIDAR. This study introduces wind evolution, characterized by the longitudinal coherence of the wind, to LIDAR measurement simulations using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) 5-megawatt turbine model to create a more realistic measurement model. A simple model of wind evolution was applied to a frozen wind field that was used in previous studies to investigate the effects of varying the intensity of wind evolution. LIDAR measurements were also evaluated using a large eddy simulation (LES) of a stable boundary layer that was provided by the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The LIDAR measurement scenario investigated consists of a hub-mounted LIDAR that scans a circle of points upwind of the turbine in order to estimate the wind speed component in the mean wind direction. Different combinations of the preview distance that is located upwind of the rotor and the radius of the scan circle were analyzed. It was found that the dominant source of measurement error for short preview distances is the detection of transverse and vertical wind speeds from the line-of-sight LIDAR measurement. It was discovered in previous studies that, in the absence of wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances is the spatial averaging caused by the LIDAR's sampling volume. However, by introducing wind evolution, the dominant source of error for large preview distances was found to be the coherence loss caused by evolving turbulence. Different measurement geometries were compared using the bandwidth for which the measurement coherence remained above 0.5 and also the area under the measurement coherence curve. Results showed that, by increasing the intensity of wind evolution, the measurement coherence decreases. Using the coherence bandwidth metric, the optimal preview distance for a fixed-scan radius remained almost constant for low and moderate amounts of wind evolution. For the wind field with the simple wind evolution model introduced, the optimal preview distance for a scan radius of 75% blade span (47.25 meters) was found to be 80 meters. Using the LES wind field, the optimal preview distance was 65 meters. When comparing scan geometries using the area under the coherence curve, results showed that, as the intensity of wind evolution increases, the optimal preview distance decreases.

Simley, E.; Pao, L. Y.; Kelley, N.; Jonkman, B.; Frehlich, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Univ. of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana); (Georgia Institute of Technology)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Rotor bore and turbine rotor wheel/spacer heat exchange flow circuit  

SciTech Connect

In a turbine having closed-circuit steam-cooling passages about the rim of the rotor during steady-state operation, compressor discharge air is supplied to the rotor bore for passage radially outwardly into the wheel space cavities between the wheels and spacers. Communicating slots and channels in the spacers and wheels at circumferentially spaced positions enable egress of the compressor discharge air into the hot gas flow path. At turbine startup, cooling air flows through the closed-circuit steam passages to cool the outer rim of the rotor while compressor discharge air pre-warms the wheels and spacers. At steady-state, cooling steam is supplied in the closed-circuit steam-cooling passages and compressor discharge air is supplied through the bore and into the wheel space cavities to cool the rotor.

Caruso, Philip M. (Selkirk, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Quentin (Saratoga Springs, NY); Ladhani, Azad A. (Niskayuna, NY); DeMania, Alan Richard (Niskayuna, NY); Palmer, Gene David (Clifton Park, NY); Wilson, Ian David (Clifton Park, NY); Rathbun, Lisa Shirley (Scotia, NY); Akin, Robert Craig (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures. The Engineering ... section. I. Extreme Winds: ... II. Wind Effects on Buildings. Database ...

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Quantum beats of the rigid rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics is investigated of a free particle on a sphere (rigid rotor or rotator) that is initially in a coherent state. The instability of coherent states with respect to the free evolution leads to nontrivial time-development of averages of observables representing the position of a particle on a sphere that can be interpreted as quantum beats.

K. Kowalski; J. Rembieli?ski

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Evolution of Rotor and Blade Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to provide a historical perspective of the evolution of rotor and blade design during the last 20 years. This evolution is a balanced integration of economic, aerodynamic, structural dynamic, noise, and aesthetic considerations, which are known to be machine type and size dependent.

Tangler, J.

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Cracked rotor vibrations by multifractal analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multifractal analysis has been used to diagnoze cracked and healthy rotors. Is has been shown that the complexity and regularity criteria of the dynamical systems defined by the multiple scaling of the time series can indicate the damages of the rotating shaft.

Grzegorz Litak; Jerzy T. Sawicki

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Quantum beats of the rigid rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics is investigated of a free particle on a sphere (rigid rotor or rotator) that is initially in a coherent state. The instability of coherent states with respect to the free evolution leads to nontrivial time-development of averages of observables representing the position of a particle on a sphere that can be interpreted as quantum beats.

Kowalski, K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Theoretical analysis of acceleration measurements in a model of an operating wind turbine.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind loading from turbulence and gusts can cause damage in horizontal axis wind turbines. These unsteady loads and the resulting damage initiation and propagation are difficult to predict. Unsteady loads enter at the rotor and are transmitted to the drivetrain. The current generation of wind turbine has drivetrain-mounted vibration and bearing temperature sensors, a nacelle-mounted inertial measurement unit, and a nacelle-mounted anemometer and wind vane. Some advanced wind turbines are also equipped with strain measurements at the root of the rotor. This paper analyzes additional measurements in a rotor blade to investigate the complexity of these unsteady loads. By identifying the spatial distribution, amplitude, and frequency bandwidth of these loads, design improvements could be facilitated to reduce uncertainties in reliability predictions. In addition, dynamic load estimates could be used in the future to control high-bandwidth aerodynamic actuators distributed along the rotor blade to reduce the saturation of slower pitch actuators currently used for wind turbine blades. Local acceleration measurements are made along a rotor blade to infer operational rotor states including deflection and dynamic modal contributions. Previous work has demonstrated that acceleration measurements can be experimentally acquired on an operating wind turbine. Simulations on simplified rotor blades have also been used to demonstrate that mean blade loading can be estimated based on deflection estimates. To successfully apply accelerometers in wind turbine applications for load identification, the spectral and spatial characteristics of each excitation source must be understood so that the total acceleration measurement can be decomposed into contributions from each source. To demonstrate the decomposition of acceleration measurements in conjunction with load estimation methods, a flexible body model has been created with MSC.ADAMS{copyright} The benefit of using a simulation model as opposed to a physical experiment to examine the merits of acceleration-based load identification methods is that models of the structural dynamics and aerodynamics enable one to compare estimates of the deflection and loading with actual values. Realistic wind conditions are applied to the wind turbine and used to estimate the operational displacement and acceleration of the rotor. The per-revolution harmonics dominate the displacement and acceleration response. Turbulent wind produces broadband excitation that includes both the harmonics and modal vibrations, such as the tower modes. Power Spectral Density estimates of the acceleration along the span of the rotor blades indicate that the edge modes may be coupled to the second harmonic.

Adams, Douglas E. (Purdue University, Lafayette, IN); Rumsey, Mark Allen; White, Jonathan Randall

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Secretary Chu Offers $117 Million Conditional Commitment for Hawaii Wind  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Offers $117 Million Conditional Commitment for Hawaii Offers $117 Million Conditional Commitment for Hawaii Wind Power Project Secretary Chu Offers $117 Million Conditional Commitment for Hawaii Wind Power Project March 5, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington DC --- U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced that the Department of Energy has offered a conditional commitment on a $117 million loan guarantee to finance the construction and start-up of an innovative 30 megawatt (MW) wind energy project in Kahuku, Hawaii. Kahuku Wind Power, LLC will install twelve 2.5 MW wind turbine generators along with a battery energy storage system for electricity load stability. The loan guarantee is being supported by funds made available from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. "This investment will create jobs and cut our dependence on oil, while

306

Stability analysis of a variable-speed wind turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper examines the elastomechanical stability of a four-bladed wind turbine over a specific rotor speed range. Stability modes, frequencies, and dampings are extracted using a specialized modal processor developed at NREL that post-processes the response data generated by the ADAMS simulation code. The processor can analyze a turbine with an arbitrary number of rotor blades and offers a novel capability of isolating stability modes that become locked at a single frequency. Results indicate that over a certain rotor speed range, the tower lateral mode and the rotor regressive in-plane mode coalesce, resulting in a self-excited instability. Additional results show the effect of tower and nacelle parameters on the stability boundaries.

Bir, G.S.; Wright, A.D.; Butterfield, C.P.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid vehicles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the power system comprises an electric machine (12) further comprising a first excitation source (47), a permanent magnet rotor (28) and a magnetic coupling rotor (26) spaced from the permanent magnet rotor and at least one second excitation source (43), the magnetic coupling rotor (26) also including a flywheel having an inertial mass to store kinetic energy during an initial acceleration to an operating speed; and wherein the first excitation source is electrically connected to the second excitation source for power cycling such that the flywheel rotor (26) exerts torque on the permanent magnet rotor (28) to assist braking and acceleration of the permanent magnet rotor (28) and consequently, the vehicle. An axial gap machine and a radial gap machine are disclosed and methods of the invention are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

308

Performance of a stand-alone wind-electric ice maker for remote villages  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two ice makers in the 1.1 metric tons per 24 hours (1.2 tons per day) size range were tested to determine their performance when directly coupled to a variable-frequency wind turbine generator. Initial tests were conducted using a dynamometer to simulate to wind to evaluate whether previously determined potential problems were significant and to define basic performance parameters. Field testing in Norman, Oklahoma, was completed to determine the performance of one of the ice makers under real wind conditions. As expected, the ice makers produced more ice at a higher speed than rated, and less ice at a lower speed. Due to the large start-up torque requirement of reciprocating compressors, the ice making system experienced a large start-up current and corresponding voltage drop which required a larger wind turbine that expected to provide the necessary current and voltage. Performance curves for ice production and power consumption are presented. A spreadsheet model was constructed to predict ice production at a user-defined site given the wind conditions for that location. Future work should include long-term performance tests and research on reducing the large start-up currents the system experiences when first coming on line.

Davis, H.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Brandemuehl, M.J. [University of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Joint Center for Energy Management; Bergey, M.L.S. [Bergey Windpower Co., Norman, OK (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Active load control techniques for wind turbines.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an overview on the current state of wind turbine control and introduces a number of active techniques that could be potentially used for control of wind turbine blades. The focus is on research regarding active flow control (AFC) as it applies to wind turbine performance and loads. The techniques and concepts described here are often described as 'smart structures' or 'smart rotor control'. This field is rapidly growing and there are numerous concepts currently being investigated around the world; some concepts already are focused on the wind energy industry and others are intended for use in other fields, but have the potential for wind turbine control. An AFC system can be broken into three categories: controls and sensors, actuators and devices, and the flow phenomena. This report focuses on the research involved with the actuators and devices and the generated flow phenomena caused by each device.

van Dam, C.P. (University of California, Davis, CA); Berg, Dale E.; Johnson, Scott J. (University of California, Davis, CA)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Determination of fault operation dynamical constraints for the design of wind turbine DFIG drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an efficient design tool for the estimation of the transient electromagnetic peak torque and transient rotor over-voltages of wind turbines (WT) doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) during severe fault conditions on the grid side. ... Keywords: Dynamical constraint, Integrated design, Non-linear optimization, Wind turbine

Davide Aguglia; Philippe Viarouge; René Wamkeue; Jérôme Cros

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Wake Characteristics of the MOD-2 Wind Turbine at Medicine Bow, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

The present paper summarizes results obtained from profile measurements of the MOD-2 wind turbine wake at Medicine Bow, Wyoming. Vertical profiles of wind speed, potential temperature, and turbulence at 3 and 7 rotor diameters downstream of the turbine, taken under near neutral or slightly stable atmospheric conditions, are presented.

Jacobs, E. W.; Kelley, N. D.; McKenna, H. E.; Birkenheuer, N. B.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Wind turbine aerodynamics using ALE---VMS: validation and the role of weakly enforced boundary conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we present a validation study involving the full-scale NREL Phase VI two-bladed wind turbine rotor. The ALE---VMS formulation of aerodynamics, based on the Navier---Stokes equations of incompressible flows, is employed in conjunction ... Keywords: ALE---VMS, Finite elements, NREL 5MW offshore, NREL Phase VI, Weakly enforced essential boundary conditions, Wind turbine aerodynamics

Ming-Chen Hsu; Ido Akkerman; Yuri Bazilevs

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

EERE: Wind  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy funds R&D to develop wind energy. Learn about the DOE Wind Program, how to use wind energy and get financial incentives, and access...

314

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND ENERGY Wind Energ. (2012) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary since energy production depends non-linearly on wind speed (U ), and wind speed observa- tions for the assessment of future long-term wind supply A. M. R. Bakker1 , B. J. J. M. Van den Hurk1 and J. P. Coelingh2 1

Haak, Hein

315

Closed continuous-flow centrifuge rotor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A blood separation centrifuge rotor having a generally parabolic core disposed concentrically and spaced apart within a housing having a similarly shaped cavity. Blood is introduced through a central inlet and into a central passageway enlarged downwardly to decrease the velocity of the entrant blood. Septa are disposed inside the central passageway to induce rotation of the entrant blood. A separation chamber is defined between the core and the housing wherein the whole blood is separated into red cell, white cell, and plasma zones. The zones are separated by annular splitter blades disposed within the separation chamber. The separated components are continuously removed through conduits communicating through a face seal to the outside of the rotor.

Breillatt, Jr., Julian P. (Oak Ridge, TN); Remenyik, Carl J. (Knoxville, TN); Sartory, Walter K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN); Penland, William Z. (Bethesda, MD)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Initial steam flow regulator for steam turbine start-up  

SciTech Connect

In a combined steam generator-turbine system, a drain type is provided in front of the stop valve to drain the first steam supply with the stop valve closed until the temperature of the valve and/or the temperature of the steam exceeds the temperature of saturation by a predetermined amount, and logic circuitry is provided to generate permissive signals which combine to allow successive admission of steam to the gland seal and to the steam turbine.

