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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter #12;Design data Rated power 5,000kW Cut-in speed 3.5m/s Rated wind speed 13.0m/s Cut-out speed 25.0m/s onshore 30.0m/s offshore Wind zone up to DIBt 3 Type class up to IEC Ib / GL offshore type class I Rotor Diameter 126.0m Rotor area 12,469m2

Firestone, Jeremy

2

Offshore Series Wind Turbine Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.6MW Offshore Series Wind Turbine GE Energy #12;Feature Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters-savings feature, considering the rigors of offshore power generation. The 3.6 MW offshore wind turbine also, for both on and offshore use. Special features include... As the world's first commercially available wind

Firestone, Jeremy

3

Measurements versus Predictions for a Hybrid (Hydrostatic plus Hydrodynamic Thrust Bearing for a Range of Orifice Diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fixed geometry hybrid thrust bearing is investigated with three different supply orifice diameters. The test rig uses a face-to-face thrust bearing design, with the test bearing acting as the rotor loading mechanism. A hydraulic shaker applies...

Esser, Paul R.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors. 10 figs.

Bender, D.A.; Kuklo, T.C.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

5

Separators for flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A separator forms a connection between the rotors of a concentric rotor assembly. This separator allows for the relatively free expansion of outer rotors away from inner rotors while providing a connection between the rotors that is strong enough to prevent disassembly. The rotor assembly includes at least two rotors referred to as inner and outer flywheel rings or rotors. This combination of inner flywheel ring, separator, and outer flywheel ring may be nested to include an arbitrary number of concentric rings. The separator may be a segmented or continuous ring that abuts the ends of the inner rotor and the inner bore of the outer rotor. It is supported against centrifugal loads by the outer rotor and is affixed to the outer rotor. The separator is allowed to slide with respect to the inner rotor. It is made of a material that has a modulus of elasticity that is lower than that of the rotors.

Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Aerodynamik des Rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor steht am Anfang der Wirkungskette einer Windkraftanlage. Seine aerodynamischen und dynamischen Eigenschaften sind deshalb in mehrfacher Hinsicht prägend für das gesamte System. Die Fähigkeit des Roto...

Dipl.-Ing. Erich Hau

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Aerodynamik des Rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor steht am Anfang der Wirkungskette einer Windkraftanlage. Seine aerodynamischen und dynamischen Eigenschaften sind deshalb in mehrfacher Hinsicht prägend für das gesamte System. Die Fähigkeit des Roto...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Using a collision model to design safer wind turbine rotors for birds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical model for collisions between birds and propeller-type turbine rotors identifies the variables that can be manipulated to reduce the probability that birds will collide with the rotor. This study defines a safety index--the clearance power density--that allows rotors of different sizes and designs to be compared in terms of the amount of wind energy converted to electrical energy per bird collision. The collision model accounts for variations in wind speed during the year and shows that for model rotors with simple, one-dimensional blades, the safety index increases in proportion to rotor diameter, and variable speed rotors have higher safety indexes than constant speed rotors. The safety index can also be increased by enlarging the region near the center of the rotor hub where the blades move slowly enough for birds to avoid them. Painting the blades to make them more visible might have this effect. Model rotors with practical designs can have safety indexes an order of magnitude higher than those for model rotors typical of the constant speeds rotors in common use today. This finding suggests that redesigned rotors could have collision rates with birds perhaps an order of magnitude lower than today`s rotors, with no reduction in the production of wind power. The empirical data that exist for collisions between raptors, such as hawks and eagles, and rotors are consistent with the model: the numbers of raptor carcasses found beneath large variable speed rotors, relative to the numbers found under small constant speed rotors, are in the proportions predicted by the collision model rather than in proportion to the areas swept by the rotor blades. However, uncontrolled variables associated with these data prevent a stronger claim of support for the model.

Tucker, V.A. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Zoology

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Polygonal shaft hole rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laminated rotor for an induction motor has a plurality of ferro-magnetic laminations mounted axially on a rotor shaft. Each of the plurality of laminations has a central aperture in the shape of a polygon with sides of equal length. The laminations are alternatingly rotated 180.degree. from one another so that the straight sides of the polygon shaped apertures are misaligned. As a circular rotor shaft is press fit into a stack of laminations, the point of maximum interference occurs at the midpoints of the sides of the polygon (i.e., at the smallest radius of the central apertures of the laminations). Because the laminates are alternatingly rotated, the laminate material at the points of maximum interference yields relatively easily into the vertices (i.e., the greatest radius of the central aperture) of the polygonal central aperture of the next lamination as the shaft is inserted into the stack of laminations. Because of this yielding process, the amount of force required to insert the shaft is reduced, and a tighter fit is achieved.

Hussey, John H. (St. Louis, MO); Rose, John Scott (Alton, IL); Meystrik, Jeffrey J. (Webster Groves, MO); White, Kent Lee (Maryland Heights, MO)

2001-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

10

Single rotor turbine engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Homopolar motor with dual rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Sandia National Laboratories: National Rotor Testbed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Rotor Testbed (NRT) includes research to quantify the degree to which the blade design load distribution influences the rotor near- and mid-wake velocity deficits and...

13

Sandia National Laboratories: National Rotor Testbed Functional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Definition of the National Rotor Testbed: An Aeroelastically Relevant Research-Scale Wind Turbine Rotor." Approximately 60 researchers from various institutions and countries...

14

Rotor dynamic analysis of multi-line systems using the polynomial transfer matrix method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COEFFICIENTS 66 APPENDIX 3 - PROGRAM TEST CASES 72 VITA 90 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 - Two Line Rotor Model and Station 10 2 ? X-Z Plane Sign Convention 12 3 - Y-Z Plane Sign Convention 4 ? Mass Station Transfer Matrix 5 ? Beam Station Transfer... inch Diameter Shaft Free-Free Case 75 3 - Three Disk Rotor Critical Speeds - No Foundations 76 4 - 3 Disk Rotor Natural Frequencies With Foundations 78 5 - 2 inch Shaft Model With Foundations 82 6 ? Roots Before Dividing Out Correction Polynomial 83...

Troxler, Paul Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Design and field test results from the SMART Rotor project, a wind turbine rotor with integrated trailing-edge flaps designed for active control of the rotor aerodynamics.

16

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Data analysis and conclusions from the SMART Rotor project, a wind turbine rotor with integrated trailing-edge flaps designed for active control of the rotor aerodynamics.

17

Hi-Q Rotor - Low Wind Speed Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was to optimize the performance of the Hi-Q Rotor. Early research funded by the California Energy Commission indicated the design might be advantageous over state-of-the-art turbines for collecting wind energy in low wind conditions. The Hi-Q Rotor is a new kind of rotor targeted for harvesting wind in Class 2, 3, and 4 sites, and has application in areas that are closer to cities, or 'load centers.' An advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor is that the rotor has non-conventional blade tips, producing less turbulence, and is quieter than standard wind turbine blades which is critical to the low-wind populated urban sites. Unlike state-of-the-art propeller type blades, the Hi-Q Rotor has six blades connected by end caps. In this phase of the research funded by DOE's Inventions and Innovation Program, the goal was to improve the current design by building a series of theoretical and numeric models, and composite prototypes to determine a best of class device. Development of the rotor was performed by aeronautical engineering and design firm, DARcorporation. From this investigation, an optimized design was determined and an 8-foot diameter, full-scale rotor was built and mounted using a Bergey LX-1 generator and furling system which were adapted to support the rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor was then tested side-by-side against the state-of-the-art Bergey XL-1 at the Alternative Energy Institute's Wind Test Center at West Texas State University for six weeks, and real time measurements of power generated were collected and compared. Early wind tunnel testing showed that the cut-in-speed of the Hi-Q rotor is much lower than a conventional tested HAWT enabling the Hi-Q Wind Turbine to begin collecting energy before a conventional HAWT has started spinning. Also, torque at low wind speeds for the Hi-Q Wind Turbine is higher than the tested conventional HAWT and enabled the wind turbine to generate power at lower wind speeds. Based on the data collected, the results of our first full-scale prototype wind turbine proved that higher energy can be captured at lower wind speeds with the new Hi-Q Rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor is almost 15% more productive than the Bergey from 6 m/s to 8 m/s, making it ideal in Class 3, 4, and 5 wind sites and has application in the critical and heretofore untapped areas that are closer to cities, 'load centers,' and may even be used directly in urban areas. The additional advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor's non-conventional blade tips, which eliminates most air turbulence, is noise reduction which makes it doubly ideal for populated urban areas. Hi-Q Products recommends one final stage of development to take the Hi-Q Rotor through Technology Readiness Levels 8-9. During this stage of development, the rotor will be redesigned to further increase efficiency, match the rotor to a more suitable generator, and lower the cost of manufacturing by redesigning the structure to allow for production in larger quantities at lower cost. Before taking the rotor to market and commercialization, it is necessary to further optimize the performance by finding a better generator and autofurling system, ones more suitable for lower wind speeds and rpms should be used in all future testing. The potential impact of this fully developed technology will be the expansion and proliferation of energy renewal into the heretofore untapped Class 2, 3, 4, and 5 Wind Sites, or the large underutilized sites where the wind speed is broken by physical features such as mountains, buildings, and trees. Market estimates by 2011, if low wind speed technology can be developed are well above: 13 million homes, 675,000 commercial buildings, 250,000 public facilities. Estimated commercial exploitation of the Hi-Q Rotor show potential increase in U.S. energy gained through the clean, renewable wind energy found in low and very low wind speed sites. This new energy source would greatly impact greenhouse emissions as well as the public sector's growing energy demands.

Todd E. Mills; Judy Tatum

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

18

A novel rotor position estimation approach for an 8/6 solid rotor switched reluctance motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Switched reluctance motor (SRM) is becoming popular due to its simple construction, low manufacturing cost, ruggedness and fault-tolerant capability. In conventional switched reluctance motor (SRM), rotor is laminated. But in solid rotor switched reluctance ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Rotor position estimation, Solid rotor switched reluctance motor, Two-phase excitation

L. Jessi Sahaya Shanthi; R. Arumugam; Y. K. Taly

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Probabilistic analysis of meanline compressor rotor performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses variability in aerodynamic performance of a compressor rotor due to geometric variation. The performance of the rotor is computed using a meanline model that includes the effect of tip clearance ...

Fitzgerald, Nathan Andrew, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn. 5 figs.

Hultgren, K.G.; McLaurin, L.D.; Bertsch, O.L.; Lowe, P.E.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Turbomachine rotor with improved cooling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine rotor has an essentially closed loop cooling air scheme in which cooling air drawn from the compressor discharge air that is supplied to the combustion chamber is further compressed, cooled, and then directed to the aft end of the turbine rotor. Downstream seal rings attached to the downstream face of each rotor disc direct the cooling air over the downstream disc face, thereby cooling it, and then to cooling air passages formed in the rotating blades. Upstream seal rings attached to the upstream face of each disc direct the heated cooling air away from the blade root while keeping the disc thermally isolated from the heated cooling air. From each upstream seal ring, the heated cooling air flows through passages in the upstream discs and is then combined and returned to the combustion chamber from which it was drawn.

Hultgren, Kent Goran (Winter Park, FL); McLaurin, Leroy Dixon (Winter Springs, FL); Bertsch, Oran Leroy (Titusville, FL); Lowe, Perry Eugene (Oviedo, FL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Characterization of an aerodynamic lens for transmitting particles greater than 1 micrometer in diameter into the Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have designed and characterized a new inlet and aerodynamic lens for the Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) that transmits particles between 80 nm and more than 3 ?m in vacuum aerodynamic diameter. The design of ...

Williams, L. R.

23

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Radial-Radial Single Rotor Turbine A rotor for use in turbine applications has a radial compressor/pump having radially disposed spaced apart fins forming passages and a radial turbine having hollow turbine blades interleaved with the fins and through which fluid from the radial compressor/pump flows. The rotor can, in some applications, be used to produce electrical power. U.S. Patent No.: 7,044,718 (DOE S-100,626) Patent Application Filing Date: July 8, 2003 Patent Issue Date: May 16, 2006 Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). View terms and a sample license agreement.

24

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Design and Field Test SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Design and Field Test This report documents the design, fabrication, and testing of the SMART Wind Turbine Rotor. This work...

25

Sandia National Laboratories: The Influence of Rotor Blade Design...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Rotor Testbed (NRT) includes research to quantify the degree to which the blade design load distribution influences the rotor near- and mid-wake velocity deficits and...

26

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

27

Acoustic modulation effect of rotating stator/rotor interaction noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

order, B(k) is the number of rotor blades, (k) is the angular velocity of the rotor, (l) is the angular on the rotor blades and on the fixed parts. According to the Ffowcs-Williams and Hawk- ings analogy comes from the periodic forces on the rotor blades and the forces on the other static parts of the fan

Boyer, Edmond

28

Safety Warnings Quad Rotors (Quad-Pilot 2 F.3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Warnings Quad Rotors (Quad-Pilot 2 F.3) The quad rotor "quad-pilot 2 F.3" is a complicated accidents from taking place. Operation of the quad rotor should be performed in a safe and responsible not accept any liability for damage and consequent damage arising from the use of the quad rotors, as we have

Langendoen, Koen

29

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A carbon nanotube bearing and Stodola rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A nano-scale rotor supported on a cantilevered multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) shaft (Stodola configuration) is proposed. The nanotube is also expected to function as the bearing, since individual walls of a MWNT are not ...

Cook, Eugene Hightower

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Turbine bearings and rotor dynamics workshop: proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An EPRI workshop to address turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics was co-hosted by Detroit Edison in Dearborn, Michigan on September 8-10, 1982. The 136 attendees represented a broad spectrum of US utilities, equipment manufacturers, and consultants, as well as representatives from England, Japan, and Switzerland. These proceedings contain the text of the formal presentations as well as summaries of the working group sessions which were devoted to topics of particular interest to the workshop participants. Formal presentations were organized under the following general session titles: utility experience and advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; recent advancements in turbine bearing and lubrication systems; utility experience and advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics; and recent advancements in turbine-generator rotor dynamics. In addition to the technical presentations, working group sessions were held on selected topics relevant to turbine bearing reliability improvement and rotor dynamics. These groups provided a forum for engineers to exchange ideas and information in a less formal environment. The discussions provided attendees with an opportunity to discuss key issues in more detail and address subjects not covered in the formal presentations. The subjects of these working groups were: rotor dynamic analysis and problem solving; vibration signature analysis and field balancing; oil contamination monitoring and control; and operation and maintenance practices. Individual papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA.

Brown, R.G.; Quilliam, J.F. (eds.)

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

MHK Technologies/Wave Rotor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotor Rotor < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Wave Rotor.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ecofys Subsidiary of Econcern Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/C Energy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The Wave Rotor uses a combined Darrieus-Wells rotor, which is contained on the same vertical axis of rotation. These are respectively omni- and bi-directional rotors that can operate in currents of changing directions. The Wave Rotor is mounted on a platform to allow for the capture of wave energy from circulating water particles created by local currents. Since it uses two types of rotor on a single axis of rotation it is able to convert not only tidal currents, but also waves into electricity.

33

Accelerator dynamics of a fractional kicked rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the Weyl fractional derivative can quantize an open system. A fractional kicked rotor is studied in the framework of the fractional Schrodinger equation. The system is described by the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian by virtue of the Weyl fractional derivative. Violation of space symmetry leads to acceleration of the orbital momentum. Quantum localization saturates this acceleration, such that the average value of the orbital momentum can be a direct current and the system behaves like a ratchet. The classical counterpart is a nonlinear kicked rotor with absorbing boundary conditions.

A. Iomin

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aerodynamics of Rotors in Forward Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aerodynamics of Rotors in Forward Flight The prediction of rotor blade aerodynamic loads, especially in forward flight, requires accurate and efficient modeling of several distinct to the nonlinear interaction between the rotor aerodynamics, trim, aeroelasticity and blade dynamics. As stated

35

Texas Fluid Dynamics Meeting, 2013 STABILITY OF ROTOR WAKES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al.(2000) [1] did eigenvalue stability analysis on multi-bladed helicopter rotor wakes and found, of multi-bladed helicopter rotor wake. Despite various analytical, numerical and flow visualiza- tion-scale four- bladed helicopter rotor in hover [6,7], revealed some impor- tant observations. Investigations

Tinney, Charles E.

36

Modeling of a rotor speed transient response with radial rubbing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by an accidental blade­off imbalance. In order to assess the angular deceleration of the rotor due to rubbingModeling of a rotor speed transient response with radial rubbing Sébastien Roques1 Institut deGill Univer- sity, 817 Sherbrooke St West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6, Canada Abstract A rotor­stator model

Boyer, Edmond

37

Voith High Efficiency HM Rotor Energy Data, A Repulper Rotor Design Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently completed demonstration project, funded partly by the Wisconsin Focus on Energy program and Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, shows the effectiveness of an energy efficient repulper rotor design compared with that of a conventional...

Aue, J.; Fineran, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

TIP DESENSITIZATION OF AN AXIAL TURBINE ROTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flow causes total pressure loss and significantly reduces turbine stage efficiency. Tip leakage relatedCC-63 TIP DESENSITIZATION OF AN AXIAL TURBINE ROTOR USING PARTIAL SQUEALER RIMS Debashis Dey1 of full and partial-length squealer rims in a turbine stage. Full and partial-length squealer rims

Camci, Cengiz

39

Tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standards for tightening procedures for large diameter anchor bolts are proposed. These bolts, 38 mm (I 1/2 in.) in diameter or greater, are widely used in highway appurtenance. In current practices, the contractor is left to his or her own...

Abraham, Ryan Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

Utilization of rotor kinetic energy storage for hybrid vehicles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the power system comprises an electric machine (12) further comprising a first excitation source (47), a permanent magnet rotor (28) and a magnetic coupling rotor (26) spaced from the permanent magnet rotor and at least one second excitation source (43), the magnetic coupling rotor (26) also including a flywheel having an inertial mass to store kinetic energy during an initial acceleration to an operating speed; and wherein the first excitation source is electrically connected to the second excitation source for power cycling such that the flywheel rotor (26) exerts torque on the permanent magnet rotor (28) to assist braking and acceleration of the permanent magnet rotor (28) and consequently, the vehicle. An axial gap machine and a radial gap machine are disclosed and methods of the invention are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Dynamical Localization in Kicked Quantum Rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The periodically $\\delta$-kicked quantum linear rotor is known to experience non-classical bounded energy growth due to quantum dynamical localization in angular momentum space. We study the effect of random deviations of the kick period in simulations and experiments. This breaks the energy and angular momentum localization and increases the rotational alignment, which is the analog of the onset of Anderson localization in 1-D chains.

Kamalov, Andrei; Bucksbaum, Philip H

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless dc motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a brushless dc permanent magnet motor for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. It comprises first and second substantially flat, generally cylindrical stators disposed in side by side relation; a first substantially flat, generally cylindrical rotor; a first shaft connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft connected to the second rotor; and means for providing rotation of the first and second shafts in opposite directions.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailery, J.M.

1992-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

43

Rotor for processing liquids using movable capillary tubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotor assembly for processing liquids, especially whole blood samples, is disclosed. The assembly includes apparatus for separating non-liquid components of whole blood samples from liquid components, apparatus for diluting the separated liquid component with a diluent and apparatus for transferring the diluted sample to an external apparatus for analysis. The rotor assembly employs several movable capillary tubes to handle the sample and diluents. A method for using the rotor assembly to process liquids is also described. 5 figs.

Johnson, W.F.; Burtis, C.A.; Walker, W.A.

1987-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

44

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

45

Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

46

Precision wire feeder for small diameter wire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a device for feeding small diameter wire having a diameter less than .04 mm (16 mil) to a welding station which includes a driving wheel for controllably applying a non-deforming driving force to the wire to move the free end of the wire towards the welding station; and a tension device such as a torque motor for constantly applying a reverse force to the wire in opposition to the driving force to keep the wire taut. 1 fig.

Brandon, E.D.; Hooper, F.M.; Reichenbach, M.L.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

Adaptive rotor current control for wind-turbine driven DFIG using resonant controllers in a rotor rotating reference frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an adaptive rotor current controller for doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG), which consists of a proportional (P...? slip+ and ? slip?..., respectively. As a...

Jia-bing Hu; Yi-kang He; Hong-sheng Wang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - aero-elasticity rotor aerodynamics Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: HVDC 12;Rotor aero-elastics and structural dynamics 12;Aerodynamics for wind turbines Flow over... and components Rotor aero-elastics and structural dynamics Grid...

49

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program...

50

Vibration Control of Multi-Mode Rotor-Bearing Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

8 March 1983 research-article Vibration Control of Multi-Mode Rotor-Bearing...least-squares method to minimize the vibration of any general rotor-bearing system...to implement the open-loop adaptive vibration control strategies outlined in the paper...

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless DC motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brushless dc permanent magnet motor drives an autonomous underwater vehe. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators axially spaced, each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil, and first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and a drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shafts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs of rotors mounted on opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Lasing in microdisks of ultrasmall diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is demonstrated by calculations and experimental results that room-temperature lasing can be obtained at the ground-state optical transition of InAs/InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots in optical microcavities with a record-small diameter of 1.5 ?m. In 1-?m cavities, lasing occurs at the wavelength of one of the whispering-gallery modes within the band corresponding to the first excited-state optical transition.

Zhukov, A. E., E-mail: zhukale@gmail.com; Kryzhanovskaya, N. V.; Maximov, M. V.; Lipovskii, A. A.; Savelyev, A. V.; Bogdanov, A. A.; Shostak, I. I.; Moiseev, E. I.; Karpov, D. V. [St. Petersburg Academic University—Nanotechnology Research and Education Center, Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Laukkanen, J. [University of Eastern Finland, Institute of Photonics (Finland); Tommila, J. [Tampere University of Technology, Optoelectronics Research Centre (Finland)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as Optically Tunable Transparent Conductors Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Diameter-Refined Metallic Carbon Nanotubes as...

54

Department of Computer Engineering Spring 2010 Boeing Wind Tunnel Rotor Flight Simulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Computer Engineering Spring 2010 Boeing Wind Tunnel Rotor Flight Simulator the construction of a wind tunnel rotor flight simulator. The program should allow the pilot to change the rotor and comfortable simulator with the following parts: A rotor controller, a wind tunnel controller, a graphical

Demirel, Melik C.

55

AIAA-982909 Characterization of the Near Wake of a Helicopter Rotor*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Technology. Abstract Vortex characteristics in the near wake of a 2-bladed teetering rotor in steady forward to be repeatable to within 1° of rotor revolution. Velocity was measured in the planes intersected by the rotor-blade blade side of the rotor. The axial velocity in all cases is wake-like, being directed towards the blade

56

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION -Part I UH60A Rotor in High Speed Forward Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rotor for a number of hover and forward flight conditions. This rotor is a four-bladed configuration.2: Geometric Twist Distribution for the UH-60A Rotor In the experiment, the blades were trimmed to eliminate the one-per-rev flapping. The rotor blade sectional twist including elastic deformation is available

57

Reference Model 2: %22Rev 0%22 Rotor Design.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The preliminary design for a three-bladed cross-flow rotor for a reference marine hydrokinetic turbine is presented. A rotor performance design code is described, along with modifications to the code to allow prediction of blade support strut drag as well as interference between two counter-rotating rotors. The rotor is designed to operate in a reference site corresponding to a riverine environment. Basic rotor performance and rigid-body loads calculations are performed to size the rotor elements and select the operating speed range. The preliminary design is verified with a simple finite element model that provides estimates of bending stresses during operation. A concept for joining the blades and support struts is developed and analyzed with a separate finite element analysis. Rotor mass, production costs, and annual energy capture are estimated in order to allow calculations of system cost-of-energy. Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd Evaluation Only. Created with Aspose.Pdf.Kit. Copyright 2002-2011 Aspose Pty Ltd

Barone, Matthew F.; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Griffith, Daniel

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Thread gauge for measuring thread pitch diameters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thread gauge which attaches to a vernier caliper to measure the thread pitch diameter of both externally threaded and internally threaded parts is disclosed. A pair of anvils are externally threaded with threads having the same pitch as those of the threaded part. Each anvil is mounted on a stem having a ball on which the anvil can rotate to properly mate with the parts to which the anvils are applied. The stems are detachably secured to the caliper blades by attachment collars having keyhole openings for receiving the stems and caliper blades. A set screw is used to secure each collar on its caliper blade. 2 figs.

Brewster, A.L.

1985-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

Thread gauge for measuring thread pitch diameters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thread gauge which attaches to a vernier caliper to measure the thread pitch diameter of both externally threaded and internally threaded parts. A pair of anvils are externally threaded with threads having the same pitch as those of the threaded part. Each anvil is mounted on a stem having a ball on which the anvil can rotate to properly mate with the parts to which the anvils are applied. The stems are detachably secured to the caliper blades by attachment collars having keyhole openings for receiving the stems and caliper blades. A set screw is used to secure each collar on its caliper blade.

Brewster, Albert L. (R.R. 2, Box 190A, Pleasant Hill, MO 64080)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Research on a novel Rotor Structure Switched Reluctance Motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper proposes a novel switched reluctance motor with improved rotor structure, in which the segment core is embedded in aluminum rotor block in order to increase the mechanical strength and easy manufacturing as well as to improve the performance characteristics and reduce the vibration and acoustic noise. The effect of design parameters on the average torque is investigated using the finite element method. Comparison with conventional VR type SRM and segment type SRM without conductive metal construction rotor show the proposed novel SRM has advantages in the torque performances and the vibration and noise characteristics. The performance is also investigated by experiment.

Lingquan Zeng; Haiwei Yu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Rotational Correlation Function of Spherical Rotors and Neutron Scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Function of Spherical Rotors and Neutron Scattering Juichiro Hama Tuto Nakamura...Correlation Effect on the Slow Neutron Scattering by Polyatomic Molecules with...A. , Kowalska A. Thermal Neutron Scattering-Egelstaff P. A., ed......

Juichiro Hama; Tuto Nakamura

1971-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Lean implementation across value stream in main rotor blade area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary goal for this project was to help expand the existing capability of Sikorsky's main rotor blade business from raw material (titanium) through final assembly. The project helped to facilitate the ongoing lean ...

Phoenix, Casey J. (Casey John)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Motor Using High Temperature Superconductor as a Rotor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is found that a high temperature superconductor rotates in the rotating magnetic field at ... authors and a small motor is made using high temperature superconductor as a rotor. This motor rotates at...

Makoto Takenaka; Masaharu Minami; Kazuo Morimoto

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Optimization of cylindrical composite flywheel rotors for energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We hope that our efforts will contribute towards the design of flywheel rotors that have higher energy densities and ... that this can contribute to a future electricity grid that can accommodate renewable energy...

Petrus J. Janse van Rensburg…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Manufacturing and properties of newly developed 9%CrMoVNiNbN high-pressure low-pressure rotor shaft forging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to obtain the improved strength and toughness for high-pressure low-pressure rotor shaft forging, fundamental studies using laboratory heats were performed on the 9CrMoV base materials, and effects of chemistry on toughness and creep rupture strength were investigated. From the investigation, it is showed that the superclean 9CrMoVNiNbN steel with reduced Si and Mn contents and Ni addition provides a superior strength versus toughness balance. Based on these fundamental studies, a trial high-pressure low-pressure rotor shaft forging with diameter of low-pressure section of 1,750 mm and diameter of high-pressure section of 1,200 mm was successfully manufactured from the diameter of 1,800 mm, and the weight of 65 ton ESR ingot. From the evaluation test results of this trial rotor forging, homogeneous distribution of chemistry was confirmed and low impurity contents was observed in the whole forging. The superior strength and toughness were confirmed with good creep rupture strength. The FATT at the center of low-pressure section was {minus}3 C with the tensile strength level of 870 MPa. From the results of fracture toughness test, low cycle fatigue test, and isothermal aging test, superior mechanical properties were demonstrated. Thus, the superclean 9CrMoVNiNbN steel with reduced Si and Mn contents and Ni addition, is particularly suitable for the high-pressure low-pressure rotor material for advanced combined cycle power plants.

Azuma, Tsukasa; Tanaka, Yasuhiko; Ishiguro, Tohru; Yoshida, Hajime; Ikeda, Yasumi [Japan Steel Works, Muroran (Japan)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Effect of a straight teeth-on-rotor labyrinth seal on rotordynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the stiffness and STATOR AIR FLOW ROTOR STATOR Teeth-on-Stator Seal Teeth-on-Rotor Seal Figure 2. Two Types of Labyrinth Seal Configurations Figure 3. Teeth-on-Rotor Labyrinth Seal Figure 4. Teeth-on-Rotor Labyrinth Seals Installed on Rotor damping... of the test rig is shown in Figure 6. Sea 2 Eddy Probes al 90 (Plane 1) Rotor 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 Eddy Probes at 90' (Plans 3) Anti-swirl Vane ? Flywheel 0-Rings 0-Ring 3 Compressed Air Cannon)iona 120' Apart Labyrinth Seal Area Seal...

Zierer, Joseph John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

67

ccsd00003793, Room temperature Peierls distortion in small diameter nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanotubes D. Conn#19;etable, 1 G.-M. Rignanese, 2, 3 J.-C. Charlier, 2, 3 and X. Blase 1 1 Laboratoire de structure and electron-phonon coupling in small 4- #23; A diameter nanotubes. We show that both the C(5 the diameter decreases. These results question the origin of superconductivity in small diameter nanotubes

68

Imbalance response of a rigid rotor supported on end sealed integral squeeze film dampers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-up*' the bearings and produce large oibits at the midspan of the flexible rotor San Andres and Lubell (1997) perform experiments in a three-disk rigid rotor supported on conventional open ended SFDs, and report damping force coefiicients estimated from..., rendering nearly uniform damping coefficients for rotor orbit motions up to 50'/o of the clearance. The tests show the absence of any rotor jump phenomena. San Andrds and Lubell stress the importance of an adequate identification of the structural damping...

De Santiago Duran, Oscar Cesar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Physical bases for the design of highly efficient rotors in centrifugal pumps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1. Existing notions concerning optimum (less than 40°) angles of blade inclination in the rotors of centrifugal ...

P. R. Khlopenkov

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Phase modulated rotor angle encoder for switched reluctance motor drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensor. In an inexpensive systein, the rotor position sensor comprises of a magnetized ring along with Hall etfect sensors or opto-interrupters with slotted clisk. An optical sensor has a, light emitting diode which acts as a light transmitter, enid a... sensor. In an inexpensive systein, the rotor position sensor comprises of a magnetized ring along with Hall etfect sensors or opto-interrupters with slotted clisk. An optical sensor has a, light emitting diode which acts as a light transmitter, enid a...

Mahajan, Shailendra

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

71

Vibration analysis of rotor systems using reduced subsystem models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the relative motion between the rotor and housing. A detailed analysis of this hydrodynamic coupling force is given in Ref. 1B to 20. Aerodynamic cross-coupling forces are developed when the fluid flows through blades causing a back-flow phenomenon...] is the diagonal matrix of assumed modal damping ratios. In case there are only the coupling forces (FC) at the connecting points to the rotor, the 3l transposed modal matrix [ASS] in equation (44) can 1T further be reduced to sub-matrices corresponding...

Fan, Uei-Jiun

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic, rotor blade, wind turbine INTRODUCTION There are several publications of non destructive damage

Boyer, Edmond

73

American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics DEVELOPMENT OF UNSTEADINESS IN A ROTOR WAKE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- speed forward flight (or cross-wind), where the wake is swept behind the rotor, the effect of ground1 American Institute of Aeronautics Astronautics DEVELOPMENT OF UNSTEADINESS IN A ROTOR WAKE Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 ABSTRACT The flow field around the rotor in ground

74

LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING to simulated vibrations of a rotating rotor. KEYWORDS : wind turbine blade, rotor anisotropy, Floquet analysis, OMA INTRODUCTION Blades of modern wind turbines are complex high-tech structures, and their cost

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

BASIC CONTROL FOR FOUR ROTOR AUTONOMOUS AERIAL AGENT JONATHAN MCLEAN, CONNECTICUT COLLEGE, USA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more difficult to control, requiring minute adjustments to individual rotor blades, as well as tailBASIC CONTROL FOR FOUR ROTOR AUTONOMOUS AERIAL AGENT JONATHAN MCLEAN, CONNECTICUT COLLEGE, USA platform is required. Our four-rotor platform provides researchers with a inexpensive, fully scalable test

Parker, Gary B.

76

Reduction of multi-stage disk models: Application to an industrial rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rotor into sectors. The bladed disks are coupled by intermediate rings which remove the problem that of a small portion, typically a bladed sector. This configuration no longer holds in real rotors due with multi-stage rotors. However, as underlined by Bladh et al.6 , the critical point is the choice

Boyer, Edmond

77

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Part II AH-1G ROTOR IN LOW SPEED DESCENT FLIGHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, results are presented for a two-bladed AH-1G rotor in a low-speed descent condition. In low speed forward and Acoustics Test (TAAT) was conducted on an AH-1G Cobra. It used highly instrumented rotor blades direction. The inner Navier-Stokes zone includes about 39% of the total grid points. The rotor has

78

Magnetic induction of low-carbon steel for generator rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steels containing 0.11–0.17% C and 4.5–4.6% Ni have higher magnetic induction than steels 25KhN3MFA and 35KhN3MFA which at present are used for generator rotors.

O. V. Filimonova; I. A. Borisov; A. M. Shkatova…

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Single Molecular Rotor at the Nanoscale Christian Joachim1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

�schlikon, Switzerland E-mail: gim@zurich.ibm.com The design of a monomolecular engine such as a rotating motor ®rst requires the preparation of a semi-classical rotating motion of the rotor part of the engine. We show versions of machines in our daily life, using the same working principles such as, for instance, a steam

Gimzewski, James

80

SUPERVISORY ADAPTIVE BALANCING OF RIGID ROTORS DURING ACCELERATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

machining spindles, industrial turbomachinery, and aircraft gas turbine engines, are very commonly used strategy is proposed to coordinate the parameter estimation and the balancer control action. Simulation acceleration transient time will be developed based on a rigid rotor model. The actuator used in this research

Zhou, Shiyu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

82

Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Jump to: navigation, search Name Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) Place Bremen, Germany Zip 28239 Sector Wind energy Product Service company for wind turbine blades and towers. References Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) is a company located in Bremen, Germany . References ↑ "Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Deutsche_Rotor_und_Turm_Service_GmbH_Co_KG_DRTS&oldid=344202" Categories:

83

THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF NCHROMOSOME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF N­CHROMOSOME GENOMES Jon Kleinberg David Liben similarity among genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natural but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

Kleinberg, Jon

84

Active Flow Control on Bidirectional Rotors for Tidal MHK Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) tidal turbine extracts energy from tidal currents, providing clean, sustainable electricity generation. In general, all MHK conversion technologies are confronted with significant operational hurdles, resulting in both increased capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. To counter these high costs while maintaining reliability, MHK turbine designs can be simplified. Prior study found that a tidal turbine could be cost-effectively simplified by removing blade pitch and rotor/nacelle yaw. Its rotor would run in one direction during ebb and then reverse direction when the current switched to flood. We dubbed such a turbine a bidirectional rotor tidal turbine (BRTT). The bidirectional hydrofoils of a BRTT are less efficient than conventional hydrofoils and capture less energy, but the elimination of the pitch and yaw systems were estimated to reduce levelized cost of energy by 7.8%-9.6%. In this study, we investigated two mechanisms for recapturing some of the performance shortfall of the BRTT. First, we developed a novel set of hydrofoils, designated the yy series, for BRTT application. Second, we investigated the use of active flow control via microtabs. Microtabs are small deployable/retractable tabs, typically located near the leading or trailing edge of an air/hydrofoil with height on the order of the boundary layer thickness (1% - 2% of chord). They deploy approximately perpendicularly to the foil surface and, like gurney flaps and plain flaps, globally affect the aerodynamics of the airfoil. By strategically placing microtabs and selectively deploying them based on the direction of the inflow, performance of a BRTT rotor can be improved while retaining bidirectional operation. The yy foils were computationally designed and analyzed. They exhibited better performance than the baseline bidirectional foil, the ellipse. For example, the yyb07cn-180 had 14.7% higher (l/d)max than an ellipse of equal thickness. The yyb07cn family also had higher c{sub p,min} than equivalently thick ellipses, indicating less susceptibility to cavitation. Microtabs applied on yy foils demonstrated improved energy capture. A series of variable speed and constant speed rotors were developed with the yyb07cn family of hydrofoils. The constant speed yyb07cn rotor (yy-B02-Rcs,opt) captured 0.45% more energy than the equivalent rotor with ellipses (e-B02-Rcs,opt). With microtabs deployed (yy?t-B02-Rcs,opt), the energy capture increase over the rotor with ellipses was 1.05%. Note, however, that microtabs must be applied judiciously to bidirectional foils. On the 18% thick ellipse, performance decreased with the addition of microtabs. Details of hydrofoil performance, microtab sizing and positioning, rotor configurations, and revenue impacts are presented herein.

