Sample records for rotor diameter-the diameter

  1. Variable diameter wind turbine rotor blades

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Peter McKeich; Hornzee-Jones, Chris; Moroz, Emilian M.; Blakemore, Ralph W.

    2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for changing wind turbine rotor diameters to meet changing wind speeds and control system loads is disclosed. The rotor blades on the wind turbine are able to adjust length by extensions nested within or containing the base blade. The blades can have more than one extension in a variety of configurations. A cable winching system, a hydraulic system, a pneumatic system, inflatable or elastic extensions, and a spring-loaded jack knife deployment are some of the methods of adjustment. The extension is also protected from lightning by a grounding system.

  2. The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter #12;Design data Rated power 5,000kW Cut and most powerful wind turbines in the world. The 5M sets new standards for the economic viability similar to conventional power plants. This in turn puts high demands on the control and regulation system

  3. Offshore Series Wind Turbine Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    3.6MW Offshore Series Wind Turbine GE Energy #12;Feature Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters-savings feature, considering the rigors of offshore power generation. The 3.6 MW offshore wind turbine also, for both on and offshore use. Special features include... As the world's first commercially available wind

  4. Sparkr Blade Test Centre Wind turbines with a rotor diameter exceed-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparkćr Blade Test Centre Wind turbines with a rotor diameter exceed- ing 2 metres must have a type of a wind turbine. Failure of a rotor blade in service often involves damage of the entire turbine operating type cer- tification systems for wind turbines. Reg. no. 427 The Sparkćr Blade Test Centre became

  5. Vacuum coupling of rotating superconducting rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoykhet, Boris A.; Zhang, Burt Xudong; Driscoll, David Infante

    2003-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotating coupling allows a vacuum chamber in the rotor of a superconducting electric motor to be continually pumped out. The coupling consists of at least two concentric portions, one of which is allowed to rotate and the other of which is stationary. The coupling is located on the non-drive end of the rotor and is connected to a coolant supply and a vacuum pump. The coupling is smaller in diameter than the shaft of the rotor so that the shaft can be increased in diameter without having to increase the size of the vacuum seal.

  6. Separators for flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bender, D.A.; Kuklo, T.C.

    1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors. 10 figs.

  7. Separators for flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors.

  8. Sandia Energy - SMART Rotor Video

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SMART Rotor Video Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Resources Wind Energy Publications Online Abstracts and Reports SMART Rotor Video SMART Rotor...

  9. Single Rotor Turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor for use in turbine applications has a centrifugal compressor having axially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and an axial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the centrifugal compressor flows.

  10. Single rotor turbine engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

  11. Polygonal shaft hole rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hussey, John H. (St. Louis, MO); Rose, John Scott (Alton, IL); Meystrik, Jeffrey J. (Webster Groves, MO); White, Kent Lee (Maryland Heights, MO)

    2001-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A laminated rotor for an induction motor has a plurality of ferro-magnetic laminations mounted axially on a rotor shaft. Each of the plurality of laminations has a central aperture in the shape of a polygon with sides of equal length. The laminations are alternatingly rotated 180.degree. from one another so that the straight sides of the polygon shaped apertures are misaligned. As a circular rotor shaft is press fit into a stack of laminations, the point of maximum interference occurs at the midpoints of the sides of the polygon (i.e., at the smallest radius of the central apertures of the laminations). Because the laminates are alternatingly rotated, the laminate material at the points of maximum interference yields relatively easily into the vertices (i.e., the greatest radius of the central aperture) of the polygonal central aperture of the next lamination as the shaft is inserted into the stack of laminations. Because of this yielding process, the amount of force required to insert the shaft is reduced, and a tighter fit is achieved.

  12. Homopolar motor with dual rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, J.S.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: National Rotor Testbed Functional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the National Rotor Testbed: An Aeroelastically Relevant Research-Scale Wind Turbine Rotor." Approximately 60 researchers from various institutions and countries attended...

  14. Sandia Energy - Rotor Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution GridDocuments Home Stationary PowerResearchRiskRotor

  15. Gas turbine rotor straightening -- Case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazur, Z.; Kubiak, J. [Inst. de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco (Mexico); Villela, A.; Orozco, J. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Mexicali (Mexico)

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to catastrophic damage, the turbine-compressor rotor of a gas turbine has been bent 0.62 mm. The in-situ repair process of rotor straightening is fully described. The repair process included the design of special fixtures for placing the rotor vertically and then hydraulically tensioning the rotor bolts for discs disassembling and run-out check by a special rotary equipment. After the repair process the rotor run-out fell within the design limits. Finally the rotor was put back into service. The approach to the in-house repair of the rotor bend has been successful and can be widely recommended for users of turbomachinery.

  16. Wind turbine rotor aileron

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT)

    1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine has a rotor with at least one blade which has an aileron which is adjusted by an actuator. A hinge has two portions, one for mounting a stationary hinge arm to the blade, the other for coupling to the aileron actuator. Several types of hinges can be used, along with different actuators. The aileron is designed so that it has a constant chord with a number of identical sub-assemblies. The leading edge of the aileron has at least one curved portion so that the aileron does not vent over a certain range of angles, but vents if the position is outside the range. A cyclic actuator can be mounted to the aileron to adjust the position periodically. Generally, the aileron will be adjusted over a range related to the rotational position of the blade. A method for operating the cyclic assembly is also described.

  17. Rotor component displacement measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mercer, Gary D.; Li, Ming C.; Baum, Charles R.

    2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A measuring system for measuring axial displacement of a tube relative to an axially stationary component in a rotating rotor assembly includes at least one displacement sensor adapted to be located normal to a longitudinal axis of the tube; an insulated cable system adapted for passage through the rotor assembly; a rotatable proximitor module located axially beyond the rotor assembly to which the cables are connected; and a telemetry system operatively connected to the proximitor module for sampling signals from the proximitor module and forwarding data to a ground station.

  18. Rotor assembly and assay method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for carrying out an assay includes a rotor body which is rotatable about an axis of rotation, and has a central chamber and first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth chambers which are in communication with and radiate from the central chamber. The rotor assembly further includes a shuttle which is movable through the central chamber and insertable into any of the chambers, the shuttle including a reaction cup carrying an immobilized antigen or an antibody for transport among the chambers. A method for carrying out an assay using the rotor assembly includes moving the reaction cup among the six chambers by passing the cup through the central chamber between centrifugation steps in order to perform the steps of: separating plasma from blood cells, binding plasma antibody or antigen, washing, drying, binding enzyme conjugate, reacting with enzyme substrate and optically comparing the resulting reaction product with unreacted enzyme substrate solution. The movement of the reaction cup can be provided by attaching a magnet to the reaction cup and supplying a moving magnetic field to the rotor.

  19. Rotor assembly and assay method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burtis, C.A.; Johnson, W.F.; Walker, W.A.

    1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for carrying out an assay includes a rotor body which is rotatable about an axis of rotation, and has a central chamber and first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth chambers which are in communication with and radiate from the central chamber. The rotor assembly further includes a shuttle which is movable through the central chamber and insertable into any of the chambers, the shuttle including a reaction cup carrying an immobilized antigen or an antibody for transport among the chambers. A method for carrying out an assay using the rotor assembly includes moving the reaction cup among the six chambers by passing the cup through the central chamber between centrifugation steps in order to perform the steps of: separating plasma from blood cells, binding plasma antibody or antigen, washing, drying, binding enzyme conjugate, reacting with enzyme substrate and optically comparing the resulting reaction product with unreacted enzyme substrate solution. The movement of the reaction cup can be provided by attaching a magnet to the reaction cup and supplying a moving magnetic field to the rotor. 34 figures.

  20. Axial seal system for a gas turbine steam-cooled rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashey, Thomas Charles (Anderson, SC)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An axial seal assembly is provided at the interface between adjacent wheels and spacers of a gas turbine rotor and disposed about tubes passing through openings in the rotor adjacent the rotor rim and carrying a thermal medium. Each seal assembly includes a support bushing for supporting a land of the thermal medium carrying tube, an axially registering seat bushing disposed in the opposed opening and a frustoconical seal between the seal bushing and seat. The seal bushing includes a radial flange having an annular recess for retaining the outer diameter edge of the seal, while the seat bushing has an axially facing annular surface forming a seat for engagement by the inner diameter edge of the seal.

  1. Hi-Q Rotor - Low Wind Speed Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd E. Mills; Judy Tatum

    2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective was to optimize the performance of the Hi-Q Rotor. Early research funded by the California Energy Commission indicated the design might be advantageous over state-of-the-art turbines for collecting wind energy in low wind conditions. The Hi-Q Rotor is a new kind of rotor targeted for harvesting wind in Class 2, 3, and 4 sites, and has application in areas that are closer to cities, or 'load centers.' An advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor is that the rotor has non-conventional blade tips, producing less turbulence, and is quieter than standard wind turbine blades which is critical to the low-wind populated urban sites. Unlike state-of-the-art propeller type blades, the Hi-Q Rotor has six blades connected by end caps. In this phase of the research funded by DOE's Inventions and Innovation Program, the goal was to improve the current design by building a series of theoretical and numeric models, and composite prototypes to determine a best of class device. Development of the rotor was performed by aeronautical engineering and design firm, DARcorporation. From this investigation, an optimized design was determined and an 8-foot diameter, full-scale rotor was built and mounted using a Bergey LX-1 generator and furling system which were adapted to support the rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor was then tested side-by-side against the state-of-the-art Bergey XL-1 at the Alternative Energy Institute's Wind Test Center at West Texas State University for six weeks, and real time measurements of power generated were collected and compared. Early wind tunnel testing showed that the cut-in-speed of the Hi-Q rotor is much lower than a conventional tested HAWT enabling the Hi-Q Wind Turbine to begin collecting energy before a conventional HAWT has started spinning. Also, torque at low wind speeds for the Hi-Q Wind Turbine is higher than the tested conventional HAWT and enabled the wind turbine to generate power at lower wind speeds. Based on the data collected, the results of our first full-scale prototype wind turbine proved that higher energy can be captured at lower wind speeds with the new Hi-Q Rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor is almost 15% more productive than the Bergey from 6 m/s to 8 m/s, making it ideal in Class 3, 4, and 5 wind sites and has application in the critical and heretofore untapped areas that are closer to cities, 'load centers,' and may even be used directly in urban areas. The additional advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor's non-conventional blade tips, which eliminates most air turbulence, is noise reduction which makes it doubly ideal for populated urban areas. Hi-Q Products recommends one final stage of development to take the Hi-Q Rotor through Technology Readiness Levels 8-9. During this stage of development, the rotor will be redesigned to further increase efficiency, match the rotor to a more suitable generator, and lower the cost of manufacturing by redesigning the structure to allow for production in larger quantities at lower cost. Before taking the rotor to market and commercialization, it is necessary to further optimize the performance by finding a better generator and autofurling system, ones more suitable for lower wind speeds and rpms should be used in all future testing. The potential impact of this fully developed technology will be the expansion and proliferation of energy renewal into the heretofore untapped Class 2, 3, 4, and 5 Wind Sites, or the large underutilized sites where the wind speed is broken by physical features such as mountains, buildings, and trees. Market estimates by 2011, if low wind speed technology can be developed are well above: 13 million homes, 675,000 commercial buildings, 250,000 public facilities. Estimated commercial exploitation of the Hi-Q Rotor show potential increase in U.S. energy gained through the clean, renewable wind energy found in low and very low wind speed sites. This new energy source would greatly impact greenhouse emissions as well as the public sector's growing energy demands.

  2. A reduced Blade-Vortex Interaction rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mani, Somnath

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research work aims at mapping the BVI azimuthal locations using a model rotor. A model rotor was first developed. An experimental investigation was then carried out to determine the possible BVI locations. The results of the mapping...

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: National Rotor Testbed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy, SWIFT, Systems Analysis, Wind Energy The National Rotor Testbed (NRT) team is examining the effect of airfoil choice on the final design of the new rotor for the Scaled...

  4. Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hultgren, K.G.; McLaurin, L.D.; Bertsch, O.L.; Lowe, P.E.

    1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn. 5 figs.

  5. Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hultgren, Kent Goran (Winter Park, FL); McLaurin, Leroy Dixon (Winter Springs, FL); Bertsch, Oran Leroy (Titusville, FL); Lowe, Perry Eugene (Oviedo, FL)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn.

  6. UPWIND, Aerodynamics and aero-elasticity Rotor aerodynamics in atmospheric shear flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wind turbines with rotor diameters in the order of 100 meters, the influence of upstream turbine wakes codes for wind turbines utilize aerodynamics based on BEM methods, see [1, 2]. For modern large scale. Sřrensen Wind Energy Department, Risř National Laboratory & Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg

  7. Rotor blades for turbine engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piersall, Matthew R; Potter, Brian D

    2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A tip shroud that includes a plurality of damping fins, each damping fin including a substantially non-radially-aligned surface that is configured to make contact with a tip shroud of a neighboring rotor blade. At least one damping fin may include a leading edge damping fin and at least one damping fin may include a trailing edge damping fin. The leading edge damping fin may be configured to correspond to the trailing edge damping fin.

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: functional rotor scaling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) SciTechAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers Wind Energy Symposium titled, "Definition of the National Rotor Testbed: An Aeroelastically...

  9. Method for manufacturing a rotor having superconducting coils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Driscoll, David I. (South Euclid, OH); Shoykhet, Boris A. (Beachwood, OH)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for manufacturing a rotor for use with a rotating machine is provided that employs a superconducting coil on the rotor. An adhesive is applied to an outer surface of the rotor body, which may include a groove disposed within an outer surface of the rotor body. A superconducting coil is then mounted onto the rotor body such that the adhesive bonds the superconducting coil to the rotor body.

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: wind-turbine rotor design

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wind-turbine rotor design National Rotor Testbed Functional Scaling Presented at American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2014 Scitech On April 15, 2014, in Energy,...

  11. SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Design and Field Test SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test This report documents the design, fabrication, and testing of the SMART Wind Turbine Rotor. This work...

  12. Optimum balancing for flexible rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Her James

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the donation of vibration pick-ups and the loan of precious equipment. A special appreciation is extended to my friend, Miss Mei Ou-Yang, for her assistance, encouragement and unselfish support during the preparation and completion of this project. Last... Balancing Fig. 9 Typical Phase Lag Between Force and Vibration Amplitude Chart 14 20 Fig. 10 Typical Principal Modes for a Symmetric and Uniform Shaft 21 Fig. ll Test Rig Setup Fig. 12 Typical Rotor, Probe and Probe Stand Fig. 13 Critical Speed VS...

  13. Multiple piece turbine rotor blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Russell B; Fedock, John A

    2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple piece turbine rotor blade with a shell having an airfoil shape and secured between a spar and a platform with the spar including a tip end piece. a snap ring fits around the spar and abuts against the spar tip end piece on a top side and abuts against a shell on the bottom side so that the centrifugal loads from the shell is passed through the snap ring and into the spar and not through a tip cap dovetail slot and projection structure.

  14. Radial-radial single rotor turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power.

  15. Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, John S.

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

  16. Final project report: High energy rotor development, test and evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the auspices of the {open_quotes}Government/Industry Wind Technology Applications Project{close_quotes} [{open_quotes}Letter of Interest{close_quotes} (LOI) Number RC-1-11101], Flo Wind Corp. has successfully developed, tested, and delivered a high-energy rotor upgrade candidate for their 19-meter Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. The project included the demonstration of the innovative extended height-to-diameter ratio concept, the development of a continuous span single-piece composite blade, the demonstration of a continuous blade manufacturing technique, the utilization of the Sandia National Laboratories developed SNLA 2150 natural laminar flow airfoil and the reuse of existing wind turbine and wind power plant infrastructure.

  17. Wind turbine rotor hub and teeter joint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coleman, Clint (Warren, VT); Kurth, William T. (Warren, VT); Jankowski, Joseph (Stowe, VT)

    1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor hub is provided for coupling a wind turbine rotor blade and a shaft. The hub has a yoke with a body which is connected to the shaft, and extension portions which are connected to teeter bearing blocks, each of which has an aperture. The blocks are connected to a saddle which envelops the rotor blade by one or two shafts which pass through the apertures in the bearing blocks. The saddle and blade are separated by a rubber interface which provides for distribution of stress over a larger portion of the blade. Two teeter control mechanisms, which may include hydraulic pistons and springs, are connected to the rotor blade and to the yoke at extension portions. These control mechanisms provide end-of-stroke damping, braking, and stiffness based on the teeter angle and speed of the blade.

  18. Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Groves, S.E.; Deteresa, S.J.

    1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An interlayer toughening mechanism is described to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0{degree} to 90{degree} to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles. 2 figs.

  19. Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

  20. A carbon nanotube bearing and Stodola rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Eugene Hightower

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nano-scale rotor supported on a cantilevered multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) shaft (Stodola configuration) is proposed. The nanotube is also expected to function as the bearing, since individual walls of a MWNT are not ...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: rotor structural verification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy, SWIFT, Wind Energy Rotor fixation stands, one for each Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWiFT) facility turbine, have been built. The stands will be used to...

  2. The cost of noise reduction in commercial tilt rotor aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, Henry B.

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between direct operating cost and departure noise annoyance was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt rotor aircraft designs to meet various ...

  3. active elevon rotor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  4. active twist rotor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  5. advanced turbocharger rotor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  6. active flap rotor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  7. advanced rotor systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  8. adiabatic rotor model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  9. asymmetric rotor model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  10. Aeroelastic analysis of a helicopter rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuien, Larry Jay

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AEROELASTIC ANALYSIS OF A HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis by LARRY JAY NcQUIEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&'N University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject...: Aerospace Engineering AEROELASTIC ANALYSIS OF A HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis LARRY JAY McQUIEN Approved as to style and content by: (Co-Chairman of Committee) / l (Co-Chair an o f Commi t tee) (Head of Depa tment) (Nember) (Nember) December 1977...

  11. Ultra-Micro Wave Rotor Investigations Florin Iancu, Janusz Piechna*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MĂĽller, Norbert

    Nowowiejska Str., 00-665 Warsaw, Poland Abstract Ultra Micro Gas Turbines (UµGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords: PowerMEMS, wave rotor, ultra micro gas turbine, pressure exchanger, efficiency 1

  12. On the Classification of Universal Rotor-Routers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Xiaoyu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The combinatorial theory of rotor-routers has connections with problems of statistical mechanics, graph theory, chaos theory, and computer science. A rotor-router network defines a deterministic walk on a digraph G in which a particle walks from a source vertex until it reaches one of several target vertices. Motivated by recent results due to Giacaglia et al., we study rotor-router networks in which all non-target vertices have the same type. A rotor type r is universal if every hitting sequence can be achieved by a homogeneous rotor-router network consisting entirely of rotors of type r. We give a conjecture that completely classifies universal rotor types. Then, this problem is simplified by a theorem we call the Reduction Theorem that allows us to consider only two-state rotors. A rotor-router network called the compressor, because it tends to shorten rotor periods, is introduced along with an associated algorithm that determines the universality of almost all rotors. New rotor classes, including boppy ro...

  13. Dynamics and Fatigue Damage of Wind Turbine Rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6 3 RiS0-Rr512 Dynamics and Fatigue Damage of Wind Turbine Rotors during Steady Operation Peter OF WIND TURBINE ROTORS DURING STEADY OPERATION Peter Hauge Madsen, Sten Frandsen, William E. Holley-carrying capacity of a wind turbine rotor with respect to short-term strength and material fatigue are presented

  14. Voith High Efficiency HM Rotor Energy Data, A Repulper Rotor Design Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aue, J.; Fineran, B.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently completed demonstration project, funded partly by the Wisconsin Focus on Energy program and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, shows the effectiveness of an energy efficient repulper rotor design compared with that of a conventional...

  15. Rotor bore and turbine rotor wheel/spacer heat exchange flow circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caruso, Philip M. (Selkirk, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Quentin (Saratoga Springs, NY); Ladhani, Azad A. (Niskayuna, NY); DeMania, Alan Richard (Niskayuna, NY); Palmer, Gene David (Clifton Park, NY); Wilson, Ian David (Clifton Park, NY); Rathbun, Lisa Shirley (Scotia, NY); Akin, Robert Craig (Schenectady, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a turbine having closed-circuit steam-cooling passages about the rim of the rotor during steady-state operation, compressor discharge air is supplied to the rotor bore for passage radially outwardly into the wheel space cavities between the wheels and spacers. Communicating slots and channels in the spacers and wheels at circumferentially spaced positions enable egress of the compressor discharge air into the hot gas flow path. At turbine startup, cooling air flows through the closed-circuit steam passages to cool the outer rim of the rotor while compressor discharge air pre-warms the wheels and spacers. At steady-state, cooling steam is supplied in the closed-circuit steam-cooling passages and compressor discharge air is supplied through the bore and into the wheel space cavities to cool the rotor.

  16. Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid vehicles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the power system comprises an electric machine (12) further comprising a first excitation source (47), a permanent magnet rotor (28) and a magnetic coupling rotor (26) spaced from the permanent magnet rotor and at least one second excitation source (43), the magnetic coupling rotor (26) also including a flywheel having an inertial mass to store kinetic energy during an initial acceleration to an operating speed; and wherein the first excitation source is electrically connected to the second excitation source for power cycling such that the flywheel rotor (26) exerts torque on the permanent magnet rotor (28) to assist braking and acceleration of the permanent magnet rotor (28) and consequently, the vehicle. An axial gap machine and a radial gap machine are disclosed and methods of the invention are also disclosed.

  17. The Effects of 100 nmThe Effects of 100 nm--DiameterDiameterThe Effects of 100 nmThe Effects of 100 nm--DiameterDiameter Au Nanoparticles onAu Nanoparticles onAu Nanoparticles onAu Nanoparticles onpp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    DyeDye--Sensitized Solar CellsSensitized Solar Cells pp DyeDye--Sensitized Solar CellsSensitized Solar of photovoltaic properties. #12;Introduction: Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) e-e- Au-SiO2 Core Solar Cell> I: Light Intensity E: Amplitude of E-Field [H

  18. FORTRAN algorithm for correcting normal resistivity logs for borehold diameter and mud resistivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, J H

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The FORTRAN algorithm described was developed for applying corrections to normal resistivity logs of any electrode spacing for the effects of drilling mud of known resistivity in boreholes of variable diameter. The corrections are based on Schlumberger departure curves that are applicable to normal logs made with a standard Schlumberger electric logging probe with an electrode diameter of 8.5 cm (3.35 in). The FORTRAN algorithm has been generalized to accommodate logs made with other probes with different electrode diameters. Two simplifying assumptions used by Schlumberger in developing the departure curves also apply to the algorithm: (1) bed thickness is assumed to be infinite (at least 10 times larger than the electrode spacing), and (2) invasion of drilling mud into the formation is assumed to be negligible.

  19. Electrofriction method of manufacturing squirrel cage rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, John S.

    2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of making a squirrel cage rotor of copper material for use in AC or DC motors, includes forming a core with longitudinal slots, inserting bars of conductive material in the slots, with ends extending out of opposite ends of the core, and joining the end rings to the bars, wherein the conductive material of either the end rings or the bars is copper. Various methods of joining the end rings to the bars are disclosed including electrofriction welding, current pulse welding and brazing, transient liquid phase joining and casting. Pressure is also applied to the end rings to improve contact and reduce areas of small or uneven contact between the bar ends and the end rings. Rotors made with such methods are also disclosed.

  20. Experimental design and study of Free Rotor River Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nepali, D.B.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Terrace irrigation along the rivers of Nepal is the vital problem of farmers in the remote villages. The existing turbines and irrigation systems are not feasible without civil structures, and suffer from the lack of resources and financial problems. A simple and inexpensive underwater Free Rotor River Turbine (FRRT) which extracts power ranging from a fraction of a HP up to 25 HP from the velocity of the running water in a river or stream was developed. The power obtained from the turbine can be used to run a pump to lift water for drinking purposes and for irrigation along the river banks during the dry season and early part of the wet season. Various designs of models have been tested in the laboratory to find the optimum pitch angle, shape and size of blades, and optimum number of blades in order to accomplish the cheapest, simplest, and most efficient turbine. The effect of diameter of turbine, velocity of water and torque produced by the turbines were studied,and the effect of simple linear twist on blades is discussed.

  1. Horizontal wind rotor. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guard, E.J.

    1983-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A vertical axis wind machine called, ''Horizontal Wind Rotor'' conceived in 1979 by the Grantee E.J. Guard was an effort to marry a new high tech carousel type wind rotor to a basic building design for the purpose of generating practical amounts of electricty. This was directed especially towards high performance power generation, relative to low average wind velocity fields, typically found in Florida. From January 1980 to April 1983 two 1/30 scale wind tunnel type test models of buildings, one round and one square were built. An eight Hartzell shrouded wind tunnel fan machine was designed and built to supply uniform wind velocities for testing. All components of the Horizontal Wind Rotor (HWR) were fabricated, instrumented, mounted on the building models, and tested and modified repeatedly for performance optimization. Aerodynamic consultants, model makers, mechanical and computer engineers and technicians under the direction of E. Guard all teamed up to evolve the size, shape, and placement of the system components. It was recognized early that the machine had to be large in order to extract energy from low wind velocities. It was also noted that there were so many variables in the system, so as to elude analytical computation, that only testing could provide the answers. Consequently, this grant program has provided major contributions to the sparse available data in this little studied field, and set up valuable bench marks in design and power output parameters. This data will be the foundation for incorporating the newly discovered design improvements into the full scale prototype to follow. (Phase II) It is believed that this Rotor design is the only one in the world today that will produce as much power in the lower wind velocity ranges and it is also believed that every objective of the original grant proposal has been met or exceeded.

  2. Growth of nanostructures with controlled diameter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pfefferle, Lisa; Haller, Gary; Ciuparu, Dragos

    2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal-substituted MCM-41 framework structures with a high degree of structural order and a narrow pore diameter distribution were reproducibly synthesized by a hydrothermal method using a surfactant and an anti-foaming agent. The pore size and the mesoporous volume depend linearly on the surfactant chain length. The transition metals, such as cobalt, are incorporated substitutionally and highly dispersed in the silica framework. Single wall carbon nanotubes with a narrow diameter distribution that correlates with the pore diameter of the catalytic framework structure were prepared by a Boudouard reaction. Nanostructures with a specified diameter or cross-sectional area can therefore be predictably prepared by selecting a suitable pore size of the framework structure.

  3. Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brandon, E.D.; Hooper, F.M.; Reichenbach, M.L.

    1992-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than 0.04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut. 1 figure.

  4. Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brandon, Eldon D. (Albuquerque, NM); Hooper, Frederick M. (Albuquerque, NM); Reichenbach, Marvin L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than 0.04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut.

  5. Double-ended ceramic helical-rotor expander

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mohr, P.B.; Myers, W.B.

    1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A ceramic helical rotor expander is disclosed using a double-ended or tandem herringbone type rotor arrangement with bearing and seal assemblies remote from the hot gas inlets and especially capable of operating at an inlet temperature of above 1,100 C. The rotors are solid or hollow and bonded to hollow metal shafts, and mounted in a composite or simple prismatic casing. The rotors, casing and shafts are constructed from low expansivity materials. In the preferred embodiment the rotors are constructed of silicon nitride and the shafts constructed of an molybdenum alloy, with the metal shafts being supported in bearings and secured to synchronizing gears. The rotors and casing may be provided with coolant channels therein, and are constructed to eliminate the problem of end leakages at inlet temperature and pressure, and the need for high temperature bearings and seals. 3 figs.

  6. Rotor assembly and method for automatically processing liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burtis, C.A.; Johnson, W.F.; Walker, W.A.

    1992-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly is described for performing a relatively large number of processing steps upon a sample, such as a whole blood sample, and a diluent, such as water. It includes a rotor body for rotation about an axis and includes a network of chambers within which various processing steps are performed upon the sample and diluent and passageways through which the sample and diluent are transferred. A transfer mechanism is movable through the rotor body by the influence of a magnetic field generated adjacent the transfer mechanism and movable along the rotor body, and the assembly utilizes centrifugal force, a transfer of momentum and capillary action to perform any of a number of processing steps such as separation, aliquoting, transference, washing, reagent addition and mixing of the sample and diluent within the rotor body. The rotor body is particularly suitable for automatic immunoassay analyses. 34 figs.

  7. Rotor assembly and method for automatically processing liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for performing a relatively large number of processing steps upon a sample, such as a whole blood sample, and a diluent, such as water, includes a rotor body for rotation about an axis and including a network of chambers within which various processing steps are performed upon the sample and diluent and passageways through which the sample and diluent are transferred. A transfer mechanism is movable through the rotor body by the influence of a magnetic field generated adjacent the transfer mechanism and movable along the rotor body, and the assembly utilizes centrifugal force, a transfer of momentum and capillary action to perform any of a number of processing steps such as separation, aliquoting, transference, washing, reagent addition and mixing of the sample and diluent within the rotor body. The rotor body is particularly suitable for automatic immunoassay analyses.

  8. Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless dc motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawsey, R.A.; Bailery, J.M.

    1992-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes a brushless dc permanent magnet motor for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. It comprises first and second substantially flat, generally cylindrical stators disposed in side by side relation; a first substantially flat, generally cylindrical rotor; a first shaft connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft connected to the second rotor; and means for providing rotation of the first and second shafts in opposite directions.

  9. Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

    1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

  10. Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1989-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described.

  11. Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Burtis, Carl A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Walker, William A. (Knoxville, TN)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described.

  12. Mechanical coupling for a rotor shaft assembly of dissimilar materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shi, Jun (Glastonbury, CT); Bombara, David (New Hartford, CT); Green, Kevin E. (Broad Brook, CT); Bird, Connic (Rocky Hill, CT); Holowczak, John (South Windsor, CT)

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanical coupling for coupling a ceramic disc member to a metallic shaft includes a first wedge clamp and a second wedge clamp. A fastener engages a threaded end of a tie-bolt to sandwich the ceramic disc between the wedge clamps. An axial spring is positioned between the fastener and the second wedge clamp to apply an axial preload along the longitudinal axis. Another coupling utilizes a rotor shaft end of a metallic rotor shaft as one wedge clamp. Still another coupling includes a solid ceramic rotor disc with a multiple of tie-bolts radially displaced from the longitudinal axis to exert the preload on the solid ceramic rotor disc.