Martens, A.; Hobbs, M. M.

1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

SuperShuttle CNG Fleet Start-Up Experience  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Gas Research Institute (GRI) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), along with several industry partners, are collaborating with SuperShuttle of Denver, Colorado, to evaluate natural gas vans added to the SuperShuttle fleet in 1999. Brand new (1999 model year) dedicated and bi-fuel compressed natural gas (CNG) vans manufactured by Ford Motor Company will be operated side-by-side with several similar gasoline vehicles in normal revenue service. Once the study is complete, DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory will analyze and compile the results for release.

Eudy, L.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

318

Protecting Computers at Start-Up: New NIST Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A new draft computer security publication from the National Institute of ... security professionals as they work to protect personal computers as they ...

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

319

Accelerator and Microbeam Start-up At the console  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Drive Motor (F2) to provide power to the terminal. 3. Verify that switches F4 ­ F9 are "on". Red (up on the closed water cooling system, which cools the bending magnets and magnet power supplies. 3. Turn on the power supply for magnet M1 (90º bending magnet). 5. Turn on the power supply for the horizontal steering

320

Start-up of Autotrophic Nitrogen Removal Reactors via Sequential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, filtration, centrifugation, etc.) (10) Analyze the liquid portion for the residual, final, equili- brium is that based on a flow-through fixed- bed type of a reactor/contactor (Fig. 4). The sorption column would in parallel. Rarely, usually because of special process requirements, a mixed contactor could also be used

Smets, Barth F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Specific Equipment for Start-up and Operation of Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... personnel training and drilling as well as special storage arrangement. ... Isothermal Multiphase Fluid Flow and Capillary Instabilities in Carbon-anode Using ...

322

Negative Sequence Effects on Generator Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second part of a study of the effects of severe negative sequence events on round rotor turbine generators. The first part (EPRI report 1014910) introduced simplified models to investigate the thermal and mechanical stresses resulting from unbalanced short circuits and other events. The current report provides documentation on these simplified models. It also describes further studies of the retaining ring and introduces additional models for the pole face and cross-slot regions.

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

323

Helicoidal vortex model for wind turbine aeroelastic simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vortex method has been extended to account for blade flexibility, which is a potential source of unsteadiness in the flow past a wind turbine rotor. The code has been validated previously under the assumption of rigid blades. The aerodynamics method ... Keywords: Blade flexibility, Steady and unsteady flows, Tower interference, Vortex model

Jean-Jacques Chattot

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Coupled dynamic analysis of floating offshore wind farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the past decade, the demand for clean renewable energy continues to rise drastically in Europe, the US, and other countries. Wind energy in the ocean can possibly be one of those future renewable clean energy sources as long it is economically feasible and technologically manageable. So far, most of the offshore wind farm research has been limited to fixed platforms in shallow-water areas. In the water depth deeper than 30m, however, floating-type wind farms tend to be more feasible. Then, the overall design and engineering becomes more complicated than fixed platforms including the coupled dynamics of platforms, mooring lines, and blades. In the present study, a numerical time-domain model has been developed for the fully coupled dynamic analysis of an offshore floating wind turbine system including blade-rotor dynamics and platform motions. As a test case, the TLP-type floater system with 3 blades of 70-m diameter designed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is selected to analyze the dynamic coupling effects among floating system, mooring lines, and wind turbine. The performance of the selected system in a typical wind-wave-current condition has been simulated and analyzed. A similar study for the floater and rotor coupled dynamic analysis was conducted by MIT and NREL. However, in the present case, the dynamic coupling between platform and mooring lines are also considered in addition to the rotor-floater dynamic coupling. It is seen that the rotor-floater coupling effects increase with wind velocity and blade size. The increased coupling effects tend to increase the dynamic tension of TLP tethers. The developed technology and numerical tool are applicable to the new offshore floating wind farms planned in the future.

Shim, Sangyun

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Design and Test of DC Voltage Link Conversion System and Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Generator for Variable-Speed Wind Energy Applications: August 1999--May 2003  

SciTech Connect

This report describes four low-cost alternative power converters for processing the power developed by a doubly fed wound-rotor induction generator for wind energy conversion systems.

Lipo, T.A.; Panda, D.; Zarko, D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Fourth Annual Progress Report on the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind Generator: Final Report for the Period 1 April 1979 - 31 August 1980  

SciTech Connect

Conventional wind energy systems are limited in wind turbine diameter by allowable rotor stresses at power levels of several megawatts. In contrast, the Electrofluid Dynamic (EFD) wind driven generator has no fundamental limits on cross sectional area. It is a direct energy conversion device which employs unipolar charged particles transported by the wind against a retarding voltage gradient to a high potential. As no moving parts are exposed to the wind, extremely large power units may be feasible.

Minardi, J. E.; Lawson, M. O.; Wattendorf, F. L.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Rotor assembly and method for automatically processing liquids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for performing a relatively large number of processing steps upon a sample, such as a whole blood sample, and a diluent, such as water, includes a rotor body for rotation about an axis and including a network of chambers within which various processing steps are performed upon the sample and diluent and passageways through which the sample and diluent are transferred. A transfer mechanism is movable through the rotor body by the influence of a magnetic field generated adjacent the transfer mechanism and movable along the rotor body, and the assembly utilizes centrifugal force, a transfer of momentum and capillary action to perform any of a number of processing steps such as separation, aliquoting, transference, washing, reagent addition and mixing of the sample and diluent within the rotor body. The rotor body is particularly suitable for automatic immunoassay analyses.

Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Double-ended ceramic helical-rotor expander  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic helical rotor expander using a double-ended or tandem herringbone type rotor arrangement with bearing and seal assemblies remote from the hot gas inlets and especially capable of operating at an inlet temperature of above 1100.degree. C. The rotors are solid or hollow and bonded to hollow metal shafts, and mounted in a composite or simple prismatic casing. The rotors, casing and shafts are constructed from low expansivity materials. In the preferred embodiment the rotors are constructed of silicon nitride and the shafts constructed of an molybdenum alloy, with the metal shafts being supported in bearings and secured to synchronizing gears. The rotors and casing may be provided with coolant channels therein, and are constructed to eliminate the problem of end leakages at inlet temperature and pressure, and the need for high temperature bearings and seals.

Mohr, Peter B. (Livermore, CA); Myers, Wendell B. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Rotor assembly and method for automatically processing liquids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly is described for performing a relatively large number of processing steps upon a sample, such as a whole blood sample, and a diluent, such as water. It includes a rotor body for rotation about an axis and includes a network of chambers within which various processing steps are performed upon the sample and diluent and passageways through which the sample and diluent are transferred. A transfer mechanism is movable through the rotor body by the influence of a magnetic field generated adjacent the transfer mechanism and movable along the rotor body, and the assembly utilizes centrifugal force, a transfer of momentum and capillary action to perform any of a number of processing steps such as separation, aliquoting, transference, washing, reagent addition and mixing of the sample and diluent within the rotor body. The rotor body is particularly suitable for automatic immunoassay analyses. 34 figs.

Burtis, C.A.; Johnson, W.F.; Walker, W.A.

1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

Double-ended ceramic helical-rotor expander  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic helical rotor expander is disclosed using a double-ended or tandem herringbone type rotor arrangement with bearing and seal assemblies remote from the hot gas inlets and especially capable of operating at an inlet temperature of above 1,100 C. The rotors are solid or hollow and bonded to hollow metal shafts, and mounted in a composite or simple prismatic casing. The rotors, casing and shafts are constructed from low expansivity materials. In the preferred embodiment the rotors are constructed of silicon nitride and the shafts constructed of an molybdenum alloy, with the metal shafts being supported in bearings and secured to synchronizing gears. The rotors and casing may be provided with coolant channels therein, and are constructed to eliminate the problem of end leakages at inlet temperature and pressure, and the need for high temperature bearings and seals. 3 figs.

Mohr, P.B.; Myers, W.B.

1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

Gas Turbine Rotor Life Evaluation: Siemens V84.2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine rotor materials are subject to degradation from prolonged hours and multiple start/stop cycles of operation. Occasionally, plant operators have the compressor and turbine sections of the rotor system disassembled and the components inspected for signs of creep, embrittlement, corrosion, thermal fatigue, and high- and low-cycle fatigue. Inspections of rotor rim areas typically take place more regularly during hot gas path and major maintenance intervals when casings and blades are removed. Thi...

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

332

Escape rates for rotor walks in Z d  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotor walk is a deterministic analogue of random walk. We study its recurrence and transience properties on Z d for the initial configuration of all rotors aligned. If n particles in turn perform rotor walks starting from the origin, we show that the number that escape (i.e., never return to the origin) is of order n in dimensions d ? 3, and of order n / log n in dimension 2. 1

Laura Florescu; Shirshendu Ganguly; Lionel Levine; Yuval Peres

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Geometrical terms in the effective Hamiltonian for rotor molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analogy between asymmetric rotor molecules and anisotropic cosmology can be used to calculate new centrifugal distortion terms in the effective potential of asymmetric rotor molecules which have no internal 3-fold symmetry. The torsional potential picks up extra $\\cos\\alpha$ and $\\cos2\\alpha$ contributions, which are comparable to corrections to the momentum terms in methanol and other rotor molecules with isotope replacements.

Moss, Ian G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described.

Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

335

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

336

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described.

Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Geometrical terms in the effective Hamiltonian for rotor molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analogy between asymmetric rotor molecules and anisotropic cosmology can be used to calculate new centrifugal distortion terms in the effective potential of asymmetric rotor molecules which have no internal 3-fold symmetry. The torsional potential picks up extra $\\cos\\alpha$ and $\\cos2\\alpha$ contributions, which are comparable to corrections to the momentum terms in methanol and other rotor molecules with isotope replacements.

Ian G. Moss

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

338

Giromill wind tunnel test and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary. Final report, June 1976--October 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study described herein is a continuation of the Giromill investigation in which a wind tunnel test of a model Giromill rotor was performed. The primary objective of the wind tunnel test was to obtain data for comparison with the Larsen cyclogiro vortex theory program employed for predicting the Giromill performance. The model had a rotor diameter of 7 ft. (2.13 meters) and a solidity (total blade area divided by rotor span times diameter) of 0.3. This was achieved by a three bladed rotor having blade chords of 8.4 in. (21.3 cm) and a span of 5 ft. (1.52 meters). The blades were modulated by use of replaceable cams, that simulated the various operating conditions, and a push rod arrangement connected to a bellcrank about the blade pivot point. Rotor RPM control was achieved with an electric motor/generator that could be used to either drive the rotor or absorb the rotor power to maintain RPM.

Moran, W.A.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electrostatic generator/motor having rotors of varying ...  

Electrostatic generator/motor having rotors of varying thickness and a central stator electrically connected together into two groups United States Patent

340

Mechanical coupling for a rotor shaft assembly of dissimilar materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanical coupling for coupling a ceramic disc member to a metallic shaft includes a first wedge clamp and a second wedge clamp. A fastener engages a threaded end of a tie-bolt to sandwich the ceramic disc between the wedge clamps. An axial spring is positioned between the fastener and the second wedge clamp to apply an axial preload along the longitudinal axis. Another coupling utilizes a rotor shaft end of a metallic rotor shaft as one wedge clamp. Still another coupling includes a solid ceramic rotor disc with a multiple of tie-bolts radially displaced from the longitudinal axis to exert the preload on the solid ceramic rotor disc.

Shi, Jun (Glastonbury, CT); Bombara, David (New Hartford, CT); Green, Kevin E. (Broad Brook, CT); Bird, Connic (Rocky Hill, CT); Holowczak, John (South Windsor, CT)

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Quantum rotor theory of spinor condensates in tight traps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we theoretically construct exact mappings of many-particle bosonic systems onto quantum rotor models. In particular, we analyze the rotor representation of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. In a previous work [R. Barnett et al., Phys. Rev. A 82, 031602(R) (2010)] it was shown that there is an exact mapping of a spin-one condensate of fixed particle number with quadratic Zeeman interaction onto a quantum rotor model. Since the rotor model has an unbounded spectrum from above, it has many more eigenstates than the original bosonic model. Here we show that for each subset of states with fixed spin F{sub z}, the physical rotor eigenstates are always those with the lowest energy. We classify three distinct physical limits of the rotor model: the Rabi, Josephson, and Fock regimes. The last regime corresponds to a fragmented condensate and is thus not captured by the Bogoliubov theory. We next consider the semiclassical limit of the rotor problem and make connections with the quantum wave functions through the use of the Husimi distribution function. Finally, we describe how to extend the analysis to higher-spin systems and derive a rotor model for the spin-two condensate. Theoretical details of the rotor mapping are also provided here.

Barnett, Ryan; Hui, Hoi-Yin; Lin, Chien-Hung; Sau, Jay D.; Das Sarma, S. [Joint Quantum Institute and Condensed Matter Theory Center, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-4111 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Flight Control Design for Rotorcraft with Variable Rotor Speed.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Flight control design issues for rotorcraft with variable rotor speed are investigated, and new design methodologies are developed to deal with the challenges of variable… (more)

Guo, Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Optimal propulsion system design for a micro quad rotor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Currently a 50 gram micro quad rotor vehicle is being developed in collaboration with Daedalus Flight Systems. Optimization of the design at this scale… (more)

Harrington, Aaron M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

345

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

346

Advanced wind turbine with lift cancelling aileron for shutdown  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An advanced aileron configuration for wind turbine rotors featuring an independent, lift generating aileron connected to the rotor blade. The aileron has an airfoil profile which is inverted relative to the airfoil profile of the main section of the rotor blade. The inverted airfoil profile of the aileron allows the aileron to be used for strong positive control of the rotation of the rotor while deflected to angles within a control range of angles. The aileron functions as a separate, lift generating body when deflected to angles within a shutdown range of angles, generating lift with a component acting in the direction opposite the direction of rotation of the rotor. Thus, the aileron can be used to shut down rotation of the rotor. The profile of the aileron further allows the center of rotation to be located within the envelope of the aileron, at or near the centers of pressure and mass of the aileron. The location of the center of rotation optimizes aerodynamically and gyroscopically induced hinge moments and provides a fail safe configuration.

Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Juengst, Theresa M. (Warren, VT); Zuteck, Michael D. (Kemah, TX)

1996-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FUPWG Meeting FUPWG Meeting NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Robi Robichaud November 18, 2009 Topics Introduction Review of the Current Wind Market Drivers for Wind Development Siting g Issues Wind Resource Assessment Wind Characteristics Wind Power Potential Basic Wind Turbine Theory Basic Wind Turbine Theory Types of Wind Turbines Facts About Wind Siting Facts About Wind Siting Wind Performance 1. United States: MW 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 3 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 5 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 7 1 9 8 8 1 9 8 9 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 1 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 Current Status of the Wind Industry Total Global Installed Wind Capacity Total Global Installed Wind Capacity Total Global Installed Wind Capacity

348

Effects of wind shear and turbulence on wind turbine power curves  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is a common practice to use wind speeds at hub height in determining wind turbine power curves. Although the possible influence of other variables (sub as turbulence and wind shear) is generally neglected in power curve measurements, we discovered the importance of other variables in an analysis of power curves for three 2.5 MW wind turbines. When the power curves were stratified by turbulence intensity. Such a large sensitivity to turbulence was not expected, and further analyses were conducted to determine if other factors accompanying the change in turbulence level could cause or contribute to the observed sensitivity of the power curves to turbulence. In summary, the sensitivity of the observed power curves was largely due to two factors: (1) an actual sensitivity to turbulence in determining the power curve and (2) the deviation of the disk-averaged velocity from the hub-height velocity under low turbulence conditions that were most prevalent at the site. An examination of the wind shear profiles over the height of the rotor disk revealed that low turbulence conditions were characterized by strong shear in the lower half of the rotor disk and weak or negative shear in the upper half. Implications of this analysis are that significant errors in power curve measurements can result if the effects of wind shear and turbulence are ignored. 7 refs., 6 figs.

Elliott, D.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Cadogan, J.B. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Technical Basis for Generator Rotor Remaining Life Estimation Using Boresonic Inspection Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because they operate at much lower temperatures than turbine rotors, generator rotors do not experience the creep or thermal fatigue damage associated with turbine rotors. The major damage mechanism for generator rotors’ near-bore regions is low-cycle fatigue due to startups. However, current practices of generator boresonic inspection do not differentiate between generator rotors and turbine rotors. The current practices also have large variations, ranging from no boresonic inspection to ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

350

Wind-To-Hydrogen Energy Pilot Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

WIND-TO-HYDROGEN ENERGY PILOT PROJECT: BASIN ELECTRIC POWER COOPERATIVE In an effort to address the hurdles of wind-generated electricity (specifically wind's intermittency and transmission capacity limitations) and support development of electrolysis technology, Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC) conducted a research project involving a wind-to-hydrogen system. Through this effort, BEPC, with the support of the Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota, evaluated the feasibility of dynamically scheduling wind energy to power an electrolysis-based hydrogen production system. The goal of this project was to research the application of hydrogen production from wind energy, allowing for continued wind energy development in remote wind-rich areas and mitigating the necessity for electrical transmission expansion. Prior to expending significant funding on equipment and site development, a feasibility study was performed. The primary objective of the feasibility study was to provide BEPC and The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to make a determination whether or not to proceed with Phase II of the project, which was equipment procurement, installation, and operation. Four modes of operation were considered in the feasibility report to evaluate technical and economic merits. Mode 1 - scaled wind, Mode 2 - scaled wind with off-peak, Mode 3 - full wind, and Mode 4 - full wind with off-peak In summary, the feasibility report, completed on August 11, 2005, found that the proposed hydrogen production system would produce between 8000 and 20,000 kg of hydrogen annually depending on the mode of operation. This estimate was based on actual wind energy production from one of the North Dakota (ND) wind farms of which BEPC is the electrical off-taker. The cost of the hydrogen produced ranged from $20 to $10 per kg (depending on the mode of operation). The economic sensitivity analysis performed as part of the feasibility study showed that several factors can greatly affect, both positively and negatively, the "per kg" cost of hydrogen. After a September 15, 2005, meeting to evaluate the advisability of funding Phase II of the project DOE concurred with BEPC that Phase I results did warrant a "go" recommendation to proceed with Phase II activities. The hydrogen production system was built by Hydrogenics and consisted of several main components: hydrogen production system, gas control panel, hydrogen storage assembly and hydrogen-fueling dispenser The hydrogen production system utilizes a bipolar alkaline electrolyzer nominally capable of producing 30 Nm3/h (2.7 kg/h). The hydrogen is compressed to 6000 psi and delivered to an on-site three-bank cascading storage assembly with 80 kg of storage capacity. Vehicle fueling is made possible through a Hydrogenics-provided gas control panel and dispenser able to fuel vehicles to 5000 psi. A key component of this project was the development of a dynamic scheduling system to control the wind energy's variable output to the electrolyzer cell stacks. The dynamic scheduling system received an output signal from the wind farm, processed this signal based on the operational mode, and dispatched the appropriate signal to the electrolyzer cell stacks. For the study BEPC chose to utilize output from the Wilton wind farm located in central ND. Site design was performed from May 2006 through August 2006. Site construction activities were from August to November 2006 which involved earthwork, infrastructure installation, and concrete slab construction. From April - October 2007, the system components were installed and connected. Beginning in November 2007, the system was operated in a start-up/shakedown mode. Because of numerous issues, the start-up/shakedown period essentially lasted until the end of January 2008, at which time a site acceptance test was performed. Official system operation began on February 14, 2008, and continued through the end of December 2008. Several issues continued to prevent consistent operation, resulting in operation o

Ron Rebenitsch; Randall Bush; Allen Boushee; Brad G. Stevens; Kirk D. Williams; Jeremy Woeste; Ronda Peters; Keith Bennett

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

351

A Numerical Study of Water Injection on Transonic Compressor Rotor Performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this study, numerical simulations of two-phase flow in a transonic compressor rotor (NASA Rotor 37) were performed. Both flow and droplets governing equations were… (more)

Szabo, Istvan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

AN INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE BENEFITS AND TRIM REQUIREMENTS OF A VARIABLE SPEED HELICOPTER ROTOR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study primarily examines the main rotor power reductions possible through variation in rotor RPM. Simulations were based on the UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter, and emphasis… (more)

Steiner, Jason

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Turbulence ingestion noise of open rotors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

liners, which play a crucial role in specific tone reduction for turbofans, cannot of course be used to attenuate noise from these rotors. General Electric (GE) in the US began an in-house ‘UnDucted Fan’ (UDF) research programme in 1983 and also... ), has established ambitious targets for new aircraft entering service in 2020, compared to those entering service in 2000, of a 50% reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions per passenger kilometre (of which 20%, that is just under half...

Robison, Rosalyn Aruna Venner

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantum diffusion in the quasiperiodic kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the mechanisms responsible for quantum diffusion in the quasiperiodic kicked rotor. We report experimental measurements of the diffusion constant on the atomic version of the system and develop a theoretical approach (based on the Floquet theorem) explaining the observations, especially the ``sub-Fourier'' character of the resonances observed in the vicinity of exact periodicity, i.e. the ability of the system to distinguish two neighboring driving frequencies in a time shorter than the inverse of the difference of the two frequencies.

Hans Lignier; Jean Claude Garreau; Pascal Szriftgiser; Dominique Delande

2004-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

355

Wind Generators and Market Power: Does it matter who owns them?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity production from wind generators holds significant importance in European Union’s 20 % renewable energy target by 2020. In this paper, I show that ownership of wind generators affects market outcomes by using both a Cournot oligopoly model and a real options model. In the Cournot oligopoly model, ownership of the wind generators by owners of fossil-fueled (peakload) generators decreases total peakload production and increases the market price. These effects increase with total wind generation and aggregate wind generator ownership. In the real options model, start up and shut down price thresholds are significantly higher when the monopolist at the peakload level owns both types of generators. Furthermore, when producing electricity with the peakload generator, the monopolist can avoid facing prices below marginal cost by owning a certain share of the wind generators.

Nihat Misir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Steam Turbine Rotor Life Assessment: Volumes 1-5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess the integrity and residual life of an in-service steam turbine rotor, utilities need to know the rotor's current creep and/or fatigue damage. This series of reports presents procedures for non-destructively estimating this damage using hardness, replication, and X-ray based approaches.

1994-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

357

Intelligent acoustic rotor speed estimation for an autonomous helicopter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic sensing to gather information about a machine can be highly beneficial, but processing the data can be difficult. In this work, a variety of methodologies have been studied to extract rotor speed information from the sound signature of an autonomous ... Keywords: Acoustic sensing, Adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system, Artificial neural network, Feature selection, Genetic algorithm, Helicopter, Rotor speeds

Benjamin N. Passow; Mario A. Gongora; Adrian A. Hopgood; Sophy Smith

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Research on Low-Voltage Ride-Through Technology of Doubly-Fed VSCF Wind Power Generation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, some of the variable speed wind turbine on market have some low-voltage through capacity?LVRT?, but do not have dynamic reactive power support capacity under fault. DFIG can’t provide dynamic voltage support, in addition, ... Keywords: wind power, voltage dip, low voltage ride-through (LVRT), transient voltage control, rotor-side converter

Bao Wei; Yin Zhongdong

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Turbine Inflow Characterization at the National Wind Technology Center: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Utility-scale wind turbines operate in dynamic flows that can vary significantly over timescales from less than a second to several years. To better understand the inflow to utility-scale turbines, two inflow towers were installed and commissioned at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, in 2011. These towers are 135 m tall and instrumented with a combination of sonic anemometers, cup anemometers, wind vanes, and temperature measurements to characterize the inflow wind speed and direction, turbulence, stability and thermal stratification to two utility-scale turbines. Herein, we present variations in mean and turbulent wind parameters with height, atmospheric stability, and as a function of wind direction that could be important for turbine operation as well as persistence of turbine wakes. Wind speed, turbulence intensity, and dissipation are all factors that affect turbine performance. Our results shown that these all vary with height across the rotor disk, demonstrating the importance of measuring atmospheric conditions that influence wind turbine performance at multiple heights in the rotor disk, rather than relying on extrapolation from lower levels.

Clifton, A.; Schreck, S.; Scott, G.; Kelley, N.; Lundquist, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Turbine Inflow Characterization at the National Wind Technology Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility-scale wind turbines operate in dynamic flows that can vary significantly over timescales from less than a second to several years. To better understand the inflow to utility-scale turbines, two inflow towers were installed and commissioned at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado, in 2011. These towers are 135 m tall and instrumented with a combination of sonic anemometers, cup anemometers, wind vanes, and temperature measurements to characterize the inflow wind speed and direction, turbulence, stability and thermal stratification to two utility-scale turbines. Herein, we present variations in mean and turbulent wind parameters with height, atmospheric stability, and as a function of wind direction that could be important for turbine operation as well as persistence of turbine wakes. Wind speed, turbulence intensity, and dissipation are all factors that affect turbine performance. Our results show that these all vary with height across the rotor disk, demonstrating the importance of measuring atmospheric conditions that influence wind turbine performance at multiple heights in the rotor disk, rather than relying on extrapolation from lower levels.

Clifton, A.; Schreck, S.; Scott, G.; Kelley, N.; Lundquist, J. K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless DC motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A brushless dc permanent magnet motor drives an autonomous underwater vehe. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators axially spaced, each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil, and first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and a drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shafts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs of rotors mounted on opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Local-to-global principles for rotor walk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In rotor walk on a finite directed graph, the exits from each vertex follow a prescribed periodic sequence. Here we consider the case of rotor walk where a particle starts from a designated source vertex and continues until it hits a designated target set, at which point the walk is restarted from the source. We show that the sequence of successively hit targets, which is easily seen to be eventually periodic, is in fact periodic. We show moreover that reversing the periodic patterns of all rotor sequences causes the periodic pattern of the hitting sequence to be reversed as well. The proofs involve a new notion of equivalence of rotor configurations, and an extension of rotor walk incorporating time-reversed particles.