Shiu, Henry [Research Engineer; van Dam, Cornelis P. [Professor

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

85

Adaptor assembly for coupling turbine blades to rotor disks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptor assembly for coupling a blade root of a turbine blade to a root slot of a rotor disk is described. The adaptor assembly includes a turbine blade having a blade root and an adaptor body having an adaptor root. The adaptor body defines a slot having an open end configured to receive the blade root of the turbine blade such that the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are adjacent to one another when the blade root of the turbine blade is positioned within the slot. Both the adaptor root of the adaptor body and the blade root of the turbine blade are configured to be received within the root slot of the rotor disk.

Garcia-Crespo, Andres Jose; Delvaux, John McConnell

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sys (2013-2014) #12;10 System SW view joystick QR PC link PC lift roll pitch yaw sensorsES joystickIn4073 Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV #12;2 TE0300 FPGA System HW view), pitch rate (M), and yaw rate (N) (see qrsim for example!) x z y engine 4 engine 3 engine 2 engine 1 In

Langendoen, Koen

87

Investigation of Wind Turbine Rotor Concepts for Offshore Wind Farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current plans in offshore wind energy developments call for further reduction of cost of energy. In order to contribute to this goal, several wind turbine rotor concepts have been investigated. Assuming the future offshore wind turbines will operate only in the offshore wind farms, the rotor concepts are not only evaluated for their stand-alone performances and their potential in reducing the loads, but also for their performance in an offshore wind farm. In order to do that, the 10MW reference wind turbine designed in Innwind.EU project is chosen as baseline. Several rotor parameters have been modified and their influences are investigated for offshore wind turbine design purposes. This investigation is carried out as a conceptual parametrical study. All concepts are evaluated numerically with BOT (Blade optimisation tool) software in wind turbine level and with Farmflow software in wind farm level for two wind farm layouts. At the end, all these concepts are compared with each other in terms of their advantages and disadvantages.

Özlem Ceyhan; Francesco Grasso

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Investigation of rotor blade roughness effects on turbine performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cold air test program was completed on the SSME (Space Shuttle Main Engine) HPFTP (High-Pressure Fuel Turbopump) turbine with production nozzle vane rings and polished coated rotor blades with a smooth surface finish of 30[mu]in. (0.76 [mu]m) rms (root mean square). The smooth blades were polished by an abrasive flow machining process. The test results were compared with the air test results from production rough-coated rotor blades with a surface finish of up to 400 [mu]in. (10.16 [mu]m) rms. Turbine efficiency was higher for the smooth blades over the entire range tested. Efficiency increased 2.1 percentage points at the SSME 104 percent RPL (Rated Power Level) conditions. This efficiency improvement could reduce the SSME HPFTP turbine inlet temperature by 57 R (32K), increasing turbine durability. The turbine flow parameter increased and the midspan outlet swirl angle became more axial with the smooth rotor blades.

Boynton, J.L.; Tabibzadeh, R. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.); Hudson, S.T. (NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the adaptation of a wind turbine performance code for use in the development of a general use design code and optimization method for stall-regulated horizontal-axis hydrokinetic turbine rotors. This rotor optimization code couples a modern genetic algorithm and blade-element momentum performance code in a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI) that allows for rapid and intuitive design of optimal stall-regulated rotors. This optimization method calculates the optimal chord, twist, and hydrofoil distributions which maximize the hydrodynamic efficiency and ensure that the rotor produces an ideal power curve and avoids cavitation. Optimizing a rotor for maximum efficiency does not necessarily create a turbine with the lowest cost of energy, but maximizing the efficiency is an excellent criterion to use as a first pass in the design process. To test the capabilities of this optimization method, two conceptual rotors were designed which successfully met the design objectives.

Sale, D.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

B2223 High Temperature Superconductor Wires in Silver Sheath, Filament Diameter Effect on Critical Temperature and Current Density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

B2223 High Temperature Superconductor (HTSC) has been prepared as a pellet by solid state reaction. Then, HTSC wires were fabricated from the prepared superconductor using powder in tube (PIT) method utilizing silver as the tube material. Superconductor powder was packed in the pure silver tube of about 4.5 mm diameter, and 50 mm long. The prepared wires are of three types; with monofilament MOF, 9 multifilament core (9MF) and 81 filaments core(81MF). Several cycles of mechanical are drawing and rolling process performed to the starting silver tube of 0.4 cm diameter and 5 cm length and 0.35 mm thickness to minimize the filament diameter. The average filament diameter of MoC with 0.7 mm SC core which was produce by the first step of drawing, the second 9 MF wire with nine multifilament wire of 0.175 mm diameter for each filament,while the 81MFC wire filament diameter was about 25 ?m for each filament measured with an optical microscope. All the three types of wires were with same outer diameter of 0.9 mm. Tc critical temperature for superconductivity is measured for the pellet and wires using four point probes techniques. The critical temperature for the pellet is 110 °K, for the monofilament MOF is 112.5 °K and for 9 filaments 9MF was found is 117°K; while the Tc the 81MF was 119.5°K. The critical current density for the 9MF and 81MF wires were found higher than that of the monofilament MOF in spite of the smaller filament diameters of the 9 MF and 81MF. X-ray diffraction pattern shows the high Tc phase of B2223 compounds in addition to low phase, of B2212 compounds. The I-V curves for the three different wires show higher current density for 81 MF wire, while the optical microscope picture shows more grains alignment . MOC and 9 MF wires show misalignment grains.

Akram R. Jabur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program Turning Waste Heat into Power: Ener-G-Rotors and the Entrepreneurial Mentorship Program March 16, 2011 - 4:55pm Addthis Ener-G-Rotors' 5kW prototype system | courtesy of Ener-G-Rotors Ener-G-Rotors' 5kW prototype system | courtesy of Ener-G-Rotors April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs If you've ever driven by an industrial plant, you've probably noticed big white plumes rising from the tops of the facilities. While it might look like smoke or pollution at first glance, most of the time those white plumes are comprised of steam and heat, or what Ener-G-Rotors CEO Michael Newell calls waste heat. Mike and the researchers of Ener-G-Rotors are finding ways to use this

92

Design Assessments of a Magnetic-geared Double-rotor Permanent Magnet Generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research is to provide systematic design of a permanent magnet (PM) generator, by adopting the double-rotor and the coaxial magnetic gear… (more)

Chung, He-Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic rotor model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and simulation, both steady-state and transient, and rotor balancing of both subcritical and supercritical ... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program...

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric rotor model Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and simulation, both steady-state and transient, and rotor balancing of both subcritical and supercritical ... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Fossil Energy Program...

95

Notes 05. Dynamics of a simple rotor-fluid film bearing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?t e Static load u Rigid shaft Figure 5.1. Rigid rotor supported on journal bearings. (u) imbalance, (e) journal eccentricity Updated 09/04/09 ORIGIN 1:= rotor properties bearing 2MK rot DATA for rotor W T 500 lbf?:= Rotor weight Load per... cR? L? ? n ? ? n ? 60000?:= effective viscosity: deg-C (actual) ?_ n ? supply e ?? T eff n T supply ? () ? ?:= Journal Attitude angle ? n atan ? 1 ? n() 2 ?? 4 ? n ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 180 ? ?:= Calculations STATIC LOAD PERFORMANCE: journal cccentricity...

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Toughness of Cr-Mo-V steels for steam-turbine rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cr-Mo-V steels are used extensively as the rotor material in the High Pressure and Intermediate Pressure Sections of modern steam turbines. The toughness of these rotors has a major influence on the reliability and efficiency of the turbine and the overall economy of operation and maintenance of the plant. The metallurgical factors affecting the toughness of the rotors and the methods to improve the toughness are now understood better than ever before. This paper will present a broad overview of the materials and design aspects of the toughness of Cr-Mo-V rotors with emphasis on the salient results of recent research programs aimed at improving their toughness.

Viswanathan, R.; Jaffee, R.I.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Rotordynamic performance of a rotor supported on bump-type foil bearings: experiments and predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??????????...... 17 III-3 Test Rig for rotordynamic experiments of rotor supported on FBs???.. 19 III-4 Geometry of test rotor (0.98 kg, 2.12 lb)?????????????.. 20 III-5 Test rotor and test foil bearings for rotordynamic tests???????? 20 III-6 Miniature..., vertical plane (YFE)???????????????????? 48 IV-17 Waterfall plot of coastdown response for imbalance displacement u = 10.5 ?m (in phase, test A3). Air pressure at 34.4 kPa [5 psig] and measurements at rotor free end, vertical plane...

Rubio Tabares, Dario

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

98

Tuning thermal mismatch between turbine rotor parts with a thermal medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a turbine rotor, an aft shaft wheel and the final-stage wheel of the rotor are coupled together, including by a rabbeted joint. During shutdown and startup of the turbine, a thermal mismatch between the aft shaft wheel and final-stage wheel is avoided by respectively heating and cooling the aft shaft wheel to maintain the thermal mismatch within acceptable limits, thereby avoiding opening of the rabbeted joint and the potential for unbalancing the rotor and rotor vibration. The thermal medium may be supplied by piping in the aft bearing cavity into the cavity between the forward closure plate and the aft shaft wheel.

Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow in rotor-stator cavities with throughflow S in a rotor-stator cavity subjected to a superimposed throughflow with heat transfer. Nu- merical predictions field from the heat transfer process. The turbulent flux is approximated by a gradient hypothesis

Boyer, Edmond

100

ISABE-2005-1214 Optimum Applications of Four-Port Wave Rotors for Gas Turbines Enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ISABE-2005-1214 Optimum Applications of Four-Port Wave Rotors for Gas Turbines Enhancement Emmett investigations on wave rotor applications for gas turbines have been published, among them conceptual, analytical in the gas turbine industry. The results and conclusions are derived from a wide- range multi

Müller, Norbert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A complete and novel sensorless method for rotor position sensing in switched reluctance motor drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a complete and novel method which is designed to detect the rotor position at standstill and also low speeds in switched reluctance motor. The method applies a high frequency sine wave signal to the three successive stator pole windings ... Keywords: indirect rotor, position sensing in SRM, sensorless operation of SRM, switch reluctance motor

E. Afjei; M. M. Nezamabadi; A. Javeh

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-G Diagram Based Rotor Parameters Identification for Induction Motors Thermal Monitoring Mohamed: In this paper, an effective on-line method for induction motor parameter identification, especially rotor for each operating point. Computer simulations and experimental tests, carried out for a 4-kW four

Brest, Université de

103

RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comments are presented on comparison of stall-and pitch-regu- lated wind turbines and on two speed Shape factor (Weibull) Rotational speed Power Rotor radius Wind speed Rotor tip speed Tip speed ratio V is the wind speed at hub height, j> is the air density, #12;0 . 5 u ·p C

104

Dynamic Response of a Rotor-air Bearing System Due to Base Induced Periodic Motions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................. 20 Typical base motion induced accelerations..................................... 20 Rotor speed coast down tests .......................................................... 22... ............................................................. 16 6 Photograph of connection of shaker to test rig base plate.......................... 17 7 Typical measured base acceleration in time domain. Shaker excitation frequency: 6 Hz. Rotor speed = 34 krpm (567 Hz...

Niu, Yaying

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

105

RECENT ADVANCES IN SMART-MATERIAL ROTOR CONTROL ACTUATION. Victor Giurgiutiu*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECENT ADVANCES IN SMART-MATERIAL ROTOR CONTROL ACTUATION. Victor Giurgiutiu*, University of South achievements in the application of active-materials actuation to counteract aeroelastic and vibration effects and capabilities is done first. Attention is focused on the smart rotor-blade applications. The induced twist

Giurgiutiu, Victor

106

Viscosity, hard sphere diameter and interionic potential for liquid lead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-347 Viscosity, hard sphere diameter and interionic potential for liquid lead G. Chaussemy The Macedo-Litovitz equation for a hard sphere liquid provides a satisfactory model for the viscosity of lead and molecular dynamics. The activation energy for viscosity (0.07 eV) is similar to the height of the interionic

Boyer, Edmond

107

Planar velocity measurements in two rotorcraft flows are presented. The first is that of an isolated rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-light-based measurement system. The second flowfield is that of a rotor wake interacting with a fixed wing in a wind field. Isolated rotor in axial flight Substantial uncertainties remain in modeling the wake typical of a full-scale rotor wake. The clean periodicity of this flow allows capture of fundamental

108

VOL. 6, NO. 5, SEPT.-OCT. 1990 J. PROPULSION 621 Stator/Rotor Interaction in a Transonic Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the rotor blade, reflects upstream, and then reflects again off the stator blade Presented as Paper 88 and shows the large unsteadiness in the lift on the rotor blade. Basic NumericalMethod The flowfiVOL. 6, NO. 5, SEPT.-OCT. 1990 J. PROPULSION 621 Stator/Rotor Interaction in a Transonic Turbine

Giles, Mike

109

A rotor position estimator for switched reluctance motors using CMAC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to rotor position estimation in switched reluctance motors (SRMs) by using a cerebellum model articulation controller (CMAC). Previous research has shown that an artificial neural network (ANN) forms an efficient mapping structure through measurement of the flux linkages and currents for the phases. A CMAC is investigated in this paper in order to overcome the high computational power requirement problem that is encountered in a feedforward ANN based rotor position estimator. The CMAC structure does not contain neurons with activation functions, and all mathematical operations are performed without multiplication. These simplicities increase the throughput in real time implementation performed with conventional embedded controllers. However, the distributed memory structure of a CMAC requires more space. The issues involved in designing, training and implementing a CMAC are presented. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept, a 20 kW, 6/4, three phase SRM is studied with training and evaluation data, which are obtained from a simulation program. A CMAC that is based on experimentally measured training and testing data for the same SRM is also used to demonstrate the promise of this approach.

Erkan Mese

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Drilling Large Diameter Holes in Rocks Using Multiple Laser Beams  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Drilling Large Diameter Holes in Rocks Using Multiple Laser Beams (504) Drilling Large Diameter Holes in Rocks Using Multiple Laser Beams (504) Richard Parker,. Parker Geoscience Consulting, LLC, Arvada, Colorado, USA; Zhiyue Xu and Claude Reed, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA; Ramona Graves, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, USA; Brian Gahan and Samih Batarseh, Gas Technology Institute, Des Plaines, Illinois, USA ABSTRACT Studies on drilling petroleum reservoir rocks with lasers show that modern infrared lasers have the capability to spall (thermally fragment), melt and vaporize natural earth materials with the thermal spallation being the most efficient rock removal mechanism. Although laser irradiance as low as 1000 W/cm 2 is sufficient to spall rock, firing the

111

Assessment of research needs for wind turbine rotor materials technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind-driven power systems is a renewable energy technology that is still in the early stages of development. Wind power plants installed in early 1980s suffered structural failures chiefly because of incomplete understanding of wind forces (turbulent), in some cases because of poor product quality. Failures of rotor blades are now somewhat better understood. This committee has examined the experience base accumulated by wind turbines and the R and D programs sponsored by DOE. It is concluded that a wind energy system such as is described is within the capability of engineering practice; however because of certain gaps in knowledge, and the presence of only one major integrated manufacturer of wind power machines in the USA, a DOE R and D investment is still required.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Cooling system for a bearing of a turbine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a gas turbine, a bore tube assembly radially inwardly of an aft bearing conveys cooling steam to the buckets of the turbine and returns the cooling steam to a return. To cool the bearing and thermally insulate the bearing from the cooling steam paths, a radiation shield is spaced from the bore tube assembly by a dead air gap. Additionally, an air passageway is provided between the radiation shield and the inner surface of an aft shaft forming part of the rotor. Air is supplied from an inlet for flow along the passage and radially outwardly through bores in the aft shaft disk to cool the bearing and insulate it from transfer of heat from the cooling steam.

Schmidt, Mark Christopher (Niskayuna, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Axial thermal medium delivery tubes and retention plates for a gas turbine rotor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a multi-stage turbine rotor, tubes are disposed in openings adjacent the rotor rim for flowing a thermal medium to rotor buckets and returning spent thermal medium. The tubes have axially spaced lands of predetermined wall thickness with thin-walled tube sections between the lands and of increasing thickness from the forward to the aft ends of the tubes. A pair of retention plates are carried on the aft end face of the aft wheel and straddle the tube and engage against a shoulder on the tube to preclude displacement of the tube in an aft direction.

Mashey, Thomas Charles (Coxsackie, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A Case Study of Wide Diameter Casing for Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three wells have been drilled in the central resistivity area of a geothermal field in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Using a well bore simulator, WELL SIM V3.0, reservoir conditions and well characteristics are evaluated to determine the increase in output by increasing production casing diameters from either 8-5/8 inches OD or 9-5/8 inches OD to 13-3/8 inches OD. Increases in well drilling costs are determined to provide a commentary on the economics. While open hole size is effectively doubled, well costs increase by 10% and, in this study, output increases by an average of 18%.

King, T.R.; Freeston, D.H.; Winmill, R.L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Design trade-off study between efficiency and rotor forcing attenuation in a transonic turbine stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A multi-objective optimisation procedure was applied to the 3D design of a transonic turbine vane row, considering efficiency and stator outlet pressure distortion, which is directly related to the forcing induced in the rotor. The characteristic features that define different individuals along the Pareto Front were described, analysing the differences between high efficiency airfoils and low interaction. Pressure distortion was assessed by means of a model that requires only of the computation the steady flow field in the domain of the stator. The reduction of aerodynamic rotor forcing was validated via unsteady multistage aerodynamic computations carried out with NUMECA FINE TM / Turbo . A well known loss prediction method was used to perform total loss decomposition to quantify the influence on efficiency of reducing rotor forcing. Results show that when striving for efficiency, the rotor was affected by few, but intense shocks. On the other hand, when the objective was the minimisation of distortion, multiple shocks appeared.

Ricardo Puente; Guillermo Paniagua; Tom Verstraete

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

UPWIND, Aerodynamics and aero-elasticity Rotor aerodynamics in atmospheric shear flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UPWIND, Aerodynamics and aero-elasticity Rotor aerodynamics in atmospheric shear flow Niels N codes for wind turbines utilize aerodynamics based on BEM methods, see [1, 2]. For modern large scale

117

Study on Rotor-Side Converter of Doubly Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The doubly fed induction generator has been widely used in wind power ... power from the wind energer. But the generator speed changes, the output frequency will chang ... alter rotor excitation current, to maint...

Haihui Song; Tian De

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Identification of rotordynamic forces in a flexible rotor system using magnetic bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methods are presented for parameter identification of an annular gas seal on a flexiblerotor test rig. Dynamic loads are applied by magnetic bearings (MBs) that support the rotor. MB forces are measured using fiber-optic strain gauges...

Zutavern, Zachary Scott

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

119

Deflection Shape Reconstructions of a Rotating Five-blade Helicopter Rotor from TLDV Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Helicopters are aircraft machines which are subjected to high level of vibrations, mainly due to spinning rotors. These are made of two or more blades attached by hinges to a central hub, which can make the dynamic behaviour difficult to study. However, they share some common dynamic properties with the ones expected in bladed discs, thereby the analytical modelling of rotors can be performed using some assumptions as the ones adopted for the bladed discs. This paper presents results of a vibrations study performed on a scaled helicopter rotor model which was rotating at a fix rotational speed and excited by an air jet. A simplified analytical model of that rotor was also produced to help the identifications of the vibration patterns measured using a single point tracking-SLDV measurement method.

Fioretti, A.; Castellini, P.; Tomasini, E. P. [Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Ancona (Italy); Di Maio, D.; Ewins, D. J. [University of Bristol, Aerospace Department, Bristol (United Kingdom)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

An efficient algorithm for blade loss simulations applied to a high-order rotor dynamics problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, a novel approach is presented for blade loss simulation of an aircraft gas turbine rotor mounted on rolling element bearings with squeeze film dampers, seal rub and enclosed in a flexible housing. The modal truncation augmentation...

Parthasarathy, Nikhil Kaushik

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Spin-rotor Interpretation of Identical Bands and Quantized Alignment in Superdeformed A $\\approx$ 190 Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ``identical'' bands in superdeformed mercury, thallium, and lead nuclei are interpreted as examples of orbital angular momentum rotors with the weak spin-orbit coupling of pseudo-$SU(3)$ symmetries and supersymmetries.

J. A. Cizewski; R. Bijker

1995-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

A study of chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Numerous researchers have published a myriad of papers on the application of chaos theory to mechanical, electrical and biological systems. However, control theories of chaos have been in existence for only a decade and have not been applied to rotor...

Ortiz, Steven Rey

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

123

Effect of Cooling Flow on the Operation of a Hot Rotor-Gas Foil Bearing System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas foil bearings (GFBs) operating at high temperature rely on thermal management procedures that supply needed cooling flow streams to keep the bearing and rotor from overheating. Poor thermal management not only makes systems inefficient...

Ryu, Keun

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

124

Observation of coherence revival and fidelity saturation in a delta-kicked rotor potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally investigate the effect of atomic $\\delta$-kicked rotor potentials on the mutual coherence between wavepackets in an atom interferometer. The differential action of the kicked rotor degrades the mutual coherence, leading to a reduction of the interferometry fringe visibility; however, when the repetition rate of the kicked rotor is at or near the quantum resonance, we observe revival of matter-wave coherence as the number of kicks increases, resulting in non-vanishing coherence in the large kick number limit. This coherence saturation effect reflects a saturation of fidelity decay due to momentum displacements in deep quantum regime. The saturation effect is accompanied with an invariant distribution of matter-wave coherence under the kicked rotor perturbations.

Saijun Wu; Alexey Tonyushkin; Mara G. Prentiss

2008-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

An embedded controller for quad-rotor flying robots running distributed algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple collaborating quad-rotor flying robots are useful in a broad range of applications, from surveillance with onboard cameras to reconfiguration of wireless networks. For these applications, it is often advantageous ...

Julian, Brian John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Molecular dynamics of a grid-mounted molecular dipolar rotor in a rotating electric field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interesting. Analyses (23–25) of a one-dimensional string of rotors interacting by electrostatic forces suggest...consisting of two concentric carbon nanotubes in a linearly oscillating electric field. Our work differs in several respects...

Jaroslav Vacek; Josef Michl

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

How to improve open rotor aerodynamics at cruise and take-off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2014 University of Cambridge DRAFT – HOW TO IMPROVE OPEN ROTOR AERODYNAMICS AT CRUISE AND TAKE-OFF Cesare Hall, Alexios Zachariadis, Tobias Brandvik, Nishad Sohoni cah1003@cam.ac.uk University of Cambridge, Whittle... Laboratory 1 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0DY ABSTRACT A key challenge in open rotor design is getting the optimum aerodynamics at both the cruise and take-off conditions. This is particularly difficult because the operation and the requirements...

Hall, Cesare; Zachariadis, Alexios; Brandvik, Tobias; Sohoni, Nishad

128

Measurements of imbalance response for a rigid rotor fully supported on squeeze film dampers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENTS OF IMBALANCE RESPONSE FOR A RIGID ROTOR FULLY SUPPORTED ON SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS A Thesis by DANIEL ROGER LUBELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2000 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering MEASUREMENTS OF IMBALANCE RESPONSE FORA RIGID ROTOR FULLY SUPPORTED ON SQUEEZE FILM DAMPERS by DANIEL ROGER LUBELL Submitted to Texas AlbM University in partial...

Lubell, Daniel Roger

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Genetic icing effects on forward flight performance of a model helicopter rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering GENERIC ICING EFFECTS ON FORWARD FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF A MODEL HELICOPTER ROTOR A Thesis by ANA FIORELLA TINETTI-SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth D. Korkan...

Tinetti-Sanchez, Ana Fiorella

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

130

Control system for a wound-rotor motor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load switching circuit for switching two or more transformer taps under load carrying conditions includes first and second parallel connected bridge rectifier circuits which control the selective connection of a direct current load to taps of a transformer. The first bridge circuit is normally conducting so that the load is connected to a first tap through the first bridge circuit. To transfer the load to the second tap, a switch is operable to connect the second bridge circuit to a second tap, and when the second bridge circuit begins to conduct, the first bridge circuit ceases conduction because the potential at the second tap is higher than the potential at the first tap, and the load is thus connected to the second tap through the second bridge circuit. The load switching circuit is applicable in a motor speed controller for a wound-rotor motor for effecting tap switching as a function of motor speed while providing a stepless motor speed control characteristic.

Ellis, James N. (Chatsworth, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The axial gas-dynamic forces acting on the rotor of a small gas-turbine engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exact determination is discussed of the axial gas-dynamic forces acting on the rotor of a gas-turbine engine (GTE), which influence reliability....

S. S. Evgen’ev; R. R. Zalyaev

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Operation of a test bed axial-gap brushless dc rotor with a superconducting stator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variable-speed axial-gap motor with a stator consisting of four liquid helium cooled superconducting electromagnets (two pole pairs) was built and proof tested up to 608 rpm in November 1990 as a tool for joint industry-laboratory evaluation of coils fabricated from high-temperature oxide superconductors. A second rotor was fabricated with improved materia winding configuration, and wire type, and the drive system was modified to eliminate current spiking. The modified motor was characterized to design speed, 188 rad/s (1800 rpm), to acquire a performance baseline for future comparison with that of high-temperature superconducting (HIS) wire. As it becomes commercially available, HTS wire will replace the low-temperature electromagnet wire in a stator modified to control wire temperatures between 4 K and 77 K. Measurements of the superconducting electromagnetic field and locked rotor torque as functions of cryocurrent and dc current through two phases of the rotor, respectively, provided data to estimate power that could be developed by the rotor. Back emf and parasitic mechanical and electromagnetic drag torques were measured as functions of angular velocity to calculate actual rotor power developed and to quantify losses, which reduce the motor`s efficiency. A detailed measurement of motor power at design speed confirmed the developed power equation. When subsequently operated at the 33-A maximum available rotor current, the motor delivered 15.3 kill (20.5 hp) to the load. In a final test, the cryostat was operated at 2500 A, 200 A below its critical current. At rotor design current of 60 A and 2500 A stator current, the extrapolated developed power would be 44.2 kill (59.2 hp) with 94% efficiency.

McKeever, J.W.; Sohns, C.W.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Young, R.W. Sr.; Campbell, V.W.; Hickey, M.H.; Ott, G.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bailey, J.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Vibration based damage detection of rotor blades in a gas turbine engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the problems concerning turbine rotor blade vibration that seriously impact the structural integrity of a developmental aero gas turbine. Experimental determination of vibration characteristics of rotor blades in an engine is very important from fatigue failure considerations. The blades under investigation are fabricated from nickel base super alloy through directionally solidified investment casting process. The blade surfaces are coated with platinum aluminide for oxidation protection. A three dimensional finite element modal analysis on a bladed disk was performed to know the likely blade resonances for a particular design in the speed range of operation. Experiments were conducted to assess vibration characteristics of bladed disk rotor during engine tests. Rotor blade vibrations were measured using non-intrusive stress measurement system, an indirect method of blade vibration measurement utilizing blade tip timing technique. Abnormalities observed in the vibration characteristics of the blade tip timing data measured during engine tests were used to detect the blade damage. Upon disassembly of the engine and subsequent fluorescent penetrant inspection, it was observed that three blades of the rotor assembly were identified to have damaged. These are the blades that exhibited vibration abnormalities as a result of large resonant vibration response while engine tests. Further, fractographic analysis performed on the blades revealed the mechanism of blade failures as fatigue related. The root cause of blade failure is established to be high cycle fatigue from the engine run data history although the blades were put into service for just 6 h of engine operation.

S. Madhavan; Rajeev Jain; C. Sujatha; A.S. Sekhar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

AUTOMATED WATER LEVEL MEASUREMENTS IN SMALL-DIAMETER AQUIFER TUBES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Groundwater contaminated with hexavalent chromium, strontium-90, and uranium discharges into the Columbia River along approximately 16 km (10 mi) of the shoreline. Various treatment systems have and will continue to be implemented to eliminate the impact of Hanford Site contamination to the river. To optimize the various remediation strategies, it is important to understand interactions between groundwater and the surface water of the Columbia River. An automated system to record water levels in aquifer sampling tubes installed in the hyporheic zone was designed and tested to (1) gain a more complete understanding of groundwater/river water interactions based on gaining and losing conditions ofthe Columbia River, (2) record and interpret data for consistent and defensible groundwater/surface water conceptual models that may be used to better predict subsurface contaminant fate and transport, and (3) evaluate the hydrodynamic influence of extraction wells in an expanded pump-and-treat system to optimize the treatment system. A system to measure water levels in small-diameter aquifer tubes was designed and tested in the laboratory and field. The system was configured to allow manual measurements to periodically calibrate the instrument and to permit aquifer tube sampling without removing the transducer tube. Manual measurements were collected with an e-tape designed and fabricated especially for this test. Results indicate that the transducer system accurately records groundwater levels in aquifer tubes. These data are being used to refine the conceptual and numeric models to better understand interactions in the hyporheic zone of the Columbia River and the adjacent river water and groundwater, and changes in hydrochemistry relative to groundwater flux as river water recharges the aquifer and then drains back out in response to changes in the river level.

PETERSEN SW; EDRINGTON RS; MAHOOD RO; VANMIDDLESWORTH PE

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study: June 2000--June 2002 (Revised)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WindPACT Turbine Rotor WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study June 2000 - June 2002 D.J. Malcolm Global Energy Concepts, LLC Kirkland, Washington A.C. Hansen Windward Engineering Salt Lake City, Utah Subcontract Report NREL/SR-500-32495 Revised April 2006 WindPACT Turbine Rotor Design Study June 2000 - June 2002 D.J. Malcolm Global Energy Concepts, LLC Kirkland, Washington A.C. Hansen Windward Engineering Salt Lake City, Utah NREL Technical Monitor: A. Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAT-0-30213-01 Subcontract Report NREL/SR-500-32495 Revised April 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle

136

Translational/rotational coupling of the hindered CH 3 quantum-rotor in lithium acetate dihydrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The multiplet structure of the rotational-tunneling peaks in the inelastic neutron-scattering spectrum of lithium acetate is widely regarded as evidence of coupled pairs of CH 3 quantum rotors. However our molecular-mechanics study which has no adjustable parameters reveals that rotor/rotor coupling is less important than translational/rotational coupling. In order to remain at a potential-energy minimum during CH 3 group reorientation the center-of-mass of this group follows an almost circular path around its time-average position. The energy levels from this dynamical model reproduce the observed tunneling-transitions reasonably well and the predicted rectangular density distribution of the three methyl H-atoms is in good agreement with that measured by single-crystalneutron diffraction.

P. Schiebel; G. J. Kearley; M. R. Johnson

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities Michel Coste and Seydou Moussa September 2, 2010 Abstract We prove a bound for the geodesic diameter of a subset borrowed from D'Acunto and Kurdyka (to deal with the geodesic diameter) and from Barvinok (to take

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Scnarios d'interaction rotor/stator pour un compresseur haute pression d'un moteur d'hlicoptre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scénarios d'interaction rotor/stator pour un compresseur haute pression d'un moteur d'hélicoptère A plus de prévoir les zones d'interaction. Rotor-stator interaction scenarios for the centrifugal in the centrifugal com- pressor of helicopter engines when structural contacts occur between the blade

Boyer, Edmond

139

Improved Structure and Fabrication of Large, High-Power KHPS Rotors - Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verdant Power, Inc, working in partnership with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), and the University of Minnesota St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL), among other partners, used evolving Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models and techniques to improve the structure and fabrication of large, high-power composite Kinetic Hydropower System (KHPS) rotor blades. The objectives of the project were to: design; analyze; develop for manufacture and fabricate; and thoroughly test, in the lab and at full scale in the water, the improved KHPS rotor blade.

Corren, Dean [Verdant Power, Inc.; Colby, Jonathan [Verdant Power, Inc.; Adonizio, Mary Ann [Verdant Power, Inc.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

140

Control strategies of doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine system with new rotor current protection topology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A protection scheme of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system during faults is crowbar activation. With this protection the rotor side converter (RSC) is temporarily disconnected and its vector control over the stator active and reactive power is lost leading to poor power quality at the point of common coupling (PCC). This paper presents a new protection scheme for transient rotor current to improve the performance of DFIG during grid disturbance. The new scheme consisting of a crowbar and series circuit is connected between the rotor windings and RSC to enhance the low voltage ride-through capability of DFIG. The proposed scheme successfully limits the transient rotor current and dc-link voltage and a disconnection of RSC from the rotor windings is avoided during fault. Additionally RSC and grid-side converter controllers are modified to improve the voltage at PCC. Simulations on matlab/Simulink verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Jackson John Justo; Kyoung-Soo Ro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

To cite this document: Barbiero, Franck and Vincent, Franois and Deloues, Thierry and Letestu, Franck Effects of rotor blade modulation on GNSS anti-jamming algorithms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Franck Effects of rotor blade modulation on GNSS anti-jamming algorithms. (2014) In: ION International be sent to the repository administrator: staff-oatao@inp-toulouse.fr #12;Effects of rotor blade modulation rotating bodies, the signal undergo complex and non-stationary effects called Rotor Blade Modulation (RBM

Mailhes, Corinne

142

Modeling of residual service life of gas turbine rotors for minimizing replacement costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most catastrophic failures observed in gas turbine powered electrical powerplants is the fracture of the turbine rotor. A simplified model consisting of 3 macro-elements is suggested to model the dynamical behavior of the shaft with a propagating ... Keywords: crack propagation, gas-turbine, modeling, power-plant, replacement costs

Eusebia Zouridaki; Vasilios Spitas; Christos Spitas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Experimental response of a rotor supported on Rayleigh step gas bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contact during start-up and shutdown. Quick lifting of the rotor in the air bearings reduces the wear and damage of solid surfaces for long durability of the bearings under cyclic start/stop operation. 6 Sastri et al. [27] study the tribological...