  13. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

  14. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

  15. Sandia Energy - Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Offshore Rotor Development Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Offshore Wind Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development Offshore Wind RD&D:...

  16. Sandia Energy - Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Wind Energy Offshore Wind Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor...

  17. Fabrication of 10nm diameter carbon nanopores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radenovic, Aleksandra; Trepagnier, Eliane; Csencsits, Roseann; Downing, Kenneth H; Liphardt, Jan

    2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The addition of carbon to samples, during imaging, presents a barrier to accurate TEM analysis, the controlled deposition of hydrocarbons by a focused electron beam can be a useful technique for local nanometer-scale sculpting of material. Here we use hydrocarbon deposition to form nanopores from larger focused ion beam (FIB) holes in silicon nitride membranes. Using this method, we close 100-200nm diameter holes to diameters of 10nm and below, with deposition rates of 0.6nm per minute. I-V characteristics of electrolytic flow through these nanopores agree quantitatively with a one dimensional model at all examined salt concentrations.

  18. Rotor heating effects from geomagnetic induced currents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gish, W.B.; Feero, W.E.; Rockefeller, G.D. (Electric Research and Management, Inc., State College, PA (United States))

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The heating effects at the end-ring connection areas of the rotor due to the harmonic current generation of a saturating unit transformer from geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the transmission system have been calculated from observed data and from EMTP studies sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute. These calculations show that damage may occur during strong GIC storm activity. This damage can occur from unit transformer saturation or other transformers in the system near the generator. The possibility of damage should be monitored during strong GIC storms through the use of appropriate negative sequence current monitoring and alarms.

  19. Turbulence ingestion noise of open rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robison, Rosalyn Aruna Venner

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thus a blade whose leading edge curves back in the axial direction, as seen in Figure 1.4, has non-zero sweep. 1.2 Technological context: the open rotor design 9 Figure 1.3: Example of Rig 140 noise results. Image reproduced with permission from... , flight testing and calibration of methods. Hoff included a diagram which illustrated the many different propfan noise sources, see Figure 1.4. There was also a recognition that distortion is an important factor in predicting the acoustics of propeller...

  20. Chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, James Robert, 1979-

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    to observing chaos in rotor systems. Further, there has been little work carried out in the area of chaos control, of which only a small portion has been applied to rotor systems. Originally, the goal of the research described in this paper was to control...

  1. Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring by Means of Rotor Resistance Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , FRANCE Mohamed-El-Hackemi.Benbouzid@sc.u-picardie.fr Abstract: Rotor and stator temperature machines. Especially, when operating with overload cycles, it is necessary to monitor rotor bars and stator winding temperatures to make sure that the temperature remains below prescribed limits. The purpose

  2. Main Rotor Swashplate Test Stand Design Model and System Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    on the aircraft due to reaction forces generated by rotor blade lift which varies with rotor speed and blade angle of the modified stand: Rotating Components Drivetrain o Variable speed AC Motor o Double cardan input driveshaft, and more closely mimic the operational kinematics of a swashplate which is installed on an aircraft

  3. Effects of increasing tip velocity on wind turbine rotor design.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Resor, Brian Ray; Maniaci, David Charles; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Richards, Phillip William

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduction in cost of energy from wind is anticipated when maximum allowable tip velocity is allowed to increase. Rotor torque decreases as tip velocity increases and rotor size and power rating are held constant. Reduction in rotor torque yields a lighter weight gearbox, a decrease in the turbine cost, and an increase in the capacity for the turbine to deliver cost competitive electricity. The high speed rotor incurs costs attributable to rotor aero-acoustics and system loads. The increased loads of high speed rotors drive the sizing and cost of other components in the system. Rotor, drivetrain, and tower designs at 80 m/s maximum tip velocity and 100 m/s maximum tip velocity are created to quantify these effects. Component costs, annualized energy production, and cost of energy are computed for each design to quantify the change in overall cost of energy resulting from the increase in turbine tip velocity. High fidelity physics based models rather than cost and scaling models are used to perform the work. Results provide a quantitative assessment of anticipated costs and benefits for high speed rotors. Finally, important lessons regarding full system optimization of wind turbines are documented.

  4. Texas Fluid Dynamics Meeting, 2013 STABILITY OF ROTOR WAKES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinney, Charles E.

    to the presence of multiple helical fila- ments. Wakes of helicopter rotors, wind turbines and ma- rine propellers% confidence interval at wake ages, : 10 - 80. Dashed lines are separated by r /r = 3 in the wake of windTexas Fluid Dynamics Meeting, 2013 STABILITY OF ROTOR WAKES. Swathi M. Mula & Charles. E. Tinney

  5. Single Molecular Rotor at the Nanoscale Christian Joachim1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gimzewski, James

    to transform such a molecular rotor into a motor with a given motive power are also discussed. Keywords components that transform energy (or information) and use this transformation. Their miniaturization is often: Molecular rotor, Motive power, Decoherence, Classical motion, Quantum control, Nano-thermodynamics 1

  6. Small diameter, deep bore optical inspection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, David E. (Livermore, CA); Petrini, Richard R. (Livermore, CA); Carter, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved rod optic system for inspecting small diameter, deep bores. The system consists of a rod optic system utilizing a curved mirror at the end of the rod lens such that the optical path through the system is bent 90.degree. to minimize optical distortion in examining the sides of a curved bore. The system is particularly useful in the examination of small bores for corrosion, and is capable of examining 1/16 inch diameter and up to 4 inch deep drill holes, for example. The positioning of the curved mirror allows simultaneous viewing from shallow and right angle points of observation of the same artifact (such as corrosion) in the bore hole. The improved rod optic system may be used for direct eye sighting, or in combination with a still camera or a low-light television monitor; particularly low-light color television.

  7. Reference Model 2: %22Rev 0%22 Rotor Design.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, Matthew F.; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Griffith, Daniel

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The preliminary design for a three-bladed cross-flow rotor for a reference marine hydrokinetic turbine is presented. A rotor performance design code is described, along with modifications to the code to allow prediction of blade support strut drag as well as interference between two counter-rotating rotors. The rotor is designed to operate in a reference site corresponding to a riverine environment. Basic rotor performance and rigid-body loads calculations are performed to size the rotor elements and select the operating speed range. The preliminary design is verified with a simple finite element model that provides estimates of bending stresses during operation. A concept for joining the blades and support struts is developed and analyzed with a separate finite element analysis. Rotor mass, production costs, and annual energy capture are estimated in order to allow calculations of system cost-of-energy. Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd

  8. Tip cap for a turbine rotor blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kimmel, Keith D

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine rotor blade with a spar and shell construction, and a tip cap that includes a row of lugs extending from a bottom side that form dovetail grooves that engage with similar shaped lugs and grooves on a tip end of the spar to secure the tip cap to the spar against radial displacement. The lug on the trailing edge end of the tip cap is aligned perpendicular to a chordwise line of the blade in the trailing edge region in order to minimize stress due to the lugs wanting to bend under high centrifugal loads. A two piece tip cap with lugs at different angles will reduce the bending stress even more.

  9. Rotor and bearing system for a turbomachine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lubell, Daniel; Weissert, Dennis

    2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotor and bearing system for a turbomachine. The turbomachine includes a drive shaft, an impeller positioned on the drive shaft, and a turbine positioned on the drive shaft proximate to the impeller. The bearing system comprises one gas journal bearing supporting the drive shaft between the impeller and the turbine. The area between the impeller and the turbine is an area of increased heat along the drive shaft in comparison to other locations along the drive shaft. The section of the drive shaft positioned between impeller and the turbine is also a section of the drive shaft that experiences increased stressed and load in the turbomachine. The inventive bearing machine system positions only one radial bearing in this area of increased stress and load.

  10. Synchronization and Collective Dynamics in a Carpet of Microfluidic Rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nariya Uchida; Ramin Golestanian

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study synchronization of an array of rotors on a substrate that are coupled by hydrodynamic interaction. The rotors that are modeled by an effective rigid body, are driven by an internal torque and exerts an active force on the surrounding fluid. The long-ranged nature of the hydrodynamic interaction between the rotors causes a rich pattern of dynamical behaviors including phase ordering and turbulent spiral waves. The model provides a novel example of coupled oscillators with long-range interaction. Our results suggest strategies for designing controllable microfluidic mixers using the emergent behavior of hydrodynamically coupled active components.

  11. Control coil arrangement for a rotating machine rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shah, Manoj R. (Latham, NY); Lewandowsk, Chad R. (Amsterdam, NY)

    2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotating machine (e.g., a turbine, motor or generator) is provided wherein a fixed solenoid or other coil configuration is disposed adjacent to one or both ends of the active portion of the machine rotor for producing an axially directed flux in the active portion so as to provide planar axial control at single or multiple locations for rotor balance, levitation, centering, torque and thrust action. Permanent magnets can be used to produce an axial bias magnetic field. The rotor can include magnetic disks disposed in opposed, facing relation to the coil configuration.

  12. Lean implementation across value stream in main rotor blade area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phoenix, Casey J. (Casey John)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal for this project was to help expand the existing capability of Sikorsky's main rotor blade business from raw material (titanium) through final assembly. The project helped to facilitate the ongoing lean ...

  13. Methods and apparatus for rotor blade ice detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    LeMieux, David Lawrence

    2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for detecting ice on a wind turbine having a rotor and one or more rotor blades each having blade roots includes monitoring meteorological conditions relating to icing conditions and monitoring one or more physical characteristics of the wind turbine in operation that vary in accordance with at least one of the mass of the one or more rotor blades or a mass imbalance between the rotor blades. The method also includes using the one or more monitored physical characteristics to determine whether a blade mass anomaly exists, determining whether the monitored meteorological conditions are consistent with blade icing; and signaling an icing-related blade mass anomaly when a blade mass anomaly is determined to exist and the monitored meteorological conditions are determined to be consistent with icing.

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: capture more wind with longer rotors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capture more wind with longer rotors New Material Tests Show Biaxial Laminate Creep Is Important for Large Wind-Turbine Blades On April 1, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events,...

  15. DOE and Sandia National Laboratories Develop National Rotor Testbed...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are designing a modern, research-quality wind turbine rotor for use at the new Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWiFT) site at Texas Tech...

  16. Methods and apparatus for rotor load control in wind turbines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw

    2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine having a rotor, at least one rotor blade, and a plurality of generators, of which a first generator is configured to provide power to an electric grid and a second generator is configured to provide power to the wind turbine during times of grid loss. The wind turbine is configured to utilize power provided by the second generator to reduce loads on the wind turbine during times of grid loss.

  17. Structural testing of the North Wind 250 composite rotor joint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musial, W; Link, H [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Coleman, C [Northern Power Systems, Moretown, VT (United States)

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North Wind 250 wind turbine is under development at Northern Power Systems (NPS) in Moretown, VT. The turbine uses a unique, flow-through, teetered-rotor design. This design eliminates structural discontinuities at the blade/hub interface by fabricating the rotor as one continuous structural element. To accomplish this, the two blade spars are joined at the center of the rotor using a proprietary bonding technique. Fatigue tests were conducted on the full-scale rotor joint at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Subsequent tests are now underway to test the full-scale rotor and hub assembly to verify the design assumptions. The test articles were mounted in dedicated test fixtures. For the joint test, a constant moment was generated across the joint and parent material. Hydraulic actuators applied sinusoidal loading to the test article at levels equivalent to 90% of the extreme wind load for over one million cycles. When the loading was increased to 112% of the extreme wind load, the joint failed by buckling. Strain levels were monitored at 14 locations inside and outside of the blade joint during the test. The tests were used to qualify this critical element of the rotor for field testing and to provide information needed to improve the structural design of the joint.

  18. Control of Induction Motor with Cbrientation on Rotor Flux or on Stator Flux in a very wide Field Weakening Regiori -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paderborn, Universität

    inductance of stator and rotor winding (Ls = L, = L,,, +Lo is assumed here). Rotor speed. Number of pole pairs. Resistances of stator and rotor winding. Rotor time constant. Electromagnetic torque. Load torqueControl of Induction Motor with Cbrientation on Rotor Flux or on Stator Flux in a very wide Field

  19. Rigid-rotor, field-reversed configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conti, F., E-mail: conti@df.unipi.it; Giammanco, F. [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy) [Physics Department “E. Fermi,” University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Plasma Diagnostics and Technologies Ltd., Via Giuntini 63, 56023 Navacchio (PI) (Italy); Wessel, F. J.; Binderbauer, M. W.; Bolte, N.; Morehouse, M.; Qerushi, A.; Rahman, H. U.; Roche, T.; Slepchenkov, M. [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)] [Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., P.O. Box 7010, Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The radial profiles, n(r), B{sub z}(r), and E{sub r}(r), for a Flux-Coil (“inductively driven”), Field-Reversed Configuration (FC-FRC) are measured and compared to the predictions of the Rigid-Rotor Model (RRM), which is an analytic, one-dimensional, time-independent, equilibrium description for the FRC. Injectors mounted on both ends of the confinement vessel provide a pre-fill plasma. Coaxial coils mounted outside the vacuum boundaries of the annular-confinement vessel accelerate the plasma and produce the FRC. The density profile is measured by laser interferometry, the magnetic-field profile using an in-situ probe array, and the electric-field profile using an in-situ, floating-probe array. Free parameters for each profile are measured, which also allow other intrinsic-plasma parameters to be determined, using computer-fit algorithms: null radius, radial thickness, plasma temperature, rotation frequencies, the latter of which are independently verified by spectroscopy. All radial profiles agree with the RRM predictions, for the experimental configuration, parameter regime, and specified-time interval studied here.

  20. Campbell diagrams of weakly anisotropic flexible rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleg N. Kirillov

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider an axi-symmetric rotor perturbed by dissipative, conservative, and non-conservative positional forces originated at the contact with the anisotropic stator. The Campbell diagram of the unperturbed system is a mesh-like structure in the frequency-speed plane with double eigenfrequencies at the nodes. The diagram is convenient for the analysis of the traveling waves in the rotating elastic continuum. Computing sensitivities of the doublets we find that at every particular node the untwisting of the mesh into the branches of complex eigenvalues in the first approximation is generically determined by only four 2x2 sub-blocks of the perturbing matrix. Selection of the unstable modes that cause self-excited vibrations in the subcritical speed range, is governed by the exceptional points at the corners of the singular eigenvalue surfaces--`double coffee filter' and `viaduct'--which are associated with the crossings of the unperturbed Campbell diagram with the definite Krein signature. The singularities connect the problems of wave propagation in the rotating continua with that of electromagnetic and acoustic wave propagation in non-rotating anisotropic chiral media. As mechanical examples a model of a rotating shaft with two degrees of freedom and a continuous model of a rotating circular string passing through the eyelet are studied in detail.

  1. ISABE-2005-1214 Optimum Applications of Four-Port Wave Rotors for Gas Turbines Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Norbert

    compressor PT polytropic turbine th thermal WE wave rotor expansion WP wave rotor compression 3 combustor efficiency pressure ratio Subscripts b baseline (untopped) engine comb combustor loss PC polytropic

  2. aero-elasticity rotor aerodynamics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (UGT) are expected to be a next of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors, topping gas turbines at about 70%. Keywords:...

  3. Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program March 16,...

  4. Operating Modes of a Teeter-Rotor Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bir, G. S. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Stol, K. (University of Colorado at Boulder)

    1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the operating modes of a two-bladed teetered wind turbine. Because of the gyroscopic asymmetry of its rotor, this turbine's dynamics can be quite distinct from those of a turbine with three or more blades. This asymmetry leads to system equations with periodic coefficients that are solved using the Floquet approach to extract the correct modal parameters. The system equations are derived using a simple analytical model with four degrees of freedom: cacelle yaw, rotor teeter, and flapping associated with each blade. Results confirm that the turbine modes become more dominated by the centrifugal and gyroscopic effects as the rotor speed increases. They gyroscopic effect may also cause dynamic instability. Under certain design conditions, yaw and teeter modal frequencies may coalesce.

  5. Method and apparatus for assembling permanent magnet rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

    1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A permanent magnet assembly for assembly in large permanent magnet motors and generators includes a two-piece carrier that can be slid into a slot in the rotor and then secured in place using a set screw. The invention also provides an auxiliary carrier device with guide rails that line up with the teeth of the rotor, so that a permanent magnet assembly can be pushed first into a slot, and then down the slot to its proper location. An auxiliary tool is provided to move the permanent magnet assembly into position in the slot before it is secured in place. Methods of assembling and disassembling the magnet assemblies in the rotor are also disclosed. 2 figs.

  6. Preliminary Design Procedure for Gas TurbineTopping Reverse-Flow Wave Rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Norbert

    improvement of a 30 kW microturbine by implementing various wave-rotor topping cycles. Five different

  7. LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING to simulated vibrations of a rotating rotor. KEYWORDS : wind turbine blade, rotor anisotropy, Floquet analysis, OMA INTRODUCTION Blades of modern wind turbines are complex high-tech structures, and their cost

  8. DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic, rotor blade, wind turbine INTRODUCTION There are several publications of non destructive damage

  9. Study of the non-linear dynamic response of a rotor system with faults and uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the non-linear re- sponse in rotor systems with multi-faults (such as unbalance, asymmetric shaft, bow and Ferraris in fixed frame [10]. · The bow is an initial deformation of the rotor which can be caused) or all parts of the rotor (extended bow). Darpe [12] proposes to investigate the influence of a bow

  10. What Stator Current Processing Based Technique to Use for Induction Motor Rotor Faults Diagnosis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    What Stator Current Processing Based Technique to Use for Induction Motor Rotor Faults Diagnosis, marked improvement has been achieved in the design and manufacture of stator winding. However, motors and treatment processes. But cage rotor design has undergone little change. As a result, rotor failures now

  11. Non-linear models for the design of solid rotor induction machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaiem, M.E. (GE 44--LARGE, Saint-Nazaire (France))

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two finite element methods are used to calculate the steady state performances of solid iron rotor induction machines. They are applied to both smooth and slitted rotor and are used to define the rotor form which provides the maximum torque for the rated value of the slip. The mean torque-slip characteristics calculated under constant voltages are compared to experimental results.

  12. Stator current demodulation for induction machine rotor faults diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    with emphasis on stator current processing [1], [2]. It has been proven that mechanical and electrical faultsStator current demodulation for induction machine rotor faults diagnosis El Houssin El Bouchikhi of the stator currents. Hence, demodulation of the stator currents is of high interest for induction machines

  13. Phase modulated rotor angle encoder for switched reluctance motor drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahajan, Shailendra

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sensor. In an inexpensive systein, the rotor position sensor comprises of a magnetized ring along with Hall etfect sensors or opto-interrupters with slotted clisk. An optical sensor has a, light emitting diode which acts as a light transmitter, enid a...

  14. TLA-55 Rotor Used in Beckman Coulter OptimaTM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    should be read and understood before operation or maintenance of this equipment is attempted. When you, and tested for safety and reliability as part of a Beckman Coulter ultracentrifuge/rotor system. Its safety or reliability cannot be assured if used in a centrifuge not of Beckman Coulter's manufacture or in a Beckman

  15. Final Report: DoE SBIR Phase 2 Low-Cost Small Diameter NMR Technologies for In-Situ Subsurface Characterization and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, David Oliver

    2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Phase 2 SBIR program, Vista Clara successfully developed and field-tested small diameter NNR logging tools for subsurface characterization and monitoring. This effort involved the design and development surface electronics, a winch with 470ft cable, and three interchangeable downhole probes: a 3.5â?ť diameter borehole NMR probe, a 1.67â?ť diameter borehole NMR probe, and a 2.5â?ť diameter NMR probe that can be deployed using a Geoprobe direct push machine. The 3.5â?ť probe was tested extensively over a 6 week period including 4â?ť to 8â?ť boreholes in Washington, Idaho, Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas, Connecticut and Massachusetts. The field test campaign was highly successful. The 1.67â?ť probe was assembled, tested and calibrated in the laboratory. The 2.5â?ť Geoprobe probe is in final assembly and testing at the time of this report. The completed Phase 2 R&D program has resulted in the first NMR logging tool that can be deployed in boreholes of 4â?ť diameter, the first NMR logging tool that can be deployed in boreholes on 2â?ť diameter, and the first NMR logging tool that can be deployed by a direct push machine. These small diameter tools make NMR logging technically and economically feasible, for the first time. Previously available NMR logging tools were developed for oilfield applications and are prohibitively large and expensive for the majority of near surface groundwater characterization problems.

  16. Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

    1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

  17. Optimum rotationally symmetric shells for flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blake, Henry W. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A flywheel rim support formed from two shell halves. Each of the shell halves has a disc connected to the central shaft. A first shell element connects to the disc at an interface. A second shell element connects to the first shell element. The second shell element has a plurality of meridional slits. A cylindrical shell element connects to the second shell element. The cylindrical shell element connects to the inner surface of the flywheel rim. A flywheel rim support having a disc connected an outer diameter of a shaft. Two optimally shaped shell elements connect to the optimally shaped disc at an interface. The interface defines a discontinuity in a meridional slope of said support. A cylindrical shell element connects to the two shell elements. The cylindrical shell element has an outer surface for connecting to the inner surface of the flywheel rim. A flywheel rim casing includes an annular shell connected to the central shaft. The annular shell connects to the flywheel rim. A composite shell surrounds the shaft, annular shell and flywheel rim.

  18. Active Flow Control on Bidirectional Rotors for Tidal MHK Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiu, Henry [Research Engineer; van Dam, Cornelis P. [Professor

    2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) tidal turbine extracts energy from tidal currents, providing clean, sustainable electricity generation. In general, all MHK conversion technologies are confronted with significant operational hurdles, resulting in both increased capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. To counter these high costs while maintaining reliability, MHK turbine designs can be simplified. Prior study found that a tidal turbine could be cost-effectively simplified by removing blade pitch and rotor/nacelle yaw. Its rotor would run in one direction during ebb and then reverse direction when the current switched to flood. We dubbed such a turbine a bidirectional rotor tidal turbine (BRTT). The bidirectional hydrofoils of a BRTT are less efficient than conventional hydrofoils and capture less energy, but the elimination of the pitch and yaw systems were estimated to reduce levelized cost of energy by 7.8%-9.6%. In this study, we investigated two mechanisms for recapturing some of the performance shortfall of the BRTT. First, we developed a novel set of hydrofoils, designated the yy series, for BRTT application. Second, we investigated the use of active flow control via microtabs. Microtabs are small deployable/retractable tabs, typically located near the leading or trailing edge of an air/hydrofoil with height on the order of the boundary layer thickness (1% - 2% of chord). They deploy approximately perpendicularly to the foil surface and, like gurney flaps and plain flaps, globally affect the aerodynamics of the airfoil. By strategically placing microtabs and selectively deploying them based on the direction of the inflow, performance of a BRTT rotor can be improved while retaining bidirectional operation. The yy foils were computationally designed and analyzed. They exhibited better performance than the baseline bidirectional foil, the ellipse. For example, the yyb07cn-180 had 14.7% higher (l/d)max than an ellipse of equal thickness. The yyb07cn family also had higher c{sub p,min} than equivalently thick ellipses, indicating less susceptibility to cavitation. Microtabs applied on yy foils demonstrated improved energy capture. A series of variable speed and constant speed rotors were developed with the yyb07cn family of hydrofoils. The constant speed yyb07cn rotor (yy-B02-Rcs,opt) captured 0.45% more energy than the equivalent rotor with ellipses (e-B02-Rcs,opt). With microtabs deployed (yy?t-B02-Rcs,opt), the energy capture increase over the rotor with ellipses was 1.05%. Note, however, that microtabs must be applied judiciously to bidirectional foils. On the 18% thick ellipse, performance decreased with the addition of microtabs. Details of hydrofoil performance, microtab sizing and positioning, rotor configurations, and revenue impacts are presented herein.

  19. THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF NCHROMOSOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinberg, Jon

    THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF N­CHROMOSOME GENOMES Jon Kleinberg David Liben similarity among genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natural but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  20. Analysis of a teetered, variable-speed rotor: final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, T.L.; Wilson, R.E.; Walker, S.N. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering) [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computer model of a horizontal axis wind turbine (HOOT) with four structural degrees of freedom has been derived and verified. The four degrees of freedom include flapwise motion of the blades, teeter motion, and variable rotor speed. Options for the variable rotor speed include synchronous, induction, and constant-tip speed generator models with either start, stop, or normal operations. Verification is made by comparison with analytical solutions and mean and cyclic ESI-80 data. The Veers full-field turbulence model is used as a wind input for a synchronous and induction generator test case during normal operation. As a result of the comparison, it is concluded that the computer model can be used to predict accurately mean and cyclic loads with a turbulent wind input. 47 refs., 19 figs.

  1. Sweep-twist adaptive rotor blade : final project report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashwill, Thomas D.

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knight & Carver was contracted by Sandia National Laboratories to develop a Sweep Twist Adaptive Rotor (STAR) blade that reduced operating loads, thereby allowing a larger, more productive rotor. The blade design used outer blade sweep to create twist coupling without angled fiber. Knight & Carver successfully designed, fabricated, tested and evaluated STAR prototype blades. Through laboratory and field tests, Knight & Carver showed the STAR blade met the engineering design criteria and economic goals for the program. A STAR prototype was successfully tested in Tehachapi during 2008 and a large data set was collected to support engineering and commercial development of the technology. This report documents the methodology used to develop the STAR blade design and reviews the approach used for laboratory and field testing. The effort demonstrated that STAR technology can provide significantly greater energy capture without higher operating loads on the turbine.

  2. Adaptor assembly for coupling turbine blades to rotor disks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia-Crespo, Andres Jose; Delvaux, John McConnell

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An adaptor assembly for coupling a blade root of a turbine blade to a root slot of a rotor disk is described. The adaptor assembly includes a turbine blade having a blade root and an adaptor body having an adaptor root. The adaptor body defines a slot having an open end configured to receive the blade root of the turbine blade such that the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are adjacent to one another when the blade root of the turbine blade is positioned within the slot. Both the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are configured to be received within the root slot of the rotor disk.

  3. Preform spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Livingston, Jamie T. (Simpsonville, SC); Driver, Howard D. (Greer, SC); van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Jenkins, Thomas B. (Cantonment, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Billen, Andrew J. (Daarlerveen, NL); Riahi, Amir (Pensacola, FL)

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A spar cap for a wind turbine rotor blade. The spar cap may include multiple preform components. The multiple preform components may be planar sheets having a swept shape with a first end and a second end. The multiple preform components may be joined by mating the first end of a first preform component to the second end of a next preform component, forming the spar cap.

  4. Blade platform seal for ceramic/metal rotor assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wertz, John L. (Indianapolis, IN)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A combination ceramic and metal turbine rotor for use in high temperature gas turbine engines includes a metal rotor disc having a rim with a plurality of circumferentially spaced blade root retention slots therein to receive a plurality of ceramic blades, each including side platform segments thereon and a dovetail configured root slidably received in one of the slots. Adjacent ones of the platform segments including edge portions thereon closely spaced when the blades are assembled to form expansion gaps in an annular flow surface for gas passage through the blades and wherein the assembly further includes a plurality of unitary seal members on the rotor connected to its rim and each including a plurality of spaced, axially extending, flexible fingers that underlie and conform to the edge portions of the platform segments and which are operative at turbine operating temperatures and speeds to distribute loading on the platform segments as the fingers are seated against the underside of the blade platforms to seal the gaps without undesirably stressing thin web ceramic sections of the platform.

  5. Oxygen-Diffused Titanium as a Candidate Brake Rotor Material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Titanium alloys are one of several candidate materials for the next generation of truck disk brake rotors. Despite their advantages of lightweight relative to cast iron and good strength and corrosion resistance, titanium alloys are unlikely to be satisfactory brake rotor materials unless their friction and wear behavior can be significantly improved. In this study, a surface engineering process oxygen diffusion was applied to titanium rotors and has shown very encouraging results. The oxygen diffused Ti-6Al-4V (OD-Ti) was tested on a sub-scale brake tester against a flat block of commercial brake lining material and benchmarked against several other Ti-based materials, including untreated Ti-6Al-4V, ceramic particle-reinforced Ti composites (MMCs), and a thermal-spray-coated Ti alloy. With respect to friction, the OD-Ti outperformed all other candidate materials under the imposed test conditions with the friction coefficient remaining within a desirable range of 0.35-0.50, even under the harshest conditions when the disk surface temperature reached nearly 600 ?C. In addition, the OD-Ti showed significantly improved wear-resistance over the non-treated one and was even better than the Ti-based composite materials.

  6. The Non-Homologous Nature of Solar Diameter Variations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabatino Sofia; Sarbani Basu; Pierre Demarque; Linghuai Li; Gerard Thuillier

    2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We show in this paper that the changes of the solar diameter in response to variations of large scale magnetic fields and turbulence are not homologous. For the best current model, the variation at the photospheric level is over 1000 times larger than the variation at a depth of 5 Mm, which is about the level at which f-mode solar oscillations determine diameter variations. This model is supported by observations that indicate larger diameter changes for high degree f-modes than for low degree f-modes, since energy of the former are concentrated at shallower layers than the latter.

  7. Preliminary structural design conceptualization for composite rotor for verdant power water current turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paquette, J. A.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Verdant Power Inc. (VPI) have partnered under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a new kinetic hydropower rotor. The rotor features an improved hydrodynamic and structural design which features state-of-the-art technology developed for the wind industry. The new rotor will have higher energy capture, increased system reliability, and reduction of overall cost of energy. This project was divided into six tasks: (1) Composite Rotor Project Planning and Design Specification; (2) Baseline Fatigue Testing and Failure analysis; (3) Develop Blade/Rotor Performance Model; (4) Hydrofoil Survey and Selection; (5) FEM Structural Design; and (6) Develop Candidate Rotor Designs and Prepare Final Report.