Giacaglia, Giuliano Pezzolo; Propp, James; Zayas-Palmer, Linda

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

EIA: Wind  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Technical information and data on the wind energy industry from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

364

Small-Scale Aeroelastic Rotor Simulation, Design and Fabrication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficient, small-scale fixed-pitch rotor blades are essential for miniature rotorcraft. Extremely thin blade sections are required for highly efficient rotor performance that leads to acceptable mission endurance. Such rotor blades are difficult to manufacture from sufficiently rigid material to avoid significant torsional deformation in operating conditions. In practice, it is necessary to trade-off manufacturing simplicity and mechanical rigidity of a blade design against aerodynamic performance. This paper presents a design methodology for this problem, based on development of a simulator for steady-state rotor performance along with a search algorithm to find the ideal taper and twist geometry for a specified motor torque. The approach is demonstrated on the design of rotors for a small scale quad-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle under development at the Australian National University. Experimental thrust tests indicate good correspondence with theoretical predications. Nomenclature A Rotor disc area, m2 AoA Angle of Attack, rad c Blade chord, m cd Non-dimensional drag coefficient cl Non-dimensional lift coefficient cm Non-dimensional moment coefficient

Paul Pounds; Robert Mahony

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Wind Blog  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

wind-blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable wind-blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en Two Facilities, One Goal: Advancing America's Wind Industry http://energy.gov/eere/articles/two-facilities-one-goal-advancing-america-s-wind-industry wind-industry" class="title-link">Two Facilities, One Goal: Advancing America's Wind Industry

366

Control coil arrangement for a rotating machine rotor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating machine (e.g., a turbine, motor or generator) is provided wherein a fixed solenoid or other coil configuration is disposed adjacent to one or both ends of the active portion of the machine rotor for producing an axially directed flux in the active portion so as to provide planar axial control at single or multiple locations for rotor balance, levitation, centering, torque and thrust action. Permanent magnets can be used to produce an axial bias magnetic field. The rotor can include magnetic disks disposed in opposed, facing relation to the coil configuration.

Shah, Manoj R. (Latham, NY); Lewandowsk, Chad R. (Amsterdam, NY)

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Control Coil Arrangement for a Rotating Machine Rotor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating machine (e.g., a turbine, motor or generator) is provided wherein a fixed solenoid or other coil configuration is disposed adjacent to one or both ends of the active portion of the machine rotor for producing an axially directed flux in the active portion so as to provide planar axial control at single or multiple locations for rotor balance, levitation, centering, torque and thrust action. Permanent magnets can be used to produce an axial bias magnetic field. The rotor can include magnetic disks disposed in opposed, facing relation to the coil configuration.

Shah, Manoj R.; Lewandowski, Chad R.

1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

368

EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape 0: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound Summary The DOE Loan Programs Office is proposing to offer a loan guarantee to Cape Wind Associates, LLC for the construction and start-up of the Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, offshore of Massachusetts. The proposed Cape Wind Energy Project would consist of up to 130, 3.6-MW turbine generators, in an area of roughly 25-square miles, and would include 12.5 miles of 115-kilovolt submarine transmission cable and an electric service platform. To inform DOE's decision regarding a loan guarantee, DOE adopted

369

Giromill wind tunnel test and analysis. Volume II. Technical discussion. Final report, June 1976--October 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A wind tunnel test of a Giromill rotor was conducted. The objective of this test was to substantiate the performance computed by the Larsen cyclogiro vortex theory. Additional objectives were to obtain performance comparison data between the Giromill, a sinusoidal blade modulation Giromill, a Darrieus rotor, and a modified Darrieus rotor that flips the blades a few degrees. A three bladed Giromill rotor having a diameter of 2.13 m (7 ft) and a span of 1.52 m (5 ft) was tested in the McDonnell Aircraft Company 15 x 20 ft Mini Speed Wind Tunnel. The blade modulations were accomplished through use of a cam and push rod arrangement. Replaceable cams provided the desired blade modulation at the various operating points. Various operating conditions were achieved by adjusting the rotor RPM and tunnel speed. The results show that the Giromill has good performance, equal to or much better than that predicted by theory, and outperforms the other types of vertical axis wind turbines tested.

Moran, W.A.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Tilt Rotor Aeromechanics Phenomena in Low Speed Flight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work investigates important aeromechanics phenomena affecting the V-22 tilt rotor in low speed sideward flight or while hovering in quartering or crosswind conditions. These phenomena, such as pitch-up with sideslip and increased power required ...

Mark A. Potsdam; Mark J. Silva

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Dynamics of Mountain-Wave-Induced Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of rotor flow associated with mountain lee waves is investigated through a series of high-resolution simulations with the nonhydrostatic Coupled Ocean–Atmospheric Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) model using free-slip and no-...

James D. Doyle; Dale R. Durran

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Chip-Firing and Rotor-Routing on Directed Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a rigorous and self-contained survey of the abelian sandpile model and rotor-router model on finite directed graphs, highlighting the connections between them. We present several intriguing open problems.

Holroyd, Alexander E; Meszaros, Karola; Peres, Yuval; Propp, James; Wilson, David B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Review of wind simulation methods for horizontal-axis wind turbine analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report reviews three reports on simulation of winds for use in wind turbine fatigue analysis. The three reports are presumed to represent the state of the art. The Purdue and Sandia methods simulate correlated wind data at two points rotating as on the rotor of a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The PNL method at present simulates only one point, which rotates either as on a horizontal-axis wind turbine blade or as on a vertical-axis wind turbine blade. The spectra of simulated data are presented from the Sandia and PNL models under comparable input conditions, and the energy calculated in the rotational spikes in the spectra by the two models is compared. Although agreement between the two methods is not impressive at this time, improvement of the Sandia and PNL methods is recommended as the best way to advance the state of the art. Physical deficiencies of the models are cited in the report and technical recommendations are made for improvement. The report also reviews two general methods for simulating single-point data, called the harmonic method and the white noise method. The harmonic method, which is the basis of all three specific methods reviewed, is recommended over the white noise method in simulating winds for wind turbine analysis.

Powell, D.C.; Connell, J.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Energy Basics: Wind Turbines  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Wind Turbines Wind Resources Wind Turbines...

375

Proposed Update of SAFER-PC Rotor Life Assessment Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluating the remaining life of power plant turbine and generator rotors is a perennial dilemma facing utility engineers. Extended operation of a critically flawed rotor can result in catastrophic failure. Conversely, premature retirement of equipment burdens a utility financially. With today's pressures to reduce operation and maintenance costs, life extension and maintenance of plant components is receiving considerable attention. Accurate component life assessment is crucial in developing a technical...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

376

Whole blood analysis rotor assembly having removable cellular sedimentation bowl  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor assembly for performing photometric analyses using whole blood samples is described. Following static loading of a gross blood sample within a centrally located, removable, cell sedimentation bowl, the red blood cells in the gross sample are centrifugally separated from the plasma, the plasm displaced from the sedimentation bowl, and measured subvolumes of plasma distributed to respective sample analysis cuvettes positioned in an annular array about the rotor periphery. Means for adding reagents to the respective cuvettes are also described. (auth)

Burtis, C.A.; Johnson, W.F.

1975-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

377

Gas Turbine Rotor Life Evaluation: GE 7E/EA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine rotor materials are subject to degradation from prolonged hours and multiple start/stop cycles of operation. Periodically, plant operators disassemble the compressor and turbine sections of the rotor system and inspect the components for signs of creep, embrittlement, corrosion, thermal fatigue, and high- and low-cycle fatigue. These inspections typically take place during hot-gas-path and major maintenance intervals when casings are removed. This report provides results of an analysis to est...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

On the Spectrum of the Resonant Quantum Kicked Rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is proven that none of the bands in the quasi-energy spectrum of the Quantum Kicked Rotor is flat at any primitive resonance of any order. Perturbative estimates of bandwidths at small kick strength are established for the case of primitive resonances of prime order. Different bands scale with different powers of the kick strength, due to degeneracies in the spectrum of the free rotor.

Italo Guarneri

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

379

On the Spectrum of the Resonant Quantum Kicked Rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is proven that none of the bands in the quasi-energy spectrum of the Quantum Kicked Rotor is flat at any primitive resonance of any order. Perturbative estimates of bandwidths at small kick strength are established for the case of primitive resonances of prime order. Different bands scale with different powers of the kick strength, due to degeneracies in the spectrum of the free rotor.

Guarneri, Italo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Sub-ballistic behaviour of the Quantum Kicked Rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the resonances of the quantum kicked rotor subjected to an excitation that follows an aperiodic Fibonacci prescription. In such a case the secondary resonances show a sub-ballistic behaviour like the quantum walk with the same aperiodic prescription for the coin. The principal resonances maintain the well-known ballistic behaviour. Then the parallelism previusly established between the kicked rotor and the generalized quantum walk is retained only with the secondary resonances.

A. Romanelli; A. Auyuanet; R. Siri; V. Micenmacher

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Optimizing small wind turbine performance in battery charging applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many small wind turbine generators (10 kW or less) consist of a variable speed rotor driving a permanent magnet synchronous generator (alternator). One application of such wind turbines is battery charging, in which the generator is connected through a rectifier to a battery bank. The wind turbine electrical interface is essentially the same whether the turbine is part of a remote power supply for telecommunications, a standalone residential power system, or a hybrid village power system, in short, any system in which the wind generator output is rectified and fed into a DC bus. Field experience with such applications has shown that both the peak power output and the total energy capture of the wind turbine often fall short of expectations based on rotor size and generator rating. In this paper, the authors present a simple analytical model of the typical wind generator battery charging system that allows one to calculate actual power curves if the generator and rotor properties are known. The model clearly illustrates how the load characteristics affect the generator output. In the second part of this paper, the authors present four approaches to maximizing energy capture from wind turbines in battery charging applications. The first of these is to determine the optimal battery bank voltage for a given WTG. The second consists of adding capacitors in series with the generator. The third approach is to place an optimizing DC/DC voltage converter between the rectifier and the battery bank. The fourth is a combination of the series capacitors and the optimizing voltage controller. They also discuss both the limitations and the potential performance gain associated with each of the four configurations.

Drouilhet, S; Muljadi, E; Holz, R [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). Wind Technology Div.; Gevorgian, V [State Engineering Univ. of Armenia, Yerevan (Armenia)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind Model Wind Ordinance Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Small Wind Model Wind Ordinance Eligibility...

383

Wind Turbines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Although all wind turbines operate on similar principles, several varieties are in use today. These include horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines.

384

The Rotor-Router Model on Regular Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor-router model is a deterministic analogue of random walk. It can be used to define a deterministic growth model analogous to internal DLA. We show that if the initial rotor configuration is acyclic, then the set of occupied sites for rotor-router aggregation on an infinite regular tree is a perfect ball whenever it can be. This is proved by defining the rotor-router group of a graph, which we show is isomorphic to the sandpile group. We also address the question of recurrence and transience: We give two rotor configurations on the infinite ternary tree, one for which chips exactly alternate escaping to infinity with returning to the origin, and one for which every chip returns to the origin. We also characterize the possible "escape sequences" for the ternary tree, that is, binary words $a_1 ... a_n$ for which there exists a rotor configuration so that the $k$-th chip escapes to infinity if and only if $a_k=1$.

Landau, Itamar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Rotor-Router Model on Regular Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor-router model is a deterministic analogue of random walk. It can be used to define a deterministic growth model analogous to internal DLA. We show that the set of occupied sites for this model on an infinite regular tree is a perfect ball whenever it can be, provided the initial rotor configuration is acyclic (that is, no two neighboring vertices have rotors pointing to one another). This is proved by defining the rotor-router group of a graph, which we show is isomorphic to the sandpile group. We also address the question of recurrence and transience: We give two rotor configurations on the infinite ternary tree, one for which chips exactly alternate escaping to infinity with returning to the origin, and one for which every chip returns to the origin. Further, we characterize the possible “escape sequences ” for the ternary tree, that is, binary words a1... an for which there exists a rotor configuration so that the k-th chip escapes to infinity if and only if ak = 1. 1

Itamar L; Lionel Levine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The Rotor-Router Model on Regular Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rotor-router model is a deterministic analogue of random walk. It can be used to define a deterministic growth model analogous to internal DLA. We show that the set of occupied sites for this model on an infinite regular tree is a perfect ball whenever it can be, provided the initial rotor configuration is acyclic (that is, no two neighboring vertices have rotors pointing to one another). This is proved by defining the rotor-router group of a graph, which we show is isomorphic to the sandpile group. We also address the question of recurrence and transience: We give two rotor configurations on the infinite ternary tree, one for which chips exactly alternate escaping to infinity with returning to the origin, and one for which every chip returns to the origin. Further, we characterize the possible “escape sequences ” for the ternary tree, that is, binary words a1... an for which there exists a rotor configuration so that the k-th chip escapes to infinity if and only if ak = 1.

Itamar Landau; Lionel Levine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Copper in the Rotor for Lighter, Longer Lasting Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the advantages of substituting die-cast copper for aluminum in the motor rotor. This advance in motor technology has been long sought by the motor industry but short die life due to the high melting point of copper frustrated attempts to manufacture by pressure die casting. The nickel-base alloy hot die technology developed to solve the manufacturing problem is briefly reviewed. Development work done prior to the present program and commercial motors derived from that work have focused on the increased electrical energy efficiency achievable by using copper with its higher electrical conductivity in the rotor. Performance characteristics of example industrial motors are presented. Modification of the conductor bar shape to control in-rush current and starting torque to accommodate copper in the rotor will be discussed. Modeling by motor manufacturers has shown that by using copper in the rotor, a lighter motor than an aluminum rotor motor at the same efficiency can be built. An example of weight savings calculated for a 15 Hp (11 kW) motor is presented. Data presented here show that motors with copper rotors run cooler. Industry experience shows that cooler operation translates to reduced maintenance costs, improved reliability and longer motor life.

C. Stark; J. G. Cowie; D. T. Peters; E. F. Brush

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Kill Devil Hills Planning and Inspections In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy system to obtain a zoning permit from the town planning board. '''Size Requirements:''' Wind turbine towers are restricted to a height of 80 feet with a maximum rotor size of 23 feet in diameter. The combined

389

NREL: Wind Research - Large Wind Turbine Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Research Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Large Wind Turbine Research NREL's utility scale wind system research addresses performance and...