Zhu, Xuehua

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Toward a Better Understanding of Ducted Rotor Antitorque and Directional Control in Forward Flight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Core Automatic Flight Control System (CAFCS) mode. Figure 1 shows a sustained, large-amplitude 1-Hz yaw ABSTRACT Despite decades of very successful yaw-control and anti-torque applications, the aerodynamics dramatic. From a handling-qualities perspective, the ducted rotor provides the loads capacity required

145

Horizontal-axis wind-system rotor performance model comparison: a compendium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This compendium consists of four reports, the purpose of which is to evaluate performance prediction methods for horizontal-axis wind turbines. The reports were prepared by four separate contractors. Oregon State University, AeroVironment, Inc., Aerospace Systems, Inc., and United Technologies Research Center (UTRC). Three of the four contractors used a blade-element/momentum analysis, while the fourth (UTRC) utilized a lifting line/prescribed wake analysis. These contractors were to apply their prediction methods to two rotors, that of the Enertech 1500 and that of the 1/3-scale UTRC 8 kW turbines. Results from the four prediction methods are compared with actual test data gathered via Controlled Velocity Testing (CVT), carried out by the Rocky Flats Wind Energy Research Center, operated by Rockwell International for the US Department of Energy. The conclusions of the four reports are reviewed in an introduction prepared by Rockwell International. For the Enertech 1500, rotor performance predictions closely agreed with CVT data. Yet, because of the lack of high tip speed ratio data, verification of the Glauert momentum theory was not possible. Predictions regarding the UTRC 1/3 scale 8 kW rotor did not agree well with test results. The reasons cited for the discrepancies center on inadequate airfoil section data and the varying blade pitch angles of the unique UTRC flexbeam rotor.

Not Available

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Concurrent Aerodynamic Optimization of Rotor Blades Using a Nash Game Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concurrent Aerodynamic Optimization of Rotor Blades Using a Nash Game Method Enric Roca Le´on Ph Aerodynamics Leader, Airbus Helicopter, Marignane, France Michel Costes Research Engineer, ONERA, Meudon OF THE AMERICAN HELICOPTER SOCIETY Abstract A multi-objective strategy adapted to the aerodynamic concurrent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

Contribution of restricted rotors to quantum sieving of hydrogen isotopes B. C. Hathorn,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have come to the forefront as a possible storage medium for hydrogen for fuel-cell de- vices. A number of isotopically substituted hydrogen molecules adsorbed into single-walled car- bon nanotubes are calculated usingContribution of restricted rotors to quantum sieving of hydrogen isotopes B. C. Hathorn,1 B. G

Hathorn, Bryan C.

148

2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology Rotor-stator interaction broadband noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Aerospace Technology Rotor-stator interaction-dimensional annular cascade to the impinging harmonic distortions. Each upstream har- monic mode is defined by its and Horan[2] . The #12;· 2 · Igor Vinogradov/ Chinese Journal of Aeronatics typical energy distribution over

Huang, Xun

149

Rotor current transient analysis of DFIG-based wind turbines during symmetrical voltage faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The impact of grid voltage fault on doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs), especially rotor currents, has received much attention. So, in this paper, the rotor currents of based-DFIG wind turbines are considered in a generalized way, which can be widely used to analyze the cases under different levels of voltage symmetrical faults. A direct method based on space vector is proposed to obtain an accurate expression of rotor currents as a function of time for symmetrical voltage faults in the power system. The presented theoretical analysis is simple and easy to understand and especially highlights the accuracy of the expression. Finally, the comparable simulations evaluate this analysis and show that the expression of the rotor currents is sufficient to calculate the maximum fault current, DC and AC components, and especially helps to understand the causes of the problem and as a result, contributes to adapt reasonable approaches to enhance the fault ride through (FRT) capability of DFIG wind turbines during a voltage fault.

Yu Ling; Xu Cai; Ningbo Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Reduction of teeter angle excursions for a two-bladed downwind rotor using cyclic pitch control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduction of teeter angle excursions for a two-bladed downwind rotor using cyclic pitch control methods are based on cyclic pitch through the pitch servo system. The first method is based on a PI of the pitch regulated 5MW reference turbine used in the IEA Annex 23 benchmark. KEYWORDS: TWO-BLADED WIND

151

Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media. Yu.E. Elkin wave patterns in R 2 , in terms of the kinematic approach. These patterns include rotating waves (diverging and converging spiral waves), and translating waves (retracting waves, \\critical #12;ngers" and \\V

Biktashev, Vadim N.

152

MPC for Wind Power Gradients --Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MPC for Wind Power Gradients -- Utilizing Forecasts, Rotor Inertia, and Central Energy Storage iterations. We demonstrate our method in simulations with various wind scenarios and prices for energy. INTRODUCTION Today, wind power is the most important renewable energy source. For the years to come, many

153

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Wave Rotor Research Program at Michigan State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and expansion waves to add or remove energy from a fluid flow. It has been proved that for modest pressure.g., number of ports and their positions) vary but a common feature of all wave rotors is an array of channels with straight channels. The drum rotates between two stationary end plates, each of which has a few ports

Müller, Norbert

154

Soft computing based optimum parameter design of PID controller in rotor speed control of wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sensitivity and robustness is the primary issue while designing the controller for large non-linear systems such as offshore wind turbines. The main goal of this study is a novel soft computing based approach in controlling the rotor speed of wind turbine. ... Keywords: bacteria foraging optimization algorithm, optimization, particle swarm optimization, proportional-integral-derivative controller, wind turbines

R. Manikandan; Nilanjan Saha

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Transition of combustion into detonation within a channel with the diameter less than the critical diameter of the existence of stationary detonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental investigation was carried out for transition of combustion into detonation of oxygen-hydrogen and hydrogen-air stoichiometric ... the critical diameter of the existence of stationary detonation in...

D. I. Baklanov; V. V. Golub; K. V. Ivanov; M. S. Krivokopytov

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Diameter and wall number control of carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the relationship between the average wall number (N) and the diameter (d) for carbon nanotubes (CNTs) grown by chemical vapour deposition. It is found that N depends linearly on d for diameters in the range of 2.5–10?nm, while single wall nanotubes predominate for diameters under about 2.1?nm. The linear relationship is found to depend somewhat on the growth conditions. It is also verified that the mean diameter depends on the diameter of the originating catalyst nanoparticle, and thus on the initial catalyst thickness where a thin film catalyst is used. This simplifies the characterisation of CNTs by electron microscopy. We also find a linear relationship between nanotube diameter and initial catalyst film thickness.

Xie, Rongsi; Zhong, Guofang, E-mail: gz222@cam.ac.uk; Zhang, Can; Chen, Bingan; Santiago Esconjauregui, C.; Robertson, John [Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom)

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

157

Cost effective analysis comparing the small diameter bomb and the joint standoff weapon (A+ Variant) .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This MBA project investigated and analyzed the cost effectiveness of implementing the Joint Standoff Weapon A+ (JSOW A+) variant versus the Small Diameter Bomb (SDB).… (more)

Stevens, Brett

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Method and apparatus for determining diameter and wall thickness of minute hollow spherical shells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus for determining diameter and wall thickness of hollow microspheres or shells wherein terminal velocities of shells traveling in fluid-filled conduits of differing diameters are measured. A wall-effect factor is determined as a ratio of the terminal velocities, and shell outside diameter may then be ascertained as a predetermined empirical function of wall-effect factor. For shells of known outside diameter, wall thickness may then be ascertained as a predetermined empirical function of terminal velocity in either conduit.

Steinman, D.A.

1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

159

Magnetic bearings for automatic control system of electromagnetic suspension of rotors of turbo-group gas-turbine thermal stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A brief overview of suspensions is given. The type of suspension for rotors of turbogenerators is chosen. An automatic control system is developed for an electromagnetic suspension of the radial and axial magn...

I. V. Zotov; V. G. Lisienko

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of NChromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N­Chromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natu­ ral but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

Liben-Nowell, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of different species. For each of these measures, a natu- ral but often difficult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

Liben-Nowell, David

162

Instability of condensate lm and capillary blocking in small-diameter-thermosyphon condensers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instability of condensate ®lm and capillary blocking in small-diameter-thermosyphon condensers H 1998 Abstract Instability of the condensate ®lm in a small-diameter-tube condenser was investigated- namic force or surface tension, the inner surface of the annular condensate ®lm is inherently unstable

Zhao, Tianshou

163

CURVATURE, DIAMETER AND BOUNDED BETTI NUMBERS Zhongmin Shen and Jyh-Yang Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURVATURE, DIAMETER AND BOUNDED BETTI NUMBERS Zhongmin Shen and Jyh-Yang Wu Abstract. In this paper, we introduces the notion of bounded Betti numbers, and show that the bounded Betti numbers words: Diameter, Ricci curvature, sectional curvature, bounded cohomology and bounded Betti number 2000

Shen, Zhongmin

164

European Projects of Solar Diameter Monitoring Costantino Sigismondi, Michele Bianda and Jean Arnaud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Projects of Solar Diameter Monitoring Costantino Sigismondi¹, Michele Bianda² and Jean Abstract. Three projects dealing with solar diameter evolution are presently in development. Historical will be monitored with fast CMOS sensors in different wavebands. The will run at IRSOL Gregory-Coudé telescope

165

Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption Zhiyong Fan,,,§ Rehan control to achieve the optimal absorption efficiency. Increasing the Ge materials filling ratio is shown a strong diameter dependency. To enhance the broad band optical absorption efficiency, a novel dual

Javey, Ali

166

Growth and field emission properties of small diameter carbon nanotube films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth and field emission properties of small diameter carbon nanotube films Y.Y. Wanga,*, S of the emission site intensity. D 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Small diameter carbon nanotubes; MWCVD; Growth; Field emission 1. Introduction Single- or double-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT

Qin, Lu-Chang

167

Risk assessment of turbine rotor failure using probabilistic ultrasonic non-destructive evaluations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study presents a method and application of risk assessment methodology for turbine rotor fatigue failure using probabilistic ultrasonic nondestructive evaluations. A rigorous probabilistic modeling for ultrasonic flaw sizing is developed by incorporating the model-assisted probability of detection, and the probability density function (PDF) of the actual flaw size is derived. Two general scenarios, namely the ultrasonic inspection with an identified flaw indication and the ultrasonic inspection without flaw indication, are considered in the derivation. To perform estimations for fatigue reliability and remaining useful life, uncertainties from ultrasonic flaw sizing and fatigue model parameters are systematically included and quantified. The model parameter PDF is estimated using Bayesian parameter estimation and actual fatigue testing data. The overall method is demonstrated using a realistic application of steam turbine rotor, and the risk analysis under given safety criteria is provided to support maintenance planning.

Guan, Xuefei; Zhang, Jingdan; Zhou, S. Kevin [Siemens Corporation, Corporate Technology, 755 College Rd. E., Princeton NJ 08540 (United States); Rasselkorde, El Mahjoub; Abbasi, Waheed A. [Siemens Energy Inc., 841 Old Frankstown Road, Pittsburgh PA 15239 (United States)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

168

A new 2D FEM analysis of a disc machine with offset rotor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents a new 2-Dimensional Finite Element Method (2D FEM) analysis of a double sided axial field, permanent magnet excited brushless DC motor. The rotor of the machine is free to move in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the shaft. Computed 2D results are compared with 3D FEM analysis and the new analysis method is shown to give close agreement.

Gair, S.; Canova, A. [Napier Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering; Eastham, J.F.; Betzer, T. [Univ. of Bath (United Kingdom). School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

Application of SAFER-PC program to determine turbine rotor boresonic inspection intervals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public Service Company of Colorado (PSCC) used EPRI`s SAFER-PC Program to evaluate their HP/IP, LP, and generator rotors from Cherokee Station Unit 3, to determine appropriate boresonic re-inspection intervals. The program uses fracture mechanics to calculate critical crack sizes, which could lead to catastrophic failure of the rotors. Conservative stress and fracture mechanics analyses showed negligible fatigue crack growth of assumed bore surface cracks would occur over the proposed inspection interval of eighteen years. The evaluation assumed consistent operational start-up procedures for the inspection interval. If the unit experiences more severe operational procedures, the analysis may not be applicable, with smaller critical crack sizes and accelerated crack growth rates expected. The SAFER-PC analysis resulted in an extension of the previously recommended reinspection interval by eight years. By eliminating just this one inspection, PSCC achieved savings in the range of $100,000. Further savings are anticipated by utilizing the SAFER-PC Program to evaluate these and other PSCC rotors in the future.

Sachse, D.G.; Hellner, R.L.; Dupont, E.J. [Public Service Co., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Artificial neural network based torque calculation of switched reluctance motor without locking the rotor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feedback of motor torque is required in most of switched reluctance (SR) motor applications in order to control torque and its ripple. An SR motor shows highly nonlinear property which does not allow calculating torque analytically. Torque can be directly measured by torque sensor but it inevitably increases the cost and has to be properly mounted on the motor shaft. Instead of torque sensor finite element analysis(FEA) may be employed for torque calculation. However motor modeling and calculation takes relatively long time. The results of FEA may also differ from the actual results. The most convenient way seems to calculate torque from the measured values of rotor position current and flux linkage while locking the rotor at definite positions. However this method needs an extra assembly to lock the rotor. In this study a novel torque calculation based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) is presented. Magnetizing data are collected while a 6/4 SR motor is running. They need to be interpolated for torque calculation. ANN is very strong tool for data interpolation. ANN based torque estimation is verified on the 6/4 SR motor and is compared by FEA based torque estimation to show its validity.

Fuat Kucuk; Hiroki Goto; Hai-Jiao Guo; Osamu Ichinokura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Adaptive approach to accurate analysis of small-diameter vessels in cineangiograms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In coronary vessels smaller than 1 mm in diameter, it is difficult to accurately identify lumen borders using existing border detection techniques. Computer-detected diameters of small coronary vessels are often severely overestimated due to the influence of the imaging system point spread function and the use of an edge operator designed for a broad range of vessel sizes. Computer-detected diameters may be corrected if a calibration curve for the X-ray system is available. Unfortunately, the performance of this postprocessing diameter correction approach is severely limited by the presence of image noise. The authors report here a new approach that uses a two-stage adaption of edge operator parameters to optimally match the edge operator to the local lumen diameter. In the first stage, approximate lumen diameters are detected using a single edge operator in a half-resolution image. Depending on the approximate lumen size, one of three edge operators is selected for the second full-resolution stage in which left and right coronary borders are simultaneously identified. The method was tested in a set of 72 segments of nine angiographic phantom vessels with diameters ranging from 0.46 to 4.14 mm and in 82 clinical coronary angiograms. Performance of the adaptive simultaneous border detection method was compared to that of a conventional border detection method and to that of a postprocessing diameter correction border detection method. Adaptive border detection yielded significantly improved accuracy in small phantom vessels and across all vessel sizes in comparison to the conventional and postprocessing diameter correction methods. Adaptive simultaneous coronary border detection provides both accurate and robust quantitative analysis of coronary vessels of all sizes.

Sonka, M.; Winniford, M.D.; Collins, S.M. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)] [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Reddy, G.K. [Cemax-Icon, Inc., Fremont, CA (United States)] [Cemax-Icon, Inc., Fremont, CA (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Hydrodynamic Model with Binary Particle Diameters to Predict Axial Voidage Profile in a CFB Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hydrodynamic model with binary particle diameters was developed to better predict axial voidage profile in a CFB combustor. In the model, the CFB is regarded as a superposition of two ... field data of voidage ...

J. J. Li; H. Zhang; H. R. Yang; Y. X. Wu…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Flooding Experiments with Steam and Water in a Large Diameter Vertical Tube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental study on flooding with steam and water in a large diameter vertical tube was conducted. This research has been performed to provide a better prediction of flooding in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) pressurizer surge line...

Williams, Susan Nicole

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

174

Effects of CSP Support Particle Size on the Performance of Larger Diameter Liquid Partition Columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Editorial Effects of CSP Support Particle Size on the Performance...packed with different particle sizes of CSP (controlled surface porosity) support...larger, infinite-diameter columns and CSP support used in this study. Reduced plate......

H. C. Beachell; J. J. DeStefano

1972-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Yb-doped Large Pitch Fiber with 105µm Mode Field Diameter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an active Yb-doped Large Pitch Fiber with 105µm mode field diameter. It was tested in a fiber CPA system delivering <500fs, 2mJ pulses with 3.8GW peak power. The...

Jansen, Florian; Stutzki, Fabian; Eidam, Tino; Rothhardt, Jan; Hädrich, Steffen; Carstens, Henning; Jauregui, Cesar; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

176

IMPACT STRUCTURES: WHAT DOES CRATER DIAMETER MEAN? E. P. Turtle1,2 , E. Pierazzo2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPACT STRUCTURES: WHAT DOES CRATER DIAMETER MEAN? E. P. Turtle1,2 , E. Pierazzo2 , G. S. Collins1 and Planetary Lab., Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092; turtle@lpl.arizona.edu, 2 Planetary Science Inst

Collins, Gareth

177

Independent modal space control and modal filters for active vibration control of rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as shown in equation (3. 7): ((t) = At(t) + Z(t) (3. 7) where Z is the modal force vector, and is given by: Z(t) = V BQ(t) = Vr M 'Q(t) (3 g) in which the right hand side of the equation results from the fact that only the lower n rows of the B matrix... gg Alan B. Pal o (Chair of Committee) James S. Noel (Member) Richard . Alexander (Member) Walter L. B ley (Head of Department) August 1992 ABSTRACT Independent Modal Space Control and Modal Filters for Active Vibration Control of Rotors...

Roever, Douglas Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

178

Design of outer-rotor-type multipolar switched reluctance motor for electric vehicle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an electric vehicle(EV) with in-wheel motors reducing the weight of the motor is a very important problem in order to improve the driving performance. In this paper we examine the lightweight design of an outer-rotor-type multipolar switched reluctance (SR) motor applied to a prototype EV. We design three SR motors which have different yoke widths and calculate the motor characteristics at a steady rotational speed based on a finite element method. We discuss the optimum relationship between a pole and yoke widths.

Satoshi Fujishiro; Kazumi Ishikawa; Shinki Kikuchi; Kenji Nakamura; Osamu Ichinokura

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

An experimental investigation of a tilt rotor aircraft wake in ground effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Sktlld dS t' 1, "~Et 18, 6 (1975), pp. 51-673. Hunt, J. C. R. , Poulton, E. C. , and Mumford, J. C. , "The Effects of Wldppl:Sd't*l Bd tldt lt*p*' t, "~Bi1di Environment, 11 (1976), pp. 15-28. 50 VITA gichael Louis Frey III was born January 4, 1957...EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A TILT ROTOR AIRCRAFT WAKE IN GROUND EFFECT A Thesis by MICHAEL LOUIS FREY III Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER...

Frey, Michael Louis

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Characterizing Inflow Conditions Across the Rotor Disk of a Utility-Scale Wind Turbine (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multi-megawatt utility-scale wind turbines operate in a turbulent, thermally-driven atmosphere where wind speed and air temperature vary with height. Turbines convert the wind's momentum into electrical power, and so changes in the atmosphere across the rotor disk influence the power produced by the turbine. To characterize the inflow into utility scale turbines at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) near Boulder, Colorado, NREL recently built two 135-meter inflow monitoring towers. This poster introduces the towers and the measurements that are made, showing some of the data obtained in the first few months of operation in 2011.

Clifton, A.; Lundquist, J. K.; Kelley, N.; Scott, G.; Jager, D.; Schreck, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Abstract--This paper proposes a methodology to decide the optimal matching between the size of the rotor of a wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the rotor of a wind turbine and the rated power of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. This is made of the wind turbine, the gearbox's transformation ratio, the battery voltage and the wind speed probability's rated power and the wind turbine's rotor size. The system studied in this paper consists of 220 (V)/50

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Economic and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter Fans on Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (A Case Study in the Use of Large Fan Air Cooled Condensers at the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Power Plant, Oregon) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Economic and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter Fans on Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (A Case Study in the Use of Large Fan Air Cooled Condensers at the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Power Plant, Oregon) Abstract A significant improvement in air cooler technology was implementedat the Neal Hot Springs geothermal power plant in Vale,Oregon. Large cooling tower fans were used in an induced draftarrangement (fans above the heat exchanger). The total numberof fans was reduced from 270 x 12ft / 3.7m fans

183

Plugging nuclear waste pipelines: impact of high level waste slurry characteristics and pipe diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work presented here focuses on experiments carried out in 22-mm ID and 45-mm ID pipelines utilizing slurries composed of spherical glass beads having particle size distribution following the Rosin-Rammler distribution and mean size of 50 {mu}m. The spreads of the distribution were 1.7 and 7, corresponding to wide and narrow distributions, respectively. The slurries utilized in this study had concentrations ranging from 5% to 25% by volume. Results obtained in the same pipeline diameter indicated that the slurry of the narrower distribution experienced higher pressure drops and lower critical deposition velocities than those for the slurry of wider distribution. Pressure drop increased markedly with increasing slurry concentration regardless of the pipe diameter and slurry PSD. However, the pipe diameter was found to have more significant influence on the pressure drop than the slurry concentration does. (authors)

Daas, M.; Srivastava, R.; Skudarnov, P. [Florida International Univ., Applied Research Center, Miami, FL (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measured and predicted rotor performance for the SERI advanced wind turbine blades were compared to assess the accuracy of predictions and to identify the sources of error affecting both predictions and measurements. An awareness of these sources of error contributes to improved prediction and measurement methods that will ultimately benefit future rotor design efforts. Propeller/vane anemometers were found to underestimate the wind speed in turbulent environments such as the San Gorgonio Pass wind farm area. Using sonic or cup anemometers, good agreement was achieved between predicted and measured power output for wind speeds up to 8 m/sec. At higher wind speeds an optimistic predicted power output and the occurrence of peak power at wind speeds lower than measurements resulted from the omission of turbulence and yaw error. In addition, accurate two-dimensional (2-D) airfoil data prior to stall and a post stall airfoil data synthesization method that reflects three-dimensional (3-D) effects were found to be essential for accurate performance prediction. 11 refs.

Tangler, J.; Smith, B.; Kelley, N.; Jager, D.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Rotor dynamic analysis of GCEP (Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant) Tails Withdrawal Test Facility AC-12 compressor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reliable operation of the centrifugal compressors utilized in the gaseous diffusion process is of great importance due to the critical function of these machines in product and tails withdrawal, cascade purge and evacuation processes, the purge cascade and product booster applications. The same compressors will be used in equally important applications within the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant (GCEP). In response to concern over the excessive vibration exhibited by the AC-12 compressor in the No. 3 position of the GCEP Tails Withdrawal Test Facility, a rotor-bearing dynamic analysis was performed on the compressor. This analysis included the acquisition and reduction of compressor vibration data, characterization and modeling of the rotorbearing system, a computer dynamic study, and recommendations for machine modification. The compressor dynamic analysis was performed for rotor speeds of 9000 rpm and 7200 to 7800 rpm, which includes all possible opreating speeds of the compressor in the GCEP Test Facility. While the analysis was performed on this particular AC-12 compressor, the results should be pertinent to other AC-12 applications as well. Similar diagnostic and analytical techniques can be used to evaluate operation of other types of centrifugal compressors.

Spencer, J.W.

1982-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

186

Mass Transfer Testing of a 12.5-cm Rotor Centrifugal Contactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

TRUEX mass transfer tests were performed using a single stage commercially available 12.5 cm centrifugal contactor and stable cerium (Ce) and europium (Eu). Test conditions included throughputs ranging from 2.5 to 15 Lpm and rotor speeds of 1750 and 2250 rpm. Ce and Eu extraction forward distribution coefficients ranged from 13 to 19. The first and second stage strip back distributions were 0.5 to 1.4 and .002 to .004, respectively, throughout the dynamic test conditions studied. Visual carryover of aqueous entrainment in all organic phase samples was estimated at < 0.1 % and organic carryover into all aqueous phase samples was about ten times less. Mass transfer efficiencies of = 98 % for both Ce and Eu in the extraction section were obtained over the entire range of test conditions. The first strip stage mass transfer efficiencies ranged from 75 to 93% trending higher with increasing throughput. Second stage mass transfer was greater than 99% in all cases. Increasing the rotor speed from 1750 to 2250 rpm had no significant effect on efficiency for all throughputs tested.

D. H. Meikrantz; T. G. Garn; J. D. Law; N. R. Mann; T. A. Todd

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

User`s Guide for the NREL Teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report gives the reader an overview of instructions on the proper use of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute, or SERI) teetering Rotor Analysis Program (STRAP version 2.20). STRAP is a derivative of the Force and Loads Analysis program (FLAP). It is intended as a tool for prediction of rotor and blade loads and response for only two-bladed teetering hub wind turbines. The effects of delta-3, undersling, hub mass, and wind turbulence are accounted for. The objectives of the report are to give an overview of the code and also show the methods of data input and correct code execution steps in order to model an example two-bladed teetering hub turbine. A large portion of the discussion (Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0) is devoted to the subject of inputting and running the code for wind turbulence effects. The ability to include turbulent wind effects is perhaps the biggest change in the code since the release of FLAP version 2.01 in 1988. This report is intended to be a user`s guide. It does not contain a theoretical discussion on equations of motion, assumptions, underlying theory, etc. It is intended to be used in conjunction with Wright, Buhl, and Thresher (1988).

Wright, A.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Production of vertical arrays of small diameter single-walled carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hot filament chemical vapor deposition method has been developed to grow at least one vertical single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT). In general, various embodiments of the present invention disclose novel processes for growing and/or producing enhanced nanotube carpets with decreased diameters as compared to the prior art.

Hauge, Robert H; Xu, Ya-Qiong

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

189

Carbon nanotube diameter selection by pretreatment of metal catalysts on surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new and useful nanotube growth substrate conditioning processes is herein disclosed that allows the growth of vertical arrays of carbon nanotubes where the average diameter of the nanotubes can be selected and/or controlled as compared to the prior art.

Hauge, Robert H. (Houston, TX); Xu, Ya-Qiong (Houston, TX); Shan, Hongwei (Houston, TX); Nicholas, Nolan Walker (South Charleston, WV); Kim, Myung Jong (Houston, TX); Schmidt, Howard K. (Cypress, TX); Kittrell, W. Carter (Houston, TX)

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

190

THE DIAMETER OF THE ISOMORPHISM CLASS OF A BANACH W. B. JOHNSON AND E. ODELL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DIAMETER OF THE ISOMORPHISM CLASS OF A BANACH SPACE W. B. JOHNSON AND E. ODELL August 20, 2004 is finitely complementably universal; that is, there is Johnson was supported in part by NSF DMS­0200690 and Probability at Texas A&M University. MR subject classification: 46G05, 46T20. 1 #12; 2 W. B. JOHNSON AND E

Johnson, William B.

191

Phenomenological modeling of tumor diameter growth based on a mixed effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological modeling of tumor diameter growth based on a mixed effects model T. Bastogne a,, A tumor volume-based models have been devel- oped for the phenomenological modeling of tumor growth-00390380,version1-2Jun2009 #12;1 Introduction In systems theory1,2 , phenomenological or black-box models

Boyer, Edmond

192

High-Yield Sorting of Small-Diameter Carbon Nanotubes for Solar Cells and Transistors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-Yield Sorting of Small-Diameter Carbon Nanotubes for Solar Cells and Transistors ... G.I.K. acknowledges the support of the Government of Canada and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) in the form of the Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship. ...

Huiliang Wang; Ghada I. Koleilat; Peng Liu; Gonzalo Jiménez-Osés; Ying-Chih Lai; Michael Vosgueritchian; Ya Fang; Steve Park; Kendall N. Houk; Zhenan Bao

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes of Controlled Diameter and Bundle Size and Their Field Emission Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes of Controlled Diameter and Bundle Size and Their Field Emission: June 8, 2005 Field emission studies were conducted on as-produced CoMoCAT single-walled carbon nanotube electron emitter. By adjusting the catalytic synthesis conditions, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT

Resasco, Daniel

194

Estimation of rotor angles of synchronous machines using artificial neural networks and local PMU-based quantities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates a possibility for estimating rotor angles in the time frame of transient (angle) stability of electric power systems, for use in real-time. The proposed dynamic state estimation technique is based on the use of voltage and current ... Keywords: Electric power systems, Multilayer perceptrons, Phasor measurement units, Transient stability monitoring and control

Alberto Del Angel; Pierre Geurts; Damien Ernst; Mevludin Glavic; Louis Wehenkel

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Design of Rotor-side Controller Using Adaptive Time-frequency Method for DFIG Bearing Fault Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To ensure the reliable operation and power quality of wind power systems, the fault-tolerant control for DFIG is studied in this paper. Based on measured motor currents data, an adaptive statistical time-frequency method is then used to detect the fault ... Keywords: Doubly-fed induction generator, monitoring, wind turbine, rotor side inverter

Suratsavadee K. Korkua

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Wind turbine rotor blade with in-plane sweep and devices using the same, and methods for making the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine includes a rotor having a hub and at least one blade having a torsionally rigid root, an inboard section, and an outboard section. The inboard section has a forward sweep relative to an elastic axis of the blade and the outboard section has an aft sweep.

Wetzel, Kyle Kristopher

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

197

Virtual dynamic balancing method without trial weights for multi-rotor series shafting based on finite element model analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The traditional influence coefficient dynamic balancing method for multi-rotor series shafting such as turbine-generator sets gas turbines compressor trains and others usually needs to startup many times using trial weights along the rotor. Based on finite element model analysis for the multi-rotor series shafting a virtual dynamic balancing methodology which only needs to collect data of vibration response at operating speed without trial weights is developed in this paper. According to shafting structure and operating parameters the dynamic finite element model was built by using rotor dynamics theory and finite element simulation technology. The shafting dynamic characteristics and weighted influence coefficient matrix can be gotten by exciting virtual unbalance force on the balance place correspondingly. The effectiveness and flexibility of the proposed method have been illustrated by solving a shafting dynamic balancing example with no trial weights requirements. It is believed that the new methods developed in this work will help in reducing the time and cost of the equipment manufacturer or field dynamic balancing procedures.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5021 5021 August 2009 Hydrodynamic Optimization Method and Design Code for Stall-Regulated Hydrokinetic Turbine Rotors D. Sale University of Tennessee J. Jonkman and W. Musial National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the ASME 28 th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Honolulu, Hawaii May 31-June 5, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

199

Indirect rotor position sensing in real time for brushless permanent magnet motor drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a modern solution to real-time rotor position estimation of brushless permanent magnet (PM) motor drives. The position estimation scheme, based on flux linkage and line-current estimation, is implemented in real time by using the abc reference frame, and it is tested dynamically. The position estimation model of the test motor, development of hardware, and basic operation of the digital signal processor (DSP) are discussed. The overall position estimation strategy is accomplished with a fast DSP (TMS320C30). The method is a shaft position sensorless method that is applicable to a wide range of excitation types in brushless PM motors without any restriction on the motor model and the current excitation. Both rectangular and sinewave-excited brushless PM motor drives are examined, and the results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method with dynamic loads in closed estimated position loop.

Ertugrul, N. [Univ. of Adelaide (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Univ. of Adelaide (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Acarnley, P.P. [Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

New Method to Study Spin Conversion of a Nuclear-Spin Rotor with Low Tunnel Splitting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method is developed to measure the spin-conversion time ?con in low-tunnel-frequency systems. The experiment uses field cycling and consists of three steps: saturation of the tunnel reservoir by Zeeman-tunnel resonance; waiting, away from resonance, during a variable time interval tW; and measurement of the decreased tunnel temperature TT, by use of a saturated Zeeman reservoir. A plot of TT vs tW yields ?con. ?con of CH3 rotors in copper acetate is measured at 15, 12.5, and 6 K and turns out to be extremely long, at least 20T1. This discrepancy is discussed and compared with the one found in lithium acetate.

Greta Vandemaele; Paul Coppens; Lieven Van Gerven

1986-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Chirality in odd-A Rh isotopes within the triaxial particle rotor model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By adopting the fully quantal triaxial particle-rotor model, the candidate chiral doublet bands in odd-A nuclei {sup 103}Rh and {sup 105}Rh with {pi}g{sub 9/2}{sup -1} x {nu}h{sub 11/2}{sup 2} configuration are studied. For the doublet bands in both nuclei, agreement is excellent for the observed energies over the entire spin range and B(M1)/B(E2) at higher spin range. The evolution of the chiral geometry with angular momentum is discussed in detail by using the angular momentum components and their probability distributions. Chirality is found to change from chiral vibration to nearly static chirality at spin I=37/2 and back to another type of chiral vibration at higher spin. The influence of the triaxial deformation {gamma} is also studied.

Qi, B.; Wang, S. Y. [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial Environment, School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Zhang, S. Q. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Meng, J. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Koike, T. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Results from dynamic tests and analyses of a medium diameter LMFBR piping system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents results and observations from dynamic tests and analyses performed on a 0.20 m (8 in.) diameter, thin walled piping system. The piping system is a scaled representation of a Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) large diameter piping loop. Prototypic piping restraints were employed, including mechanical snubbers, rigid struts, pipe hangers and non-integral pipe clamps. Snapback, sine-sweep and seismic tests were performed for various restraint configurations and piping conditions. The test results are compared to analytical predictions for verification of the methods and models used in the seismic design of LMFBR piping systems. Test program conclusions and general recommendations for piping seismic analyses are presented along with a discussion of test and analysis results.

Schott, G.A.; Heberling, C.F.; Hulbert, G.M.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Results from dynamic tests and analyses of a medium diameter LMFBR piping system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents results and observations from dynamic tests and analyses performed on an 8-in. (0.20-m) diameter, thin-walled piping system. The piping system is a scaled representation of a Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) large diameter piping loop. Prototypic piping restraints were employed, including mechanical snubbers, rigid struts, pipe hangers and nonintegral pipe clamps. Snapback, sine-sweep and seismic tests were performed for various restraint configurations and piping conditions. The test results are compared to analytical predictions for verification of the methods and models used in the seismic design of LMFBR piping systems. Test program conclusions and general recommendations for piping seismic analyses are presented along with a discussion of test and analysis results.

Schott, G.A.; Hulbert, G.M.; Heberling, C.F. II

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Cosmic equation of state from combined angular diameter distances: Does the tension with luminosity distances exist?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a relatively complete observational data concerning four angular diameter distance (ADD) measurements and %synthetic combined SN+GRB observations representing current luminosity distance (LD) data, this paper investigates the %tension between compatibility of these two cosmological distances considering three classes of dark energy equation of state (EoS) reconstruction. In particular, we use strongly gravitationally lensed systems from various large systematic gravitational lens surveys and galaxy clusters, which yield the Hubble constant independent ratio between two angular diameter distances $D_{ls}/D_s$ data. Our results demonstrate that, with more general categories of standard ruler data, ADD and LD data are compatible at $1\\sigma$ level. Secondly, we note that consistency between ADD and LD data %are blind is maintained irrespective of the EoS parameterizations: there is a good match between the universally explored CPL model and other formulations of cosmic equation of state. Especially for the...