  8. CFD analysis of rotating two-bladed flatback wind turbine rotor.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Dam, C.P. (University of California, David, CA); Chao, David D.; Berg, Dale E. (University of California, David, CA)

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of modifying the inboard portion of the NREL Phase VI rotor using a thickened, flatback version of the S809 design airfoil are studied using a three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes method. A motivation for using such a thicker airfoil design coupled with a blunt trailing edge is to alleviate structural constraints while reducing blade weight and maintaining the power performance of the rotor. The calculated results for the baseline Phase VI rotor are benchmarked against wind tunnel results obtained at 10, 7, and 5 meters per second. The calculated results for the modified rotor are compared against those of the baseline rotor. The results of this study demonstrate that a thick, flatback blade profile is viable as a bridge to connect structural requirements with aerodynamic performance in designing future wind turbine rotors.

  9. Pump impeller-shroud leakage path forces: their effect on a Jeffcott rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, James Philip

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for finding the frequency of free vibration as well as system stability. All results lead to the conclusion that the forces have little influence on natural frequency but can have appreciable effects on system stability. Specifically, at higher values.... Figure 15. Frequency response: whirl amplitude. Frequency response: phase angle, Rotor orbit during free vibration. Time history of rotor whirl frequency ratio during free vibration, 32 32 36 36 Figure 16. Figure 17. Rotor orbit during...

  10. Rotor parameter determination for the Brushless Doubly Fed (Induction) Machine (BDFM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, R. A.; Roberts, P. C.; Tatlow, M. R.; Abdi, E.; Broekhof, A.; Abdi, S.

    2015-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Zeff Impedance of individual rotor loop (?) nr rotor turns ratio I. INTRODUCTION Contemporary interest in the BDFM principally arises as it is a potential alternative to the slip-ring induction generator widely used in wind turbines although it can also... , the equivalent circuit forms a valuable design tool, enabling candidate machine designs to be rapidly evaluated. In particular rotor parameters are important in determining the pull out torque of the machine as well as low-voltage ride through performance in wind...

  11. Eddy sensors for small diameter stainless steel tubes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skinner, Jack L.; Morales, Alfredo Martin; Grant, J. Brian; Korellis, Henry James; LaFord, Marianne Elizabeth; Van Blarigan, Benjamin; Andersen, Lisa E.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to develop non-destructive, minimally disruptive eddy sensors to inspect small diameter stainless steel metal tubes. Modifications to Sandia's Emphasis/EIGER code allowed for the modeling of eddy current bobbin sensors near or around 1/8-inch outer diameter stainless steel tubing. Modeling results indicated that an eddy sensor based on a single axial coil could effectively detect changes in the inner diameter of a stainless steel tubing. Based on the modeling results, sensor coils capable of detecting small changes in the inner diameter of a stainless steel tube were designed, built and tested. The observed sensor response agreed with the results of the modeling and with eddy sensor theory. A separate limited distribution SAND report is being issued demonstrating the application of this sensor.

  12. Pressure drop with surface boiling in small-diameter tubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dr?mer, Thomas

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pressure drop for water flowing in small-diameter tubes under isothermal, nonboiling, and surface-boiling conditions was investigated. Experimental results for local pressure gradient and heattransfer coefficients are ...

  13. airway diameter behavior: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the interionic Boyer, Edmond 149 Affect of Viscosity and Droplet Diameter on water-in-oil (wo) Emulsions: An Experimental Study CiteSeer Summary: AbstractThe influence of...

  14. abdominal aortic diameter: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A. Diaferio; K. Dolag 2005-10-28 416 Affect of Viscosity and Droplet Diameter on water-in-oil (wo) Emulsions: An Experimental Study CiteSeer Summary: AbstractThe influence of...

  15. Diameter-bandwidth product limitation of isolated-object cloaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joannopoulos, John D.

    We show that cloaking of isolated objects using transformation-based cloaks is subject to a diameter-bandwidth product limitation: as the size of the object increases, the bandwidth of good (small-cross-section) cloaking ...

  16. Gravitational lensing and the angular-diameter distance relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedja Hadrovic; James Binney

    1997-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the usual relation between redshift and angular-diameter distance can be obtained by considering light from a source to be gravitationally lensed by material that lies in the telescope beam as it passes from source to observer through an otherwise empty universe. This derivation yields an equation for the dependence of angular diameter on redshift in an inhomogeneous universe. We use this equation to model the distribution of angular-diameter distance for redshift z=3 in a realistically clustered cosmology. The distribution is such that attempts to determine q_0 from angular-diameter distances will systematically underestimate q_0 by ~0.15, and large samples would be required to beat down the intrinsic dispersion in measured values of q_0.

  17. Methods and apparatus for reduction of asymmetric rotor loads in wind turbines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw; Pierce, Kirk Gee

    2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for reducing load and providing yaw alignment in a wind turbine includes measuring displacements or moments resulting from asymmetric loads on the wind turbine. These measured displacements or moments are used to determine a pitch for each rotor blade to reduce or counter asymmetric rotor loading and a favorable yaw orientation to reduce pitch activity. Yaw alignment of the wind turbine is adjusted in accordance with the favorable yaw orientation and the pitch of each rotor blade is adjusted in accordance with the determined pitch to reduce or counter asymmetric rotor loading.

  18. Tuning thermal mismatch between turbine rotor parts with a thermal medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a turbine rotor, an aft shaft wheel and the final-stage wheel of the rotor are coupled together, including by a rabbeted joint. During shutdown and startup of the turbine, a thermal mismatch between the aft shaft wheel and final-stage wheel is avoided by respectively heating and cooling the aft shaft wheel to maintain the thermal mismatch within acceptable limits, thereby avoiding opening of the rabbeted joint and the potential for unbalancing the rotor and rotor vibration. The thermal medium may be supplied by piping in the aft bearing cavity into the cavity between the forward closure plate and the aft shaft wheel.

  19. Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On-Line Disturbance Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On technique to estimate and model rotor- body parameters of a large steam turbine-generator from real time

  20. Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis for Wave Rotor Combustor Based Combined Cycle Jessica Collins1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Thermodynamic Cycle Analysis for Wave Rotor Combustor Based Combined Cycle Jessica Collins1 , Brian of Engineering and Technology The conventional combustor that exists in today's market is a constant pressure device; whereas, the wave rotor combustor investigated in the present research is a constant volume

  1. Molecular rotors: synthesis and evaluation as viscosity sensors Jeyanthy Sutharsan a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodorakis, Emmanuel

    Molecular rotors: synthesis and evaluation as viscosity sensors Jeyanthy Sutharsan a , Darcy-mechanical viscosity sensors. These compounds, referred to as molecular rotors, belong to a class of fluorescent probes present the synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of these compounds as viscosity sensors

  2. The Ultra-micro Wave Rotor Research at Michigan State University Florin Iancu, Janusz Piechna*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MĂĽller, Norbert

    University of Technology 24 Nowowiejska Str., 00-665 Warsaw, Poland ABSTRACT Ultra Micro Gas Turbines (Uµ concepts of incorporating a wave rotor to an ultra-micro gas turbine and the advantages of wave rotors be estimated at about 70%. 1. INTRODUCTION Starting in 1995, with the MIT "Micro Gas Turbine" project

  3. Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow S modeling of the turbulent flow in a rotor-stator cavity subjected to a superimposed throughflow with heat the dynamical effects from the heat transfer process. The fluid flow in an enclosed disk system with axial

  4. Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow S in a rotor-stator cavity subjected to a superimposed throughflow with heat transfer. Nu- merical predictions field from the heat transfer process. The turbulent flux is approximated by a gradient hypothesis

  5. A New Approach to Detect Broken Rotor Bars in Induction Machines by Current Spectrum Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the Fourier Transform of one stator current to make detection. But where the other methods use the Fourier. It is well- known that an interruption of a manufacturing process due to a mechanical or electrical problem rotor bars or cracked rotor end ring), stator faults (opening of a stator phase or inter-turn short

  6. Effect of Cooling Flow on the Operation of a Hot Rotor-Gas Foil Bearing System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Keun

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    comprehensive measurements of bearing temperatures and shaft dynamics conducted on a hollow rotor supported on two first generation GFBs. The hollow rotor (1.36 kg, 36.51 mm OD and 17.9 mm ID) is heated from inside to reach an outer surface temperature of 120...

  7. Numerical Investigation of a Wind Turbine Rotor with an aerodynamically redesigned hub-region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Numerical Investigation of a Wind Turbine Rotor with an aerodynamically redesigned hub-region J methods on a redesigned modern Mega-Watt sized wind turbine, where the new design includes an increase of the blade in the vicinity of the wind turbine nacelle, to obtain an aerodynamically more efficient rotor

  8. RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con

  9. Advanced Flywheel Composite Rotors: Low-Cost, High-Energy Density Flywheel Storage Grid Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GRIDS Project: Boeing is developing a new material for use in the rotor of a low-cost, high-energy flywheel storage technology. Flywheels store energy by increasing the speed of an internal rotor —slowing the rotor releases the energy back to the grid when needed. The faster the rotor spins, the more energy it can store. Boeing’s new material could drastically improve the energy stored in the rotor. The team will work to improve the storage capacity of their flywheels and increase the duration over which they store energy. The ultimate goal of this project is to create a flywheel system that can be scaled up for use by electric utility companies and produce power for a full hour at a cost of $100 per kilowatt hour.

  10. Absolute Calibration of a Large-diameter Light Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brack, J T; Dorofeev, A; Gookin, B; Harton, J L; Petrov, Y; Rovero, A C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of absolute calibration for large aperture optical systems is presented, using the example of the Pierre Auger Observatory fluorescence detectors. A 2.5 m diameter light source illuminated by an ultra--violet light emitting diode is calibrated with an overall uncertainty of 2.1 % at a wavelength of 365 nm.

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Hydraulic properties and embolism in small-diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Hydraulic properties and embolism in small-diameter roots of five temperate broad & Context It has been estimated that about half of a plant's total hydraulic resistance is located belowground, but it is not well known how temperate tree species differ in root hydraulic properties and how

  12. Viscosity, hard sphere diameter and interionic potential for liquid lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    L-347 Viscosity, hard sphere diameter and interionic potential for liquid lead G. Chaussemy The Macedo-Litovitz equation for a hard sphere liquid provides a satisfactory model for the viscosity of lead and molecular dynamics. The activation energy for viscosity (0.07 eV) is similar to the height of the interionic

  13. The diameter and evolutionary state of Procyon A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Kervella; F. Thevenin; P. Morel; G. Berthomieu; P. Borde; J. Provost

    2003-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the angular diameter measurement obtained with the VINCI/VLTI instrument on the nearby star Procyon A (alpha CMi A, F5IV-V), at a relative precision of +/- 0.9%. We obtain a uniform disk angular diameter in the K band of UD = 5.376 +/- 0.047 mas and a limb darkened value of LD = 5.448 +/- 0.053 mas. Together with the Hipparcos parallax, this gives a linear diameter of 2.048 +/- 0.025 D_sun. We use this result in combination with spectroscopic, photometric and asteroseismic constraints to model this star with the CESAM code. One set of modeling parameters that reproduces the observations within their error bars are an age of 2314 Myr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i = 0.301 and an initial mass ratio of heavy elements to hydrogen Z/X_i = 0.0314. We also computed the adiabatic oscillation spectrum of our model of Procyon A, giving a mean large frequency separation of Delta nu_0 = 54.7 microHz. This value is in agreement with the seismic observations by Martic et al. (1999, 2001). The interferometric diameter and the asteroseismic large frequency spacing together suggest a mass closer to 1.4 M_sun than to 1.5 M_sun. We conclude that Procyon is currently ending its life on the main sequence, as its luminosity class indicates.

  14. Connector tube for a turbine rotor cooling circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Ming Cheng (Cincinnati, OH)

    2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A tubular connector adapted to extend between two tubular components comprising a tubular body having an internal diameter, a first free end including an annular radial flange having a tapered surface adapted to engage a complementary seating surface on a first of the two tubular components, the internal diameter remaining constant through the first free end; and a second free end having an annular bulbous shape adapted to seat within a cylindrical end of a second of the two tubular components.

  15. Decreasing the Diameter of Bounded Degree Graphs Andras Gyarfas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamir, Ron

    it of diameter d. On the other hand, in some cases it is trivial to find fd(G). For example, fd(G) = n - 1´o § February 22, 2002 To the memory of Paul Erdos Abstract Let fd(G) denote the minimum number of edges, fd(G) depends strongly on the actual structure of G, not only on the maximum degree of G. We prove

  16. Vibration analysis of rotor systems using reduced subsystem models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Uei-Jiun

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and concern. Thanks are also extended to Dr. Alan B. Alter and Dr. Charles F. Rettleborough for their contribution to my academic program at Texas A&M University. NOMENCLATURE [] [A] [Cl [D?l [r?] (F} [G] [l-l ['~, , l ['J, ] Jrz [K] [Ml {p... of the spinning rotor can be written as m. R. Z + f. = f. + m. ai?y + m. ai?p i iZ iZ iX i iX i iY + '2 id&iY ?iY ?iY ' & iP&ix ' e iXZ ' & iYZ (la) 2 ?i id( iX iX ?ix ~ ip~iY ~ iYZ ~iXZ (lb) where / Hydrogen I or o 0 p um'p Hain Combusrion Chamber Z...

  17. Assessment of research needs for wind turbine rotor materials technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind-driven power systems is a renewable energy technology that is still in the early stages of development. Wind power plants installed in early 1980s suffered structural failures chiefly because of incomplete understanding of wind forces (turbulent), in some cases because of poor product quality. Failures of rotor blades are now somewhat better understood. This committee has examined the experience base accumulated by wind turbines and the R and D programs sponsored by DOE. It is concluded that a wind energy system such as is described is within the capability of engineering practice; however because of certain gaps in knowledge, and the presence of only one major integrated manufacturer of wind power machines in the USA, a DOE R and D investment is still required.

  18. Adaptor assembly for coupling turbine blades to rotor disks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delvaux, John McConnel; Garcia-Crespo, Andres Jose; Joyce, Kilmer Joseph; Tindell, Allan Randall

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    An adaptor assembly for coupling a blade root of a turbine blade to a root slot of a rotor disk is disclosed. The adaptor assembly may generally include an adaptor body having a root configured to be received within the root slot. The adaptor body may also define a slot having an open end configured to receive the blade root. The adaptor body may further define a channel. The adaptor assembly may also include a plate having an outwardly extending foot. The foot may be configured to be received within the channel. Additionally, the plate may be configured to cover at least a portion of the open end of the slot when the foot is received within the channel.

  19. Cooling system for a bearing of a turbine rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a gas turbine, a bore tube assembly radially inwardly of an aft bearing conveys cooling steam to the buckets of the turbine and returns the cooling steam to a return. To cool the bearing and thermally insulate the bearing from the cooling steam paths, a radiation shield is spaced from the bore tube assembly by a dead air gap. Additionally, an air passageway is provided between the radiation shield and the inner surface of an aft shaft forming part of the rotor. Air is supplied from an inlet for flow along the passage and radially outwardly through bores in the aft shaft disk to cool the bearing and insulate it from transfer of heat from the cooling steam.

  20. WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malcolm, D. J.; Hansen, A. C.

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of the turbine rotor study completed by Global Energy Concepts (GEC) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's WindPACT (Wind Partnership for Advanced Component Technologies) project. The purpose of the WindPACT project is to identify technology improvements that will enable the cost of energy from wind turbines to fall to a target of 3.0 cents/kilowatt-hour in low wind speed sites. The study focused on different rotor configurations and the effect of scale on those rotors.

  1. Rotordynamic performance of a rotor supported on bump-type foil bearings: experiments and predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubio Tabares, Dario

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Ww P L D= ? ? , Load coefficient Wn Bearing load [N] X, Y Horizontal and vertical rotor displacements xG Distance between the rotor CG to the free end [mm] z Damping ratio ? ( ) K E T t? = ? . FB dimensionless stiffness coefficient ? 26... length [mm] m Imbalance mass [kg] zm ? z z D ? = ? ?? , Total axial flow rate [kg/s] M, MB Rotor mass and bearing mass [kg] zM ? ( )2 23 24 s a z V g P PcM R T L ? ? = ? ? ? ? , Mass flow rate per bearing circumferential length [kg/m.s] N1...

  2. The diameter and evolutionary state of Procyon A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kervella, P; Morel, P; Berthomieu, G; Bordé, P J; Provost, J P

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the angular diameter measurement obtained with the VINCI/VLTI instrument on the nearby star Procyon A (alpha CMi A, F5IV-V), at a relative precision of +/- 0.9%. We obtain a uniform disk angular diameter in the K band of UD = 5.376 +/- 0.047 mas and a limb darkened value of LD = 5.448 +/- 0.053 mas. Together with the Hipparcos parallax, this gives a linear diameter of 2.048 +/- 0.025 D_sun. We use this result in combination with spectroscopic, photometric and asteroseismic constraints to model this star with the CESAM code. One set of modeling parameters that reproduces the observations within their error bars are an age of 2314 Myr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i = 0.301 and an initial mass ratio of heavy elements to hydrogen Z/X_i = 0.0314. We also computed the adiabatic oscillation spectrum of our model of Procyon A, giving a mean large frequency separation of Delta nu_0 = 54.7 microHz. This value is in agreement with the seismic observations by Martic et al. (1999, 2001). The interferometri...

  3. An efficient algorithm for blade loss simulations applied to a high-order rotor dynamics problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthasarathy, Nikhil Kaushik

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, a novel approach is presented for blade loss simulation of an aircraft gas turbine rotor mounted on rolling element bearings with squeeze film dampers, seal rub and enclosed in a flexible housing. The modal truncation augmentation...

  4. The effect of imbalance distribution and measurement locations on critical speeds in a turboprop engine rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, Manuel

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This study examines the influence of imbalance distribution and vibration measurement location on critical speeds for a model turboprop engine rotor. Imbalance response measurements are presented for a full scale model mounted in rolling bearings with squeeze...

  5. A study of chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Steven Rey

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . Numerous researchers have published a myriad of papers on the application of chaos theory to mechanical, electrical and biological systems. However, control theories of chaos have been in existence for only a decade and have not been applied to rotor...

  6. Identification of force coefficients in flexible rotor-bearing systems - enhancements and further validations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balantrapu, Achuta Kishore Rama Krishna

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rotor-bearing system characteristics, such as natural frequencies, mode shapes, stiffness and damping coefficients, are essential to diagnose and correct vibration problems during system operation. Of the above characteristics, accurate...

  7. Effects of rotor tip clearance on an embedded compressor stage performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakulkaew, Sitanun

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressor efficiency variation with rotor tip gap is assessed using numerical simulations on an embedded stage representative of that in a large industrial gas turbine with Reynolds number being approximately 2 x 106 to ...

  8. An embedded controller for quad-rotor flying robots running distributed algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian, Brian John

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple collaborating quad-rotor flying robots are useful in a broad range of applications, from surveillance with onboard cameras to reconfiguration of wireless networks. For these applications, it is often advantageous ...

  9. Measurements of imbalance response for a rigid rotor fully supported on squeeze film dampers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubell, Daniel Roger

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speeds. Adding damping to a rotor-bearing system reduces vibration amplitudes and provides isolation from the support structure. Squeeze film dampers (SFD), if properly employed, have been shown to effectively provide viscous damping and attenuate...

  10. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Wave Rotor Research Program at Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MĂĽller, Norbert

    and power generation purposes including utilization of wave rotors for microturbines, ultra-micro gas turbines, and water refrigeration systems. In collaboration with the research team at Warsaw University

  11. The cost of noise reduction for departure and arrival operations of commercial tilt rotor aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, Henry B.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between direct operating cost (DOC) and noise annoyance due to a departure and an arrival operation was developed for commercial tilt rotor aircraft. This was accomplished by generating a series of tilt ...

  12. Crossflow instability in rotor-stator flows with throughflow , M.-P. Chauve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Crossflow instability in rotor-stator flows with throughflow S. Poncet , M.-P. Chauve We study. As the axial velocity profiles exhibit inflexion points, this instability is of crossflow type. From

  13. A RIGOROUS, ENGINEER-FRIENDLY APPROACH FOR MODELING REALISTIC, COMPOSITE ROTOR BLADES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wenbin

    structures of the type encountered in wind turbine blades, helicopter rotor blades, and the like such as wind turbine blades lead to a splitting of the problem into a (usually) linear, two-dimensional cross

  14. Method and apparatus for reducing rotor blade deflections, loads, and/or peak rotational speed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw; Pierce, Kirk Gee

    2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for reducing at least one of loads, deflections of rotor blades, or peak rotational speed of a wind turbine includes storing recent historical pitch related data, wind related data, or both. The stored recent historical data is analyzed to determine at least one of whether rapid pitching is occurring or whether wind speed decreases are occurring. A minimum pitch, a pitch rate limit, or both are imposed on pitch angle controls of the rotor blades conditioned upon results of the analysis.

  15. Analytical determination of performance degradation on a helicopter main rotor due to ice accretion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camba, Javier

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION ON A HELICOPTER MAIN ROTOR DUE TO ICE ACCRETION A Thesis by JAVIER CAMBA III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION ON A HELICOPTER MAIN ROTOR DUE TO ICE ACCRETION A Thesis by JAVIER CAMBA III Approval as to style and content by...

  16. Genetic icing effects on forward flight performance of a model helicopter rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinetti-Sanchez, Ana Fiorella

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis by ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth D. Korkan...

  17. Experimental response of a rotor supported on Rayleigh step gas bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xuehua

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    synchronous responses to imbalance correlate well with the measurements, however. The Rayleigh step gas bearing shows similar characteristics to the flexure pivot tilting pad bearing (FPTPB) tested in 2003. However, the test Rayleigh step gas bearings...] ? A Air density at ambient pressure [kg/m3] viii X, Y, z Inertial coordinate system Zij Impedance force coefficients; i, j = X ,Y [N/m] ? c Rotor critical speed [rad/s] ? ,, ? Rotor rotational speed and excitation frequency [rad/s...

  18. The effect of teeth-on-stator labyrinth seals on rotor imbalance response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, Eileen Marie

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Walter Bradley (Head of Deparnnent) Richanl M. exander (Member) Susan C. Geller (Member) August 1991 ABSTRACT The Effect of Teeth~-Stator Labyrinth Seals on Rotor Imbalance Response. (August 1991) Eileen Marie Conway, B. S. . Virginia... for calculating critical speeds created by a disk bouncing on a rotor. Pmdicted critical speeds agree well with experimental results. DEDICATION This thesis is dedicated to the memory of William E. Hayman, who loved to kick the tin around. but encouraged me...

  19. Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    If you’ve ever driven by an industrial plant, you’ve probably noticed big white plumes rising from the tops of the facilities. While it might look like smoke or pollution at first glance, most of the time those white plumes are comprised of steam and heat, or what Ener-G-Rotors CEO Michael Newell calls waste heat. Mike and the researchers of Ener-G-Rotors are finding ways to use this escaped steam and turn it into energy.

  20. Radio source orientation and the angular diameter-redshift relation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onuora, L.I. (University of Nigeria, Nsukka (Nigeria))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of a nonrandom source orientation on the angular diameter-redshift relation was considered for the 3CR sample of Laing et al., based on the 'unified' scheme of Barthel. For an inhomogeneous sample of objects displaying milliarcsecond scale structure, it was found that there was no evidence for a systematic variation for orientation angle with redshift. However, if it was assumed that quasars are closer to the line of sight than powerful extended radio galaxies, then the observed angular size-redshift relation could be interpreted in terms of source orientation, rather than linear size evolution. 14 refs.

  1. The effect of pipe diameter on orifice mixers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomme, Warren James

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in kerosene, V is the total rate of flow in gallons per minute~ DO is the orifice diameter and A is the interfacial area in square centimeters per cubic centimeter of dispersion. This correlation indicated a linear relationship between the velocity... function of the change in kinetic energy across the orifice and the volume fraction of water in kerosene. Also considered was a correlation based on dimensional analysis. The first of these two correlations is as follows: il 1 661 (P)o. il4) (/ //0)0'V...

  2. Prediction of tree diameter growth using quantile regression and mixed-effects models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Quang V.

    Prediction of tree diameter growth using quantile regression and mixed-effects models Som B. Bohora diameter predictions for the same tree in the future. Another approach considered in this study involved and mixed-effects models in predicting tree diameter growth. Tree diameter at the end of each growth period

  3. Allowable pillar to diameter ratio for strategic petroleum reserve caverns.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report compiles 3-D finite element analyses performed to evaluate the stability of Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) caverns over multiple leach cycles. When oil is withdrawn from a cavern in salt using freshwater, the cavern enlarges. As a result, the pillar separating caverns in the SPR fields is reduced over time due to usage of the reserve. The enlarged cavern diameters and smaller pillars reduce underground stability. Advances in geomechanics modeling enable the allowable pillar to diameter ratio (P/D) to be defined. Prior to such modeling capabilities, the allowable P/D was established as 1.78 based on some very limited experience in other cavern fields. While appropriate for 1980, the ratio conservatively limits the allowable number of oil drawdowns and hence limits the overall utility and life of the SPR cavern field. Analyses from all four cavern fields are evaluated along with operating experience gained over the past 30 years to define a new P/D for the reserve. A new ratio of 1.0 is recommended. This ratio is applicable only to existing SPR caverns.

  4. Control system for a wound-rotor motor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ellis, James N. (Chatsworth, CA)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A load switching circuit for switching two or more transformer taps under load carrying conditions includes first and second parallel connected bridge rectifier circuits which control the selective connection of a direct current load to taps of a transformer. The first bridge circuit is normally conducting so that the load is connected to a first tap through the first bridge circuit. To transfer the load to the second tap, a switch is operable to connect the second bridge circuit to a second tap, and when the second bridge circuit begins to conduct, the first bridge circuit ceases conduction because the potential at the second tap is higher than the potential at the first tap, and the load is thus connected to the second tap through the second bridge circuit. The load switching circuit is applicable in a motor speed controller for a wound-rotor motor for effecting tap switching as a function of motor speed while providing a stepless motor speed control characteristic.

  5. Seismic fragility test of a 6-inch diameter pipe system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, W. P.; Onesto, A. T.; DeVita, V.

    1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the test results and assessments of seismic fragility tests performed on a 6-inch diameter piping system. The test was funded by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and conducted by ETEC. The objective of the test was to investigate the ability of a representative nuclear piping system to withstand high level dynamic seismic and other loadings. Levels of loadings achieved during seismic testing were 20 to 30 times larger than normal elastic design evaluations to ASME Level D limits would permit. Based on failure data obtained during seismic and other dynamic testing, it was concluded that nuclear piping systems are inherently able to withstand much larger dynamic seismic loadings than permitted by current design practice criteria or predicted by the probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods and several proposed nonlinear methods of failure analysis.

  6. Operation of a test bed axial-gap brushless DC rotor with a superconducting stator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKeever, J.W.; Sohns, C.W.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Young, R.W. Sr.; Campbell, V.W.; Hickey, M.H.; Ott, G.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bailey, J.M. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A variable-speed axial-gap motor with a stator consisting of four liquid helium cooled superconducting electromagnets (two pole pairs) was built and proof tested up to 608 rpm in November 1990 as a tool for joint industry-laboratory evaluation of coils fabricated from high-temperature oxide superconductors. A second rotor was fabricated with improved material, winding configuration, and wire type, and the drive system was modified to eliminate current spiking. The modified motor was characterized to design speed, 188 rad/s (1800 rpm), to acquire a performance baseline for future comparison with that of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) wire. As it becomes commercially available, HTS wire will replace the low-temperature electromagnet wire in a stator modified to control wire temperatures between 4 K and 77 K. Measurements of the superconducting electromagnetic field and locked rotor torque as functions of cryocurrent and dc current through two phases of the rotor, respectively, provided data to estimate power that could be developed by the rotor. Back emf and parasitic mechanical and electromagnetic drag torques were measured as functions of angular velocity to calculate actual rotor power developed and to quantify losses, which reduce the motor`s efficiency. A detailed measurement of motor power at design speed confirmed the developed power equation. When subsequently operated at the 33-A maximum available rotor current, the motor delivered 15.3 kW (20.5 hp) to the load. In a final test, the cryostat was operated at 2500 A, 200 A below its critical current. At rotor design current of 60 A and 2500 A stator current, the extrapolated developed power would be 44.2 kW (59.2 hp) with 94% efficiency.

  7. Segmented Ultralight Pre-Aligned Rotor for Extreme-Scale Wind Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loth, E.; Steele, A.; Ichter, B.; Selig, M.; Moriarty, P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To alleviate the mass-scaling issues associated with conventional upwind rotors of extreme-scale turbines, a downwind rotor concept is proposed which employs fixed blade curvature based on force alignment at rated conditions. For a given peak stress constraint, the reduction in downwind cantilever loads allows reduced shell and spar thickness, and thus a reduced blade mass as compared with a conventional upwind rotor, especially as rotor sizes approach extreme-scales. To quantify this mass reduction, a Finite Element Analysis was conducted for a 10 MW rated rotor based on the NREL offshore 5 MW baseline wind turbine. The results show that this 'pre-alignment' yields a net downstream deflection of 32 deg, a downward hub-pitch angle of 6 deg, a 20% increase in blade length (to maintain the same radius as the conventional blade), and a net mass savings of about 50% through decreased shell and spar thicknesses. The pre-alignment may also allow a more straightforward and efficient segmentation of the blade since shear stresses near joints are substantially reduced. Segmenting, in turn, can dramatically reduce costs associated with fabrication, transport and assembly for extreme-scale off-shore systems. The pre-aligned geometric curvature can also help alleviate tower wake effects on the blades since blade tips (where shadow effects can be most problematic) are shifted downstream where the tower wake is weaker. In addition, the portion of the tower that is upstream of the blade tips can be faired with an externally-rotating aerodynamic shroud. Furthermore, the downwind rotor can allow a floating off-shore tri-pod platform to reduce tower weight and yaw-control requirements. A simple economic analysis of the segmented ultralight pre-aligned rotor (SUPAR) concept suggests that the overall system cost savings can be as much as 25%, indicating that more detailed (numerical and experimental) investigations are warranted.