390

Wind Powering America: Wind Events  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

calendar.asp Lists upcoming wind calendar.asp Lists upcoming wind power-related events. en-us julie.jones@nrel.gov (Julie Jones) http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/images/wpa_logo_sm.jpg Wind Powering America: Wind Events http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/calendar.asp Pennsylvania Wind for Schools Educator Workshop https://www.regonline.com/builder/site/Default.aspx?EventID=1352684 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4068 Wed, 4 Dec 2013 00:00:00 MST 2014 Joint Action Workshop http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=3996 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=3996 Mon, 21 Oct 2013 00:00:00 MST AWEA Wind Project Operations and Maintenance and Safety Seminar http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4009 http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/filter_detail.asp?itemid=4009 Mon, 21

391

Wind turbine tower for storing hydrogen and energy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine tower assembly for storing compressed gas such as hydrogen. The tower assembly includes a wind turbine having a rotor, a generator driven by the rotor, and a nacelle housing the generator. The tower assembly includes a foundation and a tubular tower with one end mounted to the foundation and another end attached to the nacelle. The tower includes an in-tower storage configured for storing a pressurized gas and defined at least in part by inner surfaces of the tower wall. In one embodiment, the tower wall is steel and has a circular cross section. The in-tower storage may be defined by first and second end caps welded to the inner surface of the tower wall or by an end cap near the top of the tower and by a sealing element attached to the tower wall adjacent the foundation, with the sealing element abutting the foundation.

Fingersh, Lee Jay (Westminster, CO)

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

392

Structural effects of unsteady aerodynamic forces on horizontal-axis wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Due to its renewable nature and abundant resources, wind energy has the potential to fulfill a large portion of this nation`s energy needs. The simplest means of utilizing wind energy is through the use of downwind, horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) with fixed-pitch rotors. This configuration regulates the peak power by allowing the rotor blade to aerodynamically stall. The stall point, the point of maximum coefficient of lift, is currently predicted using data obtained from wind tunnel tests. Unfortunately, these tests do not accurately simulate conditions encountered in the field. Flow around the tower and nacelle coupled with inflow turbulence and rotation of the turbine blades create unpredicted aerodynamic forces. Dynamic stall is hypothesized to occur. Such aerodynamic loads are transmitted into the rotor and tower causing structural resonance that drastically reduces the design lifetime of the wind turbine. The current method of alleviating this problem is to structurally reinforce the tower and blades. However, this adds unneeded mass and, therefore, cost to the turbines. A better understanding of the aerodynamic forces and the manner in which they affect the structure would allow for the design of more cost effective and durable wind turbines. Data compiled by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for a downwind HAWT with constant chord, untwisted, fixed-pitch rotors is analyzed. From these data, the actual aerodynamic characteristics of the rotor are being portrayed and the potential effects upon the structure can for the first time be fully analyzed. Based upon their understanding, solutions to the problem of structural resonance are emerging.

Miller, M.S.; Shipley, D.E. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). BioServe Space Technologies

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Alstom 3-MW Wind Turbine Installed at NWTC (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 3-MW Alstom wind turbine was installed at NREL's NWTC in October 2010. Test data will be used to validate advanced turbine design and analysis tools. NREL signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with Alstom in 2010 to conduct certification testing on the company's 3-MW ECO 100 wind turbine and to validate models of Alstom's unique drivetrain concept. The turbine was installed at NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) in October 2010 and engineers began certification testing in 2011. Tests to be conducted by NREL include a power quality test to finalize the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) requirements for type certification of the 60-Hz unit. The successful outcome of this test will enable Alstom to begin commercial production of ECO 100 in the United States. NREL also will obtain additional measurements of power performance, acoustic noise, and system frequency to complement the 50 Hz results previously completed in Europe. After NREL completes the certification testing on the ECO 100, it will conduct long-term testing to validate gearbox performance to gain a better understanding of the machine's unique ALSTOM PURE TORQUE{trademark} drivetrain concept. In conventional wind turbines, the rotor is supported by the shaft-bearing gearbox assembly. Rotor loads are partially transmitted to the gearbox and may reduce gearbox reliability. In the ALSTOM PURE TORQUE concept, the rotor is supported by a cast frame running through the hub, which transfers bending loads directly to the tower. Torque is transmitted to the shaft through an elastic coupling at the front of the hub. According to Alstom, this system will increase wind turbine reliability and reduce operation and maintenance costs by isolating the gearbox from rotor loads. Gearbox reliability has challenged the wind energy industry for more than two decades. Gearbox failures require expensive and time-consuming replacement, significantly increasing the cost of wind plant operation while reducing the plant's power output and revenue. To solve gearbox reliability issues, NREL launched a Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) in 2006 and brought together the world's leading turbine manufacturers, consultants, and experts from more than 30 companies and organizations. GRC's goal was to validate the typical design process-from wind turbine system loads to bearing ratings-through a comprehensive dynamometer and field-test program. Design analyses will form a basis for improving reliability of future designs and retrofit packages. Through its study of Alstom's Eco 100 gearbox, NREL can compare its GRC model gearbox with Alstom's and add the results to the GRC database, which is helping to advance more reliable wind turbine technology.

Not Available

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Three-Dimensional Wind Retrieval: Application of MUSCAT to Dual-Doppler Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the field campaign of the Terrain-induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) in the spring of 2006, Doppler lidar measurements were taken in the complex terrain of the Californian Owens Valley for six weeks. While fast three-dimensional (3D) wind ...

Susanne Drechsel; Georg J. Mayr; Michel Chong; Martin Weissmann; Andreas Dörnbrack; Ronald Calhoun

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fluid---structure interaction modeling of wind turbines: simulating the full machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present our aerodynamics and fluid---structure interaction (FSI) computational techniques that enable dynamic, fully coupled, 3D FSI simulation of wind turbines at full scale, and in the presence of the nacelle and tower (i.e., simulation ... Keywords: ALE-VMS method, Fluid---structure interaction, Full machine, NREL 5 MW offshore, Rotor---tower interaction, Sliding-interface formulation, Wind turbine aerodynamics

Ming-Chen Hsu; Yuri Bazilevs

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures. Description/Summary: The Building and Fire Research Laboratory has an ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

397

Inverse Load Calculation of Wind Turbine Support Structures - A Numerical Verification Using the Comprehensive Simulation Code FAST: Preprint (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Physically measuring the dynamic responses of wind turbine support structures enables the calculation of the applied loads using an inverse procedure. In this process, inverse means deriving the inputs/forces from the outputs/responses. This paper presents results of a numerical verification of such an inverse load calculation. For this verification, the comprehensive simulation code FAST is used. FAST accounts for the coupled dynamics of wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity and turbine controls. Simulations are run using a 5-MW onshore wind turbine model with a tubular tower. Both the applied loads due to the instantaneous wind field and the resulting system responses are known from the simulations. Using the system responses as inputs to the inverse calculation, the applied loads are calculated, which in this case are the rotor thrust forces. These forces are compared to the rotor thrust forces known from the FAST simulations. The results of these comparisons are presented to assess the accuracy of the inverse calculation. To study the influences of turbine controls, load cases in normal operation between cut-in and rated wind speed, near rated wind speed and between rated and cut-out wind speed are chosen. The presented study shows that the inverse load calculation is capable of computing very good estimates of the rotor thrust. The accuracy of the inverse calculation does not depend on the control activity of the wind turbine.

Pahn, T.; Jonkman, J.; Rolges, R.; Robertson, A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy Leasing Handbook Wind Energy Leasing Handbook E-1033 Oklahoma Cooperative Extension?..................................................................................................................... 31 What do wind developers consider in locating wind energy projects?............................................................................................ 37 How do companies and individuals invest in wind energy projects?....................................................................

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

399

Wind Powering America: New England Wind Forum  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

About the New England Wind Forum About the New England Wind Forum New England Wind Energy Education Project Historic Wind Development in New England State Activities Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share The New England Wind Forum was conceived in 2005 as a platform to provide a single, comprehensive and objective source of up-to-date, Web-based information on a broad array of wind-energy-related issues pertaining to New England. The New England Wind Forum provides information to wind energy stakeholders through Web site features, periodic newsletters, and outreach activities. The New England Wind Forum covers the most frequently discussed wind energy topics.

400

Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radial gap brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34) also has at least one stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) separated from the rotor (32) by a secondary air gap (35e, 35f, 36e, 36f) so as to induce a secondary flux in the rotor (32) which controls a resultant flux in the main air gap (34). Permanent magnetic (PM) material (38) is disposed in spaces between the rotor pole portions (39) to inhibit the second flux from leaking from the pole portions (39) prior to reaching the main air gap (34). By selecting the direction of current in the stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) both flux enhancement and flux weakening are provided for the main air gap (34). Improvements of a laminated rotor, an end pole structure, and an arrangement of the PM elements for providing an arrangement of the flux paths from the auxiliary field coil assemblies are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN

2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Methods and apparatus for reduction of asymmetric rotor loads in ...  

A method for reducing load and providing yaw alignment in a wind turbine includes measuring displacements or moments resulting from asymmetric loads on the wind turbine.

402

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the average turbine’s rotor swept area has increasedthe average turbine hub height and rotor diameter also6. Average Turbine Capacity, Hub Height, and Rotor Diameter

Bolinger, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Self-regulating composite bearingless wind turbine. Final report, June 3, 1975--June 2, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Composite Bearingless Rotor (CBR) concept has been shown to have characteristics ideally suited for wind turbine applications. This rotor concept provides a fully self-regulating and self-aligning wind turbine. Such a system was achieved without the need for auxiliary controls or sensors. These features allow self-starting for wind initiating from any direction and automatic pitch and yaw variations to optimize performance under all normal wind conditions. The work described in this report consists of the design of a 4.5 ft dynamically scaled wind turbine model and the testing of this model in the United Technologies low speed wind tunnel. Several concepts were investigated which were designed to achieve self-regulation. Of these, a system which consisted of a hub supported pendulum integrated with the CBR blade provided the features desired. Testing of this configuration consisted of startups from any wind direction with wind speeds up to 30 mph. Stress and stability characteristics were investigated during the test program and the CBR wind turbine demonstrated low stress levels and highly stable response characteristics under all conditions tested.

Cheney, M.C.; Spierings, P.A.M.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Wind News  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters http://energy.gov/eere/articles/new-report-shows-trend-toward-larger-offshore-wind-systems-11-advanced-stage-projects wind-systems-11-advanced-stage-projects" class="title-link">New Report Shows Trend Toward Larger Offshore Wind Systems, with 11 Advanced Stage Projects Proposed in U.S. Waters

405

Wind Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the best wind power generation potential near WIPP is along the Delaware Mountain ridge line of the southern Guadalupe Mountains,...

406

Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines < Back Eligibility Industrial Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 01/01/03 State Oklahoma Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount Based on square footage of rotor swept area: 25.00/ft^2 for 2005 through 2012 Provider Oklahoma Tax Commission '''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for small wind turbines manufactured on or after July 1, 2012.''''' Oklahoma offers an income tax credit to the manufacturers of small wind turbines for tax years 2003 through 2012. Oklahoma manufacturers of wind turbines with a rated capacity of between 1 kilowatt (kW) and 50 kW are

407

A Progress Report on the Characterization and Modeling of a Very Flexible Wind Turbine Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The combination of increasing turbine rotor diameters and the desire to achieve long lifetimes has placed increased emphasis on understanding the response of flexible turbine structures in a turbulent inflow environment. One approach to increase fatigue lifetimes has been to design structures that can either shed or adequately absorb turbulent loads through the use of flexible rotors and support towers, and hubs and nacelles that exhibit multiple degrees of angular freedom. The inevitable result in such designs is a substantial increase in dynamic complexity. In order to develop a sufficient knowledge of such concepts, extensive measurements coupled with detailed analytical simulations of a flexible turbine design are required. The Wind Eagle 300 turbine, with its lightweight flexible rotor and hub, meets these criteria and is currently being investigated. In this paper we discuss a few early results from our recently completed field measurement effort. We found that the turbine rotor response was dominated by a once-per-revolution oscillation that was responsible for large cyclic variations in the output power. The available evidence points to a rotor imbalance related to structural differences in one of the blades and misalignment of the pitch angles. We also compared the variation in mean out-of-plane bending loads with wind speed with a conventional rigid hub design.

Kelley, N. D.; Wright, A. D.; Osgood, R. M.

1998-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

408

Method and apparatus for assembling permanent magnet rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet assembly for assembly in large permanent magnet motors and generators includes a two-piece carrier that can be slid into a slot in the rotor and then secured in place using a set screw. The invention also provides an auxiliary carrier device with guide rails that line up with the teeth of the rotor, so that a permanent magnet assembly can be pushed first into a slot, and then down the slot to its proper location. An auxiliary tool is provided to move the permanent magnet assembly into position in the slot before it is secured in place. Methods of assembling and disassembling the magnet assemblies in the rotor are also disclosed. 2 figs.

Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

409

Rotating Shake Test and Modal Analysis of a Model Helicopter Rotor Blade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating blade frequencies for a model generic helicopter rotor blade mounted on an articulated hub were experimentally determined. Testing was conducted using the Aeroelastic Rotor Experimental System (ARES) testbed in the Helicopter Hover Facility ...