Cao, Shuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Diameters of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Depending on Helium Gas Pressure in an Arc Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diameters of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Depending on Helium Gas Pressure in an Arc Discharge ... So far, relatively large quantities of SWNTs have been produced by using Y?Ni and Fe?Ni catalysts for the electric arc discharge method28-30 and by using a Co?Ni catalyst for the pulsed laser ablation method. ... The electric current of the arc discharge also affected the yield of SWNTs though its effect was not as serious as the helium pressure. ...

Yahachi Saito; Yoshihiko Tani; Atsuo Kasuya

2000-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

206

Determination and mapping of diameter and helicity for single-walled carbon nanotubes using nanobeam electron diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the formation energy of carbon nanotubes, while the growth prefers slightly the structure with helicity 15Determination and mapping of diameter and helicity for single-walled carbon nanotubes using June 2005 The atomic structures of 124 single-walled carbon nanotubes, described by their diameter

Qin, Lu-Chang

207

Infrared spectra of individual semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes: Testing the scaling of transition energies for large diameter nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of transition energies for large diameter nanotubes Matthew Y. Sfeir and James A. Misewich* Condensed Matter on the same individual nanotube over an energy range of 0.3­2.7 eV. We find that well-established energy scaling relations developed for nanotubes of smaller diameter are not consistent with the measured low-energy

Heinz, Tony F.

208

Laboratory Model of a Contactless Device for Measuring Diameter of Objects with Circular Cross-section Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and improves the accuracy to measure the outside diameter of optical fibers manufactured at high speed. The device has folow specifications: measuring range: (0.1­1) mm, measuring area 2mm, light sourse ­ laser9 3 Laboratory Model of a Contactless Device for Measuring Diameter of Objects with Circular Cross

Borissova, Daniela

209

The role of apolipoprotein VLDL-II in regulating the diameter of VLDLy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SUBJECT HENS. . 60 79 VITA 81 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Composition of experimental diets . 61 2 Average peak elution times of plasma cholesterol in hens . . . 62 3 Population percentiles for diameter (nm) distributions of VLDL isolated as the d... procedure. 70 Representative standard curves calculated for Apo-VLDL-II and Apo-B in hens fed Diet 1. . 71 Cholesterol elution profiles of d & 1. 0224 g/mL plasma lipoproteins. , 72 Elution times of cholesterol Peak I of d & 1. 0224 g/mL plasma...

Wallowitz, Mikhael L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

Nanotube diameter optimal for channeling of high-energy particle beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Channeling of particle beam in straight and bent single-wall nanotubes has been studied in computer simulations. We have found that the nanotubes should be sufficiently narrow in order to steer efficiently the particle beams, with preferred diameter in the order of 0.5-2 nm. Wider nanotubes, e.g. 10-50 nm, appear rather useless for channeling purpose because of high sensitivity of channeling to nanotube curvature. We have compared bent nanotubes with bent crystals as elements of beam steering technique, and found that narrow nanotubes have an efficiency of beam bending similar to that of crystals.

V. M. Biryukov; S. Bellucci

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

Influence of Diesel Engine Combustion Parameters on Primary Soot Particle Diameter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition to minimized engine-out emissions, exhaust gas after-treatment systems such as diesel particle filter and chemical reduction of NOx will be necessary to meet the U.S. Federal (EPA) 2007 emission standards for heavy-duty diesel engines. ... While for the diesel fuel a reduction of the number of particles in the accumulation mode went in line with a shift of the mode diameter toward smaller values (see Figures 2 and 3), this was not a general observation for the water?diesel emulsion fuel. ... JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering (2001), 44 (1), 166-170 CODEN: JIJEEE; ISSN:1340-8054. ...

Urs Mathis; Martin Mohr; Ralf Kaegi; Andrea Bertola; Konstantinos Boulouchos

2005-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

212

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1ŒComposite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 * NREL/SR-500-29492 1 * NREL/SR-500-29492 Dayton A. Griffin Global Energy Concepts Kirkland, Washington WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1-Composite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor March 21, 2000 - March 15, 2001 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 April 2001 * NREL/SR-500-29492 WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 1-Composite Blades for 80- to 120-Meter Rotor March 21, 2000 - March 15, 2001 Dayton A. Griffin Global Energy Concepts Kirkland, Washington NREL Technical Monitor: Alan Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAM-0-30203-01 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

213

Rotor reference frame models of a multiloop 2-phase motor drive in brushless DC and microstepping modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes non-linear models of a 2-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive in brushless DC and microstepping modes. The models account for everything from the main power bus up to and including the mechanical load and velocity feedback loop. In particular, the models include the power electronics for each phase complete with their internal feedback loops. Classical state space averaged power electronics models are transformed to the rotor reference frame along with the usual electromechanical variables. Since SPICE linearizes the rotor reference frame model about shaft velocity, instead of shaft angle, frequency domain methods apply. The frequency domain analysis detects unstable interactions between torque angle and deliberate feedback within the drives. Time domain simulations using stator reference frame models confirm the results. All models are SPICE-compatible but were developed on Cadence`s Analog Workbench.

Chen, J.E. [Lockheed Missiles and Space Co. Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Predictive current control of outer-rotor five-phase BLDC generators applicable for off-shore wind power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Model predictive control algorithms have recently gained more importance in the field of wind power generators. One of the important categories of model predictive control methods is improved deadbeat control in which the reverse model of generator is used to calculate the appropriate inputs for the next iteration of controlling process. In this paper, a new improved deadbeat algorithm is proposed to control the stator currents of an outer-rotor five-phase BLDC generator. Extended Kalman filter is used in the estimation step of proposed method, and generator equations are used to calculate the appropriate voltages for the next modulation period. Two aspects of proposed controlling method are evaluated including its sensitivity to generator parameter variations and its speed in following the reference values of required torque during transient states. Wind power generators are kept in mind, and proposed controlling method is both simulated and experimentally evaluated on an outer-rotor five-phase BLDC generator.

Jose Luis Romeral Martinez; Ramin Salehi Arashloo; Mehdi Salehifar; Juan Manuel Moreno

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Spinning rotor gauge based vacuum gauge calibration system at the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Steady-state Superconducting Tokamak (SST-1) is an indigenously built medium sized fusion device at IPR designed for plasma duration of 1000 seconds. It consists of two large vacuum chambers – Vacuum Vessel (16 m3) and Cryostat (39 m3) which will be pumped to UHV and HV pressures respectively using a set of turbo molecular pumps, Cryo-pumps and Roots pumps. The total as well as the partial pressure measurement in these chambers will be carried out using a set of Pirani gauges, Bayard Alpert type gauges, Capacitance manometers and Residual Gas Analyzers (RGA). A reliable and accurate pressure measurement is essential for successful operation of SST-1 machine. For this purpose a gauge calibration system is set up in SST-1 Vacuum laboratory based on Spinning Rotor Gauge which can measure absolute pressure in the range 1.0 mbar to 1.0 ? 10?7 mbar. This system is designed to calibrate up to five gauges simultaneously for different gases in different operating pressure ranges of the gauges. This paper discusses the experimental set-up and the procedure adopted for the calibration of such vacuum gauges.

Pratibha Semwal; Ziauddin Khan; Kalpesh R Dhanani; Firozkhan S Pathan; Siju George; Dilip C Raval; Prashant L Thankey; Yuvakiran Paravastu; Himabindu M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Rotor Support Technology Developments for Long Life Closed Brayton Cycle Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power conversion systems based upon the Closed Brayton Cycle (CBC) turbine are under consideration for space power generation applications. Using this approach inert gas heated with a nuclear reactor or other means is used to drive a turbine?generator in a recirculating flow path. As a closed system contamination of the working fluid for instance with bearing lubricating oil cannot be tolerated. To prevent this possibility compliant surface gas film bearings are employed that use the working fluid as their lubricant. Foil gas bearings are in widespread use in turbocompressors and microturbines in aeronatuics and terrestrial applications. To successfully implement them for space power CBC systems research is underway at NASA’s Glenn Research Center to assess foil bearing start?up torque requirements bearing thermal management and the effects of high ambient pressures in inert gases on performance. This paper introduces foil gas bearing rotor support technologies and provides an update on bearing performance testing and evaluations being conducted to integrate foil bearings in future CBC turbine systems.

Christopher DellaCorte; Kevin C. Radil; Robert J. Bruckner; Steven W. Bauman; Bernadette J. Puleo; Samuel A. Howard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Corneal Topography of Excimer Laser Photorefractive Keratectomy Using a 6-mm Beam Diameter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: The purpose of the study is to define qualitative patterns of corneal topography after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) using a 6-mm beam diameter, investigate changes in patterns over time, and identify associations of topography patterns with clinical outcomes. Design: Multicenter, prospective cohort study. Participants: Ninety-eight eyes of 90 patients with myopia who had undergone PRK using the Summit Technology, Inc., excimer laser with a 6-mm beam diameter. Intervention: Computer-assisted videokeratography data were analyzed for eyes having undergone PRK. Topography patterns at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery were classified and associations with clinical outcomes assessed. Main Outcomes Measured: Topography patterns after PRK were determined at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Associations with preoperative characteristics of age and attempted correction, and postoperative outcomes of uncorrected and spectacle-corrected visual acuity, predictability, astigmatism, corneal haze, glare, halo, and patient satisfaction were analyzed. Results: At 1 year, 21.4% of corneas showed a homogeneous topography, 27.6% showed a toric-with-axis configuration, 10.2% showed a toric-against-axis configuration, 7.1% showed an irregularly irregular topography, 24.5% showed a keyhole/semicircular pattern, and 9.2% showed focal topographic variants. From 3 to 6 months, 40.1 % of maps changed; from 6 to 12 months, 53.1 % of maps changed, generally to optically smoother, regular patterns. Older age and higher attempted correction were associated with the development of more irregular patterns. The irregular groups showed worse predictability than did the regular groups and a tendency for slight overcorrection. The average reported glare/halo of 1.33 (scale = 0 to 5) in this study was less than in a previous study of the 4.5- to 5-mm treatment zone. However, of six patients expressing dissatisfaction with the results of surgery, three ranked their glare or halo at the maximum level. Conclusions: Topography patterns using a 6-mm beam diameter are identifiable, improve with time, and may affect clinical outcomes after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). The keyhole/semicircular pattern is more prevalent with a 6 mm treatment zone than with smaller treatment zones. Although optical side effects of glare and halo appear to be reduced with the 6-mm treatment, a small number of patients still report substantial glare or halo after the procedure.

Peter S. Hersh; Shetal I. Shah

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Infrared Spectra of Individual Semiconducting Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes: Testing the Scaling of Transition Energies for Large Diameter Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the low-energy excitonic transitions of chiral assigned individual large-diameter semiconducting single-walled nanotubes using a high-resolution Fourier transform photoconductivity technique. When photoconductivity is complemented by Rayleigh scattering spectroscopy, as many as five optical transitions can be identified on the same individual nanotube over an energy range of 0.3-2.7 eV. We find that well-established energy scaling relations developed for nanotubes of smaller diameter are not consistent with the measured low-energy transitions in large (1.8-2.3 nm) diameter nanotubes.

M Sfeir; J Misewich; S Rosenblatt; Y Wu; C Voisin; H Yan; S Berciaud; T Heinz; B Chandra; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

219

Observations of the Origin and Distribution of Ice in Cold, Warm, and Occluded Frontal Systems during the DIAMET Campaign  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three case studies in frontal clouds from the Diabatic Influences on Mesoscale Structures in Extratropical Storms (DIAMET) project are described to understand the microphysical development of the mixed phase regions of these clouds. The cases are ...

G. Lloyd; C. Dearden; T. W. Choularton; J. Crosier; K. N. Bower

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Impacts of different diameter combinations on the temperature of a crude oil pipeline when colocating with a products pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to show the effects of different diameter combinations on crude oil temperature when a crude oil pipeline and a products pipeline are laid in one trench, four typical ... temperature difference of the cr...

Bo Yu; Yue Shi; Xin Liu; Jinjun Zhang…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effects of Carbon Nanotube Coating on Bubble Departure Diameter and Frequency in Pool Boiling on a Flat, Horizontal Heater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of a carbon nanotube (CNT) coating on bubble departure diameter and frequency in pool boiling experiments was investigated and compared to those on a bare silicon wafer. The pool boiling experiments were performed at liquid subcooling...

Glenn, Stephen T.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

222

Control of a DFIG-based wind energy conversion system operating under harmonically distorted unbalanced grid voltage along with nonsinusoidal rotor injection conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, novel hybrid proportional-integral-harmonic resonant (PI-R) controllers implemented in the both (dq)+ and rotor (?r?r) reference frames are presented to control a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind power generation system operating simultaneously under the three conditions which are nonsinusoidal rotor voltage injection, harmonically distorted grid voltage, and unbalanced grid voltage. The contribution of this work is to present a novel control scheme implemented in the both (dq)+ and rotor (?r?r) reference frames by considering all the three mentioned conditions (no one or two of them). It will be shown that the proposed control scheme keeps the DFIG in an acceptable operation margin and furthermore, it eliminates all harmonics and pulsations components from the stator and the rotor circuits when the DFIG operates under harmonically distorted unbalanced grid voltage along with quasi-sine rotor injection conditions. The proposed control scheme is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink and simulated results are presented to validate the theoretical results. Although this work is carried out under the three mentioned conditions and other related works have been reported under only one condition, comparison between the results of this work and other works is performed to prove the excellent performances of the proposed control scheme.

Hassan Fathabadi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast-iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1--Program Management and Task 2--were completed in prior quarters while Task 3--Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in cast iron test pipe segments. Efforts in this quarter continued to focus on Tasks 4--8, with significant progress made in each. Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train) progressed to the design of the control electronics and pneumatic system to inflate the bladder robotic patch setting module. Task 5 (Design & Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera) continued with additional in-pipe testing required to optimize the design of the robot elements and surface control electronics and software. Task 6 (Design & Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) has been completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabView. Task 7 (Design & Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to completing the detailed design of the entry fitting for 12-inch diameter cast iron pipe. The fitting is now being placed into manufacture. Task 8--System Integration and Laboratory Validation continued developing the robot module inter-connects and development of a master LabView-based system display and control software.

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple castiron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1 (Program Management) and Task 2 (Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications) were completed in prior quarters while Task 3 (Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves) has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in cast iron test pipe segments. Efforts in this quarter continued to focus on Tasks 4-8, with significant progress made in each. Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train) progressed to the design of the control electronics and pneumatic system to inflate the bladder robotic patch setting module. Task 5 (Design & Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera) continued with additional in-pipe testing required to optimize the design of the robot elements and surface control electronics and software. Task 6 (Design & Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) has been completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabView. Task 7 (Design & Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to completing the detailed design of the entry fitting for 12-inch diameter cast iron pipe. The fitting is now being manufactured. The 12-inch ball valve for allowing no-blow access was also procured. Task 8 (System Integration and Laboratory Validation) continued with the development of the robot module inter-connects and of a master LabView-based system display and control software.

Kiran M Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1--Program Management and Task 2--were completed in prior quarters while Task 3--Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in cast iron test pipe segments. Efforts in this quarter continued to focus on Tasks 4--8, with significant progress made in each. Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train) progressed to the design of the control electronics and pneumatic system to inflate the bladder robotic patch setting module. Task 5 (Design & Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera) continued with additional in-pipe testing required to optimize the design of the robot elements and surface control electronics and software. Task 6 (Design & Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) has been completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabView. Task 7 (Design & Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to the design, fabrication and testing of a entry fitting in a 4-inch prototype and is now being used to complete drawings for use in 12-inch diameter pipe. Task 8--System Integration and Laboratory Validation continued developing the robot module inter-connects and development of a master LabView-based system display and control software.

Kiran M. Kothari, Gerard T. Pittard

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The orifice expansion correction for a 50 mm line size at various diameter ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The expansion coefficient or factor for a compressible flowmeter corrects for the change in pressure and density as the fluid is accelerated through the flowmeter. The expansion correction currently in use in the United States and also in other countries was developed over fifty years ago by Buckingham and Bean. More recent work reported by Kinghorn shows the equation currently in use to be in error. This paper describes the results of a test program to determine the expansion factors for flange-tapped sharp-edged orifices with diameter ratios between 0.242 and 0.726 in a nominal 50 mm (2 inch) line. Critical flow Venturis are used as the reference standards and dry air as the flowing fluid. The ratio of differential pressure to inlet static pressure is varied over a range of zero to about 0.2 at a constant Reynolds number. The expansion factor is determined form the apparent change in discharge coefficient at a constant Reynolds number.

Seidl, W. [Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc., Nunn, CO (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Apparatus and Method for Increasing the Diameter of Metal Alloy Wires Within a Molten Metal Pool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a dip forming process the core material to be coated is introduced directly into a source block of coating material eliminating the need for a bushing entrance component. The process containment vessel or crucible is heated so that only a portion of the coating material becomes molten, leaving a solid portion of material as the entrance port of, and seal around, the core material. The crucible can contain molten and solid metals and is especially useful when coating core material with reactive metals. The source block of coating material has been machined to include a close tolerance hole of a size and shape to closely fit the core material. The core material moves first through the solid portion of the source block of coating material where the close tolerance hole has been machined, then through a solid/molten interface, and finally through the molten phase where the diameter of the core material is increased. The crucible may or may not require water-cooling depending upon the type of material used in crucible construction. The system may operate under vacuum, partial vacuum, atmospheric pressure, or positive pressure depending upon the type of source material being used.

Hartman, Alan D.; Argetsinger, Edward R.; Hansen, Jeffrey S.; Paige, Jack I.; King, Paul E.; Turner, Paul C.

2002-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

An 8-mm diameter Fiber Robot Positioner for Massive Spectroscopy Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive spectroscopic survey are becoming trendy in astrophysics and cosmology, as they can address new fundamental knowledge such as Galactic Archaeology and probe the nature of the mysterious Dark Energy. To enable massive spectroscopic surveys, new technology are being developed to place thousands of optical fibers at a given position on a focal plane. These technology needs to be: 1) accurate, with micrometer positional accuracy; 2) fast to minimize overhead; 3) robust to minimize failure; and 4) low cost. In this paper we present the development of a new 8-mm in diameter fiber positionner robot using two 4mm DC-brushless gearmotors, developed in the context of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument. This development was conducted by a Spanish-Swiss (ES-CH) team led by the Instituto de F\\'isica Te\\'orica (UAM-CSIC) and the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique (EPFL), in collaboration with the AVS company in Spain and the Faulhaber group (MPS & FAULHABER-MINIMOTOR) in Switzerland.

Fahim, Nasib; Kneib, Jean Paul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast-iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1 (Program Management) and Task 2 (Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications) were completed in prior quarters while Task 3 (Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves) has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in cast-iron test pipe segments. Efforts in the current quarter continued to focus on Tasks 4-8. Highly valuable lessons were learned from field tests of the 4-inch gas pipe repair robot in cast-iron pipe at Public Service Electric & Gas. (These field tests were conducted and reported last quarter.) These tests identified several design issues which need to be implemented in both the small- and large-diameter repair robots for cast-iron pipe to assure their commercial success. For Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train), work has been directed on increasing the nitrogen bladder reservoir volume to allow at least two complete patch inflation/patch setting cycles in the event the sleeve does not set all ratchets in the same row on the first attempt. This problem was observed on a few of the repair sleeves that were recently installed during field tests with the small-diameter robotic system. For Task 5 (Design & Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera), the recent field tests showed clearly that, in mains with low gas velocities, it will be necessary to improve the system's capacity to remove debris from the immediate vicinity of the bell and spigot joints. Otherwise, material removed by the cleaning flails (the flails were found to be very effective in cleaning bell and spigot joints) falls directly to the low side of the pipe and accumulates in a pile. This accumulation can prevent the sleeve from achieving a leak-free repair. Similarly, it is also deemed necessary to design an assembly to capture existing service-tap coupons and allow their removal from the inside of the pipe. These coupons were found to cause difficulty in launching and retrieving the small pipe repair robot; for example, one coupon lodged beneath the end of the guide shoe. Designs for new features to accomplish these goals for the large robotic system were pursued and are presented in this report. Task 6 (Design & Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) was previously completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabVIEW. However, this must now be revisited to add control routines for the coupon catcher to be added. This will most likely include a lift-off/place-on magnet translation function. Task 7 (Design & Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to completing the detailed design of the entry fitting for 12-inch diameter cast iron pipe in the previous quarter. Field tests with the 4-inch

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Case study of landfill leachate recirculation using small-diameter vertical wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A case study of landfill liquids addition using small diameter (5 cm) vertical wells is reported. More than 25,000 m3 of leachate was added via 134 vertical wells installed 3 m, 12 m, and 18 m deep over five years in a landfill in Florida, US. Liquids addition performance (flow rate per unit screen length per unit liquid head) ranged from 5.6 × 10?8 to 3.6 × 10?6 m3 s?1 per m screen length per m liquid head. The estimated radial hydraulic conductivity ranged from 3.5 × 10?6 to 4.2 × 10?4 m s?1. The extent of lateral moisture movement ranged from 8 to 10 m based on the responses of moisture sensors installed around vertical well clusters, and surface seeps were found to limit the achievable liquids addition rates, despite the use of concrete collars under a pressurized liquids addition scenario. The average moisture content before (51 samples) and after (272 samples) the recirculation experiments were 23% (wet weight basis) and 45% (wet weight basis), respectively, and biochemical methane potential measurements of excavated waste indicated significant (p < 0.025) decomposition.

Pradeep Jain; Jae Hac Ko; Dinesh Kumar; Jon Powell; Hwidong Kim; Lizmarie Maldonado; Timothy Townsend; Debra R. Reinhart

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple castiron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1 (Program Management) and Task 2 (Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications) were completed in prior quarters while Task 3 (Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves) has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in cast iron test pipe segments. Efforts in this quarter continued to focus on Tasks 4-8, with significant progress made in each as well as field testing of the 4-inch gas pipe repair robot in cast iron pipe at Public Service Electric & Gas. The field tests were conducted August 23-26, 2004 in Oradell, New Jersey. The field tests identified several design issues which need to be implemented in both the small- and large-diameter cast iron repair robots to assure their commercial success. Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train) progressed to the design of the control electronics and pneumatic system to inflate the bladder robotic patch setting module in the last quarter 5. In this quarter, work has been concentrated on increasing the nitrogen bladder reservoir volume to allow at least two complete patch inflation/patch setting cycles in the event the sleeve does not set all ratchets in the same row on the first attempt. This problem was observed on a few of the repair sleeves that were recently installed during field tests with the small-diameter robotic system. For Task 5 (Design & Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera) it was observed that it will be necessary to add a stiff brush to push debris away from the immediate vicinity of the bell and spigot joints in mains having low gas velocities. Otherwise, material removed by the cleaning flails (which were found to be very effective in cleaning bell and spigot joints) simply falls to the low side of the pipe and accumulates in a pile. This accumulation can prevent the sleeve from achieving a leak free repair. Similarly, it is also necessary to design a small magnet to capture existing service tap coupons and allow their removal from the inside of the pipe. These coupons were found to cause difficulty in launching and retrieving the small pipe repair robot; one coupon lodged beneath the end of the guide shoe. These new features require redesign of the pipe wall cleaning train and modification to the patch setting train. Task 6 (Design & Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) was previously completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabView. However, this must now be re-visited to add control routines for the coupon catcher to be added. This will most likely include a lift-off/place-on magnet translation function. Task 7 (Design & Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to completing the detailed design of th

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast-iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of old cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1 (Program Management) and Task 2 (Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications) were completed previously. Task 3 (Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves) has progressed to installing prototype sleeves in test cast-iron pipe segments. Efforts in the current quarter continued to be focused on Tasks 4-8. Highly valuable lessons were learned from field tests of the 4-inch gas pipe repair robot in cast-iron pipe at Public Service Electric & Gas. (These field tests were conducted and reported previously.) Several design issues were identified which need to be implemented in both the small- and large-diameter repair robots for cast-iron pipe to assure their commercial success. For Task 4 (Design, Fabricate and Test Patch Setting Robotic Train), previous problems with bladder design and elastomeric material expansion in the large mains were addressed. A new bladder based on a commercially available design was obtained and tested with success. Minor improvements were highlighted during patch-setting tests and are now being pursued. For Task 5 (Design and Fabricate Pipe-Wall Cleaning Robot Train with Pan/Zoom/Tilt Camera), the previous field tests showed clearly that, in mains with low gas velocities, it will be necessary to improve the system's capacity to remove debris from the immediate vicinity of the bell and spigot joints. Otherwise, material removed by the cleaning flails (the flails were found to be very effective in cleaning bell and spigot joints) falls directly to the low side of the pipe and accumulates in a pile. This accumulation can prevent the sleeve from achieving a leak-free repair. Similarly, it is also deemed necessary to design an assembly to capture existing servicetap coupons and allow their removal from the inside of the pipe. Task 6 (Design and Build Surface Control and Monitoring System) was previously completed with the control and computer display functions being operated through LabVIEW. However, this must now be revisited to add control routines for the coupon catcher that will be added. This will most likely include a lift-off/place-on magnet translation function. Task 7 (Design and Fabricate Large Diameter Live Access System) progressed to completing the detailed design for a bolt-on entry fitting for 12-inch diameter cast-iron pipe in the current quarter. The drilling assembly for cutting an access hole through the wall of the gas main was also designed, along with a plug assembly to allow removing all tools from the live main and setting a blind flange on the entry fitting prior to burial. These designs are described in detail in the report. Task 8 (System Integration and Laboratory Validation) continued with the development of the robot module i

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Transportation of a 451 ton generator stator and a 234 ton generator rotor from Hartsville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 1430 MVA steam turbine generator was acquired from a cancelled nuclear power plant in Tennessee to be used as the pulsed power and energy storage unit for the Confinement Physics Research Facility being built at Los Alamos, NM. The transportation from Hartsville, near Nashville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM, of the two largest single pieces of the generator, a 451 t stator and a 234 t rotor presented a special challenge. Details of the move, by barge from Hartsville to Catoosa, near Tulsa, OK, by rail from Catoosa to Lamy, near Santa Fe, NM, and by road from Lamy to Los Alamos are described. The greatest difficulty of the successful move was the crossing of the Rio Grande river on an existing reinforced concrete bridge. The two-lane wide road transporters for the stator and rotor were fitted with outriggers to provide a four-lane wide vehicle, thus spreading the load over the entire bridge width and meeting acceptable load distribution and bridge safety factors. 2 refs., 6 figs.

Boenig, H.J.; Rogers, J.D.; McLelland, G.R.; Pelts, C.T. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); McLelland Engineering, Dallas, TX (USA); Reliance Crane and Rigging, Inc., Phoenix, AZ (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Estimation of rotor angles of synchronous machines using artificial neural networks and local PMU-based quantities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates a possibility for estimating rotor angles in the time frame of transient (angle) stability of electric power systems, for use in real-time. The proposed dynamic state estimation technique is based on the use of voltage and current phasors obtained from a phasor measurement unit supposed to be installed on the extra-high voltage side of the substation of a power plant, together with a multilayer perceptron trained off-line from simulations. We demonstrate that an intuitive approach to directly map phasor measurement inputs to the neural network to generator rotor angle does not offer satisfactory results. We found out that a good way to approach the angle estimation problem is to use two neural networks in order to estimate the sin ( ? ) and cos ( ? ) of the angle and recover the latter from these values by simple post-processing. Simulation results on a part of the Mexican interconnected system show that the approach could yield satisfactory accuracy for real-time monitoring and control of transient instability.

Alberto Del Angel; Pierre Geurts; Damien Ernst; Mevludin Glavic; Louis Wehenkel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

On the influence that the ground electrode diameter has in the propulsion efficiency of an asymmetric capacitor in nitrogen gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the propulsion force developed in an asymmetric capacitor will be calculated for three different diameters of the ground electrode. The used ion source is a small diameter wire, which generates a positive corona discharge in nitrogen gas directed to the ground electrode. By applying the fluid dynamic and electrostatic theories, all hydrodynamic and electrostatic forces that act on the considered geometries will be computed in an attempt to provide a physical insight on the force mechanism that acts on the asymmetrical capacitors, and also to understand how to increase the efficiency of propulsion.

Martins, Alexandre A. [Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Pinheiro, Mario J. [Department of Physics and Institute for Plasmas and Nuclear Fusion, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Salt-Dependent DNA Superhelix Diameter Studied by Small Angle Neutron Scattering Measurements and Monte Carlo Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Salt-Dependent DNA Superhelix Diameter Studied by Small Angle Neutron Scattering Measurements-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France ABSTRACT Using small angle neutron scattering we have measured the static the same behavior between 10 and 100 mM salt concentration: An undulation in the scattering curve

Langowski, Jörg

237

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies for Commercializing the Small Diameter Douglas-fir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;WOOD 465 ASSIGNMENT Marketing Strategies may think of this huge market and find a new way to commercialize our small diameter Douglas

238

Analyse numrique qualitative d'interactions rotor/stator dans un compresseur haute pression d'un moteur d'hlicoptre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are carried out on the centrifugal compressor of a modern heli- copter engine, for which it is assumed méthodologie systématique d'analyse. Les simulations d'interaction sont réalisées sur un compresseur centrifuge-harmoniques du chargement imposé. A qualitative numerical analysis of rotor-casing interactions in centrifugal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

Preliminary Structural Design Conceptualization for Composite Rotor for Verdant Power Water Current: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-296  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary thrust of the CRADA will be to develop a new rotor design that will allow higher current flows (>4m/s), greater swept area (6-11m), and in the process, will maximize performance and energy capture.

Hughes, S.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Real-time Stereo Visual Servoing Control of an UAV having Eight-Rotors Sergio Salazar, Hugo Romero, Jose Gomez and Rogelio Lozano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-time Stereo Visual Servoing Control of an UAV having Eight-Rotors Sergio Salazar, Hugo Romero UAV using image-based visual servoing with stereo vision. In order to control the orientation vision system we are able to estimate the UAV 3D position, while from the inertial sensors we can obtain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

3038 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 55, NO. 8, AUGUST 2008 Control of High-Speed Solid-Rotor Synchronous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stator resistance. I. INTRODUCTION UNINTERRUPTIBLE power supply (UPS) systems have been widely utilized]­[5]. High-power flywheels can provide backup power to handle the majority of power disruptions that last-Speed Solid-Rotor Synchronous Reluctance Motor/Generator for Flywheel-Based Uninterruptible Power Supplies Jae

Hofmann, Heath F.

242

Convective currents in nucleate pool boiling and their effects on the heat flux from varying diameter flat plate heating elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigation was conducred to amine the effects of convection currents in nucleate oool boil ing and to determine the changes in critical heat flux caused by varying the diameter of horizontal flat olate heating surfaces. Freon 113 (Trichlorotrifluoroethane... by high energy costs and thc need to economize in industrial heat transfer applications . I'nucleate boiling is a very efficient neans of heat transfer because of the large sur ace areas involved in vaporization of the bulk fluid. as bubbles form...

Morford, Peter Stephen

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics; March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 * NREL/SR-500-29439 1 * NREL/SR-500-29439 Kevin Smith Global Energy Concepts LLC Kirkland, Washington WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 June 2001 * NREL/SR-500-29439 WindPACT Turbine Design Scaling Studies Technical Area 2: Turbine, Rotor, and Blade Logistics March 27, 2000 to December 31, 2000 Kevin Smith Global Energy Concepts LLC Kirkland, Washington NREL Technical Monitor: Alan Laxson Prepared under Subcontract No. YAM-0-30203-01 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

244

Synchronous motor with soft start element formed between the motor rotor and motor output shaft to successfully synchronize loads that have high inertia and/or high torque  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A line-start synchronous motor has a housing, a rotor shaft, and an output shaft. A soft-start coupling portion is operatively coupled to the output shaft and the rotor shaft. The soft-start coupling portion is configurable to enable the synchronous motor to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling. The synchronous motor is sufficiently rated to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling.

Umans, Stephen D; Nisley, Donald L; Melfi, Michael J

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

245

Development and Field-Scale Optimization of a Honeycomb Zeolite Rotor Concentrator/Recuperative Oxidizer for the Abatement of Volatile Organic Carbons from Semiconductor Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Also the developed rotor performance’s was evaluated in the field; (2) Direct Fired Thermal Oxidizer (DFTO), Recuperative Oxidizer (RO), Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) and Regenerative Catalytic oxidizer (RCO) are the available incinerators and the RO was selected as the oxidizer in this work; (3) The overall performance of the developed rotor/oxidizer was explored in a field scale under varying conditions; (4) The energy saving strategy was fulfilled by reducing heat loss from the oxidizer and recovering heat from the exhaust gas. ... The available types of oxidizers include Direct Fired Thermal Oxidizer (DFTO), Recuperative Oxidizer (RO), Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) and Regenerative Catalytic oxidizer (RCO). ... cost models were derived for recuperative thermal (TO) and regenerative thermal oxidizers (RTO). ...

Ji Yang; Yufeng Chen; Limei Cao; Yuling Guo; Jinping Jia

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

246

Reliability of steam-turbine rotors. Task 1. Lifetime prediction analysis system. Final report. [Using STRAP and SAFER computer codes and boresonic data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Task 1 of RP 502, Reliability of Steam Turbine Rotors, resulted in the development of a computerized lifetime prediction analysis system (STRAP) for the automatic evaluation of rotor integrity based upon the results of a boresonic examination of near-bore defects. Concurrently an advanced boresonic examination system (TREES), designed to acquire data automatically for lifetime analysis, was developed and delivered to the maintenance shop of a major utility. This system and a semi-automated, state-of-the-art system (BUCS) were evaluated on two retired rotors as part of the Task 2 effort. A modified nonproprietary version of STRAP, called SAFER, is now available for rotor lifetime prediction analysis. STRAP and SAFER share a common fracture analysis postprocessor for rapid evaluation of either conventional boresonic amplitude data or TREES cell data. The final version of this postprocessor contains general stress intensity correlations for elliptical cracks in a radial stress gradient and provision for elastic-plastic instability of the ligament between an imbedded crack and the bore surface. Both linear elastic and ligament rupture models were developed for rapid analysis of linkup within three-dimensional clusters of defects. Bore stress-rupture criteria are included, but a creep-fatigue crack growth data base is not available. Physical and mechanical properties of air-melt 1CrMoV forgings are built into the program; however, only bounding values of fracture toughness versus temperature are available. Owing to the lack of data regarding the probability of flaw detection for the boresonic systems and of quantitative verification of the flaw linkup analysis, automatic evlauation of boresonic results is not recommended, and the lifetime prediction system is currently restricted to conservative, deterministic analysis of specified flaw geometries.