  8. Method and apparatus for wind turbine air gap control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grant, James Jonathan; Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran; Jansen, Patrick Lee; DiMascio, Paul Stephen; Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya; Qu, Ronghai

    2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and apparatus for assembling a wind turbine generator are provided. The wind turbine generator includes a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis, a rotor rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis wherein the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to a radially outer periphery of the rotor such that an airgap is defined between the stator windings and the magnetic elements and the plurality of magnetic elements including a radially inner periphery having a first diameter. The wind turbine generator also includes a bearing including a first member in rotatable engagement with a radially inner second member, the first member including a radially outer periphery, a diameter of the radially outer periphery of the first member being substantially equal to the first diameter, the rotor coupled to the stator through the bearing such that a substantially uniform airgap is maintained.

  9. Transient analysis of a flywheel battery containment during a full rotor burst event.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsieh, B. J.

    1998-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Flywheels are being developed for use in an Advanced Locomotive Propulsion System (ALPS) targeted for use in high speed passenger rail service. The ALPS combines high performance, high speed gas turbines, motor/generators and flywheels to provide a light-weight, fuel-efficient power system. Such a system is necessary to avoid the high cost of railway electrification, as is currently done for high speed rail service (>100mph) since diesels are too heavy. The light-weight flywheel rotors are made from multilayered composite materials, and are operated at extremely high energy levels. Metal containment structures have been designed to enclose the rotors and provide encapsulation of the rotor during postulated failure events. One such event is a burst mode failure of the rotor in which the composite rim is assumed to burst into debris that impacts against the containment. This paper presents a finite element simulation of the transient structural response of a subscale metal flywheel containment structure to a rotor burst event.

  10. Dynamic Rotor Deformation and Vibration Monitoring Using a Non-Incremental Laser Doppler Distance Sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfister, Thorsten; Guenther, Philipp; Dreier, Florian; Czarske, Juergen [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Laboratory for Measurement and Testing Techniques, Helmholtzstrasse 18, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

    2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Monitoring rotor deformations and vibrations dynamically is an important task for improving the safety and the lifetime as well as the energy efficiency of motors and turbo machines. However, due to the high rotor speed encountered in particular at turbo machines, this requires concurrently a high measurement rate and high accuracy, which can not be fulfilled by most commercially available sensors. To solve this problem, we developed a non-incremental laser Doppler distance sensor (LDDS), which is able to measure simultaneously the in-plane velocity and the out-of-plane position of moving rough solid objects with micrometer precision. In addition, this sensor concurrently offers a high temporal resolution in the microsecond range, because its position uncertainty is in principle independent of the object velocity in contrast to conventional distance sensors, which is a unique feature of the LDDS. Consequently, this novel sensor enables precise and dynamic in-process deformation and vibration measurements on rotating objects, such as turbo machine rotors, even at very high speed. In order to evidence the capability of the LDDS, measurements of rotor deformations (radial expansion), vibrations and wobbling motions are presented at up to 50,000 rpm rotor speed.

  11. NON-STATIONARY TEMPERATURE STRESSES IN THE INDUSTRIAL STEAM TURBINE ROTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zvonimir Guzovi?; Krešimir Kova?i?; Tihomir Mihali?

    The usage of industrial steam turbines in different industrial branches (chemistry, petrochemistry, refineries, sugar and ethanol plants, etc.) for a generator drive for electricity generation or a mechanical drive for compressors, blowers and pumps, is characterized by the need for high flexibility of operation. High flexibility includes numerous start-ups, shut-downs and power changes during the useful life. Changes in power and steam mass flow lead to changes of the working fluid state in the single turbine stages, and thus their aerodynamic and thermodynamic characteristics. During these transient working regimes in steam turbine rotors, large space and time-dependent temperature gradients appear, which can result in high non-stationary temperature stresses, i.e. increased local stress concentrations, what has a negative impact on the useful life of the rotor. In the worst case they can cause fracture of the turbine rotor. Today, for the determination of thermal stressed state of the steam turbine parts the user softwares based on numerical methods are used. In this paper the results of numerical modelling and calculations of non-stationary temperature fields and related stresses in the rotor of industrial steam turbine of 35 MW power during transient operating regime (a cold startup) will be presented. The results of the calculations serve for estimation of the transient regime impact on the stresses of the rotor, as well as on its entire useful life. Key words: industrial steam turbine, transient regimes, temperature stresses, numerical modelling 1.

  12. Non-equilibrium steady state and subgeometric ergodicity for a chain of three coupled rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé Cuneo; Jean-Pierre Eckmann; Christophe Poquet

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a chain of three rotors (rotators) whose ends are coupled to stochastic heat baths. The temperatures of the two baths can be different, and we allow some constant torque to be applied at each end of the chain. Under some non-degeneracy condition on the interaction potentials, we show that the process admits a unique invariant probability measure, and that it is ergodic with a stretched exponential rate. The interesting issue is to estimate the rate at which the energy of the middle rotor decreases. As it is not directly connected to the heat baths, its energy can only be dissipated through the two outer rotors. But when the middle rotor spins very rapidly, it fails to interact effectively with its neighbors due to the rapid oscillations of the forces. By averaging techniques, we obtain an effective dynamics for the middle rotor, which then enables us to find a Lyapunov function. This and an irreducibility argument give the desired result. We finally illustrate numerically some properties of the non-equilibrium steady state.

  13. A Proof by the Simplex Method for the Diameter of a (0,1)-Polytope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    by proving that the diameter of any (0,1)-polytope in d-dimensional. Euclidean space is at most d. In this short paper, we give a simple proof for the diameter.

  14. A First-Order Stochastic Prognostic System for the Diagnosis of Helicopter Rotor Systems for the US Navy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luger, George

    Navy Chayan Chakrabarti, Roshan Rammohan, and George F. Luger {cc | roshan | luger} @cs a diagnostic system for the US Navy to use in the analysis of the "running health" of helicopter rotor systems the data sets of actual helicopter rotor failures supplied by the US Navy. We discuss both critical

  15. AUTOMATED WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS IN SMALL-DIAMETER AQUIFER TUBES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PETERSEN SW; EDRINGTON RS; MAHOOD RO; VANMIDDLESWORTH PE

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium, strontium-90, and uranium discharges into the Columbia River along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the shoreline. Various treatment systems have and will continue to be implemented to eliminate the impact of Hanford Site contamination to the river. To optimize the various remediation strategies, it is important to understand interactions between groundwater and the surface water of the Columbia River. An automated system to record water levels in aquifer sampling tubes installed in the hyporheic zone was designed and tested to (1) gain a more complete understanding of groundwater/river water interactions based on gaining and losing conditions ofthe Columbia River, (2) record and interpret data for consistent and defensible groundwater/surface water conceptual models that may be used to better predict subsurface contaminant fate and transport, and (3) evaluate the hydrodynamic influence of extraction wells in an expanded pump-and-treat system to optimize the treatment system. A system to measure water levels in small-diameter aquifer tubes was designed and tested in the laboratory and field. The system was configured to allow manual measurements to periodically calibrate the instrument and to permit aquifer tube sampling without removing the transducer tube. Manual measurements were collected with an e-tape designed and fabricated especially for this test. Results indicate that the transducer system accurately records groundwater levels in aquifer tubes. These data are being used to refine the conceptual and numeric models to better understand interactions in the hyporheic zone of the Columbia River and the adjacent river water and groundwater, and changes in hydrochemistry relative to groundwater flux as river water recharges the aquifer and then drains back out in response to changes in the river level.

  16. Improved Structure and Fabrication of Large, High-Power KHPS Rotors - Final Scientific/Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corren, Dean [Verdant Power, Inc.; Colby, Jonathan [Verdant Power, Inc.; Adonizio, Mary Ann [Verdant Power, Inc.

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Verdant Power, Inc, working in partnership with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), and the University of Minnesota St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL), among other partners, used evolving Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models and techniques to improve the structure and fabrication of large, high-power composite Kinetic Hydropower System (KHPS) rotor blades. The objectives of the project were to: design; analyze; develop for manufacture and fabricate; and thoroughly test, in the lab and at full scale in the water, the improved KHPS rotor blade.

  17. Notes 05. Dynamics of a simple rotor-fluid film bearing system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    San Andres, Luis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    () := step in rpm n 1 Nmax..:= T supply 50 K= rpm n Dr n()?:= rotor running speed(rpm) ? n rpm n ? 30 ? rad sec ?:= rotor speed(rad/sec) krpm rpm 1000 := it max 10:= Max iterations for thermal loop VISCOSITY formula ? T() ? supply e ?? TT supply... in ? Q ? Q 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?T ? ?? T ? T supply ?T ? +? T in T supply ?T in +? T guess T eff ? T eff 0.5 T in T ? + () ?? x ?? it it max () ?while := Speed in rev/sec Speed in rad/sec Guess (set) Effective temperature effective...

  18. Effect of a straight teeth-on-rotor labyrinth seal on rotordynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zierer, Joseph John

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF A STRAIGHT TEETH-ON-ROTOR LABYRINTH SEAL ON ROTORDYNAMICS A Thesis by JOSEPH JOHN ZIERER, JR. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering EFFECT OF A STRAIGHT TEETH-ON-ROTOR LABYRINTH SEAL ON ROTORDYNAMICS A Thesis by JOSEPH JOHN ZIERER, JR. Approved as to style and content by: John Vance (Chair of committee) ouJgurgw e...

  19. MPC for Wind Power Gradients --Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MPC for Wind Power Gradients -- Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage define an extremely low power output gradient and demonstrate how decentralized energy storage conservative bids on the power market. Energy storage strikes the major problems of wind power and joining

  20. Magnetic Patterning of Permanent-Magnet Rotors for Microscale Motor/Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnetic Patterning of Permanent-Magnet Rotors for Microscale Motor/Generators I. Zana* , F, USA Abstract We present and characterize a process to pattern magnetic poles on small permanent-magnet, this approach uses a ferromagnetic magnetizing head (MH) and an externally applied magnetic field, and it offers

  1. 3-D Time-Accurate CFD Simulations of Wind Turbine Rotor Flow Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    problems such as helicopter rotors and propellers. In particular, wind turbine blades can experience large from the tower support on downwind, horizontal axis wind turbines. These blade/inflow/tower wake in large scale wind turbines, because the blade passage frequency is well below the audible range

  2. INVESTIGATION OF A COMPRESSOR ROTOR NON-SYNCHRONOUS VIBRATION WITH AND WITHOUT FLUID-STRUCTURE INTERACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zha, Gecheng

    INVESTIGATION OF A COMPRESSOR ROTOR NON-SYNCHRONOUS VIBRATION WITH AND WITHOUT FLUID) of a high speed multistage axial compressor using rigid blade and vibrating blade with fluid blades of a high-speed compressor showing the frequency lock-in near the 1st torsional mode (1T) during

  3. Performance of Rotors in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    a novel design of BDFM rotor, will perform in a BDFM configured as a variable speed generator. The results The BDFM is attractive as a variable speed generator for wind turbines. In this application, one stator. The BDFM operates in synchronous mode with a fixed relationship between the shaft speed, grid frequency

  4. Blade-forced vibration effects in turbomachinery rotor-stator interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collard, Joseph Eugene

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the effects of blade-forced vibration in turbomachinery rotor-stator interaction. A quasi-three-dimensional multi-row analysis, based on an Euler/Navier-Stokes solver and a parallel computational algorithm, was used to simulate...

  5. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Numerical Solutions for Ultra-Micro Wave Rotors (UWR)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MĂĽller, Norbert

    , 48824 Starting in 1995, with the MIT "Micro Gas Turbine" project, the mechanical engineering research to an ultra-micro gas turbine. It discusses the advantages of wave rotor as topping units for gas turbines. Introduction ltra Micro Gas Turbines (UµGT) are expected to be the next generation of power source for any

  6. Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biktashev, Vadim N.

    wave patterns in R 2 , in terms of the kinematic approach. These patterns include rotating waves by Winfree [13]. The kinematic approach of [8] also considered a boundary of existence of spiral waveWaves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media. Yu.E. Elkin

  7. Method and apparatus for determining diameter and wall thickness of minute hollow spherical shells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steinman, D.A.

    1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and apparatus for determining diameter and wall thickness of hollow microspheres or shells wherein terminal velocities of shells traveling in fluid-filled conduits of differing diameters are measured. A wall-effect factor is determined as a ratio of the terminal velocities, and shell outside diameter may then be ascertained as a predetermined empirical function of wall-effect factor. For shells of known outside diameter, wall thickness may then be ascertained as a predetermined empirical function of terminal velocity in either conduit.

  8. CONSTRUCTION AND TESTING OF THE TWO METER DIAMETER TPC THIN SUPERCONDUCTING SOLENOID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DIAMETER TPC THIN SUPERCONDUCTING SOLENOID . 'i.A. Green,an Aluminum Stabilized Superconductor", Cryogenics 17, Vol.and Construction of a Superconducting Stabilized Aluminum

  9. Impact of Rotor Surface Velocity, Leakage Models and Real Gas Properties on Rotordynamic Force Predictions of Gas Labyrinth Seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorat, Manish R.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Rotordynamic coefficients of a gas labyrinth seal are assumed to be frequency independent. However, this assumption loses its validity as rotor surface velocity approaches Mach 1. The solution procedure of 1CV model by Childs and Scharrer which...

  10. Compressibility effects on rotor forces in the leakage path between a shrouded pump impeller and its housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Nhai The

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPRESSIBILITY EFFECTS ON ROTOR FORCES IN THE LEAKAGE PATH BETWEEN A SHROUDED PUMP IMPELLER AND ITS HOUSING A Thesis by NHAI THE CAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfilltnent... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering COMPRESSIBILITY EFFECTS ON ROTOR FORCES IN THE LEAKAGE PATH BETWEEN A SHROUDED PUMP IMPELLER AND ITS HOUSING A Thesis by NHAI THE CAO Approved...

  11. THE RADIO NUMBERS OF ALL GRAPHS OF ORDER n AND DIAMETER n -2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomova, Maggy

    THE RADIO NUMBERS OF ALL GRAPHS OF ORDER n AND DIAMETER n - 2 KATHERINE BENSON, MATTHEW PORTER, AND MAGGY TOMOVA Abstract. A radio labeling of a connected graph G is a function c : V (G) Z+ such that for every two distinct vertices u and v of G distance(u, v) + |c(u) - c(v)| 1 + diameter(G). The radio

  12. Vertically aligned crystalline silicon nanowires with controlled diameters for energy conversion applications: Experimental and theoretical insights

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razek, Sara Abdel; Swillam, Mohamed A.; Allam, Nageh K., E-mail: nageh.allam@aucegypt.edu [Department of Physics, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835 (Egypt)

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Vertically orientated single crystalline silicon nanowire (SiNW) arrays with controlled diameters are fabricated via a metal-assisted chemical etching method. The diameter of the fabricated nanowires is controlled by simply varying the etching time in HF/H{sub 2}O{sub 2} electrolytes. The fabricated SiNWs have diameters ranging from 117 to 650?nm and lengths from 8 to 18??m. The optical measurements showed a significant difference in the reflectance/absorption of the SiNWs with different diameters, where the reflectance increases with increasing the diameter of the SiNWs. The SiNWs showed significant photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra with peaks lying between 380 and 670?nm. The PL intensity increases as the diameter increases and shows red shift for peaks at ?670?nm. The increase or decrease of reflectivity is coincident with PL intensity at wavelength ?660?nm. The x-ray diffraction patterns confirm the high crystallinity of the fabricated SiNWs. In addition, the Raman spectra showed a shift in the first order transverse band toward lower frequencies compared to that usually seen for c-Si. Finite difference time domain simulations have been performed to confirm the effect of change of diameter on the optical properties of the nanowires. The simulation results showed good agreement with the experimental results for the SiNWs of different diameters.

  13. NT13 Satellites Saturday MSIN13 Posters Precursor-dependent reversible diameter modulation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of an acetonitrile-ethanol mixture [1]. The addition of no morethanfivevolumepercentacetonitrileinethanolresultsinadramaticreductionofthemeanSWNTdiameter. In the absence of acetonitrile, the mean diameter returns to the ~2 nm typical by the addition or absence of acetonitrile in the feedstock, and this diameter change is both reversible

  14. The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of NChromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liben-Nowell, David

    The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N­Chromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natu­ ral but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  15. The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liben-Nowell, David

    The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of different species. For each of these measures, a natu- ral but often difficult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  16. CHARACTERIZATION OF MECHANICAL PERFORMANCE OF NT154 SILICON NITRIDE MICROTRUBINE ROTORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL; Ferber, Mattison K [ORNL; Waters, Shirley B [ORNL; Kirkland, Timothy Philip [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the results on recent component characterization efforts carried out to verify the mechanical reliability of NT154 silicon nitride microturbine rotors manufactured by Saint-Gobain. Mechanical properties of biaxial discs machined from airfoil as well as hub region of microturbine rotors were evaluated by a ball-on-ring test technique. Results showed that the mechanical properties of specimens from airfoils with as-processed surfaces exhibited lower characteristic strength than those machined from the hub region with as-machined surfaces. The differences in mechanical performance and reliability between as-processed components and simple-shaped test coupons appear to arise mainly from differences in strength limiting flaw type and microstructure verified by detailed electron microscopy analysis.

  17. Microwave-emitting rotor, separator apparatus including same, methods of operation and design thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meikrantz, David H.

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for use in separating, at least in part, a mixture, including at least one chamber and at least one microwave generation device configured for communicating microwave energy into the at least one chamber is disclosed. The rotor assembly may comprise an electric generator for generating electricity for operating the microwave generation device. At least one microwave generation device may be positioned within a tubular interior shaft extending within the rotor assembly. At least a portion of the tubular interior shaft may be substantially transparent to microwave energy. Microwave energy may be emitted in an outward radial direction or toward an anticipated boundary surface defined between a mixture and a separated constituent thereof. A method including flowing a mixture through at least one chamber and communicating microwave energy into the at least one chamber while rotating same is disclosed. Methods of operating a centrifugal separator and design thereof are disclosed.

  18. Risk assessment of turbine rotor failure using probabilistic ultrasonic non-destructive evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guan, Xuefei; Zhang, Jingdan; Zhou, S. Kevin [Siemens Corporation, Corporate Technology, 755 College Rd. E., Princeton NJ 08540 (United States); Rasselkorde, El Mahjoub; Abbasi, Waheed A. [Siemens Energy Inc., 841 Old Frankstown Road, Pittsburgh PA 15239 (United States)

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The study presents a method and application of risk assessment methodology for turbine rotor fatigue failure using probabilistic ultrasonic nondestructive evaluations. A rigorous probabilistic modeling for ultrasonic flaw sizing is developed by incorporating the model-assisted probability of detection, and the probability density function (PDF) of the actual flaw size is derived. Two general scenarios, namely the ultrasonic inspection with an identified flaw indication and the ultrasonic inspection without flaw indication, are considered in the derivation. To perform estimations for fatigue reliability and remaining useful life, uncertainties from ultrasonic flaw sizing and fatigue model parameters are systematically included and quantified. The model parameter PDF is estimated using Bayesian parameter estimation and actual fatigue testing data. The overall method is demonstrated using a realistic application of steam turbine rotor, and the risk analysis under given safety criteria is provided to support maintenance planning.

  19. Effect of Cooling Flow on the Operation of a Hot Rotor-Gas Foil Bearing System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Keun

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    .2 Drive end GFB: Predicted bearing static parameters ................................. 157 M.3 Free end GFB: Predicted bearing static parameters ................................... 158 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Micro gas turbine engines (<400... kW) are light-weight compact units operating at extreme temperatures and at high rotor speeds to achieve the desired power with reduced emissions [1]. Employing gas foil bearings (GFBs) in micro gas turbines increases system efficiency...

  20. An experimental investigation of a tilt rotor aircraft wake in ground effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Michael Louis

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were taken at several disk loadings and various model to ground plane distances. The data collected was used to evaluate the horizontal wake component's effect on people by re- lating the experimental velocity profiles to an equivalent uniform... Flow Measurement Equipment. Wake Velocity Versus Distance from Tilt Rotor Wake Velocity Versus Disk Loading Tuft Flow Visualization ? H=3D, 3, 000 RPM Tuft Flow Visualization ? H=2D, 9, 000 RPM Flow Direction Measurement Results ? H=1D 14 20 22...

  1. Identification of rotordynamic forces in a flexible rotor system using magnetic bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zutavern, Zachary Scott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    IDENTIFICATION OF ROTORDYNAMIC FORCES IN A FLEXIBLE ROTOR SYSTEM USING MAGNETIC BEARINGS A Dissertation by ZACHARY SCOTT ZUTAVERN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... by ZACHARY SCOTT ZUTAVERN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Dara Childs Committee...

  2. Can quantum fractal fluctuations be observed in an atom-optics kicked rotor experiment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Tomadin; Riccardo Mannella; Sandro Wimberger

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the parametric fluctuations in the quantum survival probability of an open version of the delta-kicked rotor model in the deep quantum regime. Spectral arguments [Guarneri I and Terraneo M 2001 Phys. Rev. E vol. 65 015203(R)] predict the existence of parametric fractal fluctuations owing to the strong dynamical localisation of the eigenstates of the kicked rotor. We discuss the possibility of observing such dynamically-induced fractality in the quantum survival probability as a function of the kicking period for the atom-optics realisation of the kicked rotor. The influence of the atoms' initial momentum distribution is studied as well as the dependence of the expected fractal dimension on finite-size effects of the experiment, such as finite detection windows and short measurement times. Our results show that clear signatures of fractality could be observed in experiments with cold atoms subjected to periodically flashed optical lattices, which offer an excellent control on interaction times and the initial atomic ensemble.

  3. Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy we analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. in extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

  4. Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). Wind Technology Div.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable-speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable-speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy analyzed uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

  5. Variable speed operation of generators with rotor-speed feedback in wind power applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Migliore, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of induction generators in wind power applications has been common since the early development of the wind industry. Most of these generators operate at fixed frequency and are connected directly to the utility grid. Unfortunately, this mode of operation limits the rotor speed to a specific rpm. Variable speed operation is preferred in order to facilitate maximum energy capture over a wide range of wind speeds. This paper explores variable speed operating strategies for wind turbine applications. The objectives are to maximize energy production, provide controlled start-up, and reduce torque loading. This paper focuses on optimizing the energy captured by operating at maximum aerodynamic efficiency at any wind speed. The control strategy the authors analyze uses rotor speed and generator power as the feedback signals. In the normal operating region, rotor speed is used to compute a target power that corresponds to optimum operation. With power as the control objective, the power converter and generator are controlled to track the target power at any rpm. Thus, the torque-speed characteristic of the generator is shaped to optimize the energy capture. The target power is continuously updated at any rpm. In extreme areas of the operating envelope, during start-up, shutdown, generator overload, or overspeed, different strategies driven by other system considerations must be used.

  6. Impact of access port diameter on the long reach manipulator design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoughton, R.S.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many of the single shell storage tanks (SSTs) on the Hanford site appear to have central 42-in. risers which could be used as access ports for the Long Reach Manipulator (LRM). However, about half of the tanks are known to not have a central 42-in. riser and it has recently been discovered that of the tanks whose drawings indicate central 42-in. risers, the majority have been plugged, sealed, or taper down to a much smaller diameter at ground level. Thus, it can be assumed that a central access port for the LRM will have to be made. There are many issues involved in determining the best diameter for this access port such as radiation exposure, contamination prevention, and availability of remote excavation technology. This report analyzes the relationship between the access port diameter and the performance characteristics of the LRM. Previous work has assumed that the mast diameter would be 80% of the access port diameter. In this report, the maximum mast diameter will be varied rather than the access port diameter, leaving the issue of the required clearance between the mast and the access port open.

  7. Diameters of delta Cephei and eta Aquilae Measured with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. T. Armstrong; Tyler E. Nordgren; M. E. Germain; Arsen R. Hajian; R. B. Hindsley; C. A. Hummel; D. Mozurkewich; R. N. Thessin

    2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the diameters of the Cepheid variables delta Cephei (18 nights) and eta Aquilae (11 nights) with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer. The primary results of these observations are the mean angular diameters of these Cepheids: 1.520 +/- 0.014 milliseconds of arc (mas) for delta Cep and 1.69 +/- 0.04 mas for eta Aql. We also report limb-darkened diameters for the check stars in this program: for beta Lac, theta(LD) = 1.909 +/- 0.011 mas, and for 12 Aql, theta(LD) = 2.418 +/- 0.010 mas. When combined with radius estimates from period-radius relations in the literature, the Cepheid angular diameters suggest distances slightly smaller than, but still consistent with, the Hipparcos distances. Pulsations are weakly detected at a level of about 1.5 sigma to 2 sigma for both Cepheids.

  8. Analysis of cracking in small-diameter BWR piping. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eason, E.D.; Shusto, L.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In BWRs, the failure rate from intergranular stress corrosion cracking is lower for small piping than for piping of more than 4-in. diameter. Moreover, for the small piping, repair costs are considerably lower, and leakage has much less impact.

  9. Example 1. An ice cream cone has diameter 2 in and is made to ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An ice cream cone has diameter 2 in and is made to hold 8 in3 when filled completely with ice cream so that it has a hemi-spherical top. Find the height of the ...

  10. Evaluation of Methods to Predict Weibull Parameters for Characterizing Diameter Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Quang V.

    and Bennett (1965) applied the beta distribu- tion to describe diameter distributions on data from old yield models for slash pine (Bennett and Clutter 1968, Bennett et al. 1978), loblolly pine (Lenhart

  11. Rotor Design for High Pressure Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turcu, Romulus V.F.; Hoyt, David W.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Sears, Jesse A.; Loring, John S.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Z.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with a sample spinning rate exceeding 2.1 kHz and pressure greater than 165 bar has never been realized. In this work, a new sample cell design is reported, suitable for constructing cells of different sizes. Using a 7.5 mm high pressure MAS rotor as an example, internal pressure as high as 200 bar at a sample spinning rate of 6 kHz is achieved. The new high pressure MAS rotor is re-usable and compatible with most commercial NMR set-ups, exhibiting low 1H and 13C NMR background and offering maximal NMR sensitivity. As an example of its many possible applications, this new capability is applied to determine reaction products associated with the carbonation reaction of a natural mineral, antigorite ((Mg,Fe2+)3Si2O5(OH)4), in contact with liquid water in water-saturated supercritical CO2 (scCO2) at 150 bar and 50 deg C. This mineral is relevant to the deep geologic disposal of CO2, but its iron content results in too many sample spinning sidebands at low spinning rate. Hence, this chemical system is a good case study to demonstrate the utility of the higher sample spinning rates that can be achieved by our new rotor design. We expect this new capability will be useful for exploring solid-state, including interfacial, chemistry at new levels of high-pressure in a wide variety of fields.

  12. Quantum rotor description of the Mott-insulator transition in the Bose-Hubbard model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, T. P.; Kopec, T. K. [Institute for Low Temperatures and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wroclaw 2 (Poland)

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approach to the Bose-Hubbard model using the U(1) quantum rotor description. The effective action formalism allows us to formulate a problem in the phase only action and obtain analytical formulas for the critical lines. We show that the nontrivial U(1) phase field configurations have an impact on the phase diagrams. The topological character of the quantum field is governed by terms of the integer charges--winding numbers. The comparison of presented results to recently obtained quantum Monte Carlo numerical calculations suggests that the competition between quantum effects in strongly interacting boson systems is correctly captured by our model.

  13. Imbalance response of a rigid rotor supported on end sealed integral squeeze film dampers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Santiago Duran, Oscar Cesar

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of rotor vibration [m (in)] Coupled imbalance angle of excitation [', rad] = /I -/I. Efl'ective couple imbalance angle of excitation [', md] Remnant couple imbalance angle of excitation [', md] Fast Fourier transform of time response x(r) Pad arc... across the damper land, c is the radial clearance (0. 229 mm, 9 mila), )e is the lubricant viscosity, R is the journal radius (48. 26 mm, 1. 900 in), y is the pad arc extent (0. 907 rad, 52'), and L is the pad axial length (23. 0 mm, 0. 910 in...

  14. Characterizing Inflow Conditions Across the Rotor Disk of a Utility-Scale Wind Turbine (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifton, A.; Lundquist, J. K.; Kelley, N.; Scott, G.; Jager, D.; Schreck, S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-megawatt utility-scale wind turbines operate in a turbulent, thermally-driven atmosphere where wind speed and air temperature vary with height. Turbines convert the wind's momentum into electrical power, and so changes in the atmosphere across the rotor disk influence the power produced by the turbine. To characterize the inflow into utility scale turbines at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Boulder, Colorado, NREL recently built two 135-meter inflow monitoring towers. This poster introduces the towers and the measurements that are made, showing some of the data obtained in the first few months of operation in 2011.

  15. Backward Precessional Whip and Whirl for a Two Point Rubbing Contact Model of a Rigid Rotor Supported by an Elastically Supported Rigid Stator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Dhruv Dileep

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    model with coulomb friction. Dry friction simulations are performed for three separate models depending on the rotor‘s mass disk location with respect to the contact locations. The three models used have (1) Disk at center location (2) Disk at 3...

  16. Abstract--This paper proposes a methodology to decide the optimal matching between the size of the rotor of a wind turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the rotor of a wind turbine and the rated power of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. This is made of the wind turbine, the gearbox's transformation ratio, the battery voltage and the wind speed probability's rated power and the wind turbine's rotor size. The system studied in this paper consists of 220 (V)/50

  17. Diffusive Shock Acceleration of Electrons and Radio Emission from Large Diameter Shell-Type Supernova Remnants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. I. Asvarov

    2000-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In present study I examine the capability of diffusive shock acceleration mechanism to explain existing data on radio emission from evolved large diameter shell-type adiabatic supernova remnants (SNRs). Time-dependent ''onion-shell'' model for the radio emission of SNRs is developed, which is based on the assumptions: a) acceleration takes place from thermal energies and test-particle approximation is valid; b) the problem of injection is avoided by introducing, like Bell (1978), two injection parameters; c) to take into consideration very late stages of SNR evolution the analytic approximation of Cox and Andersen (1982) for the shell structure is used; c)no radiative cooling. Constructed Surface Brightness - Diameter $(\\Sigma -D)$ tracks are compared with the empirical $\\Sigma -D$ diagram. The main conclusion of the study is that the DSA mechanism is capable of explaining all the statistics of radio SNRs including very large diameter remnants and giant galactic loops.