Wilkie W. Keats; Mirick Paul H.; Langston Chester W.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Hydrogen Storage in Wind Turbine Towers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low-cost hydrogen storage is recognized as a cornerstone of a renewables-hydrogen economy. Modern utility-scale wind turbine towers are typically conical steel structures that, in addition to supporting the rotor, could be used to store hydrogen. This study has three objectives: (1) Identify the paramount considerations associated with using a wind turbine tower for hydrogen storage; (2)Propose and analyze a cost-effective design for a hydrogen-storing tower; and (3) Compare the cost of storage in hydrogen towers to the cost of storage in conventional pressure vessels. The paramount considerations associated with a hydrogen tower are corrosion (in the form of hydrogen embrittlement) and structural failure (through bursting or fatigue life degradation). Although hydrogen embrittlement (HE) requires more research, it does not appear to prohibit the use of turbine towers for hydrogen storage. Furthermore, the structural modifications required to store hydrogen in a tower are not cost prohibitive.

Kottenstette, R.; Cotrell, J.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Passive load control for large wind turbines.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy research activities at Sandia National Laboratories focus on developing large rotors that are lighter and more cost-effective than those designed with current technologies. Because gravity scales as the cube of the blade length, gravity loads become a constraining design factor for very large blades. Efforts to passively reduce turbulent loading has shown significant potential to reduce blade weight and capture more energy. Research in passive load reduction for wind turbines began at Sandia in the late 1990's and has moved from analytical studies to blade applications. This paper discusses the test results of two Sandia prototype research blades that incorporate load reduction techniques. The TX-100 is a 9-m long blade that induces bend-twist coupling with the use of off-axis carbon in the skin. The STAR blade is a 27-m long blade that induces bend-twist coupling by sweeping the blade in a geometric fashion.

Ashwill, Thomas D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Aerodynamic testing of a rotating wind turbine blade  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Aerodynamic, load, flow-visualization, and inflow measurements were taken on a downwind horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT). A video camera mounted on the rotor recorded video images of tufts attached to the low-pressure side of the blade. Strain gages, mounted every 10% of the blade's span, provided load and pressure measurements. Pressure taps at 32 chordwise positions recorded pressure distributions. Wind inflow was measured via a vertical-plane array of anemometers located 10 m upwind. The objectives of the test were to address whether airfoil pressure distributions measured on a rotating blade differed from those measured in the wind tunnel, if radial flow near or in the boundary layer of the airfoil affected pressure distributions, if dynamic stall could result in increased dynamic loads, and if the location of the separation boundary measured on the rotating blade agreed with that measured in two-dimensional flow in the wind tunnel. 6 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Butterfield, C.P.; Nelsen, E.N.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Rotor-router aggregation on the layered square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In rotor-router aggregation on the square lattice Z^2, particles starting at the origin perform deterministic analogues of random walks until reaching an unoccupied site. The limiting shape of the cluster of occupied sites is a disk. We consider a small change to the routing mechanism for sites on the x- and y-axes, resulting in a limiting shape which is a diamond instead of a disk. We show that for a certain choice of initial rotors, the occupied cluster grows as a perfect diamond.

Kager, Wouter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Quantum phase transitions in the quasi-periodic kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a microscopic theory of transport in quasi-periodically driven environments (`kicked rotors'), as realized in recent atom optic experiments. We find that the behavior of these systems depends sensitively on the value of Planck's constant $\\tilde h$: for irrational values of $\\tilde h/(4\\pi)$ they fall into the universality class of disordered electronic systems and we derive the microscopic theory of the ensuing localization phenomena. In contrast, for rational values the rotor-Anderson insulator acquires an infinite (static) conductivity and turns into a `super-metal'. Signatures of the corresponding metal/super-metal transition are discussed.

Chushun Tian; Alexander Altland; Markus Garst

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

415

Wind Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to electricity by rotating propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor turns the drive shaft, which turns an electric generator. Three key factors affect the amount of...

416

Yaw dynamics of horizontal axis wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Designers of a horizontal axis wind turbine yaw mechanism are faced with a difficult decision. They know that if they elect to use a yaw- controlled rotor then the system will suffer increased initial cost and increased inherent maintenance and reliability problems. On the other hand, if they elect to allow the rotor to freely yaw they known they will have to account for unknown and random, though bounded, yaw rates. They will have a higher-risk design to trade-off against the potential for cost savings and reliability improvement. The risk of a yaw-free system could be minimized if methods were available for analyzing and understanding yaw behavior. The complexity of yaw behavior has, until recently, discouraged engineers from developing a complete yaw analysis method. The objectives of this work are to (1) provide a fundamental understanding of free-yaw mechanics and the design concepts most effective at eliminating yaw problems, and (2) provide tested design tools and guidelines for use by free-yaw wind systems manufacturers. The emphasis is on developing practical and sufficiently accurate design methods.

Hansen, A.C. (Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Strengthening Americas Energy Security with Offshore Wind (Fact Sheet) (Revised), Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

crane mounted on a barge designed for offshore crane mounted on a barge designed for offshore wind turbine installation lifts a rotor into place. Photo courtesy of © DOTI 2009-alpha ventus Offshore wind energy is a clean, domestic, renewable resource that can help the United States meet its critical energy, environmental, and economic challenges. By generating electricity from offshore wind turbines, the nation can reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, diversify its energy supply, provide cost-competitive electricity to key coastal regions, and help revitalize key sectors of its economy, including manufacturing. However, realizing these benefits will require overcoming key barriers to the development and deployment of offshore wind technology, including its relatively high cost of energy, technical challenges surrounding installation and

418

A new field balancing method of rotor systems based on holospectrum and genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field balancing of flexible rotor system is a key technique to reduce turbine vibration in power plants. Traditional balancing methods are generally based on the information from a unidirectional sensor. In fact, the motion of a rotor system is a complex ... Keywords: Field balancing, Flexible rotor, Genetic algorithm, Holospectrum

Shi Liu; Liangsheng Qu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Unsteady rotor-stator interaction in a low pressure centrifugal compressor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to study the unsteady rotor-stator interaction in a low-pressure centrifugal compressor using the finite volume method to solve the Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes. In order to understand better, the rotor-stator interaction, ... Keywords: Adamczyk decomposition, CFD, POD, URANS, compressor, unsteady rotor-stator interaction

Mihai Leonida Niculescu; Sterian D?n?il?

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A permanent-magnet rotor for a high-temperature superconducting bearing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design, fabrication, and performance, of a 1/3-m dia., 10-kg flywheel rotor with only one bearing is discussed. To achieve low-loss energy storage, the rotor`s segmented-ring permanent-magnet (PM) is optimized for levitation and circumferential homogeneity. The magnet`s carbon composite bands enable practical energy storage.

Mulcahy, T.M.; Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Abboud, R.G. [Commonwealth Research Corp., Chicago, IL (United States); Wise, J.H.; Carnegie, D.W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Engineering Science

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Modeling and linear function parametric identification for a helicopter main rotor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of a helicopter test rotor obtained according to the Euler-Lagrange approach is presented. A simplified linear representation for this model, suitable for control system design, is also proposed. The dynamics of the helicopter test rotor are ... Keywords: helicopter rotors, identification, modeling

José M. Molinar-Monterrubio; Rafael Castro-Linares; Eduardo Licéaga-Castro

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

To Design, Build and Test a Wireless Measurement System for Machine Rotor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wireless measurement system was designed to detect the rotor current of an induction machine. The reason of using wireless technique instead of wire is that it is difficult to connect measured components with wire directly from the rotor which is running ... Keywords: wireless measurement system, machine rotor

Jieyin Zhang; Minxia Zhang

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Evaluation of Wind Shear Patterns at Midwest Wind Energy Facilities: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy-Electric Power Research Institute (DOE-EPRI) Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP) has included several wind energy facilities in the Midwestern United States. At several of these projects, a strong diurnal shear pattern has been observed. During the day, low and sometimes negative shear has been measured. During night hours, very high positive shear is frequently observed. These high nighttime shear values are of concern due to the potential for high stresses across the rotor. The resulting loads on turbine components could result in failures. Conversely, the effects of high nighttime wind shear could benefit wind generated energy production in the Midwest by providing a source of greater hub-height wind speeds, particularly for multi-megawatt turbines that utilize tall towers. This paper presents an overview of the observed wind shear at each of the Midwest TVP projects, focusing on diurnal patterns and the frequency of very high nighttime shear at the sites. Turbine fault incidence is examined to determine the presence or absence of a correlation to periods of high shear. Implications of shear-related failures are discussed for other Midwest projects that use megawatt-scale turbines. In addition, this paper discusses the importance of accurate shear estimates for project development.

Smith, K.; Randall, G.; Malcolm, D.; Kelley, N.; Smith, B.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

NREL: Wind Research - Wind Resource Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Resource Assessment Wind Resource Assessment A map of the United States is color-coded to indicate the high winds at 80 meters. This map shows the wind resource at 80 meters for both land-based and offshore wind resources in the United States. Correct estimation of the energy available in the wind can make or break the economics of wind plant development. Wind mapping and validation techniques developed at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) along with collaborations with U.S. companies have produced high-resolution maps of the United States that provide wind plant developers with accurate estimates of the wind resource potential. State Wind Maps International Wind Resource Maps Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools Due to the existence of special use airspace (SUA) (i.e., military airspace

425

New England Wind Forum: Wind Power Technology  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind Power Technology Wind Power Technology Modern wind turbines have become sophisticated power plants while the concept of converting wind energy to electrical energy remains quite simple. Follow these links to learn more about the science behind wind turbine technology. Wind Power Animation An image of a scene from the wind power animation. The animation shows how moving air rotates a wind turbine's blades and describes how the internal components work to produce electricity. It shows small and large wind turbines and the differences between how they are used, as stand alone or connected to the utility grid. How Wind Turbines Work Learn how wind turbines make electricity; what are the types, sizes, and applications of wind turbines; and see an illustration of the components inside a wind turbine.

426

Balancing of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In the future, renewable energy share, especially wind power share, in electricity generation is expected to increase. Due to nature of the wind, wind… (more)

Ülker, Muhammed Akif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Wind-Stress Coefficients at Light Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase of the wind-stress coefficient with wind velocity was found to start with winds as light as 3 m s?1, below which, following the formula for aerodynamically smooth flows, the wind-stress coefficient decreases as the wind velocity ...

Jin Wu

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

SEACC: the systems engineering and analysis computer code for small wind systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The systems engineering and analysis (SEA) computer program (code) evaluates complete horizontal-axis SWECS performance. Rotor power output as a function of wind speed and energy production at various wind regions are predicted by the code. Efficiencies of components such as gearbox, electric generators, rectifiers, electronic inverters, and batteries can be included in the evaluation process to reflect the complete system performance. Parametric studies can be carried out for blade design characteristics such as airfoil series, taper rate, twist degrees and pitch setting; and for geometry such as rotor radius, hub radius, number of blades, coning angle, rotor rpm, etc. Design tradeoffs can also be performed to optimize system configurations for constant rpm, constant tip speed ratio and rpm-specific rotors. SWECS energy supply as compared to the load demand for each hour of the day and during each session of the year can be assessed by the code if the diurnal wind and load distributions are known. Also available during each run of the code is blade aerodynamic loading information.

Tu, P.K.C.; Kertesz, V.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Acoustic ranging technique with application to assessment of low-frequency acoustic noise of wind turbines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Impulsive low-frequency noise from wind turbines can cause annoyance particularly when a residential structure is involved. Such noise is typically generated in some spatially restricted region of a turbine rotor swept area. Low-frequency impulsive noise of the MOD-1 turbine was generated when the rotor blades passed downwind of the tower legs encountering the complex unsteady flows there. An acoustic ranging technique that aids assessment of the degree of concentration of acoustic generation within the turbine swept area and which determines the time-average spatial source region of such concentration is described. Practical applications and limitations of the process are discussed.

Hemphill, R.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Theoretical and experimental power from large horizontal-axis wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

A method for calculating the output power from large horizontal-axis wind turbines is presented. Modifications to the airfoil characteristics and the momentum portion of classical blade element-momentum theory are given that improve correlation with measured data. Improvement is particularly evident at low tip speed ratios where aerodynamic stall can occur as the blade experiences high angles of attack. Output power calculated using the modified theory is compared with measured data for several large wind turbines. These wind turbines range in size from the DOE/NASA 100 kW Mod-O (38 m rotor diameter) to the 2000 kW Mod-1 (61 m rotor diameter). The calculated results are in good agreement with measured data from these machines.

Viterna, L A; Janetzke, D C

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies: Technical Area 4 -- Balance-of-Station Cost  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Wind Partnerships for Advanced Component Technologies (WindPACT) program explores the most advanced wind-generating technologies for improving reliability and decreasing energy costs. The first step in the WindPact program is a scaling study to bound the optimum sizes for wind turbines, to define size limits for certain technologies, and to scale new technologies. The program is divided into four projects: Composite Blades for 80-120-meter Rotors; Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics; Self-Erecting Tower and Nacelle Feasibility; and Balance-of-Station Cost. This report discusses balance-of-station costs, which includes the electrical power collector system, wind turbine foundations, communications and controls, meteorological equipment, access roadways, crane pads, and the maintenance building. The report is based on a conceptual 50-megawatt (MW) wind farm site near Mission, South Dakota. Cost comparisons are provided for four sizes of wind turbines: 750 kilowatt (kW), 2.5 MW, 5.0 MW, and 10.0 MW.

Shafer, D. A.; Strawmyer, K. R.; Conley, R. M.; Guidinger J. H.; Wilkie, D. C.; Zellman, T. F.