Nair, P.K.; Pennick, H.G.; Peters, J.E.; Wells, C.H.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Determination of optimum pipe diameter along with energetic and exergetic evaluation of geothermal district heating systems: Modeling and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with determination of optimum pipe diameters based on economic analysis and the performance analysis of geothermal district heating systems along with pipelines using energy and exergy analysis methods. In this regard, the Dikili geothermal district heating system (DGDHS) in Izmir, Turkey is taken as an application place, to which the methods presented here are applied with some assumptions. The system mainly consists of three cycles, namely (i) the transportation network, (ii) the Danistay region, and (iii) the Bariskent region. The thermal capacities of these regions are 21,025 and 7975 kW, respectively, while the supply (flow) and return temperature values of those are 80 and 50 °C, respectively. Based upon the assessment of the transportation network using the optimum diameter analysis method, minimum cost is calculated to be US$ 561856.906 year?1 for a nominal diameter of DN 300. The exergy destructions in the overall DGDHS are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagram. Furthermore, both energy and exergy flow diagrams are exhibited for comparison purposes. It is observed through analysis that the exergy destructions in the system particularly take place due to the exergy of the thermal water (geothermal fluid) reinjected, the heat exchanger losses, and all pumps losses, accounting for 38.77%, 10.34%, 0.76% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS. Exergy losses are also found to be 201.12817 kW and 1.94% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS for the distribution network. For the system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall DGDHS are investigated, while they are determined to be 40.21% and 50.12%, respectively.

Yildiz Kalinci; Arif Hepbasli; Ismail Tavman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Optimized Use of a 50 ?m Internal Diameter Secondary Column in a Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimized Use of a 50 ?m Internal Diameter Secondary Column in a Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography System ... The primary GC (GC1) was equipped with an AOC-20i autoinjector and a split?splitless injector (280 °C). ... The unmodulated applications carried out at ?15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 cm/s, analyzing a C17 alkane at an isothermal temperature of 155 °C (n = 3), generated N values of circa 122?600, 149?600, 147?600, 140?800, and 119?400, respectively. ...

Peter Quinto Tranchida; Giorgia Purcaro; Lanfranco Conte; Paola Dugo; Giovanni Dugo; Luigi Mondello

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

Measured Results for a New Hole-Pattern Annular Gas Seal Incorporating Larger Diameter Holes, Comparisons to Results for a Traditional Hole-Pattern Seal and Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? gamma ratio [-] j i x F ? ? Definition of stiffness [F/L] i j F x ? ? Definition of damping [F.t/L] i j F x ? ? Definition of added mass [M] ijH? Dynamic uncertainty [F/L] or [F.t/L] P? ? ? Pressure difference [F/L2...]? entrance loss P? ? Entrance loss pressure difference [F/L2]? entrance loss P'? ? Entrance loss pressure difference of seal [F/L2]? ?x, ?y Relative motion between the rotor and the stator [L] ?? ? Leakage coefficient [-] ? Non-dimensional mass...

Vannarsdall, Michael Lloyd

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

250

Experimental investigation of pressure loss and heat transfer in a rotor–stator cavity with two outlets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article presented detailed measurements of the pressure distribution and heat transfer in a rotor–stator cavity with inlet of orifices on the rotating disk and two outlets at both low radius and high radius. Transient thermochromic liquid crystal (TLC) technique was employed to determine the convective heat transfer characteristics on the test surface of the rotating disk. Rotational Reynolds numbers (Re?) ranging from 4.9 × 105 to 2.47 × 106 and dimensionless flow rate (Cw) between 6.9 × 103 and 2.72 × 104 were considered. Experimental results indicated that the characteristics of the pressure loss coefficient between the inlet and the outlet was strongly dependent on the Re? and Cw. Under the current operating conditions, the heat transfer on the surface of the rotating disk was weakened at both in the upper and lower edges for the case of r/R = 0.775 due to the existence of the recirculation. Whereas the heat transfer were enhanced near the upper radius with relatively low flow rate and high rotational speed, as well as on the middle radius with relatively high flow rate and low rotational speed.

X. Luo; G. Han; H. Wu; L. Wang; G. Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Modeling Creep-Fatigue-Environment Interactions in Steam Turbine Rotor Materials for Advanced Ultra-supercritical Coal Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to model creep-fatigue-environment interactions in steam turbine rotor materials for advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) coal power Alloy 282 plants, to develop and demonstrate computational algorithms for alloy property predictions, and to determine and model key mechanisms that contribute to the damages caused by creep-fatigue-environment interactions. The nickel based Alloy 282 is selected for this project because it is one of the leading candidate materials for the high temperature/pressure section of an A-USC steam turbine. The methods developed in the project are expected to be applicable to other metal alloys in similar steam/oxidation environments. The major developments are: ? failure mechanism and microstructural characterization ? atomistic and first principles modeling of crack tip oxygen embrittlement ? modeling of gamma prime microstructures and mesoscale microstructure-defect interactions ? microstructure and damage-based creep prediction ? multi-scale crack growth modeling considering oxidation, viscoplasticity and fatigue The technology developed in this project is expected to enable more accurate prediction of long service life of advanced alloys for A-USC power plants, and provide faster and more effective materials design, development, and implementation than current state-of-the-art computational and experimental methods. This document is a final technical report for the project, covering efforts conducted from January 2011 to January 2014.

Shen, Chen

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Sensitivity of transitions in internal rotor molecules to a possible variation of the proton-to-electron mass ratio  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, methanol was identified as a sensitive target system to probe variations of the proton-to-electron mass ratio {mu}[Jansen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 100801 (2011)]. The high sensitivity of methanol originates from the interplay between overall rotation and hindered internal rotation of the molecule; that is, transitions that convert internal rotation energy into overall rotation energy, or vice versa, have an enhanced sensitivity coefficient, K{sub {mu}}. As internal rotation is a common phenomenon in polyatomic molecules, it is likely that other molecules display similar or even larger effects. In this paper we generalize the concepts that form the foundation of the high sensitivity in methanol and use this to construct an approximate model which makes it possible to estimate the sensitivities of transitions in internal rotor molecules with C{sub 3v} symmetry, without performing a full calculation of energy levels. We find that a reliable estimate of transition sensitivities can be obtained from the three rotational constants (A, B, and C) and three torsional constants (F, V{sub 3}, and {rho}). This model is verified by comparing obtained sensitivities for methanol, acetaldehyde, acetamide, methyl formate, and acetic acid with a full analysis of the molecular Hamiltonian. Of the molecules considered, methanol is by far the most suitable candidate for laboratory and cosmological tests searching for a possible variation of {mu}.

Jansen, Paul; Ubachs, Wim; Bethlem, Hendrick L. [Institute for Lasers, Life and Biophotonics, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kleiner, Isabelle [Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systemes Atmospheriques (LISA), CNRS UMR 7583 et Universites Paris 7 et Paris Est, 61 avenue du General de Gaulle, FR-94010 Creteil Cedex (France); Xu, Li-Hong [Department of Physics and Centre for Laser, Atomic, and Molecular Sciences, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada E2L 4L5 (Canada)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

The Energy Diameter Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore various relations for the detonation energy and velocity as they relate to the inverse radius of the cylinder. The detonation rate-inverse slope relation seen in reactive flow models can be used to derive the familiar Eyring equation. Generalized inverse radii can be shown to fit large quantities of cylinder results. A rough relation between detonation energy and detonation velocity is found from collected JWL values. Cylinder test data for ammonium nitrate mixes down to 6.35 mm radii are presented, and a size energy effect is shown to exist in the Cylinder test data. The relation that detonation energy is roughly proportional to the square of the detonation velocity is shown by data and calculation.

Vitello, P; Garza, R; Hernandez, A; Souers, P C

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Energy Diameter Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various relations for the detonation energy and velocity as they relate to the inverse radius of the cylinder are explored. The detonation rate-inverse slope relation seen in reactive flow models can be used to derive the familiar Eyring equation. Generalized inverse radii can be shown to fit large quantities of cylinder and sphere results. A rough relation between detonation energy and detonation velocity is found from collected JWL values. Cylinder test data for ammonium nitrate mixes down to 6.35 mm radii are presented, and a size energy effect is shown to exist in the Cylinder test data. The relation that detonation energy is roughly proportional to the square of the detonation velocity is shown by data and calculation.

Souers, P; Vitello, P; Garza, R; Hernandez, A

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

255

A global simulation for laser driven MeV electrons in $50\\mu m$-diameter fast ignition targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results from 2.5-dimensional Particle-in-Cell simulations for the interaction of a picosecond-long ignition laser pulse with a plasma pellet of 50-$\\mu m$ diameter and 40 critical density are presented. The high density pellet is surrounded by an underdense corona and is isolated by a vacuum region from the simulation box boundary. The laser pulse is shown to filament and create density channels on the laser-plasma interface. The density channels increase the laser absorption efficiency and help generate an energetic electron distribution with a large angular spread. The combined distribution of the forward-going energetic electrons and the induced return electrons is marginally unstable to the current filament instability. The ions play an important role in neutralizing the space charges induced by the the temperature disparity between different electron groups. No global coalescing of the current filaments resulted from the instability is observed, consistent with the observed large angular spread of th...

Ren, C; Fiore, M; Fonseca, R A; Héron, A; Mori, W B; Silva, L O; Tonge, J; Tsung, F S; Tzoufras, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A study of production/injection data from slim holes and large-diameter wells at the Takigami Geothermal Field, Kyushu, Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production and injection data from nine slim holes and sixteen large-diameter wells at the Takigami Geothermal Field, Kyushu, Japan were analyzed in order to establish relationships (1) between injectivity and productivity indices, (2) between productivity/injectivity index and borehole diameter, and (3) between discharge capacity of slim holes and large-diameter wells. Results are compared with those from the Oguni and Sumikawa fields. A numerical simulator (WELBOR) was used to model the available discharge rate from Takigami boreholes. The results of numerical modeling indicate that the flow rate of large-diameter geothermal production wells with liquid feedzones can be predicted using data from slim holes. These results also indicate the importance of proper well design.

Garg, S.K. [Maxwell Federal Div., Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)] [Maxwell Federal Div., Inc., San Diego, CA (United States); Combs, J. [Geo-Hills Associates, Los Altos Hills, CA (United States)] [Geo-Hills Associates, Los Altos Hills, CA (United States); Azawa, Fumio [Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Gotoh, Hiroki [Idemitsu Oita Geothermal Co. Ltd., Oita (Japan)] [Idemitsu Oita Geothermal Co. Ltd., Oita (Japan)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Quality inspection of small diameter polymeric medical tubing and attached wire stent using TAP-NDE and the Gabor Wavelet Transform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inspection of small diameter polymeric medical tubing. A non-contact, laser-optic based technique referred to as the Thermo-Acousto-Photonic Nondestructive Evaluation (TAP-NDE) was utilized to investigate bond integrity and localized stiffening due...

Harms, Kent David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Stochastically generating tree diameter lists to populate forest stands based on the linkage variables, forest type and stand age.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forest inventory data were used to develop a stand-age-driven, stochastic predictor of unit-area, frequency-weighted lists of breast high tree diameters (DBH). The average of mean statistics from 40-simulation prediction sets of an independent 78-plot validation dataset differed from the observed validation means by 0.5 cm for DBH, and by 12 trees/h for density. The 40-simulation average of standard deviation, quartile range, maximum value and minimum value differed from the validation dataset, respectively, by 0.3, 1.3, 0.6 and 1.5 cm for DBH, and 10, 42, 29, and 54 trees/h for density. In addition, test statistics were also computed individually for each of the 40 single simulations of the 78-plot validation dataset. In all cases, the test statistics supported the null hypothesis of no difference between simulated and observed DBH lists. When power of these hypothesis test statistics was set to 80%, the calculated minimum detectable differences were still reasonably small at 2.7 cm for mean DBH and 90 trees/h for stocking. Also, the shape and dispersion of simulated mean-DBH/density scatter graphs were similar to the same scatter graph from the observed, validation dataset.

Parresol, B.R.; Lloyd, F.T.

2003-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Heat Transfer -2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Transfer - 2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature T = 10o C. The heat transfer coefficient at the wire's surface h equation that includes all heat transfer mechanisms involved in this problem. Write this energy balance

Virginia Tech

260

Fluid Mechanics -1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Mechanics - 1 An oil is used in a heat exchanger. The internal geometry consists of many small diameter tubes of fixed length (mounted in a bundle as indicated in the sketch). The oil is pumped). Assume the steady flow of the oil through each small tube is in the laminar regime. It is proposed

Virginia Tech

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The combustion of large particles of char in bubbling fluidized beds: The dependence of Sherwood number and the rate of burning on particle diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles of char derived from a variety of fuels (e.g., biomass, sewage sludge, coal, or graphite), with diameters in excess of {approx}1.5mm, burn in fluidized bed combustors containing smaller particles of, e.g., sand, such that the rate is controlled by the diffusion both of O{sub 2} to the burning solid and of the products CO and CO{sub 2} away from it into the particulate phase. It is therefore important to characterize these mass transfer processes accurately. Measurements of the burning rate of char particles made from sewage sludge suggest that the Sherwood number, Sh, increases linearly with the diameter of the fuel particle, d{sub char} (for d{sub char}>{approx}1.5mm). This linear dependence of Sh on d{sub char} is expected from the basic equation Sh=2{epsilon}{sub mf}(1+d{sub char}/2{delta}{sub diff})/{tau}, provided the thickness of the boundary layer for mass transfer, {delta}{sub diff}, is constant in the region of interest (d{sub char}>{approx}1.5mm). Such a dependence is not seen in the empirical equations currently used and based on the Frossling expression. It is found here that for chars made from sewage sludge (for d{sub char}>{approx}1.5mm), the thickness of the boundary layer for mass transfer in a fluidized bed, {delta}{sub diff}, is less than that predicted by empirical correlations based on the Frossling expression. In fact, {delta}{sub diff} is not more than the diameter of the fluidized sand particles. Finally, the experiments in this study indicate that models based on surface renewal theory should be rejected for a fluidized bed, because they give unrealistically short contact times for packets of fluidized particles at the surface of a burning sphere. The result is the new correlation Sh = 2{epsilon}{sub mf}/{tau} + (A{sub cush}/A{sub char})(d{sub char}/ {delta}{sub diff}) for the dependence of Sh on d{sub char}, the diameter of a burning char particle. This equation is based on there being a gas-cushion of fluidizing gas underneath a burning char particle; the implication of this correlation is that a completely new picture emerges for the combustion of a char particle in a hot fluidized bed. (author)

Dennis, J.S.; Hayhurst, A.N.; Scott, S.A. [University of Cambridge, Department of Chemical Engineering, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA, England (United Kingdom)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

High-Q Hybrid Plasmon-Photon Modes in a Bottle Resonator Realized with a Silver-Coated Glass Fiber with a Varying Diameter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate that hybrid plasmon-photon modes exist in a silver-coated glass bottle resonator. The bottle resonator is realized in a glass fiber with a smoothly varying diameter, which is subsequently coated with a rhodamine 800-dye doped acryl-glass layer and a 30 nm thick silver layer. We show by means of photoluminescence experiments supported by electromagnetic simulations that the rhodamine 800 photoluminescence excites hybrid plasmon-photon modes in such a bottle resonator, which provide a plasmon-type field enhancement at the outer silver surface and exhibit quality factors as high as 1000.

Andreas Rottler; Malte Harland; Markus Bröll; Matthias Klingbeil; Jens Ehlermann; Stefan Mendach

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

The new ductile fracture criterion for 30Cr2Ni4MoV ultra-super-critical rotor steel at elevated temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper a new ductile fracture criterion was derived by taking into account the plastic deformation capacity of material and stress states, which can be used to describe fracture behavior and critical rupture conditions of 30Cr2Ni4MoV ultra-super-critical rotor steel during hot forging process. In order to establish this criterion, the tensile tests at different temperatures and strain rates were firstly conducted on Gleeble-1500 thermo-mechanical simulator, and then a measurement and conversion method was applied to estimate the equivalent fracture strain ? ¯ f that represents the deformation capacity of material in ductile fracture process. Experimental results indicated that ? ¯ f greatly depends on the temperature and strain rate. A model of ? ¯ f as a function of the temperature and strain rate was also established. To validate the proposed fracture criterion, additionally, the simulation of tensile test and the fractographic observation of the tensile specimen were conducted. The upsetting tests that possess different stress states and the corresponding numerical simulations were also performed. These results show that the developed criterion can accurately predict the cracks initiation and the location of the cracks at elevated temperatures.

Jianli He; Zhenshan Cui; Fei Chen; Yanhong Xiao; Liqun Ruan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A Study of Production/Injection Data from Slim Holes and Large-Diameter Wells at the Okuaizu Geothermal Field, Tohoku, Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discharge from the Okuaizu boreholes is accompanied by in situ boiling. Analysis of cold-water injection and discharge data from the Okuaizu boreholes indicates that the two-phase productivity index is about an order of magnitude smaller than the injectivity index. The latter conclusion is in agreement with analyses of similar data from Oguni, Sumikawa, and Kirishima geothermal fields. A wellbore simulator was used to examine the effect of borehole diameter on the discharge capacity of geothermal boreholes with two-phase feedzones. Based on these analyses, it appears that it should be possible to deduce the discharge characteristics of largediameter wells using test data from slim holes with two-phase feeds.

Renner, Joel Lawrence; Garg, Sabodh K.; Combs, Jim

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Structural health and prognostics management for offshore wind turbines : case studies of rotor fault and blade damage with initial O&M cost modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operations and maintenance costs for offshore wind plants are significantly higher than the current costs for land-based (onshore) wind plants. One way to reduce these costs would be to implement a structural health and prognostic management (SHPM) system as part of a condition based maintenance paradigm with smart load management and utilize a state-based cost model to assess the economics associated with use of the SHPM system. To facilitate the development of such a system a multi-scale modeling approach developed in prior work is used to identify how the underlying physics of the system are affected by the presence of damage and faults, and how these changes manifest themselves in the operational response of a full turbine. This methodology was used to investigate two case studies: (1) the effects of rotor imbalance due to pitch error (aerodynamic imbalance) and mass imbalance and (2) disbond of the shear web; both on a 5-MW offshore wind turbine in the present report. Based on simulations of damage in the turbine model, the operational measurements that demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the damage/faults were the blade tip accelerations and local pitching moments for both imbalance and shear web disbond. The initial cost model provided a great deal of insight into the estimated savings in operations and maintenance costs due to the implementation of an effective SHPM system. The integration of the health monitoring information and O&M cost versus damage/fault severity information provides the initial steps to identify processes to reduce operations and maintenance costs for an offshore wind farm while increasing turbine availability, revenue, and overall profit.

Myrent, Noah J. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Kusnick, Joshua F. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Barrett, Natalie C. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Griffith, Daniel Todd

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effects of an acute dose of gamma radiation exposure on stem diameter growth, carbon gain, and biomass partitioning in Helianthus annuus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nineteen-day-old dwarf sunflower plants (Helianthus annuus, variety NK894) received a variable dose (0-40 Gy) from a cobalt-60 gamma source. A very sensitive stem monitoring device, developed at Battelle's Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington was used to measure real-time changes in stem diameter. Exposure of plants caused a significant reduction in stem growth and root biomass. Doses as low as 5 Gy resulted in a significant increase in leaf density, suggesting that nonreversible morphological growth changes could be induced by very low doses of radiation. Carbohydrate analysis of 40-Gy irradiated plants demonstrated significantly more starch content in leaves and significantly less starch content in stems 18 days after exposure than did control plants. In contrast, the carbohydrate content in roots of 40-Gy irradiated plants were not significantly different from unirradiated plants 18 days after exposure. These results indicate that radiation either decreased phloem transport or reduced the availability of sugar reducing enzymes in irradiated plants. 44 refs., 12 figs.

Thiede, M.E.

1988-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Project W420 Air Sampler Probe Placement Qualification Tests for Four 6-Inch Diameter Stacks: 296-A-25, 296-B-28, 296-S-22, and 296-T-18  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The W420 project covers the upgrading of effluent monitoring systems at six ventilation exhaust stacks in tank-farm facilities at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The discharge stacks of five of the six systems will be completely replaced. Four of these (296-A-25, 296-B-28, 296-S-22, and 296-T-18) will be of the same size, 6-inches in diameter and about 12-ft high. This report documents tests that were conducted to verify that these four stacks meet the applicable regulatory criteria regarding the placement of the air sampling probe. These criteria ensure that the contaminants in the stack are well mixed with the airflow at the location of the probe such that the extracted sample represents the whole. There are also criteria addressing the transport of the sample to the collection device. These are not covered in this report, but will need to be addressed later. These tests were conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on a full-scale model of the 6-inch stick. The sequence of tests addresses the acceptability of the flow angle relative to the probe and the uniformity of air velocity and gaseous and particle tracers in the cross section of the stack. All tests were successful, and all acceptance criteria were met.

Maughan, A.D.; Glissmeyer, J.A.

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

Nomenclature R mean rotor radius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Hysteresis loops 1. Introduction Axial #ow compressors are subject to two distinct aerodynamic instabilities). Automatica 37 (2001) 921}931 Brief Paper Rotating stall control for axial #ow compressors Calin Belta, rotating stall and surge, which can severely limit the compressor performance. Both these instabilities

Belta, Calin A.

269

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Innovation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others (WFO) User...

270

This issue's cover: A soil sample following crushing by a 6 cm diameter piston at 222 kN. This sample and its pristine counterpart were spiked with explosives and the explosives concentrations were monitored over  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This issue's cover: A soil sample following crushing by a 6 cm diameter piston at 222 k particles. Three soils were crushed with a piston to emulate detonation- induced fracturing. X. Our results suggest soil mineralogical and geochemical compositions were not changed during piston

Douglas, Thomas A.

271

Sandia National Laboratories: International Electrotechnical...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

anemometer towers have been installed 2.5 rotor diameters upstream of the first row of wind turbines. When fully instrumented, these towers will provide both the industry...

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc blade type Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NASA Langley Research Center Collection: Engineering 8 Sparkr Blade Test Centre Wind turbines with a rotor diameter exceed- Summary: Sparkr Blade Test Centre Wind...

273

Vortex Jitter in Hover Swathi M. Mula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

78712, USA Abstract The trajectory of the tip vortex of a reduced-scale, 1 m diameter, four-bladed rotor condition of the rotor is at a blade loading of CT / = 0.0645 and a rotational speed of 1240RPM wake dominated by the tip vortices shed from the rotor blades. The complexity of the flow

Tinney, Charles E.

274

Design and Experimental Validation of a Ducted Counter-rotating Axial-flow Fans System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,8 ) than the front rotor (FR) diameter to re- duce interaction between the FR tip vortex and the RR blade that the efficiency is strongly increased compared to a conventional rotor or to a rotor-stator stage. The effects a very flexible use, with a large patch of high efficient operating points in the parameter space

Boyer, Edmond

275

Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Kill Devil Hills Planning and Inspections In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy system to obtain a zoning permit from the town planning board. '''Size Requirements:''' Wind turbine towers are restricted to a height of 80 feet with a maximum rotor size of 23 feet in diameter. The combined

276

SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind farms vs. ~7 rotor diameters for offshore wind farms in the prevailing wind direction), especially to turbines in onshore wind farms due to the smaller turbine spacing (i.e., ~3 rotor diameters for onshore. To achieve the goal of 20% of electricity generation from wind energy by 2030, while more and more wind farms

Hu, Hui

277

Large Diameter Lasing Tube Cooling Arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cooling structure (16) for use inside a ceramic cylindrical tube (11) of a metal vapor laser (10) to cool the plasma in the tube (11), the cooling structure (16) comprising a plurality of circular metal members (17,31) and mounting members (18, 34) that position the metal members (17,31) coaxially in the tube (11) to form an annular lasing volume, with the metal members (17, 31) being axially spaced from each other along the length of the tube (11) to prevent the metal members from shorting out the current flow through the plasma in the tube (11) and to provide spaces through which the heat from localized hot spots in the plasma may radiate to the other side of the tube (11).

Hall, Jerome P.; Alger, Terry W.; Anderson, Andrew T.; Arnold, Philip A.

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

278

Extension of the semi-empirical correlation for the effects of pipe diameter and internal surface roughness on the decompression wave speed to include High Heating Value Processed Gas mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The decompression wave speed, which is used throughout the pipeline industry in connection with the Battelle two-curve method for the control of propagating ductile fracture, is typically calculated using GASDECOM (GAS DECOMpression). GASDECOM, developed in the 1970's, idealizes the decompression process as isentropic and one-dimensional, taking no account of pipe wall frictional effects or pipe diameter. Previous shock tube tests showed that decompression wave speeds in smaller diameter and rough pipes are consistently slower than those predicted by GASDECOM for the same conditions of mixture composition and initial pressure and temperature. Previous analysis based on perturbation theory and the fundamental momentum equation revealed a correction term to be subtracted from the ‘idealized’ value of the decompression speed calculated by GASDECOM. One parameter in this correction term involves a dynamic spatial pressure gradient of the outflow at the rupture location. While this is difficult to obtain without a shock tube or actual rupture test, data from 14 shock tube tests, as well as from 14 full scale burst tests involving a variety of gas mixture compositions, were analyzed to correlate the variation of this pressure gradient with two characteristics of the gas mixture, namely; the molecular weight and the higher heating value (HHV). For lean to moderately-rich gas mixes, the developed semi-empirical correlation was found to fit very well the experimentally determined decompression wave speed curve. For extremely rich gas mixes, such as High Heating Value Processed Gas (HHVPG) mixtures of HHV up to 58 MJ/m3, it was found that it overestimates the correction term. Therefore, additional shock tube tests were conducted on (HHVPG) mixes, and the previously developed semi-empirical correlation was extended (revised) to account for such extremity in the richness of the gas mixtures. The newly developed semi-empirical correlation covers a wider range of natural gas mixtures from as lean as pure methane up to HHVPG mixtures of HHV = 58 MJ/m3.

K.K. Botros; L. Carlson; M. Reed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Changes of the transverse diameter and volume and dosimetry before the 25th fraction during the course of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To quantify changes of the transverse diameter and volume and dosimetry, and to illustrate the inferiority of non-replanning during intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Fifty-three NPC patients who received IMRT in 33 fractions were enrolled in this prospective trial. Before the 25th fraction, a new simulation computed tomography (CT) scan was acquired for all patients. The dose-volume histograms of the phantom plan were compared with the initial plan. Significant reduction of the transverse diameter of the nasopharyngeal, the neck, and 2 parotid glands volume was observed on second CT compared with the first CT (mean reduction 7.48 {+-} 4.45 mm, 6.80 {+-} 15.14 mm, 5.70 {+-} 6.26 mL, and 5.04 {+-} 5.85 mL, respectively; p < 0.01). The maximum dose and V-40 of the spinal cord, mean dose, and V30 of the left and right parotid, and V-50 of the brain stem were increased significantly in the phantom plan compared with the initial plan (mean increase 4.75 {+-} 5.55 Gy, 7.18 {+-} 10.07%, 4.51 {+-} 8.55 Gy, 6.59 {+-} 17.82%, 5.33 {+-} 8.55 Gy, 11.68 {+-} 17.11% and 1.48 {+-} 3.67%, respectively; p < 0.01). On the basis of dose constraint criterion in the RTOG0225 protocol, the dose of the normal critical structures for 52.83% (28/53) of the phantom plans were out of limit compared with 1.89% (1/53) of the initial plans (p < 0.0001). Because of the significant change in anatomy and dose before the 25th fraction during IMRT, replanning should be necessary during IMRT with NPC.

Yang Haihua [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taizhou Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Taizhou, Zhejiang (China); Hu Wei, E-mail: huw@tzhospital.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taizhou Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Taizhou, Zhejiang (China); Ding Weijun; Shan Guoping; Wang Wei; Yu Changhui; Wang Biyun; Shao Minghai; Wang Jianhua; Yang Weifang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Taizhou Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Taizhou, Zhejiang (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sandia National Laboratories: SMART Rotor Video  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photovoltaics Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Design Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others (WFO) User...

282

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Aerodynamic Design  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others (WFO) User...

283

Energy storage in composite flywheel rotors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: As the push continues for increased use of renewables on the electricity grid, the problem of energy storage is becoming more urgent than… (more)

Janse van Rensburg, Petrus J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Sandia National Laboratories: functional rotor scaling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Doppler Velocimeter EC Top Publications A Comparison of Platform Options for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Nonlinear Time-Domain...

285

Joules of Wisdom: Top Things You Didn't Know About Energy | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

photo. Top 9 Things You Didn't Know About America's Power Grid Bigger and Stronger: Wind turbines are soaring to record sizes. The average rotor diameter of turbines installed in...

286

Top 10 Things You Didn't Know About Wind Power | Department of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Didn't Know About Wind Power August 18, 2014 - 7:40am Addthis Bigger and Stronger: Wind turbines are soaring to record sizes. The average rotor diameter of turbines installed in...

287

2013 Wind Week | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

per kilowatt hour. | Photo courtesy of Juhl Energy. 4 of 9 Bigger and Stronger: Wind turbines are soaring to record sizes. The average rotor diameter of turbines installed in...

288

2013 Wind Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

per kilowatt hour. | Photo courtesy of Juhl Energy. 4 of 9 Bigger and Stronger: Wind turbines are soaring to record sizes. The average rotor diameter of turbines installed in...

289

A NUMERICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF WINDBACK SEALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance and the flow field inside the seal. The leakage flow rate increases with increasing the pressure differential, rotor speed, radial clearance, cavity size, and shaft diameter and with decreasing the tooth width. The eccentricity has a minimal effect...

Lim, Chae H.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

290

Periodic Holes with 10 nm Diameter Produced by Grazing Ar+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the surface of a saturated mercury dichloride (HgCl2) solution, with the aluminum metal side on the bottom acid solution at 40 V at 5 °C for at least 1 day.10,11 A homogeneous U-shaped barrier oxide layer, 20PO4 mixed etching solution at 60 °C for 3 h, to remove the initial Al2O3 layer and leave an ordered

Metzger, Robert M.

291

Approximating the Diameter of Planar Graphs in Near Linear Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

common starting vertex. Let Gin (resp. Gout) be the subgraph of G induced by C and all interior (resp. exterior) vertices to C. Let d(Gin, Gout, G) denote the largest distance in the graph G between a marked vertex in V (Gin) and a marked vertex in V (Gout). In the beginning, all vertices of G are marked and we

Yuster, Raphael

292

Drill wear: its effect on the diameter of drilled holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

drills are made of oae of two differeat materials. The most common material in use today 1s aa 18-4-1 type of high speed steel. This steel contains about O. VS per cent carboa, 18. 00 per eeet tungstea, 4. 00 per cent chromium, and 1. 10 per eeet... vanadium. The primary advaatage of steel of this type is its ability to maintain its cutt1ng edge and haxdaess at high tempexatures. Besides beiag used for drills, this steel finds applicntioa in waay other tools such as willing cutters, taps, reamers...

Reichert, William Frederick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

Method of making tapered capillary tips with constant inner diameters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming electrospray ionization emitter tips are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, an end portion of a capillary tube can be immersed into an etchant, wherein the etchant forms a concave meniscus on the outer surface of the capillary. Variable etching rates in the meniscus can cause an external taper to form. While etching the outer surface of the capillary wall, a fluid can be flowed through the interior of the capillary tube. Etching continues until the immersed portion of the capillary tube is completely etched away.

Kelly, Ryan T. (West Richland, WA); Page, Jason S. (Kennewick, WA); Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

294

The effect of pipe diameter on orifice mixers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Northup Type E 2430D Moving coil galvanometer or fractions 10 of the current could be measured. The plate voltage for the phototube was supplied by four batteries (45 volts ) which were wired in series to give 180 voltage potential. An external damping... ~D~L~H %e ~QCE~i we, l ~DANIE Q~ e, 2 (2) (4) (s) (e) (10) (II) (I2) The powers in each of the expressions were determined by the method of the least squares. The results are shown in Table L In addition the correlation coefficient...

Tomme, Warren James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Managed operation and repair of a deteriorating large diameter pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1986, Brandon Shores Generating Station has successfully managed a recurring maintenance problem with the buried prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) of its circulating water system. It is the intent of this paper to provide a history of the plant`s approach to safely operating and maintaining the deteriorating pipe of this system. This paper will briefly discuss the results of failure analysis performed on the ruptured pipe. Findings of engineering studies addressing the structural integrity of the remaining pipeline will be discussed. The inspection methodology used at Brandon Shores to periodically assess the pipe will be described. Several methods of pipe repair, both external and internal will be detailed. Particular focus will be placed on an internal repair design successfully implemented on two pipe sections during a 1993 plant outage. This internal repair resulted in no loss of hydraulic section, and was erected in-place using conventional materials which were entirely transported through 36 inch manholes. The pipeline was placed back in service and has performed satisfactorily to date.

Cramblitt, K.L. [Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Baltimore, MD (United States); Lawson, T.J. [Construction Technology Laboratories Inc., Skokie, IL (United States); Ciolko, A.T. [Construction Technology Labs. Inc., Skokie, IL (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Reducing pressure loss of large diameter check valves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transcend Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in the use of computer simulation to optimize existing equipment and system designs, was approached by Mannesmann Demag AG, Moenchengladbach, Germany to optimize the design of its DRV-B check valve. In one of the first applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technology to valve design, the pressure loss coefficient (K) of the DRV-B valve was lowered to 0.40--0.50 for valve sizes NPS48--NPS12, the lowest possible level for this type of valve. The flow efficiency is three times better than that of the earlier design. As a result, the optimized Mannesmann Demag DRV-B check valve provides a dramatic reduction in operating cost, particularly in transmission service where natural gas is transported over long distances. The reduced pressure loss saves compressor fuel cost. For the optimized valve, the incremental compressor fuel cost is reduced to 1.5-times the capital cost of the valve calculated over a 20-year Life Cycle Cost (LCC) period.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Nanopatterning Fabrication of a 60-nm-Diameter Perfectly Round  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. J. Morton, Prof. S. Y. Chou Nanostructure Laboratory Department of Electrical Engineering Princeton University, NJ 8544(USA) E-mail: chou@princeton.edu DOI: 10.1002/smll.201000104 Keywords: liquefaction W and 10 mtorrfor 2 min(Plasma Therm SLR 720) to facilitate the su

298

Flow visualization and analysis of aerodynamically detuned supersonic rotors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of aerodynamic detuning on the supersonic steady and unsteady blade passage flow field is experimentally investigated on a free surface water table by means of color Schlieren and shadowgraph flow v...

C. S. Farmer; S. Fleeter

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report documents the data post-processing and analysis performed to date on the field test data.

300

DOE and Sandia National Laboratories Develop National Rotor Testbed...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The SWiFT facility, which was commissioned this July, is unique in that it utilizes wind turbines that are large enough to represent the physics relevant to utility-scale machines,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The positioning of the probes can be seen in Figure l. These voltages were read digitally using a computer equipped with an Analog/Digital Card. MATLAB Simulink was used to interface with the data acquisition card and obtain the data. A Simulink model... enters the window it is perturbed so that it is forced into the orbit just below the window. This orbit can be of any period. The MATLAB Simulink implementation of this controller used for experimentation is shown below: Figure 14: Simulink Model...

Fisher, James Robert, 1979-

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

302

Magnetism and Mott transition: A slave-rotor study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the debate of the spin-density-wave (SDW) versus local-moment (LM) picture in the iron-based superconducting (FeSC) materials, we consider a two-band orbital-symmetric Hubbard model in which there is robust ...

Ko, Wing Ho

303

Symmetry and dynamics of molecular rotors in amphidynamic molecular crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...similar in magnitude to the gas phase rotational barrier for the methyl groups...Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia, 1514 Research...dispersion in mineral oil) in 500 mL of 1,2-dimethoxyethane...Eibling and J. Li, Unique gas and hydrocarbon adsorption...