  18. Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tangler, J.; Smith, B.; Kelley, N.; Jager, D.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades were compared to assess the accuracy of predictions and to identify the sources of error affecting both predictions and measurements. An awareness of these sources of error contributes to improved prediction and measurement methods that will ultimately benefit future rotor design efforts. Propeller/vane anemometers were found to underestimate the wind speed in turbulent environments such as the San Gorgonio Pass wind farm area. Using sonic or cup anemometers, good agreement was achieved between predicted and measured power output for wind speeds up to 8 m/sec. At higher wind speeds an optimistic predicted power output and the occurrence of peak power at wind speeds lower than measurements resulted from the omission of turbulence and yaw error. In addition, accurate two-dimensional (2-D) airfoil data prior to stall and a post stall airfoil data synthesization method that reflects three-dimensional (3-D) effects were found to be essential for accurate performance prediction. 11 refs.

  19. User's Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP). [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, A.D.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user's guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

  20. User`s Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, A.D.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

  1. Fatigue crack growth of titanium rotor alloys in vacuum and air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClung, R.C.; Lawless, B.H.; Gorelik, M.; Date, C.; Gill, Y.; Piascik, R.S.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An enhanced life management system for aircraft turbine engine rotors based on probabilistic damage tolerance methods is currently under development by the engine industry and the FAA, with an initial focus on fatigue cracking at hard alpha (HA) defects in titanium. Since HA defects are usually subsurface, any resulting cracks are embedded and hence isolated from the atmosphere (i.e., vacuum-like) for at least some of their life. Fatigue crack growth (GCG) tests have been conducted in vacuum at various temperatures and stress ratios for Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo+Si rotor alloys. A brief study of vacuum levels suggests that pressures of 10{sup {minus}6} Torr are adequate to capture full vacuum effects on FCG rates. Vacuum FCG results are compared with available air data. The vacuum data demonstrate temperature and stress ratio effects comparable to air data. The vacuum and air data exhibit the same growth rates in the upper Paris regime, but apparent thresholds are significantly higher in vacuum than in air.

  2. Evolution of laser-produced Sn extreme ultraviolet source diameter for high-brightness source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Amitava, E-mail: roy@fzu.cz, E-mail: aroy@barc.gov.in [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Za Radnicí 828, 25241 Dolní B?ežany (Czech Republic); Arai, Goki; Hara, Hiroyuki; Higashiguchi, Takeshi, E-mail: higashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Ohashi, Hayato [Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Research, University of Toyama, Toyama, Toyama 930-8555 (Japan); Sunahara, Atsushi [Institute for Laser Technology, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Li, Bowen [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Miura, Taisuke; Mocek, Tomas; Endo, Akira [HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Za Radnicí 828, 25241 Dolní B?ežany (Czech Republic)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the effect of irradiation of solid Sn targets with laser pulses of sub-ns duration and sub-mJ energy on the diameter of the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emitting region and source conversion efficiency. It was found that an in-band EUV source diameter as low as 18??m was produced due to the short scale length of a plasma produced by a sub-ns laser. Most of the EUV emission occurs in a narrow region with a plasma density close to the critical density value. Such EUV sources are suitable for high brightness and high repetition rate metrology applications.

  3. Using image processing to measure tree crown diameters and estimate percent crown closure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel, Darren Kyle

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS 13 16 18 19 19 20 21 21 23 23 24 24 27 28 30 31 33 35 FUTURE STUDY REFERENCES APPENDIX A APPENDIX B VITA Page 40 80 82 LIST OF TABLES Page TABLE 1 CROWN... AND CONVERSIONS USING THE RETICLE AND COMPUTER METHODS FOR STAND 13 72 TABLE 21. CROWN DIAMETER MEASURES AND CONVERSIONS USING THE RETICLE AND COMPUTER METHODS FOR STAND 14 TABLE 22. CROWN DIAMETER MEASURES AND CONVERSIONS USING THE RETICLE AND COMPUTER...

  4. Structure of Nup58/45 Suggests Flexible Nuclear Pore Diameter by Intermolecular Sliding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melcak,I.; Hoelz, A.; Blobel, G.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nucleoporins Nup58 and Nup45 are part of the central transport channel of the nuclear pore complex, which is thought to have a flexible diameter. In the crystal structure of an {alpha}-helical region of mammalian Nup58/45, we identified distinct tetramers, each consisting of two antiparallel hairpin dimers. The intradimeric interface is hydrophobic, whereas dimer-dimer association occurs through large hydrophilic residues. These residues are laterally displaced in various tetramer conformations, which suggests an intermolecular sliding by 11 angstroms. We propose that circumferential sliding plays a role in adjusting the diameter of the central transport channel.

  5. Instability of condensate lm and capillary blocking in small-diameter-thermosyphon condensers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    . Teng, P. Cheng*, T.S. Zhao Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science, such as air-conditioning, refriger- ation, and heat-pipe condensers, etc. The concurrent two be encountered in both concurrent and countercurrent condensers. In large-diameter (either concurrent

  6. Production of vertical arrays of small diameter single-walled carbon nanotubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hauge, Robert H; Xu, Ya-Qiong

    2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A hot filament chemical vapor deposition method has been developed to grow at least one vertical single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT). In general, various embodiments of the present invention disclose novel processes for growing and/or producing enhanced nanotube carpets with decreased diameters as compared to the prior art.

  7. The Variability of LateType Stars' Diameters Measured Using MidInfrared Interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    in temperature within the star are exaggerated in the visible and a non­uniform intensity distribution to the diameter of a main­sequence star like the sun. The sun is observed to be a bright circular disk with a well several hundred times that of the sun, with comparable masses in some cases. As a consequence

  8. Measuring the Solar Diameter with a Michelson Radio Interferometer 1. Scientific Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metchev, Stanimir

    3, M4, mirrors; a, 100-inch paraboloidal primary mirror; b convex secondary mirror; c, coud´e flatMeasuring the Solar Diameter with a Michelson Radio Interferometer 1. Scientific Background pick-off mirror; d, focus. Figures from Michelson & Pease (1921). A work-around the diffraction

  9. Anomalous diameter dependence of thermal transport in ultra-narrow Si nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karamitaheri, Hossein, E-mail: karami@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, 87317-51167 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Neophytou, Neophytos, E-mail: neophytou@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria); School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Kosina, Hans, E-mail: kosina@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present atomistic valence force field calculations of thermal transport in Si nanowires of diameters from 12?nm down to 1?nm. We show that as the diameter is reduced, the phonon density-of-states and transmission function acquire a finite value at low frequency, in contrast to approaching zero as in the bulk material. It turns out that this effect results in what Ziman described as the “problem of long longitudinal waves” [J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1962)], which states that the thermal conductivity of a material increases as its length is increased due to the vanishing scattering for long-wavelength phonons. We show that this thermal transport improvement also appears in nanowires as their diameter is decreased below D?=?5?nm (not only as the length increases), originating from the increase in the density of the long wavevector modes. The observation is present under ballistic transport conditions, and further enhanced with the introduction of phonon-phonon scattering. Because of this, in such ultra-narrow nanowires, as the diameter is reduced, phonon transport is dominated more and more by lower energy phonons with longer mean-free paths. We show that ?80% of the heat is carried by phonons with energies less than 5?meV, most with mean-free paths of several hundreds of nanometers.

  10. Reversible diameter modulation of single-walled carbon nanotubes by acetonitrile-containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Reversible diameter modulation of single-walled carbon nanotubes by acetonitrile)3 5800 6983 Abstract Changing the carbon feedstock from pure ethanol to a 5 vol.% mixture of acetonitrile for a feedstock containing 5 volume percent (5 vol.%) acetonitrile in ethanol.18­20 This change was observed

  11. Diameter controlled CVD growth of nitrogen-incorporated single-walled carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    acetonitrile (AcN)- mixed ethanol (EtOH) feedstock, the SWNT mean diameter was dramatically reduced as Ac was reversible upon the sequence of feedstock introduction. By using 15N isotope of acetonitrile, the catalytic decomposition of acetonitrile in the initial reaction step was studied [5]. The initial decomposition process

  12. Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using same, and methods for making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher (Lawrence, KS)

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

  13. Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge materials from uncertain experimental data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge: Genetic Fuzzy Systems Fuzzy rule-based classifiers Vague data Isotropic materials Ice-phobic materials Shear adhesion strength a b s t r a c t The published ice adhesion performance data of novel ``ice

  14. Naturally occurring, optically driven, cellular rotor J. A. Dharmadhikari, S. Roy, A. K. Dharmadhikari, S. Sharma, and D. Mathura)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shobhona

    Naturally occurring, optically driven, cellular rotor J. A. Dharmadhikari, S. Roy, A. K 005, India (Received 10 June 2004; accepted 20 October 2004) We report the conversion of optical energy into mechanical energy by naturally occurring red blood cells (RBCs) placed in an optical trap

  15. An "adiabatic-hindered-rotor" treatment allows para-H2 to be treated as if it were spherical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    An "adiabatic-hindered-rotor" treatment allows para-H2 to be treated as if it were spherical Hui Li­ molecule interactions, the common assumption that para-H2 may be treated as a spherical particle is often K , it is often considered a good approximation to treat para-H2 as a spherical particle.1

  16. The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS), and Absence of Voltage Gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junge, Wolfgang

    The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS), and Absence of Voltage Gating portion of F0F1-ATP synthase, F0, translocates protons by a rotary mechanism. Proton conduction by F0-induced voltage jump was monitored by electrochromic absorption transients to yield the unitary conductance of F0

  17. MasterProof The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

    MasterProof The Proton-Driven Rotor of ATP Synthase: Ohmic Conductance (10 fS), and Absence ABSTRACT The membrane portion of F0F1-ATP synthase, F0, translocates protons by a rotary mechanism. Proton conduction by F0 was studied in chromatophores of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus

  18. Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using the same, and methods for making the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

  19. Rotor Speed Dependent Yaw Control of Wind Turbines Based on Empirical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kragh, K. A.; Fleming, P. A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When extracting energy from the wind using horizontal-axis upwind wind turbines, a primary condition for maximum power yield is the ability to align the rotor axis with the dominating wind direction. Attempts have been made to improve yaw alignment by applying advanced measurement techniques such as LIDARs. This study is focused at assessing the current performance of an operating turbine and exploring how the yaw alignment can be improved using existing measurements. By analyzing available turbine and met mast data a correction scheme for the original yaw alignment system is synthesized. The correction scheme is applied and it is seen that with the correction scheme in place, the power yield below rated is raised 1-5 percent. Furthermore, results indicate that blade load variations are decreased when the correction scheme is applied. The results are associated with uncertainties due to the amount of available data and the wind site climate. Further work should be focused at gathering more experimental data.

  20. Quantum and Classical Superballistic Transport in a Relativistic Kicked-Rotor System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qifang Zhao; Cord A. Muller; Jiangbin Gong

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    As an unusual type of anomalous diffusion behavior, superballistic transport is not well known but has been experimentally simulated recently. Quantum superballistic transport models to date are mainly based on connected sublattices which are constructed to have different properties. In this work, we show that both quantum and classical superballistic transport in the momentum space can occur in a simple periodically driven Hamiltonian system, namely, a relativistic kicked-rotor system with a nonzero mass term. The nonzero mass term essentially realizes a junction-like scenario: regimes with low or high momentum values have different dispersion relations and hence different transport properties. It is further shown that the quantum and classical superballistic transport should occur under much different choices of the system parameters. The results are of interest to studies of anomalous transport, quantum and classical chaos, and the issue of quantum-classical correspondence.

  1. Effect of catalyst diameter on vapour-liquid-solid growth of GaAs nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Dowd, B. J., E-mail: odowdbj@tcd.ie; Shvets, I. V. [CRANN, School of Physics, Trinity College, the University of Dublin, Dublin D2 (Ireland); Wojtowicz, T.; Kolkovsky, V.; Wojciechowski, T.; Zgirski, M. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw 02-668 (Poland); Rouvimov, S. [Notre Dame Integrated Imaging Facility (NDIIF), University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Liu, X.; Pimpinella, R.; Dobrowolska, M.; Furdyna, J. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    GaAs nanowires were grown on (111)B GaAs substrates using the vapour-liquid-solid mechanism. The Au/Pt nanodots used to catalyse wire growth were defined lithographically and had varying diameter and separation. An in-depth statistical analysis of the resulting nanowires, which had a cone-like shape, was carried out. This revealed that there were two categories of nanowire present, with differing height and tapering angle. The bimodal nature of wire shape was found to depend critically on the diameter of the Au-Ga droplet atop the nanowire. Transmission electron microscopy analysis also revealed that the density of stacking faults in the wires varied considerably between the two categories of wire. It is believed that the cause of the distinction in terms of shape and crystal structure is related to the contact angle between the droplet and the solid-liquid interface. The dependency of droplet diameter on contact angle is likely related to line-tension, which is a correction to Young's equation for the contact angle of a droplet upon a surface. The fact that contact angle may influence resulting wire structure and shape has important implications for the planning of growth conditions and the preparation of wires for use in proposed devices.

  2. Characterization of winds through the rotor plane using a phased array SODAR and recommendations for future work.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deola, Regina Anne

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portable remote sensing devices are increasingly needed to cost effectively characterize the meteorology at a potential wind energy site as the size of modern wind turbines increase. A short term project co-locating a Sound Detection and Ranging System (SODAR) with a 200 meter instrumented meteorological tower at the Texas Tech Wind Technology Field Site was performed to collect and summarize wind information through an atmospheric layer typical of utility scale rotor plane depths. Data collected identified large speed shears and directional shears that may lead to unbalanced loads on the rotors. This report identifies suggestions for incorporation of additional data in wind resource assessments and a few thoughts on the potential for using a SODAR or SODAR data to quantify or investigate other parameters that may be significant to the wind industry.

  3. Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind tunnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind and Miller and Hadfield, 1989) and to trap it on passive collectors. This method is cheap and easy to set-up but the efficiency of the collectors has to be evaluated. The cylindrical collectors with a diameter of 2 mm

  4. A diameter distribution model for even-aged beech in Denmark Thomas Nord-Larsen a,*, Quang V. Cao b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Quang V.

    A diameter distribution model for even-aged beech in Denmark Thomas Nord-Larsen a,*, Quang V. Cao b 2006 Abstract We developed a diameter distribution model for even-aged stands of European beech in Denmark using the Weibull distribution. The model parameters were estimated using a large dataset from

  5. Machine imparting complex rotary motion for lapping a spherical inner diameter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carroll, T.A.; Yetter, H.H.

    1985-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for imparting complex rotary motion is used to lap an inner spherical diameter surface of a workpiece. A lapping tool consists of a dome and rod mounted along the dome's vertical axis. The workpiece containing the lapping tool is held in a gimbal which uses power derived from a secondary takeoff means to impart rotary motion about a horizontal axis. The gimbal is rotated about a vertical axis by a take means while mounted at a radially outward position on a rotating arm.

  6. Ultra-sensitive surface absorption spectroscopy using sub-wavelength diameter optical fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Warken; E. Vetsch; D. Meschede; M. Sokolowski; A. Rauschenbeutel

    2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The guided modes of sub-wavelength diameter air-clad optical fibers exhibit a pronounced evanescent field. The absorption of particles on the fiber surface is therefore readily detected via the fiber transmission. We show that the resulting absorption for a given surface coverage can be orders of magnitude higher than for conventional surface spectroscopy. As a demonstration, we present measurements on sub-monolayers of 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) molecules at ambient conditions, revealing the agglomeration dynamics on a second to minutes timescale.

  7. Prediction of stochastic blade loads for three-bladed, rigid-hub rotors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, A.D.; Weber, T.L.; Thresher, R.W.; Butterfield, C.P.

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurately predicting wind turbine blade loads and response is important for the design of future wind turbines. The need to include turbulent wind inputs in structural dynamics models is widely recognized. In this paper, the Force and Loads Analysis Program (FLAP) code will be used to predict turbulence-induced bending moments for the SERI Combined Experiment rotor blade and the Howden 330-kW blade. FLAP code predictions will be compared to the power spectra of measured blade-bending moments. Two methods will be used to generate turbulent wind inputs to FLAP: a theoretical simulation: the Pacific Northwest Laboratories (PNL) simulation theory; and measured wind-speed data taken from an array of anemometers upwind of the turbine. Turbulent wind-speed time series are input to FLAP for both methods outlined above. Power spectra of predicted flap-bending moments are compared to measured results for different wind conditions. Conclusions are also drawn as to the ability of the turbulence simulation models to provide accurate wind input to FLAP and to FLAP's ability to accurately simulate blade response to turbulence. Finally, suggestions are made as to needed improvements in the theoretical model. 11 refs., 8 figs.

  8. Characterizing the cracking behavior of hard alpha defects in rotor grade Ti-6-4 alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKeighan, P.C.; Perocchi, L.C.; Nicholls, A.E.; McClung, R.C.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A program sponsored by the FAA is currently underway to develop predictive tools utilizing state-of-the-art damage tolerance and probabilistic methodologies that can be used in the life management of high energy rotors. The program is focusing on fatigue crack nucleation and growth from anomalies in titanium alloys known as hard alpha, an inclusion-like feature that can occur during the melting process. In the work detailed in this paper, two sizes of synthetic hard alpha defects are created in Ti-6Al-4V and subjected to static and fatigue loading. In addition, two different geometry anomalies are considered: one intersecting the surface of the specimen and another embedded internally. A number of crack detection transducers are used and shown to compare well to results from visual inspections on the surface defect specimens. These surface specimens tend to exhibit defect cracking at relatively low stress levels, typically on the order of 5--10 ksi. Although it appeared from the crack detection transducer that little or no cracking occurred in the interior anomaly specimens given an applied static stress of 100 ksi, subsequent metallographic sectioning demonstrated more extensive cracking and damage. The observed cracking behavior indicates that the diffusion zone may play an important role in the structural integrity of the hard alpha anomalies.

  9. Evaluation of Manufacturability of Embedded Sensors and Controls with Canned Rotor Pump System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kisner, Roger A [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Holcomb, David Eugene [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL; Silva, Pamela C [ORNL; Cruz Molina, Carola [ORNL

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the current status of fabrication and assembly planning for the magnetic bearing, canned rotor pump being used as a demonstration platform for deeply integrating I&C into nuclear power plant components. The report identifies material choices and fabrication sequences for all of the required parts and the issues that need to be either resolved or accommodated during the manufacturing process. Down selection between material options has not yet been performed. Potential suppliers for all of the necessary materials have also been identified. The assembly evaluation begins by logically subdividing the pump into modules, which are themselves decomposed into individual parts. Potential materials and fabrication processes for each part in turn are then evaluated. The evaluation process includes assessment of the environmental compatibility requirements and the tolerances available for the selected fabrication processes. A description of the pump power/control electronics is also provided. The report also includes exploded views of the modules that show the integration of the various parts into modules that are then assembled to form the pump. Emphasis has been placed on thermal environment compatibility and the part dimensional changes during heat-up. No insurmountable fabrication or assembly challenges have been identified.

  10. Distributed Explosive-Driven Six-foot Diameter by Two-Hundred Foot Long Shock Tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VIGIL, MANUEL G.

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The blast parameters for the 6-foot diameter by 200-foot long, explosively driven shock tube are presented in this report. The purpose, main characteristics, and blast simulation capabilities of this PETN Primacord, explosively driven facility are included. Experimental data are presented for air and Sulfurhexaflouride (SF6) test gases with initial pressures between 0.5 to 12.1 psia (ambient). Experimental data are presented and include shock wave time of amval at various test stations, flow duration, static or side-on overpressure, and stagnation or head-on overpressure. The blast parameters calculated from the above measured parameters and presented in this report include shock wave velocity, shock strength, shock Mach number, flow Mach Number, reflected pressure, dynamic pressure, particle velocity, density, and temperature. Graphical data for the above parameters are included. Algorithms and least squares fit equations are also included.

  11. Demonstration of the BioBaler harvesting system for collection of small-diameter woody biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Caffrey, Kevin R [ORNL; Barnett, Elliott J [ORNL; Webb, Erin [ORNL; Brummette, Mark W [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a project to investigate sustainable forest management practices for producing wood chips on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for the ORNL steam plant, the BioBaler was tested in various Oak Ridge locations in August of 2011. The purpose of these tests and the subsequent economic analysis was to determine the potential of this novel woody biomass harvesting method for collection of small-diameter, low value woody biomass. Results suggest that opportunities may exist for economical harvest of low-value and liability or negative-cost biomass. (e.g., invasives). This could provide the ORR and area land managers with a tool to produce feedstock while improving forest health, controlling problem vegetation, and generating local employment.

  12. The Engineering Design of the 1.5 m Diameter Solenoid for the MICERFCC Modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, L.; Green, M.A.; Xu, F.Y.; Wu, H.; Li, L.K.; Gou, C.S.; Liu, C.S.; Han, G.; Jia, L.X.; Li, D.; Prestemon, S.O.; Virostek, S.P.

    2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The RF coupling coil (RFCC) module of MICE is where muonsthat have been cooled within the MICE absorber focus (AFC) modules arere-accelerated to their original longitudinal momentum. The RFCC moduleconsists of four 201.25 MHz RF cavities in a 1.4 meter diameter vacuumvessel. The muons are kept within the RF cavities by the magnetic fieldgenerated by a superconducting coupling solenoid that goes around the RFcavities. The coupling solenoid will be cooled using a pair of 4 K pulsetube cooler that will generate 1.5 W of cooling at 4.2 K. The magnet willbe powered using a 300 A two-quadrant power supply. This report describesthe ICST engineering design of the coupling solenoid forMICE.

  13. Effects of Carbon Nanotube Coating on Bubble Departure Diameter and Frequency in Pool Boiling on a Flat, Horizontal Heater 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn, Stephen T.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of a carbon nanotube (CNT) coating on bubble departure diameter and frequency in pool boiling experiments was investigated and compared to those on a bare silicon wafer. The pool boiling experiments were performed at liquid subcooling...

  14. Effects of Carbon Nanotube Coating on Bubble Departure Diameter and Frequency in Pool Boiling on a Flat, Horizontal Heater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn, Stephen T.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of a carbon nanotube (CNT) coating on bubble departure diameter and frequency in pool boiling experiments was investigated and compared to those on a bare silicon wafer. The pool boiling experiments were performed at liquid subcooling...

  15. Apparatus and methods for aligning holes through wheels and spacers and stacking the wheels and spacers to form a turbine rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berry, Robert Randolph (Greenville, SC); Palmer, Gene David (Clifton Park, NY); Wilson, Ian David (Clifton Park, NY)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas turbine rotor stacking fixture includes upstanding bolts for reception in aligned bolt holes in superposed aft disk, wheels and spacers and upstanding alignment rods received in openings of the disk, wheels and spacers during the rotor stacking assembly. The axially registering openings enable insertion of thin-walled tubes circumferentially about the rim of the rotor, with tight tolerances to the openings to provide supply and return steam for cooling buckets. The alignment rods have radial dimensions substantially less than their dimensions in a circumferential direction to allow for radial opening misalignment due to thermal expansion, tolerance stack-up and wheel-to-spacer mismatch due to rabbet mechanical growth. The circumferential dimension of the alignment rods affords tightly toleranced alignment of the openings through which the cooling tubes are installed.

  16. Versatile device for in-situ discharge cleaning and multiple coatings of long, small diameter tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hershcovitch, A.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Custer, A.; Erickson, M.; Liaw, C.J.; Fischer, Jamshidi, N.; W.; Meng, W.; Poole, H.J.; Sochugov, N.

    2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron clouds, which can limit machine performance, have been observed in many accelerators including RHIC at BNL. Additional concern for the RHIC machine, whose vacuum chamber is made from relatively high resistivity 316LN stainless steel, is high wall resistivity that can result in unacceptably high ohmic heating for superconducting magnets. The high resistivity can be addressed with a copper (Cu) coating; a reduction in the secondary electron yield can be achieved with a TiN or amorphous carbon (a-C) coating. Applying such coatings in an already constructed machine is rather challenging. We have been developing a robotic plasma deposition technique for in-situ coating of long, small diameter tubes. The technique entails fabricating a device comprising of staged magnetrons mounted on a mobile mole for deposition of about 5 ?m of Cu followed by about 0.1 ?m of a-C. As a first step, a 15-cm Cu cathode magnetron was designed, fabricated, and 30-cm long samples of the RHIC pipe have been coated with 2 ?m to 5.6 ?m of copper. Deposition rates of up to 92 A/sec with an average coating rate of 30 A/sec were measured. Effects on RF resistivity is also to be measured.

  17. Evidence of gating in hundred nanometer diameter pores: an experimental and theoretical study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Letant, S E; Schaldach, C M; Johnson, M R; Sawvel, A; Bourcier, W L; Wilson, W D

    2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the observation of an unexpected gating mechanism at the 100 nm scale on track-etched polycarbonate membranes. Transport measurements of methyl viologen performed by absorption spectroscopy under various pH conditions demonstrated that perfect gating was achieved for 100 nm diameter pores at pH 2, while the positively charged molecular ions moved through the membrane according to diffusion laws at pH 5. An oppositely charged molecular ion, naphthalene disulfonate, in the same membrane, showed the opposite trend: diffusion of the negative ion at pH 2 and perfect gating at pH 5. The influence of parameters such as ionic strength and membrane surface coating were also investigated. A theoretical study of the system shows that at this larger length scale the magnitude of the electric field in the vicinity of the pores is too small to account for the experimental observations, rather, it is the surface trapping of the mobile ion (Cl{sup -} or Na{sup +}) which gives rise to the gating phenomena. This surprising effect might have potential applications for high-throughput separation of large molecules and bio-organisms.

  18. Qualification of large diameter duplex stainless steel girth welds intended for low temperature service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prosser, K.; Robinson, A.G.; Rogers, P.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    British Gas recently had a requirement to fabricate some UNS31803 duplex stainless steel pipework for an offshore topsides process plant. The pipework had a maximum diameter of 600mm, with a corresponding wall thickness of 18mm, and it was designed to operate at a minimum temperature of {minus}40 C. There is a lack of published toughness data for girth welds in duplex stainless steel at this thickness and minimum design temperature. Additionally, toughness requirements for girth welds in current pipework and pressure vessel codes are based on experience with carbon steels. As a result, a program of work has been carried out to study the Charpy, CTOD and wide plate toughness of girth welds in 22%Cr duplex stainless steel pipework. The welds were produced using a typical gas tungsten arc/gas metal arc pipework fabrication procedure. In addition, non-destructive evaluation trials have been carried out on a deliberately defective weld using radiography and ultrasonics. It was demonstrated that double wall single image {gamma}-radiography, single wall single image and panoramic X-radiography, and conventional shear wave ultrasonics were all able to detect planar root defects varying from 3 to 7mm in depth. There was good agreement between the sizes recorded by ultrasonics and those measured from macrosections. Small scale mechanical tests demonstrated that welds with overmatching tensile properties, and low temperature toughness properties which were acceptable to specification, could be produced. Wide plate tests demonstrated that defect size calculations from BS PD7493 were conservative.

  19. Apparatus and Method for Increasing the Diameter of Metal Alloy Wires Within a Molten Metal Pool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hartman, Alan D.; Argetsinger, Edward R.; Hansen, Jeffrey S.; Paige, Jack I.; King, Paul E.; Turner, Paul C.

    2002-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In a dip forming process the core material to be coated is introduced directly into a source block of coating material eliminating the need for a bushing entrance component. The process containment vessel or crucible is heated so that only a portion of the coating material becomes molten, leaving a solid portion of material as the entrance port of, and seal around, the core material. The crucible can contain molten and solid metals and is especially useful when coating core material with reactive metals. The source block of coating material has been machined to include a close tolerance hole of a size and shape to closely fit the core material. The core material moves first through the solid portion of the source block of coating material where the close tolerance hole has been machined, then through a solid/molten interface, and finally through the molten phase where the diameter of the core material is increased. The crucible may or may not require water-cooling depending upon the type of material used in crucible construction. The system may operate under vacuum, partial vacuum, atmospheric pressure, or positive pressure depending upon the type of source material being used.

  20. Apparatus and method for increasing the diameter of metal alloy wires within a molten metal pool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hartman, Alan D. (Albany, OR); Argetsinger, Edward R. (Albany, OR); Hansen, Jeffrey S. (Corvallis, OR); Paige, Jack I. (Albany, OR); King, Paul E. (Corvallis, OR); Turner, Paul C. (Independence, OR)

    2002-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In a dip forming process the core material to be coated is introduced directly into a source block of coating material eliminating the need for a bushing entrance component. The process containment vessel or crucible is heated so that only a portion of the coating material becomes molten, leaving a solid portion of material as the entrance port of, and seal around, the core material. The crucible can contain molten and solid metals and is especially useful when coating core material with reactive metals. The source block of coating material has been machined to include a close tolerance hole of a size and shape to closely fit the core material. The core material moves first through the solid portion of the source block of coating material where the close tolerance hole has been machined, then through a solid/molten interface, and finally through the molten phase where the diameter of the core material is increased. The crucible may or may not require water-cooling depending upon the type of material used in crucible construction. The system may operate under vacuum, partial vacuum, atmospheric pressure, or positive pressure depending upon the type of source material being used.

  1. (Anti-)BRST and (Anti-)co-BRST Symmetries of a System of Rigid Rotor: Augmented Supervariable Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Bhanja; N. Srinivas; R. P. Malik

    2015-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the nilpotent (anti-)BRST and (anti-)co-BRST symmetry transformations for the system of a rigid rotor by exploiting the (anti-)BRST and (anti-)co-BRST restrictions on the (anti-)chiral supervariables that are defined on the appropriately chosen (1, 1)-dimensional super-submanifolds of the general (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold on which, our 1D system of a rigid rotor is considered within the framework of augmented supervariable approach. The general (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold is parameterized by the superspace coordinates (t, \\theta, \\bar\\theta) where t is the bosonic evolution parameter and (\\theta, \\bar\\theta) are the Grassmannian variables which obey the standard relationships: {\\theta}^2 = {\\bar\\theta}^2 = 0, {\\theta}\\,{\\bar\\theta} + {\\bar\\theta}\\,{\\theta} = 0. One of the key results of our present investigation is the observation that we do not require the theoretical strength of (dual-)horizontality conditions anywhere (while deriving the above symmetries). We also provide the geometrical interpretations for the symmetry invariance and nilpotency property. Furthermore, in our present endeavor, we concisely offer some relevant remarks on the property of absolute anticommutativity.