2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

432

Cirriform Rotor Cloud Observed on a Canadian Arctic Ice Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thin rotor cloud was observed on the lee side of Penny Ice Cap in the Canadian Arctic on 21 April 1996. The cloud consisted of thin cirriform layers, so that its motion was clearly observed. By means of time-lapse camera photography, the ...

Hisashi Ozawa; Kumiko Goto-Azuma; Koyuru Iwanami; Roy M. Koerner

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Early Observations of Rotor Clouds by Andrija Mohorovi?i?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article delivers a short history of the early quantitative documentation of a rotor-type circulation in the bora-type flow on the northern Adriatic by Andrija Mohorovi?i?, an all-around geophysicist and the father of Croatian geophysical ...

Vanda Grubiši?; Mirko Orli?

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Counter Rotating Open Rotor Animation using Particle Image Velocimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article describes the two accompanying fluid dynamics videos for the "Counter rotating open rotor flow field investigation using stereoscopic Particle Image Velocimetry" presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics in Baltimore, Maryland, November 20-22, 2011.

Roosenboom, E W M; Geisler, R; Pallek, D; Agocs, J; Neitzke, K -P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Helical-rotor expander applications for geothermal energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The helical-rotor expander is one of numerous candidates for the direct ''total flow'' expansion of geothermal fluids. The potential exists for expansion efficiencies as high as 70 percent. Engine efficiencies will generally be below 70 percent because of an expansion-ratio limitation of 15 and a maximum pressure differential of 110 psi. Single-stage expansion of self-pumped geothermal fluids from reservoirs at 350 to 752/sup 0/F gives engine efficiencies in the range from 57.3 to 43.1 percent. Calculated rotor diameters range from 10.5 to 41.6 ft for a range of outputs of 5 to 40 MW. Two-stage expansion of fluid from the 572/sup 0/F reservoir gives an engine efficiency of 62.3 percent and a 21 percent reduction in the diameter of the larger rotor. Rotor diameters can be held to more reasonable sizes by using the expander in combination with a vapor turbine.

House, P.A.

1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Coplanar Doppler Lidar Retrieval of Rotors from T-REX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dual-Doppler analysis of data from two coherent lidars during the Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) allows the retrieval of flow structures, such as vortices, during mountain-wave events. The spatial and temporal resolution of this ...

Michael Hill; Ron Calhoun; H. J. S. Fernando; Andreas Wieser; Andreas Dörnbrack; Martin Weissmann; Georg Mayr; Robert Newsom

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

New England Wind Forum: Large Wind  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Small Wind Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Large Wind When establishing wind farms, wind energy developers generally approach landowners where they want to build. Interest in wind farms is frequently spurred by external pressures such as tax and other financial incentives and legislative mandates. Since each situation is influenced by local policies and permitting, we can only provide general guidance to help you learn about the process of installing wind turbines. Publications Wind Project Development Process Permitting of Wind Energy Facilities: A Handbook. (August 2002). National Wind Coordinating Collaborative. Landowner Frequently Asked Questions and Answers. (August 2003). "State Wind Working Group Handbook." pp. 130-133.

438

NREL: Wind Research - International Wind Resource Maps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Resource Maps NREL is helping to develop high-resolution projections of wind resources worldwide. This allows for more accurate siting of wind turbines and has led to the...

439

NREL: Wind Research - Wind Project Development Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Project Development Updates A 2.3 megawatt Siemens wind turbine nacelle on route to the Record Hill Wind project in Roxbury, Maine. January 14, 2013 As a result of the...

440

UNSTEADY SIMULATION OF FLOW IN MICRO VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though wind turbines and windmills have been used for centuries, the application of aerodynamics technology to improve reliability and reduce costs of wind-generated energy has only been pursued in earnest for the past 40 years. Today, wind energy is mainly used to generate electricity. Wind is a renewable energy source. Power production from wind turbines is affected by certain conditions: wind speed, turbine speed, turbulence and the changes of wind direction. These conditions are not always optimal and have negative effects on most turbines. The present turbine is supposed to be less affected by these conditions because the blades combine a rotating movement around each own axis and around the nacelle’s one. Due to this combination of movements, flow around this turbine can be more highly unsteady, because of great blade stagger angles. The turbine has a rotor with three straight blades of symmetrical airfoil. Paper presents unsteady simulations that have been performed for one wind velocity, and different initial blades stagger angles. The influence of interaction of blades is studied for one specific constant rotational speed among the four rotational speeds that have been studied.

A. C. Bayeul-lainé; G. Bois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor speed measurements as control variable inputs. The dependence on the accuracy of the measurement devices makes the controller less reliable. The proposed control scheme is based on the stiff system concept and provides a fast response and a dynamic solution to the complicated aerodynamic system. This control scheme provides a response to the wind changes without the knowledge of wind speed and turbine parameters. The system consists of a permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM), a passive rectifier, a dc/dc boost converter, a current controlled voltage source inverter, and a microcontroller that commands the dc/dc converter to control the generator for maximum power extraction. The microcontroller will also be able to control the current output of the three-phase inverter. In this work, the aerodynamic characteristics of wind turbines and the power conversion system topology are explained. The maximum power tracking control algorithm with a variable step estimator is introduced and the modeling and simulation of the wind turbine generator system using the MATLAB/SIMULINK® software is presented and its results show, at least in principle, that the maximum power tracking algorithm developed is suitable for wind turbine generation systems.

Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Abstract--In doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECS), the DFIG is interfaced to the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--In doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind energy conversion systems (WECS), the DFIG is interfaced to the AC network through grid side voltage source converter (GSC) and rotor side-link within permissible limits. The sensitivity of DFIG to external faults has motivated researchers

Pota, Himanshu Roy

443

NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Options Site Map Printable Version Offshore Standards and Testing NREL's Offshore Wind Testing Capabilities 35 years of wind turbine testing experience Custom high speed data...

444

Design studies for twist-coupled wind turbine blades.  

SciTech Connect

This study presents results obtained for four hybrid designs of the Northern Power Systems (NPS) 9.2-meter prototype version of the ERS-100 wind turbine rotor blade. The ERS-100 wind turbine rotor blade was designed and developed by TPI composites. The baseline design uses e-glass unidirectional fibers in combination with {+-}45-degree and random mat layers for the skin and spar cap. This project involves developing structural finite element models of the baseline design and carbon hybrid designs with and without twist-bend coupling. All designs were evaluated for a unit load condition and two extreme wind conditions. The unit load condition was used to evaluate the static deflection, twist and twist-coupling parameter. Maximum deflections and strains were determined for the extreme wind conditions. Linear and nonlinear buckling loads were determined for a tip load condition. The results indicate that carbon fibers can be used to produce twist-coupled designs with comparable deflections, strains and buckling loads to the e-glass baseline.

Valencia, Ulyses (Wichita State University, Wichita, KS); Locke, James (Wichita State University, Wichita, KS)

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Measurement of turbulent wind velocities using a rotating boom apparatus  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present report covers both the development of a rotating-boom facility and the evaluation of the spectral energy of the turbulence measured relative to the rotating boom. The rotating boom is composed of a helicopter blade driven through a pulley speed reducer by a variable speed motor. The boom is mounted on a semiportable tower that can be raised to provide various ratios of hub height to rotor diameter. The boom can be mounted to rotate in either the vertical or horizontal plane. Probes that measure the three components of turbulence can be mounted at any location along the radius of the boom. Special hot-film sensors measured two components of the turbulence at a point directly in front of the rotating blade. By using the probe rotated 90/sup 0/ about its axis, the third turbulent velocity component was measured. Evaluation of the spectral energy distributions for the three components of velocity indicates a large concentration of energy at the rotational frequency. At frequencies slightly below the rotational frequency, the spectral energy is greatly reduced over that measured for the nonrotating case measurements. Peaks in the energy at frequencies that are multiples of the rotation frequency were also observed. We conclude that the rotating boom apparatus is suitable and ready to be used in experiments for developing and testing sensors for rotational measurement of wind velocity from wind turbine rotors. It also can be used to accurately measure turbulent wind for testing theories of rotationally sampled wind velocity.

Sandborn, V.A.; Connell, J.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors for Improved Wind Turbine Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Orbital Research Inc is developing an innovative Plasma Aerodynamic Control Effectors (PACE) technology for improved performance of wind turbines. The PACE system is aimed towards the design of "smart" rotor blades to enhance energy capture and reduce aerodynamic loading and noise using flow-control. The PACE system will provide ability to change aerodynamic loads and pitch distribution across the wind turbine blade without any moving surfaces. Additional benefits of the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that should translate into a substantially reduced initial cost. During the Phase I program, the ORI-UND Team demonstrated (proof-of-concept) performance improvements on select rotor blade designs using PACE concepts. Control of both 2-D and 3-D flows were demonstrated. An analytical study was conducted to estimate control requirements for the PACE system to maintain control during wind gusts. Finally, independent laboratory experiments were conducted to identify promising dielectric materials for the plasma actuator, and to examine environmental effects (water and dust) on the plasma actuator operation. The proposed PACE system will be capable of capturing additional energy, and reducing aerodynamic loading and noise on wind turbines. Supplementary benefits from the PACE system include reduced blade structure weight and complexity that translates into reduced initial capital costs.

Mehul P. Patel; Srikanth Vasudevan; Robert C. Nelson; Thomas C. Corke

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Topic: Wind Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topic: Wind Engineering. Forty-Fourth Meeting of the UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects. NIST researchers collected ...

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Extreme Wind Speeds: Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Algorithms for Generating Large Sets of Synthetic Directional Wind Speed Data for Hurricane, Thunderstorm, and Synoptic Winds," NIST Technical ...

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

449

Steam Turbine Rotor Life Assessment and Extension: Evaluation of Retired Rotors: Volume 1: Quantification of NDE Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past, uncertainty in defect sizing during boresonic inspection has been a major source of inaccuracy in assessing the remaining life of steam turbine rotors. This report provides correlations between the boresonically reported defect sizes and the measured metallurgical sizes for

1994-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Webinars  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Webinars Small Wind Turbine Webinars Here you will find webinars about small wind turbines that NREL hosted. Introducing WindLease(tm): Making Wind Energy Affordable NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version.) Date: August 1, 2013 Run Time: 40 minutes Joe Hess, VP of Business Development at United Wind, described United Wind's WindQuote and WindLease Program and explained the process from the dealer's and consumer's perspective. Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association NREL and the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) Wind Division co-hosted this webinar. (Text Version). Date: March 7, 2013 Run Time: 1 hour Russel Smith, Texas Renewable Energy Industries Association executive director and co-founder, provided an overview of the trade association

451

New England Wind Forum: Small Wind  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind for Schools Project Funding Case Studies: Thomas Harrison Middle School, Virginia Wind for Schools Project Funding Case Studies: Thomas Harrison Middle School, Virginia August 26, 2013 Workshop Explores Information's Role in Wind Project Siting: A Wind Powering America Success Story November 19, 2012 More News Subscribe to News Updates Events Renewable Energy Market Update Webinar January 29, 2014 Strategic Energy Planning: Webinar February 26, 2014 Introduction to Wind Systems March 10, 2014 More Events Publications 2012 Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications August 12, 2013 More Publications Features Sign up for the New England Wind Forum Newsletter. New England Wind Forum About the New England Wind Forum New England Wind Energy Education Project Historic Wind Development in New England State Activities Projects in New England

452

NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Wind Turbine Development Small Wind Turbine Development A photo of Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine in front of a home. PIX14936 Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine. A photo of the Endurance wind turbine. PIX15006 The Endurance wind turbine. A photo of the Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. PIX07301 The Atlantic Orient Corporation 15/50 wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center. NREL supports continued market expansion of small wind turbines by funding manufacturers through competitive solicitations (i.e., subcontracts and/or grants) to refine prototype systems leading to commercialization. Learn more about the turbine development projects below. Skystream NREL installed and tested an early prototype of this turbine at the

453

Analysis of Cycling Costs in Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) examined the impact of up to 30% penetration of variable renewable generation on the Western Electricity Coordinating Council system. Although start-up costs and higher operating costs because of part-load operation of thermal generators were included in the analysis, further investigation of additional costs associated with thermal unit cycling was deemed worthwhile. These additional cycling costs can be attributed to increases in capital as well as operations and maintenance costs because of wear and tear associated with increased unit cycling. This analysis examines the additional cycling costs of the thermal fleet by leveraging the results of WWSIS Phase 1 study.

Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Wind energy conversion. Volume IX. Aerodynamics of wind turbine with tower disturbances  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lifting line theory which is the counterpart of Prandtl's lifting line theory for rotating wing is employed for the overall performance analysis of a horizontal axis wind turbine rotor operating in a uniform flow. The wake system is modeled by non-rigid wake which includes the radial expansion and the axial retardation of trailing vortices. For the non-uniform flow which are caused by the ground, the tower reflection, or the tower shadow, the unsteady airloads acting on the turbine blade are computed, using lifting line theory and a non-rigid wake model. An equation which gives the wind profile in the tower shadow region is developed. Also, the equations to determine pitch angle control are derived to minimize the flapping moment variations or the thrust variations due to the non-uniform flow over a rotation.