Steven D. Karlen; Horacio Reyes; R. E. Taylor; Saeed I. Khan; M. Frederick Hawthorne; Miguel A. Garcia-Garibay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Symmetry and dynamics of molecular rotors in amphidynamic molecular crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...axial symmetry order Cn represented with a heavy line with the enclosure formed by their close...Nano & Molecular Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia...20 g of a 60% dispersion in mineral oil) in 500 mL of 1,2-dimethoxyethane...

Steven D. Karlen; Horacio Reyes; R. E. Taylor; Saeed I. Khan; M. Frederick Hawthorne; Miguel A. Garcia-Garibay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Hybrid Rotor Compression for Multiphase and Liquids-Rich Wellhead  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction OsComp Systems sought out to design a compressor that could help to make the production and transportation of natural gas more cost effective for producers,...

306

Bending vibration measurement on rotors by laser vibrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new technique is proposed for noncontact measurement of bending vibration directly from a rotating component. This notoriously difficult and previously unattained measurement is a...

Miles, Toby; Lucas, Margaret; Rothberg, Steve

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Design Study ofa 1MW Stall Regulated Rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of special tailored airfoils has been found to be around 4% on the annual energy production and 1 55 4.8 Summary 56 5 Comparison with LM 24.0 59 5.1 Assumptions 59 5.2 Geometry 60 5.3 Annual energy production and loads 62 5.4 Materia

308

Engineering rotor ring stoichiometries in the ATP synthase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the future. The proposed strategy for altering the ion-to-ATP...force fields: Limitations of gas-phase quantum mechanics...sequencing (Scientific Research and Development GmbH and Eurofins MWG GmbH...biology. Proton-powered turbine of a plant motor. Nature 405...

Denys Pogoryelov; Adriana L. Klyszejko; Ganna O. Krasnoselska; Eva-Maria Heller; Vanessa Leone; Julian D. Langer; Janet Vonck; Daniel J. Müller; José D. Faraldo-Gómez; Thomas Meier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

SMART Wind Turbine Rotor: Data Analysis and Conclusions  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

system HP high-pressure (the nominally upwind surface of a HAWT blade) IMU inertial measurement unit inboard toward the root end of a wind turbine blade LE leading edge of wind...

310

CFD Simulation of the NREL Phase VI Rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simulation of the turbulent and potentially separating flow around a rotating, twisted, and tapered airfoil is a challenging task for CFD simulations. This paper describes CFD simulations of the NREL Phase VI turbine that was experimentally characterized in the 24.4m x 36.6m NREL/NASA Ames wind tunnel (Hand et al., 2001). All computations in this article are performed on the experimental base configuration of 0o yaw angle, 3o tip pitch angle, and a rotation rate of 72 rpm. The significance of specific mesh resolution regions to the accuracy of the CFD prediction is discussed. The ability of CFD to capture bulk quantities, such as the shaft torque, and the detailed flow characteristics, such as the surface pressure distributions, are explored for different inlet wind speeds. Finally, the significant three-dimensionality of the boundary layer flow is demonstrated.

Song, Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brushless adjustable field excitation for high starting torque, field weakening, and power factor improvement and novel locks for higher peak speed. This novel machine shows...

312

Sandia National Laboratories: capture more wind with longer rotors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plan Webinar Wednesday, Jan. 14 Sandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Design and Analysis for...

313

Sandia National Laboratories: Rotor Blade Sensors and Instrumentation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engine Test Facility Central Receiver Test Facility Power Towers for Utilities Solar Furnace Dish Test Facility Optics Lab Parabolic Dishes Work For Others (WFO) User...

314

Development of integral bladed rotor using linear optimisation technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bladed disks are the most flexible elements in high speed rotating machinery. Stress analysis of these elements present some challenges. These challenges stem from high stress gradients due to contact faces, the non-linearities attending conforming contact with friction. Thermal gradients are also encountered across the disc bore and rim due to uneven temperature distribution. The rim of the disc is made heavier to resist the centrifugal pull of the blade, thus making the assembly heavier. Investigations have been carried out to develop and improve 'blisks' which are integrated version of blades and disc, offering significant weight saving. The present paper describes the possible development process of upgrading a general purpose conventional bladed disc of a single stage compressor into blisk, using linear programme, a finite element analysis tool for linear optimisation, as a dedicated 'design-tool' keeping the same operating conditions and the allowable design limits through numerical models. Design methodology, burst-failure criteria of blisk and bladed disc are discussed in full length. This tool developed exploits the quick convergence ability of a linear system for handling large iterations and overcomes the limitation imposed by material non-linearity, over-speed and burst margin for all decision points based on stress, strain and displacement, in the design-flow process.

K. Kumar; S.L. Ajit Prasad; K. Ramachandra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Engineering rotor ring stoichiometries in the ATP synthase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Limitations of gas-phase quantum mechanics...the University of Technology...Scientific Research and Development GmbH and Eurofins...10 Genetic fusion technology (3, 4) Thermophilic...10 Genetic fusion technology...Proton-powered turbine of a plant motor...

Denys Pogoryelov; Adriana L. Klyszejko; Ganna O. Krasnoselska; Eva-Maria Heller; Vanessa Leone; Julian D. Langer; Janet Vonck; Daniel J. Müller; José D. Faraldo-Gómez; Thomas Meier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Characteristics of a multiple disk pump with turbulent rotor flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIRHETER IINIt tl, DISCHARGE OIANETER IINlt 3. CLEARANCE OETHEEN DISKS 0. 13636 IN. TYPE SEALJ PRCKING DISKFLO PUHP; NODEL K03 TOTRL HERO HORSEPOHER X EFFICIENCY + NPSH AVAIL V Figure 12. Performance of the 11 Disk Pump at 890 rpm (Test 2) C& C...: D. 13636 IN 111'E 5EAI. PACK(NO OISKFLD PL'. "P: HDD L 40 TOTAL HERO HDRSEPOHER X EFFICIENCY + NPSH AVAIL Y Figure 14 . Performance of the 1 1 Disk Pump at 1 790 rpm ( Tes t 1 ) CV o O C) CI O C) O \\ C CC C O I-!-W I o O O O 6 )3...

Roddy, Patrick James

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Drop-size distribution for crosscurrent breakup of a liquid jet in a convective airstream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an apparatus has been designed and constructed. A laser diffraction particle analyzer technique is used to spatially measure the spray Sauter-Mean Diameters. The Rosin-Rammler two parameter model is assumed for the droplet size distribution. Injection pressure...

Lyn, Gregory Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A broad review of the structure and properties of carbon nanotubes is presented. Particular emphasis is given to ... dimensional density of states predicted for single-wall nanotubes of small diameter. The eviden...

M. S. Dresselhaus; G. Dresselhaus…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Any correspondence concerning this service should be sent to the repository administrator: staff-oatao@inp-toulouse.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ments inserted in a pipe, column or reactor. They redistribute the fluid in directions transverse the resulting Sauter mean diameters. The comparison between residence time in the mixer and surfactants

Mailhes, Corinne

320

Shake Table Test on the 1:30 Model Structure of a Large Cooling Tower for Fire Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For understanding the seismic behaviour of extra-large scale cooling tower with dimension of 220 meters high and 188 meters in diameter, the shake table tests for its’ 1:30 (length ratio) tower model were carr...

J. W. Dai; X. R. Weng; Y. Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Two phase flow in capillary tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

Suo, Mikio

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Heat flux limiting sleeves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heat limiting tubular sleeve extending over only a portion of a tube having a generally uniform outside diameter, the sleeve being open on both ends, having one end thereof larger in diameter than the other end thereof and having a wall thickness which decreases in the same direction as the diameter of the sleeve decreases so that the heat transfer through the sleeve and tube is less adjacent the large diameter end of the sleeve than adjacent the other end thereof.

Harris, William G. (Tampa, FL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Design of a variable reluctance asymmetric stepping millimotor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the design, simulation, and preliminary testing of a three phase variable reluctance stepping motor. This motor is pancake-shaped with an overall outside diameter of 8 mm and a height of 3 mm. The outside diameter of the rotor is 4.7 mm. The rotor and stators occupy 2 mm of the height with the remaining 1 mm reserved for a 6:1 planetary gear reductor. The rotor and stators were constructed of Hyperco 50 using conventional miniature machining. The reductor was assembled using copper and PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate) components that were constructed using the LIGA (Lithographic Galvanoformung Abformung) microfabrication process. The maximum measured stall torque of the motor without the reductor is 0.47mNm at 4W and the maximum speed is 2,400 rpm.

GARCIA,ERNEST J.; GREENWOOD,WILLIAM H.; OLIVER,ANDREW D.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

JOURNALDE PHYSIQUEIV ColloqueC7, suppl6ment au Journal de Physique 111,Vol. 1, dhmbre 1991  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metastable state 0, ('A) which i s chemically generated. The 1.315 pin wavelength has excel lent atmospheric system (figure I)consists o f a bubble column singlet oxygen generator, a water vapor cold trap mm i n diameter, has 1000 holes each 2 mm i n diameter. The water vapor trap i s composed o f two

Boyer, Edmond

325

Quantum dot-based nanomaterials for biological imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum dot-based fluorescent probes were synthesized and applied to biological imaging in two distinct size regimes: (1) 100-1000 nm and (2) < 10 nm in diameter. The larger diameter range was accessed by doping CdSe/ZnS ...

Zimmer, John P. (John Philip)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Wind-Tunnel Simulation of the Wake of a Large Wind Turbine in a Stable Boundary Layer: Part 2, the Wake Flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements have been made in the wake of a model wind turbine in both a neutral and a stable atmospheric boundary layer, in the EnFlo stratified-flow wind tunnel, between 0.5 and 10 rotor diameters from the ...

Philip E. Hancock; Frauke Pascheke

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Fabrication of small-orifice fuel injectors for diesel engines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diesel fuel injector nozzles with spray hole diameters of 50-75 {micro}m have been fabricated via electroless nickel plating of conventionally made nozzles. Thick layers of nickel are deposited onto the orifice interior surfaces, reducing the diameter from {approx}200 {micro}m to the target diameter. The nickel plate is hard, smooth, and adherent, and covers the orifice interior surfaces uniformly.

Woodford, J. B.; Fenske, G. R.

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

329

Project W320 52-inch diameter equipment container load test: Test report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This test report summarizes testing activities and documents the results of the load tests performed on-site and off-site to structural qualify the 52-inch equipment containers designed and fabricated under Project W-320.

Bellomy, J.R.

1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

Modeling Diameter Distributions of Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide-co-methacrylic Acid) Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quang Cao, Peng Tian, Qinglin Wu School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Ag of 0.05 and 0.10 showed trends similar to those displayed in the observed data. VVC 2008 Wiley- tributions of gas-evaporated nanoparticles.21,22 Most of these models are based on coagulation theory

Cao, Quang V.

331

Improvement of Kalai-Kleitman bound for the diameter of a polyhedron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 18, 2014 ... Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Tech- nology, 2-12-1-W9-58, Oo-Okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, ...

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

332

Interspecies Comparison of Morphology, Ultrastructure, and Proteome of Mammalian Keratin Fibers of Similar Diameter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microscopy samples were scoured for two minutes twice at 60 °C with 0.15% nonyl phenyl ethoxylate (trade name Teric GN9) and then tap water, rinsed in ultrapure water (60 °C), air-dried, scoured again at room temperature for 30 s in heptane and tap water, then at 40 °C in 0.15% Teric, tap water, and ultrapure water, and air-dried again. ... Figure 1a–d illustrates tufts of fibers from each species prior to scouring and close to the natural arrangement. ... differences in wool proteins were found between wools, suggesting that differences in their properties arose mainly from quant. ...

Ancy Thomas; Duane P. Harland; Stefan Clerens; Santanu Deb-Choudhury; James A. Vernon; Gail L. Krsinic; Richard J. Walls; Charisa D. Cornellison; Jeffrey E. Plowman; Jolon M. Dyer

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

333

Ways of improving efficiency of turbine stages having high blade height to mean diameter ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose an approximate method for profiling the blades of steam-turbine last stages with a high height to ... variable slope along the height that allows better efficiency of the turbine unit to be obtained.

G. A. Filippov; A. R. Avetisyan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Critical tube diameter for detonation transmission and critical initiation energy of spherical detonation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Two experimental setups are used to study propagation and attenuation of blast waves. In the first one, the blast wave is generated by a spherical detonation, and in the second one, the ... is created by the d...

I. Sochet; T. Lamy; J. Brossard; C. Vaglio; R. Cayzac

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

DISCOVERY OF THE SMALL-DIAMETER, YOUNG SUPERNOVA REMNANT G354.4+0.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a shell-like structure G354.4+0.0 of size 1.'6 that shows the morphology of a shell supernova remnant (SNR). Part of the structure shows polarized emission in a NRAO VLA sky survey map. Based on 330 MHz and 1.4 GHz Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope observations and existing observations at higher frequencies, we conclude that the partial shell structure showing synchrotron emission is embedded in an extended H II region of size {approx}4'. The spectrum of the diffuse H II region turns over between 1.4 GHz and 330 MHz. The H I absorption spectrum shows this objected to be located more than 5 kpc from Sun. Based on its morphology, non-thermal polarized emission, and size, this object is one of the youngest SNRs discovered in the Galaxy with an estimated age of {approx}100-500 yr.

Roy, Subhashis [NCRA-TIFR, Pune 411007 (India); Pal, Sabyasachi, E-mail: roy@ncra.tifr.res.in, E-mail: sabya@csp.res.in [Indian Centre for Space Physics, Kolkata 700084 (India)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

The Variability of LateType Stars' Diameters Measured Using MidInfrared Interferometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a , D. D. S. Hale b , and C. H. Townes a a Space Sciences Laboratory, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 b and a narrow bandpass appear to be optimum for penetrating the dust and gas and obtaining a representative description can be found in Hale et al. (2000). 2 Baselines up to 56 m were used to measure visibilities of ff

California at Berkeley, University of

337

An improved Kalai-Kleitman bound for the diameter of a polyhedron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 19, 2014 ... related paper, Ziegler [19], gives the history of the Hirsch conjecture that ?b(d, ... ?School of Operations Research and Information Engineering, ...

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

Development length of three-eights inch diameter, seven-wire concrete prestressing cable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?nsfex lear?th of the seven--wir ". I, ar!d is not (LI ectly inllu(!!&ccd by (ilia effcc I, . 'I&HO f!"lc!, lon'-'1 PI!d mP('h';. !Iical I'c ', , I;, nc -' are lncl cs!Ced cor- siderablv ouc to tho helically folmed s i;. :. n('i. Thus Lh" vve&d&sin&" cfi... lmes pI'es ti e . sed 0 0 hi j'h as sevPn ? tcn! hs of the . , t, cel strand yield strength. This is tbe coda &allowable 1 f' or I, be stra&nc&. Since& this pract:I cc: has been p! oved to bc &!- fe bv extensive te is, the amount o& pr cstrc, . : i...

George, Jimmy Donnell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Biomass quantification of live trees in a mixed evergreen forest using diameter-based allometric equations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biomass quantification methods have become of increased interest recently due to the threat of climate change. Organizations such as the California Climate Action Registry (CCAR)… (more)

Coltrin, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Theoretical and experimental analysis of droplet diameter, temperature, and evaporation rate evolution in cryogenic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evolution in cryogenic sprays G. Aguilar a,b,*, B. Majaron b,d , W. Verkruysse b , Y. Zhou c , J.S. Nelson a 27 June 2000; received in revised form 17 November 2000 Abstract Cryogenic sprays are used eciency, a detailed characterization and understanding of cryogen spray formation is required. Various

Aguilar, Guillermo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Strain-Based Design Methodology of Large Diameter Grade X80 Linepipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuous growth in energy demand is driving oil and natural gas production to areas that are often located far from major markets where the terrain is prone to earthquakes, landslides, and other types of ground motion. Transmission pipelines that cross this type of terrain can experience large longitudinal strains and plastic circumferential elongation as the pipeline experiences alignment changes resulting from differential ground movement. Such displacements can potentially impact pipeline safety by adversely affecting structural capacity and leak tight integrity of the linepipe steel. Planning for new long-distance transmission pipelines usually involves consideration of higher strength linepipe steels because their use allows pipeline operators to reduce the overall cost of pipeline construction and increase pipeline throughput by increasing the operating pressure. The design trend for new pipelines in areas prone to ground movement has evolved over the last 10 years from a stress-based design approach to a strain-based design (SBD) approach to further realize the cost benefits from using higher strength linepipe steels. This report presents an overview of SBD for pipelines subjected to large longitudinal strain and high internal pressure with emphasis on the tensile strain capacity of high-strength microalloyed linepipe steel. The technical basis for this report involved engineering analysis and examination of the mechanical behavior of Grade X80 linepipe steel in both the longitudinal and circumferential directions. Testing was conducted to assess effects on material processing including as-rolled, expanded, and heat treatment processing intended to simulate coating application. Elastic-plastic and low-cycle fatigue analyses were also performed with varying internal pressures. Proposed SBD models discussed in this report are based on classical plasticity theory and account for material anisotropy, triaxial strain, and microstructural damage effects developed from test data. The results are intended to enhance SBD and analysis methods for producing safe and cost effective pipelines capable of accommodating large plastic strains in seismically active arctic areas.

Lower, Mark D. [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Calibration of a Neutron Hydroprobe for Moisture Measurements in Small-Diameter Steel-Cased Boreholes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computation of soil moisture content from thermalized neutron counts for the T-Farm Interim cover requires a calibration relationship but none exists for 2-in tubes. A number of calibration options are available for the neutron probe, including vendor calibration, field calibration, but none of these methods were deemed appropriate for the configuration of interest. The objective of this work was to develop a calibration relation for converting neutron counts measured in 2-in access tubes to soil water content. The calibration method chosen for this study was a computational approach using the Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code (MCNP). Model calibration was performed using field measurements in the Hanford calibration models with 6-in access tubes, in air and in the probe shield. The bet-fit model relating known water content to measured neutron counts was an exponential model that was essentially equivalent to that currently being used for 6-in steel cased wells. The MCNP simulations successfully predicted the neutron count rate for the neutron shield and the three calibration models for which data were collected in the field. However, predictions for air were about 65% lower than the measured counts . This discrepancy can be attributed to uncertainties in the configuration used for the air measurements. MCNP-simulated counts for the physical models were essentially equal to the measured counts with values. Accurate prediction of the response in 6-in casings in the three calibration models was motivation to predict the response in 2-in access tubes. Simulations were performed for six of the seven calibration models as well as 4 virtual models with the entire set covering a moisture range of 0 to 40%. Predicted counts for the calibration models with 2-in access tubes were 40 to 50% higher than in the 6-inch tubes. Predicted counts for water were about 60% higher in the 2-in tube than in the 6-in tube. The discrepancy between the 2-in and 6-in tube can be attributed to the smaller air gap between the probe and the 2-in access tube. The best-fit model relating volumetric water content to count ratio (CR) is of the form e^A x CR^B with A=0.3596 ± 0.0216 and B=0.4629 ± 0.0629 and r^2= 0.9998. It is recommended that the calibration function based on the count ratio, rather than raw counts, be used to avoid the effects of electronic noise in the probe that may arise due to the conditions at the time of measurement. These results suggest that the MCNP code can be used to extend calibrations for the neutron probe to different conditions including access tube size as well as composition without the need to construct additional physical models.

Ward, Anderson L.; Wittman, Richard S.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Using image processing to measure tree crown diameters and estimate percent crown closure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 92 15739. 78 12458. 89 14827. 1D 34621. 61 29827. 54 31822. 85 2'l709. 21 17220. 59 16172. 18 16078. 61 15824. 26 28936. 74 26003. 63 26839. 35 24482. 40 16616. 60 15824. 26 26422. 72 zszee. es 14828. 65 14340. 70 23922. 95 22465. 35...

Gabriel, Darren Kyle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

a 3.37 mm length b 3.32 mm diameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5.2 ml retinal subtense 300 µm/deg retinal arc 51 mm retinal area* 1024 ± 184 mm2 total.3 µl retinal subtense 31 µm/deg retinal arc 4.9 mm retinal area 15.6 mm2 cone:rod ratio 0/deg retinal arc 10.6 mm retinal area 52 mm2 cone:rod ratio mean cone density* mm-2 mean rod

Marc, Robert E.

345

Diameter Controlled CVD Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Theerapol Thurakitseree1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is required for some applications such as electrical circuits1-3 , optical devices4,5 , and solar cells6 the report by Hata et al.16 water-assisted CVD has been widely used to obtain high-yield growth of vertically was significantly reduced by water-assisted reduction. Lastly, many metals have been used as active catalysts

Maruyama, Shigeo

346

Towards stellar effective temperatures and diameters at 1 per cent accuracy for future surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Catalog, NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive (2003) available at: http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/applications/Gator/ . Datson J. , Flynn C., Portinari L. MNRAS (2012) 426:484. Datson J. , Flynn C., Portinari L. (2014) preprint......

L. Casagrande; L. Portinari; I. S. Glass; D. Laney; V. Silva Aguirre; J. Datson; J. Andersen; B. Nordström; J. Holmberg; C. Flynn; M. Asplund

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Near-infrared angular diameters of a few asymptotic giant branch variables by lunar occultations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Archive, http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/Gator/nph-dd?catalog=fp_psc . Di Benedetto G. P. , 1993...Archive, http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/Gator/nph*dd?catalog=iraspsc . Kahane C. , Jura M., 1994......

Tapas Baug; T. Chandrasekhar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast-iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and attaching a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service (which results in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1--Program Management was previously completed. Two reports, one describing the program management plan and the other consisting of the technology assessment, were submitted to the DOE COR in the first quarter. Task 2--Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications and Task 3--Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves are now well underway. First-quarter activities included conducting detailed analyses to determine the capabilities of coiled-tubing locomotion for entering and repairing gas mains and the first design iteration of the joint-sealing sleeve. The maximum horizontal reach of coiled tubing inside a pipeline before buckling prevents further access was calculated for a wide range of coiled-tubing string designs and pipe environments. Work conducted in the second quarter consisted of: (1) selecting a preferred pan/zoom/tilt camera; (2) initiating design of the digital control electronics and switching power supply for the control and operation of the in-pipe robotic modules; (3) continuing design of the repair sleeve and (4) initial testing of the wall-cleaning device. Most recently, activities in the third quarter included: (1) development of the system's pan/zoom/tilt camera control electronics and operating software, and implementing these in the surface and downhole modules and (2) further testing of the wall-cleaning elements used to clean the inside of the bell and spigot joints. Details of these activities are described in the body of the report along with a summary of events scheduled for the fourth quarter.

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Robust Diameter-Based Thickness Estimation of 3D Objects Xavier Rolland-Nevi`erea,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processing pipeline may pro- duce a range of artifacts such as gaps, holes, non-manifold parts and triangle soups. While a thread of research has focused on repairing defect-laden data or removing artifacts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. The bell-and-spigot joints tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple cast-iron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs while the pipe remains in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and attaching a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service (which results in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct repair operations on live mains. The development effort is divided into eleven tasks. Task 1-Program Management was previously completed. Two reports, one describing the program management plan and the other consisting of the technology assessment, were submitted to the DOE COR in the first quarter. Task 2-Establishment of Detailed Design Specifications and Task 3-Design and Fabricate Ratcheting Stainless-Steel Repair Sleeves are now well underway. First-quarter activities included conducting detailed analyses to determine the capabilities of coiled-tubing locomotion for entering and repairing gas mains and the first design iteration of the joint-sealing sleeve. The maximum horizontal reach of coiled tubing inside a pipeline before buckling prevents further access was calculated for a wide range of coiled-tubing string designs and pipe environments. Work conducted in the second quarter consisted of: (1) selecting a preferred pan/zoom/tilt camera; (2) initiating design of the digital control electronics and switching power supply for the control and operation of the in-pipe robotic modules; (3) continuing design of the repair sleeve and (4) initial testing of the wall-cleaning device. Activities in the third quarter included: (1) development of the system's pan/zoom/tilt camera control electronics and operating software, and implementing these in the surface and downhole modules and (2) further testing of the wall-cleaning elements used to clean the inside of the bell and spigot joints. Most recently, fourth quarter developments were centered on designing and testing the pipe-wall cleaning device including the selection of the drive motor and its control electronics. In addition, efforts were also focused on the design of the repair sleeve. Details of these activities are described in the body of the report along with a summary of events scheduled for the next quarter.

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

SEALING LARGE-DIAMETER CAST-IRON PIPE JOINTS UNDER LIVE CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities in the U.S. operate over 75,000 km (47,000 miles) of old cast-iron pipes for gas distribution. Bell-and-spigot joints that connect pipe sections together tend to leak as these pipes age. Current repair practices are costly and highly disruptive. The objective of this program is to design, test and commercialize a robotic system capable of sealing multiple castiron bell and spigot joints from a single pipe entry point. The proposed system will perform repairs with the pipe in service by traveling through the pipe, cleaning each joint surface, and installing a stainless-steel sleeve lined with an epoxy-impregnated felt across the joint. This approach will save considerable time and labor, minimize excavation, avoid traffic disruption, and eliminate any requirement to interrupt service to customers (which would result in enormous expense to utilities). Technical challenges include: (1) repair sleeves must compensate for diametric variation and eccentricity of old cast-iron pipes; (2) the assembly must travel long distances through pipes containing debris; (3) the pipe wall must be effectively cleaned in the immediate area of the joint to assure good bonding of the sleeve; and (4) an innovative bolt-on entry fitting is required to conduct safe repair operations on live mains.

Kiran M. Kothari; Gerard T. Pittard

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Influence of bubble diameter and solids concentration on bubble stability: Development of a novel analytical approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The properties and thickness of the bubbles in the froth control the flotation process. ... There is no work showing how to measure bubble film composition and thickness by a straightforward ... work, a novel app...

Hong-Jun Liu ???; Wei Zhang ??; Chun-Bao Sun ???

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A Chimney of Low Height to Diameter Ratio for Solar Crops Dryer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sabah, Malaysia is rich with solar energy where the daily mean daylight is ... sunlight can be used effectively in a suitable solar crops drying system. Solar crops dryer with mechanical system is an ... Mechanic...

S. Kumaresan; M. M. Rahman; C. M. Chu…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The effects of inlet velocity and barrel diameter on cyclone performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Code of Federal Regulations _______________ This thesis follows the style and format of the Transactions of the ASAE. 2 (Cooper and Alley, 2002). In order to uphold air pollution regulations, SAPRAs issue... by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Code of Federal Regulations _______________ This thesis follows the style and format of the Transactions of the ASAE. 2 (Cooper and Alley, 2002). In order to uphold air pollution regulations, SAPRAs issue...

Faulkner, William Brock

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal aortic diameter Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm... . Priaux (Eds) TU Delft, Delft The Netherland, 2006 THE INFLUENCE OF ASYMMETRIC INFLOW IN ABDOMINAL AORTIC... the excess volume of...

356

Restoring silvopastures with oak saplings: effects of mulch and diameter class on survival, growth,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Navarro Received: 13 March 2014 / Accepted: 14 August 2014 / Published online: 23 August 2014 � Springer. Sa´nchez- Miranda Á F. B. Navarro AGROECOSOST Research Group, Institute of Agricultural Research

357

Computation of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Phase-VI Rotor in Pitch Motion during Standstill  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previously, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computations of dynamic stall on wind turbine blades have been performed for stand still conditions with moderate success by among others the present authors. In the present work, numerical investigations are performed to illustrate the possibilities of state of the art CFD methods for this problem, including the numerical requirements as time-step and grid resolution. Additionally, the effect of different types of modeling is investigated, ranging from fully turbulent Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS), transitional RANS, to transitional delayed detached-eddy simulation computations. The investigation indicates that detailed information and fair agreement with measurements can be obtained.

Sorensen, N. N.; Schreck, S.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Analytical determination of performance degradation on a helicopter main rotor due to ice accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ), aerodynami c center (A. C. ) ~ and moment coefficient at zero I iFt (Cm ). These are al 1 derived from mo the previously calculated Fourier coefficients. 26 z ? Plane 1 Figure 10a The Airfoil Plane z ? Plane 2 -S 1 -e r x2 Figure 10b... 1-e where, 'o ' cl'n"0 + 'Z(a"Kp) + c3 + 4 p + C5?anKO + c6? anK + c ? (anK ) 2 2 2 2 2 8?0/e ) + cg(~KO/e ) + clpr + cllt + c12ranKO + t + c ?/r ?/10 ?/10 2 2 2 2 2 15 0 + c15?/t + c17r + cl8t + clg(r?) + c20(tKO) + c (rK ) 22 t 23 0"t + C243...

Camba, Javier

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

COE Reductions through Active Aerodynamic Control of Rotor Aerodynamics and Geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigates potential cost of energy reductions that might be achieved by designing active systems to mitigate loads throughout the wind turbine system.

Griffin, D. A.; McCoy, T. J.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Rational design of molecular rotors as beta amyloid binding agents and viscosity sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out on 0.25 mm Dynamic Adsorbents, Inc. silica gel plates (and applying heat. Dynamic Adsorbents, Inc. silica gel (60,out on 0.25 mm Dynamic Adsorbents, Inc. silica gel plates (

Chang, Willy M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Multi-piece wind turbine rotor blades and wind turbines incorporating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multisection blade for a wind turbine includes a hub extender having a pitch bearing at one end, a skirt or fairing having a hole therethrough and configured to mount over the hub extender, and an outboard section configured to couple to the pitch bearing.

Moroz; Emilian Mieczyslaw (San Diego, CA) [San Diego, CA

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

362

Measurements of unbalance response in a squeeze film damper test rotor-kit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for three cases: centered journal, offcentered journal at 30% and 60% of the radial clearance. Different masses of unbalance are used for each case . All the experiments were performed at room temperature and at an oil inlet pressure of 6.9 kPa. The cascade...

Laos, Hector Emilio

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The effect of adding axial freedom to the blades of a two bladed helicopter rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n f O C4 31 O CV 2 Jl C Id c3 O Qk z QJ w 2 CL ~ Z 0 O J z 0 lal I- o o X 0 ('&3g), 315NQ 596/ I 32 t 1 I Il A INj &~a tlB5 ~ ?)gal~ 4 Qw44g 98~gAgA II IC / j l 0 3- l f WWMc C cC y-I c-I A ~t ~+~t...'19N Q 99Qg Cl AJ CL Id w & cd 0 IU A UI LU 0 35 Fit. IS TIP BEFLECT)ON Y5 DRAG AOGLE (+I) Posivio~ ~=. r 0 t G ill 4. 4J A-2 4 Za~e hr O- l I PL4TE UNLOGKE b PLATE LOGKEb CoHWO PL A@I LE ( DEGJ 270 DISCUSSIOI OP RESETS...

Oradat, Frank Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Transient processes in an asynchronous induction electronic excited generator with a short cut rotor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic transients in an induction electronic excited generator during self-excitation and load variation have...

M. L. Kostyrev

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Numerical simulation of geometry effects for concentric-rotor labyrinth seals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a single cavity of a seal. Naturally it &could be preferable to include all cayities, h()&i( ver con)put atiousl resource limil at iona preclude this possil&ilit y. Fi ) ur(. . sh()ivs a magnified view of a small i&(l)'1 n)ll ()I & he g)'Icl. sh... a single cavity of a seal. Naturally it &could be preferable to include all cayities, h()&i( ver con)put atiousl resource limil at iona preclude this possil&ilit y. Fi ) ur(. . sh()ivs a magnified view of a small i&(l)'1 n)ll ()I & he g)'Icl. sh...

Ko, Sung-Ho

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

Co-Simulation of an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Segmented Rotor Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Christoph Schulte and Joachim B¨ocker Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn University, D-33095 Paderborn, Germany schulte@lea.upb.de, boecker@lea.upb.de Abstract--Accurate simulation of electric drives, electrical drive, multi-slice approach I. INTRODUCTION Conventionally, a two-step process is being used

Paderborn, Universität

367

Identification of force coefficients in flexible rotor-bearing systems - enhancements and further validations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification of bearing force parameters, i.e. stiffness and damping coefficients, is one of the most difficult to achieve. Field identification by imbalance response measurements is a simple and often reliable way to determine synchronous speed force...

Balantrapu, Achuta Kishore Rama Krishna

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Magnetic Patterning of Permanent-Magnet Rotors for Microscale Motor/Generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

offers three advantages. First, eliminating the integrated winding permits simpler MH design element modeling 1. INTRODUCTION High power-density, microscale, axial-flux, PM machines [1-3] typically (Thickness = 0.5 mm, OD=9.5 mm) encased in a Ti adaptor used for microscale power generator [1]; (b

369

Performance of Rotors in a Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the output frequency of the inverter. In common with the currently used double-fed induction generator (DFIG the construction of a machine with a rating similar to that of existing DFIGs, see Figure 1. The authors' BDFM uses

Cambridge, University of

370

The effect of imbalance distribution and measurement locations on critical speeds in a turboprop engine rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The critical speeds of a turbomachine can be defined as the speeds at which synchronous response to imbalance is maximum (Vance,1988). Identifying the proper placement of critical speeds is very important in the design process of turbomachinery...

Marin, Manuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Hybrid gas bearings with controlled supply pressure to eliminate rotor vibrations while crossing system critical speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbomachinery because of their inherent stability characteristics resulting from no generation of cross- coupled stiffness coefficients [7]. Flexure pivot tilting pad bearings, machined as a single piece using wire EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining) shown... conditions [5]. Gas foil bearings are customarily used in air cycle machines, auxiliary power units, and commercial MTM because of their distinct advantages including tolerance to shaft misalignment and centrifugal/thermal growth, and large load capacity...

Ryu, Keun

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

On the characteristics of fault-induced rotor-dynamic bifurcations and nonlinear responses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........41 3.4 (a) Time history of a nonlinear time-delay model. (b) Corresponding phase portrait and Poincare map of the response in (a) .........42 3.5 Phase portrait and Poincare map of a fractal... reaction forces, which in turn could result in strong nonlinear responses including period-doubling bifurcation, quasi-periodic bifurcation, and even chaotic response [4,5]. Nonlinear dynamical states of quasi-periodic, fractal, and chaotic motions...

Yang, Baozhong

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Numerical study of a rotor/stator interaction case experimentally simulated with an industrial compressor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy efficiency may be achieved by minimizing the clearance between the rotating blade tips- tion of the HR15Y hardness test on abradable material. It was shown that a bilinear plastic law could developments focused on the modeling of abradable coating through mono-dimensional plastic el- ements [10

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

Measurements of imbalance response for a rigid rotor fully supported on squeeze film dampers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Modern high performance turbomachinery providing increased power to weight ratios and larger efficiencies are designed to operate at higher speeds than prior designs. These machines… (more)

Lubell, Daniel Roger

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Imbalance response of a rotor supported on a floating ring fluid film bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rig model. 5. 14 Rotordynamic damped natural frequency map for nominal clearance configuration (C, =114. 3 pm, C, =165. 1tim). 5. 15 Rotordynamic damped natural frequency map for n- clearance configuration (C, =114. 3 pm, C, =152. 4 lrm) 5. 16...). . . . . . . . . . 7. 16 Peak to peak vibration amplitude versus journal speed. Pressure Page 86 supply 41. 4 kPa (6 psig). nominal clearance configuration (C, =114. 3 lrm and C, =165. 1 lrm). Residual imbalance. Semi-floating bearing. . 88 7. 17 Contour plots...