  2. Enclosure Requirements to Protect Personnel from Spinning Rotor Frailures at the Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKeever, John W [ORNL

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance evaluation of electric motors is a major function of the Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC). Normally these motors have a fixed wire-wound stator and a rotating rotor, which may have conductors embedded in a ferromagnetic core (induction motors), magnets mounted on the surface of the ferromagnetic core with a thin metal or composite cylinder or ring to hold them in place, or magnets embedded in the ferromagnetic core. Most of the work currently involves the last two permanent magnet (PM) configurations. Although the stator of a radial-gap motor can absorb energy from many of the fragments ejected from the rotor during operation, the stator of an axial-gap motor is not positioned to provide significant protection. The housing of each motor can also absorb some of the energy. The most conservative approach, however, is to assume that all fragments from the rotor must be contained by a protective enclosure. An ideal enclosure is transparent. Manufacturers of such plastics as Lexan, Tuffak, and Cyrolon sell different variations of transparent enclosure material. Lexan is a polycarbonate sheet. Lexgard{reg_sign} is a penetration resistant material made by layering polycarbonate material between pieces of ordinary glass. A fragment striking a sheet of enclosure material will pierce the surface layer, but the layered polycarbonate-glass material is able to absorb the fragment's energy before it completes penetration. Tuffak{reg_sign} is Lexan polycarbonate. Cyrolon{reg_sign} bullet resistant material is acrylic sheet. The ability of the enclosure to stop a fragment depends on its thickness as well as the penetration capability of the fragment; for example, a lead fragment has much less penetrating capability than a steel fragment. Enclosure thicknesses are commercially available to provide several levels of protection. These levels depend on the momentum of the fragments and have been evaluated for some common types of ammunition. This summary quantifies four typical worst-case fragments which have maximum translational kinetic energy when ejected from a rotating annulus. (1) The first fragment is released from a rotating annular titanium ring. (2) The second fragment is a magnet released from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) 30-kW axial-gap PM motor. Analysis of the second fragment which is like a segment of half-angle, {alpha}, from a thin annular ring is similar to that of the titanium ring segment except that the angle is 10{sup o} instead of 133{sup o}. (3) The third fragment is a magnet from the radial-gap 6-kW fractional-slot surface-mounted PM (SPM) motor with concentrated windings. Analysis of the third fragment is similar to the analysis of the second fragment. (4) The fourth fragment is a 133{sup o} segment of an entire rotor which assumes that the laminates and magnets in the rotor fail as a single fragment, truly a worst case assumption.

  3. Transits of Venus and Solar diameter measures from ground: method and results from Athens (2004) and Huairou (2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigismondi, Costantino; Wang, Xiaofan; Xie, Wenbin; Carinci, Massimo; Mimmo, Alessio

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The variation of the solar diameter in time and in position angle has implications in astrophysics and in general relativity, as the long series of studies attest. The Transits of Venus in 2004 and 2012 have been carefully studied because of the rarity of the phenomenon and its historical importance due the AU measure and to the discovery of Venus atmosphere. The characterization of Venus atmosphere and the measure of the solar diameter to the milliarcsecond level of precision have been studied also from satellite images. The results of the solar diameter measurements made with the observations in Athens (2004) and at the Huairou Solar Observing Station in China (2012) are presented. The topic of the oblateness of the Sun at sunset and its intrinsic value is drafted to introduce the general public to the relativistic relevance of measuring the solar figure, in the occasion of the International Year of Light 2015.

  4. STELLAR DIAMETERS AND TEMPERATURES. II. MAIN-SEQUENCE K- AND M-STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyajian, Tabetha S.; McAlister, Harold A.; Jones, Jeremy; White, Russel; Henry, Todd; Gies, Douglas; Jao, Wei-Chun; Parks, J. Robert [Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4106, Atlanta, GA 30302-4106 (United States); Von Braun, Kaspar; Kane, Stephen R.; Ciardi, David [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, California Institute of Technology, MC 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Van Belle, Gerard [Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Ten Brummelaar, Theo A.; Schaefer, Gail; Sturmann, Laszlo; Sturmann, Judit [The CHARA Array, Mount Wilson Observatory, Mount Wilson, CA 91023 (United States); Muirhead, Philip S. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Lopez-Morales, Mercedes [Institut de Ciencies de L'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Ridgway, Stephen [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 (United States); Rojas-Ayala, Barbara [Department of Astrophysics, Division of Physical Sciences, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); and others

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present interferometric angular diameter measurements of 21 low-mass, K- and M-dwarfs made with the CHARA Array. This sample is enhanced by adding a collection of radius measurements published in the literature to form a total data set of 33 K-M-dwarfs with diameters measured to better than 5%. We use these data in combination with the Hipparcos parallax and new measurements of the star's bolometric flux to compute absolute luminosities, linear radii, and effective temperatures for the stars. We develop empirical relations for {approx}K0 to M4 main-sequence stars that link the stellar temperature, radius, and luminosity to the observed (B - V), (V - R), (V - I), (V - J), (V - H), and (V - K) broadband color index and stellar metallicity [Fe/H]. These relations are valid for metallicities ranging from [Fe/H] = -0.5 to +0.1 dex and are accurate to {approx}2%, {approx}5%, and {approx}4% for temperature, radius, and luminosity, respectively. Our results show that it is necessary to use metallicity-dependent transformations in order to properly convert colors into stellar temperatures, radii, and luminosities. Alternatively, we find no sensitivity to metallicity on relations we construct to the global properties of a star omitting color information, e.g., temperature-radius and temperature-luminosity. Thus, we are able to empirically quantify to what order the star's observed color index is impacted by the stellar iron abundance. In addition to the empirical relations, we also provide a representative look-up table via stellar spectral classifications using this collection of data. Robust examinations of single star temperatures and radii compared to evolutionary model predictions on the luminosity-temperature and luminosity-radius planes reveal that models overestimate the temperatures of stars with surface temperatures <5000 K by {approx}3%, and underestimate the radii of stars with radii <0.7 R{sub Sun} by {approx}5%. These conclusions additionally suggest that the models over account for the effects that the stellar metallicity may have on the astrophysical properties of an object. By comparing the interferometrically measured radii for the single star population to those of eclipsing binaries, we find that for a given mass, single and binary star radii are indistinguishable. However, we also find that for a given radius, the literature temperatures for binary stars are systematically lower compared to our interferometrically derived temperatures of single stars by {approx}200 to 300 K. The nature of this offset is dependent on the validation of binary star temperatures, where bringing all measurements to a uniform and correctly calibrated temperature scale is needed to identify any influence stellar activity may have on the physical properties of a star. Lastly, we present an empirically determined H-R diagram using fundamental properties presented here in combination with those in Boyajian et al. for a total of 74 nearby, main-sequence, A- to M-type stars, and define regions of habitability for the potential existence of sub-stellar mass companions in each system.

  5. Turbine blade platform film cooling with simulated stator-rotor purge flow with varied seal width and upstream wake with vortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Sarah Anne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The turbine blade platform can be protected from hot mainstream gases by injecting cooler air through the gap between stator and rotor. The effectiveness of this film cooling method depends on the geometry of the slot, the quantity of injected air...

  6. Preliminary Structural Design Conceptualization for Composite Rotor for Verdant Power Water Current: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-296

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, S.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary thrust of the CRADA will be to develop a new rotor design that will allow higher current flows (>4m/s), greater swept area (6-11m), and in the process, will maximize performance and energy capture.

  7. 21`eme Congr`es Francais de Mecanique Bordeaux, 26 au 30 ao^ut 2013 Etude aerodynamique instationnaire d'un rotor eolien de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ´erodynamique instationnaire d'un rotor ´eolien de Savonius : mise en ´evidence de l'influence de la portance Pauline BUTAUDa'´eolienne Savonius, notamment en comparant les r´esultats statiques instationnaires (´eolienne immobile) et, l'´eolienne Savonius est couram- ment dite de train´ee car son couple serait maximal lorsque les

  8. Growth and properties of SiNCO nanocones and graphitic nanofibers synthesized using three-nanometer diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jie

    were minimized had the "stacked-cup" structure, and well-defined voids could be observed within aligned carbon nano- fibers (VACNFs) is interesting for fundamental under- standing of nanomaterial growth diameter of 3 (±1) nm. The nanocones were produced on laterally widely dispersed catalyst particles

  9. Measurements versus Predictions for a Hybrid (Hydrostatic plus Hydrodynamic Thrust Bearing for a Range of Orifice Diameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Paul R.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    bearings with three different orifice diameters (1.63, 1.80, and 1.93 mm) are tested for a range of supply pressures, fluid film thicknesses, and rotational speeds. The water-lubricated test bearings have eight pockets, with feed orifices located centrally...

  10. Effects of the hydraulic coupling between xylem and phloem on diurnal phloem diameter variationpce_2275 690..703

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, N. Michele

    Effects of the hydraulic coupling between xylem and phloem on diurnal phloem diameter variationpce in the radial flow rate of water between the xylem and the phloem. Reducing the hydraulic con- ductance between variations that cannot be explained by changes in the hydraulic conductance, could be related to changes

  11. The effects of 100 nm-diameter Au nanoparticles on dye-sensitized solar Changwoo Nahm,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    The effects of 100 nm-diameter Au nanoparticles on dye-sensitized solar cells Changwoo Nahm,1 nanoparticles for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). At the optimum Au/TiO2 mass ratio of 0.05, the power nanoparticles were also introduced to the electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), and the solar-cell

  12. Salt-Dependent DNA Superhelix Diameter Studied by Small Angle Neutron Scattering Measurements and Monte Carlo Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langowski, Jörg

    Salt-Dependent DNA Superhelix Diameter Studied by Small Angle Neutron Scattering Measurements-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France ABSTRACT Using small angle neutron scattering we have measured the static the same behavior between 10 and 100 mM salt concentration: An undulation in the scattering curve

  13. The application of the fusion method of thermit welding to small diameter tubing: An analysis of joint geometry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glynn, Thomas Michael

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Michael Glynn, B. S. , Texas ARM University Directed by: Dr. Clint A. Bertrand The intent of this study was an investigation of the possibility of adapting the fusion method of thermit welding to the joining of small diameter tubing. This research... was done in cooperation with Frank C. Eller (6), who investigated another basic aspect of this problem. The thermit welding process is one of the oldest methods of welding. It involves the use of an exo- thermic reaction between finely powdered iron...

  14. The application of the fusion method of thermit welding to small diameter tubing: An analysis of joint geometry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glynn, Thomas Michael

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Michael Glynn, B. S. , Texas ARM University Directed by: Dr. Clint A. Bertrand The intent of this study was an investigation of the possibility of adapting the fusion method of thermit welding to the joining of small diameter tubing. This research... was done in cooperation with Frank C. Eller (6), who investigated another basic aspect of this problem. The thermit welding process is one of the oldest methods of welding. It involves the use of an exo- thermic reaction between finely powdered iron...

  15. Anti-optimisation applied to the analysis of rotor/stator interaction Note: this article is part of the proceedings of the Turbo Expo 2013 conference (paper GT2013-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Anti-optimisation applied to the analysis of rotor/stator interaction Note: this article is part in the design process, so there is a need for efficient and practical computational models that can predict

  16. Synchronous motor with soft start element formed between the motor rotor and motor output shaft to successfully synchronize loads that have high inertia and/or high torque

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Umans, Stephen D; Nisley, Donald L; Melfi, Michael J

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A line-start synchronous motor has a housing, a rotor shaft, and an output shaft. A soft-start coupling portion is operatively coupled to the output shaft and the rotor shaft. The soft-start coupling portion is configurable to enable the synchronous motor to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling. The synchronous motor is sufficiently rated to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling.

  17. The effects of two different environments upon the density, diameter, and length of the hair of Brahman cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Armas, Hector

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to adverse climatic conditions is characterised by a series of responses which enable them to maintain a normal equilibrium of their physiological functionso One cf these responses is manifested by changes in hair coat characteristics, Very litt1e... information is available at present regarding the reaction of the hair coats oi' Bos taurus and Bos indicus to hot and cold climate", This study was conceived with the idea of observing the x'caution of den- sity, diameter, and length of hair coat of two...

  18. The effects of two different environments upon the density, diameter, and length of the hair of Brahman cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Armas, Hector

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to adverse climatic conditions is characterised by a series of responses which enable them to maintain a normal equilibrium of their physiological functionso One cf these responses is manifested by changes in hair coat characteristics, Very litt1e... information is available at present regarding the reaction of the hair coats oi' Bos taurus and Bos indicus to hot and cold climate", This study was conceived with the idea of observing the x'caution of den- sity, diameter, and length of hair coat of two...

  19. Sensitivity of transitions in internal rotor molecules to a possible variation of the proton-to-electron mass ratio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jansen, Paul; Ubachs, Wim; Bethlem, Hendrick L. [Institute for Lasers, Life and Biophotonics, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kleiner, Isabelle [Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systemes Atmospheriques (LISA), CNRS UMR 7583 et Universites Paris 7 et Paris Est, 61 avenue du General de Gaulle, FR-94010 Creteil Cedex (France); Xu, Li-Hong [Department of Physics and Centre for Laser, Atomic, and Molecular Sciences, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada E2L 4L5 (Canada)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, methanol was identified as a sensitive target system to probe variations of the proton-to-electron mass ratio {mu}[Jansen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 100801 (2011)]. The high sensitivity of methanol originates from the interplay between overall rotation and hindered internal rotation of the molecule; that is, transitions that convert internal rotation energy into overall rotation energy, or vice versa, have an enhanced sensitivity coefficient, K{sub {mu}}. As internal rotation is a common phenomenon in polyatomic molecules, it is likely that other molecules display similar or even larger effects. In this paper we generalize the concepts that form the foundation of the high sensitivity in methanol and use this to construct an approximate model which makes it possible to estimate the sensitivities of transitions in internal rotor molecules with C{sub 3v} symmetry, without performing a full calculation of energy levels. We find that a reliable estimate of transition sensitivities can be obtained from the three rotational constants (A, B, and C) and three torsional constants (F, V{sub 3}, and {rho}). This model is verified by comparing obtained sensitivities for methanol, acetaldehyde, acetamide, methyl formate, and acetic acid with a full analysis of the molecular Hamiltonian. Of the molecules considered, methanol is by far the most suitable candidate for laboratory and cosmological tests searching for a possible variation of {mu}.

  20. Modeling Creep-Fatigue-Environment Interactions in Steam Turbine Rotor Materials for Advanced Ultra-supercritical Coal Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Chen

    2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to model creep-fatigue-environment interactions in steam turbine rotor materials for advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) coal power Alloy 282 plants, to develop and demonstrate computational algorithms for alloy property predictions, and to determine and model key mechanisms that contribute to the damages caused by creep-fatigue-environment interactions. The nickel based Alloy 282 is selected for this project because it is one of the leading candidate materials for the high temperature/pressure section of an A-USC steam turbine. The methods developed in the project are expected to be applicable to other metal alloys in similar steam/oxidation environments. The major developments are: ? failure mechanism and microstructural characterization ? atomistic and first principles modeling of crack tip oxygen embrittlement ? modeling of gamma prime microstructures and mesoscale microstructure-defect interactions ? microstructure and damage-based creep prediction ? multi-scale crack growth modeling considering oxidation, viscoplasticity and fatigue The technology developed in this project is expected to enable more accurate prediction of long service life of advanced alloys for A-USC power plants, and provide faster and more effective materials design, development, and implementation than current state-of-the-art computational and experimental methods. This document is a final technical report for the project, covering efforts conducted from January 2011 to January 2014.

  1. Growth and stability of stress corrosion cracks in large-diameter BWR piping. Volume 2: appendixes. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, D A; Heald, J D; Horn, R M; Jewett, C W; Kass, J N; Mehta, H S; Ranganath, S; Sharma, S R

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a research program conducted to evaluate the behavior of hypothetical stress corrosion cracks in large diameter austenitic piping. The program included major tasks, a design margin assessment, an evaluation of crack growth and crack arrest, and development of a predictive model. As part of the margin assessment, the program developed diagrams which predicted net section collapse as a function of crack size. In addition, plasticity and dynamic load effects were also considered in evaluating collapse. Analytical methods for evaluating these effects were developed and were benchmarked by dynamic tests of 4-in.-diameter piping. The task of evaluating the growth behavior of stress corrosion cracks focused on developing constant load and cyclic growth rate data that could be used with the predictive model. Secondly, laboratory tests were performed to evaluate the conditions under which growing stress corrosion cracks would arrest when they intersected stress corrosion resistant weld metal. The third task successfully developed a model to predict the behavior of cracks in austenitic piping.

  2. Orbital inside diameter welder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Patterson, R.A.; Mitchell, J.O.

    1982-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure relates to welding apparatus and more particularly to apparatus for welding together two abutted cylinders from the inside of the joint.

  3. Test versus predictions for rotordynamic and leakage characteristics of a convergent-tapered, honeycomb-stator/smooth-rotor annular gas seal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Der Velde Alvarez, Daniel Eduardo

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the results for measured and predicted rotordynamic coefficients and leakage for a convergent-tapered honeycomb seal (CTHC). The test seals had a diameter of 114.968 mm (4.5263 in) at the entrance, and a diameter of 114.709 mm...

  4. Sizing DNA Using a Nanometer-Diameter Pore Jiunn B. Heng, Chuen Ho, Taekyung Kim, Rolf Timp, Aleksij Aksimentiev, Yelena V. Grinkova, Stephen Sligar,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croquette, Vincent

    Sizing DNA Using a Nanometer-Diameter Pore Jiunn B. Heng, Chuen Ho, Taekyung Kim, Rolf Timp et al., 1996; Akeson et al., 1999; Heng et al., 2003; Li et al., 2003; Mara et al., 2004

  5. Cold collisions of highly rotationally excited CO{sub 2} with He: The prospects for cold chemistry with super-rotors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Qady, W. H.; Forrey, R. C.; Yang, B. H.; Stancil, P. C.; Balakrishnan, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Center for Simulational Physics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States); Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University, Berks Campus, Reading, Pennsylvania 19610 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Center for Simulational Physics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada-Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154 (United States)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Building on recent advances in ultrafast lasers and methods to slow molecules, an experiment is proposed to produce translationally cold CO{sub 2} super-rotors (j{approx}200) by combining an optical centrifuge with helium-buffer-gas cooling. Quantum mechanical calculations of the complex scattering length for He-CO{sub 2} collisions demonstrate that the efficiency of rotational quenching decreases rapidly with increasing rotational excitation j in the ultracold regime. Extrapolating to helium cryogenic temperatures, rotational quenching is predicted to remain inefficient up to {approx}1 K, allowing for the possible creation of a beam of translationally cold, rotationally hot molecules.

  6. Operating characteristics of a 7. 6 mm (0. 30 inch) diameter two-stage light-gas gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susoeff, A R; Hawke, R S; Bowen, P R; Greenwood, D W; Marshall, F R

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a series of tests was conducted to determine the operating requirements needed to obtain maximum projectile velocity within the engineering design limits of a two-stage light-gas gun with a 7.6 mm (0.30 inch) diameter bore launch tube. The tests were conducted in a medium vacuum flight range. Previous experience with the gun was used to establish the minimum requirements for optimum efficiency. Two operating parameters, propellant load and drive gas pressure, were varied in order to find an initial optimum operating condition at a conservative propellant load. Propellant load and driver gas pressure were then incrementally increased. This procedure was methodically applied until significant mechanical deformation of a critical gun component took place. This report presents the results of these tests. Projectile velocity was measured to better than 3 percent accuracy using a magnetic induction technique. A 0.485 gram polycarbonate projectile was launched to a velocity of 7.77 km/s during the tests. 13 refs.

  7. Superconductor rotor cooling system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gamble, Bruce B.; Sidi-Yekhlef, Ahmed; Schwall, Robert E.; Driscoll, David I.; Shoykhet, Boris A.

    2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for cooling a superconductor device includes a cryocooler located in a stationary reference frame and a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with a rotating reference frame in which the superconductor device is located. A method of cooling a superconductor device includes locating a cryocooler in a stationary reference frame, and transferring heat from a superconductor device located in a rotating reference frame to the cryocooler through a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with the rotating reference frame.

  8. Superconductor rotor cooling system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gamble, Bruce B. (Wellesley, MA); Sidi-Yekhlef, Ahmed (Framingham, MA); Schwall, Robert E. (Northborough, MA); Driscoll, David I. (South Euclid, OH); Shoykhet, Boris A. (Beachwood, OH)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for cooling a superconductor device includes a cryocooler located in a stationary reference frame and a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with a rotating reference frame in which the superconductor device is located. A method of cooling a superconductor device includes locating a cryocooler in a stationary reference frame, and transferring heat from a superconductor device located in a rotating reference frame to the cryocooler through a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with the rotating reference frame.

  9. Single-domain magnetic pillar array of 35 nm diameter and 65 Gbits/ik2 density for ultrahigh density quantum magnetic storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    density quantum magnetic storage Stephen Y Chou, Mark S. Wei, Peter R. Krauss, and Paul 6. FischerSingle-domain magnetic pillar array of 35 nm diameter and 65 Gbits/ik2 density for ultrahigh is 65 Gbits/in.2-over two orders of magnitude greater than the state-of-the-art magnetic storage density

  10. Fluid Mechanics -1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Fluid Mechanics - 1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length (mounted in a bundle as indicated in the sketch). The oil is pumped). Assume the steady flow of the oil through each small tube is in the laminar regime. It is proposed

  11. Heat Transfer -2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Heat Transfer - 2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature T = 10o C. The heat transfer coefficient at the wire's surface h equation that includes all heat transfer mechanisms involved in this problem. Write this energy balance

  12. Quality inspection of small diameter polymeric medical tubing and attached wire stent using TAP-NDE and the Gabor Wavelet Transform 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kent David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-contact, laser-optic based technique referred to as the Thermo-Acousto-Photonic Nondestructive Evaluation (TAP-NDE) was utilized to investigate bond integrity and localized stiffening due to an attached wire stent on small diameter polymeric...

  13. Quality inspection of small diameter polymeric medical tubing and attached wire stent using TAP-NDE and the Gabor Wavelet Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kent David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oscilloscope Photo- / B; Conical FTI Detector Coupler Continuous He-Ne Laser Fiber Optic Coupler ?~- / / / / Tube Clamp Figure 4 Schematic of TAP-NDE and experimental setup for generating and detecting ultrasound. 27 Wave Detection...) Clamp relaxed tube, centering defect between clamp supports 90- mm apart; 2) Pre-stress tube by inserting a 12. 5-mm in diameter spacer, pushing out top clamp support; 3) Apply light coating of transducer couplant to laser generation site; 4) Enhance...

  14. Wind turbine/generator set and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  15. Wind turbine/generator set having a stator cooling system located between stator frame and active coils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  16. Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  17. The application of the fusion method of thermit welding to small diameter tubing: An analysis of mold design and powder quantity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eller, Frank Charles

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of thermit welding to the joining of small diameter steel tubing. This research was done in cooperation with Thomas M. Glynn (7), who investigated another basic aspect of this problem, Thermit welding is one of the oldest welding processes. It makes use... in the joining of ferrous metals of large cross sectional area, usually castings or f'orgings in the railroad and shipping industries. During this period, thermit welding was also applied to the joining of pipe by a process called the plastic method. This iv...

  18. A forgotten little chapter on isoperimetric inequalities: On the fraction of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose M. Pacheco

    2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.

  19. Structural health and prognostics management for offshore wind turbines : case studies of rotor fault and blade damage with initial O&M cost modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myrent, Noah J. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Kusnick, Joshua F. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Barrett, Natalie C. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Griffith, Daniel Todd

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operations and maintenance costs for offshore wind plants are significantly higher than the current costs for land-based (onshore) wind plants. One way to reduce these costs would be to implement a structural health and prognostic management (SHPM) system as part of a condition based maintenance paradigm with smart load management and utilize a state-based cost model to assess the economics associated with use of the SHPM system. To facilitate the development of such a system a multi-scale modeling approach developed in prior work is used to identify how the underlying physics of the system are affected by the presence of damage and faults, and how these changes manifest themselves in the operational response of a full turbine. This methodology was used to investigate two case studies: (1) the effects of rotor imbalance due to pitch error (aerodynamic imbalance) and mass imbalance and (2) disbond of the shear web; both on a 5-MW offshore wind turbine in the present report. Based on simulations of damage in the turbine model, the operational measurements that demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the damage/faults were the blade tip accelerations and local pitching moments for both imbalance and shear web disbond. The initial cost model provided a great deal of insight into the estimated savings in operations and maintenance costs due to the implementation of an effective SHPM system. The integration of the health monitoring information and O&M cost versus damage/fault severity information provides the initial steps to identify processes to reduce operations and maintenance costs for an offshore wind farm while increasing turbine availability, revenue, and overall profit.

  20. Criticality Safety Study of UF6and UO2F2in 8-in. Inner Diameter Piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elam, K.R.

    2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide an evaluation of the criticality safety aspects of using up to 8-in.-inner-diameter (ID) piping as part of a system to monitor the {sup 235}U enrichment in uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) gas both before and after an enrichment down-blending operation. The evaluated operation does not include the blending stage but includes only the monitors and the piping directly associated with the monitors, which are in a separate room from the blending operation. There are active controls in place to limit the enrichment of the blended UF{sub 6} to a maximum of 5 weight percent (wt%) {sup 235}U. Under normal operating conditions of temperature and pressure, the UF{sub 6} will stay in the gas phase and criticality will not be credible. The two accidents of concern are solidification of the UF{sub 6} along with some hydrofluoric acid (HF) and water or moisture ingress, which would cause the UF{sub 6} gas to react and form a hydrated uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) solid or solution. Of these two types of accidents, the addition of water and formation of UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} is the most reactive scenario and thus limits related to UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} will bound the limits related to UF{sub 6}. Two types of systems are included in the monitoring process. The first measures the enrichment of the approximately 90 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} before it is blended. This system uses a maximum 4-in.-(10.16-cm-) ID pipe, which is smaller than the 13.7-cm-cylinder-diameter subcritical limit for UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solution of any enrichment as given in Table 1 of American National Standard ANSI/ANS-8.1.1 Therefore, this system poses no criticality concerns for either accident scenario. The second type of system includes two enrichment monitors for lower-enriched UF{sub 6}. One monitors the approximately 1.5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} entering the blending process, and the second monitors the approximately 5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} coming out of the blending process. Both use a maximum 8-in.-(20.32-cm-) ID piping, where the length of the larger ID piping is approximately 9.5 m. This diameter of piping is below the 26.6-cm-cylinder-diameter subcritical limit for 5 wt% enriched UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solutions as given in Table 6 of ANSI/ANS-8.1. Therefore, for up to 5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6}, this piping does not present a criticality concern for either accident scenario. Calculations were performed to determine the enrichment level at which criticality could become a concern in these 8-in.-ID piping sections. Both unreflected and fully water-reflected conditions were considered.

  1. Friction Factor Measurement, Analysis, and Modeling for Flat-Plates with 12.15 mm Diameter Hole-Pattern, Tested with Air at Different Clearances, Inlet Pressures, and Pressure Ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deva Asirvatham, Thanesh

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of 800, 1000, and 1200 psi respectively). These nine combinations of clearance and inlet pressure will give a range of friction factor. The following objectives are considered. 17 Figure 10. Detailed view of a 3.175 mm diameter hole...

  2. Renal Artery Embolization Combined With Radiofrequency Ablation in a Porcine Kidney Model: Effect of Small and Narrowly Calibrated Microparticles as Embolization Material on Coagulation Diameter, Volume, and Shape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sommer, C. M., E-mail: christof.sommer@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Kortes, N. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Zelzer, S. [German Cancer Research Center, Division of Medical and Biological Informatics (Germany); Arnegger, F. U. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of General, Abdominal and Transplantation Surgery (Germany); Stampfl, U.; Bellemann, N. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Gehrig, T.; Nickel, F.; Kenngott, H. G. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of General, Abdominal and Transplantation Surgery (Germany); Mogler, C.; Longerich, T. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of General Pathology (Germany); Meinzer, H. P. [German Cancer Research Center, Division of Medical and Biological Informatics (Germany); Richter, G. M. [Klinikum Stuttgart, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Kauczor, H. U.; Radeleff, B. A. [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of renal artery embolization with small and narrowly calibrated microparticles on the coagulation diameter, volume, and shape of radiofrequency ablations (RFAs) in porcine kidneys. Forty-eight RFAs were performed in 24 kidneys of 12 pigs. In 6 animals, bilateral renal artery embolization was performed with small and narrowly calibrated microparticles. Upper and lower kidney poles were ablated with identical system parameters. Applying three-dimensional segmentation software, RFAs were segmented on registered 2 mm-thin macroscopic slices. Length, depth, width, volume{sub s}egmented, and volume{sub c}alculated were determined to describe the size of the RFAs. To evaluate the shape of the RFAs, depth-to-width ratio (perfect symmetry-to-lesion length was indicated by a ratio of 1), sphericity ratio (perfect sphere was indicated by a sphericity ratio of 1), eccentricity (perfect sphere was indicated by an eccentricity of 0), and circularity (perfect circle was indicated by a circularity of 1) were determined. Embolized compared with nonembolized RFAs showed significantly greater depth (23.4 {+-} 3.6 vs. 17.2 {+-} 1.8 mm; p < 0.001) and width (20.1 {+-} 2.9 vs. 12.6 {+-} 3.7 mm; p < 0.001); significantly larger volume{sub s}egmented (8.6 {+-} 3.2 vs. 3.0 {+-} 0.7 ml; p < 0.001) and volume{sub c}alculated (8.4 {+-} 3.0 ml vs. 3.3 {+-} 1.1 ml; p < 0.001); significantly lower depth-to-width (1.17 {+-} 0.10 vs. 1.48 {+-} 0.44; p < 0.05), sphericity (1.55 {+-} 0.44 vs. 1.96 {+-} 0.43; p < 0.01), and eccentricity (0.84 {+-} 0.61 vs. 1.73 {+-} 0.91; p < 0.01) ratios; and significantly greater circularity (0.62 {+-} 0.14 vs. 0.45 {+-} 0.16; p < 0.01). Renal artery embolization with small and narrowly calibrated microparticles affected the coagulation diameter, volume, and shape of RFAs in porcine kidneys. Embolized RFAs were significantly larger and more spherical compared with nonembolized RFAs.