Chung, S.Y.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

WARP TM TECHNOLOGY FOR LOW COST & ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY MARINE BASED WIND POWER PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Major consideration and effort has gone into the selection of locations for wind power plants with relatively high wind speed which is relatively near the place of energy demand. The reason is that as wind speed increases, collectable energy from the wind increases by the third power. That is, in a location with 20 % higher wind speed, it is possible to generate 73 % more power. If 50 % higher wind velocity is available, 300 % more power and energy can be generated. The ‘father of modern day wind power’, William Heronemus, former US Nuclear Navy officer, Engineering Professor of the University of Massachusetts, recognized this and therefore proposed offshore wind power plants which helped launch the wind industry in 1972 with his landmark paper (Ref. 1). However, subsequent studies in the US and Europe found that proposed large diameter windmills in offshore installations are relatively uneconomic (Ref. 2, 3) due to a number of unavoidable characteristic features. Recently, Danish wind power firms are finding reasonably promising economic performance when such turbines are limited to very shallow water of 3-5 meters near land where no platform is required to support them (Ref. 4 & 5). However, ENECO’s Wind Amplified Rotor Platform (WARP TM) technology when applied in spar buoy design configuration has exceptional features and benefits desired by an offshore wind power plant:

Dr. David; L. Rainey; Alfred L. Weisbrich

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Coupled Dynamic Modeling of Floating Wind Turbine Systems: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This article presents a collaborative research program that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have undertaken to develop innovative and cost-effective floating and mooring systems for offshore wind turbines in water depths of 10-200 m. Methods for the coupled structural, hydrodynamic, and aerodynamic analysis of floating wind turbine systems are presented in the frequency domain. This analysis was conducted by coupling the aerodynamics and structural dynamics code FAST [4] developed at NREL with the wave load and response simulation code WAMIT (Wave Analysis at MIT) [15] developed at MIT. Analysis tools were developed to consider coupled interactions between the wind turbine and the floating system. These include the gyroscopic loads of the wind turbine rotor on the tower and floater, the aerodynamic damping introduced by the wind turbine rotor, the hydrodynamic damping introduced by wave-body interactions, and the hydrodynamic forces caused by wave excitation. Analyses were conducted for two floater concepts coupled with the NREL 5-MW Offshore Baseline wind turbine in water depths of 10-200 m: the MIT/NREL Shallow Drafted Barge (SDB) and the MIT/NREL Tension Leg Platform (TLP). These concepts were chosen to represent two different methods of achieving stability to identify differences in performance and cost of the different stability methods. The static and dynamic analyses of these structures evaluate the systems' responses to wave excitation at a range of frequencies, the systems' natural frequencies, and the standard deviations of the systems' motions in each degree of freedom in various wind and wave environments. This article in various wind and wave environments. This article explores the effects of coupling the wind turbine with the floating platform, the effects of water depth, and the effects of wind speed on the systems' performance. An economic feasibility analysis of the two concepts was also performed. Key cost components included the material and construction costs of the buoy; material and installation costs of the tethers, mooring lines, and anchor technologies; costs of transporting and installing the system at the chosen site; and the cost of mounting the wind turbine to the platform. The two systems were evaluated based on their static and dynamic performance and the total system installed cost. Both systems demonstrated acceptable motions, and have estimated costs of $1.4-$1.8 million, not including the cost of the wind turbine, the power electronics, or the electrical transmission.

Wayman, E. N.; Sclavounos, P. D.; Butterfield, S.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Coupled Dynamic Modeling of Floating Wind Turbine Systems: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This article presents a collaborative research program that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have undertaken to develop innovative and cost-effective floating and mooring systems for offshore wind turbines in water depths of 10-200 m. Methods for the coupled structural, hydrodynamic, and aerodynamic analysis of floating wind turbine systems are presented in the frequency domain. This analysis was conducted by coupling the aerodynamics and structural dynamics code FAST [4] developed at NREL with the wave load and response simulation code WAMIT (Wave Analysis at MIT) [15] developed at MIT. Analysis tools were developed to consider coupled interactions between the wind turbine and the floating system. These include the gyroscopic loads of the wind turbine rotor on the tower and floater, the aerodynamic damping introduced by the wind turbine rotor, the hydrodynamic damping introduced by wave-body interactions, and the hydrodynamic forces caused by wave excitation. Analyses were conducted for two floater concepts coupled with the NREL 5-MW Offshore Baseline wind turbine in water depths of 10-200 m: the MIT/NREL Shallow Drafted Barge (SDB) and the MIT/NREL Tension Leg Platform (TLP). These concepts were chosen to represent two different methods of achieving stability to identify differences in performance and cost of the different stability methods. The static and dynamic analyses of these structures evaluate the systems' responses to wave excitation at a range of frequencies, the systems' natural frequencies, and the standard deviations of the systems' motions in each degree of freedom in various wind and wave environments. This article in various wind and wave environments. This article explores the effects of coupling the wind turbine with the floating platform, the effects of water depth, and the effects of wind speed on the systems' performance. An economic feasibility analysis of the two concepts was also performed. Key cost components included the material and construction costs of the buoy; material and installation costs of the tethers, mooring lines, and anchor technologies; costs of transporting and installing the system at the chosen site; and the cost of mounting the wind turbine to the platform. The two systems were evaluated based on their static and dynamic performance and the total system installed cost. Both systems demonstrated acceptable motions, and have estimated costs of $1.4-$1.8 million, not including the cost of the wind turbine, the power electronics, or the electrical transmission.

Wayman, E. N.; Sclavounos, P. D.; Butterfield, S.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Horizon Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) does not have regulatory authority specific to wind power development at this time. WDFW is an agency with environmental expertise as provided for through the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 197-11-920. Comments related to environmental impacts are provided to regulatory authorities through the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 43.21C review process.

Cover Photo; Nina Carter; Heath Packard; Lisa Paribello; Craig Dublanko; Dana Peck; Nicole Hughes; Bill Robinson; Robert Kruse; Arlo Corwin; Joe Buchanan; Ted Clausing; Eric Cummins; Travis Nelson; Eric Pentico; Mike Ritter; Jeff Tayer; James Watson; William Weiler; David Mcclure

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Offshore Wind Research Offshore Wind Research Photo of a European offshore wind farm. Early progress in European Offshore Wind Energy over the last decade provides a glimpse into the vast potential of the global offshore resource. For more than eight years, NREL has worked with the Department of Energy to become an international leader in offshore wind energy research. Capabilities NREL's offshore wind capabilities focus on critical areas that reflect the long-term needs of the offshore wind energy industry and the U.S. Department of Energy including: Offshore Design Tools and Methods Offshore Standards and Testing Energy Analysis of Offshore Systems Offshore Wind Resource Characterization Grid Integration of Offshore Wind Key Research NREL documented the status of offshore wind energy in the United States in

460

NREL: Wind Research - Site Wind Resource Characteristics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Wind Resource Characteristics Site Wind Resource Characteristics A graphic showing the location of National Wind Technology Center and its wind power class 2. Click on the image to view a larger version. Enlarge image This graphic shows the wind power class at the National Wind Technology Center. You can download a printable copy. The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is on the Great Plains just miles from the Rocky Mountains. The site is flat and covered with short grasses. The terrain and lack of obstructions make the site highly suitable for testing wind turbines. Take a tour of the NWTC and its facilities to better understand its location and layout. Another prime feature of the NWTC is the strong directionality of the wind - most of the strong winds come within a few degrees of 285°. West of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor start-up wind" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Operation of a third generation wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

A modern wind turbine was installed on May 26, 1982, at the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, Texas. This wind machine was used to provide electrical energy for irrigation pumping and other agricultural loads. The wind turbine purchased for this research is an Enertech Model 44, manufactured by Enertech Corporation, Norwich, Vermont. The horizontal-axis wind turbine has a 13.4 m diameter, three-bladed, fixed-pitch rotor on a 24.4-m tower. The blades are laminated epoxy-wood, and are attached to a steel hub. A 25-kW induction generator provides 240 V, 60 Hz, single-phase electrical power. The wind turbine operated 64 percent of the time, while being available to operate over 94 percent of the time. The unit had a net energy production of over 80,000 kWh in an average windspeed of 5.9 m/s at a height of 10 m in a 16-month period. The blade pitch was originally offset two degrees from design to maintain power production within the limitations of the gearbox, generator, and brakes. A maximum output of 23.2 kW averaged over a 15-second period indicated that with a new brake, the system was capable of handling more power. After a new brake was installed, the blade pitch was changed to one degree from design. The maximum power output measured after the pitch change was 29.3 kW. Modified blade tip brakes were installed on the wind turbine on July 7, 1983. These tip brakes increased power production at lower windspeeds while reducing power at higher windspeeds.

Vosper, F.C.; Clark, R.N.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE Loan Programs Office is proposing to offer a loan guarantee to Cape Wind Associates, LLC for the construction and start-up of the Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, offshore of Massachusetts. The proposed Cape Wind Energy Project would consist of up to 130, 3.6-MW turbine generators, in an area of roughly 25-square miles, and would include 12.5 miles of 115-kilovolt submarine transmission cable and an electric service platform. To inform DOE's decision regarding a loan guarantee, DOE adopted the Department of the Interior’s 2009 Final Cape Wind Energy Project EIS, in combination with two Cape Wind Environmental Assessments dated May 2010 and April 2011 (per 40 CFR 1506.4), as a DOE Final EIS (DOE/EIS-0470). The adequacy of the Department of the Interior final EIS adopted by DOE is the subject of a judicial action.

463

A discussion of the results of the rainflow counting of a wide range of dynamics associated with the simultaneous operation of adjacent wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to provide a fatigue load comparison between two identical wind turbines employing different rotor designs. One turbine was fitted with a rotor consisting of a set of NREL (SERI) thin-airfoil blades while the other rotor included the original-equipment AeroStar blades. The data discussed are based on sample load populations derived from the rainflow cycle counting of 405, 10-minute records specifically collected over a wide range of inflow turbulence conditions. The results have shown that the statistical structure of the alternating load cycles on both turbines can be described as a mixture of three stochastic processes. We noted a high degree of load distribution similarity between the two turbines, with the differences attributable to either rotor weight or swept area.

Kelley, N.; Desrochers, G.; Tangler, J.; Smith, B.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Dependence of Wind Turbine Curves on Atmospheric Stability Regimes - An Analysis of a West Coast North American Tall Wind Farm  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tall wind turbines, with hub heights at 80 m or above, can extract large amounts of energy from the atmosphere because they are likely to encounter higher wind speeds, but they face challenges given the complex nature of wind flow in the boundary layer. Depending on whether the boundary layer is stable, convective or neutral, mean wind speed (U) and turbulence ({sigma}{sub U}) may vary greatly across the tall turbine swept area (40 m to 120 m). This variation can cause a single turbine to produce difference amounts of power during time periods of identical hub height wind speeds. The study examines the influence that atmospheric mixing or stability has on power output at a West Coast North American wind farm. They first examine the accuracy and applicability of two, relatively simple stability parameters, the wind shear-exponent, {alpha}, and the turbulence intensity, I{sub u}, against the physically-based, Obukhov length, L, to describe the wind speed and turbulence profiles in the rotor area. In general, the on-site stability parameters {alpha} and I{sub u} are in high agreement with the off-site, L stability scale parameter. Next, they divide the measurement period into five stability classes (strongly stable, stable, neutral, convective, and strongly convective) to discern stability-effects on power output. When only the mean wind speed profile is taken into account, the dependency of power output on boundary layer stability is only subtly apparent. When turbulence intensity I{sub u} is considered, the power generated for a given wind speed is twenty percent higher during strongly stable conditions than during strongly convective conditions as observed in the spring and summer seasons at this North American wind farm.

Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K; Sharp, J; Zulauf, M

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

465

Flywheel rotor and containment technology development, FY83  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy decided to terminate the Flywheel Rotor and Containment Technology Development project during FY 1983. Activities this year included fabrication, inspection, and test evaluation of rotor and containment structures. A peak energy of 700 Wh was stored at an energy density of 70 Wh/kg. In cyclic tests, 10,000 cycles from design speed to half speed were logged without failure. The first test of a lightweight containment structure indicates the need for additional development. In complementary studies, production cost estimates were made for three flywheel designs. In a cooperative program with the University of Wisconsin, work began on construction of a flywheel/continuously variable transmission/heat engine car which promises fuel economy improvements of up to 100%. Suggestions are made for the direction of future work when interest in flywheel system reappears.

Mohr, P.B.; Walter, C.E.

1983-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

Sweep-twist adaptive rotor blade : final project report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Knight & Carver was contracted by Sandia National Laboratories to develop a Sweep Twist Adaptive Rotor (STAR) blade that reduced operating loads, thereby allowing a larger, more productive rotor. The blade design used outer blade sweep to create twist coupling without angled fiber. Knight & Carver successfully designed, fabricated, tested and evaluated STAR prototype blades. Through laboratory and field tests, Knight & Carver showed the STAR blade met the engineering design criteria and economic goals for the program. A STAR prototype was successfully tested in Tehachapi during 2008 and a large data set was collected to support engineering and commercial development of the technology. This report documents the methodology used to develop the STAR blade design and reviews the approach used for laboratory and field testing. The effort demonstrated that STAR technology can provide significantly greater energy capture without higher operating loads on the turbine.

Ashwill, Thomas D.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM...

468

The Wind Energy Outlook Scenarios 1 India Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ?Status of wind energy in India ????????????????????6 Wind energy in India????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????7 Wind power resource assessment?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????6 Wind power installations by state?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????8

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

New forms of BRST symmetry in rigid rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the different forms of BRST symmetry by using the Batalin-Fradkin-Vilkovisky formalism in a rigid rotor. The so called "dual-BRST" symmetry is obtained from usual BRST symmetry by making a canonical transformation in the ghost sector. On the other hand, a canonical transformation in the sector involving Lagrange multiplier and its corresponding momentum leads to a new form of BRST as well as dual-BRST symmetry.

Sumit Kumar Rai; Bhabani Prasad Mandal

2010-01-29T