Naranjo, Julio Enrique

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

The effect of teeth-on-stator labyrinth seals on rotor imbalance response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

difficuhies that necessitated major design changes. These changes included teplacement of the hydrostatic air bearings suppordng the jack shaft with grease lubricated bearings, modification of the seal housing to allow adequate air flow to the seal chamber... the effect on the mtor imbalance response. Tests were performed over a shaft speed range of 0 to 5000 tpm and an air pressure range of 0 to 225 psig at the seal inlet. The fourth objective of this research was to determine the cross-coupled stiffness...

Conway, Eileen Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

377

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Numerical Solutions for Ultra-Micro Wave Rotors (UWR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) commercial code. Nomenclature A = cross-sectional area Cpair = specific heat for air e = internal energy f = friction coefficient fx = body forces in x-direction air = air specific heat ratio comb = efficiency University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland and Norbert Müller Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Müller, Norbert

378

Inlet swirl distortion effects on the generation and propagation of fan rotor shock noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A body-force-based fan model for the prediction of multiple-pure-tone noise generation is developed in this thesis. The model eliminates the need for a full-wheel, three-dimensional unsteady RANS simulation of the fan blade ...

Defoe, Jeff (Jeffrey James)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA INVESTIGATION OF HOW ANGLE OF ATTACK AFFECTS ROTOR SPEED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 Wind Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Wind Turbines Mathematica Notebook 37 Appendix D Multiview and Assembly Drawings 40 #12;1 1 Introduction 1.1 Wind Power To determine the available power in the wind consider a thin disc of cross- sectional area A and thickness dx

Belanger, David P.

380

Removing the Influence of Rotor Harmonics for Improved Monitoring of Offshore Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability to identify the dynamic properties of offshore wind turbines allows validating and updating numerical tools, which ... of the machine. However, modal identification of turbines in operating conditions...

S. Manzato; C. Devriendt; W. Weijtjens…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Fourth Annual Progress Report on the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind Generator: Final Report for the Period 1 April 1979 - 31 August 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional wind energy systems are limited in wind turbine diameter by allowable rotor stresses at power levels of several megawatts. In contrast, the Electrofluid Dynamic (EFD) wind driven generator has no fundamental limits on cross sectional area. It is a direct energy conversion device which employs unipolar charged particles transported by the wind against a retarding voltage gradient to a high potential. As no moving parts are exposed to the wind, extremely large power units may be feasible.

Minardi, J. E.; Lawson, M. O.; Wattendorf, F. L.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Advance Detonation in a Tubular Charge of Explosive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... sleeves of 'Cellophane' J in. and 1J in. in diameter, the velocity of detonation in the tube wall is greater than the velocity in a solid cylinder by 47 ... Fig. 1 may be given (film writing-speed 352 m./sec.). Three detonation waves, indicated as A, B and C in the diagram, can be distinguished ...

D. W. WOODHEAD

1959-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

Phonon dispersion of carbon nanotubes J. Maultzscha,*, S. Reicha  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phonon dispersion of carbon nanotubes J. Maultzscha,*, S. Reicha , C. Thomsena , E. Dobardz the phonon dispersion relations of single-wall carbon nanotubes calculated within a force-constants approach 6 and 12 cm21 independent of the tube diameter. The order of the high-energy modes at the G

Nabben, Reinhard

384

Evaluation of multi-brush anode systems in microbial fuel cells Vanessa Lanas, Bruce E. Logan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on performance was studied in terms of carbon fiber length (brush diameter), the number of brushes connected (You et al., 2007), carbon cloth (Wang et al., 2009), and activated carbon fiber felt (Zhu et al., 2011 27 August 2013 Available online 5 September 2013 Keywords: Microbial fuel cell Carbon brush anode

385

Any correspondence concerning this service should be sent to the repository administrator: staff-oatao@inp-toulouse.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis techniques are used in order to compare the resulting Sauter mean diameters. The comparison of a series of identical motionless ele- ments inserted in a pipe, column or reactor. They redistribute the fluid in directions transverse to the main flow. The only energy cost depends on the power required

Boyer, Edmond

386

The effect of silica nanoparticle-modified surfaces on cell morphology, cytoskeletal organization and function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of silica nanoparticle-modified surfaces on cell morphology, cytoskeletal organization investigate the effect of nanoparticle (NP) assemblies arranged on a flat substrate on cytoskeletal substrates were coated with monodispersed silica nanoparticles of 50, 100 and 300 nm in diameter. The impact

387

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200700379 Monodisperse Thermoresponsive Microgels with Tunable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diameter, the size of the micro- gel cannot be used as a control variable. Another well-known method alternative is to fabricate hydro- gels with heterogeneous internal microstructures[36­40] instead the volume- phase transition kinetics of thermo-sensitive PNIPAM micro- gels. Our method does not involve any

388

DISCRETE ELEMENT MODELING OF BLADE–STRIKE FREQUENCY AND SURVIVAL OF FISH PASSING THROUGH HYDROKINETIC TURBINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluating the consequences from blade-strike of fish on marine hydrokinetic (MHK) turbine blades is essential for incorporating environmental objectives into the integral optimization of machine performance. For instance, experience with conventional hydroelectric turbines has shown that innovative shaping of the blade and other machine components can lead to improved designs that generate more power without increased impacts to fish and other aquatic life. In this work, we used unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of turbine flow and discrete element modeling (DEM) of particle motion to estimate the frequency and severity of collisions between a horizontal axis MHK tidal energy device and drifting aquatic organisms or debris. Two metrics are determined with the method: the strike frequency and survival rate estimate. To illustrate the procedure step-by-step, an exemplary case of a simple runner model was run and compared against a probabilistic model widely used for strike frequency evaluation. The results for the exemplary case showed a strong correlation between the two approaches. In the application case of the MHK turbine flow, turbulent flow was modeled using detached eddy simulation (DES) in conjunction with a full moving rotor at full scale. The CFD simulated power and thrust were satisfactorily comparable to experimental results conducted in a water tunnel on a reduced scaled (1:8.7) version of the turbine design. A cloud of DEM particles was injected into the domain to simulate fish or debris that were entrained into the turbine flow. The strike frequency was the ratio of the count of colliding particles to the crossing sample size. The fish length and approaching velocity were test conditions in the simulations of the MHK turbine. Comparisons showed that DEM-based frequencies tend to be greater than previous results from Lagrangian particles and probabilistic models, mostly because the DEM scheme accounts for both the geometric aspects of the passage event ---which the probabilistic method does--- as well as the fluid-particle interactions ---which the Lagrangian particle method does. The DEM-based survival rates were comparable to laboratory results for small fish but not for mid-size fish because of the considerably different turbine diameters. The modeling framework can be used for applications that aim at evaluating the biological performance of MHK turbine units during the design phase and to provide information to regulatory agencies needed for the environmental permitting process.

Romero Gomez, Pedro DJ; Richmond, Marshall C.

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

389

Measurement of time dependent fields in high gradient superconducting quadrupoles for the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic field measurements have been performed on prototype and production magnets from two high gradient superconducting quadrupoles designs. One design is a double shell quadrupole with 36 strand Rutherford cable. The other design is a single shell quadrupole with 5 individually monolithic strands connected in series. These magnets have similar bore diameters and cable dimensions. However, there are significant differences between the two designs, as well as differences between prototype and production magnets within each design, with regard to Cu to superconductor ratio, filament diameter and filament spacing to strand diameter. The time dependence of fixed currents of the measured magnetic fields is discussed. 9 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Lamm, M.J.; Coulter, K.; Gourlay, S.; Jaffery, T.S.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Influence of Penetration Rate and Indenter Diameter in Strength Measurement by Indentation Testing on Small Rock Specimens  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Indentation testing has been developed as an unconventional method to determine intact rock strength using small rock specimens within the size of drill cuttings. In previous investigations involving indentati...

Mohammad Haftani; Bahman Bohloli; Alireza Nouri…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

The effects of two different environments upon the density, diameter, and length of the hair of Brahman cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

removed to the shade, and varied less from the1r normal temperatures upon exposure to the sun, The crossbreds were less rapid than the Brahmans in regaining normal breathing rates snd temperatures but were not nearly so adversely affected by the heat... when the sun was at, low solar altitudes If the hides were shaded, from the direct rays of the sun, the sun's altitude did not influence reflection, During a clear midsummer day it was computed that the bodies of these cattle absorb more than 20, 000...

De Armas, Hector

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

Changes in diameter growth of Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich in response to flow alterations in the Savannah River.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Savannah River was impounded in the 1950’s near Augusta, Georgia (USA) by Thurmond Dam, a large hydroelectric facility. The objectives of this study were… (more)

Palta, Monica Marie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

CHARACTERIZATION OF LARGE DIAMETER SILICON BY LOW-BIAS CHARGE COLLECTION ANALYSIS IN Si (Li) PIN DIODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

center appear to be trapped midway across the detector. Thisare also trapped about midway while traversing the detectorcan still be seen about midway through the rise of the

Fong, Abraham

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The effects of plate thickness and perforation diameter on the supporting vapor velocity for a perforated plate fractionating column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by means of a Y/estphal balanoe ~ surface tensions by a Cence du 1'7ouy tensi- ometer (3), and liquid. viscositi by the use of modified Ostwald vis- cosity tubes. V SUPPORT AIIO RvCOV;=, RY VAPOR VZLDCITIRS Soon after the experimental colunn was put...

Cottle, John Ernest

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Development of Larger Diameter High Pressure CNG Cylinder Manufactured by Piercing and Drawing for Natural Gas Vehicle  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These slides were presented at the International Hydrogen Fuel and Pressure Vessel Forum on September 27 – 29, 2010, in Beijing, China.

396

Different methods for particle diameter determination of low density and high density lipoproteins-Comparison and evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predominance of small dense Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) is associated with a two to threefold increase in risk for Coronary Heart Disease (CVD). Small, dense HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) particles protect small dense LDL from oxidative stress...

Vaidyanathan, Vidya

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

through 20-gauge (nominal inner diameter: 0.6 mm) needles into rotating 40 wt.-% PEI (branched; average molecular weight,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. [16] M. Shim, A. Javey, N. W. S. Kam, H. Dai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 11 512. [17] E. V. Basiuk] T. V. Sreekumar, T. Liu, B. G. Min, H. Guo, S. Kumar, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, Adv. Mater. 2004

Weibel, Douglas B.

398

Finite element analysis and design of large diameter flexible vertical pipes subjected to incremental compacted backfill loads and creep effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS AND DESiGN OF LARGE DIANETER FLEXIBLE VERTICAL PIPES SUBJECTED TO INCREMENTAL COMPACTED BACKFILL LOADS AND CREEP EFFECTS A Thesis by MOHAMMAD KABIR HOSSAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... BACKFILL LOADS AND CREEP EFFECTS A Thesis by MOHAMMAD KABIR HOSSAIN Approved as to sty1e and content by: R be+r L. Lytton (Chair of Committee) Ozden 0. Ochoa (Member) Derek V. Morris (Member) ames T P Yao (Head of rtment) ABSTRACT Finite...

Hossain, Mohammad Kabir

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

The application of the fusion method of thermit welding to small diameter tubing: An analysis of joint geometry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by working (g:zs3). Thermit weld metal can be regarded as having physical properties closely approaching those of forged steel (l3:2S3). In summary, the thermit process. . . . . . has been used in almost every industry (I:17-2D). Llhile the plastic... (February 19, 1970). 3. Davies, A. C. , The Science and Practice of Lleldin Cambridge University Press 1941 4. Deppeler, 3. H. , "Thermit Welding and the Steel Mill, " 3ournal of the American Weldin Societ 10, (May 1931 5. Deppeler, 3. H. , "Thermit...

Glynn, Thomas Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Page 1 of 3 EPA/WRF Project 04485 Durability and Reliability of Large Diameter (16 in. and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2008) HDPE: A plastic resin made by the copolymerization of ethylene and a small amount of another/cm (Plastics Pipe Institute, 2008) Joint: The means of connecting sectional length of pipeline system): Polyethylene (PE) is a thermoplastic material produced from the polymerization of ethylene. PE plastic pipe

Texas at Arlington, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

An experimental investigation of a swirl gas damper for turbomachinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus at 2 psi Figure 40. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus at 3 psi Figure 41. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus at 4 psi Figure 42. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus at 5 psi Figure 43. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus at 6 psi Figure 44. Smooth Rotor ?2, Modulus.... Knurled Rotor ?3, Modulus at 4 psi Figure 54. Knurled Rotor ?3, Modulus at 5 psi 71 72 73 74 75 Page Figure 55. Knurled Rotor ?3, Modulus at 6 psi Figure 56. Knurled Rotor ?3, Modulus at 7 psi Figure 57. Knurled Rotor ?3, Modulus at 8 psi Figuxe...

Handy, Steven Brent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microsoft Word - ThisWeek01.14.12  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

14, 2013 14, 2013 High Temperature Material Produced for Advanced-Ultrasupercritical (A-USC) Steam Turbine In partnership with DOE and the Ohio Coal Development Office, General Electric Power (GE)-a member of the A-USC Consortium, led by Energy Industries of Ohio Inc.-produced a triple-melt ingot of Haynes 282 for forging into a turbine disc later this year. The Consortium had identified the nickel-based super alloy as the leading candidate for future A-USC turbine rotors and discs. Whereas Haynes 282 is typically produced by a "double-melt" process, GE determined that for minimizing defects when forging large diameter rotors, a cleaner "triple-melt" process was preferable. GE had earlier produced the world's first Haynes 282 triple melt

403

NREL: Wind Research - Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results Gaia-Wind's 11 Kilowatt Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Gaia-Wind's 11-kW wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Gaia-Wind's 11-kilowatt (kW) small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). Gaia-Wind's turbine is a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts. The turbine's downwind rotor has a 13-meter diameter, and its tower is 18 meters tall. The two-bladed, oversized rotor is designed for low to moderate wind speeds. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 6/11/2008: 210; 6/13/2008: 528; 6/16/2008: 716; 6/18/2008: 731; 6/19/2008:

404

Development of a 2-kilowatt high-reliability wind machine. Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW at 9 m/s has been designed to be cost-effective for remote site use. To meet or exceed environmental conditions as specified in Contract PF64410F, the resulting design defines a rugged, relatively simple wind machine. Rigorous fatigue analysis for structural components and development of redundant systems for electrical components led to an expected mean time between failures of 12.35 years. Approximately one year into the research and development program, a completed design meeting contract stipulations is being submitted to the contract buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down-wind machine with two wooden blades spanning 5 meters diameter. Positive rotor speed control is accomplished through a centrifugally governed variable pitch, stalling rotor. Design merits have been confirmed through dynamic truck testing.

Drake, W.; Clews, H.; Cordes, J.; Johnson, B.; Murphy, P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Development of a 2-kilowatt high-reliability wind machine. Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW at 9 m/s has been designed to be cost-effective for remote site use. To meet or exceed environmental conditions as specified in Contract PF64410F, the resulting design defines a rugged, relatively simple wind machine. Rigorous fatigue analysis for structural components and development of redundant systems for electrical components led to an expected mean time between failures of 12.35 years. Approximately one year into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract stipulations is being submitted to the contract buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down-wind machine with two wooden blades spanning 5 meters diameter. Positive rotor speed control is accomplished through a centrifugally governed variable pitch stalling rotor. Design merits have been confirmed through dynamic truck testing.

Drake, W.; Clews, H.; Cordes, J.; Johnson, B.; Murphy, P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development: Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase I. Design and Analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Dodge, D.M. (ed.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

MHK Technologies/SeaGen | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaGen SeaGen < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SeaGen.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Marine Current Turbines Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Seaflow Tidal Energy System *MHK Projects/SeaGen 2 *MHK Projects/SeaGen KyleRhea *MHK Projects/Seagen Strangford *MHK Projects/The Skerries Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 9: Commercial-Scale Production / Application Technology Description Two 16m diameter rotors mounted on a steel cross beam Mooring Configuration Jacketed quadrapod structure with 4 pinpiles each of 1m diameter penetrating 9m into bedrock. SeaGen can also be supplied on a 3.5m monopile and its predecessor the 300kW Seaflow was installed on a 2.1m diameter monopile.

409

Apparatus and method for classifying fuel pellets for nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Control for the operation of a mechanical handling and gauging system for nuclear fuel pellets. The pellets are inspected for diameters, lengths, surface flaws and weights in successive stations. The control includes, a computer for commanding the operation of the system and its electronics and for storing and processing the complex data derived at the required high rate. In measuring the diameter, the computer enables the measurement of a calibration pellet, stores that calibration data and computes and stores diameter-correction factors and their addresses along a pellet. To each diameter measurement a correction factor is applied at the appropriate address. The computer commands verification that all critical parts of the system and control are set for inspection and that each pellet is positioned for inspection. During each cycle of inspection, the measurement operation proceeds normally irrespective of whether or not a pellet is present in each station. If a pellet is not positioned in a station, a measurement is recorded, but the recorded measurement indicates maloperation. In measuring diameter and length a light pattern including successive shadows of slices transverse for diameter or longitudinal for length are projected on a photodiode array. The light pattern is scanned electronically by a train of pulses. The pulses are counted during the scan of the lighted diodes. For evaluation of diameter the maximum diameter count and the number of slices for which the diameter exceeds a predetermined minimum is determined. For acceptance, the maximum must be less than a maximum level and the minimum must exceed a set number. For evaluation of length, the maximum length is determined. For acceptance, the length must be within maximum and minimum limits.

Wilks, Robert S. (Plum Borough, PA); Sternheim, Eliezer (Pittsburgh, PA); Breakey, Gerald A. (Penn Township, Allegheny County, PA); Sturges, Jr., Robert H. (Plum Borough, PA); Taleff, Alexander (Churchill Borough, PA); Castner, Raymond P. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Eliciting a human understandable model of ice adhesion strength for rotor blade leading edge materials from uncertain experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the thermal conductivity of isotropic materials that protect the leading edge of the blade from erosion. For this reason, electro-thermal de-icing is not ideal for new high erosion resistant polymer based leading edge protec- tion materials because they have lower thermal conductivity than isotropic materials. Due

Granada, Universidad de

411

DEVELOPMENT OF TIP CLEARANCE FLOW DOWNSTREAM OF A ROTOR BLADE WITH COOLANT INJECTION FROM A TIP TRENCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimensional picture. The small leakage flow through the tip gap has an effect on the loss and heat transfer it imperative to understand the flow field and heat transfer distribution in the blade tip region. Most studies on the secondary flow. The ultimate objective is to re- duce losses by the introduction of high momentum air

Camci, Cengiz

412

Mach number correlation for a two-dimensional helicopter rotor-blade analysis in the tip region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Comparison of chordwise pressure distributions between TRANDES and flight test (TAAT) results. Flight condition B, P = 90 degrees, radius = 86. 4 percent 16 17 3 c. Comparison of chordwise pressure distributions between TRANDES and flight test (TAAT.... 066 CP/SIG = 0. 008 Figure 3 c. Comparison of chordwise TRANDES and flight test 90 degrees, radius AZIMUTH = 90. 0 / RADIUS = 91. 0 MRCH NQ. (QRTRHAPI = 0. 813 CN = 0. 104 RLP(TRRNDESI = 0. 414 pressure distributions between (TAAT) results...

Schillings, John Joseph

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Measured and Predicted Rotor-Pad Transfer Functions for a Rocker-Pivot Tilting-Pad Journal Bearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many researchers have compared predicted stiffness and damping coefficients for tilting-pad journal bearings (TPJBs) to measurements. Most have found that direct damping is consistently overpredicted. The thrust of this research is to explain...

Wilkes, Jason Christopher

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

414

Compressibility effects on rotor forces in the leakage path between a shrouded pump impeller and its housing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Radial displacement perturbations were used to solve for radial and circumferential force coefficients. In addition, impeller-discharge pressure disturbances were used to obtain pressure oscillation responses due to precessing impeller pressure wave... oscillation was shown to occur at the wearing ring seal. Introduction of impeller discharge disturbances with n = 11 diametral nodes showed that maximum peak pressure oscillations occurred at nondimensional precession frequencies (f = Q(ai where co...

Cao, Nhai The

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A Study of the Causes of the Service Fracture of Turbine Rotor Blade of Compressor Station Gas-Turbine Unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the basis of structural and fractographic the analysis of the fractured surface of working turbine blade of GTK-10-2 gas-turbine unit of compressor station it is established...

A. Ya. Krasovs’kyi; O. E. Gopkalo; I. O. Makovets’ka; O. O. Yanko

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Influence of Rotor Structure and Number of Phases on Torque and Flux Weakening Characteristics of V-shape Interior PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motor (PM) is one of the most attractive motors applied in compact electric propulsion system, due to its high efficiency, high reliability, and power density. The interior permanent magnet motor (IPM of V-shape Interior PM Electrical Machine Bassel Aslan, Julien Korecki, Thimoté Vigier, Eric Semail

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

A simple rotor current observer with an arbitrary rate of convergence for the Brushless Doubly-Fed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These advantages are realised through a reduced capital installation cost, due to a frac- tional inverter power drive (VSD), and as a generator where the prime mover speed can be variable, such as in a wind turbine requirement (as compared to that for an induction machine VSD (or generator)), and further, the advantages

Cambridge, University of

418

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 25, NO. 4, APRIL 2010 907 Rotor Position Feedback Over an RF Link  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedback control. The wireless scheme pre- cludes the need for the cable that feeds the position from the performance of the motor control system. As such, the feedback cable is shielded and the signals are provided in differential form, which increases the sensing cost. Therefore, motor-drive manufacturers have been focusing

Mazumder, Sudip K.

419

Numerical-experimental comparison in the simulation of rotor/stator interaction through blade-tip/abradable coating contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Cramayel, France Abstract Higher aircraft energy efficiency may be achieved by minimizing the clearance be- tween K plastic modulus T,int interaction rotational period Structural Dynamics & Vibration Laboratory 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

420

Two rotary motors in F-ATP synthase are elastically coupled by a flexible rotor and a stiff stator stalk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL...ATP, the universal fuel of the cell, from...kJ/mol elastic energy to smooth the cooperation...The rotation rate was 0.107 rev/s...at a given frame rate, are averaged over...system, the frame rate was 25 s-1...

André Wächter; Yumin Bi; Stanley D. Dunn; Brian D. Cain; Hendrik Sielaff; Frank Wintermann; Siegfried Engelbrecht; Wolfgang Junge

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

MHK Technologies/KESC Tidal Generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KESC Tidal Generator KESC Tidal Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage KESC Tidal Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Kinetic Energy Systems Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Newfound Harbor Project Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The Tidal Generator is based on free flow hydrodynamics for regions that have flood and ebb tides. Strategically attached to bridges, pilings, river, channel, or sea bottoms, this multi-directional generator contains two sets of turbine blades. As the tide flows inward the inward turbine blades opens to maximum rotor diameter while the outward turbine closes into the outward cone-shaped hub to create a hydro dynamically clean surface for water to flow without drag. The center diameter is 75% of the diameter of the turbine blades at full rotor extension for stability.

422

Effects of Solvent on Polymer Chain Dimensions: A Born-Green-Yvon Integral Equation Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The equilibrium properties of a tangent-hard-sphere polymer chain in a hard sphere monomer solvent are studied using a Born-Green-Yvon integral equation in conjunction with a two-site solvation potential. The solvation potential is constructed using low density results for a hard-sphere trimer in a hard sphere solvent. The BGY equation has been solved for polymers of lengths up to 100 for a range of solvent densities and solvent diameters. The theory accurately describes the compression of the average polymer dimensions with increasing solvent density. The theory also accurately describes the variation in this compression as a function of the solvent diameter, predicting a maximum effect when the solvent diameter is two to three times larger than the polymer site diameter. Scaling exponents relating the polymer dimensions to chain length and solvent density are also obtained.

Mark P. Taylor; J. E. G. Lipson

1997-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Induction machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polyphase rotary induction machine for use as a motor or generator utilizing a single rotor assembly having two series connected sets of rotor windings, a first stator winding disposed around the first rotor winding and means for controlling the current induced in one set of the rotor windings compared to the current induced in the other set of the rotor windings. The rotor windings may be wound rotor windings or squirrel cage windings.

Owen, Whitney H. (Ogden, UT)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Shock destruction armor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A shock destruction armor system is constructed and arranged to destroy the force of impact of a projectile by shock hydrodynamics. The armor system is designed to comprise a plurality of superimposed armor plates each preferably having a thickness less than five times the projectile's diameter and are preferably separated one-from-another by a distance at least equal to one-half of the projectile's diameter. The armor plates are effective to hydrodynamically and sequentially destroy the projectile. The armor system is particularly adapted for use on various military vehicles, such as tanks, aircraft and ships.

Froeschner, Kenneth E. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The effect of construction variables on the dynamic modulus of asphalt treated base courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to specimen diameter. The actual coring of specimens was accomplished by the Tex"s 11igh;-ay Department utilizing a six-inch diameter, truck- mounted, water- cooled, coring machine, Saz!plcs were taI'en during January when the air tcz?perature ranged from... into each of the two baskets of. the cxLraction device and the device placed in operaLion. Extraction was stopped when both basioets produced a clear discharge, The average t ime for each extraction was 2 l/2 hours . After drying and cool ing...

Moeller, William Ernest

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Beta-Gamma-Angular Correlation in Na-20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I r' 2.2 fhm l diameter. The collimators were separated by 5 mm and the second one was located 1.6 mm from the catcher foil. Five catcher foils were attached to a foil holder assembly (see Fig. 1) with a spac- ing of 72' between each foil...-jet technique through a Teflon capillary 1.78 mm in diameter and ~3 m long. The experimental geometry is shown in Fig. 1. The source was produced by depositing the "Na activity on 0.0064 mm aluminized Mylar catcher foils. The source size was defined by a...

Tribble, Robert E.; May, D. P.; Tanner, D. M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

High resolution geophysical mapping of the Mississippi-Alabama Outer Continental Shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system, a 3. 5 or a 4. 0 kHz subbottom profiler system, and precision satellite or radio navigation. Three types of topographic features were identified: 1) reef-like mounds (RLM), ranging in diameter from 2 to 1000 meters and having heights from (1... to 18 meters, 2) ridges, having heights from &1 to 8 meters and up to 250 meters in width, and 3) shallow depressions, less than 1 meter deep, irregular in shape, and usually less than 10 meters in diameter. The RLM possibly formed by growth...

Laswell, Jay Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

428

Laboratory compaction of cohesionless sands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

size analysis and compaction testing. The sample preparation procedure followed that specified by ASTM (1998), Designation D 421-85. Sieve Analysis The grain size distribution of the soil samples was determined using a sieve anlaysis. The sieve... analysis procedure followed that specified by ASTM (1998), Designation D 422-90. The results of the sieve analysis were analyzed graphically on a semilogarithmic plot 18 by graphing the percent passing a given sieve versus the grain diameter. The scale...

Delphia, John Girard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Development and test of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator has been jointly developed and tested by Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Institute and Institute of Electrical Engineering, Academia Sinica. It is a drum-type machine with superconducting excitation and solid brush current collection, 1,300 rpm rotating speed, 230--330 V output voltage. The armature rotor diameter is 620 mm, effective length is 600 mm, the average radial magnetic field in the armature region is 0.75 T. During test it reached 300 kW nominal output power and worked stably. The design and development of the machine and its main components, together with its test results are presented.

Ge, W.; Tang, S. [Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Inst. (China); Yan, L.; Yi, C.; Qin, J. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Electrical Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Theory versus experiment of the rotordynamic and leakage characteristics of smooth annular bushing oil seals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ANGULAR CONTACT BALL BEARING TEST ROTOR HUB SEALINSERT SEAL HOUSING (END CAP) PRELOAD SPRING VACUUM SEAL ANNULAR BUSHING OIL-SEAL TEST RIG AIR TURBINE MOUNTING BASE HYDRAULIC SHAKER LOCATING SLEEVE MOUNTING BRACKET TEST OIL OUT LOCK NUT TEST... OIL OUT PULLEY AIR BUFFER SEAL AIR BUFFER SEAL 8 17,000 rpm. The test shaft is made from stainless steel and machined to a precise diameter of 116.84 mm [4.6 in ] at the test section. It is supported on the pedestals through angular contact ball...

Culotta, Vittorio G.

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

MHK Technologies/Hydroair | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydroair Hydroair < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Hydroair.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Dresser Rand Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Water Column Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description Incoming surface waves induce an oscillating flow of air within the chamber which in turn flows backwards and forwards through an air turbine installed in a duct connecting the chamber to the atmosphere The turbine converts this air movement into electrical energy The VRT design comprises two sets of static guide vanes located on either side and at a larger diameter than that of the rotor These vanes are connected by a shaped duct to provide a route for the airflow Air enters the duct at a relatively low velocity and acquires a swirl motion as it passes through the inlet guide vanes The air then accelerates as it passes down the narrowing duct toward the turbine rotor The air drives the rotor and then decelerates as it travels back through the expanding duct before passing over the outlet guide vanes The process is repeated in reverse for the next wave cycle

432

Autonomous Autorotation of an RC Helicopter Pieter Abbeel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, during autorotation the rotor drag is overcome by the airflow through the blades. Effectively the ground with too low a main rotor speed then the main rotor blades will flex sharply downward. This can result in one of the rotor blades striking the tailboom, destroying both that rotor blade

Bejerano, Gill

433

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON THE DESIGN OF A DUCTED COUNTER-ROTATING AXIAL FLOW FANS SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[] Number of blades FR [] Front rotor R [mm] Blade radius RR [] Rear rotor CRS [] Counter-rotating system W to a conventional rotor or to a rotor-stator stage. The study of the variation of the rotation rates ratio show of the axial distance be- tween rotors does not seem to change the overall per- formances. This system has thus

Boyer, Edmond

434

I. INTRODUCTION Abstract--A genetic algorithm (GA) presents an excellent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rotor blades' plane angles. The weight of the helicopter in its original state is approximately 210 with rather large helicopters with a rotor span of more than a meter [2], up to rotor spans of over 3 meters small indoor model helicopter. It is a coaxial rotor helicopter with twin counter-rotating rotors (it

Hopgood, Adrian

435

Large eddy simulation of wind turbine wake dynamics in the stable boundary layer using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently an actuator disk parameterization was implemented in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model for large eddy simulation (LES) of wind turbine wakes. To thoroughly verify this model simulations of various types of turbines and atmospheric conditions must be evaluated against corresponding experimental data. In this work numerical simulations are compared to nacelle-based scanning lidar measurements taken in stable atmospheric conditions during a field campaign conducted at a wind farm in the western United States. Using several wake characteristics—such as the velocity deficit centerline location and wake width—as metrics for model verification the simulations show good agreement with the observations. Notable results include a high average velocity deficit decreasing from 73% at a downwind distance x of 1.2 rotor diameters (D) to 25% at x?=?6.6D resulting from a low average wind speed and therefore high average turbine thrust coefficient. Moreover the wake width expands from 1.4D at x?=?1.2D to 2.3D at x?=?6.6D. Finally new features—namely rotor tilt and drag from the nacelle and tower—are added to the existing actuator disk model in WRF-LES. Compared to the rotor the effect of the tower and nacelle on the flow is relatively small but nevertheless important for an accurate representation of the entire turbine. Adding rotor tilt to the model causes the vertical location of the wake center to shift upward. Continued advancement of the actuator disk model in WRF-LES will help lead to optimized turbine siting and controls at wind farms.

Matthew L. Aitken; Branko Kosovi?; Jeffrey D. Mirocha; Julie K. Lundquist

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Permanent magnet steam generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a system for magnetic heating of a fluid by motor rotation of a permanent magnet rotor adjacent an assembly of ferro-magnetic condensing plate and of copper heat absorber plate with protrusions through the ferro-magnetic condensing plate into an enclosure with the fluid therein and having fluid inlet and fluid outlet. The assembly has a first shaft and a second shaft coaxially spaced therefrom, a respective the motor connected to the outer end of each shaft, and a respective the permanent magnet rotor connected to the inner end of each shaft, adjacent a the heat absorber plate. The improvement described here comprises: the enclosure including a steel boiler with a first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a first end thereof and a second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a second end thereof, a the copper heat absorbing plate affixed on each ferro-magnetic plate; means, free of pockets, for promoting turbulent flow of the fluid with uniformly good heat transfer including the protrusion being a plurality of heat sinks, each heat sink of the plurality of heat sinks comprising an integral elongate member with an alternately large diameter and smaller diameter portions regularly spaced therealong. The elongate members through the first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate are coaxially aligned with the elongate members through the second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate.

Gerard, F.; Gerard, F.J.

1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Steady-state analysis of a conceptual offshore wind turbine driven electricity and thermocline energy extraction plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A system for using offshore wind energy to generate electricity and simultaneously extract thermal energy is proposed. This concept is based on an offshore wind turbine driven hydraulic pump supplying deep seawater under high pressure to a land based plant consisting of a hydroelectric power generation unit and heat exchanger. A steady-state system model is developed using empirical formulae. The mathematical model comprises the fundamental system sub-models that are categorised as the rotor, hydraulic pump, pipeline, hydroelectric turbine and heat exchanger. A means for modelling the seawater temperature field across a two-dimensional bathymetry is also discussed. These mathematical models are integrated into a computational tool and a brief parametric static analysis is undertaken. The results illustrate the effect of pipeline diameter, rotational speed of the grid connected hydroelectric turbine, and the turbine distance from shore on the overall performance of the system. Through adequate parameter selection, the total rate of energy output for such a system, consisting of both electricity and thermal energy, is shown to increase by as much as 84%, when compared to a conventional wind turbine having an identical rotor diameter but which supplies only electrical energy.

Daniel Buhagiar; Tonio Sant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Physicochemical characterisation of depleted uranium (DU) particles at a UK firing test range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleted uranium (DU) particles were isolated from soils at Eskmeals, UK, where DU munitions have been tested against hard targets and unfired DU buried in soils for corrosion studies. Using electron microscopy and X-ray analyses, three classes of particles were identified: (1) DU aerosols and fragments, typically 1–20 ?m diameter, composed mainly of uranium as UO2 and U3O8, (2) solidified molten particles, typically 200–500 ?m diameter, composed of U, mixed with Fe from target materials and (3) deposits and coatings, often of metaschoepite on sand grains up to 500 ?m diameter. The first two particle types are derived from firing impacts, the last from corrosion of buried uranium metal. Alpha and mass spectrometry allowed quantitative elemental and isotopic characterisation of DU-containing particulate environmental samples.

Mustafa Sajih; Francis R. Livens; Rebeca Alvarez; Mathew Morgan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

TRS-80 in-stack opacity computer programs: user and programmer manual. Report for April 1982-June 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The manual describes a microcomputer program written to estimate instack opacity from ducted sources. Input data required to run the program are the particle-size distribution, particle refractive index, mass emission concentration, wavelength of light, particle density, and stack diameter. The particle-size distribution may be entered either as a histogram of particle diameter and fraction-greater-than-stated diameter or as log normal particle size distribution. The program calculates and displays the in-stack opacity. The program is written in the BASIC computer language and is specifically designed for the TRS-80 Model I, II, and IV computers. A moderate effort will be required to convert the programs to the IBM-PC and similar computers.