  3. Larger Maximum Tumor Diameter at Radical Prostatectomy Is Associated With Increased Biochemical Failure, Metastasis, and Death From Prostate Cancer After Salvage Radiation for Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Skyler B.; Hamstra, Daniel A.; Jackson, William C.; Zhou, Jessica; Foster, Benjamin; Foster, Corey; Song, Yeohan; Li, Darren [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Palapattu, Ganesh S. [Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Kunju, Lakshmi; Mehra, Rohit [Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sandler, Howard [Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States); Feng, Felix Y., E-mail: ffeng@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the maximum tumor diameter (MTD) of the dominant prostate cancer nodule in the radical prostatectomy specimen as a prognostic factor for outcome in patients treated with salvage external beam radiation therapy (SRT) for a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value after radical prostatectomy. Methods and Materials: From an institutional cohort of 575 patients treated with SRT, data on MTD were retrospectively collected. The impact of MTD on biochemical failure (BF), metastasis, and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) was assessed on univariate and multivariate analysis using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models. Results: In the 173 patients with MTD data available, median follow-up was 77 months (interquartile range, 47-104 months) after SRT, and median MTD was 18 mm (interquartile range, 13-22 mm). Increasing MTD correlated with increasing pT stage, Gleason score, presence of seminal vesicle invasion, and lymph node invasion. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified MTD of >14 mm to be the optimal cut-point. On univariate analysis, MTD >14 mm was associated with an increased risk of BF (P=.02, hazard ratio [HR] 1.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-2.8), metastasis (P=.002, HR 4.0, 95% CI 2.1-7.5), and PCSM (P=.02, HR 8.0, 95% CI 2.9-21.8). On multivariate analysis MTD >14 mm remained associated with increased BF (P=.02, HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.2), metastasis (P=.02, HR 3.4, 95% CI 1.2-9.2), and PCSM (P=.05, HR 9.7, 95% CI 1.0-92.4), independent of extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, positive surgical margins, pre-RT PSA value, Gleason score, and pre-RT PSA doubling time. Conclusions: For patients treated with SRT for a rising PSA value after prostatectomy, MTD at time of radical prostatectomy is independently associated with BF, metastasis, and PCSM. Maximum tumor diameter should be incorporated into clinical decision making and future clinical risk assessment tools for those patients receiving SRT.

  4. Condensation heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture in 5 mm and 4 mm outside diameter horizontal microfin tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xiangchao; Ding, Guoliang; Hu, Haitao; Zhu, Yu. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Gao, Yifeng [International Copper Association Shanghai Office, Shanghai 200020 (China); Deng, Bin [Institute of Heat Transfer Technology, Golden Dragon Precise Copper Tube Group Inc., Shanghai 200135 (China)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Condensation heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture in 5 mm and 4 mm outside diameter horizontal microfin tubes were investigated experimentally. The experimental condensing temperature is 40 C, and nominal oil concentration range is from 0% to 5%. The test results indicate that the presence of oil deteriorates the heat transfer. The deterioration effect is negligible at nominal oil concentration of 1%, and becomes obvious with the increase of nominal oil concentration. At 5% nominal oil concentration, the heat transfer coefficient of R410A-oil mixture is found to have a maximum reduction of 25.1% and 23.8% for 5 mm and 4 mm tubes, respectively. The predictabilities of the existing condensation heat transfer correlations were verified with the experimental data, and Yu and Koyama correlation shows the best predictability. By replacing the pure refrigerant properties with the mixture's properties, Yu and Koyama correlation has a deviation of -15% to + 20% in predicting the local condensation heat transfer coefficient of R410A-oil mixture. (author)

  5. Sandia Energy - National Rotor Testbed Rotor Design Integrated Airfoil

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementing Nonlinear757Kelley Ruehl HomeCommissioning HomeMore EnergyEarth

  6. Sandia Energy - Rotor Aerodynamic Design

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution GridDocuments Home Stationary PowerResearchRisk and

  7. Sandia Energy - Rotor Design Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution GridDocuments Home Stationary PowerResearchRisk

  8. Sandia Energy - SMART Rotor Video

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution GridDocuments Home StationaryFAQs HomeProgramSCADASMART

  9. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: increasing average wind-turbine...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wind-turbine rotor diameter Latest Version of the Composite Materials Database Available for Download On December 3, 2014, in Energy, Materials Science, News, News & Events,...

  11. SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    wind farms vs. ~7 rotor diameters for offshore wind farms in the prevailing wind direction), especially to turbines in onshore wind farms due to the smaller turbine spacing (i.e., ~3 rotor diameters for onshore. To achieve the goal of 20% of electricity generation from wind energy by 2030, while more and more wind farms

  12. Mixed quantum/classical theory for inelastic scattering of asymmetric-top-rotor + atom in the body-fixed reference frame and application to the H{sub 2}O + He system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Semenov, Alexander [Chemistry Department, Wehr Chemistry Building, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-1881 (United States); PSL Research University, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, ENS, UCP, CNRS, UMR8112, LERMA, 5 Place Janssen, 92195 Meudon (France); Dubernet, Marie-Lise [PSL Research University, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, ENS, UCP, CNRS, UMR8112, LERMA, 5 Place Janssen, 92195 Meudon (France); Babikov, Dmitri, E-mail: dmitri.babikov@mu.edu [Chemistry Department, Wehr Chemistry Building, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-1881 (United States)

    2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The mixed quantum/classical theory (MQCT) for inelastic molecule-atom scattering developed recently [A. Semenov and D. Babikov, J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174108 (2013)] is extended to treat a general case of an asymmetric-top-rotor molecule in the body-fixed reference frame. This complements a similar theory formulated in the space-fixed reference-frame [M. Ivanov, M.-L. Dubernet, and D. Babikov, J. Chem. Phys. 140, 134301 (2014)]. Here, the goal was to develop an approximate computationally affordable treatment of the rotationally inelastic scattering and apply it to H{sub 2}O + He. We found that MQCT is somewhat less accurate at lower scattering energies. For example, below E = 1000 cm{sup ?1} the typical errors in the values of inelastic scattering cross sections are on the order of 10%. However, at higher scattering energies MQCT method appears to be rather accurate. Thus, at scattering energies above 2000 cm{sup ?1} the errors are consistently in the range of 1%–2%, which is basically our convergence criterion with respect to the number of trajectories. At these conditions our MQCT method remains computationally affordable. We found that computational cost of the fully-coupled MQCT calculations scales as n{sup 2}, where n is the number of channels. This is more favorable than the full-quantum inelastic scattering calculations that scale as n{sup 3}. Our conclusion is that for complex systems (heavy collision partners with many internal states) and at higher scattering energies MQCT may offer significant computational advantages.

  13. The diameter of the world wide web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reka Albert; Hawoong Jeong; Albert-Laszlo Barabasi

    1999-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite its increasing role in communication, the world wide web remains the least controlled medium: any individual or institution can create websites with unrestricted number of documents and links. While great efforts are made to map and characterize the Internet's infrastructure, little is known about the topology of the web. Here we take a first step to fill this gap: we use local connectivity measurements to construct a topological model of the world wide web, allowing us to explore and characterize its large scale properties.

  14. Large Diameter Lasing Tube Cooling Arrangement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, Jerome P.; Alger, Terry W.; Anderson, Andrew T.; Arnold, Philip A.

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17,31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17,31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).

  15. Large diameter lasing tube cooling arrangement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, Jerome P. (Livermore, CA); Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA); Anderson, Andrew T. (Livermore, CA); Arnold, Phillip A. (Livermore, CA)

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17, 31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17, 31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).

  16. Tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abraham, Ryan Charles

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Column Base Moment. 43 25 Pole Base Moment vs. Weld Tensile Stress. . . . . . 44 26 Stresses Induced from Pole Base Moment When Snug Tight. . . . . 45 27 Stresses Induced from Pole Base Moment When 30 Degrees Past Snug Tight. . 45 28 Stresses.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 36 Crack and Repair Locations on Pole to Base Plate Weld. . . . 64 37 Ultrasonic Inspection for Fatigue Cracks. . . . . . LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Stresses Induced From Snug Tight, 4 I/2 UNC Threads. . . . . 25 Stresses Induced From 30...

  17. Tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abraham, Ryan Charles

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Static Test Results. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 2. 1 Selection of Test Load. 3. 2. 2 Pole to Baseplate Welds. 3. 2. 3 Effect of Preload on Bolt... Stresses Induced by Column Base Moment. . Fatigue Test Results. . 3. 3. 1 4 I/2 UNC Threaded Bolts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 3. 2 8 UN Threaded Bolts. . 3. 3. 3 Fatigue of Pole to Baseplate Weld...

  18. Wind turbine having a direct-drive drivetrain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A wind turbine (100) comprising an electrical generator (108) that includes a rotor assembly (112). A wind rotor (104) that includes a wind rotor hub (124) is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle (160) via a bearing assembly (180). The wind rotor hub includes an opening (244) having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity (380) inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret (140) supported by a tower (136). Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity (172, 176, 368) that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system (276) for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  19. Cell diameter measurements obtained with a handheld cell counter could be used as a surrogate marker of G2/M arrest and apoptosis in colon cancer cell lines exposed to SN-38

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahara, Makiko [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan) [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan); Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi (Japan); Inoue, Takeshi [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan)] [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan); Miyakura, Yasuyuki; Horie, Hisanaga; Yasuda, Yoshikazu [Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi (Japan)] [Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi (Japan); Fujii, Hirofumi [Division of Clinical Oncology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi (Japan)] [Division of Clinical Oncology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi (Japan); Kotake, Kenjiro [Department of Surgery, Tochigi Cancer Center, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Tochigi Cancer Center, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan); Sugano, Kokichi, E-mail: ksugano@tcc.pref.tochigi.lg.jp [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan)] [Oncogene Research Unit/Cancer Prevention Unit, Tochigi Cancer Center Research Institute, Utsunomiya, Tochigi (Japan)

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •Chemo-sensitivity to SN-38 was assayed by the automated cell counter. •Colon cancer cell line, HCT116 cells were more sensitive to SN-38 than HT29 cells. •Increase of cell size reflects G2/M arrest. •Appearance of small particles indicates cell apoptosis. -- Abstract: In vitro assessment of chemosensitivity are important for experiments evaluating cancer therapies. The Scepter 2.0 cell counter, an automated handheld device based on the Coulter principle of impedance-based particle detection, enables the accurate discrimination of cell populations according to cell size and volume. In this study, the effects of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan, on the colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and HT29 were evaluated using this device. The cell count data obtained with the Scepter counter were compared with those obtained with the {sup 3}H-thymidine uptake assay, which has been used to measure cell proliferation in many previous studies. In addition, we examined whether the changes in the size distributions of these cells reflected alterations in the frequency of cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis induced by SN-38 treatment. In our experiments using the Scepter 2.0 cell counter, the cell counts were demonstrated to be accurate and reproducible measure and alterations of cell diameter reflected G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Our data show that easy-to-use cell counting tools can be utilized to evaluate the cell-killing effects of novel treatments on cancer cells in vitro.

  20. Probing channel temperature profiles in Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N/GaN high electron mobility transistors on 200?mm diameter Si(111) by optical spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kyaw, L. M., E-mail: a0048661@nus.edu.sg [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology, and Research), Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Bera, L. K.; Dolmanan, S. B.; Tan, H. R.; Bhat, T. N.; Tripathy, S., E-mail: tripathy-sudhiranjan@imre.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology, and Research), Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Liu, Y.; Bera, M. K.; Singh, S. P.; Chor, E. F. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Using micro-Raman and photoluminescence (PL) techniques, the channel temperature profile is probed in Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) fabricated on a 200?mm diameter Si(111) substrate. In particular, RuO{sub x}-based gate is used due to the semitransparent nature to the optical excitation wavelengths, thus allowing much accurate thermal investigations underneath the gate. To determine the channel temperature profile in devices subjected to different electrical bias voltages, the GaN band-edge PL peak shift calibration with respect to temperature is used. PL analyses show a maximum channel temperature up to 435?K underneath the gate edge between gate and drain, where the estimated thermal resistance in such a HEMT structure is about 13.7 KmmW{sup ?1} at a power dissipation of ?10?W/mm. The temperature profiles from micro-Raman measurements are also addressed from the E{sub 2}-high optical phonon peak shift of GaN, and this method also probes the temperature-induced peak shifts of optical phonon from Si thus showing the nature of thermal characteristics at the AlN/Si substrate interface.

  1. aortic valve sclerosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 319 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  2. asymptomatic aortic valve: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 220 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  3. aortic valve prosthesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 245 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  4. aortic valve thickening: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 290 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  5. aortic valve leaflet: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 245 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  6. aortic stenotic valves: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 208 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  7. aortic valve tissue: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 222 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  8. aortic valve mesenchymal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 286 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  9. aortic valve leaflets: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 245 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  10. aortic valve substitution: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 304 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  11. aortic valve stenotic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 208 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  12. aortic heart valve: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 297 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  13. aortic valve endocarditis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 210 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  14. aortic valve implantation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 280 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  15. aortic valve prostheses: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 225 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  16. aortic valve stenosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 233 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  17. aortic valve calcification: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 255 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  18. aortic valve morphology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 244 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  19. aortic valve: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 207 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  20. aortic valve bioprosthesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 210 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  1. aortic valve insufficiency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 232 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  2. aortic valve area: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 211 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  3. aortic valve calcium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diastolic diameter. The PDC Papaharilaou, Yannis 323 IMECE2007-42559 HIGH SPEED ROTARY PULSE WIDTH MODULATED ONOFF VALVE ? CiteSeer Summary: A key enabling technology to...

  4. Aeroelastic analysis of a helicopter rotor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuien, Larry Jay

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . , "L'Azione Aerodinamica sul Profilo Oscillante in un Fluido Compressibile a Velocita I posonora, " L'Aerotecnica, t. XVIII, fasc. 4, April 1938. (Also available as British Ministry of Aircraft Production R. T. P. Translation 987. } 9 Rao, B. N...

  5. Methods of making wind turbine rotor blades

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Livingston, Jamie T. (Pensacola, FL); Burke, Arthur H. E. (Gulf Breeze, FL); Bakhuis, Jan Willem (Nijverdal, NL); Van Breugel, Sjef (Enschede, NL); Billen, Andrew (Daarlerveen, NL)

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of manufacturing a root portion of a wind turbine blade includes, in an exemplary embodiment, providing an outer layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, providing an inner layer of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers, and positioning at least two bands of reinforcing fibers between the inner and outer layers, with each band of reinforcing fibers including at least two woven mats of reinforcing fibers. The method further includes positioning a mat of randomly arranged reinforcing fibers between each pair of adjacent bands of reinforcing fibers, introducing a polymeric resin into the root potion of the wind turbine blade, infusing the resin through the outer layer, the inner layer, each band of reinforcing fibers, and each mat of random reinforcing fibers, and curing the resin to form the root portion of the wind turbine blade.

  6. Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Aerodynamic Design

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Generator Modeling Radar Friendly Blades Special Programs Techno-Economic Modeling, Analysis, and Support Analysis, Modeling, Cost of Energy, and Policy Impact: Wind Vision 2014...

  7. Rotor assembly including superconducting magnetic coil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Snitchler, Gregory L. (Shrewsbury, MA); Gamble, Bruce B. (Wellesley, MA); Voccio, John P. (Somerville, MA)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconducting coils and methods of manufacture include a superconductor tape wound concentrically about and disposed along an axis of the coil to define an opening having a dimension which gradually decreases, in the direction along the axis, from a first end to a second end of the coil. Each turn of the superconductor tape has a broad surface maintained substantially parallel to the axis of the coil.

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: SMART Rotor Video

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Personnel Water Power in the News Geothermal Advanced Bit Development Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Materials & Components...

  9. Ener G Rotors | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJump to:Emminol Jump to: navigation,Enable IPCGreenEneltecEner G

  10. Sandia Energy - Rotor Blade Sensors and Instrumentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution GridDocuments Home Stationary PowerResearchRisk andBlade

  11. Energy deposition in the body from external sources to chemically trigger cellular responses in desired localized regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibsen, Stuart Duncan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    blast region was not centered at the smaller microbubble because only the effectthe blast region measures at 49 µm in diameter. The effectblast region and measures at 12 µm in diameter. Discussion The effect

  12. NECEC 2008, ST. JOHN'S NEWFOUNDLAND, THURSDAY NOV 6, 2008 1 Abstract--Micro wind turbines are being used with some

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Steve

    . The specific unit tested, SouthWest Windpower's Whisper 100 (900 Watts, 2.1m diameter), matches the brand of the nacelle due to the position of the internal casting/rubber brake pad relative to the furl pivot and rotor rotor and the furl pivot so that impact and quasi-steady loads on the nacelle body are exacerbated

  13. Ris-R-1415(EN) Wake Effects on Middelgrund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    caused by the interaction between the turbines and the flow. Finally the turbines are spaced by 2.6 rotor than 5 rotor diameters. Taking all this assumptions and model constraints into account the Park model-550-3227-3 ISBN 87-550-3228-1 (Internet) ISSN 0106-2840 Print: Pitney Bowes Management Services, Denmark A/S, 2003

  14. Measurements of leakage, power loss and rotordynamic force coefficients in a hybrid brush seal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Jose Enrique

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in diameter and integrates 20-arcuate pads connected with thin EDM-webs to the seal casing. The measured drag power at low rotor speeds (< 11 m/s at 1,300 rpm) decreases as the pressure differential across the seal increases. At a fixed rotor speed, a...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: Montana State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    materials used in the construction of wind-turbine blades. In 1989, the average wind turbine had a power rating of 0.225 MW and a rotor diameter of 27 m. By the end of 2013,...

  16. Renewable Energy Powers Renewable Energy Lab, Employees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity from wind-powered turbines near the Wyoming border. "We believe that wind power is a highly viable kilowatt Westinghouse turbine with a 142-foot rotor diameter. It is comparable in size to the turbines

  17. axial-flow gas turbine-propeller: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a blade to it's back is 1 1316 inches. The blade diameter is 6 inches and the bucket height is 1 inch. 'Ihe rotor is press-fit onto a shaft and a balancing top is added......

  18. Gas Seal Leakage at High Temperature: A Labyrinth Seal and an All-Metal Complaint Seal of Similar Clearance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Alain

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ] D Rotor diameter [m] F Axial load [N] HID Housing inner diameter [m] i Current [A] kV? V/ ?. Motor constant [V/(rad/s)] l Seal axial length [m] ? Mass flow rate [kg/s] ? iV. Motor electrical power [W] Pa Air absolute ambient pressure [Pa... function [(J/(kg-K))0.5] ? ? . Density [kg/m 3] ? Rotor angular speed [rad/s] vi TABLE OF CONTENTS...

  19. Halbach array generator/motor having an automatically regulated output voltage and mechanical power output

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F.

    2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A motor/generator having its stationary portion, i.e., the stator, positioned concentrically within its rotatable element, i.e., the rotor, along its axis of rotation. The rotor includes a Halbach array. The stator windings are switched or commutated to provide a DC motor/generator much the same as in a conventional DC motor/generator. The voltage and power are automatically regulated by using centrifugal force to change the diameter of the rotor, and thereby vary the radial gap in between the stator and the rotating Halbach array, as a function of the angular velocity of the rotor.

  20. Determination of torsional fatigue life of large turbine generator shafts. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placek, R.J.; Williams, R.A.; Adams, S.L.; Klufas, O.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a study to develop a methodology for predicting torsional fatigue damage to a turbine generator rotor subjected to transient electrical disturbances. This methodology used torsional properties obtained from constant amplitude tests on one-inch diameter specimens. The predictions were verified with constant amplitude and variable amplitude tests of specimens up to six inches in diameter.

  1. Thrust Area 2 Chemofluidic Vane Motor/ActuatorDr. Michael Goldfarb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Eric J.

    from a monopropellant or bipropellant inert gas charge reaction as the working fluid. · Stator geometry. Once the trailing vane moves past the injection port, injection process ends and expansion process Five Proposed Work Schedule Outer stator diameter of 6.25 cm (2.5 in) Rotor diameter of 3.75 cm (1

  2. austenitic small diameter: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    trees of mixed softwood species. These forests have a potential for large-scale insect infestations Abubakr, Said 17 First-principles Study of Physisorption of...

  3. Approximating the Diameter of Planar Graphs in Near Linear Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuster, Raphael

    common starting vertex. Let Gin (resp. Gout) be the subgraph of G induced by C and all interior (resp. exterior) vertices to C. Let d(Gin, Gout, G) denote the largest distance in the graph G between a marked vertex in V (Gin) and a marked vertex in V (Gout). In the beginning, all vertices of G are marked and we

  4. Method of making tapered capillary tips with constant inner diameters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kelly, Ryan T. (West Richland, WA); Page, Jason S. (Kennewick, WA); Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

    2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of forming electrospray ionization emitter tips are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, an end portion of a capillary tube can be immersed into an etchant, wherein the etchant forms a concave meniscus on the outer surface of the capillary. Variable etching rates in the meniscus can cause an external taper to form. While etching the outer surface of the capillary wall, a fluid can be flowed through the interior of the capillary tube. Etching continues until the immersed portion of the capillary tube is completely etched away.

  5. Direct Probes of 4 nm Diameter Gold Nanoparticles Interacting...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the experiments. SHG charge screening experiments are consistent with an apparent zero net charge density associated with the positively charged gold nanoparticles when...

  6. angular diameter stars: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    R Dor is shown to be closely related to the Mira variables. We estimate an effective temperature of 2740 +- 190 K, a distance of 61 +- 7 pc, a luminosity of 6500 +- 1400 Lsol...

  7. Distributed estimation of diameter, radius and eccentricities in anonymous networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    properties of being fully distributed, parallel and scalable. We analytically characterize the statistics of the network by maintaining a certain efficiency in communicating using less energy (Chen et al., 2002 to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007-2013] under

  8. Drill wear: its effect on the diameter of drilled holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichert, William Frederick

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    genoa arrrZgg zo gaamWra gHZ. zo ZaaXm axz:gVm VZXgg DRILL WEhR: ITS EFFECT ON THE DlhEETER GF DRILLED HOLES h Thesis Villian Frederick Reiehert, Jr. hpproved as to style and oontent by: a rman o onn ee ea o par nen hugus t 1955 h.... I RTRONCTIOE ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e s ~ o e o o o ~ N I I DRILLS AND DRXLLXNG ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o e ~ o ~ ~ Twist Drills Drill Presses Cutting Fluids . . . ~ Drill Pigs IIX DESCRIPTXOM OF EQUIPRERT AND PROCEXlIRE 6 13 19 23 27 Drilliag Eguipeeat...

  9. Modelling Hop-Constrained and Diameter-Constrained Minimum ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    arc sets [Si,Si+1] and then it would contain at least H + 1 arcs which is a contradiction. Thus ... set Si to one of the sets Si+2,...,SH+1. .... However, a simple exam-.

  10. Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable Transparent

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavid TurnerExperimental Capabilities NIF User

  11. K. McDonald Princeton U.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    called gun drilling. In this the lubrication is provided by high­pressure oil that flows through in hole diameter. The lubricating oil in a small­diameter bit needs to be at a pressure in excess of 1 a `pecking' cycle with the drill bit lubricated by a spray mist, followed by a ream to set the final diameter

  12. Invariant mechanical properties of calcium-silicate-hydrates (C-H-S) in cement-based materials : instrumented nanoindentation and microporomechanical modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constantinides, Georgios, 1978-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Random porous solids such as bone and geomaterials exhibit a multiphase composite nature, characterized by water-filled pores of nm- to m-scale diameter. The natural synthesis and operating environments of such materials ...

  13. Two phase flow in capillary tubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Mikio

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

  14. Study of the mechanical behaviour of a macroscopic glasspolyester composite by ESPI method and numerical simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corigliano, Alberto

    investigation concerning the mechanical behaviour of macromodels for fibre-reinforced composites. Cubic; the specimens have a 30 mm long side and the fibres a 2 mm long diameter. The displacement field on the surface

  15. Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine)

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A general concern based on the supply and demand trend of the permanent magnet (PM) raw materials suggests the need for elimination of these materials from electric motors (and generators) to control future costs. This invention discloses a new motor topology that eliminates the PM. Other innovations include brushless adjustable field excitation for high starting torque, field weakening, and power factor improvement and novel locks for higher peak speed. This novel machine shows promising...

  16. PALIERS POUR ROTORS TOURNANT A GRANDE VITESSE Par G. GOBERT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    l'air comprimé comme gaz. Le principe consiste ŕ sépa- rer, par un film gazeux, un plan mobile d atmosphérique aux abords du gicleur, due soit ŕ un écoulement oů la vitesse du gaz atteint la célérité locale du turbine (poids = 27 g). ~ b = butée : 4 gicleurs 0 1 mm sur 0 20 mm. 4 gicleurs 0 1 mm sur 0 34 mm. Modčle

  17. ELECTROSTATICALLY DRIVEN ROTOR ON CONDUCTIVE LIQUID RING BEARINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    avoid dry friction, eliminate wear and enhance reliability; compared with gas bearing [7], liquid]. However, the solid-solid friction, large in microscale, requires high voltage or large current to overcome the friction and often causes serious wear [6]. Gas or air bearing [7], created through electrostatic

  18. Targeted Energy Transfer between a Rotor and a Morse oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Copernic-B^at. Materia Nova 7000 Mons, Belgium bLaboratoire L´eon Brillouin (CEA-CNRS), CEA Saclay 91191

  19. Field Testing of a Quad Rotor Smartphone Control System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M.L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With recent regulatory efforts to reduce restrictions placed on the operation of Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) in the United States, it is likely that in the next few years, these vehicles will become commonplace in the ...

  20. A Design Study ofa 1MW Stall Regulated Rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of special tailored airfoils has been found to be around 4% on the annual energy production and 1 55 4.8 Summary 56 5 Comparison with LM 24.0 59 5.1 Assumptions 59 5.2 Geometry 60 5.3 Annual energy production and loads 62 5.4 Materia

  1. SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report documents the data post-processing and analysis performed to date on the field test data.

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Blade Sensors and Instrumentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capture all of the force applied to the entire wind-turbine system. A turbine's exact wind loading is fundamental to overall system design. Due to the large potential for...

  3. Bore tube assembly for steam cooling a turbine rotor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeStefano, Thomas Daniel (Ballston Lake, NY); Wilson, Ian David (Clifton Park, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An axial bore tube assembly for a turbine is provided to supply cooling steam to hot gas components of the turbine wheels and return the spent cooling steam. A pair of inner and outer tubes define a steam supply passage concentric about an inner return passage. The forward ends of the tubes communicate with an end cap assembly having sets of peripheral holes communicating with first and second sets of radial tubes whereby cooling steam from the concentric passage is supplied through the end cap holes to radial tubes for cooling the buckets and return steam from the buckets is provided through the second set of radial tubes through a second set of openings of the end cap into the coaxial return passage. A radial-to-axial flow transitioning device, including anti-swirling vanes is provided in the end cap. A strut ring adjacent the aft end of the bore tube assembly permits axial and radial thermal expansion of the inner tube relative to the outer tube.

  4. SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG - ORDER 2913| DepartmentSLIDESHOW:

  5. National Rotor Testbed Targets Future Wind Plant Research Needs |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement ofConverDyn NOPRNancy SutleyNationalOverview

  6. DOE and Sandia National Laboratories Develop National Rotor Testbed |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPM |TRUJuly 29, 2013SavannahRenewableofof Energy

  7. Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine) - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. . ~0sFailureSubscribe to NewsInnovation

  8. Sandia Energy - Innovative Offshore Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Rotors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatingsUltra-High-VoltagePower Company'sInAs Quantum

  9. Sandia Energy - National Rotor Testbed Functional Scaling Presented at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution Grid Integration Permalink Gallery

  10. Fabrication, Integration and Initial Testing of a SMART Rotor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-lFederalFY 2008 FOIAFabricated Metals- Energy

  11. MHK Technologies/Wave Rotor | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconverter <WAG Buoy <Rider < MHKRotor < MHK

  12. Die Casting Copper Motor Rotors | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197E T A * SEnergy studies onDie Casting Copper Motor

  13. Field Test Results from the Sandia SMART Rotor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.New Mexico Feb. 13,Conservation BillingFieldFieldFieldFieldField

  14. PN Rotor GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia GreenThesourceOvertonPEPCOPERI GreenPLGPMU

  15. Hybrid Rotor Compression for Multiphase and Liquids-Rich Wellhead

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football

  16. Sandia Energy - Structural and Mechanical Adaptive Rotor Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementing Nonlinear757KelleyEffectson the CoverSandia LabsIntegrity Testing

  17. Design, Fabrication, Assembly and Initial Testing of a SMART Rotor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortalToDepth ProfileLaboratory Design andFuelsthe

  18. Quantum dot-based nanomaterials for biological imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmer, John P. (John Philip)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum dot-based fluorescent probes were synthesized and applied to biological imaging in two distinct size regimes: (1) 100-1000 nm and (2) < 10 nm in diameter. The larger diameter range was accessed by doping CdSe/ZnS ...

  19. closed channel a 3L /a % h d "P a #h,:* A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haimei

    layer approximation and explain the reason of the answer. (5 points) 5. A circular ice rink is 25 m in diameter and is to be temporarily enclosed in a hemispherical dome of the' same diameter. The ice the radiant heat transfer from the dome to the rink if both surfaces can be taken as black. (10%) ocean open

  20. Log interpretation of shaly sandstones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Joel Foster

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bioturbated, discontinuous, subhori=ontal clay laminae. Some clay is distributed as rounded clasts ranging from 1 to 2 mm in diameter with some up to 30 mm in diameter. The next 7. 5 ft, from 13223 to 13231. 5 ft (4030. 4 to 4033. 0 m), Figure 11...