Cowen, S.J.; Ensor, D.S.; Sparks, L.E.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Premixed direct injection nozzle for highly reactive fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fuel/air mixing tube for use in a fuel/air mixing tube bundle is provided. The fuel/air mixing tube includes an outer tube wall extending axially along a tube axis between an inlet end and an exit end, the outer tube wall having a thickness extending between an inner tube surface having a inner diameter and an outer tube surface having an outer tube diameter. The tube further includes at least one fuel injection hole having a fuel injection hole diameter extending through the outer tube wall, the fuel injection hole having an injection angle relative to the tube axis. The invention provides good fuel air mixing with low combustion generated NOx and low flow pressure loss translating to a high gas turbine efficiency, that is durable, and resistant to flame holding and flash back.

Ziminsky, Willy Steve; Johnson, Thomas Edward; Lacy, Benjamin Paul; York, William David; Uhm, Jong Ho; Zuo, Baifang

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Effect of a 90° Elbow on the Accuracy of an Insertion Flowmeter, Results and Comparisons for 4 and 6 in. Diameter PVC Pipe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal energy consumption in buildings with chilled or hot water distribution systems is often monitored through the use of some type of flow metering device. These flowmeters can be fixed types, such as venturis or orifices, or insertion...

Bryant, J. A.; O'Neal, D. L.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Experimental study on the model of the correlation between the movement of the drilling string with big diameter of drill and effects on the oil rigs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the author’s view, an important contribution is to clarify the interaction of a drill string and unconventional hoisting system, we find the influence of the constructive peculiarities oil installations (drilling

Marius Stan; Lazar Avram

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The application of the fusion method of thermit welding to small diameter tubing: An analysis of mold design and powder quantity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an exothermic reaction between iron oxide and aluminum, in the form of a finely powdered mixture. Produced in this reaction are steel, aluminum oxide, and a specific quantity of heat. In the early lgDD' s, the thermit process was used extensively... Pl ~ Glynn, who investigated another basic aspect of this problem. The science of aluminothermics involves the reduc- tion of a metallic oxide in the presence of aluminum. This reduction occurs in the form of an ebullient exothermic reaction...

Eller, Frank Charles

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

INTERFEROMETRY ON MIRA IN THE MID-INFRARED: CYCLIC VARIABILITY OF THE CONTINUUM DIAMETER AND THE EFFECT OF SPECTRAL LINES ON APPARENT SIZE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND THE EFFECT OF SPECTRAL LINES ON APPARENT SIZE J. Weiner, D. D. S. Hale, and C. H. Townes Space Sciences2O gas. Subject headings: infrared: stars -- stars: AGB and post-AGB -- stars: atmospheres -- stars

California at Berkeley, University of

445

A study of some of the factors influencing the laboratory determination of the relative permeability-saturation relationship for large diameter limestone cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous Air-Brine Infection Studies Static Capillary Pressure Tests . . . ~ . . . . Relative Permeability-Saturation Relationship for Various Type Ned. ia . 8 2. Typical Capillary Pressure-Saturation Curve . . . . . . 14 A Core After Embeddment...-Satuz'ation Relationship For Darst Creek Field. Cores Employing Stepwise Air InJectioc ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 37 Brine Re. ative Permeability-Saturation Relationship Fcr Darst, Creek Field. Cores 1, 2, 2A Employing Simultaneous Air-Brine In...

Young, Roy M

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Performance testing and Bayesian Reliability Analysis of small diameter, high power electric heaters for the simulation of nuclear fuel rod temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proposed full test using prototypic mixed-oxide fuel (MOX) containing plutonium from converted nuclear weapons. Bayesian reliability analysis methods were used to determine the expected heater failure rate because of the expected short test duration...

O'Kelly, David Sean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

447

Performance testing and Bayesian Reliability Analysis of small diameter, high power electric heaters for the simulation of nuclear fuel rod temperatures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The conversion of plutonium from a nuclear weapon to nuclear reactor fuel requires an evaluation of the residual gallium as a potential corrosive material within… (more)

O'Kelly, David Sean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Quality inspection of small diameter polymeric medical tubing and attached wire stent using TAP-NDE and the Gabor Wavelet Transform.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A non-contact, laser-optic based technique referred to as the Thermo-Acousto-Photonic Nondestructive Evaluation (TAP-NDE) was utilized to investigate bond integrity and localized stiffening due to an… (more)

Harms, Kent David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

To obtain representative temperatures, sensors were made with a length of 35 cm. The stainless steel needles have a diameter of 3 mm. Inside are five  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is equipped with ultra stable reference resistors that are also calibrated individually. The measurement site -10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 mK #12;

Haak, Hein

450

Effect of Aspect Ratio (Length:Diameter) on a Single Polypyrrole Nanowire FET Device Dhammanand J. Shirale, Mangesh A. Bangar, Wilfred Chen, Nosang V. Myung, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

serving as a source and a drain, and a platinum (Pt) mesh (anchored in a microfluidic channel) as a gate

Chen, Wilfred

451

Rotorblätter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor einer Windkraftanlage schließt — vom Standpunkt des konstruktiven Aufbaus aus betrachtet — mehrere Teilsysteme ein. Ausgehend von der Definition, daß der Rotor alle drehenden Teile der Anlage außerha...

Dipl.-Ing. Erich Hau

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Rotorblätter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor einer Windkraftanlage schließt vom Standpunkt des konstruktiven Aufbaus mehrere Teilsysteme ein. Ausgehend von der Definition, daß der Rotor alle drehenden Teile der Anlage außerhalb des Maschinenhau...

Dipl.-Ing. Erich Hau

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Rotorblätter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor einer Windkraftanlage schließt vom Standpunkt des konstruktiven Aufbaus mehrere Teilsysteme ein. Ausgehend von der Definition, daß der Rotor alle drehenden Teile der Anlage außerhalb des Maschinenhau...

Dipl.-Ing. Erich Hau

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

IGUS Innovative Technische Systeme | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The company produces systems for monitoring the condition of rotor blades in wind turbines, including diagnosing the formation of ice on the rotor blades. References: IGUS...

455

Sandia National Laboratories: Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Offshore Rotor Development Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development Overview Sandia National Laboratories Wind Energy Technologies Department, creates and...

456

Development of Monitoring and Control System for Switched Reluctance Motor Drive System.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The reluctance torque of switched reluctance motor could drive the rotor directly. Rotor doesnât need to be made from permanent magnet and the demagnetization and… (more)

Wang, Yung-chin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Sandia National Laboratories: NRT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Rotor Testbed (NRT) includes research to quantify the degree to which the blade design load distribution influences the rotor near- and mid-wake velocity deficits and...

458

Sandia National Laboratories: SAND2014-4644P  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Rotor Testbed (NRT) includes research to quantify the degree to which the blade design load distribution influences the rotor near- and mid-wake velocity deficits and...

459

Use of Slim Holes for Geothermal Reservoir Assessment: An Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production and injection data from slim holes and large-diameter wells in three (3) geothermal fields (Oguni, Sumikawa, Steamboat Hills) were examined to determine the effect of borehole diameter (1) on the discharge rate and (2) on the productivity/injectivity indices. For boreholes with liquid feedzones, maximum discharge rates scale with diameter according to a relationship previously derived by Pritchett. The latter scaling rule does not apply to discharge data for boreholes with two-phase feedzones. Data from Oguni and Sumikawa geothermal fields indicate that the productivity (for boreholes with liquid feeds) and injectivity indices are more or less equal. The injectivity indices for Sumikawa boreholes are essentially independent of borehole diameter. The latter result is at variance with Oguni data; both the productivity and injectivity indices for Oguni boreholes display a strong variation with borehole diameter. Based on the discharge and injection data from these three geothermal fields, the flow rate of large-diameter production wells with liquid feedzones can be predicted using data from slim holes.

Garg, S.K.; Combs, J.; Goranson, C.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Design of a four rotor unmanned aerial vehicle capable of sustaining zero-roll and zero-pitch flight using vector thrusting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent decades, remote controlled airplanes and helicopters equipped with video cameras have been used by the movie industry, photographers, and for surveillance. The military deploys these unmanned aerial vehicles ...

Hilton, Danny Charles

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Wind Turbine Blade Test Definition of the DeWind DW90 Rotor Blade: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-326  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This CRADA was developed as a funds-in CRADA with DeWind to assess the suitability of facilities and equipment at the NWTC for performing certification blade testing on wind turbine blades made from advanced materials. DeWind produces a wind turbine blade which includes the use of high-strength and stiffness materials. NREL and DeWind had a mutual interest in defining the necessary facilities, equipment, and test methods for testing large wind turbine blades which incorporate advanced materials and adaptive structures, as the demands on test equipment and infrastructure are greater than current capabilities. Work under this CRADA would enable DeWind to verify domestic capability for certification-class static and fatigue testing, while NREL would be able to identify and develop specialized test capabilities based on the test requirements.

Hughes, S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

An AChBKr315M2BU3 induction variable-frequency electric motor with a squirrel-cage rotor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information about a variable-frequency electric motor designed and manufactured by OAO NIPTIEM is presented. The motor is intended for use as a starter motor for the GTU-8 gas turbine power...

M. F. Zapadnya; O. V. Martynov; S. V. Piskunov…

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Backward Precessional Whip and Whirl for a Two Point Rubbing Contact Model of a Rigid Rotor Supported by an Elastically Supported Rigid Stator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

friction whip and whirl at the two bushing contacts. To analyze the behavior, a mathematical model similar to the anemometer is developed and analyzed assuming two possible solutions, Mode1 (normal reaction forces in phase at two contacts) and Mode 2...

Kumar, Dhruv Dileep

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

464

Turbine blade platform film cooling with simulated stator-rotor purge flow with varied seal width and upstream wake with vortex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phase locations to model the unsteady wake formed at the trailing edge of the upstream vane. Delta wings were also placed in four positions to create a vortex similar to the passage vortex at the exit of the vane. The film cooling effectiveness...

Blake, Sarah Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

An experimental study of the hydrodynamics and cluster formation in a circulating fluidized bed. Topical report, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program involves two major aspects. First, to evaluate techniques to effectively probe the polydisperse gas-solid flows and second, to apply these techniques to study the gas-solid flow structure and clusters in the riser of a circulating fluidized bed riser. Amongst the non-intrusive techniques a modified laser Doppler technique based on the fluorescence-emission concept has been adopted and the other techniques involve pitot-static pressure probes. A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) facility has been designed, built and is currently operational at West Virginia University. The design provides for maximum versatility in investigating the hydrodynamics of the CFB riser. Two stage cyclones are employed to capture the particles exhausted from the riser. Measurements of gas velocity distribution were carried out in the circulating fluidized bed riser. with particles having a mean diameter of 112 {mu}m and a density of 2305 kg/m{sup 3} and another set of particles with a mean diameter of 145 {mu}m and a density of 2245 kg/m{sup 3}. The experimental results showed that the local gas velocity varied with the radial position, elevation, solids circulation rate, superficial velocity and particle size. A general formula for gas velocity distribution in the circulating fluidized bed riser was obtained based on the particle circulation, superficial velocity and particle diameter. The pressure drops across the L-valve were also studied for different particle sizes, L-valve diameters and aeration. The solids flowrate was found to be a function of the L-valve geometry, operating parameters and solids properties. Pressure drop of L-valve increases with increasing solids diameter and decreasing diameter of the L-valve. Pressure drop across standpipe increases as the solids diameter and diameter of the standpipe decrease.

Gautam, M.; Jurewicz, J.; Heping, Y.; Clifton, K.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Continuously variable transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a power transmission apparatus. It comprises: a body, a pinion gear, a cam means, first and second gear rack pairs, preventing means;l first and second rack support means, a rotor mounted for rotation about a rotor axis, the rotor having rotor engaging means for engaging the rack support means so as to transmit power therebetween.

Irvin, P.J.E.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

467

GENERAL THEORY OF COUPLED THERMALLY STABLE ANISOTROPIC LAMINATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of rotor blades of helicopters or of wind-mills. Usually, structural composite laminates are obtained

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 11890  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency Q torque of rotor R radius of rotor freestream fluid density blade solidity [ ] T thrust, Guirong Evaluation of nano-scale rotors and motors at static condition. (2013) International Journal-scale rotors and motors at static condition Zhen Liu1a, Longlei Dong1b, Jean-Marc Moschetta2c, Jianping Zhao1d

Mailhes, Corinne

469

A discussion of the results of an in-situ comparison of three full-vector anemometers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive field measurements and the numerical modeling of dynamic responses associated with wind turbine rotor blades have pointed to strong interactions with coherent turbulent structures in the turbine inflow. These interactions are thought to be a major source of high-cycle fatigue in the primary structural components of wind turbines. The sources of such turbulent structures are not only natural terrain features but also the wakes from upwind turbines. Many unsteady aerodynamic processes are excited by turbulent eddies ranging in size from several rotor diameters down to the dimensions of the mean blade chord. These processes are responsible for inducing large, fluctuating loads on the turbine rotor blades. For the wind turbine generators now in use, this encompasses a spatial range of about 0.1 to 300 m. To assess our ability to measure the coherent properties of inflow turbulence over such a wide range of spatial range, we performed a study to compare three full-vector anemometers. We believe that to identify the dominant fluid dynamic properties of such flows, the instrumentation used must be capable of good fidelity measurements over the desired spatial range. The sonic anemometer is a primary candidate; we also wanted to compare the results associated with a well-designed mechanical instrument which is available at considerably less cost. Two sonic designs and as propeller-bivane were exposed to turbulent flows downstream of both extremely complex and moderately rolling terrain. This paper discusses some of the results of these comparisons with an emphasis on the measurements of turbulent fluctuations.

Kelley, N.D.; Scott, G.N.; Allread, J.S.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Simulation of heat pipe rapid transient performance using a multi-nodal implicit finite difference scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capillary pumping head is given by 2 0' Ap C XXX z erst where 6 = the surface tension of the working fluid r?rc = the minimum radius of curvature and is given for wire meshes as w+d r CIlt where w = width of pore d = wire diameter. The maximum... Difference Scheme James Samuel Peery, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Frederick R. Best A multi ? nodal, implicit, finite difference model, Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Code (HPTAC), has been developed to simulate heat...

Peery, James Samuel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

471

Macromolecular Orientation in Glassy Starch Materials That Exhibit Shape Memory Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the case of thermoplastic SMP,(5) the shape memory effect is usually attributed to the presence of two types of domain: one flexible and one rigid. ... The X-ray radiation, Cu K?1 (? = 0.154?05 nm), produced in a sealed tube at 40 kV and 40 mA was selected and parallelized using a Gobël mirror parallel optics system and collimated to produce a 500 ?m beam diameter. ... The microscope was equipped with a 32X Schwarzschild objective (numerical aperture (NA): 0.65), with a 50 ?m liquid nitrogen cooled MCT detector. ...

Cyril Ve?chambre; Alain Bule?on; Laurent Chaunier; Fre?de?ric Jamme; Denis Lourdin

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

472

The effect of air currents on the toxicity of spray and dust formulations of toxaphene, aldrin, and dieldrin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were two pieces of woody one stationary, the other hinged to the first. These held the spray and dust guns when in use. Each chamber was 42 inches high and 18 inches in diameter. The dust gun was made of glass tubing which had been bent to a 90... at a pressure of 60 pounds per square inch. In each treatnent, , 1. 15 cubic contimctcrs of spray, equivalent to 7. 5 gallons per acre, was delivered from the spray gun. The sprays werc prepared by diluting miscible oil concentrates with water...

Owen, Bernard Lawton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Design, fabrication and testing of a bearing test rig and preliminary studies on oil mist lubrication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three microns in diameter. The oil mist generated by the mist generator can be conveyed up to 500 ft. through pipes, also known as main headers at velocities up to 22 fps. (2, 3). The turbulence induced by higher velocities causes coalescence... at the bottom of the pipe. In order to prevent clogging of the smaller distribution pipes or reclassifiers with oil, the main header system is This thesis follows the form and style of STLE journal, i i n n in rin sloped back toward the generator so...

Shamim, Abdus

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by adjusting a slip command during periods of supposed change in motor temperature  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention maintains constant torque in an inverter driven AC induction motor during variations in rotor temperature. It is known that the torque output of a given AC induction motor is dependent upon rotor temperature. At rotor temperatures higher than the nominal operating condition the rotor impedance increases, reducing the rotor current and motor torque. In a similar fashion, the rotor impedance is reduced resulting in increased rotor current and motor torque when the rotor temperature is lower than the nominal operating condition. The present invention monitors the bus current from the DC supply to the inverter and adjusts the slip frequency of the inverter drive to maintain a constant motor torque. This adjustment is based upon whether predetermined conditions implying increased rotor temperature or decreased rotor temperature exist for longer that a predetermined interval of time.

Kelledes, William L. (Brighton, MI); St. John, Don K. (Livonia, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

MHK Technologies/THOR Ocean Current Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

THOR Ocean Current Turbine THOR Ocean Current Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage THOR Ocean Current Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization THOR Turner Hunt Ocean Renewable LLC Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The THOR ocean current turbine ROCT is a tethered fully submersible hydrokinetic device with a single horizontal axis rotor that operates at constant speed by varying the depth of operation using a patented power feedback control technology Rotor diameters can reach 60 meters for a 2 0MW class turbine and operations can be conducted as deep as 250 meters Arrays of THOR s ROCTs can be located in outer continental shelf areas 15 to 100 miles offshore in well established ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream or the Kuroshio and deliver electrical power to onshore load centers via submarine transmission line

476

MHK Technologies/DeltaStream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage DeltaStream.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Energy Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/DeltaStream *MHK Projects/DeltaStream Pembrokeshire Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The DeltaStream device is a nominal 1 2MW unit which sits on the seabed without the need for a positive anchoring system generating electricity from three separate horizontal axis turbines mounted on a common frame The use of three turbines on a single circa 30m wide triangular frame produces a low center of gravity enabling the device to satisfy its structural stability requirements including the avoidance of overturning and sliding The device utilizes fixed pitch blades designed to maximize the energy extracted from the tidal flow distribution at the deployment site A mechanical yaw system allows the nacelles to oscillate by a control system which is programmed to seek the optimum flow The rotors extract the energy from the water flow at an elevation of between approximately 5 20m above the seabed assuming a 15m rotor diameter

477

An overview of Boeing flywheel energy storage systems with high-temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An overview summary of recent Boeing work on high-temperature superconducting (HTS) bearings is presented. A design is presented for a small flywheel energy storage system that is deployable in a field installation. The flywheel is suspended by a HTS bearing whose stator is conduction cooled by connection to a cryocooler. At full speed, the flywheel has 5 kW h of kinetic energy, and it can deliver 3 kW of three-phase 208 V power to an electrical load. The entire system, which includes a containment structure, is compatible with transportation by forklift or crane. Laboratory measurements of the bearing loss are combined with the parasitic loads to estimate the efficiency of the system. Improvements in structural composites are expected to enable the operation of flywheels with very high rim velocities. Small versions of such flywheels will be capable of very high rotational rates and will likely require the low loss inherent in HTS bearings to achieve these speeds. We present results of experiments with small-diameter rotors that use HTS bearings for levitation and rotate in vacuum at kHz rates. Bearing losses are presented as a function of rotor speed.

M Strasik; J R Hull; J A Mittleider; J F Gonder; P E Johnson; K E McCrary; C R McIver

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Fabrication of sub-15?nm aluminum wires by controlled etching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for the fabrication of uniform aluminum nanowires with diameters below 15?nm. Electron beam lithography is used to define narrow wires, which are then etched using a sodium bicarbonate solution, while their resistance is simultaneously measured in-situ. The etching process can be stopped when the desired resistance is reached, and can be restarted at a later time. The resulting nanowires show a superconducting transition as a function of temperature and magnetic field that is consistent with their smaller diameter. The width of the transition is similar to that of the lithographically defined wires, indicating that the etching process is uniform and that the wires are undamaged. This technique allows for precise control over the normal state resistance and can be used to create a variety of aluminum nanodevices.

Morgan-Wall, T.; Hughes, H. J.; Hartman, N.; Markovi?, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); McQueen, T. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

479

CX-005730: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30: Categorical Exclusion Determination 30: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005730: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program Sinton Independent School District Wind Energy Project- Phase II CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04/21/2011 Location(s): San Patricio County, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Sinton Independent School District (ISO), San Patricio County, Texas proposes to install a 100 kilowatt wind turbine (Northern Power 100) on the campus of their high school to reduce operations costs, increase energy efficiency, reduce reliance on imported energy, improve reliability, and reduce environmental impacts of energy production. The turbine would be installed on a 121-foot tall tubular steel tower, have a rotor diameter of 69 feet, and a total height of about 156 feet.

480

NREL: Wind Research - Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems's EW50 Turbine Testing and Results Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Entegrity Wind Systems' EW50 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The EW50 is a 50-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis downwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 15 meters, and its hub height is 30.5 meters. It has a three-phase induction generator that operates at 480 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is listed below, along with the final reports. Cumulative Energy Production 3/11/2009: 17; 3/12/2009: 17; 3/13/2009: 17; 3/14/2009: 17; 3/15/2009: 17;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotor diameter-the diameter" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NREL: Wind Research - Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies CS8 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing Viryd Technologies' CS8 small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The CS8 is an upwind, horizontal-axis, three-bladed, stall controlled turbine rated at 8 kilowatts (kW). It has an 8.5-meter rotor diameter and is mounted on a guyed tilt-up lattice tower with a hub height of 24.9 meters. The CS8 uses a single-phase, grid-connected, induction generator that operates at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data included in this table are provided in the final reports.

482

NREL: Wind Research - Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 Wind Turbine Testing and Results Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. A video of Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Abundant Renewable Energy's ARE 442 turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The ARE 442 is a 10-kilowatt (kW), three-bladed, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. It has a hub height of 30.9 meters and a rotor diameter of 7.2 meters. The turbine has a single-phase permanent-magnet generator that operates at variable voltages up to 410 volts AC. Testing Summary The summary of the tests is below with the final reports.

483

Characterization of noise from an isolated intermediate-sized wind turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Community-based wind power companies provide subscriptions to individual homeowners and businesses for power generated by a locally installed turbine. Typically such turbines are of an intermediate size such as the Vestas V20 120-kW turbines operated by the Cascade Community Wind Company in several locations within Washington state. This model turbine has a tower height of 80 feet with a rotor diameter of 60 ft. Each turbine is installed individually on leased land with no other turbines nearby. Noise measurements of a turbine located in Thorp WA were obtained in a variety of weather conditions. On several occasions with low to moderate wind speeds the turbine was stopped enabling the calculation of noise due to the turbine only. Results will be presented showing spectral content and sound pressure level contours for a range of wind speeds.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Atmospheric and Wake Turbulence Impacts on Wind Turbine Fatigue Loadings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric boundary layers under various stability and surface roughness conditions are performed to investigate the turbulence impact on wind turbines. In particular, the aeroelastic responses of the turbines are studied to characterize the fatigue loading of the turbulence present in the boundary layer and in the wake of the turbines. Two utility-scale 5-MW turbines that are separated by seven rotor diameters are placed in a 3 km by 3 km by 1 km domain. They are subjected to atmospheric turbulent boundary layer flow and data is collected on the structural response of the turbine components. The surface roughness was found to increase the fatigue loads while the atmospheric instability had a small influence. Furthermore, the downstream turbines yielded higher fatigue loads indicating that the turbulent wakes generated from the upstream turbines have significant impact.

Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Moriarty, P.; Jonkman, J.; Michalakes, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Atmospheric and Wake Turbulence Impacts on Wind Turbine Fatigue Loading: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations of atmospheric boundary layers under various stability and surface roughness conditions are performed to investigate the turbulence impact on wind turbines. In particular, the aeroelastic responses of the turbines are studied to characterize the fatigue loading of the turbulence present in the boundary layer and in the wake of the turbines. Two utility-scale 5 MW turbines that are separated by seven rotor diameters are placed in a 3 km by 3 km by 1 km domain. They are subjected to atmospheric turbulent boundary layer flow and data is collected on the structural response of the turbine components. The surface roughness was found to increase the fatigue loads while the atmospheric instability had a small influence. Furthermore, the downstream turbines yielded higher fatigue loads indicating that the turbulent wakes generated from the upstream turbines have significant impact.

Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Moriarty, P.; Jonkman, J.; Michalakes, J.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Observed acoustic and aeroelastic spectral responses of a MOD-2 turbine blade to turbulence excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Early results from a recent experiment designed to directly evaluate the aeroacoustic/elastic spectral responses of a MOD-2 turbine blade to turbulence-induced unsteady blade loads are discussed. The experimental procedure consisted of flying a hot-film anemometer from a tethered balloon in the turbine in-flow and simultaneously measuring the fluctuating airload and aeroelastic response at two blade span stations (65% and 87% spans) using surface-mounted, subminiature pressure transducers and standard strain gage instrumentation. The radiated acoustic pressure field was measured with a triad of very-low-frequency microphones placed at ground level, 1.5 rotor diameters upwind of the disk. Initial transfer function estimates for acoustic radiation, blade normal forces, flapwise acceleration/displacement, and chord/flapwise moments are presented.

Kelley, N.D.; McKenna, H.E.; Jacobs, E.W.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

NREL: Wind Research - SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results The SWIFT wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing the SWIFT small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The competitive grant was awarded to Cascade Engineering. The SWIFT is a 1-kilowatt (kW), five-bladed with outer ring, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 2 meters, and its hub height is 13.72 meters. The SWIFT uses a single-phase permanent-magnet generator rated at 1 kW grid connected through an inverter at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data provided in this table will be provided in the final reports. Data presented are preliminary and subject

488

Blind Test 2 calculations for two in-line model wind turbines where the downstream turbine operates at various rotational speeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we report on the results of the Blind Test 2 workshop, organized by Norcowe and Nowitech in Trondheim, Norway in October 2012. This workshop was arranged in order to find out how well wind turbine simulation models perform when applied to two turbines operating in line. Modelers with a suitable code were given boundary conditions of a wind tunnel test performed in the large wind tunnel facility at the Department of Energy and Process Engineering, at NTNU Trondheim, where two almost identical model turbines with a diameter of about 0.9?m had been tested under various operating conditions. A detailed geometry specification of the models could be downloaded and the modelers were invited to submit the calculation without knowing the experimental results in advance. Nine different contributions from eight institutions were received, representing a wide range of simulation models, such as a LES coupled with an actuator line rotor model, RANS using an actuator disc, U-RANS models applied to fully resolved turbine model geometries, as well as a vortex panel method. The comparison showed a larger than expected scatter on the performance calculation of the upstream turbine (±20%), and an even higher uncertainty for the downstream turbine, especially at operating conditions close to the runaway point. The modelers were requested to document the wake development downstream of the second turbine, the development behind the first turbine had been the challenge for a previous blind test (see Krogstad and Eriksen [17]). Mean flow calculations reported at X = 1D downstream of the second turbine showed that the models which fully resolved boundary layers on the rotor surface performed best. Including the tower and the hub in the simulation improved the accuracy of the predictions and is essential in capturing the important asymmetries that develop in the wake. These turbine details strongly influence the development near the center of the wake, but are often omitted in simulations in order to incorporate simplifying symmetry conditions in the calculations. Further from the rotor, at X = 4D, the LES simulations coupled to actuator line rotor models performed well and were able to capture the main features of the mean and turbulent flows, while RANS models using actuator disc models showed limitations especially in predicting correctly the turbulent kinetic energy.

Fabio Pierella; Per-Åge Krogstad; Lars Sætran

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Optimization of the optical properties of nanostructured silicon surfaces for solar cell applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface nanostructuration is an important challenge for the optimization of light trapping in solar cell. We present simulations on both the optical properties and the efficiency of micro pillars—MPs—or nanocones—NCs—silicon based solar cells together with measurements on their associated optical absorption. We address the simulation using the Finite Difference Time Domain method, well-adapted to deal with a periodic set of nanostructures. We study the effect of the period, the bottom diameter, the top diameter, and the height of the MPs or NCs on the efficiency, assuming that one absorbed photon induces one exciton. This allows us to give a kind of abacus involving all the geometrical parameters of the nanostructured surface with regard to the efficiency of the associated solar cell. We also show that for a given ratio of the diameter over the period, the best efficiency is obtained for small diameters. For small lengths, MPs are extended to NCs by changing the angle between the bottom surface and the vertical face of the MPs. The best efficiency is obtained for an angle of the order of 70°. Finally, nanostructures have been processed and allow comparing experimental results with simulations. In every case, a good agreement is found.

Zhou, Di; Pennec, Y.; Djafari-Rouhani, B.; Lambert, Y.; Deblock, Y.; Stiévenard, D., E-mail: didier.stievenard@isen.fr [Institut d'Electronique et de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologies, IEMN, (CNRS, UMR 8520), Groupe de Physique, Cité scientifique, avenue Poincaré, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq (France); Cristini-Robbe, O. [PHLAM, UMR8523, Université de Lille 1, 59652 Villeneuve d'Asq Cedex (France); Xu, T. [Key Laboratory of Advanced Display and System Application, Shanghai University, 149 Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072 (China); Faucher, M. [Institut d'Electronique et de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologies, IEMN, (CNRS, UMR 8520), Groupe NAM6, Cité scientifique, avenue Poincaré, 59652 Villeneuve d'Asq (France)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Optimization of non-evacuated receiver of solar collector having non-uniform temperature distribution for minimum heat loss  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper contains a numerical study of heat loss from a non-evacuated receiver typically used in parabolic trough collectors. To calculate temperature distributions on the receiver pipe (TP), an energy balance has been established over the entire cross-section of the receiver pipe at different fluid temperatures. In the energy balance, the flux distribution has been estimated by assuming normal incidence of solar insolation considering the sun as a point source. The temperature distributions of the receiver pipe are found, as per expectation, to be non-uniform. These temperature distributions have been fitted by sinusoidal and step functions and are used as temperature boundary conditions in a CFD study to optimize the size of the receiver. The mechanisms of heat loss that have been considered in this study are heat loss from (1) pipe to glass tube by conduction, convection and radiation and (2) glass tube to surrounding by convection (natural and forced) and radiation. The values of diameters of receiver pipe taken in this study are 33 mm, 48 mm, 60 mm, 70 mm, 89 mm and 102 mm. The radius ratio (RR) varied from 1.2 to 3 by changing diameter of glass tube. It is observed that, the critical value of RR for minimum heat loss is dependent upon receiver pipe diameter (DPo). The critical values of RR for pipe diameter (DPo) 33 mm, 48 mm, 60 mm, 70 mm, 89 mm and 102 mm are 1.5, 1.4, 1.375, 1.35, 1.3 and 1.25 respectively. The value of critical RR is lower for higher values of pipe diameter. The value of critical RR for a particular diameter of receiver is independent of receiver temperature and external wind velocity. Comparison of heat losses in non-uniform and uniform temperature cases shows that the values of heat losses in the two cases differ only by 1.5%.

Ramchandra G. Patil; Sudhir V. Panse; Jyeshtharaj B. Joshi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Highly Ordered Mesoporous MCr2O4 and MCr2–xFexO4 (M = Co, Zn) Spinel Thin Films with Uniform 15 nm Diameter Pores and Tunable Nanocrystalline Domain Sizes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

§ Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, 321-8585 Utsunomiya, Japan ... Such magnetic ferroelectricity, showing an unprecedented sensitivity to ap plied magnetic fields, occurs in frustrated magnets with competing interactions between spins and complex magnetic orders. ...

Christian Suchomski; Christian Reitz; Kirstin Brezesinski; Célia Tavares de Sousa; Marcus Rohnke; Ken-ichi Iimura; Joao Pedro Esteves de Araujo; Torsten Brezesinski

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

492

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CoZZoque C7, suppZ6ment au n07, Tome 40, JuiZZet 1979, page C7-243 THE ARC DIAMETER AND RATE OF ROTATIONff A MAGNETICALLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It has been shown (1)that cathode erosion is negligible and that anode lifetime is depend- ent upon, velocity, anode root Fig. 3 Pholographs of arc, DOA, 160V. 20 I/min. hydrog:.,~. velocity and the drag terminated in a water cooled nozzle (anode). A water cooled rod, tipped with thoriated tungsten served

Boyer, Edmond

493

Friction Factor Measurement, Analysis, and Modeling for Flat-Plates with 12.15 mm Diameter Hole-Pattern, Tested with Air at Different Clearances, Inlet Pressures, and Pressure Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 2 (hd = 2.9 mm, Cpl = 0.254 mm, Pin = 84 bar, Re= 32500 (maximum)) .................................................................. 76 Figure 50. Dynamic pressure at locations 3 and 4 (hd = 2.9 mm, Cpl = 0.254 mm, Pin = 84 bar, Re= 32500...)) .................................................................................................... 79 Figure 52. Dynamic pressure looked separately at location 1 and 2 ................................ 80 Figure 53. Dynamic pressure looked separately at location 3 and 4 ................................ 81 Figure 54. Dynamic pressure data (hd = 0...

Deva Asirvatham, Thanesh

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

494

Development of a fuel-rod simulator and small-diameter thermocouples for high-temperature, high-heat-flux tests in the Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor Core Flow Test Loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Core Flow Test Loop was constructed to perform many of the safety, core design, and mechanical interaction tests in support of the Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor (GCFR) using electrically heated fuel rod simulators (FRSs). Operation includes many off-normal or postulated accident sequences including transient, high-power, and high-temperature operation. The FRS was developed to survive: (1) hundreds of hours of operation at 200 W/cm/sup 2/, 1000/sup 0/C cladding temperature, and (2) 40 h at 40 W/cm/sup 2/, 1200/sup 0/C cladding temperature. Six 0.5-mm type K sheathed thermocouples were placed inside the FRS cladding to measure steady-state and transient temperatures through clad melting at 1370/sup 0/C.

McCulloch, R.W.; MacPherson, R.E.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

reliable starting vectors for curve calculation. So far we did not try any algorithm to handle these patch pairs; we just kept their diameter " smaller than the display precision and treated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. small pairs disjoint pairs input input Resulting curve pieces Waste- basket Resulting small pairs Pairs in quadtrees and should exchange \\bag data" only if necessary for load balancing, using advanced \\hot potato

Schaback, Robert

496

Rotorblätter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Der Rotor einer Windkraftanlage umfaßt – vom Standpunkt des konstruktiven Aufbaus aus betrachtet – mehrere Teilsysteme. Ausgehend von der Definition, daß man unter dem Rotor alle drehenden Teile der Anlage auß...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

How Does a Wind Turbine Work?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. This animation shows how energy in the wind turns two or three propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to the main shaft, which...

498

How Does a Wind Turbine Work?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind turbines operate on a simple principle. The energy in the wind turns two or three propeller-like blades around a rotor. The rotor is connected to the main shaft, which spins a generator to...

499

REQUEST BY SCHWITZER U.S., INC., FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and shafts. KICC has in turn entered into a sub-subcontract with Schwitzer for the aerodynamic design of the turbine rotor, the mechanical design of the rotor and shaft to which...

500

Ris-R-1261(EN) Fatigue Degradation and Failure of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Such applications are for instance rotor blades in wind turbines, helicopter rotor blades, flywheels for energy storage, marine and aeronautical propellers, and rolls for paper machines. The purpose is to identify