  1. K. McDonald Princeton U.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    called gun drilling. In this the lubrication is provided by high-pressure oil that flows through). In principle, use of a single, resharpened tool would minimize variation in hole diameter. The lubricating oil a `pecking' cycle with the drill bit lubricated by a spray mist, followed by a ream to set the final diameter

  2. 95The Apollo-11 Landing Area at High-Resolution The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) recently imaged the Apollo-11 landing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    95The Apollo-11 Landing Area at High-Resolution The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) recently imaged the Apollo-11 landing area at high-resolution and obtained the image above (top left of the Apollo-11 lander is 8mm in diameter, or 8 mm x (4.8 meters/mm) = 24 meters in diameter. The smallest

  3. Analysis of electrical signatures in synchronous generators characterized by bearing faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Jae-Won

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    fitted on the shaft. A 12 blade ventilation fan is located in the rear claw pole. This fan cools down the rotor while the energized field coil generates heat. The shaft diameter at the rear end is reduced to 3/8? and a smaller 6200 type bearing fits...

  4. Cost of Wind Energy in the United States: Trends from 2007 to 2012 (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation provides an overview of recent technology trends observed in the United States including project size, turbine size, rotor diameter, hub height, annual average wind speed, and annual energy production. It also highlights area where system analysis is required to fully understand how these technology trends relate to the cost of wind energy.

  5. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 96 (2008) 503523

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    with such spectral models can be in turn highly variable for different realizations. Turbine load and performance a wind velocity field over spatial dimensions on the scale of the turbine rotor diameter in accordance of uncertainty in inflow turbulence to wind turbine loads Korn Saranyasoontorn, Lance ManuelĂ? Department of Civil

  6. 1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the 31

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    of the 126 m rotor diameter NREL (National Renewable Energy Lab) 5 MW, horizontal axis Reference Wind Turbine COMPARISON OF THREE FLOATING WIND TURBINE CONCEPTS Andrew J. Goupee University of Maine Orono, Maine, USA bottom wind turbine technology is no longer economically viable. As a result, many are looking

  7. Development of a cryogenic induction motor for use with a superconducting magnetic bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxley, Paul

    -tem- perature superconductor (HTS) to eliminate any stick-slip friction between the rotor and the stator distance between the magnet and the HTS is 5.5 mm. More details about the SMB are given by Hanany et al. [2 clad NbTi superconducting wire with diameter of 0.13 mm. The coils are driven with 120° phase

  8. Fabrication of small-orifice fuel injectors for diesel engines.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodford, J. B.; Fenske, G. R.

    2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Diesel fuel injector nozzles with spray hole diameters of 50-75 {micro}m have been fabricated via electroless nickel plating of conventionally made nozzles. Thick layers of nickel are deposited onto the orifice interior surfaces, reducing the diameter from {approx}200 {micro}m to the target diameter. The nickel plate is hard, smooth, and adherent, and covers the orifice interior surfaces uniformly.

  9. Mixer-Ejector Wind Turbine: Breakthrough High Efficiency Shrouded Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: FloDesign Wind Turbine’s innovative wind turbine, inspired by the design of jet engines, could deliver 300% more power than existing wind turbines of the same rotor diameter by extracting more energy over a larger area. FloDesign Wind Turbine’s unique shrouded design expands the wind capture area, and the mixing vortex downstream allows more energy to flow through the rotor without stalling the turbine. The unique rotor and shrouded design also provide significant opportunity for mass production and simplified assembly, enabling mid-scale turbines (approximately 100 kW) to produce power at a cost that is comparable to larger-scale conventional turbines.

  10. Mathematical and Computational Applications, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 408-420, 2013 MODELING AND CONTROL OF A VARIABLE SPEED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    , vertical axis wind turbines have rotor axis perpendicular to wind streamlines. Savonius rotor is the most

  11. SELECTED PROPERTIES OF WOOD STRAND AND ORIENTED STRANDBOARD FROM SMALL-DIAMETER SOUTHERN PINE TREES1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and paper industry and restricted logging on fed- eral forest land, there is an overstocking of small of the heavy fuel load (Wolfe 2000). There is a need for removing and utilizing these materials to capture more

  12. The effects of inlet velocity and barrel diameter on cyclone performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faulkner, William Brock

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Cyclone separators are widely used in agricultural processing industries as air pollution abatement devices. The performance of cyclones is a function of the geometry of the cyclone, operating parameters, and the particle size distribution (PSD...

  13. Development length of three-eights inch diameter, seven-wire concrete prestressing cable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Jimmy Donnell

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trar sfcr len?th& b&u'L it shou1c. no v be used f or c csi+ linc?conor c I c Blc mi&er s in v hich 'I ran, ? fe &" lc&x', I h is c emtical, 1'he above &eo?LLoned eouatio?s ~?ive on1y apozoxirz&te ind. i. cat:i ons of nec:e &sary trarcsfer ic:n ~ Lh...

  14. The simplex method and the diameter of a 0-1 polytope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We will derive two main results related to the primal simplex method for an LP ... instance for which the simplex method finds a path between them, whose length

  15. The simplex method and the diameter of a 0-1 polytope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomonari Kitahara

    2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    May 9, 2012 ... Abstract: We will derive two main results related to the primal simplex method for an LP on a 0-1 polytope. One of the results is that, for any 0-1 ...

  16. Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Susan Nicole

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    on the section of pipe connected to the pressurizer. Descriptions of the di user at the bottom of the pres- surizer tank, which determines the water ow con guration into the surge line, are di cult to obtain. As predicted by the SCDAP/RELAP5 code for a typical 4... impact on plant behavior. In a countercurrent, two-phase ow system, ooding is commonly de ned as the This thesis follows the style of International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 2 onset of ow reversal which results in cocurrent ow [3]. In general...

  17. Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

  18. Modeling Ozone Removal to Indoor Materials, Including the Effects of Porosity, Pore Diameter, and Thickness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gall, Elliott T; Siegel, Jeffrey A; Corsi, Richard L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of healthy young volunteers to ozone causes cardiovasculareffects of five common ozone-initiated terpene reactiondecay rates, and removal of ozone and their relation to

  19. Strain-Based Design Methodology of Large Diameter Grade X80 Linepipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lower, Mark D. [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continuous growth in energy demand is driving oil and natural gas production to areas that are often located far from major markets where the terrain is prone to earthquakes, landslides, and other types of ground motion. Transmission pipelines that cross this type of terrain can experience large longitudinal strains and plastic circumferential elongation as the pipeline experiences alignment changes resulting from differential ground movement. Such displacements can potentially impact pipeline safety by adversely affecting structural capacity and leak tight integrity of the linepipe steel. Planning for new long-distance transmission pipelines usually involves consideration of higher strength linepipe steels because their use allows pipeline operators to reduce the overall cost of pipeline construction and increase pipeline throughput by increasing the operating pressure. The design trend for new pipelines in areas prone to ground movement has evolved over the last 10 years from a stress-based design approach to a strain-based design (SBD) approach to further realize the cost benefits from using higher strength linepipe steels. This report presents an overview of SBD for pipelines subjected to large longitudinal strain and high internal pressure with emphasis on the tensile strain capacity of high-strength microalloyed linepipe steel. The technical basis for this report involved engineering analysis and examination of the mechanical behavior of Grade X80 linepipe steel in both the longitudinal and circumferential directions. Testing was conducted to assess effects on material processing including as-rolled, expanded, and heat treatment processing intended to simulate coating application. Elastic-plastic and low-cycle fatigue analyses were also performed with varying internal pressures. Proposed SBD models discussed in this report are based on classical plasticity theory and account for material anisotropy, triaxial strain, and microstructural damage effects developed from test data. The results are intended to enhance SBD and analysis methods for producing safe and cost effective pipelines capable of accommodating large plastic strains in seismically active arctic areas.

  20. Subcooling Effects for Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cullum, Wes

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A counter current annular flow experiment was performed to determine flooding conditions for varying degrees of subcooling using steam and water. The findings can be used in reactor safety codes to provide an improved model of flooding during...

  1. A phase transition for the diameter of the configuration model Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofstad, Remco van der

    Science, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands. E.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands. E-mail: znamenski@eurandom.nl 1 #12;but distances in PAM

  2. SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. Bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple castiron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs with the pipe in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, minimize excavation, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of old cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct safe repair operations on live mains.

  3. ORNL devises recipe to fine-tune diameter of silica rods | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the stage for advances in anti-reflective solar cells, computer monitors, TV screens, eye glasses and more. The goal of fabricating fixed-size one-dimensional silica structures...

  4. Measurements of trace element concentration profiles across the diameter of human hair with micro-pixe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bos, A.J.J.; C.C.A.H.v.d. Stap.; Lenglet, W.J.M.; Valkovic, V.; Vis, R.D.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trace element distributions across single human hairs using a proton microbeam has been measured to study the origin of these elements in hair. A new way of concentration assignment for micro PIXE making use of both the Proton Induced characteristic X-rays and the Rutherford Backscattered protons is reported.

  5. CONSTRUCTION AND TESTING OF THE TWO METER DIAMETER TPC THIN SUPERCONDUCTING SOLENOID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, M.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cryostat which is cast ir epoxy resin (see Figure 1 ) . Thewas vacuum impregnated in epoxy resin- The cast ultra pure3 shows the with epoxy resin to form a rigid integrated

  6. In vitro model for human endothelial cell seeding of a small diameter vascular graft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent, K.C.; Oshima, A.; Ikemoto, T.; Whittemore, A.D.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A precise system was devised to measure the kinetics of attachment of human venous endothelium to a variety of materials and substrates. Cells were labelled in a postconfluent state with tritiated thymidine, harvested, and a cell suspension seeded into a 4 mm PTFE graft. After a 90 minute incubation period, one half of the graft segment was sacrificed and the remaining portion placed in a perfusion system (225 cc/min) for 1 hour. Graft segments, effluents, and seeding suspension were assayed in a beta scintillation counter. The percentage of cells that attached pre- and postperfusion were determined, as well as the retrieval of tritium from the system. Initially, 71% of seeded cells attached to grafts coated with fibronectin, with significantly less (60%) remaining attached after perfusion. Only 10% of cells initially attached to uncoated grafts, with 4% retained postperfusion. Retrieval of tritium averaged 102 +/- 10% for all experiments. This system determines both pre- and postperfusion attachment of human endothelial cells to vascular grafts following manipulation of numerous variables, including graft material, substrate, incubation time, and seeding density. An optimal seeding protocol for human trials can thus be determined.

  7. The role of apolipoprotein VLDL-II in regulating the diameter of VLDLy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallowitz, Mikhael L

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The physiological function of each class of lipoproteins is dictated in part by the structural biology of the lipoprotein particle. Proteins embedded in the superficial phospholipid monolayer (apolipoproteins) facilitate the receptor mediated...

  8. Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Susan Nicole

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of the surge line and steam generator tubes. Currently no satisfactory mechanistic ooding models exist yet, so current safety analysis codes employ empirical correlations to predict ooding. With their default ooding models, the SCDAP/RELAP5, MELCOR and MAAP...

  9. Designing Energy-Efficient Low-Diameter On-chip Networks with Equalized Interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Ajay J.

    In a power and area constrained multicore system, the on-chip communication network needs to be carefully designed to maximize the system performance and programmer productivity while minimizing energy and area. In this ...

  10. What we know about the Sun Angular Diameter = 32 arcmin (from observations)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    Center (SDAC): http://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/ includes links to SOHO, SDO, HINODE, and YOHKOH Other Solar

  11. diameter. During skimmed milk MF the fouling, mainly due to a deposit of casein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of casein micelles from soluble proteins of skimmed milk can be achieved by crossflow micro- filtration, MF, using a 0.1 µm mean pore Original article Critical stability conditions in skimmed milk crossflow Abstract -- There exists a critical ratio (convection towards the membrane/erosion) in crossflow micro

  12. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 86, 013804 (2012) Diameter-bandwidth product limitation of isolated-object cloaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Massachusetts 02139, USA 4 WiTricity Corporation, Watertown, Massachusetts 02472, USA (Received 20 March 2012

  13. Three-Dimensional Self-Assembly of Metallic Rods with Submicron Diameters Using Magnetic Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    by electrodeposition, following techniques developed by Martin6 and Mallouk,7 is a convenient method for generating to contain two ferromagnetic sections (nickel) separated by diamagnetic sections (gold) (Figure 1a of alternating layers of gold and nickel were deposited in porous alumina filters and released by dissolving

  14. An improved Kalai-Kleitman bound for the diameter of a polyhedron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 19, 2014 ... This completes the proof. ??. Acknowledgement Thanks to Günter Ziegler and Francisco Santos for several help- ful comments on a previous ...

  15. Measurement of emission diameter as a function of time on foam z- pinch plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lazier, S.E.; Barber, T.L. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Derzon, M.S.; Kellogg, J.W.

    1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a streaked imaging capability to make time-resolved measurements of the emission size for low density foam z-pinches. By lens coupling visible emission from the z-pinch target to an array of fiber optics we obtained the emission profile in the visible as a function of time with radial resolution of 300 {mu}m. To measure the emission at temperatures greater than {approx}40 eV the source was slit-imaged or pin-hole imaged onto an x-ray filtered scintillator. Non-uniformities in both visible and x-ray emission were observed. We describe the diagnostics, the image unfold process, and results from the instrument for both visible and x-ray measurements.

  16. Forced-convection surface-boiling heat transfer and burnout in tubes of small diameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergles A. E.

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A basic heat-transfer apparatus was designed and constructed for the study of forced-convection boiling in small channels. The various regions of forced-convection surface boiling were studied experimentally and analytically. ...

  17. Hydraulics of a finite-diameter horizontal well with wellbore storage and skin effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Hongbin

    *, Hongbin Zhan Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843

  18. Non-intrusive ultrasonic liquid-in-line detector for small diameter tubes. [Patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piper, T.C.

    1980-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    An arrangement for detecting liquids in a line, using non-intrusive ultrasonic techniques is disclosed. In this arrangement, four piezoelectric crystals are arranged in pairs about a 0.078 inch o.d. pipe. An ultrasonic tone burst is transmitted along the pipe, between crystal pairs, and the amplitude of the received tone burst indicates the absence/presence of liquid in the pipe.

  19. Non-intrusive ultrasonic liquid-in-line detector for small diameter tubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piper, Thomas C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An arrangement for deleting liquid in a line, using non-intrusive ultrasonic techniques is disclosed. In this arrangement, four piezoelectric crystals are arranged in pairs about a 0.072 inch o.d. pipe. An ultrasonic tone burst is transmitted along the pipe, between crystal pairs, and the amplitude of the received tone burst indicates the absence/presence of liquid in the pipe.

  20. Submicron-diameter semiconductor pillar microcavities with very high quality factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    dimensions of space, through Bragg reflection in the longi- tudinal direction and through total internalAs/AlGaAs Bragg mirrors, surrounding the cavity spacer, are corrugated because of partial oxidation of the Al

  1. Diameter-Controlled and Nitrogen-Doped Vertically Aligned Single-Walled Carbon Theerapol Thurakitsereea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    controlled and vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes were synthesized from pure and mixed ethanol/acetonitrile feedstock. With increasing acetonitrile concentration in the feedstock, nitrogen incorporation into the sp2], methane [8], acetylene [9], ethylene [10], or other organic chemical sources [11]. Acetonitrile (CH3CN

  2. Periodic Changes in the K-band Spectral Angular Diameters of Mira Variables at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    January 13, 2000 #12;Abstract We report angular size measurements of 16 oxygen-rich, 6 carbon-rich and 4 SIab Z Cyg 190163 ---------- +50314 324.22 7.6 14.7 2.44 M5e 1 185395 0.71+/-0.05 F4V V CMi 53847.38+/-0.03 A5Vsb R CMi 54300 34474 +10154 350.67 7.4 11.6 2.92 Spe 1 58715 0.76+/-0.06 B8Ve U Cas 4350

  3. An Annual Tree Survival and Diameter Growth Model for Loblolly and Slash Pine Plantations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Quang V.

    Texas Dean W. Coble, Quang V. Cao, and Lewis Jordan An annual growth model that predicts individual tree with individual tree growth models (Stage 1973, Mitchell 1975, Hilt 1985, Larsen and Hann 1985, Burkhart et alDill and Amateis (1993), Cao (2000), Cao et al. (2002), and Nord-Larsen (2006) subsequently introduced

  4. RESEARCH Open Access Estimation of optic nerve sheath diameter on an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , mortality in the United States was reportedly higher (18.4 per 100,000) [1]. Post- TBI disability is a major) measured on the initial brain computed tomography (CT) scan for intensive care unit (ICU) mortality is independently associated with ICU mortality rate (when 7.3 mm) in severe TBI patients. Introduction Severe

  5. ORNL devises recipe to fine-tune diameter of silica rods | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire3627Homeland SecurityJonathan Mbah andORNL PartnersandOak

  6. Economic and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| Open JumpEcology & Environment, Inc.Fans on Air

  7. Method for estimating potential tree-grade distributions for northeastern forest species. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaussy, D.A.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized logistic regression was used to distribute trees into four potential tree grades for 20 northeastern species groups. The potential tree grade is defined as the tree grade based on the length and amount of clear cuttings and defects only, disregarding minimum grading diameter. The algorithms described use site index and tree diameter as the predictive variables, allowing the equations to be incorporated into individual-tree growth and yield simulators such as NE-TWIGS.

  8. New tabulate genus Sutherlandia (Coelenterata, Anthozoa) from Pennsylvanian of Oklahoma and Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocke, J. M.; Bowsher, A. L.

    1968-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    specimen is more than 23 mm. in diameter; the maximum diameter of S. seniinolensis is slightly less than 2 mm. Material studied.—Specimens were collected from calcareous shale of the Seminole Formation approximately one mile south of Glenpool, Tulsa County... COCKE & BOWSHER, n. sp., from Seminole Formation south of Glenpool, Tulsa County, Oklahoma. I. Holotype (OU 5663) with central subcylindrical object 2. Specimen (OU 5662) encrusted on cylindrical spar- encrusted by small organisms of undetermined na...

  9. Customized airfoils and their impact on VAWT (Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine) cost of energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, D.E.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories has developed a family of airfoils specifically designed for use in the equatorial portion of a Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) blade. An airfoil of that family has been incorporated into the rotor blades of the DOE/Sandia 34-m diameter VAWT Test Bed. The airfoil and rotor design process is reviewed. Comparisons with data recently acquired from flow visualization tests and from the DOE/Sandia 34-m diameter VAWT Test Bed illustrate the success that was achieved in the design. The economic optimization model used in the design is described and used to evaluate the effect of modifications to the current Test Bed blade. 1 tab., 11 figs., 13 refs.

  10. Fourth Annual Progress Report on the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind Generator: Final Report for the Period 1 April 1979 - 31 August 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minardi, J. E.; Lawson, M. O.; Wattendorf, F. L.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional wind energy systems are limited in wind turbine diameter by allowable rotor stresses at power levels of several megawatts. In contrast, the Electrofluid Dynamic (EFD) wind driven generator has no fundamental limits on cross sectional area. It is a direct energy conversion device which employs unipolar charged particles transported by the wind against a retarding voltage gradient to a high potential. As no moving parts are exposed to the wind, extremely large power units may be feasible.

  11. Pipe viscometry of foams C. Enzendorfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ValkĂł, Peter

    of foams is usually characterized by the quality, r, defined as the ratio of the gas volume to the total,and quality was determined in pipes of five diameters. The flow curves showed a marked dependenceon foam volume. High-quality foams, above 93%-97% have the tendency to invert into mist. In a mist

  12. The effect of silica nanoparticle-modified surfaces on cell morphology, cytoskeletal organization and function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    substrates were coated with monodispersed silica nanoparticles of 50, 100 and 300 nm in diameter. The impactThe effect of silica nanoparticle-modified surfaces on cell morphology, cytoskeletal organization investigate the effect of nanoparticle (NP) assemblies arranged on a flat substrate on cytoskeletal

  13. Figure 1. Total alkali vs. silica plot of composition of existing ChemCam standards (open grey circles), new samples (open colored symbols), and APXS values for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossman. George R.

    a pulsed laser beam at a point on a rock or soil target. Material is ablated from a 350-550 µm diameter the first 100 sols of the mis- sion, the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiment on the Chem

  14. Film Cooling with Forward and Backward Injection for Cylindrical and Fan-shaped Holes Using PSP Measurement Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Andrew F

    2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    and each hole is 4 mm in diameter. The blowing ratio effect is studied at 10 different blowing ratios ranging from M = 0.3 to M = 2.0. The coolant to main stream density ratio (DR) effect is studied by using foreign gases with DR = 1 (N2), 1.5 (CO_2), and 2...

  15. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C8, supplement au n012, Tome 48, dkcembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    long and 13mn diameter. The crystals were deformed by compression along the axis o f the cylinder i n IN ALUMINIUM SINGLE CRYSTALS AT MHz FREQUENCIES M. ZEIN Physics Department, University of Bahrain, College (100>, orientation, were deformed by compression, and the temperature dependence o f

  16. Introduction to the Theory of Poroelasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-30-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter gives a brief review of the classical theory of elasticity. For a more ...... material of dimensions much bigger than the pore diameter, the mechanical properties of the cube are ...... For the analysis, it is convenient to decompose ij in the form. 4.31 ij = ,pf ij + bij; ...... where S is called the structure factor. According to ...

  17. TkF Processteknikens Vrme-och strmningsteknik grunder (PTG) 424101

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    H. Flue gas from a process furnace is emitted to the atmosphere from a cylindrical stack with constant inside diameter. The temperature of the flue gas is 227°C (density g = 0,65 kg/m3 ) while. Calculate, for p = 250 Pa, the height H of the stack so that the gas will flow freely into the atmosphere

  18. Hollow waveguides for gas sensing and near-IR applications David J. Haan and James A. Harrington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    limited flexibility, so polycarbonate substrate waveguides offer an advantage over silica guides remains straight, and then the guide can be coiled at a later time. A typical polycarbonate waveguide can be coiled to a 4 cm diameter. The behavior of polycarbonate waveguides at longer wavelengths has been

  19. This article was downloaded by: [Rochester Institute of Technology] On: 15 April 2014, At: 13:34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    diameter. The tubes were made by electrodepositing nickel on an aluminum sacrificial substrate. The desired roughness structures were machined or etched on the substrate before depositing nickel to generate a replica of the aluminum substrate on the internal surface of the nickel tubes. Four different surface roughness features

  20. Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING YANG,* BRYAN A. BAUM,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Bryan A.

    Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING locally by more than 10 W m22 over a range of effective diameters. The global-averaged SW cloud radiative but nonnegligible increase in the global LW cloud radiative effect. 1. Introduction Ice clouds significantly

  1. On the characteristics of fault-induced rotor-dynamic bifurcations and nonlinear responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Baozhong

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........41 3.4 (a) Time history of a nonlinear time-delay model. (b) Corresponding phase portrait and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........42 3.5 Phase portrait and Poincare map of a fractal... reaction forces, which in turn could result in strong nonlinear responses including period-doubling bifurcation, quasi-periodic bifurcation, and even chaotic response [4,5]. Nonlinear dynamical states of quasi-periodic, fractal, and chaotic motions...

  2. Multi-piece wind turbine rotor blades and wind turbines incorporating same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moroz; Emilian Mieczyslaw (San Diego, CA) [San Diego, CA

    2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A multisection blade for a wind turbine includes a hub extender having a pitch bearing at one end, a skirt or fairing having a hole therethrough and configured to mount over the hub extender, and an outboard section configured to couple to the pitch bearing.

  3. Numerical simulation of geometry effects for concentric-rotor labyrinth seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Sung-Ho

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the formulation of the k and s finite difference equations. The other was the incorporation of an extended wall function in order to account for near-wall pressure gradient and inertia effects. By comparison with wall cavity measurements. the addition of QUICK... differencing concepts for evaluating 4l at the west face of a control volume with How from left to right Computational domain ( - - ? ) for the wall cavity fiowfield measured by Sinha ]24] Mean axial velocity distribution showing predictions using...

  4. UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA INVESTIGATION OF HOW ANGLE OF ATTACK AFFECTS ROTOR SPEED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belanger, David P.

    -pitch blades is tested in UCSC's wind tunnel. The turbine is used to test how varying the blade angle affects the turbine's rotational speed at different wind speeds. The data are used to determine how the blade angle 27 Appendix A Wind Turbine Data 29 Appendix B Converting Blade Pitch to Needle Angle 33 Appendix C

  5. Inhibited, Explosive and Anisotropic Relaxation in a Gas of Molecular Super-Rotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khodorkovsky, Yuri; Hartmann, Jean-Michel; Averbukh, Ilya Sh

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, several femtosecond laser techniques have been developed that are capable of bringing gas molecules to extremely fast rotation in a very short time, while keeping their translational motion intact and relatively slow. We investigate collisional equilibration dynamics of this new state of molecular gases, and find that it follows a remarkable generic scenario. The route to equilibrium starts with a durable metastable 'gyroscopic stage', in the course of which the molecules maintain their fast rotation and orientation of the angular momentum through many collisions. The inhibited rotational-translational relaxation is characterized by a persistent anisotropy in the molecular angular distribution, and is manifested in the long-lasting optical birefringence, and anisotropic diffusion in the gas. After a certain induction time, the 'gyroscopic stage' is abruptly terminated by a self-accelerating explosive rotational-translational energy exchange leading the gas towards the final thermal equilibrium. We i...

  6. Reduction of multi-stage disk models: Application to an industrial rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in "Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 131, 1 (2009) 012502" #12;INTRODUCTION This study problem. The first part of this paper updates the methodology developed in9 . This method con- sists to the cyclic modeshapes as defined by Laxalde et al.8 , and the process used to generate the subspaces in which

  7. Gibbsianness versus Non-Gibbsianness of time-evolved planar rotor models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    enough. Le Ny and Redig generalized in [LeNRed02] the result for small times t to more general dynamics

  8. FAULT DETECTION AND STATE EVALUATION OF ROTOR BLADES Yuri Petryna, Andreas Knzel, Matthias Kannenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . INTRODUCTION Wind turbines are usually exposed to intensive dynamic loading for 20 to 30 years of design lifetime. A rapid development of new machines, carrying structures and foundation types in the offshore monitoring. There exist almost no commercially available and reliable solutions for offshore structures

  9. Rotor Termination in a Patient-Specific Model of Atrial Fibrillation /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzales, Matthew James

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and even if any oscillations in voltage are present, they doand temporal (B) oscillations in the voltage solution of aexcursion of voltage was in fact the Gibbs oscillations or

  10. Effects of rotor blade modulation on GNSS anti-jamming algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , France) in 1998. After having been involved in the development of radiofrequency front-end for GPS for the development of controlled radiated pattern antenna products. ABSTRACT In hostile environment, Global

  11. COE Reductions through Active Aerodynamic Control of Rotor Aerodynamics and Geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, D. A.; McCoy, T. J.

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates potential cost of energy reductions that might be achieved by designing active systems to mitigate loads throughout the wind turbine system.

  12. Double Side Control of Wound Rotor Induction Machine for Wind Energy Application Employing Half Controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipo, Thomas

    the cost of a wind generator system, a new configuration using half controlled converters for both the required KVA rating of both machine side and line side converters, improves the efficiency of the wind generator, helps operating over a wide speed range and supports near unity power factor interface

  13. Imbalance response of a rotor supported on a floating ring fluid film bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naranjo, Julio Enrique

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    running speed (10,000 rpm). The system non linearity is evidenced by two self-excited subsynchronous vibration components identified from the experiments. The first subsynchronous component is associated with the instability of the inner film...

  14. Rotor dynamic analysis of multi-line systems using the polynomial transfer matrix method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troxler, Paul Joseph

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is based on the polynomial transfer matrix method. The transfer matrices for the general point mass and flexible beam are presented. The model has the capability to include a number of different options such as stator gyroscopic terms (to model... polynomial coefficients a = mass and beam matrix elements 1J A = cross sectional Area A, B = matrices b; = coefficients of polynomial after removing quadratic factor B&g ? variables used in deriving foundation equations c = scale factor c...

  15. Brake rotor design and comparison using finite element analysis : an investigation in topology optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domond, Kenneth

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Introduction to the Conjugate Gradient Method Without thedescent method and the conjugate gradient method. The onlymethod and the conjugate gradient method can be found in

  16. Synthesis and characterization of molecular rotors as viscosity sensors and beta amyloid binding agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutharsan, Jeyanthy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthesis and Evaluation as Viscosity Sensors IntroductionSynthesis and Evaluation as Viscosity Sensors14and evaluation of these compounds as viscosity sensors. The

  17. Hybrid gas bearings with controlled supply pressure to eliminate rotor vibrations while crossing system critical speeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Keun

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    reliable predictive design models. The thrust of this research is to investigate conventional bearings of low cost, easy to manufacture (common materials) and easy to install and align. Flexure pivot tilting pad bearings offer little or no cross...

  18. The effects of torsional-lateral coupling on the dynamics of a gear coupled rotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emery, Michael Aaron

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    torsional stiffness for various several lateral stiffness values ........................................... 53 38. Change in mode shape as lateral support is stiffened from 100 lb/in to 6000 lb/in when Kt=100000 lb/rad... .......................................................................... 73 63. Torsional vibration in ? 1 direction of Gear 1 for 44-200 rad/s running speeds ................................................................................................................. 74 64. Gear 2 torsional vibration in ? 2...

  19. Dynamic Response of a Rotor-air Bearing System Due to Base Induced Periodic Motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Yaying

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    equipment such as turbochargers and micro gas turbine engines. For example, air flow fluctuations and landing sudden maneuver can introduce random excitations or shock to auxiliary power units for aircrafts. Diesel engine induced vibrations and road...

  20. Fault Detection of Broken Rotor Bars in Induction Motor using a Global Fault Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in induction motor. Stator voltage and current in an induction motor were measured and employed for computation of the input power of one stator phase. Waveforms of the instantaneous power and line current were subsequently-known that interruptions of a manufacturing process due to a mechanical problem induces a serious financial loss